Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘1952


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4842 Post No. : 16630

“Mamta”(1952) was produced by R B Haldia and J L Sharma and directed by Gunjal for Sishaat Films, Bombay. The movie had Sumitra Devi, Ulhas, Mirza Musharraf, Rajan Haksar, Kamal Mehra, Chitralekha, Bhagwandas, Ramesh, Rajni, Shantabai, Sadiq, Kaabil amritsari, Baby Salma, Master Raja, G P Srivastava, Sheila, paro etc in it.

The movie had eight songs in it that were penned for four lyricists.

Seven songs have been covered in the past. Here are the details:

Song Date of posting
Haan bhor bhai ik pari gagan se utri 22 july 2013
Sheeshe mein do tasweeren 10 july 2014
Tera mera mera tera pyaar 1 December 2017
O sitamgar aasmaan 8 May 2018
Teri kaali kaali ankhiyaan Kanhaiyya (Mamta) 29 August 2018
Sitaaron hanso na meri bebasi par (Mamta) 30 September 2021
Main samajh gayi kehte ho mujh se aankh mila le 16 October 2021

Here is the eighth and final song from “Mamta”(1952) to appear in the blog. This song is a sung by Shyam Kumar. Shewan Rizvi is the lyricist. The earlier seven songs were composed by Manoharlal Sonik, but the music of this song is composed by Hansraj Bahl.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this rare song.

With this song, all the songs of “Mamta”(1952) have been covere in the blog and the movie joins the list of movies that have been YIPPEE in the blog.


Song-Aaja ke mujhe hai teri tasweer banaani(Mamta)(1952) Singer-Shyam Kumar, Lyrics-Shewan Rizvi, MD-Hansraj Bahl

O o o roop ki raani

aajaa ke mujhe hai teri tasweer banaani
teri tasweer banaani
aajaa ke mujhe hai teri tasweer banaani
teri tasweer banaani

ye mast ghataayen
ye ghhataaon se jawaani
ye mast ghataayem
ye ghhataaon se jawaani
girta hua nadiya mein
pahaadon ka ye paani
girta hua nadiya mein
pahaadon ka ye paani
kehta hai
tere roop ki rangeen kahaani
kehta hai
tere roop ki rangeen kahaani
o o
roop ki raani
aajaa ke mujhe hai teri tasweer banaani
teri tasweer banaani

aabaad nahin hai
ye meri ulfat ka asar hai
ulfat ka asar hai
tujhe kuchh bhi khabar hai
tu dhoondhh rahi hai jise
wo dil to idhar hai
nazar pher idhar hai
kha jaaye na thhokar teri madhosh jawaani
kha jaaye na thhokar teri madhosh jawaani
o o o
roop ki raani
aajaa ke mujhe hai teri tasweer banaani
teri tasweer banaani

ye raaz e mohabbat hai
kadam zara soch ke dharna
zara soch ke dharna
duniya se na darna
phoolon ki tamanna hai to kaanton se bhi guzarna
fariyaad na karna
saanson hi mein palti hai muhabbat ki jawaani
saanson hi mein palti hai muhabbat ki jawaani
o o o
roop ki raani
aajaa ke mujhe hai teri tasweer banaani
teri tasweer banaani
aajaa ke mujhe hai teri tasweer banaani
teri tasweer banaani

Tags:

This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4841 Post No. : 16628

Today’s song is from a Mythological film-Devyani-1952.

This was the story of Kach and Devyani from Mahabharat. I like the various stories from our Epics Ramayan and Mahabharat. There are hundreds of subplots and stories in both these Holy books, in addition to the main stories. However, I like stories from the Mahabharat more than Ramayan. The reason is stories from Ramayana are simpler and involve good virtues like Love, Cooperation, Loyalty, truthfulness etc etc. These are desirable but have no links to today’s social structure. The stories from Mahabharat are built around the practical difficulties in day to day life, defeat of the evil at any cost and use of tact, diplomacy, revenge, punishment etc etc which are more interesting to read.

As such, Mahabharat in itself or its stories seem to be closer to today’s values like ‘Tit for Tat’ and winning over the Evil with equally Evil remedies. The basic difference between Ram and krishna is, Ram was a character who was upright, just and straightforward, while Krishna is a character down to earth, who does not mind using unconventional methods to defeat the Evil. I always feel that in today’s world Krishna tactics are more relevant than Ram Rajya rules !

The story of Kach and Devyani, on which the film Devyani -52 was based was…..

There were regular wars between the Gods and the Demons (Sur and Asur). However the Gods could never win any battle. The reason ? Rishi Shukracharya, who was the Rajguru of the Demons knew the Sanjivani mantra, with which the dead demons would be brought back to life.
Realising that without getting the mantra, they would never win any battle with Demons, the Gods sent Kach- son of God Brihaspati (Jupitor) to Shukracharya as his disciple. Kach impressed Shukracharya’s daughter Devyani and they became friends. Devyani started loving kach.
The Demons came to know who Kach was . They killed him, burnt his body and mixed the ashes with wine, which was given to Shukracharya to drink. He knew that it contained Kach ashes. Meanwhile Devyani came to know that Kach was killed. She insisted that Shukracharya use his Mantra and bring him back to life. Due to daughter’s love, Shukracharya recited the Sanjivani mantra and Kach came out alive from his stomach. Shukracharya died. But Kach now knew the Mantra and he brought back Shukracharya to life again.

Devyani now expresses her love and proposes marriage to Kach, but he refuses stating that since he came from Shukracharya’s stomach, she was her sister now. Devyani is disappointed with his weak logic and curses Kach that what he learned here, he will never be able to use anywhere. Angrily, Kach too curses her that no Bramhin will ever marry her in her life. He goes away and the film ends as a tragedy.

The film ends here alright, but it raised a question in my mind as to how, then, the Gods ever won the battles with Demons ? The answer is, during the ” Samudra – Manthan ” a pot containing ” Divine Potion ” came up. It contained Amrit, which made the Gods immortal (Amar). In due course Shukracharya also died, without parting with the Sanjivani mantra and thus the Demons were defeated in the ensuing wars by Gods.

The film Devyani-52 was produced by Madhukar Harihar under the banner of Madhav Pictures, Bombay. It was directed by Vasant painter and the Music Director was S.Purushottam, assisted by Shamrao Kamble. These names are rather not commonly seen or heard and the readers may not be knowing about them, as they did only few films compared to others and without any famous film either. Let us first know about Vasant Painter.

Vasant Anandrao Painter was born in a village near Kolhapur on 13-8- 1913. His father Anandrao, along with cousin Baburao Painter wanted to make films. Anandrao had bought a second hand Projector, which he turned into a Camera and shot a short film also. Unfortunately, Anandrao Mistry or Anandrao Painter died suddenly on 22-10-1915.Vasant Painter was only a 2 year old baby at that time. Baburao Painter went on to become the famous founder of Marathi films in the Silent Era.

By the time Vasant became 16 year old,the Silent film era was in full swing and many films were made in Kolhapur, Poona and Bombay. He had a liking for painting,so he picked up poster painting work,first in Maharashtra Film company and later in Prabhat film company when it was started in Kolhapur. Actually Damle and Fatelal were keen on helping him as he was the son of Anandrao, from whom they had learnt so many things. They called him to work in Prabhat. He did all jobs,including assisting in cinematography and direction.

