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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Aate hain wo aate hain wo

Posted on: August 10, 2018


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3675 Post No. : 14562

Khaamosh hai zamaana chup chaap hain sitaare

The first line of the song, aayega aane waala aayega from ‘Mahal’ (1949) must have vibrated in the cinema halls many times when the film was released on October 13, 1950 (on Ashok Kumar’s birth day). How true it was! Just two months before the release of the film, the creator of the immortal melodies in the iconic film ‘Mahal’ (1949) breathed his last on August 10, 1950 in Harkishandas Hospital in Bombay (Mumbai) at the young age of 42 years.

Today, August 10th 2018 is the 68th Remembrance Day of Khemchand Prakash (12/12/1907 – 10/08/1950). In 1939, he was like a newly capped cricketer who attained the form in his very first assignment and remained in form most of the time. In a short span of 11 years in the Hindi film industry, he composed a little over 430 songs in around 45 films. His career graph was like ‘I came, I saw, I conquered’ the Hindi film music.

Khemchand Prakash was born in Sujangarh (presently in Churu district of Shekhavati region of Rajasthan) in the family of Dhrupad singers and kathak dancers belonging to Jaipur Gharana. The family had a long lineage of kathak dancers and dhrupad singers. It is said that some of them received the patronage of Mughal kings from the time of Akbar and continued the royal patronage until the death of Mohammed Shah ‘Rangeela’. Thereafter they had to seek royal patronage from other princely states like Jaipur, Jodhpur, Bikaner, Rampur, Lucknow, Gwalior etc. [Reference: Sunil Kothari’s book ‘Kathak – Indian Classical Dance Art’ (1989)].

Pandit Govardhan Prasad, the father of Khemchand Prakash was also dhrupad singer and kathak dancer who was in the royal court of Jaipur. Khemchand Prakash received training in dhrupad singing and kathak dance from his father in Jaipur. When he was still in his teen, he became the court singer and dancer in the royal court of Bikaner. Soon he got an opportunity to join the royal court in Nepal as a singer and dancer where he remained for the next 7-8 years.

Khemchand Prakash got an opportunity to work in New Theatres (NT) as a music assistant to Timir Baran who was the music director for ‘Devdas’ (1935). There has been some speculation for a long time that Khemchand Prakash composed tunes for two songs of ‘Devdas’ (1935). About 3 years back, Pavan Jha, in his Article reaffirmed:

Music director Daan Singh [(‘My Love’ (1970), ‘Bhool Na Jaana’ (1960s, UR)], who was a formal protégé of Khemchand Prakash for a year and half, had told me that two of the classic compositions from Devdas, ‘Dukh ke din ab…’ and ‘Baalam aan baso…’, were composed by Guruji (Khemchand) and yet his contributions as composer went unaccredited.

Another important event in the life of Khemchand Prakash during his New Theatres day was his comic role as an actor-singer in ‘Street Singer’ (1938) in which he performed and sang lo khaa lo madam khaana. It seems, he also had a small role in ‘Kapal Kundla’ (1939).

Sometime in 1939, Khemchand Prakash joined Prithviraj Kapoor, K N Singh and others in quiting NT and came to Bombay (Mumbai). Probably, he must have thought that with stalwarts like R C Boral and Pankaj Mullick, he had no scope for becoming a music director in NT. With Prithviraj’s connections, Khemchand Prakash got his first assignment as an independent music director for Supreme Pictures’ ‘Ghazi Salauddin’ (1939) and ‘Meri Aankhen’ (1939).

For ‘Ghazi Salauddin’ (1939), Naushad assisted Khemchand Prakash as the story of the film had a historical Muslim background. Two songs sung by Kalyanibai became popular from this film. With ‘Meri Aankhen’ (1939) which was released first, Khemchand Prakash’s association with Khursheed Bano – Ranjit Movietone’s actor-singer- began which churned out many popular songs.

Although these two films did not have a good run at the box office, the songs of the films were appreciated. Khemchand Prakash joined Ranjit Movietone as music director with ‘Paagal’ (1940), ‘Holi’ (1940) and ‘Diwaali’ (1940) in his bag. In all, he composed music for 26 films during his 5 years of association with Ranjit Moveitone.

Some of the films made under the banner of Ranjit Movietone in which songs composed by Khemchand Prakash became popular were ‘Holi’ (1940), ‘Pardesi’ (1941), ‘Chaandni’ (1942), ‘Tansen’ (1943), ‘Bharthari’ (1944), ‘Bhanwra’ (1944), ‘Mumtaz Mahal’ (1944) etc.

A special mention needs to be made about the song compositions of ‘Tansen’ (1943). In this film, two top actor-singers – K L Saigal and Khursheed Bano were teamed together for the first time. It was the first occasion for Khemchand Prakash as a music director to record the song rendered by K L Saigal. It was the first occasion to compose a song in dhrupad for K L Saigal. While the songs of Khursheed Bano were a blend of folk and raag based, that of K L Saigal were based mainly on classical raags.

