Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Jaago hey jaago jaago hey mahaakaal

Posted on: November 14, 2013


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This is his 200th article in the blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

This is the 10th and the Last song in the series ” The Great Souls of India”. This song is by Mohd. Rafi from the film- Jagadgura Shankaracharya-1955.

” Yada yada hi dharmasya glanirbhavati Bharat….” so said Lord Shrikrishna in Bhagwadgeeta. In simpler words, Hemant kumar sang in Prabhu ki Maya-55…”Jab jab hota nash dharam ka aur paap badh jaata hai,tab letey Avatar Prabhu,Yeh Vishva shanti paata hai”.

Whenever there are conditions in Bharatvarsha, amounting to religious chaos, destruction of the virtuous and increase in religious atrocities, God has promissed to help the Mankind in restoring and reestablishing the Dharma Raj. Here the word DHARMA does not connote RELIGION, but here it means Duties, as in RAJDHARMA-which means the right duties of a King. Every person has duties towards his family,Society and his country. for example a king has a duty to be honest and just and protect his subjects,even at the cost of his life. But when the King starts fulfilling his own desires at the cost of his subjects, it is Adharma.

In the 8th and 9th century such conditions prevailed in India. Chaos pervaded all through in the matters of Religion and philosophy. Sects after sects were springing up everywhere and number of Religions went up as high as 72. There were fights among sects. There was no peace anywhere.Chaos and confusion reigned supreme. There was superstition and bigotry. Darkness prevailed over the land of Rishis and Sages.

In such conditions was born the Greatest of the advocates of Vedic Dharma and Advaitism- Adi Shankaracharya. It was as if God had deputed one of his assistants to set things right in India. The existence of Vedic Dharma in India today is due to Shankara. The forces opposed to vedic religion were numerous and powerful in those days than today.Still, single handedly, and within a short life span of just 32 years, Shankara overpowered them all and restored the Vedic Dharma and Advait vedant to its pristine Glory and purity.

The weapons he used was only Knowledge and spirituality. The previous Avatars like Rama and Krishna used physical force as opposition to vedic Dharma in those days was by physical obstruction and molestations by Asuras.

In Kaliyug, the obstacles are more Internal than External, more Mental than Physical. The seeds of Adharma were in minds, so a weapon of Knowledge and self purification was necessary. For this purpose Sankara took birth inn Brahmin varna and entered Sanyasashram early in life. Previous Avatars like Rama and Krishna were Kshatriyas, as they had to wield military weapons to restore Dharma.

Shankara was born in Kaladi in present day central Kerala, the ancient Tamil kingdom of the Cheras. According to lore, it was after his parents, who had been childless for many years, prayed at the Vadakkunnathan temple, Thrissur, that Shiva appeared to both husband and wife in their dreams, and offered them a choice: a mediocre son who would live a long life, or an extraordinary son who would not live long. Both the parents chose the latter; thus a son was born to them. He was named Shankara (Sanskrit, “bestower of happiness”), in honour of Shiva (one of whose epithets is Shankara). His father died while Shankara was very young. Shankara’s upanayanam., the initiation into student-life, had to be delayed due to the death of his father, and was then performed by his mother. As a child, Shankara showed remarkable scholarship, mastering the four Vedas by the age of eight.

At the age of 8, Shankara was inclined towards sannyasa, but it was only after much persuasion that his mother finally gave her consent.Shankara then left Kerala and travelled towards North India in search of a guru. On the banks of the Narmada River, he metGovinda Bhagavatpada the disciple of Gaudapada at Omkareshwar. When Govinda Bhagavatpada asked Shankara’s identity, he replied with anextempore verse that brought out the Advaita Vedanta philosophy. Govinda Bhagavatapada was impressed and took Shankara as his disciple.
The guru instructed Shankara to write a commentary on the Brahma Sutras and propagate the Advaita philosophy. Shankara travelled to Kashi, where a young man named Sanandana, hailing from Chola territory in South India, became his first disciple. According to legend, while on his way to theVishwanath Temple, an untouchable accompanied by four dogs came in the way of Sankara. When asked to move aside by Shankara’s disciples, the untouchable replied: “Do you wish that I move my ever lasting Atman (“the Self”), or this body made of flesh?” Realizing that the untouchable was none other than god Shiva himself, and his dogs the four Vedas, Shankara prostrated himself before him, composing five shlokas known as Manisha Panchakam.

