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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

VINTAGE SHAMSHAD BEGUM…..Song No. – 9
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Today’s song is from the film Girls school-49. It is a duet sung by Shamshad Begum and Chitalkar.

While Naushad Ali created soulful, joyful and thoughtful music with Shamshad Begum towards the end of the 40s and early 50s, it was C Ramchandra who created jumping, natkhat, humorous and bouncy songs with Shamshad during the same period. Surprisingly, Shamshad was able to do justice to both types of songs. However, I personally feel that she was more suited for the songs composed by C Ramchandra. The pitch of her voice suited this type of music more than the serene, Raaga based songs. As Shamshad was not trained in classical music, she felt that she was valued less than Lata. In those days, when Shamshad realised that she was slowly but steadily and surely losing ground and composers, who favoured her in the past were abandoning her and prefering Lata, someone advised her to learn Classical music. She quietly started her training.

This news somehow reached her original Mentor Ghulam Haider in Lahore and he wrote to her from Lahore, “what is this that I hear? You are learning classical music now ? Don’t be a fool. Your singing style is different you don’t require this to do.” After getting this letter, Shamshad Begum stopped her attempts of learning Classical music to compete with Lata.

As such she was never a fighter. It was not her nature. Her needs too were limited. She had only one daughter, who like her mother, married a Kashmiri Hindu boy and was very happy. Her family restrained her from doing what she was not capable of and thus quietly, by the early 70s, she laid down her weapons and disappeared from the show world. She had no friends in the industry and she had kept away from the Print media. She did not give interviews easily. Additionally, due to her Son in Law’s frequent transfers, she moved from place to place. No one knew where she was at any given time. So much so that people living in her own building did not know that one of the great singers of the ‘Golden Era’ was living in their own building ! That is the reason that when Noorjahaan came to India in 1982 or thereabouts, Shamshad Begum never knew about it and no one contacted her because her whereabouts were not known to anyone. Shamshad regretted missing meeting Noorjehan at that time.

The Film Girls school-49 has a very interesting History.( I hope shri Raja Swaminathan ji will read this article.)

As we know the film had 9 songs and there were two Music Directors-Anil Biswas and C Ramchandra (4 and 5 songs each).

This film was produced by Kavi Pradeep under the banner of Lokmanya Productions, Bombay. This was a company floated by him and Amiya Chakrawarty-director of this film. To understand the complexiities of Girls school, we must go back a little. In 1942, Anil Biswas was invited by Ranjit at a salary of Rs. 1500/ per month and by Bombay Talkies at a salary of Rs 2500/ per month. As National studio was winding up, Anil Biswas wanted to make a change anyway, but due to the contract of national he could not join Bombay Talkies openly. He, however, gave music to the film Basant-42 and name of his brother in Law, Pannalal Ghosh was used as its Music Director.

Finally when Anil Biswas joined Bombay Talkies, there were already two groups there. One was led by Devika Rani and Amiya Chakraborty and the other was led by S. Mukherjee along with Ashok Kumar, Gyan Mukherjee, Pradeep etc-a total of 15 artistes. Anil Biswas was invited by Devika Rani and that too at a salary of Rs. 2500/ per month, when Pradeep was getting Rs 1500 per month. This irritated Pradeep no end and he started troubling and finding faults with Anil Biswas. However Anil Biswas gave excellent music in the film Kismet and then everyone was happy as the film celebrated jubilees everywhere.

With this back ground, Anil Biswas joined Girls school as a Music Director, mainly due to Amiya who knew his calibre. Kavi Pradeep being a producer and a Lyricist started interfering with Anil Biswas’s work and criticising him at every opportunity. Anil Biswas was fed up. He had already recorded three songs and a solo by Lata , ” tum hi kaho, mera man udas kyun na rahe” was to be recorded. Anil Biswas had taken C Ramchandra as his assistant for this film. Though C Ramchandra was already a popular and wellknown composer himself independently, still he had accepted to be his assistant here due to his respect for Anil Biswas. When the tune for Lata’s solo was made, Pradeep passed caustic remarks about it being not so good. There was an altercation between Anil Biswas and Pradeep and Biswas quit then and there and went away.

C Ramchandra had to take over as the Music Director for the balance songs of the movie. Pradeep was very happy. Next day recording of Lata’s solo song took place under the supervision of C Ramchandra, as planned. Later when Lata came to know that Anil Biswas has left and C Ramchandra had replaced him, she was very angry and said that she would not have recorded the song had she known about Anil Biswas’s exit. She objected to C Ramchandra taking over as the music direction and complained about it in the Artists association too. (Remember that Lata and C Ramchandra’s relations had not formed yet and Lata was still with Husnlal at that time.)

Later on in 1954, when O P Nayyar replaced Roshan for Mehboob, Lata took up the issue with the Music Directors’ association. Anil Biswas was the chairman at that time and O P Nayyar was boycotted. At that time Lata quoted Girls school incident to prove that she was “highly Principled” on such matters!

Anyway, that was how C Ramchandra became the Music Director of Girls school-49 and he composed 4 duets of Shamshad and 1 solo of Lalita Deulkar in this movie. All the four duets of this pair are very interesting. However, with all this jhamelas, film Girls school was a total Flop. Pradeep lost heavily and closed the production company forthwith, after just this one film.

Girls school-49 had Geeta Bali and Sohan in the Lead with Shashikala, Sajjan, Vimal Vashishtha, Mangla,Ramsingh etc. I have not seen this film but the story of this film was..

Rural drama about Meena (Bali) who leaves home rather than submit to an arranged marriage and starts a girls school in a village, although opposed by the local zamindar. The zamindars brother-in-law Bipin (Sajjan), who lusts after Meena, is the villain. The hero (Sohan) appears in answer to an advertisement for a schoolteacher and is appointed only because Meena mistakes his name – Shanti Kumar Majumdar for that of a woman. The zamindar’s widowed sister Sumitradevi, a supporter of the school, objects because he is not married. Meena and Shanti Kumar fall in love but realises the damage he may cause to her school and leaves. Bipin then spreads rumours about Shanti Kumar morals, which causes further difficulties that have to be resolved before both the future of the school and of the loving couple could be assured.

Let us now listen to this Historical song from Girls school….

(Information used in this article is from books Sagar Movietone, Journey down melody lane and Ritu aaye Ritu jaaye, with thanks)


Song-O shahar ke baanke baaboo zara dil pe rakhiyo qaaboo (Girls School)(1949) Singers-Shamshad Begam, C Ramchandra, Lyrics-Pradeep, MD-C Ramchandra

Lyrics

o o o
o sheher ke baanke baaboo
zara dil pe rakhiyo qaaboo
tum kisi paraaye gaaon mein
zara sambhal ke jaana jee
zara sambhal ke jaana jee
o baaboo

o gaaon ki gori gori gudiya
tu hai aafat ki pudiya
aji ham pardesi log
hamen na hansna sataana jee

zara sambhal ke jaana jee
o baaboo

ek baat mere kaan mein keh do
baaboo karoon salaam
ek baat mere kaan mein keh do
baaboo karoon salaam
jinke ghar pe tu jaa rahe ae
unka kya hai naam
arri ham to yahaan paraaye
ek naye mulk mein aaye
ham na jaane koi naam dhhaam
na pata thhikaana jee

zara sambhal ke jaana jee
o baaboo

tum bina jaan pehchaan
mat hona kahin mehmaan
aji mat hona kahin mehmaan
phande mein kisi ke phanse to laala
ho jaaoge hairaan
phande mein kisi ke phansen
to laala ho jaaoge hairaan
hai naari yahaan ki chulbul
tum ko na bana le bulbul
yahaan tirchhi nazar waalon ka hai
ghar ghar mein aana jee
zara sambhal ke jaana jee
o baaboo

dil kaaboo mein rakhna
ari dil kaaboo mein rakhna
mere baayen haath ka khel
mere baayen haath ka khel
kabhi nahin niklega dekho
is reti se tel
o gori
is reti se tel

aji pata chalega
pata chalega
jab hoga meethhi chhuriyon se mel
jab jaadoo ke teer chalenge
jab jaadoo ke teer chalenge
tum na sakoge laala jhel
haaan
tum na sakoge laala jhel
pal bhar mein
pal bhar mein
ban jaaoge teeron ka nishaana jee
zara sambhal ke jaana jee
o baaboo


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Ham Ek Hain” (1946) was a Prabhat Film Company Limited Production. It was directed by P L Santoshi.

This movie was the debut movie of Dev Anand, Rehman, Rane, Rehana and Kamla Kotnis. Today this movie is known for Dev Anand, but he had only played a smaller role. The biggest name of this movie at that time was Durga Khote, who played the matriarch who, in addition to her own son (played by Dev Anand) adopts boys of different religions as well as a girl of the lower caste and brings them up as her own kids. It is easy to guess that this movie was the inspiration behind lots of subsequent movies espousing the theme of unity in diversity. The name of “Amar Akbar anthony” (1977) readily comes to mind.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

VINTAGE SHAMSHAD BEGUM…..Song No.-8
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Today’s song is a Quartet of Shamshad begum with Lata, Chitalkar and Rafi, from the film-Roshni-1949.
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This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

It was produced by P L Santoshi under the banner of ARVIND AND ANAND FILMS, BOMBAY. This movie had Rehana, Jawahar Kaul, Mumtaz Ali, Radha Kishan, Tiwari, Ram Singh, Srinath, Baba Raja, Abbas Rizvi, Harun, Deshraj, Shanta Kunwar, Indira, Neelam, Mona, Kamal Rani, Usha, Chanchal Kumari, Kalpana, V H Desai, Leela Mishra etc in it.
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This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

He was a freedom fighter, a revolutionary, a journalist, a parliamentarian and a poet. He was associated with Indian National Congress, Communist Party of India and later Indian Muslim League. Bal Gangadhar Tilak was his mentor. He was the man behind coining the slogan ‘Inquilab Zindabad’. He was a member of Constituent Assembly for drafting the constitution of independent India. He was a devoutly muslim who made his annual pilgrimage to Mecca. But he also made it a point to visit Mathura on Krishna Janmashtmi day. He described himself as:

darwesh o inquilab maslak hai mera
Sufi Momin hoon and ishtiraaki muslim

(I have chosen a path of asceticism and revolution. I am a Sufi Momin and a socialist Muslim).

He was Maulana Hasrat Mohani.
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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

VINTAGE SHAMSHAD BEGUM…..Song No- 5
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1947 was an important year not only for the Nation, but also for the Film industry that sadly said ‘Good Bye’ to many of its popular Muslim artistes, who chose to migrate to the new nation PAKISTAN, created on the basis of Religion. The departure of many talented and popular, successful artistes and technicians was an immediate blow to the film industry, but the void thus created was soon filled up with its own personnel ‘waiting in the wings’ to take over. India never had a shortage of talented people, but it was Pakistan, who faced problems in establishing its New Film Industry. Their major problem was shortage of Financiers and Producers-who were mostly Hindus and who either shifted to India or got killed in the riots and their studios were burnt down by the rioters.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

MISSING GEMS FROM THE GOLDEN 50s…..Song No- 17
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Today’s song is from the film Sarhad-1960.

We now enter the the final year of the 50’s decade,into the year 1960. This was an year full of interesting films in different genres. The most important event of the year,of course, was the release of the monumental film “Mughal-E- Azam “.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Jurmaana”(1979) was directed by Hrishikesh Mukherji for Shri Loknath Chitra Mandir, Bombay. The movie had Rakhi, Amitabh Bachchan, Vinod Mehra, Shreeram Laagoo, Asrani, Farida Jalal, A K Hangal, Manju Bansal, Asit Sen, Brahm Bhardwaj, Yunus Parwez, Meenakshi Anand, Moolchand, Ranjeet Sood, Samar Roy, Keshto Mukherji, Raj Verma, Tarachand Verma, Jagjeet, Gopi Chakraborty etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Shaan”(1980) was produced by G P Sippy and directed by Ramesh Sippy. This was the same production house which had written history with their previous movie, viz. “Sholay”(1975). The makers of this movie wanted this movie to be as grand as “Sholay”(1975).
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This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Girl Friend”(1960) was directed by Satyen Bose for Basu Chitra Mandir, Bombay and it had Kishore Kumar, Waheeda Rehman, Bipin Gupta, Nazeer Hussain, Leela Mishra, Jagdev, Dhumal, Gautam, Keshto, Master Anwar, Daisy Irani etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where "new" songs are added every day, and that has been the case for more than six years. This blog has over 11100 song posts by now.

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