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BA MA PhD ye diplomaay ye degree

Posted on: January 2, 2012


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog.

Trying to think of all other songs on the Hindi screen that contain the names of the educational degrees and qualifications. How far back do you think this trend goes ? Well, all the way back to 1936, to the time of Saigal Saab. The film ‘Krorepati (The Millionaire)’ has a duet by Saigal Saab and Pahadi Sanyal –‘Jo Naukri Dilaa De, BA Dilaane Waale’ . Then the next one that I can locate is ‘Hum Se Nain Milaanaa BA Pass Kar Ke’ , a Madan Mohan / Raja Mehndi Ali Khan creation sung by Mukesh and Shamshad Begum in 1950. Then in 1954, the Kishore, Usha Kiran film ‘Adhikaar’ has a song ‘BA MA PhD’ created by Prem Dhawan and Avinash Vyas, and sung by Asha Bhosle. Then fast forward to 1971 and the path-breaking film by Gulzar, ‘Mere Apne’. And the song – ‘Haal Chaal Thheek Thhaak Hai’. The second line of the mukhdaa of this song goes like ‘BA Kiyaa Hai, MA Kiyaa; Lagtaa Hai Wo Bhi Aiwen Kiyaa Hai’.

And then, there is a request from Arun ji, introducing us to this song from the 1971 film ‘Badnaam Farishte’. A song that must have set some records of its own. The most peculiar thing about this song is that it is a solo song by Rafi Saab, in terms of the singing voice, but on screen, it is performed by no less than twelve, yes twelve actors. No it is not a chorus. All the twelve artists get to sing specific lines, twice or thrice through the song.

‘Badnam Farishte’ is produced under the banner of Films and Films International, Bombay, and is directed by Qamar Naqvi. The lyrics are penned by Asad Bhopali and the music is composed by N Datta. Apparently, this film was supposed to be a launch vehicle for a dozen male actors, and one female lead. The female lead is Sona, and the twelve debutantes are Atam Prakash, Arvind Rathore, Amrit Patel, Bharat Kapoor, Chetan, Gurnam, Jayesh, Kunal, Mahendra Zaveri, Raju, Yash Tandon, and Rajneesh. The remaining star cast also includes Ram Mohan, Shivraj, Pichoo Kapoor, Nazir Kashmiri and a host of other names that are not familiar. The film also had guest appearances by Rajesh Khanna, Sharmila Tagore and Anwar Hussain. Of the new introductions in this film, after forty years, the only name and face that I can still recognize and continue to see on the large and the small screen, is Bharat Kapoor. Of the remaining, I am not aware or familiar with their subsequent careers.

As becomes evident from this song itself, this film is about educated young men with college degrees who are unable to get employment. Then they together decide to launch small time roadside vending businesses. The list is extensive and includes, selling of utensils, lottery tickets, carpets, bread and biscuits, bangles and make up items, ice cream, chaat and paani poori, dark glasses, pens, locks and keys, dress cloth, plastic combs. Given this large group of actors, no wonder that each of them get just two or three opportunities to sing a line. The arrangement is also well planned, for each person gets only one line to sing every time.

The beauty of Rafi Saab’s voice is that he has been successful in creating subtle differences in his voice, even for each individual line in some cases – a marvel that possibly only he could accomplish. I would request Arun ji, and others also, to add more information about this film and its artists.


Song-BA MA PhD Ye diplomaay ye degree (Badnaam Farishtey)(1971) Singer-Rafi, Lyrics-Asad Bhopali, MD-N Datta

Lyrics

BA MA PhD
ye diplomaay ye degree
BA MA PhD
ye diplomaay ye degree
ho gaye jab bekaar
to hum ko karnaa padaa vyopaar
jeene waalon
naye vyopaari
tumhaari gali aaye
kharido hum se
tumhen jo bhaaye

sab achhaa kaam hai dhandha
na koi maalik na koi bandaa
jo nahin darte atom bomb se
darte hain wo log kalam se
ek rupaye ka ticket hai aao
bin mehnat ke laakhon paao
khaataa sahi likhoge laala
chashmaa letey jaao kaala
naye vyopaari
tumhaari gali aaye
kharido hum se
tumhen jo bhaaye

sheikh-o-b’rehman ho ke harijan
sab ke kaam aate hain bartan
bhookh na dekhe chaabi taalaa
phir bhi letey jaao lala
kam kapde mein kaam chalaao
nange raho aur maal bachaao
garmi bahut hai
thhandak paa lo
aao yaaro
icecream khaa lo
naye vyopaari
tumhaari gali aaye
kharido hum se
tumhen jo bhaaye

toast biscuit roti paao
hum se le lo gham na khaao
choodi le lo
bindiya le lo
kaajal le lo
nindiya le lo
ye kashmiri galeechaa
ye jannat ka hai baageechaa
oosal ragdaa
paani poori
chokhe daam
kharee mazdoori
naye vyopaari
tumhaari gali aaye
kharido hum se
tumhen jo bhaaye
BA MA PhD
ye diplomaay ye degree
BA MA PhD
ye diplomaay ye degree
ho gaye jab bekaar
to hum ko karnaa padaa vyopaar
jeene waalon
naye vyopaari
tumhaari gali aaye
kharido hum se
tumhen jo bhaaye
naye vyopaari
tumhaari gali aaye
kharido hum se
tumhen jo bhaaye

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14 Responses to "BA MA PhD ye diplomaay ye degree"

The ice cream vendor in the song is Gurnam who was Rajesh Khanna’s Secretary.

yes sadanand ji you are right, I have seen him in sharmilatagore and rajesh khanna`s TYAAG (as Rajeshkhanna`s room mate)and in Amarprem (as rajesh khanna`s house servant)

and the squint eyed choodiwala with a white cap is AMRIT PATEL.
He was there in vinod khanna`s IMTHIHAAN,as one of students who is after BINDU and afterwards he got popularity in Doordarshan t.v.serial circus,intezaar,nukklad etc(got famous screen name as MURARI)(mostly in saeed mirzaa t.v.serials )

and another paani puriwala looks like AJAY WADHAVKAR,who is nowadays acting in zee t.v.`s Pavitra rishtha as drunkard husband of loud mouthed lady usha nadkarni(he was also in the starcast of most of saeed mirza t.v.serials)

Prakash ji,

In the film ‘Joru Ka Ghulam’ (1972), is it Gurnam once again as the friend and room mate of Rajesh Khanna?

Rgds
Sudhir

Sudhir ji,
Thank you very much for posting this song with your inimitable article.
This song though sung by ONE singer,i.e. Mohd.Rafi,it was lip-synched by a record 8 actors on the screen(and NOT 12 actors).The actors identified by Mr.Surjit singh ji,in one of his comments,are
1.Bharat Kapoor
2. Atma prakash
3. Arvind Rathore
4. Amrit Patel
5. Chetal
6. Gurnam
7. Yash Tandon and
8. Mahendra Jhaveri

-AD

.

Arun ji,

Thanks for your message.

When I write twelve, I refer to a part of the video clip that is displayed twice during this song. This portion appears at 0:34 and 3:40. It displays a composite view that is built from 12 separate video panels, each one showing one of the actors who are singing this song. That is how i surmised that there are 12 people in all who are performing this song. And as I listed the various items being sold, that number is twelve.
1. Dark glasses
2. Carpets
3. Bakery Items (Bharat Kapoor)
4. Lottery tickets
5. Utensils
6. Combs, mirrors, handkerchiefs etc.
7. Dress cloth
8. Locks, chains etc.
9. Pens
10. Pani Poori etc.
11. Ice cream (Gurnam)
12. Bangles etc.(Amrit Patel)

The numbers 1 to 12 above correspond to the left to right sequence of actors in this composite view, and the item they are selling while performing this song.

Also, from the cast list given in the Geet Kosh, as far as I can make out, there are twelve names of male actors that seem to be new. I have listed them in the write up and I reproduce it here also.

Atam Prakash, Arvind Rathore, Amrit Patel, Bharat Kapoor, Chetan, Gurnam, Jayesh, Kunal, Mahendra Zaveri, Raju, Yash Tandon, and Rajneesh.

Based on inputs so far, we have 3 names idenified with the item they are selling (in the item list above), the remaining still need to be identified.

Rgds
Sudhir

Sudhir ji,
BADNAAM FARISHTEY-1971,came at a time when Indira Gandhi was getting very strong and there was a talk of Young Indians contributing to India’s growth etc.Sanjay Gandhi was not yet that active but was waiting in the wings.
The film also tried to give a message that only the academic education is not going to take India anywhere,but with DIGNITY OF LABOUR,the youngsters should take up the technical or vocational branches too.For youngsters the lure of luxury is a danger and they may try shortcut methods.They must realise that for success,there is no short cut.
This film had many firsts to its credit.One,at a time 12 Newcomers made their Debut.
Two,in the first scene of the film,Dharmendra comes on the screen and introduces all the 12 Newcomers.
Thirdly,it had the above song,which created a sort of record,in which singer was one but it was lip-synched by a record 8 actors.

The story is of 12 young men-actually 11 men and 1 girl- who pass out from colleges and reach Bombay with their Degrees/Diplomas in hand,dreams in eyes and hopes in heart.They get only a stepmotherly treatmant from the society as they do not earn anything.They come in contact with a Gunda(Anwar Hussain) and fall in his trap of doing all illegeal acts to earn momney.
However not being hard criminals,they realise their folly,leave the illegal acts and try to do odd but honest jobs,like selling vegetables,sundries etc,considering Dignity of labour.
The Gunda,however ensures that they are exposed and the police arrest them.In the court lot of Dialoguebazi is enacted.Rajesh Khanna and Sharmila Tagore are their advocates.The judge is pinchoo Kapoor.After many arguements etc. the Judge gives an analytical speech and his favourable verdict.
Despite all this uniqueness and tricks,the film did not succeed,as it became boring and only preaching sermon in the second half.
In the above song,jayesh Shah,Rajanish,Raju and Sona did not lip-synch.
-AD
224

Arun ji,

Thanks for the detailed write up about the film.

I checked the song again, and viewed it twice, with pauses. As far as I can make out, all the 12 male actors lip synch at least 2 lines each during the song. Each of the 12 items being sold has got at least one verse of 2 lines attached to it in the lyrics. Except for the person who opens the first antaraa with the lines
“sab achhaa kaam hai dhandha
na koi maalik na koi bandaa”
He is selling combs, mirrors, handkerchiefs etc. but he does not talk specifically about his items.

There are 3 antaraas in the song. If you watch carefully, in each antaraa four actors appear, and they lip sych one verse each of two lines. This way all the 12 actors have lip synched this song.

The items covered in each antaraa are as follows:

Antaraa 1

The mukhdaa is shared amongst

(Apologies – pressed some incorrect key in the middle of typing my comment).

Arun ji,

Thanks for the detailed write up about the film.

I checked the song again, and viewed it twice, with pauses. As far as I can make out, all the 12 male actors lip synch at least 2 lines each during the song. Each of the 12 items being sold has got at least one verse of 2 lines attached to it in the lyrics. Except for the person who opens the first antaraa with the lines
“sab achhaa kaam hai dhandha
na koi maalik na koi bandaa”
He is selling combs, mirrors, handkerchiefs etc. but he does not talk specifically about his items.

There are 3 antaraas in the song. If you watch carefully, in each antaraa four actors appear, and they lip sych one verse each of two lines. This way all the 12 actors have lip synched this song.

The items covered in each antaraa are as follows:

Antaraa 1
– Generic verse about “apna dhanda” (Actor selling combs etc.)
– Selling pen (actor with beard and green kurta)
– Selling lottery ticket (actor in brown shirt and goggles)
– Selling dark glasses (actor imitating Raj Kapoor)

Antaraa 2
– Selling utensils (actor in dhoti and red pugree)
– Selling locks, chains etc. (actor in white kurta and goggles)
– Selling dress cloth (actor in dhoti and gandhi cap)
– Selling ice cream (Gurnam)

Antaraa 3
– Selling biscuits etc. (Bharat Kapoor)
– Selling bangles etc. (Amrit Patel)
– Selling carpets (actor in pathani dress and red cap)
– Selling paani poori etc. (actor in dhoti and white undershirt)

All the above get to lip synch two lines each in the antaraaas. And the mukhdaa is shared amongst them.

That is how I came to the conclusion of 12 (and not 8) actors lip synching in this song. Please let me know.

Rgds
Sudhir

Sudhir ji,
You have really taken lot of efforts to fathom the lip-synchors.
I will not be able to identify even one of them by name ,leave aside all 12 !
That is why I quoted that the info was not mine,but taken from the comments of Mr.Surjit singh ji.
Now that you have found out the truth,I would like to go by what you say than anybody else.
But,one point remains and that is about the female member of the 12 new comers-SONA,who has obviously not lip synched Rafi. In that case the no.may comedown to 11. what about it ?
-AD

Arun ji,

IMHO, this song is presented on screen by 12 male actors, not doubt about it.

One possible answer to your question is that this film has the debut of 13 new performers i.e. Sona, an actress and 12 male actors. In the write up above, I have listed names of 12 actors that seem to be new names (for that time). The name Sona appears in the credits in addition to these twelve names.

Rgds
Sudhir

Sudhir ji,
Your explanation is very convincing and the fact must be what you
deduced.
As I said,I have more faith and trust in your conclusions than anybody else,however big he may be !
-AD

One more song of educational degree yet to be discussed :
Video link : http://youtu.be/0iSdldDEGHI
See 3:04 to 3:16 – ‘….maine kuch ghaas nahi kathi, kiyaa B.A. pass’

Whether song from
Mere apne(gulzar`s-salil chaudhary-kishore,mukesh-1971)fits into this category???:
“Haal chaal teektaak hai, sabkuchch teektaak hai, M.A.kiya, B.A. kiya…aapki duaa se sab teektaak hai”

A song in Amitabh Bachchan’s “Agneepath” on mithun chakrovarty is “I am krishnan iyer MA i am nariyalpani waala” is also in this category.

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