Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Protest song’ Category


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5141 Post No. : 17101

Greetings to all the readers of the Blog on the occasion of आजादी का अमृत महोत्सव on the 75th Year of Independence of India today, August 15, 2022. Independence Day is the reminder to all of us about the sacrifices a large number of Indians made during the freedom struggle to achieve independence on August 15, 1947. Thanks to the history books, the present generation is aware of the sacrifices for the independence struggle, made by Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Lala Lajpat Rai, Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal, Shaheed Bhagat Singh, Chandra Shekhar Azad and many more. But lets us not forget to remember hundreds of other freedom fighters whose sacrifices, by and large, remained in anonymity. One such name which I came to know recently was that of Vidyadhari Bai, a tawaif (courtesan) who, apart from composing and singing patriotic songs in her musical performances, she also provided financial and logistic support to freedom fighters.

A few months back, I had purchased Amritlal Nagar’s Hindi book ‘Ye Kothewalian’ (1958) which gives an account of the life of some courtesans of the early 20th Century. In this book, there is a chapter on Vidyadhari Bai of Jesuri in Chandauli block of the then Banaras district. There is also an addenda chapter which gives an account of Mahatma Gandhi’s meeting with some courtesans of Banaras sometime in 1921 during which he advised Vidyadhari Bai to sing nationalist songs while giving her musical performances in big cities and in princely states. Accordingly, she wrote and rendered some patriotic songs in all her concerts. The courtesans of Banaras formed a Tawaif Sabha to support the independence struggle. Husna Bai, one of the prominent courtesans of Banaras chaired the meeting of the Sabha during which she acknowledged that it was at the initiative of Vidyadhari Bai that Tawaif Sabha was formed.

Saba Dewan’s recent book ‘Tawaifnama’ (2019), more or less, confirms that Vidyadhari Bai organised a series of smaller meetings at her home to enthuse other courtesans to the cause of the non-cooperation movement. She was joined in these efforts by another courtesan, Sultana who too had been closely tracking the unfolding political scenario. Both of them prevailed upon Husna Bai to call a meeting of the entire community to work out the details of the agenda. Tawaifs, who actively participated in the mutiny of 1857, would once again have to come forward and contribute their bit to the nationalist cause. This was not just their duty as daughters of India but also the need of the hour if they did not wish to be consigned to the dustbin of history. They also felt that times were changing and tawaifs too would have to keep pace with fast-changing social and political scenarios in India.

Vidyadhari Bai was a contemporary of Gauhar Jaan. She was born in Jesuri village in present Chandauli district. Her grandfather, Purushottam Rai was a musician. There is confusion as to which year she was born – 1874 or 1881? She got musical training from Pandit Ram Sumeru Mishra, a Sarangi player and later from Ustad Naseer Khan of Darbhanga. She started singing in her early teens with Jayadev’s poems. With this, she became so famous that she started getting invitations from royal courts all over India for her concerts. She became the court singer in the court of Raja of Banaras. She excelled in khayaal, taraana, thumri, dadra, tappa, ghazal and bhajans. It is said that her singing voice was so mesmerizing that even the passer-by would be tempted to attend her concerts. She was so popular that in her concerts, to witness her performances, a large number of people were perforce standing in the back due to shortage of space for sitting. Besides Hindi and Urdu, she was a proficient singer in Marathi, Gujarati, Bangla and Punjabi languages.

Vidyadhari Bai was a fashion icon for the ladies of the royal and landlords’ families. However, after Mahatma Gandhi’s call to shun foreign goods, she stopped wearing jewelries and imported cloth. In all her concerts, she would render at least one patriotic song. Probably, she was the first courtesan to perform mujra by singing patriotic songs.

In her native village, Jesuri, Vidyadhari Bai had constructed a one-story bungalow with some out-houses which became the perfect hideout for freedom fighters to avoid arrest from the British police. During this period, she used to provide financial assistance to them besides regularly donating some part of her income for the cause of India’s freedom movements.

In the early 1940s, probably when the old age had caught up with Vidyadhari Bai and with the decline of the tawaif system, she returned to Jesuri and stayed in her house with her brother’s family. Since she used to donate a large part of her earnings for the cause of freedom movements and also help financially the freedom fighters’ families, she did not have much savings during the latter part of her life. During this period, she started teaching musical lessons to students free of charge.

Vidyadhari Bai had a premonition that her end was near. So, she shifted to Mukti Bhavan in Banaras on May 9, 1971. On the very next day, May 10, 1971, she breathed her last in her 90s, unsung and in anonymity. As per her own submission, she did not get any recognition or honor from the Government.

As mentioned earlier, Amritlal Nagar’s ‘Ye Kothewalian’ (1958) included a letter from Vidyadhari Bai about her meeting with Mahatma Gandhi in Banaras. She wrote in the letter that on his suggestion, some courtesans had decided to start their musical performances with renditions of nationalist songs. Lyrics of one such song written and sung by her, “Chun Chun Ke Phool Le Lo” was included in the letter. She said in the letter that she rendered this song in all her performances despite the presence of policemen from the police stations of the areas of her performances for keeping a close watch on the visitors. The song lives on today – it was included in Hindustani classical singer Shubha Mudgal’s album, ‘Swadheenta Samar Geet’ (2008), a collection of songs from the freedom movement.

On the occasion of the 75th Independence Day, I am presenting the same song rendered by Shubha Mudgal. The music was composed by her husband, Aneesh Pradhan. While composing the song, he has used mainly harmonium and tabla probably to give a feel of the period during which Vidyadhari Bai had rendered this song. In 2011, the couple collaborated with theater director Sunil Shanbhag on a musical drama ‘Stories in a Song’, one episode of which recreated Mahatma Gandhi’s meeting with the courtesans of Tawaif Sabha.

This song takes us back to more than a century to recreate a part of the history of India’s freedom movements.

————————————————————————————————————————————————-

Acknowledgements: In addition to the books I mentioned in my article, I am also thankful to ‘Sureele Dinon Ki Daastan’ and Dr. Manish Kumar Mishra for their videos on Vidyadhari Bai which gave some useful additional information on her.

Audio Clip:

Song-Chun chun ke phool le lo (Shubha Mudgal NFS)(2008) Singer-Shubha Mudgal, Lyrics-Vidyadhari Bai, MD-Aneesh Pradhan

Lyrics

aaa aaa aaa aaa aaaa aa
aaa aaa aaa aaa aaaa aa
aaa aaa aaa aaa aaaa aa
aa aa aa aa aaaa

chun chun ke phool le lo o o….o
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye ae
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye ae
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye

aa aa aa aaaaa aa aaaa
ye wo chaman nahi hai….ai ae ae
ye wo chaman nahin hai
lene se ho ujaad
ye wo chaman nahin hai
lene se ho ujaad
ulfat kaa jismen kuchh bhi
ehsaan rah na jaaye
ulfat kaa jismen kuchh bhi
ehsaan rah na jaaye
bhar do jawaan bandon
jailon mein chaahe bhar do
bhar do jawaan bandon
jailon mein chaahe bhar do
maata pe koi hota qurbaan rah na jaaye…..ae
aa aa aa aaaaaaa aaa
aa aa aa aaaaaaa aa
maata pe koi hota qurbaan rah na jaaye
chhal-o-fareb se tum Bharat kaa maal looto
chhal-o-fareb se tum Bharat kaa maal looto
iske liye yaa koi saamaan rah na jaaye
iske liye yaa koi saamaan rah na jaaye
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo….o

Bharat na rah sakega hargij ghulaamkhaana….aaaaaaa aa
Bharat na rah sakega hargij ghulaamkhaana
aazaad hoga hoga
aaya hai wo zamaana
aazaad hoga hoga
aaya hai wo zamaana..aa
khoon khaulne laga hai….ai ae
khoon khaulne laga hai ab Hindustaniyon kaa
khoon khaulne laga hai ab Hindustaniyon kaa
kar denge zaalimon ke band bas jurm dhaana
kar denge zaalimon ke band bas jurm dhaana..aa
qaumi tirange jhande pe jaan nisaar unki
qaumi tirange jhande pe jaan nisaar unki
Hindu Masih Muslim gaate hain ye taraana
Hindu Masih Muslim gaate hain ye taraana
aa aa aaaaa
parwaah ab kise hai…ai ae
parwaah ab kise hai
iss jail-o-daman ki
parwaah ab kise hai
iss jail-o-daman ki
ik khel ho raha hai
phaansi pe jhool jaana
ek khel ho raha hai
phaansi pe jhool jaana
Bharat watan hamaara
Bharat ke ham hain bachche
Bharat watan hamaara
Bharat ke ham hain bachche
maata ke waaste hai manzoor sar kataana
maata ke waaste hai manzoor sar kataana
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye ae
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo….ooo
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye ae
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo………o

————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
————————————————

आ आ आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ आ आ

चुन चुन के फूल ले लो॰॰ओ
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये

आ आ आ आsss आ आsss
ये वो चमन नहीं है॰॰ऐ
ये वो चमन नहीं है
लेने से हो उजाड़
ये वो चमन नहीं है
लेने से हो उजाड़
उल्फ़त का जिस में कुछ भी
एहसान रह ना जाये
उल्फ़त का जिस में कुछ भी
एहसान रह ना जाये
भर दो जवान बंदों
जेलों में चाहे भर दो
भर दो जवान बंदों
जेलों में चाहे भर दो
माता पे कोई होता क़ुरबान रह ना जाये॰॰ए
आ आ आ आsssss आ
आ आ आ आsssss आ
माता पे कोई होता क़ुरबान रह ना जाये
छल औ फरेब से तुम भारत का माल लूटो
छल औ फरेब से तुम भारत का माल लूटो
इसके लिए या कोई सामान रह ना जाये
इसके लिए या कोई सामान रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो॰॰ओ

भारत ना रह सकेगा हरगिज़ ग़ुलामखाना आ आ
भारत ना रह सकेगा हरगिज़ ग़ुलामखाना
आज़ाद होगा होगा
आया है वो ज़माना
आज़ाद होगा होगा
आया है वो ज़माना॰॰आ
खूँ खौलने लगा है॰॰ऐ
खूँ खौलने लगा है अब हिंदुस्तानीओं का
खूँ खौलने लगा है अब हिंदुस्तानीओं का
कर देंगे ज़ालिमों के बंद बस जुर्म ढाणा
कर देंगे ज़ालिमों के बंद बस जुर्म ढाणा॰॰आ
कौमी तिरंगे झंडे पे जां निसार उनकी
कौमी तिरंगे झंडे पे जां निसार उनकी
हिन्दू मसीह मुस्लिम गाते हैं ये तराना
हिन्दू मसीह मुस्लिम गाते हैं ये तराना

आ आ आssss
परवाह अब किसे है॰॰ऐ
परवाह अब किसे है
इस जेल ओ दमन की
परवाह अब किसे है
इस जेल ओ दमन की
इक खेल हो रहा है
फांसी पे झूल जाना
इक खेल हो रहा है
फांसी पे झूल जाना
भारत वतन हमारा
भारत के हम हैं बच्चे
भारत वतन हमारा
भारत के हम हैं बच्चे
माता के वास्ते है मंजूर सर कटाना
माता के वास्ते है मंजूर सर कटाना

ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो॰॰ओ
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो॰॰ओ


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4994 Post No. : 16889

“Mera Ghar Mere Bachche”(1960) was produced and directed by Sohrab Modi for Minerva Movietone, Bombay. The movie had Sohrab Modi, Sulochana Latkar, Sudesh Kumar, Kumari Naaz, Daisy Irani, Charlie, Nana Palsikar, Subi Raj, Bal Raaj, Saadat Ali, Sadhana Chowdhary, Kavita, Jilani, Ketki, Polson, Avtar Singh, Devchand, Razia, Ghulam Mohiuddin, Mohan Jerry etc.

The movie had 9 songs in it. Eight songs have been covered so far.

Here are the details of the song that have been covered so far :-

Blog post number Song Date of post Singer (s)
1969 Bahaaron se poochho mere pyaar ko tum 22 September 2009 Mukhesh, Suman Kalyanpur
2904 Dil mera naache thunak thunak 4 September 2010 Rafi, Suman Kalyanpur, Sita Agrawal
5623 Chanda ke desh mein rehti ek raani 11 March 2012 Mukesh
12169 Wo hi oodi oodi ghataayen hain 1 July 2016 Mukesh
13347 Zulm bhi karte hain aur kehte hain ke fariyaad na kar 19 June 2017 Suman Kalyanpur, Rafi
15863 Peena haraam hai to nigaahen milaa ke pee 4 September 2020 Asha Bhonsle
16050 Le lo jee paanch paanch aane 19 November 2020 Rafi
16870 Galiyaan hain gulzaar yaar aaya karo 11 March 2022 Asha Bhonsle

Here is the ninth and final song from “Mera Ghar Mere Bachche”(1960) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Rafi and chorus. Hasrat Jaipuri is the lyricist. Music is composed by Sardar Malik.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of the song.

Editor’s note:-Prakashchandra has provided the video link, where some additional stanzas are available that are not there in audio link. On the other hand, a couple of stanzas in the adio link are missing in the video link.

The picturisation shows Sudesh Kumar singing this inspirational song to fellow mazdoors in a “saathi haath badhaana” manner which was a popular kind of song in Hindi movies of those days.

With this song, all the songs of “Mera Ghar Mere Bachche”(1960) have been covered in the blog. With it, the movie joins the list of movies that have been YIPPEED in the blog.

Video (Longer)

Audio (shorter)

Song-Chaahe koi zor lagaa le (Mera Ghar Mere Bachche)(1960) Singer-Rafi, Lyrics-Hasrat Jaipuri, MD-Sardar Malik

Lyrics(Provided by Prakashchandra)

zor haqumat paisa rupaiyyaa..aaa
kuchh bhi kaam na aaye ae ae
arrey tan mein mannkee been bajey to o
kaam safal ho jaaye aey ae
(crowd cheering sound)

aa aa aa aa aa
chaahe koi zor laga le
chaahe koi zar(??) laga le
chaahe koi zor laga le
chaahe koi zar(??) laga le
taal bina bejaan hai jeewan
kaam na ban’ne waale
chaahe koi zor laga le
chaahe koi zar(??) laga le
chaahe koi zor laga le
chaahe koi zar(??) laga le
taal bina bejaan hai jeewan
kaam na ban’ne waale
chaahe koi zor lagaale

o ho o o
o ho o o
o o o

saat suron ke saaton raja
josh mein jis dum aaye ae
aa aaa aaa
aaa aaa aaa

saat suron ke saaton raja
josh mein jis dum aaye ae
pathhar pe bagiyaa lehraa dey
mahal khadey ho jaayein
baajey nagaadaa
himmat aaye ae
baajey nagaadaa
himmat aaye
kaam karein dil waaley aey
kaam karein dil waaley
chaahe koi zor laga le
chaahe koi zar(??) laga le
chaahe koi zor laga le
chaahe koi zar(??) laga le
taal bina bejaan hai jeewan
kaam na ban’ne waale
chaahe koi zor laga le

o ho o o ho o o ho o o
aa aaaa aa aaaa
mazdooron ne taaj banaayaa
mehnat ke gun gaayein aen
aaa aaa aa aaa aaa
o ho o o ho o ho
mazdooron ne taaj banaayaa
mehnat ke gun gaayein aen
khoon paseenaa ek karein hum
pul nadiyon pe banaayein
haath hamaarey ae ae
chalti machine aen aen
haath hamaarey ae ae
chalti machiney
kabhi na thakn`ey waaley
kabhi na thakkn`ey waaley
chaahe koi zor laga le
chaahe koi zar(??) laga le
chaahe koi zor laga le
chaahe koi zar(??) laga le
taal bina bejaan hai jeewan
kaam na ban’ne waale
chaahe koi zor laga le

————-Only in audio link——
sun ke bigul ko jaagen sipahi
maidaan mein ban thhan aayen
sun ke bigul ko jaagen sipahi
maidaan mein ban thhan aayen
neele gagan par gaad de jhanda
gairon ko peechhe hataayen
taal ki masti aisi masti
taal ki masti aisi masti
chalte hain fauj rasaale
chalte hain fauj rasaale
chaahe koi zor laga le
chahe koi ?? lagale
chaahe koi zor laga le
chahe koi ?? lagale
taal bina bejaan hai jeewan
kaam na ban’ne waale
chaahe koi zor laga le

ho ho ho ho ho
aa aa aa aa aa

dil ka taara lay se bhara hai
saath mein hai sangeet
aa aa aa aa aa aa
dil ka taara lay se bhara hai
saath mein hai sangeet
lay jo toote duniya chhoote
ga na sake koi geet
lay se hamaari ee
hasti hai zinda
lay se hamaari hasti hai zinda
maanenge duniyaa waale
maanenge duniyaa waale
chaahe koi zor laga le
chaahe koi ?? laga le
chaahe koi zor laga le
chaahe koi ?? laga le
taal bina bejaan hai jeewan
kaam na ban’ne waale
chaahe koi zor laga le
chaahe koi ?? laga le
taal bina bejaan hai jeewan
kaam na ban’ne waale
chaahe koi
chaahe koi zor laga le
chaahe koi ?? laga le

——————————


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4869 Post No. : 16663

“Samaaj Ko Badal Daalo”(1970) was a “social” movie. It as directed by V Madhusudan Rao for Gemini Arts, Madras. The Movie had Ajay Sahni, Prem Chopra, Aruna Irani, Pran, Mehmood, Sharda, Kanchana, Shammi, Naki Jahaan, Kanhaiyalal, David, Pravin Pal, Jayshree Talpade, Baby Brahmaji, Baby Dolly, Manmohan Krishna, Dhumal, Sunder, Muki etc in it.

The movie had eight songs in it. Seven songs have been covered in the past. Here are their details:-

S.No. Song Title Posted On
01 Tum apni saheli ko 17.04.2009
02 Paayal chham chham boley sakhi 02.08.2013
03 Amma ek roti de 06.08.2013
04 Ab akele hi chalna padega 25.10.2014
05 Taaron ki chhaaon mein sapnon ke gaaon mein 25.10.2017
06 Samaaj Ko Badal Daalo 08.03.2020
07 Ye mausam ye khuli hawaa 07.03.2021

The eighth and final song from “Samaaj Ko Badal Daalo”(1970) is literally an “inqilaab zindabad” song. It is a protest song by mill workers against the mill owner (Pran). The song is sung by Rafi, Manna Dey and chorus. Sahir Ludhianvi is the lyricist. Music is composed by Ravi.

The song is lip synced by Ajay Sahni (subsequently known as Parikshat Sahni) in Rafi’s voice and Mehmood in Manna Dey’s voice, respectively.

Lyrics of this song were sent to me by Avinash Scrapwala. One can see that the first song from the movie appeared in the blog in 2009, and the final song is appearing in the blog after the passage of more than 12 years !

With this song, all the eight songs of “Samaaj Ko Badal Daalo”(1970) are covered in the blog and the movie joins the list of movies that have been YIPPEED in the blog.

Video

Audio

Song-Dharti maa ka maan hamaara pyaara laal nishaan (Samaaj Ko Badal Daalo)(1970) Singers-Rafi, Manna Dey, Lyrics-Sahir Ludhhianvi, MD-Ravi
Chorus
Rafi + Manna Dey

Lyrics(Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)

union zindaabaad
inquilaab zindaabaad
union zindaabaad
inquilaab zindaabaad

dharti maa ka maan
hamaaraa pyaaraa laal nishaan
navyug ki muskaan hamaaraa
pyaara laal nishaan
dharti maa ka maan
hamaaraa pyaaraa laal nishaan
navyug ki muskaan hamaaraa
pyaara laal nishaan

poonjiwaad se dab naa sakegaa
ye mazdoor kisaan ka jhandaa
poonjiwaad se dab naa sakegaa
ye mazdoor kisaan ka jhandaa

mehnat ka haq leke rahega
mehnatkash insaan ka jhandaa

mehnat ka haq leke rahega
mehnatkash insaan ka jhandaa

yoddha aur balwaan hamaaraa
pyaara laal nishaan

union zindaabaad
inquilaab zindaabaad
union zindaabaad
inquilaab zindaabaad
dharti maa ka maan
hamaaraa pyaaraa laal nishaan
navyug ki muskaan hamaaraa
pyaara laal nishaan
dharti maa ka maan
hamaaraa pyaaraa laal nishaan
navyug ki muskaan hamaaraa
pyaara laal nishaan

is jhande se saans ukhadti
chor munaafaakhoron ki ee
is jhande se saans ukhadti
chor munaafaakhoron ki

jinhone insaanon ki haalat kar di
jangal dhoron ki

jinhone insaanon ki haalat kar di
jangal dhoron ki

unke khilaaf elaan hamaaraa
pyaara laal nishaan

union zindaabaad
inquilaab zindaabaad
union zindaabaad
inquilaab zindaabaad
dharti maa ka maan
hamaaraa pyaaraa laal nishaan
navyug ki muskaan hamaaraa
pyaara laal nishaan
dharti maa ka maan
hamaaraa pyaaraa laal nishaan
navyug ki muskaan hamaaraa
pyaara laal nishaan

factoriyon ke dhool dhuyen mein
hamne khud ko paalaa aa
factoriyon ke dhool dhuyen mein
hamne khud ko paalaa aa

khoon pilaakar lohe ko
is desh ka bhaar sambhaalaa

khoon pilaakar lohe ko
is desh ka bhaar sambhaalaa

mehnat ke is poojaa ghar par
pad naa sakegaa taalaa aa
mehnat ke is poojaa ghar par
pad naa sakegaa taalaa aa

desh ke saadhan
desh ka dhan hai
jaan le poonjiwaalaa

desh ke saadhan
desh ka dhan hai
jaan le poonjiwaalaa

jeetegaa maidaan hamaaraa
pyaaraa laal nishaan

pyaaraa laal nishaan
union zindaabaad
inquilaab zindaabaad
union zindaabaad
inquilaab zindaabaad
dharti maa ka maan
hamaaraa pyaaraa laal nishaan
navyug ki muskaan hamaaraa
pyaara laal nishaan
dharti maa ka maan
hamaaraa pyaaraa laal nishaan
navyug ki muskaan hamaaraa
pyaara laal nishaan


This article is written by Raja, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day:

4481 Post No. : 15992

Hello everyone,

My appearances here on the blog are becoming increasingly infrequent, not unlike the cameo visits of an MP/MLA to his constituency post-elections. 🙂

I will not get into reasons for my long absence from here – no excuses. Mea culpa.

