Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day?: 4266 Post No.: 15492

Today’s song is from an old film Baghbaan-1938. There was one more film Baghbaan made in 2003, but the story was different. One film having similarity in name was film Baadbaan made in 1954. This too was a different one.

Baghbaan-38 was the first film of A R Kardar as a Director in Bombay, after his very successful foray in to the Calcutta Film world. This film was made by General Films, Bombay.The music was by Mushtaq Hussain, who had a young, ambitious and talented assistant for this film, whose name was Naushad. Yes, he is the same Naushad, who paired with Kardar in later years and gave us unforgettable music from many films.

The name of Music Director Mushtaq Hussain may not be known to today’s music lovers. Mushtaq was famous as a Classical singer and was called a Ustaad. He started giving music to films in 1933. His first film was Aurat ka pyar-33. He gave music to few films only, like Sauteli Maa-35, Balaa ki raat-36, Jaljalaa-36, Bhedi Trishul-38, Baghbaan-38, Pati patni-37, Kanyadaan-40, Baadal-42, Chhed chhad-43, Do or die-44, Daasi ya Maa-46 and his last film was Bombay- 49. After this, perhaps he realised that the public taste was changing and he left films. During the period of 1938, Naushad worked as his assistant in his struggle days and learnt few things.

The cast of the film was Bimla Kumari, B.Nandrekar ( one of the most handsome actors of Hindi films ), Sitara Devi, Yasmin, Putlibai, Ashraf Khan, Lala Yakub, K N Singh, R Wasti and many others. The 11 songs of the film were written by Hafiz Jallundhari and Mirza Musharraf, who wrote with a Pen name of Mirza Shauq. He had also acted in this film as a comedian. His typical style of mixing Urdu dialogues with English words was very popular in those days. Comedian of the 70s-Ram Avtar made his Debut with this film.

The film was a roaring success and brought many lucrative directorial offers to kardar from big banners like Ranjit and Circo etc. This also gave Kardar a confidence that he can himself own and start a studio and production company in Bombay. He had his pioneering small production company in Lahore, but that was for Silent films. Making Talkie films in Bombay was entirely different.

!942 was an year in which many ambitious and talented artistes established their own companies. There was Mehboob Khan, V.Shantaram, Homi Wadia, and the splinter group from Bombay Talkies also established Filmistan company. Abdul Rashid Kardar too plunged into the flowing river and established his own Kardar Studios. His first film was Sharda-42, which released on 23-1-1943. It was a Hit film. That way, Kardar’s life was full of adventures.

Abdul Rashid Kardar (1904–1989), often abbreviated as A.R. Kardar, was an actor and film director/film producer. He is credited as establishing the film industry in the Bhati Gate locality of Lahore, British India (now in Pakistan).

Kardar was born on 11-10-1904 at Lahore in a rich family. He was provided with all facilities and put into a very good school. Kardar was more interested in bunking school and seeing films and dramas than his studies. As a result he failed in his Matriculation examination. By the time he was 18 year old, he came to Bombay in 1922 to join films. He met director Homi Master in Kohinoor film company. With his good looks and good manners, he was employed as an extra, but there was no work. he used to visit the sets where shootings were taking place in the studio. One day the Cameraman Narayan Devre found him meddling in the shoot and he asked the owner Dwarkadas Sampat to throw him out of the company.

Dejected, he returned to Lahore and studied Calligraphy and Painting, in which he soon gained excellence. Kardar started as an arts scholar and a calligraphist making posters for foreign film productions and writing for newspapers of the early 1920s. His work would often lead him to meet filmmakers around India.

In 1924, the first silent film, The Daughters of Today was made and released in Lahore at a time when the city only had nine operational cinema houses. Most of the films shown in theatres in Lahore were either made in Bombay or Calcutta, besides ones made in Hollywood or London. The Daughters of Today was the brain-child of G.K. Mehta, a former officer with the North-Western Railway, who had imported a camera into the country for this very project from London. He asked Kardar to assist him as an assistant director on the project and ended up giving Kardar his début role in his film as an actor. Muhammad Ismail, his friend and fellow calligraphist, accompanied Kardar in the making of the film.

In 1928, with no work left after their maiden venture, Kardar and friend M. Ismail sold their belongings to set up a studio and production company under the name of United Players Corporation, the foundation stone for the film industry in Lahore. After scouting for locations, they settled for their offices to be established at Ravi Road. Although, the dim-lit area presented with much difficulties after the studios were established. Shootings were only possible in the day-light but nevertheless the area had some very important landmarks like the Ravi Forest and the tombs of Mughal emperor Jahangir and his wife Nur Jahan.

It is reported that the team working at the studios would commute on tangas and even lost equipment once while travelling on the bumpy roads on the horse-drawn carriage.However basic and crude their working conditions, Kardar believed in his work and in 1930 he produced the first film under the studio’s banner.

With this film, Husn Ka Daku a.k.a. Mysterious Eagle, Kardar made his first directorial début. He also cast himself as an actor in the male lead opposite Gulzar Begum with Ismail in a supporting role. The film featured an American actor, Iris Crawford, as well. The film had mild success at theatres but prominently established Lahore as a functioning film industry. Kardar vowed on not acting in any other film and instead focusing on direction.

Immediately afterwards the studio released the film Sarfarosh aka Brave Heart, with Gul Hamid playing the lead role with more or less the same cast as in the previous film. This production proved equally appealing but was able to stir noise about this industry in film production circles throughout India. Kardar made 12 silent films at Lahore.

When the Talkie era started, he closed down making silent films and produced his first Talkie film ” Heer Ranjha” in 1932 , with Rafiq Ghaznavi and Miss Anwari in the lead. Ghaznavi was the MD also. The film was a big flop.

Kardar shifted to Calcutta after this; and joined the East India Film Company, where he made about seven films for them. He acted in a costume drama-Aab E Hayat-33, as a Hero. Later he directed 6 films for this company. Almost all films were successful. After the company closed down in 1937 he moved to Bombay and joined Film City (in Tardeo) where he made one film Baaghban-38, for General Films, Bombay. It won the Gohar Gold Medal starring Bimla Kumari, B. Nandrekar and Sitara Devi.

Subsequently he joined Ranjeet Movietone towards the end of 1937 and made only three movies with them. He also made film Pooja-40 for National Studios. From here he moved to Circo Productions Ltd., and made 2 films for them .But just one year later, in 1942, when Circo Productions Ltd. went into liquidation, Kardar bought out the company and started Kardar Productions. In the same compound, he also started Kardar Studios and started making movies under the Kardar Productions banner from 1942 onwards. His first film was Sharda-42, which released on 23-1-1943. Kardar Studios was one of the best equipped studios in those days and also the first to have air-conditioned make up rooms.

In 1946, Kardar gave a commercially successful film with K. L. Saigal and composer Naushad, Shahjehan (1946).Claimed as a “masterpiece”- the film songs became all hits.

Following Partition in 1947, A. R. Kardar and his co-brother Mehboob Khan both left for Pakistan. However, according to Bunny Reuben, as quoted by Mihir Bose, they returned to India, but no reason was given for their return. In this connection Journalist and author of several books, Ambarish Mishra writes, ” when I asked Kardar about his Pakistan visit, he told me that after the Partition, Mehboob immediately went to Pakistan. He was disturbed with the news of Hindu-Muslim conflicts in Bombay Film Industry. It was said that Hindus will not allow Muslims in film industry – which was totally wrong and only a rumour. He wanted to take an idea about his future in this new country. He was keen on settling there. After a month or so, I went there. Being from Lahore, I understood that the film conditions were not conducive for our growth there, as nothing was in order. Everything was in a mess there. I convinced Mehboob somehow and we both came back for good. I told him, as long as Nehru was there, they had no problems in India.” By coincidence, Nehru died and next day Mehboob also died !

Kardar went back to film making and directed Dard (1947), which starred Suraiya and had music by Naushad. Dillagi (1949), a romantic tragedy, was a commercial success at the box-office. Inspired by Wuthering Heights (1939), Kardar later used the plot in Dil Diya Dard Liya (1966). Dillagi’s music by Naushad became extremely popular, especially Suraiya’s song “Tu Mera Chand”. Dulari (1949) had equally popular music, with a memorable Mohammed Rafi song “Suhani Raat Dhal Chuki”.

Dastan (1950) a tragic melodrama, was inspired from the film Enchantment, and was cited as “one of the biggest commercial hits”. Jadoo (1951) and Deewana (1952) marked the parting of ways between Kardar and Naushad. Dil-E-Nadaan (1953) had popular music by Ghulam Mohammed. He made three more films before starting Dil Diya Dard Liya (1966), which again had music by Naushad. Kardar’s last film was Mere Sartaj (1975)

He introduced many artists to the Hindi film industry who went on to become renowned in their own right, such as Naushad, Majrooh Sultanpuri, Suraiya. The legendary singer Mohammad Rafi got his first hit from the song, ‘Suhani raat dhal chuki’ – from Kardar’s film Dulari. He also started the Kardar-Kolynos Contest, to find new talent and through this contest he discovered and introduced to the industry, Chand Usmani and Mahendra Kapoor.

kardar was popularly called as Miyan ji. He directed in all 37 films in his career. He had acted in one film Aab E Hayat-1933.

Mehboob Khan’s wife Sardar Akhtar was the sister of Bahar, Kardar’s wife. Kardar was the step-brother of Pakistan’s famous cricketer A. H. Kardar (Abdul Hafeez Kardar). Kardar’s marriage to Bahar has an interesting story.

Sardar Akhtar and Bahar were sisters and were singers and dancers in Lahore’s famous Heera Mandi. They were known as Daari and Beharo. Bahar was very good looking. Kardar selected her as a Heroine for his film, opposite himself as a Hero and the shooting started. Kardar fell in her love, but Bahar was guarded closely by her escorts and sister Sardar Akhtar. Kardar was wondering how to go about. He opened his mind to friend M.Ismail. a 6 feet tall,and hefty friend. Ismail went to Bahar’s residence and lifted her on shoulders and brought her to Kardar. They hurriedly got married. Meanwhile Sardar Akhtar came to know this and made a Police complaint. The police came , arrested kardar and all shooting artistes. He spent 2 days in Police custody. Then it was Bahar herself who gave in writing that she was an adult and she married Kardar by her consent only. Kardar and others were released then. Few years later Sardar Akhtar married Mehboob Khan and Kardar became his Co-brother.

Kardar, who lived in Marine Drive, died at the age of 85 years, on 22 November 1989, in Mumbai, Maharashtra.

Kardar supported and helped composer Naushad in his struggling times. Naushad was in a contract with Kardar studio, even when he had become famous, but he never left Kardar on his own. Kardar also took advantage of Naushad. Kardar also helped directors S U Sunny and M Sadiq. Sunny was working as a gatekeeper in Maadan Theatres of Calcutta. That time Kardar took him as an assistant. M.Sadiq’s father was a Tailor and he was looking after Kardar Studio’s costume department. He requested that his son may be taken by Kardar. kardar took him also. Both were initially paid Rs. 300/-. Slowly it became Rs.3000/- and then they learnt the art of direction and became independent.

Film Baghbaan (Gardener, Maali) was slated to be released on 16-7-1938, but just one week prior to its release date , Prabhat Film Company filed a case against film’s hero B Nandrekar and applied for a stay on film’s release. B Nandrekar aka Baba Saheb Nandrekar had acted in Prabhat’s famous film “Sant Tukaram-36″ (Marathi Version. Its Hindi version came only in 1948). That time Prabhat had signed a 3 year contract with him. But after Tukaram, Nandrekar was not given any film, so he acted in film Baghbaan. The case came up in the court on 13-7-1938. His advocates were Jinnah and Setalwad. He won the case and the court refused to give a stay. The case was summarily dismissed. The film released and became a Hit film. Nandrekar was a very popular actor. The chappals he used in film Baghbaan became famous as ” Nandrekar Chappals” and sold hundreds in market.

The story of film Baghbaan -38 was…..

SARUP (Nandrekar) is a disciple of Sadhu Bhagat Ram(Ashraf Khan). One day the Sadhu starts singing a devotional love song, but Sarup, without understanding its real meaning gets lost in thoughts of love. Seeing his condition, the Sadhu sends him to a janmashtami fair. In the fair also Sarup walks thinking about love, not knowing where he is going or what he is doing. The police suspect him, arrest him and he is sent to jail.

In the jail, Sarup is given the gardener’s job at the Superintendent’s bungalow. In one jail riot, he is injured. Seeing this,Durga ( Bimla Kumari),the jail Superintendent’s daughter, along with her friend Shanta(Sitara Devi) takes Sarup inside the house and Dr. Hansraj, father of Shanta is called. On arrival Dr. Hansraj suspects that Sarup is his long lost son, feared drowned, after marriage to Durga. Since then Durga is treated as a widow, but no one knows this. Durga takes care of Sarup, who is now a free man also. Slowly they develop love. The parents of Durga want to remarry Durga to somebody now. Ranjit (Yakub),a spent young man, wants to marry Durga. he spreads the news that Durga is a widow, so that no one will marry her.

As expected his marriage is fixed with Durga, much to the ire of his earlier lover kammo (Yasmin). Durga asks Sarup to go back. Sarup comes to Sadhu Bhagat Ram and tells everything. The Sadhu reveals that actually Sarup is Durga’s long last Husband and son of Dr. Hansraj.

They hurry up to Durga’s house, where the marriage ceremony has started. The Sadhu enters the mandap and utters Bollywood’s famous Dialogue- ” Yeh shaadi nahin ho sakti “. There is a great commotion. Then the Sadhu explains that Sarup is the long lost husband of Durga. As a proof, he produces the locket which Sarup had in his childhood.

Suddenly Kammo enters the mandap and shoots at Ranjit, killing him. She then kills herself also.

The long lost Husband and wife reunite and all are happy !

Today’s song is the 3rd song from this film to appear on this Blog. It is sung by Sitara Devi and Bimla Kumari.

(For this article, information has been culled from ” Music and arts in Hyderabad Deccan”-Kamlakar pasupuleti, ” Ateet ke Sitare’-Nand kishore, “सुंदर ती दुसरी दुनिया ” – Ambarish Mishra, ” Asli nakli chehere’ – Vithal Pandya, wiki, muVyz, HFGK, Film India-Sept-40 issue and my notes. Thanks to all)


Song-Aao mil jul ke (Baaghbaan)(1938) Singers-Sitara Devi, Bimla Kumari, Lyricist- Not mentioned in HFGK, MD- Mushtaq Hussain (Asst-Naushad )

Lyrics

Aao gale mil ke
Aao gale mil ke
jhoolen
padat phuhaar sajani ee ee
ae aao mil jul ke
aao mil jul ke
lotten fasle bahaar sajani ee ee
ae aao mil jul ke ae
aao mil jul ke

rut barsaat ki
rut barsaat ki re
rut barsaat ki
aayi ?? malhaar sajani
ae ae
kaali kaali badali ye
kaali kaali badali
chaaayi man mein ?? sajani
piya bina naahin re
piya bina naahin

?? zulfon ka ?? sajani
ae ae
piyaa binaa naahin te
piyaa bina naahin

jiya lalchaave
jiya lalchaave ae
jiya lalchaave ae
jiya lalchaave ae
jiya lalchaave
ke jiya lalchaave
?? charan piya sajani
ae ae
jiya lalchaave te
jiya lalchaave

man mandir mein ae
man mandir mein ae
man mandir mein ae
man mandir mein ae
man mandir mein
ke man mandir mein
aao karo upkaar sajani
ae ae
aao gale mil ke
aao gale mil ke
jhoole padat phuhaar sajani
ae ae
aao mil jul ke te
aao mil jul ke
looten fasl e bahaar sajani
ae ae
aao mil jul ke
aao mil jul ke


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4263 Post No. : 15488 Movie Count :

4269

Today’s song is from a very old film, Moti ka Haar-1937. The song is sung by Ashiq Hussain. The song begins with few sentences in English. The music is by Jaddanbai. The film was produced by Jaddanbai,under the banner of her own Sangeet Film Company, Bombay. It was directed also by Jaddanbai. Though she sang few songs in this film, she did not act in it. However, her daughter Baby Rani aka Fatima Rashid aka Nargis in adult life, acted in this film.Her son, Anwar Hussain also acted in this film. The other cast in the film was Mehtab, Ashiq Hussain, P L Santoshi, Mirza,Yusuf and many more.

Jaddanbai came from a Tawaif family. In the initial stage of the Indian films,whether silent or talkie,it was difficult to get girls from good families and background. Slowly this picture changed. When Talkie started many Tawaifs, singing girls and girls from such families joined films as they fulfilled the requirement of singing and looking good, in addition to their ease on Hindi/Urdu language.
At this time, slowly many educated and girls from high society as well as middle class families started joining films. So,to distinguish these women from each others, a system of nomenclature was followed.

All the Girls coming from Singing families and Tawaif background added the suffix “Bai” to their names, like Jaddanbai, Waheedan bai, Zohrabai,Amirbai etc. The Anglo-Indian and middle class girls took the prefix of ‘ Miss” like,Miss Moti,Miss Rose,MissTara,Miss ajmat,Miss Pearl etc.Those girls who were from high society were called Devi,like Sabita Devi,Kamla Devi,Renuka Devi etc. All Marathi actresses used their full names like Shanta Apte,Minaxi Shirodkar etc.

Another point, this nomenclature was only unofficial and traditional. So some Tawaif actresses took advantage of this to hide their roots.Like, Rampyari who was from a singing family of Hyderabad, sometimes called herself as Miss Rampyari.

Do you know the meaning of the word Kaneez ? Not many may be aware of it. To understand this word,we have to go back in History. There were 565 Princely states in India before Partition. Due to patronising of fine arts like music and dance by these Princes, a new class of Nautch Girls emerged in the 19th century. All Nautch Girls were not the same. Author Michael Kinnear, in his book “The Gramophone company’s first Indian Recordings 1899-1908 “, has explained the classification and Nomenclatures of these Nautch Girls. As per that, there were 4 types…

Lowest Class…..IV Name – Khanki Prostitutes/Sex workers
Class III Name – Kaneez Daasi or servant
Class II Name – Bai ji Singing/Dancing
Class I Name – Jaan Top class singers

They all were called collectively as Tawayafs. The readers will now understand the difference between Amirbai, Waheedanbai, Jaddanbai and Tamancha Jaan, Gauhar Jaan, Malika Jaan, Zohra Jaan etc etc. In the first decade of Talkie films, almost 90% actresses were from Tawayaf families. As the time went by, their percentage went reducing as girls from respectable families started opting for a film career.

Few of these Tawayaf actresses proved to be extraordinary and they set exemplary lifestyles. I would especially mention 4 names of such actresses, who were different from the rest and did an unexpectedly praiseworthy job. They are – Indurani, Mehtab, Gohar Mamajiwala and Jaddanbai. Indurani, was educated in a Convent school in initial years and understood the importance of education. She ensured high quality education to her children and after retirement from films, settled in US with her children. ” Knowledge is the greatest wealth” – her favourite life philosophy is engraved on her Grave stone in America.

Mehtab and Gohar Mamajiwala, both managed their husband’s cine studio companies with great efficiency. Both sacrificed their film careers to be with their husbands in thick and thin and ensured that they remained a great strength to their extended families. Both these women were highly respected in film industry.

The best among the four, however, was Jaddanbai. She was a multifaceted artiste. She was an excellent singer in her early career, where she was in great demand, receiving invitations from various princely states across the Indian subcontinent. In later life, she was a screen writer, Lyricist, Music Director, Actress, Director, producer and owner of a film production company. More than this, she had earned a high reputation in the film industry. She personally knew big guns like Mehboob, Karadar etc. Jaddanbai had undoubtedly earned a special status in the industry.

Her ability to settle complex personal and professional industry disputes, her generous open kitchen for co-workers, her penchant for colourful language and the high premium placed on her advise and recommendation made her a veritable institution in Indian film industry of her times.

Not only she wrote screenplays for all her films, she also helped her estranged son-Akhtar Hussain’s ” Nargis Art Films”, by writing screenplays for his films ” Anjuman-48″ and ” Darogaji-49″. Jaddanbai was proficient in Urdu, Hindi, Bengali, Persian, Arabic and English too. Jaddanbai’s films were made to boost good morals and promote Swadeshi values. Even her first film “Talash E Haq-35” was a story of a wayward actress Feroza, who had many lovers etc, but she finally goes for Search of Truth, denouncing all worldly matters in her life.
JADDANBAI was born in 1892. She was the love child of Motilal Nehru and her mother Daleepabai, who was a beautiful Tawaif. Daleepabai was originally from a Brahmin family,but was abducted and trained as a Tawaif. Jaddanbai was picked up from a mela of kothewalas, when she was only 5 yr. old and was trained as a Tawaif.

A close look at the special feature of Nose in Nargis,Indira Gandhi,Pt.Nehru,Rajiv Gandhi or Rahul Gandhi will confirm the similarity in the Nehru clan feature. Jaddanbai used to tie Rakhi also to Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru. ( from an article by Rajnikumar Pandya ji.)
Jaddanbai started learning music under the Ustad Moinuddin Khan, Barkat ali khan, Chhaddu khan and Laabh khan. For this she shifted to Calcutta in her teens only. Though she was born in Benaras, she grew up in Allahabad, the Nehru’s home town.

She started singing gazals and soon became so famous that she cut several Gramophone records. She was invited by many kings and states like, Rampur, Indore, Gwalior, Bikaner etc. She was very popular. A Lahore based film maker, Hakim Ram Pershad was also charmed by her singing and offered her a film role. At that time she was almost 40 year old, but she was not hired for her beauty but her singing. She did the role of Gopichand’s mother in this film. She was offered a role in film Raja Gopichand-1933, by Play Art Photo tone Co. of Lahore. She did that film and also did Insan ya shaitan, also in 1933, Sewa Sadan, Prem Pariksha and Naachwali, all in 1934 in Lahore and Karachi.

After these films, she decided that she had earned a lot so far and she wanted to enter the film business. She left the well earned fame and riches to relocate to Bombay to do a film career. Those days, Calcutta was for Bangla films, Lahore for Punjabi films and Madras for Tamil/Telugu films, so only Bombay catered to Urdu/ Hindi films. Naturally Jaddanbai’s choice became Bombay.

She started her own company – Sangeet Film Co. and produced ‘Talashe Huq’ in 1935, in which her daughter Baby Rani (later Nargis) made her debut. ( actually Baby Rani had also worked earlier in film Nachwali-34, but it was uncredited ). Jaddanbai was an actor,singer, director and she also gave music to few films. Thus she became the second female music Director(after Bibbo) in India.

As an actress her films were- Raja Gopichand-33, Insan ya shaitan-33, Sewa sadan-34, Prem Pariksha-34, Naachwali-34, Talash e huq-35, Hriday Manthan-36 and Madam Fashion-36.

She also Directed few films-Madame Fashion-36, Hriday Manthan-36, Moti ka Haar-37 and Jeewan Swapna-37.

As a Music Director,her films were-Talash e huq-35, Madame fashion-36, Hriday Manthan-36, Moti ka Haar-37 and Jeewan Swapna-37.
As a singer her famous songs were- pardesiya re jara-Naachwali-34
range mehfil na raha-Prem pariksha-34
Aaina rakh do -Sewa sadan-34
Dil me jabse kisi ka-Talash e huq-35
Khoone dil ka kahin-Hriday manthan-36 and
Ho pyala mad se bhara-Madam Fashion-36.

Her singing was very enchanting and even Saigal was her fan.

She had 3 husbands in three marriages and 1 child each from every one.

First she married Narottamdas Khatri,the financier of her first film.He converted to Islam and became Bachhi Babu to marry her. She got Akhtar Hussain from him.

Her second husband was Ustad Irshaad Meer Khan, from whom she got Anwar Hussain.
Her third husband was Mohan Babu. This Uttamchand Mohanchand Tyagi was an orthodox Mohyal Brahmin from Rawalpindi. He was going to London for studying Medicine. He heard Jaddanbai’s singing and fell for her. Against all resistence from his family, he converted to Islam, became Abdul Rashid and married her. She had at last found true love and till the end, they loved each others. He was known as Mohan Babu. He was handsome,rich and good natured. From him Jaddanbai got a girl child called Fatima Rashid or Baby Rani or NARGIS. It is believed that due to her love for Mohan Babu she adopted a Hindu name of Jaya Devi Tyagi also.
Her elder son Akhtar kept away from the family, became a Director, but later started his own business away from these people. Anwar Hussain and Nargis entered films.

Jaddanbai was very well read, cultured and a social person.

She died on 8-4-1949.

The hero of film Moti ka Haar-37 was Ashiq Hussain. Not much information is available on him, except that he hailed from U.P. and that he was educated up to Matriculation, in those days. He was one of the young and good looking heros of those days. He acted in 25 films, starting with Jaddanbai’s film Talash E Haq-35 and his last film was Utho Jaago-47 – a film produced by actress Shehzadi. After the film was complete, they got married and later migrated to Pakistan. There, Ashiq Hussain turned into a full time producer and made many films. Unfortunately no information about him in Pakistan is also available. Ashiq Hussain sang 32 songs in 13 films in India.

Today’s song is sung by Ashiq Hussain. The song has some English lines in prose, before the actual song starts. Surendra and Bibbo made this style famous, with their popular song “Tumhi ne mujh ko pyar Sikhaya’in film Manmohan-36, in which at the beginning, Bibbo asks ” क्या मैं अंदर आ सकती हूं ? ” This different style of song was liked by public and then some more songs with same style were brought in by other composers. May be this song too was an attempt in this direction. With this song, film Moti ka Haar makes its Debut on the Blog.

( I thank for information used in this article from writings of Jill Nelmes and Jule Seibo from book “Women Screen writers- An International Guide”‘, article by Debashri Mukherji, titled “Screen writing and Feminist Rewriting”, article by Michael Kinnear, site http://www.pak.mag.com, http://www.muVyz.com, Film Directory 1946 and my notes).


Song-Chot maar lyo ghoonghatwa ki oat janiya (Moti Ka Haar)(1937) Singer- Ashiq Ghulam Hussain, Lyricist- Jaddanbai, MD- Jaddan bai

Lyrics

aa aa aa aa
you told me
you told me
to come with your home
tomorrow morning
jab ham wahaan pe gaye to
cheez ka pata nahin mila
I am very much ?
I am very much ??
I love and I do for you

chot maar lyo
chot maar lyo
chot maar lyo
ghoonghatwaa ki oat janiyaa
ghoonghatwaa ki oat janiyaa
chot maar lo

chot maar lo
ghoonghatwaa ki oat janiyaa
o chot maar lo
ghoonghatwaa ki oat jainiyaa
chot maar lo

phooli hai bagiya
ghata lahraayi
sooni sejariya se tu naahin bhaawe
aa jaa sejariya ki oar janiyaa
haan aa jaa jhopadiya ki oar janiyaa
haan raaja jhopadiya ki oar janiyaa
chot maar lo
ghoonghatwaa ki oat janiyaa
chot maar lo

haan
?? joruen pyaari
main shauhar unka laadlaa aa aa
main shauhar unka laadlaa
aur ghar ka numberdaar
in sab joruan ke bech kar
main utaroon ganga paar
chot maar lyo ghoonghatwaa ki oat janiyaa
chot maar lyo


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4258 Post No. : 15479 Movie Count :

4267

Today’s song is from a relatively unknown or rather less known film ‘Vasanti’ (1938). The film was made by Minerva Movietone. The film was given to a novice for direction – KM Multani. He was with Sohrab Modi since his drama days and worked as a cinematographer for Modi’s first two films made by his Stage Films Company. After this first film, Multani also directed 4 more films, namely ‘Virginia’ (1940), ‘Vaseeyat’ (190,) ‘Ujala’ (1942) and ‘Umang’ (1944).

‘Vasanti’ had a pair of music directors. They were Govindrao Tembe and Meer Sahab. Meer Sahab joined Minerva in 1937 and gave music to its first film ‘Atma Tarang’ (1937). Though this film was a flop, he was continued to give music to few more Minerva films like ‘Vasant’, ‘Jailor’ and ‘Divorce’ in 1938, ‘Pukar’ (1939), ‘Main Haari’ (1940), ‘Sikandar’ (1941), ‘Phir Milenge’ (1942). ‘Patharon Ka Saudagar’ (1944) and ‘Lal Haveli’ (1944). either solely or with other MDs.

