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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Songs of 1942’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3803 Post No. : 14796 Movie Count :

4046

Sometimes, suddenly and unexpectedly, Lady Luck smiles on you and you are so bewildered, you don’t know how to enjoy that moment of Luck. This happened in my case. I have been writing about songs in old time movies and discussing about the people who made that film, that song and the circumstances in which the movie was made etc.

Sometimes,I come across a film, about which nothing-absolutely nothing- is available. No information, no songs, nothing. This is the dead end. But like a true crusader, I continue my efforts about that film, even when, leaving it aside, I have continued with my work. At times, I strike Gold, when it is not expected and I feel like dancing in the rain !

It is not only about a song or a movie, even an actor can get me stumped and then suddenly, there is light at the end of the tunnel ! I can quote several such examples, but I will limit my discussion only about today’s film, song and the MD.

I bought HFGK in mid 2012, that is six years ago and since then film Chowrangee-42 was on my radar. I was very curious about this film, because this was the only Hindi film in which the Great Poet of Bangladesh- Kazi Nazrul Islam, had composed some songs ( 2 songs, confirmed) as a Music Director and also had written those two songs as a Lyricist.

Kazi Nazrul Islam is to Bangladesh, what Rabindranath Tagore is to West Bengal. While, to my knowledge, Tagore never wrote any Naat or a Muslim religious verse, kazi wrote hundreds of Bhajans and Geets on Lord Rama and Krishna. Though many films- Bangla and Hindi- are based on the stories or novels of Tagore, he has not contributed anything directly to any Hindi film ( I do not know about Bangla films). On the other hand Kazi has written story of film Sapera-39 and provided Lyrics and Music to film Chowrangee-42 directly. Like Tagore’s Rabindra Sangeet, it was Nazrul Geeti in Bengal. I am not comparing them. Both were great souls.

The life story of Kazi is full of ups and downs. His last few years were spent in Glory but in very bad health.There were several deaths in his family. His wife became paralytic and he spent time in a Mental Hospital in Ranchi. After the formation of Bangladesh in 1971, the new country, invited him, bestowed honours on him, declaring him ” The National Poet”. The Bangladesh government also took good care of him in his last 4 years, but he was medically unfit to enjoy his glory.

Kazi Nazrul Islam (24 May 1899 – 29 August 1976) Composer and songwriter was born in Burdwan Dist., Bengal. With Tagore he was the major influence on popular Bengali music in the 20th C. Known as the Bidrohi Kavi or Rebel Poet and directly associated with radical nationalist movements (e.g. through the journal Dhoomketu which he edited in 1922, leading to his imprisonment on a charge of sedition), his poetry constitutes the first radical intervention into Hindu and Muslim devotional music, e.g. his famous addresses to the goddess Kali, his ghazal compilations (Chokher Chatak, 1929) and Islamic devotionals (Zulfikar, 1932). Much of his music, continued by the IPTA’s Bengali song repertoire, was polemically seen as a radical-romantic use of the ‘ tradition’ (e.g. Salil Choudhury, 1955). One of the first composer-writers to sign contracts with major record companies in Bengal (for Megaphone and Senola and later HMV) and with the Indian Broadcasting Corp., opening up new employment opportunities to a generation of younger composers such as Anil Biswas, S.D. Burman, Kamal Dasgupta and even Kishore Kumar (whose song Ai ek dui tran char gili gili/bam chick boob chick badhke bol in Kehte Hain Mujhko Raja, 1975, adapts Islam’s famous Cham chiki ude gelo). Created an urban variation of tribal jhumur music for Sailajananda Mukherjee’s Pataal Puri and wrote the songs for Nandini (1941) and Dikshul (1943). Some sources credit him as director for Dhruva, in which he played the Hindu sage Narad. Started Bengal Tiger Pics with Abbasuddin Ahmed. Their film of Islam’s novel Madina remained unfinished.

A significant impact of Nazrul’s work in Bengal was that it made Bengali Muslims more comfortable with the Bengali arts, which used to be dominated by
Bengali Hindus. His Islamic songs are popular during Ramadan in Bangladesh. He also wrote devotional songs on the Hindu Goddess Kali. Nazrul also composed a number of notable Shyamasangeet, Bhajan and Kirtan, combining Hindu devotional music.

Bengali polymath, poet, writer, musician, revolutionary and philosopher. Popularly known as Nazrul, his poetry and music espoused Indo-Islamic renaissance and intense spiritual rebellion against fascism and oppression. Nazrul’s impassioned activism for political and social justice earned him the title Bidrohi Kobi (The Rebel Poet). His musical compositions form the avant-garde genre of Nazrul geeti (Music of Nazrul). Accomplishing a large body of acclaimed works through his life, Nazrul is officially recognised as the National Poet of Bangladesh and highly commemorated in India and the Muslim world.
Born into a Bengali Muslim Quazi (Kazi) family, Nazrul received religious education and worked as a muezzin at a local mosque. He learned of poetry, drama, and literature while working with theatrical groups. After serving in the British Indian Army, Nazrul established himself as a journalist in Calcutta. He assailed the British Raj in India and preached revolution through his poetic works, such as Bidrohi (The Rebel) and Bhangar Gaan (The Song of Destruction), as well as his publication Dhumketu (The Comet). His nationalist activism in the Indian independence movement often led to his imprisonment by British authorities. While in prison, Nazrul wrote the Rajbandir Jabanbandi (Deposition of a Political Prisoner). Exploring the life and conditions of the downtrodden masses of the Indian subcontinent, Nazrul worked for their emancipation. His poetry and music fiercely inspired Bengalis during the Bangladesh Liberation War.
During his visit to Comilla in 1921, Nazrul met a young Bengali Hindu woman, Pramila Devi, with whom he fell in love, and they married on 25 April 1924. Brahmo Samaj criticised Pramila, a member of the Brahmo Samaj, for marrying a Muslim. Muslim religious leaders criticized Nazrul for his marriage to a Hindu woman.

Nazrul’s writings explore themes such as love, freedom, and revolution; he opposed all bigotry, including religious and gender. Throughout his career, Nazrul wrote short stories, novels, and essays but is best known for his poems, in which he pioneered new forms such as Bengali ghazals. Nazrul wrote and composed music for his nearly 4,000 songs (including gramophone records), collectively known as Nazrul geeti (Songs of Nazrul), which are widely popular today. In 1942 at the age of 43 Nazrul himself fell ill and gradually began losing his power of speech. His behaviour became erratic, he started spending recklessly and fell into financial difficulties. In spite of her own illness, his wife constantly cared for her husband. However, Nazrul’s health had seriously deteriorated and he grew increasingly depressed. He underwent medical treatment under homeopathy as well as Ayurveda, but little progress was achieved before mental dysfunction intensified and he was admitted to a mental asylum in 1942. Spending four months there without making progress, Nazrul and his family began living a quiet life in India. In 1952, he was transferred to a psychiatric hospital in Ranchi. Through the efforts of a large group of admirers who called themselves the “Nazrul Treatment Society”, Nazrul and Promila were sent to London, then to Vienna for treatment. The examining doctors said he had received poor care, and Dr. Hans Hoff, a leading neurosurgeon in Vienna, diagnosed that Nazrul was suffering from Pick’s disease.It was rumoured that this was because of slow poisoning by the British Government. His condition was judged to be incurable, Nazrul returned to Calcutta on 15 December 1953. On 30 June 1962 his wife Pramila died, and Nazrul remained in intensive medical care. He stopped working due to his deteriorating health.

On 24 May 1972, the newly independent nation of Bangladesh brought Nazrul to live in Dhaka with the consent of the Government of India. In January 1976, he was accorded the citizenship of Bangladesh.Despite receiving treatment and attention, Nazrul’s physical and mental health did not improve. In 1974. his youngest son, Kazi Aniruddha, a guitarist, died, and Nazrul soon succumbed to his long-standing ailments on 29 August 1976.

