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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘Shamshad Begam


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4073 Post No. : 15210

Today’s song is from a devotional,mythological film – Nav Durga-1953. Nav Durga does not mean New Durga here, but ‘Nav’ stands for nine. This film is about the nine forms of Devi Durga and how it saved its Bhakt from annihilation.

The film was produced by Homi Wadia’s Basant Pictures. It was directed by the great Editor and special effect-Trick scene expert Babubhai Mistri. Babubhai Mistri (5-9-1918 to 20-12-2010), in the beginning, was an assistant with Prakash pictures.Prakash was making a film “Khwabon ki Duniya”- 37, based on the famous novel “The Invisible Man” by H.G.Wells,1897.The shooting started but the basic problem was how to show the ‘invisible‘ man. There was no special effect technique available in India till then, like in Hollywood. Vijay Bhatt had an assistant called Babubhai Mistri, who accepted the challenge and using a dim light, a black curtain and a black thread to move articles, he achieved the desired results. This made the film not only a hit and popular one, but also a unique one. Babubhai Mistri, thus, became the father of the trick scenes and special effects in India. In the process, Babubhai also earned a nickname of ‘kaala dhaaga‘ (black thread) for rest of his life, in the film industry.

Babubhai directed 49 Hindi films-mostly B and C grade Mythologicals, Costume, and Historical films. He also directed 1 Telugu and 9 Gujarati films. His first film as a director was Muqabala-42. Surprisingly he started off with a social film, but there was a valid reason. The initial Poster Painter had developed into a skilled Editor and trick scene expert, by his own hard work,encouraged by the Wadia brothers. The film was an unusual film of a story of twin sisters. Wadias wanted Babubhai to do something which will make the film stand out from all other such films.

Directed by Babubhai Mistry, it was the last movie of Fearless Nadia for Wadia Movietone. She had a double role of twin sisters: good Madhuri and bad Rita.

Rita is kidnapped by the villain and made into a Night club singer,while Rai Bahadur brings up good Madhuri.
Nadia was appreciated much for the performance contrast for both roles.
This film was First in India to use Split-screen method for double roles,where both sisters could cross each others,shake hands and talk together.The other attraction was the Night club set,which,in case of police Raid,could be converted into a respected residence in few minutes.It was a great fun to watch these two things.

A happy ending picture, but to see and hear the laboured Hindi dialogues of Madhuri (good Nadia) was another treat.

The cast of the film Nav Durga-53 consisted of Usha Kiran, Mahipal, S N Tripathi, Sulochana Chatterji, Amarnath, Agha Shapur, Raja Sandow and many more. Usually, there are more characters in a Mythological film and hence their credit list is very long. In this list, the name of Raja Sandow appears. I am sure, this is not that Raja Sandow, who was famous as a silent film Hero and who acted in many Talkie films too. He died in 1942 itself. Obviously, this must be some other Raja, trying to cause “Same name confusion” without success,though.

However, one name in the cast – Amarnath- is worth a re-look. Amarnath (Bharadwaj) is one of the “same name confusions” victims. There were two Pt. Amarnath Music Directors, 1 actor Amar, 1 actor Amarnath and 1 actor/Director (K.) Amarnath.

This Amarnath was born in Hafizabad, in Gujaranwala district of Punjab (Now in Pakistan) in 1922. He started acting in 1939 with Kidar Sharma’s “Dil hi to hai”. Graduating from doing small roles he was made the Leading Man in Dalsukh Pancholi’s film “Patjhad”, started in 1947 opposite Meena (Shorey). Pancholi had to flee Lahore due to Partition riots, but he carried the negatives of Patjhad. Though the film was censored in India in 1948, it seems it was never released.
Amarnath (Bharadwaj) starred as Hero in many other films,like Naghma E Sehra-45, Papiha re-48, Barsat ki ek raat-48, Swayam sidha-49, Nai Bhabhi-50, Kamal ke phool-50, Sheesh Mahal-50, Jalte Deep-50, Johri-51, Nai zindagi-51 , Nirmohi-52, Nirmal-52, Bahu Beti-53, Nav Durga-53, Toofan-54 etc. Then he switched over to side roles. In all, he worked in 81 films (CITWF data). His last film was Kaun ho tum-70.

In India, there is no dearth of festivals. In fact, India can be called a Nation of Festivals. With scores of religions in India and every religion having its own Festivals, one can imagine the number of Festivals. Not every festival is celebrated all over the country, but even the major 7 religions have their own festivals. Hinduism being the largest religion (80% as per 2011 Census), almost every month has , if not a major, but minor festival in some or the other region of India.

The period of October to January is called a Festival season, as many major festivals like Dashehara, Diwali, Christmas and Sankranti fall in this period. Vijaya Dashami or Dashehra or Dasara is due in next month, so is Diwali too. Dashehra is celebrated also as a Durga Puja Festival enthusiastically, in the Eastern part of the country mainly, but all over India, Durga Puja is done.

Film Nav Durga-53 was about the powers of Maha Shakti Durga Mata. Durga is believed to have 9 forms. Navdurga, Nine forms of Durga, are nine manifestations of the goddess Durga in Hinduism, especially worshiped during the festival of Navratri where each of the nine manifested forms are venerated respectively for each night. In short, they are…

1. Shail Putri – Daughter of Himalayas

2. Bramhacharini – Daksh Kanya Sati-before marriage

3. Chandraghanta – After marriage to Shiv, adorned his forehead as Half Moon

4. Kushmanda – Living in the Sun

5. Skandmata – Mother of war lord Kartikey

6. Katyayani – Daughter of sage Katyayan, destroyed Mahishasur

7. Kaalratri – Most ferocious and fiercest, destroyer of Asurs Shumbh/ Nishumbh

8. Mahagauri – Goddess of purity and cleanliness and

9. Siddhidatri – Adi Parashakti, appears from Siva’s left side

The story of Nav Durga-53 was- Suryawarcha is punished by Indra dev for his arrogance and is sent to mrityulok(Earth),when he is about to get married to Vishala.On Visahala’s request Vishnu assures that he will come back to swarga again,but she must prey to Maa Durga.
Maurvi d/o asur Mur wants to take revenge on Krishna for killing her father.She marries Ghatotkach s/o Bhima.They get a son Barbarik(Suryavarch),whom Murvi takes to Navdurga at Guptakshetra Sangam and prays.
Barbarik gets a boon of invincibility except for an Avtar of Vishnu.He goes to Pandavas and challenges them,knowing that Krishna will also come there.In the war,Krishna severs his head with Sudarshan Chakra.Mata Durga appears and takes Suryavarcha to heaven where his consort Vishala is still waiting with a Garland.

Today’s song is very sweet, melodious and a lilting song. I feel this tune is inspired by a similar sounding song, ” Hum tum yeh bahar, dekho rang laya pyar, barsaat ke mahine mein” – a duet of Rafi and Lata, composed by Ghulam Mohd,MD, for film Ambar-52.

(Thanks to Harish Raghuwanshi ji for Amarnath information and blog beetehuedin.com for Babubhai information, used herein.)


Song-Ek teer chalaa ke gori bijli giraa ke (Nav Durga)(1953) Singers-Chitragupta, Shamshad Begam, Lyrics-Ramesh Chandra Pandey, MD-S N Tripathi

Lyrics

ek teer chalaa ke
gori bijli giraa ke
mohe chhod ke akeli kahaan jaaye re
o tere sath na rahoongi
koi baat na karoongi
kaahe baat baat mein mohe sataaye re
mohe sataaye re

o ek teer chalaa ke
gori bijli giraa ke
mohe chhodke akeli kahaan jaaye re
o tere saath na rahoongi
koi baat na karoongi
kaahe baat baat mein mohe sataaye re
mohe sataaye re

dekho ji dekho ji dekho dekho ji
kya
mera naram kaleja toot jaayega
bhala hoga mera peechha chhoot jaayega
hoye chhoot jaayega

o mera naram kaleja toot jaayega
o bhala hoga
mera peechha chhoot jaayega
hoye chhoot jayega

ari sun to
aise baalam ko sataana nahin accha ji
o sote sher ko jagaana nahin accha ji
sher
arre ja
teri mendhak ki chaal hai
bakre ki khaal hai
teri kya mazaal hai
tu banega sher

ari meri baat maan gori mujhe pehchaan
kaahe jhoothmooth rang tu jamaaye re
o tere saath na rahoongi
koi baat na karoongi
kaahe baat baat mein mohe sataaye re
mohe sataaye re

suno ji suno ji suno suno ji
tu kaun hai
ye poochhne main aayi hoon

o tere baap ka hone waala jamaai hoon
ho jamaai hoon
tu kaun hai
ye poochhne main aayi hoon

tere baap ka hone waala jamaai hoon
ho jamaai hoon
arre ja
chal hat teri baat mein jamaal hai
badi door abhi teri sasuraal hai

accha dekhta hoon gori aaj teri seenajori
tu kab tak akad nibhaaye re
o tere saath na rahoongi
koi baat na karoongi
kaahe baat baat mein mohe sataaye re
mohe sataaye re

nahin maanengi
un hoon
nahin maanengi
un hoon
nahin maanegi
to main bhi mar jaaunga
accha hoga
din raat bhoot banke sataaunga
o din raat bhoot banke sataaunga
sataaunga sataaunga
mere bina ek din tera jeena hai kathin
tu pal bhar chain na paaye re
o tere saath na rahoongi
koi baat na karoongi
kaahe baat baat mein mohe sataaye re
mohe sataaye re

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This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4062 Post No. : 15195

“Jal Tarang”(1949) was directed by Rajendra Sharma for Kuldeep Pictures Limited, Bombay. This “social” movie had Geeta Baali, Rehman, Ram Singh, Rajan Haksar, Ramesh Thakur, Shashikala, Kesari, Pesi Patel, Shyama, Sevak, Uma Dutt, Tiger (dog) etc in it.

The ovie had nine songs in it that were penned by six lyricists. Four of these songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the fifth song from “Jal Tarang”(1949) to appear in the blog. The song is a sung by Rafi and Shamshad Begam for most part and then one unknown male voice sings a line in the last stanza. So, what was sounding like a duet becomes a non duet. I request our knowledgeable readers to help identify this unknown male voice. My guess is that it could be Husnlal or Bhagatram, one of the music director duo.

Pt Sudarshan is the lyricist. This was the only song penned by him in this movie. Music is composed by Husnlal Bhagatram.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Musaafir sada geet gaaye chala chal (Jal Tarang)(1949) Singers-Rafi, Shamshad Begam, Unknown male voice, Lyrics-Pt Sudarshan, MD-Husnlal Bhagatram
Both

Lyrics

musaafir sada geet gaaye chala chal
gaaye chala chal
gaaye chala chal

chala chal
chala chal
safar ki kahaani sunaaye chala chal
sunaaye chala chal
sunaaye chala chal

chala chal
chala chal

kahin ban ke rahmat ka baadal baras ja aa aa
kahin ban ke rahmat ka baadal baras jaa
kahin dil pe bijli giraaye chala chal
kahin dil pe bijli giraaye chala chal
giraaye chalaa chal
musaafir sada geet gaaye chala chal
gaaye chala chal
gaaye chala chal

chala chal
chala chal

rukaawat ke patthar hataaye chala chal l
rukaawat ke patthar
hataaye chala chal
dhuyen aasmaan ke udaaye chala chal
dhuyen aasmaan ke udaaye chalaa chal
udaaye chala chal
musaafir sada geet gaaye chala chal
gaaye chala chal
gaaye chala chal

chala chal
chala chal

tu duniya mein apna sabhi kuchh luta kar r
tu duniya mein apna sabhi kuchh lutaa kar
tu duniya ko apna banaaye chala chal
tu duniya ko apna banaaye chala chal
banaaye chala chal
musaafir sada geet gaaye chala chal
gaaye chala chal
gaaye chala chal

chala chal
chala chal

suna kar hamen chaar sukh dukh ki baaten
suna kar hamen chaar sukh dukh ki baaten
rulaaye chala chal hansaaye chala chal
rulaaye chala chal
hansaaye chalaa chal
hansaaye chala chal
musaafir sada geet gaaye chala chal
gaaye chala chal
gaaye chala chal

chala chal
chala chal


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4051 Post No. : 15180

Today’s song is from film Raj Mukut-50.

From the title itself one would know what type of film this could be. In our childhood we were fond of, first listening and then reading stories of Raja-Rani. As we grow older, this liking seems to have ended,but it is not so, in reality. Every adult has a child in him and the love for the Raja Rani stories is hiding behind the facade of other serious life matters of the adult age.

Precisely, this liking was identified by B and C grade action and costume filmmakers and films on Kings, Queens, the evil Vazier or the Army Chief, plus or minus the evil Magician were made. From the point of business, it was wise to make such films, because its Producers never suffered loss, where as failure of an A grade film invariably ruined the producer.

The simple reason was, the production cost, distribution cost, actors’ payments etc were very low and the income was very good. May be that was the reason, that even the big banners also sometimes or the other had made costume films about Kings and Queens etc.

Going by the film title list made by Hamraz ji, I found at least 43 films starting with Raaj – like Raaj Mukut, Raaj Tarang, Raaj Ratan, Raaj Nandini etc etc. There were 32 films having titles starting with Raja, like Raja Gopichand, Raja Harishchandra, Raja Vikram etc etc. Movie titles with Rani prefix were just 11 (Gender Bias ?).

Coming to the story of Raaj Mukut-50, it is no different than hundreds of its ilk. I wonder why are there story shortages in films ? Why do films have similar stories ? In the 40’s decade ,Master Bhagwan used just one story to make 11 action films. In later times, it was Nasir Hussain, who – starting with Tumsa Nahin Dekha-57 – used only one skeleton story for most of his films and what’s more surprising is that his most film were Hits.

While thinking about it, I found that, in 2004, a book called “Why we tell stories”, written by Christopher Booker was published. It is a book having 728 pages to be exact. The book says “There are only 7 (Seven) basic plots in the whole world. They are recycled again and again in Novels, movies, Plays and Operas. These are
1.Overcoming the Monster
2.Rags to riches
3.The quest
4.Voyage and return
5.Rebirth
6.Comedy and
7.Tragedy “.

After this book was published, there was a chaos and criticism started. ‘New York Times’ also jumped in. The author coolly replied to all points and stuck to his statements. If we look at Hindi films, I personally feel that what the author has said is true in our case. Only thing is that our film stories are always a clever mixture of all or some of the above points.

If we take a look at the cast of the film Raaj Mukut-50, we find some heavyweights like Veena, Jairaj, Nimmi, Sapru, Gulab, Janakidas, Baby Tabassum etc. The decade of the 50s started with the decline of old stalwarts of 30s and 40s, because of the rise of new generation of actors, actresses, directors, MDs and almost all departments of film making. Nimmi was a ‘ Black Sheep’ in this cast because she was from the newer generation rising star.May be she did this film to get well entrenched in the film industry. Moreover the banner was good and the other actors were well known too. Director Nanubhai Vakil was an expert veteran in costume and action film direction. The music was given by Gobindram, a respected name in the musical circles.

Baby Tabassum had debuted with film Nargis-46 ( released in 47). Tabassum – real name Kiran Bala Sachdev was born in 1944 in Mumbai to Ayodhyanath Sachdev, an Indian freedom fighter, and Asghari Begum, freedom fighter, journalist and an author. Her father named her Tabassum, keeping her mother’s religious sentiments in mind, while her mother kept her name Kiran Bala, keeping her father’s religious sentiments in mind. Her official name as per pre-marriage documents was Kiran Bala Sachdev.

Tabassum made her film debut as a child actor with Nargis (1947) followed by Mera Suhaag (1947), Manjhdhar (1947) and Bari Behen (1949). Later in Deedar (1951), directed by Nitin Bose, she played the childhood role of Nargis; the hit song Bachpan Ke Din Bhula Na Dena sung by Lata Mangeshkar and Shamshad Begum was picturised on her. Also, in the next year, she appeared in another important film Baiju Bawra (1952) directed by Vijay Bhatt, where she appeared in the childhood role of Meena Kumari. After a gap, she reentered films in adult roles, working as a character actress.

She hosted the first talk show of Indian television, Phool Khile Hain Gulshan Gulshan, which ran for 21 years from 1972 to 1993. Produced by Doordarshan Kendra Mumbai, it was based on interviews of film celebrities and became immensely popular. This also led to a career as stage compere. She was also the editor of Grihalaxmi, a Hindi women’s magazine for 15 years and wrote many joke books.

In 1985, she directed, produced and wrote her first film, Tum Par Hum Qurban. In 2006, she returned to television, as an actress in Pyaar Ke Do Naam: Ek Raadha, Ek Shyaam, produced by Rajshri Productions. She became a judge in a reality stand-up comedy show Ladies Special (2009) on Zee TV.

She continued to work as an interviewer for television and is currently doing a TV show on TV Asia USA and Canada titled Abhi Toh Main Jawaan Hoon based on the Golden Era of Hindi Cinema. Currently, she has launched her own channel on YouTube, titled “Tabassum Talkies” which consists of nostalgic talks, interviews of celebrities, shayaris, jokes and more.

She is married to Vijay Govil, elder brother of TV actor Arun Govil. Their son Hoshang Govil had brief career as a lead in three films Tum Par Hum Qurbaan (1985), which was produced and directed by Tabassum in which she introduced Johnny Lever for the first time on screen as a comedian. Kartoot (1987) and Ajeeb Dastaan Hai Yeah (1996) produced by Zee TV and directed by J Om Prakash (grandfather of Hritik Roshan). In 2009, her granddaughter Khushi (daughter of Hoshang) made her film debut with Hum Phir Mile Na Mile. ( courtesy- Wikipedia).

Tabassum is an actress of a kind who was an All rounder-not in body shape-(that she is in now!), who is the only one having succeeded in 5 different mediums of entertainment. Films,TV,Radio,Print Media and Stage. Here is a small note about her,as it appears on her Facebook page-

“Tabassum ,during her years as child star ,was dubbed by her fans ,the movie -industry and the media as “THE SHIRLY TEMPLE OF INDIA”.

FILMS

She made her debut at the age of two and half years, in 1946, in her first film –Famous Pictures “Nargis’.This film was produced by Baburao Pai ,directed by D.D.Kashyap ….“Nargis” starred the legendary Nargisji herself with Rehman ,Shahnawaz ,Alka ,Achrekar and BABY TABASSUM.

In a short span of about six years Tabassum chalked up a record of child artist roles in more than thirty films ,and she’s working in films even today with a total of more than 100 films to her credit.

TELEVISION

Tabassum was the first to start the movie- oriented T.V. series on Doordarshan (India’s Government owned Television channel) which started on October 2nd, 1972. On October 8th 1972 , she launched her famous series of film-personality interviews. The first person to be interviewed in these series , titled “PHOOL KHILE HAIN GULSHAN GULSHAN” was a veteran music director Naushad.

This programme ran continuously on Doordarshan for 21 years ..

Various cultural organizations ,audiences ,and the media in general even the then INFORMATION AND BROADCASTING MINISTER Mr. V.P.Sathe have dubbed Tabassum as THE T.V. QUEEN OF INDIA .

RADIO

Tabassum started on radio in 1946 with children programmes and did many other programmes regularly on All India Radio.
For 15 years from 1970 to 1985 Tabassum ran a regular radio programme of jokes on the commercial services of Radio Ceylon.The same programme was later switched also to Vividh Bharti where continued for many years. She is still doing programmes regularly on Vividh Bharti.

She was conferred the award of “JOKES QUEEN OF INDIA”.

AUTHORSHIP AND JOURNALISM

Tabassum has been writing Urdu poetry , jokes ,short stories since her childhood which were being regularly published in Urdu and Hindi magazines ,newspapers ,etc.

During her more than sixty four years long career in show business ,Tabassum has also written seven books of Jokes ,Poetry ,and Urdu shayris ,the first of which was published at the age of 17 years when she had just passed her matriculation examination. She did her B.A. in Urdu from Aligarh University.

For the past many years Tabassum has fitted also journalism into her over crowded schedule when she took over as editor of the large circulation of a Woman’s magazine GRIHA LAKSHMI which is published monthly from New Delhi since last 17 years.

STAGE

As Baby Tabassum , Filmland’s original child-star the Shirley Temple of India ,began to appear on stage shows since the tender age of three to four years.Over three decades ago she launched her own stage show unit named “TABASSUM HIT PARADE’.This stage entertainment unit has over the past three decades performed variety entertainment shows all over India and in almost every country of the world from U.S.A.and Canada to the United Kingdom and Europe ,the Middle east and Gulf countries to South-east Asia ,Singapore and the far east in Hong Kong ,China ,Taiwan and Japan.

Now she is busy in promoting a stage programme titled “Tabassum Bhajan Sandhya” in India and abroad as spiritual entertainment.

On May 8th 1995 various well known cultural organizations of India celebrated TABASSUM’S HALF CENTURY IN FILM INDUSTRY AND SHOW BUSINESS AND WAS LARGELY ATTENDED BY FILM AND OWN MEDIA PERSONALITIES INCLUDING THE PRESS. ”

Film Raaj Mukut-50 story was about a Prince who is more interested in doing social service for the poor and down trodden ( and a love affair with the Village Mukhiya’s daughter) than getting crowned legitimately. So he disappears and goes to a village, to do what he always wanted to do, but could not do so far.

He learns that his younger brother, crowned after the deliberate false rumour of the prince- was perpetrating tyranny on kingdom’s people and also arrested his own parents and jailed them. His blood boils and he enters the capital incognito, along with his girlfriend and others. There is a fighting and the younger brother is killed. The King and Queen are released. The prince becomes the King and his girlfriend becomes his Queen. Clap, Clap !

The film had 11 songs. 4 songs are already discussed. Today’s song is the 5th song. It is sung by Shamshad Begum, Amirbai, Rafi and another unknown male voice. Incidentally, Gobind Ram had a special affinity for Shamshad Begum. He gave music to 32 films and composed 302 songs. Out of these, he composed as many as 86 songs in 19 films for Shamshad Begum. I believe, he may be the music director who has most songs for Shamshad Begum- atleast percentage wise (28.4 %).


Song- Dil hai lagane ke liye (Raj Mukut)(1950) Singers- Amirbai Karnataki, Shamshad Begam, Rafi, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD- Pt Gobind Ram
Amirbai Karnataki + Shamshad Begam
Rafi + Unknown male voice

Lyrics

dil hai lagaane ke liye
ise laga lo yahin kahin
aji ise laga lo yahin kahin

nahin nahin jee nahin nahin
nahin nahin jee nahin nahin

dil hai lagane ke liye
ise laga lo yahin kahin
aji ise laga lo yahin kahin

nahin nahin jee nahin nahin
nahin nahin jee nahin nahin

chaar dinon ki hai ye jawaani
chaar dinon ka khel
aji chaar dinon ka khel
chaar dinon ki hai ye jawaani
chaar dinon ka khel
khatkhat karti chali jaa rahi
jeewan ki ye rail
suno jee
jeewan ki ye rail
mauj manaa lo phir nahin kehna
haan
mauj manaa lo phir nahin kehna
dil ki baaten dil mein rahin
is dil ko laga lo yahin kahin

nahin nahin jee nahin nahin
nahin nahin jee nahin nahin

dil hai lagaane ke liye
ise laga lo yahin kahin
aji ise laga lo yahin kahin

jaante hain haal hum
majnu dil e barbaad ka
haan aan aan aan
haan aan
jaante hain haal hum
majnu dil e barbaad ka
aur ishq mein anjaam dekho
kya hua farhaad ka

aur ye barbaadi ka rasta hai
is par chalna nahin nahin
hoy ye barbaadi ka rasta hai
is par chalna nahin nahin

is dil ko lagaa lo yahin kahin
nahin nahin jee nahin nahin
nahin nahin jee nahin nahin

dil hai lagaane ke liye
ise laga lo yahin kahin
aji ise laga lo yahin kahin

honthon par hai naam tumhaara
soorat dil mein basi huyi
aeji soorat dil mein basi huyi
honthon par hai naam tumhaara
soorat dil mein basi huyi
tum chaaho na chaaho
ham hain prem jaal mein phansi huyi
ham prem jaal mein phansi huyi
duniya mein badnaam huyi hain
haay
duniya mein badnaam huyi hain
kya kya baaten hamne sahin
is dil ko laga lo yahin kahin

nahin nahin jee nahin nahin
nahin nahin jee nahin nahin

dil hai lagaane ke liye
ise laga lo yahin kahin
aji ise laga lo yahin kahin


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4022 Post No. : 15134

Today’s song is from film Nakhre-51. It is sung by Devendra Mohan, Shamshad Begum and chorus. This is a foot tapping song, reminding of a Vinod or O P Nayyar song.The tune of this song resembles a more well known song of later period,but I am unable to identify it. This is a second successive song I am discussing, after song from “Hawai Khatola”-46 which also had a similar tune to some other song.

I have come across umpteen number of songs from Hindi films which have similar tunes-in part or the whole song. I am not talking of Parody songs, because Parody songs obviously use a popular tune to make fun of it,with different but funny lyrics. Here the intention is to make a comedy song.

