Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

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This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4343 Post No. : 15648 Movie Count :

4310

‘Sparsh’ (1980) was Sai Paranjpye’s first feature film. Besides directing it, she wrote the story, screen-play and dialogues.  At the time of making of the film, she faced enormous problems at every stage – from the selection of actors to the submission of the film’s final print to the Central Board of Film Certification and then to the Feature Film Jury of the National Film Awards on due date. And if I go by what the director of the film has revealed through her interviews in newspapers and periodicals and also in her Marathi book, ‘Sai – Maaza Kalapravaas’, the major obstacles came from the producer of the film – Basu Bhattacharya, who was known in Hindi film industry as a stingy producer.

Sometime in the later half the 1970s (the actual year is not known), Sai Paranjpye produced a 10-minute documentary film on the visually impaired for Delhi Doordarshan to be telecast on the World Handicap Day. For this purpose, Sai Paranjpye had to visit a blind school to get a feel of how the blind students study and do extra-curricular activities. She had gone to the blind school with the apprehension in her mind as to whether she will be able to emotionally cope up with when she would witness them in the school.  However, she was pleasantly surprised to observe that the blind students were playing on the ground with a lot of excitement as if they were normal students. She also met the principal of the school who was also blind and had done PhD from the University of Wisconsin (USA). He looked savvy and dynamic – same as how a normal person at his position would look. Then an idea occurred to her that visually impaired persons need to be treated like normal persons more than showering pity and sympathy. This idea was translated in her TV documentary.

Sai Paranjpye, however, felt that 10-minute TV documentary was too short to cover the important aspects of what she had witnessed in the blind school. So, she expanded the subject into a telefilm titled ‘Raina Beeti Jaaye’ with Kulbhushan Kharbanda and Sushma Seth which was telecast on Delhi Doordarshan (year is not known but it has to be sometime in the later 1970s.). The film was well received and there were demands for its re-run on Doordarshan. This encouraged her to make a full-length feature film with a story revolving around a couple – one handicapped with blindness and the other a normal person who is emotionally handicapped. She also covered in the script some day-to-day incidences of the blind students. Thus, the idea of ‘Sparsh’ (1980) was born.

Sai Paranjpye had written the script of ‘Sparsh’ keeping in mind Sanjeev Kumar and Tanuja in the lead roles. However, after agreeing to work in the film, at the last moment, Sanjeev Kumar got himself out of the project when he came to know that the film was to be produced by Basu Bhattacharya. Probably, Sanjeev Kumar had a bad experience in working with Basu Bhattacharya in ‘Anubhav’ (1971) and ‘Girha Pravesh’ (1979). In his place, Naseeruddin Shah was roped in. Since the director was not sure about the working chemistry between Naseeruddin Shah and Tanuja, the latter was replaced by Shabana Azmi who had earlier worked with Naseeruddin Shah. When no one was ready to produce the film, Basu Bhattacharya offered to produce the film under his banner, Aarohi Films. The music direction was entrusted to Kanu Roy, the ‘darbaari’ musician of Basu Bhattacharya as Sai Paranjpye calls him. For lyrics, she selected her favourite, Indu Jain.

The film was to be majorly shot at Blind School Relief Association (BSRA) at Delhi. For the first time, Sai Paranjpye personally realised that Basu Bhattacharya, the producer was a stingy person. He had asked all the actors in the film to come for the shooting in their own dresses. Sai Paranjpye had to arrange for the uniform of the blind students in the film with a donation of cloth from a reputed cloth mill of Mumbai. The producer had arranged the free accommodation to all the actors and the technical staff in the hostel of BSRA which were barely comfortable. There are many more interesting anecdotes while making the film which have been described in Sai Paranjpye’s Marathi book referred to above in her own witty style.

