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Raam dhun laagi Gopal dhun laagi

Posted on: November 8, 2013


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

The 4th song in the series “The great souls of India” is from film “NARSI BHAGAT”-1957,sung by Manna Dey, Asha Bhonsle and Chorus.

Tha Bhakti Movement was India’s own way to combat foreign attackers, cruel rulers and the sleeping people of India. The movement from 1300 to 1600 AD produced many religious Saints and social reformers from Kanyakumari to Kashmir and from Assam to Gujarat. The Indian culture is such that that the advise given by a religious saint is more acceptable than that given by a social reformer. Thus, in this hour of need, India’s Saints tried to teach message of reforms such as removal of Untouchability, freedom from Varnashram life styles, importance of education, Women’s emancipation and other such matters,through their poems, dohas, Abhangs and writings as well as keertans. They tried to make the masses up wake up against the ill effects of social practices that were being observed those days.

Saints appeared in ALL areas of India,during this period. However,due to language problems, knowledge and information about Saints in other regions trickled down very slowly. States which shared the use of Devanagari script were aware about them in a better way. Thus,Maharashtra,Gujarat,Rajasthan and the Northern Hindi belt states exchanged their knowledge about their saints more frequently than other regions such as Bengal, the Eastern states or the southern states where the scripts were different. Andhra and Karnataka were closer as their scripts are similar, except perhaps the alphabet ‘K’. Tamil and Malayalam scripts have Dravidian origins and were not easily accessible for the rest of India.

Today we will learn about a saint from Gujarat and in a future episode about a saint from the Eastern states.

GUJARAT- the name itself evokes thoughts of Trade and Business. Due to their Business talents, Gujarat was known to Romans, Greeks and Persians, since the pre Christ era. Gujarat Maritime merchant history dates back to the First century after Christ.

Gujarat had produced many worthy souls who made the country proud of them. The top being Mahatma Gandhi ji. Then there were Sardar Patel, M.A.Jinnah, Vikram Sarabhai(Space Ace), Morarji Desai, the Ambanis, Azim Prem ji, Parsis of Navsari etc etc. In the religious field, Gujarat had its share with Jalaram Bappa, Narsi Bhagat, Dadu Dayal, Dayanand Saraswati, Rangawadhoot ji, Rameshbhai oza, Hemchandra Surishwar, Pramukh Swami etc etc. (these are only indicative examples,not exhaustive).

Today we will talk about the ADI KAVI of Gujarat-Narsimh Mehta aka Narsi Bhagat (1414 to 1486). He is one of the most popular saints of Gujarat. No wonder then,that the First Talkie in Gujarati was a film called NARSI MEHTA-1932. In Hindi too,”Narsi Bhagat ” was made as early as 1940. Vishnupant Pagnis (Sant Tukaram fame) had done the role of Narsi Bhagat in this film.

The best Bhajan written by Narsi Bhagat is “Vaishnav jan to tene kahiye”. All Indians know that this was the most favourite Bhajan of Mahatma Gandhi ji. Actually many people thought that the mahatma himself wrote this Bhajan !.

