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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Songs of 1949’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4137 Post No. : 15296

Today’s song is from the film Maya Bazar-49.

There can not be a single person in India who does not know stories from Ramayan and Mahabharat. Whether the person is educated or uneducated, belonging to any religion or Caste, knows about these Epics. People other than Hindus, may not know much, but every Hindu knows Ramayan and Mahabharat stories.

We have heard and read various stories from these Epics, which were written several thousand years ago. The Mahabharat, which is approximately four times bigger than Ramayana has stories which are full of Adventure, Human qualities and Magic. These stories are more interesting than Ramayana stories, anyday.

The very fact that these Epics are age old, is also the cause of many newer stories getting added to the original ‘ Historical Document ‘ over several generations. Some highly imaginative and enterprising playwright of Yore created a new character in Mahabharat. This was supposed to be the daughter of Balram, the elder brother of Shri Krishna, and got her married to the son of Arjuna, in a very thrilling way. In the original epic, she is non-existent.

This first started in Maharashtra, where stage dramas were very popular. Different drama companies gave the imaginary daughter different names, to prove that their story was authentic. Thus two names- Surekha and Vatsala came into the stories for this fictitious character. Addition of Krishna and a Rakshas- Ghatotkach also added the required humour and magic. These dramas became very popular.

When Silent film era began, the then famous Maharashtra Film company of Kolhapur, belonging to Baburao Painter, made not one, but three silent films on this story. The first film was Vatsala Haran-1919, the second was Surekha-Abhimanyu alias Surekha Haran-1921 and the third film was Maya Bazar alias Vatsala Haran-1923.

The South was not to lag behind. They too staged dramas on this story, but the name of the daughter was changed to Sasirekha, to claim that their story was the original.The famous ” Surabhi Drama Troupe” of south made the play- one of the most crowd pulling popular show. In south a silent film on this story was made as ” Maya Bazar”-1925.

When the Talkie films started in 1931, in the very next year, film ” Maya Bazar”-32 was made by Sagar Movietone. Subsequently, movies on this title were made in 1949, 1958, 1971, and 1984 also. The south made a Talkie film Maya Bazar in 1936 with a title ‘ Sasirekha Parinay’, because Surekha/Vatsala was known as Sasirekha in south. However, one of the best ever films on this story was made by Vijay Vauhini Studios, Madras as ” Maya Bazar” in 1957 in Telugu and Tamil. The Kannada version- as dubbed film- came in 1958. This film was on Top in the list ” 100 greatest films made in India “, by CNN-IBN, for the period of 100 years-1913 to 2013. I have seen this wonderful film and enjoyed it thoroughly.

Our today’s film Maya Bazar-(Vatsala Haran)-49 was made by Manik Studios, Bombay. All songs of this film as well as the story and screenplay was done by Pt. Mukhram Sharma and the music was by Sudhir Phadke. The film was made Bilingual-in Hindi and Marathi. The cast was Durga Khote, Shahu Modak, Baby Shakuntala, Balakram, Kusum Deshpande and Vasant Thengadi ( they were Husband-wife pair in real life), Ganpatrao Bakre (one time a famous, popular and handsome Hero of silent films), Usha Marathe ( she changed her name to Usha Kiran and became famous in Hindi and Marathi films,later on), Master Chhotu etc.etc.

The film was directed by Datta Dharmadhikari. This was his first independent film as a director. Earlier he had joined Raja Nene for directing film Shadi se pehle-47. Datta Dharmadhikari was born on 2-12-1913 at Kolhapur in a lower middle class family. He studied up to Matriculation and started working in various film studios of Kolhapur. He first worked with Baburao pendharkar and then joined Prabhat. He learnt from almost every department of film making, except the Music department. He even acted a small role in film Sant Gyaneshwar -40, a bilingual in Marathi and Hindi. Having worked as an assistant director, he became joint Director with Raja Nene for film ‘Shadi se pehle ‘-47. Simultaneously, he directed some very successful films in Marathi.

He established his own production company “Alhad Chitra “. Alhad ( means joy ) was his son, who worked as a child artiste in all his films- Hindi and Marathi.Datta re-made some of his successful Marathi films in Hindi, like Nanhe Munne-52 ( Chimni Pakhare in Marathi), Mahatma-53 in 3 Languages- Marathi, Hindi and English and Suhagan-54 ( Suwasini in Marathi ).

When he produced film Mahatma-53 in Hindi and Marathi with an English version,he lost heavily and was forced to sell everything he had. Things were so bad that his wife had to cook Tiffins for people to run the house. However Datta came out of this all. He started accepting Directorial work from other producers, both in Marathi and Hindi. His last film was in 1982. Datta Dharmadhikari died on 30-12-1982.

He directed 21 Marathi and 11 Hindi films. His films in Hindi are Shadi se pehle-47, Maya Bazar-49, Nanhe Munne-52, Mahatma-53, Bhagyawan-53, Savdhan-54, Sudarshan Chakra-56, Deep jalta rahe-59, Subhadra Haran-64, Mujhe seene se lagaa lo-69 and last film Daulat ka Nasha-82. He gave break to a pair of Composers- Vasant-Ramchandra ( Vasant Pawar and Ramchandra Wadhavkar ) for 5 of his films in Hindi, but they could not get any work from other banners and their career in Hindi, as a pair, ended with these 5 films only.

The story of film Maya Bazar-49 was….

Subhadra (the sister of Balarama and Krishna) marries a Pandava- Arjuna. Their son Abhimanyu falls in love with Balarama’s daughter, Vatsala. The families consent to their marrying when they reach adulthood. When Abhimanyu and Vatsala have grown up, Krishna introduces them to each other. One day, the Pandavas are invited by Duryodhana, the eldest of the Kauravas to join in a game of dice. Duryodhana’s uncle, Shakuni, manipulates the results of the game, thereby costing the Pandavas their wealth, their liberty and their wife Draupadi. Duryodhana’s brother, Dushasana, attempts to disrobe Draupadi. He is seen by Krishna, who, furious, comes to her rescue.
On hearing what happened to the Pandavas, Balarama decides to teach the Kauravas a lesson and travels to their capital Hastinapuram. Shakuni and Duryodhana approach Balarama with an insincere respectful manner, then seek his approval of a marriage between Vatsala and Duryodhana’s son Lakshmana Kumara. Their true goal is to force Balarama and Krishna to support them if the Pandavas wage war. Unaware of their real intentions, Balarama agrees to the marriage.

Because of the ruined financial state of Pandavas, Balarama’s wife, Revati, refuses to honour her commitment to marry Vatsala and Abhimanyu and expresses her support for the alliance with the Kauravas. Krishna, who is aware of Duryodhana and Shakuni’s real intentions, orders his charioteer Daaruka to take Subhadra and Abhimanyu through the forests to Ghatotkacha’s hermitage.

Ghatotkacha, who happens to be Abhimanyu’s brother, at first thinks they are intruders in his forest and attacks them but later apologises for the misunderstanding. When Subhadra explains the change in the marriage arrangements, Ghatotkacha decides to wage war against both the Kauravas and Balarama. At the urging of his mother, Hidimbi, and Subhadra, Ghatotkacha abandons his plans and is advised instead to try some trickery in Dwaraka.

With the knowledge of Krishna and Vatsala’s servant, he carries the sleeping Vatsala in her bed from Dwaraka, and flies to his hermitage. Assuming Vatsala’s form, he returns to Dwaraka and, with the help of his assistants, wreaks havoc on her wedding to Lakshmana Kumara, preventing the marriage from being carried out.

With the help of assistants, Ghatotkacha creates a magical town consisting of an illusory marketplace and palace. He names the town Mayabazar and invites the Kauravas to stay there. Assistants introduce themselves to the Kauravas as servants appointed by Balarama to look after them. They manage to trick Shakuni’s lackeys. Ghatotkacha (in Vatsala’s form) makes Duryodhana’s wife rethink the marriage arrangement and teases Lakshmana Kumara. He plans the wedding of the real Vatsala and Abhimanyu in his hermitage which is attended by Krishna. Using his divine powers, Krishna also attends as a guest for the marriage taking place in the Mayabazar.

On the wedding day, Ghatotkacha appears before Lakshmana Kumara in various tantalising forms while, at the hermitage, Vatsala marries Abhimanyu. When Shakuni discovers what has really happened, he blames Krishna. Satyaki, Arjuna’s disciple, asks Shakuni to speak standing on a magical box. He proceeds to stand on the box, which makes him involuntarily explain the Kauravas’ real intentions behind the marriage proposal. Ghatotkacha then reveals his identity. After humiliating the Kauravas, Ghatotkacha sends them back to Hastinapur. Vatsala’s parents accept her marriage. They thank Ghatotkacha, who credits Krishna as the mastermind behind everything, including Abhimanyu and Vatsala’s marriage. ( just for information…. this Laxman Kumar is killed by Abhimanyu on the 13th day of the Mahabharat war).

Today’s song is a ‘Sales Pitch’ song- one of the earliest in its category. The singer is Sudhir Phadke, whose voice is so fresh. This was the first Hindi film, in which he sang a song. Same year he also sang in film Sant Janabai-49. That way, this is a rare song. Thanks to Sadanand kamath ji, who uploaded this song on my request.

(I also thank book “Silent Cinema” by Dr. R K Varma, baklol.com and The Hindu article of 30-4-2015 on this film, for information used herein.)


Song-Phatey puraane kapde phenko naye naye tum le lo (Maaya Baazaar)(1949) Singer- Sudhir Phadke, Lyrics- Pt Mukhram Sharma, MD- Sudhir Phadke

Lyrics

Ho o
Nagarvasiyon suno
dhyaan de kar suno
aisa swarn awsar phir kabhi haath na aayega
puraana do
naya lo
puraana
do naya lo

phate puraane kapde phenko
phate puraane kapde phenko
naye naye tum le lo
naye naye tum le lo
gaya samay phir haath na aaye
soch rahe kya le lo
soch rahe kya le lo
soch rahe kya le lo
makhmal pahno
resham pahno
mor mukut peetaambar pahno
maile chithhde phenko phenko o
maile chithhde phenko phenko
naye naye tum le lo
naye naye tum le lo
soch rahe kya le lo
aasmaani ?? chunariyaan
indrdhanush ki lagi chunariyaan
lagi chunariyaan
angiya mein hain chaand sitaare
aawo
le lo
le lo
aao le lo le lo
aao le lo le lo
soch rahe kya le lo
saadi le lo
hanse jawaani
hanse jawaani
hanse jawaani
phoohad pahne
bane sayaani
bane sayaani
bane sayaani
dhaani dhaani jaali waali
kaali peeli choli le lo
le lo
le lo le lo
aao le lo le lo
aao le lo le lo
soch rahe kya le lo
toote phoote bartan phenko
nakkaashi ke bartan dekho
toote phoote bartan phenko
nakkaashi ke bartan dekho
daan dharm ki lagin dukaanen
lagin dukaanen

daan dharm ki lagin dukaanen
lagin dukaanen
lagin dukaanen
muft maal hai le lo
muft maal hai le lo
soch rahe kya le lo
maanik moti heere pehno
ratan jadaau gehne pehno
maanik moti heere pehno
ratan jadaau gehne pehno
Laxmi ka bhandar khula hai
Laxmi ka bhandar khula hai
nagarwaasiyon aao le lo
nagarwaasiyon aao le lo
le lo le lo
le lo le lo
le lo le lo
le lo le lo
le lo le lo
le lo le lo
le lo le lo
le lo le lo
le lo le lo
le lo le lo
le lo le lo

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4129 Post No. : 15287

Today’s song is from a Musically Iconic film Bazaar-1949.

The film was made by Madhukar Pictures. It was based on a story by K.Amarnath, who also directed this film.The 16 songs of the film were written by Qamal Jalalabadi and the Music Director was Shyam Sundar- one of my favourite composers in Hindi.

1949 was the best year in the Golden Era of HFM. There were so many films offering evergreen, out of this world songs, that the audience did not know which film to see and which song to be heard. The sale of records registered a Record of Sales in 1949. 157 films were made in 1949. Barring the figure of 181 films in 1947 ( we know the reasons), 1949 produced the maximum films from 1931 to 1984 – a period of 50++ years. What’s more, almost every alternate film gave superb songs. Nearly every Music Director of Hindi films was present in 1949, with his film.

This was also a transition period, when older composers were giving way to newer ones. Additionally, the competition between Naushad and C Ramchandra for the Number One position was on its peak. Though CR is my favourite composer, during the period 47 to 49, it was all the way Naushad who was the undisputed Numero Uno as far as quality and number of hit films were concerned. Here is a chart…

composer Year Number of films Hit films
C Ramchandra 1947 8
1948 3
1949 7
Total 18 4
Naushad 1947 2
1948 3
1949 4
Total 9 8

In this period Naushad’s strike rate of Hit films was more than double, compared to C Ramchandra percentagewise.

The year 1949 had absolutely heavenly showers of Musical Films. Some of such films were Andaz, Badi Behan, Barsaat, Bazaar, Dulari, Jeet, Apna Desh, Chandni Raat, Chaar Din, Sunehre Din, Shayar, Dillagi, Ek thi ladki, Kaneez, Laadli, Lahore, Mahal, Namoona, Patanga etc etc. The year 1949 also witnessed the introduction of A and U Censor certificates, the establishment of Films Division, the start of Navketan productions of Anand brothers and few other landmarks in Hindi film industry.

