Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Lyrics by Sudhir’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4204 Post No. : 15393 Movie Count :

4243

Today’s song is from an obscure film ‘Angoori’ (1943).

The film was produced by The Indian Art Pictures, Bombay. This was a new company formed and this film was their first venture. They did not have their own studio, like many other producers. Due to the second world war, many new financiers turned to film making, using their black money earned during the rationing of many essential commodities. Even the raw film stock, used to make a movie, was controlled and naturally was available in black market freely at a premium price. Such producers got their films shot in some established studios by renting a shooting floor. The prolific film company, Ranjit, had reserved 2 floors out of their 8 shooting floors, only to be given on rent to such producers. Film ‘Angoori’ was shot in the studios of Circo Production company.

The film was based on a novel by writer LK Shukla. For the director, Mahesh Kaul, this was his debut film as a Director. So far he had been only a writer and a sundry actor in films.

Mahesh Kaul (10-4-1911 to 2-7-1972) was born in Lahore and educated in Moni College, Nagpur. After graduation, he worked as a journalist and a bank manager. He then entered films as a lyricist and dialogue writer. He debuted as an actor in KA Abbas scripted film ‘Naya Sansar’ (1941) and played Dronacharya’s role in film ‘Mahatma Vidur’ (1943). His other films as an actor were ‘Apna Ghar’ (1942), ‘Gopinath’ (1948), ‘Kaaghaz Ke Phool’ (1959) and ‘Tere Mere Sapne’ (1971). His first film as a director was ‘Angoori’, then came ‘Paristan’ in 1944. He produced and directed film ‘Gopinath’, with Raj Kapoor and IPTA actress Tripti Mitra. Some of his major films as a director are ‘Naujawaan’ (1951), ‘Aakhri Dao’ (1958), ‘Talaaq’ (1958), ‘Sautela Bhai’ (1962), ‘Palki’ (1967), ‘Sapnon Ka Saudagar’ (1968) etc. In all he directed 15 Hindi films. His last film ‘Agni Rekha’ came after his death, in 1973.

The music director for this film was GM Durrani and the lyricist was Rammurty Chaturvedi. Earlier, when the film was planned and an advertisement was published in ‘Film India’ magazine, the film had given the name of Pt. Indra as the lyricist, but later on probably he was replaced by Rammurty. The cast of the film was Ulhas, Kaushalya, Dar Kashmiri, Mukul, Chandrahas, Sunetra, PR Joshi, Angre, Ranjan, Peer Muhammad, Mukul etc. This was Durrani’s first film as an MD.

Ghulam Mustafa Durrani, often abbreviated as GM Durrani (1919 – 8 September 1988) was a popular and legendary Indian radio drama artist, playback singer, actor and music director. To his credit, he tried to make his own identity as a playback singer and not try to follow the KL Saigal type of singing. GM Durrani was notable for sad songs, romantic songs, patriotic songs, Quraan Khani, qawwalis, ghazals and bhajans. He was also one of the first Muslim singers to get to sing Hindu Devotionals. GM Durrani was also the most senior Punjabi singer-actor at that time. He was radio drama artist and full-time singer of Lahore, Delhi and Bombay stations of AIR (All India Radio, aka Akashvani (radio broadcaster)). His native language was Pashto but he had a strong command over Hindi, Urdu and Punjabi. He sang in many Indian languages including Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi and Pashto language in Indian movies in the 1930s, 1940s and 1950s. After the 50s Durrani sang very few songs. Durrani was the disciple of radio broadcaster Zulfiqar Ali Bukhari.

Ghulam Mustafa Durrani was born in Peshawar, British India in 1919. He was a Pathan (Pashtun) and belonged to the Mohammad Zai Durrani Kabila. He was from a conservative family where even tea was not taken. Milk and lassi were the drinks of choice. When he used to go to those shops and some songs used to be heard, he used to hum along with them. Everyone used to say this boy should go to Bombay, as his voice was very good. The thought of becoming an actor entered his mind as well. He soon ran out of money to make ends meet.

His mother had expired when he was very young. Father was educated and of artistic mind but very strict, and the only ally at the home was his loving grandmother. But she could also not protect him from his father’s anger.

The last job Durrani did in Peshawar was of at a painter’s shop where an artist always used to hum the tunes of the songs composed by highly respected composer and actor Rafiq Ghaznavi. He also started imitating those songs and got appreciation from the colleagues which inspired him. Durrani started practising Rafiq Ghaznavi’s songs and assumed him as his master. During this time, his father took him to another job at his uncle’s motor-part shop. But the artist within, didn’t stay long there and Durrani ran away from the home to Lahore with only 22 rupees in his pocket.

In Lahore, Durrani did odd jobs along with singing on radio. This brought him fame and passion for radio singing which took him to Delhi first, and then to Bombay. He came to Bombay on 14 April 1935. In Bombay, he got somehow a job at the Radio Station and from here he got recognition. Film wallahs started calling him to sing.

His singing career started from AIR. Durrani was discovered by film producer Sohrab Modi of Minerva Film Company (later known as Minerva Movietone). Modi gave him his first break around 1935-36 in the movie ‘Saed-e-Havas’ (1936), a historical under the music director, classical musician Bundu Khan popularly known as ‘Taan-Talwar‘ Bundu Khan.

When Durrani came to Bombay playback system was not there and one had to act on screen. He didn’t like running around trees and refused to work further. He faced a lot of difficulties and could not return as people would call him a ‘Kanjar‘. Minerva was reportedly to close down soon too. He soon joined the Delhi Radio Station of AIR (Akashvani). Durrani was working at the Delhi Radio Station where he got acquainted with poet Behzad Lakhnavi whose many ghazals had been sung by Mallika-e-Ghazal (Queen of Ghazals) Akhtari Bai Faizabadi, later to become famous as Begum Akhtar.

He later shifted to the Bombay Radio Station where he met a big personality at the time, whom he considered his ustad (master), Station Director of Bombay station of AIR (Akashvani), Baba-e-Nasharayat (Father of Broadcasting) Zulfiqar Ali Bukhari who helped the radio station come up a lot. Durrani always referred to Zulfiqar Ali Bukhari as ustad as a mark of honour. (ZA Bukhari, was the Station Director of Delhi station and then Bombay station of AIR (Akashvani). After the partition of India and creation of Pakistan, Bukhari migrated to Pakistan. He was made the first director-general of Radio Pakistan (Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation) and later, he served as general manager of PTV (Pakistan Television Corporation)).

Durrani’s salary was fixed at Rs 40 per month. Here he was working as a drama artist. He was soon counted as one of the best drama artist on the radio those days. Over a period of three years his salary had gone up to Rs 70 per month. But fate would soon call him back to films. In 1939-40, when the method of playback singing was already in use, he returned to films, to lend his voice for a film titled ‘Bahurani’ (1940) as his first playback singing assignment. The film was made by Sagar Movietone and its music director was Rafiq Ghaznavi. Durrani was then working as a full-time Singer in AIR (Akashvani). Those were British days and they were not allowed to do any private recordings. But Ghaznavi insisted. and Durrani laid down some conditions, like; the recording should be fixed on a Sunday night so that no outsiders would be allowed to enter the studio. Secondly, he said that his name shouldn’t appear in credit titles or on discs. The song was a duet with Miss Rose, an Anglo-Indian, who didn’t have much experience as a singer. He was paid Rs. 75 for the song as against his salary of Rs. 70 a month at AIR (Akashvani). He then left  his job at AIR on 31st December 1940 and decided to concentrate fully on his film career.

Thereafter he sang for, among others, noted music directors like Khawaja Khurshid Anwar, friend Naushad, Shankar Rao Vyas and AR Qureshi (also known as Alla Rakha, Pandit Ravi Shanker’s famous tabla accompanist) for films like ‘Namaste’ (1943), ‘Shama’ (1946), ‘Mirza Sahiban’ (1947), ‘Magroor’ (1950), ‘Sabak’ (1950), ‘Humlog’ (1951) and scores of others. He became very popular. Many singers started their careers with him and he inspired many others too.

He was the idol of Mohammed Rafi who imitated him in the initial days. Now what could be a better tribute to singer than that, that the symbol of divinity in the Indian Music Industry, Mohammad Rafi, followed him. In fact, in 1944 Rafi recorded what he considered his first Hindi language song for the film ‘Gaon ki Gori (1944) for Shyam Sunder, “Aji Dil Ho Kaaboo Mein To Dildaar Ki Aisi Taisi” with GM Durrani and chorus.

Geeta Dutt also started her career in her break through movie ‘Do Bhai’ (1947) with the song “Aaj Preet Ka Naata Toot Gaya“, a duet with GM Durrani for SD Burman.

Similarly, “Haaye Chhore Ki Jaat Badi Bewafa“, (in film ‘Chaandni Raat’, (1949), a duet with GM Durrani, was Lata’s first song for composer, Naushad.

Durrani has sung many songs during his career. His output later reduced. According to a story he was influenced not to sing for some time after his Hajj visit and Rafi then helped him get back to singing but by then his career was over. Music composer Khawaja Khurshid Anwar in his first film ‘Kurmai’ (Punjabi-1941) took Durrani as his assistant and later gave him the film ‘Angoori’ (1943) as music director.

In the period of KL Saigal – Surinder, Khan Mastaana and GM Durrani were also famous. GM Durrani was one of the 40s legendary playback singers. Durrani tried to make his own identity as a playback singer and not try to follow the KL Saigal type of singing. His singing style was to inspire Rafi and others in the years to come. Later GM Durrani became a model to many playback singers who followed then. The soulful renditions of Durrani were to be reminded of by Talat’s singing as well.

Mohammed Rafi was influenced most notably, by GM Durrani on whose style he based his singing. He sang with his idol in some of the songs such as “Humko Hanste Dekh Zamana Jalta Hai” (Hum Sab Chor Hain, 1956) and “Khabar Kisi Ko Nahin Wo Kidhar Ko Dekhte Hain” (Beqasoor, 1950).

Durrani considered his first famous song was “Duniya Mein Sab Jode Jode” of the film ‘Sharda’ (1942) composed by Naushad.

The song “Neend Hamaari Khwaab Tumhaare Kitne Meethe Kitne Pyaare“, that made him a real rage was however composed by Shyam Sundar for the movie ‘Nai Kahaani’ (1943). This song, sung most part by GM Durrani with some support by child-star Balakram, was playing everywhere. When he sang, this song, the listeners went crazy. This timeless melody can never be forgotten by fans of Indian Cinema. Nearly 40 years later, when Tata Oil Mills did a program Mortal Men Immortal Melodies to celebrate fifty years of talkies in India, they invited him to re-render the song. Although many had forgotten him, his voice was still great and he got a standing applause for it.

There was a time when GM Durani was the favourite and most preferred singer for most composers in the industry. From 1941 to 1951, he sang over 300 songs. He is a case of “Riches to Rags”. Once a rich and famous singer,he spent his last few years fighting with throat cancer, poverty and loneliness. His end was quite pathetic.

GM Durani was a leading singer, like Surendra. The difference was Surendra sang only in his own films and thus had limitations,but Durrani was a playback singer, without much competition. In the 40s, there were hardly any male Playback singers,because most singers were actors themselves and sang their own songs, like Asit Baran. Karan Dewan, Ashok Kumar, Prem Adeeb, Arun Ahuja, Balwant singh, CH Atma, Ishwarlal, kantilal, KL Saigal, Pahadi Sanyal etc. There were of course few playback singers like Khan Mastaana, SD Batish, AR Oza, Balbir etc., but they were no competition to Durrani at all.

Because of this ,some singers were jealous of him and there was an attempt to poison him with Mercury Chloride (sindoor) given in a paan  by another well known singer. All relevant stories point out fingers to Hafeez Khan Mastaana in this incident as the culprit. Before he could confess, which he wanted to it seems, Mastaana died in absolute poverty and in total neglect near Mahim Dargah.  Later on his only son used to be seen begging there for quite some time. One of the RMIM members had met him there.

After singing assignments dried up, he opened a provision stores in Mahim, Bombay and ran it for 3 years. Finally, when the losses mounted, he sold off the business in loss.

In his last days, Durrani had throat cancer. He was looked after well by his sons and daughters. In his last days, he was interviewed by the famous writer Shri Rajnikumar Pandya ji. After I came to know Shri Pandya ji, he kindly gifted me a CD containing this last interview of Durrani. The interview was conducted just one day prior to his death . So I have not only Durrani’s real voice, but also a song he sang from his deathbed for this interview ! Thanks to Shri Pandya ji. GM Durrani, in that last interview claimed that he had helped both financially and professionally two rising singers – Mohd. Rafi and Lata Mangeshkar, in their initial struggling period. He describes his first meetings with them in the interview.

GM Durani sang many memorable songs like, “Haath Seene Pe Jo Rakh Do To Qaraar Aa Jaaye“, with Noorjehan in ‘Mirza Sahiban’ (1947), “Laara Lappa Laara Lappa Laai Rakhda” with Lata in ‘Ek thi Ladki’ (1949), “Nazar Phero Na Ham Se” with Shamshad Begum in ‘Deedar’ (1951), “Gaaye Chala Jaa“, with Lata in ‘Hum Log’ (1951), “Humko Hanste Dekh Zamana Jalta Hai” with Rafi in ‘Hum Sab Chor Hain’ (1956. Durrani sang about 300 songs. His last song came in ‘Lal Pathar’ (1971). Co-incidentally, in this last film, he also appeared on screen, lip syncing a song by Mohd Rafi – “Unke Khayaal Aaye To Aate Chale Gaye“.

GM Durrani acted in 16 films, from 1949 to 1978. He sang 305 songs in 168 films. He gave music as MD in 8 films and also wrote lyrics in film ‘Nazaare’ (1949).

An odd name in the cast of ‘Angoori’ is Dar Kashmiri. A little information about this name. He was the eldest brother of Omkar Nath Dar aka OK Dar  aka Jeevan.

Om Prakash Dar was born into a  large family. He had 23 siblings. His grandfather was the Governor of Gilgit in Gilgit-Baltistan. He lost his father when the youngest- Jeevan – was 3 years old and his mother died at childbirth. Being the eldest, he came to Bombay in search of jobs and entered films. Instead of his original long name, he was called Dar Kashmiri.

Actually, when Jeevan came to Bombay in search of film roles, Om Prakash Dar aka Dar kashmiri, his elder brother, was already working in films. Jeevan appeared first time in ‘Fashionable India’ (1935). Since his name was Onkar Nath, he was billed as OK Dar (and not Dar Kashmiri – please note).

His elder brother Dar Kashmiri worked in many films- some of them are – ‘Noor Mahal’ (1934), ‘Watan Parast’ (1934), ‘Yaad Rahe’ (1940), ‘Abla’ (1941), ‘Saugandh’ (1942), ‘Angoori’ (1943), ‘Naya Taraana’ (1943), ‘Room No. 9’ (1946), ‘Hua Savera’ (1948′, ‘Kundan’ (1955) and ‘Ayodhyapati’ (1956). and many other films. In every film, he was billed as Dar Kashmiri only.

Jeevan was billed as  OK Dar (Jeevan) from film ‘Romantic India’ (1936) onwards and then on as Jeevan only – except still a few films where he was billed as OK Dar (Jeevan). In film ‘Patit Paavan’ (1955), both brothers acted and they were individually billed as Jeewan and Dar Kashmiri. This settles their name issue completely.

Let us now listen to this duet. With this song, film ‘Angoori’ of 1943, makes its debut on the blog.

(Information about GM Durrani here, is based partly on an article in www.peoplepill.com and from Rajani Kumar Pandya ji’s book ‘Aap ki Parchhainyan’. I acknowledge and my thanks to both. Information on Dar Kashmiri is from Filmdom-46).


