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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘1954


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3796 Post No. : 14784

Today’s song is from the film Mahatma Kabir-54.

India has been attacked and ruled by outsiders for centuries. Religions other than Hinduism ruled this country and at times it was feared if our religion will become extinct. Perhaps, from this feeling Bhakti Movement started in India in one part and over the years it engulfed the entire Bharatvarsha. During this period, many saints, teachers and holy figures came up and helped the country to be strong once again in matters of religion.

The Bhakti movement refers to the theistic devotional trend that emerged in medieval Hinduism and later revolutionised in Sikhism. It originated in eighth-century south India (now Tamil Nadu and Kerala), and spread northwards. It swept over east and north India from the 15th century onwards, reaching its zenith between the 15th and 17th century.

The Bhakti movement regionally developed around different gods and goddesses, and some sub-religions were Vaishnavism (Vishnu), Shaivism (Shiva), Shaktism (Shakti goddesses), and Smartism. The movement was inspired by many poet-saints, who championed a wide range of philosophical positions ranging from theistic dualism of Dvaita to absolute monism of Advaita Vedanta.

The movement has traditionally been considered as an influential social reformation in Hinduism, and provided an individual-focused alternative path to spirituality regardless of one’s caste of birth or gender. Postmodern scholars question this traditional view and whether the Bhakti movement ever was a reform or rebellion of any kind.

India is a Multi racial, multi language and Multi religions country. It is not only one of the largest Democracies in the world, but also the largest Secular state in the world, where people from different faiths have been living together since centuries.

Many saints and religious leaders have played a significant role in keeping the mixed population of India as One Unit, when it was needed the most. A majority of Hindus, ruled by Muslim Mughals was a natural cause for social divisions, but Saints like Kabir, Surdas, Tulsidas, Ramdas, Tukaram, Ramanand, Narsi Mehta, Purandar das,Namdev, Guru Nanak Dev, Eknath, Bhakta Pundarikar, Rohidas, Mrutyunjaya and many such noble souls, did an excellent job of maintaining harmony amongst peoples of different faiths.

Kabirdas ji is one saint who is revered equally by Hindus and Muslims as well as Sikhs. He belonged, in fact, to all Indian masses.

Kabir was born near Kashi (Varanasi) to a Bramhin widow, who deserted him, for fear of social boycott. He was found and brought up by a Muslim weaver couple-Niru and Naima. Vaishnava Saint Ramanand accepted him as his disciple. Unlike some other saints, Kabir did not become a Sadhu or a Fakir, but he married and led a normal life earning from his Loom works. He had 1 son and 1 daughter also.

Kabir campaigned against social discrimination and economic exploitation. He vehemently opposed dogmas in Hinduism and Islam. His language was straight from the heart, using common vernacular words, which appealed to the masses. He was against Moorti-puja and believed in Bhakti and Sufi ideas. He was an illiterate person. His poems and Dohas were heard ,noted and written by his followers. His works are included in the Guru Granth Sahib of the Sikhs also. His dohas were in Awadhi, Brij and Bhojpuri languages. Through his philosophies, he spread the message of unity during his times. For him Ram and Rahim were the same.

While the authentic period of kabir is 1440 to 1518, there are popular legends about him living for 120 years and after death, his body turning into Flowers.

More than anything else, Mahatma Kabir is remembered for the courage of his convictions. He was a religious reformer who slashed down the orthodox bigotism of Hindus and Muslims alike. He denounced with a touch of satire, the whole apparatus of piety of the temple and the mosque, the idol and the holy water scriptures and the priests, labelling them as cults that vainly tried to replace Reality with Ritual. And thus it was that while courting bitterness from the accepted monopolists of Faith, he tried to eliminate the bitterness that then existed between Hindu and Muslims of that day. The life story of Kabir saheb is surrounded by numerous contradictory legends, on many of which reliance cannot be placed. It is therefore not to be expected that any one version of his life could satisfy all such sections of people who claim to know anything about him.

Mahatma Kabir-54 was made by New premier Films, Bombay and it was directed by Gajanan Jahagirdar. The music was by Anil Biswas and the cast included Surendra, Sulochana, Jahagirdar, Randhir, Lalita Pawar and others. The story of the film is…

The story of Mahatma Kabir begins with the unfolding of a lotus as divine light penetrates through its petals. The infant that lay within, stretched out its chubby arms to Nooru and Naima, a weaver couple of Benares, who brought him up as Kabir, their foster son. But Kabir grew into a strange boy, dreamy and listless, curious of matters spiritual, until one day he saw in Swami Ramananda his destine teacher. Eager to meet his Guru alone, he lay upon the steps of the Ganges, where Ramananda was accustomed to bath. The master trod upon his body unexpectedly and exclaimed “Ram Ram”. Accepting this as a token of the mantra of initiation, and with inspiring words of the Guru, Kabir stepped forth in pursuit of his mystic mission.

As a youth, he found his opposition from the orthodox groups increasing in the threatening proportions. His family was ostracised socially and economically, a calamity to which his foster father Nooru succumbed. All legends agree that Kabir a simple unlettered weaver relied in work as a means of living independently of any charity and earned his livelihood from the loom. The work of his hands helped him rather than hindered the impassioned meditation of his heart from the depths of which he sang the rapturous lyrics of divine love.

Kabir Saheb was constantly harassed by the Mahajan for the repayment of his foster father’s debt which on account of his economic boycott he was not able to repay. He was involved in a theft charge and presented before the Ruler of Kashi who ordered him to be whipped. The sentence was executed but Kabir smiled at the foolishness of those trying to punish him for the offence he had not committed, while the real offender on whom the lashes were actually falling cried in pain. The repentant Kashi Naresh honoured and feted Kabir and the entire ensemble shouted Kabirji ki jai. Returning home Kabir found his ancestral home attached by his Mahajan. People offered to pay off the debt but Kabir declined their offer. He thought that Ram was taking him closer to Himself by removing slowly the barriers of worldly possessions.

With the ancestral house gone, Kabir walked away to the ruins in the outskirts of the Kashi with his foster mother Naima and wife Loi. From there, this apostle of Universal Love, travelled through the length and breadth of the land and the countries beyond, spreading his gospel far and wide while his foster-mother and wife Loi suffered the privations of life. After many years he returned to Benares, where his ailing mother held her breath only to see him for the last time. Now Kabir was an old man, but much revered and still more opposed. This opposition culminated in his being presented before Sikander Lodi on a charge that he was not only an enemy of Islam but also a traitor to the throne of Delhi. Sikander referred the matters to the Kazi of Benares, who ordered him to be thrown into the Ganges tied hand and foot. The cruel sentenced was carried out, while a vast multitude, thronging the Benares Ghats looked on with throbbing hearts and streaming eyes.

As expected Kabir survives and the Kazi and Sikander bow their heads in respect. Finally when Kabir dies, his body turns into flowers and Hindus and Muslims share it for their respective last rites.

The music for this film was given by Anil Biswas. C.H.Atma, who unsuccessfully tried to become a singing star in films like Bhai sahab-54 and Bilwamangal-54, had sung a Bhajan ” Ram Ras Barse re manwa ” in this film as a playback-in Saigal style. Anil Biswas and Saigal were good friends. Whenever Saigal wanted to avoid any unwanted visitor to him, he would escape to Anilda’s home and take his afternoon siesta. Unfortunately, Saigal never sang for Anilda, though he had kept one tune ready for him. This was later used for a song by Mukesh in another film.

Not Saigal, but singers who liked Saigal, sang for Anil Biswas…like Mukeh in Pehli Nazar-45 (dil jalata hai to jalne de), Kishore kumar in film Fareb-53 ( husn bhi hai udas) and C.H.Atma in the film Mahatma Kabir-54 (Ram ras barse re Manwa).

The Hero of Mahatma Kabir was Surendra. At one time he was projected as Bombay’s answer to Calcutta’s Saigal, by Sagar Movietone. While working in Sagar and National, Anil Biswas had used Surendra’s voice in films like Jagirdar, Mahageet, Gramophone singer, Comrade, Aurat and Jawani. Sagar Movietone always tried to compete with New Theatres, Calcutta. When they made President-37, Sagar made Jagirdar-37 and when Street singer-38 was made, Sagar made Gramophone singer-38. Though Surendra was popular, he could never match Saigal. It is to the credit of Surendra, that personally he revered Saigal and never thought of competing with him.