The cast of bazaar -49 was Nigar Sultana, Shyam, Gope, Cuckoo, Badri prasad, Yakub etc etc. Shyam was a very handsome actor. However, just like Ashok kumar, he too was first rejected in the screen test by Bombay Talkies. In the case of Ashok kumar, this rejection was overruled by Himanshu Rai- owner of Bombay Talkies and he became a Hero immediately. In case of Shyam, he had to wait for some more time.

Sunder Shyam Chadda (20 February 1920 – 25 April 1951) was born in Sialkot, now in Pakistan on February 20, 1920. Shyam’s grand father was a village Patwari, while his father worked as a store keeper with the Indian medical Service. So the young Shyam had to keep moving with his father in different cantonment towns of Punjab. A graduate from the Punjab University Shyam had a great fascination for films right from early childhood. It was Shyam’s uncle, late Tarachand Chadha, a subedar with the British Army who convinced Shyam’s father to allow Shyam to join the film line. Shyam came to Poona and worked with Prabhat cinema and stayed in lane no-9 Prabhat road in Adhar Bungalow.
In 1941 Shyam was called for a screen test by Bombay Talkies but met with no success. Determined to work in films, he took up the job of assistant director to JK Nanda and appeared in a Punjabi picture from Lahore. Shyam’s first film was Mann ka meet-44. Saigal’s death in 1947 created a void in the film world which was soon filled up by one of the leading heroes of those times, Ashok Kumar. Shyam ruled the world of celluloid from 1948 and 1951, when he was killed in a tragic accident.

With super hits like Dillagi, Patanga, Kaneej, Samadhi, Man Ka Meet and Shabistan under his belt, Shyam had scaled dizzying heights of super stardom in his late 20s. He was a true achiever in every sense of the word.

After Dillagi, in which he stared opposite Suraiya, which was released in 1949, he shot to stardom with the popular song Tu Mera Chand Mai Teri Chandni, a rage in those days.( this song was sung by singer Shyam kumar and not by actor Shyam)

He married a Muslim, Mumtaz Qureshi (nickname “Taji”), with whom he had a daughter, Pakistani TV actress Sahira Kazmi, married to actor Rahat Kazmi, and a son named Shakir (born two months after his death), a psychiatrist based in UK. His wife migrated to Lahore, Pakistan, after his premature death in 1951, along with her elder sister, Zeb Qureshi, who was an actress in Bombay. Mumtaz later married a gentleman, Ansari after Shyam’s death.

He acted with Munawar Sulltana in many films like Kaneez and Majboor. A highly educated person, Shyam wrote an article for Blitz, a leading film magazine of those times on his favourite heroines. He was a close personal friend of Saadat Hasan Manto and was the inspiration of many of his stories. Even after partition, their bond of friendship endured.

He died after a nasty fall from horseback, at the young age of 30 when destiny snuffed the life out of this versatile actor. It was an ill-fated day when he was shooting for Filimistan’s Shabistan directed by Vibhuti Mitra at Ghodbunder road near Borivali when the reins of the horse slipped from Shyam’s hand. He was thrown off the horse and received major injuries on his head and was rushed to the Bombay Hospital where he succumbed to his wounds.

Fans from all over thronged to pay their respects to their loved hero at the Sonapur crematorium at the Bombay Kings road.

Even the BMC (Bombay Municipal Corporation) named the place where Shyam stayed in Chembur as Shyam Park. Though younger than Ashok Kumar , he played roles of the latter’s elder brother. After Ashok Kumar, Dilip Kumar, Raj Kapoor and Dev Anand , Shyam and Rehman are remembered most for their contribution to the field of Hindi cinema.

Shyam is incidentally survived by Younger brother, Harbans Chadha. Shyam was fond of his daughter Sahera but he did not live long to see his son, who was born a couple of month after his death. His son Shakir, who now lives in Pakistan with his mother Taji, who had migrated there after partition.

Filmography of Shyam’s films as a lead hero:

1948-Majboor,Shikayat,Bazaar,Chandani Raat,
1949- Char Din, Dada, Dillagi, Kaneez, Naach, Patanga, Raat Ki Rani,
1950- Choti Bhabiu, Meena Bazaar, Nirdosh, Samadhi, Sangeeta, Suraj Mukhi, Wafa , Kale Badal,
1951- Shabistan
Shyam acted in 24 films, in all.

There are many versions of how Shyam died during the shooting. However , here is the report from an eye witness, who was present there on that day and this happened before his eyes. The horse Shyam rode, was owned by him.

Jimmy Bharucha, one of the best Horse Trainers in India, had himself been trained in foreign countries. He had opened a Horse Training School in Poona. Yesteryear actor SHYAM was one of his earliest students. For all his films, Shyam used the same horse from Bharucha. Actor Shyam had died while doing a stunt for film Shabistan-51.

Whenever he talked about Shyam, Bharucha got emotional. The truth about Shyam’s death….

That fateful day, Shyam was in a very cheerful mood. He joked with other artists as usual. The film was SHABISTAN. He had to do a stunt scene on a horse. His double was kept ready. However Shyam insisted on doing that dangerous shot himself that day. The scene started and was also completed successfully. There was a round of applauding claps.

Shyam was getting down from the horse and suddenly,the horse started running. Shyam’s foot got stuck in the stirr-up and he was dragged some distance before people ran and stopped the horse. Shyam was unconscious. He was immediately taken to the hospital, but he died-with his make up and costume still on him ! ( from an article by Vasant Bhalekar in book ‘Ruperi Smaran Yatra’ by Prof. Subhash Savarkar and article ‘Anipals’ by Mala Doshi ).

Film Bazaar was released on 4-3-1949 at Excelsior Cinema in Bombay. The Film India magazine of May 1949 had published a review of this film. Once for a change, Baburao Patel had good words about a film and its music. The story of the film, as outlined in this review is this…

An impecunious poet, Parwana (Shyam), runs away from home in company with his pal Jagu (Gope) to join a theatrical company. On the way, they come across a gypsy camp and Jagu succeeds in picking up Koel (Cuckoo), a gypsy dancer, as his sweetheart. Parwana and Jagu soon cross swords with Khanna ( Yakub) of Khanna Theatres, whose main attraction is Bijli ( NIgar Sultana), a beautiful and temperamental dancer. Bijli is attracted by Parwana’s poetry and physique and we soon see Parwana, Jagu and Koel working in Khanna Theatres.
Parwana and Bijli begin to love each other and Khanna doesn’t like the look of things, being himself in love with Bijli. Things soon reach a show-down stage and Bijli walks out of Khanna Theatres arm-in-arm with Parwana and his stooges. The new team tries to start its own theatre business, but the love-stricken Khanna becomes vindictive and with his influence and money hounds them out from place to place till Parwana and Bijli are ruined and heartbroken. In a desperate attempt to save Parwana’s poetic soul, Bijli, sacrificing her love for him, compromises matters with Khanna, who helps to put Parwana on the stage once again. But, Parwana needs more than mere success to feel happy and very soon he returns heartbroken to his parental home, a sadder but wiser man.

Now Parwana dedicates himself to national service and we soon come to the climax, in which Khanna, realizing the intensity of Bijli’s love for Parwana, gracefully gives her up and all rush to a public meeting for their individual professions and confessions. Evidently, anyplace seems to be good enough for the Punjabis to vomit their love and a large crowd does not deter Bijli from vomiting her love for Parwana on a public platform. It ends well.

Film Bazaar was remade as ‘Naya Andaz-1956’ starring Kishore kumar and Meena kumari . This film also had excellent music by O P Nayyar. Interestingly, this film also was directed by same K.Amarnath only.

Film Bazaar-49 had 16 songs. 14 are already discussed here. Today’s song is the 15th song.( I am surprised how this song remained uncovered so long. May be my good luck !) . The only song now remains to be covered is ” Nazar se mil jayegi nazar”. HFGK is silent about its singer, but also has a note that this song was removed from the film. This song’s record number is also not given, leading to a guess that, may be this song, having been removed from film, was not made into a record. In that case, today’s song is the last song of this film to be covered. Worth thinking.


Song- Maang raha hai Hindustan Roti Kapda aur Makaan (Baazaar)(1949) Singer- Mohd. Rafi, Lyricist- Qamar Jalalabadi, MD- Shyamsunder
Chorus

Lyrics

watan ki raah mein jo moti lutaaye jaate hain aen
to motiyon se jawaahar banaaye jaate hain aen
tu dekh Dilli mein jaa kar samaadh Baapu ki
ke is pe phool nahin
dil chadhaaye jaate hain

maang raha hai Hindustan
Roti kapda aur makaan
Roti kapda
Roti kapda aur makaan
maang raha hai

millon mein jaao aur dekho
millon mein jaao aur dekho
kya hai Hindustan
dekh ke bangle mein raunaq
dekh ke bangle mein raunaq
mazdoor ka ghar veeraan aan
maang raha hai Hindustan
Roti kapda aur makaan
Roti kapda
Roti kapda aur makaan
maang raha hai

kheton mein jaao aur dekho
kya hai Hindustan
kheton mein jaao aur dekho
kya hai Hindustan
zameendaar ke bhare hain kothe
zameendaar ke bhare hain kothe
bhookhha mare kisaan
maang raha hai Hindustan
Roti kapda aur makaan
Roti kapda
Roti kapda aur makaan
maang raha hai

mehlon mein jaao aur dekho
mehlon mein jaao aur dekho
daawat ka saamaan
neeche raste par soya hai
neeche raste par soya hai
ik bhookha insaan aan
maang raha hai Hindustan
Roti kapda aur makaan
Roti kapda
Roti kapda aur makaan
maang raha hai

Hindustan ko aaj banaa den
aisa Hindustan
sab ko mile roti kapda
sab ko mile makaan


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4094 Post No. : 15238

Today’s song is from a film Rakhi-1949. This social film was made by Prakash Pictures,Bombay. It was directed by Dr. Shanti kumar ( he is different than the composer Shanti Kumar Desai). The 10 melodious songs were composed by the Melody-Magicians Husnlal-Bhagatram.

Most of us know that Husnlal and Bhagatram were the brothers of Pt. Amarnath- the eldest brother, who too was a well known, pre Independence music director. However, How many of us know that out of this pair, Bhagatram was the elder brother ? Have you anytime wondered why the younger brother’s name comes first in this pair ?

Normally, when a pair of brothers is referred, it is the elder brother’s name that comes first. For example, Ram-Laxman or Balram – Srikrishna or even Kalyanji – Anand ji, Jatin-Lalit or Anand-Milind. For many years, this matter was bothering me, but I could not find any justification for this unusual way of pairing. I was sure that there must be some story behind this.

Two years ago, the Blog “Songs of yore” published the second part of Husnlal-Bhagatram post on 11-8-2017, based on the interview of Dinesh Prabhakar, son of Husnlal and Ms. Nirmala Devi, wife of Husnlal. During her talk, Nirmala Devi explained the reasons for calling the pair as Husnlal-Bhagatram, inspite of Bhagatram being the elder one and more experienced of the two. Bhagatram had already given music, individually to 9 films, in the late 30s and early 40s, before the pair was formed. Her statement answered my long awaited query about the unusual name of the pair. Here is the related portion of her interview….

” The 90-year old Shrimati Nirmala Devi is an amazing lady. She still has a razor-sharp memory and superb knowledge of music and music personalities of that era. She gave me a lot of interesting information, not available elsewhere – for example, the reason why the younger brother Husnlal’s name comes first in the duo’s name. Her talk also revealed that other family commitments, too, in Delhi were contributory factors for their decline in the film music.

Shrimati Nirmala Devi speaks about her husband (late) Pt Husnlal

DD Kashyap, who was directing Chaand (1944) for Prabhat Films, wanted to engage Pt Amarnath based in Lahore, who was a towering figure in music. As he was heavily preoccupied, he strongly recommended his younger brother Pt Husnlal who was staying with him and assisting him in Lahore-based films of Pancholi and others, assuring Kashyap that Pt Husnlal was no less talented than him. Pt Amarnath was like a father-figure to his younger brothers, especially to Pt Husnlal. A music session was organized to demonstrate Pt Husnlal’s talent. Kashyap was highly impressed. When it was time for Pt Husnlal to proceed for Poona/Bombay, Pt Amarnath, out of concern for his kid-brother, suggested to Kashyap to also engage Pt Bhagatram with him. Kashyap expressed difficulty in arranging the payment for two as the contract was already made out. Pt Amarnath assured him that he should not bother about increasing the fee, but the two brothers must work together. (Thus it was that Bhagatram got appended to Husnlal, forming the duo HB. Another reason why the younger brother’s name preceded the elder brother was simply the aesthetics – Husnlal-Bhagatram sounding better than the other way around.) ”

Dr. Shantikumar directed the film Rakhi-49. No information is available about him anywhere. We only know that he directed 18 films. Starting with film Police-44, he ended his career with film Mahasati Behula-64.