As usual, my appearance here marks a special occasion.
This time it has to do with Sahir Ludhianvi’s death anniversary.

The legendary poet & lyricist passed away exactly 40 years ago, on the 25th of October 1980.

What can I write about Sahir that I haven’t already written here in previous posts?

Hardly anything, to be honest.

I’ve written so much about him here, on many of his birth and death anniversaries, that anything I write will be repetitive.

And yet I cannot let the occasion go by without marking it with my small contribution here. It has almost become a ritual for me now. 🙂

One thing though.

I might be a big Sahir fan, but I´m nothing compared to Avinash ji.
As usual, he contacted me a few days ago requesting me to do a post for this occasion.

And, as usual, he sent me a song with lyrics.

That was all the motivation I needed to come out of hibernation. 🙂

Prompted by the lyrics of this song, Avinash ji also shared some of this thoughts with me. Wide-ranging reflections on society, politics, media, polarization and other topics.

I must say I agree with his views – sobering thoughts for these times.

So today, perhaps the best tribute I can give Sahir is not to repeat what I’ve said so often about his poetry and lyrics, but to just reflect on where we are as a society, much as Sahir often did.

So kindly bear with me as I share a few thoughts.

You don’t have to agree with me at all – that’s perfectly fine.
We can disagree – and still be friends. 🙂

So if Sahir were around today, how would he have felt about today’s India?

Indian society, politics, media, justice system. . . everything that touches the common man’s life.

Am specifically talking about the common man, because clearly Sahir used his voice most to speak up for the aam aadmi and underprivileged against the powerful.

I’m not sure Sahir would’ve had many kind things to say.

The religious divide he warned us about, the exploitation of women he lamented, the oppression of labor class that he railed against, the caste inequality that he talked about – all of them exist, and even flourish, to this day.

At least in the early years post-independence, one can argue that India was still struggling to find its feet. It was besieged with a whole lot of baggage, including mass illiteracy and mass poverty, a colonial hangover, lack of institutions and infrastructure.

Not that any of this is an excuse to justify oppression, but India was still a baby then, and had huge challenges to deal with on multiple fronts. It had a history of feudalism that ensured a master-slave mentality between the haves and have-nots.

Today, many decades later, it’s not unfair to expect India to have matured more as a democracy. With more concern for people’s rights and freedoms, a greater regard for the dignity of every individual.

And yet how much have we really matured as a democracy?

We keep thumping our chests, claiming to be the world’s largest democracy. But what should democracy really mean?

Many think it is the right to vote.
But is that all there is to a democracy?
The right to vote?
That’s too narrow and limiting a function of a democracy.

For me, in a democracy (as opposed to a dictatorship), each person has a voice, has a right to express an opinion.

In fact, voting is one way of expressing your opinion.
But it’s just ONE way.

When farmers go on a nationwide protest to draw attention to their issues, they are also exercising their right to express themselves.

When citizens protest on the streets against what they believe to be an unfair law, they are similarly exercising their right to express themselves.

As long as the protests are peaceful, they are legitimate in a democracy.

In fact, even before independence, Gandhi ji and other leaders led peaceful protests against colonial rule. So it is nothing new in India.

Many of Sahir’s songs are actually a protest against exploitation by those in power. Imagine if he were not allowed to express his thoughts!

Do we even want such a society?

Do we want everyone to be a blind conformist, not to have independent thoughts of his own, to be fearful of expressing himself, to kowtow to those in power without a murmur?

Then we might as well just call ourselves a nation of slaves.

There’s no point in a nation being free, if its people aren’t.

A nation is nothing without its people.

And people, whether some of us like it or not, have the power to think.

And when they think, they might not exactly think in our way.

Just because we have power, it doesn’t entitle us to stifle their voice.

That goes against the very grain of a democratic mindset, in which each person has a voice.

Unless the person is inciting violence, no one has the right to shut him up.

Not even the State.

If you disagree, put forth a better argument to make your case.

Don’t use your brute power to threaten, intimidate or (in the case of the State)  arrest those you disagree with.
Just because you can.
That’s sheer abuse of power.

This has nothing to do with any particular political party. Many of them are guilty in their own ways of suppressing people’s voices.

If they get their way, what will we end up with?

A people living in fear, afraid to express an opinion that might be frowned upon by those in power.

Everyone becoming a conformist – whether by choice, or out of sheer fear.
In short, a nation of sheep.

Is that what we want?

Let’s pause, and reflect on this for a moment.

Speaking purely for myself, I like to express my views rather openly, even if they’re not exactly reflecting popular sentiment of the moment.

If I have to check myself every time, out of fear for repercussions, I’d feel extremely stifled.

As Sahir would too.

There are many more topics one can reflect on (and Avinash ji’s thoughts traversed many of them), but I’m limiting myself to just this one topic today because it sort of syncs with the song for today. Need to also leave material for future posts on Sahir, right? 🙂

Today’s song from ‘Naach Ghar’ (1959) is  Sahir’s sarcastic piece of advice to society.  “Just observe things happening, but don’t  speak up. Just let them happen. Don’t upset the apple-cart. Even call the dark of night, “day” if you need to”.

I quite like the rendition by Lata Mangeshkar.

Music is by N. Datta, for whom Sahir wrote excellent lyrics also for ‘Dhool Ka Phool’, also a 1959 film. And for ‘Dharmputra’ (1961). So theirs was quite a fruitful partnership.

In fact, I’ve already written a post for a song from Naach Ghar (1959) on the occasion of Sahir’s 500th song on this blog – “Tere Shehron Se Raja Hamen Ban Hi Bhaley

That is a straightforward lament, today’s song is a sarcastic take on society.

I like both songs a lot, but then I’m biased towards Sahir so my opinion should be taken with a truckload of salt. 🙂

So please listen to the song, and judge for yourself.

In closing, I’d like to say Sahir was one of a kind.  They don’t make his type anymore.

 

Song – Ae Dil Zubaan Na Khol (Naach Ghar) (1959) Singer – Lata Mangeshkar, Lyrics – Sahir Ludhianvi, MD – N Datta
Chorus

Lyrics

aye dil zubaan na khol sirf dekh le
kisi se kuchh na bol sirf dekh le
hmm hmm hmm hmm
aye dil zubaan na khol sirf dekh le

ye haseen jagmagaahatein ae
hmm hmm hmm
aanchalon ki sarr saraahatein en
hmm hmm hmm
ye haseen jagmagaahatein ae
hmm hmm hmm
aanchalon ki sarr saraahatein en
aanchalon ki sarr saraahatein
ye nashe mein jhoomti zameen
hmm hmm hmm
sabke paanv choomti zameen
hmm hmm hmm
ye nashe mein jhoomti zameen
hmm hmm hmm
sabke paanv choomti zameen
hmm hmm hmm
kis kadar hai gol sirf dekh le
aye dil zubaan na khol sirf dekh le

kitna sach hai kitna jhooth hai ae
kitna haq hai kitni loot hai
rakhh sabhi ki laaj kuchh na keh
kya hai ye samaaj kuchh na keh
dhol ka ye pol sirf dekh le
aye dil zubaan na khol sirf dekh le

maan le jahaan ki baat ko
hmm hmm hmm
din samajh le kaali raat ko o
hmm hmm hmm
maan le jahaan ki baat ko
hmm hmm hmm
din samajh le kaali raat ko o
hmm hmm hmm
din samajh le kaali raat ko
chalne de yoon hi ye silsilaa aa
hmm hmm hmm
ye na bol kisko kya milaa aa aa
hmm hmm hmm
chalne de yoon hi ye silsilaa aa
hmm hmm hmm
ye na bol kisko kya milaa aa
hmm hmm hmm
taraazuon ka jhol sirf dekh le
aye dil zubaan na khol sirf dekh le

————————————————————
Hindi Script Lyrics
(Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
————————————————————

ए दिल जुबां न खोल सिर्फ देख ले
किसी से कुछ न बोल सिर्फ देख ले
हम्म हम्म हम्म हम्म
ए दिल जुबां न खोल सिर्फ देख ले

ये हसीन जगमगाहटें ए
हम्म हम्म हम्म
आँचलों की सर सराहटें एं
हम्म हम्म हम्म
ये हसीन जगमगाहटें ए
हम्म हम्म हम्म
आँचलों की सर सराहटें एं
आँचलों की सर सराहटें
ये नशे में झूमती ज़मीन
हम्म हम्म हम्म
सब के पाँव चूमती ज़मीन
हम्म हम्म हम्म
ये नशे में झूमती ज़मीन
हम्म हम्म हम्म
सब के पाँव चूमती ज़मीन
हम्म हम्म हम्म
किस कदर है गोल सिर्फ देख ले
ए दिल जुबां न खोल सिर्फ देख ले

कितना सच है कितना झूठ है
कितना हक है कितनी लूट है
रख सभी की लाज कुछ न कह
क्या है ये समाज कुछ न कह
ढोल का ये पोल सिर्फ देख ले
ए दिल जुबां न खोल सिर्फ देख ले

मान ले जहां कि बात को
हम्म हम्म हम्म
दिन समझ ले काली रात को ओ
हम्म हम्म हम्म
मान ले जहां कि बात को
हम्म हम्म हम्म
दिन समझ ले काली रात को ओ
हम्म हम्म हम्म
दिन समझ ले काली रात को
चलने दे यूँही ये सिलसिला आ
हम्म हम्म हम्म
ये न बोल किसी को क्या मिला आ आ
हम्म हम्म हम्म
चलने दे यूँही ये सिलसिला आ
हम्म हम्म हम्म
ये न बोल किसी को क्या मिला आ
हम्म हम्म हम्म
तराजुओं का झोल सिर्फ देख ले
ए दिल जुबां न खोल सिर्फ देख ले


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day: 4334 Post No.: 15630

“Mud Mud Ke Na Dekh”(1960) was directed by Ramesh Tiwari for N C Films, Bombay. This “Social” movie had Bharat Bhushan, Anita Guha, Jeewan, Tiwari, Prem Chopra (debut), Krishnakumari, Bela, Kammo, Helen, Naaz, Mishra, Anwari Bai, Narbada Shankar, Rajinder Kathana, Ratan Gaurang, Nemo, Prakash, Robert etc in it.

The movie had eight songs in it. Seven songs have been covered in the past.

Details of the seven songs covered in the blog are :-

S N Song Post number in blog Date of posting
1 Haseen ho Khudaa to nahin ho 1524 28-June-2009
2 Tere peechhe phirte phirte ho gayaa pooraa saal re 2441 30-Apr-2010
3 Auraton ke dabbe mein mard aa gayaa 2447 3-May-2010
4 Jahaan tu tu tu wahaan main main main 12362 10-Sep-2016
5 Baaghon mein kabootar kaale 13845 28-Dec-2017
6 Ye hai june ka maheena aaye bada hi paseena 15100 1-July-2019
7 Raat kaali jugnu chamken 15614 20-May-2020

Here is the eighth and final song from “Mud Mud Ke Na Dekh”(1960). This song is sung by Asha Bhonsle and Geeta Dutt. At least another unknown female voice is there in addition to chorus. Prem Dhawan is the lyricist. Music is composed by Hansraj Bahl

The song is picturised as a stage song and it is a song with a message as it is against the dowry system.

I am unable to identify the actors seen in the picturisation. I request our knowledgeable readers to help identify them.

With this song, all the eight songs of “Mud Mud Ke Na Dekh”(1960) get covered in the blog and the movie joins the list of movies that have been YIPPEED in the blog.

Audio (Partial)

Video (Full)


Song-Aao aao ladki waalon…dulha bikta beech baazaar (Mud Mud Ke Na Dekh)(1960) Singers-Asha Bhonsle, Geeta Dutt, Unknown female voice, Lyrics-Prem Dhawan, MD-Hansraj Bahl
Chorus

Lyrics

aao aao ladki waalon
ladka mila ?? raha hai
dulhan ke liye dulhe ka daam ho raha hai
ye hai ladka B A
iski bolo boli
ek hazaar
ek nahin bhai
do hazaar
arre do nahin bhai
chaar hazaar
arre chaar bhi kya hai
das hazaar
aji das to kya hai
bees hazaar
bees hazaar
bees hazaar ek
bees hazaar do
bees hazaar teen

dulha bikta beech baazaar
ye hai shaadi ya vyopaar
dulha bikta beech bazaar
ye hai shaadi ya vyopaar
beche pagdi to baabul laaye beti ka singaar
dulha bikta beech bazaar
ye hai shaadi ya vyopaar
beche pagdi to baabul laaye beti ka singaar
dulha bikta beech bazaar
ye hai shaadi ya vyopar

mera ladka M A
iski keemat jo bhi bole
baarah man wo chaandi laaye
sona teen sau tole
satrah jode do sau suit
bahan ki saadi bhai ka boot
ghadi sasur ki saas ka joda
do motor ek baggi ghoda
palang radio aur kaaleen
rang birange sofe teen
ye sab do
ye sab do to kar sakta hoon main kuchh soch vichaar
hai aisi shaadi pe dhikkaar
dhikkaar
dhikkaar

dulha bikta beech bazar
ye hai shadi ya vyopar
beche pagdi to baabul laaye beti ka singaar
dulha bikta beech bazaar
ye hai shaadi ya vyopar

mera ladka anpadh phir bhi keemat poora laakh
laakh to den par kahaan seth ji dulhe ki ??
arre ek haath ka hai ek laakh
do ka leta main do laakh
kyun ladke ki itni fees
hai ye khaandaani raees
chaar sau beeghe hai jaageer
khulegi ladki ki taqdeer
aisa var
aisa var
aisa var na milega chaahe dhoondho sab sansaar
hoye aisi shaadi pe dhikkaar dhikkaar dhikkaar
dulha bikta beech bazaar
ye hai shaadi ya vyopaar
beche pagdi to baabul laaye beti ka singaar
dulha bikta beech bazaar
ye hai shaadi ya vyopaar

kab tak dukhiya baabul apni kanya rakhe kanwaari
roz ye paudha chadhta jaaye
badhe ye jimmewaari
aaj khuda ban baithe hain ye beton ka vyopaari
kya ho sab ghar bar bike bik jaye kapde tan ke
laaunga jo bhi maagoge bete waalon bhihkaari banke
main bhikhaari banke
main bhikhaari banke
main bhikhaari banke ae

motor bangla chaandi sona
haan haan haanji aur kaho na
nakdi laakh nahin to n
sab manzoor hai kahdo haan
acchha to ha,
haan
haan
ja ri ja ri dulhaniya pyaari
tere baabul ne waari tujhpe duniya saari

ja ri ja ri dulhaniya pyaari
(aa aa aa aa aa)
tere baabul ne waari tujhpe duniya saari

hamen bulaa ke ghar pe tumne diya ye dhokha kaisa
laalach buri bala hai
milta hai jaise ko taisa
abhi saza ye kam hi mili hai
bhaago yahaan se laala
warna pakad se pitwaayenge
hum munh karke kaala
upar se daalenge gale mein hum jooton ka haar

rrr
yoon na karna
isse achcha hai marna
kya tumko daulat pyaari
na na ji izzat pyaari
to paaon pe rakh do pagdi
maangoon ne ek bhi damdi
to karlo aaj se tauba
mere to baap ki tauba
kya maan li tumne haar
haan chhoda ji chhoda ye beton ka vyopaar
aisi shaadi pe dhikkaar dhikkaar dhikkaar
dulha bikta beech bazaar
ye hai shadi ya vyopaar
beche pagdi to baabul laaye beti ka singaar
dulha bikta beech bazaar
ye hai shaadi ya vyopaar


This article is written by nahm, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4176 Post No. : 15352

Mohammed Rafi : The Incomparable (II) – Song No. 14
———————————————————

Remembering Mohammed Rafi Sahab on his 95th birth anniversary :

Someone once told me that to become cynical you first had to be an idealist and it was the loss of those ideals that created the disillusionment. But than what is an idealist if not an individual with independent thinking and with the added ability to incorporate diverse ideas. And cynicism is bound to be an integral part of any ideological theory if it seeks to negate the perceived or real concepts of injustice against humanity. Critical analysis of any ideological concepts will possibly make the ideologist a cynic if the said ideology is not perfect enough or as perfect as the ideologist wanted it to be. Cynical person is often very critical of things and situations and their repercussions. While as an idealist, will find a lot to express about the idea rather than focusing on criticism of anything else. That makes cynicism the anti-thesis of idealism. On the other hand, idealism if it seeks to unilaterally implement a social order in a given society is regressive to its intellectual and overall progress as a civilization, since it seeks no introspection and encourages narrow thoughts. Whereas a cynic will look at all things surrounding it and might even be able to look beyond it.

It looks like I want to have my cake and eat it too. Isn’t it ?

Of course, in the complex scheme of nature, nothing is as simple as the above monologue. Things are almost always multi-layered and multi-hued. There is also the matter of view-points, one can put in a blob of prejudices and rigidity. But overall there is also a certain accounting for taste.

I am remembering a word of Urdu which is “zarf”. This word is almost always pre-fixed with “aa’laa” and it becomes “Aa’la Zarf”. Urdu is the language of ‘adab’ i.e. respectfulness and ‘adaab’ i.e. principles. Any student or seeker of these two qualities will end up with the ‘zarf’, which is better taste, with or without the prefix.

It can be as domestic as the idealism of my brother against the cynicism/pragmatism/practicality of my own.

And what does one call people who do not expect anything from anyone? Not loyalty, not goodness of heart, nothing. And these are often the neediest, in terms of attention and togetherness.

This was certainly Rafi sahab. This type of personalities which who have refused to claim any material benefits, were without ambitions or nor made demands on anyone. It must have been so easy to convince him that he has sung so many songs that he can approach the “Guinness book of world record” for singing highest number of songs.

The other day I saw a video on youtube, where the presenter is trying to analyse, what made Mohammed Rafi such an exceptional person. He says this about Rafi Sahab : “ Unhen pata hi nahi thha ke duniya mein sharafat ke ilaawa bhi koyi cheez hai ”. “Sharafat” is too simple a word in my understanding which just is a way of life that includes simplicity, honesty and integrity. But when I googled it, I found nobility, civility, good manners. So my own definition is more integral and personal than google’s definition. To be “Shareef” on personal level is one thing, but to believe that there is no other thing in the world apart from “Sharafat” is another thing altogether. We see quotable quote which say similar things like to think and believe the best about others also. These type of exhortations are common is all social, religious set ups across the board.

To be on that plane where you see the best in others and believe the best about others, discarding all negative notions about anything and anybody, what a blissful state that must be. Rafi Sahab had this inherent quality without trying to achieve it. Truly blessed by the Almighty. Where is the ‘Zarf” in all this ? ‘zarf’ cannot be left behind, because it is also high ideals and values. By all accounts Rafi Sahab never let go of his ‘zarf’, without ever realising those high ideals/values were chronicled widely in literature and philosophies. I hope that he was always giving thanks to the Almighty for these known and unknown blessings. It is a fact that we the ignorant humans are unable to know in what all ways the Almighty has blessed us all.

I am presenting a solo song by Rafi song from the film ‘Mera Geet’ (1946). The composer is Shankar Rao Vyas and Ramesh Gupta is the lyricist. My favourite period for Rafi Sahabs songs in actually 1950’s. It is picturised on Susheel Kumar as per the excel sheet. I am aware that huge no of Rafi songs from 50’s are yet to be posted in the blog. There are a few songs from 40’s also are available for posting. For the last few months I was trying to do the series of ‘Dheere dheere” songs and some other newer songs of post-Rafi era.

Hopefully, the new year we will see more songs by Rafi Sahab in the blog,

The audio link available is reasonably clean and clear, unlike most songs of this period.


