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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Post by Arunkumar Deshmukh’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4002 Post No. : 15103 Movie Count :

4147

Today’s song is from film ‘Jeena Seekho’ (1946). The film was made by Prabhakar Pictures, Bombay, which belonged to Bhalji Pendharkar, the elder brother of Baburaao Pendharkar – the hero of this film. Pendharkar brothers were quite big names in Maharashtra for film making. In fact, the whole clan of Pendharkar was connected with other famous people from film line, like Master Vinayak and V.Shantaram. Let us see how.

Bhal ji Pendharkar (Bhalchandra Gopal Pendharkar) was the son of Dr.Gopal Pendharkar, the Royal Physician of Shahu Maharaj of Kolhapur state and his partner Radhabai. Dr. Gopal was already married to another lady. This couple gave birth to Bhalji and Baburao Pendharkar. Their mother Radhabai left Dr. Gopal Pendharkar and married Damodar Karnataki. They had two sons – Master Vinayak, the famous actor, director, producer and a studio owner (also father of Baby Nanda), and his brother Vasudev – who became a Cameraman. Kamalabai, the younger sister of Radhabai married Rajaram Vankudre and they had 2 sons – V.Shantaram, famous actor, director, producer and a studio owner and his brother V Avadhoot – equally famous cinematographer.

Thus all the stalwarts were related to each others and everyone of them made a name in the film industry – both Hindi and Marathi.

Baburao Pendharkar had an illustrious career in films. He worked in different capacities, acted in Marathi and Hindi films and even directed a Tamil film. As per the entry in The Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, by Rajadhyksha and Willeman,

Baburao Pendharkar (1896-1967) was a pioneer Marathi actor and producer born in Kolhapur. Actor-manager of Maharashtra Film (1919); then a manager in Prabhat (1929); manager and main star at Kolhapur Cinetone (1933) and for several years associated with Master Vinayak at Hans Pics (1936) and Navyug Chitrapat; then producer with Navhans (1943). Best-known work after the mid-40s was with V. Shantaram at Rajkamal Kalamandir, including the classic role of the Chinese general in ‘Dr Kotnis Ki Amar Kahani’ (1946), and with his brother, the director Bhalji Pendharkar. Noted actor as a villain in mythologicals (e.g. in Shantaram’s ‘Ayodhyecha Raja / Ayodhya Ka Raja’ (1932), Kans in Vasant Joglekar’s ‘Nand Kishore’ (1951), and Keechaka in Pethkar’s ‘Keechaka Vadha’ (1959)) and for character roles in socials by Atre (the crotchety grandfather in ‘Shyamchi Aai’ (1953); the title role in ‘Mahatma Phule’ (1954)). Directed Prabhat’s only major Tamil film, ‘Seeta Kalyanam’, a landmark in Tamil cinema. Also a noted stage actor. His autobiography (1961/1983) is also an important record of Marathi film history. From ‘Jalti Nishani’ (1932) to ‘Amrapali’ (1966), he worked in 69 films in all.

The music for the film Jeena Seekho was given by Pt. Hanuman Prasad (Sharma) aka HP Sharma. To my mind the name Hanuman creates an image of a Pehelwan (wrestler). When I was in school and college in the 50’s decade, there was a craze of wrestling shows all over India. Many big names like King Kong, Hercules, Phantom, The Masked Man, Zorawar Singh, Gama-Gunga and many other unspellable names from Europe and Middle East came to India to show their wrestling prowess to an excited gallery of thousands of people in big stadiums.

It was during this period, Dara Singh won many wrestling matches. He had a record of not losing a single match in his entire wrestling career. Then he entered films.  I saw a Dara singh and King Kong wrestling match in Fateh Maidan stadium in Hyderabad. Guru Hanuman’s akhada in the North India was very famous. I also remember that there was a woman wrestler named Hamida Banu and that she had defeated many male wrestlers.

However, this Hanuman Prasad was not a wrestler. He was actually a very soft spoken, good natured person. He was a multi faceted artiste. Besides giving music to 18 films, he had acted in a film ‘Aasuon Ki Duniya’ (1936); wrote lyrics in films – ‘Gaali’ (1944), ‘Rasilee’ (1946), ‘Jasoos’ (1947) and ‘Saudagar’ (1951); directed a film – ‘Rasilee’ (1944) and even sang a song in this film ! Apart from this, he was a qualified Kathak dancer. Due to his expertise in music, he was called Pt Hanuman Prasad and due to his excellence in dancing, he was called Ustad Hanuman Prasad !

He was born in 1920 at Sujangarh in Rajasthan . He attained proficiency in music and dance. He came to Bombay and started teaching dance and music in the music school run by Pt Gouri Shankar in Hindu colony, Dadar. One day he heard the singing of a young girl, who lived with her family in top floor of the same building as his. This you girl was Geeta Roy. Attracted by her voice he met her father Devendra Roy Chaudhuri and requested him to allow her to sing in his film. He gave her one line each in 4 songs, in the chorus. Only two of these are now available. Though she was uncredited, her voice is identifiable in those songs. The rest is history – as they say. Hanuman Prasad thus engraved his name forever in the history.

He has one more claim to fame(?). He was the first husband of yesteryear actress AMBU aka Lalita Pawar. She divorced him later and married GP Pawar. She divorced him also and finally married Gupta – a producer.

First time, he gave music in the film ‘Chowringhee’ (1942). In this film his co-MD was Kazi Nazrul Islam – Bengal’s revolutionary poet and writer. HP composed 11 songs, whereas Kazi Nazrul Islam composed and wrote 2 songs. HP was impressed with Sajjad Hussain, who was a struggler at that time. Sajjad’s mastery over a number of instruments mesmerised HP and he took Sajjad as his assistant. HP also gave a break to Sajjad Hussain in film ‘Gaali’ (1944), in which Sajjad composed 3 songs and HP composed 9 songs.

HP was an expert in classical music, which he used in ‘Draupadi’ (1944), a film made by Baburao Patel (of magazine Film India fame) for his wife Susheela Rani. She sang 9 solo songs in it. She had also acted in it. The film was a flop.

The films of HP were , ‘Chowringhee’ (1942), ‘Ismat’ (1944), ‘Gaali’ (1944), ‘Draupadi’ (1944), ‘Rasilee’ (1946), ‘Nai Maa’ (1946), ‘Jeena Seekho’ (1946), ‘Bhakta Prahlad’ (1946), ‘Jasoos’ (1947), ‘Middle Fail’ (1948), ‘Hip Hip Hurray’ (1948), ‘Jannat’ (1949), ‘Daulat’ (1949), ‘Chilman’ (1949), ‘Bhool Ka Shikar’ (1950), ‘Apni Chhaaya’ (1950), ‘Saudaagar’ (1951) and ‘Usha Kiron’ (1952).

HP’s music was outdated in the new decade. He realised it and gave up this line. He spent all his time in teaching dance and music to students. He was a Saibaba devotee. Hanuman Prasad died in 1972 in Bombay.
(Adapted from an article in book ‘Rahen na rahen hum’ by Shantaram Mankikar and ‘Yadon ki Baraat’ by Shirish Kanekar, with thanks).

Today’s song is sung by my favourite singer – Saraswati Rane (real name Sakina Bi aka Chhotu Tai). Born on 4-10-1916, she was the youngest daughter of legendary Maestro of Kirana Gharana, Ustad Kareem Khan and Tarabai Maane. Her siblings in music fields were Suresh Babu Maane (real name Abdul Rehman) and Hirabai Badodekar (real name Champakali). She was one of the finest ever singers in India. She cut more than 200 records of classical singing. She won many awards too.

As per HFGK, her name appears for 26 songs in 11 films. However, she sang many more film songs, for which her name does not appear in HFGK, for whatever reasons. An example is today’s song, which is not credited in HFGK to anyone. It is thanks to the uploader, music expert and reputed collector Shri Girdharilal Vishwakarma ji (of Jodhpur), who provided the names of singer and the lyricist (Veer Mohammed Puri – what a strange name !). Singer Saraswati Rane died on 10-10-2006. She was the last of the children of Ustad Kareem Khan. I have not repeated her bio data as it was already given in 2015, in my write up for the song “Uhoon Uhoom Shikaar Na Khel“.

When you listen to this song, you will realise how an ordinary tune and music sounds sweet and melodious with Saraswati Rane’s singing. With this song, the film ‘Jeena Seekho’ of 1946 makes its debut on the blog.

 

Song – Sansaar Banaane Waale, Aisa Sansaar Bana De Re (Jeena Seekho) (1946) Singer – Saraswati Rane, Lyrics – Veer Mohammed Puri, MD – Hanuman Prasad

Lyrics

sansaar banaane waale
sansaar banaane waale
aisa sansaar bana de
bana de
bana de re
sansaar banaane waale
sansaar banaane waale
aisa sansaar bana de
bana de
bana de re

ik prem bhari duniya ho
ik prem bhari duniya ho
ik hulka phulka mann ho
ik hulka phulka mann ho
armaanon mein jeevan ho
armaanon mein jeevan ho
halka sa
halka sa ?? ?? ho
halka sa ?? ?? ho
main hoon mera saajan ho
main hoon mera saajan ho
aur gaada sa bandhan ho
us bandhan ke dhaagon mein
pyaara sa pyaar bana de
bana de
bana de re
sansaar banaane waale

mann saajan ki godi mein
mann saajan ki godi mein
aasha ?? ?? jagi ho..oo..oo
oo..oo..oo
meethe meethe
meethe swar mein
meethe meethe
meethe swar mein
sukh ki veena bajti ho..oo..oo
sukh ki veena bajti ho..oo..oo
duniya ho
duniya ho kar matwaali
duniya ho kar matwaali
preetam preetam bhajti ho
preetam preetam bhajti ho
us veena ke taaron mein
us veena ke taaron mein
aisi ?? bana de
bana de
bana de re
sansaar banaane waale
aisa sansaar bana de
bana de
bana de re
sansaar banaane waale

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

संसार बनाने वाले
संसार बनाने वाले
ऐसा संसार बना दे
बना दे
बना दे re
संसार बनाने वाले
संसार बनाने वाले
ऐसा संसार बना दे
बना दे
बना दे re

इक प्रेम भरी दुनिया हो
इक प्रेम भरी दुनिया हो
इक हल्का फुल्का मन हो
इक हल्का फुल्का मन हो
अरमानों में जीवन हो
अरमानों में जीवन हो
हल्का सा
हल्का सा ?? ?? हो
हल्का सा ?? ?? हो
मैं हूँ मेरा साजन हो
मैं हूँ मेरा साजन हो
और गाढ़ा से बंधन हो
उस बंधन के धागों में
प्यारा सा प्यार बना दे
बना दे
बना दे रे
संसार बनाने वाले

मन साजन की गोदी में
मन साजन की गोदी में
आशा ?? ?? जगी हो॰॰ओ॰॰ओ
ओ॰॰ओ॰॰ओ
मीठे मीठे
मीठे स्वर में
मीठे मीठे
मीठे स्वर में
सुख की वीणा बजती हो॰॰ओ॰॰ओ
सुख की वीणा बजती हो॰॰ओ॰॰ओ
दुनिया हो
दुनिया होकर मतवाली
दुनिया होकर मतवाली
प्रीतम प्रीतम भजती हो
प्रीतम प्रीतम भजती हो
उस वीणा के तारों में
ऐसी ?? बना दे
बना दे
बना दे रे
संसार बनाने वाले
ऐसा संसार बना दे
बना दे
बना दे re
संसार बनाने वाले

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3999 Post No. : 15096 Movie Count :

4144

Today’s song is from an obscure film – ‘Jeb Katra’ aka ‘Pick Pocket’ aka ‘Girahkat’. The film may be obscure, but the song is extremely melodious and it is a pleasure to listen to such a song. I have liked it very much. The film was produced by actress-singer Brijmala’s home production Brij Prakash Productions. Looking at the cast of film and its director, it seems to be a stunt film. It was advertised as a Social Stunt film – whatever that means. To me it was like saying ‘a religious murder mystery film’ !

I have seen this film’s advertisements in the Jan and Feb 1946 issues of magazine Film India. In the Jan issue the lyricist is given as Shams Lucknowi and the composer as Bashir Khan Dehalvi. Next month – Feb – the ad says the lyricist is Ahsan Rizvi and MD is Nisar Bazmi.

The cast of the film was Navin Yagnik, Raj Rani, Samson, Ali, Radha, Habib, Sandow etc. The role of the ‘Pick Pocket’ was done by Samson, as mentioned on a photo of the film. The film was directed by Nari Ghadiyali- a veteran of C grade stunt films. Nari (Nariman) was a Parsee.

From the silent film era, Parsee community has been involved in film industry in different ways. In about every department of film making, there has been a Parsee, sometime somewhere. Parsee community is a very small entity. They never, even at their best times, exceeded a population of 3 lakhs in entire India. This is the only community which is truly a Minority community with just about 70000 people in entire India now. They have never ever asked for any reservation from the government. Parsees have significantly contributed to India’s industrial growth. Parsee greats like Tata, Godrej and Wadias have been extremely philanthropic too.

Parsees are mainly seen in Bombay and so it was no wonder that they joined the film industry, but a Parsee in Bengal has been a Pioneer in Cinema in the eastern India. JF Madon (1856 to 1923) had a roaring Parsee Theatre business in Bombay, but he shifted to Calcutta in 1902 and built an empire of Theatres and Cinema making. At one time the Madons had control on 127 Theatres in India. They made silent and talkie films in Bangla and Hindi. After his death, his third son JJ Madon took over. However, they closed their film business in 1937 and concentrated on their other interests like, imports, foods, pharma, insurance and real estate.

In Bombay, who can forget the contribution of Ardeshir Irani in starting the Talkie era with his ‘Alam Ara’ in 1931 ? In the early era, many Parsees contributed to Hindi cinema like Homi Master, Sohrab Modi, Sarswati Devi, JBH and Homi Wadia, John Cawas etc. In later period, the Irani sisters (Honey, Daisy and Manaka), Aruna Irani, Shammi, Fali Mistry and many others contributed. Earlier, in the field of direction, there were two well known names- Aspi (Aspinder) Irani and Nari (Nariman) Ghadiyali. Aspy Irani had married actress Husn Banu and Nari Ghadiyali had married actress Pramila. Both worked for stunt films made by another Parsee group – Wadia Brothers. Today’s film is also directed by Nari Ghadiyali. He directed 25 films, starting with ‘Jungle King’ (1939) to ‘Murad’ (1961).

The hero of film ‘Jeb Katra’ was Navin Yagnik, who was frequently seen in  C grade action/stunt films. Such films were made with tight budgets by small producers and hence the actors did not earn much money. To earn more money, their endeavour used to be to get roles in social films or films of other genres, especially made by well known production houses. Their payments were much better and also timely. Thus Navin also worked in some social films made by big banners.

As such stunt films declined in the latter half of the 50s, compared to 30s and 40s, as many producers like the Wadias, Mohan Pictures etc. shifted their focus to social films. Similarly major stunt film actors like Master Vithal, Master Bhagwan, Baburao Pehelwan, Azim Bhai etc. started getting roles in social films. Recently, I found a reference to Navin Yagnik in the autobiography of Hansa Wadkar- ‘Sangte Aika’ (‘सांगते ऐका’)  roughly translated as ‘Listen, I tell you’. In it she said. . . “My hero in this film was one Navin Yagnik, a handsome boy from UP. He was very shy and after the shootings, he would quietly sit in one corner reading something. He never joined our drink parties, nor he participated in any other group activity. I was attracted towards him but he gave no response. He sent me invitation card of his marriage, when it was fixed.’  Navin Yagnik (3-10-1912 to 28-10-1977) worked only in 30 films from film ‘The Mill’ (1934) to ‘Bhagwat Mahima’ (1955).

The MD for film ‘Jeb Katra’ was Nisar Bazmi. He was one of those musicians who migrated to Pakistan much later after the partition. There is a general perception among Indians that all those who migrated to Pakistan had a tough time there and they died in poverty. While this is true in cases of many actors and actresses, the converse is true about music composers.

Music directors who were worthless, unknown and unsuccessful, who gave music to obscure of B and C grade films here, in India, prospered very well in Pakistan. Composers like GA Chishti, Nisar Bazmi, Firoz Nizami, Tufail Faruqui, Rashid Atre, Inaayat Hussain, Fateh Ali Khan, Inaayat Nath, Khursheed Anwar were not very famous or popular in India, but in Pakistan almost every musician from India became famous, popular and successful. For example, Nisar Bazmi gave music to 40 films (only 27 released) in India. They were mostly C grade films and most songs were forgotten here. Same person, in Pakistan gave music to almost 60 films, won several awards and became famous and successful. How this happened ? What is the mystery ?

To understand this we must know what happened in Pakistan after partition and how was their film and music industry. According to an article in Wiki, since 1947, Pakistan film and music industry underwent several changes. It is worth repeating here. The period is divided as following,

‘Due to shortage of composers, all were welcomed with open arms. Those who had talents did extremely well here. Unfortunately the second generation of composers of calibre were not prepared and once these migrants disappeared from the scene, the musical fields of Pakistan dried up. According to  Wiki, there are 7 ages in Pakistan film music –

  1. Independence and growth – 1947-1958
  2. The Golden Age of Pak Film Music –  1959 – 1977
  3. The Age of Disaster – 1977 – 1988 (Onslaught of VCR and brain drain to Bangladesh in 1971)
  4. Politics, Islamisation and Downfall – 1979 – 1987
  5. Collapse – 1988 – 2002
  6. Decline – 2002 – 2009
  7. New Wave and Hope – 2010 onwards’

Anyway, Nisar Bazmi migrated to Pakistan during the Golden Age period and got all the benefits. Let us see what happened to Nisar Bazmi in Pakistan. His last film in India was ‘Mister Toofan’, released in 1963. Nisar migrated to Pakistan in 1962. Producer Sibtain Fazli of Fazli brothers offered him first film ‘Aisa Bhi Hota Hai’. The music of this film became hit and very popular and there was no looking back for Nisar Bazmi. He gave music to 57 Pak films. He won Nigar Awards 7 times and also won ‘Pride of Performance’ award from the President.

His last film was in 1981. He came back to Karachi and started teaching aspiring singers, but only one of them became a famous singer. He regretted that the younger generation looked for quick money and did not put hard work. None of his 8 sons loved music. They all followed different avocations. In his later life he was famous for learning Quran by heart.

Bazmi sahib taught music to up-and-coming youngsters, but only Faisal Latif managed to become somewhat popular. When asked why his students like Shafiq-ur-Rehman, Tanveer Afridi, Shabana and Shazia Kausar are unable to reach the top, he said, “My job was to train them, which I did. Now it is up to the musicians to utilize them as I am sure they have the talent to be the best.” When asked if the youth (of Pakistan) are going in the right direction, Bazmi Sb felt that it was because of our youths’ lack of interest that our music is not what it used to be. “A youngster today doesn’t want to be taught like the legendary singers. His only interest is to become rich and famous in a short time, which is certainly the wrong way.”

Nisar Bazmi died on 22-3-2007 at Karachi.

Today’s song from film ‘Jeb Katra’ is an exceptionally melodious song comparable to any leading composer’s song in India. With such tunes in his repertoire, I wonder why Nisar bazmi could not gain fame here itself. Usually when the film is a failure, the music of that film does not reach more audience and hence does not get exposure to become popular. Of course there are songs which became popular from flop films also. After all, it is a matter of luck only.

Song – Chaandni Raaten Kya Huin (Jeb Katra) (1946) Singer – Zohrabai Ambaalewali, Lyrics – Ahsaan Rizvi, MD – Nisar Bazmi

Lyrics

chaandni raaten
haaye
chaandni raaten kya huin
sukh ke wo din guzar gaye
chaandni raaten
haaye
chaandni raaten
jee bhar ke hum hanse naache
jee bhar ke hum hanse naache
aankhon mein aansoo bhar gaye
chaandni raaten
haaye
chaandni raaten

aisi buri hawa chali
aisi buri hawa chali
murjha gaye chaman ke phool
aisi buri hawa chali
aisi buri hawa chali
murjha gaye chaman ke phool
hasraten dil ki mit gayin
hasraten dil ki mit gayin
armaan saare mar gaye
chaandni raaten
haaye
chaandni raaten

doobhar hui hai zindagi
doobhar hui hai zindagi
marna bhi ho gaya kathin
doobhar hui hai zindagi
doobhar hui hai zindagi
marna bhi ho gaya kathin
doobne hum jahaan gaye
doobne hum jahaan gaye
dariya wahaan utar gaye
chaandni raaten
haaye
chaandni raaten

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

चाँदनी रातें
हाए
चाँदनी रातें क्या हुईं
सुख के वो दिन गुज़र गए
चाँदनी रातें
हाए
चाँदनी रातें
जी भर के हम हँसे नाचे
जी भर के हम हँसे नाचे
आँखों में आँसू भर गए
चाँदनी रातें
हाए
चाँदनी रातें

ऐसी बुरी हवा चली
ऐसी बुरी हवा चली
मुरझा गए चमन के फूल
ऐसी बुरी हवा चली
ऐसी बुरी हवा चली
मुरझा गए चमन के फूल
हसरतें दिल की मिट गईं
हसरतें दिल की मिट गईं
अरमां सारे मर गए
चाँदनी रातें
हाए
चाँदनी रातें

दूभर हुई है ज़िंदगी
दूभर हुई है ज़िंदगी
मरना भी हो गया कठिन
दूभर हुई है ज़िंदगी
दूभर हुई है ज़िंदगी
मरना भी हो गया कठिन
डूबने हम जहां गए
डूबने हम जहां गए
दरिया वहाँ उतर गए
चाँदनी रातें
हाए
चाँदनी रातें


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3995 Post No. : 15089

There will hardly be a person who has not seen film Mughal E Azam or heard about it. The film was famous and the man who made it – K.Asif – became known to all because of this film. However, K.Asif was not a prolific film maker. In reality, K.Asif (14-6-1922 to 9-3-1971) directed only two and half films. His first film was Phool-45, second was Mughal E Azam-60 and his last attempt was the unfinished film Love and God ( aka Kaiz and Laila)-1986. This film was released as an unfinished film by his kins on 27-5-1986, 15 years after K.Asif died. Asif had produced a film, ‘Hulchul-51’, but he did not direct it.

K.Asif first conceived the film Mughal E Azam in 1944, after reading a play on Emperor Akbar (1556-1605). The film changed its story, MD, cast etc, several times, from what was planned originally and subsequently, but the director remained the same – K.Asif. However, he made another film, Phool in 1945, in normal period of making a film. Asif was an extraordinary person. He was fond of dreaming big and doing it big. Accordingly, even in his first film Phool-45, he took 14 famous stars of those times in his film. By far, it must have been a true Multi-Star film in those days.

The cast of the film almost ran like a list of leading stars. It consisted of Veena, Sitara, Suraiya, Prithwiraj kapoor, Yaqub, Wasti, Mazhar, Ashraf khan, Durga Khote, Majid, M.Ismail, Dikshit, Agha, Jillobai etc etc. The film was produced by K.Abdulla, screenplay was by Kamaal Amrohi and the music by Ghulam Haider. The film was made under the banner of Famous Films, Bombay.

Today’s song is from film Phool-45.

During the decade of the 40s, the struggle for India’s Independence had also heated up. As England was engaged in the second world war, it was thought to be the right time to increase pressure on them, so that after the war, India could get its Independence. By those times, it was very well known that there would be a Partition and a Muslim nation ” Pakistan” would be created by dividing India.

With this background suddenly, making films on Muslim life and culture gained momentum. From 1940 to 1947 as many as 19 films on Muslim culture were made. They were, Paak daman-40, Qaidi-40, Muslim ka laal-41, Masoom-41, Bulbul E Baghdad-41, Fashio-43, Najma-43, Salma-43, Bade Nawab Sahab-44, Bhaijaan-44, Ismat-44, Phool-45, Humayun-13, Rehana-46, Dil-46, Arab ka Sitara-46, Alibaba-46, Shalimar-46, and Mulaqat-47.

Actress Veena was the Heroine in film Phool-45. How she came into films is an interesting story. Veena was born as Tajwar Sultana, on 4-7-1926, at Quetta in Baluchistan (now in Pakistan). Her father was in Railways, so he was transferred many times and her education was done at various places, including Delhi. After her Matriculation, she was sent to a women’s college, with Hostel, in Amritsar. In those days, her brother Shehzada Iftekhar was an assistant Cameraman at Northern India Studios, Lahore. This studio advertised for a Heroine, for their new Punjabi film ” Gawandi “.

A Bangali lecturer from Veena’s college had applied. A few days later, a team (including her brother) from Lahore came to interview her, but she was rejected as she did not know Punjabi well enough. Veena was very keen to apply, but her brother warned her about the family resistance. She prodded him to give her photo to the visitors. Seeing her photo, she was called to Lahore for screen Test. All this was without letting the family know.

One Saturday, Veena left for Lahore. Next day she gave the screen test, mouthing dialogues written by Wali Saheb. She was selected and offered the role. One of the producers- Sheth Kishorilal, suggested to change her name for the screen as Veena ( it was his daughter’s name) and she became Veena.

She completed film ‘Gawandi-42’, opposite Hero Shyam, in just one month and in the next one month, she did another film ‘ Ravi Paar-42’, opposite Hero S.D.Narang. All this was without family’s knowledge, but she was aware of the impending storm. She returned to college. News about her film work had already reached the college. She was thrown out of the college and the hostel for this.

When she returned home, as expected there was a great scene. She was scolded and locked in a room. Her family wanted to get her married, which she vehemently opposed. Her family went to the producers and demanded that the films be destroyed. Of course, this was was not accepted. Meanwhile, Veena had received film offers from Mazhar Khan, Mehboob, Bombay Talkies and Rajneet. She left her house with brother and reached Bombay. Mazhar khan paid her Rs.2000 per month with a Bungalow and a Car. She did her first Hindi film ” Yaad “-42. Then came Najma-43 from Mehboob, Rajputani-44 from Ranjit etc etc. She earned One lakh rupees per film.

Veena did about 100 Hindi films in her career, till she retired in 1983. Even after her husband, Al Nasir’s death in 1957, she continued to stay and work in India with her children. Veena died on 14-11-2004. ( adapted from her interview in Shama, November 1981. Thanks to book ” ye un dinon ki baat hai” by Yasir Abbasi).

Film Phool-45 was written by Kamaal Amrohi. It was a story of lasting love, bravery and faithfulness. The film was released in Roxy Theatre in Bombay and it became a hit. There were good reviews in media and even Baburao Patel of Film India appreciated the director K.Asif’s work. However, the music of Ghulam Haider was criticised. None of the songs became very popular.

The story of film Phool-45 revolved around two families. Safdar and Akhtar are brothers. Religious minded Safdar has a beautiful daughter Shama (Veena). Together they want to build a Mosque. Lazy brother Akhtar and his arrogant wife have two sons-Zahid and Sharif. They want that Shama should marry useless Zahid. Shama is in love with Dr. Saleem who is Akhtar’s nephew. Saleem (Prithwiraj) has a Hindu sister- Rekha (Suraiya), who was an orphan.

On the day of marriage of Saleem and Shama, Dr. Saleem has to leave on duty abroad. Shama’s father Safdar dies with this shock. Shama and Rekha become very close friends. Dr. Saleem is lured by dancer Laila (Sitara), but he declines. Laila uses a medicine, by which Saleem loses his memory.Now he joins Laila’s troupe and they visit many cities.

Once they arrive in a city, where Shama lives. On information from people about Saleem, she goes to meet him, but he does not recognise her due to loss of memory. Next day Saleem falls from the stage accidentally and his memory comes back. He leaves Laila and comes back to Shama. Saleem and Shama get united. The evil son Zahid is killed by lightening. All is well that ends well. ( adapted from the book,” Forgotten movies on Muslim Culture 1933-1947, by Kamlakar Pasupuleti.)

Let us now listen to the chorus song. Lyricist’s name is not given in HFGK. Since the story, screenplay and dialogues are by Kamaal Amrohi, like the uploader-Sadanand Kamath ji, I too feel he must be the Lyricist also.


Song-Gori kar le ham se pyaar (Phool)(1945) MD-Ghulam Haider

Lyrics

Gori kar le
Gori kar le ham se pyaar
ho baalam ghar jaana aa
Gori kar le
Gori kar le ham se pyaar
ho baalam ghar jaana
arararaarar
baalam se jab aankhen ho jaayen chaar
hamko bhool na jaana
hamko bhool na jaana
Gori kar le
Gori kar le ham se pyaar
ho baalam ghar jaana aa
Gori kar le
Gori kar le ham se pyaar

nainanwa mein neend lagi hai
man mein uthhe tarang
haan chori chori manwa khele
baalamwa ke sang
gori zara hamse bolo
haan haan zara ghoonghat kholo
gori zara hamse bolo
haan haan zara ghoonghat kholo

man ki beena baaj rahi hai
goonj uthhe sab taar
chauraahe par khadi jawaani
arararara
le phoolon ke haar
hamko bhool na jaana
hamko bhool na jaana
Gori kar le
Gori kar le ham se pyaar
ho baalam ghar jaana aa
Gori kar le
Gori kar le ham se pyaar

raat suhaani bhari jawaani
masti ki rut aayi
haan chanda se mukhde par kaahe
ghor badariya chhaayi
gori zara hamse bolo
haan haan zara ghoonghat kholo
gori zara hamse bolo
haan haan zara ghoonghat kholo

roopnagar ki raani aayi
kar solah singaar
ang ang se joban barse
ararararara
nainan barse pyaar
hamko bhool na jaana
hamko bhool na jaana
Gori kar le
Gori kar le ham se pyaar
ho baalam ghar jaana
Gori kar le
Gori kar le ham se pyaar


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3994 Post No. : 15087

Today’s song is from film Naiya-1947. This social film was made by Mohan Pictures of Ramniklal Shah, which normally made C grade stunt films. The director was Aslam Noori and the music was by Anil Biswas. The cast of the film included Mazhar khan, Munawar Sultana, Ashraf khan, Anwar, Shehzadi, Suman, Balakram, Siraz etc etc. The film had 6 songs listed in HFGK, with record numbers. However it also indicates that there could be 3 more songs, about which no information is available. Lyricist’s name is not mentioned in HFGK,but I find that moviepedia.in mentions name of Aslam Noori – the director as its Lyricist also.

Though 1947 was an year of turmoil due to Partition, it is in this year that a Record production of films was registered, with 181 Hindi films in 1947 alone. This record took another 47 years to get broken, when in 1988, as many as 185 Hindi films were made.( ref: Film Index by Harmandir ji ).

It was also that due to Partition, many Muslim composers like G A Chishti aka Babaji, Ghulam Haider, Firoz Nizami, Rafiq Ghaznavi etc. shifted their base to the new country Pakistan. Some of them continued to visit India and do films, for few more years, on and off. Lyricists like Wahzad Lucknowi and Tanvir Naqvi etc, Singers like Nurjehan, Khurshid, and some actors and actresses too migrated to Pakistan. However, their void was filled up, when younger and talented second line of artistes took over and India did not suffer much.

MDs like Sardar Malik and Ramprasad made their debut, as did lyricists Shakeel Badayuni and Rajendra Krishna in 1947. Asha ( in a chorus), M S Subbulaxmi also debuted this year. Films Jugnu, Do Bhai, Dard and Shehnai saw lasting music getting created in them.

The film industry got a shock in early 1947 with Saigal’s death. Alongwith movies with memorable music, we also had Films like Naiya, whose songs failed to make their mark. The movie “Naiyya” came and went almost unnoticed at the box office.

Artistes leaving one country and migrating to another can be understood, because they continue same work in the new place too. But ever thought what must artistes, who retire or leave films, be doing in their after – life ? One day this question came to my mind and I started thinking. The simple answer was that if it was a woman, she would look after her family and be a housewife, and if it was a man, either he would spend life as a retired person or die in penury. I decided to find out if there was any other way people did spend their balance life.
I found at least 4 cases where people who left this industry midway, did something unusual.

The first case is that of an actor called SHASHI KAPOOR. No-No, he is not that Shashi Kapoor, who was famous actor of the 60s and 70s, who acted in films like Deewar, Dharmaputra, Trishul and many films with Nanda and Sharmila and who was the younger brother of Raj kapoor and Shammi Kapoor.

This actor’s name was Shashi chand F. Kapoor. He acted in the 40s and 50s mainly as a child actor. He acted in 21 films in all. His last film was Bhagwat Mahima-1955. He left films, though in demand and pursued studies. He did B.Sc, M.Sc, LL.B. and taught in Wilson and Kirti colleges, Bombay, and also did work in S.B.I. Then he went to USA for further studies, did his Ph.D. from Michigan University. He worked as faculty member of Michigan University from 1967 to 1998. Then he retired and remained in USA. Sometime back, he gave interviews on Cineplot and Maitri Manthan sites.

The second case is of a Music Director-Mukund Rai Trivedi, who was one of the RAI-FRANK jodi of composers. They together gave music to film GOGOLA-1964. Mukund Rai soon realised that his choice of career was wrong and he left. He joined his family business of Mining in Balaghat-MP and became a very rich and powerful person.

The third case is of ARJUN BAKSHI who was Hero of Malhar-51. He acted in some more films, then wrote screenplays and then left films. He shifted to Canada and opened a Music Shop.

The fourth case is very strange !

ASHRAF KHAN was an actor and singer in many films in the period of 30s to 50s. He left films ……..and became……..believe it or not…..a SUFI SAINT !

I had first time written a short note about him somewhere 7 years ago…in 2012 or so. Here is his information again, but in a different format with some more information collected later on. My friend shri Kamlakar Pasupuleti ji had done lot of research on this actor. It was from his Blog, I first learnt the details about Ashraf Khan.

Ashraf Khan shot to limelight with film Baghban – 1938 . He played the role of a mendicant and rendered three lovely songs composed by Music Director Mushtaq Husain . Ro ro nain gavanvun ,sajanva aan milo was the most popular song among the three songs he rendered. The movie was a great hit and all the nine songs in the movie were popular. The movie was directed by AR Kardar. The lyrics were penned by the comedian Mirza Musharraf. He was paid Rs 90 / – for the nine songs he wrote for the movie. It is important to know how Ashraf Khan progressed in his life and attained the spiritual powers with which he helped millions of people across the globe .

Ashraf Khan was born in Indore in 1901. He lost his father at a young age of seven. The burden of taking care of his widowed mother and a young sister fell on his shoulder . Indore was a famous city for wrestling and the wrestling competitions were held for all ages including children. He took up wrestling as a profession for some time . He later became a Shepard boy and guarded the sheep .

He had a good voice and used to sing while taking the sheep in and out of the city. One evening while returning home from the outskirts he started singing loudly. A Gujarati drama company was stationed in a near by bungalow. The owner of the drama company heard his song and he was called inside. The owner asked the boy if he is willing to work for the drama company. The boy replied Yes. There upon the owner asked him if he can play the role of a girl. The boy daringly replied No, will play the role of a boy . The owner was impressed and he got into the Gujarati drama company.

He started playing small roles and as he grew up was given the role of a hero . His salary increased gradually and by the time he was playing hero roles he was paid Rs 600 / per month. He used to give away his entire earnings to his mother. His mother used to give him four annas a day as his allowance as he had the habit of eating Paan( betal leaf ), but Ashraf Khan used to return back the four annas to his mother in the evening.

Ashraf Khan’s mother tongue was Urdu and Pushtu but he learnt to speak Gujarati with ease and he rendered his dialogues fluently. He gave record breaking performances in Malopati Manjh ( Prithvi Vallabh ). He played the role of a hero Prithvi Vallabh in three thousand shows. Prithvi Raj Chauhan was another stage performance in which he played the hero role of Prithviraj Chauhan in two thousand shows. Ashraf Khan was associated with the Gujarati stage even after joining the films .

With the advent of talkie he moved over to Bombay in 1931. His first film was Shakuntala-31 ( made in Bombay.There was another film Shakuntala made same year in Calcutta by Madon Theatres) With his experience in stage he was hired for three movies Bhartruhari, Gul-e-Bakavali and Veer Kunal. He played the role of a hero initially and later in life played character roles. He acted in more then two dozen movies. Mehboob Khan portrayed him as a mad professor in his famous film Roti – 1942. It was during the filming of Roti that he came in contact with Peer-o-Murshid ( Spiritual Guide) Ghulam Sarvar. Ghulam Sarvar belonged to Lahore and was employed in railways as a guard. He had many followers in Bombay. Ashraf Khan’s devotion towards his spiritual guide was so great that when ever he visited Bombay he used to carry his luggage on his head and escort him home .

Large crowds used to gather to meet Peer-o-Murshid Ghulam Sarvar in the 1940’s and among the film personalities the notable were A R Kardar, Mehboob Khan, Yaqub, Prithviraj Kapoor , Trilok Kapoor, Sardar Akhtar, Akhtari Faizabadi, Jaddan Bai etc etc to name a few. Akhtari Faizabadi and Jaddan Bai used to sing devotional songs during the assembly .

Taking care of the visitors foot ware was the first duty assigned to him by his Peer and Ashraf Khan never thought it was a menial job He knew that the peer is shedding his ego by assigning such tasks. Peer-o-Murshid Ghulam Sarvar was so pleased with his devotion that he handed over his Gaddi ( seat ) to Ashraf Khan. Ashraf Khan became a Peer .

His association with the Gujarati stage lasted till his end. In 1962 after his last stage show at Dharoji in Gujarat he returned to the Durgah where he was stationed with his family . It was the ninth day of the Gyarhvi Sharief ( the eleventh month of Islamic calender ). He lied down on his bed and spoke few words to his wife and fell unconscious, but his lips started moving as if he is narrating verses from Ayat Sherief. This situation continued the whole of that night and the next day. His wife , family members and devotees remained at his bed side reading verses from Ayat Sherief He opened his eyes in the evening. His devotees asked him how he was and he replied that where ever he is, he is doing well .

He was brought to the hospital at Rajkot in this condition. Ashraf Khan passed away at eleven PM on the eleventh day of the Gyarhvi Sherief, the eleventh month of Islamic calendar. His mortal remains were brought for funeral to the residence of Dr Malik who was a friend and a devotee. His devotees were chanting holy verses from Ayat Sherief and Darood Sherief . Around 4 O’ clock in the morning he opened his eyes once again, looked all around him with a smile and closed his eyes. This was a surprising moment for all those who were present around him. A dead man opening his eyes and smiling was some thing strange. The crowd shouted Hazrat is alive, Hazrat is alive, call the doctor. There are several people alive today who witnessed this strange incidence. Dr Malik examined him and pronounced him dead. He was buried at a place which is located on the highway . The Urs is celebrated every year and lakhs of devotees all across the globe visit his Mazaar ( Tomb ).

There are hundreds of families in Hyderabad whose vows were fulfilled by the spiritual powers of Hazrat Ashraf Khan. Each family has a different story to narrate. Many sickly people got cured, many got rid of financial troubles, rivals became friends, many women became mothers after best efforts by doctors failed .

Amirbai Karnataki rendered a couple of devotional songs in his praise. Some disc collectors of Hyderabad had them in their collection .

Ashraf Khan acted in 30 films in all. Some of his films were- Aaiye 1949, Phool 1945, Roti 1942, Baghban 1938, Ajamil 1934, Roop Basant 1933, Malati Madhav 1933, Husn Ka Gulam 1933, Veer Kunal 1932, Gul-e-Bakavali 1932, Bhartruhari 1932. He sang 59 songs in 14 films. Some of songs rendered by Ashraf Khan were in movies …..Baagbaan 1938, Baaghi 1939, Aazaadi-E-Vatan 1940, Roti 1942, Pagli Duniya 1944 and Naiya-1947. His last film was Arab ka sitara-1961.

Noted Record Historian, and President of S.I.R.C., Dr. Suresh Chandvankar also wrote about Ashraf Khan in his book in Marathi ” पूर्वसूरींचे सूर “. He says that after the death of his parents, Ashraf khan was looked after by his father’s Hindu friend Baburao. He learnt Gujarati so well that people thought that he was a Gujarati. He entered Gujarati stage. Due to his good singing, in later period he was called Saigal of Gujarat. In 1960, he was felicitated by the President of India. In Bombay he had a bungalow in Girgaon. From 1950 onwards, he inclined towards Sufism, while still working on stage and films.

After his death, his Darga is set up at Dana Limdi, on the Bombay-Gujarat highway, where every year an Urs is held and lakhs of visitors come.

Truly, reality is stranger than fiction, indeed !

Another interesting name in the list of the cast of film Naiya-47 is that of Shiraj or Master Shiraj. He was one of the most popular and very famous Hero in the silent era. Like many others, when the Talkie era began, he too was relegated to the background and with great difficulty could get character roles in films. His first Talkie film was Mast Faqir-1934. He sang one song each in 2 films- Baghdad ka chor-34 and Chalta Purja-34. He continued doing roles in films.

During his good times, he had learnt the art of Massaging, as a Hobby and this became his last straw for survival. When film roles were not available, he used to roam about with his kit and do Massaging to earn a living. After doing about 26 films, till Naiya-47, he stopped getting credited in the cast. Now he worked as an extra.

He was last seen in film Guddi-1971- doing massage to Omprakash in one scene. In that film, Dharmendra tells Jaya Bhaduri (Guddi) that Master Shiraj was a star in silent film era. Director Hrishikesh Mukherjee ensured that Shiraj got his name in the film credits of Guddi-71.

Master Shiraj was just one of those unfortunate film artistes who spent their end-time in a very pathetic manner. Some other examples are- actor/singer Parshuram died on road as a beggar, Singer Vatsala Kumthekar died on road as a mad beggar,Wasti was seen begging near Liberty cinema and Rattanbai was seen begging near Haji Ali. There are many more such stories. The world of films is the most unpredictable and unless the artiste is wise to secure his future, there is no light at the end of the tunnel !

Today’s song from film Naiya-47 is a typical old time style song. Nothing special about the song, but the singer was special.


Song-Siyaram ram Siyaram(Naiyya)(1947) Singer- Ashraf Khan, Lyricist- Safdar Aah Sitapuri, MD- Anil Biswas
Chorus

Lyrics

Siyaram ram siyaram ram
Siyaram ram siyaram ram
Siyaram ram siyaram

Pran ka panchhi ud gayo raam
tan ka pinjra soona soona aa
Pran ka panchhi ud gayo raam
tan ka pinjra soona soona
Siyaram ram siyaram ram
Siyaram ram siyaram ram
Siyaram ram siyaram

janam janam ki sangi saansen aen
pawan pawan mein mil gayi jaan
Siyaram ram
siyaram

janam janam ki sangi saansen aen
pawan pawan mein mil gayi jaan
Siyaram ram
siyaram

tod ke naata maat pita khud
chita maan chola rakh diya aaj
Siyaram ram
Siyaram

raamnaam chhut kahu na apna
raam
siyaram
raamnaam chhut kahu na apna
sumran kar man raam ka naam
tan ka pinjra soona soona
pran ka panchhi ud gayo raam
tan ka pinjra soona soona
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram

mahal domahle sona chaandi ee
raaj paat jag ka sukh chain aen
mahal domahle sona chaandi ee
raaj paat jag ka sukh chain
jaise sapna dekh rahe thhe ae
aankh jo moondi khul gaye nain
Siyaram ram Siyaram
jaise sapna dekh rahe thhe ae
aankh jo moondi khul gaye nain
Siyaram ram Siyaram

kaunn bharam maan phansa thha man re
kaunn bharam maan aan
kaunn bharam maan phansa thha man re
aise bharam ko sau parnaam
tan ka pinjra soona soona
pran ka panchhi ud gayo raam
tan ka pinjra soona soona
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram

Siyaram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3990 Post No. : 15082

Today’s song is from film ‘Kashmir’ (1951).

More than 3 years ago I had discussed one song from this film. That time I had said this, which is true even today.

In Hindi films, there were quite a few films made on the background of Kashmir. The first such film was ‘Kashmir Ki Kali’ (1940), in which the lead pair was handsome Master Vithal and petite, lovely Kavita Devi. Next was ‘Kashmir Hamara Hai’ (1950) (original name was ‘Bapoo Ne Kaha Tha’) with lead pair of Paresh Bannerjee and Meera Mishra. This was also the first Hindi film of Bombay, in which Jagmohan Sursagar sang a song – Rang De Kesariya’. The third film was ‘Kashmir’ (1951), where the lead pair was beautiful, regal Veena and handsome Al Nasir. This film was actually filmed in Kashmir ghati.

Next film was ‘Kashmir Ki Kali’ (1964), by far the most successful of all Kashmir films so far. The lead pair was debonaire Shammi Kapoor and a debutante Sharmila Tagore. There was also a documentary ‘Kashmir Hamara Hai’ made by Films Division of Indian Government in 1948 which was shown in all theatres in India, in the wake of tribal attacks by Pakistan on Kashmir. Later on some more films on Kashmir were made – (the list is indicative, not exhaustive)

  • Johar in Kashmir (1966)
  • Shayar-E-Kashmir (1972)
  • Love in Kashmir (1976)
  • Mission Kashmir (2000)
  • Kashmir Hamara Hai (2001) ( Unreleased, though Censored on 17-10-2001)
  • Border Kashmir (2002).

‘Kashmir’ (1951) was not a very popular film. The reason was, after the partition and independence, people were looking for a respite from all that patriotic fervor, which they had more than enough for the last few years. They were tired. Now they got what they wanted and some peace of mind was sought, perhaps. Additionally, the Hindi film music was going through its Golden Period and so many films with excellent music were enjoyed by people, may be hence serious films like ‘Kashmir’ issue got side tracked. Though a film buff myself, even I had not seen this film.

The film was produced and directed by Rajendranath Jolly, for Raajdeep Pictures, Bombay. The MD was Hansraj Behl and the lyricists were Sasrshaar Sailaani and Baaba ji, for 9 songs of the film. The song is sung by Mohd. Rafi and Master Sonik.

Master Sonik aka Manohar Lal Sonik was born on 26-11-1926 in Siyalkot, Punjab. By the time he was three years old, he lost his vision completely. Undaunted, he learnt music – first from music school of Lahore and then from Lucknow. For sometime, he was assistant to Pt Amarnath Batish.

After  partition he joined All India Radio, Delhi. Later, he sang 8 songs in 7 Hindi films, namely ‘Chaar Din’ (1949), ‘Stage’ (1951), ‘Kashmir’ (1951), ‘Khaibar’ (1954), ‘Mast Qalandar’ (1955), ‘Inquilab’ (1956) and then after 20 years he sang in film ‘Umar Qaid’ (1975) also. He gave music to film ‘Ishwar Bhakti’ (1951) along with Giridhar and then film ‘Mamta’ (1952), with Hansraj Behl.

Meanwhile, his nephew Omprakash Sonik, who was a singer on Delhi AIR, proposed working as a team of composers. They got their first film ‘Dil Ne Phir Yaad Kiya’ (1966). The songs became very popular. They continued to give music till ‘Anaadi Dada’ (1993). Master Sonik died on 9-7-1993.

The cast of the film was an interesting mix of fading and emerging actors, like Veena, Al Nasir, Badriprashad, Tiwari, Kailash, Uma Dutt, Kamal Kapoor, Nirupa Roy, Arun Ahuja etc. There was also an actress who made her debut with this film. Let us take a look at her short bio again.

For the actress Achala Sachdev (3-5-1920 to 30-4-2012), this was her debut Hindi film (though another film ‘Dilruba’ (1950) featuring her was released prior to this film, but she considers this film as her debut film). Achala Sachdev’s original name was Rajinder. Her name is permanently conjoined with a mother’s role. She did a mother’s role when she was very young and since then – more than a heroine – she has been seen either as a sister or mother in films. In her earliest film ‘Dilruba’ (1950) she was Dev Anand’s sister and later in many films she was a fixed mother of Dev Anand.

She worked in All India Radio, Lahore. She came to Delhi after the Partition and continued her job in All India Radio, till her first film. She acted in 181 Hindi films, 3 Punjabi films and 1 Gujarati film, in addition to 1 incomplete Bangla film. She acted in few television serials and FD documentaries too.

In her early years she had got married to Gyan Sachdeva. She begot one son and one daughter from him. Her son settled in US and daughter in Bombay. When she could not pull on, she divorced her husband. After 12 years of loneliness she fell in love and married an American Clifford Douglas Peters, who was an Engineer and ran an electronics factory in Poona. She stopped accepting new films after 1976 and then shifted to Poona.

After her second husband died, she shifted from her bungalow in Bhosari, near Poona to a spacious flat in Hadapsar area of Poona. She had completed all films on hand, but due to insistence of family friend Yash Chopra, she acted in some of his films – notably ‘Dilwale Dulhaniya Le Jaayenge’ (1995). Though her last film was ‘Dahak’ (1998), her last released film was ‘Suno Sasur Ji’ (2003).

During her heydays, she was very friendly with Sunil Dutt and Nargis, Mona Dev Anand (Kalpana Kartik), Meena Kumari, Saira Bano and her mother Naseem Bano. She was very punctual during her shootings. Once while working in a Rajesh Khanna film, she had to wait for him for 4 hours, with all make up done. When this continued to happen for next 10 days, she left the film and went back to Poona. Rajesh Khanna wrote an apology letter to her and then only she came back to complete the film.

After her husband passed away in 2002, she was all alone. Her last film released in 2003. After that no one from film industry ever contacted her till her last days. She was very generous. She had donated 25 lakhs to an NGO, Janseva Foundation to start ‘Achala Sachdev Institute of Education’. She also gave 15 Lakhs to Dr. HV Desai Eye Hospital for a ward construction. In her last days, she even donated her flat also to the NGO Janseva Foundation.

She was seriously unwell for last 6 months of her life, and was looked after by the NGO. Admitted to Poona General Hospital ICU, she got paralysis, lost her vision and then lost her life on 30-4-2012. A highly successful film star with lots of money, but she was neglected by her own son and daughter. Above all, during her last lonely 10 years in Poona, not one soul from the film world met her. What was pathetic was, when she was admitted in ICU, her attending doctor, Dr. Mehta sent messages to Yash Chopra and others in film industry, but none came or even enquired and she died a lonely death.

(Based on Cine Blitz, Madhuri,Times of India, Indian Express, Wikipedia and info kindly given by Shri Harish Raghuwanshi ji ).

Another interesting person in this film was actor Al Nasir. Many people make a confusion in him and actor Nasir Khan. Some sites even wrongly mix up their filmography. Even earlier, I have clarified this difference. Not many readers will be aware of him. Al Nasir was one of the most handsome actors of his times. ABDUL REHMAN AL NASIR GAZNAVI (popularly known as Al Nasir ) was born on 27-11-1922 in Kabul. His father was a big shot – Chancellor of Law. He was related to the Begum of Junagadh and also to the Nawab of Bhopal.

His schooling was done in Dehradun up to Sr. Cambridge and degree was obtained from Kabul college. He was a tall and handsome young man, who was keen on joining Air Force. He went to Bombay in 1941 for this purpose. While in National Studios to meet a friend, Mehboob spotted him and offered him a job. He was taken on the rolls of studio.

For next 6 months there was only pay, but no work. In 1942 National Studios closed down, but Mohan Sinha offered him hero’s role in film ‘Preetam’ (1942). His father did not like this. However Al Nasir worked in 17 films till 1957.

Being handsome and polished he impressed women . He was a womaniser. During the shooting of film ‘Prithvi Vallabh’ (1943), he married Khursheed Jehan commonly known as Meena (later Meena Shorey). Whenever she was away, he would run after other women. He had an affair with Nigar Sultana. After the divorce with Meena, he married actress  Manorama, when he had gone to Lahore.

He divorced Manorama in 1946 and married actress Veena. They had 2 children. Daughter Huma became a professor and son was Altamash. Al Nasir  was fond of hunting and reading English books.

He acted in ‘Preetam’, ‘Prithvi Vallabh’, ‘Pathron Ke Shehar’, ‘Shehar Se Door’, ‘Dhamkee’, ‘Shalimaar’, ‘Khamosh Nigaahen’, ‘Aarsi’, ‘Ek Roz’, ‘Daastaan’, ‘Bewee’, ‘Kashmir’, ‘Mr and Mrs 55’, ‘Hatimtai Ki Beti’, ‘Sakhi Haatim’, ‘Indrasabha’ and ‘Mera Salaam’.

Al Nasir died at the age of only 35 years, on 17-10-1957.

As mentioned earlier, the film had 9 songs. Today’s song will be the 4th song to be discussed from this film. Coincidence is that both songs, earlier discussed by me – “Uth Ae Watan Ke Naujawan” and today’s song, happen to be patriotic songs, sung by Indian fighters in the film. Surprisingly, both these patriotic songs were not released in Pakistan. My guess is that, the then Government possibly did not want to hurt Pakistan’s feelings, so these songs were released only in India.

One more thing. The first song of this film , discussed earlier by me, was in 2 parts (gramophone record no. N-36728). One more part (part 3) was recorded in the voices of Rafi, Geeta and chorus. This Patriotic song too was not  issued on a commercial record (possibly for the same reason). This information is given in the HFGK itself.

Let us now enjoy the second patriotic song from this film, released only in India and not in Pakistan.

Song – Raah e Wafaa Mein Nikle Hain Seenon Ko Taan Ke (Kashmir) (1951) Singer – Mohammed Rafi, Master Sonik, Lyrics – Saarshaar Sailaani, MD – Hansraj Behl
Chorus

Lyrics

raah e wafaa mein nikle hain
seenon ko taan ke
raah e wafaa mein nikle hain
seenon ko taan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke

hum hausle ke sher hain
dil ke daler hain
dil ke daler hain
parbat hamaare saamne matti ke dher hain
matti ked her hain
sikke bichha ke chhodenge bharat ki shaan ke
bharat ki shaan ke
farzand hum hain
farzand hum hain
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke

ubhre to aasmaan ko neecha dikhaayenge
neecha dikhaayenge
uthe hain apne saath qayaamat uthaayenge
qayaamat uthaayenge
sachche hain apni baat ke
pakke zubaan ke
pakke zubaan ke
farzand hum hain
farzand hum hain
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke

mazhab hai aur cheez
qayaamat hai aur shai
qayaamat hai aur shai
mazhab judaa judaa hain magar qaum ek hai
magar qaum ek hai
taare hain shaikh o barhaman ik aasmaan ke
ik aasmaan ke
farzand hum hain
farzand hum hain
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke

raah e wafaa mein nikle hain
seenon ko taan ke
raah e wafaa mein nikle hain
seenon ko taan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke

———-———————————————–
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

राह ए वफा में निकले हैं
सीनों को तान के
राह ए वफा में निकले हैं
सीनों को तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के

हम हौसले के शेर हैं
दिल के दलेर हैं
दिल के दलेर हैं
परबत हमारे सामने मट्टी के ढेर हैं
मट्टी के ढेर हैं
सिक्के बिछा के छोड़ेंगे भारत की शान के
भारत की शान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के

उभरे तो आसमान को नीचा दिखाएंगे
नीचा दिखाएंगे
उठे हैं अपने साथ क़यामत उठाएंगे
क़यामत उठाएंगे
सच्चे हैं अपनी बात के
पक्के ज़ुबान के
पक्के ज़ुबान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के

मज़हब है और चीज़
क़यामत है और शै
क़यामत है और शै
मज़हब जुदा जुदा हैं मगर क़ौम एक है
मगर क़ौम एक है
तारे हैं शैख ओ बरहमन इक आसमान के
इक आसमान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के

राह ए वफा में निकले हैं
सीनों को तान के
राह ए वफा में निकले हैं
सीनों को तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3989 Post No. : 15080

Today’s song is from a less known film – ‘Zindagi ke Mele’ (1956). The reason for selecting this song is that it is a duet of Shamshad and Rafi and is composed by my favourite composer Chitragupt – The King of Melody. For this film, his assistant was Dilip Dholakiya.

This was the last film of producer-director KB Lall (1911 – 25.8.1975). The other films he directed were, ‘Lal Haveli’ (1944), ‘Samrat Ashok’ (1947), ‘Lal Dupatta’ (1948), ‘Hanste Aansoo’ (1950) and ‘Angaarey’ (1954).

The cast of this film consisted of Chitra, Jagirdar, Dulari, Chandrashekhar, KN Singh, Kum Kum, Rashid Khan, Jankidas and many others. There were 3 lyricists – Manohar Khanna (father of music director Usha Khanna), Shevan Rizvi and Tanvir Naqvi. Today’s duet is written by Manohar Khanna.

The title of the film ‘Zindagi Ke Mele’ is actually very apt for the film industry. Film Industry is the only association of people which is truly secular from the beginning. Like a mela has all types of people, the film industry too has people from all over India, males and females and even a transgender. All religions merge into One Community – Community of Artistes, in this industry.

The film industry worked like a magnet, from the day it started. People of all religions, regions and colours joined here. Some made their mark, others just came, survived and left. The magnetism of film industry attracted people from all walks of life – doctors, engineers, architects, dentists, teachers, police officers, military persons etc. – all came here to try their Luck. One such person was music director Chitragupt Shrivastav, double MA, lecturer in a Patna College. It is worthwhile to take a  look at his life story again here.

Chitragupt was born on 16-11-1917 at village Karmaini in Gopalganj district of Bihar. He was brought up and educated in Bihar. He was perhaps the most educated composer of his times. He had done double MA in Economics and Journalism from Patna University and also taught for few years. He came to Bombay in 1945 and  having learnt classical music wanted to become a composer. He started as an assistant to SN Tripathi. His first break came in 1946 with ‘Lady Robinhood’, with the help of its director Ramnik Vaidya. Initially he got only stunt and devotional films to do. In 1952, film ‘Sindbad The Sailor’ songs became famous. In 1955, Dada Burman recommended him to AVM for ‘Shiv Bhakta’. This was a landmark film for Chitragupta, because he used Lata for the first time. Later Lata and Chitragupt had very good relations, till the end.

Actually Chitragupt should be counted as No 1 composer who gave very melodious songs to Lata, but this is forgotten because like Madan Mohan, Roshan, S-J, C. Ramchandra or SD Burman, he never got big banner films (at least not very often), which became a reason to discuss only their Lata songs frequently. Chitragupt always got only B and C grade films, which were not famous, but he was in no way less capable of composing good tunes for Lata.

Chitragupt was a very homely family man with a middle class mentality. He had a fun group comprising of  Lata, Usha, Meena, Dilip Dholakiya, Prem Dhawan and Chitragupt. They used to have lot of fun at the home of Chitragupt. Lata liked their food very much. Chitragupt Shrivastav was a Kayastha (‘Lalaji’ as they are called in Bihar ) and their non veg food was excellent.

In the late 1980s, I came in personal contact with Chitragupt, when my close friend’s daughter married his elder son. When Chitragupt learned that I liked ‘sattu ki poori‘ (a Bihari veg dish) very much, he called me to his house and we ate sattu puris and aaloo sabji, to our heart’s content !

His house in Prabhat building on Khar Road, Bombay had a music room on the ground floor, where he composed most of his tunes during 1959 to 1990. During the early 1960s up to 1965, he was so busy with work that – according to his son Anand – at one time 4 lyricists were writing lyrics in his home, Anand Bakshi in the garden, Majrooh in a room, Rajendra Krishna in the music room and Prem Dhawan under a palm tree and Chitragupt would visit one by one to see their progress !!

Chitragupt was such a simple person that when S-J demanded 5 Lakhs per film, he hesitated to ask for 50000 !

He remained a typical gentleman till the end. He was expert in using Bihari folk tunes in his songs. He became the MD of the first Bhojpuri film ‘Ganga Maiyya Tohe Piyari Chadhaibo’ (1962). His main singers remained Lata, Rafi and Mukesh.

As far as singing songs is concerned, it was his hobby. He had sung 29 songs in 16 films in his career. Most songs were for SN Tripathi, who was his guru in film music. He gave music to 149 Hindi films, composing 1036 songs-  from ‘Lady Robinhood’ (1946) to ‘Shiv Ganga’ (1987).

He suffered a heart attack in 1968 and a paralytic stroke in 1974. He died on the 14th of January 1991. His children, Anand and Milind (who can forget their song from QSQT, “Papa Kahate hai Bada Naam Karega” which launched Amir Khan into incredible stardom!), the composer duo have also made an impact on the film world.

One can understand that people in India, with whatever vocation they followed, were attracted to film industry. But even a person with exceptional achievements at international levels, one who represented India 3 times in international games and established records –  he too? Yes, surprisingly one gentleman of this description and calibre, was keen to join films. His name was JANKIDAS MEHRA.

Jankidas was born on 14th June 1916. He completed his MA from Punjab University. He was an athlete and a cycling champion. By the age of 22 years, he represented India in 3 international meets and in 1938 had established a record for 1/2 mile race. He was the first and the only Indian to win the British Empire Games Distinction Medal.

Jankidas was also an author. He wrote and published books like, ‘Mahatma Gandhi In His Own Words’, ‘Extinction of Tasmanian Race’, ‘From Brothel To Victory Stand’, and ‘My Sports Ventures’. He was described as “. . . a rare combination of student, sportsman, idealist, aristocrat and democrat” by Australia’s leading weekly ‘Smith Weekly’, dated 22nd January 1938!

Jankidas was keen to join film industry. His first role was in Pancholi’s ‘Khazanchi’ (1941). On coming to Bombay, he found that his high qualifications and achievements were deterrents for most illiterate producers, to get him roles. Frustrated, he told a lie to a producer that he was illiterate and he got a role in film ‘Her Highness’ (1946), but he was not credited. Disgusted on some friend’s advice, he contacted V Shantaram. Here he got a role in film ‘Jeevan Yatra’ (1946) and ‘Dr. Kotnis Ki Amar Kahani’ (1946).

Jankidas went on to do 344 films in his career of 60 years. In the later stage of his career he became India’s first ‘Production Designer’. (Nowadays, this is a very important post in the industry). Jankidas always remembered what his dear friend Dalsukh Pancholi told him, just minutes before his death, he had said, “Jankidas, never put your children in film industry”. Pancholi died on his shoulders in the car itself.

Jankidas expired on 18th June 2003.

Another interesting, but less known actor in this film was Rashid Khan. Senior readers will surely remember this thin, short but talented actor. I always remember his comic role in film ‘Ek Phool Chaar Kaante’ (1960) (by the way, there came a movie ‘Ek Phool Teen Kaante’ in 1997!).

Born on 5-7-1915 at Baroda, Rashid Khan, a Sulemani Muslim, studied upto BA, LLB and came to Bombay to become either an advocate or an actor. Instead he joined All India Radio as an announcer. Balraj Sahni was after him that he should act in their drama, but he initially refused and then joined them. Balraj gave him a break in the film ‘Dharti Ke Laal (1946). Then came ‘Hasrat’ (1946), ‘Gudiya’ (1947), ‘Aaj Aur Kal’ (1947), ‘Anjuman’ (1948), ‘Aarzoo’ (1950), ‘Afsar’ (1950) etc. He acted in total 95 films.

He was a fixture in Navketan films, Guru dutt films and Hrishikesh Mukherjee films. He was loved by all directors and actors. Being a Gujarati, initially he had a problem with Urdu, which he learnt quickly and mastered it.

In 1953, he married one Suraiya. His son Fazal is a photographer and daughter Heena married into Fida Hussain family.

Rashid Khan rarely got long and big roles, but he made his small roles also memorable. He was not typecast. He did roles as villain, comedian and character artiste as father, brother or friend of the hero. While shooting at Famous studio, on 7-11-1972, he got massive heart attack and died while working (just like Gope). (Thanks to Harish Raghuwanshi ji for info on Rashid Khan)

So, here is the duet of Rafi and Shamshad Begum from film ‘Zindagi Ke Mele’ (1956), composed by the King of Melody – Chitragupt.

 

Song – Tu Meri Heroine Main Tera Hero (Zindagi Ke Mele) (1956) Singer – Mohammed Rafi, Shamshad Begum, Lyrics – Manohar Khanna, MD – Chitragupt

Lyrics

tu. . . . . .
meri heroinnn. . .

tu meri heroine
main tera hero
dil hai tumhaara
chaahe kaato chaahe cheero
tu meri heroinnn. . .

main teri heroinnn. . .
main teri heroine
tu mera hero
oyy dil hai tumhaara
chaahe kaato chaahe cheero
ae ji main teri heroinnn. . .

zulfon mein teri
dil mera atka
pyaar ka kaanta
mere dil mein hai khatka
zulfon mein teri
dil mera atka
pyaar ka kaanta
mere dil mein hai khatka
tadpun main tere liye
pal pal chhinn chinn
tadpun main tere liye
pal pal chhinn chinnn
main teri heroinnn. . .
main teri heroine
tu mera hero
arrey tumse kya darr hai
mere hero number zero
ae ji main teri heroinnn. . .

ho oo oo oo oo
holi diwali beeti
beeti hai eid bhi
tu ne na bheji raja
dil ki raseed bhi
tu ne na bheji raja
dil ki raseed raja
dil ki raseed bhi
pyaar ki duniya meri
sooni hai tere bin
pyaar ki duniya meri
sooni hai tere bin
main teri heroinnn. . .
main teri heroine
tu mera hero
tum se kya darr hai
mere hero number zero
haa haa haa
main teri heroinnn. . .

kirkit kabaddi tujhe
haaki khilaaungi
baaksing bataaungi
main kushti sikhaaungi
din mein dikhaaun pyaare taare tujhe gin gin
in mein dikhaaun pyaare taare tujhe gin gin

main teri heroinnn. . .
main teri heroine
tu mera hero
haaaye dil hai tumhaara
chaahe kaato chaahe cheero
hoy main teri heroinnn. . .

———-———————————————–
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

तू॰ ॰ ॰ ॰ ॰
मेरी हीरोइन॰॰न॰॰

तू मेरी हीरोइन
मैं तेरा हीरो
दिल है तुम्हारा
चाहे काटो चाहे चीरो
तू मेरी हीरोइन॰ ॰ ॰

मैं तेरी हीरोइन॰ ॰ ॰
मैं तेरी हीरोइन
तू मेरा हीरो
ओय दिल है तुम्हारा
चाहे काटो चाहे चीरो
ए जी मैं तेरी हीरोइन॰ ॰ ॰

ज़ुल्फों में तेरी
दिल मेरा अटका
प्यार का काँटा
मेरे दिल में खटका
ज़ुल्फों में तेरी
दिल मेरा अटका
प्यार का काँटा
मेरे दिल में खटका
तड़पूँ मैं तेरे लिए
पल पला छिन्न छिन्न
मैं तेरी हीरोइन॰ ॰ ॰
मैं तेरी हीरोइन
तू मेरा हीरो
अरे तुमसे क्या डर है
मेरे हीरो नंबर ज़ीरो
ए जी मैं तेरी हीरोइन॰ ॰ ॰

हो ओ ओ ओ ओ
होली दिवाली बीती
बीती है ईद भ
होली दिवाली बीती
बीती है ईद भ
तूने ना भेजी राजा
दिल की रसीद भी
तूने ना भेजी राजा
दिल की रसीद राजा
दिल की रसीद भी
प्यार की दुनिया मेरी
सूनी है तेरे बिन
प्यार की दुनिया मेरी
सूनी है तेरे बिन
मैं तेरी हीरोइन॰ ॰ ॰
मैं तेरी हीरोइन
तू मेरा हीरो
तुमसे क्या डर है
मेरे हीरो नंबर ज़ीरो
हा हा हा
होय मैं तेरी हीरोइन॰ ॰ ॰

किरकिट कबड्डी तुझे
हाकी खिलाऊँगी
बाक्सिंग बताऊँगी
मैं कुश्ती सिखाऊँगी
दिन में दिखाऊँ प्यारे तारे तुझे गिन गिन
दिन में दिखाऊँ प्यारे तारे तुझे गिन गिन

मैं तेरी हीरोइन॰ ॰ ॰
मैं तेरी हीरोइन
तू मेरा हीरो
हाय दिल है तुम्हारा
चाहे काटो चाहे चीरो
होय मैं तेरी हीरोइन॰ ॰ ॰


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3983 Post No. : 15072

Today’s song is from film ‘Kaarwaan’ (1956), a costume drama, made by Shahkaar productions, Bombay. Produced by Dev Jolly, it was directed by Rafiq Rizvi – whose career as a director came to a close with this film. His 6 films began with ‘Waayda’ (1940). The music was by S Mohinder. The lyricists were Tanvir Naqvi, Pt. Bhushan and Saarshaar Sailani.

S Mohinder aka Bakshi Mohinder Singh Sarna, was one of the very few Sikh composers in Hindi films (only 3 till 1970. Sardul Kwatra, GS Kohli and S Mohinder). For this film, he had 2 assistants. One was Inderjeet Singh, who was the maternal Uncle (mamma) of today’s singer Daler Mehndi and the other was Pt Kishen who was Husnlal and Bhagatram’s nephew (sister’s son). These two assistants were working with S Mohinder till 1961, after which both died one after another.

S Mohinder was born on 24-2-1925 in a small town called Silanwali in Montgomery District of un-divided Punjab. His full name was Bakshi Mohinder Singh Sarna.  His father Sujan Singh Bakhshi was a sub-inspector in police. Soon the family moved to a comparatively larger city Lyallpur, where young Mohinder around 1935 came in contact with an accomplished Sikh religious vocalist Sant Sujan Singh. He honed his skills for several years in classical music in the tutelage of Sant Sujan Singh. Initially he wanted to be a singer. The family moved to Sheikhupura , close  to Nankana Sahib, the birth place of Guru Nanak and S Mohinder got his further training in classical music from legendry Sikh religious musician Bhai Samund Singh. Frequent transfers of his father kept the family on the move. Since S Mohinder’s education was suffering badly, durIng early forties, he was enrolled in Khalsa High School in village Kairon in Amritsar District.

In 1947, the rest of the family too moved to East Punjab in India. The love for classical music brought S Mohinder to Benares. After a couple of years of grooming in classical music in Benares, the Mecca of Indian classical music, S Mohinder, came to Bombay, the leading center of film industry. His first successful film was ‘Neeli’ (1950), which was musically a hit but not successful on the box office. S Mohinder took a regular job of music director with Filmistan Studios, which was churning out movies like factory. He composed music for Filmistan for half a decade. It was a great experience.

After a successful relationship as a music director with Filmistan Studios, S Mohinder composed music for Chandu Lal Shah’s (Ranjit Movietone) film ‘Zameen Ke Taare’ (1960). It became a hit. After that he composed the music for Wadia Brothers film ‘Reporter Raju’ (1962) and producer Roop K Shori’s film ‘Ek Ladki Saat Ladke’ (1961). He gave music for unreleased film ‘Do Dost’ also.

S Mohinder says that during the sixties, when only Hans Raj Behl and Sardul Singh Kwatra were in the field of composing music for Punjabi films, he also tried his hand at Punjab films. The response was good. His music for his first Punjabi film ‘Pardesi Dhola’ was a hit. After that he mainly devoted his attention on composing music for Punjabi films only. His music for ‘Chambe Di Kali’ also became a hit. Inderjit Hassanpuri, a friend of S Mohinder, made a Punjabi film ‘Daaj’ for which S Mohinder composed very emotional tunes. Later on during the late seventies S Mohinder composed music for some non-film Punjabi albums too and the singers included the best in the Punjabi music business, Surinder Kaur and Asa Singh Mastana. These private albums were also instant hits.

In 1960, S Mohinder composed music for the film ‘Mehlon Ke Khwaab’ produced by Madhubala. The film did quite well at the box office and its music became a hit. The untimely death of Madhubala in 1969, during the prime of her youth deeply saddened S Mohinder. He came to the conclusion that the field of composing music for Hindi films was getting a lot of new players and the melody was slowly yielding place to noisy heavy metal music. So he decided to go back to his roots and switch to composing music for Punjabi movies.

Ram Maheshwari and Panna Lal Maheshwari, originally from Amritsar, decided to make a movie in Punjabi based on Sikh religious sentiments. The film was titled ‘Nanak Naam Jahaaz Hai’. S Mohinder got the contract to compose the music. The story of the film required some scenes to be picturized in the Golden Temple. S Mohinder thought that the music for those scenes was a very sensitive subject and must be performed by the finest exponent of Sikh Religious classical music. So he requested Bhai Samund Singh to sing the Shabads. Bhai Samund Singh was also the mentor of S Mohinder during his early training in classical music. Initially Bhai Samund Singh hesitated, but eventually he agreed to sing for the movie. S Mohinder believes that what Bade Ghulam Ali Khan’s singing was to the great movie ‘Mughal e Azam’, the shabads sung by Bhai Samund Singh are to Punjabi film ‘Nanak Naam Jahaaz Hai’. As we all know film ‘Nanak Naam Jahaaz Hai’ has been an all time hit Punjabi movie. Its music was also as big a success.

The runaway success of ‘Nanak Naam Jahaaz Hai’ ushered in an era of for making well meaning movies based on Sikh religious stories. S Mohinder composed the music for most of these Sikh religious movies.’Dukh Bhanjan Tera Naam’ (1974) featuring Shaminder Singh as the hero was the next film, it was also quite successful. Then came two more namely ‘Man Jeete Jag Jeet’ (1973) and ‘Paapi Tare Anek’ (1976). Both were successful at the box office. All these movies were made during the decade of seventies. S Mohinder also composed some of his most memorable music for these movies.

During the decade of nineteen seventies, S Mohinder composed music for some private albums also including some featuring Sikh devotional music and some featuring the folk music of Punjab. Legendry Punjabi singer Surinder Kaur was prominently featured on some of these albums. He gave music to 36 Hindi films, composing 243 songs. He also sang 3 songs in 3 films.

S Mohinder left India for the USA in October 1982, when he was at the peak of his career as a music composer. The last film featuring his music was named ‘Maula Jatt’, with Dara Singh in the male lead role. Even in US, he did lot of work in Music – like recording songs, running a music school etc. (Adapted, with thanks, from an article in apnaorg.com)

Today’s song is written by Tanvir Naqvi. Tanvir Naqvi (real name – Syed Khursheed Ali) was born on 16th February 1919, at Lahore. His father was a jaagirdar and elder brother was ADC to a nawab. Tanvir went to Persia, along with father, where he was educated in Urdu and Persian. From the age of 14 years, he started writing poetry and participated in various mushairas. He published a book of poetry, titled ‘Suhaane Sapne. By chance, AR Kardar read it and called Tanvir to Bombay to write for his film ‘Swami’ (1941), made by CIRCO Productions.

In his next film, ‘Nai Duniya’ (1942), Suraiya sang his song as her first song. His films ‘Anmol Ghadi’ (1946) and ‘Jugnu’ (1947) became hits and all his songs were appreciated much. He had earned a good name. However, after film ‘Parda’ (1949), he migrated to Pakistan. In 1954, K Asif invited him to India to write songs for his film ‘Mughal e Azam’, but by that time, Naushad had built his own team and he declined to take Tanvir Naqvi. From 1954 to 1959, Tanvir did many films. He also joined S Mohinder and wrote songs for his 7 films.

In 1959, Tanvir Naqvi shifted again to Pakistan, but this time for good. There also he wrote for many films, like ‘Koel’, ‘Jhoomar’, ‘Salma’, ‘Gulfam’, ‘Elaan’etc. He wrote also for Punjabi films. He had married Idaan – elder sister of actress singer Nurjehan. However, since he had no children from her, so he married again and had 2 children.  He died in Lahore on 1-11-1972. In India, he wrote 224 songs for 48 films. Some of his songs are popular even today.

The cast of the film consisted of Shakila, Mahipal, Heeralal, Gope, Yashodhara Katju, Randhir, Satish, Sheila Vaz, Helen, Cuckoo and others. All the usual actors for a C grade costume drama. I find that most main actors are the subject matters of many articles, but actors like Heeralal are left out. I reproduce below a brief biosketch of Heeralal that I have earlier posted for the song “Main Hoon Bhaiya Dim Timkar“.

Heeralal is a familiar face to every fan of vintage Bollywood as he played countless character parts, often as the villain, in literally hundreds of films both big and small. He was born Heeralal Thakur, on March 14, 1912 in Lahore (now part of Pakistan) and began his career in silent films with AR Kardar’s ‘Safdar Jung’ which was released in 1930. Incidentally, his second film, ‘Daughters of Today’, actually made it to movie theaters first, in 1929. He was under contract to United Players Corporation and made several silent pictures for them before making the transition to talkies and moving on to other studios for films like ‘Pavitra Ganga’ (1932), ‘Seeta’ (1934), and ‘Blood Feud’ (1935).

Some of his notable fantasy, sci-fi and horror films include ‘Khooni Jaadugar’ (1939), ‘Arabian Nights’ (1946), ‘Mehbooba’ (1954), ‘Hatimtai Ki Beti’ (1955), ‘Roop Basant’ (1955), ‘Sakhi Hatim’ (1955), ‘Shah Behram’ (1955), ‘Indra Sabha’ (1956), ‘Shaan e Hatim’ (1958), ‘Dr. Z’  (1959), ‘Dr. Shaitan’ (1960),  ‘Jadoo Mahal’ (1962), ‘Flying Man’ (1965), ‘Gumnaam’ (1965), ‘Sindbad, Alibaba and Alladin’ (1965), ‘Love And Murder’ (1966), ‘Sheba And Hercules’ (1967), and ‘Alibaba’ (1976). Hiralal worked continuously until his death on June 27, 1982.

He had worked in 203 films. His first film was ‘Pavitra Ganga’ (1932) and last film was ‘Kaalia’ (1981).

Today’s song is actually a very sweet song and had been a popular song in its time. This is a duet of Lata and GM Durrani. The mukhda says – “Ae Saarbaan, Saarbaan. . .”. The word saarbaan means actually ‘camel handler’, but in Persian language it also means the caravaan leader. I liked this song very much. In fact, many of the songs composed by S Mohinder are very good, but somehow he never became an A grade composer.

 

Song – Ae Saarbaan Saarbaan, Kis Raah Ka Raahi Hai Tu (Kaarwaan) (1956) Singer – Lata Mangeshkar, GM Durrani, Lyrics – Tanveer Naqvi, MD – S Mohinder

Lyrics

ae saarbaan saarbaan
ae saarbaan saarbaan

kis raah ka raahi hai tu
hai tujhko kiski justju
hogi teri manzil kahaan
ae saarbaan saarbaan
ae saarbaan saarbaan

teri meri manzil nahin
manzil hai manzil ka nishaan
ae jaan e jaan jaan e jaan
ae jaan e jaan jaan e jaan

mujhko ko bhi apne saath le. . .
de haath mera haath le
de haath mera haath le
mushkil bahut hain raaste
aasaan hain mere waste
aasaan hain mere waste
raste ki sab dushwaariaan
ae saarbaan saarbaan
ae saarbaan saarbaan
ae jaan e jaan jaan e jaan
ae jaan e jaan jaan e jaan

gar tujhko khud pe hai yakeen. . .
mushkil koi mushkil nahin
mushkil koi mushkil nahin
ghat’ta rahega har khatar
kat’ta rahega ye safar
kat’ta rahega ye safar
badhta rahega kaarwaan
ae saarbaan saarbaan
ae jaan e jaan jaan e jaan

badh kar na thehren phir kadam. . .
ye shauk ka dastoor hai
ye shauk ka dastoor hai
teri mohabbat ke liye
sab kuchh mujhe manzoor hai
sab kuchh mujhe manzoor hai
le chal mujhe chaahe jahaan
ae saarbaan saarbaan
ae saarbaan saarbaan
ae jaan e jaan jaan e jaan
ae jaan e jaan jaan e jaan

ae saarbaan saarbaan
ae saarbaan saarbaan

———-———————————————–
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

ए सारबाँ सारबाँ
ए सारबाँ सारबाँ

किस राह का राही है तू
है तुझको किसकी जुस्तजू
होगी तेरी मंज़िल कहाँ
ए सारबाँ सारबाँ
ए सारबाँ सारबाँ

तेरी मेरी मंज़िल नहीं
मंज़िल है मंज़िल का निशां
ए जान ए जान जान ए जान
ए जान ए जान जान ए जान

मुझको भी अपने साथ ले॰ ॰ ॰
दे हाथ मेरा हाथ ले
दे हाथ मेरा हाथ ले
मुश्किल बहुत हैं रास्ते
आसाँ है मेरे वास्ते
आसाँ है मेरे वास्ते
रस्ते की सब दुश्वारीयाँ
ए सारबाँ सारबाँ
ए सारबाँ सारबाँ
ए जान ए जान जान ए जान
ए जान ए जान जान ए जान

गर तुझको खुद पे है यकीं॰ ॰ ॰
मुश्किल कोई मुश्किल नहीं
मुश्किल कोई मुश्किल नहीं
घटता रहेगा हर ख़तर
कटता रहेगा हर सफर
कटता रहेगा हर सफर
बढ़ता रहेगा कारवां
ए सारबाँ सारबाँ
ए जान ए जान जान ए जान

बढ़ कर ना ठहरें फिर कदम॰ ॰ ॰
ये शौक का दस्तूर है
ये शौक का दस्तूर है
तेरी मोहब्बत के लिए
सब कुछ मुझे मंजूर है
सब कुछ मुझे मंजूर है
ले चल मुझे चाहे जहां
ए सारबाँ सारबाँ
ए सारबाँ सारबाँ
ए जान ए जान जान ए जान
ए जान ए जान जान ए जान

ए सारबाँ सारबाँ
ए सारबाँ सारबाँ

 


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3979 Post No. : 15065

Today’s song is from film ‘Aaj Ki Baat’ (1955).

In one of his earliest posts, Atul ji had said that the Indian people like to talk about 3 things – politics, films and cricket. How true it was. . . till Whatsapp and Facebook became an obsession for most people in India. Now you see different, sometimes even strange topics being discussed with taste. Additionally, there are wise people to give you free doses of a variety of knowledge. In all this crowd, sometimes one finds even a few intelligent posts too !

Recently, I saw a video by National Geographic. It showed how a mother bear saves her wayward baby bear, from almost certain clutches of a hungry lion. Motherly love or love for children is a common factor among animals and humans. While animals try to protect their babies from enemies, starvation and life threatening situations, human parents try to provide the goodies of life and a paying career line to their children.

Film people are no different in this. Almost every successful star wishes that his children join this line and be famous and successful. However, they forget that in their own case they had struggled hard to earn their place in the life and more importantly they forget that talents are not necessarily hereditary !

When I chose today’s Talat song from film ‘Aaj Ki Baat’, I realised that this was the launching film for Ajit Chitnis – son of ace actress Leela Chitnis. Unfortunately, the film career of Ajit Chitnis never took off beyond his first and the only film. Actually, Ajit was a qualified commercial pilot, but he could not get a job in any air line. Consequently, he became a victim of alcoholism and was spoiled further. To help him settle in life, his mother-Leela Chitnis tried to bring him in film line. When she noticed her contemporary, Shobhana Samarth produced a film ‘Hamari Beti’ (1950), to launch her daughter Nutan, Leela too decided to produce a film to launch one of her two sons as an actor. She chose Ajit as he was elder and needed help. Manvendra (Leela used to call him as ‘Meena’) was not launched ceremoniously, but later he acted in 4 films in side roles. In his last film,’Ramu To Deewana Hai’ (1980) he even shared the credits with his mother. The history of most star sons in films is not very encouraging. In fact, success and failure ratio may be 10 to 90 percent in success and failures.

It is said that ‘No tree can grow under a Banyan tree’. This is absolutely true and applicable in film industry. Except in cases like the Kapoor family, i.e. Raj, Shammi and Shashi,who made their bright careers despite the shadow of their father and other brothers, we find that many of the sons, daughters, brothers or sisters of many popular and famous film stars were failures and never made it big in Hindi cinema.

We know cases like Suneil Anand, Nasir Khan, Tony Walker, Naina Sahu, Meera Joglekar, Ajit Chitnis, Rajendranath, Narendranath, Anoop Kumar, Mallika, Khursheed Jr., Simple Kapadiya, Shivangi Kolhapure,  Preeti Ganguly and many more. In spite of having all the backing of the famous family member, these and such many others just did not make it, because Talents are not always hereditary !

They all were given a fair opportunity to display their talent on the screen , but unfortunately despite their honest effort  their skill could not come out  & the viewers were left unimpressed . They were selected by big banners and well experienced directors were there to guide them. But  their talent remained hidden inside them and with their nonexistent artistry they disappointed their mentors. Non-actor Sohan Kapila was in the romantic lead of Filmistan’s ‘Babar’, which was released in 1960. This film was directed by Hemen Gupta, the distinguished director, who earlier had directed ‘Anand Matth’ (1952) for Filmistan. The film, also had the winning combination of Sahir and Roshan.  Dependable character actor Gajanan Jagirdar played the role of the great Mughal Emperor Babar . But the movie flopped, as the new hero failed pathetically to register  any emotion on his face. A big jolt for Seth Tola Ram Jalaan, who was already facing financial problems. Mr. Kapila appeared in 2-3 movies in inconsequential roles and disappeared from scene for ever. His daughter Padmini Kapila also pursued a career in films, but could not achieve much success .

There were many other actors like him, who got a chance to appear opposite illustrious heroines, unfortunately their effort did not make any impact on the cine loving public. Watching their miserable performance on the screen, no film maker came forward to sign them.  Out of sight is out of mind, it was matter of time when public as well as film industry forgot them.

‘Malhaar’, as the name suggests, is a musical film produced by the great singer Mukesh in 1951 . It had story by veteran actor SK Prem and its evergreen music was composed by Roshan. The movie had new comers Arjun and Shammi (Nargis Rabaadi). Arjun did get another chance in ‘Daku Ki Ladki’ (1954) to please the viewers with his emoting before the camera, but could not succeed and it was end of his career.

Rattan Chopra, the lucky boy was selected for films, among hundreds of aspirants. Mohan Kumar had suffered a huge set back when ‘Aman’ flopped. He  took the newcomer for ‘Mom Ki Gudia’ (1972) opposite Tanuja, with great hopes.  Unfortunately, the film failed to dispel the gloom and sank to the rock bottom. Acting was not his cup of tea, Rattan Chopra understood and wisely opted out of the race of stardom.

Director Amarnath introduced new comer Vijay Kumar in his 1954 offering ‘Alif Laila’ opposite Nimmi and Asha Mathur.  Sohan Kapila and Vijay Kumar had impressive physique, but had no clue about acting. The movie had lilting music by Shyam Sunder, which was his last contribution towards film industry. Helen for the first time got a chance to perform solo in the movie and for many decades she remained on top. But for Vijay Kumar it was his first & last chance.

Another non actor Premendra was introduced by old timer Vijay Bhatt in ‘Holi Aayee Re’ (1970), which was directed by his younger sibling Harsukh Bhatt.  It was pathetic to watch Premendra unsuccessfully trying to show case his imaginary ability in the field of acting .The movie flopped phenomenally and a huge investment made by Bhatt Brothers went up in a cloud of smoke.

There were some more like Pratibha Sinha, Archan Gupta, Jayant Gupta, Ashok Sharma,  Nusrat Kardar, Rajeev Kapoor, Manish Kumar, Navin Chandra, Aroop Kumar, Prashant, Shalini, Kaycee Mehra, Vikram, Shekhar Suman, Deepak Kumar, Ajay, Som Dutt and many more. Among them, some film names which I remember off hand are Deepak Kumar in ‘Aabroo’ (1968), ‘Ajay’ in ‘Wapas’ (1969), Som Dutt in ‘Mann Ka Meet’ (1968), Vikram in ‘Julie’ (1975), Rajeev Kapoor in ‘Raam Teri Ganga Maili (1985), Shekhar Suman in ‘Utsav’ (1984), Kaycee Mehra in ‘Chhabilee’ (1960) and Mem Didi (1961), Prashant in ‘Sehra’ (1963), Ashok Sharma in ‘Hamari Yaad Aayegi’ (1961), Ajit Chitnis in ‘Aaj Ki Baat’ (1955), Nusrat Kardar in ‘Dard’ (1947), Manish in ‘Saraswati Chandra’ (1968), Rajiv in ‘Nayi Umar Ki Nayi Fasal’ (1965), Aroop Kumar in ‘Bezubaan’ (1962) etc. There could be more such examples. Readers can give their comments.

According to what Leela Chitnis wrote in her autobiography, ‘Chanderi Duniyet’ (‘चंदेरी दुनियेत’), during the period 1952-53 she was in a very bad financial position. Her health had worsened due to a wrong operation and then a corrective surgery. Valuable time and all money was lost in this. To come out of this situation, she planned to produce a film launching Ajit. As the luck would have it, the film started in 1953, but took 2 years to complete. The rights were sold to a distribution company. They released the film first in Punjab, where it flopped miserably. Then it was not released anywhere at all and went into the cans forever. This was a great shock to Chitnis family.

The film had 8 songs. 2 songs are already discussed here. This is the 3rd song, sung by Talat Mehmood. Written by Raj Baldev Raj, it was composed by the ‘Gentleman Maestro’ – Snehal Bhatkar.

White full shirt, ironed white Pyjama, spectacles with big powerful lenses and the trademark white Gandhi Topi. He could easily be mistaken for a ‘Pandharpur Warkari‘ (a regular pilgrim to Pandharpur) or a member of a ‘Bhajani Mandali’ or simply a middle class ‘Marathi Manoos’. Such was the appearance of one of Hindi filmdom’s talented yet not so famous, music maestro VASUDEV GANGARAM BHATKAR or Snehal Bhatkar as we all love to know him.

In Hindi film music field, there were some talented composers like Ghulam Mohd, Mohd Shafi, Iqbal Qureshi, Daan Singh, C Arjun, Ramlal, Sardar Malik, Ajit Merchant, Jamaal Sen, Dattaram, Ganesh, Snehal Bhatkar etc., who could never reach the peaks of their careers. They really deserved this, but luck did not favour them. Big Banners never approached them and the losers were the lovers of music in India. They did not know, perhaps, how to sell their art. May be, they never wanted to enslave the music to gain name and fame, instead they preferred to settle for service to the music!

Bhatkar was one such composer. ‘Simple living and high thinking’ – never worked in this mayanagari, but he had no regrets. Till the end he was contented with whatever God gave him, whatever name and success he achieved. He was born into a family and grew in such atmosphere which was surrounded by traditional devotional music all around. In the lower middle class, the people had their entertainments in singing bhajans and doing keertans in temples en masse.

He was born on 17-7-1919. Vasudev G. Bhatkar knew at least 100 Bhajans by heart by the time he was in his 10th class. He was invited to sing in Ganesh Melas and other celebrations and soon became a well known name in the locality. Because of his singing and skills in playing harmonium and other instruments, he got a job in HMV in Bombay. Here he used to give accompaniment on harmonium to renowned classical singers. At the same time, taking cognizance of his singing skills, many Marathi bhavgeets and bhajans were recorded by HMV in those days. Some of them are popular in Maharashtra even today.

All the while, Bhatkar was looking for opportunity to compose in films. Sudhir Phadke, who too served in HMV and recorded some songs from 1943 to 1945, joined hands with Bhatkar and made a pair – Vasudev-Sudhir. They got a film of Baburao Painter ‘Rukmini Swayamvar’ in 1946 for music direction. The problem was due to his service in HMV, he could not openly work outside, hence he only gave his name as Vasudev. After this film the pair separated and Phadke went to give music to films like ‘Gokul’, ‘Aagey Badho’ etc. Due to financial constraints Bhatkar was unable to leave the job also.

In 1941, Bhatkar had come to know Kidar Sharma while recording songs for his film ‘Chitralekha’, which he was making for Ranjit Studios. Sharma had just come from Calcutta, to establish himself in Bombay. He had a knack of identifying talents. He gave chance to Bhatkar first to sing some songs with Leela Sawant in his film ‘Kaliyan’ (1944). After ‘Rukmini Swayamvar’, Kidar Sharma gave him his first break as independent composer in his ‘Neel Kamal’ in 1947. For this film, Bhatkar used the name  B Vasudev. Kidar Sharma had launched Raj Kapoor and Madhubala in adult roles as the lead pari in this film. It also launched Bhatkar, albeit in a pseudo-name. In the subsequent years Bhatkar used different names for different films-

  • ‘Suhaag Raat’ (1948) – as Snehal
  • ‘Sant Tukaram’ (1948) – as VG Bhatkar (he sang 6 songs also)
  • ‘Thes’ (1949) – as Snehal
  • ‘Sati Ahilya’ (1949) – as VG Bhatkar
  • ‘Pagle’ (1950) – as VG Bhatkar

After completing ‘Thes’ and ‘Sati Ahilya’, Bhatkar resigned from HMV.

He and Kidar Sharma were very good friends. Kidar gave him ‘Neki Aur Badi’ in 1949. He started the work. Meanwhile, Kidar Sharma met Roshan Nagrath in some musical event. Sharma was terribly impressed with Roshan and wanted to give him a break in his film. At that point of time, Kidar had just started work on ‘Neki Aur Badi’. He had a heart to heart talk with Bhatkar and Bhatkar gladly left the film for Roshan. Thus Roshan got his break with this film. Roshan never forgot Bhatkar’s magnanimity in his life and always respected Bhatkar.

In return Kidar Sharma gave ‘Hamari Beti’ (1950) to Bhatkar.  As he was a free bird now, Bhatkar started using the name Snehal Bhatkar from this film onward. Snehal was the short form of Snehalata, his daughter. Snehal Bhatkar did many Marathi films and recorded many bhajans in Marathi, which are ever popular. He did 27 films in Hindi and 12 films in Marathi. Out of 27 Hindi films, 9 were made by Kidar Sharma.

The song which made Mubarak Begum and Bhatkar famous in India was “Kabhi Tanhayion Mein, Hamari Yaad Aayegi” from the film ‘Hamari Yaad Aayegi’ (1961). (This film was was originally named ‘Jawaan Muhabbat’). Actually this song was to be done by Lata Mangeshkar. Lata had already recorded two songs for this film. Due to her extremely busy schedule she was unable to do this song, so she suggested the name of Asha Bhosle. However, already upset over Lata’s refusal, Kidar Sharma opted for Mubarak Begum and the rest is history-as they say. She made a gold of this song with her special voice.

After 1960, the musical scene in India was undergoing drastic changes and there was no space for composers like Bhatkar, who used minimum orchestra and dwelt upon melody. His films came after long intervals. Even Kidar Sharma left him after ‘Fariyad’ (1964) (only to return in ‘Pehla Kadam’ in 1980). Finally Bhatkar did his last film ‘Sehme Huye Sitaare’ in 1994, which featured his son Ramesh Bhatkar-who was already a popular hero in Marathi film, stage and TV. This obscure film did nothing good to Bhatkar.

After retirement Bhatkar devoted his time for children’s welfare and his original love – bhajan mandali singing.

Snehal or Vasudev Gangaram Bhatkar, together with cousin Devji Bhatkar and Panchambuwa Pandurang Shivalkar, was the founder member of ‘Vishwambhar Prasadik Bhajan Mandal’ in Dadar. It is still in operation after 50 years, with new set of singers. Bhatkar was very kind hearted. Every year, during Ganapati festival he used to visit his ancestral village ‘Bhate’ in Ratnagiri district and participate in singing bhajans.

Lata, Talat and Mukesh were his favourite singers. Talat, though has not sung many songs for him, his song “Zindagi Kis Mod Pe Laayee Hamein” from ‘Diwali Ki Raat’ (1956) was very popular. When rehearsals for this song were being done, Bhatkar had used only tabla and sitar for the practice session. The producer who chanced upon this rehearsal was so much impressed with this that he insisted recording the song only with minimum instruments. So, this song has only tabla, Sitar and another instrument for accompaniment.

Though there were many melodious songs composed by Bhatkar like, Khusro’s “Lakhi Baabul More Kaahe Ko Deeni Bides” sung soulfully by Mukesh in ‘Suhag Raat’ (1948); “Ro’oge Pachhtaoge” by Mukesh and Rajkumari in ‘Thes’ (1949); Lata’s “Chanda Tumko Laaj Na Ayee” from ‘Bhola Shankar’ (1951); Suman Kalyanpur’s “Haal e Dil Un Ko Sunaana Tha” from ‘Fariyaad’ (1964), except Kidar sharma no other big banner producer opted for Snehal Bhatkar. May be, his compositions were not so simple for common man to hum or sing, although they were quality songs.

Inspite of several melodious songs Bhatkar was never counted among the 1st line composers. Kidar Sharma also returned to him in 1980, but by that time Snehal Bhatkar was already on a descending track.

Snehal Bhatkar, a talented but not much applauded music director died peacefully on 29-5-2007 at his Dadar home.

Here is the song by Talat Mehmood from film Aaj ki baat-1955.

(My thanks to Shri MN Sardana ji for his post in ‘Voh Din Yaad Karo’ on Facebook, from which some information has been used herein.)

Song – Pyaar Ki Nazron Se Un Ko Dekhta Jaata Hai Dil (Aaj Ki Baat) (1955) Singer – Talat Mehmood, Lyrics – Raj Baldev Raj, MD – Snehal Bhatkar

Lyrics

aaaaaa aaaaaa
aaaa aaaaa aaaaaa
aaaaaa aaaaaa aaaaaaa
aaaa aaaa aaaa aaaaaa

pyaar ki nazron se un ko
dekhta jaata hai dil
pyaar ki nazron ki nazron se un ko
dekhta jaata hai dil
baat un ke saamne kehne se
ghabraata hai dil

kya hua mujhko
hai mere dil ki dhadkan tez tez
kya hua mujhko
hai mere dil ki dhadkan tez tez
thaamna mujhko ke seene se
uda jaata hai dil
baat un ke saamne kehne se
ghabraata hai dil

aaye hain wo zindagi
aaye hain wo zindagi
kadmon mein un ke daal de
kadmon mein un ke daal de
dil ko samjhaati hain nazren
mujhko samjhaata hai dil
baat un ke saamne kehne se
ghabraata hai dil

ho gai shaayad mohabbat
ho gayi un se mujhe
ho gai shaayad mohabbat
ho gayi un se mujhe
jab khayaal aata hai un ka
khud behal jaata hai dil
baat un ke saamne kehne se
ghabraata hai dil

———-———————————————–
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

आsssss आsssss
आsss आssss आsssss
आsssss आsssss आssssss
आsss आsss आsss आsssss

प्यार की नज़रों से उनको
देखता जाता है दिल
प्यार की नज़रों से उनको
देखता जाता है दिल
बात उनके सामने कहने से
घबराता है दिल

क्या हुआ मुझको
है मेरे दिल की धड़कन तेज़ तेज़
क्या हुआ मुझको
है मेरे दिल की धड़कन तेज़ तेज़
थामना मुझको के सीने से
उड़ा जाता है दिल
बात उनके सामने कहने से
घबराता है दिल

आए हैं वो ज़िंदगी
आए हैं वो ज़िंदगी
कदमों में उनके डाल दे
कदमों में उनके डाल दे
दिल को समझाती हैं नज़रें
मुझको समझाता है दिल
बात उनके सामने कहने से
घबराता है दिल

हो गई शायद मोहब्बत
हो गई उनसे मुझे
हो गई शायद मोहब्बत
हो गई उनसे मुझे
जब खयाल आता है उनका
खुद बहल जाता है दिल
बात उनके सामने कहने से
घबराता है दिल


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3973 Post No. : 15059

Today’s song is from the film Aabshaar aka Waterfall-1953.

To me, songs from the fifty’s decade work like a breeze of fresh air or a cup of hot filter coffee. Discussing songs from the 30s and the 40s continuously gives me a feeling of being a very old man which, actually, I am ! But then, being so and feeling so, are two different things. Toying with a song from the 50s takes me back to my college days. If the song is of Kishore, Sugar gets added to the Coffee further.

Listening to songs of Kishore Kumar from his early years is truly a feast. His song from film ‘Aandolan’-1951 is my eternal favourite. Many times, when I am in a depression, tension, sad mood or simply bored, I like to listen to Vintage songs of Kishore Kumar. For this purpose I have his songs on my Mobile phone itself. His early film songs like Funtoosh, Bahaar, Paying Guest, New Delhi, Begunah etc are unparallelled. In fact, I had run a series of 21 songs under the title ” Vintage Kishore ” from 17-12-2013 to 18-1-2014, on this Blog.

Film Aabshaar-53 was made by Globe Pictures and was produced and directed by Hasrat Lucknowi. When the film’s shooting started, Ghulam Hyder was the composer. He recorded 3 songs of Pakistani singer Munawar Sultana. After partition GH used to come to India to compose music to films, and at the same time, he would compose for Pakistani films too. However, his films like Shahida-49, Beqasoor-50,Akeli-51 and Bheegi Palken-52 were all flops.

While doing music of Aabshaar in India, he was also doing film Gulnar of Pakistan. Meanwhile his health worsened and he abandoned film Aabshaar and left for Pakistan to complete Gulnar. Film Gulnar was released on 2-11-1953 and Ghulam Hyder died on 9-11-1953 !

After he left, the film was given to Bhola Shreshtha and Mohd. Shafi. Bhola composed 3 songs and Shafi did 2 songs, which included today’s Kishore song. His other song was by Asha Bhosle. Besides all this jhamela in Music, film Aabshaarearned a place in Hindi Film History, for being the First ever film to start the system of ” Guest artistes”, mentioned in credits. Film Aabshaar had the cast of Nimmi, Raaj Kumar, Lalita Pawar, kuldip Kaur, Iftikhar, Tiwari and others. It had Guest artistes- AshokKumar, Shyama, Om Prakash and Nigar Sultana. The film was released in Minerva Theatre on 2-10-1953.

The Hero, Raaj kumar was still a novice, this film being onlynhis third film. he started with Rangeeli-52, then came Anmol Sahara-52 and now this film. He was kulbhushan Pandit in real life. Before coming to films, he was a Police Inspector in Bombay police force. It is believed that he was removed from Police force because a criminal died during his investigation by Raaj Kumar.

RAAJ KUMAR ( 8-10-1926 to 3-7-1996 ) – the dashing Hero known for his Dialoguebazi. In Hindi cinema after Sohrab Modi,it was Raaj kumar whose dialogues were popular. He was famous for his favourite word ” Jaani “. The other day,while going through the discussions on RMIM group of Google I found an interesting question,” Why Raaj kumar is called Jaani,when he never used this word in his film dialogues ? “. On checking thoroughly,one found that it was only in the film Saudagar and Tiranga,Raajkumar had used the word Jaani ,only once each. Thats all.
Then why this word became his identity ? The answer is this word was used by Raajkumar in private conversations and interviews very frequently,that is why !

Raaj Kumar was Extra ordinary, in the sense that most of the time he behaved unlike other stars.

He kept his personal life in close wraps. He believed in keeping personal and professional lives separate. He sent his children to Boarding schools to keep them away from films,to get the best education,and not to become like other star children.
He had built a bungalow on Worli sea face and no one except his family was ever allowed inside. Whenever he left for work,a bunch of high pedigreed Dogs used to see him off till the Gate and welcome him on his arrival. He loved his Dogs very much. He used to say ” Insan kutta ban sakta hai lekin kutta Insaan nahi ban sakta. Ye bahot achhi baat hai.”

In any Filmi party, he used to carry his own bottles. He never ever asked any special favours or concessions from any Producer. He was very punctual and one hour afternoon siesta was a must every day. This used to be one of the conditions in his work contracts with the producers. His name was never involved with any actress.

Raajkumar acted in 73 films from Rangilee-52 to God and Gun-1995.

The cast of film Aabshaar-53 was a mix of old fading artistes and new generation stars. one of them was the daredevil Kuldip Kaur. She was born sometime in 1927 and brought up like a princess. Her spoiled Sardar husband wanted his wife to be like a modern westernized lady. He wanted his wife to learn swimming and rub shoulders with the club-going English elite based in Lahore and Amritsar.Once exposed to the club culture, Kuldip Kaur also started getting a taste of its dark side.

Since Lahore was a film city, Kuldip Kaur started dreaming about becoming a film actress. According to one story, Kuldip Kaur started admiring the professional qualities of actor Pran Nath, who was in film acting in Lahore since 1940, when he successfully performed the role of a hero in Punjabi film “Yamla Jutt” (The Simple Peasant).

By July and August of 1947, communal violence erupted into a full-fledged exercise in ethnic cleansing, with Muslims on one side and Sikhs and Hindus on the other. Both Lahore and Amritsar were engulfed in the worst sectarian violence in recent history.
Both Pran and Kuldip Kaur were made to leave Lahore in a jiffy, leaving virtually every belonging behind. Her own village being right on the border was also not peaceful. So Kuldip Kaur left straight for Bombay. According to one story, in order to impress Pran, Kuldip Kaur
decided to bring Pran’s stranded car from Lahore to Bombay. In a gesture of unprecedented daredevilry, she travelled from the safety of Amritsar to Lahore and drove Pran’s car first to Amritsar and then all the way to Bombay, where she handed over
the keys to a surprised but grateful Pran.

After leaving for Bombay, Kuldip Kaur’s contact with her parents and in-laws got diminished. On arrival in Bombay, Kuldip Kaur made up her mind to plunge headlong into the film industry. She was prepared to act in Hindi/Urdu as well as Punjabi films. The experts of film industry were of the opinion that her large piercing eyes and her flat chin made her an ideal choice for the role of a vamp.

The first ranking heroines of the time included Naseem Bano, Madhubala, Nargis, Suraiya and Nutan. Other heroines included Binarai, Shyama, Nimmi, Nirupa Roy, Meena Shori, Nigar Sultana, Veena and Kamini Kaushal. There was a shortage of ladies willing to perform the role of vamps.
One of Kuldip Kaur’s first films was a Punjabi blockbuster “Chaman” (1948). Within the same year Kuldip Kaur acted in two Hindi/Urdu films “Ziddi” and “Grahasthi“. All her 1948 films did well. After that she never looked back and went from strength to strength. At one stage Kuldip
Kaur was so busy in her film roles that for a long duration she did not visit Punjab.

In 1949, Kuldip Kaur worked in at least two films “Ek Thi Ladki” and “Kaneez”. “Ek Thi Ladki” was a blockbuster. Music Director Vinod composed some great tunes for this movie. “Kaneez” did not do too well.In 1950, Kuldip Kaur acted in two great musical Hindi movies “Samadhi” and “Adhi Raat” and did two Punjabi movies “Madaari” and “Chhai”. 1951 was a great year for her: she played the roles of vamps in six movies – “Stage”, “Rajput”, “Nai Zindagi”, “Ek Nazar”, “Afsana” and “Mukhra”. Her role in film “Afsana” received critical acclaim.

1952 was another great year for Kuldip Kaur. She worked in four movies – “Shisham”, “Nau Bahar”, “Baiju Bawra” and “Anjaam”. Again her role was highly praised in what became an all-time classic, “Baiju Bawra”. In 1953 again, Kuldip Kaur had four films – “Mashooka”, “Baaz”, “Anarkali” and “Aabshar”. Of these, “Anarkali” was a super hit and her role stole the limelight. 1954 proved another great year. She was featured in three movies – “Lal Pari”, “Gul Bahar” and “Daak Babu”. 1955 was one of her busiest professional years. She played the bad girl’s role in “Teer Andaz”, “Miss Coca Cola”, “Mast Qalandar” and “Jashan”.

In 1956, things slowed down a bit. She worked in two films, but none was released. Two of Kuldip Kaur starrers spilled over into the new year and were released in 1957. These were “Sheroo” and “Ek Saal”. In 1958 Kuldip Kaur had her roles in two films “Sahara” and “Panchyat”. In 1959, she did three films – “Pyaar Ka Rishta”, “Mohar” and “Jagir”. Out of these, one film, “Mohar,” was a great musical. Its music composed by Madan Mohan was simply outstanding. When Kuldip had fewer Hindi films in hand, she worked in Punjabi films.
1960 started as a reasonably good year for Kuldip Kaur. She had a Hindi film, “Maa Baap,” and a Punjabi film, “Yamla Jutt”.But during this very year, her life was cut short when she got some thorns in her feet and legs and she pulled those out by herself. True to her character of a daredevil woman, she did not seek medical advice immediately. Her sores became not only septic, but she contracted tetanus too, which was then incurable.

Kuldip Kaur died on 3rd February 1960. She worked in 69 films. ( adapted, with thanks, from apna.org )

Everything about this film seems to be special, including 3 MDs. Today’s song is composed by Mohd. Shafi. His name may not be very well known because mostly he worked behind the scene in helping Naushad in composing music. However, he too gave music to some films. Composer Mohd. Shafi ( 25-12-1925 to 30-4-1980 ) was one of those talented artistes of Hindi Film Music who was only used by others and never got enough credit for his work.He is honoured as “The original Arranger” in the industry.He was an excellent Sitar player. He started with Imperial Film company-where he played Bulbul Tarang. In 1937 he went to Calcutta, joined New Theatres and played Sitar in films Kapal Kundala-39 and Aandhi-40, as an assistant to Pankaj Mullick and K.C.Dey. He played sitar in film “Ujala”-42. In this film, the Hero-Prithviraj kapoor was shown as a Sitar player, hence the expertise of Shafi was fully utilised in this film.

Starting with film ‘Haqdaar’-46, he gave music to 19 Hindi films and 2 Marathi films. He worked with Naushad, as his assistant and Arranger, for 14 years.He was considered a ‘Dada’ in Background music.He gave Back ground music to about 70 films( for Naushad and others). For Mughal E Azam, K. Asif used to send his personal car to fetch him to studio. It was Shafi who gave the first break to Suman Hemmadi(Kalyanpur) in Mangu-54 and Hemlata in unreleased film Iraada.

Shafi had bought his first car when he was just 15 year old. He had a posh flat in Shivaji Park area of Dadar in Bombay. In the end , everything was gone. He had helped the families of Shakeel Badayuni and Ghulam Mohammed after their deaths. However in his last difficult days , except Rafi, no one came for his help. In the final few months, his memory had gone. His Begum ruefully said,” Good that he does not remember anything. All took his advantage and gave him nothing. There were more things to forget than to remember ! ”

It is said that the entire music of Sohni Mahiwal-58 was done by him. Naushad was sick during this period and did not attend even one recording. “Do hanson ka joda”and “Dhoondho dhoondho re saajna” Gunga Jamuna-61 were his creations. He used to give tunes to many composers too-whoever asked for help.

Let us now enjoy the song sung by Kishore Kumar, a couple of unidentified male voices and chorus.


Song-Yeh duniya suit boot ki baabu (Aabshaar)(1953) Singers- Kishore Kumar, Male voice 1, male voice 2, Lyrics- Wahid Qureshi, MD- Mohd. Shafi
chorus
All

Lyrics

hooba hooba
looba looba
hingi cheeka
dooba dooba
pudra wata
pudrwati
cheeka bum
daa dru
jhingarwa jhingarwa
jhingar po o

ye duniyaa suit boot ki baabu
kara lo boot polish
kara lo boot polish
ho babu ji
suited booted
suited booted
suited booted

ho
ye duniyaa suit boot ki baabu
kara lo boot polish
kara lo boot polish
ho babu ji
suited booted
suited booted
suited booted

ho

kiya tha matric jab paas
bandhi thi kaisi kaisi aas
bandhi thi kaisi kaisi aas
banengen deputy collector
police inspector
writer actor music directar
bus conductor
tinak tin dhaagi
tinka tin dhaagi
tinak tin aa

chop
chop
chop

arre kaahe khaali peeli bom maarta hai re bhaai
kaahe ko khaali peeli bom maartaa hai ae ae
bom maarta hai
kaahe ko rota hai
arre bom maarta hai
kaahe ko rota hai

wahi hota hai
jo manzoor e khuda hota hai

wahi hota hai
jo manzoor e khuda hota hai

bom maarta hai
kaahe ko rota hai

o o o
bom maarta hai
kaahe ko rota hai

kahat kabir suno bhai saadhu
lo himmat se kaam

ho bhaiya lo himmat se kaam
usi haal mein khush raho bhaiyya
jaa mein raakhe raam

ho bhaiyyaa
jaa mein raakhe raam

raam naam hi sat hai pyaare
baaki dholam pol

sat vachan aahe
jis dharti par basti duniya
wo dharti hai gol
wo dharti hai gol

isi liye to kaha thha bhaiyya
kya kahaa thhaa

gol
gol
are duniyaa ka har anda gol
dhagita dhagita dhit
dhagita

roti gol
paratha gol
chaklaka chaklaka chaklaka
are paisa gol
rupaiya gol
dhritagida dhirtaagida
arre suraj gol aur chanda gol
jis polish se chamak damak hai
ae ae

jis polish se chamak damak hai
us polish ki dabbi gol
dabba gol
duniyaa gol
polam gol
kara lo boot polish
kara lo boot polish
ho babu ji
suited booted
suited booted
suited booted
ho
ho suited booted
suited booted
suited booted
ho

hoy
chakalaka lakalaka lakalaka lakalaka
pikchak pikchak pikchak
hey
lakalakalakalakalakalaka
ahaahaahaahaahaaha
ahaahaahaahaaha


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3971 Post No. : 15055 Movie Count :

4131

Today’s song is not only unique and rare,but it is also one of the few real early songs of the Talkie Films. It is from film Vikram Charitra aka Rajkumar Thaksen – 1933. Thanks to Mr. Shalin Bhatt, who has uploaded this rare Gem, sung by Gauhar Karnataki.

When you see the title of the film, one feels that it is about King Vikramaditya, but when you see the other title Rajkumar Thaksen, you know that this is something else. When Talkie films started, it had profound influence of stage dramas, because that was the only accepted form of entertainment in India, till films arrived…Silent or Talkie. Parsee, Gujarati and Marathi theatre stories, Natya Sangeet and the artificial way of stage acting were things followed in early films,cent percent. Fairy tales, folk tales, Panchatantra stories and Traditional Grand ma stories started appearing as films, after some time.

When I first bought the 5 volume set of HFGK, I started going through the films of 1930s. I read this film title and I suddenly remembered the story of Raja Vikram and Rajkumar Thaksen I had read, when I was about 10-12 years young. That was one of my favourite stories and I felt it was a good competition to Arabian Night stories of Alibaba, Alladin or Sindbad. The Thaksen story had Indian background and felt closer to heart.

However, during the growing years, the tastes changed and the Thaksen story went into the background. Now, when I decided to write on this film song, I tried to recollect the story, but could not recall it fully or cohesively. Despite searching on the net for several days, the story eluded me. Suddenly, one day I bumped into a children’s story book ” Raja Vikram and Rajkumar Thaksen”. I simply can not put into words, how much joy I got after reading this story all over again !

The story of King Vikram, his queen Shashikala and Rajkumar Thaksen was first filmed in 1929, as Prince Thaksen, by Aryan Film company, Poona, in which the role of Thaksen was done by the handsome Nandram Pehelwan. This was a Silent film. In the Talkie era, the first film on Thaksen was this- Vikram Charitra-1933 by Sharda Movietone. In 1933 itself a sequel to this film was made as ” Rambha raniaka Stree Charitra” made by same company, with the same cast and team as Vikram Charitra. This was followed by another film ” Bhedi Rajkumar aka The Mysterious Prince aka Rajkumar Thaksen” in 1934, by Saraswati Cinetone, Poona belonging to R G Torney. After a gap, ” Vikram Shashikala ” was made in 1949, by Chitravani productions, Bombay featuring Master Vithal as Thaksen.

In short, film makers were attracted towards the story of Thaksen. What is this story all about. The story, in short, is thus described in the book….

Raja Vikram of Avanti Nagari was having 7 queens, but he loved queen Shashikala most and used to take her on tours with him. This made the other queens jealous and they conspired to teach her a lesson. When the king came to them, they unanimously complained against Shashikala that she criticised the king on his back. This enraged the king and he deserted Shashikala. She was kept far away in a fortress, surrounded by a water trench all around, with only one entrance. The queen was pregnant, but the king was not aware of it.

In due course, Shashikala gave birth to a handsome prince, who was named Raj Ratan. The king was duly informed, but he never came to see his son. As the Prince grew, he became an expert in the Bird’s and Animal’s languages. He also learnt how to disguise skilfully. Once he tricked even his mother and mother lovingly called him Thaksen ( one who cheats). This name became his name for all purposes.

One day Thaksen came to know about what Raja Vikram did to his mother and he prepared to take revenge. Despite mother’s request, he started for the capital.

To cut the story short, how he reaches the king, teaches him a lesson, saves the king from foreign aggression, how he falls in love with Rambha Rani etc has to be read from the original book itself. It is full of adventures, magic and stories of Thaksen’s valour. In the end, all is well and Shashikala is honourably recalled to the Capital by Vikram etc etc.

The film was made by Sharda Movietone and was directed by Harshadrai Sakerlal Mehta. The cast of the film consisted of Baburao Apte (as Vikram) and Madhav Kale (as Thaksen), along with Gauhar Karnataki, Dulari, Shivrani etc etc. Baburao Apte is the same as elder brother of actress Shanta Apte-about whom I wrote just last month. We do not know the names of the Lyricist or the Music Director, as HFGK is silent on these.

It is a well known established fact that in the early years, women artistes came from lower classes, singing families or Tawayafs and similar types. Most of these girls joined the film line in order to get a a rich Seth ji or a suitable husband and spend the rest of the life respectfully. There are many examples of such ‘ planned’ marriages in the early era. However, this process continued even in later times.

Film industry is one industry where men and women have to work together. Whether it is Actor-director or Singer-Composer, for the sake of work they have to spend much time together. No wonder then that Cupid does his work overtime. Sometimes there are mutual attraction and at times there are one sided fires burning. In most cases the one sided fire is extinguished in a very painful way, like what P L Santoshi faced with actress Rehana or the slap Sanjiv Kumar got from actress Nutan.

There were cases when love of Dilip kumar for Madhubala, died in the High court witness Box, when he gave evidence against her father in the ‘ Naya Daur ‘ legal case. Dev Anand’s love with Suraiyya ended happily for Dev Anand with him marrying Kalpana Kartik, but Suraiyya stayed “Unmarried”, in his ” yaad”, throughout her life. Here the villain was her so called ” Grand mother “, who actually was her own mother, as documented in the book “Stars from another sky” by Saadat Hasan Manto !

The successful 2-way traffic usually ended with a marriage. We can see marriages between producers and Actresses( Himanshu Rai-Devika rani and W Z Khan and actress Nina), directors and singers/actresses ( Nalini jaywant-Virendra Desai, Shaukat Hussain-Noorjehan, Geeta Dutt-Guru Dutt, Lalita Pawar-G.P.Pawar, Rattanbai-Hafiz Khan), Actors and Actresses ( Arun Ahuja-Nirmala devi, Snehprabha Pradhan-Kishore Sahu, Dev Anand-Kalpana Kartik, Dharmendra- Hema Malini, Rajesh Khanna-Dimple Kapadiya, Amitabh Bachchan-Jaya, Abhishek-Aishwarya, Kishore Kumar-Madhubala, Premnath-Bina Rai, Karan Dewan-Manju Desai, Marutirao Pehlwan-Tara Devi.)

There were some odd combinations like Satyendranath Athiah-Bhanu Athaiya (Lyricist-Costume designer),Lyricist-Singer (Amar Verma-Manik Verma), Singer-villain (Shakti Kapoor- Shivangi Kolhapure),Music teacher-student ( Roshan-Ira Moitra, Hemant Kumar-Bela Mukherjee, C.Ramchandra-‘Ben’ Ratan Thakur), and even a singer-Orchestra player (Vinita Amladi-Krishna Chakravarty) and lastly between singer-singers ( Jyoti-G M Durani, Gauhar Karnataki- Bal Gandharva). There were those pairs who were singers-actors ( Amirbai- Himalayawala,Rafiq Gazanavi- Anwari bai).

The interesting group, however,was that of Composer-Singers ( Sudhir Phadke-Lalita Deulkar, Asha Bhosle-R D Burman, Naashad-Premlata, Anil Biswas-Meena Kapoor, Pannalal Ghosh-Parul Ghosh, Khayyam-Jagjit Kaur, Ghulam Haider-Umrao Zia begum, Kamal Dasgupta-Firoza begum, Ninu Majumdar-Kaumudi Munshi).

The Heroine of today’s film- Gauhar karnataki was also one such artiste who did a ‘planned’ marriage. Her life story is interesting. Tabla player Hussain khan,living in a small town Belagi,near Hubli,had 6 daughters. The first was Allamma(Ahilya),then Amirbai,next was Gauhar(Born in 1908),then a series of badi Munni,Chhoti Munni and Nanhi Munni. Son was Dastgir.

Being from a singing family,Amirbai and Gauhar(Gauramma) worked in a drama company called Vanivilas Natak mandali. Since Hubli, Dharwad, Belgaum came under Bombay Presidency and also near Sangli/Miraj and Kolhapur, the sisters were experts in Marathi too.

Brother Dastgir went on to study B.Sc and did a job in AIR, Belgaum. From the beginning only, Amirbai and Gauhar did not get on well with each other. May be professional jealousy. Gauhar got classical music training from a blind teacher NIlkanth Panchakshari Buwa. Great classical singer Mallikarjuna Mansur’s brother Basavanna wrote songs for Gauhar and also accompanied her on Harmonium.

Marathi singer actor Chaphekar took the sisters to Bombay for working in films. Gauhar and Chaphekar stayed as companions in Bombay for few years. Meanwhile Gauhar got a daughter Ashamma. Her father’s name is not known. Ashamma remained with Gauhar till her death.

Gauhar started acting in Marathi and Hindi films. She acted,sang and also composed her own songs,but no records were brought out.

Gauhar was mesmerised by the famous Marathi singer actor BAL GANDHARVA. She first met him in 1937,in actor Himalayawala’s flat(Amirbai karnataki’s cruel Husband). It is widely believed that Gauhar used Black magic to attract Bal Gandharva to her. As expected he fell in her love and Gauhar joined his Balgandharva Natak Mandali in 1938. After her arrival into the Mandali, all senior artistes left the company as they were afraid of Gauhar’s black magic.

From 1938, Gauhar remained with Balgandharva till she died in 1964. Balgandharva’s wife died in grief in 1940 and Gauhar married Balgandharva in 1951.

She acted in films like Raas vilas-32,Kala pahad and Sohni mahiwal-33,Kala vagh and Shak karta Shivaji(M)-34,Pyar ki Maar-35,Bansriwala,Gol Nishan and Graduate-36,kala Bhoot and Chabuk swar-37,Vijay Danka-38,hawai khatola and swadesh sewa-46. chabuk swar-37 was a stunt film a-la Fearless Nadiya style wherein she did some stunts and fencing too. (Thanks to lifekidhun,warren senders,wiki and HFGK for some information used above.)

Gauhar is mentioned as Gauhar karnataki or Gauhar from Bijapur in the HFGK. She must have sung at least 100 songs but since there were no records, there is no information.As her many films were C grade, no records were issued even for them. However she has sung many Marathi natyageet and Bhajans.

There can not be any comparison with her sister Amirbai since Amirbai was in a higher league and her records were also made. She had many composers and singers to sing along.

Film Vikram Charitra-33 was written by C M Luhar, who became a well known director later on. There were 15 songs in the film. This song was recorded by Gauhar Karnataki in June 1934, according to the uploader. Since hardly any records of Gauhar Karnataki are available, this song becomes a rare song. let us enjoy this 85 year old recorded song. With this song, film Vikram Charitra-33 makes its Debut on the Blog.


Song-Raaja ke chaman se laayi manke ki maala (Vikram Charitra)(1933) Singer- Gauhar Karnataki, Lyrics- Not Known, MD- Not known

Lyrics

Raaja ke chaman se laayi
Raaja ke chaman se laayi
Manke ki maala
Raaja ke chaman se laayi
Raaja ke chaman se laayi
Manke ki maala
joohi manke ki maala
joohi manke ki maala
joohi manke ki maala
joohi manke ki maala
joohi manke ki maala
Raaja ke chaman se laayi
Raaja ke chaman se laayi
Raaja ke chaman se laayi
manke ki maala
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
manke ki maala
joohi manke ki maala
joohi manke ki maala
Raaja ke chaman se laayi
Raaja ke chaman se
hamaara kaam hai
sabhi ne ??
sabhi ne ??
sabhi ne ??
sabhi ne ??
??
aa aa aa
jaise nihaar ??
jaise nihaar ??
jaise nihaar ??
jaise nihaar ??
manke ki maala
joohi manke ki maala
joohi manke ki maala
joohi manke ki maala
Raaja ke chaman se laayi
Raaja ke chaman se laayi
Raaja ke chaman se laayi
manke ki maala
Raaja ke chaman se laayi
manke ki maala
joohi manke ki maala
Raaja ki


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 15100 song posts by now.

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