His Filmography – 1937: Bidyapati (Writer), 1938: Gora, 1939: Sapurey (Writer), Sapurey/Sapera (Writer), 1942: Chauranghee, Chauranghee, 1949-Chattagram Astraghar Lunthan, 1972: Padi Pishir Barmi Baksha (Lyricist) ( information adapted from Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema and wiki).

I was ecstatic when recently, I could lay my hands on one song of this film, composed and written by Kazi. These songs are so rare that for the last 76 years none of these songs have ever appeared on public domain, like YT etc.
Film Chowrangee-42 was a Muslim social film on a professional singer’s life, who had a Kotha on Chowrangee area of Calcutta. The film was produced by Fazli brothers, known to make films on Muslim background only. The film was directed by the younger brother- Sibtain Fazli.

The producers Fazli brothers, were the sons of Khan Bahadur S M Fazal Rabb of Beharaich- about 125 kms from Lucknow in U.P. The elder brother was Hasnain and the younger brother was Sibtain ( born on 9-7-1916). Hasnain Fazli was born on 12-1-1912 in United Province (today’s U.P.). Their family belonged to the noble Sayyads of Allahabad. Hasnain was a graduate of Allahabad University. Though his father was a Khan Bahadur, a Government Jahagirdar and lifetime Magistrate, Hasnain refused to do any service and did not complete his I.C.S. studies, as expected by the family.

He had a creative mind. He joined film line. He was very keen on making a film on Muslim Society. In those days it was considered outrageous to produce a film on Muslim society for fear of the ire of the fundamentalists. However Hasnain broke the barrier and the first Muslim Social film Qaidi-40 was produced and directed by him under the banner of Film Corporation of India, Calcutta. Very cleverly, the film was made at Calcutta, ( though the film depicted life in Lucknow ), and not at Bombay to avoid any disruption in the making of the film. The film was made so well that it was received very well by all strata of population, including the Muslims and became a hit film. After this Hasnain made more Muslim social films like Masoom-41, Chowranghee-42, Fashion-43 and Ismat-44. These films discussed Muslim family life and problems etc.

His first directorial film was at his 23rd year- Triya Charitra-35. Then came Sajiv Murti-35, in which the Handsome Vijay Kumar from Himachal Pradesh was the Hero. Fazli brothers also made Dil-46, Mehendi-47, Duniya-49 and Khoobsurat-52. Hasnain was so talented that he himself wrote the film stories, screenplays and dialogues usually. Sibtain Fazli directed 3 films-Chowranghee-42, Ismat-44 and Mehendi-47.

After the Partition, Fazli brothers migrated to Pakistan. Sibtain remained in Pakistan and Hasnain returned to India to make 2 more films. Later Hasnain too relocated to Lahore and died there on 16-7-1957. His brother Sibtain ( 9-7-1916 to 25-7-1985) who had directed 3 films in India, made 4 films in Pakistan, including the most popular Urdu film of Madam Nurjehan – Dupatta-52.

Film Chowrangee had 13 songs. It included 3 wonderful Ghazals- 2 by Jigar Moradabadi and 1 by Mirza Ghalib ( I have heard these songs). It will be the first time that a song from this film-in its full form- will be available on You Tube, because our Sadanand ji Kamath has uploaded it on my request. Thanks Sadanand ji.

Hanuman Prasad Sharma ( aka Hanuman Prasad Triloki. Both are same. Triloki and Sharma are surnames in Brahmins. This is like the other case. The son of Bhagatram Batish, of Husnlal-Bhagatram duo, Ashok, calls himself as Ashok Sharma.) was also a Music Director for this film. With this film he made his debut in Hindi films. Unfortunately, except for 4 songs-2 for each MD- HFGK is silent on the singer or MD’s names of remaining 9 songs, making it difficult to know the reality. However, according to Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, the Lori, ” aa jaa ri nindiya ” is also composed by Kazi. May be, in future, some proof or information will emerge to confirm or clarify matters !

There were as many as 5 Lyricists for these 13 songs- Kazi Nazrul Islam, Arzoo lucknowi, Mirza Ghalib, Jigar Moradabadi and Partav Lucknowi. With this song , not only the movie, but also Kazi Nazrul Islam makes his Debut on the Blog as an MD and a Lyricist. Enjoy this historical song….


Song-Chowranghee hai ye chowranghee (Chowrangee)(1942) Singer-Unknown female, Lyrics- Kazi Nazrul Islam, MD- Kazi Nazrul Islam

Lyrics

Chowranghee hai ye chowranghee
Chowranghee hai ye chowranghee
iski duniya rang birangee
iski duniya rang birangee
Chowranghee hai ye chowranghee

gore kaale aawen jaawen
gore kaale aawen jaawen
apni apni chhab dikhlaawen
apni apni chhab dikhlaawen
ye dagar mein sab sansaar aar aar
ye dagar mein sab sansaar aar aar
iski duniya rang birangee
iski duniya rang birangee
Chowranghee hai ye chowranghee

kitne aawe raaja baabu
kitne aawe raaja baabu
kitne hamse bechaare
kitne apne dil ke bande
kitne prem pujaari ee ee
kitne prem pujaari
koi kisi ko raah lagaaye
koi aakar khud kho jaaye
koi kisi ko raah lagaaye
koi aakar khud kho jaaye
seedha rasta peer hazaar
seedha rasta peer hazaar
iski duniya rang birangee
iski duniya rang birangee
Chowranghee hai ye chowranghee
Chowranghee hai ye chowranghee
Chowranghee hai ye chowranghee

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This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3783 Post No. : 14765

With the advent of talkies in 1931, many new actors joined the Hindi film industry in the 1930s in addition to those who had switched over from silent films. While some actors became successful and remained active in the film industry for a long time, an overwhelming majority of actors could not be sustained for longer period in the film industry. Within this category, there were some actors who became successful in their initial stages of the filmy career, but lost the momentum of success in their later stage. While they remained active in the film industry for reasonable period, they went into oblivion and thus forgotten after the end of their filmy career.

Rama Shukul was one of such actors who despite talent and age on his side could remain active only for a decade or so. Thereafter he made some sporadic appearances films in minor roles for about another decade. Today, he has been forgotten to such an extent that no basic information about him is available on the internet other than his incomplete filmography. Luckily, I could lay my hand on an article written by Hyacinth (pseudo name of Susheela Rani) on Rama Shukul in Filmindia magazine (September 1942) based on her inter-actions with him sometime in 1942. I could also update his filmography and other information from various issues of Filmindia magazines of 1938 to 1949 and thereafter from the website, myswar.co. I also watched his four films – ‘Bhabhi’ (1938), ‘Navjeevan’ (1939), ‘Durga’ (1939) and ‘Aazaad’ (1940) which are available online to get a feel of his acting. I found Rama Shukul to be a natural actor. He looked like a seasoned actor even in his first film ‘Bhabhi’ (1938).

Rama Shukul was born in Jabalpur to Badri Prasad Shukul and Sushila Shukul in a wealthy family. His father was the District Superintendent of Police in Central Province (presently the parts of Madhya Pradesh, Chhatishgarh, Odisha and Maharashtra). Rama Shukul was the only son and therefore was pampered a lot by his father. Whenever his father was transferred, he would take with him Rama Shukul. As a result, his education was affected. He completed his Matriculation and was enrolled in Robertson College, Jabalpur for graduate study. The pampering of his father was such an extent that he gifted a car for his son to travel to the college. The whole idea of his father was to keep Rama Shukul interested in studies. However, he was more interested in sports and acting than the studies.

Rama Shukul was the college champion for three years in a row in tennis and was in the college teams for cricket, hockey and volleyball. In 1935, he participated in the Inter-Collegiate Drama Competition at Banaras Hindu University where he received the trophy for the best actor in the role of Hamlet in the drama. His father wanted to send him to England for ICS or for becoming a barrister. But Rama Shukul could barely complete his Senior Cambridge. Looking at his son’s interest in sports, his father arranged for a job for him as an Assistand Director of Physical Culture in the State at Nagpur. But the young Rama Shukul refused to accept the job saying that he was going to become a film actor. His father lost all hopes of shaping his bright career.

