Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5365 Post No. : 17594

Today’s song is from a religious film ” Raami Dhoban”-1953. It is described and classified as a ” Bhakti Pradhan” (भक्ती प्रधान ) Genre film in HFGK.

Those who own copies of HFGK, know that every film that is featured herein is classified and described to which genre it belongs to – like Historical, Social, Comedy, Stunt, Folklore, Imaginary, Costume, Mythological, Mystery etc etc. To indicate ‘ Dharmik’ films, 2 Genres are used. One is Mythological (पौराणिक ) and the other is Religious (भक्ती प्रधान ). Now, what is the difference between these two ? The difference is about the source of the story. All stories from Ramayan, Mahabharat and all Puranas are classified as Mythological and all other stories about the Bhaktas, Saints, Folkstories and stories about The god and the religion carried through generations and storybooks are listed as Religious films. Thus, a film on Ramayan story or Waman Avtar is Mythological and a film on Dussehra or Yatrik is called Religious. I hope this point is clear now.

Today’s film Raami Dhoban-1953 is a Religious film or भक्ती प्रधान film. This is because this story is not from any Holy Scripture but it is a Folklore carried through generations and religious books. In Hindu religion there are 2 ‘DHOBANS’ (washerwomen), who were famous. One was who came in the Uttarakhand part of Ramayana , whose husband refused her entry into his house stating that he is not Shri Ram to forgive her night out somewhere else, like Seeta. This had led to the exile of Seeta etc. The second Dhoban was during the 15th Century, in Bengal, where her love story with a Vaishnav Priest-Chandidas was compared to love of Radha and krishna. In those times this love affair of a Vaishnava invited a lot of criticism also.

For a long time since the ” Bhakti Movement” in India, in the period from the 6th Century to the 17 th Century, the disputes between the ‘ Shaivas’ and the ‘Vaishnavas’ virtually divided the educated classes all over the country. They are clearly identified from their Tilak on the forehead. V Shaped perpendicular Tilak on the forehead (as on Balaji) means ‘ Vaishnav’ and the 3 lined horizontal Tilak on forehead (like Shiv ji) means ‘Shaiva’. These followers of Vishnu and Shiv, once upon a time were quite diehards, but in today’s modern era most people neither know the difference nor they care two hoots !

The story of Raami Dhoban is not new to Hindi films. Calcutta’s New Theatres had made a film in Banglea – Chandidas in 1932 on this story. A Hindi remake of this film was made as Chandidas in 1934, with Saigal and Uma Shashi. R.C.Boral had composed excellent songs in it ( famous song was ‘ Prem nagar mein basaungi ghar main’). The same story was made into today’s film Raami Dhoban-1953. The producer Ramesh vyas made this film under his own banner-Navkala Niketan, bombay. The film was directed by Hiren Bose and the music director was also Hiren Bose !

There are rare cases in Hindi films where the director and the composer are the same for a film. During the 1930’s it was Pt. Badri Prashad (2 films) and in the 1940s it was Pt. S.N.tripathi (18 films), who were directors as well as composers of their some films. After these 3 cases, I have not known any other such case in Hindi films. Perhaps there were no multifaceted artistes anymore in the film industry, like the oldies.

Hiren Bose was actually the Mentor of Anil Biswas. On his suggestion and help only he shifted to Bombay from Calcutta. While film music crossed several barriers, the films themselves proved to be a mix of experts from every corner of India. Hindi films have actors, Directors and composers from almost every state. In this, however, Bengal has taken a lead in providing the raw material.

Several well known actors came from Bengal. Many Directors like Bimal Roy ,Hrishikesh Mukherjee, Nabendu Ghosh, Basu Chaterjee, Basu Bhattacharya, Shakti Samant, Amiya Chakravarty, Gyan Mukherjee etc. enriched the Hindi cinema. Music directors who came from Bengal like, Hemant Kumar, Salil Chaudhari, S D Burman, Anil Biswas, K C Dey, Pankaj Mullik etc provided us wonderful everlasting music. Most of the directors and composers from Bengal are well known to most of us,but there was ONE name that appeared in many categories like Actor, Director, Story writer, S/Play writer, Lyricist, and Composer too, yet that name is as obscure today as it can be !

That name is HIREN BOSE ( Hirendra Kumar Bose).

Born in Calcutta on 26-9-1903,Hiren completed his college education and learnt classical music & Rabindra sangeet to such proficiency that soon he earned titles of “Vidya Bhushan” and “Sangeet Ratna “. He wrote in Bengali papers and for Bangla films too. In the years 1928 to 1932, Hiren had joined HMV as a Music Director. Here he became a close friend of Kazi Nazrul Islam and Dhiren Das. Both Kazi and Hiren wrote lyrics for songs in HMV .

Around 1929,a new , young and attractive singer came to HMV. Her name was KANAN BALA. She came for recording songs. Soon the handsome Hiren cast his spell on Kanan and she started considering him as her mentor in HMV. They were a quartet of friends, Kanan, Hiren, Kazi and Dhiren. In HMV Kanan recorded many songs set to tune or written by Hiren Bose. In 1932,this team left HMV, on the issue of Royalty and joined the newly formed Megaphone Recording company. Here too after 2 years, this team left Megaphone and joined Columbia recording company. By 1934,Hiren wrote in his autobiography- JATI SMAR (My memories)-later that he had lost interest in Kananbala.

Hiren’s eyes were now set on a bigger Horizon -BOMBAY. he knew that remaining in Calcutta may not be suitable for him. Meanwhile he had met another Struggler, ANIL BISWAS. Hiren advised him to go to Bombay for a brighter future and also promised him all his help. Although, by then ANIL BISWAS was comfortably placed in Calcutta, he left for Bombay as per Hiren’s advice. Hiren Bose was a highly respected name in the musical circles of Calcutta.

Hiren started working in Bombay. His fame as a versatile film person had already reached Bombay and he had no difficulty in getting work there. Hiren directed Dharam ki Devi-35, followed by Piya ki Jogan-36 and then Mahageet 1937. As per his promise he gave a chance to Anil Biswas to give music,independently to DHARAM KI DEVI-1935. As such earlier he had composed a song in Bharat ki Beti-35- “Tere poojan ko Bhagwan” sung by Rattan bai. But then he had shared the Music direction with Zande Khan. That song had become quite popular then.

Hiren Bose was very fond of acting in films and he also acted in MAHAGEET-1937. It was in this film that Anil Biswas FIRST introduced playback singing in a Bombay film. (In Calcutta R C Boral had started playback in 1935 itself). The FIRST ever Playback song in this film was ” Jeevan hai ek kahani, Duniya bhi hai ek kahani ” . It was sung by Anil Biswas and was filmed on Hiren Bose on the screen. Thus Hiren Bose’s name became a Historical name in Bombay film industry. This was, Anil Biswas repaid the debt of Hiren Bose, in helping him to get established in the Bombay Music field.
(Ref- ‘The early composers- Music beyond Boundaries by Dr. Ashok Ranade pp 183-186).

After Mahageet, Hiren Bose got an offer from Madras to direct a Telugu film- Bhakta Jaydev-1938,which he did successfully.
Hiren Bose kept on shuttling between Bombay and Calcutta, doing some films here and some there. He also acted in some Bangla films during that period. He was so versatile in many departments that he did acting, directing, lyrics, singing, and composing. His complete Filmography is not available but some details are available.
As a Director 15 films are to his credit- Chup-31, Mahua-34, Dharm ki Devi-35, Piya ki Jogan-36, Mahageet-37, Bhakta jaidev-38, India in Afica-39, Amar Geeti-40, Kabi Joydeb-41, Daasi-44, Banjarey-48, Sree Tulsidas-50, Ghungroo-52, Raami Dhoban-53 and Ektara-57.

He acted in Rishir prem-31, Chup-31, Udayer pathe-44, Towards the Light-44, Sesh Raksha-44 and Mahageet-37. As a writer- Meerabai (s/Play and story)-32 and Rajrani Meera(story)-33. As a composer- India in Africa-39, Kabi Joydeb-41, Raami Dhoban-53.

After directing his last film Ektara in 1957, Hiren Bose lived a retired life. His last few years were mostly unhealthy and he spent time writing lyrics for geets in Bangla which were usually sung by Hemant Kumar, Kanan Bala and Suprova sarkar. Hiren Bose died on 18-6-1987 and one of the most versatile, multifaceted and multilingual artiste disappeared forever….

The story of the love between Chandidas and Raami was not an ordinary one. The other day I found this story on speakingtree.in, on the internet. Here it is….

Chandidas was the son of a Brahman priest. He was very handsome, charming and of a quiet countenance, but was forever lost in some world of his own. His father, tired of him, died, and Chandidas was forced to succeed him as the purohit of the local temple of a goddess.

Chandidas’ heart was never into these frivolities. He was devoted to Lord Krishna immensely. Then, one day, as he was sitting silently on the banks of the river in their village, his heart filled with sadness and disillusionment at the world. Legend has it that the Devi of the temple of their village appeared there, and told him that he would become a great poet and philosopher.

Then, when he was returning, he beheld a washerwoman washing clothes. When she got up, the two looked at each other, and it was love at first sight.

Chandidas thought that Rami, the washerwoman, was divinely beautiful. She was the source of strength and courage to him, just as Radha had been for Krishna. And this marked the beginning of Chandidas’ poetry.

Chandidas’s brother, who was ashamed of Chandidas because of his romantic involvement with the low-caste Rami, forced him to take part in a shudhikaran ceremony and purge himself of the sin of Rami’s touch. But just at that moment, Rami came, weeping and struggling as guards stopped her. ‘Chandithakur, would you leave me forever for society? Do I have just this much value for you?’

Chandidas was put in a dilemma. Here was the woman he loved like no one else, who always stood by him when people turned on him. And on the other side, the society his father had structured, and the people who revered his family, still stuck in social conventions and stupid rites and traditions.

Chandidas made his decision on the spot. He walked towards Rami, took her hand, and led her away from the village forever. They stopped at the house of Ganesha the singer, where Chandidas and Rami spent the rest of their lives singing hymns for Krishna and Radha.

Let us now enjoy the duet by two Bengali singers – Geeta Roy and Hemant kumar….


Song-Piya in charanan bali jaaun (Raami Dhoban)(1953) Singer-Geeta Dutt, Hemant Kumar, Lyrics-Rammurty Chaturvedi, MD-Hiren Bose
Both

Lyrics

piya aa aa aa aa aa
in charanan bali jaaun
piya charanan bali jaaun
jeewan maran janam janam inko na bhulaaun
jeewan maran janam janam inko na bhulaaun
piya charanan bali jaaun
in charanan bali jaaun

hamri ee ee lagan
tumhre charan aa aa aa a aa
laagi prem phaansi
hamri lagan
tumhre charan
laagi prem phaansi
tan man inpe nisaar
aaj bani daasi
tan man inpe nisaar
aaj bani daasi

sakhi ree ee ee ee ee
sun sun dhoban raami
sun sun dhoban raami ee ee
kaise main samjhaaun
kaise main samjhaaun
tere in sheetal charanan ki
chhaaya mein sukh paaun
tere in shital charanan ki
chhaaya mein sukh paaun
sharanan mein main aau

sharanan mein main aaun
sharanan mein main aaun
jeewan maran janam janam tumhaari preet paaun
jeevan maran janam janam tumhaari preet paaun


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5362 Post No. : 17585

Today’s song /Bhajan is from the film Dashavatar-1951.

I have mentioned many times on this platform that I grew up in a joint family of about 20 persons during my childhood. I was a fixed Chaperone of the oldies in the family, when a group of them went to see a film – invariably a Mythological one. I thus developed a liking for such religious films, as I liked the Costumes and the trick scenes in these films. Unknowingly, it was also firmly planted with a diehard feeling for Hindu Religion and a desire to know more about our religion.

This, in later years, led me to read all Vedas, Ramayan and Mahabharat, Navnath stories and such Dharmik stuff in Marathi and Hindi, expanding my understanding of Hindu Sanskruti. By the year 1951, I was entering my early teenage years. The decade of the 50’s was also a decade of ‘ Religious films’. It produced more than 124 Mythological and religious films in about 10 years, averaging at least one new film every month for 10 years straight !

I had seen this film ” Dashavatar-1951″ and had also written about it in my notebooks. But that diary was infested with white ants and most papers had to be destroyed. The story of the film got lost, but one paper was saved on which some information about this film was visible in faded ink. No doubt this film was a Mythological one (story not available and the film also not available now), but one song was used in the background as the credits rolled by and that song was ” kya khoobi kee Bhagwan ne….” by Rafi and chorus. Through this song, the producers tried to suggest that Gandhi ji was also like God’s Dashavatar, sent to India for its salvation. Most of the audience did not like this idea and it affected the success of the film. It flopped miserably !

Barring this one objectionable propaganda type song, the other songs were quite good. The singers were Rafi, Badrinath Vyas, A.R.Oza, Sulochana kadam, Geeta Roy and Asha Bhosle. 5 songs were written by B.P.Bhargav(1 song was removed from the film), 5 were by Saraswati kumar Deepak and 2 were by munshi Saghar Hussain.

The film was produced by Kikubhai Desai – father of entertainer Manmohan Desai, who became famous for his ” one idea- Lost and Found films ” and later for his suicide when the time came for marrying the actress Baby Nanda to whom he was engaged. The director was Jayant Desai – who was responsible for giving the name ” C.RAMCHANDRA” to an young composer Ramchandra Narhari Chitalkar, who used the name Ram Chitalkar till then.