I am talking of those ‘inspired ‘ songs, which are composed intentionally and can be called a copy song. I remember I had written an article ” Ek dil do jaane- Ek tune do gaane “, in March 2013 on a friend’s Blog called Harveypam’s blog. In that article,I had given 20 songs as examples in which tunes were copied from other Hindi songs. Our Raja ji, Ava Suri ji and our regular commentator Partha Chanda ji were regular readers and had put their comments on my article that time. Other readers had put examples of another 50-60 songs which had similar tunes.

This phenomenon of copying can be found in Hindi films since Talkie films started.Initially,the whole song used to be repeated in another film,by other composers. Later on they settled on copying only the tunes,perhaps !

After 1950 onwards, copying a tune became a frequent practice. SD Burman’s song from film ‘ Naujawan’-51 ( Thandi hawaen,lahara ke aayen) was copied 6 more times in different songs in different films. ( the original song itself was ‘inspired’ by ” C’est La Vie” by Charles Boyer from film “Algiers”-1938 ). A well known case is of Madan Mohan copying the tune of Sajjad Husain’s Sangdil-51 song” Ye hawa ye raat ye chaandni”, for his song from ” Aakhri Daon”-58-” tuze kya sunaun main dilruba”. Famous Music Critic Girija Rajendran had openly proved how all songs of film ” Mera naam Joker”-70 were copies from earlier film songs. For example, the Title song “Kehta hai Joker, saara zamana” was copied from ” apni nazar se unki nazar tak” a song from film Hum Log-51.( See, I can write on Poetry side also !!!)

This is a vast subject and a whole book can be written on it. So far only Hindi songs inspired by other Hindi songs has been discussed. If you see songs from Bangla and other languages, then you may have to write 3 books ! Does it mean that there is no originality in Hindi film songs ? No, there ARE original tunes and songs in Hindi films. To conclude this topic,I quote a few lines from the interview of Music Director Nashad, published in Film Fare of 5th August 1955, where he has spoken about inspired songs……

” Although no one says it to my face, I know that there is a section in the film industry who decry my music as “a re-hash of familiar tunes.”
This amounts to a charge of plagiarism.

I have no defense, no apology, to offer, except to say that, if am a plagiarist, I am one unconsciously.
With only seven main notes, six ragas, thirty-six raginis and seventy-two sub-raginis, every “new” musical composition is bound to sound familiar in places.
Try to hum any popular film composition of today and then cast back your mind. Make a careful search for a parallel and you will easily find one in some celebrated songs of yesterday….”

This sounds like an excuse to me. What is to Nashad is same to other MDs too, then how come others are not blamed for plagiarism? Let us leave it at that only.

Film Nakhre-51 was directed by Surya Kumar. Yes, he is the same famous Dance Master/ Choreographer of many hit films of 50s and 60s. Suryakumar and Krishna kumar were brothers. Both were Choreographers. The story of Dance Director brothers Krishna kumar and Surya kumar is very interesting.

Anthony (Tony) Lazarus was born in 1918 and his younger brother Robert Lazarus was born on 14-12-1924. They lost the parents and were raised in an orphanage, from where , the famous film dancer Azurie picked them and trained till they became good dancers. Tony became Krishnakumar and Robert took the name Suryakumar. Krishna Kumar started acting and doing choreography in films of late 40s and early 50s. In every film of Mehboob and Kardar, he was present. Soon he became famous. However, he also developed some enemies. Krishnakumar was murdered by his enemies on 7-7-1951. The culprits were never captured.

It is believed that it was Krishna Kumar, who taught Master Bhagwan his famous Dance steps (later copied by Amitabh Bachhan also), making his film ‘Albela’ a block buster. In one of the famous songs in Albela, you can see Krishnakumar’s photo kept on a table, as a tribute to him.

Robert aka Suryakumar started his film career as asstt. in a sound department in Saigal’s last film,’Parwana’-1947. During this period,yesteryear actress/Dancer Azurie trained him and krishnakumar in Dancing. In those days the term ‘Choreographer was not used. They were simply called ‘Dance masters’ or ‘Dance Directors’.

Actress Azurie had a German father and an Indian mother. She is considered as the pioneer in Film dancing in India. She was so famous in films,that Cuckoo modelled herself on her dancing skills and succeeded. Azurie(1907-1998) trained Suryakumar in dancing.

Suryakumar then assisted madame Simka(a disciple of Uday Shankar),in film “Awaara”-1951,when he first directed Helen who was in the chorus of Dancing girls that time. Suryakumar later directed Helen in 31 films.Their last film together was Bombay 405 Miles-1980. Suryakumar was also very friendly with dancer Edwina. He visited her London home many times, after she settled after marriage in London.

Surya Kumar himself also trained Suryanarayana, Oscar and many others. After 1970, Heroines themselves became dancing girls and the roles of Dance masters reduced considerably. Posh Choreographers came on the scene.

Surya Kumar had a penchant for acting. He would himself appear in most of his dances in films. During our college days, it was our pastime to search for him in Helen dances. Surya kumar acted in 7 films, in small roles – Singar-49, Naya Raasta-53, Shesh Naag-57, Bus Conductor-59, Aankh Michauli-62, Har Har Mahadev-74 and Shravankumar-88. Surya Kumar also directed 4 films – Kamal-49, Nakhre-51, Laadla-54 and Saazish-59.

He then worked as a Production assistant and as an editor too,before retiring. His last days were spent in poverty and he died on 19-8-1987 in Bombay.

Normally, choreographers, cinematographers, editors,arrangers,dress designers,art directors etc (artists behind the curtains) are the most neglected people and no one writes about them,so not is much known also about them. It was very difficult to gather information on Surya kumar.

Let us now listen to today’s song. If any reader can identify similar tune song from other films,kindly inform us in the comments column.

(Information for this post was collated, culled and edited from books- ‘Edwina’ by Surjit Singh ji, Flash back by Isak Mujawar, several Facebook group pages and especially ‘Dances on the footpath’ by Richard S, Minai’s cinema nritya gharana and my notes)


Song- Chal meri chhallo chhamaak chham chham(Nakhre)(1951) Singers- Shamshad Begam, Devendra Mohan, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-Hansraj Bahl
Chorus

Lyrics

titi taam titi taam titi taam tam tam
chal meri chhalo chhamaak chham chham
titi taam titi taam tam tam tam
chal meri chhalo chhamak chham
titi taam titi taam titi taam tam tam
chal meri chhalo chhamaak chham chham
manzil apni door hai
kahin nikal na jaaye dum

ek taraf hai saari duniya
ek taraf meri chhalo chhalo chhalo
ek taraf hai saari duniya
ek taraf meri chhalo
moch na aa jaaye kamar mein
dheere dheere challo
chhallo
dheere dheere chhallo

kero maama haaye raama kero mama haaye raama
hatto sainya chhado bainya
tum ko hai meri kasam
titi taam titi taam titi taam tam tam
chal meri chhalo chhamak chham chham
titi taam titi taam tam tam tam
chal meri chhalo chhamak chham

tu hai meri kaakdi aur main tero tarbooz
main tero tarbooz
tu hai mhaari jaatni aur main thaaro rangroot
pahan ke aaya dheela suit
paavon mein lambe lambe boot

abe tu aadmi hai ya bhoot
duniya tumko
duniya tumko
teer kahe talwaar kahe bandook kahe
main kehta hoon atom bomb
bomb bomb bomb

titi taam titi taam titi taam tam tam
chal meri chhalo chhamak chham chham
titi tam titi tam tam tam tam
chal meri chhalo chhamak chham

aankhen teri gol button si
humko laage pyaari
haaye hum ko laage pyaari
naak tumhaari tote jaisi
mudi hui matwaari
aye haaye mudi hui matwaari
duniya tumko
duniya tumko
veer kahe
balwaan kahe pahalwaan kahe
main kahti hoon choohe ki doomm
dum dum dum
titi tam titi tam titi tam tam tam
chal meri chhalo chhamak chham chham
titi tam titi tam tam tam tam
chal meri chhalo chhamak chham
titi tam titi tam titi tam tam tam
chal meri chhalo chhamak chham chham
manzil apni door hai
kahin nikal na jaaye dum
dum dum dum dum


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3976 Post No. : 15062

“Madmast” (1953) was directed by Jagdish Pant for Sweet Pictures. The movie had Ansari, Nirupa Roy, Shashikala, Shakeela, Sapru, Mukri etc in it.

This was a B grade movie which has been forgotten with time.

The movie had eleven songs in it. Two songs from this movie have been discussed in the past.

Here is the third song from the movie to appear in the blog.

