Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Manna Dey songs’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4440 Post No. : 15884

Today’s song is from the film Baadbaan-1954.

This film has some history. After actress Devika Rani left Bombay Talkies in 1945, it was going downhill. The fall had actually started in 1940, after Himanshu Rai’s death. That is when Devika Rani took over the reigns of Bombay Talkies. From the day she was brought back from Calcutta (after the elopement), Devika Rani was not comfortable with Shashdhar Mukherjee. She had always suspected that he instigated the staff against her and they ridiculed her. She caught hold of Amiya Chakraborty in her group and there were clearly two groups in Bombay Talkies management.

As a result of continued friction, a big group of disgruntled staff of the company left Bombay Talkies and later formed Filmistan. Devika Rani was shattered, but the other loyalists helped her and the company continued till 1945. In this year, Devika Rani got married, sold her shares and left the company. The new management kept on making films sporadically, but except film Mahal-1949, no Hit film was made. Finally in 1952, the company was sold to Tolaram jalan, a businessman-not connected with films. In 1952, Bimal Roy made the film ‘Maa’ and Phani majumdar made the film ‘Tamasha ‘, but these too could not save Bombay Talkies.

As a last effort, the employees of Bombay Talkies got together and formed “Bombay Talkies workers’ Industrial Cooperative Society ” and made the film “Baadbaan “-54. As a help to the workers and as a gesture of gratitude, all the artistes of the film, like Dev Anand, Meena Kumari, Usha Kiran,Jairaj, Leela Chitnis etc etc, the director Phani Majumdar and the composers Timir Baran and S K Pal, along with all Technical staff worked free for this film.

In Spite of all this, the film Baadbaan flopped and finally the company was closed down in December-1954. That was the background history of the film Baadbaan. The meaning of this Title word is…Baad means Storm and Baan means Safeguard. The film is about the storm that comes in the life of the Hero and how his life changes after this.

The all-star cast of eleven top-rate players comprised of Dev Anand, Meena Kumari, Usha Kiron, Ashok Kumar, Bipin Gupta, Gope, Krishnakant, Jairaj, Leela Chitnis, Sheikh Mukhtar and Shivraj.The credit for handling this brilliant array or talent goes to Director Phani Mazumdar who also wrote the story and to Nabendu Ghosh whose compact screenplay and terse, but tell­ing, dialogue exploit both the stars and their well-written parts as well as the richly-interest­ing story.

A beautiful, very melodious music score composed by Timir Baran and S.K. Pal, lovely lyrics written by Indivar and Udhav Kumar and superbly choreographed dances designed by the brilliant exponent Shanti Bhardan and Parvati Kumar provide sparkling highlights in this engrossing film.

The picture depicts a story rich in incident and emotional conflict and centers on an orphaned child whose parents, fisher folk, are killed in a storm and who is adopted by a rich, kind and broad-minded philanthropist. The real drama sets in when the boy returns from Eng­land and falls in love with a lovely young so­cialite who reciprocates his love. On hearing of his true parentage, however, her father forbids the marriage but relents at seeing his daugh­ter’s unhappiness.The hero’s overwhelming passion for a beautiful fisher girl from the village of his birth to which he returns, bent on improving his peo­ple’s lot, and his love for his charming wife make for strong emotional power climaxed tragically by the latter’s death and given subtle meaning by his return to his own people and a girl of his own kind.The best performance comes from Usha Kiron who dominates the picture with her gloriously rich portrayal as the fisher girl Mohania. She literally lights up the screen with her brilliant, sympathetic acting.

Dev Anand, as the hero, puts over a good role despite the fact that he tends to fall short in some of his scenes and is a trifle gauche throughout the film. Meena Kumari, as his ill- starred wife, turns in a quiet, polished role in a quite difficult part. Another subtle but telling performance comes from Ashok Kumar who plays her silent lover and the hero’s friend with the consummate ease of a veteran artist.Bipin Gupta and Krishnakant, as the hero’s foster-father and the heroine’s father, act im­peccably as usual. Jairaj, as Dev Anand’s fa­ther, does well in a small part and Leela Chitnis as his mother acts well and looks love­ly. The comedy is provided mainly by Gope who handles his comic and dramatic scenes very well. ( review adapted from Cineplot, with thanks.).

In Spite of all this, the film was not successful at the Box office. The reasons could be any and many, but the film industry is governed by superstitious notions. One of them is that the pair of Dev Anand- Meena Kumari can not bring out anything good. This pair had featured in 4 films. Their first film was ‘Sanam’-51. Of course Meena Kumari was not a Heroine in this film, but her presence in the film with Dev Anand, saw that the Love Birds- Suraiya-Dev Anand separated for ever in their lives, from this film. The director Nandlal Jaswantlal also began a bad patch in his life .

The second film was ‘Tamasha’-52, made by an already sinking Bombay talkies. This film not only failed, but Bombay Talkies also did not remain in a position to make another film. When the workers union made the film Baadbaan-54 -their 3rd film together- the film and the Union, together with Bombay Talkies sank so deep – never to get up again ! That was Curtains for Bombay Talkies !

For the fourth time Dev and Meena kumari came together again in film ‘Kinare Kinare’-63. Lyricist Nyay Sharma was the Producer. The film took 5 years to complete and after its release, flopped miserably, putting Nyay Sharma in the depth of debts ! Seeing this result, no Producer ever dared to bring Dev-Meena Kumari together again, Ever !

I would not believe such stories, but when I saw another example, I started believing this phenomenon. There was yet another pair- Waheeda-Rajendra Kumar- in films, which was called a “KIller Pair”. The first film of this pair was the film ‘Nirmala’ Made by Dalsukh Pancholi. During its making only, Pancholi died and the film went into cans. Second film was ‘Palki’-67, made by S U Sunny. During its making Sunny died on the sets. The film was completed by Mahesh Kaul, but on release it flopped. The third film was S S Vasan’s “Shatranj”-69. During its making Vasan died. Their fourth and last film together was “Dharati’-70, made by Director Shreedhar. During its making, the producer-Shreedhar’s mother died. After this film, no one dared to bring this pair together again, ever !

In our film industry, such stories of ‘Lucky” -“Unlucky” actors, directors and MDs are many. Maybe some more stories, some other time….

Here is the 6th song from the film Baadbaan-54. It is sung by Manna Dey, Asha Bhosle and chorus. The song’s duration is only 2.50minutes, but it’s prelude music runs for 1.18 minutes…one of the longest, maybe.


Song-Jai deva ho (Baadbaan)(1954) Singers-Asha Bhonsle, Manna Dey, Lyrics-Uddhav Kumar, MD-Timir Baran- S K Pal
Chorus
Asha Bhonsle + Manna Dey + Chorus

jai deva ho
jai deva ho
jai deva jai deva jai deva ho

jai deva ho
jai deva ho
jai deva jai deva jai deva ho
jai deva ho jai deva ho
jai deva jai deva jai deva ho

humpe raakho mehar ki najariya najariya
jai deva ho
jai deva ho
jai deva jai deva jai deva ho

andhiyaari raat gayi bairan barsaat gayi
o o o
o o o

andhiyari raat gayi bairan barsat gayi
ho o o o

aayi hai bhor naye saal ki
aayi hai aayi hai aayi hai bhor naye saal ki
aao re deva baitho re deva
khaali hai ankhiyon ki paalki
ee ee ee
aayi hai bhor naye saal ki

jai deva ho jai deva ho
jai deva jai deva jai deva ho


This article is written by Avinash Scrapwala, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4432 Post No. : 15866 Movie Count :

4365

#The Decade of Seventies – 1971 – 1980 #
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# Bhoole-Bisre Geet # 101 # Remembering Salil Chowdhury #
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Today 5th September 2020 is the twenty-fifth (19 November 1922 – 5 September 1995) ‘Remembrance anniversary’ of yesteryears’ great music director and also lyricist, writer and poet Salil Chowdhary.

Salil Chowdhury has given us some of the unforgettable and even immortal songs in movies like ‘Do Bigha Zameen-1953’, ‘Naukri-1954’, ‘Jaagte Raho-1956’, ‘Madhumati-1958’, ‘Parakh-1960’, ‘Chhayaa-1961’, ‘Anand-1971’, ‘Mere Apne-1971’, ‘Rajnigandha-1974’ and many many others. There is a long list of his achievements and recognitions which very well deserved a detailed post. However today we will discuss a lesser known movie where music is composed by him.

Today’s song is from a movie ‘Sabse Badaa Sukh-1972’.

I came across this song almost seven years back and it is lying pending since then. That time the very less information was available with me about his movie. After that I got information from HFGK Vol-V (1971-1980). The movie had also become available online for some time before becoming unavailable again.

Here are the details about his movie.

‘Sabse Badaa Sukh-1972’ was directed by Hrishikesh Mukherjee for ‘Lakshmi Enterprise’ and ‘Hrishikesh Mukherjee Unit’. Saroj Bannerjee, Susheela Kamat, Nitin Mukesh and Shakeel Chandra were assistant directors. The movie was presented by Ashok Hira and Kishore Kanungo

Story and screenplay of this movie was written by Hrishikesh Mukherjee. Nityanand Dutt and D.N. Mukherjee were his associates.

Dialogues for this movie were written by Gulzar. Additional scenes were written by Salil Chowdhary and lyrics were written by Yogesh.

Das Dhaimade was the Editor in chief for this movie whereas Subhash Gupta was the sound editor. Editing was done by Shanker Pradhan, Shreedhar Mishra, Khan Zaman Khan and Anil Pradhan. Biren Tripathy was the Dialogue director of this movie. Anil Ghosh was the associate director and controller of production.

This movie had Vijay Arora, Robi Ghosh, Meeta Faiyyaz, Naarghita, Kumud Damle, Meher Banu, Rajni Bala, Sabeena, Sunita, Tun Tun. Kali Bannerjee, Utpal Dutt, Asrani and Keshto Mukherjee. They were supported by S. N. Banerjee, Raj Verma, Bhola, Noni, Tarun Ghosh, Mukund Babu, Sudha, Sarita Devi, Shreedhar, Jagjit, Meena Rai and others.

Manna Dey, Nitin Mukesh and Naarghita had given their voice to the two songs in this movie. Music for this movie was composed by Salil Chowdhury. Kanu Ghosh and Shashikant assisted him in music.

This movie was passed by Censor Board on 24.11.1972.

Today’s song is a background song played while the titles of the movie are rolling. Earlier video links were available which now seem to have become obsolete and only the audio of this song is available.

This song is sung by Manna Dey. This movie had total two songs and the other song is sung by Nitin Mukesh and Naarghita.

I have not watched this movie so can’t say much about it. However, I would request knowledgeable readers to throw light on this movie and its songs.

Let us now enjoy today’s song. Lyrics are written by Yogesh and music is composed by Salil Chowdhury.

With this song ‘Sabse Badaa Suh-1972’ makes its debut on the blog.

Audio

Song-Chal chal chal re (Sabse Bada Sukh)(1972) Singer-Manna Dey, Lyrics-Yogesh, MD-Salil Chaudhary
All chorus
Male chorus
Female chorus

Lyrics

Chal chal chal re ae ae
Pyaase man mere mujhe
Ab na chhal re ae ae
Khwaabon mein uljhe
tu ye na samjhe
Khwaabon mein uljhe
tu ye na samjhe
Kahaan hai
Kahaan hai
Kahaan hai
Tera sabse bada sukh
Tera sabse bada sukh
Tera sabse bada sukh

Aa aa aa
Aa aa aa

Jag hai bada albela aa
Aa
Lagaa hai yahaan ik mela
Aa
Jag hai bada albela aa
Aa
Lagaa hai yahaan ik mela
Aa
Sambhal sambhal kar yahaan se nikal
Na mailaa ho aanchal al
Chal chal chal re ae
Pyaase man mere mujhe ab na chhal re ae
Khwaabon mein uljhe
tu ye na samjhe
Khwaabon mein uljhe
tu ye na samjhe
Kahaan hai
Kahaan hai
Kahaan hai
Tera sabse bada sukh
Tera sabse bada sukh
Tera sabse bada sukh

Aa
Aa
Aa

Sapnon ke lekar jhule ae
Aa
Kitne yahaan path bhule ae
Aa
Sapnon ke lekar jhule ae
Aa
Kitne yahaan path bhule ae
Aa
Dagar dagar pe hai taashon ka nagar
Thehar na man chanchal al
Chal chal chal re ae ae
Pyaase man mere mujhe
Ab na chhal re ae ae
Khwaabon mein uljhe
tu ye na samjhe
Khwaabon mein uljhe
tu ye na samjhe
Kahaan hai
Kahaan hai
Kahaan hai
Tera sabse bada sukh
Tera sabse bada sukh
Tera sabse bada sukh

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Devnagari Script Lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
———————————————–
चल चल चल रे
प्यासे मन मेरे मुझे
अब न छल रे ए
ख़्वाबों में उलझे तू ये न समझे
ख़्वाबों में उलझे तू ये न समझे
कहाँ है
कहाँ है
कहाँ है
तेरा सबसे बड़ा सुख
तेरा सबसे बड़ा सुख
तेरा सबसे बड़ा सुख


जग है बड़ा अलबेला आ

लगा है यहाँ इक मेला

जग है बड़ा अलबेला आ

लगा है यहाँ इक मेला

संभल संभल कर यहाँ से निकल
न मैला हो आँचल अल
चल चल चल रे
प्यासे मन मेरे मुझे
अब न छल रे ए
ख़्वाबों में उलझे तू ये न समझे
ख़्वाबों में उलझे तू ये न समझे
कहाँ है
कहाँ है
कहाँ है
तेरा सबसे बड़ा सुख
तेरा सबसे बड़ा सुख
तेरा सबसे बड़ा सुख



सपनों के लेकर झूले ए

कितने यहाँ पथ भूले ए

सपनों के लेकर झूले ए

कितने यहाँ पथ भूले ए

डगर डगर पे है ताशों का नगर
ठहर न मन चंचल अल
चल चल चल रे
प्यासे मन मेरे मुझे
अब न छल रे ए
ख़्वाबों में उलझे तू ये न समझे
ख़्वाबों में उलझे तू ये न समझे
कहाँ है
कहाँ है
कहाँ है
तेरा सबसे बड़ा सुख
तेरा सबसे बड़ा सुख
तेरा सबसे बड़ा सुख


This article is written by nahm, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4431 Post No. : 15864

Remembrance day of Mukri :

Mukri also spelled as Muqri was an Indian film actor, who worked as a comedian in Hindi films. Born as Muhammad Umar Mukri in Alibagh, in Kokani Muslim Family, he started his film career with the film Pratima along with noted film actor Dilip Kumar in 1945. Born of 5th January 1922, he left for heavenly abode on 4th September’2000 at the age of 72 years.

Mukri was seen in many films in character roles and comic role. One movie which comes to mind in ‘Ram aur Shyam”. Here also he featured with Dilip Kumar as his friend.

Today is the 20th death anniversary, so as a tribute, I have found a wonderful comic song picturized on Mukri and Mehmood. The film is ‘Madhavi’(1969), with Laxmikant –Pyarelal and Anand Bakshi as music director and lyricist. The movie had very good songs, I hear. This is the only Rafi song picturized on Mukri which remained to be posted, going by the information is Rafi sahab’s excel sheet. I expect, Mukri may not be as prolific as Mehmood, Johhny Walker or Agha. So there are most likely fewer songs where he actually sings. In this song Manna De is giving playback for Mehmood and Rafi Sahab is singing for Mukri. Now, in the absence of song video, how can I be certain of this ? I have searched on youtube, though the movie “Madhavi” is available, video of only one song is there. All other songs, only audio is available, including the song being posted. Actually, on closer inspection, there are voices of both Mehmood and Mukri are there is the song along with the singers. This is a comic song in real terms, maybe a rip-off on “Padosan” songs.

It was my husband who confirmed the playback for Mehmood and Mukri. As I was noting the lyrics this evening, he asked from where I had found this song from ‘Madhavi”. This is not a known song for me, but may husband knows the songs of this film very well.

The name did ring a bell that I had contributed the lyrics of Lata solo of the two songs posted :

parda hata de mukhda dikha de
saanjh sawere adharon pe mere

My husband also helpfully given the story outline of this costume drama film of Kings, Princes and Princesses. Sanjay Khan is a prince and Deepa, in title role of Madhavi, is a princess. Mehmood and Mukri are all part of the Sanjay Khan’s entourage. This songs is performed on stage. Pran is the Senapati of Sanjay Khan, and he has this dialogue as his ‘takiya kalaam” :

“Shaadi karungaa to sirf madhavi se, warna maut se !”

Video

Audio

Song-Saamne mere paani bharte… na karoon band tere chhand tingu (Madhavi)(1969) Singers-Manna Dey, Rafi, Lyrics-Anand Bakshi, MD-Laxmikant Pyarelal

Lyrics

Aa eeeeee
ae eeeeeee
aaaaaaaa aaaa
ae……
saamne mere paani bharte
baden baden kaviraaj
arey ik chhota sa machhar aayaa aaa
mujh se ladne aaj
hee hee hee heeee
hamm mmm
he he he he he
machhar boltaa hai
khatmal ke bachhe

(Laughter)
na karun band tere chhand
thingu
hey thingu
to mera naam nahin
na karoon
na karoon band tere chhand
thingu
hey thingu
to mera naam nahin

hey………
kavita chhod re
chal daud lambu
hey lambu
yeh teraa kaam nahin
kavita
kavita chhod re
chal daud lambu
hey lambu
yeh teraa kaam nahin

yaad karaa dungaa main nani ee ee
nani ee
yaad karaa dungaa main nani
(coughing sound)
paani
jis ki bhains ussi ki laatthi
jis ka ghoda ussi ki kaatthi
naach na jaane
da da triga da
naach na jaane
aangan tedha

tu to hai Mathura ka peeda aa

gaaliyaan denaa
baat hai gandi ee

ye kavita hai
ya tuk bandi

hey ea ea ea
hey ea ea ea
hey ea ea ea
hey ea ea ea

na doon main
na doon main
tod tere jod tthingu
hey tthingu
to meraa naam nahin

kavita
kavita chhod re
chal daud lambu
hey lambu

yeh teraa kaam nahin

“>ek to dhelaa
uss pe khotaa
ek to chhotaa
uss pe motaa
main lekhak sansaar chalaaun un
chalaaun

meeaunw
main lekhak sansaar chalaaun
main sainik talwaar chalaaun
aa jaa
arey aa jaa
nahi
aa jaa
jaa jaa
arey aa jaa aa jaa
sainki lekhak se na ladnaa
wah wah wah wah
phir se padhnaa

sainik lekhak se na ladnaa
maaroongaa
aage na badhnaa
bol gagan pe kitne taare
aaj ginoongaa raat ko pyaare
yeh gori mujh pe hai marti
lekin mujh se pyaar hai karti
oye oye oye oye oye oye oye
oyo oyo oyo oyo oyo oyo
peyn peyn teyn teny peyn peyn
peyn peyn teyn teny peyn peyn
…… ………
……. ………

chup
tu maali
tere haathh mein khurpee
bol
bol bol
chup kyun ho gayaa
tu maali
ter haath mein khurpee

khurpee
mmmmm
mmm
tu teli
tu teli
tere sar pe kolhu

nai
nai
nai
nai
nai
nai
qaafiyaa nahi milaa

arey qafiyaa nahi milaa to kya huaa
wazan se to maregaa aa
(Laughter)


This article is written by Mahesh Mamadapur, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4416 Post No. : 15823

Mukesh and his co-singers –7
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There is a school of thought amongst music lovers that the voice of Manna Dey suited better for Raj Kapoor than Mukesh. While technically, there could be substance to the concept, it remains a fact that the empathy evolving from the voice of Mukesh and the emotion and expressions of Raj Kapoor’s acting on screen fitted to a T. No wonder RK upon hearing Mukesh’s demise in far off Detroit city commented that he had lost his soul. I am of the firm opinion that the voice of Mukesh on Raj Kapoor suited most aptly than the actor singing himself.

As far as Manna Dey singing for Raj Kapoor is concerned, the songs from Chori Chori, Shree 420, Dil Hi Toh Hai, Mera Naam Joker etc. come to the mind instantly. Chori Chori and Shree 420, both released in 1956 were at a time when Mukesh was experimenting with many departments of films and had also signed a contract for the film Maashuqa as an actor-singer with heroine none other than Suraiya. The Contractalso had a clause that he would not be singing for anyone else till the completion of the film. The film unfortunately got delayed and so did the successful career of Mukesh.

It is for this reason that even though Mukesh has the iconic solo, a duet with Lata and a triad with Rafi saab and Lata, Manna Dey had his share of songs in the movie Shree 420 including the popular pyar hua ikraar hua hai.

It is said that Mukesh after singing 3 songs in the film conveyed to RK that he could no longer be part of the film because of the Contract that he had signed. So why didn’t Manna Dey establish himself as a permanent or a more frequent RK voice. Well, it was the year 1958, Mukesh free from the clutches of his Contract came back as a playback singer and boy what a return that was.

Madhumati, Parvarish, Phir Subah Hogi and Yahudi all under different composers and picturised on RK and Dilip Kumar were runway hits. Mukesh had found his mojo back. Raj Kapoor understood that with Mukesh giving him playback he need not look any further. The bond between them remained forever. Body and the soul’s bonding was noticed not only by Shankar Jaikishan but by other composers also. Thus, when Raj Kapoor forayed acting for other production houses, it was usually Mukesh who was summoned for playback.

Thus, we have Manna Dey singing only a few songs for Raj Kapoor in spite of the popularity of songs from Shree 420 and Chori Chori in 1956. However, all composers were also aware of the limitations of Mukesh and the versatility of Manna Day especially for the songs based on classical music. It is pertinent to mention the song from Dil Hi Toh Hai 1963. While most of the songs from this film were sung by Mukesh, Roshan the composer rightly found it prudent to have Manna Dey sing the popular Laagaa, chunri mein daag. With due respects to other stalwarts, I am of the firm opinion that no singer could have pulled off this song as elegantly as Manna Dey.

This post and the series as such is on Mukesh’s collaboration with other singers. And in this instance also, it’s not only about Mukesh and Manna Dey singing for RK camp but for all the songs that they rendered together in HFM. But then many songs sung by Manna Dey for Raj Kapoor have also become quite popular and hence I had to devote a majority of the post for their individual songs on Raj Kapoor.

Whilst we are on the discussing the singers in unison, I should highlight that Mukesh has sung a comic solo under Manna Dey’s composition for the film Chamkee (1952). I have always been curious to know why this song was offered to Mukesh as Manna Dey himself was quite apt at singing such songs. One possible reason could be due to the bad phase that Mukesh had entered during this period and this was could have been some kind of help extended.

Coming to today’s post, here is the list of all songs in which Mukesh and Manna Dey featured together. Not surprisingly, most of them are with multiple singers and chorus. Quite a few of them are rare and popular.

1 under Anilda is famous song from a popular film. It is interesting to note that it is sung by four singers whose names start with the letter “M”. Needless to say, it’s the only one of its kind in HFM where they have come together.

2 had many songs by Mukesh featured on Raj Kapoor and Mahendra Kapoor and Manna Dey join in for other actors in the song. Its again rare to find Geeta Dutt in SJ camp.

3 and 4 are under Hemant Kumar who himself was an accomplished singer and composer but got to many sing songs by other singers in his compositions. Mukesh has sung about half a dozen songs under him.

5 is quite a comic song on which our Arunkumar ji has written a detailed post.

S.No Name of the Song Movie (Year of release) Other co-singers if any Music Director Lyricist
1 Kadam kadam se dil de Chaar Dil Chaar Raahen (1959) Mahendra Kapoor, Meena Kapoor Anil Biswas Sahir Ludhianvi
2 Hai aag hamaare seene mein Jis Desh Mein Ganga Behti Hai (1960) Geeta Dutt, Mahendra Kapoor, Lata Mangeshkar Shankar Jaikishan Shailendra
3 Mujhko mohabbat ho gayi hai Biwi Aur Makaan (1966) Talat Mehmood, Hemant Kumar, Joginder, Hemant Kumar Gulzar
4 Aa tha jab janam liya tha Biwi Aur Makaan (1966) Hemant Kumar Hemant Kumar Gulzar
5 Ye kaun hain ye kaun hain jo besahaara hain Main Sundar Hoon (1971) Asha Bhonsle Shankar Jaikishan Anand Bakshi
6 Besharmi se sharam na kar Teen Chor (1973) Mohammed Rafi Sonik Omi Rajendra Krishan
7 Na tum ho yaar aloo Dus Numbri (1976) Laxmikant Pyarelal Majrooh Sultanpuri
8 Dilruba Dilliwali Dus Numbri (1976) Asha Bhonsle Laxmikant Pyarelal Majrooh Sultanpuri

4, 6, 7 and 8 from the above list are yet to be featured on the blog and I take up song number 7 for representation in this post.

Shri Harish Raghuwanshi of Surat, the compiler of Mukesh Geetkosh has helped me with confirming the correctness of and completeness of the above table of songs. I express my sincere thanks to him for his continued support.

Dus Numbri (1976) in which Mukesh had 04 songs was in continuation with the many songs that he was singing for Manoj Kumar during late sixties and seventies. The title song of this movie remains famous. Strangely, this title song is the only song of this film to be featured on the blog so far. Mukesh and Manoj Kumar’s combination had become quite popular with some outstanding songs. I had read somewhere that they were planning to produce a film upon the return of Mukesh from his US tour in 1976. As we are aware, Mukesh never came back from that tour as he passed away on 27 August 1976 in Detroit. This date being around the corner, my next post will be on his remembrance day and probably starting with a new series.


Song-Na tum ho yaar aaloo na hum hain yaar gobhi (Dus Numberi)(1976) Singers-Mukesh, Manna Dey, Lyrics-Majrooh Sultanpuri, MD-Laxmikant Pyarelal
Both

Lyrics

na tum ho yaar aaloo
na hum hain yaar gobhi
na tum ho yaar aaloo
na hum hain yaar gobhi
tum bhi ho yaar dhobhi
aur hum bhi yaar dhobhi
na tum ho yaar aaloo
na hum hain yaar gobhi
tum bhi ho yaar dhobi
aur hum bhi yaar dhobhi

na tum ho yaar aaloo
na hum hain yaar gobhi

suno majboori suno
tumse kya chori suno
suno majboori suno
tumse kya chori suno
ik din ka haal suno
ae Hiralal
kya bataaun huye kya kya lafde
kya bataaun huye kya kya lafde
saaheb ka suit pahan
le kar ke apni dhoban
hum bioscope chala dekhte hai

laallaallaa oy hoy
hoy hoy

ho ho
shaamat ki maat mera
saaheb bhi yaar mila
raste mein aur laga dekhne
dekha jo suit
ho diya kas kar do boot
ho gaali de de ke pakdi gardaniya
gaali de de ke pakdi gardaniya
ho machi wo dhooma dhoom (?)
wo kahin ho gayi re gum
usi hullad mein meri dhobaniya
usi hullad mein meri dhobaniya

dhoban ko le uda re
kyaa jaane kaun lobhi
dhoban ko le uda re
kyaa jaane kaun lobhi
tum bhi ho yaar dhobi
aur hum bhi yaar dhobi

na tum ho yaar aaloo
na hum hain yaar gobhi

o ho
suno majboori suno
tumse kya chori suno
suno majboori suno
tumse kya chori suno
apna bhi haal suno
ae Bansilal
coat maine bhi pehna kisi ka
coat maine bhi pehna kisi ka
arre kya thhi khabar
ke hai uske andar
ke photu hai mama inhi ka
hai aiyyo
ke photu hai mama inhi ka
dhoban ko sang liye
chehre pe rang liye
unhu
hotel pahunchaane bechaara
o oarkhaane ke baad
daala paackit mein haath
ke chukaa doon use daam saara
dena thha maal
diya photu nikaal
aisa dhokha hua mujh ko tagda
aisa dhokha hua mujh ko tagda
dhoban ne dekh
diye thhapad do ek
aur kar ke dhamaal
noch kar sar ke baal
kahin chal di wo kar ke jhagda
haay haay
kahin chal di wo kar ke jhagda
meri maal

ab haal mera sun kar
chup kyun ho
kuchh kaho jee
ab haal mera sun kar
chup kyun ho
kuchh kaho jee
tum bhi ho yaar dhobi
aur hum bhi yaar dhobi
na tum ho yaar aaloo
na hum hai yaar gobhi

suno majboori suno
tumse kya chori suno
suno majboori suno
tumse kya chori suno
hum bhi dil rakhhte to hain
pyaar kar sakte to hain

ho jee ek dhoban meri
haaye mehbooban meri
ek dam thi aazaadi
nayi nayi huyi thhi shaadi

par meri jaan e jahaan
wo gayi jaane kahaan
par meri jaan e jahaan
wo gayi jaane kahaan
aise lagti thhi
aise lagti thhi
gale haaye Raam
jaise istri chale haaye Raam
ho jabse wo gayi chali haaye Raam
main phiroon gali gali haaye Raam

arre chhod gayi dil mein kaanta
maar gyi dhobi paataa
milne ka yaar uske
koi jatan karo jee
milne ka yaar uske
koi jatan karo jee
tum bhi ho yaar dhobi
aur hum bhi yaar dhobi
na tum ho yaar aaloo
na hum hain yaar gobhi
tum bhi ho yaar dhobi
aur hum bhi yaar dhobi
na tum ho yaar aaloo
na hum hain yaar gobhi


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4408 Post No. : 15798

apni kahaani chhod jaa
kuchh to nishaani chhod jaa
kaun kahe iss or
tu phir aaye naa aaye

That is how Balraj Sahni left his mark as an outstanding method actor in most of his nearly 100 films in which he acted during the course of his 27 years of filmy career. Balraj Sahni started his filmy career as an actor almost at the same time as Dev Anand, Dilip Kumar and Raj Kapoor, the trinity of the golden period of Hindi film industry. But he had to struggle hard to establish himself as an actor in demand. It took him more than a decade to do so while his compatriot trinity had become the stars in early 1950s.

Balraj Sahni was very bitter about his early experiences in his filmy career. Having associated with IPTA and being a card member of the Communist Party of India, it was difficult to get roles in the films despite the success of ‘Hum Log’ (1951) and ‘Hulchul’ (1951) in which he had important roles. Those days, it was a fashion to brand any one as communist if he had difference of opinion with men of authorities. Since Balraj Sahni was already a member of Communist Party, many producers were wary of offering him roles. In a few films in which he got the roles, he was unceremoniously dropped later from the films either directly or indirectly by offering him smaller roles.

When I completed reading Balraj Sahni’s autobiography in Hindi, I was surprised as to how he got drawn into Hindi films when he had an impressive curriculum vitae before he became an actor in Hindi films. He completed his double M.A. in Hindi and English literature from Government College, Lahore and joined Shanti Niketan along with his wife, Damyanti Sahni to work with Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore. He worked there as a lecturer in Hindi and English. After two years, he and his wife shifted to Sewagram in Wardha to work with Mahatma Gandhi where he also worked as teacher in the institute run in Sewagram. In 1939, with the blessing of Mahatma Gandhi, he and his wife joined BBC London as a Radio Announcer and as a producer, respectively for their Hindi services. In 1944, Balraj Sahni and his wife landed back in Mumbai and got involved in Hindi plays under IPTA. From this point of time, both he and his wife got drawn towards acting in the films, that too not by their own volitions but through Chetan Anand, their close friend.

Balraj Sahni (01/05/1913 – 13/04/1973), was born as Yudhishthir Sahni in Rawalpindi in an Arya Samaji family. His father was a successful businessman – a wholesale cloth merchant who could afford to have a summer villa in Srinagar. In 1930, after completing his matriculation, he joined Government College, Lahore for B.A. His college days coincided with the advent of talkies during which he watched many Hindi and English films. He also participated as an actor in College’s dramatic society. By the time, he had completed M.A. in Hindi and English literature, he had developed an interest in literature rather than in acting in the films.

During four years of his stay in London, Balraj Sahni watched many English plays and Russian films which he felt was ahead of American films. Through Russian films, he got introduced to Marxism and Leninism. By the time, he and his wife returned to Mumbai in 1944, they had embraced Marxism. For some time, both of them stayed at Chetan Anand’s bungalow at Bandra whom he knew from his days in Government College, Lahore. Chetan Anand was also associated with IPTA where Balraj Sahni got acquainted with K A Abbas, Krishan Chandra, Phani Mujumdar, Prem Dhavan, V P Sathe, C P Joshi among others. In IPTA, K A Abbas who was writing a play ‘Zubeida’ selected Balraj Sahni to direct it. The play became a hit. This was the start of his long association with K A Abbas.

During his IPTA days, Chetan Anand offered him and his wife major roles in his maiden film ‘Neecha Nagar’ (1946) which was in the planning stage. However, Chetan Anand was not able to arrange the finances. So, the making of the film got delayed. During the same time, Phani Mujumdar offered him a small role of the hero’s friend in ‘Insaaf’ (1946). At first, Balraj Sahni was not enthusiastic to accept the small role. It was only after Phani Majumdar assured him that in his next film ‘Door Chalen’ (1946), he would give him a major role which he kept his words. Both the films did not click at the box office.

In the meanwhile, IPTA got a licence to produce a full-length feature film which K A Abbas used it for making ‘Dharti Ke Laal’ (1946). It was IPTA’s first and the last film. Both Balraj Sahni and Damyanti Sahni got major roles in the film along with other IPTA actors. This film also failed at the box office as the film’s release coincided with communal violence in Mumbai. However, the film was critically acclaimed both nationally and internationally. Thereafter, both Balraj Sahni and Damyanti Sahni worked in ‘Gudia’ (1947) in lead roles. However, soon after the completion of the film, Damyanti Sahni who also used to work with the slum dwellers in Mumbai as a part of her social work, fell ill. Due to adverse reaction of the medicines, she died in April 1947 at a young age of 26, leaving Balraj Sahni with two kids, Parikshit and Shabnam.

A devasted Balraj Sahni soon left Mumbai and started staying in his father’s summer villa in Srinagar while his kids were sent to Rawalpindi at his parent’s house. But within few months, the communal riots on the eve of the partition made Balraj Sahni and his parents with kids to come back to Mumbai leaving everything behind. While IPTA took care of him on his second coming, he also commenced shooting for ‘Gunjan’ (1948) in which he had got the offer of the lead role opposite Nalini Jaywant when he was in Srinagar.

In 1948-49, Balraj Sahni was mostly associated with IPTA plays and communist party activities. During this period, he got married to Santosh Chandok, his cousin who was a writer and actor in IPTA. During the rehearsal of the play ‘Signalman Dulee’, all IPTA members were called to participate in a procession taken by the communist party which had taken anti-Nehru stance, branding him to be an agent of British Government. Carried away by the party line, Balraj Sahni wrote and acted in an IPTA play ‘Jaadu Ki Kursi’ which was directed by Mohan Sehgal. The play was a satire on Pandit Nehru’s policies. During this time, Communist Party took out a procession in the street of Mumbai with slogan shouting and criticising Nehru’s policies. Balraj Sahni and other IPTA members had also joined the procession. There was lathi charge and police firings. Many prominent activists of IPTA such as Balraj Sahni, Majrooh Sultanpuri, Ali Sardar Jafri, Deena Pathak etc. were arrested and imprisoned in Arthur Road jail for 2 years.

Before his arrest, Balraj Sahni had got a major role in K Asif’s film, ‘Hulchul’ (1951) on the recommendation of Dilip Kumar. Shooting of the film had commenced but Balraj Sahni was in jail. With the good offices of producer, K Asif, Balraj Sahni got permission from the Jailor to join shooting during the day time under the police escorts. Incidentally, Balraj Sahni acted in this film in the role of a Jailor. The arrangements continued until the film’s shooting was completed.

After about 6 months of imprisonment, Balraj Sahni was freed from the jail. It is not known as to how he got released from the jail in 6 months but I feel that there must be some reason for remission in his jail terms and this was not liked by his party. He found to his dismay that the party has branded him as ‘traitor’ and some of his friends and acquaintances avoided meeting him. After some time, Balraj Sahani left IPTA and Communist Party of India due to difference of opinions. Those days, any party member having put forward a different opinion than the party line, used to be branded as ‘reactionary’, ‘traitor’ etc.

Notwithstanding leaving IPTA and Communist Party, Balraj Sahni remained a committed Marxist with ‘Das Kapital’ as his reference point rather than the communist ideaology. Things began to improve in his filmy career as soon as the tag of ‘communist’ against his name was obliterated. Despite film offers coming to him on a regular basis, he could do only few films as he selected mostly socially oriented films – like the role of unemployed and sickly Raj in ‘Hum Log’ (1951), the rickshaw puller, Shambhu Maheto in ‘Do Bigha Zameen’ (1953), the compassionate manager of an orphanage in ‘Seema’ (1955), the idealistic poet, Shrikant in ‘Sone Ki Chidiya’ (1958), a loving elder brother in ‘Chhoti Bahen’ (1959), a committed village doctor in ‘Anuradha’ (1960), a migrant Afghani, Abdul Rehman Khan in ‘Kabuliwala’ (1961) etc. However, as he advanced in age, he started getting the character actor’s roles during which time, he mostly worked in the mainstream Hindi films.

Sometime in 1950, Chetan Anand, the head of Navketan Films, invited Balraj Sahni to write screen-play and dialogues for ‘Baazi’ (1951) which he gladly accepted because it suited to his temperament as a writer. Guru Dutt, the director wanted to start the shooting of the film even before the script was ready. Balraj Sahni made it very clear to him that he would part with screen-play and dialogues only when it is complete in all respect. It was only when he gave the screen-play and dialogues duly bound, the shooting of the film commenced. Though ‘Baazi’ (1951) was a big hit on the box office, Balraj Sahni did not draw any benefit or pleasure from it as his screen-play and dialogues were changed without his consent as was the practice by most of the directors. So, he gave up the idea of taking up the assignment of screen-play writing any more. He also directed ‘Laal Batti’ (1957), the only film as a director during his filmy career. He also worked in some Punjabi films.

By the end of 1950s, Balraj Sahni had adjusted to the unorganized way of working in Bollywood. He was once called for shooting in the morning and he was sitting in the studio throughout the day without being called for a single shot. From then onwards, he decided to carry his typewriter for shooting so that he could use his free time for writing articles and short stories for the magazines. While working in Shanti Niketan in the late 30s, Balraj Sahni was advised by Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore that he should write articles and stories in Punjabi as a writer can effectively express his thoughts in his own mother tongue. Balraj Sahni took his advice seriously and learnt afresh writing in Gurumukhi.

Balraj Sahni major break through as an actor was in a neo-realistic film, ‘Dharti Ke Laal’ (1946). It was just a co-incident that his last film ‘Garam Hawa’ (1973) also happened to be a neo-realistic film. His son, Parikshit Sahni had said in an interview that the film had perfect pathos in almost every scene and dialogues delivered by his father.

And why not? If one sees the events happening in the film in a broader manner, Balraj Sahni had actually experienced them in reality. Towards the end of the film, he lost his young daughter Amina who commits suicide following her bad marriage. This had actually happened to Balraj Sahni about one year before the film’s shooting was completed. His daughter, Shabnam by his first marriage had returned to him after a divorce and died young due to a brain hemorrhage. All the pains in losing his daughter was reflected on his face in the film.

On his 60th birthday, Balraj Sahni was to make an announcement to leave the film industry and settled down in Punjab to devote rest of his life to the literature. For this, he had bought a cottage in Punjab which was being refurbished. But God wished differently. Just before a month of his 60th birthday and a day after completion of his dubbing for ‘Garam Hawa’ (1973), Balraj Sahni died of heart-attack on April 13, 1973. At the Juhu Crematorium, besides close family members, friends and film paternity, there was a large crowd of hotels workers, fishermen and others from the Juhu village whom he had financially helped to improve their living conditions.

Bhisham Sahni, Balraj Sahni’s younger brother and a renown theatre personality (remember his T V Serial, ‘Tamas’, 1988) has talked about his elder brother’s deep and abiding love for his family. He said that the scene from ‘Waqt’ (1965) in which Balraj Sahni sings ae meri zohra-zabeen, showering his love for his wife is the exact reflections of his exuberating nature which many have witnessed in his house. Sometime in mid-1960s, Balraj Sahni constructed his bungalow at Juhu mainly to accommodate his entire family under one roof and for the visiting relatives and friends.

Balraj Sahni had jokingly said in his autobiography that he got more chance to do romance with the heroines of the films when he did character actor’s roles than as a hero. One of the films in which as a hero, he romanced with Geeta Bali was ‘Sapan Suhaane’ (1961). The film was produced under the banner of K R Films which was directed by Kidar Kapoor. The star cast included Balraj Sahni, Geeta Bali, Kamini Kadam, Chandrashekhar, Helen, K N Singh, Leela Mishra, Bhagwan Dada, Praveen Paul, Keshav Rana, Tun Tun, Ram Mohan etc.

Four songs (out of 7) have been covered in the Blog. I am presenting the 5th song, ‘o gori aaja gaddi vich baith jaa’ from ‘Sapan Suhaane’ (1961). The song is rendered by Manna Dey and Lata Mangeshkar for Balraj Sahni and Geeta Bali. The song is written by Shailendra which is set to music by Salil Chaudhuri.

Acknowledgement:

Much of the information for this article has been drawn from:

1. ‘Meri Filmy Aatmkatha’ by Balraj Sahni (1974).

2. Balraj – My Brother by Bhisham Sahni (1981).

3. Two Brothers – Balraj and Bhisham Sahni – Some experience in IPTA by Kalpana Sahni.

Video Clip:

Audio Clip:

Song-O gori aaja gaddi vich baithh jaa (Sapan Suhaane)(1961) Singers-Manna Dey, Lata, Lyrics-Shailendra, MD-Salil Chaudhary

Lyrics

o…o gori aaja gaddi vich baithh jaa
jaao ji koi kya kahega
o….o gori aaja gaddi vich baith jaa
jaao ji koi kya kahega

tu jaise phoolon waali daali..ee
goriye tu to hai naazon ki paali
gora rang jal jaaye na
na to main phoolon waali daali..ee
chhaliye na main hoon naazon ki paali
tu kisi aur ko bana

khadi tarsaaye main ko aaja aa aa
karoon kya jiya kahe na aa aa aaa
o…o gori aaja gaddi vich baith jaa
jaao ji koi kya kahega
o…o gori aaja gaddi vich baith jaa
jaao ji koi kya kahega

ye raahen meri anjaani..ee
nigaahon mein hai bachpan ki naadaani
mera dil kho jaaye na

ye raahen maana hai anjaani…ee
tere sang main jo hoon meri pahchaani
ye saathi chhod jaaye na ae ae
kahenge kya ye duniya waale ae ae
na dekho din mein sapna aa aa aa aaa

o…o gori aaja gaddi vich baith jaa
jaao ji koi kya kahega
o…o gori aaja gaddi vich baith jaa
jaao ji koi kya kahega

kah do doli leke aaun
bana ke dulhan tujhko ghar le jaaun
agar tu dil se kahe haan
agar tum doli leke aao…o
bitha ke palkon mein mujhko le jaao
mera dil kahe chaahe na

bhula mat dena apna waada aa aa
sanam ne kar to diya haan….. aan
o…o gori aaja gaddi vich baith jaa
jaao ji koi kya kahega
o…o gori aaja gaddi vich baith jaa
jaao ji koi kya kahega


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4314 Post No. : 15593 Movie Count :

4293

—————————————–
Hindi songs in Bangla Films: 27
—————————————–

One of the many Bangla films in which Uttam Kumar paired with Supriya Devi was ‘Bilambita Loy’ (1970). The film was directed by Agragami. The star cast included Uttam Kumar, Supriya Devi, Nirmal Kumar, Deepa Chatterjee, Asit Baran, Tarun Kumar, Bimal Mitra etc. I have watched the film with English sub-titles on an OTT platform.  The film’s English sub-titles are not as good as they ought to be. They are also not properly synchronized with the scenes. Within these limitations, I could make out the story of the film as under:

Mriganka (Uttam Kumar), an upcoming painter, falls in love with Aditi (Supriya Devi), the singer during their college days. After the completion of college, they decide to get married. Aditi belongs to Christian family with a good financial status in the society whereas Mriganka belongs to an orthodox Hindu middle class family. There is opposition from both the families due to different religious and social status. Both of them get married against the wishes of their respective family. However, Aditi’s father gives some initial financial support to set up the house and also send with them Judith (Deepa Chatterjee), an orphan who has been staying with Aditi’s family since childhood, to support the newly married couple in household work.

With the help of the initial financial support from Aditi’s father, Mriganka gets a large house at a very high rent. He also furnishes the house by buying costly furniture and fixtures. In a short period of their marriage, Mriganka has spent all the money his father-in-law has given to his daughter. He has no income as he is yet to establish himself as a painter of repute. Hence his paintings remain unsold in the exhibitions. Soon, there is a financial crisis for the newly married couple.

Both Mriganka and Aditi meet their common friend Subroto (Nirmal Kumar) to get his guidance as to how to come out of their financial mess. Based on his advice, they move to a smaller house to reduce the rent outgo. Aditi who has been trained in Hindustani classical music decides to take singing as a career and becomes the radio singer. She earns her fees but not enough to run the house. Mriganka is not able to sell his paintings. So, Subroto helps him getting a job in the office. However, being a painter at heart, office work does not interest him. Within short time, he leaves the office job.

In the meanwhile, Aditi has become a famous singer. The gramophone records of her songs are sold like hot cake. She becomes very busy in her singing assignments. She has now become a celebrity. Both are now comfortable on their financial front. However, Mriganka is not able to sell any of his paintings despite getting favourable critical reviews of his paintings. He is not prepared to compromise on the subject of his paintings by which the art lovers can be enticed. Out of frustration, there is constant frictions between Mriganka and Aditi on trivial issues. Mriganka who has been a teetotaler and a non-smoker becomes an alcoholic.  The matter reaches a stage when Aditi misunderstands Mriganka in the company of a female model in her house as a muse for his painting. In the background of intense arguments, Mriganka decides to leave the house. Eventually, Mriganka and Aditi get divorce.

While Aditi’s singing career is on the upper trajectory, Mriganka’s luck is not in his favour. He decides to try his luck out of India by participating in the painting exhibitions in Europe. Despite having differences with his father, Mariganka was fortunate that at the time of the death, his father has left him   his share of savings which has come handy now to finance his trip to Europe. However, Mriganka returns to India without any success in Europe. His health has already started deteriorating forcing him to give up painting.

One day, while coming out of the church, Judith sees Mriganka walking on the road looking very sick. She takes him to her house and nurses him for few days until he recovers from his ill health. Even after that Judith visits Mriganka’s house daily to take care of his food and other daily routine. This information gets passed on to Aditi when Subroto meets her. She gets upset over the ‘scandalous’ relations between Judith and Mriganka but dismisses this information as of no concern to her.

Mriganka gets married to Judith and he is back to painting due to her encouragement. But at the back of her mind, Judith feels that she is indirectly responsible for the separation of Aditi and Mriganka as she had given a false testimony to the divorce court that she had affairs with Mriganka in order to hasten the divorce proceedings under instructions from him. Judith suffers a miscarriage and she dies in the hospital. Aditi attends the burial of Judith where Mriganka and his friend Subroto are present.

The film ends with a scene in which Aditi and Mriganka come out of the burial ground. He is about to go his way when Aditi stops him. Mriganka crosses the road with the support of Aditi holding his hand.

This film is one more example in Bangla films of ending scene being indeterminate leaving it to the audience to interpret in their own way. The first interpretation could be that it was a mere courtesy to help Mriganka to cross the road and drop him in his house in her car. Another interpretation could be that by supporting him to cross the road by holding his hand, they are united as a couple. The third interpretation which looks more probable to me is that Aditi has decided to extend her emotional support to Mriganka after the death of Judith and they remain friends.

At the outset, I thought that the story of the film is akin to Hindi film ‘Abhimaan’ (1973) in which the husband and wife who are professional singers get separated because of ego clashes. But at the end, there is an emotional reunion between the two.

In my view, in ‘Bilambita Loy’ (1970), there are no explicit ego clashes between their respective professions or between man and woman.  Even if it is there, the director has kept that at the low key. The friction points between Mriganka and Aditi arise because the former is not able to spend much time with the latter as she is quite busy in her professional work. Aditi has problem with Mriganka because he spends money on things which are not priorities like alcohol when his own earnings are not enough to get two meals a day. Neither Mriganka has problem with Aditi’s professional pursuit nor Aditi is concerned about Mriganka not able to earn income.

In the height of their frictions, it is Mriganka who decides to go for divorce to give Aditi the space in her professional pursuit. He also knows that she will not divorce him. So, he creates an impression that he has affairs with Judith to get the divorce faster. In sums, I feel that the director has handled the subject with delicate balance, avoiding the label of a feminist to Aditi and a male chauvinist to Mriganka.

‘Bilambita Loy’ (1970) has 5 songs of which one is in Hindi. The song which I am presenting is “Mann Kahaan Laago Mora Chain Ganwaayi Diyo Re’ which is a duet sung by Manna Dey and Aarti Mukherjee. The song is written by Gulzar which is set to music by Nachiketa Ghosh.

The situation of the song is that after becoming popular singer in Bangla songs, a new music director has taken Aditi for the first time to sing a Hindi song to test it in the market. His idea is that if successful, he wants her to accompany him to Mumbai to make her popular in Hindi songs which will also benefit the music director in pursuing his career in Mumbai. However, with so much happening with her in personal front, Aditi finally declines to move out of Kolkata. In real life also, Supriya Devi, after working in Mumbai for 3 films – Begaana’ (1963), ‘Aap Ki Parchhaayian’ (1964) and ‘Door Gagan Ki Chhaaon Mein’ (1964), she bid farewell to Bollywood. It is said that she refused Raj Kapoor’s offer to her of a role in ‘Mera Naam Joker’ (1970) which eventually went to Simi.

(Video)

(Audio)

Song – Mann Kahaan Laago Mora Chain Gawaai Diyo Re (Bilambita Loy)(Bangla) (1970) Singer – Manna Dey, Aarti Mukherji, Lyrics – Gulzar, MD – Nachiketa Ghosh
Manna Dey + Aarti Mukherji

Lyrics

taap chadhe to
baid bulaayi ke. . .
tan ke rog utaare
arre mann ka rog na jaaye raama
laakh jatan kar haare

 
mann kahaan laago
aiyyo. . .
arre mann kahaan laago
mora chain ganwaayi diyo re
mann kahaan laago
mora chain ganwaayi diyo re
nain laage
bairi naina
nain laage
bairi naina
raat jagaayi diyo re ae
mann kahaan laago
ho o
arre mann kahaan laago  
mora chain ganwaayi diyo re. . .

kehte naina
sunte naina
preet ki andhi do batiyaan
haan
jhooth si kaari
laagi raama
veham se lambi
ye ratiyaan
kaisa rog lagaayi diyo re. . .
o mann kahaan laago
uyi ammaa
arre mann kahaan laago
mora chain ganwaayi diyo re. . .
ae ae ae ae
man kahaan laago
mora chain ganwaayi diyo re
 
kaahe chhalken
bheegi phalken
rote hanste sapanon mein
rog lage hai
jogan jaisi
do sansaari akhiyon mein
kaun ye paath padhaayi gayo re..
mann kahaan laago
haaye
arre mann kahaan laago
mora chain ganwaayi diyo re. . .
ae ae ae ae ae

mann kahaan laago
mora chain ganwaayi diyo re
nain laage
bairi naina
nain laage
bairi naina
raat jagaayi diyo re ae
man kahaan laago
mora chain ganwaayi diyo re
hey ae ae ae ae
man kahaan laago
mora chain ganwaayi diyo re

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

ताप चढ़े तो
बैद बुलाइ के॰ ॰ ॰
तन के रोग उतारे
अरे मन का रोग ना जाये रामा
लाख जतन कर हारे

मन कहाँ लागो
अइओ॰ ॰ ॰
अरे मन कहाँ लागो
मोरा चैन गँवाई दियो रे
मन कहाँ लागो
मोरा चैन गँवाई दियो रे
नैन लागे
बैरी नैना
नैन लागे
बैरी नैना
रात जगाई दियो रे
हो ओ
अरे मन कहाँ लागो
मोरा चैन गँवाई दियो रे॰ ॰ ॰

कहते नैना
सुनते नैना
प्रीत की अंधी दो बतियाँ
हाँ
झूठ सी कारी
लागि रामा
वहम से लंबी
ये रतियाँ
कैसा रोग लगाई दियो रे॰ ॰ ॰
ओ मन कहाँ लागो
ऊई अम्मा
अरे मन कहाँ लागो
मोरा चैन गँवाई दियो रे॰ ॰ ॰
ए ए ए ए
मन कहाँ लागो
मोरा चैन गँवाई दियो रे

काहे छलकें
भीगी पलकें
रोते हँसते सपनों में
रोग लगे है
जोगन जैसी
दो संसारी अखियों में
कौन ये पाठ पढ़ाई गयो रे॰ ॰ ॰
मन कहाँ लागो
हाए
अरे मन कहाँ लागो
मोरा चैन गँवाई दियो रे॰ ॰ ॰
ए ए ए ए ए

मन कहाँ लागो
मोरा चैन गँवाई दियो रे
नैन लागे
बैरी नैना
नैन लागे
बैरी नैना
रात जगाई दियो रे
मन कहाँ लागो
मोरा चैन गँवाई दियो रे
हे ए ए ए ए ए
मन कहाँ लागो
मोरा चैन गँवाई दियो रे


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4305 Post No. : 15576

Imagine, a tall and lanky young man from India, trained to be a wrestler, and a state level sportsman from Bengal, appearing in the Indian contingent at the Olympics in 1936 / 1940 / 1944. Unfortunately (or maybe fortunately) the Olympics of 1940 and 1944 were cancelled due to the ongoing World War II. Had there been peace in the world during those years, maybe the course of history of the Hindi film music may have been different.

Well OK, the previous paragraph is quite speculative. But yes, the fact is that in his younger years, PC Dey was much more inclined towards body building and wrestling. Trained by one Gorobabu, a pehalwan of repute in Bengal, he represented his institution, Vidyasagar College of Calcutta (now Kolkata) at the state level championships and reached the finals in his category. Never mind that his uncle, the renowned KC Dey, would continue to press him to take his music training more seriously. But that was not to be so. Well, for some time at least.

The young Prabodh Chandra developed weakness in his eyesight, which became a handicap in continuing his proposed career as a wrestler. Getting into the wrestling ring with eyeglasses was never a good option. And so, this vision problem coupled with the second World War eventually decided the career path for this young man. And that, to the greater gain and benefit for the music lovers of this country.

Remembering Manna Dey, the stalwart singer of Indian film industry, on the 101st anniversary of his birth today. Born in 1919, we celebrate it today in 2020.

His uncle, KC Dey would goad him, guide him and train him with a vision to for Manna Da to become one of the top singers in the country. In 1942, KC Dey was preparing music for the film ‘Tamanna’. He called upon his nephew to sing a duet with Suraiya – “Jaago Aayee Usha. . .”. With this song, the film career of Manna Dey was launched.

A little time later, Vijay Bhatt and Shankar Rao Vyas approached KC Dey to request him for playback singing in their upcoming film – ‘Ram Rajya’ (1943). Understandably, KC Dey declined the offer, since he would never give playback to any other actor. Providence would have it that the young Manna was also in the room at that time. Vijay Bhatt then directed his attention to the nephew singer. The consent was given and the agreement was in place. Manna Dey would sing for Shankar Rao Vyas in this upcoming film. The song “Tyagmayi Tu Gayi. . .” is the first solo song recorded by Manna Da.

More recordings followed. And then we come to 1950, and the film ‘Mashaal’. The song is “Upar Gagan Vishal“. Manna Dey, and his voice have arrived on to the Hindi film stage.

But then, yes, there is more to his voice than just the film songs. There is a wonderful set of non-film songs that he has recorded during his career. I bring to attention this endearingly beautiful piece, that is written by Madhukar Rajasthani. The music composition is by Manna Da himself. A wondrous song of the first tryst between the lovers. So less words, so short and sweet. And yet, the entire saga of that encounter is ensconced in this brief song of two antaraas. A small pearl from the nose pin of the damsel, gets loose and is lost. And the poet says,

kajraari akhiyaan
reh gayin roti re. . .

Beautiful, simply delightful – that is the softness of this singing voice. Manna Dey – at 101.


Song – Sajni. . . Nathli Se Toota Moti Re (Manna Dey – NFS) (1982) Singer – Manna Dey, Lyrics – Madhukar Rajasthani, MD – Manna Dey

Lyrics

sajni..ee

sajni..ee

nathli se toota moti re
nathli se toota moti re
kajraari akhiyaan
reh gayin roti re
kajraari akhiyaan
reh gayin roti re
nathli se toota moti re
sajni..ee
nathli se toota moti re

roop ki agiya
ang mein laagi
ang mein laagi
kaise chhupaa..aaye
laaj abhaagi
laaj abhaagi
manwa. . .
kehta. . .
bhor kabhi na hoti re
kajraari akhiyaan
reh gayin roti re
nathli se toota moti re

bholi dulhaniya
palken jhukaaye
palken jhukaaye
ghunghatwa mein
sehme lajaaye
sehme lajaaye
balmaa..aa
padhaaye
preet ki pehli pothi re
kajraari akhiyaan
reh gayin roti re
nathli se toota moti re

——————————————–
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————

सजनी॰॰ई

सजनी॰॰ई

नथली से टूटा मोती रे
नथली से टूटा मोती रे
कजरारी अखियाँ
रह गईं रोती रे
कजरारी अखियाँ
रह गईं रोती रे
नथली से टूटा मोती रे
सजनी॰॰ई
नथली से टूटा मोती रे

रूप की अगिया
अंग में लागि
अंग में लागि
कैसे छुपा॰॰आए
लाज अभागी
लाज अभागी
मनवा॰ ॰ ॰
कहता॰ ॰ ॰
भोर कभी ना होती रे
कजरारी अखियाँ
रह गईं रोती रे
नथली से टूटा मोती रे

भोली दुलहनीया
पलकें झुकाये
पलकें झुकाये
घूंघटवा में॰ ॰ ॰
सहमे लजाये
सहमे लजाये
बलमा॰॰आ
पढ़ाये
प्रीत की पहली पोथी रे
कजरारी अखियाँ
रह गईं रोती रे
नथली से टूटा मोती रे


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4305 Post No. : 15573 Movie Count :

4287

—————————————–
Hindi songs in Bangla Films: 26
—————————————-

Mumbai has been the leading Hindi film production centre in India ever since Dadasaheb Phalke produced the first silent film ‘Raja Harishchandra’ in 1913. After the release of India’s first talkie ‘Alam Ara’ in 1931, many more film production companies were set up in Mumbai, some of them owning the studios. The outdoor shootings, if any, in the initial stages of talkie films were done mostly in around Mumbai. It was quite natural that stories of some Hindi films would have Mumbai as the background portraying the many facets of the city. Obviously, in such films, there would be scenes from Mumbai and possibly one ‘Bombay-centric’ song.

The earliest Hindi film in which I found a song with Bombay (now Mumbai) as the theme is Bambai Ko Chalo Bambai Ko from ‘Kirti’ (1942) written by Pandit Phani. The song talks about Boribunder station (now Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus), dhuen waali ghaadi (steam engine train), Bambai Ki Sethani, Kalkate ke babu, Marwaad ki rani, Kashi ke sadhu etc. In short, the song gives a glimpse of cosmopolitan character of Mumbai.

In the 1950s, there were two songs which, I feel, are quintessential of Mumbai even now. The first is, Ae Dil Hai Mushkil Jeena Yahaan Ye Hai Bombay Meri Jaan from ‘CID’ (1956) written by Majrooh Sultanpuri. At the outset, song would appear to be a fun song. But a closer look at the lyrics of the song would reveal that behind the fun, there is sarcasm. For example:

kahin building kahin traame, kahin motor, kahin mill
miltaa hai yahaan sab kuchh ik miltaa nahin dil
insaan kaa nahin kahin naam-o-nishaan

[Everything is available in Mumbai except love and humanity.]

Another example of sarcasm in the song:

kahin satta, kahin patta, kahin chori kahin race
kahin daaka, kahin faaka, kahin thokar, kahin thes
bekaaron ke hain kayi kaam yahaan

[There are many works available like gambling, pick-pocketing, burglary, horse racing etc. There is no dearth of employment for unemployed.]

But at the end, the song turns from the sarcasm to the theory of ‘karma’:

buraa duniyaa jo hai kahtaa aisaa bholaa tu na ban
jo hai kartaa wo hai bhartaa ye yahaan kaa hai chalan
dadagiri nahin milne ki yahaan

[By telling that the world is bad, one does not become good. Here, the motto is that one who works get the fruits of his work. Bullying will not fetch anything.]

The second song of 1950s I am referring to is about the flight of the homeless in Mumbai. The song does not have specific reference to Mumbai in its lyrics but the word ‘Boribunder’ in the lyrics is the indication as to which city the song is referring to. It is an iconic song, Cheen O Arab Hamaara Hindustan Hamaara from ‘Phir Subah Hogi’ (1958) which was written by Sahir Ludhianvi. Just three lines from the song sums of the problems of homeless in Mumbai in a sarcastic way:

rehne ko ghar nahin hai
saaraa jahaan hamaara
Hindustan hamaara

There are also songs like Jiska Joota Usi Ka Sar, Dil Hai Chhota Bada Shahar, Wah Re Wah Re Teri Bambai from ‘Guest House’ (1959) written by Prem Dhawan and Ye Bambai Shahar Ka Bada Naam Hai from ‘Kya Ye Bombay Hai’ (1959) written by Noor Devasi. Both the songs describe the life in Mumbai from different perspectives. Then there is a fun song, Ye Haseen Bambai Apne Ko To Jam Gayi from ‘Holiday in Bombay’ (1963) written by Anjaan and “Bambai Hamaari Bambai Ye Rajdulaari Bambai” from ‘Street Singer’ (1966) written by Hasrat Jaipuri.

As we come to 1970s, with the exponential growth of Mumbai as a business and commercial hub of India, Mumbai became one of the major preferred cities for migrant workers. The problems faced by migrants in Mumbai has been beautifully expressed in the song Seene Mein Jalan Aankhon Mein Toofaan Sa Kyon Hai from ‘Gaman’ (1978) written by Shahryar. The problem of finding homes for the middle class people in Mumbai who spent their bachelorhood in staying as paying guests is depicted in the song Do Deewaane Shahar Mein, Raat Mein Ya Dophar Mein, Aab O Daana Dhoondhte Hain Ek Aashiyaanaa Dhoondhte Hain from ‘Gharoanda’ (1977), written by Gulzar.

There are other ‘Bombay-centric’ songs in Hindi films which are mostly fun songs. One of the popular songs under this category is Ee Hai Bambai Nagariya Tu Dekh Babuaa from ‘Don’ (1978) written by Anjaan. I have not checked much about the songs on Mumbai in the 1980s and thereafter. But one song whose lyrics stand true to most of the migrants to Mumbai including those who came here to fulfil their dream of becoming artist in Hindi films is from an ‘off the mainstream’ film ‘Sankat City’ (2009). The apt song is “Mumbai One-Way Nagari Hai”.

All the ‘Bombay-centric’ songs I have enumerated above are from Hindi films. It was a pleasant surprise for me when I found one such Hindi song in Bangla film ‘Dui Bechaara’ (1960). The ‘Bombay’ song is “Karo Na Phere Gali Ke Mere Hanso Na Bolo Ji” sung by Geeta Dutt and Manna Dey. The song is written by Gulzar which is set to music by Bhupen Hazarika.

The film is not available for viewing. So it is difficult to visualise the situation of the song in the film. Probably, it could well be a stage song.

Audio Clip:

Song – Karo Na Phere Gali Ke Mere Hato Na Bolo Jee (Dui Bechaare) (Bangla) (1960) Singers – Geeta Dutt, Manna Dey, Lyrics – Gulzar, MD – Bhupen Hazarika
Both

Lyrics

karo na phere gali ke mere
hato na bolo ji
haay
jigar jalaa ke nazar churaa ke
kahaan chale ho ji

arre karo na phere gali ke mere
hato na bolo ji
aji jigar jalaa ke nazar churaa ke
kahaan chale ho ji

bahaane lagaaye toone
dekhi na Bambai teri
bahaane lagaaye toone
dekhi na Bambai teri
bura hai bigadna hamse
chalo aise roothho na
chalo dikhaa doon tumhen ghumaa doon
badaa shahar Bambai

puraana hai Boribunder
adda chor uchakkon kaa
puraana hai Boribundar
adda chor uchakkon kaa

badaa naam chori chakkar
rela dhool aur dhakkon kaa
badaa naam chori chakkar
rela dhool aur dhakkon kaa
aji chalo dikhaa doon
tumhen ghumaa doon
badaa shahar Bambai

o o o
anokhe tamaashe iske
kaisi ye Bambai teri
chalo dikhaa doon
tumhen ghumaa doon
badaa shahar Bambai

kinaare pe chaupati ke filmy pariyaan ghoomen
kinaare pe chaupati ke filmy pariyaan ghoomen
kahaan ko chale tum itni pahan ke oonchi patloonen
kahaan ko chale tum itni pahan ke oonchi patloonen
aji chalo dikhaa doon
tumhen ghumaa doon
badaa shahar Bambai

o o o o
anokhe tamaashe iske
kaisi ye Bambai teri
chalo dikhaa doon
tumhen ghumaa doon
badaa shahar Bambai

sharam bhi yahaan sharmaaye phere maari maari
sharam bhi yahaan sharmaaye phere maari maari

samundar mein dooben jaake maari baari baari
samundar mein dooben jaake maari baari baari
chalo main haari nakal hai saari
ajab shahar Bambai
ajji kaha thhaa hamne suna na tumne
chalo chhodo Bambai

chalo chalo chhodo Bambai
chalo chalo chhodo Bambai
chalo chalo chhodo Bambai


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4305 Post No. : 15572 Movie Count :

4286

“Gopichand”(1958) was produced by Ishwarlal and Prabhudas K Tanna and directed by Ishwarlal for Vasundhara Chitra, Bombay. This mythological movie had Shahu Modak, Shyama, B M Vyas, Prem Adib, Paro, Sundar, Malay Sarkar, Kesari, Salvi, Durga Khote etc in it.

This obscure movie had eight obscure songs in it.

Today (1 may 2020) is the 101st birth anniversary of Manna Dey (1 May 1919 – 24 October 2013). On this occasion, here is a song from “Gopichand”(1958). This song is sung by Manna Dey. Bharat Vyas is the lyricist. Music is composed by Avinash Vyas.

Only the audio of this philosophical song is available. Seeing that Manna Dey was the only male playback singer in this movie, he may have sung this song for the main actor of the movie, namely Shahu Modak.

I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the movie as well as on the picturisation of this song.

Listening to this philosophical song has calming infuence on the senses. It is just the kind of song that one would like to listen to in view of the recent bereavements in the film industry.

With this song, “Gopichand”(1958) makes its debut in the blog.


Song-Teri duniya maati ki re (Gopichand)(1958) Singer-Manna Dey, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-Avinash Vyas

Lyrics

o o
teri duniya maati ki re ae
teri duniya maati ki re
maati ki ye kaaya
tu hi jaane alakh niranjan
is maati ki maaya re ae
is maati ki maaya
alakh niranjan
alakh niranjan
alakh niranjan

o jagat baagh ke maali ee ee ee
o jagat baagh ke maali
tu kare sabki rakhwaali
phir kaahe ujad ke
kul se bichhad ke
roye re tu nidaali ee ee ee

khile phool murjhaaye ae ae
khile phool murjhaaye
ye kyun bina khile murjhaaya aa
bina khile murjhaaya
tu hi jaane alakh niranjan
is maati ki maaya re
is maati ki maaya
teri duniya maati ki re ae
alakh niranjan
alakh niranjan

tu hi sabka paalanhaara
tu hi praan ka daata aa aa
ham sab hain santaan teri
tu parampita kehlaata aa
tu hai paalak
ye hai baalak
tu hai paalak
ye hai baalak
tu jyoti ye chhaaya
tu hi jaane alakh niranjan
is maati ki maaya re
is maati ki maaya
teri duniya maati ki re ae ae
teri duniya maati ki re
maati ki ye kaaya
tu hi jaane alakh niranjan
is maati ki maaya re
is maati ki maaya
teri duniya maati ki re


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4302 Post No. : 15566

Today’s song is from film Ram Vivah-49. This is a duet song by Manna Dey and Geeta Roy. This is the first ever duet of these singers, in their career.

Geeta, who debuted via a chorus song in 1946, won some fame with her songs in film Do Bhai-47, with music by S D Burman. However till about 1950 or so, she was still struggling to make a place in the film line. She had to compete with singers like Lata and Asha as well as Shamshad, Amirbai and Zohrabai too. Manna Dey was an occasional singer, struggling very hard to get established as either a singer or a Music Director. Good sense prevailed and he realised that singing was his forte and he concentrated on it,later. He is one of my favourite singers, who had all the merit and talent, but not a strong Luck ! He became a preferred singer for composers, whenever a Bhajan, religious song or a high pitched song was to be sung.

Film Ram Vivah-49 was was produced by Prem Adib Productions and it was the only film directed by him ever. This film came after the eminently flop film Raambaan-48, made by Prakash pictures. Actually, it was Prakash pictures who had earlier made two very successful film on Ramayan stories, namely Bharat Bhet-42 and Ramrajya-43. Enthused with the success of these two films, Prakash decided to complete Triology with one more film on Ram and Seeta. They waited for 5 years and then made Raambaan-48. The glaring mistake they made was in the film story. The first two films were largely true to the original Valmiki Ramayan. While making Raambaan, they employed their story department authors-Mohan lal Dave and Pt.Girish. They messed up with the story and made it into a poor and distorted version of Ramkatha. This caused the failure of film Raambaan-48.

Learning a lesson from this, Prem Adib stuck to the original Valmiki Ramayan. In fact the Credits show Valmiki’s name for ‘ Story ‘. Additionally, the cast consisted of almost same team with Prem Adib, Shobhana Samarth, Jeevan, Umakant, Shanta Kumari and others. Music director was Shankar rao Vyas and Lyricist was Moti, B.A. (actually he was an M.A.).

The lead pair of Prem Adib and Shobhana Samarth had become extremely popular all over the country as Ram and Seeta, after their two films Bharat Milap and Ram Rajya. These two actors came together first time in film Industrial India-1938. After this they worked in 11 more films plus one more film Ramayan-54, which was concocted by joining parts of 3 films made by Prakash Pictures on Ram and Seeta. After film Rambaan-48, Prakash films focused on social and musical films and made memorable films like Baiju Bawra-52 and Gunj Uthi Shehnai-59.

The stories of Rama and offshoots of Ramayana have always inspired film makers. Mahabharat too did the same. In Hindi language alone, films on Rama stories are around 25 ( not counting obvious other films like Ram aur Shyam, Ram Lakhan or Ram Balram etc.). Practically, in every Indian language and dialects, Nepalese and Sinhalese Ram films are made. However, the kind of fame,popularity and the Box office returns, Film Ram Rajya-43 earned is beyond imagination. Calendars from 1944 to 1950 featured Shobhana and Prem as Ram and Seeta. Wherever these stars went they were mobbed and people used to touch their feet, as Ram and Seeta.

Ramayan and Mahabharata are the two major Religious Epics for Indians. Ramayana has been popular and wide spread all over the Eastern World. There are in all 300 versions of Ramayana. These include the original Valmiki Ramayan and few other major Indian language Versions like Kamban’s Ramavataram in Tamil and Rangnathan’s Ramayana in Telugu. Then there is Ramayan Manjiri in NE and Bengal version. There is a Jain version too.Besides Ramayana in every Indian language and many dialects with scripts, there are Ramayana Versions in Burma, Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos, Phillipines, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Thialand, Malaysia, Japan, Mongolia, Vietnam and China. All these versions total upto 300 in number.

Actor Umakant played the role of Laxman even in this film. In all he played this role in 7 films. Similarly, actor Jeevan, who first time played the role of Narad in Bharat Milap-42, played Narad in almost 100 films in his career ( it was like Jagdish Raj playing role of Police Inspector or Iftekhar playing Police Commissioner or Murad playing a court Judge in Hindi films).

In my last post (on film Bharat Milap-42), I had mentioned about difficulty in getting information on practically unknown actors.This is a major problem for people ,like me, who are students of vintage films and its people. Another big problem is “same name confusion”, caused by artistes having similar sounding names . In early cinema era as we all know, most artistes came form lower strata of society as members of respectable families were not ready to join this ‘ lowly’ film line. This applied mostly for women folk. Among these families of Tawayafs and singers, there were limited names recycled. Some examples are Noorjehan, Khursheed, Zubeida, Shehzadi, Naseem etc etc. This caused problems and confusions. This problems was also among Male artistes at a lesser rate. Names like Asit Sen, N Datta, Rajkumar, Shyam etc are some examples. It was not restricted to Muslim artistes only. There are examples like Nalini, Leela, Ranjana, Rajkumari etc . I would say the ratio was 60:40 for females and Males.

At one given time, there were as many as 8 to 10 Nalinis working in films. Similarly there were several Shantas in films. Few examples are Shanta Apte, Shanta Hublikar, Shanta Mujumdar, Shanta kumari (stuntwali), Shanta kumari (Socialwali),Shanta Patel etc. Luckily, there was no Same name confusion, as these Shantas were using their surnames. Shanta Mujumdar acted only in Prabhat bilingual films. She later married writer Pt. Mukhram Sharma. Shanta kumari and Shanta Patel were stunt actresses. Socialwali Shanta kumari stopped working in 1936…before stuntwali came in. Socialwali married and became Shanta Kothari and worked in 3 films with this name.

Today, we will know more about Shanta Kothari (nee Shanta kumari), who acted as Kaushalya in 3 films after marriage. She is one of those artistes about whom information had to be culled from multiple sources, with great efforts. She was born in 1904 in a large family. Her father Motilal was Principal of a college, but mother was a Tawayef. She studied in English medium. After father’s death, her mother started teaching her dancing and singing. Soon she was singing for customers.

She was very beautiful looking. She entered film line at the age of 16 years, i.e. in 1920. She acted in Silent films made by various companies like Sharada, Great Eastern,Ranjit, kohinoor, Shri krishna film co and krishnatone etc.Some of her silent films were, Kala pahad-27, with master Vithal, Bhai ya kasai-28,Pilgrims of Love-29, Kumud Kumari-29, Prince Charming-30 with E.Billimoria and Castles in the air-30. Other films were Loves of Mughal Prince, Drums of Love, Pyari Jogan, Pardesi Sainya, Prem yatra, Rasili Radha, Maujeli Mashuqa, Shaikh Chilli etc etc. In 1930 she went to Calcutta and worked in film Shrikant also.

Due to her good looks, dancing and singing skills,she effortlessly entered Talkie film era. Her first talkie was krishn Cinetone’s Heer Ranjha-31. It was followed by Chintamani-31,Krishnavatar-32, Lanka Dahan-33, Hatim Tai-1-33, Simhasan-34, Sant Tulsidas-34, Kashmeera-34, Aaj kal-34, Bal hatya and Prem yatri-36. She sang on A.I.R. Bombay frequently. In film Sant Tulsidas, she sang equally with a stalwart like G.N.Joshi, with ease. She sang 21 songs in 8 films in her career.

She took a break from films and she got married to Sound Recordist Kothari. She became Shanta Shantaram Kothari after marriage.In 1941, when film Bharat Milap was being planned, Prakash Pictures requested and she worked in that film as well as Ramrajya-43 in the role of Kaushalya. After 5 years when Prem Adib requested, she again worked in film Ram Vivah-49. However, she stopped films after that.

I could not get further information about her after this period, but we have all information about her film career. (For information used here, I thank Isuru Udayanga Kariyavasam, V.S.Nigam’s article on http://www.medium.com, books- Beete kal ke sitare-S.Tamrakar, Early Hindustani talkies-P.Kamalakar, muVyz.com, CITWF, HFGK and my notes)

The Music Director of film Ram Vivah-49 was Shankar Rao Vyas. After the success of films ‘ Narsi Bhagat-40’ and ‘ Bharata Milap-42’, Vyas rode on the Pinnacle of his career with the popularity of Ramrajya songs. Vyas was a very hard working person. Once while recording songs of film ‘ Vikramaditya’-45, he needed Echo effect in the song ‘ Om Jai Jai Shankar’. In those days, the recording studios were not equipped with such facilities. Vyas searched and found out a Temple having a big Dome in the obscure suburb Jogeshwari in Bombay and recorded this song in that Temple at 2 am in the midnight when it was very quiet !

Ramrajya-43 was the most successful musical film of that era. When Prakash Pictures planned to produce Ramrajya again in 1967, the MD was Vasant Desai. Before recording film’s first song Desai garlanded the photo of Shankar Rao Vyas and then only started the work, seeking his Blessings. Ramrajya had also the distinction of being the only film in the world which Mahatma Gandhi saw in his life. It is said that he was pleased with its songs very much.

Prof. Shankarrao Vyas (1898-1956) was born in Kolhapur on 23-1-1898. His father Ganeshpant was a well known Keertankar and Puranik! So, he was brought up in the religious and musical environment. Unfortunately, Ganeshpant died when Shankar was seven years old. His paternal uncle brought him up for few years. His maternal uncle (Mama) noticed his inclination towards music and enrolled him in the ‘gurukul’ of Maharaj (Pandit) Vishnu Digambar Paluskar.

In those days, students had to sign a bond with the Gandharva Mahavidyalaya. Training period would last 8-10 years and the student would become all-rounder in every field related to music. Thus, Shankar Rao spent nine years in this gurukul, earned ‘Sangeet Pravin’ degree and gold medal for overall development. With the suggestion of guruji, he worked in Lahore vidyalaya for few years.
In 1931, he moved to Ahmadabad for establishing branch of Gandharva Mahavidyalaya. He was an expert not only in vocal music, but could play and repair many instruments including sitar, jaltarang and mendolin. He would conduct orchestra consisting of Indian and western instruments. He was also a very good composer and wrote several bandishes. He was the key person in planning music section of national (Rashtriya) schools: an idea originated by Gandhiji in Ahmadabad.

In 1935, he left Ahmadabad and settled in Bombay. He founded school for music education at Dadar, just outside the western railway station. ‘Vyas Sangeet Vidyalaya’. It is still functioning at this place. His brother Narayanrao Vyas and brother in law Vasantrao Rajopadhye also joined him in this noble cause. Around 1930/31, HMV Company invited both Vyas brothers for recordings and they cut over 200 songs (100 discs) until about 1938. He also cut few orchestral records under ‘Vyas Brothers’ banner playing pure classical ragas. These records were best sellers and company had printed their photographs on record catalogues.

This period was also the beginning of talkie films. Shankar Rao composed music for Hindi (35), Marathi (5), and Gujrathi (3) films from 1937-1955. His first film as a composer was ‘ His Highness’ -37 and the last was ‘ Baal Ramayan’ -released in 56. He also composed background music for fifteen films. Most of his films were based on religious or mythological themes. He also taught music to non-singing actors such as Sardar Akhtar and Shirin Bano. His most famous musical films were – Narsi Bhagat (1940), Bharat Bhet (1941), Ram Rajya (1943, in Hindi and Marathi). Saraswati Rane sung ‘Beena madhur madhur kachu bol’ in raga Bhimpalas in Hindi film ‘Ram Rajya’ and this song became popular throughout India. This was the only film that Gandhji watched in cinema hall and was much impressed with the music. Songs from Marathi version of ‘Ram Rajya’ viz. ‘Sujanho parisa ramkatha’ and ‘Ladkya raanila lagale dohale’ are shown on TV even today.

He was very busy in many fields as a composer, Principal of his music school, author of articles and bandishes, President of Gandharva Mahavidyalaya and founder editor of ‘Sangeet Kala Vihar’ magazine (founded in 1947) of Vidyalaya that is published even today. He passed away at Ahmadabad on 17-12- 1956. He has sung couple of abhangs of Saint Tukaram. These are available on HMV records. Record P 13454 published in 1931 has a sweet abhang – ‘Roopi guntale lochan, charani sthiravale mana’.

Today’s song indicates that Shankarrao Vyas tried hard to be with the changing tastes of his audience. The song has a faster tune and music.


Song-Dhanya Dhanya hai Avadhpuri (Raam Vivaah)(1949) Singers-Geeta Dutt, Manna Dey, Lyricist- Moti B A, MD- Shankarrao Vyas
Both

Lyrics

Dhanya dhanya hai avadhpuri
Dhanya wahaan ki phulwaari
Jahaan Raam ne janam liya hai
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari ee
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari

Avadhpuri ke uttar dish
Saryu ki dhaara behti hai
Raaja Dashrath raaj karen aur
Praja chain se rehti hai ae
Praja chain se rehti hai

Ann dhan se bharpoor Ayodhya
Teen lok se hai nyaari

Jahaan Raam ne janm liya hai
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari

Chham chham karti chali kaamini
Hai solah singaar kiye
Aankhon mein sansaar liye
Haathon mein sundar haar liye
Satvanti hain sabhi naariyaan
Sat par apne balihaari

Jahaan Raam ne janm liya hai
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari

Raam Lakhan aur Bharat
Shatrughan
Chaar ratn hain raaja ke
Jinmein sabse bade raam hain
Pran piyaare parja ke ae
Pran piyaare parja ke
Raam liye dhanu-baan raakshason ke
Marne ki hai baari

Jahaan Raam ne janm liya hai
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari ee
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TWELVE years. This blog has over 15900 song posts by now.

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