Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Post by Arunkumar Deshmukh’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4722 Post No. : 16433

Today’s song is from a Mythological film- Shri Krishna Bhakti-1955. Made under the banner of Combined films Traders, Bombay, it was directed by the Wizard of Trick scenes- Babubhai Mistry. MD was my favourite- Chitragupta. All the 8 songs of this film were written by G S Nepali.

Hindu religion describes how the 10 Avatars of Lord Vishnu (Dashavataar) actually represent the Evolution of the Human race. The 10 Avatars were…

1. Matsya….Life started from water.
2. Kachha(Tortoise)…. First Amphibian who learned to live both in Sea and on Land.
3. Varaah (The Boar)….Life solely on Land.
4. Narsimha….Half qualities of Animal and half of Human.
5. Waman….Developing Humans.
6. Parshuram….Human ruled by Emotions
7. Shri Ram….Perfect Human being.
8. Shri Krishna….Survival amongst the opposition.
9. The Buddha….Extreme stage of Sacrifice
10. Kalki….End of Anarchy and present set up, to start a New Age all over again….Yet to come.

The most popular among these are, of course, Ram and Krishna. But what was the necessity of these Avatars at all ? Answer to this is in Bhagwad Geeta. BHAGAVAD GITA is one of our cultural heritage books. It is a part of Mahabharat and is also a part of Bramhopnishad-which is a scripture on Yogas.

This is a dialogue between Lord Shri Krishna and Arjun. The legend says that when Kauravas and Pandavas stood opposite each others for a war on Kurukshetra, Dhritrashtra,the blind father of Kauravas asked Sanjay- who had the divine power of seeing the war at Kurukshetra- to describe him the war happenings. Sanjay starts and in the course of his reporting, the entire Geeta too is narrated.

Without going into the details further, enough to stress that Lord Shrikrishna explains to Arjuna that, whenever there is a decline of Dharma and righteousness, He takes birth from age to age (sambhavami yuge yuge), to protect the virtuous, destroy evil-doers and to reestablish Dharma and righteousness.

This is described in the IV chapter, stanzas 7 and 8 in Bhagavad Gita thus-

“Yada Yada Hi Dharmasya
Glanirva Bhavathi Bharatha,
Abhyuthanam Adharmaysya
Tadatmanam Srijami Aham’.

Bhagavad Gita (Chapter IV-7)

“Whenever there is decay
of righteousness O! Bharatha
And a rise of unrighteousness
then I manifest Myself!”

Praritranaya Sadhunam
Vinashaya Cha Dushkritam
Dharamasansthapnaya
Sambhavami Yuge-Yuge.”

Bhagavat Gita (Chapter IV-8)

“For the protection of the good,
for the destruc­tion of the wicked and
for the establishment of righteousness,
I am born in every age.”

Indian filmmakers have made several films on the stories associated with these two Avatars- Ram and Krishn. Lord Ram has always been hailed as the “Purushottam” or the complete man. Personally, I feel that Characters like Shri Ram are not suitable for this age. For today’s times, the best suited is Krishna. While Ram taught us how to rule righteously, Krishna taught us how to win over the Villains and be successful. In today’s context, Krishn-Niti is more suitable,I aver. When your righteous living is in danger due to evil forces, you can not remain like a Purshottam. You will need to adopt Krishn Niti for survival. The best difference between these two can be explained by this Shlok.

Shri Ram – Ahinsa Parmo Dharmah….There is nothing greater than Non violence.

Shri Krishna – Dharma Hinsa tathaiva cha….You are justified to pick up arms for a just cause.

For the last 100 odd years, we were taught only the first part, but now we realise the second part is more suitable for our survival, in these times. Krishna Niti says, there is nothing wrong to adopt unconventional methods if your Right Cause is facing strong opposition. Lord Krtishna’s life was full of interesting episodes and therefore I like Krishna more than Ram, for his relevance to modern times.

Today’s song is from a film which depicts the story of a Krishn Bhakt. It is about how the devotee is saved from imminent death. The story of the film is….

In a village lives a boastful Bramhin Balbhadra Shastri and Cheta-the Krishn Bhakta Harijan. One day Cheta invites several Sadhus for food, whom Balbhadra had insulted. At the time of meals, the Sadhus get more than enough food. At the same time, food from Balbhadra’s house disappears. This enrages Balbhadra Shastri. On Janmashtami day, Shanti- Balbhadra’s daughter serves Prasad to Seva, son of Cheta. Balbhadra is very angry and hits Seva. He becomes unconscious. Same time the Idol in the temple disappears miraculously. People are afraid and request Cheta to invoke God to come back. Cheta sings a Bhajan and Seva comes alive and at the same time the Temple idol returns. All the people start hailing Cheta.

Balbhadra is very angry and decides to kill Cheta, but in the melee, instead of Cheta, Balbhadra kills his own daughter Shanta. Balbhadra accuses Cheta of her murder and takes him to court. Cheta is sentenced to death. On the day of execution, when Cheta is singing a bhajan while on way to the Gallows, suddenly, Shanta comes running and explains that the killed girl was someone else and she was kidnapped. Cheta is freed. Balbhadra repents and Cheta is honoured as a Great Krishn Bhakt.

The great Editor and special effect-Trick scene expert Babubhai Mistri ( 5-9-1918 to 20-12-2010), in the beginning, was an assistant with Prakash pictures.Prakash was making a film “Khwabon ki Duniya”- 37, based on the famous novel “The Invisible Man” by H.G.Wells,1897.The shooting started but the basic problem was how to show the ‘invisible‘ man. There was no special effect technique available in India till then, like in Hollywood.

Vijay Bhatt had an assistant called Babubhai Mistri, who accepted the challenge and using a dim light, a black curtain and a black thread to move articles, he achieved the desired results. This made the film not only a hit and popular one, but also a unique one. Babubhai Mistri, thus, became the father of the trick scenes and special effects in India. In the process, Babubhai also earned a nickname of ‘kaala dhaaga‘ (black thread) for the rest of his life, in the film industry.

Babubhai directed 49 Hindi films-mostly B and C grade Mythologicals, Costume, and Historical films. He also directed 1 Telugu and 9 Gujarati films. His first film as a director was Muqabala-42. Surprisingly he started off with a social film, but there was a valid reason. The initial Poster Painter had developed into a skilled Editor and trick scene expert, by his own hard work, encouraged by the Wadia brothers. The film was an unusual film of a story of twin sisters. Wadias wanted Babubhai to do something which will make the film stand out from all other such films.

Directed by Babubhai Mistry, it was the last movie of Fearless Nadia for Wadia Movietone. She had a double role of twin sisters: good Madhuri and bad Rita.
This film was First in India to use Split-screen method for double roles, where both sisters could cross each others, shake hands and talk together. The other attraction was the Night club set, which, in case of police Raid, could be converted into a respected residence in few minutes. It was a great fun to watch these two things.
A happy ending picture, but to see and hear the laboured Hindi dialogues of Madhuri (good Nadia) was another treat.

Today’s song is a bhajan by Mohd. Rafi and chorus.


Song- Ganga mein nahin Jamuna mein nahin (Shri Krishn Bhakti)(1955) Singer- Mohd. Rafi, Lyricist- G S Nepali, MD- Chitragupta
Chorus

Lyrics

Ganga mein nahin
Jamuna mein nahin
mehlon mein nahin
kutiyon mein nahin een een een
jahaan yaad karo Bhagwaan wahin
jahaan yaad karo Bhagwaan wahin
mehlon mein nahin
kutiyon mein nahin
jahaan yaad karo Bhagwaan wahin
jahaan yaad karo Bhagwaan wahin

kyun naam na lekar dhan jode
kaudi ke liye naataa tode
kyun naam na lekar dhan jode
kaudi ke liye naataa tode

sone mein nahin chaandi mein nahin
sone mein nahin chaandi mein nahin
heere mein nahin moti mein nahin
jahaan yaad karo Bhagwaan wahin
jahaan yaad karo Bhagwaan wahin

chupke se ro(?) man ki maala
chupke dekhe murli waala
chupke se ro(?) man ki maala
chupke dekhe murli waala

jantar mein nahin mantar mein nahin
jantar mein nahin mantar mein nahin
dharti mein nahin saagar mein nahin
jahaan yaad karo Bhagwaan wahin
jahaan yaad karo Bhagwaan wahin

paataal gagan jal mein thhal mein
muskaata hua ?? pal mein
paataal gagan jal mein thhal mein
muskaata hua ?? pal mein

mandir mein nahin teerthon mein nahin
mandir mein nahin teerthon mein nahin
Geeta mein nahin Vedon mein nahin
jahaan yaad karo Bhagwaan wahin
jahaan yaad karo Bhagwaan wahin
mehlon mein nahin
kutiyon mein nahin
jahaan yaad karo Bhagwaan wahin
jahaan yaad karo Bhagwaan wahin


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4720 Post No. : 16428

Today’s song is from the film Ekadashi-1955, a Mythological film.

Culture and Religion have a close relationship. The commonest points of Religion, followed by a majority for time immemorial, becomes the culture of the nation. Raas Garba, Ganesh Utsav, Diwali celebrations and Indian Calendar New Year days in respective regions are no more a matter of Religion by now. They have become the cultural heritage of the country. A good example is Holi or lighting done on Deepavali or touching the feet of the elders…all these constitute Culture, though its roots are traceable to religion.

Today, Religion, for most people in the world, I feel,is limited to one’s personal space and I believe, in today’s setup it is also very appropriate to limit the religion to one’s home. One should not get confused between Religion and Bhakti. Mythological films are based essentially on stories from the Holy books, like Ramayana, Mahabharat or the Puranas. Bhakti pradhan films are based on personalities engaged in devotion to their Deity. Thus, films like Narsi Bhagat or Sant Tukaram are Bhakti pradhan films, whereas films like Pawanputra Hanuman or Veer Arjun are Mythological or Pauranik films. Films on saints like Kabir, Soordas, Tulsidas or Tyagaraja are not religious but Mythological films are surely religious films.

The film Ekadashi-55 was made by All India pictures. produced by R.L. and M.L.Arora, it was directed by V.M.Gunjal. The music director of Ekadashi-55 was Avinash Vyas, ably assisted by Jayanti lal. There were 8 songs in the film. The cast of the film was Trilok Kapoor, Mala Sinha ( her only Mythological film), Sulochana, Gope, Badri Prasad etc etc. The Heroine of this film was Mala Sinha. It is mentioned in HFGK and also features in the credits of the film. However,strangely, she always avoided accepting that she ever worked in this film.

Mala Sinha came from Calcutta to make a career in Bombay films. In Calcutta she worked in a Bilingual film ‘Chitrangada-54’ in Bangla and Hindi. In 54 again, she did her first film in Bombay, Badshah-54 (released on 15-10-54), then came Hamlet-54 (released on 7-1-55), Riyasat-55 and Ekadashi-55.

In all her interviews, Mala Sinha always quoted “Rangeen Raten”-56 with Shammi Kapoor as her first film in Bombay. She was ashamed of revealing that in film Riyasat-55, her Hero was Mahipal and in film Ekadashi-55 it was Trilok Kapoor. She always hid this fact. There are many Heroines who want to hide their struggling days. For example,in the film “Professor”-62 Shammi Kapoor’s Heroine was Kalpana. Though touted as her first film, her first film was Pyar ki Jeet-62, opposite Mahipal- a fact which Kalpana always hid from everyone.

Similarly, A grade Heroine Meena Kumari also had done several Mythological and costume films before Baiju Bawra took her high up and above other Heroines. Films like Veer Ghatotkach-49, Shri Ganesh Mahima-50, Laxmi Narayan-51, Hanuman Paataal vijay-51 and Alladin aur Jadui Chirag-52 had Mahipal as her Hero. In her later years, she always hid her earlier film Heroes.

Even comedian Johnny Walker, who is supposed to have made a beginning with Baazi-51, had earlier worked in “The last message or Aakhri paigham”-49. However this fact is not told by anyone.

Not only actors, but even singers do this. They hesitate to say that they first sang for C grade films. Take the case of Sudha Malhotra, who used to declare Arzoo-50 as her first film, under Anil Biswas, but she never told that earlier she had sung 3 songs in film Aakhri paigham-49, under the baton of Abid Hussein Khan, composer.

Lyricists are not far behind. Gulzar’s first song was not from Bandini – 63, as is claimed. He has written lyrics in films Choron ki Baraat-60, Diler Haseena-60 and Shriman Satyawadi-60. He wrote these songs as Gulzar Deenvi. Then he wrote lyrics in the film Kabuliwala-61 and Prempatra-62 in the name of Gulzar. Even then he claims Bandini-63 as his first film- which is wrong.

It is very unfortunate that once the artiste becomes famous, he tends to forget his humble beginning with a less known film or a composer. This is because they are ashamed of it. I feel the blame also goes to people who take their interview, because the interview takers do not do proper homework. Many times they do not know anything and simply note down whatever is told by the artiste.

Coming back to today’s film Ekadashi-1955, many of the younger generation may not know what Ekadashi means. Not their fault. Children learn from what goes around , first in the family and then in the world around them.

What is Ekadashi ?

Ekadasi, is the eleventh lunar day (Tithi) of the shukla (bright) or krishna (dark) paksha (fortnight) of every lunar month in the Hindu calendar (Panchang). In Hinduism and Jainism it is considered a spiritually beneficial day. Scriptures recommend observing an (ideally waterless) fast from sunrise on the day of Ekadashi to sunrise on the day following Ekadashi. Hindu scriptures teach that it is especially important to avoid all beans and all grains on this day because on the day of Ekadashi these two foods are contaminated by sin, one should eat only fruits and vegetables and milk products on this day. Ekadashi day is recognized as the best of all days to fast because it is on this day of the moon phase in which the rays of the moon actually nourish the subtle nerves and feelings of the heart.

Two Ekadashis occur in one month according to positions of the moon. The progression of the moon from full moon to new moon is divided into fifteen equal arcs. Each arc measures one lunar day, called “tithi”: The time it takes the moon to traverse that distance is the length of that lunar day. Ekadashi refers to the 11the tithi, or lunar day. The eleventh tithi therefore corresponds to a precise phase of the waxing and waning moon: In the bright half of the lunar month, the moon will appear roughly 3/4 full on Ekadashi, and in the dark half of the lunar month, the moon will be about 3/4 dark on Ekadashi.

Bhagavata Purana (sk. IX, adhy. 4) notes the observation of Ekadashi by Ambarisha, a devotee of Vishnu.

Ekadashi Vrat is supposed to be very important. In Maharashtra, the Ekadashi falling in the month of ASHADH is celebrated at Vitthal Mandir in the Holy city of Pandharpur. Lakhs of devotees walk for 21 days,barefoot, to reach the temple. It is called VAARI. Here is more information-

Ashadhi Ekadashi , Pandharpur

The Pandharpur yatra is held on Aashadi Ekadashi (June- July). One of the most famous pilgrimages in Maharashtra, Pandharpur Ashadhi Ekadashi Wari has been taking place for more than 700 years. This is a religious padyatra,which comprises over 1 million pilgrims traveling for 21 days to Vithoba temple by foot. Numerous palkhis (processions) from various towns and villages join the main palkhi that starts from Sant Tukaram Temple at Dehu in Pune district. The yatra culminates at the Vithoba temple on Ashadi Ekadasi at Pandharpur. The annual Pandharpur Yatra to the famous Vithoba Temple at Pandharpur in Maharashtra is an unparalleled pilgrimage that breaks the barriers of caste, creed, rich and poor. The main rituals are performed in the early morning (0300hrs).

This is not unique to Maharashtra. Almost in every state of India, such pilgrimages are undertaken. Speaking of the South, the pilgrimage to Lord Ayyappa on Sabarimala Hills in Kerala is famous. After 40 days of Penance and Abstinence, devotees walk-in Black Clothes- to Sabari Malai. In the North the pilgrimage to Mata Vaishno Devi is well known. In the East people visit Kamakhya Devi on a Pilgrimage. Not millions, but Billions of Indians do these pilgrimages.

The film was directed by a veteran – Dada Gunjal. Director Vishnupant Mathaji Gunjal or simply Dada Gunjal, was born in Kolhapur in 1904. He was not interested in education,so after passing his matriculation,he joined the film industry. Initially he worked in various capacities,but concentrated on Directing the films. He established his own Gunjal Production company at Bombay and directed his first silent film Collegian in 1929. Soon ,realising that producing films was not his cake,he shifted to Directing films for Vishwesh film company,Bombay making silent films like Bharati, The Bandit, Vijeta,Bewafa Qatil, Khabardar, Bhedi Khanjar etc.

When Talkie films started ,he directed Bhakta ke bhagwan and Ambarish in 1934. Dada Gunjal directed in all 37 films. Some of his films were,Bhakta Dhruv, Panihari, Aparadhi, Ekadashi, Mata, Mamta, Tulsi, Bhakta ke Bhagwan, Noorjehan, Baaraat, Kirti, Pati patni, Alakh Niranjan, Mother india -1938 etc.

Dada Gunjal died in 1968.

The story of film Ekadashi-1955 was-

In the days of the King Rukmangad of Ayodhya, the King and all his subjects, Proud or Humble, adhered to this Fast and as a result, while they lived on this planet they had Peace of Mind and therefore Temporal Bliss and after death ascended to Heaven. Now that all Ayodhya people went to Heaven-and Ayodhya was a vast and populous kingdom-the population of Hell fell colossally. This caused great anxiety to the King of Hell-YAMRAJ, as his Prowess as King narrowed down with the diminished numbers. He took upon himself to create a breach in the strict observance of the fast by the King Rukmangad: as like King, like subjects, all would follow suit and prosperity would reign supreme in Hell. But all the manoeuvres of Yamraj fell flat against the religious fervour with which the King followed the observance. As a last resort, Yamraj got Mohini by supplicating to Brahma. Mohini-beauty incarnate in female form-was a power that subdued all it saw; sages or saints, high or low. The ordeal of putting up resistance to this force was too much for Rukmangad and he staggered. Diamond cuts diamond and woman does likewise. The Maharani Sandhyavalli knew this and her efforts and sacrifices to save her lord proved all in vain. The King’s heroic struggles against beauty aroused were wasted and when all seemed black for this holy pair their son, Dharmangad, rose to the sally of beauty. Child against beauty-both the highest creations of the Almighty were arrayed face to face. Finally,it was the victory of Good over Evil. Mohini accepted her defeat and withdrew. Thus the importance of Ekadashi Vrat remained intact.

Here is a song from this film sung by Lata Mangeshkar and chorus.


Song- Man ka mail tu dho le re dhobaniya (Ekaadashi)(1955) Singer- Lata, Lyricist- Pt. B C Madhur, MD- Avinash Vyas
Chorus

Lyrics

Man ka mail tu dho le re dhobaniya aa aa
Man ka mail tu dho le
Man ka mail tu dho le re dhobaniya aa aa
Man ka mail tu dho le
jag ke praani roz badalte
apne apne chole re dhobaniya aa aa
Man ka mail tu dho le
Man ka mail tu dho le re dhobaniya aa aa
Man ka mail tu dho le

Moh maaya ka bojh uthhaa kar
nainon ke panghat par jaa kar
kaam krodh mad lobh ko dho le
ghaat ghaat kyun doley re dhobaniya aa aa
Man ka mail tu dho le
jai Gange
jai Gange
har har Gange jai Gange
jai Gange
jai Gange
har har Gange jai Gange

kapde dhote umar khoyegi
karmon ka kab mail dhoyegi
ek aasraa us dhobi ka
teri wo gathhri khole re dhobaniya aa aa
Man ka mail tu dho le
jai Gange
jai Gange
har har Gange jai Gange
jai Gange
jai Gange
har har Gange jai Gange

Bramha Vishnu Shiv is jal mein
uske paap katenge pal mein
ek baar jo patit paavan
Ganga ki jai boley re dgobaniya aa aa
Man ka mail tu dho le
jai Gange
jai Gange
har har Gange jai Gange
jai Gange
jai Gange
har har Gange jai Gange
jai Gange
jai Gange
har har Gange jai Gange
jai Gange
jai Gange
har har Gange jai Gange


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4719 Post No. : 16427

When film making started in India, most films-i.e. about 98 %, were based on Religious Mythological or Folk stories. Even in that early era, there were Producers and Directors, who dared to make films on unusual but interesting subjects like Fictional kingdoms, highly scientific discoveries etc. Worth mentioning are a few films like Prabhat’s ‘ Wahan alias Beyond the Horizon’-1937, Prakash pictures’ ‘Mr. X’-38, Ranjit’s ‘ Prof. Waman M.Sc.’, Sagar’s ‘ 300 days and after’-38, Adarsha Chitra, Calcutta’s ‘ India in Africa’-1939 (first film to do shooting outside India, in foreign countries), Sagar’s ‘ Mahageet ‘-37 and the best film by Prakash Pictures-” Khwaab ki duniya’-1937. ( there may be some more such films too).

Not all such offbeat films succeeded, but surely they provided a Ray of Hope that Indian cinema will surely come out of this beaten track and grandma stories. I am not very sure, but I have a strong feeling that during the early films of the 40s, a few C grade action and stunt films too were made on such offbeat themes. One such film is Master Bhagwan’s ” Bhedi Bungala alias House of Mystery “-1949, India’s first Horror film. ( during the shooting, in one scene Bhagwan had to keep his eyes wide open-as if in fear. He stretched them so much and for such a long time that for one day he lost sight of both eyes. After the doctor’s treatment he regained his vision. Can we expect such dedication in today’s actors, in general ?).

For lack of proper documentation, we are unable to comment on such films of yore. As far back as 1936, Prabhat film company had made a film on Mutiny on the sea by a brave woman- Amar Jyoti-1936, featuring a new heroine- Durga Khote. Life on ships and sword fighting by a woman was mesmerising the audience.

The celestial entities have always enticed the Human Race. They were effectively used in sciences like Astrology and Astronomy. Since time immemorial Man always wanted to visit these planets sans The Sun. Moon was the centre of attraction. Could the Hindi filmmakers keep off from making a film on this theme ? Most kept off ! They , perhaps, thought it safe to use The Moon (चांद ) only in songs and dialogues. However, going through the list of film titles, I found that films using the word Chand in the titles were made, but barring a few C grade stunt and action films, this ‘ Chand ‘ was alluding to something else like the Lover, beloved and other similar things.

Film titled only Chaand were made in -1934,1944 and 1959. Then there were 13 films having ‘ Chand ‘ in their titles. As far as I gather, there were only 2 films made on fictional stories involving the Planet Moon. One was Chand ki Duniya-1959 and the other was Chand pe Chadhai (Trip to the Moon)-1967.

Today’s song is from film Chaand ki duniya-59. It is quite a long song….7.41 minutes to be exact. the video reveals that the song is filmed on the Hero Soham Kapila, the heroine Nalini Chonkar and the comedian Ram Avtar. If you remember, he had a hilarious role in film Teesri manzil-1966 as a co-passenger of Shammi Kapoor.

Ram Avtar Pandey, from Rampur-UP, started his filmi career in 1938 with character roles. In the early 50s, he switched to comedy, when he gained weight and a pot belly. Ram Avtar was a fixture in many Nasir Hussain films. His roles in Badi Behan-49,Nagin-54, Hum sub chor hain-56, Tumsa nahin dekha-57, Jab pyar kisi se hota hai-61, Phir vohi dil laya hoon-63, Teesri Manzil-67, Yaadon ki Baraat etc are memorable. His last film was Prem Geet-1981. He acted in 133 Hindi films.

The film was made by Filmistan, a big banner. Unfortunately, it was made as a quicky, without much interest. The film was directed by Mohan Sinha (grandfather of actress Vidya Sinha, of Rajnigandha-74 fame). The MD was Nirmal Kumar alias S.D.Batish.

Many composers gave music to C grade films using Pseudonyms. For example, C. Ramchandra gave music to action films in the name of ” Annasaheb”, S D Batish used the name Nirmal Kumar, Durrani used Gunjan as his name, to quote a few examples. But one name hardly anyone knows and that is Anil Biswas. Yes, when he gave music to film Begunah-1949, he used the name as Haribhai. His co-MD was Shyamu- which was C. Ramchandra ! This information is given in The Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema by Rajadhyaksha.

The cast of the film was Sohan Kapila, Nalini Chonkar, Ram Avtar, P. Kailash, Badri Prasad, Husn Bano, Indira Bansal, B M Vyas, Vijay Kumar, Noor (wife of Johnny Walker) etc etc. the banner was good, story was fine, songs were good, MD was good, Heroine and Director were good. The whole problem was with the dumb Hero- Sohan Kapila. he was one actor who was a Non Actor.

It is said that ‘No trees can grow under a Banyan Tree’. This is absolutely true and applicable in Film industry. Except in cases like the Kapoor family, i.e. Raj, Shammi and Shashi, who made their bright careers despite the shadow of their Father and other Brothers, we find that many of the sons,daughters,brothers or sisters of many popular and famous film stars were failures and never made it big in Hindi cinema.

We know cases like Suneil Anand, Nasir Khan, Tony walker, Naina Sahu, Meera Joglekar, Ajit Chitnis, Rajendranath, Narendranath, Anup kumar, Mallika, Khursheed Jr., Simple Kapadiya, Shivangi Kolhapure, Preeti ganguly, Radhika and many more. In spite of having all the backing of the famous family members, these and such many others just did not make it, because Talents are not always hereditary !

They all were given a fair opportunity to display their talent on the screen, but unfortunately despite their honest effort their skill could not come out & the viewers were left unimpressed . They were selected by big banners and well experienced directors were there to guide them. But their talent remained hidden inside them and with their nonexistent artistry they disappointed their mentors. Non-actor Sohan Kapila was in the romantic lead of Filmistan’s Babar ,which was released in 1960. Hemen Gupta , distinguished director, who earlier had directed Anand Math for Filmistan ,directed the movie and it also had the winning combination of Sahir & Roshan.

Dependable character actor Gajanan Jagirdar did the role of great Moghal Emperor Babar. But the movie flopped, as the new hero failed pathetically to register any emotion on his face. A big jolt for Seth Tola Ram Jalaan, who was already facing financial problems. Mr. Kapila appeared in 2-3 movies in inconsequential roles and disappeared from scene for ever. His daughter Padmini Kapila also pursued film career, but could not achieve much success .

There were many other actors like him, who got chances to appearopposite illustrious heroines, unfortunately their effort did not make any impact on the cine loving public. Watching their miserable performance on the screen, no film maker came forward to sign them again. Out of sight is out of mind, it was a matter of time when public as well as film industry forgot them.

Malhaar, as the name suggests, a musical film produced by great singer Mukesh in 1951. It had a story by veteran actor S K Prem & its evergreen music was composed by Roshan. The movie had newcomers Arjun & Shammi (Nargis Rabaadi ). Arjun did get another chance in Daku Ki Ladki to please the viewers with his emoting before the camera, but could not succeed and it was the end of his career.

Rattan Chopra the lucky boy was selected for films, among hundreds of aspirants. Mohan Kumar had suffered a huge set back when Aman flopped. He took the newcomer for Mom Ki Gudia, opposite Tanuja, with great hopes. Unfortunately, Mom Ki Gudia failed to dispel the gloom and sank to the rock bottom. Acting was not his cup of tea, Rattan Chopra understood and wisely opted out of the race of stardom.

K. Amarnath introduced new comer Vijay Kumar in his 1954 offering Alif Laila opposite Nimmi & Asha Mathur . Sohan Kapila and Vijay Kumar had impressive physique, but had no clue about acting. The movie had lilting music by Shyam Sunder ,which was his last contribution towards film industry .Helen for the first time got a chance to perform solo in the movie & for many decades she remained on top. But for Vijay Kumar it was his first & last chance.

Another non actor Premendra was introduced by old timer Vijay Bhatt in Holi Aayee Re (1970),which was directed by his younger sibling Harsukh Bhatt. It was pathetic to watch Premendra unsuccessfully trying to showcase his imaginary ability in the field of acting. The movie flopped phenomenally & a huge investment made by Bhatt Brothers went up in a cloud of smoke.

There were some more like Pratibha Sinha, Archan Gupta, Jayant Gupta, Ashok Sharma, Nusrat Kardar, Rajeev Kapoor, Manish Kumar, Navinchandra, Aroop Kumar, Prashant, Shalini, Kaycee Mehra, Vikram, Shekhar Suman, Deepak Kumar, Ajay, Som Dutt and many more.

With all this no wonder the film was a flop and a good story was wasted. Today’s song is the 4th song of this film on the Blog. But the song is good. Enjoy….

(some information is used from an article by M N Sardana ji in Voh din yaad karo. Thanks to him)


Song- Lee haay lee haay lippip pippi…aayee jawaani badi deewaani (Chaand Ki Duniya)(1959) Singers-Manna Dey, Asha Bhonsle, Unknown male voice, Lyricist- Qamar Jalalabadi, MD- Nirmal Kumar aka S D Batish
Manna Dey + Asha Bhonsle
All chorus
Female chorus
Male chorus

Lyrics

hahahahahaha

li haay li haayi lippip pippi
li hayi li hayi lippip pippi
li hayi hayi lippi pippi pi

aahaha
la hayi la hayi lappap pappa
la hayi la hayi lappap pappa
la hayi la hayi lappa pappa paa

o ho ho
li hayi li hayi lippip pippi
li hayi li hayi lippip pippi
li hayi li hayi lippip pippi pi

aahaha
la hayi la hayi lappap pappa
la hayi la hayi lappap pappa
la hayi la hayi lappa pappa pa

o ho hoho

ye pappa pappi chhodo
chhodo ye haali holi
kuchh bolo humaari boli

tumhaari boli
haan humaari boli
aayi jawaani badi deewaani
dekho kya kya laayi jawaani

aaha
hans le gaa le maauj mana le
jaa ke phir na aaye jawaani

waah waah
aayi jawaani badi deewaani
dekho kya kya laayi jawaani aaha
hans le gaa le

mauj mana le
jaa ke phir na aaye jawaani waah waah

arre laaga laaga laaga
teri ankhiyon ka dil pe nishaana
jaaga jaaga jaaga
tere pyaar ka sapna suhaana

o o o o
laaga laaga laaga
teri ankhiyon ka dil pe nishaana

jaaga jaaga jaaga
tere pyaar ka sapna suhaana

sapna suhaana
o ho
aaha
baanki chaal ada mastaani
dekho kya kya laayi jawaani
aaha

dil ko milale dhoom machaale
jake phir na aaye jawaani waah waah

aa aa aa aa aaaa aa aa aaaa
aa aa aa aa aa

aa aa aa aa aa aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa

ye sama ye khushi jhoom uthhi zindagi
dil ke gulzar mein phool sa aa khil gaya
dil ke ye raaste jagmagaane lage
muskuraane lage jaane kya aa aa mil gaya
baat baat mein bani kahaani
dekho kya kya laayi jawaani aaha
dil ko milaale dhoom machaale
jake phir na aaye jawaani waah waah

aayi jawaani
badi diwaani
dekho kya kya laayi jawaani aaha
hans le gaa le
mauj mana le
jaa ke phir na aaye jawaani waah waah

o tere bin mora jiya laage na
o tere bin mora jiya laage na
o tere bin mora
o more bin tora
o dekho dekho dekho
jiya la la la la la laage na
tera roop ghazab ka jaani
dekho kya kya laayi jawaani aaha

dil ko milale dhoom machale
jake phir na aaye jawaani waah waah

aayi jawaani
badi deewaani
dekho kya kya laayi jawaani aaha
hans le gaa le
mauj mana le
jaa ke phir na aaye jawaani, waah waah

haay maara maara maara
tere teekhe teekhe nakhron ne maara
dekho dekho behke kadam
zara dena ji sahaara

ho ho ho ho
maara maara maara
tere teekhe teekhe nakhron ne maara

dekho dekho bahke kadam zara dena ji sahaara
dena ji sahaara
o ho
aaha
mausam pyaara raat suhaani
dekho kya kya laayi jawaani aaha

dil ko milaa le dhoom machaa le
jaake phir na aaye jawaani waah waah

arre dhokha dhokha dhokhaa nahin khaana
yehi mauka hai shikaari
jeete jeete jeete khel khel mein jo
wohi hai khilaadi
haan wohi hai khilaadi
o ho
aa haa

samjho dil ki baat suhaani
dekho kya kya laayi jawaani aa haa
dil ko milaa le dhoom machaa le
jaake phir na aaye jawaani waah waah

aayi jawaani
badi deewaani
dekho kya kya laayi jawaani aaha
hans le gaa le
mauj manaa le
jaake phir na aaye jawaani waah waah

ab gaao pappa pappi
ab gaao halli huli
kuchh samjho hamaari boli

tumhaari boli
haan
hamaari boli

laa hai laa hai lappap pappa
laa hai laa hai lappap pappa
waada pakka
laa hai laa hai lappap pappa
laa hai laa hai lappap pappa

bilkul sachcha
samajhne waale samajh gaye
jo naa samjhe wo kakka

laa hai laa hai lappap pappa
laa hai laa hai lappap pappa
laa hai laa hai lappap pappa
waah

li hai li hai lippip pippi
li hai li hai lippip pippi
li hai li hai lippip pippi pi

hoy laa hai laa hai lappap pappa
laa hai laa hai lappap pappa
laa hai laa hai lappap pappa paa

li hai li hai lippip pippi
li hai li hai lippip pippi
li hai li hai lippip pippi pi

hahahahahaha
hahahahaha


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4717 Post No. : 16425 Movie Count :

4462

Today’s song is from a film called Daughters of India-1939. The film was made by Super Pictures, Bombay. It was directed by V M Vyas and the Music Director was Pt. Ram Gopal Pandey. Twelve songs of this film were written by Munshi A. Shah ‘Aziz’. The cast of the film was Khursheed, Ashiq Hussain,Radha Devi, Vimla Devi, Shah Ali, Leela etc.etc.

Film’s Hero Ashiq Hussain hailed from U.P. He was a Handsome person. He could act and also sing reasonably well. He was selected by Jaddanbai as a side Hero in her first film “Talash E Haq”-1935, wherein, her own daughter Nargis also made a Debut as a Child Artiste with the name Baby Rani. Jaddanbai was in the female lead opposite Yaqub, who also hailed from a Tawayef family. Ashiq hussain acted in all the 5 films made by jaddanbai, namely Madame fashion-36, Hriday manthan-36, Moti ka Haar and Jeevan Swapna-37- all directed by her. Ashiq hussain acted in 25 films. His last film was ‘ Utho Jaago”-1947, in which he was cast opposite actress Shahzadi. She was also the producer of the film. After the film was released, Ashiq Hussain married Shahzadi and they both migrated to Pakistan.

I do not know what was the story of the film Daughters of india-39. I had seen an advertisement of this film in Film India magazine, wherein they said ” after Mother India-38, another social film “. However I found that both films were made by different banners and different Directors too. The Music Director was the same.

I have heard 3 songs from the film Daughters of india-39 and frankly I was disillusioned. The songs are so drab and have almost the same style and same tune-with slight variation. I also happened to listen to some songs from other films of Ram Gopal pandey, like Kisan kanya-37 and mother india. They are so unmusical. No wonder Ram Gopal got only C grade action and stunt films.

Music Director Ram Gopal Pande was variously credited as R G Pande, Ram Gopal, Ram Gopal Pandey etc. He hailed from U.P. After trying to become a singer unsuccessfully, he became assistant to many well known composers and learned the methods.

His first break came in 1936 with ‘ Matwali Jogan’ aka A girl from Lahore. Then he was called by the Imperial film company for its first colour film Kisan Kanya-37. Master Nisar and Padma Devi’s songs became popular, so he was given two more films- Mere Laal-37 and Vasant Bangalee-38.

Then came Mother india-38, Actress kyon bani-39, Flying Rani-39, Perfect man-38, Daughters of India-39 and Chalti Duniya-40. He was then connected with Mohan Pictures. He did other movies like Tatar ka chor-40, Deepak Mahal-40, Captain Kishore-40, Jadui Bandhan-41, Shahzadi-41, Bulbul E Baghdad-41, Bandukwali-44, Hoor E Jungle-46, Baghdad ka Chor-46, Arab ka chand-46, Ali Baba-46.

His last film seems to be Angoorbala-47. He was left behind as his music was stage and drama type only. He did not change the style either. In all he gave music to 22 films and composed 203 songs. None of his songs are remembered today. No other information is available on him.

Even the director of this film was V M Vyas who specialised in films of low budgets and C grade films generally. Vishnukumar Maganlal Vyas was born on 4-11-1905 in Ahmedabad. He started his career in 1927 as a Cinematographer. His company, Sunrise films, was started in 1941. He produced and directed 30 Hindi ( 3 Silent and 27 Talkie films) and many Gujarati films . He died on 24-1-1962 at Bombay. Vyas was a very hardworking person and a man of ‘ never say die ‘ spirit. He was disciplined and did not tolerate any nonsense. He was also known as a very miser. Being a Vaishnav, his stars would get only vegetarian food during shootings. If they wanted Non Veg food, they had to pay for it.

His first Talkie film was Saubhagya Lakshmi-34 and the last was Naag Devta-81.

Famous writer Manto has described in his book an incident about Noorjehan and V.M.Vyas.

At the time of film Naukar-43, the pair of Shaukat Hussain and Nur jehan troubled Vyas to no end. Not attending the shoots on time, asking for extra money on some pretext or the other and in general giving trouble and mental torture to Vyas were common. Not only this, additionally Nur jehan and Shaukat used to take interesting property materials from the sets to their house-like furniture, decorative vase, cupboards etc. Vyas kept quiet till the film was complete.

Once the film was completed and released, he registered an F.I.R against both of them for stealing studio equipment. To utter dishonour of Noor jehan, a police raid was made on her residence and all the furniture, tables, decorative pieces etc. , which she had taken from the sets were confiscated and the court fined her also.

Thus Vyas did not keep quiet when it was his turn and taught a lesson to Noor jehan and Shaukat Hussain, for troubling him.

After listening to songs of early era films made in Bombay, no wonder the film songs from Calcutta films became more popular. It must have been a breath of fresh air to the audience.

This song was given to me by Shri Abhay Jain jee (US) and it was uploaded by Sadanand Kamath jee for me. I thank both.
With this song, the film Daughters of India-39 makes its debut on the Blog.


Song-Tum ho sajni meri tamanna(Daughters of India)(1939) Singers- Ashiq Hussain, Khursheed Bano, Lyricist-Munshi A Shah ‘ Aziz’, MD- Pandit Ram Gopal Pandey
Both

Lyrics

Tum ho o sajni meri tamanna
sajni ee meri tamanna
tum ho saajan mera sahaara
tum ho saajan mera sahaara

aao nayi ek duniya basaa kar
aao nayi ek duniya basaa kar
us mein prem ka baag lagaayen
hum roothhen aen
tum hamko manaao

tum roothho ham tumko manaayen
tum roothho ham tumko manaayen

jahaan sadiyaan haan jahaan sadiyaan
jahaan sadiyaan
jahaan sadiyaan khil khil jaati hon
jahaan prem ki neenden aati hon
haan

jahaan koyal boley koo koo koo
jahaan ?? boley choon choon choon
prem badariya chhaayi ho sajni ee
barse amrit dhaara aa aa
prem badariya chhaayi ho sajni ee
barse amrit dhaara aa
tum ho
tum ho
tum ho o o


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4713 Post No. : 16419

Today’s song is from the film Adhikar-1938. Made at Calcutta by New Theatres, the film was directed by P C Barua, who also acted in the film’s both versions-Bangla and Hindi. The film title was the same in both. While the Bangla version released on 12-1-1939, the Hindi version was delayed and released on 21-10-1939.

In the early era of film making, right from the Silent films, Bombay was the most active and important film centre. Two local communities in Bombay were predominantly engaged in filmmaking. One was the Gujarati – who were shrewd businessmen who had an eye on the profits. The other local community was Marathis. Marathi people were poor in finance, bereft of business acumen, they were very good performers. So, they were inclined to acting, direction,production, Art direction, story writing, Music directions, singing etc. Everything and anything that did not involve finance or business !

This continued till the Talkie arrived. Then one more player joined in and that was Bengali community from Calcutta. They recognised the need to showcase their films on the All India platform to make their film industry viable. So, making Hindi films for the All India market started. The pioneers in Cinema in Bengal – the Madons had their own network of Cinema Theatres and after a while New Theatres too established their film distribution network in North, West and South India.

Bengalis were hardworking and intelligent in those days and so understood the mechanics of successful films.First thing that they did was to use established novels and stories from the Bengali literature to make films. The Madons had bought the rights of all the novels of Bankimchandra Chatterjee and the New Theatres followed suit by using Sharadchandra Chatterji and the rest of the famous writers. This made their film’s base strong. Secondly, they introduced their favourite and revered Rabindra Sangeet in film songs. To the Bombay audience, who was bored with classical and stage drama music, this was a welcome change. Thus, in the early years of Talkie films i.e. 1933 to almost 1945, Calocutta contributed substantially in making films popular and profitable.

Automatically, many Bangla artistes tried their hand at acting and Music making in Hindi films. Have you ever heard of these names ?
Radhacharan Bhattacharya, Motibabu, N R Bhattacharya, Shoolpani Mukherjee, S P Mukherjee, V V Ganguly, Niren Lahiri, Shivrani Ghosh, A C Biswas, Bhishmadev Chatterjee etc etc .

I am sure none of these names ring any bell in your mind. Simply because they are not famous Bangla names. Let me tell you that these are some names of Bangla Music Directors, who gave music to Hindi films in the 30s and 40s. The contribution of Bangla artistes in various fields of film making, especially Music composition and singing has been sizable. Over a period, with the emergence and strengthening of regional centres, the contribution started reducing and in a period of 20 years,it trickled to the minimum.

In the decade of the 30s Music Directors like R C Boral, Pankaj Mullik, K C Dey, Timir Baran, Anupam Ghatak and Anil Biswas contributed heavily by building the base of Hindi Film music. In the 40s it was Pannalal Ghosh, Kamal Dasgupta, Pt.Ravishankar and Ram Ganguly. In the 50s it was S D Burman, Salil Chaudhary and Hemant Kumar. In the 60s it was Robin Banerjee, in the 70s it was only R D Burman and in the 80s it was only Bappi Lahiri.

Similarly, among Singers too the initial high number came down over a period. To start with it was K C Dey, Anil Biswas, Ashok Kumar, Asit baran, Harimati Dua, Kalyani Das(real name Zareena), Kanan Devi, Pahadi Sanyal, Pankaj Mullik, Parul Ghosh, Maya Banerjee etc. Then came Ashima Banerjee, Geeta Dutt, Hemant Kumar, Jagmohan, Juthika Roy, Manna Dey, Ranu Mukherjee, Sandhya Mukherjee, Sailesh Mukherjee, Shankar Dasgupta, Subir Sen, Utpala Sen etc. In the 70 to 85 period it was mainly Kishore Kumar, Amit kumar, Aarti Mukherjee, Bappi Lahiri, Runa Laila, Kalyani Mitra, Pankaj Mitra, Sapan Chakravarty etc. After 85 the number was reduced to Shreya Ghoshal, Abhijeet, Babul Supriyo etc.
(All names are only indicative and not exhaustive).

Amongst the singers from Bengal, possibly Pahadi Sanyal acted in the maximum number of Hindi films-36. He sang 70 songs in 20 Hindi films, the rest were for only acting. His songs with Uma Shashi, Kanan Devi, Molina Devi and Sehgal were famous. Luku Sanyal-the English news Reader of early Doordarshan News was his daughter. Today’s film Adhikar-38 had music by Timir baran bhattacharya. The cast of the film was P C Barua, Jamuna, Menaka, Pahadi Sanyal, Pankaj Mullik, Jagdish Sethi, Bikram Kapooretc.etc. From the cast, Menaka Devi was a member of Same Name Confusion, as there was another Menaka-actress and singer- from Bombay in the same time period.

Menaka Devi (Calcutta Wali) was born in Varanasi on 23-1-1921. Her mother was a resident of the holy city although her father was from Bengal. She studied upto Matriculation. She could speak fluent English and Hindi, but not much of Bangla, having been raised in Varanasi. Her interest in music and dance took her to Bombay where she starred in a couple of films like Prince Thaksen (1929), Uttara Abhimanyu, Ishwar Ki Maut and others as a child artiste. When the Talkie started she acted and sang in Bhedi Rajkumar-34, Pyara Dushman-35 and Krishna Shishtai – 35.

Reportedly, she met the legendary film director Debaki Bose of Bengal during a train journey and he was so impressed by her that he decided to cast her in the lead role of his next venture in the Hindi version of the bilingual Sonar Sansar (1936 in Bangla and Sunehra Sansar-36 in Hindi) and thus began the illustrious career of Menaka Devi.

Her devotion to work was such that she learnt Bengali, her mother tongue although she was anything but fluent in it having spent all her life till then outside Bengal, so that she could play the same role (that of Alka) in the Bengali version also. Dhiraj Bhattacharya was her first hero on the screen. P.C.Barua, who was on the lookout for a young and fresh face to play Jharna in his forthcoming production Mukti (1937) selected her for both the versions ( Bangla and Hindi) and a flow started whereby she starred in films like Adhikar (1939), Abhigyan (1938), Bardidi (1939 in Bangla and Badi Didi in Hindi), Rajat Jayanti (1940) and others.

She decided to try her luck in Bombay around 1944 and starred in a few films there and definitely made her presence felt although playing the second lead most of the time. Kishore Sahu procured her services for Hamari Duniya (1952). She was married to Pannalal Shrivastav and had 1 daughter ( Jaya Ganguly). She turned producer also and this proved her undoing. Both her films as producer, Apna na Huye Apne (No information of this film,probably incomplete) and Jeene Do-48, both starring herself with prominent Bombay stars flopped.

She returned to Calcutta a broken woman and found to her dismay that roles were not coming to her. She joined the MG Enterprise, a drama group of Molina Devi and performed on the stage to continue to live as an actress. She even arranged magic shows along with husband Pannalal Srivastava while small roles came pouring in films like Ekti Raat (1956) and others. The feature that strikes even today while seeing her performance is the spontaneous nature of her acting. Why good roles eluded her is a mystery. She was last seen on the screen in Bhombal Sardar (1983). In all, she acted in 60 films-Bangla and Hindi together. She was in 19 Hindi films and sang 8 songs in 4 Hindi films.

Her end came on 22-1- 2004 after a prolonged fight not only against poor health but also poverty. Her death was reported only in one Bengali daily although news of her death received good coverage on television.

Here is a small note on Jagdish Sethi.

Jagdish Sethi was born on 15-1-1903 at Pind Dandan Khan (Campbellpore) in Punjab.

After matriculation in 1920, he graduated from Lahore. He was known as a fighter in college due to his dominating nature. He joined the film line as assitant cameraman in Punjab film company in 1928.

He went to Calcutta to work as an extra in New Theatres, came back to Bombay and worked in Alam Ara-31. He went back to New Theatres in 1933 and worked in films like President,Anath Ashram,Mukti, jawani ki reet,Ghar ki laaj etc.

He worked in about 85 films in his career. In Bombay he was famous as a person with changing moods. He did not have many friends. He worked in films made by Imperial, Amar Movietone, Maiden Films, New Theatres, Laxmi Productions (belonging to L V Prasad), Janak Productions, Filmistan etc etc. He started his own J.S.Productions and produced and directed films like Do Dil-47, Raat ki Rani-49, Jaggu-52 and Pensioner-54.

He amassed huge wealth. He was fond of Racing, Cards and Tennis. He was also a writer and published a book “Hichkiyan”-short stories on Film world.

He died on 12-6-1969.

Today’s song is sung by Pankaj Mullik, Pahadi Sanyal and Pratap Mukherji. The tune of today’s song is similar to one used in film Forty Days-1959 song of Asha-Manna Dey “Naseeb hoga mera meherbaan kabhi na kabhi”….MD-Bipin-Babul. Enjoy….


Song- Aish waalon se gareebi ki museebat na kaho (Adhikaar)(1938) Singers- Pankaj Mullik, Pahadi Sanyal, Pratap Mukherjee, Lyricist-Arzoo Lucknavi, MD- Timir Baran Bhattacharya

Lyrics

Aish waalon se gareebi ki museebat na kaho
Aish waalon se gareebi ki museebat na kaho
zakhm ki tarah hanso
haan zakhm ki tarah hanso
dard ki haalat na kaho
Aish waalon se gareebi ki museebat na kaho

sukh mein jo hain
unhen kya kadr (??)
paraaye jo thhaken
haan aan aan
sukh mein jo hain
unhen kya kadr (??)
paraaye jo thhaken
haan aan aan
haan haan
haan aan
?? se achcha hai ke haajat(??) na kaho
?? se achcha hai ke haajat(??) na kaho
Aish waalon se gareebi ki museebat na kaho

sabr kadva hai magar
haan aan aan
sabr kadva hai magar
sabr ka phal meethha aa hai ae
haan aan aan
haan
bhes badli hui ??aahat ko
??yat na kaho
bhes badli hui ??aahat ko
??yat na kaho
Aish waalon se gareebi ki museebat na kaho

Bhed khulta hai
bharam jaataa hai
hoti hai hansi
?? aane se hi ?? na kaho
?? aane se hi ?? na kaho
Aish waalon se gareebi ki museebat na kaho

aa aa aa
apne hi munh se
haaye ye apni hi tauheen
haan aan tauheen
aa aa aa aa
apne hi munh se
haaye ye apni hi tauheen
haan aan tauheen
sharm izzat ki agar hai
to museebat na kaho
gar museebat ki agar hai
to museebat na kaho
Aish waalon se gareebi ki museebat na kaho


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4711 Post No. : 16417

MUSIC is an integral part of every Indian. From birth to death, we are drenched in music. During Vedic times, the Rishis used to teach their students verses in Taal and Sur, so that the students would remember them easily. You will have observed that whenever there is a Mahapooja or an Yadnya, the Purohits will recite the Mantras in a typical rhythm and sur.

In our school days, teachers used to literally force us to learn poems by heart in a tune, so that it was easier to remember. Not only poems, even the Maths teacher taught us the ” Pahade ” (Paadhe or the Tables) in a particular tune. That is how we remember the difficult tables of 1/4, 1/2, 3/4, 1-1/2,or the 1-1/4 etc even today. In these days of calculators and Mobiles, the tables are nowhere now !

In ancient times, Fine Arts like Dance, Drama and Music were the exclusive preserves of the Royalties and the Rich. Over a period, the commoners too found pleasures in village arts like Folk dances and Folk songs. In every festival and during the Harvesting times, there used to be musical entertainments.

Record making came to India in 1902, when a song by a professional singer ( read Tawayaf) Gauhar Jan was recorded by a German technician in a Hotel in Calcutta. A factory was set up in Dumdum,Calcutta in 1908 by the gramophone company-UK to make records in India. There was no looking back ever since. There was a spate of records of songs and geets, Bhajans and Gazals etc, by noted singers and classical gurus. By 1925, Electrical recordings started. Gramophones became popular and singers also multiplied. Records of geets, Thumris, ghazals, natya sangeet, Bhajans, Naats,love songs, sad songs etc became available and the songs became popular quickly.

In 1930, All India Radio started and in 1931 the films started talking. However, records of film songs were in general not made those days, though the first film song record came in 1932. Until about 1939-40, records of all film songs were not made from every film. So, people continued to enjoy the NON FILM SONGS by famous singers. This trend of making records of NFS was so popular that most Film singers started their careers by recording NFS. Examples are Talat Mehmood, Hemant Kumar, S D Burman, Lata, Asha, Mukesh, Rafi etc.

Those of our readers, who were young in the 40s…50s….60s, will remember the melodious NFS played on Radios and in homes. Songs of Saigal, Jagmohan, Pankaj Mullick, Kamla Jharia, Juthika Roy, Paluskar, Talat, Mukesh, Hemant etc were played in many Hotels and restaurants too.

NON FILM SONGS played a very vital role in entertaining people and in giving opportunities to singers to become famous. As Radio became popular, these songs reached millions of Indians, and the singer’s names became famous all over India. Singers like Jagmohan, Pankaj Mullick and Talat Mehmood were invited to sing their NFS on stage shows and they toured countries all over the world for these shows.

As Radio Ceylon became more and more popular after 1950 and the Vividh Bharati after 1957, film songs started getting extensive exposure and slowly they stole the limelight from the NFS. However some NFS were immortal and are remembered even today.

There is a popular equation that Non Film Songs means Talat, Jagmohan, Pankaj mullick, Juthika Roy, Hemant etc. But the fact is from 1930 onwards, almost every Film singer sang Non Film songs, because NFS had a special place in people’s heart then.

Today we are about to enjoy one such famous and very very melodious NFS by Hemant Kumar- ” Kitna dukh bhulaya tumne pyari “, which was recorded somewhere in early 40s, when Hemant Kumar started recording Bangla and Hindi Geets, prior to his involvement in film music.

Poet Lyricist Faiyaz Hashmi and composer Kamal Dasgupta were regularly churning out wonderful melodies on 78 RPM every month and listeners all over India were enjoying them fully.

Actually,in 1985,Jagmohan Sursagar wrote in his Autobiography…..

” In the initial stages Kamal Dasgupta was influenced by Rabindranath Tagore. Tagore’s songs and compositions(Rabindra sangeet) were extremely popular, but were limited to Bangla people only. Ghazal, qawwali, Dadra, Naat, Thumri, Hori, Kajari etc used to come to market but had a very limited listenership. These never reached the top.

” The fusion of Gazal,Dadra and Qawali with Bangla Geet style gave birth to Hindi Hindi Non Film Songs or geets. As such Geet had a known and accepted place in Literature, but not in Music. To establish this new Genre, Kamal babu used lyrics by Pt.Madhur, Pt. Anjum and Faiyaz Hashmi, got them sung by Jagmohan, Hemant, Talat, Juthika etc. Their records were inscribed with ‘ Hindi Geet (Hindustani Song) ‘. What thus started as NFS Geet from 1936 continued upto next 20 years non stop. “

Let us know about Faiyyaz Hashmi first……Fayyaz was born on 18-6- 1920 at Calcutta. His father, Syed Muhammad Hussain Hashmi Dilgeer was a very famous poet and writer of stage drama. He was director at the top class theater of that time named “ MADAN THEATER LTD.” He knew 8 languages.

Senior lyricist, Faiyyaz Hashmi, passed away in Karachi on Nov 29 th 2011. He shot to fame after penning lyrics for such non-film songs as ;Ye Raatein Ye Mausam; (Pankaj Mullick), ;Tasveer Teri Dil Mera; (Talat Mehmood), ;Dil Ko Hai Tum Se Pyar Kyun; (Jagmohan), ;Bhala Tha Kitna Apna Bachpan; (Hemant Kumar), and so many more rendered by the likes of Juthika Roy and Feroza Begum.

Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi is a legendary song and dialogue writer and above all a true loving person. He is by himself an institution and a common asset of the Indo-Pakistan film-world. His admirers as ever are not confined in national frontiers. Those fond of Hindi / Urdu songs anywhere in the world have affection for him. The emergence of this bright star was evidenced much before independence of India, when Fayyaz Hashmi, still a teenager wrote the most famous song “Tasveer Teri Dil Mera Behla Na Sakhe Gi”. It was recorded in the voice of Talat Mehmood and music was composed by Kamal Das Gupta. This song brought “Talat” to limelight. Music for most of the Fayyaz Hashmi’s songs recorded at Calcutta was composed by Kamal Das Gupta.

The dynamic achievements of young Fayyaz Hashmi and his clarity of expression by using simple words were greatly appreciated by Qazi Nazrul Islam -“Tum mann main doob kar mann ka bhed nikaltey ho. Aasan shubdoon mein mushkil baat kehna buhut mushkil hay”. His unique combination of Urdu, Hindi and Sanskrit words to produce a harmonious song thus became a guideline for the future poets of geets. The transformation of some traditional Bangla songs was also facilitated. He has also written songs in Brij Bhasa and Purbi. His pre-independence songs total to about 1000.

Fayyaz Hashmi wrote his first verse “Chaman main Ghuncha-o-gul ka tabassum dekhne walo – Kabhi tum ne haseen kalyoon ka murjhana bhi dekha hai” when he was in 7th class. As a student of 9th class, he was participating in regular “mushairas”. He got an assignment in the British owned Gramophone Company at DumDum (now called Jessore Road, Kolkotta) India. He served there during 1943 to 1948 period. At that time the average monthly production of record was only 16. Once all the records (16) issued in a month were written by Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi- a record by itself. Some of the evergreen hit songs of Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi are quoted here:

1- Honton se gulfishan hain who – Aankhoon se ashkbar hum Talat Mahmood
2- Do Kafir Aankhoon ne mara Talat Mahmood
3- Dil ko hai tum se pyar kyoon Jag Mohan
4- Aaj use phir dekha hai Jag Mohan
5- Bhala tha kitna apna bachpan Hemant Kumar
6- Yeh Raaten yeh mausam yeh hansa hansana Pankhaj Mallick
(Also re-sung by Lata Mangeshkar as a tribute to the legendary Pankhaj Mallick)
7- Tasveer teri dil mera behla na sake gi Talat Mehmood
8- Ab yad hamein kyoon aati ho Hemant Kumar
9- Kitna dukh bhulaya tum ne Hemant Kumar
10-Maloom hay mujhko – ban Jao gi tum ek din taqdeer hamari Jag Mohan.

While in India, he wrote 48 songs in 9 Hindi films, namely-Subah Shyam-44, Meghdoot-45, Zameen Aasmaan-46, Pehchan-46, Krishna Leela-46, Arabian Nights-46, Giribala-47, Faisla-47 and Iran ki ek raat-49

He chose to migrate to Pakistan after the Partition.

In 1948, he was posted as recording Manager at Dhaka Center of the Gramophone Company and thereafter in 1951 at Lahore. He promoted many talents like Farida Khanum, Saeen Marna, Saeen Akhtar and Saeen Budha. He diverted towards the writing of film songs in 1956. “Kunwari Bewa” was the first film in Pakistan with his songs. He wrote more than 2000 songs for films and Gramophone Recording Company. He had also written stories, dialogues and scripts of many hit films like AULAD, ZAMAN KIYA KAHE GA, NEHLEY PE DEHLA, INTEKHAB, PEHCHAN, KHUDA AUR MUHABBAT, GHAREEBON KA BADSHAH etc. including “ HUM AIK HAIN” which was also directed by him. It was the first Pakistani film with 5 songs filmed in colour and as such a record in Pakistan film industry.

Every film, songs of which were written by Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi became super hit like SAHELI, AULAD, ASHIANA, SUHAGAN, HONAHAR, PEGHAM, SARTAJ, SHAREEK-E-HAYAT, EID MUBARAK, SHABNAM, LOVE IN JUNGLE, TOBA, SAWAL, LAKHOON MAIN AIK, DEWAR BHABI etc.

He received Graduate Award 3 times and also Nigar award for the best song in 1978 on “Chalo Achha Hua Tum Bhool Gaye” film “Lakhoon Main Aik”. He received International award in 1986 and another Nigar award in 1988 for the best dialogue of film “ Ghareebon Ka Badshah”. In addition to these he recounts about 11 Silver Jubilee Awards and 17 Golden Jubilee**. “Deewane Tere Pyar ke” is the latest film all songs of which have been written Fayyaz Hashmi.

The first compilation of his poetry was published as “ RAG RANG” in 1944 in India. His poems were published in various journals and magazines like Adbi Duniya, Adbe Lateef, Alamgeer, Beesveen Sadi, Shama (Delhi), Chitrali (Dhaka), Nigar (Karachi), Amar Jadeed and Amrit Bazar Patrika (Calcutta, India). He wrote many Naats and Qawwalis. He also wrote many National songs like (Ae Quiad-e-Azam tera ehsan hai ehsan” & “ Suraj Kare Salam – Chanda kare Salam”.

On the publication of his mystic verses, Mr. Raees Amrohi commented that “History of Sufi poets is indicative of a glorious future for them and Mr. Fayyaz.

(Based primarily on the article by Nadeemur Rehman, courtesy shri Rajnikumar Pandya ji and my own notes. )

Today’s NFS by Hemant kumar – my favourite singer – is very melodious and had become very popular in the 40s, 50s and the 60s. Enjoy…..


Song- Kitna dukh bhulaaya tumne pyaari (Hemant Kumar NFS)(1945) Singer-Singer- Hemant Kumar, Lyricist- Fayyaz Hashmi, MD- Kamal Dasgupta

Lyrics

kitna dukh bhulaaya tumne pyaari ee
kitna dukh bhulaaya tumne pyaari ee
mere zakhmi dil pe rakhkar apna komal haath
mere zakhmi dil pe rakhkar apna komal haath
preetam kyun ghabraaye ho
preetam kyun ghabraaye ho
bas chhed ke itni baat
sab dard mitaaya tumne ae pyaari
sab dard mitaaya tumne ae pyaari

apni bal khaayi zulfen seene se mere bichha ke
apni bal khaayi zulfen seene se mere bichha ke
apne gulaabi honthon ko
apne gulaabi honthon ko
mere honthon se milaa ke ae
amrit ras pilaaya tumne pyaari
amrit ras pilaaya tumne pyaari

ham tum chup baithhe hain
ham tum chup baithhe hain
dil kahta hai kisse dil ke
churaa liyaa hai hosh hamaara
churaa liyaa hai hosh hamaara
chaar aankhon ne milke
kismat ko jagaaya tumne pyaari
kismat ko jagaaya tumne pyaari
kismat ko jagaaya tumne pyaari


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4706 Post No. : 16410

After about 8 transfers in different states on promotions, I was promoted further and brought to our Head office in Bombay ( it had yet to become Mumbai). I settled down here for good. The year was 1983. While going to the office everyday, I used to see a beautiful Housing society at the corner of Versova Road and Juhu Road junction. The society’s name was ” Karachi Residents’ society-No.4″. I was very curious about this name. On one Sunday, while returning from a friend’s house, I stopped my car near this society, I saw a middle-aged person coming out of the gate. I stopped him and enquired. From what he told me, I gathered that this was a society of those people who lived in Karachi, before the Partition. He further enlightened me that there were 5 such societies in Bombay and there was also a “Lahore Residents’ Society ” which too had 5 numbers. People who fled from Karachi and Lahore at the time of Partition still loved their original abode !

Later I read somewhere that there was a Bombay Residents’ Society in Karachi also ! So the attachments were on both sides !! Partition not only divided the Country in 1947 but also affected the Film industry badly on both sides. Few days ago I was reading a book “Mourning the Nation – Indian cinema in the wake of Partition” written by Bhaskar Sarkar. Then I remembered those societies. Today, those society buildings have been pulled down and new buildings have come up, with different new names. However, a closer look shows older names mentioned in small letters in brackets on the new name boards.

According to the book, Indian film industry lost some Gems, but Pakistan was not in a position to do justice to these Gems, as their film industry was in doldrums. Everything had to be started all over again. Till that time the artistes had to wait. Problem in India was the void created by the exit of artistes, but this was easily done by a strong reserve available, waiting in the wings for opportunities. This was the second line. The problem in Pakistan was having to establish the infrastructure itself plus financers for the film production, since the economy was yet to develop.

In undivided India, Lahore (then in the Punjab) was important as a showbiz centre. It was an established film-making centre. The first Talkie film ever to be made in a Lahore studio was Heer Ranjha-1932 and thereafter many Urdu and Punjabi films were produced from Lahore every year. The partition of India into two independent states – India and Pakistan, caused irreparable damage to film production in Lahore. Most of Lahore’s film producers were Hindus and as the city fell on the side of the Islamic state of Pakistan, they migrated to India. This deprived Lollywood, as Lahore is referred to in film circles, of much needed investment and expertise in film production and distribution. Many talented actors and musicians from Punjab and Sindh area tried their luck in the Cine Industry at Lahore. Nevertheless, the biggest centre of film production was Bombay and it was every aspiring artiste’s dream to go to Bombay and shine there.

The film activity at Lahore increased considerably in the early 40s in terms of film production and Music. Those days many actors and musicians shifted their base to Bombay from Lahore, Calcutta and other places too.

The list of such people is very long, but it will suffice to mention some well known names-
Noorjehan, Pran, Saigal, Prithwiraj Kapoor, Shyam, Dilip Kumar, Surinder, Karan Dewan, Dev Anand, Balraj Sahni, Singer Khursheed, Mumtaz Shanti, Veena, Begum Para, Meena Shorey, Suraiya, Manorama, Kamini Kaushal, Shyama(Khursheed Akhtar), A R Kardar, M Sadiq, Suresh(Nazim Ahmed), Amar, Chetan Anand, Zande Khan, Ghulam Hyder, Pt.Amarnath and his brothers Husnlal-Bhagatram, Hansraj Behl, S.Mohinder, Firoz Nizami, Khursheed Anwar, Khayyam, Vinod, Shyamsunder, Kidar Sharma, Krishna Chander, O P Dutta, Saadat Hasan Manto, Qamar Jalalabadi, D N Madhok, Tanvir Naqvi, Prem Dhawan etc etc. Many of the actors and producers used to shuttle between Lahore and Bombay for their work.

And when the PARTITION took place in 1947, in the communal frenzy, polarisation of artistes took place. Some Hindus shifted to Bombay and Some Muslims left for Lahore.

At the actual time of Partition some Indian artists were in Lahore for film work. They were B R Chopra, Ramanand Sagar, I S Johar, Gulshan Rai, Omprakash, Jeevan, O P Nayyar, Rajinder Singh Bedi, Naqsh Lyallpuri, Surinder and Prakash Kaur Manorama and Pushpa Huns. They all left Lahore hurriedly and reached Bombay Safely.

However this journey was not so safe for one actor-Comedian Durga Prasad, known as Durga Mota. He was very fat. In the melee, he reached the Lahore station and somehow entered the Train to Bombay. Suddenly a group of mad rioters entered the Lahore station and started killing the travellers. Most people ran helter skelter, but due to his heavy body, Durga Mota could not run and was cut into pieces on the Lahore station platform itself !

Same way many artists from Bombay left for Lahore and ALL of them reached safely. some of the Directors who migrated to Pakistan were-

Syed Shaukat Hussain Rizvi, S M Yousuf, Najam Naqvi, Munshi Dil, Nakshab Jarachavi, M Sadiq, Zia Sarhadi, Sibtain Fazli(of Fazli Brothers), S T Zaidi , Zahoor Raja, Wali saheb, A R Kardar,Nazir,W Z Ahmed,Masood Pervez, Shareef Nayyar,Luqmaan, Dawood Chaand, Rakhan, Nusrat Mansoori, M H Qasim, Roop K Shorey, Butt Kasher, Barkat Mehra and Manto.

Some of the Actors/actresses were- Nazeer, Sadiq Ali, Masood, Sudhir, Santosh, Ratan Kumar, Najmul Hussain, Suresh and Nasir khan(both came back to India later), Sh.Mukhtar, M.Ismail, Ajmal, Gulam Mohd, Kumar, Ghori, Majeed, Shahnawaz, Himalayawala, Shyam Kumar, Allauddin, Shah Shikarpuri, Charlie, Nazar Faizi Noorjehan, Meena Shorey, Khursheed, Zeenat Begum, Asha Posley, Najma, Kalawati, Rehana, Swarnalata, Ragini, Bibbo, Renuka Devi, Geeta Nizami, Maya Devi etc.

Some from the music field were- Khursheed Anwar, Inayat Hussain, Rafiq gaznavi, G A Chisti, Ghulam Hyder, Firoz Nizami, Nissar Bazmi, Nashaad, Tufail Faruqi, Tanvir Naqvi, Faiyaz Hasmi, Iqbal Bano, Premlata,Khursheed,Zeenat Begum,Shevan Rizvi,Rasheed Atre,Fateh Ali khan,Babul etc.

With so many people migrating to Pakistan at a time and given the condition of the Pakistan Film Industry then, it is a moot question, whether all these migrants could get work there and shine ?

There were 2 types of people who migrated-

1. Those who had achieved their peaks already in India and
2. Those who had just started their careers.

Obviously the second group, at least some of them, could do well there eventually.

Some of the successful migrants there were- Noor jahan, Khursheed Anwar, G A Chisti, Nissar Bazmi, Firoz Nizami, Najam Naqvi, Nakshab Jarachavi, Sibtain Fazli, Wali Saheb,Manto, Rashid Atre, Sudhir, Santosh, Asha Posley, Shameem, Najma, Yasmeen, Ragini, Zahoor Shah, Shaikh Iqbal, Himalayawala, Nazar, Rafiq Gaznavi, Tanvir Naqvi, Iqbal Bano etc.

The unfortunate ones were-some of them- Meena Shorey, Ratan Kumar, M Sadiq, Charlie, Ghori, Kumar, Shaikh Mukhtar, Najmul Hussain, Neena, Kalavati, Maya devi, Gulam Hyder, Nashaad, Premlata etc.

Almost all the artists who shifted to Bombay prior to Partition did very well here.

(Notes- 1.All lists are only indicative and not exhaustive
2.Migrants means between 1947 to 1970 period.)

About two years ago, there was a fruitful discussion on my Facebook page about Partition effects on Film industry in India and Pakistan. Many senior experts (from US and UK too !) participated and some more new information came out of this discussion…..

The rioting of 1947 set in motion irreversible, irrevocable migration. B R. Chopra and I S Johar were planning films in a big way in Lahore but had to run for their lives. Ramanand Sagar left in July, as did Gulshan Rai. Character actor Om Prakash (of Fateh Din fame, an all-time favourite skit relayed for years by Radio Lahore), comedian-bad man Jeevan and many others also left Lahore for Bombay. O P Nayyar recorded his immortal song Priyatam Aan Milo/ Dukhia Jiya Bullai, Aan Milo at the His Master’s Voice studio in Lahore. He left Lahore only in 1948 when it became clear that people with the wrong religion were not going to return to their homes on either side of the Punjab. Writer Rajinder Singh Bedi escaped, sitting on top of a railway carriage carrying loads of Hindus and Sikhs out of Lahore. Song-writer Naqsh Lyallpuri began his literary career in Lahore as a journalist but had to leave in 1947. Punjabi singers Surinder Kaur and Prakash Kaur, and Pushpa Hans also left Lahore.

Migration in the other direction also took place. Nazir and his wife Swarnlata, Noorjahan and her husband Shaukat Husain Rizvi, character actor Alauddin and many others headed for Lahore. Manto came in January 1948, music directors Ghulam Haider and Khurshid Anwar followed some years later and director M. Sadiq probably in 1969 or 1970. Meena Shorey, Khurshid and Mumtaz Shanti also immigrated to Lahore. Some Pakistani actors in Lahore continued to use Hindu filmic names. Santosh Kumar (Musa Raza) and Sudhir (Shah Zaman), the two most famous heroes of the 1950s and 60s followed such practice. On both sides, initially considerable goodwill existed between the two film communities.

Some families were divided. Thus for example, while Nazir Ahmed khan shifted to Lahore, his nephew K. Asif stayed on in Bombay. Kardar stayed on but his brother Nusrat Kardar and son Rauf Kardar returned to Lahore. While Suraiya, her mother and grandmother settled in Bombay, many of her other relatives shifted to Lahore. Rafi stayed on to reign supreme in Bombay while his parents and siblings were in Lahore.

There were some cross-religion marriages that created peculiar challenges. Raj Kapoor’s maama (maternal uncle) Mr Mehra married a Muslim actress Anwari, converted to Islam and stayed in Lahore. A unique case of reverse migration took place as well: poet Sahir Ludhianvi (Abdul Hai) left Lahore for India.

Luckily,except for few like Noorjehan, Khursheed Anwar and some others, the well established Muslim artistes like Rafi, Talat, Shamshad, Naushad and hundreds of others chose to remain in India. They prospered here and became popular in Pakistan as well.

After partition,this turmoil subsided after a short period in India and it was business as usual here, while in Lahore, Pakistan had to build up from scratch, but the Film Industry there too stabilised in a few years’ time. The base of Film industry in Pakistan was built by people who migrated from India. Migration from India to Pakistan continued till about 1970 for the pre-partition artistes. In fact till about 1965 there was an exchange of artistes from both sides to work in other countries, but after the 65 war, this working stopped almost completely.

Music Directors who left India after Partition had done a very good job here. Composers like Nissar Bazmi and Feroz Nizami became exceptionally successful in Pakistan, but Nashad, Rafiq Ghaznavi and others were not successful to that extent. Khursheed Anwar, a very highly respected composer here remained a father figure even in Pakistan.

Partition did a lot of damage to both countries and the film industry. With so many artistes leaving at a time surely affected the filmdom, but it also opened up new avenues for new singers and new blood composers.

Despite all this in the Partition year – 1947 saw making of a Record number of films in India – 181 (this record remained till 1985). Of course most films were made in a hurry to complete before the deadline of August-1947. Still, even in these circumstances also some very good, meaningful, milestone and musical films were made in 1947, like… Aaj aur Kal (the first Sci Fi film), Bhakta Dhruv, Dard, Do Bhai, Elan, Jugnu, Leela, Meera, Meerabai, Mirza Sahiban, Natak, Parwana, Shehnai, Sindoor etc.etc.

Today’s song is from one of the unknown films of 1947 – Bela. The only noteworthy point about this film was, it was the first ever film of Zohrabai, where she sang all the 10 songs of the film. The other film surpassing this record was film Meerabai – 47, where Sitara Kanpuri sang all the 13 songs of the film. However even this record was broken in 1947 itself when M. S. Subbulakshmi sang all 17 songs of her film Meera-1947. As far as I remember this record is yet unbeaten.

Bela-47 was made by Ranjit Cinetone. It was directed by Chaturbhuj Doshi and the MD was Bulo C Rani. The film had 10 songs. 9 songs are already discussed. Today’s song is the last 10th song and the film says YIPPEE. I was given this song by Abhay Jain ji of US, but it was a slightly short one. Sadanand Kamath ji found another version song which was longer and uploaded it for me. I thank both of them.


Song- Peepal ke patve se chikni meri gori re (Bela)(1947) Singers- A R Oza, Zohrabai Ambalewaali, Lyricist- D N Madhok, MD- Bulo C Rani

Lyrics

peepal ke patve se chikni meri gori re
chanda se pyaara mera baalmaa ho
chanda se pyaara mera baalmaa ho

peepal ke patve se chikni meri gori re
chanda se pyaara mera baalmaa ho
chanda se pyaara mera baalmaa ho

torey nainon mein chhoti si duniya basaayi hai
gham e aasha umang sang naachne ko aayi hai
torey nainon mein chhoti si duniya basaayi hai
gham e aasha umang sang naachne ko aayi hai
meri umang meri chhoti si gori re
mera sahaara mera baalmaa ho
meri umang meri chhoti si gori re
mera sahaara mera baalmaa ho
chanda se pyaara mera baalmaa ho

peepal ke patve se chikni meri gori re
chanda se pyaara mera baalmaa ho
chanda se pyaara mera baalmaa ho

pyaar ke phool mein balma kaante lage hain
lag na jaaye
pyaar ke phool mein balma kaante lage hain
lag na jaaye
dekho ulfat ke pehloo mein furkat chhupi hai
wo din na aayen
dekho ulfat ke pehloo mein furkat chhupi hai
wo din na aayen
kehti rahoon
kit dhoondhoon kit jaaun re
kehti rahoon
kit dhoondhoon kit jaaun re
mera to haal mere baalmaa ho
chanda se pyaara mera baalmaa ho

peepal ke patve se chikni meri gori re
chanda se pyaara mera baalmaa ho
chanda se pyaara mera baalmaa ho


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4702 Post No. : 16404

During my school days it was my hobby (or habit?) to see films on every Saturday and Sunday. Ours was a big joint family and my absence was hardly noticed by anyone. May be my absence was welcome ! I do not know. Anyway, during the holidays more films were seen. Language was no bar. I saw Hindi, English, Marathi, Telugu, Tamil and Kannada films. Out of these Hindi films were kore and other languages films were much less.

The preference for films was Hindi-English-Telugu-Tamil-Marathi and kannada. The basis for this was that kannada films were rare. Marathi ran for a month, Telugu/Tamil changed every week and Hindi films were in many theatres and different films for Morning and Regular shows. English films were generally in Morning shows only. But there were some theatres which showed exclusively English films in regular shows. These were in the Cantonment area of Secunderabad-the twin city. We used to see films there also at night.

In the 50’s decade a lot of remakes of South films used to come. Sometimes the same film in 3 languages ran in 3 different theatres, like the film Miss Mary-57 for example. Hindi film Miss Mary was running in one Cinema, Missiamma, the Tamil original was in another and Missamma, Telugu version was in yet another theatre. It became a game for us friends to see these films and discuss what the differences were in each version.

Forget our game, but in South India, the game of competition in capturing the Hindi market was in full swing in the 50’s. Since the film Chandralekha-48 became extremely successful all over India, with its Hindi version, other producers of the South started observing SS Vasan, who had found ” Alibaba’s Cave ‘ in the Hindi market. He had started making films in 3 languages to capture Hindi markets.

He dug up his old Tamil hit films and made remakes in Telugu and Hindi. Thus Tamil film Apoorva Sahodargal-49 ( based on Alexandre Dumas’ ‘The Corsican Brothers’) was made in Telugu as Apoorva Sahodarlu and in Hindi as Nishan-49. Then Vasan remembered his hit film Mangamma Sabatham-1943 in Tamil. He made a Hindi remake as Mangala-50. Later a Telugu remake Mangala Shapatham-65 was made, with NTR and Jamuna in the lead.He even made a remake in Simhalese language as Mathalan.

Observing Vasan making remakes and running to his bank very often, the other South producers were not to be outdone. The giant AVM dug up their Tamil hit of the 1949 Vazhkai and made a Telugu remake Jeevitham-50 as well as a Hindi remake Bahar-50, introducing Vaijayanti mala. In 1953 AVM made the film Ladki in Hindi and its remakes in Tamil and Telugu. AVM’s Tamil hit film Missiamma was made in Telugu as Missamma and in Hindi as Miss Mary, all in 1957. Film Chandirani was made in 3 languages in 1953.

The number of multi language films was huge. If you visit IMDB and look for remade Hindi films, you will get a loooooong list.During the 50’s a time came when multi language films were made at Calcutta, Madras and Kolhapur/Poona/Bombay. To get the actors speaking both the language dialogues was comparatively easy in Maharashtra, where Hindi speaking is not a problem. But for films remade in Bangla-Hindi or Tamil/Telugu- Hindi was indeed a problem.

As a solution, while the original actors remained the same in all versions, their Hindi dialogues were dubbed. Sometimes it caused a lip-synch problem, especially in close-ups. Some actors spoke their dialogues in Hindi themselves, but the pronunciation was a give away. This problem caused most Bangla, Tamil and Telugu actors to independently work in Hindi films. So, we find that most lead actors of these languages stayed away from Bombay made Hindi films. There were, however, few actors who did this successfully.

Thus, while we can see most lead actors of South and Bangla films in either dubbed or remade versions, it is only Dr. Rajkumar- the Kannada Superstar who NEVER acted in any Hindi films. In fact except ONE Telugu film ” Kalahasti Mahatmyam”-1954, he did not act in any other language than only Kannada..

By the end of the 50’s the South markets developed rapidly and fully, so the necessity of Hindi market diminished and so also remade and dubbed films. Today’s song is from film Mangala-50. It was a Gemini film directed by SS Vasan. There was a team of 3 composers – M.D.Parthasarathy, Balkrishna Kalla and E.Sankar Sastry. Sometimes I wondered how a man like Sankar, who was an Internationally famous and honoured Instrumental (Veena) musician worked in a studio as a composer. But then I realised that in his first half of career he was in films, but the second half was more into Veena Vadan.

Emani Sankar Sastry was a very famous and renowned Veena player of International recognition. Born on 23-9-1922 in a small village of Andhra, he hailed from a family of celebrated classical musicians. He was trained in traditional Veena by several experts. He did independent concerts all over India.

He joined Gemini Studios in 1948 and stayed for 10 years as MD. During this period he was involved in the Music Direction of Hindi films like, Mangala, Sansar, Bahut din huye, Mr. Sampat, Krishna Kanhaiya and Do Dulhe, as well as the English version of Chandralekha-48.

He joined A.I.R Madras in 1959 and rose to become Director and Chief Producer of Music. He won several awards including Academy award, Kala Parishat Award and Padma Shri. He played Veena in the Rome Festival and at UNESCO in New York.

E.Sankar Sastry died in 1987.

In the cast of the film Mangala-50 one finds the name of Bhanumathi. Outside South India, most people are unaware of the greatness of some artistes from South. Here is a short Bio of Bhanumathi, but it brings out her greatness only partly.

P. Bhanumathi Ramakrishna (7 September 1925 – 24 December 2005) was an actress, director, music director, singer, producer, novelist and lyricist. Widely known as the first female super star of Telugu cinema, Bhanumathi appeared in over 100 films predominantly in Telugu and Tamil languages. She was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 2001 for her contribution to the Indian cinema. She was honored among “women in cinema” at the 30th International Film Festival of India.
Bhanumathi was born on 7 September 1925 in Doddavaram village of Prakasam district, near Ongole, Andhra Pradesh. She is the third child to Saraswatamma and Bommaraju Venkata Subbaiah. She grew up watching her father perform in various stage shows. Her father, Venkata Subbiah, was a lover of classical music and trained her in music from an early age.

Bhanumathi entered the film industry in 1939, and acted in over 100 films in Telugu and Tamil. She was also called Ashtavadhani by the film industry people as she was a writer, actor, director, producer, singer, music director, editor and studio owner. She also had a good knowledge of astrology and philosophy. She is regarded as the first female super star of Telugu cinema.

She made her debut in Telugu cinema in 1939 as Kalindi (a 13 years old girl who is forced to marry an old man and ended her life by committing suicide) in Vara Vikrayam (Telugu), directed by C. Pullaiah. Her first film in Tamil was Ratnakumar in the year 1949 along with the famous hero of those days P. U. Chinnappa. This film was directed by Krishnan–Panju. Her first Hindi film was Nishan-1949. In 1953, she made her directorial debut with Chandirani (made simultaneously in Tamil, Telugu and Hindi).

Her last film was made in 1998, entitled Pelli Kanuka. C. N. Annadurai gave her a title “Nadippukku Ilakkanam” (Grammar for acting) that suits her aptly. She was revered by many actors she had worked with like N.T.Rama Rao, Sivaji Ganesan, M. G. Ramachandran, Akkineni Nageswara Rao, Nagarjuna, Balakrishna, ChiranJeevi, Pawan Kalyan, Venkatesh for her bold and prolific versatility. One of her memorable movies in Tamil was Annai, in the year 1962 directed by Krishnan–Panju, where her acting was appreciated by all and also got the National Award for the film and for also performances in movies Anthasthulu and Palnati Yudham (1964) she received National Awards (Rashtrapati Award). She is the last recipient of Rashtrapati Award.

Due to her rift with Aluri Chakrapani, she left her role in Missamma movie (Initially Bhanumathi was shot for some scenes in the movie before being replaced by savitri ) but after the release of the movie she watched and commented that “she lost a wonderful role but industry gained a talented actress like savitri” which showed her sportiveness and encouragement towards new actors. Due to clash with Aluri Chakrapani, she produced a satirical movie on him titled Chakrapani which was a huge hit and became a classic in Tollywood for this movie she also worked as Music Director.

She acted in 8 Hindi films namely, Nishan-49, Mangala-49, Rani-52, Shamsheer-53, Chandirani-53, Hamen bhi jeene do-62, Nai Roshni-67 and Itni Jaldi kya hai-86. She directed 2 Hindi films – Chandirani-53 and Itni Jaldi kya hai-86. She also sang 12 songs in 4 Hindi films – Mangala, Rani, Shamsheer and Chandirani.

She is the first south Indian actress to receive Padma Awards. Apart from being a fine actress, she was also a talented musician. She was adept in both Carnatic and Hindustani music. She gave voice to her songs despite it being the norm to use playback singers for actors. Some of her songs are still popular.

During her later years, she served on various movie related organizations. She was a Member of the State Film Awards Committee for two years. She was also a Visiting Professor at the Film Institute for one year. She was a Member of Children Film Society for 5 years, from 1965 to 1970.

In India, she was the first and the only woman to have owned a film studio, first actress to act in a dual role and the first woman to have directed a movie simultaneously in three languages.

Bhanumati was also a talented writer with a number of short stories to her credit. Her autobiography Nalo Nenu was published in Telugu and later, released in English as Musings. Andhra Pradesh Sahitya Academy awarded her as the best short story writer for her popular short stories “Attagari Kathalu”. She was a Member of Lalit Kala Academy for 5 years, and Sahitya Academy, Andhra Pradesh for 10 years. She served as Director and Principal of the Tamil Nadu Government Music College,

During the shooting of the film Krishna Prema, she met P. S. Ramakrishna Rao, an assistant director for that film. He was a film producer, director and editor of Telugu and Tamil Films. The couple married on 8 August 1943 and have one son, Bharani. Later they launched a popular production company, Bharani Pictures on their son’s name. She died at the age of 81 years.( Thanks to wikipedia, Cinerang by Isak Mujawar, Ateet ke sitare, HFGK, muVyz and my notes ).

Today’s song is sung by Bhanumathi. many of the songs of this film are copies of songs by Carmen Miranda. Enjoy….


Song-Meherbaan main hoon tumhaari(Mangala)(1950) Singer- P Bhanumathi, Lyricist-Pt. Indra, MD- E Sankar Sastry

Lyrics

mamamamama
mamamami
mamamami
meharbaan main hoon tumhaari
tanananana
tanananana
tanananana
nanana
mamamamamami
mamamani
kadardaan tum ho hamaare
tanananana
tanananana
tanananana
nananana


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4699 Post No. : 16391 Movie Count :

4454

Today’s song is from an unknown film – Daawat aka invitation-1943.This film falls under the II category of ” Road Closed” movies – which means, except for the information given in HFGK, no other information about the film is available anywhere, as on today. What do we do then ? Nothing. Just try to know more about whatever is available.

The film was made by Eastern Pictures, Bombay. It was directed by M.Nazir, who apparently directed only this film. However, he acted in 15 films, from Zingaro-35 to Mala-41. I found one more name, Nazir Ajmeri (5 films) as a director. Obviously he must be a different person. There were 8 songs in the film, written by lyricist Tanvir Naqvi. He was one of those people who first migrated to Pakistan after partition and then came back to India to get some work and then went back again to Pakistan for good.

Tanvir Naqvi ( real name- Syed Khursheed Ali ) was born on 16th February 1919, at Lahore. His father was a Jahagirdar and elder brother was ADC to a Nawab. Tanvir went to Persia, along with father, where he was educated in Urdu and Persian. From the age of 14 years, he started writing poetry and participated in various Mushairas. He published a book ” Suhane Sapne ‘ of his poetry. By chance, A R Kardar read it and called Tanvir to Bombay to write for his film ‘ Swami’-41 made by CIRCO.

In his next film, Nai Duniya-42, Suraiya sang his song as her First song. His films Anmol Ghadi-46 and Jugnu-47 became hits and all his songs were appreciated much. He had earned a good name. However, after the film Parda-49, he migrated to Pakistan. In 1954, K.Asif invited him to India to write songs for his film ‘Mughal E Azam’, but by that time, Naushad had built his own team and he declined to take Tanvir Naqvi. From 1954 to 1959, Tanvir did many films. He also joined S.Mohinder and wrote songs for his 7 films.

In 1959, Tanvir Naqvi shifted again to Pakistan, but this time for good. There also he wrote for many films,like Koel, Jhoomar, Salma, Gulfam,Elaan etc etc. He also wrote for Punjabi films. He had married Idaan- elder sister of actress singer Nurjehan. However,since he had no children from her, he married again and had 2 children. He died in Lahore on 1-11-1972. In India, he wrote 224 songs for 48 films. Some of his songs are popular even today.

The Music Director of this obscure film was equally obscure – Vasant Kumar Naidu. There were a number of people who came to Bombay to try their luck in films. They had hopes, skill and a will to do hard work. Such people came to Bombay from all over India. Naidu came all the way from Burma-via Madras. All could not succeed. Those with strong Luck got some God Fathers and some could get opportunities which they turned into solid performance, but some could not get any of these and remained unknown. There are strange cases where Luck just came near but eluded them leaving them empty handed.

Vasant Naidu was not only one such person, who could not become a big name, but he was also one about whom hardly any information was available anywhere. In the case of music director Vasant Kumar Naidu, no information is available in any book or on the internet. Only Pankaj Raag wrote about his films and songs in his book ‘Dhunon Ki Yatra’. This too is based on HFGK only. Luckily Ms. Sai Lakshmi and Mr. Krishna Kumar Naidu, niece and nephew of Vasant Kumar Naidu visited this Blog and left some comments on an article . I picked up this slender lead and wrote to both of them. It is to their credit that both responded promptly . They tried to provide song and film information from different sites, which I already knew. After exchanging a few mails, they sent me a newspaper cutting, announcing the passing away of Vasant Kumar Naidu, along with his photo and a copy of his death certificate. Krishna Kumar ji also gave me some information about his family. I can understand their limitations. Naidu ji died in 1951. At that time these two were very young and now there may not be any other elder who may provide information about this artist.

Anyway, earlier I had zero information, now at least I have some information about him, plus his filmography as per the HFGK. I sincerely thank Ms. Sai Lakshmi ji and Shri Krishna Kumar Naidu ji for their help.

Vasant Kumar was born on 5-6-1915. His family had settled in Burma like thousands of other South Indian families. When Burma was struggling for independence, in the 1930s, most Indians left Burma and came to India. Many went to Calcutta and many went to South India. Many families walked for around 6 months from Burma to India. Mr.Vasant Kumar’s family was one amongst them. They walked from Rangoon to Madras. The family settled in Madras for some years.

Vasant Kumar had come alone to Bombay earlier in search of a career in music. He was an instrumentalist and could play any string instruments and also harmonium. He was also very much interested in reading different languages. There were many books that he read. He was also very keen on dressing up and had several suits in those days. He joined the industry and started growing as a Music Director. He then called his mother and other siblings to live with him in Mumbai along with his eldest brother’s widow and her son. He had 4 brothers. His eldest brother expired in Madras itself. Vasant Kumar was the second eldest. He had two younger brothers as well. They all lived on Peddar Road initially. Later, he left his Peddar Road flat and moved to Parel.

Vasant Kumar thereafter lived in Parel until his passing away on 16-10-1951.

Vasant Kumar got married in Madras. This marriage was arranged by his mother. Eventually his other brothers also got married. All three brothers and their wives stayed under the same roof in Parel in a joint family which was headed and supported monetarily by Vasant Kumar ji. His younger brother, the late Mr. Pandurang Naidu was also working towards a career in music. He became a musician (played banjo and mandolin). Vasant Kumar ji taught several string instruments to his brother, Pandurang ji. His youngest brother, the late Mr. Sreenivasn Naidu, became a composer at a later stage of his life for the Indian Railways Music Academy (Central Railway Cultural Academy).

Vasant Kumar is survived by his only daughter, Mrs. Pramila Naidu, who is now a widow. She lives in Pune with her grown up children. Pramila ji was around 5 years old when her father passed away. She has vague memories of her father. It is sad to see her struggling now financially. She continues to give tuition at the age of 70 to make her living. She lawfully owns 3 flats in Parel, Mumbai but the 3rd generation of the family has occupied these flats and are not willing to vacate. This property is now worth in crores. The cousins of Pramila ji have gotten together and have filed a lawsuit against these 3rd generation greedy family members. The lawsuit has been going on now for the past 3 years.

When luck is not in your favour, any amount of hard work, efforts or support from influential persons does not work. This is amply proved by what happened in Naidu’s case. Naidu, before starting as an independent composer and even later, for some time, was an assistant to Anil Biswas. To help Naidu establish, Anilda sometimes used to put a word to known people for him as M.D.

Anilda knew Harishchandra Rao kadam very well. When he decided to become a Producer and make a film “Sukhi Jeevan”, Anilda met him and took a promise from him to make Naidu the MD for that film.

Harishchandra Rao wanted Master Bhagwan as the film’s Director. Bhagwan agreed but put a condition that C.Ramchandra be made the MD for this film. Rao told him about Anilda and the promise given for Naidu. Bhagwan refused his film if C.Ramchandra was not made MD. To solve this problem, Anilda was called and after discussing with all, he withdrew his demand for Naidu. Thus Naidu lost and C.Ramchandra got his first Hindi film ” Sukhi Jeevan”-42 , to start his career ! ( from the book ” Ek Albela” by Isak Mujawar).

Vasant Kumar started his career in 1939 by giving music to films ‘Thunder’ and ‘Pakke Badmash’. Till 1947, he composed music for 22 films, as per the HFGK. He sang 1 song as a duet with Khan Mastana for the film ‘Mere Sajan’ (1941). He has composed 160 songs in these 22 films. His filmography, as per the Geet Kosh, is ‘Thunder’ (1939), ‘Pakke Badmash’ (1939), ‘Rangeela Jawaan’ (1940), ‘Jung-e-Azadi’ (1940), ‘Desh Bhakt’ (1940), ‘Suhaana Geet’ (1941), ‘Meri Khwaish’ (1941), ‘Mere Saajan’ (1941), ‘Lehri Jawaan’ (1941), ‘Lala ji’ (1942), ‘Call Of Youth’ (1942), ‘Maata’ (1942), ‘Watan Ki Pukaar’ (1943), ‘Nai Zindagi’ (1943), ‘Mohabbat Ki Jeet (1943), ‘Daawat’ (1943), ‘Circus Girl’ (1943), ‘Bhaagta Bhoot’ (1943), ‘Beda Paar’ (1944), ‘Shaahi Khazaana’ (1946), ‘Chamkati Bijli’ (1946) and ‘Toote Dil’ (1947).

Unfortunately, Vasant Kumar got mostly B and C stunt and action films for composing the music. Big banners like National Studios gave him an opportunity with the film ‘Lala ji’ (1942), in which he got many songs sung by Anil Biswas, Kusum Mantri, and Vatsala Kumthekar. However such films came to him only as an exception, therefore his exposure to audiences was limited and his name did not gain any fame. Actually, many big, well known and popular singers have sung for him.

However, without a mentor, God Father or the support of a big banner, it became impossible for Vasant Kumar to grow further. During the transition period of 1947-48, when many composers migrated to Pakistan, the existing big composers made their positions solid. Thus smaller composers never got any opportunity to benefit from the void created by the exit of composers. This was the case of many small-time composers like him.

Today’s song is a duet by Rajkumari and G M Durrani. This rare song comes from Shri Abhay Jain ji (US) and was uploaded by Sadanand Kamath ji for me. Thanks to both. With this song, film Daawat-43 makes its Debut on this Blog.


Song- Nain se nain milaaye aao (Daawat)(1943) Singers- G M durrani, Rajkumari, Lyricist- Tanveer Naqvi, MD- Vasant Kumar Naidu
Both

Lyrics

Nain se nain milaaye aao
Nain se nain milaaye aao
Man ko man se taulen aen aen
Man ko man se taulen

nindiya ban kar do nainon mein
sapnon ke pat kholen aen aen
nindiya ban kar do nainon mein
sapnon ke pat kholen

nain se nain milaaye aao
Man ko man se taulen aen aen
Man ko man se taulen

main raat gaye ka sapna
main raat gaye ka sapna
main saanjh bhaye ki dhool
saanjh bhaye ki dhool
main pawan ki sheetal ??
main pawan ki sheetal ??

main bhor bhaye ka roop
main bhor bhaye ka roop
ye bhed kabhi na kholen aen
bhed kabhi na kholen
Man ko man se taulen aen aen
Man ko man se taulen

main kali banoon bagiyaa mein chatkoon
kunj kunj mehkaaun
main kali banoon bagiyaa mein chatkoon
kunj kunj mehkaaun

main bhannwra ban kar it ut doolon
door door ho aaun
door door ho aaun
aur munh se kuchh na bolen
aur munh se kuchh na bolen
Man ko man se taulen aen aen
Man ko man se taulen


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4697 Post No. : 16387 Movie Count :

4453

When I was about 15 year old, I saw Dev Anand for the first time. Not on screen, but in person. I had gone to my Uncle, who was an assistant Police Commissioner in Bombay that time. Through his contacts, we attended a shooting of Dev’s film. After this I saw Ashok kumar, Dilip Kumar, Raj Kapoor and many other actors and actresses in person at various times. Though I did not speak to any cine artiste in those times, I have seen them with my own eyes. So, I had access to their first hand information, their films, songs, music etc. All the material was available in film magazines, newspapers and also in books. If I had wanted to write about them at that time, all the material was available – all credible,genuine and full of facts which could be corroborated or checked with them or with persons close to them……

CUT to old times, like the 30’s and the 40’s….

I was not living in those times and it is almost impossible to find a cine artiste alive who worked in films of the 30’s or 40’s. So today, if I want to write about those artistes,films,
music, songs etc of the bygone era, what should I do ? To get the right, genuine and credible information, I must depend on historical documents like books, newspaper cuttings, old film magazines or collect information from the sons/daughters or near relatives of old time artistes.

None of today’s old film writers were living in those times, and they have to depend on materials listed above. Due to the advent of and easy availability of the Internet, many sites and Blogs are available. Some of these sites proclaim themselves as a store-house of information on old films and music. At one time I had found and listed some 110 such sites. The problem with these sites is that they hardly give any information other than what is given in the HFGK. There are many authors who consider themselves as Experts and have brought out books on old films and artistes. Such books are available in almost all languages.

While some books genuinely provide research based credible information (it shows in their writings itself) on old films, many books churn out recycled half-true information collected from Internet sites. I have a collection of many books in many languages, but barring few books most others are of no use. Sites like IMDB, Wikipedia, Gomollo etc are not trustworthy. The reason is, Wikipedia is a site where anyone can upload, update, add or delete information. Unfortunately many enthusiastic new and fresh entrants of old films, present their data on Wikipedia.

I quote an example. The actress-singer Nirmala Devi (mother of actor Govinda) was born in a Hindu family in Banares. Someone changed this on Wikipedia and added that ‘ she was a Muslim and her name was xxx’. Dr. Surjit Singh ji immediately corrected this matter and wrote about her parents and that she was a Hindu. This was published. After some days, this was again changed to Muslim. This alternately went on for some time. Now imagine a New enthusiast of old films getting wrong information or getting confused with information from Wikipedia, this way.

IMDB is notoriously famous for mixing up information and filmography of artistes, who are members of ” Same -Name -Confusion” group. Any number of letters for correction are neither replied nor information corrected on IMDB. Thus bad quality information is passed on to seekers. In this respect Cineplot and muVyz are much better. They take immediate action to rectify mistakes, if you write to them with correct information with proof.

There was a film ” Bramhachari “-1938, in which Master Vinayak and Minakshi Shirodkar were the lead pair. Internet site Gomollo gives the name of Minakshi Seshadri as its Heroine in 1938 ! When Shamshad Begum aka Chhamia, mother of actress Naseem Bano died, one site declared that singer Shamshad Begum had died in 1998 ( she actually died in 2013). Both these examples are still on the sites, if anyone wants to check both sites.

Therefore, my advice to people who are eager to write about old films is to be careful and to corroborate your information with other sources or books or an expert to confirm that you have the right information. When film titles are repeated many times in different years, mistakes about the cast etc becomes common. Films with the title ” Insaf” were made 7 times from the 30’s to the 90’s !

Finally, a point. Like any History, old film history also gets updated as and when new documentary evidence becomes available. So what was written earlier, with good faith, becomes wrong ! I have experienced this. Some of my comments in 2011 and 2012, on this Blog, have been rendered wrong, because new information became available. Some examples are 1. Singer of song ” Dilli se aaya bhai Tingu” (film Ek thi ladki-49), 2. Singers of ” Bharat ki ek sannari ki” (film Ramrajya-1943), 3. Child actor Rajkumar Khatri (film Sautela Bhai-62) etc.etc.

Today’s song is from the film Dhiraj-1942. It’s cast consists of names like Sitara, Noorjehan, Khatoon, Rajkumari and Ibrahim – who are all members of “Same Name Confusion.” There were 2 Sitaras, 3 Noorjehans, 2 Khatoons, 4 Rajkumaris and 2 Ibrahims. Now if someone wants to write about one of these artistes, he will have to be very specific and careful.

The song is sung by Gyan Dutt, MD of the film himself. Gyan Dutt composed 604 songs in 58 films as MD, he sang 15 songs in 9 films and he wrote song lyrics of 13 songs in 3 films. With today’s song, film Dhiraj-42 makes its Debut on this Blog. This rare song was given to me by shri Abhay Jain ji and it was uploaded by Sadanand Kamath ji. Thanks to both.


Song- Tu kaisa hai Bhagwaan (Dhiraj)(1942)Singer-Gyan Dutt, Lurics-Pt Indra, MD-Gyan Dutt

Lyrics

Tu kaisa hai Bhagwaan
Tu kaisa hai Bhagwaan
teri kya hai jaan pehchaan
Tu kaisa hai Bhagwaan
teri kya hai jaan pehchaan
Tu kaisa hai Bhagwaan

kabhi kabhi meri aah sune tu
kabhi na sune pukaaar
kabhi kabhi meri aah sune tu
kabhi na sune pukaaar
kahin band darwaaze tere
kahin khule hain dwaar
kahin band darwaaze tere
kahin khule hain dwaar
tera kya hai naam nishaan
Tu kaisa hai Bhagwaan
teri kya hai jaan pehchaan
Tu kaisa hai Bhagwaan

bade aadmi gulaab jal se
tere paanv dhulaaye
bade aadmi gulaab jal se
tere paanv dhulaaye
ham to baarah maas aapse (?)
ganga jal bhar paaye
ham to baarah maas aapse(?)
ganga jal bhar paaye
kyun phir bhi maan gumaan
Tu kaisa hai Bhagwaan
teri kya hai jaan pehchaan
Tu kaisa hai Bhagwaan
teri kya hai jaan pehchaan
Tu kaisa hai Bhagwaan


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TWELVE years. This blog has over 16400 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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