Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘1954


This article is written by Avinash Scrapwala, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4996 Post No. : 16892

Today 23rd March, 2022 is the ninety-second Martyrdom Day of the great revolutionary of India, Bhagat Singh and his two comrades – Sukhdev and Rajguru. Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, and Rajguru were hanged to death on 23rd March, 1931 by the then British Government in India. Every year on 23rd March we pay our tributes to these great martyrs on blog.

There have been several movies made on Bhagat Singh’s life and sacrifice in our film industry during the last seventy-five years. And, I think, almost all of them have been represented on the blog so far. Today we are going to listen a song from the 1954 movie ‘Shaheed e Azam Bhagat Singh’.

This movie was directed by Jagdish Gautam for Poonam Productions, Bombay. It had Prem Adeeb, Smriti Biswas, Ashita Muzumdar, Jairaj, Kukku, Johnny Walker, Amirbai Karnataki, H Prakash, Maya Devi, Ramlal, Lal Khan, Shah Agha, Madan Khanna, Samar Chatterjee, Ravikant, Anita Bose, BB Mukherjee, Randeep Chopra, AK Jain, Master Arjun and others. The movie was passed by Censor Board on 24.03.1954.

The movie has five songs which are written by two songwriters. Two songs are written by Sahir Chandpuri, and one song by Shaukat Pardesi. A fourth song is the legendary creation by another great revolutionary Ramprasad Bismil – “Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna Ab Hamaare Dil Mein Hai”. The fifth song listed for this film is a bhajan for which name of the songwriter is not given. Music for this movie was composed by Lachchhiram.

Here is the list of the songs included in this movie.

Sl. No. Song Title Singers Lyricist Posted On
01 Nazar Ki Chot Jo Dil Pe Khaa Nahin Sakte Shamshad Begam Sahir Chandpuri
02 Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna Ab Hamaare Dil Mein Hai Mohd Rafi, Chorus Ramprasad Bismil 09.08.2016
03 Aakaash Ke Aanchal Mein Sitaara Hi Rahega Mohd Rafi, Unknown voices, chorus Shaukat Pardesi
04 Sambhaalo, Sambhaalo, Zaraa Apne Dil Ko Shamshad Begam Sahir Chandpuri
05 Mera Rusey Na Bansari Waala Meena Kapoor (?)* Not known

Note: In the footnote for this movie page HFGK mentions Meena Kapoor, Shamshad Begam and Mohd Rafi as singers for the songs in this movie. So far only one song from this movie – “Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna Ab Hamaare Dil Mein Hai” – has been posted on the blog and that was on 09.08.2016.

Today’s song is sung by Mohd Rafi and chorus and lyrics are written by Shaukat Pardesi. Only the audio of this song seems to be available as of now.

Let us listen to the today’s patriotic song and remember the many who laid down their lives during the freedom struggle of our country. After listening to the song, one can guess that the song must be happening in protest of the Simon Commission, in the movie. I would request knowledgeable readers to throw more light on the songs and the movie.

Song – Aakash Ke Aanchal Mein Sitaara Hi Rahega (Shaheed e Azam Bhagat Singh) (1954) Singer – Mohammed Rafi, Lyrics – Shaukat Pardesi, MD – Lachhiram
Unidentified Male Voice
Female Chorus
All Chorus

Lyrics

akaash ke aanchal mein sitaara hi rahega
ye desh hamaara hai
hamaara hi rahega

akaash ke aanchal mein sitaara hi rahega
ye desh hamaara hai
hamaara hi rahega

dharti ki har ik boond se akaash hila do o
akaash hilaa do
bharat ki ye soyi huyi taqdeer jagaa do
taqdeer jagaa do
jis khet se dahqaan ko na rozi ho mayassar
us khet ke har khosha e gandum ko jalaa do o

inquilaab
zindaabaad
inquilaab
zindaabaad

us khet ke har khosha e gandum ko jalaa do
toofaan ka anjaam kinaara hi rahega
o o o o o o o o o
toofaan ka anjaam kinaara hi rahega
aa aa aa aa aa aa aa aa
ye desh hamaaraa hai
hamaaraa hi rahega
aakaash ke aanchal mein sitaara hi rahega
ye desh hamaara hai
hamaara hi rahega

is desh mein niklegi na sahib ki sawaari ee
sahib ki sawaari
is desh mein niklegi na sahib ki sawaari
simon waapas jaao
simon waapas jaao
dhanwaan ke tukdon ko na tarsenge bhikhaari
dhanwaan ke tukdon ko na tarsenge bhikhaari
simon se ye kehdo ke na takraaye wo hum se
simon se ye kehdo ke na takraaye wo hum se
tadbeer ke haathon mein hai taqdeer hamaari ee

inquilaab
zindaabaad
inquilaab
zindaabaad

tadbeer ke haathon mein hai taqdeer hamaari
mazdoor ke seene mein sharaara hi rahega
o o o o o o o o
mazdoor ke seene mein sharaara hi rahega
aa aa aa aa aa aa aa aa
ye desh hamaara hai
hamaara hi rahega
aakaash ke aanchal mein sitaara hi rahega
ye desh hamaara hai
hamaara hi rahega

aakaash ke aanchal mein sitaara hi rahega
ye desh hamaaraa hai
hamaaraa hi rahega

hamaaraa hi rahega
hamaaraa hi rahega
(hamaaraa hi rahega..aa..aa..aa)
hamaaraa hi rahega
hamaaraa hi rahega

————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
————————————————

आकाश के आँचल में सितारा ही रहेगा
ये देश हमारा है
हमारा ही रहेगा

आकाश के आँचल में सितारा ही रहेगा
ये देश हमारा है
हमारा ही रहेगा

धरती की हर एक बूंद से आकाश हिला दो
आकाश हिला दो
भारत की ये सोई हुई तक़दीर जगा दो
तक़दीर जगा दो
जिस खेत से दाहकान को ना रोज़ी हो मयस्सर
उस खेत के हर खोशा ए गन्धम को जला दो

इन्क़लाब
जिंदबाद
इन्क़लाब
जिंदबाद

उस खेत के हर खोशा ए गन्धम को जला दो
तूफान का अंजाम किनारा ही रहेगा
ओ ओ ओ ओ ओ ओ
तूफान का अंजाम किनारा ही रहेगा
आ आ आ आ आ आ
ये देश हमारा है
हमारा ही रहेगा
आकाश के आँचल में सितारा ही रहेगा
ये देश हमारा है
हमारा ही रहेगा

इस देश में निकलेगी ना साहिब की सवारी
साहिब की सवारी
इस देश में निकलेगी ना साहिब की सवारी
साइमन वापस जाओ
साइमन वापस जाओ
धनवान के टुकड़ों को ना तरसेंगे भिखारी
धनवान के टुकड़ों को ना तरसेंगे भिखारी
साइमन से ये कह दो के वो टकराए ना हमसे
साइमन से ये कह दो के वो टकराए ना हमसे
तदबीर के हाथों में है तक़दीर हमारी

इन्क़लाब
जिंदबाद
इन्क़लाब
जिंदबाद

तदबीर के हाथों में है तक़दीर हमारी
मजदूर के सीने में शरारा ही रहेगा
ओ ओ ओ ओ ओ ओ
मजदूर के सीने में शरारा ही रहेगा
आ आ आ आ आ आ
ये देश हमारा है
हमारा ही रहेगा
आकाश के आँचल में सितारा ही रहेगा
ये देश हमारा है
हमारा ही रहेगा

आकाश के आँचल में सितारा ही रहेगा
ये देश हमारा है
हमारा ही रहेगा

हमारा ही रहेगा
हमारा ही रहेगा
(हमारा ही रहेगा॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आ)
हमारा ही रहेगा
हमारा ही रहेगा


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4993 Post No. : 16888

———————————————–—————————————
Blog 10-Year Challenge (2012-2022) – Song No. 33
————————————————————————————–

This date ten years ago, viz 20 March 2022 saw as many as six songs from six different movies getting covered. Here are the details:-

Blog post number Song Movie (Year) Remarks
5660 Ghabra ke jo ham sar ko Mahal(1949) Movie YIPPEED by now
5661 Manzil to hai badi door Bhai Sahab(1954) 7 songs covered out of 10 by now
5662 Mausam e bahaar yaar Sargam (1950) Movie YIPPEED by now
5663 Pad gaye jhoole saawan rut aayi re Bahu Begam(1967) Movie YIPPEED by now
5664 Main to baanke nainon waali Chhoomantar(1956) Movie YIPPEED by now
5665 Main teri Heer hoon teri taqdeer hoon Raftaar(1975) Movie YIPPEED by now

Five movies (out of six) whose songs were discussed on that date have since been YIPPEED. That leaves us with just one movie that is not yet YIPPEED and so is eligible for blog ten year chllenge today (20 March 2022).

That movie is “Bhai Sahab”(1954). It was directed by Ravindra Dave for Pancholi Productions, Bombay. The movie had C.H.Atma, Purnima, Smriti Bishwas, Ratan Kumar, Jagdeep etc in it.

The movie had ten songs in it. seven songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the eighth song from “Bhai Sahab”(1954) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by C H Atma. Shailendra is the lyricist. Music is composed by Ninu Majumdar.

Only the audio of the song is available. It is clear that the song was picturised on C H atma himself who was a die hard K L Saigal follower and this movie was his attempt to keep making movies in K L Saigal style. Hindi movies by that time had moved on from Saigal era. It was the last such movie with K l Saigal style songs.

Lyrics of this song were sent to me by Prakashchandra.


Song-Duniya tere rang niraale (Bhai Sahab)(1954) Singer-C H Atma, Lyrics-Shailendra, MD-Ninu Majumdar

Lyrics(Provided by Prakashchandra)

tere rang niraaley
duniyaa..aa tere rang niraaley
apni buraayee dekh sakey na aa aa
apni buraayee dekh sakey naa
auron ke dosh nikaaley
duniyaa aa tere rang niraaley

hamrey sukh mein aen sog manaayein aen aen aen
hamrey sukh mein aen sog manaayein
dukh mein dekhey tamaashaa aa aayye
dukh mein dekhey tamaashaa aa aan..aa
aastheen mein chhupke baithhey
dasney waaley ???
dasney waaley ??
duniyaa..aa tere rang niraaley
duniyaa..aa tere rang niraaley

mann mein aag nain mein aansoon
phir bhi hansnaa howey aey ae aey
phir bhi hansnaa howey ae
raaton ke sooney aanchal mein
premee kaa mann rowey
taaron kaa dil baithhaa jaaye
taaron kaa dil baithhaa jaaye
aah bharey ae andhiyaarey
duniyaa aa tere rang niraaley
duniyaa aa tere rang niraaley


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4988 Post No. : 16878

Today we have a 2-part song from the film Guzara-1954.

The film was made by Aina pictures-owned by S.M.Yusuf. The film was produced and directed by S.M.Yusuf himself. he also did a small role in this film- the only film role he ever did in his film career. There were 3 lyricists- Raja Mehdi Ali Khan (5 songs), Fauk Jami (2 songs) and Munir Lucknowi (1 song) for the film’s 8 songs. Music Director was Ghulam Mohammad.

I have not seen this film. However, from what I have learnt about the film from various sources is that , the film was based on the life of a middle class family who finds it difficult to run the family in the limited income that the family had. The story concluded that mental happiness with our own people is the greatest happiness compared to rich living ! A typical Nehruvian philosophy- very popular in those times. Even big filmmakers like Mehboob Khan were also sold on this ideology. These were the days of rationing and shortages, increasing corruption and black marketing. The common man was broken in pieces but was fed the socialistic wine to keep him quiet !

The cast of the film was Karan Dewan, Paro, Jabeen jalil, Chand Burke, Baby Naaz, Romi, Tiwari, Balam and many others. This was the film in which actress Jabeen Jalil made her Debut.

In the early days of cinema, people joined the film industry for various reasons like…
1) joining filmline did not need any special skill
2) language, religion, education was not a consideration
3) need to earn
4) readiness to do any work

As the Talkie film era started, the requirements changed. For acting, one needed the ability to speak Hindi/Urdu fluently. A reasonably good looking personality and knowledge of singing were additional qualifications. For other technical departments, readiness to do hard work and a will to learn were required. During this phase many girls from singing families (read Tawaifs) were preferred and for them entry into films was easier compared to others. Many girls joined the filmline to get a good husband and settle as a housewife with dignity. Thus many Gujarati Sethiyas married actresses.

There was a very small but distinct category of artistes, who joined films as a “time pass’ or a passion for a short period. These artistes had no intention to continue in the film line.Their interests were varied and different from only doing work in films. included in this category were Classical singers like Manik Varma, Hirabai badodekar, Ram Marathe, Phiroz Dastoor, actresses like Shakuntala Paranjpye, Vasanti, Renuka Devi etc, writers like Dewan Sharar, Lyricists like Moti,B.A., MD like Mukund Rai Trivedi, actors like Kaycee Mehra, Shashi Kapoor Sr. etc, classical instrument players like Ravi Shankar, Pannalal Ghosh, Alla Rakha, Ali Akbar khan etc.

Nevertheless 99% of people joined because they needed to earn money. In the cast of today’s film Guzara-54, you see a name Jabeen Jalil. She is one such artiste who needed to earn money. Jabeen Jalil was a short petite but attractive actress.She was born on 1st April 1936 in Delhi, but was educated in Japan and Bombay, as her father was in foreign services of India.

She used to take part in college dramas and in one such drama the judges were Nigar Sultana and her director husband S.M.Yusuf. They offered her a film as a Heroine. Jabeen’s father had expired and only mother and younger brother were there. She accepted the offer. Her first film was Guzara in 1954. Her second film in 55 was Lutera. Her first hero was Karan Dewan and second was Nasir khan.
She became famous in New Delhi-56, in the role of Kishore’s sister Nikki’s role. She acted in 29 films, out of which 6 were unreleased. She also acted in 4 Punjabi films. She got a National award in 1962 for a Punjabi film in which her Hero was Prem Chopra.
She married Ashok Kak, a kashmiri Brahmin in 1968 and she did her last movie in 1974 Vachan. In 1989 they went to the US for 10 years and came back to Mumbai.Her son Divvij Kak is also an actor and Jabeen became a producer with Jabeen International.
She lives in Dadar, Mumbai nowadays.

Jabeen was a very short, thin and small frame girl. Some other actresses like her were Nimmi, Chand Usmani,and Smriti Biswas who all always looked like young girls.

The Hero of the film was Karan Dewan.

In Hindi films, there have been three actors who were very handsome and very lucky but zero in acting – Karan Dewan, Pradeep Kumar and Bharat Bhushan. They all appeared in leading roles opposite all leading actresses of their times. They had the best films, best songs and best roles. Karan Dewan had about 25 Silver Jubilees to his credit and was considered a lucky star. Bharat Bhushan had the most musical films to his credit like ‘Baiju Bawra’ (1952), ‘Shabaab’ (1954) and ‘Mirza Ghalib’ (1954) etc. Pradeep Kumar had ‘Anarkali’ (1953) and ‘Taj Mahal’ (1963).

All three had their brothers producing films for them. Gemini Dewan made films for Karan Dewan, R Chandra made films for Bharat Bhushan and Kalidas for Pradeep Kumar. Unfortunately, in later years, all three lost everything and died in poverty and neglectful anonymity. Karan Dewan was a manager with BR Chopra’s production company. When he died no one came for his funeral except for Chandrashekhar and Manmohan Krishan from the Cine Artists Association. Bharat Bhushan worked as a watchman in a film studio, in his last days. Even he died unsung and only the men from the Association were present at the cremation.

Pradeep Kumar’s case is the saddest. He lay seriously ill in the ICU of a Calcutta nursing home, abandoned by his relatives. The hospital was not discharging unless the bills were paid. Luckily one Mr. Pradeep Kondaliya, an estate agent, recognised him, despite his grown beard. He paid the huge outstanding bill of the hospital and took Pradeep Kumar to his home, where he passed away after a few days. He was cremated by his fan. Such is the film industry – cruel and ruthless, where the recognition lasts only till one is successful.

Dewan Karan Chopra aka Karan Dewan ( 6-11-1917 to 2-8-1979 ) youngest of three brothers, was born at Gujranwala, Punjab (now in Pakistan), British India. He studied in Lahore, where he became interested in Journalism and started editing a film magazine in Urdu, Jagat Lakshmi. One of the local distributors he met was Tarachand Barjatya, who was then the Manager of Chandanmal Inder Kumar’s distribution office at Lahore. Through his connection with Barjatya he landed in Calcutta, and in 1939, made his acting debut as Puran in the Punjabi feature film Puran Bhagat

Dewan started his film career with the role of Puran in Puran Bhagat in Punjabi in 1939 in Calcutta. It was produced by Raisaheb Sukhlal Karnani and directed by Roop K. Shorey’s father R. L. Shorey. His second film Mera Maahi (1941) was also a Punjabi film, directed by Shankar Mehta at Lahore and starring Ragini and Manorama. This was the movie in which he sang songs for the first time in the movies under the baton of legendary music director Shyam Sunder. Later, in Rattan, he sang for the first time in Hindi movies for Naushad. B R Chopra, then working as a film journalist in Lahore, helped Karan Dewan to get in touch with Devika Rani, who invited Dewan to come to Bombay. When this did not help Dewan get films, he taught “Urdu pronunciation to actors and actresses”.

In 1944, Karan Dewan acted in Rattan, a musical romantic drama, directed by M. Sadiq, which became one of the most popular films of that year. “A tremendous hit”, it paired Dewan with Swarnalata. His decisive film was Rattan (1944), which was produced by his brother Jaimini Diwan, and this movie turned out to be the biggest hit of 1944. He also sang songs in this movie under music director Naushad, and his song “Jab Tum Hi Chale Pardes” became popular. He sang in films such as Piya Ghar Aaja (1947), Mitti Ke Khiloune (1948) and Lahore (1949). His other important films were Zeenat (1945), Lahore (1949), Dahej (1950), Bahar (1951) and Teen Batti Char Rasta (1953). Known as a “jubilee star”, about twenty of his films are stated to have been jubilee (twenty-five weeks or more) hits.

Dewan married co-actress Manju in 1944 following the release of Rattan, in which she had a character role. By 1966, he was working as a casting agent for the film unit of Maya (1966). He continued to work in the 1960s and 1970s playing supporting parts in films such as Apna Ghar (1960), Shaheed(1965), Jeene Ki Raah (1969) and Nadaan (1971), with the last film in which he was credited, being Sohanlal Kanwar’s Atmaram (1979).

He worked in 73 films and sang 18 songs in 9 films. He worked with all leading actresses of his times,including Noorjehan and Nargis. At the end of his career, however, he was down financially and had to work as a Manager with B R Chopra’s company. When he died, except two workers of the Cine artistes association, no one else from the Film industry was present.