It was Naushad, who first stopped Surendra’s singing and gave him playback of Ustad Amir khan in film Baiju Bawra-52. When he was sporadically heard in films Gharbar-53 and Gawaiya-53, Anil Biswas bloked his singing again and all songs for Surendra in film Mahatma kabir were sung by Manna Dey as playback. After this Surendra only sang in film Pati patni-66. It was rumoured that Surendra himself requested the producer to allow him to sing his last song. He did it free too !

Amirbai Karnataki , who sang in this film was also in her last phase of film singing and after Mahatma Kabir-54, she sang only one song each in 57,61,64 and 72. Thus ended her singing career.

HFGK mentions that today’s song is written by Kabir himself. However, I find that except the Mukhda ‘ Ram Rahima ‘(repeated several times till last), the antara words are from a famous song by Wajid Ali Shah- ‘ Babul mora ‘, which was used in films like The trapped-31, Nachwali-34, Street singer-38 and Shatranj ke khiladi-77.

The song by Manna Dey and Chorus is very good. As such Anil Biswas was an expert in composing chorus songs, in his films. You may find at least one or two chorus songs in most of his films.


Song-Ram Rahima Ram Rahim (Mahatma Kabir)(1954) Singer- Manna Dey, Lyrics- Kabir Das , MD- Anil Biswas
Chorus

Lyrics

ram rahimaa
ram rahim
ram rahimaa
ram rahim
ram rahimaa
ram rahim
ram rahimaa
ram rahim

baabul mora
(ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
)
naihar chhuta hi jaaye
(ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
)
baabul mora
(ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
)
naihar chhuto hi jaaye
(ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim

chaar kahaar mil ab doliya aa aa sajaawen
(ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
)
mora apna begaana aa aa chhuto jaaye
(ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
)
baabul mora aa aa aa aa aa aa aa
(ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
)
naihar chhuto hi jaaye
(ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
)
baabul mora aa baabul mora
(ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
)
baabul mora aa aa baabul mora aa aa
(ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
)
baabul mora aa aa aa
(ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
)

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This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3775 Post No. : 14753

“Africa” (1954) was produced by by C Chandrakant and directed by K Kant for Movie India, Bombay. The movie had Baburao pahalwan , Krishna Kumari, Habib, Alice, Ishwar, R S Pawar, Madan Kapoor, Shaikh, D N Devesh, Parmesh, Babu, Raghu, Gopal, Ahmad, Kaka, Nagendra, Kumar Sharma, R S Dewan (Gorilla) etc in it.

The movie had five songs in it. One song has been covered in the past.

Here is the second song from this obscure movie. The song is sung by Mubarak Begam. Lyricist is Kumar Sharma Vanvasi. Music is composed by Robin Chatterji.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the movie as well as on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Dil ki duniya pe chhaa gaya koi (Africa)(1954) Singer-Mubarak Begam, Lyrics-Kumar Sharma Vanwasi, MD-Robin Chatterji

Lyrics

dil ki duniya pe chha gaya koi
mujhko apna bana gaya koi
bana gaya koi
dil ki duniya pe chha gaya koi
mujhko apna bana gaya koi
bana gaya koi

maine ab tak na kuchh bhi seekha tha
pyar karna sikha gaya koi
sikha gaya koi
dil ki duniya pe chha gaya koi
mujhko apna bana gaya koi
bana gaya koi

mast aankhon ke ek ishaare se
aag dil mein laga gaya koi
laga gaya koi
dil ki duniya pe chha gaya koi
mujhko apna bana gaya koi
bana gaya koi

chain tab se hi ho gaya rukhsat
aankh jab se lada gaya koi
lada gaya koi
dil ki duniya pe chha gaya koi
mujhko apna bana gaya koi
bana gaya koi

pyaar mein main to ho gayi paagal
mujhpe jaadu chala gaya koi
chala gaya koi
dil ki duniya pe chha gaya koi
mujhko apna bana gaya koi
bana gaya koi


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3756 Post No. : 14722

Today’s song is from a film called ‘Diwali Ki Raat’ (1956). This is a film in which singer Talat Mahmood acted as a hero opposite heroine Roopmala. Talat Mahmood (24-2-1924 to 9-5-1998) acted in 12 films from 1945 to 1958 and he also did a cameo role, singing a song-“Shukriya Ae Pyaar Tera Shukriya“, of  three and half minutes in film Aaram-1951. In his early career starting in Calcutta, he fell in love with a Bangla actress Latika Mullick. They got married on 20-2-1951. She was converted to Islam and was renamed Nasreen, who bore two children to Talat. As per a book by Manek Premchand, ‘Talat Mahmood – The Velvet Touch’, he sang 777 songs which included Hindi film songs, NFS and unreleased films etc. As per another source he sang 451 Hindi film songs from 259 Hindi films.

Two very good singers – and my favourites – spoiled their singing careers at the cost of fulfilling their misplaced hype of making it as a singing hero, when such times had died down after Saigal. Mukesh ( 22-7-1923 to 27-8-1976 ) acted in 8 films from 1941 to 1956 and sang 928 songs from 538 films, as per one source. I personally feel, the film bug did more damage to Talat than Mukesh. Of course a money-smart Talat made it up with innumerable foreign tours for concerts and singing jaunts with a party made up of musicians, singers and mimicry artistes.

Recently, I received a copy of Talat’s handwritten inland letter, sent to one of my friends in Gujarat, who wanted to arrange his show. As per what Talat wrote on 26-12-1977, his fees was Rs. 12,000/-, plus hotel accommodation for him and others. The troupe, he said, consisted of singers, dancers, musicians and mimicry artistes. One may feel that Rs. 12,000 was too low, but remember, this was 41 years ago, when petrol was less than two rupees per litre. In late 70s, I had rented a two bedroom, 1,000 sq ft flat in prime locality like Andheri in Bombay, for just Rs. 800 pm. Today the same size flat will command a rent of Rs. 40,000 + pm.

Like the values of money and values of life changed in all these years, almost everything has changed nowadays. These changes have not come overnight, but like slow poisoning, the changes took almost 50 to 60 years to show their effect. The second world war and the independence era were the beginning when quantity started overpowering quality. The film industry was also not an exception. How good the acting or the music was, became secondary and how many films, became the testing apparatus to judge the actor or the composer. Thus the simple but the talented artistes fell behind and those who pushed hard or had the right connections (and the luck) went much ahead.

In the field of Music Direction, at least two names come to the mind, who were talented but too simple to last in the neck to neck competition of the film line. One of them was Snehal Bhatkar (the other being, Bharat Bhai’s favourite- Jaidev). He was the MD for the film ‘Diwali Ki Raat’.

White full shirt, ironed white pyjama, spectacles with big powerful lenses and the trademark white Gandhi Topi – he could easily be mistaken for a ‘Pandharpur Warkari’ (a regular pilgrim to Pandharpur) or a member of a ‘Bhajani Mandali’ or simply a middle class ‘Marathi Manoos’. Such was the appearance of one of Hindi filmdom’s talented, yet not so famous, music maestro VASUDEV GANGARAM BHATKAR or Snehal Bhatkar, as we all know him.

In Hindi film music field there were some talented composers like Ghulam Mohd, Mohd. Shafi, Iqbal Qureshi, Daan singh, C Arjun, Ramlal, Sardar Malik, Ajit Merchant, Jamal Sen, Dattaram, Ganesh, etc. who could never reach the peaks of their careers. They really deserved success and fame, but luck did not favour them. Big banners never approached them and eventually the losers were the music lovers in India. These composers did not know, perhaps, how to sell their art. May be they never wanted to enslave music to gain name and fame, instead they preferred to settle for genuine service to music!

Snehal Bhatkar was one such composer. The maxim of simple living and high thinking never worked in this Mayanagari, but he had no regrets. Till the very end he was contented with whatever God gave him, and whatever name and success he achieved.

He was born into and grew up in a family that was surrounded by traditional devotional music all around. In the lower middle class, the people had their entertainments in singing bhajans and doing keertans in temples en masse.

Vasudev G. Bhatkar was born on 17-7-1919. He knew at least 100 bhajans by heart by the time he was in his 10th class. He was invited to sing in Ganesh Melas and other celebrations and soon became a well-known name in the locality. Because of his singing and skills in playing harmonium and other instruments, he got a job with HMV in Bombay. Here he used to give accompaniment on harmonium to big classical singers. At the same time, taking cognizance of his singing skills, many Marathi bhavgeets and bhajans were recorded by HMV. Some of them are popular in Maharashtra even today.

All this while, Bhatkar was looking for opportunity to compose in films. Sudhir Phadke who also served in HMV and recorded some songs from 1943 to 1945, joined hands with Bhatkar and made a pair – Vasudev-Sudhir. In 1946, they got a film of Baburao Painter – ‘Rukmini Swayamvar’ – for music direction. The problem was that due to his service in HMV, he could not openly work outside. Hence he only gave his name as Vasudev. After this film, the pair separated and Phadke went to give music to films like ‘Gokul’ (1946), ‘Aagey Badho’ (1947), etc. Due to financial constraints Bhatkar was unable to leave his job with HMV.

In 1941, Bhatkar had come to know Kidar Sharma while recording songs for his film ‘Chitralekha’, which he was making for Ranjit Studios. Sharma had just come from Calcutta to establish himself in Bombay. He had a knack of identifying talents. He first gave a chance to Bhatkar to sing some songs with Leela Sawant in his film ‘Kaliyan’ (1944). After ‘Rukmini Swayamvar’, Kidar Sharma gave him his first break as an independent composer in his film ‘Neelkamal’ (1947), where Kidar Sharma launched Raj Kapoor and Madhubala in adult roles as the leading pair. Here Bhatkar used the name B Vasudev. In the subsequent years Bhatkar used different names for different films like VG Bhatkar in ‘Sant Tukram’ (1948), ‘Sati Ahalya’ (1949) and ‘Pagle’ (1950), and Snehal in ‘Suhaag Raat’ (1948) and ‘Thes’ (1949). After doing ‘The’s and ‘Sati Ahalya’, Bhatkar resigned from HMV.

Snehal Bhatkar and Kidar Sharma were very good friends. Kidar gave him ‘Neki Aur Badi’ in 1949. Meanwhile, Kidar Sharma met Roshan Lal Nagrath in some musical event. Sharma was terribly impressed with Roshan and wanted to give him a break in his film. At that point of time, Kidar had just started work on ‘Neki Aur Badi’. He had a heart to heart talk with Bhatkar and Bhatkar gladly left the film for Roshan. Thus Roshan got his break with ‘Neki aur Badi’. Roshan never forgot Bhatkar’s magnanimity in his life and always respected Bhatkar. In return Kidar Sharma gave ‘Hamari Beti’ (1950) to Bhatkar. As he was a free bird now, Bhatkar started using the name SNEHAL BHATKAR  from this film. Snehal was the short form of Snehalata, his daughter.

Snehal Bhatkar did many Marathi films and recorded many bhajans in Marathi, which are ever popular. He did 28 films in Hindi (including one unreleased film in the 1950s) and 12 films in Marathi. Out of 27 released Hindi films, 9 were made by Kidar Sharma.

The song which made Mubarak Begum and Bhatkar famous in India was ‘Kabhi Tanhayion Mein, Hamari Yaad Aayegi’ from the film ‘Hamari Yaad Aayegi’ (1961). (This film was was originally named ‘Jawaan Mohabbat’). Actually this song was to be done by Lata Mangeshkar. Lata had already recorded two songs for this film. Due to her extremely busy schedule she was unable to do this song, so she suggested the name of Asha Bhosle. But Kidar Sharma, already upset over Lata’s refusal, opted for Mubarak Begum and the rest, as they say, is history. She imbued a unique character to this song with her special voice.

After 1960, the musical scene in India was undergoing drastic changes and there was no space for composers like Bhatkar, who used minimum orchestra and dwelt upon melody. His films came in long intervals. Even Kidar Sharma left him after ‘Fariyaad’ (1964) only to return in ‘Pehla Qadam’ (1981). Finally Bhatkar did his last Hindi film ‘Sahme Hue Sitare’ (1994), which featured his son Ramesh Bhatkar, who was already a popular hero in Marathi film, stage and TV. This obscure film did nothing good to Bhatkar. After retirement Bhatkar devoted his time for children’s welfare and his original love – Bhajan Mandali singing.

Snehal or Vasudev Gangaram Bhatkar, together with cousin Devji Bhatkar and Panchambuwa Pandurang Shivalkar, was the founder member of ‘Vishwambhar Prasadik Bhajan Mandal’ in Dadar. It is still in operation after 50 years, with new set of singers. Bhatkar was very kind hearted. Every year, during Ganapati festival he used to visit his ancestral village ‘Bhate’ in Ratnagiri district and participate in singing bhajans.

Lata, Talat and Mukesh were his favourite singers. Although Talat has not sung many songs for him, his song “Zindagi Kis Mod Pe Laayee Hamein” from ‘Diwali Ki Raat’ was very popular. When rehearsals for this song were being done, Bhatkar had used only tabla and sitar for the practice session. The producer who chanced upon this rehearsal was so much impressed with this that he insisted recording the song only with minimum instruments. So, this song has only tabla, sitar and another instrument for accompaniment.

Though there were many melodious songs composed by Bhatkar like, Khusro’s “Lakhi Babul More Kaahe Ko Deenha Bides Re” sung soulfully by Mukesh in ‘Suhaag Raat’ (1948); “Ro-oge Pachhtaoge” by Mukesh and Rajkumari in ‘Thes’ (1949); Lata’s “Chanda Tujhko Laaj Na Aayee” from ‘Bhola Shankar’ (1951); Suman Kalyanpur’s “Haal-e-Dil Unko Sunana Tha“- Fariyaad (1964), no other big banner producer opted for Snehal Bhatkar, except Kidar Sharma . May be his compositions were not so simple for common man to hum or sing, although they were quality songs.

Despite several melodious songs Bhatkar was never counted among the first line composers. Kidar Sharma returned to him in 1980, but by that time Snehal Bhatkarwas already on a descending track.

SNEHAL BHATKAR, a talented but sadly not much applauded composer, died peacefully on 29-5-2007 at his Dadar home.

Today’s song is sung by Mahendra Kapoor. As far as I know, this is my first song of Mahendra Kapoor. Today’s song was his first solo song of his career. Mahendra Kapoor was among the premier playback singers of the Golden Age of Hindi musical cinema, with hits like “Chalo Ek Baar ” and “Neele Gagan Ke Taley” vaulting him to a level of celebrity rivaling the on-screen actors miming to his vocals. Born January 9, 1934, in Amritsar,  Kapoor spent the majority of his childhood in Mumbai, where he claimed top honors in the All-India Murphy-Metro Singing competition in 1957. His victory captured the attention of filmmaker Raja Nawathe, who used him in 1958’s ‘Sohni Mahiwal’. This also caused a controversy, because the contest was for new comers and Mahendra Kapoor had already sung  songs in several films like ‘Madmast’ (1953), ‘Madhur Milan’ (1955) ‘Lalkar’ (1956) and ‘Heer’ (1956) and also his first solo song in film ‘Diwali Ki Raat (1956). Later on he gave some lame excuse that he had not got any payment for that song etc. (beetehuedin.com has all the relevant details on this controversy and the court case etc, in MK’s interview article).

A year later, Kapoor launched into the top ranks of Bollywood singers when composer and musical director Ramchandra Chitalkar tapped him to perform the show stopping “Aadha Hai Chandrama Raat Aadhi” in the film ‘Navrang’ (1959). Kapoor quickly proved himself a versatile talent even by Bollywood standards, performing in a number of regional Indian languages beyond his native Hindi. Within the sub genre of Marathi language productions, he was renowned as the playback singer of choice for superstar Dada Kondke — and over time his repertoire expanded, becoming virtually synonymous with patriotic anthems when he delivered “Mere Desh Ki Dharthi. . .” in Manoj Kumar’s 1967 film ‘Upkaar’, a rendition that also earned him the Best Male Playback Singer honors from India’s National Film Awards voters.

Kapoor remained a respected and popular figure across his five-decade cinema career, notching additional hits via “Iktara Bole. . .” (from ‘Yaadgaar’, 1970), “Fakira Chal Chala Chal” (from ‘Fakira’, 1976) and “Ab Ke Baras” (from ‘Kranti’, 1981). While his filmography embraces dozens of directors, he enjoyed his most fruitful collaboration with filmmaker BR Chopra, a partnership that extends across productions like 1959’s ‘Dhool Ka Phool’, 1963’s ‘Gumrah’, 1965’s ‘Waqt’, 1969’s ‘Aadmi Aur Insaan’ and 1973’s ‘Dhund’. From 1980 onward Kapoor appeared largely in small, regional films in the Punjabi and Bhojpuri tongues, and with son Rohan he mounted a series of live tours spanning across India and overseas. His contributions to the Bollywood industry were later recognized via the Indian government’s Padmashri Award as well as the Madhya Pradesh government’s Lata Mangeshkar Award. Poor health plagued Kapoor during the final years of his life, and he suffered a fatal heart attack in his sleep on September 27, 2008.

Today’s song is the 7th song from this film, to be discussed here. There are 10 songs in the film as per HFGK, but one Talat song was removed from the film. For this film, Kersi Mistry and Prabhakar Naren were the assistants for Bhatkar. Mistry later claimed that the above song was composed by him.


Song – Tere Dar Ki Bhikmangi Hai Daata Duniya Saari (Diwaali Ki Raat) (1956) Singers – Mahendra Kapoor, Lyrics – Madhukar Rajasthani, Music – Snehal Bhatkar

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

tere dar ki
bhikhmangi hai
daata duniya saari
ho daata duniya saari

koi maange mahal do-mehle
koi kutiya chhoti
koi maange sona chaandi
koi sookhi roti
re roti
koi maange laal salona
koi maange laal salona
koi sundar naari
maange koi sundar naari
waah re duniya rachne waale
shaan hai teri nyaari
shaan hai teri nyaari
tere dar ki bhikhmangi hai
tere dar ki bhikhmangi hai
daata duniya saari
ho daata duniya saari

koi tujh par phool chadha kar
maalik tujh rijhaaye
koi tujh par phool chadha kar
maalik tujh rijhaaye
koi bechaara dukh ka maara
aansoo bhent chadhaaye
koi bechaara dukh ka maara
aansoo bhent chadhaaye
donon hi mohtaaj hain tere
donon hi mohtaaj hain tere
donon tere pujaari
donon tere pujaari
khel rahe ho khel anokhe
kya samjhe sansaari
kya samjhe sansaari
tere dar ki bhikhmangi hai
tere dar ki bhikhmangi hai
daata duniya saari
ho daata duniya saari

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

तेरे दर की
भिखमंगी है
दाता दुनिया सारी
हो दाता दुनिया सारी

कोई मांगे महल दो-महले
कोई कुटिया छोटी
कोई मांगे सोना चाँदी
कोई सूखी रोटी
रे रोटी
कोई मांगे लाल सलोना
कोई मांगे लाल सलोना
कोई सुंदर नारी
मांगे कोई सुंदर नारी
वाह रे दुनिया रचने वाले
शान है तेरी न्यारी
शान है तेरी न्यारी
तेरे दर की भिखमंगी है
तेरे दर की भिखमंगी है
दाता दुनिया सारी
हो दाता दुनिया सारी

कोई तुझ पर फूल चढ़ा कर
मालिक तुझे रिझाये
कोई तुझ पर फूल चढ़ा कर
मालिक तुझे रिझाये
कोई बेचारा दुख का मारा
आँसू भेंट चढ़ाये
कोई बेचारा दुख का मारा
आँसू भेंट चढ़ाये
दोनों ही मोहताज हैं तेरे
दोनों ही मोहताज हैं तेरे
दोनों तेरे पुजारी
दोनों तेरे पुजारी
खेल रहे हो खेल अनोखे
क्या समझे संसारी
क्या समझे संसारी
तेरे दर की भिखमंगी है
तेरे दर की भिखमंगी है
दाता दुनिया सारी
हो दाता दुनिया सारी


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3746 Post No. : 14708

“Majboori”(1954) also known as “Chhoti Bahan”(1954) was directed by Ram Daryani for Murli Movietone, Bombay. The movie had Balraj Sahani, Shyama, Gope, Kumar, Jeevan, Gulab, Pramila etc in it.

The movie had 8 songs in it which were penned by D N Madhok (7) and Pandit Gaafil (1).

Three songs have been covered in the past. Here is the fourth song from “Majboori”(1954) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Asha Bhonsle. The song is penned by D N Madhok. Music is composed by Robin Chatterji.

Only the audio of song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Aankhen ro ro haar gayin (Majboori)(1954) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-D N Madhok, MD-Robin Chatterji

Lyrics

aankhen ro ro haar gayin
aankhen ro ro haar gayin
armaan tadap kar choor huye
aise mein dil thhaam ke hum
haan kehne par majboor huye
aankhen ro ro haar gayin

rote armaanon aao
lag jaao kaleje se mere
rote armaanon aao
lag jaao kaleje se mere
jo tumne gharonde baandhe thhe
haaye wo gharonde choor huye
aankhen ro ro haar gayin
armaan tadap kar choor huye
aise mein dil thhaam ke hum
haan kehne par majboor huye
aankhen ro ro haar gayin

jis duniya mein humne laakhon
shauk se phool khilaaye thhe
jis duniya mein humne laakhon
shauk se phool khilaaye thhe
ek bujhe dil ko lekar
hum us duniya se door huye
aankhen ro ro haar gayin
armaan tadap kar choor huye
aise mein dil thhaam ke hum
haan kehne par majboor huye
aankhen ro ro haar gayin


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3735 Post No. : 14681

“Ameer”(1954) was produced and directed by Chandu for Chandu Studio Limited, Bombay. This “stunt” movie had Geeta Bali, Kamal Kapoor, Tiwari, Patanjali, Manju, Nagpal, Vasantrao Pahalwan, Babu Raje etc in it.

The movie had six songs in it. Three of these songs have been covered in the past. all these songs were discussed in 2011.

Now, after more than seven years, here is the next song from “Ameer”(1954) to appear in the blog. this song is sung by S Balbir and Asha Bhonsle. Udhhav Kumar is the lyricist. Music is composed by Pt Lachchiram.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.

With this song the blog now has 500 songs from movies relesed in 1954. With this song, 1954 joins 1949, 1950, 1959 and 1960 that have 500 songs each in the blog.


Song-Kahaan se aayi hai…ho tu bol saamne aake (Ameer)(1954) Singer-Balbir, Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Uddav Kumar, MD-Pt Lachchiram
Both

Lyrics

kahaan se aayi ee ee
kahaan se aayi hai
nazron mein laakhon teer chhupaa ke
kya laayi
kya le jaayegi
bol saamne aake
kya laayi
kya le jaayegi
bol samne aake
ho tu bol saamne aake

layi hoon main husn jawaani
ulfat ki rangeen kahaani
laayi hoon main husn jawaani
ulfat ki rangeen kahaani
le jaaungi pyaar chura ke

bol saamne aake
ho tu bol samne aake

ye husn hai faani
mast jawaani do din ki
ulfat ki rangeen kahaani do din ki
dekh le dil ki aankhon se
tu parda zara uthha ke
parda zara uthha ke
dekh le dil ki aankhon se
tu parda zara uthha ke
parda zara uthha ke
ho tu bol saamne aake

do din hai to hans loon gaa loon
dushman ko dildaar bana loon
do din hain to hans loon gaa loon
dushman ko dildar bana loon
naagan si zulfen bikhra ke

bol saamne aake
ho tu bol saamne aake

hansna gaana dil ka lagaana khel nahin
dard ki duniya mein muskaana khel nahin
jeena ho to jeene waale
jeena naam kamake
jeena naam kamaake
jeena ho to jeene waale
jeena naam kamaa ke
jeena naam kamaa ke

ho tu bol saamne aake
kya laayi
kya le jaayegi
bol saamne aake
ho tu bol saamne aake


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3720 Post No. : 14654

“Teen Tasweeren”(1954) was produced by Shree Gaglani and directed by S S Solanki for Ashok Studios, Bombay. This movie had Anil, Kishore, Devendra, Neena Makker, Sharda, Munshi Khanjar, Kumar etc in it.

