Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘patriotic NFS’ Category


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5141 Post No. : 17101

Greetings to all the readers of the Blog on the occasion of आजादी का अमृत महोत्सव on the 75th Year of Independence of India today, August 15, 2022. Independence Day is the reminder to all of us about the sacrifices a large number of Indians made during the freedom struggle to achieve independence on August 15, 1947. Thanks to the history books, the present generation is aware of the sacrifices for the independence struggle, made by Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Lala Lajpat Rai, Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal, Shaheed Bhagat Singh, Chandra Shekhar Azad and many more. But lets us not forget to remember hundreds of other freedom fighters whose sacrifices, by and large, remained in anonymity. One such name which I came to know recently was that of Vidyadhari Bai, a tawaif (courtesan) who, apart from composing and singing patriotic songs in her musical performances, she also provided financial and logistic support to freedom fighters.

A few months back, I had purchased Amritlal Nagar’s Hindi book ‘Ye Kothewalian’ (1958) which gives an account of the life of some courtesans of the early 20th Century. In this book, there is a chapter on Vidyadhari Bai of Jesuri in Chandauli block of the then Banaras district. There is also an addenda chapter which gives an account of Mahatma Gandhi’s meeting with some courtesans of Banaras sometime in 1921 during which he advised Vidyadhari Bai to sing nationalist songs while giving her musical performances in big cities and in princely states. Accordingly, she wrote and rendered some patriotic songs in all her concerts. The courtesans of Banaras formed a Tawaif Sabha to support the independence struggle. Husna Bai, one of the prominent courtesans of Banaras chaired the meeting of the Sabha during which she acknowledged that it was at the initiative of Vidyadhari Bai that Tawaif Sabha was formed.

Saba Dewan’s recent book ‘Tawaifnama’ (2019), more or less, confirms that Vidyadhari Bai organised a series of smaller meetings at her home to enthuse other courtesans to the cause of the non-cooperation movement. She was joined in these efforts by another courtesan, Sultana who too had been closely tracking the unfolding political scenario. Both of them prevailed upon Husna Bai to call a meeting of the entire community to work out the details of the agenda. Tawaifs, who actively participated in the mutiny of 1857, would once again have to come forward and contribute their bit to the nationalist cause. This was not just their duty as daughters of India but also the need of the hour if they did not wish to be consigned to the dustbin of history. They also felt that times were changing and tawaifs too would have to keep pace with fast-changing social and political scenarios in India.

Vidyadhari Bai was a contemporary of Gauhar Jaan. She was born in Jesuri village in present Chandauli district. Her grandfather, Purushottam Rai was a musician. There is confusion as to which year she was born – 1874 or 1881? She got musical training from Pandit Ram Sumeru Mishra, a Sarangi player and later from Ustad Naseer Khan of Darbhanga. She started singing in her early teens with Jayadev’s poems. With this, she became so famous that she started getting invitations from royal courts all over India for her concerts. She became the court singer in the court of Raja of Banaras. She excelled in khayaal, taraana, thumri, dadra, tappa, ghazal and bhajans. It is said that her singing voice was so mesmerizing that even the passer-by would be tempted to attend her concerts. She was so popular that in her concerts, to witness her performances, a large number of people were perforce standing in the back due to shortage of space for sitting. Besides Hindi and Urdu, she was a proficient singer in Marathi, Gujarati, Bangla and Punjabi languages.

Vidyadhari Bai was a fashion icon for the ladies of the royal and landlords’ families. However, after Mahatma Gandhi’s call to shun foreign goods, she stopped wearing jewelries and imported cloth. In all her concerts, she would render at least one patriotic song. Probably, she was the first courtesan to perform mujra by singing patriotic songs.

In her native village, Jesuri, Vidyadhari Bai had constructed a one-story bungalow with some out-houses which became the perfect hideout for freedom fighters to avoid arrest from the British police. During this period, she used to provide financial assistance to them besides regularly donating some part of her income for the cause of India’s freedom movements.

In the early 1940s, probably when the old age had caught up with Vidyadhari Bai and with the decline of the tawaif system, she returned to Jesuri and stayed in her house with her brother’s family. Since she used to donate a large part of her earnings for the cause of freedom movements and also help financially the freedom fighters’ families, she did not have much savings during the latter part of her life. During this period, she started teaching musical lessons to students free of charge.

Vidyadhari Bai had a premonition that her end was near. So, she shifted to Mukti Bhavan in Banaras on May 9, 1971. On the very next day, May 10, 1971, she breathed her last in her 90s, unsung and in anonymity. As per her own submission, she did not get any recognition or honor from the Government.

As mentioned earlier, Amritlal Nagar’s ‘Ye Kothewalian’ (1958) included a letter from Vidyadhari Bai about her meeting with Mahatma Gandhi in Banaras. She wrote in the letter that on his suggestion, some courtesans had decided to start their musical performances with renditions of nationalist songs. Lyrics of one such song written and sung by her, “Chun Chun Ke Phool Le Lo” was included in the letter. She said in the letter that she rendered this song in all her performances despite the presence of policemen from the police stations of the areas of her performances for keeping a close watch on the visitors. The song lives on today – it was included in Hindustani classical singer Shubha Mudgal’s album, ‘Swadheenta Samar Geet’ (2008), a collection of songs from the freedom movement.

On the occasion of the 75th Independence Day, I am presenting the same song rendered by Shubha Mudgal. The music was composed by her husband, Aneesh Pradhan. While composing the song, he has used mainly harmonium and tabla probably to give a feel of the period during which Vidyadhari Bai had rendered this song. In 2011, the couple collaborated with theater director Sunil Shanbhag on a musical drama ‘Stories in a Song’, one episode of which recreated Mahatma Gandhi’s meeting with the courtesans of Tawaif Sabha.

This song takes us back to more than a century to recreate a part of the history of India’s freedom movements.

————————————————————————————————————————————————-

Acknowledgements: In addition to the books I mentioned in my article, I am also thankful to ‘Sureele Dinon Ki Daastan’ and Dr. Manish Kumar Mishra for their videos on Vidyadhari Bai which gave some useful additional information on her.

Audio Clip:

Song-Chun chun ke phool le lo (Shubha Mudgal NFS)(2008) Singer-Shubha Mudgal, Lyrics-Vidyadhari Bai, MD-Aneesh Pradhan

Lyrics

aaa aaa aaa aaa aaaa aa
aaa aaa aaa aaa aaaa aa
aaa aaa aaa aaa aaaa aa
aa aa aa aa aaaa

chun chun ke phool le lo o o….o
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye ae
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye ae
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye

aa aa aa aaaaa aa aaaa
ye wo chaman nahi hai….ai ae ae
ye wo chaman nahin hai
lene se ho ujaad
ye wo chaman nahin hai
lene se ho ujaad
ulfat kaa jismen kuchh bhi
ehsaan rah na jaaye
ulfat kaa jismen kuchh bhi
ehsaan rah na jaaye
bhar do jawaan bandon
jailon mein chaahe bhar do
bhar do jawaan bandon
jailon mein chaahe bhar do
maata pe koi hota qurbaan rah na jaaye…..ae
aa aa aa aaaaaaa aaa
aa aa aa aaaaaaa aa
maata pe koi hota qurbaan rah na jaaye
chhal-o-fareb se tum Bharat kaa maal looto
chhal-o-fareb se tum Bharat kaa maal looto
iske liye yaa koi saamaan rah na jaaye
iske liye yaa koi saamaan rah na jaaye
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo….o

