Advertisements

Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Master Dhulia Songs’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3541 Post No. : 14215

Today’s song is from the film ‘Asiai Sitara’ (1937) aka ‘Star Of Asia’.

The film was made by Harshad and Jagtap. It was distributed by Wadia Movietone. The director was Haribhai Desai, the music was by Master Mohammed and the lyricist was Pt. Anuj. The film cast was master Vithal, Jenabai Pawar, Minoo the Mystique, Vasant pehelwan, Master Dhulia etc.

After the initial surge of the films made on mythology, parsi fantasies and folk tales, the adventurous film makers moved on to make films on social issues, comedy, stunts, social reforms, history, love stories and religious personalities. From 1935, the rise of stunt films in talkie version (thanks to Fearless Nadia) gave rise to a genre, which lasted till the 1950’s. After that, it faded to a natural death. Nowadays, all the heroes do the stunts themselves, but their films are not called stunt films.

However, the audience, which was accustomed to films of fantasy, costume and folk tales, still existed, so on and off such films too were made by older film makers. The film ‘Asiai Sitara’ was also one such costume film. This was a film originally made by Haribhai Desai of Surya Film Company, Bangalore, as a silent film in 1932. In those days, Bangalore was the main city in South Circuit, so many big film distributors (mostly Gujaratis) had their offices in Bangalore. After the demise of silent films, most of them closed their distribution offices and jumped into talkie film making in Bombay. Some prominent distributors were, Dr. Ambalal Patel and Chimanlal Desai (started Sagar Movietone), Ramniklal Shah (started Mohan Pictures, Ramnik Films etc.) and Haribhai Raghunath ji Desai (started Surya Film Company in Bangalore itself).

The story of Haribhai Desai is very interesting. He was born in a very wealthy family of a village near Kutch area of Gujarat. He was very intelligent and completed his graduation in Bombay. The silent film industry was developing very fast. Haribhai decided to jump into it. To get his fundamentals strong, he went to America and did his graduation from New York Institute of Cinematography. Coming back to India, he took up a job as a manager in Laxmi Pictures and later in Suvarna Pictures of Poona. With this experience and few distribution contracts, Haribhai landed in Bangalore and set up his shop as a distributor.

Very shortly, in 1929, he established his own film production company – Surya Film Company at Bangalore, which was his main aim in life. He went to Kolhapur, hunting for talent. Kolhapur was an important film making centre in those times. There, he found Ganapatrao Baakre (गणपतराव बाकरे) –  a very handsome, well built wrestler and a daredevil stunt actor working in Baburao Painter’s  Maharashtra Film Co. He also noticed another very good looking young man, with good physique, working in stunt films for free (he was from a rich family). He was Zunzar Rao Pawar  झुंझार राव पवार). His real name was DK Pawar, but was called by this name after his role in a successful company. Haribhai needed  good and well known actors. He lured them with higher salaries and brought them to Bangalore. Ganpat Rao was paid Rs.1000 pm in those days.

Production of silent films started rapidly. Their first film was ‘Raj Hriday’ (1929). It was released in four theatres in Bombay in October 1929. The publicity of this film was handled by Kikubhai Desai (father of Manmohan Desai). Film pamphlets were showered on Bombay city from an aeroplane, as an advertisement gimmick! No doubt the film ran to houseful audiences in all theatres. In a very short time both actors from Kolhapur became very popular and famous. Surya Films made about 40 silent films.

Meanwhile Zunzar Rao Pawar fell in love with an Anglo-Indian girl – Jena Lawson, who was looking for an entry in films. They got married and she became Jenabai Pawar. Haribhai was not the one to lose such opportunities. He made two films with Jenabai Pawar as a heroine. The first was ‘The Hawk’ (aka ‘Baaz Bahadur’, 1931) and the other was ‘Asiai Sitara’ (1932). She did not work in more films. Soon Baakre and Pawar family returned to Kolhapur, after four years in Bangalore.

