atul's bollywood song a day- with full lyrics

Archive for the ‘Semi Classical song’ Category


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Basics of music- Part I (Swar and Saptak)
—————————————–
In this blog, we have discussed over eleven thousand songs till now. When I use the word “discuss”, I mostly mean that we have provided lyrics of the song, provided the audio/video link of the song and mentioned the names of artists singing the song and performing in the picturisation. We sometimes discuss the movies and artists of these songs in detail.

Come to think of it, the song itself has many things in it that have rarely been touched upon in the blog. For instance, majority of HFM is based on Hindustani classical music. Many principles of classical music is followed in HFM even if they go unnoticed by most music lovers.

We will be able to appreciate HFM (or for that matter any music) if we are able to understand what goes behind the music. Music may be regarded as an art by laymen but it is based on scientific principles. Music is also noticed following mathematical laws.

I, in collaboration with other contributor(s) of the blog propose to start a series in the blog that will introduce us to the principles of music. In the beginning, we will introduce musical terms and explain what exactly they mean and how they lead to creation of music that pleases our senses. We will try to take many baby steps in this series in the beginning, because the concepts being discussed will take some time to sink for the beginners. Those who are interested in the subject are requested to give their feedback. Participation of readers will determine the course of this series which will take a lot out of us, but it is hoped that the end result will see us getting enriched a great deal, musically speaking, of course.

So, in this first part, I will explain some very basic and important terms, namely “swar” and “saptak” and what they mean. So here we go.

Assumption:-I assume that readers have some understanding of terms used in physics like say “frequency”, “pitch” etc. If required, we will explain these terms too, based on user feedback.

Question-What is a musical “note” ?
Answer- A musical note is a pitched sound, viz sound at a particular frequency.

Question-What is an octave ?
Answer- A range of notes where the higher note is of twice the frequency as compared to the lower note.

Let us understand the above statements with examples.

It has been noticed that human ear is capable of identifying at the most 22 notes in an octave. Theese 22 notes are called micronotes in Western classical terminology or “shruti” in Hindustani classical music terminology. Seven out of these 22 notes in an octave are considered musically significant and they have been called “swar” in Hindustani classical music. Since there are seven swar in an octave, the term coined for them is “saptak”, where “sapt”=seven. So, musically speaking an octave is the same as saptak and it contains the seven swars, as following:

Swar Full name Meaning of the term Inspiration from Abbreviation Remarks
Shadja Creator of six Inspired from cry of the peacock Sa This is an invariant swar (Achal Swar)and a reference point for other swars
Rishabh Rishabh means bull Inspired from sound of a bull Re Has two variations, viz Shuddh and Komal
Gandhaar Sweet fragrance Sound of a goat Ga Has two variations, viz Shuddh and Komal
Madhyam Middle one Sound of heron Ma Has two variations, viz Shuddh and Teevr
Pancham Fifth Sound of cuckoo Pa This is an invariant swar (Achal Swar)
Dhaiwat Sixth note Neighing sound of horse Dha Has two variations, viz Shuddh and Komal
Nishaad Seventh note Trumpeting sound of an elephant Ni Has two variations, viz Shuddh and Komal

The seven notes together are also described as “Sargam”, where the word sargam is an acronym contaning the first letters of the first four swars.

It must be kept in mind that four of the swars, viz. Re, Ga, Ma, Dha, Ni have one variant each- called komal for Re, Ga , Dha, Ni, and Teevr for Ma. So there are a total of 12 musical notes, though we still describe the sargam as consisting of saat swar only. Incidentally, the term “Sur” is same as “swar”

In a classical musical composition, the swars are sung in ascending order (called aaroh), followed by singing in descending order (called avroh).

Let us assume that the composition makes use of all the seven notes of the saptak (octave) in aaroh as well as avroh. Then the aaroh will go:
Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni Sa’ where each swar (note) is sung at an increasingly higher pitch compared to the previous swar till we arrive at the seventh and final swar Ni. The singer then goes higher and sings Sa’ which sounds the same as the first note Sa but it is at twice the frequency vis a vis the original swar Sa.
These swars, viz Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni Sa’ constitute an octave (Saptak). Typically a singer will most of the time operate in one octave. He would sing the aaroh in that saptak and they go down Sa’ Ni Dha Pa Ma Ga Re Sa by singing the avroh.
[Note- The convention followed here has Sa’ as twice the freqency of Sa, Re’ at twice th frequency of Re etc.]

Suppose that the singer, after reaching at Sa’, which is twice the frequency as the original Sa, keeps going at higher and higher frequencies, viz. Sa’ Re’ Ga’ Ma’, Pa’ Dha’, Ni’, Sa”. Then that will constitute another octave. The original octave is called mid octave (madhya saptak) while the higher octave is called taar saptak. Likewise the octave below the madhya saptak can be obtained if one goes down in frequency below the original Sa by singing awroh, viz. Sa ‘Ni ‘Dha ‘Pa ‘Ma ‘Ga ‘Re ‘Sa, where ‘Sa is half the frequency of Sa. This lower octave, one octave below the madhya saptak is called mandrak saptak.
[Note- The convention followed here has ‘Sa as half the freqency of Sa, ‘Re at half the frequency of Re etc.]

For the sake of illustration, let us say that the madhya saptak is between 240 hz to 480 hz where 240 Hz is Sa and 480 Hz is Sa’, then taar saptak will be between 480 hz to 960 hz whereas mandra saptak would be between 120 hz to 240 hz.

What about the frequencies of shuddha notes other than Sa in an octave ? They too bear some relation with each other. In madhya Saptak, if Sa is 240 hz and Sa’ is 480 hz, then Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni would be 270 Hz, 300 hz, 320 hz, 360 hz, 405 hz and 450 hz. Every note in the octave would be 1.5 times the frequency of the fifth note before it. Thus Pa (360 hz) will be 1.5 times Sa (240 hz), Dha (405 hz) will be 1.5 times Re (270 hz) etc. So one can say that the notes in an octave display the property of geometric progression. It must be kept in mind that we are talking about shudd swars. komal notes of Re Ga, Dha Ni would be of slightly lower frequency than the shuddh version whereas teevra Madhyam would be of slightly higher frequency than shudhh madhyam.

I will let the above information sink in for readers for whom this information is new. People who are familiar with the above concepts are requested to show patience because these concepts are fundamental concepts that must be understood properly before we move on to other concepts.

I have purposely avoided bringing in other musical terminologies in this discussion today. Their turn will come in subsequent discussions. For the time being, here is a song from “Jugnu”(1947). This song is based on a classical “raag”- a term that we will discuss in future.

The song is sung by Noorjahaan and it is picturised on her as well. Asghar Sarhadi is the lyricist. Music is composed by Feroz Nizami.

So enjoy this song, and also the article, and look forward to some “interesting” discussion on the nuts and bolts of music in the days to come. :)


Song-Hamen to shaam e gham mein kaatni hai zindagi apni (Jugnu)(1947) Singer-Noorjahaan, Lyrics-Asghar Sarhadi, MD-Feroz Nizami

Lyrics

(cough cough
cough cough)
hamen to shaam-e-gham mein kaatni hai zindagi apni
hamen to shaam-e-gham mein kaatni hai zindagi apni
jahaan wo hain wahin ae chaand le ja chaandni apni
jahaan wo hain wahin ae chaand le ja chaandni apni

agar kucchh thhi to bas ye thhi tamanna aakhri apni
agar kuch thhi to bas ye thhi tamanna aakhri apni
ke tum saahil pe hote aur kashti doobti apni
ke tum saahil pe hote aur kashti doobti apni
hamen to shaam-e-gham mein kaatni (cough cough
cough cough
cough cough
cough cough)

taqaaza hai yehi dil ka
wahin chaliye
wahin chaliye
taqaaza hai yehi dil ka
wahin chaliye
wahin chaliye
wo mehfil
haaye jis mehfil mein duniya lut gayi apni
wo mehfil
haaye jis mehfil mein duniya lut gayi apni
hamen to shaam-e-gham mein kaatni hai zindagi apni

khuda ke (cough cough)
khuda ke vaaste
zaalim ghadi bhar ke liye aa ja
ghadi bhar ke liye aa ja
bujhaani hai tere daaman pe shama-e zindagi apni
bujhaani hai tere daaman pe shama-e (cough cough
cough cough)
hamen to shaam-e-gham mein kaatni hai zindagi apni
hamen (cough cough cough cough
cough cough cough cough)


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Gawaiyya”(1954) is a forgotten movie and not much is known about it. This movie was directed by Seth Rambachan and workers. The movie had Surendra, Sulochana Chatterji, Vijayalaxmi, Sundar, Sapru, Heera Sawant, Kumkum etc in it. Here is what Mr Arunkumar Deshmukh, our beloved inhouse encyclopaedia, has to say about this movie:
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Songs have become an integral part of Hindi films since the advent of talkies in 1931. In the early 1930s, most of the Hindi film songs were influenced by the Hindustani classical ragas. This was understandable as most of the music directors of that period had exposure to Hindustani classical music. However, from the 1940s, songs based on semi-classical genres such as Thumri, Dadra, Khayal and folk music began to playe a predominant role in Hindi film music. The impact of Begum Akhtar on film music was evident as even ghazals were sung in thumri format in the films. At the same period, Kolkata based music directors were greatly influenced by Rabindra Sangeet while composing Hindi and Bengali film songs.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

DRISHTI (1990) was produced and directed by Govind Nihalani who was also the cinematographer of the film. The star cast included those actors who at that time, were usually associated with parallel cinema. Shekhar Kapoor and Dimple Kapadia were in the lead roles of husband and wife while Mita Vashisht and Vijay Kashyap were in the roles of another couple. Irfan Khan, Neena Gupta, Navneet Nishan and Tabassum Mansoori had small but important roles in the film. It is said that the film was a remake of a TV Series ‘Scenes from a Marriage’ (1973) directed by Ingmar Bergman. The film failed at the box office but was critically acclaimed. The film won the National Film Award for the best feature film in Hindi.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

CHANDAN KA PALNA (1967) was produced under the banner of Arzoo Films by Zaibunnisa Usman Ali and Khairunnisa Ismail Memon and was directed by Ismail Memon. Dhamendra and Meena Kumari were in lead roles supported by Mehmood, Mumtaz, Durga Khote, Dhumal, Nazir Hussain, Bipin Gupta, Shabnam, Mukri etc. In a way, the film was the home production of Mehmood. Producers Zaibunnisa Usman Ali was the wife of Mehmood’s younger brother Usman Ali while Khairunnisa Ismail Memon was his younger sister. The director of the film, Ismail Memon was his brother-in-law. Mehmood’s first wife Madhu was the sister of Meena Kumari.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Peevesie’s mom, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

There are few south Indian singers who made a mark for themselves in the world of Hindi film Music. I think Yesudas is one of them who was followed by SPB etc. I am a child as far as knowledge regarding earlier singers is concerned. I am sure there might have been others before Yesudas or Dassettan as we Keralites love to call him {a matter of convenience for me to call myself a Keralite as far as this allegiance to this singer is concerned otherwise I am a proud Mumbaikar ;-)} .
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

The voices that we hear most of the time are the usual well known voices that made their career singing in HFM. But sometimes we get to listen to voices who were basically classical singers and who were by and large disinclined to sing in movies. In some cases, they had to be cajoled and often paid unheard of amounts to convince then to sing a few songs in Hindi movies.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Bharat Upadhyay, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

====================
RaagaMaalas in Films – 18
====================

‘Raja aur Runk’ was a 1968 Bollywood film, produced by L V Prasad and directed by Kotayya Pratyagatma (K P Atma in short). It was an Indian adaptation of Mark Twain’s novel, ‘The Prince and the Pauper.’ Pdt Mukhram Sharma wrote the dailogs and lyrics were by Anand Bakshi set to music by the duo Laxmikant Shantaram Kudalkar and, Pyarelal Ramprasad Sharma (LP in short). The star cast included Sanjeev Kumar, Kumkum, Ajit, Mukri, Mohan Choti, Kamal Kapur, Mahesh Kothare, Nirupa Roy, Nazima, Aruna Rai, Bipin Gupta, Badri Prasad etc.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

The year is 1927 and the place is Tellipur in Nagpur city. A boy, aged about 7 year is headed for his home after his school closes for the day. On the way, heavy rains forces him to take the shelter below the staircase of a building. The rains continue and the boy starts singing. An elderly person comes down from the upper floor of the building and takes the boy to his room. He asks the boy to sing the songs again which he was singing a short while ago. He is impressed by the boy’s singing. The rains stop and he accompanies the boy to drop him at his home. The elderly person requests boy’s mother, a school teacher, to let the boy join his music school. Before he completes his sentence, the mother tells him that she had no money to pay the fees. He assures her that he would not charge any fee for his music lessons. The mother is still not comfortable about her son joining the music school. She tells him that she does not want the boy’s schooling to be affected. The elderly person once again assures her that he would teach the boy only after his school timing is over. At last the mother agrees for her son joining the music school. The son was Vasantrao Deshpande and the elderly person was Shankarrao Sapre who was a trained classical singer of Gwalior gharana. For young Vasantrao Deshpande, it was the most important rainy day as it changed the course of his life.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Khyati Bhatt, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

= = = = = = = = = = = = = = =
Atul Song-A-Day 10K Song Milestone Celebrations – 24
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

So, the countdown has already begun and now it’s time to celebrate one of the biggest milestone of this blog….10K songs. How appropriate it is to celebrate this special moment on it’s sixth b’day!! Celebration posts by many of you have already been posted on the blog and as all of you have said, I had also received Sudhirji’s request to send a special post to Atulji. Due to a family emergency, my post has been delayed and I apologize to Atulji for that. I am so privileged to be a part of this celebration and I am thankful to Atulji and Sudhirji for giving me this wonderful opportunity.
Read more on this topic…


Important Announcement

(© 2008 - 2015) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where "new" songs are added every day, and that has been the case for more than six years. This blog has over 11100 song posts by now.

Total number of songs discussed

11142

Number of movies (All songs covered)

667

Total visits so far

  • 6,849,816 hits

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 1,732 other followers

Bookmark

Bookmark and Share

Category of songs

Archives

Current Visitors

visitors whereabouts

blogadda

blogcatalog

Music Blogs - BlogCatalog Blog Directory

Stumble

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 1,732 other followers

%d bloggers like this: