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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Songs of 1943’ Category


This article is written jointly by Atul and Sudhir. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

This is the 15000th song post in the blog.

Blog Day :

3929 Post No. : 15000

= = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = =
Atul Song-A-Day 15K Song Milestone Celebrations – 10
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Writeup by Atul
————————–

This writeup marks a very special occasion for the blog. It is the 15000th writeup for the blog !

5000th and 10000th posts in the blog were major landmarks for us. The preparations, celebrations and enthusiasm for those posts were quite grand and memorable.

For instance, preparation for the 5000th post had begun in right earnest some more than 150 posts prior to the big event. The song was identified well in advance. That was a legendary song, created by rather unknown artists. So that post was meant to honour lesser known HFM artists.

When the song was identified, I thought that the lesser known music director of the song should also get appreciation. So it was planned to make this 5000th post of the blog to coincide with 100th post of the music director. That was not easy because the music director only had 20 odd of his songs in the blog at that time. So lots and lots of his compositions were covered in the blog during the run up to the 5000th post in the blog.

And that 5000th writeup was a joint collaboration of three of us viz. Raja, followed by me and then Sudhir ji. It was such a long article that a few of our regulars gave up reading the article midway. 🙂 It was over 8000 words long article (including lyrics) !

The date was 13 november 2011. It was a sunday and the post was published at 12:29 PM. It was the sixth and final song posted on that day in the blog.

I was based at Nagpur, Maharashtra, at that time. Amazingly, the journey from post number 4001 to post number 5000 took only five months and one day (153 days) at a strike rate of 6.5 songs every day !

The 10000th post in the blog should have appeared earlier that it finally did. Going by the then strike rate of one century every 16 days (give or take a few days), the 10000th post should have come up by April or may 2014. But I found myself getting busy in other matters. My guess is that my family (wife , daughter, three pets) had joined me- (I was at Bilaspur then), and so I was finding it difficult to post at the usual rate. There were several dot days after post number 9990. There were as many as six dot days. Even on the days when I posted articles, I only managed to post one or two articles in a day. So finally, I decided (and some other regulars also arrived at the same view), that the 10000th post needed to be coincided by the blog birthday which fell on 19 july 2014 .

The idea of how to celebrate the event was thought about when I and Sudhir Ji had visited AK ji (of songsofyore)in his office in Delhi. While discussing lots and lots of HFM related matters, we discussed the forthcoming 10000th post in the blog. AK ji suggested that every regular needed to write an article and a brief introduction of that regular needed to be given. We expanded the idea and decided that the introduction of the regular would be a full fledged and separate article and would precede the guest article.

The run up to the big event began on 7 july 2014. It was planned that all regular contributors would be introduced by another regular familiar with the person being introduced. That article would be followed by an article penned by the person who was introduced in the earlier article. So, we had nearly 30 regulars “formally” introduced by other regulars.

The idea was a great hit and it was well received and appreciated. Regulars introducing other regulars- it was made possible because many of us had already forged friendships with each other not only through online interactions but also through personal visits. We all got to know lots and lots of interesting details about the regulars of the blog. For instance, we came to know that our seniormost (in age) contributor was 80 plus, whereas the youngest contributor (regarded as an expert in vintage songs of 1930s and 1940s) was only 15 at the time when he first contributed his articles in the blog !

Some very interesting details were revealed about our regulars. For instance, we had someone who used to write a columm in a local newspaper when he was a school kid ! That the ladies among the regulars were all amazingly versatile. One was “thhodi padhi likhi” (means she was BSc in maths), while another had a “cosmopolically interesting” background, another with an accidental filmy parentage was a voracious reader of books, among several passions. We had someone who aspired to be a lyricist in Film industry, but finally realised that studying well and doing his own business was a better idea. 🙂 I found that the world was a small place. AKji turned out to be my senior from the same alma mater !

It also turned out that we had struck friendships with some HFM related individuals as well- for instance Ms Manju Das, Daughter of K Amarnath.

The 10000th song finally got posted one day late than was planned. It was posted on 20 july 2014 in the evening. It was a sunday. It was the eighth post of the day. Every time a post would appear, eager regulars would comment something like- “post number 9995th done, five more to go”. During those pre whatsapp days, lots of e mail messages were doing the rounds among regulars wondering when the 10000th post would appear and what song would be discussed as the 10000th song. THat song of course rewrote history. It was believed till then that the oldest HF song was from 1932. The 10000th song that was covered in the blog was a song of 1931, the very first year for Hindi movies.

The first 5000 songs in the blog took 1213 days viz three years and four months at a rate of 4.4 songs per day. Next 5000 songs took only 980 days viz two years and eight months at a rate of 5.1 songs per day. This third set of 5000 songs has taken 1735 day , about four years and nine months! A rather sedate rate of 2.9 songs per day !

Lots of things have changed between 2014 and 2019. Whatsapp was a new concept at that time and only very few savvy ones among us knew what it was. Now even the less mobile savvy among us too have smart phones and now we have a whatsapp group. People who were clueless about smartphones in 2014 are now the most active participants.

Five years have passed. One of the youngest regulars has since acquired a job as well as a spouse. Son of another regular, had once hijacked his mother’s computer when she was not looking and posted comments like-this song is not good, it is boring. 🙂 . Imagine the kid making such comments about a Rafi song, when his mom is a diehard Rafi fan. 🙂 He has grown up and he is now a medical college student.

Today, I am based in another -Pur. This post appears while I am based at Gorakhpur, UP. Like the 5000th post and 10000th post, this 15000th post too is being posted on a sunday !

There are other similarities (or near similarities) as well. When I had gone to Delhi and met Sudhir Ji and AK ji there in may 2014 and discussed plans of 10000sup celebrations, Indian Parliamentary elections were going on. Five years later, we are in the midst of Parliament elections once again.:)

There are differences as well. Six songs were covered in a day while discussing 5000th song. Eight songs were covered in a day while covering 10000th song. Today, when 15000th song is being covered, it is the only the second song of the day. So the blog is living upto its name- song a day, while earlier it used to be songs a day. 🙂

Some times, I am asked about statistics related to the blog. For instance, Sudhir Ji, while preparing a “blog ten year challenge” post noticed that as many as 12 songs were covered in one day viz. on 10 march 2009. Sudhir Ji asked me whether it was the record for the highest number of songs in a day. I did not have a readymade reply to that. Today I have. I can put it on record that the record for the blog is 13 songs in a day. This feat was achieved twice- on 25 october 2011 and on 6 september 2012. Today, when we struggle to post one or two songs in a day, I wonder how I was able to achieve such a feat ! It is not that those two days were isolated cases. Posting big number of songs in a day used to be fairly common those days. For instance, the blog had seen 12 songs in a day on six occasions, once in 2009 and 2012, and four times in 2011. Eleven posts in one day was achieved once (16 august 2012) whereas there have been 18 occasions when ten songs were posted in one day. Nine songs in a day were acjieved on 42 occasions. Eight songs in a day were covered on 133 occasions, the last such occasions being in 2016.

Now a days, we are going at such slow pace that even six songs a day, which was a routine affair in the past has become uncommon. In the year 2019, there has been only one day when six songs were covered. In contrast 2009 saw as many as 166 days when 6 songs were covered in one day.

Another statistics that I was asked recently was regarding the number of visitors in a day. It has been mentioned in an earlier article that the blog clocked 1000 plus visitors in a day for the first time on 23 january 2009. Here are these first time details

Number of visitors per day First time date in the blog (visitors that day)
1000 23 january 2009 (1145)
2000 29 august 2009 (2071)
3000 15 july 2011 (3060)
4000 15 august 2011 (4184)
5000 7 october 2011 (5379)
6000 9 october 2011 (6082)
7000 10 october 2011 (7561)
9000 12 october 2011 (9824)
10000 19 october 2011 (10630)

As one can see from above, october 2011 was a breakthrough month for the blog. From an average visit of 3000 plus visitors till then, we suddenly found the average shooting up to stratosphere. One can notice that after 7000 plus visits, we directly jumped to 9000 plus visits in a day, bypassing 8000 plus visits mark. ! As many as 10630 visitors visited on 19 october 2011, which remains a record till this date. More than 8000 visitors per day arrived at the blog on 13 days of october 2011 !

So one can notice that the blog was at its peak, number of daily posts wise as well as number of daily visitors wise during second half of 2011, and it continued till end of 2012.

By now, we have settled back to a more relaxed 3500 visits per day routine.

Now, in 2019, I really wonder how I used to be able to post so many songs in one day. I cannot say that I had too much of time at my disposal then and that I am too busy now a days. That is hardly the case. In fact it should be the other way round. Those days, I would often find myself having to go on meetings or other official works quite frequently. I can only conclude that I was highly passionate and motivated during those days. Of course I was younger and more energetic those days. 🙂

In an earlier writeup, Mr Sadanand Kamath has arrived at the right conclusion that background work has increased a great deal, now that we have amassed such a goldmine of information about HFM. I actually find myself devoting more time in such background work than in writing articles. And these data, when properly analysed often reveal hitherto unknown and unnoticed bits of information that actually may have been missed by music lovers.

To cite an example of background work, our beloved Khyati Bhatt once analysed all movies of 1960s and their songs and prepared an excel sheet. That served as a homework for Sudhir Jee. He used this excel sheet to post songs from more than one hundred movies of 1960s that were not represented in the blog till then. Then our two senior contributors, Mr Arunkumar Deshmukh and Mr Sadanand Kamath have been doing the same for movies from 1930s and 1940s. Personally even I have introduced several movies from 1940s and 1950s into the blog.

As a result of these exercises, which need considerable research and background work, we are at a stage when over 4200 movies (4206 at last count) were represented in the blog. Less than 75 movies of 1960s and just over 100 movies of 1950s remain to be covered in the blog. Just over 200 movies of 1940s remain to be covered. Most of these remaining movies are rare movies and their songs are not easy to locate. So naturally this exercise takes considerable time and effort.

Another much cherished exercise, viz YIPPEE exercise has slowed down, but still we have managed to YIPPEE as many as 1167 movies (adding upto around 8000 songs) which is no mean feat.

Bit by bit, we are building up complete and accurate filmography of several artists. I often like to use these filmographies whenever these artists reach their important milestones (typically centuries of their songs in the blog).

It must be said that the blog has become an integral part of not only my life, but also for several regulars. We all have grown as a result. Speaking for myself, I know that I have grown and learnt a lot, not just about HFM, but about life in general. It has helped me become a more “mature” person. 🙂

The contents of some of these posts over the years gave me considerable satisfaction. Some of the articles that I am proud of deal with myriad subjects like transfers, road travel, pets, fellow human beings, economics, theory of music etc.

For instance, writing about a pet, that turned out to be a wolf, is an article that gave me great satisfaction. The comments on this article were equally heart warming and this appreciation meant a lot to me.

I have some other fields of interest that I may not have touched till now. 🙂

Unlike the songs to be posted as 5000th and 10000th song, I am in the dark about the 15000th song. 🙂 . Sudhir Jee has taken it upon himself to upload a rare (not yet available online) rare song for this occasion. So the song link as well as lyrics of the song, plus introduction of the song will be by him. He had wanted it to be a writeup by me, but seeing that it is he who is uploading this special song and is providing necessary details on the song and the artist, it is only fair that this writeup should be considered a joint write up, just like what was the case during 5000th and 10000th writeups.

Writeup by Sudhir
————————–

As usual, the wait is intensely anticipatory, and the delay appears to be customary. Of course, as last time, the final moment has been hanging on account of yours truly – 🙂 . And the reason is that we have had a difficult time getting to zero in on the song we would like to place at this important milestone today.

Completing 15 centuries (and that too, without a plan) is superlative indeed. Atul ji and I have been in communication to finalize which song to present at this juncture. We checked many different options and criteria, but somehow all of them seemed to be weighing lesser in comparison to the importance of this milestone. The historic discovery that was showcased at the 10K milestone, actually set a benchmark, which is near impossible to match, even though we now have access to a lot more material at hand. But no, this song at 15K surely does not match the spectacular-ity of its 10K counterpart.

We had tried many things again this time. We tried to search for historically important unpublished songs. We tried to trace the significant wanted songs of key artists. We tried our hand at getting multiple combinations together. We had shortlisted some films and songs, which are unheard of. As in, there is no mention of these films in GK or in other similar compilations, but these films, unreleased of course, were actually under production and their songs were recorded. Some of these songs have survived and are available with collectors, albeit not in public domain as yet. That would make them rare, very rare quality. But then we also argued that just because an unreleased film is unknown in public domain, how does that add to its historical significance. So this option was also pulled down in priority. I have access to some of these songs and will bring them out shortly.

For a longest time, both Atul ji and I were in a mood of despair, as we were not able to decide on the song for this occasion. The email exchange then turned towards artists, and the idea of showcasing the creation of a significant historical figure in the Hindi film music arena started to gain strength. The idea developed was to bring into limelight, an important artist whose contributions to Hindi film music has so far gone unsung. As we thought more about it, the idea seemed to get better. We would highlight an artist whom the people have heard about, but probably not much ‘information about’ is not in circulation.

We exchanged notes about some such names, and then we agreed to bring on board, the doyen of Hindi film music directors – Ustad Jhande Khan, as the artist to highlight at this important junction.

Ustad Jhande Khan – the artist whom the other famous luminaries of Hindi film music like Naushad, Ghulam Mohammed, Anil Biswas, Begum Akhtar, Hemant Kumar, Shyam Sunder, Master Nisar – have acknowledged to be their teacher and guru. This teacher of other reputed music directors and singers is himself now a forgotten name. Very little, if any, biographical information is available with any source. As I tried to search for information, I could finally locate only two bio sketches – a filmographic detail available in ‘Dhunon Ki Yatra’ by Pankaj Raag, and a brief biography compiled by our friend Javed Hamid, as a chapter in his book on Hindi film music directors – ‘Hindi Filmon Ke Sadabahaar Sangeetkar’. As per Javed Bhai, he was able to procure an article in Urdu on this artist, from a friend in Pakistan. The article appeared in a certain film magazine there, many decades ago.

Not much is known about Ustad Sb’s family background and his early years. He was born in Gujranwala (now in Pakistan). The circumstances by which he came to Bombay are not known. But it is known that he came to Bombay at a young age. He was already exposed to classical music and was adept at playing many instruments like saarangi and harmonium. In Bombay, he learnt more and polished his skills at the feet of masters like Ustad Chhajju Khan, Naazir Khan and Khadim Hussain Khan Sahib.

His first foray into creating music was theatre. He was associated with Agha Hashr Kashmiri for a long time. In days prior to talkie films, theatre was a popular and a powerful medium. The major theatre establishments would employ full time music directors and musicians for creating and performing music for stage dramas. That music has been such an important ingredient of the life and culture of this subcontinent, can be gauged from this fact that the popular theatre movements across the nation mostly depended on musicals and song enriched dramas. Ustad Sb was associated with Jubilee Theatre, Alfred Theatre and Parsi Alfred Theatre. It was a time when the dialogues and songs of stage dramas were released on gramophone records. Quite a few such record sets are still available with collectors. Special mention to be made of the stage drama ‘Mahabharat’. The dialogue and song record set of this drama became very popular. The music was composed by Ustad Sb. Then, in the famous stage play ‘Dilfarosh’, a song composed by Ustad Sb – “Dil e Nadaan Ko Hum Samjhaaye Jaayenge” became very popular with the theatre going public. And here, we are not yet in the era of talkie films.

With the advent of talkies, Ustad Sb made a natural transition to films and film music. He joined Ranjeet Studios, and became their premier music director. The 1931 film ‘Devi Devyani’ was the first film for which Ustad Sb composed 17 songs. In 1932, Ranjeet produced a very successful comedy film ‘Chaar Chakram’, starring E Billimoria, Ishwar Lal, Keki Adajania, Miss Shanta, Miss Kamla and the comedy team of Ghori and Dixit. Ustad Sb composed 7 songs for this film, which all became very popular.

Ustad Sb composed music for about fourteen films for Ranjeet Studios between 1931 and 1936. In 1935, he also started working independently for other production houses like Ajanta Cinetone, Daryani Productions, Amrit Films etc. His complete body of work would be less than 25 films. Sadly, majority of his creations are lost or are untraceable at present.

His most famous and popular film is considered to be Kedar Sharma’s ‘Chitralekha’ from 1941. Based on the novel by Bhagwati Charan Verma, the film has 10 songs. The song “Tum Jaao Bade Bhagwan Baney, Insan Bano To Jaanen” became very popular in its time. When Kedar Sharma recreated this film in 1964, this song served as the inspiration for the popular Lata song “Sansaar Se Bhaage Phirte Ho Bhagwaan Ko Tum Kyaa Paaoge”. A very interesting small anecdote about the music of this 1941 film. after completing the composition of all the songs, one day in the morning, Ustad Sb went to see his friend ZA Bukhari, who was a director at All India Radio, Bombay at that time. Excited and nervous like a small child, he conveyed to his friend – that a peculiar thing has inadvertently happened, and that he has not done it on purpose, and did not realize that it was so. His friend inquired as to what has happened. Ustad Sb sheepishly confessed that all the songs of the film have gotten composed in a single Raag; and requested ZA Bukhari to accompany him to the studio. Together they came to the studio and Ustad Sb played the different songs for his friend. It was a wonder that all the songs had become amenable to composition in Raag Bhairavi.

Ustad Sb continued to work into the mid 1940s. In 1943 came the film ‘Shahenshah Akbar’ for which he had composed 14 songs. In the same period he also composed 12 songs for a film titled ‘Jeevan Ka Saaz’. Unfortunately this latter film remained incomplete.

When the partition of India occurred in 1947, Ustad Sb made a choice to migrate to Pakistan, against the advise of his colleagues and friends in the industry. He went back and settled down in his home town – Gujranwala. He would travel often to Lahore to meet the industry people and friends. He also tried to get associated with the radio service in Pakistan, but that did not work out too well. Not a very long time after his migration, he passed away in Gujranwala, on 7th January, 1952.

Ustad Sb was a very reserved personality, so much so that he avoided even being photographed in company of his friends and co-workers. No images of this person have survived, except one photograph that I am able to acquire with the help from my friend, Javed Hamid. This is the photo that I have used in creating the online video file for this song.

Now, coming to this song. This song has two very peculiar and interesting characteristics. Based so far on the information that I have, this song is written by, and composed by and sung by Ustad Jhande Khan himself. Geet Kosh does not have the singer information. I got the name of the singer from another dear friend, Shri KL Pandey, who has done the monumental work of analyzing the classical raag basis of Hindi film songs. However, there is a little doubt, and another name has also been suggested by my other friend who provided me with the mp3 file of this song. I am awaiting confirmation from two other sources. Meanwhile, in this post I am using the singer name as suggested by KL Pandey ji. If there is a different update confirmed, I will inform the readers and make amends to this post.

Update 22Apr2019: Yes, we do have amendments as far as singer name is concerned. I have inputs from three different collectors. All have informed that the name of the singer is Krishna Rao Chonkar. Now this singer is supposed to have sung other songs in this film also. I specifically asked, and was informed that the name of the singer is not no the gramophone record. So the information is from a different source. That three people concur on this can also mean that all of them are possibly referring to the same source.

The second very interesting thing about this song is also informed by Shri KL Pandey. Of the 17,000+ Hindi film songs that he has analyzed, he has discovered only two songs which are based on Raag Deepak. Raag Deepak is a classical composition that is considered very difficult to render. The interesting thing that Pandey ji has shared is that the so called ‘deepak‘ songs in the the films ‘Tansen’ (1943) – “Diya Jalaao Jagmag Jagmag“, and ‘Sangeet Samrat Tansen’ (1962) – “Deepak Jalaao Jyoti Jagaao“, both these songs are NOT based on Raag Deepak, but are based on Raag Bhoopali.

Update 22Apr2019: The second Hindi film song based on Deepak Raag is “Deepak Kathan Karat. . .” from the film ‘Gaj Gaamini’ from 2000. The song is written by Maya Govind,  music composition is Bhupen Hazaarika, and the singer is Shankar Mahadevan.

So this song being presented today is one of the only two songs so far discovered, which are based on pure Raag Deepak. Listening to this song I am sure you will be able to appreciate the level of difficulty in the rendering of this creation.

And well, yes, Congratulations are due to all, for making to this momentous milestone. I will be following up with another post sharing more about that.

Happy listening and happy journey to all readers and friends on this blog. 🙂

[Ed Note: There a some words that have not been correctly deciphered in the singing. I request other readers and friends to suggest updates to the lyrics. And yes, also to the extended sargam, where I may have made an error in recording it correctly.]

 

Song – Deepak Jo Gaaye So Paaye Gyaan Dhyaan (Shahenshah Akbar) (1943) Singer – Ustad Jhande Khan Krishna Rao Chonkar, Lyrics – Ustad Jhande Khan, MD – Ustad Jhande Khan

Lyrics

deepak jo gaaye
so paaye
gyaan dhyaan sab bhed suran ka
deepak jo gaaye
so paaye
gyaan dhyaan sab bhed suran ka

sa ga ma pa dha ni sa
sa pa dha pa ga re sa

sa ga pa ma ga ma dha pa
dha pa ma ga ma pa sa
dha pa ma ga ma pa sa
deepak jo gaaye
so paaye
gyaan dhyaan sab bhed suran ka

jaanat hain re sagre log
deepak hai raag ?? ka
jaanat hain re sagre log
deepak hai raag ?? ka
deepak na gaaye sab duniya naa
ye kaam nahin
hai sab ka
deepak jo gaaye
so paaye
gyaan dhyaan sab bhed suran ka

anginati ko ginati jaan
ginati
aa ginati maane na bhed bhaav
bhed na jaane
agyaan bhajta
deepak jo gaaye
so paaye
gyaan dhyaan sab bhed suran ka

jaane ?? anjaane ??
vaani ?? vaa se paaye
bhed aarohan avrohan deepak ka
jaane ?? anjaane ??
vaani ?? vaa se paaye
bhed aarohan avrohan deepak ka
deepak jo gaaye
so paaye
gyaan dhyaan sab bhed suran ka

sa sa sa ni re sa
sa ga sa ga ma pa dha ma pa dha
ma pa ga ma pa dha
sa dha re ni sa
sa dha dha ga re sa
pa dha pa ga ma pa
ga ma pa sa
dha pa ma ma ga ga sa ma dha pa
dha pa ma ga ga
dha ma pa ga re
sa ga ga ma ga re sa dha pa
dha pa ma ga ga ma ma ga re sa
sa ga ma pa dha
sa ga ga ma ga re sa dha pa
dha pa ma ga ga ma ma ga re sa
sa ga ma pa dha
pa pa pa pa ma ma ga ga
dha ma pa ma ga
dha ma pa pa
sa pa pa
dha ma ma
ma ga ga
ga re sa
sa pa pa
dha ma ma
ma ga ga
ga re sa

sa ga ma pa
deepak jo gaaye
so paaye
gyaan dhyaan sab bhed suran ka

deepak jo gaaye
so paaye
gyaan dhyaan sab bhed . . .
bhed suran ka paaye
deepak gaaye
deepak jo gaaye
bhed suran ka paaye
deepak gaaye
bhed suran ka paaye
deepak gaaye
deep. . .

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
———————————————————-

दीपक जो गाये
सो पाये
ज्ञान ध्यान सब भेद सुरन का
दीपक जो गाये
सो पाये
ज्ञान ध्यान सब भेद सुरन का

स ग म प ध नि स
स प ध प ग रे स

स ग प न ग म ध प
ध प म ग म प स
ध प म ग म प स
दीपक जो गाये
सो पाये
ज्ञान ध्यान सब भेद सुरन का

जानत हैं रे सगरे लोक
दीपक है राग ?? का
जानत हैं रे सगरे लोक
दीपक है राग ?? का
दीपक न गाये सब दुनिया ना
ये काम नहीं
है सब का
दीपक जो गाये
सो पाये
ज्ञान ध्यान सब भेद सुरन का

अनगिनत को गिनती(??) जान
गिनती(??)
आ गिनती माने ना भेद भाव
भेद ना जाने
अज्ञान भजता
दीपक जो गाये
सो पाये
ज्ञान ध्यान सब भेद सुरन का

जाने ?? अंजाने ??
वाणी ?? वा से पाये
भेद आरोहण अवरोहण दीपक का
जाने ?? अंजाने ??
वाणी ?? वा से पाये
भेद आरोहण अवरोहण दीपक का
दीपक जो गाये
सो पाये
ज्ञान ध्यान सब भेद सुरन का

स स स नि रे स
स ग स ग म प ध म प ध
म प ग म प ध
स ध रे नि स
प ध प ग म प
ग म प स
ध प म म ग ग स म ध प
ध प म ग ग
ध म प ग रे
स ग ग म ग रे स ध प
ध प म ग ग म म ग रे स
स ग म प ध
स ग ग म ग रे स ध प
ध प म ग ग म म ग रे स
स ग म प ध
प प प प म म ग ग
ध म प म ग
ध म प प
स प प
ध म म
म ग ग
ग रे स
स प प
ध म म
म ग ग
ग रे स

स ग म प
दीपक जो गाये
सो पाये
ज्ञान ध्यान सब भेद सुरन का

दीपक जो गाये
सो पाये
ज्ञान ध्यान सब भेद॰ ॰ ॰
भेद सुरन का पाये
दीपक गाये
भेद सुरन का पाये
दीपक गाये
दीप॰ ॰ ॰

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3903 Post No. : 14955 Movie Count :

4086

Today’s song is a rare song from film Salma-1943.

Like in my earlier post on film ‘ Arab ka Sitara’-46 dt 13-3-2019, in this Blog, about 3-4 years ago also I had discussed the issue of very few films made in India, on Muslim Social issues and also on other minority communities, for that matter. One of our readers from USA, Mr. Salim Shah-son of actress Indurani aka Ishrat jehan siddiqi- wrote an E mail to me on this issue. He had said that the film market is driven by the needs of the majority and hence not many producers dare to make films on minorities, which have a very small and limited market. I agreed, as this was a very logical explanation to my loud thinking.

When I planned to write on Muslim social films or films with Muslim backgrounds, I noticed that from 1933 to 1942 (10 years) only 15 such films were made. Then from 1943 to 1947, a whopping 23 films were made in just 5 years ! These are only rough and estimated figures, without going into much details and avoiding films like Pukar-39 and Humayun-45 or Shahajehan-46. In 1947 alone there were 9 such films.

What could be the reason for this sudden surge in Muslim social films ? I think, by 1943, it was almost certain that India would be divided on Religion basis and Pakistan would be a New separate country for Muslims. This possibly increased the awareness of a need for improvement in the Muslim population. May be, I am wrong. One can only hazard a guess on such matters.

Director Mehboob started his production company by making the film Najma-43 and later also he made films like Elaan-47. He is on record why he made such progressive films, despite the risk from fundamentalists involved. Anyway, we leave the matter here only. Now that the Muslim population has increased considerably from 1951 (3.5 crores or 9.8%) to 2011 (17.2 crores or 14.2%), let us hope to see more such films. Equally disturbing is to see rare films on Christian, parsee, Budhist, Jain, etc minorities.

Film Salma-43 was actually a story of two thick girl friends. The film story was written by Munshi Dil. Screenplay, dialogues and Lyrics were by Hasrat Lucknowi. Music was by Pt. Gobind Ram. The cast was Sitara devi, Ishwarlal, Yakub, Urmila, Majid, Azra, Anwari etc etc. The film was directed by Nazir Ahmed khan. It was made by his own Hind Pictures.

This was also the period when Nazir had married Sitara Devi. Saadat Hasan Manto, in his famous book ‘ Stars from another sky” has described very juicy stories about Sitara- her many lovers, Nazir and his Nephew K.Asif. Sitara eloped with Asif to Delhi to marry him, after conversion to Islam with a new name Allah Rakhi, the book says. Returning to Bombay, after some time, Asif himself made a Muslim Social film, ” Phool’-45, with Sitara as the Heroine. More about this film some other time.

Nazir Ahmad Khan (1910–28-8-1983) was a Indian / Pakistani film actor, director and producer. He was the first successful film hero in independent Pakistan. Nazir was associated with almost two hundred films during his career, which spanned over a period of 55 years.Nazir Ahmed was widely known as Bao Jee in the film industries in India and in Pakistan.
It was in the late 1920s when Nazir went to Calcutta along with A.R. Kardar, and appeared in a character role in Kardar’s Sarfarosh (aka ‘The Daring One’) in 1929. Kardar later made Heer in which Nazir played the role of the Qazi. Both these films are from the silent era. He also did a secondary role in Kardar’s Mysterious Bandit.

Nazir went to Bombay. During this period he was cast in leading roles in Rajputana Ka Sher, Chandaal Chaukri, Badmaash Ka Baita and Pahari Sawar.

In 1934 he went back to Calcutta on the request of his old friend Kardar to act in his productions of Chandra Gupta, Sultana, Milaap, Mandar, Night Bird and Aab-e-Hayat.

In Calcutta Nazir won laurels for his role of Chanakya in Chandra Gupta. To perform this role realistically, Nazir had his head shaved completely to authentically perform the role of the ancient Indian minister.

In 1939, both Nazir and Kardar moved to Bombay and under Kardar’s banner he performed his most well remembered and renowned character role in Baghbaan, which besides creating box office records also established him as a hero.

Shokh Dilruba, Sher ka Panja, Shamaa, Midnight Mail, Swami Pooja, Apni Nagaria, Laila Majnu, Wamaq Azra, Sandaisa, Kaljug, Society, Chher Chhar, Aabroo, Salma, Gaon Ki Gori, Maa Baap ki Laaj, Yaadgar, Malika and Abida and several other hit films of that era are credited to his name. He also produced and Directed many of them. Most of the films directed by him saw the milestones of being Silver Jubilees.He acted in 25 films and directed 8 films in India.He even sang 7 songs in 5 films.

Nazir’s studio and the offices of Hind Pictures were burnt down during the riots in 1946-47. Nazir stood quietly outside his burning studio,smoking a cigarette and watching the ashes.In 1947, Nazir migrated to Pakistan. He left everything he had behind in Bombay and shifted to Lahore. He started from scratch and in the process became one of the pioneers of the Pakistan film industry.

He produced and directed Saachai, as his first film in the newly born Pakistan. It was followed by the first Silver Jubilee film of Pakistani Cinema, Pheray. Nazir completed Pheray in just one month, followed by Larey. His other movies include Shehri Babu, Anokhi Daastan, Shamaa, Heer, Khatoon, Noor-e-Islam and Azmat-e-Islam.

During the 1960s, he disassociated himself from Pakistani cinema, with the decline in this industry. He could not reconcile himself with the qualitatively declining trends in this industry.

Nazir was first married to his cousin Sikandara Begum. He was the Maternal Uncle of K.Asif,Director of Mughal E Azam. Later he married Sitara Devi and before going to Pakistan,he married his Heroine Swarnalata.

He died in 1983.

The story of film Salma – 43 was….

Salma (Sitara) and Suraiya (Urmila) grew up in Kanpur as very close friends. When they became marriageable, Salma’s father Abdul Majid (Majid) fixed her marriage with Dr. Masood (Ishwarlal) of Allahabad. Suraiya’s brother Yakub (Yakub) was a crook. He used to destroy all letters Salma wrote to Suraiya, from Allahabad, after marriage. Now Suraiya got engaged to Dr. Manzur (Ishwarlal-double role), who resembled his brother Dr. Masood, husband of Suraiya.

Unfortunately, on the day of marriage, Dr. Manzur dies in an accident, but Yakub tells Suraiya that Manzur cheated her and has left the town.She is shocked and loses her memory. She is taken to Allahabad for treatment from Dr. Masood, the specialist.

Suraiya gains memory, recognises Masood as Manzur and insists for marriage. Masood learns Suraiya’s full story from her parents and tells Salma about it. Salma is very religious and follows five times Namaz. She knows that as per Islam religion, a male can have 4 wives. She forces her husband to marry Suraiya. After initial resistance Masood agrees.

After marriage Suraiya recovers completely and both friends live happily. Soon Salma goes to Haj and becomes a Darvish ( a Sufi religious Mendicant-as per wiki). All this so that her friend Suraiya is made happy in her life.

The film had 8 songs, composed by Pt. Gobindram. He is one MD, about whose life absolutely no information is available in any book or on Internet. Only his work details are available on the net, books and HFGK.

Pt. Gobind Ram – the Music Director was a highly respected composer in the industry for his originality. Stalwarts like C.Ramchandra considered Sajjad and Pt. Gobind Ram ji as the original composers.

Author Pankaj Raag mentions in his book,” Dhunon ki yatra”- ” When K.Asif planned his magnum Opus- Mughal E Azam in the late 40s, he had engaged Gobind ram ji as the Music Director.” This statement, however, could not be corroborated with any other reference.
Pt. Gobind Ram gave music to only 32 films from 1937 to 1955, composing 302 songs.

Today’s song is sung by G M Durrani, who was a leading Playback singer , before Rafi and others prevailed on the scene in the latter half of the 40s decade. 6 songs which I have heard are all good ones, but this song is the best and melodious. other singers are Rajkumari, Sitara Devi and Hameeda Bano.

With this song, film Salma-43 makes its Debut on the Blog.
(Thanks to book ” Forgotten movies on Muslim Culture 1933 to 1947″ by Kamalakar Pasupuleti ji for some information used here.)


Song-Ye kaun aaj reh reh ke yaad aa raha hai (Salma)(1943) Singer- G M Durrani, Lyrics-Hasrat Lucknowi, MD-Pt. Gobindram

Lyrics

Ye kaun aaj reh reh ke yaad aa raha hai
Ye kaun aaj reh reh ke yaad aa raha hai
Ye kaun aaj reh reh ke yaad aa raha hai ae ae ae
ajab haal dil ka hua jaa raha hai
ajab haal dil ka hua jaa raha hai

jise wo samajhte hain apna maseeha
jise wo samajhte hain apna maseeha
aa aa aa aa aa
wo beemaar khud hi hua jaa raha hai
wo beemaar khud hi hua jaa raha hai

mili hai nazar jabse unki nazar se ae
mili hai nazar jabse unki nazar se
mili hai nazar jabse unki nazar se ae ae ae
kaleje mein nashtar chubha ja raha hai
kaleje mein nashtar chubha ja raha hai

ye kaun aaj rah rah ke yaad aa raha hai
ye kaun aaj rah rah ke yaad aa raha hai ae ae


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3887 Post No. : 14917

Today’s song is from film Gauri-1943. It was a film made by Ranjit Movietone. The Lyrics, Story and Screenplay as well as the Direction was by Kidar Sharma. The cast of the film was Prithviraj Kapoor, Shamim, Monica Desai, Rajkumari Shukla, Brijmala, Amarnath etc etc.

The making of film Gauri-1943 had a big story behind it. This is described in great details by Kidar Sharma himself, in his autobiography ” The one and Lonely Kidar Sharma”. We will,however, discuss this in an abridged version here.

Kidar Sharma left New Theatres, Calcutta and shifted to Bombay, for a new chapter in his life and career. His close friend from Calcutta, Prithviraj Kapoor, who was in Bombay earlier, had arranged for his meeting with Ranjit’s chief Chandulal Shah. Even before Sharma reached Bombay, Shah had known about him and had become his fan.He saw film ” Chitralekha “-41, made and directed by Kidar Sharma, several times,in his own Theatre-Opera House in Bombay, mostly with his consort Goharbai Mamajiwala. He was very much impressed with Sharma ji’s work. Shah and Goharbai both, were actually eager to employ Kidar Sharma. Therefore, without any hitch, he was hired at a very lucrative salary of Rs. 3000/- pm and an advance of Rs. 5000/- to bring his family from Calcutta.

Kidar joined Ranjit on 3rd October 1941. His first film here was ‘ Armaan’-42. During this film, he became very friendly with actor Motilal, whom Sharma regarded as a very good artiste. During his next film, ‘Vish kanya’, Kidar took Raj Kapoor as his third assistant. His close friend Prithviraj was worried about the future of Raj, hence Sharma took him under his wings so that he will learn the making of films in all aspects. In effect Raj was only a Clapper Boy here, but he was a keen observer of everything. He was a little childish still. In one of the outdoor shootings of the film, Kidar Sharma got so much irritated with Raj Kapoor’s irresponsible behaviour that in anger, he slapped Raj kapoor on the sets, in front of all the staff. Later Sharma felt bad about the incident and decided that one day, when he would become a Producer, he would make Raj Kapoor his Hero in that film (Neelkamal-47…earlier started as ‘ Bechara Bhagwan ‘ as its Title). More about this film some other time.

In 1943, Sharma wrote a story “Gauri”- set in Calcutta and woven around the Durga Pooja in Bengal. It was a very touching human story and very emotional too. During the story session, both Chandulal Shah and Goharbai could not control their emotions and wept openly. Shah liked the story so much that he volunteered to sent a team to Calcutta for shooting during the Pooja Festival days.

Sharma insisted that the Hero’s role of Khumar- the Idol Maker be done only by his friend Prithviraj kapoor. His name was of course agreed upon. However, Goharbai queried as to who Sharma had in his mind to do the sensitive Heroine’s role. Sharma ji replied that he needed someone who looked fresh and innocent. He asked for some time. Actually he had thought of Monica Desai- the younger sister of famous actress Leela Desai. Monica worked as a school teacher in Calcutta. She had done a small role in his film ‘ Chitralekha’-41. In those days Sharma was impressed with her and had assured her that when he gets stabilised as a Director and has a suitable script, he will give Heroine’s role to Monica.

Next day, Sharma ji told Chandulal Shah about her selection. Chandulal had confidence in his judgement. The big hearted Shah gave Rs. 5000/- to Sharma to send to Monica for coming to Bombay comfortably in First Class. Kidar Sharma sent the money to her and asked her to travel only by First class to Bombay, to get down at Dadar, keep the luggage in Cloak room and freshen up in the waiting room. She was asked to wear a silk saree also. Sharma asked her if she understood all instructions and she confirmed. She was to visit Ranjit Studios at 2.30pm, when Sharma would introduce her to Sethji.

On the afternoon of her arrival day, the Shah couple and others waited anxiously for Monica’s arrival. In the afternoon, Monica arrived at the gates of the studio looking tired and untidy, along with all her luggage. Seeing her Chandulal became nervous, but asked Sharma ji to arrange for her stay and food etc. Chandulal Shah was not only upset with Monica’s looks but also annoyed. Still without commenting, he left the studio immediately with Goharbai. Sharma as well as Prithviraj felt humiliated with the foolish Monica who came to the studio, not following Sharma’s instructions. This she did to save some money, but put everyone in an awkward situation. Anyway, Sharma made her staying etc arrangements.

Next day, Chandulal called him to his office and said that he will continue making film Gauri, as promised, but he will not participate in any shootings, recordings or other matters till the film is completed. He will however, see the finished movie before it goes to Censors. It was too obvious that both the Shahs were upset about the ordinary looking and childish, immature Monica as Heroine.

Kidar Sharma gulped all this quietly and started work on the film quickly. The team went to Calcutta also and came back. When the film was completed, Sharma invited Chandulal and Goharbai to see it. Actually whenever such a preview was done all other Directors of Ranjit also attended it, but this time there were only the two of them-Chandulal and Goharbai. The entire team of the film was also present. Sharma had known that when Chandulal did not like the film, he usually abused loudly and sometimes even threw his chappals at the screen. With bated breath, Sharma showed him the film Gauri and waited for his reactions, expecting fireworks. Instead, Chandulal and Goharbai left the room and went to their office. Everyone,including Sharma was sure that Sharma has to leave the company now.

With great courage, Sharma went to their office to know their opinions. To his great surprise, Chandulal dug into his pocket and removed whatever money was there and gifted it to Sharma. He said,” this is my gift to you for making a sublime movie.” Gohar too appreciated heartily. Both of them were spellbound with Monica’s performance. Shah offered Monica a 3 year contract, furnished house and a new car with a driver etc. Shah also increased Sharma’s salary to Rs.5500/pm.
Thus Monica Desai’s first film was a great success. ” Durga” was a winner. Kidar Sharma was a winner.

One of the cast in the film was Rajkumari Shukla. At that period of time, there were 3 Rajkumaris working in Hindi films. One and the most famous was Rajkumari Dubey-Banareswali. The second was Rajkumari-Calcuttewali. Her real name was Pullobai. And the third was this Rajkumari Shukla. She was known as the ‘ mother of the Indian screen’.

Rajkumari Shukla was born in Benares in 1903. She joined films to earn her livelihood. She was married but got bad treatment from her in laws. After the death of her husband, her torture incresed. One Nana Baba, her neighbour was kind enough to help her and get her a job in Madon Theatres, where he was working. Rajkumari had no issues or parents. She treated Nana Baba as her father. She entered films with Uljhan-42. She started getting mother roles and she excelled in that. She worked only upto Nai Maa-46. But she acted in Bangla and Gujarati films too.

In all she did more than 60 films. Hindi films were 31 only. Some of the more known films that she did were Ek raat-42, Vakil sahib-43, School master-43, Sanjog-43, Paraya Dhan-43, Panghat-43, Namaste-43, Najma-43, Gauri-43, Aage kadam-43, Rattan-44, Mann ki jeet-44, Dr,Kumar-44, Sharbati aankhen-54, Hamara sansar-45, Gaon ki gori-45 and nai maa-46. She sang only 1 song in film Panghat-43.

Today’s song is sung by singer actress Shamim. She was variously credited as Shamim, Shameem, Miss Shamim, Shamim Akhtar. She was born in Lahore and died in Lahore, where she migrated after Partition. Her biodata was given on 17-1-2019 in a post on film ‘Return of Toofan Mail’-42.


Song-Majboor hai is dil se (Gauri)(1943) Singer- Shamim (Akhtar), Lyrics- Kidar Sharma, MD- Khemchand Prakash

Lyrics

Majboor hain is dil se ae
ye kaisi pilaayi hai
Majboor hai is dil se
is dil se
ye kaisi pilaayi hai
jaaye hai jidhar dilbar
haay dilbar
uss simt ye jaaye hai
jaaye hai jidhar dilbar
haay dilbar
uss simt ye jaaye hai

duniya se niraala hai
jaanaan tera deewaana
jaanaan tera deewaana
haay kaise bache hasrat
haay hasrat
har aankh mein haaye hai
haay kaise bache hasrat
haay hasrat
har aankh mein haaye hai

hans den jo zara
dekh ke
khil jaaye kali dil ki
khil jaaye kali dil ki
halka sa tabassum tera
gulzaar khilaaye hai
halka sa tabassum tera
gulzaar khilaaye hai
tum saamne baithho ke main
jee bhar ke tumhen dekhoon
jee bhar ke tumhen dekhoon
tum jyon hi huye ojhal
haay ojhal
jhat aankh bhar aaye hai
tum jyon hi huye ojhal
haay ojhal
jhat aankh bhar aaye hai
majboor hai is dil se
is dil se
ye kaisi pilaai hai


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3881 Post No. : 14905

I wish all our readers a very Happy and cosmic MAHASHIVRATRI, to be celebrated today, i.e. 4th March 2019.

This is the one day in the entire year (barring Shravan Somvars) on which I become more religious and engage in pooja, listening to Shiv Bhajans and also do fasting. Our family was very religious. My father was a Sanskrit Scholar and had spent some time in Banares, giving religious sermons in the Kashi Vishveshar Temple during 1948-49. This was the time when he had gone underground to avoid arrest, as most Hindu Mahasabha leaders were arrested along with Savarkar, after Gandhi ji’s death. He was finally arrested and freed by the court “ba-izzat“. We came down to Hyderabad and he started practicing as a Lawyer as he was BA LLB.

Very soon we moved into our spacious bungalow, adjacent (within our compound) to which he constructed a Mahadev Mandir. It was open to public also. Every Shrawan Somvar and Mahashivaratri, there used to be big celebrations, a pooja by 101 bramhins and playing of Shiv Bhajans throughout the day. All this has been etched deep on my mind and I too became a Shiv Bhakta. Now also I do poojas on these days, but I miss all those days’ enjoyment as a growing teenager.

I have read the Shiv Puraan completely (and also other Puraans). The marriage of Shiv-Parvati has been described very minutely in this Puraan. They are believed to have married on the midnight of Mahashivratri. During the period upto early 70s, I never missed any Hindi/ Marathi/ Telugu/ Kannada Shiva film. I have also seen this film – ‘Shankar Parvati’ (1943).

‘SHANKAR PARVATI’ was quite a successful movie in those days, as it appealed to the religious minded Indians, who have grown up listening to mythological stories. I remember seeing this movie in its second run, as there was an attraction of trick scenes in this movie. The story is about how Sati (Sadhona Bose) the daughter of King Daksha, goes to attend Yagnya by Daksha, uninvited and gets insulted for her husband – Shankar (played by Arun Kumar Ahuja- father of actor Govinda). She jumps into the fire and dies and on hearing this, Shankar is very angry and does the Tandav Nritya. Sati is reborn as Parvati, who, to regain her love back, dances and wins Shankar. Their elder son Kartikeya ,destroys Tarakasur etc.

Sadhana Bose was an internationally acclaimed dancer and acted in some Hindi and several Bengali movies in the 1940s and 1950s.
Her most famous film was ‘RAJNARTAKI’ (1941), opposite Prithviraj Kapoor and it was made in Hindi, English and Bengali at the same time. Though a box office failure, it had fabulous dances by her.

There are few songs sung by Sadhana Bose in ‘Shankar Parvati’ and ‘Paigham’ (1942). According to Timir Baran, these are not sung by her, but by Suprabha Ghosh. However, famous music Historian Kamalakar Pasupuleti says that Sadhana Bose was an accomplished dancer and singer too. In her all time favourite ‘ALIBABA’ in Bengali she, as Marjina, and her director husband Madhu Bose, as Abdulla in the film, sang many duets which are popular even today in Bengal.

Arun Mukherji, Music Director of ‘Parineeta’ (1953), had literally translated one song from ‘Alibaba’ in Hindi “Aye Baandi, Tum Begum Bani….’ sung by Kishore and Asha in ‘Parineeta’ (1953).

The film was directed by Chaturbhuj Doshi. During the early era of talkie films, till the 1960s, there was a horde of Gujarati directors and producers. Bhatts, Trivedi, Thakur, Shahs, Desais, Pancholi, Doshi, Daves were some names frequently found directing various genres. Usually they specialised in certain class and type of films. The Bhatts (Shankar and Vijay) liked to do Mythological films, Ramnik Shah handled stunt, action, fantasy films, Jayant Desai was social film oriented etc.

Chaturbhuj Doshi (1894–1969) was a Hindi and Gujarati writer-director of Indian cinema. He was one of the top Gujarati screenplay writers, who helped script stories for the Punatar productions. He is stated to be one of the leading figures who launched the Gujarati film industry with work on notable films like ‘Gunsundari’ (1948) and ‘Nanand Bhojai’ (1948). He was ‘well known’ for his family socials and had become ‘a celebrity in his own right’. He made a name for himself as a journalist initially and was referred to as the ‘famous journalist’ & publicist by Baburao Patel, editor of Filmindia.

His debut film as a director was ‘Gorakh Aya’ (1938), produced by Ranjit Movietone, though he joined Ranjit in 1929, as a scriptwriter. In 1938, he directed another film for Ranjit, a social comedy, ‘The Secretary’, and both films were box-office successes for Doshi. His forte was socials, regularly adapting stories and novels for films. He worked initially on comedies like ‘Secretary’ and ‘Musafir’ (1940), but then ‘shifted to more significant films’.

Chaturbhuj Anandji Doshi was born in 1894 in Kathiawad, Gujarat, British India. He was educated at the University of Bombay, after graduation he started work as a journalist for a daily, Hindustan (1926), working for editor Indulal Yagnik. His entry into films was working as a scenarist in the silent era for directors like Jayant Desai, Nandlal Jaswantlal & Nanubhai Vakil. He joined Ranjit Movietone in 1929, and wrote stories and screenplay for several of Ranjit films.

Film ‘Gorakh Aya’ (Gorakh has come) in 1938, was the first film directed by Doshi. It was produced by Ranjit Movietone with screenplay by Gunvantrai Acharya & dialogues by PL Santoshi. The music, termed ‘good’ was composed by Gyan Dutt. ‘The Secretary’ (1938), was a “riotous comedy”, starring Madhuri, Trilok Kapoor. Charlie. The music was composed by Gyan Dutt, became a regular in most of the films directed by Doshi. Musafir in 1940 was a comedy costume drama, which had Charlie playing a prince.

‘Bhakta Surdas’, a devotional film directed by Doshi in 1942, is stated to be the “most famous” of the several versions made. It starred KL Saigal and Khursheed “the singing idol(s) of millions”, winning “unprecedented popularity” everywhere.

‘Mehemaan’ (1942) starred Madhuri, Ishwarlal, Shamim and Mubarak. Music director Bulo C. Rani had come to Bombay in 1942, and joined Ranjit Studios assisting Khemchand Prakash in music direction.

Doshi helped enormously in the development of the Gujarati cinema. During 1948-49 he directed three successful Gujarati films which “brought immense success to the industry”. The success of the Gujarati film ‘Kariyavar’ in 1948, directed by Chaturbhuj Doshi from a story by Shaida, called Vanzari Vaav, helped establish the Gujarati film industry along with other films like ‘Vadilo Ne Vanke’ (1948) by Ram Chandra Thakur and ‘Gadono Bel’ (1950) by Ratibhai Punatar. His next Gujarati film was ‘Jesal Toral’ (1948) based on folk-lore, which proved a big box-office success. In 1949, Doshi directed another Gujarati film, ‘Vevishal’, an adaptation of Meghani’s novel of the same name.

He also wrote stories, and one of his stories ‘Pati Bhakti’ was used in the Tamil film ‘En Kanawar’ (1948) produced by Ajit Pictures, which starred the Veena maestro, Sundaram Balachander, who was also the debut director and music composer for the film. In all he directed 24 Hindi films. His last Hindi film was ‘Sanskar’ (1958). He had also written few songs in film ‘Maya Bazaar’ (1932).

Chaturbhuj Doshi died on 21 January 1969 in Bombay, Maharashtra, India. Filmography

1932: Narasinh Mehta (Writer), 1934: Sitamgarh (Writer), 1938: Gorakh Aya, Secretary, 1939: Adhuri Kahani, 1940: Musafir, 1941:Pardesi, Sasural, 1942: Bhakta Surdas, Dhiraj, Mehmaan, 1943: Chhoti Maa, Shankar Parvati (Director, Writer), 1944: Bhartrahari, 1945:Murti, 1946: Phulwari, 1947: Bela, Kaun Hamara, 1948: Jesal Toral, Kariyavar (Director, Writer), Sati Sone, 1949: Bhakta Puran, Vevishal, 1950: Akhand Saubhagya, Kisi Ki Yaad, Ramtaram, 1954: Aurat Teri Yahi Kahani, 1956: Aabroo, Dashera, Dassehra, 1957: Khuda Ka Banda, Shesh Naag, 1958: Sanskar, 1960: Mehndi Rang Lagyo (Writer, Lyricist).

The cast of the film was Sadhona Bose, Arun Ahuja, Mahipal, Rewa Shankar, Narbada Shankar etc. The MD was Gyan Dutt. Today’s song is sung by Rewa Shankar Marwadi. This is only the second song of Rewa Shankar on this blog. About 3 years ago, our Sadanand Kamath ji had given a complete biography of the actress dancer Sadhona Bose, while discussing the song – “Ganga Kinaare Mohe Bagiyaa Lagaa Do Sainyya“, of this film, hence I will not repeat it.

Sadhana Bose was responsible for the names of at least 2 actresses in Bombay. Actress Sadhana Shivdasani’s mother was very much impressed with the dancing skills of Sadhana Bose. She was her fan and saw her films repeatedly. When she was carrying for Sadhana, she had decided that if she gets a girl, her name would be Sadhana only. Thus Bombay Sadhana got the Calcutta Sadhana’s name.
Secondly, actress/dancer Kumkum’s real name was Zebunnisa. When she was selected by director Shahid Lateef, for his film ‘Sheesha’ (1952), first time for debut, there was already an actress Zebunnisa existing. What’s more, this Zebunnisa was also in the same film, so Shahid was thinking for a new name for the newcomer. He remembered that his favourite Sadhana Bose had acted in a film by the name ‘Kumkum-the Dancer’ (1940), so he selected the name Kumkum for this new dancer and Kumkum got her name.
After Sadhna stopped her dance films as a heroine, she resumed her work as a choreographer. In the early 50s, she choreographed in films like ‘Bhola Shankar’ (1951), ‘Nandkishore’ (1951), ‘Shinshinaki Boobla Boo’ (1952). She used to do bit roles too in these films to earn money. It is very sad that she died in penury and neglect, but artistes in the 40s and 50s-many of them- had similar stories.

I tried very hard to get some information about today’s singer Rewa Shankar Marwadi, who was an actor, lyricist, singer and also music director  in the 1930s and 1940s. However I could not get anything concrete. Anyway I found a note on this multi talented artist of the early era, written by Shri Dhananjay Naniwadekar aka Nani, on the old RMIM forum, some 15 years ago and adapted by me for this article.

Some of Ranjit Movietone’s earliest talkie films had music by Ustad Jhande Khan. Next came the trio of Banne Khan, Ganga Prasad Pathak and Rewa Shankar Marwari. None of that music was ever released on 78 rpm records. From 1938-39, the great duo of Jnan Dutt and Khemchand Prakash took over the charge of Ranjit’s music, later to be joined by Bulo C Rani. It was only around 1938 that Ranjit started releasing its film music on 78-rpm records.

Rewa Shankar Marwari’s association with Ranjit Films and films produced or directed by ex-Ranjit hand Jayant Desai continued in the
1940s. While it is a pleasant surprise that imdb.com has a page for an obscure name like ‘Rewashankar Marwadi’ at all, it is not surprising
that his filmography has been put together for the site by people who are far from competent at that sort of thing. He acted in 27 films, till 1955, sang 12 songs in 9 films and gave music to 21 films from ‘Veer Babruwahan’ (1934) to ‘Matrubhoomi’ (1949).

Rewa Shankar sang a beautiful classical composition ‘Jai Jai Shankar’ in the film ‘Shankar Parvati’ for composer Jnan Dutt. It is available with only few collectors, and is a rare instance of film music using Raag Shree.

Song – Jai Jai Shankar Gangadhar Shiv Sukhkaari  (Shankar Parvati) (1943) Singer – Rewa Shankar, Lyrics – Pt Indra, Music – Gyan Dutt

Lyrics

jai jai shankar gangadhar shiv sukhkaari
jai jai shankar gangadhar shiv sukhkaari
jai ajar amar anandroop bhayahaari
jai ajar amar anandroop bhayahaari
jai jai shankar gangadhar shiv sukhkaari

jai indu bhaal ur vyaal maal hitkari
jai indu bhaal ur vyaal maal hitkari
jai ashutosh har dosh rog tripurari
jai ashutosh har dosh rog tripurari
jai jai shankar gangadhar shiv sukhkaari
jai ajar amar anandroop bhayahaari
jai ajar amar anandroop bhayahaari
jai jai shankar gangadhar shiv sukhkaari
jai jai shankar gangadhar
jai shankar gangadhar shiv sukhkaari
jai ajar amar anandroop bhayahaari
jai jai shankar gangadhar
jai shankar gangadhar
jai shankar gangadhar shiv sukhkaari
jai jai

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-

जय जय शंकर गंगाधर शिव सुखकारी
जय जय शंकर गंगाधर शिव सुखकारी
जय अजर अमर आनन्दरूप भयहारी
जय अजर अमर आनन्दरूप भयहारी
जय जय शंकर गंगाधर शिव सुखकारी

जय इन्दु भाल उर व्याल माल हितकारी
जय इन्दु भाल उर व्याल माल हितकारी
जय आशुतोष हर दोष रोग त्रिपुरारी
जय आशुतोष हर दोष रोग त्रिपुरारी
जय जय शंकर गंगाधर शिव सुखकारी
जय अजर अमर आनन्दरूप भयहारी
जय अजर अमर आनन्दरूप भयहारी
जय जय शंकर गंगाधर शिव सुखकारी
जय जय शंकर गंगाधर
जय शंकर गंगाधर शिव सुखकारी
जय अजर अमर आनन्दरूप भयहारी
जय जय शंकर गंगाधर
जय शंकर गंगाधर
जय जय शंकर गंगाधर शिव सुखकारी
जय जय


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3880 Post No. : 14903

Today is 3 march 2019. No, I am not going to discuss a “blog ten year challenge” song today. This article covers a far bigger time span, namely 50 years. It was on this day 50 years ago, viz on 3 march 1969 that the first Rajdhani Express train left Howrah for New Delhi. This train had made its inaugural run from New Delhi on 1 march 1969 and had arrived Howrah on 2 march 1969. Its maiden journey from Howrah to New Delhi was on 3 march 1969, viz 50 years ago.

50 years ago, the highest speed of Indian Railways trains used to be 96 kmph. This train became the first Indian train to break the 100 kmph barrier. Its maximum speed was 120 kmph.

Just like there is considerable opposition today to the introduction of bullet trains in India, there was stiff resistance against the introduction to this train. The top man in Indian Railways, viz the Chairman Railway Board himself was against the introduction of this train.

When this train began its run on 3 march 1969, Rail Minister Ram Subhag Singh was available on platform to flag it off. This train took 17 hours to reach its destination which was a seven hour improvement over the fastest train on this route.

This train was an exclusive train meant to run faster and and its onboard service was meant to be upscale. It was an all airconditioned train. It was only the second airconditioned train in India till then. The first train was one that was simply called Air Conditioned express.

The sleeper class fare from Howrah to New Delhi was Rs 290, which was one month’s salary for an average Indian. No wonder then that there was considerable resentment and opposition among people as well as politicians when this train was introduced.

The train stopped only in three stations those days, viz at Gomoh, Mughalsarai and Kanpur. Today it stops at eight stations. The train then had nine coaches, some were sleeper coaches and others were chair cars. Today there are 20 coaches.

The ticket of this train was also special. It was like an airlines ticket, namely folio type, that has photo of Qutub Minar and Howrah Bridge on its two sides.

The ticket price included price for meals. This train was the first that had a pantry car. The quality of food was quite upmarket those days, five star stuff.

With time, Rajdhani trains have changed. Those were the days of Diesel locomotives and vacuum brake coaches. They were later replaced by Electric locomotive and air brake coaches. Now ICF design coaches have been replaced by LHB design coaches.

The second Rajdhani that was introduced was between New Delhi and Bombay Central. Gradually Rajdhani trains were introduced in ten routes between New Delhi and various state capitals.

I have no idea when I first travelled by Rajdhani express. It must have been in 1990s I think, when I was posted in Andhra Pradesh. Personally I used to feel a bit overwhelmed at the prospect of travelling by this train those days. The reason could be that I was rather junior and I felt that I did not belong to this train. On the other hand, I wondered how other railway men, who I felt belonged even less there would travel in this train with confidence as if then owned it. 🙂

The first time I travelled in Rajdhani with family was in 2001 from New Delhi to Guwahati. My three year old daughter would look forward for the meals and demand some more “utterly butterly butter”. 🙂

It is not as if I have travelled a lot on Rajdhani with my family. The second and till now the last occasion when the three of us travelled by Rajdhani express was in 2016 by New Delhi Mumbai Central Rajdhani express when we went to Mumbai to admit my daughter to a medical college there.

It must be said that New Delhi -Mumbai Rajdhani is quite a useful train between the two places, Most of the journey is at night time and one reaches the destination in the morning. If one gets accomodation in this train then it is a more comfortable and convenient means to travel between the two places than travelling by plane.

My daughter and wife have travelled alone by Rajdhani quite a few times. When I was posted at Bareilly, my daughter would visit me by first reaching New Delhi by Mumbai Central Rajdhani and would then board New Delhi Dibrugarh Rajdhani that stopped at Bareilly.

In 1969, Rajdhani trains introduced speed upto 120 kmph in Indian trains. Now 50 years later, the fastest Indian Railways train are still only 160 kmph. I dream of a day when India will have a network of bullet train lines and public would be able to reach 1500 km in 5 hours. If that happens then it would be a big transformation in India. We have already seen communication revolution in Indiawhere everyone has access to phone and so one can share information easily and in real time. I dream of seeing a similar transport revolution in India. That would transform Indian economy. I am cautiously optimistic that India will have a fe bullet trains by 2030. People would be ready to use it on a big way because India by that time would be nearly a $ 10 trillions economy with per capita nominal GDP of around $7000/-, a three fold increase in per capita income of Indians and they would be able to afford bullet train tickets and many more such services.

On this occasion, here is a rail song from a time when no one even thought of Rajdhani trains, forget bullet trains. This rail train is from “Zabaan”(1943).

“Zabaan”(1943) was produced and directed by Jayant Desai for Jayant Desai productions, Bombay. This “social” movie had Ishwar lal, Kaushalya, Mubarak, Diit, Vatsala Kumthekar, Bhagwandas, Kantilal etc in it.

The movie had twelve songs in it. All of them were actor-singer songs, viz the songs were sung by the actors themselves.

Here is this rail song from “Zabaan”(1943). It is sung by Ishwar Lal. Mahir Ul Qadri is the lyricist. Music is composed by C Ramchsndra.

Only the audio of the song is available, but it is clear from the lyics that it is a rail song. It would have been nice to be able to watch the picturisation of this song, but I doubt that the video of this song is available. So we only have the audio of the song with us to savour.

On the occasion of Rajdhani trains turning 50 years old, here is this 75 year old rail song to celebrate the occasion.


Song-Piya des hai jaana (Zabaan)(1943) Singer-Ishwar Lal, Lyrics-Mahir ul Qadri, MD-C Ramchandra

Lyrics

piya des hai jaana
piya des hai jaana
aa ha ha ha
aise mein mohabbat ka koi jaam pilaana
aise mein mohabbat ka koi jaam pilaana
piya des hai jaana

gaate huye khambhe
hanste huye paudhe
gaate huye khambhe
hanste huye paudhe
chalte huye raste
chalte huye raste
kahte hain ye mujhse ke
piya des hai jaana
kahte hain ye mujhse ke
piya des hai jaana
piya des hai jaana
piya des hai jaana
aa ha ha ha
aise mein mohabbat ka koi jaam pilaana
piya des hai jaana

lohe ki ye patri
chalti hui dharti
lohe ki ye patri
chalti hui dharti
dee rail ne seeti
aawaaz ye aayi ke
piya des hai jaana
piya des hai jaana
aa ha ha ha
aise mein mohabbat ka koi jaam pilaana
piya des hai jaana

ummeed ko lekar
aate hain tere ghar
umeed ko lekar
aate hain tere ghar
hai dil ki zabaan par
hai dil ki zabaan par
piya des hai jaana
piya des hai jaana
piya des hai jaana
aa ha ha ha
aise mein mohabbat ka koi jaam pilaana
aise mein mohabbat ka koi jaam pilaana
piya des hai jaana

———————————————————
Hindi Script Lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
———————————————————

पिया देस है जाना
पिया देस है जाना
आ हा हा हा
ऐसे में मोहब्बत का कोई जाम पिलाना
ऐसे में मोहब्बत का कोई जाम पिलाना
पिया देस है जाना

गाते हुए खम्भे
हँसते हुए पौधे
गाते हुए खम्भे
हँसते हुए पौधे
चलते हुए रस्ते
चलते हुए रस्ते
कहते हैं ये मुझसे के
पिया देस है जाना
कहते हैं ये मुझसे के
पिया देस है जाना
पिया देस है जाना
पिया देस है जाना
आ हा हा हा
ऐसे में मोहब्बत का कोई जाम पिलाना
पिया देस है जाना

लोहे की ये पटरी
चलती हुई धरती
लोहे की ये पटरी
चलती हुई धरती
दी रेल ने सीटी
आवाज़ ये आई के
पिया देस है जाना
पिया देस है जाना
आ हा हा हा
ऐसे में मोहब्बत का कोई जाम पिलाना
पिया देस है जाना

उम्मीद को लेकर
आते हैं तेरे घर
उम्मीद को लेकर
आते हैं तेरे घर
है दिल की ज़बान पर
है दिल की ज़बान पर
पिया देस है जाना
पिया देस है जाना
पिया देस है जाना
आ हा हा हा
ऐसे में मोहब्बत का कोई जाम पिलाना
ऐसे में मोहब्बत का कोई जाम पिलाना
पिया देस है जाना


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3744 Post No. : 14701

Today’s song is from a comparatively less known film, ‘Prem Sangeet’ (1943). It was produced and directed by WZ Ahmed, under his own banner, Shalimar Pictures, Poona. The music was by its resident MD SK Pal aka Suryakant Pal (nephew of MD Ramchandra Pal, who was with Bombay Talkies). The lyricist was Bharat Vyas. The cast of the film was Neena, Jairaj, H Prakash, Shanta Thakkar, Rajkumari Shukla, Tiwari, Anwar, Gulab, Randhir and many more. The song is sung by Bharat Vyas and Shanta Thakkar.

Bharat Vyas (18-12-1918 to 4-7-1982) wrote 1247 songs in 189 films. In addition, he acted in 3 films, ‘Ghulami’ (1945), ‘Prithviraj Sanyogita’ (1946) and ‘Maa’ (1952). He directed a film also – ‘Rangila Rajasthan’ (1949). He sang 8 songs in 6 films – ‘Prem sangeet’ (1943), ‘Mann Ki Jeet’ (1944), ‘Ghulami’ (1945), ‘Chandralekha’ (1948), ‘Navrang’ (1959) and ‘Santaan’ (1980). He was one of the MDs for film ‘Rangila Rajasthan’ and had composed 3 songs. Shanta Thakkar, who sang with him was also not a regular singer. She had sung just one song in ‘Nirdosh’ (1941), and after today’s song, she sang one more song in ‘Mann Ki Jeet’ (1944) – only 3 songs in career.

There are many books on Hindi film related subjects in almost all languages. Most books give factual or biographical information. There was one author – Saadat Hasan Manto – whose books combined facts, myths, opinions, humour and lascivious stories about the film people he came in contact with, while he was in India before partition. I have some of his books like Meena Bazaar, Stars from Another Sky, and Dastavej Vol 5. One gets to know about the conditions prevailing in the film world in those times, through the eyes of one amongst them. Manto was close to many heroes like Shyam, Ashok kumar and others like Nazir Ahmed, Rafiq Ghaznavi etc. In one of his books, he has revealed the inside story how a shy housewife – Shahida – became a popular film heroine Neena and what magic her mentor (husband later on) WZ Ahmed played to convert her.

About two years back Sadanand Kamath ji had also written about her in one of his articles on song from film ‘Ek Raat’ (1942). I have used some part of his story along with additional information gathered from the All India Film Directory and Who’s Who – 1946, some Pakistani sites and my notes to make her story a wider one.

Neena (real name Shahida) was born on 18th July 1919 in Aligarh in a cultured Muslim family. She was the eldest of six siblings. Her father was  Prime Minister of a small state. Later he was appointed as a  magistrate in Lucknow. Subsequently, he became a member of Federal Public commission. She studied in Aligarh and completed her graduation. During her college days, Moshin Abdullah fell in love with her. They got married and she settled for her domestic duty. Her husband got a job in Bombay Talkies laboratory where Shashdhar Mukherjee was his colleague. Shahida accompanied her husband and stayed in Malad.

When WZ Ahmed set up his film production company, Shalimar Pictures, Moshin Abdullah joined him in the same capacity which he was holding in Bombay Talkies and shifted to Poona (Pune) with his wife Shahida. Probably it was during this period that WZ Ahmed came to know about Shahida and offered her the lead role in his first film ‘Ek Raat’ (1942). Even though her husband was connected with Hindi films and her sister-in-law (husband’s sister), Renuka Devi (Begum Mirza) was an established actress in Bombay Talkies, Shahida was not interested in pursuing a career in films. It was her husband who persuaded her to take the lead role in ‘Ek Raat’ (1942) offered by WZ Ahmed. Saadat Hasan Manto, in his book ‘Stars From Another Sky’ has pointed out that for Moshin Abdullah, Shahida taking up the role in the film was a necessity as he was always short of money due to his gambling habit.

Before the film went on floor, a massive publicity of the film with Shahida getting her screen name ‘Neena’ as a mystery woman was launched, with giant billboards on the roads of Karachi – without showing her face. This created a suspense and she started getting fan mail too, before her film was released. The film was first released in Karachi on 18th July 1942 where it ran for 9 weeks. With the positive feedback from the cine goers, the film was next released in Hyderabad (Deccan) followed by an all-India release. The film was a box office success.

WZ Ahmed announced his next film ‘Mann Ki Jeet’ (1944) with Neena and Shyam in the lead roles. However, in the meantime, he released a quickie , his second film ‘Prem Sangeet’ (1943) with Neena and Jairaj in lead roles without much publicity as there was no more mystery about Neena. His concentration was now on ‘Mnan Ki Jeet’ (1944). She was quite good looking. In 1945, she was voted “The best dressed beauty of the Indian film world” award from I.F.J.A. She worked in only 5 films, ‘Ek Raat’ (1942), ‘Prem Sangeet’ (1943), ‘Mann Ki Jeet’ (1944), ‘Prithviraj Sanyogita’ (1946) and ‘Meerabai’ (1947). One more ambitious film was planned and announced – ‘Shri Krishna Bhagwan’, in which she was to play Radha. However due to partition and their migration to Pakistan, this was cancelled.

WZ Ahmed in his capacity as a producer-director was virtually in full control of Neena. Her husband Moshin Abdullah being removed from Shalimar Pictures for not doing his allotted work, had lost his grip over his wife. On the other hand, Neena found wide differences in attitudes towards her of WZ Ahmed who was courteous and her husband who was not only swindling her money in gambling but he was also a womaniser. Slowly, she became close to WZ Ahmed. In 1946, Neena divorced her husband and married WZ Ahmed.

After the partition, both WZ Ahmed and Neena migrated to Pakistan lock stock barrel, leaving the staff of Shalimar Pictures in a lurch as many of the staff had not received their salary for months. In August 1948, Bombay High Court adjudged WZ Ahmed, the sole proprietor of Shalimar Pictures as insolvent. Thus the saga of a ‘mystery woman’ of Hindi films ended in mysterious circumstances.

Although, Ahmed was declared as insolvent, the workers of Shalimar made an attempt to revive the Shalimar Pictures company. They pooled their resources and Bharat Vyas produced a movie, ‘Rangeela Rajasthan’ in 1949, under the banner of Shalimar Pictures. Many ex employees like Bharat Vyas , SK Pal and Shyama Dulari etc. worked for free. However this last attempt was also not enough to save the company and it was sold out, to pay the dues of suppliers etc.

In Pakistan, Neena worked for her husband’s 2 films – ‘Roohi’ (1954) and ‘Vaada’ (1957). The third film remained unfinished, and she retired to remain a housewife – a second time. She died sometime in April 1990, in Karachi.

Waheeduddin Ziauddin Ahmed, the smart brain behind showing tempting dreams to a housewife and making her an actress in 5 films, died in a hospital in Lahore, after a prolonged illness, on 15-4-2007. It was/is believed by some even now that Neena sang her own songs initially. However, during one of his visits to India , Ahmed made it very clear that ALL songs including those attributed to Neena were sung by Sitara Kanpuri only. This is recorded in Listener’s Bulletin no. 134 of July 2007. So, there should be no doubt whatsoever about this. After his death in Lahore, the leading Newspaper of Pakistan, ‘The Dawn’ wrote a short obituary on him, on 17th April 2007. It throws light on his work. Here it is..

W.Z. Ahmed, 91, one of the most outstanding film directors of the subcontinent, passed away at a local hospital late on Sunday night (15-4-2007). He was suffering from an infection of the lung. He was laid to rest at the Bagh-i-Rehmat graveyard on Monday afternoon.

After coming up with a series of films in only five years, Wahiduddin Ziauddin Ahmed, was not as prolific as some of his successors in the film industry. He directed-produced five films before the partition of the sub-continent: ‘Aik Raat’, ‘Mann Ki Jeet’, ‘Prem Sangeet’, ‘Prithaviraj- Samyukta’ and ‘Mira Bai’ — all released between 1942 and 1947.

After partition, he made just two films ‘Roohi’ and ‘Wada’, while a third one, ‘Wafa Ki Ada’, remained incomplete. The country’s environment was obviously not suited to his brand of cinema and his creation as one of his masterpieces, ‘Roohi’, has the distinction of being the first-ever film to be banned in Pakistan. The government said the film generated ‘class hatred’, and if that was not bad enough, portrayed a ‘rich married woman having an affair with a young, unmarried man’.

The ban was later revoked and ‘Roohi’ was released in 1954. The same year W.Z. Ahmed was at the forefront of the campaign against the screening of Indian films. The protest was known as ‘Jaal agitation’ after a Dev Anand-starrer of the same name that had been imported out of East Pakistan’s quota — a limited number of Indian films were allowed into Pakistan until then — and then brought over to West Pakistan. The protest led to the arrest of Mr Ahmed and many others in Lahore.

Mr Ahmed owned the Shalimar Pictures in Pune and another studio in Madras before 1947. Some very famous writers and lyricists worked for Shalimar, including Josh Malihabadi, Krisan Chander, Ramanand Sagar, Akhtar-ul-Iman and Sagar Nizami. He established the W.Z. Studio at Wahdat Road in Lahore after some years after partition. He spent many years of his life pursuing the ideal of a filmmakers’ cooperative.

Sanaullah Khan Gandapur, who worked as an assistant to W.Z. Ahmed, remembers his guru as an excellent story-writer and a director with a vision and skill to mould actors according to his requirement. “He was a man of diversified interests and immense knowledge,” Mr Gandapur says.

Mr Ahmed was born in Gujarat, India, in 1916 where his father was a senior police officer. He is said to have been moved into entering filmdom by K.L. Sehgal’s Dev Das. It is said Mr Ahmed went to watch Dev Das and was so disappointed with the production that he decided to direct films himself.

He married twice. His first wife was a daughter of Sir Ghulam Husain Hidayatullah. Later on, he married Shahida, who acted in films under the adopted name of Neena. She died a few years ago (April 1990). Mr Ahmed had a son, Fariduddin Ahmed, and a daughter, Afia Rabbani.

Fariduddin Ahmed, well known as Farid Ahmed, was a talented filmmaker who married television and stage actor and producer, Samina Ahmed. Farid died in 1993.

Today’s song is a duet and is a parody of the famous and popular song from film ‘Jhoola’ (1941) – “Main To Dilli Se Dulhan Laaya Re”, sung by Arunkumar and Rehmat Bano. It was filmed on Mumtaz Ali and a debutant actress Shehzadi (not the sister of Zubeida, Sultana and Mehtab). I feel in this song some other tunes of songs are also present, but I could not identify them. This was the first ever song sung by Bharat Vyas in Hindi films.
 


Song – Main To Aagre Se Joota Laaya Re Ho Rani Ji (Prem Sangeet) (1943) Singers – Bharat Vyas, Shanta Thakkar, Lyrics – Bharat Vyas, Music – SK Pal

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

main aagre se
main jaipur se
o main aagre se
o main jaipur se

main aagre se joota laaya re
ho rani ji
main aagre se joota laaya re
ho rani ji
main jaipur se chunri laayi re
ho raja ji
main jaipur se chunri laayi re
ho raja ji
o main aagre se joota laaya re
ho rani ji

aao paniya
aao paniya bharan ko chalen
haan haan paniya bharan ko chalo na re
haan chalo na re
ui chalo na re
aao paani pioge raja
na na chaai pilaao
na na paani pio
na na chaai pilaao
na na paani pio
pio pio
ye paani ka pyaala hai
pio pio
main naahin piunga
main naahin piunga
hato to to to. . .

mora jiya ghanda mera
keh sakoon ganwaar hai
mora jiya ghanda mera
keh sakoon ganwaar hai
hua hai qusoor humse zuroor
maaf hamen karo huzoor

khaao khaao kasam
tum ram ji ki
haan haan ram ji ki
hanuman ji ki
ho siya jaanki ki
aaj gori women ko haraaya re
ho ram ji
aaj gori women ko haraaya re
ho ram ji

main aagre se
o main jaipur se
o main aagre se
o main jaipur se
main aagre se joota laaya re
ho rani ji
main aagre se joota laaya re
ho rani ji
main jaipur se chunri laayi re
ho raja ji
main jaipur se chunri laayi re
ho raja ji
ho main aagre se
main aagre se joota laaya re
ho rani ji

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-

मैं आगरे से
मैं जयपुर से
हो मैं आगरे से
हो मैं जयपुर से

मैं आगरे से जूता लाया रे
हो रानी जी
मैं आगरे से जूता लाया रे
हो रानी जी
मैं जयपुर से चुनरी लाई रे
हो राजा जी
मैं जयपुर से चुनरी लाई रे
हो राजा जी
ओ मैं आगरे से जूता लाया रे
हो रानी जी

आओ पनियां
आओ पनियां भरन को चलें
हां हां पनियां भरन को चलो ना रे
हाँ चलो ना रे
ऊई चलो ना रे
आओ पानी पीओगे राजा
ना ना चाय पिलाओ
ना ना पानी पियो
ना ना चाय पिलाओ
ना ना पानी पियो
पीओ पीओ
ये पानी का प्याला है
पीओ पीओ
मैं नाहीं पीऊँगा
मैं नाहीं पीऊँगा
हटो टो टो टो॰ ॰ ॰

मोरा जिया घणा मेरा
के सकूँ गंवार है
मोरा जिया घणा मेरा
के सकूँ गंवार है
हुआ है क़ुसूर हमसे जुरूर
माफ हमें करो हुज़ूर

खाओ खाओ कसम तुम राम की
हाँ हाँ राम जी की
हनुमान जी की
हो सिया जानकी की
आज गोरी वुमेन को हराया रे
हो राम जी
आज गोरी वुमेन को हराया रे
हो राम जी

मैं आगरे से
ओ मैं जयपुर से
हो मैं आगरे से
हो मैं जयपुर से

मैं आगरे से जूता लाया रे
हो रानी जी
मैं आगरे से जूता लाया रे
हो रानी जी
मैं जयपुर से चुनरी लाई रे
हो राजा जी
मैं जयपुर से चुनरी लाई रे
हो राजा जी
हो मैं आगरे से
ओ मैं आगरे से जूता लाया रे
हो रानी जी


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3729 Post No. : 14670 Movie Count :

4010

Today’s song is from an old film School Master-1943. This was a Sun Art Pictures film, produced and Directed by the veteran C M Luhar. The Music director was Ninu Majumdar. There were 10 songs in the film. 5 were by Pt. Indra and 5 were by Pt. Bharat Vyas. Our today’s song is by Bharat Vyas. It is a duet sung by Karan Dewan and Rajkumari. The cast of the film was Jeevan, Maya Banerjee, Karan Dewan, Kaushalya,Gope, Rajkumari Shukla, Susheel kumar and others.

I have not seen this film, but have seen the same name film of 1959. I do not know if their stories were same, but the Hero was same- Karan Dewan. Actor Jeevan was in contract with Prakash Pictures during this period and was taken on loan from them officially for this film. The film of 1959 was a remake of a Kannada film of the same name made in 1958. The film was so popular that besides Hindi a remake in Telugu was made in 72, Tamil in 73, Malayalam in 64 and in Odiya in 85. It was also remade in Kannada in 2010. All these films had the same title School Master. The first Kannada film was inspired by a Marathi film ” Oon Paus ” ( ?? ???? ), which was, in turn, inspired by a Hollywood movie “Make way for Tomorrow”-1937. So much for the originality of Indian film makers !

Believe it or not,but LUCK plays a great role in Film Industry.

I am not talking about the ‘Rags to Riches’ or ‘Riches to Rags’ stories in the film industry. They are there,ofcourse,for everyone to see.

I am thinking about all those geniuses and and born actors,who could never make it to the top.I am thinking of those extras,who came all the way from far off places,with a dream in their eyes and finally ended up as ‘Junior Artists’ -a respectful term for Extras.

I am also thinking of all those Talented Composers,like Sajjad Hussain,Daan Singh,Vinod,Sardar Malik,C.Arjun,Shridhar Parsekar and few others,who,despite their Talents and art could never make it great in the Film Industry.

I am also talking about those superfine actors who were sensitive,talented,hardworking but could not make it to the Top in their lives.

I am also talking about those actors, who were very good looking, but not very good in expressions and acting,but still made it to the Top for some period.Those actors, after whom the producers were running with fat moneybags and those actors who got much more than what they actually deserved for their ‘acting’.

Interestingly,in each decade of the 40s, 50s and 60s there was at least one actor who had an extraordinary luck which took him to the top-but not for long.These actors worked with Top actresses of their times,got the best songs and films were made only for them.

In the 40s, it was KARAN DEWAN. he came to the Silver screen with Punjabi film ‘Puran Bahadur’,but it was Ratan -44 which made his life.The music of Ratan made history and he became a STAR overnight.He was a good-looker,but acting wise he was nothing.His luck was so strong that after Ratan-44,roles came to him in scores and he acted with the best Heroines of his days-like Nargis, Meena Kumari, Nalini Jaywant, Suraiya, Madhubala, Noorjahan, Munawwar Sultana, Swarnalata, Meena Shorey, Kamini Kaushal, Geetabali, Vaijayantimala, Sandhya etc etc….

Once his luck worn out, he had to work as a Production Manager with B R Chopra.When he died, only his colleagues from the Cine Artists’ Association, Chandrasekhar and Manmohan Krishna attended his funeral-nobody else from the film industry !

The ‘Chikana’ Hero of the 50’s was BHARAT BHUSHAN. Though he started with Chitralekha -1941 ( he was in the role of a disciple in the Ashram and was No 17 in the credits of the film!),he became famous because of the musical films of the 50s. He did about 180 films in his career and worked,without exception,with all leading Heroines of his times.he also got the best songs of the decade.
However he never won any acclaim for his acting skills.He always survived with best music and beautiful heroines. Once this supply receded,his days were numbered and he spent his last days in difficult times.

In the 60s and the third in this list was PRADEEP KUMAR,whose top period was late 50s and all 60s, though his last film came in 1994-2 years after his death. Acting wise he was most ordinary,but in looks he always looked Royal. Roles of Princes and Kings suited him best. I don’t remember the film name,but in one film he is shown begging on the road,but even there he was looking like as if he was the king of beggars ! He did many films as a Police Officer,but even in that role he looked a ‘Raees” policeman !

Handsome all Three-they also had one thing common amongst them- Their brothers produced many films (not all) for them, and everyone died in conditions not befitting their images.

Jaimini Dewan made films( including Ratan) for Karan Dewan.

R.Chandra produced films for Bharat Bhushan

and

Kalidas was the producer for many of Pradeep Kumar’s films.

Dewan Karan Chopra aka Karan Dewan ( 6-11-1917 to 2-8-1979 ) youngest of three brothers was born at Gujranwala, Punjab (now in Pakistan), British India. He studied in Lahore, where he became interested in Journalism and started editing a film magazine in Urdu, Jagat Lakshmi. One of the local distributors he met was Tarachand Barjatya, who was then the Manager of Chandanmal Inder Kumar’s distribution office at Lahore. Through his connection with Barjatya he landed in Calcutta, and in 1939, made his acting debut as Puran in the Punjabi feature film Puran Bhagat

Dewan started his film career with the role of Puran in Puran Bhagat in Punjabi in 1939 in Calcutta. It was produced by Raisaheb Sukhlal Karnani and directed by Roop K. Shorey’s father R. L. Shorey. His second film Mera Maahi (1941) was also a Punjabi film, directed by Shankar Mehta at Lahore and starring Ragini and Manorama. This was the movie in which he sang songs for the first time in the movies under the baton of legendary music director Shyam Sunder. Later, in Rattan, he sang for the first time in Hindi movies for Naushad. B R Chopra, then working as a film journalist in Lahore, helped Karan Dewan to get in touch with Devika Rani, who invited Dewan to come to Bombay. When this did not help Dewan get films, he taught “Urdu pronunciation to actors and actresses”.

In 1944, Karan Dewan acted in Rattan, a musical romantic drama, directed by M. Sadiq, which became one of the most popular films of that year. “A tremendous hit”, it paired Dewan with Swarnalata. His decisive film was Rattan (1944), which was produced by his brother Jaimini Diwan, and this movie had turned out to be the biggest hit of 1944. He also sang songs in this movie under music director Naushad, and his song “Jab Tum Hi Chale Pardes” became popular. He sang in films such as Piya Ghar Aaja (1947), Mitti Ke Khiloune (1948) and Lahore (1949). His other important films were Zeenat (1945), Lahore (1949), Dahej (1950), Bahar (1951) and Teen Batti Char Rasta (1953). Known as a “jubilee star”, about twenty of his films are stated to have been jubilee (twenty-five weeks or more) hits.

Dewan married co-actress Manju in 1944 following the release of Rattan, in which she had a character role. By 1966, he was working as a casting agent for the film unit of Maya (1966). He continued to work in the 1960s and 1970s playing supporting parts in films such as Apna Ghar (1960), Shaheed(1965), Jeene Ki Raah (1969) and Nadaan (1971), with the last film in which he was credited being Sohanlal Kanwar’s Atmaram (1979).

He worked in 73 films and sang 18 songs in 9 films. He worked with all leading actresses of his times,including Noorjehan and Nargis. At the end of his career, however, he was down financially and had to work as a Manager with B R Chopra’s company. When he died, except two workers of Cine artistes association, no one else from Film industry was present.

Film industry is one industry where men and women have to work together. Whether it is Actor-director or Singer-Composer, for the sake of work they have to spend much time together. No wonder then that Cupid does his work overtime. Sometimes there are mutual attraction and at times there are one sided fires burning. In most cases the one sided fire is extinguished in a very painful way, like what P L Santoshi faced with actress Rehana or the slap Sanjiv Kumar got from actress Nutan.

There were cases when love of Dilip kumar for Madhubala, died in the High court witness Box, when he gave evidence against her father in the ‘ Naya Daur ‘ legal case. Dev Anand’s love with Suraiyya ended happily for Dev Anand with him marrying Kalpana Kartik, but Suraiyya stayed “Unmarried”, in his ” yaad”, throughout her life. Here the villain was her so called ” Grand mother “, who actually was her own mother, as documented in the book “Stars from another sky” by Saadat Hasan Manto !

The successful 2-way traffic usually ended with a marriage. We can see marriages between producers and Actresses( Himanshu Rai-Devika rani and W Z Khan and actress Nina), directors and singers/actresses ( Nalini jaywant-Virendra Desai, Shaukat Hussain-Noorjehan, Geeta Dutt-Guru Dutt, Lalita Pawar-G.P.Pawar, Rattanbai-Hafiz Khan), Actors and Actresses ( Arun Ahuja-Nirmala devi, Snehprabha Pradhan-Kishore Sahu, Dev Anand-Kalpana Kartik, Dharmendra- Hema Malini, Rajesh Khanna-Dimple Kapadiya, Amitabh Bachchan-Jaya, Abhishek-Aishwarya, Kishore Kumar-Madhubala, Premnath-Bina Rai, Karan Dewan-Manju Desai, Marutirao Pehlwan-Tara Devi.)

There were some odd combinations like Satyendranath Athiah-Bhanu Athaiya (Lyricist-Costume designer),Lyricist-Singer (Amar Verma-Manik Verma), Singer-villain (Shakti Kapoor- Shivangi Kolhapure),Music teacher-student ( Roshan-Ira Moitra, Hemant Kumar-Bela Mukherjee, C.Ramchandra-‘Ben’ Ratan Thakur), and even a singer-Orchestra player (Vinita Amladi-Krishna Chakravarty) and lastly between singer-singers ( Jyoti-G M Durani, Gauhar Karnataki- Bal Gandharva). There were those pairs who were singers-actors ( Amirbai- Himalayawala,Rafiq Gazanavi- Anwari bai).

The interesting group, however,was that of Composer-Singers ( Sudhir Phadke-Lalita Deulkar, Asha Bhosle-R D Burman, Naashad-Premlata, Anil Biswas-Meena Kapoor, Pannalal Ghosh-Parul Ghosh, Khayyam-Jagjit Kaur, Ghulam Haider-Umrao Zia begum, Kamal Dasgupta-Firoza begum, Ninu Majumdar-Kaumudi Munshi).

Ninu (Niranjan) Majumdar was born on 9-9-1915 in a Gujarati Nagar Brahmin family of Baroda (Vadodara). Ninu was a pet name that he became famous by. His real name was Niranjan, which he later used as a pen name in his Gazals. His father, Nagendra Mazumdar made silent films. He was also a Music Director and Lyricist in his times. Ninu Majumdar’s name is variously written as Mujumdar, Muzumdar, Majumdar and Mazumdar.

After the early influence of Faiyaz Khan, Mazumdar’s search took him to various routes and he studied different kinds of music before he came into his own to become one of the first Gujarati Sugam Sangeet (light music) singer. He soon graduated to composing his own music and writing songs. Apart from classical music, the earlier influence was also of Ravindra Sangeet. This was at the time when Bengali language enjoyed prestige among Gujaratis of a kind that was comparable to the status of French among the English speaking nations. He grew out of it in a few years.

The more lasting influence on his music was that of folk songs and semi-classical music of Uttar Pradesh (U.P.) like the Hori, Chaiti, Barkha Biraha as well asThumri and Dadra. He learned these during his stint in U.P. where he did farming for some years and also kept in touch through association with people like Satyendra Trivedi, a connoisseur of music and the “Thumri Queen”, Siddheshwari Devi, a family friend and his wife Kaumudi’s Guru.

Ninu’s ambition, even when he started his schooling in music at Baroda, was to become a music director in films. From 1937 onwards he participated in light Gujarati musical programmes. He also produced several features for All India Radio. From 1954, Mazumdar worked with all India Radio in Mumbai for over 20 years as Light Music Producer. He would have liked to take part in Hindi programmes too but the shortage of Gujarati artists forced him to concentrate on programmes in that language.

When in charge of music for the newly launched Vividh Bharati, that had to compete with Radio Ceylon without using any film music (film music was not played on AIR for several years due to conflicts over contracts and royalties), he successfully produced programmes inviting Salil Chaudhary, Kanu Ghosh and others from Bombay Youth Choir or IPTA and using voices of Manna Dey and other well known artists. Later when the issue of royalties was settled between the film producers and AIR, Mazumdar was the first to produce the popular Jaymala Programme by interviewing eminent persons from the film industry.

A career in films was also cut out for Ninu Mazumdar, as his father, Nagendra Mazumdar, was a dramatist and film producer. Nagendra was not much of a musician but he imparted his son training in music from the very early days.

Ninu found the field restricted, in a way in films, because of the need of working at a very fast pace and with view to pleasing the majority among the public. Ninu tried to introduce a new trend in film music, that of, adding a classical touch by borrowing from the old masters like Surdas. These attempts met with considerable success in Gopinath, a picture in which Ninu had interest as a producer as well.

It was in films made in the forties that a young Ninu Mazumdar’s voice could be heard. He sang with Sardar Akhtar in “Uljhan”, with Amirbai Karnataki in “Paristan” and Meena Kapoor in “Gopinath”.

He provided music for Jail Yatra and Gopinath, two of the earliest Raj Kapoor films. It is well documented by now that the Yashomati Maiyase Poochhe Nandlala song in RK movie Satyam Shivam Sundaram is a direct lift from Mazumdar’s Aai Gori Radhika in Gopinath.

He also composed music for several Gujarati Films like “Jeevano Jugari”, “Okha Haran”, “Sharad Poonam” etc.

He sang and penned quite a few of his songs. Amongst others who sang for him were Meena Kapoor, Shamshad Begum, Geeta Dutt, Suraiya, Hameedabanu, Pradeepji, C.H.Atma, Ameerbai Karnataki, Raj Kapoor, Shankar Dasgupta, S.D.Batish, Lakshmi Shankar, Talat Mehmood, Siddheshwari Devi, Rajkumar, Nalini Mulgaonkar, Dilip Dholakia, Ajeet Merchant, Shobha Gurtu, Sarla Bhide, Lata Mangeshkar, Asha Bhosale, Manna Dey, Kishori Amonkar, Usha Mangeshkar, Leela Mehta, Premlata Naik, Kishori Ghia, Suman Kalyanpur, Kaumudi Munshi,etc.

Vetern composer Ninu Mazumdar passed away on March 3 2000. Some of his songs have become so popular that people often do not even remember who wrote or composed them.

He gave music to 19 Hindi films – Black out-1942,Amanat, Masterjee, School Master, Kiran, Paristan, Rangila Dost, Main kya karun, Gudiya, Jail yatra, Gopinath, Kuch naya, Aflatoon, Pul, Raj ratan, Ram Shastri, Teen Tasweeren, Bhai Saheb-54 and Punam ka chaand-67.

He sang 28 songs in 13 films and directed 1 film-Kuchh naya-48

His son Uday gave music to TV serial ” Buniyaad ” in the 80s.

The Director CHIMANLAL MULJIBHOY LUHAR ( 1901-1948) was a Chemistry graduate from Bombay University. He started writing as a critic and author in journals like Beesvin sadee, Navchetan and Bombay Chronicle. He joined film line as a lab Assistant in Kohinoor studios in early 20s. Soon he became a noted cameraman for several documentaries, with K.D.Brothers, Bombay,under a British cameraman of Prince of Wales’ official entourage. After a brief stint at Rajkot with Saurashtra Films and a longer one at Krishna Films-where he shot 20 films, he joined Sharada Studios with ‘Dagabaz Duniya-1926 and several stunt films by Master Vithal. He turned a producer for a few stunt films. Later he was a partner in Sharda films and a Director with Sagar Movietone(1934-1940). From 1941 to 46 he worked for Prakash Pictures. He directed Sassi Punnu-32,Silver King-35 Talash-E-haq (first film of Nargis, made by Jaddanbai)-35, Do deewane, Kharab Jaan, Capt. Kirtikumar, Dynamite, Kaun kisika, Sewa Samaj, Saubhagya, Darshan, Station master, School Master, Uss paar and Bindiya. He died at the young age of 47 years,in 1948. He had established his own production outfit ‘Sun Art Pictures’ in 1943, but he made only 3 films with it -School Master-43, Uss Paar-44 and Bindiya-46, before he died, after a prolonged illness.

I have heard 6 songs of this film and I was,honestly,impressed with the songs. There are 2 songs by Ninu Majumdar himself and 2 duets of Karan Dewan and Rajkumari. Both the duets are light comedies. With today’s song the film School Master – 1943 makes its Debut on the Blog.

(credits- HFGK,wiki, Prof.Yadav’s book, star portraits,encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, Filmdom-46, inhe na bhulana, Filmindia-43 and my notes)


Song-Mera khuli hawa mein bangla (School Master)(1943) Singers-Karan Dewan, Rajkumari, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-Ninu Majumdar

Lyrics

Mera khuli hawa mein bangla
mera khuli hawa mein bangla
bangle mein balam akela
kahaan hai meri banglewaali

kahaan hai teri banglewaali
pardesi des paraaya
jahaan teri kahin banglewaali

ho aisi banglewaali
ho aisi banglewaali
roop ho kaali
chaal matwaali
kahaan hai teri banglewaali
pardesi des paraaya
jahaan teri kahin banglewaali

bangle de(?) baanke sanwariya
bangle de(?) baanke sanwariya
?? aankh milaaye najariya
?? aankh milaaye najariya
hamre dil mein unki maala
unke munh mein gaali

kahaan hai meri banglewaali
bangle mein balam akela
kahaan hai meri banglewaali

dilon beech deewaar na kheencho
dilon beech deewaar na kheencho
phool chaaho to kaliyaan seencho
phool chaaho to kaliyaan seencho
aao pujaari khadi pujaarin
aao pujaari khadi pujaarin
liye prem ki thhaali
haan liye prem ki thhaali
haan liye prem ki thhaali

kahaan hai meri banglewaali
bangle mein balam akela
kahaan hai meri banglewaali


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3707 Post No. : 14632

Today’s song is from film the film Mahatma Vidur-1943. It is sung by Vishnupant Pagnis. This will be his second song on the Blog.

The song is written by Pt. Narottam Vyas and MD is H.C. aka Harishchandra Bali. The film was produced by Circo productions and directed by Parshwanath Alatekar. The cast of the film was Vishnupant Pagnis, Durga Khote, nayampalii. Baby Madhuri,Kalyani, David etc.etc.

Thousands of actors worked in Hindi films. All were not heroes, because to become Hero in a film, you require Luck or a God father. There were many One Film Wonders in Hindi films. Some worked in only one film and some worked only in one film worth remembering. So much has been written about this tribe, that I will not repeat it here. However, working in just one film or a film which records your name in the Hindi Film History for ever is something extraordinary. I remember just two such names, offhand, in this category, though, I feel, there could be few more such names. Knowledgeable readers can point them out in the comment section.

The names which I remember are Rajkumar Gupta, who did the role of Ajay in film Jagriti-1954 and Vishnupant Pagnis who did the main role in the film Sant Tukaram-1936 (Marathi version. Its Hindi version came up only in 1948). Rajkumar Gupta-who hailed from Ranchi-acted in only One film, Jagriti, arguably the most meaningful Children’s film ever, and his role of Ajay alongwith the movie has passed into folklore.

Vishnupant Pagnis did the immortal role of Tukaram in his first film and then lived the role throughout his life, though he did four more films in the same Genre of Saint films. His name became famous not only in India but also in other countries. This film was hailed as “one of the 3 Best films in the world” at the Venice Film Festival, where it won accolades. Records of his Bhajans from this film created records ( we too had these records in our house in the 1940s.)

Vishnupant Pagnis was born in a small place called Chicodi, near Kolhapur, on 1-11-1892, in a lower middle class family. After formal education, he was assisted by Shahu Maharaj of Kolhapur state to join a Drama company at the age of 10 years. He sang naturally, without any training from an expert. he was a popular artist doing female roles, till his entry in films. He shifted to work in various drama companies including “Lalit Kaladarsh” of Mama Varerkar- a name connected with many Marathi and Hindi films of that time. In 1913, he floated his own company ‘ Jagchitradarsh ‘, only to wind after two years in 1915. he continued working in dramas and doing female roles, for which he was famous in those times.

After a few years, he left drama acting and worked as a Music Teacher in Municipal school at Girgaum in Bombay. After his wife died, he lived with his friend Petkar. They started a Gold Jewellary shop “Pagnis Petkar and Mandali” in Girgaon.

When Prabhat Film company planned to make Sant Tukaram, a search was undertaken for the main role and the main female role. This was in early 1936 and he was selected for the role of Tukaram, while a worker in the Prabhat company-Gauri – was selected as his wife. The Director duo of the film- Damle and Fattelal- were not happy about his selection, because his name was associated with female roles. But this became his strong point for the film in which he portryed a soft, kind and loving Tukaram. He did the role so well that the film Sant Tukaram became an International Hit, in addition to running to full house in Non Marathi areas like Madras Presidency, covering Andhra, Tamilnadu, Kerala and Karnataka and also in Bengal and Punjab. he became an actor in great demand for Saint films. After the film Sant Tukaral, hundreds of people used to crowd in his shop at Girgaum to pay respects and touch his feet as Tukaram. He also always dressed like Tukaram thereafter !

Vishnupant Pagnis worked in for more films of the same genre, namely Sant Tulsidas-39, Narsi Bhagat-43, Bhakta Raj-43 and his last film Mahatma Vidur-43. He also gave music in two films, Sant Janabai- 38 and Sant Tulsidas-39. These two and Mahatma Vidur were also made in Marathi language. His most famous film Sant Tukaram was released in Hindi only in 1948, but without his songs, because he had died on 3-10-1943. The MD- Snehal Bhatkar sang his songs in the Hindi version.

Vishnupant Pagnis became immortal with just one film Sant Tukaram. Even today this film is shown and discussed in the film Institutes of many countries.Many books and essays and articles are published on this film. His performance as Tukaram has become a major reference-point in debates about Indian performance idioms: e.g. Kumar Shahani’s essay The Saint Poets of Prabhat, 1981; Geeta Kapur’s Mythic Material in Indian Cinema, 1987 etc etc.

Today’s film Mahatma Vidur-43 was made on the life of Vidur after he renounced his Royal heritage and displeased the Kauravas by joining the Pandav camp.The film was full of miracle scenes. The art direction was by the legendary Baburao Painter. Story was by mohanlal Dave and dialogeus and lyrics by Narottam Vyas and Mahesh Kaul.

How many of us really know anything about Vidur ? Not many, I am sure. Vidur was an important character in Mahabharat. He was the brother of Dhritrashtra and Pandu, thus an uncle of Kauravas and Pandavas. The story of his birth is interesting.

In the clan of Kuru, Vichitraveerya became the king. Bhishma did his marriage with Ambika and Ambalika, However, the king died without any issues. The Queen mother Satyavati requested the Rajpurohit and family mentor Bhishma to produce children for the clan. But due to his vow of Celibacy, he refused. Then Maharshi Vyas was called in to help, which he agreed. When he went to queen Ambika, she could not tolerate his Teja and closed her eyes. Hence Dhritarashtra was born without vision. Ambalika fell pale and she gave birth to Pandu, who was ill always. Finally a Daasi was asked to go with Vyasa. the Daasi enjoyed the intimacy and a very intelligent and learned Vidur was born. the meaning of word Vidur itself is skillful, intelligent and Philosophical.

In the great war, Vidur sided the Pandavas because they were on the side of Truth. He saved them many times from the plans of Kauravas, especially from the Lakshagriha fire. His advices and principles are known as Vidur Neeti. ( This is supposed to be the precursor to Chanakya Neeti in King Nand’s period.). After the war Vidur was made the PM, but he declined and went to the forest for doing Penance. Dhritarashtra, Gandhari, Kunti and Madri too went with him. Once when Dharmaraj-Yudhishthir- went to call on him, Vidur died in his arm, bestowing all his powers to him. The others with him also died later in a forest fire.

The film was directed by Parshwanath Alatekar. Tbhis name too must be unknown to most people. Altekar (1897-1957) was from Kharepatan i n Ratnagiri, the coastal Konkan area of Maharashtra. he was educated in Kolhapur and graduated from Sangli. he abandoned Law studies to direct a drama in 1922. Basically a drama enthusiast, Altekar entered film world in Marathi and directed many films in silent era. He joined hands with Sarpotdar, Master Vithal and pendharkar brothers. In 1928, he made 4 films for Imperial film company, then for Saraswati Cinetone, Master Vinayak and Circo films. He made a few Tamil and Kannada films as well.

He floated his own company Natraj Cinetone and made Hindi/Marathi film Saathi/Savangadi in 1938 with Durga Khote and Mubarak. Meanwhile he worked for his pet drama group Natya Manwantar. Alatekar died on 22-11-1957 at Bombay. he directed 13 films including silent and Tamil/Kannada films. His Hindi films were Vasavdatta-34, Saathi-38, Mera Haque-39, Geeta 40 and Mahatma Vidur-43.

Let us now listen to Vishnupant Pagnis singing a song from film Mahatma Vidur-43. The film makes its in debut in the Blog with this song.

(Credits- Hindu Dharma Granth by Pt. Shrinivas, Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, Film Directory, Prabhat Cinema by Bapu Watwe, Marathi Chitrapat sangeetkar kosh, HFGK, MuVyz and my notes)


Song-Har kaam mein rahte Prabhu hamaare (Mahatma Vidur)(1943) Singer-Vishnupant Pagnis, Lyrics-Pt Narottam Vyas, MD-Harishchandra Bali
Chorus

Lyrics

Har kaam mein rahte
Prabhu hamaare
Har kaam mein rahte Prabhu hamaare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare

mata kheti sab kuchh deti
mata kheti sab kuchh deti
bhare ann bhandaare ae
bhare ann bhandaare ae
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare

chalta pyaara kargha pyaara charkha
chalta pyaara kargha pyaara charkha
karta rahta dhan ki varsha
karta rahta dhan ki varsha
dhakta badan hamaare
dhakta badan hamaare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare

ye jeewan sarvas(?)??
ye jeewan sarvas(?) ??
balram krishn ki maiyya
balram krishn ki maiyya
ham jeete un ke sahaare
ham jeete un ke sahaare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare

mukti ka panthh na dooja
mukti ka panthh na dooja
sab kaam prabhu ki pooja
sab kaam prabhu ki pooja
nij kaam hi jan ko taare
nij kaam hi jan ko taare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3705 Post No. : 14630

Today’s song is from film Manchali-43. It is sung by Ramola and Sunder Singh. The lyricist is not mentioned in HFGK, but it is either of the two named therein- G.A.Chishti and Kashyap. The MD was G A Chishti. The film was directed by R C Talwar ( who was earlier an assistant to Kidar Sharma,in Calcutta). The film cast was Ramola, Manorama, Ramdulari, Sunder, A S Gyani, B N Sharma, Suraiya Begum etc etc.

The ‘ Same Name Confusion ‘ has haunted Hindi film industry, since its infant stage, i.e. Silent films. Even here you find a name Suraiya (albeit as Begum). Obviously, she was not the Suraiya- the singing sensation in the late 40s and the 50s. At the time of this film in 1943, she was still ‘ Baby Suraiya ‘, just starting her career. However, there were two more Suraiyas operating at this time. One was Suraiya Chaudhari and the other was Suraiya Zulfi. More in details about these Suraiyas, some other time. Today we will tackle another pair of ‘ Same name confusion ‘, which is different than such pairs discussed so far ( including in the recent book).

In the early stages of Cinema, it was difficult to get girls to work in films. However, as the film industry grew in the mid 1920s, many Anglo-Indian, European and Jew girls started working as Heroines. Since the films were silent, there was no need of knowing Hindustani language or a knowledge of singing. Additionally, due to their open culture, these girls were willing to give romantic, intimate scenes or even kissing on the screen. As such, the Censor had no objection for such scenes. In those days, there were separate Censor Boards for each state or presidency, after the Indian Cinematography Act was passed in 1920. It was implemented in 1927. All the Boards were unified and reconstituted as The Central Board of Film Censors, only in 1952. Till then films or songs used to be banned, if needed, in specific states only. For example, due to objectionable content, Zohrabai Ambalawali’s song from Mann ki jeet-44 was banned in Bombay Presidency, but it was shown all over India.

The biggest number of artists given by a single Non Indian origin community, in those days was the Jews. The Jews came to India in 562 BCE and in 70 CE in two lots. They settled in various parts of India. It was the first foreign religion to come to India, even before Islam or the Zorostrian. There were 8 types of Jews, based on their locations in India.

1. Cochin Jews
2. Madras Jews
3. Bene Israeli Jews in Bombay and Konkan areas
4. Baghdadi Jews-Gujarat, Bengal and Eastern India
5. South Asian Jews
6. Bnei Menashe- NE states
7. Bene Iphraim- Telugu and
8. Delhi Jews- Punjabi

Though the Jews mingled freely and adapted themselves to local atmosphere- maintaining and following Judaism-, the Jews who took up to Film Industry were only the Bene Israeli and Baghdadi Jews. A point to note was that no Jews from Kerala or Madras even entered film line. It was only the Hindi films. There too mainly Jew women joined films. The earliest recorded Jew girl to work as a Heroine in a film was Ruby Meyers ( Sulochana ). She acted in silent film Veer Bala-1925, made by Mohan Bhavnani for Kohinoor Film company, Bombay. She went on working in films and became very popular. When the Talkie film age came, she contacted Imperial film co. to stake her claim, but was rejected as she was not fluent in speaking Hindustani. learning from this, she took one year off and became expert in Hindi and learnt singing too. She made a thumping entry with the Talkie film Madhuri-1932, in which she sang 4 songs also ! Hats off to the dedication !

There were other Jew actresses like Rose Musleah (Miss Rose), Lilian Ezra (Lilian), Marcia Soloman(Vimla), Rachel Sofaer(Arti Devi), Esther Abraham (Pramila), Susan Soloman(Feroza Begum), Florence Ezekiel(Nadira) and many more. Among the males- David Jseph Penkar wrote the story and dialogues of Alam Ara-1931, Actor David Cheulkar (David ), Ezekiel Penkar (Viju Penkar- Tarzan film Tarzan and the Cobra-88 and few more films) and Lily Ezekiel (Asha Bhende), Edvyn Meyers (Ezra Mir) and Pearl Padamsi are well known Jews. There were some male Jews in the Technical side also.

In film Manchali-1943, the Heroine was Ramola (Rachel Cohen).

Actress Ramola (real name- Rachel Cohen) was born in a Jew family on 5-7-1917, at Bombay. Her father Hayam Cohem was a school Teacher. Her initial education was done in Bombay. Later they shifted to Calcutta where she completed her matriculation and joined films. Her first film was ‘ Graher fer’-38,a Bangla film. She did few small roles and then came ‘Khazanchi’-41 from Pancholi of Lahore. This changed her career and she became a popular actress. She did films like Masoom,Khamoshi manchali.etc etc.

Initially,Ramola was a small actress. First she acted on stage along with her two sisters. Then she got a Bangla film. It was Jagdish Sethi who introduced her to director/lyricist/dialogue writer Kidar Sharma.
According to Kidar Sharma,

“She was smart and a charming young lady. Her only drawback was her height. She was not tall, just about 5 feet, but she had lofty ambitions. One day she came to see me and I promised I would personally take her to the director of her choice. She said, “I would like to be introduced to Mr. Nitin Bose, and no one else.” I took her to Mr. Bose, and was sure that her charm and talent would impress him.

Mr. Bose scanned her, from top to toe, while I praised her talent and her choice of a director, like Nitin Bose. After a long silence, Mr. Bose addressed me and said, “When you brought her to me, why did you forget to bring some bricks for her to stand on?” Poor Ramola was hurt and heart-broken by this great director’s caustic remark. She quietly said, “Goodbye” and walked away from his office.

I followed her and found that she was in tears. ‘I was moved by the plight of a struggling youngster having high hopes, being ridiculed for something which nature was responsible for. I knew what it felt like to be ridiculed. I had experienced it often enough. I escorted her to the tram junction and there she bid me goodbye. To encourage her, I said, “Please, Ramola, don’t be heart-broken. One day, when I become a director, you will be my first heroine, and we will prove to Mr. Bose and the world, what a great star you are.” Ramola laughed and said,- “Poor Mr. Kidarnath, the dialogue-writer will never be a director and I will never be a heroine.” So saying, she jumped into the tram.”

However, Kidar Sharma kept his promise and cast her in his first film as director Aulad / Dil Hi Tou Hai (1939). Aulad/Dil Hi To hai was a down-to-earth story of a middle-class father, who had sacrificed all his life to educate his son and is darling daughter, hoping that they would be worthy children to the society and to the family. Little did the old man know that the generation gap would present a different, horrifying reality, which would destroy him completely. The modern college Miss, who destroys the dreams of her old father, the aged struggling middleclass man, was played by Ramola.

After the success of the film, Ramola got romantically involved with R.C. Talwar, Kidar Sharma’s assistant who later became a director in his own right. According to Kidar Sharma, “R.C. Talwar was a classmate and friend so I ignored his relationship with Ramola.”

Later Ramola appeared in many films including Qaidi, Khazanchi, Khamoshi, Swan Aya Re, Rim Jhim etc. When she acted in Pancholi’s famous film Khazanchi-41, she became famous all over India and film offers started pouring on her. She looked so cute in her Punjabi dress- Salwar and Kurta- in that film, that this dress became famous and popular as Khazanchi dress amongst the women in India.

She acted in 23 films in Hindi and 5 films in Bangla. She even sang 14 songs in 4 Hindi films. After the arrival of new heroines including Madhubala, Nargis, Meena Kumarietc, Ramola’s career got eclipsed and she bid farewell to her film career. Her last 3 films Actor, Jawani Ki Aag and Stage were released in 1951. However her actual last film was the Bangla film, Anurag-51

Ramola was married twice. Her second husband, Leslie Rondeau, was a Captain in the British Air Force, who helped to train Indian pilots in the IAF post Indian Independence. Her son, Sam, from her first husband, migrated to Israel in the 1950s. She had two daughters, Dena and Linda, from her second marriage. Dena, based in London today, even acted in a film, GP Sippy’s Ahsaas (1979), and works in the fashion industry while Linda, a resident of Bombay, was an air-hostess with Air India. With her generous and large hearted spirit, Ramola also ‘adopted’ and looked after another 14 families, helping them move ahead in life.

Ramola passed away in Bombay on 10-12-1988.

While Ramola was doing films, another actress having a similar name Romilla appeared on the scene. Romilla was actually Sofia Abraham, the younger sister of actress Pramila (Esther Abraham). Daughter of a retired Government Contractor, Romilla was born at Calcutta, After passing the Junior Cambridge examination she came to Bombay. She joined Imperial Film co. After doing some nondescript and uncredited roles, she became the heroine in Prince Movietone’s film Calcutta after Midnight-37. She started working in C grade stunt films of Mohan pictures and others. Some of her films were Bismil ki Arzoo-37,Cyclewali-38, Chabukwali-38, Thunder-39, Ratna lutari-39, Suhana Geet-41 ( later re issued as Toote Dil-47), Sarovar ki Sundari-42, Pistolwali-43 etc etc.

After this she got married and bid goodbye to films.

Today’s song is sung by Ramola and Sunder singh, who became a comedian after his film Shukriya-44. With this song, the film “Manchali”(1943) makes its Debut on the Blog.

(Credits- Times of Israel, The wire, ‘Mother, maiden, Mistress’ by Somaiya and Kothari, Cineplot, Film Directory-48, HFGK, MuVyz, Upperstall, wikipedia and my notes)


Song-Ho koi rang rangeeli aaye (Manchali)(1943) Singers-Sundar, Ramola, MD-G A Chishti

Lyrics

Ho koi rang rangeelee
Ho koi chhail chhabeeli aaye
Ho koi rang rangeelee
Ho koi chh chh chh chh chhail chhabeeli aaye
ho koi chatak matak kar
matak latak kar
jhoola mujhe jhulaaye
ho koi chatak matak kar
matak latak kar
jhoola mujhe jhulaaye
Ho koi rang rangeelee aaye

tum kya ho
main raani tujhe banaaun
aur geet khushi ke gaaun
main raani tujhe banaaun
aur geet khushi ke gaaun
jo mera jee bahlaaye
jo mera jee bahlaaye
ho koi chatak matak kar
matak latak kar
jhoola mujhe jhulaaye
ho koi chatak matak kar
matak latak kar
jhoola mujhe jhulaaye
Ho koi rang rangeelee aaye

main jhoola tujhe jhulaaun
aur jee tera bahlaaun
main jhoola tujhe jhulaaun
aur jee tera bahlaaun
to kya ho

tab jeewan sukh paaye ae ae ae
tab jeewan sukh paaye
ho koi chatak matak kar
matak latak kar
jhoola mujhe jhulaaye
ho koi chatak matak kar
matak latak kar
jhoola mujhe jhulaaye
Ho koi rang rangeelee aaye
ho ho
ho o o o
o o o


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3696 Post No. : 14613

Today’s song is from film Shakuntala-43. It was the first film made by V.Shantaram, in his newly established own studio Rajkamal Kalamandir Ltd. This name was made by combining the first few letters of his parents- RAJaram and KAMALabai Vankudre. The studio was set up in 1942 and the first film was made almost immediately with Shantaram’s second wife, Jayashree as the Heroine opposite Chandramohan- the (actually) Blue Eyed boy of Shantaram.

The year 1942 was an eventful and Milestone year for Hindi film industry.

It was in 1942 that a splinter group from Bombay Talkies, led by S Mukherjee, separated and established their own Filmistan Studio.
Abdul Rasheed Kardar started his own Kardar Studios, after working for many famous film makers of Bombay and Calcutta.
Leaving Prabhat Films, with select associates like brother V.Awadhoot (cinematographer), Vasant Desai and few others, Shantaram started his own studio-Rajkamal Kalamandir.

Mehboob Khan left National studios( earlier Sagar movietone) and established his own Mehboob Studios, with the famous Sicle and Hammer on its Logo.

Homi Wadia left Wadia Movietone ,along with fearless Nadia, and started his own Basant pictures.

Begum Akhtar made her rare appearance in film Roti-42.

Muqabala-42 was the ffirst film with many Trick scenes and double role of Fearless Nadia,speaking shudh Hindi in one character and donning Saree with bangles, kumkum etc.

Bharat Milap was the first film in which Prem Adib and Shobhana Samarth played the roles of Ram and Seeta. Later they created history with film Ramrajya-43 in the same roles.

Madhubala debuted as Baby Mumtaz in Basant-42.

This splurge of activities in 1942 and its roll over effect flooded the next year 1943 with ” ek se badhkar ek ” films from the new establishments, competing with the established ones. Films like Aabroo from Hind Pictures of Nazeer Ahmed, Adab Arz by Amar pictures of Virendra Desai (ex Sagar), Kanan Devi’s Hospital, Hamari Baat and Kismat from Bombay Talkies, Kanoon and Namaste by Kardar, Hunterwali ki beti and Mouj from Basant pictures, Andhera, Bansari, Gauri and Nurse from Ranjit, First film Najma by Mehboob studios, Panghat and Ramrajya by Prakash, Poonji from Pancholi of Lahore,Prithvi wallabh by Minerva and the biggest grosser Shakuntala from Rajkamal made the year 1943 a memorable year indeed. In addition other films from Circo, Mohan, Murali and many other production houses too joined in.
Out of all this, Shakuntala ran for 104 weeks and it was the First film shown in USA also. The success reassured Shantaram about his decision to go alone. He started with new vigour.

film Shakuntala had a cast of Jayashree ( Shantaram’s second wife), Chandramohan,Kumar Ganesh, Ratan Piya, Nana Palshikar, Shantarin etc etc. The songs were written by Dewan Sharar and Ratan Piya. The music was given by Vasant Desai. This was his first film with Shantaram. He went on to give music to several films from Rajkamal, like Parbat pe apna dera-44, Dr. Kotnis ki amar kahani-46, Matwala Shayar Ram Joshi-47 ( Amar Bhoopali-50, Marathi), Dahej-50, Surang-53, J.J.Payal Baje-55, Do ankhe bara haath-57 and Ladki Sahyadri ki-66.

Sharar had adapted the story from the original ” अभिज्ञान शाकुंतल by Mahakavi Kalidas ” written in the 3rd century. He wrote the story, dialogues and Lyrics also. This was Sharar’s first film with Shantaram . Their association continued for some more films like, Parbat pe apna dera-44, Dr. Kotnis ki amar kahani-46, Apna Desh-49, Teen batti char Raasta-53 and J.J. Payal baje-55.

Dewan Sharar also acted in 8 films and wrote 62 songs in 12 films.

Hindi film industry has seen uneducated, educated and talented artistes in various fields like acting, direction,production, cinematography, story and dialogue writing, Lyricists,composers etc etc. It has also seen successful artistes leaving films and shining somewhere else on their merits like, Shashi kapoor-sr, S D Batish, Lyricist Moti,B.A. etc etc. However , there is only one example where the artiste had an extraordinary success in totally unrelated fields, was a distinguished author and an acknowledged scholar BEFORE joining the film industry . He is Dewan Sharar. Not much has been written about him so far. Here is something about him.

Dewan was not his first name. It was a Title used as a prefix. He came from a family which had served as Dewans in many states traditionally in few generations. His name was Atmanand Sharar. He was born (1899-1969) in Multan in erstwhile Punjab. From 1929 to 1942, he travelled in many countries. He is credited with editing the Magazine, ” Shabistan “, the first Urdu cinema paper in India. He worked as a Publicist for the League of Nations in Geneva, Switzerland. He edited a leading weekly ” Great Britain and the East ” for 3 years He regularly contributed to British and American press. He was the first Indian whose 4 plays were broadcast over BBC. From 1937 to 1940, he was in charge of the cataloguing of Urdu books and Manuscripts in India House at London. He published many books like’ Indian Folklore’, ‘ In the garden of Peacocks’, ‘ East meets West’ and ‘ Gong of Shiva’. The last one was translated in many languages of Europe. Hindi film ‘ Ishara’-43 was based on this novel. He also wrote the story of Himanshu Roy’s film ” Karma”-33- first English film by an Indian. The film credits start with his name First.

This is what South Asian Cinema Faculty of U.K.said about him, “Film and stage actor, writer of English novels, short stories, stage and radio plays, “Eastern Adviser” to British-Gaumont films in London and Urdu poet. He also contributed prominently to Indian cinema as a producer, character actor and a story and dialogue writer. Born in Multan, Dewan Atmanand Sharar (1899-1969) came from a family that had served as Dewans or Ministers in Indian princely states. After graduating from Punjab’s prestigious Government College, Lahore, he established an impressive repertory company in 1919 and presented several Hindustani plays and mushairas in various urban centres. In 1929, he set up a film-producing and distribution company and began to edit Shabistan,reputedly the first Urdu cinema paper in India.
In 1933, Dewan Sharar moved to London for the completion and launch of Himansu Rai’s Indo-British film, Karma (1933) ofwhich he was the storywriter. It was completed in England by Indian & British Film Productions with J.L. Freer Hunt as the director and Thorold Dickinson as editor. Sharar also produced and acted in Nagin ki Rani, the Hindustani version of Karma. While in London, many of his English short stories on Indian life appeared in mainstream newspapers in the UK and overseas. A major London publishing firm, George G. Harrap & Co., published two of his English works: The Gong of Shiva(1935) and Hindu Fairy Tales(1936). His short stories were also published as part of an anthology which included contributions from other famous contemporary writers. He also contributed a number of English radio plays for the BBC.

After returning to India in 1939 just before World War II, he worked for All India Radio Bombay and Delhi. He then joined filmmaker, V. Shantaram and adapted Kalidasa’s Sanskrit classic, Shakuntala for the silver screen in Hindustani. The film was a runaway success and the Sharar-Shantaram combine lasted over a decade winning laurels for both Sharar and Shantaram’s banner, Rajkamal.

In 1943, Ishaara (1943), a film based on Sharar’s English novel The Gong of Shiva catapulted actor Prithviraj Kapoor to stardom. Besides becoming an important pillar of popular Indian cinema, he also started Dewan Sharar Publications in 1963. His descendants include famous Bombay-based Indian film actor Akash Khurana and Nagpur-based businessman turned playwright and theatre actor Vikash Khurana. ”

The other Lyricist of film Shankuntala-43 was a poet with a very romantic name-Ratan Piya. He was born on 5-3-1904 at Lucknow. His father Pt. Madan Mohan was secretary to Motilal Nehru. His father was a theatre lover and so started his own Theatre company at Allahabad. Ratan, after his matriculation started working in it. He was trained to write songs for its dramas. Their company was patronised by the Viceroy, who paid Rs. 20 p.m. as his Patronage !

Ratan debuted as a Lyricist in film Pakke Badmash-1939. For this film, he even wrote an English song. His films were Zaban-43, Mali-44, Umang-44 Nai Baat-47 and Batohi-48. For sustenance, he even acted in few films like, Shakuntala-43, Umang-44, Meena-44, Mahakavi Kalidas-44, Panna Dai-45, Khush Raho-49, Janam Patrika-49 and Begunah-49. After this ratan Piya returned to Allahabad to look after their Theatre when his father died.

Today’s song is sung by Vasant Desai himself. He gave music to 46 films. He acted in 4 films. He sang 13 songs in 9 films. He was often called for giving Background music to films. He gave Background music to 99 films.

( credits- http://www.sacf.co.uk, stagecrafttheatre.com, film directory-48, HFGK, MuVyz, and my notes )


Song-Chali apne ghar ko Shakuntala (Shakuntala)(1943) Singer-Vasant Desai, Lyrics-Dewan Sharar, MD-Vasant Desai

Lyrics

is bargad ko abmain tumhaare palle daal chali
par bahan
hamen kiske palle daal chali ho

hamen kiske palle mein daalegi
sakhi laadli
tu chali
chali
hamen kyon thhi ye ghadi dekhni
chhuta chhutpane ka jo naata thha
chali
chali aashram se shakuntala
chali aashram se shakuntala

??priya
priyamvada
?? mat
chhodo
shakuntala ko dheeraj do

madan
mere nanhe
ab main tujhse juda ho rahi hoon
ghabra nahin
baba teri paalna karenge

gurubaba
apne pyaaron ko vida karne jal tak hi aana thheek hota hai
ab ye jheel ka kinaara aa gaya
hamen aagya de kar
aap aashram ko laut jaayiye

kya
aap sab yahin se laut jaayenge

main tum sabko phir kab dekhoongi

baba se kab miloongi
baba
tapasya seap waise hi duble ho rahe hain
mere jaane se aur dukhi na hona
baba
mere baba

jo hansaati thhi
usey do diye
jise paaya thha
usey kho diye
gale mil ke rona judaai ka
pita putri ki hai yahi vidha
chali

beti
samay ho gaya

chali apne ghar ko shakuntala
ye safar tera path yatra
tujhe chhaaon achchi ghani miley
miley tujh ko chaman khile khile
tujhe peene ko miley ganga jal
path yatra teri ho sufal
chali


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 15000 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3900 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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Movies with all their songs covered =1171
Total Number of movies covered =4123

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