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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘Actor-Singer


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3926 Post No. : 14994 Movie Count :

4103

Today’s song is from an old film of the first decade of the Talkie films-Mera Haq aka In search of happiness-39.

When New Theatres in Calcutta started making Talkie films, very soon their Bi-lingual films became very popular. There were quite a few reasons like, good actors, good songs and good distribution network pan India. However, I think, the most important reason of their success was that their films were primarily based on well known novels, dramas and stories. B N Sircar had understood that if the story is strong, the efforts of the Director and Composers will surely make the film a successful one.

The intelligent and business minded film makers of Bombay soon understood this and films on world famous novels, as well as popular Indian stories were made in Bombay too ! Soon, it was clear that more than being honest to the original story, the makers of Bombay were concentrating on commercial successes even at the cost of compromising the written script.

This, I feel was the basic difference between the mindset of the West and East parts of India. Learned, studious and highly principled Bengalese stuck religiously to the original stories, while in Bombay, Saraswati started working for Laksmi ! As the times went by and the Bengal empire of New Theatres crumbled, the importance of solid, strong story base for a film remained only a dream for Bombay. Still, Bangla Directors who came to Bombay in search for greener pasteurs, believed strongly and stuck to strong story base. This was generally the scenario till mid 50’s, after which everyone became commercial and story lines became secondary, optional and manipulable devices.

In the early era of the Talkie, Bilingual films in Bombay (Marathi and Hindi) was a common thing. Most films made in Kolhapur and Poona were also made in Hindi simultaneously. Many talented writers from Marathi literary field, like Hari narayan Apte, mama Varerkar, Ga. Di. Madgulkar, V S Khandekar, N S Phadke and Acharya Atre were connected with film industry. Baburao Painter, Master Vinayak, V Shantaram etc made best use of their talents in writing film stories.

Today’s film Mera Haq-39 was made by Huns Pictures of Master Vinayak. This film was based on a story of V S Khandekar (later on he became the first writer in Marathi to get the Sahitya Academi Award also). The film was made in Marathi and Hindi. The Marathi title of the film was ” Sukhacha Shodh” and the other title of Mera Haq was its translation ” In search of Happiness “. The Marathi story and dialogues were translated into Hindi by Pt. Anand kumar.

Like Pt. Mukhram Sharma of Prabhat films, Anand Kumar was also belonged to a Hindi speaking state, but both had mastered Marathi. I do not know if Pt. Anand kumar also married a Marathi actress like Mukhram Sharma who had married actress Shanta Muzumdar. Pt.Anand kumar was born in Delhi in 1907. He was a producer, director, writer and Lyricist. From childhood, he was not interested in studies in English medium. He was taught Urdu, Hindi and Sanskrit by his poor Brahmin Shastri father. When he was 15 year old, he entered a business. He was always discontented. He wanted to become an actor, but family resisted. He tried fasting and even suicide. Then he stole some money and ran to Bombay. He could not get into any studio and after money finished, he returned to Delhi, only to take more money and run to Bombay again. Even after this failure, he went back to Delhi and started writing stories.
His first book ‘ Mera Huq ‘ became a hot seller and he started earning money. He was invited by film people and he went to Bombay nth time. He wrote stories, dialogues and Lyrics of scores of films and earned name and money. He produced a film ‘Zameen’-43, under his own banner Anand Brothers. He directed 5 films,including a Hit marathi film, Gora Kumbhar-42. Some of his films as a Lyricist were Suvarn Mandir-34,Katle aam-35, Pratibha-37, Divorce-38, Saathi-38, Alakh Niranjan-40, Punarmilan-40, Charnon ki Dasi-41, Raja Rani-42 etc. As a writer some films were, Divorce-38, Honhaar-36, Saathi-38, Vasant sena-42, Rang mahal-48 etc etc.

Film Mera haq-39 was directed by an exceptionally talented director Parshwanath Alatekar. This name too must be unknown to most people. Altekar (1897-1957) was from Khare Patan in Ratnagiri, the coastal Konkan area of Maharashtra. He was educated in Kolhapur and graduated from Sangli. He abandoned Law studies to direct a drama in 1922. Basically a drama enthusiast, Altekar entered film world in Marathi and directed many films in silent era. He joined hands with Sarpotdar, Master Vithal and Pendharkar brothers. In 1928, he made 4 films for Imperial film co, then for Saraswati Cinetone, Master Vinayak and Circo films. He made few Tamil and Kannada films too.

He floated his own company Natraj Cinetone and made Hindi/Marathi film Saathi/Savangadi in 1938 with Durga Khote and Mubarak. Meanwhile he worked for his pet drama group Natya Manwantar. Alatekar died on 22-11-1957 at Bombay. he directed 13 films including silent and Tamil/Kannada films. His Hindi films were Vasavdatta-34, Saathi-38, Mera Haque-39, Geeta 40 and Mahatma Vidur-43.

The lead actor in film Mera haq-39 was Baburao Pendharkar. Baburao Pendharkar(1896-1967) was a Pioneer Marathi actor and producer born in Kolhapur. Actor-manager of Maharashtra Film (1919); then a manager in Prabhat (1929); manager and main star at Kolhapur Cinetone (1933) and for several years associated with Master Vinayak at Huns Pics (1936) and Navyug Chitrapat; then producer with Navhans (1943). Best-known work after the mid-40s was with V. Shantaram at Rajkamal Kalamandir, including the classic role of the Chinese general in Dr Kotnis Ki Amar Kahani, and with his brother, the director Bhalji Pendharkar. Noted actor as a villain in mythologicals (e.g. in Shantaram’s Ayodhyecha Raja/Ayodhya Ka Raja, Kans in Vasant Joglekar’s Nand Kishore, and Keechaka in Pethkar’s Keechaka Vadha) and for character roles in socials by Atre (the crotchety grandfather in Shyamchi Aai; the title role of Mahatma Phule). Directed Prabhat’s only major Tamil film, Seeta Kalyanam, a landmark in Tamil cinema. Also a noted stage actor. His autobiography (1961/1983) is also an important record of Marathi film history. From Jalti Nishani-1932 to Amrapali-1966, he worked in 69 films in all.

The story of Mera haq was written by V S Khandekar and it depicted the importance of a joint family, role of the elders in controlling the wayward new generation. The story was…

Anand (Baburao Pendharkar) is a Professor in a college and married to Manik (Vimal Sardesai), who is all the time busy in doing social work and who, in the process, does not justify being a housewife, or a daughter in law or even a wife.
One day, Anand meets Miss Chanchal (Usha Mantri- one of the most beautiful actresses of those times), when he goes to meet a friend at Sahyadri Cinetone. Chanchal catches him in her net perfectly and he becomes mad after her.
When Anand’s life is mess with all this, he chances upon meeting Usha (Meenakshi Shirodkar), a poor little widow- whom Anand has saved from committing a suicide.

When Usha learns all the story from Anand, she goes and talks to Anand’s parents and Grandfather, in a village and brings them to live with Anand and Manik. Together they hatch a plan to repair the situation. They announce that Anand will marry Usha and bring her as his second wife as he is not getting any happiness from Manik. When Manik comes to know this, she gets panicky and mends her ways, leaving all social work and tries to be an ideal wife. Anand’s friend Chanchal also deserts him when she learns about his second marriage.

When all the matters settle down satisfactorily, Anand and Usha, in presence of elders of the family disclose the truth that they are not marrying each others and it was planned to show Manik where the real happiness lies.

In this case, the film’s Marathi version came out first and the Hindi version was released on 15-9-1939 at Majestic Cinema in Bombay, well after the Marathi film was released.

The lead actress Vimal Sardesai hailed from Konkan are and started her film career as baby Vimal. She acted in only 7 Hindi films. Her first film was Saathi-38. This was the Hindi version of Marathi film Savangadi-38, starring Durga khote and Mubarak Merchant. her second film was mera haq-39. It was her first film as a Heroine. This too was a Hindi version of Marathi film ‘ Sukhacha Shodh”. Then came Narsi Bhjagat-40 made by Prakash pictures, Alakh Niranjan-40 was a Hindi version of Marathi film Gorakhnath-40, Apna Ghar-42 was a Hindi version of Marathi film Aaple Ghar-40- directed by Debki Bose, his first film in Bombay, Wadia’s Shobha-42 and her last film was Mahatma Vidur-43, a Hindi version of Marathi film of the same name. This was also the last film of Parshwanath Altekar the director.
After this film Vimal Sardesai was traceless. Probably she got married and left films.

Today’s song is a female duet of Vimal Sardesai and Meenakshi Shirodkar. With this song, film mera haq-39 and singer Vimal Sardesai make their debut on this Blog.

(My thanks to ” Marathi Cinema in Retrospect”-Sanjit Narvekar, ” Maharashtra- Birthplace of Indian Film Industry”- Isak Mujawar, Encyclop. of Indian Cinema by Ashish Rajadhyaksha, Filmdom-46 and my notes, for information used herein.)


Song-Kheloongi kheloongi main aankh michauli kheloongi (Mera Haq)(1939) Singers- Meenakshi Shirodkar, Vimal Sardesai (Baby Vimal), Lyrics- Pt Anand kumar, MD-K Datta
Both

Lyrics

kheloongi
kheloongi
main aankh michauli kheloongi
kheloongi
kheloongi
main aankh michauli kheloongi
main jhooloongi
main jhooloongi
kheloongi
kheloongi
main aankh michauli kheloongi

main chaand talak chal jaaoonga
main kunj taley chhip jaaoonga

main jhooloongi
main jhooloongi
main aankh meench kar chhipti hoon
main tan ankhiyon se takti hoon
takne ka badla le loongi
kheloongi
kheloongi
main aankh michauli kheloongi

main chhip jaaoon
jaa chhip jaa
main aa jaaoon
tu thham jaa

khushboo ban kar phoolon mein chhip
phoolon mein chhip
phoolon mein chhip
khushboo ban kar phoolon mein chhip
ya roop badal rangon mein chhip
belon mein chhip
kaliyon mein chhip
seene mein chhip
ya dil mein chhip
belon mein chhip
kaliyon mein chhip
seene mein chhip
ya dil mein chhip

main jhooloongi
main jhooloongi
main jhooloongi
main jhooloongi
kheloongi
kheloongi
main aankh michauli kheloongi

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This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3921 Post No. : 14984 Movie Count :

4098

Wadia Movietone has been known for producing films in the genres mainly of stunts, actions, fantasies and costumes. The banner was set up in 1933 by Wadia Brothers – J B H Wadia (1901-1986) and Homi Wadia (1911-2004). ‘Laal-E-Yaman’ (1933) was its first sound film produced under the banner and directed by J B H Wadia which became a box office success. With this film, the name of Fearless Nadia who had a small role in this film and Wadia Movietone became inseparable in the 1930s and 40s.

From the list of films produced under the banner of Wadia Movietone, mainly during 1930s and 40s, one can categorise the films as ‘Rail Films’, ‘Jungle Films’, ‘Arabian Nights Films’ etc.

Wadia Brothers were pioneer in producing films based on the railway themes. Their first ‘rail’ film was ‘Toofaan Mail’ (1932- Silent) which became box office success. In the talkies’ rail films, ‘Miss Frontier Mail’ (1936), ‘Flying Ranee’ (1939), ‘Punjab Mail’ (1939), ‘Return of Toofaan Mail’ (1942) etc were produced by Wadia Movietone. They were also pioneer in ‘Jungle’ films such as ‘Toofaani Tarzan’ (1937), ‘Jungle King’ (1939), ‘Jungle Princess’ (1942) etc.

As far as I know, Wadia Movietone produced the first Hindi film ‘Naujawaan’ (1937) without having any songs. It was an action-oriented film. But the film had to be withdrawn from a Delhi theatre when riots broke out. The audience screamed that Wadias had cheated them as they felt that a film was incomplete without songs. The film flopped at the box office.

Wadia brothers had been raised in westernized culture. Hollywood films were their role models. But sometime in the mid-1930s, J B H Wadia, the elder brother and the main brain behind Wadia Movietone was attracted towards ongoing nationalist movements. He got associated with Indian National Congress. With this association, he felt that it was his duty to produce the socially relevant films with some social messages for the masses. A few of his subsequent stunt films conveyed social messages like women’s emancipation, evils of caste system, need for education etc. For instance, in ‘Hurricane Hansa’ (1937) it has been shown as to how a ‘harijan’ girl Hansa transforms into ‘hurricane’ Hansa to take revenge on those who had destroyed her family.

The year 1938 played a definitive role in the life of J B H Wadia as he came into contact with Manabendra Nath Roy (M N Roy) one of the founders of the Communist Party of India. Later, he left his Marxist ideology and adopted the philosophy of Radical Humanism. Both were briefly associated with Indian National Congress but left Congress in 1938 to form a new party called Radical Democratic Party of India. His friendship with M N Roy remained intact until the latter’s death in 1954. Many years after his death, J B H Wadia wrote a memoirs of his years with M N Roy and got it publish as a book – M N Roy, The Man: An Incomplete Royana (1983).

