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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Post by Arunkumar Deshmukh’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3831 Post No. : 14839

Today’s song is from a film Jagriti-1949. This film was made by Veerendra Chitra. The director was Manohar Ghatwai. Music was by K. Narayan Rao and the Lyricist was Indeevar. The cast of the film was Ravikant, Mohana Cabral, Omkar Devaskar, Lalita Rao, Leela, Jal khambata, chemist etc etc.

From the list of 7000 odd actors who worked in Hindi films, during the period 1931 to 2000, if you divide them into grade A, B and C class artistes, you will find that about 350 (5%) actors may come in A grade-i.e. Hero/Heroines- about 1000 (15%) may come in B grade- support actors/ character artistes- and the balalnce 5600 (80%) may fall in C grade- smaller roles. It is true that not all those who join films will shine but the small time actors, who thronged the film cities like Bombay had their own dreams.Most had their dreams shattered and they had to settle for whatever was served to them.

The Mayanagari, sometimes showed its Maya. It picked up unsuspecting souls and bestowed upon them the fame and a name as Leading actors, singers, Directors ,Lyricists or whatever in films. Thus, a scholarly young man, standing in a bus queue in Madras is picked up and made a Hero of more than 40 films as ” Ranjan”. It also made an onlooker of shooting from the crowds of a studio, the famous and rich Hero of more than 50 films as ” Motilal”. An ordinary Motor Mechanic becomes a well known film Director in various languages and is called ” Sarvottam Badami’. A poor motor mechanic working is a garage becomes All India famous poet-Lyricist and Producer Director called ” Gulzar.” The same Maya made a casual singer in Hindu Colony,Dadar in Bombay a famous playback singer of repute, when her singing is heard by a passing Music Director Hanuman prasad, just by chance. She was known as ” Geeta Dutt”. There are many such examples.

There are many such number of ” Accidental Stars’, but the same Maya also scuttled the Golden chances of capable aspiring small timers to become big stars. Atleast two glaring examples are known. one is very well known to many, but the other is hardly known to anyone. Mehboob Khan was almost selected as Hero of India’s First Talkie film ” Aalam Ara”-31. Even suitable costumes for him were also made ready, but then Maya played the trick and his name was pushed back, in favour of the more famous Master Vithal, to cover up the possible risk of the failure of the First talkie, which was an experiment. Nevertheless Mehboob Khan became a significantly notable producer, director and studio owner of India.

The other case how Maya scuttled the chances of fame, name and career of a small time actor who was on the verge of becoming a big star, is not known to most people. Now, take a look at the cast of today’s film ‘ Jagriti’-49, as mentioned above, in the first paragraph of this post. Do you find a name Omkar Devaskar ? Well, this is his story….

Omkar Devaskar was born in 1911 in MP (Central provinces then). After his schooling, he ran away to Bombay to seek employment and got a job as an ‘ Assistant’ in Imperial Film company. His job was to do any work given to him. The salary was Rs.20 pm. When he saw the film shootings, he had an urge to act in films. One day, he asked Ardeshir sheth about it and he started getting uncredited small roles in silent films.

Imperial company decided to make a Talkie First time in India,mainly because of Dadasaheb Torne (Ramchandra Gopal Torne). It was he who prompted Irani to be the first in India to make a Talkie. Torne was his Manager for both Jyoti studio and Imperial Film Company. Torne was also an agent for Cinema Equipment imported from England and Germany. Torne imported Sound recording equipment and the company sent a German Engineer to explain and teach the technique to Indian technicians.

They first wanted to test the sound recording machine by recording and filming a song. Who would sing ? No one was ready to become the sacrificial goat. Irani saw Omkar and asked him to sing before the machine. A terrified Omkar lamely protested, but he had no choice. Ultimately he was ‘ made up’ and the recording and filming started. Omkar sang a Thumri, ‘ Pyare Rasia Bihari’. Everybody present, including Irani, were stunned with the sweet voice and the ease of his singing style. It came off extremely well. About 500 feet film was shot flawlessly. Irani was so much impressed, that he toyed with the idea of giving Omkar the first song in film Aalam Ara. Maya swiftly went to into action. Unfortunately the recording was not saved, otherwise it would have been the first film song to be filmed and Omkar the First ever singer actor to do so. But Alas ! This is called the stroke of misfortune ! Destiny had slated this honour for W.M.Khan.

Missing this chance, anyway, Omkar became an actor and singer. His first talkie film was Imperial’s ” Sati Anusuya “-33. He a sang 3 songs in film ” Noor E Imaan “-33, besides acting in it. Omkar acted in about 30 films in all. His last film was perhaps, Rangeeli-52. He sang 14 songs in 6 films. His last song came in today’s film Jagriti-49. Omkar was a regular actor in many Marathi films too.

Today’s song is sung by Freni Shroff and Yeshwant Bhatt. No information whatsoever is found about this singer Freni. A cursory look at HFGK indicates that possibly she sang only in this film.

YASHWANT BHATT was son of shri Nageshwar Bhatt. He was born at Madhavpur in Gujarat. Since his father was a singer of Haveli Sangeet, Yashwant started singing quite early. His first guru was Kashigar and later on it was Padubhai who actually developed Yashwant as a singer. He always gave credit to his guru Padubhai. Yashwant’s voice was very soft and sweet. It was ideal for singing emotional songs and Bhajans. He was an extremely good natured and helpful person. Soon his name became known for his sweet Bhajans.

He was ambitious to become a Play back singer in Hindi films. He came to Bombay at the age of 20 years. First he got opportunity to sing in chorus in the Circo production film songs. In 1941,he sang Bhajans on Mumbai Radio. Side by side he sang in Hindi films. In all he sang about 25 songs in 13 Hindi films. The films were Khooni Laash-43, Katil-44, Black and white-44, Royal Mail-46, Dhokhebaaz-46, Namak-47, Kismetwali-47, White face-48, Billi-49, Jiyo Raja-49, Jagriti-49, Veer Ghatotkach-49 and Actor -51.

Out of these 13 films, 9 films had music by K. Narayan Rao. Yashwant was his pet singer. Narayan Rao was mainly a composer for C grade and stunt films. His films never became famous, consequently Yashwant too was neglected and never came into limelight. Actually, with other composers, Yashwant had done duets with Naseem, Uma Devi, Sulochana Kadam, Kusum Mantri, Husn Bano, Leela Mehta, Sheela, Rohini Rai, Putlibai, Freni Shroff etc, but in spite of his sweet voice and good singing, he remained neglected by major composers. As a result he could not achieve much success in Hindi films.

This was compensated to a great extent by his Bhajan singing. He lost his father and had to return to Madhavpur. One Mr. Gijubhai was Assistant station Director of Rajkot Radio station. He invited Yashwant to sing bhajans on Rajkot radio. Soon his Bhajans became a rage and he became a very popular Prabhatiya singer. He mainly sang poems of Ganga Sati,Paan bhai and Narsi Mehta etc. He spent a long time singing bhajans. He was made an A class singer on Radio. His name was taken along with famous singers of Gujarat ,like Mohanlal Rayani, Kannubhai Barot, Dula Bhagat etc etc. Due to his good nature he got many friends here. One of them was Ratubhai Adani.

He also sang some songs in Gujarati films. Due to his hectic schedules, he neglected his health and contracted T.B. But he continued his work. when his condition became bad his friend Shri Ratubhai Adani admitted him to Keshod T.B.Hospital.

Yashwant Bhatt died of severe T.B. The news of his death on 27-10-1977 was a shock to his friends, relatives and Bhajan lovers of Gujarat.

His younger brother Harish Bhatt, who was an ardent fan of Saigal also tried to sing in Hindi films. I could trace only one of his songs in the film Kinara-1949. Yashwant Bhatt’s children also carried forward his singing legacy.

There were 9 songs in film Jagriti-49. One song is already discussed. There were all unknown singers like Omkar Devaskar, Lalita Rao, Sanjeevani Pai and Freni Shroff. only Yeshwant Bhatt was a known name. The song is better than average.

( I have used information from Music beyond boundaries by Ashok Ranade and Marathi Cinema in Retrospect by Sanjit Narwekar, MuVyz,HFGK and my own notes, for this write up.)


Song- Nayi nayi pehchaan re (Jaagriti)(1949) Singers- Freni Shroff, Yeshwant Bhatt, Lyrics-Indeewar, MD-K Narayan Rao
Both

Lyrics

ee ee ee
nayi nayi pehchaan re
nayi nayi pehchaan
ee ee ee
nayi nayi pehchaan re
nayi nayi pehchaan

jaan liya aankhon ne tumko
o o
o o o o
jaan liya aankhon ne tumko
dil hai abhi anjaaan
dil hai abhi anjaan
ee ee ee
nayi nayi pehchaan re
nayi nayi pehchaan
ee ee ee
nayi nayi pehchaan re
nayi nayi pehchaan

sama gaye nainon mein naina aa
nigaahon se mil gayin nigaahen aen
sama gaye nainon mein naina aa
nigaahon se mil gayin nigaahen
jaise milti hain do nadiya
jaise milti hain do nadiya
jaise milti hain do raahen
jaise milti hain do raahen

aen aen
aane lage armaan dilon mein
ban kar ke mehmaan
ee ee ee
nayi nayi pehchaan re ae
nayi nayi pehchaan

prem ke path mein bichhe huye hain aen
phool kahin pe
kahin pe kaanten ae

prem ke path pe bichhe huye hain
phool kahi pe
kahin pe kaante

dhoondh lo aisa jiwan sathi
dhoondh lo aisa

jiwan sathi
jo dukh kaate sukh ko baante
jo dukh kaate sukh ko baante

haan aan aan
preet nibhaana bada kathhin hai
hota na aasaan
ee ee ee
nayi nayi pehchaan re
nayi nayi pehchaan

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3829 Post No. : 14834

Today’s song is from the film Nai Duniya-42. The film was made by Circo productions of Chimanlal Trivedi and was directed by A R Kardar, with music by Naushad Ali.

Naushad was my favourite composer. Having come up from scratch to the zenith of popularity and fame, he had put in lot of hard work in early days of his career. Naushad may or may not be the best Composer the HFM ever had, but he certainly was a good example of Rags to Riches story of Filmy Duniya. He rose from the footpath and became one of the most successful composers ever in Hindi Films. Added to this was his good nature, Lucknowi Tahzib and hard work. This made him a man with least enemies ( competitors-yes, but enemies-No ) and on whose name alone films were sold during his peak period.

Naushad was the only composer on whom 6 Documentaries were made. A student Ms.Mala Sinha secured her Ph.D., making Naushad as a subject of her research. Starting with Rs.40 a month, Naushad was the First to demand and get Rs.ONE LAKH per film and was also the first composer to build his own Bungalow in a posh locality of Bombay with a Music room for doing rehearsals.

When he was on the Top, a trailer of film “Dastaan”-1950 featured Naushad on the screen showing crowds shouting ” 40 karod mein ek hi Naushad “. Such was his saleability that A R Kardar, who had always used Naushad for his own gains, was forced to make Naushad his partner in producing films under their banner ” Musical Pictures .

Naushad was undoubtedly the most successful composer HFM ever had. Out of the 65 films that he did in Hindi, 50% had celebrated jubilees. This is a record unmatched so far. His tally was 3 Diamond Jubilees ( Rattan, Baiju Bawra and Mughal-e-Azam ), 6 Golden Jubilees ( Mela, Andaz, Deedar, Aan, Mother India and Gunga Jamuna ) and 23 Silver Jubilees (Station master, Sharda, Namaste, Sanjog, Pehle aap, Kanoon, Keemat, Sanyasi, Anmol Ghadi, Shahjehan, Natak, Dard, Anokhi Ada, Dillagi, Dulari, Babul, Dastaan, Jadoo, Diwana, Udan Khatola, Kohinoor, Mere Mehboob and Ram aur Shyam ).

Naushad was the First winner of Filmfare Award in 1954 for a song in Baiju Bawra. The Award Ceremony was held in Broadway Theatre, Bombay. Ironically, it was bang opposite this Theatre that Naushad had spent his struggling days and Nights on the Footpath ! Naushad recieved several cherished Awards like Dadasaheb Phalke Award, Padma Bhushan, Lata Mangeshkar award, Maharashtra Bhooshan award, Sahitya and Natak Academy award, Saraswati Award, the IFJ and BFJ awards and scores of other awards.

His first 4 films ( Premnagar-40, Kanchan-41, Mala-41 and Darshan-41), however, were with unimpressive music. From the film Sharda-42, his Luck started changing and then there was no looking back at all for the next 25 successive years. This is exceptional talent and unbelievable Luck.

I see 2 reasons which made him successful. One was his hard work. He never ever compromised on rehearsals and however big the singer was (read Lata) he/she had to come to his Music room for rehearsals on a song for at least 7 to 8 days. He never recorded a song unless he was satisfied fully. Secondly, Naushad had tremendous faith and liking for Indian Classical music, which he used extensively in his songs. Almost all his songs had a classical base and he proved that classical music can be made entertaining for the masses, who could not make a difference between 2 Ragas, but would like his simple and hummable tunes. Very rarely his songs were difficult to hum or sing in the bathroom. He always selected singers based on their suitability for the songs.

After a draught of success, Naushad entered the year 1942. Nai Duniya was his 5th and final film before he began his Success Marathon of jubilees. Out of the 3 films in 1942, his other two films Sharda and Station Master celebrated Silver jubilees. It was only this film-Nai Duniya-which did not celebrate a Jubilee, but this film was no less important and it was a Milestone in the history of HFM.

It was in this film that noted actress singer Suraiyya sang her First recorded film song,as Baby Suraiya ( Boot karoon main polish). I have been seeing that there is a lot of confusion about the Debut song of Suraiya as a playback artiste.

Some people claim that the song ‘ Boot karun mai polish’ from film Nai Duniya-1942 is her first song as a Playback singer and some people claim that the song ‘ Panchhi jaa peechhe raha hai bachpan mera’ from film Sharda-1942 is her debut song as a playback singer.
Naushad himself,in one of the interviews , had said that the Nai Duniya song was her first recorded song as a playback singer.
However, Naushad saab is only partly correct. No doubt this song was recorded earlier ( No. N-26055) and the Sharda song was recorded later (No. N-26099).

Both the films were censored in 1942 only. However film Sharda was released first on 23-1-1943 at Minerva Talkies in Bombay, whereas Nai Duniya was released only on 24-4-1944 at Majestic Talkies in Bombay.

Therefore, the Debut song of Suraiya, as a Playback singer is undoubtedly the Sharda song,namely ‘ Panchhi jaa,peechhe raha”.
Only when a song is released on screen , it is called a Debut song, irrespective of when it was recorded.
The dictionary meaning of “to Debut” is- to perform in public for the first time. Since Sharda song was shown to public first, it becomes Suraiya’s Debut song as a Playback singer.

The song from Nai Duniya-“Boot karoon main polish” at best can be called as “the first recorded song for playback”. The Debut song ‘Panchhi jaa peechhe raha’ was posted by Atul ji on 21-2-2011 here.
( Release dates received with thanks from shri Harish Raghuwanshi ji)

This was also the first movie in which Kardar and Naushad came together. Kardar,in fact, was so much impressed with Naushad’s work style, that he decided to employ Naushad, in Kardar Productions ( which he was about to start soon), as a paid composer for Rs. 500 pm. Naushad,on his part, was very happy that he got into a job, which would ensure a sure income every month.

Later this pair gave film after films successfully. Naushad worked with Kardar for 14 films, excluding films made under the banner of Musical Pictures-in which Naushad was an equal partner with Kardar. Nai Duniya was a Circo production ( Cine Industries Recording Company, owned by Chimanlal Trivedi) and Kardar was only a Film Director for this company. Soon this Circo came up for sale. Kardar bought it to start his production company. He also established a studio in the premises. Kardar made a contract with Naushad for 5 years,but he was allowed to work outside,though the first priority would be Kardar films. Even otherwise also,Naushad restricted his films to 2 to 3 per year,as his style of working needed a long time for rehearsals.

Naushad became a household name all over India after Rattan-44 However he worked in 4 films that year (Rattan,Geet,Jeevan and Pehle Aap.) Similarly in 1949 also he did 4 films (Dillagi, Andaz,Chandni Raat and Dulari). He did only one film each in a few years like for instance- in 1940-Premnagar, 45-Sanyasi, 53-Udan Khatola, 57-Mother India, 58-Sohni Mahiwal, 61-Ganga Jamuna, 62-Son of India, 63-Mere Mehboob , 64- Leader and in 70- Ganwaar.

Nai Duniya-42 was the First ever film produced by Naushad. Later,of course, he made few more films,though he was never at ease as a Producer. For Nai Duniya-42, singer G M Durrani was his chief Musical Assistant. The film cast was Shobhana Samarth,Mazhar Khan, Jairaj, Wasti, Azurie, Jeevan, Ram Awtar etc. Not many readers may know much about old actor Mazhar Khan ( there was another Mazhar Khan in 70s/80s). He was one of the most versatile actors who shifted from Hero’s roles to character roles easily. In Hindi films, the name Khan has always been present in plenty. From Wazir Mohd.Khan of Alam Ara-1931 to Shahrukh Khan of today, there were more than 50 Khans acting in Hindi films.

Mazhar Khan was born in 1907 in the princely state of Dhar in M.P. After Matriculation, he joined Police force due to his build and height, but soon he was fed up and resigned. He straightaway headed for Bombay looking for work in films. Director Durga Prasad Mishra took him in Imperial studio and he did about 19 Silent films starting with Challenge-1929. When Talkie films started, he went to Calcutta, joined New Theatres and worked with K L Saigal in ‘Subah ka Sitara’-1932. For East India Film co.,he did ‘ Ek din ka Baadshah-33’and Raat ka raja-34 in which he did 8 roles in the film. After a few more films, he returned to Bombay and worked in Ranjit and Minerva Movitone films. His career best role came in 1941 in Shantaram’s Padosi, in which he did the famous role of Hindu Friend Thakur, while Gajanan Jagirdar did the role of his Muslim friend. In the prevailing tense communal atmosphere in the country those days,this film was hailed as a milestone depicting life long friendship of a Hindu and a Muslim.

In 1942, he turned Director and did Meri Duniya-42, Yaad-42, Badi Baat-44, Pehli Nazar-45, Dil ki Duniya-49 etc. His noteworthy films were Noorjehan-32, Bharosa-40, Padosi-41 and Ulzan-42. This role was that of a Blind singer-like K C Dey. His last film was Usha Kiran-52. He died on 24-9-1950, before its release.

When you hear today’s song, first time after 1940,you will find that there is melody and Taal in this song. As if there was a transformation, from 1942 onwards, Naushad’s music underwent a sea change. No wonder,in those days people found these songs had easy tunes and a certain melody in them. Naushad’s journey towards success and popularity began with 1942 films.

Film Nai Duniya had 11 songs. 8 songs are already discussed here. Today’s song is the 9th song. This film had 3 songs exclusively by chorus. This was something most unlike Naushad’s style seen in later years. Naushad would have songs sung by 2-3 or even 4 singers( as in Mother India-57) at a time ,but at no time were there any chorus songs in his films exclusively. May be in this film he tried to emulate Anil Biswas who had a penchant for chorus songs in his films. In one of my earlier posts, I have discussed about the chorus songs of Anil Biswas. After this film,something happened to Naushad and suddenly from his next film Sharda-42, he started giving Hit films. These are some of the unexplained wonders of Hindi films. Here is the song….


Song-Bolo chhoom chhananan chhananan chhai (Nai Duniya)(1942) Singer-Male Voice 1, Male Voice 2, Male Voice 3, Male Voice 4, Male Voice 5, Lyrics-A Shah Aziz, MD-Naushad
Chorus

Lyrics

bolo chhoom chhananananana chhai
bolo chhoom chhananananana chhai
chhachhachhai chhachhachhai chhachhachhai
chhachhachhai chhachhachhai chhachhachhai
chhai
hamen bhaabhi ji aa ko mil gayi chhachhachhai
hamen bhaabhi ji aa ko mil gayi chhachhachhai
bolo chhoom chhananananana chhai
bolo chhoom chhananananana chhai

ab aayegi roz mithhaai re sajanwa
aayegi roz mithhaai
hum khaayenge prem se bhaai
hum khaayenge prem se bhaai
kaho maine ye kaisi baat kahi
kaho maine ye kaisi baat kahi
o bolo chhoom chhananananana chhai
chhachhachhai chhachhachhai chhachhachhai
chhai
hamen bhaabhi ji aa ko mil gayi chhachhachhai
bolo chhoom chhananananana chhai

bhabhi apni chhe sudar naari
ji waa waah
bhabhi apni chhe sundar naari
teri soorat chhe ghani pyaari
teri soorat chhe ghani pyaari
ta’ta thai ta’ta thhai ta’ta’ta’ta’ta’ta’thai
ta’ta thai ta’ta thhai ta’ta’ta’ta’ta’ta’thai
bolo chhoom chhananananana chhai
chhachhachhai chhachhachhai chhachhachhai
chhai
hamen bhaabhi ji aa ko mil gayi
bolo chhoom chhananananana chhai

jab petha patise aayenga
o dear jab petha patise aayenga
well hum bhi to khoob khaayenga
well hum bhi to khoob khaayenga
haa haha haaha haha hahahai
haa haha haaha haha hahahai
bolo chhoom chhananananana chhai
chhachhachhai chhachhachhai chhachhachhai
chhai
hamen bhaabhi ji aa ko mil gayi
bolo chhoom chhananananana chhai

garma garam jalebiyaan makhaane ni je bindiye
garam jalebiyaan makhaane
asi khaawaange hun rabb jaane
asi khaawaange hun rabb jaane
agey mildi si saanu roti bai
agey mildi si saanu roti bai
bolo chhoom chhananananana chhai
chhachhachhai chhachhachhai chhachhachhai
chhai
hamen bhaabhi ji aa ko mil gayi
bolo chhoom chhananananana chhai

o bhai achha achha hai ye mera baani bakhaana
bhai achha achha hai ye mera baani
bhabhi mila hai ati lasaani
bhabhi mila hai ati lasaani
puiyo puiyo
khaana puiyo
khaana puiyo
khaana pui
puiyo puiyo
khaana puiyo
khaana puiyo
khaana pui
bolo chhoom chhanananana chhai
chhachhachhai chhachhachhai chhachhachhai
chhai
hamen bhaabhi ji aa ko mil gayi chhachhachhai
hamen bhaabhi ji aa ko mil gayi chhachhachhai
bolo chhoom chhananananana chhai
bolo chhoom chhananananana chhaee..ee. . .

———————————————————
Hindi Script Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई
बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई
छ छ छई छ छ छई छ छ छई
छ छ छई छ छ छई छ छ छई
छई
हमें भाभी जी आ को मिल गई छ छ छई
हमें भाभी जी आ को मिल गई छ छ छई
बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई
बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई

अब आएगी रोज़ मिठाई रे सजनवा
आएगी रोज़ मिठाई
हम खाएँगे प्रेम से भाई
हम खाएँगे प्रेम से भाई
कहो मैंने ये कैसी बात कही
कहो मैंने ये कैसी बात कही
ओ बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई
छ छ छई छ छ छई छ छ छई
छई
हमें भाभी जी आ को मिल गई छ छ छई
बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई

भाभी अपनी छे सुंदर नारी जी वाह वाह
भाभी अपनी छे सुंदर नारी
तेरी सूरत छे घणी प्यारी
तेरी सूरत छे घणी प्यारी
त त थई त त थई त त त त त त थई
त त थई त त थई त त त त त त थई
बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई
छ छ छई छ छ छई छ छ छई
छई
हमें भाभी जी आ को मिल गई छ छ छई
बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई

जब पेठा पतीसे आएंगा
ओ डीयर जब पेठा पतीसे आएंगा
वैल हम भी तो खूब खाएंगा
वैल हम भी तो खूब खाएंगा
हा ह ह हा ह ह ह ह ह हई
हा ह ह हा ह ह ह ह ह हई
बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई
छ छ छई छ छ छई छ छ छई
छई
हमें भाभी जी आ को मिल गई छ छ छई
बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई

गरमा गरम जलेबियाँ मखाने नि जे बिंदिए
गरम जलेबियाँ मखाने
असी खवाङ्गे हूण रब्ब जाने
असी खवाङ्गे हूण रब्ब जाने
अग्गे मिल्दी सी सानु रोटी बई
अग्गे मिल्दी सी सानु रोटी बई
बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई
छ छ छई छ छ छई छ छ छई
छई
हमें भाभी जी आ को मिल गई छ छ छई
बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई

आ भाई अच्छा अच्छा है ये मेरा बाणी बखाना
भाई अच्छा अच्छा है ये मेरा बाणी
भाभी मिला है अति लासानी
भाभी मिला है अति लासानी
पुईओ पुईओ
खाना पुईओ
खाना पुईओ
खाना पुई
पुईओ पुईओ
खाना पुईओ
खाना पुईओ
खाना पुई
बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई
छ छ छई छ छ छई छ छ छई
छई
हमें भाभी जी आ को मिल गई छ छ छई
हमें भाभी जी आ को मिल गई छ छ छई
बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई
बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई॰॰ई॰ ॰ ॰



This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3828 Post No. : 14833

Today’s song is from film Hum kisi se kam nahin-77, made under the banner of Nasir Hussain films.

This is the 3rd consecutive song from the 70s that I am discussing. Do not wonder whether I have shifted sides- from writing on films of 30s and 40s to the 70s. Possibly, for the time being, this is the last one from this period. Actually, I have nothing against the musical or film aspect of the period 70s and beyond. It is only that, mostly they are not of my likings. Of course, I have always said that , ” Everything that was made before 70s was not all good, as much as everything made after 70s was not bad either.”

Good or bad depends upon the personal perceptions, because these are opinions. If you measure them on a scale- like say-durability, then it is measurable and no one can deny the durability quotient of old songs vis-a- vis songs after 70s. A lot can be said on this issue, but not today and not here. Anyway, to each his own !

Why do people like a movie ? If the correct answer was known to anybody, he would be a Trillionnaire in no time ! However, when this question is asked to a common man on the street, the answers one would get would be 1. Story is good. 2. Acting is good. 3. Music is good. 4. I like this Hero/Heroine and many such explanations. My observation is that Music and Songs is one major reason for a movie to be popular and successful. There are many examples like Albela-51, Baiju Bawra-52, Anarkali-53, almost all films of Saigal, most Noorjehan and Suraiya films and most films made by Producer, Director and Writer Nasir Hussain.

Nasir Hussain probably had received from God, the formula for successful films-for a short term use. Out of his 13 films, first 10 were hit films- primarily due to Romance and excellent music. It is said that being a script and story writer himself he used one story for all his films-with some variations, of course- and the time he changed the story his films became a flop. Shammi kapoor, whose sinking career took up turn because of the Nasir Hussain film ” Tumsa nahin dekha”-57, had once said, ” we have heard stories of Marwadis coming here with just one Lota and building empires. Here was a man who used one story for his films for 30 years and succeeded !”

Mohammed Nasir Hussain Khan aka Nasir Hussain was born on 2-2-1931 ( wiki says it is 16-11-1926) in Bhopal.His family was related to Maulana Abul Kalam Azaad. While studying in Lucknow University, he wrote several dramas for A.I.R., Lucknow. He even got First prize for 2 consecutive years in the University writing competition .( one of these stories were used to make film ‘ Baharon ke Sapne’). In 1948, he came to Bombay and joined Filmistan.

His first story was for film Shabnam-49, jointly with Qamar Jalalabadi. Independently he wrote story/screenplay/dialogues for Shabistan-51, Anarkali-53, Shart-54, Munimji-55 and Paying Guest-57. Then he wrote Tumsa Nahin Dekha and insisted to direct the film himself. Tolaram Jalan, the owner of Filmistan was not ready to give it to a New director, but when NH threatened to quit, he relented unwillingly but cut the film’s budget. Nasir took Shammi Kapoor ( who had given 9 flops in a row) and new comer Ameeta and made the low budget film Tumsa Nahin Dekha-57.

When Tolaram Jalan saw the film, he was not happy at all,but the film celebrated Jubilees in 30 cities in India. Nasir Hussain got Rs. 10000/- for the story and his salary for 8 months, Rs.8000/- a total of Rs 18000 for this successful film ! When his mentor Shashdhar Mukherjee left Filmistan, to start his own ‘ Filmalaya Studios’, Nasir also left. For this new company. he made Dil Deke Dekho- 59, introducing Asha parekh as New Heroine. The film was a Hit , but he got only Rs. 25000- . Nasir decided that only his own company can give him more money.

With just Rs. 10,000/- in pocket he established his own Nasir Hussain Films Ltd. and made ‘ Jab pyar kisise hota hai-61. Another Hit. Then he made Phir wohi dil laya hoon-63, Teesri manzil-66. Baharon ke sapne-67, Pyar ka Mausam-69, Carvan-71, Yadon ki baraat-73 and Hum kisise kam nahin-77.

For film Teesri manzil-66, the film started with Dev Anand as the Hero. After 2 reels’ shooting, Dev had some differences and he left the film. Shammi Kapoor was roped in. The film was directed by Vijay Anand and for the first time R D Burman was taken for providing Music. Later on Nasir Hussain, Majrooh Sultanpuri and RD Burman collaborated for another 5 films.R D Burman continued till 1985, doing in all 9 films for Nasir Hussain.

After his films in 1981,84 and 85 flopped serially, Nasir Hussain stopped direction and wrote screen play and dialogues for Qayamat se Qayamat taq-88 and Jo Jeeta Wohi Sikandar-92. His nephew Amir Khan was launched in these films. Nasir Hussain died on 13-3-2002 after a Heart attack.

Actors Asha Parekh, Rajendra Nath , Sidhu, Malika and Krishan Mehta owe their career to Nasir Hussain. Shammi Kapoor ,a struggling actor was given a new identity by him & thanks to him, Shammi Kapoor reached at the pinnacle of popularity. Even Amita became a hit property overnight by the success of Tum Sa Nahin Dekha,

While he encouraged new comers, he did not forget the veteran actors ,who had passed their prime . Late B M Vyas ,who was getting roles only in period/religious/Arabian Night movies was chosen by Nasir Hussain for an important role in main stream movie Tum Sa Nahin Dekha. Old timer Wasti ,who regaled the audiences with his natural acting in Sanjog , Rattan, Pugree made in forties and many Punjabi & Hindi movies later on , was passing through a bad phase . Nasir honored him by offering the roles of substance in Dil Deke Dekho,Jab Pyar Kisi Se Hota Hai & Phir Wohi Dil Laya Hoon. He rekindled the fond memories of the forties ,when he signed actors of proven caliber like Rajinder Singh, Mubarak, Kanu Roy, Raj Mehra ,Mumtaz Ali , Surendra Nath & many more . Here I’ll specifically mention the name of Nasir Khan & Bharat Bhushan ,who were passing through the most difficult phase of their lives . The benign film maker Nasir took them in his movies Yaadon Ki Baraat & Pyar Ka Mausam respectively ,just to assure them that they have not been forgotten and the industry recognizes their contribution . It is my strong belief that it was the blessings of those grateful old timer actors ,which made Nasir Hussain so prosperous and successful.

Nasir Hussain had that typical story formula in most of his films of “overhearing” ! In Tumsa Nahi Dekha, Pran overhears about Shammi Kapoor arriving & after stealing Shammi Kapoor’s recommendation letter, introduces himself as Shankar (Shammi Kapoor) . In Dil Deke Dekho, JPKSHH & Pyar Ka Mausam, the heroes concerned, overhear the heroine speaking about a comedian’s arriving (mostly as a marriage candidate) & after packing the comedian back,the hero banks on the name of the comedian. In Teesri Manzil, Shammi Kapoor overhears Asha Parekh speak, that she has come there to take revenge on himself (Rocky) and implies to Asha & her friends that he is different person named Anil Kumar Sona .
Even though with this common formula in most of his films , all his movies did well at the theatre on the basis of good songs & music !

There was a letter from a reader, in Filmfare, which stated thus, ” It is not at all important to pay attention to that so-called Hindi movie critic group who always referred and called Nasir Hussain as man of the movie with Escapism themes all the time to make his movie at box office hit. Working men need to have some kind of entertainment after spending hours and hours in heaps of works and concerned chores. Naturally there grows the tendency to escape from daily reality by engaging in daydreaming, fantasy….and there comes Nasir Hussain with this magical stick plus his established style of screenplay writing and later directing evergreen chocolate hero viz. Dev Anand…rebellious Shammi Kapoor…smiling Joy Mukherjee….charming Shashi Kapoor….handsome Jeetendra….and there was all time beautiful dancing lady ever present in her gorgeous smile…Asha Parekh who worked with these heroes with her fresh enthusiasm. What else an ordinary cine goer wish to have while spending his money for a ticket at window ? Apart from main hero and heroine there were devoted character actors playing various parts . ”

The Hero of the film Hum kisise kam nahin-77 was Rishi Kapoor, born on 4-9-1952. His first entry through Mera Naam Joker-70 fetched him a Film fare award. His debut as a Hero in Bobby-73 also brought him an award from filmfare. He is one actor who is popular even after he retired from films-not fully though. A film The Body-2019, was just released last week, directed by Jitu Joseph.His son Ranbir Kapoor is carrying the Kapoor mantle very ably.

Rishi Kapoor aka Chintoo has some different records on his name. He is the only actor having had 45 different heroines with whom he was cast. He also worked with 20 New entrant Heroines in their Debut films. He was Hero to seniors like Shabana Azmi, Rekha, Rakhee and Hema ( she was launched by his father), then with Madhuri, Shridevi, Tina Munim and Raveena Tandon. He worked with Simi Garewal in film Karz-1980, after his first film Mera Naam Joker-70. Some of his New heroines were Dimple, Kajal Kiran, Bhavna Bhatt, Ashwini Bhave, Radhika, Farah, Vinita, Zeba, Divya, Naseem, Rukhsaar etc etc. He acted in 162 films and also directed 1 film-Aa ab laut chale-99. He lent his voice in 7 songs in 6 films.

Today’s song is a copy of the famous Abba song ” Mama Mia”. So be it, seeing the youthful Rishi and Kajal Kiran singing and dancing is a real treat, in this video. Enjoy….
( For this article I have used information from Yadon ki Baraat by S Kanekar, The Hindu, wiki, MuVyz, HFGK, article by M N Sardana ji in woh din yaad karo and my notes)


Song- Mil gaya hum ko saathi mil gaya (Ham Kisi Se Kam Nahin)(1977) Singers- Asha Bhonsle, Kishore Kumar, Lyrics- Majrooh Sultanpuri, MD- R D Burman
Chorus

Lyrics

mil gaya
hum ko saathi mil gaya
hum se gar koi jal gaya
wu wu
jalne de
wu wu
jalne de
chal gaya
pyaar ka jaadu chal gaya
hum se gar koi jal gaya
wu wu
jalne de
wu wu
jalne de

tere liye
zamaana tere liye
aur tu mere liye
tere liye
zamaana tere liye
aur tu mere liye

mil gaya
humko saathi mil gaya
hum se gar koi jal gaya

wu wu
jalne de
wu wu
jalne de

tere liye
zamaana tere liye
aur tu mere liye

tere liye
zamaana tere liye
aur tu mere liye

haa

ae haa

hey

ae haa

haa

turuturututu
ha
turuturututu
ha
turuturututu
ha
turuturututu

wow beauty


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3825 Post No. : 14829

Wonder pe Thunder !

Today’s song is from film ‘Hare Rama Hare Krishna’ (1971). When I found that this very popular and famous song of the early 70s was yet to be covered in the blog, my first reaction was to disbelieve it. I was almost sure that there was some mistake. I scanned the entire ‘H’ alphabet film list, bur could not see this song under any heading. Then I checked the year wise and MD wise lists – with same result. I was wondering how this song has escaped from the keen eyes of our contributors, who are specialists in the songs of the 70s ! At the end of it, I even checked with Atul ji, who confirmed that the song, indeed, was yet to be covered by us. This was a bonanza for me.

This is one of the songs of RD Burman, which I liked very much. Comparatively, he was one of the new composers in those times – in my opinion – though he had already done about 40 films before ‘Hare Rama Hare Krishna’ (HRHK). In last few years I had liked few songs from his earlier films like ‘Parichay’ (1972), ‘Seeta aur Geeta’ (1972), ‘Caravan’ (1971), ‘Kati Patang’ (1970) and ‘Teesri Manzil’ (1966). However, he suffered in my hands, due to my biased view of film songs of the period of 70s and beyond and except few more songs of RD Burman, I never liked his music, which in general I felt, was too loud and mostly copied from other sources (see several U-Tube videos on this issue, as a proof). However, I concede that he was a worthy son of a worthy composer compared to some other composer-son composers and that his music was much better than theirs and that he lasted for a longer period, cut short only by his sudden death in 1994, at the age of 55 years.

Today’s song is sung by Asha Bhosle and chorus and its video shows that it was sung on screen by a Hippie Girl (Zeenat Aman) amidst a smoking Hippie crowd. Somewhere in the year 1966, I had visited Goa (Panaji) to participate in a conference. During my visit, we had 2 free days and we roamed around the beautiful beaches of Goa. Goa had been liberated from the Portuguese about 6 years back and the Indian tourists did not have enough time yet to spoil the beaches and cities of Goa. So we could really enjoy our trip. During our beach visits we saw many Hippie groups, behaving in a ‘who cares’ attitude on the beaches. No wonder, many of my colleagues took their photographs to show in their respective private circles. That was a time when the Hippie culture had spread around the world.

Hippie (also spelled hippy) people were members of a counter cultural movement during the 1960s and 1970s, that rejected the mores of mainstream American life. The movement originated on college campuses in the United States, and also spread to other countries. Hippies felt alienated from middle-class society, which they saw as dominated by materialism and repression, and they developed their own distinctive lifestyle. They favoured long hair and casual, often unconventional, attire, sometimes in ‘psychedelic’ colours.

Many males grew beards, and both men and women wore sandals and beads. Long flowing granny dresses were popular with women, and rimless granny glasses with both men and women. Hippies commonly took up communal or cooperative living arrangements, and they often adopted vegetarian diets based on unprocessed foods and practiced holistic medicine. Hippies tended to be dropouts from society, foregoing regular jobs and careers, although some developed small businesses that catered to other hippies.

Hippies advocated non-violence and love, a popular phrase being “Make love, not war,” for which they were sometimes called ‘flower children’. They promoted openness and tolerance as alternatives to the restrictions and regimentation they saw in the middle-class society. Hippies often practiced open sexual relationships and lived in various types of family groups. They commonly sought spiritual guidance from sources outside the Judeo-Christian tradition, particularly Buddhism and other Eastern religions. Hippies promoted the recreational use of hallucinogenic drugs, particularly marijuana and LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide), in so-called head trips, justifying the practice as a way of expanding consciousness.

By the mid-1970s the movement had waned, and by the 1980s hippies had given way to a new generation of young people who were intent on making careers for themselves in business and who came to be known as yuppies (young urban professionals). Nonetheless, hippies continued to have an influence on the wider culture, seen, for example, in more relaxed attitudes toward sex, in the new concern for the environment, and in a widespread lessening of formality.

Film HRHK was Dev Anand’s idea. Initially, he wanted Zahida to become its Heroine. She, however rejected the offer when she learnt that in the film, she would be Dev’s sister – Jasbir. Dev Anand also wanted SD Burman to do the music. When Dada heard the original story, in which Zeenat falls in love with Dev, not knowing that he was her brother, Dada flatly refused the film and also advised Dev to change the story, as Indian public would be averse to an incest story. Eventually RD Burman was selected as MD.

Similarly, this song – “Dum Maaro Dum” was originally to be a duet of Usha Uthup and Lata Mangeshkar. Possibly Asha Bhosle, who was on the verge of leaving OPN and joining RD Burman (who had applied for a divorce with Rita –  his wife) scuttled the plan and the song came to Asha as a solo and another duet with usha Uthup. RD burman then changed the whole tune of the song, using Asha’s skill of singing in higher pitches.

All songs of this film became popular, especially “Phoolon Ka Taaron Ka Sabka Kehna Hai” and “Dum Maaro Dum” were heard everywhere. The lyrics of the song “Dum Maaro Dum” were very apt to indicate and describe the philosophy and frustration of the younger generation in that period –

duniya ne hum ko diya kya
duniya se hum ne liya kya
hum sab ki parvah karen kyun
sabne hamara kiya kya

All this clearly indicated what was eating the minds of young people.

Fortunately, 70s was the period when the Hippie culture was on decline worldwide. As such, this type of philosophy and such cult did not fit into the Indian mind set in any case. Therefore, this culture did not grow much here and had a natural end – like everywhere else in the world.

Two interesting anecdotes about this film. One, Dev Anand in his autobiography -“Romancing With Life “, published in 2007, had confessed that during this film, he had fallen in love with Zeenat. He was to make a confession to her, when he learnt that she had gone very close to Raj Kapoor. In one party, he also saw Raj kapoor hugging Zeenat and she was responding to him. Dev was disillusioned. He knew that Zeenat was keen to work in RK’s film ‘Satyam Shivam Sundaram’, and that all this was due to that only. He simply removed her thought from his mind.

Second is about the Burmans. In the program ‘Phool Khile Hain Gulshan Gulshan’, Pancham narrated that – “Papa used to go for morning walk everyday in Juhu. People recognised him and would say, look, SD Burman is going. One day he came back very excited. He told me, today people recognised me and said, Look RD Burman’s father is going. Papa was proud of me that my music in HRHK was famous and popular.”

Nandu Chawathe- a leading fiddler and violinist was associated with Pancham in those days. This person – Nandu Chawathe, was a guest in one of our get togethers of Atulites in Mumbai, thanks to one of our members Nitin ji Shah. He had played some songs on his violin in that meeting,  Chawathe says that Dev Anand was very much upset, when Asha replaced Lata and Pancham took time to compose the new tune for Asha Bhosle. The final product, however, pleased Dev Anand.

The story of the film, as given in wiki, is –

In the background of the rise of the International Hare Krishna movement in the 1970s, is a Montreal-based family of the Jaiswals, consisting of mom, dad, son, Prashant, and daughter, Jasbir. Due to differences, Mr and Mrs Jaiswal separate, leaving Jasbir with dad, and Prashant with his mom. Eventually Prashant and his mom travel to India, leaving father and daughter behind in Montreal. Mr. Jaiswal remarries, and brings his new wife to live in his home. Jasbir is told by her nanny that her mother & brother are dead. Back in India Prashant is sent to a boarding school and his father makes sure that none of Prashant’s letters reach Jasbir, so that it would be easy on her part to get over emotional trauma. Jasbir is upset with her inconsiderate step-mother and ignorant father who is deeply immersed in his business.

Years later, Prashant has grown up to be a pilot. He has received a letter from his dad that Jasbir, who had rebelled and left home, is now located in Kathmandu, Nepal, with a group of hippies. Prashant decides to find his sister and hopefully get her back to the family. When Prashant lands in Kathmandu he does not find Jasbir, but instead finds Janice, who is indeed his sister with a new name. Janice has no recollection of her childhood, and is always in the company of hippies spending most of her time consuming alcohol & drugs with them.

Janice lives with the hippies in the property rented out by local landlord Drona. Drona’s real business is stealing ancient artifacts from Kathmandu and selling it to foreign nationals. Michael, one of the hippies, is the one who does all the dirty work for him. Janice’s boyfriend Deepak misunderstands that Prashant is trying to woo Janice, hence they exchange a few blows every time they meet. Meanwhile, Drona has an eye on Shanti, a local salesgirl working in one of the shops owned by him. Shanti has feelings for Prashant which creates one more enemy for him. Later Prashant and Shanti elope and get married. At the same time a precious idol is stolen from local temple by Michael, which he hides in Janice’s house. Prashant secretly observes all this. Drona tries to frame Shanti for theft by secretly planting another stolen artifact in her house. Later he spreads the word that since the day Prashant has arrived idols are being stolen and he is stalking local girls.

The police commissioner is a friend of Prashant’s father, and has already received a letter stating the purpose of Prashant’s visit to Kathmandu. He suspects that Drona is trying to frame Prashant because he has married Shanti. He gets a search warrant for the entire property of Drona and recovers a diary which has contact details of his friends abroad who help him sell the stolen artifacts. The police also recover the stolen artifact from Shanti’s home, squarely blaming Prashant for it. Shanti is deeply hurt by this and looks around for Prashant. Prashant meanwhile is with Janice, trying to convince her that he is her brother, who she had been told dead long back. Michael overhears the conversation & conspires to put the blame on the brother-sister duo. Taking advantage of the situation Drona and Michael instigate the locals against Prashant by framing him for the theft and duping Shanti under pretext of marriage. The hippies and the locals are now ready to bash Prashant the moment they come across him.

When Prashant again tries to meet Janice, the hippies give him a solid thrashing. The police commissioner intervenes and Prashant is saved. At the same time the true face of Drona is uncovered and he meets his end trying to run away from police. Janice sees that both her parents have arrived to meet her and realizes that Prashant is indeed her brother. Janice is deeply hurt that her parents had to see her in this state. She runs away from them and commits suicide. In her suicide note she tells Prashant how deeply she loved him and she never intended him to find her in this state and suicide was the only way out for her.

‘Hare Rama Hare Krishna’ (released on 9-12-1971) was a Landmark film for Navketan – a film production company, which could boast of a world record (yet unbeaten) that the company was run for 62 years by the same person who established it in 1949 ! The cult song “Dum Maaro Dum” became so popular that no function was complete without this song for the next 10 years! Enjoy this song here today…..

[Author’s Note: The article uses information from books ‘Gaata Rahe Mera Dil’ and ‘Music Beyond Boundaries’, Wiki, The Hindu and my notes].

Video (Partial)

Audio (Complete)

Song – Dum Maro Dum, Mit Jaayen Gham  (Hare Rama Hare Krishna) (1971) Singer – Asha Bhosle, Lyrics – Anand Bakshi, Music – RD Burman
Female Chorus
Male Chorus

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

hush..shh..shh..shh

dum maaro dum..mm..mmaaaa
mit jaaye gham..mm..mmaaaa
bolo subah shaa..aam
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram

dum maaro dum..mm..mmaaaa
mit jaaye gham..mm..mmaaaa
bolo subah shaa..aam
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram

pa..aa pa ra pa pa tu tu tu
aa..aa ee..ee
ta raa ta raa ta raa ta raa raa..aa

duniya ne hum ko diya kya
duniya se hum ne liya kya
hum sab ki parvah karen kyon
sab ne hamaara kiya kya
duniya ne hum ko diya kya
duniya se hum ne liya kya
hum sab ki parvah karen kyon
sab ne hamaara kiya kya

aaaa aaaa aaaa aaaa

dum maaro dum..mm..mmaaaa
mit jaayen gham..mm..mmaaaa
bolo subah shaa..aam
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram

hush..shh..shh..shh

dum maaro dum..mm..mmaaaa
mit jaaye gham..mm..mmaaaa
bolo subah shaa..aam
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram

chaahe jiyenge marenge
hum na kisi se darenge
hum ko na roke zamaana
jo chaahenge hum karenge

aaaa aaaa aaaa aaaa

dum maaro dum..mm..mmaaaa
mit jaayen gham..mm..mmaaaa
bolo subah shaa..aam
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-
हश॰॰शश॰॰शश॰॰शश

दम मारो दम॰॰मम्म॰॰मम्मआ॰॰आ
मिट जाएँ ग़म॰॰मम्म॰॰मम्मआ॰॰आ
बोलो सुबह शा॰॰आम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम

दम मारो दम॰॰मम्म॰॰मम्मआ॰॰आ
मिट जाएँ ग़म॰॰मम्म॰॰मम्मआ॰॰आ
बोलो सुबह शा॰॰आम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम

पा॰॰आ प र पा पा तु तु तु
आ॰॰आ ई॰॰ई
त रा त रा त रा त रा रा॰॰आ

दुनिया ने हमको दिया क्या
दुनिया से हमने लिया क्या
हम सबकी परवाह करें क्यों
सब ने हमारा किया क्या

आ॰॰ आ॰॰ आ॰॰ आ॰॰

दम मारो दम॰॰मम्म॰॰मम्मआ॰॰आ
मिट जाएँ ग़म॰॰मम्म॰॰मम्मआ॰॰आ
बोलो सुबह शा॰॰आम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम

हश॰॰शश॰॰शश॰॰शश

दम मारो दम॰॰मम्म॰॰मम्मआ॰॰आ
मिट जाएँ ग़म॰॰मम्म॰॰मम्मआ॰॰आ
बोलो सुबह शा॰॰आम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम

चाहे जिएंगे मरेंगे
हम ना किसी से डरेंगे
हमको ना रोके ज़माना
जो चाहेंगे हम करेंगे

आ॰॰ आ॰॰ आ॰॰ आ॰॰

दम मारो दम॰॰मम्म॰॰मम्मआ॰॰आ
मिट जाएँ ग़म॰॰मम्म॰॰मम्मआ॰॰आ
बोलो सुबह शा॰॰आम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3823 Post No. : 14825 Movie Count :

4054

Today’s song is from film Manthan-76. This was one of the films, which was very close to my heart. I must have seen it at least 3 times-an honour which I bestowed on only few films. Everything about this film was good-Story, Director, Actors and above all the only song in the film, sung so beautifully by Preeti Sagar.

This film was based on the work of Dr. Verghese Kurien, the person who helped the White Revolution to bloom in India. This film is close to my heart, because I have met Dr Kurien twice in my professional career. While working as the Head of the Veterinary Division of Glaxo, for the Western India, I had two occasions when I personally met Dr. Kurien in his office at Anand. That was somewhere in 1981.

I reduced seeing films in the 70’s beginning, for two reasons. One I was busy in Career building and family raising. The second reason was, the complexion of the films made from the 70s onwards were mostly ‘ Boy Meets Girl ‘ type escapist films.The films had sweet looking Heroines and Chocolate Heroes. There was no difference in film stories- only change of names and locations. Directors like Nasir Hussain publically admitted to having made films on same stories with minor changes. Such escapist films ended my interest in them In addition, the type of music in films was not of my choice or liking.

just imagine. a Chocolate Hero- Rajesh Khanna-emerged on the success horizon with film Aaradhana-69 and created an all time record( still unbroken) of 15 consecutive solo Hit films from just 1969 to 1971 ! The public too wanted to only the goody-goody films. Of course, there were exceptions but only exceptions, mind you, in Hindi films.
During this period, films called ” Parallel Cinema” or ” New Wave Cinema” or just the ” Art Films” flourished and provided relief to people like me. Some of these were blatant Art films, but most were entertaining and tackled day to day issues of the common people.

Parallel cinema was a film movement in Indian cinema that originated in the state of West Bengal in the 1950s as an alternative to the mainstream commercial Indian cinema, represented especially by popular Hindi cinema, known today as Bollywood.

Inspired by Italian Neo realism, Parallel Cinema began just before the French New Wave and Japanese New Wave, and was a precursor to the Indian New Wave of the 1960s. The movement was initially led by Bengali cinema and produced internationally acclaimed filmmakers such as Satyajit Ray, Mrinal Sen, Ritwik Ghatak, Tapan Sinha and others. It later gained prominence in other film industries of India and Bangladesh.

It is known for its serious content, realism and naturalism, symbolic elements with a keen eye on the sociopolitical climate of the times, and for the rejection of inserted dance-and-song routines that are typical of mainstream Indian films.

Realism in Indian cinema dates back to the 1920s and 1930s. One of the earliest examples was Baburao Painter’s 1925 silent film classic Savkari Pash (Indian Shylock), about a poor peasant (portrayed by V. Shantaram) who “loses his land to a greedy moneylender and is forced to migrate to the city to become a mill worker. Acclaimed as a realistic breakthrough, its shot of a howling dog near a hut, has become a milestone in the march of Indian cinema.” The 1937 Shantaram film Duniya Na Mane (The Unaccepted) also critiqued the treatment of women in Indian society.

The Parallel Cinema movement began to take shape from the late 1940s to the 1965, by pioneers. This period is considered part of the ‘Golden Age’ of Indian cinema. This cinema borrowed heavily from the Indian literature of the times.

Early examples of Indian cinema’s social realist movement include Dharti Ke Lal (1946), a film about the Bengal famine of 1943 directed and written by Khwaja Ahmad Abbas, and Neecha Nagar (1946), a film directed by Chetan Anand and written by Khwaja Ahmad Abbas that won the Grand Prize at the first Cannes Film Festival. Since then, Indian independent films were frequently in competition for the Palme d’Or at the Cannes Film Festival throughout the 1950s and early 1960s, with some of them winning major prizes at the festival.

During the 1950s and the 1960s, intellectual filmmakers and story writers became frustrated with musical films. To counter this, they created a genre of films which depicted reality from an artful perspective. Most films made during this period were funded by state governments to promote an authentic art genre from the Indian film fraternity. The most famous Indian “neo-realist” was the Bengali film director Satyajit Ray. Ray’s most famous films were Pather Panchali (1955), Aparajito (1956) and The World of Apu (1959), which formed The Apu Trilogy. Produced on a shoestring budget of Rs. 150,000 , the three films won major prizes at the Cannes, Berlin and Venice Film Festivals, and are today frequently listed among the greatest films of all time.

Certain art films have also garnered commercial success, in an industry known for its surrealism or ‘fantastical’ movies, and successfully combined features of both art and commercial cinema. An early example of this was Bimal Roy’s Do Bigha Zamin (1953), which was both a commercial and critical success. The film won the International Prize at the 1954 Cannes Film Festival and paved the way for the Indian New Wave. Hrishikesh Mukherjee, one of Hindi cinema’s most successful filmmakers, was named the pioneer of ‘middle cinema’, and was renowned for making films that reflected the changing middle-class ethos. Renowned Filmmaker Basu Chatterjee also built his plots on middle-class lives and directed films like Piya Ka Ghar, Rajnigandha and Ek Ruka Hua Faisla. Another filmmaker to integrate art and commercial cinema was Guru Dutt, whose film Pyaasa (1957) featured in Time magazine’s “All-TIME” 100 best movies list.

In the 1960s, the Indian government began financing independent art films based on Indian themes. Many of the directors were graduates of the Film and Television Institute of India(FTII), in Pune. The Bengali film director Ritwik Ghatak was a professor at the institute and a well-known director. Unlike Ray, however, Ghatak did not gain international fame during his lifetime. For example, Ghatak’s Nagarik (1952) was perhaps the earliest example of a Bengali art film, preceding Ray’s Pather Panchali by three years, but was not released until after his death in 1977. His first commercial release Ajantrik (1958) was also one of the earliest films to portray an inanimate object, in this case an automobile, as a character in the story, many years before the Herbie films.

During the 1970s and the 1980s, parallel cinema entered into the limelight of Hindi cinema to a much wider extent. This was led by such directors as Gulzar, Shyam Benegal, Mani Kaul, Rajinder Singh Bedi, Kantilal Rathod and Saeed Akhtar Mirza, and later on directors like Govind Nihalani, becoming the main directors of this period’s Indian art cinema. Mani Kaul’s first several films Uski Roti (1971), Ashadh Ka Ek Din (1972), Duvidha (1974), were critically appreciated. Parallel cinema of this time gave careers to a whole new breed of young actors, including Shabana Azmi, Smita Patil, Amol Palekar, Om Puri, Naseeruddin Shah, Kulbhushan Kharbanda, Pankaj Kapoor, Deepti Naval, Farooq Shaikh, and even actors from commercial cinema like Hema Malini, Raakhee, Rekha ventured into art cinema.

These actors did not have an easy entry even in Parallel cinema. Basu Chatterji once narrated how Amol palekar’s entry met with opposition.” I was to make ” Piya ka ghar”-72 for Rajeshree prodn. I took Rajkumar Barjatya to watch Amol in drama ” Aadhey Adhurey”, but Raj was not willing to gamble with an actor, who was the very antithesis of a ‘ Star ‘. He took Anil Dhavan for that film. After ‘ Rajnigandha ‘ became a hit, the same Rajkumar Barjatya wanted only Amol for his next film ” Chitchor”-76. ”

By the early 1990s, the rising costs involved in film production and the commercialisation of the films had a negative impact on the art films. The fact that investment returns cannot be guaranteed made art films less popular amongst filmmakers. Underworld financing, political and economic turmoil, television, and piracy proved to be fatal threat to parallel cinema, as it declined.

One of the major reasons for the decline of the parallel cinema in India is that the F.F.C. or the National Film Development Corporation of India did not seriously look into the distribution or exhibition of these films. The mainstream exhibition system did not pick up these films because these films did not have the so-called ‘entertainment value’ that they were looking for. Thus, it left to a few Film Societies to screen these film; that too on a single screening basis. The advent of television and its popularity saw the film society movement decline. Gradually, the government reduced the patronage of such films, for they had only unseen films to be shown on their balance sheets.
Manthan ( Churning) is a 1976 Hindi film directed by Shyam Benegal, inspired by the pioneering milk cooperative movement of Verghese Kurien, and was written jointly by him and Vijay Tendulkar. It is set amidst the backdrop of the White Revolution of India. Aside from the great measurable success that this project was, it also demonstrated the power of “collective might” as it was jointly crowd funded by 500,000 farmers who donated Rs. 2 each, when it was found that the budget provided by NFDC for it, was insufficient.
The film won the 1977 National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Hindi and National Film Award for Best Screenplay for Vijay Tendulkar, and was also India’s submission for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film for 1976.

The title song (“Mero Gaam Katha parey”) was sung by Preeti Sagar. She won the Filmfare Award for Best Female Playback Singer for that year. The song was later used as the soundtrack for the television commercial for Amul.

The word Manthan literally means “churning”, and other meanings may be deep contemplation, churning of facts, analysis aimed at a solution or conclusion. The film traces a small set of poor farmers of Kheda district in Gujarat who had the vision and foresight to act in a way that was good for the society and not for the self alone. Under leaders like local social worker Tribhovandas Patel, who took up the cause of the farmers, lead to the formation of Kaira District Co-operative Milk Producers’ Union. Soon the pattern was repeated in each district of Gujarat, which in turn led to the formation of Amul, a dairy cooperative in Anand, Gujarat in 1946, which is today, jointly owned by some 2.6 million milk producers in Gujarat, India.

Eventually, this led to the initiation of White Revolution of India in 1970, by creating a “Nationwide Milk Grid”, and the setting up of Gujarat Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation Ltd. (GCMMF) in 1973, whose 500,000 members jointly financed the film, by donating Rs. 2 each, when NFDC budget for this film as sanctioned was found to be insufficient. Upon its release, truckloads of farmers came to see “their” film, thus making it a box office success.

Trivia- From 1946 to 2012, till his death, Kurien was in Gujarat, but he could never speak Gujarati. Though a Christian, he was cremated in Nadiad, where he breathed his last, as per his last wish.

The Music Director for this film was Vanraj Bhatia, a very highly educated Music expert. Born in 1927 in Bombay, Vanraj Bhatia trained in Western classical music while studying at the Elphinstone College in Mumbai for M.A. (English Honours); after graduating in 1949 he left for the Royal Academy of Music, London, to study music composition, which he passed with a Royal Academy Gold Medal in 1954.

Thereafter he entered the Paris Conservatory between 1954 and 1959. During his studies abroad he received various scholarships.

In 1960, he started his career as Reader in Musicology in charge of Western Music, at the Faculty of Music Delhi University, where he stayed until 1965.

Meanwhile, in 1959, he created his first advertising jingle for Shakti Silk Sarees. From that point on he became one of the pioneering ad jingle makers in India, and also one of the most successful, later moving to Mumbai and working for the advertising industry. In all he has created over 7000 scores for advertising jingles, corporate and business films.

His first film as a music composer was Ankur (1974), and he soon became a regular composer for Shyam Benegal and other art film makers of the time. He gave music to 23 films,composing 78 songs. His most noted works in this period are Manthan (1976), Bhumika (1977), Junoon (1978), 36 Chowringhee Lane (1981), Trikal (1985) and Mandi (1983) and Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro (1983).

He has also created music for Indian theatre productions such as “Tughlak” and “Andha Yug”.

In the following decade, his work was heard constantly on Indian television with the title scores for TV series like Khandaan, Yatra, Lifeline, Discovery of India, Wagle Ki Duniya, and the made-for-TV film Tamas (1987), for which he received the National Film Award for Best Music Direction in 1988.

In the 1990s, he worked in many commercial Hindi films as well as providing background scores for many other films, working on over 40 films during his career. His most noted works were for Shyam Benegal’s film Sardari Begum in 1996 and for Vijay Singh’s international film Jaya Ganga.

He is the composer of the famous Liril soap jingle “La… Lalala.la..”

The story of film Manthan-76, adapted from Wikipedia is …

The film traces the origins of the movement through its fictionalised narrative, based around rural empowerment, when a young veterinary surgeon, played by Girish Karnad, a character based on the then National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) chief, the 33-year-old Verghese Kurien, who joined hands with local social worker, Tribhovandas Patel, which led to the setting up of a local milk cooperative, in Anand, Gujarat.

Dr. Rao (Girish Karnad), a young veterinary doctor with his team of Deshmukh (Mohan Agashe), Chandravarkar (Anant Nag) and others comes to a village in Kheda district, Gujarat. The village is inhabited by poor people whose chief occupation seems to be cattle-rearing and producing milk, which they sell to a local dairy owner Mishra Ji (Amrish Puri). Mishra Ji pays them ridiculously low amounts for their milk. Dr. Rao and his team have arrived with the purpose of setting up a co-operative society dairy which will be owned collectively and managed by the villagers themselves. As Dr. Rao and his team grapple with village politics, rigid casteism and general distrust of the village folk, they face planned hostility from the local Harijan community’s leader Bhola (Naseeruddin Shah) who harbours deep anger and resentment against the higher caste Panchayat Head (Kulbhushan Kharbanda). Local village women are led by a feisty young woman Bindu (Smita Patil), mother of a young child whose husband has supposedly left her.

Dr. Rao wins the trust of Bindu and other villagers by testing their milk and paying them fair amounts for their high fat-content milk and this irks Mishra Ji. Deshmukh is worried by the caste politics and divide between the higher castes and Harijans in the village and repeatedly warns Rao against getting involved in it. Chandravarkar gets attracted to a local Harijan girl and has a few rendezvous with her in secret. The Harijans don’t want to join the co-operative as they feel that the higher caste Panch and his cronies will usurp the society as well. Rao and his associates talk sense into them and organise for an election for the post of the head of the co-operative. Bhola begins to trust and believe in Rao’s ideals when Rao fires Chandravarkar for having fun with the Harijan girl on pretext of marrying her and bails Bhola out of jail when Panch gets him arrested for rowdy behaviour.

Meanwhile, a mutual admiration and liking develops between Rao and Bindu, which is cut short when Bindu’s husband returns home suddenly and Rao’s wife comes to visit him in the village. In the election, the Harijan representative Moti defeats the Panch in a tiebreaker and the Harijans erupt in joy. The Panch takes the loss terribly on his ego and joins Mishra Ji, also aided by Bindu’s husband. Together, they force Bindu to put her thumb impression on legal papers that claim Dr. Rao has raped her. Dr. Rao is extremely agitated when the allegations are brought against him and starts to wonder whether or not he has bitten off more than he can chew. His wife also falls sick with Typhoid. Dr. Rao finishes the setting up of the board and leaves with his wife. This greatly troubles Bhola as he considers this cowardice on Dr. Rao’s part. Bhola, however, continues to carry on the work of the co-operative with support from a few villagers and notably, Bindu. Both of them have been inspired and churned as new, brave individuals by the work of Dr. Rao.

With this song, the film makes a Debut on the Blog and since there was only one song in the film, all songs in the film also completed.The song is the Title song of the film, used many times in the film as background song. It is based on a Folk song of Gujarat. The song is enchanting and once heard it keeps on coming back again and again. See for yourself…..

(Ack- information from Gaata rahe mera dil by Aniruddha and Balaji, wiki and The Hindu is used in adapted form here.)


Song- Mero gaam kaatha paarey (Manthan)(1976) Singer- Preeti Saagar, Lyricist- Neeti Saagar, MD- Vanraj Bhatia

Lyrics

mero gaam kaatha paare
jyaan doodh ki nadiya waahe
jyaan koyal tahuko gaaye
mhaare ghar aangna na bhoolo na
hey mhaare ghar aangna na bhoolo na
mero gaam kaatha paare
jyaan doodh ki nadiya waahe
jyaan koyal tahuko gaaye
mhaare ghar aangna na bhoolo na
hey mhaare ghar aangna na bhoolo na

mhaare gaamde leelalaher
jyaan naache mor ne dhel
jyaan doodh ki relamchhel
jyaan vad pipal ni chhainyaa
suh ti charti gaiya
aao aao re ae ae
aao aao re mhaare gaam
sabko pyaaro mhaaro dhaam
yaad rakhiyo mero shyaam
mare ghar aangna na bhulo na
hey mhaare ghar angana na bhoolo na
kabhi rukna mhaare gaam
o pardesiya
o pardesiya
o pardesiya
o pardesiya


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3822 Post No. : 14821

Today’s song is from film Wafa-50. The film was made by Good luck Pictures and directed by the veteran expert J.P. Advani. For this film, there were two Music Directors- Vinod and Bulo C Rani. For 11 songs, there were 4 Lyricists. Today’s song is written by Aziz Kashmiri, sung by Shamshad Begum and composed by Vinod. The cast of the film was Karan Dewan, Nimmi, Bipin Gupta, Shyama, Bimla, Anwari, Gope, Yaqub, Cuckoo etc etc. One of the most often seen in films of the 50s but least written about artiste was Bipin Gupta.

Bipin Gupta was born in a Bengali family on 27th August 1905 in Meerut, the 5th child of his parents- Trailokya Nath Gupta and Khemankari Devi.They later moved to Barrackpore. He attended the Chinsura Training School and the Barrackpore Government High School. He was married to Annapurna Devi.

Gupta’s first Bengali film was Chokher Bali directed by Sotu Sen in 1938. Throughout his career he had worked on almost 300 films ( Bangla and Hindi), though only played the hero once, in the film Noori-1934. It was produced by Durga International Films, Calcutta. His Heroine was Sheela Devi. It was a flop movie.

He started working in Radio in 1934 and by 1936 he became a professional stage artist. He stayed for 30 years in Bombay to establish himself in Bollywood. His first film Shri Ramanuj came in 1943 at Calcutta. His last film was in 1979 at Bombay.

In 1964 he produced the film Daal Me Kala, directed by Satyen Bose and starring Nimmi, Kishore Kumar and Abhi Bhattacharya.The film took almost 4 years to make. Bipin Gupta worked in 128 Hindi films. He did 60 films in a period of 10 years-between 1950 and 1960, which is a very high average of one film every 2 months for 10 years !

He generally did the roles of Zamindar, teacher, father, Grandfather etc. All character roles. His voice was very good. Once, in Madras,while shooting for film “Teen Bahuraniya” at Gemini Studios, Prithviraj Kapoor lost his voice, for some time. Bipin Gupta dubbed all his film dialogues.

He died on 8th September 1981 in Calcutta. His son married Kajri- the daughter of Sailesh Mukherjee, actor,singer and composer. She too was an actress.

In Hindi films, for the first 10-15 years of the Talkie era, there were no separate dancers. The Heroines were expected to sing as well as dance, if need be. Somehow, dance was not an essential part of cinema ( except Mythological to some extent), till Azuri and Cuckoo came on the Horizon. It was almost from the mid 40s, the dancers became prominent and dance sequence became a Must in all films.Even in social films, the dance situations were created to include a dance. In crime stories, a Moll was usually a dancer. Azuri was perhaps the lone exclusive female dancer in films of the late 30s. By mid 40s, came Cuckoo and by mid 50s, it was Helen all the way for the next 20 years or so.

Cuckoo Moray, (4th February 1928 – 30th September 1981) was an Anglo-Indian dancer and actress. Cuckoo was the queen of film dancing in Hindi cinema of the 1940s and 1950s. Though unfamiliar in name, she was known as the “rubber girl” of Hindi cinema and her talent made cabaret dancing a must in the Bollywood films during the 1940s and 1950s. She could acrobatically bend her body at great length.

Cuckoo started appearing in films from mid forties. She was seen as a background dancer in film Meghdoot-45. Cuckoo made her screen debut in the film Arab Ka Sitara in 1946. Soon after, in Sona Chandi-46, directors and greater audiences noticed her dancing abilities for the first time. One of her dances in film Parwana-47 with suggestive lyrics to the song was considered vulgar enough to get banned from the film. Then, the turning point in Cuckoo’s career was in Mehboob Khan’s films. Her dance number in his film Anokhi Ada (1948) established her as the lead dancer of the era and in Andaz(1949), a romantic drama starring Nargis, Dilip Kumar, and Raj Kapoor, gave the dancer an opportunity to display her acting skills. In Mehboob Khan’s 1952 technicolor film Aan, which was her first colour film, she had a brief cameo in a dance sequence. She only appeared in 2 colour films in her career- Aan & Mayurpankh. She would charge Rs 6,000 for a dance number, an enviable fee in the 50s.

Usually she is credited with bringing into films 2 Anglo Indian brothers Tony (Krishna kumar) and Robert (Surya kumar). However, Azuri later claimed that it was she who brought them into films from an orphanage and trained them. Dancers first, both became Choreographers of repute later.

Cuckoo remained the best dancer in Hindi films until dancers such as Helen and Vyjayanthimala came into the industry. Cuckoo was a family friend of the Anglo-Burmese dancer and actress Helen. She was also known for helping unknown actors get their break in Bollywood, such as Pran in Ziddi. Cuckoo had introduced a 13-year-old Helen into films as a chorus dancer in films such as Shabistan and Awaara (both 1951). Cuckoo and Helen most notably appeared in song and dance sequences together, such as in Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi(1958) and Yahudi (1958). Her last film appearance was in Mujhe Jeene Do in 1963 after which, she had disappeared from the film industry. She was a Heroine in film Sona Chandi-46, under the name Kishori, but due to her faulty Hindi and pronunciation, she could not continue as a Heroine. She appeared in 155 films and and 67 songs were shot on her.

Cuckoo, the legendary cabaret queen of the Bollywood was one of those film stars who lived ostentatiously, spent extravagantly and died broke and penniless. Her three cars (one for her use, one for taking her dogs for a drive, and the other often used to summon protégée Helen to play with her sister), her flats and whatever jewellery she had, were all taken away because the dancer had evaded income tax. She would charge Rs 6,000 for a dance number, an enviable fee in the ’50s. Cuckoo died of cancer at the age of 52; during her last days she could barely afford to buy painkillers. “She never thought of security, of tomorrow,” Helen recalls. “But what a tremendous lady she was! There wasn’t even a tear in her eye, even when the roles stopped, when the money disappeared. Instead she’d joke about her plight. Some actors did help but it was too late, much too late.”

Cuckoo died on 30 September 1981 due to cancer at the age of 53. She was forgotten and unattended by the film industry at the time of her death. (adapted from wiki,MuVyz, book ‘Edwina’ and cineplot).

I started seeing films since my early childhood in the late 40s. I was lucky enough to see many films of the 30’s too, in their second or third runs. By the early 50s, most films from the 30s were gone but almost all films of the 40s were still available.

English, Hindi, Marathi, Telugu or Kannada- language was no bar as far as watching movies of these languages was concerned . Those were the days when 78 RPM records used to be played by Hotels on gramophone. This helped me to hear the latest songs. In the 1960s Posh hotels had Juke Box. Soon it became common and Juke Boxes were seen everywhere. You needed just a coin of 4 Annas to listen to your desired song on it. Usually 4 songs in a row were lined up and they could all be listed to by putting 4 coins in it.

I liked Shamshad Begum songs from the beginning. Uneducated but immensely talented Shamshad was the reigning queen of the HFM in the 40s and till about ’55. Her seniors and co-singers bowed out, but she continued-first with C. Ramchandra, then with Naushad and later with O P Nayyar. Her Luck began to run out in 1950s and all the composers who previously supported her left her and started using the rising singing stars. From 1949 onwards, C Ramchandra was totally devoted to Lata, Naushad too had realised that the new crop of Heroines wanted only Lata and so he quietly went for her and O P Nayyar-when he found a soulmate in Asha, he simply forgot Shamshad and Geeta. So much for the “professional” composers !

In my opinion, two things went against Shamshad. One, in the early phase of Hindi cinema, the story lines of the films used to be very strong. Consequently, songs were inserted considering the need of the plot and to enhance the value of music in the film. As a result, songs were given to side Hero/heroines, special dancers or character roles. Naturally Shamshad sang for artistes other than the Heroines. The singing Heroines sang their own songs. If an analysis is done, it will be seen that till about early 50s, 70% songs in a film were sung by artistes other than the Lead pairs.

It was only after the new crop of Hero/Heroines came and when they realised ( particularly Dev Anand, for example) that songs can help them become popular, they started demanding more songs on them in the films. Slowly,the ratio reversed and after 1955-56, 80% of songs were picturised on the Lead pairs and the rest-if any-on others. Thus singers like Shamshad, who sang for all and sundry found her singing opportunities dwindling. In those days, Lata, very cleverly, chose to sing only for the Heroines and according to her, for all ‘others ‘ there were Asha, Geeta and Shamshad. This badly affected Shamshad’s career.

Secondly, when Lata came on the scene, the older generation female singers like Ameerbai, Zohrabai etc were already on the wane. Only Geeta and Shamshad were left. Geeta got all songs of Guru Dutt films. Additionally,the Bengali lobby of Burman, Hemant, Salil and A Biswas was in her support. Shamshad had no one to back her up. It was Naushad, who first indicated that he had tilted towards Lata, when Lata sang all songs of Andaz-49 for the heroines and Shamshad sang only for Cuckoo. Next was C Ramchandra, when he fired Shamshad in front of the orchestra players when she could not sing to his satisfaction. She was so much hurt that she closed her song book and walked out. Normally, C Ramchandra would have apologised soon after, but this time nothing like this happened and Shamshad understood that everything was finished. ( Shamshad, however,in a later day interview denied that anything like this had happened). In case of O P Nayyar, in one of the interviews he gave in 2003 to Dr. Mandar, he admitted that “his lead singer” in those days prevented “others” from singing for him.

Shamshad being too gentle and straightforward gave up the fight too meekly, in my opinion. Even her last attempt to remain in Limelight with a ‘Shamshad Stage Show’, did not bear any fruits as she did not do any follow up after that, due to her self respect.

In my opinion, Shamshad could have continued for another 8 to 10 years easily if only she had fought it out, but it was not to be and a vibrant, youthful, solid voice disappeared from the musical scene. I feel that it was not she but millions of music lovers who were the losers because of her ouster from the music scene.

Today’s Shamshad song is one of my most favourite songs. I was actually pleasantly surprised to note that this song was yet to be discussed here. Out of the 100 odd select Shamshad songs in my collection, this song is within the first top 10 songs in my Play list.Great composer Vinod and great singer Shamshad- this sangam providing such a Gem is no wonder. I am sure, you too will fall in love with this song the moment you listen to it. Enjoy….


Song-M m m m m main teri hoon (Wafa)(1950) Singer-Shamshad Begam, Lyrics-Aziz Kashmiri, MD-Vinod

Lyrics

m m m m m m m main teri hoon
m m m main teri hoon
teri hoon o raaja
m m m m m
m m m m m m m main teri hoon
teri hoon ho raaja
m m m m m main teri hoon

kaali kaali ghat khule nainon ke pat
hatt
kaali kaali ghat
khule nainon ke pat
haathon mein haath hua tera mera saath
haathon mein haath hua tera mera saath
m m m m m main teri hoon
teri hoon ho raaja
m m m m m main teri hoon

chori chori aa
mere man mein sama
o raaja
chori chori aa
mere man mein sama
tera mera pyaar hua raaja pahli baar
tera mera pyaar hua raaja pahli baar
m m m m m main teri hoon
teri hoon ho raaja
m m m m m main teri hoon

papeeha bole pee
raaja dhadke mera jee
o papeeha bole pee
raaja dhadke mera jee
ambuwa ki daali pe koyal bole yoon
ambuwa ki daali pe koyal bole yoon
kya
m m m m m main teri hoon
m m m m m main teri hoon
teri hoon ho raaja
m m m m m main teri hoon


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3819 Post No. : 14817

Today’s song is from film ‘Ek Shola’ (1958). It is sung by Asha Bhosle and Geeta Dutt. The lyricist was Majrooh Sultanpuri and the music director was Madan Mohan. The film was produced by Deep and Pradeep Productions –  a joint venture of Deep Khosla and Pradeep Kumar. The film was directed by Chander Sehgal. Not much is known about Chander Sehgal, except that he directed only 2 films – ‘Ek Shola’ and ‘Mitti Mein Sona’ (1960). He died on 29-5-1960. The cast of the film is Pradeep Kumar, Mala Sinha, Jawahar Kaul, Leela Mishra, Nazir Hussain, Shubha Khote etc.

In Hindi films, there have been three actors who were very handsome and very lucky but zero in acting – Karan Dewan, Pradeep Kumar and Bharat Bhushan. They all appeared in leading roles opposite all leading actresses of their times. They had the best films, best songs and best roles. Karan Dewan had about 25 Silver Jubilees to his credit and was considered a lucky star. Bharat Bhushan had the most musical films to his credit like ‘Baiju Bawra’ (1952), ‘Shabaab’ (1954) and ‘Mirza Ghalib’ (1954) etc. Pradeep Kumar had ‘Anarkali’ (1953) and ‘Taj Mahal’ (1963).

All three had their brothers producing films for them. Gemini Dewan made films for Karan Dewan, R. Chandra made films for Bharat Bhushan and Kalidas for Pradeep Kumar. Unfortunately, in later years, all three lost everything and died in poverty and neglectful anonymity. Karan Dewan was a manager with BR Chopra’s production company. When he died no one came for his funeral except for Chandrashekhar and Manmohan Krishan from the Cine Artist’s Association. Bharat Bhushan even worked as a watchman in a film studio, in his last days. He too died unsung and only the men from the Association were present at the cremation.

Pradeep Kumar’s case is the saddest. He lay seriously ill in the ICU of a Calcutta nursing home, abandoned by his relatives. The hospital was not discharging him, unless the bills were paid. Luckily one Mr. Pradeep Kondaliya, an estate agent, recognised him, despite his grown beard. He paid the huge outstanding bill of the hospital and took Pradeep Kumar to his home, where he passed away after a few days. He was cremated by his fan. Such is the film industry – cruel and ruthless, where the recognition lasts only till one is successful, and even close relatives desert you in bad times.

Pradeep Kumar aka Sital Batabyal was born on 4 January 1925. When he was 17 years old, he started as assistant cameraman. Later he decided to take up acting. He started his film career in Bengali films. His notable roles in Bengali films were in ‘Alaknanda‘ (1947), directed by renowned filmmaker Debaki Bose, and in ’42 (1951). It was Debki Bose, who gave him the filmy name Pradeep Kumar.

Pradeep Kumar  then shifted to Bombay and Filmistan studios, and had an important role in the film ‘Anand Math (1952). He played the lead role with Bina Rai in ‘Anarkali’ (1953) and with Vyjayanthimala in ‘Nagin’ (1954). Both films were very popular and had songs that added to the movies’ success. He had a spate of releases in the second half of the 1950s. He did not enjoy as much success in the 1960s, though ‘Ghoonghat’ (1960), ‘Aarti’ (1962) & ‘Taj Mahal’ (1963) were successful. He worked with Meena Kumari in seven films; ‘Adil-E-Jahangir’, ‘Bandhan’ (1956), ‘Chitralekha’, ‘Bahu Begum’, ‘Bheegi Raat’, ‘Aarti’ and ‘Noorjehan’; and with Mala Sinha in eight films; ‘Naya Zamana’, ‘Hamlet’, ‘Baadshah’, ‘Detective’ (1958 movie), ‘Fashion’ (1959 film), ‘Ek Shola’, ‘Duniya Na Maane’, and ‘Mitti Mein Sona’.

He did not get to act in lead roles with the newer heroines of the 1960s such as Sadhana, Saira Banu, Babita or Sharmila Tagore, though he did work with Asha Parekh in ‘Ghoonghat’ and ‘Meri Surat Teri Aankhen and with Waheeda Rehman in ‘Raakhi (1963). In 1969, he moved to character roles with ‘Sambandh’ and ‘Mehboob Ki Mehndi’, but did not have many visible roles till ‘Jaanwar’ and ‘Razia Sultan’ in 1983.

He won the Kalakar Award-Lifetime Achievement Award (1999).

Pradeep Kumar died in Calcutta on 27 October 2001, at the age of 76. He is survived by his daughters Reena, Meena and Beena Banerjee who plays character roles in movies and TV serials including ‘Uttaran’, son Debiprasad and granddaughters Tanisha, Suparna, Riya and Hrishita. Beena Banerjee’s son Siddharth Banerjee worked as assistant director in Sajid Khan’s ‘Housefull 2’ (2012) and ‘Himmatwala’ (2013).

Mala Sinha was an educated, hard working actress. Though she worked with leading banners and was heroine to well known heroes, she was never counted among the class I heroines of her times. She worked with many newcomers, like Dharmendra etc. Her career spanned a long time but she never got a single Filmfare Award, though nominated 4 times.

Mala Sinha was born in a Bengali Nepalese Christian family in Calcutta, on 11-11-1936. Mala Sinha claimed herself a Bengali descent Nepali many years ago in a TV interview Her parents named her Alda. Her friends at school used to tease her by calling her Dalda (a brand of vegetable oil), so she changed her name to Mala. In her childhood she learnt dancing and singing. Although she was an approved singer of All India Radio, she has never done playback singing in films. But as a singer she has done stage shows in many languages from 1947 to 1975.

Mala started her career as child artist in Bengali films ‘Jai Vaishno Devi’ followed by ‘Shri Krishan Leela’, ‘Jog Biyog’ and ‘Dhooli’. Noted Bengali director Ardhendu Bose saw her acting in a school play and took permission from her father to cast her as a heroine in his film ‘Roshanara’ (1952) – Bangla film, her cinematic debut.

After acting in a couple of films in Calcutta, Mala had to go to Bombay for a Bengali film. There she met Geeta Bali, a noted Bollywood actress, who was charmed by her and introduced her to film director Kidar Sharma. It was Sharma who cast her as a heroine in his ‘Rangeen Ratein‘ (1956). Her first Hindi film was ‘Baadshah’ (1954) opposite Pradeep Kumar. Then came ‘Ekadashi’ (1955), a mythological film. Both failed, but her lead role in Kishore Sahu’s ‘Hamlet’ (1954), paired opposite Pradeep Kumar, fetched her rave reviews in spite of it failing at the box office. Films like ‘Lai Batti’ (ac­tor Balraj Sahni’s only directorial venture), ‘Nausherwan-E-Adil’ where she starred as the fair maiden Marcia in Sohrab Modi’s romance about forbidden love and ‘Phir Subah Hogi’, which was direc­tor Ramesh Saigal’s adapta­tion of Dosteovsky’s novel Crime and Punishment, established Mala Sinha’s reputation as a versatile actress who took the maximum career risks by accepting unconventional roles.

Mala was a singer of some repute and used to sing for All India Radio; she was not allowed to sing playback (even for herself) in the movies with the lone exception being 1972’s ‘Lalkar’. In the 1950s, she had string of hits opposite Pradeep Kumar like ‘Fashion’ (1957), ‘Detective’ (1958), ‘Duniya Na Maane’ (1959) though their first two ventures had failed. The films she did with Pradeep Kumar were men-oriented. In 1957, noted Bollywood actor and film director Guru Dutt (the husband of Geeta Dutt) cast Mala in his film ‘Pyaasa‘ (1957) in a role originally intended for Madhubala. Mala gave a memorable performance as the relatively unsympa­thetic part of an ambitious woman who chooses to marry a rich man (played by actor Rehman) and have a loveless marriage rather than a poor, unsuccessful poet and her impoverished lover (played by Guru Dutt) whom she ditches. ‘Pyaasa‘ remains to this day a classic in the history of Indian cinema and a turning point for Mala Sinha.

After ‘Pyaasa’ her major success were ‘Phir Subah Hogi’ (1958) and Yash Chopra’s directorial debut ‘Dhool Ka Phool’ (1959) that elevated her into a major dramatic star. There was no looking back for Sinha then as she was part of many successful movies from 1958 to the early ’60s like ‘Parvarish’ (1958), ‘Ujaala’,’ Main Nashe Main Hoon’, ‘Duniya Na Maane’, ‘Love Marriage’ (1959), ‘Bewaqoof’ (1960), ‘Maya’ (1961), ‘Hariyali Aur Rasta’ and ‘Dil Tera Deewana’ (1962), ‘Anpadh’, ‘Bombay Ka Chor’ (1962). Critics believe her career best performance was in ‘Bahurani’ (1963), ‘Gumrah’, ‘Gehra Daag’, ‘Apne Huye Paraaye’ and ‘Jahan Ara’. Apart from pairing with Pradeep Kumar, her pairing opposite Raaj Kumar, Rajendra Kumar, Biswajit and Manoj Kumar in woman-oriented films were appreciated by audiences, with her films opposite Biswajit being the most popular.  She did 10 films with Biswajit. In 2007, they won the Star Screen Lifetime Achievement Award, calling them on stage together giving due respect to their popularity as a pair who have tasted box office success.

The most remarkable feature of career of Mala Sinha was that most of her 1960s and 1970s hits were fueled by her own star power as much as the heroes and most of the times her role was more powerful than the hero. Though she was pitted opposite her seniors like Raj Kapoor, Dev Anand, Kishore Kumar, Pradeep Kumar and when she acted opposite the emerging stars from late 1950s like Shammi Kapoor, Rajendra Kumar and Raaj Kumar, she made sure her role was as good as theirs.

In 1966, Sinha went to Nepal to act in a Nepali film called ‘Maitighar when the Nepali film industry was still in its infancy. This was the only Nepali film she did in her career. Her hero in the film was an estate owner called Chidambar Prasad Lohani. Soon after, Mala Sinha married CP Lohani with the blessings of her parents. From the beginning theirs was a long-distance marriage with Lohani based in Kathmandu to look after his business and Sinha living in Bombay with their daughter Pratibha. She continued acting after her marriage.

From 1974, she cut down on her assignments as the lead actresses. She accepted strong character roles in films like ’36 Ghante (1974), ‘Zindagi‘ (1976), ‘Karmayogi (1978), ‘Be-Reham’ (1980), ‘Harjaee’ (1981), ‘Yeh Rishta Na Tootay’, ‘Babu’ (film) and ‘Khel’, which were popular.

In the early ’90s Madhuri Dixit was promoted as new Mala Sinha in magazines. But, after 1994, she completely withdrew from industry and has given very few public appearances. In ‘Dhool Ka Phool’ and BR Chopra’s ‘Gumrah’, she played the first unwed mother and adulterous wife respectively in Hindi cinema. As she grew older, she gracefully moved on to doing character roles that befitted her age. She was last seen in ‘Zid’ (1994). Though Mala Sinha evinced as much interest in her daughter Pratibha’s career as her father did in her career, she was unable to achieve the same success for her daughter. (Adapted from wiki).

Mala Sinha came from Calcutta to make a career in Bombay films. In Calcutta she worked in a Bilingual film ‘Chitrangada’ (1954) in Bangla and Hindi. In 1954 again, she did her first film in Bombay, ‘Baadshah’ (1954), then came ‘Hamlet’ (1954), ‘Riyaasat’ (1955) and ‘Ekadashi’ (1955).

In all her interviews, Mala Sinha always quoted ‘Rangeen Raten’ (1956) with Shammi Kapoor as her first film in Bombay. She was ashamed of revealing that in film ‘Riyaasat’ (1955), her Hero was Mahipal and in film ‘Ekadashi’ it was Trilok Kapoor. She always hid this fact. There are many heroines who want to hide their struggling days. For example, in film ‘Professor’ (1962) Shammi Kapoor’s heroine was Kalpana. Though touted as her first film, her first film was ‘Pyar Ki Jeet-62’, opposite Mahipal – a fact which Kalpana always hid from everyone.

Similarly, A grade heroine Meena Kumari also had done several mythological and costume films before ‘Baiju Bawra’ took her high up and above other heroines. Films like ‘Veer Ghatotkach’ (1949), ‘Shri Ganesh Mahima’ (1950), ‘Laxmi Narayan’ (1951), ‘Hanuman Paataal Vijay’ (1951) and ‘Alladin aur Jadui Chirag’ (1953) had Mahipal as her Hero. In her later years, she always hid her earlier film Heroes.

Even comedian Johnny walker, who is supposed to have made a beginning with ‘Baazi’ (1951), had earlier worked in ‘The Last Message’ or ‘Aakhri Paigham’ (1949). However this fact is not told by anyone.

Not only actors, but even singers do this. They hesitate to tell that the first sang for C grade films. Take the case of Sudha Malhotra, who used to declare ‘Arzoo’ (1950) as her first film, under Anil Biswas. But she never told that earlier she had sung 3 songs in film ‘Aakhri Paigham’ (1949), under the baton of Abid Hussein Khan, composer.

It is very unfortunate that once the artiste becomes famous, he tends to forget his humble beginning with less known film or a composer. This is because they are ashamed of it. I feel the blame also goes to people who take their interview, because the interview takers do not do proper homework. Many times they do not know anything and simply note down whatever is told by the artiste.

There were 8 songs in the film ‘Ek Shola’. 3 songs are already discussed. This is the 4th song. It is a long song, recorded on one side each of 78 rpm record nos. N-52832 and 52833). We present here the full song covering both sides.

 


Song – Chanda Se Bhi Pyaara Hai, Akhion Ka Taara Hai  (Ek Shola) (1958) Singer – Asha Bhosle, Geeta Dutt, Lyrics – Majrooh Sultanpuri, Music – Madan Mohan

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

mmmm mmmmm mmmm
mmm mmm mmm mmm mmm mmmmmmm

chanda se bhi pyaara hai
akhion ka taara hai
dil ka sahaara mera laadla
chanda se bhi pyaara hai
akhion ka taara hai
dil ka sahaara mera laadla

ghata ka saaya hai zindagi
idhar se aai udhar chali
rukey na jeevan ki baansuri
haaye.. apni dhun mein gaa

khushi se saagar jal chhalke
pakad chaley dil sambhal ke
kahen tarangen machal ke
zaraa mauj mein lehra haaye..
khushi se saagar jal chhalke
pakad chaley dil sambhal ke
kahen tarangen machal ke
zaraa mauj mein lehra haaye..
ghata ka saaya hai zindagi
idhar se aai udhar chali
rukey na jeevan ki baansuri
haaye.. apni dhun mein gaa

chanda se bhi pyaara hai
akhion ka taara hai
dil ka sahaara mera laadla..aa..aa

jab mera nannha chhaiyan chhaiyan
thummak thummak doley
tuk tuk taakey
jhuk jhuk jhaanke
gudiya ghunghat kholey
jab mera nannha chhaiyan chhaiyan
thummak thummak doley
tuk tuk taakey
jhuk jhuk jhaanke
gudiya ghunghat kholey
ho gudde sa dulaara
akhion ka taara hai
dil ka sahaara mera laadla..aa..aa

ghata ka saaya hai zindagi
idhar se aai udhar chali
rukey na jeevan ki baansuri..ee
apni dhun mein gaa

jo mastion mein jee’e hain
usey na ?? ?? ??
ye raaz tere liye hai magar
tu nahi samjha haaye..
jo mastion mein jee’e hain
usey na ?? ?? ??
ye raaz tere liye hai magar
tu nahi samjha haaye..
ghata ka saaya hai zindagi
idhar se aai udhar chali
rukey na jeevan ki baansuri..ee
apni dhun mein gaa

chanda se bhi pyaara hai
akhion ka taara hai
dil ka sahaara mera laadla..aa..aa
A B C D
aleef bay pay
ka kha ga gha..aa..aa
A B C D
aleef bay pay
aur bhai ka kha ga gha
ab padhne askool chala hai
ye mera shehzaada
ab padhne askool chala hai
ye mera shehzaada
ho parion ne sanwaara hai
akhion ka taara hai
dil ka sahaara mera laadla
aa..aa..aa
chanda se bhi pyaara hai
akhion ka taara hai
dil ka sahaara mera laadla

mmm mmm mmmmmm mmmm
mmm mmm mmmmmm mmmm
aaa aaa aaaa aaa aaa aaa

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-
मम्मम मम्ममम मम्मम
मम्म मम्म मम्म मम्म मम्म मम्म मम्ममममम

चंदा से भी प्यारा है
अखिओं का तारा है
दिल का सहारा मेरा लाड़ला
चंदा से भी प्यारा है
अखिओं का तारा है
दिल का सहारा मेरा लाड़ला

घटा का साया है ज़िंदगी
इधर से आई उधर चली
रुके ना जीवन की बांसुरी
हाए॰॰ अपनी धुन में गा

खुशी से सागर जल छलके
पकड़ चले दिल संभाल के
कहें तरंगें मचल के
ज़रा मौज में लहरा हाए॰॰
खुशी से सागर जल छलके
पकड़ चले दिल संभाल के
कहें तरंगें मचल के
ज़रा मौज में लहरा हाए॰॰
घटा का साया है ज़िंदगी
इधर से आई उधर चली
रुके ना जीवन की बांसुरी
हाए॰॰ अपनी धुन में गा

चंदा से भी प्यारा है
अखिओं का तारा है
दिल का सहारा मेरा लाड़ला॰॰आ॰॰आ

जब मेरा नन्हा छइयाँ छइयाँ
ठुमक ठुमक डोले
टूक टूक ताके
झुक झुक झाँके
गुड़िया घूँघट खोले
जब मेरा नन्हा छइयाँ छइयाँ
ठुमक ठुमक डोले
टूक टूक ताके
झुक झुक झाँके
गुड़िया घूँघट खोले
हो गुड्डे सा दुलारा है
अखिओं का तारा है
दिल का सहारा मेरा लाड़ला॰॰आ॰॰आ

घटा का साया है ज़िंदगी
इधर से आई उधर चली
रुके ना जीवन की बांसुरी
हाए॰॰ अपनी धुन में गा

जो मस्तीओं में जीए हैं
उसे ना ?? ?? ??
ये राज़ तेरे लिए है मगर
तू नहीं समझा हाए॰॰
जो मस्तीओं में जीए हैं
उसे ना ?? ?? ??
ये राज़ तेरे लिए है मगर
तू नहीं समझा हाए॰॰
घटा का साया है ज़िंदगी
इधर से आई उधर चली
रुके ना जीवन की बांसुरी॰॰ई
हाए॰॰ अपनी धुन में गा

चंदा से भी प्यारा है
अखिओं का तारा है
दिल का सहारा मेरा लाड़ला॰॰आ॰॰आ

ए बी सी डी
अलीफ बे पे
क ख ग घ॰॰अ॰॰अ
ए बी सी डी
अलीफ बे पे
और भई क ख ग घ
अब पढ़ने अस्कूल चला है
ये मेरा शहज़ादा
अब पढ़ने अस्कूल चला है
ये मेरा शहज़ादा
ओ परियों ने संवारा है
अखिओं का तारा है
दिल का सहारा मेरा लाड़ला
आ॰॰आ॰॰आ
चंदा से भी प्यारा है
अखिओं का तारा है
दिल का सहारा मेरा लाड़ला

मम्म मम्म मम्मममम मम्मम
मम्म मम्म मम्मममम मम्मम
आ आ आ आ आ आ॰॰आ

 


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3813 Post No. : 14811 Movie Count :

4051

Today’s song is from an obscure old film of the first decade of the Talkie films- Snehlata-1936.

The song is sung by Rajkumari under the baton of Lallubhai Nayak. This Prakash Pictures’ film was directed by Balwant Bhatt-elder brother of another director Nanabhai Bhatt. The cast of the film was, Gulab, Jayant, Panna, Umakant, Shirin Bano, Rajkumari,Lallubhai etc etc.

When films started to be made in India, in the early part of the 20th century, only local talent was used,naturally. As the industry started taking a shape,it was seen as an opportunity to earn wages. It was also an industry which did not require high education, a better creed or a particular religion. All that was required was to look reasonably well ( even tolerable) and readiness to do work. When films were shown in villages towns and cities, it created a desire in the hearts of aspirants and a flow to the film centres like Lahore, Calcutta, Kolhapur and Bombay started.

The Talkie film set the norms for actors. for the main roles-good looks, ability to speak in Hindi and singing ability and for other roles-tolerable looks, readiness to learn and do hard work were the standards. Being Talkie, knowledge of speaking Hindi/Urdu became necessary. This automatically became an exit point for several European, Jew and Anglo Indian artistes who had dominated the silent films. Thus the gates now opened for Hindu and Muslim girls, boys and adults.

As the industry grew, opportunities and requirements increased. Aspirants from other than local stations started pouring in, making the film industry a true representative Of Bharat, that is India. people from far off places thronged to Bombay, Lahore and Calcutta. Bombay had artistes hailing from U.P., Rajasthan, Bengal, Punjab, Delhi in addition to Gujarat and Maharashtra. Some artistes came from obscure and far off places too.

Some such examples come to mind offhand are, Hero Vijaykumar came from Shimla ( later even Sheila Ramani also came from there), kamla Kotnis from Andhra, Ranjan from Tamilnad, A,K,Dar aka Jeevan and Chandramohan from Kashmir, Amirbai Karnataki from Hubli, Sarvottam Badami from Bangalore etc etc.

When actress Shyama Zutshi from Kashmir acted in films like Vishnu Bhakti-34 and Karvaan E Hayaat-35, there was a hue and cry. Famous actor Chandramohan – who too was from Kashmir-resented that women from Kashmir came into films and warned Shyama not to act in films and go back. Eventually, she left films and joined Politics with her father in Kashmir. She is popularly considered as the First Kashmiri girl in Hindi films- followed by Yashodhara Katju in the 40s and 50s. Now of course so many girls and boys are from Kashmir in films. However Shyama Zutshi was NOT the first actress form Kashmir.

The First actress form Kashmir to work as a Heroine in Hindi films was GULAB, who was part of the cast of today’s film Snehlata-36. Her real name was Saraswati Devi. She was born on 10-6-1908 at Jammu. She joined Krishna Film Company in 1924. Her first silent film’Krishna kumar’ came in 1925. She worked in 60 silent films. Her last silent film was ‘Dagabaz Dushman’-32, made by east India Film co.Bombay.

Her first Talkie film was Suryakumari-33, made by Vishnu Cinetone. It was directed by Dhirubhai Desai. She sang one song ‘more preetam jab ghar aaye’ composed bu Kikubhai Yagnik. Then came Baburao Patel’s ‘Bala Joban’-34, Sewa Sadan-34 and Nai Duniya-34 ( Debut film of Rajkumari and Jayant). In this film Gulab sang 2 songs.

Gulab was very beautiful and quite popular in film industry. Some of her films were Bambai ki sethani-35, Challenge-37, Bharosa-40, Pyas-41, Ek Raat-42, Station master-42, Gaali-44, Rattan-44, Mann ki jeet-44, Mirza Sahibaan-47, Lahore-49, Badi Behan-49, stage-51, Post Box 999-58, Chhabili-60 etc etc. She acted in 160 films. her last film seems to be Haqeeqat-64 ( stats from MuVyz)

The Hero of film Snehlata-36 was Jayant. I used to like his masculine, well built personality and resonant voice. Rugged type of roles ( like in Madhumati-58) suited him best. I wonder how this Pathan must have acted in love story films ! His real name was Zakeria Khan. His family was from Peshawar. he was born on 8-10-1915. Till he was 15 year old, his father Sardar S.A.Khan was a Sports superintendent in Alwar state. After schooling, Jayant joined Alwar state army as second Lt. After 2 years he quietly resigned and proceeded to Bombay to become an actor. His family was unaware of this.

For few months, he went from one studio to another looking for an opening. Finally Director Vijay Bhatt met him and took him in Prakash Pictures Gujarati film ‘Sansar leela’-33, which was remade in Hindi as Nai Duniya-34. After this no work for few months and he did smaller roles in stunt films- about 30 films. Director Gunjal advised him to shift to Social films and he did Mud-40, opposite Shobhana Samarth. Then there was no looking back. Films like Mala-41( which was remade as Amar-54 and Jayant had acted in it also doing the same role), Zevar-42, Daavat-43, Poonji-43, Shirin Farhad-45, Maa baap ki laaj-46, Shoharat-48 etc came to him.

Jayant did 105 films. He sang one song in film State Express-38 also. His last film was Insaniyat-74. Film ‘Love and God’ was released in 1986. Jayant had 3 sons- Amjad khan (Gabbar singh), Inayat khan and Imtiyaz khan. Jayant died on 2-6-1975….just 2 months before film ‘Sholey’-75 was released !

The film was directed by the elder brother of Nanabhai Bhatt- Balwant Bhatt. He was born at Porbandar,Gujarat 0n 13-1-1909. Balwant started his career by assisting Naval Gandhi in 1930-31 and then N.B.Vakil at Sagar Studios in 1932. He turned Director with the advent of Talkie films and joined Prakash Pictures with Actress-1934. His first film was Chalta purja-1932 and the last one was Nagin aur Sapera-1966. He directed 33 films,mostly stunt and C grade films. He directed some Gujarati films like Sansar Leela,Seth Sagsha,Diwadandi,Snehlata etc.He was the producer of Dillagi-1942,Gunehgar,Alif Laila etc. Diwadandi-1950 became famous for its song-” Taari aankhni afini”, sung by Dilip Dholakia with music by Ajit Merchant. His film Mordhwaj-52 was the Debut film for MD Narayan Dutt. Balwant Bhatt died on 7-2-1965,at Bombay.

Film Snehlata -36 was also made in Gujarati. In those days, the regional language film industries were not that developed, so bilingual film making was quite common. The film seems to have had 7 songs, but HFGK mentions only 4 songs-all sung by Rajkumari, who was a regular singer in that period. The film ‘which was also known as ‘Bharat ki Devi’ had all songs written jointly by brothers Vijay and Shankar Bhatt.


Song- Hai dhanya tu Bharat naari (Snehlata)(1936) Singer- Rajkumari, Lyricist- Vijay and Shankar Bhatt, MD- Lallubhai Nayak

Lyrics

Hai dhanya tu Bharat naari
mahima hai teri nyaari
Hai dhanya tu Bharat naari
mahima hai teri nyaari
Ganga ki si ujiyaari
tu Ganga ki si ujiyaari
Ganga ki si ujiyaari
?? tumhaari
?? tumhaari
?? tumhaari
mahima hai teri nyaari
Hai dhanya tu Bharat naari
mahima hai teri nyaari

tan man dhan unke charnon par
tan man dhan unke charnon par
tan man dhan unke charnon par
sachmuch toone waar diya
sachmuch toone waar diya
tan man dhan unke charnon par
sachmuch toone waar diya
preetam pag anuraagini toone
aisa adbhut pyaar kiya
preetam pag anuraagini toone
kaisa adbhut pyaar kiya
aa aa aa aa

????
charnon par balihaari
sab charnon par balihaari
sab charnon par balihaari
?? vibhooti aaari
?? vibhooti aaari
vibhooti aaari
mahima hai teri nyaari
Hai dhanya tu Bharat naari
mahima hai teri nyaari
tan man dhan unke charnon par
tan man dhan unke charnon par
tan man dhan unke charnon par
sachmuch toone waar diya
tan man dhan unke charnon par
sachmuch toone waar diya
preetam pag anuraagini toone
aisa adbhut pyaar kiya
aa aa aa
preetam charnon par balihaari
main akshay ki ??
??
??
mahima hai teri nyaari


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3810 Post No. : 14806 Movie Count :

4049

My first article was posted on this Blog on 1-10-2012. Before that, for almost an year and a half, I used to post my comments on the songs posted on the Blog. In those comments, I used to give information about not only the songs, but also about the film, the cast, story. MD, Lyricist and in general any matter connected with the film or the song. For example, while commenting on a song from film Chandralekha-48, I had mentioned how Vasan made more than 100 prints of the film for its All India release and how the famous ‘ Nagara’ dance was choreographed etc etc.

Other readers gave me lot of support by liking and appreciating my informative comments. This and Atul ji encouraged me and I started writing posts on the Blog with great enthusiasm. I have always believed that Knowledge increases by sharing and indeed it did. Within a week’s time I brought up my first series on ” Less Known Singers”. Looking at the welcome it received from people in the Blog and the visitors, I continuously ran as many as 26 series of songs on selected themes.

Some themes were my favourites, like ‘ Flavour of the 30’s ‘, ‘ The vibrant 40’s ‘, ‘ Vintage Naushad “, ‘ Bhajan Mala ‘, ‘Gems from the Migrators’, and ” songs from the Artiste name films”.

One of the series was ” The Great souls of India”, which ran from 1-11-2013 to 15-11-2013, covering 10 songs. In this series I had selected songs from films on Sant Kabir, Sant Tulsidas, Sant Surdas, Sant Tukaram, Sant Dnyaneshwar, Bhakt Dhruv, Bhakt Prahlad, Narsi Bhagat, Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and Jagadguru Shankaracharya.

That time I regretted that I could only include 10 ‘ Great souls ‘ in the series, when another 8 to 10 were left out. I felt particularly sad that Sant Meerabai was left out. I am making amends to that lapse now. DER AAYE DURUST AAYE. It is never too late to repair the damage. So, today’s song is from a film ” Meerabai”-47. There was yet another film ” Meera’ in 1947. Two songs from that film were already discussed here, therefore I have selected this film, which makes a Debut here.

There was one thing common in these two films on Meerabai. Both films had songs predominantly sung by just One Singer. In the film ‘Meera’-47, 17 songs out of the 18 songs were sung by its Heroine M.S.Subbulakshmi. In the film ‘ Meerabai’-47, all the 13 songs were sung by Sitarabai Kanpuri. While Meera was originally a Tamil film of 1945, dubbed in Hindi in 1947, Meerabai was a fresh film made in Hindi only. In Meera, it was a feast and delight to listen to M.S. in Hindi. Her conspicuous Hindi pronunciations were never a barrier in savouring her divine rendering. Most bhajans in her film had the traditional tunes, but in film Meerabai, the MD S.K.Pal had tried newer tunes to these Bhajans. To his credit, I must say that his attempts were praiseworthy. Just listen to today’s song and you will agree with me.

Mirabai was a great saint and a devotee of Sri Krishna. Despite facing criticism and hostility from her own family, she lived an exemplary saintly life and composed many devotional bhajans. Historical information about the life of Mirabai is a matter of some scholarly debate. The oldest biographical account was Priyadas’s commentary in Nabhadas’ Sri Bhaktammal in 1712. Nevertheless, there are many oral histories, which give an insight into this unique poet and saint of India.

Mira was born around the start of the 16th Century in the Chaukari village in Merta, Rajasthan. Her father was Ratan Singh a descendant of Rao Rathor, the founder of Jodhpur. When Mirabai was only three years old, a wandering Sadhu came to her family’s home and gave a doll of Sri Krishna to her father. Her father saw this as a special blessing but was initially unwilling to give it to his daughter, because he felt she would not appreciate it. However, Mira had, at first sight, become deeply enamoured with this depiction of Lord Krishna. She refused to eat until the doll of Sri Krishna was given to her. To Mira, this figure of Sri Krishna embodied his living presence. She resolved to make Krishna her lifelong friend, lover, and husband. Throughout her turbulent life, she never wavered from her youthful commitment.
On one occasion, when Mira was still young, she saw a wedding procession going down the street. Turning to her mother, she asked in innocence, “Who will be my husband?” Her mother replied, half in jest, half in seriousness. “You already have your husband, Sri Krishna.” Mira’s mother was supportive of her daughter’s blossoming religious tendencies, but she passed away when Meera was only young.

At an early age, Mira’s father arranged for her to be married to Prince Bhoj Raj, who was the eldest son of Rana Sanga of Chittor. They were an influential Hindu family and the marriage significantly elevated Mira’s social position. However, Mira was not enamoured of the luxuries of the palace. She served her husband dutifully, but in the evening she would spend her time in devotion and singing to her beloved Sri Krishna. While singing devotional bhajans, she would frequently lose awareness of the world, entering into states of ecstasy and trance.

Her new family did not approve of her piety and devotion to Krishna. To make things worse, Mira refused to worship their family deity Durga. She said she had already committed herself to Sri Krishna. Her family became increasingly disproving of her actions, but the fame and saintly reputation of Mirabai spread throughout the region. Often she would spend time discussing spiritual issues with Sadhus, and people would join in the singing of her bhajans. However, this just made her family even more jealous. Mira’s sister-in-law Udabai started to spread false gossip and defamatory remarks about Mirabai. She said Mira was entertaining men in her room. Her husband, believing these stories to be true, tore into her room with sword in hand. However, he saw Mira only playing with a doll. No man was there at all. Throughout these hysterical slanders, Mirabai remained unmoved by both the criticism and praise of the world.

After this experience, her family continued to torture her. They restricted her movements and sought to make her life as uncomfortable as possible. In the face of all these trials and tribulations, she remained detached from her physical suffering. There was nothing that could disturb her inner connection to Giridhara (epithet of Sri Krishna as young cowherd boy). It is said that twice her family tried to kill her, once through a venomous snake and once through poisonous drink. On both occasions, it is said Mirabai, protected by the Grace of Sri Krishna, came to no ill harm.

However, the relentless torments and hostility interfered with her life of devotion and contemplation on Krishna. She sought the advice of learned men and saints. They advised her to leave the palace and return to Brindaban. Secretly, with some followers, she slipped out of the palace and escaped to the holy city of Brindaban. In Brindaban Mirabai was free to worship Giridhara to her heart’s content. She would spend her time in singing bhajans and in ecstatic communion with Krishna. Like a true Bhakti, she worshipped God wholeheartedly. The riches of the world offered no attraction to Mirabai; her only satisfaction came from her single-minded devotion to Sri Krishna. Her soul was ever yearning for Krishna. She considered herself to be a Gopi of Vrindaban, mad only with pure love for Sri Krishna.Her devotion and spiritual magnetism were infectious.

Even learned Sadhus would come to her for inspiration. There is a story of one respected Spiritual Master, who refused to speak to Mirabai because she was a woman. Mirabai replied there was only one real man in Brindaban, Sri Krishna; everyone else was a Gopi of Krishna. On hearing this, the spiritual Master accepted the wisdom of Mirabai and agreed to talk to her. Later, Mirabai would become his student.

Much of what we know about Mirabai comes from her poetry. Her poetry expresses the longing and seeking of her soul for union with Sri Krishna. At times, she expresses the pain of separation and at other times the ecstasy of divine union. Her devotional poems were designed to be sung as bhajans, and many are still sung today.

Mirabai was a devotee of the highest order. She was immune to the criticism and suffering of the world. She was born a princess but forsook the pleasures of a palace for begging on the streets of Brindaban. She lived during a time of war and spiritual decline, but her life offered a shining example of the purest devotion. Many were inspired by her infectious devotion and spontaneous love for Sri Krishna. Mirabai showed how a seeker could attain union with God, only through love. Her only message was that Krishna was her all.

It is said in her death she melted into the heart of Krishna. Tradition relates how one day she was singing in a temple when Sri Krishna appeared in his subtle form. Sri Krishna was so pleased with his dearest devotee that he opened up his heart centre, and Mirabai entered leaving her body while in the highest state of Krishna consciousness. (free adaptation from biographyonline.net, with thanks)

Film Meerabai-47 was made by Shalimar Pictures, Poona. Its direcor was W.Z.Ahmed. Lyrics were by Meerabai and MD was Suryakant aka S.K.Pal ( he was the nephew of another MD Ramchandra Pal of Bombay Talkies). The cast of the film consisted of Neena, Masood Pervez, Neelam, Tiwari, Shyama (Dulari), Ramavtar, Noorjehan sr. etc etc.

There is a general and wrong feeling among some movie buffs in India that, artistes who opted to migrate to Pakistan after partition had failed there and died in penury and misery. While some such cases indeed were there unfortunately, but not ALL had failed. On the contrary, I feel most of the Directors, Music composers and Heros succeeded in Pakistan. This was because they were all ready made available to Pakistan industry. Many of them like Khursheed Anwar, Inayat Hussain or G.A.Chisti were regarded as pioneers of Pak film industry. Same case with directors like Dawood Chand, M Sadiq, Shaukat Husaain Rizvi etc who became pillars of Pak film industry. unfortunately, once the crop of artistes who migrated from India ended their careers, their film industry had a premature death. This was because, there was no second line of artistes to take over.

The Hero of the film Meerabai-47, Masood Pervez was also one such migrant who succeeded in Pakistan. He was born in 1918 in Amritsar, Punjab, India. He passed his M.Sc. and joined films. His first film as a Hero was Punjabi film ” Mangati “-42, which became a Golden Jubilee film. He further worked in film Gulami-45 and Meerabai-47. After Partition, he went to Pakistan.

His first film as a Director in Pakistan was ‘ Beli’-50 It had a moderate success. His big breakthrough came with film ‘ Intezar ‘-56, which was a colossal hit. He directed 23 films between 1950 and 1982. he is considered to be one of the pioneers of Pak films. He directed 3 Folk stories Mirza Jat-67, Heer Ranjha-70 and again Mirza Jat-82, all very successful. he died on 11-3-2001 in Lahore. He was the nephew of Saadat Hassan Manto.

Film Meerabai-47 had 13 songs, most of them quite good. The original Meera Bhajans were translated in plain Hindi by Pt. Bharat Vyas. With this song the film makes its Debut on this Blog.


Song-Mhaane chaakar raakho jee (Meera Bai)(1947) Singer-Sitarabai Kanpuri, Lyrics-Meera bai, MD-S K Pal

Lyrics

mhaane chaakar raakho ji ee
chaakar raakho ji
sanwariyaa aa
mhaane chaakar raakho ji
mhaane chaakar raakho ji ee
chaakar raakho ji
saanwariyaa
mhaane chaakar raakho ji

chaakar rah toon baag lagaa doon
nis-din darshan paa toon
brindaawan ki kunj-galin mein
brindaawan ki kunj-galin mein
teri leelaa gaa toon
teri leelaa gaa toon

maane chaakar raakho ji
chaakar raakho ji
saanwariyaa
mhaane chaakar raakho ji

unche unche mahal banaaun
jis bich raakhoon baari
saanwariyaa ke darshan paaun
saanwariyaa ke darshan paaun
jaaun tan man vaari
jaaun tan man vaari

mhaane chaakar raakho ji
chaakar raakho ji
saanwariyaa
mhaane chaakar raakho ji

jogi aayaa jog karan koon
jogi aayaa jog karan koon
tap karne sanyaasi
hari-bhajan ko saadhu aayaa
bindraaban ke waasi
kaahe neer jhare nainan se
kaahe neer jhare nainan se
dheer dharo ji meeraa
aadhi raat prabhu darshan de hai
aadhi raat prabhu darshan de hai
prem nadi ke teeraa aa
prem nadi ke teeraa

mhaane chaakar raakho ji
chaakar raakho ji
saanwariyaa
mhaane chaakar raakho ji


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3808 Post No. : 14804

Today’s song is from film Chand sitare-48. Chand, Chandni, Tare and Sitare are the favourite words of film makers to use in the film titles.As many as 40+ film titles contain these words. The song is sung by Shamshad and chorus, composed by MD-Premnath and written by Lyricist I.C.Kapoor.

My Primary education was in Urdu language. Hyderabad being a Muslim state, learning Urdu had a definite advantage, but there were schools in English, Marathi, Telugu, Kannada and even Hindi mediums as well in Hyderabad and the treatment to all other languages than Urdu, was equal by the Nizam Government. This was because Hyderabad was a Trilingual state, consisting of 8 Telugu speaking Districts, 5 Marathi speaking Districts and 3 Kannada speaking districts, plus the rulers were Urdu speakers. From 5th standard I changed to Marathi Medium and continued till end of schooling. English, Marathi and Hindi were my favourite subjects, but Maths and Geography were my sworn enemies.

Maths particularly, first confused me and then irritated me. I failed to understand a sum like ” If 5 people build a Wall 5 feet X 5 feet in 5 days, how many days 25 people will take to build the same wall. Now, if the wall was already built by 5 people, why should anyone build it again ?

Similarly, A, B and C were hated by me. Sums like ” If A borrows 500 Rupees from B at the rate of 5% interest per month and B borrows 400 rupees from C at the rate of 2% interest per month, what would be A’s loss and B’s profit. I failed to understand, why should A borrow money from B, when C was offering loan at lower rates in the first place ?

Geography was another headache. Size and population of countries, Longitudes and Latitudes, Capitals and Currency of Nations, temperatures in Tundra and Siberia and rainfall in Cherapunjee, were beyond my comprehension. However, in Geography, there used to be some chapters in Astronomy also. I liked them very much. Different Planets ,The Milky Way and Comets fascinated me.

Especially Comets aroused my curiosities no end. I learnt that Comets were Heavenly Bodies, made up of Gases and space debris, which appeared suddenly in the sky, seen for a while and then disappeared. Some Comets created panic by crossing Earth’s passage and such Comets would be featuring in newspapers and on TVs.

Comets are like those friends who walk with us for few years and disappear from this world. Comets are like those personalities who shine for a while and then disappear for ever. In Hindi Music too, there were extraordinarily Talented people, who worked for a short period and then were gone for ever, just like Comets.

Master Madan is a good example in this context. In a short life, he sang immortal Gazals like, ” Yun na rah rah kar hamein tarsaiye” and ” Hairat se tak raha hai “. He was born on 28-12-1927 in Jallunder Dist. and died on 5-6-1942. In a singing career of just 3-4 years he became immortal. He left behind him 3 Bhajans, 3 Gazals and 2 Punjabi song records. He left this world, after shining just like a Comet.

Then there is C. Arjun who composed an eternal song like ” Paas baitho tabiyat bahal jayegi,maut ayee to tal jayegi ” and disappeared like a Comet. There are many such examples in the history of HFM.

In the arena of HFM, there were several such Comets- which came, shone for a while and disappeared. They were small and big Comets. May be good or ordinary too. We do not know. There were few composers who did just 2 or 3 films and some did 15 to 20 films. Still this number was not enough for their hidden talents to showcase. Some names come to mind offhand like Daan singh, Dilip Dholakia, Jamal sen, Chand Pardesi, Sardar Malik, Sailesh Mukherji, Vasant kumar Naidu etc.

One such Comet was Music Director Premnath (Wadhva). Composer Premnath is an ideal case for ” Same Name Confusions’. Since his name coincides with the more well known actor Premnath,operating almost in the same period,people misunderstood that Actor Premnath and composer Premnath were the same persons. Surprisingly,actor Premnath was a good singer himself and had been trained by professional Ustads for classical music,but he could never fulfill his desire of becoming a singer and became an actor instead. However he did a film song,which was posted on this blog by our Sudhir ji,some years back-if I remember right. But the fact remains that both persons were different.

PREMNATH the Music Director was born on 5-7-1918 in Gujranwala,Punjab. He learnt music from experts in Amritsar,Multan and Lahore.He acted in films like Shahr-e-khamoshi and also sang in Sohni Mahiwal-1938.
After marriage,he moved to Bombay. His first film as a Music Director was Rangbhoomi-1946.In this film ,a novice Mohd. Rafi sang many songs for him.His other films were Dehati-47,Chandrahas-47,Sagar’s Pehla pyar-47. He then produced a film ” Chand sitare”-48 under the banner of Ravindra Art productions. Mukesh,Lata and Geeta Roy sang in it. In film ‘Alakh Niranjan’-50,he used Mohd. Faruqi,Sulochana Kadam and Rajkumari.
Premnath gave music to many films of Super pictures of Aspy Irani like bade bhaiya-51 and Maya Machhindra-51,in which surendra, Geeta, Rafi and Shamshad sang. His another film ‘Qatil Kaun’ in late 50s was not released. For this film,Rafi, Asha, Manna Dey, Mubarak Begum and Shamshad had given songs.
His films diminished. Sati vaishalini-59, Main hoon jaadugar-65, Tarzan in Fairyland-68 and Gyani ji-77 were his last films. He composed 99 songs in all.
After he stopped work as MD,he devoted his time for the welfare of Cine Artists as a trade union leader. As a Secretary,he served the music Directors’ Assn. for 30 years.
He died on 27-4-1993 at the age of 75 years.

Film Chand sitare’s star cast was Jeevan, Manorama, Rajan Haksar, Niranjan Sharma, Anita, Satish, Leela etc. In Hindi films two actresses were known as ” Aunty’. One was actress Shammi and the other was ” Manorama aunty “. Both actresses were Heroines in their early career for few films, but soon accepted character roles. Both were seniors and highly respected in the industry.

During the course of last 80 odd years, thousands of actors came to work in films. Most of them wanted to become Hero or Heroine, but all could not make it. What does it take to become a Hero in a film ? ( Talking only for the period 1931 to 1970 please). Is it good looks ? Then how come Shaikh Mukhtar became a Hero ? or Ranjan ? High education ? Then how come Master Bhagwan became a Hero ? A God Father ? Then how come Motilal or Surendra became Heros ? For girls too same logic applies. In the early era, most Heroines were uneducated, like Meena Shorey, for example- who could not even sign her name. All were not Handsome or beautiful. I sincerely feel, it is neither Talent nor the good looks, it is nothing but the Luck Factor, which helps in making a career in films. This explains why good looking, educated 1 or 2 film’s Heros could not sustain themselves for long. Same way, good looking girls like Vijayalaxmi, Bimla kumari, krishnakumari, Tabassum, Yashodhara katju, Shubha Khote, Shashikala etc could not continue beyond 3-4 films as Heroines.

In the 40’s era, Manorama was one such actress. She had good education, beautiful Punjabi looks, fine acting, but she could not go beyond 3 films as Heroine and to contend with side and character roles in all her career. Manorama was born in Lahore on 16-8-1920,as Irene Issac Daniels, from Punjabi father and Irish mother. She took good looks from the father. While a student, she did some child roles in films from 1926 to 1936 and as an adult, she debuted in Pancholi’s Khazanchi-41 ( when Khazanchi was remade in 1958, she was the only actor who featured in this version also. Some other such examples were Kanhaiyalal acting in film Aurat-40 and Mother India-57 and Jayant in film Mala-41 and its remake Amar-54.Naushad was the same MD for both Mala and Amar.) She then acted in Himmat-41, Khandan-42, Zamindar-42, Poonji-43, Panchhi-44, Patwari-45 in Lahore. Here only she did Heroine’s roles in Khamosh Nigahen, Rehana and Shalimar- all in 1946. After partition, she migrated to India, but she got only side and character roles.

Meanwhile, in 1947, she got married to Rajan Haksar. After coming to India, shortly, their marriage broke. She had one daughter-Roopa from this marriage. Roopa tried her luck in films in 1970, without much success. Then she got married and settled.

Manorama grew in weight. Now she got comic or vamp roles. She did films like Ghar ki izzat, Johari, Hanste aansoo, Ek phool do mali, Shor, karvaan etc etc. In all she acted in 161 films. Her last film was Water-2005. She died on 15-2-2008. She perhaps, had the longest career among actresses-from 1926 to 2005, that is a cool 80 years ! Manorama was a highly respected person in the industry. Neetu singh, Madhuri Dixit, Ram Mohan, Ekta kapoor and others were her fans. Her famous films were Jhanak Jhanak….,Half Ticket, Budtameez,and Seeta aur Geeta.

Film Chand sitare-48 had 8 songs. 7 songs have featured already on this Blog and today’s song is the last song of the film. So, with this song, film Chand sitare-48 joins the list of films who have all songs covered. My thanks to Sudhir ji for providing and uploading the full version of this song from his collection.


Song-Phir chaayi hain kaali ghataayen pardes na jaa (Chaand Sitaare)(1948) Singer-Shamshad Begam, Lyrics-Ishwar Chand Kapoor, MD-Premnath
Chorus

Lyrics

phir chhaayin hain kaali ghataayen
pardes na jaa
lo aayin hain mast hawaayen
pardes na jaa

mere sapnon ki duniya basa ke
yoon jaao na ankhiyaan churaa ke
ankhiyaan churaa ke
mere sapnon ki duniya basa ke
yoon jaao na ankhiyaan churaa ke
ankhiyaan churaa ke
hamen aisi adaayen na bhaayen
pardes na jaa
lo aayi hain mast
lo aayi hain mast hawaayen
pardes na jaa

dekho dekho
kisi ne li angdaayi
dekho dekho
kisi ne li angdaayi
haule haule
jawaani kehne aayi
haule haule
jawaani kehne aayi
haaye naa jaa
suhaani raaten bolein
ke jiya mera doley
naina moti ro len
haaye na jaa
suhaani raaten bolein
ke jiya mera doley
naina moti ro len
mere lab pe hai ye hi sadaayen
pardes na jaa
lo aayi hain mast
lo aayin hain mast hawaayen
pardes na jaa

o jee nainon se behta hai paani
raaja do din ki hai zindagaani
zindagaani
o jee nainon se behta hai paani
raaja do din ki hai zindagaani
zindagaani
ab aa jaa
kaleja munh ko aaye
bin tere raha na jaaye
ab aa jaa
kaleja munh ko aaye
bin tere raha na jaaye
ham raah pe akhiyaan bichhaayen
pardes na jaa
lo aaye hai mast
lo aayi hai mast hawaayen
pardes na jaa
phir chhaayin hain kaali ghataayen
pardes na jaa

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

फिर छाईं हैं काली घटाएँ
परदेस ना जा
लो आईं हैं मस्त हवाएँ
परदेस ना जा
मेरे सपनों की दुनिया बसा के
यूं जाओ ना अखियाँ चुरा के
अखियाँ चुरा के
मेरे सपनों की दुनिया बसा के
यूं जाओ ना अखियाँ चुरा के
अखियाँ चुरा के
हमें ऐसी अदायें ना भायें
परदेस ना जा
लो आईं हैं मस्त
लो आईं हैं मस्त हवाएँ
परदेस ना जा

देखो देखो
किसी ने ली अंगड़ाई
देखो देखो
किसी ने ली अंगड़ाई
हौले हौले
जवानी कहने आई
हौले हौले
जवानी कहने आई
हाए ना जा
सुहानी रातें बोलें
के जिया मेरा डोले
नैना मोती रो लें
हाए ना जा
सुहानी रातें बोलें
के जिया मेरा डोले
नैना मोती रो लें
मेरे लब पे हैं ये ही सदाएं
परदेस ना जा
लो आईं हैं मस्त
लो आईं हैं मस्त हवाएँ
परदेस ना जा

ओ जी नैनों से बहता है पानी
राजा दो दिन की ज़िंदगानी
ज़िंदगानी
ओ जी नैनों से बहता है पानी
राजा दो दिन की ज़िंदगानी
ज़िंदगानी
अब आ जा
कलेजा मुंह को आए
बिन तेरे रहा ना जाये
अब आ जा
कलेजा मुंह को आए
बिन तेरे रहा ना जाये
हम राह पे अखियाँ बिछाएं
परदेस ना जा
लो आईं हैं मस्त
लो आईं हैं मस्त हवाएँ
परदेस ना जा
फिर छाईं हैं काली घटाएँ
परदेस ना जा


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 14800 song posts by now.

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