Bharat na rah sakega hargij ghulaamkhaana….aaaaaaa aa
Bharat na rah sakega hargij ghulaamkhaana
aazaad hoga hoga
aaya hai wo zamaana
aazaad hoga hoga
aaya hai wo zamaana..aa
khoon khaulne laga hai….ai ae
khoon khaulne laga hai ab Hindustaniyon kaa
khoon khaulne laga hai ab Hindustaniyon kaa
kar denge zaalimon ke band bas jurm dhaana
kar denge zaalimon ke band bas jurm dhaana..aa
qaumi tirange jhande pe jaan nisaar unki
qaumi tirange jhande pe jaan nisaar unki
Hindu Masih Muslim gaate hain ye taraana
Hindu Masih Muslim gaate hain ye taraana
aa aa aaaaa
parwaah ab kise hai…ai ae
parwaah ab kise hai
iss jail-o-daman ki
parwaah ab kise hai
iss jail-o-daman ki
ik khel ho raha hai
phaansi pe jhool jaana
ek khel ho raha hai
phaansi pe jhool jaana
Bharat watan hamaara
Bharat ke ham hain bachche
Bharat watan hamaara
Bharat ke ham hain bachche
maata ke waaste hai manzoor sar kataana
maata ke waaste hai manzoor sar kataana
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye ae
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo….ooo
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye ae
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo………o

————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
————————————————

आ आ आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ आ आ

चुन चुन के फूल ले लो॰॰ओ
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये

आ आ आ आsss आ आsss
ये वो चमन नहीं है॰॰ऐ
ये वो चमन नहीं है
लेने से हो उजाड़
ये वो चमन नहीं है
लेने से हो उजाड़
उल्फ़त का जिस में कुछ भी
एहसान रह ना जाये
उल्फ़त का जिस में कुछ भी
एहसान रह ना जाये
भर दो जवान बंदों
जेलों में चाहे भर दो
भर दो जवान बंदों
जेलों में चाहे भर दो
माता पे कोई होता क़ुरबान रह ना जाये॰॰ए
आ आ आ आsssss आ
आ आ आ आsssss आ
माता पे कोई होता क़ुरबान रह ना जाये
छल औ फरेब से तुम भारत का माल लूटो
छल औ फरेब से तुम भारत का माल लूटो
इसके लिए या कोई सामान रह ना जाये
इसके लिए या कोई सामान रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो॰॰ओ

भारत ना रह सकेगा हरगिज़ ग़ुलामखाना आ आ
भारत ना रह सकेगा हरगिज़ ग़ुलामखाना
आज़ाद होगा होगा
आया है वो ज़माना
आज़ाद होगा होगा
आया है वो ज़माना॰॰आ
खूँ खौलने लगा है॰॰ऐ
खूँ खौलने लगा है अब हिंदुस्तानीओं का
खूँ खौलने लगा है अब हिंदुस्तानीओं का
कर देंगे ज़ालिमों के बंद बस जुर्म ढाणा
कर देंगे ज़ालिमों के बंद बस जुर्म ढाणा॰॰आ
कौमी तिरंगे झंडे पे जां निसार उनकी
कौमी तिरंगे झंडे पे जां निसार उनकी
हिन्दू मसीह मुस्लिम गाते हैं ये तराना
हिन्दू मसीह मुस्लिम गाते हैं ये तराना

आ आ आssss
परवाह अब किसे है॰॰ऐ
परवाह अब किसे है
इस जेल ओ दमन की
परवाह अब किसे है
इस जेल ओ दमन की
इक खेल हो रहा है
फांसी पे झूल जाना
इक खेल हो रहा है
फांसी पे झूल जाना
भारत वतन हमारा
भारत के हम हैं बच्चे
भारत वतन हमारा
भारत के हम हैं बच्चे
माता के वास्ते है मंजूर सर कटाना
माता के वास्ते है मंजूर सर कटाना

ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो॰॰ओ
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो॰॰ओ


This article is written by Mahesh Mamadapur, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4913 Post No. : 16733

There have been two excellent reviews of 83 film which was released recently on 24 December 2021. As such there is not much to add to the review per se. But then the event itself is engraved in golden moments and letters in the annals of sporting history of our country. Well, there always was hockey in which we ruled the roost in those days. People had little doubts in their minds on the continued dominance of West Indies which had already won the first as well as the second world cup in 1975 and 79 respectively. Dark horses India created history by upsetting West Indies in the finals by successfully defending a modest score of 183 runs, a record which stands tall to this day.

Apart from songs and films, railways and cricket (of bygone era) remain amongst the favourite topics on the blog. So, when Avinash ji posted his euphoric post on having watched the film 83 first day first show, there was lot of buzz on our WhatsApp group and its was rather decided that whosoever watches the film should make attempts to write a post on the experiences of not only the film or the event but their own expectations, memories etc.

Well, I am here with my post and would request whatapp group members to ignore reading the next one-line para for obvious reasons and the cliché for which I have become rather infamous. 🙂

I was all but 9 in 1983, having born in Feb’74.

Thus, I knew about India having won the 1983-world cup only a few years later. [Sachin Tendulkar at 10 in the movie is seen dancing in the streets (on someone’s shoulders)]. As such, this post of mine could be some sort of damp squib for keen readers. To add to the misery of writing this post, I am not an avid follower of cricket or for that matter any sport. But, whenever India plays, I always follow up with keen interest. For the said reasons, I am yet to see a full IPL match and can say with enough conviction that I will never ever watch such a match. Further, I have almost completely stopped watching television and my TV table is now occupied by various indoor plants, a new hoppy which I have recently cultivated. Above the TV, creepers such as money plants and broken heart are scaling up the wall to reach the slab. 🙂

However, I have been following follow-up stories of 1983 world cup with all interests. I could completely understand what Kapil Dev’s unbeaten innings of 175 meant for the team, tournament and our country as a whole. With the advent of internet, I have visited web sites pertaining to cricket world cup several times and tried the understand the circumstances under which India went on to upset the two-time defending champions. A perfect example of dark horses turning out to be derby winners. A day after the match, London Times, a British newspaper apparently had the headline “Kapil’s men turn world upside down” on its front page.

With whatever little I have watched on cricket, Kris Srikkanth has been one of my favourite cricketers. In my opinion, he remains one of the few players who played mainly for the crowds. He successfully faced some of the most lethal fast bowlers of different teams.

I remember reading an article in India Today magazine wherein there was a beautiful article entirely dedicated to him. I had been searching for this article published in March 1987 all these years and with renewed interest, I happened to get hold of it in the magazines’ s archives articles. I would recommend readers to spare time to read the article. There have been many a great Indian cricket player over the years. But, the style, controlled aggression, antics on field etc, no one can match the peerless Kris Srikkanth.

Ball racing to the boundary like a bullet was the hallmark of his batting. For every ball that he faced it was always the viewers and not Kris Srikkanth who were afraid that the ball would end up disturbing the furniture behind. He long walks away from the crease towards square-leg umpire, frequent twisting of his nose, closing of his eyes in a flutter, the cursory glance at the skies as if he was reporting to someone after each ball, the meticulous and fast curling of the bat, his legs positioned wide apart on the crease while batting etc. will remain etched in active memories of avid lovers of the game.

Coming back to 1983, but remaining with Kris Srikkanth and his batting style, I am always happy of the fact that with a regal 38 he was the highest scorer of the finals in spite of a few towering batsmen on the opposite camp. Viv Richards scored 33 and that was the second highest individual score in the final.

