Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Songs of 1943’ Category


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4748 Post No. : 16476

Kishore Sahu, actor, producer, director and story/screen-play/dialogue writer must be a dynamic, ambitious and resourceful person. Otherwise, how could one explain the pace at which he turned producer after the release of only one film? He started his acting career with a lead role in Bombay Talkies’ ‘Jeewan Prabhat’ (1937). One film old Kishore Sahu set up a film production company, India Artists Ltd. As a managing director of the company, he produced ‘Bahurani’ (1940) which was released in June 1940. The film was commercially successful.

By 1945, Kishore Sahu had become a successful film producer, director, writer and actor. But before that he faced a ‘speed breaker’ in his career path. Sometime in the latter half of 1940, Kishore Sahu’s marriage with Snehprabha Pradhan, his co-star in ‘Punar Milan’ (1940) in September 1940 ran into trouble. In less than six months of their marriage, they separated. The long court battles and the resultant divorce sometime in 1942 affected Kishore Sahu to such an extent that he left Bombay in early 1941 and went into ‘hibernation’ for a year or so in his native town and Nagpur.

It is said that a person in a depressed mind for a long time is likely to experience change in his personality after he overcomes the depression. But in the case of Kishore Sahu, it appears that more than the likely change in his personality, the recovery from the personal problems changed his filmy career for the better. Kishore Sahu returned to Bombay with a story of ‘Kunwaara Baap’ (1942) which was his debut film as a director. He was also the lead actor opposite Protima Dasgupta. It was a social satirical film.

The box office success of ‘Kunwaara Baap’ (1942) encouraged him to direct two more films with similar theme – ‘Raja’ (1943) and ‘Sharaarat’ (1944) making them a trilogy of films with social satire as the theme. He was once again paired with Protima Dasgupta in both these films. While ‘Raja’ (1943) was a commercial success, ‘Sharaarat’ (1944) did not fare well at the box office. But his subsequent film, ‘Veer Kunal’ (1945) which Kishore Sahu produced and directed under the banner of Ramnik Productions was a commercially successful film. In this film, he played the lead role of Veer Kunal.

The next line of career progression took place in 1945 when he bought the banner, Hindustan Chitra Production and become the producer-director under his own banner. Films like ‘Sindoor’ (1947), ‘Saawan Aaya Re’ (1947), ‘Kali Ghata’ (1951) and “Mayur Pankh’ (1954) became successful at the box office. As a director, he saw success in ‘Saajan’ (1947), ‘Nadiya Ke Paar’ (1948). ‘Dil Apna Aur Preet Paraayi’ (1960), ‘Grihasti’ (1963) etc. He also acted in films of other banners.

As happens with many film directors, after his successful innings of around 10 years, Kishore Sahu, by and large, failed as a director in his later part of the career. After ‘Grahasti’ (1963), he could not attain the same level of success as in the 1940s and 1950s. In the 1960s and 70s, Kishore Sahu produced and directed ‘Poonam Ki Raat’ (1965), ‘Hare Kaanch Ki Chooriyaan’ (1967), ‘Pushpanjali’ (1970) and directed ‘Dhuen Ki Lakeer’ (1974) but could not create ripples on the box office front.

Of these four films, I had seen ‘Poonam Ki Raat’ (1965) when it was released. The film was a suspense thriller. I found the film interesting with tightly maintained suspense coupled with outstanding song compositions by Salil Chowdhury. Around the same time, I had seen ‘Gumnaam’ (1965), and later, I had also watched on TV ‘Wo Kaun Thhi’ (1964), The common factors in all these three films were (i) suspense thriller, (ii) Manoj Kumar as the lead actor and (iii) melodious music and songs. While ‘Poonam Ki Raat’ failed at box office, the other two films were box office success. Can it be said that the young directors were more innovative and had read the pulse of the filmy audience of mid 1960s better than Kishore Sahu or was it simply a loss of his magic touch?

When Kishore Sahu was facing a downturn in his career as a producer-director, he started doing character roles in the films of other banners. Dev Anand seems to be fond of Kishore Sahu who acted with him in ‘Kala Paani’ (1958), ‘Kala Baazar’ (1960), ‘Guide’ (1965), ‘Gambler’ (1971) and ‘Hare Rama Hare Krishna’ (1972). By the way, Dev Anand worked with Kishore Sahu for the first time in ‘Namoona’ (1949).

Kishore Sahu died on August 22, 1980 while on a family trip to Thailand. His last film, ‘Vakil Babu’ (1982) was released after his death.

‘Raja’ (1943) was Kishore Sahu’s third film as a director and the 5th film as an actor. He also wrote the story, screen-play and dialogues for the film. The star cast included Kishore Sahu and Protima Dasgupta in the lead roles supported by Ranibala, Moni Chatterjee, Gulab, Vijay Sahu, Wasker, Anant Prabhu etc.

There were 8 songs in the film of which one song has been covered on the Blog. I am presenting the film’s second song, ‘aankhon ki ye sharaab piye jhoom ke nikle’. The song is written by Amritlal Nagar which is set to music by Khan Mastana. Most of the on-line resources mention Kishore Sahu as the singer. But it is apparent that the voice in this song is that of Khan Mastana.

When I first listened to the song, it gave me an impression of a song of enjoyment. By the time I come to the last stanza of the song, it dawns to me that all is not well in protagonist’s love life.

Audio Clip:
Song-Aankhon ki ye sharaab piye jhoom ke nikle (Raja)(1943) Singer-Khan Mastana, Lyrics-Amritlal Nagar, MD-Khan Mastana

Lyrics

shar…..aab
shar….aab
ye shar…..aab
aankhon ki ye sharaab
aankhon ki ye sharaab
aankhon ki ye sharaab piye jhoom ke nikle
haan jhoom ke nikle
haan haan jhoom ke nikle
armaan mere dil ke
armaan mere dil ke ghaav choom ke nikle
haan choom ke nikle
haan haan choom ke nikle
aankhon ki ye sharaab
aankhon ki ye sharaab piye jhoom ke nikle
haan jhoom ke nikle
haan haan jhoom ke nikle
aankhon ki ye sharaab

main kis tarah bachoon
main kis tarah bachoon na ke madhosh banoon main
behosh banoon main aen
main kis tarah bachoon na ke madhosh banoon main
behosh banoon main
behosh banoon main
gar ?? khud sharaab
gar ?? khud sharaab bane jhoom ke nikle
haan jhoom ke nikle
haan haan jhoom ke nikle
aankhon ki ye sharaab
aankhon ki ye sharaab piye jhoom ke nikle
haan jhoom ke nikle
haan haan jhoom ke nikle
aankhon ki ye sharaab

toota huwa dil ek bhi apna sa na paaya
hamne nahin paaya
toota huwa dil ek bhi apna sa na paaya
hamne nahin paaya
hamne nahin paaya
ham pyaar ki duniya se
ham pyaar ki duniya se bahut ghoom ke nikle
haan ghoom ke nikle
haan haan ghoom ke nikle
aankhon ki ye sharaab
aankhon ki ye sharaab piye jhoom ke nikle
haan jhoom ke nikle
haan haan jhoom ke nikle
armaan mere dil ke
armaan mere dil ke ghaav choom ke nikle
haan choom ke nikle
haan haan choom ke nikle
aankhon ki ye sharaab


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4726 Post No. : 16441

Blog 10-Year Challenge (2011-2021) – Song No.28
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After the successful release of Prabhat Film’s ‘Padosi’ (1941) on January 25. 1941, V Shantaram, the director, remained inactive for more than one year in Prabhat Films which was unusual for him. His next directorial venture was ‘Shakuntala’ (1943) under his own banner which was released sometime in the second half of 1943. Apparently, there was something unusual happening in Prabhat Films.

To know what was going on in Prabhat Films in general and with V Shantaram in particular, I browsed through the available issues of ‘Filmindia’ magazine of the yeas 1941 and 1942 wherever there were references to Prabhat Films and V Shantaram. What I gathered from the various columns of the magazine is summarized below which explanins as to why V Shantaram got sidelined in Prabhat Films:

(1) The grapevine was that all was not well among the 5 partners of Prabhat Film Company after the release of ‘Padosi’ (1941). It was speculated that some of the partners were not on the speaking terms and they rarely met to discuss the future plans. This discontentment was evident from the fact that in January 1941, there was an announcement that V Shantaram will direct Prabhat’s next film, ‘Omar Khayyam’ with Jayshree in the lead role. The screen-play and dialogue writing were completed and film was to go on shooting floor in April 1941. But no progress was made beyond screen-play and dialogue writing. Eventually, the film was shleved.

(2) Sometime in the middle of the year 1941, Prabhat Film Company had spared the services of V Shantaram to Government of India as the Chief Producer for its Film Advisory Board (later called as Film Division) at a remuneration of Rs.2500/- per month. He was the first Indian to head the Film Advisory Board of the Government of India. Although he was allowed to work for Prabhat Films whenever his services were required, Prabhat Films did not give him any assignment.

(3) Around the same time, V Shantaram married Jayshree Kamulkar who was the lead actress in Prabhat Film’s Marathi version of ‘Padosi’ (1941), titled as ‘Shejari’. Earlier, one of the partners of Prabhat Films, Keshavrao Dhaiber had married actress Nalini Tarkhud who was the heroine in Prabhat’s ‘Rajput Ramani’ (1936). For this, he was made to exit from the partnership of Prabhat Films. Since then, there was a rule in Prabhat Films that any partner marrying the actress in the payroll of the Company would have to leave the partnership. This rule would also apply to V Shantaram.

Since V Shantaram did not immediately exit from the partnership of Prabhat Films after the marriage, it is quite possible that sparing his services to the Film Advisory Board was a way out to keep V Shantaram out of Prabhat Films. This arrangement may have also suited V Shantaram as he got the time to plan for his future film ventures before he finally exited from his partnership in Prabhat Films.

V Shantaram exited from the partnership of Prabhat Films in May 1942. He continued with his new assignments with Film Advisory Board until September 1942 when he resigned his post as the Chief Producer. By this time, he had set up Silver Screen Exchange, his film distribution company for Western India and was in advance stage of setting up of his film production company. He had already announced ‘Shakuntala’ (1943) as the first film under his newly set up banner, Rajkamal Kala Mandir. He had almost finalised buying National Studio for Rs.7 lakhs and he had already made the announcement to this effect.

But unlike doing business in Kolhapur and Pune, Mumbai was highly competitive. When the news of his buying National Studio became known in the film industry, Keki Mody, the Chief of Western India Theatres put his bid for National Studio at much higher price and snatched away the deal from V Shantaram. It was a setback for V Shantaram as he had planned to start the shooting of ‘Shakuntala’ (1943) soon after the acquisition of the National Studio.

