Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Songs of 1943’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5040 Post No. : 16951

Today’s song is a Fun-Duet from the film Aage Kadam-1943.

This is a duet sung by Leela Pawar and Master Amritlal. There were many actresses who carried the name Leela. Some were famous, some were not.Leela Desai and Miss Leela (Chandragiri) formed a part of ” Same Name Confusion” pair, as both acted and sang in A grade films. Some others were, Leela Mishra (the eternal Leela Mausi), Leela Sawant, Leela Kumari and Leela Pawar. Later on came Leela Naiduand Leela Mehta also. Those who used their surnames faced no identity problem. As such Leela Sawant and Leela Pawar were actresses of B and C grade action films. Leela Mishra did roles of elderly persons and mothers from the very beginning.

However, Master Amritlal caused a lot of confusion with another same name film personality- Amritlal Naqgar. Master Amritlal was originally a stage and silent film artistes from Gujarat, who acted in 20 Talkie films. His first film was Vikram Charitra-1932 and his last film was Roop Nagar-1947 as an actor He sang 23 songs in 10 films from his film Vikram Charitra-32 uptoPagli Duniya-44.

The other Amritlal (Nagar) was a renowned author who spent his time in Hindi film industry from 1940 to1947, after which he went back to his original profession as writer. Here is what the Encyclopedia of Indian films says about him…..Amritlal Nagar ( 17-8-1916 to 23-2-1990). He was an extraordinary person. He handled almost every department of Literature-except perhaps Poetry and Autobiography. Short stories, Novels, dramas,travelogues etc etc were written by him During 1940 to 1947 period, he was in the film industry. He wrote stories, s/p, dialogues of as many as 20 films in Bombay , Kolhapur and Madras. He dubbed M.S.Subbulakshmi’s Tamil film ‘ Meerabai’ into Hindi. he also worked to translate Russian films like Zoya and Bukhara into Hindi. He won innumerable awards, including Padma Bhushan and Sahitya academy award. He was one of the very rare Hindi Literature stalwarts to work in the film industry for such a sustained period. As a Lyricist he wrote 33 songs in 4 films- Sangam-41, Kunwara Baap-42, Kisiko na kahna-42 and Raja-43.

Unfortunately, due to similarity in the first name, most people consider them as one person who acted, wrote lyrics, sang songs and wrote stories, dialogues and screen plays !

1943 was an year in which the II world war was in full swing. Both sides were almost equal. The effects of the war on India were… it faced the infamous Bengal Famine, caused by the war profiteering. Controls on film production were tightened by the Government. I.P.T.A. became operative with its first staged p0lay ‘ Nibanna’. Film Kismet became one of the biggest Hits ever. V.Shantaram’s Rajkamal Kalamandir debuted with Shakuntala, as did Mehboob with his film Najma. Government made showing of Newsreel before any film mandatory. Film Raj Nartaki’s english version The Court Dancer was exhibited in the USA, first time for an Indian film.

1943 produced 105 Hindi films, the highest number during the war years, 1939 to 1945. Many landmark and musical films appeared in this year giving a respite to the war torn audience of Indian Cinema. Let us take a look at some of these films.

Film Bhaichara had music by the only other ” Sursagar” musician – Himangshu Dutt ( the more well known being the singer Jagmohan Sursagar).

C.Ramchandra had his first musical hit with the film Bhakta Raj, made by Jayant Desai productions.

Gauri from Ranjit became Monica Desai’s first Hindi film in Bombay. It was a very successful film with songs by Khemchand Prakash, based on Bangla Folk tunes.

Kanan Devi gave some sweet songs in the film Hospital, under Kamal Dasgupta’s baton.

Bombay Talkies film Hamari Baat was the last film in which Devika Rani acted. Anil Biswas was the composer.

Music Director Khurshid Anwar brought Gauhar Sultana from Lucknow to sing some songs in the film Ishara. Naushad'[s musical film Kanoon had some good Suraiya and Shyam duets.

Film Kashinath was Nitin Bose’s last film in New Theatres, after he developed differences with B.N.Sircar.

Anil Biswas gave his career best musical Hit film ” Kismet”- the longest running film from Bombay Talkies.

Nurjehan’s musical film Nadaan was popular with songs from composer K.Datta. Director Mehboob made his first film Najma, under his own banner Mehboob productions.

Yet one more musical from Naushad- film Namaste.

At last a musical hit for composer S.N.Tripathi- Panghat from prakash Pictures. Rajkumari Shukla sang her only Hindi song in this film;. (the film was remade as Chitchor-1976).

Film Paraya Dhan had music by Bengal’s famous musician Gyan Prakash Ghosh. Deena Pathak sang her only 2 songs in this film as Deena Sanghavi.

Ghulam Haider makes merry again with Shamshad hit songs in the film Poonji from Pancholi, Lahore.

One more superhit film – Ram Rajya from Prakash Pictures had very good songs from composer Shankar Rao Vyas. Saraswati Rane gave 2 melodious songs. Yashwant joshi and Yashwant Nikam sang the famous song ” Bharat ki ek Sannari ki katha”. Ram Rajya had also a distinction as the only Hindi film that was seen by Mahatma Gandhi, on 2-6-1944.
( Before this, Gandhi had seen ” Mission to Moscow-43′ an English film, in Wardha, according to The Hindu (Kathmandu Ed.) dt.8-2-2010). The film had early songs by Manna Dey also.

Naushad in full swing with his 3rd Musical Sanjog, where Suraiya gave playback to Mehtab, the Heroine.

Vasant Desai gave excellent songs in the hit film Shakuntala by V.Shantaram.

Hospital– excellent songs by kanan Devi.

Kanoon– another hit from Naushad.

Mera Khwab– MD Ghulam Mohammed’s Debut film

Najma– Mehboob khan’s first film, on Muslim society.

Nurse– Gyan Dutt gave an excellent song of Rajkumari-‘ Vo gaye nahin’

Prithvi Vallabh– A big budget costume drama made by Minerva, based on the story of K.M.Munshi. It had songs by Minakshi Shirodkar.

Tansen– Saigal’s first film in Bombay. Khurshid matches him song by song.

Taqdeer– Nargis aka Baby Fatima debuted as an adult. However her name comes third in the credits, after Motilal and Chandramohan.

Compared to all this, the film Aage kadam-43 was nowhere in any field-story, music or Box office. The film cast included Motilal, Anjali Devi, Mubarak, Rajkumari Shukla, Padma Banerjee, Master Amritlal, Leela Pawar, Narmada Shankar etc. Heroine Anjali Devi was not the actress from the South,who entered Bollywood much later in the next decade. This was a different actress about whom I have written earlier. The director was N R Acharya.

Today’s song is a Fun Duet by Leela Pawar and Master Amritlal. The lady is urging her lover that he should stop smoking. She describes all the bad things of smoking and the Lover replies with his explanations, countering all her objections.


Song-Ho mat piyo morey chhaila (Aage Kadam)(1943) Singers-Leela Pawar, Master Amrutlal, Lyrics-Kailash Matwala, MD-Madholal Master and Ramchandra Pal

Lyrics

Ho mat piyo
ho mat piyo
ho mat piyo more chhaila
tambaaku re mat piyo
hey main to piyoon
hey main to piyoon
sun gori sajaniya ho o o
main to tambaaku piyun
sun gori saaniya ho o o
main to tambaaku piyoon
hey main to piyoon
hey main to piyoon

tum tambaaku jo piyoge
tum tambaaku jo piyoge
main naagan ban kar jaaungi
torey haath kabhi na aaungi
torey haath kabhi na aaungi

tu naagan ban kar jaayegi
main jogi ban kar aaunga
tu naagan ban kar jaayegi
main jogi ban kar aaunga
tujhe pungi se rijhaaunga
tujhe pungi se rijhaaunga

tum tambaaku jo piyoge
main Maachhaariya ban jaaungi
tum tambaaku jo piyoge
main Maachhaariya ban jaaungi
torey haath kabhi na aaungi
torey haath kabhi na aaungi

tu maachhariya ban jaayegi
main bagla ban kar aaunga
tu maachhariya ban jaayegi
main bagla ban kar aaunga
tujhe chonch mein le ud jaaunga
tujhe chonch mein le ud jaaunga

ho mat piyo
hey main to piyoon
ho mat piyo
hey main to piyoon

tum tambaaku jo piyoge
main jal jal kar mar jaaungi
tum tambaaku jo piyoge
main jal jal kar mar jaaungi
main maati mein mil jaaungi
torey haath kabhi na aaungi
tu maati mein mil jaayegi
ho o o ho o o ho o
tu maati mein mil jaayegi
to teri chilam banaaunga
tere dil mein
ho tere dil mein
hey tere dil mein aag lagaaunga
phir ??
phir ?? ho
phir ?? ka dhuaan udaaunga

ho mat piyo
hey main to piyoon
ho mat piyo
hey main to piyoon


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4997 Post No. : 16894

———————————————–—————————————
Blog 10-Year Challenge (2012-2022) – Song No. 36
————————————————————————————–

This date ten years ago (viz 24 march 2012) saw five songs from five different movies getting covered in the blog. Here are the details:-

Blog Post number Song Movie (Year) Remarks
5686 Beena madhur madhur kachhu bol Ram Rajya(1943) 5 songs covered so far out of 12
5687 Chhota sa fasaana hai tere mere pyaar ka Birha Ki Raat(1950) Movie YIPPEED by now
5688 Ye zindagi ka mausam aur ye samaa suhaana Ghoonghat (1960) Movie YIPPEED by now
5689 Wo ghar ghar ke diye bujhaakar bane huye dhanwaan Ham Bhi Insaan Hain (1948) 4 songs covered so far out of 9
5690 Chal diye banda nawaaz Mr and Mrs 55(1955) Movie YIPPEED by now

We can see from the table that three of the movies whose songs were covered on 24 march 2012 have since been YIPPEED. That leaves us with two movies that are still unYIPPEED and therefore eligible for Blog Ten Year challenge today on 24 March 2022.

“Ram Rajya”(1943) is one such movie.

“Ram Rajya”(1943) was produced and directed by Vijay Shankar Bhatt for Prakash Pictures, Bombay. The movie had Prem Adib, Shobhana Samarth, Umakant Desai, Chandrakant, Badri Prasad, Yeshawant Nikam, Pandit, Ranjana, Amirbai Karnataki, Shanta Kumari, Athawaale, Madhusudan Jani, Pande etc in it.

This movie had 12 songs in it. Five songs have been covered in the blog so far.

Here is the sixth song from “Ram Rajya”(1943) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by a male singer that is not identified in HFGK. Ramesh Gupta is the lyricist. Music is composed by Shankar Rao Vyas.

The song is picturised as a song being sung on the occasion of the coronation of Lord Ram (played by Prem Adib.

I request our knowledgeable readers to help identify the singer. From the voice, it appears that the singer was a classiclly trained singer.

Lyrics of the song were sent to me by Prakashchandra.

Video link:

Song-Surya dev Jagdeep tej jinka jag saaje (Ram Rajya)(1943) Lyrics-Ramesh Gupta, MD-Shankar Rao Vyas

Lyrics(Provided by Prakashchandra)

Surya Dev
Jagdeep tej
jinnkaa…aaaaa…
jag saajey aey ae ae
saat ashw ke aey ae rath par
saarathi ..eee…eee…eee
Arun biraajey aey ae ae ae

tum unnke kul deep Raam
ghar ghar jay gaaje ae aey ae ae
goonj uthhey ae aey ae
dash deesh
keerti ka dankaa…aaaa..aaaa
baajey aey ae ae ae

DaanVeer Harishchandra nripati
satya sewaa vratdhaari..eee…eee
putra naari diye bech satya par
bann gaye aap bhikhaari..eee..eee

kathin tapasyaa
bhagirath ne ki
gangaa jee ko laaye aey ae ae
woh brahman prathipaal bhoopati
Dilip Raaj kahaaye ae
Raghu Raaj kee
gaurav gaathaa
koyee nahin bisraaye ae ae
ashwamedh kar
ajj ne jag mein
keerti dhwaj pharkaaye aey ae
Dashrath jee ne
deh tajaa par
bachan nahin taj paaye ae aey ae
tum ho unnke praan jagat
jin ke nit din gun gaaye ae ae
Sooryaavansh kee
vijay pataakaa
tum phir se pharkaa do o o
Raam raajya se
Bhaarat mein tum
sukh shaanti barsaa do o o o o
Raam raajya se
Bhaarat mein tum
sukh shaanti barsaa do o o o o o


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4991 Post No. : 16886

One can easily get philosophical too, besides the celebratory aspect. So okay, one more year, one more Holi celebration, one more set of songs posted. . .  And the wheel of life continues to roll. . .

Into the fourteenth year of continuous daily publication, since July 2008. And we have gone past on the way, fourteen Holi celebrations. In the earlier post today, Peevesie’s Mom ji has written that we have 66 Holi songs already posted here. She refers to one of my earlier posts, in which I have written that the Hindi cinema has an intense liking for this festival. And that we still have quite a number of Holi celebration songs that are awaiting discovery out there, and also, waiting to take their place on this blog.

As I check on the Geet Kosh, I am able to identify three Holi songs in 1932, almost immediately.  There is a film by the name ‘Raas Vilaas’ from this year. The song list of this film includes the following two song titles, which are clearly Holi songs. The first one is “Ab To Ghanshyaam Mache Holi, Ab To Sukhdhaam Mache Holi”. The second one from the same film is “Rang Rangee Main Ab Rang Na Daalo”.

In the same year, there is a film by the name ‘Zaalim Jawaani’ that has a song with the title “Biraj Dhoom Machaayo Kaanha”. Like wise, I am sure there are going to be many more songs for this celebration, where the song title may not immediately lend itself for identification. Ah but. . . how longingly one wishes we had all the songs available with us.

A similar search today has led to me to this very rare song from the 1943 film ‘Zabaan’. The rarity can be measured by the fact that this song is not yet available anywhere on line. I am able to locate it in my collection, and have uploaded it today. In all likelihood, this is the first time this song has been brought online.

It is a very attractive composition. Music is from the mind of C Ramchandra and the singing voices are of Ishwar Lal and Kaushalya, supported by chorus. The lyrics of this song are written by Ratan Piya. I was wondering whether this is a new songwriter for the blog. But no, this poet has written a few songs for the film ‘Shakuntala’, also from 1943, and some of those songs are already showcased here. As I checked the Geet Kosh, I find this name appear only for three films, these two fillms from 1943 and one from 1944 (‘Maali’). After that we do not hear from this poet.

Although quite late in the day, but I would still prompt the readers to listen to this wonderful melody. And maybe not too late either. The astrological computations of the Indian system, being based on the lunar cycle does not exactly synchronize with the standard calendars that are based on solar cycles. The full moon day started around mid day yesterday, and continued well almost up to 2 pm today. And the day that we traditionally called ‘dhulendi’, which is the day of playing Holi with colors and water, continues till tomorrow. And so, although the official holiday for Holi this year has been listed for today, as the astrological charts of the Indian system, ‘dhulendi’ is tomorrow. Now figure this out as well as we can.

Early rather than late, or may be later rather than earlier – based on which system you would prefer, here is wishing all readers and friends, a very auspicious, colorful and happy Holi.

Listen to this newly available old melody, and enjoy.


Song – Aai Aai Re Rangeeli Holi Aai Re  (Zabaan) (1943) Singer – Ishwarlal, Kaushalya, Lyrics – Ratan Piya, MD – C Ramchandra
Chorus

Lyrics

aai aai re
rangeeli holi aai re
rangeeli holi aai re. . .
ho aai re
aaj jholi khushi ki bhar laai re
aaj jholi khushi ki bhar laai re
khushi ki bhar laai re
ho aai re

ho oo oo oo oo
holi ko dekh badi machti umangen
ho oo oo oo oo
holi ko dekh badi machti umangen
rangon ko dekhte hi chadti tarangen
rangon ko dekhte hi chadti tarangen
jaise paani mein aag lagaai re
jaise paani mein aag lagaai re
ho aag lagaai re
ho aai re
aai aai re
rangeeli holi aai re
rangeeli holi aai re. . .
ho aai re

laal aur gulaal le ke phirte hain saare
laal aur gulaal le ke phirte hain saare
pheeke bina saajan ji ke saare. . .
pheeke bina saajan ji ke saare
yaad preetam ki mann mein jagaai re
ho mein jagaai re
ho aai re
aai aai re
rangeeli holi aai re
rangeeli holi aai re. . .
ho aai re

bhaye sajaniya mahina rangeela
bhaye sajaniya mahina rangeela
ghere na koi tujhe baanka chhabeela
ghere na koi tujhe baanka chhabeela
kaan(?) bahuton ne tujh pe lagaai re
kaan(?) bahuton ne tujh pe lagaai re
ho tujh pe lagaai re
ho aai re
aai aai re
rangeeli holi aai re
aai aai re
rangeeli holi aai re
rangeeli holi aai re. . .
ho aai re

————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
————————————————

आई आई रे
रंगीली होली आई रे
रंगीली होली आई रे॰ ॰ ॰
हो आई रे
आज झोली खुशी की भर लाई रे
आज झोली खुशी की भर लाई रे
खुशी की भर लाई रे
हो आई रे

हो ओ ओ ओ
होली को देख बड़ी मचती उमंगें
हो ओ ओ ओ
होली को देख बड़ी मचती उमंगें
रंगों को देखते ही चढ़ती तरंगें
रंगों को देखते ही चढ़ती तरंगें
जैसे पानी में आग लगाई रे
जैसे पानी में आग लगाई रे
हो आग लगाई रे
हो आई रे
आई आई रे
रंगीली होली आई रे
रंगीली होली आई रे॰ ॰ ॰
हो आई रे

लाल और गुलाल ले के फिरते हैं सारे
लाल और गुलाल ले के फिरते हैं सारे
फीके बिना साऊ जी के हैं सारे॰ ॰ ॰
फीके बिना साऊ जी के हैं सारे
याद प्रीतम की मन में जगाई रे
हो मन में जगाई रे
हो आई रे
आई आई रे
रंगीली होली आई रे
रंगीली होली आई रे॰ ॰ ॰
हो आई रे

भए सजनीया महिना रंगीला
भए सजनीया महिना रंगीला
घेरे ना कोई तुझे बांका छबीला
घेरे ना कोई तुझे बांका छबीला
कान(?) बहुतों ने तुझ पे लगाई रे
कान(?) बहुतों ने
हो तुझ पे लगाई रे
हो आई रे

आई आई रे
रंगीली होली आई रे
आई आई रे
रंगीली होली आई रे
रंगीली होली आई रे॰ ॰ ॰
हो आई रे


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4967 Post No. : 16838

Today’s song is from the film Sahara-1943 – an almost 80 year old one !

Whenever I rummage through the pages of HFGK issues of the 30’s to 50’s for something,I see a lot of names of actors, actresses, directors, Lyricists, singers and composers. I find that names which are prolific in the beginning became rare and then disappeared. Like waves in the sea, artistes appear and disappear from time to time. Very few artistes have a longer career of more than 25 years. Similarly, some artistes have a very short career, say of just 3 or 4 films.

One type of artistes are those who join the industry and continue to work till they can work ,in different capacities like Heroes, side heroes, character artistes and finally as extras. Actors like Master Nissar, Master Shiraz, Parshuram, Sunder, Sajjan, Bharat Bhushan etc come in this category.

Another category is of those who leave the films and go back to their earlier vocations or fulfil their other ambitions. Artistes like Moti, B.A.-Lyricist, Laxmi Shankar, S D Batish, actor Arjun Bakshi,Child actor Shashi Kapur Sr., Child actor singer Ram marathe, Firoze Dastoor etc. fall in this category.

Yet another group consists of actresses or singers who stop working after they get married, as if that was their final goal in life. Artistes like Lalita Deulkar, Smriti Biswas, Nalini Tarkhud, Sardar Akhtar, Gohar Mamajiwala, Mehtab etc can be counted in this group.

Lastly there is a group of actresses-famous and popular- who actually joined films directly as Heroines only after they were already married and what’s more this fact was not hidden. Offhand I can name few such actresses – Nirupa Roy, Meenakshi Shirodkar, Renuka Devi, Shobhana Samarth, Neena etc. come in this category.