Because of the subject of the film, a couple of philanthropists had given the donations for making the film which was naturally passed on to the producer of the film. In addition, there were many others who have contributed in the making of the film. In the credit title of the film, the list of such persons is bigger  than the list of the main and supporting actors. In short, my guess is that Basu Bhattacharya did not have to shell out much for the financing of the film as a producer.

It is worth noting that when ‘Sparsh’ (1980) was being made, Basu Bhattacharya was already working on his home production, ‘Griha Pravesh’ (1979). Aspersions were cast on the Aarohi Films that a part of the finance meant of ‘Sparsh’ (1980) was diverted for financing ‘Griha Parvesh’ (1979). So, the finance from the producer was not forthcoming on time for ‘Sparsh’ (1980). By the time the  film’s shooting was completed, Sai Paranjpye realised that she was not only the director but also a de facto production controller.

The film’s shooting was completed and was sent for processing at Bombay lab. But the prints had not come back for a long time. In fact, the Lab had not taken the processing of the film since Basu Bhattacharya had not cleared his dues to the lab on his earlier films. Since Sai Paranjpye wanted to send the film for participating in the National Film Awards, there was an urgency to complete the work on time. The producer of the film was not in a hurry to complete the process. Sai Paranjpye met the owner of Bombay lab and requested to take the processing of the film. She also assured him that  she would  arrange to pay for the processing out of her own resources. Thus, the film was processed, dubbed and a print of the film was sent in time as an entry for National Film Awards, 1980. The film won 3 National Film Awards – the best film, Sai Paranjpye for the best screen-play and Naseeruddin Shah for the best actor. The irony was that Basu Bhattacharya as a producer received the best film award for ‘Sparsh’ (1980) in the hands of the President with a cash prize.

It took another 4 years for ‘Sparsh’ (1980) to get a theatrical release in 1984. The premier of the film was held at Eros theatre in Mumbai. In 1985, the film won 3 Filmfare Awards – The best film and two awards for Sai Paranjpye for best director and the best dialogue. On the one side, the film was critically acclaimed not only in India but also in International film festivals held at London, Cairo, Beijing and Sydney. On the other side, barring Naseeruddin Shah who got all his dues from Basu Bhattacharya after putting much pressure on Basu Bhattacharya, no one including Sai Paranjpye, Shabana Azmi, Kanu Roy, Indu Jain, playback singer Sulakshna Pandit etc. got their dues from the producer for the film. For music director, Kanu Roy, it was his last film who died of cancer few months after the completion of the film.

Incidentally, Sai Paranjpye, in her film ‘Katha’ (1982) named Farooq Shaikh as Basu who was doing a negative character in the film. Is it symbolic or just a co-incidence?

The star cast of ‘Sparsh’ (1980) includes Naseeruddin Shah and Shabana Azmi in lead roles supported by Om Puri, Sudha Chopra, Mohan Gokhale, Arun Joglekar etc with scores of blind students.  Ustad Amjad Ali Khan made a guest appearance in the film as a sarod player.  The film was certified by the Censor Board on January 30, 1980. The film is now available for watching on a video sharing platform with English sub-titles and it is in HD. The gist of the story of the film is as under:

The story centres around the two main characters. Anirudh (Naseeruddin Shah) is the principal of a blind school who is handicapped by his blindness. Kavita (Shabana Azmi), a young widow is emotionally handicapped due to death of her husband. She has become reclusive and shuns the society. Her only hobby is the gardening and singing. Her close friend, Manju (Sudha Chopra) tries to bring Kavita out of her shell and suggests to work for the blind school of which her husband is one of the patrons. But she  does not succeed much.

On a party arranged by Manju on the occasion of her marriage anniversary, she invites Kavita who reluctantly agrees to attend. In the party, Kavita sees Anirudh whom she had briefly met near her house. She meets him and gets formally introduced as a principal of a blind school. After getting to know her background, Anirudh requests her to join his blind school as he finds it difficult to get the required sighted personals for the school. After much persuasion by Manju, Kavita joins the blind school.

