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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Master Sonik Songs’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3990 Post No. : 15082

Today’s song is from film ‘Kashmir’ (1951).

More than 3 years ago I had discussed one song from this film. That time I had said this, which is true even today.

In Hindi films, there were quite a few films made on the background of Kashmir. The first such film was ‘Kashmir Ki Kali’ (1940), in which the lead pair was handsome Master Vithal and petite, lovely Kavita Devi. Next was ‘Kashmir Hamara Hai’ (1950) (original name was ‘Bapoo Ne Kaha Tha’) with lead pair of Paresh Bannerjee and Meera Mishra. This was also the first Hindi film of Bombay, in which Jagmohan Sursagar sang a song – Rang De Kesariya’. The third film was ‘Kashmir’ (1951), where the lead pair was beautiful, regal Veena and handsome Al Nasir. This film was actually filmed in Kashmir ghati.

Next film was ‘Kashmir Ki Kali’ (1964), by far the most successful of all Kashmir films so far. The lead pair was debonaire Shammi Kapoor and a debutante Sharmila Tagore. There was also a documentary ‘Kashmir Hamara Hai’ made by Films Division of Indian Government in 1948 which was shown in all theatres in India, in the wake of tribal attacks by Pakistan on Kashmir. Later on some more films on Kashmir were made – (the list is indicative, not exhaustive)

  • Johar in Kashmir (1966)
  • Shayar-E-Kashmir (1972)
  • Love in Kashmir (1976)
  • Mission Kashmir (2000)
  • Kashmir Hamara Hai (2001) ( Unreleased, though Censored on 17-10-2001)
  • Border Kashmir (2002).

‘Kashmir’ (1951) was not a very popular film. The reason was, after the partition and independence, people were looking for a respite from all that patriotic fervor, which they had more than enough for the last few years. They were tired. Now they got what they wanted and some peace of mind was sought, perhaps. Additionally, the Hindi film music was going through its Golden Period and so many films with excellent music were enjoyed by people, may be hence serious films like ‘Kashmir’ issue got side tracked. Though a film buff myself, even I had not seen this film.

The film was produced and directed by Rajendranath Jolly, for Raajdeep Pictures, Bombay. The MD was Hansraj Behl and the lyricists were Sasrshaar Sailaani and Baaba ji, for 9 songs of the film. The song is sung by Mohd. Rafi and Master Sonik.

Master Sonik aka Manohar Lal Sonik was born on 26-11-1926 in Siyalkot, Punjab. By the time he was three years old, he lost his vision completely. Undaunted, he learnt music – first from music school of Lahore and then from Lucknow. For sometime, he was assistant to Pt Amarnath Batish.

After  partition he joined All India Radio, Delhi. Later, he sang 8 songs in 7 Hindi films, namely ‘Chaar Din’ (1949), ‘Stage’ (1951), ‘Kashmir’ (1951), ‘Khaibar’ (1954), ‘Mast Qalandar’ (1955), ‘Inquilab’ (1956) and then after 20 years he sang in film ‘Umar Qaid’ (1975) also. He gave music to film ‘Ishwar Bhakti’ (1951) along with Giridhar and then film ‘Mamta’ (1952), with Hansraj Behl.

Meanwhile, his nephew Omprakash Sonik, who was a singer on Delhi AIR, proposed working as a team of composers. They got their first film ‘Dil Ne Phir Yaad Kiya’ (1966). The songs became very popular. They continued to give music till ‘Anaadi Dada’ (1993). Master Sonik died on 9-7-1993.

The cast of the film was an interesting mix of fading and emerging actors, like Veena, Al Nasir, Badriprashad, Tiwari, Kailash, Uma Dutt, Kamal Kapoor, Nirupa Roy, Arun Ahuja etc. There was also an actress who made her debut with this film. Let us take a look at her short bio again.

For the actress Achala Sachdev (3-5-1920 to 30-4-2012), this was her debut Hindi film (though another film ‘Dilruba’ (1950) featuring her was released prior to this film, but she considers this film as her debut film). Achala Sachdev’s original name was Rajinder. Her name is permanently conjoined with a mother’s role. She did a mother’s role when she was very young and since then – more than a heroine – she has been seen either as a sister or mother in films. In her earliest film ‘Dilruba’ (1950) she was Dev Anand’s sister and later in many films she was a fixed mother of Dev Anand.