His first break came when he was 33 year old. He got an opportunity to direct Prabhat’s film ” Gokul”-46 and later on ” Seedha Raasta”-47. After V.Shantaram had left Prabhat to start his own Rajkamal,Vasnt painter remained in Prabhat loyally, so he got the reward. Prabhat decided to make the film “Namdev” and Vasant was selected as a director. The cast was fixed and other arrangements done, but due to financial reasons the film was cancelled. Anyway, he got another opportunity. Actress Kamala Kotnis had floated a production company,Kamala Chitra Ltd..She invited Painter to direct her film,’Sati Ahilya’-49. Snehal Bhatkar was the MD.

Painter directed ‘ Bhishma Pratignya ‘-1950. This was,probably,the only Mythological film Nargis had acted in, with Shahu Modak.. His other films were,Murliwala-51, Devyani-52, Sajni-56, Patit paawan-55, Gokul ka chor-59, Pyar ki jeet-62 . Meanwhile he was producing and directing several Marathi films too. He won 9 awards,including the prestigious ” V.Shantaram Award”.

Vasant Painter died on 31-5-2006,leaving behind him 6 daughters and 1 son.

And now something about Shamrao Kamble….

Music Directors’ names are famous. At times their assistants too get a mention in the credits, but what about the soul of every song-the Arranger ? Many people do not even know that there is someone called an Arranger. An Arranger not only exists, but without him the song orchestration is not possible.

What does an Arranger do ?

A tune and music is decided by the Composer, but the harmonization of the orchestra is done by the Arranger. He decides which instrument should be used more, like one decides about a flower in a bouquet of flowers. Arranger is like an ‘ interior decorator ‘ of music. Composer decides what effect he needs and what should be the interlude music. Arranger decides which instrument should be played.

Melody is the main ingredient in a song. Orchestra has to supplement and complement the Melody. In this case orchestration is like Jewellery. A beautiful woman must use jewellery to enhance her beauty, but no overuse or underuse will do. Similarly Arranger does optimization of instruments.

Arranger must know the Notations, so that it can be written and given to the players.

How many Arrangers are known to the public in India ? A composer is Zero without an Arranger. So they try to employ the best of them in their service. Some of the Arrangers become successful Composers themselves, like Sonik-Omi or Laxmikant Pyarelal. Most arrangers fail as composers because they don’t know the commercial aspects, like getting films, knowing and mixing with film personalities in Parties, having friends and God fathers in the right place etc etc.

The other day I was reading a book “Voh Bhooli Dastaan” by Subhash Chandra Jadhav,on Indian Film Music. In this book he has described information about one such successful but totally unknown Arranger SHYAMRAO KAMBLE.

Kamble was born in Karad, near Kolhapur in Maharashtra, on 23-10-1925. His elder brother taught him Tabla and Pakhawaj. Kamble joined a musical drama company where he learnt writing notations. When he came to Bombay he accompanied great singers like Saraswati Rane, Suresh Haldankar, Manik Verma etc. He used to make rounds of film studios and learnt to play Piano, Saxophone, trumpet, mandolin etc.

His career started as an assistant to music director H N Sharma.

Then he worked for Roshan in Bawre nain, wherein he played harmonium in all songs and Roshan was pleased. In Bheegi Raat-65 he played Guitar in the song ‘Dil jo na kah saka’

While doing Anokhi Raat he made use of Flute artistically in ‘oh re taal mile’. During this film Roshan died and he helped his wife to complete the recording of ‘Sapnon ka raja’ by Lata.

Chitralekha’s background music was liked by Hemant kumar very much.

After Roshan, Kamble worked for his son Rajesh Roshan also.

Kamble says,“Though my work was appreciated, my name never appeared in film credits till Jaidev and Sudhir Phadke insisted for it.”

From ‘Mujhe jeene do’-63 Kamble became Jaidev’s assistant. He says,’ Jaidev ji was a composer totally sold to indian classical music.’ For Reshma and Shera Kamble used Sarod effectively.

The producer director of Gharonda,Bheem Sen insisted its music to be like R D Burman. Kamble used the interludes in every song just like RDB and songs of Gharonda became very famous. Jaidev was so happy that he gave a 5 speaker gramophone to him as a Gift.

In the film ‘Tumhaare Liye’ Kamble wanted Hariprasad Chaurasiya to play Flute. He discussed it with Hari ji, but Hari ji did not come for any rehearsals, so Kamble called Sumant Raj and did the rehearsals. As luck would have it,on the day of recording Hariprasad came to play Flute. Kamble did not hesitate in making his decision. He used both the flutists for different pieces in the song.

Kamble also worked with Sudhir Phadke. when a producer wanted to make a remake of marathi film ‘Vahininchya Bangdya”, he took Sudhir Phadke for Bhabhi ki choodiyan as a composer, but put a condition that his Arranger will work with him. That person was a Goanese and Phadke did not like his arrangement with western instruments for this emotional film. He called Kamble and asked him to write notations for all the songs on the tunes decided already. Kamble did all this and left. Phadke gave the notations to the Goanese arranger and asked him to arrange orchestration accordingly. That is why all the songs of this film including ‘Jyoti kalash chamke” became popular.

Shyamrao Kamble did not attempt to become a film composer himself, as he knew his limitations. However,for “Bibal-My Brother”-1975, he shared the music with Prabhakar Jog.

Shamrao himself was a brilliant composer as well. He used to compose Bhajans and once on listening to the Bhajans he composed, music director Pyarelal asked him “Shamraoji if you can compose the tunes so nicely, why don’t you think to be a full-fledged music director for films ?” He just said “I am more interested in the Music Arrangements..” Pyarelal asked him jokingly, “so shall I use your compositions ?” smiling, within a second he said, “Pyareji, my all work is for you… you may use it whenever you wish..!” I am very much sure that if Shamraoji had taken music-direction as a career, he would have definitely achieved the position in the list of most talented and successful composers in the Indian music field,” said Pyarelal Ramprasad Sharma, the ace music director.
“His knowledge and devotion towards music was so deep, that he even used to guide or suggest the top artists like Rais Khan (sitar), Hariprasad Chaurasia (flute), Shivkumar Sharma (santoor) about the playing during the recordings. He also used to express that a particular music piece would be more effective if improvised in a different manner etc. And the greatness of those artists also, who used to sportingly accept Shamraoji’s suggestions and appreciate the same.. This was only because they were fully aware of Shamraoji’s knowledge and capacity. And also this was the reason that we had given total freedom to him in our work also,” said Pyarelal.

In his early career, Shamrao had worked as a notation-writer. He was the one who wrote down the notation for Dinanath Mangeshkar’s natya sangeet (Chandrika hi janu, Vilopale Madhu Meelanat ya, Yuwati Mana etc).

Though he retired and settled in Poona, Laxmikant Pyarelal always called him for work. He has toured several countries with Laxmikant Pyarelal’s orchestra as an Arranger. Shamrao kamble died on 17-10-2008, at Dombivali, due to Brain Haemorrhage, at the age of 83 years.

The tribe of Arrangers always worked behind the curtain, without any limelight on them and without appearing in film credits.

Truly, they are the brains behind good music in films !

(Thanks to Subhashchandra Jadhav and mrs. Suhasini Jadhav,copyright holders of ‘Voh bhooli Dastaan’ and Imprints and images, with thanks.)


