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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Rashid Atre Songs’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3628 Post No. : 14452

Today’s song is from a film ‘Paaro’ (1947), made during the turmoil of Independence of India. By early 1947, it was clear that India would be divided and a new nation, based on religion, would be carved out by bifurcating United India. The name Pakistan was also known to everyone.

Like in every other field of activity, Hindi film industry  was also abuzz with rumours of who is migrating and who is not. Close to the month of June, July 1947, many ‘would be’ migrators were seen selling their properties. There was total chaos in film world. People were seen with suspicion and caution. All this culminated in a frenzy of activity in the industry. Everyone was in a hurry to complete his assignments. Financiers were hastening the producers and directors to complete their films somehow.

This finally ended in a record number of films made in the year 1947. The number of total films made was 280, and only Hindi films were 181. This record number was surpassed only after 41 years ! In the year 1985, the number of Hindi films made was 185. These figures are taken from Film Index by Harmandir ji. It automatically transpired that the quantity was achieved at the cost of quality. Almost 75 to 80 % films of 1947 were obscure and forgotten within a short time.

Films like ‘Aisa Kyun’, ‘Atom Bomb’, ‘Barrister’, ‘Beete Din’, ‘Chalte Chalte’, ‘Chandrahaas’, ‘Dehati’, ‘Daulat Ke Liye’, ‘Extra Girl’, ‘Farz’, ‘Gaurav’, ‘Gudiya’, ‘Heera’, ‘Janata’, ‘Jhalak’, ‘Khandaani’, ‘Lalat’, ‘Manmaani’, ‘Mere Bhagwan’, ‘Mohan’, ‘Nai Baat’, ‘Pehla Pyaar’, ‘Riwaaz’, ‘Shabari’, ‘Shahkaar’, ‘Tohfa’, ‘Toote Dil’, ‘Veerangana’ are some of the films made in 1947. How many of us even know about them ? Actually, some of these were films in which well known and major stars of the times had acted. For example, Mohan had Dev Anand as hero, Lalat was the debut film of Usha Kiran (as Usha Marathe), Prem Adib and Vanmala had acted in Chandrahaas etc.

‘Paaro’ was also one such film which was probably the outcome of the frenzy of 1947. The music director, the heroine, the director, both the lyricists and one singer of this film migrated to Pakistan at their earliest. I have not seen this film. perhaps it never came to Hyderabad. After Independence, Sardar Patel had launched ‘Operation Polo’, to annexe Hyderabad state  to India in 1948. The state was in turmoil, so new releases of 1947 came only after October 1948, that too only the most popular ones like ‘Shehnai’, ‘Saajan’, ‘Naatak’, ‘Neelkamal’, ‘Jugnu’, ‘Elaan’, ‘Dard’ and the likes of them.

The cast of film ‘Paaro’ was Geeta Nizami, Randhir, Jeevan, Ranjeet Kumari (who married actor Ram Singh and settled in UP) , Saroj Borkar, Kusum Bhate (sister of Rohini Bhate, the internationally famous dancer, on whom Lata’s first playback song was filmed in film ‘Aap Ki Sewa Mein’) etc. Geeta Nizami’s real name was Rashida Begum. She was born in 1926, in a middle class family of Lahore. At the age of 14, she was married to Barkat Nizami, uncle of actress Mumtaz Shanti. This was his second marriage.

It was through the efforts of Barkat Nizami that she was introduced to the screen. This person had a knack for recruiting girls to cinema. First he brought in Mumtaz Shanti and then his own wife. According to him this was a business, more than a marriage. He used to take 50% of earnings from Mumtaz Shanti, but after she married Wali Saheb, this stopped. To compensate, he brought Geeta. He had made a written agreement with her that she will give 50% of her income to Barkat and 25 % to his son from first wife. She earned only 25 %. This type of arrangements used to be there in those days. This was nothing but exploitation of helpless poor girls.

Geeta Nizami made her debut as a Heroine.  Initially, she took on the name of Mohini, but after realizing that there was another actress Mohna, already in films, she became Geeta and added Nizami to it. Another actress having such a Hybrid name was Mumtaz Shanti, in the same period.

In her first film ‘Mann Ki Jeet’ (1944), she acted and had a song and dance. The song was “More Jubna Ka Dekho Ubhaar” sung by Zohrabai, written by Josh Malihabadi and composed by SK Pal. The dance Geeta did on this song was very sensuous. She was shown emerging from a blooming lotus and at that time she did such provocative actions that soon the song became talk of the town. The then Bombay Government, led by Morarji Desai, promptly banned the song, but in the rest of India the song became very popular.  Her second film was Navyug’s propaganda film ‘Panna’ (1944). Her acting in this film was so good that the Govt. of India gave her a gift of Rs. 9000 as a reward.

Famous author Manto says in his book, ‘Dastavej ‘ Vol 5, that after this film, Geeta Nizami left Barkat Nizami, refusing to give him any share of her earnings. He went to the court and his case lingered, meanwhile he migrated to Pakistan also. Geeta Nizami then married several times and was known for that.

Geeta Nizami could not continue long as a heroine in films. She was lead actress in only seven films, out of total 13 that she did in India. The reason why she did not get more roles as a heroine was found in a book by a well known author. According to this author, Geeta took a bath only once a week, smelt horrible and her head was full of lice. No actor was ready to do a close up scene with her. (I remember another actress of the early 1960s – Kalpana, with same reputation. Shammi Kapoor was on record saying that Kalpana smelt very foul as she probably took bath only once a month. He had refused to work again with her in any film, after ‘Professor’ (1962).)

Geeta Nizami did just 13 films. Her last film was ‘Ek Tha Ladka’ (1951). After this she migrated to Pakistan. In Pakistan she formed a dance troupe and did shows in various cities of Pakistan. She died on 28-4-2008.

The film had only 7 songs, written by Nakshab Jarchavi and S. Nadeem, composed by Music Director Rashid Atre.

Composer RASHEED ABDUL ATRE was born in Amritsar on 15-2-1919. His father Khushi Mohammed was a well known musician and singer. Rasheed learnt music from Ustad Khan Saheb Ashfaq Hussain. Then he went to Calcutta and worked under RC Boral. During his stay in Calcutta he is presumed to have composed songs for films ‘Pardanasheen’ (1942) and ‘Mamta’ (1942), under the name RA Atra. After coming back to Bombay he joined Jhande Khan and Gobindram in composing songs for Pagli’ (1943). He was assistant to composer Amir Ali in ‘Panna’ (1944). With Pt Amarnath, he composed songs for ‘Shirin Farhad’ (1945). Then came ‘Room No. 9’ (1946), ‘Nateeja’ (1947), ‘Paaro’ (1947) and ‘Shikaayat’ (1948). From 43 to 48 he gave music to 6 (confirmed) films. Not much, but then he did not get much time too.

‘Nateeja’ was a Muslim social made by Bombay Talkies and he was specially called for it. ‘Nateeja’ music was his best in India and all its songs became very popular. For ‘Room No 9’, he worked in Navyug Chitrapat Co. where one of the owners was PK Atre, a noted Marathi writer and dramatist. PK Atre was, of course a Hindu, but it was a coincidence.

After Partition Atre went to Pakistan. He first served Radio Pakistan, Rawalpindi and then at Lahore. He prospered in Pakistan and gave music in 54 Urdu and Punjabi films. He was awarded the coveted Nigar Award 3 times in a row.  The famous marching song of Pakistan ”Allah o Akba ” was composed by him. The first Pakistani film for which Rasheed Atre gave his music was director Masood Pervez’s ‘Beli’ (1950).

Three years after ‘Beli’, Rasheed was in-charge of music for director Nazir Ahmed Khan’s Punjabi film, ‘Shehri Babu’ (1953), whose evergreen songs still are popular in Pakistan . Atre’s music for director WZ Ahmed’s 1954 family-friendly film ‘Roohi’ (1954) was also a huge success.

Rasheed Atre’s music is all very praise-worthy in director Nazir Ahmed Khan’s film ‘Khatoon’, which was popular for its thumri. Atre’s composition exhibits an astonishing range and power in director Anwar Kamal Pasha’s superhit film ‘Sarfarosh’ (1956). In 1956, Rasheed was also given the responsibility of composing songs for director Anwar Kamal Pasha’s golden jubilee punjabi film ‘Chann Mahi’ (1956) (lyrics: Tufail Hoshiarpuri, starring: Bahar, Aslam Pervaiz). Atre was, indeed, a powerhouse of a musician and a case in point is director WZ Ahmed’s all-time favorite film, ‘Waada’ (1957), which happened to be a movie from a more idealistic time. At the height of his fame, Atre came up with his magical composition for film director Anwar Kamal Pasha’s semi-historical movie, ‘Anarkali’ (1958). To be precise, it was a joint venture of 2 film music composers Rasheed Attre and Master Inayat Hussain.

Rasheed Attre passed away on December 18, 1967, at the age of 48.

Today’s song is sung by Rashid Atre himself with co singers, whose names are not mentioned in HFGK, so no guessing. Both, singer Rashid Atre and the film Paro-47 make a debut on the blog today.

[Author’s Note: Credits- Film directory, mpop.org, pakfilms.net, Encylopedia of Indian Cinema, Harish Raghuwanshi ji, Muvyz, HFGK, my notes.]
[Ed note-With this song, “Paaro” (1947) becomes the 100th movie of 1947 to get represented in the blog]

 


Song – Jeevan Panchhi Boli Boley (Paaro) (1947) Singer – Rashid Atre, Unidentified Female Singer, Lyrics – [Unattributed], Music – Rashid Atre

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

jeevan panchhi boli boley
jeevan aana jaana re pagle
jeevan aana jaana

jeevan panchhi boli boley
jeevan aana jaana re pagle
jeevan aana jaana

kaun chhoot aur kaun achhoot
sab hindustani hain
kaun chhoot aur kaun achhoot
sab hindustani hain
alag alag paudhe bagiya ke
par hai paani ek
alag alag paudhe bagiya ke
par hai paani ek
?? kahaana re
?? kahaana re
jeevan panchhi boli boley
jeevan aana jaana re pagle
jeevan aana jaana

ek baap ke laakhon bete
ek bhoomi par rehte
ek baap ke laakhon bete
ek bhoomi par rehte
aandhi paani aag hawaa sab
ek saath hi sehte
aandhi paani aag hawaa sab
ek saath hi sehte
kyun bairi ban jaana re
kyun bairi ban jaana re
jeevan panchhi boli boley
jeevan aana jaana re pagle
jeevan aana jaana

do din ka hai sab ka jeevan
kaun oonch aur neech
do din ka hai sab ka jeevan
kaun oonch aur neech
palak jhapakte udd jaayen sab
?? ho ya ??
?? ho ya ??
maati mein mil jaana re
maati mein mil jaana re
jeevan panchhi boli boley
jeevan aana jaana re pagle
jeevan aana jaana

desh jal raha
desh jal raha
desh jal raha bhed bhav ki
ab ye aag mita do
ho jaao sab ek
prem ki ganga nadi bahaa do
ho jaao sab ek
ho jaao sab ek
ho jaao sab ek

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

जीवन पंछी बोली बोले
जीवन आना जाना रे पगले
जीवन आना जाना

जीवन पंछी बोली बोले
जीवन आना जाना रे पगले
जीवन आना जाना

कौन छूत और कौन अछूत
सब हिंदुस्तानी हैं
कौन छूत और कौन अछूत
सब हिंदुस्तानी हैं
अलग अलग पौधे बगिया के
पर है पानी एक
अलग अलग पौधे बगिया के
पर है पानी एक
?? कहाना रे
?? कहाना रे
जीवन पंछी बोली बोले
जीवन आना जाना रे पगले
जीवन आना जाना

एक बाप के लाखों बेटे
एक भूमि पर रहते
एक बाप के लाखों बेटे
एक भूमि पर रहते
आँधी पानी आग हवा सब
एक साथ ही सहते
आँधी पानी आग हवा सब
एक साथ ही सहते
क्यों बैरी बन जाना रे
क्यों बैरी बन जाना रे
जीवन पंछी बोली बोले
जीवन आना जाना रे पगले
जीवन आना जाना

दो दिन का है सब का जीवन
कौन ऊंच और नीच
दो दिन का है सब का जीवन
कौन ऊंच और नीच
पालक झपकते उड़ जाएँ सब
?? हो या ??
?? हो या ??
माटी में मिल जाना रे
माटी में मिल जाना रे
जीवन पंछी बोली बोले
जीवन आना जाना रे पगले
जीवन आना जाना

देश जल रहा
देश जल रहा
देश जल रहा बेहद भाव की
अब ये आग मिटा दो
हो जाओ सब एक
प्रेम की गंगा नदी बहा दो
हो जाओ सब एक
हो जाओ सब एक
हो जाओ सब एक

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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 14700 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3700 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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Total Number of movies covered =4034

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