Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Prem ki maala meri kahin toot na jaaye

Posted on: October 19, 2021


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4841 Post No. : 16628

Today’s song is from a Mythological film-Devyani-1952.

This was the story of Kach and Devyani from Mahabharat. I like the various stories from our Epics Ramayan and Mahabharat. There are hundreds of subplots and stories in both these Holy books, in addition to the main stories. However, I like stories from the Mahabharat more than Ramayan. The reason is stories from Ramayana are simpler and involve good virtues like Love, Cooperation, Loyalty, truthfulness etc etc. These are desirable but have no links to today’s social structure. The stories from Mahabharat are built around the practical difficulties in day to day life, defeat of the evil at any cost and use of tact, diplomacy, revenge, punishment etc etc which are more interesting to read.

As such, Mahabharat in itself or its stories seem to be closer to today’s values like ‘Tit for Tat’ and winning over the Evil with equally Evil remedies. The basic difference between Ram and krishna is, Ram was a character who was upright, just and straightforward, while Krishna is a character down to earth, who does not mind using unconventional methods to defeat the Evil. I always feel that in today’s world Krishna tactics are more relevant than Ram Rajya rules !

The story of Kach and Devyani, on which the film Devyani -52 was based was…..

There were regular wars between the Gods and the Demons (Sur and Asur). However the Gods could never win any battle. The reason ? Rishi Shukracharya, who was the Rajguru of the Demons knew the Sanjivani mantra, with which the dead demons would be brought back to life.
Realising that without getting the mantra, they would never win any battle with Demons, the Gods sent Kach- son of God Brihaspati (Jupitor) to Shukracharya as his disciple. Kach impressed Shukracharya’s daughter Devyani and they became friends. Devyani started loving kach.
The Demons came to know who Kach was . They killed him, burnt his body and mixed the ashes with wine, which was given to Shukracharya to drink. He knew that it contained Kach ashes. Meanwhile Devyani came to know that Kach was killed. She insisted that Shukracharya use his Mantra and bring him back to life. Due to daughter’s love, Shukracharya recited the Sanjivani mantra and Kach came out alive from his stomach. Shukracharya died. But Kach now knew the Mantra and he brought back Shukracharya to life again.

Devyani now expresses her love and proposes marriage to Kach, but he refuses stating that since he came from Shukracharya’s stomach, she was her sister now. Devyani is disappointed with his weak logic and curses Kach that what he learned here, he will never be able to use anywhere. Angrily, Kach too curses her that no Bramhin will ever marry her in her life. He goes away and the film ends as a tragedy.

The film ends here alright, but it raised a question in my mind as to how, then, the Gods ever won the battles with Demons ? The answer is, during the ” Samudra – Manthan ” a pot containing ” Divine Potion ” came up. It contained Amrit, which made the Gods immortal (Amar). In due course Shukracharya also died, without parting with the Sanjivani mantra and thus the Demons were defeated in the ensuing wars by Gods.

The film Devyani-52 was produced by Madhukar Harihar under the banner of Madhav Pictures, Bombay. It was directed by Vasant painter and the Music Director was S.Purushottam, assisted by Shamrao Kamble. These names are rather not commonly seen or heard and the readers may not be knowing about them, as they did only few films compared to others and without any famous film either. Let us first know about Vasant Painter.

Vasant Anandrao Painter was born in a village near Kolhapur on 13-8- 1913. His father Anandrao, along with cousin Baburao Painter wanted to make films. Anandrao had bought a second hand Projector, which he turned into a Camera and shot a short film also. Unfortunately, Anandrao Mistry or Anandrao Painter died suddenly on 22-10-1915.Vasant Painter was only a 2 year old baby at that time. Baburao Painter went on to become the famous founder of Marathi films in the Silent Era.

By the time Vasant became 16 year old,the Silent film era was in full swing and many films were made in Kolhapur, Poona and Bombay. He had a liking for painting,so he picked up poster painting work,first in Maharashtra Film company and later in Prabhat film company when it was started in Kolhapur. Actually Damle and Fatelal were keen on helping him as he was the son of Anandrao, from whom they had learnt so many things. They called him to work in Prabhat. He did all jobs,including assisting in cinematography and direction.