The movie had at least seven songs in it, may be more.

The songs are as obscure as the movie. One song has been covered in the past.

Here is the second song from “Teen Tasweeren”(1954) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Kaumudi Munshi. Prem Dhawan is the lyricist. Music is composed by Ninu Majumdar.

Only the audio of this song is available. Kaumudi Munshi was the only female singer in this movie so it would seem that she sang for the leading lady in the movie who could be Neena Makkar. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this melancholic song.


Song-Kaajal kaali raat re (Teen Tasweeren)(1954) Singer-Kaumudi Munshi, Lyrics-Prem Dhawan, MD-Ninu Majumdar

Lyrics

Kaajal kaali raat re ae
Kaajal kaali raat re
koi samjhaaye
koi bataaye
koi samjhaaye
koi bataaye
kab hogi prabhaat re ae
Kaajal kaali raat hai
Kaajal kaali raat re

murjhaaye phoole pe haaye
koi bhanwra kab aata hai
murjhaaye phoole pe haaye
koi bhanwra kab aata hai
apne tan ka saaya bhi to
din dhalte chhup jaata hai
koi na dewe saath re ae
kaajal kaali raat re

aaj ye ooncha neela ambar
sulag raha hai angaaron mein aen aen aen
aaj ye ooncha neela ambar
sulag raha hai angaaron mein
yaa mere apne hi aansoo
chhalak rahe hain in taaron mein
bin saawan barsaat re
kaajal kaali raat re


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3707 Post No. : 14633

——————————————————————–
Discussion on economics-2
——————————————————————–
Any Government, no matter what kind it is (Democratic, autocratic, Kingdom etc) needs money to function.

Government incurrs two kinds of expenditures:
1. Mandatory expenditures- on salaries of government staff, pensions of retired staff, debt servicing on loan taken etc.

2. Public administration, law and order, welfare activities, infrastructure development.

Money for all these comes from taxes, and if taxes are not enough, from borrowings (loans). It is desirable that most amount required for government is collected through taxes and not through borrowings.

Government collects money mainly though taxes. If country makes good progress (typically measured as GDP) then the government benefits through tax. But then how much tax gets collected depends on tax structure of a country as well as on the tax compliance of the country.

In general, higher the GDP, one would expect higher amount of tax collection for a country. But two countries with similar GDP can have collection of different amount of taxes. For instance, France and India have similar GDP. But their tax collections and accordingly their national budgets are different.

CIA factbook figures- from 2017 shows that

Comparison parameter India France
GDP (nominal) $ billions 2611 2584
Percentage of Tax collection to GDP 9.4% 56.2 %
Budget- Revenue $ billions 229.3 1446
Budget- Expenditures $ billions 330.3 1515
Budget deficit in % of GDP 4.1 2.7

Thus we see that India and France have similar GDP, but the revenue collected through taxation etc in France is more than 50 % of GDP whereas India was not able to collect even 10 % of GDP as revenue. So the advantage of such a large GDP could not be made use of by Indian Government. This is food for thought for those in India who do not pay taxes or underpay taxes and then blame government for not doing anything/ enough for them. Government can work to fulfill public aspirations only from the money that they receive as revenue. If Indian Government received as much in revenue as France receives then India would develop at an enormous rate and many public “grievances” would get addressed promptly and effectively.

Indians are used to receiving subsidies instead of paying for the goods/ services. While it may make them feel good on short term basis, these subsidies do not come for free. They are far more costly for the national economy that if we simply paid for the service without availing subsidy.

Let me illustrate my point by the example of petroleum prices which is a “burning” issue in India at present. Opposition parties are telling that the government is harrassing public by not reducing oil prices and so the government is anti people.

Let us examine the issue in some detail.

India imports crude oil and then refines it in refineries of oil companies of India. These refined products are then offered at retail outlets for sale. Though GST regime had come in existence in India but petroleum products are so far kept out of its ambit. So Petroleum products have the same old taxes as before namely excise duty which is levied by Central Government on oil companies and VAT which is levied by state governments at sales outlets.

So, the prices of petroleum products in India are determined mostly by taxes namely excise duty and VAT.

We have seen above that the tax collection in India is abysmal. Direct tax (viz Income tax and corporate tax) is paid by just one percent of population whereas indirect taxes (earlier there were so many of them, now just GST is there) traditionally yielded very little because most of indirect taxes were evaded and they never reached the coffers of the government.

Keeping all this in mind, Governments (Central as well as states) have deliberately kept Petroleum products out of GST and the same old taxes have been kept on them. This is one source of revenue, which unlike Income tax and other indirect taxes cannot be evaded and so it forms a very good chunk of revenues for Central as well as states.

If crude price goes up, then domestic prices are raised. If on the other hand, crude prices drop then domestic prices are not lowered. The additional revenue that accrues to governments when prices are low are plowed back into all these infrastructure and welfare works that are taking place all over the country. As long as this tax money is going for nation building and other essential activities then one should not mind it too much.

Let us examine what happens when Government decides to keep the prices of petroleum prices down artificially despite crude price skyrocketing. It basically means giving subsidy of that amount. Money for subsidy has to be raised from somewhere.

Let us examine the populist actions and their repercussions.

Government decides to lower the price by say Rs 10 and so gives a subsidy of Rs 10 per litre namely it reduced excise duty by Rs 10.

From where this Rs 10 will get compensated ? As discussed above, from tax collected, failing which borrowing. We have already seen what poor tax collection we get in India, so that leaves borrowing as the only option.

Steps Government Action Action for compensation Economic/ Market reaction
ONE Give subsidy Take loan to compensate for the loss Current Account Deficit goes up
TWO Borrow money from market Money borrowed from market by Government Fiscal deficit goes up
THREE Revenue earned in future to be used for repaying debt Money that should have been used for infrastructure/ public works going instead towards loan repayment Interest rate goes up
FOUR External trade gets affected adversely Import increases and export falls Trade deficit goes up
FIVE Rupee weakens Import becomes costly Rupee gets devalued
SIX Foreign currency gets stronger Foreign currency becomes costly and scarce Foreign currency reserve falls affecting imports
SEVEN High Fiscal deficit sends adverse signal to FII (Foreign institutional investors) FII withdraw their money Share market falls and market sentiment becomes negative
EIGHT Foreign capital exits the market Foreign capital becomes scarce Growth of economy slows down

I have stopped at step eight. There are other steps as well that becomes more and more catastrophic. Providing subsidy is akin to taking loan and that too a hefty loan and we keep repaying this loan back for many years and even decades. A good part of revenue earned by the government goes into loan repayment instead of going into useful infrastructure/ welfare work.

Giving subsidy instead of charging for it has cost the nation heavily and the public (who themselves demand these subsidies) themselves have to bear the burden in future.

One question that gets asked it, how did the previous government keep petroleum price in check despite high crude price. Answer- by taking the easy way out viz by providing subsidy. The nation and the public paid heavily for it for years.

Here is how it worked out.

One barrel of crude oil was $130. The government became hell bent on keeping the domestic price low. They gave heavy subsidy and compensated by borrowing money in the form of Oil bond. It caused Fiscal Deficit to rise.

That oil subsidy caused fiscal deficit and that led to interest rise, causing slump of business activities, this in turn led to inflation. The credit rating agency Moody threatened to downgrade India’s credit rating which shows that Foreign investors had lost faith in Indian market.

And all that just because of this populist decision of trying to keep the oil price down through subsidy.

One of the present day oil price rise protester, who was on the PM chair at that time, addressed the nation at that time on 4 june 2008 and he had this to say while providing oil subsidy-

“I would like the nation to remember that issuing bonds and loading deficits on oil companies is not a permanent solution to this problem. We are only passing on our burden to our children , who will have to repay this debt.”

