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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Anil Biswas Songs’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day : 4113 Post No. : 15264

Today’s song is from an old film Ek hi Rasta-39. The film was made by Sagar movietone. It was directed by Mehboob Khan and the music was by Anil Biswas. These two legends actually established themselves in the cinema industry through Sagar Movietyone, which rightly included their names in their list of ” Jewels of Sagar “.

Anil Biswas (7-7-1914 to 31-5-2003), however, had already done 9 films as a Music Director (Dharam ki Devi-35, Bharat ki Beti-35, Bal hatya-35, Shokh Dilruba-36, Sher ka panja-36, Sangdil Samaj-36, Prem Bandhan-36, Pratima -36 and Pyar ki Jogan-36) before coming to Saqgar Movietone. Of course, none of these films were famous or hits. He got success with his film Manmohan–36 from Sagar, first time. The film was also a Milestone for Sagar. Director Mehboob Khan (9-9-1907 to 28-5-1964) also had already directed one film – Al Hilal-35 very successfully and Manmohan- 36 was his second film as a director in Sagar, equally successful again.

The two became thick friends. Anil Biswas used to call him ‘ Mawali ‘ and Mehboob khan called him ‘ Bangali ‘. Cameraman Faredoon Irani also joined them and three friends enjoyed work and life together in Sagar and in National Studios, till, due to differences of work philosophies, these friends parted ways and Anil Biswas separated from the two others, never to work together ever again in life. They had worked together in 6 films (5 Sagar and 1 National Studios). Mehboob Khan directed 8 films for Sagar and 2 for National Studios. Anil Biswas was MD for 11 Sagar films and 2 films of National.

Film Ek hi Rasta-39 or The Only Way, was the first Multi-Hero film in India. It had 3 Heros and 2 Heroines. Heros were Shaikh Mukhtar, Harish and Arun Ahuja and Heroines were Anuradha and Jyoti. The real name of Anuradha was Khurshid Akhtar (same as Shyama). She was the youngest sister of actresses Miss Zohra and Mushtari. After Miss Zohra separated from her husband Rafiq Ghaznavi, Anuradha had married him. Jyhoti’s real name was Sitara Bai. She was singer actress Wahidan Bai’s younger sister. Nimmi was Wahidan’s daughter- who married singer G M Durrani.

Film Ek hi Rasta was based on two Hollywood films, namely ‘ The road back’-37 and ‘ Seventh Heaven’-37. The second world war had just begun. Mehboob tried to depict the ill effects of war in an artistic way in this film. The main Hero of the film was Arun Ahuja.

Arun Ahuja’s real name was Gulshan Singh Ahuja, a Sikh, born on 26-1-1918 at Gujaranwala (now in Pakistan). After the school education, he joined Mughalpura Engineering college and secured an Engineer’s degree in 1937. During his college life he had won the Best Football player of the year award. Mehboob Khan was on a Talent Hunt in Lahore. From among the 100 and odd candidates, his choice fell on the well built, athletic, dashing and handsome Gulshan. He was selected and brought to Bombay to act in film Ek hi rasta-39, with a screen name of Arun Ahuja. He was variously billed as Aroon, Arun, Aroon Kumar, Arun Ahuja etc.

His first film was an outstandingly successful hit film. Arun got roles in Bhole Bhale-39 and Civil Marriage-40. Later Mehboob khan took him for film Aurat 40, which he directed for National Studios. The versatile actor acted in over 25 films in 6 years, some of his films were Kanchan, Holiday in Bombay, Beti, Nurse, Savera, Return of Toofan Mail, Shankar Parvati, Andhera, Bharthari, Caravan, Amrapali etc. From 1945 onwards he became a Free lancer.

During the film Savera-42, he fell in love with his co-star – Nirmala. They got married on 5-5-1945. After marriage Nirmala (7-6-1928 to 15-6- 1996) completed 4 pending films and stopped working. Her last film Sudhar was released in 1949. In this film also she paired with Arun. Thus her last film also had her life partner. She acted in only 12 films, but she sang 63 songs in 23 films.

Arun Ahuja was in demand. He continued working in films. He set up his own production company – Arun Productions and he produced 2 films. One film Sehra was released in 1948, but the other film ” Jo hai saajan” remained unreleased for some reasons. Film Sehra was also a huge flop. Arun suffered heavy losses. He tried to work in films to compensate it, but now due to competition from new stars, new films were slow to come, so he did not get many films. His last film was Aulad-54. He had to sell all his property, bungalow, cars and jewellery. He shifted from his bungalow in Bandra to a chawl in far off suburb Virar, with his family, in 1962. Here his last son Govinda was born in 1963.