Song – Nainon Mein Naina Deenho Daal. . . O. . . Baanke Naina Waale (Angoori) (1943) Singer – Kaushalya, GM Durrani, Lyricist – Ram Murty Chatruvedi, MD – GM Durrani
Kaushalya + GM Durrani

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

nainon main naina deenho daal
nainon main naina deenho daa..aal
oo oo ooooo
baanke naina waale
nainon main naina deenhi daal
nainon main naina deenhi daa..aal
oo oo ooooo
baanke naina waali
nainon main naina deenho daal

jaat dagariya lad gaye sajni
jaat dagariya lad gaye sajni
chanchal nain hamaare
chanchal nain hamaare
chhail tere zulmi nainon se
chhail tere zulmi nainon se
nain hamaare haare
nain hamaare haare
oo oo ooooo
baanke naina waale
nainon main naina deenhi daal
nainon main naina deenhi daa..aal
oo oo ooooo
baanke naina waale
nainon main naina deenho daal

baney baawre pyaase naina
baney baawre pyaase naina
ab to naa tarsaao
ab to naa tarsaao
bas kar ke nainon mein pi
bas kar ke nainon mein pi
nainon ki pyaas bujhaao
nainon ki pyaas bujhaao
oo oo ooooo
baanke naina waale
nainon main naina deenho daal
nainon main naina deenho daa..aal
oo oo ooooo
baanke naina waale

nainon main naina deenho daa..aal
nainon main naina deenho daa..aal

————————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
————————————————————

नैनों में नैना दीन्हों डाल
नैनों में नैना दीन्हों डा॰॰ल
ओ ओ ओss
बाँके नैना वाले
नैनों में नैना दीन्हीं डाल
नैनों में नैना दीन्हीं डा॰॰ल
ओ ओ ओss
बाँके नैना वाली
नैनों में नैना दीन्हों डाल

जात डगरिया लड़ गए सजनी
जात डगरिया लड़ गए सजनी
चंचल नैना हमारे
चंचल नैना हमारे
छैल तेरे ज़ुल्मी ननों से
छैल तेरे ज़ुल्मी नैनों से
नैन हमारे हारे
नैन हमारे हारे
ओ ओ ओss
बाँके नैना वाले
नैनों में नैना दीन्हीं डाल
नैनों में नैना दीन्हीं डा॰॰ल
ओ ओ ओss
बाँके नैना वाली
नैनों में नैना दीन्हों डाल

बने बावरे प्यासे नैना
बने बावरे प्यासे नैना
अब तो ना तरसाओ
अब तो ना तरसाओ
बस करके नैनों में पी
बस करके नैनों में पी
नैनों की प्यास बुझाओ
नैनों की प्यास बुझाओ
ओ ओ ओss
बाँके नैना वाले
नैनों में नैना दीन्हों डाल
नैनों में नैना दीन्हों डा॰॰ल
ओ ओ ओss
बाँके नैना वाले

नैनों में नैना दीन्हों डाल
नैनों में नैना दीन्हों डा॰॰ल


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4200 Post No. : 15384

Today’s song is from the first decade of the talkie era and from one of the very popular Saigal films coming from New Theatres, Calcutta, ‘President’ (1937).

Ardeshir Irani of Imperial Film Co. won the race with Calcutta’s Madon Theatres and released the first talkie film of India – ‘Alam Ara’ (1931) and a revolution took place in the Indian Film Industry ! With just one shot, scores of Anglo-Indian actresses of the silent era became jobless, because they could not speak Hindi or sing a song. Smaller producers of silent films just shut their shops, because now, a single talkie film needed 4 times more investment compared to cheaper varieties of silent films produced earlier. The financial wizards understood the new opportunity of making money by investing in talkie film production. The number of staff of film companies increased and the big players with sound finances, became ready to grow bigger.

By 1934, the production of silent films ceased completely. Some of the noted film makers like V Shantaram, for example, who had shunned the talkie films initially as a temporary aberration, now took keen interest in making talkie films. They realised that talkie films could be an excellent vehicle for giving out social reform messages to the society. Initially, though the talkie films were made on folk tales, Parsi dramas and mythological stories, after 4-5 years the trend changed in its content and we can see a variety of genres in films then.

The playback was introduced in 1935 at Calcutta and in 1937 at Bombay – both by Bengali MDs. So, in 1937 films became mature. The other major highlights of 1937 were. . .
1.The first songless film – ‘Naujawan’ – was made by the Wadias
2. First English poem was used as a song in a Hindi film – which is available even today.
3. Younger MDs like Gobind Ram, Gyan Dutt, Ram Gopal Pande etc started their film careers.
4. Prabhat Films brought out their first film on social reforms – ‘Duniya Na Maane’. Same time New Theatres gave ‘Mukti’, ‘Ánath Ashram’ and ‘President’, on social issues.
5. First colour film – ‘Kisan Kanya’, indegenously shot and processed by Imperial, was released.

In 1937, a total of 176 films were made in India, out of which 102 were Hindi films. 14 films were made in Calcutta, 2 in Poona, 1 each in Kolhapur and Lahore and 83 films were made in Bombay alone, establishing itself as the undisputed Capital of Film Industry. In Bombay, the major players (film companies) made films in 1937 alone, thus – Prabhat-2, Ranjit-8, Sagar-6, Bombay Talkies-4, Minerva-2, Huns Pictures-3, Wadias-4, Prakash-3 and the maximum films were made by Imperial-9. The rest films were made by dozens of smaller production houses and individual producers under their banners. The major companies made 41 films, which was a major chunk of the 83 Bombay made films, in 1937.

Out of this, some notable films were – ‘Khwab Ki Duniya’ made by Prakash, was based on the famous novel and a subsequent Hollywood film ‘The Invisible Man’ (1933). The trick scenes were lapped up by the audiences. ‘Mahageet’ made by Sagar, heralded the playback singing in Bombay. ‘Savitri’ made by Bombay Talkies, was Ashok kumar’s first mythological film (he acted in another film ‘Úttara Abhimanyu’ (1946) later on). ‘Naujawan’ was Wadia’s first songless talkie film of India.

By 1937, the film music had also undergone total change. From stage drama style music, now MDs tried various other original melodies. Thus music became one of the major attractions of a film. Particularly some film songs are such that they occupy a special place in our heart. Many such songs of Hindi films are known to all of us and at some point of time we all had also got carried away with such songs. The other day, I was reading the book- “Golden period of film music 1931-1960” by film historian and writer Isak Mujawar ( चित्रपट संगीताचा सुवर्णकाळ १९३१-१९६०), in which he has related an anecdote…

When Producer Director Raj Khosla was a small boy, his father used to love Saigal songs. They had an ancient type of gramophone and his father would always play Saigal’s song “Ik Bungala Bane Nyaara” from film ‘President’-1937. It was his favourite song. Even Raj used to like this song. As he grew older he always used to remember his father and this song. In 1969, when he made film “Do Raaste”, he created a scene in it, in which Balraj Sahani – the eldest  of the three brothers in the film, always listens to this song on his gramophone. The same song is played in the film many times. In fact,the entire film story is built around that song.”
(free translation from Marathi).

When I read this, out of curiosity I opened my laptop and went to You Tube. I searched for the film ‘Do Raaste’ and watched it. Lo and behold ! The song indeed is played by Balraj Sahani and I too – along with Balraj Sahani – enjoyed the song again. Nowadays, we find in many films, old songs are played. Our own Sudhir ji is also running a series of such songs on this blog.

About a month back, I came across 2 song snippets, from film President-37, which I found were not covered in the Blog so far. The problem was, one song was of only 40 seconds and the other was of 50 seconds. Next day, I had urgent engagements till next 10 days, so I left the matter at that. However, when I became free, I sent those snippets to Atul ji and Sudhir ji. Sudhir ji informed me that the shorter song was opening part of the famous song “Ek Bangala Bane Nyaara” and was already covered in the blog. However the other 50 second snippet needed some work on it. Sudhir ji restored it by editing, cutting, joining and adding the missing song lines to it, etc. to make it a song of respectable duration of 2+ minutes. It included some dialogues also. He even uploaded it. I thank Sudhir ji for mending, amending and sending the song to me for presentation.

As per HFGK, there are 8 songs in film President. 6 songs are already discussed. In these posts, lot of information about the film and related matters has already been given , so there is nothing left to write about these matters. However, I have found that the synopsis of the film given by the Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema takes a different angle of the story than what is already given in the blog. So I am reproducing it here to know what it means. . .

A famous Saigal musical narrating a strange love story set against 1930s industrialisation and worker-management relations. The 16-year-old Prabhavati (Chandrabati Devi/Kamlesh Kumari) inherits a mill and turns it into an extremely profitable enterprise.

Prakash (Saigal) is a worker who designs a more efficient machine for the factory for which he first gets sacked and then is re-employed. He falls in love with Prabhavati’s sister Sheila (Leela Desai), who later makes way for Prabhavati who is also in love with Prakash.

Her withdrawal distresses Prakash, causing him to bully the workers who then go on strike. Prabhavati realises the problem and presumably commits suicide (she disappears into an office and locks the door) for the good of her sister and of the business. The hint is about her death.

The unmistakable thrust of the story is that the ‘personal’ (i.e. relations with women) should not be allowed to interfere in male pursuits like business or management, equated with social good. The film has Saigal’s classic number Ek bangla bane nyara. The plot echoes the Guru Dutt script for the unfinished Baharain Phir Bhi Ayengi.

Let us now listen to this reborn 7th song. Some dialogues come free with the song…


Song – Door. . . Bahut Door (President) (1937) Singer – Bikram Nahar, Lyricist – [Unattributed], MD – Pankaj Mullick
Leela Desai
Jagdish Sethi

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

[jeejee
ae ree jeejee
toone jo kiya thheek kiya
tujhe ye sab kuchh chhod kar chala jaana hoga
door
bahut door
bahut door
]

door
bahut door
phir bhi tum itne nahin door
jitna aankhon se noor
phir bhi tum itne nahin door
jitna aankhon se noor

[damn it
daam aankhen
damn noor
]

ras bhari vaani se to
man ki kali
khil gayi
khil gayi
hic
theeeeeeee
kathor vachan
hic
sunte hi
murjhaayi
hic

[Vikram
ye bakwaas band karoge ya nahin]

[. . .]
[..clipped dialogues..]
[. . .]

[apne us rascal se keh dena ki
uski daal ab yahaan nahin galegi

Sheela darling us’se nafrat karti hai

Sheela dear. . .]

[tum isi laayak ho

raat khatm hone waali hai
jee bhar ke ro sako to ro lo
savere tak dil ki bhadaas nikal jaayegi
ghabraane ko koi baat nahin
]

mere nainan ke tat pe shnaan
birha ki kaali raat
karti hai jis bhaant(?)
ho jaati hai parbhaat
mere nainan ke tat pe shnaan
birha ki kaali raat
karti hai jis bhaant(?)
ho jaati hai parbhaat

haar mein hoti hai jeet
yahi ee
hai
preeet ki reeeet

————————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
————————————————————

[जीजी
ए री जीजी
तूने जो किया ठीक किया
तुझे ये सब छोड़ कर चला जाना होगा
दूर
बहुत दूर
बहुत दूर]

दूर
बहुत दूर
फिर भी तुम इतने नहीं दूर
जितना आँखों से नूर
फिर भी तुम इतने नहीं दूर
जितना आँखों से नूर

[डैम इट
डैम आँखें
डैम नूर]

रस भरी वाणी से तो
मन की काली
खिल गई
खिल गई
हिक
थी॰॰॰
कठोर वचन
हिक
सुनते ही
मुरझाई

[विक्रम
ये बकवास बंद करोगे या नहीं]

[. . .]
[..संवाद कट..]
[. . .}

[अपने उस रास्कल से कह देना कि
उसकी दाल अब यहाँ नहीं गलेगी

शीला डार्लिंग उससे नफरत करती है

शीला डियर ॰ ॰ ॰]

[तुम इसी लायक हो

रात खत्म होने वाली है
जी भर कर रो सको तो रो लो
सवेरे तक दिल कि भड़ास निकाल जाएगी
घबराने कि कोई बात नहीं]

मेरे नैनन के तट पे श्नान
बिरहा  कि काली रात
करती है जिस भाँत(?)
हो जाती है परभात
मेरे नैनन के तट पे श्नान
बिरहा  कि काली रात
करती है जिस भाँत(?)
हो जाती है परभात

हार में होती है जीत
यही॰॰॰
है
प्रीत कि रीत


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4104 Post No. : 15255 Movie Count :

4192

Today’s song is from film ‘Gokul Ka Raja’ (1954). This is the first song of this film to be discussed here. I am surprised how this film was not featured on the blog so far, because songs of this film have been on You Tube for quite some time. May be, because the entire team of this mythological film was from Marathi film industry and the names of producer, director, MD, or the cast were not familiar to the most people. It is because this was a bilingual film, made first in Marathi as ‘Gokulcha Raja’ (गोकुळचा राजा) way back in 1950 and the Hindi version was released only in 1954.

Made by Yashodhan Chitra, Bombay for producers Nana Bapat and Haribhau Guruji, the film was directed by a well known Marathi Director – Bal Gajbar. He had earlier directed another bilingual Hindi-Marathi film ‘Sandesh’ (1952) and before that yet another bilingual ‘Mere Laal’ (1948) (माझं बाळ in Marathi). Bal Gajbar had directed few Kannada films too, like ‘Vichitra Prapancha’ (1955). Before becoming a director, he was an art director with V Shantaram’s Rajkamal Kala Mandir.

All songs of the film were written by YN Joshi. The Music Director was Shridhar Parsekar – a name very few people will remember. I wrote about him first time in my series “Less Known Composers”, on 17-12-2012, seven years ago. Not much was known about him then. In January 2017, Sadanand Kamath ji wrote on him. In last nearly 3 years, some new information has become available on him, so his bio data is now updated further. As the new sources give new information, the history keeps on updating itself. This is a regular process of nature.

Hindi film music is like an ocean. As many rivers merge into the ocean at various stages, regional music from various parts of India is assimilated in HFM (Hindi Film Music).

Initially it was the Marathi stage/natya sangeet and Parsee Theatre which influenced HFM. In the East, it was Robindra Sangeet and Nazrul Geeti made the basis of film songs. In the Lahore centre it was the Punjabi style after ‘Khazanchi’ (1941).

After Partition and polarisation of film production language wise, it was BOMBAY, which became the centre for HFM and it was a wonderful mixture of music specialties from all over the country. There were many successful Music Directors in India. I remember a famous quotation – “Behind every successful man there is a woman.”

Can you tell me,who is behind every successful Music Director ? I am sure many of us do not have the answer.

The answer is THE ARRANGER.

Now, who is this arranger? Some have a vague idea, some may even think, he is the person who arranges song recordings and the musicians.

An arranger is the SOUL of film music. Once the composer conceives the tune for a song, he tells it to the arranger, who immediately makes its notations (writing music or Swar Lipi), which a properly schooled musician can read and play. Arranger also decides the instruments and their placements in the song. Most of the arrangers in the Film Industry were from Goa, where traditionally Jazz music was very popular.

A typical Goan likes to live life – ‘sushegaat’– which loosely means ‘araam se‘ or a carefree life. Their philosophy is eat, drink and be merry. This merry part includes Music.

Goa has given many musicians to India. Lata/Asha are  from Mangeshi – Goa, though the family had shifted to Kolhapur, MDs Dattaram (Wadkar) and N Datta (Datta Naik), Singers Kishori Amonkar, Kesarbai Kerkar, Shobha Mudgal, Hema Sardesai, Prabhakar Karekar, Remo Fernandez, Lorna are from Goa. (The list is only indicative, not exhaustive).

Most Arrangers were from Goa —-

Anthony Gonsalves from Majorda, Goa. He worked for Naushad,OP Nayyar and LP. The famous song “My Name Is Anthony Gonsalves” is a tribute by LP to him. He had taught Pyaarelal so many things including notations.

Chic Chocolate aka Anthony Vaz from Aldona, Goa. He worked for C Ramchandra mainly.

Chris Perry worked for Khayyam, RD Burman, Kalyanji Anandji, and Laxmikant Pyaarelal.

Frank Fernando – Anil Biswas, Kishore Kumar, Roshan, C Ramchandra.

Sebastian D’Souza from Bicholim, Goa – worked for Shanker Jaikishen from 1952 to 1975, and also OP Nayyar.

Most of the players of western instruments in the orchestras were from Goa.

From this crop of musicians from Goa, there was one outstanding musician – SHRIDHAR PARSEKAR, who was a singer, a famous violin player, composer of many Marathi songs/films/dramas and few Hindi films. He was an expert in playing almost 10 different instruments.

SHRIDHAR PARSEKAR was born in 1920 in Goa. From the childhood he was a lover of music and learnt classical music, first from his uncle Parshuram Buwa Parsekar and he was trained by him in playing various instruments like harmonium, jaltarang, tabla and violin. He was a disciple of Gajanan Buwa Joshi a noted musician. He operated a vand in Bardez, Goa and played violin, clarinet, harmonium and many other instruments. He was a genius and soon became famous for playing violin.

He came to Bombay and continued learning music here under many well known gurus, like Khadeem Hussain Khan, Natthan Khan and Anwar Hussain. Soon he was performing in stage shows doing jugalbandis with stars of the day like Ravi Shanker, Vilayat Khan and Akbar Ali Khan. Kishen Maharaj was very pleased with him. For some time he joined AIR Bombay as a musician and got friendly with Ustad Alla Rakha who also worked in AIR. RG Ramnathkar, who got him the AIR job, also taught him many Raaga/Raaginis. Parsekar worked at AIR for 6 years.

Later he worked as asst. to Music Director Annasaheb Mainkar and then started as MD for Marathi Films and stage dramas. His music in dramas like ‘Bhakta Damaji’, ‘Paisa Bolto Ahe’, ‘Kuber’ and ‘Kanyadaan’ was very popular. He also recorded many bhavgeets and natyageets from reputed singers in Marathi. HMV and Odeon published his records. Singers like Jyotsna Bhole, Saraswati Rane, Hirabai Badodekar, Vatsala Kumthekar and Master Krishnarao Chonkar also sang for him. One of his songs- “Vithal Vithal Gajari, Awaghi Dum Dumali Pandhari” ( “विठ्ठल विठ्ठल गजरी, अवघी दुमदुमली पंढरी” ) from ‘Bhakta Damaji’ is so popular that it is sold even today.

With Marathi films, recording of private songs, stage shows with prominent musicians, Shridhar had every happiness with him. He had a bungalow, cars, bank balance, name, fame and plenty of demand. He wrote a book on music – ‘Swar Ninad‘.

And then it happened !

He became an alcoholic. Normally, a person becomes alcoholic when he is unsuccessful. But this was an opposite case. While on the top of success he became an alcoholic. He used to drink day and night.

Once there was a jugalbandi programme with Ustad Vilayat Khan. Shridhar came fully drunk to the theatre. Vilayat Khan scolded him and left the show. Such things kept on happening, leading to his downfall. He stopped getting work and all his wealth, house, cars etc. was sold for liquor. His condition was such that he would play violin on streets and earn money. Lata Mangeshkar has narrated an incident, which I read in a book ‘From Noorjehan to Lata’ by Isak Mujawar. The book says…

“One day Lata’s car stopped in the traffic. Out of curiosity she peeped out to see what happened. There was a person in tattered clothes playing a violin beautifully and people had gathered to listen to him. Some people gave him alms. She asked the driver if he knew that person. The driver replied that it was Parsekar Buwa. She got down, went to Parsekar and told him to come with her. She will look after him now. On this, Parsekar replied that her father had asked him to look after their family, which he could not do, so why should she look after him. If she wanted to help, just give some money. She gave him 50 rupees and he almost ran away from there – probably to the wine shop !“

Finally Shridhar Parsekar died of liver cirrhosis on 10-9-1964 !  He was only 44 years old !!  Such a brilliant artist wasted by alcohol. So sad ! Pt Ravi Shankar and Vilayat Khan had personally met his family after his death, so much was the respect for his talent !!

In addition to 7 Marathi films, Shridhar Parsekar gave music to five Hindi films – ‘Nagad Narayan’ (1943), ‘Mahakavi Kalidas’ (1944), ‘Meri Amanat’ (1947), ‘Andhon Ka Sahara’ (1948) and ‘Gokul Ka Raja’ (1954). He composed 45 songs in these films. He sang 5 songs in 2 films, ‘Andhon Ka Sahara’ and ‘Gokul Ka Raja. Many famous singers sang for him, like, Minakshi, Khan Mastana, Rajkumari, Master Krishnarao, Mohantara, Vinodini Dikshit etc.

(Information from these sources also used herein- Marathi Chitrapat Sangeetkar Kosh, Marathi Cinema in Retrospect by Sanjit Narwekar, Purvasurinche Soor by Dr. Suresh Chandvankar and the book ‘Kalatmak Gomantak’ – Kala Academy, Panji – 1972) .

The cast of the film consisted of Dwarakanath, Ratnamala, Chandrakant, Gauri, Hanumanta, Angre etc.

I do not know anything about actor Dwarakanath. Never heard of his name before or after this film ever. Actor Chandrakant was Chandrakant Mandhare (real name Gopal) – the elder brother of the more popular brother Suryakant. These two brothers ruled the Marathi cinema from the late 40s to the 60s.

Gauri was originally Tanibai Dawari, who was active in Prabhat from the silent era. She became famous because of her role of Awali – the shrew wife of Sant Tukaram in that film in 1936. I have recently written in details about her, only last month. As far as the heroine Ratnamala is concerned, how many of us really know anything about this actress. It is surprising that a very lovely and beautiful actress, who was heroine of about 20 films in the 40s and has about 300 films to her credit, remains practically unknown. She was the heroine with Saraswati Cinetone, Prabhat Film Company, Sagar, Ranjit, Prakash Pictures etc. – all well known banners. She was in films for 50+ years and was a famous name in Marathi films of Dada Kondke.

Its a great pity that hardly any or no information about her is available in books, encyclopedias, wiki or on internet. When all sources of information come to a dead end, I turn to Harish Raghuwanshi ji of Surat and I am never disappointed. Here, I provide a short bio-data of Ratnamala, based principally on the articles given by Harish ji. Thanks, Harish ji.

She was born as Kamal Bhivandkar on 22-6-1923 in Bombay. Her father was Auditor of Central Bank, Bombay. She was good looking and could sing well. From the age of 14 years, she went on the stage of several Ganesh Melas prevalent in those times. She earned 5-10 rupees per performance. Due to family’s financial problems, she started looking for work. She was proficient in Marathi, Gujarati, English and Urdu languages. In 1938, she was picked up by Dada Torne of Sarswati Cinetone, Poona, who cast her as Heroine in Marathi film ‘Bhagwa Zenda’. Seeing her performance, she was taken by Prabhat Film Company for the Marathi version of their film ‘Das Baje’ (1942). Torne had renamed her as Ratnamala.

Vijay Bhatt of Prakash Pictures offered her a role in film ‘Bharat Milap’ (1942), when Kusum Deshpande selected for the role of Bharat’s wife fell ill. Seeing her performance, she was selected as a heroine for film ‘Station Master’ (1942). Here too the original heroine Jyoti fell ill. Then came ‘Panghat’ (1943), ‘Police’ (1944), ‘Kavita’ (1944) etc. She acted in many mythological films also. Some of her well known films were ‘Dholak’, ‘Maya Bazaar’, ‘Sasural’, ‘Bhabhi Ki Chudiyan’, ‘Faulad’, ‘Woh kaun thi’, ‘Nishaan’, ‘Bahu Beti’, ‘Mera Saayaa’, ‘Raaz’, ‘Saraswati Chandra’, ‘Brahmachari’, ‘Upahaar’, ‘Seeta aur Geeta’, ‘Nastik’ etc.

She acted in 130 Hindi films and many more Marathi films. Later she did side roles. She became famous as mother of Dada Kondke in 11 of his films. She was called ‘Aaye’ (आये )  in the Marathi films of Kondke.

Ratnamala was married to Raja Pandir, producer director of Marathi films, when she was very young. As Ratnamala became successful and Raja became a failure, their marriage came on rocks. She had one son – Jaikumar, who had also acted in one film. Unfortunately, he died suddenly in an accident. Ratnamala lived in her own bungalow in Andheri, Bombay, along with her foster son – Ramesh. Ratnamala died of heart attack on 23rd January 1989.

Today’s song is the first song sung by Shridhar Parsekar that is being presented. One can easily make out from his clear voice, impeccable pronunciations and the classical singing style that the singer is trained in classical music and is a knowledgeable person. With this song the film ‘Gokul Ka Raja’ and singer Shridhar Parsekar are making their debut on this Blog.

Song – Mangal Prabhat Jaage Surya Kiran Sang (Gokul Ka Raja) (1954) Singer – Sridhar Parsekar, Lyrics – YN Joshi, MD – Sridhar Parsekar

Lyrics

jaa..aa..aa..aage ae ae ae
jaage ae ae ae

jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
surya kiran sang
gokul mein rang
surya kiran sang
gokul mein rang
navjeevan anuraage
jaage
navjeevan anuraage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage

go dhan amrit varsha karta..aa..aa
aaaaa aaaa aaaa aaaa
go dhan amrit varsha karta
sukh saurabh gokul mein jharta
sukh saurabh gokul mein jharta
baal gopal
baal gopal charaayen gaayen
madhu murli jiya laage
laage
madhu murli jiya laage
laage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage

surya kiran sang
gokul mein rang
navjeevan anuraage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
jaa..aa..aa..aage

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

जा॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आगे ए ए ए
जागे ए ए ए

जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
सूर्य किरण संग
गोकुल में रंग
सूर्य किरण संग
गोकुल में रंग
नवजीवन अनुरागे
जागे
नवजीवन अनुरागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे

गो धन अमृत वर्षा करता॰॰आ॰॰आ
आsss आsss आsss आsss
गो धन अमृत वर्षा करता
सुख सौरभ गोकुल में झरता
सुख सौरभ गोकुल में झरता
बाल गोपाल
बाल गोपाल चराएं गाएँ
मधु मुरली जिया लागे
लागे
मधु मुरली जिया लागे
लागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे

सूर्य किरण संग
गोकुल में रंग
नवजीवन अनुरागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे

जा॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आगे


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3999 Post No. : 15096 Movie Count :

4144

Today’s song is from an obscure film – ‘Jeb Katra’ aka ‘Pick Pocket’ aka ‘Girahkat’. The film may be obscure, but the song is extremely melodious and it is a pleasure to listen to such a song. I have liked it very much. The film was produced by actress-singer Brijmala’s home production Brij Prakash Productions. Looking at the cast of film and its director, it seems to be a stunt film. It was advertised as a Social Stunt film – whatever that means. To me it was like saying ‘a religious murder mystery film’ !

I have seen this film’s advertisements in the Jan and Feb 1946 issues of magazine Film India. In the Jan issue the lyricist is given as Shams Lucknowi and the composer as Bashir Khan Dehalvi. Next month – Feb – the ad says the lyricist is Ahsan Rizvi and MD is Nisar Bazmi.

The cast of the film was Navin Yagnik, Raj Rani, Samson, Ali, Radha, Habib, Sandow etc. The role of the ‘Pick Pocket’ was done by Samson, as mentioned on a photo of the film. The film was directed by Nari Ghadiyali- a veteran of C grade stunt films. Nari (Nariman) was a Parsee.

From the silent film era, Parsee community has been involved in film industry in different ways. In about every department of film making, there has been a Parsee, sometime somewhere. Parsee community is a very small entity. They never, even at their best times, exceeded a population of 3 lakhs in entire India. This is the only community which is truly a Minority community with just about 70000 people in entire India now. They have never ever asked for any reservation from the government. Parsees have significantly contributed to India’s industrial growth. Parsee greats like Tata, Godrej and Wadias have been extremely philanthropic too.

Parsees are mainly seen in Bombay and so it was no wonder that they joined the film industry, but a Parsee in Bengal has been a Pioneer in Cinema in the eastern India. JF Madon (1856 to 1923) had a roaring Parsee Theatre business in Bombay, but he shifted to Calcutta in 1902 and built an empire of Theatres and Cinema making. At one time the Madons had control on 127 Theatres in India. They made silent and talkie films in Bangla and Hindi. After his death, his third son JJ Madon took over. However, they closed their film business in 1937 and concentrated on their other interests like, imports, foods, pharma, insurance and real estate.

In Bombay, who can forget the contribution of Ardeshir Irani in starting the Talkie era with his ‘Alam Ara’ in 1931 ? In the early era, many Parsees contributed to Hindi cinema like Homi Master, Sohrab Modi, Sarswati Devi, JBH and Homi Wadia, John Cawas etc. In later period, the Irani sisters (Honey, Daisy and Manaka), Aruna Irani, Shammi, Fali Mistry and many others contributed. Earlier, in the field of direction, there were two well known names- Aspi (Aspinder) Irani and Nari (Nariman) Ghadiyali. Aspy Irani had married actress Husn Banu and Nari Ghadiyali had married actress Pramila. Both worked for stunt films made by another Parsee group – Wadia Brothers. Today’s film is also directed by Nari Ghadiyali. He directed 25 films, starting with ‘Jungle King’ (1939) to ‘Murad’ (1961).

The hero of film ‘Jeb Katra’ was Navin Yagnik, who was frequently seen in  C grade action/stunt films. Such films were made with tight budgets by small producers and hence the actors did not earn much money. To earn more money, their endeavour used to be to get roles in social films or films of other genres, especially made by well known production houses. Their payments were much better and also timely. Thus Navin also worked in some social films made by big banners.

As such stunt films declined in the latter half of the 50s, compared to 30s and 40s, as many producers like the Wadias, Mohan Pictures etc. shifted their focus to social films. Similarly major stunt film actors like Master Vithal, Master Bhagwan, Baburao Pehelwan, Azim Bhai etc. started getting roles in social films. Recently, I found a reference to Navin Yagnik in the autobiography of Hansa Wadkar- ‘Sangte Aika’ (‘सांगते ऐका’)  roughly translated as ‘Listen, I tell you’. In it she said. . . “My hero in this film was one Navin Yagnik, a handsome boy from UP. He was very shy and after the shootings, he would quietly sit in one corner reading something. He never joined our drink parties, nor he participated in any other group activity. I was attracted towards him but he gave no response. He sent me invitation card of his marriage, when it was fixed.’  Navin Yagnik (3-10-1912 to 28-10-1977) worked only in 30 films from film ‘The Mill’ (1934) to ‘Bhagwat Mahima’ (1955).

The MD for film ‘Jeb Katra’ was Nisar Bazmi. He was one of those musicians who migrated to Pakistan much later after the partition. There is a general perception among Indians that all those who migrated to Pakistan had a tough time there and they died in poverty. While this is true in cases of many actors and actresses, the converse is true about music composers.

Music directors who were worthless, unknown and unsuccessful, who gave music to obscure of B and C grade films here, in India, prospered very well in Pakistan. Composers like GA Chishti, Nisar Bazmi, Firoz Nizami, Tufail Faruqui, Rashid Atre, Inaayat Hussain, Fateh Ali Khan, Inaayat Nath, Khursheed Anwar were not very famous or popular in India, but in Pakistan almost every musician from India became famous, popular and successful. For example, Nisar Bazmi gave music to 40 films (only 27 released) in India. They were mostly C grade films and most songs were forgotten here. Same person, in Pakistan gave music to almost 60 films, won several awards and became famous and successful. How this happened ? What is the mystery ?

To understand this we must know what happened in Pakistan after partition and how was their film and music industry. According to an article in Wiki, since 1947, Pakistan film and music industry underwent several changes. It is worth repeating here. The period is divided as following,

‘Due to shortage of composers, all were welcomed with open arms. Those who had talents did extremely well here. Unfortunately the second generation of composers of calibre were not prepared and once these migrants disappeared from the scene, the musical fields of Pakistan dried up. According to  Wiki, there are 7 ages in Pakistan film music –

  1. Independence and growth – 1947-1958
  2. The Golden Age of Pak Film Music –  1959 – 1977
  3. The Age of Disaster – 1977 – 1988 (Onslaught of VCR and brain drain to Bangladesh in 1971)
  4. Politics, Islamisation and Downfall – 1979 – 1987
  5. Collapse – 1988 – 2002
  6. Decline – 2002 – 2009
  7. New Wave and Hope – 2010 onwards’

Anyway, Nisar Bazmi migrated to Pakistan during the Golden Age period and got all the benefits. Let us see what happened to Nisar Bazmi in Pakistan. His last film in India was ‘Mister Toofan’, released in 1963. Nisar migrated to Pakistan in 1962. Producer Sibtain Fazli of Fazli brothers offered him first film ‘Aisa Bhi Hota Hai’. The music of this film became hit and very popular and there was no looking back for Nisar Bazmi. He gave music to 57 Pak films. He won Nigar Awards 7 times and also won ‘Pride of Performance’ award from the President.

His last film was in 1981. He came back to Karachi and started teaching aspiring singers, but only one of them became a famous singer. He regretted that the younger generation looked for quick money and did not put hard work. None of his 8 sons loved music. They all followed different avocations. In his later life he was famous for learning Quran by heart.

Bazmi sahib taught music to up-and-coming youngsters, but only Faisal Latif managed to become somewhat popular. When asked why his students like Shafiq-ur-Rehman, Tanveer Afridi, Shabana and Shazia Kausar are unable to reach the top, he said, “My job was to train them, which I did. Now it is up to the musicians to utilize them as I am sure they have the talent to be the best.” When asked if the youth (of Pakistan) are going in the right direction, Bazmi Sb felt that it was because of our youths’ lack of interest that our music is not what it used to be. “A youngster today doesn’t want to be taught like the legendary singers. His only interest is to become rich and famous in a short time, which is certainly the wrong way.”

Nisar Bazmi died on 22-3-2007 at Karachi.

Today’s song from film ‘Jeb Katra’ is an exceptionally melodious song comparable to any leading composer’s song in India. With such tunes in his repertoire, I wonder why Nisar bazmi could not gain fame here itself. Usually when the film is a failure, the music of that film does not reach more audience and hence does not get exposure to become popular. Of course there are songs which became popular from flop films also. After all, it is a matter of luck only.

Song – Chaandni Raaten Kya Huin (Jeb Katra) (1946) Singer – Zohrabai Ambaalewali, Lyrics – Ahsaan Rizvi, MD – Nisar Bazmi

Lyrics

chaandni raaten
haaye
chaandni raaten kya huin
sukh ke wo din guzar gaye
chaandni raaten
haaye
chaandni raaten
jee bhar ke hum hanse naache
jee bhar ke hum hanse naache
aankhon mein aansoo bhar gaye
chaandni raaten
haaye
chaandni raaten

aisi buri hawa chali
aisi buri hawa chali
murjha gaye chaman ke phool
aisi buri hawa chali
aisi buri hawa chali
murjha gaye chaman ke phool
hasraten dil ki mit gayin
hasraten dil ki mit gayin
armaan saare mar gaye
chaandni raaten
haaye
chaandni raaten

doobhar hui hai zindagi
doobhar hui hai zindagi
marna bhi ho gaya kathin
doobhar hui hai zindagi
doobhar hui hai zindagi
marna bhi ho gaya kathin
doobne hum jahaan gaye
doobne hum jahaan gaye
dariya wahaan utar gaye
chaandni raaten
haaye
chaandni raaten

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

चाँदनी रातें
हाए
चाँदनी रातें क्या हुईं
सुख के वो दिन गुज़र गए
चाँदनी रातें
हाए
चाँदनी रातें
जी भर के हम हँसे नाचे
जी भर के हम हँसे नाचे
आँखों में आँसू भर गए
चाँदनी रातें
हाए
चाँदनी रातें

ऐसी बुरी हवा चली
ऐसी बुरी हवा चली
मुरझा गए चमन के फूल
ऐसी बुरी हवा चली
ऐसी बुरी हवा चली
मुरझा गए चमन के फूल
हसरतें दिल की मिट गईं
हसरतें दिल की मिट गईं
अरमां सारे मर गए
चाँदनी रातें
हाए
चाँदनी रातें

दूभर हुई है ज़िंदगी
दूभर हुई है ज़िंदगी
मरना भी हो गया कठिन
दूभर हुई है ज़िंदगी
दूभर हुई है ज़िंदगी
मरना भी हो गया कठिन
डूबने हम जहां गए
डूबने हम जहां गए
दरिया वहाँ उतर गए
चाँदनी रातें
हाए
चाँदनी रातें


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3990 Post No. : 15082

Today’s song is from film ‘Kashmir’ (1951).

More than 3 years ago I had discussed one song from this film. That time I had said this, which is true even today.

In Hindi films, there were quite a few films made on the background of Kashmir. The first such film was ‘Kashmir Ki Kali’ (1940), in which the lead pair was handsome Master Vithal and petite, lovely Kavita Devi. Next was ‘Kashmir Hamara Hai’ (1950) (original name was ‘Bapoo Ne Kaha Tha’) with lead pair of Paresh Bannerjee and Meera Mishra. This was also the first Hindi film of Bombay, in which Jagmohan Sursagar sang a song – Rang De Kesariya’. The third film was ‘Kashmir’ (1951), where the lead pair was beautiful, regal Veena and handsome Al Nasir. This film was actually filmed in Kashmir ghati.

Next film was ‘Kashmir Ki Kali’ (1964), by far the most successful of all Kashmir films so far. The lead pair was debonaire Shammi Kapoor and a debutante Sharmila Tagore. There was also a documentary ‘Kashmir Hamara Hai’ made by Films Division of Indian Government in 1948 which was shown in all theatres in India, in the wake of tribal attacks by Pakistan on Kashmir. Later on some more films on Kashmir were made – (the list is indicative, not exhaustive)

  • Johar in Kashmir (1966)
  • Shayar-E-Kashmir (1972)
  • Love in Kashmir (1976)
  • Mission Kashmir (2000)
  • Kashmir Hamara Hai (2001) ( Unreleased, though Censored on 17-10-2001)
  • Border Kashmir (2002).

‘Kashmir’ (1951) was not a very popular film. The reason was, after the partition and independence, people were looking for a respite from all that patriotic fervor, which they had more than enough for the last few years. They were tired. Now they got what they wanted and some peace of mind was sought, perhaps. Additionally, the Hindi film music was going through its Golden Period and so many films with excellent music were enjoyed by people, may be hence serious films like ‘Kashmir’ issue got side tracked. Though a film buff myself, even I had not seen this film.

The film was produced and directed by Rajendranath Jolly, for Raajdeep Pictures, Bombay. The MD was Hansraj Behl and the lyricists were Sasrshaar Sailaani and Baaba ji, for 9 songs of the film. The song is sung by Mohd. Rafi and Master Sonik.

Master Sonik aka Manohar Lal Sonik was born on 26-11-1926 in Siyalkot, Punjab. By the time he was three years old, he lost his vision completely. Undaunted, he learnt music – first from music school of Lahore and then from Lucknow. For sometime, he was assistant to Pt Amarnath Batish.

After  partition he joined All India Radio, Delhi. Later, he sang 8 songs in 7 Hindi films, namely ‘Chaar Din’ (1949), ‘Stage’ (1951), ‘Kashmir’ (1951), ‘Khaibar’ (1954), ‘Mast Qalandar’ (1955), ‘Inquilab’ (1956) and then after 20 years he sang in film ‘Umar Qaid’ (1975) also. He gave music to film ‘Ishwar Bhakti’ (1951) along with Giridhar and then film ‘Mamta’ (1952), with Hansraj Behl.

Meanwhile, his nephew Omprakash Sonik, who was a singer on Delhi AIR, proposed working as a team of composers. They got their first film ‘Dil Ne Phir Yaad Kiya’ (1966). The songs became very popular. They continued to give music till ‘Anaadi Dada’ (1993). Master Sonik died on 9-7-1993.

The cast of the film was an interesting mix of fading and emerging actors, like Veena, Al Nasir, Badriprashad, Tiwari, Kailash, Uma Dutt, Kamal Kapoor, Nirupa Roy, Arun Ahuja etc. There was also an actress who made her debut with this film. Let us take a look at her short bio again.

For the actress Achala Sachdev (3-5-1920 to 30-4-2012), this was her debut Hindi film (though another film ‘Dilruba’ (1950) featuring her was released prior to this film, but she considers this film as her debut film). Achala Sachdev’s original name was Rajinder. Her name is permanently conjoined with a mother’s role. She did a mother’s role when she was very young and since then – more than a heroine – she has been seen either as a sister or mother in films. In her earliest film ‘Dilruba’ (1950) she was Dev Anand’s sister and later in many films she was a fixed mother of Dev Anand.

She worked in All India Radio, Lahore. She came to Delhi after the Partition and continued her job in All India Radio, till her first film. She acted in 181 Hindi films, 3 Punjabi films and 1 Gujarati film, in addition to 1 incomplete Bangla film. She acted in few television serials and FD documentaries too.

In her early years she had got married to Gyan Sachdeva. She begot one son and one daughter from him. Her son settled in US and daughter in Bombay. When she could not pull on, she divorced her husband. After 12 years of loneliness she fell in love and married an American Clifford Douglas Peters, who was an Engineer and ran an electronics factory in Poona. She stopped accepting new films after 1976 and then shifted to Poona.

After her second husband died, she shifted from her bungalow in Bhosari, near Poona to a spacious flat in Hadapsar area of Poona. She had completed all films on hand, but due to insistence of family friend Yash Chopra, she acted in some of his films – notably ‘Dilwale Dulhaniya Le Jaayenge’ (1995). Though her last film was ‘Dahak’ (1998), her last released film was ‘Suno Sasur Ji’ (2003).

During her heydays, she was very friendly with Sunil Dutt and Nargis, Mona Dev Anand (Kalpana Kartik), Meena Kumari, Saira Bano and her mother Naseem Bano. She was very punctual during her shootings. Once while working in a Rajesh Khanna film, she had to wait for him for 4 hours, with all make up done. When this continued to happen for next 10 days, she left the film and went back to Poona. Rajesh Khanna wrote an apology letter to her and then only she came back to complete the film.

After her husband passed away in 2002, she was all alone. Her last film released in 2003. After that no one from film industry ever contacted her till her last days. She was very generous. She had donated 25 lakhs to an NGO, Janseva Foundation to start ‘Achala Sachdev Institute of Education’. She also gave 15 Lakhs to Dr. HV Desai Eye Hospital for a ward construction. In her last days, she even donated her flat also to the NGO Janseva Foundation.

She was seriously unwell for last 6 months of her life, and was looked after by the NGO. Admitted to Poona General Hospital ICU, she got paralysis, lost her vision and then lost her life on 30-4-2012. A highly successful film star with lots of money, but she was neglected by her own son and daughter. Above all, during her last lonely 10 years in Poona, not one soul from the film world met her. What was pathetic was, when she was admitted in ICU, her attending doctor, Dr. Mehta sent messages to Yash Chopra and others in film industry, but none came or even enquired and she died a lonely death.

(Based on Cine Blitz, Madhuri,Times of India, Indian Express, Wikipedia and info kindly given by Shri Harish Raghuwanshi ji ).

Another interesting person in this film was actor Al Nasir. Many people make a confusion in him and actor Nasir Khan. Some sites even wrongly mix up their filmography. Even earlier, I have clarified this difference. Not many readers will be aware of him. Al Nasir was one of the most handsome actors of his times. ABDUL REHMAN AL NASIR GAZNAVI (popularly known as Al Nasir ) was born on 27-11-1922 in Kabul. His father was a big shot – Chancellor of Law. He was related to the Begum of Junagadh and also to the Nawab of Bhopal.

His schooling was done in Dehradun up to Sr. Cambridge and degree was obtained from Kabul college. He was a tall and handsome young man, who was keen on joining Air Force. He went to Bombay in 1941 for this purpose. While in National Studios to meet a friend, Mehboob spotted him and offered him a job. He was taken on the rolls of studio.

For next 6 months there was only pay, but no work. In 1942 National Studios closed down, but Mohan Sinha offered him hero’s role in film ‘Preetam’ (1942). His father did not like this. However Al Nasir worked in 17 films till 1957.

Being handsome and polished he impressed women . He was a womaniser. During the shooting of film ‘Prithvi Vallabh’ (1943), he married Khursheed Jehan commonly known as Meena (later Meena Shorey). Whenever she was away, he would run after other women. He had an affair with Nigar Sultana. After the divorce with Meena, he married actress  Manorama, when he had gone to Lahore.

He divorced Manorama in 1946 and married actress Veena. They had 2 children. Daughter Huma became a professor and son was Altamash. Al Nasir  was fond of hunting and reading English books.

He acted in ‘Preetam’, ‘Prithvi Vallabh’, ‘Pathron Ke Shehar’, ‘Shehar Se Door’, ‘Dhamkee’, ‘Shalimaar’, ‘Khamosh Nigaahen’, ‘Aarsi’, ‘Ek Roz’, ‘Daastaan’, ‘Bewee’, ‘Kashmir’, ‘Mr and Mrs 55’, ‘Hatimtai Ki Beti’, ‘Sakhi Haatim’, ‘Indrasabha’ and ‘Mera Salaam’.

Al Nasir died at the age of only 35 years, on 17-10-1957.

As mentioned earlier, the film had 9 songs. Today’s song will be the 4th song to be discussed from this film. Coincidence is that both songs, earlier discussed by me – “Uth Ae Watan Ke Naujawan” and today’s song, happen to be patriotic songs, sung by Indian fighters in the film. Surprisingly, both these patriotic songs were not released in Pakistan. My guess is that, the then Government possibly did not want to hurt Pakistan’s feelings, so these songs were released only in India.

One more thing. The first song of this film , discussed earlier by me, was in 2 parts (gramophone record no. N-36728). One more part (part 3) was recorded in the voices of Rafi, Geeta and chorus. This Patriotic song too was not  issued on a commercial record (possibly for the same reason). This information is given in the HFGK itself.

Let us now enjoy the second patriotic song from this film, released only in India and not in Pakistan.

Song – Raah e Wafaa Mein Nikle Hain Seenon Ko Taan Ke (Kashmir) (1951) Singer – Mohammed Rafi, Master Sonik, Lyrics – Saarshaar Sailaani, MD – Hansraj Behl
Chorus

Lyrics

raah e wafaa mein nikle hain
seenon ko taan ke
raah e wafaa mein nikle hain
seenon ko taan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke

hum hausle ke sher hain
dil ke daler hain
dil ke daler hain
parbat hamaare saamne matti ke dher hain
matti ked her hain
sikke bichha ke chhodenge bharat ki shaan ke
bharat ki shaan ke
farzand hum hain
farzand hum hain
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke

ubhre to aasmaan ko neecha dikhaayenge
neecha dikhaayenge
uthe hain apne saath qayaamat uthaayenge
qayaamat uthaayenge
sachche hain apni baat ke
pakke zubaan ke
pakke zubaan ke
farzand hum hain
farzand hum hain
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke

mazhab hai aur cheez
qayaamat hai aur shai
qayaamat hai aur shai
mazhab judaa judaa hain magar qaum ek hai
magar qaum ek hai
taare hain shaikh o barhaman ik aasmaan ke
ik aasmaan ke
farzand hum hain
farzand hum hain
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke

raah e wafaa mein nikle hain
seenon ko taan ke
raah e wafaa mein nikle hain
seenon ko taan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke
farzand hum hain maadr e hindostan ke

———-———————————————–
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

राह ए वफा में निकले हैं
सीनों को तान के
राह ए वफा में निकले हैं
सीनों को तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के

हम हौसले के शेर हैं
दिल के दलेर हैं
दिल के दलेर हैं
परबत हमारे सामने मट्टी के ढेर हैं
मट्टी के ढेर हैं
सिक्के बिछा के छोड़ेंगे भारत की शान के
भारत की शान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के

उभरे तो आसमान को नीचा दिखाएंगे
नीचा दिखाएंगे
उठे हैं अपने साथ क़यामत उठाएंगे
क़यामत उठाएंगे
सच्चे हैं अपनी बात के
पक्के ज़ुबान के
पक्के ज़ुबान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के

मज़हब है और चीज़
क़यामत है और शै
क़यामत है और शै
मज़हब जुदा जुदा हैं मगर क़ौम एक है
मगर क़ौम एक है
तारे हैं शैख ओ बरहमन इक आसमान के
इक आसमान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के

राह ए वफा में निकले हैं
सीनों को तान के
राह ए वफा में निकले हैं
सीनों को तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के
फ़रज़ंद हम हैं मादरे हिंदोस्तान के


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3983 Post No. : 15072

Today’s song is from film ‘Kaarwaan’ (1956), a costume drama, made by Shahkaar productions, Bombay. Produced by Dev Jolly, it was directed by Rafiq Rizvi – whose career as a director came to a close with this film. His 6 films began with ‘Waayda’ (1940). The music was by S Mohinder. The lyricists were Tanvir Naqvi, Pt. Bhushan and Saarshaar Sailani.

S Mohinder aka Bakshi Mohinder Singh Sarna, was one of the very few Sikh composers in Hindi films (only 3 till 1970. Sardul Kwatra, GS Kohli and S Mohinder). For this film, he had 2 assistants. One was Inderjeet Singh, who was the maternal Uncle (mamma) of today’s singer Daler Mehndi and the other was Pt Kishen who was Husnlal and Bhagatram’s nephew (sister’s son). These two assistants were working with S Mohinder till 1961, after which both died one after another.

S Mohinder was born on 24-2-1925 in a small town called Silanwali in Montgomery District of un-divided Punjab. His full name was Bakshi Mohinder Singh Sarna.  His father Sujan Singh Bakhshi was a sub-inspector in police. Soon the family moved to a comparatively larger city Lyallpur, where young Mohinder around 1935 came in contact with an accomplished Sikh religious vocalist Sant Sujan Singh. He honed his skills for several years in classical music in the tutelage of Sant Sujan Singh. Initially he wanted to be a singer. The family moved to Sheikhupura , close  to Nankana Sahib, the birth place of Guru Nanak and S Mohinder got his further training in classical music from legendry Sikh religious musician Bhai Samund Singh. Frequent transfers of his father kept the family on the move. Since S Mohinder’s education was suffering badly, durIng early forties, he was enrolled in Khalsa High School in village Kairon in Amritsar District.

In 1947, the rest of the family too moved to East Punjab in India. The love for classical music brought S Mohinder to Benares. After a couple of years of grooming in classical music in Benares, the Mecca of Indian classical music, S Mohinder, came to Bombay, the leading center of film industry. His first successful film was ‘Neeli’ (1950), which was musically a hit but not successful on the box office. S Mohinder took a regular job of music director with Filmistan Studios, which was churning out movies like factory. He composed music for Filmistan for half a decade. It was a great experience.

After a successful relationship as a music director with Filmistan Studios, S Mohinder composed music for Chandu Lal Shah’s (Ranjit Movietone) film ‘Zameen Ke Taare’ (1960). It became a hit. After that he composed the music for Wadia Brothers film ‘Reporter Raju’ (1962) and producer Roop K Shori’s film ‘Ek Ladki Saat Ladke’ (1961). He gave music for unreleased film ‘Do Dost’ also.

S Mohinder says that during the sixties, when only Hans Raj Behl and Sardul Singh Kwatra were in the field of composing music for Punjabi films, he also tried his hand at Punjab films. The response was good. His music for his first Punjabi film ‘Pardesi Dhola’ was a hit. After that he mainly devoted his attention on composing music for Punjabi films only. His music for ‘Chambe Di Kali’ also became a hit. Inderjit Hassanpuri, a friend of S Mohinder, made a Punjabi film ‘Daaj’ for which S Mohinder composed very emotional tunes. Later on during the late seventies S Mohinder composed music for some non-film Punjabi albums too and the singers included the best in the Punjabi music business, Surinder Kaur and Asa Singh Mastana. These private albums were also instant hits.

In 1960, S Mohinder composed music for the film ‘Mehlon Ke Khwaab’ produced by Madhubala. The film did quite well at the box office and its music became a hit. The untimely death of Madhubala in 1969, during the prime of her youth deeply saddened S Mohinder. He came to the conclusion that the field of composing music for Hindi films was getting a lot of new players and the melody was slowly yielding place to noisy heavy metal music. So he decided to go back to his roots and switch to composing music for Punjabi movies.

Ram Maheshwari and Panna Lal Maheshwari, originally from Amritsar, decided to make a movie in Punjabi based on Sikh religious sentiments. The film was titled ‘Nanak Naam Jahaaz Hai’. S Mohinder got the contract to compose the music. The story of the film required some scenes to be picturized in the Golden Temple. S Mohinder thought that the music for those scenes was a very sensitive subject and must be performed by the finest exponent of Sikh Religious classical music. So he requested Bhai Samund Singh to sing the Shabads. Bhai Samund Singh was also the mentor of S Mohinder during his early training in classical music. Initially Bhai Samund Singh hesitated, but eventually he agreed to sing for the movie. S Mohinder believes that what Bade Ghulam Ali Khan’s singing was to the great movie ‘Mughal e Azam’, the shabads sung by Bhai Samund Singh are to Punjabi film ‘Nanak Naam Jahaaz Hai’. As we all know film ‘Nanak Naam Jahaaz Hai’ has been an all time hit Punjabi movie. Its music was also as big a success.

The runaway success of ‘Nanak Naam Jahaaz Hai’ ushered in an era of for making well meaning movies based on Sikh religious stories. S Mohinder composed the music for most of these Sikh religious movies.’Dukh Bhanjan Tera Naam’ (1974) featuring Shaminder Singh as the hero was the next film, it was also quite successful. Then came two more namely ‘Man Jeete Jag Jeet’ (1973) and ‘Paapi Tare Anek’ (1976). Both were successful at the box office. All these movies were made during the decade of seventies. S Mohinder also composed some of his most memorable music for these movies.

During the decade of nineteen seventies, S Mohinder composed music for some private albums also including some featuring Sikh devotional music and some featuring the folk music of Punjab. Legendry Punjabi singer Surinder Kaur was prominently featured on some of these albums. He gave music to 36 Hindi films, composing 243 songs. He also sang 3 songs in 3 films.

S Mohinder left India for the USA in October 1982, when he was at the peak of his career as a music composer. The last film featuring his music was named ‘Maula Jatt’, with Dara Singh in the male lead role. Even in US, he did lot of work in Music – like recording songs, running a music school etc. (Adapted, with thanks, from an article in apnaorg.com)

Today’s song is written by Tanvir Naqvi. Tanvir Naqvi (real name – Syed Khursheed Ali) was born on 16th February 1919, at Lahore. His father was a jaagirdar and elder brother was ADC to a nawab. Tanvir went to Persia, along with father, where he was educated in Urdu and Persian. From the age of 14 years, he started writing poetry and participated in various mushairas. He published a book of poetry, titled ‘Suhaane Sapne. By chance, AR Kardar read it and called Tanvir to Bombay to write for his film ‘Swami’ (1941), made by CIRCO Productions.

In his next film, ‘Nai Duniya’ (1942), Suraiya sang his song as her first song. His films ‘Anmol Ghadi’ (1946) and ‘Jugnu’ (1947) became hits and all his songs were appreciated much. He had earned a good name. However, after film ‘Parda’ (1949), he migrated to Pakistan. In 1954, K Asif invited him to India to write songs for his film ‘Mughal e Azam’, but by that time, Naushad had built his own team and he declined to take Tanvir Naqvi. From 1954 to 1959, Tanvir did many films. He also joined S Mohinder and wrote songs for his 7 films.

In 1959, Tanvir Naqvi shifted again to Pakistan, but this time for good. There also he wrote for many films, like ‘Koel’, ‘Jhoomar’, ‘Salma’, ‘Gulfam’, ‘Elaan’etc. He wrote also for Punjabi films. He had married Idaan – elder sister of actress singer Nurjehan. However, since he had no children from her, so he married again and had 2 children.  He died in Lahore on 1-11-1972. In India, he wrote 224 songs for 48 films. Some of his songs are popular even today.

The cast of the film consisted of Shakila, Mahipal, Heeralal, Gope, Yashodhara Katju, Randhir, Satish, Sheila Vaz, Helen, Cuckoo and others. All the usual actors for a C grade costume drama. I find that most main actors are the subject matters of many articles, but actors like Heeralal are left out. I reproduce below a brief biosketch of Heeralal that I have earlier posted for the song “Main Hoon Bhaiya Dim Timkar“.

Heeralal is a familiar face to every fan of vintage Bollywood as he played countless character parts, often as the villain, in literally hundreds of films both big and small. He was born Heeralal Thakur, on March 14, 1912 in Lahore (now part of Pakistan) and began his career in silent films with AR Kardar’s ‘Safdar Jung’ which was released in 1930. Incidentally, his second film, ‘Daughters of Today’, actually made it to movie theaters first, in 1929. He was under contract to United Players Corporation and made several silent pictures for them before making the transition to talkies and moving on to other studios for films like ‘Pavitra Ganga’ (1932), ‘Seeta’ (1934), and ‘Blood Feud’ (1935).

Some of his notable fantasy, sci-fi and horror films include ‘Khooni Jaadugar’ (1939), ‘Arabian Nights’ (1946), ‘Mehbooba’ (1954), ‘Hatimtai Ki Beti’ (1955), ‘Roop Basant’ (1955), ‘Sakhi Hatim’ (1955), ‘Shah Behram’ (1955), ‘Indra Sabha’ (1956), ‘Shaan e Hatim’ (1958), ‘Dr. Z’  (1959), ‘Dr. Shaitan’ (1960),  ‘Jadoo Mahal’ (1962), ‘Flying Man’ (1965), ‘Gumnaam’ (1965), ‘Sindbad, Alibaba and Alladin’ (1965), ‘Love And Murder’ (1966), ‘Sheba And Hercules’ (1967), and ‘Alibaba’ (1976). Hiralal worked continuously until his death on June 27, 1982.

He had worked in 203 films. His first film was ‘Pavitra Ganga’ (1932) and last film was ‘Kaalia’ (1981).

Today’s song is actually a very sweet song and had been a popular song in its time. This is a duet of Lata and GM Durrani. The mukhda says – “Ae Saarbaan, Saarbaan. . .”. The word saarbaan means actually ‘camel handler’, but in Persian language it also means the caravaan leader. I liked this song very much. In fact, many of the songs composed by S Mohinder are very good, but somehow he never became an A grade composer.

 

Song – Ae Saarbaan Saarbaan, Kis Raah Ka Raahi Hai Tu (Kaarwaan) (1956) Singer – Lata Mangeshkar, GM Durrani, Lyrics – Tanveer Naqvi, MD – S Mohinder

Lyrics

ae saarbaan saarbaan
ae saarbaan saarbaan

kis raah ka raahi hai tu
hai tujhko kiski justju
hogi teri manzil kahaan
ae saarbaan saarbaan
ae saarbaan saarbaan

teri meri manzil nahin
manzil hai manzil ka nishaan
ae jaan e jaan jaan e jaan
ae jaan e jaan jaan e jaan

mujhko ko bhi apne saath le. . .
de haath mera haath le
de haath mera haath le
mushkil bahut hain raaste
aasaan hain mere waste
aasaan hain mere waste
raste ki sab dushwaariaan
ae saarbaan saarbaan
ae saarbaan saarbaan
ae jaan e jaan jaan e jaan
ae jaan e jaan jaan e jaan

gar tujhko khud pe hai yakeen. . .
mushkil koi mushkil nahin
mushkil koi mushkil nahin
ghat’ta rahega har khatar
kat’ta rahega ye safar
kat’ta rahega ye safar
badhta rahega kaarwaan
ae saarbaan saarbaan
ae jaan e jaan jaan e jaan

badh kar na thehren phir kadam. . .
ye shauk ka dastoor hai
ye shauk ka dastoor hai
teri mohabbat ke liye
sab kuchh mujhe manzoor hai
sab kuchh mujhe manzoor hai
le chal mujhe chaahe jahaan
ae saarbaan saarbaan
ae saarbaan saarbaan
ae jaan e jaan jaan e jaan
ae jaan e jaan jaan e jaan

ae saarbaan saarbaan
ae saarbaan saarbaan

———-———————————————–
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

ए सारबाँ सारबाँ
ए सारबाँ सारबाँ

किस राह का राही है तू
है तुझको किसकी जुस्तजू
होगी तेरी मंज़िल कहाँ
ए सारबाँ सारबाँ
ए सारबाँ सारबाँ

तेरी मेरी मंज़िल नहीं
मंज़िल है मंज़िल का निशां
ए जान ए जान जान ए जान
ए जान ए जान जान ए जान

मुझको भी अपने साथ ले॰ ॰ ॰
दे हाथ मेरा हाथ ले
दे हाथ मेरा हाथ ले
मुश्किल बहुत हैं रास्ते
आसाँ है मेरे वास्ते
आसाँ है मेरे वास्ते
रस्ते की सब दुश्वारीयाँ
ए सारबाँ सारबाँ
ए सारबाँ सारबाँ
ए जान ए जान जान ए जान
ए जान ए जान जान ए जान

गर तुझको खुद पे है यकीं॰ ॰ ॰
मुश्किल कोई मुश्किल नहीं
मुश्किल कोई मुश्किल नहीं
घटता रहेगा हर ख़तर
कटता रहेगा हर सफर
कटता रहेगा हर सफर
बढ़ता रहेगा कारवां
ए सारबाँ सारबाँ
ए जान ए जान जान ए जान

बढ़ कर ना ठहरें फिर कदम॰ ॰ ॰
ये शौक का दस्तूर है
ये शौक का दस्तूर है
तेरी मोहब्बत के लिए
सब कुछ मुझे मंजूर है
सब कुछ मुझे मंजूर है
ले चल मुझे चाहे जहां
ए सारबाँ सारबाँ
ए सारबाँ सारबाँ
ए जान ए जान जान ए जान
ए जान ए जान जान ए जान

ए सारबाँ सारबाँ
ए सारबाँ सारबाँ

 


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3979 Post No. : 15065

Today’s song is from film ‘Aaj Ki Baat’ (1955).

In one of his earliest posts, Atul ji had said that the Indian people like to talk about 3 things – politics, films and cricket. How true it was. . . till Whatsapp and Facebook became an obsession for most people in India. Now you see different, sometimes even strange topics being discussed with taste. Additionally, there are wise people to give you free doses of a variety of knowledge. In all this crowd, sometimes one finds even a few intelligent posts too !

Recently, I saw a video by National Geographic. It showed how a mother bear saves her wayward baby bear, from almost certain clutches of a hungry lion. Motherly love or love for children is a common factor among animals and humans. While animals try to protect their babies from enemies, starvation and life threatening situations, human parents try to provide the goodies of life and a paying career line to their children.

Film people are no different in this. Almost every successful star wishes that his children join this line and be famous and successful. However, they forget that in their own case they had struggled hard to earn their place in the life and more importantly they forget that talents are not necessarily hereditary !

When I chose today’s Talat song from film ‘Aaj Ki Baat’, I realised that this was the launching film for Ajit Chitnis – son of ace actress Leela Chitnis. Unfortunately, the film career of Ajit Chitnis never took off beyond his first and the only film. Actually, Ajit was a qualified commercial pilot, but he could not get a job in any air line. Consequently, he became a victim of alcoholism and was spoiled further. To help him settle in life, his mother-Leela Chitnis tried to bring him in film line. When she noticed her contemporary, Shobhana Samarth produced a film ‘Hamari Beti’ (1950), to launch her daughter Nutan, Leela too decided to produce a film to launch one of her two sons as an actor. She chose Ajit as he was elder and needed help. Manvendra (Leela used to call him as ‘Meena’) was not launched ceremoniously, but later he acted in 4 films in side roles. In his last film,’Ramu To Deewana Hai’ (1980) he even shared the credits with his mother. The history of most star sons in films is not very encouraging. In fact, success and failure ratio may be 10 to 90 percent in success and failures.

It is said that ‘No tree can grow under a Banyan tree’. This is absolutely true and applicable in film industry. Except in cases like the Kapoor family, i.e. Raj, Shammi and Shashi,who made their bright careers despite the shadow of their father and other brothers, we find that many of the sons, daughters, brothers or sisters of many popular and famous film stars were failures and never made it big in Hindi cinema.

We know cases like Suneil Anand, Nasir Khan, Tony Walker, Naina Sahu, Meera Joglekar, Ajit Chitnis, Rajendranath, Narendranath, Anoop Kumar, Mallika, Khursheed Jr., Simple Kapadiya, Shivangi Kolhapure,  Preeti Ganguly and many more. In spite of having all the backing of the famous family member, these and such many others just did not make it, because Talents are not always hereditary !

They all were given a fair opportunity to display their talent on the screen , but unfortunately despite their honest effort  their skill could not come out  & the viewers were left unimpressed . They were selected by big banners and well experienced directors were there to guide them. But  their talent remained hidden inside them and with their nonexistent artistry they disappointed their mentors. Non-actor Sohan Kapila was in the romantic lead of Filmistan’s ‘Babar’, which was released in 1960. This film was directed by Hemen Gupta, the distinguished director, who earlier had directed ‘Anand Matth’ (1952) for Filmistan. The film, also had the winning combination of Sahir and Roshan.  Dependable character actor Gajanan Jagirdar played the role of the great Mughal Emperor Babar . But the movie flopped, as the new hero failed pathetically to register  any emotion on his face. A big jolt for Seth Tola Ram Jalaan, who was already facing financial problems. Mr. Kapila appeared in 2-3 movies in inconsequential roles and disappeared from scene for ever. His daughter Padmini Kapila also pursued a career in films, but could not achieve much success .

There were many other actors like him, who got a chance to appear opposite illustrious heroines, unfortunately their effort did not make any impact on the cine loving public. Watching their miserable performance on the screen, no film maker came forward to sign them.  Out of sight is out of mind, it was matter of time when public as well as film industry forgot them.

‘Malhaar’, as the name suggests, is a musical film produced by the great singer Mukesh in 1951 . It had story by veteran actor SK Prem and its evergreen music was composed by Roshan. The movie had new comers Arjun and Shammi (Nargis Rabaadi). Arjun did get another chance in ‘Daku Ki Ladki’ (1954) to please the viewers with his emoting before the camera, but could not succeed and it was end of his career.

Rattan Chopra, the lucky boy was selected for films, among hundreds of aspirants. Mohan Kumar had suffered a huge set back when ‘Aman’ flopped. He  took the newcomer for ‘Mom Ki Gudia’ (1972) opposite Tanuja, with great hopes.  Unfortunately, the film failed to dispel the gloom and sank to the rock bottom. Acting was not his cup of tea, Rattan Chopra understood and wisely opted out of the race of stardom.

Director Amarnath introduced new comer Vijay Kumar in his 1954 offering ‘Alif Laila’ opposite Nimmi and Asha Mathur.  Sohan Kapila and Vijay Kumar had impressive physique, but had no clue about acting. The movie had lilting music by Shyam Sunder, which was his last contribution towards film industry. Helen for the first time got a chance to perform solo in the movie and for many decades she remained on top. But for Vijay Kumar it was his first & last chance.

Another non actor Premendra was introduced by old timer Vijay Bhatt in ‘Holi Aayee Re’ (1970), which was directed by his younger sibling Harsukh Bhatt.  It was pathetic to watch Premendra unsuccessfully trying to show case his imaginary ability in the field of acting .The movie flopped phenomenally and a huge investment made by Bhatt Brothers went up in a cloud of smoke.

There were some more like Pratibha Sinha, Archan Gupta, Jayant Gupta, Ashok Sharma,  Nusrat Kardar, Rajeev Kapoor, Manish Kumar, Navin Chandra, Aroop Kumar, Prashant, Shalini, Kaycee Mehra, Vikram, Shekhar Suman, Deepak Kumar, Ajay, Som Dutt and many more. Among them, some film names which I remember off hand are Deepak Kumar in ‘Aabroo’ (1968), ‘Ajay’ in ‘Wapas’ (1969), Som Dutt in ‘Mann Ka Meet’ (1968), Vikram in ‘Julie’ (1975), Rajeev Kapoor in ‘Raam Teri Ganga Maili (1985), Shekhar Suman in ‘Utsav’ (1984), Kaycee Mehra in ‘Chhabilee’ (1960) and Mem Didi (1961), Prashant in ‘Sehra’ (1963), Ashok Sharma in ‘Hamari Yaad Aayegi’ (1961), Ajit Chitnis in ‘Aaj Ki Baat’ (1955), Nusrat Kardar in ‘Dard’ (1947), Manish in ‘Saraswati Chandra’ (1968), Rajiv in ‘Nayi Umar Ki Nayi Fasal’ (1965), Aroop Kumar in ‘Bezubaan’ (1962) etc. There could be more such examples. Readers can give their comments.

According to what Leela Chitnis wrote in her autobiography, ‘Chanderi Duniyet’ (‘चंदेरी दुनियेत’), during the period 1952-53 she was in a very bad financial position. Her health had worsened due to a wrong operation and then a corrective surgery. Valuable time and all money was lost in this. To come out of this situation, she planned to produce a film launching Ajit. As the luck would have it, the film started in 1953, but took 2 years to complete. The rights were sold to a distribution company. They released the film first in Punjab, where it flopped miserably. Then it was not released anywhere at all and went into the cans forever. This was a great shock to Chitnis family.

The film had 8 songs. 2 songs are already discussed here. This is the 3rd song, sung by Talat Mehmood. Written by Raj Baldev Raj, it was composed by the ‘Gentleman Maestro’ – Snehal Bhatkar.

White full shirt, ironed white Pyjama, spectacles with big powerful lenses and the trademark white Gandhi Topi. He could easily be mistaken for a ‘Pandharpur Warkari‘ (a regular pilgrim to Pandharpur) or a member of a ‘Bhajani Mandali’ or simply a middle class ‘Marathi Manoos’. Such was the appearance of one of Hindi filmdom’s talented yet not so famous, music maestro VASUDEV GANGARAM BHATKAR or Snehal Bhatkar as we all love to know him.

In Hindi film music field, there were some talented composers like Ghulam Mohd, Mohd Shafi, Iqbal Qureshi, Daan Singh, C Arjun, Ramlal, Sardar Malik, Ajit Merchant, Jamaal Sen, Dattaram, Ganesh, Snehal Bhatkar etc., who could never reach the peaks of their careers. They really deserved this, but luck did not favour them. Big Banners never approached them and the losers were the lovers of music in India. They did not know, perhaps, how to sell their art. May be, they never wanted to enslave the music to gain name and fame, instead they preferred to settle for service to the music!

Bhatkar was one such composer. ‘Simple living and high thinking’ – never worked in this mayanagari, but he had no regrets. Till the end he was contented with whatever God gave him, whatever name and success he achieved. He was born into a family and grew in such atmosphere which was surrounded by traditional devotional music all around. In the lower middle class, the people had their entertainments in singing bhajans and doing keertans in temples en masse.

He was born on 17-7-1919. Vasudev G. Bhatkar knew at least 100 Bhajans by heart by the time he was in his 10th class. He was invited to sing in Ganesh Melas and other celebrations and soon became a well known name in the locality. Because of his singing and skills in playing harmonium and other instruments, he got a job in HMV in Bombay. Here he used to give accompaniment on harmonium to renowned classical singers. At the same time, taking cognizance of his singing skills, many Marathi bhavgeets and bhajans were recorded by HMV in those days. Some of them are popular in Maharashtra even today.

All the while, Bhatkar was looking for opportunity to compose in films. Sudhir Phadke, who too served in HMV and recorded some songs from 1943 to 1945, joined hands with Bhatkar and made a pair – Vasudev-Sudhir. They got a film of Baburao Painter ‘Rukmini Swayamvar’ in 1946 for music direction. The problem was due to his service in HMV, he could not openly work outside, hence he only gave his name as Vasudev. After this film the pair separated and Phadke went to give music to films like ‘Gokul’, ‘Aagey Badho’ etc. Due to financial constraints Bhatkar was unable to leave the job also.

In 1941, Bhatkar had come to know Kidar Sharma while recording songs for his film ‘Chitralekha’, which he was making for Ranjit Studios. Sharma had just come from Calcutta, to establish himself in Bombay. He had a knack of identifying talents. He gave chance to Bhatkar first to sing some songs with Leela Sawant in his film ‘Kaliyan’ (1944). After ‘Rukmini Swayamvar’, Kidar Sharma gave him his first break as independent composer in his ‘Neel Kamal’ in 1947. For this film, Bhatkar used the name  B Vasudev. Kidar Sharma had launched Raj Kapoor and Madhubala in adult roles as the lead pari in this film. It also launched Bhatkar, albeit in a pseudo-name. In the subsequent years Bhatkar used different names for different films-

  • ‘Suhaag Raat’ (1948) – as Snehal
  • ‘Sant Tukaram’ (1948) – as VG Bhatkar (he sang 6 songs also)
  • ‘Thes’ (1949) – as Snehal
  • ‘Sati Ahilya’ (1949) – as VG Bhatkar
  • ‘Pagle’ (1950) – as VG Bhatkar

After completing ‘Thes’ and ‘Sati Ahilya’, Bhatkar resigned from HMV.

He and Kidar Sharma were very good friends. Kidar gave him ‘Neki Aur Badi’ in 1949. He started the work. Meanwhile, Kidar Sharma met Roshan Nagrath in some musical event. Sharma was terribly impressed with Roshan and wanted to give him a break in his film. At that point of time, Kidar had just started work on ‘Neki Aur Badi’. He had a heart to heart talk with Bhatkar and Bhatkar gladly left the film for Roshan. Thus Roshan got his break with this film. Roshan never forgot Bhatkar’s magnanimity in his life and always respected Bhatkar.

In return Kidar Sharma gave ‘Hamari Beti’ (1950) to Bhatkar.  As he was a free bird now, Bhatkar started using the name Snehal Bhatkar from this film onward. Snehal was the short form of Snehalata, his daughter. Snehal Bhatkar did many Marathi films and recorded many bhajans in Marathi, which are ever popular. He did 27 films in Hindi and 12 films in Marathi. Out of 27 Hindi films, 9 were made by Kidar Sharma.

The song which made Mubarak Begum and Bhatkar famous in India was “Kabhi Tanhayion Mein, Hamari Yaad Aayegi” from the film ‘Hamari Yaad Aayegi’ (1961). (This film was was originally named ‘Jawaan Muhabbat’). Actually this song was to be done by Lata Mangeshkar. Lata had already recorded two songs for this film. Due to her extremely busy schedule she was unable to do this song, so she suggested the name of Asha Bhosle. However, already upset over Lata’s refusal, Kidar Sharma opted for Mubarak Begum and the rest is history-as they say. She made a gold of this song with her special voice.

After 1960, the musical scene in India was undergoing drastic changes and there was no space for composers like Bhatkar, who used minimum orchestra and dwelt upon melody. His films came after long intervals. Even Kidar Sharma left him after ‘Fariyad’ (1964) (only to return in ‘Pehla Kadam’ in 1980). Finally Bhatkar did his last film ‘Sehme Huye Sitaare’ in 1994, which featured his son Ramesh Bhatkar-who was already a popular hero in Marathi film, stage and TV. This obscure film did nothing good to Bhatkar.

After retirement Bhatkar devoted his time for children’s welfare and his original love – bhajan mandali singing.

Snehal or Vasudev Gangaram Bhatkar, together with cousin Devji Bhatkar and Panchambuwa Pandurang Shivalkar, was the founder member of ‘Vishwambhar Prasadik Bhajan Mandal’ in Dadar. It is still in operation after 50 years, with new set of singers. Bhatkar was very kind hearted. Every year, during Ganapati festival he used to visit his ancestral village ‘Bhate’ in Ratnagiri district and participate in singing bhajans.

Lata, Talat and Mukesh were his favourite singers. Talat, though has not sung many songs for him, his song “Zindagi Kis Mod Pe Laayee Hamein” from ‘Diwali Ki Raat’ (1956) was very popular. When rehearsals for this song were being done, Bhatkar had used only tabla and sitar for the practice session. The producer who chanced upon this rehearsal was so much impressed with this that he insisted recording the song only with minimum instruments. So, this song has only tabla, Sitar and another instrument for accompaniment.

Though there were many melodious songs composed by Bhatkar like, Khusro’s “Lakhi Baabul More Kaahe Ko Deeni Bides” sung soulfully by Mukesh in ‘Suhag Raat’ (1948); “Ro’oge Pachhtaoge” by Mukesh and Rajkumari in ‘Thes’ (1949); Lata’s “Chanda Tumko Laaj Na Ayee” from ‘Bhola Shankar’ (1951); Suman Kalyanpur’s “Haal e Dil Un Ko Sunaana Tha” from ‘Fariyaad’ (1964), except Kidar sharma no other big banner producer opted for Snehal Bhatkar. May be, his compositions were not so simple for common man to hum or sing, although they were quality songs.

Inspite of several melodious songs Bhatkar was never counted among the 1st line composers. Kidar Sharma also returned to him in 1980, but by that time Snehal Bhatkar was already on a descending track.

Snehal Bhatkar, a talented but not much applauded music director died peacefully on 29-5-2007 at his Dadar home.

Here is the song by Talat Mehmood from film Aaj ki baat-1955.

(My thanks to Shri MN Sardana ji for his post in ‘Voh Din Yaad Karo’ on Facebook, from which some information has been used herein.)

Song – Pyaar Ki Nazron Se Un Ko Dekhta Jaata Hai Dil (Aaj Ki Baat) (1955) Singer – Talat Mehmood, Lyrics – Raj Baldev Raj, MD – Snehal Bhatkar

Lyrics

aaaaaa aaaaaa
aaaa aaaaa aaaaaa
aaaaaa aaaaaa aaaaaaa
aaaa aaaa aaaa aaaaaa

pyaar ki nazron se un ko
dekhta jaata hai dil
pyaar ki nazron ki nazron se un ko
dekhta jaata hai dil
baat un ke saamne kehne se
ghabraata hai dil

kya hua mujhko
hai mere dil ki dhadkan tez tez
kya hua mujhko
hai mere dil ki dhadkan tez tez
thaamna mujhko ke seene se
uda jaata hai dil
baat un ke saamne kehne se
ghabraata hai dil

aaye hain wo zindagi
aaye hain wo zindagi
kadmon mein un ke daal de
kadmon mein un ke daal de
dil ko samjhaati hain nazren
mujhko samjhaata hai dil
baat un ke saamne kehne se
ghabraata hai dil

ho gai shaayad mohabbat
ho gayi un se mujhe
ho gai shaayad mohabbat
ho gayi un se mujhe
jab khayaal aata hai un ka
khud behal jaata hai dil
baat un ke saamne kehne se
ghabraata hai dil

———-———————————————–
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

आsssss आsssss
आsss आssss आsssss
आsssss आsssss आssssss
आsss आsss आsss आsssss

प्यार की नज़रों से उनको
देखता जाता है दिल
प्यार की नज़रों से उनको
देखता जाता है दिल
बात उनके सामने कहने से
घबराता है दिल

क्या हुआ मुझको
है मेरे दिल की धड़कन तेज़ तेज़
क्या हुआ मुझको
है मेरे दिल की धड़कन तेज़ तेज़
थामना मुझको के सीने से
उड़ा जाता है दिल
बात उनके सामने कहने से
घबराता है दिल

आए हैं वो ज़िंदगी
आए हैं वो ज़िंदगी
कदमों में उनके डाल दे
कदमों में उनके डाल दे
दिल को समझाती हैं नज़रें
मुझको समझाता है दिल
बात उनके सामने कहने से
घबराता है दिल

हो गई शायद मोहब्बत
हो गई उनसे मुझे
हो गई शायद मोहब्बत
हो गई उनसे मुझे
जब खयाल आता है उनका
खुद बहल जाता है दिल
बात उनके सामने कहने से
घबराता है दिल


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3928 Post No. : 14999 Movie Count :

4106

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Atul Song-A-Day 15K Song Milestone Celebrations – 9
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The other day, I read one quote, ‘My grand kids believe, I am the oldest thing in the world. And after spending 2 to 3 hours with them, I believe it too !”

I liked it very much and I immediately copy-pasted it in several WA groups where I am a member-including a group of Atulites.

For most people, after a certain age and after retirement, spending time is a big problem. Especially for those, who have no hobby, reading habits or a friend circle of same age group. This was never a problem for me, not because of anything written above. I retired in 1998, i.e. about 21 years ago. After doing a roaring consultancy for 5 years, I got fed up and left everything completely.

For next few years, I traveled quite a lot, with my wife. After that I settled to a steady, disciplined life. I revived my old love – love of old films and music. After a gap of almost 50 years, I remembered my diaries, which I had written after seeing every film till about 1960 or so. I opened those boxes and to my horror found that due to humidity in Bombay, white ants had attacked the diaries. I could, however, salvage majority of them – though in torn and faded conditions. . .  but still worth their weight in gold !

By then, I had crossed 70 years of age. I learned operating the computer and smart phones etc., from my grand children and started surfing. One day I struck gold. I came across THIS BLOG. I was impressed with the Blog and enjoyed old songs whenever posted on it. After about 2 years of only commenting and sharing information on the Blog, Atul ji motivated me to write a post here. My first post was the song “Surya Wahi Chandra Wahi“, from the film ‘Savitri’ (1937) and it came up on 1st October 2012. The rest is history, as they say.

This Blog changed my life totally. It provided a purpose of life to me. Through posting articles here, I reinforced my belief that “Sharing knowledge increases your knowledge”. Along with the Blog I too grew up and earned a name for myself in the social media. Like the Blog, I too celebrated my Milestones of 100, 500, and 700 articles. . . –  and the ride continues. . . 🙂

This Blog has given me new friends. Normally, it is difficult to cultivate new friends in old age, but contrary to this, I got very good friends, though none from my age group. Still, they accepted me heartily. Thank you Atulites. The Blog occupies a vital position in our lives now. Every Blog event is shared and celebrated. In this journey, few friends were left behind and some new ones came in, but the Band Wagon marches on… on… on and on…

The Blog is approaching one of the most important Milestones in recent times – achieving a record of 15000 songs, posted with full and correct lyrics, videos as well as lot of information woven around the songs, by Atul ji and his team of contributors. I feel proud that even my ‘Two Cents’ are there in this milestone. This Blog is unique, ATUL ji is an excellent leader and all contributors to posts, lyrics, comments, videos etc deserve CONGRATULATIONS !

True to my reputation, I have selected a song from an old film – in fact a film belonging to the first 5 years of talkie era – ‘Divine Sacrifice’ aka ‘Kimti Kurbani’ from 1935. The song, written by an unknown lyricist, is sung by Rajkumari Dubey and the music is given by Master Motilal Nayak.

During the early phase of the talkie films, most music directors came with either stage or classical background. The film people never crossed borders initially – at least for the first few years. Those who worked in Bombay remained here and those who worked in Calcutta stayed put there only. Motilal Nayak was one such MD, who gave music only to films made in Calcutta.

Calcutta’s New Theatres was like a family. It ran on systems. It became a way of life for people working in it. Since its establishment in 1930, competition increased consistently, in the number of film producing companies in Calcutta. By 1938, there were many Production houses in Calcutta alone. Some of them were- Arora Film Co., Shri Bharat Laxmi Pictures, Chitramandir, RBS Productions, Dev-Dutt Films, East India Film Co., Indu Movietone, Kali Films, Kamala Talkies, Madan Theatres, New Popular Pictures, Moti Mahal Theatres, Murli Pictures, Quality Pictures, Radha Film Co., Sonoray Picture Syndicate, Sunrise Film Co., M & SFD Company, and Tollywood Studio. (Interesting point here – Bombay film industry came to be known as Bollywood decades after this Calcutta studio – Tollywood – which continues till today for Bangla film industry). Only few of these were regular film production houses with own facilities. Most others were formed to produce occasional films, using facilities at the regular production studios.

Motilal Nayak gave music to only handful films – ‘Aankh Ka Tara’ – (1932, Madan Theatres), ‘Kanya Vikray’ – (1934, Pioneer Films), ‘Divine Sacrifice’ – (1935, M&SD Films), ‘Asmat Ka Moti’ – (1935, Pioneer), Noor E Wahadat’ – (1936, East India Film Co), ‘Bandit Of The Air’ – (1936, Modern India Talkies; this was also the debut and the only film where KN Singh was the hero). All these films were made at Calcutta only.

The cast of ‘Divine Sacrifice’ was Khalil, Miss Rose, Laxmi, Abbas Ali, Sheela, Amir Ali, Agha Jaani, Rajkumari etc.

Master Khalil Ahmed (variously mentioned as Khalil, Master Khalil, and Khalil Ahmed) was the first ever star of the silent era as well as talkie films from 1920 to 1940s. Born in 1903, he became a hero in Kohinoor’s ‘Gul E Bakavali’ (1924), opposite Zubeida. He was the first handsome and macho hero of those times. He acted with all top heroines of his time. Some of his 30 silent films are, ‘Kaala Naag’, ‘Kulin Kanta’, ‘Lanka Ni Laadi’, ‘Cinema Queen’ etc.

He featured in his first talkie film, ‘Draupadi’ (1931), made by Imperial, opposite Ermeline. Then came ‘Daulat Ka Nasha’ (1931), ‘Bharati Mata’ (1932), ‘Niti Vijay’ (1932), ‘Do Rangi Duniya’ (1933) and ‘Saubhagya Sundari’ (1933). In 1934 Khalil went to Calcutta on the invitation of East India Films. His first film in Calcutta was ‘Kismet Ki Kasauti’ (1934). Then he joined Tollywood Studio (Madon Theatres). Here his first film was ‘Gaibi Gola’ (1935), in which Baby Noorjehan made her debut as a child star.

He was in great demand in Bombay also, so Khalil started doing films in Calcutta and Bombay, by frequently travelling between the two cities. This caused a lot of stress on him, but he always kept his commitments. During this period, he also got married and got children. He settled in Calcutta and traveled often to Bombay to do films there.

Khalil did different roles, including Hindu Gods. He never changed his name. In those days very few Muslim actors kept their real names. Incidentally, during his peak time, there were two more artists named Khalil. One was Khalil Aftab, who was a lyricist and he acted in film ‘Dard E Dil’ (1934) and ‘The Mill’ (1934). This latter film was banned and was released later in 1936 as ‘Ghareeb Parwar’. The other actor was Khalil Khan, who had acted in film ‘Deepak Mahal’ (1940). In all, Khalil acted in 27 talkie films. He died quite young, on 28-11-1941, at Calcutta. Too much travelling and stress must have taken its toll on him. He was only 38 year old. He left behind one wife with 5 children.

Khalil did 13 films in Calcutta – ‘Kismet Ki Kasauti (1934), ‘Gaibi Gola’ (1935), ‘Miss Manorama’ (1935), ‘Jawaani Ka Nasha’ (1935), ‘Divine Sacrifice’ (1935), ‘Raj Dulari (1936), ‘Bulbul e Iran’ (1936), ‘Parivartan’ (1936), ‘Adarsh Mahila’ (1937), ‘Aflatoon’ (1937), ‘Karmaveer’ (1938), ‘Abla Ki Shakti’ (1941) and ‘Merchant Of Venice’ (1941).

In Bombay, he did 14 films – ‘Draupadi’ (1931), Daulat Ka Nash’ (1931), ‘Bharati Mata’ (1932), ‘Niti Vijay’ (1932), ‘Do Rangi Duniya’ (1933), ‘Saubhagya Sundari’ (1933), ‘Typist Girl’ (1935), ‘Shaitan Ka Paash’ (1936), ‘Khudai Khidmatgaar’ (1937), ‘Kiski Pyaari’ (1937), ‘Hamara Desh’ (1940), ‘Pyaar’ (1940), ‘Waayda’ (1940) and ‘Taj Mahal’ (1941).

Khalil acted with most of the leading heroines of his time like, Noorjehan (Sr), Jilloo (Zulekha Ibrahim – she was known by Jilloo Bai in her later career), Kajjan (6 films), Mushtari (3 films; she died too young, in her teens only), Miss Rose (2 films), Violet Cooper (2 films), Radha Rani, Ram Pyari, Begum Akhtar (she was then known as Akhtari Faizabadi), Sulochana, Ameena, Leela Desai, Indurani, Gulab, Ermeline and Sheela etc. Khalil was very good natured and a popular actor among his co stars and producers.

A Muslim by birth, he performed are variety of roles in films. His initial acting phase included roles of Shri Krishna and Shri Ram. Disenchanted by the communal riots during those times, he gave a speech in the Indian Motion Picture Congress, on 4th May 1939. Baburao Patel’s Film India published this extract from his speech-

“I have played Hindu Gods in films. I worked under Hindu producers only. I am disturbed by these riots. I am popular among Hindus and Muslims. We are the devotees of Art and Art has no religion.”

Indian Film Industry is perhaps the only industry which is truly a secular one, since its inception. Master Khalil Ahmed was an example of that.

The film was directed by BN Rao. His original name was Balkrishna Narayanan Nair. He was born in 1909 at Tellicherry in Kerala. His family shifted to Bombay because his father got a job in Bombay. By that time it was schooling age for Rao. One kind neighbor – a Marathi individual – helped him to get admission in a nearby school. While filling up the form the Marathi friend wrote his name as BN Rao. For this friend, every south Indian name must end with Rao only! And this name stuck to him till the end.

BN Rao directed only 2 Hindi films – ‘Veer Kumari’ and ‘Divine Sacrifice’ both in 1935. Later he became a very famous and successful Tamil and Telugu director, especially with Gemini Studios and SS Vasan. His best film was ‘Bal Nagamma’ (1942) – which he only completed, when the original director Pullayya pulled out halfway. However, the credits show Pullayya’s name as director. Hindi film ‘Bahut Din Huye’ (1954) was a remake of this film. He had also written the screenplay of film ‘Chandralekha’ (1948). ‘Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema’ by Rajadhyaksha says this about BN Rao,

B.N.Rao – (b. 1909) Tamil director and actor born in Tellicherry, Kerala. Also worked in Hindi and in Telugu. Started acting at Imperial (1926); assisted R.S. Choudhury and the cameramen Adi and Rustom Irani. Went to East India Co. (1933) and later to Madan in Calcutta, where he débuted as director with Hindi films. In 1937, moved to the Central Studios in Coimbatore; then to Gemini in Madras (1940) where he directed what is taken to be the studio’s début feature, ‘Madanakamarajan’. Established himself as a successful director in the late 40s; then left to work for Shaws Malay Film Prod. (1953-6) making films starring P Ramlee, and for Cathay Keris Film Studio (1957-64) in Singapore, directing e.g. Maria Menado, Nordin Ahmad and Latifah Omar. Returned to India for one more feature and retired in Madras.

Today’s song is the only song of this film available. With this song, the film makes its debut on the Blog. Remember, this is a song almost 85 year old.

Once again, I CONGRATULATE Atul ji, Sudhir ji and all others for reaching the milestone of 15000 songs ! Jai Ho !!

Song – Kyon Na Looten Mazey Wasl e Yaar Ke (Divine Sacrifice) (1935) Singer – Rajkumari, Lyrics – Unattributed, MD – Master Motilal Nayak

Lyrics

kyon na looten mazey wasl e yaar ke

haan
kyon na looten mazey wasl e yaar ke
beete jaate hain ye din bahaar ke
haan
beete jaate hain ye din bahaar ke

ke hazaaron ki tabiyat machal jaayegi
dil laakhon ke ?? chheen kar jaayegi
jab wo niklegi seena ubhaar ke
haan
jab wo niklegi seena ubhaar ke
haan
jab wo niklegi seena ubhaar ke
haan
jab wo niklegi seena ubhaar ke
haan
kyon na looten mazey wasl e yaar ke

paan kha kar labon ko bachaane lagey
haan
aaaa aaaaa aaaaaaaaaa
aaaa aaaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaa
paan kha kar labon ko bachaane lagey
wo to hans hans ke naaz dikhaane lagey
jis mein gul ?? ?? anaar ke
haan
jis mein gul ?? ?? anaar ke
kyon na looten mazey wasl e yaar ke
haan
kyon na looten mazey wasl e . . .

teri aankhon ne to jaani ghazab kar diya
baaton baaton mein mera dil kyon le liya
khoob maari kataari sambhaar ke
haan
khoob maari kataari sambhaar ke
kyon na looten mazey wasl e yaar ke
haan
kyon na looten mazey wasl e yaa . . .

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
———————————————————-

क्यों ना लूटें मज़े वस्ल ए यार के
हाँ
क्यों ना लूटें मज़े वस्ल ए यार के
बीते जाते हैं ये दिन बहार के
हाँ
बीते जाते हैं ये दिन बहार के

के हजारों के तबीयत मचल जाएगी
दिल लाखों के ?? छीन कर जाएगी
जब वो निकलेगी सीना उभार के
हाँ
जब वो निकलेगी सीना उभार के
हाँ
जब वो निकलेगी सीना उभार के
हाँ
जब वो निकलेगी सीना उभार के
हाँ
क्यों ना लूटें मज़े वस्ल ए यार के

पान खा कर लबों को बचाने लगे
हाँ
आsss आssss आsssssss
आssss आssss आssssssssss आsssssss
पान खा कर लबों को बचाने लगे
वो तो हस हस के नाज़ दिखाने लगे
जिस में गुल ?? ?? अनार के
हाँ
जिस में गुल ?? ?? अनार के
क्यों ना लूटें मज़े वस्ल ए ॰ ॰ ॰

तेरी आँखों ने तो जानी ग़ज़ब कर दिया
बातों बातों में मेरा दिल क्यों ले लिया
खूब मारी कटारी संभार के
हाँ
खूब मारी कटारी संभार के
हाँ
क्यों ना लूटें मज़े वस्ल ए या॰ ॰ ॰


This article is written by Mahesh Mamadapur, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3927 Post No. : 14996

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Atul Song-A-Day 15K Song Milestone Celebrations – 6
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Carl Sagan, in his book, ‘Pale Blue Dot’ talks about the picture taken by Voyager I before it left the solar system. Planet Earth, the only home we have known so far appears less than a fraction of a pixel in the picture. It’s on this speck of dust like object in the vast cosmos lived every human, plant and animal we ever know and every civilization.

On this planet the greatest men in a wide variety of fields have left behind their legacies both good and bad. Their lives however great or condemnable have been spent here.  In the vastness of time and space, a few years spent by great men may mean nothing. However, the legacy left behind by such men are recognized and appreciated for generations.

Theatre and entertainment arenas have also seen many a great men and women contribute their art and expertise to mankind. Quite a few are well known and many others are often not credited to the extent to which they should be.

Narrowing down to a movie and further restricting ourselves to Hindi film and non-film songs, the essence of this blog, we are now at the doorsteps of 15 thousand representations.

By these 15k representations, we all have tried to contribute our little efforts in bringing to the fore, the works of film artists – popular, less known and unknown. Amongst the main contributors, the nearly impossible tasks are taken up more experienced and knowledgeable such as Arunkumar ji, Sudhir ji, Sadanand ji etc.  The painstaking efforts in collecting accurate information from various sources and contacts and posting in a concise manner is definitely not an easy task.

Then, there are specialists such as Nalini ji for reminding us of the artist’s anniversaries and Prakash ji for identifying lesser known actors on the screen. Raja ji, whose marathon posts never bore us and we have Avinash ji who pours his heart out in the posts. We have Bharat ji with his expertise and first-hand experience.

There have many others who were more contended with sending only lyrics and a few who keep giving home-works to others. 🙂 A few are more than happy to suggest corrections to the posts and lyrics etc. in the comments section. Then, there are also contributors who vanish for a while and re-appear for special occasions (pun about self intended). 🙂

And, finally we have Atul ji, the fulcrum of our activities and the force that binds us together. Atul ji marches along from one milestone to another. And when he reaches the next milestone, we are all automatically teleported there. 🙂

I never planned for any special song for this occasion. (That again, the leaders will have a plan). But seeing that a great gem of an even greater singer is yet to be posted, I decided to go for his solo.

The singer is Talat Mahmood, of whom quite a lot has already been written on the blog.

My father, an avid fan Talat saab often says that his voice is for royal people. By royal, he means to say people with special taste and I can’t agree with him more. Talat Saab’s melancholic songs sung in blue mood are a class apart, the likes of which one will never get to hear from any other singer.

There are several such songs of Talat Saab which one can hear multiple times and can only admire the grace and dignity in his voice for songs pertaining to even dejection.

The list seems to be endless, but it’s a fact that he sang quite fewer songs compared to his other well-known contemporaries. However, Talat Saab’s voice will always be the triumph of quality over quantity.

The present song which I had not heard in the recent past is also amongst my many favourites of Talat Mahmood. There are stars and the moon in the song in case people are wondering what Carl Sagan had to do with this song in the first place. 🙂 (Kya karein, some starting problems in writing this post)

I pray for the continued longevity on the blog, active participation of all the contributors and readers as well.

Hearty Congratulations to one and all on this great achievement.

Song – Aao Baadal Chain Se Royen (Aawaara Ladki) (1967) Singer – Talat Mehmood, Lyrics – Rajnikant, MD – Dhaniram

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

baa..aadal aa..aaawo

baadal aawo

aawo baadal aawo. . .

aao baadal chain se royen
aao baadal chain se royen
jalti dhoop
jalti dhoop
jalti dhoop mein main hoon akela
aao baadal chain se royen
aao baadal chain se royen

khush rahen
khush rahen. . .
khush rahen ye duniya waale
khush rahen ye duniya waale
khatm hua mera mela
khatm hua mera mela
main hoon aaj akela
aao baadal chain se royen
aao baadal chain se royen

armaan the dil mein mere kitne
chanda ke
haaye chanda ke saathi taare jitne
haaye chanda ke saathi taare jitne
dooba dil armaan bhi doobe
dooba dil armaan bhi doobe
toofaan ka dekha rela
main hoon aaj akela
aao baadal chain se royen
aao baadal chain se royen

din the chaar jo beet gaye mere
din the chaar jo beet gaye mere
honge dukh ke ab derey
honge dukh ke ab derey
darr nahin par hanse bhi kaise
darr nahin par hanse bhi kaise
gham se ab tak khela
main hoon aaj akela
aao baadal chain se royen
aao baadal chain se royen

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Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-

बा॰॰दल आ॰॰आवो

बादल आवो

आवो बादल आवो॰ ॰ ॰

आओ बादल चैन से रोएँ
आओ बादल चैन से रोएँ
जलती धूप
जलती धूप
जलती धूप में मैं हूँ अकेला
आओ बादल चैन से रोएँ
आओ बादल चैन से रोएँ

खुश रहें
खुश रहें॰ ॰ ॰
खुश रहें ये दुनिया वाले
खुश रहें ये दुनिया वाले
खत्म हुआ मेरा मेला
खत्म हुआ मेरा मेला
मैं हूँ आज अकेला
आओ बादल चैन से रोएँ
आओ बादल चैन से रोएँ

अरमान थे दिल में मेरे कितने
चंदा के
हाए चंदा के साथी तारे जितने
हाए चंदा के साथी तारे जितने
डूबा दिल अरमान भी डूबे
डूबा दिल अरमान भी डूबे
तूफाँ का देखा रेला
मैं हूँ आज अकेला
आओ बादल चैन से रोएँ
आओ बादल चैन से रोएँ

दिन थे चार जो बीत गए मेरे
दिन थे चार जो बीत गए मेरे
होंगे दुख के अब डेरे
होंगे दुख के अब डेरे
डर नहीं पर हँसे भी कैसे
डर नहीं पर हँसे भी कैसे
ग़म से अब तक खेला
मैं हूँ आज अकेला
आओ बादल चैन से रोएँ
आओ बादल चैन से रोएँ


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3919 Post No. : 14982

 

Today’s song is from film ‘Shahenshah Babar’ (1944).

Hindi film makers seem to have an attraction for Mughal Empire. Films were made on life events of right from Babar to Bahadurshah Zafar- the first to the last Mughal kings. I do not know what the film makers found so magnetic in their lives. Not only Mughal kings, but also the Mongol king Changez khan, Nadir Shah and generals like Behram Khan also became the subject matters of films. May be the producers found lot of scope to show big palaces, big armies, wars, dances and songs, beautiful women etc. in such films which attracted the audience.

More than any other Mughal king, it is Babar, who has been in public discussion in India , since about 20-30 years, for well known reasons for which we are not concerned here. Babar was born as Zaheeruddin Mohammed, on 14-2-1483 in Fergana valley in what is known today as Uzbekistan. He was a direct descendant of Taimurlane. At the age of 12 years he ascended his father’s thrown and faced rebellion. Next few years were spent on fighting to save his kingdom. Having lost, and won and again lost the valley of Fergana and Samarkand three times, Babar decided to go to India.

He marched with his army towards India, which was ruled by Ibrahim Khan Lodhi that time. Babar’s army was tired and tried rebellion till they reached India. In the battle of Panipat, he defeated Lodhi and became the Emperor of India. Later he fought with several Rajput kings and won also. Babar married several times and had several children too. His 3 sons were main and Humayun was his dearest son. Babar established the Mughal Empire in 1526 at Delhi. It was Humayun, who succeeded Babar when he died on 26-12-1530.

‘Shahenshah Babar’ is a depiction of his life from childhood to death, but most part of the film is about the love affair and sickness of Humayun. After his death Babar was first buried in Agra, but later his remains were buried again in Kabul. Babar is considered a national hero in Uzbekistan and Kergystan. In India Babar is not known for such good things.

This film was made by Ranjit Movietone, calling it a historical film. It was directed by Wazahat Mirza Changezi (20-4-1908 to 4-8-1990). He directed 5 films, namely, ‘Swaminath’ (1942), ‘Jawaani’ (1942), ‘Shahenshah Babar’ (1944), ‘Prabhu Ka Ghar’ (1945) and ‘Nishaana’ (1950). He wrote lyrics in films like ‘Watan’ (1938), ‘Hum Tum Aur Woh’ (1938), ‘Bahen’ (1941), ‘Roti’ (1942) and ‘Jawaani’ (1942). Later he became famous as a screenplay and dialogue writer. Some of his famous films are ‘Zeenat’ (1945), ‘Shaheed’ (1948), ‘Shikast’ (1953), ‘Mother India’ (1957), ‘Yahudi’ (1958). ‘Mughal e Azam’ (1960), ‘Ganga Jamuna’ (1961), ‘Leader’ (1964), ‘Palki’ (1967) etc.

The music director was Khemchand Prakash and lyricists were Pt. Indra, Munshi Aziz and Munshi Shums. Out of the 9 songs, today’s song is 5th song to be discussed here. The cast of the film was Khurshid, Sheikh Mukhtar, Sushil Kumar, Yakub, Majid, Anwari, Agha and others.

Religious, mythological or historical stories have some characters who are with extra ordinary strength or even Rakshasas. Such characters maintained the equilibrium of entertainment in those films and made them more interesting with their actions. In the Hindi film industry, some actors fitted this requirement. Some of them were BM Vyas, Ramayan Tiwari, Sheikh Mukhtar, Dara Singh, Dev kumar etc. Sheikh Mukhtar fitted into these roles perfectly, for example as ‘Nadir Shah’ in film ‘Nadir Shah’ (1968), as Changez Khan in film ‘Changez Khan’ (1957), or as Sher Afghan in film ‘Noor Jehan’ (1967). In social films, roles of police officers and in action/stunt films as dacoit, drunkard, gambler etc. In some of the films directors used to make him do unimaginable and unbelievable acts like in film ‘Roti’ (1942), he brings down an aircraft with his spear throw ! As a police officer, he would hold 5-6 criminals by their scruff in his extra large hands or run barefoot after a speeding jeep and stop it !

His real name was Mukhtar Ahmed Siddiqi. He was from old Delhi. His father was a senior police officer. He was Bollywood`s first ‘hunk’ – one who would have put today`s WWF hulks to shame. Exceptionally tall and frighteningly hefty, he was endowed with an immense physique. His face was a roadmap of crisscrossing muscles. A sharp jaw line added to the dimensions of his rock-hard face. Hardly `star` material compared to the Hrithiks and Salmans of today. Yet, this rugged man was once a hero.

Those were the days when a limp-wristed hero, who could not even unlock the mysteries of the lush curls of his beloved, was universally adored in cinema halls. In such times, Sheikh Mukhtar adorned the garb of a hero. This feat was achieved by movie monarch Mehboob Khan. In ‘Ek Hi Raasta’ (aka ‘The Only Way’), a film directed by Mehboob Sb for Sagar Movietone way back in 1939, Sheikh Mukhtar was one of the three heroes. The other two were Arun Ahuja (matinee idol Govinda`s father) and a certain Harish (who later directed films such as ‘Burma Road’, he was Tara Harish). Though billed as male lead, Sheikh Mukhtar never fitted into the `romantic` mold. And why should he? He portrayed an uncouth lover, almost a pre-Neanderthal man, in Mehboob Khan`s ‘Roti’ with sensuous Sitara Devi as his beloved. In that film, Sheikh would bring down an aircraft with the mere strike of his spear. When thirsty, he would empty an entire bucket down his throat in one go. Soppy dialogues oozing with maudlin emotions such as love and romance, did not come forth from the super-hunk.

In Wadia`s ‘Krishnabhakt Bodana’ (1944), Sheikh Mukhtar was the Lord`s devotee. In ‘Bahen’ (1941), he portrayed the role of Nalini Jaywant’s brother. His imposing personality fitted well into period films which dabbled in history. He played the role of Shahenshah Babar; went on to become Chengez Khan and then donned the mantle of Sher Afghan in ‘Noor Jehan’, a film which he produced. He was often teamed with Begum Para, the bewitching beauty of that era. The pair hit it off exceedingly well on the screen. For countless cinema aficionados, the Sheikh Mukhtar-Begum Para pair was a classic case of the beauty and the beast. With pint-sized Mukri, Sheikh Mukhtar had a successful celluloid partnership. Sheikh Mukhtar produced a string of Hindi films, such as ‘Dada’, ‘Dara’, ‘Ustad Pedro’, ‘Toote Taare’, ‘Mr. Lambu’, ‘Annadaata’, ‘Mangu’ (with another beauty, Nigar Sultan), ‘Do Ustaad’, and ‘Noor Jehan’, among others.

He wove into his films a variety of songs, from “Bahaaron Ke Dole Mein Aayi Hai Jawaani”, a romantic number from ‘Annadaata’, to naughty ditties, such as “Dil Ka Ye Injan Seetiyaan Maare” from ‘Ustaad Pedro’, and “Namaste, Doctor Baaro, Hum Ko Bhi Ek Injection Maaro”. Sheikh Mukhtar`s pair of shoes, of twelve number size, (in ‘Do Ustaad’), summed up his big time existence. His role in this film was widely appreciated. Sheikh Mukhtar showcased his acting talents in the concluding scene of ‘Do Ustaad’ when he holds his long-lost brother and son to his bosom.

Sheikh Mukhtar invested all his hard-earned money on ‘Noor Jehan’, his dream project. However, the period film bombed miserably at the box office. And with the film collapsed this mighty man. Debts began to pile up. Income Tax arrears kept multiplying in geometrical progression. Unable to resolve this crisis, Sheikh Mukhtar, who was adored in Bollywood for his integrity and for his firmness to keep vices of every variety at bay, fled to Pakistan with the alacrity of a small-time house burglar. He took with him the prints of his films. But, sadly, the Pakistan film industry offered him no succor. He kept running from pillar to post, visiting government offices with a plea that he be allowed to release his films.

He was not at all welcomed by Pak film industry. As it is Indian films were already banned there. When all efforts failed, he met General Zia ul Haq. He was a great fan of Sohrab Modi. When he learnt that Sohrab Modi was acting in this film, he allowed the film’s release. However, the Pak film industry went to Supreme court against this order. The case dragged on and finally on 11th may 1980 he won the case. While hee was returning to Lahore with his son Sheikh Moinuddin, Mukhtar got a severe heart attack in the flight. He was immediately taken home and doctor was called. Strangely no doctor came to help him. Finally by the time he was taken to hospital, he died on the way.

‘Noor Jehan’, which was released in Pakistan after Sheikh Mukhtar died, on 23rd may 1980, kept the box office registers ringing with cash. In his 40 years’ career he acted in 70 films and under the banner of his own Omar Khayyam Films, he produced 8 films. (Some information from articles by Shirish Kanekar and Jawed Hamid is used here with thanks).

Singer actress Khurshid played the heroine Hameeda’s role and sang good songs too. Here is an edited interview of Khursheed, taken in 1992,by Pakistani journalist, Navid Rasheed (Thanks to Cineplot)..

Khursheed Bano was born as Irshad Begum in Lahore, on 14th April 1914. As a child she resided in the Bhatti Gate area next to Allama Iqbal’s house. The two families were pretty close. Khursheed was a child then. There was no ambition of joining the showbiz bandwagon then and it was by chance that led her to this arena.

Khursheed was very still young when she became an actress in the early 30’s. The era of the silent movies had already ended with the release of ‘Alam Ara’ in 1931 and the Indian film industry was going through a revolution. What set her apart from other heroines were her attractive face and certain flamboyance owing to which she made her presence felt. And then she was very good actress who could be melodramatic and happy-go-lucky with equal ease.

Each star then was required to playback for themselves and Khursheed was lucky to have a good voice. Hence started the brilliant era of some timeless classical and exemplary numbers like “Panchhi Baawraa Chaand Se Preet Lagaaye”.

The graceful and decent actress was luckier to secure some of the best films including ‘Sitaara’, ‘Shaadi’, ‘Musafir’, ‘Pardesi’, ‘Bhagat Surdas’, ‘Dekha Jayega’, ‘Shehanshah Babar’ and ‘Tansen’. ‘Pardesi’ had a very famous soundtrack comprising of memorable numbers by the late actress. In ‘Tansen’ she played the protagonist Tani with Kundan Lal Saigal as Tansen. Together they made indelible performances and the role took her to great heights. She even transcended Saigal with her strong performances and pretty looks and her fans started calling her Tani after that. Her leading men in those days apart from Saigal were Motilal, Ishwar Lal, Nazeer and Sadiq Ali. She made a successful pair with Motilal the most. Her female contemporaries included actresses of caliber like Kanan Bala, Devika Rani, Leela Chitnis, Suraiya, Swaranlata and Noor Jehan. The last three were her juniors.

Khursheed said that there was no such thing as rivalry in those days and actresses worked in close coordination. Abusing, backbiting or gossiping was not amongst their traits. Even the male stars with whom she worked treated her with great respect and there were no scandals.

Though she was an accomplished singer, acting remained her forte and first love. “Singing was a requirement to be a heroine in those days”, she said, “and even heroines with not too good voices were forced to sing if they were to act. But the composers were so good that they managed to get the best out of them then. Each song was recorded after several rehearsals. But I was an actress first and singing was just to complement that.”

Khursheed was not too happy with the way films shaped up in the years to come. So much so that she never wanted to see films anymore. In the interview she expressed her displeasure, “In spite of the resources and much higher budget, there is not a single film maker in the entire sub continent who could make a film even half as good as the films made in my era. Ours were simple films but treated well and had strong content. Plus the hard work and honesty of each unit member reflected in the entire film. This thing is missing now. A film is not only about technique, rather the issue, sensitivity and sincere dedication too.

Following partition in 1947, Khursheed opted to move to Pakistan. She worked in two Pakistani films too – ‘Mandi’ and ‘Fankaar’. But then she decided to quit and tied the knot with a Karachi – based businessman Yousaf Bhai Mian. They had one daughter who lived in the US when the interview was conducted. She then concentrated on her marriage alone and emerged equally successful on the home front as much as she was in films. She was happy that she quit films before their standards declined .

Khursheed died on 18-4-2001 at Lahore.

Khursheed Bano sang about 170 songs in about 40 films in India. Her life and career would have been like any other actor/singer, but for the controversy of her initiation into films as ‘SHEHLA’ ( HFGK writes this name as SHAILA ) at Calcutta between 1931 and 1935. It was finally and conclusively proved by Shri Kamlakar Pasupuleti ji, that Khurshid and Shehla were different and two separate individuals.

The story of film Shahenshah Babar,

The film starts with the march of Babar’s army to India in 1526, with flashbacks of his childhood and activities as an young man. Defeating Ibrahim Khan Lodhi in the battle of Panipat, Babar becomes Emperor of India.

One of his knights Sardar Sheikh has a daughter Hameeda. She and Babar’s son Humayun fall in love and meet often. When Babar comes to know this, he takes a promise from Humayun that he will forget Hameeda. Humayun promises and leaves Hameeda. Heart broken Hameeda is taken by her father to their native place .

Humayun falls ill and is on death bed. To save his life Babar prays to God that he saves Humayun and instead give death to Babar. In addition, he himself goes and brings back Hameeda to Humayun. In few months Humayun gets well, but Babar dies.

I distinctly remember, when I was studying in 5th or 6th standard, we had a lesson “The Power of Prayer” and in this lesson Babar and Humayun’s story was told, how Babar sacrifices his life for son’s life by praying to God. The film too has the same theme. It seems this story is there in ‘Humayun-Nama’ written by Gulbadan Begum, half sister of Humayun. I have not seen this film.

Today’s song is a duet of Zohrabai and Munshi Aziz. The song is written by Pt. Indra.

(Some information has been used, with thanks, from book ‘Forgotten movies on Muslim Culture 1933-1947’, by Shri Kamlakar Pasupuleti ji.)

Song – Hamen Bhool Mat Jaiyo Raja Ji  (Shahenshah Babar) (1944) Singer – Zohrabai, Munshi Aziz, Lyrics – Pt Indra, Music – Khemchand Prakash

Lyrics

hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji
hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji

ho raja ji
souten ke lambe lambe kes
o raja ji
souten ke lambe lambe kes
ulajh mat jaee
ulajh mat jaiyo raja ji
hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji

o rani ji
jaana padey hai bides
o rani ji
jaana padey hai bides
sandesa deti rahiyo
ho sandesa deti rahiyo rani ji
hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji

purab mat jaiyo ho morey raja
purab mat jaiyo ho morey raja
maalan ke teekhe teekhe nain
ho raja ji
maalan ke teekhe teekhe nain
paagal na ban jaiyo
ho paagal na ban jaiyo raja ji
hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji

dil to rahega paas tumhaare
dil to rahega paas tumhaare
naadan hai kismet kahiyo
o rani ji
naadan hai kismet kahiyo
sandesa deti rahiyo
ho sandesa deti rahiyo rani ji
hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji

dacchin mat jaiyo o morey raja
dacchin mat jaiyo o morey raja
panihaari ki matwaali chaal
ho raja ji
panihaari ki matwaali chaal
machal mat jaiyo
haaye machal mat jaiyo raja ji
hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji

pyaasa rahoon par panghat na jaavun
pyaasa rahoon par panghat na jaavun
tum hi pyaas bujhaiyo o rani ji
tum hi pyaas bujhaiyo
sandesa deti rahiyo
ho sandesa deti rahiyo rani ji
hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-

हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी
हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी

हो राजा जी
सौतन के लंबे लंबे केस

राजा जी
सौतन के लंबे लंबे केस
उलझ मत जइ
उलझ मत जइयो राजा जी
हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी

ओ रानी जी
जाना पड़े है बिदेस
ओ रानी जी
जाना पड़े है बिदेस
सँदेसा देती रहियो
हो सँदेसा देती रहियो रानी जी
हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी

पूरब मत जइयो हो मोरे राजा
पूरब मत जइयो हो मोरे राजा
मालन के तीखे तीखे नैन
हो राजा जी
मालन के तीखे तीखे नैन
पागल ना बन जइयो
हो पागल ना बन जइयो राजा जी
हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी

दिल तो रहेगा पास तुम्हारे
दिल तो रहेगा पास तुम्हारे
नादाँ है किस्मत कहियों
ओ रानी जी
नादाँ है किस्मत कहियों
सँदेसा देती रहियो
हो सँदेसा देती रहियो रानी जी
हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी

दछिन मत जइयो ओ मोरे राजा
दछिन मत जइयो ओ मोरे राजा
पनिहारी की मतवाली चाल
हो राजा जी
पनिहारी की मतवाली चाल
मचल मत जइयो
हाए मचल मत जइयो राजा जी
हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी

प्यासा रहूँ पर पनघट ना जावूँ
प्यासा रहूँ पर पनघट ना जावूँ
तुम ही प्यास बुझइयो ओ रानी जी
तुम ही प्यास बुझइयो
सँदेसा देती रहियो
हो सँदेसा देती रहियो रानी जी
हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has over 15400 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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(© 2008 - 2020) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

Total number of songs posts discussed

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Movies with all their songs covered =1180
Total Number of movies covered =4243

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