Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Jhanda ooncha rahe hamaara

Posted on: January 26, 2013


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. With this, he completes 50 writeups in this blog

HAPPY REPUBLIC DAY to all readers.

India became Independent in 1947 from British rule. Till that time, Patriotism and its open expression was considered as acts against the British Government and was a punishable crime. However,India , with a history of strong patriotism did not keep quiet. The Indian film industry also did not lag behind in this.

There were patriotic songs in films, patriotic themes and Patriotic dialogues too, but all this was under disguise or symbolic or in double meaning, to escape the wrath of the then Government.

Many songs praising India, its culture etc. were woven into the films to convey messages of patriotism. The first such attempt was made as soon as films became Talkie. Our National Anthem ” Jan gana man ” was used as a song in as early a film as “Insaan ya Shaitan”-1933.

Ajanta cinetone made a film Mazdoor in 1934, based on the patriotic theme story by Munshi Premchand, but it was banned by the Government. The film was re-released in 1936 with another name, but then also it was banned (By the way, this made the producer Mohan Bhavnani bancrupt and Ajanta cinetone closed down).

There were patriotic songs in films like, Balidan, Kunwari ya widhawa, Desh Deepak (all 1935), Jay Bharat-36, Duniya na maane-37, Lutaru Lalna-38 and in 1939 films like Kangan, Comrades, Punjab mail, Imperial Mail, and Watan ke liye had songs about India and independence. In 1940, Bandhan had a song-Chal chal re Naujawan. In 1942, C.Ramchandra,in his first film as a Music Director, ‘Sukhi jivan’ had the famous song,’ Saare jahan se achha Hindostan hamara’. In 1943, Kavi Pradeep wrote ‘ Door hato aye duniyawalon’ and then had to go underground to evade arrest by the British government.

So, one finds that films also had played a part in struggle for independence in keeping the flame of patriotism burning.

During this period, there was one Music Director who was a staunch nationalist and an advocate of Hindu-Muslim Unity. His name was MASTER MOHAMMED.

Master Mohammed started his career as an actor and composer in Krishnatone’s ” Harishchandra”-1931-one of the earliest Talkie film in the first year itself. He composed 20 songs in ” Seeta swayamvar”-1933. In the same year he acted and composed music in India’s First Talkie Fantasy film “Lal E Yaman”-33. He used to sing songs in his films. He was Music Directors of many films of Fearless Nadia, from her First big film ” Hunterwali ” -1935 to ” Sher E Baghdad”-46. He gave music in 25 films and sang in 20 films.

His speciality was patriotic songs in his films. Some of his famous songs were, Hum watan ke-jai Bharat-36 and Jhanda ooncha rahe hamara-Lutaru lalna-38. Another song from this film ‘Jagat ka sapna” was based on Hindu-Muslim Unity. There used to be a patriotic song in every movie of his..

His last film was ” Flying Prince “-1946.

Though he gave music influenced by Parsi Theatre, his name will be remembered in HFM history as a composer for patriotic and Hindu-Muslim Unity songs.

Today’s our patriotic song is from LUTARU LALNA-1938. This was a Fearless Nadia film. Few lines about this swashbuclkling heroine of the yesteryears…….

In the 1930s when the silent era was giving way to the Talkie films, there appeared on Hindi Film screens a dashing young woman who ruled over men and told them ” dont ever take women for granted. If the nation is to be freed,the women have to be freed first ” (dialogue from Diamond Queen-1940).

Mary Evans (Fearless Nadia’s real name), a devout catholic was born on 8-1-1908 to a Scotish father and a Greek mother. Father,a British Army soldier was based in Elephanta caves in Bombay. She wanted to be a singer and a dancer. She learnt dancing from father and singing from mother. She sang in the local church choirs on Sundays. In 1915, when her father died in WW I action, they shifted to first Peshawar and then settled in Bombay. She joined a dancing troupe.

One Mr. Eruch Kanga, owner of Lahore cinema saw her performance in the troupe and told the Wadia Brothers, who were looking for a Heroine. They called her for interview. After seeing her, the brothers realised the difficulty in making a white woman a Heroine in Hindi films. In the interview JBH wadia said, “I have never heard about you before. ” she sprightly retorted,” I too had not heard your names till today morning”. The brothers were impressed and she was appointed in Wadia Movietone. To test her, she was given small roles in films which were in the making, like Lal e yaman and Noor e yaman, while she studied for speaking Hindi.

She was launched with ” HUNTERWALI-1935″ ,a dramatic story of a Princess trying to rescue her kidnapped father and salvage his Empire. It was an unconventional role and a new subject for Indian audience.

The film opened in Super cinema on Lamington road, Bombay and instantly became a great Hit. It was like a revolution. Audience was thrilled to see a white woman, donning mask and cracking whip at her tormentors. They were awed, happy and mesmerised, wanting more of it .She was named NADIA based on an Astrologer’s advise. They added FEARLESS for her in the ads.

HUNTERWALI was only a prelude to a remarkable career. Encouraged by the success of Hunterwali, films were made on the cause of social injustice, women’s emancipation, corruption, Land grabbing and Exploitation of the poor. She always played roles like King Arthur and Robin Hood.

Her films had a set of characters. There was her pet Horse-Punjab ka Beta, Gunboat the Dog and her jalopy was called Rolls Royce ki beti (later when Homi Bhabha started Basant Pictures with her, there was Horse Rajpoot, Dog Moti and the car- Austin ki Bachhi). In her films, usually the villain was Sayani (his stock line was ” Dekha Jaayega”), John Cawas and Boman Shroff- the heavyweight Bodybuilders.

Her stunts became more dangerous and death defying with every film. She did all her stunts herself, breaking bones many times in this.

From 1933 to 1968 she did about 40 films. Her name in many films (starting with Hunterwali) was Madhuri.

She had married and divorced early and also had a son. Later she was in love with Homi Wadia, but could not marry him due to the opposition of his mother. They married in 1961 after his mother died. She was 53 years old by then.

In her last days she was frequently seen in the lanes of Colaba in Bombay ,taking her dogs for walks.

I remember going to Colaba, with a friend,only to see her in the early 80s.

In 1993, her great grand nephew Riyad Vinci Wadia made a documentary on her, in which she had appeared.

She died peacefully on 9-1-1996.

During my teens, I was very curious about Nadia’s films. These were very difficult to get to see. In Hyderabad those days, there was a theatre named Taj, in the old Hyderabad city area. This was known for showing only stunt and C grade films. The theatre was also in a condition justifying its shows. However I had kept a watch and luckily it started showing some of her old films. Thus I was able to see 4-5 films of Fearless Nadia, in the early 50s. That was the last time any of her films were screened anywhere to my knowledge. One of those films was LUTARU LALNA-1938. The print was horrible , but was fair enough to give a kick to the audience to shout loudly encouraging Nadia to beat the villain’s goons and then clapping and whistling shrilly.

Those days, just outside the Theatre, there were some stalls on the footpath selling booklets of the films and songs. After seeing the film, I used to buy those booklets to know who acted in which role.

Unfortunately all those booklets of old and rare films, numbering about a few hundreds were lost during my transfers to various places and thus a treasure was lost for ever. It was my habit to make notes about the film, which helped me in later years to compensate for the loss of the booklets. Over so many years,the notes had also become tatterered, torn and some were affected with white ants due to Bombay’s humid weather and had to be thrown away, but not before I copied some of them.

Here is the storyline of LUTARU LALNA-1938….

Princess Indira ( Nadiya) of Ramnagar is sent abroad for education. When she comes back, she finds her father dead and her prime Minister Durjan Singh (Sayani) managing the kingdom on her behalf. His younger brother Randhir (Boman Shroff) is her childhood playmate and they still have delicate feelings with each other. Randhir is the Army chief. Indira is happy that the things are managed by Durjan singh and spends her time in enjoying life.

In her kingdom, there is a saint Saibaba (Sardar Mansoor) who works for the poor with the help of his daughter Vimala ( Sarita). One day Vimla and some of her workers come to the palace and complain to her that Durjan Singh is perpetrating lot of unjustified torture on the poor labourers and farmers. His men torment them and take away their produce without payment etc etc. While these complaints are made to Indira, Durjan comes there and throws all people away scolding them for telling lies to the Princess. Seeing this, Randhir is hurt and decides to leave the job of Commander of Army and devote his services for the poor, along with Saibaba. he goes away.

That night Indira is disturbed and decides to find out the truth. Soon she comes to know that Durjan and his chief right Hand Teesmaar Khan (Sayani) really torture the poor, loot their money and make merry. Indira decides to correct the situation by becoming LUTARU LALNA in disguise, and teach a lesson to Durjan and Tismarkhan.

She dons a mask,rides the horse ” Punjab ka Beta” owned by one Mithoo Miyan and moves among the poor people helping them and punishing and fighting with Durjan’s evil men. She makes friendship with Bhanoo and Nanoo, brothers,who own a car called ” Rolls Royce ki Beti” and uses that car for chasing the crooks. Soon she becomes famous among the people and Durjan is after her to capture her.

Finally she arrests Durjan and Teesmaar Khan, ties them and drags them behind the car so that people know that Justice has been done.

Durjan and Teesmaar Khan are put behind bar. Randhir comes back and Indira and Randhir marry.

Usually in almost all films of Nadia, the stories were on these lines. People didn’t care. They were eager to see her stunts and she gave them these in eyeful too. Some of the stunts she did were so dangerous that one may think that they were trick scenes, but in reality Nadia was called Fearless not for nothing. These were done by herself.

With the exit of Fearless Nadia, a glorious chapter of stunt films came to a close.

Here is a song ” Jug Jug chamke Hind ka Taara, Jhanda ooncha rahe hamara…” a patriotic song sung by Sarita Devi and chorus.The Lyricist was Pt. Gyan and MD was Master Mohammed.


Song-Jhanda ooncha rahe hamaara (Lutaru Lalna)(1938) Singer-Sarita Devi, Lyrics-Pt Gyan, MD-Master Mohammed

Lyrics

jhanda ooncha rahe hamaara
jhanda ooncha rahe hamaara
jug jug chamke Hind ka taara
jug jug chamke Hind ka taara
jhanda oonchaa rahe hamaara
jhanda oonchaa rahe hamaara
jug jug chamke Hind ka taara
jug jug chamke Hind ka taara
jhanda oonchaa rahe hamaara
jhanda oonchaa rahe hamaara
bharat ka sartaj tiranga
shaan hamaari jhanda hai
bharat ka sartaj tiranga
shaan hamaari jhanda hai
rang barangi desh dulaara
rang barangi desh dulaara
jhanda oonchaa rahe hamaara
jhanda oonchaa rahe hamaara
sar ko jhukaaye ??
aan hamaari jhanda hai
sar ko jhukaaye ??
aan hamaari jhanda hai
marna iska farz hamaara
marna iska farz hamaara
jhanda oonchaa rahe hamaara
jhanda oonchaa rahe hamaara
tan man dhan qurbaan hain ispar
shaan hamaari jhanda hai
tan man dhan qurbaan hain ispar
shaan hamaari jhanda hai
rahe mata pitaa ??
rahe mata pitaa ??
jhanda oonchaa rahe hamaara
jhanda oonchaa rahe hamaara
jug jug chamke Hind ka taara
jug jug chamke Hind ka taara
jhanda oonchaa rahe hamaara
jhanda oonchaa rahe hamaara

10 Responses to "Jhanda ooncha rahe hamaara"

Hats off to Arunkumar for such an informative intro to this song. I knew the song, at least the referain, and heard it on many an ooccasion. But I never knew which movie it is from. Nadia of Wadia films was also a well-known phrase.

I too bought those song books when I was growing up in Secunderabad, in the 50’s. Usually a book had songs from three movies, perhaps one or two telugu, and the two or one of Hindi movies.

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in the line rahE mAtA ….
is it – rahE mAtA pitA sE pyArA -?

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Excellent article.
However address of Super Cinema Talkies(and also Novelty Cinema) is Patthe Bapurao Marg, Bharat Nagar, Kamathipura, Grant Road (East). Its on the road adjacent to Lamington Road.
On Lamington Road there are Swastik, Imperial, Naaz

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Nitin ji,
Old Bombay maps show the entire double stretch as Lamington Road.I am sure,later on,when this fad of naming streets for local heroes became in excess,this part must have been renamed by enthusiasts. Even Lamington road is now called something else.
-AD

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Sir,Like you previous articles,it is also well researched one.It seems that due to typographical error Wadia has been written as Bhabha at places,which may kindly be corrected.

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Thanks for bringing it to the notice.

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Atul ji,

kindly make corrections.At 2 places Homi Wadia has been written as Homi Bhabha and at one place name of the great grand son is also as Bhabha,which should be Wadia.
Thanks.

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Sir, thanks for this informative article and also information on Master Mohammed and Fearless Nadia (i had heard about this film – ‘hunterwaali’ in my Father’s discussion on films).
and thanks for this rare patriotic song !!!

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i think the song booklets were there till end seventies, as i do also purchase them then at Akola (CP & Berar circuit) where watching films was really enjoying and theatres were also good.

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I think I have never heard this version. don’t know how i missed it in 2013.
I find that the tune has remained the same over the years. But this version has different words

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