Song- Prem ki maala meri kahin toot na jaaye(Devyani)(1952) Singer- Asha Bhonsle, Lyricist- Manohar Khanna, MD- S Purushottam

Lyrics

aa aa aa aa aaa

prem ki maala meri
kahin toot na jaaye
balam tum aa jaao
tum aa jao
pyaar ka madhuban mera
kahin toot na jaaye
balam tum aa jaao
tum aa jaao

tum huye aankhon se ojhal
deep saare bujh gaye ae
deep saare bujh gaye
meri jholi mein thhe jitne
phool angaare baney
phool angaare baney
bhagya ka tha ?? mera kahin doob na jaaye
balam tum aa jaao
tum aa jaao
prem ki maala meri ee
kahin toot na jaaye
balam tum aa jaao
tum aa jaao

kaisi yogan baawri tujhko pukaare har ghadi
tujhko pukaare har ghadi
man mein aasha ki ??
aankhon mein saawan ki jhadi
aankhon mein sawan ki jhadi
dolti naiyya meri kahin doob na jaaye
balam tum aa jaao
tum aa jaao
prem ki maala meri
kahin toot na jaaye
balam tum aa jaao
tum aa jaao


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4838 Post No. : 16623

“Mamta”(1952) was produced by R B Haldia and J L Sharma and directed by Gunjal for Sishaat Films, Bombay. The movie had Sumitra Devi, Ulhas, Mirza Musharraf, Rajan Haksar, Kamal Mehra, Chitralekha, Bhagwandas, Ramesh, Rajni, Shantabai, Sadiq, Kaabil amritsari, Baby Salma, Master Raja, G P Srivastava, Sheila, paro etc in it.

The movie had eight songs in it that were penned for four lyricists.

Six songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the seventh song from “Mamta”(1952) to appear in the blog. This song is a duet which is sung by Premlata and Mubarak Begam. Verma Malik is the lyricist. Music is composed by Sonik.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this rare song. It appears to me that the song is picturised as a stage performance song on two ladies, one of them playing the role of a male and lip syncing in Premlata’s voice, while the other lip syns in Mubarak Begam’s voice.

I have not been able to get a few words right. I request our readers with keener ears to help fill in the blanks/ sugest corrections wherever applicable.

This song is the 500th in the blog from movies released in the year 1952. Now movies of all the years of the decade of 1950s (except 1951) have 500 or more songs in the blog.


Song-Main samajh gayi kehte ho mujhse aankh mila le (Mamta)(1952) Singers-Premlata, Mubarak Begam, Lyrics-Verma Malik, MD-Sonik
Both

Lyrics

o o
sun sun sun(?) tamtam waale
o o
sun sun sun(?) tamtam waale
main samajh gayi
main samajh gayi
kehte ho mujhse aankh milaa le
main samajh gayi
kehte ho mujhse aankh milaa le
o ho ho
baadal hain kaale kaale
o o
baadal hain kaale kaale

main samajh gaya
main samajh gaya
kehti ho mujhko paas bulaa le
main samajh gaya
kehti ho mujhko paas bulaa le
o ho ho

dil mein kya hai
kaise bataaun
hoy dil mein kya hai
kaise bataaun

kar ke ishaare tujhe samjhaaun
tujhe samjhaaun
kehte kehte main sharmaaun
kya
o o o
dil le le o dil waale
o o o
dil le le o dil waale

main samajh gaya
main samajh gaya
kehti ho mujhko paas bulaa le
main samajh gaya
kehti ho mujhko paas bulaa le
o ho ho
?? tamtam waale

jabse dekha aisa nazaara
ho jabse dekha aisa nazaara
naach uthha hai jeewan saara
jeewan saara
jabse mera pyaar pukaara
kya
o o
?? tamtam waale
ho o
?? tamtam waale
main samajh gayi
main samajh gayi
kehto ho mujhse aankh milaa le
main samajh gayi
kehto ho mujhse aankh milaa le

o ho ho
sun sun sun tamtam waale
o ho ho
sun sun sun tamtam waale

main samajh gayi
main samajh gaya
main samajh gayi
kehto ho mujhse aankh milaa le

main samajh gaya
kehti ho mujhko paas bulaa le
ho ho ho
ho ho ho
ho ho ho


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4822 Post No. : 16598

“Mamta”(1952) was produced by R B Haldia and J L Sharma and directed by Gunjal. This “social” movie was a Nishaat Films, Bombay production.

The movie had Sumitra Devi, Ulhas, Mirza Musharraf, Rajan Haksar, Kamal Mehra, Chitralekha, Bhagwandas, Ramesh, Rajni Shanta abi, Sadi, Kabil Amritsari, Baby Salma, Master Raja, G P Srivastav, Sheela, Paro etc in it.

The movie had eight songs in it. Seven of them were composed by Sonik, and one by Hansraj Bahl. Five songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the sixth song from “Mamta”(1952) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Geeta Dutt. Verma Malik is the lyricist. Music is composed byS Sonik.

Only audio of this melancholic song is available. I reuest our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Sitaaron hanso na meri bebasi par (Mamta)(1952) Singer-Geeta Dutt, Lyrics-Verma Malik, MD-Sonik

Lyrics

sitaaron hanso na
meri bebasi par
taras khaao kuchh to
meri zindagi par

tumhaare sahaare agar toot jaate
tumhaare sahaare agar toot jaate
mujhe is tarah tum kabhi na sataate
bahaa lo do aansu meri trasdi par
taras khaao kuchh to meri zindagi par

ho o o
meri jaan kar di ghamon ke hawaale ae
meri jaan kar di ghamo ke hawaale
ye kaisi saza di saza dene waale
kyun bijli gira di hai dil ki kali par
taras khaao kuchh to meri zindagi par

mita de mujhe
mujhko veeraan kar de
mita de mujhe
mujhko veeraan kar de
ae maalik tu mujhpe
ye ehsaan kar de
ke khushiyaan mana le meri bekasi par
taras khaao kuchh to meri zindagi par


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4821 Post No. : 16597

“Bhakt Pooran”(1952) aka “Parasmani” was a partially colour film. This mythological movie was produced by Vinod Chandra Desai and directed by Dhirubhai Desai for Vinod Films, Bombay. The movie had Nirupa Roy, Shahu Modak, Vanmala, Sapru, B M Vyas, Niranjan Sharma, Lalita Pawar, Shanta Kunwar, Radha, Dhuliya, Lathani, Amina, Munnas, Anwari, Pratibha, Ramesh Tiwari, Dilip Pahalwan, M Tandon, Baby Naaz, Pappu etc in it.

“Bhakt Pooran”(1952) had eight songs in it. Four songs have been covered so far.

Here is the fifth song from “Bhakt Pooran”(1952) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Rafi. Ramesh Chandra Pandey is the lyricist. Music is composed by Chitragupta.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this philosophical song.


Song-Re moorakh kis baat par karta hai abhimaan(Bhakt Pooran)(1952) Singer-Rafi, Lyrics-Ramesh Chandra Pandey, MD-Chitragupta

Lyrics

re moorakh kis baat par
karta hai abhimaan
tujhse kitne chal base ae ae
raha na naam nishaan

andha manva nain deewaane
andha manva nain deewaane
andha manva
jaane tujhe kahaan le doobe
jaane tujhe kahaan le doobe
inke kaun thhikaane re ae
andha manva

kya hai tere paas re praani
kis par tu itraaye ae ae
kya hai tere paas re praani
kis par tu itraaye
angaaron ko phool samajh kar phoola nahin samaaye
saja ke jhoothhe sapne suhaane re ae
andha manva nain deewaane
andha manva

panchrang chunri odh ke thhagini
chham-chham naache maaya
laakhon kanchan si kaaya ko o
laakhon kanchan si kaaya ko
mitti ban kar khaaya
to mit gaye ek se ek sayaane re
andha manva

ooncha chadh kyun chamak dikhaave ae ae ae
ooncha chadh kyun chamak dikhaave
kare gagan se baaten
pal mein ye din dhal jaayenge
pal mein ye din dhal jaayenge
hongi andheri raaten
bhed ye moorakh man kya jaane
moorakh man kya jaane
moorakh man kya jaane ae ae


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4787 Post No. : 16543

‘Ghunghroo’ (1952) was produced under the banner of Filmkar, owned by Rajendra Jain which had produced ‘Deedar’ (1951) and later, ‘Maan’ (1954). The film was directed by Hiren Bose. The star cast included Om Prakash, Sumitra Devi, Kuldeep Kaur, K N Singh, Murad, Badri Prasad etc. A feature of the film’s casting was that Om Prakash was the lead actor in a double role – one as a shy man and the other in a role of a lead actor in a theatre.

Om Prakash, who commenced his filmy career in a small role of a villain in his maiden film, ‘Dassi’ (1944) followed by another villain role in ‘Dhamki’ (1945), had worked in lead roles in ‘Aai Bahaar’ (1946), ‘Shahar Se Door’ (1946) and ‘Pagdandi’ (1947). However, all these three films failed at the box office and with this, his dream of becoming a lead actor was shattered. The partition in 1947 further compounded his problems for he had to start afresh his career in Hindi films in Mumbai. After remaining unemployed for a year, Om Prakash accepted whatever roles that were offered to him. In about 2 years from his first film in Mumbai – ‘Lakhpati’ (1948) in post-partition period, Om Prakash had become a busy actor doing various character roles.

Against this background, it must be a pleasant surprise for Om Prakash that after a gap of 5 years, he got not only the lead role but also a double role in ‘Ghunghroo’ (1952). But the film failed so miserably that in no time, it went into the list of obscure films. It appeared that Om Prakash was destined to become a popular actor in his various typles of character actor’s roles some of which became unforgettable like in ‘Pyaar Kiye Jaa’ (1966), ‘Padosan’ (1968), ‘Gopi’ (1970), ‘Chupke Chupke’ (1975) and many more.

Having watched Om Prakash in character roles in many films, I wish, I could have watched him as a hero in ‘Ghunghroo’ (1952). Unfortunately, the film seems to have been lost forever for viewing. A few of the lobby images available on-line featuring Om Prakash with Sumitra Devi and Kuldeep Kaur looked interesting. I have incorporated a couple of them in the video of the song which I propose to present with this write-up.

As with most of the obscure films, I could not find the story and review of ‘Ghunghroo’ (1952) on the internet, After some intense searches, I could get a synopsis of the story from one of many lesser known websites on Hindi films which appers to be copied from the film’s song-synopsis booklet because it was written in typical synopsis style language without revealing the ending of the film. From what I could gather from the synopsis, I present the gist of the story as under:

Vinod (Om Prakash) is a shy person who lives in Pune. He is in love with Hema (Sumitra Devi) but does not have enough courage to disclose to her. When he comes to know that Hema also loves him he is the happiest person.

Vinod has a twin brother, Baalam (Om Prakash) who works for a theatre in Mumbai as a lead actor. He often pairs with Kamini (Kuldip Kaur) and their pair is very popular thus making them a box office attraction. Baalam gets attracted towards Kamini and she exploits this by her false love to him to keep her popularity intact at the box office. In this way, she earns fortunes by way of gifts from royal and aristocratic visitors to the theatre.

Kamini’s exploitation game is exposed to Baalam. After a quarrel, she gets Baalam killed with the help of her accomplice, Hiralal (K N Singh). The ghost of Ballam cames out and starts taking revenge on his enemies. Baalam’s ghost also appears in Vinod’s house and enters Vinod’s body. Vinod suddenly becomes Baalam Baalam’s ghosht takes Vinod to Mumbai as Baalam. Hema followes him to Mumbai. Now starts the vicious circle of chase. Heart-broken Hema ran after Vinod who, in turn, runs for his life from Baalam. Baalam runs after Kamini for his revenge. Vinod turned Baalam is dragged by Hiralal and his goons. Thus, all of them find inyolved in a chain resulting in ‘comedy of errors’.

I have no idea as to how the film ends in reality. But in such a type of the story, the villains, K N Singh and Kuldip Kaur would be exposed and arrested with Om Prakash and Sumitra Devi united.

‘Ghunghroo’ (1952) had 9 songs, all written by Rajendra Krishan which were set to music by C Ramchandra. All the 9 songs are available which I have heard and find them melodious with typical brand of C Ramchandra’s compositions.

I am presenting the 5th song from the film, ‘dil kisi ko deejiye dil kisi kaa leejiye’ sung by Zohrabai Ambalewaali, Mohmmed Rafi and chorus. The song appears to be a part of the stage show in the film.

Audio Clip:

Song-Dil kisi ko deejiye dil kisi ka leejiye(Ghunghroo)(1952) Singers-Zohrabai Ambalewaali, Rafi, Lyrics-Rajinder Krishan, MD-C Ramchandra
Both

Lyrics

dil kisi ko deejiye
dil kisi kaa leejiye
zindagi hai chaar din
yahi kaam keejiye
yahi kaam keejiye
dil kisi ko deejiye
dil kisi kaa leejiye
zindagi hai chaar din
yahi kaam keejiye
yahi kaam keejiye

le na jaaye dil koi aapka mazaaq mein
le na jaaye dil koi aapka mazaaq mein
ae ji zara soch ke ki soch ke
aisi baat keejiye
aisi baat keejiye

dil kisi ko deejiye
dil kisi kaa leejiye
zindagi hai chaar din
yahi kaam keejiye
yahi kaam keejiye

aaaa aa aaa
aaaa aa aaa aaa
aa aa aa aa

aaa aa aaa aa
aaa aa aaa aa
aa aa aa aa
zindagi hai chaar din
yahi kaam keejiye
yahi kaam keejiye

aapko huzoor kyon husn ka guroor hai
aapko huzoor kyon husn ka guroor hai
aaine mein dekh ke ki dekhe ke
phir se baat keejiye
phir se baat keejiye
dil kisi ko deejiye
dil kisi ka leejiye
zindagi hai chaar din
yahi kaam keejiye
yahi kaam keejiye

aaaa aa aaa
aaaa aa aaa aaa
aa aa aa aa
aaa aa aaa aa

aaa aa aaa aa
aa aa aa aa aa
zindagi hai chaar din
yahi kaam keejiye
yahi kaam keejiye

dil hamaara thhaa kabhi
ab tumhaara ho chuka
dil hamaara thhaa kabhi
ab tumhaara ho chuka
aapki khushi huzoor
deejiye na deejiye
deejiye na deejiye

dil kisi ko deejiye
dil kisi kaa leejiye
zindagi hai chaar din
yahi kaam keejiye
yahi kaam keejiye


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4725 Post No. : 16437

Today’s song is from the film Do Raaha-1952, about which not much is known- except whatever is given in the HFGK.The film was made under the banner of ‘Progressive Pictures,Bombay’. It was directed by Bal Chhabra and was produced by his elder brother Sujit Chhabra under their own banner. The cast of the film was Nalini Jayawant, Shekhar, K N Singh, Agha, Dewan Sharara, Jagdish Sethi and many more. The 8 songs of this film were written by Prem Dhawan-6 songs and one each by Sahir Ludhianvi and Josh Malihabadi. It seems, there was one more song ” Sab paise ki hai maya” sung by Shankar Dasgupta, S D Batish and Prem Dhawan. The song was also recorded but not included in the film. The music was by Anil Biswas.