With all such fond memories, the viewing of the film was for me like travelling back in a time machine. My wife along with my daughter studying II PU are now placed at D.K. Friday 24, the release date of the film, they ended up at U.K. on an unexpected, unplanned and a totally unscheduled visit. My wife has played this pleasant prank on me a couple of times and so even though it was quite surprising, it took just a nano second for me to realise that, yes, they were here for a visit.

On Saturday, 25 Dec, my daughter started this slow and silent campaign that we ought to watch a movie in the only (non-ac) theatre in this town. I do not even bother to follow up which movie plays as I do not go to theatres often. But in this case and to my inner delight it was 83 of all the films that was being screened on that day. And seeing that my daughter was killing time brooding and surfing net for tickets, story etc. I decided that the movie had to be watched anyhow. And so, I saw the film along with my daughter.

Watching films in movie theatres with my wife needs a special mention here. I was placed in Mumbai when I got married in 2003. (Yes, in 3 years, I will be slaying the seven-year itch for the third consecutive time)  🙂

Instead of watching some junk Hindi or Hollywood movie, I thought I would begin my married-life-film-watching-experiences-with-spouse by watching a scientific documentary in the newly opened world’s largest IMAX dome theatre at Bhakti Park, Wadala. My Monorail site was hardly half a km away from the theatre though my residence was far away.

I later realised that my excitement of watching a documentary in a dome theatre was wholly a one-way traffic. Having a keen interest in astronomy, I got rivetted to the documentary show on stars, planets and galaxies. Being a dome theatre, the seats were obviously push back as well as quite reclining on which my wife comfortably dozed off for the entire show. On completion of the show of which I was totally absorbed in, I asked my wife if she had enjoyed the show. She had a brutal reply that she had dozed off from the word go. I realised that we both were travelling in the vastness of space while the documentary was being screened. The only difference was that I had my eyes wide open.  🙂

Thus, being the experience (there were a few more), my wife decided to stay put at home for some house-hold chores and I accompanied my daughter for the 83 show.
The description of the movie has been amply presented in the two posts posted and will be elaborated more when others write in. And so, I will have limited non-chronological bullet-wise observations on the film.

• The film aptly starts with the now legendary catch taken by Kapil Dev dismissing a batsman who could have easily denied India the Cup. Viv Richards. As the ball tends to safely fall into the hands of Kapil Dev, the titles begin, and the movie starts.

• Ranveer Singh has gotten into the skin of the character he plays that of captain Kapil Dev himself. Many a times, his dialogue delivery is simply impeccable. Hats off to him for his efforts in portraying the role with such similarity.

• Kris Srikkanth remains what he has been to the team during their hey days and during the various film promos and stories told on TV earlier too, a complete entertainer.

• The film has tried to keep the aura of those days alive by displaying the runs scored, nature of batsman getting out etc. I only wish, they had more such displays and retained them for a bit longer time than shown in the movie.

• The mood of the nation, prior, during and after the tournament has been captured well.

• The unbeaten knock of 175 by Kapil Dev against Zimbabwe in a do or die match as well as that of the tournament should have been covered in more detail especially since the actual recording and telecast never happened.

• The rotating of the antenna by Indian public with TV sets for better reception brought back fond memories.  🙂

• The premonition of players and other officials remaining still in their positions in the pavilion when the batsman was in good flow is to be seen to be believed and appreciated.

• Kapil Dev pep talk in the dressing room should have been more elaborate and frequent even if they were in Hindi. It has been shown as if he hardly spoke which I feel could not have been the case.

• Kapil Dev’s encouragement talk to his players during the innings break that West Indies team have to still make the “paltry” 183 runs and we will not allow them to achieve it easily is quite emotional and superb.

• PR Man Singh, the Indian manager who accompanied the team to the tournament has been played quite well by Pankaj Tripathi of Mirzapur TV series fame. Given the time space he occupies in the film, Pankaj Tripathi had done full justice to the role. I understand he went to stay with the real Man Singh for a few days in Hyderabad to prepare himself for the role. Much appreciated.

• Wamiqa Gabbi plays Madan Lal’s wife. Why am I mentioning this? I really donno.  🙂  So, (Don’t) keep guessing.

The detailed wiki page of the film has a soundtrack length of about 54 minutes. For obvious reasons, there is no playback as far as songs are concerned. For many in this blog self included the names of present lyricists, singers, composers etc. are all Greek and Latin. Our Avinash ji offered me to send lyrics of any song that I could pick up in the film. That indeed would have made my task a lot easier and I thank him for the outreach.

However, surfing the net whilst writing the post, I came across a very apt song for the occasion. On 17 August 1983 Lata Mangeshkar apparently performed live in a concert in Delhi to facilitate and also raise funds for the winning team on their spectacular victory in the Cricket World Cup tournament.

Joining her in chorus were Nitin Mukesh, Suresh Wadkar and even members of the team including the captain himself. The song for the special occasion was written by renowned lyricist Indeewar and the tune composed by Hridaynath Mangeshkar. It gives me immense pleasure to bring forth this special song to the readers of the blog.

I would also like to reproduce a snap taken during the Cup award ceremony with Indians occupying the entire ground at Lord’s. It amply showcased the euphoric mood of our nation on winning the world cup in 1983.

Lastly, I would like to end the post with my strong conviction that it’s never too late to honour Kapil Dev with the Bharat Ratna for what he has achieved for our country.
Jai Hind.

Concert song sung on 17 August 1983.


Song-Bharat vishv Vijeta apna Bharat vishv vijeta (Patriotic NFS)(1983) Singers-Lata, Nitin Mukesh, Suresh Wadkar, Lyrics-Indeewar, MD-Hridaynath Mangeshkar

Lyrics

Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta
Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta
sang hai vishv vijeta apna
sang hai vishv vijeta
sang hai vishv vijeta apna
sang hai vishv vijeta
har ek disha mein vijay miley hamen
iska bal hai deta
har ek disha mein vijay miley hamen
iska bal hai deta
Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta
Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta

ek taraf Bharat ke khilaadi
ek taraf thha saara jahaan
ek taraf Bharat ke khilaadi
ek taraf thha saara jahaan
jahaan ekta wahaan safalta
jahaan manobal vijay wahaan
jahaan ekta wahaan safalta
jahaan manobal vijay wahaan
khele apne khilaadi yoon
thha kaun jo takkar leta
khele apne khilaadi yoon
thha kaun jo takkar leta
Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta
Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta
sang hai vishv vijeta apna
sang hai vishv vijeta
sang hai vishv vijeta apna
sang hai vishv vijeta

khel ki duniya mein Bharat ne
likha hai itihaas naya
khel ki duniya mein Bharat ne
likha hai itihaas naya
jeet sada kaayam rakhne ko
jaga hai vishwaas naya
jeet sada kaayam rakhne ko
jaga hai vishwaas naya
yahi haathh laye hain vijay ye
yahi to Bhaagy praneta
yahi haathh laye hain vijay ye
yahi to Bhaagy praneta
Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta
Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta
sang hai vishv vijeta apna
sang hai vishv vijeta
sang hai vishv vijeta apna
sang hai vishv vijeta

vande maatram, vande maatram, vande maatram
vande maatram, vande maatram, vande maatram
vande maatram, vande maatram, vande maatram
vande maatram, vande maatram, vande maatram

