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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘Actor-Singer


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3866 Post No. : 14883 Movie Count :

4071

Today’s song is an extremely rare song, to be presented here today. It is from film Shaadi ka Maamla-1937. It was produced by the ‘One Film’ banner of Lalitkaladarsh Movietone, Bombay and it was directed by Bhargavram Vithal aka Mama Varerkar- a heavyweight name in Marathi Literature. The song was written in Hindi by Pt. Dwijendra Sharma. We are unaware of who was the Music Director, but Cinestaan claims that Pt. Badriprasad Manik was the MD, though HFGK is silent on this issue. This rare song is sung by Bapurao Pendharkar, who was an actor, singer and producer on Marathi stage, in the early 1900’s.

Drama and stage work has a tradition of more than 150 years in Maharashtra. The stage gave many Gems in Music and Acting to Maharashtra. Natyageet from the sangeet Nataks became extremely popular. There is hardly any classical singer, in Maharashtra, who did not sing Natyageet. When the Talkie films started, the stage and dramas provided the biggest contribution to its Music. Almost all Music Directors of early cinema-Marathi or Gujarati- came with a history of working on stage. Govindrao Tembe, Master krishnarao Phulambrikar, Shankarrao Vyas, Keshavrao Bhole, B R Devdhar, Dada Chandekar, Mainkar, Sureshbabu Mane etc came to films from stage only.

There used to be Drama companies or Natya Mandalis, like Gandharva Sangeet mandali (of Balgandharva), Kirloskar Natak mandali (of Annasaheb Kirloskar), Balwant Natak mandali (of Master Dinanath Mangeshkar), Lalit kaladarsh ( of Keshavrao Bhosle) etc etc.

Initially, many film makers in the silent and early talkie looked upon the cinema as an extension of the stage or merely a different form of packaging the same basic product. This was clear when Sohrab Modi made his Talkie film ” Hamlet’-35 by shooting the actual drama on stage or film ” Indrasabha”-32 with 69 songs just like a drama. However, film makers like Baburao Painter understood the underlying difference in these two media and evolved a new Grammar for films. This was promptly followed by V.Shantaram, Master Vinayak and all others.

Among the Marathi Literary Giants, the first to get attracted to the new medium was B.V.aka Mama Varerkar. He formed a film company, ‘Deccan Picture corporation’, along with P.Teligiri to produce a silent film ” Poona Raided-1924″. He was disillusioned with the failure of the film and withdrew from films. After 12 years, he formed another company, with Bapurao Pendharkar- Lalit kaladarsh movietone and made, wrote and directed ‘ Vijayachi Lagne-36’ in Marathi and ‘ Shadi ka Mamla-37’ in Hindi. Other giants like M G Rangnekar, V S Khandekar, Acharya Atre and P L Deshpande also joined film making.

B V aka Mama Varerkar, director of film Shadi ka mamla-37, was born on 27-4-1883, at Chiplun in Ratnagiri district. His early education took place in Ratnagiri and he joined a medical course at the Civil Hospital. Here he met Dr. Kirtikar, who was a writer and had a big private library. Varerkar got interested in Literature, read lot many Marathi and Bangali books. Finally he left medical course and did a job in postal department from 1899 to 1919. He wrote several dramas, stories etc. His first drama ‘ Kunjvihari’ was staged in Bombay on 14-4-1908. The drama had Vishnupant Pagnis as a Gujarati Radha and sang Gujarati songs. The Gujarati people of Bombay crowded his shows in hundreds and Varerkar became famous. His next famous drama ‘ Haach mulacha Baap’ came on stage in 1916. Then there was no looking back. In all, he wrote 37 dramas, 6 dramalets,and 14 one act plays. He wrote from 1914 to 1960 continuously. He was awarded Padma Bhooshan, paid Rs. 1 lakh per year and also sent to Rajya Sabha as an M.P.. Mama Varerkar died in Delhi on 23-9-1964.

He wrote film stories, screenplays, dialogues and directed films in Marathi and Hindi. His Filmography is Poona raided,silent film-1924, Gori Bala-silent,-1930, Thaksen Rajputra in Marathi and Bhedi Rajkumar in Hindi,Talkie-1934, Vilasi Eshwar in Marathi and Nigahe Nafrat in Hindi-1935( debut film of Shobhana Samarth), Vijayachi lagne-36 in Marathi and Shadi ka Mamla-37 in Hindi, Savangadi in Marathi and Saathi in Hindi-38 ( Durga Khote and Mubarak produced it), Geeta in Marathi and Hindi-40 ( Chandramohan did the Hero’s role in Marathi also,speaking flawless Marathi) and Karasthan in Marathi-47.

Today’s film, Shadi ka mamla-37 was produced by Lalit Kaladarsh Movietone and was directed by Mama Varerkar. The film cast was Bapurao Pendharkar, Hansa Wadkar, Kesar Wadkar, Nalini Nagpurkar, Master Chhotu, Dajiba Parab, Antoba Kulkarni and others. Bapurao Pendharkar was a very popular actor singer on Marathi stage. He was owner of the famous drama company ‘ Lalit Kaladarsh ‘, which completed its Centenary in 2007-8 and is still owned by his family, remaining as a premier,respected drama company of repute in Maharashtra. The company at one time hired full special train to move from one city to other, with all its staff and props.

Bapurao Pendharkar ( Vyankatesh Balwant Pendharkar) was born on 10th December 1892 at Jamkhindi, a princely state in Karnataka.( This was the First princely state to join Independent India, on a call by Sardar Patel. Its only demand was to make it a District place !). he got his education in Poona. In 1915, while studying from his Matriculation, he left studies and joined ” Lalit Kaladarsh “- a drama company of repute, owned by keshvrao Bhosle.

Bapurao had no good looks, no height and no proper voice, but Bhosale took lot of efforts on him and made him a fine actor singer. From 1915 to 1920, Bapurao did only female roles on stage. Starting from Sharda, he did Bhamini, Manjiri, Kishori, Vasant sena and many other famous Heroines in marathi dramas in those days. Bapurao also played Organ on stage. In 1920 he became a Gandaband shagird of Ramkrishnabuwa Vaze, a big name in vocal music.

On 4th October 1921, Keshavrao Bhosale died and Bapurao became the owner of Lalit Kaladarsh. The company staged all dramas of Mama Varerkar and its name became famous.

His first natyageet record came out in 1922, through Rose and co. in Bombay. Upto 1936, his 70 records ( 140 songs) came on HMV (Red and Black labels), Zonofone (Green0, and The Twin (Yellow). In 1974 one LP having his 12 songs came out and in 1996, Audio tapes of his more songs were marketed. Many collectors have his songs. Even today’s rare song has been obtained from a collector. Keshavrao Bhole liked his singing very much and appreciated him in his writings and autobiography too.

In 1936, Bapurao, along with Mama Varerkar launched his film company-Lalit Kaladarsh Movietone and made two films. Vijayachi lagne in Marathi in 1936 and Shadi ka Mamla in Hindi in 1937. The film did not become much famous, but his songs became a rage in those days. Only 4 songs from his only Hindi film are available and they are collector’s delights. In 1926 he recorded a Bhavgeet ” Rajhans maza nijla” a popular song by Govindagraj aka Ram Ganesh Gadkari. Thus Bapurao became the First Bhavgeet singer of Maharashtra. Silver jubilee of Lalit Kaladarsh was celebrated in 1933 and Bapurao recieved many awards.

Bapurao Pendharkar died on 15th March 1937, at Gwalior. His illustrious son -actor and singer Bhalchandra Pendharkar took over the company at the age of 16 years. He did a superb job and took the company to greater heights in times to come.

The Heroine of this film-Shadi ka Mamla-37 was just about 14 year old girl, Hansa Wadkar. She was born Ratan Bhalachander Salgaokar, on 24 January 1923 at Dr. Bhalerao Hospital in Bombay, Maharashtra, India. Her father, Bhalchander Salgaokar, was the son and grandson of “kalavantins, courtesans renowned for their musical accomplishments”. Her mother, Saraswati, was the daughter of a Devdasi. Wadkar was the third of four children. The oldest sister and youngest brother died, leaving a second child, her brother Mohan and her. In her autobiography Wadkar mentions that her great grandmother, Baybai Salgaokar, called Jiji by the family, was a wealthy courtesan who was the influential figure in the family. Marriage in the courtesan community was a rarity and Wadkar’s grandfather Raghunath Salgaokar (Jiji’s son) was the first person in the family to marry.

Jiji divided the vast property she had and Wadkar’s father was given the house in Sawantwadi. The mother, father, brother and young Wadkar shifted there and she joined a Marathi medium school where she studied till class IV. She also studied vocal music under Bhagwatbuwa but was not interested in singing. The family returned to Bombay and Hansa attended an English medium school for two years at Aryan Education Society School. However, she had to leave school when the family faced financial problems. The father had turned into an alcoholic and there was no money coming in the house. The mother insisted that Mohan being a boy should continue his studies, hence it was left on Wadkar to find work.

The influence of films was present from an early time. Wadkar’s father had three sisters, Kesharbai, Indirabai and Sushilabai. Sushila was married to Master Vinayak, a renowned actor-director of the early era of Indian cinema. The elder sister as well as Indira Wadkar were acting in films and Indira was a classical singer as well. Indira acted in several films including Duniya Kya Hai (Resurrection) (1937) and in Vinayak’s production company “Hans Films” like Devata (1939) in Marathi. Indira used the surname Wadkar to avoid using the family name Salgaokar, for fear of reprisal from society against women acting in films. Her older aunt, Kesharbai, was working in a film made by M.G. Rangnekar and suggested that Wadkar work in films to sustain her family.

In 1936, Wadkar acted in her first role as a heroine in Bapubhai Pendharkar’s Vijayche Lagane. A bilingual, made in Marathi and Hindi (Shadi Ka Maamla), it was directed by Mama Warerkar. The film was produced by Pendharkar’s Lalit Kala Production, its “first and last” film, as Pendharkar died soon after. When her brother objected to the family name being used in films, her name was changed from Ratan to Hansa, and the surname Wadkar was borrowed from her actress aunt, Indira Wadkar. Her salary at that time was Rs. 250 per month. The film was a success at the box-office.

Wadkar worked in a few films after this for different companies, which remained incomplete. She then joined Golden Eagle Movietone and learned Hindi from a Hindi scholar appointed for her by the company. She became proficient in the language, working in several Hindi films at the time like Meena, Prem Patra, Zamana, and Raj Kumar with Chetan Anand.

Marrying in 1937, she had to return to films once again due to shortage of money. She acted in two stunt films of Bhagwan Palav, having joined Harishchandrarao’s company. The films were Bahadur Kisan, and Criminal which was released in 1939. In 1938, she was cast in Zamana directed by Ram Daryani, starring Padma Devi who had earlier acted in India cinema’s first indigenous colour film, Kisan Kanya. The other co-stars were Dar (Jeevan) Gulab, Ameena and Amirbai Karnataki.

She worked in films made by Bombay Talkies, Prabhat, National studios and other banners. In all she worked in 27 films. She sang 10 songs in 3 films also.

Jagannath Bandarkar was one of the sons of the neighbour at Sawantwadi. His family was deemed of a “lower caste” than the Wadkars. Being ten years older than Wadkar, her brother and other family members did not approve of her closeness to him. However, her mother would ask her to call him over for lunch or odd jobs. When the Wadkar’s shifted to Bombay, Bandarkar followed. Having failed at setting up a printing press, he started a theatre company called Dominic Union and got Wadkar to join it. When her mother accused her of having an affair with Bandarkar, it made her do what she was thought was an unfair accusation. She writes of assuming this defiant and oppositional attitude later on too, when wrongly accused. Soon she was three months pregnant at age fifteen and Bandarkar and Wadkar were married on 6 September 1937, at Kittebhandari Marriage Hall in Bombay. Though she had “dreamed of a family life”, she had to resume work as Bandarkar’s company was financially unstable. She also had a miscarriage at this time.

Rekha, their daughter was born following the completion of Wadkar’s film Mera Gaon(1942). Over time when her husband physically abused her over some imagined wrong-doing, she would go out and do it. She started drinking and describes one drinking session in her autobiography where she was unconscious of what took place. She found herself in a village where Joshi, one of the men she had been drinking with brought her as his third wife. She stayed virtually imprisoned there for three years, till she was able to smuggle a letter out to her husband. He arrived with the police, and took her to the magistrate’s office in the neighbouring town, where she had to testify. The magistrate sent Bandarkar to get a signature on a paper and then proceeded to rape Wadkar. Since she did not speak out about the incident, no action was taken.

She went on to perform several plays, where she met Rajan Jawale, an actor, with whom she formed a bond that lasted till her death. She maintained a good relationship with all the female workers. Some of them became good friends like Lalita Devulkar.

Hansa Wadkar died on 23 Aug 1971 in Bombay Maharashtra, India.

Have you seen the film ” Bhumika”-77 ? Smita Patil had acted in this film. The film had earned the patronage of both, the Critics and the general public. The film received many awards and accolades. This film was based on the Autobiography of Hansa Wadkar.

Since the days Talkie films started till today,only 2 films were made on the real lives of actresses. One was ” Bhumika’-77 and the other was ” Zubeida-2000″ based on the actual life of actress Zubeida ( jr. ).

Shyam Benegal made a film on her autobiography (Sangte Aika) -Bhumika-1977. Hansa’s role was done by Smita Patil and Bandarkar was Amol Palekar The film was very successful and won many awards.

Now let us listen to this rare song by Bapurao Pendharkar. With this song the film and the singer make their Debut on the Blog.

