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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘Bharat Vyas


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3754 Post No. : 14719

Today’s song is the 3rd song from film Oonchi Haveli-55 to be discussed in the Blog. For the last 6-7 months, I have been discussing songs mostly from the decades of the 1930s and the 1940s. The last song from the 1950s that I discussed was on 3-3-2018, which for me was the 5th song from the decade of 1950s in this year. Looking back, I find that I had discussed a song from 1994 also in this year. Good songs, to whatever year they belong to, are my favourites. The only regret is that such songs have become few and far between. Good and meaningful Lyrics is another thing which has become scarce.

Today’s song is sung by Rafi. I strongly believe that God had given at least 10 different voices to this divine singer ! His special voice and style changed to suit the lip syncer on the screen and the song situation. His voice for Dilip Kumar was never the same as one he used for Johnny Walker.

Rafi came from a poor and humble background and had to struggle very hard to enter, sustain and reach the heights in Hindi Film Music. We all know that he came from a poor family but how his early life was spent is not known to many.

Punjab must be proud that two of its sons ruled Hindi cinema music for the first 50 years of its existence, which also happened to be its golden era. initially it was Saigal from 1933 to 1947 and then Mohd. Rafi-as if the baton was handed over by one statemate to another. Both started with humble beginnings and struggled hard to win their places in the History. Saigal, however, had less competition, but then the industry was also smaller. In case of Rafi, the competition was greater, but then the industry had also grown manifolds.

Born into a lower middle class Muslim family belonging to a non descript village in Punjab in 1924, Rafi did not have much education. It was confined to reading and writing in Urdu in Persian script. A little bit of multiplication, and his education was over. In leisure time, Rafi would take his and friends’ cattles for grazing- singing songs all the day.

Rafi did not have exposure to Radio until the beginning of Lahore Radio station in 1937. Of course wealthy people had their gramophones and he would listen to Indubala and Kamla Jharia songs coming from the Havelis and in the Bazaar area. Rafi sang many folk songs.

His father decided to shift to Lahore- 50 miles away, for better earning. Like most Amritsaris, he too was an expert in cooking. He opened a Dhaba and soon did well. Later on he called Rafi to Lahore in 1941 Rafi got a job in a Hair cutting saloon. Whole day he would do people’s shaving, while singing songs. His customers were happy. One day, Programme Director of Lahore A.I.R. Mr. Jeewan lal Mattoo was passing by and he heard Rafi’s singing. Impressed with his enchanting voice, sweetness,range and tonal quality, he shocked Rafi with his offer. Rafi gave his audition next day and passed with flying colours. From March 1943, Mohd.Rafi became a Radio singer, at 35 rupees per song. ( six months later Surinder kaur also joined Lahore Radio).

After hearing his voice on Radio, Music Director Shyam sunder called him to sing in his Punjabi film ” Gul Baloch”. Before coming to Lahore, Rafi was married to his cousin, but his Father in law had told him that his wife will join him only after he starts earning decently. Even after that single song in a film, Rafi continued his shaving job in the saloon. Meanwhile Mr. Mattoo helped him to learn classical music. Also Master Inayat Hussain gave him training. Another teacher was Budh Singh Taan. Noorjehan, Umrao Zia and Zeenat begum were seniors to Rafi in Lahore, but they knew each others. He took training from Bhai Samund Singh and Bhai Santa Singh of local Gurudwaras. Rafi was a saintly person and a true Namazi, doing 5 times Namaz daily.

Rafi’s wife came to him after he became a Radio artiste. He had a large friends circle, who used to gather in his house. There were many Hindi and Punjabi films made in Lahore, but none of the composers thought of Rafi as a singer. Pt. Amarnath and Ghulam Hyder liked his voice and knew his talent. While shifting to Bombay, Ghulam Hyder invited Rafi to join him. Even from Bombay he sent him 2 calls. Finally on his second call, Rafi decided to shift to Bombay, lock stock and barrel, in 1945. In Bombay, till Jugnu-47 happened, Rafi sang few songs in films, but he made his living by singing in private Mehfils of wealthy Punjabis of Bombay.

Story of Rafi after Jugnu-47 is known widely. I just wanted to highlight his less known early days, before coming to Bombay. Some of this information is used from an article by H.S.Aujla in Apnaorg.

May be, because of his humble background and a struggle before he succeeded, he always had a soft corner for struggling composers. Unlike some other famous singers, he was always ready to help such composers, even if the money offered was below par. During his peak period also, poor B and C grade composers could approach Rafi with a request to sing their songs and Rafi rarely disappointed them.

Nissar Baazmi later went to Pakistan and became a big composer. Even Noorjehan and Mehdi Hassan considered it an honour to sing for him in Pakistan. As long as Nissar Baazmi was in India, he somehow remained a C-grade composer. And at the time he did Khoj, he was a nobody.

It was as a nobody in HFM that Baazmi approached Rafi to sing for the rendition of a composition for “Khoj”. He could only afford to pay Rs 50 to Rafi. Rafi charged Baazmi just the token Re 1. The result- Chanda ka dil toot gaya roney lage hain sitaare Just the shot in the arm that a struggling music director, as well as the lyricist (Raja Mehdi ali Khan) could have dreamed of !

Pandit Shivram was a small time composer as well. He too had only Rs 50 to offer Rafi for singing a song. In return, Rafi offered him as well as the music lovers this priceless song Daulat ke jhoothhe nashe mein ho choor (Oonchi Haweli)(1955) .

Rafi left his mark even in movies where Talat Mehmood was the main singer and Rafi got to sing sung one song. Take for instance Ghulam Mohammad composition Hai bas ki har ek unke ishare mein nishaan aur (Mirza Ghalib), S D Burman’s Manzil ki chaah mein (Devdas).

How Rafi could hold his own for a composer where other singers had given their best for him is tellingly illustrated in case of songs composed by Baabul. Manna Dey had sung two superb duets in in Reshmi Roomal, viz. Zulfon ki ghataa lekar saawan ki pari aayi (with Asha Bhonsle) and Aankh mein shokhi lab pe tabassum (with Suman Kalyanpur) . This movie also boasted the Talat Mehmood timeless classic Jab chaaye kabhi saawan ki ghata(Reshmi Roomaal)(1961). Mukesh too added his mite Reshmi Roomal through Gardish mein hon taare na ghabraanaa pyaare (Reshmi Roomaal) .

Next movie that Baabul got was “Naqli Nawaab” where the same hero Majoj Kumar was to lip sync the songs. Despite recording such awesome male playback songs in his previous movie, Babul switched to Rafi in “Naqli Nawaab”. Rafi was paid Rs 200 for this movie. The timeless classics that Rafi came up with were- Tum poochhte ho ishq balaa hai ke nahin hai (Naqli Nawaab) and Chheda jo dil ka fasaanaa( Naqli Nawaab) .

If Rafi’s created gems for Babul did the same for Babul’s erstwhile partner Bipin as well ! For Bipin Datta, Rafi sang Ye Bombay shahar ka badaa naam hai (Kya ye Bombay hai ?)

If music director Dulaal Sen is remembered today, then it is thanks to one “Black Prince”(1960) Rafi solo song viz. Nigaahein na phero chaley jaayenge ham (Black prince) .

C Arjun much later, told that he felt very proud that he had at least created a ghazal that could come somewhere near a Madan Mohan composition. I wanted special attention to this my coveted ghazal from my singer but all good singers available were bigger than the film for which I had composed it! revealed Arjun. It was with great hesitation, therefore, that I approached Rafi Saab to render my ghazal, so feelingly written by Indivar. And Rafi Saab, without bothering about the small payment we were in a position to make, said it was one of the best ghazals that had fallen to his lot and he would give it everything that he had.not ready to sing for a small time music director in a B grade movie. Rafi had no such qualms. He obliged C Arjun and came up with a rendition that ensured that this ghazal even till date in bracketed among the best ghazals of Hindi movies. This ghazal with Madan Mohanesque quality was Paas baitho tabeeyat bahal jaayegi (Punar Milan) .

Lala-Asad-Sattar three instrumentalists turned struggling music directors could get Rafi to sing for them and Rafi did what he always did- provided A grade song in a B grade movie-Main to tere haseen khayaalon mein kho gayaa (Sangram) .

Sapan Jagmohan made their debut as a music director duo with “Begaana”(1962). A good blueprint that the music director duo had created was converted into a memorable masterpiece by Rafi-Phir wo bhooli si yaad aayi hai(Begaana)(1963).

We have had many A grade compositions in B and C grade movies. A good number of such compositions are in Rafi’s voice and they came about because Rafi would put art before commerce and would sing for pittance no matter how “small” a movie or its music directors were. That is how we got Iqbal Quraishi’s composition Subah na aayi shaam na aayi(Cha Cha Cha) and Sonik-Omi offering Dono ne kiya tha pyaar magar(Mahua)(1969).

The Rafi touch could turn any disc into gold! The above information is based partly on an article written by Raju Bharatan for The Illustrated Weekly of India, Aug 93.

The music Director for film Oonchi Haveli-55 was Shivram or Pt. Shivram Krishna. He was one of those composers who could not get very famous, though he composed very well. Pt. Shivram Krishna was born at Jodhpur on March 22, 1927. He started learning music at the age of 8 under the tutelage of his father Master Tulsidas, who worked with Marwar Record Company, Jodhpur from 1934 onwards. He was later employed in the court of the Maharaja of Jodhpur, Umed Singh as a singer/musician. It was the name and fame of Khemchand Prakash that inspired him to try his luck in films. At the age of 16, he went to Lahore where he worked under Pandit Amarnath and Master Ghulam Haider for around three years, only to return to Jodhpur at the time of partition. From the year 1948 till 1950 he worked as a music director with His Masters Voice in Lucknow, and then made his way to Mumbai in 1951.

At Mumbai, Pt. Shivram was given his first break by V. Shantaram, who signed him for two of his films – Teen Batti Chaar Raasta (1953) and Surang (1953). The music of both the films was appreciated and the films became silver jubilee hits. Besides these, V. Shantaram gave him two more films in 1960 – ‘Phool Aur Kaliyan’ and ‘Kaale Gore’, the first winning the National Award for Best Children film, while the second remained unreleased. He used the voices of V. Shantaram’s daughters Charusheela and Madhura in children’s films.

Following the success of his initial films, Pt. Shivram caught the attention of Dhirubhai Desai and Nakhshab Jarchavi, who signed him for their next films, Oonchi Haveli (1955) and Raftaar (1955) respectively. The songs of these two films were also quite successful. Then came Sati Ansuya (1956), another film by Dhirubhai Desai that started the trend and literally sealed his fate as a composer of mythological films. Barring Naya Kadam (1958), a social drama, and Rangeela Raja (1960), a stunt film, and the two children films by V. Shantaram, all the films he got after Sati Ansuya were religious/ mythological films. In all, out of the 23 films he composed for, as many as 14 were religious/ mythological films.

Despite composing some good songs for these films, the success he got with his initial films could not be repeated given the limited popularity of such films and similarity in the genre of songs. Barring a few songs from Shravan Kuman (1960), Kan Kan Mein Bhagwan (1963) and Sati Naari (1965), most of the songs are all but forgotten. ‘Tum Naacho Ras Barse’ by Mahendra Kapoor in Sati Naari fetched Pt. Shivram the Swami Haridas Award in 1966.

The last two Hindi films of Pt. Shivram were Sampoorna Teerth Yatra (1970) and Mahapavan Teerth Yatra (1975), both of which have the unique distinction of featuring what could be the longest Hindi film songs, running 45 and 70 minutes respectively. Both these songs were about the various places of pilgrimage in India and were almost similar in tune and structure. Interestingly, he had also composed two more songs on similar lines in Durga Pooja (1962) and Kan Kan Mein Bhagwan (1963).

Pandit Shivram gave music for various regional languages such as Rajasthani, Bhojpuri, Punjabi, Haryanvi, etc. He was the default composer for Rajasthani films all through the 1960s, starting with the first Rajasthani film Babasa Ri Ladli (1961). He also composed for several Marwari and classical music non-film albums. As a proficient Harmonium player, he teamed with table-nawaaz Ustaad Nizamuddin Khan to produce a classical album. Pandit Shivram was as good a vocal artist as he was a harmonium player. He sang in films like Oonchi Haveli, Rangeela Raja, Sati Ansuya, Badrinath Yatra, etc.

The lyricists Pt. Shivram worked with, were more or less decided by the films he worked in. While he worked with the likes of Asad Bhopali, Shevan Rizvi, Pyare Lal Santoshi, Nakhshab Jarchavi, etc. in his non-mythological films, predominantly ‘Hindi’ writers like Bharat Vyas, Kavi Pradeep, Neeraj, Madan Bharti and Pt. Indra wrote for his mythological films. Pt. Indra and Bharat Vyas were his prime contributors for Rajasthani films.

Pandit Shivram died in February 1980 leaving behind a family of musicians. His daughter Jayshree Shivram is a singer. Two of his sons, Jugal Kishore and Tilak Raj jointly composed for a few Hindi films, debuting with Bheegi Palkein (1983). His third son, Naveen Shivram had started his musical career with giving music for the serial Apnapan in 1999 and went to compose for a few small time Hindi films and some Rajasthani film and non-film albums as well. Another son, Mukesh, was also a composer and is no more. ( Information on Shivram, based on urgetofly.com and my notes.)

Now, here is a fun song from this film, sung by Rafi and chorus. Though Asha Bhosle’s name is also credited, I did not find any female voice in the song.
PS-Now Sadanand Kamath Jee has pointed out that this song is a two part song and Asha Bhonsle’s voice does appear in the second part of the song. So this song is a Rafi-Asha Bhonsle duet, after all.


Song- Baap gaaye Thumri aur Garba gaaye Maiyya (Oonchi Haweli)(1955)Singer- Rafi, Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics- Bharat Vyas, MD- Pt Shivram
chorus

Lyrics

baap gaaye thumri aur garba gaaye maiyya
jab aangna mein raas rachaenge ye rupaiya
ye chaandi ka kanhaiya ho chhan chhan chhan rupaiya
bhabhi gaaye bhim palaasi drupad gaaye bhaiya
jab aangana mein raas rachaenge rupaiya
ye chaandi ka kanhaiya ho chhan chhan chhan rupaiya

gol gol ye nagad narayan hove jiske paas
wo saare aalam ka baalam sab jan uske saath
ki duniya naak ragadti
ke duniya kaan pakadti
ki duniya jhuk jhuk kare salaam
baabuji parnaam
saahab ji salaam
seth ji raam raam raam raam raam
dekh ke saari duniya naache ta ta ta ta thhaiya
jab aangana mein raas rachaenge ye rupaiya
ye chaandi ka kanhiya ho chhan chhan chhan rupaiya

naram naram duniya laage jab garam garam ho jeb
rupaiye ki jhankaar mein bhaiya chhup jaate sab aeb
achcha
haha

zara dekh lo
ek hai saabat ek hai gaayab
ek khuli hai ek hoon hoon hoon
jaane saara gaam inko jaane saara gaam
par laxmi ki kirpa se inka kamalnayan hai naam
arre inka kamalnaian hai naam
ghuti hui hai khopadi
ghuti hui hai khopadi
par paas hai inke rokadi
safaachat sab baal uden
ye ganju ji ganjan hain
paisa inki aankh ka anjan
daanton ka manjan hai
par jeb kare jham jham to
inka naam keshranjan hai
ae bhaiyya inka naam keshranjan hai
ye kaaghji jawaan seena taan ke khade hue
ye laxmi ki duniya mein heere moti se jade huye
aa aa aa aa aa
dehradun ke cartoon
ye mahlon mein rahte
unchi haweli mein rahte
isiliye sab basti waale hastimal kahte
arre inko hastimal kahte
ke moorakh kahlaaye gyaani
ke phoohad kahlaaye raani
ki cheeku kahlaaye daani
ki ye sab rupye ki maaya
arey bhai waah waah waah waah waah
hoy besuri lugaayi bhi kahlaati hai suraiya
jab aangna mein raas rachaenge ye rupaiya
ye chaandi ka kanhaiya ho chhan chhan chhan rupaiya

o jee o jee
aji aao jee
main teri nayi naweli naar
tu mera albela bhataar
kiya sab tere liye singaar
aji aa jee

ho ho ho ho
kaho meri kaisi ankhadiyaan
ke jaise gulaab ki pankhadiyaan
daant ki kaisi jyoti hai
seep mein jaise moti hain
seep mein jaise moti hain

aur mere sar ke kaise baal
aji in ne to kiya kamaal
ke jaise saawan ke baadal
ke jaise bhanwron ka ho dal
ke jaise nainon ka kaajal
haay re wai wai wai wai wai
meethe meethhe lagte hon jo panchhi se baraiyya

kab
jab aangna mein raas rachaaye re rupaiyya
ye chaandi ka kanhiya ho chhan chhan chhan rupaiya

baap gaaye thumri aur garba gaaye maiyya
jab aangna mein raas rachaenge ye rupaiya
ye chaandi ka kanhaiya ho chhan chhan chhan rupaiya

aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa
maine laakhon ke bol sahe
chaandi ke chanda
haay re baandi ke banda
haaye re phaansi ke phanda
tere liye ae
maine laakhon ke bol sahe

saajan aaya hey sakhi
ee ee ee ee ee

waah waah waah
haan
kai manuhaar karo
thhal bhara gaz motiyaan aan
aur ooper nain dhara aa aa aa aa aa aa
ho chaandi ke chanda
haaye re baandi ke banda
haaye re phaansi ka phanda
tere liye ae
maine laakhon ke bol sahe

ikanni duwanni
chawanni athhanni
ikanni duwanni
chawanni athhanni
chhote mote maap hain
ki chhote mote maap hainhe
ye hain baal bachche iske
rupaiyya inka baap hai
rupaiyya inka baap hai
is kaljug ki duniya mein paar laage tab hi naiyya
jab aangna mein raas rachaenge ye rupaiya
ye chaandi ka kanhaiya ho chhan chhan chhan rupaiya

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This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3753 Post No. : 14718

“Angulimaal”(1960) was produced by M/s Prakash Veramal and directed by Prakash Bhatt for P V Films, Bombay. This “historical” movie had Nimmi, Bharat Bhushan, Anita Guha, Ulhas, Chandrashekhar, Achla Sachdev, Manmohan Krishn, Prem Adib, Kesri, Rammohan, Vinod Kumar, Sheela Kashmiri, Bimla, Helen etc in it.

The movie had seven songs in it. Four of these songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the fifth song from “Angulimaal”(1960) to appear in the blog. According to HFGK (and dutifuly copied by others), this song is sung by Meena Kapoor and chorus, but one can clearly notie the voice of Asha Bhonsle too in the last stanza.

Bharat Vyas is the lyricist. Music is composed by Anil Biswas.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Mere chanchal naina madhur ras ke bhare(Angulimaal)(1960) Singers-Meena Kapoor, Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-Anil Biswas
Chorus

Lyrics

mere chanchal naina
madhu ras ke bhare
mere chanchal naina
karo preet karo preet
koyi apna lo meet
boley man kee maina
o o o
chanchal naina
madhu ras ke bhare
mere chanchal naina

wo dhhalka wo chhalka re palkon mein pyaar
kare rah rah ke vaar
kaajal kaa singaar
kare rah rah ke vaar
kaajal kaa singaar

wo dhalka wo chhalka re palkon mein pyaar
kare rah rah ke vaar
kaajal kaa singaar
kare rah rah ke vaar
kaajal kaa singaar

kaale baalon mein simti
saawan kee ghata
leke kaali raina
kaale baalon mein simti
saawan kee ghata
leke kaali raina
o o o chanchal naina
madhu ras ke bhare
mere chanchal naina

baaje runjhun madhur madhur kangna
aaye aane waale aaj hamaare angna
baaje runjhun madhur madhur kangna
aaye aanewaale aaj hamaare angna
madhu chhand anand mein hoke magan
naache chapal charan
madhu chhand anand mein hoke magan
naache chapal charan
geeton mein machalkar goonj uthe ae ae ae
man ke baina
geeton mein machalkar goonj uthe ae ae man ke baina

o o o chanchal naina
madhu ras ke bhare
mere chanchal naina
o o o chanchal naina
madhu ras ke bhare
mere chanchal naina


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3744 Post No. : 14701

Today’s song is from a comparatively less known film, ‘Prem Sangeet’ (1943). It was produced and directed by WZ Ahmed, under his own banner, Shalimar Pictures, Poona. The music was by its resident MD SK Pal aka Suryakant Pal (nephew of MD Ramchandra Pal, who was with Bombay Talkies). The lyricist was Bharat Vyas. The cast of the film was Neena, Jairaj, H Prakash, Shanta Thakkar, Rajkumari Shukla, Tiwari, Anwar, Gulab, Randhir and many more. The song is sung by Bharat Vyas and Shanta Thakkar.

Bharat Vyas (18-12-1918 to 4-7-1982) wrote 1247 songs in 189 films. In addition, he acted in 3 films, ‘Ghulami’ (1945), ‘Prithviraj Sanyogita’ (1946) and ‘Maa’ (1952). He directed a film also – ‘Rangila Rajasthan’ (1949). He sang 8 songs in 6 films – ‘Prem sangeet’ (1943), ‘Mann Ki Jeet’ (1944), ‘Ghulami’ (1945), ‘Chandralekha’ (1948), ‘Navrang’ (1959) and ‘Santaan’ (1980). He was one of the MDs for film ‘Rangila Rajasthan’ and had composed 3 songs. Shanta Thakkar, who sang with him was also not a regular singer. She had sung just one song in ‘Nirdosh’ (1941), and after today’s song, she sang one more song in ‘Mann Ki Jeet’ (1944) – only 3 songs in career.

There are many books on Hindi film related subjects in almost all languages. Most books give factual or biographical information. There was one author – Saadat Hasan Manto – whose books combined facts, myths, opinions, humour and lascivious stories about the film people he came in contact with, while he was in India before partition. I have some of his books like Meena Bazaar, Stars from Another Sky, and Dastavej Vol 5. One gets to know about the conditions prevailing in the film world in those times, through the eyes of one amongst them. Manto was close to many heroes like Shyam, Ashok kumar and others like Nazir Ahmed, Rafiq Ghaznavi etc. In one of his books, he has revealed the inside story how a shy housewife – Shahida – became a popular film heroine Neena and what magic her mentor (husband later on) WZ Ahmed played to convert her.