The cast details were given by Avinash ji recently. The Music director was Avinash Vyas, famous as a Mythological film composer. Avinash Vyas always remained B and C grade film composer in Hindi, but in the Gujarati Music scene he was a very big name on stage and films, winning several awards there.

He had a multifaceted personality. He was a composer, lyricist, playback singer and writer too. In fact he has written 75 Dance Ballets,in few of which Asha Parekh has also danced. He published 6 books in Gujarati,the last being ” Vartul ”-1983. Starting with the film “Mahasati Anusuya”-43, Avinash Anandrai Vyas ( 21-7-1912 to 20-8-1984 ) gave music to 59 Hindi films, composing 438 songs, 175 Gujarati films and 1 Rajasthani film. His last film in Hindi was Bhagwan Shrikrishna-85. He is on record for writing Lyrics in 2 films, one song each, namely for Aangan-59 and Bhakta Dhruv kumar-64. He sang 3 songs in the film Charnon ki daasi-41 (a remake of Marathi film ” पायाची दासी “). He had acted in a Gujarati film also-Gorakhdhanda-49.

He was a very talented composer. Unfortunately, he never got any support from any big banner production house. Even Gujarati producers did not patronise him for big banners and he remained in the crowd of Religious, stunt, costume and Mythological films. Only one notable social film can be quoted in his favour- Adhikar-54, in which Avinash Vyas really gave some popular songs by Kishore kumar and Asha Bhosale.

He got Gujarat Govt awards 10 times. The Sangeet Natak Academy of Gujrat gave him an award. He was given Padmashree in 1970. He made 8 Foreign stage shows. His most famous film Har Har Mahadev-1950 is also my favourite one. Though neglected in Hindi, he was honoured suitably in Gujrat, in his lifetime.

Avinash Vyas collaborated with great songwriters like Qamar Jalalabadi, Madan, Prem Dhawan, Pradeep Patel, Gopal Singh Nepali, Badrinath Vyas, Sadiq Lakhnavi, Devendra, Pt. Sagar, Indeevar, Nilkanth Tiwari, Sagar Husain, Qamar Jalalabadi, Kavi Pradeep, Saraswati Kumar Deepak, Bharat Vyas, B. P. Bhargav, Raja Nene, Ramesh Gupta, Shamim Jaipuri, Indra Chandra, Raja Mehdi Ali Khan, Pt. Mukhram Sharma, Pt. Madhur and Ramesh Shastri.

Avinash’s compositions were sung by the melodious voices of great singers like Mohammed Rafi, Suman Hemadi Kalyanpur, Anand Kumar Chitragupta, Badrinath Vyas, Dilraj Kaur, Sulochana Kadam, Asha Bhosle, Shamshad Begum, Manna Dey, Mukesh, Geeta Dutt, Hemant Kumar, Talat Mehmood, Kishore Kumar, Meena Kapoor, Ameerbai Karnataki, Krishna Kalle, Mahendra Kapoor, Madhubala Zaveri, , Mohan Tara, Lata Mangeshkar, Sudha Malhotra, S. Balbir, , Husn Ara, Kavi Pradeep and Usha Mangeshkar.

There are hundreds of religions in the world, but one thing is common with them. Followers of any religion are usually blind followers and do not know much about their religion. Why go far ? Ask 10 Hindu persons known to you the names of the 10 Avatars of Vishnu and I can confidently say that the majority will not be able to give the correct answer. You can try this on yourself and find out if YOU can tell all the 10 Avatars in the proper serial !

The 10 Avatars in proper serials were Matsya, Koorm, Varah, Narsimha, Waman, Parshuram, Shri Ram, Shri Krishna, Buddha and Kalki. The firtst 9 avatars have taken place and only Kalki is remaining. It is said that Kalki will come on Earth, dissolve all the world and start again from the beginning. Lord Shri Krishna has explained why Vishnu had to take Avatars. He had said ” यदा यदा हि धर्मस्य ग्लानिर्भवति भारत। अभ्युत्थानमधर्मस्य तदात्मानं सृजाम्यहम् ” (Whenever There Is A Decline In Righteousness And An Increase In Sinfulness, O Arjun, At That Time I Manifest Myself On Earth.) This is a long Shlok and singer Jagjit Singh has cut a record of the full shlok.

Todays song is sung by Geeta Roy and Badrinath Vyas. This male singer has sung only 5 songs in 3 Hindi films. Today’s song is his last Hindi song. Enjoy….


Song-Bajaao Raam naam ki thhaali (Dashavatar)(1951) Singer-Geeta Dutt, Badrinath Vyas, Lyrics-B P Bhargav, MD-Avinash Vyas
Both

Lyrics

Bajaao Raam Naam ki Thaali
Bajaao Raam Naam ki Thaali
Bajaao Raam Naam ki Thaali
Bajaao Raam Naam ki Thaali
preet bhari ik thhaali bajaao Raam
preet bhari ik thhaali bajaao Raam naam ki thhaali
bajaao Raam naam ki thhaali
bajaao Raam naam ki thhaali

pal pal yaad mein jeewan beete
kahaan hai Raam
kahaan hai Seete

pal pal yaad mein jeewan beete
kahaan hai Raam
kahan hai Seete

kaun kare rakhwaali
bajaao Raam
bajaao Raam naam ki thhaali
bajaao Raam naam ki thhaali
bajaao Raam naam ki thhaali

preet jeewan ki phulwaari
preet jeewan ki phulwaari
khojat khojat ankhiyaan haareen
khojat khojat ankhiyaan haareen
aao mere banmaali
bajaao Raam
bajaao Raam naam ki thhaali
bajaao Raam naam ki thhaali
bajaao Raam naam ki thhaali

tum bin naina taras rahe hain
nis din aansoo baras rahe hain
tum bin naina taras rahe hain
nis din aansoo baras rahe hain
?? bajaao Raam
bajaao Raam naam ki thhaali
bajaao Raam naam ki thhaali
bajaao Raam naam ki thhaali

preet bhari ik thhaali
bajaao Raam
preet bhari ik thhaali
bajaao Raam naam ki thhaali
bajaao Raam naam ki thhaali
bajaao Raam naam ki thhaali


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5351 Post No. : 17547

Today’s song is from the film Aplam Chaplam-1961.

This film was directed by Roop K. Shorey, under the banner of Mukul Pictures, Bombay.

Whenever the name of Roop Shorey comes across, I always remember the title of an Asrani film “Hum nahi Sudhrenge”-1980. It’s the title of the film , not its story, which applied 100 % to Roop Shorey- the director of today’s film. He lived perhaps, like a patient of OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder).

In his career he directed 18 Talkie films + 1 Silent film. From 1935 to 1946 he made 6 films on different stories, but when his film Ek Thi Ladki-01949 became a huge Hit, his mind had only that story. He always felt that any film he made using the same story (with variations) would be successful. Unfortunately his audience did not think the same way and his films which used to be on the same story and the same comedy pair of Johar and Majnu (real name Harold Lewis) failed miserably. His wife Meena Shorey migrated to Pakistan leaving him in India and his life was a story of loneliness,misery and failure. Ironically, many years later 2 directors, Manmohan Desai and Nasir Hussain came up with just one story each and made several successful films on the same story, like nobody’s business !

Because of Roop K.Shorey, even I.S.Johar and Majnu started thinking that they are the best comedy pair like Laurel and Hardy ! They acted together in many films. In film Ek thi ladki-49, their names were Mohan-Sohan, in film Hum sab chor hain-56 their names were Dukhiram-Sukhiram and in film Aplam-Chaplam-61 their names were Aplam and Chaplam. Luckily Johar realized the reality and he paired with Mehmood in later films.

Roop K Shorey was known in industry circles as the wizard of comedy. Born on 28-1-1914 in Quetta, Balochistan, with a silver spoon in his mouth, and raised by an English governess, Roop K Shorey acquired an early interest in Western music and English literature. As a child, he was a prolific writer and composer, and followed in the footsteps of his father Roshanlal Shorey in making his first full-length comedy “Lucky Lovers” at the age of 17.

Roop’s next venture was Majnu (1935) — a musical comedy satirising the old story of Laila Majnu, produced, directed and shot in Lahore with Ghulam Haider as music director. Playing the lead was Roop’s childhood friend Harold Lewis, who has since been known by his screen name Majnu. With daring motorbike stunts and special effects, audiences were thrilled at the sight of Majnu trapped on the railway tracks by the villain. The film confirmed his success as a film-maker, and audiences leaving the first show lifted him on their shoulders and danced joyously.

Roop’s next film, Tarzan ki Beti (1938) was hailed as the best jungle picture ever produced in India at the time. Filmed in the snowy Himalayas, the film topped its predecessor in its action sequences and placedPunjab on the entertainment map of India and the world. Majnu made a marked return in Nishani (1942), a musical situational comedy with Majnu in a double role. With music scored by Pandit Amaranth, and Ragini as the heroine, Roop and his father personally trained the technical staff and musicians, who worked morning to night on a fixed salary.

With a solid reputation in Hindi and Punjabi cinema already established, Roop began to set new trends in comedy films with Ek Thi Ladki (1949, starring Motilal, Meena Shorey, Kuldeep Kaur, Majnu and introducing I S Johar. One of Roop’s biggest hits as a producer, it launched Meena Shorey’s acting career, known by her screen name as Lara Lappa girl, and I S Johar’s popularity as a comedian. With Partition, Roop and his family lost their film empire in Lahore, but they shifted to Bombay and tenaciously continued as before. In the meantime,Roop had married Meena. In the years following independence, he produced Dr Chaman (Punjabi), starring Meena Shorey, Karan Dewan, Om Prakash and Kuldeep Kaur, Dholak (1951), with Meena Shorey and Ajit in the lead-role, and Ek Do Teen (1953) starring the by-now-familiar Motilal-Meena team.

Roop specialised in the pure situational comedy in which the characters were ready to laugh at themselves rather than take pleasure at laughing at others. R K Karanjia, writing for Blitz in 1953, called Roop `The King of Comedy’, and litterateur Mulk Raj Anand paid him an eloquent tribute.

Roop could never duplicate the success of Ek thi Ladki, but he was obsessed with the story and went on trying that same formula in many of his films, without much success. He considered I S Johar and Majnu as his Lucky Mascot and repeated them in the same role in many films. Meena had migrated to Pakistan despite his protests. He too had gone with her, but returned alone. Meena kept coming to India to work in films here. She used to even stay with Roop Shorey. Then she went back to Pakistan never to come back. She died in absolute poverty and neglect in Pakistan.

Starting with Majnu in 1935 Roop directed a total of 18 films. His last directed film was Ek thi Reeta-71. In Pakistan,he had directed the film ‘Miss 56’, in which his then wife Meena Shorey was the Heroine. The film was a copy of ‘Mr. and Mrs 55’ made by Guru Dutt,in India.

Roop soon relinquished his directorial responsibilities, but continued to produce full-length comedies throughout the sixties, including Aplam Chaplam (1961), Main Shadi Karne Chala (1962), Akalmand (1966). In 1971, he produced Ek Thi Rita, a smash hit based on the English play A Girl Called Rita, which launched new talents Vinod Mehra, Yog Raj, Kumar, Madhvi and Pompi.

Despite the closing of Shorey Studios in Lahore, Roop’s popularity in Punjabi cinema continued throughout the Partition. Among the Punjabi pictures directed by Roop were Dulla Bhatti, Koel and Mangti. Mangti became very popular for its situational music scored by Govindram, its witty dialogues and healthy humor. This film broke all records of previous Hindi and Punjabi films, running for over 75 weeks in one cinema hall at Lahore. It gained a profit of over 15 lakh, an enormous sum in the forties. Roop Shorey, who passed away at the age of 56, on 3-6-1973, will always be remembered for his serious approach to a genre known for its lightheartedness. ( adapted with thanks from an Indian Express article.)

APLAM CHAPLAM-1961 was yet another attempt by Roop K Shorey to relive the magic of Ek thi Ladki-1949. Throughout his life he was obsessed with this one theme only. Additionally he would invariably take I.S.Johar and Majnu, whom he considered as his mascots. Johar considered this pair as “Bob Hope and Bing Crosby ” of India.

In this film again the story was written by Johar on the same lines with minor changes.

Aplam(Johar) and Chaplam(Majnu) are small-time crooks. One day they bring a beautiful girl Lajwanti(Kum kum) from an orphanage with a promise to make her a big film star. They set up a Theatre and arrange Lajo’s dances. They make a lot of money.

Ramesh(Ravinder Kapoor), a young man from a town, comes to the city to invest some money. This jodi catches him and invests (swallow) his money in the theatre. Lajo and Ramesh fall in love. Actually Lajo is an orphan with her aunt in a village, who sends her to an orphanage to save her from her own husband Biharilal(Tiwari). When Biharilal learns from the aunt where Lajo is, he comes to the city to get her, as she is an heiress to a great fortune. He contacts Aplam Chaplam to get to Lajo. Meanwhile Ramesh and Lajo are separated due to a misunderstanding.

When the crooks realise that Biharilal wants to kill Lajo, they decide to save her and in the process also repent and reform. In the end Lajo is saved, Biharilal goes to jail and Lajo and Ramesh get reunited and Aplam-Chaplam become Lajo’s Estate Managers.