This song is sung by Shamshad Begam and S D Batish. J C Pant is the lyricist. Music is composed by V Balsara.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song0-Main laal paan ki begam (Madmast)(1953) Singers-Shamshad Begam, S D Batish, Lyrics-J C Pant, MD-V Balsara

Lyrics

main laal paan ki begum hoon
main laal paan ki begum
begum begum begum hoon
main laal paan ki begum
main baadshaah hoon kaale kaa
main baadshaah hoon kaale ka
main baadshah hoon
hoon oon oon oon
kaale ka ji kaale ka
main baadshah hoon kaale ka

din raat karoon main tujhe pyaar
kuchh nagdi aur thhoda udhaar
phir kyun na tujhe ho itbaar
ik chat pat
ik chat pat
ik chat pat garam masaale ka
ik chat pat garam masaale ka
ik chat pat garam masaale ka
aa aa aa aa
kaale ka ji kaale ka
main baadshaah hoon kaale ka

begum to ab bhi hai begum
shaahon ki shaahi hui khatam
le jaao ye tooti tam tam m
kya kaam
kya kaam
kya kaam hai gadbad jhaale ka
kya kaam hai gadbad jhaale ka
kya kaam hai gadbad jhaale ka \
aa aa aa aa
kaale ka ji kaale ka
main baadshaah hoon kaale ka

main kahta hoon le lo kishmis
chup be kya bakta hai english
daudo logon daudo logon daudo logon daudo
daudo logon daudo logon daudo logon daudo
rararararara

?????
dil loot liya dilwaale ka
dil loot liya dilwaale ka
dilwaale ka
dilwaale ka
dilwaale ka
dilwaale ka
kaale ka ji kaale ka
main baadshaah hoon kaale ka
kaale ka ji kaale ka
main baadshaah hoon kaale ka

laal paan ki laal paan ki laal paan ki begum
laal paan ki laal paan ki laal paan ki begum
begum begum begum hoon main
begum begum begum begum
laa paan ki
laal paan ki be…gam


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3960 Post No. : 15038

“Jallaad”(1956) was produced and directed by J B Lulla for Filmdom, Bombay. This B grade movie had Munawwar Sultana, Veena, Nasir, Tiwari, S Nazeer, Heera Sawant, Dabboo, Nagpal, Dhanraj, Sheila Vaz, Gope etc in it.

This fantasy movie had seven songs in it that were penned by four lyricists.

One song from the movie has been covered in the past.

Here is the second song from “Jallaad”(1956) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Shamshad Begam. Khumar Barabankwi is the lyricist. Music is composed by Naashaad.

Only the audio of this song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this melancholic song.


Song-Duniya banaane waale utar aasmaan se(Jallaad)(1956) Singer-Shamshad Begam, Lyrics-Khumar Barabankwi, MD-Naashaad

Lyrics

?? ek tamaashaaayi ee ee ee
?? ke nigehbaan
duniya mein khilaunon ki tarah aa
bikte hain insaan

duniya banaane waale ae
duniya banaane waale
utar aasmaan se
apna jahaan badal le
hamaare jahaan se ae
duniya banaane waale

do chaar din ke waaste ae ae ae
do chaar din ke waaste
duniya mein aa ke dekh
zulmo sitam hamaari tarah
khud uthhaa ke dekh
jo kuchh guzar rahi hai
kahe(?) ik zabaan pe
duniya banaane waale

mar mar ke zinda rahna aa aa
mar mar ke zinda rahna
koi dillagi nahin
shaayad teri nigaah mein ham
aadmi nahin
shiqwa nikal na jaaye
kahin ab zabaan se ae
duniya banaane waale
utar aasmaan se
apna jahaan badal le
hamaare jahaan se ae
duniya banaane waale


This article is written by Mahesh Mamadapur, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3922 Post No. : 14987

Shamshad Begum, a name too familiar to music lovers of the golden era was born on this day 100 years ago (on 14 april 1919). Her voice, much distinct from all others had that metallic as well as melodious touch which brought her fame from all over the country.

April 14 did ring a bell, but I was not very much aware that it was her birth centenary this year. A comment from one of the regulars Partha Chanda ji on the anniversary pages was enough for me to get this post going.

As I have said earlier, the expectations of music lovers from this blog continues to grow. Music lovers are aware that probably nothing new may be written about such great artists, but they know that this is one of the few places on the internet, where legends are often celebrated and discussed. Apart from hearing these golden compositions and voices, reading about other people’s views and appreciations especially of our favourites has become an enthusiastic habit.

Since, I got to get this post really fast, I would only like to restrict my views on a composer collaboration of Shamshad Begum, which I have no hesitation in considering as the best. Shamshad Begum sang many songs for almost all the composers of her era. Her singing to a few of such composers made her songs ever more popular. So popular that to this day some of these songs are re-mixed and enjoyed by a different class of people. However, it’s my personal opinion that the very songs which made her more popular with these composers were responsible for her fading away from the playback scene. It’s because she sort of got trapped with these special group songs and the more serious songs meant for the lead actresses went to Lata. I would love to write more elaborately on this subject and my views on it some other time.

Avid music lovers can easily understand which composers I am referring to in the above para, but in this post I would like to talk about her playback for composer Naushad Ali.

I mean no discredit to other great composers like Anil Biswas, Ghulam Haider and Ghulam Mohammed etc. for whom Shamshad Begum sang some really good songs.

Naushad saab, created gold with every singer who sang for him and Shamshad Begum was no exception. Shahjehan, Dard, Anokhi Ada, Mela, Andaz, Chandni Raat, Dulari, Babul, Deedar, Jadoo, etc. stand tall in some of the best creations of Naushad’s career. And, Shamshad Begum was associated in a big way in the songs of all these films.

AK ji’s blog has very elaborate post on her songs with Naushad. Yours truly, in fact has the first comment on the post.
Talking about a few of these films, Shahjehan, the first film of the combo had very interesting numbers by Shamshad Begum. Dard was always a Suraiya, Munawar Sultana film, but Shamshad Begum carves a special place for herself with two great songs. Ye afsana nahi zaalim mere dil ki haqeeqat hai is my all time personal favourite.

Mela and Anokhi Ada will always remain special to me for the Mukesh connection. Just listen to Shamshad Begum singing …..ooooooo……. in Mohan ki muraliya baaje from Mela. I think the rendering cannot be appreciated with mere words. The effortless and elegant way with which the solo is sung makes me dumbstruck to this day.

I have fond memories of songs from Chandni Raat. During the good old cassette era, my parents and obviously I had not heard songs from this film quite too often. On a visit to Bombay, I had carried back this cassette. On playing at home, the songs from the film and especially the wonderful duets with Rafi saab became instant craze and are heard to this day.

Babul, Deedar etc, will also be remembered for the contrasting voices of Lata-Shamshad in duet songs and elegant composition by Naushad saab.
It would not be out of place or wrong to say that she was sort of side-casted in favour of Lata, but even in the latter films of Naushad whenever she rendered the odd songs or supported in duets, the class and elegance remained.

Writing about her last days in her singing career will yield nothing. The metallic and melodious voice with crystal clear diction will remain ringing in our ears for decades to come.

On her birth centenary, I pay my humble tributes to Shamshad Begum and would like to represent a song from Aadmi (1957)


Song-Chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke yaad aayi (Aadmi)(1957) Singer-Shamshad Begam, Lyrics-Sartaj Rahmani, MD-Ramnath
Chorus

Lyrics

Chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi

haay dil dhadka
aankh lajaai
aayi re
aayi re
aaaayi
yaad aayi
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi

aankhon mein pyaar liye
aaye sanwariya
aaye sanwariya ji
aaye sanwariya

loot ke chale gaye
man ki nagariya
man ki nagariya
ho man ki nagariya

kaisa ye dhokha khaaya
lut gayi raam duhaai
lut gayi raam duhaai
lut gayi raam duhaai

ho o o o
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi

marzi tumhaari piya
aao na aao
aao na aao ji
aao na aao

dil ko sambhaaloon kaise
ye to bataao
ye to bataao ji
ye to bataao

kaise wo aag bujhaaoon
tumne jo aag lagaayi
tumne jo aag lagaayi
tumne jo aag lagaayi

ho o o o
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi

kaise kahoon sakhiyon se
dil pe tera raaz hai
dil pe tera raaz hai ji
dil pe tera raaz hai

jhuki jhuki ankhiyon mein
duniya ki laaj hai
duniya ki laaj hai ho
duniya ki laaj hai

bedardi tu na aaya
ho gayi preet paraayi
ho gayi preet paraayi
ho gayi preet paraayi

ho o o o
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi

haay dil dhadka
aankh lajaai
aayi re
aayi re
aaayi
yaad aayi
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3913 Post No. : 14973

Today’s song is from the film Dekho ji-47.