About two years back Sadanand Kamath ji had also written about her in one of his articles on song from film ‘Ek Raat’ (1942). I have used some part of his story along with additional information gathered from the All India Film Directory and Who’s Who – 1946, some Pakistani sites and my notes to make her story a wider one.

Neena (real name Shahida) was born on 18th July 1919 in Aligarh in a cultured Muslim family. She was the eldest of six siblings. Her father was  Prime Minister of a small state. Later he was appointed as a  magistrate in Lucknow. Subsequently, he became a member of Federal Public commission. She studied in Aligarh and completed her graduation. During her college days, Moshin Abdullah fell in love with her. They got married and she settled for her domestic duty. Her husband got a job in Bombay Talkies laboratory where Shashdhar Mukherjee was his colleague. Shahida accompanied her husband and stayed in Malad.

When WZ Ahmed set up his film production company, Shalimar Pictures, Moshin Abdullah joined him in the same capacity which he was holding in Bombay Talkies and shifted to Poona (Pune) with his wife Shahida. Probably it was during this period that WZ Ahmed came to know about Shahida and offered her the lead role in his first film ‘Ek Raat’ (1942). Even though her husband was connected with Hindi films and her sister-in-law (husband’s sister), Renuka Devi (Begum Mirza) was an established actress in Bombay Talkies, Shahida was not interested in pursuing a career in films. It was her husband who persuaded her to take the lead role in ‘Ek Raat’ (1942) offered by WZ Ahmed. Saadat Hasan Manto, in his book ‘Stars From Another Sky’ has pointed out that for Moshin Abdullah, Shahida taking up the role in the film was a necessity as he was always short of money due to his gambling habit.

Before the film went on floor, a massive publicity of the film with Shahida getting her screen name ‘Neena’ as a mystery woman was launched, with giant billboards on the roads of Karachi – without showing her face. This created a suspense and she started getting fan mail too, before her film was released. The film was first released in Karachi on 18th July 1942 where it ran for 9 weeks. With the positive feedback from the cine goers, the film was next released in Hyderabad (Deccan) followed by an all-India release. The film was a box office success.

WZ Ahmed announced his next film ‘Mann Ki Jeet’ (1944) with Neena and Shyam in the lead roles. However, in the meantime, he released a quickie , his second film ‘Prem Sangeet’ (1943) with Neena and Jairaj in lead roles without much publicity as there was no more mystery about Neena. His concentration was now on ‘Mnan Ki Jeet’ (1944). She was quite good looking. In 1945, she was voted “The best dressed beauty of the Indian film world” award from I.F.J.A. She worked in only 5 films, ‘Ek Raat’ (1942), ‘Prem Sangeet’ (1943), ‘Mann Ki Jeet’ (1944), ‘Prithviraj Sanyogita’ (1946) and ‘Meerabai’ (1947). One more ambitious film was planned and announced – ‘Shri Krishna Bhagwan’, in which she was to play Radha. However due to partition and their migration to Pakistan, this was cancelled.

WZ Ahmed in his capacity as a producer-director was virtually in full control of Neena. Her husband Moshin Abdullah being removed from Shalimar Pictures for not doing his allotted work, had lost his grip over his wife. On the other hand, Neena found wide differences in attitudes towards her of WZ Ahmed who was courteous and her husband who was not only swindling her money in gambling but he was also a womaniser. Slowly, she became close to WZ Ahmed. In 1946, Neena divorced her husband and married WZ Ahmed.

After the partition, both WZ Ahmed and Neena migrated to Pakistan lock stock barrel, leaving the staff of Shalimar Pictures in a lurch as many of the staff had not received their salary for months. In August 1948, Bombay High Court adjudged WZ Ahmed, the sole proprietor of Shalimar Pictures as insolvent. Thus the saga of a ‘mystery woman’ of Hindi films ended in mysterious circumstances.

Although, Ahmed was declared as insolvent, the workers of Shalimar made an attempt to revive the Shalimar Pictures company. They pooled their resources and Bharat Vyas produced a movie, ‘Rangeela Rajasthan’ in 1949, under the banner of Shalimar Pictures. Many ex employees like Bharat Vyas , SK Pal and Shyama Dulari etc. worked for free. However this last attempt was also not enough to save the company and it was sold out, to pay the dues of suppliers etc.

In Pakistan, Neena worked for her husband’s 2 films – ‘Roohi’ (1954) and ‘Vaada’ (1957). The third film remained unfinished, and she retired to remain a housewife – a second time. She died sometime in April 1990, in Karachi.

Waheeduddin Ziauddin Ahmed, the smart brain behind showing tempting dreams to a housewife and making her an actress in 5 films, died in a hospital in Lahore, after a prolonged illness, on 15-4-2007. It was/is believed by some even now that Neena sang her own songs initially. However, during one of his visits to India , Ahmed made it very clear that ALL songs including those attributed to Neena were sung by Sitara Kanpuri only. This is recorded in Listener’s Bulletin no. 134 of July 2007. So, there should be no doubt whatsoever about this. After his death in Lahore, the leading Newspaper of Pakistan, ‘The Dawn’ wrote a short obituary on him, on 17th April 2007. It throws light on his work. Here it is..

W.Z. Ahmed, 91, one of the most outstanding film directors of the subcontinent, passed away at a local hospital late on Sunday night (15-4-2007). He was suffering from an infection of the lung. He was laid to rest at the Bagh-i-Rehmat graveyard on Monday afternoon.

After coming up with a series of films in only five years, Wahiduddin Ziauddin Ahmed, was not as prolific as some of his successors in the film industry. He directed-produced five films before the partition of the sub-continent: ‘Aik Raat’, ‘Mann Ki Jeet’, ‘Prem Sangeet’, ‘Prithaviraj- Samyukta’ and ‘Mira Bai’ — all released between 1942 and 1947.

After partition, he made just two films ‘Roohi’ and ‘Wada’, while a third one, ‘Wafa Ki Ada’, remained incomplete. The country’s environment was obviously not suited to his brand of cinema and his creation as one of his masterpieces, ‘Roohi’, has the distinction of being the first-ever film to be banned in Pakistan. The government said the film generated ‘class hatred’, and if that was not bad enough, portrayed a ‘rich married woman having an affair with a young, unmarried man’.

The ban was later revoked and ‘Roohi’ was released in 1954. The same year W.Z. Ahmed was at the forefront of the campaign against the screening of Indian films. The protest was known as ‘Jaal agitation’ after a Dev Anand-starrer of the same name that had been imported out of East Pakistan’s quota — a limited number of Indian films were allowed into Pakistan until then — and then brought over to West Pakistan. The protest led to the arrest of Mr Ahmed and many others in Lahore.

Mr Ahmed owned the Shalimar Pictures in Pune and another studio in Madras before 1947. Some very famous writers and lyricists worked for Shalimar, including Josh Malihabadi, Krisan Chander, Ramanand Sagar, Akhtar-ul-Iman and Sagar Nizami. He established the W.Z. Studio at Wahdat Road in Lahore after some years after partition. He spent many years of his life pursuing the ideal of a filmmakers’ cooperative.

Sanaullah Khan Gandapur, who worked as an assistant to W.Z. Ahmed, remembers his guru as an excellent story-writer and a director with a vision and skill to mould actors according to his requirement. “He was a man of diversified interests and immense knowledge,” Mr Gandapur says.

Mr Ahmed was born in Gujarat, India, in 1916 where his father was a senior police officer. He is said to have been moved into entering filmdom by K.L. Sehgal’s Dev Das. It is said Mr Ahmed went to watch Dev Das and was so disappointed with the production that he decided to direct films himself.

He married twice. His first wife was a daughter of Sir Ghulam Husain Hidayatullah. Later on, he married Shahida, who acted in films under the adopted name of Neena. She died a few years ago (April 1990). Mr Ahmed had a son, Fariduddin Ahmed, and a daughter, Afia Rabbani.

Fariduddin Ahmed, well known as Farid Ahmed, was a talented filmmaker who married television and stage actor and producer, Samina Ahmed. Farid died in 1993.

Today’s song is a duet and is a parody of the famous and popular song from film ‘Jhoola’ (1941) – “Main To Dilli Se Dulhan Laaya Re”, sung by Arunkumar and Rehmat Bano. It was filmed on Mumtaz Ali and a debutant actress Shehzadi (not the sister of Zubeida, Sultana and Mehtab). I feel in this song some other tunes of songs are also present, but I could not identify them. This was the first ever song sung by Bharat Vyas in Hindi films.
 


Song – Main To Aagre Se Joota Laaya Re Ho Rani Ji (Prem Sangeet) (1943) Singers – Bharat Vyas, Shanta Thakkar, Lyrics – Bharat Vyas, Music – SK Pal

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

main aagre se
main jaipur se
o main aagre se
o main jaipur se

main aagre se joota laaya re
ho rani ji
main aagre se joota laaya re
ho rani ji
main jaipur se chunri laayi re
ho raja ji
main jaipur se chunri laayi re
ho raja ji
o main aagre se joota laaya re
ho rani ji

aao paniya
aao paniya bharan ko chalen
haan haan paniya bharan ko chalo na re
haan chalo na re
ui chalo na re
aao paani pioge raja
na na chaai pilaao
na na paani pio
na na chaai pilaao
na na paani pio
pio pio
ye paani ka pyaala hai
pio pio
main naahin piunga
main naahin piunga
hato to to to. . .

mora jiya ghanda mera
keh sakoon ganwaar hai
mora jiya ghanda mera
keh sakoon ganwaar hai
hua hai qusoor humse zuroor
maaf hamen karo huzoor

khaao khaao kasam
tum ram ji ki
haan haan ram ji ki
hanuman ji ki
ho siya jaanki ki
aaj gori women ko haraaya re
ho ram ji
aaj gori women ko haraaya re
ho ram ji

main aagre se
o main jaipur se
o main aagre se
o main jaipur se
main aagre se joota laaya re
ho rani ji
main aagre se joota laaya re
ho rani ji
main jaipur se chunri laayi re
ho raja ji
main jaipur se chunri laayi re
ho raja ji
ho main aagre se
main aagre se joota laaya re
ho rani ji

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-

मैं आगरे से
मैं जयपुर से
हो मैं आगरे से
हो मैं जयपुर से

मैं आगरे से जूता लाया रे
हो रानी जी
मैं आगरे से जूता लाया रे
हो रानी जी
मैं जयपुर से चुनरी लाई रे
हो राजा जी
मैं जयपुर से चुनरी लाई रे
हो राजा जी
ओ मैं आगरे से जूता लाया रे
हो रानी जी

आओ पनियां
आओ पनियां भरन को चलें
हां हां पनियां भरन को चलो ना रे
हाँ चलो ना रे
ऊई चलो ना रे
आओ पानी पीओगे राजा
ना ना चाय पिलाओ
ना ना पानी पियो
ना ना चाय पिलाओ
ना ना पानी पियो
पीओ पीओ
ये पानी का प्याला है
पीओ पीओ
मैं नाहीं पीऊँगा
मैं नाहीं पीऊँगा
हटो टो टो टो॰ ॰ ॰

मोरा जिया घणा मेरा
के सकूँ गंवार है
मोरा जिया घणा मेरा
के सकूँ गंवार है
हुआ है क़ुसूर हमसे जुरूर
माफ हमें करो हुज़ूर

खाओ खाओ कसम तुम राम की
हाँ हाँ राम जी की
हनुमान जी की
हो सिया जानकी की
आज गोरी वुमेन को हराया रे
हो राम जी
आज गोरी वुमेन को हराया रे
हो राम जी

मैं आगरे से
ओ मैं जयपुर से
हो मैं आगरे से
हो मैं जयपुर से

मैं आगरे से जूता लाया रे
हो रानी जी
मैं आगरे से जूता लाया रे
हो रानी जी
मैं जयपुर से चुनरी लाई रे
हो राजा जी
मैं जयपुर से चुनरी लाई रे
हो राजा जी
हो मैं आगरे से
ओ मैं आगरे से जूता लाया रे
हो रानी जी


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3737 Post No. : 14689

Mohammed Rafi – Duets – ‘अ’  से  ‘ह’ तक  (From ‘अ’ to ‘ह’) – 26
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

‘भ’ – भैया रे भैया नैया छूआओ ना’ ॰ ॰ ॰

– – – –

चंदा का दिल टूट गया
के रोने लगे हैं सितारे ॰ ॰ ॰ 

कुछ ऐसा ही हुआ था उस दिन, जिस दिन तुम्हारे कूच की खबर आई थी॰ ॰ ॰

[Something as such, happened that fateful day, when the news of you departure came. . .]

– – – –

Today’s song is a wonderfully crafted song. And is euqally well performed and filmed.

The scenario is familiar – Shri Ram, accompanied by Sita ji and Lakshman, are travelling on foot, after departing from Ayodhya, for their sojourn of 14 years in the forest. They come to Shringverpur on the banks of river Ganga. To cross the river, Shri Ram requests the boatman to ferry them in a boat. Kevat, the boatman, at first refuses to ferry them. He has heard of the incident at the deserted ashram of Gautam Rishi, where by the mere touch of the dust from the feet of the Lord, Sati Ahilya who had been cast into stone by the curse of her husband, Gautam Rishi, came to life once again. Kevat cites that incident, and expresses apprehension that if by the touch of the dust from the feet of the Lord, his boat made of wood, would also come to life in the form of a lady, then what would become of him. Not just that he would lose his only source of income, and the only occupation he knows, he would have the additional burden of another member added to the family.

Much to the chagrin of Lakshman, Kevat dithers and dilly-dallies. And then he agrees on one condition – that the Lord should permit him to wash His feet, ostensibly to wash off any dust from the divine feet, and only then allow the trio to step on to his boat.

This event from the Ramayan is well known. It is so beautifully presented here in this song. The film is ‘Bharat Milap’ from 1965. The verses of this song are penned by Bharat Vyas, and the music is from the mind of Vasant Desai. The words are so beautifully crafted and the verses are embellished – अलंकृत is the word. The melodic construction is also very pleasing. It is a quick paced song, based on the folk music of the rural North India. The singing voices are of Rafi Sb and Kamal Barot.

On screen, the song is performed by Sunder, and a lady actor I am not able to identify and name. I request knowledgeable readers and friends to please help make the identification. The duo is accompanied by other members of the village community, and the song is presented as a group dance.
[Note: Thanks to Pramod ji and Prakash ji, the lady dancers are identified as Jeevankala, Manjula, Sheela Ramchandra, Aruna.]

The other main players in this scene are Shri Ram, Sita ji and Lakshman. Indrani Mukherjee plays the role of Devi Sita. As per IMDB listing of cast and crew, Anand Ashish Kumar plays the role of Ram. As far as Lakshman, I am not able to identify and name the actor playing that role.
[Note: Thanks to Pramod ji for correction to the name of he actor in the role of Ram.]

All in all, a very lilting, very pleasing and a very energetic presentation. Lovely song.

Song – Bhaiya Re Bhaiya Re Bhaiya Naiya Chhuaao Na  (Bharat Milap) (1965) Singer – Mohammed Rafi, Kamal Barot, Lyrics – Bharat Vyas, MD – Vasant Desai
Male Chorus
Female Chorus
All Chorus

Lyrics 

dhum tak
hey tak dhum tak
dhum tak
hey tak dhum tak
ho taa naa dere naa dere naa taa naa dere naa
hoooom
ho taa naa dere naa dere naa taa naa dere naa

uhun aahoon uhun aahoon uhun aahoon uhun aahoon

bhaiya re bhaiya re bhaiya ho..oo

dhum tak
hey tak dhum tak

ho bhaiya re bhaiya re bhaiya naiya chhuaao na
in ke paiyyan se ye naiya chhuaao na
bhaiya re bhaiya re bhaiya ho..oo
bhaiya re bhaiya re bhaiya naiya chhuaao na
in ke paiyyan seye naiya chhuaao na
bhaiya re bhaiya re bhaiya ho..oo

hum ne suni kahaani
gaaon waalon ki jabaani
jadu waala hai re ye ramaiyya
oho oho oho oho oho..oo
hum ne suni kahaani
gaaon waalon ki jabaani
jadu waala hai re ye ramaiyya
jadu waala hai re ye ramaiyya
jadu waala hai re ye ramaiyya
daiya re daiya re
ik patthar chhuaa to
jhat ban gayi phat se lugaiya
daiya daiya daiya
daiya re daiya re
ik patthar chhuaa to
jhat ban gayi phat se lugaiya
jhat ban gayi phat se lugaiya
jhat ban gayi phat se lugaiya
hey hey bhaiya re bhaiya re bhaiya ho..oo
bhaiya re bhaiya re bhaiya naiya chhuaao na
in ke paiyyan seye naiya chhuaao na
bhaiya re bhaiya re bhaiya ho..oo

bhori bhori batiyaan
suratiyaa suhaani hai
to batiyon mein mat phas jaiyo
hmmmmmm
arey haa..aan
bhori bhori batiyaan
suratiyaa suhaani hai
to batiyon mein mat phas jaiyo
batiyon mein mat phas jaiyo
batiyon mein mat phas jaiyo
saaf safaai kar
paaon dhoaai kar
peechhe naiya mein bithaio
ehe ehe ehe..ae
saaf safaai kar
paaon dhoaai kar
peechhe naiya mein bithaio
peechhe naiya mein bithaio
peechhe naiya mein bithaio
e he he bhaiya re bhaiya re bhaiya ho..oo
bhaiya re bhaiya re bhaiya naiya chhuaao na
in ke paiyyan seye naiya chhuaao na
bhaiya re bhaiya re bhaiya ho..oo
dhum tak tak
dhum tak
dhum tak
o tak dhum tak

oo oo ooo ooooooo
ooooooo oooooooooo
ooooooooo ooooooooooo
hum bhi kevat prabhu
tum bhi kevat ho to
bhaichaara hum se nibhaio
prabhu ji bhaichaara hum se nibhaio
oo ooo ooo
nadiya ke paar
nadiya ke paar lagaayen tumhen tum
hum ko bhi paar lagaiyo
haaaaye hum ko bhi paar lagaiyo
bhav saagar se paar lagaiyo
ho ho
bhav saagar se paar lagaiyo
e he he bhaiya re bhaiya re bhaiya ho ho..oo
dhum tak tak
tak tak dhum tak tak
tak tak
dere na dere na taa naa dere na
hoom hoom
dere na dere na taa naa dere na
dhum tak tak
tak tak dhum tak tak
tak tak
dere na dere na taa naa dere na
hoom hoom
dere na dere na taa naa dere na
oo oo ooo ooooooo

———————————————————
Hindi Script Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

धुम तक
हे तक धुम तक
धुम तक
हे तक धुम तक
हो ता ना देरे ना देरे ना ता ना देरे ना
हूम
हो ता ना देरे ना देरे ना ता ना देरे ना

उहूं आहूँ उहूं आहूँ उहूं आहूँ उहूं आहूँ

भैया रे भैया रे भैया हो॰॰ओ

धुम तक
हे तक धुम तक

भैया रे भैया रे भैया नैया छूआओ ना
इनके पइय्यन से ये नैया छूआओ ना
भैया रे भैया रे भैया हो॰॰ओ
भैया रे भैया रे भैया नैया छूआओ ना
इनके पइय्यन से ये नैया छूआओ ना
भैया रे भैया रे भैया हो॰॰ओ

हमने सुनी कहानी
गाँव वालों की जबानी
जादू वाला है रे ये रमइय्या
ओहो ओहो ओहो ओहो ओहो॰॰ओ
हमने सुनी कहानी
गाँव वालों की जबानी
जादू वाला है रे ये रमइय्या
जादू वाला है रे ये रमइय्या
जादू वाला है रे ये रमइय्या
दैय्या रे दैय्या रे
इक पत्थर छूआ तो
झट बन गई फट से लुगईय्या
दैय्या दैय्या दैय्या
दैय्या रे दैय्या रे
इक पत्थर छूआ तो
झट बन गई फट से लुगईय्या
झट बन गई फट से लुगईय्या
झट बन गई फट से लुगईय्या
हे हे भैया रे भैया रे भैया हो॰॰ओ
भैया रे भैया रे भैया नैया छूआओ ना
इनके पइय्यन से ये नैया छूआओ ना
भैया रे भैया रे भैया हो॰॰ओ

भोरी भोरी बतियाँ
सुरतिया सुहानी है
तो बतियों में मत फंस जइय्यो
हम्ममममम
अरे हाँ॰॰आँ
भोरी भोरी बतियाँ
सुरतिया सुहानी है
तो बतियों में मत फंस जइय्यो
बतियों में मत फंस जइय्यो
बतियों में मत फंस जइय्यो
साफ सफाई कर
पाँव धोआई कर
पीछे नैया में बिठईओ
ऐहे ऐहे ऐहे॰॰ऐ
साफ सफाई कर
पाँव धोआई कर
पीछे नैया में बिठईओ
पीछे नैया में बिठईओ
पीछे नैया में बिठईओ
ऐ हे हे भैया रे भैया रे भैया हो॰॰ओ
धुम तक तक
धुम तक
धुम तक
ओ तक धुम तक

ओ ओs ओss ओsssssss
ओssssss ओsssssssss
ओssssssss ओssssssssss
हम भी केवट प्रभु
तुम भी केवट हो तो
भाईचारा हम से निभईओ
प्रभु जी
भाईचारा हम से निभईओ
ओ ओss ओss
नदिया के पार
नदिया के पार लगाएँ तुम्हें तुम
हम को भी पार लगईओ
हाए हम को भी पार लगईओ
भव सागर से पार लगईओ
हो हो भव सागर से पार लगईओ
ऐ हे हे भैया रे भैया रे भैया हो हो॰॰ओ
धुम तक तक
तक तक धुम तक तक
तक तक
देरे ना देरे ना ता ना देरे ना
हूम हूम
देरे ना देरे ना ता ना देरे ना
धुम तक तक
तक तक धुम तक तक
तक तक
देरे ना देरे ना ता ना देरे ना
हूम हूम
देरे ना देरे ना ता ना देरे ना
ओ ओs ओss ओsssssss


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3729 Post No. : 14670 Movie Count :

4010

Today’s song is from an old film School Master-1943. This was a Sun Art Pictures film, produced and Directed by the veteran C M Luhar. The Music director was Ninu Majumdar. There were 10 songs in the film. 5 were by Pt. Indra and 5 were by Pt. Bharat Vyas. Our today’s song is by Bharat Vyas. It is a duet sung by Karan Dewan and Rajkumari. The cast of the film was Jeevan, Maya Banerjee, Karan Dewan, Kaushalya,Gope, Rajkumari Shukla, Susheel kumar and others.

