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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘“Qismat” song’ Category


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

What is common among Sulochana (real name: Ruby Mayer), Rose (Rose Musleah), Pramila (Easther Victoria Abraham), Sabita Devi (Iris Gasper) and Ramola Devi (Rachel Cohen)?

They all were Jews (almost all of them being Baghdadi Jews) hailing from Calcutta (Kolkata) and were star actresses in Hindi films during 1930s and 40s. Barring Ramola Devi, all of them started their filmy career with silent films. It is surprising that those days when oriental women were mostly relegated to the four walls of their homes, how these Baghdadi Jew actresses found their way to the film industry which was not regarded as a respectable profession even in their Middle-East culture. To understand this, it is necessary to go into the genesis of Baghdadi Jews in India.

Some Baghdadi Jews migrated to India sometime in the beginning of 18th century from Iraq and other Middle-East countries to escape religious persecution and for better business opportunity. Once in India, they quickly adapted to the British culture. The children were educated in convent schools run by Christian missionaries. Over a period of time, they switched over from Arabic to English as language of communication within the families. By virtue of education and a good command over English, Baghdadi Jews got the employment opportunity with British companies and Government organisations. The woman folks mostly worked as teacher, nurse, telephone operators and secretaries.

During the early stage of film industry in India, the producers found it hard to get female actors as those days joining film industry was not regarded as a respectable profession by most of the Hindus and Muslim families. On the other hand, the Baghdadi Jews families living in Calcutta were liberal in this respect. Moreover, the Indian audiences’ weakness for the fair skin was a favourable proposition for film producers to get the Baghdadi Jews and Anglo-Indians as actress for their films.

In this article, I am discussing one of star actresses belonging to Baghdadi Jew family of Calcutta. And the star actress is Rose Musleah, who was known as Rose or Miss Rose in the film industry.

I had given a short profile of Miss Rose in my article hamen kyaa ab khizaan jaaye na jaaye. Arun ji had also given a short profile of her in his article aayenge saajna aayenge. Sometime back, I had read a detailed interview of Rose taken by Susheela Rani Patel in November 1941 issue of ‘Filmindia’ Magazine. But the thought of writing an article on her came to my mind now only as I have mp3 clips of a couple of her rare songs.

I also used information on Rose that was available in the other featured sections of ‘Filmindia’ in its various issues from 1937 to 1945. For Baghdadi Jews in India, some of the information has been taken from the articles appearing on the internet in connection with production of a documentary film ‘Shalome Bollywood – The Untold Story of Indian Cinema’ in which the contributions of Indian Jewish artists would be covered. The documentary is yet to be released.

Rose was born on June 19, 1911 in a wealthy Baghdadi Jew family in Calcutta (Kolkata). Her father was the private secretary to Sir B B Banerjee, the Consul General of Costa Rica who was the son-in-law of Maharaja Jatindra Mohan Tagore. At the age of 15, Rose passed Senior Cambridge examination and was set to become a doctor. However, her father was not in favour of her further studies and instead at the age of 16, he got her married to a boy from Ezra family. The marriage ended in a divorce by which time she had two daughters from him.

Like father, Rose became a private secretary in a British company. Side by side, she also became an instructor for Ball Room dancing. Because of her flair for dancing and acting apart from being an attractive looking girl, her friends suggested her to take up the acting career. This prompted her to join the stage under Agha Hashr Kashmiri, the famous poet and playwright of that time. Under his tutelage, Rose learnt to speak fluent Hindustani and improved her acting skill.

After getting experience of acting on the stage, Rose met J F Madan of Madan Theatre with a letter of recommendation from the owner of Tollywood Studio and joined the banner. [I, however, find her first film to be the silent film ‘The Culprit’ aka ‘Apraadhi’ (1931) produced under the banner of Barua Film Unit]. Her first talky film with Madan Theatre was ‘Pati Bhakti’ (1932). Thereafter she worked in ‘Hindustan’ (1932), ‘Alladin Aur Jaadui Chiraag’ (1933), ‘Turki Sher’ (1933) and other 5-6 films.