So, those who had no guts to stand up in national interest ten years ago are today demanding that the present government show the same spinelessness that they showed during their time in power.

The Oil bond (viz the loan that they took to pay for oil subsidy) was not for a small amount. It was a hefty amount of Rs 2 lakh crore ($26 billions) and it had to be repaid in future. The present Government repaid it out of the foreign exchange reserve. Just imagine ! That previous government left the burden of this $26 billions loan on future governments and future generation of Indians. This amount, which could have financed lots and lots of infrastructure/ welfare works just went away as repayment of unnecessary loan. To put things in perspective, $26 billions is a bigger amount than what a neighboring country, which is in financial dire strait, is desperately looking for from IMF.

So in summary, I would say that the decision not to reduce oil price is in national interest. It is what is Fiscal discipline is all about. I would like all governments to show the same guts in standing firm in national interest. Fiscal discipline has had a salutary effect on Indian economy. Today inflation is down at around 5 % mark from the usual 10 % mark during oil subsidy days. Current Account deficit is 2.4% from a high of around 5 % in the past. Fiscal deficit, which is an indicator of financial health of the nation, is now 3.2 % of GDP (from past figures of 4.5 % of GDP) which is unprecedented for Indian economy. Foreign exchange, despite weakening rupee is at nearly at an all time high. There was a time when India had to approach IMF and had to pledge their gold to them to borrow a sum of $ 2 billions. Today, with a foreign reserve in excess of $400 billions, $2 billions is small change for India.

Squandering public money on populist activities is an act of gross fiscal indiscipline and its consequances can be devastating. There are examples of countries that were destroyed because of populist policies. Argentina, which used to be an advanced economy till 1950 came under the rule of a populist regime and then military dictatorship which destroyed its economy and that economy lies destroyed even today, with that country looking for an IMF bailout package repeatedly, including at present. Then there are other examples as well, viz Greece, Portugal, Ireland, Cyprus etc. Why look at foreign examples. Even Indian economy lay in ruins in 1990 as a result of fiscal indiscipline for three decades, that forced India to approach IMF for bailout in 1991. A nation that felt stung and humiliated before IMF took up the path of liberalization of economy. Some tough and brave decisions by that government and subsequent governments set India on the path of economical recovery and prosperity.

Instead of being misled on trivial issues by people with selfish motives, we should find out real facts about important issues on our own, instead of blindly believing whatsapp forwards that often originate from people with malicious motives. I have seen whatsapp forwards that “informed” us that oil price in India was the highest while is was very low in Pakistan, Nepal etc. The question to be asked is- do you know the condition of public services in Pakistan and Nepal? Pakistan does not have electricity half the time and their electricity tariff is the highest in the world. Their electricity changes are Rs 16 to 20 per unit. In India it is Rs 4 per unit. Are Indians prepared to pay electricity charges that Pakistanis pay ? In India 10000 pairs of trains run daily and a population equal to that of Australia is travelling on IR at any time. In comparison only about 300 trains run in Pakistan and only a population of 1.8 lakh (equal to population of a small town like Khandwa or Ganj Basoda) is travelling in Pakistan Railway in one day. In India, 3.3 lakh people fly by air daily ! In Pakistan only 6600 passengers fly by air in one day. India have the cheapest internet service in the world which is reasonably fast for the price. Many useful services like Railway and airlines reservations, banking services etc are already accessible on internet. Would Indians be ready to have the kind of internet that Pakistanis “enjoy” ? What about law and order ? Providing all these services takes money, and that money comes from taxes. If you provide petrol at subsidised prices that Pakistan and Nepal apparently do then you end up starving your public services with the result that your public services are of poor quality and/ or non existent.

India should compare themselves with China and there we find that the Chinese petroleum prices are similar to Indian prices.

I, as someone who has as much a stake as anyone else in the country, including politicians, would like all my governments to stand firm and gradually dismantle all subsidies. I would also want the tax collections in the country to come at par with advanced countries. All advanced countries collect atleast 25 to 30 % of their GDP as taxes and that is how they are able to finance their government spendings through taxes without needing to take loans. People not paying their taxes and expecting government to give them freebies/ subsidies, that can only be counterproductive. People who do not perform their duties should not expect any free favours. Nothing is free in this world. Someone has to pay for the services that some people may be availing for free or at subsidised rates. It is better if everyone pays for the services he /she is availing.

In brief, one has to make “sacrifices” if one wants to have a better and more prosperous future. If one looks around, one can see infrastructure works going on all around in areas like roadways, railways, ports, waterways, metros, Airports. Then there are welfare works like Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana, Ujjawala, Ujaala, Jan Dhan Yojna, Pradhan Mantri M Jan Aushadhi Kendra etc. If taxes paid by us in various forms (including taxes on petroleum) are going for building infrastructure as well as for helping the poor sections of society, then where is the problem. I in fact would feel happy that my taxes are helping the nation grow visibly. What is there to feel aggrieved about ?

Instead of feeling aggrieved about petroleum prices that are not within our control because they are imported, we should on our own try to reduce our dependence on fossil fuel and look for alternative sources of energy that would be within our own control. Government is making long term plans to reduce our dependence on fossil fuel. We may not have notice it, but solar energy is being aggressively promoted. India is rich is sunlight and so we will be self sufficient in solar energy. Today it may only be supplying 2 % of our energy needs, but before we blink our eyes, we will find as much as 50 % of our energy needs being met by solar energy by 2030. That will reduce our dependence on fossil fuel a great deal and oil prices will become a non issue.

“Durga Pooja”(1954) produced by Dhirubhai Desai and his son Sharad Desai and directed by Dhirubhai Desai for Sharad productions, Bombay. The film had Trilok Kapoor, Shahu Modak, Nirupa Roy, S N Tripathi, Kamal, Indira Bansal, Prabha Shanker, Yashodhara Katju etc in it.

The movie had ten songs in it. Two songs have been covered in the past. Here is the third song from “Durga Pooja”(1954) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Asha Bhonsle. Bharat Vyas is the lyricist. Music is composed by S N Tripathi.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of the song.

I have not been able to get a few words correct in the lyrics. I request our readers with keener ears to help fill in the blanks/ suggest corrections as applicable.


Song-Mera ho balidaan (Durga Pooja)(1954) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-S N Tripathi

Lyrics

mera ho balidaan
mera ho balidaan
mera ho balidaan
mera ho balidaan
mere jeewan ke badle mein
miley kisi ko praan
mera ho balidaan
mera ho balidaan

uthho sakhi mere aansu
ro ro kar tumhen uthhaayen
aaj tumhaare charnon par
ye apne praan chadhaayen
sakhi ko miley suhaag amar
aur mera ho balidaan
mera ho balidaan
mera ho balidaan
mera ho balidaan

pati ke dukh mein dukhi rahe
wo bharat ki sannaari
swaami ko jeewan de wo
ji uthhe raajkumari
iski maut mujhe
mera jeewan ho is ko daan
mera ho balidaan
mera ho balidaan
mera ho balidaan

sachhi meri prem saadhna
sachhi pati Vrat??
sachha mera prem(??) agar hai
sachhi pati sang preet
sachhi hai yadi durga maiyya
to mujhko ye var de
pati sewa ke badle
meri ?? ko kar de
hey jagdambey hey ambey
do yahi mujhe vardaan
mera ho balidaaan
mera ho balidaaan
mera ho balidaaan


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3706 Post No. : 14631

“Dost”(1954) was produced was Kuldip Sehgal and directed by Rajendra Sharma for Kuldip Pictures Limited, Bombay. The movie had Usha Kiran, Suresh, Majnu, Randheer, Ramesh Thakur, Khairati, Uma Dutt, Kammo, Mohana, S Kapoor, S Nazeer etc in it.

The movie had seven songs in it. Five songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the sixth song from “Dost”(1954) to appear in the blog. HFGK is silent about the singer of the song. It is clear that the song is sung by Lata (though there appears to be another female voice in it) alongwith chorus. Butaram Sharma is the lyricist. Music is composed by Hansraj Bahl.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of the song.