His health deteriorated. Nirmala decided to revive her singing, to help the financial difficulties of the family. . Composer A R Qureshi arranged her stage programme in Calcutta. It went off with tremendous success and offers started pouring in. She became famous as a Thumri singer. She did many jalsas in India and abroad. Their financial position improved. Their son Govinda also became a big star. He bought a house in Juhu and the family shifted to Juhu for the sake of convenience. However, Arun Ahuja continued to stay in Virar. He did not shift to Juhu.

Arun Ahuja died on 4-7-1998, two years after his dear wife’s death on 15-6-1996.

Film Ek hi rasta-39 was a hit film. Though it was a debut film of Arun, the benefit of the film being a hit went to the other Hero- Shaikh Mukhtar. The tall, strong and not so good looking actor had a meaty role in the film.All the sympathy of the audience went to him when he kills the person who accuses him falsely.

The second world war had just begun in 1939. The film, however, tried to stress that no problem is solved with a war. War is not a solution.Of course, wars do not care what films say. The II WW went on till August 1945, when the Germans were defeated and Hitler committed suicide, along with his lover, after marrying her in the last hour of their life. The Japanese had already surrendered. The film’s story has already been provided in one of the song-posts of this film, so I will not repeat it . The duet song was sung by Wahidan Bai and Anil Biswas.

Not much information is available on Waheedan Bai. Her younger sister Sitara Bai aka Jyoti and her own daughter Nawab Banoo aka Nimmi were actresses. Waheedan Bai was from a Tawayef family. Her daughter Nimmi, had always denied this-understandably too, but Waheedan Bai’s name gave away the true story.

Waheedan Bai belonged to a small town Fatehabad, near Agra. Her father’s name was Basheer khan. She was second amongst 4 sisters. The youngest was Sitara Bai aka Jyoti. Waheedan was a trained and good singer, but Tawayafs did not get social status, so she got married early to one Abdul Hakeem from Nasirabad, settled in Meerut. He had met Waheedan in a shrine in Agra, where she recited verses from Koran.

Soon after their marriage, His father, a contractor with Military, died and Hakim inherited the business. He was a novice and was cheated by his manager and they lost everything. The family moved to Calcutta to start a Leather business. Here also he failed. In Calcutta, their neighbour was director A.R.Kardar. Through his wife, Bahar, Kardar was contacted and he gave a small role to him in a film. Here again he got terrified and ran away, at the time of shooting.

Waheedan came forward and after hearing her singing, she was given a song in the film and it was recorded. Meanwhile Chandulal Shah offered her roles in his films. They shifted to Bombay and she joined Ranjit Movietone. Her first film was Toofani Toli-37. Prithvi Putra-38 was the second film. Her songs in her films were liked and became famous.She worked in other films like Prof. Waman, M.Sc.-38, Rikshawala-38, The Secretary-38 and Thokar-39.

She got acquainted with Mehboob Khan and he offered her lead role opposite Surendra in film Alibaba-40, a Sagar Movietone film initially, but later on sold to Ranjit of Chandulal Shah, in a game of gambling. Film Alibaba-40 was made in Hindi and Punjabi. The film songs became very popular. When Sagar merged into National Studios, she worked in film Sanskar-40.

Waheedan contracted T.B. and left films. She acted in only 8 films and sang 26 songs in 11 films-including her 8 films. She died in 1942.( based on information from the book- Sagar movietone by Biren kothari ji and my notes)

Here is the song. This will be only the 3rd song from this film to feature here. There were 12 songs in the film and the singers were Jyoti, Waheedan bai, Anil Biswas, Harish and Arun Ahuja.


Song-Mujhe mil jaayegi unki dagariya (Ek Hi Raasta)(1939) Singers-Anil Biswas, Wahidan Bai, Lyrics-Pt Indra Chandra, MD-Anil Biswas
Both

Lyrics

mujhe mil jaayegi ee
unki dagariya
mil jaayegi ee
unki dagariya
haan mil jaayegi
chaahe ghir-ghir aaye badariya
chaahe ghir-ghir aaye badariya
mil jaayegi ee
unki dagariya
mil jaayegi ee
unki dagariya
haan mil jaayegi

chaahe panchhi na bole
chaahe panchhi na bole
chaahe chandrmaa aankh na khole
chaahe panchhi na bole
unhe dhoondh nikaalegi hamri najariya
dhoondh nikaalegi hamri najariya
mil jaayegi ee
unki dagariya
mil jaayegi ee
unki dagariya
mil jaayegi

dwaar naya chhat nayi naya ghar
ghar ka sab saamaan naya
dwaar naya chhat nayi naya ghar
ghar ka sab saamaan naya
phir bhi sakhi kahin tikti nahin hai
phir bhi sakhi
phir bhi sakhi kahin tikti nahin hai
vyaakul
vyaakul hamri najariya aa aa
vyaakul
vyaakul hamri najariya

mujhe mil jaayegi unki dagariya
haan mil jaayegi ee unki dagariya
haan mil jaayegi

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4091 Post No. : 15233 Movie Count :

4186

Today’s song is from the film Vijay-42 – a very obscure film. The film was made by National studios. It was directed by Mohan Sinha. Lyrics of all the 10 songs of the film were by Dr. Safdar Aah Sitapuri, which were composed by Anil Biswas.

Due to heavy losses and the general effects of the second world war, Sagar Movietone was in the red and it joined hands with Yusuf Fazal Bhoy (of RCA)’s company General Films to start a new venture ” National Studios “, in which even Tatas invested some money. National studios made a total of 16 films, before it was wound up. Chimanlal Desai of Sagar left after the first 3 films,namely Aurat, Pooja and Sanskar – all in 1940, and started his own Amar pictures.

The cast of film Vijay was Durga Khote, Harish, Husn Bano, Sankatha Prasad, Vaskar, Maya Devi, Ansari, Agha etc etc.

In our life, there are times when we think of ” Lucky and Unlucky”. Human nature, in general is such that it tends to consider certain things as Lucky for him. It can be people, place or even inanimate things. I have noticed that mostly those people whose livelihood revolves round their physical performance, say like Sports, Acting or other artists believe in Lucky-Unlucky most. There was that famous Cricketer who always entered the playing field with his right foot first. Another one put on his left shoe first. Everybody’s method of wooing the Luck factor is different.

A performance industry like Film Industry is not immune from this Lucky-Unlucky factor. Individual actors or MDs, Lead Pairs, Film Titles, Film stories etc have been labelled Unlucky unabashedly, by the industry. Let us see some examples…

Composer Daan Singh had 6 films in hand, but 4 remained incomplete and only 2 got released. Even his 2 Rajasthani films remained unfinished. He was promptly labelled Unlucky and had to go back to his native place. Kamal Rajasthani had the same story. Out of 9 films on hand, 7 were unfinished and only 2 C grade films were released. He too was called Unlucky.

Rajendra Kumar- Waheeda Rahman was an unlucky pair. Dalsukh Pancholi gave them lead roles in his film ‘Nirmala’. He died and the film was shelved half way. Film ‘Palki’-67 was under making, when its director S U Sunny died. The film was somehow competed but it flopped miserably. Then S S Vasan brought them together in film Shatranj-69. He died during the shootings and it was left incomplete. In film Dharti-70, this pair was in lead, but the director’s mother died on the sets and the film was left stranded. Is it a wonder, if the pair was called ‘Unlucky’ ?

Another Unlucky pair was Dev Anand- Meena Kumari. In film Sanam-51, Meena Kumatri was a side Heroine. From this film Dev-Suraiya pair separated for ever. Its director Nandlal Jaswantlal started his downfall and subsequently died later. The pair came again in films Tamasha and Baadbaan , made by the employees of Bombay Talkies. Both films flopped and Bombay Talkies closed down for ever. Another of their film “Kinare Kinare” was delayed for almost 10 years, finally releasing in 1963, but flopped to such an extent that its producer Nyay Sharma got heart attack due to high debts. No one dared to bring this pair again in any film !

Finally, the curious case of unlucky actor Gajanan Jagirdar. In 1941, Jagirdar worked in Prabhat’s film ” Padosi”. After this film , V. Shantaram and Jayashree left Prabhat. In 1944, Jagirdar directed and acted in and as “Ramshastri” for Prabhat. During the film shooting, Prabhat’s partner Vishnupant Damle expired and Prabhat became rudderless. Third time when Jagirdar went to Prabhat to act as and in ” Lokmanya Tilak”, Prabhat not only closed down but was also auctioned ! Jagirdar acted in film “Mahatma” in English, Hindi and Marathi in 1953 for Alhad Chitra’s Datta Dharmadhikari. Due to high debts, the company not only closed down, but the wife of Dharmadhikari had to cook and make Tiffins to survive ! Finally, when he acted in film ” Shahir Parshuram”-61, made by Mangal pictures, the company closed down and was sold out ! No wonder, in film circles, Jagirdar was typedcast as ” Unlucky ” !!

Why I remembered this Lucky-Unlucky matter was the title of today’s film – Vijay. The name Vijay has a special significance in film industry. When Amitabh Bachhan was going through a real bad patch in his career, he got the film “Zanjeer”-73, by chance and this film changed his life for ever and he never looked back. This hit film had Amitabh as Vijay in it as his name. Amitabh was so much enamoured with the name Vijay, that he started insisting that in every film his name should be Vijay – for luck. And sure enough, in films like Deewar, Hera Pheri, Trishul, Shahenshah, Agneepath (My name is Vijay Deenanath Chavan), Shaan, Shakti, Don, Dostana etc he was named Vijay and the films succeeded. Even in film Sholey, his name was Jay – a short form of Vijay, to pair with name Veeru !

According to one film site, Amitabh was named Vijay in as many as 20+ films from 1973 to 2000. Since finding name Vijay successful, many other actors too wanted this name and consequently, Jeetendra was Vijay in 18 films, Mithun Chakrawarty was Vijay in 16 films. Additionally Shashi Kapoor in 7, Shatrughna Sinha in 6, Raj Babbar in 6, Jacky Shroff in 5, Sunil Dutt in 4 films. Further Govinda, Rajesh khanna, Vinod Khanna etc also had Vijay name by choice in their films.

So much for the concept of Lucky – Unlucky !

Film Vijay-42 was directed by Mohan Sinha. Mohan Sinha was born on 2-12-1903 at Indore. He studied upto Matriculation in Indore. His uncle was General Bhavnani Singh, who was in the Indore state army. With his help, Mohan got in state army as a Lieutenant. However, he did not continue for long and left the army. In 1933, he started a film company at Indore-Navyug films. But due to lack of opportunities in Indore, it was closed soon.

Mohan came to Bombay, floated Krishna Films and made and directed a film ” Fashionable India”-35. It was a hit film and he got offers from Rajputana films,General Pictures, Circo and National. He worked with all of them. Sinha went to Calcutta and started Murli pictures. He made ” Swaraj ke sipahi”-37, which was a flop. He came back to Bombay and directed Industrial India-38, for General films. Then came Swastik-39, Laxmi-40,Anuradha-40 and Vanmala-41. He floated Murari Pictures in 1942 and made Badlati Duniya-43 and Krishnarjuna yudha-45 ( This film was appreciated by Dr. Rajendra prasad, Dr. Shamaprasad Mukherji, Veer Savarkar and Acharya kriplani also)

In 1946, Mohan Sinha directed K L Saigal in Omar Khayyam, Surendra in 1857, Raj Kapoor in Dil ki Rani-47 and Dev Anand in Jeet-49. Mohan Sinha directed in all 32 films. He wrote lyrics for 62 songs in 7 films. His last film was Shaan E Hind-60. He died in 1984. Mohan Sinha’s granddaughter Vidya Sinha was an actress. Vidya’s mother was Mohan’s daughter and she died while giving birth to Vidya. From what I had read somewhere, Vidya’s father PRATAP RANA was so grief stricken that he refused to see his new born daughter and it was Mohan who brought her up and even named the little one after her Late mother VIDYA and gave her his own surname.

All the songs of film Vijay-42 were written by Dr.Safdar Aah Sitapuri. It was director Mehboob, who brought Safdar as a Lyricist for his film Aurat-40, made by National Studios. The composer was Anil Biswas. The pair of Anil Biswas and Safdar lasted for many films. In fact, Dr. Safdar wrote his last song for film Maan-54 for which Anil Biswas composed the music.

Dr. Safdar gave songs to many films of National Studios like, Asra, behan,Roshni, Roti, Vijay etc. His best known song was was the famous Mukesh song ‘ Dil jalta hai to jalne de” from Pehli Nazar-45. He wrote 197 songs for 28 films. He also tried his hand at directing 2 films, namely Bhookh-47 and Maan-54.

Today’s song is a very rare song. According to the uploader, our own Sadanand Kamath ji, it is probably the only song which used the word ” Dilchasp’ in the lyrics.

The song is very melodious and is a duet of Anil Biswas and Amar- an occasional singer. The real name of Amar was Nasir. He was from Punjab. He was born in 1920. After doing bit roles in some films,he got a major break in film Sanyasi-45,in which he sang 5 duets and 1 solo. His solo song,’ Tooti hui kashti’ became very popular.

In 1946,he was the Hero of film Bindiya, where Ragini ( who later migrated to Pakistan) was his Heroine. MD was Kamal Dasgupta, who gave him 3 songs.

Then he was Hero of Suraiya in Natak-47. He sang 1 duet with her and 2 solos. Later he did films like Maang, Lalaji, Vijay, Shukriya, Keemat etc. After 1950 he was doing character roles till 1970. He acted in total 89 films and sang 18 songs in 8 films. He died in 1980.

With this song, “Vijay”(1942) makes its debut in the blog.


Song- Haay dil haay dil (Vijay)(1942) Singers- Anil Biswas, Amar, Lyrics- Dr. Safdar Aah Sitapuri, MD- Anil Biswas
chorus

Lyrics

haay dil
haay dil
haay dil
haay dil

kaash khoya hua mera mil jaaye dil
kaash khoya hua mera mil jaaye dil
haay dil
haay dil
haay dil
haay dil

ye haseenon ka dilchasp baazaar hai
jisko dekho wo dil ka khareedaar hai
ye haseenon ka dilchasp baazaar hai
jisko dekho wo dil ka khareedaar hai
kaise bach kar yahaan se bhalaa jaaye dil
kaise bach kar yahaan se bhalaa jaaye dil
haay dil
haay dil
haay dil
haay dil

koi kahta hai dilwaale aana idhar
koi kahta hai dilwaale aana idhar
koi zaalim chalaata hai teer e nazar
koi zaalim chalaata hai teer e nazar

sa yahi chaahte hain ki mit jaaye dil
sab yahi chaahte hain ki mit jaaye dil
haay dil
haay dil
haay dil
haay dil

kaash khoya hua mera mil jaaye dil
kaash khoya hua mera mil jaaye dil
haay dil
haay dil
haay dil
haay dil


This article is written by Mahesh Mamadapur, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3647 Post No. : 14481

ASAD 10th Anniversary Celebrations – 3
———————————————————————

A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.
– Lao Tzu

main akela hi chala tha janib e manzil magar
log saath aate gaye aur karwaan banta gaya
– Majhrooh Sultanpuri

On 19 July 2008, a single step was taken by our Atul ji, the day on which the first song was posted on the blog. It was followed by yet another Roshan number the next day and the journey continues to this date and beyond, much akin to the above sh’er by Majhrooh Saab.

Looking back at the last decade, there is a deep sense of excitement and contention amongst all readers and especially the important contributors. However what is equally true is that the responsibilities and the hope of tracing and introducing obscure songs has only increased. This hope itself is the proof of the immense popularity that the blog enjoys all over the world.  I am sure the blog has become a one-stop destination for all readers in search for old Hindi songs and the correct and reliable information that it serves and continues to provide. About 4000 movies and nearly 15,000 songs covered, the blog has a visitors hits number of more than 10.5 million. Mind-blogging numbers indeed and one can only feel proud of being a part of this great musical extravaganza.

Since it is a special occasion of a decade of the blog’s existence, I suppose, I am at liberty to write a few words about my association with it.

Old Hindi Film songs were a common feature in my house, especially with SLBC and its special program ‘purani filmon ka sangeet’, which is played to this day and to which I am addicted to this day (ask our whatsapp group 🙂 ). With the advent of internet facility, the hobby of listening and gathering information naturally started dominating the searches. And, for people with music interest this blog was a no-escape and also a welcome addiction.

In the initial days, I just tried to absorb and admire the contents. It was not long that the longing to be a part of the blog started to grow. A few comments and corrections here and there started. Seeing that a lot of songs known to self were yet to be represented, I toyed with the idea of sending the lyrics. I ended up sending lyrics for 3-4 songs, but the greed to get more involved did not stop.

It was then that I starting writing posts. After a few posts and with the ideas and plots for writing posts difficult to come by, I started a mini-series on Mukesh and his composers. There is a small contribution of self in this series with 14 posts and 04 posts in another series titled Mukesh and his co-singers. Apart from the posts on Mukesh, I feel proud to have written about Rafi saab, Talat saab and Lata Mangeshkar. There are individual posts on Shamshad Begum, Uma Devi, etc. I have also written about Ghulam Mohammed and Shankar Jaikishan whose compositions, I enjoy immensely.

Of the 30 odd posts, “Sab Thhaath Pada Reh Jaavegaa” has had a great influence on me and especially the verses.

jo paaya hai wo baant ke kha
kangaal na kar kangaal na ho o
jo sab ka haal kiya toone
ek roz wo tera haal na ho o

is haath se de us haath se le
ho jaave sukhi ye jag saara

There was time when some songs of Mukesh were not to my liking. This view is particularly for a few songs at the fag end of his career wherein you find him singing all types of songs without the Midas touch of late 1940’s and 1950’s. Not having understood the lyrics properly, I had counted the above song also in that category. However, while writing the post and especially after Sudhir ji’s English translation, the song seems to be nothing short of philosophy of life that one must follow.

And then, “Lo Mil Gayi Degree Pyaar Ki” had its own story before it was put up as a post. A virtual Kishore Kumar solo was converted into a Mukesh post just because he had two words in the song. It was the last song of Mukesh-Roshan to be introduced to the blog and there was no way, I could lose the opportunity. Many eminent personalities were contacted who held different views on how Mukesh could fit in as he was not part of the movie etc.

Lastly, “Gokul Nagri Jaana” remains the oldest song sung by Mukesh on the blog. I have special memories of writing this post, as I was aware that I had touched upon a gold mine of 06 special songs of his career. Two of them remain untraced to date, but then there have been many surprises on this blog and I am sure all six will be accounted for.

The past year has been hectic for me from job and work point of view. However, with this post, I have barely managed to avoid the guilt of not having contributed for an entire year. I expect saner time allotment for this hobby again.

Coming back to the blog, I consider the following to be a few unique and unparalleled aspects about it.

  • Accuracy and authenticity of the contents
  • Complete and correct lyrics
  • Responsible, authoritative and sound contributors
  • The classification and arrangement of songs under various heads
  • Easy accessibility of information on Hindi songs
  • Common platform for like-minded Hindi songs enthusiasts
  • Due recognition and importance accorded to various artists
  • Accurate statistics of songs and artists contribution.

There could more important USP’s of the blog; however, the following two aspects are also quite important.

  • Opportunity for contributors to pen their thoughts on the blog
  • A unique friendship circle amongst the regulars

I think every reader and especially the contributors can never thank Atul ji and Sudhir ji enough, to acknowledge and appreciate the opportunity given to us to pen down our thoughts and represent songs on the blog. This is a very selfless and noble deed of Atul ji. Like-minded people met online on this blog and started a very special and unique circle, with quite a few sessions, visits etc. A whatsapp group is also formed with a few of the regulars and is more active than the blog itself now. 🙂

For me personally, the opportunity to interact with Mr. Harish Raghuwanshi ji was a great personal fulfilment. He has always helped me with my lists in the posts and also with information which would have been nearly impossible to trace elsewhere. Similarly, being in touch with eminent film historians and authors and knowledgeable personalities such as Shri Arun Kumarji, Harmandir Singh ji and many others has added new dimensions to our lives. In a fast moving world with technological advances, catching up with matters of yesteryears is so soothing and heart fulfilling. When we talk of ‘good old days’, here is a platform that binds us together.

Coming back to the series on Mukesh, a sort of regret that will always remain with me is not having a post on the collaboration of Mukesh with composer Anil Biswas. People fond of Hindi music need no explanation to elaborate the influence of Anil Da and stepping stone in Mukesh’s singing career with reference to “Dil Jaltaa Hai To Jalne De”Of the 22 odd songs that Mukesh sang for Anil Da, all have been covered on the blog. Not to give a sense of false hope, I would like to clarify that the song that I am presenting here today has nothing to do with Mukesh.

Instead, I would like to write on Anil Biswas.

What can one write about the ‘Bhishm Pitamah’ of Hindi film music that has not been written earlier. A pioneer of playback singing in India and the composer who gave the initial breaks to singers like Parul Ghosh, Meena Kapoor, Mukesh, Talat Mahmood, Sudha Malhotra etc. He is credited with coaching Lata Mangeshkar with breath control techniques during recording of songs. Begum Akhtar’s timeless classics in the film ‘Roti’ (1942) were scored by him. Mukesh, Talat Mahmood, Suraiya et al have sung several of their classic songs under his composition. Lata having sung under various composers has a lot of numbers under his composition too and these songs will always remain on a higher plane. The fame achieved by the songs in ‘Kismet’ (1943) will be discussed and mentioned for a very long time.

There is enough material on the net on Anil Biswas, his life in Mumbai and Delhi, the many pioneering aspects of his compositions, how the mighty composers of later-years were his assistants earlier etc. And then there is also a detailed wikipage dedicated to him. However, I would like to draw the attention of readers to AK ji’s blog songsofyore.com.

Seventh of July, last week was the birth anniversary of Anil Da. Four years back, 2014 was his centenary year and the AK ji’s blog has a wide range of tributes and had dedicated an entire year on Anil Biswas starting with his daughter’s introductory post which one can find here. The eighth and last post on this special series can be found here.

The last post referred above also contains in its first paragraph links to the other six posts on Anil Biswas posted in his centenary year. I think die-hard fans of Anil Da can look no further than these posts to enjoy the complete range of his compositions for various artists and well himself.

Yes, he did sing for himself and I present here one such song composed and also sung by him.

I have no words to express my happiness in writing this post and introducing the song composed as well as sung by Anil Biswas to the blog. The immense gratitude to Atul ji and Sudhir ji for giving me yet another opportunity to write goes without saying.

This solo song is from the film ‘Ek Hi Raasta’ (1939). Only one of the potential twelve songs in the film has been posted on the blog so far and this is only the second song from the film to be posted.

To conclude the post, I once again congratulate Atul ji and Sudhir ji on this stupendous achievement of one decade of existence of the blog. There is a long way to go and many more milestones to be achieved. As we complete one decade of existence and march into the second, then to silver jubilee and beyond, the journey itself has become the destination for Atulites.

Long live the music of vintage and golden era, long live the passion of Atulites and long live the longevity of the blog. 🙂


Song – Bhai Hum Pardesi Log Hamen Kaun Jaane  (Ek Hi Raasta) (1939) Singer – Anil Biswas, Lyrics – Pt Indra Chandra, MD – Anil Biswas

Lyrics

bhai hum pardesi log
hamen kaun jaane
o bhai hum pardesi log
hamen kaun jaane
na koi apna na koi apni..ee..ee
sabhi paraaye log
na koi apna na koi apni
sabhi paraye log
hamen kaun pehchane re  
bhai hum pardesi log
hamen kaun pehchane re
bhai hum pardesi log  
hamen kaun jaane
 
khud hi rijhaaen khud man jaaen
chaahe ramaaye jog
khud hi rijhaaen khud man jaaen
chaahe ramaaye jog
chaahe bane diwaane re bhai
chaahe bane diwaane re bhai
hum pardesi log  
hamen kaun jaane
 
sab se milte phir bhi akele..ey..ey
sab se milte phir bhi akele..ey..ey
apne dil ka rog  
apne dil ka rog
koi kya jaane re bhai
koi kya jaane re  
bhai hum pardesi log  
hamen kaun jaane
o bhai hum pardesi log
hamen kaun jaane  
na koi apna na koi apni
sabhi paraaye log
na koi apna na koi apni
sabhi paraaye log
hamen kaun pehchane re
bhai hum pardesi log
hamen kaun pehchaane re
bhai hum pardesi log
hamen kaun jaane
o bhai hum pardesi lo..o..ogg

————————————–
Devnagri script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
—————————————

भई हम परदेसी लोग
हमें कौन जाने
ओ भई हम परदेसी लोग
हमें कौन जाने
ना कोई अपना ना कोई अपनी॰॰ई॰॰ई
सभी पराये लोग
ना कोई अपना ना कोई अपनी
सभी पराये लोग
हमें कौन पहचाने रे
भई हम परदेसी लोग
हमें कौन पहचाने रे
भई हम परदेसी लोग
हमें कौन जाने

खुद ही रिझाएँ खुद मन जाएँ
चाहे रमाएं जोग
खुद ही रिझाएँ खुद मन जाएँ
चाहे रमाएं जोग
चाहे बने दीवाने रे भाई
चाहे बने दीवाने रे भाई
हम परदेसी लोग
हमें कौन जाने

सबसे मिलते फिर भी अकेले॰॰ए॰॰ए
सबसे मिलते फिर भी अकेले॰॰ए॰॰ए
अपने दिल का रोग
अपने दिल का रोग
कोई क्या जाने रे भाई
कोई क्या जाने रे
भई हम परदेसी लोग
हमें कौन जाने
ओ भई हम परदेसी लोग
हमें कौन जाने
ना कोई अपना ना कोई अपनी
सभी पराये लोग
ना कोई अपना ना कोई अपनी
सभी पराये लोग
हमें कौन पहचाने रे
भई हम परदेसी लोग
हमें कौन पहचाने रे
भई हम परदेसी लोग
हमें कौन जाने
ओ भई हम परदेसी लो॰॰ओ॰॰ओग


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3604 Post No. : 14384

Today is the fifteenth remembrance day for Anil Biswas, one of the pioneering music directors of film industry in India. He passed away on 31st May in New Delhi, in the year 2003. With his active years in the film industry (from 1935 to 1965) behind him, he had moved to Delhi by mid 1960s. Thereafter, he worked with the All India Radio in New Delhi, and was also associated with JNU (Jawaharlal Nehru University).

As I am checking his filmography and the list of songs, as per the Geet Kosh, I come across a very interesting statistic. As per Geet Kosh, during his active years in the film industry from 1935 to 1965, he composed music for 82 films, of which three are unreleased films with songs available. The total of songs in these films comes to around 715.

Then I counted his body of work in the first six years of his career in films, i.e. from 1935 to 1940. Amazing to find out that in these first six years he has composed music for 25 films, logging in approximately 220 songs. This works out to be a tad over 30%, both in terms of number of films and total no. of songs composed. So in the first six years of his career (which is 20% of his career), he had already accomplished 30% of all the work that he would do for Hindi films. And now to the sad part of these numbers. Of these 220 songs, more than half i.e. 137 were not even released on gramophone records (as per Geet Kosh listings). Of the remaining shortlisted songs, just about 80 to 85 songs are available in public domain. This last number is as per my knowledge of available songs within the known circle of collectors – this number could be more.

A large part of this work from those six earliest years remains unknown and unheard – a sad commentary on the state of affairs of archiving and preservation efforts in the industry.

In remembrance of this doyen of music directors, I present this rare song today, which has an important distinction. As per the Geet Kosh listings, this most likely the earliest song that he has sung, under his own music direction, that is available. The Geet Kosh lists one earlier solo credited to him as a singer, for the film ‘Dharam Ki Devi’ of 1935, which was probably never released on gramophone record. This song from the 1936 film ‘Piya Ki Jogan’ apparently is his earliest recorded song that is available in public domain. It is a duet in which the accompanying voice is of Sardar Akhtar.

The film ‘Piya Ki Jogan’ was produced under the banner of Golden Eagle Movietone, which, very interestingly, is listed as being based in Sindh. The region of Sindh could mean Karachi, but I am not sure about it. The film was directed by Heeren Bose. The cast of actors is listed as Sardar Akhtar, Pramod Chandra, Krishna Kumari, Merwan Irani, D Manik, Ashalata, Vasu HK, Sheila, Agha Jaan, Bannerjee, Niranjan Singh, Mehar Banu, and Anil Biswas himself. Now this throws up interesting question whether Anil Da is singing for himself on screen. The year is 1936, and the playback mechanism is just beginning to get a foothold in the industry. He could be singing for himself, since he is listed as an actor. Or he could be singing for someone else – being the last name in the listing generally implies a role with less importance. Once again, I cannot be sure.

Another interesting tidbit here. The cast of actors also contains the name Ashalata. This could well be the first film that they worked on together. I request other knowledgeable readers and friends to please comment on this observation.

The lyricist credits are listed as Munshi Zahiruddin, Niranjan Singh, and Meerabai (one of the songs in the film is a bhajan credited to her). The uploader of this song on YT, Shri Shalin Bhatt, identifies Munshi Zahiruddin as the writer of this song.

The song itself does not have too many wordy lines. There are passages of laughter and pauses. The song appears to be an exchange between a lady and a gentleman, having some good time together. I request other knowledgeable readers and friends to kindly add more information about this film and this song, if available.

With this rare and uniquely important song, the blog pays its homage to Anil Da, on this anniversary of his passing away.

[Auth Note: Some translations,
“sahn e baag” = open space, compound containing a garden
“abr e bahaar” = clouds of spring; or clouds of good season
“baadaah e khvaar” = one who drinks liquor]

[Ed Note: The song is uploaded on YT by Shalin Bhatt ji.]

Song – Saaqi Ho, Sahn e Baag Ho  (Piya Ki Jogan) (1936) Singer – Anil Biswas, Sardar Akhtar, Lyrics – Munshi Zahiruddin, MD – Anil Biswas

Lyrics

haa haa haa haa
haa haa haa haa
he he he

saaqi ho
sahn e baag ho
abr e bahaar ho
saaqi ho
sahn e baag ho
abr e bahaar ho
oo ho

pehlu mein tum hamaare
ae sanam
baadah e khvaar
saaqi ho
sahn e baag ho
abr e bahaar ho
saaqi ho
sahn e baag ho
abr e bahaar ho
oo ho

haa haa haa
haa haa haa

bas
itna hi
. . .
aur kuchh
. . .
ab suno

saawan ka ho mahina
din ho jalaa hua
saawan ka ho mahina
din ho jalaa hua
nanhi nanhi boondon ki barsi phuaar ho
nanhi nanhi boondon ki barsi phuaar ho

haa haa haa
haa haa haa
haa haa haa
haa haa haa
haa haa haa
haa haa haa

jhoola padaa hua ho
kisi shah e mahal mein

jhoola padaa hua ho
kisi shah e mahal mein

ik din(?) se khush gul koi gaata malhaar ho
ik din(?) se khush gul koi gaata malhaar ho

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————
हा हा हा हा
हा हा हा हा
हे हे हे

साक़ी हो
सहन ए बाग हो
अब्र ए बहार हो
साक़ी हो
सहन ए बाग हो
अब्र ए बहार हो
ओ हो

पहलू में तुम हमारे
ए सनम
बाद ए खार हो
साक़ी हो
सहन ए बाग हो
अब्र ए बहार हो
साक़ी हो
सहन ए बाग हो
अब्र ए बहार हो
ओ हो

हा हा हा हा
हा हा हा हा

बस
इतना ही
॰ ॰ ॰
और कुछ
॰ ॰ ॰
अब सुनो

सावन का हो महिना
दिन हो जला हुआ
सावन का हो महिना
दिन हो जला हुआ
नन्ही नन्ही बूंदों की बरसी फुहार हो
नन्ही नन्ही बूंदों की बरसी फुहार हो

हा हा हा हा
हा हा हा हा
हा हा हा हा
हा हा हा हा
हा हा हा हा
हा हा हा हा

झूला पड़ा हुआ हो
किसी शाह ए महल में

झूला पड़ा हुआ हो
किसी शाह ए महल में

इक दिन(?) से खुश गुल कोई गाता मल्हार हो
इक दिन(?) से खुश गुल कोई गाता मल्हार हो


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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has more than 15300 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

15301

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1180
Total Number of movies covered =4215

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