Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Shubh Sukh Chain Ki Barkha Barse

Posted on: July 23, 2020


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4388 Post No. : 15750 Movie Count :

4342

Hindi Songs in Bangla Films: 35

‘Gumnaami’ (2019) is a Bangla film with fairly good parts of dialogues in Hindi and English. The film is produced under the banner of Shri Venkatesh Films and is directed by Srijit Mukherjee. The main star cast consists of Prosenjit Chatterjee (as Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose and later as Gumnaami Baba), Anirban Bhattacharya (as journalist, Chandrachur Dhar), Tanushri Chakraborty (as Ronita Dhar), Surendra Rajan (as Mahatma Gandhi), Sanjay Gurubuxani (as Jawaharlal Nehru) etc. The film was released on October 2, 2019. Being a recent release, as of now, the movie is not available on video sharing platforms.

I watched the film on one of the OTT platforms. The film is not a biopic on Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. It is based on later events, relating to the investigations by Mukherjee Commission, which was set up by Government of India in 1999 to probe the death of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. The Commission was assigned the task to tackle the three broad theories surrounding the alleged mysteries and unanswered questions related to Netaji’s death. First, Netaji died in a plane crash while taking off from an airport in Taiwan. Second, he staged a fake plane crash to escape to Russia where he died in prison. Lastly, Netaji staged a plane crash, escaped to Russia and returned to India as a sanyasi (monk) known as ‘Bhagwan ji’ or ‘Gumnaami Baba’ who died in September 1985 in Faizabad.

Film starts with Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru advising Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, who was the then Congress President, that he should support the British Government during World War II. They also advocate non-violent methods for attaining India’s freedom from the British Rule. Netaji disagrees by saying that freedom is to be snatched from Britishers rather than demanding from them. Due to his differences with Congress High Command, he resigns from the Indian National Congress. He goes abroad to make allies with Japan and Germany who are at war with Great Britain and the Allied forces. He sets up Indian National Army with the support of Japan.

After the surrender of Japan to allied forces in Burma, Netaji shifts his forces to Singapore and then to Bangkok. He advises his forces to surrender while he with Rahman will go to Tokyo for onward escape to Soviet Union which, according to his view, would become anti-British after the war. He can then fight for India’s independence from there. While travelling to Soviet Union, Netaji’s plane catches fire and he dies after a few hours of the accident due to burn injury on August 18, 1945. He is cremated and his ashes are taken to Tokyo.

There have been many commissions and reports to inquire about the circumstances of Netaji’s death but there still remains uncertainty and the doubts have been raised in various quarters about the death of Netaji from time to time. In 1999, Government of India decides to set up the Mukherjee Commission go into the mysteries behind Netaji’s death afresh.

In 2003, a journalist, Chandrachur Dhar is given an independent assignment by his employer, Indiatimes to make a research-based study on the mystery of Netaji’s death. Chandrachur believes that all the myths surrounding Netaji’s death are hoaxes. Nevertheless, he takes up the assignment and spends much of his time in gathering evidences. During this period, his entire thinking about Netaji’s life changes. The study and research on the Netaji’s life becomes his obsession to such an extent that he neglects his personal life. His wife, Ronita feels that she is living with a husband who is unstable, crazy and unpredictable. In a fit of anger, she ransacks all the papers and documents which Chandrachur had collected in the course of his reasearch. She files for a divorce and gets it. In frustration, Chandrachur resigns his job. Instead, he forms a passionate group of his friends called ‘Mission Netaji’ to study and research to solve the mystery of Netaji’s death.

Based on extensive studies and research, Chandrachur makes presentations before the Mukherjee Commission with evidences to prove that Netaji did not die in plane crash but escaped to Russia by staging a fake plane crash. From Russia, he came to India via Tibet as a wandering monk and stayed in Lucknow. He submits 19 evidences in support of his contention.  In 2005, Mukherjee Commission presented the report to the Government of India. The Report was presented to Lok Sabha and was publicly released.

Chandrachur and his friends of ‘Mission Netaji’ have assembled in his house to read the Commission’s report. Ronita, his ex-wife has come to wish her best to Chandrachur. While Commission has come to the conclusion that Netaji has not died in the plane crash based on the various evidences including the DNA report of his remains which have been kept in Tokyo, which was identified as that of a Japanese soldier. However, due to absence of any concrete evidence, the Commission is unable to come to the conclusion whether Netaji escaped to Russia. Further, the DNA test of Gumnaami Baba did not match with that of Netaji.  The Government of India rejected the report without giving any reasons.