The necessity of buying a studio become a prestige issue for V Shantaram more than for the immediate requirement for the commencement of shooting for his first film. So, he immediately bought Wadia Movietone’s studio for Rs.2 lakhs – much lower price than his bid for National Studio. But it had a hidden cost – the cost of renovation and the resultant delay of about 3 months to commence the shooting of ‘Shakuntala’ (1943).

The shooting of ‘Shakuntala’ (1943) started in January 1943 and got completed in July 1943. Therafter the film was released. It ran for 104 weeks in a single theatre in Mumbai. Thus the two years of inactivity of V Shantaram in commercial cinema was rewarded with a grand success of ‘Shakuntala’ (1943).

10 years ago on this date (26 June 2011), one song from the film ‘Shakuntala’ (1943) was posted on the Blog. So far, 10 songs (out of 13) from the film have been posted on the Blog, details of which are as under

Sr. No. Song Posting Date
01 Jeewan ki naao na doley 09/06/2011
02 Kamal hai mere saamne 25/06/2011
03 Pyaari pyaari ye sukhad maatribhoomi apni 26/06/2011
04 Jhooloongi jhooloongi 30/06/2011
05 Tumhe prasann yoon dekh ke 04/05/2014
06 Chaand sa nanha aaya 06/05/2014
07 Na jaane kahaan ka ye jaadoo kiya hai 24/07/2017
08 Chali apne ghar ko Shakuntala 18/08/2018
09 Mere baba ne baat meri maan li 04/08/2019
10 Ek prem ki pyaasi bani banwaasi 25/06/2021

I am presenting the 11th song, ‘meri biraha ki rain thhi ek to badi’ from the film ‘Shakuntala’ (1943). The song is rendered by Amirbai Karnataki. There were two lyricists – Diwan Sharar and Ratan Piya for the film. However, for the song under discussion, individual accreditation is not available.

The song is picturised on a dancer whom I am not able to identify. The situation of the song is that as soon as King Dushyant gets to see the ring which he had presented to Shakuntala after his marriage with her, his memories of the time he spent with Shakuntala is restored. He becomes restless and is eager to see Shakuntala. This song is the reflections of what is going in the mind of King Dushyant.

Lyrics of the song were sent to me by Prakashchandra.

Audio Clip:

Video


Song-Mere birha ki rain thhi ik to badi (Shakuntala)(1943) Singer-Amirbai Karnataki, MD-Vasant Desai

Lyrics (provided by Prakashchandra)

mere birha ki rain thhi ik to badi
dooje badhti ee gayi
aur badhti gayi
mere birha ki rain thhi ik to badi
uthhi rang(?) ki siyaahi se kaali ghataa
kaali raat ke chadhti ee
chadhti ee gayi
mere birhaa ki rain thhi ik to badi

hai biyog ki lambi kahaani meri
kabhi ant main uska likh naa saki ee
kabhi likhti rahi
kabhi padhti gayi ee
phir likh likh
likh kar
padhti gayi
mere birha ki rain thhi ik to badi


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4725 Post No. : 16438

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Blog 10-Year Challenge (2011-2021) – Song No.27
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The story of Shakuntala which is based on a classic Sanskrit play ‘Abjijanashakuntalam’ written by Kalidas has been one of the favourites of film makers. Two silent films with the title ‘Shakuntala’ were made in 1920 – one directed by Suchet Singh and the other by Shrinath Patankar. In 1929, Fatma Begum also directed a silent film with the same title. With the advent of sound film in 1931, two films were released with the same title in 1931 – one directed by Mohan Bhavnani and the other by J J Madan. Sarvottam Badami of Sagar Movietone directed ‘Shakuntala’ (1932) in Telugu. Jyotish Banerjee directed ‘Shakuntala’ (1941) in Bengali.

When V Shantaram set up his own Rajkamal Kala Mandir in 1942, he produced and directed ‘Shakuntala’ (1943) as his first film under his banner. He remade the film in 1961 with the title ‘Stree’. Bhupen Hazarika made the film in Assamese in 1961 and Kunchako directed the film in 1965 in Malayalam. The list is not exhaustive but the number of films made so far shows the popularity of the story of Shakuntala.

Since Prabaht Films did not make film on ‘Shakuntala, probably, V Shantaram thought of making Shakuntala as his first film after leaving Prabhat Films in May 1942, V Shantaram set up his own film production company, Rajkamal Kala Mandir. In October 1942, he acquired Wadia Movietone’s studio and renovated the same which took about 3 months. Simultaneously, he was also busy with the preparatory work for his maiden film, ‘Shakuntala’ (1943). When the studio was ready after renovation, he signed Chandramohan for the role of Dushyant opposite Jayshree in the role of Shakuntala. The shooting of Shakuntala started in January 1943 and it took about six months to complete the shooting. The film was released tereafter.

‘Shakuntala’ (1943) was a big box office hit which laid a strong foundation for Rajkamal Kala Mandir. In Mumbai, the film ran for 104 weeks in Swastik theatre. In 1947, the film was released in the USA with English sub-titles. The New York Times carried the review of the film in its issue dated December 26, 1947. Among other things, the review has said:

Shakuntala has charm entirely of its own. The story – call it a fairy tale or just plain Hollywood – is strictly boy-meet-girl, forest version with inevitable reunion. The lovely background, the unabashed naivete of acting of the entire cast, the crudely rich musical score and above all the expertly flavoursome English subtitles all blend together to make Shakuntala a sturdy screen promises from our Indian friends.

Almost all the songs of the film became very popular. I recall that my mother used to often sing at least 3 songs from the film, one of which I am presenting with this article. She was singing despite the fact that she did not speak and understand Hindi at that time (in the late 1940s) in my native place. Of course, I heard her singing in my childhood only when we shifted to Mumbai in early 1950s and realised after about six decades that the songs she was singing were from ‘Shakuntala’ (1943).

‘Shakuntala’(1943) was the beginning of a long association of V Shantaram with Vasant Desai as a music director which continued till ‘Mausi’ (1958). It is said that during the making of ‘Navrang’ (1959), their relations sour leading to the separation. But his respect to his mentor, V Shantaram was so great that he did not reveal the reasons of his separation even to his family members. Later, he was recalled by V Shantaram to provide background music for ‘Geet Gaya Patharon Ne’ (1964) and as a music director for ‘Ladki Sahyadri Ki’ (1966).

10 years back, one song from the film ‘Shakuntala’ (1943) was posted on the Blog. So far, 9 songs (out of 13) from the film have been posted on the Blog, details of which are as under:

Sr. No. Song Posting Date
01 Jeewan ki naao na doley 09/06/2011
02 Kamal hai mere saamne 25/06/2011
03 Pyaari pyaari ye sukhad maatribhoomi apni 26/06/2011
04 Jhooloongi jhooloongi 30/06/2011
05 Tumhe prasann yoon dekh ke 04/05/2014
06 Chaand sa nanha aaya 06/05/2014
07 Na jaane kahaan ka ye jaadoo kiya hai 24/07/2017
08 Chali apne ghar ko Shakuntala 18/08/2018
09 Mere baba ne baat meri maan li 04/08/2019

I am presenting the 10th song, ‘ek prem ki pyaasi bani banwaasi’ from the film, sung by Amirbai Karnataki. The song is written by Ratan Piya which is set to music by Vasant Desai.

The song is picturised on Zohrabai (not to be confused with Zohrabai Ambalewaali), in the role of Menaka to seduce sage Vishwamitra to break his meditation. The song can be regarded as one of the earliest attempts of ‘honey trap’ which Lord Indra laid, fearing that with his deep ascetic practice and meditation, sage Vishwamitra would acquire enormous power to challenge the gods.

Audio

Video


Song-Ek prem ki pyaasi bani banwaasi (Shakuntala)(1943) Singer-Amirbai Karnataki, Lyrics-Ratan Piya, MD-Vasant Desai

Lyrics

aa aa aaa
aa aa aa aaa
aa aa aaa
aa aa aa aaa
ek prem ki pyaasi
ek prem ki pyaasi
bani banwaasi
ban mein tumhaare aayi
ban mein tumhaare aayi
nain khol dekh o bairaagi
nain khol dekh o bairaagi
bairaagan kya laayi
bairaagan kya laayi
aa aa aaa
aa aa aaa

main roopmayi
tum gyaanjayee
main vilaasi tum banwaasi ee
prem bina sab gyaan adhoora
prem bina sab gyaan adhoora aa
mat bhoolo sanyaasi
mat bhoolo sanyaasi
aa aa aaa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aaa
aa aa aa aa
ek prem ki pyaasi bani banwaasi
ban mein tumhaare aayi
nain khol dekh o bairaagi
bairaagan kya laayi
bairaagan kya laayi
aa aa aaaaaa


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4699 Post No. : 16391 Movie Count :

4454

Today’s song is from an unknown film – Daawat aka invitation-1943.This film falls under the II category of ” Road Closed” movies – which means, except for the information given in HFGK, no other information about the film is available anywhere, as on today. What do we do then ? Nothing. Just try to know more about whatever is available.

The film was made by Eastern Pictures, Bombay. It was directed by M.Nazir, who apparently directed only this film. However, he acted in 15 films, from Zingaro-35 to Mala-41. I found one more name, Nazir Ajmeri (5 films) as a director. Obviously he must be a different person. There were 8 songs in the film, written by lyricist Tanvir Naqvi. He was one of those people who first migrated to Pakistan after partition and then came back to India to get some work and then went back again to Pakistan for good.

Tanvir Naqvi ( real name- Syed Khursheed Ali ) was born on 16th February 1919, at Lahore. His father was a Jahagirdar and elder brother was ADC to a Nawab. Tanvir went to Persia, along with father, where he was educated in Urdu and Persian. From the age of 14 years, he started writing poetry and participated in various Mushairas. He published a book ” Suhane Sapne ‘ of his poetry. By chance, A R Kardar read it and called Tanvir to Bombay to write for his film ‘ Swami’-41 made by CIRCO.

In his next film, Nai Duniya-42, Suraiya sang his song as her First song. His films Anmol Ghadi-46 and Jugnu-47 became hits and all his songs were appreciated much. He had earned a good name. However, after the film Parda-49, he migrated to Pakistan. In 1954, K.Asif invited him to India to write songs for his film ‘Mughal E Azam’, but by that time, Naushad had built his own team and he declined to take Tanvir Naqvi. From 1954 to 1959, Tanvir did many films. He also joined S.Mohinder and wrote songs for his 7 films.

In 1959, Tanvir Naqvi shifted again to Pakistan, but this time for good. There also he wrote for many films,like Koel, Jhoomar, Salma, Gulfam,Elaan etc etc. He also wrote for Punjabi films. He had married Idaan- elder sister of actress singer Nurjehan. However,since he had no children from her, he married again and had 2 children. He died in Lahore on 1-11-1972. In India, he wrote 224 songs for 48 films. Some of his songs are popular even today.