This association had a far reaching impact on J B H Wadia in terms of film productions in Wadia Movietone. He started spending more time in his political activities than in Wadia Movietone. Most of the films were either directed by his younger brother, Homi Wadia or other directors. He just wanted to ensure that the films’ screen-plays and dialogues cover some social themes more than the stunts. He had also become the conscious of the Hindustani classical music.

As contributions towards socially and culturally responsible film-maker, he started making short films like Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose’s speech at a Congress Committee meetings, on classical musicians like Mallika Pukhraj, Kumar Gandharva, Feroze Dastoor, (some of them are available on YT). These short films were given to exhibitors free of charges to be shown before the feature films of Wadia Movietone were screened.

Around the same time, J B H Wadia seems to have felt that having established successfully Wadia Movietone, he was looking for some kind of establishing his intellectual credibility as a producer-director of repute ( I guess, JBH Wadia may have been influenced by the name and fame which his compatriot directors like V Shantaram and P C Barua had earned in the Hindi film industry). With this background, he took upon himself an ambitious project ‘Raj Nartaki’ (1941) which was to be produced in three languages – Hindi, English (Court Dancer) and Bengali.

‘Raj Nartaki’ (1941) was a prestigious project for J B H Wadia. Wadia Movietone spend a lot of money on the elaborate and expensive sets. Top stars like Prithiviraj Kapoor and Sadhana Bose were part of the film’s cast. While the film established J B H Wadia as an intellectual film maker, the film in all the three languages together could barely recover the cost of productions. In a way, it can be said that the film was a final straw in a already stained relationship between the partners of Wadia Movietone which was running into the losses.

In any partnership firm, when chips are down, the disagreements between partners come to the fore. Homi Wadia, 10 year younger to his elder brother, J B H Wadia was so far been a junior partner. With losses mounting due to some films not faring well at the box office, the differences between the Wadia Brothers came into forefront. While J B H Wadia wanted to make films in the social genre, Homi Wadia and another partner, Billimoria wanted to make box office hit films irrespective of genres. The irreconcilable differences between the brothers led to the split with Homi Wadia going separate to set up his own Basant Pictures and Basant Studio. As a part of dissolution of partnership and settlements, Wadia Movietone had to sell its studio located at Parel to V Shantaram which was renamed as Rajkamal Studio.

After the split, Homi Wadia slicked to producing stunts films at a shoe-sting budget such as ‘Hunterwali Ki Beti’ (1943), ‘Sher-e-Baghdad’ (1946), Flying Prince’ (1946), ‘Stunt Queen’ (1947, and ’11 o Clock’ (1948) with Nadia and John Cawas as main actors. Despite the split, Homi Wadia and J B H Wadia jointly produced about 16 films during 1950-70, the latter now being a junior partner.

‘Kahaan Hai Manzil Teri’ (1939) was one of those ‘out-of-the-box’ films from Wadia Movietone which was directed by S M Yousuf. The star cast included Ila Devi, Harishchandra Rao, Radharani, Shah Nawaz, Urmila, Master Chhotu, Nazira, Agha, Dalpat, Sayani Aatish etc.

A summarized version of the story of the film given in the review of the film published in December 1939 issue of ‘Filmindia’ magazine is set out below:

The story goes back to old times when sacrificing of a virgin at the altar of god to please him was practiced. In a Santhal village, the annual sacrifice of a virgin is under preparation with the high priest of the temple supervising the event. In reality, the high priest, Balraj (Shah Nawaz) has arranged to keep unscrupulously these virgins in a hidden room as unwilling victims of his lust.

Paras (Harishchandra Rao) protests against this rituals and this time it is his sister’s turn for the sacrifice. His resistance to the ritual earns the wrath of the high priest. Paras escapes from the village with the help of Godavari (Radharani) who is the daughter of Balraj. She is also in unrequited love with Paras.

Paras goes to the capital of an Aryan king, Satluj who is determined to root out the primitive practice of sacrificing of virgins. In the kingdom, Paras becomes affectionate of Princess Ragini (Ila Devi). Paras reciprocates her affection. But he has little time for love as his aim is to avenge the death of his father and the ‘sacrifice’ of his sister.

In the Aryan capital, Naru, the prime minister of the kingdom is planning to overthrow the king with the help of Balraj for realization of his own ambitions. The king is killed. Princess Ragini is kidnapped and handed over to Balraj for ‘sacrifice’. Paras goes to save Princess Ragini from this trap. Once again, it is Godavari who helps him at the cost of sacrificing her life at the hands of her own father.

At last, Paras becomes successful in exposing Balraj as scoundrel under the grabs of religious activities and the superstitions. Santhals and Aryans are united in a bond of brotherhood. Paras wins the hands of Princes Ragini.

One can guess from the story of the film as to how J B H Wadia has been influenced by the M N Roy’s ideology of Radical Humanism which worked for the eradication of social evils, women’s emancipation, education etc.

The film had four songs – all written by Wahid Qureshi who also wrote the story and dialogue for the film. Songs were set to music by Madhavlal Damodar Master.

Here is the first song – a title song – ‘kahaan hai manzil teri musaafir’ from the film to appear on the Blog. The song is sung by Ila Devi and Chorus.

Acknowledgement: In writing this article, especially for the period during which J B H Wadia’s political association, his passion for humanist ideology, his yearning for name and fame as an intellectual producer-director, I have been greatly benefited by a scholarly article by Rosie Thomas on Nadia and Wadia Brothers which appeared in a book ‘Bollyworld: Popular Indian Cinema Through A Transitional Lens (2005) – Edited by Raminder Kaur and Ajay J Sinha.

Audio Clip:

Song-Kahaan hai manzil teri (Kahaan hai Manzil teri)(1939) Singers-Ila Devi, Unknown male voice, Lyrics-Wahid Qureshi, MD-Madholal Damodar Master
Chorus
Ila devi + chorus

Lyrics

kahaan hai manzil teri
kahaan hai manzil teri
kahaan hai manzil teri musaafir
kahaan hai manzil teri ee

bhor bhayi sab panchhi jaage
bhor bhayi sab panchhi jaage
apne apne kaam ko bhaage
apne apne kaam ko bhaage
tu bhi chala chal aage aage
raste ko mat bhool

kahaan hai manzil teri

chalne hi kaa naam hai manzil
chalne hi kaa naam hai manzil
chalne se mat ho tu gaafil
sone se kya hogaa haasil
sone se kya hogaa haasil
apne mann se poochh musaafir
apne mann se poo….chh

chalna teri reet puraani
chalna teri reet puraani
sunn dariya se apni kahaani
jeewan tera behta paani

chalne ko mat bhool musaafir
chalne o mat bhoo……ol

kahaan hai manzil teeeeeri eeeee


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3887 Post No. : 14917

Today’s song is from film Gauri-1943. It was a film made by Ranjit Movietone. The Lyrics, Story and Screenplay as well as the Direction was by Kidar Sharma. The cast of the film was Prithviraj Kapoor, Shamim, Monica Desai, Rajkumari Shukla, Brijmala, Amarnath etc etc.

The making of film Gauri-1943 had a big story behind it. This is described in great details by Kidar Sharma himself, in his autobiography ” The one and Lonely Kidar Sharma”. We will,however, discuss this in an abridged version here.

Kidar Sharma left New Theatres, Calcutta and shifted to Bombay, for a new chapter in his life and career. His close friend from Calcutta, Prithviraj Kapoor, who was in Bombay earlier, had arranged for his meeting with Ranjit’s chief Chandulal Shah. Even before Sharma reached Bombay, Shah had known about him and had become his fan.He saw film ” Chitralekha “-41, made and directed by Kidar Sharma, several times,in his own Theatre-Opera House in Bombay, mostly with his consort Goharbai Mamajiwala. He was very much impressed with Sharma ji’s work. Shah and Goharbai both, were actually eager to employ Kidar Sharma. Therefore, without any hitch, he was hired at a very lucrative salary of Rs. 3000/- pm and an advance of Rs. 5000/- to bring his family from Calcutta.

Kidar joined Ranjit on 3rd October 1941. His first film here was ‘ Armaan’-42. During this film, he became very friendly with actor Motilal, whom Sharma regarded as a very good artiste. During his next film, ‘Vish kanya’, Kidar took Raj Kapoor as his third assistant. His close friend Prithviraj was worried about the future of Raj, hence Sharma took him under his wings so that he will learn the making of films in all aspects. In effect Raj was only a Clapper Boy here, but he was a keen observer of everything. He was a little childish still. In one of the outdoor shootings of the film, Kidar Sharma got so much irritated with Raj Kapoor’s irresponsible behaviour that in anger, he slapped Raj kapoor on the sets, in front of all the staff. Later Sharma felt bad about the incident and decided that one day, when he would become a Producer, he would make Raj Kapoor his Hero in that film (Neelkamal-47…earlier started as ‘ Bechara Bhagwan ‘ as its Title). More about this film some other time.

In 1943, Sharma wrote a story “Gauri”- set in Calcutta and woven around the Durga Pooja in Bengal. It was a very touching human story and very emotional too. During the story session, both Chandulal Shah and Goharbai could not control their emotions and wept openly. Shah liked the story so much that he volunteered to sent a team to Calcutta for shooting during the Pooja Festival days.

Sharma insisted that the Hero’s role of Khumar- the Idol Maker be done only by his friend Prithviraj kapoor. His name was of course agreed upon. However, Goharbai queried as to who Sharma had in his mind to do the sensitive Heroine’s role. Sharma ji replied that he needed someone who looked fresh and innocent. He asked for some time. Actually he had thought of Monica Desai- the younger sister of famous actress Leela Desai. Monica worked as a school teacher in Calcutta. She had done a small role in his film ‘ Chitralekha’-41. In those days Sharma was impressed with her and had assured her that when he gets stabilised as a Director and has a suitable script, he will give Heroine’s role to Monica.

Next day, Sharma ji told Chandulal Shah about her selection. Chandulal had confidence in his judgement. The big hearted Shah gave Rs. 5000/- to Sharma to send to Monica for coming to Bombay comfortably in First Class. Kidar Sharma sent the money to her and asked her to travel only by First class to Bombay, to get down at Dadar, keep the luggage in Cloak room and freshen up in the waiting room. She was asked to wear a silk saree also. Sharma asked her if she understood all instructions and she confirmed. She was to visit Ranjit Studios at 2.30pm, when Sharma would introduce her to Sethji.

On the afternoon of her arrival day, the Shah couple and others waited anxiously for Monica’s arrival. In the afternoon, Monica arrived at the gates of the studio looking tired and untidy, along with all her luggage. Seeing her Chandulal became nervous, but asked Sharma ji to arrange for her stay and food etc. Chandulal Shah was not only upset with Monica’s looks but also annoyed. Still without commenting, he left the studio immediately with Goharbai. Sharma as well as Prithviraj felt humiliated with the foolish Monica who came to the studio, not following Sharma’s instructions. This she did to save some money, but put everyone in an awkward situation. Anyway, Sharma made her staying etc arrangements.

Next day, Chandulal called him to his office and said that he will continue making film Gauri, as promised, but he will not participate in any shootings, recordings or other matters till the film is completed. He will however, see the finished movie before it goes to Censors. It was too obvious that both the Shahs were upset about the ordinary looking and childish, immature Monica as Heroine.

Kidar Sharma gulped all this quietly and started work on the film quickly. The team went to Calcutta also and came back. When the film was completed, Sharma invited Chandulal and Goharbai to see it. Actually whenever such a preview was done all other Directors of Ranjit also attended it, but this time there were only the two of them-Chandulal and Goharbai. The entire team of the film was also present. Sharma had known that when Chandulal did not like the film, he usually abused loudly and sometimes even threw his chappals at the screen. With bated breath, Sharma showed him the film Gauri and waited for his reactions, expecting fireworks. Instead, Chandulal and Goharbai left the room and went to their office. Everyone,including Sharma was sure that Sharma has to leave the company now.

With great courage, Sharma went to their office to know their opinions. To his great surprise, Chandulal dug into his pocket and removed whatever money was there and gifted it to Sharma. He said,” this is my gift to you for making a sublime movie.” Gohar too appreciated heartily. Both of them were spellbound with Monica’s performance. Shah offered Monica a 3 year contract, furnished house and a new car with a driver etc. Shah also increased Sharma’s salary to Rs.5500/pm.
Thus Monica Desai’s first film was a great success. ” Durga” was a winner. Kidar Sharma was a winner.

One of the cast in the film was Rajkumari Shukla. At that period of time, there were 3 Rajkumaris working in Hindi films. One and the most famous was Rajkumari Dubey-Banareswali. The second was Rajkumari-Calcuttewali. Her real name was Pullobai. And the third was this Rajkumari Shukla. She was known as the ‘ mother of the Indian screen’.

Rajkumari Shukla was born in Benares in 1903. She joined films to earn her livelihood. She was married but got bad treatment from her in laws. After the death of her husband, her torture incresed. One Nana Baba, her neighbour was kind enough to help her and get her a job in Madon Theatres, where he was working. Rajkumari had no issues or parents. She treated Nana Baba as her father. She entered films with Uljhan-42. She started getting mother roles and she excelled in that. She worked only upto Nai Maa-46. But she acted in Bangla and Gujarati films too.