I have not seen this film, but have seen the same name film of 1959. I do not know if their stories were same, but the Hero was same- Karan Dewan. Actor Jeevan was in contract with Prakash Pictures during this period and was taken on loan from them officially for this film. The film of 1959 was a remake of a Kannada film of the same name made in 1958. The film was so popular that besides Hindi a remake in Telugu was made in 72, Tamil in 73, Malayalam in 64 and in Odiya in 85. It was also remade in Kannada in 2010. All these films had the same title School Master. The first Kannada film was inspired by a Marathi film ” Oon Paus ” ( ?? ???? ), which was, in turn, inspired by a Hollywood movie “Make way for Tomorrow”-1937. So much for the originality of Indian film makers !

Believe it or not,but LUCK plays a great role in Film Industry.

I am not talking about the ‘Rags to Riches’ or ‘Riches to Rags’ stories in the film industry. They are there,ofcourse,for everyone to see.

I am thinking about all those geniuses and and born actors,who could never make it to the top.I am thinking of those extras,who came all the way from far off places,with a dream in their eyes and finally ended up as ‘Junior Artists’ -a respectful term for Extras.

I am also thinking of all those Talented Composers,like Sajjad Hussain,Daan Singh,Vinod,Sardar Malik,C.Arjun,Shridhar Parsekar and few others,who,despite their Talents and art could never make it great in the Film Industry.

I am also talking about those superfine actors who were sensitive,talented,hardworking but could not make it to the Top in their lives.

I am also talking about those actors, who were very good looking, but not very good in expressions and acting,but still made it to the Top for some period.Those actors, after whom the producers were running with fat moneybags and those actors who got much more than what they actually deserved for their ‘acting’.

Interestingly,in each decade of the 40s, 50s and 60s there was at least one actor who had an extraordinary luck which took him to the top-but not for long.These actors worked with Top actresses of their times,got the best songs and films were made only for them.

In the 40s, it was KARAN DEWAN. he came to the Silver screen with Punjabi film ‘Puran Bahadur’,but it was Ratan -44 which made his life.The music of Ratan made history and he became a STAR overnight.He was a good-looker,but acting wise he was nothing.His luck was so strong that after Ratan-44,roles came to him in scores and he acted with the best Heroines of his days-like Nargis, Meena Kumari, Nalini Jaywant, Suraiya, Madhubala, Noorjahan, Munawwar Sultana, Swarnalata, Meena Shorey, Kamini Kaushal, Geetabali, Vaijayantimala, Sandhya etc etc….

Once his luck worn out, he had to work as a Production Manager with B R Chopra.When he died, only his colleagues from the Cine Artists’ Association, Chandrasekhar and Manmohan Krishna attended his funeral-nobody else from the film industry !

The ‘Chikana’ Hero of the 50’s was BHARAT BHUSHAN. Though he started with Chitralekha -1941 ( he was in the role of a disciple in the Ashram and was No 17 in the credits of the film!),he became famous because of the musical films of the 50s. He did about 180 films in his career and worked,without exception,with all leading Heroines of his times.he also got the best songs of the decade.
However he never won any acclaim for his acting skills.He always survived with best music and beautiful heroines. Once this supply receded,his days were numbered and he spent his last days in difficult times.

In the 60s and the third in this list was PRADEEP KUMAR,whose top period was late 50s and all 60s, though his last film came in 1994-2 years after his death. Acting wise he was most ordinary,but in looks he always looked Royal. Roles of Princes and Kings suited him best. I don’t remember the film name,but in one film he is shown begging on the road,but even there he was looking like as if he was the king of beggars ! He did many films as a Police Officer,but even in that role he looked a ‘Raees” policeman !

Handsome all Three-they also had one thing common amongst them- Their brothers produced many films (not all) for them, and everyone died in conditions not befitting their images.

Jaimini Dewan made films( including Ratan) for Karan Dewan.

R.Chandra produced films for Bharat Bhushan

and

Kalidas was the producer for many of Pradeep Kumar’s films.

Dewan Karan Chopra aka Karan Dewan ( 6-11-1917 to 2-8-1979 ) youngest of three brothers was born at Gujranwala, Punjab (now in Pakistan), British India. He studied in Lahore, where he became interested in Journalism and started editing a film magazine in Urdu, Jagat Lakshmi. One of the local distributors he met was Tarachand Barjatya, who was then the Manager of Chandanmal Inder Kumar’s distribution office at Lahore. Through his connection with Barjatya he landed in Calcutta, and in 1939, made his acting debut as Puran in the Punjabi feature film Puran Bhagat

Dewan started his film career with the role of Puran in Puran Bhagat in Punjabi in 1939 in Calcutta. It was produced by Raisaheb Sukhlal Karnani and directed by Roop K. Shorey’s father R. L. Shorey. His second film Mera Maahi (1941) was also a Punjabi film, directed by Shankar Mehta at Lahore and starring Ragini and Manorama. This was the movie in which he sang songs for the first time in the movies under the baton of legendary music director Shyam Sunder. Later, in Rattan, he sang for the first time in Hindi movies for Naushad. B R Chopra, then working as a film journalist in Lahore, helped Karan Dewan to get in touch with Devika Rani, who invited Dewan to come to Bombay. When this did not help Dewan get films, he taught “Urdu pronunciation to actors and actresses”.

In 1944, Karan Dewan acted in Rattan, a musical romantic drama, directed by M. Sadiq, which became one of the most popular films of that year. “A tremendous hit”, it paired Dewan with Swarnalata. His decisive film was Rattan (1944), which was produced by his brother Jaimini Diwan, and this movie had turned out to be the biggest hit of 1944. He also sang songs in this movie under music director Naushad, and his song “Jab Tum Hi Chale Pardes” became popular. He sang in films such as Piya Ghar Aaja (1947), Mitti Ke Khiloune (1948) and Lahore (1949). His other important films were Zeenat (1945), Lahore (1949), Dahej (1950), Bahar (1951) and Teen Batti Char Rasta (1953). Known as a “jubilee star”, about twenty of his films are stated to have been jubilee (twenty-five weeks or more) hits.

Dewan married co-actress Manju in 1944 following the release of Rattan, in which she had a character role. By 1966, he was working as a casting agent for the film unit of Maya (1966). He continued to work in the 1960s and 1970s playing supporting parts in films such as Apna Ghar (1960), Shaheed(1965), Jeene Ki Raah (1969) and Nadaan (1971), with the last film in which he was credited being Sohanlal Kanwar’s Atmaram (1979).

He worked in 73 films and sang 18 songs in 9 films. He worked with all leading actresses of his times,including Noorjehan and Nargis. At the end of his career, however, he was down financially and had to work as a Manager with B R Chopra’s company. When he died, except two workers of Cine artistes association, no one else from Film industry was present.

Film industry is one industry where men and women have to work together. Whether it is Actor-director or Singer-Composer, for the sake of work they have to spend much time together. No wonder then that Cupid does his work overtime. Sometimes there are mutual attraction and at times there are one sided fires burning. In most cases the one sided fire is extinguished in a very painful way, like what P L Santoshi faced with actress Rehana or the slap Sanjiv Kumar got from actress Nutan.

There were cases when love of Dilip kumar for Madhubala, died in the High court witness Box, when he gave evidence against her father in the ‘ Naya Daur ‘ legal case. Dev Anand’s love with Suraiyya ended happily for Dev Anand with him marrying Kalpana Kartik, but Suraiyya stayed “Unmarried”, in his ” yaad”, throughout her life. Here the villain was her so called ” Grand mother “, who actually was her own mother, as documented in the book “Stars from another sky” by Saadat Hasan Manto !

The successful 2-way traffic usually ended with a marriage. We can see marriages between producers and Actresses( Himanshu Rai-Devika rani and W Z Khan and actress Nina), directors and singers/actresses ( Nalini jaywant-Virendra Desai, Shaukat Hussain-Noorjehan, Geeta Dutt-Guru Dutt, Lalita Pawar-G.P.Pawar, Rattanbai-Hafiz Khan), Actors and Actresses ( Arun Ahuja-Nirmala devi, Snehprabha Pradhan-Kishore Sahu, Dev Anand-Kalpana Kartik, Dharmendra- Hema Malini, Rajesh Khanna-Dimple Kapadiya, Amitabh Bachchan-Jaya, Abhishek-Aishwarya, Kishore Kumar-Madhubala, Premnath-Bina Rai, Karan Dewan-Manju Desai, Marutirao Pehlwan-Tara Devi.)

There were some odd combinations like Satyendranath Athiah-Bhanu Athaiya (Lyricist-Costume designer),Lyricist-Singer (Amar Verma-Manik Verma), Singer-villain (Shakti Kapoor- Shivangi Kolhapure),Music teacher-student ( Roshan-Ira Moitra, Hemant Kumar-Bela Mukherjee, C.Ramchandra-‘Ben’ Ratan Thakur), and even a singer-Orchestra player (Vinita Amladi-Krishna Chakravarty) and lastly between singer-singers ( Jyoti-G M Durani, Gauhar Karnataki- Bal Gandharva). There were those pairs who were singers-actors ( Amirbai- Himalayawala,Rafiq Gazanavi- Anwari bai).

The interesting group, however,was that of Composer-Singers ( Sudhir Phadke-Lalita Deulkar, Asha Bhosle-R D Burman, Naashad-Premlata, Anil Biswas-Meena Kapoor, Pannalal Ghosh-Parul Ghosh, Khayyam-Jagjit Kaur, Ghulam Haider-Umrao Zia begum, Kamal Dasgupta-Firoza begum, Ninu Majumdar-Kaumudi Munshi).

Ninu (Niranjan) Majumdar was born on 9-9-1915 in a Gujarati Nagar Brahmin family of Baroda (Vadodara). Ninu was a pet name that he became famous by. His real name was Niranjan, which he later used as a pen name in his Gazals. His father, Nagendra Mazumdar made silent films. He was also a Music Director and Lyricist in his times. Ninu Majumdar’s name is variously written as Mujumdar, Muzumdar, Majumdar and Mazumdar.

After the early influence of Faiyaz Khan, Mazumdar’s search took him to various routes and he studied different kinds of music before he came into his own to become one of the first Gujarati Sugam Sangeet (light music) singer. He soon graduated to composing his own music and writing songs. Apart from classical music, the earlier influence was also of Ravindra Sangeet. This was at the time when Bengali language enjoyed prestige among Gujaratis of a kind that was comparable to the status of French among the English speaking nations. He grew out of it in a few years.

The more lasting influence on his music was that of folk songs and semi-classical music of Uttar Pradesh (U.P.) like the Hori, Chaiti, Barkha Biraha as well asThumri and Dadra. He learned these during his stint in U.P. where he did farming for some years and also kept in touch through association with people like Satyendra Trivedi, a connoisseur of music and the “Thumri Queen”, Siddheshwari Devi, a family friend and his wife Kaumudi’s Guru.

