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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘1946


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4110 Post No. : 15261

Today’s song is a Parody song from film Phoolwari-46. It is sung by Mohantara Talpade. Jayashree T and Meena T were her brother’s daughters, I believe. Mohantara was a major female playback singer in the 40s. Starting with film Mamaji-42,she sang 117 songs in 54 films, till Inaam-55. Though she got married in 1950 to Dr. Ajinkya, she continued with using her maiden name to avoid confusion. Mohantara was a popular Bhavgeet and film singer in Marathi also.

In Hindi films we find a variety of songs. Love songs, Happy songs, Sad songs, Comedy songs, Birthday songs, patriotic songs, Chorus songs, prayers, Lories, Bhajans and many more types.

However there is one type of songs which is a sure hit with all viewers and that is a PARODY SONG(in Hindi it is called VIDAMBAN song – विडंबन ). Normally a Parody song is equated with a medley of old popular song tunes, set to new Lyrics, enacted by someone else.

While this is right to a great extent, the actual definition of a Parody song is ” A song which involves changing or copying well known musical ideas or lyrics or copying a particular style of a composer or an actor or even a general twisted style of Music ”.

Our friend AK ji of Songs of Yore says, “As is commonly known, parody is an exaggerated imitation of a person, song, literature or performance to produce a comic effect. It seems parody has existed from the earliest days of dramatic performance. Wikipedia states that according to Aristotle, Hegemon of Thasos was the inventor of a kind of parody; by slightly altering the wording in well-known poems he transformed the sublime into the ridiculous. In ancient Greek literature, a parodia was a narrative poem imitating the style and prosody of epics “but treating light, satirical or mock-heroic subjects”. The ancient Indian treatise on dramaturgy, Natyashstra by Bharat Muni, is of similar antiquity. Though it mentions Prahasan as one of the ten types of play, from its definition it seems to be a low form of performance – something like burlesque – and not quite parody as we know today.

Where do parody songs in Hindi films fit in the above general description? Parody songs do not have any pretensions of being art. They are not intended to mock the original either. Very simply, these songs are a recognition of the original’s popularity. They include a large number of such songs. Broadly classified Parody songs are in two types: one, parody based on a single song, and the other, a medley of songs. There could be some more subtle variations within these broad categories.” (adapted, with thanks, from his article on Songs of Yore dt.2-3-2018)

The very FIRST Parody song in Hindi films came as early as 1936. It came from a film called ” Sunehara Sansaar”-1936. It was a Parody of a famous patriotic song by Dr. Iqbal-” Saare jahan se achha Hindosta hamara…” The parody song was ‘ Saare jahan se achha saabun bana hamara,hum kishtiyan hai iski…’

The lyricist was Vijay Kumar, B.A. and the Music Director was K C Dey.

When the song was released, instead of becoming popular, it drew people’s ire for distorting a patriotic song. There was criticism and several protests.

Another Music Director Master Mohd. (who was well known for composing many patriotic songs in those days, in his films) decided to make a Parody of K C Dey’s famous song, ‘Jao jao aye mere sadhu…’ from Pooran Bhagat-1933.

He included this parody song in same year in his film ‘ Miss frontier Mail ‘-1936. The lyrics for this song were- gaao gaao aye mere aye mere sadhu…’.

It was sung by Minu,the Mystique in the film.

This Minu was actually Minoo Cooper, a regular singer in Bombay city Parsi circles. He used to sing in many Hotels in those days. He has also sung a few more songs in Hindi films later.

This retaliatory Parody song was well received by the audience and it became popular too.

This song has been posted on this Blog, by our dear SUDHIR ji, on 29th June 2012.,along with a very interesting write up, for which he is known.

So, parody songs entered Hindi films with an interesting History behind them !

I can recall that during our younger days, it was our hobby to twist the popular songs with comic lyrics. Even today I still remember a few of them…

1) Jiya beqarar hai
Nargis ko bukhar hai,
Aja be Dilip kumar
tera intejar hai.

2) Dhoti chhod ke mat jaana
Dhoti saath mein le jaana
kasam tujhe mere Pehelwanki….

3) Bhaiya mere, saambaar mein Idli na dubaana

4) Ek saal pehle,tum to Bekaar the
Gadhe pe sawar the,
aaj bhi ho,aur kal bhi rahoge…

5) De gayi bill, budhiya dukaan ki… etc etc

I am sure many of the readers also must have done this,in their times. These song Parodies added spice to our lives. So when some film had a Parody song, we used to see that film without fail !

Making a Parody song is one of the easiest matters for the Music Directors and many Music Directors have resorted to Parody songs at least once, except probably serious composers.

The cast of the film Phoolwari was Motilal, Khursheed, Dikshit, Tiwari, Himmat Sharma (brother of Kidar Sharma), Leela Shinde, Baby Anwari etc etc. The film was made in Ranjit studios. Ranjit was almost like a factory, churning out films after films continuously. The studio had 6 shooting floors. When a Ranjit film was not shooting, the floor would be given on hire to other producers. When film Phulwari was being made, there were other five films shooting in Ranjit , on other floors. They were Prabhu ka Ghar, Chaand Chakori, Dharati, Rajputani and Seeta Haran. In this list, Khurshid had 2 films, Trilok kapoor was in 2 films and Mumtaz Shanti also had 2 films being shot there at the same time. In other films actors like Jairaj and Surendra were acting. By the way this was Khurshid’s last film at Ranjit Studios.

The film was directed by Chaturbhuj Doshi. Chaturbhuj Doshi (1894–1969) was a Hindi and Gujarati writer-director of Indian cinema. He was one of the top Gujarati screenplay writers, who helped script stories for the Punatar productions. He is stated to be one of the leading figures who launched the Gujarati film industry with work on notable films like Gunsundari (1948) and Nanand Bhojai (1948). He was well known for his family socials and had become a celebrity in his own right. He made a name for himself as a journalist initially and was referred to as the “famous journalist” & publicist by Baburao Patel, editor of Filmindia.

His debut film as a director was Gorakh Aya (1938), produced by Ranjit Movietone, though he joined Ranjit in 1929, as a scriptwriter. In 1938, he directed another film for Ranjit, a social comedy, The Secretary, and both films were box-office successes for Doshi. His forte was socials, regularly adapting stories and novels for films. He worked initially on comedies like Secretary and Musafir (1940), but then “shifted to more significant films”.

Chaturbhuj Anandji Doshi was born in 1894 in Kathiawad, Gujarat, British India. He was educated at the University of Bombay, after graduation he started work as a journalist for a daily, Hindustan (1926), working for editor Indulal Yagnik. His entry into films was working as a scenarist in the silent era for directors like Jayant Desai, Nandlal Jaswantlal & Nanubhai Vakil. He joined Ranjit Movietone in 1929, and wrote stories and screenplay for several of Ranjit films.

Film Gorakh Aya (Gorakh has come) in 1938, was the first film directed by Doshi. It was produced by Ranjit Movietone with screenplay by Gunvantrai Acharya & dialog-ues by P. L. Santoshi. The music, termed “good” was composed by Gyan Dutt. The Secretary (1938), was a “riotous comedy”, starring Madhuri, Trilok Kapoor. Charlie. The music was composed by Gyan Dutt, became a regular in most of the films directed by Doshi. Musafir in 1940 was a comedy costume drama, which had Charlie playing a prince.

Bhakta Surdas, a devotional film directed by Doshi in 1942, is stated to be the “most famous” of the several versions made. It starred K. L. Saigal and Khursheed “the singing idol(s) of millions”, winning “unprecedented popularity” everywhere.

Maheman (1942) starred Madhuri, Ishwarlal, Shamim and Mubarak. Music director Bulo C. Rani had come to Bombay in 1942, and joined Ranjit Studios assisting Khemchand Prakash in music direction.

Doshi helped enormously in the development of the Gujarati cinema. During 1948-49 he directed three successful Gujarati films which “brought immense success to the industry”. The success of the Gujarati film Kariyavar in 1948, directed by Chaturbhuj Doshi from a story by Shaida, called Vanzari Vaav, helped establish the Gujarati film industry along with other films like Vadilo Ne Vanke (1948) by Ram chandra Thakur and Gadono Bel (1950) by Ratibhai Punatar. His next Gujarati film was Jesal Toral (1948) based on folk-lore, which proved a big box-office success. In 1949, Doshi directed another Gujarati film, Vevishal, an adaptation of Meghani’s novel of the same name.

He also wrote stories, and one of his stories Pati Bhakti was used in the Tamil film En Kanawar (1948) produced by Ajit Pictures, which starred the Veena maestro, Sundaram Balachander, who was also the debut director and music composer for the film. In all he directed 24 Hindi films. His last Hindi film was Sanskar-1958. He had also written few songs in film Maya Bazar-32.

Chaturbhuj Doshi died on 21 January 1969 in Bombay, Maharashtra, India. Filmography-1932: Narasinh Mehta (Writer), 1934: Sitamgarh (Writer), 1938: Gorakh Aya, Secretary, 1939: Adhuri Kahani, 1940: Musafir, 1941:Pardesi, Sasural, 1942: Bhakta Surdas, Dhiraj, Mehmaan, 1943: Chhoti Maa, Shankar Parvati (Director, Writer), 1944: Bhartrahari, 1945:Murti, 1946: Phulwari, 1947: Bela, Kaun Hamara, 1948: Jesal Toral, Kariyavar (Director, Writer), Sati Sone, 1949: Bhakta Puran, Vevishal, 1950: Akhand Saubhagya, Kisi Ki Yaad, Ramtaram, 1954: Aurat Teri Yahi Kahani, 1956: Aabroo, Dashera, Dassehra, 1957: Khuda Ka Banda, Shesh Naag, 1958: Sanskar, 1960: Mehndi Rang Lagyo (Writer, Lyricist) (Thanks to Gujarati articles provided by Harish Raghuwanshi ji and Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema).

In the cast, you will find a name Dikshit or Dixit. In the olden films Dixit and Ghory was a comedy pair, which became very famous. Some times they even acted singly in different films. Phoolwari-46 was one such film for Dixit.

Manohar Janardhan Dixit was born on 12-11-1906 at Sinner in Nashik district,Maharashtra (Bombay state at that time.) His comedy career started with silent film ‘Sparkling youth’-1930. His first day of work in a film was 14-11-1929. He did 3 more silent films with Navjivan Films and then joined Ranjit studio. Here he met his mate Nazir Ahmed Ghori,born on 11-8-1901 at Bombay.He was the senior of the two,having started in 1927. He worked till 1931 in silent films of various companies and then joined Ranjit studio in 1931 Here too he did 4 silent films.

He paired with Dixit first time in Char Chakram-1932,directed by Jayant Desai.The film was a terrific hit and the pair did many films together like, Bhutio mahal, Do Badmash, Bhola shikar, Bhool bhulaiya, Vishwamohini, Nadira etc. They worked together till 1947,doing solo films also in between. Unfortunately none of their films have survived and we know about their acting only through Photographs,interviews and articles. However Dixit’s solo films like Pehle Aap-44, Jeevan yatra-46, Aap ki sewa mein-47 and Pugree-47 are still available. In film Pugree,his name was Ramu kaka and the very fat Dixit (222 pounds) carried the world’s smallest dog-Chikoo in the film. Later comedian Omprakash did this role in the remake of the film in Dil Daulat Duniya-1972.

Dixit acted in 66 Talkie films and 8 silent films in 17 years. He died on 29-6-1949 due to a massive heart attack. His partner Ghori migrated to Pakistan and did 8 films there till 1960,without much success. He too died on 9-12-1977 at Karachi. (Thanks to book Ina Mina Dika by Sanjit Narwekar.)

Music was by Hansraj Behl, for this Ranjit movie. I have heard many many parody songs, have seen also many, but this must be the only time when the singer of the original song is also in the same film in which that singer’s song is ‘parody- ed’. Today’s song is a parody of the famous song of Khurshid from film Tansen-43 ” Ghataa ghanghor ghor, Mor machaave shor “. I wish I was able to this film.


Song-Hawaa chale saany saany (Phoolwaari)(1946) Singer- Mohantara Talpade, Lyrics- Pt Indra Chandra, MD- Hansraj Behl

Lyrics

hawa chale saany saany
hawa chale saany saany
kauwa kare kaany kaany
more sajan jaago o
jaago
more sajan jaago o

murga jaaga
murgi jaagi
jaage khel kabootar
murga jaaga
murgi jaagi
jaage khel kabootar
bhadak bhadak kar jaagi bhainsan
jaage saanp chhachhundar
bhadak bhadak kar jaagi bhainsan
jaage saanp chhachhundar
chhodo piya chaarpaayi
chhodo piya chaarpaayi
garma garam chaai laayi
more sajan jaago o
jaago
more sajan jaago o

dhanna dhobi ganga teli
natkhat nanda naai
dhanna dhobi, ganga teli
natkhat nanda naai
chhagan sambholi laaya goli
koot raha halwaai
chhagan sambholi laaya goli
koot raha halwaai
chaukwa khaska de bhaiya
chaukwa khaska de bhaiya
wahaan dekho jaaya(?) sainya
more sajan jaago o
jaago
more sajan jaago o

daal chadhi choolhe per meri
garam masaala laao
daal chadhi choolhe per meri
garam masaala laao
main talti hoon bhajiya bhaaji
tum bacche nahlaao
main talti hoon bhajiya bhaaji
tum bacche nahlaao
raho piya ?? joda
raho piya ?? joda
rahe jaise ?? ghoda
more sajan jaago o
jaago
more sajan jaago o

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4055 Post No. : 15187

Today’s song is from film Insaaf-1946. This was a social film, directed by Phani Mujumdar and the music was by Hari Prasanna Das aka H P Das. The lyrics came from the veteran, successful lyricist D N Madhok. This film is a special one, because this was the Debut film for Balraj Sahni, after he decided to join films.

Balraj Sahni has a very high place in my list of Original actors, the others being Ashok Kumar, Motilal, Om Puri, Sanjeev Kumar, Amol Palekar, Anupam Kher, Satish Shah and few more. Indian film industry had very few ‘ Natural’ actors and most of them operated from the 30s to the 70s. As I am not well acquainted with the Newer generation actors, I can not speak about them,but I am sure there must be few such Natural actors. I guess Ranbir Kapoor is one actor , who I feel acts with ease.

Basically, it is wrong to compare old actors with the crop of New actors. Comparisons are always between ” Like with Like”. There is a sea of change in everything in film making. The parameters are changed because the needs are different today. It is grossly unfair to compare anything with the old ones.

Few years back, when I first wrote about Balraj Sahni, I had said that Balraj Sahni was a different type of person than all other film actors. It is surprising how he came into film line, in the first place. Basically he was a very sensitive writer and stage actor, but having once entered the film world, he continued for the sake of earning a livelihood, making lot of compromises on his journey of life. I still stand by what I had said. It is worthwhile to even repeat it.

In the days,when not many educated people came into films, Balraj-a double MA in English and Hindi joined the films. In the conventional way he was not a handsome person,but his superior acting prowess compensated for this. In an industry,which is a ‘show business’, he was never counted amongst the Top grade stars, though critics and learned viewers always found him excellent. You can never imagine a Raj kapoor or a Dev Anand in a film like Seema or Kabuliwala, nor can a Dilip kumar fit into ‘Do Bigha Zameen’. For such roles Balraj was matchless. After the film Do Bigha Zameen, he and Nirupa Roy became India’s most loved, poor and uneducated, good natured and simple couple for many subsequent films.

Due to this, Balraj never got any romantic or Glamorous roles. However, to earn his daily bread satisfactorily, he compromised and worked in several B grade movies, like Black Cat-59, opposite a Non actress Minu Mumtaz !

Yudhishthir Sahni aka Balraj Sahni was born in Rawalpindi, Punjab, British India (now Pakistan) on 1st May, 1913 in a Punjabi family. After completing his graduation in Bachelor of Arts (Hindi), and post graduation in Masters of Arts (English Literature), both from Punjab University; he got married to Dayamanti. It was in late 1930s that both husband and wife moved to Bengal to join Rabindra Nath Tagore’s Vishva Bharati University in Shantiniketan as English and Hindi teacher. It was about the same time that in 1936 Balraj wrote his first compilation of Hindi fiction called “Shahzaadon ka Drink”. It was also in Bengal that Balraj and Damayanti’s son, Parikshit was born. In 1938, Sahni went to work with Mahatma Gandhi for a year and the very next year went to England to join the British Broadcasting Network’s Hindi service as a radio announcer. In 1943, he returned to India.

It was in 1944 that Sahni moved to Bombay and joined the Indian People’s Theatre Association (IPTA), a group with which he also started his acting career, albeit through plays. In the same year, he bagged a role in the film “Insaf”, which marked the beginning of his acting career in Hindi film industry. “Dharti ke Lal” and “Door Chalein” were his next of releases in the same year. (In 1947, after doing Heroine’s role in film Gudiya-47, Damayanti expired. Two years later, Balraj married his first cousin Santosh Chandhok and they had 2 children.) It was, however, the film “Do Bigha Zameen” that established his strengths as an actor. The movie was directed by Bimal Roy and came out in 1953; it also won the international prize at the Cannes Film Festival. The film is now considered a classic.

In the years that followed, he played many leading roles in commercial films opposite actresses like Nargis, Meena Kumari, Vyjayanthimala, and Nutan in films “Lajwanti” (1958), “Ghar Sansar” (1958), “Satta Bazar” (1959), “Kathputli” (1957), and “Sone Ki Chidiya” (1958) respectively. These films further established his position as a versatile actor. In the 1961, film “Kabuliwala”, written by Tagore, went on to become another of his classic. To prepare for the role, Balraj lived with kabuliwalas in a Bombay suburb. His character roles with strong performances in films like “Haqeeqat” (1964), “Waqt” (1965), “Do Raaste” (1969), “Ek Phool Do Mali” (1969), and “Mere Humsafar” (1970) further left an indelible mark in the film fraternity and fans alike. The legendary song “Ae Meri Zohra Jabeen” from the film “Waqt”, picturized on Balraj Sahni and Achala Sachdev is still etched deep in peoples’ memories and is loved by the current generation as well. He acted in 3 films.

Along with successfully proving his acting prowess, he also displayed exceptional directing skills through the film Lal Batti (1957), where passengers are forced to spend a night together at the railway platform at the time of India’s independence. Balraj co-directed this movie along with Krishan Chopra. His performance in the film “Garm Hava” (1973) is considered to be the best, till date. Sadly, this was his last film before his death.

Sahni’s writing career begun with “Shahzaadon Ka Drink” that came out in 1936. This was his first compilation of Hindi fiction. He went on to become an esteemed writer in the Punjabi literature. He wrote “Mera Pakistani Safar” shortly after his visit to Pakistan in 1960. After a tour to Soviet Union in 1969, he wrote “Mera Rusi Safarnama”. This book also earned him the Soviet Land Nehru Award. He also wrote his autobiography called “Meri Filmy Aatmakatha”. Sahni even penned the screenplay for the 1951 released film “Baazi”; starring Dev Anand and directed by Guru Dutt. Apart from this, he wrote a number of poems, short stories, and contributed to the Punjabi magazine Preetlari.

Going through depression for some time after his young daughter Shabnam’s untimely death, Balraj Sahni passed away on 13th April, 1973 at the age of 59 following a cardiac arrest. He is survived by his son Parikshit, who is also an actor in the Hindi film industry.

Balraj Sahni received Padma Shri Award in 1969. Balraj Sahni earned the ‘Soviet Land Nehru Award for his book Mera Rusi Safarnama in 1969. Balraj Sahni starrer movie ‘Do Bigha Zameen’ won the international prize at the Cannes Film Festival in 1953. Balraj Sahni joined the BBC-London’s Hindi service as a radio announcer from 1939-43. ‘Punjabi Kala Kender’, founded in 1973 at Mumbai by Balraj Sahni, gives away the annual Balraj Sahni Award’. ‘All India Artists’ Association’ also gives away the annual ‘Balraj Sahni Award’.

The other day,I was reading the Autobiography of Balraj Sahni. His style of narration is very good. He does not miss even the smallest details.The part of his life when he entered the Hindi films is extremely readable.

When he was with BBC, London,once he was deputed to attend a seminar in Poona,India. He came down with his wife Damayanti and they stayed with a friend-Appasaheb Pant, the scion and Yuvraj of Aundh-a princely state in British India, in Maharashtra.( He later became the High Commissioner to Britain, post Independence). One evening they all went to see a Marathi film “Manoos'(Aadmi-39) of Prabhat, directed by V.Shantaram. After seeing the film,he was terribly impressed with Shantaram’s direction and was all praise for him.
When Balraj left BBC and returned to India,he was again in Poona. This time he went to see Shantaram, with prior appointment. When he reached the Gate, a person was waiting for him. he was taken to the reception room. That man left. In the room there was one more person with a Black cap-which was very common for Maharashtrians, those days. Balraj thought he too was another visitor like him After few minutes, that man asked in excellent English if he was Balraj Sahni. Balraj was astonished and nodded affirmatively. That man got up and said,’I am Shantaram. Nice to see you’. Later Shantaram took him around the studio etc.

Balraj returned to Bombay absolutely mesmerized with Shantaram. While in Bombay they were loitering, when they suddenly met Chetan Anand- his old friend. They were very happy to see each others. Chetan took them to his 4 bedroom spacious flat in Pali Hill,Bandra.They stayed with him for few days. Balraj had decided to work in films and was negotiating for his role in film Insaf, while Chetan was busy in his Neecha Nagar-46. One evening they went to see film ‘Shakuntala’, made by Shantaram. After seeing the film Balraj was very much upset and started criticising Shantaram that his standard has gone down, compared to Aadmi-39.

Chetan Anand smiled and said, “Shantaram has made a film for Box office.” Balraj did not understand. Chetan Anand explained, ” One can not go on making art films alone. To run the studio, you need money. Shantaram being a good businessman, he makes such films which earn him money. With this money he can make more meaningful films. For example after Shakuntala, Shantaram made Parbat pe apna Dera-44 and then his memorable film Dr. Kotnis ki amar kahani-46. This is how the maths of cinema works”. There are many such incidents described in his Autobiography which is highly readable,not only for his story but also for glimpse into the film scenario of the 40s and 50s.

Balraj had done 101 films. His first film was ‘Insaaf’-46 and the last film of Balraj, to be released well after his death was “Amaanat”-77.

The film Insaaf-46 was directed by Phani Mujumdar (28-12-1911 to 16-5-1994),who was already a seasoned Director. He is the only Director who directed films in 9 languages (Hindi, Bangla, English, Malay, Chinese, Magadhi, Maithili, Aasamese and Punjabi). Starting with P C Barua in Calcutta, besides Street singer-38 and Kapalkundala-39, he had directed several hit films like Baadbaan, Doctor, Tamanna, Door Chalen, Faraar, Aarti, Kanyadan, Akashdeep, Oonche Log etc., a total of 29 films. A short Biography and Obituary on him, written by the famous Film Historian and writer of “Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema”-Ashish Rajadhyaksha was published in The Independent,Calcutta, on 22-6-1994. I have reproduced it few months back in one of my earlier posts, so I am not repeating it here.

The Music Director of this film, Hari Prasanna Das or H.P.Das was born in Chitgaon, East Bengal, in 1905. He was a Bengali. He was assistant to Pankaj Malik in films Dushman and Kapal Kundala-1939. He gave music to Bangla film ‘ Nimai Sanyasi’-40, in which he gave singing opportunity to 20 year old young Hemant Kumar. His first Hindi film as a MD was New India Films’ Blood Feud (or Josh-E-Inteqam)- 1935. His other films were Mohabbat-43, Meena-44, Kadambari-44, Mazdoor-45, Begum-45, Insaaf-46, Veerangana-47, Sati Toral-47 and Hum bhi insaan hai-48. He died on 26-9-1989.

The film Insaaf aka Justice aka Nyay (न्याय)- 1946 had 8 songs – all penned by D.N.Madhok (5-9-1902 to 9-7-1982), who was an actor (Radheshyam-32), Music Director (Radheshyam-32), Singer (Radheshyam-32), and a Director (16 films,from 1933 to 1955). As a Lyricist, he wrote 882 songs in 119 films (1932 to 1969).

2 songs from this film are already discussed here. Today’s song will be the 3rd song. It is a chorus song. Looks like a Marching song or similar one. I do not know the story line of this film. From the lyrics of all the songs ( I have all the 8 songs of this film with me), I feel it is a film about the battle between “The Haves and The Have Nots”. No wonder, a man of Socialistic leanings, Balraj Sahni made his beginning from such a film ! There is 1 solo and 1 duet of Manna Dey in this film. These are his earliest songs in Hindi films. Manna Dey was a joint MD with H P Das in 3 films – Veerangana-47, Sati Toral-47 and Hum bhi Insaan hai-48.

Now let us listen to this chorus song.


Song- Chala chal chalaa chal uthaa ke kadam (Insaaf)(1946) Singers- Chorus, Lyricist- D N Madhok, MD-Hariprasanna Das

Lyrics

Chala chal chalaa chal
uthaa ke kadam
bhaaga jaaye jagat
rah na jaayen ham
Chala chal chalaa chal
uthaa ke kadam
bhaaga jaaye jagat
rah na jaayen ham
?? chal diya hai magar
?? hain nahin
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
?? chal diya hai magar
?? hai jahaan walwale nahin
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
?? hai jahaan walwale nahin
pyaara watan
aa aa aa
pyaara watan
pyaara watan
pyaara watan
pyara watan
le na kahin dam
Chala chal chalaa chal
uthaa ke kadam
bhaaga jaaye jagat
rah na jaayen ham

maate tujhse ??
ghutnon ke bal par chalte jo
maate tujhse ??
ghutnon ke bal par chalte jo
uthha kadam
uthha kadam
uthha kadam
aa aa aa
uthha kadam
aa aa aa
?? se nahin kam
Chala chal chalaa chal
uthaa ke kadam
bhaaga jaaye jagat
rah na jaayen ham
Chala chal chalaa chal
uthaa ke kadam
bhaaga jaaye jagat
rah na jaayen ham

maate tujhse ??
ghutnon ke bal par chalte jo
maate tujhse ??
ghutnon ke bal par chalte jo
uthha kadam
uthha kadam
uthha kadam
aa aa aa
uthha kadam
aa aa aa
uthha kadam
?? se nahin kam
Chala chal chalaa chal
uthaa ke kadam
bhaaga jaaye jagat
rah na jaayen ham
Chala chal chalaa chal
uthaa ke kadam
bhaaga jaaye jagat
rah na jaayen ham
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4019 Post No. : 15130

Today’s song is from film Hawai Khatola-46.

Whenever I come across a film starting with the word ‘Hawai’, I always remember film Hawai Daaku aka Bandit of the Air-1936, in which K N Singh was the Hero. His heroine was Ram Pyari and villain in the film was Mazhar khan. See the fate – in later years, Mazhar Khan became a Hero and K N Singh made his indelible mark as a sophisticated villain ! Incidentally, there were 7 films, starting with the word ‘Hawai’, if you are wondering about it. There were 2 films with the same Title ” Hawai Insaan “(The flying man), made in 1947 and 1965.

I have been writing on old films, their songs and about the people in those films,like actors, directors,producers,composers,lyricists, film story, studios, as well as the times in which these films were made etc, since about last 7 years – from 1-10-2012 to be precise. Many of my relatives and friends ask me how do I spend my time these days as they know that I do not work anywhere now. I tell them that I study and write on old films. Their immediate response is, “yes, old music was great” and they would spell out few old songs.

The words, old films, old music and old songs are highly relative terms. An young teenager might feel that films before 2000 are old. A man in his 30’s may feel that songs before 90s are old. Similarly, a man in his 40s feels that songs before 70 are old songs. Likewise a man in his 70s and above may feel that songs from the 30s and 40s are old songs. For a teenager songs of 30s and 40s are ‘ Antiques’ and ‘ Heritage ‘ songs !

In general Old Films have become synonymous with old songs. But it is NOT so. There is a world beyond old songs. Like English Literature, you can divide old films in 2 parts – Prose and Poetry. While poetry part will include songs, music, musicians,Lyricists, choreographers and allied matters, the Prose section will include information about actors, actresses, directors, producers and the allied specialists etc.

Writing on songs is different and writing Prose side is altogether different. With the kind of poor documentation and preservation of information in our country ( not only films but any other field too), it is extremely difficult to gather genuine, credible information on old actors etc. Old Magazines, Old Newspapers, Diaries, Letters and such other matters are difficult to trace. Those who have this treasure, rarely share it with others. Luckily, not all are like that.Thanks to generous Historians, and book writers, nowadays information is getting available to a small extent, but it is still a long way to go. There is more information available on the Poetry side than the Prose side. Most Bloggers prefer writing on Poetry side of films. Very few Bloggers write on Prose side.

My comfort zone is writing on Prose side. Not that I can not or do not write on songs or music, because these two are interlinked. All these thoughts came to my mind, when I took a look at the cast of film Hawai Khatola-46. The cast shows Devraj,Gohar karnataki,Ameena Begum, Sarla Devi, M.Beg, Raja Chatterjee, Fazal Khan, G H Chishti, M.Basheer, Gopinath etc. HFGK does not mention the name of Shanta Kumari, but she was in this film. Film India magazine carried her photo from this film,in one of its issues in 1946. So her name is confirmed. Barring Gohar Karnataki, I was unable to get any information on any of the star cast members. This is the position, about information on old time actors.

