Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Ae ae ae ae jagmaali

Posted on: March 22, 2019

This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of, then it is piracy of the copyright content of and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3899 Post No. : 14949 Movie Count :


Today’s song is from an old, obscure film, Paak Daman-40.

The meaning of the word Paak Daman is Spotless Character. It has several other meanings depending on its usage. Generally this word is used to describe a woman of Chastest character and without any blemish.

Paak Daman was first made in 1931, the very first year of the Talkie films. Then it was made in 1940 and finally it was made in 1957. Paak Daman was a popular stage drama of early 1900’s. There were many versions of this story with minor variations,like names and place etc. The Parsi Urdu Theatre version was written by Agha Hashra Kashmiri, then famously known as ” Shakespeare of India”. The Parsi Gujarati plays were written by various authors. Syed Yawar Ali penned the script for the ” Moon Parsi Theatre”. The Alfred Drama Company had their own version of the story. In 1932, a film called ” Paak Daman Raqaasa aka Innocent Rakkasa or innocent Dancer or निर्दोष नर्तिका ” was made by Elephanta Movietone, Punjab. But I guess it was not one of these versions, just like the 1957 movie.

Paak Daman-1931 with Rampyari and Hyder Shah was based on a Gujarati play and Paak Daman-40 was written by Agha Hashra Kashmiri for the Urdu Parsi Theatre. This was a small budget movie, with not so popular star cast. It’s shoe-string budget did not allow any advertisements in Film India or other film magazines or papers or any other media like Hoardings in major towns. For all such low budget films the usual method of making advertisement was by distributing handbills from bullock carts ( छकडा ) with a one piece band consisting of ताशा or ढोल. The handbills would be printed in Urdu or local languages and distributed in predominantly Muslim majority area of the towns.

The film was produced by Stage Film Company and was directed by Rustom Modi. The film was censored on 20th October 1940 and released first in Lahore. Most of the film cast was drawn from Urdu Parsi Theatre to save money. Actors like Mohd. Ishaq (as Jaandaar, the King), Abu Baker(as drunkard), K.Pawar(as Bhangedi), Sonaba(as Afimi), Mehboob(as Baldy), Faqir Mohd(as Guardian) and Krishnabai as Dancer, were taken along with regular actors like Ghulam Mohammed(as Safadar Jung), Firoz Dastur(as Jameel). The female cast was Meera Devi(as Razia), Menaka Hyderabadi(as Sayeeda, the Heroine) and Leela Hyderabadi( as Nadira). These female actors were stage actresses from Urdu parsee Theatre in the 1930’s. They had played these roles so often on stage that all the dialogues were byheart to them. They had done small roles in films but went unnoticed,perhaps due to being uncredited.

The film was directed by Rustom Modi, who was the elder brother of Sohrab Modi. To understand the background of making of this film, we have to first take a look, in short, at the early build up of the careers of the Modi brothers.

Born on 2-11-1897, Sohrab Modi and his elder brother Rustom Modi spent their initial years in the Parsi community in Bombay, where their father was a Civil servant. The brothers were no good students in studies but were more interested in acting on stage. After their family shifted to Rampur in United Province (today’s Uttar Pradesh), when Sohrab was about 15 year or so, he used to read Urdu Books from library of Nawab of Rampur, with whom his father worked as a Superintendent. This made Sohrab an expert in Urdu Language and diction. Coupled with his love for sports and body building, he soon became an impressive young man.

As he was growing, his brother Rustom helped him and he started doing small roles in stage dramas. At one stage his roles in “Khoon ka khoon”and “Saeed E Hawas” won laurels from the audience. By then Rustom had started his own drama company “The Arya Subodh Natak Mandali”. In 1931, Talkie films started and people were attracted to them. Sensing a danger to drama companies, Rustom Modi established “Stage Film Company” and filmed their “Khoon ka khoon aka Hamlet” and ‘Saeed E Hawas” in 1935 and 1936 respectively. However since people had already seen these dramas, these 2 movies did not click to expectations.

Sohrab Modi realised that film making was a different game entirely. So, in 1936, the brothers started Minerva Movietone and a new film “Atma Tarang” was made. It was also received with a tepid response, with just 20 persons for the first show. Sohrab was disappointed, however, some critics appreciated his effort and encouraged him to go ahead. Soon he made successful films like Meetha Zahar-38, Divorce-38, Pukar-39 and Bharosa-40 and so on.

Rustom Modi, however, continued with his dramas and making films on dramas. On this background Rustom Modi made Paak Daman in 1940- again with his stage artistes. This time, there was a good response and the old timers enjoyed the film reminiscing what they had earlier seen as a Urdu Parsee Theatre drama.

The film had a second title of “Shaheed Naaz”. The story, dialogues, screenplay and Lyrics were by Agha Hasra Kashmiri. The music director K.M.Pawar, besides doing a small role in the film, also doubled as a Choreographer along with Master Chhota.

The story of the film was…..

The king Jahandaar was a Noble and honest ruler. He used to roam about in his kingdom in a Faqir’s disguise. In his absence, his close courtier Safdar jung used to look after the kingdom. Safdar was a cruel and immoral person. He had deserted his own wife Nadira, after fully enjoying her chastity.

A young man Jameel had used a girl Razia and abandoned her. She complained to Safdar Jung. Jameel was caught and sentenced to death. Jameel’s sister was Saeeda. Beautiful Saeeda goes to Safdar and begs for cancellation of death sentence. Safdar asks her to spend one night with him as a gift in return to this favour. He gives her time to think and come back.

While returning, Saeeda meets the Faqir( king in disguise), who enquires what is wrong. Saeeda tells him all. King is very angry. He discloses his identity to Saeeda and asks her to find and bring Nadira. The three of them hatch a plot.

Next day, Saeeda informs Safdar that she is ready to do as he wants, provided there is total darkness and no talk in that period. He gladly agrees. In the darkness of night Nadira replaces Saeeda and Safdar spends time with her, thinking that she is Saeeda.
Next day Nadira appears in Darbar and asks Safdar to take her back. The Faqir also reveals himself and Saeeda tells the truth of the night. Safdar is stunned. The king orders Safdar to take back Nadira and leave the court-if not he will be executed. Jameel is released but has to marry Razia.

Jameel’s role was done by Firoz Dastur, who started with films, but became a well known classical singer of India. Firoz Dastur or Feroze Dastur (30 September 1919 – 9 May 2008) was an eminent vocalist of Kirana Gharana and a film actor.
Dastur was part of Indian Film Industry in 1930s, acting in a few films by Wadia Movietone and other film banners. In 1933, when Wadia Movietone under JBH Wadia, released its first talkie film, he performed classical songs as child actor in film Lal-e-Yaman. But his first love was Indian Classical Music.
He was the disciple of Sawai Gandharva, whose other disciples were Bhimsen Joshi and Gangubai Hangal and a regular performer at Sawai Gandharva Music Festival for several years, well into his late 80s.
Dastur died on 9th May 2008 in Mumbai after a brief illness. He was 89.

He acted in 16 films- from Laal e yaman-33 to Gul e Bakavali-47. He sang 60 songs in 19 films. Last he sang in film Bhumika-77.

He also gave music to 2 films,composing 17 songs ( Sunehra Baal-38 and Gul e Bakavali-47)

Safdar’s role was done by Ghulam Mohammed. Ghulam Mohammad was a super star villain actor in the pre-partition films. He was a popular stage actor in the 1920s and appeared in movies mostly as villain actor in the 1930s/40s. His first big film was Madhuri in 1932 which was directed by R.S. Chodhary. He was in main role with actress Sulochana who was a Jewish artist and the first ever super star film heroine in the sub-continent. It was one of many famous productions by the leading Bombay based film company Imperial Film Co. and Ghulam Mohammad was an automatic choice for them. He was called Prince of Imperial Film Company and he was the first ever Muslim actor to buy a luxury car in the 1930s.

Ghulam Mohammad was an all round actor and appeared as hero, villain and supporting actor in more than 60 movies in the 1930s-40s. He played the main villain role in the first ever colored film Kissan Kanya from Bombay in 1937. He was in title role with Noorjahan in Lahore based Punjabi film Chodhary in 1941 and also in her first Hindi/Urdu film as heroine, Khandan in 1942, which was made in Lahore as well. He was also in the last big film before partition Jugnu (with Noorjahan and Dilip Kumar and Sulochana).

Ghulam Mohammad was almost in every second Pakistani film in the 1950s. He was born in 1900 in Lahore and died on March 10, 1961. He appeared in more than 500 stage dramas and fought as soldier in the WW1 in Baghdad, Iraq. He was best known as Chacha (Uncle) in film circles.

Today’s song is extremely rare song, says uploader- our own Sadanand ji Kamath. The song is based on Raagdari, which one, I could not identify as I am not an expert. Considering this is a recording done almost 80 years ago, it is still in good condition, except at few places. It is confirmed that the Lyrics were by Agha Hashra Kashmiri. The Music Director K.M.Pawar was employed in Rustom Modi’s stage film company.

( My thanks to ” Forgotten movies on Muslim Culture,1933-1947″ ,by Kamalakar ji Pasupuleti, “Stages of Life; Indian Theatre autographies ” by Kathryn Hansen, HFGK, MuVyz,www.pak.mag,Listener’s Bulletin and my notes).

The movie as well as the singer Kaka Ji make their debuts in the blog with this song.

Song-Ae ae ae ae jagmaali (Paak Daaman)(1940) Singers- Phiroz Dastur, Kaka ji, Lyrics- Agha Hashra Kashmiri, MD- K M Pawar


ae ae ae ae
ae ae ae ae jagmaali
ae ae ae ae
ae ae ae ae jagmaali
Phooli dali dali
Chhaayee nirali,
Rangwali laali
ae ae ae ae
ae ae jagmaali
ae ae ae ae jag
gun gaati bhaanti koyaliya kaali
gungaati bhaanti koyaliya kaali
Chhaayee niraali
Rangwaali laali
ae ae ae ae ae ae
ae ae ae ae
ae ae jagmaali

bhanwar papeeha mor uthh bhor
bhanwar papeeha mor uthh bhor
chaaron oar jape tero naam
chaaron oar jape tero naam
kunjan kunjan mein
phoolan ke ban mein
kunjan kunjan mein
phoolan ke ban mein
acharaj man mein
hansat basat hai
acharaj man mein
hansat basat hai
chhav tori niraali
rangwaali laali
ae ae ae ae jagmaali
ae ae ae ae jagmaali

6 Responses to "Ae ae ae ae jagmaali"

This is an awesome write up, packed with so much information about vintage era in one post. Congratulations and thanks a lot.


AK ji,
Thanks a million for your appreciation. Such comments are a recognition of my efforts to build up a credible and informative post as a result of many days’ hard work.
Only a connoisseur can understand the value of such post and it certainly peps up the spirit and gives satisfaction.
Thanks again for encouragement for continuing the work I love most.


Getting to know some unexplored facts. My sincere thanks.


Manohar Lal Dave ji,
I am happy that you have liked this post.
Thanks for your comment.


Very informative post.
?- ‘Acharaj man mein hansat basat hai’


Pratap ji,
Thanks for your comment and Lyrics correction.


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