After joining the blind school, children are happy with Kavita as they get the motherly treatment which was not there earlier. She makes them participate in extra-curricular activities like handicrafts, sports, plays, music etc. Anirudh is happy that the children have been kept busy in constructive activities. Over a period of time, both Anirudh and Kavita come closer and start liking each other’s company. They get engaged.

However, Anirudh starts developing complex of being visually handicapped. He feels that after marriage Kavita would get projected having made a great sacrifice in marrying a handicapped person. He would always feel low in front of Kavita. He may have to depend upon her after the marriage. So, he decides to call-off the engagement. Kavita is shocked by his decision but she diverts her mind by continuing her work among the blind students of the school. She learns Braille, (the language in which blind students read the books) and translate many books in Braille.

One day, Anirudh comes to Kavita’s house and request her to leave the blind school as according to him, it is creating the resentments among the other visually impaired staff and teachers. Actually, this is an excuse. The real reason is that Anirudh finds himself uncomfortable ever since he called off his engagement with Kavita. This time, Kavita tells him that she would not leave the school as it is her need to be with the 200 students of blind school. And if Anirudh forces her to leave, she would revolt against the order. After the few days of this incidence, Kavita, while in the school comes to know that Anirudh has been transferred to another blind school out of Delhi. Kavita tenders her resignation sighting the reason that the school needs Anirudh more than her.

When Manju comes to know about these developments, she goes to meet Anirudh in his office and tells him point blank that he has been seeing the imaginary issues in his marriage out of his complex and ego without giving any consideration the impact of his decision on Kavita’s life who has once again been emotionally shattered with his decision. After Manju’s friendly banter, the realisation comes to Anirudh’s mind. The film ends with a scene showing Anirudh slowly walking towards Kavita’s house.

The highlight of the film is Sai Paranjpye’s crisp screen-play and dialogues which I feel has made the film more interesting to watch with no melodramatic scenes. Naseeruddin Shah’s restrained performance as a blind principal of the school is one of his bests among his acting in the middle-of-the-road films. Before the shooting, he had spent about a fortnight with the blind principal of BSRA, Delhi to observe his mannerism and conduct. One can observe in the film that Sai Paranjpye has not shown him as blind man in a conventional way which we are used to see in Hindi films. He looks like a normal sighted man. It is only his mannerism in talking, walking, picking up of things etc which gives an impression of a blind man.

The title of the film ‘Sparsh’ is very apt which literally mean ‘touch’. But in a broader sense, it means ‘feeling’ which is the essence of the film. I will highly recommend the readers of this Blog to watch the film, preferably in one seating if not already seen.

‘Sparsh’ (1980) has 3 songs, all written by Indu Jain and sung by Sulakshna Pandit. The songs have been set to music by Kanu Roy. I am presenting the first song ‘Geeton Ki Duniya Mein Sargam Hain Hum’ sung by Sulakshna Pandit and chorus. In audio clip, there is an additional stanza. Overall, it is an inspirational song.

With this song, ‘Sparsh’ (1980) make a debut in the Blog.

Notes and Acknowledgements:

  1. Some of the information about the background for making the film ‘Sparsh’ (1980) is based on an interview conducted by Sridhar Rangayan and Saagar Gupta titled ‘Queen of Humour: A Candid Interview with Award-Winning Director and Writer Sai Paranjpye,’ South Asianist, Vol 2, No.3 (2010).
  2. The anecdotes and trivia included in the article are based on the Marathi book, ‘Sai – Maaza Kalapravaas’ (2016) written by Sai Paranjpye.