Song-Aapas ke jhagdon ne dekho Bharat ko barbaad kiya(Mera Geet)(1946) Singer-Rafi, Lyrics-Ramesh Gupta, MD-Shankar Rao Vyas

Lyrics

aapas ke jhagdon ne dekho
bharat ko barbaad kiya
jinka thha mohtaaj zamaana
aaj unhen mohtaaj kiya
aapas mein ham rahen jhagadte
gairon ne aa raaj kiya
jinka thha mohtaaj zamaana
aaj unhen mohtaaj kiya

kabhi mere iss bharaat mein bhi jee
doodh ki nadiyan behti thhi
thhi doodh ki nadiyaan behti thheen
dhan dhaan ke thhe kothhaar bhare
aanand mein duniya rehti thhi
dhan dhaan ke thhe kothhaar bhare
aanand mein duniya rehti thhi
thha kuber ka bhandaar yahaan
heeron ki hoti kheti thhi
mitti ka sonaa bantaa thha
anmol yahaan ki reti thhi
mitti ka sonaa bantaa thha
anmol yahaan ki reti thhi
aaj ussi gulshan ko dekho
kusum(?) ? ? ka raaj kiya
jinka thha mohtaaj zamaana
aaj unhen mohtaaj kiya

kabhi mere gulshan ki daaliyaan
hari bhari lehraati thhin
haan hari bhari lehraati thhin
jhoom jhoom ke sundar kaliyaan
geet suhaane gaati thheen
jhoom jhoom ke sundar kaliyaan
geet suhaane gaati thheen
thhaa saraswati ka vaas yahaan
daulat insaan ki daasi thi
thhey roz naye tyohaar yahaan
har roz deewaali aati thhi
thhey roz naye tyohaar yahaan
har roz deewaali aati thhi
sur mein thhe sab saaz mere
ye kis ne besur aaj kiya
jinka thha mohtaaj zamaana
aaj unhen mohtaaj kiya

naye taraane sunte sunte
bhool gaye ham apnaa taal
gairon ke sang chalte chalte
bhool gaye ham apni chaal
aish mauj fashion mein phans kar
aaj huaa bhaarat kangaal
aaj huaa bhaarat kangaal
roti roti khade pukaaren
bhaarat maa ke laakhon laal
roti roti khade pukaaren
bhaarat maa ke laakhon laal
roti eee
roti eee
roti eeee


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4129 Post No. : 15287

Today’s song is from a Musically Iconic film Bazaar-1949.

The film was made by Madhukar Pictures. It was based on a story by K.Amarnath, who also directed this film.The 16 songs of the film were written by Qamal Jalalabadi and the Music Director was Shyam Sundar- one of my favourite composers in Hindi.

1949 was the best year in the Golden Era of HFM. There were so many films offering evergreen, out of this world songs, that the audience did not know which film to see and which song to be heard. The sale of records registered a Record of Sales in 1949. 157 films were made in 1949. Barring the figure of 181 films in 1947 ( we know the reasons), 1949 produced the maximum films from 1931 to 1984 – a period of 50++ years. What’s more, almost every alternate film gave superb songs. Nearly every Music Director of Hindi films was present in 1949, with his film.

This was also a transition period, when older composers were giving way to newer ones. Additionally, the competition between Naushad and C Ramchandra for the Number One position was on its peak. Though CR is my favourite composer, during the period 47 to 49, it was all the way Naushad who was the undisputed Numero Uno as far as quality and number of hit films were concerned. Here is a chart…

composer Year Number of films Hit films
C Ramchandra 1947 8
1948 3
1949 7
Total 18 4
Naushad 1947 2
1948 3
1949 4
Total 9 8

In this period Naushad’s strike rate of Hit films was more than double, compared to C Ramchandra percentagewise.

The year 1949 had absolutely heavenly showers of Musical Films. Some of such films were Andaz, Badi Behan, Barsaat, Bazaar, Dulari, Jeet, Apna Desh, Chandni Raat, Chaar Din, Sunehre Din, Shayar, Dillagi, Ek thi ladki, Kaneez, Laadli, Lahore, Mahal, Namoona, Patanga etc etc. The year 1949 also witnessed the introduction of A and U Censor certificates, the establishment of Films Division, the start of Navketan productions of Anand brothers and few other landmarks in Hindi film industry.

The cast of bazaar -49 was Nigar Sultana, Shyam, Gope, Cuckoo, Badri prasad, Yakub etc etc. Shyam was a very handsome actor. However, just like Ashok kumar, he too was first rejected in the screen test by Bombay Talkies. In the case of Ashok kumar, this rejection was overruled by Himanshu Rai- owner of Bombay Talkies and he became a Hero immediately. In case of Shyam, he had to wait for some more time.

Sunder Shyam Chadda (20 February 1920 – 25 April 1951) was born in Sialkot, now in Pakistan on February 20, 1920. Shyam’s grand father was a village Patwari, while his father worked as a store keeper with the Indian medical Service. So the young Shyam had to keep moving with his father in different cantonment towns of Punjab. A graduate from the Punjab University Shyam had a great fascination for films right from early childhood. It was Shyam’s uncle, late Tarachand Chadha, a subedar with the British Army who convinced Shyam’s father to allow Shyam to join the film line. Shyam came to Poona and worked with Prabhat cinema and stayed in lane no-9 Prabhat road in Adhar Bungalow.
In 1941 Shyam was called for a screen test by Bombay Talkies but met with no success. Determined to work in films, he took up the job of assistant director to JK Nanda and appeared in a Punjabi picture from Lahore. Shyam’s first film was Mann ka meet-44. Saigal’s death in 1947 created a void in the film world which was soon filled up by one of the leading heroes of those times, Ashok Kumar. Shyam ruled the world of celluloid from 1948 and 1951, when he was killed in a tragic accident.

With super hits like Dillagi, Patanga, Kaneej, Samadhi, Man Ka Meet and Shabistan under his belt, Shyam had scaled dizzying heights of super stardom in his late 20s. He was a true achiever in every sense of the word.

After Dillagi, in which he stared opposite Suraiya, which was released in 1949, he shot to stardom with the popular song Tu Mera Chand Mai Teri Chandni, a rage in those days.( this song was sung by singer Shyam kumar and not by actor Shyam)

He married a Muslim, Mumtaz Qureshi (nickname “Taji”), with whom he had a daughter, Pakistani TV actress Sahira Kazmi, married to actor Rahat Kazmi, and a son named Shakir (born two months after his death), a psychiatrist based in UK. His wife migrated to Lahore, Pakistan, after his premature death in 1951, along with her elder sister, Zeb Qureshi, who was an actress in Bombay. Mumtaz later married a gentleman, Ansari after Shyam’s death.

He acted with Munawar Sulltana in many films like Kaneez and Majboor. A highly educated person, Shyam wrote an article for Blitz, a leading film magazine of those times on his favourite heroines. He was a close personal friend of Saadat Hasan Manto and was the inspiration of many of his stories. Even after partition, their bond of friendship endured.

He died after a nasty fall from horseback, at the young age of 30 when destiny snuffed the life out of this versatile actor. It was an ill-fated day when he was shooting for Filimistan’s Shabistan directed by Vibhuti Mitra at Ghodbunder road near Borivali when the reins of the horse slipped from Shyam’s hand. He was thrown off the horse and received major injuries on his head and was rushed to the Bombay Hospital where he succumbed to his wounds.

Fans from all over thronged to pay their respects to their loved hero at the Sonapur crematorium at the Bombay Kings road.

Even the BMC (Bombay Municipal Corporation) named the place where Shyam stayed in Chembur as Shyam Park. Though younger than Ashok Kumar , he played roles of the latter’s elder brother. After Ashok Kumar, Dilip Kumar, Raj Kapoor and Dev Anand , Shyam and Rehman are remembered most for their contribution to the field of Hindi cinema.

Shyam is incidentally survived by Younger brother, Harbans Chadha. Shyam was fond of his daughter Sahera but he did not live long to see his son, who was born a couple of month after his death. His son Shakir, who now lives in Pakistan with his mother Taji, who had migrated there after partition.

Filmography of Shyam’s films as a lead hero:

1948-Majboor,Shikayat,Bazaar,Chandani Raat,
1949- Char Din, Dada, Dillagi, Kaneez, Naach, Patanga, Raat Ki Rani,
1950- Choti Bhabiu, Meena Bazaar, Nirdosh, Samadhi, Sangeeta, Suraj Mukhi, Wafa , Kale Badal,
1951- Shabistan
Shyam acted in 24 films, in all.

There are many versions of how Shyam died during the shooting. However , here is the report from an eye witness, who was present there on that day and this happened before his eyes. The horse Shyam rode, was owned by him.

Jimmy Bharucha, one of the best Horse Trainers in India, had himself been trained in foreign countries. He had opened a Horse Training School in Poona. Yesteryear actor SHYAM was one of his earliest students. For all his films, Shyam used the same horse from Bharucha. Actor Shyam had died while doing a stunt for film Shabistan-51.

Whenever he talked about Shyam, Bharucha got emotional. The truth about Shyam’s death….

That fateful day, Shyam was in a very cheerful mood. He joked with other artists as usual. The film was SHABISTAN. He had to do a stunt scene on a horse. His double was kept ready. However Shyam insisted on doing that dangerous shot himself that day. The scene started and was also completed successfully. There was a round of applauding claps.

Shyam was getting down from the horse and suddenly,the horse started running. Shyam’s foot got stuck in the stirr-up and he was dragged some distance before people ran and stopped the horse. Shyam was unconscious. He was immediately taken to the hospital, but he died-with his make up and costume still on him ! ( from an article by Vasant Bhalekar in book ‘Ruperi Smaran Yatra’ by Prof. Subhash Savarkar and article ‘Anipals’ by Mala Doshi ).

Film Bazaar was released on 4-3-1949 at Excelsior Cinema in Bombay. The Film India magazine of May 1949 had published a review of this film. Once for a change, Baburao Patel had good words about a film and its music. The story of the film, as outlined in this review is this…

An impecunious poet, Parwana (Shyam), runs away from home in company with his pal Jagu (Gope) to join a theatrical company. On the way, they come across a gypsy camp and Jagu succeeds in picking up Koel (Cuckoo), a gypsy dancer, as his sweetheart. Parwana and Jagu soon cross swords with Khanna ( Yakub) of Khanna Theatres, whose main attraction is Bijli ( NIgar Sultana), a beautiful and temperamental dancer. Bijli is attracted by Parwana’s poetry and physique and we soon see Parwana, Jagu and Koel working in Khanna Theatres.
Parwana and Bijli begin to love each other and Khanna doesn’t like the look of things, being himself in love with Bijli. Things soon reach a show-down stage and Bijli walks out of Khanna Theatres arm-in-arm with Parwana and his stooges. The new team tries to start its own theatre business, but the love-stricken Khanna becomes vindictive and with his influence and money hounds them out from place to place till Parwana and Bijli are ruined and heartbroken. In a desperate attempt to save Parwana’s poetic soul, Bijli, sacrificing her love for him, compromises matters with Khanna, who helps to put Parwana on the stage once again. But, Parwana needs more than mere success to feel happy and very soon he returns heartbroken to his parental home, a sadder but wiser man.

Now Parwana dedicates himself to national service and we soon come to the climax, in which Khanna, realizing the intensity of Bijli’s love for Parwana, gracefully gives her up and all rush to a public meeting for their individual professions and confessions. Evidently, anyplace seems to be good enough for the Punjabis to vomit their love and a large crowd does not deter Bijli from vomiting her love for Parwana on a public platform. It ends well.

Film Bazaar was remade as ‘Naya Andaz-1956’ starring Kishore kumar and Meena kumari . This film also had excellent music by O P Nayyar. Interestingly, this film also was directed by same K.Amarnath only.