When Meer Sahab was giving music to an outside film ‘Bahadur Kisan’ (1938), his assistant was C Ramchandra during this period. He became very friendly with Master Bhagwan who was film’s director, hero and a singer too. Meer Sahab was an expert in classical music, but he used to forget tunes. That is why he was best when working with some other MD. In film ‘Vasanti’, his co-MD was Govindrao Tembe. Govind Sadashiv Tembe, popularly known as Govindrao Tembe (5 June 1881 – 9 October 1955), was a harmonium player, stage actor, and music composer. He grew up in Kolhapur and became attached to music early in life. He was largely self-taught as a harmonium player. He has acknowledged the debt of Deval Club for his initial forays into Hindustani classical music.

Tembe learnt his art from Bhaskarbuwa Bakhale and, although he never received direct guidance from Alladiya Khan of Jaipur Gharana, Tembe considered Khansaheb as his guru. He used to accompany Pt. Bhaskarbuwa Bakhale, and would also often perform solo, but later gave up harmonium for most part of his career. He composed music for the drama ‘Maan Apmaan’ in 1910, and also for the first Marathi talkie ‘Ayodhyecha Raja’ (1932). He also acted in both these productions.

He was a personal friend of Late Yuvaraja of Mysore, HH Sri Kanteerava Narasimha Raja Wadiyar. Prof Tembe was part of a large entourage of Yuvaraja during his trip to Europe in 1939. The troupe performed before the Pope and at other places during this trip. As World War II broke out, they stayed at London for a long time and ultimately returned in Jan 1940. Yuvaraja died soon after, at his Palace Anchorage (next to Hotel Taj) in March 1940 and Prof Tembe lost his patron.

Prof Tembe was part-owner of Gandharva Natak Mandali when it was formed in 1913. Two years later, he started his own company named Shivraj Natak Mandali. He wrote dramas and also the padas (songs) in them.

While in film industry, he dabbled in many departments. He was fond of acting. He acted in 6 films, namely ‘Maya Machhindra’ (1932), ‘Ayodhya Ka Raja’ (1932), ‘Seeta’ (1934), ‘Usha’ (1935), ‘Nand Kumar’ (1938) and ‘Krishna Sudama’ (1945). He sang 15 songs in his first 4 films, where he had acted. He directed one film – ‘Raj Mukut’ (1935) and he was a MD in 12 films, from ‘Ayodhya Ka Raja’ (1932) to ‘Saathi’ (1938).

Govindrao’s death was in a strange circumstance. His friend, VH Deshpande has written about it in an article, I found on http://www.parrikar.org, as follows.

Govindrao’s death was unexpected. Of late, he had taken considerable interest in the work of the Central Audition Board of All India Radio. He had gone to Delhi in connection with the work of this Board and suffered a heart attack on 29th September, 1955. Dr. Sumati Mutatkar conveyed the news to the Minister in charge of Information and Broadcasting Dr. B.V. Keskar and Shri P.M. Lad, I.C.S., who took keen personal interest and had Govindrao removed to Wellington Nursing Home. They also arranged for a thorough medical check-up and treatment by expert doctors.

It was felt that somebody from Govindrao’s family should go over to Delhi and stay with him. Shri P.M. Lad, Secretary to Government in the Department of Information and Broadcasting, wrote to Govindrao’s eldest son, Pilunana and called him to Delhi. For the first few days Govindrao was unable to move his hands and feet. But soon he rallied round and was well enough to send a telegram home saying – “I am feeling better. The A.I.R. officers have made excellent arrangements for my treatment. There is, therefore, no need for anybody from the family to come here. There is absolutely no cause for anxiety.”

In the meantime his youngest son, Bhaurao and his eldest daughter-in-law, Indirabai, had left Kolhapur for Delhi; but having seen (at Pune) the reassuring telegram from Govindrao they returned home. Fearing that the telegram might not have reached Kolhapur and that Bhaurao might have started for Delhi, Govindrao pressed Pilunana to go to the Delhi Railway Station to fetch him. Pilunana left the Nursing Home for the station. At 5.35 p.m. Govindrao suffered a heart attack apparently caused by a coughing fit which brought his life to an end in a matter of seconds. When Pilunana returned from the station at 7 p.m. he found that his father had passed away.

Officers of the All India Radio rushed to the hospital on hearing the news. Dr. Keskar too came to pay his respects to the departed soul. He gave
instructions to his officers in regard to the funeral. During this terminal illness of Govindrao, Dr. Keskar, Shri P.M. Lad and Dr. Sumati Mutatkar had
paid personal attention to Govindrao’s treatment and made every effort to make his stay at the hospital as comfortable as possible. They all felt a sense of guilt for the tragedy since it was in response to their invitation that Govindrao had gone to Delhi. “

Minerva Movietone was one of the major and famous film companies. Its initial films were very purposeful and tackled social evils like divorce, alcoholism and incest etc. Minerva was also famous for its grand historical movies and the solid dialogues delivered by Sohrab Modi. All this success did not come to him easily. He learnt through bitter lessons.

In the 30’s, when the talkie films started, there were about 9 big, famous and trend setting film companies. Most companies had graduated to talkie status after they made silent films. Only Bombay Talkies and Minerva Movietone started after talkie films had established a foothold. Let us see when these companies started their film making.

Company Year started
Madon Theatres 1919
Imperial 1926
Ranjit 1929
Prabhat 1929
Sagar 1929
New Theatres 1931
Wadia Movietone 1931
Bombay Talkies 1933
Minerva Movietone 1936

From this chart, it is clear that Minerva was the youngest of all these companies. Modi brothers had started a company called Stage Films Co. in 1935, which shot 2 films from a running stage drama. They were ‘Hamlet’ (1935) and ‘Saeed e Hawas’ (1936). Both were flops. Minerva Movietone was started by Sohrab and brother Rustom Modi in 1936, when they realised that the stage dramas, filmed as feature films did not get the public approval. Production from Stage Films- their first film production enterprise- was suspended till Minerva became successful. ‘Aatma Tarang’ (1937) was the new company’s first film. C Ramchandra was the harmonium accompanist for MD Habib Khan and Bundu Khan. He also did a small role in ‘Aatma Tarang’ and earlier ‘Saeed e Havas’ (1936). Minerva’s first film proved to be a let down.

Sohrab found that there were hardly 20 to 30 persons in the audience on the very first show. The film was based on the power of ‘Bramhacharya’ (Celibacy). In those days, Sohrab was greatly influenced by the teachings of Ramkrishna Mission. Seeing the poor response, he was upset. Thoughts of quitting the film production line were crowding in his mind. Suddenly, he saw four men coming towards him. They came, confirmed that he was Sohrab modi and told him that his film was very good. They further advised him to keep making such good films and one day he will be on top. Later on he learnt that these gentlemen were the Judges of Bombay High Court.

This gave lot of motivation to Modi. It also boosted his self confidence. As such he was sure of his success in films, but now he knew that he must make films on subjects of interest of the public and not his own philosophy, if he wants to succeed commercially. His second film was ‘Khan Bahadur’ (1937), based on the bravery and generosity of a Muslim king who became famous for his bravery. The English rulers gave him the title of Khan Bahadur. The film did a reasonable business.

This incident infused him with new hopes and enthusiasm. This changed his life. Initially he focused on making films on social evils like drinking (‘Meetha Zehar’ (1938)), husband-wife separation (‘Divorce’ (1938)) and incest (‘Bharosa’ (1940)). Enthused with this experience, he made successful films and took his company to the top. Renowned for big budget historical films, Minerva benefited from Modi family’s distribution interests in Gwalior, expanded by his third brother Keki Modi into western India. At one time he controlled a chain of 27 theatres in 10 cities. In 1952, they established India’s first Technicolour Laboratory.

In those days, every film company had its own committed audience. In addition, the language used in every studio’s films had a special touch e.g. Prabhat film language (i.e. dialogues and song lyrics) had a Poona Marathi influence, Ranjit films were Gujarati oriented and New Theatre’s language was ‘Bhoyankor and Bhishon’ – all words were rounded. Bombay Talkies brought in a day to day simple Hindi language. Minerva used Urdu and Farsi influenced words and pronunciations. It suited the long and forceful dialogues of Modi in his historical movies.

The cast of film ‘Vasanti’ was Naseem Banu, Navin Yagnik, Putli, Kusum, Sadiq Ali, Jamshed ji, Ghulam Hussain and many more. Something about the unusual name in the cast – Jamshed ji. His full name was Jamshed ji Bairam ji Khan Saheb. In some films, he was credited as Khan Saheb also. He was born in Bombay in 1889 as a typical Parsee. He was one of the oldest and most experienced actors having worked with several directors and over 25 years of acting.

He started with Silent films like ‘Pyaari Mamta’, ‘Madhuri’, ‘Sohni Mahiwal’, ‘Pooran Bhagat’, ‘Gulshan e Arab’, ‘Hoor e Baghdad’ and ‘Indira’. His first talkie film was ‘Daulat Ka Nasha’ (1931) and ‘Noorjahan’ (1931). He acted in about 50 films. His last known film was ‘Andaz’ (1949).

Jamshed ji, also gave music to 3 films- ‘Naya Zamana’ (1935), ‘Zaate Shareef’ (1936) and ‘Jagat Kesari’ (1937).

Hero of film ‘Vasanti’ was Navin Yagnik. Navin was a well known stunt film actor who did social films also with the same ease. Navin was born in Calcutta on 3-10- 1912. His father was from UP and mother from Bengal. During school days, he was more interested in sports, dramas and oratory. He did not complete his Matriculation, but ran away to Bombay, to become an actor-against the wishes of his family. He joined Sagar Films in 1930, as an extra, without salary. After few months he got Rs. 35 pm, but no credited roles. After a year or so, he left Sagar and joined Mohan Bhavnani’s Ajanta Film company. He first worked in film ‘The Mill ‘ (1934). Unfortunately, this film was banned for 2 years. The film was based on a story by Munshi Premchand and depicted the poor conditions of mill workers in Bombay. The Mill Owners’ Association brought pressure on Government and got the film banned. After 2 years, the film was released as ‘Ghareeb Parvar’ (1936) aka ‘Daya Ki Devi’. Two more films and Navin became hero in film ‘Pyar Ki Maar’ (1935).

In her autobiography, actress Hansa Wadkar says,”My hero in this film was one Navin Yagnik, a handsome boy from UP. He was very shy and after the shootings, he would quietly sit in one corner reading something. He never joined our drink parties, nor he participated in any other group activity. I was attracted towards him but he gave no response. He sent me invitation card of his marriage, when it was fixed.”

He also worked in Minerva Movietone, Prakash pictures, Filmistan and other good banners. Some of his well known films were, ‘Zambo-The ape Man’ (1937), ‘Meri Bhool’ (1937), ‘Divorce’ (1938), ‘Vasanti’ (1938), ‘Son of Zambo’ (1939), ‘Main Haari’ (1940), ‘Vasantsena’ (1942), ‘Raja Rani’ (1942), ‘School Master’ (1943), ‘Prithvi Vallabh’ (1943), ‘Chal Chal Re Naujawan’ (1944) etc. His last recorded film was ‘Bhagwat Mahima’ (1955). In all, he worked in 30 films.

Navin Yagnik died on 28-10-1977.

Today’s song is probably composed by Govindrao Tembe, but HFGK does not credit any song to individual MD in the duo. With this song, film ‘Vasanti’ makes its debut on this Blog.


Song – Roop Anoop Wahi Hai Sajani (Vasanti) (1938) Singer – Naseem Banu, Lyricist – Abdul Baqi, MD – Govindrao Tembe and Meer Saheb

Lyrics

roop anoop vahi hai sajani
roop anoop vahi hai sajani
jo preetam ko bhaave ri sajani
jo preetam ko bhaave ri sajani
jo saajan ko lubhaave sajani
jo saajan ko lubhaave sajani
roop anoop wahi hai sajani
roop anoop wahi hai sajani
jo preetam ko bhaave ri sajani
jo preetam ko bhaave ri sajani
jo saajan ko lubhaave sajani
jo saajan ko lubhaave

prem mein mann aisa kho jaawe
prem mein mann aisa kho jaawe
apna dhyaan na aawe ree sajni
apna dhyaan na aawe ree sajni
sab sudh budh bisraawe sajni
sab sudh budh bisraawe

yaad mein jeewan unke bita doon
yaad mein jeewan
aa aa aa aa aa
yaad mein jeewan unke bita doon
prem ki aag suhaave sajani
prem ki aag suhaave sajani
prem mein mann sukh paave sajani
prem mein mann sukh paave sajani
roop anoop wahi hai sajani
roop anoop wahi hai sajani
jo preetam ko bhaave ri sajani
jo preetam ko bhaave ri sajani
jo saajan ko lubhaave sajani
jo saajan ko lubhaave

——————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
——————————————

रूप अनूप वही है सजनी
रूप अनूप वही है सजनी
जो प्रीतम को भावे री सजनी
जो प्रीतम को भावे री सजनी
जो साजन को लुभावे सजनी
जो साजन को लुभावे सजनी
रूप अनूप वही है सजनी
रूप अनूप वही है सजनी
जो प्रीतम को भावे री सजनी
जो प्रीतम को भावे री सजनी
जो साजन को लुभावे सजनी
जो साजन को लुभावे

प्रेम में मन ऐसा खो जावे
प्रेम में मन ऐसा खो जावे
अपना ध्यान ना आवे सजनी
अपना ध्यान ना आवे सजनी
सब सुध बुध बिसरावे सजनी
सब सुध बुध बिसरावे

याद में जीवन उनके बिता दूँ
याद में जीवन
आ आ आ आ आ
याद में जीवन उनके बिता दूँ
प्रेम की आग सुहावे सजनी
प्रेम की आग सुहावे सजनी
प्रेम में मन सुख पावे सजनी
प्रेम में मन सुख पावे सजनी
रूप अनूप वही है सजनी
रूप अनूप वही है सजनी
जो प्रीतम को भावे री सजनी
जो प्रीतम को भावे री सजनी
जो साजन को लुभावे सजनी
जो साजन को लुभावे


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4249 Post No. : 15468 Movie Count :

4262

Today’s song is from film Amanat-43. There were 4 films with the same title, made in 1943, 1955,1975 and 1994. The films of 1955 and 1975 have already been yippied on the Blog. Amanat-43 makes its Debut with today’s song. The song is sung by Tara Harish.