She worked in All India Radio, Lahore. She came to Delhi after the Partition and continued her job in All India Radio, till her first film. She acted in 181 Hindi films, 3 Punjabi films and 1 Gujarati film, in addition to 1 incomplete Bangla film. She acted in few television serials and FD documentaries too.

In her early years she had got married to Gyan Sachdeva. She begot one son and one daughter from him. Her son settled in US and daughter in Bombay. When she could not pull on, she divorced her husband. After 12 years of loneliness she fell in love and married an American Clifford Douglas Peters, who was an Engineer and ran an electronics factory in Poona. She stopped accepting new films after 1976 and then shifted to Poona.

After her second husband died, she shifted from her bungalow in Bhosari, near Poona to a spacious flat in Hadapsar area of Poona. She had completed all films on hand, but due to insistence of family friend Yash Chopra, she acted in some of his films – notably ‘Dilwale Dulhaniya Le Jaayenge’ (1995). Though her last film was ‘Dahak’ (1998), her last released film was ‘Suno Sasur Ji’ (2003).

During her heydays, she was very friendly with Sunil Dutt and Nargis, Mona Dev Anand (Kalpana Kartik), Meena Kumari, Saira Bano and her mother Naseem Bano. She was very punctual during her shootings. Once while working in a Rajesh Khanna film, she had to wait for him for 4 hours, with all make up done. When this continued to happen for next 10 days, she left the film and went back to Poona. Rajesh Khanna wrote an apology letter to her and then only she came back to complete the film.

After her husband passed away in 2002, she was all alone. Her last film released in 2003. After that no one from film industry ever contacted her till her last days. She was very generous. She had donated 25 lakhs to an NGO, Janseva Foundation to start ‘Achala Sachdev Institute of Education’. She also gave 15 Lakhs to Dr. HV Desai Eye Hospital for a ward construction. In her last days, she even donated her flat also to the NGO Janseva Foundation.

She was seriously unwell for last 6 months of her life, and was looked after by the NGO. Admitted to Poona General Hospital ICU, she got paralysis, lost her vision and then lost her life on 30-4-2012. A highly successful film star with lots of money, but she was neglected by her own son and daughter. Above all, during her last lonely 10 years in Poona, not one soul from the film world met her. What was pathetic was, when she was admitted in ICU, her attending doctor, Dr. Mehta sent messages to Yash Chopra and others in film industry, but none came or even enquired and she died a lonely death.

(Based on Cine Blitz, Madhuri,Times of India, Indian Express, Wikipedia and info kindly given by Shri Harish Raghuwanshi ji ).

Another interesting person in this film was actor Al Nasir. Many people make a confusion in him and actor Nasir Khan. Some sites even wrongly mix up their filmography. Even earlier, I have clarified this difference. Not many readers will be aware of him. Al Nasir was one of the most handsome actors of his times. ABDUL REHMAN AL NASIR GAZNAVI (popularly known as Al Nasir ) was born on 27-11-1922 in Kabul. His father was a big shot – Chancellor of Law. He was related to the Begum of Junagadh and also to the Nawab of Bhopal.

His schooling was done in Dehradun up to Sr. Cambridge and degree was obtained from Kabul college. He was a tall and handsome young man, who was keen on joining Air Force. He went to Bombay in 1941 for this purpose. While in National Studios to meet a friend, Mehboob spotted him and offered him a job. He was taken on the rolls of studio.

For next 6 months there was only pay, but no work. In 1942 National Studios closed down, but Mohan Sinha offered him hero’s role in film ‘Preetam’ (1942). His father did not like this. However Al Nasir worked in 17 films till 1957.

Being handsome and polished he impressed women . He was a womaniser. During the shooting of film ‘Prithvi Vallabh’ (1943), he married Khursheed Jehan commonly known as Meena (later Meena Shorey). Whenever she was away, he would run after other women. He had an affair with Nigar Sultana. After the divorce with Meena, he married actress  Manorama, when he had gone to Lahore.

He divorced Manorama in 1946 and married actress Veena. They had 2 children. Daughter Huma became a professor and son was Altamash. Al Nasir  was fond of hunting and reading English books.

He acted in ‘Preetam’, ‘Prithvi Vallabh’, ‘Pathron Ke Shehar’, ‘Shehar Se Door’, ‘Dhamkee’, ‘Shalimaar’, ‘Khamosh Nigaahen’, ‘Aarsi’, ‘Ek Roz’, ‘Daastaan’, ‘Bewee’, ‘Kashmir’, ‘Mr and Mrs 55’, ‘Hatimtai Ki Beti’, ‘Sakhi Haatim’, ‘Indrasabha’ and ‘Mera Salaam’.

Al Nasir died at the age of only 35 years, on 17-10-1957.

As mentioned earlier, the film had 9 songs. Today’s song will be the 4th song to be discussed from this film. Coincidence is that both songs, earlier discussed by me – “Uth Ae Watan Ke Naujawan” and today’s song, happen to be patriotic songs, sung by Indian fighters in the film. Surprisingly, both these patriotic songs were not released in Pakistan. My guess is that, the then Government possibly did not want to hurt Pakistan’s feelings, so these songs were released only in India.

One more thing. The first song of this film , discussed earlier by me, was in 2 parts (gramophone record no. N-36728). One more part (part 3) was recorded in the voices of Rafi, Geeta and chorus. This Patriotic song too was not  issued on a commercial record (possibly for the same reason). This information is given in the HFGK itself.

Let us now enjoy the second patriotic song from this film, released only in India and not in Pakistan.

Song – Raah e Wafaa Mein Nikle Hain Seenon Ko Taan Ke (Kashmir) (1951) Singer – Mohammed Rafi, Master Sonik, Lyrics – Saarshaar Sailaani, MD – Hansraj Behl
Chorus

Lyrics

raah e wafaa mein nikle hain
seenon ko taan ke
raah e wafaa mein nikle hain
seenon ko taan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke

hum hausle ke sher hain
dil ke daler hain
dil ke daler hain
parbat hamaare saamne matti ke dher hain
matti ked her hain
sikke bichha ke chhodenge bharat ki shaan ke
bharat ki shaan ke
farzand hum hain
farzand hum hain
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke

ubhre to aasmaan ko neecha dikhaayenge
neecha dikhaayenge
uthe hain apne saath qayaamat uthaayenge
qayaamat uthaayenge
sachche hain apni baat ke
pakke zubaan ke
pakke zubaan ke
farzand hum hain
farzand hum hain
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke

mazhab hai aur cheez
qayaamat hai aur shai
qayaamat hai aur shai
mazhab judaa judaa hain magar qaum ek hai
magar qaum ek hai
taare hain shaikh o barhaman ik aasmaan ke
ik aasmaan ke
farzand hum hain
farzand hum hain
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke

raah e wafaa mein nikle hain
seenon ko taan ke
raah e wafaa mein nikle hain
seenon ko taan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke

———-———————————————–
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

राह ए वफा में निकले हैं
सीनों को तान के
राह ए वफा में निकले हैं
सीनों को तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के

हम हौसले के शेर हैं
दिल के दलेर हैं
दिल के दलेर हैं
परबत हमारे सामने मट्टी के ढेर हैं
मट्टी के ढेर हैं
सिक्के बिछा के छोड़ेंगे भारत की शान के
भारत की शान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के

उभरे तो आसमान को नीचा दिखाएंगे
नीचा दिखाएंगे
उठे हैं अपने साथ क़यामत उठाएंगे
क़यामत उठाएंगे
सच्चे हैं अपनी बात के
पक्के ज़ुबान के
पक्के ज़ुबान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के

मज़हब है और चीज़
क़यामत है और शै
क़यामत है और शै
मज़हब जुदा जुदा हैं मगर क़ौम एक है
मगर क़ौम एक है
तारे हैं शैख ओ बरहमन इक आसमान के
इक आसमान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के

राह ए वफा में निकले हैं
सीनों को तान के
राह ए वफा में निकले हैं
सीनों को तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के

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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has over 15200 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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Movies with all their songs covered =1178
Total Number of movies covered =4183

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