In all she did more than 60 films. Hindi films were 31 only. Some of the more known films that she did were Ek raat-42, Vakil sahib-43, School master-43, Sanjog-43, Paraya Dhan-43, Panghat-43, Namaste-43, Najma-43, Gauri-43, Aage kadam-43, Rattan-44, Mann ki jeet-44, Dr,Kumar-44, Sharbati aankhen-54, Hamara sansar-45, Gaon ki gori-45 and nai maa-46. She sang only 1 song in film Panghat-43.

Today’s song is sung by singer actress Shamim. She was variously credited as Shamim, Shameem, Miss Shamim, Shamim Akhtar. She was born in Lahore and died in Lahore, where she migrated after Partition. Her biodata was given on 17-1-2019 in a post on film ‘Return of Toofan Mail’-42.


Song-Majboor hai is dil se (Gauri)(1943) Singer- Shamim (Akhtar), Lyrics- Kidar Sharma, MD- Khemchand Prakash

Lyrics

Majboor hain is dil se ae
ye kaisi pilaayi hai
Majboor hai is dil se
is dil se
ye kaisi pilaayi hai
jaaye hai jidhar dilbar
haay dilbar
uss simt ye jaaye hai
jaaye hai jidhar dilbar
haay dilbar
uss simt ye jaaye hai

duniya se niraala hai
jaanaan tera deewaana
jaanaan tera deewaana
haay kaise bache hasrat
haay hasrat
har aankh mein haaye hai
haay kaise bache hasrat
haay hasrat
har aankh mein haaye hai

hans den jo zara
dekh ke
khil jaaye kali dil ki
khil jaaye kali dil ki
halka sa tabassum tera
gulzaar khilaaye hai
halka sa tabassum tera
gulzaar khilaaye hai
tum saamne baithho ke main
jee bhar ke tumhen dekhoon
jee bhar ke tumhen dekhoon
tum jyon hi huye ojhal
haay ojhal
jhat aankh bhar aaye hai
tum jyon hi huye ojhal
haay ojhal
jhat aankh bhar aaye hai
majboor hai is dil se
is dil se
ye kaisi pilaai hai


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3880 Post No. : 14903

Today is 3 march 2019. No, I am not going to discuss a “blog ten year challenge” song today. This article covers a far bigger time span, namely 50 years. It was on this day 50 years ago, viz on 3 march 1969 that the first Rajdhani Express train left Howrah for New Delhi. This train had made its inaugural run from New Delhi on 1 march 1969 and had arrived Howrah on 2 march 1969. Its maiden journey from Howrah to New Delhi was on 3 march 1969, viz 50 years ago.

50 years ago, the highest speed of Indian Railways trains used to be 96 kmph. This train became the first Indian train to break the 100 kmph barrier. Its maximum speed was 120 kmph.

Just like there is considerable opposition today to the introduction of bullet trains in India, there was stiff resistance against the introduction to this train. The top man in Indian Railways, viz the Chairman Railway Board himself was against the introduction of this train.

When this train began its run on 3 march 1969, Rail Minister Ram Subhag Singh was available on platform to flag it off. This train took 17 hours to reach its destination which was a seven hour improvement over the fastest train on this route.

This train was an exclusive train meant to run faster and and its onboard service was meant to be upscale. It was an all airconditioned train. It was only the second airconditioned train in India till then. The first train was one that was simply called Air Conditioned express.

The sleeper class fare from Howrah to New Delhi was Rs 290, which was one month’s salary for an average Indian. No wonder then that there was considerable resentment and opposition among people as well as politicians when this train was introduced.

The train stopped only in three stations those days, viz at Gomoh, Mughalsarai and Kanpur. Today it stops at eight stations. The train then had nine coaches, some were sleeper coaches and others were chair cars. Today there are 20 coaches.

The ticket of this train was also special. It was like an airlines ticket, namely folio type, that has photo of Qutub Minar and Howrah Bridge on its two sides.

The ticket price included price for meals. This train was the first that had a pantry car. The quality of food was quite upmarket those days, five star stuff.

With time, Rajdhani trains have changed. Those were the days of Diesel locomotives and vacuum brake coaches. They were later replaced by Electric locomotive and air brake coaches. Now ICF design coaches have been replaced by LHB design coaches.

The second Rajdhani that was introduced was between New Delhi and Bombay Central. Gradually Rajdhani trains were introduced in ten routes between New Delhi and various state capitals.

I have no idea when I first travelled by Rajdhani express. It must have been in 1990s I think, when I was posted in Andhra Pradesh. Personally I used to feel a bit overwhelmed at the prospect of travelling by this train those days. The reason could be that I was rather junior and I felt that I did not belong to this train. On the other hand, I wondered how other railway men, who I felt belonged even less there would travel in this train with confidence as if then owned it. 🙂

The first time I travelled in Rajdhani with family was in 2001 from New Delhi to Guwahati. My three year old daughter would look forward for the meals and demand some more “utterly butterly butter”. 🙂

It is not as if I have travelled a lot on Rajdhani with my family. The second and till now the last occasion when the three of us travelled by Rajdhani express was in 2016 by New Delhi Mumbai Central Rajdhani express when we went to Mumbai to admit my daughter to a medical college there.

It must be said that New Delhi -Mumbai Rajdhani is quite a useful train between the two places, Most of the journey is at night time and one reaches the destination in the morning. If one gets accomodation in this train then it is a more comfortable and convenient means to travel between the two places than travelling by plane.

My daughter and wife have travelled alone by Rajdhani quite a few times. When I was posted at Bareilly, my daughter would visit me by first reaching New Delhi by Mumbai Central Rajdhani and would then board New Delhi Dibrugarh Rajdhani that stopped at Bareilly.

In 1969, Rajdhani trains introduced speed upto 120 kmph in Indian trains. Now 50 years later, the fastest Indian Railways train are still only 160 kmph. I dream of a day when India will have a network of bullet train lines and public would be able to reach 1500 km in 5 hours. If that happens then it would be a big transformation in India. We have already seen communication revolution in Indiawhere everyone has access to phone and so one can share information easily and in real time. I dream of seeing a similar transport revolution in India. That would transform Indian economy. I am cautiously optimistic that India will have a fe bullet trains by 2030. People would be ready to use it on a big way because India by that time would be nearly a $ 10 trillions economy with per capita nominal GDP of around $7000/-, a three fold increase in per capita income of Indians and they would be able to afford bullet train tickets and many more such services.

On this occasion, here is a rail song from a time when no one even thought of Rajdhani trains, forget bullet trains. This rail train is from “Zabaan”(1943).

“Zabaan”(1943) was produced and directed by Jayant Desai for Jayant Desai productions, Bombay. This “social” movie had Ishwar lal, Kaushalya, Mubarak, Diit, Vatsala Kumthekar, Bhagwandas, Kantilal etc in it.

The movie had twelve songs in it. All of them were actor-singer songs, viz the songs were sung by the actors themselves.

Here is this rail song from “Zabaan”(1943). It is sung by Ishwar Lal. Mahir Ul Qadri is the lyricist. Music is composed by C Ramchsndra.

Only the audio of the song is available, but it is clear from the lyics that it is a rail song. It would have been nice to be able to watch the picturisation of this song, but I doubt that the video of this song is available. So we only have the audio of the song with us to savour.

On the occasion of Rajdhani trains turning 50 years old, here is this 75 year old rail song to celebrate the occasion.


Song-Piya des hai jaana (Zabaan)(1943) Singer-Ishwar Lal, Lyrics-Mahir ul Qadri, MD-C Ramchandra

Lyrics

piya des hai jaana
piya des hai jaana
aa ha ha ha
aise mein mohabbat ka koi jaam pilaana
aise mein mohabbat ka koi jaam pilaana
piya des hai jaana

gaate huye khambhe
hanste huye paudhe
gaate huye khambhe
hanste huye paudhe
chalte huye raste
chalte huye raste
kahte hain ye mujhse ke
piya des hai jaana
kahte hain ye mujhse ke
piya des hai jaana
piya des hai jaana
piya des hai jaana
aa ha ha ha
aise mein mohabbat ka koi jaam pilaana
piya des hai jaana

lohe ki ye patri
chalti hui dharti
lohe ki ye patri
chalti hui dharti
dee rail ne seeti
aawaaz ye aayi ke
piya des hai jaana
piya des hai jaana
aa ha ha ha
aise mein mohabbat ka koi jaam pilaana
piya des hai jaana

ummeed ko lekar
aate hain tere ghar
umeed ko lekar
aate hain tere ghar
hai dil ki zabaan par
hai dil ki zabaan par
piya des hai jaana
piya des hai jaana
piya des hai jaana
aa ha ha ha
aise mein mohabbat ka koi jaam pilaana
aise mein mohabbat ka koi jaam pilaana
piya des hai jaana

———————————————————
Hindi Script Lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
———————————————————

पिया देस है जाना
पिया देस है जाना
आ हा हा हा
ऐसे में मोहब्बत का कोई जाम पिलाना
ऐसे में मोहब्बत का कोई जाम पिलाना
पिया देस है जाना

गाते हुए खम्भे
हँसते हुए पौधे
गाते हुए खम्भे
हँसते हुए पौधे
चलते हुए रस्ते
चलते हुए रस्ते
कहते हैं ये मुझसे के
पिया देस है जाना
कहते हैं ये मुझसे के
पिया देस है जाना
पिया देस है जाना
पिया देस है जाना
आ हा हा हा
ऐसे में मोहब्बत का कोई जाम पिलाना
पिया देस है जाना

लोहे की ये पटरी
चलती हुई धरती
लोहे की ये पटरी
चलती हुई धरती
दी रेल ने सीटी
आवाज़ ये आई के
पिया देस है जाना
पिया देस है जाना
आ हा हा हा
ऐसे में मोहब्बत का कोई जाम पिलाना
पिया देस है जाना

उम्मीद को लेकर
आते हैं तेरे घर
उम्मीद को लेकर
आते हैं तेरे घर
है दिल की ज़बान पर
है दिल की ज़बान पर
पिया देस है जाना
पिया देस है जाना
पिया देस है जाना
आ हा हा हा
ऐसे में मोहब्बत का कोई जाम पिलाना
ऐसे में मोहब्बत का कोई जाम पिलाना
पिया देस है जाना


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3866 Post No. : 14883 Movie Count :

4071

Today’s song is an extremely rare song, to be presented here today. It is from film Shaadi ka Maamla-1937. It was produced by the ‘One Film’ banner of Lalitkaladarsh Movietone, Bombay and it was directed by Bhargavram Vithal aka Mama Varerkar- a heavyweight name in Marathi Literature. The song was written in Hindi by Pt. Dwijendra Sharma. We are unaware of who was the Music Director, but Cinestaan claims that Pt. Badriprasad Manik was the MD, though HFGK is silent on this issue. This rare song is sung by Bapurao Pendharkar, who was an actor, singer and producer on Marathi stage, in the early 1900’s.

Drama and stage work has a tradition of more than 150 years in Maharashtra. The stage gave many Gems in Music and Acting to Maharashtra. Natyageet from the sangeet Nataks became extremely popular. There is hardly any classical singer, in Maharashtra, who did not sing Natyageet. When the Talkie films started, the stage and dramas provided the biggest contribution to its Music. Almost all Music Directors of early cinema-Marathi or Gujarati- came with a history of working on stage. Govindrao Tembe, Master krishnarao Phulambrikar, Shankarrao Vyas, Keshavrao Bhole, B R Devdhar, Dada Chandekar, Mainkar, Sureshbabu Mane etc came to films from stage only.

There used to be Drama companies or Natya Mandalis, like Gandharva Sangeet mandali (of Balgandharva), Kirloskar Natak mandali (of Annasaheb Kirloskar), Balwant Natak mandali (of Master Dinanath Mangeshkar), Lalit kaladarsh ( of Keshavrao Bhosle) etc etc.

Initially, many film makers in the silent and early talkie looked upon the cinema as an extension of the stage or merely a different form of packaging the same basic product. This was clear when Sohrab Modi made his Talkie film ” Hamlet’-35 by shooting the actual drama on stage or film ” Indrasabha”-32 with 69 songs just like a drama. However, film makers like Baburao Painter understood the underlying difference in these two media and evolved a new Grammar for films. This was promptly followed by V.Shantaram, Master Vinayak and all others.

Among the Marathi Literary Giants, the first to get attracted to the new medium was B.V.aka Mama Varerkar. He formed a film company, ‘Deccan Picture corporation’, along with P.Teligiri to produce a silent film ” Poona Raided-1924″. He was disillusioned with the failure of the film and withdrew from films. After 12 years, he formed another company, with Bapurao Pendharkar- Lalit kaladarsh movietone and made, wrote and directed ‘ Vijayachi Lagne-36’ in Marathi and ‘ Shadi ka Mamla-37’ in Hindi. Other giants like M G Rangnekar, V S Khandekar, Acharya Atre and P L Deshpande also joined film making.