After ‘Prabhu Ka Ghar’ (1945), Khemchand Prakash left Ranjit Movietone ostensibly for the differences with Sardar Chandulal Shah on engaging a new playback singer. After remaining inactive for about a year, he became a free-lancer during which he scored music for successful films like ‘Sindoor’ (1947), ‘Ziddi’ (1948), ‘Saawan Aaya Re’ (1949), ‘Rimjhim’ (1949), ‘Mahal’ (1949) etc.

Some of the lesser known songs composed by Khemchand Prakash which I like are as under:

Songs Singer(s) Movie
Main albeli titli Sitaara Devi Meri Aankhen (1939)
Mori atariya hai sooni mohan nahi aaye Khursheed Bano Pardesi (1941)
Meri atariya pe aa jaa Sitara Devi/Mukesh Dukh Sukh (1942)
wo chaand ban muskuraa rahe hain Ameerbai Karnataki Vishkanya (1943)
Mere dheere se ghoonghat hataaye piya Ameerbai Karnataki Bharthari (1944)
teri pi pi ke pukaaron ne dil loot liya Ameerbai Karnataki Bhanwra (1944)
Mohabbat mein saara jahaan jal raha hai Khursheed Bano Shahanshah Babar (1944)
ye dil na mujhe yaad dila baaten puraani Rafi/Shamshad Saawan Aaya Re (1949)
Jagmag jagmag karta nikla chaand poonam ka pyaara Kishore Kumar Rimjhim (1949)
dekh gagan mein kaali ghata kya kehti hai Nalini Jaywant Muqaddar (1950)

No discussion on Khemchand Prakash would be complete without the mention of his melodious song compositions for “Mahal’ (1949) in general and aayega aane waala aayega in particular. Probably, this was the first song in the genre of ‘haunting song’. The top popularity this song achieved after the release of the film relegated into background the other melodious songs of this film such as mushqil hai bahut mushqil and ghabra ke jo ham sar ko .

I had heard this song on the radio quite often during my childhood and teenage years. It was one of my favourite songs. During my gramophone record collection days in early 1970s, the 78 RPM gramophone record of this song (in two parts) was one of my early collections. It was then I came to know that the song was composed by Khemchand Prakash, a name unknown to me at that time. Due to the slow tempo in Part-1 of the song, I would play only Part-2 of the song on my record player on most of the time. After watching the song picturisation, now I am in a better position to appreciate Part-1 of the song as well.

It is said that after the marathon rehearsal of the song of about 6 minutes of duration, Ashok Kumar, Savak Vacha and lyricist Nakshab Jarchvi felt that the slow tempo in the song would not appeal to the audience. But Khemchand Prakash was very confident about the song becoming popular. He was supported by the director, Kamal Amrohi.

Khemchand Prakash’s prophecy came true. The song became a rage all over India. Radio listeners were asking as to who was the real singer since the name of ‘Kamini’ – the character Madhubala played in the film – was printed on the label of the 78 RPM gramophone record. Thereafter the radio anouncers started announcing the name of Lata Mangeshkar whenever the song was being played on the radio.

The musical hit of ‘Mahal’ (1949) made Madhubala a star to reckon with. Lata Mangeshkar’s playback singing career graph gained a quantum jump which helped her to become numero uno among the female playback singers and retain that status for about the next 5 decades. After being in the film industry for over a decade as a story/screen-play/dialogue writer and lyricist, Kamal Amrohi’s success in his first directorial assignment got him the recognition as a director. The debt-ridden Bombay Talkies under whose banner the film was produced, got a breather.

But Khemchand Prakash, the creator of the immortal melodies in the film was not there to witness the tremendous success of his songs. Just 2 months before the release of the film, he breathed his last on August 10, 1950. Although Khemchand Prakash had earlier composed many hit songs especially with Khursheed Bano and Ameerbai Karnataki, this one song , aayega aane waala’ has immortalised him forever in the history of Hindi film music.

As a tribute to Khemchand Prakash on his 68th Remembrance Day, I am presenting one of the rare songs from an obscure film ‘Chalte Chalte’ (1947) in which Khemchand Prakash composed 11 songs (including one multiple version song). All the songs were written by Lalchand Bismil Peshawari. The song is ‘aate hain wo aahista aahista haule haule’ sung by Patanjal and Meena Kapoor. The film was produced and directed by S K Malik under the banner of Malik Productions. The main cast included Patanjal, Latika, Sudha, Kanta Kumari, Anwari, Gope, K N Singh, Shekhar, Anjlina etc.

‘Chalte Chalte’(1947) was one of the films he was associated with after leaving Ranjit Movietone in 1946. After struggling for a year or so, I guess, he may have done some retrospection and decided to adapt to the changing scenarios in Hindi film music. Probably, this song may be the first song in which Khemchand Prakash was influenced by western music. Meena Kapoor’s singing of multiples ‘aa aa aa…’ before the start of new antaras add a feeling of joie de vivre. The symphony style orchestration mainly of violins at the beginning as well as in the interludes seems to be the contribution of Antony Gonsalves, the Goan musician, who had worked with Khemchand Prakash, Anil Biswas and Naushad when he joined them in the second half of the 1940s.

