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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Shivratri Song’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3881 Post No. : 14905

I wish all our readers a very Happy and cosmic MAHASHIVRATRI, to be celebrated today, i.e. 4th March 2019.

This is the one day in the entire year (barring Shravan Somvars) on which I become more religious and engage in pooja, listening to Shiv Bhajans and also do fasting. Our family was very religious. My father was a Sanskrit Scholar and had spent some time in Banares, giving religious sermons in the Kashi Vishveshar Temple during 1948-49. This was the time when he had gone underground to avoid arrest, as most Hindu Mahasabha leaders were arrested along with Savarkar, after Gandhi ji’s death. He was finally arrested and freed by the court “ba-izzat“. We came down to Hyderabad and he started practicing as a Lawyer as he was BA LLB.

Very soon we moved into our spacious bungalow, adjacent (within our compound) to which he constructed a Mahadev Mandir. It was open to public also. Every Shrawan Somvar and Mahashivaratri, there used to be big celebrations, a pooja by 101 bramhins and playing of Shiv Bhajans throughout the day. All this has been etched deep on my mind and I too became a Shiv Bhakta. Now also I do poojas on these days, but I miss all those days’ enjoyment as a growing teenager.

I have read the Shiv Puraan completely (and also other Puraans). The marriage of Shiv-Parvati has been described very minutely in this Puraan. They are believed to have married on the midnight of Mahashivratri. During the period upto early 70s, I never missed any Hindi/ Marathi/ Telugu/ Kannada Shiva film. I have also seen this film – ‘Shankar Parvati’ (1943).

‘SHANKAR PARVATI’ was quite a successful movie in those days, as it appealed to the religious minded Indians, who have grown up listening to mythological stories. I remember seeing this movie in its second run, as there was an attraction of trick scenes in this movie. The story is about how Sati (Sadhona Bose) the daughter of King Daksha, goes to attend Yagnya by Daksha, uninvited and gets insulted for her husband – Shankar (played by Arun Kumar Ahuja- father of actor Govinda). She jumps into the fire and dies and on hearing this, Shankar is very angry and does the Tandav Nritya. Sati is reborn as Parvati, who, to regain her love back, dances and wins Shankar. Their elder son Kartikeya ,destroys Tarakasur etc.

Sadhana Bose was an internationally acclaimed dancer and acted in some Hindi and several Bengali movies in the 1940s and 1950s.
Her most famous film was ‘RAJNARTAKI’ (1941), opposite Prithviraj Kapoor and it was made in Hindi, English and Bengali at the same time. Though a box office failure, it had fabulous dances by her.

There are few songs sung by Sadhana Bose in ‘Shankar Parvati’ and ‘Paigham’ (1942). According to Timir Baran, these are not sung by her, but by Suprabha Ghosh. However, famous music Historian Kamalakar Pasupuleti says that Sadhana Bose was an accomplished dancer and singer too. In her all time favourite ‘ALIBABA’ in Bengali she, as Marjina, and her director husband Madhu Bose, as Abdulla in the film, sang many duets which are popular even today in Bengal.

Arun Mukherji, Music Director of ‘Parineeta’ (1953), had literally translated one song from ‘Alibaba’ in Hindi “Aye Baandi, Tum Begum Bani….’ sung by Kishore and Asha in ‘Parineeta’ (1953).

The film was directed by Chaturbhuj Doshi. During the early era of talkie films, till the 1960s, there was a horde of Gujarati directors and producers. Bhatts, Trivedi, Thakur, Shahs, Desais, Pancholi, Doshi, Daves were some names frequently found directing various genres. Usually they specialised in certain class and type of films. The Bhatts (Shankar and Vijay) liked to do Mythological films, Ramnik Shah handled stunt, action, fantasy films, Jayant Desai was social film oriented etc.

Chaturbhuj Doshi (1894–1969) was a Hindi and Gujarati writer-director of Indian cinema. He was one of the top Gujarati screenplay writers, who helped script stories for the Punatar productions. He is stated to be one of the leading figures who launched the Gujarati film industry with work on notable films like ‘Gunsundari’ (1948) and ‘Nanand Bhojai’ (1948). He was ‘well known’ for his family socials and had become ‘a celebrity in his own right’. He made a name for himself as a journalist initially and was referred to as the ‘famous journalist’ & publicist by Baburao Patel, editor of Filmindia.

His debut film as a director was ‘Gorakh Aya’ (1938), produced by Ranjit Movietone, though he joined Ranjit in 1929, as a scriptwriter. In 1938, he directed another film for Ranjit, a social comedy, ‘The Secretary’, and both films were box-office successes for Doshi. His forte was socials, regularly adapting stories and novels for films. He worked initially on comedies like ‘Secretary’ and ‘Musafir’ (1940), but then ‘shifted to more significant films’.