Until about 1950 or so, many of those who joined films were not much educated. In fact we have examples like Meena Shorey who was so illiterate that she could not even sign her name in any language, forget about reading,writing or speaking English. Similarly, singer Sitara kanpuri was also totally illiterate. Therefore a highly qualified educated person joining the films was unimaginable. In such times both the Hero and Heroineof film Sahara-1943 were the most educated, polished and from highly respected families. This itself was a wonder.

Heroine Renuka Devi, in first place she was already married before joining the film line and additionally, she was M.A.in English Literature from Aligarh University. The Hero-S.D.narang – was B.Sc., M.B.B.S., Ph.D, a research scholar and an author of 2 books. All this before joining the film line. Other such examples I remember now are actress Vanmala who was B.A.,B.T. and actor Ranjan who was a Ph.D and a fellow of New York university….before joining films.

While Renuka Devi kept her film career limited to only 9 films (1937 to 1947), Dr. Narang continued in films till his last days. Renuka Devi returned to continue as a Housewife-away from films. She engaged herself in Social work, was on TV talk shows in Pakistan and also wrote her autobiography in English.

It is unbelievable that people like Dr. S D Narang ever worked in the film industry. here in his short Bio for our New readers….

Here is a story which is stunning and unbelievable ! A young man was born on 18-6-1918,at Lyallpur,Punjab. He studied hard and got high education.First he did B.Sc., then completed M.B.B.S. and became a Medical Doctor. Later he submitted a Thesis and got his Ph.D. All this from Lahore Medical College. He also wrote some research papers and 2 books. With this sparkling education, he could have had a luxurious living,but he chose to join the uncertain Film World. True to his wont,he succeeded here too and became a Hero,Producer,Director,Studio owner , a Lyricist and a writer.

Yes, in the early era of the late 30s,when educated people were a rarity,this highly qualified young man came into films. His name was SATYA DEV NARANG or simply, S.D.Narang.(18-6-1918 to 25-1-1986 ). Here are some highlights of his life,adapted from the site sdnarangsfan.com…With thanks.

1. During his life, from 1918 to 1986, he served the Indian Film Industry, at three Capitals of this industry, Lahore (1936 to 1946), Calcutta (l947 to 1951) and Bombay (1952 to 1980), as hero, producer, director, writer and Studio owner.

2. He had the distinction of being the highest educated man in the film industry. He was B.Sc., M.B.B.S and Ph. D from Lahore Medical College.

3. He had the credit of being the debut making leading man of ‘ Khazanchi’ which was The First Indian Film to celebrate the Platinum Jubilee.

4. He was the youngest leading man in Lahore, who played the lead in Khazanchi, Ravi Paar, Zamindar, Patwari, Gawandhi,Thekedar, Sahara,Yeh Hai Zindagi (his first venture as producer-director) and Kamini.

5. In Calcutta he produced ‘Chittagong Armoury Raid’, which was India’s ‘First Revolutionary Film’. He also produced Nai Bhabhi, Ek Raat, Aparajitha, and Chiner Putul and also played the leading roles in these films. Apart from his own movies, he played the lead in Iran Ki Ek Raat and Kajari,which were produced by outside producers.

6. After partition, he had to leave Lahore, like a Refugee, leaving all his assets and immovable property behind him. With his hard work and experience once again he was able to establish himself as the hero, producer, director, writer and Studio owner at Delhi. But the studio proved disaster in disguise for him. Being a soft hearted person, he was giving credit to the producers, who used to shoot their films in his studio. They duped him and he had to suffer heavy losses. With this bitter experience he left the city and entered the City of Dreams and the capital of Entertainment, Bombay, in 1952.

7. Being a passionate movie maker, Dr. S. D. Narang was able to get himself settled in Bombay, within a very short span of time. He had already dedicated himself to the silver screen. Once again he arose alive from his own ashes, like a Phoenix.

8. He made his presence felt in a big way in the big City of Bombay. He produced and directed many films with big stars. In Tanhai and Darban he played the leading role himself. Some of the important films produced by him in Mumbai include, Arab Ka Saudagar, Yahudi Ki Ladki, Dilli Ka Thug, Sagai, Babul Ki Kaliyan, Do Thug, Ram Kasam, College Girl, Do Ustad, Kismatwala and Nishanebaaz. He had also produced Shehnai, which was India’s First Air-Force Film.

9. He was also the producer of Bombay Ka Chor, which was India’s First ‘Holiday-on-Ice’ movie.

10. He has also the credit of producing India’s First Under-water-movie, ‘Anmol Moti’ Jeetendra and Babita starrer.

11. The movie maker with Midas touch, Dr. S. D. Narang, had spent his 50 golden years of his cinematic profession, in the service of Silver Screen.(1936-86). He acted in 7 films and directed 14 Hindi films.

12, Before venturing into the film industry as the leading man, S. D. Narang, had an aptitude for research and while studying in Lahore Medical College, he did research on ‘Binocular Theory Of Vision’, which was published in his college Magazine. He bagged the Ph. D and became the Doctor of Philosophy, though he was already a Doctor of medicines.

13, Apart from being the author of a novel ‘Hippy Aur Yogi’ and ‘Human Psychology’, he had written a most praiseworthy book, ‘An Introduction To The Theory Of ‘Bio-Economics. It was actually a new approach to diagnosis and cure of Inflation and poverty. If applied to the present Global financial crisis, it can change the face of the fiscal fate of the World.

14. In 1960 he got married to actress of his time Smriti Biswas,with whom he had played the lead in many films. After her marriage she stopped signing new films, and decided to play the roles of faithful wife and caring mother. Still she prefers to prepare food for her beloved sons Rajiv Narang and Satyajeet Narang.

Today’s song is sung by Zeenat Begum and an unknown male singer. It seems to be a funny song. Written by lyricist Nazim Panipati ( brother of Producer,Director and Lyricist author Wali Saheb- who was the husband of actress Mumtaz Shanti), it was musically composed by Music Director Pt. Govind Ram. This rare song was given to me by my friend from the US- Abhay Jain and uploaded by our Sadanand ji Kamath. Thanks to both.


Song- Main to lahenga nahin pahnoon (Sahaara)(1943) Singers- Zeenat Begum, Unknown male voice, Lyricist- Nazim Panipati, MD- Pt. Gobind Ram

Lyrics

Main to lehenga nahin een pehnoon
Main to lehenga nahin pehnoon
koi haaye laa de makhmal ki salwaar
o sainyya laade makhmal ki salwaar
o raaja
main to lahanga nahin pehnoon

?? waali
lehanga pahani
?? waali
lehanga pahani
tu isse bejaar

haan haan main isse bejaar
laa de makhmal ki salwaar
o sainyya laa de makhmal ki salwaar
o balma

mohe lahanga raas na aaye
mohe lahanga raas na aaye
dekh kamariya lachki jaaye
mohe lahanga raas na aaye
dekh kamariya lachki jaaye
ise pahan kar gir gir jaaun
sun o makkhi-maar
o
ise pahan kar gir gir jaaun
sun o makkhi-maar
sab dukaanen band padi hain
aaj to hai itwaar
sab dukaanen band padi hain
aaj to hai itwaar

kab laa doge tum
parson
arre bhaad mein jaaye parson warson
makhmal laa de kal ya parson
bade saab se tankha lekar
laa doonga sarkaar
bade saab se tankha lekar
laa doonga sarkaar

pehnoon makhmal ki salwaar
o sainyya
pehnoon makhmal ki salwaar
o raaja
main to lahanga nahin pahnoon
main to lahanga nahin pahnoon


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4931 Post No. : 16773

“Kurbaani”(1943) was directed by Ram Daryani for Murli Movietone, Bombay. This obscure “social” movie had Durga Khote, Ishwarlal, Vasanti, Kaushalya, Gulab, Kamla, Gope, Majid, Sheikh, Dharpure etc in it.

The movie had nine songs in it.

One song from “Kurbaani”(1943) has been covered in the past.

Here is the second song from “Kurbaani”(1943) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Kaushalya and Ishwarlal. Wali Sahab is the lyricist. Music is composed by Khemchand Prakash.

Only the audio of this song is available. Seeing that the singers of this song acted in the movie as well, one can assume that the song was picturised on Kaushalya and Ishwarlal themselves.

Like the first song from the movie, this song too is a delightful song to listen to. This song has retained its freshness even today nearly 80 years after the song was created. Clearly a song that deserves to be better known among music lovers.


Song-Aao aao sajan tohe jhoola jhulaaun (Kurbaani)(1943) Singers-Kaushalya, Ishwarlal, Lyrics-Wali Sahab, MD-Khemchand Prakash
Both

Lyrics

aao
aao
aao
aao aao
aao aao sajan tohe jhoola jhulaaun
aao sajan tohe jhoola jhulaaun
saawan saawan manaao
saawan saawan manaao
tohe jhoola jhulaaun
tohe jhoola jhulaaun
aao sajan tohe jhoola jhulaaun

kaajal ki dori ka jhoola banaa ke
kaajal ki dori ka jhoola banaa ke
nainon ki putli mein tohe bithha ke
nainon ki putli mein tohe bithha ke
aasha ki duniya basaaun
aasha ki duniya basaaun
tohe jhoola jhulaaun
tohe jhoola jhulaaun
tohe jhoola jhulaaun
tohe jhoola jhulaaun
tohe jhoola jhulaaun
tohe jhoola jhulaaun
aao sajan tohe jhoola jhulaaun
aao sajan tohe jhoola jhulaaun
jhoolo to main baanh ka jhoola banaaun
jhoolo to main baanh ka jhoola banaaun

tumhen is naye jhoolne mein bithhaaun
tumhen is naye jhuoolne mein bithhaaun

udhar gaao tum
main idhar gungunaaun
udhar gaao tum
main idhar gungunaaun
tohe jhoola jhulaaun
tohe jhoola jhulaaun
tohe jhoola jhulaaun
tohe jhoola jhulaaun
aao
aao
aao
aao aao
aao aao sajan tohe jhoola jhulaaun
aao sajan tohe jhoola jhulaaun

saawan saawan manaaun
saawan saawan manaaun
tohe jhoola jhulaaun
tohe jhoola jhulaaun
tohe jhoola jhulaaun
tohe jhoola jhulaaun
tohe jhoola jhulaaun
tohe jhoola jhulaaun
aao sajan tohe jhoola jhulaaun
aao sajan tohe jhoola jhulaaun


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4887 Post No. : 16683

Songs from Artiste Name Films….Second Season….No. 6

Today’s song is from the film Shakuntala-1943.