Video

Audio

Song – Geeton Ki Duniya Mein Sargam Hain Hum (Sparsh) (1980) Singer – Sulakshana Pandit, Lyrics – Indu Jain, MD – Kanu Roy
Chorus

Lyrics

geeton ki duniya mein sargam hain hum
phoolon mein khushboo ke parcham hain hum
gaao bachcho
geeton ki duniya mein sargam hain hum
phoolon mein khushboo ke parcham hain hum
phir se gaao
geeton ki duniya mein sargam hain hum
phoolon mein khushboo ke parcham hain hum
 
chalte hain kadmon mein manzil bhare
mutthi mein khushiyon ki kunji dhare
chalte hain kadmon mein manzil bhare
muthi mein khushiyon ki kunji dhare
toofaan mein ghir jaayen kashti hain hum
taazi hawaaon ke jhonkhe hain hum
shabaash
geeton ki duniya mein sargam hain hum

phoolon mein khushboo ke parcham hain hum
geeton ki duniya mein sargam hain hum
phoolon mein khushboo ke parcham hain hum
 
nannhe dilon mein ummeeden hazaar
beejon mein jaise chhupi ho bahaar
nannhe dilon mein ummeeden hazaar
beejon mein jaise chhupi ho bahaar
kismat ki bagiya ke maali hain hum
kal ke karishme dikhaayenge hum
aa ha
geeton ki duniya mein sargam hain hum
phoolon mein khushboo ke parcham hain hum
geeton ki duniya mein sargam hain hum
phoolon mein khushboo ke parcham hain hum

chhote umar mein  akal se badhe
himmat ki mitti mein khele badhe
bolo
chhote umar mein akal se bade
himmat ki mitti mein khele badhe
taaron ko choo aayen itna hai dam
sir chadh jo bole ko jadoo hain hum
geeton ki duniya mein sargam hain hum
phoolon mein khushboo ke parcham hain hum
phir se gaao
geeton ki duniya mein sargam hain hum
phoolon mein khushboo ke parcham hain hum

——————————————–
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————

गीतों की दुनिया में सरगम हैं हम
फूलों में खुशबू के परचम हैं हम
गाओ बच्चो
गीतों की दुनिया में सरगम हैं हम
फूलों में खुशबू के परचम हैं हम
फिर से गाओ
गीतों की दुनिया में सरगम हैं हम
फूलों में खुशबू के परचम हैं ह

चलते हैं कदमों में मंज़िल भरे
मुट्ठी में खुशियों की पूंजी धरे
चलते हैं कदमों में मंज़िल भरे
मुट्ठी में खुशियों की पूंजी धरे
तूफाँ में घिर जाएँ कश्ती हैं हम
ताज़ी हवाओं के झोंके हैं हम
शाबाश
गीतों की दुनिया में सरगम हैं हम
फूलों में खुशबू के परचम हैं हम
गीतों की दुनिया में सरगम हैं हम
फूलों में खुशबू के परचम हैं हम

नन्हें दिलों में उम्मीदें हज़ार
बीजों में जैसे छुपी हो बहार
नन्हें दिलों में उम्मीदें हज़ार
बीजों में जैसे छुपी हो बहार
किस्मत की बगिया के माली हैं हम
कल के करिश्मे दिखाएंगे हम
आ हा
गीतों की दुनिया में सरगम हैं हम
फूलों में खुशबू के परचम हैं हम
गीतों की दुनिया में सरगम हैं हम
फूलों में खुशबू के परचम हैं हम

छोटे उमर में अकल से बड़े
हिम्मत की मिट्टी में खेले बढ़े
बोलो
छोटे उमर में अकल से बड़े
हिम्मत की मिट्टी में खेले बढ़े
तारों को छू आयें इतना है दम
सर चढ़ जो बोले वो जादू हैं हम
गीतों की दुनिया में सरगम हैं हम
फूलों में खुशबू के परचम हैं हम
फिर से गाओ
गीतों की दुनिया में सरगम हैं हम
फूलों में खुशबू के परचम हैं हम


This article is written by Raja, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4046 Post No. : 15175

Am writing this post with a heavy heart.
I never expected that I’d be writing a post on this occasion so soon.
But if we’ve learnt anything about life in all our lives, it is that life is unpredictable.
For all the wonderful advancements that science has made, we still don’t know who will live how long. All we know is that everyone has to go some day.

As it turned out, Independence Day 2019 was the day that Vidya Sinha, well-known heroine of (mainly) the 1970s, had to leave us and go.

When I came across the news on Twitter this (15th August) afternoon, I felt immensely sad. She had passed away in the morning.

A few days earlier I had got the news that she was on ventilator, with lung problems. That news shocked me because I had no idea that she was unwell at all. I had not heard about her for years – and then suddenly, boom, you get news like this.

So today, when I read the news of her death, it was not entirely unexpected. But that doesn’t mean it made me any less sad.

Vidya Sinha was part of my childhood, part of my schooldays.

I’ve often said I am a 1970s boy – which means my school life spanned that decade.

It is also the decade that I have most nostalgic memories of – especially with regard to films and music. In the 1980s, I was busy with higher studies, career, moving places etc – life changed quite a bit. And of course, thereafter, other priorities took over.

So it is the 1970s, and my experiences of that decade, the films I watched, the songs I listened to, that have particularly fond memories for me.

And Vidya Sinha was certainly very much part of those fond memories. As it turned out, the main part of her career was totally in that decade. Though she acted in the 80s too (and even later), I will always associate her with the 1970s.

I will not discuss her personal life – to be honest, I don’t know much about it. I am sure there are many other sources that can, and will, provide this. I will myself learn about it only from them.

This post, written so soon after her passing away, is just to pay her my own personal tribute.

Many who have remarked on her death, have referred to her as having the “girl next door” image in her films. And that’s not entirely off the mark. In many of her films, this was the type of role she played. Both her best-known films, Rajnigandha (1974) and Chhoti Si Baat (1976) portrayed her as a woman who you could easily run into in Bombay at a bus stop, waiting for a BEST bus. Or working in an office. She had that unassuming, down-to-earth image about her.

And it was this image that endeared her to many at that time.

That was the time when Hema Malini was the reigning female superstar. Zeenat Aman, Neetu Singh and Raakhee were also popular. Rekha , though not yet the star she was to become, had her fair share of films. Parveen Babi and Reena Roy were beginning to make their mark. Then there were others, like Yogeeta Bali, Moushumi Chatterjee and Sulakshana Pandit, who had their fans too.

Many of these heroines comfortably fitted the requirement of the typical mid-1970s masala film. Stories often had a plot around smuggling, or (if village-based) dacoits. There’d be song-and-dance, a car (or horse) chase, “disguises” – the usual masala stuff. Music was often loud, costumes even louder.

Then you also had the “art” films of the mid-70s. Dominated by Shabana Azmi and Smita Patil.

But there was also room for simple, wholesome entertainment – without the above-mentioned elements. Films of Hrishikesh Mukherjee and Basu Chatterjee specialized in this.

And this is where Vidya Sinha fitted in very comfortably.

She didn’t have a very prolific, or long, career – certainly not by standards of other heroines. She also didn’t have a very wide variety of roles, unlike many other heroines.

But one thing for sure. In almost every film she did, she had a role that you felt was just tailormade for her. Ok, she wasn’t a star like Hema Malini, but the roles themselves needed an understated, non-star type, actor. And no one did that better than Vidya. (In later years, Deepti Naval would do similar roles).

Vidya doesn’t quite get credit for her acting – but I think it could also be because I always felt she didn’t “act”. She just seemed to be natural for her role – you didn’t even notice her “acting”.

In those days, when I was in school, Hema, being the reigning superstar, was the favourite for many of my friends. In trying to be “hatke” :-), I preferred Vidya, Moushumi, Leena C, even Sulakshana. Their films usually had better storylines, I felt.

I’ve seen most of Vidya’s films of the time – she didn’t act in too many.
The ones that I remember are Rajnigandha (1974), Chhoti Si Baat (1976), Karm (1977), Mukti (1977), Inkaar (1977), Pati Patni Aur Woh (1978), Tumhaare Liye (1978) and Atithee (1978).

