Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Post by Sadanand Kamath’ Category


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4840 Post No. : 16627

‘Ye Gulistaan Hamaara’ (1972) was produced and directed by Atma Ram under the banner of Guru Dutt Films Combined. The star cast included Dev Anand and Sharmila Tagore in the lead roles supported by Pran, Iftikhar, Sujit Kumar, Johny Walker, Jaishree T, Lalita Pawar, Kanan Kaushal, Ramesh Deo, Raj Mehra, Keshav Rana, Janakidas etc.

The story is woven around a bridge which is being constructed over Dihing River in North-East India for a good connectivity. But the local tribals are oppose to it. They think that this is one way of imposing the slavery on the local tribes in the name of infrastructural development. This sentiment is exploited by some foreign agents who instigate the tribal chieftain to destroy the under-construction bridge. It is at this point, Dev Anand as an Intelligence Bureau Officer is sent to supervise the construction of the bridge without any hindrances.

How Dev Anand achieves the objective by overcoming the tribal opposition to construction of the bridge is the rest of the story that moves forward. If the film was to be made in English, it would have been apt to name the film as ‘The Bridge on the River Dihing’ on the lines of a well- known Hollywood film ‘The Bridge on the River Kwai’.

The film’s outdoor shooting was done in Assam (near Digboi where a bridge was under construction), Meghalaya, and Arunachal Pradesh. During the shooting of the film, the crew faced the hostile crowd led by the Naga Students Federation in Shillong. Some stone throwing incidences were also reported. The Naga students felt that it was a politically motivated film to insult the Naga tribal culture. Sharmila Tagore played the role of a Naga girl named ‘Sekrenyi’ which is the name of the holy festival of Angami Naga tribe. It is said that with the intervention of Bhupen Hazarika, the shooting of the film went on smoothly thereafter. The name of Sharmila Tagore’s character in the film was changed to ‘Soo Reni’.

In my younger days, I had read in the newspapers about the opposition of local tribals in laying the railway tracks in Meghalaya (Guwahati to Byrnihat). I understand that this line is yet to be operational. The same problem is faced for the railway track between Silchar and Imphal in Manipur. The main worry the local tribals is that good connectivity would lead to the influx of outsiders in their tribal belts threatening their own existence and culture. I feel that ‘Ye Gulistaan Hamaara’ (1972) was a ‘half-baked’ attempt to remove tribal population’s worries about the likely cultural dominance by the rest of India over the North-East’s tribal culture.

At the time of the release of the film, Naga Students Federation took out the protest march for banning the film on the ground of undermining the Naga tribal culture. They also felt that a couple of songs in the film sounded racial. In any case, they opposed the released of the film in Nagaland and Meghalaya. There were violent protests on the streets of Shillong. Finally, the film was released in 1973 after incorporating a notice in the film itself that ‘customs depicted in film, folk dances, dresses etc have no parallel with any of the tribes in Nagaland’. Some songs’ wordings were also changed to appease the protestors.

Initially, Danny Denzongpa was to perform the role of Dev Anand’s local associate in the film. S D Burman had already recorded a song in Danny voice along with Lata Mangeshkar. However, Johny Walker insisted with Atma Ram that he should also get a role in the film. Atma Ram agreed to take Johny Walker in place of Danny. However, Danny’s first song as a playback singer was retained which was picturised on Johny Walker. I personally feel that the role of a local person would have fitted well on Danny because of his facial feature. But at that time, Danny was a newcomer to protest. His consolation must have been the debut song he sang under the baton of S D Burman which was well appreciated.

‘Ye Gulistaan Hamaara’ (1972) had 7 songs of which six songs were written by Anand Bakshi. Six songs have been covered on the Blog, details of which areas under:

Songs Date of Posting Singers
Gori gori gaaon ki gori re 30/10/2008 Kishore Kumar – Lata
Mera naam yaao mere paas aao 17/01/2009 Dany Denzongpa-Lata
Naina soyi soyi raina jaage jaage 09/06/2013 Lata Mangeshkar
Ho Tushima ri Tushima…aa gara toofaan 31/10/2018 Lata Mangeshkar
Hey suno meri baat chalo mere saath 03/12/2020 Kishore Kumar
Saare jahaan se achcha Hindostaan hamaara 26/01/2021 Sushma Shreshta and Kids -1, Chorus Version-2

I am presenting the 7th and the final song, ‘kya ye zindagi hai kaisi bebasi hai’ from the film which is rendered by Lata Mangeshkar, S D Burman and chorus. The song is written by Anand Bakshi. The song has its uniqueness in that when Lata Mengeshkar sings, the chorus voices parallelly sing some words which I am unable to decipher.

With this song, all the songs from the film ‘Ye Gulistaan Hamaara’ (1972) have been covered on the Blog.

Audio Clip:

Video Clip:

Song-Kya ye zindagi hai (Ye Gulsitaan Hamaara)(1972) Singers-Lata, S D Burman, Lyrics-Anand Bakshi, MD-S D Burman

Lyrics (Based on the Audio Clip):

kya ye zindagi hai
kaisi bebasi hai
bolo kyun khade ho gumsum
kya ye zindagi hai
kaisi bebasi hai
bolo kyun khade ho gumsum
ek baar mila de na
ek baar mila de na

sadiyon se yoon hi
sar pe dukhon kaa
bojha uthaaye
in parbaton pe
ham chal rahen hain
bhookhe nange pyaase
laao haath
laao haath
apne saath
laao haath apne saath
chalke dekho do kadam tum
kya ye zindagi hai
kaisi bebasi hai
bolo kyun khade ho gumsum

kitni hai doori ee
ham bade peechhe
tum bade aage
tumhen chhoo naa paaye
tumhen chhoo bhi len to
thukraaye jaayen
apna mel
nahin khel
apna mel
nahin khel
o baabu kahaan hum kahaan tum
kya ye zindagi hai
kaisi bebasi hai
bolo kyun khade ho gumsum
ek baar mila de na
ek baar mila de na

hamne ye maana
ham to bure hain
hamne ki buraayi
tum to bhale ho.o o
tumne hamaari
ki hai kya bhalaayi
samjhaao
sikhlaao
samjhaao
sikhlaao
gale se lagaa ke hamen tum
kya ye zindagi hai
kaisi bebasi hai
bolo kyun khade ho gumsum


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4839 Post No. : 16625 Movie Count :

4528

In Hindi film industry, there have been many ‘rags to riches’ stories since its inceptions. There were instances where ‘rags to riches’ went back to their ‘rags’ status because they could not prudently handle their wealth and the fame. On the other hand, there are instances who could retain their rich status thanks to their dedication to work as well as prudent financial planning. One of them was Chandrashekar Narvekar, who is known in Hindi film industry as N. Chandra (born 04/04/1952).

N Chandra was born and brought up in a lower middle class family in the midst of mill workers in Worli Naka. The working class had their chawls and hutments at the foot of Worli Hills while the affluent class of the society lived on the top of the hills. So, he had closely seen the economic disparity between the rich and the poor.

After completion of his high-school, N Chandra joined the Film Centre at Tardeo in the film editing division where his father was employed. He learnt the nuances of film editing. In 1971, he started as clapper boy for Gulzar’s ‘Mere Apne’ (1971) and became one of Gulzar’s assistant directors in ‘Parichay’ (1972), ‘Koshish’ (1972), ‘Achanak’ (1973), Aandhi’ (1975), ‘Khushboo’ (1975) and ‘Mausam’ (1975). Chandrashekhar Narvekar changed his name to N Chandra when he became the associate director to Bapu in ‘Bezubaan’ (1982) and ‘Woh 7 Din’ (1983) for which he was also a full-pledged Editor of these two films.

While working for ‘Woh 7 Din’ (1983), N Chandra got the inspiration to independently direct a Hindi film. He co-produced and directed his debut film ‘Ankush’ (1986) with non-star actors, most of whom were from Marathi and Gujarati stages. The story of the film was based on what N Chandra had witnessed during his younger days in Worli Naka after a prolonged mill workers strike. At that time, Worli-Lower Parel areas of Mumbai had the highest concentrations of cotton mills. The prolonged strike led to the closure of mills permanently, creating unemployment among the youth and the social unrest.

‘Ankush’ (1986) grossed over 3 crores on the box office on a budget of Rs,12 lakhs, a part of which was raised by N Chandra by selling his personal belongings. The tremendous success of the film helped Nana Patekar in improving his career graph as an actor. For N Chandra, the film boosted his confidence that a good story based on the contemporary subject with a realistic approach in direction could make a film successful even with non-star actors. His next two films – ‘Pratighaat’ (1987) and ‘Tezaab’ (1988) completed a sort of a trilogy of films on social justice.

‘Pratighaat’ (1987) was the second film which N Chandra directed apart from writing the screen-play and editing the film. The film was produced by A Ramoji Rao and was a remake of a Telugu film ‘Pratighatana’ (1985) which was also remade in Malayalam as ‘Pakarathinu Pakaram’ (1986). Sujata Mehta, a prominent Gujarati stage actor who had become popular with her Hindi TV serials ‘Khandaan’ (1985) and ‘Shrikant’ (1986), made her debut in this film as a lead actor along with Arvind Kumar and Charan Raj. The other actors included Rohini Hattangadi, Ashok Saraf, Mohan Bhandari, Nana Patekar, Subbiraj, Usha Nadkarni, Savita Bajaj, Ravi Patwardhan, Anuradha Sawant etc. The film was released on March 17, 1987.

Even though, in the film, Sujata Mehta was paired with Arvind Kumar, it was Charan Raj who had a larger presence in the film in the role of a criminal, Kali Prasad. Charan Raj is a Kannada actor who mostly did the role of a villain in Kannada, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam and Hindi films. He has also produced, directed and composed music for some films.

The DVD of the film is available for on-line for viewing. However, the quality of the picture as well as sound is not of good quality. Hence, I have watched the film sporadically. The gist of the story of the film is as under:

Laxmi (Sujata Mehta) is married to Satya Prakash (Arvind Kumar) who is a practicing lawyer. Laxmi works as a scool teacher. In the town, there is a hardened criminal, Kali Prasad (Charan Raj) whose writ rules over the entire town as he has blessing from a local politician. He has bee arrested in the past but gets release on bail with the blessing of a local politician which is followed by Kali taking the revenge on the complainers or the policeman who arrested him, resulting in their deaths. One of the victims is an ex-constable (Nana Patekar) who has become insane after his wife is brutually killed by Kali.

Laxmi finds it odd that even her school is under the influence of Kali for his notorious activities. She seeks help from her college-mate, sub-inspector, Ajay Shrivastav (Mohan Bhandari). He tells Laxmi that there is no point in arresting him as no one would stand witness against him and he gets the bail.
Nonetheless, Ajay arrests him after which he gets the bail. In the broad daylight, Ajay is murdered by Kali and Laxmi has witnessed his murder. She is ready to stand witness against Kali in the police station. Kali takes revenge on Laxmi by striping her in the public and in front of her husband who is scared to rescue her.

Laxmi takes a vow that she would continue to fight against Kali for justice and she is helped by Durga (Rohni Hattangadi) whose husband was killed by Kali for lodging complaint against him in the police station. Local election is due and Kali has been selected as a candidate. Laxmi stands in the elections against Kali. Kali’s hooligans create a lot of problem for Laxmi in her election campaign. Kali wins the election by booth capturing.

During the election victory celebration, Laxmi reaches on the stage and congratulate him on his election victory. She has brought a real axe which was the election symbol of Kali and hacks him to death in front of a large crowd. The film ends with police arriving on the scene and arresting Laxmi who sarcastically tells the Inspector that she is happy that he is doing his duties which he failed to do so while Kali was on a killing spree in the town.

‘Pratighaat’ (1987) made with non-star cast was a runway success at the box office front. The film reviews highly praised the performance of Sujata Mehta and Charan Raj.

The film had four songs all written and composed by Ravindra Jain. I am presenting the first song, ‘tere sar pe mere pyaar kaa farz hai’ from the film to appear on the Blog. The song is rendered by S P Balasubrahmanyam and S Janaki.

With this song, the film, ‘Pratighaat’ (1987) makes its debut on the Blog.

Audio Clip:

Video Clip:

Song-Jaanam yahaan koi nahin (Pratighaat)(1987) Singers-S Janaki, S P Balasubrahmanyam, Lyrics-Ravindra Jain, MD-Ravindra Jain
Both

Lyrics

hmm hmm hmm
hmm hmm hmm hmm
aa haa haa haa
aa aa aa
hmm hmm hmm
hmm hmm hmm hmm
aa haa haa
hmm hmm hmm
hmm hmm

tere sar pe mere
pyaar kaa karz hai
karz kar de adaa
ye tera farz hai
o o
yoon door rahke na kar aur bhi bekaraar
jaanam yahaan
koi nahin ee
jaanam yahaan
koi nahin ee

ek hi raat mein
kaise doon main chuka
re dheere dhreere tera
karz hoga adaa
hey ae
do ek din aur rahne de mujhpe udhaar
sone de naa
soyi nahin ee
sone de naa
soyi nahin ee

betaabi badhne lagi hai
dil pe rakh do haath

aise machal rahe ho
jaise pehli ho raat
ye tera badan phoolon saa mahka huwa aa
lagta hai tu thhoda thhoda behka huwa
ae ae
tera hi nasha hai

kyun peechhe pada hai
ho o
tera hi nasha hai
hey
kyun peechhe pada hai
deewaana karke na daaman chhuda baar baar
jaanam yahaan
koi nahin ee

sone de na
soyi nahin ee
tere sar pe mere pyaar ka karz hai
hey ae
karz kar de adaa
ye tera farz hai

hey
aankhon mein meri abhi neend ka hai khumaar
sone de naa
soyi nahin
ho o
jaanam yahaan
koi nahin

yoon mujhko jaga ke tum to roothh ke chaley
kya karna jab koi jaage raat dhaley ae ae
tum sowo aaram se koi jaley to jaley
meri tarah zara tu bhi to haath maley
o o
ab maan bhi jaao na
jaao bahlaao na
o o
ab maan bhi jaao na
jaao bahlaao na
tumko manaate manaate gayi main to haar

jaanam yahaan
koi nahin
jaanam yahaan
koi nahin

aah
aa ha ha ha
aahahah
aahahah
aaaah
ahahahaaha
oho
aahahaha
umhoon hmm
aahhahaha
unhmm
hahahaha
hahahaha
aaah


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4837 Post No. : 16621 Movie Count :

4527

‘Sonal’ (1973) was an obscure film which was produced under the banner of A K Productions. The film was directed by Prabhat Mukherjee. The star cast included Mallika Sarabhai and Jatin Khanna in the lead roles supported by Iftikhar, Gajanan Jagirdar, Sulochana, Sona, Gurnam Singh, Tarun Ghosh etc. It was debut film for Mallika Sarabhai and Jatin Khanna. The film’s censor certificate was issued on December 26, 1973. I am not sure if the film was released.

The name of the film’s director, Prabhat Mukherjee (1917-1997) sounded familiar to me as I had come across his name in the context of Arundhati Devi while doing a series ‘Hindi Songs in Bangla Films’ for the Blog. Arundhati Devi was the actor-singer and director of many Bangla films. She has acted with Prabhat Mukherjee in Bangla films during 1950-56.

According to Indrani Maitra, the sister of Prabhat Mukherjee, he had started his career with All India Radio, Calcutta (Kolkata) in the early 1940s. Thereafter, he switched over to Bangla films as an actor from 1950. He turned writer-director with his Bangla film ‘Maa” (1956) in which Arundhati Devi was the lead actress with Asit Baran. Prabhat Mukherjee and Arundhati Devi got married in 1955 but their marriage was short-lived resulting in a divorce in 1957 after which Aundhati Devi got married to Tapan Sinha. Prabhat Mukherjee got married for the second time, but this marriage too resulted in a divorce.

Prabhat Mukherjee also directed films in Oriya, Assamese and Hindi. ‘Shayar-e-Kashmir Mahjoor’ (1972) was his first Hindi film as a director in which Balraj Sahni acted with his son, Parikshat Sahni. Apart from ‘Sonal’ (1973), he also directed ‘Chimni Ka Dhuan’ (1973) with Motilal and Balraj Sahni. It appears that both these films may have got delayed in their censor certification and releases.

Prabhat Mukherjee continued to be associated with Bangla films into 1980s. While on his filmy career front, he won as many as 5 National Awards for his films that included Bangla, Oriya and Assamese during 1959-64, on a personal front, he was emotionally affected by his two divorces. To get the peace of mind, he visited Dwarkamai in Shirdi which was the place where Shri Sai Baba spent a major part of his life until his death. Here, Prabhat Mukherjee found peace, courage and strength to face the life. He devoted most of of his time studying and teachings of Shirdi Sai Baba. He also wrote a book ‘Redemption at Shirdi’ in Bengali which was later translated into English by his sister, Indrani Maitra and got published after his death in 1997.

The film ‘Sonal’ (1973) is not available for viewing on any on-line platforms. So, I had to rely on film’s booklet giving the synopsis of the story which was reproduced on ‘Cinemaazi’ in Hindi. The gist of the story of the film is as under:

College going Sonal (Mallika Sarabhai) has grown up under the loving care of her sister-in-law (Sulochana Latkar). During a family picnic, Sonal meets Dr. Rajeev (Jatin Khanna) who has been working in a leprosy hospital as a part of his desire to serve such patients. He has only two aims in his life – to conduct research to eradicate leprosy and to look after his deaf and mute sister.

Both Sonal and Dr. Rajeev meets regularly which culminates into liking for each other. They wish to get married. However, Sonal’s elder brother (Iftikhar) who is well educated and a lawyer, opposes the marriage taking an conservative view. It is his wife (Sonal’s sister-in-law) who is not so much educated but has a liberal attitude, arranges for the marriage.

