Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Song of 1939’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day:

4354 Post No. : 15670

Today’s song is from the film Sant Tulsidas-1939. The first film on Tulsidas came in 1934, the second in 1939 and the third in 1972. In all, there were 13 films on various saints of India. Sant Dnyaneshwar (40, 64, 81), Sant Janabai-49, Sant Raghu-57, Sant Ravidas-2007, Sant Ravidas ki amar kahani–83, Sant Sakhu-41, Sant Tukaram-48 and Sant Tulsidas-34, 39, 72.

Basically, Indians are religious minded, – Indians means, of any religion, be it Hindu, Muslim or Christian or any other faith. Our common culture is like that. Most traditions are similar in all religions in India. For example, Hindus say ” Atithi Devo Bhava ” (अतिथी देवो भव ). Guest is God. All Indians, irrespective of their religions, give due respect to their guests. ” Respect the elders ” is another tradition. This too is followed by every Indian-of any religion- in India. Sometimes I feel, in India, our lives are more governed by the culture than religion. One can occasionally find an Atheist, but you can never find an Indian without following culture and traditions. This is a major difference between an Indian and the other Nationals.

If you take a look at our religion, it is not just ‘ one of the ‘ , but the only tolerant religion in the world, which is also adaptive to times. There is enough elasticity in Hinduism to make suitable changes in the implementation of Karmkand, as per the needs of the times. This has made it survive for thousands of years. For example, once Untouchability was a great ill, but due to the hard work of our saints over the years, this is eradicated. Women’s entry into temples, only Male Pujaris and several such matters are corrected and accepted. The main principle is ” different religions are different roads to reach God “. So, every road is respected. Due to this principle, with 80 % population of one religion, many other religions have happily thrived here. What’s more, in most eras, Minority rulers were accepted by the Majority.

Our culture allows opposition to its principles. It respects the ” other ” point of view too. In which other country would you find temples for its religious enemies ? Only in India, you have not just one, but several temples of villains like Ravan, Duryodhan, Shakuni etc. There is a Ravan temple one each in Bisrakh-U.P., Mandsaur-M.P., Kakinada in A.P. and in Jodhpur-Rajasthan- where Ravan is considered as their Son In Law, because Mandodari was born here.

There is a Duryodhan Temple in Kollam, Kerala and a temple for Shakuni also in the same town. There are also other temples like for Gandhari in Mysore, Karna in Uttarkashi, Hidimba in Manali-H.P., Draupadi in Bangalore and also for Jatayu in Nashik district !

The point I am trying to stress is that in India, several saints came, but none has preached hatred against other religions. They all taught us good ways of living with all and how the ultimate aim should be to be with God. Sant Tulsidas was also no different than others . His biggest work was to translate Valmiki Ramayan into an easy to understand common man’s language.

Film companies developed interest in making saint movies, when Prabhat’s Marathi film ‘ Sant Tukaram ‘-36 became successful. It won praise throughout the world, won several awards and the international Film Festival at Venis declared it as one of the 3 Greatest films of the world ! The film ran for 57 weeks at Central Talkies, Bombay and all over India, it grossed over 7 lakh rupees in those days. The acting of Vishnupant Pagnis in this film was appreciated much.

Considering all this, the commercial potential of such films was understood by Sardar Chandulal Shah of Ranjit Films. He decided to make a Bilingual film on Tulsidas, with Pagnis in the lead role. However Pagnis was on contract with Prabhat films. Chandulal met Shantaram and negotiated a deal to borrow Pagnis and story writer Shivram Vashikar for film Tulsidas.

The director of the film was Jayant Desai and MD for the Hindi version was Gyan Dutt and for Marathi it was Vishnupant himself. As against 14 songs in the Hindi version, there were 21 songs in Marathi version. Almost all songs of this film became popular. The Prabhat film Tukaram was devoid of any Miracles or trick scenes, but Chandulal decided to include as many trick scenes and Miracles, as possible in film Tulsidas.

The songs were written by P L Santoshi and Pt. Indra. For Marathi version, S A Shukla was the lyricist. Naren Mukherji was the assistant to Gyan Mukherjee for this film. The cast of the film was Vishnupant Pagnis, Leela Chitnis, Keshavrao Datey, Bandopant Sohoni, Ram Marathe, Vasanti, Kantilal and others.

Vishnupant Pagnis was born in a small place Chikodi, near Kolhapur, on 1-11-1892, in a lower middle class family. After formal education, he was assisted by Shahu Maharaj of Kolhapur state to join a Drama company at the age of 10 years. He sang naturally, without any training from an expert. He was a popular artiste doing female roles, till his entry in films. He shifted to work in various drama companies including “Lalit Kaladarsh” of Mama Varerkar- a name connected with many Marathi and Hindi films of that time. In 1913, he floated his own company ‘Jagchitradarsh’, only to wind up after two years in 1915. He continued working in dramas and doing female roles, for which he was famous in those times.

After a few years, he left drama acting. In 1920, he worked in a silent film, Surekha Haran. In this film V Shantaram had also acted. After this he worked as a Music Teacher in Municipal school at Girgaum in Bombay. After his wife died, he lived with his friend Petkar. They started a Gold Jewellery shop “Pagnis Petkar and Mandali” in Girgaon.

When Prabhat Film company planned to make Sant Tukaram, a search was undertaken for the main role and the main female role. This was in early 1936 and he was selected for the role of Tukaram, while a worker in the Prabhat company-Gauri – was selected as his wife. The Director duo of the film- Damle and Fattelal- were not happy about his selection, because his name was associated with female roles. But this became his strong point for the film in which he portrayed a soft, kind and loving Tukaram. He did the role so well that the film Sant Tukaram became an International Hit, in addition to running to full houses in Non Marathi areas like Madras Presidency, covering Andhra, Tamilnadu, Kerala and Karnataka and also in Bengal and Punjab. He became an actor in great demand for Saint films. After the film Sant Tukaram, hundreds of people used to crowd in his shop at Girgaum to pay respects and touch his feet as Tukaram. He also always dressed like Tukaram thereafter !

Vishnupant Pagnis worked in 4 more such films, namely Sant Tulsidas-39, Narsi Bhagat-43, Bhakta Raj-43 and his last film Mahatma Vidur-43. He also gave music to 2 films, Sant Janabai- 38 and Sant Tulsidas-39 (Marathi). These two and Mahatma Vidur were also made in Marathi language. His most famous film Sant Tukaram was released in Hindi only in 1948, but without his songs, because he had died on 3-10-1943. The MD- Snehal Bhatkar sang his songs in the Hindi version.

Vishnupant Pagnis did the immortal role of Tukaram in his first film and then lived the role throughout his life, though he did 4 more films in the same Genre of Saint films. His name became famous not only in India but also in other countries, when this film was hailed as “one of the 3 Best films in the world” at the Venice Film Festival, where it won accolades. Records of his Bhajans from this film created records ( we too had these records in our house in the 40s.) Even today this film is shown and discussed in the film Institutes of many countries. Many books, essays and articles are published on this film. His performance as Tukaram has become a major reference-point in debates about Indian performance idioms: e.g. Kumar Shahani’s essay The Saint Poets of Prabhat, 1981; Geeta Kapur’s Mythic Material in Indian Cinema, 1987 etc etc.

The story of Tulsidas is well known. Ranjit Studio’s big-budget miracle-laden saint film was on Tulsidas (16th C.), who rewrote Valmiki’s Ramayana in Hindi. To the despair of his teacher Narahari Guru (Sohoni), who hopes that Tulsidas (Pagnis) will make the classic text accessible to the people, the poet spends time with his beloved wife Ratnavali (Chitnis). The dramatic pivot of the story comes when Tulsidas discovers his life’s location amid howling wind and a river in spate. He becomes an ascetic and settles down in Benares where his translation threatens the Brahminical clergy, until then sole proprietors of the wisdom of the Sanskrit text. Their representative, Batteshwar Shastri (Datey), persecutes Tulsidas who is rescued through divine intervention.

Today’s song is a solo song by Vishnupant Pagnis. It is dripping with Bhakti Ras.

(Ack: information for this post is culled, with thanks, from books – ” A Primer of Hinduism” by D S Sarma, Santpatanchi Santwani (संतपटांची संतवाणी ) by Isak Mujawar, Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema and my notes)


Song-Mujhe Raam se koi mila de (Sant Tulsidas)(1939) Singer- Vishnupant Pagnis, Lyricist- P L Santoshi, MD- Gyan Dutt

Lyrics

Raam se koi mila de…
mujhe Raam se koi mila de
mujhe Raam se koi mila de
bin laathhi ka nikla andha
bin laathhi ka nikla andha
raah se koi lagaa de ae
mujhe Raam se koi mila de
mujhe Raam se koi mila de
mujhe Raam se koi mila de

koi kahe wo basey Avadh mein
koi kahey Vrindaawan mein

koi kahe wo basey Avadh mein
koi kahey Vrindaawan mein
koi kahey teerath mandir mein
koi kahey milte ban mein

koi kahey teerath mandir mein
koi kahey milte ban mein
dekh sakoon main un ko man mein
dekh sakoon main un ko man mein
aisi jyot jagaa de ae
mujhe Raam se koi mila de
mujhe Raam se koi mila de
mujhe Raam se koi mila de
bin laathhi ka nikla andha
bin laathhi ka nikla andha
raah se koi lagaa de ae
mujhe Raam se koi mila de
mujhe Raam se koi mila de
mujhe Raam se koi mila de


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4281 Post No. : 15523 Movie Count :

4279

Today’s song is from an old film Baaghi-1939. Same title films were also made in 1953, 1964, 1990 and 2000. In addition the word Baaghi was used as a prefix in few more films, like Baaghi Aurat-2000 or Baaghi Sipahi-36 etc .

Today’s film was made by Vishnu Cinetone and it was directed by the banner’s owner Dhirubhai Desai, a veteran in Costume and other C grade films. The film had other names like ‘ Bandkhor (बंडखोर )’ and ‘Sarfarosh’. This double or treble name system was prevalent in film industry since the Silent films. For silent films such multiple names were justified and necessary, because silent films ran in different language regions. So, for the benefit of local audience, these films were advertised in different names. Somehow this system continued even after Talkie films started, though its utility had diminished when films had dialogues and were shown all over the country, but still, one finds that this trend continued. Nowadays, I find that almost every film has an indicative Tag line.

In the Hindi film industry,there are 4 types of people.

The first type is of those people,who join this industry,struggle very hard and succeed in fulfilling their dreams,for example Guru Dutt, Mehboob, Johnny Walker, Lata Mangeshkar, Mohd.Rafi etc. who are well known to all by now.

The second type of people are those who join the industry,struggle very hard ,do not succeed and leave dejected.

The third type is those people who have a filmi connection or a strong luck,who join,struggle a bit and succeed, like for example,Raj Kapoor, Dev Anand, Dilip kumar, Rakesh and Rajesh Roshan, Anand Milind, Nanda, Nargis, Meena Kumari etc.

And….. the fourth type is those people who join the industry, struggle very hard and succeed partly, but end up doing something else,to keep them sustaining here.

The industry is full of people of the 4th type. People who come with dreams in their eyes, but end up doing something else. People who start as a Hero in 2-3 films,settle for side roles and finally character roles, like Dev Kumar, Sujit Kumar, Jeevan etc.

Not only this but we have examples where they started with something else and ended with a totally different thing and succeeded.For Example,Guru Dutt started as a Choreographer/dance Director (Lakharani-45) and ended up Actor/Director, Ashok kumar started as a Lab Technician in photography but became a great actor and Amiya Chakravarty who started as a Canteen Manager in Bombay Talkies,for which, later, he directed finest movies. Kanhaiyalal and Mirza Musharraf came here to become Lyricist, but ended as Comedians.

All such cases do not end happily. In most cases, the artiste has to make compromise with his fate. One such artiste was Music Director Jimmy, who came to films to make a career as a singer. He did not succeed as a singer, but having settled for a career of a Composer, here too he was not much successful. Today’s duet is sung by him.

Composer Jimmy is one of those little known composers who never got fame or name in spite of their Talents. His real name was JAMES SINGH. He was a Christian sikh from Ludhiana. He was educated in Delhi.He started his career in Hindi films as a singer in Chorus. He sang 7 songs in 6 films (Imandar-39, Baghi-39, Pyar-40, Anjaam-40, Jadoo Nagri-40, and Maaya Nagri-44). He could play many western instruments, especially all types of Guitars.When he failed as a singer, he became assistant to many composers. Finally, he got his chance to compose few songs for film ‘Muqaddar-50’, though with Khemchand Prakash and Bhola Shreshtha. He composed 2 duets of Asha and Kishore. The credit of composing the First ” Yodelling ” song of Kishore kumar goes to Jimmy. Kishore ‘yodelled ‘ first time in this film.

Jimmy then gave music to 14 more films like, Shrimatiji-52, Smuggler-59, Awara Shehzadi-56, Sher e Baghdad-57, Nek khatoon-59, Pathan-62, Miss chaalbaz-61, Tarzan and Gorilla-63, Duniya hai dilwalon ki-66, Pyar ki Baazi-67, Tarzan in fairy land-68, Aakhir-84, Khoon aur sazaa-86 and his last film, Sachhi Ibadat-1987. Inspite of giving sweet and melodious songs of a variety, Jimmy never came up to A class. He always remained a composer for C grade films. Anyway, as long as Kishore’s yodelling is heard,Jimmy’s name will be remembered. For singing,he used the name James Singh and as a Music Director he used Jimmy. (Like Chitalkar and C Ramchandra) .

The cast of film Baaghi-39 was Mehtab, Shamim, Amirbai karnataki (who sang as Amir jan), Anwari, Anil kumar (real name Sardar Gul), Ashraf Khan, Master Shiraz and many others. Actress Anwari, who acted in this film , was from a Tawayaf family of Lucknow. She started her acting career with film Heer Ranjha-32 opposite Rafiq Ghaznavi and then she acted in film Pooran Bhagat-1932, along with K L Saigal. She did the role of Rani Uchharan.

She joined East India Film co. and worked in films like Aurat ka pyar-33, Night Bird-34, Nagin-34 and Mumtaz Begum-34. She had also acted in another NT film Chandidas-34. She shifted her base to Bombay and worked in several films for next four decades. Her last film was Chaitali-1975. In all she did 140 films. She was known as ‘ Pride of Lucknow’ during her peak period. She was credited variously as Anwari Begum, Anwari, and Anwari bai.

Actress Anwari was the second wife of Rafiq Ghaznavi with whom she had a daughter, Zarina. Later, Zarina changed her name to Nasreen and worked in director A.R. Kardar’s movie, ‘Shah Jehan’ and Daud Chand’s movie, ‘Aik Roaz.’ Later Zarina married Liaqat Gul Agha, a rich Jeweller of Pakistan and they settled in London. She became Zarina Agha. Further, Zarina Agha’s daughter, Salma Agha, achieved great name and fame as a singing star. She expired somewhere in early 80s.

Anwari and Rafiq Ghaznavi were divorced (or separated) after Zarina/Nasreen’s birth, and Anwari then married a rich Hindu businessman named Jugal Kishore Mehra ( Maternal uncle-Mama- of Raj Kapoor). In order to marry Anwari, Jugal Kishore Mehra abandoned not only his family but also his religion; he became a Muslim and took the name Ahmed Salman. Since Anwari had a child, Jugal Kishore Mehra effectively became the father of the infant Zarina/Nasreen.

The most interesting name in the cast is that of Master Shiraz. He was one of the most popular and very famous Heros in the silent era. Like many others, when the Talkie era began, he too was relegated to the background and with great difficulty could get character roles in films. His first Talkie film was Mast Faqir-1934. He sang one song each in 2 films- Baghdad ka chor-34 and Chalta Purja-34. He continued doing roles in films.

During his good times, he had learnt the art of Massaging, as a Hobby and this became his last straw for survival. When film roles were not available, he used to roam about with his kit and do Massaging to earn a living. After doing about 26 films, till Naiya-47, he stopped getting credited in the cast. Now he worked as an extra.

He was last seen in film Guddi-1971- doing massage to Omprakash in one scene. In that film, Dharmendra tells Jaya Bhaduri (Guddi) that Master Shiraj was a star in silent film era. Director Hrishikesh Mukherjee ensured that Shiraj got his name in the film credits of Guddi-71.

Master Shiraj was just one of those unfortunate film artistes who spent their end-time in a very pathetic manner. Some other examples are- actor/singer Parshuram- died on road as a beggar, Singer Vatsala Kumthekar- died on road as a mad beggar,Wasti was seen begging near Liberty cinema and Rattanbai was seen begging near Haji Ali. There are many more such stories. The world of films is the most unpredictable and unless the artiste is wise to secure his future, there is no light at the end of the tunnel !

Today’s song is sung by Shamim and James Singh. The song is composed by Shanti Kumar Desai and is of average quality, but it has special importance as it is sung by James Singh, whose songs are not available much. With this song, film Baaghi -39 makes its Debut on the Blog.

( information used in this article is culled from various sources like Encyclopedia of Indian Films, Film Directory-46, The Lost Treasure by Kamlakar Pasupuleti, our beloved Pakistan by Anis Shukur, HFGK and my notes. Thanks to all)


Song-Tu Ban ka Raja tu ban ki raani (Baaghi)(1939) Singers- Shamim, James Singh, Lyricist- Gaurishankar Lal ‘Akhtar’, MD- Shanti Kumar Desai
Both

Lyrics

Tu ban ka Raja
tu ban ki Raani
Tu ban ka Raja
megha banke garje chaaron oar re
tu ban ki Raani
bijri ban ker chamke chaaron oar re

Tu ban ka Raja
megha banke garje chaaron oar re
tu ban ki Raani
bijri ban ker chamke chaaron oar re

main kaise tumhen rijhaaun
aur kya kya ban kar aaun
main kaise tumhen rijhaaun
aur kya kya ban kar aaun
main saagar ban kar dhoom dhaam se
chaaron taraf lahraaun

main sarita bankar us saagar ki dhaar se dhaar milaaun
main saagar ban kar dhoom dhaam se
chaaron taraf lahraaun

main sarita bankar us saagar ki dhaar se dhaar milaaun

main baadal ban ka
jhoom jhoom kar swaati jal barsaaun

main papeeha ban kar wo jal dhaara
pee ke amar ho jaaun
main baadal ban ka
jhoom jhoom kar swaati jal barsaaun

main papeeha ban kar wo jal dhaara
pee ke amar ho jaaun
ho ban ka raaja
ban ki raani
ham hain ban ke
raaja raani
ham hain ban ke raaja raani


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4211 Post No. : 14409 Movie Count :

4245

Today’s song is from the film Nav Jeevan-1939. It was a film made by Bombay Talkies, one of the heavyweight film making companies of those times. Bombay Talkies and Prabhat Film company of Poona were the companies that tackled offbeat and social reform issues through their films. They generally, combined social work with entertainment successfully and therefore their films became popular.

The owners of Bombay Talkies, Himanshu Roy and Devika Rani were Bengali. The company, no doubt, helped and gave opportunities to many capable Bangla artistes in different fields of film making, like cinematography, direction, acting etc. However, they were also known to recognise talents and offered opportunities to right persons irrespective of language, caste or religion – Bangla or non Bangla. Both the owners were foreign educated and Himanshu Roy had been in Germany to make films. Very few people know that his first wife was a German lady !

The couple had a soft corner for Germans because of their personal experiences. This was evident from the fact that Bombay Talkies had employed a team of German Technicians and other specialists like Director, Cinematographer etc. In the early stages of Bombay Talkies, from 1935 to 1939, almost all their films were directed by Franz Osten – a German.

Germany had a very good name in India during the olden days i.e. during the early part of the last century. I remember, my Grandfather ( who expired in 1975 at the age of 91 years) always praising Germany for so many things. In India, all things German were considered the Best- even better than the Vilayati or the British things !

Very few people know that Indian Cinema had a little known connection with the rise of Hitler in Germany in 1932-33. A group of men engaged in Cinema in Germany, flocked to India in the 30’s and played a vital role in Indian Cinema and the arts of that times. After Hitler took over Germany in 1933, the German Cine Studio’s glory days were over and they were turned into Nazi Propaganda Machines !

It was at this time that several of its men ( mostly persecuted Jews) left the studio and some arrived in India, and contributed to Indian cinema’s formative years.

The foremost among them is Frantz Osten, a German whom Himanshu Rai and Devika Rani met at the USA when they went to train there (they worked with Lang and Marlene Dietrich). Osten had already been directing films for the couple since 1925, when he made Light of Asia for them from Germany.

In 1934, he came to India and the next year, after Rai founded Bombay Talkies ‘the legendary film studio in Malad that now lies in ruins,’ Osten directed its first film.

He went on to direct the famous Devika Rani-Ashok Kumar starrer, Achhyut Kanya, without much knowledge of Hindi. The film, which featured the song “Main ban ke chiriya”, was shot by Cinematographer Joseph Wirsching; the sets were designed by Karl von Spreti, the laboratory was headed by Zolle, and the sound recordist was Len Heartley. This was Osten’s team of USA ex-members who worked for Rai’s state-of-the-art studio.

Osten and his fellow Germans directed 16 films for Rai. It was a remarkable feat for people who knew little Hindi mistaking the word “bulbul” once, for a pair of bulls.

“It’s not clear if they had anything to do with the Nazi ideology, either way,” said film historian Amrit Gangar.

“If they did, it did not show in their films. But there were two other people who almost certainly migrated to India because of the persecution of Jews.”

Franz Osten(23-12-1876 to 2-12-1956) Hindi director, was born in Munich as Franz Ostermayer, the elder brother of successful producer Peter Ostermayer. They set up a travelling cinema, Original Physograph (1907) and founded Munchner Kunstfilm (1909) after Osten had been making shorts for Pathé, Gaumont and Eclair. Their first feature: Die Wahrheit (1910). Osten’s début as director: Erna Valeska (1911). War correspondent in 1915. Joined Peter’s company Emelka (later Bavaria Film) in 1918. Made Der Ochsenkrieg (1920) with young cameraman Frank Planer of later Hollywood fame, one of Osten’s several contributions to a budding genre that after WW2 became known as the Heimatfilm. In fact, the Ostermayr/Osten brothers claimed to be the originators of the genre.

When Himanshu Rai and Emelka made a deal to produce Prem Sanyas aka Light of Asia, Osten was assigned to direct. Continued directing Rai’s productions, often shooting in India as well as in Europe, in addition to directing for numerous companies in Berlin. Moved with cameraman Josef Wirsching and set designer Karl von Spreti to India to work at Himansu Rai’s Bombay Talkies (1934).

While in Bombay, became a member of the Nazi Party (1936). He was interned by the British at the outbreak of WW2 while shooting his last film there, Kangan. Released and allowed to return to Germany (1940). Employed by Bavaria Film until 1945, for casting and setting up its film archive. In addition to Indian films, directed 33 silent features and 10 sound films.

After WW2 became manager of a Bavarian spa. His Indian films, following UFA tradition, were huge Orientalist spectacles with elephants, camels and expansive vistas often shot in deep focus. Effective authorship shared by producer Rai and scenarist Niranjan Pal. Adopted European conventions to introduce main actors, e.g. backlit mid-shots in soft focus gradually becoming more contrasted; also used mobile outdoor shots as in the railway-crossing sequence of Achhut Kanya. Strongly influenced younger Bombay Talkies film-makers Amiya Chakrabarty and Gyan Mukherjee, though they used his techniques for very different purposes.

Filmography-1925: Prem Sanyas, 1928: Shiraz, 1929: Prapancha Pash, 1935: Jawani Ki Hawa, 1936: Achhut Kanya, Janmabhoomi, Jeevan Naiya, Mamata, Miya Bibi, 1937: Izzat, Jeevan Prabhat, Prem Kahani, Savitri, 1938: Bhabhi, Nirmala, Vachan, 1939: Durga, Kangan, Navjeevan

In addition to the German team in Bombay Talkies, there were three more Germans who also came to India and worked in Hindi films. One was Walter Kauffman (1-4-1907 to 9-9-1984). The other was Wilhelm Haas (18-6-1915 to 30-3-1979), who was a writer. Both were Jews and friends. Kauffman, Haas and Bhavnani worked together in Premnagar (1940), Naushad’s first film as music director. Kauffman composed the background score; Haas wrote the screenplay.

“It is debatable, but Kauffman is probably also the person behind the All India Radio signature tune. Haas was a member of the Indian chapter of PEN,” Gangar said. Haas also wrote the script for Bhavnani’s Jhooti Sharam (1939).

The third German was Paul Zils ( 1-6-1915 to 30-3-1979 ). Zils, believed to be a Nazi sympathizer, turned up in India under strange circumstances: he was bound for Indonesia in a steamer that got torpedoed by an Indian naval ship during World War II and he was taken prisoner.

After his release, because of his film experiences, the leadership of the sales department in Ezra Mir led government documentary production company called him to join Information films of India. End of October 1945, he came to Bombay and started his work. Following the closure of the Information Films of India, Zils was freelancing and in 1948 founded his own company Documentary Films of India; in 1949 India created new state production company Films Division. To popularize the documentary he was supported in 1949 among others by Mulk Raj Anand , B.K.Karanjia , Vikram Sarabhai , Frene Talyarkhan and Jagmohan.

1950-1952 is Zils tried as a feature film director, turning three films with Dev Anand. Paul Zils directed 3 Dev Anand films, according to the documents. Hindustan Hamara-50 and Zalzala-52 are found in HFGK, but the third film called ‘ Shabash”, though listed in 1949, gives no details, except the film name.

Paul Zils was also active in organizations of filmmakers. From 1957 to 1959 he was president of the Indian Documentary Producers Association (IDPA). In March 1959 he returned to Germany.

As the studio system came to an end and individual producers took over, the days of the Germans in Indian cinema were over. Many, including Osten, went back to Germany. Set designer Spreti was appointed German ambassador to Guatemala and was later shot dead by terrorists.

Most of the others remained associated with the film world abroad.

Film Nav Jeevan-39 had music by Saraswati Devi (a Parsee). Amongst the first 3 women Music Directors of India – the first being Ishrat Sultana aka Bibbo, the second was Jaddanbai and then came Saraswati Devi (1912-10.8.1980) – she was the most consistent and prolific composer. She gave music to 31 films, composing 262 songs. She also sang 10 songs in 6 films.

The cast of the film was Hansa Wadkar, Rama Shukul, V H Desai, Mumtaz Ali, P F Peethawala, Lalita Deulkar and many others. Today’s song is written by J.S. Kashyap and this duet is sung by Lalita Deulkar and Balwant Singh.

LALITA was born in Bombay in 1924.She was not interested in acting or singing, but poor family conditions and father’s T.B. forced her to earn a living by singing and acting. During 1940-45, she recorded many songs. One Mr. Dulerai Pandya, a Gujarati, owned “The National Recording Co.Ltd.” in Bombay’s fort area. There was a Tricolour shown on the labels of the records,hence this company was known as Jhandewali record co.. V.Shantaram was also on its Board of Directors. Initially Prabhat and later Rajkamal film songs were issued on this Jhanda Chhap records only. The company had hired Datta Davjekar for Marathi and Avinash vyas and Lallubhai Bhojak for Hindi and Gujarati songs. She recorded many Darya songs and Bhavgeets in this company.Along with her, Gajanan Watwe, Jyotsna Bhole also recorded songs here. Some records named her as Lalita Devi. Once Saraswati Devi heard her and gave her chance to do small roles and sing in chorus of songs of Bombay Talkies films. Her Debut was made with the song ” Raja hamen na niharo”. It was a duet with Balwant Singh, in film Navjeevan-39.

After singing songs in films like Parbat pe apna dera-44,Valmiki-46 and Eight Days-46,she got a good break in film Saajan-1947. Her duet with Rafi, ” Humko tumhara hi aasra” is remembered even today. Film Nadiya ke paar-48 also had a duet with Rafi,”More raja ho,le chal nadiya ke paar” which was very popular. C.Ramchandra was MD for both these films. She sang in several other films like Bhakta Dhruv,Khidki,Jalan,Shaheed,Shakti,Vidya,Bedard,Daulat,Girls school,Jai Bheem,Roshni,Sanwariya,Shabnam,Apni Chhaya,Malti Madhav,Pahli Tarikh,Sajni etc.

In all she acted in 5 films and sang 79 songs in 36 films.

She got married to Composer Sudhir Phadke (25-7-1919 to 29-7-2002),on 29-5-1949 at Poona. Their common friend Mohd. Rafi sang a specially prepared and meticulously rehearsed ” Mangalashtak ” ( an eight stanza marriage song in Marathi), in their marriage. After marriage she sang only in films of Sudhir Phadke. After Sajni-56, she stopped singing completely and became a devoted housewife. She died on 25-5-2010. Their son Shridhar Phadke is a well known Marathi singer and composer.

The male voice in this duet belongs to Balwant Singh. BALWANT SINGH was born in Pandoga village of Hoshiyarpur on 9-12-1918 in a Jahagirdar’s family. He was quite rich.

After a training from Pt.Bhishmadev in classical music, he came to Bombay and joined Bombay Talkies at the age of 18 years. He first gave Playback in Jeevan Prabhat-37. In Nirmala-38 he acted and also sang a song. Then came Durga-39 where also he acted and sang.

V.Shantaram cast him in Padosi-41 and his songs in this film were hits.

He was Hero in Darpan, Swapna, Malan, Naukar, Paraya Dhan, Ashirwaad, Collegian, Dr.Kumar, Bhanwar, Hip hip hurray and Apni chhaya-50 etc. As a hero he sang less songs. His songs with Shanta Hublikar(Malan) and Parul Ghosh and Khan Mastana(Bhanwar) were very popular. He also acted in Nirmala,Vachan and Kangan.

In all, he acted in 18 films, sang 20 songs in 10 films and also wrote 6 songs in film Sumitra-1949.

He married a girl from the royal family of Palanpur, Gujarat. After leaving films, he worked in All India Radio for 4 years. The signature tune played just before the morning broadcast was composed by Balwant Singh, for A.I.R.

Then he settled in Ahmadabad, directing Dramas and Teaching music. Finally, he shifted to Ludhiana where, after a long illness, he died on 4-12-1985.

With today’s song, film Nav Jeevan-1939, makes its Debut here.

( Some information used herein is from the book ” The music that rings every dawn ” by Historian Amrit Gangar ji, The Record news Bulletins of S.I.R.C , Prof. Yogesh yadav ji’s book ” Hindi film singers ” and Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema. My thanks to these sources.)

Audio

Video

Song-Raja hamen na nihaaro (Navjeevan)(1939) Singers-Lalita Deulkar, Balwant Singh, Lyricist- Jamuna Swarup Kashyap ‘Natwan’, MD-Saraswati Devi
Both

Lyrics

Raja hamen na nihaaro
o raja hamen na nihaaro
hamen to lag jaayegi najariya
ho raam
hamen to lag jaayegi najariya re

tirchhi najariya patri kamariya
tirchhi najariya patri kamariya

chhedo hamen na sanwariya
haan haan
chhedo hamen na sanwariya
haan haan
chhedo hamen na sanwariya
hamaari baali umariya
ho raam
hamen to lag jaayegi najariya
ho raam
hamen to lag jaayegi najariya re

kaun des se aayi gujariya
kaun des se aayi gujariya
ka matki bhar laayi gujariya
ka matki bhar laayi gujariya

brindawan ?? aayi gujariya
prem preet ras aagi gujariya
brindawan ?? aayi gujariya
prem preet ras aagi gujariya
daasi tihaari rasiyaa
haan haan
daasi tihaari rasiyaa
haan
daasi tihaari rasiyaa
sang sang beete umariya
ho raam
hamaari beete umariya
ho raam
hamaari beete umariya re


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day : 4113 Post No. : 15264

Today’s song is from an old film Ek hi Rasta-39. The film was made by Sagar movietone. It was directed by Mehboob Khan and the music was by Anil Biswas. These two legends actually established themselves in the cinema industry through Sagar Movietyone, which rightly included their names in their list of ” Jewels of Sagar “.

Anil Biswas (7-7-1914 to 31-5-2003), however, had already done 9 films as a Music Director (Dharam ki Devi-35, Bharat ki Beti-35, Bal hatya-35, Shokh Dilruba-36, Sher ka panja-36, Sangdil Samaj-36, Prem Bandhan-36, Pratima -36 and Pyar ki Jogan-36) before coming to Saqgar Movietone. Of course, none of these films were famous or hits. He got success with his film Manmohan–36 from Sagar, first time. The film was also a Milestone for Sagar. Director Mehboob Khan (9-9-1907 to 28-5-1964) also had already directed one film – Al Hilal-35 very successfully and Manmohan- 36 was his second film as a director in Sagar, equally successful again.

The two became thick friends. Anil Biswas used to call him ‘ Mawali ‘ and Mehboob khan called him ‘ Bangali ‘. Cameraman Faredoon Irani also joined them and three friends enjoyed work and life together in Sagar and in National Studios, till, due to differences of work philosophies, these friends parted ways and Anil Biswas separated from the two others, never to work together ever again in life. They had worked together in 6 films (5 Sagar and 1 National Studios). Mehboob Khan directed 8 films for Sagar and 2 for National Studios. Anil Biswas was MD for 11 Sagar films and 2 films of National.

Film Ek hi Rasta-39 or The Only Way, was the first Multi-Hero film in India. It had 3 Heros and 2 Heroines. Heros were Shaikh Mukhtar, Harish and Arun Ahuja and Heroines were Anuradha and Jyoti. The real name of Anuradha was Khurshid Akhtar (same as Shyama). She was the youngest sister of actresses Miss Zohra and Mushtari. After Miss Zohra separated from her husband Rafiq Ghaznavi, Anuradha had married him. Jyhoti’s real name was Sitara Bai. She was singer actress Wahidan Bai’s younger sister. Nimmi was Wahidan’s daughter- who married singer G M Durrani.

Film Ek hi Rasta was based on two Hollywood films, namely ‘ The road back’-37 and ‘ Seventh Heaven’-37. The second world war had just begun. Mehboob tried to depict the ill effects of war in an artistic way in this film. The main Hero of the film was Arun Ahuja.

Arun Ahuja’s real name was Gulshan Singh Ahuja, a Sikh, born on 26-1-1918 at Gujaranwala (now in Pakistan). After the school education, he joined Mughalpura Engineering college and secured an Engineer’s degree in 1937. During his college life he had won the Best Football player of the year award. Mehboob Khan was on a Talent Hunt in Lahore. From among the 100 and odd candidates, his choice fell on the well built, athletic, dashing and handsome Gulshan. He was selected and brought to Bombay to act in film Ek hi rasta-39, with a screen name of Arun Ahuja. He was variously billed as Aroon, Arun, Aroon Kumar, Arun Ahuja etc.

His first film was an outstandingly successful hit film. Arun got roles in Bhole Bhale-39 and Civil Marriage-40. Later Mehboob khan took him for film Aurat 40, which he directed for National Studios. The versatile actor acted in over 25 films in 6 years, some of his films were Kanchan, Holiday in Bombay, Beti, Nurse, Savera, Return of Toofan Mail, Shankar Parvati, Andhera, Bharthari, Caravan, Amrapali etc. From 1945 onwards he became a Free lancer.

During the film Savera-42, he fell in love with his co-star – Nirmala. They got married on 5-5-1945. After marriage Nirmala (7-6-1928 to 15-6- 1996) completed 4 pending films and stopped working. Her last film Sudhar was released in 1949. In this film also she paired with Arun. Thus her last film also had her life partner. She acted in only 12 films, but she sang 63 songs in 23 films.

Arun Ahuja was in demand. He continued working in films. He set up his own production company – Arun Productions and he produced 2 films. One film Sehra was released in 1948, but the other film ” Jo hai saajan” remained unreleased for some reasons. Film Sehra was also a huge flop. Arun suffered heavy losses. He tried to work in films to compensate it, but now due to competition from new stars, new films were slow to come, so he did not get many films. His last film was Aulad-54. He had to sell all his property, bungalow, cars and jewellery. He shifted from his bungalow in Bandra to a chawl in far off suburb Virar, with his family, in 1962. Here his last son Govinda was born in 1963.

His health deteriorated. Nirmala decided to revive her singing, to help the financial difficulties of the family. . Composer A R Qureshi arranged her stage programme in Calcutta. It went off with tremendous success and offers started pouring in. She became famous as a Thumri singer. She did many jalsas in India and abroad. Their financial position improved. Their son Govinda also became a big star. He bought a house in Juhu and the family shifted to Juhu for the sake of convenience. However, Arun Ahuja continued to stay in Virar. He did not shift to Juhu.

Arun Ahuja died on 4-7-1998, two years after his dear wife’s death on 15-6-1996.

Film Ek hi rasta-39 was a hit film. Though it was a debut film of Arun, the benefit of the film being a hit went to the other Hero- Shaikh Mukhtar. The tall, strong and not so good looking actor had a meaty role in the film.All the sympathy of the audience went to him when he kills the person who accuses him falsely.

The second world war had just begun in 1939. The film, however, tried to stress that no problem is solved with a war. War is not a solution.Of course, wars do not care what films say. The II WW went on till August 1945, when the Germans were defeated and Hitler committed suicide, along with his lover, after marrying her in the last hour of their life. The Japanese had already surrendered. The film’s story has already been provided in one of the song-posts of this film, so I will not repeat it . The duet song was sung by Wahidan Bai and Anil Biswas.

Not much information is available on Waheedan Bai. Her younger sister Sitara Bai aka Jyoti and her own daughter Nawab Banoo aka Nimmi were actresses. Waheedan Bai was from a Tawayef family. Her daughter Nimmi, had always denied this-understandably too, but Waheedan Bai’s name gave away the true story.

Waheedan Bai belonged to a small town Fatehabad, near Agra. Her father’s name was Basheer khan. She was second amongst 4 sisters. The youngest was Sitara Bai aka Jyoti. Waheedan was a trained and good singer, but Tawayafs did not get social status, so she got married early to one Abdul Hakeem from Nasirabad, settled in Meerut. He had met Waheedan in a shrine in Agra, where she recited verses from Koran.

Soon after their marriage, His father, a contractor with Military, died and Hakim inherited the business. He was a novice and was cheated by his manager and they lost everything. The family moved to Calcutta to start a Leather business. Here also he failed. In Calcutta, their neighbour was director A.R.Kardar. Through his wife, Bahar, Kardar was contacted and he gave a small role to him in a film. Here again he got terrified and ran away, at the time of shooting.

Waheedan came forward and after hearing her singing, she was given a song in the film and it was recorded. Meanwhile Chandulal Shah offered her roles in his films. They shifted to Bombay and she joined Ranjit Movietone. Her first film was Toofani Toli-37. Prithvi Putra-38 was the second film. Her songs in her films were liked and became famous.She worked in other films like Prof. Waman, M.Sc.-38, Rikshawala-38, The Secretary-38 and Thokar-39.

She got acquainted with Mehboob Khan and he offered her lead role opposite Surendra in film Alibaba-40, a Sagar Movietone film initially, but later on sold to Ranjit of Chandulal Shah, in a game of gambling. Film Alibaba-40 was made in Hindi and Punjabi. The film songs became very popular. When Sagar merged into National Studios, she worked in film Sanskar-40.

Waheedan contracted T.B. and left films. She acted in only 8 films and sang 26 songs in 11 films-including her 8 films. She died in 1942.( based on information from the book- Sagar movietone by Biren kothari ji and my notes)

Here is the song. This will be only the 3rd song from this film to feature here. There were 12 songs in the film and the singers were Jyoti, Waheedan bai, Anil Biswas, Harish and Arun Ahuja.


Song-Mujhe mil jaayegi unki dagariya (Ek Hi Raasta)(1939) Singers-Anil Biswas, Wahidan Bai, Lyrics-Pt Indra Chandra, MD-Anil Biswas
Both

Lyrics

mujhe mil jaayegi ee
unki dagariya
mil jaayegi ee
unki dagariya
haan mil jaayegi
chaahe ghir-ghir aaye badariya
chaahe ghir-ghir aaye badariya
mil jaayegi ee
unki dagariya
mil jaayegi ee
unki dagariya
haan mil jaayegi

chaahe panchhi na bole
chaahe panchhi na bole
chaahe chandrmaa aankh na khole
chaahe panchhi na bole
unhe dhoondh nikaalegi hamri najariya
dhoondh nikaalegi hamri najariya
mil jaayegi ee
unki dagariya
mil jaayegi ee
unki dagariya
mil jaayegi

dwaar naya chhat nayi naya ghar
ghar ka sab saamaan naya
dwaar naya chhat nayi naya ghar
ghar ka sab saamaan naya
phir bhi sakhi kahin tikti nahin hai
phir bhi sakhi
phir bhi sakhi kahin tikti nahin hai
vyaakul
vyaakul hamri najariya aa aa
vyaakul
vyaakul hamri najariya

mujhe mil jaayegi unki dagariya
haan mil jaayegi ee unki dagariya
haan mil jaayegi


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3926 Post No. : 14994 Movie Count :

4103

Today’s song is from an old film of the first decade of the Talkie films-Mera Haq aka In search of happiness-39.

When New Theatres in Calcutta started making Talkie films, very soon their Bi-lingual films became very popular. There were quite a few reasons like, good actors, good songs and good distribution network pan India. However, I think, the most important reason of their success was that their films were primarily based on well known novels, dramas and stories. B N Sircar had understood that if the story is strong, the efforts of the Director and Composers will surely make the film a successful one.

The intelligent and business minded film makers of Bombay soon understood this and films on world famous novels, as well as popular Indian stories were made in Bombay too ! Soon, it was clear that more than being honest to the original story, the makers of Bombay were concentrating on commercial successes even at the cost of compromising the written script.

This, I feel was the basic difference between the mindset of the West and East parts of India. Learned, studious and highly principled Bengalese stuck religiously to the original stories, while in Bombay, Saraswati started working for Laksmi ! As the times went by and the Bengal empire of New Theatres crumbled, the importance of solid, strong story base for a film remained only a dream for Bombay. Still, Bangla Directors who came to Bombay in search for greener pasteurs, believed strongly and stuck to strong story base. This was generally the scenario till mid 50’s, after which everyone became commercial and story lines became secondary, optional and manipulable devices.

In the early era of the Talkie, Bilingual films in Bombay (Marathi and Hindi) was a common thing. Most films made in Kolhapur and Poona were also made in Hindi simultaneously. Many talented writers from Marathi literary field, like Hari narayan Apte, mama Varerkar, Ga. Di. Madgulkar, V S Khandekar, N S Phadke and Acharya Atre were connected with film industry. Baburao Painter, Master Vinayak, V Shantaram etc made best use of their talents in writing film stories.

Today’s film Mera Haq-39 was made by Huns Pictures of Master Vinayak. This film was based on a story of V S Khandekar (later on he became the first writer in Marathi to get the Sahitya Academi Award also). The film was made in Marathi and Hindi. The Marathi title of the film was ” Sukhacha Shodh” and the other title of Mera Haq was its translation ” In search of Happiness “. The Marathi story and dialogues were translated into Hindi by Pt. Anand kumar.

Like Pt. Mukhram Sharma of Prabhat films, Anand Kumar was also belonged to a Hindi speaking state, but both had mastered Marathi. I do not know if Pt. Anand kumar also married a Marathi actress like Mukhram Sharma who had married actress Shanta Muzumdar. Pt.Anand kumar was born in Delhi in 1907. He was a producer, director, writer and Lyricist. From childhood, he was not interested in studies in English medium. He was taught Urdu, Hindi and Sanskrit by his poor Brahmin Shastri father. When he was 15 year old, he entered a business. He was always discontented. He wanted to become an actor, but family resisted. He tried fasting and even suicide. Then he stole some money and ran to Bombay. He could not get into any studio and after money finished, he returned to Delhi, only to take more money and run to Bombay again. Even after this failure, he went back to Delhi and started writing stories.
His first book ‘ Mera Huq ‘ became a hot seller and he started earning money. He was invited by film people and he went to Bombay nth time. He wrote stories, dialogues and Lyrics of scores of films and earned name and money. He produced a film ‘Zameen’-43, under his own banner Anand Brothers. He directed 5 films,including a Hit marathi film, Gora Kumbhar-42. Some of his films as a Lyricist were Suvarn Mandir-34,Katle aam-35, Pratibha-37, Divorce-38, Saathi-38, Alakh Niranjan-40, Punarmilan-40, Charnon ki Dasi-41, Raja Rani-42 etc. As a writer some films were, Divorce-38, Honhaar-36, Saathi-38, Vasant sena-42, Rang mahal-48 etc etc.

Film Mera haq-39 was directed by an exceptionally talented director Parshwanath Alatekar. This name too must be unknown to most people. Altekar (1897-1957) was from Khare Patan in Ratnagiri, the coastal Konkan area of Maharashtra. He was educated in Kolhapur and graduated from Sangli. He abandoned Law studies to direct a drama in 1922. Basically a drama enthusiast, Altekar entered film world in Marathi and directed many films in silent era. He joined hands with Sarpotdar, Master Vithal and Pendharkar brothers. In 1928, he made 4 films for Imperial film co, then for Saraswati Cinetone, Master Vinayak and Circo films. He made few Tamil and Kannada films too.

He floated his own company Natraj Cinetone and made Hindi/Marathi film Saathi/Savangadi in 1938 with Durga Khote and Mubarak. Meanwhile he worked for his pet drama group Natya Manwantar. Alatekar died on 22-11-1957 at Bombay. he directed 13 films including silent and Tamil/Kannada films. His Hindi films were Vasavdatta-34, Saathi-38, Mera Haque-39, Geeta 40 and Mahatma Vidur-43.

The lead actor in film Mera haq-39 was Baburao Pendharkar. Baburao Pendharkar(1896-1967) was a Pioneer Marathi actor and producer born in Kolhapur. Actor-manager of Maharashtra Film (1919); then a manager in Prabhat (1929); manager and main star at Kolhapur Cinetone (1933) and for several years associated with Master Vinayak at Huns Pics (1936) and Navyug Chitrapat; then producer with Navhans (1943). Best-known work after the mid-40s was with V. Shantaram at Rajkamal Kalamandir, including the classic role of the Chinese general in Dr Kotnis Ki Amar Kahani, and with his brother, the director Bhalji Pendharkar. Noted actor as a villain in mythologicals (e.g. in Shantaram’s Ayodhyecha Raja/Ayodhya Ka Raja, Kans in Vasant Joglekar’s Nand Kishore, and Keechaka in Pethkar’s Keechaka Vadha) and for character roles in socials by Atre (the crotchety grandfather in Shyamchi Aai; the title role of Mahatma Phule). Directed Prabhat’s only major Tamil film, Seeta Kalyanam, a landmark in Tamil cinema. Also a noted stage actor. His autobiography (1961/1983) is also an important record of Marathi film history. From Jalti Nishani-1932 to Amrapali-1966, he worked in 69 films in all.

The story of Mera haq was written by V S Khandekar and it depicted the importance of a joint family, role of the elders in controlling the wayward new generation. The story was…

Anand (Baburao Pendharkar) is a Professor in a college and married to Manik (Vimal Sardesai), who is all the time busy in doing social work and who, in the process, does not justify being a housewife, or a daughter in law or even a wife.
One day, Anand meets Miss Chanchal (Usha Mantri- one of the most beautiful actresses of those times), when he goes to meet a friend at Sahyadri Cinetone. Chanchal catches him in her net perfectly and he becomes mad after her.
When Anand’s life is mess with all this, he chances upon meeting Usha (Meenakshi Shirodkar), a poor little widow- whom Anand has saved from committing a suicide.

When Usha learns all the story from Anand, she goes and talks to Anand’s parents and Grandfather, in a village and brings them to live with Anand and Manik. Together they hatch a plan to repair the situation. They announce that Anand will marry Usha and bring her as his second wife as he is not getting any happiness from Manik. When Manik comes to know this, she gets panicky and mends her ways, leaving all social work and tries to be an ideal wife. Anand’s friend Chanchal also deserts him when she learns about his second marriage.

When all the matters settle down satisfactorily, Anand and Usha, in presence of elders of the family disclose the truth that they are not marrying each others and it was planned to show Manik where the real happiness lies.

In this case, the film’s Marathi version came out first and the Hindi version was released on 15-9-1939 at Majestic Cinema in Bombay, well after the Marathi film was released.

The lead actress Vimal Sardesai hailed from Konkan are and started her film career as baby Vimal. She acted in only 7 Hindi films. Her first film was Saathi-38. This was the Hindi version of Marathi film Savangadi-38, starring Durga khote and Mubarak Merchant. her second film was mera haq-39. It was her first film as a Heroine. This too was a Hindi version of Marathi film ‘ Sukhacha Shodh”. Then came Narsi Bhjagat-40 made by Prakash pictures, Alakh Niranjan-40 was a Hindi version of Marathi film Gorakhnath-40, Apna Ghar-42 was a Hindi version of Marathi film Aaple Ghar-40- directed by Debki Bose, his first film in Bombay, Wadia’s Shobha-42 and her last film was Mahatma Vidur-43, a Hindi version of Marathi film of the same name. This was also the last film of Parshwanath Altekar the director.
After this film Vimal Sardesai was traceless. Probably she got married and left films.

Today’s song is a female duet of Vimal Sardesai and Meenakshi Shirodkar. With this song, film mera haq-39 and singer Vimal Sardesai make their debut on this Blog.

(My thanks to ” Marathi Cinema in Retrospect”-Sanjit Narvekar, ” Maharashtra- Birthplace of Indian Film Industry”- Isak Mujawar, Encyclop. of Indian Cinema by Ashish Rajadhyaksha, Filmdom-46 and my notes, for information used herein.)


Song-Kheloongi kheloongi main aankh michauli kheloongi (Mera Haq)(1939) Singers- Meenakshi Shirodkar, Vimal Sardesai (Baby Vimal), Lyrics- Pt Anand kumar, MD-K Datta
Both

Lyrics

kheloongi
kheloongi
main aankh michauli kheloongi
kheloongi
kheloongi
main aankh michauli kheloongi
main jhooloongi
main jhooloongi
kheloongi
kheloongi
main aankh michauli kheloongi

main chaand talak chal jaaoonga
main kunj taley chhip jaaoonga

main jhooloongi
main jhooloongi
main aankh meench kar chhipti hoon
main tan ankhiyon se takti hoon
takne ka badla le loongi
kheloongi
kheloongi
main aankh michauli kheloongi

main chhip jaaoon
jaa chhip jaa
main aa jaaoon
tu thham jaa

khushboo ban kar phoolon mein chhip
phoolon mein chhip
phoolon mein chhip
khushboo ban kar phoolon mein chhip
ya roop badal rangon mein chhip
belon mein chhip
kaliyon mein chhip
seene mein chhip
ya dil mein chhip
belon mein chhip
kaliyon mein chhip
seene mein chhip
ya dil mein chhip

main jhooloongi
main jhooloongi
main jhooloongi
main jhooloongi
kheloongi
kheloongi
main aankh michauli kheloongi


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3921 Post No. : 14984 Movie Count :

4098

Wadia Movietone has been known for producing films in the genres mainly of stunts, actions, fantasies and costumes. The banner was set up in 1933 by Wadia Brothers – J B H Wadia (1901-1986) and Homi Wadia (1911-2004). ‘Laal-E-Yaman’ (1933) was its first sound film produced under the banner and directed by J B H Wadia which became a box office success. With this film, the name of Fearless Nadia who had a small role in this film and Wadia Movietone became inseparable in the 1930s and 40s.

From the list of films produced under the banner of Wadia Movietone, mainly during 1930s and 40s, one can categorise the films as ‘Rail Films’, ‘Jungle Films’, ‘Arabian Nights Films’ etc.

Wadia Brothers were pioneer in producing films based on the railway themes. Their first ‘rail’ film was ‘Toofaan Mail’ (1932- Silent) which became box office success. In the talkies’ rail films, ‘Miss Frontier Mail’ (1936), ‘Flying Ranee’ (1939), ‘Punjab Mail’ (1939), ‘Return of Toofaan Mail’ (1942) etc were produced by Wadia Movietone. They were also pioneer in ‘Jungle’ films such as ‘Toofaani Tarzan’ (1937), ‘Jungle King’ (1939), ‘Jungle Princess’ (1942) etc.

As far as I know, Wadia Movietone produced the first Hindi film ‘Naujawaan’ (1937) without having any songs. It was an action-oriented film. But the film had to be withdrawn from a Delhi theatre when riots broke out. The audience screamed that Wadias had cheated them as they felt that a film was incomplete without songs. The film flopped at the box office.

Wadia brothers had been raised in westernized culture. Hollywood films were their role models. But sometime in the mid-1930s, J B H Wadia, the elder brother and the main brain behind Wadia Movietone was attracted towards ongoing nationalist movements. He got associated with Indian National Congress. With this association, he felt that it was his duty to produce the socially relevant films with some social messages for the masses. A few of his subsequent stunt films conveyed social messages like women’s emancipation, evils of caste system, need for education etc. For instance, in ‘Hurricane Hansa’ (1937) it has been shown as to how a ‘harijan’ girl Hansa transforms into ‘hurricane’ Hansa to take revenge on those who had destroyed her family.

The year 1938 played a definitive role in the life of J B H Wadia as he came into contact with Manabendra Nath Roy (M N Roy) one of the founders of the Communist Party of India. Later, he left his Marxist ideology and adopted the philosophy of Radical Humanism. Both were briefly associated with Indian National Congress but left Congress in 1938 to form a new party called Radical Democratic Party of India. His friendship with M N Roy remained intact until the latter’s death in 1954. Many years after his death, J B H Wadia wrote a memoirs of his years with M N Roy and got it publish as a book – M N Roy, The Man: An Incomplete Royana (1983).

This association had a far reaching impact on J B H Wadia in terms of film productions in Wadia Movietone. He started spending more time in his political activities than in Wadia Movietone. Most of the films were either directed by his younger brother, Homi Wadia or other directors. He just wanted to ensure that the films’ screen-plays and dialogues cover some social themes more than the stunts. He had also become the conscious of the Hindustani classical music.

As contributions towards socially and culturally responsible film-maker, he started making short films like Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose’s speech at a Congress Committee meetings, on classical musicians like Mallika Pukhraj, Kumar Gandharva, Feroze Dastoor, (some of them are available on YT). These short films were given to exhibitors free of charges to be shown before the feature films of Wadia Movietone were screened.

Around the same time, J B H Wadia seems to have felt that having established successfully Wadia Movietone, he was looking for some kind of establishing his intellectual credibility as a producer-director of repute ( I guess, JBH Wadia may have been influenced by the name and fame which his compatriot directors like V Shantaram and P C Barua had earned in the Hindi film industry). With this background, he took upon himself an ambitious project ‘Raj Nartaki’ (1941) which was to be produced in three languages – Hindi, English (Court Dancer) and Bengali.

‘Raj Nartaki’ (1941) was a prestigious project for J B H Wadia. Wadia Movietone spend a lot of money on the elaborate and expensive sets. Top stars like Prithiviraj Kapoor and Sadhana Bose were part of the film’s cast. While the film established J B H Wadia as an intellectual film maker, the film in all the three languages together could barely recover the cost of productions. In a way, it can be said that the film was a final straw in a already stained relationship between the partners of Wadia Movietone which was running into the losses.

In any partnership firm, when chips are down, the disagreements between partners come to the fore. Homi Wadia, 10 year younger to his elder brother, J B H Wadia was so far been a junior partner. With losses mounting due to some films not faring well at the box office, the differences between the Wadia Brothers came into forefront. While J B H Wadia wanted to make films in the social genre, Homi Wadia and another partner, Billimoria wanted to make box office hit films irrespective of genres. The irreconcilable differences between the brothers led to the split with Homi Wadia going separate to set up his own Basant Pictures and Basant Studio. As a part of dissolution of partnership and settlements, Wadia Movietone had to sell its studio located at Parel to V Shantaram which was renamed as Rajkamal Studio.

After the split, Homi Wadia slicked to producing stunts films at a shoe-sting budget such as ‘Hunterwali Ki Beti’ (1943), ‘Sher-e-Baghdad’ (1946), Flying Prince’ (1946), ‘Stunt Queen’ (1947, and ’11 o Clock’ (1948) with Nadia and John Cawas as main actors. Despite the split, Homi Wadia and J B H Wadia jointly produced about 16 films during 1950-70, the latter now being a junior partner.

‘Kahaan Hai Manzil Teri’ (1939) was one of those ‘out-of-the-box’ films from Wadia Movietone which was directed by S M Yousuf. The star cast included Ila Devi, Harishchandra Rao, Radharani, Shah Nawaz, Urmila, Master Chhotu, Nazira, Agha, Dalpat, Sayani Aatish etc.

A summarized version of the story of the film given in the review of the film published in December 1939 issue of ‘Filmindia’ magazine is set out below:

The story goes back to old times when sacrificing of a virgin at the altar of god to please him was practiced. In a Santhal village, the annual sacrifice of a virgin is under preparation with the high priest of the temple supervising the event. In reality, the high priest, Balraj (Shah Nawaz) has arranged to keep unscrupulously these virgins in a hidden room as unwilling victims of his lust.

Paras (Harishchandra Rao) protests against this rituals and this time it is his sister’s turn for the sacrifice. His resistance to the ritual earns the wrath of the high priest. Paras escapes from the village with the help of Godavari (Radharani) who is the daughter of Balraj. She is also in unrequited love with Paras.

Paras goes to the capital of an Aryan king, Satluj who is determined to root out the primitive practice of sacrificing of virgins. In the kingdom, Paras becomes affectionate of Princess Ragini (Ila Devi). Paras reciprocates her affection. But he has little time for love as his aim is to avenge the death of his father and the ‘sacrifice’ of his sister.

In the Aryan capital, Naru, the prime minister of the kingdom is planning to overthrow the king with the help of Balraj for realization of his own ambitions. The king is killed. Princess Ragini is kidnapped and handed over to Balraj for ‘sacrifice’. Paras goes to save Princess Ragini from this trap. Once again, it is Godavari who helps him at the cost of sacrificing her life at the hands of her own father.

At last, Paras becomes successful in exposing Balraj as scoundrel under the grabs of religious activities and the superstitions. Santhals and Aryans are united in a bond of brotherhood. Paras wins the hands of Princes Ragini.

One can guess from the story of the film as to how J B H Wadia has been influenced by the M N Roy’s ideology of Radical Humanism which worked for the eradication of social evils, women’s emancipation, education etc.

The film had four songs – all written by Wahid Qureshi who also wrote the story and dialogue for the film. Songs were set to music by Madhavlal Damodar Master.

Here is the first song – a title song – ‘kahaan hai manzil teri musaafir’ from the film to appear on the Blog. The song is sung by Ila Devi and Chorus.

Acknowledgement: In writing this article, especially for the period during which J B H Wadia’s political association, his passion for humanist ideology, his yearning for name and fame as an intellectual producer-director, I have been greatly benefited by a scholarly article by Rosie Thomas on Nadia and Wadia Brothers which appeared in a book ‘Bollyworld: Popular Indian Cinema Through A Transitional Lens (2005) – Edited by Raminder Kaur and Ajay J Sinha.

Audio Clip:

Song-Kahaan hai manzil teri (Kahaan hai Manzil teri)(1939) Singers-Ila Devi, Unknown male voice, Lyrics-Wahid Qureshi, MD-Madholal Damodar Master
Chorus
Ila devi + chorus

Lyrics

kahaan hai manzil teri
kahaan hai manzil teri
kahaan hai manzil teri musaafir
kahaan hai manzil teri ee

bhor bhayi sab panchhi jaage
bhor bhayi sab panchhi jaage
apne apne kaam ko bhaage
apne apne kaam ko bhaage
tu bhi chala chal aage aage
raste ko mat bhool

kahaan hai manzil teri

chalne hi kaa naam hai manzil
chalne hi kaa naam hai manzil
chalne se mat ho tu gaafil
sone se kya hogaa haasil
sone se kya hogaa haasil
apne mann se poochh musaafir
apne mann se poo….chh

chalna teri reet puraani
chalna teri reet puraani
sunn dariya se apni kahaani
jeewan tera behta paani

chalne ko mat bhool musaafir
chalne o mat bhoo……ol

kahaan hai manzil teeeeeri eeeee


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3848 Post No. : 14857 Movie Count :

4064

Today’s song is from an obscure film- Sansaar Naiya-1939. This film was made jointly by Paramount and liberty pictures, Bombay. Actually, both these film companies made only and mainly Action/Stunt and Costume films. Since this was a ‘Social’ film, may be they had to support each others as they were presumably not used to handling such ‘offbeat’ film, from what they were accustomed to produce !

Though the film was classified as Social, the cast of the film contained predominantly seen stunt film actors only. They were Navinchandra, Sarojini, Noorjehan(sr), Basheer, Dhulia, Mirajkar, Mansoor, Kanta Kumari and others of the same ilk. There is also one name ” Puri” in the cast. He seems to be S.L.Puri, who was a singer also. In this film he has 4 solo and 3 duets with Sarojini. This could be the reason why he was in this action film.

For many readers, the name Sarojini may be an unknown name. This is exactly and what generally happens, when siblings are working in Films at the same time. Yes, Sarojini was the elder sister of the more famous actress Indurani. Both were stunt film actresses and worked in around 15+ films only. In reality, it was because of Sarojini that Indurani was dragged into films. Sarojini did more number of quality films than Indurani and also acted in more social films than Indurani. Her career period was longer than Indurani and her daughter Azra became a Heroine in Hindi films.

In spite of all these ‘better’ things, Sarojini’s younger sister Indurani hogged all the limelight. Articles were written on her and even an independent book was published on Indurani in USA. No one wrote on Sarojini exclusively. She appears in Indurani’s book and also is mentioned in Azra’s interview on beetehuedin.com

This type of fate is experienced by few more siblings in Hindi film industry. here are some examples, which I remember off hand…. Every movie buff knows the stingy Kanhiyalal, made famous by his roles of greedy merchants, sahukars (moneylenders) and a comic villain. He became more famous after film ” Mother India-57 “, though he did the same role in the original film ” Aurat”-40. But how many readers know that his elder brother was Sankata Prasad , an actor who was a regular in Sagar Movietone films, and later in more that 65 films ? Actually Sankata Prasad was responsible to bring his brother Kanhaiyalal (Chaturvedi) in the film world.

The eldest son of Jaddan bai, Akhtar Hussain, a very talented actor and director fell back on fame and publicity compared to younger brother Anwar Hussain. I am not comparing him with his sister Nargis.

Among the Travancore sisters, Raagini and Padmini shone here, but Lalitha did not shine in Hindi films. Nasir Khan lived all his life as brother of Dilip Kumar and had not many famous films to his credit. Some more such cases are, Laxmi Roy (younger sister of Geeta Roy), Laxmi Kumthekar (younger sister of Vatsala Kumthekar ), Compser Basant Prakash ( brother of Khemchand Prakash) and many more.

This is what I call as Luck. I agree that Talent is an individual gift and not a family or a traditional handout, but when all things are equal, one sibling lagging behind due to external factors, is purely a matter of Luck.

Actress Sarojini- real name Roshan Jehan and pet name Rani- was born in Delhi to Parents Sheikh Imamuddin and Munawwar Jehan, in 1920. Both sisters were put in a mission school of Daryaganj, Delhi. In those days, children were not allowed to see films, but Sarojini was interested in films and used to read film magazines, unknown to family. She was bold enough to send a letter to an actress of Saraswati Cinetone, Poona. In few days, she received a reply with that actress’ photo. The company asked her to send her photo. Sarojini managed to get a photo and send it across. Soon the company wrote to her that she will be appointed as an actress for Rs. 300 p.m.. Those days, this amount was a windfall.

When her father came to know all this he first gave a sound thrashing to her. Then he started thinking. Due to gambling and addiction, he had lost his business and they were in financial distress. He thought of earning some money by employing his daughters as actresses. He took Sarojini and a very reluctant Indurani to Poona. That time Sarojini was in English 8th std and Indu was in 9th std. At Poona, both got job as actresses at Rs. 300 each, as promised. Plus arrangements for their training in acting, singing and dancing was also arranged. Their father took Rs. 1000/- as advance, gave them some money and returned to Delhi. He sent their grandmother as their guardian.

Sarojini, being the elder, started working in the films immediately with film Deewani-1934. Then came Shri Satyanarayan-35. After closure of Saraswati cinetone, they came to Bombay and stayed in Hindu colony, Dadar. For some time they were engaged by Minerva Movietone for Rs. 450 pm, but when Ramniklal Shah offered them Rs. 500, they joined his company, Mohan pictures. While Indurani worked with Ramniklal, Sarojini worked with Nanubhai Vakil. Eventually, Indu married Ramnik Shah and Sarojini married Nanubhai Vakil in 1943.

Sarojini worked in 17 films in all- Deewani-34, Shri Satyanarayan-35, Bharat ki beti-35, Sundari-36, Son of Alladin -39, Sansar naiya-39, Madhu Bansari-39, Sanskaar-40, Jadui kangan-40, Hatimtai ki beti-40, Deepak Mahal-40, Taj mahal-41, Jadui bandhan-41, Farmaan-42, Naya Zamana-43, Son of Hatimtai-45 and her last film Cicus King-46. The sisters worked together in 3 films, Hatimtai ki beti and Jadui kangan of 1940 and Tajmahal-1941.

Sarojini had 2 daughters. The elder one Azra became a Heroine of many Hindi films. She married and retired. She stays in Bandra, Mumbai. The younger one Rehana, worked for an Airline, retired, widowed and stays in USA. Sarojini died in 1993. Her husband died in 1980.

Film Sansar Naiya was directed by Nanubhai vakil and MD was Damodar Sharma. All songs were written by Pt. Anuj (Sampatlal Shrivastav).

The Hero of this film was Navinchandra.

Navinchandraa’s full name was Navinchandra N. Joshi. He was born in 1907 at Jambusar and belonged to a Gujarati Bramhin family. When he was studying Intermidiate, his dream was to do M.Sc. and become a Professor. He was very much interested in body building and was a weight lifter.He was expert in Long jump, High jump and Malkhamb too, along with yogasanas. This made his body solid. Fair and handsome physique was noticed by one of the seniors in his Gym and he was taken to Bombay to meet produced director Indulal Yagnik. He offered him a Hero’s role in a stunt film. Thus Navin entered the film line with first silent stunt movie “The fall of Pawagarh”-1928. It was produced by Indulal Yagnik and directed by Nagendra Mujumdar. His first Heroine was Iris Crawford. He worked in more than 20 silent films and was famous as the Hero of Stunt and action films.

His first Talkie film was Kala Pahad-1933 in which his Heroine was Gauhar Karnataki ( sister of Amirbai karnataki and wife of Marathi stage artiste Bal Gandharv). The film was made by Sharda Movietone and directed by Baburao Apte (brother of actress Shanta Apte). Navinchandra acted in 33 talkie films, mostly stunt and action films. When the attraction of stunt films waned, he stopped getting roles, because stunt films were not being made now on roll. His last film was Jadui Putli-1946.

His age also caught up with him and he stopped getting films. He started doing small uncredited roles like an extra. The last information about him was when he was working as a Production manager in Imperial Film company, where now the studio was rented to other producers for shooting their films, by Irani’s heirs. One peculiar thing about Navinchandra was that except for the film’s required costume, he was always seen in Dhoti and Kurta only.

Today’s song is a rare song. The film had 11 songs (4 duets and 4 solos of Puri and 3 solos of Sarojini) The tune and style of the song is typical of the 30s period and quite a slow one, with long music prelude. With this song, film Sansar naiya-39 and singer Sarojini will make their Debut on the Blog.

( Thanks to shri Harish Raghuwanshi ji, Sadanand Kamath ji, ‘Asli Naqli chehere’ by Vithal Pandya, ‘ Silent cinema’ by Dr. Varma, MuVyz, HFGK and my notes, for information used hereabove.)


Song-Ritu basant ki aayi pyaari (Sansaar Naiyya)(1939) Singers- Sarojini, S L Puri, Lyrics- Pandit Anuj, MD- Damodar Sharma
Both

Lyrics

ritu basant ki aayi pyaari
ritu basant ki aayi pyaari
kaisi phool rahi phulwaari
kaisi phool rahi phulwaari
ritu basant ki aayi pyaari
ritu basant ki aayi pyaari

shaakhon pe baagh ke jhoolo
shaakhon pe baagh ke jhoolo
bulbul ban gulon ko chhoo lo
bulbul ban gulon ko chhoo lo

titli ban ke phool phool mein
titli ban ke phool phool mein
jaaun waari waari
jaaun waari waari
ritu basant ki aayi pyaari
ritu basant ki aayi pyaari
kaisi phool rahi phulwaari
kaisi phool rahi phulwaari
ritu basant ki aayi pyaari
ritu basant ki aayi pyaari

bhanwra ban ke main ud jaaun
bhanwra ban ke main ud jaaun
kali kali ka ras le aaun
kali kali ka ras le aaun

kunj kunj mein prem ki beena
kunj kunj mein prem ki beena
bajwaaun(?) sukh gori
bajwaaun(?) sukh gori
ritu basant ki aayi pyaari
ritu basant ki aayi pyaari ee


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3788 Post No. : 14772

SONGS FROM ARTISTE NAME FILMS….Song No. 11
——————————————————————————

Today’s song is from the film Sitara-1939.

About 4 years ago, I had run a series of songs from films with Artiste’s names. I had discussed songs from films like, Madhubala-50, Nargis-46, Veena-48, Usha kiran-52, Renuka-47, Madhuri-32, Hurricane Hansa-37, Zubeida-2000, Kamla-46 and Aasha-38 ( A to Z ). When the series ended discussing 10 songs, I found that I had few more songs from similar titled films like, Nirmala-38, Sitara-39, Vasanti-38, Poornima-38, Meenakshi-42 and Durga-39. Today’s song is from this collection.

Film Sitara was made and directed by Ezra Mir, under his own banner, Everest pictures Corporation. The music was by Rafiq Ghaznavi for songs written by Munshi Dil. The cast of the film was Ratanbai, Khursheed, Nazeer, Mubarak, K N Singh, Sunalini Devi, Violet Cooer, Mirza musharraf and many others. There was, however, no artiste of name Sitara in it.

Senior readers in the bracket of 55 to 75 years of age would recollect the Indian Documentaries made by Ezra Mir, shown before almost every film in the theatres. Indian News Reel and these documentaries on various subjects were actually used as a facility to enter the theatre late and still catch the whole movie from the beginning. These documentaries were made mostly by Ezra Mir and the voice over used to be that of Pratap Sharma usually. ( his younger brother Mahesh Sharma was my good friend in those days).

Ezra Mir was one of the rare persons who worked in the famous Hollywood studios for a considerable time, before he came to India and got involved in making films here. He was also a rare person who, despite being in great demand in the commercial cinema, chose to join a Government organisation and did a monumental significant work for the future generations. For a long time, I was thinking him to be a Muslim man, but at a much later date, I came to know that he was a Jew person.

Ezra Mir ( real name Edwyn Meyers) was born on 26-10-1902 at Calcutta. After completing his education, he joined Madon Theatres in 1921. In 1923, he left for Europe and America to work in film industry. After doing bit roles in Rudolph Valentino’s films in Long Island, New York and working for First National Biograph Studios, he joined the Universal studios as a ” Film Cutter ” and later as a Scenario writer. By his diligent and hard work he became the chief of story Department in United Artistes. In 1929, he wrote and directed a film ‘ Simbolisque ‘, which created a sensation in the film circle there.

With the advent of the Talkie, he came back to India , joined Imperial Film co. and made film Noorjehan-31 in Hindi and English. In 32-33, he joined Sagar movietone and directed Zarina-32, Pagal premee-33 and Farzand e Hind-34. Then Ezra went to Calcutta. After doing some films he came back and made documentaries on second world war. In 1940, he was appointed by the Govt. on Film Advisory Board. In 1942, when V.Shantaram left as its head, he became the head. From 1942 to 1946, he made 170 documentaries.

In 1951 he joined Films Division and in 1956, became its President. In his tenure here, he made 400 documentaries. In 1970 he got ‘ Padmashri ‘. Ezra Mir died on 7-3-1993. His Filmography is Noorjehan-31, Zarine-32, Pagal premi-33, Farzand e Hind-34, Mera Pyara and Rasheeda-35,Jeevan Sangram, Parivartan,Rajdulari and Shaitan ka pash-36, Rikshawala-38,Sitara-39, Beete din-47, pamposh-54 and Raju aur gangaram-64.

The Music Director of film Sitara-39 was Rafiq Ghaznavi, who was a multi faceted artiste. He acted in 18 films, directed 1 film, sang 30 songs in 15 films and gave music to 22 films and composed 191 songs, according to MuVyz.com.

Private life of a celebrity has always been a matter of curiosity for the common man and if the celebrity is from the show world like films ,then there are all attempts to dig out the ‘ behind the scene’ stories about the famous people.

In the early era, the female artistes were from the courtesan or the singing families. Most males too were not much educated. Thus there were many cases of illicit relationships and children out of wed locks. For the rich producers, having an ‘extra facility’ was a matter of a few thousands. In those days the social medias and the film magazines were not common, hence such matters hardly came into the open. The insiders, however, knew many stories. Few personalities like actor Shyam, Rafiq Ghaznavi, Prem Adeeb,C.Ramchandra were some of the artistes who were claimed to be involved in ‘ extra-curricular activities ‘. So were some Producers and Directors.

When careers are on the rise,talents are bright and the work is extraordinary, it hardly matters what the artistes do in their private lives. People are happy with their work. Yesteryear Actor,Singer and Music Director RAFIQ GHAZANAVI was one such person.

Rafiq was a singer from his school days and he became famous by the time he completed his Matriculation. He had learnt music from a blind expert. He was called by H.M.V. to Lucknow and several records were made of his songs. He completed his graduation. He was an expert in Hindi, Urdu, English, Punjabi, Pushtu and Afghan Persian languages fluently. He was a voracious reader of English books. He edited a magazine “Raavee”. His stage shows were always housefull. He was honoured by the American Art Society with a Gold Medal. He was famous in the art circles of Lahore.

His first film as a composer was ” Pavitra Ganga”-1932. Then came Prithviraj Sanyogita-33 and Deewaani-34 etc. He was a good friend of producer Director Mehboob Khan. The voice accompanying the Mehboob Productions Logo is that of Rafiq Ghazanavi, “Muddai lakh bura chaahe to kya hota hai, wohi hota hai jo manzoor-e-Khuda hota hai”. The famous Logo consisted of a Hammer and Sickle, indicating the socialistic inclination of Mehboob Khan, who was a great follower of Pandit Nehru’s idealogy. When 14 year old Nargis was offered the heroine’s role in Mehboob’s ” Taqdeer ” the music was entrusted to Rafiq Ghaznavi. Shamshad Begum was brought from Lahore specially to sing her first songs in Bombay for “Taqdeer” and Rafiq Ghaznavi was directing her songs.

Famous writer Saadat Hasan Manto, in his book “Stars from another sky “, had devoted a full chapter to Rafiq. Manto, in his inimitable style has described all his ‘extra ‘ activities in details,as he was an observer for most of them. Rafiq was tall and handsome and had the magical quality to attract women. Wine and women were his weaknesses. But there was much more to Rafiq than only running after lowly women. He was never a one woman man. He had married 3 sisters, one after another, but never remained faithful to any one of them. As far as his music was concerned, he was very strict and never mixed these two things. He always tried to give his best in every film. Here is a short Bio from a Pakistani source-pakfilms.net, some years ago.

Born to an enlightened family in 1907, in Rawalpindi, Rafiq Ghaznavi was full of life since his earliest days. He passed his childhood amidst scenic, natural beauty, surrounded by mountains, valleys and lakes.

After receiving his matriculation examination degree, Rafiq Ghaznavi moved to Lahore. In Lahore, he completed his intermediate examination from Islamia College, Lahore. Then he graduated from the Punjab University.

During those days if a handsome, enthusiastic young man was endowed with acting talents, he was more inclined towards the glamorous movie business. Rafiq Ghaznavi was no exception. Let us go seventy-five years back in time and see how movies were made in that time period.

Those were the days of silent movies. Though the vocal film ‘Alam Ara’ was released in 1931, still silent movies were in vogue for quite sometime, just like black and white movies continued to flood the market after the advent of color movies.

Visionary movie director, Mian A.R. Kardar, is considered the discoverer or ‘Columbus’ of the Lahore film industry. Moved by Rafiq Ghaznavi’s powerful voice and good looks, Kardar signed him as hero for his silent movie, ‘Brave heart’, while the latter was studying in college.

Thus, Rafiq Ghaznavi debuted in the film ‘Brave heart’ in 1931 at the age of twenty-four. Soon Rafiq Ghaznavi began to outlive his town and his time while his companions were thinking what to make of their lives.

Director A.R. Kardar, on the other hand, made his first talking film, ‘Hoor Punjab’ in 1932. Later, he changed its name to ‘Heer Ranjha’ and it was released under the banner of Play art photo tone.

Handsome, as Rafiq Ghaznavi was, Kardar picked him up for the romantic lead role of ‘Ranjha.’ While actress Anwari played the lead romantic role of ‘Heer Seyaal’. Additionally, Rafiq Ghaznavi composed music and lent his impressive voice to all the songs. Hence, he was the hero-composer-singer in the film ‘Heer Ranjha.’ Since all the songs were pictured on him he was also the singing star.

After working in ‘Heer Ranjha’, Rafiq Ghaznavi migrated to Bombay and worked diligently for the Bombay film industry. Rafiq was a multi talented man. He acted in 18 films. He directed 1 film-Prem pujari-35. He sang 30 songs in 15 films and he gave music to 22 films, composing 191 songs. (all statistics from MuVyz.com)

Dwelling on his personal life, Rafiq Ghaznavi married film actress Zehra and had a daughter, Shahina, from her. Shahina grew up and made her mark as an actress in movies like ‘Beli’, ‘Nigar’, ‘Aankh ka nasha’, ‘Bharosa’, and ‘Intiqaam.’

Rafiq Ghaznavi also had a son, Murad, from his first wife, Zehra. In due course of time, Rafiq Ghaznavi divorced Zehra. She married director A.M. Mirza and was known as Zehra Mirza.

Actress Anwari was the second wife of Rafiq Ghaznavi with whom he had a daughter, Zarina Agha. Later, Zarina changed her name to Nasreen and worked in director A.R. Kardar’s movie, ‘Shah Jehan’ and Daud Chand’s movie, ‘Aik Roaz.’
After Rafiq left Anwaribai, she married Jugal Kishore Mehra ( Raj kapoor’s Mama), who converted to Islam and became Ahmed Salman. He was also the director of Radio Pakistan. He adopted Nasreen and got her married to Agha Liyaqat Gul Tajik. He settled in London doing Diamond business.

Further, Nasreen Agha’s daughter, Salma Agha, achieved great name and fame as a singing star.

Actress Anuradha, whose real name was Khursheed Akhtar, was the third wife of Rafiq Ghaznavi, with whom he had a son, Ayaz Mehmood. Furthermore, one of Rafiq Ghaznavi’s daughter married popular writer-director, Zia Sarhadi. Zia Sarhadi’s two sons, Khayam Sarhadi and Bilal Sarhadi attained fame in show business.

Interestingly enough, all three wives of Rafiq Ghaznavi were real sisters and they hailed from Amritsar.

Rafiq Ghaznavi, who was such a charismatic figure, a talented composer of the highest grade and a visionary, passed away on 2-3-1974, in Karachi, at the age of sixty-seven.

Today’s song is sung by Rafiq himself. In those days, films used to have many songs. Even this film had 13 songs. There were 5 singers who sang these songs. I first heard few songs of this film and I selected this song as it is better than the other songs.


Song- Main sadke tere nigaahe muhabbat (Sitaara)(1939) Singer- Rafiq Ghaznavi, Lyrics- Munshi Dil, MD- Rafiq Ghaznavi

Lyrics

main sadqe tere ae
nigaahe mohabbat
main sadqe tere ae
nigaahe mohabbat

banaaya mujhe baa
banaaya mujhe baa
banaaya mujhe baa
aadshaah e muhabbat
haaye
main sadqe tere ae
nigaahe mohabbat
main sadqe tere ae
nigaahe mohabbat

taaron ki hansi hai meri
taaron ki hansi hai meri
kaliyon ki khushi hai meri
kaliyon ki khushi hai meri
phoolon ki pari hai meri
phoolon ki pari hai meri
ye jungle hai aaraamgaah e muhabbat
ye jungle hai aaraamgaah e muhabbat
haaye
main sadqe tere ae
nigaahe mohabbat
main sadqe tere ae
nigaahe mohabbat

banaaya mujhe baa
banaaya mujhe baa
banaaya mujhe baa
aadshaah e muhabbat
main sadqe tere ae
nigaahe mohabbat
main sadqe tere ae
nigaahe mohabbat


This article is written by Mahesh Mamadapur, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3647 Post No. : 14481

ASAD 10th Anniversary Celebrations – 3
———————————————————————

A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.
– Lao Tzu

main akela hi chala tha janib e manzil magar
log saath aate gaye aur karwaan banta gaya
– Majhrooh Sultanpuri

On 19 July 2008, a single step was taken by our Atul ji, the day on which the first song was posted on the blog. It was followed by yet another Roshan number the next day and the journey continues to this date and beyond, much akin to the above sh’er by Majhrooh Saab.

Looking back at the last decade, there is a deep sense of excitement and contention amongst all readers and especially the important contributors. However what is equally true is that the responsibilities and the hope of tracing and introducing obscure songs has only increased. This hope itself is the proof of the immense popularity that the blog enjoys all over the world.  I am sure the blog has become a one-stop destination for all readers in search for old Hindi songs and the correct and reliable information that it serves and continues to provide. About 4000 movies and nearly 15,000 songs covered, the blog has a visitors hits number of more than 10.5 million. Mind-blogging numbers indeed and one can only feel proud of being a part of this great musical extravaganza.

Since it is a special occasion of a decade of the blog’s existence, I suppose, I am at liberty to write a few words about my association with it.

Old Hindi Film songs were a common feature in my house, especially with SLBC and its special program ‘purani filmon ka sangeet’, which is played to this day and to which I am addicted to this day (ask our whatsapp group 🙂 ). With the advent of internet facility, the hobby of listening and gathering information naturally started dominating the searches. And, for people with music interest this blog was a no-escape and also a welcome addiction.

In the initial days, I just tried to absorb and admire the contents. It was not long that the longing to be a part of the blog started to grow. A few comments and corrections here and there started. Seeing that a lot of songs known to self were yet to be represented, I toyed with the idea of sending the lyrics. I ended up sending lyrics for 3-4 songs, but the greed to get more involved did not stop.

It was then that I starting writing posts. After a few posts and with the ideas and plots for writing posts difficult to come by, I started a mini-series on Mukesh and his composers. There is a small contribution of self in this series with 14 posts and 04 posts in another series titled Mukesh and his co-singers. Apart from the posts on Mukesh, I feel proud to have written about Rafi saab, Talat saab and Lata Mangeshkar. There are individual posts on Shamshad Begum, Uma Devi, etc. I have also written about Ghulam Mohammed and Shankar Jaikishan whose compositions, I enjoy immensely.

Of the 30 odd posts, “Sab Thhaath Pada Reh Jaavegaa” has had a great influence on me and especially the verses.

jo paaya hai wo baant ke kha
kangaal na kar kangaal na ho o
jo sab ka haal kiya toone
ek roz wo tera haal na ho o

is haath se de us haath se le
ho jaave sukhi ye jag saara

There was time when some songs of Mukesh were not to my liking. This view is particularly for a few songs at the fag end of his career wherein you find him singing all types of songs without the Midas touch of late 1940’s and 1950’s. Not having understood the lyrics properly, I had counted the above song also in that category. However, while writing the post and especially after Sudhir ji’s English translation, the song seems to be nothing short of philosophy of life that one must follow.

And then, “Lo Mil Gayi Degree Pyaar Ki” had its own story before it was put up as a post. A virtual Kishore Kumar solo was converted into a Mukesh post just because he had two words in the song. It was the last song of Mukesh-Roshan to be introduced to the blog and there was no way, I could lose the opportunity. Many eminent personalities were contacted who held different views on how Mukesh could fit in as he was not part of the movie etc.

Lastly, “Gokul Nagri Jaana” remains the oldest song sung by Mukesh on the blog. I have special memories of writing this post, as I was aware that I had touched upon a gold mine of 06 special songs of his career. Two of them remain untraced to date, but then there have been many surprises on this blog and I am sure all six will be accounted for.

The past year has been hectic for me from job and work point of view. However, with this post, I have barely managed to avoid the guilt of not having contributed for an entire year. I expect saner time allotment for this hobby again.

Coming back to the blog, I consider the following to be a few unique and unparalleled aspects about it.

  • Accuracy and authenticity of the contents
  • Complete and correct lyrics
  • Responsible, authoritative and sound contributors
  • The classification and arrangement of songs under various heads
  • Easy accessibility of information on Hindi songs
  • Common platform for like-minded Hindi songs enthusiasts
  • Due recognition and importance accorded to various artists
  • Accurate statistics of songs and artists contribution.

There could more important USP’s of the blog; however, the following two aspects are also quite important.

  • Opportunity for contributors to pen their thoughts on the blog
  • A unique friendship circle amongst the regulars

I think every reader and especially the contributors can never thank Atul ji and Sudhir ji enough, to acknowledge and appreciate the opportunity given to us to pen down our thoughts and represent songs on the blog. This is a very selfless and noble deed of Atul ji. Like-minded people met online on this blog and started a very special and unique circle, with quite a few sessions, visits etc. A whatsapp group is also formed with a few of the regulars and is more active than the blog itself now. 🙂

For me personally, the opportunity to interact with Mr. Harish Raghuwanshi ji was a great personal fulfilment. He has always helped me with my lists in the posts and also with information which would have been nearly impossible to trace elsewhere. Similarly, being in touch with eminent film historians and authors and knowledgeable personalities such as Shri Arun Kumarji, Harmandir Singh ji and many others has added new dimensions to our lives. In a fast moving world with technological advances, catching up with matters of yesteryears is so soothing and heart fulfilling. When we talk of ‘good old days’, here is a platform that binds us together.

Coming back to the series on Mukesh, a sort of regret that will always remain with me is not having a post on the collaboration of Mukesh with composer Anil Biswas. People fond of Hindi music need no explanation to elaborate the influence of Anil Da and stepping stone in Mukesh’s singing career with reference to “Dil Jaltaa Hai To Jalne De”Of the 22 odd songs that Mukesh sang for Anil Da, all have been covered on the blog. Not to give a sense of false hope, I would like to clarify that the song that I am presenting here today has nothing to do with Mukesh.

Instead, I would like to write on Anil Biswas.

What can one write about the ‘Bhishm Pitamah’ of Hindi film music that has not been written earlier. A pioneer of playback singing in India and the composer who gave the initial breaks to singers like Parul Ghosh, Meena Kapoor, Mukesh, Talat Mahmood, Sudha Malhotra etc. He is credited with coaching Lata Mangeshkar with breath control techniques during recording of songs. Begum Akhtar’s timeless classics in the film ‘Roti’ (1942) were scored by him. Mukesh, Talat Mahmood, Suraiya et al have sung several of their classic songs under his composition. Lata having sung under various composers has a lot of numbers under his composition too and these songs will always remain on a higher plane. The fame achieved by the songs in ‘Kismet’ (1943) will be discussed and mentioned for a very long time.

There is enough material on the net on Anil Biswas, his life in Mumbai and Delhi, the many pioneering aspects of his compositions, how the mighty composers of later-years were his assistants earlier etc. And then there is also a detailed wikipage dedicated to him. However, I would like to draw the attention of readers to AK ji’s blog songsofyore.com.

Seventh of July, last week was the birth anniversary of Anil Da. Four years back, 2014 was his centenary year and the AK ji’s blog has a wide range of tributes and had dedicated an entire year on Anil Biswas starting with his daughter’s introductory post which one can find here. The eighth and last post on this special series can be found here.

The last post referred above also contains in its first paragraph links to the other six posts on Anil Biswas posted in his centenary year. I think die-hard fans of Anil Da can look no further than these posts to enjoy the complete range of his compositions for various artists and well himself.

Yes, he did sing for himself and I present here one such song composed and also sung by him.

I have no words to express my happiness in writing this post and introducing the song composed as well as sung by Anil Biswas to the blog. The immense gratitude to Atul ji and Sudhir ji for giving me yet another opportunity to write goes without saying.

This solo song is from the film ‘Ek Hi Raasta’ (1939). Only one of the potential twelve songs in the film has been posted on the blog so far and this is only the second song from the film to be posted.

To conclude the post, I once again congratulate Atul ji and Sudhir ji on this stupendous achievement of one decade of existence of the blog. There is a long way to go and many more milestones to be achieved. As we complete one decade of existence and march into the second, then to silver jubilee and beyond, the journey itself has become the destination for Atulites.

Long live the music of vintage and golden era, long live the passion of Atulites and long live the longevity of the blog. 🙂


Song – Bhai Hum Pardesi Log Hamen Kaun Jaane  (Ek Hi Raasta) (1939) Singer – Anil Biswas, Lyrics – Pt Indra Chandra, MD – Anil Biswas

Lyrics

bhai hum pardesi log
hamen kaun jaane
o bhai hum pardesi log
hamen kaun jaane
na koi apna na koi apni..ee..ee
sabhi paraaye log
na koi apna na koi apni
sabhi paraye log
hamen kaun pehchane re  
bhai hum pardesi log
hamen kaun pehchane re
bhai hum pardesi log  
hamen kaun jaane
 
khud hi rijhaaen khud man jaaen
chaahe ramaaye jog
khud hi rijhaaen khud man jaaen
chaahe ramaaye jog
chaahe bane diwaane re bhai
chaahe bane diwaane re bhai
hum pardesi log  
hamen kaun jaane
 
sab se milte phir bhi akele..ey..ey
sab se milte phir bhi akele..ey..ey
apne dil ka rog  
apne dil ka rog
koi kya jaane re bhai
koi kya jaane re  
bhai hum pardesi log  
hamen kaun jaane
o bhai hum pardesi log
hamen kaun jaane  
na koi apna na koi apni
sabhi paraaye log
na koi apna na koi apni
sabhi paraaye log
hamen kaun pehchane re
bhai hum pardesi log
hamen kaun pehchaane re
bhai hum pardesi log
hamen kaun jaane
o bhai hum pardesi lo..o..ogg

————————————–
Devnagri script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
—————————————

भई हम परदेसी लोग
हमें कौन जाने
ओ भई हम परदेसी लोग
हमें कौन जाने
ना कोई अपना ना कोई अपनी॰॰ई॰॰ई
सभी पराये लोग
ना कोई अपना ना कोई अपनी
सभी पराये लोग
हमें कौन पहचाने रे
भई हम परदेसी लोग
हमें कौन पहचाने रे
भई हम परदेसी लोग
हमें कौन जाने

खुद ही रिझाएँ खुद मन जाएँ
चाहे रमाएं जोग
खुद ही रिझाएँ खुद मन जाएँ
चाहे रमाएं जोग
चाहे बने दीवाने रे भाई
चाहे बने दीवाने रे भाई
हम परदेसी लोग
हमें कौन जाने

सबसे मिलते फिर भी अकेले॰॰ए॰॰ए
सबसे मिलते फिर भी अकेले॰॰ए॰॰ए
अपने दिल का रोग
अपने दिल का रोग
कोई क्या जाने रे भाई
कोई क्या जाने रे
भई हम परदेसी लोग
हमें कौन जाने
ओ भई हम परदेसी लोग
हमें कौन जाने
ना कोई अपना ना कोई अपनी
सभी पराये लोग
ना कोई अपना ना कोई अपनी
सभी पराये लोग
हमें कौन पहचाने रे
भई हम परदेसी लोग
हमें कौन पहचाने रे
भई हम परदेसी लोग
हमें कौन जाने
ओ भई हम परदेसी लो॰॰ओ॰॰ओग


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3527 Post No. : 14168

Today’s song is from film ‘Adhoori Kahani’ (1939).

This film is made by Ranjit Movietone of Sardar Chandulal Shah. A lot has already been written about him, Gauhar Mamajiwala and Ranjit Studios, so I am skipping that part. In the late 30s and early 40s, i.e. from about 1937 to 1947, Hindi film industry was making films emphasizing social reforms, society needs, peaceful coexistence of different religions and also raising a voice against the sinful customs prevalent then in Indians, all over the country. Some of the topics were, child marriages, marriages between the very young and the old, dowry demands, disowning parents, gambling, criminal activities etc.

Major film companies like Ranjit, Bombay Talkies, New Theatres, Prabhat Films etc. were the torch bearers in this campaign. After the country’s Independence and by the end of the 40’s decade, the taste of the audience started changing rapidly and within a short period the type of films produced took a 180 degrees’ turn. Now the films handled comedy, crime stories, modern love stories and in general, light entertainment became the sole purpose of seeing a film.Thus the role of films as a ‘reformer or a ‘teacher/preacher’ ended and films handling such themes got a poor response from the same audience.

Of course, 1939 was the initiation period for such a change. The first generation actors, directors and composers were still on the top and the film stories too were made in preaching style. The music was quite slow and influenced by stage/dramas/classical songs. Ranjit Movietone used to produce films like a factory. At any given time at least 2 to 3 film shootings were going on different floors. In its production life, Ranjit produced 175 films, including films in Marathi and Tamil. However, Calcutta’s New Theatres made 177 films, holding the Indian Record (perhaps the world record too).

Somehow, I feel that due to Saigal’s films, notably ‘Devdas’ (1935), the film makers of the late 30s were inclined to show death of the lead player of their films. If not, there was a kind of a tinge of sadism in some of the films made during this period. For example, I can quote Minerva’s ‘Jailor’ (1938) and ‘Main Haari’ (1940), ‘Adhoori Kahaani’ (1939), Kardar’s ‘Paagal’ (1940) and ‘Pooja’ (1940), Prabhat’s ‘Aadmi’ (1939), New Theatre’s ‘Badi Didi’ (1939) and ‘Dushman’ (1939), Sagar Movietone’s ‘Ek Hi Rasta’ (1939), Mehboob’s ‘Aurat’ (1940), Circo’s ‘Geeta’ (1940), New Theatres ‘Nartaki’ (1940), Mehboob’s ‘Behan’ (1941) and few other films. In all these and such films there was a serious theme – tragedy, sadism, psychotic behaviour, perversion and similar not so good emotions.

It was the pure and innocent love stories of Devika Rani and Ashok Kumar that gave relief to the audience. No wonder, a naive and extremely visible awkward Ashok kumar became popular on this background, as a help to him. By the mid 1940’s and end of the decade, the total trend of film stories had taken a drastic turn, as mentioned earlier.

Film ‘Adhoori Kahaani’ was one of those dark story films, where three main characters commit suicide in the film. The film was directed by Chaturbhuj Doshi, and the music was provided by Gyan Dutt, a paid employee of Ranjit. The cast of the film was Durga Khote, Prithviraj Kapoor, Rose, K Datey, Ila Devi, Ishwarlal, Yaqub, Khatoon, Mirza Musharraf, Meera etc etc.

The name ‘Meera’ is one of those which cause ‘Same Name Confusion’. Luckily, the other Meera (Mishra) started her acting career only in 1946, when this Meera was in the last phase of her career. Still many sites, books and writers mix up their filmography. Meera was an Anglo-Indian girl in Hindi films. During the silent film era a lot many European and Anglo-Indian girls acted in films. Few of them continued even after Talkie films started and very few like Sulochana and Sabita Devi etc. became successful even in the films for a considerable time. Some of these girls were, Ruby Meyers – Sulochana, Iris Gasper – Sabita Devi, Susan Soloman – Firoza begum (not the singer), Effie Hippolet – Indira Devi, Bonnie Bird – Lalita Devi, Esther Abraham – Pramila, Renee Smith – Sita Devi, Berryl Classen – Madhuri, Winnie Stewert – Manorama Senior, Erine Issac Daniels – Manorama Junior, Florence Ezekiel – Nadira, Sophie Abraham – Romilla, Rose Musleah – Rose, Lilian Ezra – Lilian, Mercia Soloman – Vimla, Rachel Sofaer – Arti Devi, Rachel Cohen – Ramola Devi, Patience Cooper, Violet Cooper, Ermelin – Sudhabala etc.

Meera’s real name was Muriel Alexander. She was born on 10-11-1919. She was from a respectable family. Her father was Superintendent – Local Audit in AG’s office. Brother E. Alexander was a national level cricketer. She passed her Inter-science exam from Benaras Hindu University. It was through one Mr. Seal, who was a manager in Adarsh Chitra, that she got her first break in film ‘Dhuwaandhaar’ (1935). It is not known if she sang any song in that film, as no records are available. My guess is that, besides acting, she must have sung few songs in that film. [Author’s Note: ‘Dhuwaandhaar’ was also the debut film for Leela Chitnis.]

Her name first appears as an actress and singer in film ‘Bhabhi’ (1938), in which she sang 3 solo songs. From 1935 to 1938, she must have sung many songs, but singers names are not mentioned in the available information on the available gramophone records. Thus many singers’ credit during this period have been lost. After ‘Bhabhi’, her name appears in ‘Nirmala’ and ‘Vachan’ (both from 1938) in which she sang 1 solo and 3 duets. She acted and sang songs in films of Ranjit, Prakash and Minerva Movietone films. [Author’s Note: Amirbai Karnataki also suffered due to this missing singer’s information situation.]

As per information available Meera acted in ‘Dolti Naiya’ (1934), ‘Dhuwandhar’ (1935), ‘Bhabhi’ (1938), ‘Wahaan’ (1938), ‘Adhoori Kahaani’ (1939), ‘Taatar Ka Chor’ (1940), ‘Paak Daaman’ (1940), ‘Chingaari’ (1940), ‘Armaan’ (1942), ‘Meri Duniya’ (1942), ‘Mauj’ (1943), ‘Krishna Bhakt Bodana’ (1944), ‘Ji Haan’ (1945), ‘Sham Savera’ (1946), ‘Ye Hai Duniya’ (1948) and ‘Sansaar’ (1951). In the film ‘Nirmala’ she only sang.

Another name in the cast is that of Ishwarlal.  Ishwarlal was born on 9-10-1911 at Ghanghaniya, Kathewar, Gujrat, as Ishwarlal Hariprasad Doshi. He belonged to a Jain family. After matriculation, he came to Bombay to act in films. Ishwarlal was very handsome. He got a job in Ranjit Studios. His first film was ‘Bhootiya Mahal’ (1932). Then came ‘Chaar Chakram’, also 1932.

He started acting and singing in films. Initially he sang only duets. Meanwhile, with ‘Jwalaamukhi’ (1936), he became a hero. He sang many songs in Ranjit Films, but the records are not available. Those days, not all songs of the film were recorded for commercial purpose. In ‘Billi’ (1938), he sang a duet with Sunita Devi. In ‘Aaj Ka Hindustan’ (1940), he sang two solos. In ‘Ummeed’ (1941), he had a duet with Noorjahan. In ‘Pyaas’ (1941), he sang with S Pradhan. In 1942, got two solo songs and two duets to sing in ‘Fariyaad’ under the baton of Khemchand Prakash. In ‘Zabaan’, under C Ramchandra, he sang 7 songs.

Some of his films were-

Diwali, Dheeraj, Chandni, Bhola Shikar, Nadira, Sitamgarh, Veer Babruwahan, Barrister’s Wife, College Kanya, Desh Dasi, Keemti Aansoo, Dil Ka Daaku, Jwaalamukhi, Sajni, Dil Farosh, Adhoori Kahaani, Thokar, Holi, Pyar, Bansari, Lalkar, Chirag, Us paar.

In 1945, he was the hero opposite to Noorjehan in ‘Badi Maa’, but he had no songs. In fact his last songs were in ‘Us Paar’ (1944). Then he did character roles in Subhadra, Mahasati Tulsi Vrinda, Sanskar, Naulakha Haar, Khuda Ka Banda etc.

His last film was ‘Meri Soorat Teri Aankhen’ in 1963.

He was married to a loyal wife Kamalabai. Due to excessive smoking he contracted lung diseases and died on 22-1-1969 in Bombay.

‘Adhoori Kahaani’ was a modernisation fable based on a story by famous Gujarati writer Gunwant Rai Acharya. screenplay, dialogues and lyrics were by JS Kashyap, Cinematography was by LN Varma and the music was composed by Gyan Dutt. The film was hailed as one of the best by Director Chaturbhuj Doshi.

The film’s story is. . .

The educated and liberal thinking Harbala (Durga Khote) is married to Seth Gopaldas (Keshav Rao Datey), a rich zamindar. He is a highly conservative type of husband with old time thinking. He neither approves nor likes the modern ways of his wife Harbala and tries to criticise and oppress her at every small thing. They have two children- Somnath (Prithviraj Kapoor) and Neelam (Rose). Gopaldas always accuses Harbala that she is spoiling the children and not treating them with discipline.

Fed up with this torture, harassment and his authoritarian traditionalism, Harbala commits suicide. Both children feel guilty. Hatred towards father drives them to commit suicide after their mother.

Having lost all family, Seth Gopaldas repents, but it is too late. The film ends with a hope that in the future, a less oppressive society will emerge. For now, the story is unfinished tale or Adhoori Kahani. (652)

 

The film had 12 songs of which nine are written by Kashyap, 2 songs by Mrs. Bhagyavati Ramya and one song by PL Santoshi. With this song, the film ‘Adhoori Kahani’ makes its debut on the Blog.

 


Song – So Ja Lalna So Ja (Adhoori Kahaani) (1939) Singer – Miss Meera, Lyrics – JS Kashyap ‘Natwaan’, Music – Gyan Dutt

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

so ja lalna so jaa
so ja lalna so jaa
maa ki godi
maa ki godi hai tera ghar
jeevan se tu aaya thak kar
so ja lalna so jaa
maa ki godi
maa ki godi hai tera ghar
jeevan se tu aaya thak kar
so ja lalna so jaa

is gulshan mein haar nahin hai
swarg hai ye sansaar nahin hai
is gulshan mein haar nahin hai
swarg hai ye sansaar nahin hai
so jaa
lalna
so jaa

aao godi
tumhen sula doon
meethi meethi (?? ??) doon
aankhon mein jal dhaara baha kar
tan man ka sab taap bujha doon
aankhon mein jal dhaara baha kar
tan man ka sab taap bujha doon
jeevan ka santaap mita doon
so jaa
lalna
so jaa

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

सो जा ललना सो जा
सो जा ललना सो जा
माँ की गोदी
माँ की गोदी है तेरा घर
जीवन से तू आया थक कर
सो जा ललना सो जा
माँ की गोदी
माँ की गोदी है तेरा घर
जीवन से तू आया थक कर
सो जा ललना सो जा

इस गुलशन में हार नहीं है
स्वर्ग है ये संसार नहीं है
इस गुलशन में हार नहीं है
स्वर्ग है ये संसार नहीं है
सो जा
ललना
सो जा

आओ गोदी
तुम्हें सुला दूँ
मीठी मीठी (?? ??) दूँ
आँखों में जल धारा बहा कर
तन मन का सब ताप बुझा दूँ
आँखों में जल धारा बहा कर
तन मन का सब ताप बुझा दूँ
जीवन का संताप मिटा दूँ
सो जा
ललना
सो जा


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has over 15700 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Important Announcement

(© 2008 - 2020) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

Total number of songs posts discussed

15715

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1211
Total Number of movies covered =4326

Total visits so far

  • 13,613,706 hits

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Historical dates

Blog Start date: 19 july 2008

Active for more than 4000 days.

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