At Badari he wrote his famous Bhashyas (“commentaries”) and Prakarana granthas (“philosophical treatises”).
One of the most famous debates of Adi Shankara was with the ritualist Ma??ana Misra

After debating for over fifteen days, with Ma??ana Misra’s wife Ubhaya Bharati acting as referee, Ma??ana Misra accepted defeat.Finally, he answered all questions put to him by Ubhaya Bharati; and she allowed Ma??ana Misra to accept sannyasawith the monastic name Suresvaracarya, as per the agreed-upon rules of the debate.

Adi Shankara then travelled with his disciples to Maharashtra and Srisailam. In Srisailam, he composed Shivanandalahari, a devotional hymn in praise of Shiva. The Madhaviya Shankaravijayam says that when Shankara was about to be sacrificed by a Kapalika, the god Narasimha appeared to save Shankara in response to Padmapadacharya’s prayer to him. As a result, Adi Shankara composed the Laksmi-Narasimha stotra.[29]

He then travelled to Gokarna, the temple of Hari-Shankara and the Mukambika temple at Kollur. At Kollur, he accepted as his disciple a boy believed to be dumb by his parents. He gave him the name, Hastamalakacarya (“one with the amalaka fruit on his palm”, i.e., one who has clearly realised the Self). Next, he visited sringeri to establish the Sarada Pitham and made Suresvaracarya his disciple.

After this, Adi Shankara began a Dig-vijaya “tour of conquest” for the propagation of the Advaita philosophy by controverting all philosophies opposed to it. He travelled throughout India, from South India to Kashmir and Nepal, preaching to the local populace and debating philosophy with Hindu, Buddhist and other scholars and monks along the way.

With the Malayali King Sudhanva as companion, Shankara passed through Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Vidarbha. He then started towardsKarnataka where he encountered a band of armed Kapalikas. King Sudhanva, with his Nairs, resisted and defeated the Kapalikas. They safely reachedGokarna where Shankara defeated in debate the Shaiva scholar, Neelakanta.
Proceeding to Saurashtra (the ancient Kambhoja) and having visited the shrines of Girnar, Somnath and Prabhasa and explaining the superiority of Vedanta in all these places, he arrived at Dwarka. Bha??a Bhaskara of Ujjayini, the proponent of Bhedabeda philosophy, was humbled. All the scholars of Ujjayini (also known as Avanti) accepted Adi Shankara’s philosophy.

He then defeated the Jainas in philosophical debates at a place called Bahlika. Thereafter, the Acharya established his victory over several philosophers and ascetics in Kamboja (region of North Kashmir), Darada and many regions situated in the desert and crossing mighty peaks, entered Kashmir. Later, he had an encounter with a tantrik, Navagupta at Kamarupa.

Adi Shankara visited Sarvajñapitha (Sharada Peeth) in Kashmir (now in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir). The Madhaviya Shankaravijayam states thistemple had four doors for scholars from the four cardinal directions. The southern door (representing South India) had never been opened, indicating that no scholar from South India had entered the Sarvajna Pitha. Adi Shankara opened the southern door by defeating in debate all the scholars there in all the various scholastic disciplines such as Mimamsa, Vedanta and other branches of Hindu philosophy; he ascended the throne of Transcendent wisdom of that temple.

Towards the end of his life, Adi Shankara travelled to the Himalayan area of Kedarnath- Badrinath and attained videha mukti (“freedom from embodiment”). There is a samadhi mandir dedicated to Adi Shankara behind the Kedarnath temple. However, there are variant traditions on the location of his last days. One tradition, expounded by Keraliya Shankaravijaya, places his place of mahasamadhi (leaving the body) as Vadakkunnathan temple in Thrissur, Kerala.[34] The followers of the Kanchi kamakoti pitha claim that he ascended the Sarvajñapi?ha and attained videha mukti in Kanchipuram (Tamil Nadu). (Bio adapted from wiki,with thanks).

Film JAGADGURU SHANKARACHARYA-1955 was a Celestial pictures, Bombay presentation,directed by S.Fatelal (of Prabhat film fame). The music was by Avinash Vyas with assistant Sanmukh babu Upadhyaya. there were 9 melodious songs by Rafi, Manna Dey, Hemant kumar,Geeta Dutt, Asha and Lata. The cast was Abhi Bhattacharya, Sulochana Chatterjee, Ramesh Sinha, Baby Nanda etc etc. The story was-

Shankara was born in a Brahmin family in the village of Kalti in Malabar. Before he was eight, Shankara completed the study of the Vedas and the Shastras! After leaving the Gurukul, Shankara found that all around him was spread the heresy and hypocrisy in the grab of religion! Shankara vowed to destroy the heresy and hypocrisy and to receive the ancient vedic religion. These revolutionary ideas of Shankara frighten his mother Sati, and to bring him to his senses, she decided to get him married. For the wedding he started to go across the Purna river with her son. What Divine intervention, what miracles forced the mother to give her unwilling permission to her son to become a Sanyasin, you will see on the screen! She wept and she sobbed, but Shankara was firm and the delicate child of eight left his mother for the good of Humanity.