————————-
Devnagri script lyrics
————————-

भारत विश्व विजेता अपना,
भारत विश्व विजेता,
भारत विश्व विजेता अपना,
भारत विश्व विजेता |
संग है विश्व विजेता अपना,
संग है विश्व विजेता,
संग है विश्व विजेता अपना,
संग है विश्व विजेता |
हरेक दिशा में विजय मिले हमें,
इसका बल है देता,
हरेक दिशा में विजय मिले हमें,
इसका बल है देता |
भारत विश्व विजेता अपना,
भारत विश्व विजेता,
भारत विश्व विजेता अपना,
भारत विश्व विजेता |

एक तरफ भारत के खिलाडी,
एक तरफ था सारा जहाँ,
एक तरफ भारत के खिलाडी,
एक तरफ था सारा जहाँ |
जहां एकता, वहां सफलता,
जहां मनोबल, विजय वहां |
जहां एकता, वहां सफलता,
जहां मनोबल, विजय वहां |
खेले अपने खिलाडी यूं,
था कौन जो टक्कर लेता?
खेले अपने खिलाडी यूं,
था कौन जो टक्कर लेता?
भारत विश्व विजेता अपना,
भारत विश्व विजेता,
भारत विश्व विजेता अपना,
भारत विश्व विजेता |
संग है विश्व विजेता अपना,
संग है विश्व विजेता,
संग है विश्व विजेता अपना,
संग है विश्व विजेता |

खेल की दुनिया में भारत ने लिखा है इतिहास नया,
खेल की दुनिया में भारत ने लिखा है इतिहास नया,
जीत सदा कायम रखने को जगा है विश्वास नया |
जीत सदा कायम रखने को जगा है विश्वास नया |
यही हाथ लाए है विजय ये, यही तो भाग्य प्रणेता,
यही हाथ लाए है विजय ये, यही तो भाग्य प्रणेता |
भारत विश्व विजेता अपना, भारत विश्व विजेता,
भारत विश्व विजेता अपना, भारत विश्व विजेता |
संग है विश्व विजेता अपना, संग है विश्व विजेता,

वंदे मातरम, वंदे मातरम. वंदे मातरम |
वंदे मातरम, वंदे मातरम. वंदे मातरम |
वंदे मातरम, वंदे मातरम. वंदे मातरम |
वंदे मातरम, वंदे मातरम. वंदे मातरम |


This article is written by Nahm, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4209 Post No. : 15405

 

Preamble of the Indian Constitution

WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:

JUSTICE, social, economic and political;

LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;

EQUALITY of status and of opportunity;

and to promote among them all FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;

IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.

 

Components of Preamble
1. It is indicated by the Preamble that the source of authority of the Constitution lies with the people of India.
2. Preamble declares India to be a sovereign, socialist, secular and democratic republic.
3. The objectives stated by the Preamble are to secure justice, liberty, equality to all citizens and promote fraternity to maintain unity and integrity of the nation.
4. The date is mentioned in the preamble when it was adopted i.e. November 26, 1949.

Key Words In The Preamble

1. Sovereign

The term ‘Sovereign’ which is proclaimed by the Preamble means that India has its own independent authority and it is not a dominion of any other external power. In the country, the legislature has the power to make laws which is subjected to certain limitations.

2. Socialist

The term ‘Socialist’ was added in the Preamble by 42nd Amendment, 1976 which means the achievement of socialist ends through democratic means. It is basically a ‘Democratic Socialism’ that holds faith in a mixed economy where both private and public sectors co-exist side by side.

3. Secular

The term ‘Secular’ was incorporated in the Preamble by 42nd Constitutional Amendment, 1976 which means that all the religions in India get equal respect, protection and support from the state.

4. Democratic

The term ‘Democratic’ implies that the Constitution of India has an established form of Constitution which gets its authority from the will of the people expressed in an election.

5. Republic

The term ‘Republic’ indicates that the head of the state is elected by the people directly or indirectly. In India, the President is the head of the state and he is elected indirectly by the people.

BR Ambedkar said about the preamble:-

It was, indeed, a way of life, which recognizes liberty, equality, and fraternity as the principles of life and which cannot be divorced from each other: Liberty cannot be divorced from equality; equality cannot be divorced from liberty. Nor can liberty and equality be divorced from fraternity. Without equality, liberty would produce the supremacy of the few over the many. Equality without liberty would kill individual initiative. Without fraternity, liberty and equality could not become a natural course of things.

As today we all are celebrating the 71 Republic Day , being the day of inception of the constitution of India, I thought that we should start this post with ‘The Preamble to the Constitution’.  The Preamble though is very much part of the constitution itself.

I have the great pleasure of writing the post on this song celebrating the very appropriateness of the justice, liberty, equality and fraternity. This is also the song which brought me to this blog incidentally on 25th of January 2011, and this was my first comment on this blog’s farmaish page.

 

47 | nahm
January 25, 2011 at 1:06 am

I have surfed the net all over for this song/nazm:

khud jiyo auron ko bhi jeene do,
yehi to hai zindagi ka raasta,
tumhien aman ka shanti ka vasta,

This is not available even on youtube. i am very much surprised did not anticipate this difficulty. This was widely used in school assembly , and i found on some website that today itself that it is sung by the great Mohammed Rafi (also). Frankly i was expecting many versions (by various singers). If u could find and just send the lyrics at least, on urgent basis. i shall be ever grateful.

It was exactly 9 years ago that I stumbled upon this blog and life as I knew it before, changed for me.  In many ways I can define the journey of my life before and after 26th January 2011.

Now about the page “Readers farmaishes” :  I wonder at how beautifully the word “Farmaish” has adapted to its Anglicized plural ‘farmaishes’. Another unique word which require a few sentences to get at the spirit of it, in any other language.  Google’s English is showing the pathetically legal “Petition”, or it is most likely a Victorian equivalent. The concept of ‘farmaishi programme’ is so intrinsically Indian, be it a much indulged child’s or an overindulged housewife’s.  Or it fits us ‘spoilt-for-choices’ lovers of Hindi film music.

So it turns out that all those years ago I was looking for the lyrics of this song and in my search found that it is a Rafi song picturized on Prithvi Raj Kapoor in a classroom singing in front of school children. That time, the archives page of the website of Films Division of India was empty. I was searching the youtube intermittently for this song, in the hope that it will surface somehow.  I tried everything I could for this was a Rafi song and no effort was to be spared.  As luck would have it a few months ago I again searched for it and this time found a FDI film ‘Khud Jiyo Auron Ko Bhi Jeene Do’ in the Films Division archives pages. I requested Sudhir Sir to try and find the song, if it exists.

A few days ago Sudhir Sir had emailed me that the song is located and he had the video of the song, but it was not Rafi Sahab’s song. A decade old search has come to an end. All the info pertaining to it was correct, except for the singing voice. But when I heard the song today, when Sudhir Sir, sent the upload link to me, I am so glad that I persisted in the search, my search and quest is very much justified. Though it is not in Rafi Sahab’s voice, but a wonderfully worthy song written, composed and sung by the multi-talented Prem Dhawan. All the thanks and gratitude we the listeners, the beneficiaries of hard work of Sudhir Sir, can give to him, are just not enough.

The tune, voice, rendition and the lyrics are all soothing to the jaded soul.