B V aka Mama Varerkar, director of film Shadi ka mamla-37, was born on 27-4-1883, at Chiplun in Ratnagiri district. His early education took place in Ratnagiri and he joined a medical course at the Civil Hospital. Here he met Dr. Kirtikar, who was a writer and had a big private library. Varerkar got interested in Literature, read lot many Marathi and Bangali books. Finally he left medical course and did a job in postal department from 1899 to 1919. He wrote several dramas, stories etc. His first drama ‘ Kunjvihari’ was staged in Bombay on 14-4-1908. The drama had Vishnupant Pagnis as a Gujarati Radha and sang Gujarati songs. The Gujarati people of Bombay crowded his shows in hundreds and Varerkar became famous. His next famous drama ‘ Haach mulacha Baap’ came on stage in 1916. Then there was no looking back. In all, he wrote 37 dramas, 6 dramalets,and 14 one act plays. He wrote from 1914 to 1960 continuously. He was awarded Padma Bhooshan, paid Rs. 1 lakh per year and also sent to Rajya Sabha as an M.P.. Mama Varerkar died in Delhi on 23-9-1964.

He wrote film stories, screenplays, dialogues and directed films in Marathi and Hindi. His Filmography is Poona raided,silent film-1924, Gori Bala-silent,-1930, Thaksen Rajputra in Marathi and Bhedi Rajkumar in Hindi,Talkie-1934, Vilasi Eshwar in Marathi and Nigahe Nafrat in Hindi-1935( debut film of Shobhana Samarth), Vijayachi lagne-36 in Marathi and Shadi ka Mamla-37 in Hindi, Savangadi in Marathi and Saathi in Hindi-38 ( Durga Khote and Mubarak produced it), Geeta in Marathi and Hindi-40 ( Chandramohan did the Hero’s role in Marathi also,speaking flawless Marathi) and Karasthan in Marathi-47.

Today’s film, Shadi ka mamla-37 was produced by Lalit Kaladarsh Movietone and was directed by Mama Varerkar. The film cast was Bapurao Pendharkar, Hansa Wadkar, Kesar Wadkar, Nalini Nagpurkar, Master Chhotu, Dajiba Parab, Antoba Kulkarni and others. Bapurao Pendharkar was a very popular actor singer on Marathi stage. He was owner of the famous drama company ‘ Lalit Kaladarsh ‘, which completed its Centenary in 2007-8 and is still owned by his family, remaining as a premier,respected drama company of repute in Maharashtra. The company at one time hired full special train to move from one city to other, with all its staff and props.

Bapurao Pendharkar ( Vyankatesh Balwant Pendharkar) was born on 10th December 1892 at Jamkhindi, a princely state in Karnataka.( This was the First princely state to join Independent India, on a call by Sardar Patel. Its only demand was to make it a District place !). he got his education in Poona. In 1915, while studying from his Matriculation, he left studies and joined ” Lalit Kaladarsh “- a drama company of repute, owned by keshvrao Bhosle.

Bapurao had no good looks, no height and no proper voice, but Bhosale took lot of efforts on him and made him a fine actor singer. From 1915 to 1920, Bapurao did only female roles on stage. Starting from Sharda, he did Bhamini, Manjiri, Kishori, Vasant sena and many other famous Heroines in marathi dramas in those days. Bapurao also played Organ on stage. In 1920 he became a Gandaband shagird of Ramkrishnabuwa Vaze, a big name in vocal music.

On 4th October 1921, Keshavrao Bhosale died and Bapurao became the owner of Lalit Kaladarsh. The company staged all dramas of Mama Varerkar and its name became famous.

His first natyageet record came out in 1922, through Rose and co. in Bombay. Upto 1936, his 70 records ( 140 songs) came on HMV (Red and Black labels), Zonofone (Green0, and The Twin (Yellow). In 1974 one LP having his 12 songs came out and in 1996, Audio tapes of his more songs were marketed. Many collectors have his songs. Even today’s rare song has been obtained from a collector. Keshavrao Bhole liked his singing very much and appreciated him in his writings and autobiography too.

In 1936, Bapurao, along with Mama Varerkar launched his film company-Lalit Kaladarsh Movietone and made two films. Vijayachi lagne in Marathi in 1936 and Shadi ka Mamla in Hindi in 1937. The film did not become much famous, but his songs became a rage in those days. Only 4 songs from his only Hindi film are available and they are collector’s delights. In 1926 he recorded a Bhavgeet ” Rajhans maza nijla” a popular song by Govindagraj aka Ram Ganesh Gadkari. Thus Bapurao became the First Bhavgeet singer of Maharashtra. Silver jubilee of Lalit Kaladarsh was celebrated in 1933 and Bapurao recieved many awards.

Bapurao Pendharkar died on 15th March 1937, at Gwalior. His illustrious son -actor and singer Bhalchandra Pendharkar took over the company at the age of 16 years. He did a superb job and took the company to greater heights in times to come.

The Heroine of this film-Shadi ka Mamla-37 was just about 14 year old girl, Hansa Wadkar. She was born Ratan Bhalachander Salgaokar, on 24 January 1923 at Dr. Bhalerao Hospital in Bombay, Maharashtra, India. Her father, Bhalchander Salgaokar, was the son and grandson of “kalavantins, courtesans renowned for their musical accomplishments”. Her mother, Saraswati, was the daughter of a Devdasi. Wadkar was the third of four children. The oldest sister and youngest brother died, leaving a second child, her brother Mohan and her. In her autobiography Wadkar mentions that her great grandmother, Baybai Salgaokar, called Jiji by the family, was a wealthy courtesan who was the influential figure in the family. Marriage in the courtesan community was a rarity and Wadkar’s grandfather Raghunath Salgaokar (Jiji’s son) was the first person in the family to marry.

Jiji divided the vast property she had and Wadkar’s father was given the house in Sawantwadi. The mother, father, brother and young Wadkar shifted there and she joined a Marathi medium school where she studied till class IV. She also studied vocal music under Bhagwatbuwa but was not interested in singing. The family returned to Bombay and Hansa attended an English medium school for two years at Aryan Education Society School. However, she had to leave school when the family faced financial problems. The father had turned into an alcoholic and there was no money coming in the house. The mother insisted that Mohan being a boy should continue his studies, hence it was left on Wadkar to find work.

The influence of films was present from an early time. Wadkar’s father had three sisters, Kesharbai, Indirabai and Sushilabai. Sushila was married to Master Vinayak, a renowned actor-director of the early era of Indian cinema. The elder sister as well as Indira Wadkar were acting in films and Indira was a classical singer as well. Indira acted in several films including Duniya Kya Hai (Resurrection) (1937) and in Vinayak’s production company “Hans Films” like Devata (1939) in Marathi. Indira used the surname Wadkar to avoid using the family name Salgaokar, for fear of reprisal from society against women acting in films. Her older aunt, Kesharbai, was working in a film made by M.G. Rangnekar and suggested that Wadkar work in films to sustain her family.

In 1936, Wadkar acted in her first role as a heroine in Bapubhai Pendharkar’s Vijayche Lagane. A bilingual, made in Marathi and Hindi (Shadi Ka Maamla), it was directed by Mama Warerkar. The film was produced by Pendharkar’s Lalit Kala Production, its “first and last” film, as Pendharkar died soon after. When her brother objected to the family name being used in films, her name was changed from Ratan to Hansa, and the surname Wadkar was borrowed from her actress aunt, Indira Wadkar. Her salary at that time was Rs. 250 per month. The film was a success at the box-office.

Wadkar worked in a few films after this for different companies, which remained incomplete. She then joined Golden Eagle Movietone and learned Hindi from a Hindi scholar appointed for her by the company. She became proficient in the language, working in several Hindi films at the time like Meena, Prem Patra, Zamana, and Raj Kumar with Chetan Anand.

Marrying in 1937, she had to return to films once again due to shortage of money. She acted in two stunt films of Bhagwan Palav, having joined Harishchandrarao’s company. The films were Bahadur Kisan, and Criminal which was released in 1939. In 1938, she was cast in Zamana directed by Ram Daryani, starring Padma Devi who had earlier acted in India cinema’s first indigenous colour film, Kisan Kanya. The other co-stars were Dar (Jeevan) Gulab, Ameena and Amirbai Karnataki.

She worked in films made by Bombay Talkies, Prabhat, National studios and other banners. In all she worked in 27 films. She sang 10 songs in 3 films also.

Jagannath Bandarkar was one of the sons of the neighbour at Sawantwadi. His family was deemed of a “lower caste” than the Wadkars. Being ten years older than Wadkar, her brother and other family members did not approve of her closeness to him. However, her mother would ask her to call him over for lunch or odd jobs. When the Wadkar’s shifted to Bombay, Bandarkar followed. Having failed at setting up a printing press, he started a theatre company called Dominic Union and got Wadkar to join it. When her mother accused her of having an affair with Bandarkar, it made her do what she was thought was an unfair accusation. She writes of assuming this defiant and oppositional attitude later on too, when wrongly accused. Soon she was three months pregnant at age fifteen and Bandarkar and Wadkar were married on 6 September 1937, at Kittebhandari Marriage Hall in Bombay. Though she had “dreamed of a family life”, she had to resume work as Bandarkar’s company was financially unstable. She also had a miscarriage at this time.

Rekha, their daughter was born following the completion of Wadkar’s film Mera Gaon(1942). Over time when her husband physically abused her over some imagined wrong-doing, she would go out and do it. She started drinking and describes one drinking session in her autobiography where she was unconscious of what took place. She found herself in a village where Joshi, one of the men she had been drinking with brought her as his third wife. She stayed virtually imprisoned there for three years, till she was able to smuggle a letter out to her husband. He arrived with the police, and took her to the magistrate’s office in the neighbouring town, where she had to testify. The magistrate sent Bandarkar to get a signature on a paper and then proceeded to rape Wadkar. Since she did not speak out about the incident, no action was taken.

She went on to perform several plays, where she met Rajan Jawale, an actor, with whom she formed a bond that lasted till her death. She maintained a good relationship with all the female workers. Some of them became good friends like Lalita Devulkar.

Hansa Wadkar died on 23 Aug 1971 in Bombay Maharashtra, India.

Have you seen the film ” Bhumika”-77 ? Smita Patil had acted in this film. The film had earned the patronage of both, the Critics and the general public. The film received many awards and accolades. This film was based on the Autobiography of Hansa Wadkar.

Since the days Talkie films started till today,only 2 films were made on the real lives of actresses. One was ” Bhumika’-77 and the other was ” Zubeida-2000″ based on the actual life of actress Zubeida ( jr. ).

Shyam Benegal made a film on her autobiography (Sangte Aika) -Bhumika-1977. Hansa’s role was done by Smita Patil and Bandarkar was Amol Palekar The film was very successful and won many awards.

Now let us listen to this rare song by Bapurao Pendharkar. With this song the film and the singer make their Debut on the Blog.

( My Thanks for information used from
Marathi Cinema in Retrospect-Sanjit Narwekar
Maharashtra-Birthplace of Indian Cinema- Isak Mujawar
Poorvausrinche soor (पूर्वसुरींचे सूर)- Dr. Suresh Chandwankar
lalitkaladarsh.com
bhalchandrapendharkar.com
wikivisually.com
Cinestan
MuVyz
HFGK.
Harish Raghuvanshi ji, Surat and
My notes )


Song-Aavo aavo aavo jee (Shaadi Ka Maamlaa)(1937) Singer- Bapu Pendharkar, Lyrics- Pt. Dwijendra Sharma, MD- Unknown

Lyrics

aavo aavo aavo jee
aavo jee
aavo aavo aavo jee
aavo jee
preetam pyaare more nagar maan (?)
preetam pyaare more nagar maan (?)
aavo aavo aavo jee
aavo jee
aavo aavo aavo jee
aavo jee
preetam pyaaaaare
aa aa aa
preetam pyaare more nagar maan (?)
preetam pyaaaare
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
preetam pyaare more nagar maan (?)
preetam pyaaaare
preetam pyaare more nagar maan (?)
aavo aavo aavo jee
aavo jee
aavo aavo
man ki aaas
man ki aas ??
man ki aaaas
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
man ki aas
aa aa aa
man ki aas
aa aa aa
man ki aaaas
man ki aaaas
aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa
aa aaa aa aa
aa aa aa
man ki aas ??
aavo aavo aavo jee
aavo jee
aavo jee
aavo jee
aavo aavo aavo jee
aavo jee
preetam pyaare more nagar maa (?)
preetam pyaare
aa aa aa
preetam pyaaaare
preetam pyaare more ??
preetam pyaare more ??
aavo aavo aavo jee
aavo jee
aavo jee
aavo aavo aavo jee
aavo jee
aavo aavo aavo jee
aavo jee
preetam pyaare more ??
aavo aavo aavo jee
aavo jee
aavo aavo aavo jee


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3855 Post No. : 14868

Today’s song is a surprise item. Just when we were ( atleast I was) feeling that all available film songs of Noorjehan are covered in the Blog, I came across this song. As a Bonus, even the complete video of this song was traced by me. For a long time, only a short clip of the song was available, but now you can enjoy the full video too.

The song is from film Lal Haveli-44. The film was made by Bombay Cinetone of K.B.Lal, the producer and director of the film. It seems the finance for this film was provided by one Rooplal Mehra, as per comment made by one of our readers. The film story was by R S Chaudhari, dialogues were written by Agha Jaan Kashmiri and Wajahat Mirza and the screenplay was done by the director K B Lal himself.