In 1935, Rose shifted to Bombay (Mumbai) and joined Imperial Film Company for a two-year contract. ‘Hamaari Betiyaan’ aka ‘Our Darling Daughters’ (1936) was her first film with Imperial in which she shared the star cast with her cousin Pramila. This was followed by ‘Ghulam Daaku’ (1936) and ‘Do Auraten’ aka ‘Two Women’ (1937).

After the end of the contract, Rose joined Saroj Movietone and worked in their films ‘Kal Ki Baat’ (1937) and ‘Rifle Girl’ (1938). After her stint with Saroj Movietone, Rose seems to have become a freelancer as she did Sagar Movietone’s ‘Hum Tum Aur Who’ (1938), Saraswati Cinetone’s ‘Sach Hai’ (1939), National Studios’ ‘Sanskaar’ (1940), ‘Kasauti’ (1941) and ‘Garib’ (1942), Ranjit Moveitone’s ‘Adhuri Kahaani’ (1939) and ‘Aaj Kaa Hindustan’ (1940), Kishore Sahu’s ‘Bahurani’ (1940), Prakash Pictures’ ‘Maala’ (1941) and Prabaht’s ‘Nayi Kahaani’ (1943).

In the interview, Rose had said that since she had two growing daughters, she wanted to have the flexibility of working in the films according to her convenience and as a freelancer she could get that freedom. However, it would appear that in trying to balance her career with family responsibilities, she missed her career in the later years as I find that in 1944, she did not have any films for release. In 1945, she had only one film ‘Ramayani’ (1945). Her filmy career ended with ‘Daasi Yaa Maa’ (1946).

Rose worked in 28 films during 1931 to 1946. Unfortunately, only one of her film, ‘Nayi Kahaani’ (1943) is available for viewing. From the reviews of some of her films of 1940 and thereafter, it appears that she had done mostly the role of an educated and sophisticated girl.

I could not get the information as to how Rose spent her life after her ‘retirement’ from the films. All I know is that during 1940s, she was staying in Keval Mahal at Marine Drive. And those days, it was a status symbol for successful film stars to stay in Marine Drive in buildings like, Keval Mahal, Kapur Mahal, Zaver Mahal, Krishna Mahal (all these buildings are adjunct to each other).

Rose had two daughters – Marjorie and Cynthia. Cynthia was 87 when her interview was taken in her apartments in Las Angles (USA) sometime in 2015 in connection with the documentary film I referred to above. I guess Marjorie remained in Mumbai until her death if I go by a comment of her daughter Rachel Reuben, the super model and now a film editor, in an article which appeared in ‘Outlook’, July 2006.

Coming to the song, I have selected a rare song ‘qismat mein koi sukh nahin’ rendered by Rose from an obscure film ‘Daasi Yaa Maa’ (1946). The film was produced under the banner of Star Productions (Ratanbai’s film production company) and was directed by Ramnik Desai. The star cast included Rose, Shahu Modak, Durga Khote, Shantarin, Chandabai, Majeed, Zillo etc. The film had 9 songs written by Wahid Qureshi which were set to music by Mustaq Hussain (Ustad Mustaq Hussain Khan of Bareilly), probably based on Raag Malkauns.

With this song, the film ‘Daasi Yaa Maa’(1946) makes its debut in the Blog.


Song-Qismat mein koi sukh nahin (Daasi Ya Maa)(1946) Singer-Miss Rose, Lyrics-Wahid Qureshi, MD-Mushtaq Hussain

Lyrics

qismet mein koi sukh nahin
dil mein koi khushi nahin
qismet mein koi sukh nahin
dil mein koi khushi nahin
mere liye to zindagi
maut hai zindagi nahin
mere liye to zindagi
maut hai zindagi nahin

hansna bhi chaahoon main agar
aansoo nikal paden abhi
hansna bhi chaahoon main agar
aansoo nikal paden abhi
honthon pe aaye kyon hansi
qismet mein jab hansi nahin
honthon pe aaye kyon hansi
qismet mein jab hansi nahin

maut ki aur baat hai
maut ki aur baat hai
maut kathin sahi magar
maut kathin sahi magar
jab ke na koi aas ho
jeena bhi dillagi nahin
jab ke na koi aas ho
jeena bhi dillagi nahin
———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————
क़िस्मत में कोई सुख नहीं
दिल में कोई खुशी नहीं
क़िस्मत में कोई सुख नहीं
दिल में कोई खुशी नहीं
मेरे लिए तो ज़िन्दगी
मौत है ज़िन्दगी नहीं
मेरे लिए तो ज़िन्दगी
मौत है ज़िन्दगी नहीं