The rejection of the Commission’s report affected Chandrachur so much that he locks himself in a room full of the books, and documents collected over the last 3 years for his ‘Mission Netaji’. He starts burning every documents, files and books connected with his research so much so the entire room engulfs with fire. Ronita calls his friends and gets the door broken to rescue Chandrachur. The film ends with Ronita convincing Chandrachur to keep on fighting for the truth of Netaji’s death. Hence, the fight must go on until an end to the mystery.

Before I started watching this film, I did not have a very high expectation from the film because, there has been many films on the life of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. Furthermore, I was one of the believers that Netaji died in the plane crash in August 1945 and the talks thereafter about the mystery of his death were all myths and conjectures. But once I completed watching the film in one sitting, I must admit that the director, Srijit Mukherjee has managed to present the film in a way which made me to rethink about the controversies surrounding Netaji’s death. This film is a class by itself putting it on a different pedestal.

Prosenjit Chatterjee, in the role of Netaji as well as Gumnaami Baba has given an excellent performance which was a pleasant surprise for me as most of his roles in Bangla films are that of a romantic hero. His performance as a Gumnaami Baba looks so real that for once, I started feeling that Gumnaami Baba could really be Netaji in disguise. As Netaji, almost all of his dialogues are in Hindi and English. It is only when he turns to act as Gumnaami Baba, his dialogues are in Bangla.

Another roll of honor in the film goes to Anirban Bhattacharya, who in the role of Chandrachur Dhar, has given the superb performance as a journalist. His submissions to the Mukherjee Commission and the crazy reactions to the news that the Commission’s reports have been rejected by the Government are his top-most performances in the film. In fact, he has an equal presence in the film if not more than Prosenjit Chatterjee.

The film is a mix of black & white and colour. The scenes involving Netaji in pre-1945 period are in black & white while scenes representing Gumnaami Baba, Chandrachur Dhar, the journalist and the proceedings of the Mukherjee Commission are in colour. The film has dialogues in Bangla, Hindi, English and few dialogues in Japanese. These combinations in the film give a feel of a period atmosphere as well as the natural proceedings of the story in the film.

While on Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, it is incidental and interesting to note that today, July 23rd,is the Remembrance Day of one of Netaji’s closest aides who led  INA’s Women Wing named the Rani Jhansi Regiment. She is Captain (Dr) Lakshmi Sehgal (24/20/1914 – 23/07/2012) of INA born as Lakshmi Swaminathan. She had barely completed her MBBS and arrived in Singapore, where she met with Netaji and got immersed in the Azad Hind movement.

During the surrender of Singapore by British to the Japanese, Dr Lakshmi helped heal the wounded soldiers of prisoners of war, many of whom were Indians. They desired to form the Azad Hind Fauj. After the arrival of Netaji in Singapore in July 1943, Dr. Lakshmi met Netaji who was keen to take women into INA. Thus she became Captain Lakshmi Swaminathan of Rani Jhansi Regiment of INA.

In Burma operations, INA joined Japanese in December 1944 but by March 1945, Japanese were on the losing ground. INA decided to beat a retreat from Burma. While crossing into Imphal, Captain Lakshmi was arrested in Burma by the British Forces and held in prison in Burma until March 1946 when she was sent to Delhi for trials as a war criminal. However, on the eve of India getting independence,  Captain Sehgal and many of the INA facing trials were set free.

In March 1947, Captain Lakshmi married Prem Kumar Sehgal and shifted to Kanpur. She continued her medical practice in Kanpur. She became a Rajya Sabha member in 1971. During the Bangla Desh crisis in 1971, she set up relief and medical camps for refugees from East Pakistan in Kolkata. During the Bhopal gas tragedy in December 1984, she led a medical team to look after those affected by the gas. She was active as a medical practitioner until the age of 92.

‘Gumnaami’ (2019) has 5 songs of which 3 are in Hindi. All songs have been used in the film as background songs. I am presenting “Shubh Sukh Chain Ki Barkha Barse” rendered by Babul Supriyo and chorus. There is an interesting history behind this song.

