Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘1946


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5047 Post No. : 16959

Today’s song is from the film Door Chalen-1946.

Since the time Talkie films arrived in India in the form of Aalam Ara-1931, the enthusiastic film industry, with a pushover from the silent era to the Talkie era, was busy in discovering itself. It was improving in every field as the years passed by. In the first 5-6 years the industry was desperately trying to be free from the clutches of stage music, drama style acting and contents of the films made.

By 1937-38 all these 3 ghosts from the past had been thrown off. Music directors like Anil Biswas, R.C.Boral, Saraswati Devi, Shankar rao Vyas, K C Dey, Pankaj Mullick etc successfully brought a turnaround change in film music from stage -type boring singing to folk tunes and independent experiments with instruments, tuning and the singers. With actors like Motilal, Ashok kumar, Shahu Modak, Kumar etc. the acting became natural and free from drama-type overacting. New directors like Shantaram,Debki Bose, Mehboob etc. tried new themes in films. Prabhat and New Theatres made films on actual events or famous novels and dramas, thus making films vibrant and interesting.

By 1942 or so, many enterprising filmmakers and directors,hitherto tied up with the existing studios, broke free to start their own studios and film production companies. Shantaram, Mehboob,S. Mukherjee, Kardar, Homi Wadia and few more dynamic film makers began a new chapter in the film industry. With talented filmmakers, competing with each other to make better films, they were improving the quality of films in terms of content, music and the presentation substantially.

By 1946 to 1950 old towers shook hard to crumble. The studio system almost disappeared. Film industry could now boast of people highly educated, talented and hard working. Even artistes with International experience and success like Dewan Sharar, Shakuntala Paranjpye, actor Ranjan, Balraj Sahni etc contributed to Indian films. The old horse of Calcutta-New Theatres broke down and actors, directors and Music specialists from Bengal made a Bee-Line to Bombay, thus making it the strongest ever film centre.

1946 was also an year of consolidation, in a sense that due to the iminent Partition of India on the basis of Religion, agreed upon by Gandhi-Nehru combine, made Muslim artistes and film makers plan to pack their bage and move over to the new Utopia across the border. Their vacancies were to be filled up by the waiting second line of actors,directors and MDs. The3 film industry was to have a complete new look within 1-2 years and the beginning was from 1946. Thus the year was very important.

The year 1946 was an year which saw many changes in the film industry. The II world war had just ended. Rationing and control on many items had created Black marketing. This made many people Millionaires. The extra income started getting invested in Film making. The increased cost of Raw Films made filmmaking 7 to 8 times costlier. A film which was made in about 1 Lakh rupees in 1940, needed 8 Lakhs now. Studio system was waning and artiste rates increased in Lakhs instead of thousands.

In 1945, only74 films were made. This number increased to 153 films in 1946. Further, in 1947, the film industry produced a record number of films – 181, but of course that was due to Partition. The quality of films was sacrificed at the cost of the quantity of films made in 1946. However, some quality films were made in 1946, indicating the changing face of filmmaking.

Film Dharati ke Lal-46 was made by IPTA people and it became the first film to be exhibited in Russia. Neecha Nagar-46 won the Grand Prix award in French Film Festival. Film Dr. Kotnis ki amar kahani-46 was dubbed in English as ‘ The journey of Dr. Kotnis’. It was shown in the USA and then in Venice Film Festival. Two musical films- Anmol Ghadi and Shahjahan were made in 1946.

Year 1946 also saw the Debut of several stars and artistes. In fact one can call 1946 as the ” Debut year” of Hindi film industry. See this….

Nirupa Roy debuted in film Amar Raaj-46

Geeta Bali debuted with a dance in film Badnaami-46

Geeta Roy sang her first film song in film Bhakta Prahlad-46

Balraj Sahni debuted in film Insaaf-46. It was a small role,though.

K A Abbas-Director, Pt.Ravi Shankar-MD, Balraj Sahni as Hero and Damayanti Sahni as Heroine made their Debut in film Dharati Ke Lal-46

Meena kapoor sang her first Hindi film song in film Eight Days-46

Sudhir Phadke debuted as MD in film Gokul-46

P L Santoshi as Director, Dev Anand, Rehman, Rehana and Kamla Kotnis debuted as actors in film Hum Ek Hai-46

Chitragupta did his first film as MD in Lady Robin Hood-46

Ram Ganguly became MD with film Maharana Pratap-46

Abhi Bhattacharya debuted in Hindi film Milan-46

Chetan Anand as Director, Uma Anand and Kamini kaushal as actresses debuted in film Neecha Nagar-46

Hansraj Behl debuted as MD with film Pujari-46

Madhubala(as Baby Mumtaz) sang her first song in film Pujari-46

Majrooh Sultanpuri wrote his first Hindi film song in film Shahjahan-46

S D Burman as MD and Kishore Kumar as an actor debuted with film Shikari-46

So, you will find the year 1946 was truly an year of change. The winds of Partition were already blowing and the second line of supplementary artistes was ready to replace the Migrators, after the Partition.

Film Door Chalen-46 was made by Durga Pictures. Director was Phani Mujumdar, MD was K C Dey and all songs were written by Sajjan Purohit(the actor Sajjan). The cast was Naseem Jr., Kamal Kapoor, Balraj Sahni, Damayanti Sahni, Agha, David, K C Dey etc.HFGK sometimes blindly gave the data. The lead actress is written as just Naseem. Since in those days Naseem Bano (mother of Saira Bano) was famous, everybody thought that she was the heroine of this film. Her Filmography includes Door Chalen-46 and Jeewan Swapna-46. The reality is, there was another actress Naseem junior and she had acted in these films.

Naseem Jr. or Miss Naseem Jr. or Naseem Lodhi was the younger sister of actress Shameem. She was born in Lahore on 8-2-1930. Her father had a shop and he was a General merchant. She was educated in Islamia Girls school, Bombay where she was staying with her actress sister Shameem. After Matriculation, she too wanted to become an actress. While in school she did many dramas. At the age of 13, she did an uncredited small role in the film Salma-43.

Her first major film was Jwar Bhata-44- also the first film of Dilip kumar and Mrudula. Her second film was Manorama-44. She acted in few more films Sanyasi-45, Zeenat-45, Door Chalen-46, Amar Raj-46, Jeewan Sapna-46 and Mera Geet-46.

She had a hot temperament and could not get along with co-stars and the Directors. Soon the offers diminished. Not having any income, she stayed with her sister Shamim. However, she fell ill and soon died on 17-11-1946.

She did only a few films, but it was enough to cause confusion. Her films Jeewan Swapna-46 and Door chalen-46 are generally credited to Naseem Sr.’s filmography.

Similarly, only Kamal is written in the Cast in HFGK. One can not make out if this Kamal is a male or female. In reality he was Kamal Kapoor, making his Debut in the film line as a hero. His snake-like eyes and fair skin made him look more like a KGB or Nazi baddie. Prithviraj Kapoor’s cousin, Kamal Kapoor, acted in over 600 films, spanning across three languages. He started off as a hero but with little success. From the Sixties onwards, Kapoor switched to playing a minor villain. His notable work includes Don, Gora aur Kaala, and, of course, Mard, where he played the evil General Dyer.
Born on 22th February 1920 in Lahore, Kamal Kapoor completed his education in Lahore. He started his career in 1944, with Prithvi Raj Kapoor, working in his theatre. Kamal Kapoor’s debut film was the 1946 release, ‘Door Chalein’. This movie, produced under the banner of Durga Pictures was directed by Phani Majumdar and the music composer was K.C.Dey while Kamal Kapoor and Naseem were the leading pair. Kamal Kapoor played Raj Kapoor’s father in ‘Aag’ (1948) which was also Raj Kapoor’s debut film as producer-director. Later he got numerous offers to play similar roles which he flatly refused to do.

Kamal Kapoor’s career as a villain started with the film “Johar Mehmood In Goa” which was released in 1965. This movie proved to be a big hit thus putting an end to the bad times for Kamal Kapoor. Soon he was flooded with work and was offered to play different characters in films like “Johar In Bombay”, “Johar Mehmood In Hongkong”, “Jab Jab Phool Khile”, “Raja Aur Rank”, “Dastak”, “Pakeezah”, “Paapi”, “Chor Machaye Shor”, “Five Rifles”, “Do Jasoos”, “Deewar”, “Khel Khel Me”, “Mard” and “Toofan”.

He once again got a chance to play Raj Kapoor’s father in the 1967 release “Diwana”. In his career spanned over five decades he acted in over 200 films in Hindi, Punjabi and Gujarati languages. He played different kinds of roles from a gangster to the police officer. He played the role of Don’s right-hand man Narang in Don (1978). This blue-eyed actor always had a powerful presence on screen. He worked in 152 films – from Door Chalen-46 to Aakhri Sanghursh-97( last film).

Kamal Kapoor died on 2nd August, 2010.

Today’s song is a duet of Meena Kapoor and K C Dey. It is the 3rd song from this film on this Blog.


Song- Na rona na rona (Door Chalein)(1946) Singers-K C Dey, Meena Kapoor, Lyrics-Sajjan, MD-K C Dey

Lyrics

No rona
na rona
na rona meri raani
na rona
na dheeraj apna khona
na dheeraj apna khona

hai ek aankh phir kya kahiye
hai ek paaon phir kya kahiye
hai ek aankh phir kya kahiye
hai ek paaon phir kya kahiye
gar padha nahin to sonaa hai
pagli phir kaisa rona hai
gar padha nahin to sonaa hai
pagli phir kaisa rona hai
dulha mila salona
dulha mila salona
No rona
na rona
na rona meri raani
na rona
na dheeraj apna khona
na dheeraj apna khona

hamne dhoondha
hamne dhoondha le chiraag
ye laakhon mein hai laal
puny kiye thhe kisi janam mein
ho gayi aaj nihaal
phir kaisa rona-dhona
phir kaisa rona-dhona
No rona
na rona
na rona meri raani
na rona
na dheeraj apna khona
na dheeraj apna khona
na rona

gar kaala hai darr jaaungi
gar bahra hai mar jaaungi
gar kaala hai darr jaaungi
gar bahra hai mar jaaungi
gar padha nahin main doob gayi
gar padha nahin main doob gayi
gar baazi se main oob gayi
bas nahin chaahiye ??
bas nahin chaahiye ??
samjhona
samjhona
samjho na mujhe khilauna

No rona
na rona
na rona meri raani
na rona
na dheeraj apna khona
na dheeraj apna khona
na rona


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5028 Post No. : 16936

Today’s song is a Non Film Song (NFS) – for a change ! It is sung by Pankaj Mallick. Lyricist is Fayyaz Hashmi and the song is set to music by Pankaj Mallick himself. It must be a song originally recorded before the Partition, because the Lyricist migrated to Pakistan after that in 1947.

Music in India can be divided into 2 groups.
1) Film Songs and 2) Non Film Songs.

Non Film Songs (NFS) as an all inclusive term and it includes all songs other than film songs – Bhajans, Naats, Geets, Qawalis, Gazals,classical songs and anything and everything that is not a film song. It may include the various folk songs, traditional songs sung in all parts of India on various occasions like Bhai Dooj, Rakhi, Holi, Sankranti, Bidai, Farmers’ songs during harvesting, even songs composed by Saints and songs sung by housewives while operating Home Chakkies, Naag Panchami songs etc.etc.