When the silent era ended and talkie films flourished, Haribhai closed Surya Films and went to Bombay. There, he remade his two successful silent films, made with Jenabai Pawar, as talkie films, with the same heroine. ‘Baaz Bahadur’ was made in 1936 and ‘Asiai Sitara’ was made in 1937. Now that these were talkie films, Jenabai also sang in the film. She sang four songs in each film. Considering she was not Indian, the songs were reasonably good. Earlier the silent films had Ganapat Rao Baakre as the hero, now in talkie films, Master Vithal was the hero.

Master Vithal (1906-1969) was the first superstar of silent films. He also has the credit of being the hero of the first talkie film of India ‘Aalam Ara’ (1931). He got this role only because of his un-paralleled popularity in silent films. He was the first ‘Angry Young Man’ of Indian cinema in the 1920s and the 1930s. His films were full of stunts, fighting and daredevil acts. Master Vithal was very handsome with a very muscular physique. He was the ideal of many aspiring young actors like Bhagwan.

So, when Bhagwan became stunt film hero and a director, his ardent wish was to act with Master Vithal or direct him. By 1940, Master Vithal was almost a gone actor, with very few Hindi films. So when Bhagwan got him to act in his film ‘Naghma e Sehra’ (1945), both Bhagwan and his close friend C Ramchandra were extremely excited. CR not only gave music to this film, but also did playback singing for Master Vithal and fulfilled his wish.

Today’s generation has no idea what position Master Vithal held in the minds of Indian audience in those days. Stunt films were very popular and Master Vithal, with his handsome looks, muscular physique and daredevil stunts was extremely popular. I am perhaps one of the very few remaining now, who has seen his film. I only remember one scene from that film, in which Master Vithal jumps from a tree onto an open car, fights with the goons and takes away the heroine, who promptly embraces him. I neither remember the name of the film nor of the heroine. She might be Zebunnisa.

Master Vithal (Vithal Raghunath Desai) made his début on the stage as a child artist with Raja Pur Natak Mandali. He then started his career as a film editor with Maharashtra Films, Kolhapur which was owned by Baburao Painter. His first film role was as a female dancer in ‘Kalyancha Khajina’, a silent era film directed by Painter. He continued to work as film editor and a dancer and played minor roles in films. His first break as a male lead was in the film ‘Ratna Manjari’ (1926) produced by Sharda Studios, which he had joined earlier in 1925. After ‘Ratna Manjari’, he was a permanent fixture in the role of a hero and he was the star attraction of the films from Sharda Studios.

Sharda Studios was owned by Nanubhai Desai, Anand Prasad Kapoor and Harshadrai Mehta.  Nanubhai Desai was the studio founder and director of many stunt films produced by the company in which Vithal appeared in swashbuckling roles with Zebunnisa as his heroine. A professional wrestler, he became a very popular fearless hero acting in films on historical themes related to Rajasthan and Maharashtra; thus giving him the title ‘the Indian Douglas Fairbanks, a title Vithal hated. Audience adored him in his stunt hero role, which became his ‘forte’. By 1930, he was the highest paid male star in Indian cinema industry.

In 1930, Vithal’s popularity in stunt films attracted Ardeshir Irani of Imperial Film Company to invite him to join his company to make India’s first talkie, though Mehboob Khan was also vying for the role. Vithal, who was quite excited by Irani’s offer, accepted and moved to Irani’s newly formed film company Sagar Studios in Bombay, breaking his contract with Sharda Studios, only by few days. Nanubhai Desai was furious and he kidnapped Master Vithal. He was kept a captive, forcing him to extend the contract with Sharda Films. When Irani came to know this, he went to the court against Sharda films. Eminent lawyers like Setalwad and Mohmmed Ali Jinnah were employed by the litigating parties.

When the case started in the court, the judge asked Master Vithal, where he would like to join. That time Sharada was paying him Rs. 300 pm. Master Vithal replied that whichever company gave him more salary, he would join them. After this, there was an auction in the court and sums were spelt for master Vithal. Imperial Film company won when they offered Rs. 1200 pm as salary. The judge gave his judgement and Master Vithal joined Imperial. Thus he became the first actor to get a four figure salary in Indian Films. He was also the first actor in the industry, to own a car. After losing Master Vithal, Sharada Film company wanted a replacement for him.  They appointed P. Jairaj, an upcoming handsome and muscular actor, on a salary of Rs. 100 pm!

The following year, Master Vithal played the hero in the first Indian talkie ‘Aalam Ara’ with Zubeida as the female lead. ‘Alam Ara’ was also the first film in which music was introduced, as many as seven music scores were part of the film. As his Hindi diction was poor, he could not deliver the dialogues properly; his acting quality in histrionic roles was also questioned. He was  shown mostly in a state of trance or semi consciousness in the film and hardly had any dialogue. It is said that Vithal could not adopt himself to the new genre of talking-singing films in Hindi as he was “reduced to a hero who is (was) magically struck dumb in Alam Ara”. In 1932, he did some more silent films, which were no longer preferred by the audience. The talkies led to the decline of his career in Hindi films. Vithal would never get a major role in Hindi films again. From 1934 onward, he started doing some Marathi films realizing his limitations. From the 1940s onward, he regularly appeared in films by Bhalji Pendharkar and those featuring Lalita Pawar and Durga Khote. He also played in a side role in the 1944 blockbuster film ‘Ramshashtri’Towards the end, he played only minor roles in Marathi films; his last film appearance was in 1966.

A lot has been said about his inability to speak Urdu dialogues and there is a popular myth, that after ‘Aalam Ara’, he did not get any talkie film and he left the Bombay film industry for Kolhapur to continue his career in Marathi films. Nothing can be farther from truth, because not only Master Vithal was cast as a hero in another talkie film, by Imperial Film Company itself – ‘Anangsena’ (1931), but many other well known production houses like Wadia, Mohan, Pradeep, BK Dave, Ranjit etc. engaged him for talkie films.

However, Master Vithal who was not very comfortable with Urdu dialogues, was no more interested in doing Hindi films anymore, so he did films very selectively. He acted in 8 silent films till 1934 and 16 talkie Hindi films till 1946. He even gave music to a film ‘Kashmir Ki Kali’ (1946), and also acted in it. All this after ‘Aalam Ara’.

Master Vithal is in history books as the first hero of the first Hindi talkie film and also has to his credit the introduction of a double role (by Shahu Modak) in a Bilingual film ‘Aawaara Shehzada’ (1933), which he directed (‘Autghatkecha Raja’ in Marathi). Master Vithal himself was the first to do a double role in silent film,’Prisoner of Love’ (aka ‘Raj Tarang’, 1927), made by Sharada Films.

Master Vithal acted in a total of 92 films – Hindi, Marathi, talkie and silent. He also directed two talkie films – one each in Hindi and Marathi. In one of his interviews, he regretted his decision to shift to Kolhapur in 1946 permanently as, he felt, this reduced his Hindi film participation. He had constructed a big chawl in Kolhapur and in his retirement years, he lived on its rental income. He died in 1969.

Haribhai Desai did not do anymore Hindi films. He was active in Gujarati films as a writer and director. He even made a Telugu film as a director. The film was ‘Bhaktimala’ (1941). It was made on the theme of Devdasi tradition of Maharashtra, where maidens are married to God. Actress P Bhanumathi did the main role. The film proved to be a great hit in south and remakes in southern languages were also made. This is considered a milestone movie in Telugu films.

‘Asiai Sitara’ has 8 songs. This song is sung by Master Dhulia, a famous Gujarati folk singer of repute. This song was composed as a parody of Saigal’s famous song “Balam Aaye Baso More Mann Mein” from film ‘Devdas’ (1935). The composer Master Mohammed, was famous for his patriotic songs. He had earlier composed another parody song, “Gaawo Gaawo Ae Mere Saadhu“, in the film ‘Miss Frontier Mail’ (1936), which was a parody of the KC Dey song ‘Jaao Jaao Ae Mere Sadho, Raho Guru Ke Sang‘ from film ‘Pooran Bhagat’ (1933).

The film ‘Asiai Sitara’ and singer ‘Master Dhulia’, both make a debut on the blog today.

[Author’s Note: Acknowledgements and thanks – The above write up refers to and has adapted material from books by Shri Vithal Pandya, Isak Mujawar, Dr RK Verma, and from Harish Raghuwanshi ji, CITWF, MuVyz.com, HFGK, Encyclopedia of Indian Films and my own notes.]

 


Song – Aan Phanse Ab Ban Mein Bhaiya (Asiai Sitara) (1937) Singer – Master Dhulia, Lyrics – Pandit Sampat Lal Shrivastav ‘Anuj’, Music – Master Mohammed
Unidentified Male Voice

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

aan phanse ab ban mein bhaeee..yyaa
aan phanse ab ban mein bhaieee..yyaa
aan phanse
aan phanse
bhai..ee..ee..ee..yaaaaaaa

aan phanse ab ban mein bhaiya
aan phanse ab ban mein
bhai..ee..ee..ee..yaaaaaaa

ye kya kar raha hai

taan maar raha hoon

jhoothe ke laaye
saanche gawaaye
jhoothe ke laaye
saanche gawaaye
sach bin lutiaa kaun piraaye
sach bin lutiaa kaun piraaye
kaari badariya barsan laagi
kaari badariya barsan laagi
baitha gar saawan mein bhaiya
baitha gar saawan mein
bhai..ee..ee..ee..yaaaaaaa

suratiya kaisi bhai kaari
kaari
kaari
suratiya kaisi bhai kaari
ab to kamariya tootan lagi
tootan laagi
tootan laagi
reh gayi mann ki mann mein bhaiyyaaa
reh gayi mann ki mann mein
bhai..ee..ee..ee..yaaaaaaa

nainanwa paayo nirbhaagi
nainanwa paayo nirbhaagi
tab hi pawanva phootan laagi
phootan laagi
phootan laagi
dhool pari nainan mein bhaiyyaaa
dhool pari nainan mein
bhai..ee..ee..ee..yaaaaaaa

kaisi bhai ye harkat

kalaam le raha hoon

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————
आन फंसे अब बन में भईsय्याआ
आन फंसे अब बन में भईsय्याआ
आन फंसे
आन फंसे
भई॰॰ई॰॰ई॰॰ई॰॰य्याआआआआ

आन फंसे अब बन में भइय्या
आन फंसे अब बन में
भई॰॰ई॰॰ई॰॰ई॰॰य्याआआआआ

ये क्या कर रहा है

तान मार रहा हूँ

झूठे के लाये
साँचे गवाए
झूठे के लाये
साँचे गवाए
सच बिन लुटिया काऊ पिराये
सच बिन लुटिया काऊ पिराये
कारी बदरिया बरसन लागी
कारी बदरिया बरसन लागी
बैठा गर सावन में भइय्या
बैठा गर सावन में
भई॰॰ई॰॰ई॰॰ई॰॰य्याआआआआ

सूरतीया कैसी भई कारी
कारी
कारी
सूरतीया कैसी भई कारी
अब तो कमरीया टूटन लागि
टूटन लागि
टूटन लागि
रह गई मन की मन में भइय्या
रह गई मन की मन में
भई॰॰ई॰॰ई॰॰ई॰॰य्याआआआआ

नैननवा पायो निरभागी
नैननवा पायो निरभागी
तब ही पवनवा फूटन लागि
फूटन लागि
फूटन लागि
धूल परी नैनन में भइय्या
धूल परी नैनन में
भई॰॰ई॰॰ई॰॰ई॰॰य्याआआआआ

कैसी भई ये हरकत

कलाम ले रहा हूँ

Advertisements

Advertisements

Important Announcement

(© 2008 - 2018) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 14700 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3700 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

14741

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1150
Total Number of movies covered =4028

Total visits so far

  • 10,972,253 hits

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 1,629 other followers

Bookmark

Bookmark and Share

Category of songs

Current Visitors

Archives

Stumble

visitors whereabouts

blogcatalog

Music Blogs - BlogCatalog Blog Directory

blogadda

Historical dates

Blog Start date: 19 july 2008

Active for more than 4000 days.

Advertisements
%d bloggers like this: