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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Lord Krishna related songs’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4106 Post No. : 15257

Today’s song is from the film Gokul ka Chor-1959. My last post was from film Gokul ka Raja-54. Its now time to get out of Gokul Town – after this post. Not that there are no more films on Gokul. There are still 2 more films with same title ” Gokul”, one of 1946 and the other of 1985. I always wondered why there were no films on Mathura or Vrindavan… two more places closely connected to Krishna. As far as Dwarka is concerned, there is a sole film ” Dwarkadheesh”, made in 1956.

During my school days, we boys always used to have 2 groups, one each who like Ram and Krishna. In our school annual functions,in the debating contest, boys from each group vehemently and enthusiastically spoke about their Group God – Ram or Krishna. From the young age itself, personally, I always adored Krishna. In my opinion, Krishna is more relevant in Kaliyug.

There were 4 Yugs
1. Satyug – 17,28,000 years
2. Tretayug – 12,96,000 years
3. Dwaparyug – 8,64,000 years
4. Kaliyug – 4,32,000 years

Shri Ram was the 7th incarnation (Avtar) of Lord Vishnu and he was born in the middle of Tretayug.
Krishna was the 8th Avatar and was born in the end part of the Dwaparyug.
The 4th yug is Kaliyug in which we are living.

Shri Ram ruled for 11000 years. He existed 1.75 million years ago.

Shri Krishna ruled for 125 years and died just one month before Dwaparyug ended and Kaliyug started. That is only 5122 years BCE, before Today. So mathematically also Krishna was closer to Kaliyug of today.

Shri Ram presented an ideal to follow Raj-Dharma, and all rules, regulations, Laws and Social Norms, irrespective of the sufferings. During his times, Praja used to follow the King. That is why there was a Ram Rajya, where ultimately the Evil paid for its misdeeds.

In Shri Krishna’s times, the world had changed and Krishna taught us how to live in today’s Yug, by Tit for Tat, not tolerating injustice, being street smart, using Chanakya type Neetis to achieve Goals. He provided lessons through his own behaviour, how to survive and be successful with Tact and Intelligence, how Karma is more important than Dharma, when it come to destroying the Evil. The whole Bhagwadgeeta is full of worldly advise.
That is why I feel Krishna is more relevant in today’s times. Ram is respected, Krishna is loved.

So much for the Ram and Krishna philosophies. Anyway, To Each His Own. I only expressed my views.
Interestingly, at a cursory count, I find that out of films on Ram (Ramayan and related) and Krishna (Mahabharat and related), 70% films are on Krishna and 30% films are on Ram. Even the film makers seem to consider Krishna as a better entertainer !

Now, coming to today’s film Gokul ka chor-59, it was made by Roopvani films for producer Sharad Pai. He was the son of Baburao Pai, one of the leading Film Distributors of yore and a partner of Prabhat Films. He joined after Keshavrao Dhaiber had to leave Prabhat, because he married the company Heroine Nalini Tarkhad, breaking the directorial agreement rule. For the same reason, V.Shantaram had also to leave Prabhat when he married Jayashree kamulkar, another Prabhat Heroine. But , funnily, S.Fattelal escaped this rule, because he had married Gulab aka Kamlabai, Prabhat Heroine of the Silent Era, before this rule was formulated ! (This Gulab aka Kamlabai is in the Prabhat Logo)

This film was directed by Vasant Painter and the music was by Sudhir Phadke. Information in details about Sudhir Phadke is already given by Sudhir ji, few years back and by me recently, so I will not repeat it.

However, Vasant Painter is a name not known to many Hindi film watchers.

Vasant Anandrao Painter was born in a village near Kolhapur on 13-8- 1913. His father Anandrao, along with cousin Baburao Painter wanted to make films. Anandrao had bought a second hand Projector, which he turned into a Camera and shot a short film also. Unfortunately, Anandrao Mistry aka Anandrao Painter died suddenly in 1916 and Baburao Painter went on to become the famous founder of Marathi films in the Silent Era.

By the time Vasant became 20 year old,the Silent film era was in full swing and many films were made in Kolhapur,Poona and Bombay.He had a liking for painting,so he picked up poster painting work,first in Maharashtra Film company and later in Prabhat film company when it was started in Kolhapur. He did all jobs,including assisting in cinematography and direction.

His first break came when he was 33 year old. He got an opportunity to direct Prabhat’s film ” Gokul”-46 and later on “Seedha Raasta”-47. After V.Shantaram had left Prabhat to start his own Rajkamal, Vasant Painter remained in Prabhat loyally, so he got the reward. Actress Kamala Kotnis had floated a production company,Kamala Chitra Ltd. She invited Painter to direct her film,’Sati Ahilya’-49. Snehal Bhatkar was the MD. Painter directed ‘ Bhishma Pratignya ‘-1950. This was,probably,the only Mythological film Nargis had acted in, with Shahu Modak. His other films were,Murliwala-51, Devyani-52, Sajni-56, Patit paawan-55, Gokul ka chor-59, Pyar ki jeet-62 and Dagaa-77. Meanwhile he was producing and directing several Marathi films too. He had won 9 awards,including the prestigious ” V.Shantaram Award”.

Vasant Painter died on 31-5-2006, leaving behind him 6 daughters and 1 son.

The cast of the film consisted of Kumkum. Romi, Manorama, Mohan Choti (real name Mohan Gorakshkar from Amaravati, Maharashtra) Ratnamala, Vasantrao Pehelwan, Madhav Kale, Madhu Apte, Polson etc.etc.

In any star cast of any film, after the names of main and known actors, there will be a line of names of actors who are not familiar and they can not be identified in the film, except by a few handful such experts. Information on these actors is neither collected nor compiled, leave alone their Bios being available. They are just names in the list. One such name in this list is Madhav Kale.

Madhav Kale was born in Nashik in 1903. After his school education at Nashik, he joined Deccan college at Poona and passed Intermediate course. He was interested in playing in dramas, which was opposed by his mother. But he used to take part in dramas while in college. He was a good singer too. Wanting to join films, he sent applications to many companies. Saroj and sharda companies responded. He acted in several silent films like Mukti sangram, Kanak kesari etc. He entered the Talkie films with Vikram Charitra-32, Mera Imaan-34 and Vishnu Bhakti-34. During this period, he got married in 1934.

He acted in 21 films. His last film was Gokul ka chor-59 (today’s film). He even directed one film, Sacha Sapna-42. He sang 13 songs in 7 films till 1942.

There is no information about him after this.

Another name in the cast is of Madhu Apte. His full name was Madhukar Shankar Apte. He was a Marathi stage and film actor predominantly, who successfully used his handicap of stammering to advantage, in delivering dialogues and creating humour by mistiming the dialogues. He was born on 1-3-1919 at Poona and died on 25-2-1993 at Poona.

Today’s song is sung by Sudha Malhotra and chorus. This is perhaps the first time I am presenting a song of Sudha Malhotra. Whenever her name comes up I remember her popular bhajan, ” Darshan do Ghanshyam nath more, aankhiyan pyaasi re”. I also remember that she is one of those few cine artistes, who try to hide that their debut in the films is through a non-descript film and who insists that a leading Music Director was responsible to launch her in films.

Sudha Malhotra first sang few songs in film “The Last message ( Aakhri paigham)”-1949, under MDs Abid Hussain Khan and Sushant Bannerji. However, in every interview, she has insisted that she debuted in film Arzoo-50 under Anil Biswas. The facts are available in HFGK for anyone to see.

(Some information for this post is taken, with thanks, from The Premier of Hinduism by D S Sarma, Marathi Cinema in Retrospect by Sanjit Narvekar and The Lost Treasure by Kamlakar P.)


Song-Aaya ri kaun sakhi apni nagariya (Gokul Ka Chor)(1959) Singer- Sudha Malhotra, Lyrics- Madhukar Rajasthani, MD- Sudhir Phadke
Chorus

Lyrics

Aaya ri kaun sakhi apni nagariya
apni nagariya
apni nagariya
praanon mein baaj rahi
meethhi baansuriya
meethhi baansuriya
meethhi baansuriya
padte hi paanv sakhi
dharti pe salone
chhalki umang bhari
man ki gagariya
man ki gagariya
o o o o
jeewan ke angna
aasha ka jhoolna
jhoole hain krishn kanhaai
jhoole hain krishn kanhaai
jeewan ke angna
aasha ka jhoolna
jhoole hain krishn kanhaai
jhoole hain krishn kanhaai
baanto badhaai
baanto
baanto badhaai
aaye krishn kanhaai
aaye krishn kanhaai
hohohohohohoho

sooraj ka tej laaya nainon mein bhar ke
sudh budh dev bhoole dekho tadke
maaya hansi ?? koi naya roop dharke
mukh par chaand khila nandkumar ke
dukh se ubaarne
dharti sanwaarne
jyoti nayi jagmagaayi
jhoole hain krishan kanhaayi
jeewan ke angnaa asha ka jhoolna
jhoole hain krishn kanhaayi
jhoole hain krishn kanhaayi
baanto badhaayi
baanto
baanto badhayi
aaye krishn kanhaayi
aaye krishn kanhaayi
ho ho
hohohohoho

baadal ka rang liye
paaras ka tan hai
bali bali jaaye sakhi
baanka man hai

gyaani ka gyaan laayi paawan kiran hai
bade bade jhoomen sakhi
ye to rain hai

jyoti ye karm ka
deepak hai dharm ka
vedon ki hai ye sachchaai
jhoole hain krishn kanhaayi
baanto badhaayi
baanto
baanto badhaayi
aaye krishn kanhaayi
aaye krishn kanhaayi
ho ho
hohohohoho

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4104 Post No. : 15255 Movie Count :

4192

Today’s song is from film ‘Gokul Ka Raja’ (1954). This is the first song of this film to be discussed here. I am surprised how this film was not featured on the blog so far, because songs of this film have been on You Tube for quite some time. May be, because the entire team of this mythological film was from Marathi film industry and the names of producer, director, MD, or the cast were not familiar to the most people. It is because this was a bilingual film, made first in Marathi as ‘Gokulcha Raja’ (गोकुळचा राजा) way back in 1950 and the Hindi version was released only in 1954.

Made by Yashodhan Chitra, Bombay for producers Nana Bapat and Haribhau Guruji, the film was directed by a well known Marathi Director – Bal Gajbar. He had earlier directed another bilingual Hindi-Marathi film ‘Sandesh’ (1952) and before that yet another bilingual ‘Mere Laal’ (1948) (माझं बाळ in Marathi). Bal Gajbar had directed few Kannada films too, like ‘Vichitra Prapancha’ (1955). Before becoming a director, he was an art director with V Shantaram’s Rajkamal Kala Mandir.

All songs of the film were written by YN Joshi. The Music Director was Shridhar Parsekar – a name very few people will remember. I wrote about him first time in my series “Less Known Composers”, on 17-12-2012, seven years ago. Not much was known about him then. In January 2017, Sadanand Kamath ji wrote on him. In last nearly 3 years, some new information has become available on him, so his bio data is now updated further. As the new sources give new information, the history keeps on updating itself. This is a regular process of nature.

Hindi film music is like an ocean. As many rivers merge into the ocean at various stages, regional music from various parts of India is assimilated in HFM (Hindi Film Music).

Initially it was the Marathi stage/natya sangeet and Parsee Theatre which influenced HFM. In the East, it was Robindra Sangeet and Nazrul Geeti made the basis of film songs. In the Lahore centre it was the Punjabi style after ‘Khazanchi’ (1941).

After Partition and polarisation of film production language wise, it was BOMBAY, which became the centre for HFM and it was a wonderful mixture of music specialties from all over the country. There were many successful Music Directors in India. I remember a famous quotation – “Behind every successful man there is a woman.”

Can you tell me,who is behind every successful Music Director ? I am sure many of us do not have the answer.

The answer is THE ARRANGER.

Now, who is this arranger? Some have a vague idea, some may even think, he is the person who arranges song recordings and the musicians.

An arranger is the SOUL of film music. Once the composer conceives the tune for a song, he tells it to the arranger, who immediately makes its notations (writing music or Swar Lipi), which a properly schooled musician can read and play. Arranger also decides the instruments and their placements in the song. Most of the arrangers in the Film Industry were from Goa, where traditionally Jazz music was very popular.

A typical Goan likes to live life – ‘sushegaat’– which loosely means ‘araam se‘ or a carefree life. Their philosophy is eat, drink and be merry. This merry part includes Music.

Goa has given many musicians to India. Lata/Asha are  from Mangeshi – Goa, though the family had shifted to Kolhapur, MDs Dattaram (Wadkar) and N Datta (Datta Naik), Singers Kishori Amonkar, Kesarbai Kerkar, Shobha Mudgal, Hema Sardesai, Prabhakar Karekar, Remo Fernandez, Lorna are from Goa. (The list is only indicative, not exhaustive).

Most Arrangers were from Goa —-

Anthony Gonsalves from Majorda, Goa. He worked for Naushad,OP Nayyar and LP. The famous song “My Name Is Anthony Gonsalves” is a tribute by LP to him. He had taught Pyaarelal so many things including notations.

Chic Chocolate aka Anthony Vaz from Aldona, Goa. He worked for C Ramchandra mainly.

Chris Perry worked for Khayyam, RD Burman, Kalyanji Anandji, and Laxmikant Pyaarelal.

Frank Fernando – Anil Biswas, Kishore Kumar, Roshan, C Ramchandra.

Sebastian D’Souza from Bicholim, Goa – worked for Shanker Jaikishen from 1952 to 1975, and also OP Nayyar.

Most of the players of western instruments in the orchestras were from Goa.

From this crop of musicians from Goa, there was one outstanding musician – SHRIDHAR PARSEKAR, who was a singer, a famous violin player, composer of many Marathi songs/films/dramas and few Hindi films. He was an expert in playing almost 10 different instruments.

SHRIDHAR PARSEKAR was born in 1920 in Goa. From the childhood he was a lover of music and learnt classical music, first from his uncle Parshuram Buwa Parsekar and he was trained by him in playing various instruments like harmonium, jaltarang, tabla and violin. He was a disciple of Gajanan Buwa Joshi a noted musician. He operated a vand in Bardez, Goa and played violin, clarinet, harmonium and many other instruments. He was a genius and soon became famous for playing violin.

He came to Bombay and continued learning music here under many well known gurus, like Khadeem Hussain Khan, Natthan Khan and Anwar Hussain. Soon he was performing in stage shows doing jugalbandis with stars of the day like Ravi Shanker, Vilayat Khan and Akbar Ali Khan. Kishen Maharaj was very pleased with him. For some time he joined AIR Bombay as a musician and got friendly with Ustad Alla Rakha who also worked in AIR. RG Ramnathkar, who got him the AIR job, also taught him many Raaga/Raaginis. Parsekar worked at AIR for 6 years.

Later he worked as asst. to Music Director Annasaheb Mainkar and then started as MD for Marathi Films and stage dramas. His music in dramas like ‘Bhakta Damaji’, ‘Paisa Bolto Ahe’, ‘Kuber’ and ‘Kanyadaan’ was very popular. He also recorded many bhavgeets and natyageets from reputed singers in Marathi. HMV and Odeon published his records. Singers like Jyotsna Bhole, Saraswati Rane, Hirabai Badodekar, Vatsala Kumthekar and Master Krishnarao Chonkar also sang for him. One of his songs- “Vithal Vithal Gajari, Awaghi Dum Dumali Pandhari” ( “विठ्ठल विठ्ठल गजरी, अवघी दुमदुमली पंढरी” ) from ‘Bhakta Damaji’ is so popular that it is sold even today.

With Marathi films, recording of private songs, stage shows with prominent musicians, Shridhar had every happiness with him. He had a bungalow, cars, bank balance, name, fame and plenty of demand. He wrote a book on music – ‘Swar Ninad‘.

And then it happened !

He became an alcoholic. Normally, a person becomes alcoholic when he is unsuccessful. But this was an opposite case. While on the top of success he became an alcoholic. He used to drink day and night.

Once there was a jugalbandi programme with Ustad Vilayat Khan. Shridhar came fully drunk to the theatre. Vilayat Khan scolded him and left the show. Such things kept on happening, leading to his downfall. He stopped getting work and all his wealth, house, cars etc. was sold for liquor. His condition was such that he would play violin on streets and earn money. Lata Mangeshkar has narrated an incident, which I read in a book ‘From Noorjehan to Lata’ by Isak Mujawar. The book says…

“One day Lata’s car stopped in the traffic. Out of curiosity she peeped out to see what happened. There was a person in tattered clothes playing a violin beautifully and people had gathered to listen to him. Some people gave him alms. She asked the driver if he knew that person. The driver replied that it was Parsekar Buwa. She got down, went to Parsekar and told him to come with her. She will look after him now. On this, Parsekar replied that her father had asked him to look after their family, which he could not do, so why should she look after him. If she wanted to help, just give some money. She gave him 50 rupees and he almost ran away from there – probably to the wine shop !“

Finally Shridhar Parsekar died of liver cirrhosis on 10-9-1964 !  He was only 44 years old !!  Such a brilliant artist wasted by alcohol. So sad ! Pt Ravi Shankar and Vilayat Khan had personally met his family after his death, so much was the respect for his talent !!

In addition to 7 Marathi films, Shridhar Parsekar gave music to five Hindi films – ‘Nagad Narayan’ (1943), ‘Mahakavi Kalidas’ (1944), ‘Meri Amanat’ (1947), ‘Andhon Ka Sahara’ (1948) and ‘Gokul Ka Raja’ (1954). He composed 45 songs in these films. He sang 5 songs in 2 films, ‘Andhon Ka Sahara’ and ‘Gokul Ka Raja. Many famous singers sang for him, like, Minakshi, Khan Mastana, Rajkumari, Master Krishnarao, Mohantara, Vinodini Dikshit etc.

(Information from these sources also used herein- Marathi Chitrapat Sangeetkar Kosh, Marathi Cinema in Retrospect by Sanjit Narwekar, Purvasurinche Soor by Dr. Suresh Chandvankar and the book ‘Kalatmak Gomantak’ – Kala Academy, Panji – 1972) .

The cast of the film consisted of Dwarakanath, Ratnamala, Chandrakant, Gauri, Hanumanta, Angre etc.

I do not know anything about actor Dwarakanath. Never heard of his name before or after this film ever. Actor Chandrakant was Chandrakant Mandhare (real name Gopal) – the elder brother of the more popular brother Suryakant. These two brothers ruled the Marathi cinema from the late 40s to the 60s.

Gauri was originally Tanibai Dawari, who was active in Prabhat from the silent era. She became famous because of her role of Awali – the shrew wife of Sant Tukaram in that film in 1936. I have recently written in details about her, only last month. As far as the heroine Ratnamala is concerned, how many of us really know anything about this actress. It is surprising that a very lovely and beautiful actress, who was heroine of about 20 films in the 40s and has about 300 films to her credit, remains practically unknown. She was the heroine with Saraswati Cinetone, Prabhat Film Company, Sagar, Ranjit, Prakash Pictures etc. – all well known banners. She was in films for 50+ years and was a famous name in Marathi films of Dada Kondke.

Its a great pity that hardly any or no information about her is available in books, encyclopedias, wiki or on internet. When all sources of information come to a dead end, I turn to Harish Raghuwanshi ji of Surat and I am never disappointed. Here, I provide a short bio-data of Ratnamala, based principally on the articles given by Harish ji. Thanks, Harish ji.

She was born as Kamal Bhivandkar on 22-6-1923 in Bombay. Her father was Auditor of Central Bank, Bombay. She was good looking and could sing well. From the age of 14 years, she went on the stage of several Ganesh Melas prevalent in those times. She earned 5-10 rupees per performance. Due to family’s financial problems, she started looking for work. She was proficient in Marathi, Gujarati, English and Urdu languages. In 1938, she was picked up by Dada Torne of Sarswati Cinetone, Poona, who cast her as Heroine in Marathi film ‘Bhagwa Zenda’. Seeing her performance, she was taken by Prabhat Film Company for the Marathi version of their film ‘Das Baje’ (1942). Torne had renamed her as Ratnamala.

Vijay Bhatt of Prakash Pictures offered her a role in film ‘Bharat Milap’ (1942), when Kusum Deshpande selected for the role of Bharat’s wife fell ill. Seeing her performance, she was selected as a heroine for film ‘Station Master’ (1942). Here too the original heroine Jyoti fell ill. Then came ‘Panghat’ (1943), ‘Police’ (1944), ‘Kavita’ (1944) etc. She acted in many mythological films also. Some of her well known films were ‘Dholak’, ‘Maya Bazaar’, ‘Sasural’, ‘Bhabhi Ki Chudiyan’, ‘Faulad’, ‘Woh kaun thi’, ‘Nishaan’, ‘Bahu Beti’, ‘Mera Saayaa’, ‘Raaz’, ‘Saraswati Chandra’, ‘Brahmachari’, ‘Upahaar’, ‘Seeta aur Geeta’, ‘Nastik’ etc.

She acted in 130 Hindi films and many more Marathi films. Later she did side roles. She became famous as mother of Dada Kondke in 11 of his films. She was called ‘Aaye’ (आये )  in the Marathi films of Kondke.

Ratnamala was married to Raja Pandir, producer director of Marathi films, when she was very young. As Ratnamala became successful and Raja became a failure, their marriage came on rocks. She had one son – Jaikumar, who had also acted in one film. Unfortunately, he died suddenly in an accident. Ratnamala lived in her own bungalow in Andheri, Bombay, along with her foster son – Ramesh. Ratnamala died of heart attack on 23rd January 1989.

Today’s song is the first song sung by Shridhar Parsekar that is being presented. One can easily make out from his clear voice, impeccable pronunciations and the classical singing style that the singer is trained in classical music and is a knowledgeable person. With this song the film ‘Gokul Ka Raja’ and singer Shridhar Parsekar are making their debut on this Blog.

Song – Mangal Prabhat Jaage Surya Kiran Sang (Gokul Ka Raja) (1954) Singer – Sridhar Parsekar, Lyrics – YN Joshi, MD – Sridhar Parsekar

Lyrics

jaa..aa..aa..aage ae ae ae
jaage ae ae ae

jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
surya kiran sang
gokul mein rang
surya kiran sang
gokul mein rang
navjeevan anuraage
jaage
navjeevan anuraage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage

go dhan amrit varsha karta..aa..aa
aaaaa aaaa aaaa aaaa
go dhan amrit varsha karta
sukh saurabh gokul mein jharta
sukh saurabh gokul mein jharta
baal gopal
baal gopal charaayen gaayen
madhu murli jiya laage
laage
madhu murli jiya laage
laage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage

surya kiran sang
gokul mein rang
navjeevan anuraage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
jaa..aa..aa..aage

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

जा॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आगे ए ए ए
जागे ए ए ए

जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
सूर्य किरण संग
गोकुल में रंग
सूर्य किरण संग
गोकुल में रंग
नवजीवन अनुरागे
जागे
नवजीवन अनुरागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे

गो धन अमृत वर्षा करता॰॰आ॰॰आ
आsss आsss आsss आsss
गो धन अमृत वर्षा करता
सुख सौरभ गोकुल में झरता
सुख सौरभ गोकुल में झरता
बाल गोपाल
बाल गोपाल चराएं गाएँ
मधु मुरली जिया लागे
लागे
मधु मुरली जिया लागे
लागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे

सूर्य किरण संग
गोकुल में रंग
नवजीवन अनुरागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे

जा॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आगे


This article is written by Avinash Scrapwala, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4084 Post No. : 15224

———————————————–——————————————
Blog 10-Year Challenge (2009-19) – Song No. 46
——————————————————————————————

Today I present a song from the 1974 movie ‘Aarop’. (Yes! the year of this movie needs to be corrected as ‘1974’. It was passed by Censor Board on 16.01.1974).

“Aarop-1974” is one of the two movies which are falling under ‘Blog Ten Year Challenge’ today on 23.09.2019. The other movie is ‘Fashion-1957’.

As many as six movies were represented on the blog with their songs ten years back on the blog viz on 23.09.2009. Their details as well as the present status of the movies that these songs were from are as under :

Jhinchak jhinchakAarop-197304 of 07 songs coveredBahaaron se poochho…laakh sambhaalaFashion-195706 of 08 songs coveredKuchh bhi na bolengeWaaris-1954All Songs covered in the blogMera naram karejwa dol gayaAarzoo-1950All Songs covered in the blogRaat hai taaron bhariPardes-1950All Songs covered in the blogNaina deewaane ek nahin maaneAfsar-1950All Songs covered in the blog

Song Movie title-Year Remarks

“Aarop-1974” was directed by Atmaram for ‘Gurudutt Films Combine, Bombay’. Atmaram (Guru Dutt’s brother) also wrote the story and screenplay of this movie.

It had Saira Banu, Vinod Khanna, Vinod Mehra, Rehman, Bindu, Bharat Bhushan, Keshto Mukherji, Paintal, Gulshan Arora, Kundan, Savita, Manik, Murad, Krishnakant, Jankidas, Rajan Haksar, Maruti, Viju Khote, Pardesi, Bhagwan, Sabina, Chandu, Mohan Choti and Johny Walker.
Lily Chakravarti, Rajesh Behl, Raj Mehra makes a ‘guest appearance’ in this movie.

Y.G. Chavhan was the editor for this movie. Dialogues of this movie were written by Vrajendra Gaud. Govind Singh was the Chief Assistant Director and Ram Govind was the assistant in screenplay.

For me I was familiar with only one song ‘nainon mein darpan hai, darpan mein koyi’ . Later on, when I started collecting cassettes, I was looking for this song and then I got to know the name of the movie this song was from. But I think this song was not easily available then.

After many years I came to know about the music composer of this movie and it was Bhupen Hazarika. Earlier I thought that it was composed by the duo Laxmikant-Pyarelal.

This movie had as many as eight songs in it. Though HFGK mentioned it as having seven songs- including one two-part song.
But, during the preparation for this article I watched this movie which is available online and I think out of the three Manna Dey solo songs two may have been excluded from the movie, or either they have been edited from the version of the movie available online.
(I think correction is also required in HFGK movie page of this movie ‘Aarop-1974’ as the sequence of the songs is not as per their appearance in the movie).

Lyrics for all the songs in this movie were written by Maya Govind. As mentioned above music of this movie was composed by Bhupen Hazarika.
The titles of the movie mentioned that the Bhajans in this movie are based on the tunes of the devotional songs of Saint Kavi Shankar Dev from Assam.

One can experience that essence (or in my words ‘mere desh ki mitti ki khushboo’) in the song being presented today.

Asha Bhonsle (two solo songs), Kishore Kumar and Lata Mangeshkar (one duet song only and they most popular from this movie), Laxmi Shankar (one solo), Bhupen Hazarika and K.N. Sharma (one song together) and Manna Dey (three solo songs) gave their voices to the songs in this movie.

Out of the eight songs from this movie four songs have already been posted on the blog. From the remaining songs I had option of two Manna Da songs (they are available combined in one link online), one song by Asha Bhonsle (which again is picturized on Bindu, this time a mujra song and ten years back already a cabaret song picturized on Bindu was posted on the same day), and one song sung by Bhupen Hazarika and K.N.Sharma.

When I saw that there is a song having Bhupen Hazarika’s voice and still to be posted I selected this for they presentation today. The video for this song was already available and I came to know that this is not a full video of the song, but partial video only, when I tried to locate the audio/video of other pending songs from this movie. I find that the full audio song was available.
I think today’s song must be the first song in Hindi movies which was sung by Bhupen Hazarika.

On screen it is lip synced by Bharat Bhushan while the ‘shlokas’ from Bhagwat Geeta are played in the background. Saira Banu is also present during this song which is picturized in a temple where Bharat Bhushan is the priest.

As mentioned above I had not watched this movie earlier and I watched it during the preparation of this article. I must say that the movie is an interesting movie to watch and all the characters shown and the artists performing them seems perfectly fit into it.
(I am avoiding to mention about the story line of the movie to keep intact the interest of those who may want to watch it).
The overall presentation is a balanced one and the movie keeps us engaged till the end.

Its songs are also good, but I think only the song ‘nainon mein darpan hai, darpan mein koyi’ was popular and that song was frequently played at that time on radio. I must have heard it earlier and but watching it now and listening to it again and again was enjoying.

Dialogues of the movie are also very nice and go well with the storyline of the movie and the fight between ‘virtuous’ and the ‘evil’.
I am not aware how this movie fared at the box-office then.

Let us now enjoy today’s song, which grows on us if we listen to it a few times.

Video (Partial)

Audio (Full)

Song-Hey jai Yashodanandan (Aarop)(1974) Singers-Bhupen Hazarika, K N Sharma, Lyrics-Maya Govind, M D – Bhupen Hazarika

Lyrics

hey jai Yashodanadan
hey Mohan Shyaam
hey jai Yashodanadan
hey Mohan Shyaam
jai Yashodanadan
meri laaj raakho prabhu
main to teri sharan
hey Yashodanadan
mujhe aaj laage jeewan jaise maran
hey Yashodanadan
hey Mohan Shyaam
jai Yashodanadan

yadaa yadaa hi dharmasya
glanirbhava ti Bharat
abhyuthaana madharmaysya
tadaatmaanam srijaamyaham

jab jab dharm dooba
tum daude aaye
hey Yashodanandan
saagar mein naiyaa meri
lo doobi jaaye
hey Yashodanadan
hey Mohan Shyaam
jai Yashodanadan

karmanye vaadhikaaraste
ma phaleshu kadaachana
ma karmaphalheturbhurma
tey sangostavaakarmani

hai karma apne vash mein
jeewan pareeksha
hey Yashodanandan
ab to jo ho tu jaane
sab teri ichchhaa
hey Yashodanadan
hey Mohan Shyaam
jai Yashodanadan

hey jai Yashodanadan
hey Mohan Shyaam
jai Yashodanadan
hey jai Yashodanadan
hey Mohan Shyaam
hey jai Yashodanadan
hey Mohan Shyaam

———————————————————
Devnagri Script lyrics(Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
——————————————————–
हे जय यशोदानंदन
हे मोहन श्याम
हे जय यशोदानंदन
हे मोहन श्याम
जय यशोदानंदन
मेरी लाज राखो प्रभु
मैं तो तेरी शरण
हे यशोदानंदन
मुझे आज लागे जीवन जैसे मरण
हे जय यशोदानंदन
हे मोहन श्याम
जय यशोदानंदन

यदा यदा हि धर्मस्य
ग्लानिर्भवति भारत
अभ्युत्थान मधर्मस्य
तदात्मानं सृजाम्यहम्

जब जब धर्म डूबा
तुम दौड़े आये
हे यशोदानंदन
सागर में नैय्या मेरी
लो डूबी जाए
हे जय यशोदानंदन
हे मोहन श्याम
जय यशोदानंदन

कर्मण्येवाधिकारस्ते
मा फलेषु कदाचन
मा कर्मफलहेतुर्भुर्मा
ते संगोऽस्त्वकर्मणि

है कर्म अपने वश में
जीवन परीक्षा
हे यशोदानंदन
अब तो जो हो तू जाने
सब तेरी इच्छा
हे यशोदानंदन
हे मोहन श्याम
जय यशोदानंदन

हे जय यशोदानंदन
हे मोहन श्याम
हे जय यशोदानंदन
हे मोहन श्याम


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4066 Post No. : 15201 Movie Count :

4178

Today, September 5th is 24th Remembrance Day of Salil Chowdhury (19/11/1925 – 05/09/1995), the legendary music director who was the pioneer in fusion music – blending Indian melodies with the orchestration of western classical music. As he himself admitted during an interview on All India Radio, Salil Da was greatly influenced by the music of Beethoven and Mozart because his father used to play gramophone records of their music which he had listened during his childhood.

Salil Da’s musical legacy has been carried forward by the likes of RD Burman, Ilaiyaraaja and AR Rahman. I will come back later the organic connection of Ilaiyaraaja and A R Rahman with the music of Salil Da.  It is the irony of fate that while the followers of his musical legacy have attained the top slots in the film industry, Salil Da could not get such recognition in Hindi film industry. Perhaps, he was quite ahead of time and those who mattered in the Hindi film industry (producers and distributors) failed to realise his potentials.

Salil Da has to be a genius person in the making if I go by his various activities during his childhood and younger days. At the age of 6, he learns piano. As a student, he writes and compose songs for the school’s plays. As a teenager, he gets actively associated in the Peasants Movements in his village. In the midst of such activities, he completes his high school and later graduation from Kolkata University. He becomes a member of Communist Party of India and gets actively involved with Indian People’s Theatre Association (IPTA) while he is simultaneously doing his post-graduation studies. He is a playwright, song writer, composer and sometime actor in IPTA plays. Salil Da participates in the peasants’ uprising and goes underground for a couple of years. During this period, he writes and composes ‘chetonaar gaan’ (songs of awakening). He learns almost all the important musical instruments like piano, flute, esraj, sarod, sitar, guitar, percussion which is in most cases self-thought. He is the first to set up Bombay Youth Choir and later Calcutta Choir Group which he personally conducts in the 1950s. He is a poet, story writer, lyricist and music director.

With so much of his multifarious activities in around Kolkata, how did Salil Da get involved with Hindi film music in Mumbai? I quote below, in his own words during an  interviews on All India Radio:

I came to Bombay by stroke of luck. I was writing script (of my story ‘Rickshawaala’) for a Bengali film.  When Hrishikesh Mukherjee heard the story, he liked it. He said that he would narrate the story to Bimalda (Bimal Roy) who was expected to come to Kolkata from Mumbai. So, I took the appointment of Bimlada and read out the entire script to him. Bimlda did not show any reaction to the story but advised me to meet him the next morning.

When I went to meet him the next morning, I was told that he had left for Mumbai by the morning flight on some urgent work. Within a week, I got the telegram from Bimalda that he had decided to make a Hindi film based on my story and I should come to Mumbai with the script. That’s how I landed in Mumbai for ‘Do Beegha Zameen’ (1953).

After the success of ‘Do Beegha Zameen’ (1953), Salil Da was employed in Bimal Roy Productions as a music director. He did many films for the banner like ‘Biraj Bahu’ (1954), ‘Naukari’ (1954), ‘Amaanat’ (1955), ‘Parivaar’ (1956), ‘Aparadhi Kaun’ (1957), ‘Madhumati’ (1958), ‘Usne Kaha Thaa’ (1960), ‘ Parakh’ (1960).‘Kabuliwaala’ (1961), and  ‘Prem Patra’ (1962). During this period, he also did many other films outside the banner of Bimal Roy Productions. Song compositions in almost all these films are outstanding. Some of the songs from Bimal Roy’s  films are evergreen and they are still remembered. For instance “Aaha Rimjhim Ke Ye Pyaare Pyaare Geet Liye” (from ‘Usne Kaha Tha’) and “O Sajnaa Barkha Bahaar Aayi” (from ‘Parakh’).

In ‘non-Bimal Roy’ films, Salil Da composed excellent songs in films like ‘Jaagte Raho’ (1956), ‘Aawaaz’ (1956), ‘Ek Gaon Ki Kahaani’ (1957), ‘Honeymoon’ (1960), ‘Chhaaya’ (1961),  ‘Maaya’ (1961) etc. The songs like “Zindagi Khwaab Hai” (‘Jagte Raho’, Mukesh’s first song under Salida), “Dhitang Dhitang Bole” (‘Awaaz’), “Raat Ne Kya Kya Khwaab Dikhaaye” (‘Ek Gaon Ki Kahaani’), “Mere Khwaabon Mein Khayaalon Mein” (‘Honeymoon’),  “Koi Sone Ke Dilwaala” (‘Maaya’), and “Itna Na Mujhse Tu Pyaar Badha” (‘Chhaaya’)  are some of my favourites of Salil Da.

Despite scoring beautiful songs in the films of early 50s, Salil Da was still regarded as a flop music director in the eyes of film distributors.  The box office success of‘ ‘Madhumati’ (1958) and the high popularity of its songs enabled Salil Da to shed the tag of ‘flop music director’. I remember that not a single day will pass without one or two songs from ‘Madhumati’ (1958) being played on the radio after the release of the film. Salil Da got his first Filmfare Award for the best music director for this film.

It is difficult to pin point the best song from ‘Madhumati’ as all the songs were outstanding. Because I am a trekker, I may be biased in my liking for “Suhaana Safar Aur Ye Mausam Haseen“. The sound of chirping of the birds in the prelude creates a natural atmosphere in the scene for the song. Incidentally, adding in the prelude the chirping sounds of the birds was suggested by SD Burman. Salil Da used folk-based melody from Bengal, Assam, Nepal and also from Poland for almost all the songs in the film. He requisitioned the services of Dattaram for playing dholak in all the songs (as revealed by Dattaram in his TV interview). One can hear Dattaram ‘thekas’ prominently in the song “Ghadi Ghadi Mora Dil Dhadke“.

With the tremendous success of ‘Madhumati’ (1958), Salil Da got more film assignments such as ‘Chhaaya’ (1961), ‘Poonam Ki Raat’ (1965), ‘Chaand Aur Sooraj’ (1965), ‘Pinjre Ke Panchhi’ (1966) (which he also directed), among many others.

During his second phase of the musical career, he did some notable films like ‘Mere Apne’ (1971), ‘Anand’ (1971), ‘Annadaata (1972), ‘Rajanigandha’ (1974), ‘Chhoti Si Baat’ (1976), ‘Anand Mahal’ (1977) etc. Some of the popular as well notable songs of Salil Da of this period are “Zindagi Kaisi Hai Paheli Haaye” (‘Anand’), (note the choir singing in the interludes), “Raaton Ke Saaye Ghane” (‘Annadaata’) (song may not have become popular but it is an intricate composition which only Lata could do justice), “Kai Baar Yoon Bhi Dekha Hai” (‘Rajnigandha’) (my favourite and whenever I wish to listen to this song, I prefer to watch on the video clip) and “Na Jaane Kyun Hota Hai Ye Zindagi Ke Saath” (‘Chhoti Si Baat’) (again, I prefer to listen to the song by watching the video clip of the song).

I know, I have missed some more of popular songs composed by Salil Da . I will end with  one more song from the stable of Salil Da which did not become as popular as it should have been. The song is  “Koi Hota Jisko Apna” from ‘Mere Apne’ (1971).  It is a complex composition which Kishore Kumar has ably rendered. The mukhda tune was inspired from the background score of ‘Anand’(1970).

After about 1975, his Hindi film assignments came down that too was limited to small banners. On the other hand, his assignments in Bengali and South Indian films were on the rise. Also, he had shifted his base to Kolkata in mid 1970s as he had planned for setting up of a modern recording studio in Kolkata. During about 25 years of his active association with Mumbai, he composed about 300 songs in about 65 Hindi films.

Discussion on Salil Chowdhury’s musical career in films will not be complete unless we take into account his sojourn to South Indian films especially the Malayalam films. He was introduced to Malayalam films  by Ramu Khairat, the Malayalam film director who was a part of IPTA delegation along with Salil Da to an East European country in 1960. Their IPTA background and the common interest in films made them friends. When Ramu Khairat finalised the making of Malayalam film, ‘Chemmeen’ (1965), he selected Salil Da as the music director. The film received tremendous response from the cinegoers. This film is regarded as the first successful ‘arty’ film in South India.

The highlight of the film was the popularity of its four songs. The extra-ordinary success of the songs changed the complexion of the South Indian film music. Salil Da set his firm footing in the South Indian film industries. He did 25 Malayalam films and 10 films in Tamil, Telugu and Kannada. In addition, he was also associated with about 40 Bengali films as a lyricist and music director.

One of the innovative ideas Salil Da experimented with his music was that he composed new songs based on his earlier songs as well as from the background score by giving a different structure to the new songs. For instance, in an interview, Salil Da gave an interesting example of his song “Aaja Re Pardesi Main To Kab Se Khadi Iss Paar”  from ‘Madhumati’ (1958). The mukhda tune was based on the melodic background music of ‘Jaagte Raho’(1956). This background music is played whenever Raj Kapoor is about to drink water to quench his thirst but the circumstances makes him to run away from the scene without drinking water. In the same song, Salil Da has used the mukhda tune of “Ghadi Ghadi Mora Dil Dhadke” as the interlude music.

Another example I had noted many years back and worth mentioning is the comparison of the song “Baag Mein Kali Khili Bagiya Mehki” from ‘Chaand Aur Sooraj’ (1965) with “Saathi Re Tujh Bin Jiya Udaas” from ‘Poonam Ki Raat’ (1965). Salil Da has used more or less the same tune for the antaras of both the songs. Salil Da’s different melodic and orchestration structures makes these two songs sounding different. Hence, first song sounds like that for a growing up girl waiting for her fiance and the other one as a haunting song. Also note in the latter song how the mukhda tune of the former song converted into the interlude music and gets merges with the antara tune.

I had mentioned earlier that there is some organic connection between Salil Da, Ilaiyaraaja and AR Rahman. During his assignments in the South Indian films, especially in Malayalam films as a music director, Salil Da had in his orchestra, Ilaiyaraaja as a lead guitarist and RK Sekhar (father of AR Rahman) as his Assistant and Arranger. AR Rahman joined Ilaiyaraaja’s troup as Keyboard player. Incidentally, Salil Da had predicted that one day Ilaiyaraaja would become the top most music director of India. His prophecy has come true.

A music analyst in his article in The Hindu has opined that in his early years of music direction, Ilaiyaraaja seemed to have been influenced by Salil Da in using fusion music which he improvised a lot in his later years. The same music analyst also felt that Salil Da was influenced by the music of Ilaiyaraaja in composing Bengali songs in his later years.

On the occasion of 24th Remembrance Day of the legendary music director, Salil Da, I have chosen a rarely heard Sanskrit song  ‘tava virahe vanamaali’ from the film ‘Swami Vivekanand’ (1994). The music for the song has been composed by Salil Da in a classical raaga, Yaman. The song is written by the famous Sanskrit poet of the 12th century AD – Jaidev. It is rendered by Kavita Krishnamurthy. It is a classical dance song which is picturised on Shobna (Pillai), a well-known Malayalam and Tamil film  actress and a Bharatnatyam dancer. She is the niece of Padmini and Ragini.

I took the song’s lyrics from Geet Govind. English translation of the lyrics is embedded on the audio clip of the song. This is the song I liked best out of 8 songs in the film.

There is long history about the film ‘Swami Vivekanand’ (1994). The film was directed by GV Iyer  a khadi-clad barefoot Gandhian who has been known for  making films based on spiritual themes. He was the first to make a feature film in Sanskrit, ‘Adi Shankaracharya’ (1983) which won 4 National Film Awards including the award for the Best Film. This was followed by ‘Madhvacharya’ (1986) in Kannada, ‘Ramanujacharya’ (1989) in Tamil, ‘Bhagvad Geeta – The Song of the Lord’ (1993) in Sanskrit.  In addition, he has acted in and directed many Kannada films since 1954.

‘Swami Vivekanand’ (1994) was GV Iyer’s first foray into Hindi film which also falls under the spiritual theme.  The film was produced by T Subbarami Reddy, a parliamentarian and a well-known Telugu and Bollywood film producer. The main characters in the film, Swami Vivekanand was played by Sarvadaman Banerjee and that of Ramkrishan Paramhans by Mithun Chakraborty. Tanuja, Pradeep Kumar, Debashree Roy were some of the other actors in the film. Shammi Kapoor, Shashi Kapoor, Hema Malini, Rakhee, Jaya Prada, Manmooty, Meenakshi Seshadari and Anupam Kher did some minor roles as guest actors.

The film took about 5 years to complete and further about 3 years to get released for public viewing. Naseeruddin Shah who was selected to play the role of Ramkrishna Paramhans had to be dropped due to pressure from right-wing activists. The role went to Mithun Chakraborty despite having an image of disco dancer at that time. There were many objections from various quarters including Ramkrishna Mission. When issues were being addressed by the director, someone filed a suit in the high court which after sometime, cleared the film with about 20 cuts. The film was premiered on National Channel of Doordarshan on August 15, 1998 and thereafter it was released in the theatres. The film was a disaster at the box office.

‘Swami Vivekanand’ (1994) was  Salil Da’s last Hindi film. Salil Da was regarded as an expert in background music but this was the only his Hindi film for which he could not give background music due to his sudden death on September 5, 1995.

Audio

Video

 

Song – Tava Virahe Vanamaali Sakhi Seedati  (Swami Vivekanand) (1994) Singer – Kavita Krishnamurthy, Lyrics – Jaidev (Traditional), MD – Salil Chaudhry

Lyrics

tava virahe vanamaali
sakhi seedati
tava virahe vanamaali
sakhi seedati
tava virahe vanamaali
 
dahati shishir-mayookhe
maranam-anukaroti
patati madan-vishikhe
vilapati vikalataroti
aa aa aa aaa
aa aa aa aaa
aa aa aaa
aa aa aaa
aa aa aa aa aaa
dahati shishir-mayookhe
maranam-anukaroti
patati madan-vishikhe
vilapati vikalataroti
vikalataroti
tava virahe vanamaali
sakhi seedati
tava virahe vanamaali
 
aa aa aaa aa
aa aa aaa aa
dhvanati madhupa-samoohe
shravanam-api dadhaati
manasi valit-virahe
nishi nishi rujam-upyaati
dhvanati madhupa-samoohe
shravanam-api dadhaati
manasi valit-virahe
nishi nishi rujam-upyaati

vasati vipin-vitaane

tyajati lalitdhaam
luth’ti dharani-shayane
bahu vilapati tava naam
vasati vipin-vitaane
tyajati lalitdhaam
luth’ti dharani-shayane
bahu vilapati tava naam aa
tava naam
tava virahe vanamaali
sakhi seedati
tava virahe vanamaali
sakhi seedati
tava virah..ae
vanamaali..ee

———————————-
Devnagari script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————–

[Ed Note: The complete text of the original song (song no. 10 in the book) consists of 8 verses, which appear in the 5th chapter of this epic poem, placed between the 34th and the 35th shloks in the book. For the purpose of the film, only the first four have been adapted. There is a lead in verse which is a part of this song. It reads as,
वहति मलयसमीरे मदनमुपनिधाय ।
स्फुटति कुसुमनिकरे विरहिहृदयदलनाय ॥  ]

तव विरहे वनमाली सखि सीदति ॥ १॥
तव विरहे वनमाली सखि सीदति
तव विरहे वनमाली

दहति शिशिरमयूखे मरणमनुकरोति ।
पतति मदनविशिखे विलपति विकलतरोऽति ॥ २॥
आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ
आ आ आ
आ आ आ आ आ
दहति शिशिरमयूखे मरणमनुकरोति
पतति मदनविशिखे विलपति विकलतरोऽति
तव विरहे वनमाली सखि सीदति
तव विरहे वनमाली

आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ आ
ध्वनति मधुपसमूहे श्रवणमपि दधाति ।
मनसि वलितविरहे निशि निशि रुजमुपयाति ॥ ३॥
ध्वनति मधुपसमूहे श्रवणमपि दधाति
मनसि वलितविरहे निशि निशि रुजमुपयाति

वसति विपिनविताने त्यजति ललितधाम ।
लुठति धरणिशयने बहु विलपति तव नाम ॥ ४॥
वसति विपिनविताने त्यजति ललितधाम
लुठति धरणिशयने बहु विलपति तव नाम
तव नाम
तव विरहे वनमाली सखि सीदति
तव विरहे वनमाली सखि सीदति
तव विरहे॰॰ए
वनमाली॰॰ई

 


This article is written by Peevesie’s Mom, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4054 Post No. : 15186 Movie Count :

4172

Hullo To all in Atuldom

A very happy Janmashtami or Gokulashtami or Sri Krishna Jayanthi as it is called in the various parts of the country. It is celebrated with a lot of prasads, bhajans and jagrans (in some regions). Jagran means keeping awake. The thought behind this is that Lord Krishna was born in the dead of the night so the devotees keep vigil till that hour. As per mythology it was raining heavily at the time of the Lord’s birth and most of the country is having a good monsoon at this point.

The Srimad Bhagwat Puraan says- at birth the Lord was transported, hidden inside a basket by his father Vasudev, to the house of Nand in Gokul, across a swollen Yamuna. (As if in anticipation of the lord there is a flood alert along the banks of the river Yamuna this year.) The Lord grew up in the loving care of Nand and his wife Yashoda. His baal-leelas (playful pastimes as a child) are described in the 10th Canto of the Srimad Bhagwat Puraan. One of the acts described in great detail is ‘maakhan chori‘ – how the lord Loved to reach out to the pots of curds, milk and butter that used to be hung up in the kitchens of Gokul.

Today’s song shows the day 2 of the Janmashtami / Gokulashtami celebrations that is very common in western India. It is from the 1979 Rajkumar Kohli directed Sunil Dutt- Reena Roy- Bindiya Goswami- Shatrughan Sinha starrer ‘Muqaabla’. It has songs penned by Verma Malik with Laxmi-Pyare as the music directors.  Asha Bhonsle, Kishore Kumar, Anwar, Mahendra Kapoor and Mohd. Rafi are the playback singers used in the movie. The movie was a typical romantic, masaala movie where Sunil Dutt and Shatru play gang leaders. I vaguely remember having seen it, possibly on television, and by the time I discovered it half the movie was over.

But here is the gist as given on IMDB.com:

Sheru (Shatrughan Sinha) and Vicky (Sunil Dutt) are two gang leaders. After a series of complications and mishaps both realize that they will be better off being friends and helping the poor and needy. They also fall in love with two separate women, one of them is Lacho (Reena Roy). When these two turn good guys, the bad guy’s leader Banwanri (Ranjeet) gets angry and vengeful. Fortunately, our two heroes get support from a honest police inspector (Premnath). Then Sheru finds out that Lacho really loves Vicky and his son, this embittered them both against each other. And the two again resume their old rivalry and hatred for each other.

As I said earlier, Janmashtami celebrations continue on to the second day in many parts of India. There are street corner scenes where in pots of goodies along with dahi are tied high up. Groups of youngsters make an attempt at breaking the pots, by making human pyramids and emulating Krishna’s habit of breaking pots which were tied up in the kitchens of yore.

In my younger days (there, I let the cat out of the bag, that I am not so young now though I like to think that I am still a bachcha 🙂 ) we used to have dahi-handi in our apartment complex between the two wings of flats. They used to be tied at a height of 1st floor. We needed a pyramid of three tiers to reach the handi. It was a very simple joyful day. Then as time went by, as in other spheres of life, commercialization set in the dahi-handi festival began to be conducted with prize money attached to the ropes of dahi-handi. This has further grown to the extent that there is this chowk (crossroad intersection) in Thane where the competition is held and the whole road is out of bounds for traffic for the day. And groups of youth practice for months on end to make pyramids which have seven or eight layers. There are numerous cases of people falling and breaking their limbs.  Lately there are also all girl groups in the contest. It is telecast live on all Marathi TV channels and makes for good viewing.

Dahi-handi was made popular in Hindi cinema by Shammi Kapoor in ‘Bluffmaster’ (1965) – the original “Govinda Aala Re, Aala, Zara Matki Sambhaal Brijbaala“.  Various heroes have copied him in subsequent years. In today’s song, we have Shatrughan Sinha and Sunil Dutt have a go at the handi along with Manmohan (in red shirt) and others who are not clear in this video. (A few years back Sonakshi Sinha also had a Govinda song to her name). The song is written by Verma Malik and Laxmikant Pyarelal are the music directors. Mohd Rafi and Kishore Kumar are the playback singers.  I couldn’t stop my smile when I saw Sunil Dutt dancing. Don’t know who the dance master was who gave him steps that were uncharacteristic of Duttsaab. Then Dr. Shreeram Lagoo enters the scene as the advisor of peace and I was desperately trying to recognize the actor in the light brown shirt with a head band who was trying to raise bets on who will break the handi. The finale of the song is the whole pyramid collapsing when this actor pokes a pin into the feet of one of the govindas (that is what the boys in the pyramid are called)

Govinda Aala Re!!!!

Song – Teen Batti Waala, Ae Govinda Aala  (Muqaabla) (1979) Singer -Mohammed Rafi, Kishore Kumar, Lyrics – Verma Malik, MD – Laxmikant Pyaarelal
Chorus

Lyrics (Provided by Prakashchandra)

teen batti waala
ae govinda aala
ae teen batti waala
he govinda aala
govinda govinda govinda
he govinda govinda govinda
rassi pe latki mitti ki matki
matki mein maal masaala
govinda
govinda
govinda teen batti waala
dekho matki phodne aala re aala

he laal patti waala
govinda aala
he laal patti waala
he govinda aala
govinda govinda govinda
he govinda govinda govinda
oopar latak ke niche patak ke
loot lo maal masaala
govinda
govinda
govinda lal patti waala
apni sena ko lekar aala re aala

baandh kataare daal do ghera
is matki par haq hai mera
baandh kataare daal do ghera
is matki par haq hai mera
sar koi uthaaye
sar ko jhuka do
haath uthe to
haath uda do
haathon ke tote ud jaayenge
hum se jo pad gaya paala
govinda
govinda
govinda teen batti wala
dekho matki phodne aala re aala

naam mera duniya pehchaane
bachcha bachcha mujhko jaane
naam mera duniya pehchaane
bachcha bachcha mujhko jaane
kadam uthe to
duniya jhukti
chalti hawa mujhe dekh kar rukti
mere haath se bach kar jaaye
bach kar jaaye
jaaye koi kismat wala
govinda
govinda
govinda lal patti wala
apni sena ko lekar aala re aala

govinda aala re aala
govinda aala re aala
is matki ko hum lootenge
govinda aala re aala
dekhna phir kayi sar phootenge
govinda aala re aala
hai muqaabla hum cha tum cha
koi na aaye beech mein chamcha
dekhta hoon mai tera hausla
kar doonga main abhi faisla
teen batti to jalti rahegi
lal patti bhi to chamakti rahegi
teen batti to jalti rahegi
lal patti bhi toh chamakti rahegi

[dialogues]

govinda govinda govinda govinda
he ae ae ae
govinda govinda govinda govinda
he ae ae ae
govinda govinda govinda
govinda govinda govinda
govinda govinda govinda
govinda govinda govinda
govinda govinda govinda
govinda govinda govinda
govinda govinda govinda
govinda govinda govinda


This article is written by Peevesie’s Mom, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4054 Post No. : 15185

Jai Sri Krishna.
Jai Govinda Jai Gopala.

The accompanying song is from Vinod Doshi presented 1983 release ‘Nastik’ which was directed by Pramod Chakravarthy. It starred Hema Malini, Nalini Jaywant, Reeta Bhadhuri, Sarika, Amitabh Bachchan, Pran, Amjad Khan, Deven Verma, Madan Puri, Bharat Bhushan, Lalitha Pawar, Jayshree T, Ratanmala, Praveen Paul, Kamal Kapoor, Shammi, Bhagwan, Yusuf Khan, Kamran, Viju Khote, Azaad, Pehalwan, Julian, Jaswant, Habib, Bob Christo, Daljeet, Tom Alter, Jezebel, Ranveer Raj, Darshan, Sehgal, Sunder Taneja, Umesh Khanna, Mehar Singh, Manik, Vaman, Master Raju, Baby Pinky, and Master Rajesh (young landlord grows up to be Amjad Khan).

It was basically an action-drama showcasing Amitabh as a young man (Shankar) who is outraged when his father is killed by the village landlord’s son Tiger (Amjad Khan) who also separates him from his mother and sister. He becomes an atheist – Nastik, and vows revenge on Tiger. Enroute to this destination of his, he encounters two small time crooks in Hema Malini and Pran. Like any masala movie the separated family members rediscover each other, Pran’s daughter regains consciousness to identify the person who tried to rape and kill her. So now Pran and Amitabh join forces and the family reunites in the climax at their village and the wrong doer is brought to book.

This movie had eight songs one of which is there on the blog. Today on the occasion of Sri Krishnashtami or Janmashtami, I present this bhajan, which appears twice in the movie. The movie opens with this bhajan as it is Shri Krishna Jayanti in the movie too. The first part is in the voices of Alka Yagnik and Sadhana Sargam. The bhajan comes again at the climax when Amitabh Bachchan has to deal with an almost dying sister – Reeta Bhadhuri and recollects the bhajan that he had sung with his father, sister etc in his childhood. The second version is in the voices of Mahendra Kapoor and Manhar Udhas (for Bharat Bhushan, Amitabh does not lip sync).

Govind Bolo Ke Krishna Kaho,
Shyaam Kaho Ya Murliwala
Matlab To Kanhaiya Se Hai

Haathi Ghoda Palki
Jai Kanhaiyalal ki

Part I

Part II

Song – Sagre Jagat Ka Ek Rakhwaala  (Nastik) (1983) Singer – Alka Yagnik, Sadhna Sargam, Manhar, Mahendra Kapoor, Lyrics – Anand Bakshi, MD – Kalyanji Anandji
Alka Yagnik + Sadhna Sargam
Chorus

Lyrics

Part 1
sagre jagat ka ek rakhwaala

sagre jagat ka ek rakhwaala
mohan murli waala..aa
mohan murli waala
shaam savere..ae
shaam savere jap mann mere
shyam ke naam ki maala..aa
sagre jagat ka ek rakhwaala
mohan murli waala
sagre jagat ka ek rakhwaala

[dialogues]

ho ooo ooooo
sab ka meet hai krishna kanhaiya
krishna kanhaiya
krishna kanhaiya
kanhaiya krishna kanhaiya
oooo oooo
jeewan geet hai krishna kanhaiya
krishna kanhaiya
krishna kanhaiya
kanhiya  krishna kanhaiya
jhoom uthe sab. . .
jhoom uthe tab
bansuriya jab
chhede nand ka lala..aa..aa
sagre jagat ka ek rakhwaala
mohan murli waala
sagre jagat ka ek rakhwaala

[dialogues]

ooo ooooo
woh hi sab ki laaj bachaaye,
laaj bachaaye
krishna kanhaiya
kanhiya krishna kanhaiya
hooo oooo
sabke bigde kaaj banaaye,
kaaj banaaye
krishna kanhaiya,
kanhiya krishna kanhaiya
antaryaami..ee
antaryaami sab ka swami
gokul ka woh gwaala..aa
sagre jagat ka ek rakhwaala

ooo ooooo
oooo ooooooo ooooo ooo
ye sukh dukh ye mann ye jeevan
ye mann ye jeevan
ye sukh dukh ye mann ye jeewan
sab tera sab tere arpan
sab tera sab tere arpan
tu hi sab kuchh dene waala
tu hi lene waala
sagre jagat ka ek rakhwaala
mohan murli waala
sagre jagat ka ek rakhwaala

gopala jai jai gopala
gopala jai jai gopala
ho ooo
gopala jai jai gopala

[dialogues]

gopala jai jai gopala
govinda jai jai Gopala
govinda jai jai gopala
hooo govinda jai jai Gopala
govinda jai jai gopala
krishna kanhaiya
kanhaiya murli wala
krishna kanhaiya
kanhaiya murli wala
krishna kanhaiya
kanhaiya murli wala
kanhiya murli wala
kanhaiya murli wala
kanhaiya murli wala
kanhaiya murli wala
kanhaiya murli wala

Part 2

oooooo oooooooo
tod ke jhoothe bharam ke phande
tod ke jhoothe bharam ke phande
sheesh jhuka kar dekh to bande
sheesh jhuka kar dekh to bande
ho sakta hai ae ae ae
ho sakta hai
teri bhi sun le
sab ki sun’ne waala
sagre jagat ka ek rakhwaala
aaaa aaaaa aaaa aaaa
aaaa aaaaa aaaa aaaa
aaaa aaaaa aaaa aaaa

shyam ki leela main kya jaanu
aaaa aaaa
o o shyam ki leela main kya jaanu
main logon ki baat na maanu
aaaa aaaaa aaaa 
dars dikhaaye
aaaa aaaaa aaaa 
saamne aaye
aaaa aaaaa aaaa 
dars dikhaaye saamne aaye
mujhse chhupne waala..aa..aa
sagre jagat ka ek rakhwaala
mohan murli waala
sagre jagat ka ek rakhwaala


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4040 Post No. : 15165

Today’s song is from film Gulami-45. It was a film made by Shalimar Pictures, Poona. Directed by M.Wadhwani, its music was by S.K.Pal. Songs were written by Bharat Vyas, Josh Malihabadi, Akhtar-ul-iman and Majaj. Film Gulami aka Rape of Burma-45 was not a great film. The cast of the film was Renuka Devi, Masood Pervez, David, Tiwari, Bharat Vyas, H. Prakash, Kathana, Balraj Mehta, Neelam etc etc.

The Heroine Renuka Devi was an extraordinary woman, considering the times in which she was living. Renuka Devi ( Begum Khursheed Mirza) was perhaps one of the most educated, upper class, sophisticated and highly cultured Muslim lady, who ever joined the film industry then. One more striking feature of Renuka Devi was that she was one of the very few actresses, who joined films after their marriage. The other such examples I remember off hand are those of Meenakshi Shirodkar (Bramhachari-38 fame), Shobhana Samarth and actress Neena ( real name Shahida-wife of Mohsin Abdulla, brother of Renuka Devi).

Renuka Devi (4-3-1918 to 8-2-1989) had studied up to Masters degree in English Literature, from Aligarh Muslim University. The only other nearest example I remember off hand is that of actress Vanmala (real name Susheela Devi Pawar), who had done B.A., B.T. and was a Teacher in the college before joining films,at the behest of writer, journalist and Director P.K.Atre.

Back in the Thirties, acting in films was not considered an honourable profession for anybody. And for a married woman from a well-educated and respectable upper-middle class Muslim family, it was forbidden to even think about it. But Khurshid Mirza, the daughter of the founders of the Aligarh Women’s College, the wife of a police officer and already a mother of two, was too free-spirited to be tied down by any social norm. She took the plunge and soon a star named Renuka Devi was born.

In those days,popular actresses used to earn quite a lot. For example, Shobhana Samarth earned 36000 ( about 18 lakhs at today’s rate) rupees every year. Other actresses like Shanta Apte, Naseem Bano, Sardar Akhtar, Madhuri etc got about 30000 or so. This was a time when a Chiffon Saree was for Rs.9 and a brand New Studbaker car was for Rs. 5000 only. Renuka Devi also was interested in earning money. However Renuka Devi did only few films in her career. She worked with Bombay Talkies, New Theatres, Shalimar and such big banners. Her films are Jeevan Prabhat-37, Bhabhi-38, Badi didi-39, Naya Sansar-41, Shri Ramanuja-43, Sahara-43, Samrat Chandragupta-45, and Gulami-45 .

After partition, her family migrated to Pakistan. In Pakistan, though in demand, she refused to do any films. Instead, she decided to devote her time for women’s uplift, education, welfare and social work. She also did some work on Pakistan Radio,and Pakistan TV.

She published 9 instalments of her autobiography in the popular magazine ” Herald ” from August 1982 to April 1983, under the title ” The uprooted sapling”. This was,later on edited and published by her daughter Lubna as a Book, in 2004, titled- ” A woman of substance- the memoirs of Begum Khursheed Mirza “.

In her book she included a chapter of 24 pages ” Renuka Devi-my celluloid identity”, in which she has described many interesting anecdotes. Her detailed description of the times of the 30s and 40s is a lovely chronicle of the history of Bombay film industry.

Renuka Devi died on 8-2-1989 at Lahore after a prolonged illness. ( As her bio has already been given earlier in this Blog by me and Sadanand Kamath ji, I am not repeating it here).

Film Gulami-45 was a film without the regular Heroine of Shalimar pictures-Neena- real name Shahida. She was Mohsin Abdulla’s wife before W.Z.Ahmed lured her in his net. Abdulla was Renuka Devi’s younger brother. it is said that during the shooting of the film in the studio, Neena never ever visited the studio, as she was too embarrassed to face her sister-in-law.

Bharat Vyas (18-12-1918 to 5-7-82) -who wrote the story,songs and even acted in it, was spotted by W. Z.Ahmed and he offered Vyas a lucrative salary which was hard to refuse, to join Shalimar. Vyas was happy to join because, in Shalimar, he had the company of Josh Malihabaqdi,Akhtar-ul-iman, Kishen Chander, Ramanand Sagar and Sagar Nizami-all employed by Shalimar.He started by writing all 12 songs for film Prem Sangeet-43.Then came Mann ki jeet-44 and Prithwiraj Sanyogita-46. His last film here, Meerabai-47, was also the last film of Shalimar. His job was to adapt Meera bhajans in song form.

After Partition,Neena and Ahmed migrated to Pakistan, taking along with them all the prints of their films and Shalimar became an orphan. Vyas went to Madras to work for S S Vasan for his film ‘ Chandralekha’-48. When he came back, he was approached by some ex-workers of Shalimar. They wanted to revive Shalimar by completing the incomplete film ‘ Rangila Rajasthan. Actually, in 1946 itself, Ahmed had entrusted this film’s direction to Bharat Vyas and some shooting was also done. However due to several reasons, this film was stopped and Meerabai was completed.

They wanted like minded ex-employees to work free to produce the film.Bharat Vyas agreed.He not only wrote songs,but also composed few songs, along with MDs S K Pal and B S Kalla. Further he directed film ‘Rangeela Rajasthan’-49.However, despite all efforts, the film flopped and Shalimar closed down for ever.

In film Gulami, Vyas wrote some songs and aslo sang a duet and a solo song, besides acting in it.Bharat Vyas wrote 1247 songs in a85 films. He acted in 3 films- Gulami-45, Prithviraj Sanyogita-46 and Maa-52. He sang 8 songs in 6 films- Prem sangeet-43, Mann ki jeet-44, Gulami-45, Chandralekhs-48, Navrang-59 and Bharat ki santan-80.

A very odd name in the cast can be seen- Balraj Mehta. I am sure,hardly anyone has ever heard his name, but he was a very active person in his life. Born on 22-4-1918 at Lahore, he was the son of Sukh Dayal Mehta – Superintendent in the Commissioner’s office at Lahore. He completed Matriculation from Central Model High School and B.A. from Dayal Singh College of Lahore in 1939.

He was active in Students’ union and held General Secretary’s post of Punjab University Students’ Union, in 35-37. He organised All India Student Federation conference in 36/37. He was a born Leader. He was interested in acting on stage. In 1944, he founded Indian National Theatre (I.N.T.), which is a very famous institution in India now also. He wrote, directed and produced its first stage drama ” Aawaaz’ in 1945.

By now he was married and needed to earn money. He joined film line. He acted first in ‘ Dulla Batti’ in 1939-40. Then came Sajjan-41,Panna-44, Parakh-44, Patharon ka Saudagar-44, Gulami-45 and lastly Pul-47.In the period 1944-45, he also became Secretary of Film Artistes’ Association and served it for a long time. In 1947, he entered Politics. After Independence, he became a journalist. There is no information about him after this.

Though, film Gulami-45 was completed and certified by Censors in 45, it was released somewhere in the mid 46, as per news item found in Film India magazine. Though the magazine did not publish its full review, a short note, as usual, criticised the lead pair’s acting and praised the direction. It had no good words about the music also. Some readers’ comments also criticised the film.

It was pointed out by one reader that the film was a copy of Hollywood film ” Dragon Seed “-1944. The film ,in its advertisement, described it to be a ‘ Thrilling Patriotic story’. The parallel title of the film was ” Rape of Burma”, indicating a love story in Burma with the war background. However,when the film was released in or around May 1946, the War had ended long back and the film had lost its advantage of Topicality. Baburao Patel also ridiculed showing the married and a mother of 2 kids (Renuka Devi) as an 18 year old girl in the movie.

Renuka Devi was not a singer, nor is there any evidence that she received training is Music. Same case was with Bharat Vyas. Still,they sang this duet in a well balanced way. Though the songs of this film ( I have 4 songs of this film with me) are not that well tuned to remain in memory, but they were of average standard. Even otherwise the MD-S.K.Pal ( nephew of Ramchandra Pal,MD with Bombay Talkies), was not famous to have created any memorable song in his career.

So, here is the duet of Bharat Vyas and Renuka Devi.

(Some information in this article is used, with thanks, from the book ” A woman of substance” by Renuka Devi, webly.com, Who’s who in Film Industry-46, issues of Film India for 1945 and 1946 and my own notes.)


Song-Aajaa aajaa aajaa re O Geeta ke Bhagwaan (Ghulaami)(1945) Singers-Bharat Vyas, Renuka Devi, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-S K Pal
Both

Lyrics

aaja aaja aaja re
aaja aaja aaja re
aaja aaja aaja re
aaja aaja aaja re
o geeta ke bhagwaan
wo apna vachan nibha ja re
o krishn shiv aajaa aajaa re
aaja aaja aaja re

kab se naina pyaase hain
pal bhar to pyaas bujha jaa
kab se naina pyaase hain
pal bhar to pyaas bujha jaa

ham laakh baar aayen mohan
tu ek baar to aa jaa
ham laakh baar aayen mohan
tu ek baar to aa jaa
aaja aaja aaja re
aaja aaja aaja re

ek baar phir braj mein raas racha ja
bansiwaale
ek baar phir braj mein raas racha ja
bansiwaale

sang tumhaare naachen ham
ban kar gokul ke gwaale
sang tumhaare naachen ham
ban kar gokul ke gwaale

bas ek baar phir braj ki wo
bas ek baar phir braj ki wo
jhaanki dikhla jaa re
?? dikhlaa jaa re
phir usi baansuri ki sundar wo
taan suna jaa re ae ae
seeta ke bhagwaan wo apna
vachan nibha jaa re
o krishn phir aaja aajaa re
aaja aajaa aajaa re

brij baalaayen roti hain
rote hain gokul waale
brij baalaayen roti hain
rote hain gokul waale

jamuna ki lahren roti hain
kyun roothhe bansi waale
bansi waale ham roton ko
kuchh dheer bandhaa jaa re ae
bansi waale ham roton ko
kuchh dheer bandhaa jaa re

hamen ye to samjha jaa re
kya bhool huyi jo bhool gaya
kya bhool huyi jo bhool gaya
ye bhed bataa jaa re
geeta ke bhagwaan ho apna vachan nibha jaa re
o krishn phir aajaa aajaa re
aajaa aajaa aajaa re


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3948 Post No. : 15023 Movie Count :

4118

Missing Films of 1960s – 106
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Today, we bring on board the 1968 film ‘Balram Srikrishna’. We are now down to some of the most obscure films on this list of pending films of 1960s. However, the film itself is available, and the video clip of this song is uploaded. As the name suggests, it is a mythological / historical film based on our scriptures. It depicts some of the episodes from the stories related to the Sri Krishna avataar of the Supreme Lord. And Balram is the name of the elder brother of Sri Krishna in this incarnation.

The film is produced under the banner of Joy Films, Bombay and is directed by Chandrakant. The star cast listed for this film is very very impressive – Dara Singh, Shahu Modak, Premnath, Nana Palsikar, Randhawa, Azad, Ashish Kumar, Gemini Ganesh, Prithviraj, Savitri, Jaishri Gadkar, Geetanjali, Madhumati, Bela Bose, Padma Rani, Sushma, Uma Khosla, Aruna Irani, Sulochana Chatterjee, Babu Raje, Sherry, BM Vyas, Anand Joshi, Arvind Pandya, Bhale Rao, Radheshyam, and Pal Sharma.

There are nine songs listed for this film. All songs are from the pen of Kavi Pradeep. The music composition is by C Ramchandra. This song is rendered by Asha Bhosle, supported by a chorus of voices.

On screen this song is performed by Geetanjali, accompanied by a group of sahelis. I have not seen this film, but my intuition tells me that Geetanjali is playing the role of Rukmani, the daughter of Bhishmaka, the king of Vidarbha. As per the descriptions in the Puranas, Rukmani is the incarnation of Goddess Lakshmi. In this incarnation, she is born on this earth as the daughter of Bhishmaka. At a young age, she learns about Lord Krishna, His beauty and His virtues. She starts to love Him in Her heart, and takes a vow that She would be married only Him. As is logical even, for Goddess Lakshmi cannot be betrothed to anyone other than the Supreme Lord Vishnu himself, because they are the Eternal Couple.

The later part of the stories tell about how Her brother Rukmi announces Her betrothal to Shishupal, the crown prince of Chedi. This is to please Jarasandh, the King of Magadh. Jarasandh is a sworn enemy of Krishna, as he is the father-in-law of King Kamsa of Mathura, whom Krishna had slain in hand-to-hand combat. The detailed stories are quite intricate. Suffice to say that Rukmini becomes aware of Rukmi’s plans to get Her married to Shishupal. Having made a personal vow to Herself, that She would marry Krishna only, She sends a message to Him through a brahmin. On receiving the message, Krishna, who is now the King of Dwarka, sets out in His chariot to reach Vidarbha at the earliest. Balram, His elder brother, follows him with the army, quite correctly anticipating trouble, when Krishna would reach Vidarbha.

Bhishmaka, Rukmani’s father, is in favor of his daughter marrying Krishna, but is helpless in the face of Rukmi’s arrogant insistence. On the morning of the wedding day, Rukmani goes to the temple for prayers. Krishna is waiting there, all set with His chariot and horses. They elope from the temple, and start Their journey towards Dwarka. When Rukmi learns about this elopement, gathers his army and sets out in chase of the fleeing Couple. The two armies catch up. While Balram with his army vanquishes the army of Rukmi and Jarasandh, Krishna engages in a duel with Rukmi and defeats him. He is just going to behead him, when Rukmani begs that Her brother be forgiven. Krishna relents and spares Rukmi’s life.

As mentioned earlier, the complete description is very detailed and intricate. Only a brief summary has been presented above to establish the context. This song, from the lyrics and the performance, is most likely from the time when Rukmani has realized Her love for Krishna in Her heart, and She is pining to meet Him and see Him. The verses tell of the depth of Her anxious eagerness to meet Him.

A very melodious song, that I have heard for the first time, as I prepare for this post. A lost gem that should have been better known. Listen and enjoy.

Song – Jis Ki Sohni Hai Soorat, Mann Mohini Hai Moorat  (Balram Srikrishna) (1968) Singer – Asha Bhosle, Lyrics – Kavi Pradeep, MD – C Ramchandra
Chorus

Lyrics

aa aaa aaaa aaaaa

koi bata do
pata piya ka
kahaan mera chit chor
main wo prem deewaani
jis ka preetam
nand kishore

jis ki sohni hai soorat
mann mohni hai moorat
aise saanwariya se jaane kab hoga milan
aise saanwariya se jaane kab hoga milan

jis ki sohni hai soorat
mann mohni hai moorat
aise saanwariya se jaane kab hoga milan
aise saanwariya se jaane kab hoga milan

door disha mein muraliya boley
taan taan par jiya mera doley
door disha mein muraliya boley
taan taan par jiya mera doley
muraliya boley
jiyara doley
jis ka naam bansi waala
jis ne chhup chhup jaadu daala
aise natkhat se mere kab ladenge nayan
aise natkhat se mere kab ladenge nayan
jis ki sohni hai soorat
mann mohni hai moorat
aise saanwariya se jaane kab hoga milan
aise saanwariya se jaane kab hoga milan

jaane kis din
aayenge sainyaan
pyaar se meri
pakdenge bainyaan
jaane kis din
aayenge sainyaan
pyaar se meri
pakdenge bainyaan
aayenge sainyaan
pakdenge bainyaan
jin ka sunder hai badan
jin ka roop mann mohan
aise prabhu mujhe denge kab darshan
aise prabhu mujhe denge kab darshan
jis ki sohni hai soorat
mann mohni hai moorat
aise saanwariya se jaane kab hoga milan
aise saanwariya se jaane kab hoga milan

jab jab nabh mein
baadal chhaate
mujhe ghan shyaam mere
bade yaad aate
jab jab nabh mein
baadal chhaate
mujhe ghan shyaam mere
bade yaad aate
baadal chhaate
yaad wo aate
jis ko maana mann hi mann
maine apna jeevan dhan
aise piya ji ki main kab banungi dulhan
aise piya ji ki main kab banungi dulhan
jis ki sohni hai soorat
mann mohni hai moorat
aise saanwariya se jaane kab hoga milan
aise saanwariya se jaane kab hoga milan

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-

आ आss आss आssss

कोई बता दो
पता पिया का
कहाँ मेरा चित चोर
मैं वो प्रेम दीवानी
जिसका प्रीतम
नन्द किशोर

जिसकी सोहनी है सूरत
मन मोहनी है मूरत
ऐसे साँवरिया से जाने कब होगा मिलन
ऐसे साँवरिया से जाने कब होगा मिलन

जिसकी सोहनी है सूरत
मन मोहनी है मूरत
ऐसे साँवरिया से जाने कब होगा मिलन
ऐसे साँवरिया से जाने कब होगा मिलन

दूर दिशा में मुरलीया बोले
तान तान पर जिया मोरा डोले
दूर दिशा में मुरलीया बोले
तान तान पर जिया मोरा डोले
मुरलीया बोले
जियरा डोले
जिसका नाम बंसी वाला
जिस ने छुप छुप जादू डाला
ऐसे नटखट से मेरे कब लड़ेंगे नयन
ऐसे नटखट से मेरे कब लड़ेंगे नयन
जिसकी सोहनी है सूरत
मन मोहनी है मूरत
ऐसे साँवरिया से जाने कब होगा मिलन
ऐसे साँवरिया से जाने कब होगा मिलन

जाने किस दिन
आएंगे संईयां
प्यार से मेरी
पकड़ेंगे बंईयां
जाने किस दिन
आएंगे संईयां
प्यार से मेरी
पकड़ेंगे बंईयां
आएंगे संईयां
पकड़ेंगे बंईयां
जिनका सुंदर है बदन
जिनका रूप मन मोहन
ऐसे प्रभु मुझे देंगे कब दर्शन
ऐसे प्रभु मुझे देंगे कब दर्शन
जिसकी सोहनी है सूरत
मन मोहनी है मूरत
ऐसे साँवरिया से जाने कब होगा मिलन
ऐसे साँवरिया से जाने कब होगा मिलन

जब जब नभ में
बादल छाते
मुझे घन श्याम मेरे
बड़े याद आते
जब जब नभ में
बादल छाते
मुझे घन श्याम मेरे
बड़े याद आते
बादल छाते
याद वो आते
जिसको माना मन ही मन
मैंने अपना जीवन धन
ऐसे पिया जी की मैं कब बनूँगी दुल्हन
ऐसे पिया जी की मैं कब बनूँगी दुल्हन
जिसकी सोहनी है सूरत
मन मोहनी है मूरत
ऐसे साँवरिया से जाने कब होगा मिलन
ऐसे साँवरिया से जाने कब होगा मिलन


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3898 Post No. : 14946

Little earlier in the day, Atul ji mentioned about the timing of posting of Holi songs, and I quote,

Different festivals remain topical for different duration of time. If we do not post a write up within this time then the post loses its relevance. In case of Holi, it is the first half of the day mostly when people are mostly in festive mood, though it spills over to the afternoon as well.

As I am rushing to complete this post, it is already around 6 pm. Yes, the festivities for the day have been over for some time. Mostly the people have cleaned up and many would have had their afternoon siestas too. Maybe the only remaining sign of the festivities from earlier part of the day are the splashes of colored water on walls and floors, which most people would address tomorrow morning. Ah yes, another lingering evidence of the celebration could be some people still in the hangover of the bhaang, maybe still sleeping it off, or if awake, not yet back from the cuckoo land. 🙂

This post is coming somewhat late in the day, but the attempt is cover an important aspect of the celebrations of today. The festival of Holi, for ages now, has been intimately associated with the story of Lord Krishna. And so, the celebration somehow does not seem to be complete without having one song about Holi in Biraj, or Brij, the native place where the child Krishna grew up. There abound many a legends and folk songs that tell of the Holi celebrations when Krishna was in Brij. And the same has also been carried over into the Hindi films. Many a songs of Holi in Hindi films revolve around the stories and pastimes of Krishna.

I present this lovely Holi song from the 1970 film ‘Mastaana’. The lyrics for this song have been sent in by dear Prakash ji.

Produced under the banner of Suchitra and directed by A Subbarao, the cast of actors in this film is Mehmood, Padmini, Vinod Khanna, Bharti, Rehman, Bobby, Shyama, Ramesh Dev, Manorama, Mukri, Leela Mishra, Kamal Kapoor, Shivraj, Paro, Narbada Shankar, Mumtaz Begum, Raj Kishore, Jankidas, Ravikant, Prabhat Kumar, Habeeb, and Guddi.

The song is written by Anand Bakshi and the music composition is by Laxmikant Pyaarelal. We have three singing voices in this song – Mohammed Rafi, Asha Bhosle and Mukesh. Interestingly, Asha ji’s voice is used as playback for three artists on screen – Padmini, the child actor Bobby who plays the role of child Krishna in this song, and Bharati. Rafi Sb’s voice is used for playback for Mehmood and Mukesh’s voice for Vinod Khanna. Another dear song that I was not aware that it has not yet been posted here.

Interesting part of the song – it uses four different folk dance forms. Initially it is the typical filmi style choreography that is used. Then later in the song, we see the four flavors, and the language of the chorus also gets modified accordingly. First we have the typical Brij rendition and folk dance. Then we have the Punjabi bhangra and Punjabi words in the chorus. This is followed by Gujarati dandia raas, with Gujarati words in the chorus. And then we have the Maharashtra folk dance steps, and Marathi words in the chorus. Very interestingly done. 🙂

Greetings for the festival yet once more before the day is out. Well, it is still daytime in other parts of the world. Khyati Ben is probably just in the process of waking up, and for her, the planning and cooking and the celebration is still to happen. 🙂  Krishna makes his appearance for the festivities and we all wish everyone, a very happy and colorful ambiance of this festival to last and continue through to the next year. And then, we shall have more songs to post. 🙂

Happy Holi.

Song – Nand Laala. . . Holi Khelen Biraj Mein Dhoom Machi Hai  (Mastaana) (1970) Singer – Mohammed Rafi, Asha Bhosle, Mukesh, Lyrics – Anand Bakshi, MD – Laxmikant Pyaarelal
Male Chorus
Female Chorus
All Chorus

Lyrics (Provided by Prakashchandra)

hoyye
nandlaala
holi khele
biraj mein dhoom machhi hai
nandlaala
holi khele
biraj mein dhoom machhi hai

heyye
sa ra rara rara rara rara rara
sar se paaon tak bheej gayi brij baala
ara rara rara rara
beech dagar mein
raadhaa ko rang daala
daala
nandlaala
holi khele
biraj mein dhoom machhi hai
nandlaala
holi khele
biraj mein dhoom machhi hai

ho sa ra rara rara rara rara rara
goraa mukh
neelaa peelaa kar daalaa
ara rara rara rara
bhaago daudo
aayaa murli waala
laala
nandlaala
holi khele
biraj mein dhoom machhi hai
nandlaala

gagari phodoonga
main na chhodoonga
gagari phodoonga
o main na chhodoonga
tu aagey daudegi
main peechhe daudoongaa..aa
gagari phodoonga
main na chhodoonga
tu gokul ki ek gujariyaa
main mathura ka gwaalaa
tera mukhda kyon goraa
jab mera mukdaa kaalaa
kaalaa
nandlaala
holi khele
biraj mein dhoom machhi hai
nandlaala

holi khelenge
jhaanjhar waali se
holi khelenge
jhaanjhar waali se
o hum kya darte hain
kisi ki gaali se..ae
holi khelenge
jhaanjhar waali se
haayye rey barjori
peechhe pad gaya ye matwaalaa
tooti meri kaanch ki choodi
gir gaya kaan ka baala
baala
nandlaala
holi khele
biraj mein dhoom machhi hai
nandlaala
holi khele
biraj mein dhoom machhi hai
nandlaala

sa ra rara rara rara raa. . .

holi
nandlaala
holi khele
biraj mein dhoom machhi
holi nandlaala

aa ho
nandlaala
holi khele
biraj wich dhoom machhi
aa ho
nandlaala

bhaa lo
nandlaala
holi ramey
biraj maa dhoom machhi
ke bhaalo
nandlaala

aa laa
nandlaala
holi kheru
brij nu raas ho la
aa laa
nandlaala

hoo ooo
ooo ooo ooo oooooo oo

rangey ik rang mein
o apne begaane
ho rangey ik rang mein
o apne begaane
to kaise phir koi
kisi ko pehchaane..e..e
rangey ik rang mein
ho apne begaane
saamne jo bhi aaya
hum ne kuchh na dekha bhaala
dusman ke bhi galey mein hum ne
daal di prem ki maala
maala

nandlaala
holi khele
biraj mein dhoom machhi hai

ik maati ke hum putle
(nandlaala. . .  holi khele)
ye kehta hai mastaana
(biraj mein dhoom machhi hai)
bhed bhaav jo mann mein rakhe
(nandlaala. . .  holi khele)
wo paagal deewaana
(biraj mein dhoom machhi hai)

nandlaala
holi khele
biraj mein dhoom machhi hai

nandlaala
holi khele
biraj mein dhoom machhi hai

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-

होये॰ ॰ ॰
नंदलाला
होली खेले
बिरज में धूम मची है
नंदलाला
होली खेले
बिरज में धूम मची है

हेय॰ ॰ ॰
स र रर रर रर रर रर
सर से पाँव तक भीज गई ब्रिजबाला
आरा रारा रारा रारा
बीच डगर में
राधा को रंग डाला
डाला
नंदलाला
होली खेले
बिरज में धूम मची है
नंदलाला
होली खेले
बिरज में धूम मची है

हो स र रर रर रर रर रर
गोरा मुख
नीला पीला कर डाला
आरा रारा रारा रारा
भागो दौड़ो
आया मुरली वाला
लाला
नंदलाला
होली खेले
बिरज में धूम मची है

गगरी फोड़ूंगा
मैं ना छोड़ूंगा
गगरी फोड़ूंगा
ओ मैं ना छोड़ूंगा
तू आगे दौड़ेगी
मैं पीछे दौड़ूंगा
गगरी फोड़ूंगा
मैं ना छोड़ूंगा
तू गोकुल की एक गुजरिया
मैं मथुरा का ग्वाला
तेरा मुखड़ा क्यों गोरा
जब मेरा मुखड़ा काला
काला
नंदलाला
होली खेले
बिरज में धूम मची है

होली खेलेंगे
झांझरवाली से
होली खेलेंगे
झांझरवाली से
ओ हम क्या डरते हैं
किसी की गाली से
होली खेलेंगे
झांझरवाली से
हाये रे बरजोरी
पीछे पड़ गया ये मतवाला
टूटी मेरी काँच की चूड़ी
गिर गया कान का बाला
बाला
नंदलाला
होली खेले
बिरज में धूम मची है
नंदलाला
होली खेले
बिरज में धूम मची है
नंदलाला

स र रर रर रर रर रर

होली
नंदलाला
होली खेले
बिरज में धूम मची है
होली नंदलाला

आ हो
नंदलाला
होली खेले
बिरज विच धूम मची
आ हो
नंदलाला

भालो नंदलाला
होली रमे
बिरज मा धूम मची
के भालो नंदलाला

आला नंदलाला
होली खेरू
बिरज नू रास हो ला
आला नंदलाला

होss ओss
ओss ओss ओss ओsssss ओs

रंगे इक रंग में
ओ अपने बेगाने
हो रंगे इक रंग में
ओ अपने बेगाने
तो कैसे फिर कोई
किसी को पहचाने॰॰ए॰॰ए
हो रंगे इक रंग में
अपने बेगाने
सामने जो भी आया
हमने कुछ ना देखा भाला
दुसमन के भी गले में हमने
दाल दी प्रेम की माला
माला

नंदलाला
होली खेले
बिरज में धूम मची है

इक माटी के हम पुतले
(नंदलाला॰ ॰ ॰ होली खेले)
ये कहता है मस्ताना
(बिरज में धूम मची है)
भेद भाव जो मन में रखे
(नंदलाला॰ ॰ ॰ होली खेले)
वो पागल दीवाना
(बिरज में धूम मची है)

नंदलाला
होली खेले
बिरज में धूम मची है

नंदलाला
होली खेले
बिरज में धूम मची है


This article is written by Avinash Scrapwala, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3890 Post No. : 14923

———————————————–
Blog 10-Year Challenge (2009-19) – Song No. 16
————————————————

15 songs have been covered so far in the ‘ten-year challenge’ on the blog so far and this will be the 16th post in the series.

As we proceed in this journey, it is getting more and more interesting at least as far as I am concerned. I was not associated with the blog ten years ago, so my browsing through the blog for posts of those days give me an interesting singh on the way posts were appearing on the blog ten year ago. My first comment on the blog would appear on the blog on 15.09.2009.

This process of visiting or revisiting or re-revisiting brings back memories associated with those movies or songs that were covered those days. Some of these movies are those which I have watched when I was growing and some are when I was already a grown up (:) ) person, like from 1989 onwards.

Coming back to the movies of songs that were presented on 13.03.2009 we have the following list;

‘Naiyya-1979’
‘Zakhmee-1975’
‘Saajan-1969’
‘Chitchor-1976’
‘Parwaana-1971’
‘Haqeeqat-1964’
‘Bandhan-1940’
‘Dushman-1939’

All the movies except ‘Saajan-1969’ have achieved ‘all songs covered’ (Yippeeee:) ) status on the blog.

I remember to have watched ‘Saajan-1969’ either during mid-seventies or in late seventies. And since then two songs from this movie were always in my memory and nostalgic for me. Both of these songs viz. ‘resham ki dori’ and ‘saajan saajan pukaaroon galiyon mein’ have already been posted on the blog.

Today’s song is a classical based song where Asha Parekh is performing on a stage. Watching this reminds me of many of her classical dance-based performances in other movies, and which I think were a regular feature in the movies she acted in given her prowess in classical dance.

When I initially checked the songs from ‘Saajan-1969’ I thought I had come across a longer version of this song (or maybe I am mistaken) , but finally at the time of drafting this article I could locateonly a shorter video link.
However, I looked for the audio of this song which has two stanzas, though only one stanza is there in the in movie available online. Knowledgeable readers are requested to throw more light on this. Or maybe, I guess, this song was edited in the movie.

‘Saajan-1969’ was produced and directed by Mohan Sehgal for ‘Delux Films, Bombay’. It had Asha Parekh, Manoj Kumar, Om Prakash, Shabnam, Sulochana, Madan Puri, Jagirdar, Sapru, Raj Mehra, S.P. Sinha, Jankidas, Brahm Bharadwaj, Shammi, Lata Bose, Murad, Iftekhar, Ratan Gaurang, Mirajkar, Parasram, and Narmada Shankar.

This movie had total seven tracks including one music track and one multiple version song. All songs in this movie were written by Anand Bakshi and music was composed by Laxmikant-Pyarelal.
So far four songs (including one multiple version song) from this movie have been covered.

Today’s song is the fifth song from this movie being posted and that would leave us with only one song remaining to be posted from this movie to take it to the ‘Yippeeee land’ 🙂 (however this remaining song doesn’t seem to be available either on video or audio, we need to search and check or knowledgeable readers can advice and throw more light on this)

Let us now enjoy today’s song …

Audio (Full)

Video (Partial)

Song-Baansuri tihaari Nandlal (Saajan)(1969) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Anand Bakshi, MD-Laxmikant Pyarelal

Lyrics

Baansuri tihaari Nandlal
Bani mori sautaniyaa
Baansuri tihaari Nandlal
Bani mori sautaniyaa
Ye paas tere bairan
Hoon door main sajaniyaa
Baansuri tihaari Nandlal
Bani mori sautaniyaa
Baansuri tihaari Nandlal
Bani mori sautaniyaa

Bansi ko tu honthhon se lagaaye
Bansi ko tu honthhon se lagaaye
Man tadpaaye
Mora jee tarsaaye
Kaahe ko maine tose neha lagaaye ae
Kaahe ko maine tose neha lagaaye
Ye jag maine chhoda
Bani main joganiya
Baansuri
Baansuri ee
Baansuri tihaari Nandlal
Bani mori sautaniyaa
Baansuri tihaari Nandlal
Bani mori sautaniyaa

Kehne lage hain mohe birhan saare
Kehne lage hain mohe birhan saare
Ye do naina more birhaa ke maare
Baat nihaare teri saanj sakhaare ae
Baat nihaare teri saanj sakhaare
O raat bhar jaagoon main ban ke chandaniya
Baansuri
Baansuri ee
Baansuri tihaari Nandlal
Bani mori sautaniyaa
Ye paas tere bairan
Hoon door main sajaniyaa
Baansuri tihaari Nandlal
Bani mori sautaniyaa
Mori sautaniyaa
Mori sautaniyaa
Baansuri tihaari Nandlal
Bani mori sautaniyaa

———————————-
Devnagri Script lyrics(Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
———————————-
बांसुरी तिहारी नन्दलाल
बनी मोरी सौतनिया
बांसुरी तिहारी नन्दलाल
बनी मोरी सौतनिया
ये पास तेरे बैरन
हूँ दूर मैं सजनिया
बांसुरी तिहारी नन्दलाल
बनी मोरी सौतनिया
बांसुरी तिहारी नन्दलाल
बनी मोरी सौतनिया

बंसी को तू होंठों से लगाए
बंसी को तू होंठों से लगाए
मन तडपाये
मोरा जी तरसाए
काहे को मैंने तोसे नेहा लगाए ए
काहे को मैंने तोसे नेहा लगाए
ये जग मैंने छोड़ा
बनी मैं जोगनिया
बांसुरी
बांसुरी ई
बांसुरी तिहारी नन्दलाल
बनी मोरी सौतनिया
बांसुरी तिहारी नन्दलाल
बनी मोरी सौतनिया

कहने लगे हैं मोहे बिरहन सारे
कहने लगे हैं मोहे बिरहन सारे
ये दो नैना मोरे बिरहा के मारे
बाट निहारे तेरी सांज सखारे ए
बाट निहारे तेरी सांज सखारे
ओ रात भर जागु मैं बन के चंदनिया
बांसुरी
बांसुरी ई
बांसुरी तिहारी नन्दलाल
बनी मोरी सौतनिया
ये पास तेरे बैरन
हूँ दूर मैं सजनिया
बांसुरी तिहारी नन्दलाल
बनी मोरी सौतनिया
मोरी सौतनिया
मोरी सौतनिया
बांसुरी तिहारी नन्दलाल
बनी मोरी सौतनिया


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