( My Thanks for information used from
Marathi Cinema in Retrospect-Sanjit Narwekar
Maharashtra-Birthplace of Indian Cinema- Isak Mujawar
Poorvausrinche soor (पूर्वसुरींचे सूर)- Dr. Suresh Chandwankar
lalitkaladarsh.com
bhalchandrapendharkar.com
wikivisually.com
Cinestan
MuVyz
HFGK.
Harish Raghuvanshi ji, Surat and
My notes )


Song-Aavo aavo aavo jee (Shaadi Ka Maamlaa)(1937) Singer- Bapu Pendharkar, Lyrics- Pt. Dwijendra Sharma, MD- Unknown

Lyrics

aavo aavo aavo jee
aavo jee
aavo aavo aavo jee
aavo jee
preetam pyaare more nagar maan (?)
preetam pyaare more nagar maan (?)
aavo aavo aavo jee
aavo jee
aavo aavo aavo jee
aavo jee
preetam pyaaaaare
aa aa aa
preetam pyaare more nagar maan (?)
preetam pyaaaare
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
preetam pyaare more nagar maan (?)
preetam pyaaaare
preetam pyaare more nagar maan (?)
aavo aavo aavo jee
aavo jee
aavo aavo
man ki aaas
man ki aas ??
man ki aaaas
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
man ki aas
aa aa aa
man ki aas
aa aa aa
man ki aaaas
man ki aaaas
aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa
aa aaa aa aa
aa aa aa
man ki aas ??
aavo aavo aavo jee
aavo jee
aavo jee
aavo jee
aavo aavo aavo jee
aavo jee
preetam pyaare more nagar maa (?)
preetam pyaare
aa aa aa
preetam pyaaaare
preetam pyaare more ??
preetam pyaare more ??
aavo aavo aavo jee
aavo jee
aavo jee
aavo aavo aavo jee
aavo jee
aavo aavo aavo jee
aavo jee
preetam pyaare more ??
aavo aavo aavo jee
aavo jee
aavo aavo aavo jee

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3855 Post No. : 14868

Today’s song is a surprise item. Just when we were ( atleast I was) feeling that all available film songs of Noorjehan are covered in the Blog, I came across this song. As a Bonus, even the complete video of this song was traced by me. For a long time, only a short clip of the song was available, but now you can enjoy the full video too.

The song is from film Lal Haveli-44. The film was made by Bombay Cinetone of K.B.Lal, the producer and director of the film. It seems the finance for this film was provided by one Rooplal Mehra, as per comment made by one of our readers. The film story was by R S Chaudhari, dialogues were written by Agha Jaan Kashmiri and Wajahat Mirza and the screenplay was done by the director K B Lal himself.

The cast of the film consisted of the then popular singing pair Surendra and Noorjehan, supported by Ulhas, Maya Banerjee, Badri prasad, Kanhiayalal, Baby Meena(Meena kumari), Alaknanda, Brijrani and few others. The veteran composer Meer Sahab composed the melodious songs written by Munshi Shams Lucknowi.

Noorjehan ( 21.9.1926 – 23.12.2000 ) had a very short span of career in India- 1942 to 1947, as far as Hindi films are concerned. Her first Hindi film was Khandaan-42 as an adult and the last film was Jugnu-47. She acted in only 15 films during this period. They were Khandan-42, Naukar-43, Naadaan-43, Duhai-43, Lal Haveli and Dost in 44, Zeenat, Gaon ki Gori, Bhaijaan and Badi Maa in 45, Hamjoli, Dil and Anmol Ghadi in 46 and Mirza Sahibaan and Jugnu in 47. In these films, as per one source, she sang just 68 songs. 66 songs of these are already discussed on the Blog. Today’s song will be the 67th song.

As long as Noorjehan was in India, people were mad about her singing. After she left India, people became Nostalgic about her. Many composers used to insist the female singers to sing like Noorjehan ( just like after Saigal, his copies were popular), for quite some time. Over a period of course this influence waned. Out of the many artistes-in different categories of film making- who migrated to Pakistan, no one became as successful as Noorjehan. Not because she was extraordinary, but because there was an aura of fame and awe about her singing.

During 1980,Zia Sarhadi, who too had migrated to Pakistan, visited India. While in Bombay, he was asked ” How is our Noorjehan ?” He replied,” the most successful artiste who came from India was Noorjehan in Pakistan.”
” How is her singing?”
” you call it singing because she is singing, otherwise there is no charm in her singing anymore. Shreiking is what she does now, instead of singing. People in India are nostalgic about her. And why not ? Her best songs finished in India only. What she is doing in Pakistan , I wont call that singing ! ”
These words from a poet who wrote songs for her, like ” Diya jalakar aap bujhaya ” and ” Aaa intezar hai tera “,speak a lot about Norjehan’s singing in Pakistan.( from the book ” From Noorjehan to Lata” by Isak Mujawar).

I am not a fan of Noorjehan. In fact, except Mohd. Rafi, I dont consider any singer ( that includes Lata too) versatile and heart touching singer. Of course this is my personal opinion. Every person has his own likes and dislikes. When the tune is lovely, music is appropriate and Lyrics are meaningful, any song by any singer-in general- can become popular, but when Lyrics are meaningless, music is average and the tune is ordinary, to render a song that will touch your heart makes a singer immortal-like Rafi.

Film Lal Haveli-44 had some less known artistes namely Alaknanda and Brij Rani. Let us know more about them.

Brij Rani was born in 1921 at Shikarpur, Sindh province, in a well to do business family. She studied up to Matriculation and also qualified as a Middle School Teacher. However, she opted to join films as an actress. Her first film was Jeewan Jyoti-37, doing an un credited small role to get the feel, followed by Calcutta after Midnight-37, Aurat-40, Wayda-40, Ulti Ganga-42, Daughters of the Jungle-43, Bhagta Bhoot-43, Circus Girl-43 etc . She was getting roles only in stunt films and C grade films. Being from a business community, she started her own company- Bharat productions and herself made stunt films.
Meanwhile she continued acting in films like Lal Haveli-44 and acted and directed film Circus King-46 and film Sajni-47. Then there was a gap. probably she looked after her family. In 1951, she directed film Daamaad-51.

You will find one more name in the cast-Alaknanda. In Hindi films, there were many sister-pairs who worked as actresses, but in the history of Hindi films-both Silent as well as Talkie- there have been only 3 sets of 3 sisters who worked as actresses in the same periods. The first set was of Zubeida, Sultana and Shehzadi in the early 30s. Then in the 40s came the second set of Alaknanda, Tara and Sitara Devi. In the 50s, the last Trio of Padmini, Ragini and Lalitha worked in same period. After this, to my knowledge, no such Trio of actresses came on the screen. If you count step-sister also, then Mehtab was the step sister of Zubeida, Sultana and Shehzadi trio. This made them the only Quartet of Sister Actresses in Hindi Film History ever ! Even their mother Fatima acted, directed and Produced films, to boot !! Alas ! Their father did not join films !!!

Alaknanda was born in or around 1910 in a Banares situated Mishra family. Her clan had a tradition of singing in temples for the last 5 centuries. The family had close relations with Nepal and its Royal family. Her Grandfather was a court singer. Her grandmother and mother were from Nepal, so Alaknanda called herself as ‘ half Nepalese ‘.

When her father wanted to train her and her younger sister Tara, in Dancing and music, there was opposition from their society. Therefore the family moved to another corner of Banares and he started a Music school and trained children of Royal families from Bengal. In one of their visits to Calcutta, Sitara Devi was born in Calcutta. Alaknanda’s first Talkie film was Suryakumari-33. She worked in 37 films till late 40s. All three sisters worked together in film Haiwaan-40. She had sung 15 songs in 7 films. She got Cancer and died sometime in or around 1947. Not much information is available about her or her sister Tara/Tara Devi/Tarabai. Vithal Pandya, in his book mentions that in her last days, Tara stayed in Bombay slums and worked as extra in films in her old age( Famous dancer Gopi krishna was her son). Sitara Devi, on the contrary,lived a famous,rich and majestic life, with several marriages. That’s life, anyway.

Film Lal Haveli-44 story was nothing new. It was spun around an old time Thakur- beautiful daughter- cruel creditor etc type story. The story was-

Thakur Ramchand lives in his ancestral Haveli, of which he is very proud. His sister has eloped with an ordinary soldier. He had objected to their love story as the boy was from a lower caste. The soldier dies in war and his sister commits suicide. Thakur is very sad. His daughter Mukta (Noorjehan) is in love with her childhood friend Anand (Surendra). Thakur’s haveli is already mortgaged with seth Laxman singh. When thakur knows about Mukta’s love, he bans Anand from coming to their house, but the lovers meet secretly. Mukta is sent to attend the marriage of the daughter (Maya Banerjee) of Laxman singh. There, Laxman Singh’s son Jawahar (Ulhas) sees Mukta and desires her. On Mukta’s return to Thakur, Laxman singh proposes her marriage with Jawahar in return of his Haveli.
Mukta, to save family pride, agrees to this marriage. Anand is upset and joins Army and goes to the war front. Anand is injured severely. In the meantime Thakur dies and the marriage gets cancelled. Enraged, Jawahar decides to burn the Haveli as a revenge. Anand returns to the village, comes to know this. There is a confrontation of Jawahar and Anand. Finally, Jawahar has a change of heart, seeing the true love of Mukta and Anand and he blesses their marriage with Lal haveli as a Marriage Gift. So, all is well, happy ending.

In today’s video, see Noorjehan, Ulhas, Maya Banerjee, dancing- singing girls and enjoy this melodious song.


Song-Bhaiyya hamaaro jee (Laal Haweli)(1944) Singers-Unknown female voice, Noorjahaan, Lyrics-Shams Lucknowi, MD-Meer Sahab
Chorus

Lyrics

bhaiyyaa humaaro ji ee
bhaiyaa humaaro ji
aayi hain bahne aas lagaaye
aayi hain bahne aas lagaaye
dekho khadi hain duaar
dekho khadi hain duaar
bhaiyaa humaaro ji ee
bhaiyaa humaaro ji

haathon mein pahnungi sone ke kangan
haathon mein pahnoongi sone ke kangan
heere kaa pahnoongi haar
haar

heere kaa pahnoongi haar
bhaiyaa humaaro ji
bhaiyaa humaaro ji
bhaiyaa humaaro ji

pahanoongi main to dhaake ki saadi
pahanoongi main to dhaake ki saadi
bambay kaa gotaa kinaar

bambay kaa gotaa kinaar
bhaiyaa humaaro ji
bhaiyaa humaaro ji
bhaiyaa humaaro ji

na mohe chaahiye kangan naa saadi
na mohe chaahiye kangan naa saadi
naa teraa gotaa kinaar
naa teraa gotaa kinaar
ik bol kehde ae mere bhaiyaa
ik bol kehde ae mere bhaiyaa
pyaar se behna pukaar
pyaar se behna pukaar
bhaiyaa humaaro ji ee
bhaiyaa humaaro ji
bhaiyaa humaaro ji
aayi hain behnen aas lagaaye
aayi hain bahnen aas lagaaye
dekho khadi hain duaar
dekho khadi hain duaar
bhaiyaa humaaro ji
bhaiyaa humaaro ji


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3848 Post No. : 14857 Movie Count :

4064

Today’s song is from an obscure film- Sansaar Naiya-1939. This film was made jointly by Paramount and liberty pictures, Bombay. Actually, both these film companies made only and mainly Action/Stunt and Costume films. Since this was a ‘Social’ film, may be they had to support each others as they were presumably not used to handling such ‘offbeat’ film, from what they were accustomed to produce !

Though the film was classified as Social, the cast of the film contained predominantly seen stunt film actors only. They were Navinchandra, Sarojini, Noorjehan(sr), Basheer, Dhulia, Mirajkar, Mansoor, Kanta Kumari and others of the same ilk. There is also one name ” Puri” in the cast. He seems to be S.L.Puri, who was a singer also. In this film he has 4 solo and 3 duets with Sarojini. This could be the reason why he was in this action film.

For many readers, the name Sarojini may be an unknown name. This is exactly and what generally happens, when siblings are working in Films at the same time. Yes, Sarojini was the elder sister of the more famous actress Indurani. Both were stunt film actresses and worked in around 15+ films only. In reality, it was because of Sarojini that Indurani was dragged into films. Sarojini did more number of quality films than Indurani and also acted in more social films than Indurani. Her career period was longer than Indurani and her daughter Azra became a Heroine in Hindi films.

In spite of all these ‘better’ things, Sarojini’s younger sister Indurani hogged all the limelight. Articles were written on her and even an independent book was published on Indurani in USA. No one wrote on Sarojini exclusively. She appears in Indurani’s book and also is mentioned in Azra’s interview on beetehuedin.com

This type of fate is experienced by few more siblings in Hindi film industry. here are some examples, which I remember off hand…. Every movie buff knows the stingy Kanhiyalal, made famous by his roles of greedy merchants, sahukars (moneylenders) and a comic villain. He became more famous after film ” Mother India-57 “, though he did the same role in the original film ” Aurat”-40. But how many readers know that his elder brother was Sankata Prasad , an actor who was a regular in Sagar Movietone films, and later in more that 65 films ? Actually Sankata Prasad was responsible to bring his brother Kanhaiyalal (Chaturvedi) in the film world.

The eldest son of Jaddan bai, Akhtar Hussain, a very talented actor and director fell back on fame and publicity compared to younger brother Anwar Hussain. I am not comparing him with his sister Nargis.

Among the Travancore sisters, Raagini and Padmini shone here, but Lalitha did not shine in Hindi films. Nasir Khan lived all his life as brother of Dilip Kumar and had not many famous films to his credit. Some more such cases are, Laxmi Roy (younger sister of Geeta Roy), Laxmi Kumthekar (younger sister of Vatsala Kumthekar ), Compser Basant Prakash ( brother of Khemchand Prakash) and many more.

This is what I call as Luck. I agree that Talent is an individual gift and not a family or a traditional handout, but when all things are equal, one sibling lagging behind due to external factors, is purely a matter of Luck.

Actress Sarojini- real name Roshan Jehan and pet name Rani- was born in Delhi to Parents Sheikh Imamuddin and Munawwar Jehan, in 1920. Both sisters were put in a mission school of Daryaganj, Delhi. In those days, children were not allowed to see films, but Sarojini was interested in films and used to read film magazines, unknown to family. She was bold enough to send a letter to an actress of Saraswati Cinetone, Poona. In few days, she received a reply with that actress’ photo. The company asked her to send her photo. Sarojini managed to get a photo and send it across. Soon the company wrote to her that she will be appointed as an actress for Rs. 300 p.m.. Those days, this amount was a windfall.

When her father came to know all this he first gave a sound thrashing to her. Then he started thinking. Due to gambling and addiction, he had lost his business and they were in financial distress. He thought of earning some money by employing his daughters as actresses. He took Sarojini and a very reluctant Indurani to Poona. That time Sarojini was in English 8th std and Indu was in 9th std. At Poona, both got job as actresses at Rs. 300 each, as promised. Plus arrangements for their training in acting, singing and dancing was also arranged. Their father took Rs. 1000/- as advance, gave them some money and returned to Delhi. He sent their grandmother as their guardian.

Sarojini, being the elder, started working in the films immediately with film Deewani-1934. Then came Shri Satyanarayan-35. After closure of Saraswati cinetone, they came to Bombay and stayed in Hindu colony, Dadar. For some time they were engaged by Minerva Movietone for Rs. 450 pm, but when Ramniklal Shah offered them Rs. 500, they joined his company, Mohan pictures. While Indurani worked with Ramniklal, Sarojini worked with Nanubhai Vakil. Eventually, Indu married Ramnik Shah and Sarojini married Nanubhai Vakil in 1943.

Sarojini worked in 17 films in all- Deewani-34, Shri Satyanarayan-35, Bharat ki beti-35, Sundari-36, Son of Alladin -39, Sansar naiya-39, Madhu Bansari-39, Sanskaar-40, Jadui kangan-40, Hatimtai ki beti-40, Deepak Mahal-40, Taj mahal-41, Jadui bandhan-41, Farmaan-42, Naya Zamana-43, Son of Hatimtai-45 and her last film Cicus King-46. The sisters worked together in 3 films, Hatimtai ki beti and Jadui kangan of 1940 and Tajmahal-1941.

Sarojini had 2 daughters. The elder one Azra became a Heroine of many Hindi films. She married and retired. She stays in Bandra, Mumbai. The younger one Rehana, worked for an Airline, retired, widowed and stays in USA. Sarojini died in 1993. Her husband died in 1980.

Film Sansar Naiya was directed by Nanubhai vakil and MD was Damodar Sharma. All songs were written by Pt. Anuj (Sampatlal Shrivastav).

The Hero of this film was Navinchandra.

Navinchandraa’s full name was Navinchandra N. Joshi. He was born in 1907 at Jambusar and belonged to a Gujarati Bramhin family. When he was studying Intermidiate, his dream was to do M.Sc. and become a Professor. He was very much interested in body building and was a weight lifter.He was expert in Long jump, High jump and Malkhamb too, along with yogasanas. This made his body solid. Fair and handsome physique was noticed by one of the seniors in his Gym and he was taken to Bombay to meet produced director Indulal Yagnik. He offered him a Hero’s role in a stunt film. Thus Navin entered the film line with first silent stunt movie “The fall of Pawagarh”-1928. It was produced by Indulal Yagnik and directed by Nagendra Mujumdar. His first Heroine was Iris Crawford. He worked in more than 20 silent films and was famous as the Hero of Stunt and action films.

His first Talkie film was Kala Pahad-1933 in which his Heroine was Gauhar Karnataki ( sister of Amirbai karnataki and wife of Marathi stage artiste Bal Gandharv). The film was made by Sharda Movietone and directed by Baburao Apte (brother of actress Shanta Apte). Navinchandra acted in 33 talkie films, mostly stunt and action films. When the attraction of stunt films waned, he stopped getting roles, because stunt films were not being made now on roll. His last film was Jadui Putli-1946.

His age also caught up with him and he stopped getting films. He started doing small uncredited roles like an extra. The last information about him was when he was working as a Production manager in Imperial Film company, where now the studio was rented to other producers for shooting their films, by Irani’s heirs. One peculiar thing about Navinchandra was that except for the film’s required costume, he was always seen in Dhoti and Kurta only.

Today’s song is a rare song. The film had 11 songs (4 duets and 4 solos of Puri and 3 solos of Sarojini) The tune and style of the song is typical of the 30s period and quite a slow one, with long music prelude. With this song, film Sansar naiya-39 and singer Sarojini will make their Debut on the Blog.

( Thanks to shri Harish Raghuwanshi ji, Sadanand Kamath ji, ‘Asli Naqli chehere’ by Vithal Pandya, ‘ Silent cinema’ by Dr. Varma, MuVyz, HFGK and my notes, for information used hereabove.)


Song-Ritu basant ki aayi pyaari (Sansaar Naiyya)(1939) Singers- Sarojini, S L Puri, Lyrics- Pandit Anuj, MD- Damodar Sharma
Both

Lyrics

ritu basant ki aayi pyaari
ritu basant ki aayi pyaari
kaisi phool rahi phulwaari
kaisi phool rahi phulwaari
ritu basant ki aayi pyaari
ritu basant ki aayi pyaari

shaakhon pe baagh ke jhoolo
shaakhon pe baagh ke jhoolo
bulbul ban gulon ko chhoo lo
bulbul ban gulon ko chhoo lo

titli ban ke phool phool mein
titli ban ke phool phool mein
jaaun waari waari
jaaun waari waari
ritu basant ki aayi pyaari
ritu basant ki aayi pyaari
kaisi phool rahi phulwaari
kaisi phool rahi phulwaari
ritu basant ki aayi pyaari
ritu basant ki aayi pyaari

bhanwra ban ke main ud jaaun
bhanwra ban ke main ud jaaun
kali kali ka ras le aaun
kali kali ka ras le aaun

kunj kunj mein prem ki beena
kunj kunj mein prem ki beena
bajwaaun(?) sukh gori
bajwaaun(?) sukh gori
ritu basant ki aayi pyaari
ritu basant ki aayi pyaari ee


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3845 Post No. : 14857 Movie Count :

4062

Today’s song is from a film which was made by the Film Factory- Ranjit Movietone, in 1938. The name of the film is Billi aka The Cat. The film was directed by Jayant Desai and the music was by the in house Music Director-Gyan Dutt. All the songs and the screen play was by P L Santoshi.

This was the first decade of the Talkie films. Initially films were made on Mythology, folk tales and Parsi Theatre stories. Therefore there were repetitions of film subjects like Harishchandra or Shirin Farhad, among the different film makers. When this became too obvious, the film makers turned their attention to other sources like Hollywood films, famous novels and stories by well known authors.

In this race, the Calcutta film makers, notably New Theatres, was on ‘numero uno’ position. Bengal has a rich literary tradition. The works of famous writers like Bankim chnadra Chatterji, Saratchandra Chatterji, Rabindranath Tagore, A K Sen, Bijoy Muzumdar and many more have enriched Bangla literature. Films based on their stories were made in Calcutta. Bombay, of course, was not to lag behind and many films on National and International novels and Hollywood films were made here.

The major difference in these two film centres was that Bangla films were mostly true to the original novels and Bombay films were made keeping in view entertainment of the audience and so were made by adapting these famous literary works using cinematic liberties in plenty.

Most movies made in Bengal were based on famous stories, novels and dramas. These movies were made in Bangla (for eastern India markets) and Hindi language for all India market.

In Bombay, one of the the earliest films made on a famous author’s work was ” The Mill aka Mazdoor-1934, by Mohan Bhavnani’s Ajanta Cinetone. It was written by Munshi Premchand, and was based on the miserable and pathetic plight of the Mill workers of Bombay. Unfortunately, the powerful lobby of the rich Mill Owners of Bombay and Ahmedabad pressurised the Government of Bombay State to ban this film. Two years later and after many cuts, the dilapidated film was released as ” Ghareeb parwar aka Daya Ki Devi” in 1936, but it flopped miserably, dragging the makers- Ajanta Cinetone to bankruptcy.

In 1937, a film ” Khwabon ki Duniya” was made by the Prakash pictures’ duo of Vijay and Shankar Bhatt. It was based on the famous and popular novel ” The Invisible Man” by H.G.Wells, published in 1897. This Hindi film was a copy of the Hollywood film of the same name, made in 1933. The film was a novelty and did very good business. Later on, another film Mr. X – 1957 was also on the same theme.

Today’s film Billi-38 was based on the famous novel ” Damsel in distress” by P.G.Wodehouse. Wodehouse (15-10-1881 to 14-2-1975) was from England but stayed in US for most of his life. ( He is my favourite writer and I have many of his novels with me.) Wodehouse was famous for his British humour filled novels spun around characters like Jeeves, Bertie Wooster, Psmith, Blandings Castle and Lord Emsworth and Mr. Mulliner. His most famous novel Damsel in Distress was first serialised in ‘ The Saturday Evening Post’ in May and June 1919. It was published as a book on 4-10-1919 in UK and on 15-10-1919 in US. A stage play based on this novel, gave 234 performances in UK in 1928 and a Musical Comedy on it was made in 1937 in US.

‘Crime and Punishment’ by Fydor Dostoyevsky was the basis for film ‘ Phir subah hogi’-58. Many films were made on Tarzan novels by Edgar Rice Burrows and some thrillers were made on novels of Edgar Wallace. Hindi films based on famous novels/stories by Indian authors were many. An old example is Milan-46 on Tagore’s Nauka Doobi and recent examples are Chetan Bhagat’s 4 novels- Hello, Kai Poche, 2 states and 3 Idiots, as films of the same name. Some other films on Indian and western novels are Devdas, Parineeta, Omkara, Tere mere sapne, Guide, Aisha,Maqbool, junoon, Pinjar, Shatranj ke khiladi, Hamlet, Haider, Bandini, Balika Badhu, Dharamputra, Amar prem, Tamas and many more. the list would be too long, so suffice to mention these films.

There is nothing wrong in making films on famous novels, but when producers, directors, actors twist the story, add own stuff and make a ‘ Khichdi ‘ of the novel, think what the author must be feeling. ( In film Guddi, a writer called Deshpande, describes what the film makers do to the stories, to Prof. Gupta played by Utpal Dutt). A case in point is film Guide. It is on record how R K Narayan was disgusted with the Cinematic liberties the film makers took on his novel, and how he stopped attending shootings and vowed never to allow another producer to buy his stories !

Trouble comes when when the film is made on a western novel like ” Damsel in Distress “. First thing is to adapt the novel to Indian context and traditions. While doing this , most times, a mess is created. The story of this novel takes place in London and shifts to a village nearby later. in Indian version you have to show an Indian city ( Bombay) and a village. I read the review of this film in Film India- October 1938 issue. Baburao Patel- who rarely appreciated a film and was very partial to few directors and actors- tore apart the film. Every aspect of the film was criticised. However, despite his attempt, the film did very good film and was a success. It is shown in this film that after meeting just once, the hero and heroine, in their subsequent meeting, do not recognise each others and a Cat, gifted by hero to the heroine in their first meeting, helps in getting them together again.

The cast of the film had E. Billimorea, Sunita, Ishwarlal, Kantilal, Ila Devi, Mazhar, Ram Apte, Ghory and others. There were 11 songs in the film. today’s song is the first song to feature here. The song is sung by Ishwarlal and Ila Devi. I knew Ishwarlal, but Iladevi was a new name. Even after efforts no information was available to me about her. From the question-answer column of the magazine Film India, I learnt that Ila Devi’s original film name was Miss Ilmas. I do not know in which religion or community, this name is used.After making her debut in Hindi films in ‘ Nishan -E- Jung ‘-1937, she changed her name to Ila Devi and acted in 6 more films. Four films in 1938 (Billi,Bazigar, Rikshawala and Gorakh Aaya) and two films in 1939 (Adhuri Kahani and Kahan hai teri manzil). After this her name is not found in any films, when I checked.

This change of name, after using one name in a film, is not unique, though,this seems to be the First such instance. I know, off hand, at least two more such instances in Film industry. Actress Ameeta (Tumsa nahi dekha fame) had used name Jaijaiwanti in her first film Thokar-1953 ( her second film kaafila -52 was released first as Ameeta,however), but he changed it to her name Ameeta from next film onwards. ( her real name was Qamar Sultana). The second example is actress Zeb Rehman who was known first as Preetibala, then she changed her name to Zeb Rehman.

The male singer in this song is Ishwarlal. ISHWARLAL was born on 9-10-1911 at Ghanghaniya,Kathewar,Gujrat, as Ishwarlal Hariprasad Doshi.

He belonged to a Jain family. His father was in Police department at Kathiawar Agency. His father died when Ishwarlal was just 3 year old and mother raised him.

After Matriculation, he completed Teaching Diploma at the age of 16, but did not a job as he was underage.He came to Bombay, where his brother had some business, in 1927 to act in films. Ishwarlal was very handsome.

He got a job in Ranjit Studios.He started with silent films at a salary of Rs. 35 pm.His first Talkie film was Bhutiya Mahal-1932.Then came Char Chakram-32.He started acting and singing in films.Initially he sang only duets.meanwhile,with Jwalamukhi-36,he became Hero.he sang many songs in Ranjit films,but the records are not available.Those days,not all songs of the film were recoded for commercial purpose.
In Billi-38,he sang a duet with Ila Devi and Sunita devi and also in Aaj ka Hindustan.In Ummeed-41,he had a duet with Nurjahan. In Pyaas-41,he sang with S.Pradhan.

In 1942,first time he got solo songs to sing in Fariyaad. In Jabaan,under C.Ramchandra,he sang 7 songs.