The Music Director of this obscure film was equally obscure – Vasant Kumar Naidu. There were a number of people who came to Bombay to try their luck in films. They had hopes, skill and a will to do hard work. Such people came to Bombay from all over India. Naidu came all the way from Burma-via Madras. All could not succeed. Those with strong Luck got some God Fathers and some could get opportunities which they turned into solid performance, but some could not get any of these and remained unknown. There are strange cases where Luck just came near but eluded them leaving them empty handed.

Vasant Naidu was not only one such person, who could not become a big name, but he was also one about whom hardly any information was available anywhere. In the case of music director Vasant Kumar Naidu, no information is available in any book or on the internet. Only Pankaj Raag wrote about his films and songs in his book ‘Dhunon Ki Yatra’. This too is based on HFGK only. Luckily Ms. Sai Lakshmi and Mr. Krishna Kumar Naidu, niece and nephew of Vasant Kumar Naidu visited this Blog and left some comments on an article . I picked up this slender lead and wrote to both of them. It is to their credit that both responded promptly . They tried to provide song and film information from different sites, which I already knew. After exchanging a few mails, they sent me a newspaper cutting, announcing the passing away of Vasant Kumar Naidu, along with his photo and a copy of his death certificate. Krishna Kumar ji also gave me some information about his family. I can understand their limitations. Naidu ji died in 1951. At that time these two were very young and now there may not be any other elder who may provide information about this artist.

Anyway, earlier I had zero information, now at least I have some information about him, plus his filmography as per the HFGK. I sincerely thank Ms. Sai Lakshmi ji and Shri Krishna Kumar Naidu ji for their help.

Vasant Kumar was born on 5-6-1915. His family had settled in Burma like thousands of other South Indian families. When Burma was struggling for independence, in the 1930s, most Indians left Burma and came to India. Many went to Calcutta and many went to South India. Many families walked for around 6 months from Burma to India. Mr.Vasant Kumar’s family was one amongst them. They walked from Rangoon to Madras. The family settled in Madras for some years.

Vasant Kumar had come alone to Bombay earlier in search of a career in music. He was an instrumentalist and could play any string instruments and also harmonium. He was also very much interested in reading different languages. There were many books that he read. He was also very keen on dressing up and had several suits in those days. He joined the industry and started growing as a Music Director. He then called his mother and other siblings to live with him in Mumbai along with his eldest brother’s widow and her son. He had 4 brothers. His eldest brother expired in Madras itself. Vasant Kumar was the second eldest. He had two younger brothers as well. They all lived on Peddar Road initially. Later, he left his Peddar Road flat and moved to Parel.

Vasant Kumar thereafter lived in Parel until his passing away on 16-10-1951.

Vasant Kumar got married in Madras. This marriage was arranged by his mother. Eventually his other brothers also got married. All three brothers and their wives stayed under the same roof in Parel in a joint family which was headed and supported monetarily by Vasant Kumar ji. His younger brother, the late Mr. Pandurang Naidu was also working towards a career in music. He became a musician (played banjo and mandolin). Vasant Kumar ji taught several string instruments to his brother, Pandurang ji. His youngest brother, the late Mr. Sreenivasn Naidu, became a composer at a later stage of his life for the Indian Railways Music Academy (Central Railway Cultural Academy).

Vasant Kumar is survived by his only daughter, Mrs. Pramila Naidu, who is now a widow. She lives in Pune with her grown up children. Pramila ji was around 5 years old when her father passed away. She has vague memories of her father. It is sad to see her struggling now financially. She continues to give tuition at the age of 70 to make her living. She lawfully owns 3 flats in Parel, Mumbai but the 3rd generation of the family has occupied these flats and are not willing to vacate. This property is now worth in crores. The cousins of Pramila ji have gotten together and have filed a lawsuit against these 3rd generation greedy family members. The lawsuit has been going on now for the past 3 years.

When luck is not in your favour, any amount of hard work, efforts or support from influential persons does not work. This is amply proved by what happened in Naidu’s case. Naidu, before starting as an independent composer and even later, for some time, was an assistant to Anil Biswas. To help Naidu establish, Anilda sometimes used to put a word to known people for him as M.D.

Anilda knew Harishchandra Rao kadam very well. When he decided to become a Producer and make a film “Sukhi Jeevan”, Anilda met him and took a promise from him to make Naidu the MD for that film.

Harishchandra Rao wanted Master Bhagwan as the film’s Director. Bhagwan agreed but put a condition that C.Ramchandra be made the MD for this film. Rao told him about Anilda and the promise given for Naidu. Bhagwan refused his film if C.Ramchandra was not made MD. To solve this problem, Anilda was called and after discussing with all, he withdrew his demand for Naidu. Thus Naidu lost and C.Ramchandra got his first Hindi film ” Sukhi Jeevan”-42 , to start his career ! ( from the book ” Ek Albela” by Isak Mujawar).

Vasant Kumar started his career in 1939 by giving music to films ‘Thunder’ and ‘Pakke Badmash’. Till 1947, he composed music for 22 films, as per the HFGK. He sang 1 song as a duet with Khan Mastana for the film ‘Mere Sajan’ (1941). He has composed 160 songs in these 22 films. His filmography, as per the Geet Kosh, is ‘Thunder’ (1939), ‘Pakke Badmash’ (1939), ‘Rangeela Jawaan’ (1940), ‘Jung-e-Azadi’ (1940), ‘Desh Bhakt’ (1940), ‘Suhaana Geet’ (1941), ‘Meri Khwaish’ (1941), ‘Mere Saajan’ (1941), ‘Lehri Jawaan’ (1941), ‘Lala ji’ (1942), ‘Call Of Youth’ (1942), ‘Maata’ (1942), ‘Watan Ki Pukaar’ (1943), ‘Nai Zindagi’ (1943), ‘Mohabbat Ki Jeet (1943), ‘Daawat’ (1943), ‘Circus Girl’ (1943), ‘Bhaagta Bhoot’ (1943), ‘Beda Paar’ (1944), ‘Shaahi Khazaana’ (1946), ‘Chamkati Bijli’ (1946) and ‘Toote Dil’ (1947).

Unfortunately, Vasant Kumar got mostly B and C stunt and action films for composing the music. Big banners like National Studios gave him an opportunity with the film ‘Lala ji’ (1942), in which he got many songs sung by Anil Biswas, Kusum Mantri, and Vatsala Kumthekar. However such films came to him only as an exception, therefore his exposure to audiences was limited and his name did not gain any fame. Actually, many big, well known and popular singers have sung for him.

However, without a mentor, God Father or the support of a big banner, it became impossible for Vasant Kumar to grow further. During the transition period of 1947-48, when many composers migrated to Pakistan, the existing big composers made their positions solid. Thus smaller composers never got any opportunity to benefit from the void created by the exit of composers. This was the case of many small-time composers like him.

Today’s song is a duet by Rajkumari and G M Durrani. This rare song comes from Shri Abhay Jain ji (US) and was uploaded by Sadanand Kamath ji for me. Thanks to both. With this song, film Daawat-43 makes its Debut on this Blog.


Song- Nain se nain milaaye aao (Daawat)(1943) Singers- G M durrani, Rajkumari, Lyricist- Tanveer Naqvi, MD- Vasant Kumar Naidu
Both

Lyrics

Nain se nain milaaye aao
Nain se nain milaaye aao
Man ko man se taulen aen aen
Man ko man se taulen

nindiya ban kar do nainon mein
sapnon ke pat kholen aen aen
nindiya ban kar do nainon mein
sapnon ke pat kholen

nain se nain milaaye aao
Man ko man se taulen aen aen
Man ko man se taulen

main raat gaye ka sapna
main raat gaye ka sapna
main saanjh bhaye ki dhool
saanjh bhaye ki dhool
main pawan ki sheetal ??
main pawan ki sheetal ??

main bhor bhaye ka roop
main bhor bhaye ka roop
ye bhed kabhi na kholen aen
bhed kabhi na kholen
Man ko man se taulen aen aen
Man ko man se taulen

main kali banoon bagiyaa mein chatkoon
kunj kunj mehkaaun
main kali banoon bagiyaa mein chatkoon
kunj kunj mehkaaun

main bhannwra ban kar it ut doolon
door door ho aaun
door door ho aaun
aur munh se kuchh na bolen
aur munh se kuchh na bolen
Man ko man se taulen aen aen
Man ko man se taulen


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4677 Post No. : 16354 Movie Count :

4441

During 1966-72, I used to watch one Hindi film almost every week-end. I had only two main criteria for selecting a film. First, I should be able to procure a ticket without a long queue either in advance or current booking. Second, the film should be from a good banner which meant that ‘B’ and ‘C’ grade films were out of my reckoning.

‘Aradhana’ (1969) was one such films which fitted my criteria. I watchedit in a theatre during the first week of its release. There was no problem in booking the ticket as Rajesh Khanna had not become a ‘phenomenon’ at that time, a term which one of the film magazines had used for him after the success of this film. While I was acquainted with the names of most of the main actors, the actor who had done the role of Sharmila Tagore’s father was a new face for me. His performance as a distressed father whose daughter has become a widow, carrying her fiancé’s child before formally getting married, had remained embedded in my mind with the song, safal hogi teri araadhana playing in the background. It was after a few months that I came to know that the actor in that role was Pahadi Sanyal, a name that I heard for the first time. Now this sounds surprising for me.

It was a sort of paradox that while I was not aware of Pahadi Sanyal as an actor in 1969, I was acquainted with his daughter, Luku Sanyal who was a lecturer in English literature in my college (K C College, Churchgate) during my college days in 1966-69. It was only when she started reading news in English on Doordarshan, Mumbai in 1972 that I came to know that she was the daughter of Pahadi Sanyal.

It took me another four decades to know that Pahadi Sanyal was also a good singer. That was after I joined the Blog sometime in 2011.

Pahadi Sanyal (22/02/1906 – 10/02/1974) and K L Saigal were contemporaries in New Theatres, both of them starting their filmy career almost the same year (1932). Apart from Bengali, Pahadi Sanyal was fluent in Hindi, Urdu and English. This qualified him to work as a singer-actor in most of the bilingual films (Bangla and Hindi) produced by New Theatres during 1933-40. The bilingual films included ‘Rajrani Meera’ (1933), ‘Chandidas’ (1934), Dhoop Chhaaon’ (1935), ‘Devdas’ (1935), ‘Karorepati’ (1936), ‘Vidyapati’ (1937), ‘Adhikar’ (1938), ‘Sapera’ (1939), ‘Haar-Jeet’ (1940). He also acted and rendered songs in ‘Yahudi Ki Ladki’ (1933) and ‘Kaarwaan-E-Hayat’ (1935). In some of these films, Pahari Sanyal worked with K L Saigal and also rendered songs with him.