Today’s song is the 3rd song from the film Guzara-1954. In the part 2 song you will be surprised to hear the voice of Pt.Hridaynath Mangeshkar. It sounds just like a girl’s voice. I was confused but on inquiry, our Sadanand Kamath ji confirmed that the voice was that of Hridaynath only. Enjoy…

Part I

Part II

Song- Rang Rangeele pyaare pyaare laaye hum khilaune (Guzaara)(1954)- Singer- Lata / Hridaynath Mangeshkar– Lata, Lyrics-Raja Mehdi Ali Khan, MD-Ghulam Mohammad
Lata + Hridaynath Mangeshkar

Lyrics

——————————–
Part I- Lata Mangeshkar
——————————-

o o o o o
Rang Rangeele pyaare pyaare
laaye hum khilaune
Rang Rangeele pyaare pyaare
laaye hum khilaune
laaye hum khilaune
bachchon ke ye dil ke tukde
le lo aune paune
laaye hum khilaune

mausi ye gudiya tumhaari
ee ee ee ee ee ee
mausi ye gudiya tumhaari
bahu ban ke aayegi
haan bahu ban ke aayegi
pyaar se rakhogi usey
tumhaari ban jaayegi
tumhaari ban jaayegi

usko tum sataana na
zulm ispe dhhaana na
samdhan ko rulaana na
karogi rasoi ye bhi
bichaayegi bichaune
Rang Rangeele pyaare pyaare
laaye hum khilaune
bachchon ke ye dil ke tukde
le lo aune paune
laaye hum khilaune

?? ghar ki
udhar na lagaana
bhabhi aur bhaiyya ne maara
maara maari na karaana
maara maari na karaana

dulha miyaan dekho duniya
pyaar ki basaana
miyaan biwi jhagdenge to
hansega zamaana
dek bahu
nanad ko sataana na
saas ko jalaana na
susar(??) ko phudaana na
tum ?? seekhna
A B C D seekhna

theek hai beti

baaten nahin meri
mithhai ke ??
Rang Rangeele pyaare pyaare
laaye hum khilaune
bachchon ke ye dil ke tukde
le lo aune paune
laaye hum khilaune

———————————
Part II (Lata- Hridaynath Mangeshkar)
———————————-

Rang Rangeele pyaare pyaare
laaye hum khilaune
bachchon ke ye dil ke tukde
le lo aune paune
laaye hum khilaune

babujee namaste
mausi jee namaste
pyaare bhaiyya
tum hi le lo
mere khilaune saste
ho o o
pyaare bhaiyya
tum hi le lo
mere khilaune saste

chaar aane mein gudiya doongi
chulha aur bichaune
chaar aane mein gudiya doongi
chulha aur bichaune
Rang Rangeele pyaare pyaare
laaye hum khilaune
bachchon ke ye dil ke tukde
le lo aune paune
laaye hum khilaune

seth jee
o seth jee
arre chal chal chal

jhidkiyaan de log denge
hum na kuchh bhi zabaan se

maare maare kyun phirte hain
poochho ye bhagwaan se ae ae
poochho ye bhagwaan se
bheekh nahin lenge baaba
le lo ye khilaune
bheekh nahin lenge baaba
le lo ye khilaune
Rang Rangeele pyaare pyaare
laaye hum khilaune
bachchon ke ye dil ke tukde
le lo aune paune
laaye hum khilaune

chalte chalte tum hamaare
dil ke tukde kar gaye
dil ke tukde kar gaye
ek thhokar se tumhaare
jeete jee hum mar gaye

jeete jee hum mar gaye
dil toota khilaune toote
aankhen lagi rone
dil toota khilaune toote
aankhen lagi rone
Rang Rangeele pyaare pyaare
laaye hum khilaune
bachchon ke ye dil ke tukde
le lo aune paune
laaye hum khilaune


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4984 Post No. : 16869

———————————————–—————————————
Blog 10-Year Challenge (2012-2022) – Song No. 27
————————————————————————————–

This date ten years ago (viz 11 March 2012) saw as many as 8 songs from eight different movies getting covered in the blog. Here are the details:-

Blog Post number Song Movie (Year) Remarks
5619 Dekho jee chaand nikla peeche khazoor ke Alibaba Aur Chaalis Chor(1954) 4 songs covered out of 8 so far
5620 Keh rahin hain dhadkanen pukaar kar Laal Pari(1954) 3 songs covered out of 8 so far.
5621 Suno sunaayen aaj tumhe ek chhoti si kahaani Agra road (1957) Movie YIPPEED by now
5622 Chanda ke desh mein rehti ek raani Mera Ghar Mere Bachche(1960 ) 7 songs covered out of 9 so far
5623 Na dekho hamen ghoor ke jaadoogar sainyya Gharaana(1961) Movie YIPPEED by now
5624 Sadqe Heer tujhpe ham faqeer sadqe Mera Naam Joker(1970) Movie YIPPEED by now
5625 Rang rangeela mausam Jee Chaahta Hai(1964) Movie YIPPEED by now
5626 Aji kya rakkha hai gyaanam mein Akalmand(1966) 8 songs covered out of 9 so far. Final song not available

It can be noticed that four movies out of 8 have since been YIPPEED. Another movie is one short of YIPPEEdom but that song seems unavailable as of now.

That leaves us with three movies that are eligible for Blog Ten year challenge today (11 march 2022). One such movie has been covered today in Blog Ten Year Challenge.

“Laal Pari”(1954) is another movie that is eligible for Ten Year Challenge today. This movie was produced by Gulshan Bahl and directed by Kedar Kapoor for N C Films, Bombay. The movie had Shakila, Mahipal, Kuldeep, Tiwari, Ramesh Thakur, B.M.Vyas, Helen, Maruti, Johny Walker, Sarita, Sikandar etc in it.

The movie had eight songs in it. Three songs from the movie have been covered so far. Here is the fourth song from the movie. The song is sung by Asha Bhonsle. Asad Bhopali is the lyricist. Music is composed by Hansraj Bahl.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of the song.

Lyrics were sent to me by Prakashchandra.

audio link:

Song-Meri tabaahi pe tu bhi chup hai (Laal Pari)(1954) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Asad Bhopali, MD-Hansraj Bahl

Lyrics (Provided by Prakashchandra)

meree tabaahee pe tu bhi chup hai ae
ke jaisey tujhko pataa naheen hai ae
agar ye sach hai
agar ye sach hai
agar ye sach hai to saaf keh dey
tu beqason ka khudaa naheen hai
khudaa naheen hai
khudaa naheen hai aey ae
khudaa naheen hai
meri tabaahi pe tu bhi chup hai
ke jaisey tujhko pataa naheen hai ae

basaa huaa ghar ujad chukaa hai
basaa huaa ghar ujad chukaa hai
har ek sahaaraa bichhad chukaa hai
woh daag dil mein
woh daag dil mein
woh daag ab dil mein pad chukaa hai
ke jis ki koyee dawaa naheen hai ae

hazaar gham ek bezubaan dil
hazaar gham ek bezubaan dil
yahaan to ab zindagi hai mushqil
zamaana jitnaa
zamaana jitnaa
zamaana jitnaa buraa hai yaa rab
naseeb utnaa buraa naheen hai ae

duaa bhee kee
iltijaa bhi kar lee
duaa bhee kee
iltjaa bhi kar lee
magar na tooney ae meree khabar lee
jo meraa bas ho
jo meraa bas ho
jo mera bas ho to sabse keh doon
ke bandagi mein bhalaa naheen hai
meri tabaahi pe tu bhi chup hai
ke jaisey tujhko pataa naheen hai
agar ye sach hai to saaf keh dey
tu beqason kaa khudaa naheen hai
khudaa..aa naheen hai
khudaa naheen hai ae ae
khudaa naheen hai ae


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4984 Post No. : 16868

———————————————–—————————————
Blog 10-Year Challenge (2012-2022) – Song No. 26
————————————————————————————–

This date ten years ago (viz 11 March 2012) was a normal productive day for the blog. As many as 8 songs from eight different movies were covered in chronological order. Here are the details:-

Blog Post number Song Movie (Year) Remarks
5619 Dekho jee chaand nikla peeche khazoor ke Alibaba Aur Chaalis Chor(1954) 4 songs covered out of 8 so far
5620 Keh rahin hain dhadkanen pukaar kar Laal Pari(1954) 3 songs covered out of 8 so far.
5621 Suno sunaayen aaj tumhe ek chhoti si kahaani Agra road (1957) Movie YIPPEED by now
5622 Chanda ke desh mein rehti ek raani Mera Ghar Mere Bachche(1960 ) 7 songs covered out of 9 so far
5623 Na dekho hamen ghoor ke jaadoogar sainyya Gharaana(1961) Movie YIPPEED by now
5624 Sadqe Heer tujhpe ham faqeer sadqe Mera Naam Joker(1970) Movie YIPPEED by now
5625 Rang rangeela mausam Jee Chaahta Hai(1964) Movie YIPPEED by now
5626 Aji kya rakkha hai gyaanam mein Akalmand(1966) 8 songs covered out of 9 so far. Final song not available

It can be noticed that four movies out of 8 have since been YIPPEED. Another movie is one short of YIPPEEdom but that song seems unavailable as of now.

That leaves us with three movies that are eligible for Blog Ten year challenge today (11 march 2022). This time, for a change, I have decided that ll three movies should be taken up under Blog Ten Year Challenge.

“Alibaba Aur Chaalis Chor”(1954) is one those movies. This movie produced and directed by Homi Wadia for Basant Pictures, Bombay. The movie had Mahipal, Shakila, B M Vyas, S N Tripathi, Maruti, Sharda etc in it.

The movie had eight songs in it . Four songs from the movie have been covered so far. Here is the fifth song. The song is sung by Asha Bhonsle. Raja Mehdi Ali Khan is the lyricist. Music is composed by S N Tripathi and Chitragupta.

The song is ppicturised on Shakeela, B.M.Vyas, Mahipal ,Maruti Rao etc in it.