Some of his films were-
Diwali,Dheeraj,Chandni,bhola shikar,nadira, sitamgarh, Veer babruwahan, Barrister’s wife, College kanya, Desh dasi, Keemti aansoo
dil ka daku,Jwalamukhi,Sajni,Dil farosh,Adhuri kahani,Thokar,Holi,pyar,Bansari Lalkar,Chirag,Us paar,
He worked in Ranjit for 13 years. Then he worked with Prafull pictures, Sun art, Wadia, Hind pictures and Atre Pictures also.

In 1945,he was the hero of Nurjehan in Badi Maa,but he had no songs, infact his last songs were in Us Paar-1944. His singing stopped completely when Rafi gave him playback in film Sharbati Aankhen-45.

Then he did character roles in Subhadra,Mahasati tulsi vrinda,Sanskar,Naulakha haar,Khuda ka banda etc.

He acted in 86 films. He also directed 11 films. He sang 36 songs in 14 films. His last film released was was kahani kismet ki-73
He was married in 1931 to a loyal wife kamalabai. They had no issues. Due to excessive smoking he contracted lung diseases and died on 22-1-1969 in Bombay.

With this song, the film Billi aka The Cat-38 and the singer Ila Devi make their Debut on this Blog.


Song-Chaal chale matwaari (Billi)(1938) Singers- Ishwarlal, Ila Devi, Lyrics-P L Santoshi, MD- Gyan Dutt
Both

Lyrics

Chaal chale matwaari
gaadi Chaal chale matwaari
Chaal chale matwaari
gaadi Chaal chale matwaari

raaja jee ki ajab sawaari
Chaal chale matwaari
Raaja
haan
raaja jee ki ajab sawaari
Chaal chale matwaari
gaadi Chaal chale matwaari
Chaal chale matwaari
gaadi Chaal chale matwaari

Raaja
kahaan rakha hai mukut tumhaara

ye hai sundar pyaara pyaara
Raaja
kahaan rakha hai mukut tumhaara

ye hai sundar pyaara pyaara

baaje chidiyaghar ke raaja
baaji moorakhpur ki raani
raani jee ki ajab sawaari
raaja jee ki ajab sawaari
raani jee ki ajab sawaari
raaja jee ki ajab sawaari
Chaal chale matwaari
gaadi Chaal chale matwaari
Chaal chale matwaari
gaadi Chaal chale matwaari


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3805 Post No. : 14800

There was a time when Blog century used to be so common that there used to be as many as two such occasions every month. How times have changed. Now we have one blog century in two months !

Song post number 14600 was covered on August 2018. Next song post number 14700 was covered on 17 october 2018. Now more than two months (62 days) later, at a strike rate of less than two songs a day, now we reach song post number 14800 !

I am not able to specifically pinpoint the reasons for this slow progress. There may be several reasons. One reason could be that I have become “busy”. I would summarily reject this reason. I am not busy any more than what I was during 2011 and 2012 when the blog saw centuries every 16 days. I still recall some music lovers complaining that theere were far too many song notifications every day spamming the inboxes of the subscribers. 🙂 And curiously enough, I used to think that the number of songs being posted those days was rather low. 🙂

One reason for slow progress these days coould be because we have become rather conscious of “records”, unlike the case in the past. During 2011 and 2012, we were not conscious about YIPPEE movies, debutant movies, count of songs in the movie etc. Yhose were simple days when we just covered songs as they occured to us, with far less planning. Today, considerable time is taken up in deciding which song to cover. Since so many thousands of songs have already been covered, searching for songs to cover also takes time now a days. So many songs from yesteryears have been covered that every new song that we discuss from those years appears like a gold dust to me. Unlike in the past, we rarely discuss songs composed by Naushad, Shankar Jaikishan, O P Nayyar, S D Burman etc mainly because bulk of the songs of these composers have already been covered and we are now scraping the bottom of the barrel, as far as remaining songs of these composers are concerned.

Same is the case for singers like say Mukesh, Talat Mehmood, Suraiyya etc. Bulk of songs sung by them have already been covered. In case of K l Saigal and Suraiyya, we have covered each and every song that is available.

During the early days of the year 2018, our new year resolution of covering one debutant song and ne YIPPEE song daily was adhered to with great discipline for the first four months before this resolution had to be abandoned.

Though we in the blog seem less prolific this days, but that is more than compensated by the research work related to HFM that goes on in the background. The well researched articles full of difficult to find information that our inhouse researchers, Mr Arunkumar Deshmuh and Mr Sadanand Kamath regularly come up with have added considerably to our knowledge of forgotten artists and movies of the past. Mr Sudhir Kapur has been digging up forgotten movies of 1960s, some of them so obscure that no details were known about them till they were discussed here. So, we many have slowed down in number of posts, but the quality of posts by our inhouse research scholars remains as high as ever.

Peevesie’s mom, despite being busy, heroically comes up with articles on the occasion of anniversaries of artists and also blog regulars. Regulars like Prakashchandra, Avinash Scrapwala, Mahesh Mamadapur etc silently keep adding value to the blog. So we continue to forge ahead, even if at a slow pace than before

Whenever we discuss a blog century song, we try to combine it with some other special occasion. This blog century post number 13800 is no different. We combine this article with the blog century of an artist. With this song, lyricist Yogesh completes one hundred songs in the blog.

I have gone through the filmography of Yogesh. Here I present the full filmography of Yogesh. This should serve as a ready reference as far as the HFM career of Yogesh is concerned.

I request reders to point out errors/ omissions in the filmography so that it can be made better and more compelete.

Filmography of Yogesh
———————

SNO Movie Title (year) MD Songs of Yogesh in blog Songs of Yogesh in movie Remarks
1 Sakhi Robin (1962) Robin Bannerji 4 6 All songs by Yogesh
2 Rocket Tarzan (1963) Robin Bannerji 1 6 All songs by Yogesh
3 Krisnavtaar (1964) Suresh Kumar 1 5 Total nine songs in movie
4 Marvel Man (1964) Robin Bannerji 3 6 Total seven songs in movie
5 Flying Circus (1965) Robin Bannerji 1 6 All songs by Yogesh
6 Spy in Goa (1966) Robin Bannerji 2 6 All songs by Yogesh
7 Tarzan ki mehbooba (1966) Suresh Kumar 1 2 Total six songs in movie
8 Ek Raat (1967) Usha Khanna 3 3 Total six songs in movie. All covered
9 Anand (1971) Salil Chaudhary 4 4 Total five songs in movie. All covered
10 Nanhi Kaliyaan (1971) Surendra NIL 2 Total five songs in movie. None covered
11 Annadaata (1972) Salil Chaudhary 6 6 All songs by Yogesh. All covered
12 Anokha Daan (1972) Salil Chaudhary 4 4 Total five songs in movie. All covered
13 Bansi Birju (1972) Vijay Raghav Rao 2 7 All songs by Yogesh
14 Mere Bhaiyya (1972) Salil Chaudhary 2 3 Total five songs in movie
15 Sabse Bada Sukh (1972) Salil Chaudhary NIL 2 Total two songs in movie. None covered
16 Bada Kabootar (1973) R D Burman 1 5 All songs by Yogesh
17 Honeymoon (1973) Usha Khanna 4 4 All songs by Yogesh. All covered
18 Nanha Shikaari (1973) Bappi Lahiri NIL 2 Total five songs in movie. One covered
19 Sonal (1973) Manna Dey NIL 4 Total four songs in movie. None covered
20 Jai Radhekrishna (1974) Vasant Desai NIL 5 Total five songs in movie. None covered
21 Manzilein Aur Bhi Hain (1974) Bhupinder Soni NIL 4 Total four songs in movie. None covered
22 Rajnigandha (1974) Salil Chaudhary 2 2 All songs by Yogesh. All covered
23 Us paar (1974) S D Burman 5 5 All songs by Yogesh. All covered
24 Mazaaq (1975) R D Burman 1 2 All songs by Yogesh.
25 Mili (1975) S D Burman 3 3 All songs by Yogesh. All covered
26 Chhoti Si Baat (1976) Salil Chaudhary 3 3 All songs by Yogesh. All covered
27 Anand Mahal (1977) Salil Chaudhary 1 2 Total four songs in movie
28 Chala Murari Hero Banne(1977) R D Burman 2 6 All songs by Yogesh
29 Jeewan Mukt (1977) R D Burman NIL 4 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
30 Mamta (1977) Shyamal Mitra 1 4 All songs by Yogesh
31 Minoo (1977) Salil Chaudhary 2 5 All songs by Yogesh
32 Priyatma (1977) Rajesh Roshan 1 1 Five songs in movie. All songs covered
33 Safed Jhoothh(1977) Shyamal Mitra NIL 4 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
34 Besharam (1978) Kalyanji Anandji 1 4 All songs by Yogesh
35 Daamaad (1978) Hemant Bhonsle 1 4 All songs by Yogesh
36 Dillagi (1978) Rajesh Roshan 4 4 All songs by Yogesh. All songs covered
37 Kaanoon ka shikaar (1978) Meena Mangeshkar NIL 3 Five songs in movie. None covered
38 Pal Do Pal Ka Saath (1978) Shyam Sagar 1 1 Four songs in movie.
39 Baaton Baaton Mein (1979) Rajesh Roshan 2 2 Four songs in movie. All songs covered
40 Do Ladke Donon Kadke (1979) Hemant Kumar NIL 2 All songs by Yogesh.
41 Hamaare Tumhaare (1979) R D Burman 2 5 All songs by Yogesh
42 Jeena Yahaan (1979) Salil Chaudhary 1 3 All songs by Yogesh
43 Saahas (1979) Amin Sangeet unknown unknown Five songs in movie. Breakup of songs among lyricists (Yogesh and Anjaan) unknown
44 Love in Canada (1979) Hemant Kumar 1 5 All songs by Yogesh
45 Manzil (1979) R D Burman 4 4 All songs by Yogesh (one multiple version song)
46 Raj Kumari (1979) Suresh Kumar NIL 6 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
47 Sampark (1979) Ravindra Jain NIL 4 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
48 Apne Paraaye (1980) Bappi Lahiri 2 4 All songs by Yogesh
49 Chaalbaaz (1980) Madan Mohan NIL 4 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
50 Chemmen Lehren (1980) Salil Chaudhary NIL 4 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
51 Room No 203 (1980) Salil Chaudhary NIL 2 Four songs in movie
52 Agni Pareeksha (1981) Salil Chaudhary 4 4 All songs by Yogesh. All songs covered
53 Chalo Bhor Ke Raahi (1981) Salil Chaudhary NIL 1 One song in movie
54 Naani Maa (1981) Salil Chaudhary NIL 2 All songs by Yogesh
55 Adhoora Aadmi (1982) R D Burman NIL 5 All songs by Yogesh
56 Anokha Bandhan (1982) Usha Khanna NIL 1 Six songs in movie. None covered
57 Shaukeen (1982) R D Burman 6 6 All songs by Yogesh. All songs covered
58 Bekhabar (1983) Usha Khanna NIL 3 Six songs in movie. None covered
59 Chatpatee (1983) Basu Manohari NIL 7 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
60 Kisi Se Na Kehna (1983) Bappi Lahiri NIL 5 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
61 Pasand Apni Apni (1983) Bappi Lahiri Unknown Unknown Six songs in movie. Breakup between lyricists ( Anjaan /Yogesh) not known
62 Raaste Aur Rishte (1983) Usha Khanna NIL 5 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
63 Rang Birangi (1983) R D Burman 2 4 All songs by Yogesh
64 Hanste Khelte (1984) Govind Naresh NIL 4 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
65 Laakhon ki baat (1984) Manas Mukherji NIL 5 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
66 I love you (1985) Usha Khanna NIL 5 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
67 Ehsaan Aap Ka (1986) Ravindra Jain NIL 4 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
68 Sheesha (1986) MD-Bappi Lahiri NIL 4 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
69 Tahkhaana(1986) Ajit Singh Unknown Unknown Three songs in movie. Breakup between lyricists ( Kafeel Azar /Yogesh) not known
70 Kaal Chakra (1988) Vijay Batalvi NIL 2 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
71 Trishaagni (1989) Salil Chaudhary Only one song in the movie. According to director Nabendu Ghosh’s book, this song is penned by Nabendu Ghosh
72 Aakhri Badla (1990) Salil Chaudhary NIL 4 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
73 Pyaar Bhara Dil (1991) Nikhil Vinay NIL 6 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
74 Ganga Ka Vachan (1992) Nikhil Vinay NIL 2 Six songs in movie. None covered
75 Jeena Marna Tere Sang (1992) Dilip Sen Samir Sen NIL 1 Thirteen songs in movie. None covered
76 Jhoothhi Shaan (1992) R D Burman NIL 4 Five songs in movie. None covered
77 Umar Pachpan Ki Dil Bachpan Ka (1992) Dilip Samir NIL 7 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
78 Aaja Meri Jaan (1993) Amar Utpal NIL 4 Fourteeen songs songs in movie. None covered
79 Chor Aur Chaand (1993) Nikhil Vinay NIL 9 Ten songs in movie. None covered
80 Dil Apna Preet Paraai (1993) Usha Khanna NIL 3 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
81 Dulaara (1994) Nikhil Vinay NIL 2 Eight songs in movie. None covered
82 Shikhar (1995) Nikhil Vijay NIL 1 Ten songs in movie. None covered
83 Soorajmukhi (1995) Ajay Swami NIL 2 Eight songs in movie. None covered
84 Apne Dam Per (1996) Aadesh Srivastav NIL 1 Seven songs in movie. None covered
85 English Babu Desi Mem (1996) Nikhil Vinay NIL 6 Seven songs in movie. None covered
86 Smuggler (1996) Bappi Lahiri NIL 2 Seven songs in movie. None covered
87 Gudgudee (1997) Bappi Lahiri NIL 4 Six songs in movie. None covered
88 Ham Hain Pyaar Mein (2002) Nishaad Vaidhya NIL 6 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
89 Sssshhh… (2003) Anu Malik NIL 1 Six songs in movie. None covered
90 Dushmani (2002) Nikhil Vinay NIL 1 Five songs in movie. None covered
91 Ye Lamhe Judaai Ke (2004) Nikhil Vinay NIL 2 Eight songs in movie. None covered
92 Suno Na (2009) Sanjay Chaudhary NIL 6 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
93 Khaap (2011) Anujj Kappoo NIL 3 Nine songs in movie. None covered

Coming to the song under discussioon, the song is from “Mazaaq”(1975). This by now forgotten movie was directed by Kumar for Indira Films Bombay. The movie had Vinod Mehra, Mausami Chatterji, Aruna Irani, Ifthikhar, Mehmood, Mridula, Bhagwan, Kanhaiyyalal, Agha, Keshto Mukherji, Mukri, Ridku, Shakeel, Ratan Gaurang, Gopal Mukherji, Samar Roy, V Gopal, Viju Khote, Asrani etc in it. The movie had guest appearances by Shubha Khote, Ravi Ghosh, Paintal, and special appearances by Basu Chatterji and S Ramnathan.