Despite being a trained musician and singer in Hindustani classical music from the prestigious Marris College of Music, Lucknow, Pahadi Sanyal had to work under the shadow of K L Saigal whose songs were very popular and thus sure shots for the box office success of the films. I have seen many films of Pahadi Sanyal and K L Saigal working together and there is no doubt that K L Saigal was a better singer than Pahadi Sanyal. But when it comes to acting I felt that latter’s acting calibre was higher than that of K L Saigal.

After completing ‘Saugandh’ (1942), Pahadi Sanyal shifted his base to Mumbai in 1942. During his Mumbai stint, he acted in ‘Saheli’ (1942), ‘Sharaafat’ (1943), ‘Inkaar’ (1943), Mohabbat’ (1943), ‘Anban’ (1944), ‘Paristan’ (1944), ‘Kadambari’ (1944), ‘Preet’ (1945), ‘Malan’ (1946), ‘Milan’ (1946) among others. He was a lead actor in many of the films in the 1940s in Mumbai and he sang for himself in all these films.

Some time in the late 1940s, Pahadi Sanyal went back to Kolkata and worked in Bangla films but often visited Mumbai to work in Hindi films in the 1950s and 60s. By early 1950s, Pahadi Sanyal had started doing character roles.

While writing articles under the series ‘Hindi Songs in Bangla Films’ for the Blog, I had occasion to watch many Bangla films and Pahadi Sanyal had acted in some of these films. His role as a Psychiatrist in ‘Deep Jeley Jai’ (1959) was noteworthy for his long monologues with few dialogues delivered in chaste English. I have also seen its Hindi remake, ‘Khamoshi’ (1969) in which Nazir Hussain played the role of Psychiatrist but in my view, he was a shade lower in performance than the one by Pahari Sanyal.

In ‘Uttar Falguni’ (1963) and its Hindi remake, ‘Mamta’ (1966), Pahari Sanyal had a small role of a prosecution lawyer. Here he was pitted against the defence lawyer, Bikash Roy/Ashok Kumar. It was an interesting dual of natural actors in the court room to watch. In ‘Alor Pipasa’ (1959), Pahari Sanyal played the role of a senior doctor who tells the story of a mujra singer to his junior doctor (Asit Baran) who turns out be the mujra singer’s son. The narration of the story in a flash back mode by the senior doctor in tight to medium close-up shots shows the confidence the director of the film on the ability of Pahadi Sanyal to give effective facial expressions along with smooth dialogue delivery. In Bangla cinema, some of the character actors like Pahadi Sanyal and Chhabi Biswas, thanks to their acting prowess, commanded status almost equal to that of the lead actors. There are some more such Bangla films where Pahadi Sanyal has given memorable performance even in small roles.

During the 4 decades of his filmy career, Pahadi Sanyal worked in 56 Hindi films and almost an equal number of Bangla films. In addition, he also worked in an English film, ‘The Householder’ (1963).

As a singer in Hindi films, Pahadi Sanyal was active from 1933 to 1946 during which time, he rendered about 50 songs as an actor-singer. His last Hindi film song appears to be wo kahen aap ki do chaah ka inaam mujhe from ‘Milan’ (1946).

About a week back, I uploaded a rare song from the film ‘Mohabbat’ (1943) ‘tum shyaam badariya main hoon mor’ rendered by Pahadi Sanyal which I am presenting here. The film was directed by Phani Majumdar. Shanta Apte and Pahadi Sanyal were in the lead roles in the film with the supporting cast of Jagdish Sethi, Sunalini Devi, K C Dey, Yashodhara Katjoo, S Nazir etc.

There were 10 songs in the film which were set to music by Hari Prasanna Das. Except for Meera Bai bhajan, the lyricist/s for remaining 9 songs are unattributed.

With this song, ‘Mohabbat’ (1943) makes its debut on the Blog.

Audio Clip:

Song-Tum shyam badariya main hoon mor (Mohabbat)(1943) Singer-Pahadi Sanyal, Lyrics-Unknown, MD-Hari Prasanna Das

Lyrics

tum shyaam badariyaa
badariyaa
main hoon mo…r
tum shyaam badariyaa
badariyaa
main hoon mo…r
tum shyaam badariyaa
tum chaand kiran ho
tum chaand kiran ho
main hoon chakor
tum shyaam badariyaa
badariyaa
main hoon mor
tum shyaam badariyaa

ek praan hai do hain kaaya
ek praan hai do hain kaaya
bandhi preet ki dor
bandhi preet ki do…..r
tum shyaam badariyaa
badariyaa
main hoon mo….r
tum shyaam badariyaa


aa haa
tum jal ki chanchal dhaara
main uska ek kinaara
tum jal ki chanchal dhaara
main uska ek kinaara
jeewan pathh mein sang sang dolen
jeewan pathh mein sang sang dolen
chale ek hi ore
chale ek hi ore
tum shyaam badariyaa
badariyaa
main hoon mo….r
tum shyaam badariyaa

hum tum donon do panchhi hain aen
hum tum donon do panchhi hain
uden aen gagan ki ore
dekhen kitni door hai
apni iss duniya ka chhor
dekhen kitni door hai
apni iss duniya ka chho..r
tum shyaam badariyaa
badariyaa
main hoon mo…r
tum shyaam badariyaa
badariyaaaaa


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4662 Post No. : 16331 Movie Count :

4433

Today’s song is from the film Talash-1943. This is one of those films, about which hardly any information is available on the net or in any book. But thank God, at least credits for all the important departments like Banner, Director, MD, Lyricist and all the star cast names are available in HFGK.

There are few films about which, except their titles and year of censoring, nothing else is known, not on the internet, in any book or even in HFGK. Just for example, in the year 1943 itself you have films like “Pati pooja”, “Magic of South India”, and “Andhi Duniya”, for which the page space is blank- no information at all except the Banner’s name. Since 1931, almost all years till at least 1960, one can find such films in HFGK.

Film Talash-43 was a Stunt film and its cast was full of the usual artistes who featured in such C grade action films. The cast shows the names of Benjamin, Leela Pawar, Ranibala, Sadiq, Dalpat, Faqir Muhammed, Nazira, Shyamsundar, Jahangir, Meherbano, Roopa etc.

I have no idea who this actor Benjamin was, but he featured in stunt and action films from mid 30’s to mid 40’s. All the other names are familiar. There were 8 songs in the film and the singers included Kalyani Bai, Zohrabai ( this was the first time Zohrabai sang for a film’s Heroine in a solo and a duet-thanks to Khan Mastana, the MD), Nalini Rao, Shyamsundar and Khan Mastana – the MD himself. it was a common matter that usually the Music Director also sang a few songs in the film – if he was a singer, which most early era MDs were.

In this singers’ list there are 2 names which fall into the “Same Name Confusion” category. One was Kalyani bai and the other was Shyamsundar.

As far as Shyamsundar is concerned, he was different from Music Director Shyam Sunder (Gabba) and he continued to sing in films till 1955, well after the demise of MD Shyamsunder in 1952, confirming that he was a different person. I have written earlier also about him. Kalyani bai and Kalyani Das were singers who operated in same period in Calcutta and Bombay and both sang in films made in both cities, so the scope of confusion was plenty. However, there was a distinct time slot for their operation in singing.

Kalyani Bai (1920-2009) (real name – Zarina) was an actor-singer who was trained in classical singing. She sang khayal, thumri and ghazals for All India Radio and recorded such genre of songs for HMV. This led her to a filmy career in Calcutta in 1934 as an actor-singer. After some struggle, she was employed with New Theatres and she acted in films like ‘Anaath Ashram’ (1937), ‘Mukti’ (1937), and ‘President’ (1937) in which she also sang some songs for herself.

In 1937, Kalyani Bai left New Theatres and joined Ranjit Movietone in Bombay (Mumbai). Her first film with Ranjit Movietone was ‘Toofaani Toli’ (1937). In the 40s, she appeared to have become a freelancer, although I find that she worked in more films directed by VM Vyas of Sunrise Films than other banners. She was one of the singers in the famous All-Women qawwali in the film Zeenat-1945. Her last film as an actor-singer was ‘Ghar’ (1945). However, she lent her voice for other actresses in films released during 1947-54. She also acted in small roles in a few films of the 1970s and probably early 80s. She later married Seth Chirauddin Bakar. She had 2 sons and a daughter from him. She retired and settled in Bombay. She died on 1-10-2009.

Kalyani Das was a playback singer who started her career in Hindi films from Calcutta with PC Barua’s ‘Jawaab’ (1942) and ended her playback singing career in Hindi films with ‘Iran Ki Ek Raat’ (1949). She also sang for a few films made in Bombay. To the best of my knowledge, she did not act in any films.

It is not so difficult to segregate ‘Kalyanis’ as both of them worked in Calcutta at different times. Kalyani Bai worked in films produced in Calcutta up to 1937 whereas Kalyani Das commenced her playback singing career from Calcutta from 1942 onward. She mostly worked for music director Kamal Dasgupta (8 out of 11 Hindi films in which she was playback singer). She sang 37 songs in 11 films….Jawab-42, meghdoot-45, Kurukshetra-45, Zameen Aasmaan-46, Prem ki Duniya-46, Bindiya-46, Manmaani-47, Giribala-47, Faisla-47, Swayamsidha-49 and Iran ki ek raat-49.

The third name which had a potential of ‘Same name Confusion’ was NALINI. In the period from the 30’s to 50’s, there were several ‘Nalini’s operating same time, as actresses and singers. They were Nalini Tarkhud, Nalini Jaywant, Nalini Nagpurkar, Nalini Borkar, Nalini Dhere, Nalini Gupte, Nalini Saraf(Seema), Nalini Chonkar, Nalini Rao and Nalini Korgaonkar. However, the problem of ‘ Same Name Confusion’ never arose for any ‘ Nalini’. The simple reason was- all of them were Marathi artistes and as per their custom, they always used their Surnames to make distinction between other ‘Nalini’s. Hence SNC rarely involved Marathi artistes. The other example of this was Shanta Apte, Shanta Hublikar, Shanta Mujumdar, Shanta Kumari and Shantarin.

One peculiar thing about film Talash-43 was that the Director and lyricist of the film was same – A Kareem. (another such example was Kidar Sharma). There were few artistes in the Film Industry who were ‘all- rounders’. These artistes achieved excellence in many departments of film making. A. Kareem was one such artiste. He was brother of Music Director Ghulam Mohammed. He was an Actor, Producer, Director, Composer, Lyricist, writer, screenplay and dialogue writer and a Costume designer ! In my opinion, he can be compared with only Badri Prashad, who was Actor, Producer, Director, Composer, Singer, Character artiste and a Choreographer too !..