Film Bazaar-49 had 16 songs. 14 are already discussed here. Today’s song is the 15th song.( I am surprised how this song remained uncovered so long. May be my good luck !) . The only song now remains to be covered is ” Nazar se mil jayegi nazar”. HFGK is silent about its singer, but also has a note that this song was removed from the film. This song’s record number is also not given, leading to a guess that, may be this song, having been removed from film, was not made into a record. In that case, today’s song is the last song of this film to be covered. Worth thinking.


Song- Maang raha hai Hindustan Roti Kapda aur Makaan (Baazaar)(1949) Singer- Mohd. Rafi, Lyricist- Qamar Jalalabadi, MD- Shyamsunder
Chorus

Lyrics

watan ki raah mein jo moti lutaaye jaate hain aen
to motiyon se jawaahar banaaye jaate hain aen
tu dekh Dilli mein jaa kar samaadh Baapu ki
ke is pe phool nahin
dil chadhaaye jaate hain

maang raha hai Hindustan
Roti kapda aur makaan
Roti kapda
Roti kapda aur makaan
maang raha hai

millon mein jaao aur dekho
millon mein jaao aur dekho
kya hai Hindustan
dekh ke bangle mein raunaq
dekh ke bangle mein raunaq
mazdoor ka ghar veeraan aan
maang raha hai Hindustan
Roti kapda aur makaan
Roti kapda
Roti kapda aur makaan
maang raha hai

kheton mein jaao aur dekho
kya hai Hindustan
kheton mein jaao aur dekho
kya hai Hindustan
zameendaar ke bhare hain kothe
zameendaar ke bhare hain kothe
bhookhha mare kisaan
maang raha hai Hindustan
Roti kapda aur makaan
Roti kapda
Roti kapda aur makaan
maang raha hai

mehlon mein jaao aur dekho
mehlon mein jaao aur dekho
daawat ka saamaan
neeche raste par soya hai
neeche raste par soya hai
ik bhookha insaan aan
maang raha hai Hindustan
Roti kapda aur makaan
Roti kapda
Roti kapda aur makaan
maang raha hai

Hindustan ko aaj banaa den
aisa Hindustan
sab ko mile roti kapda
sab ko mile makaan


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3783 Post No. : 14764 Movie Count :

4037

Today’s song is from film ‘Holi’ (1940). It is written by DN Madhok and composed by Khemchand Prakash. This duet is sung by Sitara Devi and Kantilal.

When silent films started talking, it became imperative for the film makers to recruit only those artistes who could sing on screen. In this compulsion, most of the times, the composers had to compromise on the singing ability of the artistes, because for the artistes, acting was primary and singing was secondary. Barring the born, natural singers like Noorjehan, KL Saigal, Khursheed, Surendra and few others, the rest of the singers in the film industry were all ‘make do’ types. In the early era, till about the beginning of the 40’s decade, the music directors had a tough time getting songs sung by these so called ‘singers’. May be, that is the reason why we find that many composers also sang when the playback started.

Almost all the heroes and heroines (with the sole exception of Jairaj – who was an ‘Aurangzeb’ in music) willy-nilly sang even after the playback singing had firmly set in. Pure and exclusive singers like Lata, Asha, Geeta, Rafi, Mukesh and Talat started occupying their legitimate place in playback singing in films from the mid 1940s onward. At the same time, slowly and steadily singing by the actors and actresses diminished, and by the dawn of the 1950’s decade, playback singing was rooted firmly. In my opinion, this was also one of the major reasons of ‘Golden Period of Film Music’ blossoming from around 1947-48 onward. Due to the availability of playback singers, actors started acting wholeheartedly and composers got new energy and they concentrated on making good music rather than breaking their heads on teaching the ‘pseudo-singers’ how to sing their songs ! In one of the interviews, Naushad had expressed his relief from getting song sung by non-singers !!

Singers like Ishwarlal, Kantilal, AR Oza, Vatsala Kumthekar etc were part actors and part singers. Thus we find that very rarely any song sung by these part time singers became an evergreen song. I can, however, think of only one song- “Zindagi Ka Saaz Bhi Kya Saaz Hai, Baj Raha Hai Aur Be-awaaz Hai” by Naseem Bano in film ‘Pukar’ (1939). She had sung it well and the composer Meer Sahab too should get some credit for its composition. But such cases are rare. Mohd. Rafi’s case in this connection can be quoted. After the regular playback singers became composers’ first choice, one by one the ‘part time’ singers closed their shops ! See here how Rafi did it.

Mohd. Rafi, no doubt, was a versatile singer. Like Lata, when he came on the scene of playback singing – after considerable hard work and struggle, he replaced the old singers who sang in the films, one by one.

  • Ashok kumar’s singing spree stopped when Rafi sang for him in film ‘Saajan’ (1947).
  • Ishwarlal stopped singing when Rafi sang for him in film ‘Sharbati Aankhen’ (1945).
  • Shahu Modak stopped after ‘Chakradhari’ (1954).
  • WM Khan after ‘Aalam Ara’ (1956).
  • Master Nissar after ‘Boot Polish’ (1954)
  • GM Durrani after ‘Lal Pathar’ (1971)
  • Karan Dewan after ‘Duniya’ (1949).
  • Noor Mohammed Charlie after ‘Zameen Ke Taare’ (1960).
  • Balak Ram after ‘Shri Ram Bharat Milan’ (1965).
  • Moti Sagar after ‘Paak Daman’ (1957).
  • Man Mohan Krishna after ‘Basant Bahar’ (1956).

Mohd. Rafi even sang for some composers who used to sing in films,

  • SN Tripathi – ‘Pawanputra Hanuman’ (1957).
  • Snehal Bhatkar – ‘Baawre Nain’ (1950) (he was doing a beggar’s role in this film)
  • Sudhir Sen – ‘Saat Phere’ (1970).

By the way, Rafi was the only male playback singer who sang with all 3 major singer actresses

  • Noorjehan – ‘Jugnu’ (1947).
  • Khursheed – ‘Aage Badho’ (1947)
  • Suraiya – they have sung together in 13 films

The female singer in today’s song is Sitara Devi (8-11-1920 to 25-11-2014), the well known Kathak dancer. Her life story is available freely on the internet. She was bestowed the title of ‘Nritya Samragni’  by Ravindranath Tagore, in 1936, when she was just 16 year old. Sitara is also famous for her multiple marriages. She was the one who refused to accept ‘Padma Bhushan’ honour, stating that she deserves nothing less than ‘Bharat Ratna’ alone ! She had taught Kathak Dance to younger actresses like Madhubala, Rekha, Mala Sinha and Kajol.

The male singer in today’s song is Kantilal. KANTILAL CHHAGANLAL PACHCHIGAR was born on 18-4-1907 in Surat, Gujarat. Due to inherent interest in music, after college education he came to Bombay to try film singing. His first film was ‘Bulbul e Paristan’ (1934) from Vishnu Cinetone. Kikubhai Yagnik was the MD. Kantilal sang 2 songs in it. In 1935, he acted, sang and gave music to ‘Preet Ki Reet’ (1935). He sang 6 songs. He also gave music in ‘Punjab Ka Sinh’ (1936) and also in ‘Gul Badan’ (1937). From 1937 to 1941, he was with Ranjit Movietone and acted and sang in 16 films. He sang 40 songs under Khemchand Prakash and Gyan Dutt.

Then came ‘Gazi Salahuddin’, ‘Kangan’, ‘Holiday In Bombay’ and ‘Kanchan’. Kantilal sang 60 songs in 24 films under 5 MDs. Some of his films were, ‘Toofaani Toli’, ‘Ban Ki Chidiya’, ‘Billi’, ‘Gorakh Aaya’, ‘Prithviputra’, ‘Adhoori Kahaani’, ‘Nadi Kinaare’, ‘Aaj Ka Hindusthan’, ‘Achhoot’, ‘Diwali’, ‘Holi’, ‘Musafir’, ‘Pardesi’, ‘Sasural’, ‘Shaadi’ etc.

In 1943, he married Ushaben and acted in Gujarati films and dramas. He passed away on 17-6-1971.

Khemchand Prakash (12-12-1907 to 10-8-1950) was a very talented composer, but unfortunately  most of his career, he dealt with average singers. Whenever he got opportunity to make songs for real singers like Saigal (‘Tansen’ and ‘Bhanwara’), Khursheed, Kishore ( ‘Ziddi’ and ‘Muqaddar’), Lata (‘Mahal’) and Rajkumari, his songs became famous and very popular. Today’s song is sung by the so called part time singers, but they have tried their best in it.

With this song film ‘Holi’ (1940) makes its debut on the blog.

 


Song – Dhanwaalon Ki Duniya Hai Ye, Nirdhan Ke Bhagwaan  (Holi) (1940) Singer – Kantilal, Sitara Devi, Lyrics – DN Madhok, Music – Khemchand Prakash
Kantilal + Sitara Devi

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

dhanwaalon ki duniya hai ye
nirdhan ke bhagwan
dhanwaalon ki duniya hai ye
nirdhan ke bhagwan

nirdhan teri
nirdhan ka main
nirdhan teri
nirdhan ka main
ek anokhi shaan
ek anokhi shaan

do din ki ye mast jawaani
do din ki ye mast jawaani
do din ka ye roo..oop
ek mundere chaanv hai aayi
ek mundere dhoo..oop
bhole panchhi is pinjre ka
bhole panchhi is pinjre ka
jhootha tere maan
haa..aan
jhootha tere maan
haa..aan
dhanwaalon ki duniya hai ye
nirdhan ke bhagwan

ret ke mahal bana kar moorakh
ret ke mahal bana kar moorakh
in mein kiya baseraa. . .
ek fanaa ke jhonka aaya
kooch hua sab dera
ret ke mahal bana kar moorakh
ret ke mahal bana kar moorakh
in mein kiya baseraa. . .
ek fanaa ke jhonka aaya
kooch hua sab dera
jhootha jeevan ka iktaara
jhootha jeevan ka iktaara
jhoothi us ki taa..aan
dhanwaalon ki duniya hai ye
nirdhan ke bhagwan
dhanwaalon ki duniya hai ye
nirdhan ke bhagwan

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-

धनवालों की दुनिया है ये
निर्धन के भगवान
धनवालों की दुनिया है ये
निर्धन के भगवान

निर्धन तेरी
निर्धन का मैं
निर्धन तेरी
निर्धन का मैं
एक अनोखी शान
एक अनोखी शान

दो दिन की ये मस्त जवानी
दो दिन की ये मस्त जवानी
दो दिन का ये रू॰॰प
एक मुंडेरे छाँव है आई
एक मुंडेरे धू॰॰प
भोले पंछी इस पिंजरे का
भोले पंछी इस पिंजरे का
झूठा तेरे मान
हाँ॰॰आँ
झूठा तेरे मान
हाँ॰॰आँ
धनवालों की दुनिया है ये
निर्धन के भगवान

रेत के महल बना कर मूरख
रेत के महल बना कर मूरख
इन में किया बसेरा॰ ॰ ॰
एक फना का झोंका आया
कूच हुआ सब डेरा
रेत के महल बना कर मूरख
रेत के महल बना कर मूरख
इन में किया बसेरा॰ ॰ ॰
एक फना का झोंका आया
कूच हुआ सब डेरा
झूठा जीवन का इकतारा
झूठा जीवन का इकतारा
झूठी उसकी ता॰॰आन
धनवालों की दुनिया है ये
निर्धन के भगवान
धनवालों की दुनिया है ये
निर्धन के भगवान


This article is written by Raja, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3751 Post No. : 14716

The Hindi film industry has seen many legends in its 100+ years of existence. Giants in their chosen field, revered by not just their generation but by generations that followed. They have a very fond place in the hearts of film lovers, who are eternally thankful for their immense contribution to cinema. They all recognise the the world of cinema would be much the poorer without this contribution.

One such legend, and one who probably elevates the worth of the term “legend”, is, without doubt, yesteryear poet and lyricist, Sahir Ludhianvi.

Today (25 october 2018)happens to be his death anniversary – and, as we’ve done on previous occasions, we pay our humble tribute to him today.

Among various artistes that I’ve written about on this blog, Sahir has probably featured the most, alongside Rafisaab. I’ve written many times about him, on his birth and death anniversaries.

And yet, I’m never bored while discussing Sahir. Yes, readers of my posts might get bored 🙂 – but I’m not.

Whenever I write about him, I feel a rush of energy in my body. The content might be repetitive, but the huge regard I have for him overcomes everything else.

Sahir’s status as poet and lyricist extraordinaire is established beyond debate. He might not have been the most popular person around (and that’s the understatement of the millennium!) but even his most ardent critics would have to grudgingly acknowledge the sheer magic of his poetry.

Such is the richness of the treasure trove that he has left us that no post can do justice to it. In previous posts on him, I have often listed some of his songs – the sheer power of many of them transports you to a different world. Yes, there’s much more to a song than just its lyrics – but with Sahir, you could be assured that the lyrics never missed your attention.

Sahir’s lyrics were a direct reflection of his personality. He had strong views on various aspects of life and society, on relationships, on politics – and never hesitated to let the world know of them. It was as if he was waiting for an opportunity to use his poetry and lyrics to convey the message that Sahir, the person, wanted to get across to the world.

Thus, when you listened to “zindagi bheekh mein nahin milti, zindagi badh ke chheeni jaati hai”, you felt it was Sahir exhorting you to demand your rights in life.

Or even, later in life, when he was disillusioned with the way things were going in his life, “main pal do pal ka shaayar hoon”.

Sahir had a very strong sense of justice and injustice in society. Early in life, when called upon to choose between his mother and his far wealthier father, he chose his mother. Till her very end, he was totally devoted to her. Many of his songs reflect the loving relationship between a mother and child.

Throughout his life, Sahir spoke out against injustice and tyranny. He spoke for the underprivileged, the marginalized, the labour class. He tried to show society a mirror, however ugly it looked. He was trenchant in his criticism of the state of affairs – “Samaj ko badal daalo” was one of his lines.

Sahir’s lament about the pathetic state of living for the poor in India is well illustrated in the poignant songs of Pyaasa (1957). “Yahaan par to jeewan se hai maut sasti” he wrote, following it up with “ye duniya agar mil bhi jaaye to kya hai”. “Jinhe naaz hai Hind par wo kahaan hain”, he said.

Continuing in this refrain, he went satirical, writing “Cheen-o-Arab hamara, Hindustan hamara, rehne ko ghar nahin hai, saara jahaan hamaara” for Phir Subah Hogi (1958).

Each line, one could feel, coming straight from the heart.

There were other aspects also that Sahir was concerned about and discussed in his lyrics. Hindu-Muslim unity for example. Always a sensitive topic, and even more so in the years following independence. But Sahir was never one to shy away from a topic – his lines “tu Hindu banega na Musalmaan banega” are some of the greatest lines of Hindi cinema.

The other thing that bothered Sahir greatly was the treatment of women in Indian society. He was deeply disturbed by the lack of respect accorded to women, thanks to a patriarchal society that privileged men over women. Sahir minced no words while lamenting this – his “aurat ne janam diya mardon ko” is a classic in Hindi cinema, with its entire theme revolving around women and how they have been treated by men in India.

It is therefore only fitting that on his death anniversary, the song picked for the blog reflects his thoughts on this topic. The song is “Seeta bhi jahaan sukh paa na saki” from Lakshmi (1982). The film was released after Sahir’s death – in fact, the film starts with a tribute to Sahir.

This song was one of several songs proposed to me for this write-up by Avinashji. As usual, he has been kind enough to prepare the lyrics for this song.

Though this song is not all that well-known, certainly not as well known as “aurat ne janam diya mardon ko”, its words are trademark Sahir. Typical of him, in this song too, he laments the way women have been treated in Indian society. But this time he uses Seeta as his example, saying even she could not find happiness on this earth. He says women have forever suffered, and in today’s world, there isn’t even a Valmiki to give a Seeta refuge in time of need. She has to fend for herself all alone, and constantly seek to avoid the predatory eye of men around her.

Talking of the predatory eye, I cannot help talking about one of the hottest topics right now in India – at least in urban India and on social media. And that is the #MeToo movement. I’m sure Sahir would have had something to say about it, had he been around. So I’m taking the liberty of sharing my thoughts on the subject.

The #MeToo movement, in my opinion, is primarily about those who have been sexually abused and harassed, coming out with their story. While these are mostly women, it is not necessarily limited to women alone. There have been a few cases of men too coming out with their horrific stories. At the moment, it is largely focussed on workplace harassment, but there’s no reason it couldn’t go way beyond that.

It is a fact that, mainly thanks to our patriarchal society, there is a huge power imbalance between men and women in India. This actually exists around the world, but the patriarchy makes it much worse in India.

Power, as we all know, is a hugely corrupting and intoxicating drug. So it is not at all surprising that those in power, mostly men, would tend to exploit those they have power over, mostly women. This shouldn’t come as a surprise to anybody.

What makes it worse, as if to add insult to injury, Indian society is also unforgiving towards women in this respect. Instead of being supportive, it tends to blame the victim. Even the woman’s own family make her feel guilty for what is essentially a man’s wrongdoing. She is often gaslighted into thinking that it is somehow her fault, that she invited it. She is encouraged to just be quiet about it, since “the honour of the family” might be at stake.

If she is a working woman, she might even be encouraged to stop working. Many women have fallen out of the workforce in India for this reason alone.

Then again, thanks to the power imbalance, she is up against it if she even chooses to seek justice through the justice system. To even make a complaint to the police, to get an FIR registered is a huge challenge. When you’re complaining about a more powerful party, the system will bend towards that party. The police will either discourage you from giving your complaint, or will mock you, or will flatly refuse to write an FIR.

If you do get past the police hurdle, you still have the rest of the justice system to deal with. Courts which will insist on evidence – which in most cases of this sort is just not available.

Besides, the other party being much more powerful, he can ensure your life is made miserable.

So justice through the normal justice system (which is often referred to as “due process”) is almost always a pipedream.

To help matters, at least in the workplace, new legislation was brought in in 2013, replacing the earlier Vishakha guidelines which laid out steps to be taken at a workplace to deal with sexual harassment complaints. An employer is supposed to set up an Internal Complaints Committee (ICC) and so on.

I won’t go into all the details, but the reality is that many employers have not even set this up. And even where this is theoretically in place, women who have complained have failed to get justice. On the contrary, it has boomeranged on them – they’ve been marked as “trouble-makers” in the organisation. Remember, they are complaining about someone who is almost invariably in a higher power position in the company.

With this being the stark reality, whether we like it or not, is it surprising that many women have just kept their pain buried within themselves? They have tolerated harassment but not brought it out in the open. Maybe they didn’t want to jeopardize their careers – after all, it is the woman who tends to bear the brunt of any negative fallout in these matters.

But now we have #MeToo.

Some women at least have decided enough is enough. It is not their shame to bear, so why should they? So they have decided to come out with their story. It is cathartic for them – it must be so hard to keep this buried within you for years.

Some of them have disclosed their identity, some have not. Some have disclosed the identity of the predator, some have chosen not to specifically name him (although there are usually enough hints in their story). It’s upto each person to decide what level of comfort she has – no one can demand she behave in a particular way.

One complaint about #MeToo is that many of these stories are coming out after many years. Ten years, even twenty years. Why didn’t they come out earlier? How can we possibly believe something that might or might not have happened a decade ago?

I feel this is unreasonable. I’ve already explained how the odds are stacked against the woman – the situation was even worse a decade ago. Besides, when women have been constantly shamed, why would they invite further ridicule by complaining, especially when they have no hope of justice?

It is only now, that thanks to the #MeToo movement, they are coming out with their story – hoping to get closure if nothing else. If they get justice, great – if not, at least they’re hoping for closure.

Many have complained that outing men on social media is not the right way to go about this. That women should follow due process – that is, go through the justice sytem of police and courts, or through the workplace structures for this purpose.

And that has worked, right? After trying all that, and hitting their heads against a wall, women have finally chosen social media as their hope for getting their message across. And who can blame them? It’s not like they didn’t want due process – it is that “due process” failed them completely.

Another criticism of #MeToo is that it is often just accusation, without evidence. And no court can possibly accept that. There’s a chance that an innocent person is maligned out of malice or whatever other reason, and his reputation totally destroyed by a #MeToo accusation.

Yes, this is possible. In the spate of accusations, it is possible that some are fake too. Which is why every accusation needs to be attempted to be vetted to the extent possible. Having said that, it is also very unreasonable and unrealistic to expect evidence in cases of sexual harassment, because of its very nature. It tends to happen behind closed doors. So there will be many cases where such evidence is just not available.

Yet another criticism is that #MeToo is about the urban elite and about sometimes seemingly trivial harassment, while women in rural India suffer far worse.

I think this is unfair. Yes, rural women suffer harassment too – possibly much more. Does that mean urban women should be silent? What sort of logic is that? Rather, we should hope the movement spreads to rural India too. Most movements anyway start with those who have relatively more agency – and then spread.

All in all, I think #MeToo in India was long overdue. It started in the US almost exactly a year ago, and exposed many well-known Hollywood personalities like Harvey Weinstein and Kevin Spacey. Around that time, an Indian in the US, Raya Sarkar, prepared a list of predators in academia – but she was unfortunately criticized and the movement did not pick up steam then in India.

Now it has.

No one knows how it will go from here. Will it evolve further? Or will it fizzle out?

I’m sincerely hoping it evolves further. I’d like to see it grow – go beyond urban India, go beyond the few sectors it has so far been largely restricted to (films, media, advertising). There must be many more cases in politics, in government and corporate India, where power is most prone to abuse. Maybe those stories are slow in coming because the women involved are less comfortable coming out with their stories.

And that’s only fair. Each person has to decide for herself – she has to weigh the consequences of her actions. We need to respect that.

One huge positive impact of #MeToo has been that men themselves seem to be re-assessing their behaviour. Not just in the past but also in the present. They seem to be becoming more sensitized and aware of boundaries and space. And about consent. At least I hope so.

Hopefully films too will become more sensitized to gender from now on. I think it is already happening. Films in the past have been hugely misogynistic, often presenting stalking as romantic! And considering how much of an influence films/TV have on society, they might have playe thei role too in moulding society into what it is today.

But then, they were a function of their times – I don’t want to dwell on the past. We can’t change that anyway.

What we can change is the present and the future. And hopefully from now on at least, we will see better-behaved men, whether triggered by #MeToo or not.

Of course, we need much more to happen. Until we dismantle patriarchy there is always going to be victim-blaming and shaming. We all know that men are the root cause of the problem, yet we will continue to blame the women and expect them to “behave themselves”.

So much more needs to happen. We can all do our bit – by calling out patriarchy when we see it, even if it happens without our close circles. By bringing up the next generation with a better understanding of gender equality so that boys don’t grow up with a sense of entitlement. This is what manifests itself in most undesirable behaviour when the boy becomes a man.

Clearly we haven’t done enough in the last 60 years, since Sahir wrote “aurat ne janam diya” in 1958. It’s a sad reflection of our society that it feels relevant even in 2018.

I’d like a future generation to listen to it and say “Oh, how horrible things were for women in those days! Thank God things are so much better today, and women don’t go through all that!”

I know I’m dreaming – but you know what they say. Ummeed pe duniya kaayam hai.

Let’s do our bit to make it happen?

Thanks for listening.

Audio

Video

Song-Seeta bhi jahaan sukh paa na saki (Lakshmi)(1982) Singer-Mahendra Kapoor, Lyrics-Sahir Ludhianvi, MD-Usha Khanna

Lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)

Naa tera durbhaagya nayaa hai
Naa jag ka vyavhaar nayaa aa
Naa raahon ke shool naye ae
Naa patthar dil sansaar nayaa

Seeta bhi jahaan sukh paa naa saki
Tu us dharti ki naari hai
Seeta bhi jahaan sukh paa naa saki
Tu us dharti ki naari hai
Jo zulm teri taqdeer banaa
Jo zulm teri taqdeer banaa
Wo zulm yugon se zaari hai
Seeta bhi jahaan sukh paa naa saki
Tu us dharti ki naari hai

Wo kanyaa ho ya garbhwati
Naari ko sadaa apmaan milaa
Wo kanyaa ho ya garbhwati
Naari ko sadaa apmaan milaa
Avtaaron ki nasl badhaa kar bhi
Patitaaon mein sthaan mila
Sadiyon se yahaan har ablaa ne
Sadiyon se yahaan har ablaa ne
Ro ro kar umar guzaari hai
Seeta bhi jahaan sukh paa naa saki
Tu us dharti ki naari hai

Kehne ko to devi kehlaayee
Par naar yahaan daasi hi rahi
Kehne ko to devi kehlaayee
Par naar yahaan daasi hi rahi
Do pyaar ke meethhe bolon ki
Martey dam tak pyaasi hi rahi
Jo zehar miley wo peeti jaa
Jo zehar miley wo peeti jaa
Tu kaun si Janak dulaari hai
Seeta bhi jahaan sukh paa naa saki
Tu us dharti ki naari hai

Maikaa chhoota sasuraal chhoota
Jaayegi magar jaayegi kahaan
Maikaa chhoota sasuraal chhoota
Jaayegi magar jaayegi kahaan
Ab Valmiki saa koyi rishi
Is dharti par paayegi kahaan
Ab tu ik bhatki hirni hain
Ab tu ik bhatki hirni hain
Aur mard ki aankh shikaari hai
Seeta bhi jahaan sukh paa naa saki
Tu us dharti ki naari hai
Seeta bhi jahaan sukh paa naa saki
Tu us dharti ki naari hai

——————————————
Devnagri Script lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
——————————————
ना तेरा दुर्भाग्य नया है
ना जग का व्यवहार नया आ
ना राहों के शूल नए ए
ना पत्थर दिल संसार नया

सीता भी जहां सुख पा ना सकी
तू उस धरती की नारी है
सीता भी जहां सुख पा ना सकी
तू उस धरती की नारी है
जो ज़ुल्म तेरी तकदीर बना
जो ज़ुल्म तेरी तकदीर बना
वो ज़ुल्म युगों से जारी है
सीता भी जहां सुख पा ना सकी
तू उस धरती की नारी है

वो कन्या हो या गर्भवती
नारी को सदा अपमान मिला
वो कन्या हो या गर्भवती
नारी को सदा अपमान मिला
अवतारों की नस्ल बढ़ाकर भी
पतिताओं में स्थान मिला
सदियों से यहाँ हर अबला ने
सदियों से यहाँ हर अबला ने
रो रो कर उम्र गुजारी है
सीता भी जहां सुख पा ना सकी
तू उस धरती की नारी है

कहने को तो देवी कहलाई
पर नार यहाँ दासी ही रही
कहने को तो देवी कहलायी
पर नार यहाँ दासी ही रही
दो प्यार के मीठे बोलों की
मरते दम तक प्यासी ही रही
जो ज़हर मिले वो पीती जा
जो ज़हर मिले वो पीती जा
तू कौनसी जनक दुलारी है
सीता भी जहां सुख पा ना सकी
तू उस धरती की नारी है

मैका छूटा ससुराल छूटा
जायेगी मगर जायेगी कहाँ
मैका छूटा ससुराल छूटा
जायेगी मगर जायेगी कहाँ
अब वाल्मीकी सा कोई ऋषि
इस धरती पर पाएगी कहाँ
अब तू इक भटकी हिरनी है
अब तू इक भटकी हिरनी है
और मर्द की आँख शिकारी है
सीता भी जहां सुख पा ना सकी
तू उस धरती की नारी है
सीता भी जहां सुख पा ना सकी
तू उस धरती की नारी है


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3539 Post No. : 14210

“Main Aazaad Hoon”(1989) was produced by Habib Nadiadwala and directed by Tinnu Anand. The movie was an adaptation of Frank Capra’s “Meet John Doe”(1941). Amitabh Bachcahn played the lead role in the movie.

While “Meet John Doe”(1941) was a superhit movie, its Hindi adaptation failed miserably at the box office. “Main Aazaad Hoon”(1989), like its Hollywood original, showed the hero as a common man, helpless against system. Indian audience, brought up on staple diet of escapist movies were not mature enough to appreciate movies that were off the beaten track. People expected Amitabh Bachchan to play his usual larger than life superman like character, but the movie depicted him as an ordinary man, as powerless and helpless as most ordinary men, and movie goers were not prepared for that. While “Meet John Doe”(1941) was a superhit movie, its Hindi adaptation failed miserably at the box office. So it showed, if any proof was needed that Indian audience of 1989 had not reached the maturity of Hollywood audience of 1941 !

Personally I quite liked the movie, but I was in a minority. Most other people had expected to see Amitabh Bachchan as an angry young man of “Trishul” or “Andha Kaanoon” and they felt let down with the non escapist fare that this movie served.

“Main Aazaad Hoon”(1989) had just one song in it.

Here is that sole song from “Main Aazaad Hoon”(1989). This song is sung by Amitabh Bachchan and chorus, in addition to some unidentified voices. The song is sung by Amitabh Bachchan and it is picturised on himself. Kaifi Azmi is the lyricist. Music is composed by Amar Utpal.

Since it is the only song from the movie, this song serves dual purpose simultaneously. This song is the debutant song as well as a YIPPEE song. So one can say, rather pompously that “Main Aazaad Hoon”(1989), makes its debut in the blog with this song and get YIPPEED as well. 🙂


Song-Itne baazoo itne sar (Main Aazaad Hoon)(1989) Singer-Amitabh Bachchan, Lyrics-Kaifi Azmi, MD-Amar Utpal
Chorus
Unknown male voice

Lyrics

itne baazu itne sar
hmm
itne baazu itne sar
gin le dushman dhyaan se
hmm hmm

itne baazu itne sar
gin le dushman dhyaan se
itne baazu itne sar
gin le dushman dhyaan se
haarega wo har baazi
jab khelen hum ji jaan se
haarega wo har baazi
jab khelen hum ji jaan se
jee jaan se

aao
aa jaao
jag pe chha jaao
ji jaan se
haan
ye hui na baat
aise hi gaate hain
ek do

aaye ho tum to aao
jee jaan se
hamen aake raah dikhaao
jee jaan se
manzil pe hamen pahunchaao
jee jaan se
aao
aa jao
jee jaan se
jag pe chha jao
ji jaan se
aao mere saath aao
ji jaan se
meri dhun mein tum gaao
ji jaan se
milke lashkar ban jaao
ji jaan se
aao
aa jaao
ji jaan se
jag pe chha jaao
ji jaan se
itne baazu itne sar
gin le dushman dhyaan se
itne baazu itne sar
ginle dushman dhyan se

haarega wo har baazi
jab khelen hum ji jaan se
haarega wo har baazi
jab khele hum ji jaan se

itne baazu itne sar
gin le dushman dhyaan se
itne baazu itne sar
gin le dushman dhyaan se
haarega wo har baazi
jab khelen hum ji jaan se
haarega wo har baazi
jab khelen hum ji jaan se

aao
aa jaao
ji jaan se
jag pe chha jaao
ji jaan se
aao
aa jaao
ji jaan se
jag pe chha jaao
ji jaan se

maalik ka dhan jo badhaaye
ji jaan se
?? hi dhan ban jaaye
ji jaan se
kyun na ik din lad jaayen
jee jaan se
aao
aa jaao
ji jaan se
jag pe chhaa jaao
ji jaan se

ek duniya sang hai
ye haq ki jung hai
ek duniya sang hai
ye haq ki jung hai

laalach se takraana hai
beshak takraayenge
haan
laalach se takraana hai
beshak takraayenge
jinko jhukna aata hai
saare sar kat jaayenge
jinko jhukna aata hai
saare sar kat jaayenge
aao
aa jaao
ji jaan se
jag pe chha jaao
ji jaan se
aao
aa jaao
ji jaan se
jag pe chha jao
ji jaan se
itne baazu itne sar
gin le dushman dhyaan se

haarega wo har baazi
jab khelen hum ji jaan se
haarega wo har baazi
jab khelen hum ji jaan se
aao aa jaao
jag pe chha jaao
aao aa jaao
jag pe chha jaao

itne baazu itne sar
gin le dushman dhyaan se
haarega wo har baazi jab khelen hum ji jaan se
itne baazu itne sar
gin le dushman dhyaan se
harega wo har baazi
jab khelen hum ji jaan se


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over FOURTEEN years. This blog has over 17100 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 5000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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(© 2008 - 2022) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

Total number of songs posts discussed

17162

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1329
Total Number of movies covered=4609

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