This movie had only two songs in it. First song is covered in the past.

Here is the second and final song from “Mazaaq”(1975) to appear in the blog. The song is a two part song. Part one is sung by Mohammed Rafi and it is lip synced by Vinod Mehra. Part II is a duet which is sung by Mohammed Rafi and Mehmood. It is picturised on Vinod Mehra and Mehmood. The song can be described as the title song as well as “advice” song.

Yogesh is the lyricist. Music is composed by R D Burman.

I vaguely remember having heard this song and then I forgot all about this song. It was only while searching for this song and playing it that I realised that I had last heard this song more than four decades ago ! Needless to state that I had no clue about the details of this song.

In a way, this forgotten gem of a song is a song fit to be covered as a special song in the blog.

With this song, the blog ticks one more landmark. Let us hope that this musical bandwagon, whicgh is moving at a slow pace will soon gain some momentum and will hopefully pick up the speed of train 18, if not bullet train. 🙂

I take this opportunity to thank one and all whose continued support and well wishes are the fuel on which this music bandwagon feeds.

Part I


Part II

Song-Paagal zamaane mein is paagalkhaane mein(Mazaaq)(1975) Singers-Rafi, Mehmood, Lyrics-Yogesh, MD-R D Burman
Both

Lyrics

Part I
—————-
paagal zamaane mein
is paagal khaane mein
sabse tu paagal jee ban ke mil
paagal zamaane mein
is paagal khaane mein
sabse tu paagal jee ban ke mil
paagal ke liye hai maaf
kuchh bhi wo kare mazaak
sun ae mere dil
paagal zamaane mein
is paagal khaane mein
sabse tu paagal jee ban ke mil
paagal ke liye hai maaf
kuchh bhi wo kare mazaak
sun ae mere dil
arre sun ae mere dil

duniya ka ye mela
hoon phir bhi main akela
aandhi mein jaise chiraag
kaisi hai ye uljhan
ke suljhaaye jitna man
utna hi uljhe dimaag
kaabil to bhookha mare
paagal jo chaahe kare
kaisa hai mazaak
paagal zamaane mein
is pagal khaane mein
sabse tu pagal jee ban ke to mil
paagal ke liye hai maaf
kuchh bhi wo kare mazaak
sun ae mere dil
arre sun ae mere dil

jal mein dhobi pyaasa
jab dekha ye tamaasha
tab jaa ke samjha main baat
jab tak khud na chaahen
nahin dhoonden khud hum raahen
dega nahin koi saath
matlab ka hai ye jahaan
inan hai aise yahaan
bolen din ko raat
paagal zamaane mein
is pagal khane me
sabse tu pagal jee ban ke to mil
paagal ke liye hai maaf
kuchh bhi wo kare mazaak
sun ae mere dil
are sun ae mere dil

——————————
Part II
——————————
samajh hai moti teri
jab ungli hogi tedhi
tab hi to niklega ghi
thheek hai
thheek hai
kya kehne hain tere
arre yaar kasam se mere
sach baat toone kahi

ham tum kya pade pade
takte hain khade khade
kar ke dillagi
arre paagal zamaane mein
is paagal khaane mein
sabse tu paagal hi ban ke mil
paagal ke liye hai maaf
kuchh bhi wo kare mazaak
sun ae mere dil
arre sun ae mere dil

oo oo
hahahaha
bol
bol apna thhobda khol
bol
ooohahahaha

maare kaun sa jaadu
jo bankar ghoome baabu
gadbad ghotala hain kya
gadbad ghotala hai kya
gadbad ghotala hain kya
gadbad ghotala
gadbad gadbad gadbad
gadbabd
gadbad ghotala hain kya

arey fark raha kya tujh mein
aur fark raha kya mujh mein
tujhko agar doon bata
yaaron se nahin chhupa
kha pi ke maze uda
toone sach kaha
aa toone sach kaha

paagal zamaane mein
is paagal khaane mein
sabse tu paagal hi ban ke mil
paagal ke liye hai maaf
kuchh bhi wo kare mazaak
sun ae mere dil
arre sun ae mere dil


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3783 Post No. : 14765

With the advent of talkies in 1931, many new actors joined the Hindi film industry in the 1930s in addition to those who had switched over from silent films. While some actors became successful and remained active in the film industry for a long time, an overwhelming majority of actors could not be sustained for longer period in the film industry. Within this category, there were some actors who became successful in their initial stages of the filmy career, but lost the momentum of success in their later stage. While they remained active in the film industry for reasonable period, they went into oblivion and thus forgotten after the end of their filmy career.

Rama Shukul was one of such actors who despite talent and age on his side could remain active only for a decade or so. Thereafter he made some sporadic appearances films in minor roles for about another decade. Today, he has been forgotten to such an extent that no basic information about him is available on the internet other than his incomplete filmography. Luckily, I could lay my hand on an article written by Hyacinth (pseudo name of Susheela Rani) on Rama Shukul in Filmindia magazine (September 1942) based on her inter-actions with him sometime in 1942. I could also update his filmography and other information from various issues of Filmindia magazines of 1938 to 1949 and thereafter from the website, myswar.co. I also watched his four films – ‘Bhabhi’ (1938), ‘Navjeevan’ (1939), ‘Durga’ (1939) and ‘Aazaad’ (1940) which are available online to get a feel of his acting. I found Rama Shukul to be a natural actor. He looked like a seasoned actor even in his first film ‘Bhabhi’ (1938).

Rama Shukul was born in Jabalpur to Badri Prasad Shukul and Sushila Shukul in a wealthy family. His father was the District Superintendent of Police in Central Province (presently the parts of Madhya Pradesh, Chhatishgarh, Odisha and Maharashtra). Rama Shukul was the only son and therefore was pampered a lot by his father. Whenever his father was transferred, he would take with him Rama Shukul. As a result, his education was affected. He completed his Matriculation and was enrolled in Robertson College, Jabalpur for graduate study. The pampering of his father was such an extent that he gifted a car for his son to travel to the college. The whole idea of his father was to keep Rama Shukul interested in studies. However, he was more interested in sports and acting than the studies.

Rama Shukul was the college champion for three years in a row in tennis and was in the college teams for cricket, hockey and volleyball. In 1935, he participated in the Inter-Collegiate Drama Competition at Banaras Hindu University where he received the trophy for the best actor in the role of Hamlet in the drama. His father wanted to send him to England for ICS or for becoming a barrister. But Rama Shukul could barely complete his Senior Cambridge. Looking at his son’s interest in sports, his father arranged for a job for him as an Assistand Director of Physical Culture in the State at Nagpur. But the young Rama Shukul refused to accept the job saying that he was going to become a film actor. His father lost all hopes of shaping his bright career.

In 1938, Rama Shukul came to Bombay (Mumbai) to pursue an acting career in the films. But to get into the film studios, one must have reference but Rama Shukul did not have any in Mumbai. He had one friend in Mumbai, Fazal Chinoy. His father, Sir Rahimtula Chinoy was the promoter of the Indian Radio Company and the Director of the Imperial Bank of India (now State Bank of India). He was also a former member of the Indian Legislature Assembly. With his influence, Rama Shukul could get an appointment with Sir Richard Temple, the Managing Director of Bombay Talkies.

Sir Richard was impressed with his educational background. He introduced Rama Shukul to Himanshu Rai who agreed to take him as an actor. He signed a contract with Bombay Talkies in September 1938 and made it to ‘Bhabhi’ (1938) as his first film in a villainous role. The film was a box office success. In the film’s review published in ‘Filmindia’, Baburao Patel praised his acting by saying that ‘Rama Shukul is a good addition to the Indian screen. In the role of Anupam – the main obstacle in the whole scheme, he turns out to be a successful nuisance’.

Rama Shukul worked for Bombay Talkies for about 2 years during which time he acted in lead roles with Hansa Wadkar in ‘Navjeevan’ (1939) and with Devika Rani and Hansa Wadkar in ‘Durga’ (1939). In ‘Aazaad’ (1940), though Ashok Kumar and Leela Chitnis had lead roles, it was Rama Shukul pairing with Hansa Wadkar who had major presence in the film.

When he was to work opposite Devika Rani in his 5th film in Bombay Talkies, Himanshu Rai died. His death was a great shock to Rama Shukul due to his personal attachment. He was regarded as a blue-eyed boy of Himanshu Rai. Many in the Bombay Talkies had developed dislike for him as they felt that he was pampered by the boss of the Bombay Talkies. In this milieu, Rama Shukul could not continue in the Bombay Talkies for long.

His next destination was Ranjit Movietone where he acted in the second lead role in ‘Iqraar’(1942). This was followed by ‘Mehmaan’ (1942), ‘Fariyaad’ (1942) and ‘Dukh Sukh’ (1942). However, none of these films made much impact on the box office front. From 1943, he became a free-lance artist and acted in the second lead in Ramnik Productions’ ‘Dulhan’ (1943), ‘Kiran’ (1944), and ‘Gaon Ki Gori’ (1945).

By this time, his status as an actor seems to have come down from second lead actor to one among the supporting actors. In this category, he worked in Filmistan’s ‘Eight Days’ (1946) and ‘Shikari’ (1946). This was followed by ‘Mulaaqat’ (1947), ‘Shikaayat’ (1948) and ‘Meherbaani’ (1950).

After 1950, the filmy assignments of Rama Shukul seem to have dwindled significantly. His name started appearing in ‘other actors’ like in ‘Shamsheer’ (1953), ‘Sardaar’ (1955) and ‘Sitaaron Se Aage’ (1958). ‘Madhu’ (1959) was Rama Shukul’s last film as an actor when he may be around 45 years of age. I could not get any information as to how he spent rest of his life after 1959.

Despite being recognised as one of the fine actors of the 1940s, Rama Shukul had an active filmy career of about 10 years (1938-48). During his entire career, he acted in 20 films.

I am presenting ‘zara dheere ho zara dheere’ from ‘Mehmaan’ (1942) sung by Shamim Bano and Rama Shukul. The song is written by Pandit Indra and is set to music by Khemchand Prakash. This duet is actor-singer songs and is the 5th song to appear in the Blog.

Although HFGK credits the male voice in the song to Rama Shukul, in my view, it may not be his voice when I compare his voice in the songs in ‘Navjeevan’ (1939) and ‘Durga’ (1939). My hunch is that the male voice in this song may be of Bulo C Rani based on his rendition of ‘rootthna pyaar mein karwat ka badal jaana hai’ from the same film. I request the opinions from the experts on my presumption.

For the time being, however, I have retained the name of Rama Shukul as the male singer in the video caption of the song.

I find this song a sweet expression of love.


Song-Zara dheere ho zara dheere(Mehmaan)(1942) Singers-Shamim Bano, Rama Sukul, Lyrics-Pt Indra Chandra, MD-Khemchand Prakash
Both

Lyrics

zara dheere ho zara dheere
zara dheere ho zara dheere
zara dheere ho zara dheere
zara dheere ho zara dheere
saajanwa
saajaniya
saajanwa
saajaniya
zara dheere dheere
zara dheere dheere
jhoola na ho
mora naazuk jiya behlaana
o mora naazuk jiya behalaana
zara dheere ho zara dheere
zara dheere ho zara dheere

chunariya hamaari hawa ho gayi
nazariya tumhaari dawa ho gayi
chunariya hamaari hawa ho gayi
nazariya tumhaari dawa ho gayi
ye champa chameli rahi kyun akeli
bataao zara morey shyaam
ye champa chameli rahi kyun akeli
bataao zara morey shyaam
saajanwa
saajaniya
saajanwa
saajaniya
zara dheere dheere
zara dheere dheere
jhoola na ho
mora nazuk jiya behlaana
o mora najuk jiya behalaana
zara dheere ho zara dheere
zara dheere ho zara dheere
zara dheere ho zara dheere
zara dheere ho zara dheere


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3780 Post No. : 14760 Movie Count :

4036

Do you like Magic ?

I do.

Most people like magic. Right from our childhood, we have been reading stories of Magic. Good Magicians. Bad Magicians. Most fairy tales are full of magic. Magic is the escape route for the aggrieved and stressed mind. Even when we grew up,how we wished that we could do some magic and achieve what we wanted or solve the distressing problem !

Not only Children’s books, but even Mythological stories are full of Magic. No God is a God if he does not do Magic ! Every adult has a child hidden in him. Magic satiates the child’s desires. Days of real Magic were imaginary, but stage Magicians created sleight of hand shows, Hypnotism, Illusions and clever tricks on the stage to make a smart substitute for real magic.

At the same time, film makers took up interesting magical stories like Alladin to make films for their audience. Alladin, Gul e Bakavli and stories of their ilk entertained not only the children, but also adults, who lapped them up. From the Film Title Index of Hamraz ji, I counted about 36 films with the word Jadu in its titles, Magic in 10, Ram in 25, Krishna in 23, Shree in 36. Add to this, films made with other alphabets on the various saints, Gods, Satis, Matas and Bhagwan etc etc. During the 10 years period from 1950 to 1959 alone, 124 Mythological films were made !