In the early era, there were many such artistes who did many things-sometimes out of necessity or compulsion or to sustain jobs. But they were known for ONE main activity. Similarly A. Kareem was known as a Lyricist. He started his career with Aaj ki Duniya-40 as an actor. He also acted in Jagat mohini-40, Meri Khwaish-041, and Circus ki Sundari-41. He wrote s/p and dialogues, with P L Santoshi for films Circus ki sundari-41 and Bombay Calling-42. He composed music for 5 stunt films like Kashmir ki kali-46, Toofani Teerandaz-47,Atom Bomb-47, Dhoomketu-49 and Maya Mahal-49. He had composed 35 songs.

He directed 13 films like Kalakar-42, Talash-43, Badmash-44, Jeewan swapna-46, Parbat ki Rani-48, Rangeele Musafir-50, Josh-50, Gazab-51, Char chand-53, Maharani-57, Mehfil-57, Tilasmi Duniya-62 and Mehbooba-65.

As a Costume designer he worked for Naya Daur-57, Dil apna aur Preet Parayee-60, Mere Mehboob-63,Kaajal-65, Main vohi hoon-66 and Dastak-70. As a Lyricist his most famous song was Talat’s “Hai ye vohi aasman, aur vohi zameen, par meri Taqdeer ka ab vo zamana nahin “. He wrote 146 songs in 20 films.

Nowadays, it is impossible to find such All rounders in the film industry.

Today’s song is a solo song sung by Kalyani Bai, composed by Khan Mastana. With this song, film Talash-43 makes its Debut on the Blog.


Song- Kuchh peena kuchh pilaana (Talaash)(1943) Singer-Kalyani bai, Lyricist- A Kareem, MD- Khan Mastana

Lyrics

lalalalalala
kuchh peena
kuchh pilaana aa aa aa
kuchh peena
kuchh pilaana
kuchh peena
aaya hai samaa suhaana
aaya hai samaa suhaana
kuchh peena
kuchh pilaana
kuchh peena
kuchh pilaana
kuchh peena
kuchh pilaana

main bech rahi hoon jawaani
haan aan aan
main bech rahi hoon jawaani
jiska mol hai paani paani
jiska mol hai paani
koi aankhon ka jhhuthhaana
koi aankhon ka jhhuthhaana
lalalala
kuchh peena
kuchh pilaana
kuchh peena
kuchh pilaana
kuchh peena

zindagi khatm na ho jaaye tarakki teri
zindagi khatm na ho jaaye tarakki teri
is qadar pee ke na baaqi rahe hasti teri
is qadar pee ke na baaqi rahe hasti teri

ang ang se joban chhalke
ang ang se joban chhalke
do nainon se madira chhalke
do nainon se madira chhalke
usko na bekaaar ganwaana
usko na bekaaar ganwaana
usko na bekaaar ganwaana
usko na bekaaar ganwaana
laalalalala
kuchh peena
kuchh pilaana
kuchh peena
kuchh pilaaaaaana


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4586 Post No. : 16205 Movie Count :

4409

Today’s song is from an obscure and unknown film of the early 40s, which is making its debut on this Blog. The film is Rahgeer-43. Rahgeer means Pathik or a Traveller. No information is available about this film anywhere, except what is provided in HFGK.

1943 was an year in which the IInd world war was in full swing. Both sides were almost equal. The effects of the war on India were… it faced the infamous Bengal Famine, caused by the war profiteering. Controls on film production were tightened by the Government. I.P.T.A. became operative with its first staged p0lay ‘ Nibanna’. Film Kismet became one of the biggests Hits ever. V.Shantaram’s Rajkamal Kalamandir debuted with Shakuntala, so did Mehboob with his film Najma. Government made showing of Newsreel before any film mandatory. Film Raj Nartaki’s english version The Court Dancer was exhibited in the USA, first time for an Indian film.

1943 produced 105 Hindi films, the highest number during the war years, 1939 to 1945. Many landmark and musical films appeared in this year giving a respite to the war torn audience of Indian Cinema. Let us take a look at some of these films.

Film Bhaichara had music by the only other ” Sursagar” musician – Himangshu Dutt ( the more well known being the singer Jagmohan Sursagar). C. Ramchandra had his first musical hit with film Bhakta Raj, made by Jayant Desai productions. Film Gauri from Ranjit became Monica Desai’s first Hindi film in Bombay. It was a very successful film with songs by Khemchand Prakash, based on Bangla Folk tunes. Kanan Devi gave some sweet songs in the film Hospital, under Kamal Dasgupta’s baton.

Bombay Talkies film Hamari Baat was the last film in which Devika Rani acted. Anil Biswas was the composer. Music Director Khurshid Anwar brought Gauhar Sultana from Lucknow to sing some songs in the film Ishara. Naushad'[s musical film Kanoon had some good Suraiya and Shyam duets. Film Kashinath was Nitin Bose’s last film in New Theatres, after he developed differences with B.N.Sircar.

Anil Biswas gave his career best musical Hit film ” Kismet”- the longest running film from Bombay Talkies. Nurjehan’s musical film Nadaan was popular with songs from composer K.Datta. Director Mehboob made his first film Najma, under his own banner Mehboob productions. Yet one more musical from Naushad- film Namaste. At last a musical hit for composer S.N.Tripathi- Panghat from prakash Pictures. Rajkumari Shukla sang her only Hindi song in this film.. (the film was remade as Chitchor-1976).

Film Paraya Dhan had music by Bengal’s famous musician Gyan Prakash Ghosh. Deena Pathak sang her only 2 songs in this film as Deena Sanghavi. Ghulam Haider makes merry again with Shamshad hit songs in film Poonji from pancholi, Lahore. Minerva Movietone blockbuster prithvi Vallabh had 5 songs from menakabai Shirodkar.

One more superhit film – Ram Rajya from Prakash Pictures had very good songs from composer Shankar Rao Vyas. Saraswati Rane gave 2 melodious songs. Yashwant joshi and Yashwant Nikam sang the famous song ” Bharat ki ek Sannari ki katha”. Ram Rajya had also a distinction as the only Hindi film that was seen by Mahatma Gandhi, on 2-6-1944.
( before this Gandhi had seen ” Mission to Moscow-43′ an English film, in Wardha, according to The Hindu (Kathmandu Ed.) dt.8-2-2010). The film had early songs by Manna Dey also. Naushad in full swing with his 3rd Musical Sanjog, where Suraiya gave playback to Mehtab, the Heroine. Vasant Desai gave excellent songs in hit film Shakuntala by V.Shantaram.

In presence of so many hit and musical films an ordinary film Rahgeer was nowhere to be counted. The film was directed by A.Rashid, for whom this was his first film as a Director. Later on he directed 3 more films- Airmail-46, Daulat ke liye-47 and Bulbul-51, for which he wrote some lyrics also. Hafiz Khan Mastan gave music and also acted in it. His case is a ” Rags to Riches to Rags” story.

Hafiz Khan was born in 1917 in Agra. His father Ustad Wahid Khan, from Etawah Gharana, was a famous musician. He sent his two sons, Hafiz and Aziz, to his elder brother Ustad Inayat Khan at Calcutta to learn Sitar. However, both brothers were more interested in film music than learning Sitar.

Ustaad Waheed Khan was a well known and respected player of Sitar and Surbahar. His place in the Etawah Gharana was high up. He had 3 sons. Bande Hassan,Hafiz khan and Aziz Khan. Waheed khan was very keen that his sons should continue his profession,earn a name and shine in classical music of Etawah Gharana. He thought working for music in films was below their dignity and a shame. Bande Hassan specialised in vocal music and became a famous qawali exponent. Second son Hafiz khan,after initial training in classical music turned to film singing,without father’s knowledge. Not only that,he also accepted the pen name of Mastana-awarded by composer Meer Sahib- to hide his identity from father. The third son Aziz Khan also went the film way,using the name Aziz Hindi sometimes.

Though Aziz Khan did not continue his family profession,he ensured that his son Pervez took the training and became an International Sitarist,settling in USA. Even son of Pervez- Shakir became a famous Sitarist. he continues the Etawah gharana tradition now.

Hafiz came to Bombay in the mid 30s and sang a song in the film Bahadur Kisan-1938, music by Meer Saheb. Meer Saheb took him to Minerva and he was employed as a singer. He sang in films like Talaq-38, Jailor-38, Main haari-40 and Sikandar-41. Looking at his jolly nature, Meer Saheb gave him the name Mastana and he became Khan Mastana. Later in his professional life, he wrote Khan Mastana as a singer and Hafiz Khan as a MD.

As a Composer he started with Wasiyat-40, then came Virginia-40, Akela-41, Muqabla, 42, Raahgir-43, Neelam-45 etc. In all, he gave music to 29 films, composing 215 songs. As a singer, he sang 152 songs in 83 films. He also acted in 9 films and directed 1 film- Paramount-41. As a singer he last sang in the film Nek Khatoon-1959 and as a composer his last film was Gunehgaar-53. As an actor his last film was Shikarpuri-47.

Khan Mastana became quite rich. He had 5 flats in Bombay. He had a professional competition with singer G.M.Durrani. It is alleged that once Khan Mastana tried to make Durrani eat a ” Pan ” laced with Sindoor(mercury), so that he can never ever sing again. However, Durrani suspected and vomited immediately. Later, when its analysis was done, the fact came out. Anyway, thanks to Durrani, he did not make it a public issue. Only 17 years after Khan Mastana’s death, Durrani spilled the beans, but did not take Khan Mastana’s name, even then. Only his close friends knew this.

When Mastana was at the height of fame and work, he was invited by the Prince of Hyderabad State to teach music to his Begum. Due to some reason, the Prince became angry with Mastana and he was kept captive for a long time in Hyderabad.

By the time he returned to Bombay. The film industry had changed a lot. Many new singers had appeared. The music pattern had also changed. Khan found it difficult to get singing assignments. However, he continued to compose music. When the bad times continued, he had to sell all his flats, cars etc. He became so poor, that he had to beg near the Mahim Masjid. He also started drinking and taking drugs. Once Naushad saw him there. He tried to help him but drinking had spoiled him completely. Finally he died on 6-3-1972. One of his sons was still begging near the Masjid.

There was a time when in the film Laila Majnu-45, he was the main singer and Rafi was in Chorus. When the bad days came , in the film Laila Majnu (incomplete), Rafi was the main singer and Mastana was in the Chorus ! That is Destiny !!

Today’s song is by Amirbai Karnataki. The song and the tune is quite good. With this song, film Rahgeer-43 makes its Debut on this Blog.


