Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Songs of 1942’ Category


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4271 Post No. : 15502 Movie Count :

4272

Today, 28th March, is the remembrance day of another famous creator of musical melodies who has given us some of the most charming songs rooted in the classical music of our country. Shrinath Tripathi or SN Tripathi, passed away, this day in 1988 in Bombay, at the age of 75.

Regulars will remember the film ‘Achhoot Kanya’ (1936), and the iconic song “Main Ban Ki Chidiya Ban Ke Ban Ban Boloon Re”, so wonderfully composed by Saraswati Devi, and rendered by Ashok Kumar and Devika Rani, In an interview once, Ashok Kumar had described how this song was prepared. He was a novice at that time, and not a trained singer. He says that this song was rehearsed for almost a month before Saraswati Devi was satisfied enough to proceed to the recording room. The main stumbling notes for Ashok Kumar and for Devika Rani were the enhanced emphasis on “. . .Boloon Re” and “. . .Doloon Re”. Ashok Kumar narrates that it took him and Devika Rani one full month to render this emphasis to the satisfaction of the music director. A lesser known trivia attached to this anecdote is that SN Tripathi was the assistant music director for this film, and he conducted these rehearsals with the singers for the said one month.

Born in Benaras on 14th March, 1913, young Shrinath got associated quite early with Badriprasad, who was also from Benaras. [Note: Yes, the same Badriprasad whom we are more familiar as a character actor / music director / dance director / story and dialogue writer in Hindi films.] Badriprasad was already associated with the theatre scene in Benaras. Shrinath started to assist him with composing music for the stage plays, according to the scene and action on stage. In the company of Badriprasad, he also got wonderful opportunities to meet and listen to many other artists of classical music, vocal and instrumental, as part of the active cultural environment in the city.

Later, Badriprasad made his way to Calcutta and joined the theatre activities there, and eventually moved to films, and thence migrated to Bomabay (now Mumbai). Shrinath came to Lucknow and joined the Morris College of Music. That is where he met with Himanshu Rai and Devika Rani, who had come scouting for music talent for their production house – Bombay Talkies. They invited Shrinath to Bombay, and he joined them as a violinist and and assistant in the music department. The year would have been 1933 or 34, as his first credits are as the assistant music director for the 1934 film ‘Jeevan Naiya’.

He remained with Bombay Talkies till the release of film ‘Bhabhi’ in 1938. The he struck out, seeking assignments as an independent music director. His first break was with the film ‘Chandan’, which was apparently delayed and got released in 1941. There started a career that continued till the mid 1980s. His last film was ‘Mahasati Tulsi’ (1985). From the mid 1960s to mid 1980s, his assignments dwindled quiet a bit. The musical tastes were changing more towards orchestral and western style tunes. He got confined to religious films and regional films. Coming into the 1980s, he did only 3 films from 1981 to 1985.

As happens usually, the industry stopped paying any attention and his last years were spent in financial difficulties. He left this world after a brief illness, in 1988.

The film ‘Choodiyaan’ was released in 1942. The film was produced under the banner of Prakash Pictures and was directed by KJ Parmar and LJ Bhatt. The cast of actors included Prem Adeeb, Maya Bannerji, Jeevan, Shakir, Gulab, Bholaram, Meher Sultana, Baby Tara, Ranibala, Sitaram, Chiman Seth, Lakshmi, Vasant Kanse, Athawale, OP Sharma amongst others.

The film had eleven songs written by five lyricists – Pt Indra, prem Adib, Ramesh Gupta, Sharma and Tiwari. This song is written by Tiwari. My intuition says that the full name of this song writer is Neelkanth Tiwari. The time period is the same. His career also begins from 1941.

The song is rendered by Rajkumari (Rajkumari Dubey). The song presents a generic ode to the jewllery item ‘choodi’ (bangle). The song presents a  brief description about its construction, and its importance. The beauty of the song is that it is presented as a first person i,.e. the bangle itself is presenting this song. Given that the name of the film is ‘Choodiyaan’, this song might well have been the theme song of the film, and quite possibly may have been played at the time of credits. I request more knowledgeable readers to please add more information about this song and it picturization.

With this song, the film ‘Choodiyaan’ makes its debut on our blog. 🙂

[Note: There is one word in the lyrics that I seek help from readers to decipher. It is in the second antaraa. I request other readers and friends with keener ears to please help.]

Song – Choodi Hoon Main, Ek Kahaani Hoon Main (Choodiyaan) (1942) Singer – Rajkumari, Lyrics – Tiwari, MD – SN Tripathi

Lyrics

choodi hoon main
ek kahaani hoon main
choodi hoon main
ek kahaani hoon main
naari ke
naari ke sukh ki nishaani hoon main
naari ke
naari ke sukh ki nishaani hoon main
choodi hoon main
ek kahaani hoon main

bana kaanch ka hai kada mera tan
bana kaanch ka hai kada mera tan
darpan sa nirmal hai par mera mann
darpan sa nirmal hai par mera mann
zara thhes pahunchi tadakti hoon main
zara thhes pahunchi tadakti hoon main
aisa hai naari ka komal ye mann
aisa hai naari ka komal ye mann
naari ke sapnon ki rani hoon main
naari ke sapnon ki rani hoon main
choodi hoon main
choodi hoon main
ek kahaani hoon main
naari ke
naari ke sukh ki nishaani hoon main
naari ke
naari ke sukh ki nishaani hoon main
choodi hoon main
ek kahaani hoon main

patli kalaai hai phoolon ki daal
patli kalaai hai phoolon ki daal
chidiya si us par chehakti hoon main
patli kalaai hai phoolon ki daal
chidiya si us par chehakti hoon main
pyaari ke yauwan ka main hoon basant
pyaari ke yauwan ka main hoon basant
preetam ke mann mein thhirakti hoon main
preetam ke mann mein thhirakti hoon main
laakhon baras ki jawaani hoon main
laakhon baras ki jawaani hoon main
choodi hoon main
choodi hoon main
ek kahaani hoon main
naari ke
naari ke sukh ki nishaani hoon main
naari ke
naari ke sukh ki nishaani hoon main
choodi hoon main
ek kahaani hoon main

——————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
——————————————

चूड़ी हूँ मैं
एक कहानी हूँ मैं
चूड़ी हूँ मैं
एक कहानी हूँ मैं
नारी के
नारी के सुख की निशानी हूँ मैं
नारी के
नारी के सुख की निशानी हूँ मैं
चूड़ी हूँ मैं
एक कहानी हूँ मैं

बना काँच का है कड़ा मेरा तन
बना काँच का है कड़ा मेरा तन
दर्पण सा निर्मल है पर मेरा मन
दर्पण सा निर्मल है पर मेरा मन
ज़रा ठेस पहुंची तड़कती हूँ मैं
ज़रा ठेस पहुंची तड़कती हूँ मैं
ऐसा नारी का कोमल ये मन
ऐसा नारी का कोमल ये मन
नारी के सपनों की रानी हूँ मैं
नारी के सपनों की रानी हूँ मैं
चूड़ी हूँ मैं
चूड़ी हूँ मैं
एक कहानी हूँ मैं
नारी के
नारी के सुख की निशानी हूँ मैं
नारी के
नारी के सुख की निशानी हूँ मैं
चूड़ी हूँ मैं
एक कहानी हूँ मैं

पतली कलाई है फूलों की डाल
पतली कलाई है फूलों की डाल
चिड़िया सी उस पर चहकती हूँ मैं
पतली कलाई है फूलों की डाल
चिड़िया सी उस पर चहकती हूँ मैं
प्यारी के यौवन का मैं हूँ बसंत
प्यारी के यौवन का मैं हूँ बसंत
प्रीतम के मन में थिरकती हूँ मैं
प्रीतम के मन में थिरकती हूँ मैं
लाखों बरस की जवानी हूँ मैं
लाखों बरस की जवानी हूँ मैं
चूड़ी हूँ मैं
चूड़ी हूँ मैं
एक कहानी हूँ मैं
नारी के
नारी के सुख की निशानी हूँ मैं
नारी के
नारी के सुख की निशानी हूँ मैं
चूड़ी हूँ मैं
एक कहानी हूँ मैं


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4255 Post No. : 15475

“Sewa”(1942), an obscure “social” movie, was directed by Dhirubhai B Desai for Ashok Pictures, Bombay. The movie had Zahoor Raja, A K Kabuli, Hadi, Prabha Shankar, Shyam Sundar, Bulbul, Shanta, Radha Rani, Anwari, Alice etc. in it.

The movie had 13 songs in it. One song has been covered in the past.

Here is the second song from “Sewa”(1942) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Kamla. J C Kaur is the lyricist. music is composed by S N Tripathi.

Only the audio of this song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.

With this song, we now have 200 S N Tripathi compositions in the blog.


Song-Mohan tum Mohan (Sewa)(1942) Singer-Kamla, Lyrics-J C Kapur, MD-S N Tripathi

Lyrics

Mohan tum Mohan
Mohan tum Mohan
mere Mohan
naina sohan
mere Mohan
naina sohan

Mohan Raadhe
Raadhe Mohan
Mohan Raadhe
Raadhe Mohan
Raadha sajni
Mohan Saajan
Raadha sajni
Mohan Saajan

Naina
naina mere Gokul Mathura
naina mere Gokul Mathura
aur man hai Vrindaawan
aa aa
aur man hai Vrindaawan
aa
Vrindaawan ki kunj galin mein
Vrindaawan ki kunj galin mein
murli bajaayenge manmohan
haan murli bajaayenge manmohan
Mohan
tum Mohan
haan
Mohan
tum Mohan
mere Mohan
naina sohan

pee pee papeeha bolega
pee pee
pee pee
pee pee papeeha bolega
kaanon mein amrit gholega
kaanon mein amrit gholega
rimjhim jab meha barsega
rimjhim jab meha barsega
Raadhe ka jiyara dolega
Raadhe ka jiyara dolega aa
Raadha pukaaregi
Mohan
Mohan
Raadha pukaaregi
Mohan
Mohan

Hanste aayenge nand nandan
Hanste aayenge nand nandan
wo paas bulaayenge
aur galey lagaayenge
preet ki reet sikhaayenge Mohan
preet ki reet sikhaayenge Mohan
naina sohan
mere Mohan
Mohan


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4243 Post No. : 15461 Movie Count :

4260

Today’s song is from a Stunt film- Black Out-1942. This was produced by Standard Pictures, Bombay, The film was directed by a veteran- Nari Ghadiyali. Music was by Ninu Mujumdar and Behram Irani. Songs were written by Wahid Qureshi. The film cast consisted of Benjamin, Shobha, Mukhtar, Bibi, Nazira, Sardar Mansoor, Ali, Habib, Bachhu Saoji, Sadiq Ali and many others.

When I read the film’s title, I thought it was based on some war story, because in 1942, there used to be Black Outs in major cities of India, due to fear of bombing by the enemies. In 1942, the second world war was in full force. However, later I found that this film had nothing to do with war and that it was a simple stunt film.

All stunt films had almost the same pattern of story. The only distinguishing factor was the variety of the stunts performed in the films. It depended upon the actors. The director and the cast of film Black out indicated loudly that the team of actors was that of a stunt film. This was clear, because the stunt films had a set of actors and actresses, as well as directors who were specialised in this Genre of films.

In this world, crime takes place only for 4 things. 1. Power, 2. Money, 3. Sex, and 4. Revenge. Stunt films from the 30s to the end of 60s were based only on Money and Revenge. It is only when the complexion of the Indian society changed, then the stunt/action films were made on Sex and Power. Not till then. And nowadays, the word ” Stunt films” is gone for ever. Now such films are called ‘ Super Action Films’ – where the ‘ action ‘ is not by the actors, but managed by the SFX Team (special effects team) !

I have not seen this film myself, but after reading its story synopsis from the film booklet, I find that actually, it was a social film – action and stunts coming only occasionally and they seemed to be incorporated as an afterthought.

Here is the film story:-

Ramesh (Sadiq) has designs on his brother, Dhirjlal’s (Ali) vast wealth which, according to his will, the old man is leaving half to his son Vasant (Sardar Mansoor).
Vasant and his sister Bimla (Shobha), have both been raised in luxury, but while Bimla was a worthy child, Vasant was spoiled and, unknown to his father, a drunkard and a gambler. Ramesh devises a scheme to make his brother realize what kind of a son Vasant really is, in an effort to get Dhirajlal to disown him.

But Vasant has fallen in love with Radha (Mukhtar), the divine daughter of an old employee of Dhirjlal’s. Radha tried to persuade Vasant to end his wicked ways, and because their love was so strong, Vasant became a changed man. Ramesh realizes he needs to up his game, and he hires a group of accomplices, led by a beautiful girl (Bibi), to trick Vasant into appearing in a suggestive photograph to show that he is of loose moral character. Surendra (Benjamin) and his pal Bagla Bhagat (Mehndi Raza) come across this scenario in which Vasant is to be framed, and they attempt to help him out of it, but not before the incriminating photo has been snapped.

Vasant pleads with Surendra to help him get the photo back, and Surendra puts on a disguise, reaches the den on a motorcycle, and succeeds in retrieving the photo, but not without a fight which also involves Bagla Bhagat and Vasant.

Seeing Vasant in jail due to the fight, Dhirjlal prepares a new will, excluding his son. Vasant learns that this was all the work of his greedy uncle and he makes this accusation in the face of his father, who angrily throws Vasant out of the house.

According to the new will, Ramesh becomes the recipient of half of Dhirajlal’s wealth, but Dhirajlal intends to change this after two years time and put Vasant back in the will.

Ramesh makes a plot to stop the will’s revision and Surendra and Bagla Bhagat help Vasant to frustrate the uncle’s plans. All is well at the end.

Shobha has done the role of a side heroine- Bimla in this film. Shobha, unfortunately remains an actress about whom no information is available. On going through the HFGK, I find her name in at least 20+ films. Sometimes she is listed as Shobha Devi. Another bit of information about Shobha was that the actress Lata Sinha, who started as a child star (as Baby Lata) in Riyasat-55 and Nau Do Gyarah-57 etc. was her daughter. Lata did a good role in Bees saal baad-62. She mainly acted in action/stunt, costume and other B and C grade films only. She was also in film Bhoot Bungla-65.

Another interesting actor is Sadiq Ali, who became a regular in stunt films in the 40s, but prior to this, he was with Minerva Movietone. Sadiq Ali, was born on 6-10-1911 at Jullundhar, Punjab. His 2 cousins- Wazir Ali and Nazir Ali were famous Indian cricketers. Sadiq Ali completed his Engineering degree and worked in M.E.S. at Kanpur (Military Engg. Services). Due to strong desire to work in films and dramas, he resigned from his job after 5 years and joined Agha Hashr’s Drama company. When the company was closed, he joined The Burma Imperial film company at Rangoon. After few small roles, he came down to Bombay.

After working in some smaller companies, he joined Minerva Movietone. Starting with khan Bahadur-37, he worked in Minerva’s Pukar-39, Sikandar-41, Phir Milenge-42, Prithwiraj Sanyogita-43, Parakh-44 (only directed by Modi) and Ek din ka sultan-45, also in Sandesa-39,Black out, Duniya tumhari hai, Phir milenge, Ulti Ganga, Patharon ke saudagar,Jagbeeti,Nishana, Do Naina, Manjhdar, Mitti etc. In all he acted in 23 films. His last film was Ever Ready-46. After partition, he migrated to Pakistan.

First film in Pakistan Judai-1950, Shaheena-50, Nazar and Zeenat-51. Other film Shola (1952).

Sadiq Ali was a very successful and famous actor before partition and got the title of Prince of Minerva. He acted in many films in India, but in Pakistan, Sadiq Ali could not be successful as he was in India.

He was paralyzed in 60’s and could be seen sitting with Pan shop in Capitol Cinema lane, Karachi. He died on 12-7-1977 in Karachi. In his last days, he was seen begging on road.

Today’s song is a fun song, sung by film’s Music Director Ninu Mujumdar. The duet also has Rehmat Bai as a lady singer. Rehmat bai aka Rehmat bano was a professional singer from Lahore. Not much is known about this singer.

Ninu Mujumdar was a talented composer, but his career graph did not go up noticeably.

Ninu (Niranjan) Majumdar was born on 9-9-1915 in a Gujarati Nagar Brahmin family of Baroda (Vadodara). Ninu was a pet name that he became famous by. His real name was Niranjan, which he later used as a pen name in his Gazals. His father, Nagendra Mazumdar made silent films. He was also a Music Director and Lyricist in his times. Ninu Majumdar’s name is variously written as Mujumdar, Muzumdar, Majumdar and Mazumdar.

After the early influence of Faiyaz Khan, Mazumdar’s search took him to various routes and he studied different kinds of music before he came into his own to become one of the first Gujarati Sugam Sangeet (light music) singer. He soon graduated to composing his own music and writing songs. Apart from classical music, the earlier influence was also of Ravindra Sangeet. This was at the time when Bengali language enjoyed prestige among Gujaratis of a kind that was comparable to the status of French among the English speaking nations. He grew out of it in a few years.

The more lasting influence on his music was that of folk songs and semi-classical music of Uttar Pradesh (U.P.) like the Hori, Chaiti, Barkha Biraha as well asThumri and Dadra. He learned these during his stint in U.P. where he did farming for some years and also kept in touch through association with people like Satyendra Trivedi, a connoisseur of music and the “Thumri Queen”, Siddheshwari Devi, a family friend and his wife Kaumudi’s Guru.

Ninu’s ambition, even when he started his schooling in music at Baroda, was to become a music director in films. From 1937 onwards he participated in light Gujarati musical programmes. He also produced several features for All India Radio. From 1954, Mazumdar worked with all India Radio in Mumbai for over 20 years as Light Music Producer. He would have liked to take part in Hindi programmes too but the shortage of Gujarati artists forced him to concentrate on programmes in that language.

When in charge of music for the newly launched Vividh Bharati, that had to compete with Radio Ceylon without using any film music (film music was not played on AIR for several years due to conflicts over contracts and royalties), he successfully produced programmes inviting Salil Chaudhary, Kanu Ghosh and others from Bombay Youth Choir or IPTA and using voices of Manna Dey and other well known artists. Later when the issue of royalties was settled between the film producers and AIR, Mazumdar was the first to produce the popular Jaymala Programme by interviewing eminent persons from the film industry.

A career in films was also cut out for Ninu Mazumdar, as his father, Nagendra Mazumdar, was a dramatist and film producer. Nagendra was not much of a musician but he imparted his son training in music from the very early days.

Ninu found the field restricted, in a way in films, because of the need of working at a very fast pace and with view to pleasing the majority among the public. Ninu tried to introduce a new trend in film music, that of, adding a classical touch by borrowing from the old masters like Surdas. These attempts met with considerable success in Gopinath, a picture in which Ninu had interest as a producer as well.

It was in films made in the forties that a young Ninu Mazumdar’s voice could be heard. He sang with Sardar Akhtar in “Uljhan”, with Amirbai Karnataki in “Paristan” and Meena Kapoor in “Gopinath”.

He provided music for Jail Yatra-47 and Gopinath-48, two of the earliest Raj Kapoor films. It is well documented by now that the Yashomati Maiyase Poochhe Nandlala song in RK movie Satyam Shivam Sundaram is a direct lift from Mazumdar’s Aai Gori Radhika in Gopinath.

He also composed music for several Gujarati Films like “Jeevano Jugari”, “Okha Haran”, “Sharad Poonam” etc.

He sang and penned quite a few of his songs. Amongst others who sang for him were Meena Kapoor, Shamshad Begum, Geeta Dutt, Suraiya, Hameedabanu, Pradeepji, C.H.Atma, Ameerbai Karnataki, Raj Kapoor, Shankar Dasgupta, S.D.Batish, Lakshmi Shankar, Talat Mehmood, Siddheshwari Devi, Rajkumar, Nalini Mulgaonkar, Dilip Dholakia, Ajeet Merchant, Shobha Gurtu, Sarla Bhide, Lata Mangeshkar, Asha Bhosale, Manna Dey, Kishori Amonkar, Usha Mangeshkar, Leela Mehta, Premlata Naik, Kishori Ghia, Suman Kalyanpur, Kaumudi Munshi,etc.

Vetern composer Ninu Mazumdar passed away on March 3 2000. Some of his songs have become so popular that people often do not even remember who wrote or composed them.

He gave music to 19 Hindi films – Black out-1942,Amanat, Masterjee, School Master, Kiran, Paristan, Rangila Dost, Main kya karun, Gudiya, Jail yatra, Gopinath, Kuch naya, Aflatoon, Pul, Raj ratan, Ram Shastri, Teen Tasweeren, Bhai Saheb-54 and Punam ka chaand-67.

He sang 28 songs in 13 films and directed 1 film-Kuchh naya-48

His son Uday gave music to TV serial ” Buniyaad ” in the 80s.

With today’s song, film Black out-42 makes its debut on the Blog.


Song-Haay haay haay haay dil ko le gaya chor (Black Out)(1942) Singers- Ninu Mujumdar, Rehmat Bai, Lyricist- Wahid Qureshi, MD- Ninu Mujumdar
Both

Lyrics

Haay haay haay haay
haay haay haay haay
dil ko le gaya chor
Haay haay haay haay
haay haay haay haay
dil ko le gaya chor
ab jaun main kis oar
ab jaun main kis oar
Haay haay haay haay
haay haay haay haay
dil ko le gaya chor
raat ko hamne kheer pakaayi
khaa gayi usko billi
raat ko hamne kheer pakaayi
khaa gayi usko billi
billi ko jab dhoondhne nikle
billi ko jab dhoondhne nikle
jaa pahunche ham Dilli
jaa pahunche ham Dilli
Haay haay haay haay
haay haay haay haay
dil ko le gaya chor
Haay haay haay haay
haay haay haay haay
dil ko le gaya chor

Dilli mein jab khaana khaaya
jaage bhaag jawaan ke
Dilli mein jab khaana khaaya
jaage bhaag jawaan ke
saalan mein thhi mirchi itni
khul gaye dil ke taanke
saalan mein thhi mirchi itni
khul gaye dil ke taanke

Haay haay haay haay
haay haay haay haay
dil ko le gaya chor
Haay haay haay haay
haay haay haay haay
dil ko le gaya chor

Dilli ki jab sair ko nikle
mili hamen ek bandan(?)
Dilli ki jab sair ko nikle
mili hamen ek bandan (??)
aankh matkaa kar boli le do
mujhe sone ke kangan
aankh matkaa kar boli le do
mujhe sone ke kangan
Haay haay haay haay
haay haay haay haay
dil ko le gaya chor
Haay haay haay haay
haay haay haay haay
dil ko le gaya chor


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4238 Post No. : 15450 Movie Count :

4256

Today’s song is from the film Jhankar-42. The song is sung by Rajkumari and chorus. It is a traditional song written by Amir Khusro.

This film was a special film for many people. The Music Director of this film was Bashir Dehlavi who started his career as a Music Director with this film. The film was the first film made by the banner-Silver films, Bombay. The director was S. Khalil making his debut with this film. The cast of the film was Chandra Mohan, Pramila, M.Kumar, Azuri, Shehzadi, Gope, Altaf, Ghulam Mohammed, Chandra kumar and many others.

The cast of the film displays names of artistes who had almost passed their best years. Most actors were from the 1930s and now they tended to do side roles since lead roles were not coming that frequently. Due to excess alcohol, the handsome fine actor Chandramohan was on his way to self destruction. By 1949, his condition was worsoned irreversibly and he died of Liver Cirrhosis. Ghulam Mohammed, once a Hero, was reduced to character roles and after Partition he migrated to Pakistan.

Pramila did only one more film Beqasur-50 and retired from films. In 1942, she did 4 films. The last 1942 film she did was her husband’s film Jhankar-42. Kumar shifted his focus to producing and directing films and finally he too migrated to Pakistan. He continued acting in Pakistan films. Altaf was the husband of actress Khurshid jr. (elder sister of Meena kumari), who was getting edged out slowly as an actress. Actress Shehzadi Jr. also migrated to Pakistan after failing as a Producer (Utho Jaago-47). Gope’s and her last film as a leading pair was Hanso hanso aye duniyawalon, also in 1942. After this film, Gope became a Comedian for full time.

With such cast and debutante director and music director, the new company tried to make a Comedy film. I have not seen this film and I could not find its story or review anywhere on internet or in Film India magazine. However, from the film’s advertisements in the magazine and the news bits in it, I find that the film was not very successful, but must have given enough boost for the producers to go ahead and make 6 more films in next 8 years.

One of the owners of this banner- Silver Films – was actor M. Kumar, who was a successful artiste in the 30s and 40s, having worked with many prestigious banners. KUMAR was born in the prestigious family of Syed s of Lucknow-UP in India, on 23-9-1906. His real name was SYED HASSAN ALI ZAIDI. His family used to call him MIJJAN Miyan.

He was a handsome and tall person. He was keen on joining cinema, so he came to Calcutta and joined New Theatres. After doing side roles in Subah ka Sitara-32 and Zinda Lash-32, he was hero in PURAN BHAGAT in 1933. Even Saigal was also in the film.The film was about to be released and suddenly communal riots broke out in Calcutta.The new Theatre management found it difficult to announce a Muslim name of the hero of PURAN BHAGAT, in the tense atmosphere of Calcutta.The director of the film was Kumar Debaki Bose,a person from a Royal family. He took a decision and told Mijjan,” from today, I am giving you a part of my name. You will become KUMAR now.” This solved the film release problem and thus his name became KUMAR, then onwards. Truly enough, Debki Bose, thereafter never used his name Kumar again in his life !

After doing Yahudi ki Larki, Kumar came to Bombay. First he worked in Sagar ( 3 films) , Imperial (2 films)and then joined Ranjit Studios.

He married another actress PRAMILA , who was actually a Jew, Esther Williams. Pramila was later India’s FIRST Miss India in 1947. They got a son and a daughter Naqi Jehan (who too became a Miss India in 1967, exactly 20 tears after her mother.) Naqi acted opposite Rajesh Khanna in Akhari Khat, as a Heroine. Later she married into the business family of Kamdar of Bombay and became Mrs.Nandini Kamdar. Kumar had 3 sons from his earlier marriage. His first wife and children shifted to Pakistan after the Partition.

Kumar did many films in Ranjit, but in 1942, he was removed from Ranjit. At the same time, his friend, CHANDRAMOHAN also left Minerva Movietone (reason-despite PUKAR-39 being a blockbuster, his salary was not increased inspite of a promise by Sohrab Modi).They both decided to launch own company and on 16-3-1942, SILVER FILM CO. was launched. Its first film was Jhankaar-42. They produced Bhalai-43, Bade Nawab Saab-44, Devar-46, Naseeb-45, Dhun-53 and Bahana-60. Kumar acted in these films. He also directed Dhun and Bahana.

He produced and directed Aap-Beeti-1948 under his own company, Kumar Studios.Then under Shama Productions, he made Nahle pe dehla, Dhoom Dham and Dilbar. Later in life he made Badal aur Bijlee and Jungle King under Artists United films. Kumar worked in 73 films as an actor from 1932 to 1963.

From Najma in 1943, Kumar did only character roles in films like Bhishm Pratigya, Dayara, Mahal, Shri 420, Khiladi, Maalik, Baiju Bawra, Yahudi ki Ladki. His memorable role was in Mughal e Azam, that of the sculptor and a famous song-‘Aye mohabbat zindabad’ was shot on him. His last film was Raat aur Din (released in 1967)

In 1963, Kumar migrated to Pakistan, and started to work in Pakistani films without any delay. His son, S. A. Hafiz, who made Tauba, later became one of the best and well known directors of the country. Later he settled in USA. Kamal and Zeba played the lead in Tauba, which became a grand success. Kumar worked in 22 Pakistani films, including Head Constable, Azad, Shabnam, Naela, Saiqa, Sajda (his own film), Hum Dono, Nadya Ke Paar, Ik Musaflr Ik Hasina, Baalam etc. He gave one Superhit and three Hit films in Pakistan. Interestingly, he continued to act in the name of Kumar only, without using his original Muslim name there. Kumar died on 4-6-1982.

Film Jhankar-42 director S.Khalil directed only 7 films – jhankar-42, Nai Zindagi-43, Bhai Jaan-45, Shahkar-47, Sartaj-50, Gunehgar-53 and Benazir-64.

There is one more name ” Chandra Kumar” in the cast. Hardly, anyone will know who this actor was. He was none other than actor Anil Kumar (real name- Sardar Gul), who actually started his career with Minerva Movietone with its first film ” Said-E-Havas”-36, with the name Chandrakumar. After that he took the name Anil Kumar, but in this film he acted with this name, surprisingly. May be in few other films too he used this name.

Actor Anil Kumar (Sardar Gul) was born in 1915 at Calcutta. His father had a fruit business. They were from Peshawar (just like Dilip Kumar). He was not much educated but could speak Hindi, Urdu and English fluently. Once he went to Bombay to meet a friend. There he met an old acquaintance, who took him to Sohrab Modi.

The good looking Sardar Gul was liked by Modi and he offered him the lead role in his film ‘ Saed E Havas’-36. Sardar Gul was given a screen name of Chandra Kumar. The film was based on a translation of William Shakespeare’s drama- King John, by Agha Hashra Kashmiri in 1907. Sardar Gul was to get Rs. 200 for this work. The film was a flop and Sohrab Modi refused to pay him more than Rs 50. Annoyed, he left Bombay and returned to Calcutta.

However he came back in 1938 and did his first film with a new screen name Anil Kumar. The film was Talwar ka Dhani-38. Soon he was well known and acted in 10 films in next 3 years. As the decade of the 40s saw many new actors, producers and directors, he was reduced to Character roles and side roles. By 1950, he was almost like an extra. He did work in many films, but only few films credited him, as his roles were negligible. We find his name in just 30 films, where he was credited, the last such film being Tarzan and Deliailah-64.

Today’s song is sung by Rajkumari and chorus. The MD Bashir Dehlavi started his career with this film and gave music to 6 more films. His last film was Hawai Khatola-46. The song is a traditional one, written by Amir Khusro (1253 – 1325). This song is used in many films. some films are Heer Ranjha-48, Suhag Raast-48, Nadir Shah-68, Maang bharo Sajna-80 and Umrao Jaan-81 etc. Amir Khusro’s some other songs in films are Chhap tilak sab chhini re in Main Tulsi tere aangan ki- 78 and Rain suhag ki jaagi in Junoon-78.

Let us now enjoy this traditional song. With this song, Film Jhankar-42 makes its Debut here.


Song-Kaahe ko byaahi bidesh re lakhi baabul morey (Jhankaar)(1942) Singer-Rajkumari Dubey, lyrics-Amir Khusro, MD-Basheer Dehalvi

Lyrics

Kaahe ko byaahi bides re lakhi baabul morey
Kaahe ko byaahi bides re lakhi baabul morey
Kaahe ko byaahi bides re lakhi baabul morey

gudiya khilaune maine taak mein chhode
gudiya khilaune maine taak mein chhode
chhoda saheliyon ka saath re
lakhi Baabul more
chhoda saheliyon ka saath re
lakhi Baabul more

Kaahe ko byaahi bides re lakhi baabul morey

sona bhi deenha baabul rupa bhi deenha
sona bhi deenha aa aa aa aa aa aa
sona bhi deenha baabul rupa bhi deenha
deenha ratan jadaau re
lakhi baabul more
deenha ratan jadaau re
lakhi baabul more
Kaahe ko byaahi bides re lakhi baabul morey

itna dihin baabul ???
itna dihin baabul ???
saas nanand bole bol re lakhi baabul morey
saas nanand bole bol re lakhi baabul morey
Kaahe ko byaahi bides re lakhi baabul morey

aam tale se dola jo niksa
aam tale se ae ae ae
aam tale se dola jo niksa
koyal sabad sunaaye re lakhi baabul morey
koyal sabad sunaaye re lakhi baabul morey
Kaahe ko byaahi bides re lakhi baabul morey

tu kya boley meri kaali koyaliya
tu kya boley meri kaali koyaliya
chhoda baabul ka des re lakhi baabul morey
chhoda baabul ka des re lakhi baabul morey
Kaahe ko byaahi bides re lakhi baabul morey
Kaahe ko byaahi bides


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4125 Post No. : 15280 Movie Count :

4205

Today’s song is from film Baraat-42. There was a film in 1960 with the same title and another one in 1954 titled Baraati.

The film was made by Kirti Pictures. The director was Dada aka V M Gunjal. The Lyricist was Gujarat’s famous poet Raskavi Raghunath Bramhabhatt. The music was by Ratanlal and Khemraj ( it was a pseudo name of Khemchand Prakash). The cast of the film was Shobhana Samarth, Harish Manmohan, Kaushalya, Mirza Musharraf, Rampyari, Nayampalli, Vatsala Kumthekar, Putlibai, Prakash, Sankata Prasad etc etc.

From the cast one will find few uncommon names like, Rampyari, Nayapalli, Vatsala Kumthekar, Putlibai and Prakash. The first four artistes were major actors in early era films of the Silent and the Talkie films of the 30s. The decade of 40s was a time when their careers were downhill and coming to an end. The last days of Rampyari and Vatsala Kumthekar were very sad and pathetic. Sankatha Prasad was actually a regular actor at Sagar films, but after the eclipse of Sagar, National and Amar, he became a Free Lancer. His younger brother was Kanhaiyalal Chaturvedi, who had joined film line as a writer and Lyricist, but settled with little fame as comic villain and character roles.

If you take a look at, say, 100 artistes who were active in Silent films and switched over to Talkie films, I feel a major chunk of them had a very bad period at the end of their life. Well known artistes like Rattanbai and Wasti-a one time Hero of successful films, became beggars on the street. Vatsala Kumthekar-a well known singer of repute and a Heroine, roamed the streets of Bombay as a Mad woman and died one day as an unclaimed unknown body ! Same was the case with actor singer Parshuram who became a beggar and died on road in Bandra. There are so many cases like this.

Why did this happen to these people ? Thinking about it, I found that many or rather most of the artistes of early era were from poor families and had joined films to survive. When they got money, they enjoyed life fully, without thinking about future. As such in those days actors did not earn so much as today. Further, there were no investment opportunities like today to secure the future. Film artistes did not enjoy respect in the society, so they enjoyed in wine, dine and women, thus spending what they earned. In few cases, the near and dear ones deserted or cheated them, leaving them penny less. All in all, it was a tough life, no doubt.

The case of Master Nisar, who was at one time the only actor in Bombay to own a car and for whom the Governor of Bombay had to make way due to his fan crowd, is very touching. This one time Prince of acting, having 2 Cars, 2 Bungalows, 4 wives and millions of fans, died a pauper in a slum of Kamathipura in Bombay. His last rites were done by the Actors’ Association.

One of the actresses of the film Baraat-42 was Rampyari. Rampyari hailed from a Telugu family of highly skilled professional dancers and singers. She lived in Nagulchinta area of old Hyderabad city.

She was born in 1908 December, the year Hyderabad witnessed devastating floods. She was taught Urdu and English. Apart from her mother tongue Telugu, she was also proficient in Marathi and Kannada. She was trained in Dancing and singing. In 1918, at the age of 10 years, she was taken to Madras by her aunt, who trained her in Bharat Natyam. After 4 years of rigorous training, she became the best dancer of Madras.

In 1926, a film producer from Kohinoor Film company, Bombay, visiting Madras, saw her dancing and invited her to Bombay. It was the era of Silent movies. Her first film was Gunsundari, with Miss Gauhar and Raja Sandow. It was directed by Chandulal Shah and was released in 1927. Her supporting role as a dancer in the film was lauded by the audience. Next film Vile woman was also successful. She acted in more than 20 Silent films as a Heroine and dancer and established her name as a seasoned actress of the 30s.

With the advent of Talkies, she easily switched over. She had no difficulty in delivering Urdu dialogues. In 1931, she acted in Paak Daman, Laila Majnu and Ghar ki laxmi, Gunsundari in 1934 and Azad Abla, Meethi Nazar and Hamlet in 1935.

Famous director Debki Bose from New Theatres, Calcutta invited her and signed up for ” Sunehra Sansar”-36 and Vidyapati-37, which was a mega hit. She had a big dispute with New Theatres and there was mud slinging through legal letters between her and the company, which called her ‘ a street singer ‘ who was helped by the company. She refuted their charges successfully.

She toured the entire south India and gave dance performances in major cities. She became so famous that the Ceylon Labour Union invited her to Ceylon and presented her with Gold Mementos. She was greatly inspired by the acting of Sulochana aka Ruby Meyers and Miss Gauhar of Ranjit, with whom she acted in many films.

She shifted to Bombay permanently in the 30s. Her family also moved out of Hyderabad and came to Bombay. She had a large fan following in Hyderabad. She had a great fan mail too, which she replied in fluent Urdu and English. Later she got married and retired from films.

She acted in 30 films. Her last film was Dak Bungla-47. She sang 14 songs in 8 films.

The other uncommon name in the cast is that of Nayampalli. S.B. Nayampally (or Nayampalli) was working at the firm of Killick, Nixon and Company when he was discovered by film director P.Y. Altekar at a gym where Nayampally regularly exercised. Altekar felt that Nayampally very much resembled the famous French boxer Georges Carpenter and would be perfect for the stunt films that had become popular at the time. At Altekar’s urging, Nayampally joined Imperial Studios and was quickly cast in his first film, Wedding Night(1929), opposite the popular actress Jilloo.

When he arrived at Imperial to begin his first day of filming he was amused to find that the building now used for the studio had formerly housed the school he’d attended as a child.“Wedding Night was a stunt film of the Robin Hood type,” Nayampally explained in a 1964 interview. “It had a little more of a plot to it than many films of the same class. My next film, Hell’s Paradise (1929), I remember for three reasons. One, it was based on a real-life episode involving an Indian prince and a foreign girl, described as an adventuress. Two, Mama Warerekar, the noted writer, did the story. Three, the film had a kissing scene, probably the first ever in an Indian film.”

Nayampalli was cast in Imperial’s Noorjehan (1931), which was initially to be a silent picture, but because of the success of their film Alam Ara (1931), which was India’s first talkie, the studio decided to make Noorjehan partly with sound. Nayampally was not originally cast in Noorjehan, but a chance meeting with the film’s director, Ezra Mir, got him the role of Prince Salim in the film.Nayampally then played Karna in Imperial’s next sound film, the mythological Draupadi (1931), but the actor considered his best mythological role to be that of the wily Shakuni in Mahatma Vidur (1943), a part that was appreciated by critics and the public, alike.

As sound films came in, silent actors were being discarded in favor of those with stage backgrounds and could not sing, so Nayampalli joined the Grant Anderson Theatrical Company which specialized in Shakespearean plays. After gaining some experience he tried to rejoin films, but without much luck. His previous roles had been leads, so he decided if he wanted to work regularly, maybe he should take a different approach and he offered himself up for character parts.His break came in the role of a hunchback in love with the heroine in Ezra Mir’s Zarina which starred Jal Merchant and Zubeida. The dentures he wore for the role were created specially by a dentist named Jimmy Gheista who had trained abroad with the dentist who had made similar dentures for Lon Chaney.

Nayampally had learned early on how to apply make-up for his roles and, in fact, he became so good at it he eventually came to specialize in horror make-up, which earned him the nickname “The Indian Lon Chaney.” Indeed, Chaney, Erich von Stroheim, Emil Jannings, and John Barrymore were the actors that Nayampally most tried to emulate. Boris Karloff was another of his role models. He was able to put his make-up expertise to good use for the film Sair-e-Paristan (1934), where he was a vampire-like devil, and in Zingaro(1935), in which he played a monster created by a mad scientist, and then as a the hairy “missing link” in Zambo (1937) and its sequel Zambo Ka Beta (1938). For Kalkoot (1935) he created a make-up to resemble the wrinkled effect that Karloff had used in The Mummy(1932).

Nayampally continued working in films throughout the 1940s and 50s, particularly in mythologicals and costume pictures including Raj Nartaki (1941), Nagad Narayan (1943), Vishwas 1943), Taramati(1945), Urvashi (1946), Jhansi-Ki-Rani (1953), Durgesh Nandini (1956), Basant Bahar (1956) and Shiv Parvati (1962) His last credited film appearance was in 1970’s Priya.

After the career in films ended, he started making Documentaries. He made about 35 documentaries. He won ‘ Silver Dolphin’ award for his documentary in the International Film Festival at Teheran in 1970. He died on 7-5-1994, in Mumbai.

The story of the film Baraat-42 was that of a Love pair who get separated and in the end get united, when the Lover Boy brings a Baraat to the Girl’s house. It is also a story of 2 friends who get distanced due to wealth. The story is….Jwala Prasad and Kabirchand are 2 friends staying as neighbours. Jwala has a son Savan and a daughter Lalima. Kabir has 2 daughters- Nayna and Kiran.

Savan and Nayna are betrothed in childhood. By the time they grow up, Jwala Prasad becomes very rich and Kabir remains poor. This creates a distance between the two families and also the marriage of their children is also in jeopardy. The lovers are banned to see each others.

The film is full of emotional scenes and improbable situations. Dada Gunjal’s direction is unable to fill in the gaps in the storyline. The story brings changes in the mindset of Jwala Prasad and finally, he agrees to the marriage.

Today’s song is sung by Suhas and Hashmat. I am not aware who is Suhas, but Hashmat is the real name of actor Prakash, who is in this film. In all probabilities, he is the same person who sang this duet. Hashmat (Prakash) had worked on A.I.R.Delhi as a singer for 2 years, 1938 to 1940, before he came back to Bombay to restart his acting career with Rani Sahiba-1940.

With this song, film Baraat-42 and Suhas and Hashmat make their debut on this Blog.

(Thanks to book ‘ The Lost Treasure ‘ by Kamlakar P. for some information used herein along with my notes.)


Song-Hans le hans le hans le (Baaraat)(1942) Singers – Hashmat, Suhas, Lyrics- Raskavi Raghunath Bramhabhatt, MD – Ratanlal- Khemchand Prakash

Lyrics

Hans le
Hans le
Hans le
Hans le
Hans le
Hans le
hansi se jeevan bhar le ae
Hans le
Hans le
Hans le

tera jaag uthha sansaar
gulshan mein aayi bahaa aar
Hans le
Hans le
Hans le
kali kali upwan mein hansti
haan panchhi hanste lataayen hanstin
panchhi hanste lataayen hanstin
hanste gaate kisaan jaayen
hanste gaate kisaan jaayen
Hans le
Hans le
Hans le

jhaanjhaniyaa jhankaati jaatin
panghat pe purnaar
jhaanjhaniyaa jhankaati jaatin
panghat pe purnaar
tera jaag uthha sansaar
tera jaag uthha sansaar
Hans le
Hans le
Hans le

murli waale
hans khushi se
royen un ko rone do
beh chali nainon ki dhaara
beh chali nainon ki dhaara
man dhoye unko dhone do
tum gaao megh malhaar
tum gaao megh malhaar
waise to mera ujad gaya hai
hara bhara gulzaar

aasha ko mat kar le niraasha
aasha hai sansaa aar
aasha ko mat kar le niraasha
aasha hai sansaar
sun le pyaari
aasha ki jhankaa aar
sun le pyaari
aasha ki jhankaar
tera jaag uthha sansaar
tera jaag uthha sansaar
Hans le
Hans le
Hans le
Hans le
Hans le
Hans le


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day : 4115 Post No. : 15267

Today’s song is from an obscure film Yaad-42, the first directorial adventure of actor – director Mazhar khan. He also acted as a Hero in this film, opposite Veena. Others in the film were Satish, Azuri, Indira Devi, Shehzadi, Haadi, Haroon, Ram Avtar, Devraj etc.etc. Lyricist for its 9 songs was Munshi Arzoo Lucknowi and the music was by K.Datta aka Datta Korgaonkar. Two songs of this film are already discussed, first one in 2014 and the second in 2016.

Neither have I seen this film, nor I could get any information on this film on internet or any book. Obviously, it seems to be just one of those films which come and go without leaving its mark on the way. In those days, like any other year, such non-descript films were made in plenty. Only few films were noticeable and discussed by critics in the Media, i.e. in Newspapers, because this was the only media available in those days.

As said in the beginning, Yaad -42 was not only the first directorial venture for Mazhar Khan, but it was also the first Debut Hindi film for its Heroine Veena. How Veena joined films and how she came to Bombay is a very interesting story. In one of the interviews she gave in November 1981, to Urdu film magazine ‘ Shama ‘, she herself has described all this. Let us also read it once again…

Veena was born as Tajwar Sultana, on 4-7-1926, at Quetta in Baluchistan (now in Pakistan). Her father was in Railways, so he was transferred many times and her education was done at various places, including Delhi. After her Matriculation, she was sent to a women’s college, with Hostel, in Amritsar. In those days, her brother Shehzada Iftekhar was an assistant Cameraman at Northern India Studios, Lahore. This studio advertised for a Heroine, for their new Punjabi film ” Gawandi “. (This brother Iftekhar is many times mistaken for actor Iftekhar- who was totally different. The story of love for Suraiya is of this brother and not that actor Iftekhar.)

A Bangali lecturer from Veena’s college had applied. A few days later, a team (including her brother) from Lahore came to interview her, but she was rejected as she did not know Punjabi well enough. Veena was very keen to apply, but her brother warned her about the family resistance. She prodded him to give her photo to the visitors. Seeing her photo, she was called to Lahore for screen Test. All this was without letting the family know.

One Saturday, Veena left for Lahore. Next day she gave the screen test, mouthing dialogues written by Wali Saheb. She was selected and offered the role. One of the producers- Sheth Kishorilal, suggested to change her name for the screen as Veena ( it was his daughter’s name) and she became Veena.

She completed film ‘Gawandi-42’, opposite Hero Shyam, in just one month and in the next one month, she did another film ‘ Ravi Paar-42′, opposite Hero S.D.Narang. All this was without family’s knowledge, but she was aware of the impending storm. She returned to college. News about her film work had already reached the college. She was thrown out of the college and the hostel for this.

When she returned home, as expected there was a great scene. She was scolded and locked in a room. Her family wanted to get her married, which she vehemently opposed. Her family went to the producers and demanded that the films be destroyed. Of course, this was was not accepted. Meanwhile, Veena had received film offers from Mazhar Khan, Mehboob, Bombay Talkies and Rajneet. She left her house with brother and reached Bombay. Mazhar khan paid her Rs.2000 per month with a Bungalow and a Car. She did her first Hindi film ” Yaad “-42. Then came Najma-43 from Mehboob, Rajputani-44 from Ranjit etc etc. She earned One lakh rupees per film.

Veena did about 100 Hindi films in her career, till she retired in 1983. Even after her husband, Al Nasir’s death in 1957, she continued to stay and work in India with her children. Veena died on 14-11-2004. ( adapted from her interview in Shama, November 1981. Thanks to book ” ye un dinon ki baat hai” by Yasir Abbasi).

In Hindi cinema world, some artistes are known for some specialty. They may not be great artistes, but certain aspect of their career is so famous that they are remembered. For example, ” Dattu Theka” of composer Dattaram was and is very famous in film music. He was a small time composer but became famous for this. Similarly another such person was Datta Korgaonkar alias K.Datta as he was popularly known. He was famous for his passion and intense attachment to Nurjehan’s singing. Though he composed her songs in only 2 films, after she left india, Datta almost felt like a paralytic person and virtually lost interest in his music.

K.Datta or Datta Korgaonkar alias Anna saheb, was born in Sawantwadi in Konkan area on 4-6-1908. He grew up learning to sing. His mother was a Bhajan singer. He started singing on stage during Ganesh utsav melas. He was called to Kolhapur in 1937 to give music to a Marathi film, Chandrarao Morey’-38. His first break in Hindi came in 1939 with Mera Haq,followed by Alakh Niranjan-40, Geeta-40 ( in Hindi and Marathi) and Yaad-42.

He first came face to face with Noorjehan in Naadaan-43. He was simply mesmerised with her voice and singing style. He composed 7 songs for Noorjehan. After doing Zameen-43 and Maharathi Karna-44, he again composed 4 songs for Noorjehan in film Badi Maa-45. His songs ‘ Diya jalakar aap bujhaya’ and ‘ aa intezar hai tera’ are evergreen songs of Nurjehan. He also gave a break to Lata and Asha to sing in a chorus with Noorjehan. It is very sad that initially, K.Datta’s name was not mentioned on the 78 RPM records of Badi Maa. Only on the ‘re-issue’ records his name came up.

His other films were Yateem-45,Shaahkaar-47,Rangmahal-48,meri kahani-48,Daaman-51,Gumaasta-51,Rishta-54,Harihar Bhakti-56 and Ajanabi-66. In film Daman-51, he gave the First duet of Lata and Asha. In all K.Datta gave independently music to just 17 films,plus one film Badmash-44,with Khan Mastana. His Marathi films were 12 from 1938 to 1965. After retirement in 1965,he spent his time in Bhakti, Pooja and Asrology. He used to have special Pooja on every Thursday,when Bhajans were sung. Many composers and other film industry people used to be his visitors. Naushad, C.Ramchandra, Madan Mohan, Sajjad Hussain etc were the regular visitors to Annasaheb. He died on 23-12-1978.

He was a Noorjehan believer to the core. To date K Datta remains the only top composer from Maharashtra to whom Noorjehan came first, Lata later. No one regretted Partition more than K Datta. Indeed, his creativity seemed to come to an end once Noorjehan left him high and dry by moving, with a song on her lips, to Pakistan. He once said, “Noor Jehan left for Pakistan and took my creativity with her”. The four Noorjehan numbers, as fashioned by K. Datta, are historically most important. Because it was hearing and absorbing these four nuggets of Noorjehan, while acting with her in `Badi Maa’, that Lata Mangeshkar learnt to shape her vocal technique. If Lata came to sound a Noorjehan replica for so long, the tonal base for this was laid, just imagine, by a robustly tall Maharashtrian from the ghats called K Datta in `Badi Maa’.The last number of Noorjehan fetched him the ultimate tribute from no less a movie stalwart than Mehboob Khan, who said: “Bhai Datta, yeh gaana to aap ne Khuda ke darbar mein baithe hue banaya lag raha hai” (“It sounds as if you created this song sitting in Allah’s abode”). K Datta used to play Ek anokha gham ek anokhi musibat ho gayi on a harmonium presented to him by O.P. Nayyar. How grimly significant that the one music director, O.P. Nayyar, who never in his life commissioned Lata, should have gifted that harmonium to the one Maharashtrian composer who believed only in Noorjehan!

There is one odd name in the cast of this film- Hadi. His full name was Mohammed Hadi. He was also known as Master Hadi, due to his knowledge of Music and singing. In early Talkie films, he gave music to films, singly and with other composers and also sang songs. But mainly, he was an actor from the Silent era. No wonder he was seen in some films of the First year of Talkie films of 1931, like Draupadi, in which he had played the role of Shakuni. he sang 3 songs also. He was seen in other films like Abu hasan-31, and Daulat ka Nasha-31. His acting in saubhagya Sundari-33 and Sulochana -33 was much appreciated. He is estimated to have acted in about 30 films till 1947.

The other interesting name that appears in the cast is of Shehzadi. The original actress Shehzadi was the sister of Alam Ara-31 heroine Zubeida and Sultana. All 3 sisters retired from films in or around 1936.

This Shehzadi was different. She was born in Bombay and was well conversant with Hindi, Marathi, Urdu, Gujarati, Bangla and English. She joined Bombay Talkies and made her debut in film Jhoola-41. She was in the famous Dance-song ” Main to Dilli se dulhan laya re” along with Mumtaz Ali. She worked in films of Chitra productions,Saubhagya Pictures, Star Productions and Asiatic productions. She was Heroine of Gope in film ” Haso Haso aye duniya walon”-47.

Her acting in Saheli-42 and Yaad-42 was much appreciated. She did 26 films from 41 to 47 period. She started her own Ratnakar Productions in 1947 and made film ” Utho Jaago”-47, with actor Ashiq Hussain as a Hero. Soon after Partition, she married Ashiq Hussain and they migrated to Pakistan.

Yet one more name is Indira Devi. She was an Anglo-Indian from Calcutta with original name-Eugenia Peterson. She started with Silent films in 1927 ,like Jaidev, jana,Punarjanma, Kapal Kundala, Ganesh janma, Rajsinha, Waman Avtar etc etc. She got married in 1930 and stopped working in films till 1935, to raise a family. She changed her name to Effie Hippolite, but for films she took name of Indira Devi. She started with film Wamaq Azra-35. She went on to do 21 films till 1947, after which there is no information about her. Probably, she migrated to Britain.

Today’s song is sung by Saraswati Rane. This is the 3rd song from this film to be posted here.


Song-Haay Raama tirchhi najariya ne maara (Yaad)(1942) Singer- Saraswati Rane, Lyrics- Munshi Arzoo Lucknowi, MD- K Datta

Lyrics

Haay Raama
haay raama
haay raama
tirchhi najariya ne
tirchhi najariya ne maara
haay raama
tirchhi najariya ne
tirchhi najariya ne maara

?? joban ??
nainan par
?? maara
aa aa
aa aa
haa aa aa aa
haay raama
tirchhi najariya ne
tirchhi najariya ne maara

aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa
haa aa aa aa aa
haa aa aa aa aa
?? nahin jaani
?? nahin jaani
baali umariya ne maara
aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
haa aa aa aa
haay raama
tirchhi najariya ne
tirchhi najariya ne maara
haa aa aa
haa
haa aa aa
haa
haa aa aa
haa
haay raama
tirchhi najariya ne
tirchhi najariya ne maara

sagri raina mohe tadpat beeti
sooni sajariya ne maara
aa aa
aa aa aa
sooni sajariya ne maara
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
haa aa aa aa
haay raama
tirchhi najariya ne
tirchhi najariya ne maara


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4091 Post No. : 15233 Movie Count :

4186

Today’s song is from the film Vijay-42 – a very obscure film. The film was made by National studios. It was directed by Mohan Sinha. Lyrics of all the 10 songs of the film were by Dr. Safdar Aah Sitapuri, which were composed by Anil Biswas.

Due to heavy losses and the general effects of the second world war, Sagar Movietone was in the red and it joined hands with Yusuf Fazal Bhoy (of RCA)’s company General Films to start a new venture ” National Studios “, in which even Tatas invested some money. National studios made a total of 16 films, before it was wound up. Chimanlal Desai of Sagar left after the first 3 films,namely Aurat, Pooja and Sanskar – all in 1940, and started his own Amar pictures.

The cast of film Vijay was Durga Khote, Harish, Husn Bano, Sankatha Prasad, Vaskar, Maya Devi, Ansari, Agha etc etc.

In our life, there are times when we think of ” Lucky and Unlucky”. Human nature, in general is such that it tends to consider certain things as Lucky for him. It can be people, place or even inanimate things. I have noticed that mostly those people whose livelihood revolves round their physical performance, say like Sports, Acting or other artists believe in Lucky-Unlucky most. There was that famous Cricketer who always entered the playing field with his right foot first. Another one put on his left shoe first. Everybody’s method of wooing the Luck factor is different.

A performance industry like Film Industry is not immune from this Lucky-Unlucky factor. Individual actors or MDs, Lead Pairs, Film Titles, Film stories etc have been labelled Unlucky unabashedly, by the industry. Let us see some examples…

Composer Daan Singh had 6 films in hand, but 4 remained incomplete and only 2 got released. Even his 2 Rajasthani films remained unfinished. He was promptly labelled Unlucky and had to go back to his native place. Kamal Rajasthani had the same story. Out of 9 films on hand, 7 were unfinished and only 2 C grade films were released. He too was called Unlucky.

Rajendra Kumar- Waheeda Rahman was an unlucky pair. Dalsukh Pancholi gave them lead roles in his film ‘Nirmala’. He died and the film was shelved half way. Film ‘Palki’-67 was under making, when its director S U Sunny died. The film was somehow competed but it flopped miserably. Then S S Vasan brought them together in film Shatranj-69. He died during the shootings and it was left incomplete. In film Dharti-70, this pair was in lead, but the director’s mother died on the sets and the film was left stranded. Is it a wonder, if the pair was called ‘Unlucky’ ?

Another Unlucky pair was Dev Anand- Meena Kumari. In film Sanam-51, Meena Kumatri was a side Heroine. From this film Dev-Suraiya pair separated for ever. Its director Nandlal Jaswantlal started his downfall and subsequently died later. The pair came again in films Tamasha and Baadbaan , made by the employees of Bombay Talkies. Both films flopped and Bombay Talkies closed down for ever. Another of their film “Kinare Kinare” was delayed for almost 10 years, finally releasing in 1963, but flopped to such an extent that its producer Nyay Sharma got heart attack due to high debts. No one dared to bring this pair again in any film !

Finally, the curious case of unlucky actor Gajanan Jagirdar. In 1941, Jagirdar worked in Prabhat’s film ” Padosi”. After this film , V. Shantaram and Jayashree left Prabhat. In 1944, Jagirdar directed and acted in and as “Ramshastri” for Prabhat. During the film shooting, Prabhat’s partner Vishnupant Damle expired and Prabhat became rudderless. Third time when Jagirdar went to Prabhat to act as and in ” Lokmanya Tilak”, Prabhat not only closed down but was also auctioned ! Jagirdar acted in film “Mahatma” in English, Hindi and Marathi in 1953 for Alhad Chitra’s Datta Dharmadhikari. Due to high debts, the company not only closed down, but the wife of Dharmadhikari had to cook and make Tiffins to survive ! Finally, when he acted in film ” Shahir Parshuram”-61, made by Mangal pictures, the company closed down and was sold out ! No wonder, in film circles, Jagirdar was typedcast as ” Unlucky ” !!

Why I remembered this Lucky-Unlucky matter was the title of today’s film – Vijay. The name Vijay has a special significance in film industry. When Amitabh Bachhan was going through a real bad patch in his career, he got the film “Zanjeer”-73, by chance and this film changed his life for ever and he never looked back. This hit film had Amitabh as Vijay in it as his name. Amitabh was so much enamoured with the name Vijay, that he started insisting that in every film his name should be Vijay – for luck. And sure enough, in films like Deewar, Hera Pheri, Trishul, Shahenshah, Agneepath (My name is Vijay Deenanath Chavan), Shaan, Shakti, Don, Dostana etc he was named Vijay and the films succeeded. Even in film Sholey, his name was Jay – a short form of Vijay, to pair with name Veeru !

According to one film site, Amitabh was named Vijay in as many as 20+ films from 1973 to 2000. Since finding name Vijay successful, many other actors too wanted this name and consequently, Jeetendra was Vijay in 18 films, Mithun Chakrawarty was Vijay in 16 films. Additionally Shashi Kapoor in 7, Shatrughna Sinha in 6, Raj Babbar in 6, Jacky Shroff in 5, Sunil Dutt in 4 films. Further Govinda, Rajesh khanna, Vinod Khanna etc also had Vijay name by choice in their films.

So much for the concept of Lucky – Unlucky !

Film Vijay-42 was directed by Mohan Sinha. Mohan Sinha was born on 2-12-1903 at Indore. He studied upto Matriculation in Indore. His uncle was General Bhavnani Singh, who was in the Indore state army. With his help, Mohan got in state army as a Lieutenant. However, he did not continue for long and left the army. In 1933, he started a film company at Indore-Navyug films. But due to lack of opportunities in Indore, it was closed soon.

Mohan came to Bombay, floated Krishna Films and made and directed a film ” Fashionable India”-35. It was a hit film and he got offers from Rajputana films,General Pictures, Circo and National. He worked with all of them. Sinha went to Calcutta and started Murli pictures. He made ” Swaraj ke sipahi”-37, which was a flop. He came back to Bombay and directed Industrial India-38, for General films. Then came Swastik-39, Laxmi-40,Anuradha-40 and Vanmala-41. He floated Murari Pictures in 1942 and made Badlati Duniya-43 and Krishnarjuna yudha-45 ( This film was appreciated by Dr. Rajendra prasad, Dr. Shamaprasad Mukherji, Veer Savarkar and Acharya kriplani also)

In 1946, Mohan Sinha directed K L Saigal in Omar Khayyam, Surendra in 1857, Raj Kapoor in Dil ki Rani-47 and Dev Anand in Jeet-49. Mohan Sinha directed in all 32 films. He wrote lyrics for 62 songs in 7 films. His last film was Shaan E Hind-60. He died in 1984. Mohan Sinha’s granddaughter Vidya Sinha was an actress. Vidya’s mother was Mohan’s daughter and she died while giving birth to Vidya. From what I had read somewhere, Vidya’s father PRATAP RANA was so grief stricken that he refused to see his new born daughter and it was Mohan who brought her up and even named the little one after her Late mother VIDYA and gave her his own surname.

All the songs of film Vijay-42 were written by Dr.Safdar Aah Sitapuri. It was director Mehboob, who brought Safdar as a Lyricist for his film Aurat-40, made by National Studios. The composer was Anil Biswas. The pair of Anil Biswas and Safdar lasted for many films. In fact, Dr. Safdar wrote his last song for film Maan-54 for which Anil Biswas composed the music.

Dr. Safdar gave songs to many films of National Studios like, Asra, behan,Roshni, Roti, Vijay etc. His best known song was was the famous Mukesh song ‘ Dil jalta hai to jalne de” from Pehli Nazar-45. He wrote 197 songs for 28 films. He also tried his hand at directing 2 films, namely Bhookh-47 and Maan-54.

Today’s song is a very rare song. According to the uploader, our own Sadanand Kamath ji, it is probably the only song which used the word ” Dilchasp’ in the lyrics.

The song is very melodious and is a duet of Anil Biswas and Amar- an occasional singer. The real name of Amar was Nasir. He was from Punjab. He was born in 1920. After doing bit roles in some films,he got a major break in film Sanyasi-45,in which he sang 5 duets and 1 solo. His solo song,’ Tooti hui kashti’ became very popular.

In 1946,he was the Hero of film Bindiya, where Ragini ( who later migrated to Pakistan) was his Heroine. MD was Kamal Dasgupta, who gave him 3 songs.

Then he was Hero of Suraiya in Natak-47. He sang 1 duet with her and 2 solos. Later he did films like Maang, Lalaji, Vijay, Shukriya, Keemat etc. After 1950 he was doing character roles till 1970. He acted in total 89 films and sang 18 songs in 8 films. He died in 1980.

With this song, “Vijay”(1942) makes its debut in the blog.


Song- Haay dil haay dil (Vijay)(1942) Singers- Anil Biswas, Amar, Lyrics- Dr. Safdar Aah Sitapuri, MD- Anil Biswas
chorus

Lyrics

haay dil
haay dil
haay dil
haay dil

kaash khoya hua mera mil jaaye dil
kaash khoya hua mera mil jaaye dil
haay dil
haay dil
haay dil
haay dil

ye haseenon ka dilchasp baazaar hai
jisko dekho wo dil ka khareedaar hai
ye haseenon ka dilchasp baazaar hai
jisko dekho wo dil ka khareedaar hai
kaise bach kar yahaan se bhalaa jaaye dil
kaise bach kar yahaan se bhalaa jaaye dil
haay dil
haay dil
haay dil
haay dil

koi kahta hai dilwaale aana idhar
koi kahta hai dilwaale aana idhar
koi zaalim chalaata hai teer e nazar
koi zaalim chalaata hai teer e nazar

sa yahi chaahte hain ki mit jaaye dil
sab yahi chaahte hain ki mit jaaye dil
haay dil
haay dil
haay dil
haay dil

kaash khoya hua mera mil jaaye dil
kaash khoya hua mera mil jaaye dil
haay dil
haay dil
haay dil
haay dil


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3920 Post No. : 14983 Movie Count :

4097

Today’s song is from a film, which is not only a rare but also an obscure film, about which not much is known. The film is Mera Gaon-1942.

1942 was an important year in the Independence struggle of our country. The historical ” Quit India ” (चले जाव) movement was launched by Gandhiji. He had also appealed to Indians to march towards the villages, where the real India lay, according to his philosophy. Due to unemployment and frequent dry spells in the countryside, the farmers started an influx to the cities leaving their farms. His appeal was towards such people to go back to their villages.

Impressed with Gandhiji’s clarion call, even film makers were eager to make patriotic films and songs. One such patriotic song from film Kismet-43 came under the scan of the British empire and its writer-Kavi Pradeep- had to go underground for some time to avoid arrest. Film Mera Gaon-42 was also one such patriotic film. Though I have not seen this film, I have seen its photos and comments thereon in Film India issues of 1942. A lot can be guessed from it.

The film was made by laxmi productions, Bombay and was directed by a popular and veteran Bangla director Profull Roy. Music was also by a veteran Bangla composer-K C Dey. Bengal’s respected, popular and skilled actress Chhaya Devi also acted in this Hindi film. Prafulla Roy ( Born on 1-1-1892 at Kushtia, Bengal) started his career from silent era by directing 2 silent films. His first talkie film in Hindi was Ramayan-34, made by Bharat Laxmi Pictures, Calcutta.

After New Theatres became well established and made films in Bangla and Hindi competition came up. Calcutta’s New Theatres was like a family. It ran on systems. It became a way of life for people working in it. Since its establishment in 1930, competition increased consistently, in the number of film producing companies in Calcutta. By 1938, there were many Production houses in Calcutta alone. Some of them were- Arora Film Co..,Shri Bharat Laxmi Pictures, Chitramandir RBS Prodn, Dev-Dutt films, East India F.Co., Indua Movietone, Kali Films, Kamala Talkies, Madan Theatres, New Popular Pictures, Moti mahal Theatres, Murli Pictures, Quality Pictures, Radha F.Co., Sonoray Picture Syndicate, Sunrise F.Co., M and S.F.D. Company, and Tollywood studio. ( interesting point is, Bombay film industry came to be known as Bollywood decades after this Calcutta studio-Tollywood- which continued till today for Bangla Film industry). Only few of these were regular film production houses with own facilities. Most others were formed to produce occasional films, using facilities at the regular production houses.

One of the major production house was Bharat Laxmi. Established in 1934 by Babulal Choukhani in Kolkata, Shree Bharat Lakshmi Pictures became a force to reckon with in Bangla cinema and churned out many important productions in the coming two decades. In the very same year, Choukhani sets up Bharat Lakshmi Studio in Tollygunge and gets industry stalwarts like Ahindra Chowdhury, Jahar Ganguly and Dhiraj Bhattacharya to collaborate with him on some major projects of this decade. Prolific, resourceful and immensely enterprising, Shree Bharat Lakshmi Pictures holds a key position in the history of Bangla cinema.

This Bharat Laxmi Pictures had taken Prafull Roy as its director for Bangla and Hindi films. Roy directed 12 films in Hindi. 9 out of them were made in Calcutta, 1 film in Lahore (Prem yatra-37) and 2 in Bombay (Mera Gaon-42 and Phulwari-51). Roy had also acted in 2 New Theatres films, namely Millionaire-36 and Mukti-37.

Chhaya Devi, who was a very well known name in Bangal, came to Bombay for this film, only on the special request of Prafull Roy. Same reason for K C Dey also for this film.

Chhaya Devi – one of the greatest actresses to have ever graced the cinema screen. At a time when women were few in acting, this lady dedicated herself wholeheartedly to the art of cinema and music. Quite less is known of Chhaya Devi about her early life.

Chhaya Devi was born in Bhagalpur in the year 1921 in a very educated and aristocrat family. Her father was Haradhan Gangopadhay. Chhaya Devi was known as “Kanak” in her childhood. Chhaya Devi started her primary education in Mikkhoda Girls School of Bhagalpur. Then her father shifted to Delhi. There she was adimitted in the Indraprastha Girls School. As per her family regulations she was married to Buddhadeb Chattopadhay at the age of only 11. In her early years of marriage, she suffered domestic violence from her husband who was the head master at the Zila School in Ranchi. In an effort to escape the torture and lead a more independent life, She came to Kolkata with her father, when she was a student of tenth standard.

In Kolkata she started taking lessons in music from legendary singer Krishna Chandra Dey. She was introduced to Upen Goswami of East India Film Company by her cousin Suresh Chandra. Suresh Chandra was a theatre enthusiast and a close friend to Upen Goswami. East India Film Company engaged Chhaya Devi for their film “Pather Seshe” in lien of a low remuneration of Rs. 750/-. There after Debaki Basu gave her a chance in “Sonar Sangsar”. This film was released in the year 1936 and it brought fame to Chhaya Devi. She then acted in films like “Rajani”, “Chhinna Haar”, “Pratisodh” and Devika Basu directed Hindi film “Bidyapati”. Suddenly she left film acting and went back to Bhopalpur. There she started taking lessons on classical music from Damodar Mishra. She used to sing Khayal and Thumri from Radio Station. She learnt classical dancing from Shanku Maharaj and Bela Aruab. After few years on request of director Sushil Majumdar and others Chhaya Devi again returned to the film industry. She acted in “Abhayer Biye”. She also sang a few songs in that film.She acted on multi-version (Bengali-Hindi-Tamil) film “Ratnadwip”. Apart from Bengali films she simultaneously acted in many Hindi films in this second phase. Her remarkable films were “Dada Thakur”, “Raja Ram Mohon”, “Arogyo Niketan”, “Sapta Padi”, “Apanjan” etc.

Though Chhaya Devi debuted in Bengali movie Sonar Sansar in 1936, she acquired fame for the outstanding acting in the role of Queen Lakshmi in the movie Bidyapati in 1938.From lead female roles in her early days to character roles in her later years, Chhaya Devi had shown her creative ability in acting. In Atal Jaler Ahwan (1962), she stole the heart of the viewers with her soft and loving acting as mother of Soumitra Chatterjee. In Deya Neya (1963) she acted as the helpless mother of the aspirant singer Prashanta (Uttam Kumar). In the movie Saat Pake Badha (1963) she was the heartless, rude and indifferent mother of Suchitra Sen opposing the affair of her daughter with Soumitra. Chhaya Devi played the role of the mother of Uttam Kumar in many films. In Anthony Firingee (1967), Chhaya Devi was mother of Hensman Antony (Uttam Kumar). Apanjan, an outstanding film directed by Tapan Sinha in 1967, which won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Bengali, as well as several BFJA Awards, was considered having one of the best of the performances of Chhaya Devi. In Podi Pisir Bormi Bakso (1972), a children’s movie made from a story written by Leela Majumdar and directed by Arundhati Devi, Chhaya Devi played an unforgettable lead comic role of Podi Pisi, the widowed elderly aunt.

Chhaya Devi acted in only 8 Hindi films, namely Vidyapati-37, The Rise-39, Mera Gaon-42, Shri Ramanuj-43. Uttara Abhimanyu-46, Jogi aur Jawani-75, Aalaap-77 and Rang Birangi-83. Chhaya Devi died on 27-4-2001.

The cast of the film was Hansa Wadkar, Chhaya Devi, Jairaj, K C Dey, Majid, Agha, Moti, Kashinath etc. There were 10 songs in the film, all written by Kavi Raghunath Bramhabhatt. Raghunath Brahmbhatt was born on 13-12-1892. He was a famous Gujarati poet and also a popular playwright. He was aptly called ‘Rasakavi’ or ‘Poet of rasa’. He began his career by writing erotic poems that became very popular. His plays mainly tackled mythological and historical subjects, such as Buddhadev i.e. ‘The God Buddha’, Sringi rishi i.e. ‘Mountain Sage’, Ajatsatru, Saraswatichandra, Sneh mudra i.e. ‘Ring of Affection’. He followed Sanskrit dramaturgy i.e. a novelty when Shakespearean adaptations ruled the Gujarati stage. His adaptations of Nanalal Kavi’s verse plays and Govardhanrams novel, Saraswatichandra, were highly appreciated by audiences. He is accepted in literary circles as a major dramatist, a rare recognition for a writer of the old professional theatre. His autobiography Smaran manjari i.e. ‘Cluster of Memories’ in 1955 traces the history of Gujarati theatre over three decades beginning from 1910.

Darpana’s productions of his play Kalyan rajya i.e. ‘Benevolent Kingdom’ in 1962 points to his ability to attract the experimental theatre. Raghunath Brahmbhatt died on 11-7-1983. He wrote lyrics for just 6 Hindi films- Do deewane-36, Baaraat-42, Mera Gaon-42, Ashirwad-43, Bhakta Bilwamangal-48 and Roop sundari-49.

Here is the rare song, sung by K C Dey, an unknown female and chorus.


Song-Nandrani ki kasam, Thakurani ki kasam (Mera Gaaon)(1942) Singers- K C Dey, unknown female voice, Lyrics- Kavi Raghunath Bramhabhatt, MD- K C Dey
chorus

Lyrics

Nandrani ki kasam,
Thakurani ki kasam
kanhaiyya saamne ho
ho
kanhaiyya saamne ho
ho
kanhaiyya saamne

bansi ke bajaane
?? ke laal
kanhaiyya saamne ho
ho
kanhaiyya saamne ho
ho
kanhaiyya saamne

kahaan se aayi
kaun bulaayi
kahaan se aayi
kaun bulaayi
aa kar raar kyon machaayi
aa kar raar kyon machaayi

jaa re tori chaturaayi ?? re
jaa re tori chaturaayi ?? re
ho
kanhaiyya saamne ho
ho
kanhaiyya saamne

bansuri ?? kanhaayi
kanhaayi
apni baansuri bajaayi
bajaayi
toone ?? karaayi
mohe neend se jagaayi
baansuri ?? kanhaayi
apni baansuri bajaayi
toone murli chalaayi
mohe neend se jagaayi

koi haath ke kangan
aaha
koi haath ke kangan
aha
koi kangan ke ratan
bhool aayi re
gori haath ke kangan
gori haath ke kangan
koi rang ke ratan
bhool aayi re
ho kanhaiyya
saamne ho
kanhaiyya saamne

giridhaari ee ee ee ee
giridhaari natwar shyaam
giridhaari natwar shyaam
har dil mein tera dhaam
har dil mein tera dhaam
hriday kunj mein
mohan teri
murli baje aviraam
hriday kunj mein
mohan teri
murli baje aviraam
giridhaari natwar shyaam
giridhaari natwar shyaam

baja le prem se
ho baja le prem se
baja re prem se
ho baja re prem se
prem ki ye bansari
gopal
baja le prem se
prem ki hai bansari
?? kunj mein gopal baja le
prem se
baja le prem se
ho baja le prem se


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3864 Post No. : 14881 Movie Count :

4070

Today’s song is from a film Iqraar-42. The song is sung by Bulo C Rani, who became a Music Director himself in 1943. Music Director for this film was Khemchand Prakash. The film was directed by Manibhai Vyas. The 10 songs of the film were written by Pt. Indra and Munshi Dil. The cast of the film was, Madhuri, Motilal, Rama Shukul, Shanta Kashmiri,Bhagwandas, Tarabai, Bhoopat Rai and others.

Cut to….

———————————————
Place- Shanmukhanand Hall,Mumbai
Date 7-2-1999
Time- 7 p.m.
Programme- Felicitation to ‘ Stars from the Silent Era’
Organisers- ” Amrut” and ” Cine Society of Bombay ”

The entire hall was overcrowded. Not only all the seats were occupied,but people were standing wherever possible. Everybody wanted to see the Two STARS on the stage-Jairaj and Madhuri. Both were in their late 80s,but looked radiant and smiling. For Madhuri it was a surprise,that the organisers found her out after living in oblivion for over 50 years. She was simply overwhelmed with the people’s affection and love. For Jairaj,these things were not new. He has been around all the time.

Madhuri and Jairaj were a Popular pair in Silent film era. They worked as a lead pair in 3 films, one each in 1930-Rasili Rani, 1931-Warrior from the wild and 1932-My Hero. They came together after almost 70 years,on this stage.

Like many others, Madhuri too was an Anglo Indian. Her name was Beryl Claessen. She was born on 3-11-1913 at Delhi. Her father was a big officer in Government. Her initial schooling took place in Nainital. She learnt music too,because she wanted to become a Music Teacher. However that she never became,but on a visit to Bombay she was picked up by producer Indulal Yagnik and she started acting in silent films.

Many Heroines in those days were Anglo-Indians, Europeans or Jew girls. Since silent films did not require speaking Hindi or Urdu ( or any language,for that matter),these girls were preferred, as Indian audience loved their fair colour (Gori Mem). Additionally,these girls did not hesitate to give intimate scenes like kissing or doing stunts themselves. Most girls knew Horse riding, fencing and fighting.

In 1928,there was a Silent film Madhuri, but actress Sulochana(Ruby Myers) did this role and in 1932 there was a Talkie film Madhuri,in which also Sulochana only did the role. When Talkie films era began most of the Anglo Indian girls became jobless, since they could not speak Hindi/Urdu nor could they sing a song-the two requirements for actresses in Talkie films. However, a few intelligent and professional actresses learnt Hindi/Urdu language speaking. Madhuri and Sabita Devi (Irene Gasper) were two such clever girls who achieved proficiency in these matters.

Madhuri was very beautiful. After doing 17 silent films,she made her debut in Talike films with ‘ Pardesi Preetam’-1933. Jaswantlal Nandlal directed his first film here. Her Hero was Raja Sandow. She did many films for Ranjit under the direction of Jayant Desai. From 1933 to 1942,she acted in 26 films. They were (not in order) Kashmeera,Mitti ka Putla,Noor e watan,Secretary,Lehri lala,Rangeela Raja,Sitamgarh,Prithviputra,Thokar,Raj Ramni,Diwali,Matlabi Duniya,Toofani Toli,Shama parwana,College Girl,Nadira,Veer babruvahan,Zamin ka chaand,Ban ki chidia,Toofan Mail,mehmanSasural,shadi and Ikrar. By the way, Iqrar – 42 was Madhuri’s last film.

In 1941, Madhuri got married and retired from Film line. After this she simply disappeared for next 50 years without a trace,till the organisers of above programme located her.

This film was made by the film producing machine of the Industry- Ranjit Movietone. The huge set up of the studio, having a galaxy of stars on its roll, had at one time, as many as 300 persons on its pay roll. Most of the workers used to live in studio premises or around it. The Government had opened a Ration shop in the studio campus, for the benefit of their families.

I said it was a film machine, because at a time 5 to 6 films’ shootings took place on the 6 floors of the studio and films for future were planned at the same time. As per a News item published in Film India Magazine of November 1942, the studio had films ready for release…Gauri, Chhoti Maa, Bhakta Surdas, Dukh Sukh, Fariyad, Andhera and Iqrar. The films on floor were Tansen, Vish kanya, Sati Parvati, Kalidas, Shrawan kumar, Rakhi and Jaydev. Due to this continuous activity, the studio staff was always busy and one could hearthe musical rehearsals from near the Music Department.

Like all studios, Ranjit too had a system of employing Music Directors on monthly basis for long terms. In 1942, it was Khemchand Prakash. Hailing from Sujanghar in Rajasthan, Kemchand Prakash, born on 12-12-1907, was an accomplished Kathak dancer and a classical singer. The earthy music of Rajasthan flowed in his veins and helped him infuse irresistible charm into his compositions.

He learned Dhrupad *gaayaki* from his father Govardhan Prasad. He then went to Nepal and lived there for eight years under the patronage of the Maharaja. His career in films began when, on his return, he joined New Theatres (Calcutta) as an assistant to Timir Baran on a monthly salary of Rs.120. When he left New Theatres in 1939 he was drawing Rs. 500 p.m.

As Baran’s assistant he was said to have composed Saigal’s “baalam aaye baso more nam me.n” (in Raag Kafi) and “dukh ke ab bitat nahin” (Raag Des) in’Devdas.’ He even enacted a comic scene and sang a song “lo khaa lo madam khaanaa” in ‘Street Singer’ at the suggestion of the director, Phani Majumdar.

Khemchand migrated to Bombay with Prithviraj Kapoor and Kidar Sharma in search of independent assignments and joined Ranjit Movietone. Khemchand was employed by Ranjit Movietone from 1940 to 1945, in place of Gyan Dutt who was in Ranjit from 1937 to 1940 ( 15 films). Khemchand gave music to 20 films in 5 years period. When he left Ranjit, his friend Bulo C. Rani joined in his place. However ,by that time Ranjit was already going downhill due to financial difficulties caused by the gambling of Sardar Chandulal Shah. With ‘Meri Ankhen’ (1939) he proved himself as an independent composer. Followed ‘Pardesi’, ‘Shaadi’, and ‘Umeed’in 1941 which gave him a firm foothold in the Bombay industry.

One of the most popular songs composed by him during the early phase was sung by Khurshid: “pahele jo mohabbat se inakaar kiyaa hotaa.” “But Khurshid,” recalls Pandit Jagannath Prasad, a cousin and close associate of Khemchand, “was reluctant to sing the song.” And an angry Khemchand gave her the ultimatum: “Sing or get out.”

Unwilling to offend acomposer of Khemchand’s calibre, Khurshid finallygave in and rendered the song. Khurshid had her own reason for hisitating to sing the song, which was a recognizable rehash of Begum Akhtar’s famous ghazal,”deevaana bannana hai to.” She didn’t want to risk a comparison with the great Begum, for she was never really sure of her own calibre as a singer. Ironically, “pahele jo mohabbat” brought her unprecedented laurels!

Khemchand had more hits in 1942–like ‘Chandni’ and’ Khilauna.’ But it was ‘Tansen’ (1943), which sent hsi stock soaring. Based on the immortal singer’s life, ‘Tansen’ inspired Khemchand to come out with a veritable feast of light classical songs, which pleased both the connoisseur and the uninitiated. The film paired Saigal, who had been lured to Bombay by monetary considerations, with Khurshid. And Khemchand gave them a wide range of hummable songs to sing. “more baalaapan ke saathi” (Khurshid,Saigal), “dukhiyaa jiyaraa” and “baraso re” (Raag Megh Malhar–Khurshid), “ghata ghan ghor ghor” (Raag Sarang–Khurshid), “rumjhum rumjhum chaal tihaari”(Raag Shankara–Saigal), “diyaa jalaao” (Raag Deepak–Saigal) and “sapt suran teen graam” (Raag Hameer in Dhrupad–Saigal) were all brilliant compositions, which contributed in a big way to the film’s commercial suceess.

Khemchand’s sway over the Hindi film music scene continued unabated even after the influx of the robust Punjabi brand of music. He stuck steadfastly to classical and Rajasthani folk music and ghazals. His compositions in ‘Bharthari’ (“chandaa des piyaake jaa”–Amirbai), ‘Bhanwara’ (“ham apanaa unhebanaa na sake”–Saigal) and ‘Shahenshah Babar'(“mohabbat me.n saara jahaan jal rahaa hai”–Khurshid) became a rage.

Khemchand was in trouble when the Ranjit boss,Chandulal Shah, started disapproving of his association with outside producers. (Prakash Pictures’ ‘Samaj Ko Badal Dalo’ and Filmistan’s ‘Sindoor.’). The rift came to a head when Shah refused to let Khemchand use a raw voice for a song. “I don’t want an unknown voice in my film.” Shah told off Khemchand. And Khemchand walked out of Ranjit Movietone. The “unknown voice” was young Lata Mangeshkar’s! (Lata had been recommended to Khemchand by Anil Biswas, and he took an instant liking for her mellifluous voice.)

From Ranjit, Khemchand went to Bombay Talkies to score the music for ‘Ziddi.’ The success of the film vindicated his stand on Lata. Lata’s rendering of “chandaa re jaa re jaa re” based on a Rajasthani folk song “kaagaa re jaa re jaa re” was unanimously acclaimed.

‘Ziddi’ launched another eventful career–that of Kishore Kumar’s. In spite of his reputation as a ‘master yodeller’ and a singer of the frothy, light numbers, Kishore invariably excelled as a singer of sad songs. Khemchand Prakash was the first to discover this talent in Kishore. Besides the sad ‘Ziddi’ number (“marne ki duvaaye.n kyaa maangu”), he gave him another pathos-ridden song in ‘Rimjhim’ (jag mag jag mag kartaa nikalaa chaand poonam ka pyaara”).

A line in the song–“meri chaandani bichhad gayi mere ghar mein huaa andhiyaara”–proved ominously prophetic a fortnight after he’d composed the song, when his wife died, which made him a sad, lonely man, and perhaps accounted for the pathos recurring in his later compositions.

Nevertheless, Khemchand wore the facade of a ready-witted jovial person. He had an incorrigible weakness for good food and liquor. In his while dhoti and silk kurta, he was often mistaken for a rich Marwari, while he actually led a frugal existence. At Ranjit Novietone, Khemchand was paid Rs. 100 p.m. When he composed music for his last film at Bombay Talkies, he drew a salary of Rs.1,500. Producers for whom he freelanced seldom paid him his dues in spite of making the best use of his exceptional talent. Once, to collect the two thousand rupees Kishore Sahu owed him, he told the producer-director that he needed the money desperately to perform the last rites of his grandmother. When lyricist Bharat Vyas heard of this ‘bereavement’, he went to Khemchand to offer his condolences. The composer smiled wryly and said, “My grandmother is 90 and fit as a fiddle. I have been ‘killing’ her again and again only to collect my dues from the producers.”

In spite of his meagre earnings, Khemchand was a large-hearted man. He went out of his way to present a radio set to the general ward of Bombay’s K.E.M. Hospital where he had once undergone treatment. (“The antique piece is still working,” says his now physician, Dr. Hindlekar).

Khemchand never allowed his financial worries to affect his creativity. He exhibited his versatility in every composition of his of his–whether it was based on a classical raag (“kukat koyaliyaa kunjan mein”/raag Sarang/Kajjan/’Bharthari’); a Rajasthani folk tune (“silvaa de re sajanavaa mohe/Paro, SushilSahu/’Sindoor’); a ghazal (“dil lagaane mein kuchhmazaa hi nahin”/Khurshid/’Shahenshah Babar’); abhajan (“prabhu ke gun gaaoon main”/Khurshid,chorus/’Shadi’); a romantic song (“ye kaun aaj aayaare”/Kishore, Lata/’Ziddi’); or a heart-reding musical wail (“o roothe hue bhagavaan tum ko kaisemanaaoon”/Amirbai/’Sindoor’). Even as his stock went up as a musician and he came to be acknowledged as one of the best ever composers the film industry had known, Khemchand suffered an acute feeling of loneliness towards the later stages of his career after his wife’s sudden demise, and he began drowning himself in liquor.

During this phase, when he was hospitalized for abdominal ailment, he fell in love with a pretty nurse, Sridevi, who was to be his inspiration in times to come. Khemchand was in poor health when,unexpectedly, Kamal Amrohi assigned the music of Bombay Talkies’ ‘Mahal’ to him. Ashok Kumar had just come back to take over the reins of Bombay Talkies in a desperate attempt to prevent a great institution from crumbling. But the choice of Khemchand as the music director raked up a controversy, as doubts were raised about his about his ability to meet the needs of a changing breed of filmgoers. The music scene in the Bombay film industry had begun to change with breezy, catchy tunes taking over from the slow, classically oriented numbers. The rhythmic, rustic and fast-paced Punjabi folk music was becoming immensely popular. Would the ‘slow’ style of Khemchand suit the changing scene? When he heard the *mukhda* of”aayega aanevaala” in its formative stages, one of the producers of Bombay Talkies, Savak Vachcha, lost his temper, and asked Khemchand, “But when will it(the song) come?” (referring to “aayega” which is repeated five times in the song.) In his faltering Hindi the genial Parsi is said to have asked, “Aap to ‘aayega, aayega’ karte hain, vo aanevaala kidhar hai?”, which provoked the composer to walk out of the room in a fit of fury.

Sometime ago when Kamal Amrohi (who directed’Mahal’) was asked as to what had influenced the choice of Khemchand Prakash for the film, the 69-year old veteran said, “I’d been greatly impressed by Khemchand’s talent when he was with Ranjit. There was always an undercurrent of pathos in his music which reminded me of *marsia* (a dirge) and *noha*(the mournful songs of Moharrum). But he was reluctant to work with me because of my abusive tongue. When I wrote the first part (“khaamosh hai zamaane..”) of “aayega aanevaala”–the rest of the song was written by Nakhshab–and showed it to him,he instantly moved his fingers on the harmonium and played a tune… and I approved it on the spot. Though Nakhshab was angry with me for accepting the very first tune, Khemchand was relieved that I wasn’t so difficult a person after all! Nobody at Bombay Talkies, barring me, was confident of the success of ‘Mahal’ or its songs.”

The film and its music, however, went on to make history. “aayega aanevaala”, based on a Rajasthani folk tune, not only became the film’s major draw,but has remained a perennial favourite of music lovers. The song also opened floodgate of opportunities for Lata Mangeshkar.

Rajkumari, Khemchand’s favourite singer, also sang five memorable songs in ‘Mahal’ (including”ghabaraake jo ham sar ko” and “haaye mera dil”). Though, unfortunately, one of them (“suno mere nainaa”) had to be deleted from the film.

When ‘Mahal’ was released on October 13, 1950 at Bombay’s Roxy cinema to overwhelming response, Khemchand Prakash wasn’t alive to see the fruits of his labour. He had died two months earlier at the Harikisondas Hospital–on August 10, 1950–at the young age of 42.

At the time of his death, Sridevi was beside him. As she wasn’t married to Khemchand and had no legal rights over what he’d left behind, she was left high and dry.

Today, many years after Khemchand’s death, nothing seems to have changed for Sridevi. She still lives in the past, on the pavements of Borivli. Khemchand’s old physician, Dr. Hindlekar, still treats her with great care, but she’s no longer in a position to respond to anybody’s sympathy. The only sound which brings her back to ‘life’ is the strains of “aayega aanevaala.” Whenever she hears the song she stands still on the road, clutching at her only possession–a small sack of clothes and memories of a ‘melodious’ time.

( adapted from articles by Nalin Shah, Satish Chopra, Pankaj Raag and my notes, HFGK, MuVyz and Mid Day 12-2-1999.

Thanks to Harish Raghuwanshi ji )
———————————————-

I have not seen this film and I do not know its theme. However, from a photo with comments in Film India magazine, it can be presumed that the film was a Love Triangle film. Two friends, Motilal and Rama Shukul vying for the same girl Madhuri. In the process they distance themselves from each others and Madhuri tries to bring them together again. One of the actors in this film is Tarabai. She was the elder sister of Sitara Devi and mother of famous Dancer Gopi Krishna. After marriage with Marutirao Pehelwan, she fell on bad days and started working sundry roles in films. Later on her condition became worse and she used to live in Bombay’s slums. Another actor Bhagwan das, who did small roles in films, became a big time producer, later on and then became a pauper also. He had married actress Poornima. One of the 10 songs of this film is sung by one Master Vithal. He was not that Vithal who acted in Aalam Ara-31-India’s first Talkie. This master Vithal was a professional singer from Sholapur.

Today’s song is sung by Bulo C Rani (6-5-1920 to 24-5-1993). He gave music to 71 films composing 574 songs. He sang 37 songs in 19 films also. His end was terrible. He committed suicide by burning himself in his house. Bulo C Rani had joined Ranjit after Khemchand Prakash left in 1945, but by that time, Ranjit was already drowning.

This song is a very slow paced song and I feel it has inspired some other popular song from some later film, but I am unable to pinpoint the song.


Song-Muhabbat mein luta dee apne haathon zindagi apni(Iqraar)(1942) Singer- Bulo C Rani, Lyrics- Not specified, MD- Khemchand Prakash

Lyrics

Muhabbat mein luta dee
apne haathon zindagi apni
Muhabbat mein luta dee
apne haathon zindagi apni
dil apna
aarzoo apni
hansi apni
khushi apni
dil apna
aarzoo apni
hansi apni
khushi apni

meri ghamgheen raaton mein
ujaala bhi andhera hai
meri ghamgheen raaton mein
ujaala bhi andhera hai
unhi ke bazm mein ae shamma
le ja raushni apni
unhi ke bazm mein ae shamma
le ja raushni apni

main barbaad e tamanna hoon
main naakaam e muhabbat hoon oon oon
main barbaad e tamanna hoon
main naakaam e muhabbat
muhabbat ke haseen waadon pe duniya
ro rahi apni
muhabbat ke haseen waadon pe duniya
ro rahi apni

tamanna thhi ki shaam e gham
tamanna thhi ki shaam e gham
kabhi saahil pe ?? hote ae ae ae ae ae
tumhaari qaid hoti aur ?? apni
muhabbat mein ??


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3835 Post No. : 14843 Movie Count :

4059

Today’s song is from the film Return of Toofan Mail-42. It was a C grade Stunt film, made jointly ( for reasons not known,yet) by Wadia Movietone and Ranjit Studios. The film was directed by Aspy Irani ( Husband of actress Husn Bano) and the music was by Gyan Dutt for the lyrics of Pt. Indra.

Did you ever see films like, Khooni Khanzar, Dagabaj Doctor, Shaitaan ka paash, Char chakram, Daku Rani Talwarwali, Jaadu ka dandaa, Zinda Laash, Revolver Rani, Sindbad-Alladin-Alibaba, Flying man, Fighter Sheela, Khooni Darinda, Tarzan aur Jadugar, Tarzan aur Jadui Chiraag, Golden Gang, Murde ki jaan khatare mein, or Jadui putli ?

Obviously, these are the titles of all Stunt/Action films in Grade C. Considering the captive audience of such films, more spicy, odd and sensational titles were coined for these films to arouse curiosity. In the era of silent films, C grade stunt films were extremely popular. In fact a major part of the silent films was such films. May be that is the reason, why going to see a cinema was not considered good for impressionable girls and children of middle class and upper class, in those days.

Besides specific audience of workers,daily wagers and such other lower social strata, the stunt films had their own fixed Producers, Directors and even the actors. Most times, a set of action film actors was regular and specific to the production houses. For example, Fearless Nadia, John Cavas, Sayani Atish, Boman Shroff, the Billimorea brothers, Basheer etc were the fixtures in stunt films of Wadia Movietone. Master Bhagwan, Chandrarao, Harischandra rao, Azeembhai, Vasantrao and Baburao pehelwan, Leela Gupte, Prakash, Habeeb etc were with stunt films made by Bhagwan and Harischandra rao.

Besides the human actors, some trained animals as well as a car and a Motor cycle were also fixtures in stunt films. What’s more, these non-living and non -human participants too were named. So, you had Punjab ka Beta (Horse), Gunboat (Dog), and Austin ki Beti (car) in films made by Wadia Movietone. For Basant Pictures, it was Rajpoot (Horse), Moti (Dog) and Austin ki Bachhi (Car).

In addition to all this, actors with odd and weird names were to be always found in stunt film casts. Have you ever heard actors with names like Bajar Battu, Phool kumari, Maruti pehelwan, Bataata, Mitthoo Miyaan, Fatty Prasad, Boken Chattu, Minu the Mystic, Manchi Tuthi, Gareeb Raja, Kurbaan Jaoon, Pandit Dukhi, Vilayatu, Loveji Lavangiya, Adam Sandow, Sandow Safar, Dunlop, Chic Chak and a very strange name CHEMIST ! This name is found in 5-6 films.

However, since the film Return of Toofan Mail was also made by Ranjit, there were some well known and regular actors in the cast like, Arun (Ahuja0, Shamim, Firoz Dastoor, Hari Shivdasani, Dikshit-Ghori, Azeem, Jal Khambata, Rajni, Azuri etc etc.

Film’s Heroine Shamim was variously billed as Shamim, Miss Shamim, Shamim Bano and Shamim Akhtar, in different films. She was born on 11th September 1926 in Lahore. Her father was a General Merchant. She used to sing and act in school dramas. She completed her matriculation from Islamia Girls school, Lahore. In 1939, she visited Bombay along with her father. They accidentally met director G.R.Sethi, who encouraged Shamim to join films. She too was keen on joining films.

She debuted in film Imaandar-1939. Then came Baghi-39, Niraali Duniya-40, Kanyadan-40,Jadui Nagari-40, Pyas-41, Dhandhora-41, Return of Toofan Mail-42, Mehmaan-42, Fariyaad-42, Armaan-42, Gauri-43, Bansari-43, Pehle Aap-44, Jwar Bhata-44, Sanyasi-45, Laaj-46, Samrat Ashok-47 and Sindoor-47. She also sang about 30 songs in 11 films.

After partition, she migrated to Pakistan with the family. There, she acted in 8 films- 6 Urdu and 2 Punjabi. her first film Shahida-49 was a hit film and ncelebrated Silver jubilee. Even, Do Ansoo-50 and Ghulam-53 were hit films. Shamim married Producer/Director Anwar Kemal Pasha. Shamim died on 23-10-1982 in Lahore. Shamim was niece of actress singer Khursheed Begum. Shamim’s younger sister Naseem was also an actress in India, but she died quite young, on 17-11-1946 at Bombay, in India only.

Actor Hari Shivdasani- father of actress Babita- was born on 4-12-1910 at Hyderabad-Sindh. He went to England and Germany for education and got UFA degree from Germany in acting and direction. he was very handsome and polished. He started as a Director in film Yasmin-35, but then opted for acting only. His first film as actor was Prem Pariksha-34 which was released before Yasmin -35 as a director. in all he acted in 110 films. In his first film he even sang one song.

While in England, he married a British girl- Maria. he had 2 daughters. One of them was actress Babita who married Randhir Kapoor and they had two daughters- Karishma and Kareena. Hari Shivdasani died in 1994.

Film Return of Toofan mail-42 was directed by Aspi Irani,who was basically famous for stunt and C grade films. Aspi Irani was an important director from the early films.His full name was ASPANDIAR HORMUSJI IRANI.He was born in the Parsi colony, Panch Gardens in Dadar,Bombay on 8-10-1911. He started work in the film industry after he completed his secondary schooling and as all parsis are,due to his hard work,he soon attained a top rank in the Industry.He started directing films from 1936,the early Talkie stage,when the influence of Parsi Theatre,fantasies and dramas on folklore was the staple of stunt films.All such films had a basic structure and with a little changes here and there new films hit the screens.

There was a fixed audience for such films, but as the time went by,slowly the taste of the audience changed.However Aspi Irani continued with his style till the end.He did direct few social films also but the handling of social films had a clear stamp of Aspi’s direction.

He must have directed about 50-55 films till the early 80s. Some of his films were,Naya paisa,qaidi no.911,Barood, Shabnam, Baadal etc. He was married to actress Husn Bano ( daughter of actress Shareefa).

On a fine morning on 23rd November 1986, Aspi left his home in the morning for work and never ever returned. No one knows what happened to him. Since then there was no trace of this man and officially he was declared ‘missing since 23-11-1986′. What an end to a legend !

The story of film Return of Toofan mail was…

Diwan Randhir, as a Night Rider ” Toofan mail ” has saved the kingdom from a Tyrrant, some years back. Now he is looking after the kingdom’s heir- Kirti kumar- since last 15 years. Kirti is sent to England for further studies. Meanwhile the army’s Captain kishori takes over and starts his terror reign. The prince is about to come back and Kishori is waiting to kill him.

Randhir sends his daughter Hansa to warn the Prince but she is captured by army. Kirti has, however, arrived before time and is safe. he wants to see the kingdom’s condition incognito, so he dons the attire like Toofan Mail. On his way, he meets Hansa who is escaping from the soldiers. promptly, they fall in love and sing few songs.
From Hansa he knows all happenings. He does not reveal his identity and as prince tries to flirt with her, which she deplores. Kishori wants to kill Diwan and captures him, but a masked person attacks and takes away Diwan to safety. Kishori hold Hansa captive and demands she marry him or else he will kill the Prince. By now, Hansa knows that the Prince is Toofan mail. To save his life, she agrees to marry Kishori.

On the day of marriage Toofan mail rides there and runs away with the bride. Kishori fights with him and gets killed. All is well in the end . Prince, Hansa, Diwan, the Janata of kingdom and the audience in the cinema hall, are all happy.

Today’s song is a raunchy song, sung in a theatre. The lyrics are quite lewd and suggestive. They are written by Pt. Indra. The song is sung by Brijmala, Mehendi Raja and Rewa shankar (who himself was a Music Director and singer in early era of Talkie). With this song film Return of Toofan mail-42 and singers Mehendi Raja and Rewa Shankar make their debut on the Blog.


Song- Abhi Chhoti hoon baalam jawaan hone de (Return of Toofaan Mail)(1942) Singers- Brijmala, Mehendi Raja,Rewa Shankar, Lyricist- Pt. Indra, MD- Gyan Dutt

Lyrics

ui maa
ui maa
ui maa
ui maa
ui maa

Abhi Chhoti hoon baalam
Abhi Chhoti hoon baalam
jawaan hone de
Abhi Chhoti hoon baalam
Abhi Chhoti hoon baalam
jawaan hone de
zara sejon ka saajan saamaan hone de
zara sejon ka saajan saamaan hone de
Abhi Chhoti hoon baalam
jawaan hone de

main na jaanoon jawaani ki baaten abhi
main na jaanoon jawaani ki baaten abhi
meri kat’ti akeli ki raaten abhi
meri kat’ti akeli ki raaten abhi
Abhi chunri ka palla sambhaal sakoon na
Abhi chunri ka palla sambhaal sakoon naa
abhi aankhon mein aankhen main daal sakoon na
abhi aankhon mein aankhen main daal sakoon na

zara teeron ki tirchhi kamaan hone de
zara teeron ki tirchhi kamaan hone de
Abhi Chhoti hoon baalam
jawaan hone de
Abhi Chhoti hoon baalam
jawaan hone de

mera bachpan machalta hai jaane ko ab
mera bachpan machalta hai jaane ko ab
mera joban uchhalta hai aane ko ab
mera joban uchhalta hai aane ko ab
meri aankhon mein chhaayi hai naadaaniyaan
mujhpe hoti hain sabki meharbaaniyaan
meri aankhon mein chhaayi hai naadaaniyaan
mujhpe hoti hain sabki meharbaaniyaan
mere dil men
mere dil mein kisi ko mehmaan hone de
mere dil mein kisi ko mehmaan hone de
abhi chhoti hoon
haay abhi chhoti hoon
abhi chhoti hoon
Abhi Chhoti hoon baalam
jawaan hone de
Abhi Chhoti hoon baalam
jawaan hone de


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has more than 15500 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Important Announcement

(© 2008 - 2020) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

Total number of songs posts discussed

15505

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1195
Total Number of movies covered =4273

Total visits so far

  • 13,234,385 hits

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Historical dates

Blog Start date: 19 july 2008

Active for more than 4000 days.

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