The cast of the film consisted of the then popular singing pair Surendra and Noorjehan, supported by Ulhas, Maya Banerjee, Badri prasad, Kanhiayalal, Baby Meena(Meena kumari), Alaknanda, Brijrani and few others. The veteran composer Meer Sahab composed the melodious songs written by Munshi Shams Lucknowi.

Noorjehan ( 21.9.1926 – 23.12.2000 ) had a very short span of career in India- 1942 to 1947, as far as Hindi films are concerned. Her first Hindi film was Khandaan-42 as an adult and the last film was Jugnu-47. She acted in only 15 films during this period. They were Khandan-42, Naukar-43, Naadaan-43, Duhai-43, Lal Haveli and Dost in 44, Zeenat, Gaon ki Gori, Bhaijaan and Badi Maa in 45, Hamjoli, Dil and Anmol Ghadi in 46 and Mirza Sahibaan and Jugnu in 47. In these films, as per one source, she sang just 68 songs. 66 songs of these are already discussed on the Blog. Today’s song will be the 67th song.

As long as Noorjehan was in India, people were mad about her singing. After she left India, people became Nostalgic about her. Many composers used to insist the female singers to sing like Noorjehan ( just like after Saigal, his copies were popular), for quite some time. Over a period of course this influence waned. Out of the many artistes-in different categories of film making- who migrated to Pakistan, no one became as successful as Noorjehan. Not because she was extraordinary, but because there was an aura of fame and awe about her singing.

During 1980,Zia Sarhadi, who too had migrated to Pakistan, visited India. While in Bombay, he was asked ” How is our Noorjehan ?” He replied,” the most successful artiste who came from India was Noorjehan in Pakistan.”
” How is her singing?”
” you call it singing because she is singing, otherwise there is no charm in her singing anymore. Shreiking is what she does now, instead of singing. People in India are nostalgic about her. And why not ? Her best songs finished in India only. What she is doing in Pakistan , I wont call that singing ! ”
These words from a poet who wrote songs for her, like ” Diya jalakar aap bujhaya ” and ” Aaa intezar hai tera “,speak a lot about Norjehan’s singing in Pakistan.( from the book ” From Noorjehan to Lata” by Isak Mujawar).

I am not a fan of Noorjehan. In fact, except Mohd. Rafi, I dont consider any singer ( that includes Lata too) versatile and heart touching singer. Of course this is my personal opinion. Every person has his own likes and dislikes. When the tune is lovely, music is appropriate and Lyrics are meaningful, any song by any singer-in general- can become popular, but when Lyrics are meaningless, music is average and the tune is ordinary, to render a song that will touch your heart makes a singer immortal-like Rafi.

Film Lal Haveli-44 had some less known artistes namely Alaknanda and Brij Rani. Let us know more about them.

Brij Rani was born in 1921 at Shikarpur, Sindh province, in a well to do business family. She studied up to Matriculation and also qualified as a Middle School Teacher. However, she opted to join films as an actress. Her first film was Jeewan Jyoti-37, doing an un credited small role to get the feel, followed by Calcutta after Midnight-37, Aurat-40, Wayda-40, Ulti Ganga-42, Daughters of the Jungle-43, Bhagta Bhoot-43, Circus Girl-43 etc . She was getting roles only in stunt films and C grade films. Being from a business community, she started her own company- Bharat productions and herself made stunt films.
Meanwhile she continued acting in films like Lal Haveli-44 and acted and directed film Circus King-46 and film Sajni-47. Then there was a gap. probably she looked after her family. In 1951, she directed film Daamaad-51.

You will find one more name in the cast-Alaknanda. In Hindi films, there were many sister-pairs who worked as actresses, but in the history of Hindi films-both Silent as well as Talkie- there have been only 3 sets of 3 sisters who worked as actresses in the same periods. The first set was of Zubeida, Sultana and Shehzadi in the early 30s. Then in the 40s came the second set of Alaknanda, Tara and Sitara Devi. In the 50s, the last Trio of Padmini, Ragini and Lalitha worked in same period. After this, to my knowledge, no such Trio of actresses came on the screen. If you count step-sister also, then Mehtab was the step sister of Zubeida, Sultana and Shehzadi trio. This made them the only Quartet of Sister Actresses in Hindi Film History ever ! Even their mother Fatima acted, directed and Produced films, to boot !! Alas ! Their father did not join films !!!

Alaknanda was born in or around 1910 in a Banares situated Mishra family. Her clan had a tradition of singing in temples for the last 5 centuries. The family had close relations with Nepal and its Royal family. Her Grandfather was a court singer. Her grandmother and mother were from Nepal, so Alaknanda called herself as ‘ half Nepalese ‘.

When her father wanted to train her and her younger sister Tara, in Dancing and music, there was opposition from their society. Therefore the family moved to another corner of Banares and he started a Music school and trained children of Royal families from Bengal. In one of their visits to Calcutta, Sitara Devi was born in Calcutta. Alaknanda’s first Talkie film was Suryakumari-33. She worked in 37 films till late 40s. All three sisters worked together in film Haiwaan-40. She had sung 15 songs in 7 films. She got Cancer and died sometime in or around 1947. Not much information is available about her or her sister Tara/Tara Devi/Tarabai. Vithal Pandya, in his book mentions that in her last days, Tara stayed in Bombay slums and worked as extra in films in her old age( Famous dancer Gopi krishna was her son). Sitara Devi, on the contrary,lived a famous,rich and majestic life, with several marriages. That’s life, anyway.

Film Lal Haveli-44 story was nothing new. It was spun around an old time Thakur- beautiful daughter- cruel creditor etc type story. The story was-

Thakur Ramchand lives in his ancestral Haveli, of which he is very proud. His sister has eloped with an ordinary soldier. He had objected to their love story as the boy was from a lower caste. The soldier dies in war and his sister commits suicide. Thakur is very sad. His daughter Mukta (Noorjehan) is in love with her childhood friend Anand (Surendra). Thakur’s haveli is already mortgaged with seth Laxman singh. When thakur knows about Mukta’s love, he bans Anand from coming to their house, but the lovers meet secretly. Mukta is sent to attend the marriage of the daughter (Maya Banerjee) of Laxman singh. There, Laxman Singh’s son Jawahar (Ulhas) sees Mukta and desires her. On Mukta’s return to Thakur, Laxman singh proposes her marriage with Jawahar in return of his Haveli.
Mukta, to save family pride, agrees to this marriage. Anand is upset and joins Army and goes to the war front. Anand is injured severely. In the meantime Thakur dies and the marriage gets cancelled. Enraged, Jawahar decides to burn the Haveli as a revenge. Anand returns to the village, comes to know this. There is a confrontation of Jawahar and Anand. Finally, Jawahar has a change of heart, seeing the true love of Mukta and Anand and he blesses their marriage with Lal haveli as a Marriage Gift. So, all is well, happy ending.

In today’s video, see Noorjehan, Ulhas, Maya Banerjee, dancing- singing girls and enjoy this melodious song.


Song-Bhaiyya hamaaro jee (Laal Haweli)(1944) Singers-Unknown female voice, Noorjahaan, Lyrics-Shams Lucknowi, MD-Meer Sahab
Chorus

Lyrics

bhaiyyaa humaaro ji ee
bhaiyaa humaaro ji
aayi hain bahne aas lagaaye
aayi hain bahne aas lagaaye
dekho khadi hain duaar
dekho khadi hain duaar
bhaiyaa humaaro ji ee
bhaiyaa humaaro ji

haathon mein pahnungi sone ke kangan
haathon mein pahnoongi sone ke kangan
heere kaa pahnoongi haar
haar

heere kaa pahnoongi haar
bhaiyaa humaaro ji
bhaiyaa humaaro ji
bhaiyaa humaaro ji

pahanoongi main to dhaake ki saadi
pahanoongi main to dhaake ki saadi
bambay kaa gotaa kinaar

bambay kaa gotaa kinaar
bhaiyaa humaaro ji
bhaiyaa humaaro ji
bhaiyaa humaaro ji

na mohe chaahiye kangan naa saadi
na mohe chaahiye kangan naa saadi
naa teraa gotaa kinaar
naa teraa gotaa kinaar
ik bol kehde ae mere bhaiyaa
ik bol kehde ae mere bhaiyaa
pyaar se behna pukaar
pyaar se behna pukaar
bhaiyaa humaaro ji ee
bhaiyaa humaaro ji
bhaiyaa humaaro ji
aayi hain behnen aas lagaaye
aayi hain bahnen aas lagaaye
dekho khadi hain duaar
dekho khadi hain duaar
bhaiyaa humaaro ji
bhaiyaa humaaro ji


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3848 Post No. : 14857 Movie Count :

4064

Today’s song is from an obscure film- Sansaar Naiya-1939. This film was made jointly by Paramount and liberty pictures, Bombay. Actually, both these film companies made only and mainly Action/Stunt and Costume films. Since this was a ‘Social’ film, may be they had to support each others as they were presumably not used to handling such ‘offbeat’ film, from what they were accustomed to produce !

Though the film was classified as Social, the cast of the film contained predominantly seen stunt film actors only. They were Navinchandra, Sarojini, Noorjehan(sr), Basheer, Dhulia, Mirajkar, Mansoor, Kanta Kumari and others of the same ilk. There is also one name ” Puri” in the cast. He seems to be S.L.Puri, who was a singer also. In this film he has 4 solo and 3 duets with Sarojini. This could be the reason why he was in this action film.

For many readers, the name Sarojini may be an unknown name. This is exactly and what generally happens, when siblings are working in Films at the same time. Yes, Sarojini was the elder sister of the more famous actress Indurani. Both were stunt film actresses and worked in around 15+ films only. In reality, it was because of Sarojini that Indurani was dragged into films. Sarojini did more number of quality films than Indurani and also acted in more social films than Indurani. Her career period was longer than Indurani and her daughter Azra became a Heroine in Hindi films.

In spite of all these ‘better’ things, Sarojini’s younger sister Indurani hogged all the limelight. Articles were written on her and even an independent book was published on Indurani in USA. No one wrote on Sarojini exclusively. She appears in Indurani’s book and also is mentioned in Azra’s interview on beetehuedin.com

This type of fate is experienced by few more siblings in Hindi film industry. here are some examples, which I remember off hand…. Every movie buff knows the stingy Kanhiyalal, made famous by his roles of greedy merchants, sahukars (moneylenders) and a comic villain. He became more famous after film ” Mother India-57 “, though he did the same role in the original film ” Aurat”-40. But how many readers know that his elder brother was Sankata Prasad , an actor who was a regular in Sagar Movietone films, and later in more that 65 films ? Actually Sankata Prasad was responsible to bring his brother Kanhaiyalal (Chaturvedi) in the film world.

The eldest son of Jaddan bai, Akhtar Hussain, a very talented actor and director fell back on fame and publicity compared to younger brother Anwar Hussain. I am not comparing him with his sister Nargis.

Among the Travancore sisters, Raagini and Padmini shone here, but Lalitha did not shine in Hindi films. Nasir Khan lived all his life as brother of Dilip Kumar and had not many famous films to his credit. Some more such cases are, Laxmi Roy (younger sister of Geeta Roy), Laxmi Kumthekar (younger sister of Vatsala Kumthekar ), Compser Basant Prakash ( brother of Khemchand Prakash) and many more.

This is what I call as Luck. I agree that Talent is an individual gift and not a family or a traditional handout, but when all things are equal, one sibling lagging behind due to external factors, is purely a matter of Luck.

Actress Sarojini- real name Roshan Jehan and pet name Rani- was born in Delhi to Parents Sheikh Imamuddin and Munawwar Jehan, in 1920. Both sisters were put in a mission school of Daryaganj, Delhi. In those days, children were not allowed to see films, but Sarojini was interested in films and used to read film magazines, unknown to family. She was bold enough to send a letter to an actress of Saraswati Cinetone, Poona. In few days, she received a reply with that actress’ photo. The company asked her to send her photo. Sarojini managed to get a photo and send it across. Soon the company wrote to her that she will be appointed as an actress for Rs. 300 p.m.. Those days, this amount was a windfall.

When her father came to know all this he first gave a sound thrashing to her. Then he started thinking. Due to gambling and addiction, he had lost his business and they were in financial distress. He thought of earning some money by employing his daughters as actresses. He took Sarojini and a very reluctant Indurani to Poona. That time Sarojini was in English 8th std and Indu was in 9th std. At Poona, both got job as actresses at Rs. 300 each, as promised. Plus arrangements for their training in acting, singing and dancing was also arranged. Their father took Rs. 1000/- as advance, gave them some money and returned to Delhi. He sent their grandmother as their guardian.

Sarojini, being the elder, started working in the films immediately with film Deewani-1934. Then came Shri Satyanarayan-35. After closure of Saraswati cinetone, they came to Bombay and stayed in Hindu colony, Dadar. For some time they were engaged by Minerva Movietone for Rs. 450 pm, but when Ramniklal Shah offered them Rs. 500, they joined his company, Mohan pictures. While Indurani worked with Ramniklal, Sarojini worked with Nanubhai Vakil. Eventually, Indu married Ramnik Shah and Sarojini married Nanubhai Vakil in 1943.