This only shows that films having Magic were a popular brand and so ‘C’ grade films like Jadui Angoothi, Jadui Shehnai, Jadui Chitra, Jadui this and Jadui that etc were made.

One of these magic films was Jadui Bansari-48, made by Mohan Pictures-known for quickies and C grade stunt/action and fantasy films. It was directed by Nanubhai Vakil and the music was by Damodar Sharma. Lyricist was Roopbani and the cast was Amirbai Karnataki, Prakash, Ansari, Master Bachha, Anwari and others.

Talking of C grade Action,Historical, Fantasy and Costume films, in India ( and probably elsewhere in the world), there was a class of people, who not only liked these types of films but also were addicted to them. People went to theatre to forget the daily troubles of living a life and to enjoy few moments. For this purpose some people liked music, some liked emotions, some tragedy and yet some comedy. Films were made to cater to every type of audience. Due to this “speciality” actors were identified and thus we had Comedians, Tragedy Kings and queens,Great actors,Great singers and also Great Fighters.

Normally the shift of any actor from one Genre to the other was not acceptable to the audience. That is why, when the Romantic Hero of the late 30s and the 40s-Ashok Kumar acted as King Humayun and ran ( in a feminine style) with a spear in hand, in the film Humayun-1945, the audience ridiculed and laughed at him in the Theatres ! Even when Master Bhagwan acted in a serious role, the public used to laugh treating it as a comedy. Trilok Kapoor never succeeded in a social film. Of course there were some exceptional cases like actress Meena Kumari who changed over from Mythological films to social films and became No 1 star ultimately. But this was a rare and exceptional case.

Not only actors, even Directors and Producers were known for the specialities of films they made. Those who excelled in C grade films rarely tried their hand at other Genres and when they did try, they failed miserably. Here again is an exception in the form of Master Bhagwan-who transitioned from Action film to social films with his “Albela”-1951 and succeeded with this film but all his subsequent films flopped. This was because “Albela” succeeded due to extraordinary music, which could never be replicated in any of his subsequent films that followed.

There was, however one Director who was comfortable with C grade films of Magic, Action, Costume, Fantasy etc. NANUBHAI VAKIL.

Nanubhai Vakil was born in a Desai family of Valsad in Gujarat in the year 1904. In his family there were many Advocates including his father, so their family name itself became Vakil. Nanubhai came to Bombay to study Law. He completed his B.A. LL.B from Wilson College, Bombay but he did not join his family profession. Instead he was attracted towards the film world.

He joined Sharada films as a screenplay writer and later joined Ranjit films as a Director. He directed 18 silent films for Ranjit studios. However, it was Sagar Movietone which gave him the first opportunity to direct his first Talkie film. It was the First Gujarati Talkie film, “Narsimh Mehto” in 1932. After this there was no looking back. He selected and became expert in directing only Fantasy,Stunt and Costume films.
In his career from 1929 to 1973 period,he directed 20 silent and 70 Talkie films -all stunt and fantasy films, except one social film Kya yeh Bambai hai in 1959.

He was associated with Mohan pictures for a long time and directed 18 films for this company. During this period he also married his Heroine Sarojini ( real name Roshan Jehan alias Ranee). They had one daughter-AZRA, who too became an actress. Sarojini was the sister of Indurani, who was married to Ramnik Shah, owner of Mohan Pictures. Thus Ramnik and Nanubhai were ‘Sadu’s ( Co-Brothers).

Unlike most of his colleagues ,who had no formal school education ,Mr Vakil was highly educated, being B.A.L.L.B. in those days. Since beginning,he was attracted to Fantasy & Arabian Night movies.He believed that,the audience visits the cinema hall,to experience some thing,which he has not seen in his real life.He wants to be entertained & to forget the harsh realities of the outer world.Fantasy/ Costume movies transports him to an imaginary world of King & Queens,where beside the crafty Vazir,he finds gorgeous girls dancing,the handsome,manly & brave hero,rescues the pretty damsel from the clutches of evil magician.The movie come to an end and the viewers come out from the theater,happy & satisfied,since evil doers have been eliminated & brave man living happily with the petite gal,in their fairy land. Bulbul E Bagh,Rashk E Laila,Fakhr E Islam,Gulshan E Alam,Kumud Kumari were his earlier movies.

In 50s & 60s, few of his movies were, Shan E Hatim,Khul Ja Sim Sim,ShanE Khuda, Idd Ka Chand,Noor Mahal,Flying Rani,Alam Ara Ki Beti,Bansri Bala, Hatim Tai Ka Beta etc..He made remakes of many movie like Lal E Yaman, Alam Ara (Twice, in 1956 & !973) & Hatim Tai Ki Beti in 1940 & 1955. During his five decades long career, he made movies with in a small budget, with less paid actors. Nanu Bhai Vakil had two productions Companies viz Desai Films & Vakil Production. All his movies had no connect with the present. Elite & pseudo intellectuals avoided to even discuss his movies, but Vakil Sahab had a dedicated audience consisting of common public,less privileged & so called front benchers,who enjoyed his brand of cinema.

His films included less known stars like Sarojini, Navin chandra, Rafiq, Prakash,Gulnar,Daljit, Chitra etc. He also worked with Zubeida, Yakub, Jal Merchant,Jaddanbai,Shanta Hublikar, Nimmi, Veena, Jairaj, Shakila,Nirupa Roy, Nadira,Mehmood,Shobhana Samarth, Nirmala,her husband Arun Ahuja etc His MDs were also little known. However,Music Director A.R.Qureshi ( the famous Tabla Nawaz Alla Rakha-father of Zakir Hussain) gave music to his 18 films.

He never mixed with film folks and spent his life aloof. He quietly died on 29-12-1980 at Bombay.

Actress Anwari, who acted in film Jadui Bansari-48, was from a Tawayaf family of Lucknow. She started her acting career with film Heer Ranjha-32 and then she acted in film Pooran Bhagat-1932, along with K L Saigal. She joined East India Film co. and worked in films likeAurat ka pyar-33,Night Bird-34, Nagin-34 and Mumtaz Begum-34. She had also acted in another NT film Chandidas-34. She shifted her base to Bombay and worked in several films for next four decades. Her last film was Chaitali-1975. In all she did 140 films. She was known as ‘ Pride of Lucknow’ during her peak period. She was credited variously as Anwari Begum, Anwari, and Anwari bai. She expired somewhere in early 80s.

Among the old era MDs, Damodar Sharma was different, in the sense that his songs were always unlike those of his contemporaries. When you hear today’s song, you will notice that difference. From 1934 to 1948, he gave music to just 41 films. All his films were C grade films made by Paramount, Liberty, Ramnik Productions, Mohan Pictures and others. After 1948, he stopped getting films, so he worked as assistant to MD A.R.Qureshi till 1964. Today’s song is sung by Amirbai Karnataki and A.R.Oza.

Amritlal R. Oza was a Nagar Bramhin from Gujarat. He joined Ranjit when Khemchand Prakash, Gyan Dutt and Bulo C Rani were paid musicians there. His first song came in Pujari-46. He was very friendly with Bulo C Rai and Hansraj behl. He sang maximum songs for them only. At the same time he sang in Gujarati films and he became very famous and popular there.

Some Hindi films in which he sang are, Lakhon mein ek-47, Nanad Bhojai-48, Bichhade Balam-49( he sang with Meenakumari also), Bhool Bhulaiyan-49, Nili-50 etc. He sang 39 songs in 23 Hindi films,but sang much and many more in Gujarati. After retirement he settled in Ahmedabad, where he died on 13-5-1985.

Let us now enjoy this fast paced lovely duet from Film Jadui Bansari-48, which makes its Debut on the Blog.


Song-Ghar ghar yahi prachaar karo (Jaadui Bansari)(1948) Singers- Amirbai Karnataki, A R Oza, Lyrics- Roopvani, MD- Damodar Sharma
Male chorus
All together

Lyrics

Ghar ghar yahi prachaar karo
duniya waalon pyaar karo
Ghar ghar yahi prachaar karo
duniya waalon pyaar karo

pyaar se jab dil milte hain
pyaar se jab dil milte hain

man ke kamal tab khilte hain
man ke kamal tab khilte hain
jeet karo ya haar karo
jeet karo ya haar karo

duniya waalon pyaar karo
duniya waalon pyaar karo
Ghar ghar yahi prachaar karo
duniya waalon pyaar karo

apna kaho to apna jaano
preet ki reet ko tum pehchaano
apna kaho to apna jaano
preet ki reet ko tum pehchaano
sabse naina chaar karo
sabse naina chaar karo

duniya waalon pyaar karo
duniya waalon pyaar karo
Ghar ghar yahi prachaar karo
duniya waalon pyaar karo
Ghar ghar yahi prachaar karo
duniya waalon pyaar karo

hamne dekho
hamne dekho pyaar kiya hai
jooton(?) ka vyapaar kiya hai
hamne dekho pyaar kiya hai
jooton(?) ka vyopaar kiya hai

tum bhi ye vyapaar karo
tum bhi ye vyapaar karo

duniya waalon pyaar karo
duniya waalon pyaar karo
Ghar ghar yahi prachaar karo
duniya waalon pyaar karo
Ghar ghar yahi prachaar karo o


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3774 Post No. : 14752

Today’s song is a very melodious duet by Surendra and Waheedan Bai, in film Alibaba-1940.

Alibaba’s story is from Arabian Nights stories and is one of the most popular stories around the world. No wonder, our film makers took up this story. Films with ‘Alibaba’ title were made in 1940, 1946 and 1976. Films with ‘Alibaba and 40 Thieves’ title were made in 1932, 54, 66, 80 and 2004. ‘Alibaba and Marjina’ was made in 1977. There may be some more which I have missed. Comparatively, more films were made on Alladin and his Magic Lamp. After all magic has its own attraction. Even in silent era films were made on these two characters.

After the successful film ‘Ek Hi Rasta’ (1939), Mehboob started work on ‘Alibaba’. He had made the beginning of his film career by acting in the silent film on Alibaba. He was one of the 40 thieves ! By now, due to his continuous success, Sagar Movietone had benefited much and he was highly respected in the company. Besides Mehboob, Sagar Movietone had a team of other directors like CM Luhar, Sarvottam Badami, Hiren Bose, Ramchandra Thakur etc. They too were making films for Sagar. However, their films were not as successful as those by Mehboob. In addition, the onset of Second World War had a negative impact on Sagar and it went into loss. Soon, the owners decided to close the company.

By this time, Mehboob was ready with all the arrangements to start the shooting of ‘Alibaba’. Closing down of Sagar was a shock to him. He approached Ardeshir Irani of Imperial and asked for permission to shoot his film there. Irani was very happy. The novice ‘extra’ who had worked in his company – without pay for first five months – had now become acclaimed top class successful Director. Irani was proud of Mehboob. He gladly permitted him to shoot his entire film there.

In the film ‘Alibaba’, Surendra was to do the double role of Alibaba and his son. Now, Mehboob needed two heroines. He selected Waheedan Bai and Sardar Akhtar. Akhtar was the youner sister of Bahar – wife of AR Kardar. In an article in Filmfare dated 16-8-1957, Mehboob wrote “the moment I saw Sardar Akhtar, I fell for her and knew that one day she will be my wife.” Sure enough, he married her later.

It was during the shooting of film ‘Aurat’ (1940), Mehboob was attracted towards Jyoti – sister of Waheedan Bai and one of the cast of Aurat – and he started spending time with her, having tea together, lunch together etc. Sardar Akhtar noticed this and played her cards well. She encouraged Jyoti to accept outside film offers lest she would be out of circulation. Then she poisoned Mehboob by telling him that Jyoti was not a good girl and that she was more interested in outside film roles. Consequently, Jyoti’s role in film ‘Aurat’ was reduced. By the time film ‘Aurat’ was completed, Akhtar had fully influenced Mehboob and then insisted on getting married. He too wanted it and they got married just before the film was released.

Mehboob had wanted to make ‘Alibaba’ in Hindi and Punjabi. Anil Biswas was his pet MD for so many films. He asked Anil da to do the music of Hindi and Punjabi versions. Anil da flatly refused saying that he did not know Punjabi. Even after lot of discussion, he was not ready. Mehboob left the matter as it is. After a week or so, there appeared a news in papers that “. . . Anil Biswas, a Bengali, gives music to Hindi films but can not give music to Punjabi films”. Someone showed this news to Anil Biswas. He was agitated and ran to Mehboob. Anil da said, “OK, I will give music in any language that you make films in. French, English, Arabic, Spanish – any language, but stop spoiling my reputation.”  Mehboob just smiled and said, “Ja Bangali ja. Punjabi gaanon ko music de “. Anil Biswas sought assistance from a Punjabi technician Shahji, who helped him to understand the basic naunces of Punjabi music. The music he ended up composing for the Punjabi version was much better than the one given to Hindi version, according to Anil Biswas himself !

Basic Arabian Night story was adapted for Hindi by Dr. Safdar Aah and for Punjabi, it was Lala Yaqub. The Punjabi lyrics were by Shah Aziz. For film ‘Alibaba’, Mehboob had 4 assistant directors, Chimankant Gandhi, Jagdish Coopal (he also did a small role in the film), Narwekar and Gazi Banwali.

Mehboob Khan came up from a very poor family and he had to struggle hard to reach this stage. So he knew how it feels to miss opportunities to make it big. He himself had lost the opportunity to become a hero twice. First when he was almost selected for ‘Alam Ara’ (1931), vacating for Master Vithal and second time for film ‘Shehar Ka Jaadu’ (1934), this time making way for debutante Motilal.

Mehboob helped many actors to start their careers or do a memorable role first time, in his films, like Sitara Devi, Aruna, Surendra, Maya Banerjee, Arun Ahuja, Harish Taranath, Sheikh Mukhtar, Jyoti, Waheedan Bai, Sardar Akhtar, Veena and Nargis. Mehboob also gave Raj Kapoor his first big and famous film – ‘Andaz’ (1949).