I have very fond memories of those times, and of her – which is why it hit harder to hear about her illness, and her death.

She might not be physically around anymore, but her films will remain with us. And memories of her films. I thank her for these at least.

Moving on the song for today, it is from a film Mera Jeevan (1976).

Now this is a film I do not recall seeing. But when I checked the songs, all of them seemed familiar. That’s possibly because at that time, I used to get to listen to a lot of songs, without having any clue about the film. I’d get to hear the song on radio, or through my classmates in school. Or I might even have seen the film at that time, but have no recall of it.

There are 4 songs in this film – of which 3 are already posted. The title song sung by Kishore Kumar “mera jeevan kuchh kaam na aaya” is quite well-known, as is “tera jogi aaya” by Rafisaab. The other song posted already is “Koi mere haathon mein mehendi lagaa de”, sung by Asha Bhosle. I’ve heard this song too in my schooldays.

The song that remains to be posted is “ye sooraj ye chanda ye taare”, sung by Asha Bhosle. From the clip it appears that Vidya Sinha is a teacher at a school, and singing this song to her students.

Lyrics are by MG Hashmat, probably best-known for “mera jeevan koraa kaagaz”. At least, that’s the first time I heard of him.

The song “ye sooraj ye chanda ye taare” is philosophical – talking primarily about life.

Which, given the context of this post, is most apt.

A few lines struck me as particularly poignant

Jeevan khilona hai
Kitna salona hai
Sukh dukh ke aansoo ka
Haar phirona hai
Isi khilone se
Khel rachaana hai
Kya leke aaye the
Kya leke jaana hai

So very true.

We come into this world with nothing, and with nothing we will one day return.

All we leave behind are a legacy, if at all, and memories.

Go well, Vidya Sinha.

Thank you for the memories.

May your soul rest in peace.

Om Shanti.

PS-With this philosophical song, all the songs of “Mera Jeewan”(1976) have been covered in the blog and this movie joins the list of movies that have been YIPPEED in the blog.


Song-Ye sooraj ye chanda ye taare(Mera Jeewan)(1976) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-M G Hashmat, MD-Sapan Jagmohan
Chorus

Lyrics

aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa
aa aa

ye sooraj ye chanda ye taare
bolo chalte hain kis ke sahaare
bolo bolo
hamaare
nahin
uske
jisne hum sab ko banaaya hai
achcha
ye sooraj ye chanda ye taare
bolo chalte hain kis ke sahaare
sadiyon se ghoome hai
kisko ye dhoondhe hai
ye sooraj ye chanda ye taare
bolo chalte hain kis ke sahaare

nadiya ki dhaara ye
badle kinaara ye
thham nahin paaye kyun
behti hi jaaye kyun
kahaan se aati hai
kahaan ko jaati hai
kisne pukaara hai
kiska ishaara hai
ghoome zameen
aur aasmaan
manzil miley
jaane kahaan
ye sooraj ye chanda ye taare
bolo chalte hain kis ke sahaare
sadiyon se ghoome hai
kisko ye dhoondhe hai
ye sooraj ye chanda ye taare
bolo chalte hain kis ke sahaare

jeewan khilauna hai
kitna salona hai
sukh dukh ke aansu ka haar pirona hai
isi khilaune se
khel rachaana hai
kya leke aaye thhe
kya leke jaana hai
baadal kahe
jis ko jahaan
jalte dilon ka hai ye dhuaan
ye sooraj ye chanda ye taare
bolo chalte hain kis ke sahaare
sadiyon se ghoome hai
kisko ye dhoondhe hai
ye sooraj ye chanda ye taare
bolo
chalte hain kis ke sahaare
ye sooraj ye chanda ye taare

bolo
chalte hain kis ke sahaare


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has over 15700 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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