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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Song of 1937’ Category


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3455 Post No. : 13856

Ardeshir Irani and his film production company, Imperial Movietone was associated with India’s first talkie film ‘Alam Ara’ (1931). In the same year, he was also associated with the first Tamil talkie film ‘Kalidas’ (1931) as a producer. Ardeshir Irani had another ‘first’ to his credit. He produced ‘Kisaan Kanya’ (1937) which was the first indigenously processed full colour film in India using Cinecolour process. Ardeshir Irani acquired the processing rights from an American Company. The film was processed in India with Imperial Movietone’s technicians under the supervision of a foreigner, WM Henius.

All these years, I was under the impression that Prabhat Film Company’s Marathi film, ‘Sairandhri’ (1933) directed by V Shantaram was the first Indian colour film. However, it transpired that this film had only some scenes in colour and the film was processed and printed in Germany.

‘Kisaan Kanya’ was directed by Moti B Gidwani. The star cast included Padma Devi, Master Nissar, Ghani, Ghulam Mohammed, Jilloo Bai, Sayed Ahmed etc. The film took one year to complete. The film was released on Saturday, January 8, 1938 at the Majestic Cinema, Mumbai. A report in Filmindia magazine mentions that there was a mad rush around the theatre for the tickets. A large number of cinegoers were disappointed as they could not get tickets. The next day, the Sunday, the scene at the theatres was no different. There was a terrible traffic jam for hours on the road leading to Majestic Cinema. Trams and cars were held up as crowd refused to move away. All the four shows of the day were houseful. The film ran for six weeks in this theatre.

The film was based on a story written by Professor Ziauddin of Shanti Niketan. Sadat Hasan Manto wrote the scenarios and dialogues. The gist of the story of the film based on a review which appeared in January 1938 issue of ‘Filmindia’ magazine is given below:

In a village, a landlord (Ghani) exploits the farmers and leaves no opportunity to rob them of their legitimate earnings. Ramu (Master Nissar), the farmer is no exception. He has been regularly exploited by the landlord. Ramdai (Zilloo Bai), the landlord’s wife is a religiously inclined and resents her husband’s actions. Bansari (Padma Devi) is a maid servant in the house of the landlord who is in love with Ramu. The romance of Bansari and Ramu go on smoothly until Ramu is arrested on a false charge of murdering the landlord. Ramdai, the landlord’s wife is aware as to who had murdered her husband. Realising that the innocent Ramu’s life would be taken away, she goes to Randhir (Ghulam Mohammed), a villain with a heart, who had actually murdered the landlord. Ramdai pleads with him to confess for the sake of Bansari, the girl who is also loved by Randhir.

In the climax, Randhir in the bravado character, confesses his crime of murdering the landlord. Ramu is released. The final scenes of the film depict the the need for the wealthy persons to come forwards to help the poor villagers of India.

The critical part of the film’s review was that the title of the film itself was not reflective of the film’s main theme as it portrayed more of the plights of village life as a whole than just of a ‘kisaan kanya’. Padma Devi had only a limited role in the film. In the film’s publicity, she was portrayed as ‘Colour Queen of India’. In spite of huge publicity drive that preceded the release of the film and superb technical aspects, the film did not meet the high expectation from the cinegoers due to the weak story line and dialogues as the reviewer said. Probably, this film was an early attempt to portray the poverty and crime in Indian villages and the film audience were not ready for this theme.

With this film, things became clear that unless the film had robust story and dialogues to go with it, colouration of the film would not add value for the producers and distributors of the films. Nonetheless, ‘Kisaan Kanya’ was regarded as ‘moderately successful film’ at the box office. Ardeshir Irani once again tried the colour in ‘Mother India’ (1938) after which the colour processing was abandoned. The box office success of Mehboob Khan’s ‘Aan’ (1951) revived the interest of film makers to produce the colour films. However, it took another decade for the film producers to shift to colour films in large numbers.

The film has 10 songs composed by Ram Gopal Pandey. Name of the song writer is not known. None of the songs were available on YT and similar websites until I made a video of one song from the film with mp3 clip with me and uploaded on YT. So, here is the first song “Dil Bas Mein Nahin Hai Mera” from the film sung by Padma Devi who had donned the role of Bansari, the ‘kisaan kanya’ in the film. The prelude to the song starts with a vilambit laya dhun (slow tempo tune) on sitar. The prelude is of the duration of 1:15 which leaves the time for the song of just two stanzas.

I could not get much information on Padma Devi’s background and her later life. I got some tit bits from a letters to the editor column of ‘Filmindia’ magazine. Padma Devi (real name: Neelima) was a Bengali artist who came to Bombay (Mumbai) sometime in 1930. She initially worked in the silent films, first as a junior artist then as a stunt actress. If I go by her early talkie films and the way she got publicity in ‘Filmindia’ magazine, I guess, Baburao Patel had a role in promoting her filmy career. Her first four talkie films were directed by Baburao Patel. Sadat Hasan Manto, in his book ‘Stars from Another Sky’ also mentioned about the ‘puppet on a string’ like relationship between Baburao Patel and Padma Devi. In the 1940s, her filmy career seems to have declined considerably.

With this song, ‘Kisaan Kanya’ (1937) and Padma Devi make debut in the blog.

[Ed Note: Although the name of the music director, Ramgopal Pandey, is also appearing for the first time. However, there is one more music director with the name Ramgopal, who has already made his debut on the blog. A quick scrutiny of the Geet Kosh reveals that starting with 1931, the two music director names viz., Ramgopal and Ramgopal Pandey, appear contemporaneously. We request knowledgable readers to please add more information about this music director(s), and clarify whether these two names are of the same individual, or two different people.]


Song – Dil Bas Mein Nahin Hai Mera (Kisaan Kanya) (1937) Singer – Padma Devi, Lyrics – [Unattributed], MD – Ramgopal Pandey

Lyrics

dil bas mein nahi hai meraa
dil meraa
haan
dil bas mein nahi hai meraa
dil meraa
andhiyaare ne aakar gheraa
andhiyaare ne aakar gheraa aa
dil meraa aa
dil bas mein nahi hai meraa
dil meraa
haan
dil bas mein nahi hai meraa
dil meraa

bholaai huyi main
chidiya hoon main
bholaai huyi main
chidiya hoon main
dhoond rahi hoon deraa
main dhoond rahi hoon deraa
haan
dil meraa aa
dil bas mein nahi hai meraa
dil meraa
haan
dil bas mein nahi hai meraa
dil meraa

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

दिल बस में नहीं है मेरा
दिल मेरा
हाँ
दिल बस में नहीं है मेरा
दिल मेरा
अँधियारे ने आकर घेरा
अँधियारे ने आकर घेरा॰॰आ
दिल मेरा॰॰आ
दिल बस में नहीं है मेरा
दिल मेरा
हाँ
दिल बस में नहीं है मेरा
दिल मेरा

भुलाई हुई मैं
चिड़िया हूँ मैं
भुलाई हुई मैं
चिड़िया हूँ मैं
ढूंढ रही हूँ डेरा
मैं ढूंढ रही हूँ डेरा
हाँ
दिल मेरा॰॰आ
दिल बस में नहीं है मेरा
दिल मेरा
हाँ
दिल बस में नहीं है मेरा
दिल मेरा

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today’s song is from the film Jagirdar-1937. The film was made by Sagar Movietone.

In the first decade after the Talkie Era started, Sagar Movietone was one of the major film making companies in Bombay. The Desai family, along with Dr. Ambalal Patel, were originally in Film Distribution business, but decided to enter the actual film production. Sagar Film Company, which had produced 12 silent films, was converted to Sagar Movietone in 1931, after Desai and Patel joined it.
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This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Recently, Tommydan55 has uploaded the film PREM KAHAANI (1937) with some cleaning and restoration works relating to both the video and the audio. The full film is here. The result was that I got motivated to watch the movie without much of the strain on my eyes. What a film! As against my expectation of a slow moving story of the film which was my experience in most of the films of the 30s, this film was different. The slick editing of the film ensured that the story moved in a pace comfortable for viewing. This may be the reason as to why I could watch the movie in one sitting which I seldom do especially in respect of old classic Hindi films of 30s and 40s. The DVD/VCD of the movie is of 1 hour 30 minutes which means that the film has been heavily edited for DD/VCD including a couple of songs. But I did not find much issue with the continuity of the story.
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This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Toofaani Toli” aka Reckless Rogues was directed by Jayant Desai for Ranjit Movietone, Bombay. The movie had Madhuri, E Bilimoria, Ishwarlal, Dixit, Ghori, Bhupat Rai, Ram Apte, Anees Khatoon, Kalyani, Waheedan Bai, Kantilal, Shahjahaan etc in it.
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This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

The Wonderful Sounds of 1930s – 7
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

If this voice sounds familiar, that is because we have heard him before on this blog.  The earlier posted song is also a delightful rendition – “Bhar Bhar Ke Jaam Pilaa De Bahaar Aayi” from the film ‘Miss Frontier Mail’ (1936).  The singer is Basheer Ahmed Khan, also known as Basheer Qawwaal.  This song today is from a very obscure and almost unheard film from 1937 – ‘His Highness’.  As I am browsing the songs from 1930s in my collection, I am finding excellent gems that have been unheard of for decades.  Wonderful pieces of music that are excellent compositions of excellent verses.  The obscurity can be gauged from the fact that almost no information is available about the film, or the artists that have contributed to create this, and other such obscure and rare gems.
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This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Izzat”(1937) was directed by Franz Osten for Bombay Talkies. The movie had Devika Rani and Ashok Kumar in lead roles. The movie also had Kamta Prasad, Fateh singh, M Nazir, Ahmad, Mumtaz Ali, K H Dharamsi, Vimla, P F Peethawala, N M Joshi, Ameer Ali, Suneeta Devi, Madhurika, Manohar Ghatwai, Chandraprabha etc in it.
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This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Anaath Ashram”(1937) was directed by Hem Chandar for New Theatres, Calcutta. The movie had Uma Shashi, Najam, Jagdeesh, Prithviraj, Nawab, Master Sattu, Nemo, Manorama, Trilok Kapoor, Vilayatu, Kalyani, Harimati, Bela, Devbala, K N Singh etc in it.
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This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Mukti”(1937) was directed by P C Barua for New Theatres, Calcutta. The movie had P C Barua, Kanan Devi, Menka, Nawaab, Jagdeesh, Vikram Kapoor, Pankaj Mullick, Kalyani, Nand Kishore, Girdhari, Prafull Roy, Nawab Khan, Devbala etc in it.
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This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Mukti”(1937) was directed by P C Barua for New Theatres, Calcutta. The movie had P C Barua, Kanan Devi, Menka, Nawaab, Jagdeesh, Vikram Kapoor, Pankaj Mullick, Kalyani, Nand Kishore, Girdhari, Prafull Roy, Nawab Khan, Devbala etc in it.
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This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Vidyapati” (1937) was directed by Debaki Basu for New Theatres, Calcutta. The movie had Prithviraj Kapoor, Chhaaaya Devi, Pahadi Sanyal, Kanan Devi, Nemo, K C Dey, Kedar, Rampyari, Mohammad Ishaaq, K N Singh, Leela Desai etc in it.
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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for more than nine years. This blog has over 14000 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3500 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

14075

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Movies with all their songs covered =1084
Total Number of movies covered =3841

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