Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Main to jungle ki chanchal hiraniya

Posted on: February 28, 2017

This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in If this article appears in sites like and etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today’s song is from a less known film of the early 1950s. The film is Chamkee-52. Though it was not a famous film, and its songs were not popular, this was a film of significance for more than one reason.

The first reason is that this was the First film of Manna Dey as an independent composer. Till then he had composed music as a second or even as a third partner with other Music Directrs. His first joint film was “Sati Toral”-47, with H.P.Das aka Hari Prasanna Das. He also did two more films with him-Veerangana-47 and Hum bhi Insaan hai-48. Later he did Jaan Pehchan-50 with Khemchand Prakash. They worked together again in ‘Shri Ganesh Janma’-51 and film ‘Tamasha ‘-52 along with S.K.Pal. This film was delayed due to the death of Khemchand Prakash. Manna Dey also did S.D.Burman’s half completed film ‘Mashal’-50- when Dada left the film halfway and went back to Calcutta, in a mood of depression. Manna Dey finally got his first opportunity as an independent film as a Music Director with Chamkee-52 !

Chamkee-52 was a social film. Manna Dey did not sing any solo songs in it. The only song he sang in it was in the chorus in a song sung by Lata. During that period of time, all his songs were coming from religious films like Ramrajya, Vikramaditya, Shravan Kumar, Geet Govind, Jai Hanuman, Rambaan, Ram Vivah, Ram Darshan, Sant Janabai, Bhagwan Shrikrishna etc etc. He was, therefore, branded as a Bhajan and religious film singer. This reputation did not help him to get any social film ( except Naina-53) for composing Music. Here too he was stuck with Religious films like Shuk- Rambha, Shiv Kanya, Gauri Puja, Jai Mahadev, Mahapooja etc etc.

After his popular song, “Upar gagan vishal” from Mashal-50, he got a reasonable success as a singer, but as a Music Director he remained a B and C grade Religious film music composer, right till the end of his career as a Music Director with Sonal-73.

To be honest, Manna Dey was not a successful composer,because the quality of his songs,tunes and orchestration, in my opinion, was very poor and below quality. None of the 100+ songs that he composed became famous or popular. It is not that songs from B and C grade films do not become famous or popular. There are several examples of such songs. ( Atul ji has said many times that, B and C grade films have A grade music some times). In case of Manna Dey, not even one of his songs can be recalled or considered popular. Unfortunately, such is the case with many singers who became Music Directors, like S.D.Batish, Khan Mastana, Shankar Dasgupta etc.

The second reason why Chamkee-52 was a significant movie was that, actress Ragini was specially invited from Pakistan to act in this film as its Heroine.

Among 40’s Indian actresses, Raagini and Naseem Bano were officially given the titles of ‘Aaho Chashm’ (for her big unusual deer like eyes) -Mrig Nayani in Hindi and ‘Pari Chehra’ (fairy face) respectively by film circles. Raagini’s co-star in Punjabi film Dulla Bhatti (1940) and Hindi film Shah Jehan (1946) M.D. Kunwar was a rich man, who became a die-hard fan of Raagini. As part owner of Anarkali Bazaar, it is a well-known fact that when Raagini went to shop at Anarkali, he used to lay Rs 100 bills under her feet.

The upturned curves of those eyes had magic in them. On top of that (literally!), her eyebrows accentuated that affect. Lotus Eyed or Aahoo Chashm Ragini, as she was called in the cinema world, took the world by storm, when she first appeared on the silver screen, back in the early 1940s.

Ragini was born Shamshad Begum, in 1923, at Gujranwala, in a bazaar, where, to quote that great sage, Agha Hashar, “Days are dormant and nights wide awake.” Her mother named her Shamshad Begum, and her father, Seth Diwan Parmanand, happily allowed a Muslim name. But, her mother died during her childhood, and Diwan took this young girl from Gujranwala to Lahore. Even this early, Ragini had the looks that made her noticeable. In those days, the classical sense of beauty was quite different. Large, sparkling eyes and a fair complexion was enough for any girl in the films to be termed beautiful. Aahoo Chashm Ragni and Pari Chehra Naseem (Saira Bano’s mother) were both considered the epitome of beauty, although young people question those attributes today as “just average”.

Ragini was not able to go to school for undisclosed reasons, although she had a happy childhood. Diwan Sahab’s good friend, Roop K Shorey was a well known film maker, and one day, while visiting his house, he noticed the girl child. “Isn’t she cute?” he said. “She has the looks of a fine film actress.” Although Diwanjee had some reservations about allowing the girl to join the industry, Shorey pledged that he would look after her at every step of the shootings. In those days, there were very few girls in the industry. To find a seventeen year old girl as the heroine meant that you had hit the jackpot. Shorey cast Shamshad as Ragini, in Kamla Movietones’ Punjabi film,Dulla Bhatti in 1940. M.D. Kunwar was the hero, while Ragini played Nooran in the film. It was a hit and people were spellbound by her charm. Her large hoardings adorned the streets of Lahore, highlighting her Eyes. Her next film, Sehti Murad did not make such a bang. She also did ‘himmat’ and ‘Raavipaar’. Later, she worked in many films before Partition, including her first Hindi film,Nishani-42,,naila,Anarkali,Poonji, Kaise Kahoon, Dasi, Shirin Farhad,farz and others. In A.R.Kardar’s film, Shahjahan, Ragini played Mumtaz Mehel, while her first hero, M. D. Kunwar, who had done Dulla Bhatt’s role, characterized Shahjahan with great aplomb. Ragini asked and got One Lakh rupees from Kardar for her role in Shahjehan-46. Kunwar was so enamoured of Ragini that he had requested Kardar for the role, to be close to Ragini. Unfortunately, Ragini did not respond to his romantic advances, and Kunwar sank himself in perpetual drunkenness, which led to his getting infected by tuberculosis and his death soon after that.

After Kardar’s Shahjhan, Ragini did a few more films before Partition, namely Nek Parveen, Farz, etc. Amongst these, director Narinjan’sfilm, Farz was Sudhir’s first film too, and Ragini played the lead with him. Ragini got married to mian Mohd. Aslam in 1945 and took a break for raising a family. After Partition,she migrated to pakistan and was welcomed with open arms in Pakistan. She worked as the heroine in films like Mundri, Akeli, Nazrana, Beqarar, Shararey, Mumtaz and Zanjeerin Pakistan. Radio Pakistan , during its creative days, used to play the hit songs of Beqarar, Naukar and Bedari in the 1960s. The song from producer S. Gul and director NazeerAjmeri’s1950 film, Beqararis still played on the radio. It is phrased Dil ko laga ke kaheen thokar na khana. It was sung by Ali Bux Zahoor andMunawwar Sultana, and remains one of the earliest hit duets of Pakistani films.

Ragini was an expressive character actress, who did a variety of roles in films like Husn o Ishq, Anarkali, and Aab e Hayat She made a perfect Mumtaz Mehel in Naseem usSaqlain’s Taj Mehel, although she wore a half veil in some of the scenes. It was a remarkable spectacle, but flopped because the local audience could not understand its historical significance. A huge expense to uplift it, with superb costumes, apart from the details taken care of during the royal procession shown in the film, are its high point. Ragini was able to use her arching eyebrows and expressive eyes brilliantly in Taj Mahal. Much has been written about her intimacy with famous producer, S.Gul, but he always maintained and proved by his actions that he had sympathy and reverence for her and shared her grief and heart felt fondness for the good times she had spent in the undivided India.

Ragini was invited to India for doing two films,Chamkee-52 and Insaan-52. She did these and went back to Pakistan. Later she divorced her first husband and married producer Gul. Her last days in Pakistan were very sad. She was thrown out of her house by her Son in Law,as he did not want an actress in his house. She spent her last days in a small room in Lahore. Her son had died young in US. She always ran short of money. Several articles and clips on her condition were published in papers and TV, but Pak movie industry did not care. She suffered from Arthritis and cataract and died unsung on 27-2-2007 at the age of 85 years.

Ragini’s Filmography in India – Himmat-41, Nishani-42, Poonji-43, Dassi-44, Shirin Farhad-45, Kaise Kahoon-45, Dhamkee-45, Shahjehan-46, Nek Parveen-46, Bindiaya-46, Manmani-47, Farz-47, Chamkee-52 and Insaan-52.

Ragini’s case is not a solitary case of Riches to Rags, in the film industry. In fact, there are dozens of such cases in respect of many actors and actresses of the early era. The reasons are many. In the early era most of the artistes, especially the girls, who joined film industry, were from poor or lower middle class singing families ( read Tawayafs ).They were not educated and only on the strength of their singing abilities or good looks, they were accepted in the films. Though they earned money and fame, they did not know how to save for the rainy day or for post retirement life. Being illiterate, they were cheated by the near and dear ones as well as the unscrupulous industry people.

Not that educated girls or boys did not join at all. Actresses like Vanmala(BA,BT), Leela Chitnis (BA), Durga Khote (BA), Shanta Apte (Inter pass), Renuka Devi (MA), Meera Mishra(BA), and others like Surendra (BA,LL.B) Kavi Pradeep (BA) and many more were from good families and educated. However, as the time passed, by the 50s the picture changed and most artistes were from good families and educated too.

Film Chamkee-52 had 9 songs. 4 songs were already discussed in the Blog. Today’s song is the 5th song. It is sung by Geeta Roy and written by Kavi Pradeep. Music Director is Manna Dey.

Song-Main to jungle ki chanchal hiraniya(Chamkee)(1952) Singer-Geeta Dutt, Lyrics-Kavi Pradeep, MD-Manna Dey


main to jungle ki chanchal hiraniya aa
main to jungle ki chanchal hiraniya aa
koi kariyo na mera shikaar re
o koi kariyo na mera shikaar
kariyo na mera shikaar

abhi abhi hui hoon main to jawaan
aeji aise mein koi mujhe maaro na ban
maaro na ban
suno ji maharbaan
dekhan do do din bahar
ae ji koi kariyo na mera shikar
main to jungle ki chanchal hiraniya aa
koi kariyo na mera shikaar re
o koi kariyo na mera shikaar
kariyo na mera shikaar

bade khatarnaak hain mere latke
mere ye latke
bade khatarnaak hain mere latke
dur raho mujhse
alag zara hatke
dur raho
dur raho mujhse
alag zara hatke
mujhko na chhoona
lagenge jhatke
mujhko na chhuna koi
lagenge jhatke
main to hu bijli ka taar
ae ji koi kariyo na mera shikar
mai to jungle ki chanchal hiraniya
koi kariyo na mera shikaar re
o koi kariyo na mera shikaar
kariyo na mera shikaar
main to jungle


1 Response to "Main to jungle ki chanchal hiraniya"

Wonderful info about Ragini. Thanks Arunji.


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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