atul's bollywood song a day- with full lyrics

Archive for the ‘Actor-Singer song’ Category


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Basics of music- Part I (Swar and Saptak)
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In this blog, we have discussed over eleven thousand songs till now. When I use the word “discuss”, I mostly mean that we have provided lyrics of the song, provided the audio/video link of the song and mentioned the names of artists singing the song and performing in the picturisation. We sometimes discuss the movies and artists of these songs in detail.

Come to think of it, the song itself has many things in it that have rarely been touched upon in the blog. For instance, majority of HFM is based on Hindustani classical music. Many principles of classical music is followed in HFM even if they go unnoticed by most music lovers.

We will be able to appreciate HFM (or for that matter any music) if we are able to understand what goes behind the music. Music may be regarded as an art by laymen but it is based on scientific principles. Music is also noticed following mathematical laws.

I, in collaboration with other contributor(s) of the blog propose to start a series in the blog that will introduce us to the principles of music. In the beginning, we will introduce musical terms and explain what exactly they mean and how they lead to creation of music that pleases our senses. We will try to take many baby steps in this series in the beginning, because the concepts being discussed will take some time to sink for the beginners. Those who are interested in the subject are requested to give their feedback. Participation of readers will determine the course of this series which will take a lot out of us, but it is hoped that the end result will see us getting enriched a great deal, musically speaking, of course.

So, in this first part, I will explain some very basic and important terms, namely “swar” and “saptak” and what they mean. So here we go.

Assumption:-I assume that readers have some understanding of terms used in physics like say “frequency”, “pitch” etc. If required, we will explain these terms too, based on user feedback.

Question-What is a musical “note” ?
Answer- A musical note is a pitched sound, viz sound at a particular frequency.

Question-What is an octave ?
Answer- A range of notes where the higher note is of twice the frequency as compared to the lower note.

Let us understand the above statements with examples.

It has been noticed that human ear is capable of identifying at the most 22 notes in an octave. Theese 22 notes are called micronotes in Western classical terminology or “shruti” in Hindustani classical music terminology. Seven out of these 22 notes in an octave are considered musically significant and they have been called “swar” in Hindustani classical music. Since there are seven swar in an octave, the term coined for them is “saptak”, where “sapt”=seven. So, musically speaking an octave is the same as saptak and it contains the seven swars, as following:

Swar Full name Meaning of the term Inspiration from Abbreviation Remarks
Shadja Creator of six Inspired from cry of the peacock Sa This is an invariant swar (Achal Swar)and a reference point for other swars
Rishabh Rishabh means bull Inspired from sound of a bull Re Has two variations, viz Shuddh and Komal
Gandhaar Sweet fragrance Sound of a goat Ga Has two variations, viz Shuddh and Komal
Madhyam Middle one Sound of heron Ma Has two variations, viz Shuddh and Teevr
Pancham Fifth Sound of cuckoo Pa This is an invariant swar (Achal Swar)
Dhaiwat Sixth note Neighing sound of horse Dha Has two variations, viz Shuddh and Komal
Nishaad Seventh note Trumpeting sound of an elephant Ni Has two variations, viz Shuddh and Komal

The seven notes together are also described as “Sargam”, where the word sargam is an acronym contaning the first letters of the first four swars.

It must be kept in mind that four of the swars, viz. Re, Ga, Ma, Dha, Ni have one variant each- called komal for Re, Ga , Dha, Ni, and Teevr for Ma. So there are a total of 12 musical notes, though we still describe the sargam as consisting of saat swar only. Incidentally, the term “Sur” is same as “swar”

In a classical musical composition, the swars are sung in ascending order (called aaroh), followed by singing in descending order (called avroh).

Let us assume that the composition makes use of all the seven notes of the saptak (octave) in aaroh as well as avroh. Then the aaroh will go:
Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni Sa’ where each swar (note) is sung at an increasingly higher pitch compared to the previous swar till we arrive at the seventh and final swar Ni. The singer then goes higher and sings Sa’ which sounds the same as the first note Sa but it is at twice the frequency vis a vis the original swar Sa.
These swars, viz Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni Sa’ constitute an octave (Saptak). Typically a singer will most of the time operate in one octave. He would sing the aaroh in that saptak and they go down Sa’ Ni Dha Pa Ma Ga Re Sa by singing the avroh.
[Note- The convention followed here has Sa’ as twice the freqency of Sa, Re’ at twice th frequency of Re etc.]

Suppose that the singer, after reaching at Sa’, which is twice the frequency as the original Sa, keeps going at higher and higher frequencies, viz. Sa’ Re’ Ga’ Ma’, Pa’ Dha’, Ni’, Sa”. Then that will constitute another octave. The original octave is called mid octave (madhya saptak) while the higher octave is called taar saptak. Likewise the octave below the madhya saptak can be obtained if one goes down in frequency below the original Sa by singing awroh, viz. Sa ‘Ni ‘Dha ‘Pa ‘Ma ‘Ga ‘Re ‘Sa, where ‘Sa is half the frequency of Sa. This lower octave, one octave below the madhya saptak is called mandrak saptak.
[Note- The convention followed here has ‘Sa as half the freqency of Sa, ‘Re at half the frequency of Re etc.]

For the sake of illustration, let us say that the madhya saptak is between 240 hz to 480 hz where 240 Hz is Sa and 480 Hz is Sa’, then taar saptak will be between 480 hz to 960 hz whereas mandra saptak would be between 120 hz to 240 hz.

What about the frequencies of shuddha notes other than Sa in an octave ? They too bear some relation with each other. In madhya Saptak, if Sa is 240 hz and Sa’ is 480 hz, then Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni would be 270 Hz, 300 hz, 320 hz, 360 hz, 405 hz and 450 hz. Every note in the octave would be 1.5 times the frequency of the fifth note before it. Thus Pa (360 hz) will be 1.5 times Sa (240 hz), Dha (405 hz) will be 1.5 times Re (270 hz) etc. So one can say that the notes in an octave display the property of geometric progression. It must be kept in mind that we are talking about shudd swars. komal notes of Re Ga, Dha Ni would be of slightly lower frequency than the shuddh version whereas teevra Madhyam would be of slightly higher frequency than shudhh madhyam.

I will let the above information sink in for readers for whom this information is new. People who are familiar with the above concepts are requested to show patience because these concepts are fundamental concepts that must be understood properly before we move on to other concepts.

I have purposely avoided bringing in other musical terminologies in this discussion today. Their turn will come in subsequent discussions. For the time being, here is a song from “Jugnu”(1947). This song is based on a classical “raag”- a term that we will discuss in future.

The song is sung by Noorjahaan and it is picturised on her as well. Asghar Sarhadi is the lyricist. Music is composed by Feroz Nizami.

So enjoy this song, and also the article, and look forward to some “interesting” discussion on the nuts and bolts of music in the days to come. :)


Song-Hamen to shaam e gham mein kaatni hai zindagi apni (Jugnu)(1947) Singer-Noorjahaan, Lyrics-Asghar Sarhadi, MD-Feroz Nizami

Lyrics

(cough cough
cough cough)
hamen to shaam-e-gham mein kaatni hai zindagi apni
hamen to shaam-e-gham mein kaatni hai zindagi apni
jahaan wo hain wahin ae chaand le ja chaandni apni
jahaan wo hain wahin ae chaand le ja chaandni apni

agar kucchh thhi to bas ye thhi tamanna aakhri apni
agar kuch thhi to bas ye thhi tamanna aakhri apni
ke tum saahil pe hote aur kashti doobti apni
ke tum saahil pe hote aur kashti doobti apni
hamen to shaam-e-gham mein kaatni (cough cough
cough cough
cough cough
cough cough)

taqaaza hai yehi dil ka
wahin chaliye
wahin chaliye
taqaaza hai yehi dil ka
wahin chaliye
wahin chaliye
wo mehfil
haaye jis mehfil mein duniya lut gayi apni
wo mehfil
haaye jis mehfil mein duniya lut gayi apni
hamen to shaam-e-gham mein kaatni hai zindagi apni

khuda ke (cough cough)
khuda ke vaaste
zaalim ghadi bhar ke liye aa ja
ghadi bhar ke liye aa ja
bujhaani hai tere daaman pe shama-e zindagi apni
bujhaani hai tere daaman pe shama-e (cough cough
cough cough)
hamen to shaam-e-gham mein kaatni hai zindagi apni
hamen (cough cough cough cough
cough cough cough cough)


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Sitaara”(1939) was directed by Ezra Mir for Everest Pictures Corporation, Bombay. The movie had Ratanbai, Khursheed Bano, Nazeer, Mubarak, Jamshedji, Aashiq Hussain, K N Singh, Sunalini, Voilet Cooper, Mirza Musharraf, Nazeer Bedi, Bibi Bai, Haidersha, Aashuji, Trivedi etc in it.
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This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Hospital”(1943) was directed by Sushil Majumdar for M P Productions, Calcutta. The movie had Kanan Devi, Ahindra Chaudhary, Robin, Krishna, Pramod, Hiralal, Tulsi, Indu, Sandhya, Purnima, Manorama, Devbala etc. in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Baaghi Shahzaada”(1964) was directed by Maruti for G P Films, Bombay. The movie had Kishore Kumar, Kumkum, Anwar, maruti, B M Vyas, Wazir Mubhammad Khan, Madhumati, Bela Bose, Indira, Altaf, Shyam Kumar, Khursheed, Jamal, Paro, Ridku, Uma Khosla etc in it.
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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

VINTAGE SHAMSHAD BEGUM…..Song No. 2
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Today’s song is from film Ratnavali-45. Not a very well known name. Even in those days,it was not a film known by many ! But it had very good songs. This was a costume film made by Amar Pictures.

Amar Pictures was owned by Chimanlal Desai- who had established Sagar movietone in 1930 along with Dr. Ambalal Patel. Both were actually in Distribution business, but they entered film production line with the help of Ardeshir Irani of Imperial Film Company. Dr. Patel left Sagar around 1936 to go back to his Distribution business again and Chimanlal left Sagar in 1939 to form National Studios, joining hands with RCA’s Yusuf Fazalbhoy.
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This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

The Wonderful Sounds of 1930s – 6
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Listening to songs like this one, there are mixed feelings in the heart.  There is a pleasant joyous feeling that such wonderful sounds from almost eight decades ago, are available  and we can hear and enjoy them.  There is also a regretful irritation, almost bordering on frustration as to why more such songs are not available.  Why is it that all one can search and explore, and just one song is available from this film, and from many others.  And for many more, even one song is not traceable.
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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Vintage Shamshad Begam
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Song-1 Shamshad Begam and Motilal
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I started seeing films since my early childhood in the late 40s. I was lucky enough to see many films of the 30’s too, in their second or third runs. By the mid 50s, the films from the 30s were gone but almost all films of the 40s were still available.

English, Hindi, Marathi, Telugu or Kannada- language was no bar as far as watching movies of these languages was concerned . Those were the days when 78 RPM records used to be played by Hotels on gramophone. This helped me to hear the latest songs. In the 1960s Posh hotels had Juke Box. Soon it became common and Juke Boxes were seen everywhere. You needed just a coin of 4 Annas to listen to your desired song on it. Usually 4 songs in a row were lined up and they could all be listed to by putting 4 coins in it.
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This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

The first lady of Bangla cinema. And the first lady singing superstar of Indian cinema. It is said that at the height of her popularity, she required protection when she was traveling.

Remembering Kanan Devi on the anniversary of her birth today (22nd April). (It is her 99th anniversary)
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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This is his 400th article in the blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

MISSING GEMS FROM THE GOLDEN 50s…Song No. 18….LAST SONG OF THIS SERIES
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Today’s song is from film Bewaqoof-60. This is the last song of this series. This series has been very interesting and it gave a pleasure of discussing songs from the 50’s decade. Some of the songs were well known and popular in those times and the most others were good enough to provide nostalgic feelings.

Today’s article happens to be my 400 th article on this Blog. I started writing consistently on this Blog from 1-10-2012. Thanks to ATUL ji’s encouragement and active substantial help in writing Lyrics for me,I was able to reach the figure of 400 articles on songs in 30 months. This is an average of about 13-14 songs every month. During these months,our readers from all over the music loving world gave comments of appreciation,which worked as a motivation for me. In this period,I did 21 series of songs on different Themes. My endeavour has always been to present forgotten pearls from Hindi films and side by side,provide useful,unique information on films, songs, singers, composers, actors, directors, production houses, mythology and behind the scene stories.
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This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

One of the 8 films made and released in 1938 from the ‘factory’ of Ranjit Movietone was an obscure movie PROFESSOR WAMAN, M.Sc. (1938). The film, belonging to the genre of crime and mystery, was directed by Manibhai Vyas who made his debut as a director with this film. The star cast included E. Billimoria, Mazhar Khan, Sunita Devi, Beg, Sitara Devi, Rajkumari, Waheedan Bai etc. The film had 8 songs written by P L Santoshi and were set to music by Gyan Dutt. The film was released on 10th December 1938.
Read more on this topic…


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where "new" songs are added every day, and that has been the case for more than six years. This blog has over 11100 song posts by now.

Total number of songs discussed

11148

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