Song-Apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai (Raahgeer)(1943) Singer- Amirbai Karnataki, Lyricist- Shevan Rizvi, MD-Hafiz Khan Mastana

Lyrics

Apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai
apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai
aankhon mein diye gham ke
daaman pe deewaali hai
aankhon mein diye gham ke
daaman pe deewaali hai
apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai
apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai

aankhon mein abhi se kyun
aansoo ye chale aaye
aankhon mein abhi se kyun
aansoo ye chale aaye
hamne to abhi dil se
hamne to abhi dil se
ik faans nikaali hai
hamne to abhi dil se
ik faans nikaali hai
apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai
apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai

gurbat ke zamaane ki
purdard kahaani ye
gurbat ke zamaane ki
purdard kahaani ye
sah daali magar phir bhi
sah daali magar phir bhi
ik baat chhupaani hai
sah daali magar phir bhi
ik baat chhupaani hai
apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai
apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai

rote hain zamaane ke
hansne ke liye ??
rote hain zamaane ke
hansne ke liye ??
soorat bhi kabhi roki
ab hamne zamaane se
soorat bhi kabhi roki
ab hamne zamaane se
apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai
aankhon mein diye gham ke
daaman pe deewaali hai
aankhon mein diye gham ke
daaman pe deewaali hai


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4570 Post No. : 16174 Movie Count :

4405

Today’s song is a rare song from a C grade Stunt film-Khooni Laash-43. This film was made by Amrit pictures. The name of Producer or the Director of this film is not mentioned in HFGK. This is one of the several problems of the C grade Stunt/ Action films, made on shoestring budgets. Most times the film booklet was not issued and in maximum cases the song records were also not issued commercially. In some films, selected songs are available on records. In the cast also only 4 names are given. The music director was K.Narayan Rao.

K. Narayan Rao is known to be a composer of C grade action/stunt films. No book or Encyclopedia gives information about his Bio data. All the information is available only via the HFGK only.

The first film of K Narayan Rao seems to be Madari Mohan-40, where he joined hands with another composer Prof. B R Deodhar. In 1943 he gave music to Pistolwali,Khazanchi Ka beta,Khooni Laash and Duniya Deewani.In 44,it was Lehri Cameraman and Qatil. In 46,he gave music to Royal mail, Khooni, Reporter, Maaf Kijiyega and Dhokebaaz. In 47-Extra Girl, Chabuk sawar and Sher E Bangal. In 48-Bahadur Naresh, Jungle Goddess, and white Face. 1949-Jagriti, Nakli Baap, Chunnu Munnu and Billi. 1950- Meri Asha and Meherbani. Then in 1959 came his last film with Lacchhiram- Hazar Pariyan. Thus he gave music to 25 films, but not even one film was a Hit, nor was any of his songs famous.

People like Narayan Rao reflect the kind of artistes that were used in C grade films. The audience of such films was typical. They were not worried about the film story or the songs. All that they looked for was sensational dangerous stunts, fighting, a little raw comedy and a reasonably good looking Heroine. With these basic requirements, stunt films did not need well known actors, MDs, Directors or story writers. These films touched the baser emotions of the audience which was generally the lower strata of the society, daily earners and uneducated lot.

Most of us like to see films, be it on a TV, in a cinema hall, or through DVD. Some like old films, some like new films.

Did you ever see films like, Khooni Khanzar, Dagabaj Doctor, Shaitaan ka paash, Char chakram, Daku Rani Talwarwali, Jaadu ka dandaa, Zinda Laash, Revolver Rani, Sindbad-Alladin-Alibaba, Flying man, Fighter Sheela, Khooni Darinda, Tarzan aur Jadugar, Tarzan aur Jadui Chiraag, Golden Gang, Murde ki jaan khatare mein,or Jadui putli ?

I bet none of these movie names have been even heard by you ever. These were all STUNT FILMS or in other words ‘C’ grade films.

In India I really wonder how the classification or Grading of films was done, or who was the person or the body authorised to do it. Censor Certificates do not label A B or C grades at all. Then how does this happen ?

My guess is that films are graded on 2 counts- One, The cost of production or Budget and the class of stars in it and Two, The class of people for whom the film is made or directed, like the Rich, middle and the Poor class. Whatever the basis, there is a very thin line between A and B grade films, while between these two and the C grade films, the line is very Bold and thick indeed !

Stunt films, Costume films, fantasy films and purely Religious films were normally treated as C grade films. These film did not carry any prestige, the actors working in them were exclusive to C grade films, the production values and the budget was quite low and most important, they were ALWAYS shown in theatres situated in older parts of the town, single screens, or only for Morning shows or in Theatres generally frequented by lower strata of society.

A person seeing/loving or craving for such films was generally considered a ‘Low’ creature and a person with ‘child brain’.

In India ,this was the fate of C grade films. Actually these films had everything that A and B grade films had, like, story, songs, dances, fights etc, but still, the treatment given to handling of the story etc in the films was very poor or lacking in expertise.

Stunts have improved, Technology has evolved but the participation of Zippy the Monkey, Tiger the Horse, Moti the Dog, parrots, snakes and khatara cars named Rolls Royce ki beti and Austin ki Bachhi is missing ! The contribution of Fearless Nadia in making Stunt films popular can not be denied, but then she had the backing of companies like Wadia Movietone, Basant Pictures, Ranjit, Sagar, National etc. When you read the stories of these films please don’t employ Logic or common sense to it.
This was a different world altogether. The set of actors was fixed, many times the composers were unheard of or they were known composers now in bad shape, the Directors were typical and the production houses were exclusive to churn out such films.

It is, nevertheless, a fact that many well known and famous actors and actresses of the 40s and 50s evolved from the stunt films of yore. Examples are Jairaj or Master Bhagwan.Can you believe that this roly-poly Bhagwan dada was a great body-builder when he started in stunt films in the late 20s and 30s ? Lalita Pawar(Amboo), Madhuri, Rampyari, Miss Moti, Sabita Devi, and Sulochana (Ruby Myers) are some female examples who graduated to Social films via Stunt films.

C grade films were those films which were made by not so famous banners, almost unknown actors directors and composers. Usually C grade films used to be action/stunt films, made on shoestring budgets, having a fixed storyline resembling Tarzan, Hercules or Hollywood action films of Robin Hood, with the background of a jungle, Tribal people, King-Queen-wicked Vazir and similar stories.

C grade films were always quickies, made on shoe-string budgets. During the late 30s and 40s, Master Bhagwan action films used to be completed in about Rs. 50,000 only- including studio rent, sets, artistes’ fees and other expenses. C grade films had a captive audience comprising factory workers, daily wagers, Low grade earners and students. However, such films used to rake in big profits to the film makers. Therefore, even top class banners sometimes made C grade films, to make up their losses in big film flops.

There were certain production houses specialised and thriving on such films, like Paramount films, Jagriti films, Mohan pictures, Wadia Movietone etc etc. The actors and actresses of such films were fixed. Since the studio system was in vogue, the film studios usually had their actors and directors fixed. Music directors were of no consequence, so anybody would do. Well known composers like C.Ramchandra used to take another name while composing music for C grade action films. Music assistants of famous composers used to give music to such films. Well known composers falling on bad days also gave music to such films. C grade films rarely made Commercial records for their film songs, so such songs are a real rarity even with big collectors.

Some common and regular names one found in Action/Stunt films are, Nadia, Boman Irani, Sayani, Bilimoria bros, Cooper sisters, Zohra Khatun, Ameena Khatun, Khatun Bai, Prakash, Adjania, Noorjehan (sr.), Moosa Pehelwan, Vasantrao Pehelwan, Baburao Pehelwan, Marutirao Pehelwan, Azim bhai, Basheer, Ali, Bachha, Chandra Rao, Harishchandra Rao, Shankar Rao, Master Bhagwan, Mirajkar, Jamshed, John Cavas, Lalita Pawar, Navin chandra…and many such names.

Barring a few names like Lalita Pawar, Bhagwan, Nadia etc, all the other action film actors remained unknown. No one knows anything about them.Actors like Baburao pehelwan, Marutirao Pehelwan ( He was the Hero in the First Gujarati Talkie film ‘ Narsi Mehta ‘), Chandra Rao, Sayani etc were quite famous in their times, but except their Filmography (thanks to HFGK), nothing more is known about them. All of them ended with only mere names !

Sometimes Gems were found in these C grade films. Remember the famous qawali- Hamen to loot liya mil ke husn walon ne- which had the honour of becoming the prestigious 5000th song in this Blog ? This was from a C grade film- AL HILAL-58

In my young age I was fond of stunt films and used to travel to theatres in Old city of Hyderabad, to watch films featuring Kamran (father of famous choreographer and Director Farah khan and Director, comedian, Anchor Sajid Khan), Naazi, Bhagwan and many such actors.” Adventures of captain marvel and Trip to the Moon” were my favourites from Hollywood’s Republic Serial productions.

In the 50s and 60s,some respectability to these stunt films was brought by actors like Mahipal, Ranjan, Dara Singh, Azad, Hemant Birje etc. The set of Heroines was also set to Mumtaz, Tabassum,Vijaya Chaudhary, Indira, Nishi etc. Mumtaz started with Stunts and graduated to greater heights and was counted in Top actresses of her days. Costume and Stunt films like Baaz, Insaniyat and Azaad etc were made respectable by the stars acting in them.Interestingly, some famous actresses like Meena Kumari, Shobhana Samarth,Nirupa Roy, etc had acted in stunt C grade films initially.

Over a period the picture changed and nowadays every alternate film has breath-taking stunts done by almost all top Heroes, thanks to SFX, of course !

I am not aware about the film’s story or other details. The cast shown in HFGK is Baburao (Pehalwan), Shanta Rin, E.Bilimoria and Ali. Obviously Eddie Bilimoria was the hero and Shanta Rin must have been the Heroine. Dinshaw and Eddie Billimoria were the brothers who were active from silent films upto films of 50’s decade through the Talkie era, but they always featured in C grade films and hence even their long careers did not make them big stars.

Today’s song from this film is sung by Naseem Akhtar. In fact this was her first hindi film in Bombay for which she sang songs. Naseem Akhtar ‘s father was a Sarangi player. They were originally from Kashmir. She was born in 1924. She started singing on Lahore Radio. Impressed with her singing style,composer pt. Amarnath gave her a break in Nishani-1942. Till then she used to sing at rich people’s functions and mehfils etc. after Nishani,she came to Bombay to sing for Khooni Laash-43.She never acted in any films.She sang in Bhai, Ek din ka Sultan, 40 karod, Flat no.9, Pehli nazar, Ratnavali, Dharma, Sanyasi, Wamiq Azra, Tadbir, Shahjehan, Nek Parveen, Safar, Keemat, Sohni Mahiwal, Bhanwar, Ek Roz, Doli, Parai aag etc. She sang for Naushad, Ghulam Mohd, Anil Biswas, Shyamsunder, Ghulam Hyder, Rafiq Gaznavi, Govind Ram, Sajjad Hussain, Firoze Nizami and C.Ramchandra.

She sang 72 songs in 40 films in India. She left for Pakistan after Partition and sang in a few films, but was not successful. She got married and settled as a housewife. It seems she died in Lahore on 11-5-2007 at the age of 87 years.

With this song, film Khooni Laash-1943 makes its Debut on this Blog.


Song- Loot liya loot liya nainan ne haay ree (Khooni Laash)(1943) Singer- Naseem Akhtar, Lyricist- Shevan Rizvi, MD- K Narayan Rao

Lyrics

Loot liya
Loot liya nainan ne
haaye ree
haaye ree
Loot liya
Loot liya nainan ne
haaye ree
haaye ree

nazar uthhaana halke se
haay
nazar uthhaana halke see
kaale gusuon ki ye zulfen
haaye
kaale gusuon ki ye zulfen
das liyo das liyo naagan ne
haay
das liyo das liyo naagan ne
haay naagan ne
haay
Loot liya
Loot liya nainan ne
haaye ree
haay ree
Loot liya
Loot liya nainan ne
haaye ree
haay ree

kahaan hai ??? raha aa aa aa
milte hi ??
?? nazar ka
aayi aawaaz lehron se
chalaa aaye ??
maar diya
maar diya
chitwan ne
haay
maar diya
maar diya
chitwan ne
haay chitwan ne
haaye
Loot liya
Loot liya nainan ne
nainan ne
haay ree


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4509 Post No. : 16052

Today’s song is from an obscure film Ranee-43, which was a Bi-lingual film made by Calcutta’s Barua Productions.

The film was directed by P C Barua and the music was by Kamal Dasgupta. Barring a few big movies, the Hindi-Bangla bilingual films did not become as successful as their Bangla versions. I feel the reasons were mainly two. One was that the cast of such films consisted of most names, with which the Hindi audience was not familiar. The second point was the style of acting and the dialogue delivery of the Bangla actors was deemed strange in Hindi belt. The Hindi used in films made in Bengal was too pure to be of the liking of people who were used to Hindustani language. The audience preferred ” pyar or muhabbat ” to ” prem “, for example.

The cast of the film Ranee-43 was Jahar Ganguli, Kalavati, P C Barua, Jamuna, Patience Cooper, Bikram Kapoor etc. The music of film Ranee-43 was not popular. The year 1943 was an year when lots of films provided melodious music. There were films like Aabroo, Ishara, Kanoon, Kismat, Nadaan, Nai Kahani, Najma, Namaste, Naukar, Panghat, Poonji, Prithvi Vallabh, Ram Rajya, Sanjog, Shakuntala, Tansen, Taqdeer etc. etc. Films of popular singers like Saigal and Noorjehan were on everone’s lips. In this situation, films like Ranee with music below par could not make any impact.

There were a number of films made by Bangla artistes, like Wapas, Shri Ramanuj, Ranee, Manchali, Kashinath, and Hospital. The exodus of artistes from New Theatres had started from 1940 onwards and many came to Bombay. Whatever the reason, New Theatres had lost its sheen, which it had enjoyed till now, It was sad to see a Lion in a dilapidated and helpless situation.

P C Barus and Jamuna, the husband-wife pair, were in the lead in this film. While Jamuna still looked like a Heroine, Barua did not look suitable for the ” young and Handsome” hero’s part. Reviewing the film in his magazine, Baburao Patel cme down heavily on this misfit hero and the declining skill of the director Barua. The story of the film was about Ranee- a young and good looking girl in a village, who becomes a victim of false rumours about her character. She leaves the village, giving an impression that she has done suicide. She works as a Maid in another village with a Zamindar. The zamindar’s young and handsome brother falls in love, but she does not show inclination. He starts drinking. She leaves the house. The hero drinks and falls ill, Ranee enters as a Nurse and looks after him. The zamindar comes to know who she is and that all the rumours were false. The hero recovers completely and both get married.

Before joining The New Theatres, Barua was running his own film making outfit for a studio and a company. After leaving NT, he restarted it. Actually he wanted initially to merge his company with NT, but Sircar refused and offered him a paid job, which he had accepted.

Director P.C. aka Pramathesh Barua was born on 24-10-1903. A well educated and foreign trained prince from a Royal family came into the films only by chance. He established his own studio and made films. Impressed by his style and work, B.N.Sircar of New Theatres offered him a job in his company. Barua joined and made such films in New Theatres that the studio became famous all over India. His greatest contribution was his first film here, ” Devdas”-34 in Bangla. he did the main role and brought in a comparatively new actress Jamuna for the role of Parvati aka Paro. With the fantastic success of the Bangla version, Barua made its Hindi version in 1936, with K L Saigal as the Hero. This was mor successful than the Bangla version and became an iconic film for ever as a reference point. Then an Assamese version was also made in 1937.

With a very eventful, successful and satisfying stint in New Theatres, Barua developed serious differences with the owner-B.N.Sircar, who was known to be a disciplinarian who held the Institution ( of NT) in place. New Theatres, in the 30s , was full of Titans having larger than life images and it was inevitable that there would be clashes amongst the artistes and the owner. Like true Bengalis, they all had king size Egos and over estimated self respects.

The first crack came in 1933 when Nitin Bose and Debaki Bose clashed, resulting in Debaki Bose’s temporary exit. In the line was Barua, who had a grudge that he was not given as many films as his peers Nitin Bose and Hemchander Chunder got . The rift between Barua and Sircar was obviously born out of deep differences, because after Barua left, B N Sircar had said ” He was a remarkably innovative director who seemed to improve after every film. As an actor, he forged a style that was distinctively his own uniquely. But as a Man…..well,I would rather not discuss it ”.

However, it was known to both of them and all others connected with NT, that both these Giants had tremendous love and respect for each other. In 1951, when Barua lay dying on his bed, he instructed that his body be taken past the house of B N Sircar, where he was lying sick on bed. When Barua’s funeral convoy reached Sircar’s house, the ailing Sircar hobbled painfully to the window of his elegant Elgin Road Residence, as the prince of Players paused beneath the window for a while and then proceeded. It was a poignant moment- an act symbolic of a reference point established a long time ago in a business which was notorious for callous and impermanent relationships !

After Barua Nitin Bose left, then Kanan Bala and a few more. Only Pankaj Mullick, though hurt by NT’s neglect, stuck till the end. P.C.Barua died on 29-11-1951. He acted in 8 Hindi films( Manzil-36, Mukti-37, Adhikar-38, Jawab-42, Ranee-43, Subah Shaam-44, Amiree-45 and Pehchan-46). He directed 14 films and sang 1 song in the film Jawab-42.

Barua’s wife Jamuna Was an excellent actress. Pity that she did only 13 films in Hindi. Jamuna ( 10-10-1919 to 24-11-2005) was the fourth of the six daughters of Puran Gupta, a resident of a village near Agra, India. Each of the sisters was named after an Indian river like Ganga, Jamuna, Bhagirathi etc. As destiny would have it, Jamuna came to reside in Calcutta, a leading film producing city in India. Originally from Gauripur of Assam’s Goalpara district (undivided), Jamuna was married to the legendary actor director Pramathesh Barua, or P.C. Barua, who died in 1951. She began her acting career in her husband’s famous production Devdas in 1936 and was the film’s lead character Parvati or Paro. She went on to make a number of memorable movies in Assamese, Bengali and Hindi, notably Amiri, Mukti, Adhikar and Sesh Uttar. She stopped acting after Barua died.

Jamuna made her film debut in the 1930s and played a small role in Mohabbat Ki Kasauti (1934), Hindi version of Rooplekha (Bengali), directed by P.C. Barua. A romance started although Barua, hailing from the native Indian state of Gauripur, Assam, was already twice married. As the actress, who was to play Parbati in Barua’s next venture Devdas (1935) reported inability to attend the studio on the very first day of shooting, Jamuna was called from Barua’s residence (she was living with him by then) and was asked to get down to work straight away without any preparation whatsoever. Thus she came to be the first Parbati of Indian talkies- Miss Light had played the role in the silent version of the enormously popular Sarat Chandra novel. Aishwarya Rai happens to be the last so far and Devdas has been made and remade a number of times. Jamuna played the same role in the Hindi version also and was accepted in this very first proper exposure as an actress in her own right.

She continued to act in Barua’s films like Grihadaha (1936), Maya (1936), Adhikar (1939), Uttarayan (1941), Shesh Uttar (1942), Chander Kalanka (1944) and the respective Hindi versions of each film. Barua had left the prestigious New Theatres in 1940 and was directing as well as producing his films. Thereafter she acted in a number of Barua directed Hindi movies like Amiree, Pehchan and Iran Ki Ek Raat. These films however did not add to the prestige of either Barua or Jamuna. Jamuna also acted outside Barua direction in three Bengali films Debar (1943) and Nilanguriya (1943) where she proved herself without Barua’s influence. Her last film Malancha (1953) was also outside Barua’s direction. She also starred in its Hindi version Phulwari (1953).

Barua’s death in 1951 when he was only 48 changed Jamuna’s life altogether. She had three sons by Barua, Deb Kumar, Rajat and Prasun. They were all minors at the time and the Gauripur estate refused to take any of their responsibilities. She had to wage a legal battle with the powerful and influential royal family to get her and her children’s dues and recognition. Time settled the matters and she was allowed ownership of the house with its vast adjoining land and also an allowance. Jamuna spent the rest of her life after Barua as a housewife, busy in bringing up her minor sons. She had to complete the unfinished film Malancha of course but bid adieu to the film industry soon after. Later in her life she did attend a number of functions to celebrate the centennial year of husband P.C. Barua and received felicitations on behalf of the Government of India and the state Government of Assam as the first Parbati of Indian talkies.

Her last days were not very comfortable and she was bedridden for more than six months prior to her death. She is survived by her three sons and their families and a host of relatives. According to her family members, she had been ill for some time, and the cause of death was illness related to old age. She died at her residence in South Kolkata. She had acted in 13 Hindi films. Her last film was Phulwari-51.

Today’s song is the third song from this film to be posted here. The names of singers of all songs are not given in the HFGK. The film was released on 4-6-1943 at Super cinema, Bombay, where it ran for only 2 weeks.


Song-Piyo ji khoob piyo main pilaun pyaar se (Ranee)(1943) Singer-Unknown female voice, Lyricist- Pt. Madhur, MD- Kamal Dasgupta

Lyrics

Piyo jee
khoob piyo
main pilaaun pyaar se ae
main pilaaun pyaar se
Piyo jee
khoob piyo
main pilaaun pyaar se ae
main pilaaun pyaar se

dil tera howe
maikhaana
saaqi ban jaaye
paimaana
bano jee
mast bano ye
jawaani ki kahaani
bano ji
mast bano ye
jawaani ki kahaani
Piyo jee
khoob piyo
main pilaaun pyaar se ae
main pilaaun pyaar se

peene kaa hi hai naam zindagi
aur aankh aankh se karti hai bandagi
dilon ke ??
nahin inkaar se
dilon ke ??
nahin inkaar se
Piyo jee
khoob piyo
main pilaaun pyaar se ae
main pilaaun pyaar se

honthhon ko hai ye jaam choomte
dil ke hain saare armaan jhoomte
mazaa peene ka peene ka
mazaa peene ka
boojh lo
aa aa aa aa
ishq ke beemaar se
Piyo jee
khoob piyo
main pilaaun pyaar se ae
main pilaaun pyaar se


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4485 Post No. : 16001

Today’s song is from the film Bhaichara aka Fraternity aka Brotherhood-1943. It was produced by Unity Productions, Calcutta and was directed by a veteran of Silent films- G.K.Mehta.