Chaturbhuj Anandji Doshi was born in 1894 in Kathiawad, Gujarat, British India. He was educated at the University of Bombay, after graduation he started work as a journalist for a daily, Hindustan (1926), working for editor Indulal Yagnik. His entry into films was working as a scenarist in the silent era for directors like Jayant Desai, Nandlal Jaswantlal & Nanubhai Vakil. He joined Ranjit Movietone in 1929, and wrote stories and screenplay for several of Ranjit films.

Film ‘Gorakh Aya’ (Gorakh has come) in 1938, was the first film directed by Doshi. It was produced by Ranjit Movietone with screenplay by Gunvantrai Acharya & dialogues by PL Santoshi. The music, termed ‘good’ was composed by Gyan Dutt. ‘The Secretary’ (1938), was a “riotous comedy”, starring Madhuri, Trilok Kapoor. Charlie. The music was composed by Gyan Dutt, became a regular in most of the films directed by Doshi. Musafir in 1940 was a comedy costume drama, which had Charlie playing a prince.

‘Bhakta Surdas’, a devotional film directed by Doshi in 1942, is stated to be the “most famous” of the several versions made. It starred KL Saigal and Khursheed “the singing idol(s) of millions”, winning “unprecedented popularity” everywhere.

‘Mehemaan’ (1942) starred Madhuri, Ishwarlal, Shamim and Mubarak. Music director Bulo C. Rani had come to Bombay in 1942, and joined Ranjit Studios assisting Khemchand Prakash in music direction.

Doshi helped enormously in the development of the Gujarati cinema. During 1948-49 he directed three successful Gujarati films which “brought immense success to the industry”. The success of the Gujarati film ‘Kariyavar’ in 1948, directed by Chaturbhuj Doshi from a story by Shaida, called Vanzari Vaav, helped establish the Gujarati film industry along with other films like ‘Vadilo Ne Vanke’ (1948) by Ram Chandra Thakur and ‘Gadono Bel’ (1950) by Ratibhai Punatar. His next Gujarati film was ‘Jesal Toral’ (1948) based on folk-lore, which proved a big box-office success. In 1949, Doshi directed another Gujarati film, ‘Vevishal’, an adaptation of Meghani’s novel of the same name.

He also wrote stories, and one of his stories ‘Pati Bhakti’ was used in the Tamil film ‘En Kanawar’ (1948) produced by Ajit Pictures, which starred the Veena maestro, Sundaram Balachander, who was also the debut director and music composer for the film. In all he directed 24 Hindi films. His last Hindi film was ‘Sanskar’ (1958). He had also written few songs in film ‘Maya Bazaar’ (1932).

Chaturbhuj Doshi died on 21 January 1969 in Bombay, Maharashtra, India. Filmography

1932: Narasinh Mehta (Writer), 1934: Sitamgarh (Writer), 1938: Gorakh Aya, Secretary, 1939: Adhuri Kahani, 1940: Musafir, 1941:Pardesi, Sasural, 1942: Bhakta Surdas, Dhiraj, Mehmaan, 1943: Chhoti Maa, Shankar Parvati (Director, Writer), 1944: Bhartrahari, 1945:Murti, 1946: Phulwari, 1947: Bela, Kaun Hamara, 1948: Jesal Toral, Kariyavar (Director, Writer), Sati Sone, 1949: Bhakta Puran, Vevishal, 1950: Akhand Saubhagya, Kisi Ki Yaad, Ramtaram, 1954: Aurat Teri Yahi Kahani, 1956: Aabroo, Dashera, Dassehra, 1957: Khuda Ka Banda, Shesh Naag, 1958: Sanskar, 1960: Mehndi Rang Lagyo (Writer, Lyricist).

The cast of the film was Sadhona Bose, Arun Ahuja, Mahipal, Rewa Shankar, Narbada Shankar etc. The MD was Gyan Dutt. Today’s song is sung by Rewa Shankar Marwadi. This is only the second song of Rewa Shankar on this blog. About 3 years ago, our Sadanand Kamath ji had given a complete biography of the actress dancer Sadhona Bose, while discussing the song – “Ganga Kinaare Mohe Bagiyaa Lagaa Do Sainyya“, of this film, hence I will not repeat it.

Sadhana Bose was responsible for the names of at least 2 actresses in Bombay. Actress Sadhana Shivdasani’s mother was very much impressed with the dancing skills of Sadhana Bose. She was her fan and saw her films repeatedly. When she was carrying for Sadhana, she had decided that if she gets a girl, her name would be Sadhana only. Thus Bombay Sadhana got the Calcutta Sadhana’s name.
Secondly, actress/dancer Kumkum’s real name was Zebunnisa. When she was selected by director Shahid Lateef, for his film ‘Sheesha’ (1952), first time for debut, there was already an actress Zebunnisa existing. What’s more, this Zebunnisa was also in the same film, so Shahid was thinking for a new name for the newcomer. He remembered that his favourite Sadhana Bose had acted in a film by the name ‘Kumkum-the Dancer’ (1940), so he selected the name Kumkum for this new dancer and Kumkum got her name.
After Sadhna stopped her dance films as a heroine, she resumed her work as a choreographer. In the early 50s, she choreographed in films like ‘Bhola Shankar’ (1951), ‘Nandkishore’ (1951), ‘Shinshinaki Boobla Boo’ (1952). She used to do bit roles too in these films to earn money. It is very sad that she died in penury and neglect, but artistes in the 40s and 50s-many of them- had similar stories.

I tried very hard to get some information about today’s singer Rewa Shankar Marwadi, who was an actor, lyricist, singer and also music director  in the 1930s and 1940s. However I could not get anything concrete. Anyway I found a note on this multi talented artist of the early era, written by Shri Dhananjay Naniwadekar aka Nani, on the old RMIM forum, some 15 years ago and adapted by me for this article.

Some of Ranjit Movietone’s earliest talkie films had music by Ustad Jhande Khan. Next came the trio of Banne Khan, Ganga Prasad Pathak and Rewa Shankar Marwari. None of that music was ever released on 78 rpm records. From 1938-39, the great duo of Jnan Dutt and Khemchand Prakash took over the charge of Ranjit’s music, later to be joined by Bulo C Rani. It was only around 1938 that Ranjit started releasing its film music on 78-rpm records.

Rewa Shankar Marwari’s association with Ranjit Films and films produced or directed by ex-Ranjit hand Jayant Desai continued in the
1940s. While it is a pleasant surprise that imdb.com has a page for an obscure name like ‘Rewashankar Marwadi’ at all, it is not surprising
that his filmography has been put together for the site by people who are far from competent at that sort of thing. He acted in 27 films, till 1955, sang 12 songs in 9 films and gave music to 21 films from ‘Veer Babruwahan’ (1934) to ‘Matrubhoomi’ (1949).

Rewa Shankar sang a beautiful classical composition ‘Jai Jai Shankar’ in the film ‘Shankar Parvati’ for composer Jnan Dutt. It is available with only few collectors, and is a rare instance of film music using Raag Shree.

Song – Jai Jai Shankar Gangadhar Shiv Sukhkaari  (Shankar Parvati) (1943) Singer – Rewa Shankar, Lyrics – Pt Indra, Music – Gyan Dutt

Lyrics

jai jai shankar gangadhar shiv sukhkaari
jai jai shankar gangadhar shiv sukhkaari
jai ajar amar anandroop bhayahaari
jai ajar amar anandroop bhayahaari
jai jai shankar gangadhar shiv sukhkaari

jai indu bhaal ur vyaal maal hitkari
jai indu bhaal ur vyaal maal hitkari
jai ashutosh har dosh rog tripurari
jai ashutosh har dosh rog tripurari
jai jai shankar gangadhar shiv sukhkaari
jai ajar amar anandroop bhayahaari
jai ajar amar anandroop bhayahaari
jai jai shankar gangadhar shiv sukhkaari
jai jai shankar gangadhar
jai shankar gangadhar shiv sukhkaari
jai ajar amar anandroop bhayahaari
jai jai shankar gangadhar
jai shankar gangadhar
jai shankar gangadhar shiv sukhkaari
jai jai

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-

जय जय शंकर गंगाधर शिव सुखकारी
जय जय शंकर गंगाधर शिव सुखकारी
जय अजर अमर आनन्दरूप भयहारी
जय अजर अमर आनन्दरूप भयहारी
जय जय शंकर गंगाधर शिव सुखकारी

जय इन्दु भाल उर व्याल माल हितकारी
जय इन्दु भाल उर व्याल माल हितकारी
जय आशुतोष हर दोष रोग त्रिपुरारी
जय आशुतोष हर दोष रोग त्रिपुरारी
जय जय शंकर गंगाधर शिव सुखकारी
जय अजर अमर आनन्दरूप भयहारी
जय अजर अमर आनन्दरूप भयहारी
जय जय शंकर गंगाधर शिव सुखकारी
जय जय शंकर गंगाधर
जय शंकर गंगाधर शिव सुखकारी
जय अजर अमर आनन्दरूप भयहारी
जय जय शंकर गंगाधर
जय शंकर गंगाधर
जय जय शंकर गंगाधर शिव सुखकारी
जय जय

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today (24 july 2017) is the First Monday of the Holy month of Shravan, as observed in the Western, some Eastern and Southern states of India. On this occasion, here is a very melodious Shiv bhajan from the film Shivratri-54. Chitragupta, the King of melody, has composed this bhajan by G.S. Nepali, and is sung sweetly by Asha Bhosle.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today (24 february 2017) is the biggest Shiv festival of India-MAHASHIVRATRI. I, on this occasion, wish all our readers a very pious, happy and fulfilling day of Bhakti and celebration.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today is Monday,7th March 2016,the holy day of MAHA SHIVRATRI.

I wish all our readers happiness and may Lord Shiv ji shower His Blessings on all of you, today and always !
Read more on this topic…


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has over 15200 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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