The film was made by Punjab Film Corporation and was produced and directed by its owner Wali Sahab. He also wrote the lyrics. The music was by Tufail Faruqi and his assistant Sabir Hussain ( 5 and 6 songs credited respectively).

This was one of the films of 1947, from which almost everyone- the cast, producer, director, lyricist, composers etc etc all migrated to Pakistan after Partition- some immediately and few after some time. This was of course not unusual. As the year 1947 began, news was circulating about the partition. Like many other industries, Film industry was also worried. There was an air of uncertainty. Who will stay and who will migrate was hotly debated in the privacy of homes, studios and clubs. People looked at each others with suspicion. Muslims were worried about their safety in India, in spite of the assurances by Gandhi and Nehru.

Crores of rupees were invested in films. After the second world war started in 1939, lot of Black money was generated and much of it came to Film industry. Investors, Financiers and producers were worried about half made films. Everybody seemed to be in a hurry to finish his assignment on hand. Due to this the quantity of films increased,sadly at the cost of quality. 1947 saw a record number of films made in 1947- 181 Hindi films, the highest ever since films were made. It took another 40 years to break this record in 1988, when 185 films were made.

Almost 75 to 80 % films of 1947 were obscure and forgotten within a short time. Films like Aisa Kyun, Atom Bomb, Barrister, Beete Din, Chalte chalte, Chandrahaas, Dehati, Daulat Ke Liye, Extra Girl, Farz, Gaurav, Gudiya, Heera, Janata, Jhalak, Khandaani, Lalat, Manmani, mere Bhagwan, Mohan, Nai Baat, Pehla Pyar, Paro, Riwaz, Shabari, Shahkaar, Tohfa, Toote Dil, Veerangana are some of the films made in 1947. How many of us even know about them ? Actually, some of these were films in which well known and major stars of the times had acted. For example, Mohan had Dev Anand as Hero, Lalat was the debut film of Usha Kiran (as Usha Marathe), Prem Adib and Vanmala had acted in Chandrahaas etc etc.

Not that ALL films were bad. Certainly some famous and excellent films providing some Milestones of Hindi cinema were also made in 1947, like Aapki Sewa Mein (First playback song of Lata M), Bela (all 10 songs by Zohrabai Ambalawali), Dard (Debut song of Umadevi), Elaan (a bold Muslim social film by Mehboob Khan), Jugnu (the only film of Dilip kumar and Noorjehan), Meera (all 18 songs by MS Subbulaxmi), Mirza Sahibaan (last film of Noorjehan in India), Neel Kamal ( debut of Raj kapoor and Madhubala as lead pair), Parwana (Last film of KL Saigal), Shadi Se Pehle ( first duet of Rafi and Lata) and Shehnai (epoch making music by C Ramchandra).

Nevertheless partition did have an impact on the Film industry, due to the migration of artistes from both countries. LAHORE an important city in the undivided Punjab in the pre-independence days was one of the major Film making Centres in India. Talented actors and musicians from all Punjab and Sindh area tried their luck in the Cine Industry at Lahore. Nevertheless, the biggest centre of film production was Bombay and it was every aspiring artiste’s dream to go to Bombay and shine there. The film activity at Lahore increased considerably in the early 40s in terms of film production and Music. Those days Lahore was called ” a supply source” for Bombay, as many actors and musicians shifted their base to Bombay from there.

In the communal frenzy, polarisation of artistes took place. Hindus shifted to Bombay and Muslims left for Lahore. But there were some reverse migrations also in this period. One example each is of Sahir Ludhiyanvi who migrated to India, and Deebo Bhattacharya from Calcutta migrated to Karachi and prospered in Pakistan as a successful music director.

Some of the families got divided, like Mehboob Khan opted to remain in India, but his brother MR Khan remained in Pakistan and worked as a well known producer. Juhi Chawla’s grandfather JC Anand and uncle Satish Anand stayed in Lahore. Consequently they became the pioneers of Pakistan Film Industry. After the divorce Rafi’s first wife also migrated to Pakistan with her children.

At the actual time of Partition some artists were in Lahore for film work. They were BR Chopra, Ramanand Sagar, IS Johar, Gulshan Rai, Omprakash, Jeevan, OP Nayyar, Rajinder Singh Bedi, Naqsh Lyallpuri, Surinder and Prakash Kaur and Pushpa Hans. They all left Lahore hurriedly and reached Bombay safely.

However this journey was not so safe for one actor – comedian Durga Prasad, known as Durga Mota. He was very fat. In the melee, he reached the Lahore station and somehow boarded the train to Bombay. Suddenly a group of mad rioters entered the Lahore station and started killing the travelers. Most people ran helter skelter, but due to his heavy body, Durga Mota could not run and was cut into pieces on the Lahore station platform itself !

Same way many artistes from Bombay left for Lahore and ALL of them reached safely.

With so many people migrating to Pakistan at a time and the condition of Pakistan Film Industry then, it is a moot question, whether all these migrants could get work there and shine ?

There were 2 types of people who migrated-

1. Those who had achieved their peaks already in India and

2. Those who had just started their careers.

Obviously the second group, at least some of them, could do well there eventually.

Some of the successful migrants there were – Noor jahan, Khursheed Anwar, GA Chisti, Nissar Bazmi, Firoz Nizami, Najam Naqvi, Nakshab Jarachavi, Sibtain Fazli, Wali Saheb, Manto, Rashid Atre, Sudhir, Santosh, Asha Posley, Shameem, Najma, Yasmeen, Ragini, Zahoor Shah, Shaikh Iqbal, Himalaywala, Nazar, Rafiq Gaznavi, Tanvir Naqvi, Iqbal Bano etc.

Some of the unfortunate ones were – Meena Shorey, Ratan Kumar, M Sadiq, Charlie, Ghori, Kumar, Sheikh Mukhtar, Najmul Hussain, Neena, Kalavati, Maya Devi, Ghulam Hyder, Nashaad, Premlata etc.

Almost all the artists who shifted to Bombay prior to Partition did very well here.

There was a second wave of Migration in the 50s, during which many artistes like Veera, Rattan Kumar, Rehana, Mumtaz Shanti, Meena Shorey, Wali Sahib, K Anwar etc migrated to Pakistan.

Partition did some damage to India, but as there was a second line waiting to take over, the impact was negligible. However, Pakistan had to build a new film industry with the help of the migrant artistes in almost all departments of film making. Once this generation ended their career,unfortunately there was not much of a second line to take over in Pakistan.

Like many top class composers who migrated to Pakistan, there were some small time or recently started composers who also left, like Inaayat Hussain (only 1 Punjabi film Kamli), Fateh Ali Khan (2 films- Aaina-44 and Director-47), Tufail Farooqi (2 films-Sona Chandi-46 and Dekho Ji-47). Inayat Hussain of course became a Legend in Pakistan.

Today we will talk about TUFAIL FAROOQI.

Tufail was born in Taran Taaran, Amritsar, Punjab, in 1918. After taking musical lessons from Ustad Abdul Waheed Khan for several years, he joined All India Radio, Lahore. He also worked with many composers. Finally, he got his first film, ‘Sona Chaandi‘-46. Out of 12 songs of the film, he composed 10 songs and 2 were composed by DC Dutt. In this film Tufail gave opportunity to a young but promising new comer, who was struggling to get established as a playback singer – Mohammed Rafi. Rafi got 4 songs in this film and he was overjoyed at this break.

Later Tufail gave music to his second film- ‘Dekho Ji’-47. Here too he composed 6 songs and the other 6 were composed by composer Sabir Hussain. Actually, Sabir Hussain was his assistant and just to encourage him, Tufail credited these songs to him.

After partition, Tufail migrated to Pakistan, along with family and Sabir Hussain in tow, but had to struggle hard there too. His first film was ‘Barkha’ in 1953. Tufail gave music to 37 films, mostly Punjabi films and less Urdu. His film, ‘Bahadur Kissan’ -1970 had a song- ”Mera sona des kissan da”, sung by singer Masood Rana. This tune was a blatant direct copy of the song ”Ye desh hai veer jawanon ka” from ‘Naya Daur’-57. The Pakistani song became a tremendous hit, not only with the Punjab farmers but also was played on Radio and TV often.

Tufail Farooqi’s sister was Master Ghulam Haider’s first wife (Umrao Zia Begum was his second wife), from whom he got a son-Saleem Haider. Later Saleem joined Pakistan Army and rose upto the rank of Lt. General. He retired in 2000.

Tufail worked till early 80s. He had married the famous Pak singer Pappu Pukhraj in 1953. He passed away in Lahore on 25-3-1988.

Film ‘Dekho Ji’s cast was Mumtaz Shanti, Anjum, A Shah, Khatoon, Haroon, Afzal, Dilshad, Mintobai, Gulnar etc. Anjum was the hero in this film. From his photos in Film India issues of 1946, he looked to be a very handsome young man. He was also seen in 2 more films-‘Bichhade Balam’ and ‘Rehnuma’, both of 1948. After this, I guess, he migrated to Pakistan like many other artistes, because now his name appears in many films made in Pakistan, during the period 50s to the 80s. Some of his films made there are, ‘Waada’-57, ‘Nai Ladki’-58, ‘Beqasoor’-69, ‘Shami’-89 etc.

Another actor in the cast, who was quite a popular comedian those days was A Shah aka Aziz Shah. He was born in 1910, at Sialkot. He did not have much schooling, except primary education at Lyallpore and at Islamia High School, Lahore. Due to his rich and sweet voice, he used to recite Holy Quran, on farmaish. He wrote poetry also.

He joined Saroj Movietone in 1930, under Mohan Bhavnani as an artiste at Rs.40 p.m. He acted in ‘Shakuntala’-31 and ‘Gul Bakavli’-32. He had to take a 2 year break, due to an illness. Back in Bombay, he worked in film ‘Fidai Tohid’-34 as a hero. He gave music to film ‘Gunehgar’-36. He wrote dialogues for ‘Mother India’-38 and ‘Daughters of India’-39. His first comic role was in Ranjit’s ‘Mirza Sahiban’-35. He became famous with his role in Punjabi film ‘Kurmai’-41.

His best role came in ‘Sharada’-42, as Munshi Udharchand Shikarpuri. This was repeated by him in film ‘Keemat’-46. Some of his 11 films were, ‘Dhandora’-41, ‘Armaan’-42, ‘Sukh Dukh’-42, ‘Kanoon’-43, ‘Sanjog’-43, ‘Geet’-44 and ‘Ek Din Ka Sultan’-45. After 1947, he stopped acting and wrote lyrics in films like ‘Raat Ki Rani’-49, ‘Namoona’-49 and ‘Ek Teri Nishani’-49. After this he possibly migrated to Pakistan and we have no further information about him anymore. Baburao Patel of Film India magazine was his fan.

I have no idea whatsoever about the story line of this film. From the various photographs and comments in Film India 1946 issues, the film seemed to be interesting and entertaining with dance, drama and songs. It seems the film was completed in record time, but it was not released in 1947 for sure. Actually, most of the 1947 censored movies got released in 1948, due to the disturbed political atmosphere in the country in 1947.

Here is a very melodious song from this film, sung by Shamshad Begum.


Song-Baalam Pardesia Saajan Pardesia (Dekho Jee)(1947) Singer- Shamshad Begum, Lyrics- Wali sahab, MD-Tufail Farooqui

Lyrics

baalam pardesia
saajan pardesia
kaali ghataayen ghir ghir aayin
ghir aayin
duhaayi re
duhaayi re
baalam pardesia
saajan pardesia

jhool rahi jhoola
saajan sang sajni ee
jhool rahi jhoola
saajan sang sajni
aur main akeli
jaloon bin agni
aur main akeli
jaloon bin agni
haaye raam
kaun sautan man bhaayi re
duhaayi re
duhaayi re
baalam pardesia
saajan pardesia

chhod gaye jab se
baalam harjaai re
chhod gaye jab se
baalam harjaai re
nainon mein tab se hi
nindiya na aayi re
nainon mein tab se hi
nindiya na aayi re
ansuwan se ho gayi
sagaai re
duhaayi re
duhaayi re
baalam pardesia
saajan pardesia

poochh rahi tum se
kadamb ki chhaiyyaan
poochh rahi tum se
kadamb ki chhaiyyaan
akeli ko chhod ke
kahaan gaye sainyya
akeli ko chhod ke
kahaan gaye sainyya
teri khabariya na aayi re
duhaayi re
duhaayi re
baalam pardesia
saajan pardesia aa aa

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-

बालम परदेसिया
साजन परदेसिया
काली घटाएँ घिर घिर आईं
घिर आईं
दुहाई रे
दुहाई रे
बालम परदेसिया
साजन परदेसिया

झूल रही झूला
साजन संग सजनी
झूल रही झूला
साजन संग सजनी
और मैं अकेली
जलूँ बिन अग्नि
और मैं अकेली
जलूँ बिन अग्नि
हाए राम
कौन सौतन मन भाई रे
दुहाई रे
दुहाई रे
बालम परदेसिया
साजन परदेसिया

छोड़ गए जब से
बालम हरजाई रे
छोड़ गए जब से
बालम हरजाई रे
नैनों में तब से ही
नींदिया ना आई रे
नैनों में तब से ही
नींदिया ना आई रे
अंसुवन से हो गई सगाई रे
दुहाई रे
दुहाई रे
बालम परदेसिया
साजन परदेसिया

पूछ रहीं तुमसे
कदम्ब की छईंयां
पूछ रहीं तुमसे
कदम्ब की छईंयां
अकेली को छोड़ के
कहाँ गए सैंयां
अकेली को छोड़ के
कहाँ गए सैंयां
तेरी खबरिया ना आई रे
दुहाई रे
दुहाई रे
बालम परदेसिया
साजन परदेसिया


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3872 Post No. : 14890

Today’s song is from the film Toote Khilaune-54. It is produced by N.Mehta, directed by Nanabhai Bhatt and the music Director is my favourite – Chitragupt. The cast of the film was Shekhar, Purnima, Gulab, Ranjeet Kumari, Master Romi, Babu Raje, a dog called Ginger and Guest artiste Asha Mathur.

This was a typical family film, involving a too much interfering Mother in law, a foster son and a loving step mother. The decade of the 50s was a period when the film makers were trying their best to give something to everyone. Films of almost all Genres were made in this decade. This decade was a Bridge Period between the old style music and the film making and the New Age films and the Music.

Sadly, the melody in Music had died a slow death, along with the phased exit of composers of the 40s and the 50s. Though emergence of New Age music makers kept the country on par with the changing world tastes, the Music, in particular, suffered the demise of melody and sweetness in film music. Earlier too,songs were inspired by foreign tunes, but the new age music based on foreign tunes was more noisy and instrument dominant, rather than the melody of tunes and singing styles. The 1959 film ‘ Dil deke dekho’ heralded loudly the coming of new age music from then on.

One can not blame the music makers alone, because not only the tastes of audience were changing, but also a whole new generation of producers, directors, actors, singers and composers was replacing the older one step by step. No change takes place overnight. One always gets the warning signals well in advance. Change is inevitable. Either accept change or perish !

Music composers from the 40s and 50s did survive in the 60’s decade, but they were relegated to B and C grade films. Very few composers remained A grade even in 60 or the early 70s. Ultimately, they had to give way to new music. This change was seen as the ” end of the Golden Period” of film music.

Cases like that of Chitragupta and others of his ilk were different. They operated long time but never became A grade. However, it was to their credit that even then, they composed melodious songs which delighted lovers of good music. That is why I like Chitragupt songs. Pick them up from any film and you will not be disappointed as far as melody and good tunes are concerned.

Songs of Toote Khilaune-54 are no exception. Songs were very sweet. There were 8 songs (this was another change that took place in the 50s onwards. Now films had songs less than 10 on average- unlike 10 to 15 songs in 40s and 15 to 20 songs in the 30s). 3 songs are already discussed here. Today’s song is 4th song. This is a duet sung by Chitragupt and Shamshad Begum.

From the cast, I have written about Shekhar and Purnima in my earlier posts. The 3 odd names appearing in the cast are Gulab, Ranjeet kumari and Asha Mathur. Ranjeet kumari’s name was Ranjit kaur. She was a sikh from Punjab. She acted in only 8 films, from Matwali Meera-40 to her last film Toote Khilaune-54. She got married to actor Ramsingh and moved with him to his village in U.P. to become and remain a housewife till her last day.

One of the few educated actresses of her times, Asha Mathur (Sohan Singh in real life) studied up to B.A. Both Asha Mathur and Bina Roy were introduced by Kishore Sahu in Kali Ghata (1951). While Bina Roy was relatively more successful among the two and did some memorable movies including Anarkali (1953) and Taj Mahal (1963), Asha Mathur was relegated to obscure mythical and costume films including Alif Laila (1953), Rajyogi Bharthari (1954), Malka-E-Alam Noorjehan (1954), Amar Kirtan (1954) etc because of her lackluster performances. Her most memorable role was in Poonam (1952), as a suffering wife of Ashok Kumar. She married famous director of her times Mohan Sehgal and left films. She acted only in 18 films. Her last film was Taqdeer-58.