In 1938, Rama Shukul came to Bombay (Mumbai) to pursue an acting career in the films. But to get into the film studios, one must have reference but Rama Shukul did not have any in Mumbai. He had one friend in Mumbai, Fazal Chinoy. His father, Sir Rahimtula Chinoy was the promoter of the Indian Radio Company and the Director of the Imperial Bank of India (now State Bank of India). He was also a former member of the Indian Legislature Assembly. With his influence, Rama Shukul could get an appointment with Sir Richard Temple, the Managing Director of Bombay Talkies.

Sir Richard was impressed with his educational background. He introduced Rama Shukul to Himanshu Rai who agreed to take him as an actor. He signed a contract with Bombay Talkies in September 1938 and made it to ‘Bhabhi’ (1938) as his first film in a villainous role. The film was a box office success. In the film’s review published in ‘Filmindia’, Baburao Patel praised his acting by saying that ‘Rama Shukul is a good addition to the Indian screen. In the role of Anupam – the main obstacle in the whole scheme, he turns out to be a successful nuisance’.

Rama Shukul worked for Bombay Talkies for about 2 years during which time he acted in lead roles with Hansa Wadkar in ‘Navjeevan’ (1939) and with Devika Rani and Hansa Wadkar in ‘Durga’ (1939). In ‘Aazaad’ (1940), though Ashok Kumar and Leela Chitnis had lead roles, it was Rama Shukul pairing with Hansa Wadkar who had major presence in the film.

When he was to work opposite Devika Rani in his 5th film in Bombay Talkies, Himanshu Rai died. His death was a great shock to Rama Shukul due to his personal attachment. He was regarded as a blue-eyed boy of Himanshu Rai. Many in the Bombay Talkies had developed dislike for him as they felt that he was pampered by the boss of the Bombay Talkies. In this milieu, Rama Shukul could not continue in the Bombay Talkies for long.

His next destination was Ranjit Movietone where he acted in the second lead role in ‘Iqraar’(1942). This was followed by ‘Mehmaan’ (1942), ‘Fariyaad’ (1942) and ‘Dukh Sukh’ (1942). However, none of these films made much impact on the box office front. From 1943, he became a free-lance artist and acted in the second lead in Ramnik Productions’ ‘Dulhan’ (1943), ‘Kiran’ (1944), and ‘Gaon Ki Gori’ (1945).

By this time, his status as an actor seems to have come down from second lead actor to one among the supporting actors. In this category, he worked in Filmistan’s ‘Eight Days’ (1946) and ‘Shikari’ (1946). This was followed by ‘Mulaaqat’ (1947), ‘Shikaayat’ (1948) and ‘Meherbaani’ (1950).

After 1950, the filmy assignments of Rama Shukul seem to have dwindled significantly. His name started appearing in ‘other actors’ like in ‘Shamsheer’ (1953), ‘Sardaar’ (1955) and ‘Sitaaron Se Aage’ (1958). ‘Madhu’ (1959) was Rama Shukul’s last film as an actor when he may be around 45 years of age. I could not get any information as to how he spent rest of his life after 1959.

Despite being recognised as one of the fine actors of the 1940s, Rama Shukul had an active filmy career of about 10 years (1938-48). During his entire career, he acted in 20 films.

I am presenting ‘zara dheere ho zara dheere’ from ‘Mehmaan’ (1942) sung by Shamim Bano and Rama Shukul. The song is written by Pandit Indra and is set to music by Khemchand Prakash. This duet is actor-singer songs and is the 5th song to appear in the Blog.

Although HFGK credits the male voice in the song to Rama Shukul, in my view, it may not be his voice when I compare his voice in the songs in ‘Navjeevan’ (1939) and ‘Durga’ (1939). My hunch is that the male voice in this song may be of Bulo C Rani based on his rendition of ‘rootthna pyaar mein karwat ka badal jaana hai’ from the same film. I request the opinions from the experts on my presumption.

For the time being, however, I have retained the name of Rama Shukul as the male singer in the video caption of the song.

I find this song a sweet expression of love.


Song-Zara dheere ho zara dheere(Mehmaan)(1942) Singers-Shamim Bano, Rama Sukul, Lyrics-Pt Indra Chandra, MD-Khemchand Prakash
Both

Lyrics

zara dheere ho zara dheere
zara dheere ho zara dheere
zara dheere ho zara dheere
zara dheere ho zara dheere
saajanwa
saajaniya
saajanwa
saajaniya
zara dheere dheere
zara dheere dheere
jhoola na ho
mora naazuk jiya behlaana
o mora naazuk jiya behalaana
zara dheere ho zara dheere
zara dheere ho zara dheere

chunariya hamaari hawa ho gayi
nazariya tumhaari dawa ho gayi
chunariya hamaari hawa ho gayi
nazariya tumhaari dawa ho gayi
ye champa chameli rahi kyun akeli
bataao zara morey shyaam
ye champa chameli rahi kyun akeli
bataao zara morey shyaam
saajanwa
saajaniya
saajanwa
saajaniya
zara dheere dheere
zara dheere dheere
jhoola na ho
mora nazuk jiya behlaana
o mora najuk jiya behalaana
zara dheere ho zara dheere
zara dheere ho zara dheere
zara dheere ho zara dheere
zara dheere ho zara dheere


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3742 Post No. : 14697

“Raja Rani” (1942) was directed by Najmul Hasan Naqvi for Atre Pictures, Bombay. The movie had Vanmala, Sunalini Devi, Maya Devi, Trilok Kapoor, Baby Vimal, Mazhar Khan, Navin Yagnik, David, Bal Govind etc in it.

The movie had fourteen songs in it. One song has been covered in the past.

Here is the second song from “Raja Rani” (1942) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Baby Vimal. Seeing that Baby Vimal figures in the cast of the movie, we can guess that the song was picturised on her as well.

Pandit Anand Kumar is the lyricist. Music is composed by Khan Mastana.


Song-Main ek niraali gudiya (Raja Rani)(1942) Singer-Baby Vimal, Lyrics-Pt Anand Kumar, MD-Khan Mastana

Lyrics

main ek niraali gudiya
main ek niraali gudiya
main ek niraali gudiya
main ek niraali gudiya
mere nanhe nanhe paanv
mere nanhe nanhe paanv
pair mein jhaanjar jhanjhana baaje
pair mein jhaanjar jhanjhana baaje
mere chhote chhote kaan
mere chhote chhote kaan
kaanon mein baali cham cham chamke
kaanon mein baali cham cham chamke
jaise gagan ke taare
haan haan jaise gagan ke taare
main ek niraali
ek niraali
ek niraali
haan haan haan
main ek niraali gudiya
main ek niraali gudiya
main ek niraali gudiya

chhamchham chhamchham paayal baaje
chaacha ke ghar jaaun
chhamchham chhamchham paayal baaje
chaaha ke ghar jaaun
meethhe meethhe geet sunaakar
chaachi ko bahlaaun
meethhe meethhe geet sunaakar
chaachi ko bahlaaun
main ek niraali
ek niraali
ek niraali
haan haan haan
mai ek niraali
ek niraali
ek niraali
haan haan haan
main ek niraali gudiya
main ek niraali gudiya
main ek niraali gudiya

kunj kunj mein chhup chhup jaaun
kheloon aankh michauli
boondaniyon ke taal pe naachoon
boloon prem ki boli

main ek niraali
ek niraali
ek niraali
haan haan haan
main ek niraali
ek niraali
ek niraali
haan haan haan
main ek niraali gudiya
main ek niraali gudiya
main ek niraali gudiya


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3741 Post No. : 14695

“Garib”(1942) was directed by Ramchandra Thakur for National Studios, Bombay. This movie had Surendra, Rose, Baby Meena, Veena Kumari, Santaka, N A Ansari, Agha, Pesi Patel etc in it.