Rajeev remains busy with his hospital as well as his research works for which he is assisted by Laxmi (Sona). Over a period of time, Sonal becomes jealous of Laxmi who is with Dr Rajeev most of the time. Laxmi on the other hand is jealous of Sonal who is very much loved by Rajeev. Neither Sonal could understand the importance of Laxmi in Dr. Rajeev’s research work not Laxmi understands Dr Rajeev’s love for his wife.

The situation reaches a flash point when Dr Rajeev’s close associate in research work becomes a catalyst for creating a rift between Sonal and Dr Rajeev which leads to their separation. Neither her lawyer-brother’s conservative attitudes nor a sympathetic attitude of her sister-in-law can bring the reproachment between Sonal and Dr Rajeev. Finally, the realisation on the part of Soanl that both she and Dr Rajeec are the soulmate and the external factors should not affect their relationship, gets them united.

‘Sonal’ (1973) has 4 songs written by Yogesh Gaud which are set to music by Manna Dey. In fact, after a gap of over 15 years, Manna Dey took the baton as a music director of this film which was his last film as a music director.

I present the first song ‘deewaangi deewaangi ye pyaar ki’ from the film to appear on the Blog. The song is rendered by Manna Dey and Usha Rege. On the basis of the lyrics, it appears that the song has benn picturised on Jatin Khanna and Mallika Sarabhai during their courtship.

With this song, ‘Sonal’ (1973) makes its debut on the Blog.

Audio Clip:

Song-Deewaangi ye pyaar ki (Sonal)(1973) Manna Dey, Usha Rege, Lyrics-Yogesh, MD-Manna Dey
Both

Lyrics

deewaangi ee
deewaangi
ye pyaar ki
kyun ban gayi hai meri zindagi
har ghadi dil mein
dil ki mehfil mein
chhaayi rahe koi bekhudi ee
deewaangi ee
deewaangi
haay teri
deewaangi ban gayi hai meri
har ghadi dil mein
dil ki mehfil mein
chhaayi rahe koi bekhudi ee
deewaangi

ye kya nainon mein hai
toone kaajal se likhaa
honthon se
dheere se
bikhre hansi kyun bataa aa
ho o o o
ho o o o
maine naam tera
nainon mein hai likh liya
honthon se
chhalke re
nagma tere pyaar kaa aa aa

ye khumaari ye bekaraari
dekho kam ho na kabhi ee
deewaangi
haay teri
deewaangi ban gayi hai meri
har ghadi dil mein
dil ki mehfil mein
chhaayi rahe koi bekhudi ee
deewaangi

toone har janam mein
maang bhar di saajna
janmon kaa
ye naata
dekho kabhi toote naa aa

ho o o o
ho o o o
bolo kab akele
ham jiyen tere bina
saathi re
dekho ye
bandhan kabhi chhoote naa aa
toot jaaye koi na haay
teri meri ye khushi

deewaangi
ye pyaar ki
kyun ban gayi hai meri zindagi
har ghadi dil mein
dil ki mehfil mein
chhaayi rahe koi bekhudi ee
deewaangi
haay teri
deewaangi ban gayi hai meri
har ghadi dil mein

dil ki mehfil mein
chhayi rahe koi bekhudi
deewaangi


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4835 Post No. : 16618

koi aaghe aaghe thhi venu vaay chhe

Thus sang the Nightingale of Gujarat, Kaumudi Munshi, who is regarded as the pioneer in popularising the semi-classical non-filmy songs in Gujarati.

Today, October 13, 2021 is first Remembrance Day of vocalist, Kaumudi Munshi, the Gujarat Kokila who regaled her Gujarati admirers spread all over the world with her beautiful renditions of semi-classical non-film songs. She sang in the genres of bhajans, ghazals, thumris, dadras and other forms of ‘sugam sangeet’ in Gujarati and Hindi for over 6 decades.

I had watched the videos of the facilitations to Kaumudi Munshi on the occasion her 90th birth day, held sometime in 2019 during which she also rendered a few of her popular non-film songs. She looked hale and hearty even in her 90s with clear diction. Unfortunately, she became one of the victims of Covid and left for her heavenly abode in the early morning of October 13, 2020 at the age of 91. Aakashvaani, Rajkot paid a special tribute to Kaumudi Munshi by playing some of her non-filmy Gujarati songs on the same day.

Kaumudi Munshi (1929 – 13/10/2020) was the sixth child of Kunwar Nandlal Munshi and Anuben Munshi, born in Varanasi in a landlord family. Her forefathers belonged to Vadnagar in Gujarat but they had settled in Varanasi 6-7 generations back. Hence the family members mostly spoke in Hindi. Because of the servants in the house who spoke in Awadhi and Bhojpuri, she was proficient in speaking these dialects also.

From the childhood, Kaumudi was exposed to classical music as there used to be regular musical soirees in her house. After completion of graduation in music from Banaras Hindu University in 1950, she came to Mumbai where her brothers were settled. Her maternal uncle and Gujarati laureate, Ramanlal Desai and his son Akshay Desai helped her in pursuing a career in music. Akshay Desai taught her Gujarati in which she was not proficient due to her upbringing in Varanasi.

After passing the audition test, Kaumudi Munshi joined All India Radio (AIR) as a singer in 1951. Starting as a chorus singer, she graduated to singing solo songs on AIR, mostly composed by Ninu Mazumdar, the music director of Hindi films of 40s and early 50s who was also a music producer in AIR. This relationship developed into her marriage with Ninu Mazumdar in 1954.

Generally, training for vocalists in classical music starts in the childhood so that by the time, they attain adulthood, they are well trained to perform as concert vocalists. But in the case of Kaumudi Munshi, though she was interested in classical music, her family did not encourage her as singing was not regarded as honourable career for a girl. However, after the marriage, Ninu Mazumdar encouraged her to take a formal training in Hindustani classical music as a vocalist. She had two options to take training – Siddeshwari Devi, the thumri queen and Begum Akhtar, the ghazal queen. Kaumudi Munshi chose Siddeshwari Devi over Begum Akhtar purely from the logistic point of view as the former was staying in Varanasi and Kaumudi had the parental house in Varanasi.

During 1955-60, Kaumudi Munshi mostly stayed in Varanasi for her training and accompanied Siddeshwari Devi on her concerts and the music conferences. Later, she also took training from Ustad Taj Ahmed Khan for ghazal singing.

After returning to Mumbai in early 1960s, she concentrated on singing thumri, dadra, ghazal, bhajan, and folk songs mainly from Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat. Most of her songs were composed by her husband, Ninu Mazumdar though she also worked with other music director like Avinash Vyas, Dilip Dholkiya, Ajit Merchant etc. She sang semi-classical songs mainly in Gujarati and Hindi Probably, Kaumudi Munshi may be the first to popularise the Hindustani semi-classical songs in Gujarati. She also composed and sung children’s songs both in Hindi and Gujarati.

Kaumudi Munshi’s association with Hindi films was very limited. It started and virtually ended in 1954 with two films – ‘Bhai Saheb’ (1954) and ‘Teen Tasveeren’ (1954) for which her husband, Ninu Mazumdar was the music director. The reason was that she started singing in Hindi films only after her marriage with Ninu Mazumdar in 1954. In the same year, she left for Varanasi to be the disciple of Siddeshwari Devi. After her return to Mumbai in early 1960s, she and her husband concentrated on non-filmy semi-classical and folk songs though she sang in two Hindi films, ‘Shola Aur Shabnam’ (1961) and ‘Raja Aur Rank’ (1968) besides singing a song in a Bhojpuri film ‘Bidesiya’ (1963).

On the occasion of the first Remembrance Day of Kaumudi Munshi, I have chosen one of her songs from the film ‘Teen Tasveeren’ (1954). The song is ‘kar ke singaar chali, saajan ke dwaar chali’. The song is in two parts. The part of the song sung by Kaumudi Munshi and chorus is written by Prem Dhawan while remaining part-1 and the full pat-2 of the song sung by Ninu Mazumdar is mainly based on Sant Kabir Das’s nirgun bhajan.

‘Teen Tasveeren’ (1954) was a very obscure film with not so well-known cast. I have no idea about the story of the film. Hence, it is difficult to know the context in which the song under discussion was picturised. What I can surmise is that while the first part of the song rendered by Kaumudi Munshi and Chorus is pre-wedding ‘bidaai’ song, the part of the song sung by Ninu Mazumdar which continues in Part-2 is, in the broader context of ‘bidaai’ from this world. In a way, part-2 of the song is philosophical. The word, ‘saajan’ has been used metaphorically to mean the Lord of the universe in Ninu Mazumdar’s version.

The broad meaning of the Ninu Mazumdar’s version of the song is as under:

O clever woman, be ready with make-up and the best dresses. You have to go to the God’s house. Do wash, bathe and braid your hairs. There is no returning from God’s house where the shroud will be of earth; the bed will be of earth and thus you will have to get united with the earth.