Mehboob was very strict but also kind hearted when it came to remembering people who had helped him in some way. Much of the shooting of ‘Mother India’ (1957) was in rural area of Bilimora, Kolhapur and Nashik. In village Shiroli, near Kolhapur, when the shooting was going on, a major portion of the harvest in the field of a farmer was destroyed. Mehboob Khan met that farmer, apologized and paid fully for all damages. Not only that, when he learnt that the farmer and his family has never seen Bombay, he brought all of them to Bombay , at company’s expenses, and showed them around for a week. In addition, when film ‘Mother India’ was to be released in Rajaram Talkies in Kolhapur, Mehboob wrote to the distributor at Kolhapur to invite the farmer’s family as a special guest for the film premier !

Mehboob Khan’s life is nothing short of a film story. There are many things which have to be brought to people to focus on his qualities. An illiterate village boy touching the sky with hard work and determination is his life story.

Today’s song is very melodious and I liked it. I am sure you too will like it.

[Acknowledgement: Most part of the write up uses the information from the books, ‘Mehboob Khan’ by Shashikant Kinikar and ‘Cinemacha Cinema’ by Isak Mujawar).


Song – Dil Ka Saaz Bajaaye Jaa  (Alibaba) (1940) Singer – Surendra, Waheedan Bai, Lyrics – Dr Aah Sitapuri, Music – Anil Biswas

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

hmmmm mmmmm

aaaa aaaa
dil ka saaz bajaaye ja
aaaaaaa
dil ka saaz bajaaye ja
jis taar mein tere naghme hain
jis taar mein tere naghme hain
mizraab usi pe lagaaye ja
mizraab usi pe lagaaye ja
dil ka saaz bajaaye ja
aaaaaa
dil ka saaz bajaaye ja

ae. . . pyaare geet sunaaye ja
ae. . . pyaare geet sunaaye ja
baithi hoon ishq ke jhoole mein
baithi hoon ishq ke jhoole mein
main sadqe peeng badhaaye ja
main sadqe peeng badhaaye ja
ae. . . pyaare geet sunaaye ja
ae. . . pyaare geet sunaaye ja

ye beda paar lagaaye ja
ye beda paar lagaaye ja
dariya e mohabbat gehra hai
dariya e mohabbat gehra hai
haaaa aaa
dil ki naav chalaaye ja..aa..aa
dil ki naav chalaaye ja
har baar mujhe apnaaye ja
har baar mujhe apnaaye ja
ye mera tera farq mitey
ye mera tera farq mitey
tu dil mein yun hi samaaye ja
tu dil mein yun hi samaaye ja
ye mera tera farq mitey
ye mera tera farq mitey
tu dil mein yun hi samaaye ja
tu dil mein yun hi samaaye ja..aa..aa

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

हम्ममम मम्ममम

आsss आsss
दिल का साज बजाए जा
आsss
दिल का साज बजाए जा
जिस तार में तेरे नग़में हैं
जिस तार में तेरे नग़में हैं
मिज़राब उसी पे लगाए जा
मिज़राब उसी पे लगाए जा
दिल का साज बजाए जा
आsss
दिल का साज बजाए जा

ए॰॰॰ प्यारे गीत सुनाये जा
ए॰॰॰ प्यारे गीत सुनाये जा
बैठी हूँ इश्क़ के झूले में
बैठी हूँ इश्क़ के झूले में
मैं सदक़े पींग बढ़ाए जा
मैं सदक़े पींग बढ़ाए जा
ए॰॰॰ प्यारे गीत सुनाये जा
ए॰॰॰ प्यारे गीत सुनाये जा

ये बेड़ा पार लगाए जा
ये बेड़ा पार लगाए जा
दरिया ए मोहब्बत गहरा है
दरिया ए मोहब्बत गहरा है
हाsss आsss
दिल की नाव चलाये जा॰॰आ॰॰आ
दिल की नाव चलाये जा
हर बार मुझे अपनाए जा
हर बार मुझे अपनाए जा
ये मेरा तेरा फ़र्क मिटे
ये मेरा तेरा फ़र्क मिटे
तू दिल में यूं ही समाये जा
तू दिल में यूं ही समाये जा
ये मेरा तेरा फ़र्क मिटे
ये मेरा तेरा फ़र्क मिटे
तू दिल में यूं ही समाये जा
तू दिल में यूं ही समाये जा॰॰आ॰॰आ


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3770 Post No. : 14745 Movie Count :

4031

With today’s song, I am introducing not only a Debuting film, but also a great stage actor singer of the Marathi Theatre of yore. The film is Charnon ki daasi-1941 and the singer is Master Avinash.

In the early era of the Hindi films, there were many local artistes, as Bombay was the centre of not only Films but also of Industries, which made it a land of opportunities. Initially the 1930’s film music was, as we all know, greatly influenced by Marathi Natya Sangeet, Hindi classical music and Parsee/Gujarati stage songs. There were musical stalwarts like Annasaheb Mainkar, Master Krishnarao Phulambrikar, Madholal Master, Pransukh Nayak, S.P.Rane, Hari Prasanna Das, Lallubhai Nayak, Brijlal Varma, Nagardas Nayak, Govindrao Tembe, Keshavrao Bhole, Prof. B.R.Deodhar, Dada Chandekar etc etc.

Most of them came to films after working for stage dramas and hence their music was sounding same, whoever was the Music Director. Similarly, singers, who sang on the stage too tried their hand at the film music. However, most such singers failed to impress and their careers did not last long.

Those who are conversant with Marathi Natya Sangeet must be aware of the contributions made by musicians like Deenanath Mangeshkar and Bal Gandharva. The Mangeshkar legacy goes on and on even today. Ganpatrao Laxmanrao Mohite aka Master Avinash was also a tall figure in Natya Sangeet. Master Avinash (1909-2009) was trained in music by Deenanath Mangeshkar and was trained in acting by Chintamanrao Kolhatkar- a great Marathi stage actor.

Avinash was one of those, who were with Balwant Sangeet Mandali, since its inception in 1918. This drama company was established by Master Deenanath Mangeshkar along with Chintamanrao Kolhatkar and Krishnarao Kolhapure. From the beginning, Avinash used to do female roles and his name was taken along with Bal Gandharva, in this respect. Due to his singing skill, he was quite a popular actor on the stage. Several of his Natya Geet records came into market and sold very well.

Master Avinash was simply ” Ganu Mama ” to Mangeshkar family. Though the patriarch of the M-family expired in 1942, Avinash survived almost 70 years (67 to be exact) after him. They were very close, hence a respected person for the M-family. He could, till his end, tell them his experiences with Deenanath and many others of that era. He taught some songs to baby Lata, when she was so small. Surprisingly, till he died in 2009, at the age of 101, his memory and health was very good.

He acted in most dramas written by Acharya Atre (P.K.Atre of Navyug Films and Atre Pictures) as well as all his Marathi films. However, Avinash worked only in one Hindi film-Charnon ki Daasi-41, which was a remake of Marathi film, Paayachi Daasi. By the time he appeared in this film in 1941, his singing and acting style was becoming outdated, for the Hindi audience. New styles of Music and young new actors had entered Hindi films. In any case, he was very successful on Marathi stage, so he did not bother to work in Hindi films.

As per an article on him, in The Times of India of 16-5-2002, he was a good cricketer, a wrestler, actor, singer and Music Director. Daily exercises must have kept him going healthy till the last. He remembered many anecdotes of old times, actors and especially of Deenanath Mangeshkar. He had a good collection of old photos and cuttings to show to the TOI reporter, who took his interview. In most Marathi films, he worked as a Hero opposite Vanmala. In film Charnon ki Daasi also they are the lead pair. Acharya Atre gave him the name Avinash for the stage. His popularity made his name a rage and many new born children were given his name in those years.

Film Charnon ki Daasi was written by P.K.Atre. It was directed by Gajanan Jahagirdar and was produced by Atre Pictures. The Music Director was Annasaheb Mainkar ( there were 3 Annasahebs in Hindi film Music. One was Mainkar, second was Datta Korgaonkar and third was C.Ramchandra. All were called Annasaheb) and the lyricist was Pt. Anand Kumar. The cast was Durga Khote, Vanmala, Gajanan Jahagirdar, Master Avinash, Kusum Deshpande, Nazeer Bedi, Ramesh, Sudhir and many others.

It was a typical Marathi reform social consisting of the age old friction of ” Saas-Bahu “. Durga Khote was the evil mother in law, who tortures the educated daughter in law-Vidya (Vanmala), with husband Murari (Avinash) protesting meekly. After the interval and towards the last part, the husband decides to be tough with his mother and the shocked saas surrenders and makes the Bahu head of the affairs. However, true to the middle class philosophy, the good Bahu returns the honour to the Saas and requests her to continue as family head ( minus the torture part, obviously), gives a very big speech and all is well in the end. The spice was added by the widowed Nanad- Champa (Kusum Deshpande). Gajanan Jahagirdar played Anokheram, the village scoundrel flirt, who is duly punished by the bahu, in the end.

In the advertisement of the film, the educational achievements of Vanmala-B.A., B.T. and Gajanan Jahagirdar- B.A. and Kusum Deshpande- B.A. was mentioned boldly and prominently.

Acharya Atre aka Pralhad Keshav Atre ( 13-8-1898 to 13-6-1969) was a Marathi-Hindi director and controversial literary figure in post-WW1 Maharashtra. Educated at the universities of Bombay and London; he studied experimental psychology under Cyril Burt and taught at Harrow before returning to India.

Owner-editor of populist down-market ” Maratha” newspaper; he was one-time Congress Party MLA. Later he became anti congress. He was Author of 22 plays, 13 short-story collections, four books of poetry and a 4-volume autobiography (Atre, 1965-7).

He was Teacher and producer of several school textbooks, often calling himself Principal Atre in his film credits. Aggressive polemicist remembered for famous literary battles with N.S. Phadke and Mama Warerkar.

He owned Chitramandir Studio/Atre Pictures (1940), the Atre Printing Press (1944) and Atre Arts (1968). He started his Film career by adapting his own short stories for Master Vinayak (Brahmachari, 1938; Brandichi Batli, 1939). He became a leading independent scenarist (e.g. Raja Rani, 1942) and pioneered the entry of new literary modes emerging from non-fictional prose into post-Independence Marathi film. His chosen genre was political satire, usually directed against the realist conventions of pre-WW1 social reform novels with their caste biases and Anglophilia.

However, his best-known film as director was the bitter-sweet melodrama Shyamchi Aai. Wrote plays in many genres: thrillers (To Mee Navhech), tragedies (rewriting the reformist Sangeet Natak playwright Ram Ganesh Gadkari and his own Udyacha Sansar) and satire. Noted scripts: Dharmaveer, Premveer, Begunah (all 1937), Ardhangi/ Ghar Ki Rani, Lapandav (both 1940). Preferred to hire directors rather than to direct. Produced and wrote his own movies, often starring actress Vanmala, through his Atre Pics, founded in 1940.

Gajanan Jahgirdar (2-4-1907 to 13-8-1988) the director of this film was the first Director of FTII in 1960. He is probably the only person in India at least, who has written 2 autobiographies-in 1971 and in 1986. He worked in 147 films and directed 17 films. He also wrote some songs in film Sant Tulsidas-1934.

Let us now listen to the first song of Master Avinash here. He makes his Debut and with this song, the film also makes its Debut.


Song-Teri gali mein aaya saudaagar (Charnon Ki Daasi)(1941) Singer-Master Avinash, Lyrics-Pt Anand Kumar, MD-Annasahab Mainkar

Lyrics

teri gali mein aaya saudaagar
kar le jawaani ka mol
kar le jawaani ka mol
meri sajni
kar le jawaani ka mol
meri sajni
kar le jawaani ka mol

teri zulfen rahin hain machal
tae ne keenhe hain naagan ke bal
tere abroo ne talwar taani hai amdaar
naina rahe munh se bol
tere naina rahe munh se bol
meri sajni
kar le jawaani ka mol
meri sajni
kar le jawaani ka mol
gori
teri gali mein aaya saudaagar
kar le jawaani ka mol
kar le jawaani ka mol
meri sajni
kar le jawaani ka mol
meri sajni
kar le jawaani ka mol

teri bindi pe daali nazar
goya sooraj raha ho nikhar
tere surme ki dhaar
phooti chhaathi ke paar
gayi chitwan kaleje ko chhod
gayi chitwan kaleje ko chhod
meri sajni
kar le jawaani ka mol
meri sajni
kar le jawaani ka mol
gori
teri gali mein aaya saudaagar
kar le jawaani ka mol
kar le jawaani ka mol
meri sajni
kar le jawaani ka mol
meri sajni
kar le jawaani ka mol

tere gaalon ke donon ghadhe
tere gaalon ke donon ghadhe
hain khumaari mein lab tak bhare
hain khumaari mein lab tak bhare
tere honthon ki thirkan
gaalon ki ubhran
thhodi ka til hai amol
teri thhodi ka til hai amol
meri sajni
kar le jawaani ka mol
meri sajni
kar le jawaani ka mol
gori
teri gali mein aaya saudaagar
kar le jawaani ka mol
kar le jawaani ka mol
meri sajni
kar le jawaani ka mol
meri sajni
kar le jawaani ka mol

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
———————————————————

तेरी गली में आया सौदागर
करले जवानी का मोल
करले जवानी का मोल
मेरी सजनी
करले जवानी का मोल
मेरी सजनी
करले जवानी का मोल

तेरी ज़ुल्फें रहीं हैं मचल
तैने कीन्हे हैं नागन के बल
तेरे अबरू ने तलवार तानी है अमदार
नैना रह मुंह से बोल
तेरे नैना रह मुंह से बोल
मेरी सजनी
करले जवानी का मोल
मेरी सजनी
करले जवानी का मोल
गोरी
तेरी गली में आया सौदागर
करले जवानी का मोल
करले जवानी का मोल
मेरी सजनी
करले जवानी का मोल
मेरी सजनी
करले जवानी का मोल

तेरी बिंदी पे डाली नज़र
गोया सूरज रहा हो निखर
तेरे सुरमे की धार
फूटी छाती के पार
गई चितवन कलेजे को छोल
गई चितवन कलेजे को छोल
मेरी सजनी
करले जवानी का मोल
मेरी सजनी
करले जवानी का मोल
गोरी
तेरी गली में आया सौदागर
करले जवानी का मोल
करले जवानी का मोल
मेरी सजनी
करले जवानी का मोल
मेरी सजनी
करले जवानी का मोल

तेरे गालों के दोनों घड़े
तेरे गालों के दोनों घड़े
हैं खुमारी में लब तक भरे
हैं खुमारी में लब तक भरे
तेरे होठों की थिरकन
गालों की उभरन
ठोड़ी का तिल है अमोल
तेरी ठोड़ी का तिल है अमोल
मेरी सजनी
करले जवानी का मोल
मेरी सजनी
करले जवानी का मोल
गोरी
तेरी गली में आया सौदागर
करले जवानी का मोल
करले जवानी का मोल
मेरी सजनी
करले जवानी का मोल
मेरी सजनी
करले जवानी का मोल


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3770 Post No. : 14744 Movie Count :

4030

Kikubhai Desai who was the producer-director of many successful stunt films during 1930s and early 40s, may not be known to most of the present generation movie buff or even immediate preceding generation. However, if it is revealed that he was the father of Manmohan Desai, the producer-director of many block buster films during 1960s through 1980s, some of the movie enthusiastic especially the movie fans of Manmohan Desai, may develop interest in knowing Kikubhai Desai.