Shanta Kumari was very beautiful. She started her career from a silent film-‘ Bhai ya Kasai’-1928. Her first Talkie film was Heer Ranjha-1931. Then came many films, including 4 parts of film Hatimtai-33, in which she was Heroine Husnbanu. In film Sant Tulsidas-34, she sang along with even G N Joshi, famous classical singer of those times and later on an officer in H.M.V. Recording section. Due to her good singing, till 1936 she sang on A.I.R. Bombay. In 1940, she got married to Sound Recordist Kothari. In the later period, she acted in som6e famous films like Bharat Milap-42, Ramrajya-43, Prithvi Vallabh-43, Gwalan-46, Ram Vivah-49 and Grih Laxmi-49. After a gap, she came in Toofan aur Diya-56. She acted in few C grade films and her last film was Toofani Tarzan-62. She acted in 27 films and sang 21 songs in 8 films. She died on 18-1-2006 ( information adapted from Beete kal ke sitare by Shriram Tamrakar, and MuvYz with thanks).

Film Hawai khatola-46 was made by A M Khan Productions. It was directed by A M Khan himself, along with Sultan Alam – for whom it was the only film he directed. A M Khan began as director with film Voh Kaun-35. He directed 37 films in his career, with last film, Jadui Angoothi-65. he also acted in 2 films (Dil-46 and Bigde dil-49) and wrote Lyrics in 3 films (Cyclewali-38, Ran sangram-39 and Bahana-42).

As far as the Hero Devraj is concerned, I do not have much information about him except what is in HFGK. His name first appears in film ‘Bahadur Kisan’-38. This was Master Bhagwan’s first film as a director. The MD for this film was Meer Saheb, with whom the young C.Ramchandra worked as his assistant. This is where Bhagwan and C Ramchandra met first time and became fast friends. Name of Devraj comes up in 9 films – last film being ‘Khaufnak aankhen-47. All his films were C grade action films.

Film Hawai Khatola-46 ( by the way Hawai khatola means Aeroplane aka Udan Khatola) had music by Basheer khan Dehlavi. His first film as MD was Kala Jigar-39. He gave music to 12 films – all C grade action/stunt films. His last film seems to be Hawai Khatola. After this his name does not appear anywhere. Possibly, after Partition he must have migrated to Pakistan. He also wrote Lyrics for 2 films – Saheli-42 and Khooni-46.

Today’s song tune is similar to the famous Noorjehan song ” Baithi hoon teri yaad mein lekar ke sahara” from film Gaon ki Gori aka Village Girl-45. The song is sung by Amirbai Karnataki and Premlata, according to the uploader,Girdharilal Vishwakarma ji.


Song-Toote huye is dil ko diya kisne sahaara (Hawaai Khatola)(1946) Singers- Ameerbai Karnataki, Premlata, Lyrics-Unknown, MD-Bashir Dehalvi
Both

Lyrics

Dheere se mere man mein bataa kaun pukaara
dheere se mere man mein bataa kaun pukaara
toote huye is dil ko diya kisne sahaara
tere prem ke aakaash pe chamka hai sitaara
toote huye is dil ko

tu roop ki devi hai to main tera
haan haan main tera pujaari ee
main tera pujaari
tu roop ki devi hai to main tera
haan haan main tera pujaari ee
main tera pujaari
hoga nahin ab door kabhi chaand sitaara
tere prem ke aakaash pe chamka hai sitaara
toote huye is dil ko

reh reh ke ye kehti hai mere hriday ki dhadkan
mere hriday ki dhadkan
reh reh ke ye kehti hai mere hriday ki dhadkan
mere hriday ki dhadkan
ye dor bhi jeewan ki bani prem ka bandhan
ab swarg se badh kar hai ye sansaar hamaara
toote huye is dil ko diya kisne sahaara aa
tere prem ke aakaash pe chamka hai sitaara
toote huye is dil ko
toote huye is dil ko diya kisne sahaara aa


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4002 Post No. : 15103 Movie Count :

4147

Today’s song is from film ‘Jeena Seekho’ (1946). The film was made by Prabhakar Pictures, Bombay, which belonged to Bhalji Pendharkar, the elder brother of Baburaao Pendharkar – the hero of this film. Pendharkar brothers were quite big names in Maharashtra for film making. In fact, the whole clan of Pendharkar was connected with other famous people from film line, like Master Vinayak and V.Shantaram. Let us see how.

Bhal ji Pendharkar (Bhalchandra Gopal Pendharkar) was the son of Dr.Gopal Pendharkar, the Royal Physician of Shahu Maharaj of Kolhapur state and his partner Radhabai. Dr. Gopal was already married to another lady. This couple gave birth to Bhalji and Baburao Pendharkar. Their mother Radhabai left Dr. Gopal Pendharkar and married Damodar Karnataki. They had two sons – Master Vinayak, the famous actor, director, producer and a studio owner (also father of Baby Nanda), and his brother Vasudev – who became a Cameraman. Kamalabai, the younger sister of Radhabai married Rajaram Vankudre and they had 2 sons – V.Shantaram, famous actor, director, producer and a studio owner and his brother V Avadhoot – equally famous cinematographer.

Thus all the stalwarts were related to each others and everyone of them made a name in the film industry – both Hindi and Marathi.

Baburao Pendharkar had an illustrious career in films. He worked in different capacities, acted in Marathi and Hindi films and even directed a Tamil film. As per the entry in The Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, by Rajadhyksha and Willeman,

Baburao Pendharkar (1896-1967) was a pioneer Marathi actor and producer born in Kolhapur. Actor-manager of Maharashtra Film (1919); then a manager in Prabhat (1929); manager and main star at Kolhapur Cinetone (1933) and for several years associated with Master Vinayak at Hans Pics (1936) and Navyug Chitrapat; then producer with Navhans (1943). Best-known work after the mid-40s was with V. Shantaram at Rajkamal Kalamandir, including the classic role of the Chinese general in ‘Dr Kotnis Ki Amar Kahani’ (1946), and with his brother, the director Bhalji Pendharkar. Noted actor as a villain in mythologicals (e.g. in Shantaram’s ‘Ayodhyecha Raja / Ayodhya Ka Raja’ (1932), Kans in Vasant Joglekar’s ‘Nand Kishore’ (1951), and Keechaka in Pethkar’s ‘Keechaka Vadha’ (1959)) and for character roles in socials by Atre (the crotchety grandfather in ‘Shyamchi Aai’ (1953); the title role in ‘Mahatma Phule’ (1954)). Directed Prabhat’s only major Tamil film, ‘Seeta Kalyanam’, a landmark in Tamil cinema. Also a noted stage actor. His autobiography (1961/1983) is also an important record of Marathi film history. From ‘Jalti Nishani’ (1932) to ‘Amrapali’ (1966), he worked in 69 films in all.

The music for the film Jeena Seekho was given by Pt. Hanuman Prasad (Sharma) aka HP Sharma. To my mind the name Hanuman creates an image of a Pehelwan (wrestler). When I was in school and college in the 50’s decade, there was a craze of wrestling shows all over India. Many big names like King Kong, Hercules, Phantom, The Masked Man, Zorawar Singh, Gama-Gunga and many other unspellable names from Europe and Middle East came to India to show their wrestling prowess to an excited gallery of thousands of people in big stadiums.

It was during this period, Dara Singh won many wrestling matches. He had a record of not losing a single match in his entire wrestling career. Then he entered films.  I saw a Dara singh and King Kong wrestling match in Fateh Maidan stadium in Hyderabad. Guru Hanuman’s akhada in the North India was very famous. I also remember that there was a woman wrestler named Hamida Banu and that she had defeated many male wrestlers.

However, this Hanuman Prasad was not a wrestler. He was actually a very soft spoken, good natured person. He was a multi faceted artiste. Besides giving music to 18 films, he had acted in a film ‘Aasuon Ki Duniya’ (1936); wrote lyrics in films – ‘Gaali’ (1944), ‘Rasilee’ (1946), ‘Jasoos’ (1947) and ‘Saudagar’ (1951); directed a film – ‘Rasilee’ (1944) and even sang a song in this film ! Apart from this, he was a qualified Kathak dancer. Due to his expertise in music, he was called Pt Hanuman Prasad and due to his excellence in dancing, he was called Ustad Hanuman Prasad !

He was born in 1920 at Sujangarh in Rajasthan . He attained proficiency in music and dance. He came to Bombay and started teaching dance and music in the music school run by Pt Gouri Shankar in Hindu colony, Dadar. One day he heard the singing of a young girl, who lived with her family in top floor of the same building as his. This you girl was Geeta Roy. Attracted by her voice he met her father Devendra Roy Chaudhuri and requested him to allow her to sing in his film. He gave her one line each in 4 songs, in the chorus. Only two of these are now available. Though she was uncredited, her voice is identifiable in those songs. The rest is history – as they say. Hanuman Prasad thus engraved his name forever in the history.

He has one more claim to fame(?). He was the first husband of yesteryear actress AMBU aka Lalita Pawar. She divorced him later and married GP Pawar. She divorced him also and finally married Gupta – a producer.

First time, he gave music in the film ‘Chowringhee’ (1942). In this film his co-MD was Kazi Nazrul Islam – Bengal’s revolutionary poet and writer. HP composed 11 songs, whereas Kazi Nazrul Islam composed and wrote 2 songs. HP was impressed with Sajjad Hussain, who was a struggler at that time. Sajjad’s mastery over a number of instruments mesmerised HP and he took Sajjad as his assistant. HP also gave a break to Sajjad Hussain in film ‘Gaali’ (1944), in which Sajjad composed 3 songs and HP composed 9 songs.

HP was an expert in classical music, which he used in ‘Draupadi’ (1944), a film made by Baburao Patel (of magazine Film India fame) for his wife Susheela Rani. She sang 9 solo songs in it. She had also acted in it. The film was a flop.

The films of HP were , ‘Chowringhee’ (1942), ‘Ismat’ (1944), ‘Gaali’ (1944), ‘Draupadi’ (1944), ‘Rasilee’ (1946), ‘Nai Maa’ (1946), ‘Jeena Seekho’ (1946), ‘Bhakta Prahlad’ (1946), ‘Jasoos’ (1947), ‘Middle Fail’ (1948), ‘Hip Hip Hurray’ (1948), ‘Jannat’ (1949), ‘Daulat’ (1949), ‘Chilman’ (1949), ‘Bhool Ka Shikar’ (1950), ‘Apni Chhaaya’ (1950), ‘Saudaagar’ (1951) and ‘Usha Kiron’ (1952).

HP’s music was outdated in the new decade. He realised it and gave up this line. He spent all his time in teaching dance and music to students. He was a Saibaba devotee. Hanuman Prasad died in 1972 in Bombay.
(Adapted from an article in book ‘Rahen na rahen hum’ by Shantaram Mankikar and ‘Yadon ki Baraat’ by Shirish Kanekar, with thanks).

Today’s song is sung by my favourite singer – Saraswati Rane (real name Sakina Bi aka Chhotu Tai). Born on 4-10-1916, she was the youngest daughter of legendary Maestro of Kirana Gharana, Ustad Kareem Khan and Tarabai Maane. Her siblings in music fields were Suresh Babu Maane (real name Abdul Rehman) and Hirabai Badodekar (real name Champakali). She was one of the finest ever singers in India. She cut more than 200 records of classical singing. She won many awards too.

As per HFGK, her name appears for 26 songs in 11 films. However, she sang many more film songs, for which her name does not appear in HFGK, for whatever reasons. An example is today’s song, which is not credited in HFGK to anyone. It is thanks to the uploader, music expert and reputed collector Shri Girdharilal Vishwakarma ji (of Jodhpur), who provided the names of singer and the lyricist (Veer Mohammed Puri – what a strange name !). Singer Saraswati Rane died on 10-10-2006. She was the last of the children of Ustad Kareem Khan. I have not repeated her bio data as it was already given in 2015, in my write up for the song “Uhoon Uhoom Shikaar Na Khel“.

When you listen to this song, you will realise how an ordinary tune and music sounds sweet and melodious with Saraswati Rane’s singing. With this song, the film ‘Jeena Seekho’ of 1946 makes its debut on the blog.

 

Song – Sansaar Banaane Waale, Aisa Sansaar Bana De Re (Jeena Seekho) (1946) Singer – Saraswati Rane, Lyrics – Veer Mohammed Puri, MD – Hanuman Prasad

Lyrics

sansaar banaane waale
sansaar banaane waale
aisa sansaar bana de
bana de
bana de re
sansaar banaane waale
sansaar banaane waale
aisa sansaar bana de
bana de
bana de re

ik prem bhari duniya ho
ik prem bhari duniya ho
ik hulka phulka mann ho
ik hulka phulka mann ho
armaanon mein jeevan ho
armaanon mein jeevan ho
halka sa
halka sa ?? ?? ho
halka sa ?? ?? ho
main hoon mera saajan ho
main hoon mera saajan ho
aur gaada sa bandhan ho
us bandhan ke dhaagon mein
pyaara sa pyaar bana de
bana de
bana de re
sansaar banaane waale

mann saajan ki godi mein
mann saajan ki godi mein
aasha ?? ?? jagi ho..oo..oo
oo..oo..oo
meethe meethe
meethe swar mein
meethe meethe
meethe swar mein
sukh ki veena bajti ho..oo..oo
sukh ki veena bajti ho..oo..oo
duniya ho
duniya ho kar matwaali
duniya ho kar matwaali
preetam preetam bhajti ho
preetam preetam bhajti ho
us veena ke taaron mein
us veena ke taaron mein
aisi ?? bana de
bana de
bana de re
sansaar banaane waale
aisa sansaar bana de
bana de
bana de re
sansaar banaane waale

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

संसार बनाने वाले
संसार बनाने वाले
ऐसा संसार बना दे
बना दे
बना दे re
संसार बनाने वाले
संसार बनाने वाले
ऐसा संसार बना दे
बना दे
बना दे re

इक प्रेम भरी दुनिया हो
इक प्रेम भरी दुनिया हो
इक हल्का फुल्का मन हो
इक हल्का फुल्का मन हो
अरमानों में जीवन हो
अरमानों में जीवन हो
हल्का सा
हल्का सा ?? ?? हो
हल्का सा ?? ?? हो
मैं हूँ मेरा साजन हो
मैं हूँ मेरा साजन हो
और गाढ़ा से बंधन हो
उस बंधन के धागों में
प्यारा सा प्यार बना दे
बना दे
बना दे रे
संसार बनाने वाले

मन साजन की गोदी में
मन साजन की गोदी में
आशा ?? ?? जगी हो॰॰ओ॰॰ओ
ओ॰॰ओ॰॰ओ
मीठे मीठे
मीठे स्वर में
मीठे मीठे
मीठे स्वर में
सुख की वीणा बजती हो॰॰ओ॰॰ओ
सुख की वीणा बजती हो॰॰ओ॰॰ओ
दुनिया हो
दुनिया होकर मतवाली
दुनिया होकर मतवाली
प्रीतम प्रीतम भजती हो
प्रीतम प्रीतम भजती हो
उस वीणा के तारों में
ऐसी ?? बना दे
बना दे
बना दे रे
संसार बनाने वाले
ऐसा संसार बना दे
बना दे
बना दे re
संसार बनाने वाले


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3999 Post No. : 15096 Movie Count :

4144

Today’s song is from an obscure film – ‘Jeb Katra’ aka ‘Pick Pocket’ aka ‘Girahkat’. The film may be obscure, but the song is extremely melodious and it is a pleasure to listen to such a song. I have liked it very much. The film was produced by actress-singer Brijmala’s home production Brij Prakash Productions. Looking at the cast of film and its director, it seems to be a stunt film. It was advertised as a Social Stunt film – whatever that means. To me it was like saying ‘a religious murder mystery film’ !