His first break came when he was 33 year old. He got an opportunity to direct Prabhat’s film ” Gokul”-46 and later on ” Seedha Raasta”-47. After V.Shantaram had left Prabhat to start his own Rajkamal,Vasnt painter remained in Prabhat loyally, so he got the reward. Prabhat decided to make the film “Namdev” and Vasant was selected as a director. The cast was fixed and other arrangements done, but due to financial reasons the film was cancelled. Anyway, he got another opportunity. Actress Kamala Kotnis had floated a production company,Kamala Chitra Ltd..She invited Painter to direct her film,’Sati Ahilya’-49. Snehal Bhatkar was the MD.

Painter directed ‘ Bhishma Pratignya ‘-1950. This was,probably,the only Mythological film Nargis had acted in, with Shahu Modak.. His other films were,Murliwala-51, Devyani-52, Sajni-56, Patit paawan-55, Gokul ka chor-59, Pyar ki jeet-62 . Meanwhile he was producing and directing several Marathi films too. He won 9 awards,including the prestigious ” V.Shantaram Award”.

Vasant Painter died on 31-5-2006,leaving behind him 6 daughters and 1 son.

And now something about Shamrao Kamble….

Music Directors’ names are famous. At times their assistants too get a mention in the credits, but what about the soul of every song-the Arranger ? Many people do not even know that there is someone called an Arranger. An Arranger not only exists, but without him the song orchestration is not possible.

What does an Arranger do ?

A tune and music is decided by the Composer, but the harmonization of the orchestra is done by the Arranger. He decides which instrument should be used more, like one decides about a flower in a bouquet of flowers. Arranger is like an ‘ interior decorator ‘ of music. Composer decides what effect he needs and what should be the interlude music. Arranger decides which instrument should be played.

Melody is the main ingredient in a song. Orchestra has to supplement and complement the Melody. In this case orchestration is like Jewellery. A beautiful woman must use jewellery to enhance her beauty, but no overuse or underuse will do. Similarly Arranger does optimization of instruments.

Arranger must know the Notations, so that it can be written and given to the players.

How many Arrangers are known to the public in India ? A composer is Zero without an Arranger. So they try to employ the best of them in their service. Some of the Arrangers become successful Composers themselves, like Sonik-Omi or Laxmikant Pyarelal. Most arrangers fail as composers because they don’t know the commercial aspects, like getting films, knowing and mixing with film personalities in Parties, having friends and God fathers in the right place etc etc.

The other day I was reading a book “Voh Bhooli Dastaan” by Subhash Chandra Jadhav,on Indian Film Music. In this book he has described information about one such successful but totally unknown Arranger SHYAMRAO KAMBLE.

Kamble was born in Karad, near Kolhapur in Maharashtra, on 23-10-1925. His elder brother taught him Tabla and Pakhawaj. Kamble joined a musical drama company where he learnt writing notations. When he came to Bombay he accompanied great singers like Saraswati Rane, Suresh Haldankar, Manik Verma etc. He used to make rounds of film studios and learnt to play Piano, Saxophone, trumpet, mandolin etc.

His career started as an assistant to music director H N Sharma.

Then he worked for Roshan in Bawre nain, wherein he played harmonium in all songs and Roshan was pleased. In Bheegi Raat-65 he played Guitar in the song ‘Dil jo na kah saka’

While doing Anokhi Raat he made use of Flute artistically in ‘oh re taal mile’. During this film Roshan died and he helped his wife to complete the recording of ‘Sapnon ka raja’ by Lata.

Chitralekha’s background music was liked by Hemant kumar very much.

After Roshan, Kamble worked for his son Rajesh Roshan also.

Kamble says,“Though my work was appreciated, my name never appeared in film credits till Jaidev and Sudhir Phadke insisted for it.”

From ‘Mujhe jeene do’-63 Kamble became Jaidev’s assistant. He says,’ Jaidev ji was a composer totally sold to indian classical music.’ For Reshma and Shera Kamble used Sarod effectively.

The producer director of Gharonda,Bheem Sen insisted its music to be like R D Burman. Kamble used the interludes in every song just like RDB and songs of Gharonda became very famous. Jaidev was so happy that he gave a 5 speaker gramophone to him as a Gift.

In the film ‘Tumhaare Liye’ Kamble wanted Hariprasad Chaurasiya to play Flute. He discussed it with Hari ji, but Hari ji did not come for any rehearsals, so Kamble called Sumant Raj and did the rehearsals. As luck would have it,on the day of recording Hariprasad came to play Flute. Kamble did not hesitate in making his decision. He used both the flutists for different pieces in the song.

Kamble also worked with Sudhir Phadke. when a producer wanted to make a remake of marathi film ‘Vahininchya Bangdya”, he took Sudhir Phadke for Bhabhi ki choodiyan as a composer, but put a condition that his Arranger will work with him. That person was a Goanese and Phadke did not like his arrangement with western instruments for this emotional film. He called Kamble and asked him to write notations for all the songs on the tunes decided already. Kamble did all this and left. Phadke gave the notations to the Goanese arranger and asked him to arrange orchestration accordingly. That is why all the songs of this film including ‘Jyoti kalash chamke” became popular.

Shyamrao Kamble did not attempt to become a film composer himself, as he knew his limitations. However,for “Bibal-My Brother”-1975, he shared the music with Prabhakar Jog.

Shamrao himself was a brilliant composer as well. He used to compose Bhajans and once on listening to the Bhajans he composed, music director Pyarelal asked him “Shamraoji if you can compose the tunes so nicely, why don’t you think to be a full-fledged music director for films ?” He just said “I am more interested in the Music Arrangements..” Pyarelal asked him jokingly, “so shall I use your compositions ?” smiling, within a second he said, “Pyareji, my all work is for you… you may use it whenever you wish..!” I am very much sure that if Shamraoji had taken music-direction as a career, he would have definitely achieved the position in the list of most talented and successful composers in the Indian music field,” said Pyarelal Ramprasad Sharma, the ace music director.
“His knowledge and devotion towards music was so deep, that he even used to guide or suggest the top artists like Rais Khan (sitar), Hariprasad Chaurasia (flute), Shivkumar Sharma (santoor) about the playing during the recordings. He also used to express that a particular music piece would be more effective if improvised in a different manner etc. And the greatness of those artists also, who used to sportingly accept Shamraoji’s suggestions and appreciate the same.. This was only because they were fully aware of Shamraoji’s knowledge and capacity. And also this was the reason that we had given total freedom to him in our work also,” said Pyarelal.

In his early career, Shamrao had worked as a notation-writer. He was the one who wrote down the notation for Dinanath Mangeshkar’s natya sangeet (Chandrika hi janu, Vilopale Madhu Meelanat ya, Yuwati Mana etc).

Though he retired and settled in Poona, Laxmikant Pyarelal always called him for work. He has toured several countries with Laxmikant Pyarelal’s orchestra as an Arranger. Shamrao kamble died on 17-10-2008, at Dombivali, due to Brain Haemorrhage, at the age of 83 years.

The tribe of Arrangers always worked behind the curtain, without any limelight on them and without appearing in film credits.

Truly, they are the brains behind good music in films !

(Thanks to Subhashchandra Jadhav and mrs. Suhasini Jadhav,copyright holders of ‘Voh bhooli Dastaan’ and Imprints and images, with thanks.)


Song- Prem ki maala meri kahin toot na jaaye(Devyani)(1952) Singer- Asha Bhonsle, Lyricist- Manohar Khanna, MD- S Purushottam

Lyrics

aa aa aa aa aaa

prem ki maala meri
kahin toot na jaaye
balam tum aa jaao
tum aa jao
pyaar ka madhuban mera
kahin toot na jaaye
balam tum aa jaao
tum aa jaao

tum huye aankhon se ojhal
deep saare bujh gaye ae
deep saare bujh gaye
meri jholi mein thhe jitne
phool angaare baney
phool angaare baney
bhagya ka tha ?? mera kahin doob na jaaye
balam tum aa jaao
tum aa jaao
prem ki maala meri ee
kahin toot na jaaye
balam tum aa jaao
tum aa jaao

kaisi yogan baawri tujhko pukaare har ghadi
tujhko pukaare har ghadi
man mein aasha ki ??
aankhon mein saawan ki jhadi
aankhon mein sawan ki jhadi
dolti naiyya meri kahin doob na jaaye
balam tum aa jaao
tum aa jaao
prem ki maala meri
kahin toot na jaaye
balam tum aa jaao
tum aa jaao

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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