Gopal Krishna or G.K.Mehta was born on 18-7-1899 and he joined the film industry in 1920. He slogged in the film companies doing odd jobs and finally started directing films from 1928 onwards. By 1931, the Talkie had started and Mehta, after 15 silent films to his credit, directed his first Talkie film-” Chirag E Husn”-1935. Then came Ghazi Diler-36, Toofani khazana-37, Prem samadhi-38, Master Man-38, Juwari-39 and his last film was Bhaichara-1943. He directed Leela Chitnis in film Master man-38, Jairaj and Nirmala in Juwari-39Bharat Bhushan in his second film in Bhaichara-43. Like many other silent film stalwarts like R S Chaudhuri (8-6-1903 to 22-8-1972) with 15 silent and 14 Talkie films, G K Mehta also disappeared without a trace.

This social film had music by Himangshu Dutt – a name not heard by most people in Hindi, but in Bangla films he was a highly respected music composer. Songs composed by him in the early 40s were sung not only by singers of that generation, but also by the younger generations. Due to his early death and a busy schedule in Bangla cinema and Non film music, he was not able to benefit the Hindi audience of the rest of India. He was so popular and respected that he was awarded the first ever award of ” Sur Sagar ” by the people of Dhaka. After him,only singer Jaganmoy Mitra aka Jagmohan was the only person who was awarded the title of “Sursagar “. Jagmohan sang for Dutt’s Bangla films regularly. After Dutt was gone in 1944, Jagmohan sang his Non film songs also. As per HFGK, Himangshu Dutt gave music for only 2 Hindi films – Bhakt Kabir and Bhaichara-43. For both films, Jagmohan sang 2 songs each.

The cast of the film was Bharat Bhushan, Veena Kumari, isabela, Beena Pal,Sunetra, Ansari,Hadi,Himmat Rai etc etc. One name in the cast is VEENA KUMARI. Now this is a name causing ” Same Name Confusion.” In my book, released in 2018, I had clarified about 56 artistes coming under the SNC category. In the last one and half year I have discussed 14 more such new artistes and including today’s case, there will be 16 artistes. The total comes to 72 and surprisingly there are 36 Males and 36 female artistes in this group, so far. However, I feel, as the time passes by, there are still few more cases yet to come to light and that, finally in this, the females will outnumber the males in numbers.

One of the reasons for this could be that in the early era, actresses came from Muslim Tawayef families or even poor families. In such families, the girls’ names were pretty common – like Nurjahan, Zubeida, Khurshid, Naseem, Zohra or Shameem etc. Those who came first in films kept their original names, others had to change their names. But even then, the limited stock of names created problems. For example, one Khursheed Akhtar changed her name to Shyama and the other changed her name to Anuradha, but there were already 2 Shyamas working in films. One more example was today’s case. Originally Nurjahan, changed name to Veena Kumari, but there was another Veena working in films.

The trouble with same names is when you want to write about them, their Filmography is mixed up. Secondly, most sites, blogs and Fb pages invariably mix up even their Bio data, in addition to Filmography. My B.P. goes up when I see this . Whenever possible, I try to give explanations to make corrections, but every time it is not possible. Further they quote from sites like Wiki and IMDB, who are the major culprits in creating, sustaining and nurturing the same name confusions.

Anyway, let us now see who this Veena Kumari was. Her original name was Nurjahan. Her father was a landlord in Lucknow. She was born in 1916. As per customs of those times, she never went to school, but being well to do, got private tutors and she learnt Urdu and English sufficiently to read and speak. She was a typical good looking girl. She was very fond of seeing silent films, with her father. When the Talkie films started, her interest grew much more and she decided to join films. She was a natural good singer too and this helped her get into films.

Her first film was Inteqam-33, where she worked without any fees. Here she was credited with her real name Nurjahan. In the 1939 film Swastik, made by Mohan Pictures, she became Veena kumari-heroine of Jeevan. She continued working in films like Radhika,Asra and Kasauti- all 1941, Gharib and Zevar in 42, Pratigya, Bhaichara,Masterjee and Chiragh in 43, Mujrim-44, Gunjan and Shauhar in 48. Shauhar was made by her own banner-Dil-Sitan arts. The film was directed by her. Her last film was Basera-50. She sang 22 songs in 7 films. She was quite good at singing. When you hear her songs, you will agree with me.

Now let us see what proves they were 2 different persons. Firstly, Veena kumari started her career much earlier than Veena. Secondly, Veena started acting in Punjabi films in 1941 only and then came to Bombay for films Yaad-42, Najma-43,Rajputani-44, Humayun-45 etc. Thirdly, Veena kumari was a B grade actress and her films were made by smaller banners, whereas, from the beginning, Veena was in the Big league of Mazhar khan, Ranjit, Mehboob, Kardar, K.Asif, Minerva etc. Fourthly, Veena kumari stopped working in 1950, while Veena continued till 1983. The most important point was, Veena could not sing, whereas Veena kumari sang 22 songs in 7 films. All this clearly separates them as different actresses.

Veena acted in about 100 films in her 40 years’ career. Her Biodata is available freely on the Internet as well as on this Blog. So much for the Same Name Confusion in this case.

The hero of the film Bhaichara was Bharat Bhooshan, who was a good looking hero, but acting wise, he was similar to his other clones like Anil Dhawan, Karan Dewan and Pradeep kumar. All of them were good looking but very weak in acting. These Heroes got many films, good heroines and popular songs to sing on screen, as long as their luck favoured them. Once their luck-quota exhausted, they fell on bad days and suffered a bad end too. It is said that Bharat Bhooshan, in his bad days, had to work as a Watchman in a film studio.

Bharat Bhushan (14 June 1920 – 27 January 1992) was an Indian actor in Hindi language films, script writer and producer, who is best remembered for playing Baiju Bawra in the 1952 film of the same name .He was born in Meerut, and brought up in Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh. Bharat Bhushan was born on 14 June 1920 in a Vaishya (Baniya) family at Meerut, Uttar Pradesh.
His father, Raibahadur Motilal, was the government pleader of Meerut. His mother died when he was two years old. His elder brother was film producer Ramesh Chandra, who owned the Ideal Studio at Lucknow. The brothers left for Aligarh to stay with their grandfather after their mother’s death. He did his studies and earned a graduate degree from Dharam Samaj College, Aligarh. After this he took to acting against his father’s wishes. He first went to Calcutta to join cinema and later established himself in Bombay.

He married into a prominent family in Meerut, Zamindar Raibahadur Budha Prakash’s daughter Sarla. They had two daughters, Anuradha and Aparajitha. Anuradha had polio-associated complications. His other daughter Apararith played the role of Mandodari in the famous TV show Ramanand Sagar’s famous serial Ramayan. In an interview, Aparajita had said that after the sudden demise of her husband, she turned to acting. Aparajita has done more than 50 films in her career. Bhushan’s wife Sarla died of labour complications after delivering their second child in the early 1960s, soon after the release of film Barsaat Ki Raat. In 1967, he married actress Ratna, his co-star in the same film.

Bhushan owned bungalows in Bandra, Bombay and other areas. He was an avid reader and boasted of his collection of books, which he had to sell off like his cars and bungalows in bad times, after he turned co-producer on the ploddings of his brother. Only a few of his films were successes and unfortunately, the rest flopped. He died after he escaped his financial crisis, on 27 January 1992.

He made his debut with the Kidar Sharma hit Chitralekha (1941). However, he struggled for over a decade to make a mark in Hindi movies till Baiju Bawra (1952), which gave him instant stardom and legendary status along with Mohammad Rafi, Meena Kumari and Naushad Ali. Though a very talented actor and a prominent star of the 1950s and 1960s in Hindi language films, he often took on roles of tragic musicians in the movies. Films in which he starred as lead actor include Basant Bahar.

“He portrays historical and mythological characters the best in Hindi movies,” states contemporary actor-producer Chandrashekar. He wrote scripts and stories for Barsat Ki Raat, Nayi Umar Ki Nayi Fasal, Basant Bahar, Dooj Ka Chand, etc. He was the producer of Dooj Ka Chand. His brother R. Chandra made many films such as Bebus, Minar, and Basant Bahar.

He was the recipient of the second Filmfare best actor award for the film Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu in 1954. Most of the great songs of major singers of that period such as Rafi, Manna Dey, Talat, and Mukesh were pictured on him. He was the first chocolate-faced good-looking star of Hindi films. He was one of the few actors who had a good sense of music, so most music-based movies were made with him in lead roles in the 1950s and 1960s.

He acted in Hindi language movies until the 1990s.he acted in 211 Hindi films,in all. His last film was Maachis-1996. He is still loved and revered by the Indians for the great movies and great songs that he gave in spite of personal tragedies and stiff competition from his contemporaries. He is considered to be one of the greatest stars and legends of Hindi cinema. (Thanks to wikipedia for some information.)

Let us now listen to the sweet voice of the great Jagmohan in this second song of this film on the Blog….


Song- Vaada na mera toote (Bhaaichaara)(1943) Singer- Jagmohan Sursagar, Lyricist- Not known, MD- Himangshu Dutt Sursagar

Lyrics

Vaada na mera toote ae
waah duniya
duniya badal jaaye
jaaye
Vaada na mera toote ae
waah duniya
duniya badal jaaye
jaaye

main khoon se seenchoonga
khoon se seechoonga
?? phool ye khil jaaye
jaaye
Vaada na mera toote ae
waah duniya
duniya badal jaaye
jaaye

hasti ko mita dena aa
jeene ka saleeka hai ae
hasti ko mita dena
jeene ka saleeka hai
ubhrega wahi daana
ubhrega wahi daana
mitti mein jo mil jaaye
jaaye
Vaada na mera toote ae
waah duniya
duniya badal jaaye
jaaye

phoolon ke pujaari hain
kaanton se nahin darte ae
phoolon ke pujaari hain
kaanton se nahin darte ae
?? jaan rahe tan mein
jaan rahe tan mein
?? jaan nikal jaaye
jaaye
Vaada na mera toote ae
waah duniya
duniya badal jaaye
jaaye
Vaada na mera toote ae


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over THIRTEEN years. This blog has over 16400 song posts by now.

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