 

Song – Khud Jiyo Auron Ko Bhi Jeene Do (NFS) (1971) Singer – Prem Dhawan, Lyrics – Prem Dhawan, MD – Prem Dhawan
Chorus
Chorus + Prem Dhawan

Lyrics

khud jiyo auron ko bhi jeene do
khud jiyo auron ko bhi jeene do
yahi to hai zindagi ka raasta
yahi to hai zindagi ka raasta
tumhen aman ka shanti ka waasta
tumhen aman ka shanti ka waasta

khud jiyo auron ko bhi jeene do
khud jiyo auron ko bhi jeene do
yahi to hai zindagi ka raasta
yahi to hai zindagi ka raasta
tumhen aman ka shanti ka waasta
tumhen aman ka shanti ka waasta
khud jiyo auron ko bhi jeene do
yahi to hai zindagi ka raasta
tumhen aman ka shanti ka waasta

aa aaaa aaaa
aaaaa aaaaa aaaa
aaaaa aaaaa aaaa

hmm mmmmm
mmmmmmmmm

chaman mein phool khilte bhaant bhaant ke
magar sabhi ka hota ek hi chaman
magar sabhi ka hota ek hi chaman
hon rehnewaale ham kisi bhi praant ke
hai ek apni dharti ek hi watan
hai ek apni dharti ek hi watan
to phir khinche khinche se dil hain kis liye
chalo dilon mein le ke ek hi lagan
khud jiyo auron ko bhi jeene do
yahi to hai zindagi ka raastaa
tumhen aman ka shanti ka waasta

yahi likhaa hai geeta aur quraan mein
yahi hai baani nanak aur kabir ki
isi liye to gandhi ji ne jaan di
ke jaane ham ye baat us faqeer ki
unhin ki zindagi hai  kisi kaam ki
samajhte hain jo doosron ki peed bhi
khud jiyo auron ko bhi jeene do
yahi to hai zindagi ka raasta
tumhen aman ka shanti ka waasta

alag alag hai apni bhaasha to bhi kya
ke dil jo samjhe wo zubaan to ek hai
ke dil jo samjhe wo zubaan to ek hai
punjab ho bangal ho madras ho
hamaara ye hindostan to ek hai
hamaara ye hindostan to ek hai
allah kaho ishwar kaho ke wah guru
jaana jahan hai wo nishaan to ek hai
khud jiyo auron ko bhi jeene do
yahi to hai zindagi ka raastaa
tumhen aman ka shanti ka waasta

ha aaa aaaa
haa aaaa
haa aaaa
aaaaa aaaaa
aaaaa aaaaa aaaaa aaaaa
aaaaa aaaaa

hai ladna hi to mil ke lado bhook se
jo bhook saare desh ko hai khaa rahi
mitaao zaat paat lado phoot se
wo phoot jo hamaare ghar jalaa rahi
hai khelna hi khoon se to aao phir
tumhe hai seema desh ki bulaa rahi
khud jiyo auron ko bhi jeene do
yahi to hai zindagi ka raastaa
tumhen aman ka shanti ka waasta

diye diwaali ke jalaao mil ke sab
manaao gale mil se saare eid bhi
manaao gale mil se saare eid bhi
mitaa hai bhagat singh jo apne desh pe
to tipu bhi mitaa hai aur hameed bhi
to tipu bhi mitaa hai aur hameed bhi
hai desh zindaa kyun ke desh sab ka hai
na rehti warna jeene ki ummeed bhi
khud jiyo auron ko bhi jeene do
yahi to hai zindagi ka raastaa
tumhen aman ka shanti ka waasta

aa aaaa
aaaaa aaaaa
aaaaa aaaaa
aaaaaaa aaaaa
hmmm mmmmm
mmmmmmm

wo swarg jo rakhaa hai aasmaan pe
usey na kyun zameen pe utaar len
chalo uss apne ujde huey bagh ko
nayi nayi bahaaron se nikhaar len
banaayen taaj jaise aur mahal kayi
ajanta jaise but naye sanwaar len
khud jiyo auron ko bhi jeene do
yahi to hai zindagi ka raastaa
tumhen aman ka shanti ka waasta

mili hain aise saath apni qismatien
ke jaise saath ganga ke jamnaa bahe
ke jaise saath ganga ke jamnaa bahe
to kyun na tere dil ki baat main kahoon
to kyun na mere dil ka raaz tu kahe
to kyun na mere dil ka raaz tu kahe
samajh len ek doosre ke gham ko ham
to phir jahaan mein koyi gham hi kyun rahe
khud jiyo auron ko bhi jeene do
yahi to hai zindagi ka raastaa
tumhen aman ka shanti ka waasta
tumhen aman ka shanti ka waasta
tumhen aman ka shanti ka waasta
tumhen aman ka shanti ka waasta
tumhen aman ka shanti ka waasta
tumhen aman ka shanti ka waasta

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-

 


This article is written by Bharat Upadhyay, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3695 Post No. : 14612

Month of August is full of so many National memories. Whenever we celebrate 9th August or 15th August, there will be invariably references of martyrs who dedicate their lives for the nation. We fought one war with China and four with Pakistan, and our loss of ‘shaheeds‘ was substantial.

Jaidev ji composed these Pt Narendra Sharma’s expressive lyrics in the voice of Lata ji. He recorded the same song with the voice of Asha ji and even that is equally popular.

(After the China war Lata and Asha had practised with a song of Pradeep ji, composed by C Ramchandra. But when Lata ji sang it ALONE on 26th January function at New Delhi, it became a much discussed controversy, as everybody will recall.)

The lyrics are so impressive and expressive, that there is no need for longer explanation. I am sure that the listeners of the song will become totally emotional.


Song: Jo Samar Mein Ho Gaye Amar (Patriotic NFS)(1962) Singers: Lata Mangeshkar, Lyrics: Pt Narendra Sharma, Music: Jaidev

Lyrics

jo samar mein ho gaye amar
main un ki yaad mein
gaa rahii huun aaj shradhdhaa-geet
dhanyavaad mein
jo samar mein ho gaye amar
main un ki yaad mein
gaa rahii huun aaj shradhdhaa-geet
dhanyavaad mein
jo samar mein ho gaye amar
 
laut kar na aayenge
vijay dilaane waale veer
mere geet anjali mein
un ke liye nayan-neer
laut kar na aayenge
vijay dilaane waale veer
mere geet anjali mein
un ke liye nayan-neer
sang phool-paan ke
rang hai nishaan ke
shoorveer aan ke
jo samar mein ho gaye amar
main un ki yaad mein
gaa rahii huun aaj shradhdhaa-geet
dhanyavaad mein
jo samar mein ho gaye amar

vijay ke phool khil rahe hain
phool adh-khile jhare
unke khoon se hamaare
khet baag ban harey
vijay ke phool khil rahe hain
phool adh-khile jhare
unke khoon se hamaare
khet baag ban harey
dhruva hain kraanti-gaan ke
surya nava-vihaan ke
shoorveer aan ke
jo samar mein ho gaye amar
main un ki yaad mein
gaa rahii huun aaj shradhdhaa-geet
dhanyavaad mein
jo samar mein ho gaye amar
 
wo gaye ke reh sakey
swatantrata swadesh ki
vishwa bhar mein maanyataa ho
mukti ke sandesh ki
wo gaye ke reh sakey
swatantrata swadesh ki
vishwa bhar mein maanyataa ho
mukti ke sandesh ki
praan desh-praan ke
moorti swaabhimaan ke
shoorveer aan ke
jo samar mein ho gaye amar
main un ki yaad mein
gaa rahii huun aaj shradhdhaa-geet
dhanyavaad mein
jo samar mein ho gaye amar
main un ki yaad mein
gaa rahii huun aaj shradhdhaa-geet
dhanyavaad mein
jo samar mein ho gaye amar

——————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Bharat Upadhyay)
——————————————————

जो समर में हो गए अमर
मैं उनकी याद में
गा रही हूँ आज श्रद्धा गीत
धन्यवाद में
जो समर में हो गए अमर
मैं उनकी याद में
गा रही हूँ आज श्रद्धा गीत
धन्यवाद में
जो समर में हो गए अमर …