After the establishment of the provisional Government in exile of INA in 1943, Netaji decided to have a National Anthem for his Government. He himself selected Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore’s “Jan Gan Man Adhinayak Jai He” and asked Mumtaz Hussain and Colonel Abid Hussain Saffarani of INA to translate it into Hindustani so that it becomes easy to understand the meaning to all. He selected Captain Ram Singh Thakur to composed in the martial music so that the listeners would be awaken. It is significant to note that on the day of India’s independence on August 15, 1947, Jawaharlal Nehru unfurled the Tricolour on the ramparts of the Red Fort after which Captain Ram Singh Thakur of INA conducted the orchestra with his musicians, playing the tune of the National Anthem of INA.

In the film, this song appears towards the end of the film, incorporating the flashback of what has happened in the life of Netaji from 1940-45 and the efforts made by the journalist to unlock the mystery of Netaji’s death. The credit title of the film gives credit to Mumtaz Hussain and Colonel Abid Hussain Saffarani as lyricists and the music to Captain Ram Singh Thakur. However, I feel that Rabindranath Tagore should also get the credit since the tune was originally composed by him for “Jan Gan Man Adhinayak Jai He”. The audio clip of the song has one extra stanza.

It is the song which reminds us with moist eyes, the fond memory of Netaji of his sacrifice for the freedom of the motherland.

Video

Audio

Song – Shubh Sukh Chain Ki Barkha Barse (Gumnaami) (Bangla) (2019) Singer – Babul Supriyo, Lyrics – Mumtaz Hussain, Colonel Abid Hussain Saffarani , MD – Captain Ram Singh Thakur
[Note on MD – The original score of this song is created by Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore, the creator of the “Jan Gan Man. . .” anthem.]
Chorus

Lyrics

shubh sukh chain ki barkha barse
bharat bhaag hai jaaga
punjab, sindh, gujarat, maratha
draavid, utkal, banga
chanchal sagar, vindh, himaalaya
neela yamuna, ganga
tere nit gun gaaye
tujh se jeewan paaye
har tan paaye asha
suraj ban kar jag par chamke
bharat naam subhaaga
jai ho…o
jai ho…o
jai ho…o
jai jai jai jai ho..o
bharat naam subhaaga
 
sab ke dil mein preet basaaye
teri meethi baani
har subey ke rahne waale
har mazhab ke praani
sab bhed aur farak mita ke
sab god mein teri aa ke
goondhe prem ki maala
suraj ban kar jag par chamke
bharat naam subhaaga
jai ho…o
jai ho…o
jai ho…o
jai jai  jai  jai ho…o
bharat naam subhaaga
 
subah savere pankh pakheru
tere hi gun gaayen
baas bhari bharpur hawaayen
jeewan mein rut laayen
sab mil kar hind pukaaren
jai azad hind ke naare
pyaara desh hamaara
suraj ban kar jag par chamke
bharat naam subhaaga
jai ho…o
jai ho…o
jai ho…o
jai jai jai jai ho…o
bharat naam subhaaga…aa

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————
शुभ सुख चैन की बरखा बरसे
भारत भाग है जागा
पंजाब सिंध गुजरात मराठा
द्राविड़ उत्कल बंग
चंचल सागर विंध्य हिमाला
नीर यमुना गंगा
तेरे नित गुण गाये
तुझ से जीवन पाये
हर तन पाये आशा
सूरज बनकर जग पर चमके
भारत नाम सुभागा
जय हो॰ ॰ ॰
जय हो॰ ॰ ॰
जय हो॰ ॰ ॰
जय हो॰ ॰ ॰
जय जय जय जय हो॰ ॰ ॰
भारत नाम सुभागा

सबके दिल में प्रीत बसाये
तेरी मीठी बानी
हर सूबे के रहने वाले
हर मज़हब के प्राणी
सब भेद और फर्क मिटा के
सब गोद में तेरी आ के
गूँधे प्रेम की माला
सूरज बनकर जग पर चमके
भारत नाम सुभागा
जय हो॰ ॰ ॰
जय हो॰ ॰ ॰
जय हो॰ ॰ ॰
जय हो॰ ॰ ॰
जय जय जय जय हो॰ ॰ ॰
भारत नाम सुभागा

सुबह सवेरे पंख पखेरू
तेरे ही गुण गायें
बास भरी भरपूर हवाएं
जीवन में रूत लाएँ
सब मिल कर हिन्द पुकारें
जय आज़ाद हिन्द के नारे
प्यारा देश हमारा
सूरज बनकर जग पर चमके
भारत नाम सुभागा
जय हो॰ ॰ ॰
जय हो॰ ॰ ॰
जय हो॰ ॰ ॰
जय हो॰ ॰ ॰
जय जय जय जय हो॰ ॰ ॰
भारत नाम सुभागा

 

7 Responses to "Shubh Sukh Chain Ki Barkha Barse"

Dear Sadanand ji,

Just a minor correction about “Jana Gana Mana”. It was first performed in Hotel Atlantic in Hamburg on September 11, 1942, in the presence of Netaji, the Mayor of Hamburg, representatives of German Govt. and other dignitaries. On this occasion of the founding of the Indo-German Association, the Radio Symphony Orchestra of Hamburg played the then German National Anthem and the “Jana Gana Mana” which was selected by Netaji as the Anthem of the “Free-India Centre”, which was then recognised by Germany and Italy.

The German Orchestra was conducted by one EIGEL KRUETTGE. One of the followers of Netaji made a recording of the performance and somehow, the recording survived and today is part of the National Archives. Here is an extract :

The story does not end there. In early January 1950, an Indian delegation had attended the UN General Assembly and when the time came to play the National Anthem of India, one of the Members who was carrying a copy of the recording handed it over to the UN Orchestra, which played the JGM as the National Anthem of India.

This paved the way for JGM to be selected as the National Anthem by the Constituent Assembly.

With warm regards

PARTHA CHANDA

Liked by 1 person

Partha Chanda ji,
Thanks for the additional information about the German and the UN connections of our National Anthem, ‘jana gana mana’ . Both these places, I guess, it was played as orchestra with the tune originally composed by Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore..

My mentioning about Netaji adopting ‘jana gana mana’ was in the context of its Hindustani version which was adopted as the National Anthem ( also called ‘Kaumi Taraana’) of the Provisional Governemnt under INA in 1943. INA consisted of persons drawn from all over India. Therefore, Netaji wanted the National Anthem in the common language which could be easily understood. Afterall, for awakening, the singers and listeners must understand the meanings of the words.

Liked by 1 person

This song is one of the most popular songs of “Azad Hind Fauz” of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. It reminded me of my childhood school days. In 1952-53, when I was in Class II or III, “Shubh Sukh Chain ki” was always printed on the back covers of our exercise books (स्कूल की कॉपी के पिछले पृष्ठ पर). Children were very fond of this song since it used to sound quite similar to our National Anthem. However, it was appearing more palatable than our National Anthem. Readers may be aware that there were many beautiful musical songs created by Azad Hind Fauz, which are not heard nowadays. Another such song was “sabse achha hai jag mein ye, jhanda hamara, jhanda hamara; Neta ji ise azad karengen”

Liked by 1 person

Bimal ji,

There are some INA songs available on Youtube. In fact, there were songs createrd for each of INA Brigades – Gandhi Brigade, Nehru Brigade, Subhash Brigade, Rani Jhansi Regiment, Balak Sena etc.

There is one INA song in qawwali format,
‘Jai Hind ka naara goonj utha, haathon mein tiranga thaam liya’:

Like

Sadanand Ji, very interesting post. I too with my limited reading of Netaji’s life, believed that Netaji, in fact, died in the air crash. (and that everything else–mostly a figment of wild imagination).
Your post has made me want to watch movie ‘Gumnaami’ :))

Like

Satish ji,
Thanks.
Do watch the movie and experience as to how it makes you to rethink about the alternative possibilities. And this is the triumphs of Prosenjit, Anirban Bhattacharya and the director, Srijit Mukherjee who make us to look afresh of the mysteries associated with the death of Netaji.

Like

Dear Satish ji,

When you watch the Film, “Gumnaami”, do pay particular attention to the written text at the very end. Some pertinent points are : If in fact Netaji died in the air crash, why has no DNA test been conducted with the ashes preserved in the temple in Tokyo; also why the report of the last commission was never revealed.

Successive Govts., across the political spectrum have kept some facts under wraps, ostensibly to avoid fall out in relations with friendly Countries.

The real question remains – “Who benefits from Netaji’s death being shrouded in mystery?”.

With warm regards

PARTHA CHANDA

Like

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