The movie had twelve songs in it. Six songs from this movie have been discussed in the past. Here is the seventh song song from “Garib”(1942) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Surendra. Safdar Aah Sitapuri is the lyricist. Music is composed by Anil Biswas.

Only the audio of this song is available. It is clear that this song was picturised on Surendra himself.

I have not been able to get a few words right in the lyrics. I request our readers with keener ears to help fill in the blanks/ suggest corrections as applicable.


Song-Mohabbat ki duniya hai sabse niraali (Garib)(1942) Singer-Surendra, Lyrics-Safdar Aah Sitapuri, MD-Anil Biswas

Lyrics

mohabbat ki duniya hai sabse niraali
mohabbat ki duniya hai sabse niraali
tasawwur hai sab kuchh har pehlu hai khaali
tasawwur hai sab kuchh har pehlu hai khaali
mohabbat ki duniya hai sabse niraali
mohabbat ki duniya hai sabse niraali

tu hi tu nigaahon mein apni basa hai ae ae
tu hi tu nigaahon mein apni basa hai
jahaan chaaha tasveer teri bana li
jahaan chaaha tasveer teri bana li
mohabbat ki duniya hai sabse niraali
mohabbat ki duniya hai sabse niraali

shikaayat hai shiqwe ?? tu hai
shikaayat hai shiqwe ?? tu hai
bade lutf ki hai ye bazm e khayaali
bade lutf ki hai ye bazm e khayaali
mohabbat ki duniya hai sabse niraali
tasawwur mein sab kuchh pehlu hai khaali
mohabbat ki duniya hai sabse niraali


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3732 Post No. : 14677

“Garib”(1942) was directed by Ramchandra Thakur for National Studios, Bombay. This movie had Surendra, Rose, Baby Meena, Veena Kumari, Santaka, N A Ansari, Agha, Pesi Patel etc in it.

The movie had twelve songs in it. Five songs from this movie have been discussed in the past. Here is the sixth song song from “Garib”(1942) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Surendra. Pt Indra Chandra is the lyricist. Music is composed by Anil Biswas.

Only the audio of this song is available but it is clear that this “expression of love” song was picturised on Surendra himself.


Song-Haseenon ko karlo salaam (Garib)(1942) Singer-Surendra, Lyrics-Pt Indra, MD-Anil Biswas

Lyrics

o haseenon ko kar lo salaam
salaam more raaja
haseenon ko kar lo salaam
salaam
salaam more raaja
haseenon ko kar lo salaam
aankh lag jaaye to bas jaao wahin
dil machal jaaye to mit jaao wahin
aankh lag jaaye to bas jaao wahin
dil machal jaaye to mit jaao wahin
zara kar lo shaheedon mein naam
zara kar lo shaheedon mein naam
naam
naam more raaja
haseenon ko kar lo salaam
salaam more raaja
haseenon ko kar lo salaam

husn waale salaamat hain apne yahaan
husn waale salaamat hain apne yahaan
wo hamen chhod kar aur jaayen kahaan
wo hamen chhod kar aur jaayen kahaan
roz khali hai apna mukaam
roz khaali hai apna mukaam
mukaam
mukaam more raaja
haseenon ko kar lo salaam
salaam more raaja
haseenon ko kar lo salaam
salaam
salaam


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3718 Post No. : 14651 Movie Count :

4003

Today’s song is from the film “Das Baje” aka “Ten O’ Clock”-1942. It was a Prabhat film, directed by Raja Nene. The lyrics and the story was by Pt. Mukhram Sharma ‘Ashant’. The music director was Keshavrao Bhole. The cast included Paresh Banerji, Urmila, Vasant Thengdi, Baby Shakuntala ( Debut film) and many others. This was a bilingual film in Hindi and Marathi (Daha Vajta).

When Silent film making was in full swing in the 20s and 30s, there were as many as 217 film making companies, spread over different centres like Bombay, Poona, Kolhapur, Nashik, Calcutta, Madras, Bangalore and Lahore mainly. Not all were very active, but few big companies like Madon, Prabhat, Maharashtra, British Dominion, Imperial,Kohinoor, krishna, Sagar, National, Sharda, Laxmi, Surya and United were some of the leading companies, based on their number of films produced. Not all the film makers had their own studios, they used to get the films made in others’ studios.

After the advent of the Talkie and end of making silent films, most of these 217 film companies closed down. However big companies like Imperial, Prabhat, Maharashtra, Kohinoor, krishna, Ranjit etc had their own studios and they started making Talkie films regularly. As the film industry grew bigger some more studios like Bombay Talkies, New Theatres, Pancholi etc came up and flourished. newer studios kept on coming. Some outside film makers like Ramnik lal Shah and Haribhai Desai from Bangalore came to Bombay and started their studios for making Talkie films. All of them flourished in the growing market.

Each studio had its own culture, rules and a battery of actors, directors, MDs etc on monthly pay rolls. Some big studios like Ranjit had, at one time, more than 700 people on its rolls. The Indian Government had even opened a Ration shop, inside their compound for the benefit of employee families. New Theatres, Bombay Talkies and Prabhat too had a sizable number of staff on its rolls. The studios had their own shooting facilities, about 3 to 6 shooting floors, props etc. in all these studios, there always was a Father figure, who controlled all the matters of the studio. For example, Baburao painter for Maharashtra film co., V Shantaram for Prabhat, Chandulal Shah for Ranjit, Sohrab Modi for Minerva, Himanshu Rai for Bombay Talkies, Chimanlal Desai for Sagar, B N Sircar for new Theatres, Dalsukh Pancholi for Pancholi, Lahore etc etc.

As the years passed by, the studio system became weak. There were many reasons. Two of the main reasons were..1. during the war period lot of Black money flowed into film production. producers, Financiers and the Distributors became dictators in star selection story, music…everything. They lured big stars from other studios by offering much more money. Thus studio system slowly became a freelance contract system. 2. more important reason was that due to the short sightedness, autocratic behaviours, use and throw attitudes, bad decisions/habits of the owners, many well known studios were deserted by its stars. Due to gambling of the owners, Sagar and Ranjit studios crumbled and due to Ego clashes of Titans, New Theatres was destroyed. Some stars felt that that prabhat and Minerva took undue advantage of them and new actors did not want to get tied up with one studio.

Reportedly, some studio owners were infamous for cheating their stars while signing contracts. Names that are involved in this are that of Sohrab modi (Meena Shorey, Jyoti), W.Z.Ahmed of Shalimar studios (Sitara Kanpuri ), V.Shantaram (Shanta Apte, B.Nandrekar and S.Purushottam).

When the studios broke up, they gave way to new establishments. Sagar gave way to National and mehboob studios, Bombay Talkies fragmented into Filmistan, N R Achaya films and later filmalaya, New Theatre directors started their own companies like Bimal Roy, Barua, Nitin Bose etc., Prabhat made way for Rajkamal, Nene production, Alhad Chitra of Dharmadhikari etc.

Today’s film Das Baje -42 was a film made at the time when Prabhat’s disintegration had started. Shantaram had already walked out to start Rajkamal. After film Das Baje-42, during 1943, another batch of Raja nene, Shantaram Atavale, Datta Dharmadhikari and Keshavrao Bhole left Prabhat, while film Ramshastri was in the making. K.Bhole however, completed the music composition of film Ramshastri before leaving Prabhat.

In the cast of Das baje-42, you will find a name Urmila- in some films she is named as Urmila Devi also. She was not a very good looking actress, but she compensated for it with her good acting. Urmila Talwar was born in 1921 at Panja Sahib, Rawalpindi district of United Punjab. her father, who was a Civil Contractor, died when she was only 5 year old. She did not get much education but could read and write as well as talk fluently, Urdu, Hindi and English.