————————————————————————————-

Note: The life sketch of Kaumudi Munshi is based on https://www.kaumudimunshi.com/about.html and the video of her interview taken in Gujarati on the occasion of her 90th birthday celebration.

Audio Clip (Parts-1&2):

Song-Kar ke singaar chali saajan ke dwaar chali (Teen Tasweeren)(1954) Singers-Kaumudi Munshi, Ninu Majumdar, Lyrics-Kabeer, MD-Ninu Majumdar
Chorus

Lyrics

————————-
Part-1
————————-

kar ke singaar chali
saajan ke dwaar chali
chatura albe..li
kar ke singaar chali
saajan ke dwaar chali
chatura albe..li
chhanan chhanan mori ghunghroo baaje
jhanan jhanan paayaliyaa re
jhanan jhanan paayaliyaa
chhanan chhanan mori ghunghroo baaje
jhanan jhanan paayaliyaa re
jhanan jhanan paayaliyaa
sanan sanan gaaye re pawan ghan
ghanan ghanan baadaliyaa
sanan sanan gaaye re pawan ghan
ghanan ghanan baadaliyaa
o o o o o o
kar ke singaar chali
saajan ke dwaar chali
chatura albe..li

dhin ta thai thai
dhin ta thai thai
dhin dha ki ta dhaki ta dha
dhin ta thai thai
dhin ta thai thai
dhin ta thai thai
dhin dha ki ta dhaki ta dha
dhaki ta dha
ta thai thai

gori teri saajan kaun albela
khel kahaan preet ka khela aa
gori teri saajan kaun albela
khel kahaan preet ka khela

o o o o o
mujhse na poochho
poochho in nainan se..ae
jaane ye kya kah baithe ae saajan se
thhaam ke mori bainyyaan
chupke se bole sainyaan
thhaam ke mori bainyyaan
chupke se bole sainyaan
ab raha jaaye na akela
o o o o o o
saj dhaj ke naar chali
ban ke bahaar chali
chatura albe..li
kar ke singaar chali
saajan ke dwaar chali
chatura albe..li

kar le singaa….ar
chatura albeli ee ee
saajan ke ghar jaana hoga
kar le singaa….ar

————————–
Part-2
————————–

kar le singaa….ar
chatura albeli ee ee
saajan ke ghar jaana hogaa
kar le singaa…aar

naha le dho le
sheesh gunthha le
naha le dho le
sheesh gunthha le
phir wahaan se nahin aana hogaa…aa
saajan ke ghar jaana hogaa
kar le singaa…ar
chatura albeli..ee ee
saajan ke ghar jaana hogaa
kar le singa….ar

mitti odhaawan mitti bichhaawan
mitti odhaawan mitti bichhaawan
mitti mein mil jaana hogaa…aa
mitti mein mil jaana hogaa
mitti mein mil jaana hogaa


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4829 Post No. : 16608

‘Anjaan’ (1941) was produced under the banner of Bombay Talkies and was directed by Amiya Chakraborty who made his debut as a director with this film. The star cast included Devika Rani and Ashok Kumar in the lead roles supported by Girish, P F Pithawala, V H Desai, Gulab, David, Fatty Prasad, Yusuf Suleiman, Master Suresh, Baby Madhuri, Rewashankar, Arun Kumar etc. For Devika Rani, it was her ‘comeback’ film after her last film ‘Durga’ (1939) and after the death of her husband, Himanshu Rai in 1940.

Another ‘first’ for the film ‘Anjaan’ (1941) was that R D Mathur, the US trained photographer who was assistant to Josef Wirsching, the German cinematographer of Bombay Talkies, made his debut as a Cinematographer for the film. He got this opportunity as Josef Wirsching, being a German, was jailed in India during the World War-II. R D Mathur earned his name as an ace cinematographer for his works in films such as ‘Mughal-e-Azam’ (1960) and Razia Sultana’ (1983). He also completed the cinematography work for ‘Paakeezah’ (1971) after the sudden death of the film’s cinematographer, Josef Wirsching.

Since the inception of the film productions by Bombay Talkies in 1935, Saraswati Devi and Ramchandra Pal used to be the music directors of all the films of Bombay Talkies released till 1940. ‘Anjaan’ (1941) was the first film of Bombay Talkies for which instead of Saraswati Devi or Ramchandra Pal, the music direction of the film was entrusted to Pannalal Ghosh, who had shifted from Kolkata to Mumbai in 1940 with his wife and playback singer, Parul Ghosh.

Pandit Pannalal Ghosh (24/07/1911 – 20/04/1960), the renowned flautist, who was the pioneer in introducing the flute as the musical instrument in the Hindustani classical musical concerts, had to start his initial musical career in the film industry in Kolkata at the age of 17 when he lost his father. He started with playing flute during the exhibitions of the silent films. When the sound films came into being, he became the music assistant, first to Kazi Nazrul Islam and thereafter to R C Boral when he joined the New Theatres as a musician. He had assisted R C Boral when for the first time, playback singing Indian films was introduced for ‘Dhoop Chhaaon’/Bhagyachakra’ (1935).

Pannalal Ghosh’s association with the film industry was mainly to earn money to take care of his family. His interest was to become a Hindustani classical musician with flute as his musical instrument. He formally became the ‘gadabandh’ disciple of Ustad Khushi Mohammed Khan and after his death, the disciple of Pandit Girija Prasad Chakraborty. Besides working for New Theatres, Pannalal Ghosh regularly participated in the programmes of the All India Radio, Kolkata as a flautist.

In early 1940, Pannalal Ghosh shifted his base to Mumbai along with his family as he felt that there was no recognition to his work in Kolkata. In Mumbai, he followed the same strategy – working in the films for sustenance and pursuing his interest in Hindustani classical music. He immediately got his first assignment as a music director for Kikubhai Desai’s film ‘Sneh Bandhan’ (1940). This was followed by ‘Anjaan’ (1941), ‘Basant’ (1942), ‘Sawwal’ (1943), ‘Duhaai’ (1943), ‘Bhalaai’ (1943), ‘Police’ (1944), ‘Beesvi Sadi’ (1945) ‘Aadhar’ (1945) etc.

However, Pannalal Ghosh could not get satisfaction with his work because of the way the Hindi film industry worked. During this time, Ustad Allauddin Khan of Maihar Gharana, the exponent of multiple musical instruments like sarod, sitar, flute, Veena etc. was staying in Mumbai. Pannalal Ghosh became his disciple at a time when he was already started giving public concerts. ‘Aandolan’ (1951) was his last film as a music director.

From 1955-60, Pannalal Ghosh took up the job as a Composer and Director of All India Radio, Delhi Vadhya Vrinda (Orchestra) and stayed in Delhi with his family. His connection with Hindi films was limited to playing flute as and when music directors called him to Mumbai. The best exmaples of his flute recitals can be found in the song main piya teri tu maane ya na maane from ‘Basant Bahaar’ (1956) and in the song mohe panghat pe nandlal chhed gayo re from ‘Mughal-e-Azam’ (1960).

I have always thought that the flute was a tiny musical instrument – may be not more than 12-18 inches long. I realised that it was not so when I when I saw the photographs of Pandit Pannalal Ghosh and Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia playing with their long flutes. The credit for elongating the flute’s normal length to as high as 32 inches goes to Pandit Pannalal Ghosh with an extra 7th hole so that the tiny folk instrument becomes capable of playing Hindustani classical music in various raags. Over a period of time, flute has become one of the concerts’ music instruments along with other music instruments. Probably, Pandit Pannalal Ghosh was the first Hindustani classical musician to play the solo flute in public concerts.

Pandit Pannalal Ghosh died of a massive heart attack on April 20, 1960 when he was 48. He has left a large number of his disciples to keep his legacy alive.

The story of ‘Anjaan’ (1941) as under:

Indira (Devika Rani) is employed by Ranima (Gulab), the widow of the landlord as governess to look after her two children. Ramnath (Girish) is the Estate Manager to Ranima who loves Indira and to get her on his side, he is ready to turn to the villainous acts. Indira falls in love with Dr. Ajit (Ashok Kumar) who often visits Ranima for her medical check-up. Now, this turns into a love triangle. The more love between Dr Ajit and Indira blossom, the more villainous Ramnath turns. Ramnath falsely accuses Indira of secretly visiting to Ajit’s house in the night about which he complains to Ranima. Indira gets her services as governess terminated.

After hearing from Ajit about the wrong doings by Ramnath, it is too much for Ranima for her already weak heart leading to the further deterioration of her fragile health. Ajit administers her injection to revive Ranima but in vain. She is dead. Ramanth finds a good excuse to implicate Ajit on the charge of the murder of Ranima.

The news of the alleged murder by Ajit unnerves Indira as Ramnath tells her that he is going the lodge the murder charges against Ajit. She agreed to marry Ramnath provided he lets Ajit free from the murder charges. Hereafter, she avoids meeting Ajit which creates misunderstanding in his mind about Indira. He decides to leave the place for the city. Ajit decision to migrate to the city is too much for Indira. She decides to meet Ajit at the railway station to tell him the truth. After listening her, Ajit tells her to wait for his return from the city.

Ramnath comes to know about the double crossing by Indira. He lodges the charge of murder on Ajit who is arrested in the city. To prove the motive for the murder of Ranima, Ramnath removes some costly jewelries and declares as missing, pointing finger on Ajit. In the trial in the session court, Ajit argues himself. The judge is impressed by his arguments. But the evidences are all against Ajit. However, it is the two children of Ranima whose evidences clinche the judgement in favour of Ajit. Ramnath is handed over to the police and Ajit gets Indira.(With inputs from the review of the film which appeared in the September 1941 issue of ‘Filmindia’ magazine).

The film had 10 songs of which 8 songs have been covered on the Blog as under:

Songs Date of Posting Singers
Aayi paschim se ghata naunihaalon jaago 02/03/2015 Devika Rani
Main to tumse bandhi rahoon 11/12/2015 Devika Rani
Mere jeewan ke pathh par chhaayi ye kaun 20/10/2020 Ashok Kumar-Devika Rani
Chhalko chhalko na ras ki gagariya 20/01/2021 Rajkumari
Kheencho kamaan kheencho 26/01/2021 Ashok Kumar-Suresh-Rewashankar
Pyaare pyaare sapne hamare Triple version song 06/02/2021 Ashok Kumar-Devika Rani-Suresh-Rewashankar

I am presenting the last and the final song ‘saanwariya re saanwaria’ which has two versions – a duet sung by Arun Kumar Mukherjee and Susheela and a solo sung by Arun Kumar Mukherjee towards the end of the film. The song is written by P L Santoshi which is set to music by Pandit Pannalal Ghosh. The audio clip of the song is longer by one stanza. Hence the lyrics of the song is based on the audio clip.

My guess is that Arun Kumar Mukherjee sings in both the versions of the song on himself. From the side profile of his face during the singing, I notice some resemblance of Ashok Kumar on his face who was his maternal cousin. In the star cast, the name of Arun Kumar is mentioned.

With this two-version song, all the song of ‘Anjaan’ (1941) have ben covered on the Blog.

Acknowledgement: Some of the information on the early life of Pandit Pannalal Ghosh has been sourced from pannalalghosh.com.

Audio Clip (Duet):

Video Clip (Duet):

Video Clip (Male Solo):

Song-Saanwariya re saanwariyaa (Anjaan)(1941) Singers-Arun Kumar Mukherjee, Susheela, Lyrics-P L Santoshi, MD-Pannalal Ghosh
Both

Lyrics(Based on Audio Clip)

saanwariya re saanwariya
saanwariya re saanwariya
chal chal re chal re saanwariya
chal chal re chal re saanwariya
saanwariya re saanwariya
chal chal re chal re saanwariya
ek nagariya ham donon ki
ek dagariya aa
ek nagariya ham donon ki
ek dagariya aa
chal re chal re saanwariya
saanwariya re sawariya
chal chal re chal re saanwariya

raah kanteeli door thikaana aa
raah kanteeli door thikaana
phir bhi hamko chalte jaana
raah katili door thikaana
phir bhi hamko chalte jaana
beet jaaye chaahe saari umariya
beet jaaye chaahe saari umariya
chal re saanwariya
haan
chal re chal re saanwariya
sawariya re sawariya
chal chal re chal re saanwariya

main tera rahoon tu meri rahe
main tera rahoon tu meri rahe
haan saanwariya re saanwariya
saanwariya re saanwariya

main tera rahoon tu meri rahe
jaise din ke saath ujhera rahe
main tera rahoon tu meri rahe
haan saanwariya re saanwariya
saanwariya re saanwariya

aabaad rahe ham tum donon
aabaad rahe ham tum donon
aabaad hamaara dera rahe
bajta rahe ye iktaara
bajta rahe ye iktaara
madhur preet ki baansuriya
madhur preet ki baansuriya
chal re saanwariya
haan
chal chal re chal re saanwariya
saanwariya re saanwariya
saanwariya re saanwariya
chal chal re chal re saanwariya
chal chal re chal re saanwariya


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4827 Post No. : 16606

‘Sipahsalar’ (1956) was produced by F C Mehra under his banner, Eagle Films and was directed by Mohammed Hussain. The star cast included Shammi Kapoor and Nadira in lead roles supported by Kamal Kapoor, Sham Kumar, Samson, S Nazir, Cuckoo, Helen, Kumkum, Uma Dutt, Jagdish Kanwal, Rajan Kapoor etc. It is apparent from what I have seen from a few photographs of the films on the internet that the film belongs to the genre of costume drama.

The producer of the film, Faqir Chand Mehra (29/08/1923 – 29/07/2008) was born in Peshawar. The family shifted to Bombay (Mumbai) in early 1940s when he got a job in Royal Indian Air Force on the ground duties. However, after some time, he got suspended from the Air Force for in-subordination. With a big family to be looked after, he started dabbling in various types of small businesses. Eventually, he got success in the small business of film distributions in Afghanistan. It all started with F C Mehra taking some cans of films to Kabul and showing in a theatre. With good responses from the local population, he started earning good money. So, this was the beginning of F C Mehra’s tryst with Hindi films.

F C Mehra expanded his business of film distributions in Mumbai. He even started buying rights for the distribution of films under productions. One of such films where he had bought the distribution rights was struck up. He took over the production of that film and completed the film. So, F C Mehra accidentally turned film producer with this film and his banner, Eagle Films was born. (I guess, the film was ‘Sakhi Lutera’, 1955).

‘Sipahsalar’ (1956) was F C Mehra’s first planned film as a producer. In this film, he repeated the director, Mohammed Hussain and most of the supporting cast from ‘Sakhi Lutera’ (1955) and also lyricist, Farooq Qaiser and music director, Iqbal. Hereafter, F C Mehra produced and released films on a regular basis covering the genres of costume, suspense, thriller, comedy, social drama etc. Some of his prominent films included ‘Mujrim’ (1958), ‘Ajee Bas Shukriya’ (1958), Ujaala’ (1959), ‘Singapore’ (1960), ‘Professor’ (1962), ‘Shikaari; (1963), ‘Amrapali’ (1966), ‘Prince’ (1969), ‘Laal Pathar’ (1971), ‘Manoranjan’ (1974), ‘Hamaare Tumaare’ (1977), ‘Sohni Mahiwal’ (1984), ‘Aakhri Adaalat’ (1988) etc.

According to his son, Umesh Mehra, his father used to get the daily shoot of his film processed on the same evening after the pack-up well before the digital era came when the film’s shoots are available to watch online. The rushes would be seen by him in the next day morning and will be discussed with the director, If need be, some parts of the shoots would be reshot. He was also probably first to compensate his film distributors when his films resulted in the losses to them. He had done so when ‘Amrapali’ (1965) did not perform well on the box office.

Besides, Eagle Films, the film production unit which was a partnership among his family members, F C Mehra had a stake in Natraj Studios, Andheri along with film producers, Shakti Samanta, Promod Chakravarty, Atmaram and others. He also owned Minerva theatre in Mumbai and Plaza theatre in Delhi in partnership with Shammi Kapoor and others.

Sometime in 2000, F C Mehra develops some medical problem which was diagnosed as dementia. Doctors had certified that F C Mehra was incapable of taking financial and legal decisions. The last 8 years of his life were spent in the midst of dementia and amnesia without being aware of what was happening around him. In 2006, a dispute arose between the elder son, Parvesh Mehra and three younger sons led by Umesh Mehra about their father’s property, a part of which was sold by Umesh Mehra by virtue of holding the power of attorney on behalf of his father. The matter went to the court which dragged on for a long time. In the meanwhile, F C Mehra died of massive heart attack on July 29, 2008 and his eldest son, Parvesh Mehra, the complainant in the court case, died in December 2020.

Coming back to ‘Sipahsalar’ (1956), Shri Arunkumar Deshmukh who had seen the film in the theatre, had written a synopsis of the film in the article covering one of the songs of the film on the Blog. The film has the usual story of a good king being overthrown by his evil prime minister. The story again runs on the usual pattern with the ousted king who has escaped to a neighbouring country, regrouping his forces to fight the evil prime minister. From his loyal forces, the king selects Shammi Kapoor as his Sipahsalar. He conducts raids with his troops in which he is captured. But Nadira saves him and they run away to the forest. From the photographs which I have seen, it appears that the film has all the required ingredients for box office success like romance, dances, stunts, fights, comical situations etc, Finally, the Sipahsalar successfully carries the campaign to regain the lost kingdom for his king at the cost of sacrificing his life.

‘Sipahsalar’ (1956) had five songs written by Farooq Qaiser and set to music by Iqbal. Four songs from the film have already been covered on the Blog as under:

Songs Date of Post Singer/s
aankhon mein aankhen daal ke 07/08/2012 Asha Bhosle-Rafi
dil ne chheda hai taraana 01/07/2013 Asha Bhosle-Talat Mehmood
madr e watan madr e watan 15/08/2017 Rafi
ajee o jee tumehn dekh jiya jale 13/09/2018 Geeta Dutt

I am presenting the fifth and the last and final song of the film, ‘ek anaar aur sau beemaar’, sung by Asha Bhosle and chorus. The song was not available on any video sharing platforms. I have made and uploaded the video clip of the song on a video sharing platform. From the lyrics as well as the garba beats, it would appear that the song was picturised on a group of dancers (led by either Cuckoo or Helen).

With this song, all the songs of the film have been covered on the Blog.

Acknowledgements: Some of the information about F C Mehra is sourced from an article written by Keyur Seta which appeared in Cinestaan. The references in the article about the court cases is sourced from indiankanoon.

Audio Clip:

Song-Ek anaar aur sau beemaar (Sipahsalar)(1956) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Farooque Kaiser MD-Iqbal
Chorus

Lyrics

ek anaar aur sau beemaar
ek anaar aur sau beemaar
mushkil mein hai mera pyaar
o saajna
mushkil mein hai mera pyaar
kis’se churaaun main apni nazren
kis’se churaaun main apni nazren
kis se karoon aankhen chaar
o saajna
mushkil mein hain mera pyaar

shaam suhaani ritu mastaani
haan ritu mastaani
main hoon akeli dagar anjaani
dagar anjaani
jaaun mein kaise uss paar
o saajna
mushkil mein hai mera pyaar
ek anaar aur sau beemaar
mushkil mein hai mera pyaar
o saajna
mushkil mein hai mera pyaar

tirchhi nazar hai jee baanki adaa hai
jee baanki adaa hai
meri adaaon pe duniya fida hai
jee duniya fida hai
lootoon main kiska qaraar
o saajna
mushkil mein hai mera pyaar
ek anaar aur sau beemaar
mushkil mein hai mera pyaar
o saajna
mushkil mein hai mera pyaar

ghaayal karoon main jiya tirchhi nazar se
haan tirchhi nazar se
?? zamaana main guzroon kidhar se
guzroon kidhar se
kiski sunoon main pukaar
o saajna
mushkil mein hai mera pyaar
ek anaar aur sau beemaar
ek anaar aur sau beemaar
mushkil mein hai mera pyaar
o saajna
mushkil mein hai mera pyaar


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4820 Post No. : 16593

In the early 1940s, New Theatres (NT) was going through some lean period as some of its films like ‘Meenakshi’ (1942), ‘Saugand’ (1942), ‘Kashinath’ (1943), ‘Waapas’ (1943) etc could not garner box office success. During this period, there were exodus of some of the artists and technicians from NT to Bombay. In this background, NT produced ‘Udayer Pathe’ (1944) in Bengali with some new artists, new technicians and also with a new director, Bimal Roy who was the Cinematographer and the Editor with NT. The film became a big box office success, recouping to some extent the lost glory of NT.

Buoyed by the fresh success, NT decided to remake Hindi version, ‘Hamraahi’ (1945) with more or less the same star cast that were in the Bangla version. The star cast included Binota Bose (her first and the last Hindi film as an actress) and Radhamohan Bhattacharya in the lead roles, supported by Tulsi Chakraborty, Rekha Mullick, Debi Mukherjee, Hiralal, Ramesh Sinha, Manorama, Maya Bose, Devbala etc.

Incidentally,as reported in The Daily Telegraph’s E-paper, the lead actor, Radhamohan Bhattachraya’s 100th birth anniversary was on September 27, 2021. Bangla film fraternity gathered in Kolkata to pay tribute to him especially by actors who had worked with him. At the end of the gathering, one of his film, ‘Udayer Pathe’ (1944) was screened for the audience.

‘Hamraahi’ (1945) did not get the same success at the box office as was with its Bangla version. DVD of ‘Hamraahi’ (1945) is not available for viewing on any of the video sharing platforms. So, I watched the Bangla version, ‘Udayer Pathe’ (1944) with English sub-titles. The story of the film is the theme of rich-poor conflicts. The idea of making the film on rich-poor conflicts may have come when NT produced a documentary film on the Bengal famine of 1943 which was directed by Bimal Roy. The story of the film is as under:

Anup (Radhamohan Bhattacharya) is a middle-class journalist staying with his mother and a sister, Sumitra (Rekha Mullick). Anup gets a job at industrialist, Rajendranath’ office as a as a Publicity Officer. He also writes speeches for Rajendranath (Ramesh Sinha in Hindi version) which are well appreciated and Rajendranath attains a status of an intellectual.

Anup meets Gopa (Binota Bose) in a library where he comes to know that Gopa is the daughter of Rajendranath whose wife had falsely accused his sister, Sumitra of stealing from his house when she attended a party on the invitation of her school friend, Gopa, Anup decides to leave the job. After some persuasion by Rajendranath’s son, Souren (Debi Mukherjee), Anup agrees to complete the speech he was writing for Rajendranath. Souren in return agrees to get Anup’s novel printed.

Gopa gets hold of the manuscript of Anup’s novel. After reading it, she is impressed with the viewpoints he has about the rich-poor class struggles. She starts meeting Anup quite often. In the meanwhile, the novel is printed and released but instead of Anup’s name, the novel carries the name of Sauren as the author. Anup is not in a position to prove the wrong-doing of Souren, Instead, he decides to take up the issues of the workers in factories of Rajendranath. Gopa also gets involved with workers’ union to understand their problems. Anup becomes popular among the workers and becomes the leader of the workers’ union.

Souren is not happy with this development. He hires goons to to disturb the workers’ meeting during which Anup gets hurt. Gopa arrives to take care of him. The next day, the photograph of Gopa with Anup becomes a scandalous news. Rajendranath bars Gopa from meeting Anup. He also visits Anup’s house requesting him not to meet Gopa in future which Anup agrees under the impression that Gopa regretted her decision to join him as told to him by Gopa’s father. But it was not true as Gopa decides to leave her father’s house to join Anup for the betterment of underprivileged.

It is interesting to note that the film ends with Gopa driving a car to catch-up with Anup who has decided to leave the place. As soon as she locates him walking on the road, she abandons the car and walks with Anup for ‘udayer pathe’ (new path of dawn). In a way, the film became ‘udayer pathe’ for Bimal Roy as well as a renowned director. Later, he directed ‘Do Beegha Zameen’ (1953) with more or less the similar theme of rich-poor conflicts.

Generally, in the films with the story of rich-poor conflicts, capitalists have been mostly shown as a ruthless exploiters of the working class. The leaders representing the working class have often been shown with militant attitude. In ‘Udayer Pathe’/Hamraahi’, Bimal Roy has shown the characters representing the capitalist and the labourer in a restraint manner. There are no rhetoric dialogues for one-upmanship. Even the romantic relationship between Anup and Gopa have been kept in a very restrain fashion. In the film, they meet mostly in the context of understanding and solving the problems of workers with an undertone of liking for each other.

The story of ‘Udayer Pathe’/Hamraahi’ was written by IPTA writer, Jyotirmoy Roy. After the tremendous success of ‘Udayer Pathe’, Jyotirmoy Roy wrote a full-fledged novel in Bengali on the subject which became among the best seller novel.

‘Hamraahi’ (1945) had 7 songs (including one song in Bangla) of which 5 songs have been covered in the Blog. I am presenting the 6th song, ‘hansi chaand ki aaj niraali’ sung by and picturised on Binota Bose. The song has been written by Munshi Zakir Hussain which is set to music by R C Boral. Actually, the tune of this song is almost the same as that of the Bangla version of the song, chander hasir bandh bhengechhe which was written and composed by Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore and used in ‘Udayer Pathe’ (1944).

I have watched the Bangla version of the song which is available in the film ‘Udayer Pathe’ (1944). The song has been beautifully picturised in a full moon light setting. I have given below the link to the Bangla version of the song just to get an idea as to how the song was picturised in Hindi version of the film. The background behind the song picturization is as under:

After attending the workers’ meeting, Gopa and Anup are on their way to return to their respective homes. On the way, they find moonlit path. Gopa desires to spend some time to enjoy the nature in the midst of moon light. It is at this point, Anup reminds her of the commitment she had made to sing a song for him. He says that it is a perfect setting for singing a song. She sings the song full of description of the nature (prakriti varnan) which is Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore’s one of the favourite themes. Munshi Zakir Hussain’s lyrics for Hindi version retains some parts of the ‘prakiriti varnan’ with some different imageries, probably to fit words in the pre-composed tune of Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore.

I heard both the versions of the songs only a few days back. But the songs often linger in my mind for the beautiful nature poetry woven with melodious tune.

Audio Clip:

Video Clip (Bangla version)


Song-Hansi chaand ki aaj niraali (Hamraahi)(1945) Singer-Binota Bose, Lyrics-Munshi Zakir Hussain, MD-MD-R C Boral

Lyrics

hmm hmm hmm hmm
hmm hmm hmm hmm
man ko lubhaanewaali ee ee
hansi chaand ki aaj niraali
man ko lubhaanewaali
andhere ko door hataa ke
phailaaye ujiyaali ee ee
hansi chaand ki aaj niraali

daudi hawaa chaman mein aaye ae
ye nahin jaane kaun bulaaye
ae ae ae ae ae ae
phool phool par man bharmaaye
phool phool par man bharmaaye
phirti daali daali ee ee
hansi chaand ki aaj niraali

aasmaan bhi jhoom rahaa hai
chandan tilak lagaaye ae ae
aasmaan bhi jhoom rahaa hai
chandan tilak lagaaye ae ae
phire magan hanson kaa jodaa
apne pankh milaaye
swarg desh ki kaun ye baalaa aa aa
dhoondh rahi phoolon ki maalaa aa aa aa aa
aaj ye kaise deep jalaati
kaisi ye deewaali ee ee
hansi chaand ki aaj niraali
man ko lubhaanewaali ee ee
hansi chaand ki aaj niraali


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4808 Post No. : 16576

Few days back, I came across an obscure song rendered by Janardan Tanjorkar from the film ‘Kuchh Naya’ (1948). The surname ‘Tanjorkar’ sounded odd to me. It was apparent that Janardan was from Tanjore (now Thanjavur). But why did he use a Maharashtrian sounding surname? Was he a Maharashtrian whose family migrated to Thanjavur during the reign of Marathas in the 17th and 18th centuries? A search on the internet revealed a very interesting family background of Janardan Tanjorkar.

Janardan Tanjorkar (1913-1980) was born in Baroda (now Vadodara) to Devdasi Kantimathi Amma and Appaswamy Pillai. Kantimathi was a Bharatnatyam dancer attached to Brihdhiswara temple in Thanjavur and her husband, Appaswamy Pillai was the Nattuvanar, a kind of a Guru and a Choreographer who accompanied the devdasi dancers as a dance master, the music conductor and the vocal percussionist. Janardan got his initial training from Kumbakonam Narayanswamy Iyer and Palghat Mani Iyer and learnt Mirdangam and Carnatic vocal.

Sometime in 1880-81, a troupe of two devdasi Bharatnatyam dancers, along with two Nattuvanars and musicians were sent to Baroda as a part of dowry during the marriage of Princess Chimanabai (born Laxmibai) of Thanjavur with Prince Sayajirao (III) Gaekwad of Baroda. Kantimathi Amma as a Bharatnatyam dancer and her husband, Appaswamy Pillai as Nattuvanar joined the troupe after a couple of years as replacement for an earlier dancer and Nattuvanar respectively. Kantimanthi and her cousin, Gowri performed the Bharatnatyam dance in the court of the Maharaja of Baroda on Wednesdays and Saturdays. That was the beginning of introducing Bharatnatyam outside the Madras Presidency to the western and later to the northern India. In Baroda, Appaswamy Pillai adopted the family name of ‘Tanjorkar’ in keeping with the Maharashtrian tradition.

In Baroda, Janardan Tanjorkar learnt violin and became a violin player in the court of the Maharaja of Baroda. Here, he came into contact with Ustad Faiyyaz Khan, a Hindustani classical vocalist with Baroda court who trained him as a Hindustani classical vocalist. Janardan also learnt playing other musical instruments like Saraswati Veena while in Baroda. Over a period of time, he learnt both Carnatic and Hindustani classical music and became experts in playing multiple musical instruments.

Janardan Tanjorkar moved to Mumbai sometime during the second half of 1940s and became a graded artist of All India Radio as a violinist and vocalist. He also taught violin to music students and accompanied the Bharatnatyam dancers as a violinist.

Janardan’s younger brother, Kubernath Tanjorkar was an exponent of Bharatnatyam and became Nattuvanar in the court of Maharaja of Baroda. Later, he was appointed as the Professor of Dance at the Faculty of Fine Arts of Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad University, Vadodara. After retirement, he established Tanjore Dance Music and Art Research Centre in Vadodara, Presently, his third generation is involved with the propagation of Bharatnatyam and Carnatic music at this centre.

Janardan Tanjorkar had three sons and five daughters. All the three sons – Venugopal, Shekhar and Dayanand are based in Mumbai and are connected with Bharatnatyam dance and music. His grand-daughter, Dr. Madhu Tanjorkar (daughter of Shekhar), is a solo violinist and vocalist, both in Carnatic and Hindustani classical music. She has taken Bharatnatyam and the classical music to Manchester and the northern part of the UK where she runs music schools besides participating in concerts in India and abroad.

This is an unique case where a dowry in the form of Bharatnatyam dance troupe resulted in the propagation of Bharatnatyam and Carnatic music, probably for the first time outside the then Madras Presidency in Vadodara. The troupe created the Thanjavur legacy of Bharatnatyam dance in the pure traditional form in the midst of a different cultural setting.

Janardan Tanjorkar had shifted his base in Mumbai during the second half of 1940s. However, it seems, he had no interest in singing in films. The only film song he sang during his life time was in ‘Kuchh Naya’ (1948). Probably, Ninu Mazumdar, the music director of the film knew Janardan as both were associated with All India Radio, Mumbai.

‘Kuchh Naya’ (1948) was produced by Kantilal Acharya under the banner of Shanti Pictures and was directed by Ninu Mazumdar who also wrote the story and was also the music director for the film. The star cast comprised of mostly newcomers with Sudha Rao and Ramesh Arora in the lead roles. They were supported by Ramesh Sinha, Purnima Chowdhary and Dube. It was a maiden film for Kantilal Acharya as a producer, Ninu Mazumdar as a director, Ramesh Arora and Purnima Chowdhary as actors.

I have no idea about the story of the film. As per the report on Filmindia magazine, the film was privately screened in August 1948 for Morarji Desai, the then Home Minister of Bombay State and other dignitaries. The home minister had congratulated the producer for the novelty of the theme. In the absence of the film, it is difficult to know as to what was the novelty in the story of the film. The title of the film would, however, suggest that the theme of the story may be something to do with the fresh thinking for the people of the post-independent India as to how to move forward to rebuild India.

The film had 10 songs of which one song has been covered on the Blog. Except for two songs – one each accredited to Meerabai and Amir Khusrau, the lyricist/s for the rest of the songs are not known. I am presenting the second song, ‘aisa desh hamaara santon’ rendered by Janardan Tanjorkar to appear on the Blog. The song is set to music by Ninu Mazumdar. From the lyrics of the song, iI guess it to be a background song.

Acknowledgement: The information on Janardhan Tanjorkar and family for the article is sourced from:

1. madhutanjorkar.wixsite.com

2. sangeethas.wordpress,com

3. Tanjore Dance Music and Art Research Centre

Audio Clip:

Song-Aisa des hamaara santon (Kuchh Naya)(1948) Singer-Janardan Tanjorkar, Lyrics-Unknown, MD-Ninu Majumdar

Lyrics

aisa des hamaara..aa
san n n ……ton
aisa des hamaara
aisa des hamaara
aisa des hamaara
santon
aisa des hamaara jee..ee
aisa des hamaara

ved kitaab jahaan nahin pahunche
ved kitaab jahaan nahin pahunche
kahat sunat se(??) nyaara
santon
aisa des hamaara jee..ee
aisa des hamaara

jaat varan kachhu
priya aa naahin
?? sandhya ?? man ??
jaat varan kachhu
priya aa naahin
?? sandhya ?? man ??
bin baadal kya bijli chamke
bin ravi ?? ujiyaara
aisaa..aa des hamaara…aa
san n n ……ton
aisa des hamaara


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4805 Post No. : 16573

‘Main Kya Karoon’ (1945) was produced under the banner of Flora Films and was directed by Sudhir Sen. The star cast included Suraiya, Hansa Wadkar, Pahadi Sanyal, Bikram Kapoor, Anil Kumar, Agha, Shah Nawaz, E Billimoria, Gulab, Cuckoo, Sunetra, Motibai, Ratan Piya etc. The film was released on July 12, 1946.

It is interesting to note from the advertisement of this film (which I have included in the video clip of the song) is that Cuckoo’s name appears in the cast list as ‘Kukoo’. The name of the dance director, ‘Prof. More’ appears prominently in the advertisement which is bolder than that of names of the supporting actors like Pahadi Sanyal, Shah Nawaz etc. I guess, ‘Prof. More’ is the same person as K S More (also spelled as ‘Moray’ or ‘Morey’) who was also the Dance Director to whom Cuckoo had married.

‘Filmindia’ in its October 1946 issue, had written a favourable review. While noting that the film had an usual story of a marriage tangle, the review had commended the work of the dialogue-writer in making an ordinary story into a fast-paced narratives thus sustaining the audience interest in the film. The gist of the story is as under:

Two head-strong fathers (Shah Nawaz and Bikram Kapoor) get their boy and the girl married in their childhood. Soon the fathers start quarrelling eventually cutting off their relationship. The girl comes back to her father house.

Both the boy and the girl lose sight of each other over a period of time. They have grown up in their own environments. One day both of them meet each other without knowing that they were married in their childhood. The hero (Agha) falls in love with the heroine (Suraiya) who is a bit hesitant because she thinks that she was a child widow. However, the hero convinces her for the marriage.

In the meanwhile, there is another development. The hero’s friend is in love with his sister (Hansa Wadkar) who is the friend of the heroine. Multiple misunderstandings develop between all the four main characters resulting in some humorous situations. Finally, the marriage tangle is solved to the satisfaction of all.

The fact that the film was released on July 12, 1946 and the review was published after about 3 months indicates that the film must have run for at least 3 months.

‘Main Kya Karoon’ (1945) had 8 songs – written by D N Madhok (7) and Rammurti Chaturvedi (1) which were set to music by Ninu Mazumdar. The Blog has so far covered 5 songs from the film. I am presenting the 6th song, ‘baamna ki chhori dil le gayi, baniye ka poot jiya le gaya’ rendered by Ninu Mazumdar and Hamida Bano. The song is written by D N Madhok.

This is a love song as a tete a tete between lovers in which there is a bit of teasing as well as the assessment of the then prevailing situation in India where inter-caste marriages were frowned upon. The boy admits that his heart has been taken away by a daughter of a brahmin. The girl retorts that her heart has been taken away by a baniya’s (trader’s) son. Then they talk about how they lost their heart to each other. The girl says that her beloved’s magical eyes, his fair complexion and smiles cast spell on her. The boy reminds his beloved that they have yet to cross the stumbling block of the respective families as both of them belong to different castes. The girl is confident that more than the caste and the family, it is the mutual love for each other that matters the most in the marriage.

I heard this song for the first time only a couple of days back and I immensely liked both the tune and the orchestration. Both the prelude and interlude orchestrations enhance the mood of the song. Another innovative use of the orchestration is instead of the short ‘musical fillers’ in-between lines of the song, there is what I would call it as ‘extra interlude’ orchestrations after the first four lines of the antara of the song to avoid monotony of the repeat of the lines thereafter.

With this song, only two songs from the film remain to be covered on the Blog:

1. Mai-e-gulgun hai jawaani hai by Rajkumari Dubey and Hamida Bano

2. Jaaniyaan maano hamri rasiya maano hamri by Hamida Bano

Audio Clip:

Song-Baamna ki chhori dil le gayi (Main Kya Karoon)(1945) Singers-Ninu Mazumdar, Hamida Bano, Lyrics-D N Madhok, MD-Ninu Majumdar

Lyrics

baamna ki chhori dil le gayi
ho o o o
baniye ka poot jiya le gaya..aa

baamna ki chhori dil le gayi
ho o o o
baniye ka poot jiya le gaya

gaagri utaaye jaaye
gaagri utaaye jaaye
pag to le
o kamar do bal khaaye
jaadu bhari aankh rang hai gora
jaadu bhari aankh rang hai gora

ho o o o
hans hans ke moh liya man mora
ho o o o
hans hans ke moh liya man mora
sukh lekar dukh de gaya

haay
sukh lekar dukh de gaya
ho o o o
baniye ka poot jiya le gaya..aa

baamna ki chhori dil le gayi
ho o o o
baniye ka poot jiya le gaya..aa

jaat begaani biraadari ka dar
ho ham pe lagi hai jaani sab ki nazar
pyaar mein biraadari na jaat koi
ho neh laga liya jo wo kare so hoi

jaat begaani biraadari ka dar
ho ham pe lagi hai jaan sab ki nazar
pyaar mein biraadari na jaat koi
o neh laga liya jo wo kare so hoi
sukh lekar dukh de gaya

haay
sukh lekar dukh de gaya
ho o o
baniye ka poot jiya le gaya..aa
baamna ki chhori dil le gayi
ho o o
baniye ka poot jiya le gaya..aa


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4803 Post No. : 16570

‘Chunariya’ (1948) was produced under the banner of Kuldeep Pictures of Lahore-based Kuldeep Sehgal which was his first film in Mumbai after partition. The film was directed by Ravindra Dave. The story, dialogues, screen-play and lyrics were written by Mulk Raj Bhakri. The production controller was his brother, Lekh Raj Bhakri. The star cast included Manorama and Wasti in the lead role with Randhir, Pran, Sophia, Cuckoo, Narbada Shankar, Mehdi Raza, Chand Burque, Baij Sharma etc in subsidiary roles.

It is interesting to note as to how the box office success of ‘Chunariya’ (1948) helped the career revival of some of the displaced persons from the Lahore film industry. Most of them had shifted to Mumbai after partition in 1947 almost penniless. Although the film was produced by Kuldeep Sehgal, according to character actor Janaki Das, it was Mulk Raj Bhakri along with his brother, Lekh Raj Bhakri who organized the actors and the crew, mostly among the displaced from Lahore film industry. Later, both Bhakri brothers floated their own film production companies and became producers/director.

The film’s director, Ravindra Dave was also a displaced person from Lahore film industry who came to Mumbai along with his brother Ramnarayan Dave and their maternal uncle, Dalsukh Pancholi. ‘Chunariya’ (1948) was his first directorial film in Mumbai. Ravindra Dave also floated his own film production company and became the producer-director of Hindi and Gujarati films. The acting career of Manorama and Pran, both from Lahore, took off in Mumbai from the success of ‘Chunariya’ (1948).

Music Director, Hansraj Bahl who started his career as the music director in Mumbai with ‘Pujaari’ (1946), was on the downhill after the continuous failures of about half-a-dozen films. He bounced back with good compositions of the songs for ‘Chunariya’ (1948) some of which became popular. Although, Geeta Dutt was the main female playback singer for the film, it was Lata Mangeshkar’ song, dil-e-naashaad ko jeene ki hasrat ho gayi tumse which became very popular. Similary, Mohammed Rafi’s song, sab kuchh lutaaya hamne aakar teri gali mein also became very popular.

‘Chunariya’ (1948) has the distinction of becoming a film in which Asha Bhosle sang her first song in Hindi film, ‘saawan aaya re saawan aaya jaage more bhaag’ along with Geeta Dutt and Zohrabai Ambalewaali in this film. However, according to Raju Bharatan who wrote Asha Bhosle’s musical biography, Asha Bhosle sang her first Hindi film song, ‘gareebon ke data gareebon ke waali’ in ‘Andhon Ki Duniya (1947) along with Zohrabai Ambalewaali. Unfortunately, as of now, both the songs are not available on any of the video sharing platforms. There may be some story as to why many on-line articles on Asha Bhosle consider the song in ‘Chunariya’ (1948) being her first Hindi film song rather than her song from ‘Andhon Ki Duniya’ (1947).

‘Chunariya’ (1948) had 10 songs – all written by Mulk Raj Bhakri of which 8 songs have already been covered on the Blog. The remaining two songs were not available on video sharing platforms for quite some time. Very recently, I am able to get mp3 clip of one of the two ‘missing’ songs which I have uploaded on a video sharing platform.

I am presenting the 9th song, ‘daaman se bandh gayi choli re, meri sakhi paraayi ho li re’ which is rendered by Geeta Dutt and chorus. From the wordings of the lyrics, it is apparent that it is a ‘Bidaai Song’ sung by bride’s friends.

Audio Clip:

Song-Daaman se bandh gayi choli re (Chunariya)(1948) Singer-Geeta Dutt, Lyrics-Mulkraj Bhakri, MD-Hansraj Bahl
Chorus

Lyrics

daaman se bandh gayi choli re
choli re daaman se
ho daaman se bandh gayi choli re
daaman se bandh gayi choli re..ae
choli re daaman se
ho daaman se bandh gayi choli re

em>mori sakhi paraayi ho li re..ae
ho li re daaman se
ho daaman se bandh gayi choli re

baabul kaa ghar chhod sakhi
kar pi kaa ghar aabaad
hoooooooo
piya prem mein kho na jaana
hamein bhi rakhna yaad
man har lenaa
saanwariya kaa
aa aa aa aa aaa
bol ke meethhi boli re..ae
boli re daaman se
ho daaman se bandh gayi choli re
daaman se bandh gayi choli re..ae
choli re daaman se
ho daaman se bandh gayi choli re

pi charanan mein baith sakhi
tum swarg ka sukh nit paana
ho ooo oo
unki charan dhool ka nis din
maathhe tilak lagaana
haan haan
har raat teri bane deewaali
ee ee ee ee eee
har din ho tera holi re
holi re daaman se
ho daaman se bandh gayi choli re
daaman se bandh gayi choli re..ae
choli re daaman se
ho daaman se bandh gayi choli re


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over THIRTEEN years. This blog has over 16600 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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(© 2008 - 2021) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

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Movies with all their songs covered =1280
Total Number of movies covered=4520

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