I have seen this film’s advertisements in the Jan and Feb 1946 issues of magazine Film India. In the Jan issue the lyricist is given as Shams Lucknowi and the composer as Bashir Khan Dehalvi. Next month – Feb – the ad says the lyricist is Ahsan Rizvi and MD is Nisar Bazmi.

The cast of the film was Navin Yagnik, Raj Rani, Samson, Ali, Radha, Habib, Sandow etc. The role of the ‘Pick Pocket’ was done by Samson, as mentioned on a photo of the film. The film was directed by Nari Ghadiyali- a veteran of C grade stunt films. Nari (Nariman) was a Parsee.

From the silent film era, Parsee community has been involved in film industry in different ways. In about every department of film making, there has been a Parsee, sometime somewhere. Parsee community is a very small entity. They never, even at their best times, exceeded a population of 3 lakhs in entire India. This is the only community which is truly a Minority community with just about 70000 people in entire India now. They have never ever asked for any reservation from the government. Parsees have significantly contributed to India’s industrial growth. Parsee greats like Tata, Godrej and Wadias have been extremely philanthropic too.

Parsees are mainly seen in Bombay and so it was no wonder that they joined the film industry, but a Parsee in Bengal has been a Pioneer in Cinema in the eastern India. JF Madon (1856 to 1923) had a roaring Parsee Theatre business in Bombay, but he shifted to Calcutta in 1902 and built an empire of Theatres and Cinema making. At one time the Madons had control on 127 Theatres in India. They made silent and talkie films in Bangla and Hindi. After his death, his third son JJ Madon took over. However, they closed their film business in 1937 and concentrated on their other interests like, imports, foods, pharma, insurance and real estate.

In Bombay, who can forget the contribution of Ardeshir Irani in starting the Talkie era with his ‘Alam Ara’ in 1931 ? In the early era, many Parsees contributed to Hindi cinema like Homi Master, Sohrab Modi, Sarswati Devi, JBH and Homi Wadia, John Cawas etc. In later period, the Irani sisters (Honey, Daisy and Manaka), Aruna Irani, Shammi, Fali Mistry and many others contributed. Earlier, in the field of direction, there were two well known names- Aspi (Aspinder) Irani and Nari (Nariman) Ghadiyali. Aspy Irani had married actress Husn Banu and Nari Ghadiyali had married actress Pramila. Both worked for stunt films made by another Parsee group – Wadia Brothers. Today’s film is also directed by Nari Ghadiyali. He directed 25 films, starting with ‘Jungle King’ (1939) to ‘Murad’ (1961).

The hero of film ‘Jeb Katra’ was Navin Yagnik, who was frequently seen in  C grade action/stunt films. Such films were made with tight budgets by small producers and hence the actors did not earn much money. To earn more money, their endeavour used to be to get roles in social films or films of other genres, especially made by well known production houses. Their payments were much better and also timely. Thus Navin also worked in some social films made by big banners.

As such stunt films declined in the latter half of the 50s, compared to 30s and 40s, as many producers like the Wadias, Mohan Pictures etc. shifted their focus to social films. Similarly major stunt film actors like Master Vithal, Master Bhagwan, Baburao Pehelwan, Azim Bhai etc. started getting roles in social films. Recently, I found a reference to Navin Yagnik in the autobiography of Hansa Wadkar- ‘Sangte Aika’ (‘सांगते ऐका’)  roughly translated as ‘Listen, I tell you’. In it she said. . . “My hero in this film was one Navin Yagnik, a handsome boy from UP. He was very shy and after the shootings, he would quietly sit in one corner reading something. He never joined our drink parties, nor he participated in any other group activity. I was attracted towards him but he gave no response. He sent me invitation card of his marriage, when it was fixed.’  Navin Yagnik (3-10-1912 to 28-10-1977) worked only in 30 films from film ‘The Mill’ (1934) to ‘Bhagwat Mahima’ (1955).

The MD for film ‘Jeb Katra’ was Nisar Bazmi. He was one of those musicians who migrated to Pakistan much later after the partition. There is a general perception among Indians that all those who migrated to Pakistan had a tough time there and they died in poverty. While this is true in cases of many actors and actresses, the converse is true about music composers.

Music directors who were worthless, unknown and unsuccessful, who gave music to obscure of B and C grade films here, in India, prospered very well in Pakistan. Composers like GA Chishti, Nisar Bazmi, Firoz Nizami, Tufail Faruqui, Rashid Atre, Inaayat Hussain, Fateh Ali Khan, Inaayat Nath, Khursheed Anwar were not very famous or popular in India, but in Pakistan almost every musician from India became famous, popular and successful. For example, Nisar Bazmi gave music to 40 films (only 27 released) in India. They were mostly C grade films and most songs were forgotten here. Same person, in Pakistan gave music to almost 60 films, won several awards and became famous and successful. How this happened ? What is the mystery ?

To understand this we must know what happened in Pakistan after partition and how was their film and music industry. According to an article in Wiki, since 1947, Pakistan film and music industry underwent several changes. It is worth repeating here. The period is divided as following,

‘Due to shortage of composers, all were welcomed with open arms. Those who had talents did extremely well here. Unfortunately the second generation of composers of calibre were not prepared and once these migrants disappeared from the scene, the musical fields of Pakistan dried up. According to  Wiki, there are 7 ages in Pakistan film music –

  1. Independence and growth – 1947-1958
  2. The Golden Age of Pak Film Music –  1959 – 1977
  3. The Age of Disaster – 1977 – 1988 (Onslaught of VCR and brain drain to Bangladesh in 1971)
  4. Politics, Islamisation and Downfall – 1979 – 1987
  5. Collapse – 1988 – 2002
  6. Decline – 2002 – 2009
  7. New Wave and Hope – 2010 onwards’

Anyway, Nisar Bazmi migrated to Pakistan during the Golden Age period and got all the benefits. Let us see what happened to Nisar Bazmi in Pakistan. His last film in India was ‘Mister Toofan’, released in 1963. Nisar migrated to Pakistan in 1962. Producer Sibtain Fazli of Fazli brothers offered him first film ‘Aisa Bhi Hota Hai’. The music of this film became hit and very popular and there was no looking back for Nisar Bazmi. He gave music to 57 Pak films. He won Nigar Awards 7 times and also won ‘Pride of Performance’ award from the President.

His last film was in 1981. He came back to Karachi and started teaching aspiring singers, but only one of them became a famous singer. He regretted that the younger generation looked for quick money and did not put hard work. None of his 8 sons loved music. They all followed different avocations. In his later life he was famous for learning Quran by heart.

Bazmi sahib taught music to up-and-coming youngsters, but only Faisal Latif managed to become somewhat popular. When asked why his students like Shafiq-ur-Rehman, Tanveer Afridi, Shabana and Shazia Kausar are unable to reach the top, he said, “My job was to train them, which I did. Now it is up to the musicians to utilize them as I am sure they have the talent to be the best.” When asked if the youth (of Pakistan) are going in the right direction, Bazmi Sb felt that it was because of our youths’ lack of interest that our music is not what it used to be. “A youngster today doesn’t want to be taught like the legendary singers. His only interest is to become rich and famous in a short time, which is certainly the wrong way.”

Nisar Bazmi died on 22-3-2007 at Karachi.

Today’s song from film ‘Jeb Katra’ is an exceptionally melodious song comparable to any leading composer’s song in India. With such tunes in his repertoire, I wonder why Nisar bazmi could not gain fame here itself. Usually when the film is a failure, the music of that film does not reach more audience and hence does not get exposure to become popular. Of course there are songs which became popular from flop films also. After all, it is a matter of luck only.

Song – Chaandni Raaten Kya Huin (Jeb Katra) (1946) Singer – Zohrabai Ambaalewali, Lyrics – Ahsaan Rizvi, MD – Nisar Bazmi

Lyrics

chaandni raaten
haaye
chaandni raaten kya huin
sukh ke wo din guzar gaye
chaandni raaten
haaye
chaandni raaten
jee bhar ke hum hanse naache
jee bhar ke hum hanse naache
aankhon mein aansoo bhar gaye
chaandni raaten
haaye
chaandni raaten

aisi buri hawa chali
aisi buri hawa chali
murjha gaye chaman ke phool
aisi buri hawa chali
aisi buri hawa chali
murjha gaye chaman ke phool
hasraten dil ki mit gayin
hasraten dil ki mit gayin
armaan saare mar gaye
chaandni raaten
haaye
chaandni raaten

doobhar hui hai zindagi
doobhar hui hai zindagi
marna bhi ho gaya kathin
doobhar hui hai zindagi
doobhar hui hai zindagi
marna bhi ho gaya kathin
doobne hum jahaan gaye
doobne hum jahaan gaye
dariya wahaan utar gaye
chaandni raaten
haaye
chaandni raaten

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

चाँदनी रातें
हाए
चाँदनी रातें क्या हुईं
सुख के वो दिन गुज़र गए
चाँदनी रातें
हाए
चाँदनी रातें
जी भर के हम हँसे नाचे
जी भर के हम हँसे नाचे
आँखों में आँसू भर गए
चाँदनी रातें
हाए
चाँदनी रातें

ऐसी बुरी हवा चली
ऐसी बुरी हवा चली
मुरझा गए चमन के फूल
ऐसी बुरी हवा चली
ऐसी बुरी हवा चली
मुरझा गए चमन के फूल
हसरतें दिल की मिट गईं
हसरतें दिल की मिट गईं
अरमां सारे मर गए
चाँदनी रातें
हाए
चाँदनी रातें

दूभर हुई है ज़िंदगी
दूभर हुई है ज़िंदगी
मरना भी हो गया कठिन
दूभर हुई है ज़िंदगी
दूभर हुई है ज़िंदगी
मरना भी हो गया कठिन
डूबने हम जहां गए
डूबने हम जहां गए
दरिया वहाँ उतर गए
चाँदनी रातें
हाए
चाँदनी रातें


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3943 Post No. : 15019 Movie Count :

4116

Today’s song is from film “Saathi”(1946).

This title seems to be quite popular because, films with the same title were made in 1938, 1946, 1968, 1991 and 2005 as Saathi.Moreover one film called Saathiya was also made in 2002.

The first film Saathi-38 was a bilingual film, in Hindi and Marathi. This film was made by Mubarak Merchant. He was the Hero and the Heroine was Durga Khote. The Marathi version was titled “Savangadi” mening Partner or Saathi.

The 1946 film was made by Central Studios- partly owned by Mehtab, the film’s Heroine. While the film was in the making, Mehtab got married to Sohrab Modi on 28th April-1946, which happened to be her own Birthday also. She already had a son from her first marriage to actor Ashraf Khan ( who later on became a Soofi Saint). Her son Ismail, stayed with her and Modi, after her second marriage as per the understanding between the couple. Mehtab got one more son from Modi-Mehelli. He was raised as a Parsee. He settled in USA later on.

In this film, the Hero was Sadiq Ali, who was called ” Prince of Minerva ” and was Modi’s favourite. I have written about Sadiq Ali, recently, so I am not repeating it. The other cast of the film included M.Ismail, Jyoti, Badri Parshad, Gulab, Majid, Latika etc etc.

M.Ismail was born in 1902 in a Jeweller family of Lahore. He was a very good designer and Calligrapher.

M. Ismail was a resident of the Inner Bhati Gate in Lahore. Well built and fair complexioned, Ismail had blue eyes, and was quite. attractive. Mian Abdul Rasheed Kardar (the famous A. R. Kardar), also belonged to the same area in Lahore. M. Ismail used to work as a golden calligrapher, while Kardar was involved in sketching and illustration.

They went to Bombay in 1927, and according to Ismail, he and Kardar played Kaedo and side hero respectively, in Imperial Company’s Heer Ranjha. But conditions weren’t helpful, and the two young men had to return to Lahore. Fortunately, for them, during 1928, Premier Film Company started a film called Daughters of Today. Both Kardar and Ismail were inducted into the cast, but the film remained incomplete.

Later, Kardar learned production and became well known as a brilliant technician. Kardar established his own film making firm in 1930, called United Players Corporation, and cast Ismail in his early silent movies like Mysterious Eagle a. k. a Husn Ka Daku, which also had Kardar in a central role. Others in the cast were Gulzar Begum, Ghulam Qadir, Ahmed Deen and an American actress, Aeris Crawford. Ismail also acted in Kardar’s film, Safdar Jang, and both these early silent films were very successful. This led Kardar to cast him in Shepherd King (Gadarya) and Golden Dagger (Sunehri Khanjar). In those days, every film used to have an English title and an Urdu one.

After Alam Ara opened the way for talkies, Ismail became even more popular. In Kardar’s Hoor e Punjab, an adaptation of Heer Ranjha, Ismail again played Kaedo, the intriguing ice uncle of Heer, which he repeated yet again later, in film Heer Siyal, with his characteristic style. His other films in India include Alif Laila, Dekha Jaega, Mast Faqeer, Raja Gopi Chand, Prem Pujari, Watan Parast, Sohni Mahiwal, Laila Majnoon, Zamindar and others.

In 1948, M. Ismail came to Pakistan, and immediately got offers from seniors like Nazir, whose films, Pherey, Larey, Anokhi Dastan and Shehri Babu included him in their cast. His first film here was Hichkole-49. Observing his work, another promising and experienced director, Anwar Kamal Pasha offered him some good roles. His films, Ghulam, Gumnam, Qatil, Inteqam and others were the earliest hits of Pakistan. Luqman also cast him in Patan, and Mehbooba was another one that was appreciated.

Similarly Nazeer Ajmeri’s Qismat and Paigham, Munshi Dil’s Hasrat and Ishq e Laila and S. M. Dar’s Saltanat and Dulla Bhatti were also amongst his famous movies. His other films were Darwaza, Subah Kaheen Sham Kaheen, Patey Khan, Piya Milan Kee Aas, Jameela, Bara Aadmi, Zehr e Ishq and many others. The Late M. Ismail was a charming person, with a rural simplicity and a very forgiving disposition. Endearingly called Bhaiyyajee in the industry, M. Ismail’s roles of good hearted, forgetful, careless and sometimes cynical man were the best that he did. But, in many films, he performed a perfect villainish role, including the earlier mentioned, Hoor e Punjab, which had a historic role of Kaedoo. This one was only bettered later, by that most sterling artiste, Ajmal, who made Kaedo legendary with his gestures in Khwaja Khurshid Anwar’s Heer Ranjha.

In Yamla Jat and Khazanchi, in India, he did very fine title roles, while K. Asif’s Phool portrayed him as an old hakeem from Turkey, which he did to perfection. As a villain in Indian film, Wamiq Azra, he presented an individual style, with his full facial expressions. By full facial expressions means that most artistes use the eyes and the forehead, but M. Ismail, with a tremendous mobility of his motor mouth, his sagging cheeks and his prominent and protruding jowls, used a tremendous expanse of his face, which aided him in doing old men’s roles very early in his career.

In those days, there was much importance of finding a characteristic face for films and not handsome or beautiful faces, which is the trend today. That was the reason that more such fine artistes were available to the screen. In Nazeer Ajmeri’s Qismat, he played a unique role of a man, who is too forgetful to even remember his own name. It was a most hilarious performance from a truly talented actor of his times. M. Ismail got a Presidential Award for this role in Qismat.

His last film in Pakistan was Maan jawani da-76- released after his death. He died on 22-11-1975 at Lahore.

The film was directed by M.Sadiq, who was one of the most successful Directors of Bombay who migrated to Pakistan in 1970. He was born in Lahore on 10-3-1910 and died in Lahore on 3-10-1971.

Sadiq was a Cinematographer, writer,screenplay and dialogue writer,producer and director-all in one. He started his career with Thokar-39 as writer. Around 1940, he shifted to Bombay along with his mentor A.R.Kardar, actor Suresh ( Nazim Ahmed), actor Amar and few others. While working as kardar’s assistant, slowly he developed into a Director who directed about 27 films.He directed films like- Namaste, Rattan, Anmol Ratan, Saiyan, Shabab,Musafirkhana, Chhoo mantar, Chaudhavin ka chaand, Tajmahal and Bahu Begum for which he also wrote story and dialogues.

After Khota Paisa-58 Sadiq fell on bad times. He had no films on hand.That was the period when Guru Dutt was also in problems of debts. he wanted to make a film but did not want to direct it. That time Johny Walker suggested the name of M.Sadiq, whose first movie Namastey and another movie Sanjog, both produced by A R Kardar,were released in 1943 & were big hits.His Rattan,released in 1944 ,broke the records all over, in box office sweep. Poonam, Shabab, Anmol Rattan, Pardes, Jawani Ki Hawa, Anjan, were few of his famous movies.The prolific director,how ever ,was now passing through a lean phase & of late he had made light comedies, like Chhoo Mantar, Duniya Rang Rangeeli, Khota Paisa, Musafir Khana etc.

M.Sadiq was brought in & he made the movie at break neck speed & released in 1960. Film Chaudhvin ka Chand needed a director who fully equipped with muslim background and observation of even small presentation of voice, etiquette, religious etc. It is all that M Sadiq performed but we must keep in mind Guru Dutt was behind the screen, though uncredited but he had lion share to beautify the film. The movie proved to be the biggest hit earned lot more than other movies made by Gurudutt. M.Sadiq proved to be the saviour for Gurudutt.Gurudutt,not only came out of the cesspool of debt , but earned enough money to plan his next movie.

The movie proved to be lucky for the good Samaritan M.Sadiq also who was recognized as a specialist of the movies having Muslim background.He got big movies Taj Mahal,Noor Jahan & Bahu Begum (1967),to direct.

Riding on the peak of popularity ,after Bahu Begum,Sadiq Sahab left India & migrated to Pakistan.In 1971,there under his own banner he decided to produce Baharo Phool Barsao & for the music and songs he signed Nashad & Shewan Rizvi,respectively.Both had already migrated to Pakistan from India.He started shooting at Lahore Studio.but a calamity struck & Sadiq Sahab passed away after a brief illness on 03-10-1971. The movie was completed by Hasan Tariq & was released in 1972. The movie opened to full houses and celebrated Golden Jubilee at many places in Pakistan. Even in the re-run the movie was a jubilee hit. M.Sadiq was destined to die at his birth place Lahore.

There were two more uncommon names in the cast- Majid and Gulab. Majid’s name was Abdul Majid Syed. He was born at Farrukhabad in U.P. in 1915. His father was an Overseer. After Matric in 1929, he started his business of Leather in Akola, Maharashtra. in 1935, actor, director and producer Nazeer of Hind pictures, introduced him to S.K.Daryani and he got a small role in Sher ka Panja-36 and Sangdil samaj-36. However, from film Bulldog-37, he got side roles and lead roles in films like Gentleman daku-37, insaaf-37, Rajkumari-38, Masterman-38, Zamana-38, Mud-40, Saubhagya-40, Swami-41, Swaminath-42, he also acted in more films like Najma-43, Babar-44 and Zeenat-45.

In all he did over 100 films till 1947. After Partition, he migrated to Pakistan with Nazeer and Swarnalata. In Pakistan he did just 7 films. He died on 24-9-1959.

The First actress from Kashmir to work as a Heroine in Hindi films was GULAB. Her real name was Saraswati Devi. She was born on 10-6-1908 at Jammu. She joined Krishna Film Company in 1924. Her first silent film’Krishna kumar’ came in 1925. She worked in 60 silent films. Her last silent film was ‘Dagabaz Dushman’-32, made by east India Film co.Bombay.

Her first Talkie film was Suryakumari-33, made by Vishnu Cinetone. It was directed by Dhirubhai Desai. She sang one song ‘more preetam jab ghar aaye’ composed bu Kikubhai Yagnik. Then came Baburao Patel’s ‘Bala Joban’-34, Sewa Sadan-34 and Nai Duniya-34 ( Debut film of Rajkumari and Jayant). In this film Gulab sang 2 songs.

Gulab was very beautiful and quite popular in film industry. Some of her films were Bambai ki sethani-35, Challenge-37, Bharosa-40, Pyas-41, Ek Raat-42, Station master-42, Gaali-44, Rattan-44, Mann ki jeet-44, Mirza Sahibaan-47, Lahore-49, Badi Behan-49, stage-51, Post Box 999-58, Chhabili-60 etc etc. She acted in 160 films. Her last film seems to be Haqeeqat-64. She also sang 22 songs in 11 films.

The lyrics were by Wali Sahab and the music was by Gulshan Soofi, about whom I have written recently. The song is sung by one of my favourite singers- G M Durani ( Ghulam MUstafa Durani). He was one singer who would make gold of a good melodious song anytime. I like almost all of his songs. I was very sad that his end came in very pathetic condition. Once an artiste is out of circulation in the film industry, he is quickly forgotten. I have not seen a more selfish and ungrateful industry in my life where no one even attends the last journey of a forgotten artiste.

This is a very good song, sung in even a better way. With this song, film Saathi-46 makes its Debut on the Blog.

( Thanks to cineplot, pakmag.com, wiki, cinerang, Filmdom-46 and my notes for information used herein.)


Song-Wo nazron mein samaate ja rahe hain ja rahe hain (Saathi)(1946) Singer-G M Durraani, Lyricist- Wali Sahab, MD- Gulshan Soofi

Lyrics

Wo nazron mein samaate ja rahe hain
ja rahe hain
hamen apna banaate jaa rahe hain
ja rahe hain
Wo nazron mein samaate ja rahe hain
ja rahe hain

ye dil pehloo se nikla jaa raha hai ae
ye dil pehloo se nikla jaa raha hai ae
jaa raha hai
wo shaayad a a
paas aate ja rahe hain
hamen apna banaate jaa rahe hain
ja rahe hain

main jitna aa
bhool jaana chaahta hoon oon oon
oon oon
wo utna aa
aa aa aa
aa aa
yaad aate jaa rahe hain
jabaan par haan
ishaaron mein meri
hai ae ae ae
jabaan par haan ishaaron mein meri
hai ae ae
wo deewaana banaate
jaa rahe hain
jaa rahe hain
hamen apna banaate jaa rahe hain
jaa rahe hain
Wo nazron mein samaate ja rahe hain
jaa rahe hain


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3923 Post No. : 14990

Today’s song is from an almost unknown film called Zamin Asman-46. The film was made by Saubhagya Pictures, but was promoted and distributed by Prakash Pictures. While HFGK mentions name of Saubhagya, the film booklet and other records show the name of Prakash Pictures. In fact, with this film, not only the rights of this film but the company Saubhagya Pictures was taken over by the Bhatt brothers for Prakash Pictures.

The film was directed by Dwarka Khosla (born in 1904), who started from silent film era. His first Talkie film was Josh E Jawani-35 and he directed, in all, 33 films till his last film Reporter Raju-62. All songs of today’s film were composed by Faiyaz Hashmi (1920 to 29-11-2011), who wrote lyrics for only 9 Hindi films in India. The Music Director was Kamal Dasgupta and today’s song is sung by Jagmohan Sursagar and Kalyani Das.

Kalyani is a name fit for ” Same name Confusion” and I find that though kalyani Bai and kalyani Das were two different singers, most sites, Blogs and even the well known book ” Swaron ki yatra” by Anil Bhargav ji, makes a mix up and they are treated as one person. Let us know who they were….

First Kalyani Bai. Hailing from Turkman gate in Delhi, Kalyani Bai was a born singer. She took lessons from Ustad Vazir khan and in no time started singing on A.I.R and HMV. She recorded many Ghazals, Khayals and Thumris. She was taken to Calcutta at the age of 13 years to act and sing in film Pardesi, which was shelved halfway, but she was offered a job by New Theatres at Rs. 250 pm. Her nickname was Kallo. R C Boral changed her original name Zarina to Kalyani bai.

She acted and sang in 4 films of New Theatres- Anath Ashram, mukti, president and Vidyapati till 1937. She acted with all big stars of that time. Later Chandulal Shah called her to Bombay with Rs. 800 per month and she joined Ranjit in Bombay, doing her first film Toofani Toli-37. After doing 9 films, she left Ranjit and worked for several production houses. In 1945, she was in the famous All Women Qawali in film Zeenat-45- Aahen na bhari, shikve na kiye.

After her marriage in 1948, she left films to raise a family. However, she had to come back to films after after many years to do some films in 1975 onwards. After doing some films with small roles, she realised that her time was gone and she retired completely. Her last years were spent in financial difficulties. She died on 1-10-2009. kalyani Bai acted in 26 films and sang 68 songs in 41 films.

Kalyani Das was born and brought up in Calcutta. She was born in 1927 in Calcutta. Her first Hindi film song came up in film Jawab-1942, but her solo song came in Kurukshetra-45, under the baton of Pt. Ganpatrao. When Kamal Dasgupta went to Bombay, he called her and she sang in film Meghdoot-45, Bindiya-46, Zamin Asman-46, Prem ki Duniya-46, Manmani-47, Faisla-47,Giribala-47, Swayamsiddha-49 and Iran ki ek raat-49. She sang 37 songs in 11 Hindi films in addition to several songs in Bangla films.

Kalyani Bai left Calcutta in 1937 and kalyani Das started in 1942 in Calcutta. Kalyani Bai never sang for Kamal Dasgupta or any imported Bangla composer. kalyani Das sang only for Kamal Dasgupta (8 films) and in one film each for Ganpat rao, Subal Dasgupta and Prafulla Choudhari. Therefore there need not be any mix up, but you know how it is in Hindi film industry ! Shortcuts are popular.

After Partition in 1947, it did not take long for things to become normal in the Indian film industry. This was mainly because ready replacements were available in plenty to fill the vacancies caused by migration. As far as producers and financers were concerned, almost all producers and film makers had arrived here from Lahore. It was actually Lahore which felt the absence of Film makers. Pakistan film Industry was somehow managed well by the experienced people who went from India and Pakistan enjoyed a ” GOLDEN AGE OF FILMS AND MUSIC ” from 1959 to 1977. Once the old generation retired, there was no second line to take over from them.

The film industry in Pakistan was never an organised one. Moreover the often changing Goverments did not bother to do anything to protect, sustain, help or develop the infrastructure of Film industry. Unlike India, there was neither a Films Division, nor was there anything like Film and Television Institute to build local artistes in different fields.

By 2010,the film industry in Pakistan was in such a poor shape that, against India’s film production of 13526 films in 2011, Pakistan had produced only 7 films in that year !

While Indian films were distributed in over 90 countries, there was no International market for Pakistan films.

All studios in Pakistan were in ruins and Theatres had been demolished.

Can you believe, In the entire Islamabad city, there is ONLY ONE Theatre-a multiplex of 4 screens ! (info from-Filmistan-Javed Shaikh 0n pk.politics.in dated 10-4-2014 )

We heard songs composed by the Music Directors who migrated to Pakistan,i.e. West Pakistan. Today we will talk about a famous and talented composer of Hindi/Bangla films, who migrated to East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). His name is KAMAL PRASANNA DASGUPTA or simply, Kamal Dasgupta.

It is a moot point whether Kamal should be called a Film composer or a NFS composer in Hindi and Bangla. He can be called the Originator or the Pioneer, who established NFS during the period from 1935 to 1955. It was he who introduced the word ” Hindustani Song” for NFS on the 78 RPM records.

Kamal Prasanna Dasgupta was born on 28-7-1912 in village Narail,Jessore district in East Bengal. He matriculated in 1928 and did his B.Com. Then he earned a doctorate in music from the Banares Hindu University. His father Tara Prasanna died early. Kamal, his brother Subal and sister Sudhira were brought up by the eldest brother Bimal Dasgupta.

In 1935, he joined HMV as a Music Director. Here he met Kazi Nazrul Islam, who was also employed there. Kamal was a singer himself and sang many songs in Hindi, Bangla and also Tamil. He tuned almost 400 songs written by Kazi as Nazrul Geeti. It was here that he met and developed the talents of singer Juthika Roy and Jagmohan. The modern songs tuned in Rabindra and a mixed ghazal style were labelled as ” HINDUSTANI SONG ” and soon became popular all over the country. Lyricist Faiyaz Hashmi was the third person in the team of Kazi, Kamal and Faiyaz. Besides Jagmohan, Kamal Dasgupta also helped Talat Mehmood and Hemant Kumar to get established with NFS in Hindi and Bangla. His close ties with Juthika Roy were ‘special’. She wanted to marry him, but when it was clear that it was not possible, she chose not to marry at all and remained a spinster throughout her life.