The cast of the film was Kamini Kaushal (real name Uma Kashyap), Karan Dewan, Gope, Yashodhara Katju, Pran, Kuldip, Raj Adeeb (younger brother of Prem Adeeb), Ulhas etc. As time flows, Heroes become character artistes and then they fade out. There are hundreds of old time actors about whom absolutely no information is available. Intense search sometimes yields some results and one feels at peace with whatever is available. One such actor is Ulhas. For many years nothing was known about him except names of his films from HFGK. Over a period a little more about him came to light. Now we know that his real name was M.N.Kaul and that he was a Kashmiri Pandit. He worked in 155 films. Recently I found the following note on Ulhas in ‘ Chinar Shade’ Blog..

He was known as ULHAAS and his real name was M N Kaul. He belonged to a Kashmiri Pandit family from Ajmer. As a young boy, he moved to Poona in 1937 and joined Prabhat Pictures as an actor. His first movie as an actor was ” Wahan “. He worked with stalwarts like A R Kardar and Sohrab Modi.

Chandr Mohan Wattal , another Kashmiri actor of 1930s and 1940s helped him a lot to settle in films .In fact he intervened and requested V Shantaram for his role in “Wahan”. Ulhaas remained loyal to Chandr Mohan wattal for this favour till latter’s death in 1949.

When Bombay Talkies decided to start their New film BASANT, Ulhaas and Mumtaz Shanti were signed as lead pair. Again in the movie PARBAT PE APNAA DERA , he was signed as hero.

Thereafter , he started doing character roles. He played memorable character roles in Guide , Amar, Aadmi, ,Shama Parwana, Sehra, Ziddi, Goonj Uthhi Shehnaayi, Rani Roopmati, Dhaka Ki Malmal, Samrat Prithviraj Chauhan, Kundan, Heer, Mirza Ghalib ,Jhansi Ki Raani , Nai Umar Ki Nai Fasal, Sangharsh , Prem Pujaari, Badi Didi, Do Aaankhen Baarah Haath, Johar Mehmood in Goa.

In his 38 years of career, he acted in many hit movies. His last movie was Sawaal (1982).

We all know about Pran very well, so there is no point in giving his Bio-data here. Few days back I found an article on Pran on http://www.rediffmail.com. This article gave interesting points about Pran’s life, which normally are not known to most people. Here is an excerpt from this article, duly edited by me.
Pran’s full name is Pran Krishan Sikand. Pran wanted to be a photographer and even took up a job as an apprentice in A Das & Co, Delhi.

Pran’s first ever acting role was Sita to Madan Puri’s Ram in Shimla, at a local Ramlila.

Since Pran’s father was a civil contractor with the government, Pran studied at various schools in Kapurthala (Punjab), Unnao, Meerat and Rampur (Uttar Pradesh) and Dehradun (Uttarakhand).

Pran’s first film was in Punjabi called Yamla Jat (1940), where he played a villain. It was a huge hit.

Pran did not tell his father that he was shooting for a movie, as he thought his father would not permit him to have an acting career. When his first interview appeared in a newspaper, Pran asked his sisters to hide the papers. When his father finally learnt of his career, he was not upset as Pran had expected.

In one of his early films, Pran played hero to Noor Jehan in Khandaan (1942).

Pran came to Mumbai from Lahore on August 14, 1947, just a day before India’s Independence, with his wife and one-year-old son Arvind.

According to Pran, one of the most precious things he lost in the Partition was his dog. When Pran became popular, he would name his dogs Bullet, Whisky and Soda.

Before Pran came to Mumbai, he had already acted in 22 films as a villain. Due to the Partition, his career had a brief pause.

When Pran came to Mumbai, he stayed at the Taj Mahal hotel. As he had no work, money started running out, and the family had to shift to smaller and smaller hotels. Finally, they had to stay in a guest house.

After eight months of arriving in Mumbai, Pran — with the help of writer Saadat Hasan Manto and actor Shyam — got a role in Shaheed Latif’s Ziddi (1948), starring Dev Anand and Kamini Kaushal.

Ziddi was a hit. Within a week of its release, Pran signed three more films: S M Yusuf’s Grihasti, Prabhat Films’s Apradhi and Wali Mohammad Wali’s Putli.

BR Chopra’s Afsana (1951) was Pran’s first biggest hit after he shifted to Mumbai.

Pran had three children — Arvind, Sunil and Pinky — and five grandchildren.

Ashok Kumar and Pran were the best of friends and have acted in more than 25 films together, including Afsana, Victoria No 203, Chori Mera Kaam, Chor Ke Ghar Chor, Apna Khoon, Aap Ke Deewane, Raja Aur Rana, Inspector, Lakeeren, Mr X, Pooja Ke Phool, Purab Aur Pachhim, Adhikar, Naya Zamana and Aansoo Ban Gaye Phool.

Pran even played Valmiki in a mythological film called Luv-Kush.

When Pran was signed up for Halaku, Meena Kumari was quite upset but when she saw him in costume, and a few rushes from the film, she was very happy.

Pran would work on his make-up well. He would have an artist at home, who would sketch the kind of look he wanted. Then, his make-up man and wig-maker would work on it.

Pran acted in several Bengali films as well, including Joy Mukherjee’s Sonai Dighe, directed by Ashim Banerjee.

It was Pran who recommended Amitabh Bachchan to Prakash Mehra for Zanjeer, which had been offered to Dev Anand, Raaj Kumar and Dharmendra earlier.

Pran acted with Amitabh in 15 films like Zanjeer, Kasauti, Don, Amar Akbar Anthony, Majboor, Dostana, Naseeb, Kaalia and Sharaabi.

Not many know that Pran was paid more than Amitabh Bachchan. In the 1970s, only Rajesh Khannna was paid more than Pran. In the 1950s and 1960s, only Dilip Kumar, Dev Anand, Raj Kapoor and Rajendra Kumar were paid more than Pran.

Pran started rejecting film offers in the 1990s citing age-related problems. But when Amitabh was going through a rough patch in his career, he requested Pran to act in his film Mrityudaata and Tere Mere Sapne. Pran readily agreed.

During the filming of both Mrituyudata and Tere Mere Sapne, Pran’s legs used to tremble. So he shot most of the scenes in a seated position. After 2000, he made very few guest appearances in films.

Pran is a member of various social organisations, and even had his own football team called the Bombay Dynamos Football Club.
Pran’s favourite word ‘Barkhurdaar’ became immensely popular over the years.

In 2001, Pran got a Padma Bhushan, India’s third highest civilian award from the government of India.

Pran’s biography is titled …And Pran because in most of his movies, his name in the credits would appear last and read as …and Pran. Sometimes, it would be …above all Pran.

Film Rakhi was a typical ” Tear Jerker ” story of a spoiled brother and his sympathetic, protective sister. Shanti kumar was the most suitable director for such stories, as he handled emotional scenes perfectly, in his direction. The story of the film was…..

Shankar(Pran) is the brother of Kamini and is a vagabond.Because of him ,the sister suffers quite a lot, but ties a Rakhi always. Shankar is arrested for fraud and is in Police custody,when Karan Diwan -his sister’s husband is accused of Murder,which he has not done.Knowing this,Shankar runs away from lock up to get the real culprit and when he does,he is shot and dies in the arms of sister Kamini-who ties a Rakhi on his wrist as it is the Rakhi Poonam that day.Highly melodramatic indeed !

Today’s duet is the 4th song to be discussed here. It is sung by Shamshad Begum and Ram Kamlani . Ram Kamlani was Gope’s youngest brother. They were 9 siblings and Ram kamlani was the last one. He was born on 20-10-1919. Though Gope started his career in acting in 1933 and concentrated only on acting, Ram Kamlani dabbled in Acting, Direction, Production and Playback singing too. He entered the film line in late 40s.

As an actor he acted in 9 films like Ajeet, Inaam, Kaajal, Do Raaha, Joi Bangla Desh etc. As a Singer he sang 22 songs in 15 films. Starting with Doosri Shaadi-47, he sang in Ghar ki Izzat, Rangeen Zamaana, Kaajal, Refugee, Pyar ki jeet, Maa ka pyar, Naao, Raakhi, Bahurani, Khamosh Sipahi, Meena Bazar, Malkin, Chaalbaaz, Laal Dupatta etc.

Mostly, he sang for his brother Gope. His songs were generally duets. These were mainly comedy songs,very few were serious ones. His rare solos like,” Bane hai hum to Ghar Jamai'(Ghar ki izzat) and ” Koi samze isse muhabbat”(Meena Bazaar) became popular.

When Gope established Gope Productions, he produced some films and directed some of them,like, Muskurahat, Biradari, Bezuban, Khamosh Sipahi, Hangama etc.

Ram Kamlani died in 1983 in Bombay.

The song is very good to listen to. After all, it was composed by the Melody Magicians !


Song-Mohe laa de reshmi lehenga (Raakhi)(1949) Singers-Shamshad Begam, Ram Kamlani, Lyrics- Sarashar Sailani, MD- Husnlal Bhagatram
Both

Lyrics

mohe la de
ho mohe la de reshmi lehanga
mohe la de
ho mohe la de reshmi lehanga
chaahe sasta mile chaahe mahanga
ho chaahe sasta mile chaahe mahanga
waah ri meri nain michakko
bojh lehange ka kaise uthhaayegi
kaise uthhaayegi
tori patli kamar bal khaayegi
kamar bal khaayegi
tori patli kamar bal khaayegi
kamar bal khaayegi
main na laaunga
ho main na laaunga reshmi lehanga
main na laaunga
ho main na laaunga reshmi lehanga
chaahe sasta mile chaahe mahanga
chaahe sasta mile chaahe mahanga

ho phir laa de chunariya silki ee ee
ho phir laa de chunariya silki
toone baat kahi mere dil ki
ho toone baat kahi mere dil ki
par wo hai videshi mill ki
main na laaunga
main na laaunga chunariya silki

acchha suit sila de parachute ka
parachute ka
acchha suit sila de parachute ka
dil loot legi kisi rangroot ka
ho dil loot legi kisi rangroot ka

aji jaane bhi do chhodo ye bahaane
chhodo ye bahaane
gori sach main kahoon raam jaane
raam jaane, raam jaane, raam jaane

aji jaane bhi do chhodo ye bahaane
chhodo ye bahaane
gori sach main kahoon raam jaane
raam jaane, raam jaane, raam jaane raam jaane
achha to phir raam hi jaane
main to chali bareli
rooth chali mori nain michakko
chhod ke jaan akeli
kanghi le le sheesha le le
rooth naa meri jaan
kanghi le le sheesha le le
rooth naa meri jaan

bhaad mein jhonki kanghi shishe
baand mera saamaan
abe bhaad mein jhonki kanghi sheeshe
baand mera saamaan
main to maike chali
gham le ke chali
main to maike chali
gham le ke chali
duniya waalon
duniya waalon
duniya waalon
duniya waalon
dekho mere ghar ki baat niraali
sabka sheesh jhuke mere aage
par na jhuke gharwaali
gori maike na ja
dukh de ke na ja
gori mayke na ja
dukh de ke na ja
tohe la doonga
ho tohe laa dunga reshami lehanga
tohe la doonga
ho tohe laa doonga reshami lehanga

chaahe sasta mile chaahe mahanga
ho chaahe sasta mile chaahe mahanga


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4071 Post No. : 15208

Today’s song is from film Sant Janabai-49.

This was a film made by Prabhat Film Company, Poona. It was produced by S.(Saheb mama) Fattelal and it was directed by a Noted Marathi Director- Goving Ghanekar, who also directed one more Hindi film Shiv Leela-52. Both the films were Bilingual,made in Hindi and Marathi. The lyrics for the Hindi version were written by Pt.Narendra Sharma and the music was composed by Sudhir Phadke. The story of the film and the screenplay was by G.D.Madgulkar – a very famous Marathi writer and poet from Maharashtra. The cast of the film was Hansa Wadkar, Shakuntala, Ganesh Abhyankar, Gauri, Balakram, Javdekar, Kumar Ashok etc.

During the period 30s to mid 40s, Indian Film Industry was dominated by film production giants like New Theatres, Bombay Talkies, Ranjit, Prabhat and Wadia. Films were sold and seen just on the name of the film company. Diverse subjects were handled by these film makers and they contributed to maintaining Indian culture and traditions. This was the period when films with a message were made. Actors and directors had not yet become rule-makers. The studio system had a discipline.

However, after the second world war,lot of money came into the film line and slowly the priorities and values changed. Profits from the films became the major issue and this diverted most producers to make what they thought the audience wanted.The capable and talented film makers separated from their present organisations to have their own set ups. Actors no more stuck to any specific studio and ‘Free-lancing’ became the password. This also prompted the collapse of the studios. New Theatres, Bombay Talkies, Ranjit, Wadia and Prabhat not only split but also closed down, over a period, due to their own reasons.

Prabhat was no exception. It is popularly believed that when Shantaram left Prabhat, that was the point of its disintegration,but it is actually not so. Prabhat shifted from kolhapur to Poona in 1933 and that time all the Five partners had made a rule that in future, if any director/partner falls in love or has an affair with any of the staff members, he will have to leave Prabhat. ( This was initiated, because the Art Director Saheb mama Fattelal had married Gulab aka kamla Devi,an actress of Prabhat, in 1931.She is the same girl who bends backwards and blows the Tutari or Trombone, in Prabhat’s famous Logo) Under this rule, the first to go was Keshavrao Dhaiber, who fell in love with the heroine Nalini Tarkhad and married her in 1937. After his exit, in his place, Prabhat’s long time distributor Baburao Pai was appointed a Partner/Director.