Song-Sharaab e ishq jaati hai pilaayi pi nahin jaati(Dost)(1954) Singer-Lata, Lyrics-Butaram Sharma, MD-Hansraj Bahl
Chorus

Lyrics

sharaab-e-ishq jaati hai pilaayi
pi nahin jaati
aa aa
sharaab e
sharaab-e-ishq jaati hai pilaayi
pi nahin jaati
ye ho jaati hai apne aap
ulfat ki nahin jaati
ye ho jaati hai apne aap
ulfat ki nahin jaati

meri aankhon mein usne
pyaar se jab daal di aankhen
aa aa aa
nigaahon mein hi dil ki baat
dil se kah gayi aankhen
hai dekhi humne jis din se
iski shabnami aankhen
aa aa aa
usi din se humaari
intzaari mein lagi aankhen
tamanna preet ki aji haan
tamanna preet ki
tamanna preet ki aji haan tamanna preet ki

haan tamanna preet ki
phir se khadi bhugti nahin jaati
ye ho jaati hai apne aap
ulfat ki nahin jaati
ye ho jaati hai apne aap
ulfat ki nahin jaati


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3690 Post No. : 14600

हम हाल ए दिल सुनाएँगे, सुनिए के ना सुनिए
सौ बार मुस्कुराएंगे, सुनिए के ना सुनिए॰ ॰ ॰

Or
मुझको अपने गले लगा लो ए मेरे हमराही॰ ॰ ॰

Or
मेरे आंसुओं पे ना मुस्कुरा, कई ख़्वाब थे जो मचल गए॰ ॰ ॰

Or maybe
दीप के संग जलूँ मैं॰ ॰ ॰

Or maybe even
निगाहों से दिल में चले आइयेगा॰ ॰ ॰

And but why not
कभी तनहाईओं में यूं, हमारी याद आएगी॰ ॰ ॰

If I start listing favorites, then it will take a long time to get to the matter of the subject. Ah yes, the songs listed above clearly point to the artist this article is about. The songs listed are iconic as well as popular hits. When she recorded “Kabhi Tanhaai’on Mein. . .”, and her father listened to it for the first time, his prophetic reaction was that this song is going to remain in popular memory for generations. And these words are so true for so many of her other songs, if the above sampler is anything to go by. Going beyond the barriers of time and space, her songs continue to enchant and touch listeners and lovers of this music, across the world.

Yes, there is something about this voice – something so special that the emotion descends right down into the being and reach the soul. A voice that is soft like the first beams of the rising sun, that is fresh like the petals of a newly blossomed flower, that carries the brightness of a velvety full moon, that is gentle like the humming of the unhurried breeze of early morning, that carries within a perceptible tinge of a soothing pathos, signaling a touch of sadness that simply engulfs your heart when the words play “. . .tum ko kya batlaaun main, ke tumse kitna pyaar hai”. The emotions makes the heart overflow with a tender fondness of love, while at the same time you feel you can’t hold back your tears for the beseeching pleas from the heart.

That is the magic of her voice, that keeps bringing me back to her songs, over and over again. The tinge of sadness is evident even in the lilting songs of happiness, as if expressing the imperative emotion acknowledging the frailty of existence and the ephemeral passing of the moments of joy – a fleeting this and a fleeting that, and soon the life is done with. That despondency that always sits low at the bottom edge of the voice, is what makes it so endearing.

Mubarak Begum – an artist, an uneducated, unlettered artist, who struggled throughout her career, both to make a mark and to make ends meet at home – was the owner of this contented combination of ecstasy and sadness. A voice that will never be forgotten so long as there is a needle that can be placed on shellac.

Arriving at the 14 thousandth and 6 hundredth station of this remarkable journey that has lasted for over a decade now, we also combine the celebration with a century of songs for this remarkable, remarkably underrated and incredibly ignored artist. In an active career that lasted for a little over three decades – of which the last decade was a pitiful smattering of singing assignments, few and far between – she did not even get to a 200 song mark, despite the fact that she recorded the type of superlative gems that are sampled above.

She was born on 4th January in 1940, at Jhunjhunu in Churu district of Rajasthan. Her mother’s name was Chand Bibi. When she was born, a learned person associated with the family said that she has taken birth under very auspicious planetary conjunctions, and suggested that the child should be named ‘Mubarak’.

Her father was a lorry driver. She was one of five siblings. Her voice was tuneful and her singing was impressive from her early years. The family moved when she was just a child, to Ahmedabad. Her father arranged for her tutelage in classical music under the guidance of Ustad Abdul Karim Khan and Ustad Riyaazudin Khan. After spending her childhood in Ahemdabad, she moved once again with family to Bombay. The burden of the family and its economic frailty did not allow Mubarak to attend school. She could read a little, and not write much. It is said that in later years, when she would go for recordings, she would commit the song and its renditions into memory during the rehearsals, and would sing from memory when the recording happened.

In circumstances not clear, she was introduced to Rafiq Ghazanvi, and impressed as he was with her singing, he called her for an audition and recording. Appearing in a recording studio for the first time, encircled by a large number of people she was unfamiliar with, and standing in front of the mike, ready to render a piece, she lost her nerve and no sound came from her. She left the recording studio in this extreme stage fright. The incident was repeated once again, this time for a recording session for a film produced by Ram Daryani. Given that her first successful recordings is from 1949, these failed attempts would be in the time frame of 1948-49.

Then in 1949, producer and actor Yakub gave her a chance to sing for his film ‘Aaiye’. This first successful recording was “Mohe Aane Lagi Angdaai Re”. Her singing was impressive and the word started to go around. Hansraj Behl invited her to sing 6 songs in the 1951 film ‘Phoolon Ke Haar’. Jamaal Sen called her to sing for him in 1953 – the film was ‘Daaera’. It is said that producer Kamaal Amrohi was so possessive of his film, and also very proud of its music and songs, that at a meeting of distributors, he was reluctant to show the film, but readily agreed to share the music and the songs.

In 1955, when ‘Devdas’ was under preparation, Sachin Da (SD Burman) called her over to sing the soulful ghazal of Sahir Sb – “Wo Na Aayenge Palat Kar. . .”. Bimal Roy, the producer and director was summarily impressed by her singing. Then in 1957 – recording of the mujra song for ‘Madhumati’ – “Hum Haal e Dil Sunaayenge. . .”.  Originally this was supposed to be a brief shot with just one she’er – “Tumhaara Dil Mere Dil Ke Muqaabil Ho Nahin Sakta. . .”, and just this one couplet and the next the couplet were recorded. On hearing the recording, Bimal Roy was so enchanted that he told Salil Chaudhry to make this a full song. And so, Shailendra was asked to write more and complete this ghazal (which incidentally based on certain references, is partly borrowed from the famous poet Daagh Dehlavi). So the part song was recreated as a full song and Mubarak Begum was called in for the recording once again.

The episode of ‘Hamaari Yaad Aayegi’ (1961) and the song “Kabhi Tanhaai’on Mein Yun. . .” is well known. Lata was the original choice of the producer Kedar Sharma and music director Snehal Bhatkar. But when an ego clash happened based on certain exchange between the producer and the singer, Kedar Sb replace Lata with Mubarak Begum, instead of giving in. The recording and the rendition – well, rest is history. This song became the signature recognition of the artist forever.

But this episode also possibly created a certain animosity between the singers. This, and then maybe the next major similar face-off between the two – when Shankar Jaikishan called in Mubarak Begum to record the wonderful hit song “Mujhko Apne Galey Laga Lo. . .” for the film ‘Hamraahi’ (1963), in a period when Lata was refusing to sing with Rafi Sb. It is Mubarak Begum’s claim (which she also mentioned to me in a private conversation) that she was systematically singled out to be sidelined by pressurizing producers and music directors. She has gone on record to state that there are instances (films ‘Jab Jab Phool Khile’ and ‘Kaajal’ both from 1965) when songs originally recorded in her voice were later on replaced by newer recordings in a different voice.