She started her career with a small uncredited role in film Mirza Sahiban-33. She was the younger sister of Mirza in this film. After some more small roles, she got her major role in film Aasuon ki Duniya-36. After this, she did not look back and did Punjab Lancers-37, kahan hai manzil Teri-39, Hurricane special-39, Flying Ranee-39, Desh Bhakt-40, Sasural-41, Sajjan-41, Mere Sajan-41, Naari-42, Das Baje-42, Call of youth-42, Badal -42, Apna Paraya-42, Tamash-42, Kirti-42, Salma-43 and last film Bansari-43. After this Urmila got married and stopped working in films, for some time, may be for raising a family. She resumed working in films and acted in another 20 odd films till 1952. Sometimes she was mentioned as Urmila Gupta also. She had sung 12 songs.

Das Baje was the film from where Pt. Mukhram Sharma came to Hindi films prominently. He left Prabhat after writing songs and story of Ramshastri-44.
Pt. Mukhram Sharma was born in Poothi village of Uttar Pradesh, India on 29 May 1909. He studied Sanskrit and was brought up in Meerat. He worked as a Hindi and Sanskrit language teacher while continuing writing poetry and short stories for local magazine.

Sharma narrated one of his stories to one of his friends in Meerut who was associated with Hindi film industry. On his friend’s request, who was impressed with Sharma’s stories, Sharma to visited Mumbai (then Bombay) in 1939. But, he did not get any work in Mumbai so Sharma moved to Poona, Maharashtra with his family. He joined Prabhat Films owned by filmmaker V. Shantaram as a Marathi language tutor to new comers at the salary of Rs 40 per month.

From 1940 to 1942 he was there and wrote songs for Sant Dnyaneshwar-40, Sant Sakhu-41 and Das Baje-42. During this period Sharma got involved with a Marathi actress Shanta Mujumdar and married her. In 1942, Sharma got his break by penning lyrics and dialogue of the Hindi-Marathi bilingual film Das Baje. The film was directed by Raja Nene, starring Urmila and Paresh Banerji. He worked with Nene on more films like Taramati, based on mythological love story of King Harishchandra and Taramati where actress Shobhana Samarth played the title role. He worked on more mythological films like Vishnu Bhagwan and Nal Damyanti. Sharma’s next film was Marathi Film Stree Janma Hee Tujhi Kahani (1952) which was with director Datta Dharmadhikari. The film was based on Sharma’s earlier short story Aaj Ka Sawaal, later recreated in Hindi as Aurat teri yehi kahani (1954) by Chaturbhuj Doshi.

Meeting initial success, Sharma moved to Mumbai where his first film released in 1954 was Aulad. He won the first Filmfare award in the Best story (1955) category He continued writing for films like Vachan (1955), Ek hi rasta (1956), Dushman, Sadhana (1958), Santaan, Do Behneh, Talaq (1958), Dhool ka Phool (1959), Samadhi, Pyar kiya to darna kya(1963), and Humjoli (1970). Sharma’s films often dealt with prevailing social issues. For Sadhana (1958) which described the life of a prostitute, Sharma had initially approached director Bimal Roy who requested to change the ending. Sharma refused for any alternation to the story and approached B R Chopra who made the film . Sharma also worked with filmmaker L V Prasad for his Hindi film, Daadi Maa (1966), Raja aur Rank (1968), Jeene ki raah (1969), and Main sundar hoon (1971), with AVM Prodn for Do kaliyan (1968) and with Gemini Studios for Gharana (1961), Grahasti (1963).

Sharma took retirement from film writing after the release of Naukar (1979) and Sau din saas ke (1980) and moved to Meerut.

He got 3 FF awards for Best story, Sangeet natak Academi award in 1961 and many other awards too.

Sharma died on 25 April 2000 at the age of 92 at his residence in Meerut.

Film India of Baburao Patel, famous and popular from 30s to the 50s, reviewed about 50 films every year. he was so critical that his praise would come only for 10% films. In his opinion, 60% films were poor, 30% were so-so and only 10 % were watchable. In the january 1943 issue of Fil India, he has reviewed film Das Baje-42, in which he criticised every aspect of the film. he had only good words for the Debutante child artiste baby Shakuntala 6 years old, as the only redeeming point in the film. However, as was usually the case, despite his criticism, the film was a grand success commercially and it was appreciated also. Here is the story of the film…

Asha (Urmila) and Dilip (Paresh Bannerji) study together in college and are in love with each other. While Urmila comes from a wealthy family, Dilip is poor but academically brilliant. His family consists of a young eight-year-old sister (Baby Shakuntala), whom he takes care of. Trouble arises when Urmila’s father wants her to marry Dr. Ramesh (Vasnt Thengdi), who comes from an equally wealthy family, and has just returned from abroad after completing his medical studies. Asha agrees to sacrifice her love at her father’s insistence and frail condition. During the wedding ceremony, Asha faints and the marriage is postponed. Dr. Ramesh tends to her and she informs him of her love for Dilip. She then tells her father that she will only marry Dilip and he agrees. Dilip meets with an accident when he is struck by a car. He comes under Dr. Ramesh’s care who has to operate on him. For some moments, Dr. Ramesh is faced with either having the woman he loves or saving Dilip. In the end he goes with his conscience and operates successfully on Dilip.

Let us now listen to the song from this film. It is sung by Urmila and Paresh Banerjee. With this song, the film and singer Urmila make Debuts on the Blog.

(credits- Filmography by Dr. Verma,Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, Manto’s book ‘ Dastavez’-vol 5, Film Directory, wiki, Hindi filmon ke geetkar,MuVyz, HFGK, Cinerang by Isak Mujawar and my notes.)


Song-Aaj ki duniya kal se nyaari (Das Baje)(1942) Singers- Paresh Bannerji, Urmila, Lyricist- Pt. Mukhram Sharma, MD-Keshavrao Bhole
Both

Lyrics

aaj ki duniya
kal se nyaari
aaj ki duniya
kal se nyaari

ped niraale
paat niraale
ped niraale
paat niraale
bel niraali
phool niraale
bel niraali
phool niraale

rang niraala
gandh niraali
rang niraala
gandh niraali
goonje bhanwra
mahke kyaari

goonje bhanwra
mahke kyaari
aaj ki duniya
kal se nyaari
aaj ki duniya
kal se nyaari

khule gagan mein panchhi doley
khule gagan mein panchhi doley
meethhi meethhi boli bolen
meethhi meethhi boli bolen

gaan niraala
taan niraali
aaj sunaaye koyal kaari
gaan niraala
taan niraali

aaaj sunaaye koyal kaari
aaj ki duniya
kal se nyaari
aaj ki duniya
kal se nyaari

dukh ka parwat
chadhke hans kar
kaanten pathh ke
kuchal kuchal kar

dukh ka parwat
chadhke hans kar
kaanten pathh ke
kuchal kuchal kar

aaj niraala jeewan paaya
aaj niraala jeewan paaya
poori saari
saadh hamaari
poori saari
saadh hamaari
aaj ki duniya
kal se nyaari
aaj ki duniya
kal se nyaari
aaj ki duniya
kal se nyaari


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3700 Post No. : 14619

‘Ujaala’ (1942) was produced under the banner of Taj Mahal Pictures and was directed by K M Multani. The film was based on a story by M A Mughani whose name also appears as the ‘producer’ of the film. The screen play and dialogues were written by Kamal Amrohi. The star cast included Prithviraj Kapoor, Naseem Bano, Mubarak, Ratan Bai, Mirza Musharaf, Baby Vinod Kumari, Jhilani etc.

The film was the maiden venture of Taj Mahal Pictures which was set up by M. Ehsan. However, the film’s publicity materials mentioned M A Mughani, the story writer as the ‘producer’ of the film with M. Ehsan as Associate Producer. My guess is that after completing the college, Ehsan set up this film production company without having any experience in film production. So he may have given a greater role to M A Mughani in the film production who had earlier worked in Minerva Movietone. It was said that Ehsan was a childhood friend of Naseem Bano and she may have partly financed his film production company.

For Naseem Bano, it was her first film after she was released from her contract with Minerva Movietone by Sahorab Modi on her request in 1940. Till that time, she had acted in Minerva’s Movietone’s films like ‘Hamlet’ aka ‘Khoon Kaa Khoon’ (1935), ‘Khan Bahadur’ (1937), ‘Vasanti’ (1938), ‘Meetha Zahar’ (1938), ‘Divorce’ aka ‘Talaaq’ (1938), ‘Pukar’ (1939) and ‘Defeat’ aka ‘Main Haari’ (1940).

After Naseem Bano’s last released film in 1940, there was a gap of nearly 2 years before ‘Ujaala’ (1942) was released in February 1942. It is said that sometime during this interregnum, she accompanied her mother, Shamshad Begum, (a classical singer who was known as Chhamia in the music circle) to be the guest of the son of the Nizam of Hyderabad. There seems to be more to it than being merely the guest in Hyderabad. It was rumoured that Nizam’s prince was interested in marrying Naseem Bano. However, after spending sometime in Hyderabad, both mother and daughter did not like the environment in Hyderabad. So both returned to Bombay (Mumbai). ‘Ujaala’ (1942) was the first film Naseem Bano signed after returning to Bombay.

During the making of the film, a couple of things happened which could have affected the film’s publicity. First, some unscrupulous persons carried out propaganda against Naseem Bano by printing slanderous posters about her. People in the know felt that it was the handiwork of the supporters of the son of Nizam of Hyderbad who were in his payrolls, to tarnish the image of Naseem Bano. But soon, it died down. Probably the fans of Naseem Bano put more faith in her than in the slanderous propaganda.

Second, there were some creative differences between film’s dialogue writer, Kamal Amrohi and the film’s de-facto producer and story writer, M A Mughani. Both had become ‘heavy-weights’ in the film industry after the success of ‘Pukar’ (1939) in which Kamal Amrohi wrote dialogues and lyrics and Mughani was the Publicity Manager. The issues were amicably sorted out and the film was released on February 21 1942 at Lamington Theatre, Bombay (Mumbai).

I have attempted below, a gist of the film’s story based on the film’s review which appeared in April 1942 issue of ‘Filmindia’ magazine.

The story revolves around a theatre which is owned by Shyam (Prithviraj Kapoor). He is idealistic man, a learned musician and also a strict disciplinarian. Maya (Ratan Bai) is the star artist of the theatre who falls to the flattery showered by Tiwari (Mubarak), a wealthy man who is the frequent visitor to the theatre. Maya responds to Tiwari’s flirtations which results in her late hours for the theatre activities. Shyam admonishes her for breaking the theatre discipline resulting in frequent quarrels. One day, Maya, believing the numerous promises of Tiwari, walks out of the Theatre.

Shyam is on a look out for a new girl in place of Maya and find Saroj (Naseem Bano), a dancer. First, she refuses to see him. After listening to his sitar recital over the radio, she falls for him as a musician but refuses to work for him on the stage. Each of them becomes more obstinate than before whenever they meet.

To break down her obstinacy, Shyam takes a flat just below the flat occupied by Saroj. One day, he plays sitar non-stop. At first, Saroj ignores the music but the urge of music in her makes her to dance to the tune of Shyam’s sitar. She admits her defeat and agrees to join his stage show. But this time, Shyam refuses to accept her.

In the meanwhile, Shyam’s theatre has been running into losses. One day, he decides to hand over the theatre to his Manager, Mirza (Mirza Musharaf) and devote his attention to music. Mirza manages a surprise and recruit a new girl, Sarojini for the stage show. Mirza convinces Shyam to attend the opening show. To his surprise, Shyam finds Sarojini is none other than Saroj.

With Saroj, all shows of the theatre become success. Shyam falls in love with Saroj which she reciprocates. Once again, Tiwari comes in to scene to lure Saroj for his personal pleasure. On the marriage day, Saroj is kidnapped by Tiwari and kept in his house. Shyam is distraught. Saroj jumps out of the window of the house where she was kept as prisoner and becomes permanently disabled. Tiwari gets reformed after seeing her pathetic conditions. After some more emotional drama, Shyam and Saroj are united.

Despite a favourable review by ‘Filmindia’, the film failed at the box office. Ehsan incurred heavy losses. He closed down Taj Mahal Pictures in March 1942. The only gain out of producing the film for Ehsan was that Naseem Bano married him and shifted to Delhi after the film’s release. She left the film industry when she was still ‘pari chehra’ (fairy face) for her fans.

But there are twists in the stories of Naseem Bano and the Taj Mahal Pictures. Before that, I need to mention about the system of license for a film production company which was introduced during World War-II. Without this license issued by the Government, the film production company could not import raw films for shooting.

A question was raised in the Central Legislative Assembly (akin to Lok Sabha now) by a legislator “on what grounds Taj Mahal Pictures of Bombay was given licence when the said concern had already closed its business in March 1942”. The Minister of Industry & Civil Supplies replied that “Taj Mahal Pictures did not stop their business. The Government was satisfied that in the absence of the licence, the company could not produce the film and a considerable hardship would be caused if a licence is not granted to them” (as verbatim reported in April 1945 issue of ‘Filmindia’ magazine).

I can now relate this piece of information as to why a dormant film production company like Taj Mahal Pictures got revived. This has also got a connection with the return of Naseem Bano to Bombay film industry in 1944.

Sometime in 1943, Shashdhar Mukherjee along with Rai Bahadur Chunnilal, Gyan Mukherjee, Ashok Kumar, Savak Vacha, Kavi Pradeep and others left Bombay Talkies due to differences with Devika Rani who had taken the reign of Bombay Talkies after the death of her husband, Himansu Roy. This group formed Filmistan Studio. Shashdhar Mukherjee wanted to produce a film on a scale of his box office success film ‘Kismet (1943) which would be his fitting reply to Devika Rani for her ill-treatment of his team.

Shashdhar Mukherjee hit upon an idea of casting Naseem Akhtar in his film ‘Chal Chal Re Naujawaan’ (1944). Since she had already left the film industry in March 1942, it was a difficult proposition to woo her to accept the role in his film. He travelled to Delhi and met M Ehsan, Naseem’s husband with his plan to cast his wife. After much persuasion and a visit by Rai Bahadur Chunnilal, Ehsan agreed on certain conditions. One of the important conditions in the contract was that Shashdhar Mukherjee would oversee the production of one more film under the banner of Taj Mahal Pictures.

It took a long time for ‘Chal Chal Re Naujawaan’ (1944) to be completed. Contrary to the general expectation, the film did not fare well on the box office front. However, as per the contract, Shashdhar Mukherjee was to oversee the production of another film for Ehsan. So the film ‘Begum’ (1945) was stared with most of the infrastructure and resources of Filmistan Studios. The film starred with Ashok Kumar and Naseem Bano in lead roles. With this film, Ehsan’s production company was revived which later produced films like ‘Mulaaqat’ (1947), ‘Chaandni Raat’ (1949), and ‘Ajeeb Ladki’ (1952). Ehsan migrated to Pakistan taking with him all the films he produced in India.

What an irony in Ehsan’s filmy career! When he lost money in ‘Ujaala’ (1942), he gained Naseem Bano. But when he earned a lot of money in Pakistan after releasing these films, he had lost Naseem Bano who was legally separated from him due to his migration to Pakistan.

Now let me present the first song from Ehsan’s first film ‘Ujaala’ (1942). The song is ‘main dekh rahi hoon duniya ke nazaare’ sung by Ratan Bai. The film had six songs, all set to music by Bashir Dehlvi. The lyricist of all the six songs in the film is unattributed. Going by the convention of most of the 1930s and early 1940s films when song writing was a part of dialogue writers, I guess that the song was written by Kamal Amrohi who was the dialogue writer for the film. Incidentally, Kamal Amrohi had written songs for the films ‘Jailor’ (1938), ‘Pukar’ (1939) and ‘Main Hari’ (1940) where he was also the dialogue writer.

With this song, ‘Ujaala’ (1942) makes its debut in the Blog.

Note: This article is based on some of the information gathered from the various issues of ‘Filmindia’ magazines and from the book, ‘Stars From Another Sky’ (2010) by Sadat Hasan Manto.

Audio Clip:

Song-Main dekh rahi hoon duniya ke nazaare (Ujaala)(1942) Singer-Ratan Bai, MD-Bashir Dehalvi

Lyrics

main dekh rahi hoon
oon oon oon
duniya ke nazaare
duniya ke nazaare
main dekh rahi hoon
oon oon oon
duniya ke nazaare
duniya ke nazaare

khilti huyi kaliyaan
jharnon ke kinaare
khilti huyi kaliyaan
jharnon ke kinaare
jharnon ke kinaare
main dekh rahi hoon
oon oon oon
duniya ke nazaare
duniya ke nazaare

bhanwre kaa machalna
daali kaa lachakna
bhanwre kaa machalna
daali kaa lachakna
gulshan kaa tamaasha
phoolon kaa mahakna
gulshan kaa tamaasha
phoolon kaa mahakna
rangeen ishaare
haan rangeen ishaare
main dekh rahi hoon
oon oon oon
duniya ke nazaare
duniya ke nazaare

ab jaise ye duniya
kuchh baaten karegi
ab jaise ye duniya
kuchh baaten karegi
chup reh na sakegi
chup reh na sakegi
hamse hi kahegi
afsaane hamaare
hamse hi kahegi
afsaane hamaare
afsaane hamaare
main dekh rahi hoon
oon oon oon
duniya ke nazaare
duniya ke nazaare


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3697 Post No. : 14614

In the early 1930s, New Theatres (NT) of Calcutta (Kolkata) had become the ‘sanctuary’ for Hindi film artists from Bombay (Mumbai), Lahore and for upcoming artists for better prospects. Some of the prominent Hindi film artists who had joined NT were K L Saigal, Prithviraj Kapoor, Durga Khote, Mazhar Khan, M Kumar, Jagdish Sethi, Kidar Sharma, Aarzoo Lucknowi, K N Singh, Bikram Kapoor Hiralal, Sitara Devi among many others.

Between the end of the 1930s and the beginning of 1940s, almost all of the above mentioned artists left NT to join the Bombay film industry. At the outset, it would appear that they had shifted to Mumbai for better opportunity and prospects in their filmy careers as the number of Hindi films produced in Mumbai far exceeded that from Kolkata. However, there was one more reason for the artists leaving NT and it had something to do with the way the system of film making in NT worked.

Most of the films produced in NT were simultaneously made in Bengali and Hindi based mostly on the Bengali stories. So the film was shot scene by scene first in Bengali with actors for Hindi version being asked to copy the way the Bengali actors acted and delivered dialogues. There was not much of creative freedom for Hindi actors. The same was true for the screen-play and dialogue writers for Hindi version as they only had to provide verbatim translation from the Bengali version.

Kidar Sharma who worked with NT as screen-play and dialogue writer in addition to writing lyrics for the Hindi versions, left NT sometime in 1939 due to creative differences with director Debaki Bose. Also he had an ambition to become a director which was not possible in NT as they preferred directors well versed in Bengali literature for the reason that most of their films were based on Bengali stories. After directing films ‘Aulad’ (1939) and ‘Chitralekha’ (1941) for Film Corporation of India, Kolkata, Kidar Sharma joined Ranjit Movietone on 3/10/1941.

‘Armaan’ (1942) was first film of Kidar Sharma for Ranjit Movietone. Apart from directing the film, Kidar Sharma also wrote the story, screen-play, dialogues and lyrics. The star cast included Motilal and Shamim Bano in the lead roles supported by Nagendra Majumdar, Meera, Bhagwandas, A Shah Shikarpuri, Nazir Bedi, Reva Shankar, Rajendra Singh etc.

There are a couple of interesting trivia while selecting the lead actors for the film. Kidar Sharma wanted to cast Motilal as the lead actor who was not attached to any studios. But he used to work in Ranjit Movietone’s films with an understanding that he would choose the director. Motilal agreed to work with Kidar Sharma on three conditions. First, he would work with a fixed schedule from 9.00 A.M. to 6.00 PM. Second, he would not work on Sundays. And lastly, he would not attend rehearsals. Since Kidar Sharma had fixation about Motilal for his natural acting, he agreed with all his three conditions. However, during the shooting of the film, Motilal himself broke two of his three conditions, rehearsing the scenes and working beyond 6.00 p.m.

When Kidar Sharma selected Shamim Bano (niece of Khurshid Bano, the top actress of Ranjit Movietone) as the lead actress for the film, Chandulal Shah, the boss of Ranjit Movietone had warned him that Khursheed Bano would never work with him as she was jealous of her niece. However, Kidar Sharma not only went ahead with his choice of heroine for the film, he also directed Khursheed Bano in one of his Ranjit Movietone’s films ‘Mumtaz Mahal’ (1944). These are anecdotes which have been mentioned in Kidar Sharma’s autobiography ‘The One and Lonely Kidar Sharma’ (2002).

The gist of the story of ‘Armaan’ (1942) based on the review of the film appeared in October 1942 issue of ‘Filmindia’ is as under:

Prince Kanwal (Motilal) the son of a big zamindar of Ballabhgadh travels to a nearby village to commission the renovation of old paintings to village artist Vyas (Nagendra Mazumdar) who lives with his only daughter, Meera (Shamim). Meera who has seen the Prince in the village with his big car, falls in love with him but Prince is not aware of it. The prince has also given Vyas the task of decorating his palace hall with murals.

Prince has a scientific bend of mind and is doing research in his laboratory of a magical ray that registers the feelings of pains and pleasure. One day during his experimentation of rays, Prince becomes blind. In the meanwhile, Vyas, the artist and his daughter, Meera visit Ballabhgadh for commencing the work of decorating palace with murals. Meera accidentally meets Prince in his palace garden and enters into conversation with him without realising that the Prince has become blind. When she come to know about his blindness, she becomes romantically close to him which Prince reciprocate.

The romance progresses to the dislike of Prince’s uncle (Bhagwandas) who is also the Diwan of Ballabhgadh. He pressurises the King to separate the two by sending Prince out of Ballabhgadh on some pretext. Meera is heart-broken. Meera’s conditions make Vyas worrisome and one day in the fit of depression, he commits suicide. Meera is now orphan. She decides to devote her entire life to the service of God.

One day, Meera meets a Sadhu whose asceticism is shattered after seeing Meera. Very soon, Sadhu starts making some indecent advances. Hearing the story of the blindness of Prince, Sadhu promises Meera that his medicine would restore the eye sight of Prince. But Meera has to pay the cost (in terms of her submission to him). She agrees provided the eye-sight is restored. When the medicine is ready, Meera kills Sadhu and runs away with the medicine to the palace only to find that Prince has become the King after the death of his father.

Meera is not allowed to enter the palace. However, she is compelled to hand over the medicine to one of the dancing girl so that if successful in restoring the eye sight of Prince, Diwan can claim credit for the same. Prince’s eye sight is restored only to see Meera being brought to the palace as a killer of Sadhu. All evidences are against Meera. However, when Meera reveals to the King all the background, Prince recognises the voice and the lovers are united.

The film was released on 22nd August 1942 at Royal Opera House but had to be withdrawn within one day due to communal disturbances. It was once again released after a few weeks at Royal Opera House. The film was regarded as a box office success bringing Shamim Bano into the mainstream cinema.

‘Armaan’ (1942) had 9 songs, all written by Kidar Sharma and set to music by Gyan Dutt. I am presenting the first song ‘Laao To Zara Dil Ko Isey Dil Mein Chhupaaun’ sung by Shamim Bano who was paired with Motilal in the lead role.

From the wordings of the lyrics, it appears that this song was picturised in the palace garden where Shamim meets Motilal without realising that he had become blind. When Shamim comes to know about his blindness, she says ‘Let your heart be with my heart. Let my eyes become your eyes to see the whole world’.


Song – Laao To Zara Dil Ko Isey Dil Mein Chhupa Loon (Armaan) (1942) Singer – Shamim Bano, Lyrics – Kidar Sharma, MD – Gyan Dutt

Lyrics

laao to jara dil ko
isey dil mein chhupaaun
isey dil mein chhupaaun
laao to jara dil ko
isey dil mein chhupaaun
isey dil mein chhupaaun
baitho meri aankhon mein
baitho meri aankhon mein
tumhen duniya dikhhaaun
tumhen duniya dikhhaaun
baitho meri aankhon mein
tumhen duniya dikhhaaun
tumhen duniya dikhhaaun
 
kasturi hai in mein
jinhen khud soongh rahen hain
kasturi hai in mein
jinhen khud soongh rahen hain
un jhopdon mein dekho
diye oongh rahe hain
diye oongh rahe hain
un jhopdon mein dekho
diye oongh rahe hain
diye oongh rahe hain

seedhe hain ke sadhe se lagey
door khade hain
seedhe hain ke sadhe se lagey
door khade hain

aur jugnu hari jhaadion mein heere jade hain
aur jugnu hari jhaadion mein heere jade hain

aakash ke kuchch taaren hain
wo  jhaank rahe hain
aakash ke kuchch taaren hain
wo  jhaank rahe hain

aur jal mein bechaare hain jo wo
jal mein bechaare hain jo wo
kaanp rahe hain

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

लाओ तो ज़रा दिल को
इसे दिल में छुपाऊँ
इसे दिल में छुपाऊँ
लाओ तो ज़रा दिल को
इसे दिल में छुपाऊँ
इसे दिल में छुपाऊँ
बैठो मेरी आँखों में
तुम्हें दुनिया दिखाऊँ
तुम्हें दुनिया दिखाऊँ
बैठो मेरी आँखों में
तुम्हें दुनिया दिखाऊँ
तुम्हें दुनिया दिखाऊँ

कस्तूरी है इन में
जिन्हें कुछ सूंघ रहे हैं
कस्तूरी है इन में
जिन्हें कुछ सूंघ रहे हैं
उन झोपड़ों में देखो
दिये ऊंघ रहे हैं
दिये ऊंघ रहे हैं
उन झोपड़ों में देखो
दिये ऊंघ रहे हैं
दिये ऊंघ रहे हैं

सीधे हैं के सधे से लगे
दूर खड़े हैं
सीधे हैं के सधे से लगे
दूर खड़े हैं

और जुगनू हरी झाड़िओं में हीरे जड़े हैं
और जुगनू हरी झाड़िओं में हीरे जड़े हैं

आकाश से कुछ तारे हैं
वो झांक रहे हैं
आकाश से कुछ तारे हैं
वो झांक रहे हैं

और जल में बेचारे हैं जो वो
जल में बेचारे हैं जो वो
काँप रहे हैं


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3684 Post No. : 14586

“Lajwanti”(1942), alias “Radio Singer” was directed y Hiralal R Doctor for Shree Ganesh Pictures, Bombay. This “social” movie had Ratanbai, Anuradha, Wazir Mohammad Khan, Ashiq Hussain, Fakir Mohammad, Ratan Modi etc in it.

The movie had ten songs in it. Singers and lyricists of these songs are not known.

Here is the first song from “Lajwanti”(1942) to appear in the blog. This song is a bhajan which is sung by an unknown female voice which sounds somewhat familiar. Lyricist is not known. Music is composed by Shyam Babu, who I assume is same as Shyam Babu Pathak.

I have an intuition that this female voice may be that of Ratanbai, the leading actor of this movie who was an actor singer. This blog has seven songs sung by her. On comparing the voice of this song with that of the seven Ratan Bai songs, I feel that the voice is same. So I have assumed this song to be sung by Ratan Bai.

I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the movie as well as on the identity of this voice.

With this rare song, “Lajwanti”(1942) makes its debut in the blog.


Song-Teri mahima aprampaar tu hai jag ka paalanhaar(Lajwanti)(1942) Singer-Ratan Bai, MD-Shyam Babu Pathak

Lyrics

Teri mahima aprampaar
tu hai jag ka paalanhaar
teri mahima aprampaar
tu hai jag ka paalanhaar
sooraj chandr jo raushni dete
saagar sarita bahte bahte
saare jag ko mahima kahte
sooraj chandr jo raushni dete
saagar sarita bahte bahte
saare jag ko mahima kahte
saare jag ko mahima kahte
tu hai jag ka khewanhaar
tero koi na paawe paar
tu hai jag ka khewanhaar
tero koi na paawe paar

phal phool main kya chadhaaun
deepak ko main kyun jalaaun
phal phool main kya chadhaaun
deepak ko main kyun jalaaun
teri bhakti kaise dhyaaun
teri bhakti kaise dhyaaun
tu hai jag ka paalanhaar
tero sabhi to hai sansaar
tu hai jag ka paalanhaar
tero sabhi to hai sansaar
teri mahima aprampaar
tu hai jag ka paalanhaar
teri mahima aprampaar
tu hai jag ka paalanhaar


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3683 Post No. : 14582

“Kalaakaar”(1942) was directed by Karim for Durga pictures, Bombay. This “social” movie had Jal Merchant, Maya Devi, M Sultana, Fakeer Mohammad, Abdul, Anant, Ali, Rani Bala, Sayyad Ahmad, Fazlu, Nazeera etc in it.

This by now obscure movie had nine songs in it and they are all obscure songs.

Here is the first song from “Kalaakaar”(1942) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Faqir Mohammad and Rehmat Bai. Karim is the lyricist. Music is composed by Bashir Dehalwi.

Only the audio of the song is available. Since Faqir Mohammad appears in the cast, so it is clear that he sang for himself, but one cannot be sure which female artist lip synced the song on screen in the voice of Rahmat Bai.

I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the movie as well as on the picturisation of this song.

With this song, “Kalaakaar”(1942) makes its debut in the blog.


Song-Tu shama bane main parwaana (Kalaakaar)(1942) Singers-Faqir Mohammad, Rehmat Bai, Lyrics-Karim, MD-Bashir Dehalwi

Lyrics

Tu shama baney main parwaana
tu shama baney main parwaana
shama baney main parwaana
tu shama bane
main husn banoon tu deewaana
main husn banoon tu deewaana

main parwaana
Tu shama baney

main mast banaaun
sudh bisraaun
apna roop dikhaaun
main mast banaaun
sudh bisraaun
apna roop dikhaaun

main tan man kho kar
besudh ho kar
tan man kho kar
besudh ho kar
do naina ban jaaun
do naina ban jaaun
main bijli ban kar chamkoon
main taara ban kar dekhoon
main bijli ban kar chamkoon
main taara ban kar dekhoon
dil ko kar ke najraana aa aa aa
main parwaana
tu shama baney main

main jag mein
main jag mein bhor suhaani ban kar
ujiyaala phailaaun
main jag mein
main jag mein bhor suhaani ban kar
ujiyaala phailaaun

main shabnam ka moti ban kar
nainon se neer bahaaun
main shabnam ka moti ban kar
nainon se neer bahaaun
main tez badhaaun
dhoop lage kumhlaaun
rahe na mera fasaana aa aa aa
main parwaana
tu shama baney


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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 14700 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3800 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

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Movies with all their songs covered =1153
Total Number of movies covered =4044

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