I first came to know about Kikubhai Desai in one of the old issues of ‘Filmindia’ magazine about 5 years back as a producer/director of a stunt film( I have forgotten the name of the movie). While covering rare songs from films of 1930s and 40s during 2015, I came across the information that Kikubhai Desai was the father of Subhash and Manmohan Desai ! This revelation generated interest in me to know about him in detail. In my article posted in the Blog about 2 years back, I had made a brief mention about the filmy career of Kikubhai Desai. Thereafter, I lost track and did not pursue the subject further.

Recently, while flipping through the pages of January 1942 issue if ‘Filmindia’ magazine, I came across a small news about the sudden death of Kikubhai Desai on November 26, 1941 when he was giving finishing touches to his comedy film ‘Sheikh Chilli’ (1942). This reminded me of my unfinished work to get Kikubhai Desai’s life profile and his filmy career more vigorously than before.

Kikubhai B. Desai (1902-26/11/1941) was born in Sandalpur (now in Navsari district of Gujarat) in an Anavil Brahmin family. Not much is known about his educational background. In 1925, Kikubhai Desai joined as Manager in Jupiter Film Company which was soon taken over by Nanubhai Desai, (father of actress Bindu), one of the two founders of Sharda Pictures, the other being Bhogilal Dave.

However, Nanubhai Desai retired from the partnership in Sharda Pictures and decided to join hands with Ardeshir Irani to set up Sagar Films (Later renamed as Sagar Movietone). Due to some last minute disagreement, Nanubhai Desai withdrew from Sagar Films before it was set up and started Saroj Pictures (later renamed as Saroj Movietone in 1931). He made Kikubhai to handle the film distribution in Punjab and Bangalore branches for Saroj Pictures.

In 1929, Kikubhai visited Bangalore (Bengaluru) and met Haribhai Desai, the proprietor of Surya Film Company who was also his relative. At that time, Surya Films was making its first silent film ‘Raj Hriday’. Haribhai told him that if he has come to enjoy only the colourful world of film industry, he would be sent back home. If he was prepared to work hard and learn the nuances of the film making, he will put him in production department. So Kikubhai started his work from the production department.

When ‘Raj Hriday’ was completed, Kikubhai Desai was made in charge of publicity department. Although compared to production department, publicity department was not a high profile work at that time. Kikubhai felt that he would miss working among the hero-heroines of the films with lot of activities and fun on the set. However, in the absence of any other work opportunity, he reluctantly accepted the change of work. Kikubhai tried new way of publicity for ‘Raj Hriday’ (1929). He got printed a large quantity of attractive pamphlets of the films and got them dropped from the plane in Mumbai. Such publicity was done for the first time. Kikubhai’s novelty in the publicity of the film impressed Haribhai so much that he made him Manager of his Bombay (Mumbai) distribution office.

In Mumbai, Kikubhai’s novel way of publicity of ‘Raj Hriday’ had a positive impact on the film which became a hit. Producers from other banners started giving him contract for the publicity of their films. He did this work for about 2 years during which time he had earned sufficient income to establish his own film production company, Paramount Films and the Paramount Studio at Andheri East in 1931. The banner produced its first silent film, ‘Fauladi Pahelwan’ (1931). Jayant Desai directed the film with Chandrarao Kadam and Miss Nirmala in the lead. In all, Kikubhai produced 8 silent films during 1931-33.

‘Husn Ka Ghulam’ (1933) was Paramount’s first talkie film made under the banner of Saroj Movietone. Thereafter, he produced on an average 3 films every year. None of the online sources give complete list of the filmography of Kikubhai Desai. Manmohan Desai had once mentioned, among other things, that his father had produced/directed 31 talkies during 1931-41. With this vital information, I set upon preparing the filmography of Kikubhai Desai. It was not an easy task to prepare an exhaustive list of films produced by Kikubhai Desai. Sometime his name was mentioned as K B Desai or K Desai. He had also produced films under the banners of India Liberty Films/ Great India Films in addition to his main banner, Paramount Films. I had to rely on the posters/advertisements of the films for confirmations.

Following is the list of films produced by him some of which he directed:

Sr. No. Name of the film Director Banner
01 Husn Ka Ghulam (1933) J P Advani Paramount/Saroj
02 Baghdad Ka Chor (1934) D N Madhok Paramount
03 Hoor-E-Baghdad (1934) R N Vaidya Paramount
04 Chalta Purza (1934) R N Vaidya Paramount
05 Khooni Khanjar (1935) R N Vaidya /Kikubhai Desai Paramount
06 Jaadui Danda (1935) Dwarka Khosla Paramount
07 Tufaani Tamancha (1935) R N Vaidya Paramount
08 Burkhawaali (1936) Kikubhai Desai India Liberty
09 Laal Panja (1936) Kikubhai Desai Paramount
10 Farz-E-Ada(1936) A M Khan India Liberty
11 Bansari Baala (1936) A M Khan India Liberty
12 Guru Ghantal (1937) Kikubhai Desai India Liberty
13 Kaala Bhoot (1937) A M Khan India Liberty
14 Taranhaar (1937) Kikubhai Desai India Liberty
15 Sinhaldweep Ki Sundari (1937) Kikubhai Desai Indis Liberty
16 Alladdin aur Jaadui Chiraag (1938) Nanubhai Vakil India Liberty
17 Baanke Saanwaria (1938) Nanubhai Vakil India Liberty
18 Madhraat Ka Mehmaan (1938) Kikubhai Desai India Liberty
19 Madhu Bansari (1939) Kikubhai Desai Paramount
20 Sunehri Toli/Golden Gang (1939) Kikubhai Desai Paramount
21 Sansar Naiyya (1939) Nanubhai Vakil Paramount
22 Reshmi Saari (1940) G P Pawar Paramount
23 Golibaar (1940) Nanubhai Vakil Paramount
24 Sneh Bandhan (1940) J P Advani Great India
25 Aflatoon Aurat/ Amazon (1940) Kikubhai Desai Paramount
26 Akela (1941) Pessi Karani Great India
27 Mere Raja (1941) T S Mani Paramount
28 Circus Ki Sundari/Circus Queen (1941) Balwant Bhatt Paramount
29 Sheikh Chilli (1942) Kikubhai Desai Paramount

This list has been vetted by Harish Raghuvanshi ji, the Film Historian who added 4 films to this list making it 29 out of 31 mentioned by Manmohan Desai. The remaining 2 films may be the ones which were under production at the time of Kikubhai Desai’s death in 26/11/1941. Incidentally, for ‘Dashavatar’ (1951) produced under the banner of J K Films and directed by Jayant Desai, the name of Kikubhai Desai has been mentioned as producer. This may be one of the two unfinished films of Kikubhai Desai which may have been taken over by J K Films with new cast and crew.

From the titles of the films listed above, it is clear that Kikubhai Desai specialised in producing mainly stunt films. He seems to have shifted to producing romantic/social films like ‘Sneh Bandhan’ (1940), ‘Akela’ (1941) and a comedy film ‘Sheikh Chilli’ (1942).

I have noted from the star cast of the films produced under the banners of Paramount Films, India Liberty Films and Great India Films that Gohar Karnataki, Miss Pokhraj, Miss Moti, Shiraz, Gulab, Shankar Vazare, Navinchandra, Dalpat, Sardar Mansoor etc were the main actors. Damodar Sharma was the music director for as many as 23 films out of 29 films listed above.

As mentioned earlier, during the final touches to the film ‘Sheikh Chilli’ (1942) which was produced and directed by Kikubhai Desai, he collapsed and died of rupture in appendix on November 26, 1941 at the age of 39.

The sudden death of Kikubhai Desai created a void in his film production companies, Paramount Films and India Liberty Films/Great India Films. At the time of his death, besides ‘Sheikh Chilli’ (1942) which was at the editing stage, two more films were under initial stages of productions. All the works came to a standstill. His two sons, Subhash Desai and Manmohan Desai and a daughter were minors. With heavy liabilities and debts, Kikubhai’s wife decided to sell their big bungalow in Varsova with a fleet of cars and other assets of the film production companies except the Paramount Studio at Andheri (now Filmalaya Studio). She leased the Paramount Studio to Shiraz Ali Hakim on a monthly rental of Rs.500/- for the sustenance of the family. After selling the bungalow, the entire family shifted to Khetwadi in South Mumbai.

‘Circus Ki Sundari’ aka ‘Circus Queen’ (1941) was released on November 28, 1941 (2 days after the sudden death of Kikubhai Desai, the producer of the film) in Mumbai at Super Talkies. The film was directed by Balwant Bhatt. The star cast included Miss Moti, Jal Merchant, Gulab, S L Puri, Bose, Dhulia, A. Karim, Agha, Rekha etc.

The film was shot inside a real circus with its complete paraphernalia of artists and the wild animals. Probably, it was for the first time in India that a film was shot in the actual lions and tigers cages of a circus. Miss Moti must be a courageous girl do the shooting in the midst of lions and tigers. The story of the film runs more or less on the same lines which has been used in many stunt films of that time.

There is a weak King (S L Puri) who has a popular younger brother-prince named Pratap (Jal Merchant). There is a good prime minister and a wicked woman called Shyama Devi (Gulab) who lives with the King. Lastly, there is a gang of ruffians to complete the ingredients for a stunt film.

A circus is camped in the King’s capital in which an artist named Sundari (Miss Moti) acts with wild animals including lions and tigers. King is impressed with Sundari and wants her to be his mistress. He assigns this task to his henchmen. It so happens that Prince Pratap, King’s brother accidentally meets Sundari and they fall in love.

Now comes a third angle in the guise of Shyamla Devi who though lives with the King but likes to flirt with Prince Pratap. She hatches a plot to overthrow the King but on each occasion, the wise prime minister frustrates her efforts. So it is a three-way war for the supremacy – the King and his henchmen for bringing Sundari for him, Prince Pratap and Sundari to turn their love into a marriage and Shymala Devi and her ruffians to overthrow the King. All the three groups work simultaneously to achieve their respective goals. The end result is that Shyamla Devi dies in a large pot of burning oil. prince Pratap gets Sundari with the blessings of the King. The prime minister becomes victorious. [Paraphrased from the review of the film published in January 1942 issue of ‘Film India’ magazine].

The film had 10 songs which were written by P L Santoshi and A Karim. But the division of the songs between the two lyricists is not known. All the songs were set to music by Khan Mastana.

I present the first among 10 songs ‘le chal ri saagar par naiyya’ from the film ‘Circus Ki Sundari’ (1941). The song is sung by actor-singer Miss Moti.

With this song, ‘Circus Ki Sundari/Circus Queen’ (1941) makes a debut in the Blog.

Acknowledgements:
———————–
1. I am grateful to Harish Raghuvanshi ji for providing me with the material on the early life and filmy career of Kikubhai Desai. He also sent me the scanned copies of the 3 pages from the Gujarati book ‘Sapna Na Saudagar’ written by Vitthal Pandya. He also helped me in updating the list of talky films produced/directed by Kikubhai Desai.

2. ‘Manmohan Desai’s Enchantment of the Mind’ by Connie Haham. Some pages were available online through Google Books in which Manmohan Desai talked about his father and their early days in Khetwadi (South Mumbai).

3. ‘The Advent of Sound in Indian Cinema’ by Virchand Dharamsey – published in the ‘Journal of the Moving Image’ as a research article (Pages 22 to 49).

Audio Clip:

Song-Le chal ri saagar paar (Circus Queen)(1941) Singer-Miss Moti, MD-Khan Mastana

Lyrics

le chal ri saagar paar
naiyya
le chal ri saagar paar
saagar paar sunhari duniya
saagar paar sunhari duniya
rehti sada bahaar
roop jawaani raaja raani
roop jawaani raaja raani
mil gaayen malhaar
mil gaayen malhaar
naiyya
le chal re saagar paar

chalna haule haule
naiyya
chalna haule haule
beech bhanwar na dole
chalna haule haule
naiyya
chalna haule haule
beech bhanwar na dole
sang na khewanhaar
sang na khewanhaar
le chal ri saagar paar
naiyya
le chal ri saagar paar
naiyaa
le chal ri saagar paar


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 14800 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3800 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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