He gave music in 16 Hindi films like Jawab, Hospital, Rani, Meghdoot, Arabian Nights, Bindiya, Krishna Leela, Pehchan, Zameen Aasmaan, Faisla, Giribala, Manmaani, Chandrashekhar, Vijay yatra, Iran ki ek raat and Fulwari. However, except for Jawab and Hospital his songs did not become very popular. Kanan Devi became a National name after she sang “Ye duniya Toofan mail” in Jawab-42. He also gave music in 22 Bangla films.

Kamal was a chain smoker and suffered from Gall Bladder stones. Instead of an operation, he started taking Morphin injection for pain relief, but then he became its addict. His elder brother died and all the family responsibility fell on his shoulders. He had earned a lot, but all his money was lost when his bank went bankrupt. In Calcutta, New Theatres was almost on the verge of closing down. Arrival of new blood in music field took away focus from him and he felt neglected. He became a depressed person. Around 1958 he migrated to Dhaka-East Pakistan. He converted to Islam, changing his name to Kamal Islam. He also married singer Firoza Begum. The got 3 sons and a daughter.

After the emergence of Bangla Desh, the Government tried to help him, but it was too late by then as he had become disillusioned and depressed. In frustration he wrote to a friend “The pictures you see in front, everybody remembers them and praises them. But nobody wants to know the people who work behind the scenes, nor talk about them. That is the nature of the world.”

His was not in good terms with his wife. In his final days, he contracted T.B. Finally he said Good-Bye to this world on 20-7-1974. The originator and populariser of NFS in India and a maker of memorable songs like “Toofan mail” left us forever-unsung !

The Heroine of this film was Ranjana. Now, hardly anyone knows about this actress who had worked as a Heroine with Dilip Kumar also in his early career. One can not get any information about her in any book or on the internet. here is some information about her, for our readers.

Ranjana’s real name was Ratan Shantaram Deshpande. She was born in Nagpur on 20-10-1927. While studying in St. Ursula High School, she learnt dancing and music from well known ustads. After passing her 6th standard examination, she came to Bombay to her elder sister, Kusum Deshpande, who was already working as actress with Minerva Movietone films. Kusum married Vasant Thengadi, a handsome actor in Hindi films of those times.

Kusum arranged for specialised dancing for Ratan in the holidays. later Ratan was taken to Vijay Bhatt of Prakash pictures for an interview. She was immediately selected and got a role in the famous film Ramrajya-1943. In this film she was Chitralekha, Sita’s sakhi. Vijay Bhatt also changed her name to Ranjana. She was on pay roles of prakash for Rs. 2000 pm. She acted in films like police-44, Vikramaditya-45 and Hamara Sansar-45. Next films were Nai Maa-46 and Zamin Asman-46.

Ranjana was called by Bombay Talkies to do Heroine’s role opposite Dilip Kumar in film Milan-46. This film was based on Bangla film Nauka Doobi written by Tagore. She did the role of Hem Nalini in this film’s Hindi version. The same role was done by Meera Sircar in the Bangla film Nauka Doobi.

After this film, Ranjana was in great demand, but she wanted to quit films and get married to live a simple life. But as the Luck would have it, she had to continue working in films till 1975. She also worked in many Marathi films. In all, she worked in about 35 films or so. Ranjana worked with many big stars of her times like, prem Adeeb, Prithviraj Kapoor, Jairaj,Dilip kumar,Jeevan, Umakant etc etc

It is interesting to note that her sister and her brother in law acted with her in few films. Some such films were Zamin Asman-46 and Shadi se pehle-47. In film Saajan ka Ghar-48 all three had worked together. Her sister Kusum Deshpande was born on 20-11-1914 at Nagpur. She came to Bombay in 1930 and worked in Minerva as an apprentice, without pay. She worked in A.I.R. and some Marathi dramas and films. Her first Hindi film was Ghar ki Rani-40. She also did Charnon ki Daasi-41, Village Girl-45, Wamaq Azra-46 and Zamin Asmaan-46. In all she did 20 Hindi films. She married actor Vasant Thengadi on 30-11-1944.

We have many families like this in Hindi films. I remember Zubeida and her mother and sisters, Sitara Devi and her 2 sisters, Nargis,her mother and brothers, Kapoor family, Dilip kumar, his brother and sister in law, many film couples and families of several film people are examples. Ranjana was perhaps one early example. Thank God this Ranjana was not around when yet another Ranjana came to Hindi films. She was Ranjana Deshmukh, niece of actress Sandhya(nee Vijaya Deshmukh). This Ranjana, however , worked mainly in Marathi films and did only 4 Hindi films starting with the famous film Chaani-77. Unfortunately, she first met with an accident and then died of Heart attack at the age of just 40 years or so.

Film Zamin Asman-46 was about a love triangle. Baburao Patel severely criticised this film and especially Jeevan- the Hero, in his film magazine Film India issue. The film was released on 12-7-1946 at Lamington Theatre, Bombay. The story of the film as outlined in this magazine was-

Nanak Chand (Ramesh Sinha) owns a sugar mill in partnership with Ravi (Jeevan)- son of his dead partner Pooran Chand. Ravi’s marriage with Nirmala (Kusum) is already announced, before he went to England for higher studies, but Ravi is not interested. Ravi is distressed by the plight of his factory workers, he meets Kamala (Ranjana) in a jungle ashramcalled Bharati Ashram. They fall in love.
There is a conflict between Nanak Chand and his workers. Ravi takes workers’ side. Finally, Nanak chand has to bow down and Ravi and Kamala unite.

Here is a duet sung by Kalyani Das and Jagmohan Sursagar. Jagmohan has not sung many songs in Hindi films. He was more interested and famous for his wonderful NFSs. Therefore it is more enjoyable. I like the voice of kalyani Das.

( Thanks to http://www.beetehuedin.blogspot.com for information culled from Kalyani Bai’s interview by Shishir Krishna Sharma ji )


Song-Ek geet sunaana hai hamen ek geet sunaana hai (Zameen Aasmaan)(1946) Singers-Kalyani Das, Jagmohan Sursagar, Lyrics- Faiyaz Hashmi, MD- Kamal Dasgupta
Both

Lyrics

Ek geet sunaana hai hamen
ek geet sunaana hai
Ek geet sunaana hai hamen
ek geet sunaana hai
rone waalon ko hansaana hai
duniya ko swarg banaana hai
hamen naach naach ke gaana hai
hamen jhoom jhoom ke gaana hai
hamen naach naach ke
jhoom jhoom ke
gaana hai ae ae
ek geet sunaana hai hamen
ek geet sunaana hai

aansoo bhi hansi ban sakte rhain
haan aan aan aan
aan aan aan aan aan
kaanten bhi kali ban sakte hain

haan aan aan aan
aan aan aan aan aan
aansoo bhi hansi ban sakte hain
kaanten bhi kali ban sakte hain
ye kar ke hamen dikhaana hai
ye kar ke hamen dikhaana hai

hamen naach naach ke gaana hai
hamen jhoom jhoom ke gaana hai
hamen naach naach ke
jhoom jhoom ke
gaana hai ae ae
ek geet sunaana hai hamen
ek geet sunaana hai

thhirak thhirak kar jaise baati
aanchal bhar bhar jyot lutaati
ee ee
waise hi

auron ke liye jal jaana hai
jal jaana hai

hamen naach naach ke gaana hai
hamen jhoom jhoom ke gaana hai
hamen naach naach ke
jhoom jhoom ke
gaana hai ae ae
ek geet sunaana hai hamen
ek geet sunaana hai

ab na rahen ye sapne adhoore ae ae ae
ye geet hamen kar denge poore
ae ae ae

jo khoya hai so paana hai
paana hai ae ae
jo khoya hai so paana hai

hamen naach naach ke gaana hai
hamen jhoom jhoom ke gaana hai
hamen naach naach ke
jhoom jhoom ke
gaana hai ae ae
ek geet sunaana hai hamen
ek geet sunaana hai


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3890 Post No. : 14922

Today’s song is from film Arab ka Sitara-1946. Produced and directed by Nanubhai Vakil, under his own banner- Roshan Pictures, it was a costume drama film,eulogising the greatness of Islam and how sincere 5-time Namaz pleases Allah- the Supreme power.The 10 songs of the film were written by Shevan Rizvi and were composed by the One Film Music Director S Qureshi.

Sometimes I wonder, there was a time when this film industry was thickly populated with Muslim artistes in every field-acting, production,direction or composing music…still there were really not many films on Muslim backgrounds made. There is a sizable and rapidly growing portion of Muslim population in India, still,if you count films based on Muslim issues or Muslim backgrounds,they may not account for more than 1 to 2 % of the total film production.

It is not only the Muslim films, but films on other minorities like Christians,Parsis, Jains,Budhists, Sikhs too are not much represented in our films. It is very sad that such films are not made, though the figures and history tells us that such films were quite successful at the Box Office.

Muslim films are in Two categories. One, films made on Historical Muslim characters like Akbar, babar, Humayun, Shahjehan, Jehangir, Razia Sultan, etc etc and the Second group is that of Muslim society. Just for the sake of curiosity, I scanned the 5 volumes of HFGK and wrote down names of films made on Muslim subjects-both types. To my surprise,I could not go beyond even 50 films-from 1931 to 1980 !, Granting that I must have made a mistake in counting and identifying,since I do not know the story lines of every film, still the number will not go beyond 70-80 films, despite ruthless stretching !

The point I want to make here is that not many Muslim social movies are made in India ,over the years. One of the earliest such a film was Najma-43,I think. One very very explosive Muslim social film,made by Director Mehboob was “Elan” in 1947. Munawar Sultana was the lead actress in it. Before starting the shooting, Mehboob called her and said,” You have heard the story,it is a very very hot story.I guess there will be a lot of opposition from our fundamentalist people. You may have to face their ire. may be you will be attacked or thrown out of the society. But remember,I am doing this film,because I want our people to improve on par with others. If you want,you can reject the film even now. Think and tell me before we start shooting. “Munawar Sultana quickly said,”There is no need to think. I want to do this film. I am not afraid of anyone. I have full faith in you.” After release,the film did evoke violent reactions from a section of the Muslim society but it subsided slowly. Before Partition, Fazli brothers were known to make Muslim social films.

Some other Muslim socials I remember are Zeenat,Dil hi to hai,Bahu begum,Dastak,Garm hava,Bazar,Anjuman,Naseem, the Triology by Khalid Mohammed-Mammo-Sardari begum and Zubeida, Fiza,Junoon,Benazir,Gazal,Chhote nawab.Then there were Barsaat ki raat,Nikah,Shatranj,mehboob ki Mehendi,Umrao Jaan,Paakiza,Mere mehboob,Chaudhavi ka chaand,Anwar, My name is Khan,Bombay etc. Surely,there must be many more than what I have mentioned. I am not counting Historical films as they are not socials.

Being from Hyderabad, when it was a Nizam ruled state, I had a closer view of Muslim culture and even had some close Muslim friends in school and college. Though my early education in the 40s was in Urdu, over a period, I have lost the touch with Urdu- may be due to ‘ atrophy of disuse’ !
When I learnt that one of my friends, Shri P Kamalakar aka Kamlakar Pasupuleti, has written a book on Muslim films, I was very eager to have a copy. Last week I got my copy of his book ” Forgotten movies on Muslim Culture 1933-1947 “.

The book is an authentic chronicle of 30 films made on Muslim culture- social, historical and costume dramas based on imaginary events and stories. Kamlakar ji is an Urdu Scholar and had a superb enviable collection of film materials in Urdu, which he collected during his early life in Hyderabad. Now, he has been settled in US for a very long time. He has earlier published 2 books, based on this material, which are real Gems for students of old films, like me.

This new book too is exclusively based on documents like film booklets, reviews and News items in papers, books etc, all in Urdu. All this makes the book very well documented and authentic too. This is a treasure trove of early Indian movies, fit to be preserved for posterity. The original Urdu material is also given in the book.

Today I have selected a song from one of the films discussed in this book,namely, Arab ka sitara-46. Though the book’s title says 1933 to 1947, only one film of 1947 (Mulaqat-47) features in this book. As far as my information goes, films like Abida, Dard, Ek Roz, Elaan, Gul e Bakavli, Hatimtai, Kasam and Mirza Sahiban, all made in 1947, were also with Muslim culture background. These films do not feature in this book. One reason could be that due to Partition-pre and post activities, most films, passed by Censors in 1947 could not be released in 1947 itself for obvious reasons. Obviously, there were no reviews, articles or comments etc on these films in the newspapers. All these films got released in 1948 and thus are not included in this book. Of course, this is my surmise, based on facts.

I know for sure that the most famous and daring Muslim culture film ” Elaan” was censored in 1947 on 11-3-1947 ( certificate no. 35351) but was actually released only on 20-2-1948 in Super Cinema, Bombay. I thank Harish Raghuwanshi ji to confirm my surmise by facts, within lightning time, after my query today itself.

In any case, the book is not without errors. No book is without errors-in this subject- including my own book also. This is because, history and facts get updated every now and then, with newer evidence coming to light through many sources.

Film Arab ka sitara-46 was directed by Nanubhai Vakil. He was the fittest person for such type of B and C grade costume dramas- in which he specialised. It is no surprise that in his 20 Silent and 70 Talkie films just ONE film was a social film-Kya yeh Bambai hai-1959.

Nanubhai Vakil was born in Valsad in Gujarat in the year 1904. In his family there were many Advocates including his father,so their family name itself became Vakil, instead of their original surname Desai. Nanubhai came to Bombay to study Law. He completed his B.A. LL.B from Wilson College, Bombay but he did not join his family profession. Instead he was attracted towards the film world.

He joined Sharada films as a screenplay writer and later joined Ranjit films as a Director. He directed 18 silent films for Ranjit studios. However, it was Sagar Movietone which gave him the first opportunity to direct his first Talkie film. It was the First Gujarati Talkie film, “Narsimh Mehto” in 1932. After this there was no looking back. He opted for and became an expert in directing only Fantasy,Stunt and Costume films.

In his career from 1929 to 1973 period,he directed 20 silent and 70 Talkie films -all stunt and fantasy films, except one social film Kya yeh Bambai hai in 1959.

He was associated with Mohan pictures for a long time and directed 18 films for this company. During this period he also married his Heroine Sarojini ( real name Roshan Jehan alias Ranee). They had one daughter-AZRA, who too became an actress. Sarojini was actress Indurani’s elder sister.

Unlike most of his colleagues ,who had no formal school education ,Mr Vakil was highly educated ,being B.A.L.L.B. in those days.Since beginning,he was attracted to Fantasy & Arabian Night movies.He believed that,the audience visits the cinema hall, to experience some thing,which he has not seen in his real life. He wants to be entertained & to forget the harsh realities of the outer world. Fantasy/ Costume movies transports him to an imaginary world of King & Queens, where beside the crafty Vazir, he finds gorgeous girls dancing, the handsome,manly & brave hero,rescues the pretty damsel from the clutches of evil magician. The movie comes to an end and the viewers come out from the theater,happy & satisfied, since evil doers have been eliminated & brave man living happily with the petite gal, in their fairy land.

Bulbul E Bagh,Rashk E Laila, Fakhr E Islam, Gulshan E Alam, Kumud Kumari were his earlier movies. In 50s & 60s,few of his movies were,Shan E Hatim, Khul Ja Sim Sim, ShanE Khuda, Idd Ka Chand, Noor Mahal, Flying Rani, Alam Ara Ki Beti, Bansri Bala, Hatim Tai Ka Beta etc.He made remakes of many movies like Lal E Yaman, Alam Ara (Twice in 1956 & !973) & Hatim Tai Ki Beti in 1940 & 1955.During his five decades long career,he made movies with in a small budget ,with less paid actors. Nanu Bhai Vakil had two productions Companies viz Desai Films & Vakil Production. All his movies had no connect with the present. Elite & pseudo intellectuals avoided to even discuss his movies, but Vakil Sahab had a dedicated audience consisting of common public,less privileged & so called front benchers,who enjoyed his brand of cinema.

His films included less known stars like Sarojini, Navin chandra, Rafiq, Prakash, Gulnar, Daljit, Chitra etc. He also worked with Zubeida, Yakub, Jal Merchant,Jaddanbai,Shanta Hublikar, Nimmi, Veena, Jairaj, Shakila,Nirupa Roy, Nadira, Mehmood, Shobhana Samarth, Nirmala,her husband Arun Ahuja etc. His MDs were also little known. However, Music Director A.R.Qureshi ( the famous Tabla Nawaz Alla Rakha-father of Zakir Hussain) gave music to his 18 films.
He never mixed with film folks and spent his life aloof. He quietly died on 29-12-1980 at Bombay.

The story of film Arab ka Sitara-46 ( as given in the book) was…….

Anwar is a devout Muslim following 5 times Namaz, without fail. From a common soldier, he becomes Commander in Chief and then the king of his state. He is advised by his Vazier to go to neighbouring country to spread Islam. Accordingly, Anwar reaches that kingdom. Here he falls in love with the Princess Arifa. In his love she converts to Islam. When the king comes to know this, he arrests Arifa and Anwar. When Anwar is tortured for days, he exhibits his immense faith on Islam and The Allah. The king is impressed and he too coverts to Islam. Arifa and Anwar are married. Anwar forgets his 5 times Namaz in his joy and is punished immediately.

The Prime Minister rebels and with an army to support him, arrests Anwar, Arifa and the King. In the jail, Anwar starts his 5 times Namaz. A good hearted Namazi frees them. Anwar realises his mistakes and all of them strictly follow 5 times Namaz. All obstacles are removed, the rebels run away from the kingdom. The King is reinstated and all the kingdom is converted to Islam, thus Anwar proves the power of Namaz.

The cast of the film was Amirbai Karnataki, Prakash, Cuckoo, Rafiq, Ansari, Agha Shapoor etc etc. The song is sung by Rafi and Amirbai Karnataki with gusto and it had become quite popular among the Muslims in that period.


Song-Macha di dhoom duniya mein Islaam ke deewanon ne (Arab Ka Sitaara)(1946) Singer-Rafi, Lyrics-Shewan Rizvi, MD-S Qureshy
Rafi + Amirbai Karnataki

Lyrics

Macha di dhoom duniya mein
Macha di dhoom duniya mein
islaam ke deewaanon ne
Macha di dhoom duniya mein
islaam ke deewaanon ne
Macha di dhoom duniya mein

haan aan aan aan
mita ke kufr ki hasti
ee ee ee ee ee
basa ke ae
jalwon ki basti
ee ee ee
haan aan aan aan
mita ke kufr ki hasti
ee ee
basa ke ae
jalwon ki basti
ee ee ee ee ee ee
jala di noor ki shama
jala di noor ki shama
tauheed ke parwaanon ne
jala di noor ki shama
tauheed ke parwaanon ne
Macha di dhoom duniya mein
islaam ke deewaano ne
Macha di dhoom duniya mein

haan aan aan aan
jhanda ye sabz rang ka
aa aa aa aa
bajta hai jiska danka
aa aa aa
jhanda ye sabz rang ka
bajta hai jiska danka
aawaaz sun ke jiski
dhun sabko laagi rab ki
aawaaz sunke jiski
dhun sabko laagi rab ki
aawaaz sunke jiski
dhun sabko laagi rab ki
padha kalma Muhammad ka
padha kalma Muhammad ka
insaanon ne be-deenon ne
padha kalma Muhammad ka
insaanon ne be-deenon ne
macha di dhoom duniya mein
islaam ke deewaanon ne
macha di dhoom duniya mein

haan aan aan aan aan
zameen pe jab hua gul
la ilaaha il lallah
sitaaron se jawaab aaya
Muhammad ya rasool allah
kya
macha di dhoom duniya mein
macha di dhoom duniya mein
islaam ke deewaanon ne
islaam ke deewaanon ne
islaam ke deewaanon ne
macha di dhoom duniya mein
islaam ke deewaanon ne
macha di dhoom duniya mein


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3861 Post No. : 14876 Movie Count :

4067

Today’s song is from film Toofan Queen-46. From the title itself, it is clear that this was a C grade Action/Stunt film. This is confirmed once you see its cast comprising of Fearless Nadia, Prakash, Shanta Patel, Anant Prabhu, Shyamsunder, Agha Shapur, Vijay Kumar and Motor cycle ” Champion”.

In Nadia’s films, not only the human characters had names but even her animal helpers and Auto machines had special names. As long as she was in Wadia Movietone, till 1942, she had Punjab ka beta (Horse), Gunboat (Dog), and Austin ki beti ( a jalopy). After she joined Homi Wadia’s Basant Pictures, she had Rajpoot (Horse), Moti (Dog) and Austin ki bachhi (a jalopy). In addition, whenever required, she used a Motor cycle called ” Champion” !

Stunt films was one of my favourite Genres in my younger days. Now of course, this genre does not exist anymore. The action and stunt part of the film is entrusted to the Special effects Team- deleting the need of stunt actors. The Hero of the film himself does most of the stunts and fighting, even in a social film, so the stuntmen and fighters have hardly any job now to justify a complete Stunt film. Actually the line between social and action, social and musical and social, comedy, horror, historical and stunt film is no more visible !

From the days of silent films till about the middle of the 50s, stunt type of films were being made. In early cinema, Shankar rao Vazre, Ganpat Bakre, Yeshwant Dave and Master Vithal were the popular ” Maar peet” film Heroes. Later on, Fearless Nadia took over the reigns and the Genre concluded with films made by Bhagwan dada.

Music in stunt films had insignificant value or importance, so there were no specialised composers in this field. Since stunt films were made generally on shoe-string budgets, any composer, who settles for minimum fees would be selected. Therefore one would see strange unknown composers like Dilip Chand Vedi, Master Dinkar, Brijlal, Mushtaq Ahmed, Sunder das, Master Mohammed, Mohd. Hussain, M.Chhaila, Ram Hira,H.R.Bhalla, Master manzoor, Motilal, G.A.Khan, Amir hussain Khan, Kanhaiya Pawar, Vinod Ganguli, S.N.Manjrekar, Kikubhai Yagnik, Abdul karim khan etc etc.

Some of the composers, who made a name later on in film industry, actually started their careers from stunt, action and Mythological films . One such prominent name was that of CHITRAGUPTA ( SHRIVASTAV ), who gave music to film Toofan Queen-46, our today’s film.

Chitragupta Shrivastav (16-11-1917 to 14-1-1991) was born, brought up and educated in Bihar. He was perhaps the most educated composer of his times. He had done M.A. in Economics from Patna University and also taught for few years. He came to Bombay in 1945 and having learnt classical music wanted to become a composer. He started as an assistant to S N Tripathi. His first break came in 1946 with ” Lady Robin hood”. Initially he got only stunt and devotional films to do. In 1955, Dada Burman recommended him to AVM for “Shiv Bhakta “. This was a landmark film for Chitragupta, because he used Lata for the First time. Later Lata and Chitragupta had very good relations,till the end.

Actually Chitragupta should be counted as No 1 composer who gave very melodious songs to Lata, but this is forgotten, because like Madan Mohan, Roshan,S-J, C.Ramchandra or S D Burman, he never got big banner films ( at least not very often), which became a reason to discuss only their Lata songs frequently. Chitragupta always got mostly B and C grade films,which were not famous,but he was in no way less capable of composing good tunes for Lata.

Chitragupta was a very homely family man with a middle class mentality. He had a fun group comprising of Lata, Usha, Meena, Dilip Dholakiya, Prem Dhawan and Chitragupta. They used to have lot of fun at the home of Chitragupta. Lata liked their food very much. Chitragupta Shrivastav was a Kayastha ( ” Lalaji ” as they are called in Bihar ) and their Non veg food was excellent.

In the late 80s, I came in personal contact with Chitragupta,when my close friend’s daughter married his elder son. When Chitragupta learned that I liked ” Sattu ki poori ” very much, he called me to his house and we ate Sattu Puris and Alloo Sabji, to our heart’s content !

His house in Prabhat building on Khar Road,Bombay had a Music room on the ground floor,where he composed his most tunes during 1959 to 1990. During the early 60s upto 65,he was so busy with work that-according to his son Anand- at one time 4 Lyricists were writing Lyrics in his home,Anand Bakshi in Garden,Majrooh in a room,Rajendra krishna in the Music room and Prem Dhawan under a palm tree and Chitragupta used to visit one by one to see their progress !!

Chitragupta was such a simple person that when S-J demanded 5 Lakhs per film,he hesitated to ask for 50000 !

He remained a typical Gentleman till the end. He was expert in using Bihari folk tunes in his songs. He became the First MD of the First Bhojpuri film ” Ganga maiyya tori piyri chadhaibo’-1962. His main singers remained Lata, Rafi and Mukesh.

As far as singing songs is concerned, it was his hobby. He must have sung about 30 odd songs in 16 films in his career. Most songs were for S N Tripathi,who was his Guru in film Music. He gave music to 149 films, composing 1036 songs. His last film was Shivganga-1989.

Film Toofan Queen-46 was a stunt film, featuring Fearless Nadia, prakash etc etc. A lot has been written on Nadia here and on the Internet. I too have written about Nadia, especially, how I was able to meet her in Bombay during early 80s, in one of my earlier articles. So, today we will know more about the Hero Prakash.

The real name of actor Prakash was Hashmat Ullah Khan. He was born in 1914 at Gwalior, where his father was a businessman.The family was originally a Punjabi Muslim. Hashmat studied somehow upto Inter arts and left the college. He was an overactive child , interested in acting in films. Hashmat ran away to Bombay and worked in Sagar Movietone. He got a small uncredited role in film Village Girl-1936. Not satisfied with this, he travelled to Calcutta.

In Calcutta, Hashmat worked in 3 films-Taqdeer ka teer aka Premlakshya-36,Hawai Daku aka Bandit of the Air-36 ( this was the first film of K N Singh as a Hero. Mazhar Khan was the villain here) and Dangerous woman aka Khatarnak Aurat-38. He also got a miniscule role in New Theatre’s film Abhagin-38. Not getting what he aspired, Hashmat shifted to Delhi and worked in A.I.R. as a singer. True to his nature within two years he left this job and landed in Bombay again.

It is reported that he was very arrogant, untrustworthy and a cheat of first rate. It seems he was quarrelsome, a liar and short tempered. His experiences,perhaps, taught him a lesson and he decided to change himself and concentrate on work seriously. This did good to him in his life. In Bombay first he worked in Garib ki ladki-40, but the film got delayed and was released in 41 only. Meanwhile he did Rani saheba-40 and Pyar-40 also. This time his career took a good turn. Till film Garib ki ladki-40, he used his name Hashmat for credits, but then he took a new name Prakash thereafter till the end.

A changed actor Prakash became acceptable to the industry and films were on his way. In all Prakash did 5 films as Hashmat and 38 films as Prakash. However, he got only action, stunt and C grade films. Once director W Z Ahmed met him and Prakash went to Shalimar Pictures Poona to do 3 films for them, namely Ek Raat-42, Prem Sangeet-43 and Mann ki Jeet-44. He was also a favourite of Master Bhagwan and appeared in many of his stunt films. The year 1946 proved to be the best year for Prakash, because he did 14 films in 1946.

After Partition he migrated to Pakistan and did few films there. He came back to India and did 3 films in the 60s. His last film was Suhag Raat -68. There is no information about him after that. May be he went back to Pakistan or died, we do not know.

Now enjoy today’s song. It is very melodious. I consider Chitragupta as the King of melodious songs. His song is always a guarantee of melody, a good tune and suitable musical accompaniment. Too sad, he was not recognised for his abilities by the industry and he always remained in the ‘B’ team of composers. Nevertheless, one should learn from him, how to be happy and contented with whatever one gets from Destiny !


Song-Tan pinjre mein mann ka panchhi chahak chak kar boley (Toofaan Queen)(1946) Singer- Raajkumari Dubey, Lyrics- Shyam Hindi, MD- Chitragupta

Lyrics

Tan pinjre mein mann ka panchhi
chahak chahak kar boley
jiyara doley
doley
tan pinjre mein mann ka panchhi
chahak chahak kar bole
jiyara doley
doley

chhup ke dwaar
umangon ke koi
dheere dheere kholey
jiyara doley
doley
chhup ke dwaar
umangon ke koi
dheere dheere kholey
jiyara doley
doley

jinse naina lage hamaare
bade raseele bhole bhaale
jinse naina lage hamaare
bade raseele bhole bhaale
jinki soorat basi jiya mein
wo sapnon mein aane waale
jinki soorat basi jiya mein
wo sapnon mein aane waale
jinki ?? jhoom jhoom main
paaon ke ?? khole
jiyara doley
doley
tan pinjre mein mann ka panchhi
chahak chahak kar bole
jiyara doley
doley

jo mere man ke aangan mein
kehte hain nit prem kahaani
jo mere man ke aangan mein
kehte hain nit prem kahaani
wo hain mere man ke raaja
main bani unki deewaani
wo hain mere man ke raaja
main bani unki deewaani
madhur madhur jinki baani
kaanon mein amrit ghole
jiyara doley
doley
tan pinjre mein mann ka panchhi
chahak chahak kar bole
jiyara doley
doley


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3838 Post No. : 14847

Today’s song is from a Mythological film Dev Kanya-46. The film was made by Vishnu Cinetone and was directed by its owner Dhirubhai Desai. Though there were 3 Lyricists, HFGK does not credit any song to any Lyricist. The melodious songs were composed by my favourite-or one of the favourites- MD Shyam Sundar (Gabba).

When I was a child, I was very fond of seeing Religious and Mythological movies. This was not because I was very religious minded, but because I liked the Trick scenes in these films. When I grew a little older, I was appointed the House Escort to a group of old relatives and women of the family whenever they wanted to see a movie- which was reasonably frequent. I would happily lead them as I too could see the film.

At that time I liked lilting, melodious songs, but not songs based on classical ragas. The reasons were, one- I never understood why the classical singers repeated one line several times and two- such singers’ names were obscure to me. It was only when I grew up as a young man ( sigh! That was a real long time ago ! ) I realised how classical music was India’s Heritage and in film songs they were made short and sweet too.

India has produced many Classical singers of repute. There are various Gharanas( styles) of Music and each had famous singers who created equally capable Shishyas (disciples) to maintain Gharana’s individuality. Before the advent of Talkie films and the spread of Film music, the classical music ruled the entertainment field. Many kings,Maharajas and Nawabs were the connoisseurs and patrons of classical music and supported this by appointing Raj Gayaks or Darbar Gayaks..

Over a period, Kings and Nawabs disappeared and Film music became popular with the common people. There was an unwritten dividing line between classical and Filmy music.Normally,no cross-overs were taking place, unless situations compelled. However, post Independence and the end of Royal patronage, classical music was relegated to background and only genuine lovers followed it. No wonder, the lure of lucrative film music attracted even the staunch classical maestros and we had many classical music experts-both Vocal and Instrumental, do a stint with the Film world.

Great Vocalists like M S Subbulaxmi, D V Paluskar, Bade Ghulam Ali Khan, Amir Khan, Bhimsen Joshi, Hirabai Badodekar, Manik Verma, Saraswati Rane, Shobha Gurtu etc, as well as Internationally famous classical Instrumentalists like Pt. Ravi Shankar, Bismilla Khan, Ali Akbar Khan, A R Qureshi etc made their Debuts in Hindi Film Music.Their participation enriched the HFM considerably. However, there were some staunch classical vocalists like Gangubai Hangal, Mogubai Krdikar, Kesarbai Kerkar etc, who, I believe, kept themselves away from films, though later on, their disciples did few film assignments.
I am not a classical music expert but from what I have read and understood, this was the situation. More knowledgeable readers can add their views as comments.

Today’s song is also sung by a classical singer who happens to be my favourite one- the great Saraswati Mane / Rane, under the baton of another great musician, Shyam Sundar. In the 40s and the 50s, the scions of Mane family, namely Sureshbabu Mane, Hirabai Badodekar and Sarswati Rane gave their contribution to the Hindi film music as well as Marathi Natyageet, Bhavgeet and cinema music.

Smt. Saraswati Mane/Rane alias Sakina [Chhotutai] was born in Miraj (4th October 1916). Sakina was the youngest daughter of the legendary maestro of the Kirana gharana, Ustad Abdul Karim Khan Sahib and Smt. Tarabai Mane. After separating from Karim Khan, Tarabai renamed all her children and Sakina became Kumari Saraswati Mane. The surname “Mane” was derived from her mother’s surname.Thus, Abdul Rehman became Sureshbabu mane, Krishna became Krishnarao Mane, Champakali became Hirabai Badodekar,Gulab became Kamalabai Badodekar. Krishnarao and Kamalabai were not singers. They only acted in films.

Saraswati was initiated into music by her illustrious brother Sureshbabu Mane. After about 1930, she also learnt from from her sister Smt. Hirabai Barodekar, Ustad Nathan Khan(1889-1946) of the Jaipur gharana and Prof. B. R. Deodhar of the Gwalior gharana.Working on stage in her mother’s ‘Nutan Sangeet Natak Mandali’, with luminaries like Bal Gandharva, Master Krishnarao, Vinayakbuwa Patwardhan, Sawai Gandharva and also stage drama singingThusThus like ‘Soubhadra’, ‘Sanchaya Kollol’ and ‘Ekacha Pyala’ brought her fame. Between 1929 and 1933 she cut several discs with the ‘Odeon’ label under the name of Kumari Saraswati Mane, rendering Hindi Bhajans and Marathi Bhavgeet.

In the meantime, she married Mr. Sunderrao Rane. In the early 1940’s, she made recordings as a playback singer for movies such as ‘Paisa Bolto Aahe’ (Marathi, 1943). She also acted in a Marathi film ‘Savitri’, and later took to playback singing for Marathi and Hindi films. She provided playback to over 50 films. She sang in almost all the films produced by Acharya P. K. Atre. Her song ‘Beena madhur madhur vacha bol’ in raga Bhimpalas from the Hindi/Marathi film ‘Ram Rajya’ (Prakash Films) was most popular. Her songs were heard all over North India. Younger listeners will probably remember her rendering Raga Shudh Kalyan with her grand daughter Shrimati Meena Faterpekar in the film ‘Bhumika’, directed by the renowned director Shyam Benegal.

Saraswati Rane cut over 200 songs on 78 rpm discs consisting of classical, light classical and film songs. She was probably one of the pioneering female playback singers of the Hindi film industry.

However, in order to concentrate on the performance of Hindustani classical music, at one point in time she virtually stopped accepting offers for playback singing. By then, she was a regular performer for All India Radio, and had also made several gramophone records with ‘Odeon’, ‘His Master’s Voice’, ‘Columbia’, and ‘Young India’ records, apart from her countrywide concert tours. Her renderings of Ragas Chandrakauns, Basant Bahar, Yaman and the immortal Marathi numbers ‘Ghanashyam Nayani Aalaa’, ‘Jaa Ghevuni Sandesh Pakhara’, the duets with her sister Hirabai Barodekar remain ever-popular. She also had the honour of singing the Maharashtra Geet on the very first Maharashtra Day, the 1st of May, along with her sister. She has also recorded a LP record of duet with her sister Heerabai Barodekar in 1960. She received several awards including the prestigious ITC Award 2006, presented at the ITC Sangeet Sammelan in Delhi.

She was very active in music circles and used to attend music programs and functions. She attended the Hirabai Barodekar birth centenary program at Sharada Sangeet Vidyalaya, Bandra in May 2006. She participated in this function and sang raga Todi. Smt. Saraswatibai Rane, the last living member of Ustad Abdul Karim Khan’s family passed away at Pune on Tuesday October 10, 2006.

If you see the cast of this film, you will see name of Leela Desai, Leela Chitnis, Ulhas, Wasti, Indira, Jillobai, Samson etc. Having two Leelas in one film was a coincidence, but having artistes of same name is a big problem for students of Hindi Film History. There were several Leelas operating at the same time in Hindi films, like Leela Desai, Miss Leela (Chandragiri/Pendharkar), Leela Gupte ( stunt film specialist), and Leela Mishra ( the eternal Leela mausi).

Leela Desai was the daughter of Dr. Umedbhai Desai-a Gujarati and his second wife Satyabala Devi- a Bengali from Bihar, who was a prominent singer of the 1930s. She was born in America, where her parents had gone for a 3 year trip. She grew up in India. She learnt dancing from Amla Devi-who married Uday shanker, Lachhu Maharaj and Sohan lal. She also learnt music in Morris College , Lucknow. Actress kamala Kumari of New Theatres had also learnt from here. In one of her stage performances in Lucknow, NT’s Director Hem Chander saw her and invited her to Calcutta for working in films.

She worked in the film President-37 as sister of Kamlesh Kumari,opposite Saigal. It was followed by Vidyapati-37, Dushman-38, Kapal Kundala-39 and Nartaki-40. She also did Adarsh Mahila-37 with Ideal Film company. Chimanlal Trivedi brought her to Bombay to act opposite Jairaj in film Tamanna-42. She acted in 5 films of Chimanlal Trivedi. After Tamanna, LeelaDesai acted in films like Sharafat-43, Paraya Dhan-43, Nagad Narayan-43, Inkaar-43, Mujrim-44, Miss Devi-44, Kaliyan-44, Meghdoot-45,Maharani Minal Devi-46, Magadhraj-46,Kamla-46, Dev kanya-46, Soorat-47 and last film Geet Govind-47.

She acted opposite leading actors like K L Saigal, Najmul Hasan, Jairaj, Pahadi Sanyal, Surendra, Chandra Mohan, Khalil, Baburao pendharkar etc etc. She worked under top directors like Debki Bose, Nitin Bose, kidar Sharma, Phani mujumdar and others. her sisters Monica Desai ( who married Phani Mujumdar) and Ramola were also in films. In a span of just 10 years, Leela Desai acted in 21 films and then left films. She settled in Darjeeling with her mother. Baburao Patel said this about Leela Desai….

“What shall be said of Leela Desai, who acted the part of the President’s sister, the mischievous school-girl, and who always took the active part in the love-making between her and Prakash Babu (Saigal)? I cannot find a single fault with her acting. She played up to Saigal splendidly. Even her eyes were most expressive. What naughtiness was in them? As a shameless hussy she could give points to any of your Hollywood actresses–and win. In the love-duet between her and Saigal it was she who always led. She was the personification of Mr. Bernerd Shaw’s pet notion that, in this eternal amorous game, it is the woman who leads the man on and not, as is commonly supposed, the other way about. From the moment she jumped down her school garden-wall and almost fell plump into the arms of Prakash Babu, who was sitting below chewing the end of his reflections anent his dismissal from his job, she never, in a manner of speaking, left him to himself. She would bring down the house with her: “Uske bad kya hua, Prakash Babu?” The poor man had to dance to her measure ever afterwards. When she found herself with him alone she gave us the impression of having fed on honey-dew and on the milk of paradise. Then, in addition to her sparkling dialogue and supremely ‘alive’ acting, she was gorgeous in her dancing performance. Her whole face was a mirror in which her thoughts were reflected. She was an imp of mischief from commencement to conclusion.”

As the time passes by, New becomes old and the old becomes older. New Generations do not know much about old films, actors etc. Actually Old Film is a relative term. A Teenager thinks, films of 70s and 80s are old stuff, Middle agers feel that films of 50 and 60s are old films and the old people feel old films means films of the 30s and 40s. For older generations, the old times are still fresh in their minds. Articles on old films and old actors revive their memories and they feel Nostalgic. Not everything that they enjoyed can be revived, but my attempts are to bring to light information about forgotten artistes of the bygone era, old time films and the people connected with them.

As time flows, Heroes become character artistes and then they fade out. There are hundreds of old time actors about whom absolutely no information is available. Intense search sometimes yields some results and one feels at peace with whatever is available. One such actor is Ulhas. For many years nothing was known about him except names of his films from HFGK. Over a period a little more about him came to light. Now we know that his real name was M.N.Kaul and that he was a Kashmiri Pandit. He worked in 155 films. Recently I found the following note on Ulhas in ‘ Chinar Shade’ Blog..

He was known as ULHAAS and his real name was M N Kaul.He belonged to a kashmiri Pandit family from Ajmer. As a young boy, he moved to Poona in 1937 and joined Prabhat Pictures as an actor. His first movie as an actor was ” Wahan “.He worked with stalwarts like A R Kardar and Sohrab Modi.

Chander Mohan Wattal , another actor of 1930s and 1940s helped him a lot to settle in films .In fact he intervened and requested V Shantaram for his role in “WAHAN”. Ulhaas remained loyal to Chander Mohan wattal for this favour till later’s death in 1949.

When Bombay Talkies decided to start their New film BASANT, Ulhaas and Mumtaz Shanti were signed as lead pair.Again in the movie PARBAT pE APNAA DERA , he was signed as hero.

Thereafter , he started doing charactet roles. He played memorable character roles in GUIDE , AMAR, AADMI, ,SHAMA PARVANA, SEHRA, ZIDDI, GOONJ UTHI SHEHNAAYI, RANI ROOPMATI, DAKKA KI MALMAL, SAMRAAT PRITHVI RAJ CHAUHAN, KUNDAN, HEER.MIRZA GHALIB ,JHANSI KI RAANI , NAI UMAR KI NAI FASAL,SANGARSH , PREM PUJAARI, BADI DEEDI, DO AANKHEIN BAARAH HAATH, AMAR AND JOHAR MEHMOOD IN GOA .

In his 38 years of career, he acted in many hit movies. His last movie was Sawaal (1982).

The story of film Dev kanya-46 is…….

Beautiful Madalasa is the daughter of gandharvaraj of Gandharva Lok. Once she comes to Earth to enjoy its beauty. She meets Kumar Ritudhwaja, son of Samrat Shatrujit. They fall in love. Meanwhile the king of Pataal lok, Pataal Ketu sees her and abducts her to his Lok. Ritudhwaj comes to know this and goes to rescue her. In a battle ,he kills Pataal Ketu and marries Madalsa, with Narad Muni’s help. But the slain head of Pataal Ketu goes to his brother Taal Ketu and asks him to take revenge. Now Taal ketu abducts Madalasa. Kumar Ritudhwaja fights with him and kills him too. All is well now.

Let us now listen to the song by Saraswati Rane. Her song in film Ramrajya-43, Shobha-42 and Sargam-50 are my favourites. She sang only 26 film songs in 11 films.


Song-Main preetam ke gun gaaun (Dev Kanya)(1946) Singer-Saraswati Rane, MD-Shyam Sundar

Lyrics

Main preetam ke
main preetam ke
main preetam ke gun gaaun re
main preetam ke gun gaaun
pyaase ?? ki in ankhiyan ke
pyaase ?? ki in ankhiyan ke
nahin kabhi bhi jaati
nahin kabhi bhi jaati
khil khil badhti hi jaati hai
khil khil badhti hi jaati hai
jyon jyon darshan paati
jyon jyon darshan paati
maala japoon main naam ki unke ae ae
maala japoon main naam ki unke
charanan pe bali jaaun re
main charanan pe bali jaaun re
main preetam ke gun gaaun re
main preetam ke gun gaaun

unke hansne se khil jaati
jeewan ki phulwaadi
unke hansne se khil jaati
jeewan ki phulwaadi
unke charan kamal ki pooja se
unke charan kamal ki pooja se
pooja se hai mukti hamaari
man mandir ke devta
?? devta
aa aaa
sada unhin ko rijhaaun re
main sada unhin ko rijhaaun re
main preetam ke gun gaaun re
main preetam ke gun gaaun re
main


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has over 15200 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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