When I had heard this name first time, somewhere in the late 40s, I had thought that this was some lady’s name. Later I thought that it was a joint name of two persons – one female and one male. However, after I read about ‘him’, his name mystery was solved. Harish, also known as Tara Harish, was born on 23-10-1916 at Delhi. His real full name was Tarachand Anand Biharilal Mathur. He was distantly related to Motilal and Mukesh. His father died when he was just 3 year old. He was brought up by his brothers and uncle. He graduated in 1937. After trying and failing in a second hand car business, he decided to enter film world and joined Sagar Movietone, where Motilal was getting established.

His first foray into films was in film ‘ 300 days and after ‘-38. In this film, however, he was uncredited. He got roles in other films like Postman, Ladies only, Service Ltd, Hum,Tum aur Voh, Ek hi Rasta, Civil marriage, Aurat, Nai Roshni, Vijay, Haqdar etc etc. He used to sing also in the films. As a Hero his last film was Amanat-43.

Harish took up Direction with film Beda Paar-44, a stunt C grade film, but soon he directed many social films also. In his career he directed 21 films. Some of his films are Toote tare-48, Ustad Pedro-51, Malhar-51 ( originally Harish was to be the hero, but he gave chance to Arjun), Daku ki ladki-54, Lalten-56, kali Topi laal rumaal-59, Do Ustad-59, Burmah Road-62. His last film, as a Director, was Awara Abdulla-63.

Harish acted in 21 films. He sang 39 songs in 16 films ( stats by MuVyz). He established his own production company- Omar Khayyam Films. When he was directing film Ustad Pedro-51, he changed the name of actress Nargis Rabadi to Shammi, since another more famous actress of same name- Nasrgis- was existing already in films.

Tara Harish died sometime in 1970.

Film Amanat-43 was made by N R Desai Productions and it was directed by Lalit Chandra Mehta. Earlier, Mehta had directed 2 films, namely, Nai Roshni and Lalaji, both in 1941. After Amanat-43, he directed one more film- Azadi ki raah par-48, before disappearing from films, as I did not find his name in any film later on.

The film had music by Ninu Mujumdar. There were 8 songs, written by Neelkanth Tiwari, MA. This Sahitya Academy award winner hailed from Madhya Pradesh. He was a very well known poet and a writer and was highly respected in film industry. He was a friend of Dilip kumar and Kishore kumar. He even acted in films like Nirdosh and Apna paraya in 1941. Both films were made by National studios. Tiwari also tried his hand at singing a song in film Nirdosh-41.

As a lyricist, he wrote 140 songs in 36 films. His last film as a lyricist was Hameer Hath-64. First song of Mukesh-“Dil hi bujha hua ho” from film Nirdosh-41 as well as the first yodelling song of Kishore kumar from film Adhikar-54 were written by him.

In addition to film songs, he also wrote many Jingles for advertising companies, for various products. After films he returned to M.P. and continued writing. He died on 11-2-1976, leaving behind wife Rama Devi, 2 daughters and one son.

The cast of film Amanat-43 was Harish, Husn Bano, Sankata Prasad, Bhudo Advani, Jyoti, Dulari, Nawab, Master Badri and many more. Actress Jyoti, besides acting in the film had also sung 2 duets in the film, one with the composer Ninu Mujumdar and the other with Dulari. This Dulari does not seem to be the one who acted in film Shehnai-47 and on whom the famous song “aana meri jaan Sunday ke Sunday” was filmed. She also became a popular character artiste in later films. She could neither sing nor dance, according to her interview published in Blog Beete hue din run by Shishir krishna Sharma ji. This singer Dulari may be Shama Dulari who later on had a 3 year contract with Shalimar Pictures, Poona and acted/sang in 3 of the films under this banner. Before Amanat, she seems to have sung songs in film Jhankar-42 also.

JYOTI ( real name Sitara Begum) was born in 1921 in a professional singer’s house in Agra-UP. Waheedan Bai was her elder sister. She was Nimmi’s aunt also.
She grew up in a musical atmosphere. She learnt the classical music of Agra Gharana.
Her entry into films was easy due to elder sister already being in films. Anil Biswas gave her first opportunity in Comrades-39 to act and sing 2 solo songs.
Then came Ek hi Rasta and Sadhana. She had done also Uski tamanna and Bhole Bhale in 1939.
Actually, she became famous after Aurat-40,in which she had 5 songs. Same year Pooja and Sanskar also added to her fame. In Sanskar,she sang with sister Waheedan Bai and also with Harish. Thus 1940 was a very lucky year for Jyoti.
In 1941,Darshan and Radhika, Jawani-42, Amanat-43. During 1942, there were rumours of bombing in Bombay. Jyoti got scared and stopped working for about 3 years. After much cajoling by Mehboob and Kardar she started working in 1945. Thus films Devar and Saathi in 46 saw her in films.

Her voice had some resemblance to Parul Ghosh. She was not a great singer, but Anil Biswas supported her very much.
Jyoti was married earlier, but her husband had left her. In Bombay she fell in love with G M Durani.
She married G.M.Durani-MD,Singer and Actor. Their married life was happy and long.
Jyoti acted in 19 films. Her last film was Sati Vaishalini-59. She sang 38 songs in 12 films. Her last songs were in film Devar-46.

Today’s song is sung by Harish. I have listened to other few songs of this film, but the music was very disappointing. This must be Ninu Mujumdar’s poorest film music easily. I selected this song as I felt, this was the best among other songs. After listening to this song, you can imagine about other songs.


Song-Chhoo gayi Chhoo gayi koi mera mann (Amaanat)(1943) Singer-Harish, Lyricist- Neelkanth Tiwari, MD- Ninu Mujumdar

Lyrics

Chhoo gayi Chhoo gayi koi mera mann
chhoo gayi
Chhoo gayi Chhoo gayi koi mera mann
murli bana gayi koi mera mann

mere hi honthhon se murli banaay ke
mere hi honthhon se murli banaay ke
koi baja gayi mera bhola mann
murli bana gayi koi mera mann
chhoo gayi

praanon mein bhar gayi koi nayi dhun
praanon mein bhar gayi koi nayi dhun
kaanon mein bhar gayi nayi run jhun
kaanon mein bhar gayi nayi run jhun
sapnon se
sapnon se
sapnon se bhar gayi mere nayan
murli bana gayi koi mera mann
chhoo gayi

soyi thhi mere aangan mein raat
soyi thhi
soyi thhi mere aangan mein raat
aayi wo kirnon ki le kar baaraat
aayi wo
aayi wo kirnon ki le kar baaraat
kamal sa khil gaya
kamal sa khil gaya angna ??
murli bana gayi koi mera mann
Chhoo gayi Chhoo gayi koi mera mann
murli bana gayi koi mera man
Chhoo gayi Chhoo gayi koi mera mann
chhoo gayi


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4245 Post No. : 15464 Movie Count :

4261

Today’s song is from an obscure film – Namak-47. Not only the film title was obscure but even the production House, the Director and even most of the cast too was practically unknown.

And no wonder. 1947 was an year which saw India’s Partition on religion basis. Pakistan was created and there was a stream of film people wanting to migrate. By the beginning of 1947 itself it was clear that there would be a Partition and those of the film industry who wanted to migrate, were in a great hurry to finish off their projects on hand at any cost before the D Day. Investors and artistes of various fields in film making tried their best to complete their films somehow. In this melee, quality of films became the casualty in most such cases, where migration hungry people were involved. This resulted in an unusually high number of films being completed and censored. The year 1947 recorded the maximum number of films – 181, since films were made. This record remained till 1988 when 185 Hindi films were made. So this record stood for 57 years !

This also reflected in the cast of several films, where to fill up vacancies, actors were recruited thoughtlessly. Most such excess people never appeared in films again ever. Film Namak was an example . The film was directed by Balwant B. Dave. He was actually a Cameraman. With the help of an investor S H Torani, he floated a Production company, Azad Pictures to produce film Namak. He also became a director of this film. It is another matter that this Production Company got dissolved after this one film, but Balwant Dave directed 3 more films – White face-48, Shahi Bazar-57 and Gogola-66. This Azad Pictures had even announced 2 more films, namely Kasturba and Voice of India. These ofcourse remained only on paper.

Similarly, the Music Directors were Shyam Babu Pathak and one Naresh Chandra. Though Pathak was an established composer, who remained active many years thereafter, Naresh Chandra was never heard again. Naresh Chandra even sang a song in this film. I have heard his song in this film and wondered who taught him singing. Looks like he went for recording straight from his bathroom !

The cast of film Namak-47 consisted of Dulari, Bhim, Dilawar, Habib, Neelam, Sharda, Chandrashekhar, and Sugandha. The names of Bhim, Sharada, Chandrashekhar and Sugandha were never heard by me after this film. The lead actress Dulari was a comparatively new one. having worked in small roles hetherto, this film was her first film as a Heroine. Earlier in film Adab Arz-43, she had played a side Heroine and the love interest of Mukesh. The Lyricist was Indivar and there were 5 songs in this film- 4 of them composed by Pathak and 1 by Naresh Chandra, the song being sung by him only. For 5 songs a total of 7 singers were used, out of which 4 were New names. These were, Anika Rizvi,Shabnam Hussaini, Naresh Chandra and R P Sharma. These four singers’ names were not heard by me earlier and never later also. They proved to be One time performers only, as far as I know.

In the cast there were two names, which were a part of “Same name Confusion” list. Those names are Heroine Dulari and singer Leela Mehta. Many times, I wondered why same names were used in the film industry at all ? Names like Nalini and Leela could be counted in as many as 5 to 6 artistes. My observation is , whenever the artistes used their Surnames along with own names, there was no confusion. A case in point is name ‘Leela’.

There were following Leelas in film industry…
Leela Chitnis
Leela Chandragiri or Pendharkar,
Leela Mishra
Leela Sawant and
Leela Mehta.

Similarly, there were Shanta Patel, Shanta Mujumdar, Shanta Apte, Shanta Hublikar and many such examples. Since Maharashtriyan actresses were keen on using their Surnames, they were hardly a part of SNC, with the exception of Leelas. Leela Desai and Leela Chandragiri were actresses who operated in same periods in films. Generally, their names were credited full. However some films listed their names as simply, Leela or Miss Leela. In case of Leela Chandragiri , she was listed variously as Leela, Miss Leela, Leela Chandragiri or Leela Pendharkar. This caused lot of confusion in updating their filmographies.

In film Namak-47, the singer was Leela Mehta. Luckily she was essentially a singer, except for one Hindi film-Shri Ram Avatar-50, in which she had acted also.Since she was almost always credited as Leela Mehta, she was not a part of any SNC. Thank God !

Daughter of Kanhaiyalal Mehta and Indumati, Leela was born on 10-12-1935 at Borivali in Bombay. She was elder of the two sisters. Due to loss in business, her family shifted first to Ahmedabad and later to Baroda, where they settled. Leela studied in Marathi medium school- New Era Vidyalay in Baroda. Leela participated in all functions of the school and acted in dramas, much to the annoyance of their social circle. She developed interest in singing after listening to songs by Khursheed and Kananbala. She started learning music despite the resistance from home and others in their society.

V.M.Vyas, the famous Director and a family friend knew about her interest and offered her main role in film Ranak Devi-46. She was just 11 year old and did not suit the role, but she was given another role in it. Kokila Balsara aka Nirupa Roy too acted in it as a Debut film.

Due to her father’s death, the family shifted to Bombay and Leela took the responsibility of being the bread earner by acting and singing in dramas and Radio plays. Meanwhile she learnt further music from Prof. Surendra Rao. She started acting and singing in Gujarati films. Ranjit Movietone offered her a big role in film Gunsundari-48, but since the role needed her to put on a Sleeveless Blouse, she refused that role. Finally, it went to Dulari. She, however sang songs in that film and they became quite popular in Gujarat.

Leela Mehta had grown up in Marathi atmosphere and also was educated in Marathi Medium, so her Marathi was very good. She was invited to work in Marathi dramas. She did roles in famous and popular Marathi dramas and also sang songs. From 1950 onwards, she started acting in Gujarati dramas. Meanwhile she used to sing in Hindi films occasionally. In early 50s, she mad very successful foreign trips with her troupe, to do Gujarati dramas and singing concerts.

Inspite of being successful and acting and singing in Marathi, Hindi and Gujarati films and dramas, her father did not see even one show of hers. This pained her till end. leela stayed in a Bungalow in Versova in Bombay. Once it was rumoured that there was a Ghost in it, she immediately left that house and shifted to Dadar. Inadvertently, she forgot to inform the industry about her change of address, and this diminished her demand drastically.

Her mother died in 1972. In 1982, she toured USA. In 1985, the Marathi Natya Parishad honoured her with a cash award. Till 1992, she acted in Marathi and Gujarati TV serials. In all, Leela acted in 300 Gujarati/Marathi dramas, films and serials. Leela was bedridden and unable to speak also.Her house was demolished. She was under the care of a close relative, Nitin Dahisariya. Finally, the news came that Leela Mehta expired in September 2019.

Leela Mehta acted in only one Hindi film- Shri Ram Avatar-50. She sang 17 songs in 9 Hindi films, including 2 Unreleased films.
Her Films are Nai Kahani-43 ( 2 songs), Gaurav-47 (1), Namak-47 (1), Pehli Pehchan-47 (2), Gunsundari-48(2), Satyawan Savitri-48..No information, Chocolate-50..No information, Shri Ram Avatar-50 (4) and Hanste Rehna-50 (1). Her unreleased films were, Apradh-48 (3) and Bidhata-48 (1).

The other Same name was that of Dulari. There was one more Dulari, since the silent days into the Talkie, but luckily the Sr. Dulari stopped working much before this Dulari entered films, hence there was no SNC.

The Senior Dulari was in silent films starting with film “Poona Raided”-1924, made by Deccan pictures Corpn,Bombay. She acted opposite Vishnupant Pagnis ( who became famous in the Prabhat Talkie film “Sant Tukaram”-1936 and won award in Venice Festival). The silent films were made till 1934. She continued acting in the silent films and when Talkie films started she did act in few Talkie films too. There is a record that she acted in 11 Talkie films. Her last film was Laylo Nihar-1936. Then there is no trace of her.

The Junior Dulari was born as Ambika Vithalrao Gautam, on 18-4-1928 at Nagpur. Her father was in P and T dept. She was called first as Rajdulari and later only Dulari remained. She had 2 younger brothers. Father left P and T job,and joined “Alfred – Khatau” drama company. They shifted to Bombay in 1939.