After leaving Prabhat Film Co. in 1942, V.Shantaram came to Bombay. He had definite plans for his future. But till the right time ( read-arrangement for finance) was ripe, he joined the Films Division of the Government. Later, when the arrangements were in place, he bought a studio with extra land to start his own Rajkamal Kala Mandir. He selected this name to keep his parents’ names with him. Father was RAJaram and Mother was KAMALabai. The first film he made here was “Shakuntala” The film was based on ” अभिज्ञान शाकुन्तलम ” written by Kavi Kalidas in the 3rd century. It depicts the story of Shakuntala- daughter of sage Vishwamitra and apsara Menaka. It is about her love with king Dushyant.

Dewan Sharar had adapted the story from the original ” अभिज्ञान शाकुंतलम ” by Mahakavi Kalidas written in the 3rd century. He wrote the story, dialogues and Lyrics ( some lyrics were by Ratan Piya ) also. This was Sharar’s first film with Shantaram . Their association continued for some more films like, Parbat pe apna dera-44, Dr. Kotnis ki amar kahani-46, Apna Desh-49, Teen batti char Raasta-53 and J.J. Payal baje-55.

The cast of the film was Jayashree ( for whom Shantaram had to leave Prabhat), Chandramohan, Zohra, Ameena, Nimbalkar, Nana Palshikar etc etc. For actress Zohra Jaan, this was her last film in India, before Partition. Actually, she was already selected as the Heroine of Shantaram’s next film ‘ Parbat pe apna dera”, but when some communal riots erupted in Bombay for Partition, she got scared and left immediately for Lahore, Pakistan.

One interesting actor in the cast was Madan Mohan (not the Music Director). He had come from Punjab and he stuck with Shantaram’s films He was in Parbat pe apna dera-44 and he became a regular in most films of Shantaram, after that. Likewise another interesting actor was Indurao T. Nimbalkar, a veteran actor from marathi films. He too became almost a regular with Shantaram. In film Shakuntala-43 he played the role of sage Kanva Muni, the foster father of Shakuntala.

Film Shakuntala was a successful film. It not only ran for 104 weeks in Bombay, but it became the first ever Hindi film to be shown in the USA. The New York Times had given a favourable review of the film in its editions. The film was also nominated for the Grand International Award at the 1947 Venice Film Festival.

This was Vasant Desai’s first independent assignment with his mentor-V.Shantaram. he had a long associationwith Rajkamal filmsn subsequently. So, one can see major landmarks were associated with this film.

Now, coming to our point. There were two actresses in Hindi films, named Shakuntala. One was Baby Shakuntala to start with , but later on she became Heroine in many Hit films. She paired with well known heroes, like Kishore Kumar,Bharat Bhooshan,Karan Dewan, Amarnath, Anant marathe, master Bhagwan, Abhi Bhattacharya etc etc. She was a well known actress.

The other Shakuntala was not so well known, because she acted only in the 30’s and 40’s films. Her last film was Paisa-1941 after which she went out of Hindi films.

None of these two Shakunatalas had acted in this film. However, we will see the information on the less known Shakuntala. Her full name was Shakuntala Paranjpye (शकुंतला परांजपे ) She had a very bright career before and after her sojourn into the film world of Hindi and Marathi cinemas. Very few people can match her achievements in films, social work, politics and education. She was the mother of Sai Paranjpye, famous director of offbeat films like Katha, Chashme Baddur, Sparsh etc.

Shakuntalā Parānjpye (17 January 1906 – 3 May 2000) was a writer and a prominent social worker. She was a member of Maharashtra Legislative Council during 1958–64, and was a nominated member of Indian Rajya Sabha (Upper House of Parliament) during 1964–70. In 1991, the Government of India awarded her the Padma Bhushan title in recognition of her pioneering work in the field of family planning since 1938.

Shakuntala Paranjpye was the daughter of Sir R.P.Paranjpye the first Indian to be Senior Wrangler at the University of Cambridge, an educationist, and India’s High Commissioner to Australia during 1944–1947Shakuntala studied for the Mathematical Tripos at Newnham College, Cambridge. She graduated there in 1929. She received a Diploma in Education from London University the next year.
Shakuntala worked in the 1930s with the International Labour Organization in Geneva, Switzerland. In the same decade and in the 1940s,, she also acted in some Marathi and Hindi movies. Shakuntala wrote many plays, sketches, and novels in Marathi. Some of her work was in English.

A Hindi children’s movie, Yeh Hai Chakkad Bakkad Bumbe Bo, which was based on a Marathi story by Shakuntala was released in 2003.

Shakuntala was married for a short time to a Russian painter, Youra Sleptzoff. She had a daughter, Sai Paranjpye, by him in 1938. Soon after Sai’s birth, she divorced Youra, and brought up Sai in her own father’s household. Sai Paranjpye is a noted Hindi movie director and screenwriter. She is known for her comedies and children’s movies. In 1991, the Government of India awarded her the Padma Bhushan title in recognition of her artistic talents.
Shakuntala wrote many books. Some of them are….

1.Three years in Australia
2. Sense and Non sense
3. Kahi ambat kahi goad (Marathi)
4.Desh Videshichya Lok katha (Marathi)

She acted in 13 films- Sairandhri-33, Parth Kumar-34, Bhedi Rajkumar-34,Bhakta Prahlad-34, Typist Girl-35, Sone ka Shahar-35, Kali Waghan-35, Bahadur Beti-35, Duniya na maane-37, Sultana Chand Bibi-38, Jeevan Jyoti-38, Stree-38 and Paisa-41. She sang 9 songs in 4 films-Typist Girl,Sone ka shahar, Stree and Paisa.
Though she ended her Hindi film career in 1941 itself, she is often credited with the films till 1955- films which were actually done by the other (Baby) Shakuntala. This is what I call as “Same Name Confusion”. In fact, (Baby) Shakuntala started her career with film Dus Baje in 1942, so there was no scope for mixing up their filmographies. But wiki as well as most of the film related sites do this mistake.

Today’s song is a short one, with video showing the final departure of Shakuntala, Dushyant and their son-Bharat. It is sung by Amirbai and a chorus with a male voice. The story of film Shakuntala -1943 was –

Shakuntala (Jayshree) is the daughter of sage Vishwamitra and Menaka, but is brought up by the sage Kanva, and stays with him in a forest dwelling. She meets King Dushyanta (Chandra Mohan), when he comes there for a hunt. The two fall in love and get married, with Dushyanta staying with her. Soon he has to leave and he promises to come back for her. Before leaving he gives her a ring as a token of their marriage. Shakuntala passes her days waiting for Dushyanta. She is so lost in his thoughts that she doesn’t hear a sage asking for water. He then leaves her with a curse that the one she is thinking about will forget her. She gives birth to a son, Bharata and several years pass without the return of Dushyanta who has lost his memory and has no recollection of Shakuntala. The ring he has given her is lost in the river and swallowed by a fish. Dushyanta turns her away when Shakuntala goes to the court. Later when Dushyanta recovers his memory Shakuntala refuses to go with him but both are finally united.


Song- Sukh bhara, sukh bhara (Shakuntala)(1943) Singers- Amirbai Karnataki, Unknown male voice, Lyricist- Ratan Piya, MD- Vasant Desai

Lyrics

Sukh bhara
sukh bhara
Sukh bhara
sukh bhara
kare jeevan bharat ye tumhaara

?? varshon ke viyogi
nikla sukh ka taara
Sukh bhara
sukh bhara
kare jeevan bharat ye tumhaara
?? apne praan badhaaye
jai jai kaare
jag mein paaye
rajyawansh(?) ho Bharat naam se
Bhaarat ye pyaara hamaara
bhaarat ye pyaara hamaara
Sukh bhara
sukh bhara
bhaarat ye pyaara hamaara


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4848 Post No. : 16637 Movie Count :

4531

Today’s song is from an absolutely obscure film called Vijay Laxmi-1943. The film’s song are not available on social media like YT etc, but I had 4 songs of this film and I found that this film is yet to make a Debut on our Blog.

If 100 films are made in one year, only about 10% of films are Hits or popular. About 10 to 20 % of films do an average business on Box office, but the rest number of films either flop or disappear from the theatres quickly. That means the majority of the films are not worth remembering. Why does this happen when so much money is poured into the films ? No one wants to waste his money on making a film.

Filmmaking is like playing on a Race Course. 100 people buy tickets and put their money on different horses. Only a few win. The rest lose their money, but then everybody can’t win. It is a matter of Luck, because there is no fixed formula for success. When a producer puts his money into making a film, he has all the hopes to earn profit by making the film a Hit. However, not every film can become a Hit. In Spite of this uncertainty in races, films and other such matters, people take chances again and again by changing their strategies.

Let us now take a look at what the Film scenario was in the year 1943….

1943 was a year in which the II world war was in full swing. Both sides were almost equal. The effects of the war on India were… it faced the infamous Bengal Famine, caused by the war profiteering. Controls on film production were tightened by the Government. I.P.T.A. became operative with its first staged p0lay ‘ Nibanna’. Film Kismet became one of the biggests Hits ever. V.Shantaram’s Rajkamal Kalamandir debuted with Shakuntala, as did Mehboob with his film Najma. Government made showing of Newsreel before any film mandatory. Film Raj Nartaki’s english version The Court Dancer was exhibited in the USA, first time for an Indian film.

1943 produced 105 Hindi films, the highest number during the war years, 1939 to 1945. Many landmark and musical films appeared in this year giving a respite to the war torn audience of Indian Cinema. Let us take a look at some of these films.

Film Bhaichara had music by the only other ” Sursagar” musician – Himangshu Dutt ( the more well known being the singer Jagmohan Sursagar).

C.Ramchandra had his first musical hit with the film Bhakta Raj, made by Jayant Desai productions.