लौट कर न आएंगे
विजय दिलाने वाले वीर
मेरे गीत अंजली में
उनके लिए नयन-नीर
लौट कर न आएंगे
विजय दिलाने वाले वीर
मेरे गीत अंजली में
उनके लिए नयन-नीर
संग फूल-पान के
रँग हैं निशान के
शूर वीर आन के
जो समर में हो गए अमर
मैं उनकी याद में
गा रही हूँ आज श्रद्धा गीत
धन्यवाद में
जो समर में हो गए अमर …

विजय के फूल खिल रहे हैं
फूल अध-खिले झरे
उनके खून से हमारे
खेत बाग बन हरे
विजय के फूल खिल रहे हैं
फूल अध-खिले झरे
उनके खून से हमारे
खेत बाग बन हरे
ध्रुव हैं क्राँति-गान के
सूर्य नव-विहान के
शूर वीर आन के
जो समर में हो गए अमर
मैं उनकी याद में
गा रही हूँ आज श्रद्धा गीत
धन्यवाद में
जो समर में हो गए अमर …

वो गए कि रह सके
स्वतंत्रता स्वदेश की
विश्व भर में मान्यता हो
मुक्ति के संदेश की
वो गए कि रह सके
स्वतंत्रता स्वदेश की
विश्व भर में मान्यता हो
मुक्ति के संदेश की
प्राण देश-प्राण के
मूर्ति स्वाभिमान के
शूर वीर आन के
जो समर में हो गए अमर
मैं उनकी याद में
गा रही हूँ आज श्रद्धा गीत
धन्यवाद में
जो समर में हो गए अमर
मैं उनकी याद में
गा रही हूँ आज श्रद्धा गीत
धन्यवाद में
जो समर में हो गए अमर …


This article is written by Raja, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3680 Post No. : 14574

The 15th of August, is a special date in the calendar for India.

Every year, there are events across the country celebrating the day. There is flag-hoisting in schools, offices and public places. There are patriotic songs played on radio. There’s a lot more to mark the date and occasion.

All of this is understandable. After all, it was on the 15th of August that many years ago, India became an independent nation, free from British rule.

Today is the 72nd Independence Day for India. I still remember the Silver Jubilee celebrations in 1972 – I was part of my school March Past event. How time flies!

But there is more to this date than just celebration. It is an occasion that at least some of us use to reflect. On India’s journey as an independent nation so far. We take stock of where we are, and where we’d like to see us go from here.

I am sure there must be many articles written on this subject in various media publications this week. On our part, our Avinashji has sent me the lyrics for today’s song and requested me to share my thoughts on this occasion. I am therefore taking the liberty of doing so.

Whenever I think of 15th August, the first thing that comes to my mind is our Freedom Struggle and our Founding Fathers. Today we take our freedom for granted – it is hard to even imagine that we were once a colony of the British Empire.

But if it were not for the struggles and sacrifices of millions of Indians, from every corner of the country, would we have got independence when we did? We are familiar with some of the more prominent names who were part of this struggle. But there were so many more who made sacrifices, who gave up their lives for the cause – and died unsung.

I always think of them on 15th August.

Then the Founding Fathers themselves. Once India became an independent country, Britain left it to fend for itself. Can you imagine the challenges a new-born India would have faced at that time?

India was then a country reeling from the horrors of partition. Although there had been talk of partition for a while, the actual execution of the whole process was done very hastily, without enough attention to detail. Political lines were drawn to create India and Pakistan, but these were still being “negotiated”. Even on independence, many villages did not even know whether they belonged to India or Pakistan. And there were the tricky issues of princely states like Junagadh and Hyderabad. And there was Kashmir.

So things were very fluid on 15th August 1947, though technically India and Pakistan had both become independent nations.
The mass migration of millions across borders, with all the violence and pain that ensued – how can one ever forget that! People lost everything, their families, their possessions. Their entire life got uprooted as they became refugees in their new world.

Then, post independence, the massive task of bringing more than 565 princely states into the fold of one nation. How challenging was that! Some agreed to be part of India. Different tactics were needed to bring the others into the fold.

All this while communal harmony, already severely tested in the tense times leading upto the partition, was just about hanging by a thread. The partition exposed fault lines much more nakedly – there was resentment amongst Hindus in India for Muslims who had not migrated. And the other way round in Pakistan.

As we know, many Muslim artistes in the Hindi film industry even changed their names to Hindu-sounding names to avoid becoming targets of hatred, and to appeal to the largely Hindu audiences.

Such was the fragility of Indian communal harmony in the immediate aftermath of independence.

Talking of fragility, it was not only communal harmony that was fragile. Independent India had inherited unprecedented levels of poverty, exacerbated by partition woes. Its economy was in very bad shape. Poor living conditions meant disease was not uncommon. Added to this was a very high level of illiteracy and social backwardness in general.

Kashmir was still a burning issue, Gandhiji got assassinated.

The overall situation looked so bleak at one time that Life Magazine, in the late 1940s, even ran a story along the lines of “Will India survive?” Clearly the world was skeptical.

Thankfully, our Founding Fathers were not.

Even in the midst of all these seemingly insurmountable challenges, they stayed steadfast on course, buoyed by the exuberance of having a new baby to nurture and nourish. Yes, there were challenges – but, to them, these were teething troubles.

Despite differences amongst themselves (yes, they did have differences!), they were united on one thing – all of them had a dream of a strong, resilient, and free India. Their views on how to get there might have been different – Nehru might have had a socialist mindset, Rajaji a more capitalist mindset – but they shared this common dream.

This dream involved providing, for every Indian, a fair opportunity at life. A life of dignity. India would be a country where justice would be available to one and all. A country which had hitherto been suppressed, but whose peoples would now be able to breathe freely, not be enslaved to any thought. They would be free to pursue a religion of their choice. India would be a country whose people would feel a sense of fraternity towards each other, not be divided by regionalism, casteism, religion and other such divisive elements.

This dream got enshrined in the form of a Constitution for India. When India became a Republic on 26th January 1950, it further underlined the vision of the Founding Fathers – that there would be no monarchy in India, that there would be elected representatives, elected by the people. There’s a lot more in the Constitution – it lays down the terms of reference between organs of the State, separation of powers between the Executive, Legislature and Judiciary, it talks about fundamental rights and duties of citizens.

While there is always scope for improvement, and any document should be a living document kept in tune with the times, the Constitution of India does provide a great framework for the country. Without it, there would be utter chaos.

And for this Constitution too, we need to thank our Founding Fathers and their vision.

I know none of this is new to anyone – and I am rambling – but I do think that at least on Independence Day (if not on other days) we need to remind ourselves of how much struggle, sacrifice and effort went into first making India an independent nation, and then ensuring it survived against the greatest of odds.

Unless and until we appreciate the magnitude of the challenges that were faced and overcome at that time, we will not be able to value the freedom we have today.

So I hope you will excuse my rather long history lesson. 🙂 If there are any inaccuracies here, please do let me know. I’m happy to be corrected.

The song “hum laaye hain toofaan se kashti nikaal ke” comes to mind in this regard.

Now to today’s India. Let’s take stock of where we are.

We’ve come a long way from those early fragile years. Sure, we’re still not where we’d like to be, but we’re definitely not looking at an existential crisis.

Economically too we are far better off today. Although we still have millions below the poverty line, and many above it still struggling to make both ends meet, we are better off than the “independence” generation. Many of us will admit that our own fathers and forefathers had a much tougher life than we are having now.

Education levels have also significantly improved. I have doubts about the quality of education as I see many “highly-qualified” Indians unable to comprehend basics, completely lacking in logical or analytical thinking, lacking in life-skills, but that’s for another debate. Let’s just say, we have many millions more “educated” Indians today.

In many other areas, like tackling disease, or improving sanitation or road infrastructure, India is progressing. It’s a 71-year young nation now, one would expect nothing less.

So on the material front, I think India is on the right track. Still a long way to go, still a lot of poverty to eradicate, but I have hope.

My bigger concern is to do with freedom and independence. Not of India, but of Indians.

I happen to think India became free and independent on 15th August 1947 – but only in a political sense.

Indians are FAR from being free or independent, even today, 71 years later.

When Indians attained freedom from colonial rule, they expected to be able to lead their lives as free citizens. No more being slaves to anyone, no more being treated like third-class citizens.

The reality though is that we are still slaves. Not to British masters anymore, but to Indian ones.

The difference is, we didn’t elect those British masters, we now elect our Indian masters. The specific individuals change, but the underlying master-slave relationship doesn’t.

In theory, in a democracy, we, the people, have power. We elect representatives on our behalf to run the affairs of the country. These representatives are therefore “public servants”, supposed to serve the interests of the people. They are supposed to be accountable to the people for the tasks assigned to them. They are also accountable to the people for funds utilized by them because these funds are collected from, and on behalf of, the people. They are supposed to be transparent about their work, so that the public can evaluate progress (or lack of it).

This is the theory.

We all know how things work in practice.

But why don’t they work?

Simply because there is a huge power imbalance between the people and their representatives. These representatives, so-called “public servants”, have steadily increased their power quotient at the cost of the people they are supposed to serve. As it is, they have the power to make laws – so they make or modify laws to strengthen their power position, to legitimize their power grab, thus further skewing the imbalance in their favour. Sel-aggrandizement is the mantra.

This isn’t just the story of one political party – this is with practically every political party.

Which is why the solution isn’t to just replace one party with another.

The solution is to structurally redress this power imbalance.

Make the public more powerful.

How?

There is very little power in the hands of one individual. I can scream from my rooftop but my single voice means nothing.

But there is a lot of power in a large group. The larger, the better.

When a large group chooses to raise its voice, these representatives have no choice but to listen. Otherwise they know they will be on the wrong side of the numbers game.

And in a democracy, it is all about a numbers game.

But for a large group to raise its voice against the powers-that-be, it has to, first of all, be free. It must NOT have a slave mentality.

And that’s a big problem in India.

Maybe due to historical baggage of being ruled by maharajas, many Indians are still subservient to authority. They are still happy to be “ruled”. Feudalism, although less today, still plays its role in perpetuating this master-slave relationship.

This is also why SO many Indians still have this “mai-baap” attitude towards government and other powers-that-be. They fall at the feet of politicians, seeking favours, sometimes even begging for something that is their right, but has been denied to them.

And of course, the politicians then act high-and-mighty, dishing out largesse as if they are royalty. They act generous – it’s easy to be generous with other people’s money. A sizeable share of the public’s hard-earned money is distributed as an act of generosity by the politicians. And they get praise for this. Not to mention votes.

It is THIS mentality that is my biggest issue with Indians. This slave mentality.

Which is why I say India became a free country on 15th August 1947 – but Indians are still slaves.

Just to clarify, I wouldn’t blame the poor or destitute for this. They are barely struggling to survive on a daily basis – they hardly have any choice or agency. But those who DO have a choice, who don’t HAVE to grovel before the powers-that-be but still do so, they are the ones who are undermining the effort to redress the power imbalance. They are often the ones to first stand up in defence for the powers-that-be, against their own fellow citizens.

So on this Independence Day, my request to all Indians is to abolish this slave mindset – and be free. If you don’t want to be treated like a third-class citizen, you first need to stop behaving like one.

Freedom is too precious to let it be taken away from you by anyone. Like Sahir said “zindagi bheekh mein nahin milti, zindagi badh ke chheeni jaati hai…apna haq sangdil zamaane se, chheen pao, to koi baat baney”.

And please stand up for those who try to break these chains of slavery. As I said earlier, this battle cannot be fought by one individual. So when someone is trying to fight against oppression, against slavery, please support his or her effort, instead of undermining it by being loyal to the master.

Even during our Freedom Struggle, there were Indians who undermined the effort of fellow Indians by taking the side of the British. This only made the freedom struggle harder.

I hope we have learnt from that lesson.

There are a lot more thoughts in my head on this Independence Day – there are a lot more improvements I’d like to see in India. Especially with regard to society.

The thing is, if we harbour aspirations to be a truly developed nation, we need to also have progressive thought in society. Mere material progress isn’t enough.

It saddens me to see that even in 2018, some of our thinking is regressive.

Patriarchy is still rampant in Indian society – with all its negative consequences for women, and even men. It is one of the biggest reasons for rapes and other forms of violence against women.

Then, our casteism. Even today, Dalits are discriminated against – let’s not pretend they aren’t.

Indian society is full of prejudices – just look at matrimonial columns to get an idea.

There’s a lot more that bothers me – I could go on and on.

But this post has already become too long – and each of these topics deserves proper discussion and treatment of its own.

So I will stop here on these topics.

Just to clarify, I’m not saying we haven’t come a long way. We have. But we still have a very long way to go – in terms of poverty alleviation/elimination and society upgradation.

The responsibility lies largely with those of us who are relatively privileged and educated. Even the Freedom Struggle counted amongst its leaders many well-educated Indians, of whom many had had the opportunity to study or live abroad and get a different perspective on life and their country.

So those of us who are in a position to make a difference need to do so. But for that, we first need to CARE for our less-privileged fellow citizens. Instead of looking down on them, we need to think of how we can make their lives better. We need to help make them free and independent citizens. Remember, WE are the fortunate ones, to even be able to read this online. I don’t mean this in the slightest patronizing sense – the fact is that we are all privileged. Millions are not.

Also remember, those well-off Indians from the Freedom Struggle could very easily have just enjoyed their privilege instead of throwing themselves into the Struggle. They chose to make sacrifices because the cause they were fighting for, was bigger than their individual selves.

We need a similar cause that we can all rally around today. If that is the prosperity of India, it must mean the prosperity of all Indians, not just a select few. But prosperity, without peace and harmony, is useless. So the cause must encompass all these components.

India is nothing without Indians. It would be just a piece of land. So talking about “making INDIA a great nation” is all just empty rhetoric if we are not working towards making the future of INDIANS great. And again here I mean ALL Indians, not a select few.

For me it is all about the individual first. She or he is the unit-level of existence. If the individual isn’t empowered, if she or he isn’t free, what’s to celebrate about the nation being free? The nation is just a bunch of individuals, right?

You might not agree with my thoughts (and that’s perfectly fine!) – I’m just sharing them here on request of Avinashji. 

A lot more running in my head too – but this post has already become way too long now, so let me get to the song for the occasion.

It is a non-film song. A patriotic song composed by Khayyam, sung by Rafisaab, to Sahir’s lyrics.

I heard this song for the first time only a few days ago – I quite liked it. I hope you like it too.

Happy Independence Day. And thanks for your patience in tolerating this long post. 🙂


Song-Watan ki aabroo khatre mein hai (Rafi NFS)(1962) Singer-Rafi, Lyrics-Sahir Ludhianvi, MD-Khayyam
chorus
Rafi+Chorus

Lyrics

Watan ki aabroo khatre mein hai
Aa aa aa aa aa
Watan ki aabroo khatre mein hai
Hoshiyaar ho jaao
Hoshiyaar ho jaao
Hoshiyaar ho jaao o

Hamaare imtihaan ka waqt hai
Taiyyaar ho jaao
Taiyyaar ho jaao
Taiyyaar ho jaao o

Hamaari sarhadon par khoon behta hai
Jawaanon ka
Aa aa
Huaa jaata hai dil chhalni
Himaalaa ki chattaanon ka
Aa aa
Uthho rukh pher do dushman ki
Topon ke dahaanon ka aa
Aa aa
Watan ki sarhadon par aahni
Deewaar ho jaao
Hoshiyaar ho jaao
Watan ki aabroo khatre mein hai

Wo jinko saadgi mein hamne
Aankhon par bithhaaya thha
Aa aa
Wo jinko bhai kehkar
Hamne seene se lagaaya thha
Aa aa
Wo jinki gardanon mein haar
Baahon ka pehnaaya thha
Aa aa aa
Ab unki gardanon ke waaste
Talwaar ho jaao o
Aa aa aa
Ab unki gardanon ke waaste
Talwaar ho jaao o
Hoshiyaar ho jaao
Watan ki aabroo khatre mein hai

Na ham is waqt Hindu hain
Na Muslim hain
Na Isaayi
Hmm hmm hmm
Agar kuchh hain to hain
Is desh is dharti ke shaidaai
Hmm hmm hmm
Isi ko zindagi denge
Ae ae ae
Isi ko zindagi denge
Isi se zindagi paayi
Lahu ke rang se likhaa huaa
Ikraar ho jaao
Watan ki aabroo khatre mein hai
Hoshiyaar ho jaao
Hoshiyaar ho jaao
Hoshiyaar ho jaao o

Watan ki aabroo khatre mein hai

Khabar rakhna koi gaddaar
Saazish kar nahin paaye ae
Aa aa
Nazar rakhna koi zaalim
Tijori bhar nahin paaye ae
Aa aa
Hamaari kaum par ar ar ar
Hamaari kaum par
Taareekh tohmat dhar nahin paaye ae
Aa aa aa
Kafan dushman
Darindon ke liye
Lalkaar ho jaao
Lalkaar ho jaao
Lalkaar ho jaao o
Lalkaar ho jaao o
Lalkaar ho jaao o o

————————————
Devnagri Script lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
—————————–
वतन की आबरू खतरे में है
आ आ आ आ आ
वतन की आबरू खतरे में है
होशियार हो जाओ
होशियार हो जाओ
होशियार हो जाओ ओ

हमारे इम्तिहान का वक़्त है
तैयार हो जाओ
तैयार हो जाओ
तैयार हो जाओ ओ

हमारी सरहदों पर खून बहता है
जवानों का
आ आ
हुआ जाता है दिल छलनी
हिमाला की चट्टानों का
आ आ
उठो रुख फेर दो दुश्मन कि
तोपों के दहानों का आ
आ आ
वतन की सरहदों पर आहनी
दीवार हो जाओ
होशियार हो जाओ
वतन की आबरू खतरे में है

वो जिनको सादगी में हमने
आँखों पर बिठाया था
आ आ
वो जिनको भाई कहकर
हमने सीने से लगाया था
आ आ
वो जिनकी गर्दनों में हार
बाहों का पहनाया था
आ आ आ
अब उनकी गर्दनों के वास्ते
तलवार हो जाओ ओ
आ आ आ
अब उनकी गर्दनों के वास्ते
तलवार हो जाओ ओ
होशियार हो जाओ
वतन की आबरू खतरे में है

ना हम इस वक़्त हिन्दू है
ना मुस्लिम है
न इसाई
हम्म हम्म हम्म
अगर कुछ हैं तो है
इस देश इस धरती के शैदाई
हम्म हम्म हम्म
इसी को ज़िन्दगी देंगे
ए ए ए
इसी को ज़िन्दगी देंगे
इसी से ज़िन्दगी पायी
लहू के रंग से लिखा हुआ
इकरार हो जाओ
वतन की आबरू खतरे में है
होशियार हो जाओ
होशियार हो जाओ
होशियार हो जाओ ओ

वतन की आबरू खतरे में है

खबर रखना कोई गद्दार
साज़िश कर नहीं पाए ए
आ आ
नज़र रखना कोई ज़ालिम
तिजोरी भर नहीं पाए ए
आ आ
हमारी कौम पर र र र
हमारी कौम पर
तारीख तोहमत धर नहीं पाए ए
आ आ आ
कफ़न दुश्मन
दरिंदों के लिए
ललकार हो जाओ
ललकार हो जाओ
ललकार हो जाओ ओ
ललकार हो जाओ ओ
ललकार हो जाओ ओ ओ

Dahaan – दहान -دہان
mouth; orifice

Shaidaa. ii – शैदाई – شیدائی
lover, enamored

Tohmat – तोहमत – تہمت
Allegation, Accuse
false accusation, suspicion of guilt


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Talking about Independence day from the comforts of our home six decades after we received it is one thing. Even daring to talk about independence when the country was under British Rule was considered treason and such daring people were severely dealt with by the British at that time .
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Bharat Upadhyay, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Genius of Jaidev – 51
—————————–
Aandolan – A colored Patriotic film of 1975, produced by J K Productions and directed by Lekh Tandon had star-cast consisting of Rakesh Pande, Nitu Singh, Pratap Sharma, Naznin, Uma Shankar, Pinchu Kapoor, Urmila Bhatt, Tiwari, Vishva Mehera, Durrani, Kumar Ajit, W G Doil, Aparna Chaudhury, Shantanu Bhattacharya, Deepak, Rajkumar, Sopariwala, Robert, Vachan Sinh, Ram Awtar, Shrikant, Vikram, Rajesh, Sandeep, Master Ravi etc.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

The record of the events and the times while the struggle against the alien rule was in progress, as it is known and as it has been showcased in the sixty eight years since, is limiting in its focus and its willingness to fairly acknowledge the role and the contributions of many a stalwarts whose names and information has dissipated over time. Ah, but that is what history is all about. The story as recorded by the hunter, by the victor, by the kings and the royalty who would commission favored scholars to compile accounts for posterity, favorable to the ruling dynasty. Over passages of years and decades, such compilations would gain the status of historical record.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

= = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = =
Atul Song-A-Day 10K Song Milestone Celebrations –45 (Post number 9999)
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

A DAY OF JOY- TO REMEMBER FOR EVER !

In a Man’s life, there are occasions of happiness like Graduation, Job, marriage, First child etc. These are the milestones in one’s life and are celebrated with joy shared by the near and dear ones.

Today I too feel like celebrating because ” OUR ” Blog has touched a milestone- THE 10,000th SONG !

My heartiest Congratulations to ATUL ji, who is doing a great job. I feel his must be the only Blog on the entire Internet, which can boast of 10,000 Hindi film and non film songs (from 1932 onwards), with proper Lyrics. This is a place for Nostalgia, for thousands of Music lovers from almost 200 countries of the World.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Raja, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog.

Today is the 15th of August ֠a date that has a very special meaning and significance for all Indians, wherever they may be in this world. For it was on the 15th of August 1947 that India got its independence from British rule.
This date is therefore understandably celebrated by Indians. It is a national holiday in the country too.
Read more on this topic…


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over FOURTEEN years. This blog has over 17200 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 5000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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(© 2008 - 2022) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

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