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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Biography of lyricist’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3696 Post No. : 14613

Today’s song is from film Shakuntala-43. It was the first film made by V.Shantaram, in his newly established own studio Rajkamal Kalamandir Ltd. This name was made by combining the first few letters of his parents- RAJaram and KAMALabai Vankudre. The studio was set up in 1942 and the first film was made almost immediately with Shantaram’s second wife, Jayashree as the Heroine opposite Chandramohan- the (actually) Blue Eyed boy of Shantaram.

The year 1942 was an eventful and Milestone year for Hindi film industry.

It was in 1942 that a splinter group from Bombay Talkies, led by S Mukherjee, separated and established their own Filmistan Studio.
Abdul Rasheed Kardar started his own Kardar Studios, after working for many famous film makers of Bombay and Calcutta.
Leaving Prabhat Films, with select associates like brother V.Awadhoot (cinematographer), Vasant Desai and few others, Shantaram started his own studio-Rajkamal Kalamandir.

Mehboob Khan left National studios( earlier Sagar movietone) and established his own Mehboob Studios, with the famous Sicle and Hammer on its Logo.

Homi Wadia left Wadia Movietone ,along with fearless Nadia, and started his own Basant pictures.

Begum Akhtar made her rare appearance in film Roti-42.

Muqabala-42 was the ffirst film with many Trick scenes and double role of Fearless Nadia,speaking shudh Hindi in one character and donning Saree with bangles, kumkum etc.

Bharat Milap was the first film in which Prem Adib and Shobhana Samarth played the roles of Ram and Seeta. Later they created history with film Ramrajya-43 in the same roles.

Madhubala debuted as Baby Mumtaz in Basant-42.

This splurge of activities in 1942 and its roll over effect flooded the next year 1943 with ” ek se badhkar ek ” films from the new establishments, competing with the established ones. Films like Aabroo from Hind Pictures of Nazeer Ahmed, Adab Arz by Amar pictures of Virendra Desai (ex Sagar), Kanan Devi’s Hospital, Hamari Baat and Kismat from Bombay Talkies, Kanoon and Namaste by Kardar, Hunterwali ki beti and Mouj from Basant pictures, Andhera, Bansari, Gauri and Nurse from Ranjit, First film Najma by Mehboob studios, Panghat and Ramrajya by Prakash, Poonji from Pancholi of Lahore,Prithvi wallabh by Minerva and the biggest grosser Shakuntala from Rajkamal made the year 1943 a memorable year indeed. In addition other films from Circo, Mohan, Murali and many other production houses too joined in.
Out of all this, Shakuntala ran for 104 weeks and it was the First film shown in USA also. The success reassured Shantaram about his decision to go alone. He started with new vigour.

film Shakuntala had a cast of Jayashree ( Shantaram’s second wife), Chandramohan,Kumar Ganesh, Ratan Piya, Nana Palshikar, Shantarin etc etc. The songs were written by Dewan Sharar and Ratan Piya. The music was given by Vasant Desai. This was his first film with Shantaram. He went on to give music to several films from Rajkamal, like Parbat pe apna dera-44, Dr. Kotnis ki amar kahani-46, Matwala Shayar Ram Joshi-47 ( Amar Bhoopali-50, Marathi), Dahej-50, Surang-53, J.J.Payal Baje-55, Do ankhe bara haath-57 and Ladki Sahyadri ki-66.

Sharar had adapted the story from the original ” अभिज्ञान शाकुंतल by Mahakavi Kalidas ” written in the 3rd century. He wrote the story, dialogues and Lyrics also. This was Sharar’s first film with Shantaram . Their association continued for some more films like, Parbat pe apna dera-44, Dr. Kotnis ki amar kahani-46, Apna Desh-49, Teen batti char Raasta-53 and J.J. Payal baje-55.

Dewan Sharar also acted in 8 films and wrote 62 songs in 12 films.

Hindi film industry has seen uneducated, educated and talented artistes in various fields like acting, direction,production, cinematography, story and dialogue writing, Lyricists,composers etc etc. It has also seen successful artistes leaving films and shining somewhere else on their merits like, Shashi kapoor-sr, S D Batish, Lyricist Moti,B.A. etc etc. However , there is only one example where the artiste had an extraordinary success in totally unrelated fields, was a distinguished author and an acknowledged scholar BEFORE joining the film industry . He is Dewan Sharar. Not much has been written about him so far. Here is something about him.

Dewan was not his first name. It was a Title used as a prefix. He came from a family which had served as Dewans in many states traditionally in few generations. His name was Atmanand Sharar. He was born (1899-1969) in Multan in erstwhile Punjab. From 1929 to 1942, he travelled in many countries. He is credited with editing the Magazine, ” Shabistan “, the first Urdu cinema paper in India. He worked as a Publicist for the League of Nations in Geneva, Switzerland. He edited a leading weekly ” Great Britain and the East ” for 3 years He regularly contributed to British and American press. He was the first Indian whose 4 plays were broadcast over BBC. From 1937 to 1940, he was in charge of the cataloguing of Urdu books and Manuscripts in India House at London. He published many books like’ Indian Folklore’, ‘ In the garden of Peacocks’, ‘ East meets West’ and ‘ Gong of Shiva’. The last one was translated in many languages of Europe. Hindi film ‘ Ishara’-43 was based on this novel. He also wrote the story of Himanshu Roy’s film ” Karma”-33- first English film by an Indian. The film credits start with his name First.

This is what South Asian Cinema Faculty of U.K.said about him, “Film and stage actor, writer of English novels, short stories, stage and radio plays, “Eastern Adviser” to British-Gaumont films in London and Urdu poet. He also contributed prominently to Indian cinema as a producer, character actor and a story and dialogue writer. Born in Multan, Dewan Atmanand Sharar (1899-1969) came from a family that had served as Dewans or Ministers in Indian princely states. After graduating from Punjab’s prestigious Government College, Lahore, he established an impressive repertory company in 1919 and presented several Hindustani plays and mushairas in various urban centres. In 1929, he set up a film-producing and distribution company and began to edit Shabistan,reputedly the first Urdu cinema paper in India.
In 1933, Dewan Sharar moved to London for the completion and launch of Himansu Rai’s Indo-British film, Karma (1933) ofwhich he was the storywriter. It was completed in England by Indian & British Film Productions with J.L. Freer Hunt as the director and Thorold Dickinson as editor. Sharar also produced and acted in Nagin ki Rani, the Hindustani version of Karma. While in London, many of his English short stories on Indian life appeared in mainstream newspapers in the UK and overseas. A major London publishing firm, George G. Harrap & Co., published two of his English works: The Gong of Shiva(1935) and Hindu Fairy Tales(1936). His short stories were also published as part of an anthology which included contributions from other famous contemporary writers. He also contributed a number of English radio plays for the BBC.

After returning to India in 1939 just before World War II, he worked for All India Radio Bombay and Delhi. He then joined filmmaker, V. Shantaram and adapted Kalidasa’s Sanskrit classic, Shakuntala for the silver screen in Hindustani. The film was a runaway success and the Sharar-Shantaram combine lasted over a decade winning laurels for both Sharar and Shantaram’s banner, Rajkamal.

In 1943, Ishaara (1943), a film based on Sharar’s English novel The Gong of Shiva catapulted actor Prithviraj Kapoor to stardom. Besides becoming an important pillar of popular Indian cinema, he also started Dewan Sharar Publications in 1963. His descendants include famous Bombay-based Indian film actor Akash Khurana and Nagpur-based businessman turned playwright and theatre actor Vikash Khurana. ”

The other Lyricist of film Shankuntala-43 was a poet with a very romantic name-Ratan Piya. He was born on 5-3-1904 at Lucknow. His father Pt. Madan Mohan was secretary to Motilal Nehru. His father was a theatre lover and so started his own Theatre company at Allahabad. Ratan, after his matriculation started working in it. He was trained to write songs for its dramas. Their company was patronised by the Viceroy, who paid Rs. 20 p.m. as his Patronage !

Ratan debuted as a Lyricist in film Pakke Badmash-1939. For this film, he even wrote an English song. His films were Zaban-43, Mali-44, Umang-44 Nai Baat-47 and Batohi-48. For sustenance, he even acted in few films like, Shakuntala-43, Umang-44, Meena-44, Mahakavi Kalidas-44, Panna Dai-45, Khush Raho-49, Janam Patrika-49 and Begunah-49. After this ratan Piya returned to Allahabad to look after their Theatre when his father died.

Today’s song is sung by Vasant Desai himself. He gave music to 46 films. He acted in 4 films. He sang 13 songs in 9 films. He was often called for giving Background music to films. He gave Background music to 99 films.

( credits- http://www.sacf.co.uk, stagecrafttheatre.com, film directory-48, HFGK, MuVyz, and my notes )


Song-Chali apne ghar ko Shakuntala (Shakuntala)(1943) Singer-Vasant Desai, Lyrics-Dewan Sharar, MD-Vasant Desai

Lyrics

is bargad ko abmain tumhaare palle daal chali
par bahan
hamen kiske palle daal chali ho

hamen kiske palle mein daalegi
sakhi laadli
tu chali
chali
hamen kyon thhi ye ghadi dekhni
chhuta chhutpane ka jo naata thha
chali
chali aashram se shakuntala
chali aashram se shakuntala

??priya
priyamvada
?? mat
chhodo
shakuntala ko dheeraj do

madan
mere nanhe
ab main tujhse juda ho rahi hoon
ghabra nahin
baba teri paalna karenge

gurubaba
apne pyaaron ko vida karne jal tak hi aana thheek hota hai
ab ye jheel ka kinaara aa gaya
hamen aagya de kar
aap aashram ko laut jaayiye

kya
aap sab yahin se laut jaayenge

main tum sabko phir kab dekhoongi

baba se kab miloongi
baba
tapasya seap waise hi duble ho rahe hain
mere jaane se aur dukhi na hona
baba
mere baba

jo hansaati thhi
usey do diye
jise paaya thha
usey kho diye
gale mil ke rona judaai ka
pita putri ki hai yahi vidha
chali

beti
samay ho gaya

chali apne ghar ko shakuntala
ye safar tera path yatra
tujhe chhaaon achchi ghani miley
miley tujh ko chaman khile khile
tujhe peene ko miley ganga jal
path yatra teri ho sufal
chali

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This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

During 1945-47, Hindi film industry went through a difficult phase. The speculative gains made by some businessmen during the period of WWII which were partly chanellised in the film industry, dried up which affected the film production. When the film industry was just recovering from the after effect of WWII, communal riots broke out on the eve of as well as following the partition, affecting film productions at Bombay (Mumbai)whereas Lahore film industry was badly affected as many film financiers and technicians migrated to India.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

This post is 501st post by Sadanand Ji. Due to a tagging error, we all missed the event of 500th post by him (his previous post).

In the early part of the golden era of Hindi film music, there were many films which were box office disasters. These films got released but vanished from the theatres quickly. These films also got ‘erased’ from the memories of the film audience of that time except those who had interest in Hindi film history. Some of such obscure films had the treasures of melodious songs.

If I confine myself to the first half of 1950, I get quite a good numbers such obscure films having melodious songs. Some of such films were ‘Adaa’ (1951, Madan Mohan), ‘Malati Madhav’ (1951, Sudhir Phadke), ‘Ghunghroo’ (1952, C Ramchandra), ‘Nirmohi’ (1952, Madan Mohan), ‘Raag Rang’ (1952, Roshan), ‘Baaghi’ (1953, Madan Mohan), ‘Fareb’ (1953, Anil Biswas), ‘Jhaanjhar’ (1953, C Ramchandra), ‘Chor Baazar’ (1954, Sardar Malik), ‘Naaz’ (1954, Anil Biswas), ‘Rishta’ (1954, K Datta), ‘Garam Coat’ (1955, Amarnath Chawla), ‘Madhur Milan’ (1955, Bulo C Rani) etc. The list is not exhaustive.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

रोक सकता हमें ज़िन्दान-ए-बला क्या मजरूह
हम तो आवाज़ हैं दीवार से छन जाते हैं

Rok sakta hamen zindaan-e-bala kya ‘Majrooh’
Ham to aawaaz hain deewaar se chhan jaate hain.

[Can prison of calamity stop us?
We are the voice which can infiltrate the wall].

This she’r was written by the young Majrooh Sultanpuri probably sometime in the 1940s. Perhaps he was goaded by the idealistic impulses when he was  associated with the Progressive Writers Association (PWA), a left-oriented ideological group.  Nonetheless, for Majrooh Sultanpuri, it has been a quick transformation – from an idealistic poet of PWA  to a lyricist in the film industry.
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This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

In the 1930s and 40s, Hindi film industry attracted many well known poets and writers of Hindi/Urdu. Munshi Premchand joined Ajanta Cinetone and wrote story and screen-play for the film ‘Mazdoor’ (1934) in which he also played a cameo role. Dr Safdar ‘Aah’ Sitapuri, the Urdu poet and writer joined National Studios in 1939 and later Bombay Talkies as screen-play/dialogue writer and lyricist. Later, he also directed two Hindi films. Upendranath ‘Ashq’ joined Filmistan in 1944 as screen-play and dialogue writer. Josh Malihabadi, the Urdu poet joined Shalimar Studio in 1942 as dialogue writer and lyricist. Amritlal Nagar joined the film industry in 1941 as a screen-play/dialogue writer and lyricist. The list is not exhaustive.
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This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Songs to Tickle Your Memory – 23
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

‘Aankhen’ was released in 1950.  Most people remember it for being the debut film of music director Madan Mohan.  Amongst all the wonderful songs that caught the attention of the listeners, there is this lovely melody in the voice of Meena Kapoor, that really steals away your heart – “Mori Atariya Pe Kaaga Bole, Mora Jiya Doley, Koi Aa Rahaa Hai”.  For me, it is this one song that makes this film and its music memorable.  This is one of the two songs that Bharat Vyas wrote for this film.

Remembering Bharat Vyas on the anniversary of his passing away (5th July).
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This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

aaye bahaar ban ke
lubhaa kar chale gaye. . .

These lines would apply to so many artists, especially those whose careers in the industry have been short lived, or curtailed for various reasons.  But whatever is the measure of the duration of their work in the industry, it is their creations that continue to delight us, and keeps the memories alive. Even if it is one song.  And the fun part is the process of discovery that continues.  Some of these lesser known artists ended up working for lesser known banners and films.  Their music would only sometimes make it to the mainstream and popular cinema.  Most of the time they created songs for movies that remained unknown and obscure.  Today, when we dig up such unheard gems, that first encounter is such a charm and a pleasure.

Gopal Bahadur Singh is one such songwriter, whose work mostly remained confined to religious an stunt action films in the 1950s and 60s.  We are more familiar with his pen name – Gopal Singh Nepali or GS Nepali, the poet who gave us the timeless bhajan – “Darshan Do Ghanshyam Nath Mori Ankhiyaan Pyaasi Re” in the film ‘Narsi Bhagat’ (1957).

Remembering GS Nepali on the anniversary of his passing away today (17th April).
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Shyamlal Babu Rai, who wrote endearing gems in the golden era of melody, such as “Bade Armaanon Se Rakha Hai Balam Teri Kasam”, and also popular hits for the new generation in the 1970s, such as “Aap Jaisa Koi Meri Zindagi Mein Aaye, To Baat Ban Jaaye”, had started his career back in the 1946 with two completely obscure and now unknown films – ‘Double Face’ and ‘Jungle Ki Pukaar’.  Information about these films is not easily traceable, and neither have the songs of these films have surfaced so far.

Remembering Indeewar, song writer par excellence, on the anniversary of his passing away today (27th Feb).
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws. This is the 300th article in the blog for Mr Sadanand Kamath.

A man with a spiritual bend of mind would believe that his destiny was pre-planned even before he was born. There are others who believe that they can mold their own destiny. Shailendra was one of those who seemed to have believed that he could be master of his own destiny. That he was a member of Indian People’s Theatre Association (IPTA) indicates what destiny he had chosen for himself. He had taken up the task of awakening the Indian masses on their rights and duties in the background of post-independent India. It was therefore no surprise when he spurned Raj Kapoor of his offer of taking his inspirational song for the film Aag (1948) telling him that his poems were not for sale. However, Raj Kapoor left his address with him in case he had a change of mind.
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This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog.

“Wo Jab Yaad Aaye, Bahut Yaad Aaye”(‘Parasmani’, 1963).
Read more on this topic…


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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 14700 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3700 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

14789

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1153
Total Number of movies covered =4044

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