Film Gauri from Ranjit became Monica Desai’s first Hindi film in Bombay. It was a very successful film with songs by Khemchand Prakash, based on Bangla Folk tunes.

Kanan Devi gave some sweet songs in the film Hospital, under Kamal Dasgupta’s baton.

Bombay Talkies film Hamari Baat was the last film in which Devika Rani acted. Anil Biswas was the composer.

Music Director Khurshid Anwar brought Gauhar Sultana from Lucknow to sing some songs in the film Ishara. Naushad'[s musical film Kanoon had some good Suraiya and Shyam duets.

Film Kashinath was Nitin Bose’s last film in New Theatres, after he developed differences with B.N.Sircar.

Anil Biswas gave his career best musical Hit film ” Kismet”- the longest running film from Bombay Talkies.

Nurjehan’s musical film Nadaan was popular with songs from composer K.Datta. Director Mehboob made his first film Najma, under his own banner Mehboob productions.

Yet one more musical from Naushad- film Namaste.

At last a musical hit for composer S.N.Tripathi- Panghat from prakash Pictures. Rajkumari Shukla sang her only Hindi song in this film;. (the film was remade as Chitchor-1976).

Film Paraya Dhan had music by Bengal’s famous musician Gyan Prakash Ghosh. Deena Pathak sang her only 2 songs in this film as Deena Sanghavi.

Ghulam Haider makes merry again with Shamshad hit songs in the film Poonji from Pancholi, Lahore.

One more superhit film – Ram Rajya from Prakash Pictures had very good songs from composer Shankar Rao Vyas. Saraswati Rane gave 2 melodious songs. Yashwant joshi and Yashwant Nikam sang the famous song ” Bharat ki ek Sannari ki katha”. Ram Rajya had also a distinction as the only Hindi film that was seen by Mahatma Gandhi, on 2-6-1944.
( before this Gandhi had seen ” Mission to Moscow-43′ an English film, in Wardha, according to The Hindu (Kathmandu Ed.) dt.8-2-2010). The film had early songs by Manna Dey also.

Naushad in full swing with his 3rd Musical Sanjog, where Suraiya gave playback to Mehtab, the Heroine.

Vasant Desai gave excellent songs in the hit film Shakuntala by V.Shantaram.

Hospital- excellent songs by kanan Devi.

Kanoon- another hit from Naushad.

Mera Khwab- MD Ghulam Mohammed’s Debut film

Najma- Mehboob khan’s first film, on Muslim society.

Nurse- Gyan Dutt gave an excellent song of Rajkumari-‘ Vo gaye nahin’

Prithvi Vallabh- A big budget costume drama made by Minerva, based on story of K.M.Munshi. It had songs by Minakshi Shirodkar.

Tansen- Saigal’s first film in Bombay. Khurshid matches him song by song.

Taqdeer- Nargis aka Baby Fatima debuted as an adult. However her name comes third in the credits, after Motilal and Chandramohan.

Besides these films, the following films were also made but their names are not even known to most people. These films just came and went into oblivion !
Andhera, Angoothi, Ashirwad, Bhalai, Chhed Chhad, Daawat, Duniya Deewani, Jangi jawan, Kurbani,Mohabbat, mauj, Pati pooja, prem sangeet, Rekha, Sahara, Salma, Sawaal, Tasweer, Vijay laxmi and Zameen etc etc. These are only sample names. I have not counted C grade and stunt or costume films, which were plenty in numbers.

Today’s film Vijay Laxmi was made by Indian Art Pictures and was directed by one G.S.Kashyap. I find that his name appears as a Director only for this film in the HFGK. Possibly he was a one film director like many in the war period ( who would provide finance also for the film to become a director ). The music was composed by G.M.Durrani, who was basically a singer but had a strong desire to also be a composer. While he sang 305 songs in 168 films, he also composed music in 8 films and acted in 16 films. He even wrote 1 song in film Nazare-1949.

The cast of the film was Shobhana Samarth, Motilal, Yashodhara katju, Gope, David, Meher Bano (actress Purnima, in adult life),Bhudo Advani, Leela Mishra and many others. In this film even Leela Mishra’s husband Ram Prasad Mishra had also done a small role and his name appears in the credits too.

Leela Mishra (1 January 1908 – 17 January 1988) was a Hindi film actress. She worked as a character actor in over 300 Hindi films for five decades, and is best remembered for playing stock characters such as aunts (Chachi or Mausi). She is best known for her role of “mausi” in the blockbuster Sholay (1975), Dil Se Mile Dil (1978), Baton Baton Mein (1979), Rajesh Khanna films such as Palkon Ki Chhaon Mein, Aanchal, Mehbooba, Amar Prem and Rajshri Productions hits such as Geet Gaata Chal (1975), Nadiya Ke Paar (1982) and Abodh (1984). Her career’s best performance was in Naani Maa in 1981, for which she received the Best Actress award at the age of 73.

Leela Mishra was married to Ram Prasad Mishra, who was a character artist, then working in silent films. She got married at the very young age of 12. By the time she was 17, she had two daughters. She hailed from Jais, Raebareli, and she and her husband were from zamindar (landowners) families.

Leela Mishra was discovered by a man called Mama Shinde, who was working for Dadasaheb Phalke’s Nasik Cinetone. He persuaded her husband to make her work in films. During those days there was a severe scarcity of women actors in films; this was evident in the paychecks that the Mishras received when they went to Nasik for the shooting. While Ram Prasad Mishra was hired on a salary of Rs. 150 per month, Leela Mishra was offered Rs. 500 per month. However, as they fared poorly in front of the camera, their contracts were cancelled.

The next opportunity that came their way was an offer to work in the movie Bhikarin, which was being produced by a company owned by the Maharaja of Kolhapur. However, Leela Mishra lost out on this opportunity too, as the role required her to put her arms round the actor (who was not her husband) while delivering a dialogue, which she point-blank refused to do.

Their next film was Gangavataran-37, directed by Dadasaheb Phalke. This was his only and the last Talkie film. In this film Leela did the role of Parvati. This became her first film.

She faced a similar problem while working in another film titled Honhaar. She was cast opposite Shahu Modak as a heroine, and was supposed to hug and embrace him, which she again refused steadfastly. Since the company was legally in a weak position, they couldn’t turn her out of the film, which proved to be a blessing in disguise for her. She was offered Modak’s mother’s role in the film and it clicked instantly. This opened the doors for her to play mother roles at the young age of 18.

Early on in her career she acted in notable films such as the musical hit Anmol Ghadi (1946), Raj Kapoor’s Awaara (1951) and Nargis-Balraj Sahni starrer Lajwanti (1958), which was nominated for the Palme d’Or for Best Film at 1959 Cannes Film Festival.

She acted in the first Bhojpuri film, Ganga Maiya Tohe Piyari Chadhaibo (1962), which also starred Kumkum, Helen and Nasir Hussain.

Her roles varied from mothers, benign or evil aunts, to comic roles.

She acted in 344 films. Her last released film was Aatank-96. 8 films were released after her death. ( Thanks to wiki, Ateet ke sitare, muVyz, HFGK and my notes).

I have no idea about the film’s story or other details. The song was given to me by friend Abhay Jain (USA) and was uploaded by our Sadanand Kamath ji. Thanks to both.

Editor’s note:_Readers are request to suggest correction to the lyrics wherever applicable.


Song- Bano sudeshi bano Sudeshi (Vijay Laxmi)(1943) Singers- G M Durrani, Lyricist- Not known, MD- G M Durrani

Lyrics

Bano sudeshi
Bano sudeshi
Bano sudeshi
Bano sudeshi
?? bhayo ??
?? bhayo ??
?? bhayo ??

tan sudeshi man sudeshi
maal ?? deshwaalon
kyun nahin lete sudeshi
desh hai kangaal
desh hai kangaal

?? bhayo ??
?? bhayo ??
?? bhayo ??
??
bano sudeshi
bano sudeshi
bano sudeshi
bano sudeshi

laakhon hamaare bhai
zinda hi mar rahe hain
roti ka nahin tukda
faakon se mar rahe hain
aanten hain unki bhookhi
aanten hain unki bhookhin
bachche hain unke bhookhe
maayen hain unki bhookhi

kapdon ko mohtaaj
dhaanp nahin saktin
maa behnen
apne tan ki laaj
apne tan ki laaj
unki roti aatma ka
unse hai sawaal
unse hai sawaal
unki roti aatma ka
unse hai sawaal
unse hai sawaal
?? bhayo ??
?? bhayo ??
bano sudeshi
bano sudeshi
bano sudeshi
bano sudeshi

jo desh pe urbaan
achche wahi insaan
desh laakhon mit gaye
zinda hai Hindustan
zinda hai Hindustan

Desh apna bemisaal
uska tum se hai sawaal
Desh apna bemisaal
uska tum se hai sawaal
?? bhayo ??
?? bhayo ??
marte dam Bhagwaan
de yahi vardaan
har har janam humko miley
ye pyaara Hindustaan
har har janam humko miley
ye pyaara Hindustaan
pyaara Hindustaan
pyaara Hindustaan
pyaara Hindustaaaan


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4792 Post No. : 16551 Movie Count :

4506

The name of Chimanlal Trivedi, the producer-director may not ring bell in the minds of most of the admirers of old Hindi films. In Mumbai, he was the contemporary of well-known producer-directors like Chandulal Shah, A R Kardar, Mehboob Khan, V Shantaram etc in the 1940s.

After working as a writer in Sagar Movietone, in 1937, he set up a film production company, CIRCO (Cine Industries and Recording Company Ltd.) with the help of some Bombay-based shareholders as a public limited company in association with New Theatres. He became the Managing Director of CIRCO. The arrangement was that films would be produced by New Theatres’ in Kolkata with their artists and the financing/marketing of the films would be done by CIRCO in Mumbai. Both of them would share the profit. In 1939, CIRCO took upon itself the production of films in Mumbai with ‘Laxmi’ (1940).

Sometime in 1940, Chimanlal Trivedi was under cloud as there was a court case against him for mismanagement of funds of CIRCO. He had resiged as Managing Director of CIRCO in April 1941. I felt that perhaps this court case may have something to do with Chimanlal Trivedi leaving CIRCO to set up a new film production company, Laxmi Productions. After intense searches on the internet, I got a reference to CIRCO court case in indiankanoon. It was an 8-page judgement delivered on November 24, 1941 by Bombay High Court. The gist of the court case is as under:

A shareholder of CIRCO filed a petition in Bombay High Court against Chimanlal Trivedi, the managing director for the mismanagement of funds and to wind up CIRCO as insolvent based on its financial statements for the year ended March 1940. The court did not find any evidence against Chimanlal Trivedi of mismanagement of fund of CIRCO. As regards declaring the CIRCO insolvent, the Company put the arguments that there were 3 films under productions – ‘Apna Ghar’ (1942, directed by Debki Bose), ‘Nai Duniya’ (1942, directed by A R Kardar) and ’Mahatma Vidur’ (1943, directed by P Y Altekar). As per the estimates, CIRCO was expected to earn a profit of Rs. 11 lakhs after the release of these three films taking into account the star value of the main actors and the eminent directors. The petitioner argued that these three films can as well run into losses.

The court held the view that it cannot declare a company insolvent merely based on the speculation that there could be losses after the release of the films. None of the creditors of the CIRCO and a majority of the shareholders have supported the petition for winding up. The court dismissed the petition with cost.

One of the interesting example of the mismanagement of funds of CIRCO was that Shanta Apte was paid Rs,90000/- for working as heroine in a single film which, according to the petitioner, was unreasonably high. The film was not even completed when the matter was under discussion in the court. CIRCO responded by revealing that the amount was paid to Shanta Apte as ‘waiting salary’ for the unexpired period of her contract with Prabhat Film Company. If the CIRCO had not done so, several film producers would have grabbed the opportunity to secure her services for their future film productions.

Another bone of contention between the petitioner and the company was the way the profit was measured in the film industry. CIRCO had drawn the profit and loss account with realizable revenue from film distributors and expected revenue from the films under production for which distribution rights had been contracted. The petitioner found this practice not in keeping with the good accounting principles as this accounting system hides the true financial position of the company.

On the other hand, CIRCO maintained that it followed the convention among the film production companies in drawing its profit and loss account. More often, there were long gap between making of a film and releasing it. During the making of the films, a good amount of money was spent while the income from films would accrue only after their releases and that too, over a period of time. During the intervening period, the company will have to show losses in its profit and loss account. Hence an estimate of revenue of the company was made for the films under production based on the commitment by the film distributors and also the likely response from the film audience based on the star value.

If all the film production companies of that time drew their profit and loss account based on the estimated future profit, it amounts to masking their true financial position. Probably, this type of ‘accounting jugglery’ made some of the producers to float multiple film production companies after closing the earlier ones. Chimanlal Trivedi was no exception as after 1951, he had floated film production companies in different names.

Though the court verdict came in favour of Chimanlal Trivedi and the Company, this was short-lived as CIRCO went into liquidation in 1942. So, the apprehension of a shareholder who had filed the petition in the court about the mismanagement of funds turned out to be correct even though the Bombay High Court had dismissed his petition. It is interesting to note that Chimanlal Trivedil had hired A R Kardar to direct ‘Swami’ (1941) and ‘Nai Duniya’ (1942) under CIRCO banner. After the liquidation of CIRCO, it was A R Kardar who bought CIRCO’s studio at Parel for Kardar Productions.

Chimanlal Trivedi seems to have departed from the usual practice of hiring the actors and crew as per the studio system. It is said that he would first plan the film project and then hire the actors and crew as per the requirements of the new film. Often, he would select the most popular lead actors and directors as per their box office success and pay them in lumpsum for the film which would often work out much higher than what actors would have got under the studio system. It was reported in Filmindia magazine that Chimanlal Trivedi’s ‘highjacking’ of star actors and directors from some of the well known film production companies of that time affected their shooting schedules for the films under productions.

For ‘Tamanna’ (1942), the maiden film under Laxmi Productions, Chimanlal Trivedi hired Leela Desai, one of the successful actresses of New Theatres along with Jairaj with 7 crew members from Bengal which included Phani Majumdar as director, K C Dey as actor-music director, Bibhuti Laha as Cinematographer and Robin Chatterjee as Sound Recordist. It was Leela Desai’s maiden film in Mumbai. It is said that his financial offer to Leela Desai was so attractive vis-à-vis her salary in New Theatre that she accepted the offer.

Chimanlal Trivedi produced around 45 films during 1940-1960. Surprisingly, even with high-end star actors and eminent directors, especially in 1940s when he produced 28 films, there was not a single film which can be tagged as an outstadning film under his banners. In the 1950s, most of his films he produced were of ‘B’ Grade.

‘Sharaafat’ (1943) was third film with Leela Desai-Chimanlal Trivedi combination as actor and producer, respectively under the banner of Laxmi Productions. The star cast included Leela Desai, Pahadi Sanyal, Jagdish Sethi, Agha, Moti, Ghulam Rasool, S L Puri etc. The film had 9 songs which were set to music by Ashok Ghosh. Lyricist for all the songs is unknown.

I am presenting the first song, ‘aayi aayi re maalan singapur se’ from the film to appear on the Blog. HFGK is silent on the singers of the song. But it is apparent that the voices in the song are that of Amirbai Karnataki and Pahadi Sanyal with an unknown female voice in between. At the outset, the song appears to be ‘sales pitch’ but after the completion of the song, a long musical orchestration gives an impression of a stage song.

With this song, ‘Sharaafat’ (1943) makes its debut on the Blog.

Audio Clip:

Song-Aayi aayi re maalan Singapur se (Sharaafat)(1943) Singers-Amirbai Karnataki, Pahadi Sanyal, Unknown female voice, MD-Ashok Ghosh
Amirbai Karnataki + Pahadi Sanyal

Lyrics

aayi aayi re
haan aayi aayi re
aayi re maalan Singapur se
haan Singapur se
haan haan Singapur se
oh
aaya aaya re
haan haan aaya aaya re
aaya re maali
haan Rangoon se
haan haan Rangoon se
haan haan Rangoon se

rang birange phool hamaare
rang birange phool hamaare
rang birange gehane
bhaagonwaala le jaayega
bhaagonwaali pehne

gori pehanegi
haan gori pehanegi
dil ke hain naina jaa ke teer se
haan haan jaa ke teer se
haan haan jaa ke teer se

aayi re maalan Singapur se

phoolon se mehka do
more tan ko aaj saja do
phoolon se meha do
more tan ko aaj saja do
bas jaaun aa ke nainon mein
aisa jaal bichhaa do

aao aao ree
haan haan
aao aao ree
raah takoon mein teri der se
haan teri der se
haan haan teri der se

aayi re maalan Singapur se

raat ki raani kaa gajra
champe ki kaliyon kaa jhoomar
kyun deke phoolon ki maala
nargis ke gunchhon ki jhaanjhar
nikhra waah waah roop tihaara
joban dhoom machaaye
nikhra waah waah roop tihaara
joban dhoom macchaaye
nayi jawaani chhaayi raani
jo dekhe lalchaaye

aao aao ri
haan haan aao aao ri
raah takoon mein teri der se
haan teri der se
haan haan teri der se

aayi re maalan Singapur se


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4788 Post No. : 16544 Movie Count :

4504

Today’s song is from the film Pratigya-1943.

In HFGK the name of the film in Hindi is correct-” प्रतिज्ञा ”, but in English it is written as ” Pratigya “. I do not understand why it could not be written correctly as ” प्रतिज्ञा “. Even film Sant Gyaneshwar-1940 had the same problem. In Hindi it is written correctly, but in English it is Gyaneshwar. Some English language scholars must solve this puzzle. My guess is, because in colloquial Hindi language ज्ञ is pronounced as ग्य . Like ग्यान for ज्ञान . HFGK must have opted for this spelling. It is funny – in Hindi it is written correctly, but in English, this way. If it was the other way round, I could have understood, since colloquial Hindi is Gya. I can’t somehow digest this awatar of English words !

Film Pratigya-43 was made by Chitra productions and was directed by Nandlal Jaswantlal. He was one of the few foreign trained directors of Hindi films. Unfortunately, he died quite young and suddenly. The music director for this film was Ninu Majumdar ( it is not mentioned in HFGK, but Harish Raghuwanshi ji has confirmed it). Incidentally, his father was also working in this film. The cast of the film was Motilal, Swarnalata, Baby Meena (Meena kumari), Veena Kumari, Nagendra (Ninu Majumdar’s father), Hari Shivdasani (father of Babita), Bhudo Advani, Majid etc.

Motilal was one of my favourite actors because his acting was so natural and casual. In the film industry, there were few other actors too like – Ashok kumar, Balraj Sahni, Sanjeev Kumar etc. of course the senior most and the first such actor was Motilal. While his first film Shehar ka Jaadu came in 1934, Ashok Kumar’s first film Jeevan Naiya came in 1936. Initially Ashok Kumar’s acting was not natural, it was very awkward. He did not know what to do with his hands. Because of this dilemma, his acting became theatrical. However in his 13 th film-Naya Sansar-41 in which his role was of a Journalist, he had to smoke in the role. This actually solved his hand’s problem completely and from this film onwards his acting became mature and very natural. But the ‘cigarette in hand’ became his trademark in almost every film.

Motilal started his career in Sagar Movietone.In his first film his Heroine was a senior actress Sabita Devi. Their pair became so popular that they acted in 10 films together. Sabita Devi and Motilal’s first movie as a pair in the famous Sagar Movietone, was Lure of the City (aka Shaher ka Jadoo) which released on 29 th September 1934 at the Imperial Cinema Bombay. This movie was directed by Kaliprasad Ghosh and music was composed by K.C.Dey (the blind singer). Cast : Sabita Devi, Motilal, M.Kumar, K.C.Dey and Kamalabai.

This was the sound debut of Kaliprasad Ghosh at Sagar after a few successful movies directed in the silent era. Mehboob Khan was earlier selected for the lead role and was later replaced by Motilal. This was actor Motilal’s debut film and Motilal – Sabita made the best couple of the Sagar Film Company since then in many other movies under the banner of the Sagar such as, Silver King (1935), Dr Madhurika (1935), Lagna Bandhan (1936), Jeevan Lata (1939), Kulvadhu (1937), Kokila (1937), three hundred days and after (1938) and later in Sudhama Films in Ap Ki Marzi (1939) and Minerva’s Prarthana (1944).

Motilal earned millions and spent millions. He loved a good life. He was fond of good food, good clothing, good wine and a Royal lifestyle. He played on Race course and had few Race Horses too. He was the first actor to have his own small aeroplane. He had a Pilot’s licence. However, in his last days, he lost everything and became a pauper.

” A broken and a defeated man, he did not live to see the release of the one film he produced. ‘Chhoti Chhoti Baaten’ (1965)– a very close autobiographical presentation of his own life, turned out to be a production disaster for him. The loss of finances and assets may not have meant much to him, but it was the turning away of the ones he considered to be lifelong friends that probably broke him completely.

Near the end of his days, he was suffering with health problems, and was in the hospital. His pet project ‘Chhoti Chhoti Baaten’, was nearing completion, but the remaining work was moving very slowly due to financial and other difficulties. Anil Biswas, whom he had given the music composition responsibility, was those days in Delhi, working for All India Radio. He came to visit Motilal. In the hospital, Motilal implored Anil Biswas to complete the music for the film, so that it could be made ready for release. Anil Biswas responded, almost heartlessly, asking to be paid for the work that was already done and for the remaining work for background music. Motilal was stunned. And then he passed away a few days later. The work on the film was eventually completed through the efforts of Mukesh, his cousin, who convinced Anil Biswas to complete the work on the film. The film got critical acclaim and also won a special certificate of merit from the President of India, as part of that year’s national awards. Alas, but he himself was not around to see it.” ( an extract from Sudhir ji’s post, with thanks.)

In the cast of this film there is a name Veena Kumari. Today’s song is also sung by Veena Kumari and Amirbai Karnataki. We all know that there was another famous actress Veena in the same period. Here is a fresh case of ” SAME NAME CONFUSIONS “. In my first book, released in 2018, I had clarified about 56 artistes coming under the SNC category. In the last one and half years I have discussed 14 such new artistes and including today’s case, there will be 16 artistes. The total comes to 72 and surprisingly there are 36 Males and 36 female artistes in this group, so far. However, I feel, as the time passes by, there are still few more cases yet to come to light and that, finally in this, the females will outnumber the males in numbers.

One of the reasons for this could be that in the early era, actresses came from Muslim Tawayef families or even poor families. In such families, the girls’ names were pretty common – like Nurjahan, Zubeida, Khurshid, Naseem or Shameem etc. Those who came first in films kept their original names, others had to change their names. But even then, the limited stock of names created problems. For example, Khursheed Akhtar changed her name to Shyama, but there were already 2 Shyamas working in films. One more example was today’s case. Originally Nurjahan, changed name to Veena Kumari, but there was another Veena working in films.

The trouble with same names is when you want to write about them, their Filmography is mixed up. Secondly, most sites, blogs and Fb pages invariably mix up even their Bio data, in addition to Filmography. My B.P. goes up when I see this . Whenever possible, I try to give explanations to make corrections, but every time it is not possible. Further they quote from sites like Wiki and IMDB, who are the major culprits in creating, sustaining and nurturing the same name confusions.

Anyway, let us now see who this Veena Kumari was. Her original name was Nurjahan. Her father was a landlord in Lucknow. She was born in 1916. As per customs of those times, she never went to school, but being well to do, got private tutors and she learnt Urdu and English sufficiently to read and speak. She was a typical good looking girl. She was very fond of seeing silent films with her father. When the Talkie films started, her interest grew much more and she decided to join films. She was a natural good singer too and this helped her get into films.

Her first film was Inteqam-33, where she worked without any fees. Here she was credited with her real name Nurjahan. In the 1939 film Swastik, made by Mohan Pictures, she became the Veena kumari-heroine of Jeevan. She continued working in films like Radhika,Asra and Kasauti- all 1941, Gharib and Zevar in 42, pratigya, masterjee and Chiragh in 43, Mujrim-44, Gunjan and Shauhar in 48. Shauhar was made by her own banner-Dil-Sitan arts. The film was directed by her. Her last film was Basera-50. She sang 22 songs in 7 films. She was quite good at singing. When you hear her today’s song, you will agree with me.

Now let us see what proves they were 2 different persons. Firstly, Veena Kumari started her career much earlier than Veena. Secondly, Veena started acting in Punjabi films in 1941 only and then came to Bombay for film Yaad-42, Najma-43,Rajputani-44, Humayun-45 etc. Thirdly, Veena kumari was a B grade actress and her films were made by smaller banners, whereas, from the beginning, Veena was in the Big league of Mazhar khan, Ranjit, Mehboob, Kardar, K.Asif, Minerva etc. Fourthly, Veena kumari stopped working in 1950, while Veena continued till 1983. The most important point was, Veena could not sing, whereas Veena kumari sang 22 songs in 7 films. All this clearly separates them as different actresses.

Veena acted in about 100 films in her 40 years’ career. Her Biodata is available freely on the Internet as well as on this Blog. So much for the Same Name Confusion in this case.

Now let us listen to today’s song. With this song, film Pratigya-1943 makes its Debut on this Blog.


Song- Hum kidhar chale ri sakhi hum kidhar chale (Pratigya)(1943) Singers-Veena Kumari, Amirbai Karnataki, Lyricist- Unknown, MD- Ninu Majumdar
Both

Lyrics

Hum kidhar chale ri sakhi
Hum kidhar chale
le chali taqdeer jidhar
hum udhar chale

Hum kidhar chale ri sakhi
Hum kidhar chale
le chali taqdeer jidhar
hum udhar chale

pal mein yahaan pal mein wahaan
hum chale na jaane kahaan
pal mein yahaan pal mein wahaan
hum chale na jaane kahaan
is dagar kabhi to kabhi us dagar chale
is dagar kabhi to kabhi us dagar chale
le chali taqdeer jidhar
hum udhar chale
le chali taqdeer jidhar
hum udhar chale

barsaat ka din hai
saawan ka maheena
barsaat ka din hai
saawan ka maheena
ban ban mein bajaati hai koyal ?? veena
barsaat ka din hai
saawan ka maheena

pyaar ke mausam mein sakhi hum kidhar chale
is pyaar ke mausam mein sakhi hum kidhar chale
le chali taqdeer jidhar
hum udhar chale
le chali taqdeer jidhar
hum udhar chale

aa main tujhe le chaloon saajan ki nagariya
aa main tujhe le chaloon saajan ki nagariya
beech ke panghat pe sakhi bhar le gagariya
teri bhar le gagariya
beech ke panghat pe sakhi bhar le gagariya
teri bhar le gagariya
tujh to milegaa tera saajan ?? tale
tujh to milegaa tera saajan ?? tale

hum jidhar chale
hum jidhar chale
le chali taqdeer jidhar
hum udhar chale
le chali taqdeer jidhar
hum udhar chale
hum kidhar chale ri sakhi
hum kidhar chale
le chali taqdeer jidhar
hum udhar chale


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4784 Post No. : 16539

Today’s song is from the film Prarthana-1943. The film was made by Minerva Movietone. The music was composed by Saraswati Devi. After a vertical rift between a disgruntled group led by S. Mukherjee in Bombay Talkies, the group left Bombay talkies and established their own Filmistan studio. Many people went with them. Some remained with Devika Rani. Saraswati devi also left Bombay Talkies but became a Free-Lance, without joining any group. The cast of the film was Sabita Devi, Motilal, Jahanara Kajjan, Nimbalkar, Menaka, K.N.Singh and many others.

The film was directed by Sarvottam Badami. Badami’s case is an example how strong will and hard work can really help anyone to come up in life. The rise and life of Sarvottam Badami shows how a simple Motor mechanic can reach a high place in the career by mere will to succeed. His life story can become a lesson to all who want to achieve success.

Sarvottam Badami was born in 1910 at Channapatna in Karnataka,to a revenue officer working in Mysore. He passed his SSLC and worked as a garage mechanic and then a projectionist in Select Picture House, Bangalore, both of which were owned by Dr. Ambalal Patel. Patel moved to Bombay and financed Ardeshir Irani of Imperial Film Company, and Chimanlal Desai as a partner forming Sagar Movietone in 1930.
At the age of 19 years, Badami went to Bombay to study automobile engineering. He was asked by Ardeshir Irani who met him at a wedding to help out with the recording equipment he had purchased from abroad.

Badami helped in the sound recording department for the first Talkie in India, Ardeshir Irani’s Alam Ara (1931). Around that time a German director making the film Harishchandra left half-way and Badami offered to complete it, the co-director was Raja Chandrasekhar, although the co-director credit has also been cited as T. C. Vadivelu Naicker. The film turned out to be successful. He was contracted by Sagar Movietone (Sagar Film Company) to direct three films, two in Telugu and one in Tamil: Galava Rishi (Tamil), Rama Paduka Pattabhishekam and Shakuntala in Telugu. The success of these films established him as a director. His working team had people like the cinematographer Faredoon Irani, music director Anil Biswas and the Sagar Movietone favourites Sabita Devi and Motilal.

Initially, to avoid embarrassment to his family he requested not to be credited in the regional language films. He did not know Hindi but from 1932-1947, he worked for Sagar Movietone and also directed nearly 30 films in Hindi, for many others. His first Hindi film was Chandrahasa (1933) starring Noor Mohammed Charlie. He was paid Rs 2000 per film with the complete film being made within Rs 50,000. He worked with most of the top actors of the time like Motilal, Nargis, Ashok Kumar and Pahari Sanyal. He brought Mehboob Khan who was then doing roles as an extra out of obscurity and gave him the role of Sabita Devi’s father in the film Vengeance is mine(1935).

He made several films based on novels. Some of the writers whose work he used were K.M.Munshi, Sarat Chandra and Ramanlal Vasanthlal Desai. The film Aap ki Marzi (1939) was inspired by the Hollywood film Paradise for Three (1938). He became known for his satirical comedies and “socially relevant films”.His film Grihalaxmi (1934), which starred Jal Merchant and Sabita Devi had the woman getting into marriage only if her doctor husband agreed not to want children. The success of the film mitigated the enraged public reaction at the time.

He showed his understanding of media publicity required for films when in 1937, Badami resorted to woo audiences by announcing cash prizes of Rs.500, Rs.200 and Rs.100 for the best reviews of his newly released film Kulvadhu (1937). The promotional gambit worked sending audiences to the theatres. According to an interview, most of Badami’s films didn’t survive as the negatives were burnt to extract the silver from the silver nitrate.

After Aap ki Marzi-38, he followed his mentor, Dr. Patel and joined Sudama Pictures, when in 1939, Sagar Movietone merged into National Films. Badami

also worked in Famous Cine Laboratories, from 46 to 48.

Apparently, in 1948 Deputy Prime Minister Vallabh bhai Patel, who was then also in charge of the Information Ministry, on a visit to the Cine Laboratories Bombay, asked Badami to help set up a NewsReel and Documentary section. The Films Division was established in 1948. He became chief producer in the newsreel department and made several documentaries. He worked in the Films Division making documentaries from 1948-1952. After that he stopped making films and returned to Bangalore to retire as “I was a forgotten man in the feature film world”. He became an industrialist by starting a manufacturing business. Later he worked as a Consultant for Kamani Group of Industries also. He died in 2005 in Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

FILMOGRAPHY: 1932: Harishchandra; Galava Rishi; Paduka Pattabhishekham; Shakuntala; 1933: Chandrahasa; 1934: Grihalakshmi; 1935: Dr. Madhurika; Vengeance is Mine; 1936: Jeevan Lata; Grama Kanya; 1937: Kokila; Kulavadhu; 1938: Three Hundred Days and After; 1939: Aap Ki Marzi; Ladies Only; 1940: Chingari; Sajani; 1941: Holiday in Bombay; 1942: Khilona; 1943: Prarthana; 1944: Bhagya Lakshmi; 1945: Ramayani; 1946: Uttara Abhimanyu; 1947: Manmani; 1951: Vinoba Bhave (Doc);1952: Roof over the head

(Ack: Sapnon ke saudagar by Vithal Pandya, Sagar Movietone by Biren Kothari, HFGK, muVyz, Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, and my notes)

The film cast includes the name of Jahanara Kajjan. She was one of the last operating successful actresses from the Silent era. From a Tawaif family, Kajjan was counted amongst the elite society of Calcutta. In Bombay, however, she was not having that aura around her name.

JAHAN ARA BEGUM KAJJAN was born in Patna, Bihar, on 15-2-1915. She was the daughter of the courtesan Suggan and the Nawab of Bhagalpur’. Her mother was a famous singer from Lucknow. She grew up in Patna. She got a lot of attention for her education. She was taught Urdu at home and her maternal grandfather Syed Hussain taught her English. She , being very clever ,soon became proficient in both languages. At the same time she learnt household chores also. She learnt music under the guidance of Ustad Husnu Khan of Patna. Singing was in her blood anyway. She was very beautiful.

Kajjan belonged to a family of professional artistes, who carried the tag of tawaifs or courtesans. They were also invited by the princely courts and aristocracy to perform at their private mehfils. With their refined manners they provided stimulating company to the male elite. An established code of conduct ruled out marriage in their profession but they were allowed to have a liaison with a chosen patron. Kajjan’s mother Suggan apparently had one such relationship with her father.

The anti-nautch campaign at the beginning of the 20th Century denigrated the singing and dancing profession. Some, among them, became gramophone singers or theatre stage actors. Kajjan had received education at home and even learnt English. Well versed in Urdu literature, she wrote poetry under the pen name “Ada” and some of her poems were published in Urdu magazines. She received intensive training in Hindustani classical music from Ustad Hussain Khan of Patna. Noting her mastery of ragas, her mellifluous voice and also her charming looks, she was hired by a theatre company at Patna. She is said to have performed on stage for three days at a fee of Rs.250 per show. She enchanted the audience with her golden voice. This paved the way to her joining Alfred Company owned by Madan Theatres of Calcutta. According to Fida Hussain, a Parsi theatre legend, “He worked with actress Jahanara Kajjan becoming her director and leading man”. Kajjan attained name and fame as a very popular singer and actor of the stage.

Because of her beauty and singing skills,she was invited to work on the Urdu stage. Master Fida Hussain, who was a well known actor, singer, composer and director on Urdu stage had joined ‘Alfred Theatre co.’. It was owned by the Madons of calcutta. Kajjan was taken in it and the troupe toured U.P. and M.P. During this period, Kajjan was romantically involved in Master Fida hussain.

She used to appear on stage at the rate of Rs.250 per show per day. Once when she was performing in Patna, one of the owners of Madon Theatres, Calcutta saw her and offered her roles in films. She immediately accepted it and went to Calcutta.

Silent film era was dominated by Parsee, Anglo-Indian and Jew girls, due to their white skin and open attitudes. Once the Talkie films started, they became useless as they did not know how to speak in Hindi or sing. In such circumstances actresses like Kajjan got the opportunities. Her first film was ‘ Shirin Farhad’-1931. paired with Master Nissar she sang 17 songs in this film. This pair became very popular. Her next film was ‘Indrasabha 1932’,having a world record 71 songs in the film. Kajjan sang 29 songs in it. The film was based on the drama by Agha Hasan Amaanat.

In Calcutta kajjan became very famous. She lived a rich and lavish life, mixing among the elite of Calcutta like Prices, Nawabs, High authorities, the mega rich etc. her dresses and jewellery were talk of the women of the rich and the famous. She had instructed her designer to make only such sarees, which no one in India will ever wear ! She was a regular invitee to even Viceroy’s parties.

She worked only with Madon Theatres. Brijlal Verma was the composer of Madon Theatres. It was a favourite quartet of Madon films, Brijlal’s misc kajjan and Master Nissar. Together they ruled the early phase of Talkie films. Films like Shirin farhad-31,Laila majnu-31,Shakuntala-31,Bilwamangal-32,Aankh ka nasha-33,Dhruva charitra-33,Turki sher-33,Zahreela saanp-33 had kajjan songs by brijlal Verma. During this period, she was the highest paid actress in India. Kajjan had a romantic affair with Brijlal Verma too. Kajjan also sang in Roopkumari-34,Sakhi lutera-34,Apradhi abla-35, and Mera Pyara-35 which had her songs.

Kajjan was a good dancer. She learnt dancing from Miss Ruqayya khatoon. She was among the regular dancers in Calcutta Clubs, along with actress Mahazabeen. Kajjan was friendly with westerners. She was fond of pets. For some time she had 2 tiger cubs as her pets and this became the talk of the town in Calcutta.

After Brijlal Verma,it was a rich financer, Seth Karnani, who, just to impress kajjan, bought the entire Madon theatres for a sum of Rs. 24 lakhs in those days ! A very handsome actor of that era Najmul hassa had a torrid affair with Kajjan. He is the same Najmul Hassan, who had eloped with Devika Rani-wife of Himanshu Rai, owner of Bombay Talkies, from Bombay to Calcutta. Devika rani returned to her husband shortly, but he had to remain in Calcutta-for safety.

Kajjan worked in Gulru zarina, Swami Bhakti Alibaba aur chaalis chor and Jahan Ara also. By end of the 30s Madon Theatres closed down and Kajjan also stopped work for few years.

In the early 40s,kajjan worked in Abla shakti and Ghar sansar-42,Prarthana and Prithvi Vallabh-43 and her last film Bharthari-1944. The songs of Bharthari, composed by Khemchand Praksah also became very popular. Due to her sweet voice she was called ” The Lark of Indian Cinema”.

Jahan Ara Kajjan died on 15-12-1945,at the age of only 30 years. 2 films, Jadui putli-46 and tiger man-47 were released after her death. Kajjan acted in 40 films. She sang78 songs in 14 films.

During her lifetime she lived like a queen. She became a Legend. She acted and sang in almost 40 films in her small career. During the period 1931 to 1937 there was a ” Kajjan Mania ” in India. Her styles and fashions were copied by the elite ladies.

Credits and references- with thanks-
1.Stages of life: Indian Theatre Biographies-By Kathryn Hansen
2. Kamalp.blogspot.in
3.Dhunon ki yatra-Pankaj Raag
4.the big Indian picture.com
5.My own notes from diaries.


Song- Aaya saawan aa jaa sajan sooni sejariya (Prarthana)(1943) Singer- Jahanara Kajjan, Lyricist-Dr. Safdar Aah Sitapuri, MD- Saraswati devi

Lyrics

Aaya sawan, aa jaa sajan, sooni sejariya
Aaya sawan, aa jaa sajan, sooni sejariya
aay rahi chhaay rahi kaari badariya
kaari badariya
aay rahi chhaay rahi kaari badariya
kaari badariya
Aaya sawan, aa jaa sajan, sooni sejariya

dheere dheere dol rahi mast hawaayen
dheere dheere dol rahi mast hawaayen
ped hilen galey milen
pushp lataayen
ped hilen galey milen
pushp lataayen
laagi najariya mohe laagi najariya
aa aa aa
laagi najariya mohe laagi najariya
aay rahi chhaay rahi kaari badariya
kaari badariya
Aaya sawan, aa jaa sajan, sooni sejariya

ban mein udhar pihu pihu mor chinghaade
ban mein udhar pihu pihu mor chinghaade
jiya mora naam tera le ke pukaare
jiya mora naam tera le ke pukaare
haay sanwariya
haay haay sanwariya
haay sanwariya
haay haay sanwariya
aay rahi chhaay rahi kaari badariya
kaari badariya
Aaya sawan, aa jaa sajan, sooni sejariya
Aaya sawan, aa jaa sajan, sooni sejariya


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over THIRTEEN years. This blog has over 16900 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 5000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Important Announcement

(© 2008 - 2022) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

Total number of songs posts discussed

16949

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1313
Total Number of movies covered=4587

Total visits so far

  • 15,227,935 hits

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 1,977 other followers

Bookmark

Bookmark and Share

Category of songs

Current Visitors

Historical dates

Blog Start date: 19 july 2008

Active for more than 5000 days.

Archives

Stumble

visitors whereabouts

blogadda

blogcatalog

Music Blogs - BlogCatalog Blog Directory
%d bloggers like this: