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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Meenakshi Shirodkar Songs’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3604 Post No. : 14382

Today’s song is from an obscure film from 1941 – ‘Amrit’. The film was produced by Navyug Chitrapat Ltd. It was directed by Master Vinayak. The music was by Dada Chandekar, who was a regular with Master Vinayak, for his Hindi and Marathi films. The cast of the film was Meenakshi Shirodkar, Vinayak, Master Vithal, Lalita Pawar, Baburao Pendharkar, Dada Salvi, Damuanna Malvankar, Vishnupant Jog etc. The cameraman was Pandurang Naik, one of the owners of Navyug, along with Baburao, PK Atre and Vinayak, of course.

Hindi film industry of Bombay was dominated by Gujarati and Marathi people. It was natural, considering that Bombay was located in Maharashtra and close to Gujarat. The Gujarati people had money, so they became producers, financiers, owners and distributors, never interfering with the making of films, but controlled the monetary part. Marathi people had talents in various categories like acting, music, direction, publicity etc. As the industry grew and got talents from every part of India, in due course the number of Marathi people diminished in the industry. During this period, the Marathi film industry was also very strong and the Marathi crowd of Hindi films shifted to Marathi industry.

Till independence, this situation was in place. The Marathi film makers like Master Vinayak, V Shantaram, Bhalji Pendharkar etc made films simultaneously in Marathi and Hindi, from the earliest time of the film making in India. This trend, however, almost stopped completely, after the polarisation in 1947, except for few bilingual films made later, like ‘Chhatrapati Shivaji’ in 1952 and ‘Mahatma’ in 1953 which came in Marathi and Hindi. ‘Mahatma’ was even made in English.

Master Vinayak Karnataki (19-1-1906 to 19-8-1947) was born in Kolhapur. Many of his cousins and family members were already in film line. His half brothers Bhal ji and Baburao Pendharkar, maternal cousin V Shantaram and his brother V Avadhoot (cinematographer) were in films. His own brother Vasudev also became a cameraman. Master Vinayak was working as a teacher in a school, but Bhalji convinced him to join films. Initially Vinayak was with Prabhat, working under Shantaram and learning many things. He started his own company, Hans Pictures, in partnership with Baburao Pendharkar and cameraman Pandurang Naik. Their first film was ‘Chhaaya’ (1936). Almost all films made by Master Vinayak till 1947 were bilingual in Marathi and Hindi, sometimes with different titles, like ‘Ardhaangi’ in Marathi became ‘Ghar Ki Rani’ (1940) in Hindi etc.

While Shantaram stressed on technical aspects of film making successfully, Vinayak was keen on strong story. Therefore he used the works of top class writers in Marathi like VS Khandekar, PK Atre, Mama Varerkar etc. [Auth Note: VS Khandekar later won the Sahitya Academi Award, the Jnanapeeth award, Padma Bhushan award and many more honours like D Litt etc. The Government issued a postage stamp in his honour, after his death.] ‘Chhaaya’ won many awards and was commercially successful. Next came ‘Dharamveer’ (1937) and ‘Premveer’ (also 1937). The heroine in ‘Premveer’ was Ashalata – wife of music director Anil Biswas). Then came ‘Jwaala’ in 1938, with Chandramohan in both versions – Marathi and Hindi. He learnt to speak excellent Marathi for this film. Later he did three more Marathi films. Unfortunately, ‘Jwaala’ was a resounding flop – not because of any reason other than Master Vinayak meddling with the story too much, according to VS Khandekar (this appears to be a chronic ailment of film line !).

Master Vinayak fell back on comedy and made ‘Brahmachari’ in 1938 and ‘Brandi Ki Botal’ in 1939. Both were successful, but the loss due to ‘Jwaala’ was too big. Even one more comedy – ‘Ghar Ki Rani’ (1940) could not salvage the damage. Hans Pictures was dissolved to form another company Navyug Chitrapat, with PK Atre as a partner. Navyug was the first film company to offer 100 rs. shares directly to public. (Bombay Talkies had shares with only the directors, initially). The first film was ‘Lapandav’ (1940). Though it was successful, PK Atre left the company along with its heroine Vanmala – his consort, and established his own company Atre Pictures.

After another comedy, Navyug made ‘Amrit’ in 1941. In 1942, Navyug made the film ‘Pahili Mangalagaur’, in which Lata Mangeshkar made her debut as an actress and singer. She sang her first ever film song with Snehprabha Pradhan, under the baton of Dada Chandekar. There was a kissing scene of Snehprabha and Shahu Modak in this film. During the making of this film, Master Vinayak left Navyug and started his own company Prafull Pictures. He made several Hindi and Marathi films including ‘Badi Maa’ (1945). He died on 19-8-1947, just 4 days after Independence.

The music director of ‘Amrit’ was Dada Chandekar, a regular of Master Vinayak. His real name was Shankar Vishnu Chandekar. He was born on 19-3-1897 at Kolhapur. His father used to do ‘keertan‘ in temples. His younger brother Narhari used to call him as Dada (Bade Bhaiya – elder brother), and subsequently everyone started to call him Dada only. Later his real name was not known to anyone. He was an excellent harmonium player.

He joined Kirloskar Drama Company, where he used to do female roles, as per system in those days. Once Deenanath Mangeshkar’s Harmonium player was absent. Dada was called and then he worked in Deenanath’s Balwant Natak Mandali  for next 20 years. Later he joined Dhamman Khan, MD as his assistant. In 1935 he gave some songs in film ‘Kaliya Mardan’, when Dhamman Khan left midway.

In 1937 Dada Chandekar joined Hans Pictures. He composed the background music for ‘Jwaala’. Pleased by his work, Master Vinayak gave him his first independent film- ‘Bramhachari’ in 1938. All the songs became hits and were popular. Particularly the song by Meenakshi, “Yamuna Bich Khelun Khel, Kanhaiya”. The song was performed on screen by Meenakshi wearing a swimming costume, a very revolutionary idea in that era. The song became popular all over India. People repeatedly saw the film for this song and Meenakshi in swimming dress ! However, Master Vinayak did not get any money from this film, as he had to sell the film, while still in production, at a mesum- mainly because of the new heroine. Actually, it was successful due to her only.

Dada continued with Master Vinayak till 1947. Then he left Hindi films. Till 1964, he gave music to dramas and Marathi films. He also worked in All India Radio, Poona for some time. He died on 27-1-1976. In all, he gave music to 13 Hindi and 25 Marathi films. some of his Hindi films are, ‘Bramhachari’, ‘Brandy Ki Botal’, ‘Jwaala’, ‘Ghar Ki Rani’, ‘Amrit’, ‘Ladaai Ke Baad’, ‘Din Raat’, ‘Main Tera Hoon’, ‘Moti’ and ‘Phool Aur Kaante’.

One of the actors in the film was Damuanna Malvankar (1893 to 1975); incidentally the film shooting was done in his home town Malwan only. He was one of the most famous and popular comedian in Marathi films. He used his natural squint in his comedy. He did about 100 films in all, which also include Hindi films like ‘Andheri Duniya’, ‘Bramhachari’, ‘Brandy Ki Botal’, ‘Sangam’, ‘Ghar Ki Rani’, ‘Mera Haq’, ‘Mera Ladka’, ‘Badi Maa’, ‘Jeevan Yatra’, ‘Subhadra’, ‘Main Tera Hoon’etc. His daughter Bharati (Marathi film actress) is the wife of Lata’s brother Hridaynath Mangeshkar. Baburao Patel of Film India was a great fan of Damuanna Malvankar and wrote very lovingly about him in his magazine.

Then there was actor Vishnupant Jog, who paired with Damuanna in 29 comedy films.

I have not seen this film. Here is the film synopsis from ‘Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema’,

A complicated plot about class differences in a coastal Konkan village. It introduced a typical Khandekar character, the idealistic but dogmatic patriarch who becomes a victim of his own beliefs.

Here it is Bappa (Salvi), who monopolises the village palm trees from which toddy is made. He believes in fairness, not mercy. The story of his urban son Vilas (Master Vithal), his daughter Lata (Meenakshi) and her friend Sadanand (Master Vinayak) is interspersed with that of a drunken shoemaker Krishna (Baburao Pendharkar) and his wife Seeta (Lalita Pawar). Vilas, who covets the shoemaker’s wife Seeta, procures a new hut for them. He then starts having problems with his father and all the parallel stories converge when Vilas accidentally kills Seeta’s daughter.

Bappa, using his political influence, gets her innocent husband arrested instead and Seeta exploiting Vilas’s desire for her, retaliates by making him virtually her slave. Bappa eventually faces up to his moral responsibility in a tale that also warns against the Demon Drink.

The song being presented today, is sung by Meenakshi Shirodkar, Vishnupant Jog and chorus. This is an old style song. The film makes its debut on the blog.

[Author’s Note: Acknowledgements and thanks – The above write up refers to and has adapted material from Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, Marathi Chitrapat Sangeetkar Kosh, Listener’s Bulletin, IMDB, MuVyz, HFGK, Wikipedia, and my own notes.]


Song – Jaago Jawaano, Jaago Jawaano, Navyug Aaya Re (Amrit) (1941) Singer – Vishnupant Jog, Meenakshi Shirodkar, Lyrics – Pt Indra, Music – Dada Chandekar
Chorus

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

jaago. . .
jaago. . .
jaago jawaano
jaago jawaano
navyug aaya re
navyug aaya re
ey hey. . .

aaya re
aaya re
aaya re
jaago jawaano
jaago jawaano
navyug aaya re
navyug aaya re
ey hey. . .

nav jeevan laaya re
nav jeevan laaya re
laaya re
laaya re
laaya re
jaago jawaano
jaago jawaano
navyug aaya re
navyug aaya re

na koi nanga
na koi bhookha
na koi ooncha neecha
ik paani se
ik khaad se
sab booton ko seencha
amrit baagh lagaaya re
amrit baagh lagaaya re
jaago jawaano
jaago jawaano
navyug aaya re
navyug aaya re

teri daulat hai tu
teri taaqat hai tu
teri himmat hai tu
teri kismat hai tu
tere haathon mein honi jhoome
haan tere haathon mein honi jhoome
tere paanv ko manzil choome
tere paanv ko manzil choome
teri aankhon mein hardam savera
teri aankhon mein hardam savera
savera
savera
savera
savera
savera
savera
tu to suraj se chamki kaaya re
tu to suraj se chamki kaaya

jaago jawaano
jaago jawaano
navyug aaya re
navyug aaya re

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————
जागो॰ ॰ ॰
जागो॰ ॰ ॰
जागो जवानो
जागो जवानो
नवयुग आया रे
नवयुग आया रे
ए हे॰ ॰ ॰

आया रे
आया रे
आया रे
जागो जवानो
जागो जवानो
नवयुग आया रे
नवयुग आया रे
ए हे॰ ॰ ॰

नव जीवन लाया रे
नव जीवन लाया रे
लाया रे
लाया रे
लाया रे
जागो जवानो
जागो जवानो
नवयुग आया रे
नवयुग आया रे

ना कोई नंगा
ना कोई भूखा
ना कोई ऊंचा नीचा
इक पानी से
इक खाद से
सब बूटों को सींचा
अमृत बाग लगाया रे
अमृत बाग लगाया रे
जागो जवानो
जागो जवानो
नवयुग आया रे
नवयुग आया रे

तेरी दौलत है तू
तेरी ताक़त है तू
तेरी हिम्मत है तू
तेरी किस्मत है तू
तेरे हाथों में होनी झूमे
हाँ तेरे हाथों में होनी झूमे
तेरे पाँव को मंज़िल चूमे
तेरे पाँव को मंज़िल चूमे
तेरी आँखों में हरदम सवेरा
तेरी आँखों में हरदम सवेरा
सवेरा
सवेरा
सवेरा
सवेरा
सवेरा
सवेरा
तू तो सूरज से चमकी काया रे
तू तो सूरज से चमकी काया रे

जागो जवानो
जागो जवानो
नवयुग आया रे
नवयुग आया रे

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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 14700 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3700 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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