This is one of those humming melodies created by Khemchand Prakash which remained unknown to many admirers of vintage Hindi film songs.

With this rare song, ‘Chalte Chalte’ (1947) makes its debut in the Blog.


Song-Aate hain wo aate hain wo (Chalte Chalte)(1947) Singers-Patanjal, Meena Kapoor, Lyrics-Lal Chand Bismil Peshawri, MD-Khemchand Prakash

Lyrics

aate hain wo
aate hain wo
aahista aahista
haule haule
aate hain wo
aate hain wo
aahista aahista
haule haule
aaa
aa aa aaa aa
aa aa
aa aa
aa aa
aa aaa
aaaa

aate hain wo naazon ke paale
baanki tirchhi maang nikaale
aate hain wo naazon ke paale
baanki tirchhi maang nikaale
aahista aahista
haule haule
aaa aa aa
aa aa aa aaa
aa aa
aa aa
aa aaa
aa aaa

gulshan ki duniya ne chun chun ke pahne
gulshan ki duniya ne chun chun ke pahne
baanke sajeele phoolon ke gahne
baanke sajeele phoolon ke gahne
shabnam ne chaandni ke moti roley(?)
shabnam ne chaandni ke moti roley(?)
aahista aahista
haule haule

aate hain wo
aate hain wo
aahista aahista
haule haule

raat ki raani gesu sanwaare
ha ha ha ha ha
raat ki raani gesu sanwaare
ha ha ha ha ha
neele dupatte pe chamke sitaare
neele dupatte pe chamke sitaare
jhumke suraiyya ke kaanon mein dole
jhumke suraiyya ke kaanon mein dole
aahista aahista
haule haule

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4 Responses to "Aate hain wo aate hain wo"

Please SEE & HEAR the entire Lata’s song (solo & Duets) with Khemchanji, posted on Atulites. She sang in only 3 films for him.

Sadanand ji,
Thanks for a very good article on KP.
As I informed you earlier, a 2 part detailed article was published in Listeners’ Bulletins numbers 141 and 142.in July and October 2009.

The first article gives a detailed information on his early years.
Two incidents can be given here for the benefit of our readers.
One is, KP went to England when he was just 18 years old,i.e. in 1925. he stayed there for two years, doing shows on Indian classical dances. His family was worried that he may not come back. They sent him a false news of the death of his father. So he had to come back.
Second point is while he was in Calcutta, with his wife and daughter, he did not get any job for quite some time. he started gambling. he had to sell everything in the house due to this. Seeing his plight, a Panwala acquaintence advised him to try singing on A.I.R.
KP went there with a song written by him and he was given chance to sing that song. That song was ” Dukh ke din ab beetat nahi” , which was later used in Devdas.
After this, New Theatres contacted him and offered job as an assistant to Timir Baran. He got Rs. 10 for that song,used in Devdas.
There are many more anecdotes in these two articles. it is surely worth reading in original. As it is published in LB it is reliable. The original article is taken from a research thesis on Khemchand Prakash for Ph. D. by ms. Vidya Arya of Rajasthan University.
-AD

Arun ji,

Thanks a lot for adding the inputs from LBs which, despite your offer, I could not collect copies of the relevant LBs from you.

The second anecdote about the song ‘dukh ke ab din beetat naahi’ written by KP and sung by him on AIR add a new dimension to the speculation about two songs composed by KP for ‘Devdas’ (1935).

The first , the song was not written by KP as indicated in LB but by Kidar Sharma. In this context, it is interesting to note what Kidar Sharma said in his book, ‘The One And Lonely Kidar Sharma’ :

“When Devdas was ready, one of the distributors felt that another song should be inserted, because the narrative was probably jumpy. There was no time at all. That night Saigal and I sat down and I tried to write a song appropriate for the situation. Although Saigal was not the music director, he worked at composing the music. The next morning, this song was picturised and Saigal sang the haunting ‘dukh ke ab din beetat naahin………”

Did K L Saigal had a hand in composing this song?

Sadanand ji,

I would rather go with the research paper details, rather than what Kidar Sharma has written.
One important point- If Sharma wrote the song after Devdas was complete ( as stated by him on pp135 of his book), how come KP sang it much earlier on A.I.R.?
It is possible that Sharma might have used the Mukhda of KP’s song and added antaras of his own. Afterall the two songs may have different lyrics, except the Mukhda. We do not have access to what actually was sung by KP. But given that this is coming in a research paper, it carries more credibility, according to my opinion.
This also brings us to the point of artistes of Autobiographies. I have read dozens of them and have come to the conclusion that sometimes they write what they want to claim, sometimes they add imaginary stories to add Masala to the book and yet sometimes they simply and honestly write wrong memories. A lot of time had elapsed between the incident and writing. ( Like in many cases Lata has done).
This observation is in general and not specific to what we are discussing about the Devdas song alone.
-AD

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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