She started films with Jhoola in 1941. In “Adab Arz”-43, she was the love interest of Mukesh. In film Paapi-53, she was Raj kapoor’s second heroine. In film Namak-47, she first became a Heroine.
Lee
She got married to Sound Recordist Jagannath Jagtap in 1951. They had one daughter. He died in 1972.
She acted in 171 Hindi, 35 Gujarati and 3 Marathi and 1 Rajasthani film till last film Ziddi-1997.

She died on 19-1-2013 at Pune.

I have not seen this film. I saw few advertisements of this film in some old issues of Film India magazine. According to the ads, the film was a social thriller and Dulari played a Christian Convert in this film. The dialogues were by Pt. Anuj.

With today’s song, film Namak-47 makes its Debut on this Blog.


Song-Do hain naina hon chaar kaise (Namak)(1947) Singers- Leela Mehta, Yeshwant Bhatt, Lyricist-Indeevar, MD- Shyam Babu Pathak
Both

Lyrics

Do hain naina
Do hain naina
hon chaar kaise
Do hain naina
Do hain naina
hon chaar kaise
Do hain naina

koi kahe hamko pyaar hai
koi kahe hamko pyaar hai
Do hain naina
Do hain naina
hon chaar kaise
Do hain naina

kisi ka saath nahin
haathhon mein haath nahin
kisi ka saath nahin
haathhon mein haath nahin
?? sharmaaye aur intzaar kaise
?? sharmaaye aur intzaar kaise
Do hain naina
Do hain naina
hon chaar kaise
Do hain naina

karaar kiya nahin
karaar kiya nahin
karaar kiya nahin
dil bhi diya nahin
dil bhi diya nahin
dil koi(?) ho jaaye taiyyaar(?) kaise
dil koi(?) ho jaaye taiyyaar kaise

Do hain naina
Do hain naina
hon chaar kaise
Do hain naina

ek nazar
ek nazar ?? unko ghoorti(?)
ek nazar ?? unko ghoorti(?)
ek nazar man mein bana leti hoor ki
ek nazar man mein bana leti hoor ki

salaam (?)kar le ab kaise kaise
salaam (?) kar le ab kaise kaise
pranaam ka miley adhikaar kaise
pranaam ka miley adhikaar kaise

Do hain naina
Do hain naina
hon chaar kaise
Do hain naina


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4243 Post No. : 15461 Movie Count :

4260

Today’s song is from a Stunt film- Black Out-1942. This was produced by Standard Pictures, Bombay, The film was directed by a veteran- Nari Ghadiyali. Music was by Ninu Mujumdar and Behram Irani. Songs were written by Wahid Qureshi. The film cast consisted of Benjamin, Shobha, Mukhtar, Bibi, Nazira, Sardar Mansoor, Ali, Habib, Bachhu Saoji, Sadiq Ali and many others.

When I read the film’s title, I thought it was based on some war story, because in 1942, there used to be Black Outs in major cities of India, due to fear of bombing by the enemies. In 1942, the second world war was in full force. However, later I found that this film had nothing to do with war and that it was a simple stunt film.

All stunt films had almost the same pattern of story. The only distinguishing factor was the variety of the stunts performed in the films. It depended upon the actors. The director and the cast of film Black out indicated loudly that the team of actors was that of a stunt film. This was clear, because the stunt films had a set of actors and actresses, as well as directors who were specialised in this Genre of films.

In this world, crime takes place only for 4 things. 1. Power, 2. Money, 3. Sex, and 4. Revenge. Stunt films from the 30s to the end of 60s were based only on Money and Revenge. It is only when the complexion of the Indian society changed, then the stunt/action films were made on Sex and Power. Not till then. And nowadays, the word ” Stunt films” is gone for ever. Now such films are called ‘ Super Action Films’ – where the ‘ action ‘ is not by the actors, but managed by the SFX Team (special effects team) !

I have not seen this film myself, but after reading its story synopsis from the film booklet, I find that actually, it was a social film – action and stunts coming only occasionally and they seemed to be incorporated as an afterthought.

Here is the film story:-

Ramesh (Sadiq) has designs on his brother, Dhirjlal’s (Ali) vast wealth which, according to his will, the old man is leaving half to his son Vasant (Sardar Mansoor).
Vasant and his sister Bimla (Shobha), have both been raised in luxury, but while Bimla was a worthy child, Vasant was spoiled and, unknown to his father, a drunkard and a gambler. Ramesh devises a scheme to make his brother realize what kind of a son Vasant really is, in an effort to get Dhirajlal to disown him.

But Vasant has fallen in love with Radha (Mukhtar), the divine daughter of an old employee of Dhirjlal’s. Radha tried to persuade Vasant to end his wicked ways, and because their love was so strong, Vasant became a changed man. Ramesh realizes he needs to up his game, and he hires a group of accomplices, led by a beautiful girl (Bibi), to trick Vasant into appearing in a suggestive photograph to show that he is of loose moral character. Surendra (Benjamin) and his pal Bagla Bhagat (Mehndi Raza) come across this scenario in which Vasant is to be framed, and they attempt to help him out of it, but not before the incriminating photo has been snapped.

Vasant pleads with Surendra to help him get the photo back, and Surendra puts on a disguise, reaches the den on a motorcycle, and succeeds in retrieving the photo, but not without a fight which also involves Bagla Bhagat and Vasant.

Seeing Vasant in jail due to the fight, Dhirjlal prepares a new will, excluding his son. Vasant learns that this was all the work of his greedy uncle and he makes this accusation in the face of his father, who angrily throws Vasant out of the house.

According to the new will, Ramesh becomes the recipient of half of Dhirajlal’s wealth, but Dhirajlal intends to change this after two years time and put Vasant back in the will.

Ramesh makes a plot to stop the will’s revision and Surendra and Bagla Bhagat help Vasant to frustrate the uncle’s plans. All is well at the end.

Shobha has done the role of a side heroine- Bimla in this film. Shobha, unfortunately remains an actress about whom no information is available. On going through the HFGK, I find her name in at least 20+ films. Sometimes she is listed as Shobha Devi. Another bit of information about Shobha was that the actress Lata Sinha, who started as a child star (as Baby Lata) in Riyasat-55 and Nau Do Gyarah-57 etc. was her daughter. Lata did a good role in Bees saal baad-62. She mainly acted in action/stunt, costume and other B and C grade films only. She was also in film Bhoot Bungla-65.

Another interesting actor is Sadiq Ali, who became a regular in stunt films in the 40s, but prior to this, he was with Minerva Movietone. Sadiq Ali, was born on 6-10-1911 at Jullundhar, Punjab. His 2 cousins- Wazir Ali and Nazir Ali were famous Indian cricketers. Sadiq Ali completed his Engineering degree and worked in M.E.S. at Kanpur (Military Engg. Services). Due to strong desire to work in films and dramas, he resigned from his job after 5 years and joined Agha Hashr’s Drama company. When the company was closed, he joined The Burma Imperial film company at Rangoon. After few small roles, he came down to Bombay.

After working in some smaller companies, he joined Minerva Movietone. Starting with khan Bahadur-37, he worked in Minerva’s Pukar-39, Sikandar-41, Phir Milenge-42, Prithwiraj Sanyogita-43, Parakh-44 (only directed by Modi) and Ek din ka sultan-45, also in Sandesa-39,Black out, Duniya tumhari hai, Phir milenge, Ulti Ganga, Patharon ke saudagar,Jagbeeti,Nishana, Do Naina, Manjhdar, Mitti etc. In all he acted in 23 films. His last film was Ever Ready-46. After partition, he migrated to Pakistan.

First film in Pakistan Judai-1950, Shaheena-50, Nazar and Zeenat-51. Other film Shola (1952).

Sadiq Ali was a very successful and famous actor before partition and got the title of Prince of Minerva. He acted in many films in India, but in Pakistan, Sadiq Ali could not be successful as he was in India.

He was paralyzed in 60’s and could be seen sitting with Pan shop in Capitol Cinema lane, Karachi. He died on 12-7-1977 in Karachi. In his last days, he was seen begging on road.

Today’s song is a fun song, sung by film’s Music Director Ninu Mujumdar. The duet also has Rehmat Bai as a lady singer. Rehmat bai aka Rehmat bano was a professional singer from Lahore. Not much is known about this singer.

Ninu Mujumdar was a talented composer, but his career graph did not go up noticeably.

Ninu (Niranjan) Majumdar was born on 9-9-1915 in a Gujarati Nagar Brahmin family of Baroda (Vadodara). Ninu was a pet name that he became famous by. His real name was Niranjan, which he later used as a pen name in his Gazals. His father, Nagendra Mazumdar made silent films. He was also a Music Director and Lyricist in his times. Ninu Majumdar’s name is variously written as Mujumdar, Muzumdar, Majumdar and Mazumdar.

After the early influence of Faiyaz Khan, Mazumdar’s search took him to various routes and he studied different kinds of music before he came into his own to become one of the first Gujarati Sugam Sangeet (light music) singer. He soon graduated to composing his own music and writing songs. Apart from classical music, the earlier influence was also of Ravindra Sangeet. This was at the time when Bengali language enjoyed prestige among Gujaratis of a kind that was comparable to the status of French among the English speaking nations. He grew out of it in a few years.

The more lasting influence on his music was that of folk songs and semi-classical music of Uttar Pradesh (U.P.) like the Hori, Chaiti, Barkha Biraha as well asThumri and Dadra. He learned these during his stint in U.P. where he did farming for some years and also kept in touch through association with people like Satyendra Trivedi, a connoisseur of music and the “Thumri Queen”, Siddheshwari Devi, a family friend and his wife Kaumudi’s Guru.

Ninu’s ambition, even when he started his schooling in music at Baroda, was to become a music director in films. From 1937 onwards he participated in light Gujarati musical programmes. He also produced several features for All India Radio. From 1954, Mazumdar worked with all India Radio in Mumbai for over 20 years as Light Music Producer. He would have liked to take part in Hindi programmes too but the shortage of Gujarati artists forced him to concentrate on programmes in that language.

When in charge of music for the newly launched Vividh Bharati, that had to compete with Radio Ceylon without using any film music (film music was not played on AIR for several years due to conflicts over contracts and royalties), he successfully produced programmes inviting Salil Chaudhary, Kanu Ghosh and others from Bombay Youth Choir or IPTA and using voices of Manna Dey and other well known artists. Later when the issue of royalties was settled between the film producers and AIR, Mazumdar was the first to produce the popular Jaymala Programme by interviewing eminent persons from the film industry.

A career in films was also cut out for Ninu Mazumdar, as his father, Nagendra Mazumdar, was a dramatist and film producer. Nagendra was not much of a musician but he imparted his son training in music from the very early days.

Ninu found the field restricted, in a way in films, because of the need of working at a very fast pace and with view to pleasing the majority among the public. Ninu tried to introduce a new trend in film music, that of, adding a classical touch by borrowing from the old masters like Surdas. These attempts met with considerable success in Gopinath, a picture in which Ninu had interest as a producer as well.

It was in films made in the forties that a young Ninu Mazumdar’s voice could be heard. He sang with Sardar Akhtar in “Uljhan”, with Amirbai Karnataki in “Paristan” and Meena Kapoor in “Gopinath”.

He provided music for Jail Yatra-47 and Gopinath-48, two of the earliest Raj Kapoor films. It is well documented by now that the Yashomati Maiyase Poochhe Nandlala song in RK movie Satyam Shivam Sundaram is a direct lift from Mazumdar’s Aai Gori Radhika in Gopinath.

He also composed music for several Gujarati Films like “Jeevano Jugari”, “Okha Haran”, “Sharad Poonam” etc.

He sang and penned quite a few of his songs. Amongst others who sang for him were Meena Kapoor, Shamshad Begum, Geeta Dutt, Suraiya, Hameedabanu, Pradeepji, C.H.Atma, Ameerbai Karnataki, Raj Kapoor, Shankar Dasgupta, S.D.Batish, Lakshmi Shankar, Talat Mehmood, Siddheshwari Devi, Rajkumar, Nalini Mulgaonkar, Dilip Dholakia, Ajeet Merchant, Shobha Gurtu, Sarla Bhide, Lata Mangeshkar, Asha Bhosale, Manna Dey, Kishori Amonkar, Usha Mangeshkar, Leela Mehta, Premlata Naik, Kishori Ghia, Suman Kalyanpur, Kaumudi Munshi,etc.

Vetern composer Ninu Mazumdar passed away on March 3 2000. Some of his songs have become so popular that people often do not even remember who wrote or composed them.

He gave music to 19 Hindi films – Black out-1942,Amanat, Masterjee, School Master, Kiran, Paristan, Rangila Dost, Main kya karun, Gudiya, Jail yatra, Gopinath, Kuch naya, Aflatoon, Pul, Raj ratan, Ram Shastri, Teen Tasweeren, Bhai Saheb-54 and Punam ka chaand-67.

He sang 28 songs in 13 films and directed 1 film-Kuchh naya-48

His son Uday gave music to TV serial ” Buniyaad ” in the 80s.

With today’s song, film Black out-42 makes its debut on the Blog.


Song-Haay haay haay haay dil ko le gaya chor (Black Out)(1942) Singers- Ninu Mujumdar, Rehmat Bai, Lyricist- Wahid Qureshi, MD- Ninu Mujumdar
Both

Lyrics

Haay haay haay haay
haay haay haay haay
dil ko le gaya chor
Haay haay haay haay
haay haay haay haay
dil ko le gaya chor
ab jaun main kis oar
ab jaun main kis oar
Haay haay haay haay
haay haay haay haay
dil ko le gaya chor
raat ko hamne kheer pakaayi
khaa gayi usko billi
raat ko hamne kheer pakaayi
khaa gayi usko billi
billi ko jab dhoondhne nikle
billi ko jab dhoondhne nikle
jaa pahunche ham Dilli
jaa pahunche ham Dilli
Haay haay haay haay
haay haay haay haay
dil ko le gaya chor
Haay haay haay haay
haay haay haay haay
dil ko le gaya chor

Dilli mein jab khaana khaaya
jaage bhaag jawaan ke
Dilli mein jab khaana khaaya
jaage bhaag jawaan ke
saalan mein thhi mirchi itni
khul gaye dil ke taanke
saalan mein thhi mirchi itni
khul gaye dil ke taanke

Haay haay haay haay
haay haay haay haay
dil ko le gaya chor
Haay haay haay haay
haay haay haay haay
dil ko le gaya chor

Dilli ki jab sair ko nikle
mili hamen ek bandan(?)
Dilli ki jab sair ko nikle
mili hamen ek bandan (??)
aankh matkaa kar boli le do
mujhe sone ke kangan
aankh matkaa kar boli le do
mujhe sone ke kangan
Haay haay haay haay
haay haay haay haay
dil ko le gaya chor
Haay haay haay haay
haay haay haay haay
dil ko le gaya chor


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4240 Post No. : 15453

Today’s song is from the early era of Talkie films. The film is Desh Deepak-1935. The film was made by Wadia Movietone – the pioneers and Flag bearers of Stunt and Costume films. The film was directed by J B H Wadia, the elder brother of the owners. The screenplay, story and Lyrics were by Joseph David and the music was given by Master Mohammed. The cast included Master Mohammed, Shareefa, Iqbal, Sayani Atish, Sardar Mansoor, Husn Bano, Nadia, Boman Shroff, John Cavas, Jaidev(composer), Jijibhai and many more.