Ninu’s ambition, even when he started his schooling in music at Baroda, was to become a music director in films. From 1937 onwards he participated in light Gujarati musical programmes. He also produced several features for All India Radio. From 1954, Mazumdar worked with all India Radio in Mumbai for over 20 years as Light Music Producer. He would have liked to take part in Hindi programmes too but the shortage of Gujarati artists forced him to concentrate on programmes in that language.

When in charge of music for the newly launched Vividh Bharati, that had to compete with Radio Ceylon without using any film music (film music was not played on AIR for several years due to conflicts over contracts and royalties), he successfully produced programmes inviting Salil Chaudhary, Kanu Ghosh and others from Bombay Youth Choir or IPTA and using voices of Manna Dey and other well known artists. Later when the issue of royalties was settled between the film producers and AIR, Mazumdar was the first to produce the popular Jaymala Programme by interviewing eminent persons from the film industry.

A career in films was also cut out for Ninu Mazumdar, as his father, Nagendra Mazumdar, was a dramatist and film producer. Nagendra was not much of a musician but he imparted his son training in music from the very early days.

Ninu found the field restricted, in a way in films, because of the need of working at a very fast pace and with view to pleasing the majority among the public. Ninu tried to introduce a new trend in film music, that of, adding a classical touch by borrowing from the old masters like Surdas. These attempts met with considerable success in Gopinath, a picture in which Ninu had interest as a producer as well.

It was in films made in the forties that a young Ninu Mazumdar’s voice could be heard. He sang with Sardar Akhtar in “Uljhan”, with Amirbai Karnataki in “Paristan” and Meena Kapoor in “Gopinath”.

He provided music for Jail Yatra and Gopinath, two of the earliest Raj Kapoor films. It is well documented by now that the Yashomati Maiyase Poochhe Nandlala song in RK movie Satyam Shivam Sundaram is a direct lift from Mazumdar’s Aai Gori Radhika in Gopinath.

He also composed music for several Gujarati Films like “Jeevano Jugari”, “Okha Haran”, “Sharad Poonam” etc.

He sang and penned quite a few of his songs. Amongst others who sang for him were Meena Kapoor, Shamshad Begum, Geeta Dutt, Suraiya, Hameedabanu, Pradeepji, C.H.Atma, Ameerbai Karnataki, Raj Kapoor, Shankar Dasgupta, S.D.Batish, Lakshmi Shankar, Talat Mehmood, Siddheshwari Devi, Rajkumar, Nalini Mulgaonkar, Dilip Dholakia, Ajeet Merchant, Shobha Gurtu, Sarla Bhide, Lata Mangeshkar, Asha Bhosale, Manna Dey, Kishori Amonkar, Usha Mangeshkar, Leela Mehta, Premlata Naik, Kishori Ghia, Suman Kalyanpur, Kaumudi Munshi,etc.

Vetern composer Ninu Mazumdar passed away on March 3 2000. Some of his songs have become so popular that people often do not even remember who wrote or composed them.

He gave music to 19 Hindi films – Black out-1942,Amanat, Masterjee, School Master, Kiran, Paristan, Rangila Dost, Main kya karun, Gudiya, Jail yatra, Gopinath, Kuch naya, Aflatoon, Pul, Raj ratan, Ram Shastri, Teen Tasweeren, Bhai Saheb-54 and Punam ka chaand-67.

He sang 28 songs in 13 films and directed 1 film-Kuchh naya-48

His son Uday gave music to TV serial ” Buniyaad ” in the 80s.

The Director CHIMANLAL MULJIBHOY LUHAR ( 1901-1948) was a Chemistry graduate from Bombay University. He started writing as a critic and author in journals like Beesvin sadee, Navchetan and Bombay Chronicle. He joined film line as a lab Assistant in Kohinoor studios in early 20s. Soon he became a noted cameraman for several documentaries, with K.D.Brothers, Bombay,under a British cameraman of Prince of Wales’ official entourage. After a brief stint at Rajkot with Saurashtra Films and a longer one at Krishna Films-where he shot 20 films, he joined Sharada Studios with ‘Dagabaz Duniya-1926 and several stunt films by Master Vithal. He turned a producer for a few stunt films. Later he was a partner in Sharda films and a Director with Sagar Movietone(1934-1940). From 1941 to 46 he worked for Prakash Pictures. He directed Sassi Punnu-32,Silver King-35 Talash-E-haq (first film of Nargis, made by Jaddanbai)-35, Do deewane, Kharab Jaan, Capt. Kirtikumar, Dynamite, Kaun kisika, Sewa Samaj, Saubhagya, Darshan, Station master, School Master, Uss paar and Bindiya. He died at the young age of 47 years,in 1948. He had established his own production outfit ‘Sun Art Pictures’ in 1943, but he made only 3 films with it -School Master-43, Uss Paar-44 and Bindiya-46, before he died, after a prolonged illness.

I have heard 6 songs of this film and I was,honestly,impressed with the songs. There are 2 songs by Ninu Majumdar himself and 2 duets of Karan Dewan and Rajkumari. Both the duets are light comedies. With today’s song the film School Master – 1943 makes its Debut on the Blog.

(credits- HFGK,wiki, Prof.Yadav’s book, star portraits,encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, Filmdom-46, inhe na bhulana, Filmindia-43 and my notes)


Song-Mera khuli hawa mein bangla (School Master)(1943) Singers-Karan Dewan, Rajkumari, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-Ninu Majumdar

Lyrics

Mera khuli hawa mein bangla
mera khuli hawa mein bangla
bangle mein balam akela
kahaan hai meri banglewaali

kahaan hai teri banglewaali
pardesi des paraaya
jahaan teri kahin banglewaali

ho aisi banglewaali
ho aisi banglewaali
roop ho kaali
chaal matwaali
kahaan hai teri banglewaali
pardesi des paraaya
jahaan teri kahin banglewaali

bangle de(?) baanke sanwariya
bangle de(?) baanke sanwariya
?? aankh milaaye najariya
?? aankh milaaye najariya
hamre dil mein unki maala
unke munh mein gaali

kahaan hai meri banglewaali
bangle mein balam akela
kahaan hai meri banglewaali

dilon beech deewaar na kheencho
dilon beech deewaar na kheencho
phool chaaho to kaliyaan seencho
phool chaaho to kaliyaan seencho
aao pujaari khadi pujaarin
aao pujaari khadi pujaarin
liye prem ki thhaali
haan liye prem ki thhaali
haan liye prem ki thhaali

kahaan hai meri banglewaali
bangle mein balam akela
kahaan hai meri banglewaali


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3707 Post No. : 14633

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Discussion on economics-2
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Any Government, no matter what kind it is (Democratic, autocratic, Kingdom etc) needs money to function.

Government incurrs two kinds of expenditures:
1. Mandatory expenditures- on salaries of government staff, pensions of retired staff, debt servicing on loan taken etc.

2. Public administration, law and order, welfare activities, infrastructure development.

Money for all these comes from taxes, and if taxes are not enough, from borrowings (loans). It is desirable that most amount required for government is collected through taxes and not through borrowings.

Government collects money mainly though taxes. If country makes good progress (typically measured as GDP) then the government benefits through tax. But then how much tax gets collected depends on tax structure of a country as well as on the tax compliance of the country.

In general, higher the GDP, one would expect higher amount of tax collection for a country. But two countries with similar GDP can have collection of different amount of taxes. For instance, France and India have similar GDP. But their tax collections and accordingly their national budgets are different.

CIA factbook figures- from 2017 shows that

Comparison parameter India France
GDP (nominal) $ billions 2611 2584
Percentage of Tax collection to GDP 9.4% 56.2 %
Budget- Revenue $ billions 229.3 1446
Budget- Expenditures $ billions 330.3 1515
Budget deficit in % of GDP 4.1 2.7

Thus we see that India and France have similar GDP, but the revenue collected through taxation etc in France is more than 50 % of GDP whereas India was not able to collect even 10 % of GDP as revenue. So the advantage of such a large GDP could not be made use of by Indian Government. This is food for thought for those in India who do not pay taxes or underpay taxes and then blame government for not doing anything/ enough for them. Government can work to fulfill public aspirations only from the money that they receive as revenue. If Indian Government received as much in revenue as France receives then India would develop at an enormous rate and many public “grievances” would get addressed promptly and effectively.

Indians are used to receiving subsidies instead of paying for the goods/ services. While it may make them feel good on short term basis, these subsidies do not come for free. They are far more costly for the national economy that if we simply paid for the service without availing subsidy.

Let me illustrate my point by the example of petroleum prices which is a “burning” issue in India at present. Opposition parties are telling that the government is harrassing public by not reducing oil prices and so the government is anti people.

Let us examine the issue in some detail.

India imports crude oil and then refines it in refineries of oil companies of India. These refined products are then offered at retail outlets for sale. Though GST regime had come in existence in India but petroleum products are so far kept out of its ambit. So Petroleum products have the same old taxes as before namely excise duty which is levied by Central Government on oil companies and VAT which is levied by state governments at sales outlets.

So, the prices of petroleum products in India are determined mostly by taxes namely excise duty and VAT.

We have seen above that the tax collection in India is abysmal. Direct tax (viz Income tax and corporate tax) is paid by just one percent of population whereas indirect taxes (earlier there were so many of them, now just GST is there) traditionally yielded very little because most of indirect taxes were evaded and they never reached the coffers of the government.

Keeping all this in mind, Governments (Central as well as states) have deliberately kept Petroleum products out of GST and the same old taxes have been kept on them. This is one source of revenue, which unlike Income tax and other indirect taxes cannot be evaded and so it forms a very good chunk of revenues for Central as well as states.

If crude price goes up, then domestic prices are raised. If on the other hand, crude prices drop then domestic prices are not lowered. The additional revenue that accrues to governments when prices are low are plowed back into all these infrastructure and welfare works that are taking place all over the country. As long as this tax money is going for nation building and other essential activities then one should not mind it too much.

Let us examine what happens when Government decides to keep the prices of petroleum prices down artificially despite crude price skyrocketing. It basically means giving subsidy of that amount. Money for subsidy has to be raised from somewhere.

Let us examine the populist actions and their repercussions.

Government decides to lower the price by say Rs 10 and so gives a subsidy of Rs 10 per litre namely it reduced excise duty by Rs 10.

From where this Rs 10 will get compensated ? As discussed above, from tax collected, failing which borrowing. We have already seen what poor tax collection we get in India, so that leaves borrowing as the only option.

Steps Government Action Action for compensation Economic/ Market reaction
ONE Give subsidy Take loan to compensate for the loss Current Account Deficit goes up
TWO Borrow money from market Money borrowed from market by Government Fiscal deficit goes up
THREE Revenue earned in future to be used for repaying debt Money that should have been used for infrastructure/ public works going instead towards loan repayment Interest rate goes up
FOUR External trade gets affected adversely Import increases and export falls Trade deficit goes up
FIVE Rupee weakens Import becomes costly Rupee gets devalued
SIX Foreign currency gets stronger Foreign currency becomes costly and scarce Foreign currency reserve falls affecting imports
SEVEN High Fiscal deficit sends adverse signal to FII (Foreign institutional investors) FII withdraw their money Share market falls and market sentiment becomes negative
EIGHT Foreign capital exits the market Foreign capital becomes scarce Growth of economy slows down

I have stopped at step eight. There are other steps as well that becomes more and more catastrophic. Providing subsidy is akin to taking loan and that too a hefty loan and we keep repaying this loan back for many years and even decades. A good part of revenue earned by the government goes into loan repayment instead of going into useful infrastructure/ welfare work.