Facing innumerable dangers of the way he reached Narmada followed by an immense flood treating to wash away even the Ashram of the Guru Govindpada. Shankara prays to mother Narmada, and the flood goes down, Guru Govindpada then ordains him a sanyasin, teaches the 8 sidhis and sends him out! Watch the miracle shankara performs in the religious Conference in Benares, and proved Gods existence.

For years he stayed in the Vyas-Gupha at Badri Narayan and wrote those wonderful books which have made him one of the foremost philosophers of the world! An additional 16 years lease of life is given to him for revival and propagation of religion. Follows the historical debate with Mandan misra who is vanquished by Shankara. But his wife Bharti heckles Shankara about Kamashastra, and Shankara has to ask for time in which he enters a king’s dead body, and makes Mandan his Shishya. Going home he meets his dying mother, whose funeral rites are denied to him by the village folk. Again his prayers force the Sun-God to set fire to the funeral pyre, and people realising the divinity of Shankara fall at his feet. The task and triumphal March (Digvijaya) is over, and Shankara desiring to leave the world is lead to the Sinhdwara of the Sharda Mandir in Kashmir! The film ends with Shankara’s samadhi scene.

Adi Shankaracharya has done colossal work for the Hindu Dharma. he established 4 Mathas (Monasteries) at 4 directions of India as following
1.North- Jyortimatha or Joshimatha or Badrikashram in Uttarakhand
2.East- Jagannath Puri,Orissa
3.South- Shringeri Sharada Peeth in Karnataka and
4.West- Dwaraka,in Gujarat.
The heads of these Mathas are called Shankaracharya and are highly revered by Hindus. They are all highly educated persons in modern and Ancient literatures. The South and the West have a continuous lineages from Adi Shankaracharya.

We come to the end of this series here. We will meet again with some new Theme….hopefully !
Here is the Rafi song from this film….


Song-Jaago re jaago jaago he mahaakaal (Jagadguru Shankaracharya)(1955) Singer-Rafi, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-Avinash Vyas
Chorus

Lyrics

o o o o o
Om namah shivaaya
o o o o o
Om namah shivaay

Jaago re ae ae
jaago
jaago re ae ae
jaago
jaago he mahaakal
jaago jeevan ke jaal
bhasm karo paapi ke paap ko o
dharti pukaare prabhu aapko
Jaago re mahaakaal
jaago jeewan ke jaal
bhasm karo paapi ke paap ko
dharti pukaare prabhu aapko
dharti pukaare prabhu aapko

tumko jaga raha neela gagan
neela neela gagan
tumko jagaaye Prabhu pura(?) pawan
Prabhu pura(?) pawan
o o o o
o o o
Taandav pe nritay karo o
Taandav pe nritay karo
damru pe taan do
Taandav pe nirtay kro
Damru pe taan do
Teesre nayan ki
aaj jwaala nikaal do
Jwaala nikal do
phoonk do
phoonk do
phoonk do
Ye kashton ki kaalimaa
bhar do praanon mein nayi laalimaa
nayi laalimaa
Jaago re
jaago
jaago re
jaago
Jago he mahaakaal jago jeevan ke jaal
bhasm karo paapi ke paap ko
dharti pukaare prabhu aapko
dharti pukaare prabhu aapko

Jaago o o o
jaago he shsnkar?? abhyantar jaago
jaago
shankar kankar ?? shivshankar
jaago
yug yug ki ye amar saadhna
ye samaadhi jaago
jaago
??? mahaadev jaago
jaago jaago

25 Responses to "Jaago hey jaago jaago hey mahaakaal"

Great writeup. Hats off to you Arunkumar ji. Beautiful song

Liked by 1 person

Thanks.

Liked by 1 person

Arun ji,

Many hearty congratulations on your double century of articles on the blog. Great going sir and I look forward to many more such milestones from you. 🙂

A fantastic series, I must say. For a series like this, no words will suffice, I am sure.

I have been following this series with great interest. Each one of the articles is so detailed and full of information. And you have covered some of the really great souls of India. Thank you so much for this wonderful treasure of information, about the personalities as well as the cinematic details.

And yes, eagerly look forward to the next theme and next series of articles from you.

Rgds
Sudhir

Liked by 1 person

Sudhir ji,
Thanks for your appreciation.
-AD

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Dear Arun,

Congratulations for a double century of your theme-based articles. I may not have commented on each and every articles of yours but I do enjoy the reading. From almost each article, I get to know some new information I was not aware of.