हँसना भी चाहूँ मैं अगर
आँसू निकाल पड़ें अभी
हँसना भी चाहूँ मैं अगर
आँसू निकाल पड़ें अभी
होठों पे आए क्यों हंसी
क़िस्मत में जब हंसी नहीं
होठों पे आए क्यों हंसी
क़िस्मत में जब हंसी नहीं

मौत की और बात है
मौत की और बात है
मौत कठिन सही मगर
मौत कठिन सही मगर
जब के ना कोई आस हो
जीना भी दिल्लगी नहीं
जब के ना कोई आस हो
जीना भी दिल्लगी नहीं


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This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Dev Kanya” (1946), a mythological movie was directed by Dhirubhai Desai for Vishnu Cinetone, Bombay. The movie had Leeta Desai, Leela Chitnis, Ulhas, Wasti, Jillo, Indira, Kashinath, Samson, Himmatlal etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Sanskaar”(1952) was produced and directed by V M Vyas. The movie had Mumtaz Shanti, Purnima, Veera, Pran, Razi, Shashi Kapoor (Sr), Ihswar Lal, Mirza Musharraf, Murad, Kalyani, Pappu, Baby Naaz, Indira Mumtaz etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Mohammed Rafi – ‘अ’  से  ‘ह’ तक  (From ‘अ’ to ‘ह’) – 4
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

xईx  ‘उ’
“उन्हें मंज़िल नहीं मिलती जो किस्मत के सहारे हैं”

Ah yes, you notice that I skipped the vowel ‘ई’ and jumped straight to the vowel ‘उ’. The reason is that in all the film and non film songs that I could access and check, all songs starting with ‘ई’ have already been posted. With its typical usage profile in the language, there are very few songs that start with words that start with ‘ई’ in Rafi Sb’s list of songs. So I move on to the next vowel in sequence.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Duniya” (1949) was produced by Fazli brothers and directed by S F Hussain. The movie had Karan Dewan, Suraiya, Yakub, Anwari, Bhudo Advani, Shakila, Zubeida, Jankidas etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Chandrakanta” (1956) was a Sippy Films production movie. It was produced and directed by G P Sippy. The movie had Bharat Bhushan, Bina Rai, Johny Walker, Bipin Gupta, Hiralal, B M Vyas etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Moti Mahal” (1952) was directed by Ravindra Dave for Nigaristan Pictures. The movie had Ajit, Veera, Suraiya, Jeevan, Tabassum, Satish etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


“Sagaai” (1951) was a Verma Films production. Like most Hindi movies of the past, details about this movie is difficult to find online. Fortunately we have our own Mr Arunkumar Deshmukh, our beloved inhouse encyclopaedia. Here is what he has to tell about this movie:
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by nahm, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor of this blog.

Long ago during weddings in the family, couple of my aunts who were fond of singing, would start this singing session, among ladies. There were a few peppy songs, but I am remmbering a couple of songs now like ‘chhod baabul ka ghar mohe pi ke nagar’ from Baabul’ (1950) and ‘baalam se milan hogaa sharmaane ke din aaye’ from ‘ Chaudhvi ka chand ‘. They would sing it in chorus in Shamshad Begum style. They probabaly had no inkling that the song from Baabul is a sad song, and song from ‘Chaudhvi ka chand’ is by Geeta Dutt.
Read more on this topic…


“Hanste Aansoo” (1950) was an Akash Chitra Production movie. It was directed by K B Lal. The movie had Motilal, Madhubala, Gope, Manorama, Mirza Musharaf, Jankidas etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for more than nine years. This blog has over 13500 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3300 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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