The cast of the film was I.S.Johar, Majnu, Kumkum, Ravindra kapoor, Badriprasad, Tun Tun, mrudula, kathana and others. In this list you can see the name of an actress, Mrudula. Not many readers will remember who she was. For your information , Mrudula was the FIRST heroine of Dilip Kumar in his Debut film ” Jwar Bhata”-1944, We all know what height Dilip Kumar reached in Hindi films, but Mrudula was a victim of her contract with Bombay Talkies. Here is her story…….

Mrudula ( real name Chandrakanta) was born on 2-11-1924 at Almora, but was educated in Delhi. When she was in college doing her graduation, Amiya Chakravarty of Bombay Talkies came to Delhi on a Talent Hunt. He contacted her and gave her an offer. She signed a 5 year contract with Bombay Talkies and Devika Rani became her Mentor, teaching her everything. She was paid 2500 rupees salary with a furnished house. Her first film was “Jwar Bhata”-44, opposite another Debutant Dilip Kumar (Yousuf Khan). After Himanshu Rai’s death, Bombay Talkies was already in disarray. Many people had left the company due to differences with Devika Rai. A group of them formed Filmistan.

She got married to her lover Mr. G C Andley. However the marriage was unsuccessful and she went back to Delhi. She spent a miserable life selling whatever she had to survive. She got divorce and came back to Bombay to work in films, in 1954. She worked in 53 films in all. Her last released film was Saboot-80, though she had married again and retired some time before that.

Mrudula was also a victim of her contract with Bombay Talkies. It destroyed her career as a Heroine forever. Devika Rani was her Mentor in Bombay Talkies. However, after Himanshu Rai’s death, no one was listening to her in the company due to groupism. Disgusted, Devika rani left Bombay Talkies,having sold all the shares. Mridula got stuck in the company without work, due to her 5 year contract. It was Vijay Bhatt of Prakash Pictures who somehow convinced Bombay Talkies to loan her to him and she got roles in 2 of their films. In the film ‘Bhakta Dhruva”-47, she played mother to 16 year old Shashi kapoor (sr) when she herself was about 23 year old only ! But she had no choice. The film and her role became famous, but she lost her chances of becoming Heroine in any film thereafter.

Till 30-9-2016 she was living in worli, Mumbai all alone. Her only daughter stayed nearby and looked after her. There is no news about her anymore.

All the 7 songs of this film were written by Prem Dhavan and the music was by the Melody King- Chitragupt. Today’s lovely song is sung by Lata Mangeshkar.


Song-Hum dar pe tere jab aa hi gaye (Aplam Chaplam)(1961) Singer- Lata Mangeshkar, Lyricist-Prem Dhavan, MD-Chitragupt

Lyrics

aa haa
aa haa
o ho o o o o

hum dar pe tere jab aa hi gaye
thhukraa naa hamen dilwaale
hum dar pe tere jab aa hi gaye
thhukraa naa hamen dilwaale
mehfil mein teri ik ham bhi sahi
ho khair teri matwaale
hum dar pe tere ae ae

dil humse miley na miley
nazren to milaa le sanam
kab tak ye teri berukhee
itna to karo na sitam
dil humse miley na miley
nazren to milaa le sanam
kab tak ye teri berukhee
itna to karo na sitam
ab tu hi bataa hum jaayen kahaan
jab jaan hai tere hawaale
hum dar pe tere jab aa hi gaye
thhukraa naa hamen dilwaale
hum dar pe tere ae ae

dil tujh pe luta hi chuke
par tujhko khabar hi nahin
hum tadpe hain tere liye
per koi asar hi nahin
jab mil hi gayi tujhse ye nazar
hai kaun jo dil ko sambhaale
hum dar pe tere jab aa hi gaye
thhukraa naa hamen dilwaale
hum dar pe tere ae ae

tujhse hi kiya hai gilaa
jab dil se raha na gaya
per humne jo chaaha wahi
humse hi kaha na gaya
tujhse hi kiya hai gilaa
jab dil se raha na gaya
per humne jo chaaha wahi
humse hi kaha na gaya
kuchh keh na sake
chup reh na sake
andaaz tere hain niraale
hum dar pe tere jab aa hi gaye
thhukraa naa hamen dilwaale
hum dar pe tere ae ae


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5349 Post No. : 17540

Today’s song is from a film of the Golden Era-Sandesh-1952.

This film was made by Sandesh pictures and its producer’s name was also Sandesh Adhikari. Luckily, the director was not any Sandesh. It was Bal Gajbar, a director not known in Hindi cinema, but he was a celebrated director in Marathi films. he did only 3 films in Hindi as a director namely, Mere Laal-1948, Sandesh-1952 and Gokul ka Raja-1954….his last film in Hindi.It’s Marathi original was Gokulcha Raja ( गोकुळचा राजा ) made in 1950, which was also directed by Bal Gajbar only.

There were 8 songs in the film, written by Manohar khanna (father of Music Director Usha khanna), Nihal Chand Jain-strangely called Nihal Uzanavi. The third lyricist was Kumud Tripathi, the well known comedian. He was one of those who came to the film industry to become a Lyricist but ended up being a reasonably successful comedian and a character artiste. He started as a Lyricist for the film Rimjhim-1949 and then wrote songs for Bijli-1950. He wrote 2 songs for the film Nai Zindagi-1951. During this film he attended one song filming. The director Mohan Sinha offered him a small comedy role in that film. This became his Debut if films as an actor. Though he wrote songs for film Sandesh-52, his career as a comedian had kickstarted. He last wrote songs for the film Jeevan Sathi-1957. Offhand I remember another 2 comedians who started as Lyricists but ended as Comedians namely, Mirza Musharraf and Kanhaiyalal Chaturvedi. Actors like Sajjan and Mahipal also started as Lyricists before becoming heros.

During his struggling days in the early 50s, Kumud Tripathi was staying in Bandra’s slums along with Sunil Dutt and Rajendra kumar. He acted in 73 films. His first film as an actor was Nai Zindagi-1951 and his last film was Hum se badhkar kaun-98. His one role I remember is from the film Apradhi Kaun-57, in which he had sung two songs also on the screen. After retirement from the films, he joined TV and did a memorable role as Guptaji ( owner of a Gen. Store) in a famous serial of the 1986 period- Nukkad.

The cast of the film was Durga Khote, Umesh Sharma, Kumud lele, Nana palashikar, Lalita Pawar etc.etc. The story of the film Sandesh-1952 was….SANDESH-1952 was a story of a doctor with distorted principles. Dinanath’s father Vidyadhar,an honest and straightforward School teacher is falsely implicated in cases of treason and mutiny against the British and is convicted in 1922. This shock takes Vidyadhar’s life.
Dinanath and his mother go to Kashinath, who was a favourite student of Vidyadhar,for help. Kashinath promises Dinanath that he will make him a doctor. During his education,Dinanath falls in love with a rich Barrister’s daughter Sudha,but their marriage can not take place as Dinanath is very poor. She gets married to his classmate.
Dinanath goes to England and when he comes back as a Doctor,he becomes only money minded,as he realises the value of money in this world. Due to his nature,his mother Saraswati bai leaves him.
One day,his mother meets with an accident and is brought to his Hospital,but she refuses to be treated by him. He realises that relations are more important than money and a Doctor’s profession is a noble one.
He repents and changes himself. Meanwhile,Sudha gets a divorce and they meet again and unite,finally.
The Hero of the film was Umesh Sharma,who acted in Deepak-51 and Apna desh-49 also as a Hero. Later he worked in many other roles,as well as as a writer,director and producer also. He acted in 33 films.He was the writer of the famous film BOMBAY-1995.

The Music Director was S.Purushottam, about whom not much is known. Similarly his assistant for this film was Shyamrao Kamble, who later became a very well known Arranger in Hindi films. He too has not received any publicity like other Arrangers- Anthony Gonsalvez, Sebastian D’souza, Chick Chocolate, Chriss Perry, Frank Fernando etc.

LUCK plays an important role in our film industry. It is this Luck which has built bright careers and it is this Luck that has brought down people’s careers.

It was a matter of Luck that Devika Rani chose the hesitant, shy and simple Ashok Kumar as her hero in films, otherwise he would have, at the most, become a Cinematographer or a senior Lab Technician in the Photography department of Bombay Talkies ! It was a matter of sheer luck that Khan Mastana was the Main singer in Rafiq Ghazanavi’s Laila Majnu, and a shy aspirant Mohd Rafi was a part of Chorus and later in K Asif’s Laila Majnu, Mohd.Rafi was the Main singer and the poor Khan Mastana was in the chorus !

It was luck that the immensely popular master Nissar made the Governor of Bombay to stop and give way to the sea of Nissar’s admirers and fans and it was the same luck that a tattered, poor master Nissar died in Penury and anonymity in the bylanes of Kamathipura when his last rites were done through charities. The unprecedented record breaking popularity of ‘Jai Santoshi Maa’ was nothing short of a miracle and good luck to the hapless producer who was totally broke. Was it not Luck that made Pt. Hanuman Prasad listen to Geeta Dutt, without her knowledge and then brings her to the Films ?

The Hindi film industry is full of stories of luck. Thousands of people work in the industry, in different departments, but only a few get mentioned like say Cinematographer. What about his assistants who contribute equally, if not more to film shooting ?

Music Directors’ names are famous. At times their assistants too get a mention in the credits, but what about the soul of every song-the Arranger ? Many people do not even know that there is someone called an Arranger. An Arranger not only exists, but without him the song orchestration is not possible.

How many Arrangers are known to the public in India ? A composer is Zero without an Arranger. So they try to employ the best of them in their service. Some of the Arrangers become successful Composers themselves, like Sonik-Omi or Laxmikant Pyarelal. Most arrangers fail as composers because they don’t know the commercial aspect of composition, like getting films, knowing and mixing with film personalities in Parties, having friends and God fathers in the right place etc etc.

The other day I was reading a book “Voh Bhooli Dastaan” by Subhash Chandra Jadhav,on Indian Film Music. In this book he has described information about one such successful but totally unknown Arranger SHYAMRAO KAMBLE.

Kamble was born in Karad, near Kolhapur in Maharashtra, on 23-10-1925. His elder brother taught him Tabla and Pakhawaj. Kamble joined a musical drama company where he learnt writing notations. When he came to Bombay he accompanied great singers like Saraswati Rane, Suresh Haldankar, Manik Verma etc. He used to make rounds of film studios and learnt to play Piano, Saxophone, trumpet, mandolin etc.

His career started as an assistant to music director H N Sharma.

Then he worked for Roshan in Bawre nain, wherein he played harmonium in all songs and Roshan was pleased. In Bheegi Raat-65 he played Guitar in the song ‘Dil jo na kah saka’

While doing Anokhi Raat he made use of Flute artistically in ‘oh re taal mile’. During this film Roshan died and he helped his wife to complete the recording of ‘Sapnon ka raja’ by Lata.

Chitralekha’s background music was liked by Hemant kumar very much.

After Roshan, Kamble worked for his son Rajesh Roshan also.

Kamble says,“Though my work was appreciated, my name never appeared in film credits till Jaidev and Sudhir Phadke insisted for it.”

From ‘Mujhe jeene do’-63 Kamble became Jaidev’s assistant. He says,’ Jaidev ji was a composer totally sold to indian classical music.’ For Reshma and Shera Kamble used Sarod effectively.

The producer director of Gharonda,Bheem Sen insisted its music to be like R D Burman. Kamble used the interludes in every song just like RDB and songs of Gharonda became very famous. Jaidev was so happy that he gave a 5 speaker gramophone to him as a Gift.

In the film ‘Tumhaare Liye’ Kamble wanted Hariprasad Chaurasiya to play Flute. He discussed it with Hari ji, but Hari ji did not come for any rehearsals, so Kamble called Sumant Raj and did the rehearsals. As luck would have it,on the day of recording Hariprasad came to play Flute. Kamble did not hesitate in making his decision. He used both the flutists for different pieces in the song.

Kamble also worked with Sudhir Phadke. when a producer wanted to make a remake of marathi film ‘Vahininchya Bangdya”, he took Sudhir Phadke for Bhabhi ki choodiyan as a composer, but put a condition that his Arranger will work with him. That person was a Goanese and Phadke did not like his arrangement with western instruments for this emotional film. He called Kamble and asked him to write notations for all the songs on the tunes decided already. Kamble did all this and left. Phadke gave the notations to the Goanese arranger and asked him to arrange orchestration accordingly. That is why all the songs of this film including ‘Jyoti kalash chamke” became popular.

Shyamrao Kamble did not attempt to become a film composer himself, as he knew his limitations. However,for “Bibal-My Brother”-1975, he shared the music with Prabhakar Jog.

Shamrao himself was a brilliant composer as well. He used to compose Bhajans and once on listening to the Bhajans he composed, music director Pyarelal asked him “Shamraoji if you can compose the tunes so nicely, why don’t you think to be a full-fledged music director for films ?” He just said “I am more interested in the Music Arrangements..” Pyarelal asked him jokingly, “so shall I use your compositions ?” smiling, within a second he said, “Pyareji, my all work is for you… you may use it whenever you wish..!” I am very much sure that if Shamraoji had taken music-direction as a career, he would have definitely achieved the position in the list of most talented and successful composers in the Indian music field,” said Pyarelal Ramprasad Sharma, the ace music director.
“His knowledge and devotion towards music was so deep, that he even used to guide or suggest the top artists like Rais Khan (sitar), Hariprasad Chaurasia (flute), Shivkumar Sharma (santoor) about the playing during the recordings. He also used to express that a particular music piece would be more effective if improvised in a different manner etc. And the greatness of those artists also, who used to sportingly accept Shamraoji’s suggestions and appreciate the same.. This was only because they were fully aware of Shamraoji’s knowledge and capacity. And also this was the reason that we had given total freedom to him in our work also,” said Pyarelal.

