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This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

This is a tale of a classical vocalist par excellence who chose the bliss of marital life over money and fame through umpteen classical music soirees. Sukoon (peace of mind) was the main motto in her life which, in her view, cannot be compensated by money and fame. The name of the classical vocalist was Roshanara Begum who rendered mainly in Kirana gharana style.

I accidentally became aware of Roshanara Begum when I was pressurised to buy a 78 RPM record of the song (in two parts) ‘desh ki pur kaif rangeen si fizaaaon mein kahin’ from ‘Jugnu’ (1947) sometime in early 1970s in a kabaadi shop. I may have played this song only a couple of times as I was more interested in listening to popular film songs those days. It was only after my retirement that I started spending more time on semi-classical and classical songs in that order. Slowly, I developed taste for this genre of songs with insight into the singers behind these songs. Recently, I have been listening to classical and semi-classical songs rendered by Roshanara Begum in various raagas. Here is her profile which is mainly based on an hour long TV interview she gave in Pakistan sometime in 1970s.

Roshanara Begum (1917-06/12/1982) was born in Calcutta (Kolkata) to Chanda Begum and Ustad Abdul Haque Khan. Her real name was Wahidunnissa. However, a fakeer after listening to her singing, changed her name to ‘Roshanjehan’. She had shown interest in classical music since childhood. At the age of 9, she told her mother to look for an ustad who could train her as a classical music vocalist. Initially, she received training from Laddan Khan. At the age of 13, that is, in early 1930s, she shifted to Bombay (Mumbai) with the intention of getting trained in classical music from Ustad Abdul Karim Khan, the doyen of Kirana Gharana. However, he was mostly based in Miraj with occasional visit to Bombay for concerts.

As per her interview, her singing prowess got her a role in a Hindi film ‘Noor-e-Imaan’ (1933) as a singer-actor. Her name was once again changed from ‘Roshanjehan’ to ‘Roshanara’. She worked as a singer-actor in 2-3 more films, names of which she did not remember. When Ustad Abdul Karim Khan decided to take her as his disciple, he put a condition to her that she should give up working in films. Incidentally, in a book ‘The lost World of Hindustani Music’, it is stated that her father was the cousin of Ustad Abdul Karim Khan. However, in the interview, Roshanara Begum always referred to him as Ustad and did not mention that he was her uncle.

While in Bombay, Roshanara Begum began singing on All India Radio and occasionally participated in concerts. A police officer belonging to West Punjab who was on transfer to Bombay, was a regular visitor to her concerts. He fell in love with her and eventually they got married on one condition put forward by Roshanara Begum that she should be allowed to continue her career as a classical singer. In 1937, Ustad Abdul Karim Khan passed away. She continued her training in classical singing with Ustad Abdul Wahid Khan who was a co-founder of Kirana Gharana along with his brother-in-law Ustad Abdul Karim Khan. In the 1940s, Roshanara Begum had established her name as a prominent classical vocalist and she was getting invitations to participate in musical concerts all over India.

After partition in 1947, Roshanara migrated to Pakistan with her husband and settled down in Lalamusa, a small town in Punjab. In the first 2 years, she did not pursue her singing career as elders in the joint family did not approve of her singing in concerts. However, when a senior official of Radio Pakistan came to know about her, he persuaded her family to allow her to sing at least on the radio. Thereafter she started singing for Pakistan Radio and TV. She also participated in the Lahore Musical Conference which was held in 1950. However, over the period, the atmosphere in Pakistan no longe r remainconducive for classical singers. Some of the classical singers even shifted to singing semi-classical genre such as ghazal which had more takers in Pakistan than classical music. Roshanara Begum had no interest in pursuing semi-classical genre of music such as thumris, dadras and ghazals. Her forte was khayal singing. So she spent more time in Lalamus as a housewife than a classical vocalist.

In 1978, Roshanara Begum visited India and participated in a concert in the house of Naina Devi, the thumri singer. Before starting her concert, she talked about the poverty of classical music in Pakistan and said that she hardly practiced any more, leave alone giving public performances. Kumar Prasad Mukhopadhyaya, a musician himself, in his book ‘The Lost World of Hindustani Music’ who attended her concert wrote:

Her music showed no sign of age or lack of riyaaz ……..She was short, fat and dark and even her admirers would not have found her appearance alluring. But when she sang, the expression of serenity, the inner feeling of peaceful union with swaras on her face would convey itself to the audience. The sudden intrusion of a violent yet effortless gamak taan followed invariably with a smile would transform her for a fleeting moment into a lovely person.

Roshanara Begum passed away on December 6, 1982 leaving behind her an adopted son and a daughter apart from a good numbers of her pet dogs and cats. The lovers of classical music are grateful that she left behind a wealth of recorded music for all those (including me) who missed her music during her lifetime. A sample of her shorter versions of renditions is given below:

Khayal in raag Adana

Tarana in raag Malkauns

Bandish in raag Des

Thumri in raag Piloo

Ghazal – Hone ko to kyaa huaa nahin hai

Roshanara Begum sang a handful of songs as a playback singer in Hindi films. She sang in ‘Pukar’ (1939), ‘Pehli Nazar’ (1945), ‘Hamjoli’ (1946), ‘Jugnu’ (1947) and ‘Siskiyaan’(1952). In Pakistan also, she sang only a few songs for films as playback singer. As mentioned earlier, she was not interested in singing light and semi-classical songs.

I am presenting here a rare bhajan ‘mori bipat suno Giridhari’ from the film HAMJOLI (1946) sung by Roshanara Begum. The lyrics are written by Anjum Pilibhiti and set to music by Hafiz Khan. The film was produced by K Abdulla and was directed by Ismail Memon and Lukman Ahmed. The star cast included Jairaj, Noorjehan, Agha, Jillobai, Ghuilam Mohammed, Mukri etc. The film was released on August 29, 1946 at Majestic and other theatres in Bombay.

I am thankful to Vidur Sury for giving me permission to rip off this particular song from his combined audio clip of four songs which he had already uploaded on YT.


Song-Mori Bipat suno Girdhaari (Hamjoli)(1946) Singer-Roshan Ara Begam, Lyrics-Anjum Pilibhiti, MD-Hafiz Khan

Lyrics

bipat suno Giridhaari
mori bipat suno Giridhaari
aan padi hai aankhon se dhaari
aan padi hai aankhon se dhaari
bipat suno Giridhaari
mori bipat suno Giridhaari

vyaakul hoon main bin bhaiyyaa ke ae
vyaakul hoon main bin bhaiyyaa ke
chaandni jaise bin chandaa ke
chaandni jaise bin chandaa ke
kaun(?) bachaalo tum maiyya ke
kaun(?) bachaalo tum maiyya ke
duhaayi hai ab Krishna muraari
duhaayi hai ab Krishna muraari
bipat suno Giridhaari
mori bipat suno Giridhari

toote dilon ka tum ho sahaara
toote dilon ka tum ho sahaara
tum hi nahin to kaun hamaara
tum hi nahin to kaun hamaara
man mein kar do ab ujiyaara
man mein kar do ab ujiyaara
door ho saari dukh andhiyaari
door ho saari dukh andhiyaari
bipat suno Giridhaari
mori bipat suno Giridhaari

bansi baja ke munh darsaa do
bansi baja ke munh darsaa do
man murjhaaye phool khilaa do
man murjhaaye phool khilaa do
bhaiyyaa ko mere mujhse milaa do
bhaiyyaa ko mere mujhse milaa do
binti karoon main hey banwaari
binti karoon main hey banwaari
bipat suno Giridhaari
mori bipat suno Giridhaari


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

VINTAGE NAUSHAD……Song No.6
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Today’s song is a very sweet and melodious Bhajan from the film Namaste-1943. It is sung by Parul Ghosh and G M Durrani with chorus.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Bharat Upadhyay, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

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RaagaMaalas in Films – 18
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‘Raja aur Runk’ was a 1968 Bollywood film, produced by L V Prasad and directed by Kotayya Pratyagatma (K P Atma in short). It was an Indian adaptation of Mark Twain’s novel, ‘The Prince and the Pauper.’ Pdt Mukhram Sharma wrote the dailogs and lyrics were by Anand Bakshi set to music by the duo Laxmikant Shantaram Kudalkar and, Pyarelal Ramprasad Sharma (LP in short). The star cast included Sanjeev Kumar, Kumkum, Ajit, Mukri, Mohan Choti, Kamal Kapur, Mahesh Kothare, Nirupa Roy, Nazima, Aruna Rai, Bipin Gupta, Badri Prasad etc.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

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Songs to Tickle Your Memory – 8
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A voice that so effortlessly touched the depths of poignancy as no one else could. It was also the same voice that flitted with rapid rhythms to reach an apex exuberance. And in both flavors, this voice simply gets into the heart and the songs come so easily to the lips.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Izzat”(1937) was directed by Franz Osten for Bombay Talkies. The movie had Devika Rani and Ashok Kumar in lead roles. The movie also had Kamta Prasad, Fateh singh, M Nazir, Ahmad, Mumtaz Ali, K H Dharamsi, Vimla, P F Peethawala, N M Joshi, Ameer Ali, Suneeta Devi, Madhurika, Manohar Ghatwai, Chandraprabha etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Doosri Shaadi”(1947) was directed by Ram Daryani for Krishin Movietone, Bombay. The movie had Mumtaz Shanti, Kumar, Pramila, Ranjit Kumari, David, Gope, Maya Devi etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Kashinath”(1943) was directed by Nitin Bose for New Theatres, Calcutta. The movie had Asit Baran Mukherji, Sunanda Devi, Bharati Devi, Nawab, Nemo, Puttan, Dilip Bose, Manorama, Buddhadev, Latika Mullick, Bijoli, Jawed Hussain, Radharani, Biren Das etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Bharat Upadhyay, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

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Raaga Maala in Hindi Films – 17
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Not to be confused with the same name 1992 film, Shola Aur Shabnam is a 1961 film written and directed by Ramesh Saigal. It stars Dharmendra, Tarla Mehta, Abhi Bhattacharya, Vijayalakshmi and M. Rajan in pivotal roles. It was one of the very early films of Dharmendra.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Yesterday was another day with no posts in the blog. I began a long and gruelling return journey from early hours of yesterday and arrived back this morning, some 28 hours later. I was able to connect on the internet during this journey but I spent this time catching up with the pending housekeeping works of the blog instead of trying to discuss more songs which would have resulting in postponing the housekeeping works even further.
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This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today (22 september 2014) is the 23rd death anniversary of Durga Khote (14 January 1905-22 September 1991). Though she began playing the roles of leading lady in the beginning of her career, she soon began to get the roles of mother to several generations of actors.
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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where "new" songs are added every day, and that has been the case for more than six years. This blog has over 10700 song posts by now.

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