V. Shantaram married Heroine Jaishree (Kamulkar) on 22-10-1941.He was continuously prodded to leave Prabhat. Finally he left and founded his own Rajkamal Kala Mandir. One more director V.Damle died in 1945. Prabhat started crumbling and after its last film Sant Janabai-1949, it stopped production. The studio and the properties were auctioned in 1952, and the company was officially closed on 13-10-1953.

Prabhat had made many films on Marathi saints like Sant Sakhu, Sant Tukaram, Sant Dnyaneshwar, Maya Machhindra, Dharmatma etc .Maharashtra had a rich tradition of Saints. During the period 13th Century to 17th Century, many saints guided the people of Maharashtra. Most saints of Maharashtra were from lower Castes, but they had followers in every section of the society, including Brahmins. There were saints like Namdev-Tailor, Tukaram-Vaishya, Pundalik-Varkari, Goroba-Potter, Janabai-Shudra, Kanhopatra- S.C., Sant Sena- Barber, Savata mali and Chokha Mela – Gardeners, Narhari-Goldsmith and many such more.

Almost every saint film brought in lot of profits to Prabhat. The most famous one was of course Sant Tukaram (Marathi)-1936, which brought money and fame. This film is taught in many Film courses all over the world even today.Its Hindi version came in 1948. No wonder the Prabhat chapter closed with a saint film- Sant Janabai-49.

The story of Janabai is intertwined with the story of Namdev, because Namdev had given her shelter in his home. So, Prabhat first wanted to make this film as a Sant Namdev film. Prabhat’s in house writer Shivram Vashikar wrote the story and Vasant painter was to direct the film. But the plan changed and film on Janabai’s name was decided. Now, G.D.Madgulkar, eminent writer and Poet of Marathi wrote the story. The director was also changed. Govind Ghanekar was the production chief in Prabhat. He was named as the director.Later, he directed and produced many famous and hit Marathi films in 50s and 60s. Earlier actor Ganesh Abhyankar aka Vivek was to become Namdev. In this film also he was retained as Namdev. This actor Vivek, in later years, became one of the most successful actors on Marathi screen. Films used to be sold on his name alone.

While shooting this film, there was a very touching but interesting incident. The last scene of the film Sant Janabai-49 was that Janabai is taken to the Gallows to be hanged on a false accusation of stealing gold ornaments of Lord Vitthal. The shooting was being done in a village near Kolhapur. The big procession of people was going with the handcuffed Janabai in the centre, chanting Vithal Vithal.The people also chanted and some were weeping and falling on her feet (for shooting purpose only). The villagers had gathered in huge numbers, to see the shooting.Many of them thought that this was all real. They too wept and fell on Janabai’s feet. The studio workers had a tough time to remove and restrain them during the shooting.

One name in the cast is that of Gauri. Her real name was Tanibai Dawari. In this film she played Namdev’s mother. She was with Prabhat since its inception and did small roles in silent films. She was totally illiterate and could not read or write. After the advent of the Talkie films, she continued doing small roles in Prabhat films. When film Sant Tukaram was being conceived, Shantaram started searching for an actress to do the role of Tukaram’s wife-Avali…who loved Tukaram but was sort of a shrew because she felt Vithoba bhakti was spoiling Tukaram. Suddenly Shantaram saw Gauri and he called her. Giving a copy of the script to her, he said,” you are selected to do the role of Avali. Now read the dialogues and be prepared.”

Gauri was stunned. She did not know how to react. She could not read. She was sure that now she will be exposed and removed from service, as Prabhat did not employ illiterate people. This was their rule for employment. She took the script and went out of the room. Music Director Keshavrao Bhole found her in a corner, weeping. When he enquired repeatedly, Gauri explained everything frankly. Bhole pacified her and said, ‘ Dont worry ‘. From that day onwards he taught Gauri reading and writing for 8 hours a day for 15 days. Being a sharp student Gauri picked it up very quickly, as it was a Do or Die status for her.

Her role in film Sant Tukaram was lauded by one and all. It was praised even in Venice festival. Prabhat gave her a special award also. Gauri continued with Prabhat till it was making films. Then she retired from films and settled in Poona, doing some household jobs for survival. Unfortunately the Panshet flood debacle in Poona in 1961, washed out everything she had. She returned to her hometown,Kagal,near Kolhapur. In 1964,a film on Tukaram ” Tuka zalase kalas” in Marathi was launched. Sulochana Latkar was to do the role of Tukaram’s wife, Avali. She wanted to take blessings from Gauri-the original Avali. Sulochana went to Kagal and took her blessings. She gave her a Sari and some money too. Soon after this, Gauri aka Tanibai Dawari died.

In spite of good direction, acting and good music by Sudhir Phadke, the film could not escape being the last stone on the samadhi of Prabhat and a Golden Chapter of Hindi cinema came to a close.

The Music Director Sudhir Phadke may not have been a notable composer in Hindi films,but he was a big gun in Marathi cinema. Sudhir Phadke ( July 25, 1919 – July 29, 2002) was an accomplished Marathi singer-composer. He was regarded as an icon of the Marathi film industry and Marathi Sugam Sangeet i.e. Bhavgeet (light music) for five decades. Apart from Marathi, Phadke sang and composed songs in several Hindi films as well. Phadke was affectionately known as Babuji (an honorary title given to respected gentlemen in India).

Sudhir Phadke was born in Kolhapur on July 25, 1919. His birth name was Ram Phadke, but he later changed his name to ‘Sudhir’ when he composed a song for HMV because he thought ‘Sudhir Phadke’ sounded more ‘weighty’. Phadke acquired his primary tutelage in vocal classical music from the late Vamanrao Padhye in Kolhapur. After beginning his career with HMV in 1941, he joined the Prabhat Film Company as music director in 1946. During his long career, he composed for many Marathi and Hindi films. He was also an immaculate playback singer. Phadke married his fellow singer Lalita Deulkar. Their son Shridhar Phadke (born 1951) is also a composer and singer.

Geet Ramayana, based on poet G D Madgulkar’s verses, is one of Phadke’s most popular works. The programme ran on All India Radio for a year, 1954-55. Stage performances of the program continue to draw huge crowds even today. Phadke set to music all 56 songs, and they were sung by different singers for radio (Manik Verma, Lata Mangeshkar, Phadke himself, Vasantrao Deshpande etc). All 56 songs were also recorded in Phadke’s own voice.
In last days of his life, Phadke was involved in producing a Hindi film on the life of the Indian freedom fighter Vinayak Damodar Savarkar. The movie Veer Savarkar was funded by public donations. Sudhir Phadke last sang and composed music for this movie.
Phadke was connected with Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh for over 60 years. He was the main inspiration and founder member of India Heritage Foundation in the United States.

Sudhir Phadke gave music to 19 Hindi films from 1946 (Rukmini Swayamvar) to 1972 (Daraar). His famous film is Pehli Tarikh -54, in which he had composed the famous Kishore Kumar song- Din hai suhana aaj pehli tarikh hai. He also sang 14 songs in 9 Hindi films. A noteworthy fact about Sudhir Phadke is that during his peak period in Marathi films, he created a World Record. He teamed up with writer/poet G.D.Madgulkar (गदिमा , as he was known fondly in Maharashtra) and director Raja Paranjape. Together, as a team, they gave a total of 11 Hit films,in a row in 18 years- from 1948 to 1966 … a record for a Team.

The story of film Sant Janabai-49, adapted from aumamen.com is…

Jana, a little girl whose mother before dying told her to go to Pandharpur where she will be protected by Lord Vitthal, A merchant who is the father of Sant Namdev accidentally steps on Jana’s hand and asks for her forgiveness. He asks what she was doing in the temple alone, she tells him her story, being a good devotee of Vitthal he adopts her.

Little Namdev likes her from the instant he sees her and accepts her as his elder sister with joy. But the mother of Namdev wasn’t too happy with another person being in the family, but later she too melts to the love and simplicity of the little girl who would become a great saint as we know today.

Jana was assigned the work of washing the clothes by Namdev’s mother. Jana and Namdev hear a group of pilgrims singing in praise of Lord Vitthal and they start singing and dancing. Children in the group who are very thirsty run to Janabai to beg for water from her. “There are many wells in the village, go get your own water” says Namdev. “But we are outcastes, nobody gives us water” says the one of the pilgrims.

Janabai pours them water from her pot, the satisfied devotees bless her for giving them water to drink. She gets scolded and beaten by Namdev’s mother for her act of charity towards the outcastes, which was considered a terrible thing during those times.

Namdev being a very devotional man, always sings and dances and forgets the duties of an householder. Janabai works hard for the food of Namdev’s family (wife and two children). Janabai prays to Vitthal for the food, when Vitthal gives her food she only takes what she needed for a day or two.

Namdev had a big debt to be settled, but he was on a pilgrimage to North India. the wealthy man who had lent him money decides to take Namdev’s property into possession. Jana pleads with him and agrees that she would pay all the money back. Jana works night and day to gather the money she needed.

One night she was very tired and falls asleep while working, but when she wakes up she sees a blanket on her and also sees that the work has been finished. Next night she pretends to be sleeping so that she could catch the person who did it. As soon as she sleeps she sees Lord Vitthal appear and do her work for her.

She catches him while working, from then on Lord Vitthal helps her in her work, he sings for her. He fetches water for her and does many things around

One day Lord Vitthal feels very tired, seeing that Jana puts him to sleep. In the morning when he wakes up, he walks back to the temple with the blanket around his body, his ornament falls from his neck and falls on the floor of Janabai’s house.

In the morning when priests see the statue of Lord Vitthal they come to the conclusion that somebody must have stolen the ornament of Lord. They see a blanket nearby and assume it must belong to the thief. They start questioning everyone to find out to whom that belonged.

Janabai tells them that it belonged to her, priests search her house and when they find the ornament they accuse her of the theft, she tells them that the Lord was sleeping in her house yesterday and he must have left the ornament. People laugh at her, and thinking of her to be a liar, they decide to hang her to death.

They march her on streets, and just before the time to kill her, she prays to Lord Vitthal and he appears.

(Information from book “Santpatanchi Santwani” ( संतपटांची संतवाणी )by Isak Mujawar, sites last.fm, MuVyz,wiki, HFGK and my notes has been used herein, with thanks.)


Song-Ram ras barse re bhai (Sant Janabai)( 1949) Singer-Unknown male voice, Lyrics-Pt Narendra Sharma, MD-Sudhir Phadke
Chorus

Lyrics

Ram ras barse
Ram ras barse
Ram ras barse re bhai
Ram ras barse re bhai

daaku bhi harinaam kare
kyun tarse re bhai
arre kyun tarse se bhai
Ram ras barse
Ram ras barse
Ram ras barse re bhai
Ram ras barse re bhai

nirbal ke bal Ram hamaare
garveele Ravan maare
ho garveele Ravan maare
gautam naari shilaa bechaari
charanan se Raghav taare
charanan se Raghav taare
khaaye jhoothe ber
ho khaaye jhoothhe ber
shabar ke kar se re bhai
shabar ke kar se re bhai
Ram ras barse
Ram ras barse
Ram ras barse re bhai
Ram ras barse re bhai

??
dhanush tod jeeti seeta
ho dhanush tod jeeti seeta
mohan ko ye ardh na roye
hari ne rach daayi geeta
hari ne rach daayi geeta
chamke chakr sudarshan
manuwa harshe re bhai
o manuwa harshe re bhai
Ram ras barse
Ram ras barse
Ram ras barse re bhai
Ram ras barse re bhai

soory vansh jab ??
ho ho ho ho
soory vansh jab ??
gwaal baal ke sang khela
ho gwaal baal ke sang khela

pandurang peetaambhar dhaari
pandharpur prabhu ka mela
pandharpur prabhu ka mela
mukh se bolo Ram
ho
mukh se bolo Ram
kaho to ham sab se bhai
kaho to ham sab se bhai
Ram ras barse
Ram ras barse
Ram ras barse re bhai
Ram ras barse re bhai
Ram wahi jo ghat ghat ramta re ae
Ram wahi jo ghat ghat ramta
?? ko ek hari
?? ko ek hari
Ram Shyam mein sab Narayan
peer deen ki door kare
peer deen ki door kare

jaise man ke saath
ho jaise man ke saath
jaise hari darse re bhai
jaise hari darse re bhai
Ram ras barse
Ram ras barse
Ram ras barse re bhai
Ram ras barse re bhai

daaku bhi hari naam kare kyun
tarse re bhai
arre kyun tarse re bhai
Ram ras barse
Ram ras barse
Ram ras barse re bhai
Ram ras barse re bhai

jai jai vitthal
jai hari vitthal
jai jai vitthal
jai hari vitthal
jai jai vitthal
jai hari vitthal
jai jai vitthal
jai hari vitthal
jai jai vitthal
jai hari vitthal
hari sharnam


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4062 Post No. : 15195

“Jal Tarang”(1949) was directed by Rajendra Sharma for Kuldeep Pictures Limited, Bombay. This “social” movie had Geeta Baali, Rehman, Ram Singh, Rajan Haksar, Ramesh Thakur, Shashikala, Kesari, Pesi Patel, Shyama, Sevak, Uma Dutt, Tiger (dog) etc in it.

The ovie had nine songs in it that were penned by six lyricists. Four of these songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the fifth song from “Jal Tarang”(1949) to appear in the blog. The song is a sung by Rafi and Shamshad Begam for most part and then one unknown male voice sings a line in the last stanza. So, what was sounding like a duet becomes a non duet. I request our knowledgeable readers to help identify this unknown male voice. My guess is that it could be Husnlal or Bhagatram, one of the music director duo.

Pt Sudarshan is the lyricist. This was the only song penned by him in this movie. Music is composed by Husnlal Bhagatram.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Musaafir sada geet gaaye chala chal (Jal Tarang)(1949) Singers-Rafi, Shamshad Begam, Unknown male voice, Lyrics-Pt Sudarshan, MD-Husnlal Bhagatram
Both

Lyrics

musaafir sada geet gaaye chala chal
gaaye chala chal
gaaye chala chal

chala chal
chala chal
safar ki kahaani sunaaye chala chal
sunaaye chala chal
sunaaye chala chal

chala chal
chala chal

kahin ban ke rahmat ka baadal baras ja aa aa
kahin ban ke rahmat ka baadal baras jaa
kahin dil pe bijli giraaye chala chal
kahin dil pe bijli giraaye chala chal
giraaye chalaa chal
musaafir sada geet gaaye chala chal
gaaye chala chal
gaaye chala chal

chala chal
chala chal

rukaawat ke patthar hataaye chala chal l
rukaawat ke patthar
hataaye chala chal
dhuyen aasmaan ke udaaye chala chal
dhuyen aasmaan ke udaaye chalaa chal
udaaye chala chal
musaafir sada geet gaaye chala chal
gaaye chala chal
gaaye chala chal

chala chal
chala chal

tu duniya mein apna sabhi kuchh luta kar r
tu duniya mein apna sabhi kuchh lutaa kar
tu duniya ko apna banaaye chala chal
tu duniya ko apna banaaye chala chal
banaaye chala chal
musaafir sada geet gaaye chala chal
gaaye chala chal
gaaye chala chal

chala chal
chala chal

suna kar hamen chaar sukh dukh ki baaten
suna kar hamen chaar sukh dukh ki baaten
rulaaye chala chal hansaaye chala chal
rulaaye chala chal
hansaaye chalaa chal
hansaaye chala chal
musaafir sada geet gaaye chala chal
gaaye chala chal
gaaye chala chal

chala chal
chala chal


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4032 Post No. : 15153

Today’s song is from film Zevarat-49.

” studio system ” as it is called, began as soon as silent films got established and were on fast track. Well established studios made films regularly and systematically. Each and every studio/ production house had a set of its own actors, directors and MDs. They were on a monthly pay roll. From the 1920 onwards, all major studios like Imperial, Kohinoor, Sharda, krishna, Saraswati, Paramount, Aurora, Barua, Aryan,British Dominion, Great Eastern, Laxmi pictures, Madan Theatres, Maharashtra film company, Prabhat, Ranjit, Saroj etc had their actors on pay roll. Studios were jealous about their stars and always ensured that they don’t leave them.

The contract system came into being legally. Each studio had a contract individually with actors and there was a legal binding on them to follow the contract in its period. Generally the contracts were highly partial to the owners. From the 30’s, with the dawn of Talkie films, most silent film makers wound up business and the real players with sound financial base and name remained. Some of the major filmmakers were, Wadia, Bombay Talkies, New Theatres, Prabhat, Imperial, Ranjit, Sagar, Shalimar, Pancholi, Prakash, Minerva, Gemini, Vauhini etc etc. They tightened their contract clauses to ensure that their stars don’t leave them unilaterally.

The 40’s saw some splinter groups setting up their own studios like Filmistan, Kardar, Navketan, Mehboob, Rajkamal, Basant etc, in addition to the existing ones. The competition to hold on to their flock became acute and in this attempt, some studio owners crossed limits of decency and took undue advantage of the contract clauses or the ignorance / carelessness of the stars, while signing the contracts.

First case of such unfair action of the studios occurred, when the First Talkie of India was to be made by Imperial Film co. Ardeshir Irani was keen to take Master Vithal as a Hero for ‘ Alam Ara ‘.However Vithal was on contract with Sharda film co. Irani made a very lucrative offer to Vithal. When only 2 days were remaining of the contract period,Master Vithal joined Imperial. Nanabhai Desai of Sharda Films was furious. He kidnapped Vithal and kept him in a locked room, forcing him to renew the contract. When Irani came to know this, he sought help from the court. The case was fought and Master Vithal was auctioned in the court. Sharda and Imperial bid sums for him.Finally Imperial offered 1200 Rupees per month to Vithal and Vithal joined them, as Sharda backed out.

Some big banners like Minerva, V.Shantaram’s Prabhat and Shalimar Pictures of Poona had instances of trying to take undue advantage of the contracts with stars. Sitara Kanpuri, an illiterate singer was on contract with Shalimar Pictures of W.Z.Ahmed.She was however, not told then that the contract was for 5 years.Her singing career in films was ruined as in 5 years, Shalimar made only 3-4 films, in which she sang. Luckily, after Partition,Ahmed and his wife Neena migrated to Pakistan and Sitara Kanpuri was free to sing openly. But by that time she did not get much opportunity and soon she disappeared from the industry.

Similarly Shantaram also tried to play with Shanta Apte. Shanta Apte was under contract with the Prabhat studios with which she had made several memorable films. But as her fame spread far and wide and more and more producers wanted her to act in their films, Shanta Apte realized that the contract with the Prabhat company was acting as a hurdle to her free lancing. She requested the film company to free her from the bondage of the contract, But the company would just not agree, Finally she offered Satyagraha outside the film company. Prabhat were thus forced to relieve her of her contractual obligations. Shanta Apte thereafter became a free bird.

The worst such case was of Meena Shorey ( she was not Shorey in that period), Heroine of today’s film Zevarat-49. Meena Shorey ( real name Khursheed Jahan) was from a very poor family.Originally from Multan,her family shifted to Lahore. She was one of the 5 children. She was the third. Her father was short tempered and used to beat her mother often. At the age of 11 yrs. she saw film Achut Kanya and few other films,which developed a desire to join films. Her mother left her husband and shifted to Bombay with 3 children. In Bombay the eldest daughter lived after her marriage. Meena was around 14-15 year old then. One day,her brother in law took her to the Muhurat of film Sikander in Minerva studios.

For going to this function, Meena had borrowed good clothes from her friend, who also did her make up. Meena was looking very beautiful and ravishing. During the function,Sohrab modi was impressed with her looks and offered her a role in film Sikandar. Initially her mother was not ready, but due to need and convincing by Meena, she agreed.Next day Meena and mother went to the studio. Both were illiterate. A contract for 3 years was made for working only in Minerva films and her mother put her thumb on the contract, as Meena was a minor. After consulting ” Zend Awastha” the Parsee religious book, Modi changed her name to Meena. She was to get Rs. 600 pm as a salary.

With regular income,her financial position improved. She did films after films in Minerva. Sikandar-41, Phir milenge-42, Prithvi Vallabh-43 and Patharon ke saudagar-44, all films were hit. Her name and fame spread wide. Many producers wanted to sign her in their films. After Patharon ke saudagar, her contract period of 3 years was to be over. Mehboob wanted her for film Humayun and K B Lall wanted her for film Lal Haveli. When she went to Modi and asked her to release her from the contract, he informed her that as she failed to give a notice 3 months in advance, the contract got automatically renewed for next 3 years, as per a clause in original contract. She was never informed about this earlier.Being illiterate, she could not read it also. Even after the visit of Mehboob to Modi, Modi was adamant not to release her.

The matter went to court. In the court she made a deal with him that she will work for Minerva for one more year on the same salary as 600 pm, will not work in any other studio and he will release her after that. The case was withdrawn. By that time Meena had married Al Nasir. She left for Lahore with Nasir to avoid working in Minerva, and also did not take any salary. After one year in Lahore, she did films for Pancholi, like ‘ Shehar se door’ and ‘ Arsi’. Her fame was already bringing many new films to her. When the film ‘ Shehar se door’ was about to be released, Pancholi got a legal notice from Modi for a compensation of Rs. 3 Lakhs for breaching his contract with Meena. Everyone was panicky. Meena went to Bombay with Pancholi’s Manager and met Modi. She begged him not to give her troubles, but as a compensation,Modi asked for Rs.60 thousand cash. Meena was stunned.Finally Mehtab, Modi’s wife intervened on her behalf and Modi came down to Rs. 30 thousand. Meena paid him the money and got rid of him finally.

Later on, Meena said,” This was the true character of Modi, who is revered as Deity of Indian Cinema. Actually his popular perception was an illusion. The reality was that he took every opportunity to cheat and take advantage of situation to make money.” C. Ramchandra has also narrated an incident about Modi, how he took advantage of his helpless situation, when in 1936 to 1938, CR worked in Minerva. Like any other industry, Film industry too had such people.

Today’s song is from film Zevarat-49.The film was made by Habeeb productions. The director and Lyricist was Habeeb Sarhadi. The MD was the Melody Master Hansraj Behl. The cast of the film is given as Meena, Masood, Yaqub, Jayant, and Shanta Kunwar. There were 10 songs sung by a variety of singers like Lata, Rafi, Geeta, Hameeda, and Shanta Kunwar. Today’s song is sung by Geeta Roy. Her voice sounds so fresh and slightly different than what it became later. In this song, I feel she tried to copy the Shamshad style. It is a very good song. I am sure you will like it.

(Adapted information from book Cinerang by Isak Mujawar and interview of Meena Shorey in Yeh un dinon ki baat hai by Yasir Abbasi has been used, with thanks, in this post along with my own notes.)


Song- Ye kaun mere ghar aaye (Zevraat)(1949) Singer- Geeta Dutt, Lyrics- Habib Sarhadi, MD- Hansraj Behl

Lyrics

yeh kaun mere ghar aaye
mere ghar aaye
yeh kaun mere ghar aaye
yeh kaun mere ghar aaye
mere ghar aaye
yeh kaun
yeh kaun mere ghar aaye

yeh roop nagar ka taara
yeh sundar mohan pyaara
yeh sundar mohan pyaara
aasha ke
aasha ke deep jalaaye
ho deep jalaaye
yeh kaun
yeh kaun mere ghar aaye

aakash mein jin ko naa paayen
dharti pe wo mil jaayen
dharti pe wo mil jaayen
dil aisa
dil aisa muqaddar paaye
muqaddar paaye
yeh kaun
yeh kaun mere ghar aaye

dil raha ??
khushiyon ke taraane gaale
khushiyon ke taraane gaale
taqdeer ne
taqdeer ne din yeh dikhaaye
ho din yeh dikhaaye
yeh kaun
yeh kaun mere ghar aaye

dil unki balaayen lena
aankhon aankhon mein kehna
aankhon aankhon mein kehna
mohe tujh bin
mohe tujh bin chain naa aaye
ho chain naa aaye
yeh kaun
yeh kaun mere ghar aaye
yeh kaun mere ghar aaye
mere ghar aaye
yeh kaun mere ghar aaye


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4027 Post No. : 15140 Movie Count :

4158

Today’s song is from a film Jeete Raho-49- a C grade action and stunt film.

” In every real man, a child is hidden that wants to play “- said German Philosopher Fredrick Nietzsche. As a child, one enjoys stories of valour, magic, superpowers and adventures. As an adult, the taste changes but what is etched in the core of mind, remains. That is why, when you see children playing Cricket or Football, you feel like trying your hand. When you see a Policeman catching s thief valiantly, you clap with glee. When you are alone you get lost in day dreaming. So on and so forth….

A normal man wishes to do superhuman feats. For some daring act, the public cheers him. Film makers took advantage of this human nature and made films about Men and Women having Super natural powers-without Magic – audience loved it and action/stunt films got established here. To attract audience, the Silent film makers made most films incorporating dare devil acts, fights, fencing, horse riding,high jumping and such other feats which kept the audience glued to their seats spell bound.

In the beginning,Talkie films were made on traditional stories like Folk lore, Mythology, History etc. But as the films matured, the action and stunt films prospered again. Except Prabhat and New Theatres, almost every other film studio made C grade action films. Producers like Wadia, Mohan pictures, Paramount, Imperial and others specialised in stunt films. In those days,a stunt film was made in less than a Lakh rupees, hence many independent producers and smaller companies preferred such action films.

From the Title of the film itself, one knew that it was an action or stunt film of C grade. Titles were also very comic, different and pseudo-fearful like….Aage maut peechhe maut, Bhagta Bhoot, Bhatkati Maina, Juwe ka Nateeja, Khooni Khanzar, Dagabaj Doctor, Shaitaan ka paash, Char chakram, Daku Rani Talwarwali, Jaadu ka dandaa, Zinda Laash, Revolver Rani, Sindbad-Alladin-Alibaba, Flying man, Fighter Sheela, Khooni Darinda, Tarzan aur Jadugar, Tarzan aur Jadui Chiraag, Golden Gang, Murde ki jaan khatare mein, or Jadui putli etc etc.

The director and actors were fixed for almost every production house. Major stars like Fearless Nadia, Yeshwant Dave, Kamran, Nazi, Prakash, Khaleel,Shankar rao Vazre, Navin Yagnik etc were with well known banners. The occasional and small time filmmakers employed one of the main stars and the rest actors were taken from regular stunt film actors like…Bajar battu, Phoolkumari, maruti pehelwan, Batata, Mithoo Miyan, Fatty prasad, Boken chattu, Minu the Mystic, Manchi Tuthi, Gareeb raja, Kurbaan jaoon, Pandit dukhi, Vilayatu, Loveji Lavangiya, Adam sandow, Sandow safar, Dunlop,Chic chak and a very strange name CHEMIST ! This name is found in 5-6 films.

Master Bhagwan, who is known today to most people as a Comedian, was,believe it, a bodybuilder and an action film actor and director.He became a director with film Bahadur Kisan-38, followed by The criminal-39 and Sukhi Jeevan-42 (in between,he went to Madras and directed 2 Tamil films.) The Hindi films were made by Chandra films owned by Kadam brothers-Harischandra Rao and Chandra Rao.

Sukhi Jeevan-42 was made by Harischandra Rao kadam.(This was C.Ramchandra’s first Hindi film as an M.D.). The contract with Bhagwan was that besides the pay for directing the film(Rs.3000), Bhagwan was promissed 20% of profits from the film’s earnings. However, though the film made good profits, Kadam declined to give Bhagwan anything, saying that there was no enough profit. Bhagwan was furious but could not do anything.He decided to take revenge of this cheating. By now,Bhagwan had realised that the time had come to start his own production house.

Bhagwan started his Jagriti pictures and started his first production with the film title “Badla” (revenge)- as if taking revenge of kadam. Like all production houses, Bhagwan also made his own team consisting of himself, Baburao Pehelwan, Vasantrao pehelwan, Azimbhai, writer Ahsan Rizvi and MD Anna saheb (C.Ramchandra). For Heroines, he had Shanta Patel, Chanchal, Leela Gupte, Usha Shukla, Vitha Lokre and Leela Sawant. In every film of Bhagwan, this set of actors were there.Not only same actors,but Bhagwan’s films also had almost the same story in every film, with little changes here and there.

Whether the film was Badla-43, Bahadur-44, Naghma E Sahara-45, Dosti-46, Shake Hands-47, Matwale-47, Bahadur Pratap-47, Matlabi-48, Lalach-48, Jalan-48, Jigar-49, Bhedi Bungala-49, Bachke Rehna-49, Bhole Bhale-50 or Babuji-50, the pattern of story used to be the same. And what was the story ? Very simple….

Two young people from village come to Bombay to achieve something in life. They meet a Seth ji, who is troubled by a Gangster. Seth ji employs these two youngsters for his protection. They fight with the goons. The Hero falls in love with Seth ji’s daughter and his assistant falls for her maid.

The actors were fixed. The Hero was Baburao Pehelwan. His assistant was Bhagwan. Seth ji would be Azimbhai. The main Gangster would be Vasantrao Pehelwan. Seth ji’s daughter and her maid used to be one of the set of girls,mentioned above, by turns, in every film. Bhagwan knew that the audience does not come to his films for the story, music or to see the histrionic talents. They came for dare devil actions, stunts and fighting. And in reality, this was true. From film Albela, Bhagwan stopped stunt films and entered social films,but he always accommodated his actors in these films. However two members separated…Ahsan Rizvi and Azeem bhai.They became famous and important in their own fields.

Azim Bhai (real name: Saiyad Azim Jafri) was one of the leading action directors in Hindi films.

After a stint in the army he headed off to Bombay in 1934 and found work as stunt man at Eastern Art Film Company where he was put under contract and he worked on most of the company’s films like Sher Ka Panja (1934) Bal Hatiya (1935), Dharam Ki Devi (1935), and Prem Raatri (1936).

When Eastern Art Film went out of business, Azim moved over to Saroj Company then found work at Paramount Film Company, Imperial Film, and Wadia Movietone where he worked both as a stunt man and as an actor. Azim became well known for his swordsmanship and he often worked alongside fellow stunt coordinator Master Douglas and two were tasked with training Dilip Kumar and Prem Nath in that sport for the film Aan (1953). Azim has also trained many action directors and stunt persons including Ghani, Ravi Khan, Dawood (aka Hercules), Veeru Ustad, and Mansoor.

Azim Bhai coordinated the stunts on a number of fantasy films including King Kong (1963), Jadugar Daku (1962), Parasmani (1963), Sunehri Nagin (1964), Hercules (1964), and Aaya Toofan (1964), the spy films Spy in Rome (1968) and Kismat (1969), as well as the horror flicks Bees Saal Pehle (1972) and Ab Kya Hoga (1977).

Film Jeete Raho-49 was an outsider film. It was neither produced by nor directed by Bhagwan and Annasaheb was not the MD. However, Bhagwan had ensured that his whole team was in this film also. The director of Jeete Raho-C S Krishna Kumar and the MD- M V Devdas were not seen mentioned in any other Hindi film after this film. There were 8 songs in the film. These were sung by Rohini Roy and Dilip kumar ( may be Dilip Dholakia…not confirmed). With today’s song, film Jeete Raho-49 makes its Debut on this Blog.

( For this post, I have used some information from book ‘Ek Albela’ by Isak Mujawar, Blog cinemajaadu.com, with thanks, and also my own notes came handy, as usual)


Song- Pachhtaoge balam ji mera dil na le jaana (Jeete Raho)(1949) Singer- Rohini Roy, Lyricist- MA Sagar, MD- M V Devdas

Lyrics

Ooooi
Pachhtaaoge balam ji
Pachhtaaoge balam ji
mera dil na le jaana
mera dil na le jaana
haay mera dil na le jaana
haay mera dil na le jaana
Pachhtaaoge balam ji

tum dheere dheere aao naa aa aa aa aa
tum dheere dheere aao naa
dukh de de kar tadpaao na
hamen bhool kar muskaao na
pachhtaaoge balam ji
mera dil na le jaana
mera dil na le jaana
haay mera dil na le jaana
haay haay mera dil na le jaana
pachhtaaoge balam ji

meri mast nigaahon mein aana aa aa aa aa
meri mast nigaahon mein aana
dil mera chura kar jaana na
dekho jiya mora bharmaao na
pachhtaaoge balam ji
mera dil na le jaana
mera dil na le jaana
haay mera dil na le jaana
haay haay mera dil na le jaana
pachhtaaoge balam ji

jab nain se nain milaayen aen aen aen aen
jab nain se nain milaayen
manwa ko door se bhaayen
ab aankh mila ke sharmaao na
pachhtaaoge balam ji
mera dil na le jaana
mera dil na le jaana
haay mera dil na le jaana
haay haay mera dil na le jaana
pachhtaaoge balam ji

chham chham baaje hai paayaliya aa aa aa aa
chham chham baaje hai paayaliya
ku ku bole hai koyaliya
aise mein roothh ke jaao na
pachhtaaoge balam ji
mera dil na le jaana
mera dil na le jaana
haay mera dil na le jaana
haay haay mera dil na le jaana
pachhtaaoge balam ji


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3882 Post No. : 14906

“Roomaal”(1949) was directed by Ramchandra Thakur for Varuna Films, Bombay. This “social”movie had Nargis, Rahman, Jeewan, Indu, Jairaj, Badri Prasad, Majnoo, Jillobai, Cuckkoo, Ramesh Thakur, Urwashi, Jankidas, Deepak, Pitu, Boy Ratan, Azim, Shamu, Mukesh, Sohanlal, Ahmad etc in it.

The movie had ten songs in it. Five songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the sixth song from “Roomaal”(1949) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Meena Kapoor. Nazim Panipati is the lyricist. The movie had two music directors in it, viz Hansraj Bahl and Aziz Khan, but the distribution of songs among them is not known. There have been indirect ways to verify thouh that some songs were composed by Hansraj Bahl. Seeing that another Hansraj Bahl song (thus indirectly identified) had lyics by Nazim Panipati, my guess is that this song with lyrics by Nazm Panipati could be a Hansraj Bahl composition as well.

Only the audio of this rare song is available. I request our knowledeable readers to throw light on the picturiusation of this song.


Song-Wo ankhiyaan mila kar chale gaye (Roomaal)(1949) Singer-Meena Kapoor, Lyrics-Nazim Panipati, MD-Hansraj Bahl

Lyrics

wo ankhiyaan milaa kar
wo ankhiyaan milaa kar chale gaye
main rah gayi ankhiyaan malti re
main rah gayi ankhiyaan malti re
wo ankhiyaan milaa kar chale gaye
main rah gayi ankhiyaan malti re
main rah gayi ankhiyaan malti re

kyun dukhiyaa dil ko tod gaye
hamen kiske sahaare chhod gaye
hamen kiske sahaare chhod gaye
kyun dukhiyaa dil ko tod gaye
hamen kiske sahaare chhod gaye
hamen kiske sahaare chhod gaye
wo aag lagaa kar
wo aag lagaa kar chale gaye
main rah gayi aag mein jalti re
main rah gayi aag mein jalti re
wo ankhiyaan milaa kar chale gaye
main rah gayi ankhiyaan malti re
main rah gayi ankhiyaan malti re

wo chale gaye
wo chale gaye aur wahin hoon main
hoon aise jaisi nahin hoon main
hoon aise jaisi nahin hoon main
wo chale gaye aur wahin hun main
hoon aise jaisi nahin hoon main
wo paas bulaa kar
wo paas bulaa kar chale gaye
kyaa ho gayi mose galti re
kyaa ho gayi mose galti re
wo ankhiyaan milaa kar
wo ankhiyaan milaa kar chale gaye
main rah gayi ankhiyaan malti re
main rah gayi ankhiyaan malti re


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3870 Post No. : 14888

Today’s song is from film Tara-49. The cast of the film was Majnu, Kuldip Kaur, Jawahar kaul, Shyama,Nayantara, Chand Burke etc etc. This is a duet song sung by Satish Batra and Premlata. Aziz Kasmiri’s songs were composed by the melody master Vinod. The film was directed by R D Parinja.

I like to discuss less heard and not so famous films, because it gives me an opportunity to dig out information on the forgotten small time and big time artistes of yore. Some of the names are not even heard by the new generation and no wonder. That way, older film buffs of my age group (75 to 80) are not aware of the new and current Bollywood superstars- even if they are very popular and famous. With films making(rather raking) business in crores these days ( anything between 100 to 200 crores), every alternate actor is a superstar for a period of 2 to 3 years !

TARA-1949 was truly an obscure film,because when it was released,for unknown reasons,it went off the theatres within a week’s time and never came for even a second run,like other movies.
All my efforts to see this film came to a nought. I was keen to see this film,as its MD was VINOD,who had become popular due to the immortal Lara Lappa song from EK THI LADKI-49.

This film had 12 songs. Vinod had a penchant for giving chance to new/less known singers in his films. Thus Vinata Amladi(Dilli se aaya bhai Tingu fame) and Gandhari (Rane),Meenal Wagh, Satish Batra etc got opportunities in film world. In the 12 songs of the film Vinod had used as many as 7 singers-
Gandhari (Rane), Premlata, Uma Devi(Tun Tun), Raj kumari, Geeta Roy, Hameeda Bano and Satish Batra-the only male singer.

Vinod had another(good) habit. He liked to have atleast 1 or 2 fun songs in his films.In this film also there were 2 fun songs.

1. Mithhaai ki dukaan meri Dilli ke baazaar mein(Taara) Gandhari(Rane) and
2. Pyaar karna ho to yaaron kar lo teliphoon(Taara) Satish Batra and Rajkumari.

The director of this film was Mr.R.D.Parinja. He started his career as a Cinematographer in Bombay Talkies in its haydays.
He filmed Izzat, Prem kahani, Jeevan Prabhat,and Savitri-all 37 films, and then Kangan,Azaad,Jhoola,Bandhan,Naya sansar and Kismet.
When he was in Bombay Talkies,the German pair of Director Franz Osten and Cinematographer Joseph Wirsching were also there. He must have learnt a lot from them(or did he ?).

When Parinja left Bombay Talkies in its waning bad times he tired to produce and Direct films on his own.
first it was Sona Chandi-46 and then it was Tara-49.
After Tara,the film and the producer/Director disappeared into obscurity for ever.

Jawahar Kaul was the Hero of the film and the Heroine was not Shyama ( she was still a struggling artiste doing titbit roles) but Kuldip Kaur in this film. This was one of the few films where she was Heroine. Otherwise she was a perfect Vamp in films. Her life story is different . Saadat Hasan Manto has written several pages on her in his book ” Dastavez”-Volume 5 and as his wont was, it was not a flattering description of Kuldip.

Kuldip Kaur was born sometime in 1927 and brought up like a princess. Her spoiled Sardar husband wanted his wife to be like a modern westernized lady. He wanted his wife to learn swimming and rub shoulders with the club-going English elite based in Lahore and Amritsar.Once exposed to the club culture, Kuldip Kaur also started getting a taste of its dark side.

Since Lahore was a film city, Kuldip Kaur started dreaming about becoming a film actress. According to one story, Kuldip Kaur started admiring the professional qualities of actor Pran Nath, who was in film acting in Lahore since 1940, when he successfully performed the role of a hero in Punjabi film “Yamla Jutt” (The Simple Peasant).

By July and August of 1947, communal violence erupted into a full-fledged exercise in ethnic cleansing, with Muslims on one side and Sikhs and Hindus on the other. Both Lahore and Amritsar were engulfed in the worst sectarian violence in recent history.

Both Pran and Kuldip Kaur were made to leave Lahore in a jiffy, leaving virtually every belonging behind. Her own village being right on the border was also not peaceful. So Kuldip Kaur left straight for Bombay. According to one story, in order to impress Pran, Kuldip Kaur
decided to bring Pran’s stranded car from Lahore to Bombay. In a gesture of unprecedented daredevilry, she travelled from the safety of Amritsar to Lahore and drove Pran’s car first to Amritsar and then all the way to Bombay, where she handed over
the keys to a surprised but grateful Pran.

After leaving for Bombay, Kuldip Kaur’s contact with her parents and in-laws got diminished. On arrival in Bombay, Kuldip Kaur made up her mind to plunge headlong into the film industry. She was prepared to act in Hindi/Urdu as well as Punjabi films. The experts of film industry were of the opinion that her large piercing eyes and her flat chin made her an ideal choice for the role of a vamp.
The first ranking heroines of the time included Naseem Bano, Madhubala, Nargis, Suraiya and Nutan. Other heroines included Binarai, Shyama, Nimmi, Nirupa Roy, Meena Shori, Nigar Sultana, Veena and Kamini Kaushal. There was a shortage of ladies willing to perform the role of vamps.
One of Kuldip Kaur’s first films was a Punjabi blockbuster “Chaman” (1948). Within the same year Kuldip Kaur acted in two Hindi/Urdu films “Ziddi” and “Grahasthi“. All her 1948 films did well. After that she never looked back and went from strength to strength. At one stage Kuldip
Kaur was so busy in her film roles that for a long duration she did not visit Punjab.

In 1949, Kuldip Kaur worked in at least two films “Ek Thi Ladki” and “Kaneez”. “Ek Thi Ladki” was a blockbuster. Music Director Vinod composed some great tunes for this movie. “Kaneez” did not do too well.In 1950, Kuldip Kaur acted in two great musical Hindi movies “Samadhi” and “Adhi Raat” and did two Punjabi movies “Madaari” and “Chhai”. 1951 was a great year for her: she played the roles of vamps in six movies – “Stage”, “Rajput”, “Nai Zindagi”, “Ek Nazar”, “Afsana” and “Mukhra”. Her role in film “Afsana” received critical acclaim.
1952 was another great year for Kuldip Kaur. She worked in four movies – “Shisham”, “Nau Bahar”, “Baiju Bawra” and “Anjaam”. Again her role was highly praised in what became an all-time classic, “Baiju Bawra”. In 1953 again, Kuldip Kaur had four films – “Mashooka”, “Baaz”, “Anarkali” and “Aabshar”. Of these, “Anarkali” was a super hit and her role stole the limelight. 1954 proved another great year. She was featured in three movies – “Lal Pari”, “Gul Bahar” and “Daak Babu”. 1955 was one of her busiest professional years. She played the bad girl’s role in “Teer Andaz”, “Miss Coca Cola”, “Mast Qalandar” and “Jashan”.

In 1956, things slowed down a bit. She worked in two films, but none was released. Two of Kuldip Kaur starrers spilled over into the new year and were released in 1957. These were “Sheroo” and “Ek Saal”. In 1958 Kuldip Kaur had her roles in two films “Sahara” and “Panchyat”. In 1959, she did three films – “Pyaar Ka Rishta”, “Mohar” and “Jagir”. Out of these, one film, “Mohar,” was a great musical. Its music composed by Madan Mohan was simply outstanding. When Kuldip had fewer Hindi films in hand, she worked in Punjabi films.
1960 started as a reasonably good year for Kuldip Kaur. She had a Hindi film, “Maa Baap,” and a Punjabi film, “Yamla Jutt”.But during this very year, her life was cut short when she got some thorns in her feet and legs and she pulled those out by herself. True to her character of a daredevil woman, she did not seek medical advice immediately. Her sores became not only septic, but she contracted tetanus too, which was then incurable.

Kuldip Kaur died on 3rd February 1960. She worked in 69 films.

Jawahar kaul was one Hero, about whom not much is written about. That is because hardly any of his film was famous, nor was he known for his acting prowess or good looks like say Karan Dewan or Bharat Bhushan. I remember him in films like Khidki-48, Dekh kabira roya-57 and Bhabhi-57. Jawahar Kaul was born into a Nehru family on the 27th of September in the year 1927 in the place once revered as the heaven of India – Srinagar, Kashmir. When Jawahar was six days old, his grandfather’s sister adopted him, and his surname was subsequently changed to Kaul. Kaul did his Intermediate from the Punjab University and then went to the town of Rawalpindi. After spending some time there, he decided to go to Mumbai. His parents were not in favour of it and hence he convinced them that he would complete his graduation from the Pune University. He had a deep attraction for films from an early age and hence wanted to try his luck in the industry. In the 1940s, Dadar had three studios – Ranjit, Shri Sound and Supreme and hence was the epicenter of Indian cinema. Jawahar made Dadar his address.
He was always short on money as his family wasn’t aware of his venture into cinema. He often slept at the studio of Prabha Pictures. Due to his Kashmiri background – his looks, complexion, height were impressive, and he started getting work soon. Jawahar started his career doing minor roles. He used to potray supporting characters in big films. He made his debut while playing actor Kishor Sahu’s younger brother in the 1945’s ‘Veer Kunal’. In this year, he was seen in the role of ‘Humayun Mahawat’ in ‘Ek Din Ka Sultan’ which was made by Sohrab Modi. His first main lead role was in the flick ‘Khidki’ which was made in 1948. He was paired with Rehana for the same.

In Dadar, he became good friends with Radhakishan Mehra. Mehra used to live in the Lallubhai Mansion where Dada Bhagwan and Prabha Shankar Yagnik, ( brother of stunt film actor Navin Yagnik), the production managers of films used to stay too. It wasn’t long when Prabha Shankar and Kaul became good friends and started sharing their apartment. Their trio and friendship became popular in the film circle. Pyarelal Satoshi was friends with Radhakrishnan, and when he became a producer, he cast Kaul in his first movie. Kaul’s debut did average business, but the songs were a hit. Soon Kaul was seen in films like Azadi Ki Raah Par, Apni Chhaya, Kathputli, Pehli Jhalak, Laal Batti, Sahib Biwi Aur Ghulam, etc. He was a legend of the Black and White Cinema. He was a superstar in the films made in the 1960s. Throughout his career, he worked only in a few selected flicks, but he was able to efficaciously enrapture the audience’s attention.

Jawahar was never happy about his career- the way it went. he had wanted it to be more successful. Anyway after his last film Zalim-1980, he left acting and joined as a Production Manager with Jwala Pictures of Sandeep Sethi. After two years he became his Secretary for the next 17 years. Meanwhile he produced a film-” Agniputra “, with Mithun Chakrawarty. It took a long time to release finally in 2000. Not only it was a flop, it also gave a heavy financial burden on him. However, his only son and producer daughter Shabanam Kapoor repaid everything. Today Jawahar is about 92 years and lives peacefully in Andheri,Mumbai. He looks after his school and college ‘ Children’s welfare Centre, nearby.

Jawahr Kaul acted in 31 films starting from a small role in Geet Govind-1947. I remember his role in my favourite film Dekh kabira Roya-1957.

In film Tara-49, there were two names which need a spotlight on them, because they are not a very popular or well known names. Sometimes a memorable role in a film becomes totally identified with the actor doing it. Many times the role name gets attached to him and he is known by that name popularly. off hand I know atleast two such names. One is ofcourse Gabbar singh. Amjad Khan did that role so intensely that this name became his identity. Second example is Meena Shorey. In her entire life time she was always known as the Lara Lappa Girl…that song from film Ek thi ladki-49 became her second name. There was also a name Bajarbattu, which many readers must have seen in the cast of old films of B and C grades. This was the name of actor Anant Apte, who did the role of Bajarbattu in film Amar jyoti-1936. The name stuck to him and till his last film he was billed as Bajarbattu in every subsequent film.

Similarly actor Majnu’s real name was Harold Lewis, but due to his role in his first film as Hero-Laila Majnu-1935, he became popular as Majnu only, till end of his career. MAJNU-Harold Lewis – was a Punjabi Christian.He was the childhood friend of Roop K.Shorey. When Shorey wanted to make his second film, he chose Harold as a Hero. The film was MAJNU-1935,which was a satirical spoof on the old Laila-Majnu story. There were many stunts and in one scene Majnu is tied up on railway track by the villain. The film became a hit and Harold was renamed MANJU for his film career.

He appeared in almost all of Shorey’s films.He was also doing films with other producers.In 1942 he did a double role in Nishani and in 1943 he directed his first film Paapi. Shorey also gave him a film Badnami-1946 for direction and it was here that Majnu met I.S.Johar who wrote the story and Dialogues of Badnami.

Majnu paired with I.S.Johar in EK THI LADKI-1949,the debut film of Johar.Later they made a comedy pair in 10 films,including the hit HUM SAB CHOR HAIN-1956.

Majnu acted in 77 films,from 1935 to 1966 film Akalmand-also with Johar for the last time.
Majnu directed 8 films including,Paapi-43,Badnami-46,Son of Alibaba-55,Tatar ka chor-55 baghi sardar-56,Chandu-58 etc.

The other less known name was Chand Burke. Chand Burke made her debut in Maheshwari Productions’ Kahan Gaye (1946), which Niranjan wrote and directed. They fell in love on the sets and got married in 1945. Thereafter, Chand appeared in a number of films made in Lahore, and was widely known as “the Dancing Lily of the Punjab.”

Partition and her subsequent migration to Bombay adversely affected her career. After “Hamari Manzil,” which was released in 1949, Chand Burke went into complete oblivion. It was Raj Kapoor who selected her for that important role as children’s tormentor in “Boot Polish,” over 200 other contestants, her screen-test convincing Raj Kapoor that she was a talented actress. Some of her well known films were Basant Bahar-56, yahudi ki beti-56, Adalat-58 and Lajwanti-58.

Chand was the only one in a family of twelve brothers and sisters to have joined the films (her brother S. M. Burke, I.C.S., was a Minister to the Scandina­vian countries for Pakistan). Chand ob­tained judicial separation by mutual consent from her husband, writer-director Niranjan in 1954.

She was also married to Sunder Singh Bhavnani- grandfather of superstar Ranveer Singh. She is also related to Suneeta Kapoor.

She acted in about 30 films. Her last film was Pehchan-72.

Let us now listen to the well tuned duet of Premlata and Satish Batra. this will be the 9th song from this film.

( Thanks to apnaorg, cineplot, netttv4u.com, beetehuedin.com, film directory 1946, HFGK, cinerang by Isak Mujawar, MuVyz and my notes, for information used and adapted in this post.)


Song- Duniya se nyaare hain khel hamaare (Taara)(1949) Singers- Satish Batra, Premlata, Lyrics- Aziz Kashmiri
MD- Vinod
Both

Lyrics

Duniya se nyaare hain khel hamaare
ho o khel hamaare
Duniya se nyaare hain khel hamaare
ho khel hamaare
khelo praan pyaare
khelo preetam pyaare ae ae
khelo praan pyaare
khelo preetam pyaare ae ae
duniya hamko
dekhe aate jaate saanjh sakhaare
duniya hamko
dekhe aate jaate saanjh sakhaare

hum duniya se aankh bacha kar
hum duniya se aankh bacha kar
karen ishaare ae
karen ishaare
karen ishaare ae
karen ishaare

Duniya se nyaare hain khel hamaare
ho o khel hamaare

isko duniya kahe muhabbat
hum isko ik khel kahen
aankh michauli aankhon ki
dil ka dil se mel kahen

haan aan aan
ye mel kabhi na chhoot sake
ye mel kabhi na chhoot sake
koi laakh jatan kar haare
Duniya se nyaare hain khel hamaare
ho o khel hamaare

deepak par jal gaya patanga
bol gaya hai duniya waalon
haan haan ae duniya waalon
bol gaya
jeewan hai ek khel
khel mein
apne sab armaan nikaalo
haan haan
armaan nikaalo
bol gaya
aas paas chanda se khele ae ae
aas paas chanda se khele ae ae

taare ban armaan hamaare
taare ban armaan hamaare
Duniya se nyaare hain khel hamaare
ho o khel hamaare
Duniya se nyaare hain khel hamaare


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3850 Post No. : 14862

I am sure, many of us have gone through this experience in our lives. Some song heard sometime, somewhere haunts you so much that you can not simply forget it. In due course of time, this disappears, but at a later time, may be after many years when you hear that song again, all your memories come back and you are lost in Nostalgia.

Same thing has happened to me about today’s song, which is from an old film Raaz-1949. It is sung by Mohd. Rafi- who was just beginning to make a mark for him in Hindi film music. When I heard this song after almost 65-70 years, all old memories flashed before my eyes.

It was early 1950 or so. Our house in Hyderabad was second in a lane. Just outside the lane, on the main road and on the opposite side, was a Hotel- Hotel Madina. This hotel was famous in our area, because the owner used to play all latest Hindi film songs on his Gramophone from 7 am to 7 pm. A reasonable crowd of music lovers sat there for hours. In fact the Hotel had become a meeting point for friends. Many ‘ latest ‘ songs were introduced to me this way. I had first heard this Rafi song from film Raaz-49 here only and I fell in love with this song. I remember, I forced my father to buy this record so that I could hear it more often.

Like many other songs, this too went at the backstage and I was swayed by some other lilting songs. That was a period when ” ek se badh kar ek ” songs were rolled out. As the time went and years passed by, I never heard this song again till last week. I was searching for some other song on You Tube, and my eyes fell on this song. Feeling something familiar, I played the song and my God !, I can not describe how many times I must have heard this song till now. I felt as if I met a long lost friend. I remembered my childhood ( I might be about 10-12 years old that time, my friends and the evenings spent clustering near that hotel, so that we could hear the songs.
Now all facilities are available at beck and call, but where are those days, those friends and those songs ?

Coming to today’s film Raaz-49, as many as 6 films with same title are made so far, add to that a few more with the word Raaz in its titles. This film was produced by Neelkamal Kalamandir and was directed by Emmanuel. The 10 songs written by Mirazi and Gulzar Nadeem were composed by the talented but unlucky Sardar Malik (HFGK mentions his name as Malik Sardar). For 10 songs 7 singers were used. One song from this film is already discussed here. I have noticed a peculiar thing about this film and that is, that for its director Emmanuel, Lyricist Mirazi and one singer Shaila, this was the only film they contributed.

The Hero of the film was Mohan Sehgal. Born in Jallundhar, Punjab, on 1-12-1921, Mohan came to to the films to become an actor-preferably a Hero. He acted in 7 films- Neecha Nagar and Chalis Karod in 1946,Phool aur kante-48, Raaz-49, Afsar-50, Humsafar-53 and Suhana Geet-63. But he was known more as a Producer/Director. He directed 18 films- from Aulad-54 to Kasam suhag ki-89. Some of his well known films were, New Delhi-56,Kanyadan-63, Sawan Bhadon-70, and Raja Jaani-72. His favourite actors were Kishore kumar, Dharmendra, Rekha and Hema Malini as well as Navin Nischol. Mohan Sehgal died on 19-10-2005 in Mumbai.

In this film there are two names which are not well known to many. One of them was Maya Devi. Maya Devi was from Bombay and started her career from silent films in 1928 with Anarkali by imperial. Her first Talkie film was Kunwari ya widhva-35. Her real name was Leela. She became a favourite of Bombay Talkies and she did 6 films with them in 37 and 38. In all she did 5 silent films and 31 Talkie films till 1949. Her last film in India was Raaz-49. She got married with a Muslim and then migrated to Pakistan, where she did 19 films and then retired in 1964. Her first film in Pakistan was Phere-1949. She died in Lahore on 1-2-67. She did films in Gujarati and Punjabi also.

The second name is S.B.Nayampalli, who was a popular Villain in his films. S.B.Nayampalli was born in south Karnataka. In 1915,his family shifted to Bombay. His personality was imposing with fair colour, six feet height and solid physique. Due to father’s death, he did a job in P and T department, but soon he left it and joined as a clerk in Killick Nixon company. He was a commerce graduate and was fond of playing Cricket, representing his company at Club cricket championships.

S.B. Nayampally (or Nayampalli) was working at the firm of Killick, Nixon and Company when he was discovered by film director P.Y. Altekar at a gym where Nayampally regularly exercised. Altekar felt that Nayampally very much resembled the famous French boxer Georges Carpenter and would be perfect for the stunt films that had become popular at the time. At Altekar’s urging, Nayampally joined Imperial Studios and was quickly cast in his first film, Wedding Night(1929), opposite the popular actress Jilloo. When he arrived at Imperial to begin his first day of filming he was amused to find that the building now used for the studio had formerly housed the school he’d attended as a child.“Wedding Night was a stunt film of the Robin Hood type,” Nayampally explained in a 1964 interview. “It had a little more of a plot to it than many films of the same class. My next film, Hell’s Paradise (1929), I remember for three reasons. One, it was based on a real-life episode involving an Indian prince and a foreign girl, described as an adventuress. Two, Mama Warerekar, the noted writer, did the story. Three, the film had a kissing scene, probably the first ever in an Indian film.”

Nayampalli was cast in Imperial’s Noorjehan (1931), which was initially to be a silent picture, but because of the success of their film Alam Ara (1931), which was India’s first talkie, the studio decided to make Noorjehan partly with sound. Nayampally was not originally cast in Noorjehan, but a chance meeting with the film’s director, Ezra Mir, got him the role of Prince Salim in the film.Nayampally then played Karna in Imperial’s next sound film, the mythological Draupadi (1931), but the actor considered his best mythological role to be that of the wily Shakuni in Mahatma Vidur (1943), a part that was appreciated by critics and the public, alike.

As sound films came in, silent actors were being discarded in favor of those with stage backgrounds and could not sing, so Nayampalli joined the Grant Anderson Theatrical Company which specialized in Shakespearean plays. After gaining some experience he tried to rejoin films, but without much luck. His previous roles had been leads, so he decided if he wanted to work regularly, maybe he should take a different approach and he offered himself up for character parts.His break came in the role of a hunchback in love with the heroine in Ezra Mir’s Zarina which starred Jal Merchant and Zubeida. The dentures he wore for the role were created specially by a dentist named Jimmy Gheista who had trained abroad with the dentist who had made similar dentures for Lon Chaney.

Nayampally had learned early on how to apply make-up for his roles and, in fact, he became so good at it he eventually came to specialize in horror make-up, which earned him the nickname “The Indian Lon Chaney.” Indeed, Chaney, Erich von Stroheim, Emil Jannings, and John Barrymore were the actors that Nayampally most tried to emulate. Boris Karloff was another of his role models. He was able to put his make-up expertise to good use for the film Sair-e-Paristan (1934), where he was a vampire-like devil, and in Zingaro(1935), in which he played a monster created by a mad scientist, and then as a the hairy “missing link” in Zambo (1937) and its sequel Zambo Ka Beta (1938). For Kalkoot (1935) he created a make-up to resemble the wrinkled effect that Karloff had used in The Mummy(1932).

Nayampally continued working in films throughout the 1940s and 50s, particularly in mythologicals and costume pictures including Raj Nartaki (1941), Nagad Narayan (1943), Vishwas 1943), Taramati(1945), Urvashi (1946), Jhansi-Ki-Rani (1953), Durgesh Nandini (1956), Basant Bahar (1956) and Shiv Parvati (1962) His last credited film appearance was in 1970’s Priya.

After the career in films ended, he started making Documentaries. He made about 35 documentaries. He won ‘ Silver Dolphin’ award for his documentary in the International Film Festival at Teheran in 1970.

He died on 7-5-1994, in Mumbai.

Sardar Malik today is a lesser known composer compared to other giants of the film industry, but he has created some golden melodies.

Born on 13-1- 1925, Sardar Malik had learned classical music from Ustad Alauddin Khan. He also learned a variety of dancing skills from Pt.Uday Shankar. Some other stars like Guru Dutt and Mohan Sehgal too were part of the troop under Pt. Uday Shankar, same time.

Sardar Malik got his break as a Music Director in a movie called ‘Renuka’ which released in 1947. Sardar Malik also sang 4 songs in this movie – 2 solo songs and also 2 duets with Zohrabai. But the movie was not a big success and he remained unrecognized. In the same year, he also composed music for a movie ‘Rain Basera’, but that movie too was not successful. In 1949, only one movie released of Sardar Malik and that was ‘Raaz’. The movie had some wonderful numbers from Rafi, Amirbai and Binapani Mukherjee.

In 1951, Sardar Malik shared the credits with Husnalal Bhagatram and composed a few songs for a movie ‘Stage’, which had lovely numbers sung by Asha Bhosle like ‘Dil Machalne Laga’. Asha Bhosle had excellent control in her voice in the early 50s and her association with Sardar Malik was very special in this era when Lata and Geeta Dutt were at the top.

His next movie was ‘Laila Majnu’ which was a huge success. Sardar Malik composed only 3 songs for this movie ‘Baharon Ki Duniya Pukare’, ‘Tere Dar Pe Aaya Hoon’ and ‘Dekh Li Ae Ishq’. All the other songs were composed by Ghulam Mohammed but the songs showed his versatility and he gained recognition in the film industry. Thokar (1953) established Sardar Malik as a successful composer. Songs like ‘Ae Gham-e-Dil Kya Karoon’ by Talat and Asha Bhosle and ‘Hawa Ghungunayee Fiza Muskayee’ are evergreen numbers.

‘Aulad’ (1954) showed Sardar Malik’s overall class through his magical compositions. This movie had some great numbers like ‘Duniya Tasveer Ha’i (Talat Mahmood) and ‘Tum Salamat Raho Hazar Baras’ (Asha). The same year saw the release of ‘Chor Bazar’ (1954), which had some of the best songs rendered by Lata Mangeshkar. She sang 3 beautiful songs in this movie ‘Chalta Rahe Yeh Karvan’, ‘Huyi Yeh Humse Yeh Nadani’ and ‘Dar Dar Ki Thokrein Hain’.

In the mid-50’s Sardar Malik composed music for few movies like Ab-e-Hayat-55, Taxi-555-58, Chamak Chandni-57 and Maa Ke Aansoo-59. All these movies had some nice songs. If we observe the decade of 50s, Asha Bhosle, Talat Mahmood and Rafi sang some of the best songs of Sardar Malik.

The decade of 60’s saw the release of ‘Saranga’ (1960), which can be considered as one of the best movies of Indian Cinema. The title song of the movie sung by Mukesh and the sad version of the same sung by Rafi is still as popular as it was 60 yrs ago. Many veteran music composers consider this movie as the best movie composed by Sardar Malik ever. The same year saw the release of ‘Mera Ghar Mere Bachche’ which contained some great songs sung by Mukesh, my favorite song being the duet of Mukesh with Suman Kalyanpur ‘Baharon Se Poochho’.

Sardar Malik remained active in the first half of the 1960s and composed some outstanding music for second rung movies like Madan Manjari, Bachpan, Pick Pocket, Naag Mohini, Jantar Mantar, Maharani Padmini, Roop Sundari and Main Hoon Jadugar. It was destiny that most of the films he composed for were not box-office successes, but he never compromised on the quality of his music. His career appears to come to an abrupt halt in the mid-60s. The last movie of Sardar Malik was Gynaaniji which released in 1977. This movie had songs sung by Rafi, Asha, Jaspal Singh and Jagat Singh Jagga.

Sardar Malik had huge knowledge on all forms of Indian Music. He always depended on light background orchestration in many of his songs. He made the use of accordion and flute in many of his songs. As he was classically trained, he had excellent knowledge on various raagas too.

Married to noted lyricist Hasrat Jaipuri’s sister, Kausar Jahan (Bilqis), Sardar Malik had three sons – Anu, Abu and Dabbu Malik. Thanks to his father’s blessings, Anu Malik met with a lot of success in the 1990s and 2000s.

Sardar Malik passed away on January 27th 2006, but the legacy he has left behind will always remain with us.

Today’s song is a mesmerising song and i believe, this song has inspired a few songs in Hindi films, in later years. Enjoy….

( Thanks for some information used herein from Beete kal ke sitare by S. Tamrakar, apnaarchieve, Mike Barnum blog, pakmag.com, Filmdom-46 and HFGK along with my notes.)


Song-Samay ka chakkar sau bal khaaye (Raaz)(1949) Singer-Mohd. Rafi, Lyrics- Mirazi, MD- Sardar Malik

Lyrics

samay ka chakkar sau bal khaaye ae
sau bal khaaye
aage jaa kar laut na paaye ae
ghoom ghoom kar badhta jaaye
ghoom ghoom kar badhta jaaye
peechhe sab sansaar
peechhe sab sansaar
bolo
o bolo
chakkoo chhuri dhaar
bolo
chakkoo chhuri dhaar

dhaar bane aur chakkar ghoome
phoot ke har chingaari jhoome ae
dhaar bane aur chakkar ghoome
phoot ke har chingaari jhoome
dekho is ki jyot mein chamke
jag jeewan ka pyaar
jag jeewan ka pyaar
bolo
ho bolo
chakkoo chhuri dhaar
chakkoo chhuri dhaar

baalak samjhe ise khilauna
ye zehri talwaar
baalak samjhe ise khilauna
ye zehri talwaar
moorakh isko haath lagaaye
kar de maaraamaar
kar de maaraamaar

jag mein jeet usi ki pyaare ae
jag mein jeet usi ki pyaare
jiske dil mein pyaar
jiske dil mein pyaar
bolo
ho bolo
chakkoo chhuri dhaar
chakkoo chhuri dhaar

dharti badle roop anjaane
aasmaan aisi reet na jaane ae
dharti badle roop anjaane
aasmaan aisi reet na jaane ae
jab tak apne saath jawaani ee
man dekhe sapne manmaane
jeewan poorampaar
bolo
ho bolo
chakkoo chhuri dhaar
chakkoo chhuri dhaar


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(© 2008 - 2019) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has over 15200 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

15289

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1180
Total Number of movies covered =4209

Total visits so far

  • 12,561,568 hits

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Historical dates

Blog Start date: 19 july 2008

Active for more than 4000 days.

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