For an artist already from an economically weak origins, such bias and prejudice wrought havoc with her personal situations. Fate dealt her some very difficult cards in her life. Her husband abandoned her quite early, and vanished without a trace. Her daughter was diagnosed with Parkinsons at a very early age. With just a handful of recordings in the 70s and then almost no assignments after that, it can be easily surmised as to the difficult years she spent in her advancing age. At one time, with the help of some industry friends and with the intervention of Sunil Dutt, who was active in politics and a minister in the govt. for some time, she was given a small flat in Jogeshwari area of Bombay, and a monthly pension of Rs 3,000 was allocated. In 2008, the Films Division prepared a biopic-documentary on her life, which was screened first time at the International Film Festival in Goa that year.

She passed away on 18th July, 2016.

In 2011, a program was held in Delhi, at which she performed live, some of her most famous songs, plus some songs at the request of the audience. After the performance, AK ji (of Songs Of Yore) and I went backstage to have a brief private conversation with her. She was weak and needed help to even get up and walk. We talked for about fifteen minutes – she had complaints about the industry, as to how she was treated, and how her assignments were changed, even after recordings that were approved for release. A sad end to a difficult life of such gifted artist.

For the century celebrations of Mubarak Begum, I have picked this gem of a lilting rendition from ‘Daak Babu’ – a film from 1954. Listening to this song, I was surprised to see that this song is not already showcased on our blog. Such a beautiful song – lovely words, sweet melody and such lovely rendition – how this song has escaped the attention of listeners is a surprise. The song writer is Prem Dhawan and the music is composed by Dhaniram.

Anyway, we have it up now on our blog, and for your listening pleasure. Centuries and centuries have come and passed. And many more are still awaited. Congratulations to Atul ji and all the band-wagoneers. Enjoy this enchanting song of first love.

Song – Ik Pardesi Mann Bhaaya, Mere Mann Bhaaya  (Daak Babu) (1954) Singer – Mubarak Begum, Lyrics – Prem Dhawan, MD – Dhaniram

Lyrics

ik pardesi mann bhaaya
mere mann
mere mann bhaaya ri
usey apna kahoon ya sapna
ho usey apna kahoon ya sapna

akhian mein aan samaaya
jo aan
jo aan samaaya ri
usey apna kahoon ya sapna
ho usey apna kahoon ya sapna

mann boley ye teri bhool hai
mann boley
mann boley ye teri bhool hai
tu un charnon ki dhool hai
tu un charnon ki dhool hai
par mujhko samajh na aaya
samajh na
samajh na aaya ri
usey apna kahoon ya sapna
ho usey apna kahoon ya sapna

oo oo oo oo oo oo
oo oo oo
main aaj sambhal na paaun ri
main aaj
main aaj sambhal na paaun ri
main jhoomon ri balkhaaun ri
main jhoomon ri balkhaaun ri
kis ne ye jaadu jagaaya
ye jaadu
ye jaadu jagaaya ri
usey apna kahoon ya sapna
ho usey apna kahoon ya sapna

oo oo oo oo oo oo
oo oo oo
mera un sang itna naata ri
mera un sang
mera un sang itna naata ri
unhen dekhe mann khil jaata ri
unhen dekhe mann khil jaata ri
jisey dekh jiya lehraaya
ke jiyaraa
ke jiya lehraaya ri
usey apna kahoon ya sapna
ho usey apna kahoon ya sapna

ik pardesi mann bhaaya
mere mann
mere mann bhaaya ri
usey apna kahoon ya sapna
ho usey apna kahoon ya sapna

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

इक परदेसी मन भाया
मेरे मन
मेरे मन भाया री
उसे अपना कहूँ या सपना
हो उसे अपना कहूँ या सपना

अखियन में आन समाया
जो आन
जो आन समाया री
उसे अपना कहूँ या सपना
हो उसे अपना कहूँ या सपना

मन बोले ये तेरी भूल है
मन बोले
मन बोले ये तेरी भूल है
तू उन चरणों की धूल है
तू उन चरणों की धूल है
पर मुझको समझ ना आया
समझ ना
समझ ना आया री
उसे अपना कहूँ या सपना
हो उसे अपना कहूँ या सपना

ओ ओ ओ ओ ओ ओ
ओ ओ ओ
मैं आज संभाल ना पाऊँ री
मैं आज
मैं आज संभाल ना पाऊँ री
मैं झूमूँ री बलखाऊँ री
मैं झूमूँ री बलखाऊँ री
किसने ये जादू जगाया
ये जादू
ये जादू जगाया री
उसे अपना कहूँ या सपना
हो उसे अपना कहूँ या सपना

ओ ओ ओ ओ ओ ओ
ओ ओ ओ
मेरा उन संग इतना नाता री
मेरा उन संग
मेरा उन संग इतना नाता री
उन्हें देखे मन खिल जाता री
उन्हें देखे मन खिल जाता री
जिसे देख जिया लहराया
के जियरा
के जिया लहराया री
उसे अपना कहूँ या सपना
हो उसे अपना कहूँ या सपना

इक परदेसी मन भाया
मेरे मन
मेरे मन भाया री
उसे अपना कहूँ या सपना
हो उसे अपना कहूँ या सपना


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3684 Post No. : 14588

“Samrat” (1954) was directed by Najam Naqvi for Filmistan, Bombay. The movie had Ajit, Rehana, D.K.Sapru, Ram Singh, Kamlesh Kumari, Minoo Mumtaz, Randhir, Mumtaz Ali, Rajan Haksar, Srinath, S.L.Puri etc in it.

The movie had nine songs in it. Eight songs have been covered in the past. Here are the details of these songs:-

Song Title

Post No.

Post Date

Ye khaamoshiyaan ye samaa Multiple version song 6086 16-Jun-12
Meri dam bhar na paapan aankh lagi 6491 21-Aug-12
Sabko mubaarak naya saal 7301 1-Jan-13
Duniya se kya karen wafa 8890 26-Oct-13
Jaan dena aashiqon ka kaam hai 12643 2-Dec-16
Dam bhar na sambhalne de karwat na badalne de 14414 11-Jun-18
Gora bhi achcha kaala bhi achcha 14420 13-Jun-18

Here is the ninth and final song from “Samrat” (1954) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Asha Bhonsle and chorus. Rajinder Krishan is the lyricist. Music is composed by Hemant Kumar.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song. It sounds like a club dance song.

With this song, “Samrat” (1954) joins the list of movies that have all their songs covered in the blog.


Song-Shabaab hi shabaab hai ye raat laajawaab hai (Samraat)(1954) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Rajinder Krishan, MD-Hemant Kumar
Chorus

Lyrics

aa aa
aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa
o o o o
o o o o

shabaab hi shabaab hai
ye raat laajawaab hai
husn hai hijaab mein
ishq be-naqaab hai

idhar udhar yahaan wahaan
hain mastiyon ke kaarwaan
hain mastiyon ke kaarwaan
umad rahi hain badliyaan
chamak rahi hain bijliyaan
chamak rahi hain bijliyaan
nazar nazar sawaal hai
nazar nazar jawaab hai
aa aa
aa aa
aa aa aa aa

shabaqb hi shabaqb hai
ye raat laajawaab hai
husn hai hijaab mein
ishq be-naqaab hai

kadam kadam pe hai nasha
kisi ko kuchh nahin pata
kisi ko kuchh nahin pata
wo kaun thha kidhar gaya
abhi abhi jo paas thha
abhi abhi jo paas thha
ajeeb si ye neend hai
ajeeb sa ye khwaab hai
aa aa
aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa aa

shabaab hi shabaab hai
ye raat laajawaab hai
husn hai hijaab mein
ishq be-naqaab hai

koi kisi pe mar mita
koi kisi ka ho gaya
koi kisi ka ho gaya
hai ishq ke muaamle
jo pa gaya so kho gaya
jo pa gaya so kho gaya
hisaab ki na poochhiye
ye baat behisaab hai
aa aa
aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa aa
shabaab hi shabaab hai
ye raat laajawaab hai
husn hai hijaab mein
ishq be-naqaab hai
shabaab hi shabaab hai
ye raat laajawaab hai
husn hai hijaab mein
ishq be-naqaab hai


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(© 2008 - 2018) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has exactly 14800 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3800 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

14800

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1155
Total Number of movies covered =4046

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Active for more than 4000 days.

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