Giving subsidy instead of charging for it has cost the nation heavily and the public (who themselves demand these subsidies) themselves have to bear the burden in future.

One question that gets asked it, how did the previous government keep petroleum price in check despite high crude price. Answer- by taking the easy way out viz by providing subsidy. The nation and the public paid heavily for it for years.

Here is how it worked out.

One barrel of crude oil was $130. The government became hell bent on keeping the domestic price low. They gave heavy subsidy and compensated by borrowing money in the form of Oil bond. It caused Fiscal Deficit to rise.

That oil subsidy caused fiscal deficit and that led to interest rise, causing slump of business activities, this in turn led to inflation. The credit rating agency Moody threatened to downgrade India’s credit rating which shows that Foreign investors had lost faith in Indian market.

And all that just because of this populist decision of trying to keep the oil price down through subsidy.

One of the present day oil price rise protester, who was on the PM chair at that time, addressed the nation at that time on 4 june 2008 and he had this to say while providing oil subsidy-

“I would like the nation to remember that issuing bonds and loading deficits on oil companies is not a permanent solution to this problem. We are only passing on our burden to our children , who will have to repay this debt.”

So, those who had no guts to stand up in national interest ten years ago are today demanding that the present government show the same spinelessness that they showed during their time in power.

The Oil bond (viz the loan that they took to pay for oil subsidy) was not for a small amount. It was a hefty amount of Rs 2 lakh crore ($26 billions) and it had to be repaid in future. The present Government repaid it out of the foreign exchange reserve. Just imagine ! That previous government left the burden of this $26 billions loan on future governments and future generation of Indians. This amount, which could have financed lots and lots of infrastructure/ welfare works just went away as repayment of unnecessary loan. To put things in perspective, $26 billions is a bigger amount than what a neighboring country, which is in financial dire strait, is desperately looking for from IMF.

So in summary, I would say that the decision not to reduce oil price is in national interest. It is what is Fiscal discipline is all about. I would like all governments to show the same guts in standing firm in national interest. Fiscal discipline has had a salutary effect on Indian economy. Today inflation is down at around 5 % mark from the usual 10 % mark during oil subsidy days. Current Account deficit is 2.4% from a high of around 5 % in the past. Fiscal deficit, which is an indicator of financial health of the nation, is now 3.2 % of GDP (from past figures of 4.5 % of GDP) which is unprecedented for Indian economy. Foreign exchange, despite weakening rupee is at nearly at an all time high. There was a time when India had to approach IMF and had to pledge their gold to them to borrow a sum of $ 2 billions. Today, with a foreign reserve in excess of $400 billions, $2 billions is small change for India.

Squandering public money on populist activities is an act of gross fiscal indiscipline and its consequances can be devastating. There are examples of countries that were destroyed because of populist policies. Argentina, which used to be an advanced economy till 1950 came under the rule of a populist regime and then military dictatorship which destroyed its economy and that economy lies destroyed even today, with that country looking for an IMF bailout package repeatedly, including at present. Then there are other examples as well, viz Greece, Portugal, Ireland, Cyprus etc. Why look at foreign examples. Even Indian economy lay in ruins in 1990 as a result of fiscal indiscipline for three decades, that forced India to approach IMF for bailout in 1991. A nation that felt stung and humiliated before IMF took up the path of liberalization of economy. Some tough and brave decisions by that government and subsequent governments set India on the path of economical recovery and prosperity.

Instead of being misled on trivial issues by people with selfish motives, we should find out real facts about important issues on our own, instead of blindly believing whatsapp forwards that often originate from people with malicious motives. I have seen whatsapp forwards that “informed” us that oil price in India was the highest while is was very low in Pakistan, Nepal etc. The question to be asked is- do you know the condition of public services in Pakistan and Nepal? Pakistan does not have electricity half the time and their electricity tariff is the highest in the world. Their electricity changes are Rs 16 to 20 per unit. In India it is Rs 4 per unit. Are Indians prepared to pay electricity charges that Pakistanis pay ? In India 10000 pairs of trains run daily and a population equal to that of Australia is travelling on IR at any time. In comparison only about 300 trains run in Pakistan and only a population of 1.8 lakh (equal to population of a small town like Khandwa or Ganj Basoda) is travelling in Pakistan Railway in one day. In India, 3.3 lakh people fly by air daily ! In Pakistan only 6600 passengers fly by air in one day. India have the cheapest internet service in the world which is reasonably fast for the price. Many useful services like Railway and airlines reservations, banking services etc are already accessible on internet. Would Indians be ready to have the kind of internet that Pakistanis “enjoy” ? What about law and order ? Providing all these services takes money, and that money comes from taxes. If you provide petrol at subsidised prices that Pakistan and Nepal apparently do then you end up starving your public services with the result that your public services are of poor quality and/ or non existent.

India should compare themselves with China and there we find that the Chinese petroleum prices are similar to Indian prices.

I, as someone who has as much a stake as anyone else in the country, including politicians, would like all my governments to stand firm and gradually dismantle all subsidies. I would also want the tax collections in the country to come at par with advanced countries. All advanced countries collect atleast 25 to 30 % of their GDP as taxes and that is how they are able to finance their government spendings through taxes without needing to take loans. People not paying their taxes and expecting government to give them freebies/ subsidies, that can only be counterproductive. People who do not perform their duties should not expect any free favours. Nothing is free in this world. Someone has to pay for the services that some people may be availing for free or at subsidised rates. It is better if everyone pays for the services he /she is availing.

In brief, one has to make “sacrifices” if one wants to have a better and more prosperous future. If one looks around, one can see infrastructure works going on all around in areas like roadways, railways, ports, waterways, metros, Airports. Then there are welfare works like Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana, Ujjawala, Ujaala, Jan Dhan Yojna, Pradhan Mantri M Jan Aushadhi Kendra etc. If taxes paid by us in various forms (including taxes on petroleum) are going for building infrastructure as well as for helping the poor sections of society, then where is the problem. I in fact would feel happy that my taxes are helping the nation grow visibly. What is there to feel aggrieved about ?

Instead of feeling aggrieved about petroleum prices that are not within our control because they are imported, we should on our own try to reduce our dependence on fossil fuel and look for alternative sources of energy that would be within our own control. Government is making long term plans to reduce our dependence on fossil fuel. We may not have notice it, but solar energy is being aggressively promoted. India is rich is sunlight and so we will be self sufficient in solar energy. Today it may only be supplying 2 % of our energy needs, but before we blink our eyes, we will find as much as 50 % of our energy needs being met by solar energy by 2030. That will reduce our dependence on fossil fuel a great deal and oil prices will become a non issue.

“Durga Pooja”(1954) produced by Dhirubhai Desai and his son Sharad Desai and directed by Dhirubhai Desai for Sharad productions, Bombay. The film had Trilok Kapoor, Shahu Modak, Nirupa Roy, S N Tripathi, Kamal, Indira Bansal, Prabha Shanker, Yashodhara Katju etc in it.

The movie had ten songs in it. Two songs have been covered in the past. Here is the third song from “Durga Pooja”(1954) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Asha Bhonsle. Bharat Vyas is the lyricist. Music is composed by S N Tripathi.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of the song.

I have not been able to get a few words correct in the lyrics. I request our readers with keener ears to help fill in the blanks/ suggest corrections as applicable.


Song-Mera ho balidaan (Durga Pooja)(1954) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-S N Tripathi

Lyrics

mera ho balidaan
mera ho balidaan
mera ho balidaan
mera ho balidaan
mere jeewan ke badle mein
miley kisi ko praan
mera ho balidaan
mera ho balidaan

uthho sakhi mere aansu
ro ro kar tumhen uthhaayen
aaj tumhaare charnon par
ye apne praan chadhaayen
sakhi ko miley suhaag amar
aur mera ho balidaan
mera ho balidaan
mera ho balidaan
mera ho balidaan

pati ke dukh mein dukhi rahe
wo bharat ki sannaari
swaami ko jeewan de wo
ji uthhe raajkumari
iski maut mujhe
mera jeewan ho is ko daan
mera ho balidaan
mera ho balidaan
mera ho balidaan

sachhi meri prem saadhna
sachhi pati Vrat??
sachha mera prem(??) agar hai
sachhi pati sang preet
sachhi hai yadi durga maiyya
to mujhko ye var de
pati sewa ke badle
meri ?? ko kar de
hey jagdambey hey ambey
do yahi mujhe vardaan
mera ho balidaaan
mera ho balidaaan
mera ho balidaaan


This article is written by Bharat Upadhyay, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3698 Post No. : 14615

1958 Film Suvarna Sundari was Produced by Anjali Pictures, Madras (now Chennai) and Directed by B Raghavaiyah was a Hit picture, coming from South, having a huge star cast including Anjali Devi, Shyama, Daizy Irani, Saroja Devi, Agha, Mukri, Dhumaal, Randhir, Bipin Gupta, Niranjan Sharma, Sachin Shankar, Kamaljit, Sapru, Gummadi, Vishwanath, Chaudhury, Radhakishan, Piketi etc.

According to HFGK, it had 14 songs, all written by Bharat Vyas with Music by Adi Narayan Rao, assisted by Satyam Munnuswami and TV Raju.

Only two songs:

1. Kuhu Kuhu Bole Koyalita – Lata Rafi Duet

2. Mujhe Naa Bulaa – Lata Solo

have been included in our Sureela Musical Blog up till now and this, a Lata Solo, is the third addition.

There were nine songs by Lataji (Solo and duets) in this film and this one is the third song on our Blog

It is an obvious Sales pitch song, with the seller, Anjali Devi selling toys on the street and is surrounded by many children.


Song-Le Lo Ji Le Lo Gudiya(Suvarna Sundari)(1958) Singer-Lata, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, Music-Adi Narayan Rao

Lyrics

ho o o o o oo
ho o o o ooo

le lo ji le lo gudiya aa aa
jaadu ki hai yeh pudiya aa aa
chhajje pe khadi khadi
naache yeh ghadi ghadi
khhan khhan bajaaye choodiyaan
hoo ooo
le lo ji le lo gudiya aa aa
jaadu ki hai yeh pudiya aa aa
chhajje pe khadi khadi
naache yeh ghadi ghadi
khhan khhan bajaaye choodiyaan
hoo ooo
le lo ji le lo gudiya

ho ooo
o ladke kyun jiya tera dhadke
khada hai kyun akad ke
kya paisa tu laaya re
jeb khaali soorat hai niraali
bana re tu mavaali
kyun man bharmaaya re
meri gudiya chhabeeli rangeeli badi
dekho pahne huye motiyon ki ladi
mujhe duniyaa mein sabse ye mahangi padi
gori gori
gori gori kamar mein bandhi dori
dulhan naache chhori
dhinak dhin dha
ho ooo oo
le lo ji le lo ji gudiya

nanhi munhi idhar udhar thumak thumak dole
gori mori ghoonghat ka pat khole re naa khole
hoy nanhi munhi idhar udhar thumak thumak dole
gori mori ghoonghat ka pat khole re naa khole
laaj aaye ri yeh laajwanti badi
phool se halki hai yeh meri phuljhadi
dekho parde mein mukhda chhupaaye khadi
dheere dheere
dheere dheere baabuji munh chhupaana
nazar na lagaana
naazuk gudiya
hoo ooo
le lo ji le lo gudiya
jaadu ki hai yeh pudiya aa aa
chhajje pe khadi khadi
naache yeh ghadi ghadi
khhan khhan bajaaye chudiya
hoo ooo
le lo ji le lo gudiya

aaa aaaa aaa aaa
aaa aaaa aaa aaa
aaa aaaa aaa aaa
aa aaaa aaa aaa


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3693 Post No. : 14607

Songs to Tickle Your Memory – 36
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Seriously, for some reason, I have always carried this impression that this song is already posted on our blog. And not just that, also that it has been posted long back. The song itself has not been seen online for a long time. And dear friend, Shri Arvinder ji, has been requesting me for months now to upload it. And I have been postponing it, for reasons of other preoccupations. His requests have recently been turning more sinister. So I was just by the way checking status of films of 1960s. And found that this song is not on the blog.

So now that I could also do post on the blog, then it became imperative that the song be uploaded. And seriously, I had to revive this series, which I had kind of set aside since September of 2016, after having posted 35 episodes. But this song, realizing that it is still to be posted, definitely merits consideration for this series. It certainly is a song that will tickle your memory. A song that was quite popular and often heard on the radio in those days, is now being reprised after a long gap. I am sure you are going to love it.

The words by Bharat Vyas are simple and yet exquisite. They capture the emotions of a heart that seems to be falling in love for the first time. A tussle is one between the a newly blossomed flower of champa, and the marauding bhanwara. The fresh champakali is trying to hide herself from the prying eyes of the bhanwra. She is afraid that he may not steal her heart away, and come to reside in it. And the bhanwra is floating around her, humming away, and telling her that this wonderful weather of fresh rains will pass soon. Yes, it is time to fall in love.

Surely it is. The melody is vintage Chitragupt, twining the verses of Bharat Vyas in such an enchanting manner that the heart simply gets carried away with this expression and description of budding love between the champakali and the bhanwra, a phenomena that is so intrinsic to the nature. Beautiful words, enchanting music and very playful and joyous rendering by Asha Bhosle. A very special song, indeed.

The film is ‘Mahabharat’ from 1965. The film is produced under the banner of AG Films, Bombay and is directed by Babubhai Mistry. The star cast is impressive and includes Pradeep Kumar, Padmini, Dara Singh, Abhi Bhattacharya, Jeevan, Ambika, Manhar Desai, Tiwari, Anoop Kumar, Maruti, and Achla Sachdev amongst others. Song list in Geet Kosh contains 9 songs, all created by Bharat Vyas and Chitragupt.

This is the second song of this film to come on board here. Listen, and get that ticklish feeling of meeting a very dear friend after a very long gap. Enjoy.

 

Song – Champakali Chhup Chhup Jaaye Re (Mahabharat) (1965) Singer – Asha Bhosle, Lyrics – Bharat Vyas, MD – Chitragupt
Chorus

Lyrics

aha haa haa haa haa haa haa ha..aa..aa..aa

champakali chhup chhup jaaye re
bhanwra lalchaaye re
jhaanke chori chori laaj nahin aaye re
jhaanke chori chori laaj nahin aaye re
champakali chhup chhup jaaye re
bhanwra lalchaaye re
jhaanke chori chori laaj nahin aaye re
jhaanke chori chori laaj nahin aaye re
champakali chhup chhup jaaye re

aaaa aaaaaaa aa
aaaa aaaa aaaa aaaaaaaa aa
aaaa aaa aa
aaaa aaa aa aaaaaa

chhui mui nanhi kali badi ghabraaye
koi anjaana mora jiya na le jaaye
chhui mui nanhi kali badi ghabraaye
koi anjaana mora jiya na le jaaye
boley nahin
palken khole nahin
koi kajraare nainan mein bas na jaaye re
champakali chhup chhup jaaye re
bhanwra lalchaaye re
jhaanke chori chori laaj nahin aaye re
jhaanke chori chori laaj nahin aaye re
champakali chhup chhup jaaye re

dheemi dheemi hawa chale ghata lehraaye
gun gun bhonwra bole mausam beeta jaaye
dheemi dheemi hawa chale ghata lehraaye
gun gun bhonwra bole mausam beeta jaaye
dhadhke jiya
bairi ye chhalia
mere kaanon mein preet bhara geet gaaye re
champakali chhup chhup jaaye re
bhanwra lalchaaye re
jhaanke chori chori laaj nahin aaye re
jhaanke chori chori laaj nahin aaye re
champakali chhup chhup jaaye re

———————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————–

आहा हा हा हा हा हा हा हा॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आ

चम्पाकली छुप छुप जाये रे
भँवरा ललचाये रे
झाँके चोरी चोरी लाज नहीं आए रे
झाँके चोरी चोरी लाज नहीं आए रे
चम्पाकली छुप छुप जाये रे
भँवरा ललचाये रे
झाँके चोरी चोरी लाज नहीं आए रे
झाँके चोरी चोरी लाज नहीं आए रे
चम्पाकली छुप छुप जाये रे

आsss आsssssss आs
आsss आsss आsss आsssssss आs
आsss आss आs
आsss आss आs आssssss

छुई मुई नन्ही काली बड़ी घबराए
कोई अंजाना मोरा जिया ना ले जाये
छुई मुई नन्ही काली बड़ी घबराए
कोई अंजाना मोरा जिया ना ले जाये
बोले नहीं
पलकें खोले नहीं
कोई कजरारे नैनन में बस ना जाये रे
चम्पाकली छुप छुप जाये रे
भँवरा ललचाये रे
झाँके चोरी चोरी लाज नहीं आए रे
झाँके चोरी चोरी लाज नहीं आए रे
चम्पाकली छुप छुप जाये रे

धीमी धीमी हवा चले घटा लहराए
गुन गुन भौंरा बोले मौसम बीता जाये
धीमी धीमी हवा चले घटा लहराए
गुन गुन भौंरा बोले मौसम बीता जाये
धड़के जिया
बैरी ये छलिया
मेरे कानों में प्रीत भरा गीत गाये रे
चम्पाकली छुप छुप जाये रे
भँवरा ललचाये रे
झाँके चोरी चोरी लाज नहीं आए रे
झाँके चोरी चोरी लाज नहीं आए रे
चम्पाकली छुप छुप जाये रे


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3677 Post No. : 14567

“Raaj Mukut” (1950) was directed by N Vakil for Mohan Pictures. The movie had Nimmi, Jairaj, Veena, Ramsingh, Sapru, Tabassum, R. Sinha etc in it.

The movie had eleven songs in it. Three of these songs have been covered in the blog.

Here is the fourth song from “Raaj Mukut” (1950) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Geeta Dutt (then Geeta Roy). Bharat Vyas is the lyricist. Music is composed by Pt Govindram.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Meri lagi kisi se preet duniya kya jaane (Raj Mukut)(1950) Singer-Geeta Dutt, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-Pt Govind Ram

Lyrics

meri lagi kisi se preet
duniya kya jaane
ho kya jaane
ho meri lagi kisi se preet
duniya kya jaane
ho kya jaane
mujhe mil gaya man ka meet
mujhe mil gaya man ka meet
duniya kya jaane
ho kya jaane
ho kya jaane
meri lagi kisi se preet
duniya kya jaane
ho kya jaane

nainon ki baazi lagi
chale teer talwaar haan
nainon ki baazi lagi
chale teer talwaar
jeet gaya koi mujhe
aur gayi main haar
jeet gaya koi mujhe
aur gayi main haar
hai ajab preet ki reet
duniya kya jaane
ho kya jaane
meri lagi kisi se preet
duniya kya jaane
ho kya jaane

mere dil pe ho gaya
sainya ji ka raaj
mere dil pe ho gaya
sainya ji ka raaj
main unki raani banoon
wo mere sartaaj
main unki raani banoon
wo mere sartaaj
dil liya kisi ne jeet
duniya kya jaane
ho kya jaane
ho meri lagi kisi se preet
duniya kya jaane
ho kya jaane

aaj hai bagiya mein khile rang barange phool
aaj hai bagiya mein khile rang barange phool
daal ke jhoola prem ka
koi raha hai jhool
dal ke jhoola prem ka
koi raha hai jhool
man gaaye madhur sangeet
duniya kya jaane
ho kya jaane
man gaaye madhur sangeet
duniya kya jaane
ho kya jaane
mujhe mil gaya man ka meet
mujhe mil gaya man ka meet
duniya kya jaane
ho kya jaane
ho kya jaane
meri lagi kisi se preet
duniya kya jaane
ho kya jaane


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3650 Post No. : 14492

“Piya Milan Ki Aas” (1961) was directed by S N Tripathi for Vijay Films. J S Cashyap was the producer. The movie had Ameeta, Manoj Kumar, Sunder, Pratima Devi, Jeevan, Nalini Chonker, Daisy Irani, Indira Bansal, Polson, S. N. Tripathi etc in it.

The movie had eight songs in it. One song from the movie was discussed in the blog per year from 2010 till 2014 and as a result five songs from the movie have been covered in the blog. If the same pattern was followed then this movie would have been YIPPEED by now. 🙂

Here is the sixth song from “Piya Milan Ki Aas” (1961) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Mubarak Begam. Bharat Vyas is the lyricist. Music is composed by S N Tripathi.

The song is picturised as a mujra dance song on a lady whom I am unable to identify. I request our knowledgeable readers to help identify her.

In one of the past songs, we found Mubarak Begam singing a lullaby song which was the first song of that genre by her in the blog. Likewise, this song is most likely the first mujra song by Mubarak Begam to appear in the blog.


Gham chhodo ye saare zamaane ka (Piya Milan Ki Aas)(1961) Singer-Mubarak Begam, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-S N Tripathi

Lyrics

aa aa aa aa aa aa
gham chhodo
aji gham chhodo
gham chhodo ye saare zamaane ka
gham chhodo ye saare zamaane ka
ye mausam hai
ye mausam hai khushiyaan manaane ka
ye mausam hai khushiyaan manaane ka
gham bhulaane ka
gham chhodo ye saare zamaane ka
gham chhodo ye saare zamaane ka

kisi ki yaad mein
kisi ki yaad mein khoye huzur baithe hain
kisi ki yaad mein khoye huzur baithe hain
kisi ko dil mein basaaye zuroor baithe hain
aa aa aa aa aa aa
haan nigaahen pher ke
aa aa aa aa
nigaahen pher ke jo humse door baithe hain
haaye ae ae
idhar bhi dekhiye
idhar bhi dekhiye
idhar bhi dekhiye hum bekasoor baithe hain
meharbaan
gham chhodo ye saare zamaane ka
gham chhodo ye sare zamaane ka

meharbaan
gham chhodo ye saare zamaane ka
gham chhodo ye saare zamaane ka
ye mausam hai
ye mausam hai khushiyaan manaane ka
ye mausam hai khushiyaan manaane ka
gham bhulaane ka
gham chhodo ye saare zamaane ka
gham chhodo ye saare zamaane ka


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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 14700 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3700 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

14752

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1150
Total Number of movies covered =4034

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