Music has been an inseparable part of Man’s life in the World. In India music is used whenever things needed to be remembered. I remember, in the 40’s and the 50’s, in our school days, the teachers used to insist on singing Poems from the books, in tune, so that we remembered them. Even the mathematical Tables and Pahades were recited collectively in tune,in classes and we never forgot them. That is why old people, even today, remember the tables of 1/4, 1/2, 3/4, 1 1/2, 1 1/4, 1 3/4, 2 1/2, 3 1/2 etc. etc. For the new generations it is unbelievable because now calculators do all this without investing personal efforts. Great advantages and disadvantages too ! Simple calculations can not be done without calculators these days. Anyway, that is besides this topic.

Great singers and classical experts always had the Royal Patronage and for common people the traditional music and folk songs were there. After the advent of Radio in Bombay (23-7-1927) and Calcutta (26-8-1927), music came to the commoners. But even on Radio, for a long time, only classical music was aired on Bombay Station. However Calcutta station aired songs other than classical because they had plenty of songs which were sung during the Puja season. The origin of NFS was from the East. I used to always wonder as to why NFS singers were mainly from Bengal-Pankaj Mallick, Saigal, Jagmohan, Hemant Kumar, Juthika Roy, Kamla Jharia and even Talat Mehmood sang his NFS from Calcutta.

Famous singer of NFS, Jagmohan Sursagar has written in his Autobiography in 1985, about the Birth of NFS thus- ” In the initial stages Kamal Dasgupta was influenced by Rabindranath Tagore. Tagore’s songs and compositions(Rabindra sangeet) were extremely popular, but were limited to Bangla people only. Ghazal, qawwali, Dadra, Naat, Thumri, Hori, Kajari etc. used to come to market but had a very limited listenership. These never reached the top.

” The fusion of Gazal, Dadra and Qawali with Bangla Geet style gave birth to Hindi Non Film Songs or geets. As such Geet had a known and accepted place in Literature, but not in Music. To establish this new Genre, Kamal babu used lyrics by Pt. Madhur, Pt. Anjum and Faiyaz Hashmi, got them sung by Jagmohan, Hemant, Talat, Juthika etc. Their records were inscribed with ‘ Hindi Geet (Hindustani Song) ‘. What thus started as NFS Geet from 1936 continued up to next 20 years non stop. “

However, in the course of time, almost all Hindi Playback singers like Lata, Asha, Geeta, Shamshad, Talat, Mukesh, Rafi, Nurjahan, Amirbai, Zohrabai etc. sang NFS. Some of their NFS became very popular too. The NFS started to be discussed on this Blog somewhere from late 2011. I remember AK ji and myself were the major vocal supporters of NFS on this Blog. Today there are 245 NFS, sung by various singers on our Blog. There are 75 singers of NFS. Some rare songs by Abhram Bhagat, Ashraf Khan, Master Vasant, Tamancha Jaan, Indurani etc. are also there. I think on the Internet, ours must be the only Blog providing such a feast of popular NFS-so many at ONE place. Thanks ATUL ji.

The contribution of singers, Lyricists and composers from Bengal to the emergence, sustainance, prosperity and decline is notable. Kamal Dasgupta and Fayyaz Hashmi played a pivotal role in the flourishing of NFS in India and were the earliest promoters of NFS. let us know more about Fayyaz Hashmi….

Fayyaz was born on 18-6- 1920 at Calcutta. His father, Syed Muhammad Hussain Hashmi Dilgeer was a very famous poet and writer of stage drama. He was director at the top class theater of that time named “ MADAN THEATER LTD.” He knew 8 languages.

Senior lyricist, Faiyyaz Hashmi, passed away in Karachi on Nov 29 th 2011. He shot to fame after penning lyrics for such non-film songs as ;Ye Raatein Ye Mausam; (Pankaj Mullick), ;Tasveer Teri Dil Mera; (Talat Mehmood), ;Dil Ko Hai Tum Se Pyar Kyun; (Jagmohan), ;Bhala Tha Kitna Apna Bachpan; (Hemant Kumar), and so many more rendered by the likes of Juthika Roy and Feroza Begum.

Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi is a legendary song and dialogue writer and above all a true loving person. He is by himself an institution and a common asset of the Indo-Pakistan film-world. His admirers as ever are not confined in national frontiers. Those fond of Hindi / Urdu songs anywhere in the world have affection for him. The emergence of this bright star was evidenced much before independence of India, when Fayyaz Hashmi, still a teenager wrote the most famous song “Tasveer Teri Dil Mera Behla Na Sakhe Gi”. It was recorded in the voice of Talat Mehmood and music was composed by Kamal Das Gupta. This song brought “Talat” to limelight. Music for most of the Fayyaz Hashmi’s songs recorded at Calcutta was composed by Kamal Das Gupta.

The dynamic achievements of young Fayyaz Hashmi and his clarity of expression by using simple words were greatly appreciated by Qazi Nazrul Islam -“Tum mann main doob kar mann ka bhed nikaltey ho. Aasan shubdoon mein mushkil baat kehna buhut mushkil hay”. His unique combination of Urdu, Hindi and Sanskrit words to produce a harmonious song thus became a guideline for the future poets of geets. The transformation of some traditional Bangla songs was also facilitated. He has also written songs in Brij Bhasa and Purbi. His pre-independence songs total to about 1000.

Fayyaz Hashmi wrote his first verse “Chaman main Ghuncha-o-gul ka tabassum dekhne walo – Kabhi tum ne haseen kalyoon ka murjhana bhi dekha hai” when he was in 7th class. As a student of 9th class, he was participating in regular “mushairas”. He got an assignment in the British owned Gramophone Company at DumDum (now called Jessore Road, Kolkotta) India. He served there during 1943 to 1948 period. At that time the average monthly production of record was only 16. Once all the records (16) issued in a month were written by Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi- a record by itself. Some of the evergreen hit songs of Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi are quoted here:

1- Honton se gulfishan hain who – Aankhoon se ashkbar hum Talat Mahmood
2- Do Kafir Aankhoon ne mara Talat Mahmood
3- Dil ko hai tum se pyar kyoon Jag Mohan
4- Aaj use phir dekha hai Jag Mohan
5- Bhala tha kitna apna bachpan Hemant Kumar
6- Yeh Raaten yeh mausam yeh hansa hansana Pankhaj Mallick
(Also re-sung by Lata Mangeshkar as a tribute to the legendary Pankhaj Mallick)
7- Tasveer teri dil mera behla na sake gi Talat Mehmood
8- Ab yad hamein kyoon aati ho Hemant Kumar
9- Kitna dukh bhulaya tum ne Hemant Kumar
10-Maloom hay mujhko – ban Jao gi tum ek din taqdeer hamari Jag Mohan.

While in India, he wrote 48 songs in 9 Hindi films, namely-Subah Shyam-44, Meghdoot-45, Zameen Aasmaan-46, Pehchan-46, Krishna Leela-46, Arabian Nights-46, Giribala-47, Faisla-47 and Iran ki ek raat-49

He chose to migrate to Pakistan after the Partition.
In 1948, he was posted as recording Manager at Dhaka Center of the Gramophone Company and thereafter in 1951 at Lahore. He promoted many talents like Farida Khanum, Saeen Marna, Saeen Akhtar and Saeen Budha. He diverted towards the writing of film songs in 1956. “Kunwari Bewa” was the first film in Pakistan with his songs. He wrote more than 2000 songs for films and Gramophone Recording Company. He had also written stories, dialogues and scripts of many hit films like AULAD, ZAMAN KIYA KAHE GA, NEHLEY PE DEHLA, INTEKHAB, PEHCHAN, KHUDA AUR MUHABBAT, GHAREEBON KA BADSHAH etc. including “ HUM AIK HAIN” which was also directed by him. It was the first Pakistani film with 5 songs filmed in colour and as such a record in Pakistan film industry.

Every film, songs of which were written by Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi became super hit like SAHELI, AULAD, ASHIANA, SUHAGAN, HONAHAR, PEGHAM, SARTAJ, SHAREEK-E-HAYAT, EID MUBARAK, SHABNAM, LOVE IN JUNGLE, TOBA, SAWAL, LAKHOON MAIN AIK, DEWAR BHABI etc.

He received Graduate Award 3 times and also Nigar award for the best song in 1978 on “Chalo Achha Hua Tum Bhool Gaye” film “Lakhoon Main Aik”. He received International award in 1986 and another Nigar award in 1988 for the best dialogue of film “ Ghareebon Ka Badshah”. In addition to these he recounts about 11 Silver Jubilee Awards and 17 Golden Jubilee**. “Deewane Tere Pyar ke” is the latest film all songs of which have been written Fayyaz Hashmi.

The first compilation of his poetry was published as “ RAG RANG” in 1944 in India. His poems were published in various journals and magazines like Adbi Duniya, Adbe Lateef, Alamgeer, Beesveen Sadi, Shama (Delhi), Chitrali (Dhaka), Nigar (Karachi), Amar Jadeed and Amrit Bazar Patrika (Calcutta, India). He wrote many Naats and Qawwalis. He also wrote many National songs like (Ae Quiad-e-Azam tera ehsan hai ehsan” & “ Suraj Kare Salam – Chanda kare Salam”.

On the publication of his mystic verses, Mr. Raees Amrohi commented that “History of Sufi poets is indicative of a glorious future for them and Mr. Fayyaz.

(Based primarily on the article by Nadeemur Rehman, courtesy shri Rajnikumar Pandya ji and my own notes. )

Today’s NFS is composed and sung by Pankaj Mallick. According to a commenter on you tube, Pankaj Mallick has used the orchestra of Fransisco Casanovas in this song. You can hear many western instruments playing in the background. Similarly, Jagmohan Sursagar had also composed one song ” Kya maze ki baat hai” in his only Hindi films as a composer in 1955, wherein he used Waltz music.


Song- Jab chaand mera nikla (Pankaj Mullick NFS)(1946) Singer- Pankaj Mullick, Lyricist- Faiyyaz Hashmi, MD- Pankaj Mullick
Non Film Song.

Lyrics

Jab chaand mera nikla
??
Jab chaand mera nikla
us raat ki
us raat ke ?? chup thhe
?? bhi sharmaaye
chhaayin thhin ?? ghataayen
Jab chaand mera nikla

un aankhon se kehte thhe
un aankhon se kehte thhe
aankhen meri khushi mein
amar ujaala ho
do din ki zindagi mein
phir kyon na tumhen paa ke
hum bhaag pe itraayen
chaayin ?? ghataayen
Jab chaand mera nikla

aakaash pe jab chhaaye
ghanghor diyaare(??) se
tab man ke gagan mein mere
chhitke huye taare thhey

jaadoo sa mujhpe kiya thha
jaado bhari hawa ne
gham mera mita gaye thhey
un honthhon ke paimaane
ab tak hai wo ?? baaten
hum hosh mein kya aayen
chaayin ?? ghataayen
Jab chaand mera nikla aa aa aa
chaayin ?? ghataayen


This article is written by Avinash Scrapwala, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5017 Post No. : 16924

Today I am presenting a song from the movie ‘Sohni Mahiwal’ (1946). I had come across this song when I joined this blog as a lyrics contributor in 2012-2013.

The movie was directed by Ishwar Lal and Ravindra Jaikar for Jayant Desai Productions, Bombay. The story is based on the legend of Sohni Mahiwal. It had Ishwar Lal, Begam Para, Mubarak, Dixit, Rewashankar, Sayeed Ahmed, Gharpure, Bibibai, Shobha, Nafis Begam, Kesharbai and others.

This movie had as many as eleven songs written by Swami Ramanand (nine songs) and Munshi Dil (two songs). Music for this movie was composed by Lal Mohammad.

Here is the list of songs in this movie: –

S.No Song Title Singer Lyricist Posted On
01 Mujhe loot liya re mujhe … bhole sanam ne Naseem Akhtar Swami Ramanand
02 Anaaron ke baagh mein chhup chhup ke aana …o pardesi bhool na jaanaa Zohrabai Ambalewali Swami Ramanand 18.06.2021
03 Muhabbat ke bande, muhabbat karenge Not mentioned Swami Ramanand
04 Ab to aa jaa jaani yaar tera intezaar hai Zohrabai Ambalewali Swami Ramanand
05 Koyi aankhon mein aa ke samaa gaya Zohrabai Ambalewali Swami Ramanand
06 Nahin chiraag e mohabbat jalaaye jaate hain Zohrabai Ambalewali Munshi Dil
07 Teri Sohni pukaar kare, Mahiwal dekh Zohrabai Ambalewali Swami Ramanand
08 Chali pyaar sakhi sasuraal dil kyun doley naa Zoharabai, G.M. Durrani Swami Ramanand
09 Chenab ke behte huye paani … Zoharabai, G.M. Durrani Swami Ramanand 18.09.2014
10 Dekh kar surat tumhaari dil gaya Rewashankar, chorus Swami Ramanand
11 O tujhpe salaam aye mere naakaam e muhabbat Zoharabai, G.M. Durrani Munshi Dil 13.09.2014

We can see from the above table that only three songs of this movie have been posted earlier on the blog. Two songs were posted in 2014 and the third song from this movie appeared after almost seven years of gap in 2021.

Today’s song is the fourth song from this movie to be posted on the blog. As mentioned above today’s song is sung by Zohrabai Ambalewali.

Zohrabai Ambalewali was the leading classical and playback singer in the 1930s and 1940s. She has given us many memorable songs which are cherished, listened, and likened by generations till now. Her immortal voice will be heard till the history of Hindi Films is discussed and written on this planet.

After getting associated with this blog I have got to listen to and share many of her songs. I like them all very much.

Let us now listen to the today’s song … (only the audio of this song is available).

Nahin chiraag e mohabbat jalaaye jaate hain

Audio

Song-Nahin charaag e mohabbat jalaaye jaate hain (Sohni Mahiwal)(1946) Singer-Zohrabai Ambalewaali, Lyrics-Munshi Dil, MD-Lal Mohammad

Lyrics

nahin charaag e mohabbat
jalaaye jaate hain ae
nahin chiraag e mohabbat
jalaaye jaate hain ae
ye dil ke daag jahaan ko
dikhaaye jaate hain

wo dard ban ke jigar
wo dard ban ke jigar mein
samaaye jaate hain
wo dard banke jigar
wo dard ban ke jigar mein
samaaye jaate hain aen
bhula rahi hoon magar
yaad aaye jaate hain ae
nahin charaag e mohabbat
jalaaye jaate hain ae

uthhaa nigaah e mohabbat
uthhaa nigaah e mohabbat
mujhe sahaaraa de
mujhe sahaaraa de
kathin hai raah kadam
dagmagaaye jaate hain
nahin charaag e mohabbat
jalaaye jaate hain ae

zubaan e ashq pe ae
haan
zubaan e ashq pe
afsaana e mohabbat hai
haan aa
zubaan e ashq pe
afsaana e mohabbat hai
koi sune na sune
koi sune na sune
ham sunaaye jaate hain
haan
nahin charaag e mohabbat
jalaaye jaate hain ae
nahin chiraag …

 

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

नहीं चराग ए मोहब्बत जलाए जाते हैं
नहीं चराग ए मोहब्बत जलाए जाते हैं
ये दिल के दाग़ जहां को दिखाये जाते हैं

वो दर्द बन के जिगर
वो दर्द बन के जिगर में समाये जाते हैं
वो दर्द बन के जिगर
वो दर्द बन के जिगर में समाये जाते हैं
भुला रहीं हूँ मगर याद आए जाते हैं
नहीं चराग ए मोहब्बत जलाए जाते हैं

उठा निगाह ए मोहब्बत
उठा निगाह ए मोहब्बत मुझे सहारा दे
मुझे सहारा दे
कठिन है राह कदम डगमगाये जाते हैं
नहीं चराग ए मोहब्बत जलाए जाते हैं

ज़ुबान ए अश्क पे
हाँ
ज़ुबान ए अश्क पे अफसाना ए मोहब्बत है
हाँ॰॰॰
कोई सुने ना सुने
कोई सुने ना सुने हम सुनाये जाते हैं
हाँ
नहीं चराग ए मोहब्बत जलाए जाते हैं

नहीं चराग॰ ॰ ॰


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 5010 Post No. : 16912 Movie Count : 4592

Today’s song is from a totally unknown and obscure film Shah E Misr-1946. The only reason this film will ever be remembered by the Historians is because film actor Ajit made his debut as a hero in this film, albeit with his real name Hamid. So, except the Historians and Ajit, you and I are the only people in this world who know the significance of this film !

The word “Shah” generally means a King. Historically, the Persian Monarchs were known as Shah-in-Shah, the colloquial may be Shahenshah, perhaps. In India, however, a Shah means a rich Sethiya- the name being common amongst the higher, richer Gujarati businessmen. There are several stories in world literature how Lady Luck made a commoner a King and thus there are many folk tales in Arabic and Persian languages about how common people became kings due to their valour and good luck.

No story of this film is available and I have also not seen this film. Therefore we can, at best, presume that this film depicted some such story in it. The film was directed by G.R.Sethi. He is one of those artistes about whom no information is available in any book that I have or on the Internet or any Bloge which I visit. So, all that we know about G.R.Sethi is only through the details available in HFGK. But whatever is available, is more than enough to make him an Unique person in Indian Film History !

G R Sethi started his directorial debut with the film Roshan Ara-1932. Then in 1933, Bharat Movietone , a film company, did something which has never been attempted again by anybody, later in the history of Hindi film making ! They made a film in one year in 4 different parts, which was directed by G.R.Sethi. The film was “Hatim Tai”, part I, part II part III and part IV , all launched,completed and released in 1933. All 4 films were independently full length films, with the same titles. They had different Censor Certificates. Though Marutirao Pehelwan was the Hero in all 4 parts, he had different Heroines in every part. This Marutirao is the same actor who did the main role in the First Gujarati Talkie film “Narsi Mehta “-1932, made by Sagar Movietone. Marutirao was the father of International Dancer Gopi Krishna, whose mother was actress Tara-sister of dancer Sitara Devi.

The second achievement of G.R.Sethi was that he directed the film “Hatimtai-1933 Part I “, in which India’s First song with ANOKHE BOL featured. The song was ” Donga Donga Dum Dum Daaka, Adam Boka, Masnam Maaka “. It was a Chorus song. The music was by Madhulal Master.

G.R.Sethi directed 23 films in his career. His last film was, by a strange coincidence, “Hatimtai-1947 ! Sethi wrote 84 songs in 9 films also – Roshan ASra-32, Nav Chetan-32, Hatimtai-1933..all 4 parts, Veer poojan-34, Sharif Daaku-38 and Imandar-39. The cast of the film was Hamid, Geeta Bose, Meghmala, Janaki, Syed etc.etc. The 9 songs of the film were written by Roopbani. The Music Director was Shanti Kumar Desai.

The Music Director of this film was Shanti Kumar Desai, a very talented but unlucky composer who rarely got support from any famous banner. His music was enchanting and tunes were superb, but Lady Luck did not favour him.

He was born in Amreli, Saurashtra, Gujarat state on 3-3-1908. His family was in service as Royal Musicians, so he was exposed to music from childhood.He was an expert Harmonium player. To start his career, he came to Bombay and worked in H.M.V. as a Broadcaster. Here he came into contact with many composers and learnt how they operated and made tunes etc.

He was already giving music to Dramas, but wanted to join the Film line as M.D. He got his first film Navbharat ( Jawanmard)-1934. In those days Gujarati producers and directors used to prefer Gujarati MDs. Thus out of his 36 films, 18 were done with Gujarati Directors like Sohrab modi, Nanubhai Vakil, V.M.Vyas(4 films), Kanjibhai Rathod, Dhirubhai Desai etc. He also gave music to Gujarati films.

He gave music along with Madholal Master,Rafiq Ghaznavi, Pannalal Ghosh, Shyambabu Pathak etc. Famous singers like Rafi, Manna Dey, Zohrabai, Amirbai etc sang in his films during their early careers. Even Kishore Kumar’s early film Sati Vijay-48 had music by Shanti Kumar Desai. He gave music to films of early era actors like Prem Adib, Mehtab, Sitara Devi, Leela Chitnis, Jal Merchant, Ashraf Khan, Rajkumari, Mazhar khan, Shanta Hublikar, Jairaj, E Billimoria, Kumar, Sardar Akhtar, Chandramohan, Shobhana Samarth, Durga Khote, Shahu Modak and Sulochana.

From 1934 to 1948, he gave music to 38 films. In 1964 his one film (Tere dwar khada Bhagwan) was released. He composed 333 songs. He never got films from top banners like Bombay Talkies,Prabhat, Sagar or Minerva, otherwise his career would have been different.

He died on 6-1-1986. Some of his better known films were Bholi bhikaran-36, Punarjanma-38, Anjaam-40, Suhaagan-42, Naukar-43, Ek din ka sultan-45, Shah E Misr-46 and Lav Kush-51

Only the other day I was re reading the book, ” ये उन दिनोंकी बात है ” (in English), written by Yasir Abbasi- a journalist and a Film Historian, who has written some books on films.When I bought this book and read it, I was pleasantly surprised that he had mentioned my name along with Hamraz ji and Harish ji, in ” acknowledgements”, thanking us for the help rendered to him. I was overwhelmed to see this, because such honesty and humbleness is rare these days. Not that I had done something great, but his acknowledgement was very soothing indeed !

This book is a collection of translated (from Urdu to English) articles written by several film artistes like Dilip kumar, Ajit, Nadira, Shyama, Talat mahmood, Johnny Walker, Veena etc. There are 15 such articles, 5 perspectives written by film actors and pen Portraits of 10 film personalities like Kardar, Satyajit Ray, K.Asif etc etc. All in all, it is a very engrossing book. I read what actor Ajit had written, before I wrote this post. He has shared his experiences with other artistes like W.Z. Ahmed, actor Shyam. he has described what happened after Shyam’s accident during Shabistan, madhubala, K.Asif, balraj Sahni, some anecdotes while shooting for Mughal E Azam, Prithviraj kapoor, Motilal and some more. The book has become so interesting because they have shared their experiences in the industry.

There are so many stories and anecdotes that I can easily make 3-4 posts on it. Maybe sometime in the future, when I write on a film of one of these artistes. Today’s song is sung by Amirbai Karnataki. With this song film Shah E Misr-1946 makes its Debut here.


Song-Dil mein mere khushi nahin(Shah e Misr)(1946) Singer-Amirbai Karnataki, Lyrics-Roopbani, MD-Shanti Kumar Desai

Lyrics

Dil mein mere khushi nahin
Dil mein mere khushi nahin
lab pe mere hansi nahin
lab pe mere hansi nahin
kehte hain jisko zindagi
kehte hain jisko zindagi
haaye wo zindagi nahin
haaye wo zindagi nahin
Dil mein mere khushi nahin

jinka main haal kya kahoon
jinka main haal kya kahoon
wo to guzar hi jaata hai
wo to guzar hi jaata hai
roye bina ke raat kar (?)
roye bina ke raat kar (?)
apni kabhi kati nahin
apni kabhi kati nahin
Dil mein mere khushi nahin

kisko sunaaun jaa ke main
kisko sunaaun jaa ke main
dard o alam ki daastaan
dard o alam ki daastaan
mera to is jahaan mein
mera to is jahaan mein
gham ke siwa koi nahin
gham ke siwa koi nahin
Dil mein mere khushi nahin

ris ris ke zakhm e dil mere
ris ris ke zakhm e dil mere
aasmaan pe chhaa gaye
aasmaan pe chhaa gaye
ye to jigar ke paar hai
ye to jigar ke paar hai
taaron se roshni nahin
taaron se roshni nahin
Dil mein mere khushi nahin
lab pe mere ae ae
hansi nahin


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 5010 Post No. : 16911 Movie Count : 4591

I am presenting a rare song of a 1946 released film, sung by Mohammed Rafi. I came across this song for the first time about 5-6 years back on one of the video-sharing platforms and I immensely liked it. However, to my dismay, I found that the uploaded song was incomplete. I could not find the full song on any of the video sharing-platforms at that time. I tried to locate it from other on-line sources but failed to get it. Gradually, this song went out of my mind. It was only yesterday, I accidentally found the full song – accidentally because the uploader of the song (probably a ‘front’ for SAREGAMA) while uploading the song about 3 years back, wrongly captioned it.

The song is ‘dil samajhta hai yaa khuda jaane’ from an obscure film, ‘Hoor-E-Baghdad’ (1946). The name of the singer is not indicated by SAREGAMA which means that the 78 RPM gramophone record of the song may not have mentioned the name of the singer. However, without any doubt, the voice in the song is that of Mohammed Rafi. The song is written in a ghazal format by F M Pindvi, a name I heard for the first time. Damodar Sharma is the music director. The film had 9 obscure songs of which as of now, only two songs are available.

I get a feeling that F M Pindvi who wrote this song in a ghazal format may have been influenced by Daagh’s ghazal written in the same metre. I reproduce four shers from Daagh’s ghazal:

dil ko kya ho gaya ḳhuda jaane
kyun hai aisa udaas kya jaane

is tajaahul kaa kya thikaana hai
jaan kar jo na mudda jaane

kah diya maine raaz-e-dil apna
us ko tum jaano yaa ḳhuda jaane

kya ġharaz kyun idhar tawajjoh ho
haal-e-dil aap ki bala jaane

‘Hoor-E-Baghdad’ (1946) was produced under the banner of Mohan Pictures and was directed by A M Khan. The star cast included Shiraz, Ayyaz Begum, Devraj, Fazlu, Anwari Bai, Khan Chand, Garib Shah, Aziz Siddiqui, Fateh Singh, Miss Mumtaz etc. From the star cast, it can be guessed that it was a stunt/fantasy film. The story of the film as appeared in this link (probably taken from the song booklet of the film) is reproduced below:

The Shah, feeling that it will soon be the time to pass the crown to one who is duly able, wishes to test his four sons to see who is the most deserving of the honour. Prince Anwar, the Shah’s eldest, was the most able of all and is chosen heir to the throne.

The Shah’s young second wife (Anwaribai) objected, however, as she felt her own son (Devraj) should be the successor. To make her happy, the Shah decides to test them all again, this time in a special court. Again, Anwar was victorious. Still unhappy, the young queen arranges yet another test, with the additional prize being the hand of the vizier’s (A. Siddique) daughter, Almas (Ayaz Begum), who is known as the most beautiful in all of Baghdad. In this new test, each of the sons must risk life and limb to bring back four valuable objects.

With this song, The film. ‘Hoor-E-Baghdad’ (1946) and the lyricist, F M Pindvi make debut on the Blog.

Audio Clip:

Song-Dil samajhta hai ya khuda jaane (Hoor e Baghdad)(1946) Singer-Rafi, Lyrics-F M Pindvi, MD-Damodar Sharma

Lyrics

dil samajhta hai yaa khuda jaane ae ae
meri muskil ko koi kya jaane
dil samajhta hai yaa khuda

aa aa aa aa aaa
kaisi ulfat
mujhe to wahashat hai…..ae ae
kaash mera wo mudda jaane ae ae
dil samajhta hai yaa khuda jaane ae ae /em>

mere hosh-o-khirad pe…ae ae ae ae ae ae ae ae ae
kya guzri..ee ee ee
nigaahen aaj chhupaaye kya jaane
dil samajhta hai yaa khuda
wo tasawwur mein aen aen
aake kehte hain..aen aen aen
tum ho kaise meri bala jaane ae
tum ho kaise meri bala jaane ae
dil samajhta hai yaa khuda jaane ae


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

This article is the 16900th post in the blog on its 5000th day.

Blog Day :

5000 Post No. : 16900

Today (27 March 2022) is one of those days that arrives regularly in the blog. It is the century post day. Moreover, it is an even more special day for the blog. Today is the 5000th day of the blog !

The fact that today is the 5000th day of the blog was known for quite some time. The idea that this day should coincide with the century post germinated a few days ago, even though it meant that we needed to go at a slower rate than even the already slow rate for the blog.

Sudhir Jee, who floated this idea was under the impression till the last moment that today we were on to 17000th post. It was only at the last moment that he realised that we were onto just the 16900th post. 🙂

Sudhir Jee had identified a special post for the occasion of 17000th post and so that song had to be held back.

We did not have any backup song for the occasion.

Most of our century posts get posted on week days when the blog gets more visits. Today is perhaps the first time in many years when the century post was getting covered on a Sunday. The previous such occasion that I can think of was 20 July 2014, which was a Sunday too and that was the day when the 10000th post was covered on the blog. That day which saw 8 articles being posted was a memorable day for the blog, as the regulars of the blog remember even to this day.

Today is Sunday. A few years ago, I had discovered a rare and remarkable old song of 1940s that celebrated Sunday. I vaguely remembered that I had noted it down and I had even downloaded that song. That song would have been a perfect century song for today. But I could not locate that song, despite searching hard in my portable hard disks and elsewhere. It could well have been hiding in some laptop that I am no longer using.

I informed Sudhir Jee about this song and he too searched for it. But that song could not be located.

During my searches, I came across some other rare songs and I considered using one of them, in case our “Sunday” song could not be located. So here is that song.

This song, quite an interesting and rare song, is from ‘Phulwaari’ (1946).

‘Phulwaari’ (1946) was directed by Chaturbhuj Doshi. The movie had Motilal, Khursheed, Madhubala, Ramayan Tiwari etc in it. This obscure movie had 9 obscure songs in it. Two songs from the movie have been covered in the blog.

This song, third from the movie and 16900th song in the blog is a children’s song. It is sung by Baby Anu and chorus. Pt Indra is the lyricist. Music is composed by Hansraj Bahl.

The song is a take on Chanda Mama from her point of view. It is quite a fun song, quite an interesting song indeed. The song , like its movie ended up becoming obscure.

I request our knowledgeable readers to help throw light on the movie as well as on the picturisation of the song.

I have no idea who this singer Baby Anu was. She may have been a small child while recording this song, but today she would be in her 70s. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on her. She makes her debut as a playback singer in the blog.

16900 songs on the 5000th day for the blog ! It has been quite a marathon run for this musical blog where songs have been covered at a rate of 3.4 songs everyday. These figures demonstrate the fact that if one can be consistent and disciplined that it is possible to achieve such high figures, even if our daily rate of posts may be seemingly low.

The blog now has 16900 songs from nearly 4600 movies, and around 1300 of these movies have already been Yippeee’d. These figures may not appear too daunting to the uninitiated, but these figures are big figures. We realize their size only when we try to list them or try to go through the list, or try to take a print out.

The next century mark is the big mark of 17000th song. Who thought, 14 years ago during 2008, that this blog would still be around in 2022 and people here would talk of 17000 songs in it. We are here and that target is just 100 songs away from us.

I take this opportunity to thank one and all. And as always, let us hope that this musical bandwagon keeps rolling on and on and we keep discovering many musical gems in our journey.


Song-Chaand mama ne amrood churaaya re (Phulwaari)(1946) Singer-Baby Anu, Lyrics-Pt Indra, MD-Hansraj Bahl
Chorus

Lyrics

chaand mama ne
chaand mama ne ho
chaand mama ne amrood churaaya re
chaand mama ne amrood churaaya re
chori chori
ho chori chori
chori chori akele hi khaaya re
chori chori akele hi khaaya re

chaand mama chaand mama
chaand mama rakhiya bandhaane ko aaya
ho o o o
ho o o o
chaand mama rakhiya bandhaane ko aaya
jholi mein kitne khilaune wo laaya
jholi mein
jholi mein kitne khilaune wo laaya
munni munne ke man bhaaya re
munni munne ke man bhaaya re
chaand mama ne amrood churaaya re
chaand mama ne amrood churaaya re

chaand mama chaand mama
chaand mama chaand mama
baaghon mein aana
chaand mama chaand mama
baaghon mein aana
munni ko kirnon ka jhoola jhulaana
munni ko
munni ko kirnon ka jhoola jhulaana
jhoolan ka mausam aaya re
jhoolan ka mausam aaya re
chaand mama ne amrood churaaya re
chaand mama ne amrood churaaya re

chaand mama chaand mama
chaand mama chaand mama
school jaana
chaand mama chaand mama
school jaana
master jee se chhutti dilaana
chhutti dilaana
master jee se chhutti dilaana
mera janm din aaya re
mera janm din aaya re
chaand mama ne amrood churaaya re
chaand mama ne amrood churaaya re

chori chori
ho chori chori
chori chori akele hi khaaya re
chori chori akele hi khaaya re
chaand mama ne


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4961 Post No. : 16830

Today’s song is a comedy song from the film Arabian Nights-1946.

Can there be a child who has not read the story of Alibaba or Alladin or Sindbad the sailor ? All of us have read these stories in our younger days,but not many know that these stories are from ‘Arabian Nights’ or ‘The 1001 Nights’.

These are collections of stories from West and south Asia. The history of this book is very complex.Suffice to say that it is a composite work and that the earliest tales came from India and Persia. Perhaps in the 8th century,these were translated into Arabic and authors from every generation went on adding stories to it.However,the basic Frame story remains the same for centuries.

King Shahriyar of Persia is shocked to discover that not only his brother’s wife but his own wife is not faithful to them.He has both women executed.Having lost faith in women,he orders his Vazir to bring one Virgin everyday to him,for marriage.The next morning,she gets executed,to prevent her from being unfaithful. At one point of time,the Vazir exhausts his supply and he is to be executed the next day.His daughter Sheherzad asks her father to marry her to the King.Her pleading forces him to offer her to the king and they are married.On the first night of Marriage,Sheherzad starts telling a story to the king for whole night,but does not complete it.The story is so interesting that the King postpones her execution.

Second night she continues and the whole night the story remains incomplete….this way she tells him 1001 stories in 1001 nights.Finally a happy King pardons her. These are collectively called “The Arabian Night Stories. Many sources like Sanskrit, Persian, Arabic etc claim to be its root. However Historians’ consensus is that it is a composite work of many authors. Many stories from this book have been made into films in Hollywood and Bollywood.

A cursory look at the Film Title Index-1913 to 2012 by Hamraz ji tells us that the most popular stories are on Allauddin, Alibaba and Sinbad as well as Gul E Bakavli, besides films on other not so well known characters. In the Silent film era, films on Alibaba were made in 1927 (2films), Allauddin in 1927 (2), 1928,1931 Sindbad in 1930(2) and Arabian Nights-1930. During the Talkie films, the first film on Alibaba was in 1932, then in 40,46,54(2),66,76,77,80 and 2004. On Aladdin in 35, 36, 39,41, 49,52 (2), 55, 57,58,66,78, 82(2). On Sindbad in 46(2),52(2),58,65 and 2000.

As always, the creative heads in the story departments of filmmakers invented titles like Alladin ka Beta, Alladin ki Beti, Alladin and Laila. Similarly son and daughter were gifted to Alibaba and Sinbad and films made on them. The funniest title was Sindbad, Alibaba and Allauddin-1965 !

On a quick checking of HFGK entries for the 40’s decade we find that as many as 9 films were made in 1946 alone on these characters. Added were Baghdad ka chor, Hoor E Baghdad Sher E baghdad Arab ka chand and Shah E Misr-in which actor Ajit debuted with his real name Hamid.

Film Arabian Night-46 was made by P R Productions , Bombay, in Calcutta. In those days, many films were made by Bombay Producers in Calcutta with Bangla Artistes. Examples are films Krishnleela-46(producer laxmidas Anand from Bombay), Arabian Nights-46 and Chandrashekhar-48 (Ashok kumar was specially brought from Bombay to act opposite Kanan Devi). Speciality of these films was that Bombay banners preferred Kanan devi as Heroine and Kamal Dasgupta as MD for their films.

Film Arabian Nights-46 was directed by Niren Lahiri. kamal Dasgupta gave music to songs written by Faiyyaz Hashmi-the popular lyricist who could write songs in pure Hindi also. His name is known to NFS loving music lovers all over India. he wrote beautiful Lyrics for NFS sung by Talat Mahmood, Hemant kumar, Jagmohan, Juthika Roy, Pankaj Mullik and others.

Fayyaz was born on 18-6- 1920 at Calcutta. His father, Syed Muhammad Hussain Hashmi Dilgeer was a very famous poet and writer of stage drama. He was director at the top class theater of that time named “ MADAN THEATER LTD.” He knew 8 languages.

Senior lyricist, Faiyyaz Hashmi, passed away in Karachi on Nov 29 th 2011. He shot to fame after penning lyrics for such non-film songs as ;Ye Raatein Ye Mausam; (Pankaj Mullick), ;Tasveer Teri Dil Mera; (Talat Mehmood), ;Dil Ko Hai Tum Se Pyar Kyun; (Jagmohan), ;Bhala Tha Kitna Apna Bachpan; (Hemant Kumar), and so many more rendered by the likes of Juthika Roy and Feroza Begum.

Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi is a legendary song and dialogue writer and above all a true loving person. He is by himself an institution and a common asset of the Indo-Pakistan film-world. His admirers as ever are not confined in national frontiers. Those fond of Hindi / Urdu songs anywhere in the world have affection for him. The emergence of this bright star was evidenced much before independence of India, when Fayyaz Hashmi, still a teenager wrote the most famous song “Tasveer Teri Dil Mera Behla Na Sakhe Gi”. It was recorded in the voice of Talat Mehmood and music was composed by Kamal Das Gupta. This song brought “Talat” to limelight. Music for most of the Fayyaz Hashmi’s songs recorded at Calcutta was composed by Kamal Das Gupta.

The dynamic achievements of young Fayyaz Hashmi and his clarity of expression by using simple words were greatly appreciated by Qazi Nazrul Islam -“Tum mann main doob kar mann ka bhed nikaltey ho. Aasan shubdoon mein mushkil baat kehna buhut mushkil hay”. His unique combination of Urdu, Hindi and Sanskrit words to produce a harmonious song thus became a guideline for the future poets of geets. The transformation of some traditional Bangla songs was also facilitated. He has also written songs in Brij Bhasa and Purbi. His pre-independence songs total to about 1000.

Fayyaz Hashmi wrote his first verse “Chaman main Ghuncha-o-gul ka tabassum dekhne walo – Kabhi tum ne haseen kalyoon ka murjhana bhi dekha hai” when he was in 7th class. As a student of 9th class, he was participating in regular “mushairas”. He got an assignment in the British owned Gramophone Company at DumDum (now called Jessore Road, Kolkotta) India. He served there during 1943 to 1948 period. At that time the average monthly production of record was only 16. Once all the records (16) issued in a month were written by Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi- a record by itself. Some of the evergreen hit songs of Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi are quoted here:

1- Honton se gulfishan hain who – Aankhoon se ashkbar hum Talat Mahmood
2- Do Kafir Aankhoon ne mara Talat Mahmood
3- Dil ko hai tum se pyar kyoon Jag Mohan
4- Aaj use phir dekha hai Jag Mohan
5- Bhala tha kitna apna bachpan Hemant Kumar
6- Yeh Raaten yeh mausam yeh hansa hansana Pankhaj Mallick
(Also re-sung by Lata Mangeshkar as a tribute to the legendary Pankhaj Mallick)
7- Tasveer teri dil mera behla na sake gi Talat Mehmood
8- Ab yad hamein kyoon aati ho Hemant Kumar
9- Kitna dukh bhulaya tum ne Hemant Kumar
10-Maloom hay mujhko – ban Jao gi tum ek din taqdeer hamari Jag Mohan.

While in India, he wrote 48 songs in 9 Hindi films, namely-Subah Shyam-44, Meghdoot-45, Zameen Aasmaan-46, Pehchan-46, Krishna Leela-46, Arabian Nights-46, Giribala-47, Faisla-47 and Iran ki ek raat-49

He chose to migrate to Pakistan after the Partition.

In 1948, he was posted as recording Manager at Dhaka Center of the Gramophone Company and thereafter in 1951 at Lahore. He promoted many talents like Farida Khanum, Saeen Marna, Saeen Akhtar and Saeen Budha. He diverted towards the writing of film songs in 1956. “Kunwari Bewa” was the first film in Pakistan with his songs. He wrote more than 2000 songs for films and Gramophone Recording Company. He had also written stories, dialogues and scripts of many hit films like AULAD, ZAMAN KIYA KAHE GA, NEHLEY PE DEHLA, INTEKHAB, PEHCHAN, KHUDA AUR MUHABBAT, GHAREEBON KA BADSHAH etc. including “ HUM AIK HAIN” which was also directed by him. It was the first Pakistani film with 5 songs filmed in colour and as such a record in Pakistan film industry.

Every film, songs of which were written by Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi became super hit like SAHELI, AULAD, ASHIANA, SUHAGAN, HONAHAR, PEGHAM, SARTAJ, SHAREEK-E-HAYAT, EID MUBARAK, SHABNAM, LOVE IN JUNGLE, TOBA, SAWAL, LAKHOON MAIN AIK, DEWAR BHABI etc.

He received Graduate Award 3 times and also Nigar award for the best song in 1978 on “Chalo Achha Hua Tum Bhool Gaye” film “Lakhoon Main Aik”. He received International award in 1986 and another Nigar award in 1988 for the best dialogue of film “ Ghareebon Ka Badshah”. In addition to these he recounts about 11 Silver Jubilee Awards and 17 Golden Jubilee**. “Deewane Tere Pyar ke” is the latest film all songs of which have been written Fayyaz Hashmi.

The first compilation of his poetry was published as “ RAG RANG” in 1944 in India. His poems were published in various journals and magazines like Adbi Duniya, Adbe Lateef, Alamgeer, Beesveen Sadi, Shama (Delhi), Chitrali (Dhaka), Nigar (Karachi), Amar Jadeed and Amrit Bazar Patrika (Calcutta, India). He wrote many Naats and Qawwalis. He also wrote many National songs like (Ae Quiad-e-Azam tera ehsan hai ehsan” & “ Suraj Kare Salam – Chanda kare Salam”.

On the publication of his mystic verses, Mr. Raees Amrohi commented that “History of Sufi poets is indicative of a glorious future for them and Mr. Fayyaz.

(Based primarily on the article by Nadeemur Rehman, courtesy shri Rajnikumar Pandya ji and my own notes. ).

The cast of the film Arabian Nights-46 was Kanan Devi, Nawab, Robin Mujumdar, Debi Mukherjee, Molina Devi, Heeralal and Sunder. Today’s song is sung by actor Sunder Singh. Most readers will know Sunder only as a comedian. But he was a Hero in his early career and sang songs in films. Let us now enjoy his funny song.


Song- Zindagi kya ek gadbad hai (Arabian Nights)(1946) Singer- Sunder Singh, Lyricist- Faiyaz Hashmi, MD- Kamal Dasgupta

Lyrics

Zindagi kya
zindagi kya ek gadbad hai ree
gadbad hai
dil yahaa ka
dil yahaan ka
sab sadbad hai ree
gadbad hai

hai khilaadi duniyaa saari
duniyaa saari ee ee
hai khilaadi duniyaa saari
duniyaa saari ree ee
zindagi kya
zindagi kya ik gadbad hai ree
gadbad hai

husn pe duniya bhar ki nazar hai
yahaan pe aashaq ghanchakkar hai
ye maston ke baap ka ghar hai
baap ka ghar hai
aji ye maston ke baap ka ghar hai
baap ka ghar hai

sab hain rote
ham hain hanste
jeet hamaaree ree
sab hain rote
ham hain hanste
jeet hamaaree ree ee
zindagi kya
zindagi kya ik gadbad hai ree
gadbad hai

is daulat mein phanske marte
marte

kuchh hai fanda
sabke marte
marte
hansne waale hanske marte
marte marte
hansne waale hanske marte
marte marte
hansi khushi ki
saari daulat
ham par waarenge ae ae
hansi khushi ki
saari daulat
ham par waarenge ae ae
zindagi kya
zindagi kya ik gadbad hai ree
garbad hai
khel yahaan ka
hel yahaan ka
sab sadbad hai ree
gadbad hai


This article is written by nahm, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4907 Post No. : 16716

Remembering Mohammed Rafi Sahab ( 97th birth anniversary )
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Aaaaaaa
Aaaaaa
Aaaaaaaaaaa
Aaaaaaaaaaa
Mahal udaas aur galiyaan sooni eee
Mahal udaas aur galiyaan aan
sooni eee
Mahal udaa…aas aur galiyaan aaan sooni eeeee
Mahal udaaaaas
Mahal udaaaaas re…
Ea… ea Mahal udaaaaas………s
Mahal udaaaaas
aur galiyaan so………….oni eeeeeeeee
Mahal udaaaas aur galiyaan sooni eee
Mahal udaaaas aur galiyaan sooni eee
Chup chup hain deewaarien ean
Dil kya ujdaa
Duniyaa ujdi ee
Rootth gayee hain bahaarien
Ham jeewan kaise guzaarien
Ho ooo
Mandir girtaa phir ban jaata aa aaa
Dil ko kaun sambhaale ae oo
Duniya ke rakhwaale
Sun dard bhare mere naale
Sun dard bhare mere naale
O Duniya ke rakhwaale ae
Rakhwaale ae ae ae
Rakhwaale ae ae ae
Rakhwaale ae ae ae ae

So many benchmarks and such milestones, no one has set them better than Rafi sahab. The way he touched the lives of each and every urdu/hindi listeners heart and minds, is unmatched and unprecedented, never to be repeated in human civilization. His voice breached the boundaries of languages and cultures too. And his fans following seems to increase over the decades.

His contribution towards the cohesion and integration of the post independent and partitioned India, is unaccountable. No one can even begin to count and record, how many hearts, his voice and his renditions of patriotic songs, religious songs of different belief systems touched. It is no less than what is the contribution of Lata Mangeshkar of Sachin Tendulkar towards the Indian national identity and our ability to hold our head high in front of the world as Indians. There were visionaries, far sighted leaders that gave direction to this country and it was a recognition of Rafi sahab’s calibre and his potential as a voice, to which the nation could relate to and identify, that made Nehru invite Rafi sahab to sing the song “Bapu ki amar kahaani’ at a time of such national turmoil.

He was the voice of pathos, the hope of values, the epitome of ‘watan parasti’, a cultural mixture of a binary, where he could keep his soul pure and his singing from the heart, in a country, which needed his punjabi large heartedness. And foremost of his qualities, which still oozes out of his resonating voice, singing praises to the hero’s love interest, singing songs of devotion and story-telling, reciting ghazals of classic and modern poets, in his honied sometimes velvety and sometimes silky and yet rustic, when the situation required, is his humbleness, sharaafat and purity of intentions.

During the last one and half year many things have changed in this world. At the peak of these changes, someone thought to make a video of the deserted places of a historical / romantic city of Venice. Its streets canals boats, by-lanes and loggias totally bereft of humans, as a backdrop to Rafi Sahab’s rendition of the final stanza of this iconic song, recorded in a live show. I have seen other live show renditions of the same song, where Rafi Sahab is giving this same unbelievably fantastic performance. The clip was widely shared on whatsapp, where I first saw it. The video is available on youtube, with the title “Mahal udaas aur galiyaan sooni”.

Live show cilps are given below:
Mahal udaas aur galiyaan sooni – live singing
Full song “O duniya ke rakhwaale” live

Both the above renditions and the recording in the doordarshan show, make it clear that, this was definitely a song, which was a regular in the riyaaz list of Rafi sahab. To sing it so consistently with the same dedication and voice for 3 decades is a miracle and yet not a miracle. Also, in the stage shows he is singing this ‘raag darbari’ bhajan maintaining the higher octave through-out, and playing the harmonium at the same time. The special prolonged aria of the last stanza was not part of original film song, but it was made so especially for the live shows on stage. It was the discipline and simplicity, which makes such great artists immortal.

I am giving here a list of some of the iconic songs rendered by Rafi sahab which I find unforgettable.
1. Basti basti parbat parbat gaata jaaye banjara
2. Yeh zindagi ke mele duniya mein kam na honge
3. Ramaiyya wasta waiyya
4. Watan ki raah mein watan ke naujawan shaheed hon
5. Raahi manwa dukh ki chinta kyun sataati hai
6. Zindabaad zindabaad ae muhobbat zindabaad
7. Woh jab yaad aaye bahot yaad aaye
8. Kar chale ham fidaa jaan-o-tan saathiyo
9. Tum jo mil gaye ho to yeh lagtaa hai
10. Na to kaarvaan ki talaash hai
11. Dil ke jharoke mein tujh ko bitthaa kar
12. Nain lad jaiyi hain to manwaa maan kasak hoibe kari
13. Tere mere sapne ab ek rang hain
14. Saathhi na koyi manzil
15. Apni to har aah ek toofan hai
16. Tu ne mera yaad na milaaya
17. Yehan badla wafaa ka bewafaai ke siwa kya hai
18. Tu ganga ki mauj main jamuna ka dhara
19. O duniya ke rakhwale
20. Tu kahan yeh bataa iss nasheeli raat mein
21. Aap ne yaad dilaaya to mujhe yaad aaya
22. Man re tu kaahe na dheer dhare
23. Din dhal jaaye haay raat na jaaye
24. Raha gardishon mein har dam mere ishq ka
25. Baar baar dekho hazaar baar dekho
26. Jiya ho jiya ho jiya kuchh bol do
27. Sar jo teraa chakraaye ya dil dooba jaaye
28. Jinhen naaz hai hind par wo kahaan hain
29. Bichhde sabhi baari baari
30. Chaudhvin ka chaan ho ya aaftaab ho
31. Zindagi bhar nahin bhoolegi wo barsaar ki raat
32. Heuy hain tum pe aashiq ham bhala maano buraa maano
33. Teri zulfon se judaayi to nahin maangi thhi
34. Apni to har aah ek toofan hai
35. Dil ki aawaaz bhi sun mere fasaane pe na jaa
36. Ehsaan tera hogaa mujh par dil chahta hai woh
37. Tum mujhe yoon bhulaa na paaoge
38. Aanchal mein sajaa lenaa kaliyaan zulfon mein sitaare bhar lenaa
39. Taarif karun kya uss ki jis ne tujhe banaaya
40. Nafrat ki duniyaa ko chhod ke pyaar ki duniya mein
41. Kya huaa teraa wadaa woh qasam woh iraada
42. Dar-e-dil dard-e-jigar dil mein jagaaya aap ne
43. Sukh ke sab saathhi dukh mein na koyi
44. Bichhde sabhi baari baari
45. Hai agar dushman dushman zamaana gham nahin
46. Chura liya hai tum ne jo dil ko
47. O haseena zulfon waali jaan-e-jahan
48. Kahaaniyan sunaati hai pawan aati jaati
49. Mera man teraa pyaasa mera man teraa
50. Badi door se aaye hain pyar ka tohfa laaye hain
51. Teri bindiya re aaye haaye teri bindiyaa re
52. Bahaaron phool barsaao mera mehboob aaya hai
53. Jo waada kiyaa wo nibhaana padegaa
54. Aap ke pehloo mein aa kar ro diye
55. Chalo dildaar chalo chaand ke paar chalo
56. Baabul ki duaaen leti jaa jaa tujh ko sukhi sansaar mile
57. Ye des hai veer jawaanon ka albelon ka mastaaon ka
58. Maan mera ehsaan ari naadaan ke main ne tujh se kiya hai pyaar
59. Deewaane hain deewanon ko na dar chahiye
60. Chaahunga main tujhe saanjh savere
61. Koyi jab raah na paaye mere sang aaye
62. Mere dost qissa yeh kya hogayaa
63. Suhaani raat dhal chuki
64. Huye ham jin ke liye barbaad woh ham ko chaahe karenna yaad
65. Meri kahaani bhoolne waale tera jahan aabaad rahe
66. Ek dil ke tukde hazaar huey koyi yehan gira koyi wahan gira
67. Apni aazaadi ko ham hargiz mitaa sakte nahin
68. Sarfroshi ki tamanna ab hamaare dil mein hai
69. Ho ke majboor mujhe uss ne bhulaaya hogaa
70. Rut hai milan ki saathhi mere aa re
71. Tum bin jaaun kahaan ke duniya mein aa ke
72. Patthar ke sanam tujhe ham ne muhobbat ka khudaa jaana
73. Tere bina soone sayan hamaare
74. Chale thhe saathh mil ke chalenge saathh mil ke
75. Aawaaz de ke hamen tum bulaao
76. Aisa mauqa phir kahan milegaa hamaare jaisa dil kahan milegaa
77. Banda parwar thaam lo jigar ban ke pyaar phir aaya hoon
78. Hai duniyaa ussi ki zamaana ussi ka mohobbat mein jo ho gaya ho kisi ka
79. Chhupne waale saamne aa chhup chhup ke mera jee na jalaa
80. Mere mehboob tujhe meri muhobbat ki qasam
81. Khoya khoya chaand khula aasmaan
82. Main zindagi ka saath nibhaata chala gayaa
83. Zara saamne to aao chhaliye chhup chhup chhalne mein kya
84. Kaali ghataa chhaayi prem rut aaye aayi aayi aayi aayi teri yaad aayi
85. Tasveer teri dil mein jis din se utaari hai
86. Chhup gaye saare nazaare oye kya baat ho gayi
87. Jo unn ki tamanna hai barbaad ho jaa
88. Tu hindu banegaa na musalmaan banegaa
89. Ek thha gul aur ek thhi bulbul
90. Dil mein chhupa ke pyar ka toofan le chale
91. Aaj mausam badaa beimaan hai badaa
92. Muhobbat kar ko jee bhar lo aji kis ne roka hai
93. Sun sun sun sun zaalimaa pyar ham ko tum se hogayaa
94. Insaaf ka mandir hai yeh bhagwaan ka ghar hai
95. Rim zhim ke geet saawan gaaye haaye bheegi bheegi raaton mein
96. Dil jo na keh sakaa wohi raaz-e-dil kehne ki raat aayi
97. Ae ji dil par huaa aisa jadoo tabiyat machal machal gayi
98. Udhar tum haseen ho idhar dil jawaan hai
99. Kahaan jaa raha hai tu ae jaane waale
100. Jab bhi yeh dil udaas hota hai jaane kaun aas paas hotaa hai
101. O door ke musaafir ham ko bhi saathh le le re
102. Duniya na bhaaye mohe ab to bulaa le charonon mein
103. Ae dil hai mushkil jeena yehaan zara hat ke zara bach ke yeh hai bambai meri jaan

I have missed scores of my personal favourites in the above list. For example, I have mentioned very few duets and few group songs.

The song I am presenting on this memorial day is from the 1946 film Sona Chandi. Tufail Faarooqui is the music director and Wali Sahab. This is a duet with Shamshad Begum having some conversation and the words in English “I am sorry”. This reminds me of an “once upon a time” famous quote; Angez chale gaye, yeh sorry aur thank you chhod gaye. Quite contrary to this saying, I found on my visit to UK, that the British never left it here, they gifted the etiquette’s (a legacy) to us and continued to make them their ‘takiya kalaam’.

It is true, the denizens of the old blighty are so polite that these words keep falling from their lips, what ever is the situation or occasion. They have kept quite and listened to Shashi Tharoor making those demands. I have every hope that the apology is a given. It’s taking its time, but it should be on the way. More on this topic in another post, as here we have a birthday event to celebrate.

This is short and sweet duet song with the nok-jhonk, which became more prevalent in the 60’s songs. But this is a 40’s song, making clear, the potential of a powerful voice which was to become a backbone of future playback singing.

My list of iconic Rafi songs is incomplete, so the readers and commentators can help me complete the list.


Song-Baithhe hain tere dar pe (Sona Chaandi)(1946) Singers-Rafi, Shamshad Begam, Lyrics-Wali Sahab, MD-Tufail Farooqui
Both

Lyrics

Baithhe hain
tere dar pe
kuchh kar ke uthhenge ae
police uthhaayegi yaa ham
mar ke uthhenge
ya ham
mar ke uthhenge
ya ham
mar ke uthhenge

(knock knock)
Kya hai
Zara didi ko bulaao
Achchha
!

Didi
Woh majnu aaye hain

Arey keh do ham ghar pe nahin hain
Achchha…

Wo kehte hain
ham ghar pe nahin hain

Achchha, yeh baat hai.
Haan haan, yahi baat hai

Teri deewaar pe
Teri deewaar pe
Hasrat ki nazar karte hain
Teri deewaar pe
Hasrat ki nazar karte hain
Khush raho ehl-e-watan
Ham to safar karte hain
Khush raho ehl-e-watan
Ham to safar karte hain

Tumhen kya ho gaya kya pyaare
Tumhen kya ho gaya kya pyaare

Dil ki raftaar balaa ho gayaa
I am sorry
Dil ki raftaar balaa ho gayaa
I am sorry
baithhe bithhlaaye ye kya ho gayaa
I am sorry
baithhe bithhlaaye ye kya ho gayaa
I am sorry

Ee ee ee
Main ne to
Aankh machauli hi kari
Thhee eee lekin
Khwaa-ma-khwaa mujh pe fidaa ho gayaa

I am sorry
Khwaa-ma-khwaa mujh pe fidaa ho gayaa
I am sorry
Khwaa-ma-khwaa mujh pe fidaa hogayaa
I am sorry

Haa aaaan
Teri nazron ne kiyaa
Mujh pe yoon kaalaa
haa…aan jaadoo oo
Aadmi se tu gadhaa ho gayaa
I am sorry
Aadmi se tu gadhaa ho gayaa
I am sorry
Aadmi se tu gadhaa ho gayaa
I am sorry

Tere chehre pe
?? huaa jaata hai
Tere chehre pe
?? huaa jaata hai

Jaise ke ghat ke diya
Jaise ke ghat ke diya
ho gaya
I am sorry
Jaise ke ghat ke diya ho gaya
I am sorry eee eeee


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4879 Post No. : 16675

Songs from Artiste Name Films….Second Season….No. 2
———————————————————————

Sulochana (Ruby Meyers), Zubeida, Prithviraj Kapoor, Devika Rani, K L Saigal…. These are some names which can be called as the artistes who shaped the early Talkie cinema and gave it an identity. Great filmmakers like Baburao Painter, Ardeshir Irani, B N Sircar; directors like V Shantaram, Master Vinayak, Debki Bose and Music Directors like R C Boral, Pankaj Mullik, Shankarrao Vyas, Govindrao Tembe etc were people who contributed to early cinema, developed the next generation and experimented in the film making.

While enough information about them and their contribution is available, it is not in circulation, because people who would have been interested to know about them are diminishing. Except for hard core lovers of old films and students of early cinema, hardly anyone shows interest in discussing these artistes’ lives and careers.

Through this series,I will attempt to portray their contributions to Indian cinema and give a nostalgic feeling to old film lovers.

Prithviraj Kapoor is called the head of the First family of Hindi cinema, because his family, through several generations, has been in this field for almost a Century – considering that Prithviraj began his acting career in the 20’s decade of the last century. He made his film debut in 1928 with the silent film ” Be Dhaari Talwar” (Double edged sword), made by the Imperial Film Company, Bombay.

Prithviraj Kapoor was very handsome with a good physique and personality. He was a thorough gentleman and a good friend. His interest in stage was more than in films. Today’s song is from the film ” Prithviraj Sanyogita “-1946, made by Shalimar Pictures, owned by W.Z.Ahmed, husband of the Heroine of the film-Neena. The film was directed by Najmul Hasan Naqvi. The music was by S.K.Pal, the in-house Music Director of Shalimar. The cast was Prithviraj Kapoor, Neena, Tiwari, Bharat Vyas, Ram Avtar, Uma Dutt etc etc. The film was released on 17-5-1946 at Lamington Cinema in Bombay.

The story of the love affair of Prithviraj Chauhan and Sanyogita is a glorious chapter in Indian History. The story of their love as depicted in the film was…

Prithviraj Chauhan ( 1149-1192) was the king of the Chauhan dynasty whose rule extended to parts of present day Rajasthan, Haryana, Delhi and some parts of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. He is also hailed as the last Rajput king to rule Delhi before the Muslim conquest of the Indian subcontinent. Prithviraj was a valiant king and his glory surged to new heights after he defeated Muhammad Ghori, the Sultan of Ghurid Empire (present day Afghanistan) in the first battle of Tarain. Legend has it that Ghori attacked Delhi 17 times, and was defeated 16 times at the hands of Prithviraj Chauhan and his army.

Soon enough, the heroic tales of Prithviraj’s valour reached the ears of Sanyogita, the daughter of Kannauj king, Jayachand. But before love could flourish between the two, the relationship between Jayachand and Prithviraj Chauhan was strained. Jayachand wanted to assert his supremacy over the other Rajput kings and hence decided to do a Rajsuya Yagya. Prithviraj, however, refused to accept Jayachand’s supremacy and this marked the beginning of their enmity. But while Jayachand was enraged by Prithiviraj’s refusal to accept him as the supreme king, his daughter Sanyogita was smitten. She had heard about Chauhan’s heroic expeditions and was absolutely in love with him.

According to legend, they fell in love when a painter from Prithviraj’s court, Panna Ray, visited Kannauj and showed his painting of the king to the princess. The same painter, upon returning, painted Sanyogita’s portrait and showed it to Prithviraj. Needless to say, he too was smitten by her beauty.

At this time, Jayachand decided to arrange a swayamvara for his daughter. He sent an invite to all the kings except Prithiviraj. To add to the insult, he got a statue of Prithviraj made and installed it as a doorman. But Sanyogita had already given her heart to him. When she came to know that he wasn’t even invited to the swayamvara, she was devastated and wrote him a letter expressing her desire to marry him. To this, Prithviraj promised her that he would come to the swayamvara.

On the day of the swayamvara, Sanyogita walked past all the kings and princes, rejecting each one of them, and finally reaching the statue. At that moment, Chauhan, who was hiding until then, came out and Sanyogita put the garland around his neck. Prithviraj Chauhan then openly challenged Jayachand to stop him from taking his wife. This made Jayachand shake with rage at the insult in front of a huge gathering of kings and princes.

That day, thousands of soldiers laid their lives to make sure that Prithviraj Chauhan escaped safely from Kannauj, with his newly-wedded wife Sanyogita.

Jayachand was raging with anger and he wanted to take revenge. So, he formed an alliance with Muhammad Ghori, whom Prithviraj had previously defeated 16 times, and extended his support to Ghori’s army to attack Delhi. When Ghori’s army attacked this time, Prithiviraj lost the war and Ghori captured him. Legend has it that Chauhan had begun to ignore state affairs after his marriage to Sanyogita.

Chauhan was defeated, but he refused to bow his head in front of the Sultan. So, Ghori’s soldiers blinded him, using hot iron rods. Seeing his king helpless and in pain, Bardai – the court poet – who had been accompanying Prithviraj in the war, tricked the Sultan into organising an archery performance by Prithviraj Chauhan. Apparently, Prithviraj could hit a target with just his sense of sound.

An archery competition was held and Bardai subtly told his blind king about the exact place where the Sultan was standing. He said:(Translation: Sultan is sitting four measures ahead of you and twenty four yards away when measured with eight fingers. Don’t miss your target, Chauhan).

When Muhammad Ghori ordered the blind king to shoot, Prithviraj took aim based on Bardai’s hints and shot the arrow at him. He didn’t miss his target and Muhammad Ghori was killed. The court-poet then stabbed Prithviraj and himself to avoid further humiliation at the hands of Ghori’s soldiers. (Thanks to whoopscoop).

Now let us know more about Prithviraj Kapoor, because he last acted exactly 50 years ago. Almost 2 Generations have gone after that and so most readers may not be knowing much about his life, work and career in Indian Cinema. Prithviraj Kapoor (born Prithvinath Kapoor; 3 November 1906 – 29 May 1972) was an actor, film producer, writer, and film director, who is also considered to be one of the founding figures of Hindi cinema. He was associated with IPTA as one of its founding members and established the Prithvi Theatres in 1944 as a travelling theatre company based in Bombay.

He was the patriarch of the Kapoor family of Hindi films, four generations of which, beginning with him, have played active roles in the Hindi film industry, with the youngest generation still active in Bollywood. His father, Basheshwar Nath Kapoor, also played a short role in his movie Awara. The Government of India honoured him with the Padma Bhushan in 1969 and the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1971 for his contributions towards Indian cinema.

Kapoor was born on November 3, 1906 in Samundri, Lyallpur District, Punjab into a Punjabi Hindu Khatri family.His father, Basheshwarnath Kapoor, served as a police officer in the Indian Imperial Police in the city of Peshawar, North West Frontier Province while his grandfather, Keshavmal Kapoor, was a Tehsildar in Samundri.Kapoor’s childhood was largely spent in Lyallpur, Punjab, where his grandparents and extended family lived. Later, his father was transferred to Peshawar, North West Frontier Province, and after and later at Edwardes College Peshawar in Peshawar.

Kapoor began his acting career in the theatres of Lyallpur and Peshawar. In 1928, he moved to Bombay, Bombay Presidency with a loan from an aunt. There he joined the Imperial Films Company and started acting in minor roles in movies. In 1928, he made his acting debut as an extra in his first film, Be Dhari Talwar. He went on to earn a lead role in his third film, titled Cinema Girl, which was released in 1929. After featuring in nine silent films, including Be Dhari Talwar, Cinema Girl, Sher-e-Arab and Prince Vijaykumar, Kapoor did a supporting role in India’s first film talkie, Alam Ara (1931).

In 1931 his two sons died accidentally. He left films and joined Grant Anderson Theatre company. In 1932 when they were at Calcutta, on tour, the company closed down and Kapoor decided to try luck in Calcutta. He joined New Theatres and acted in more than 12 films. He became friends with K N Singh and Kidar Sharma as well as K L Saigal. In 1939, he realised that Bengalees were preferred for roles, he left Calcutta and came back to Bombay joining Ranjit. After sometime he became a Freelancer and worked in films of Minerva, Prakash, Wadia and with Shantaram. He did Historical, Mythological, Social and Stunt films equally. After Raj Kapoor became a producer and director he acted in his films. He developed a reputation as a very fine and versatile actor on both stage and screen.

By 1944, Kapoor had the wherewithal and standing to found his own theatre group, Prithvi Theatres, whose première performance was Kalidasa’s Abhijñānaśākuntalam in 1942. His eldest son, Raj Kapoor, by 1946, had struck out on his own; the films he produced had been successful and this was also an enabling factor. Prithviraj invested in Prithvi Theatres, which staged memorable productions across India. The plays were highly influential and inspired young people to participate in the Indian independence movement and the Quit India Movement. In over 16 years of existence, the theatre staged some 2,662 performances. Prithviraj starred as the lead actor in every single show. One of his popular plays was called Pathan (1947), which was performed on stage nearly 600 times in Mumbai. It opened on 13 April 1947, and is a story of a Muslim and his Hindu friend.

As Kapoor progressed into the 50s, he gradually ceased theatre activities and accepted occasional offers from film-makers, including his own sons. He appeared with his son Raj in the 1951 film Awara as a stern judge who had thrown his own wife out of his house. Later, under his son, Shashi Kapoor, and daughter in law Jennifer Kendal, Prithvi Theatre merged with the Indian Shakespeare theatre company, “Shakespeareana”, and the company got a permanent home, with the inauguration of the Prithvi Theatre in Mumbai on 5 November 1978.

In 1996, the Golden Jubilee year of the founding of Prithvi Theatre, India Post, issued a special two Rupee commemorative postage stamp. It featured the logo of the theatre, the dates 1945–1995, and an image of Kapoor. The first day cover, (stamped 15-1-95), showed an illustration of a performance of a travelling theatre in progress, on a stage that seems fit for a travelling theatre, as Prithvi theatre was for sixteen years, till 1960. On the occasion of 100 years of the Indian cinema, another postage stamp, bearing his likeness, was released by India Post on 3 May 2013.

His filmography of this period includes Mughal-e-Azam (1960), where he gave his most memorable performance as the Mughal emperor Akbar, Harishchandra Taramati (1963) in which he played the lead role, an unforgettable performance as Porus in Sikandar-e-Azam (1965), and the stentorian grandfather in Kal Aaj Aur Kal (1971), in which he appeared with his son Raj Kapoor and grandson Randhir Kapoor. He did 95 films in Hindi. He directed one film Paisa-1957. He had also sung a song in the film Dagabaz Ashiq-1932.Kapoor starred in the legendary Punjabi film Nanak Naam Jahaz Hai (1969), a film so revered in Punjab that there were lines many kilometres long to purchase tickets.
He also starred in the Punjabi films Nanak Dukhiya Sab Sansar (1970) and Mele Mittran De (1972).

He also acted in the Kannada movie Sakshatkara (1971), directed by Kannada director Puttanna Kanagal. He acted as Rajkumar’s father in that movie.

In 1954, he was awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship, and in 1969, the Padma Bhushan by the Government of India. He remained a Nominated Rajya Sabha Member for eight years.

He was posthumously awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award for the year 1971. He was the third recipient of that award, the highest accolade in Indian cinema.

1954: Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship by the Sangeet Natak Akademi
1956: Sangeet Natak Akademi Award by the Sangeet Natak Akademi
1969: Padma Bhushan by the Government of India
1972: Dadasaheb Phalke Award (Posthumous) for the year 1971, for his immense contribution to Indian theatre and cinema
Kapoor was aged 17 when he was married to the 15-year-old Ramsarni Mehra, a lady of his own community and similar background, in a match arranged by their parents in the usual Indian way. The marriage was harmonious and conventional and lasted all their lives. In fact, the wedding had been held even earlier, a few years prior to this, and it was the gauna ceremony (farewell) which was celebrated when Ramsarni reached the age of 15 and became old enough to leave her parents and reside with her husband and in-laws. Ramsarni’s brother, Jugal Kishore Mehra, would later enter films.

The couple’s eldest child, Raj Kapoor, was born the following year in Peshawar, North West Frontier Province, on 14th December, 1924; making Prithviraj a father at age 18. The couple went on to have three more children: sons Shamsher Raj (Shammi) and Balbir Raj (Shashi) (who were to become famous actors and filmmakers in their own right), and daughter, Urmila Sial.

After his retirement, Prithviraj settled in a cottage called Prithvi Jhonpra near Juhu Beach, West Bombay. The property was on lease, which was bought by Shashi Kapoor, and later converted into a small, experimental theatre, the Prithvi Theatre. Both Prithviraj and Ramsarni had cancer and died about a fortnight apart. Prithviraj died on 29 May 1972. (Thanks to information from wiki and the book Beete kal ke sitare by shriram Tamrakar).

Here is a good song by Sitara Kanpuri from the film Prithviraj Sanyogita-1946. Enjoy….


Song-Sundar sapna ban ke aali (Prithviraj Sanyukta)(1946) Singer- Sitara Kanpuri, Lyricist- Akhtar-ul-Iman, MD- S K Pal

Lyrics

Sundar sapna ban ke aali
ban ke aali
Sundar sapna ban ke aali
ban ke aali
nainan mein kaun samaaya
kaun samaaya
ye kaun samaaya
kaun samaaya
ye kaun samaaya
Sundar sapna ban ke aali
ban ke aali
nainan mein kaun samaaya

har umang mein
har tarang mein
har umang mein
har tarang mein
phool paat mein
rang rang mein
rom rom mein
ang ang mein
rom rom mein
ang ang mein
ek hi ko paaya
kaun samaaya
Sundar sapna ban ke aali
ban ke aali
nainan mein kaun samaaya

man matwaara aashaaon ki god mein
god mein aen
jhoola jhoolen
jhoola jhoolen
palchhin paayen sang usi ko
uski baat na bhoolen aen
uski baat na bhoolen aen
kuchh soch soch kar phoolen
kuchh soch soch kar phoolen
ye kaisa rang jamaaya aa aa aa
kaun samaaya
Sundar sapna ban ke aali
ban ke aali
nainan mein kaun samaaya

meethhi yaad kisi ki
man mein amrit ghol rahi hai
man mein amrit ghol rahi hai
saanson ke taaron se tan ki
veena bol rahi hai
veena bol rahi hai
sab duniya dol rahi hai ae
sab duniya
sab duniya dol rahi hai
ye kaisa jaadoo chhaaya aa aa
kaun samaaya
Sundar sapna ban ke aali
ban ke aali
nainan mein kaun samaaya
kaun samaaya
ye kaun samaaya
kaun samaaya
ye kaun samaaya


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4874 Post No. : 16669

Today’s song is a duet from the film Wamiq Azra-1946.

Ask anyone to name a famous love pair and the answer would be Romeo and Juliet, Laila Majnu or Shirin Farhad. These are all lovebirds from foreign lands. In fact Romeo and Juliet never even existed, they are the fictional char acters from the drama “Romeo and Juliet” written by William Shakespeare in 1597 a.d. Layla-Majnun pair was from Arabia and Shirin and Khusro Farhad were from Persia or Iran. Likewise Wamiq and Azra were also from Persia.

There are several love pairs from our own Indian Mythology and Indian History, but most people do not either know about them or they simply do not remember, till reminded. So much for the knowledge of our own history ! How many of us really know about the love pairs from our Mythology, is a question better left unasked !

The famous Subhadra and Arjun pair, the Uttara- Abhimanyu pair which culminated in the sad end of Abhimanyu, and Usha- Aniruddha are some of the interesting love stories of Mythology. Surprisingly, there seem to be no love stories from Ramayana and all these are from Mahabharat or during the Krishn Avtar. And why not, when Krishna himself had Radha as his Love-mate.

Indian History too is replete with love stories like Jodha-Akbar, Salim- Anarkali, Bajirao -Mastani, Prithviraj-Sanyogita, Amrapali-Bimbisara, Mumal- Mahendra, Amaravati- Ambikapathy (Tamilnad) etc.etc.

In addition there are the Folk Love stories of India. India is a unique country in the world. ” Vividhata mein ekta” (विविधता में एकता ). A country which has 28 states and 9 UTs, 22 languages mentioned in its Constitution, 30 languages spoken by 30 lakh people each, 122 languages spoken by more than 10000 people each and 1652 languages spoken in all the country. So many religions are living amicably for thousands of years and still the country is ONE unit, when the Nation needs it. Proving all the Pundits of the world saying that India will break into pieces after independence, we are stronger and more developed by the day. So, what is the secret ?

The secret is its Culture, which keeps all faiths and languages bound together. In India, Culture is greater than and a bigger influence than individual religions. The flexibility, adaptability and readiness to make changes by the majority section, is the secret. This makes India the biggest Democracy in the world today. The entire world looks up to us as a final Saviour.

Culture and Folklore have bound Indians together. In every state there are its own Folk tales, Folk Dances and Folk Music. Still, some common Folklore is famous all over the country. Though every region has its own Folklores, Lovers’ Folk lore from Punjab and Sind have been traditionally well known throughout India, e.g. Heer-Ranjha or Sohni-Mahiwal etc etc. Our films have a great contribution in keeping the country United and Together,despite calamities and aggressions. Some of the Folk tales of Love from Punjab and Sindh became well known due to films made on them.

There are 9 Tragic Love stories from Punjab and Sindh,in which both the lovers die without getting united. These 9 Love stories are-
Mirza-Sahiban
Heer – Ranjha
Sassi-Punnu
Momal-Rano
Umar-marvi
Sohni-Mahiwal
Lila-Chanesar
Noorie-Tamchi
Dhaj-Rorkumar (Unlike most pairs,in Mirza Sahiban,the Male name comes First !)
Dhola-Maaru (a story from Rajasthan).

Indian film producers have helped spread these Immortal Love stories by making movies on them,as under-
Heer-Ranjha… Films made in 1931,32,48 and 1970
Mirza-Sahiban… In 1933,35,47 and 1957
Sassi-Punnu… In 1932,33 and 1946
Sohni-Mahiwal…In 1933,46,58 and 1984
Umar-Marvi…in 1942
Noorie-Tamchi…In 1934
Dhola-Maaru….1956

Film Wamiq Azra-1946 was made by Hind Pictures, Bombay. It was owned by actor, Director Nazir Ahmed khan who was a very enterprising and capable, multi faceted artiste. He acted in 25 films, from 1933 to 1942, directed 8 films from 1940 to 1947,sang 7 songs in 5 films and even wrote lyrics in filmAabroo-1943. His first wife was Sitara Devi-dancer and actress, who eloped with his nephew-K.Asif. His second wife was Swarnalata-a Siyal Sikh actress. Nazir established his film Studio in Dadar-Hind Pictures. In the riots of 1947, his studio was burnt by a frenzied mob and he stood in a corner watching it burn completely, while he smoked cigarettes. Next week he migrated to Pakistan with wife Swarnalata in tow. He is regarded as the builder and developer of Pakistani Film industry, in the initial stages.

The film was directed by his Cinematographer Nazir Ajmeri. This was his first film as a Director and later he directed Rupa-46, Keemat-46, Majboor-48 and Abida-48, before he too migrated to Pakistan and joined his Mentor Nazir Ahmed khan. The film had music by A.R.Qureshi (29-4-1919 to 3-2-2000). He gave music to 40 films composing 356 songs and singing 14 songs in 7 films. By 1958 he left films and concentrated on his speciality- Tabla, holding concerts all over the world. He became very famous with his real name All Rakha Khan. His son Zakir Hussain is also an internationally famous Tabla Nawaz.

The songs of this film were written by Lyricist Tanvir Naqvi. Tanvir Naqvi ( real name- Syed Khursheed Ali ) was born on 16th February 1919, at Lahore. His father was a Jahagirdar and elder brother was ADC to a Nawab. Tanvir went to Persia, along with father, where he was educated in Urdu and Persian. From the age of 14 years, he started writing poetry and participated in various Mushairas. He published a book ” Suhane Sapne ‘ of his poetry. By chance, A R Kardar read it and called Tanvir to Bombay to write for his film ‘ Swami’-41 made by CIRCO.

In his next film, Nai Duniya-42, Suraiya sang his song as her First song. His films Anmol Ghadi-46 and Jugnu-47 became hits and all his songs were appreciated much. He had earned a good name. However, after the film Parda-49, he migrated to Pakistan. In 1954, K.Asif invited him to India to write songs for his film ‘Mughal E Azam’, but by that time, Naushad had built his own team and he declined to take Tanvir Naqvi. From 1954 to 1959, Tanvir did many films. He also joined S.Mohinder and wrote songs for his 7 films.

In 1959, Tanvir Naqvi shifted again to Pakistan, but this time for good. There also, he wrote for many films,like Koel, Jhoomar, Salma, Gulfam,Elaan etc etc. He also wrote for Punjabi films. He had married Idaan- elder sister of actress singer Nurjehan. However,since he had no children from her, he married again and had 2 children. He died in Lahore on 1-11-1972. In India, he wrote 224 songs for 48 films. Some of his songs are popular even today.

Today’s song is sung by A.R.Qureshi and Naseem Akhtar.


Song-Do hi lafzon ka thha ye afsaana (Wamiq Azra)(1946) Singers-A R Qureshi, Naseem Akhtar, Lyrics-Tanveer Naqvi, MD-A R Qureshy

Lyrics

Do hi lafzon ka thha ye afsaana
jo suna par khaamosh ho baithhe ae
ik ada ye ke tumko paaya thha aa
phir kaha ye ki tujhko kho baithhe

bhala koi kyun kar tumhen bhool jaaye
bhala koi kyun kar tumhe bhool jaaye ae ae ae ae
bhulaane se tum aur bhi yaad aaye
bhulaane se tum aur bhi yaad aaye

na socha na samjha
na dekha na bhaala aa
na socha na samjha
na dekha na bhaala
chale aaye hum tujhpe duniyaa lutaaye
chale aaye hum tujhpe duniyaa lutaaye

na maano
magar jab se tumse juda hain
na maano
magar jab se tumse juda hain
tumhaari kasam
hum nahin muskuraaye
tumhari kasam
hum nahin muskuraaye
bhala koi kyun kar tumhen bhool jaaye
bhala koi kyun kar tumhen bhool jaaye
ae ae ae ae
bhulaane se tum aur bhi yaad aaye
bhulaane se tum aur bhi yaad aaye


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over THIRTEEN years. This blog has over 16900 song posts by now.

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