When the Talkie films started, the audience was awestruck and went to the theatres to see and enjoy, whatever the producers served them on the screen. Initially, the films were mostly Mythological and Costume dramas, but in due course, the film makers realised that making a stunt film was much more profitable than a Costume drama. Stunt films could be made in Rs. 30-50 thousand, whereas for other films, the investment was more. Further religious films catered to only a particular religion, i.e. Muslim and Christian audience would not see a Mythological film and Hindu and Christians will not see a Muslim religious film. But stunt films were for all and sundry. There was no restriction.

Due to all this, the pioneers of stunt/action films decided to concentrate on this Genre only. Wadia Movietone was the leading film maker of these C grade films. Other companies who made such films were, Imperial, Ranjit, Sharda, krishna, Saraswati, Saroj, Sagar, Bharat Royal, Ajanta, Madan etc. in 1933 Wadias entered with force in this market, and followed by others, in just 3 years i.e. from 1933 to 1935, a total of 138 films of Stunt/Action, Costume, Arabian Night stories and magic based Imaginary films ( all C grade) were made. Significantly, out of these 138 films, as many as 42 films were Stunt and Action films. This was mainly because of Wadia Movietone. They introduced Fearless Nadia in Hunterwali-35 and virtually ignited the flame of Stunt/Action films from 1935 to 1950. Thus the decade of 40s could be called “Stunt Film Decade” with 210 such films from 1941 to 1950.

Wadia Movietone was a noted Indian film production company and studio, based in Mumbai, established in 1933 by Wadia brothers J. B. H. Wadia and Homi Wadia. It was most known for stunt, fantasy and mythological films, including Hunterwali (1935).

Wadia brothers belonged to a Parsi family, and their ancestors came from the ship building Wadia family (Wadia Group), originally from Surat, which also built the British wartime ship HMS Trincomalee (1817). Their ancestors moved to Bombay in the 18th century. It was co-established in 1933, by producer and screenwriter J. B. H. Wadia, his younger brother director Homi Wadia, film distributor Manchersha B. Billimoria, and brothers Burjor and Nadirsha Tata.
However, the Tata brothers left the partnership within three years. The company then continued production of film, documentaries and newsreels from its studios near Lowjee Castle, Mumbai, the Wadia family mansion, owned by their great-grandfather Lovji Nusserwanjee Wadia, a noted shipbuilder, who founded the Wadia Group in 1736. The company even had its logo as a ship, honouring their family legacy. They company made Hunterwali (1935) starring Fearless Nadia, Boman Shroff and John Cawas, which became a surprise hit and its first big success. Thereafter, they made several films based on the Arabian Nights.

However, by the end the 1930s, the genre of stunt, fantasy and mythology films which dominated the early films, was beginning to fail and the company ran into heavy losses, after they invested into ambitious projects which flopped. The last film made by the company was Raj Nartaki (1941) under the direction of Madhu Bose. Thereafter, the studio premises were up for sale; V. Shantaram bought the studio in 1942 and established Rajkamal Kalamandir on the premises. Homi Wadia, who worked as a director the company, went on to establish Basant Pictures in the same year, though initially as a film production house. Subsequently, he established a film studio under the same banner in 1947, which functioned till 1981.

Riyad Vinci Wadia, grandson of J.B.H. Wadia inherited the studio in 1990. He is most known for his film, Bomgay (1996) and a documentary on Nadia, Fearless: The Hunterwali Story. He died in 2003.

In the early phase of Cinema, till about the end of 40s, the Studio system was in vogue. Initially, all studios employed their own staff and the films were sold on the name of the studios, e.g. Prabhat, Wadias, Ranjit, Sagar, New Theatres etc etc. Over the years slowly the ‘ Free Lance ‘ system set in and major stars operated independently. All studios tried to have the best, among their staff. Successful artistes had great demands. Even the story writers and screenplay writers were important. one such person was Joseph David (Penkar), from Imperial film co., who ,later on , joined Wadias. He was a Jew. The contribution of Jew Community to Hindi cinema in different fields like, acting, Direction, Cinematography, etc was noteworthy from the beginning of Talkie films.

Among the earliest script writers for the silent films was a Bene Israel Jew, Joseph David Penkar- (जोसेफ डेव्हिड पेणकर) (1872-1942), a theatre manager of the third decade of the twentieth century, who was also the author of plays in Marathi and Urdu. Today, three of his plays – Queen Esther, The Maccabeen Warriors and Prince Ansalom – are archived in Israel.
He wrote the story, screenplay and some of the music of Alam Ara (1931), the first full length talkie of Indian cinema. Alam Ara betrays the influences of Hebrew, Hindi and English stories. In one scene, the wicked queen imprisons a young man who fails to respond to her advances, like the Biblical story of Joseph and Potiphar’s wife. And the sub-plot of a lover couple separated, reminds of Rama and Sita from the great Hindu epic Ramayana, with perhaps a touch of Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet.
Joseph David was born in the Marathi speaking Penkar (पेणकर ) clan of Bene Israel Jews in the Dongri-Umarkhadi area of Bombay in 1872.
Although David did not receive much of schooling, he acquired fluency in Hebrew, English, Hindi, Urdu, Marathi and many other Indian languages. Driven by his passion for English plays, David joined the Parsi Theatrical Company as a stagehand. He was given small improvisational parts as an actor. But, with his talent for music composition and way with words, he soon found himself working as a playwright.

He made a breakthrough when he wrote the screenplay for India’s first talkie, Alam Ara, which was released on 14th March 1931. The film was a huge success. Tickets were sold for twenty times the admission rate as crowds thronged to see the first talkie venture of Indian cinema. After Alam Ara, he joined its production house, the Imperial Film Company, as a playwright and also got involved with film-producing, directing and music composing. Other screenplays followed: Sati Sone (1932); Lal-e-Yaman (1933), to which he also composed the scores; and Desh Deepak (1935). Joseph David died in 1942.

He gave music to 3 films,composing 40 songs…Laal E Yaman-33, Vaman Avtar-34 and Bagh E Misr-34. He also wrote 110 songs in 11 films, from Mahabharat-33 to Pahadi Kanya-36.

Film Desh Deepak-35 had music by Master Mohammed- who also acted in this film. Master Mohammed started his career as an actor and composer in Krishnatone’s ” Harishchandra”-1931-one of the earliest Talkie film in the first year itself. He composed 20 songs in ” Seeta swayamvar”-1933. Same year he acted and composed music to India’s First Talkie Fantasy film “Lal E Yaman”-33. He used to sing songs in his films. He was MD of many films of Fearless Nadia, from her First big film ” Hunterwali ” -1935 to ” Sher E Baghdad”-46. He gave music to 24 films, composing 217 songs and sang 41 songs in 18 films. He also acted in 23 films.

His specialty was patriotic songs in his films. Some of his famous songs were, Hum watan ke-jai Bharat-36 and Zanda uncha rahe hamara-Lutaru Lalna-38. Another song from his film, ‘Jagat ka sapna” was based on Hindu-Muslim Unity. In his every film, there used to be a patriotic song.

His last film as an actor was ” Flying Prince “-1946.
His last film as a composer was Sati Seeta-46.

I have not seen this film, but I got its story, with thanks, from a Blog, exclusive for such film discussions – http://www.pedrotheapebomb.wordpress.com. One special point about this film. This film has the famous composer Jaidev, acting in it as a child artiste. Jaidev had run away from home to Bombay and did few films before returning to home, according to his biography.

The story is…

A kingdom loses its king and there is a mad scramble to take power which would otherwise go to the child prince (Master Jaidev), who is now in hiding. Meanwhile a young woman (Sharifa) is selected to run the country.

To keep the woman in power, her elder sister (Iqbal) joins forces with the General (Sayani Atish) who, unbeknownst to anyone, desires the kingdom for himself. But the woman’s husband (Sardar Mansoor), a patriot, will not divulge the whereabouts of the prince, who is safely hidden away with a high priest (Master Mohammad) and his family, so the general puts him in jail.

The General’s daughter, a pacifist, wins over one of her father’s officers (S.L. Puri) in hopes that he will help avert an all out war, but the General, feeling betrayed, demands his execution. The daughter then meets two entertainers (Nadia and Parsi Charlie) and they try to release the patriot and two other rebels (Boman Shroff and John Cawas), who are imprisoned with him, and together they hope to stop the execution of the young officer.

When she comes to realize the General’s true plans, the elder sister turns against him and goes back to help her husband…but then, the younger sister and her army set out to crush the rebellion once and for all.

One song from this film is already posted here. So, this is the second song, sung by Husn Bano and S L Puri.


Song-Naseeba mera chamka jo sabak loon tumse (Desh Deepak)(1935) Singers-Husn Bano, S L Puri, Lyrics-Joseph David, MD-Master Mohammad
Both

Lyrics

sipahsaalar Feroz

Kya

insaan ka khoon bahaana
ye sab aapka ka kaam hai
?? jo maalik tumhaare haathon
khuda ke bandon ka khoon bahaate hain
wo sirf apna matlab nikaalte hain
sipahsaalaar
watan kaum aur mazhab ke liye
jung karna jitna achcha hai
usse behtar insaani hamdardi mein koshish karna behtar hai

shahzaadi saahibaa
to aaj se mujhe apna shaagird banaa lo

naseeba mera chamka
jo sabak loon tumse jaana ka
mujhe tum hi se haasil ho
tajarbaa aah re duniya ka
mujhe tum hi se haasil ho
tajarbaa aah re duniya ka

yahi laajim hai insaan ko
yahi laajim hai insaan ko
bane hamdard insaan ka
bada ye ??
bane hamdard insaan ka

museebat dil ko ??
aisa aaj na hona
koi maatamzada mile jaaye
jinse ??baan hona
koi aur raah gum kar de
aisa rehnuma hona
?? har ??khuda marha??
?? hona
har baar ?? marha??
kis tarah hona

yahi laajim hai insaan ko
yahi laajim hai insaan ko
bane hamraaz insaan ka
badhaaye ?? aisa ko
bane ?? ka
badhaaye ?? aisa wo
bane hamsa ?? ka


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4238 Post No. : 15450 Movie Count :

4256

Today’s song is from the film Jhankar-42. The song is sung by Rajkumari and chorus. It is a traditional song written by Amir Khusro.

This film was a special film for many people. The Music Director of this film was Bashir Dehlavi who started his career as a Music Director with this film. The film was the first film made by the banner-Silver films, Bombay. The director was S. Khalil making his debut with this film. The cast of the film was Chandra Mohan, Pramila, M.Kumar, Azuri, Shehzadi, Gope, Altaf, Ghulam Mohammed, Chandra kumar and many others.

The cast of the film displays names of artistes who had almost passed their best years. Most actors were from the 1930s and now they tended to do side roles since lead roles were not coming that frequently. Due to excess alcohol, the handsome fine actor Chandramohan was on his way to self destruction. By 1949, his condition was worsoned irreversibly and he died of Liver Cirrhosis. Ghulam Mohammed, once a Hero, was reduced to character roles and after Partition he migrated to Pakistan.

Pramila did only one more film Beqasur-50 and retired from films. In 1942, she did 4 films. The last 1942 film she did was her husband’s film Jhankar-42. Kumar shifted his focus to producing and directing films and finally he too migrated to Pakistan. He continued acting in Pakistan films. Altaf was the husband of actress Khurshid jr. (elder sister of Meena kumari), who was getting edged out slowly as an actress. Actress Shehzadi Jr. also migrated to Pakistan after failing as a Producer (Utho Jaago-47). Gope’s and her last film as a leading pair was Hanso hanso aye duniyawalon, also in 1942. After this film, Gope became a Comedian for full time.

With such cast and debutante director and music director, the new company tried to make a Comedy film. I have not seen this film and I could not find its story or review anywhere on internet or in Film India magazine. However, from the film’s advertisements in the magazine and the news bits in it, I find that the film was not very successful, but must have given enough boost for the producers to go ahead and make 6 more films in next 8 years.

One of the owners of this banner- Silver Films – was actor M. Kumar, who was a successful artiste in the 30s and 40s, having worked with many prestigious banners. KUMAR was born in the prestigious family of Syed s of Lucknow-UP in India, on 23-9-1906. His real name was SYED HASSAN ALI ZAIDI. His family used to call him MIJJAN Miyan.

He was a handsome and tall person. He was keen on joining cinema, so he came to Calcutta and joined New Theatres. After doing side roles in Subah ka Sitara-32 and Zinda Lash-32, he was hero in PURAN BHAGAT in 1933. Even Saigal was also in the film.The film was about to be released and suddenly communal riots broke out in Calcutta.The new Theatre management found it difficult to announce a Muslim name of the hero of PURAN BHAGAT, in the tense atmosphere of Calcutta.The director of the film was Kumar Debaki Bose,a person from a Royal family. He took a decision and told Mijjan,” from today, I am giving you a part of my name. You will become KUMAR now.” This solved the film release problem and thus his name became KUMAR, then onwards. Truly enough, Debki Bose, thereafter never used his name Kumar again in his life !

After doing Yahudi ki Larki, Kumar came to Bombay. First he worked in Sagar ( 3 films) , Imperial (2 films)and then joined Ranjit Studios.

He married another actress PRAMILA , who was actually a Jew, Esther Williams. Pramila was later India’s FIRST Miss India in 1947. They got a son and a daughter Naqi Jehan (who too became a Miss India in 1967, exactly 20 tears after her mother.) Naqi acted opposite Rajesh Khanna in Akhari Khat, as a Heroine. Later she married into the business family of Kamdar of Bombay and became Mrs.Nandini Kamdar. Kumar had 3 sons from his earlier marriage. His first wife and children shifted to Pakistan after the Partition.

Kumar did many films in Ranjit, but in 1942, he was removed from Ranjit. At the same time, his friend, CHANDRAMOHAN also left Minerva Movietone (reason-despite PUKAR-39 being a blockbuster, his salary was not increased inspite of a promise by Sohrab Modi).They both decided to launch own company and on 16-3-1942, SILVER FILM CO. was launched. Its first film was Jhankaar-42. They produced Bhalai-43, Bade Nawab Saab-44, Devar-46, Naseeb-45, Dhun-53 and Bahana-60. Kumar acted in these films. He also directed Dhun and Bahana.

He produced and directed Aap-Beeti-1948 under his own company, Kumar Studios.Then under Shama Productions, he made Nahle pe dehla, Dhoom Dham and Dilbar. Later in life he made Badal aur Bijlee and Jungle King under Artists United films. Kumar worked in 73 films as an actor from 1932 to 1963.

From Najma in 1943, Kumar did only character roles in films like Bhishm Pratigya, Dayara, Mahal, Shri 420, Khiladi, Maalik, Baiju Bawra, Yahudi ki Ladki. His memorable role was in Mughal e Azam, that of the sculptor and a famous song-‘Aye mohabbat zindabad’ was shot on him. His last film was Raat aur Din (released in 1967)

In 1963, Kumar migrated to Pakistan, and started to work in Pakistani films without any delay. His son, S. A. Hafiz, who made Tauba, later became one of the best and well known directors of the country. Later he settled in USA. Kamal and Zeba played the lead in Tauba, which became a grand success. Kumar worked in 22 Pakistani films, including Head Constable, Azad, Shabnam, Naela, Saiqa, Sajda (his own film), Hum Dono, Nadya Ke Paar, Ik Musaflr Ik Hasina, Baalam etc. He gave one Superhit and three Hit films in Pakistan. Interestingly, he continued to act in the name of Kumar only, without using his original Muslim name there. Kumar died on 4-6-1982.

Film Jhankar-42 director S.Khalil directed only 7 films – jhankar-42, Nai Zindagi-43, Bhai Jaan-45, Shahkar-47, Sartaj-50, Gunehgar-53 and Benazir-64.

There is one more name ” Chandra Kumar” in the cast. Hardly, anyone will know who this actor was. He was none other than actor Anil Kumar (real name- Sardar Gul), who actually started his career with Minerva Movietone with its first film ” Said-E-Havas”-36, with the name Chandrakumar. After that he took the name Anil Kumar, but in this film he acted with this name, surprisingly. May be in few other films too he used this name.

Actor Anil Kumar (Sardar Gul) was born in 1915 at Calcutta. His father had a fruit business. They were from Peshawar (just like Dilip Kumar). He was not much educated but could speak Hindi, Urdu and English fluently. Once he went to Bombay to meet a friend. There he met an old acquaintance, who took him to Sohrab Modi.

The good looking Sardar Gul was liked by Modi and he offered him the lead role in his film ‘ Saed E Havas’-36. Sardar Gul was given a screen name of Chandra Kumar. The film was based on a translation of William Shakespeare’s drama- King John, by Agha Hashra Kashmiri in 1907. Sardar Gul was to get Rs. 200 for this work. The film was a flop and Sohrab Modi refused to pay him more than Rs 50. Annoyed, he left Bombay and returned to Calcutta.

However he came back in 1938 and did his first film with a new screen name Anil Kumar. The film was Talwar ka Dhani-38. Soon he was well known and acted in 10 films in next 3 years. As the decade of the 40s saw many new actors, producers and directors, he was reduced to Character roles and side roles. By 1950, he was almost like an extra. He did work in many films, but only few films credited him, as his roles were negligible. We find his name in just 30 films, where he was credited, the last such film being Tarzan and Deliailah-64.

Today’s song is sung by Rajkumari and chorus. The MD Bashir Dehlavi started his career with this film and gave music to 6 more films. His last film was Hawai Khatola-46. The song is a traditional one, written by Amir Khusro (1253 – 1325). This song is used in many films. some films are Heer Ranjha-48, Suhag Raast-48, Nadir Shah-68, Maang bharo Sajna-80 and Umrao Jaan-81 etc. Amir Khusro’s some other songs in films are Chhap tilak sab chhini re in Main Tulsi tere aangan ki- 78 and Rain suhag ki jaagi in Junoon-78.

Let us now enjoy this traditional song. With this song, Film Jhankar-42 makes its Debut here.


Song-Kaahe ko byaahi bidesh re lakhi baabul morey (Jhankaar)(1942) Singer-Rajkumari Dubey, lyrics-Amir Khusro, MD-Basheer Dehalvi

Lyrics

Kaahe ko byaahi bides re lakhi baabul morey
Kaahe ko byaahi bides re lakhi baabul morey
Kaahe ko byaahi bides re lakhi baabul morey

gudiya khilaune maine taak mein chhode
gudiya khilaune maine taak mein chhode
chhoda saheliyon ka saath re
lakhi Baabul more
chhoda saheliyon ka saath re
lakhi Baabul more

Kaahe ko byaahi bides re lakhi baabul morey

sona bhi deenha baabul rupa bhi deenha
sona bhi deenha aa aa aa aa aa aa
sona bhi deenha baabul rupa bhi deenha
deenha ratan jadaau re
lakhi baabul more
deenha ratan jadaau re
lakhi baabul more
Kaahe ko byaahi bides re lakhi baabul morey

itna dihin baabul ???
itna dihin baabul ???
saas nanand bole bol re lakhi baabul morey
saas nanand bole bol re lakhi baabul morey
Kaahe ko byaahi bides re lakhi baabul morey

aam tale se dola jo niksa
aam tale se ae ae ae
aam tale se dola jo niksa
koyal sabad sunaaye re lakhi baabul morey
koyal sabad sunaaye re lakhi baabul morey
Kaahe ko byaahi bides re lakhi baabul morey

tu kya boley meri kaali koyaliya
tu kya boley meri kaali koyaliya
chhoda baabul ka des re lakhi baabul morey
chhoda baabul ka des re lakhi baabul morey
Kaahe ko byaahi bides re lakhi baabul morey
Kaahe ko byaahi bides


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4235 Post No. : 15445

Hearty Greetings to all readers, on the auspicious occasion of Maha Shivratri-2020. On this day, I present a special song. Today’s song is actually not a song in the usual sense, but it is “Shiv Stuti”, rendered by Geeta Dutt, Badrinath Vyas and Chorus, in the film Har Har Mahadev-1950.

Har Har Mahadev-50 was a special movie. It achieved the status of a “Flag Bearer”, for Mythological films to be made in the coming decade of the 50s. It is not that Religious films were not made earlier. In fact, right from 1931 onwards such Dharmik films were being made. However, subsequently, when a variety of Genres came to the films, these movies lagged behind. The first attempt of reviving the religious films came when film Ram Rajya-43 became a Hit film, but in the 40s Stunt films dominated, so this chance subsided. Next when Har Har Mahadev became an extremely successful film, the religious films got a realm boost.

If you look at the type of films made in the 40s and 50s, you will notice a clear shift of the tastes of Indian film audience. The decade of the 30s was of the novelty of Talking films, so people saw whatever was offered to them. But by the 40s, the Industry had become a bubbly young one and films were made as per the budgets available, tastes of the audience and lastly on the choice of the producers.

The first half of the 40s was affected by second world war. This decade brought a new class of investors/financers, who had made easy money ( read Black money) in the war period. They were ready to invest/finance in film making, but their motto was “less investment and more profits”. To achieve this, the only way was to make a C grade stunt/action film. Thus, in this decade, there was a whole lot of C grade films, consisting of Stunt/Action films, Costume dramas, Magic based imaginary films and the likes of their ilk. These films could be made in less money ( according to Bhagwan Dada, a stunt film was made in about 30 to 50 thousand rupees only) and almost at a guaranteed profit of sizable percentage. Thus, so many such films were made that we can label the 40s as ‘the decade of stunt films’. During 1941 to 1950, approximately 210 stunt/action and similar films were made, giving a rough average of 21 films per year, for 10 continuous years !

Mythological/Religious films were being made from 1931 itself. They tried to give them a competition. Though only 80 such films were made in the 40s – 1941 to 1950 – two Block Busters from this religious film genre, gave lot of hopes to makers of such films. One was Ram Rajya-1943 and the other was Har Har Mahadev-1950. In fact, the extra ordinary success of Har Har Mahadev was so encouraging, that producers turned again to making Religious films in the next decade. The cost of making a religious film was much more than producing a C grade stunt film, but the turn over and profit was also many times more than the stunt films. The audience of religious films was mainly from Middle class society, who was now earning enough money to see films.

Due to higher cost of production religious films did not have the same number of films produced in the 50s decade. However 125 films were made from 1951 to 1960, giving an average of 12 films per year or 1 film per month for 10 continuous years. In this period the stunt/action film production diminished considerably – slowly walking towards a natural death of this Genre in due course ! The decade was crowded with Musical, Social and Comedy films. Even religious films provided good songs and music, as against stunt films-where it was non existent. The audience taste spurned the Stunt/action films and those producers too turned to producing religious social, musical and comedy films.

In this process, Har Har Mahadev-50 played a major role. Not only the story, acting, direction and production values were good but its music also played a stellar role ( after Ram Rajya-1943), in reviving the wave of religious films. The credit goes to its Music Director, Avinash Vyas (21-7-12 to 20-8-84). He was comparatively new. It was his just the 5th film. Starting with Mahasati Anusuya-43, he did Lehri Badmash-44, Krishna Bhakta Bodana-44 and Gunsundari-48 till then.

The success of Har Har Mahadev-50 was also due to excellent song lyrics by Ramesh Shastri ( 2-8-1935 to 30-4-2010). He was from village Diyor, Bhavnagar dist .in Gujarat. He went to Benares to study and completed Visharad (equivalent to B.A.). He came back to Ahmedabad and studied in St. Xavier’s college. He did his Ph.D in Sanskrit. He served in Ayurvedic colleges of Bhavnagar, Baroda and Ahmedabad.

When Raj Kapoor advertised for songs for his new film, Barsat, Ramesh Shastri responded with his songs and RK selected his song-“Hawa mein udta jaayen mera laal dupatta mal mal ka”, which became an instant hit and very popular too. Same year he also wrote songs for films Ram Vivah, Shaadi ke baad and Usha Haran. In 1950, he wrote 5 songs for film Har Har Mahadev. One song by Geeta Dutt, “Kankar kankar se main poochhoon, Shankar mera kahan hai” became famous and popular. After this he wrote for his last film Jai Mahakali-51 and stopped film activity.

He retired in 1990. Though Raj Kapoor called him several times, he was not interested in films or settling in Bombay and hence he declined every time. He wrote several Bhajans in Hindi and Gujarati, under the pen name of ” Ram Sharan”. These were broadcast over A.I.R. and Radio Ceylon regularly. He suffered from Cerebral palsy and was handicapped for last 10 years. He died on 30-4-2010).

The lead pair for the film Har Har Mahadev-50 was Trilok Kapoor and Nirupa Roy. After this film both became very famous as Shankar and Parvati. They did 18 films together- all religious films. Trilok Kapoor was born at Multan on 3-3-1882 and was educated at Peshawar. He went to Bombay to join his brother. He got his first film CHAR DARVESH-1933. He went to Calcutta and did some films there. He also worked as assistant to Director Hem Chandra. In the 40s and 50s, His patent role was that of Mahadev. He did 7 films in a row for this role and in all those films Nirupa Roy was Parvati. (However, no one could ever beat the divine pair of Ram and Seeta enacted by Shobhana Samarth and Prem Adib in Ram Rajya-1943).

Trilok Kapoor did about 120 films His last film was a TV film Akanksha, which was released after his death on 23-9-1989.

As per HFGK, Trilok Kapoor the actor sang 1 solo in Aaj ki Duniya and 5 duets in Raja Rani-42. After this there are no songs on his name.

NIRUPA ROY she was a versatile actress. To prove my point, I repeat here what I had said about her few years back. Nirupa Roy (4-1-1931 to 13-10-2004) was an enigma of Hindi Cinema. An ordinary lower middle class housewife turned into an actress due to a need to survive. Funny thing was that it was her husband who had visited the studio to get a job as an actor and the studio selected his wife instead ! Nirupa Roy who acted in over 250 movies has been variously branded as a Goddess of Mythological films, a suffering wife of a poor farmer, a troubled housewife of social films, an acclaimed quintessential mother of Bollywood and even a Stunt film actress !

She has been a Heroine in 110 films, a mother in over 50 films, has been a Goddess in 50 Mythological films, a suffering wife in over 30 films and a Stunt girl in about 8 films. She sang Bhajans, romantic songs, Comedy songs, qawalis, sad songs and peasant folk songs on the screen.

She changed her Heros like “Badalate huye saathi”. She did 18 films with Trilok Kapoor ( 50-65), 12 films with Balraj Sahni ( 53-72), 16 films with P.Jairaj ( 53-78), and 21 films with Ashok Kumar ( 56-89). She was Amitabh’s mother in 12 films and stunt Girl in 8 films. She even wrote a popular film song for film Samrat Chandragupta-58 ( Mujhe dekh chaand sharmaye – Lata).

I had seen this film,not once but many times.it was full of trick scenes and It had become a cult film. Trilok Kapoor,who acted the part of lord Shiva was rumoured to have a real snake around his neck during the film shooting. Nirupa Roy who played the role of Uma,was quite scared of snakes and it became a problem. Finally,an artificial snake was used,when their joint shots were shot.

HAR HAR MAHADEV-1950 was produced and directed by Jayant Desai under the banner of Jayant Desai Production. With this one film alone Jayant Desai became a millionnaire in those days.

It was also the FIRST film where the pair of Trilok Kapoor and Nirupa Roy became a hit as Shankar-Parvati and they played this role in 6 subsequent films.
This is a story, when Tarakasur, the king of demons invades the land of gods, to avenge the insult meted out to his mother by Indra. Tarakasur wins the war and all Gods are kept in captivity-including the offender Indra.

Lord Vishnu and Bramhadev know, only Lord Shiva can defeat Tarakasur but he is in Tapascharya(Meditation). Kamdev is sent to lure Shiva from his meditation, but Shiva is so angry that, opening his Third Eye, he burns Kamdev. Now only Uma, the daughter of king Himalaya can save the world. Uma(Nirupa Roy) starts penance to propitiate Shiva(Trilok Kapoor).

Due to her earnest Bhakti and devotion, Shiva relents and breaks his Meditation. Shiva and Uma get Married and later lord shiva destroys Tarakasur, releasing all the Gods.

On this auspicious day of Mahashivratri, the marriage of Shiv-Parvati is solemnised in the midnight.

Film Munimji-55 has a very nice song depicting the marriage details. It is also posted in this blog, already.

Today (21 February 2020), on this auspicious day of Maha Shivratri – when Lord Shiv ji weds Devi Parvati, here is Shiv Stuti from film Har Har Mahadev-50. Jai Mahadev !

Editor’s note– The lyrics are in Sanskrit. Our knowledgeable readers are requested to help fill in the blanks/ suggest corrections in the lyrics.


Song-Shiv stuti (Har Har Mahadev)(1950) Singers-Geeta Roy, Badrinath Vyas, MD-Avinash Vyas

Lyrics

jai gangadhar
har har jay Girijadheesha
har jay Girijadheesha
twamam paalay nityam
twamam paalay nityam
kripya jagdeesha
har har har mahadev

kailashe giri shikhare
kalpdramvipine
?? kalpdramvipine
gunjati madhukar punje
gunjati madhukar punje
kunjavane gahne

tasmilalitsudeshe sheela manirachita
?? sheela manirachita
?? deshi sheela
tanmadhye harnikate
tanmadhye harnikate
gauri ??
har har har mahadev

vibudhvadhu bahu nrityat ?? karitam
?? karitam
kinnar gaayan kurute
kinnar gaayan kurute
sapt swar rachitam

?? mridang vaadyate
har mridang vaadyate
kuru kuru lalitam venum
kuru kuru lalitam venum
madhuram naatayate
har har har mahadev
har har har mahadev

————————
Devnagri script lyrics
————————-
जय गंगाधर हर हर जय गिरिजाधीशा ।
हर जय गिरिजाधीशा ।
त्वं मां पालय नित्यं
त्वं मां पालय नित्यं कृपया जगदीशा॥
हर हर हर महादेव

कैलासे गिरिशिखरे
कल्पद्रमविपिने ।
हर कल्पद्रमविपिने ।
गुंजति मधुकर पुंजे
गुंजति मधुकर पुंजे
कुंजवने गहने ॥

? ललितसुदेशे शीला मणिरचिता ।
हर शीला मणिरचिता ।
तन्मध्ये हरनिकटे
तन्मध्ये हरनिकटे गौरी उपवीता ? ॥
हर हर हर महादेव

विबुद्धवधू बहु नृत्यत ?? करितम
हर ?? करितम ।
किन्नर गानम कुरुते
किन्नर गानम कुरुते सप्त स्वर रचितम ॥

?? मृदंग वाध्यते ।
हर मृदंग वाध्यते ।
कुरु कुरु ललिता वेणुम
कुरु कुरु ललिता वेणुम
मधुरम नाट्यते ॥
हर हर हर महादेव
हर हर हर महादेव


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4234 Post No. : 15444

Today’s song is from a film having a familiar title – Lakhon mein ek-1947, but this film is hardly known to anyone. The title is familiar, because there were two more films with the same title, in two different decades later on. One was Lakhon mein ek-1955, which had a less known Heroine Asha Mathur, opposite a veteran Jairaj. It had music by Bhola Shreshtha. The other film was Lakhon mein ek-1971, which had an unknown (till then and later too) debutante Heroine- Radha, opposite comedian Mehmood. This film had music by R D Burman and few songs became popular for some years.

Today’s film was made by Ranjit Movietone- the film factory, owned by Sardar Chandulal Shah. The film had music by Hansraj Behl (7 songs) and Bulo C Rani (4 Songs).

In 1947, Bulo C Rani was employed by Ranjit as their in house composer after Gyan Dutt (37-40) and Khemchand Prakash (40-45). The film’s songs were written by Pt. Indra Chandra. The film was directed by Taimur Behramsha, who debuted as a director, with this film. Earlier he was a Cinematographer in Ranjit. After this film, Ranjit gave him another film for direction – Bhool Bhulaiyan-49. Then he floated his own company ‘ Taimur Art Productions’ and produced and directed film Izzat-1952.

The cast of the film was Khursheed Jr. (Meenakumari’s elder sister), Nirupa Roy, Ghulam Mohammed, Bipin Gupta and others. Khursheed jr, first entered the films, then came Meena Kumari and lastly Baby Madhuri aka Madhu. All sisters got married only to suffer in their later life. Their stories are pathetic. The handsome actor Altaf, was married to Khurshid. Mehmood & Altaf were co-brothers,being married to siblings Khursheed & Madhu respectively. Khursheed & Madhu tried their luck & appeared in few movies,but were not successful. Madhu, it may be recalled had a brief role in Manzil(1960).

Altaf was not as lucky as his co-brother- Mehmood or sister in law Meena Kumari. Although,initially he appeared in some movies as leading man in 40s, but soon he was relegated to play negative roles in films. Chhote Nawab, Ghulam Beghum Badshah, Sone Ki Chidia, Noor Jahan, Raja Rani, Char Chand etc were few of his movies.

Meena Kumari, Khurshhed & Madhu,it seems, were destined to suffer, in their second half of life. While we are aware of Meena Kumari’s last days, Khurshid & Altaf led miserable life & were forced to live in Jhopadpatti, due to financial constraints, after Meena Kumari passed away. Madhuri was divorced by Mehmood & she had to leave the house,to live the life in penury.

The music director Hansraj Behl is one of my favourite composers, though his name never came up in the A class composers. His compositions were very melodious, but his luck was very harsh with him. Many such cases, be they composers, actors, directors or singers, are known to us. When one sees their life stories and works, one is forced to believe that LUCK is more important than Talent, at least in Film Industry. This is Hansraj Behl for you….

Hansraj Behl (19-11-1916 to 20-5-1984), in my opinion,is one of those composers in film world, who composed lots of melodious songs. Unfortunately, he was also one of those composers who never got Big banners to work for. He and his brother, Gulshan Behl founded N.C.Films, on their father’s name-Nihal Chand- and produced B and C grade movies to which Hansraj gave his music. Hansraj was known as Master ji, in the industry. Only two people were known as Master ji…one was Ghulam Haider and the other was Hansraj Behl. Hansraj usually worked alone and rarely used any assistant while giving music.

Hansraj is remembered for giving initial playback singing breaks to Asha Bhonsle and Madhubala Jhaveri. He also gave chance to his own friend Verma Malik-Lyricist. Malik used to live with him initially, in Bombay. He composed music for 71 films from Pujari-46 to Badmashon ka Badmash-79. One film “Insaaf ka Khoon” was released after his death,in 1988.

Hansraj Behl is one of the music directors who became successful in the post independence era. He composed music for not only Hindi films but also for Punjabi films. Hansraj was born on 19 November 1916 in Punjab. He got his basic education in music from Pt. Chunnilal. Then he opened his music school in Lahore and he had some non-film records released under the label of HMV. In 1944 Hansraj came to Bombay to try his luck in Hindi film industry as a music director.

After one year of struggle he got his first film Pujari, made by Ardeshir Irani, in 1946. He got films like Gwaalan and Phulwaari in the same year, but all these films could not do well at the box office. Behl tasted success in 1947 with the release of Laakhon Mein Ek and Chheen Le Aazadi. ‘Moti Chugne Gayi Re Hansi..’ sung by Shamshad Begum and Mukesh from the film Chheen Le Aazadi became very popular. In 1948 he came up with four films – Chunariya, Mitti Ke Khilone, Pardesi Mehmaan and Satya Narayan, of which Chunariya’s music was a hit especially the song ‘Dil-e-Nashaad Ko Jeene Ki Hasrat Ho Gayi..’ sung by Lata Mangeshkar. The song which placed him among high class music directors was ‘Sab Kuchh Lutaya Hamne Aakar Teri Gali Me..’ sung by Mohammed Rafi and written by Mulk Raj Bhaakri.

In the year 1949, he came out with Chakori, Raat Ki Raani, Zevraat and few more films. Lata sang one of her favourite songs, ‘Haye Chanda Gaye Pardes Chakori Yahan Ro Ro Mare..’ in Chakori, which became very popular and it helped Hansraj to gain popularity among music lovers. ‘Jin Raaton Mein Neend Ud Jaati Hai..’ sung by Mohammed Rafi in Raat Ki Raani was a nation wide hit.

In 1950-51 he gave many hit songs with Lata Mangeshkar, Geeta Dutt and Suraiyya. Songs of Kisi Ki Yaad became very popular soon after the release of the film. ‘Koi Mujhko Na Bulaye..’ and ‘Tadapta Chhod Kar Mujhko Kahaan Tum Reh Gaye..’ both sung by Geeta Dutt and ‘O Jaane Wale Ye Kya Kiya..’ by Mohammed Rafi gained immense popularity. In 1952 he introduced Madhubala Jhaveri as a playback singer in Apni Izzat and Jaggu. Madhubala sang ‘Dil Mera Tera Diwaana..’ with Talat Mehmood and ‘Meethi Meethi Loriyaan Main Dheere Dheere Gaoon..’ (both Apni Izzat) featured her solo voice. In 1954, he again came out with musical films like Dost and Khaiber. ‘Aaye Bhi Akela Jaye Bhi Akela..’ from Dost (1954) sung by Talat Mehmood was among one of his memorable compositions.

He continued to give his best in films like Rajdhani, Milan, Miss Bombay, Changez Khan and Saawan. Songs like ‘Bhool Ja Sapne Suhane..’ from Rajdhani (1956), ‘Mohabbat Zinda rehti Hai..’ from Changez Khan (1957), ‘ Jab Raat Nahi Katti..’ from Changez Khan (1957), ‘Zindagi Bhar Gham Judaai Ka..’ from Miss Bombay (1957), ‘Haseen Ho Khuda To Nahi..’ from Mud Mud Ke Na Dekh (1960), ‘Bheega Bheega Pyar Ka Sama..’ from Saawan (1959) and ‘Tujhko Dhoondhu To Dhoondhu Kahaan..’ from Milan (1959) crossed all the barriers of success and Hansraj Behl’s name was on the lips of every music lover.

After all these successful films he continued to give music till 1969 but failed to give any hit because his later films were either stunts or fantasy films with little scope for having good music. His last hit song was an all time great creation ‘Jahan Daal Daal Pe Sone Ki Chidiya Karti Hai Basera..’ which was sung by Mohammed Rafi for the film Sikandar-e-Aazam in 1965. In all, he gave music to 71 films and composed 530 songs.

Hansraj Behl died of Cancer in Bombay on 20-5-1984.

Today’s song is a very melodious song sung by Hamida Bano. Singer Hamida Bano was born on 19-10-1928,in Lahore. Her family shifted to Bombay in 1942. Hamida’s elder brother Akbar worked with a Drama company. He gave her the initial training in singing. This kindled a desire in her mind to sing in Hindi Films. Those days,the well known,Actor/Director Master Bhagwan lived nearby. He once recommended her name to his best friend-C.Ramchandra. He was the MD for Bhagwan’s film ” Naghma-e-Sehara “-1943. He gave her a break with 3 songs in this film. Unfortunately,this film got delayed and was released only in 1945. Meanwhile,Naushad had found her and he gave her a song in film ” Sanjog’-43 and she sang her first released song with Shyam kumar.

C.Ramchandra continued using her in films like Bahadur, Lalkar, Manorama, Raunaq, Sawan etc. In those years C.Ramchandra himself was not very famous-till his HIT films like Safar-46 and Shehnai-47 etc. So Hamida was not much benefitted with these songs. From 1945,it was composer Bulo C Rani,who used Hamida Bano for some really memorable songs like in film ” Moorti”-45–badariya baras gayi uss paar. Then came Rajputani, Chheen le Azadi, Phulwari, Badi baat, Shahenshah Babar, Naseeb, Parayi aag,Preet, Devar Dharti, Nek Parveen, Neelkamal, Tohfa and Rimjhim. After 1950 her songs became less and she sang in Bikhre Moti, Rajput, Anjaam,and Majboori-54-her last film in India. She sang about 125 odd songs in about 62 films.

In 1956, she migrated to Pakistan. In Karachi,she recorded some songs. Then she settled in Lahore and became active in social work. Occasionally, she was seen in functions like ” Nigar Awards Function ” etc. She continued singing on Lahore Radio. Hamida Bano died on 20-11-2006 at the age of 78 yrs. Her last song in India was with Asha in Majboori-1954-“Tere poojan ko Bhagwan bana Man mandir aalishan”.

Enjoy this lovely song composed by Hansraj Behl.


Song-Hum tumhaare tum hamaare aao karen pyaar (Laakhon Mein Ek)(1947) Singer- Hamida Banu, Lyricist- Pt. Indra, MD- Hansraj Behl

Lyrics

hum tumhaare tum humaare
aao karen pyaar
hum tumhaare tum humaare
aao karen pyaar
dekho ji dekho ye kaisi bahaar
dekho ji dekho ye kaisi bahaar
hum tumhaare
tum humaare
hum tumhaare tum humaare
aao karen pyaar
hum tumhare tum humaare
aao karen pyaar

gungun karen bhanwara pukaar
gungun karen bhanwara pukaar
kaliyon ne ghoonghat diye hain utaar
kaliyon ne ghoonghat diye hain utaar
aasha ne khole mere sapnon ke dwaar
aasha ne khole mere sapnon ke dwaar
hum tumhaare
tum humaare
hum tumhare tum humaare
aao karen pyaar
hum tumhaare tum humaare
aao karen pyaar

chanda se maangege kiranen udhaar
chanda se mangege kiranen udhaar
shabnam se le lenge moti ka haar
shabnam se le lenge moti ka haar
saajan ko dhoondhenge kar ke singaar
saajan ko
haan haan saajan ko
haan haan saajan ko dhoondhenge kar ke singaar
hum tumhaare
tum humaare
hum tumhaare tum humaare
aao karen pyaar
hum tumhaare tum humaare
aao karen pyaar
dekho ji dekho ye kaisi bahaar
dekho ji dekho ye kaisi bahaar
hum tumharae tum humaare
hum tumhaare tum humaare
aao karen pyaar
hum tumhaare tum humaare
aao karen pyaar


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