Here is a short Biography of saint Narsi Bhagat,adapted from Wiki-

Narsinh Mehta was born in Vaishnava Nagar community at Talaja and later shifted to Junagadh (then Jirndurg) in Saurashtra, Gujarat. He lost his parents when he was 5 years old. He could not speak until the age of 8. He was raised by his grand mother Jaygauri.
He married Manekbai probably in the year 1429. Mehta and his wife stayed at his brother Bansidhar’s place in Junagadh. However, his cousin’s wife (Sister-in-law or bhabhi) did not welcome Narsinh very well. She was an ill-tempered woman, always taunting and insulting Narsinh mehta for his worship (Bhakti). One day, when Narasinh mehta had enough of these taunts and insults, he left the house and went to a nearby forest in search of some peace, where he fasted and meditated for se ven days by a secluded Shiva lingam until Shiva appeared before him in person. On the poet’s request, the Lord took him to Vrindavan and showed him the eternal raas leela of Krishna and the gopis. A legend has it that the poet transfixed by the spectacle burnt his hand with the torch he was holding but he was so engrossed in the ecstatic vision that he was oblivious of the pain. Mehta, as the popular account goes, at Krishna’s command decided to sing His praises and the nectarous experience of the rasa in this mortal world. He resolved to compose around 22,000 kirtans or compositions.
After this dream-like experience, transformed Mehta returned to his village, touched his bhabhi’s feet, and thanked her for insulting him. In Junagadh, Mehta lived in poverty with his wife and two children, a son named Shamaldas, and a daughter for whom he had special affection, Kunwarbai. He revelled in devotion to his hearts’ content along with sadhus, saints, and all those people who were Hari’s subjects – Harijans – irrespective of their caste, class or sex. It also seems that he must have fallen into a somewhat ill repute for his close relations with Lord’s sakhis and gopis, Narsinh mehta’s women followers, with whom he danced and sang. The Nagars of Junagadh despised him and spared no opportunity to scorn and insult him. By this time, Mehta had already sung about the rasaleela of Radha and Krishna. The compositions are collected under the category of shringar compositions. They are full of intense lyricism, bold in their erotic conception and are not without allegorical dimensions, this saves the compositions from being something of erotic court poetry of medieval India.
Soon after his daughter, Kunwarbai’s marriage (around 1447) to Shrirang Mehta of Una’s son, Kunwarbai became pregnant and it was a custom for the girl’s parents to give gifts and presents to all the in-laws during the seventh month of pregnancy. This custom, known as Mameru, was simply out of the reach of poor Narsinh who had hardly anything except intransigent faith in his Lord. How Krishna helped his beloved devotee is a legend depicted in ‘Mameru Na Pada’. This episode is preserved vividly in the memory of Gujarati people by compositions by later poets and films. Other famous legends include ‘Hundi (Bond)’ episode and ‘Har Mala (Garland)’ episode. The episode in which none other than Shamalsha Seth cleared a bond written by poverty stricken beloved, is famous not only in Gujarat but in other parts of India as well. The Har Mala episode deals with the challenge given to Mehta by Ra Mandlik (1451–1472) a Chudasama king, to prove his innocence in the charges of immoral behavior by making the Lord Himself garland Narsinh. Mehta depicts this episode. How Sri Krishna, in the guise of a wealthy merchant, helped Mehta in getting his son married is sung by the poet in ‘Putra Vivah Na Pada’. He went to Mangrol where, at the age of 79, he is believed to have died. The crematorium at Mangrol is called ‘Narsinh Nu Samshan’ where perhaps one of the greatest sons of Gujarat was cremated. He will ever remembered for his poetic works and devotion to Lord Krishna. He is known as the first poet of Gujarati.

The film NARSI BHAGAT-1957 was produced by Devendra Goyal under the banner of Goyal Cine Corporation,Bombay. Music Director was Ravi, who gave twelve excellent songs in the film. It not only contained the famous Bhajan,”Vaishnav jan to tene Kahiye” by Manna Dey, but also another popular bhajan-“Darshan do Ghanshyam Nath mohe “. This is already posted on this Blog. There was yet one more very melodious Bhajan by Asha and Manna Dey-‘Sab ki naiyya paar lagaiyya”, which we will listen today. The cast of this film was Shahu Modak, Nirupa Roy, Radha kishen,Lalita Pawar, Madan puri etc. One of the many Guest Artists was the famous MD S.N.Tripathi.

Narsinh Mehta was a poor mute boy, born in a Brahmin family of Junagadh district(Gujarat) in 1414 AD. From childhood, he had leanings towards sadhus and attending Keertans. When he was 8 years old,a Sadhu gave him blessings and he could speak. In order to curb his Bhakti activities, the family got him married to Manik Mehti. He even got a son and a daughter, but his love for God did not diminish. His Bhabhi one dyt insulted and taunted him so much that a sad Narsi left the house and went to Jungle. There he fasted and meditated for 7 days continuously. Finally Lord Vishnu appeared and took him to Vrindavan to see Krishna’s Rasleela. After this experience he returned to the home and thanked his Bhabhi for insulting and prompting him to go to Jungle.
He became immersed in krishna Bhakti and recited poems and did keertans. Sarangdhar, his Bhabhi’s brother tried very hard to trouble him and also to get him arrested by Junagadh’s king. In all these ordeals, God came to his help and even the King submitted to him becoming his devotee.

The film has shown several of his miracles and also has several bhajans. All in all this film was very interesting to those who like religious films with miracles and bhajans.

Let us now enjoy the melodious Bhajan from this film,sung by Manna Dey,Asha Bhosle and chorus….


Song-Sabki naiyya paar lagaiyya (Narsi Bhagat)(1957) Singers-Manna Dey, Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Gopal Singh Nepali, MD-Ravi
Chorus

Lyrics

Sabki naiya paar lagaiya
Krishna Kanhaiya saanware
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi

Sabki naiya paar lagaiya
Krishna Kanhaiya saanwre
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi

o o o
Jo shyaam charaaye dhenu
bajaaye Venu
rachaaye raas re
Pyaas nain mein jagi jiya mein
Lagi usi ki aas re

Jo shyaam charaaye dhenu
bajaaye Venu
rachaaye raas re
Pyaas nain mein jagi jiya mein
Lagi usi ki aas re

Usi ki dhun mein phiroon raat din
Dhoop mile ya chhaon re

Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Raam dhun lagi gopal dhun laagi

o o o
Kismat se mila nar janam
chhod de bharam
Bhajan kar shyaam ka
Raaz rang singar shyam se
Pyaar nahin kuchh kaam ka
Kismat se mila nar janam
Chhod de bharam
Bhajan kar shyam ka
raaz rang singar shyam se
Pyar nahin kuch kaam ka

Raam naam patwaar banale
Paar lagegi naav re
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Sabki naiya paar lagaiya
Krishna kanhaiya saanware
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi

o o o o
Anmol dhan mile bina kisi mol ke
Aage badhe chalo ram naam bol ke

Anmol dhan mile bina kisi mol ke
Aage badhe chalo ram naam bol ke

Sachchi hai jo lagan tumhari
Kabhi ruke na paanv re

Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Sabki naiya paar lagaiya
Krishna kanaiya saanware
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Sabki naiya paar lagaiya
Krishna kanhaiya saanware
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi

Sabki naiya paar lagaiya
Krishna kanaiya saware
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Sabki naiya par lagaiya
Krishna kanhaiya saanwre
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi

o o o
Yug yug ki yahi pukaar
chale sansaar
Dharam ke raaste panth bhool
Insaan bana shaitan pet ke waaste
Yug yug ki yahi pukar
chale sansar
Dharam ke raashte panth bhool
Insaan bana shaitaan pet ke waaste

Ek janam mein haar na bhai
Janam janam ka daanv re
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Sabki naiya par lagaiya
Krishna kanhaiya saanwre
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi

o o o
Duniya ke jal mein prabhu ko na bhool re
Hai sona mati chandi hai dhool re

Duniya ke jal mein prabhu ko na bhool re
Hai sona maati chaandi hai dhool re

Dhan dharti mein upaj
Na manwa do din padaaw re

Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Raam dhun lagi gopal dhun laagi
Sabki naiya paar lagaiya
Krishna kanhaiya saanwre
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi

o o o
Kuchh jaat bhed na kiya
janam jab diya hamen bhagwan ne
Bhai bhai ko alag kiya
Ab talak magar insaan ne
Kuch jaat bhed na kiya
janam jab Diya hamen bhagwan ne
Bhai bhai ko alag kiya
Ab talak insan ne

Mili dagar dagar se
Door nagar ke gaanv re
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Sabki naiya paar lagaiya
Krishna kanaiya saware
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi
Raam dhun laagi gopal dhun laagi

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1 Response to "Raam dhun laagi Gopal dhun laagi"

Very interesting!!! Thank you Arunji for the the informative post on this Adikavi of Gujrat. When we were little kids, my father used to sing a bhajan to wake us up. The words are Jalkamal chhaandi jaa ne bala, Swami amaro jaagse….. It’s connected with the Kaaliyanaag story. Narsi Mehta was famous for his Prabhaatiya, bhajans for the early morning time called Brahmamuhurt.
Curiously waiting for your next post. :)

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