In his early career, Shamrao had worked as a notation-writer. He was the one who wrote down the notation for Dinanath Mangeshkar’s natya sangeet (Chandrika hi janu, Vilopale madhu meelanat ya, Yuwati mana etc).

Though he retired and settled in Poona, Laxmikant Pyarelal always called him for work. He has toured several countries with Laxmikant Pyarelal’s orchestra as an Arranger. Shamrao kamble died on 17-10-2008, at Dombivali, due to Brain Haemorrhage, at the age of 83 years.

The tribe of Arrangers always worked behind the curtain, without any limelight on them and without appearing in film credits.

Truly, they are the brains behind good music in films ! (Thanks to Subhashandra Jadhav of ‘Voh bhooli Dastaan’ and Imprints and images, with thanks.)

Let us now enjoy the song by the classical singer Manik Verma. She sang only 17 songs in 13 Hindi films. Today’s song was her last song in Hindi films.


Song- Soya gagan mein chaand sojaa (Sandesh)(1952) Singer- Manik Verma, Lyricist- Kumud Tripathi, MD- S.Purushottam

Lyrics

hm mm mm mm
mmm mm mm
mm mm mm

soya gagan mein chaand
soja
soya gagan mein chaand
soja
pyaar ki loree
gaaye chakori
gaaye chakori
baadal jhulna jhulaaye
so jaa
soya gagan mein chaand
soja

soja aaye sapne suhaane
mit jaaye dukh dard puraane
dard puraane
sapnon mein meet bulaaye
soja
soya gagan mein chaand
soja

hat jaayega dukh ka andhera
aayega jab sukh ka sawera
sukh ka sawera
pichhli kahaani bhulaaye
soja
pichhli kahaani bhulaaye
soja
soya gagan mein chaand
soja
soya gagan mein chaand
soja
hmm mm mm
mm mm
hmm mm mm
hmm mm mm


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5347 Post No. : 17532 Movie Count :

4717

Today’s song is from a C grade Stunt film – Fighting Hero-1946.

1946 was an important year in the history of Hindi films. This was the period when the impending Independence of India was on the Anvil and everyone knew that in the year 1947 it would take place. At the same time when the country was to be divided on the basis of Religion and another muslim country Pakistan was to come into existence. Many of the muslims in the film industry were excitedly awaiting their departure from India to the Utopia. This would, naturally, create a lot of vacancies in every department of film making. However, there was enough talent available in the remaining India to fill up the void. Hence from the year 1946 itself there were several debutantes. This made the year 1946 an year of Debuts of several new actors, directors, MDs, Lyricists etc etc.

The second World War had just ended, which had created inumerable millionaires, fed on black marketing and illegal trades in the war period. Many of them were keen on investing their ill gotten wealth in the film industry. Thus, there was no dearth of finances in the industry. From 1946 to around the early years of the 50’s, some of these ” novo-rich” persons provided finance. Some even tried their hand at directing films or even acting in it. Let us see what other things happened during this period.

By 1946 to 1950 old towers shook hard to crumble. The studio system almost disappeared. Film industry could now boast of people highly educated, talented and hard working. Even artistes with International experience and success like Dewan Sharar, Shakuntala Paranjpye, actor Ranjan, Balraj Sahni etc contributed to Indian films. The old horse of Calcutta-New Theatres broke down and actors, directors and Music specialists from Bengal made a Bee-Line to Bombay, thus making it the strongest ever film centre.

1946 was also an year of consolidation, in a sense that due to the iminent Partition of India on the basis of Religion, agreed upon by Gandhi-Nehru combine, made Muslim artistes and filmmakers plan to pack their bags and move over to the new Utopia across the border. Their vacancies were to be filled up by the waiting second line of actors,directors and MDs. The film industry was to have a complete new look within 1-2 years and the beginning was from 1946. Thus the year was very important.

The year 1946 was an year which saw many changes in the film industry. The II world war had just ended. Rationing and control on many items had created Black marketing. This made many people Millionaires. The extra income started getting invested in Film making. The increased cost of Raw Films made filmmaking 7 to 8 times costlier. A film which was made in about 1 Lakh rupees in 1940, needed 8 Lakhs now. Studio system was waning and artiste rates increased in Lakhs instead of thousands.

In 1945, only74 films were made. This number increased to 153 films in 1946. Further, in 1947, the film industry produced a record number of films – 181, but of course that was due to Partition. The quality of films was sacrificed at the cost of the quantity of films made in 1946. However, some quality films were made in 1946, indicating the changing face of filmmaking.

Film Dharati ke Lal-46 was made by IPTA people and it became the first film to be exhibited in Russia. Neecha Nagar-46 won the Grand Prix award in the French Film Festival. Film Dr. Kotnis ki amar kahani-46 was dubbed in English as ‘ The journey of Dr. Kotnis’. It was shown in the USA and then in the Venice Film Festival. Two musical films- Anmol Ghadi and Shahjahan were made in 1946.

Year 1946 also saw the Debut of several stars and artistes. In fact one can call 1946 as the ” Debut year” of the Hindi film industry. See this….

Nirupa Roy debuted in film Amar Raaj-46

Nasreen (real name Zareena), daughter of Rafiq Gaznavi and Anwari bai had debuted in her first released film ” Shahjahan-1946.

Geeta Bali debuted with a dance in film Badnami-46

Geeta Roy sang her first film song in film Bhakta Prahlad-46

Balraj Sahni debuted in the film Insaaf-46. It was a small role,though.

K A Abbas-Director, Pt.Ravi Shankar-MD, Balraj Sahni as Hero and Damayanti Sahni as Heroine made their Debut in film Dharti Ke Lal-46

Meena kapoor sang her first released Hindi film song in the film Eight Days-46. She also recorded her first Hindi film song in the film ‘Door Chalen’-1946, which was released later than the film Eight Days-46.

Sudhir Phadke debuted as MD in film Gokul-46

P L Santoshi as Director, Dev Anand, Rehman, Rehana and Kamla Kotnis debuted as actors in film Hum Ek Hai-46

Chitragupta did his first film as MD in Lady Robin Hood-46

Ram Ganguly became MD with film Maharana Pratap-46

Abhi Bhattacharya debuted in Hindi film Milan-46

Chetan Anand as Director, Uma Anand and Kamini kaushal as actresses debuted in film Neecha Nagar-46

Hansraj Behl debuted as MD with film Pujari-46

Madhubala(as Baby Mumtaz) sang her first song in film Pujari-46

Majrooh Sultanpuri wrote his first Hindi film song in film Shahjahan-46

S D Burman as MD and Kishore Kumar as an actor debuted with film Shikari-46

So, you will find the year 1946 was truly an year of change. The winds of Partition were already blowing and the second line of supplementary artistes was ready to replace the Migrators, after the Partition.

Film Fighting Hero-46 was produced by Keshav k. Talpade, under his own banner- Talpade productions, Bombay. He also directed the film. He had already directed another film-Stunt king-in 1944, so he got confidence. Later he also directed 2 more films for Basant Pictures of Homi Wadia and directed Fearless Nadia in Tigress-48 and Maya Mahal-49. After this his name does not appear anywhere. Keshav was earlier in the petrochemical business and apparently had earned a lot. However after this one film – Fighting Hero he did not produce any other film. He purposely chose this Genre of stunt films, because in that period, this was a genre in which a stunt film could be made in 5 to 7 lakhs only. Further it did not require well known actors or Music directors.

The Music Director for this film was Chitragupt for whom this was only the third film as a Music Director, having debuted in the same year with the film Lady Robin Hood-46. Chitragupt (16-11-1917 to 14-1-1991) later became a Melody maker giving music to 149 films and composing 1036 songs. He also sang29 songs in 16 films. He was one of my favourite composers. Though a genius, he was not lucky enough to ever join the grade A MDs simply because he did not get any famous film house as a mentor.

The film had only 6 songs, 3 of which were sung by Mohantara Talpade, niece of the Producer/Director. She started in 1942 and sang 117 songs in 54 films till 1958. She was a very popular singer in marathi films and NFS. She was born on 24-10-1926 in Bombay. She studied upto matriculation. She learnt music from Heerabai Zaveri, Shyamalabai Mazgaonkar and Navrang Master too. Khemchand Prakash recorded her first song in 1941 but her song in the film Mamaji-1942 was released first. It was composed by H.C.Bali, who was responsible for Saigal’s entry in films.

1946 was the best year for her as she sang in 12 films in 1946. Her best period was 1946 to 1948. Then Lata overtook and she fell back. She was married in 1949 and took a 3 years’ gap to raise a family. She became Mohantara Ajinkya. From 1952 to 1955 again she sang. Then she shifted to Marathi and became popular there.

The cast of the film included Sudha Rao, Iqbal Begum, Kavita Sardesai, Romesh Vyas, Moolchand, Niranjan Sharma and others. Except Moolchand and Niranjan Sharma, I do not know about anyone else in the cast. Moolchand made his acting Debut in this film. He acted in 131 films till the film Toofan-1989. He died on 18-12-1988. Niranjan Sharma was a well known Character actor. He too made his Debut in this film. He worked in 129 films till mata vaishno devi-1971. He wrote Lyrics in 3 films for 23 songs. Niranjan Sharma wrote the story and Dialogues of the film Fighting Hero-1946, besides acting in it. All in all, I guess this must be one of the most economically made films of that time.

Today’s song is sung by Mohantara Talpade and written by I.C.Kapoor.


Song- Mere sapnon ke raaja mere jeewan mein aa jaa (Fighting Hero)(1946) Singer- Mohantara Talpade, Lyricist- I.C.Kapoor, MD- Chitragupt

Lyrics

Mere sapnon ke raaja
mere sapnon ke raaja
mere jeewan mein aa jaa
mere jeewan mein aa jaa
aa jaa aa jaa
mere sapnon ke raaja
mere sapnon ke raaja
mere jeewan mein aa jaa
mere jeewan mein aa jaa
aa jaa aa jaa

sapnon mein hans hans kar aanaa
sapnon mein hans hans kar aanaa
jeevan mein tarsaana
sapnon mein hans hans kar aanaa
jeevan mein tarsaana
kaisi hai ye preet balamwaa
kaisi hai ye reet
kaisi hai ye preet balamwaa
kaisi hai ye reet
kuchh mujhko samjha jaa
mere jeewan mein aa jaa
aa jaa aa jaa
mere sapnon ke raaja
mere sapnon ke raaja
mere jeewan mein aa jaa
mere jeewan mein aa jaa
aa jaa aa jaa

jab se tose nain lade hain
jab se tose nain lade hain
tab se teri raah khade hain
tab se teri raah khade hain
dil mein meethhi meethhi chaahen
dil mein meethhi meethhi chaahen
khuli huyi hain meri baahen
khuli huyi hain meri baahen
mere dil ki aag bujhaa jaa
mere jeevan mein aa jaa
mere dil ki aag bujhaa jaa
mere jeevan mein aa jaa
aa jaa aa jaa


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5343 Post No. : 17519

Today’s song is a Non Film Song (NFS). It is a duet sung by Jharana Devi and Hemant Kumar.

After a long time,possibly 2 years or so, I am discussing a NFS. Many of our readers may not know that for the first 3 years of this Blog, no NFS was discussed. When I started visiting and commenting on this Blog, I was thinking that only film songs are posted here. In the year 2011, one of our regulars, Shri. AK ji of Songs of Yore first wrote a lengthy comment here advocating that this Blog should discuss NFS too. After this I too wrote supporting his view and very soon Atul ji started posting NFS here.

Dance, Music and Songs have a special place in Indian culture. Dance requires training, Music requires musical instruments, but songs are for everyone. Centuries ago, Dance and Music was the prerogative of the Kings and the Rich. But songs had already permeated into the daily lives of people. From birth to death, from celebrations to festivals and from Naamkaran to Marriage, songs were available and used freely by the womenfolk. Songs had also entered the educational system. I remember, during my school days in the late 40’s, teachers insisted that we recited poems like a song, so that we remembered them. Even the Tables or the Pahades were loudly repeated by the entire class in tune. This helped to make the dry mathematics enjoyable. Due to that, people in the age bracket of 70+ still do remember the tables of 1/4,1/2,3/4,1 1/4, 1 1/2 etc even today. In the age of computers, Calculators and Mobiles, I find it easier and faster to calculate in my old learned way !

In India, the first recording was done in 1902 by a German team and there was no looking back after that. HMV opened a factory to make records in Calcutta. In those days, records and gramophones were affordable only to the rich people. In 1936, All India Radio started. from 1931 onward talkie films provided film songs, but film song records were regularly made only by the end of the 30’s decade. Until then Non Film Songs were popular all over the country.

During the period 1930 to almost 1960, it was the era of NFS. In the early years, Saigal, Pankaj Mullick, Juthika Roy, Jagmohan and Talat Mahmood ruled this segment. I remember we had a gramophone and one of my uncles was a fan of NFS, so we had many records of these singers. Very soon Hemant Kumar and S.D.Burman also joined the singing group. Bengali singers were in the forefront of singing NFS. Faiyyaz Hashmi, Kamal Dasgupta and his brother Subal Dasgupta looked after the lyrics and the music. Slowly in the western India too, almost every singer sang NFS. Lata, Asha, Geeta, Mukesh, Rafi and even Kishore Kumar cut several NFS records.

After 1960. the NFS died its natural death. The melody of Bangla singers ended with the demise of all those singers. That is why music lovers in the age bracket of 70+ remember the Golden period of NFS by the specialists. The newer generations, however , have missed the train. Once the NFS started featuring on the Blog, almost all famous and popular old time NFS were discussed. So far we have 254 NF songs by 81 singers listed on this Blog. Initially, when the NFS of Jagmohan, Pankaj Mullick, Juthika Roy etc were discussed, music lovers from far and wide countries put their comments on every song. These were the indicators of the popularity of the NFS.

Today’s NFS is a duet which is not only rare but also very old i.e. from the 40’s decade – almost 70-80 year old period. The singers are Hemant Kumar and Jharana Devi. I do not know anything about Jharana Devi. She was a famous bengali singer who sang film and Non film songs. In Hindi, I found that she sang only in one film ” Iran ki ek raat”-1949. No more information on her. About Hemant Kumar , ofcourse we know a lot, but some points of his life too are less known. Let us read further.

” Listening to Hemant da, I feel as though a Sadhu is singing a Bhajan in a Temple ” -said Lataji.

I agree with Lata ji 100%. I have always loved songs of Hemant Kumar-be it Aao bachchon tumhe dikhaayen jhanki Hindustan ki (Jaagriti) or Ya dil ki suno duniyawaalon(Anupama) or any of the Hemant – Lata duet like Saanwle salone aaye din bahaar ke (Ek Hi Raasta) or Yaad kiya dil ne kahaan ho tum(Patita).

Hemant Kumar achieved his unassailable position through difficult times in his early career, which he had begun with NFS. while reading material on Hemant Kumar from Bangla Literature, I found an article written by one of his close friends. Luckily I also found its English translation. I reproduce here only a part of the article which reports two important events of his early life. One in Calcutta and one in early Bombay days- which also exposes the ugly face of competition in Bombay musical circles by a known Jodi !

“Although Hemanta was making ground as a singer, he had never intended to become one in the first place. He cherished to become a writer. Hemanta used to attend writer’s communions at the local library and was also the editor of the communion. A story written by him even got published in the prestigious ‘Desh’ magazine in 1937. But Hemanta’s friends did not want Hemanta the writer, they were more fond of Hemanta the singer. With a mild annoyance Hemanta gradually distanced himself from the literary world. Nevertheless he maintained deep ties with literary personalities throughout his life.

Columbia’s trainer Sailesh Duttagupta first initiated Hemanta to Rabindrasangeet. In the beginning Saileshbabu used to stay near Hemanta’s house in Bhabanipur, but later he shifted to Ballygunge. One day he scolded Hemanta, “What’s up with you? Earlier you used to be on time, but since I have moved you seem to be consistently late.” Hemanta hesitated a bit and replied in a mild voice, “Earlier you used to stay near my place. I have to walk all the way now, so sometimes I get late.” Saileshbabu was taken aback, “You walk all the way? Why on earth?” Hemanta stood silently with a melancholic face, but Saileshbabu understood. He affectionately told Hemanta, “I will give you an anna daily to cover your travel expenses.”

Sailesh Duttagupta was Hemanta’s only music tutor. He went to an ustad to train in classical music for a few days but could not concentrate. (Hemanta Mukherjee mentions in his autobiography that he had started to learn Hindustani classical music under the tutelage of Ustad Faiyaz Khan, but his learning was cut short by the Ustad’s untimely death.) Hemanta’s lack of classical training proved to be a blessing in disguise. His god gifted voice was as fluent as the undeterred winds. Grammatical rules of classical music might have restricted the flowering of his sweet voice. The fluency with which Hemanta sings ‘Amar bhanga pather ranga dhulaaye’ or ‘Dekonaa amare Dekonaa’ might not have been observed in classical oriented songs such as ‘Tabu mone rekho’ or ‘Era par ke apan kore’. Hemanta did not possess a harmonium for quite a few days after submerging himself in the ocean of music. He had to go to other people’s homes to practice. After a couple of records Hemanta had enough to purchase his first harmonium. After his third record Hemanta decided to quit studies and direct all his efforts to music. His father was not happy with this, but Hemanta’s mother supported her son’s wish. She knew what was best for him.

Unlike the other stalwarts of those times, Hemanta was not born into an affluent family. Sachin Dev Burman was the prince of Tripura, Pahari Sanyal’s ancestors were called the uncrowned nawabs of Lucknow, Pankaj Mullick had worked with the Indian Railways to sustain himself before he got established and K. L. Saigal also held a regular job before he came into music. How then did Hemanta dare to forego the security of a job and plunge himself into the darkness of an uncertain future?

Hemanta was one of those rare artistes who savours unearthly pleasure by keeping himself busy within the domain of his work. Affluence and luxury used to create the same emotions within him, as did melancholy and poverty. I have seen the same untainted humble countenance on a young struggling Hemanta, as I have seen years later on Hemanta sitting at the pinnacle of success surrounded with plenitude. Wealth, awards, trophies did not bring about a change in his simple attire. Clad in a dhoti and a shirt with sleeves rolled up, the same mundaneness in conversation, it was the same Hemanta always. Success never blinded him and so he stayed ever so close to our hearts.

Hemanta’s struggle along the road to success started from the very first day. He worked tirelessly night and day, from music tuitions, to the radio office, to the Tollygunge studios looking for a break in film playback. But success seemed to elude him and he had to make his living from the meagre remuneration of the music tuitions and the odd song that he recorded. Then one day suddenly he got his much awaited break in a film called ‘Nimai Sanyas’ as the playback for the leading star Chhabi Biswas. A kirtan style devotional song ‘Kotha krishna, kotha krishna, prabhu dekha dao dekha dao’. Two years after this Hemanta cut his first Rabindrasangeet disc ‘Amar aar habenaa deri’ and ‘Keno pantha e chanchalata’. A rich voice with a clear throw of words. This time nobody taunted him as Pankaj’s parody. The record won critical acclaim not only from the common masses but also from the educated elite. Thus began the saga of a new exponent of Rabindrasangeet, who brought Rabindrasangeet from the phonographs of the affluent to the lips of the common masses. Rabindrasangeets which were undoubtedly popular at that time, also became ‘hits’ in this golden voice.

Hemanta composed the entire score for Hemen Gupta’s film ‘Abhijatri’ in 1944. It was this Hemen Gupta, who gave Hemanta’s rising career a shot in the arm with the Hindi film ‘Anandmath’ in 1951. Hemanta migrated to Bombay and joined S. Mukherjee’s Filmistan Studios at a monthly salary of Rs. 1500. But that was just the beginning of another long strain of struggle to carve a niche for himself in the competitive Hindi film music scenario. The leading composer duo of those times Shankar Jaikishen even offered Hemanta a chance for playback in their movies on the condition that he would not compose music in films; Hemanta modestly declined the offer. But true talent never goes unrecognized and it was in a matter of a few years that Hemanta became a foremost singer as well as music director in Bombay. Rabindrasangeet and Bengali modern songs had made Hemanta the darling of the Bengalis, Bombay gave him nationwide recognition. Hemanta’s days of struggle and worries, were finally coming to an end. Success, fame, wealth, awards continued to radiate throughout his life.

I remember an incident from the early years of Hemanta’s life. After his first record was released, Hemanta and I were returning after purchasing a few copies of it from a record shop adjoining the Purna cinema hall. A strain of a Pankaj Mullick song being played in a house entered our ears. Suddenly Hemanta asked, “Will my songs ever play like this in people’s homes?” I don’t remember what I had replied then. But later, much later, Hemanta got that answer himself – not only did his songs play in people’s homes in Bengal, it played all over the country. It played not only on gramophone discs, but it played in people’s hearts, its strains returned on their lips and it got ensconsced forever in their psyche.” (This article was composed in Bengali by Hemanta Mukherjee’s friend Sudhiranjan Mukhopadhyay. Translated by Prithviraj Dasgupta. My thanks to Faculty ist unomaha.)

Let us now enjoy today’s rare duet NFS by Hemant Kumar and Jharana Devi. I must also thank shri Syed Zafar Shah, who regularly uploads old gems from films and Non Film songs.


Song-Kitna karte pyaar bata do (Jharna Devi Hemant Kumar NFS)(1950) Singers- Jharna Devi, Hemant Kumar, Lyrics- Pt. B.C.Madhur, MD- Hemant Kumar
Both

Lyrics

Kitna karte pyaar bataa do
kitna karte pyaar
sajan mohe kitna karte pyaar
Kitna karte pyaar bataa do
kitna karte pyaar
sajan mohe kitna karte pyaar

tumhen meri qasam
sach kehna sajan
mohe karte ho tum kitna pyaar
tumhen meri qasam
sach kehna sajan
mohe karte ho tum kitna pyaar

meri pyaas tum ho meri zindagi ho
meri aarzooo ho
hansi ho khushi ho
meri pyaas tum ho meri zindagi ho
meri aarzooo ho
hansi ho khushi ho
tumhi raaah e ulfat ki meethhi gali ho
tumhi raaah e ulfat ki meethhi gali ho
jo hansti chaman mein hai tum wo kali ho
jo hansti chaman mein hai tum wo kali ho
agar main hoon gulshan to tum ho bahaar
agar main hoon gulshan to tum ho bahaar

ab tum hi bata do meri pyaari sajni
ab tum hi bata do meri pyaari sajni
mujhse tumko kitna pyaar
kitna pyaar

in meethhi aankhon mein hai meri duniya
hanste honthhon pe hai meri khushiyaan
inhi paaon mein mere jeewan ki ghadiyaaan
inhi paaon mein mere jeewan ki ghadiyaaan
hai tum par nichhaawar aankhon ki ladiyaan
hai tum par nichhaawar aankhon ki ladiyaan
main dil hoon aur tum ho ?? karaar


do khoye dilon ka mila hai thhikaana
do khoye dilon ka mila hai thhikaana

idhar hai deewaani
udhar hai deewaana
idhar hai deewaani
udhar hai deewaana
hain donon baraabar
karen kiski haar
hain donon baraabar
karen kiski haar
idhar pyaar jitna
udhar utna pyaar
idhar pyaar jitna
udhar utna pyaar


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5334 Post No. : 17491

Today’s song is a duet from the film Chor-1950. For reasons unknown, the name of this film in HFGK is written as Chore, whereas everywhere else, including in Hindi in HFGK itself it is mentioned as Chor only !

The film was directed by Anand Prasad Kapoor (32 films as a director and 2 films as an actor) and the film had music from Pt. Govind Ram. Before we move further, I have a query – do you know which actor in Hindi films had his real name as Indriya Daman (इंद्रिय दमन ) ? I know it is a difficult question and 99% readers will not be able to give the right answer.

It was almost a custom in Hindi films, until recently, to have a ” Filmi” name instead of having the real name. There were many reasons for this, like hiding odd names, religion, caste, language or mostly to avoid having a very common name. Sometimes existing names in the industry also forced the artiste to have a pseudonym. For example, most people know that Meenakumari’s real name was Mehjabin. Do you know there was another actress with the same real name Mehjabin…who ? Ok, who were the well known film artistes having the real names like – Kalyan kumar, Shashikala, Gopal Bedi, Padmavati, Nargis jahangir, Susheela Pawar, Badshah Begum, Roshan Ara, Zulfiqar Ali, Sunita Kulkarni, Khurshid Mirza, Sahebjan, Syed jafri, Vijaya Deshmukh, Yasmin Joseph, Krishna Sarin or Vishwanath ?

There are more than 100 odd names like this, but these names are enough to prove my point. All right, here are the answers…. Real name and Filmi name…

Mehjabin-Jabeen, Kalyan Kumar-Anup kumar, Shashikala-Minakshi Seshadri, Gopal Bedi- Ranjit, Padmavati-Mamta kulkarni, Nargis Jahangir- Shammi aunty, Susheela Pawar- Vanmala, Badshah Begum-Shakeela, Roshan ara- Husn Bano/ Naseem Bano/ Sarojini, Zulfiqar Ali- Feroz Khan, Sunita Kulkarni- Kajal Kiron, Khurshid Mirza- Renuka Devi, Sahebjan- Sulochana Latkar, Syed Jafri- Jagdeep, Vijaya Deshmukh- Sandhya, Yasmin Joseph-Mandakini, Krishna Sarin- Bina Rai and Vishwanath- Nana Patekar.

Now coming to the original first question – Who was Indriya Daman ? He was none other than actor Shekhar- Hero of today’s film, Chor-1950. He was born on 8-10-1923,at Dehradun. He did his schooling in Meerut and Graduated from Agra university. Then he worked as an Announcer in All India Radio,Delhi. He came to Bombay with a desire to act in films. He got the Hero’s role in Devendra Goel’s first production,” Aankhen”-1950,opposite his own dreamgirl Nalini Jaywant. Composer Madan Mohan also made his debut with Aankhen-50. In Spite of 3 debutants,the film became a Hit. The 5′ 8” tall,fair and handsome Shekhar became a star overnight.

Shekhar became very famous when he sang ‘ Tujhe kya sunaun main dilruba ‘ from film Aakhri daon-58 ( melody made by Madan Mohan and inspired by Sajjad Husain’s ‘ye hawa ye raat ye chandni’ from film Sangdil, in Talat’s voice). Shekhar was a very lucky person.In one of the interviews he gave in 1956,he himself has recounted incidents where his luck helped him. This interview can be read on Cineplot. After leaving films,Shekhar looked after his production and Distribution business,expanding it further. Shahid Latif was his close friend and when Shahid made his first film Darwaza-54,he gave the distribution rights for Delhi and U.P. of this film to his friend Shekhar. Thus started his business even while he was still acting. Shekhar acted in about 35 films.
Shekhar’s career as an actor was cut short abruptly,because he decided to become Film producer.He produced Chhote Babu-57,Aakhri Dao-58 & Bank Manager-59.The last one was a total wash out. Not heeding to it, he started” Pyas”,with Phani Mazumdar as director & N.Dutta as M D. Bina Rai was signed as heroine against himself. To arrange finance he accepted C grade films, such as Dilli Ka Dada with Sheikh Mukhtar & Hum Matwale Naujawan, both 62 movies. Soon he was out of the job & worst, his film remained stalled, due to financial crunch. Shekhar completed the film with great difficulty.The film was ultimately released in 1968, with a new title “Apna Ghar Apni Kahani”. As anticipated,the film attracted no audience,due to its dated look & long forgotten, middle aged lead pair. Financially ruined, Shekhar migrated to Canada. He expired there, a long time back.

The music director of this film was Pt. Govind Ram, who was one of the most respected persons in the film industry. C.Ramchandra was very much impressed with his music and work method. Lata Mangeshkar also respected him calling him ” Master ji”. However none of her songs composed by Govind Ram became famous or a hit song. It is very sad that his date of birth or even the date of death is not known.

In the pre-partition period of Hindi films, there were many schools of music directors, many times on a regional basis, but some were just unique. The Punjabi school of film composing was a very important and innovative school among these. This school gained popularity in the 1940s, which also resulted in the immense popularity of Punjabi folk music. Ghulam Haider was considered to be the most important of these, but equally great were Pandit Amarnath , Shyam Sundar , Husnlal – Bhagatram , G. A. Chishti , and Pandit Gobindram .

Pandit Gobindram Ji ( born in 1912) was a trained musician from Lahore, and was equally popular in both Hindi and Punjabi films. Unlike other music directors of the Punjabi school, music composed by him did not typically reflect native Punjabi trends, but instead lay firmly in the category of mainstream 1940s’ music. One could very well say that he played a crucial part in shaping the music of the 1940s. His music is truly melodious and varied, with a unique combination of highly expressive tunes, yet very fun and foot tapping and rhythmically catchy. He is one of the music directors who used a very large number of singers, only second to Gyan Dutt, one of his worthy contemporaries. He excelled equally in composing happy, sad, romantic, serious, comical, classical, just any kind of songs. It is a pity that he has never received the attention that he deserved.

Among his landmarks are the introduction of enormous contributions to making Shamshad Begum and Zohrabai the top singers in Hindi films. He recorded the maximum number of Hindi film songs with Shamshad Begum – 86 songs in 19 films. He was also one of the foremost music directors to encourage and bring forward great veteran Rafi , and also introduced great singer Zeenat Begum to films. He has 32 films to his credit and each one had equally superb music. He composed 302 songs.

Some of his films were Himmat-41,Sahara-43, Pagli-43, Aabroo-43, Naseeb-45, Laila Majnu-45, Sassi Punnu-46, Chalis Karod-46, Ghar ki izzat-49, Nisbat-49, Bholi-49, Raj mukut-50, Chore-50, Sarkar-51 and his last film Naqab-55. Most popular singers of that period have graced his songs. His use of light music, Ghazals, Thumris and various popular music forms in films, provide a ready insight into the uniqueness of 1940s music, and with a slightly unique flavour of both his compositions as well as a tiny tinge of Punjabi style.

Pandit Gobindram Ji started his career with Jeevan Jyoti (1937), but his first Hindi film in the 1940s was Himmat (1941). Today, it is remembered for being the second ever Hindi film of veteran singer Shamshad Begum Ji, where she beautifully sang the traditional Dadra ‘Inhin Logon Ne Le Leena Dupatta Mora’ , in her young, sweet but powerful voice. The famous song with the same lyrics in Pakeezah (1972) is largely a copy of this song. This was the first song composed by Gobindram that helped him gain recognition. Other songs from this film included a beautiful duet by Ghulam Haider and Umraozia Begum , ‘Main Hoon Rani Ek Sunehri Nagri Ki’.

His last film was Naqaab-55. Gobindram worked with more than 30 lyricists during his career. With 56 songs in 8 films, his collaboration was the highest with Ishwar Chandra Kapoor. Some of the other prominent lyricists he worked with include Bharat Vyas , Ram Murti Chaturvedi , Ramesh Gupta , and Qamar Jalalabadi . (adapted from an article by Vidur Sury, with thanks).

Let us now listen to the duet sung by Shamshad Begum and S.D.Batish.


Song- Tere gaaon mein sajan mora dil na lagey (Chor)(1950) Singers- Shamshad begum, S D Batish, Lyricist- Harish Bharadwaj, MD- Pt. Gobind Ram

Lyrics

ho tere gaanv mein
ho tere gaanv mein
tere gaanv mein sajan mora dil na lage re
mohe dilli shahar dikhla de balamwa
jamuna snaan kara de

ho kyun gaanv se
ho kyun gaanv se
kyun gaanv se roothh gayi hai sajaniya
itna to mohe batla de sajaniya
manwa ki baat bata de

dilli shahar mein hai ik bajariya
bikti hai wahaan pe dhaani chunariya
ho o more balma
ho more balma hoy
dillil shahar mein hai ik bajariya
bikti hai wahaan pe dhaani chunariya
dilli ki odhni odha de saanwariya
chaandni chowk dikhla de balamwa
jamuma snaan kara de
main waari jaaun
jamuma snaan kara de

apne gaanv ki kheti baadi
kaise chhod ke jaaun main pyaari
ho o mori janiya
ho mori janiya
apne gaanv ki kheti baadi
kaise chhod ke jaaun main pyaari
kaise chalegi pet ki gaadi
itna tu mohe batla de sajaniya
itna to mohe batla de sajaniya
manwa ki baat bata de
dilli shahar mein bade bade chaudhary
bade bade chaudhary
dilli shahar mein
bade bade chaudhary
unke wahaan tum kariyo naukari
kariyo naukari
milegi tankhva mauj karenge
laal quile ki sair karenge
milegi tankhva mauj karenge
laal quile ki sair karenge

maanegi na tu badi hathheeli
maanegi na tu badi hathheeli
baandh le gathhdi meri chameli

waah re balam to pe waari waari jaaun
rabdi parathe tujh ko khilaaun
zara jaldi se ticket kata de
ho zara jaldi se ticket kata de sajanwa
dilli shahar dikhla de balamwa
jamuma snaan kara de
main waari jaaun
jamuma snaan kara de
ho tere gaanv mein
ho tere gaanv mein
tere gaanv mein sajan mora dil na lage re
mohe dilli shahar dikhla de balamwa
jamuna snaan kara de
main waari jaaun
jamuna snaan kara de


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5332 Post No. : 17482

Today’s song is a duet from the film Chupke Chupke-1948.

The film, made by the Rajeshwari Films, was directed by two persons – Baij Sharma and K.C.Verma.

When I selected a song from this film for presentation, I was happily reminded of the film of the same name – Chupke Chupke made in 1975, directed by Hrishikesh Mukherjee. That was one of the comedies I truly enjoyed. Both Amitabh and Dharmendra had a terrific sense of timing and comedy, which was at its best in this entertaining film. Besides this fact, seeing the names of today’s film directors- Baij Sharma and K.C.Verma, I was reminded of a pair of MDs who operated in the same time period of the late 40’s, namely Sharma ji and Verma ji (they were Khayyam and Rehman Verma, assistants of Music Director G.A.Chishti for films Yeh hai zindagi-47 and Jhoothi Kasmen-48, at Calcutta).

Director K.C. Verma was basically a Music Director and he gave music to films like Bolti Bulbul-42, Aawaz-42, Bhakta Prahlad-46, Soorat 47 and Bhole Piya-49. Chupke Chupke was the only film he ever directed. I wonder what bit him so hard as to try his hand at film direction ? Director Baij Sharma acted in 3 films- Shukriya-44, Ragini-45 and Namaste ji-1965. His first film as a director was Chupke Chupke-48. He also directed films like Amar kahani-49, Nirmohi-52 and Kanchan-55.

The cast of the film was Zareena, Shanti Kumar, Nirmala Devi, Vilayat Begum, Vishal and few others. Out of these names, I knew only Nirmala Devi, but somehow I thought I knew Zareena too. I spent one day restlessly trying very hard to recollect where I had read the name Zareena. Surely it could not be Zareena Wahab- the actress of films Chitchor -75 and Gharonda-77 etc. Then suddenly I remembered about this Zareena !

Zareena was the daughter of actor, singer and MD Rafiq Ghaznavi and actress Anwari Bai. Zareena wanted to act in films, so she accepted the film Chupke Chupke, which was started in early 1946, but due to various reasons,including financial, got delayed and finally completed and censore3d only in 1948. Meanwhile, Zareena got an offer from A.R.Kardar for a role. She changed her name to Nasreen and acted in Shahjehan-1946 as well as Daud Chand’s film Ek Roz-1947. During this period, her mother Anwari Bai was divorced by her father. Anwari then married Jugal Kishore Mehra (Raj Kapoor’s Mama), who converted to Islam and became Ahmed Salman. He later became the Chief Director of Pakistan Radio also.

He adopted Nasreen and got her married to Agha Liaqat Gul Tajik, a Diamond merchant from London (Diamond merchants were called ‘Agha’) and she left films to become a total housewife. Years later, Nasreen Agha’s daughter Salma Agha became a famous singing star in India and Pakistan. (information collated from various sources including an article by Anis Shakur, Lahore).

Though HFGK gives a list of songs and the record numbers, it is silent about the singers and lyricists of individual songs. I got the singers’ names from the song uploader on YouTube. The Music Director for this film was S.D.Batish who was the cousin of Pt. Amarnath, Bhagatram and Husnlal Batish. He sang 115 songs in 70 films and gave music to 20 films composing 154 songs from 1948 to 1960. He is one of the few Musicians who did a lot to promote Indian music in the UK and the USA.

I have a lot of respect for S D Batish, who did a marvelous job of promoting Indian Music in the UK and USA. He is one of those rare people who left the film world, but continued serving the Indian Music, by turning a corner in Life. Such people are few in this world. The monumental work he did for Indian Music in foreign lands is unparalleled. An important point is that he did not do this service to Music for his personal gains. For his sustenance,he had opened a Restaurant in Santa Cruz,California,which was providing him enough for a comfortable living in the USA.

Born December 14, 1914, in Patiala, India, Shiv Dayal Batish abandoned a career in the nascent telephone industry to study devotional song, folk drama, and Indian classical music under his guru Hakim Chandan Ram Charan. In 1934, he relocated to Bombay to try his hand at acting, but roles proved scarce and he returned to Patiala two years later, renewing his focus on music. By 1936 Batish was regularly appearing on All India Radio and recording his first sessions for His Master’s Voice. The film industry nevertheless retained its allure for him, and in 1939 he returned to Bombay, working for a spell under broadcasting legend Z.A. Bokhari. After earning his first film work as an assistant musical director in 1942, Batish later graduated to full-fledged Bollywood musical director, in the years to follow working with playback singer greats including Asha Bhosle, Lata Mangeshkar, and Mohammed Rafi.

Batish also moonlighted as a playback singer in 70 films, singing 115 songs, among them 1944’s Daasi and 1948’s Barsaat ki Raat, before relocating to Britain in 1964. After accepting a position with the BBC Immigration Unit, Batish became a regular in British radio and television, most notably composing “Nai Zindagi Naya Jivan,” the theme song to the Beeb’s classic South Asian series Apna Hi Ghar Samajhiye (“Make Yourself at Home”). He also returned to his roots as a live musician, performing Indian folk and classical music on the vichitra veena, a long-necked fretless flute. In 1965 Batish was summoned by percussionist Keshav Sathe to record the Indian-inspired incidental music for the Beatles’ second feature film, Help! — the experience also proved the beginning of his lifelong friendship with Beatle George Harrison, who later hired Batish to teach his then-wife Patti Boyd the stringed dilruba.

In 1969 Batish assembled wife Shanta Devi, daughter Vijay Laxmi and sons Ashwin Kumar and Ravi Kumar to record North Indian Folk and Classical Music, which for decades remained the lone Indian release to appear on the seminal folk label Topic Records. A year later, the family emigrated to the U.S., settling in northern California and founding a restaurant, the Santa Cruz-based Krishna Café. Although the restaurant business remained Batish’s primary focus for the remainder of his life, he continued playing live and also cut the occasional LP, most notably 1980s Raga Todi, 1985’s Om Shanti Meditation on Dilruba and 1997’s The 72 Carnatic Melakhartas.

He founded “Batish Institute of Music and Fine arts” in California and wrote about 12 books on Indian Classical music,like Ragopaedia,Raga Channels,Rasik Raga lakshan Manjiri etc. He had also founded Batish Recording Co.

He died at age 91 on July 29, 2006.

From the memoirs of his son Ashwin……

Born in Patiala, Batish showed promise early. As the story goes, when he was as young as seven, he was regaling audiences and receiving praise from the likes of Hari Singh, the Maharaja of Kashmir. Encouraged by the plaudits perhaps, he forayed into Bombay to forge an acting career. His attempt wasn’t quite successful, though, and he returned to Patiala to study music with Pandit Chandan Ram Charan.

His guru, quite taken by Batish’s sense of rhythm and memory, gave him the moniker Rasik, which Batish adopted as a pseudonym on some compositions crafted later in California. By 1936, he was an artiste with the All India Radio and recording for the label EMI as Master Ramesh – a name he acquired while singing covers of songs rendered by popular singers, especially KL Saigal.

As always, fortune seemed to smile on him. His singing on AIR drew the attention of an older cousin, Pandit Amarnath, who was an accomplished musician in the Punjabi film industry in Lahore. Amarnath gave Batish the opportunity to sing a song – Pagdi Sambhal Jatta – he had composed for the film Gawandi (1942). The song became a hit, making Batish popular. But, all told, the experience was bittersweet. Ashwin says his father did not relish acting in the movie: the frequent takes, the blinding light from mirrors used as reflectors unnerved him.

As Amarnath’s assistant, Batish learned various aspects of music direction: rehearsing with singers, synchronizing instruments and working with an orchestra. These learnings opened yet another opportunity for him. He was invited to Bombay by the Marathi writer and film impresario Keshav Prahlad Atre (Acharya Atre) to compose music for the film Paayaachi Daasi. But, in the end, credit was given to Annasaheb Mainkar.

After the Partition in 1947, the year Amarnath died, Batish moved back to Bombay, this time not to try his luck as an actor, but as a singer and composer. Several prominent music directors of the day employed him for their movies – Anil Biswas for Laadli, Husnlal-Bhagatram for Sawan Bhado, Hamari Manzil, and Surajmukhi; Ghulam Mohammad for Kundan; Roshan for Barsat ki Raat and Taksal; and Madan Mohan for Ada and Railway Platform. Some of his more notable songs were sung with Geeta Dutt in films he provided music himself, such as Betaab and Bahu Beti. He was associated with films in Hindi and gave music to 20 films, composing 154 songs, as S.D.Batish,Master Ramesh and Nirmal Kumar. Some of his songs were famous.

Batish, whose musical oeuvre has been described as an “amalgam of classical music and Punjabi folk and popular styles” composed for 20 films, including Har Jeet, Tipu Sultan and Toofan. For two films, he composed under the name Nirmal Kumar – a moniker that Lata Mangeshkar had given him for luck, according to Ashwin.

By this time, Batish had grown disenchanted with the Hindi film world. Ashwin recalls that his father needed a steady income to sustain his young family, but payments were erratic and delayed. Irked by this, Batish worked for a while to set up an artistes’ union to give them a platform to air their grievances and demands. Then the family decided to go to England.

On October 10, 1965, the series Apna Hi Ghar Samajhiye premiered on BBC1 television and radio. Presented in Hindustani, Urdu and English, its theme music was composed by the multi-faceted Pandit Shiv Dayal Batish, who had already won considerable renown as singer and music composer in the Hindi film world. The series aimed to reach the new immigrant from South Asia: it offered advice on matters like housing, insurance, migration and education, interspersed with music from the subcontinent, especially film music.

SD Batish, as he was better known, was also a recent arrival to England. As his son, the musician Ashwin Batish recounted, he had reached London earlier that year on a “near relative visa” following his older daughter Surendra’s admission to a course in ophthalmology. Word of his arrival spread among fellow musicians such as Keshav Sathe, who worked in the Indian High Commission and moonlighted as a tabla player, and Batish soon became part of the BBC’s outreach programmes.

A multi-instrumentalist, who was proficient at the sitar, tabla and vichitra veena, Batish featured regularly at music festivals across Britain. At one of these, the Cardiff Music Festival, his playing impressed the British parliamentarian and activist Fenner Brockway. Brockway helped Batish secure permanent residency status, Ashwin says. Not long after, Batish’s family joined him from Bombay. It was a decision, Ashwin says, that balanced his mother Shanta Devi’s practicality with his father’s musical dreams.

Shanta Devi, like Batish early in his career, had been an artist with the All India Radio at one time. To raise money for the air tickets, the family sold its land in Bombay’s Santa Cruz neighborhood – now worth a fortune, Ashwin says. Its new home was on Birchington Road, a residential area in London’s West Hampstead.

A few weeks later, as Batish recalled, came Sathe’s memorable call inviting him to make up the quartet of Indian musicians assembled to provide accompaniment for the Beatles’ album Help!. The others in the quartet were Sathe on tabla, Diwan Motihar on sitar and Qasim (known just by his first name) on flute.

A kinship must have formed during those musical sessions, for Batish’s association with George Harrison did not end there. Months later, Batish was engaged to teach Harrison’s wife, Pattie Boyd, the dilruba, a stringed instrument that later featured on the Beatles’ Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band album (1967).

Around 1970, the Batish family moved again, this time to Santa Cruz in California. The emigration was not altogether impulsive. Batish had been teaching a short-term course at the University of Santa Cruz, where his colleague, the mathematician Ralph Abraham, had been taking tabla lessons from him. Abraham suggested the Batish family move to the US and the family agreed. As a family, Ashwin quipped, they were as much “move-icians” as musicians.

The move to the US, as with the one to England, was a family decision. Shanta Devi’s initiative led to the Batish India House (at first called the Sri Krishna Café), a restaurant on Santa Cruz’s Mission Street that served Indian food while music was played by members of the Batish family. “I would serve food and then jump on stage to play music,” remembered Ashwin, who like his father plays several instruments, including the sitar and tabla.

The restaurant was featured often in the local paper, The Santa Cruz Sentinel, and ran till 1985, before music became the all-absorbing act, and SD Batish embarked on the “project of a lifetime”. His wish to collate, annotate, and set in writing every known detail of the Hindustani (the Ragopedia compendia) and Carnatic musical systems coincided with Ashwin’s discovery of Gopher, an early internet protocol that enabled files to be recorded, uploaded and distributed easily. It was a project envisioned after their visits to the library of the University of Berkeley yielded barely a few books on Indian music, and mostly on the Carnatic tradition. What was an inspiration for Batish to explain every raga became a boon not merely for music aficionados but also for his students who were familiar only with English.

The family set up the Batish Institute of Music and Fine Arts in 1976. It was the third of its kind to come up in California after the Ali Akbar Khan College of Music and the Music Circle, which was set up by Harihar Rao, a long-time associate of Ravi Shankar.

Besides being a recording studio, the Batish Institute continues to offer classes and texts, including several hundreds of Batish’s compositions (his raga lakshan geet set in the Hindustani classical system), and his derivative ragas based on the 72 melakartas of the Carnatic tradition. He regularly performed with his children, Ashwin and daughter Meena, and lived long enough to see his grandchildren, Keshav and Mohini, grow into musicians.

In my memory,the image of S D Batish is etched as a person with a large Fur Cap. Such a type of cap was worn by Shaikh Abdulla and his son Farooq Abdulla. I saw V.Shantaram too wearing that type of cap. Later his son followed by wearing the same ( I mean similar type) Fur cap like father, as if it was a family tradition ! Of late,I have seen the famous film Historian Shri Nalin ji Shah with this cap. When I had met him a few years back,he had jokingly said that this cap is his Trademark !

S D Batish was the cousin brother of Pt. Amarnath and brothers Husnlal-Bhagatram,all bore the same surname – Batish.( Thanks to obituary and bio by Jason Ankeny, an article by Anu kumar in scroll.in dated 24-6-2021, an article by his son Ashwin, along with muVyz, HFGK, Wiki and my notes. All excerpts are adapted ).

Today’s song is a duet sung by S.D.Batish and Nazira Begam.


Song- Aakar hum Pachhtaaye chalo chalen chalo chalen(Chupke Chupke)(1948) Singers- Nazira Begam, S.D.Batish, Lyricist- Not known, MD- S D Batish
Both

Lyrics

aakar hum pachtaaye manwa
chalo chale, chalo chale
aakar hum pachtaye manwa
chalo chalen, chalo chale
ab kyun der lagaye manawa
chalo chalen, chalo chalen
ab kyun der lagaye manwa
chalo chalen, chalo chalen

pyaar unka pehchan liya
pyaar unka pehchan liya
aaj se humne hai jaan liya
aaj se hamne hai jaan liya
ham nahin unko bhaaye ae manwa
hum nahin unko bhaaye
ab kyu der lagaye manwa
chalo chalen chalo chalen

kya samjhenge kya jaanenge
kyunke hum bhi na manenge
kya samjhenge kya janenge
kyunki hum bhi na maanenge
koi laakh manaaye manwa
chalo chalen, chalo chalen

chalo chalen hum sang tumhaare
chalo chalen hum sang tumhaare
prem nagar ko prem sahaare
prem nagar ko prem sahaare
prem ki jyot jagaayen
prem ki jyot jagaayen

ab kyun der lagaaye manwa
chalo chalen chalo chalen

chalo chalen chalo chalen
duniya ko bhoolen
sukh aakash pe jhula jhoolen
sukh aakash pe jhula jhoolen

tan naache man gaaye
tan nzache man gaqye

ab kyun der lagqaye manwa
chalo chalen chalo chalen


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5330 Post No. : 17474

Today’s song is a funny video song featuring Master Bhagwan and Tun Tun, from the film Lucky Number-1961.

This so-called ‘social film’ was almost a C grade Murder-Mystery film having unknown directors and B and C grade actors, who were on the waning career road. It was produced and directed by Man Mohan Sabir under his own banner Man Mohan Films, Bombay. he had Mohan Rathod, the film’s editor as his Co-Director. man mohan Sabir had also written 4 of the 7 songs of this film. 2 Songs were by Anand Bakshi and 1 song was by actor David, who was also acting in this film. Looks like that the film was made on a very economical budget by taking multitasking artistes !

The heroine of the film was Ameeta, who, despite looking good and being a reasonably good actress always remained a b grade artiste. The others in the cast were David,Heeralal, Indira, majnu, Robert, Ramesh Dutt, Bhagwan, Tun Tun, rajan Haksar Romeo the Dog and some others. I could not identify who was the film’s Hero, though I saw the film again yesterday.Perhaps, Prakash ji would be able to tell.

As far as Ameeta is concerned, How many names can a person have ? 2 – 3 – 4 ? Film actress Ameeta had 5 names. She was born Qamar Sultana. Her mother called her Indira, friends called her Indu, In film Thokar-53, she appeared as Jai jaiwanti and finally she was named Ameeta by Vijay Bhatt. Total 5 names. Ameeta was born on 11-4-1940 to Riaz Ahmed and Shakuntala Devi , in Calcutta. After her father’s death, they shifted to Bombay.

A fan of Madhubala, Ameeta was enacting her idol’s sword fight from Baadal (1951) when she caught the eye of Lekhraj Bhakhri, who signed her for his movie Thokar starring Shammi Kapoor. This was her debut film in a side role where she was credited as Jayjaywanti. Ameeta’s debut movie as heroine was a 1953 release, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (1954), directed by Vijay Bhatt. The screen name Ameeta made its appearance in this movie. The film failed, but Ameeta kept on working in films like Amar Kirtan, Badal Aur Bijli, Baaghi Sardar and Indrasabha. Her career took a positive turn in 1956 when she starred with her idol Madhubala in the box office hit Shirin Farhad. She was then chosen for lead roles in Abhimaan and Zamana and Hum Sab Chor Hai (1956) along with Shammi Kapoor and Nalini Jaywant.

The turning point in Ameeta’s career came when she became the protégé of Filmistan Studios’ owner Tolaram Jalan who produced Tumsa Nahin Dekha (1957) opposite Shammi Kapoor, as a vehicle for promoting Ameeta as a new star. Great care was taken with her make-up, wardrobe and lighting, to present her in the most flattering and advantageous way possible. Furthermore, much of the film’s extensive publicity also centred on the actress. The film was a big success but Ameeta’s thunder was stolen by the then struggling Shammi Kapoor. This got her the female lead of Goonj Uthi Shehnai, a role originally intended for Asha Parekh, with whom she had acted earlier in Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (1954). The film starred a then up-and-coming Rajendra Kumar and an exceptional music score went on to become one of the top-grossing films of 1959. Here despite a mature and sensitive performance, Ameeta was overlooked and Kumar was given credit for the film’s emphatic success.

Although she kickstarted the careers of Shammi Kapoor and Rajendra Kumar with these hits, Ameeta could never capitalize on them and stardom never materialized. Further roles in multi-star films like Raakhi (1962) and the blockbuster Mere Mehboob (1963) did not help her career graph, even though she was nominated for a Filmfare award for the latter as Best Supporting Actress, and she now dropped to playing lead grade-B movies which though successful at the box office did not do much for her star status. Her romance opposite Kishore Kumar in Hum Sab Ustad Hai in 1965 was her next role. By 1965 she was playing negative and villainous characters in films like Rishte Naate (1965), and Aasra (1966). She was seen in supporting roles to fledgling starlets Rajshree and Babita, in films like Around the World (1967) and Haseena Maan Jayegi (1968). After filming Haseena Maan Jayegi (1968), a disillusioned Ameeta left the film industry as she was not getting leading roles and settled into matrimony.

Though she acted in some good films like Dekh kabeera Roya-57 and Goonj uthi Shehnai-59 etc, she remained, all the time, a B grade Heroine. Till her last film Kisan aur Bhagwan-74, she acted in 47 films and then she left films. Her mother died soon after. Her daughter Sabeeha acted in a few films. Sabeeha tried her hand in Bollywood as a lead actress in Anokha Rishta (1986) and Khiladi (1992) and 100 Days (1991) which were big hits of respective years, but her career never took off. She appeared in Qayamat Ki Raat (1992), before she too disappeared from the Hindi movie scene. She shifted to a more successful business of Jewellery designing. ( Thanks to wiki and ‘beete hue din’ Blog plus my notes.).

The music Director of this film was Anil Biswas, who was on the waning track of his career. one thing is observed by me. Most of the or atleast many of the old time MDs, in their last phase of career compromised and accepted B and C grade films, gave a lack-lustre dispirited music and spoiled their name. Let us see the cases of 3 old time successful MDs.
C.Ramchandra operated from 1942 to 1978, giving music to 947 songs in 112 films. His iconic films of the 40s and the 50s are too famous to be named here, but after Lata Mangeshkar left him in 1958 or so, his music became lifeless. Call it a result or a coincidence. In the last phase of his career he gave music to films like Amar rahe ye pyar-63, Veer Bhimsen-64, Sher Dil-65, Hum Diwane-65, Tasveer-66 and Toofani takkar-78.

Naushad who operated from 1940 to 1995, giving music to 636 songs in 69 films, had the longest career with lowest number of films. he had a very long list of Hit films with many celebrating Silver and Golden Jubilees. he is on record having rejected film Azaad-1955 just because the producer wanted its music to be done within a month. Such talented MD’s films in his last lap were…My friend-74, Sunehra Sansar-75, Habba Khatoon-78, Chambal ki Rani-79, Awaz de kahan hai-90 and Teri payal mere geet-93.

Finally we come to Anil biswas who operated from 1935 to 1965, giving music to 767 songs in 90 films Films to which he had given music in his heydays are too well known. he was highly respected by his contemporaries ike C Ramchandra, naushad, S D Burman etc. His last films were ….Return of Superman-60, Meera ke chitra-60 Angulimal-60 Lucky Number-61, Humen kehne do-62 and chhoti chhoti baten-65.

Some old time MDs like Damodar Sharma, Panchotiya etc became assistants or musicians in the younger MD’s orchestras. Such is the film industry.

The story of the film Lucky Number aka Khooni kaun-1961 was…..

Suman gets the news of her father -Raja Saab’s- sudden death. her friend Amit suspects foul play and to know the truth he and his friend Balram become servants in that household. Suman’s uncle Jaspal wants her married to the brother of his girlfriend.
Raja saab’s dog Romeo finds his last will, by chance. Amit reads it and comes to know who must be the murderer, Jaspal singh. Suddenly Jaspal appears , hits him unconscious, takes the will and runs away. Amit is saved by his friend Balram. With the help of the Police, Amit traces Jaspal and the police catch the murderer, with the will.

Finally, all’s well that ends well. The audience is relieved that the film is over and they go home happily !

Today’s song is sung by Shankar Dasgupta, Mubarak Begum, Meena Kapur and an unidentified male voice.


Song – Kisi ne ishq waalon ke liye kaisi kahi achchi (Lucky Number)(1961) Singers- Mubarak begum, Shankar Dasgupta, Meena Kapoor , Unknown male voice,
Lyricist- Not known, MD- Anil Biswas
Mubarak Begam + Meena Kapoor
Shankar Dasgupta + unknown male voice

Lyrics

kisi ne ishq waalon ke liye, kaisi kahi achchi
ki inki dosti se to hai inki dushmani achchi
ki inki dosti se to hai inki dushmani achchi
kisi ne husn waalon
kisi ne husn waalon ke liye kaisi kahi achchi
kisi ne husn waalon ke liye kaisi kahi achchi
na inki dosti achchi
na inki dushmani achchi
na inki dosti achchi
na inki dushmani achchi
kisi ne husn waalon ke liye ae

aa aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa
bade maasoom ban ke
bade maasoom ban ke, ye nigaahen chaar karte hain
nigaahen chaar karte hain
jigar pe vaar karte hain

ye taareef hai inki
yahi taareef hai inki
o o o o o
o o o

ye le lete hain uski jaan
jise ye pyaar karte hain
ye le lete hain uske jaan
jise ye pyaar karte ahin
jise ye pyaar karte hain
jise ye pyaar karte hain

ki inki dosti se to hai inki dushmani achchi
lagi inki nigaahon ki
kisi ne ishq waalon ke liye kaisi kahi achchi
kisi ne ishq waalon ke liye ae

aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa
baja ilzaam inka
haay
baja ilzaam inka
ham kahaan inkaar karte hain
milaa ke aankh lekin ham
milaa ke aankh lekin
kya bhala sarkaar karten hain

ke inke chaahane waale, na jeete hain na marte hain
o o o o
o o o o
o o o o
kuchh aisa haal unka, ye haseen dildaar karte hain

kuchh aisa haal unka, ye haseen dildaar karten hain
haseen dildaar karten hain

haseen dildaar karten hain

ye sach hai ke nahin hoti
nahin hoti
buton ki bandagi achchi
ye sach hai ke nahin hoti
buton ki bandagi achchi

na inki dosti achchi, na inki dushmani achchi
na inki dosti achchi, na inki dushmani achchi
kisi ne husn waalon ke liye, kaisi kahi achchi
kisi ne husn waalon ke liye kaisi kahi achchi


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5327 Post No. : 17462

Today’s song is from a C grade imaginary film – Jadui Angoothi-1948.

The man has been attracted, with awe, towards the miracles and magic powers from the time immemorial. All of us, in our school days were drawn towards stories of magic, be it from Puranas, or from Arabian Night type stories. This is a worldwide phenomenon and you find books for children have about 30 to 40 % stories about magic, super powers and supermen. Even the film industry all over the world-in all languages, have taken advantage of this fact and made films on men with magic and super powers.

Being a normal school child, I was not an exception and loved to read such books and see such films. Maybe because of this, I was fascinated by the Mythological films from childhood. When I started seeing films, my first priority, in the initial phase, was for films which would quench my thirst for magic. This was easily fulfilled by the Mythological and cheap stunt films in third rate theatres, where the ticket rates were low ! Even Hollywood films like Superman, Captain Marvel, The 3-D Man, The invisible man and the others of this ilk were my staple food on Sundays and Holidays. Actually most adults too are enamoured by magic and miracles but hesitate to admit openly. I do not suppress the child in me and I am always ready for such films even now, knowing full well that it is nothing but trash !

As per the film Index list, about 40 films are made with the titles starting with the word ‘Jadu’ and 16 films with ‘Jadui’. It feels funny when you see films made like jadui Topi, Jadui Shehnai,Jadui Sindoor, Jadui Sandook or Jadui Danda !

Today’s film Jadui Angoothi-1948 was made by Mohan Pictures owned by Ramnik Lal Shah, husband of yesteryear heroine Indurani. She was a popular Heroinein the 1930s and the 1940s, before she quit films. I have interviewed her son Salim Shah , who is settled in the USA, and written about her on the Internet. Later Dr. Surjit Singh ji published a detailed book on her. There were few film companies which were specialised in making stunt, action, costume and imaginary films together with popular Arabian Night stories. Mohan Pictures was one of them. In the year 1948 itself they had made such C grade films like Jadui Angoothji, jadui Bansuri and jadui Shehnai. Film Jadui Sindoor-also made in 1948 was censored in early 1949,

Film Jadui Angoothi was directed by A.M.Khan. Now, this Khan was a person with many qualities. He was an actor, a lyricist and a director. In his 30 years’ career he had acted in 2 films – Dil-46 and Bigde dil-49. He wrote 24 songs in 3 films – Cyclewali-38, Ran Sangream-39 and Bahana-42. A M Khan directed 37 films. His first film was Woh kaun-1935 and his last film was Jadui Anguthi-1965. When I went through his Filmography as a Director, I found that he directed mostly Stunt, Action and Costume films only.

Some of his films had interesting Titles….Cycle Wali-38, Chabuk wali-39, Motor wali-42, Khanjar wali-43 and to top it all, he also directed Police wali-49 ! Titles of his films had words like Lutari, Lutaran, Bala, Sundari, Lady, Tilasmi, Jadui, and Toofani. These are typically indicative of their genre-Stunt. A M Khan was also a Stunt specialist. In those days, some directors specialised in such films. For example, Nari Ghadiyali, Aspy irani, Ramniklal Shah,Master Bhagwan, Harischandra rao and Chandra rao kadam etc. Other than Khan’s Filmography, no information about him is available.

The story of film Jadui Angoothi-1948 was….Sunder Singh, a poor youth, wishes to leave home in search of fame and fortune, but his mother, believing that one’s life is determined by fate, tries to reason with her son, and as a test she suggests he try to marry a princess and see what happens. Sunder takes the challenge and heads out to find and woo his would-be bride. On the journey, Sunder battles two ruffians, Bahadur Singh and Sher Singh, and when the princess learns of Sunder’s valor and heroism, she falls in love.

Sunder requests to marry the princess, and the king agrees, but on one condition — that the young man search for, and bring back, a legendary magic ring which is kept by an evil wizard. Bahadur Singh and Sher Singh, still stinging from their defeat, use black magic to try and stop Sunder from reaching his goal.

Sunder Singh, with great courage and valour fights all evils, kills the evil wizard and gets the Magic Ring. The king is very happy and marries the princess with Sunder singh. However, after the marriage, the Magic Ring is transformed into a Fairy who blesses Sunder singh, the king and the princess and vanishes. (with thanks to cinemajadoo.com)

The cast of the film was Husn Ara, Anil Kumar, Shanta Patel,P.D.Lal,Gulnar, Agha Shapoor, Anwari, Razia Begum etc. Anwari was the second wife of Music Director Rafiq Ghaznavi and was already divorced. Razia Begum was the elder sister of actress Suraiya Zulfi.

Actor Anil Kumar (Sardar Gul) was born in 1915 at Calcutta.His father had a fruit business. They were from Peshawar (just like Dilip Kumar). He was not much educated but could speak Hindi, Urdu and English fluently. Once he went to Bombay to meet a friend. There he met an old acquaintance, who took him to Sohrab Modi.

The good looking Sardar Gul was liked by Modi and he offered him the lead role in his film ‘ Saed E Havas’-36. Sardar Gul was given the screen name of Chandra Kumar. The film was based on a translation of William Shakespeare’s drama- King John, by Agha Hashra Kashmiri in 1907. Sardar Gul was to get Rs. 200 for this work. The film was a flop and Sohrab Modi refused to pay him more than Rs 50. Annoyed, he left Bombay and returned to Calcutta.

However he came back in 1938 and did his first film with a new screen name Anil Kumar. The film was Talwar ka Dhani-38. Soon he was well known and acted in 10 films in the next 3 years. As the decade of the 40s saw many new actors, producers and directors, he was reduced to Character roles and side roles. By 1950, he was almost like an extra. He did work in many films, but only few films credited him, as his roles were negligible. We find his name in just 30 films, where he was credited, the last such film being Tarzan and Deliailah-64.

He had married an actress named Nurjehan, who left films after their marriage.

Today’s song is a duet sung by Hamida Bano and Miss Kalyani aka Kalyani Bai. This seems to be a comedy song.


Song- Sawa gaz ka ghoonghat nikaal meri joru (Jaadui Angoothhi)(1948) Singers- Hamida Bano, Miss Kalyani, Lyricist- Roopbani, MD- Allah Rakha Qureshi

Lyrics

Sawa gaz ka ghoonghat nikaal meri joru
zamaana buraa hai
ho o
ho o
zamaana buraa hai
haaye raam
Sawa gaz ka ghoonghat nikaal meri joru
zamaana buraa hai
ho ho
ho o
zamaana buraa hai

aankhon mein aankhen na daal
mere pyaare
zamaana buraa hai
ho o
ho o
zamaana buraa hai
aankhon mein aankhen na daal
mere pyaare
zamaana buraa hai
ho o
ho o
zamaana buraa hai

joru hamaari badi bholi bhaali ee ee
joru hamaari badi bholi bhaali ee ee
soorat tumhaaree na gori na kaali
soorat tumhaaree na gori na kaali
tum ho badi bemisaal
meri sakhiyon
zamaana buraa hai
ho o
ho o
zamaana buraa hai
Sawa gaz ka ghoonghat nikaal meri joru
zamaana buraa hai
ho o
ho o
zamaana buraa hai

joru hamaari ki kismat niraali ee ee
joru hamaari ki kismat niraali ee ee
ho gayi budhiya magar goad khaali
ho gayi budhiya magar goad khaali
na munni na godi mein laal
meri pyaari
zamaana buraa hai
ho o
ho o
zamaana buraa hai
Sawa gaz ka ghoonghat nikal meri joru
zamaana buraa hai
ho o
ho o
zamaana buraa hai

swaami hamaare
abhi to hain bachche ae ae
swaami hamaare
abhi to hain bachche ae ae
umar ke bhi chhote
akal ke bhi kachche
umar ke bhi chhote
akal ke bhi kachche
umar ho ?? hazaar
sakhi ree
zamaana buraa hai
ho o
ho o
zamaana buraa hai
Sawa gaz ka ghoonghat nikaal meri joru
zamaana buraa hai
ho o
ho o
zamaana buraa hai


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