Asha Mathur is a forgotten name today except for the few popular songs picturized on her – Humsai na poocho koi pyra kiya hai (Kali Ghata, 1951) and Baanki adayein dekh na ji dekh na(Amanat, 1955).

One of the beauties of old films was Gulab. The First actress form Kashmir to work as a Heroine in Hindi films was GULAB. Her real name was Saraswati Devi. She was born on 10-6-1908 at Jammu. She joined Krishna Film Company in 1924. Her first silent film’Krishna kumar’ came in 1925. She worked in 60 silent films. Her last silent film was ‘Dagabaz Dushman’-32, made by east India Film co.Bombay.

Her first Talkie film was Suryakumari-33, made by Vishnu Cinetone. It was directed by Dhirubhai Desai. She sang one song ‘more preetam jab ghar aaye’ composed bu Kikubhai Yagnik. Then came Baburao Patel’s ‘Bala Joban’-34, Sewa Sadan-34 and Nai Duniya-34 ( Debut film of Rajkumari and Jayant). In this film Gulab sang 2 songs.

Gulab was very beautiful and quite popular in film industry. Some of her films were Bambai ki sethani-35, Challenge-37, Bharosa-40, Pyas-41, Ek Raat-42, Station master-42, Gaali-44, Rattan-44, Mann ki jeet-44, Mirza Sahibaan-47, Lahore-49, Badi Behan-49, stage-51, Post Box 999-58, Chhabili-60 etc etc. She acted in 160 films. Her last film seems to be Haqeeqat-64. She also sang 22 songs in 11 films.

The story of film Toote Khilaune-54 , as found on Cineplot, is…..Pragati Pictures’ “Toote Khilone,” premiered at the Roxy Theatre on March 19th, 1954 is pro­duced by N. Mehta and directed by Nanabhai Bhatt and it is a very good film based on a story-idea whose truth and simplicity invest it with an irresistible appeal.
The deeply moving and very human story, sensitively enacted by Shekhar, Purnima, Asha Mathur and little Romi, tells of a little child and his bewildered sorrow in the midst of do­mestic troubles.

Written by Akhtar Mirza, the story centers on a young married couple and their little son who dotes on his mother’s cousin, Sheela. When the mother dies of cancer, Sheela stays on to look after the little boy and eventually marries his father.

Trouble arrives in the shape of Sheela’s mother who moves into the happy household and builds up in her daughter a resentment against the child. The poisonous insinuations of the older woman turn Sheela into a confused and bitter foster-mother, but kindness and love triumph when the heart-broken child runs away. The film reaches a cleverly presented climax in which Sheela and her husband find the child safe and all three happily return home.

Playing his role with restraint and sym­pathy is Shekhar who puts over a fine perform­ance as the boy’s father. His portrayal of a man who marries a second time so that his child may have a mother is quite flawless.

As the young wife, Purnima is superb. Hers is a natural and convincing performance, done with a fine understanding of the role.

A superb performance comes from Romi, as the little boy caught up in a web of circumst­ances he cannot understand. He is utterly lov­able and, together with the wonderful canine star, Ginger, he walks away with the picture’s honors.

Gulab turns in another one of her brilliant cameos as the interfering mother-in-law, and Asha Mathur gives an appealing and warm in­terpretation of the tragic role of Shekhar’s wife.

The fine supporting cast is headed by Ranjit Kumari and Babu Raje who provide the comedy relief as the kind, devoted servants.

Gay and appealing dances punctuate the story, and the songs, with the music composed by Chitragupta, are melodious.

“Toote Khilone” is a charming film, well directed and acted, with polished production values and excellent sets, decor and photogra­phy.

Let us now enjoy the melodious duet of Chitragupt and Shamshad Begum from film Toote Khilaune-54.

( Thanks to Cineplot, directory of Films-1948 and my notes)


Song- Tere pyar mein huye badnaam hum, lote ki kasam, thali ki kasam (Toote Khilaune)(1954) Singers- Chitragupta, Shamshad Begum, Lyricist- Raja Mehdi Ali Khan, MD- Chitragupta
Both

Lyrics

Tere pyaar mein huye badnam hum
lote ki kasam, thaali ki kasam
lote ki kasam, thaali ki kasam
bhoole ghar ke sab kaam hum
aaloo ki kasam gobhi ki kasam
aaloo ki kasam gobhi ki kasam

Tere pyaar mein huye badnaam hum
lote ki kasam, thaali ki kasam
bhoole ghar ke sab kaam hum
aaloo ki kasam gobhi ki kasam

din raat muhabbat mein teri
choolhe ki tarah hum jalte rahe
haaye jalte rahe
din raat muhabbat mein teri
choolhe ki tarah hum jalte rahe
haaye jalte rahe
hum dil ki kadhaahi mein baalam
tere pyaar ke bhajiye talte rahe
hum dil ki kadhaahi mein baalam
tere pyaar ke bhajiye talte rahe

choolhe ki tarah hum jalte rahe
jalte rahe subaho shaam hum
koyle ki kasam lakdi ki kasam
koyle ki kasam lakdi ki kasam
tere pyaar mein huye badnaam hum
lote ki kasam thhaali ki kasam

bhoole ghar ke sab kaam hum
aaloo ki kasam gobhi ki kasam

nainon ki rakaabi mein rakh ke
hum pyaar ki barfi laa na sake
haaye laa na sake
nainon ki rakaabi mein rakh ke
hum pyaar ki barfi laa na sake
haaye laa na sake

tera jalwa meethha halwa hai
jee bhar ke ise hum khaa na sake
o tera jalwa meethha halwa hai
jee bhar ke ise hum khaa na sake
jee bhar ke ise hum khaa na sake
tum piste aur baadaam hum
pede ki kasam barfi ki kasam
pede ki kasam barfi ki kasam

Tere pyaar mein huye badnam hum
lote ki kasam, thaali ki kasam
lote ki kasam, thaali ki kasam
bhoole ghar ke sab kaam hum
aaloo ki kasam gobhi ki kasam
aaloo ki kasam gobhi ki kasam


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Blog Day : 3830 Post No. : 14836

“Safar”(1946) was directed by B Mitra for Filmistan Limited, Bombay. This “social” movie had Shobha, Kanu Roy, V H Desai, S L Puri, Rajendra, Chandrika, Harun, Mumtaz Banu, Satyanarayan etc in it.

The movie had ten songs in it. Seven of these songs have been covered in the past.

Today is the 101st birth anniversary of C Ramchandra (12 january 1918- 5 January 1982)
Here is the eighth song from “Safar”(1946) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Shamshad Begam and C Ramchandra. Gopal Singh Nepali is the lyricist. Music is composed by C Ramchandra.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of the song.

I have not been able to get a few words righ in the lyrics of the song. I request our readers with keener ears tohelp fill in the blanks/ suggest corrections as applicable.


Song-Kabhi chupke se ratiyaa mein aaiho raaja jee (Safar)(1946) Singers- Shamshad Begam, C Ramchandra, Lyrics-G S Nepali, MD- C Ramchandra

kabhi chupke se aaiho
kabhi chupke se aaiho
kabhi chupke se ratiyaa mein aaiho raaja jee
kabhi chupke se ratiyaa mein aaiho raaja jee
aaiho raaja jee
phir na jaiho raaja jee
aaiho raaja jee
phir na jaiho raaja jee
kabhi chupke se ratiyaa mein aaiho raaja jee

baadal aayen ghir ghir jaayen
wo din mein bijli kadkaayen
baadal aayen ghir ghir jaayen
wo din mein bijli kadkaayen
raaja mere mauj udaayen
ham to ro ro bain ganwaayen
din bhar na chain paayen
aise kab tak karejwa dukhaiho raaja jee
aise kab tak karejwa dukhaiho raaja jee

oonchi ataari meri
sooni phulwaari meri
duniya hai nyaari meri
aaja ?? teri
raaja kariyo na deri
oonchi ataari meri
sooni phulwaari meri
duniya hai nyaari meri
aaja ?? teri
raaja kariyo na deri
aaiho aaiho
?? raaja jee
aaiho aaiho
?? raaja jee

chaandni raat mein
sirhaane chaand ho

chaandni raat mein
sirhaane chaand ho
phoolon ki sej pe
tu mere saathh ho
galey mein haathh ho
aankhon aankhon mein baat ho

zara dheere se batti bujhaiho raaja jee
zara dheere se batti bujhaiho raaja jee


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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has over 15200 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

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Movies with all their songs covered =1178
Total Number of movies covered =4181

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