Lyrics were sent to me by Prakashchandra.

video link:

audio link:

Song-Sharma ke lajaa ke main ek jhalak dikhlaaoon (Alibaba aur Chaalis Chor)(1954) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Raja Mehdi Ali Khan, MD-S N Tripathy/ Chitragupta

Lyrics(Provided by Prakashchandra)

sharmaa ke lajaa ke main ek jhalak dikhlaaoon
haath kisee ke na aaoon
sharmaa ke lajaa ke main ek jhalak dikhlaaoon
haath kisee ke na aaoon

anjaam inhein maaloom nahin
masti mein hain ye deewaa..aaney
masti mein hain ye deewaaney
anjaam inhein maaloom nahin
masti mein hain ye deewaa…aaaney
masti mein hain ye deewaaney
kyun shammaa jalee mehfil ye sajee
ye raaz koyi naa jaaney aey ae
ye raaz koyee na jaaney
tadpaa ke dikhaa ke main naaz-o-adaa chali jaaoon
laut ke phir nahin aaoon
tadpaa ke dikhaa ke main naaz-o-adaa chali jaaoon
laut ke phir nahin aaoon
sharmaa ke lajaa ke main ek jhalak dikhlaaoon
haath kisee ke na aaoon

mere lab pe hansee
mere dil mein khushi
mere jaal mein panchchi aaye..aey
mere jaal mein panchchee aaye
mere lab pe hansee
mere dil mein khushi
mere jaal mein panchchi aaye..aey
mere jaal mein panchchee aaye
naa main jaanoon
naa dil jaaney
kab waar meraa chal jaaye aey ae
kab waar meraa chal jaaye
bal khaa ke chalaa ke main teer-e-nazar itraaoon
dil na kisee se milaaoon
bal khaa ke chalaa ke main teer-e-nazar itraaoon
dil na kisee se milaaoon
sharmaa ke lajaa ke main ek jhalak dikhlaaoon
haath kisee ke na aaoon


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4978 Post No. : 16856

Today’s song is a good Marching song from the film ‘Golconda Ka Qaidi’ – aka ‘Prisoner of Golkonda’ (1954). This was a film made in both Hindi as well as English.

Way back in 1954, when this film was released and shown in Hyderabad, I was still in school, studying for my Matriculation- that is 10th standard. In those days, for 10th standard, a novel used to be studied as a ‘Non-Detail’ subject along with the regular English Text paper. This was to ensure to inculcate a liking for literature among the students as well as introduction of world famous novels etc to them. In that year, we had the famous novel by Anthony Hope – ‘The Prisoner of Zenda’ as a ‘Non-Detail’ syllabus. Fond of reading novels etc, I was simply fascinated by this novel. Till today, I have this novel in my book collection.

When we saw the posters of of the film ‘Prisoner of Golkonda’ in our city, we were excited, thinking that this was the Hindi version of the Hollywood film “The Prisoner of Zenda” (1952) ( earlier there was also a silent film in 1922 and a talkie version in 1937 in Hollywood). This English film had already come to Hyderabad, just a year ago and we had seen it officially – since it’s novel was in our syllabus of 10th standard. After the Hindi film came to Hyderabad sometime in October 1954, the theatre owners brought the English film ‘The Prisoner of Zenda’ again for morning shows.

However, after seeing the Hindi film, we were bitterly disappointed because its story was nowhere near the captivating story of the English novel. It was absolutely a Raja, Rani and evil Vazir type story, so common in Hindi films of that period. And overall, the film, including its songs, was a big let-down on our expectations. I can’t blame the filmmakers for our disappointment, because nowhere did they ever say that it was a copy of the English film. It was we who got misled by the ” Same Name Confusion ” of the film title !

Golkonda is a fort near Hyderabad city and it was/is a tourist spot too. The film cheated us here also. There was absolutely no connection of the film story with our Golkonda fort at all. The Hyderabad public cursed the filmmakers for misleading them. After 2 years, in 1956, there came a film ‘Char Minar’ to Hyderabad. Public in Hyderabad got excited thinking that the film story was woven around the best showpiece of Hyderabad – the Char Minar. Here too came the disappointment. It had nothing to do with the Hyderabad Char Minar. In the film, Char Minar was the name of a sarai in Madina, where the hero is lost etc.

So much for the misleading film titles !

Film ‘Golconda Ka Qaidi’ (1954) had many firsts. It was the first film of lyricist Lalji Pande aka Anjaan. It was the first film for actor Rajendranath- brother of Premnath. It was the first film of actor Prem Nath as a director. The film was made by P.N. Films- owned by Premnath and Bina Rai. It was produced and directed by Premnath himself. He was the hero, his wife Bina Rai was the heroine and his younger brother Rajendernath made his debut in the film. Premnath himself sang a song in this film (one of the 5 songs from 5 films). The cast consisted of Premnath, Bina Rai, Agha, Shobhana Samarth, Heeralal, Indumati, Rajen kapoor, Cuckoo, Rajendranath with many more. Guest artistes were Om Prakash, Bipin Gupta and Sunder.

The film had 8 songs written by Anjaan, Kaif Irfani and Prakash Sathi. HFGK mentions 3 names as MDs – Datta Davjekar, Jagannath and Kundanlal (I believe they were Davjekar’s assistants). There is a footnote in HFGK that all song tunes were prepared by Datta Davjekar himself.

Datta Davjekar was a famous and respected name in Marathi film and non film music, but in Hindi his work is limited to only 5 films – ‘Aap Ki Sewa Mein’ (1947), ‘Adalat’ (1948), ‘Jeet Kiski’ (1952), ‘Golconda Ka Qaidi’ (1954) and ‘Bal Shivaji’ (1956). His name will be immortal in Hindi film music history , because he gave the first Hindi film playback song to Lata Mangeshkar in the film ‘Aap Ki Sewa Mein’ (1947).

In the Hindi film industry, there were many name alikes. Some of them also caused serious problems of ‘Same Name Confusion”. Artistes of the same name was a common phenomenon in early cinema i.e. the 1930s and the 40s. Then it diminished slowly. This matter was not only common in actors, but also in other categories also. As far as Music Directors are concerned, there were so many ‘Dattas’ as MDs. Some of them at the same time and few causing the SNC syndrome too ! There were K Datta, N Datta, Narayan Dutt, Dutta Thakar, DC Dutt, Dattaram and Datta Davjekar. Each one contributed to HFM to his ability. One MD’s name will be written in Golden Ink, in the History of HFM. The name is DATTA DAVJEKAR. This is because he created an all time Legend LATA MANGESHKAR, by giving her the opportunity to sing her first playback Hindi song in one of his films – ‘Aap Ki Sewa Mein’.

Dattatreya Shankar Davjekar (Born on 15-11-1915 – died 19 September 2007), better known as Datta Davjekar or Datta Daujeker , was a veteran music composer mainly associated with Marathi and Hindi movies. He studied up to Matriculation in Nutan Marathi Vidyalay.
He started working from 1931 composing songs in Melas and later in Saraswati Cinetone. Assisted Sureshbabu Mane for film ‘Nandkumar’ (1937). Later he assisted Govindrao Tembe in Natraj Films company. He was called to Bombay to record all Hindi and Marathi songs for film ‘Savangadi’ in Marathi and ‘Saathi’ in Hindi in 1938. He first gave music to ‘Municipality’ made by Brilliant Pictures.

Datta Davjekar’s father Baburao used to play tabla for live folk musical plays as well as in Urdu plays. He used to work in Arya Subodh Natak Mandali. He played pakhwaj also.

Davjekar learned how to play tabla and harmonium and thus developed an interest in music. He also started composing songs. Later, he was invited by the famous star Shanta Apte to perform on her shows. Davjekar performed at places as far off as Allahabad and Lahore.

Davjekar assisted C Ramachandra and Chitragupta for a while. His first break came in 1941 with a Marathi film called ‘Municipality’. It was followed by ‘Sarkari Pahune’ in 1942. One of the film’s songs “Naache Sangeet Natwar” was a big hit. Davjekar went on to work with big names in Marathi cinema, like Raja Paranjape, Gajanan Jagirdar, Master Vinayak, Dinkar Patil, Datta Dharmadhikari, Rajdutt and Raja Thakur. In 1945, he joined HMV and composed several popular Marathi Bhavgeet songs, writing them himself, like “Tuj Swapni Pahile” and “Kuni Bai Gungunle” etc. He was known as ‘DD’.

His famous films include ‘Rangalyaa Raatri Ashyaa’, ‘Paathlaag’, ‘Pahu Re Kitni Vaat’, ‘Thoraataanchi Kamlaa’, ‘Padchaaya’, ‘Chimanrao Gundyabhau’, ‘Pedgaonche Shahane’, ‘Juna Te Sona’, ‘Sant Vahate Krishna Mai’, ‘Sukhaachi Sawali’, ‘Viasakh Vanwaa’ and ‘Yashoda’. His last film release was ‘Pahaate Punyechi’ in 1992. His non-film song “Sainik Ho Tumchyaa Saathi” (translation: For you, oh Soldiers) was a big hit and its sales proceeds went to the Armed Forces.

In a career spanning fifty two years, Davjekar composed music in several languages for sixty films, twelve plays and several documentaries. He learnt German music for composing music for the play ‘Thank you, Mr Glad’. He is credited for giving a break to many singers who became extremely popular over a period of time, including the Mangeshkar siblings, Lata Mangeshkar, Asha Bhosale and Usha Mangeshkar as well as others such as Anuradha Paudwal.

The film ‘Maazhe Baal’, released in 1943, was Davjekar’s first Marathi film with Lata Mangeshkar. He went on to introduce her to Hindi films with his song “Paa Laagoo Kar Jori Re” for the film ‘Aap Ki Sewa Mein’ (1947).

Davjekar did four more Hindi films, Vasant Joglekar’s ‘Adalat’ (1948), ‘Jeet Kiski’ (1952), Premnath’s English-Hindi bilingual, ‘Prisoner of Golconda’, in which Sudha Malhotra sang, and ‘Bal Shivaji’ (1956). He used to accompany Lata Mangeshkar on her foreign trips for music programs as the chief arranger. He won five awards for his music to Marathi films. In 1995 he was given ‘Lata Mangeshkar’ award by Maharashtra Government.

On 19 September 2007 Davjekar died of a heart attack at his residence in Andheri, Mumbai.

An Obituary in One India dated 20th September 2007 says…

Family sources said Davjekar died of a heart attack at his Andheri residence late last night.

The funeral took place at the Oshiwara crematorium this morning and was attended by family, friends and admirers.

Condoling the death of Mr Davjekar, Lata Mangeshkar recollected that the late music composer had given her the first opportunity in playback singing in his movie ‘Aap Ki Seva Mein’. ”Just like his music, he was a sweet human being,” Mangeshkar said.

His non-film song ”Sainik Ho Tumchyaa Saathi” was a superhit and its sales proceeds went to the Armed Forces. Datta Davjekar also composed music for twelve plays including ‘Thank You Mr Glad’ for which he learnt German music. In a career spanning more than six decades, he scored music for nearly 60 films.

(Based on information from Wiki, One India, and Marathi Chitrapat Sangeetkar kosh, with thanks.)

Today’s song is a marching song by Rafi with Chorus. Enjoy….


Song- Uthha ke sar chalo jawaan (Gulkonda Ka Qaidi)(1954) Singer- Rafi, Lyricist- Anjaan, MD- Datta Davjekar
Chorus

Lyrics

uthha ke sar chalo jawaan
uthha ke sar chalo jawaan
shaan se badhe chalo
watan ki aan ke liye
toofaan se lade chalo
uthha ke sar chalo jawaan
shaan se badhe chalo
watan ki aan ke liye
toofaan se lade chalo
uthha ke sar chalo jawaan

na dekh hum sakenge ab
ye desh ki veeraaniyaan
na seenkhchon mein band rah sakengi ye jawaaniyaan
uthho jawaan baazuon ka zor tol kar chalo
watan ghulam ab na rah sake
uthha ke sar chalo jawaan
uthha ke sar chalo jawaan
shaan se badhe chalo
watan ki aan ke liye toofaan se lade chalo
uthha ke sar chalo jawaan

tadap ke mit rahi hain begunaah zindgaaniyaan
kahaan gayin jawaan tere khoon ki rawaaniyaan
tadap ke mit rahi hain begunaah zindgaaniyaan
kahaan gayin jawaan tere khoon ki rawaaniyaan
bata do tum jahaan ko
ke hum kisi se kam nahin
amar shaheed ban ke aasmaan per chadhe chalo
uthha ke sar chalo jawaan
uthha ke sar chalo jawaan
shaan se badhe chalo
watan ki aan ke liye
toofaan se lade chalo
uthha ke sar chalo jawaan

ye sar kate kate
kisi ke saamne jhuke nahin
mita do julm ye sitam
kadam kahin ruke nahin
ye thhaan kar chalo ke
ab na chhal sake ??
nashe mein jhoom baazooband
?? Vande matram badhe chalo
uthha ke sar chalo jawaan
uthha ke sar chalo jawaan
(aa aa aa)
shaan se badhe chalo
watan ki aan ke liye
toofaan se lade chalo
(aa aa aa)
uthha ke sar chalo jawaan
shan se badhe chalo
(aa aa aa)
watan ki aan ke liye
toofaan se lade chalo
(aa aa aa)
uthha ke sar chalo jawaan
shaan se badhe chalo
(aa aa aa)
watan ki aan ke liye
toofaan se lade chalo
uthha ke sar chalo jawaan
(aa aa aa)


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4946 Post No. : 16805

Today’s song is from the film Majboori-1954.

The song-“Tere poojan ko Bhagwan, bana man mandir aalishan”- is a famous traditional song. Not only in a few Hindi films, but the song is also sung by many singers as NFS. No one knows how old this song is or who is the original Lyricist of this song. It is sung like a Bhajan by most people.

The known first record for this song was made in 1934.

When singer Shamshad Begum was discovered by music director Ghulam Haider, she was in her early teens. After talking to her father, she was taught this song and this became her first recorded song in Lahore for the record company Xenophone. Since the song was a Hindu bhajan, in order to avoid Hindu displeasure for a ” Muslim girl singing a Hindu devotional song “, her name on the record was mentioned as Radha Rani. This first song of Shamshad was posted on this Blog a few years back (on 30 may 2013).

The second time this song appeared was almost immediate. The actress-singer Rattanbai had come to Bombay from Calcutta. Her name in Calcutta made films and she having worked with a great artiste like Saigal, Rattanbai’s name was already well known and popular in Bombay. In her first film in Bombay ‘Bharat ki Beti’-1935, its Music Director Anil Biswas gave her this traditional song to sing in the film. The third time this song featured in a Hindi film was in the film Majboori-1954 (today’s song). It is sung by Asha Bhosale and Hamida Bano. Actually, this was Hamida Bano’s last song in India, because she migrated to Pakistan after this.

Thus while this song was the first song of Shamshad Begum as an NFS and first song of Rattanbai in a Bombay film, it was the last song of Hamida Bano in India !

( This traditional Bhajan Was also used as a Parody song in the film ” Shaadi”-1962. It was sung by Rafi and on screen by Omprakash.)

Similarly, there is another traditional Mujra song “Inhi logon ne le leena dupatta mera”, which is used in few films. First time this song appeared in the film “Himmat”-1941. By coincidence it was sung by Shamshad Begum. Next time it appeared in the film ” Aabroo”-1943, sung and enacted on screen by actor singer Yaqub. Third time, this song was used in the film “Pakeezah”-1972, sung by Lata Mangeshkar and on screen by Meena kumari.

Both these Traditional songs are sung as NFS by many singers from India and Pakistan as well.

If one looks keenly, one can find a few NFS written by Soordas, Kabir, Meerabai, Narsi Mehta and some other saints of India. These are sung by many famous and not so famous singers. Some of these have appeared in Hindi films also.

Film Majboori-1954 was made by Murli Movietone. It was directed by the producer Ram Daryani himself. The music was by Robin Chatterjee. He was born on 8-1-1914, at Calcutta. His name is not too well known to Hindi film lovers, though he was very famous in Bengal, where he composed several NFS and film songs. For many years he assisted Anupam Ghatak,MD. He even sang in the chorus for New Theatre’s film Adhikar-1938. However he was not so successful in Hindi films.

His first Hindi film was Rajlakshmi-1945, wherein he gave the first opportunity to Talat Mahmood to sing a Hindi film song. Till then he was singing Bangla NFS and film songs with the name Tapan kumar. His next film was Tum aur main-1946 which had very good songs by kanan Devi. Then came Voh Dono-1947 and here Sandhya Mukherjee gave good songs. Robin Chatterjee gave music to 14 Hindi films,namely – Rajlakshmi-45, Tum aur main-46, Voh Dono-47, Sabyasachi-48,Ratnadeep-51, Pehli Shadi-53, Firdaus-53, Shobha-54, Majboori-54, Africa-54, Dhake ki malmal-56, Miss Toofan mail-58, Police Station-59 and Chimney ka Dhuvan-1973…this was a much delayed film. He also gave music to a Bhojpuri film- Saiya se kar le milanwa-1966.

Robin Chatterjee died on 2-4-1976 at Bombay at the age of just 61 years.

The cast of the film Majboori-54 was Shyama, Balraj Sahni, Agha, kumar, Pramila and many others. There were 8 songs in the film. Some of the songs were recorded as “Chhoti Behan”, the original name for the film. Today’s song is the 5th song to be presented here. It is sung byAsha Bhosale and Hamida Bano, as per HFGK. After this film, Hamida Bano migrated to Pakistan.

Singer Hamida Bano was born on 19-10-1928, in Lahore. Her family shifted to Bombay in 1942, the same year as Geeta Roy’s family did. Hamida’s elder brother Akbar worked with a Drama company. He gave her the initial training in singing. This kindled a desire in her mind to sing in Hindi Films. Those days,the well known Actor/Director Master Bhagwan lived nearby. He once recommended her name to his best friend-C.Ramchandra. He was the MD for Bhagwan’s film “Naghma-e-Sahara “-1943. He gave her a break with 3 songs in this film. Unfortunately, this film got delayed and was released only in 1945. Meanwhile, Naushad had found her and he gave her a song in film ” Sanjog”-43 and she sang her first released song with Shyam kumar.

C.Ramchandra continued using her in films like Bahadur, Lalkar, Manorama, Raunaq, Sawan etc. In those years C.Ramchandra himself was not very famous-till his HIT films like Safar-46 and Shehnai-47 etc. So Hamida was not much benefitted by these songs. From 1945, it was composer Bulo C Rani, who used Hamida Bano for some really memorable songs like in the film ” Moorti”-45-Badariya baras gayi us paar . Then came Rajputani, Chheen le Azadi, Phulwari, Badi baat, Shahenshah Babar, Naseeb, Parayi aag, Preet, Devar, Dharti, Nek Parveen, Neelkamal, Tohfa and Rimjhim. After 1950 her songs became less and she sang in Bikhre Moti, Rajput, Anjaam,and Majboori-54-her last film in India. She sang about 125 odd songs in about 62 films.

In 1956, she migrated to Pakistan. In Karachi, she recorded some songs. Then she settled in Lahore and became active in social work. Occasionally, she was seen in functions like ” Nigar Awards Function ” etc. She continued singing on Lahore Radio. Hamida Bano died on 20-11-2006 at the age of 78 yrs. Her last song in India was with Asha in Majboori-1954-“Tere poojan ko Bhagwan bana Manmandir alishan”.

Let us now enjoy this traditional song…..


Song-Tere poojan ko Bhagwaan bana man mandir aalishaan(Majboori)(1954) Singers- Hamida Bano, Asha Bhosale, Lyricist- D N Madhok, MD-Robin Chatterjee

Lyrics

Tere poojan ko Bhagwaan
Bana man mandir aalishaan
Tere poojan ko Bhagwaan
Bana man mandir aalishaan

kaun banaaye teri moorat
kisne dekhi teri soorat
kaun banaaye teri moorat
kisne dekhi teri soorat
kaun banaaye teri moorat
kisne dekhi teri soorat

saare jag mein roop hai tera
saare jag mein roop hai tera
andekhe Bhagwaan
Bana man mandir aalishaan
Tere poojan ko Bhagwaan
Bana man mandir aalishaan

saagar teri shaan dikhaaye
parvat tera khauf jataaye(??)
saagar teri shaan dikhaaye
parvat tera khauf jataaye(??)
saagar teri shaan dikhaaye
parvat tera khauf jataaye(??)

kaliyon mein hai khushboo teri
kaliyon mein hai khushboo teri
phoolon mein muskaan
Bana man mandir aalishaan
Tere poojan ko Bhagwaan
Bana man mandir aalishaan
Tere poojan ko Bhagwaan
Bana man mandir aalishaan


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4925 Post No. : 16762

Today’s song is from the film with a funny name- Pilpili Saheb-1954.

When I saw this film’s posters in Hyderabad in 1954 , I laughed at the title of the film. I thought that the film had to do something with the yellow colour ! None of my friends knew the meaning of this word. After intense discussion, we decided to go to our Hindi teacher-Mathur sir. He was from Allahabad and was a very jovial person. He treated the students with a lot of humour and gentle talk. So we did not feel any fear or awkwardness to ask him this question. Otherwise, in those days asking such questions to any teacher was a certain invitation to caning !

Mathur Sir explained that Pilpili Saheb means a villager who dons modern western clothes, like Pant, Shirt, Coat, Hat etc. Listening to this reply, I felt an urge to see the film. As such the film had few comedians like Agha, Sunder and Mehmood.

Out of the 9 songs of the film, 4 songs are already on the blog. The first song appeared here on 4-3-2011. It was a duet of Meena Mangeshkar and Mohd. Rafi. That time Atul ji had called the song a very rare song and rightly so. That was because Meena Mangeshkar had sung very few songs in Hindi films. (She had already become Meena Khadikar after her recent marriage then, in 1953). She sang only 13 songs in 11 films, during a period of 38 years ( 1952 ton 1990). Earlier it was felt that her songs are only 12 in 10 films, but Mahesh Mamdapur has found out one more song of Meena from film Pehli Shadi-1953, with Asha Bhosle and Mohantara Ajinkya (nee Talpade). Thank you, Mahesh ji. Today’s song is a triad with Usha Mangeshkar and a newcomer Shaminder Singh Pal.

Here is a short Bio of singer Shaminder Singh, for the benefit of those who are not aware of this less known singer, who sang in Hindi films between 1954 to 1973.This was written by our Sadanand Kamath ji on 18-9-2012 in one of his posts. Thanks for this.

Shaminder( also known as Bhai Shaminder Singh) born in 1930/31, belonged to a wealthy landlord sikh family in Muktsar Sahib district of Punjab. It is said that the family owned almost half of the village where they stayed. Since his childhood, he was fond of music. He was a fan of Mohammed Rafi and Talat Mehmood whose songs he would listen to on the radio for hours and sing in sync with their songs. He adored Lata Mangeshkar as a Goddess. As he grew up, singing became his hobby and he could sing songs in the style of Rafi and Talat at ease.

As I said earlier, singing a duet song with Lata Mangeshkar was his obsession and to achieve his goal, he left his village for Bombay (Mumbai) some time in 1953 and met Sardul Kwatra, who was an upcoming music director. Sardul found that Shaminder had the quality of a professional playback singer. He felt that there was a man who could sing in a voice which had a blend of Rafi and Talat. So he decided to use him as a playback singer for songs in his Punjabi film ‘Vanjara’ (1954) which was being produced by Sardul’s family. In this film, there was a duet song which he was planning to get Shamshad Begum to sing with Shaminder. However, Shaminder was bent upon singing this song with Lata Mangeshkar. To fulfill his obsession, he offered a carrot to Sardul by way of financing his Punjabi film. This trick worked with Sardul. I had read elsewhere that Sardul Kwatra was a charming person especially among women folks. Probably with his charm, he must have persuaded Lata Mangeshkar to sing a Punjabi song with a newcomer Shaminder. Fortunately for Shaminder, not only this duet song but all songs sungs by him in this film became hits with the masses of Punjab.

Having tasted success, Shaminder was now interested in singing in Hindi films and again his obsession was singing a duet with Lata Mangeshkar. He got the chance to sing with her in the film ‘Pilpili Saheb’ (1954). It is said that he also got a chance to sing with Asha Bhonsle in some other films but I could not locate any such song in YT. In any case, he did get the chance to sing a song with Geeta Dutt in the film ‘Son of Alibaba’ (1954). I find that he sang almost all of his Hindi film songs under the baton of Sardul Kwatra. Later, Mohinder also took him as a playback singer for Punjabi films.

Having fulfilled his obsession to sing with Lata Mangeshkar, he was no longer very much interested in playback singing. In all, he sang only 15 Hindi songs in 8 films, namely Pilpili Saheb-54, Pensioner-54, Tees Maar Khan-55, Son of Alibaba-55, Jalwa-55, Ghar ghar mein diwali-55, Kala Chashma-62 and finally Mera Desh mera Dharam-73. By late 50s/early 60s, he turned to acting in Punjabi and Hindi films. In Punjabi films he mostly acted in lead roles while in Hindi films, he got side roles in a few films like ‘Aas Ka Panchhi’-1961, ‘Anpadh’ -1962, Bank Robbery-1969 and Sultana Daku-1972. He acted mainly in Punjabi films.
He passed away some time in the early 90s.( The article is a little adapted to include his film and song details.)

I had given the storyline of the film Pilpili Saheb-1954, some 11 years ago, as a comment on the film’s second song presented on 3-11-2011. For the benefit of our new readers, here it is…

PILPILI SAHEB(1954) was a Kwatra film production,produced by Malika and N.S.Kwatra,Directed by H.S.Kwatra and Music by Sardul Kwatra. Thus it was an all family affair.
The film cast was full of funsters like Agha,Sunder,Mehmood and a couple of beauties like Shyama,Kuldip kaur,Lalita kumari,Helen,Mumtaz(old),but still it failed at the Box office.

The story and Dialogues were by S.P.Bakshi and S.K.Prabhakar and s/play by Ravi Kapoor.

Pilpili Saheb is an Emotional-Romantic Musical-Comedy-Thriller Family Drama Film crafted with excellence by H.S. Kwatra. The Story revolves around the life of Pilpili Saheb (played by Agha)- A Kind-Hearted man living alone in this world and loves to live by his means and falls in love with Rani (played by Shyama)- A Sweet girl and wants to marry her. He crossed every obstacle and hurdles in front of him and wanted her to love him- without knowing she is married to another man (played by Pran), leading to consequences.

In this film Agha is PILPILI SAHEB.In his villege,he loves Rani(Shyama) for whom he wants to build a Taj Mahal,but first he must win her love to marry her and she should die before him !

To get her he tries everything,leaves the village,rides a Donkey,cleans utensils,becomes a photographer,acts on stage-a clown,a villain,a Hero etc etc.
There is a twist in the tale.Thru a stage artist,it is revealed that Rani is already a married woman and her husband is Pran.
Even his friend Sunder who loves Kuldip Kaur,marries and lives happily.

Indian cine goers have fixed ideas about the end results of a film-like Good wins over Bad,Lovers either unite or die,The Poor wins in the end etc.The end either has to be a Tragedy or a happy ending.

Pilpili Saheb had an utterly strange ending which was seen as cheating by the viewers,instead of getting amused. Therefore,although the film had good music,comedy scenes etc,still it failed miserably at the Box office.

Let us now listen to this rare song of Meena Mangeshkar, with sister Usha Mangeshkar and Shaminder Singh.


Song-Sapnon ki duniya mein naye rang laaya (Pilpili Sahab)(1954) Singers- Shaminder Singh, Usha Mangeshkar, Meena Mangeshkar, Lyricist- Shailendra, MD- Sardul Kwatra

Lyrics

dhintanana dhite dhite dhintanana
dhintanana dhite dhite dhintanana
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
dhintanana dhite dhite dhintanana

sapnon ki duniya mein naye rang laaya
o man bhaaya
phaagun aaya
phaagun aaya
phaagun aaya
phaagun aaya
sapnon ki duniya mein naye rang laaya
o man bhaaya
phaagun aaya
phaagun aaya
dhintanana dhite dhite dhintanana

galiyon mein nikli hain gokul ki goriyaan
gokul ki goriyaan
gokul ki goriyaan
o o o o o o
haathon mein
haan haan haathon mein pichkaari
nainon mein doriyaan
nainon mein doriyaan
nainon mein doriyaan
o o o o
aa aa aa aa aa
aankhon mein aao tumhen dil ne bulaaya
jiya lahraaya
phaagun aaya jee
phaagun aaya
phaagun aaya
phaagun aaya
dhintanana dhite dhite dhintanana

ankhiyaan churaa ke yoon bachke na jaao ji
bachke na jaao ji
bachke na jaao ji
o o o o o
rang daalo
haan haan rang daalo hamko
ya aap rang jaao ji
aap rang jaao ji
aap rang jaao ji
o o o o o o
aa aa aa aa aa
aise mein jisne bhi daaman bachaaya
wo pachhtaaya
phaagun aaya jee
phaagun aaya
phaagun aaya
phaagun aaya
sapnon ki duniya mein naye rang laaya
o man bhaaya
phaagun aaya
phaagun aaya
phaagun aaya
phaagun aaya
dhintanana dhite dhite dhintanana
aa aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa aa


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4862 Post No. : 16653

Shekhawati region of Rajasthan consists of the districts of Churu, Jhunjhunu, Sikar and some parts of Jaipur and Nagaur districts. The region is well-known for its painted havelis and temples. I had travelled in Shekhawati region in February 2013 mainly to see the magnificent painted havelis. There are hundreds of such havelis, some abandoned, some still being used as residential houses and a few which have been converted into heritage hotels. There are extensively and intricately painted havelis of some of the industrialists like Birla, Singhania, Goenka, Jhunjhunwaala, Podar, Morarka, Modi etc.

Shekhawati region is also known for producing hundreds of musicians, kathak dancers and vocalists – especially from Churu district. Some of the musicians, dancers and singers have been associated with Hindi films since 1931 when the sound films made their presence. A few of them have indirectly contributed to Hindi films by training some film artists in dancing and singing. Here are some of the artists from Shekhawati region who contributed to Hindi film industry.

Pandit Jagannath Prasad (1930-1996), was a classical vocalist from Khudi village. He was a court singer in Nepal and Dharbhanga before settling down for some time in Kolkata. He came to Mumbai in 1941 and remained in Mumbai until his death. His disciples included K L Saigal and Prithviraj Kapoor in Kolkata and Shahu Modak, Mukesh, Premnath, Raj Kapoor, Shammi Kapoor, Shashi Kapoor, Raj Khosla, Nutan etc in Mumbai. He also composed songs for ‘Krishnarjuna Yuddh’ (1946) and ‘Prisoners of Golconda’ (1954).

Pandit Gourishankar (1916-1992) was the first kathak dancer to perform kathak dance abroad during the Berlin Olympic in 1936. In 1938, he was appointed as kathak dance teacher in Shanti Niketan in 1941. He shifted to Mumbai and established a dance institution. His disciples included Pahadi Sanyal, Nalini Jaywant, Meena Kumari, Sandhya, Aruna Irani etc. He choreographed dances for Meena Kumari in ‘Paakeezah’ (1972).

Pandit Hanuman Prasad (1913-1969) was from Sujangarh who was a classical vocalist, a kathak dancer, a musician playing multiple musical instruments and a poet. He was the music director for many Hindi films which included ‘Draupadi’ (1944), ‘Raseeli’ (1946), ‘Bhakt Prahlad’ (1946), ‘Hip Hip Hurray’ (1948), ‘Chilman’ (1949), ‘Saudagar’ (1951) etc. He was a choreographer for ‘Geet Gaaya Patharon Ne’ (1964). He died in 1969 after choregraphing one dance song in ‘Jal Bin Machali Nritya Bin Bijli’ (1969). He was also the music teacher in Hill Grange High School, Mumbai till his death in 1969.

Pandit Laxman Prasad Jaipurwaale (1915-1977) was a Hindustani classical vocalist who was a purist in his renditions. So, he kept away from Hindi film music, But his connection with Hindi cinema was through his disciples which included Sudha Malhotra, Aarati Mukherjee and Meenu Purshottam among others.

Pandit Girdhar Prasad Jaipurwaale was the son of Pandit Laxman Prasad Jaipurwaale who, apart from being the Hindustani classical vocalist, exceled in playing Tabla. He played Tabla for many music directors including R D Burman, Laxmikant-Pyarelal and Jagjit Singh, His two sons, Jaydeep and Sanjay are musicians and music arrangers in Hindi films.

Pandit K Mahavir (1938-1987) was a talented music composer from Bidasar who unfortunately remained in the sideline of Hindi film industry as an assistant to some music directors which included Khemchand Prakash. His talent was recognised by Lata Mangeshkar who sang under his baton a few non-film songs in the genre of ghazal and geet. Pandit Hridaynath Mangeshkar was one of his disciples. One of his tough compositions which Lata Mangeshkar sang with ease was aankh se aankh milaata hai koi. After the death of Pandit Hanuman Prasad, Pandit K Mahavir was employed in his place as the music teacher in Hill Grange High School until his death in 1987.

Sohanlal and his brother Hiralal were kathak dancers of Jaipur Gharana who migrated to Chennai in the 1940s. They worked in South films as dancers and choreographers. Later, they shifted to Mumbai and worked as choreographers in many films during 1950s to 1970s. Sohanlal’s major Hindi films were, Madhumati’ (1958), ‘Taj Mahal’ (1963), ‘Parasmani’ (1963), ‘Arzoo’ (1965), ‘Guide’ (1965), ‘Hare Rama Hare Krishna’ (1971), ‘Satyam Shivam Sundaram’ (1971) etc. ‘Hiralal did choreography in films like ‘Naagin’ (1954), ‘New Delhi’ (1956), ‘Raagini’ (1958), ‘Ganga Jamuna’ (1961), ‘Prem Pujari’ (1970). ‘Shalimaar’ (1978) etc.

Khemchand Prakash (12/12/1907 – 10/08/1950) was one of the four sons of Pandit Govardhan Prasad who belonged to Khudi village in Churu district. He received in vocal training and in kathak dance from his father and his elder brother, Badri Prasad. He was the court singer and dancer in Royal Court of Jaipur. Later he shifted to the royal court of Nepal as vocalist and kathak dancer. After about 5-7 years, he came to Kolkata and became the assistant to music director Timit Baran. In 1939, he shifted to Mumbai and joined Ranjit Movietone as music director. While in Mumbai, apart from working as a music director, he got further training in Kathak dance from Pandit Achhan Maharaj.

Khemchand Prakash introduced the blending of classical music with Rajasthani folk music for Hindi film music. During his short stint of about 10 years as a music director in Hindi films, he composed songs for as many as 46 films – a very high output in 1940s standards. ‘Pardesi’ (1941), ‘Tansen’ (1943), ‘Bhartruhari’ (1944), ‘Mumtaz Mahal’ (1944), ‘Sindoor’ (1947), Ziddi’ (1948), ‘Mahal’ (1949) are some of his films having his memorable song compositions.

Basant Prakash (27/01/1928-19/03/1996) was the youngest among the 3 brothers of Khemchand Prakash. Because he was 20 years younger than his elder brother, Khemchand Prakash treated him like his son. It is said that later, Basant Prakash was legally adopted by Khemchand Prakash as his son.

Basant Prakash got the initial musical training from Khemchand Prakash and remained with him as his assistant. He was not as prolific as Khemchand Prakash. He composed music for about a dozen films many of which were in combination with other music directors.

Jamal Sen (29/01/ 1904 – 12/04/1979) was born in Sujangarh in Churu district in a traditionally music family. He got his musical training from his father, Jeewan Sen. Apart from being a vocalist, he was also trained in Tabla and Dholak. He started his singing career in All India Radio, Kolkata. He later went to Lahore and worked with music director, Ghulam Haider as a musician for the film, ‘Khazaanchi’ (1941). This was one of the earliest Hindi films in which dholak played by Jamal Sen was prominently used in all the songs.

Jamal Sen’s association with Ghulam Haider ended when the latter migrated to Pakistan in 1948. After working as a freelance musician, he got an opportunity as an indepedent music director when Kidar Sharma selected him for his film ‘Shokhiyaan’ (1951). Although the film did not fare well on the box office, Jamal Sen’s music was well appreciated. Kamal Amrohi selected him as a music director for his film, ‘Daaera’ (1953). Again, while the film failed at the box office, all the songs of the film became popular.

Despite the good music, the two failed films dented Jamal Sen’s career as a music director. He never got big banner films. In the emerging film music scenario, his raag and folk based music was regarded as misfit. During his career of over 2 decades, he was the music director for about a dozen films.

Jamal Sen had 4 sons of which the eldest son, Shambhu Sen became a dancer. He also composed music for two Hindi films, ‘Mrigtrishna’ (1975) and ‘Banno’ (1987). The second son, Dilip Sen along with his nephew Sameer Sen (son of Shambhu Sen) became the music director duo. Shambhu Sen’s third son, Lalit Sen was also the music director who majorly worked for T V Serials and non-film albums.

Mubarak Begum, the playback singer was born in Sujangarh in Churu district but brought up in Ahmedabad. Her playback singing career started with a couple of songs in ‘Aaiye’ (1949). But she could never come close to top 5 female playback singers of her time. Her career progress was earatic. As a result, though she was active as a playback singer up to 1981, she sang less than 200 songs in Hindi films.

Shankar-Shambu, the brothers, famous for their sufi qawwals, belong to Impalsar village in Churu district whose family later settled in Chanduasi village in Aligarh district of UP. They were trained by their father, Pandit Chunnilal in Dhrupad, Dhamar and Khayal singing and later by Ustand Chand Khan of Delhi Gharana. The duo also worked as the music director in 7 Hindi films besides singing in ‘Barsaat Ki Raat’ (1960), ‘Teesri Kasam’ (1966), ‘Aas’ (1972), ‘Laila Majnu’ (1976) among other films.

There are singers born in Shekhawati region but migrated to Pakistan after partition. Ashiq Hussain, one of the prominent actors of Hindi films of 1930s and 1940s and the Kathak dancer, belonged to Shekhwati region whose family had settled in Uttar Pradesh. He abandoned his acting career to concentrate on Kathak dance. Because of his expertise in Banaras Gharana of Kathak dance, he was conferred the title of ‘Nritya Samrat’. He used ‘Samrat’ as his surname when he migrated to Pakistan.

Mehdi Hasan, one of the most popular ghazal singer was born in Luna village of Jhunjhunu district who migrated to Pakaistan. So was Reshma, the folk singer of Pakistan who was born in Loha village of Churu district. Both of them also sang as playback singers in Pakistani films.

The list is not exhaustive as some musicians and dancers may have been associated with Hindi films but did not get documented especially in the initial stage of sound films

For selecting a song for this post, I had varied choices among the artists I covered in the article. Finally, I settled for a song from ‘Kasturi’ (1954) which is set to music by Jamal Sen.

‘Kasturi’ (1954) had 9 songs of which 6 songs, all under the music direction of Pankaj Mullick, have been covered on the Blog. The remaining 3 songs from the film which are yet to be covered on the Blog, have been set to music by Jamal Sen. All the 9 songs were written by Vrajendra Gaur who also directed the film.

I am presenting the 7th song, ‘mujhe apna banaaya door door se’ from the film, rendered by Asha Bhosle. The video clip contains only partial song. The full song is available on the audio clip. The song has a flavour of the Rajasthani folk music.

Note: The basic information about some of the artists mentioned in this article is based on the Ph.D thesis ‘The Contributions of Churu District in the Growth and Development of Jaipur Gharana Kathak’ by Jagdish Sundarlal Gangani – Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Department of Dance (2007). Information on Jamal Sen is based on an article by Peeyush Sharma which appeared on Silhouette.

Audio Clip:

Video Clip (Partial):

Song-Mujhe apna banaaya door door se (Kasturi)(1954) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Vrajendra Gaur, MD-Jamal Sen

Lyrics (Based on Audio Clip):

ho o o o o
ho o o o o
ho o o o o
ho o o o o
ho o o o o
ho o o o o
ho o o o o
ho o o o o

mujhe apna banaaya door door se
dil ki baaten kahoongi main huzoor se
mujhe apna banaaya door door se
dil ki baaten kahoongi main huzoor se

ho o o o o
meri ankhiyaan sote se jaagin
ho o o o
meri ankhiyaan sote se jaagin
aur jaagin to tum sang laagin
kyun na dekhoon main
kyun na dekhoon main tumko guroor se
mujhe apna banaaya door door se
mujhe apna banaaya door door se
dil ki baaten kahoongi main huzoor se

ho o o o
kiya kismat ne aisa ishaara aa aa
kiya kismat ne aisa ishaara
mila mujhko tumhara sahaaraa aa aa
tumne rishta
tumne rishta nibhaaya majboor se
mujhe apna banaaya door door se
mujhe apna banaaya door door se
dil ki baaten kahoongi main huzoor se

ho o o o o
tum to chhup ke se aaye mere man mein
ho o o o
tum to chhup ke se aaye mere man mein
mera uljha hai man uljhan mein
dekho badla na lo
dekho badla na lo bekusoor se
mujhe apna banaaya door door se
mujhe apna banaaya door door se
dil ki baaten kahoongi main huzoor se


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4835 Post No. : 16618

koi aaghe aaghe thhi venu vaay chhe

Thus sang the Nightingale of Gujarat, Kaumudi Munshi, who is regarded as the pioneer in popularising the semi-classical non-filmy songs in Gujarati.

Today, October 13, 2021 is first Remembrance Day of vocalist, Kaumudi Munshi, the Gujarat Kokila who regaled her Gujarati admirers spread all over the world with her beautiful renditions of semi-classical non-film songs. She sang in the genres of bhajans, ghazals, thumris, dadras and other forms of ‘sugam sangeet’ in Gujarati and Hindi for over 6 decades.

I had watched the videos of the facilitations to Kaumudi Munshi on the occasion her 90th birth day, held sometime in 2019 during which she also rendered a few of her popular non-film songs. She looked hale and hearty even in her 90s with clear diction. Unfortunately, she became one of the victims of Covid and left for her heavenly abode in the early morning of October 13, 2020 at the age of 91. Aakashvaani, Rajkot paid a special tribute to Kaumudi Munshi by playing some of her non-filmy Gujarati songs on the same day.

Kaumudi Munshi (1929 – 13/10/2020) was the sixth child of Kunwar Nandlal Munshi and Anuben Munshi, born in Varanasi in a landlord family. Her forefathers belonged to Vadnagar in Gujarat but they had settled in Varanasi 6-7 generations back. Hence the family members mostly spoke in Hindi. Because of the servants in the house who spoke in Awadhi and Bhojpuri, she was proficient in speaking these dialects also.

From the childhood, Kaumudi was exposed to classical music as there used to be regular musical soirees in her house. After completion of graduation in music from Banaras Hindu University in 1950, she came to Mumbai where her brothers were settled. Her maternal uncle and Gujarati laureate, Ramanlal Desai and his son Akshay Desai helped her in pursuing a career in music. Akshay Desai taught her Gujarati in which she was not proficient due to her upbringing in Varanasi.

After passing the audition test, Kaumudi Munshi joined All India Radio (AIR) as a singer in 1951. Starting as a chorus singer, she graduated to singing solo songs on AIR, mostly composed by Ninu Mazumdar, the music director of Hindi films of 40s and early 50s who was also a music producer in AIR. This relationship developed into her marriage with Ninu Mazumdar in 1954.

Generally, training for vocalists in classical music starts in the childhood so that by the time, they attain adulthood, they are well trained to perform as concert vocalists. But in the case of Kaumudi Munshi, though she was interested in classical music, her family did not encourage her as singing was not regarded as honourable career for a girl. However, after the marriage, Ninu Mazumdar encouraged her to take a formal training in Hindustani classical music as a vocalist. She had two options to take training – Siddeshwari Devi, the thumri queen and Begum Akhtar, the ghazal queen. Kaumudi Munshi chose Siddeshwari Devi over Begum Akhtar purely from the logistic point of view as the former was staying in Varanasi and Kaumudi had the parental house in Varanasi.

During 1955-60, Kaumudi Munshi mostly stayed in Varanasi for her training and accompanied Siddeshwari Devi on her concerts and the music conferences. Later, she also took training from Ustad Taj Ahmed Khan for ghazal singing.

After returning to Mumbai in early 1960s, she concentrated on singing thumri, dadra, ghazal, bhajan, and folk songs mainly from Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat. Most of her songs were composed by her husband, Ninu Mazumdar though she also worked with other music director like Avinash Vyas, Dilip Dholkiya, Ajit Merchant etc. She sang semi-classical songs mainly in Gujarati and Hindi Probably, Kaumudi Munshi may be the first to popularise the Hindustani semi-classical songs in Gujarati. She also composed and sung children’s songs both in Hindi and Gujarati.

Kaumudi Munshi’s association with Hindi films was very limited. It started and virtually ended in 1954 with two films – ‘Bhai Saheb’ (1954) and ‘Teen Tasveeren’ (1954) for which her husband, Ninu Mazumdar was the music director. The reason was that she started singing in Hindi films only after her marriage with Ninu Mazumdar in 1954. In the same year, she left for Varanasi to be the disciple of Siddeshwari Devi. After her return to Mumbai in early 1960s, she and her husband concentrated on non-filmy semi-classical and folk songs though she sang in two Hindi films, ‘Shola Aur Shabnam’ (1961) and ‘Raja Aur Rank’ (1968) besides singing a song in a Bhojpuri film ‘Bidesiya’ (1963).

On the occasion of the first Remembrance Day of Kaumudi Munshi, I have chosen one of her songs from the film ‘Teen Tasveeren’ (1954). The song is ‘kar ke singaar chali, saajan ke dwaar chali’. The song is in two parts. The part of the song sung by Kaumudi Munshi and chorus is written by Prem Dhawan while remaining part-1 and the full pat-2 of the song sung by Ninu Mazumdar is mainly based on Sant Kabir Das’s nirgun bhajan.

‘Teen Tasveeren’ (1954) was a very obscure film with not so well-known cast. I have no idea about the story of the film. Hence, it is difficult to know the context in which the song under discussion was picturised. What I can surmise is that while the first part of the song rendered by Kaumudi Munshi and Chorus is pre-wedding ‘bidaai’ song, the part of the song sung by Ninu Mazumdar which continues in Part-2 is, in the broader context of ‘bidaai’ from this world. In a way, part-2 of the song is philosophical. The word, ‘saajan’ has been used metaphorically to mean the Lord of the universe in Ninu Mazumdar’s version.

The broad meaning of the Ninu Mazumdar’s version of the song is as under:

O clever woman, be ready with make-up and the best dresses. You have to go to the God’s house. Do wash, bathe and braid your hairs. There is no returning from God’s house where the shroud will be of earth; the bed will be of earth and thus you will have to get united with the earth.

————————————————————————————-

Note: The life sketch of Kaumudi Munshi is based on https://www.kaumudimunshi.com/about.html and the video of her interview taken in Gujarati on the occasion of her 90th birthday celebration.

Audio Clip (Parts-1&2):

Song-Kar ke singaar chali saajan ke dwaar chali (Teen Tasweeren)(1954) Singers-Kaumudi Munshi, Ninu Majumdar, Lyrics-Kabeer, MD-Ninu Majumdar
Chorus

Lyrics

————————-
Part-1
————————-

kar ke singaar chali
saajan ke dwaar chali
chatura albe..li
kar ke singaar chali
saajan ke dwaar chali
chatura albe..li
chhanan chhanan mori ghunghroo baaje
jhanan jhanan paayaliyaa re
jhanan jhanan paayaliyaa
chhanan chhanan mori ghunghroo baaje
jhanan jhanan paayaliyaa re
jhanan jhanan paayaliyaa
sanan sanan gaaye re pawan ghan
ghanan ghanan baadaliyaa
sanan sanan gaaye re pawan ghan
ghanan ghanan baadaliyaa
o o o o o o
kar ke singaar chali
saajan ke dwaar chali
chatura albe..li

dhin ta thai thai
dhin ta thai thai
dhin dha ki ta dhaki ta dha
dhin ta thai thai
dhin ta thai thai
dhin ta thai thai
dhin dha ki ta dhaki ta dha
dhaki ta dha
ta thai thai

gori teri saajan kaun albela
khel kahaan preet ka khela aa
gori teri saajan kaun albela
khel kahaan preet ka khela

o o o o o
mujhse na poochho
poochho in nainan se..ae
jaane ye kya kah baithe ae saajan se
thhaam ke mori bainyyaan
chupke se bole sainyaan
thhaam ke mori bainyyaan
chupke se bole sainyaan
ab raha jaaye na akela
o o o o o o
saj dhaj ke naar chali
ban ke bahaar chali
chatura albe..li
kar ke singaar chali
saajan ke dwaar chali
chatura albe..li

kar le singaa….ar
chatura albeli ee ee
saajan ke ghar jaana hoga
kar le singaa….ar

————————–
Part-2
————————–

kar le singaa….ar
chatura albeli ee ee
saajan ke ghar jaana hogaa
kar le singaa…aar

naha le dho le
sheesh gunthha le
naha le dho le
sheesh gunthha le
phir wahaan se nahin aana hogaa…aa
saajan ke ghar jaana hogaa
kar le singaa…ar
chatura albeli..ee ee
saajan ke ghar jaana hogaa
kar le singa….ar

mitti odhaawan mitti bichhaawan
mitti odhaawan mitti bichhaawan
mitti mein mil jaana hogaa…aa
mitti mein mil jaana hogaa
mitti mein mil jaana hogaa


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