Sarojini worked in 17 films in all- Deewani-34, Shri Satyanarayan-35, Bharat ki beti-35, Sundari-36, Son of Alladin -39, Sansar naiya-39, Madhu Bansari-39, Sanskaar-40, Jadui kangan-40, Hatimtai ki beti-40, Deepak Mahal-40, Taj mahal-41, Jadui bandhan-41, Farmaan-42, Naya Zamana-43, Son of Hatimtai-45 and her last film Cicus King-46. The sisters worked together in 3 films, Hatimtai ki beti and Jadui kangan of 1940 and Tajmahal-1941.

Sarojini had 2 daughters. The elder one Azra became a Heroine of many Hindi films. She married and retired. She stays in Bandra, Mumbai. The younger one Rehana, worked for an Airline, retired, widowed and stays in USA. Sarojini died in 1993. Her husband died in 1980.

Film Sansar Naiya was directed by Nanubhai vakil and MD was Damodar Sharma. All songs were written by Pt. Anuj (Sampatlal Shrivastav).

The Hero of this film was Navinchandra.

Navinchandraa’s full name was Navinchandra N. Joshi. He was born in 1907 at Jambusar and belonged to a Gujarati Bramhin family. When he was studying Intermidiate, his dream was to do M.Sc. and become a Professor. He was very much interested in body building and was a weight lifter.He was expert in Long jump, High jump and Malkhamb too, along with yogasanas. This made his body solid. Fair and handsome physique was noticed by one of the seniors in his Gym and he was taken to Bombay to meet produced director Indulal Yagnik. He offered him a Hero’s role in a stunt film. Thus Navin entered the film line with first silent stunt movie “The fall of Pawagarh”-1928. It was produced by Indulal Yagnik and directed by Nagendra Mujumdar. His first Heroine was Iris Crawford. He worked in more than 20 silent films and was famous as the Hero of Stunt and action films.

His first Talkie film was Kala Pahad-1933 in which his Heroine was Gauhar Karnataki ( sister of Amirbai karnataki and wife of Marathi stage artiste Bal Gandharv). The film was made by Sharda Movietone and directed by Baburao Apte (brother of actress Shanta Apte). Navinchandra acted in 33 talkie films, mostly stunt and action films. When the attraction of stunt films waned, he stopped getting roles, because stunt films were not being made now on roll. His last film was Jadui Putli-1946.

His age also caught up with him and he stopped getting films. He started doing small uncredited roles like an extra. The last information about him was when he was working as a Production manager in Imperial Film company, where now the studio was rented to other producers for shooting their films, by Irani’s heirs. One peculiar thing about Navinchandra was that except for the film’s required costume, he was always seen in Dhoti and Kurta only.

Today’s song is a rare song. The film had 11 songs (4 duets and 4 solos of Puri and 3 solos of Sarojini) The tune and style of the song is typical of the 30s period and quite a slow one, with long music prelude. With this song, film Sansar naiya-39 and singer Sarojini will make their Debut on the Blog.

( Thanks to shri Harish Raghuwanshi ji, Sadanand Kamath ji, ‘Asli Naqli chehere’ by Vithal Pandya, ‘ Silent cinema’ by Dr. Varma, MuVyz, HFGK and my notes, for information used hereabove.)


Song-Ritu basant ki aayi pyaari (Sansaar Naiyya)(1939) Singers- Sarojini, S L Puri, Lyrics- Pandit Anuj, MD- Damodar Sharma
Both

Lyrics

ritu basant ki aayi pyaari
ritu basant ki aayi pyaari
kaisi phool rahi phulwaari
kaisi phool rahi phulwaari
ritu basant ki aayi pyaari
ritu basant ki aayi pyaari

shaakhon pe baagh ke jhoolo
shaakhon pe baagh ke jhoolo
bulbul ban gulon ko chhoo lo
bulbul ban gulon ko chhoo lo

titli ban ke phool phool mein
titli ban ke phool phool mein
jaaun waari waari
jaaun waari waari
ritu basant ki aayi pyaari
ritu basant ki aayi pyaari
kaisi phool rahi phulwaari
kaisi phool rahi phulwaari
ritu basant ki aayi pyaari
ritu basant ki aayi pyaari

bhanwra ban ke main ud jaaun
bhanwra ban ke main ud jaaun
kali kali ka ras le aaun
kali kali ka ras le aaun

kunj kunj mein prem ki beena
kunj kunj mein prem ki beena
bajwaaun(?) sukh gori
bajwaaun(?) sukh gori
ritu basant ki aayi pyaari
ritu basant ki aayi pyaari ee


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3845 Post No. : 14857 Movie Count :

4062

Today’s song is from a film which was made by the Film Factory- Ranjit Movietone, in 1938. The name of the film is Billi aka The Cat. The film was directed by Jayant Desai and the music was by the in house Music Director-Gyan Dutt. All the songs and the screen play was by P L Santoshi.

This was the first decade of the Talkie films. Initially films were made on Mythology, folk tales and Parsi Theatre stories. Therefore there were repetitions of film subjects like Harishchandra or Shirin Farhad, among the different film makers. When this became too obvious, the film makers turned their attention to other sources like Hollywood films, famous novels and stories by well known authors.

In this race, the Calcutta film makers, notably New Theatres, was on ‘numero uno’ position. Bengal has a rich literary tradition. The works of famous writers like Bankim chnadra Chatterji, Saratchandra Chatterji, Rabindranath Tagore, A K Sen, Bijoy Muzumdar and many more have enriched Bangla literature. Films based on their stories were made in Calcutta. Bombay, of course, was not to lag behind and many films on National and International novels and Hollywood films were made here.

The major difference in these two film centres was that Bangla films were mostly true to the original novels and Bombay films were made keeping in view entertainment of the audience and so were made by adapting these famous literary works using cinematic liberties in plenty.

Most movies made in Bengal were based on famous stories, novels and dramas. These movies were made in Bangla (for eastern India markets) and Hindi language for all India market.

In Bombay, one of the the earliest films made on a famous author’s work was ” The Mill aka Mazdoor-1934, by Mohan Bhavnani’s Ajanta Cinetone. It was written by Munshi Premchand, and was based on the miserable and pathetic plight of the Mill workers of Bombay. Unfortunately, the powerful lobby of the rich Mill Owners of Bombay and Ahmedabad pressurised the Government of Bombay State to ban this film. Two years later and after many cuts, the dilapidated film was released as ” Ghareeb parwar aka Daya Ki Devi” in 1936, but it flopped miserably, dragging the makers- Ajanta Cinetone to bankruptcy.

In 1937, a film ” Khwabon ki Duniya” was made by the Prakash pictures’ duo of Vijay and Shankar Bhatt. It was based on the famous and popular novel ” The Invisible Man” by H.G.Wells, published in 1897. This Hindi film was a copy of the Hollywood film of the same name, made in 1933. The film was a novelty and did very good business. Later on, another film Mr. X – 1957 was also on the same theme.

Today’s film Billi-38 was based on the famous novel ” Damsel in distress” by P.G.Wodehouse. Wodehouse (15-10-1881 to 14-2-1975) was from England but stayed in US for most of his life. ( He is my favourite writer and I have many of his novels with me.) Wodehouse was famous for his British humour filled novels spun around characters like Jeeves, Bertie Wooster, Psmith, Blandings Castle and Lord Emsworth and Mr. Mulliner. His most famous novel Damsel in Distress was first serialised in ‘ The Saturday Evening Post’ in May and June 1919. It was published as a book on 4-10-1919 in UK and on 15-10-1919 in US. A stage play based on this novel, gave 234 performances in UK in 1928 and a Musical Comedy on it was made in 1937 in US.

‘Crime and Punishment’ by Fydor Dostoyevsky was the basis for film ‘ Phir subah hogi’-58. Many films were made on Tarzan novels by Edgar Rice Burrows and some thrillers were made on novels of Edgar Wallace. Hindi films based on famous novels/stories by Indian authors were many. An old example is Milan-46 on Tagore’s Nauka Doobi and recent examples are Chetan Bhagat’s 4 novels- Hello, Kai Poche, 2 states and 3 Idiots, as films of the same name. Some other films on Indian and western novels are Devdas, Parineeta, Omkara, Tere mere sapne, Guide, Aisha,Maqbool, junoon, Pinjar, Shatranj ke khiladi, Hamlet, Haider, Bandini, Balika Badhu, Dharamputra, Amar prem, Tamas and many more. the list would be too long, so suffice to mention these films.

There is nothing wrong in making films on famous novels, but when producers, directors, actors twist the story, add own stuff and make a ‘ Khichdi ‘ of the novel, think what the author must be feeling. ( In film Guddi, a writer called Deshpande, describes what the film makers do to the stories, to Prof. Gupta played by Utpal Dutt). A case in point is film Guide. It is on record how R K Narayan was disgusted with the Cinematic liberties the film makers took on his novel, and how he stopped attending shootings and vowed never to allow another producer to buy his stories !

Trouble comes when when the film is made on a western novel like ” Damsel in Distress “. First thing is to adapt the novel to Indian context and traditions. While doing this , most times, a mess is created. The story of this novel takes place in London and shifts to a village nearby later. in Indian version you have to show an Indian city ( Bombay) and a village. I read the review of this film in Film India- October 1938 issue. Baburao Patel- who rarely appreciated a film and was very partial to few directors and actors- tore apart the film. Every aspect of the film was criticised. However, despite his attempt, the film did very good film and was a success. It is shown in this film that after meeting just once, the hero and heroine, in their subsequent meeting, do not recognise each others and a Cat, gifted by hero to the heroine in their first meeting, helps in getting them together again.

The cast of the film had E. Billimorea, Sunita, Ishwarlal, Kantilal, Ila Devi, Mazhar, Ram Apte, Ghory and others. There were 11 songs in the film. today’s song is the first song to feature here. The song is sung by Ishwarlal and Ila Devi. I knew Ishwarlal, but Iladevi was a new name. Even after efforts no information was available to me about her. From the question-answer column of the magazine Film India, I learnt that Ila Devi’s original film name was Miss Ilmas. I do not know in which religion or community, this name is used.After making her debut in Hindi films in ‘ Nishan -E- Jung ‘-1937, she changed her name to Ila Devi and acted in 6 more films. Four films in 1938 (Billi,Bazigar, Rikshawala and Gorakh Aaya) and two films in 1939 (Adhuri Kahani and Kahan hai teri manzil). After this her name is not found in any films, when I checked.

This change of name, after using one name in a film, is not unique, though,this seems to be the First such instance. I know, off hand, at least two more such instances in Film industry. Actress Ameeta (Tumsa nahi dekha fame) had used name Jaijaiwanti in her first film Thokar-1953 ( her second film kaafila -52 was released first as Ameeta,however), but he changed it to her name Ameeta from next film onwards. ( her real name was Qamar Sultana). The second example is actress Zeb Rehman who was known first as Preetibala, then she changed her name to Zeb Rehman.

The male singer in this song is Ishwarlal. ISHWARLAL was born on 9-10-1911 at Ghanghaniya,Kathewar,Gujrat, as Ishwarlal Hariprasad Doshi.

He belonged to a Jain family. His father was in Police department at Kathiawar Agency. His father died when Ishwarlal was just 3 year old and mother raised him.

After Matriculation, he completed Teaching Diploma at the age of 16, but did not a job as he was underage.He came to Bombay, where his brother had some business, in 1927 to act in films. Ishwarlal was very handsome.

He got a job in Ranjit Studios.He started with silent films at a salary of Rs. 35 pm.His first Talkie film was Bhutiya Mahal-1932.Then came Char Chakram-32.He started acting and singing in films.Initially he sang only duets.meanwhile,with Jwalamukhi-36,he became Hero.he sang many songs in Ranjit films,but the records are not available.Those days,not all songs of the film were recoded for commercial purpose.
In Billi-38,he sang a duet with Ila Devi and Sunita devi and also in Aaj ka Hindustan.In Ummeed-41,he had a duet with Nurjahan. In Pyaas-41,he sang with S.Pradhan.

In 1942,first time he got solo songs to sing in Fariyaad. In Jabaan,under C.Ramchandra,he sang 7 songs.

Some of his films were-
Diwali,Dheeraj,Chandni,bhola shikar,nadira, sitamgarh, Veer babruwahan, Barrister’s wife, College kanya, Desh dasi, Keemti aansoo
dil ka daku,Jwalamukhi,Sajni,Dil farosh,Adhuri kahani,Thokar,Holi,pyar,Bansari Lalkar,Chirag,Us paar,
He worked in Ranjit for 13 years. Then he worked with Prafull pictures, Sun art, Wadia, Hind pictures and Atre Pictures also.

In 1945,he was the hero of Nurjehan in Badi Maa,but he had no songs, infact his last songs were in Us Paar-1944. His singing stopped completely when Rafi gave him playback in film Sharbati Aankhen-45.

Then he did character roles in Subhadra,Mahasati tulsi vrinda,Sanskar,Naulakha haar,Khuda ka banda etc.

He acted in 86 films. He also directed 11 films. He sang 36 songs in 14 films. His last film released was was kahani kismet ki-73
He was married in 1931 to a loyal wife kamalabai. They had no issues. Due to excessive smoking he contracted lung diseases and died on 22-1-1969 in Bombay.

With this song, the film Billi aka The Cat-38 and the singer Ila Devi make their Debut on this Blog.


Song-Chaal chale matwaari (Billi)(1938) Singers- Ishwarlal, Ila Devi, Lyrics-P L Santoshi, MD- Gyan Dutt
Both

Lyrics

Chaal chale matwaari
gaadi Chaal chale matwaari
Chaal chale matwaari
gaadi Chaal chale matwaari

raaja jee ki ajab sawaari
Chaal chale matwaari
Raaja
haan
raaja jee ki ajab sawaari
Chaal chale matwaari
gaadi Chaal chale matwaari
Chaal chale matwaari
gaadi Chaal chale matwaari

Raaja
kahaan rakha hai mukut tumhaara

ye hai sundar pyaara pyaara
Raaja
kahaan rakha hai mukut tumhaara

ye hai sundar pyaara pyaara

baaje chidiyaghar ke raaja
baaji moorakhpur ki raani
raani jee ki ajab sawaari
raaja jee ki ajab sawaari
raani jee ki ajab sawaari
raaja jee ki ajab sawaari
Chaal chale matwaari
gaadi Chaal chale matwaari
Chaal chale matwaari
gaadi Chaal chale matwaari


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3805 Post No. : 14800

There was a time when Blog century used to be so common that there used to be as many as two such occasions every month. How times have changed. Now we have one blog century in two months !

Song post number 14600 was covered on August 2018. Next song post number 14700 was covered on 17 october 2018. Now more than two months (62 days) later, at a strike rate of less than two songs a day, now we reach song post number 14800 !

I am not able to specifically pinpoint the reasons for this slow progress. There may be several reasons. One reason could be that I have become “busy”. I would summarily reject this reason. I am not busy any more than what I was during 2011 and 2012 when the blog saw centuries every 16 days. I still recall some music lovers complaining that theere were far too many song notifications every day spamming the inboxes of the subscribers. 🙂 And curiously enough, I used to think that the number of songs being posted those days was rather low. 🙂

One reason for slow progress these days coould be because we have become rather conscious of “records”, unlike the case in the past. During 2011 and 2012, we were not conscious about YIPPEE movies, debutant movies, count of songs in the movie etc. Yhose were simple days when we just covered songs as they occured to us, with far less planning. Today, considerable time is taken up in deciding which song to cover. Since so many thousands of songs have already been covered, searching for songs to cover also takes time now a days. So many songs from yesteryears have been covered that every new song that we discuss from those years appears like a gold dust to me. Unlike in the past, we rarely discuss songs composed by Naushad, Shankar Jaikishan, O P Nayyar, S D Burman etc mainly because bulk of the songs of these composers have already been covered and we are now scraping the bottom of the barrel, as far as remaining songs of these composers are concerned.

Same is the case for singers like say Mukesh, Talat Mehmood, Suraiyya etc. Bulk of songs sung by them have already been covered. In case of K l Saigal and Suraiyya, we have covered each and every song that is available.

During the early days of the year 2018, our new year resolution of covering one debutant song and ne YIPPEE song daily was adhered to with great discipline for the first four months before this resolution had to be abandoned.

Though we in the blog seem less prolific this days, but that is more than compensated by the research work related to HFM that goes on in the background. The well researched articles full of difficult to find information that our inhouse researchers, Mr Arunkumar Deshmuh and Mr Sadanand Kamath regularly come up with have added considerably to our knowledge of forgotten artists and movies of the past. Mr Sudhir Kapur has been digging up forgotten movies of 1960s, some of them so obscure that no details were known about them till they were discussed here. So, we many have slowed down in number of posts, but the quality of posts by our inhouse research scholars remains as high as ever.

Peevesie’s mom, despite being busy, heroically comes up with articles on the occasion of anniversaries of artists and also blog regulars. Regulars like Prakashchandra, Avinash Scrapwala, Mahesh Mamadapur etc silently keep adding value to the blog. So we continue to forge ahead, even if at a slow pace than before

Whenever we discuss a blog century song, we try to combine it with some other special occasion. This blog century post number 13800 is no different. We combine this article with the blog century of an artist. With this song, lyricist Yogesh completes one hundred songs in the blog.

I have gone through the filmography of Yogesh. Here I present the full filmography of Yogesh. This should serve as a ready reference as far as the HFM career of Yogesh is concerned.

I request reders to point out errors/ omissions in the filmography so that it can be made better and more compelete.

Filmography of Yogesh
———————

SNO Movie Title (year) MD Songs of Yogesh in blog Songs of Yogesh in movie Remarks
1 Sakhi Robin (1962) Robin Bannerji 4 6 All songs by Yogesh
2 Rocket Tarzan (1963) Robin Bannerji 1 6 All songs by Yogesh
3 Krisnavtaar (1964) Suresh Kumar 1 5 Total nine songs in movie
4 Marvel Man (1964) Robin Bannerji 3 6 Total seven songs in movie
5 Flying Circus (1965) Robin Bannerji 1 6 All songs by Yogesh
6 Spy in Goa (1966) Robin Bannerji 2 6 All songs by Yogesh
7 Tarzan ki mehbooba (1966) Suresh Kumar 1 2 Total six songs in movie
8 Ek Raat (1967) Usha Khanna 3 3 Total six songs in movie. All covered
9 Anand (1971) Salil Chaudhary 4 4 Total five songs in movie. All covered
10 Nanhi Kaliyaan (1971) Surendra NIL 2 Total five songs in movie. None covered
11 Annadaata (1972) Salil Chaudhary 6 6 All songs by Yogesh. All covered
12 Anokha Daan (1972) Salil Chaudhary 4 4 Total five songs in movie. All covered
13 Bansi Birju (1972) Vijay Raghav Rao 2 7 All songs by Yogesh
14 Mere Bhaiyya (1972) Salil Chaudhary 2 3 Total five songs in movie
15 Sabse Bada Sukh (1972) Salil Chaudhary NIL 2 Total two songs in movie. None covered
16 Bada Kabootar (1973) R D Burman 1 5 All songs by Yogesh
17 Honeymoon (1973) Usha Khanna 4 4 All songs by Yogesh. All covered
18 Nanha Shikaari (1973) Bappi Lahiri NIL 2 Total five songs in movie. One covered
19 Sonal (1973) Manna Dey NIL 4 Total four songs in movie. None covered
20 Jai Radhekrishna (1974) Vasant Desai NIL 5 Total five songs in movie. None covered
21 Manzilein Aur Bhi Hain (1974) Bhupinder Soni NIL 4 Total four songs in movie. None covered
22 Rajnigandha (1974) Salil Chaudhary 2 2 All songs by Yogesh. All covered
23 Us paar (1974) S D Burman 5 5 All songs by Yogesh. All covered
24 Mazaaq (1975) R D Burman 1 2 All songs by Yogesh.
25 Mili (1975) S D Burman 3 3 All songs by Yogesh. All covered
26 Chhoti Si Baat (1976) Salil Chaudhary 3 3 All songs by Yogesh. All covered
27 Anand Mahal (1977) Salil Chaudhary 1 2 Total four songs in movie
28 Chala Murari Hero Banne(1977) R D Burman 2 6 All songs by Yogesh
29 Jeewan Mukt (1977) R D Burman NIL 4 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
30 Mamta (1977) Shyamal Mitra 1 4 All songs by Yogesh
31 Minoo (1977) Salil Chaudhary 2 5 All songs by Yogesh
32 Priyatma (1977) Rajesh Roshan 1 1 Five songs in movie. All songs covered
33 Safed Jhoothh(1977) Shyamal Mitra NIL 4 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
34 Besharam (1978) Kalyanji Anandji 1 4 All songs by Yogesh
35 Daamaad (1978) Hemant Bhonsle 1 4 All songs by Yogesh
36 Dillagi (1978) Rajesh Roshan 4 4 All songs by Yogesh. All songs covered
37 Kaanoon ka shikaar (1978) Meena Mangeshkar NIL 3 Five songs in movie. None covered
38 Pal Do Pal Ka Saath (1978) Shyam Sagar 1 1 Four songs in movie.
39 Baaton Baaton Mein (1979) Rajesh Roshan 2 2 Four songs in movie. All songs covered
40 Do Ladke Donon Kadke (1979) Hemant Kumar NIL 2 All songs by Yogesh.
41 Hamaare Tumhaare (1979) R D Burman 2 5 All songs by Yogesh
42 Jeena Yahaan (1979) Salil Chaudhary 1 3 All songs by Yogesh
43 Saahas (1979) Amin Sangeet unknown unknown Five songs in movie. Breakup of songs among lyricists (Yogesh and Anjaan) unknown
44 Love in Canada (1979) Hemant Kumar 1 5 All songs by Yogesh
45 Manzil (1979) R D Burman 4 4 All songs by Yogesh (one multiple version song)
46 Raj Kumari (1979) Suresh Kumar NIL 6 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
47 Sampark (1979) Ravindra Jain NIL 4 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
48 Apne Paraaye (1980) Bappi Lahiri 2 4 All songs by Yogesh
49 Chaalbaaz (1980) Madan Mohan NIL 4 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
50 Chemmen Lehren (1980) Salil Chaudhary NIL 4 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
51 Room No 203 (1980) Salil Chaudhary NIL 2 Four songs in movie
52 Agni Pareeksha (1981) Salil Chaudhary 4 4 All songs by Yogesh. All songs covered
53 Chalo Bhor Ke Raahi (1981) Salil Chaudhary NIL 1 One song in movie
54 Naani Maa (1981) Salil Chaudhary NIL 2 All songs by Yogesh
55 Adhoora Aadmi (1982) R D Burman NIL 5 All songs by Yogesh
56 Anokha Bandhan (1982) Usha Khanna NIL 1 Six songs in movie. None covered
57 Shaukeen (1982) R D Burman 6 6 All songs by Yogesh. All songs covered
58 Bekhabar (1983) Usha Khanna NIL 3 Six songs in movie. None covered
59 Chatpatee (1983) Basu Manohari NIL 7 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
60 Kisi Se Na Kehna (1983) Bappi Lahiri NIL 5 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
61 Pasand Apni Apni (1983) Bappi Lahiri Unknown Unknown Six songs in movie. Breakup between lyricists ( Anjaan /Yogesh) not known
62 Raaste Aur Rishte (1983) Usha Khanna NIL 5 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
63 Rang Birangi (1983) R D Burman 2 4 All songs by Yogesh
64 Hanste Khelte (1984) Govind Naresh NIL 4 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
65 Laakhon ki baat (1984) Manas Mukherji NIL 5 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
66 I love you (1985) Usha Khanna NIL 5 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
67 Ehsaan Aap Ka (1986) Ravindra Jain NIL 4 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
68 Sheesha (1986) MD-Bappi Lahiri NIL 4 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
69 Tahkhaana(1986) Ajit Singh Unknown Unknown Three songs in movie. Breakup between lyricists ( Kafeel Azar /Yogesh) not known
70 Kaal Chakra (1988) Vijay Batalvi NIL 2 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
71 Trishaagni (1989) Salil Chaudhary Only one song in the movie. According to director Nabendu Ghosh’s book, this song is penned by Nabendu Ghosh
72 Aakhri Badla (1990) Salil Chaudhary NIL 4 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
73 Pyaar Bhara Dil (1991) Nikhil Vinay NIL 6 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
74 Ganga Ka Vachan (1992) Nikhil Vinay NIL 2 Six songs in movie. None covered
75 Jeena Marna Tere Sang (1992) Dilip Sen Samir Sen NIL 1 Thirteen songs in movie. None covered
76 Jhoothhi Shaan (1992) R D Burman NIL 4 Five songs in movie. None covered
77 Umar Pachpan Ki Dil Bachpan Ka (1992) Dilip Samir NIL 7 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
78 Aaja Meri Jaan (1993) Amar Utpal NIL 4 Fourteeen songs songs in movie. None covered
79 Chor Aur Chaand (1993) Nikhil Vinay NIL 9 Ten songs in movie. None covered
80 Dil Apna Preet Paraai (1993) Usha Khanna NIL 3 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
81 Dulaara (1994) Nikhil Vinay NIL 2 Eight songs in movie. None covered
82 Shikhar (1995) Nikhil Vijay NIL 1 Ten songs in movie. None covered
83 Soorajmukhi (1995) Ajay Swami NIL 2 Eight songs in movie. None covered
84 Apne Dam Per (1996) Aadesh Srivastav NIL 1 Seven songs in movie. None covered
85 English Babu Desi Mem (1996) Nikhil Vinay NIL 6 Seven songs in movie. None covered
86 Smuggler (1996) Bappi Lahiri NIL 2 Seven songs in movie. None covered
87 Gudgudee (1997) Bappi Lahiri NIL 4 Six songs in movie. None covered
88 Ham Hain Pyaar Mein (2002) Nishaad Vaidhya NIL 6 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
89 Sssshhh… (2003) Anu Malik NIL 1 Six songs in movie. None covered
90 Dushmani (2002) Nikhil Vinay NIL 1 Five songs in movie. None covered
91 Ye Lamhe Judaai Ke (2004) Nikhil Vinay NIL 2 Eight songs in movie. None covered
92 Suno Na (2009) Sanjay Chaudhary NIL 6 All songs by Yogesh. None covered
93 Khaap (2011) Anujj Kappoo NIL 3 Nine songs in movie. None covered

Coming to the song under discussioon, the song is from “Mazaaq”(1975). This by now forgotten movie was directed by Kumar for Indira Films Bombay. The movie had Vinod Mehra, Mausami Chatterji, Aruna Irani, Ifthikhar, Mehmood, Mridula, Bhagwan, Kanhaiyyalal, Agha, Keshto Mukherji, Mukri, Ridku, Shakeel, Ratan Gaurang, Gopal Mukherji, Samar Roy, V Gopal, Viju Khote, Asrani etc in it. The movie had guest appearances by Shubha Khote, Ravi Ghosh, Paintal, and special appearances by Basu Chatterji and S Ramnathan.