Please continue to write theme based articles. I like the idea.

Liked by 1 person

Kamath ji,
Thanks for your kind words.
-AD

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Arunji,
Congratulations on your personal milestone. Some of the information you have provided in your articles is not available anywhere else.

The person with whom he had his famous shaastraarth was Mandan (मंडन) Mishra of Mahishi (Saharasa district in Bihar). Legend has it that when he asked for directions to Mandan Mishra’s house, he was told that where the caged parrots discuss whether vedas have self-validity or acquire validity through secondary sources (स्वतः प्रमाण परतः प्रमाण), know it as Pt Mandan Mishra’s house.

Further, the legend goes that seeing her husband losing in the debate, Bharati Mishra challenged Shankaracharya that the debate would not be complete unless he had defeated her also. She, being the अर्द्धांगिनी, had the right to step into the shoes of her husband to assist him. She put to him some questions about conjugal aspects of man and woman, which only a householder could know. Shankaracharya accepted defeat, but asked for another chance after a month. He entered the body of a King, who had just died, to learn these sciences and came back to resume the debate when he prevailed. One of the messages is that you need not be a renunciate to be spiritually elevated.

AK

Liked by 1 person

AK ji,
Thanks for your remarks and appreciation.
When I started this series,I collected so much information about each Great soul,that I had to edit the information in each and every case. In case of Shankaracharya also,the above info about mandan Mishra and his wife’s challenge etc was available,but looking at the length of the article already,i curtailed it.
However,the story about two parrots was new to me.
There is also an interesting story about how he got permission from his mother to go into Sanyasashram,but that too i could not include.
These life stories are so powerful that our heads bow down in reverence for these great Souls of India.
Thanks once again.
-AD

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Arunji,
Congratulations on the double century. What a perfect day for this century song! Sachin is playing his last test match. Hope your double century will inspire him to score same in his last test. 🙂

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Khyati ji,

Thanks for your appreciation.
I was also thrilled to talk to you on Phone today.
I too do hope,Sachin will do well today.
-AD

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Arunji,
My congratulations on reaching another personal land mark. Will be looking forward to similar informative articles in future.
Thanks once again.

Like

N Venkataraman ji,
Thanks for your kind remarks.
-AD

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Sir, Congratulations on reaching this 200th post on this special day ‘children’s day’ 🙂 , they are the future of this country, and on this special day I would pray the almighty that the current generation and the generations to come may grow reading your posts and inherit this great ‘cultural heritage’ of our country and keep on passing it from generations to generations further …. (that is all I can say what comes to mind after reading yours posts).
Thanks …!!!

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Thanks,Avinash ji.
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Sir,

Congratulations on your 200th post and for completing this informative series. This series was fascinating to read.

Hoping to see more such series’s from you.

Thanks and regards.

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Thanks,nahm ji.
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Hulo Arunkumarji
let me congratulate you for your 200th post.
actually i had gone through it yesterday itself. but by then another MUMBAIKAR took over my mind space and the whole day after that. what a coincidence that ur 200 and his 200 were on the same day.
i came back to mother earth only now after he got out in the 70s.
so jai mumbaikars

Like

Thanks a lot.

Like

Arun ji
Congratulations on your 200th post.Enjoyed every bit of it.

Like

Prakash ji,Thanks a ton.

Like

Arun Kumar Ji,
Truly amazed to read your series. It’s humbling to know about the great souls who worked only for the upliftment of the humankind, though we do find such souls even today. Proud to be a part of such a heritage and wish our present generation too, benefits from this.
Wonderful research and kudos to all the effort. Thank you.

Like

Manju Wadhawan ji,
Thank you very much for your appreciation.
Thanks for drawing my attention to this 7 year old article. Thanks to comments from readers like you I kept on getting enough motivation to reach today’s position in this field. I hope I continue getting same love and encouragement from readers in coming times too.
-AD

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Arun Ji,
It took one full week for me to read and consume your superb write up on ” The Great Souls of India”. I cant express the enrichment given by such wonderful articles, in words. I am thankful to Atul ji for giving us such informative posts thru this Blog everyday.
Sir, one query, have we categorized these theme based write ups separately to get quick access?

Like

gandhivp ji,
Yes. On the right side column ” Categories” on the home page under S you will find “Series of articles “. You will find some series categorised. My 7 series out of the 26 I have done are listed here. The rest have yet to be included, I suppose.
My listed series are
1. Badlate hue saathi
2. Bhajan Mala
3. Gems from Migrators
4. Less known singers
5. Missing Gems from Golden 50’s
6. Joys of NFS and
7. Unknown Composers.
Enjoy.
-AD

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audio link:

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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