Like the film title ‘Do Raaha’, Anil Biswas was also almost at a Do Raaha point in his life. He was a disturbed person. His relations with wife Ashalata were worsening by the day. At the same time his closeness to Meena Kapoor was increasing. Out of his total 90 films in his career, 60 films were over and he was looking at the last 1/3 part of his career with a pessimistic view. After this film, he gave music to 29 more films, but his old magic seemed to be deserted him on the way somewhere. Only the films Fareb-53, Pardesi-57, Char dil char rahen-59 and Sautela Bhai-62 had songs having his faint old stamp.

Anil Biswas, the Bhishma Pitamaha of HFM, was a respected person in the industry. He started from the mid 30s and for the next 25 years or so, he created many everlasting gems in film songs. In Bombay,the Playback system was first started by him in the film Mahageet-1937. By the mid 50s his magic started waning and by 1960, he was almost gone from the industry.

Initially he did 10-11 films with Sagar, then with Mehboob for National studios and then in Bombay talkies- where his name became immortal with the film Kismet-1943.

He married Ashalata in 1936. Along with her he started variety pictures and they produced films like Laadli-49,Laajawab-50;Badi bahu-51,Hamdard-53 and Bajuband-54. ( a less known fact is-Anil da had made a Guest appearance in film Hamdard-53 as a barber. He also acted in the film Mehman-53 (produced by Ashalata),as a Pujari and a song was shot on him.In both cases he did not get any payments. As a Producer he lost heavily, because Ashalata usurped all the money. Frustrated, he gave up everything and separated from her in 1954.

To sustain life, he bought a Truck and did a business of transportation. In addition he also took the contract for a canteen in Mehboob Studios. He failed in both ventures. By now, his relations with Ashalata were soured and sweet links were established with singer Meena Kapoor-25 years younger to him, since 1948 itself. They got married with each other on 19-3-1957. The death of Brother in law and close friend Pannalal Ghosh in 1960 and younger brother Sunil in 1961 as well as his eldest son, broke his heart. He left Bombay and joined A.I.R. at Delhi on 1-3-1963, where he worked upto 27-6-1975. Later he was a consultant for Nehru University for a few years.

Like many filmi couples, Anil da’s married life was also a failure. In Bombay,he used to stay in a huge bungalow,called ” Asha-Pradeep “, on Vincent Road. From Ashalata,he got 3 sons-Pradeep, Amit and Utpal and 1 daughter-Shikha. His son Utpal formed a pair as Amar-Utpal and gave music to few films. The other son Amit established the First Digital Recording Studio in Bombay. Daughter Shikha too got married and settled.

However, hardly anything is known about his eldest son Pradeep, anywhere. Here is some information, hitherto not known much, brought specially for our readers.

Pradeep was a very bright student and always topped in school and college. He passed his entrance exam and the interview, with flying colours for entry to NDA college at Poona, to join armed forces. He excelled even in NDA training. Not only was he very popular there but sang well too. He participated in the music Festival of Khadakwasla NDA and sang 3 songs, winning all prizes. He was also an NDA Topper.

Shri Gopinath Talwalkar, an A.I.R. Programmer at Delhi, used to interview the Toppers of NDA every year. That year Pradeep was the Topper, so he was interviewed. Though the interview was in Hindi, after the recording, Pradeep asked Talwalkar, in pure Marathi, whether his interview had been good. Talwalkar was shocked. Pradeep then explained that he was Anil Biswas’s son and he had learnt Marathi from his actress mother Ashalata. Pradeep knew Hindi, Marathi, English and Gujarati languages.

After completing his NDA training, he was posted as Flight cadet at Jodhpur. He was further promoted and became Pilot Officer in 1957. During one Training flight some altitude problems occurred and his plane crashed at Begumpet Airport, Hyderabad, killing Pradeep instantly. This happened in 1961.

This was also the time of crisis for Anil da. He was struggling to survive. Films were not coming to him. Since he married Meena Kapoor, Lata Mangeshkar-a fast close friend of Ashalata , had gone against him and Meena’s singing career was suppressed. He had already lost Pannalal Ghosh and Sunil-his brother, and now Pradeep’s death devastated him and he was literally forced to seek employment with Delhi A.I.R., when the opportunity came. After retirement, till his death on 31-5-2003, he spent his life in total anonymity as a recluse. So sad for a composer, who was once a fountain of enthusiasm and who was considered Mentor by leading contemporary composers like C.Ramchandra.

Here is an interesting incident about the film Girls School-1949, between C Ramchandra, Anil Biswas and Lata Mangeshkar. This film was produced by Kavi Pradeep under the banner of Lokmanya Productions, Bombay. This was a company floated by him and Amiya Chakrawarty-director of this film. To understand the complexities of Girls school, we must go back a little. In 1942, Anil Biswas was invited by Ranjit @ 1500 pm and by Bombay Talkies @ 2500 pm. As National studio was winding up, Anil Biswas wanted to make a change anyway, but due to the contract of national he could not join Bombay Talkies openly. He ,however , gave music to film Basant-42 and the name of his brother in Law, Pannalal Ghosh was used as its MD.

Finally when Anil Biswas joined Bombay Talkies, there were already 2 groups there. One was led by Devika Rani and Amiya Chakraborty and the other was led by S. Mukherjee along with Ashok kumar, Gyan Mukherjee, Pradeep etc- a total of 15 artistes. Anil Biswas was invited by Devika Rani and that too at 2500 pm, when Pradeep was getting 1500 pm. This irritated Pradeep no end and he started troubling and finding faults with Anil Biswas. However Anil Biswas gave excellent music to film Kismet and then everyone was happy as the film celebrated jubilees everywhere.

With this background, Anil Biswas joined Girls school as a MD, mainly due to Amiya who knew his calibre. Kavi Pradeep being a producer and a Lyricist started interfering with Anil Bswas’s work and criticising him at every opportunity. Anil Biswas was fed up. He had already recorded 3 songs and a solo by Lata , “tum hi kaho, mera man udas kyun na rahe” was to be recorded. Anil Biswas had taken C Ramchandra as his assistant for this film. Though C Ramchandra was already a popular and well known composer himself, still due to sheer respect for Anil Biswas, he had accepted to be his assistant here. When the tune for Lata’s solo was made, Pradeep passed caustic remarks about it being not so good. There was an altercation between Anil Biswas and Pradeep and Biswas quit then and there and went away.

Automatically, C Ramchandra had to take over as MD for the balance songs. Pradeep was very happy. Next day recording of Lata’s solo song took place under the supervision of C Ramchandra, as planned. Later when Lata came to know that Anil Biswas had left and C Ramchandra had replaced him,she was very angry and said that she would not have recorded the song had she known about AB’s exit. She objected to CR’s taking over and complained to the Artistes association too. (Remember, at that time Lata and CR’s relations had not formed yet, Lata was still with Husnlal.)

Later on in 1954, when O P Nayyar replaced Roshan for Mehbooba-54, Lata took up the issue with the MDs’ association. Anil Biswas was the chairman that time and OPN was boycotted. That time Lata quoted the film Girls school incident to prove that she is “highly Principled” !

Anyway, this was how C Ramchandra became the next MD of Girls school-49, with 4 duets of Shamshad and 1 solo for Lalita Deulkar. All the 4 duets of this pair are very interesting. However, with all this jhamelas, film Girls school-49 was a total Flop. Pradeep lost heavily and closed the production company forthwith, after just one film.

Today’s song is a very good song and I was surprised to see that it was not yet posted here. Actually, there may still be some more such Gems, waiting to be discovered. This song is sung by Anil Biswas, Meena Kapoor, Shankar Dasgupta and Shamshad. I liked this song. You too will like it.

(Information used in this article is from books Sagar Movietone, Journey down melody lane, Ritu aaye Ritu jaaye, my notes and Marathi book Anil Biswas, with thanks).


Song-Arre na jaane kya samjhen ye moonchhon waale moonchhon waale (Doraha)(1952) Singers- Shankar Das Gupta,Shamshad Begam, Meena Kapoor, Anil Biswas, Lyricist- Prem Dhavan, MD- Anil Biswas
Female chorus
Male chorus

Lyrics

ae jee bach ke chalna aa
paaon mein moch aa na jaaye
ae kamar naazuk kahin bal kha na jaaye

are na jaane kya samjhe ye
moonchho waale
moonchhon waale

khud ko shaane khuda samjhen ye
moonchhon waale
moonchhon waale

ye baanki tagdi moonchho waale
ye ulti seedhhi moonchho waale
ye bin moonchho ke moonchho waale
khud ko shaane khuda samjhen ye
moonchho waale
moonchho waale

degree lene aaye thhe
mister magar
pad gayi jaane kahaan
unki nazar

ishq ke college mein aise
kho gaye
ho o o
ho o o
B A hote hote Majnoo ho gaye
aur humko bhi Laila samjhe
ye moonchho waale
moonchho waale
aur humko bhi Laila samjhe
ye moonchho waale
moonchho waale

ye chhoti chhoti moonchhon waale
ye moti moti moonchhon waale
ye bin moonchhon ke moonchhon waale
khud ko shaane khuda samjhen ye
moonchho waale
moonchho waale

saara din to jootiyaan chatkaayen hum
aur tab kahin ye chaar paise paayen hum

aeji laaye saadi
laayen powder surkhiyaan aan
o o o o
o o o o
tum udaao aur kamaate jaayen hum
arre phir bhi naaz dikhaayen haay
zulfon waale
zulfon waale

o phir bhi naaz dikhaayen haay
zulfon waale
zulfon waale

hoy naagan ban das jaayen haay
zulfon waale
zulfon waale

ho naagan ban das jaayen
ho das jaayen
ho das jaayen
haay
naagan ban das jaayen haay
zulfon waale
zulfon waale

ek din mister zara
ghar bhi raho
aur aane jaane waalon se parda karo

maanjo bartan
jhaadoo do
paani bharo
o o o o
o o o
jis tarah marte hain hum
tum bhi maro
phir dekhen khud ko kya samjhen
ye moonchhon waale
moonchhon waale
phir dekhen khud ko kya samjhen
ye moonchhon waale
moonchhon waale

ye Hitler jaisi moonchhon waale
ye machchar jaisi moonchhon waale
ye bin moonchhon ke moonchhon waale
khud ko shaane khuda samjhen ye
moonchho waale
moonchho waale
humko na jaane kya samjhen
ye moonchhon waale
moonchhon waale


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day:

4680 Post No. : 16360

This post is coming two days late. Talat Sb’s anniversary of passing away was two days ago (9th May). In preparation and delayed, this post remembers Talat Sb, the velvet voiced wonder who is one of the mainstays of the fond memories of the golden age of Hindi film  music – an era when melody was the queen.

A rare and opportune gathering of talented stars, singers, music makers and writers once came together at the coordinates of a place called Bombay (now Mumbai).  Fortune has a timing of its own, and blessed are those who witnessed this gathering, and also those who continue to enjoy their creations and their histrionics. An august assembly that pulled together in 1940s, it continued gathering momentum along with the fervor of the newly independent India.

But as all good things, this assembly waned and started to fade away after three decades of having held spellbound a young nation, with a full spectrum of emotional flavors. The resonance of those times still rings in the ears and flows with the wind and water of this land. The echoes still entertain, still charm and engross multiple generations of music lovers.

Introduction to Talat Sb is not necessary. But the memories are. And more importantly, it is the celebration of the memories that is essential. Celebrities and performers abound in every generation, every century. But the history remembers only them who are remembered by later generations.

Searching for a song from his earlier films, I chanced to find this one which has not yet been posted on our blog. The film is ‘Ratnadeep’ from 1952. As I check the lists, I find that the film has 8 songs listed in the Geet Kosh. Of these, 5 songs are already showcased on our blog. Talat Sb has sung three songs for this film. Two are duets with Geeta Dutt, and one solo. The two duets are already present here. I bring on the solo song of Talat Sb today.

The film ‘Ratnadeep’ is a production of Chitramaya, Calcutta (now Kolkata) and is produced and directed by Debaki Kumar Bose.  The film is based on the famous novel of same name by Prabhat Kumar Mukhopadhyay (1873-1932). Prabhat Kumar was a barrister by profession and later a professor of law at University of Calcutta. He started writing while still studying at school, and his poems were published in Bangla magazines. He became famous for his short stories which looked at life using a light-hearted lens. As an author he has published more than 100 short stories and 14 novels. ‘Ratnadeep’ is the most well known of his novels.

The cast of actors of this film is listed as Anuva Gupta, Manju Dey, Molina Devi, Chhaya Devi, Tangamani, Harini, Bakul Ghosh, Abhi Bhattacharya, Pahadi Sanyal, Niteesh Mukherji, Tulsi Chakravarty, Kamal Mishra, Raj Kumar Soni, Sudheer  Chakraborty, Gokul Mukherji and Gauri Shankar.

Music for this film is composed by Robin Chatterji. Two songs of this film are traditional verses, one by Vidyapati and another by Meerabai. The remaining six songs have been penned by Pt Madhur and Pran Mahendra. However, the sharing of songs between these two lyricists is not known. So the tag for lyricist is indicated as ‘Unattributed’.

This is a true vintage Talat song – the perfect voice picked by the music director to render it. The words in the song tells about unfulfilled love, expressing aspirations and longing for things that could have been. The words are lovely, and the rendition by Talat Sb touches the strings of the heart inside.

Listen and enjoy this lesser known, lesser heard wonderful song of Talat Sb.

 

Song – Agar Dil Ke Taaron Pe Main Chhed Sakta (Ratnadeep) (1952) Singer – Talat Mehmood, Lyrics – [Unattributed], MD – Robin Chatterjee

Lyrics

agar dil ke taaron pe
main chhed sakta
nai zindagi ka naya sa taraana
agar dil ke taaron pe

na manzil ki chaahat
mere dil mein hoti
na manzil ki chaahat
mere dil mein hoti
meri pyaas ulfat ke
naghmon mein khoti
mere naqsh e paa hi
mere naqsh e paa hi
bataate thikaana
agar dil ke taaron pe

main lehron ke haa..aathon mein
patwaar de kar
jo baste hain dil mein
unhen saath le kar
bahut door saahil se
le jaata kashti
na wo rehte wo
aur na main meri hasti
na wo rehte wo
aur na main meri hasti
magar haa..aaye
adhoora rahega apna fasaana
nai zindagi ka naya sa taraana
nai zindagi ka naya sa taraana
agar dil ke taaron pe

————————————————————
Hindi Script Lyrics
(Provided by Sudhir)
————————————————————
अगर दिल के तारों पे
मैं छेड़ सकता
नई ज़िंदगी का नया सा तराना
अगर दिल के तारों पे

ना मंज़िल की चाहत
मेरे दिल में होती
ना मंज़िल की चाहत
मेरे दिल में होती
मेरी प्यास उलफत के
नग़मों में खोती
मेरे नक़्श ए पा ही
मेरे नक़्श ए पा ही
बताते ठिकाना
अगर दिल के तारों पे

मैं लहरों के हा॰॰थों में
पतवार दे कर
जो बसते हैं दिल में
उन्हें साथ लेकर
बहुत दूर साहिल से
ले जाता कश्ती
ना वो रहते वो
और ना मैं मेरी हस्ती
ना वो रहते वो
और ना मैं मेरी हस्ती
मगर हा॰॰य
अधूरा रहेगा अपना फसाना
नई ज़िंदगी का नया सा तराना
नई ज़िंदगी का नया सा तराना
अगर दिल के तारों पे


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4575 Post No. : 16180

Today’s song is from the film Bahu Beti-1952.

1952 was an year, when resurgent India was trying to organise itself as an Independent Nation. Jawaharlal Nehru had formed independent India’s first Government after the first General Elections. In the film industry also few milestones were reached.

The first ever international Film Festival was organised in Bombay. The fortnightly magazine FILMFARE was launched. A delegation of Indian film personalities visited Hollywood. Two colour films-Aan and Jhansi ki rani (released in 1953) were censored. Pakistan banned import of Indian films after an agitation of Pakistani Film artistes. Bimal Roy shifted his base from Calcutta to Bombay.

Besides this, Radio Ceylon played a major role in popularising Hindi Film Music almost worldwide. Radio Ceylon Hindi service started before 1950. Hamid Sayani, elder brother of Amin Sayani was involved in Radio Ceylon in early days and Binaca Geetmala started from 1952. The announcers of radio Ceylon like Kamini and Vijaya sisters, Vijay Kishore Dubey, Gopal Sharma, Shiv Kumar Saroj, Sunil Dutt, Manohar Mahajan etc were household names. So were towns like Jhumri Talaiyya, Nanded and few others. Radio clubs cropped up everywhere.

Radio Ceylon got the real boost when HFM stopped playing on A.I.R. in 1952.It is popularly believed that the then Minister for information and broadcasting, V.B.Keskar was against film music, calling it Vulgar and that it was he who banned it on A.I.R.

But it is NOT TRUE !

It is true that Keskar was a Purist and disliked Hybrid Music (i.e. HFM ),but he did not ban it. What actually had happened was that A.I.R. announced its revised policy in July 1952 which said,1) Broadcast time for Hindi film songs will be reduced and 2) Dropping the custom of announcing the name of the Film of the song.

IMPPA or The Indian motion Picture producers’ Association was enraged at this loss of free advertisement opportunity for their films and the producers, in their capacity as Copyright owners, took away the A.I.R. ‘s licences for broadcasting film songs. Thus film songs disappeared from A.I.R.,replaced by sugam sangeet and classical music.
(Ref. ‘‘ Mourning the nation: Indian cinema in the wake of the Partition” by Bhaskar Sarkar,pp 57 and .https://www.livemint.com/…/In-1952-Hindi-film-songs-were-ba… )

So, the truth is Keskar did not ban HFM, it was the producers’ association which withdrew licences to AIR, thus forcing them to stop HFM.

We had a very interesting discussion on RMIM forum on this issue, a few years back. Dr.Surjit singh ji , like a magician, produced several old documents which proved that Keskar was NOT the villain, but popularly he was held responsible by one and all.

Radio Ceylon took advantage of the situation and grew very fast starting programmes like Binaca geetmala and Lipton ke Sitare. They did yeoman service to popularise HFM in south east Asia.

Radio Ceylon’s transmitters were powerful and Boosters were installed in India. The famous Mountaineer Edmund Hillary wrote, ” Soon after Conquering Everest, we turned on our Transmitter Radio and the First thing we heard was an Overseas broadcast of Radio Ceylon Hindi service-from more than 3000 miles away ! ”

The year 1952 also saw some of the outstanding musical films and films with some other importance. Scanning the 105 Hindi films that were censored in 1952, we find that the colour film Aan was made in Hindi, English and Tamil language versions. Anand math-first Hindi film of Hemant Kumar had few eternally famous songs by Lata, Geeta and Hemant himself. Aasmaan was the first film of O P Nayyar, from whose soundtrack, Radio Ceylon picked up one of its programme music. Then there was Anhonee. Baiju Bawra-a musical film which opened the doors of A grade films for its lead pair-Meena kumari and Bharat Bhushan, languishing in B and C grade films hitherto.

Film Chamkee for which actress Ragini came all the way from Pakistan, Film Jaal another musical. Jungle ka Jawahir-last film for the yesteryear stalwart composer Madholal master, who was murdered in his flat in Shivaji park, in 1990. Film Maa- first Hindi film of Bimal Roy in his Bombay career part. Naubahar-a Roshan musical and Neelam Pari- Last film for migrator khwaja Khurshid Anwar, MD. Film Saqi,a musical and Sheesha-first film for Kumkum. Shin shinaki Boobla Boo-strange name film featured in the environs of a Far Eastern country. Film Yatrik-a Himalaya trek religious film by Pankaj Mullik, with some outstanding Bhajans and finally film Zalzala-in which Dev Ananad died on screen for the first time ( He never liked the idea,though). The only Next time he died on screen was in Guide-65.

The music of film Bahu Beti was composed by S D Batish. I have a lot of respect for S D Batish,who did a marvellous job of promoting Indian Music in the UK and USA. He is one of those rare people who left the film world, but continued serving the Music,by turning a corner in Life. Such people are few in this world. The monumental work he did for Indian Music in foreign lands is unparalleled. An important point is that he did not do this service to Music for his personal gains. For his sustenance,he had opened a Restaurant in Santa Cruz,California,which was providing him enough for a comfortable living in the USA.

After his death in 2006, an obituary-cum-short life sketch was published in California. I give below its adapted version for our readers-

” Punjabi master S.D. Batish was a pivotal figure behind the western world’s embrace of Indian music, most notably via his memorable contributions to the Beatles’ film Help! Born December 14, 1914, in Patiala, India, Shiv Dayal Batish abandoned a career in the nascent telephone industry to study devotional song, folk drama, and Indian classical music under his guru Hakim Chandan Ram Charan. In 1934, he relocated to Bombay to try his hand at acting, but roles proved scarce and he returned to Patiala two years later, renewing his focus on music. By 1936 Batish was regularly appearing on All India Radio and recording his first sessions for His Master’s Voice. The film industry nevertheless retained its allure for him, and in 1939 he returned to Bombay, working for a spell under broadcasting legend Z.A. Bokhari. After earning his first film work as an assistant musical director in 1942, Batish later graduated to full-fledged Bollywood musical director, in the years to follow working with playback singer greats including Asha Bhosle, Lata Mangeshkar, and Mohammed Rafi as well as writing now-classic songs like the smash “Manmohan Mana Men,” from the 1945 film Kaise Kahoon.

Batish also moonlighted as a playback singer on more than 40 films, among them 1944’s Daasi and 1948’s Barsaat ki Raat, before relocating to Britain in 1964. After accepting a position with the BBC Immigration Unit, Batish became a regular in British radio and television, most notably composing “Nai Zindagi Naya Jivan,” the theme song to the Beeb’s classic South Asian series Apna Hi Ghar Samajhiye (“Make Yourself at Home”). He also returned to his roots as a live musician, performing Indian folk and classical music on the vichitra veena, a long-necked fretless flute. In 1965 Batish was summoned by percussionist Keshav Sathe to record the Indian-inspired incidental music for the Beatles’ second feature film, Help! — the experience also proved the beginning of his lifelong friendship with BeatleGeorge Harrison, who later hired Batish to teach his then-wife Patti Boyd the stringed dilruba. In 1969 Batish assembled wife Shanta Devi, daughter Vijay Laxmi and sons Ashwin Kumar and Ravi Kumar to record North Indian Folk and Classical Music, which for decades remained the lone Indian release to appear on the seminal folk label Topic Records. A year later, the family emigrated to the U.S., settling in northern California and founding a restaurant, the Santa Cruz-based Krishna Café. Although the restaurant business remained Batish’s primary focus for the remainder of his life, he continued playing live and also cut the occasional LP, most notably 1980s Raga Todi, 1985’s Om Shanti Meditation on Dilruba and 1997’s The 72 Carnatic Melakhartas.

He founded “Batish Institute of Music and Fine arts” in California and wrote about 12 books on Indian Classical music,like Ragopaedia,Raga Channels,Rasik Raga lakshan Manjiri etc. He had also founded Batish Recording Co. He was associated with 102 films in Hindi and gave music to 17 films as S.D.Batish,Master Ramesh and Nirmal Kumar. Some of his songs were famous. He died at age 91 on July 29, 2006.” ( adapted from Jason Ankeny’s Bio )

In my memory,the image of S D Batish is etched as a person with a large Fur Cap. Such a type of cap was worn by Shaikh Abdulla and his son Farooq Abdulla. I saw V.Shantaram too wearing that type of cap. Later his son followed by wearing the same ( I mean similar type) Fur cap like father,as if it was a family tradition ! Of late,I have seen the famous film Historian shri Nalin ji Shah with this cap. When I had met him a few years back,he had jokingly said that this cap is his Trademark !

S D Batish was the cousin brother of Pt. Amarnath and brothers Husnlal-Bhagatram,all bore the same surname – Batish.

Out of the 8 songs of film Bahu beti-52, 4 songs are already discussed on the Blog. Today’s song, sung by Geeta Dutt and chorus will be the 5th song. It is a good song to enjoy listening…


Song-Gori Dulhaniya mori gori dulhaniya (Bahu Beti)(1952) Singer- Geeta Dutt, Lyrics-Kaifi Azmi, MD-S D Batish
chorus

Lyrics

hoye gori dulhaniya
hoye gori dulhaniya
gori dulhaniya
hoye gori dulhaniya
mori gori dulhaniya
mori gori dulhaniya
mori gori dulhaniya
mori gori dulhaniya

kaise nikhattu pe lattu bhayi
haan kaise nikhattu pe lattu bhayi
mori gori dulhaniya
mori gori dulhaniya

raja atariya pe oonghat hai
haha oonghat hai
sookhat hai sejiya pe raniya
mori gori dulhaniya
mori gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya

damdi kamaai ki ghar mein na laave
damdi kamaai ki ghar mein na laave
hardam badhe pet apna bajaave
hardam badhe pet apna bajaave
paave to kha jaaye ghar bhar ki rotiyaan aan
chada jaaye paniya paniya
mori gori dulhaniya
mori gori dulhaniya
hoy gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya

roti hai loti to paani hai maani
roti hai loti to paani hai maani
raani ko tutla ke kahte hain naani
raani ko tutla ke kahte hain naani
bhaiya ko bhauji zara kuchh sikha de
chhuda de naadaniya nadaniya
mori gori dulhaniya
mori gori dulhaniya
hoye gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya

maathhe pe bhaiyya ko pagdi na bhaaye
maathhe pe bhaiya ko pagdi na bhaaye
kaandhhe pe talwaar rakkhi na jaaye
kaandhhe pe talwaar rakkhi na jaaye
balma ko apne odha de odhaniya
pinha de jhulaniya jhulaniya
mori gori dulhaniya
mori gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya
gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya
gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya
gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya
gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya


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Blog Day :

4532 Post No. : 16097

“Insaan-1952” was produced by J G Mohla and directed by Jagdish Sethi for ‘New Social Theatre Limited, Bombay’. The movie had Prithviraj Kapoor, Ragini, Kamal Kapoor, K.N. Singh, Kukku, Kanhaiyalal, Rajkumar, Ramesh Thakar, Chamanpuri, Baby Nazar, Roopmala, Urvashi, Naaz etc in it.

The movie had nine songs in it (penned by five lyricists). Two songs have been covered in the past.

Today (14 December 2020) is the 106th birth anniversary of S D Batish (14 December 1914-29 July 2006). On this occasion, here is a song from “Insaan-1952”. It is an “advice” cum caution song. I is sung by S D Batish. Sajanb Bihari is the lyricist. Music is composed by B N Bali.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.

Lyrics of this song were sent to me by Avinash Scrapwala.


Song-Sambhal sambhal kar chalna pagle (Insaan)(1952) Singer-S D Batish, Lyrics-Sajan Bihari, MD-B N Bali

Lyrics(Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)

Sambhal sambhal kar
Sambhal sambhal kar chalna pagle ae
Jag hai andheri raa aa aat
Jag hai andheri raat
sambhal sambhal kar

Jeewan mein insaan ke dukh sukh a a a
Jeewan mein insaan ke dukh sukh
Yoon qismat ne baante ae
Phool se daaman bhara kisi ka
Miley kisi ko kaanten ae ae ae ae
Jag hai andheri raat
Jag hai andheri raat
Sambhal sambhal kar

Pyaar ka jhoola kabhi jhulaaye
Ae ae ae
Pyaar ka jhoola kabhi jhulaaye
Kabhi hain lab par naale
Is duniya ki reet yahi hai
Sun le jaane waale ae ae ae ae
Jag hai andheri raa aat
Jag hai andheri raat
Sambhal sambhal kar

Manzil teri door musaafir r r
Manzil teri door musaafir
Thhak kar baith na jaana aa
Kis se aas lagaaye pagle
Kiskaa huaa zamaana aa aa
Jag hai andheri raa aat
Jag hai andheri raat
Sambhal sambhal kar

————————————
Devnagri script lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
————————————
संभल संभल कर
संभल संभल कर चलना पगले ए
जग है अँधेरी रात
जग है अँधेरी रात
संभल संभल कर

जीवन में इंसान के दुःख सुख
जीवन में इंसान के दुःख सुख
यूं किस्मत ने बांटे ए
फूल से दामन भरा किसी का
मिले किसी को कांटे ए ए ए
जग है अँधेरी रात
जग है अँधेरी रात
संभल संभल कर

प्यार का झूला कभी झुलाये ए ए ए
प्यार का झूला कभी झुलाये
कभी हैं लब पर नाले
इस दुनिया की रीत यही हैं
सुन ले जाने वाले ए ए ए
जग है अँधेरी रात
जग है अँधेरी रात
संभल संभल कर

मंज़िल तेरी दूर मुसाफिर
मंज़िल तेरी दूर मुसाफिर
थक कर बैठ न जाना आ
किस से आस लगाए पगले
किस का हुआ ज़माना
जग है अँधेरी रात
जग है अँधेरी रात
संभल संभल कर


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over THIRTEEN years. This blog has over 16600 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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(© 2008 - 2021) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

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Movies with all their songs covered =1280
Total Number of movies covered=4520

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