This movie had only two songs in it. First song is covered in the past.

Here is the second and final song from “Mazaaq”(1975) to appear in the blog. The song is a two part song. Part one is sung by Mohammed Rafi and it is lip synced by Vinod Mehra. Part II is a duet which is sung by Mohammed Rafi and Mehmood. It is picturised on Vinod Mehra and Mehmood. The song can be described as the title song as well as “advice” song.

Yogesh is the lyricist. Music is composed by R D Burman.

I vaguely remember having heard this song and then I forgot all about this song. It was only while searching for this song and playing it that I realised that I had last heard this song more than four decades ago ! Needless to state that I had no clue about the details of this song.

In a way, this forgotten gem of a song is a song fit to be covered as a special song in the blog.

With this song, the blog ticks one more landmark. Let us hope that this musical bandwagon, whicgh is moving at a slow pace will soon gain some momentum and will hopefully pick up the speed of train 18, if not bullet train. 🙂

I take this opportunity to thank one and all whose continued support and well wishes are the fuel on which this music bandwagon feeds.

Part I


Part II

Song-Paagal zamaane mein is paagalkhaane mein(Mazaaq)(1975) Singers-Rafi, Mehmood, Lyrics-Yogesh, MD-R D Burman
Both

Lyrics

Part I
—————-
paagal zamaane mein
is paagal khaane mein
sabse tu paagal jee ban ke mil
paagal zamaane mein
is paagal khaane mein
sabse tu paagal jee ban ke mil
paagal ke liye hai maaf
kuchh bhi wo kare mazaak
sun ae mere dil
paagal zamaane mein
is paagal khaane mein
sabse tu paagal jee ban ke mil
paagal ke liye hai maaf
kuchh bhi wo kare mazaak
sun ae mere dil
arre sun ae mere dil

duniya ka ye mela
hoon phir bhi main akela
aandhi mein jaise chiraag
kaisi hai ye uljhan
ke suljhaaye jitna man
utna hi uljhe dimaag
kaabil to bhookha mare
paagal jo chaahe kare
kaisa hai mazaak
paagal zamaane mein
is pagal khaane mein
sabse tu pagal jee ban ke to mil
paagal ke liye hai maaf
kuchh bhi wo kare mazaak
sun ae mere dil
arre sun ae mere dil

jal mein dhobi pyaasa
jab dekha ye tamaasha
tab jaa ke samjha main baat
jab tak khud na chaahen
nahin dhoonden khud hum raahen
dega nahin koi saath
matlab ka hai ye jahaan
inan hai aise yahaan
bolen din ko raat
paagal zamaane mein
is pagal khane me
sabse tu pagal jee ban ke to mil
paagal ke liye hai maaf
kuchh bhi wo kare mazaak
sun ae mere dil
are sun ae mere dil

——————————
Part II
——————————
samajh hai moti teri
jab ungli hogi tedhi
tab hi to niklega ghi
thheek hai
thheek hai
kya kehne hain tere
arre yaar kasam se mere
sach baat toone kahi

ham tum kya pade pade
takte hain khade khade
kar ke dillagi
arre paagal zamaane mein
is paagal khaane mein
sabse tu paagal hi ban ke mil
paagal ke liye hai maaf
kuchh bhi wo kare mazaak
sun ae mere dil
arre sun ae mere dil

oo oo
hahahaha
bol
bol apna thhobda khol
bol
ooohahahaha

maare kaun sa jaadu
jo bankar ghoome baabu
gadbad ghotala hain kya
gadbad ghotala hai kya
gadbad ghotala hain kya
gadbad ghotala
gadbad gadbad gadbad
gadbabd
gadbad ghotala hain kya

arey fark raha kya tujh mein
aur fark raha kya mujh mein
tujhko agar doon bata
yaaron se nahin chhupa
kha pi ke maze uda
toone sach kaha
aa toone sach kaha

paagal zamaane mein
is paagal khaane mein
sabse tu paagal hi ban ke mil
paagal ke liye hai maaf
kuchh bhi wo kare mazaak
sun ae mere dil
arre sun ae mere dil


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3783 Post No. : 14765

With the advent of talkies in 1931, many new actors joined the Hindi film industry in the 1930s in addition to those who had switched over from silent films. While some actors became successful and remained active in the film industry for a long time, an overwhelming majority of actors could not be sustained for longer period in the film industry. Within this category, there were some actors who became successful in their initial stages of the filmy career, but lost the momentum of success in their later stage. While they remained active in the film industry for reasonable period, they went into oblivion and thus forgotten after the end of their filmy career.

Rama Shukul was one of such actors who despite talent and age on his side could remain active only for a decade or so. Thereafter he made some sporadic appearances films in minor roles for about another decade. Today, he has been forgotten to such an extent that no basic information about him is available on the internet other than his incomplete filmography. Luckily, I could lay my hand on an article written by Hyacinth (pseudo name of Susheela Rani) on Rama Shukul in Filmindia magazine (September 1942) based on her inter-actions with him sometime in 1942. I could also update his filmography and other information from various issues of Filmindia magazines of 1938 to 1949 and thereafter from the website, myswar.co. I also watched his four films – ‘Bhabhi’ (1938), ‘Navjeevan’ (1939), ‘Durga’ (1939) and ‘Aazaad’ (1940) which are available online to get a feel of his acting. I found Rama Shukul to be a natural actor. He looked like a seasoned actor even in his first film ‘Bhabhi’ (1938).

Rama Shukul was born in Jabalpur to Badri Prasad Shukul and Sushila Shukul in a wealthy family. His father was the District Superintendent of Police in Central Province (presently the parts of Madhya Pradesh, Chhatishgarh, Odisha and Maharashtra). Rama Shukul was the only son and therefore was pampered a lot by his father. Whenever his father was transferred, he would take with him Rama Shukul. As a result, his education was affected. He completed his Matriculation and was enrolled in Robertson College, Jabalpur for graduate study. The pampering of his father was such an extent that he gifted a car for his son to travel to the college. The whole idea of his father was to keep Rama Shukul interested in studies. However, he was more interested in sports and acting than the studies.

Rama Shukul was the college champion for three years in a row in tennis and was in the college teams for cricket, hockey and volleyball. In 1935, he participated in the Inter-Collegiate Drama Competition at Banaras Hindu University where he received the trophy for the best actor in the role of Hamlet in the drama. His father wanted to send him to England for ICS or for becoming a barrister. But Rama Shukul could barely complete his Senior Cambridge. Looking at his son’s interest in sports, his father arranged for a job for him as an Assistand Director of Physical Culture in the State at Nagpur. But the young Rama Shukul refused to accept the job saying that he was going to become a film actor. His father lost all hopes of shaping his bright career.

In 1938, Rama Shukul came to Bombay (Mumbai) to pursue an acting career in the films. But to get into the film studios, one must have reference but Rama Shukul did not have any in Mumbai. He had one friend in Mumbai, Fazal Chinoy. His father, Sir Rahimtula Chinoy was the promoter of the Indian Radio Company and the Director of the Imperial Bank of India (now State Bank of India). He was also a former member of the Indian Legislature Assembly. With his influence, Rama Shukul could get an appointment with Sir Richard Temple, the Managing Director of Bombay Talkies.

Sir Richard was impressed with his educational background. He introduced Rama Shukul to Himanshu Rai who agreed to take him as an actor. He signed a contract with Bombay Talkies in September 1938 and made it to ‘Bhabhi’ (1938) as his first film in a villainous role. The film was a box office success. In the film’s review published in ‘Filmindia’, Baburao Patel praised his acting by saying that ‘Rama Shukul is a good addition to the Indian screen. In the role of Anupam – the main obstacle in the whole scheme, he turns out to be a successful nuisance’.

Rama Shukul worked for Bombay Talkies for about 2 years during which time he acted in lead roles with Hansa Wadkar in ‘Navjeevan’ (1939) and with Devika Rani and Hansa Wadkar in ‘Durga’ (1939). In ‘Aazaad’ (1940), though Ashok Kumar and Leela Chitnis had lead roles, it was Rama Shukul pairing with Hansa Wadkar who had major presence in the film.

When he was to work opposite Devika Rani in his 5th film in Bombay Talkies, Himanshu Rai died. His death was a great shock to Rama Shukul due to his personal attachment. He was regarded as a blue-eyed boy of Himanshu Rai. Many in the Bombay Talkies had developed dislike for him as they felt that he was pampered by the boss of the Bombay Talkies. In this milieu, Rama Shukul could not continue in the Bombay Talkies for long.

His next destination was Ranjit Movietone where he acted in the second lead role in ‘Iqraar’(1942). This was followed by ‘Mehmaan’ (1942), ‘Fariyaad’ (1942) and ‘Dukh Sukh’ (1942). However, none of these films made much impact on the box office front. From 1943, he became a free-lance artist and acted in the second lead in Ramnik Productions’ ‘Dulhan’ (1943), ‘Kiran’ (1944), and ‘Gaon Ki Gori’ (1945).

By this time, his status as an actor seems to have come down from second lead actor to one among the supporting actors. In this category, he worked in Filmistan’s ‘Eight Days’ (1946) and ‘Shikari’ (1946). This was followed by ‘Mulaaqat’ (1947), ‘Shikaayat’ (1948) and ‘Meherbaani’ (1950).

After 1950, the filmy assignments of Rama Shukul seem to have dwindled significantly. His name started appearing in ‘other actors’ like in ‘Shamsheer’ (1953), ‘Sardaar’ (1955) and ‘Sitaaron Se Aage’ (1958). ‘Madhu’ (1959) was Rama Shukul’s last film as an actor when he may be around 45 years of age. I could not get any information as to how he spent rest of his life after 1959.

Despite being recognised as one of the fine actors of the 1940s, Rama Shukul had an active filmy career of about 10 years (1938-48). During his entire career, he acted in 20 films.

I am presenting ‘zara dheere ho zara dheere’ from ‘Mehmaan’ (1942) sung by Shamim Bano and Rama Shukul. The song is written by Pandit Indra and is set to music by Khemchand Prakash. This duet is actor-singer songs and is the 5th song to appear in the Blog.

Although HFGK credits the male voice in the song to Rama Shukul, in my view, it may not be his voice when I compare his voice in the songs in ‘Navjeevan’ (1939) and ‘Durga’ (1939). My hunch is that the male voice in this song may be of Bulo C Rani based on his rendition of ‘rootthna pyaar mein karwat ka badal jaana hai’ from the same film. I request the opinions from the experts on my presumption.

For the time being, however, I have retained the name of Rama Shukul as the male singer in the video caption of the song.

I find this song a sweet expression of love.


Song-Zara dheere ho zara dheere(Mehmaan)(1942) Singers-Shamim Bano, Rama Sukul, Lyrics-Pt Indra Chandra, MD-Khemchand Prakash
Both

Lyrics

zara dheere ho zara dheere
zara dheere ho zara dheere
zara dheere ho zara dheere
zara dheere ho zara dheere
saajanwa
saajaniya
saajanwa
saajaniya
zara dheere dheere
zara dheere dheere
jhoola na ho
mora naazuk jiya behlaana
o mora naazuk jiya behalaana
zara dheere ho zara dheere
zara dheere ho zara dheere

chunariya hamaari hawa ho gayi
nazariya tumhaari dawa ho gayi
chunariya hamaari hawa ho gayi
nazariya tumhaari dawa ho gayi
ye champa chameli rahi kyun akeli
bataao zara morey shyaam
ye champa chameli rahi kyun akeli
bataao zara morey shyaam
saajanwa
saajaniya
saajanwa
saajaniya
zara dheere dheere
zara dheere dheere
jhoola na ho
mora nazuk jiya behlaana
o mora najuk jiya behalaana
zara dheere ho zara dheere
zara dheere ho zara dheere
zara dheere ho zara dheere
zara dheere ho zara dheere


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(© 2008 - 2019) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 15000 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3900 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

15005

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1167
Total Number of movies covered =4107

Total visits so far

  • 11,594,015 hits

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Historical dates

Blog Start date: 19 july 2008

Active for more than 4000 days.

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