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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Lyrics by Sudhir’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3843 Post No. : 14854

Today’s song is from film ‘Bhedi Bangla’ (1949). This film was produced by Anand Subramanyam, under the banner of Jagriti films, owned by Master Bhagwan. The story, dialogues and songs were by Ehsaan Rizvi and music was by P Ramakant. This was a name used by C Ramchandra, because he was under contract with Filmistan and could not give music in his own name. It started with Raja Nene’s film Shadi Se Pehle’ in 1947, in which he first used his assistant’s name Paingankar (the joint MD was Karnad). His name was Ramakant Paingankar and was assisting Chitalkar for a long time. Later, for Bhagwan’s films like ‘Bhedi Bangla’, ‘Bhole Bhale’ (1949), ‘Babuji’ (1950), and ‘Bakshish’ (1950) also, Chitalkar used the pseudo name P Ramakant as MD (information from Marathi Chitrapat Sangeetkar Kosh by Madhu Potdar).

Master Bhagwan was a very hard working person. In the real sense, he brought in the wave of stunt films in the late 40s. After the films of Master Vithal and Fearless Nadia waned in their popularity by 1944-45, it was Master Bhagwan, who established his own Production house – Jagriti Films, and produced several stunt films. He had a set of actors and actresses, which included Baburao Pehelwan, Vasantrao Pehelwan, Azeembhai, Shanta Patel, Chanchal, Leela Gupte, Usha Shukla and Vitha Lokare.

The storyline for most of his films was also fixed. Two young vagabonds – Baburao Pehelwan and Bhagwan, come to Bombay in search of employment. One Sethji (Azeembhai) appoints them to protect him from the local criminal (Vasantrao Pehelwan). Sethji has a good looking daughter (one of the stock Heroines), who has a maid (another girl from the stock). Baburao loves Seth ji’s daughter and Bhagwan loves the maid. After lot many stunts and fighting scenes, the end would be happy. The same story with changed names and other minor changes was used in almost all his films like ‘Badla’, ‘Bahadur’, ‘Jalan’, ‘Madadgaar’, ‘Dosti’, ‘Shake Hand’, ‘Matlabi’, ‘Bach Ke Rehna’, ‘Bhole Bhale’, ‘Jeete Raho’ or such other films. The audience did not mind . They were happy with the stunts. (Did Nasir Hussain get inspiration from Bhagwan in this matter ?)

Master Bhagwan entered the film world with silent film ‘Bewafa Ashiq’ (1930). His first talkie film was ‘Himmat-e-Marda’ (1934). Initially, like all other heroes, even Bhagwan used to sing his own songs. Once he had gone to Columbia company for rehearsal and recording a song. While entering, he saw a young man sitting under a tree and writing something. After rehearsal, he saw that fellow again and even after recording the man was still writing something. Bhagwan went to him and asked with curiosity what was he writing. The man answered, I am writing songs and stories. He came to know that his name was Ehsaan Rizvi and that he too lives in Dadar like Bhagwan. He took Rizvi’s address and left.

In 1938, Bhagwan got his first film as a director- ‘Bahadur Kisaan’ (1938). He called Ehsan Rizvi and gave him the job of writing the story, dialogues and songs. From that day Ehsaan Rizvi became a part of his team. He wrote for at least 25 films of Bhagwan’s. Born in 1914, Rizvi wrote lyrics for 60 films, but most of them were B or C grade films. He however wrote dialogues and screenplay for some well known films like ‘Do Ustad’ (1959), ‘Mughal e Azam’ (1960), ‘Woh Kaun Thi’ (1964), ‘Aan Milo Sajna’ (1971), ‘Gopichand Jasoos’ (1982) etc. He had shared the Filmfare award for dialogues of ‘Mughal e Azam’, with 3 other writers. He died on 16-1-1983.

Bhagwan and CR got introduced when Bhagwan was directing film ‘Bahadur Kisaan’ for producer Chandrarao Kadam. The MD was Meer Saheb and CR was his assistant. Of course, that time he was just Ram Chitalkar. Their friendship lasted for many more years. For film ‘Bahadur Kisaan’, the background music was composed by Naushad, CR and Sajjad Hussain. Naushad played piano, CR played organ and Sajjad played mandolin. Another person Prem, played clarinet. They were all struggling artistes then.

In 1942 Bhagwan directed ‘Sukhi Jeevan’, for which CR was the MD for the first time. Bhagwan and the producer Harishchandra Rao Kadam had some dispute on payments. Bhagwan decided to start his own production company and he started Jagriti Pictures. His first film was ‘Badla’ (1943). For this film he took 80,000 from a financier, with a condition of repaying one lakh rupees after the film is released. After this film Bhagwan churned out film after film in the stunt genre. In 1949, Bhagwan made film ‘Bhedi Bangla’, which was the first of its kind – a sort of horror cum mystery film. The film was a hit film. With this film Bhagwan had reached the zenith of his stunt films.

In this film, there were several scenes, where Bhagwan sees a ghost and his eyes widen and breath is held up. Due to the strain on the eyes, they became red and swollen and after some time, suddenly, he could not see anything. He thought that he has become blind. He shouted for his brother Shanker. Bhagwan was immediately taken to a hospital in Girgaon. The doctor examined him,gave him an injection and some tablets. That night he slept like a dead man, but after getting up on next day noon, he was happy that his eyesight was normal now.

Bhagwan had noticed that whenever his film’s trial show was arranged, a handsome young man would be present there. When he saw this man at the trial show of ‘Bhedi Bangla’ again, he inquired as to who he was. The young man told him that his name was Raj Kapoor and he was son of the great Prithviraj Kapoor. Bhagwan called him and asked him why he came. Raj kapoor said, “Sir, I like your stunt films. I am your fan. In my films, I copy your dance style. Why don’t you make a social film ?”. Few days later, even CR also pushed him hard to enter the social film genre now, so that CR can openly lend his name to Bhagwan’s films as MD and his film will get the benefit of his fame. Thereafter Bhagwan started thinking about it seriously and then ‘Albela’ happened. The rest is history, as they say! The story of Albela making, some other time. . .

The story of film Bhedi Bangla was,

Shyam (Baburao Pehelwan) and Manglu (Bhagwan) are friends and good for nothing. They come to Bombay to look for easy money. They pretend to be lame and blind and start begging. However, after few days, their secret is out and and the enraged public of Bombay gives them a sound thrashing. An onlooker calls them and asks if they would do a good job, instead of this nonsense. The agree and they are appointed as watchmen for a deserted haveli. It is owned by a Sethani (Tarabai – elder sister of Sitara Devi and mother of dancer Gopi Krishna). Her daughter is beautiful Prema (Leela Gupte). There is an estate manager also (Azeembhai – who later became a famous fight master in Hindi films), who does not like their coming there.

One day the friends find the dead body of the haveli’s maali (gardener) (Inamdar) in the premises of the haveli. The estate manager complains to the police. Police start investigations. Maali had a good looking daughter – Champa (Usha Shukla). While Manglu tries to take care of her, the estate manager tells police that he suspects this duo of murdering the maali. In absence of any proof, police do not arrest them but keep an eye on them.

Suddenly, the friends start seeing ghosts in the haveli. First few days, they are scared, but realise that this is all bogus and they try to reach the bottom of the matter. Finally, they unearth a plan of the estate manager to scare everybody, so that no one will remain there and he can conduct his gold smuggling business from there. He only has murdered the maali. After solid stunts and fighting scenes, the culprits are arrested and Shyam and Prema and Manglu and Champa are united. (658).

The film had 8 songs. Most songs are available on You Tube. 4 songs are already discussed here. Today’s song is the 5th song. It is a duet of Lata and Chitalkar. All in all, ‘Bhedi Bangla’ aka ‘The House of Mystery’ was a ‘paisa vasool‘ entertainment.

(Thanks to ‘Ek Albela’ by Isaq Mujawar and Mike Barnum’s Blog, for some information used here).

 

Song – Aansoo Na Bahaana, Ab Aansoo Na Bahaana  (Bhedi Bangla (aka House of Mystery)) (1949) Singer – Chitalkar, Lata Mangeshkar, Lyrics – Ehsaan Rizvi, Music – P Ramakant (aka C Ramchandra)
Chitalkar + Lata Mangeshkar

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

aansoo na bahaana
ab aansoo na bahaana
kaanton bhari ye raah se hai
muskuraate jaana
aansoo na bahaana
ab aansoo na bahaana
kaanton bhari ye raah se hai
muskuraate jaana

mast pawan is  phulwari mein
kali kali khilaati hai
mast pawan is  phulwari mein
kali kali khilaati hai
usi chaman mein raen andhere
shabnam neer bahaati hai
usi chaman mein raen andhere
shabnam neer bahaati hai
tum kehte ho is jag mein
bas hansna aur hasaana
kaanton bhari ye raah se hai
muskuraate jaana
aansoo na bahaana
ab aansoo na bahaana
kaanton bhari ye raah se hai
muskuraate jaana

sukh mein to hansti hai duniya
sabka yehi haal hai
sukh mein to hansti hai duniya
sabka yehi haal hai
lekin dukh utha kar koi
hanse to phir ye kamaal hai
lekin dukh utha kar koi
hanse to phir ye kamaal hai
jag ki reet badal kar dekho
dukh ko bhi sukh banaana
kaanton bhari ye raah se hai
muskuraate jaana
aansoo na bahaana
ab aansoo na bahaana
kaanton bhari ye raah se hai
muskuraate jaana

sach poocho do dil ka milna
kaanta bhi hai phool bhi
pyaar ko sach maano to sach hai
bhool kaho to bhool bhi
sach poocho do dil ka milna
kaanta bhi hai phool bhi
pyaar ko sach maano to sach hai
bhool kaho to bhool bhi
lekin dil mein himmat ho to
khud badlega zamaana
kaanton bhari ye raah se hai
muskuraate jaana

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-

आँसू न बहाना
अब आँसू न बहाना
काँटों भरी ये राह से है
मुसकुराते जाना
आँसू न बहाना
अब आँसू न बहाना
काँटों भरी ये राह से है
मुसकुराते जाना

मस्त पावन इस फुलवारी में
कली कली खिलाती है
मस्त पावन इस फुलवारी में
कली कली खिलाती है
उसी चमन में रैन अंधेरे
शबनम नीर बहाती है
उसी चमन में रैन अंधेरे
शबनम नीर बहाती है
तुम कहते हो इस जग में
बस हँसना और हँसाना
काँटों भरी ये राह से है
मुसकुराते जाना
आँसू न बहाना
अब आँसू न बहाना
काँटों भरी ये राह से है
मुसकुराते जाना

सुख में तो हँसती है दुनिया
सबका येही हाल है
सुख में तो हँसती है दुनिया
सबका येही हाल है
लेकिन दुख उठा कर कोई
हँसे तो फिर ये कमाल है
लेकिन दुख उठा कर कोई
हँसे तो फिर ये कमाल है
जग की रीत बदल कर देखो
दुख को भी सुख बनाना
काँटों भरी ये राह से है
मुसकुराते जाना
आँसू न बहाना
अब आँसू न बहाना
काँटों भरी ये राह से है
मुसकुराते जाना

सच पूछो दो दिल का मिलना
काँटा भी है फूल भी
प्यार को सच मानो तो सच है
भूल कहो तो भूल भी
सच पूछो दो दिल का मिलना
काँटा भी है फूल भी
प्यार को सच मानो तो सच है
भूल कहो तो भूल भी
लेकिन दिल में हिम्मत हो तो
खुद बदलेगा ज़माना
काँटों भरी ये राह से है
मुसकुराते जाना

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3825 Post No. : 14829

Wonder pe Thunder !

Today’s song is from film ‘Hare Rama Hare Krishna’ (1971). When I found that this very popular and famous song of the early 70s was yet to be covered in the blog, my first reaction was to disbelieve it. I was almost sure that there was some mistake. I scanned the entire ‘H’ alphabet film list, bur could not see this song under any heading. Then I checked the year wise and MD wise lists – with same result. I was wondering how this song has escaped from the keen eyes of our contributors, who are specialists in the songs of the 70s ! At the end of it, I even checked with Atul ji, who confirmed that the song, indeed, was yet to be covered by us. This was a bonanza for me.

This is one of the songs of RD Burman, which I liked very much. Comparatively, he was one of the new composers in those times – in my opinion – though he had already done about 40 films before ‘Hare Rama Hare Krishna’ (HRHK). In last few years I had liked few songs from his earlier films like ‘Parichay’ (1972), ‘Seeta aur Geeta’ (1972), ‘Caravan’ (1971), ‘Kati Patang’ (1970) and ‘Teesri Manzil’ (1966). However, he suffered in my hands, due to my biased view of film songs of the period of 70s and beyond and except few more songs of RD Burman, I never liked his music, which in general I felt, was too loud and mostly copied from other sources (see several U-Tube videos on this issue, as a proof). However, I concede that he was a worthy son of a worthy composer compared to some other composer-son composers and that his music was much better than theirs and that he lasted for a longer period, cut short only by his sudden death in 1994, at the age of 55 years.

Today’s song is sung by Asha Bhosle and chorus and its video shows that it was sung on screen by a Hippie Girl (Zeenat Aman) amidst a smoking Hippie crowd. Somewhere in the year 1966, I had visited Goa (Panaji) to participate in a conference. During my visit, we had 2 free days and we roamed around the beautiful beaches of Goa. Goa had been liberated from the Portuguese about 6 years back and the Indian tourists did not have enough time yet to spoil the beaches and cities of Goa. So we could really enjoy our trip. During our beach visits we saw many Hippie groups, behaving in a ‘who cares’ attitude on the beaches. No wonder, many of my colleagues took their photographs to show in their respective private circles. That was a time when the Hippie culture had spread around the world.

Hippie (also spelled hippy) people were members of a counter cultural movement during the 1960s and 1970s, that rejected the mores of mainstream American life. The movement originated on college campuses in the United States, and also spread to other countries. Hippies felt alienated from middle-class society, which they saw as dominated by materialism and repression, and they developed their own distinctive lifestyle. They favoured long hair and casual, often unconventional, attire, sometimes in ‘psychedelic’ colours.

Many males grew beards, and both men and women wore sandals and beads. Long flowing granny dresses were popular with women, and rimless granny glasses with both men and women. Hippies commonly took up communal or cooperative living arrangements, and they often adopted vegetarian diets based on unprocessed foods and practiced holistic medicine. Hippies tended to be dropouts from society, foregoing regular jobs and careers, although some developed small businesses that catered to other hippies.

Hippies advocated non-violence and love, a popular phrase being “Make love, not war,” for which they were sometimes called ‘flower children’. They promoted openness and tolerance as alternatives to the restrictions and regimentation they saw in the middle-class society. Hippies often practiced open sexual relationships and lived in various types of family groups. They commonly sought spiritual guidance from sources outside the Judeo-Christian tradition, particularly Buddhism and other Eastern religions. Hippies promoted the recreational use of hallucinogenic drugs, particularly marijuana and LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide), in so-called head trips, justifying the practice as a way of expanding consciousness.

By the mid-1970s the movement had waned, and by the 1980s hippies had given way to a new generation of young people who were intent on making careers for themselves in business and who came to be known as yuppies (young urban professionals). Nonetheless, hippies continued to have an influence on the wider culture, seen, for example, in more relaxed attitudes toward sex, in the new concern for the environment, and in a widespread lessening of formality.

Film HRHK was Dev Anand’s idea. Initially, he wanted Zahida to become its Heroine. She, however rejected the offer when she learnt that in the film, she would be Dev’s sister – Jasbir. Dev Anand also wanted SD Burman to do the music. When Dada heard the original story, in which Zeenat falls in love with Dev, not knowing that he was her brother, Dada flatly refused the film and also advised Dev to change the story, as Indian public would be averse to an incest story. Eventually RD Burman was selected as MD.

Similarly, this song – “Dum Maaro Dum” was originally to be a duet of Usha Uthup and Lata Mangeshkar. Possibly Asha Bhosle, who was on the verge of leaving OPN and joining RD Burman (who had applied for a divorce with Rita –  his wife) scuttled the plan and the song came to Asha as a solo and another duet with usha Uthup. RD burman then changed the whole tune of the song, using Asha’s skill of singing in higher pitches.

All songs of this film became popular, especially “Phoolon Ka Taaron Ka Sabka Kehna Hai” and “Dum Maaro Dum” were heard everywhere. The lyrics of the song “Dum Maaro Dum” were very apt to indicate and describe the philosophy and frustration of the younger generation in that period –

duniya ne hum ko diya kya
duniya se hum ne liya kya
hum sab ki parvah karen kyun
sabne hamara kiya kya

All this clearly indicated what was eating the minds of young people.

Fortunately, 70s was the period when the Hippie culture was on decline worldwide. As such, this type of philosophy and such cult did not fit into the Indian mind set in any case. Therefore, this culture did not grow much here and had a natural end – like everywhere else in the world.

Two interesting anecdotes about this film. One, Dev Anand in his autobiography -“Romancing With Life “, published in 2007, had confessed that during this film, he had fallen in love with Zeenat. He was to make a confession to her, when he learnt that she had gone very close to Raj Kapoor. In one party, he also saw Raj kapoor hugging Zeenat and she was responding to him. Dev was disillusioned. He knew that Zeenat was keen to work in RK’s film ‘Satyam Shivam Sundaram’, and that all this was due to that only. He simply removed her thought from his mind.

Second is about the Burmans. In the program ‘Phool Khile Hain Gulshan Gulshan’, Pancham narrated that – “Papa used to go for morning walk everyday in Juhu. People recognised him and would say, look, SD Burman is going. One day he came back very excited. He told me, today people recognised me and said, Look RD Burman’s father is going. Papa was proud of me that my music in HRHK was famous and popular.”

Nandu Chawathe- a leading fiddler and violinist was associated with Pancham in those days. This person – Nandu Chawathe, was a guest in one of our get togethers of Atulites in Mumbai, thanks to one of our members Nitin ji Shah. He had played some songs on his violin in that meeting,  Chawathe says that Dev Anand was very much upset, when Asha replaced Lata and Pancham took time to compose the new tune for Asha Bhosle. The final product, however, pleased Dev Anand.

The story of the film, as given in wiki, is –

In the background of the rise of the International Hare Krishna movement in the 1970s, is a Montreal-based family of the Jaiswals, consisting of mom, dad, son, Prashant, and daughter, Jasbir. Due to differences, Mr and Mrs Jaiswal separate, leaving Jasbir with dad, and Prashant with his mom. Eventually Prashant and his mom travel to India, leaving father and daughter behind in Montreal. Mr. Jaiswal remarries, and brings his new wife to live in his home. Jasbir is told by her nanny that her mother & brother are dead. Back in India Prashant is sent to a boarding school and his father makes sure that none of Prashant’s letters reach Jasbir, so that it would be easy on her part to get over emotional trauma. Jasbir is upset with her inconsiderate step-mother and ignorant father who is deeply immersed in his business.

Years later, Prashant has grown up to be a pilot. He has received a letter from his dad that Jasbir, who had rebelled and left home, is now located in Kathmandu, Nepal, with a group of hippies. Prashant decides to find his sister and hopefully get her back to the family. When Prashant lands in Kathmandu he does not find Jasbir, but instead finds Janice, who is indeed his sister with a new name. Janice has no recollection of her childhood, and is always in the company of hippies spending most of her time consuming alcohol & drugs with them.

Janice lives with the hippies in the property rented out by local landlord Drona. Drona’s real business is stealing ancient artifacts from Kathmandu and selling it to foreign nationals. Michael, one of the hippies, is the one who does all the dirty work for him. Janice’s boyfriend Deepak misunderstands that Prashant is trying to woo Janice, hence they exchange a few blows every time they meet. Meanwhile, Drona has an eye on Shanti, a local salesgirl working in one of the shops owned by him. Shanti has feelings for Prashant which creates one more enemy for him. Later Prashant and Shanti elope and get married. At the same time a precious idol is stolen from local temple by Michael, which he hides in Janice’s house. Prashant secretly observes all this. Drona tries to frame Shanti for theft by secretly planting another stolen artifact in her house. Later he spreads the word that since the day Prashant has arrived idols are being stolen and he is stalking local girls.

The police commissioner is a friend of Prashant’s father, and has already received a letter stating the purpose of Prashant’s visit to Kathmandu. He suspects that Drona is trying to frame Prashant because he has married Shanti. He gets a search warrant for the entire property of Drona and recovers a diary which has contact details of his friends abroad who help him sell the stolen artifacts. The police also recover the stolen artifact from Shanti’s home, squarely blaming Prashant for it. Shanti is deeply hurt by this and looks around for Prashant. Prashant meanwhile is with Janice, trying to convince her that he is her brother, who she had been told dead long back. Michael overhears the conversation & conspires to put the blame on the brother-sister duo. Taking advantage of the situation Drona and Michael instigate the locals against Prashant by framing him for the theft and duping Shanti under pretext of marriage. The hippies and the locals are now ready to bash Prashant the moment they come across him.

When Prashant again tries to meet Janice, the hippies give him a solid thrashing. The police commissioner intervenes and Prashant is saved. At the same time the true face of Drona is uncovered and he meets his end trying to run away from police. Janice sees that both her parents have arrived to meet her and realizes that Prashant is indeed her brother. Janice is deeply hurt that her parents had to see her in this state. She runs away from them and commits suicide. In her suicide note she tells Prashant how deeply she loved him and she never intended him to find her in this state and suicide was the only way out for her.

‘Hare Rama Hare Krishna’ (released on 9-12-1971) was a Landmark film for Navketan – a film production company, which could boast of a world record (yet unbeaten) that the company was run for 62 years by the same person who established it in 1949 ! The cult song “Dum Maaro Dum” became so popular that no function was complete without this song for the next 10 years! Enjoy this song here today…..

[Author’s Note: The article uses information from books ‘Gaata Rahe Mera Dil’ and ‘Music Beyond Boundaries’, Wiki, The Hindu and my notes].

Video (Partial)

Audio (Complete)

Song – Dum Maro Dum, Mit Jaayen Gham  (Hare Rama Hare Krishna) (1971) Singer – Asha Bhosle, Lyrics – Anand Bakshi, Music – RD Burman
Female Chorus
Male Chorus

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

hush..shh..shh..shh

dum maaro dum..mm..mmaaaa
mit jaaye gham..mm..mmaaaa
bolo subah shaa..aam
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram

dum maaro dum..mm..mmaaaa
mit jaaye gham..mm..mmaaaa
bolo subah shaa..aam
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram

pa..aa pa ra pa pa tu tu tu
aa..aa ee..ee
ta raa ta raa ta raa ta raa raa..aa

duniya ne hum ko diya kya
duniya se hum ne liya kya
hum sab ki parvah karen kyon
sab ne hamaara kiya kya
duniya ne hum ko diya kya
duniya se hum ne liya kya
hum sab ki parvah karen kyon
sab ne hamaara kiya kya

aaaa aaaa aaaa aaaa

dum maaro dum..mm..mmaaaa
mit jaayen gham..mm..mmaaaa
bolo subah shaa..aam
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram

hush..shh..shh..shh

dum maaro dum..mm..mmaaaa
mit jaaye gham..mm..mmaaaa
bolo subah shaa..aam
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram

chaahe jiyenge marenge
hum na kisi se darenge
hum ko na roke zamaana
jo chaahenge hum karenge

aaaa aaaa aaaa aaaa

dum maaro dum..mm..mmaaaa
mit jaayen gham..mm..mmaaaa
bolo subah shaa..aam
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram
hare krishn hare ram

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-
हश॰॰शश॰॰शश॰॰शश

दम मारो दम॰॰मम्म॰॰मम्मआ॰॰आ
मिट जाएँ ग़म॰॰मम्म॰॰मम्मआ॰॰आ
बोलो सुबह शा॰॰आम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम

दम मारो दम॰॰मम्म॰॰मम्मआ॰॰आ
मिट जाएँ ग़म॰॰मम्म॰॰मम्मआ॰॰आ
बोलो सुबह शा॰॰आम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम

पा॰॰आ प र पा पा तु तु तु
आ॰॰आ ई॰॰ई
त रा त रा त रा त रा रा॰॰आ

दुनिया ने हमको दिया क्या
दुनिया से हमने लिया क्या
हम सबकी परवाह करें क्यों
सब ने हमारा किया क्या

आ॰॰ आ॰॰ आ॰॰ आ॰॰

दम मारो दम॰॰मम्म॰॰मम्मआ॰॰आ
मिट जाएँ ग़म॰॰मम्म॰॰मम्मआ॰॰आ
बोलो सुबह शा॰॰आम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम

हश॰॰शश॰॰शश॰॰शश

दम मारो दम॰॰मम्म॰॰मम्मआ॰॰आ
मिट जाएँ ग़म॰॰मम्म॰॰मम्मआ॰॰आ
बोलो सुबह शा॰॰आम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम

चाहे जिएंगे मरेंगे
हम ना किसी से डरेंगे
हमको ना रोके ज़माना
जो चाहेंगे हम करेंगे

आ॰॰ आ॰॰ आ॰॰ आ॰॰

दम मारो दम॰॰मम्म॰॰मम्मआ॰॰आ
मिट जाएँ ग़म॰॰मम्म॰॰मम्मआ॰॰आ
बोलो सुबह शा॰॰आम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम
हरे कृष्ण हरे राम


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3819 Post No. : 14817

Today’s song is from film ‘Ek Shola’ (1958). It is sung by Asha Bhosle and Geeta Dutt. The lyricist was Majrooh Sultanpuri and the music director was Madan Mohan. The film was produced by Deep and Pradeep Productions –  a joint venture of Deep Khosla and Pradeep Kumar. The film was directed by Chander Sehgal. Not much is known about Chander Sehgal, except that he directed only 2 films – ‘Ek Shola’ and ‘Mitti Mein Sona’ (1960). He died on 29-5-1960. The cast of the film is Pradeep Kumar, Mala Sinha, Jawahar Kaul, Leela Mishra, Nazir Hussain, Shubha Khote etc.

In Hindi films, there have been three actors who were very handsome and very lucky but zero in acting – Karan Dewan, Pradeep Kumar and Bharat Bhushan. They all appeared in leading roles opposite all leading actresses of their times. They had the best films, best songs and best roles. Karan Dewan had about 25 Silver Jubilees to his credit and was considered a lucky star. Bharat Bhushan had the most musical films to his credit like ‘Baiju Bawra’ (1952), ‘Shabaab’ (1954) and ‘Mirza Ghalib’ (1954) etc. Pradeep Kumar had ‘Anarkali’ (1953) and ‘Taj Mahal’ (1963).

All three had their brothers producing films for them. Gemini Dewan made films for Karan Dewan, R. Chandra made films for Bharat Bhushan and Kalidas for Pradeep Kumar. Unfortunately, in later years, all three lost everything and died in poverty and neglectful anonymity. Karan Dewan was a manager with BR Chopra’s production company. When he died no one came for his funeral except for Chandrashekhar and Manmohan Krishan from the Cine Artist’s Association. Bharat Bhushan even worked as a watchman in a film studio, in his last days. He too died unsung and only the men from the Association were present at the cremation.

Pradeep Kumar’s case is the saddest. He lay seriously ill in the ICU of a Calcutta nursing home, abandoned by his relatives. The hospital was not discharging him, unless the bills were paid. Luckily one Mr. Pradeep Kondaliya, an estate agent, recognised him, despite his grown beard. He paid the huge outstanding bill of the hospital and took Pradeep Kumar to his home, where he passed away after a few days. He was cremated by his fan. Such is the film industry – cruel and ruthless, where the recognition lasts only till one is successful, and even close relatives desert you in bad times.

Pradeep Kumar aka Sital Batabyal was born on 4 January 1925. When he was 17 years old, he started as assistant cameraman. Later he decided to take up acting. He started his film career in Bengali films. His notable roles in Bengali films were in ‘Alaknanda‘ (1947), directed by renowned filmmaker Debaki Bose, and in ’42 (1951). It was Debki Bose, who gave him the filmy name Pradeep Kumar.

Pradeep Kumar  then shifted to Bombay and Filmistan studios, and had an important role in the film ‘Anand Math (1952). He played the lead role with Bina Rai in ‘Anarkali’ (1953) and with Vyjayanthimala in ‘Nagin’ (1954). Both films were very popular and had songs that added to the movies’ success. He had a spate of releases in the second half of the 1950s. He did not enjoy as much success in the 1960s, though ‘Ghoonghat’ (1960), ‘Aarti’ (1962) & ‘Taj Mahal’ (1963) were successful. He worked with Meena Kumari in seven films; ‘Adil-E-Jahangir’, ‘Bandhan’ (1956), ‘Chitralekha’, ‘Bahu Begum’, ‘Bheegi Raat’, ‘Aarti’ and ‘Noorjehan’; and with Mala Sinha in eight films; ‘Naya Zamana’, ‘Hamlet’, ‘Baadshah’, ‘Detective’ (1958 movie), ‘Fashion’ (1959 film), ‘Ek Shola’, ‘Duniya Na Maane’, and ‘Mitti Mein Sona’.

He did not get to act in lead roles with the newer heroines of the 1960s such as Sadhana, Saira Banu, Babita or Sharmila Tagore, though he did work with Asha Parekh in ‘Ghoonghat’ and ‘Meri Surat Teri Aankhen and with Waheeda Rehman in ‘Raakhi (1963). In 1969, he moved to character roles with ‘Sambandh’ and ‘Mehboob Ki Mehndi’, but did not have many visible roles till ‘Jaanwar’ and ‘Razia Sultan’ in 1983.

He won the Kalakar Award-Lifetime Achievement Award (1999).

Pradeep Kumar died in Calcutta on 27 October 2001, at the age of 76. He is survived by his daughters Reena, Meena and Beena Banerjee who plays character roles in movies and TV serials including ‘Uttaran’, son Debiprasad and granddaughters Tanisha, Suparna, Riya and Hrishita. Beena Banerjee’s son Siddharth Banerjee worked as assistant director in Sajid Khan’s ‘Housefull 2’ (2012) and ‘Himmatwala’ (2013).

Mala Sinha was an educated, hard working actress. Though she worked with leading banners and was heroine to well known heroes, she was never counted among the class I heroines of her times. She worked with many newcomers, like Dharmendra etc. Her career spanned a long time but she never got a single Filmfare Award, though nominated 4 times.

Mala Sinha was born in a Bengali Nepalese Christian family in Calcutta, on 11-11-1936. Mala Sinha claimed herself a Bengali descent Nepali many years ago in a TV interview Her parents named her Alda. Her friends at school used to tease her by calling her Dalda (a brand of vegetable oil), so she changed her name to Mala. In her childhood she learnt dancing and singing. Although she was an approved singer of All India Radio, she has never done playback singing in films. But as a singer she has done stage shows in many languages from 1947 to 1975.

Mala started her career as child artist in Bengali films ‘Jai Vaishno Devi’ followed by ‘Shri Krishan Leela’, ‘Jog Biyog’ and ‘Dhooli’. Noted Bengali director Ardhendu Bose saw her acting in a school play and took permission from her father to cast her as a heroine in his film ‘Roshanara’ (1952) – Bangla film, her cinematic debut.

After acting in a couple of films in Calcutta, Mala had to go to Bombay for a Bengali film. There she met Geeta Bali, a noted Bollywood actress, who was charmed by her and introduced her to film director Kidar Sharma. It was Sharma who cast her as a heroine in his ‘Rangeen Ratein‘ (1956). Her first Hindi film was ‘Baadshah’ (1954) opposite Pradeep Kumar. Then came ‘Ekadashi’ (1955), a mythological film. Both failed, but her lead role in Kishore Sahu’s ‘Hamlet’ (1954), paired opposite Pradeep Kumar, fetched her rave reviews in spite of it failing at the box office. Films like ‘Lai Batti’ (ac­tor Balraj Sahni’s only directorial venture), ‘Nausherwan-E-Adil’ where she starred as the fair maiden Marcia in Sohrab Modi’s romance about forbidden love and ‘Phir Subah Hogi’, which was direc­tor Ramesh Saigal’s adapta­tion of Dosteovsky’s novel Crime and Punishment, established Mala Sinha’s reputation as a versatile actress who took the maximum career risks by accepting unconventional roles.

Mala was a singer of some repute and used to sing for All India Radio; she was not allowed to sing playback (even for herself) in the movies with the lone exception being 1972’s ‘Lalkar’. In the 1950s, she had string of hits opposite Pradeep Kumar like ‘Fashion’ (1957), ‘Detective’ (1958), ‘Duniya Na Maane’ (1959) though their first two ventures had failed. The films she did with Pradeep Kumar were men-oriented. In 1957, noted Bollywood actor and film director Guru Dutt (the husband of Geeta Dutt) cast Mala in his film ‘Pyaasa‘ (1957) in a role originally intended for Madhubala. Mala gave a memorable performance as the relatively unsympa­thetic part of an ambitious woman who chooses to marry a rich man (played by actor Rehman) and have a loveless marriage rather than a poor, unsuccessful poet and her impoverished lover (played by Guru Dutt) whom she ditches. ‘Pyaasa‘ remains to this day a classic in the history of Indian cinema and a turning point for Mala Sinha.

After ‘Pyaasa’ her major success were ‘Phir Subah Hogi’ (1958) and Yash Chopra’s directorial debut ‘Dhool Ka Phool’ (1959) that elevated her into a major dramatic star. There was no looking back for Sinha then as she was part of many successful movies from 1958 to the early ’60s like ‘Parvarish’ (1958), ‘Ujaala’,’ Main Nashe Main Hoon’, ‘Duniya Na Maane’, ‘Love Marriage’ (1959), ‘Bewaqoof’ (1960), ‘Maya’ (1961), ‘Hariyali Aur Rasta’ and ‘Dil Tera Deewana’ (1962), ‘Anpadh’, ‘Bombay Ka Chor’ (1962). Critics believe her career best performance was in ‘Bahurani’ (1963), ‘Gumrah’, ‘Gehra Daag’, ‘Apne Huye Paraaye’ and ‘Jahan Ara’. Apart from pairing with Pradeep Kumar, her pairing opposite Raaj Kumar, Rajendra Kumar, Biswajit and Manoj Kumar in woman-oriented films were appreciated by audiences, with her films opposite Biswajit being the most popular.  She did 10 films with Biswajit. In 2007, they won the Star Screen Lifetime Achievement Award, calling them on stage together giving due respect to their popularity as a pair who have tasted box office success.

The most remarkable feature of career of Mala Sinha was that most of her 1960s and 1970s hits were fueled by her own star power as much as the heroes and most of the times her role was more powerful than the hero. Though she was pitted opposite her seniors like Raj Kapoor, Dev Anand, Kishore Kumar, Pradeep Kumar and when she acted opposite the emerging stars from late 1950s like Shammi Kapoor, Rajendra Kumar and Raaj Kumar, she made sure her role was as good as theirs.

In 1966, Sinha went to Nepal to act in a Nepali film called ‘Maitighar when the Nepali film industry was still in its infancy. This was the only Nepali film she did in her career. Her hero in the film was an estate owner called Chidambar Prasad Lohani. Soon after, Mala Sinha married CP Lohani with the blessings of her parents. From the beginning theirs was a long-distance marriage with Lohani based in Kathmandu to look after his business and Sinha living in Bombay with their daughter Pratibha. She continued acting after her marriage.

From 1974, she cut down on her assignments as the lead actresses. She accepted strong character roles in films like ’36 Ghante (1974), ‘Zindagi‘ (1976), ‘Karmayogi (1978), ‘Be-Reham’ (1980), ‘Harjaee’ (1981), ‘Yeh Rishta Na Tootay’, ‘Babu’ (film) and ‘Khel’, which were popular.

In the early ’90s Madhuri Dixit was promoted as new Mala Sinha in magazines. But, after 1994, she completely withdrew from industry and has given very few public appearances. In ‘Dhool Ka Phool’ and BR Chopra’s ‘Gumrah’, she played the first unwed mother and adulterous wife respectively in Hindi cinema. As she grew older, she gracefully moved on to doing character roles that befitted her age. She was last seen in ‘Zid’ (1994). Though Mala Sinha evinced as much interest in her daughter Pratibha’s career as her father did in her career, she was unable to achieve the same success for her daughter. (Adapted from wiki).

Mala Sinha came from Calcutta to make a career in Bombay films. In Calcutta she worked in a Bilingual film ‘Chitrangada’ (1954) in Bangla and Hindi. In 1954 again, she did her first film in Bombay, ‘Baadshah’ (1954), then came ‘Hamlet’ (1954), ‘Riyaasat’ (1955) and ‘Ekadashi’ (1955).

In all her interviews, Mala Sinha always quoted ‘Rangeen Raten’ (1956) with Shammi Kapoor as her first film in Bombay. She was ashamed of revealing that in film ‘Riyaasat’ (1955), her Hero was Mahipal and in film ‘Ekadashi’ it was Trilok Kapoor. She always hid this fact. There are many heroines who want to hide their struggling days. For example, in film ‘Professor’ (1962) Shammi Kapoor’s heroine was Kalpana. Though touted as her first film, her first film was ‘Pyar Ki Jeet-62’, opposite Mahipal – a fact which Kalpana always hid from everyone.

Similarly, A grade heroine Meena Kumari also had done several mythological and costume films before ‘Baiju Bawra’ took her high up and above other heroines. Films like ‘Veer Ghatotkach’ (1949), ‘Shri Ganesh Mahima’ (1950), ‘Laxmi Narayan’ (1951), ‘Hanuman Paataal Vijay’ (1951) and ‘Alladin aur Jadui Chirag’ (1953) had Mahipal as her Hero. In her later years, she always hid her earlier film Heroes.

Even comedian Johnny walker, who is supposed to have made a beginning with ‘Baazi’ (1951), had earlier worked in ‘The Last Message’ or ‘Aakhri Paigham’ (1949). However this fact is not told by anyone.

Not only actors, but even singers do this. They hesitate to tell that the first sang for C grade films. Take the case of Sudha Malhotra, who used to declare ‘Arzoo’ (1950) as her first film, under Anil Biswas. But she never told that earlier she had sung 3 songs in film ‘Aakhri Paigham’ (1949), under the baton of Abid Hussein Khan, composer.

It is very unfortunate that once the artiste becomes famous, he tends to forget his humble beginning with less known film or a composer. This is because they are ashamed of it. I feel the blame also goes to people who take their interview, because the interview takers do not do proper homework. Many times they do not know anything and simply note down whatever is told by the artiste.

There were 8 songs in the film ‘Ek Shola’. 3 songs are already discussed. This is the 4th song. It is a long song, recorded on one side each of 78 rpm record nos. N-52832 and 52833). We present here the full song covering both sides.

 


Song – Chanda Se Bhi Pyaara Hai, Akhion Ka Taara Hai  (Ek Shola) (1958) Singer – Asha Bhosle, Geeta Dutt, Lyrics – Majrooh Sultanpuri, Music – Madan Mohan

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

mmmm mmmmm mmmm
mmm mmm mmm mmm mmm mmmmmmm

chanda se bhi pyaara hai
akhion ka taara hai
dil ka sahaara mera laadla
chanda se bhi pyaara hai
akhion ka taara hai
dil ka sahaara mera laadla

ghata ka saaya hai zindagi
idhar se aai udhar chali
rukey na jeevan ki baansuri
haaye.. apni dhun mein gaa

khushi se saagar jal chhalke
pakad chaley dil sambhal ke
kahen tarangen machal ke
zaraa mauj mein lehra haaye..
khushi se saagar jal chhalke
pakad chaley dil sambhal ke
kahen tarangen machal ke
zaraa mauj mein lehra haaye..
ghata ka saaya hai zindagi
idhar se aai udhar chali
rukey na jeevan ki baansuri
haaye.. apni dhun mein gaa

chanda se bhi pyaara hai
akhion ka taara hai
dil ka sahaara mera laadla..aa..aa

jab mera nannha chhaiyan chhaiyan
thummak thummak doley
tuk tuk taakey
jhuk jhuk jhaanke
gudiya ghunghat kholey
jab mera nannha chhaiyan chhaiyan
thummak thummak doley
tuk tuk taakey
jhuk jhuk jhaanke
gudiya ghunghat kholey
ho gudde sa dulaara
akhion ka taara hai
dil ka sahaara mera laadla..aa..aa

ghata ka saaya hai zindagi
idhar se aai udhar chali
rukey na jeevan ki baansuri..ee
apni dhun mein gaa

jo mastion mein jee’e hain
usey na ?? ?? ??
ye raaz tere liye hai magar
tu nahi samjha haaye..
jo mastion mein jee’e hain
usey na ?? ?? ??
ye raaz tere liye hai magar
tu nahi samjha haaye..
ghata ka saaya hai zindagi
idhar se aai udhar chali
rukey na jeevan ki baansuri..ee
apni dhun mein gaa

chanda se bhi pyaara hai
akhion ka taara hai
dil ka sahaara mera laadla..aa..aa
A B C D
aleef bay pay
ka kha ga gha..aa..aa
A B C D
aleef bay pay
aur bhai ka kha ga gha
ab padhne askool chala hai
ye mera shehzaada
ab padhne askool chala hai
ye mera shehzaada
ho parion ne sanwaara hai
akhion ka taara hai
dil ka sahaara mera laadla
aa..aa..aa
chanda se bhi pyaara hai
akhion ka taara hai
dil ka sahaara mera laadla

mmm mmm mmmmmm mmmm
mmm mmm mmmmmm mmmm
aaa aaa aaaa aaa aaa aaa

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-
मम्मम मम्ममम मम्मम
मम्म मम्म मम्म मम्म मम्म मम्म मम्ममममम

चंदा से भी प्यारा है
अखिओं का तारा है
दिल का सहारा मेरा लाड़ला
चंदा से भी प्यारा है
अखिओं का तारा है
दिल का सहारा मेरा लाड़ला

घटा का साया है ज़िंदगी
इधर से आई उधर चली
रुके ना जीवन की बांसुरी
हाए॰॰ अपनी धुन में गा

खुशी से सागर जल छलके
पकड़ चले दिल संभाल के
कहें तरंगें मचल के
ज़रा मौज में लहरा हाए॰॰
खुशी से सागर जल छलके
पकड़ चले दिल संभाल के
कहें तरंगें मचल के
ज़रा मौज में लहरा हाए॰॰
घटा का साया है ज़िंदगी
इधर से आई उधर चली
रुके ना जीवन की बांसुरी
हाए॰॰ अपनी धुन में गा

चंदा से भी प्यारा है
अखिओं का तारा है
दिल का सहारा मेरा लाड़ला॰॰आ॰॰आ

जब मेरा नन्हा छइयाँ छइयाँ
ठुमक ठुमक डोले
टूक टूक ताके
झुक झुक झाँके
गुड़िया घूँघट खोले
जब मेरा नन्हा छइयाँ छइयाँ
ठुमक ठुमक डोले
टूक टूक ताके
झुक झुक झाँके
गुड़िया घूँघट खोले
हो गुड्डे सा दुलारा है
अखिओं का तारा है
दिल का सहारा मेरा लाड़ला॰॰आ॰॰आ

घटा का साया है ज़िंदगी
इधर से आई उधर चली
रुके ना जीवन की बांसुरी
हाए॰॰ अपनी धुन में गा

जो मस्तीओं में जीए हैं
उसे ना ?? ?? ??
ये राज़ तेरे लिए है मगर
तू नहीं समझा हाए॰॰
जो मस्तीओं में जीए हैं
उसे ना ?? ?? ??
ये राज़ तेरे लिए है मगर
तू नहीं समझा हाए॰॰
घटा का साया है ज़िंदगी
इधर से आई उधर चली
रुके ना जीवन की बांसुरी॰॰ई
हाए॰॰ अपनी धुन में गा

चंदा से भी प्यारा है
अखिओं का तारा है
दिल का सहारा मेरा लाड़ला॰॰आ॰॰आ

ए बी सी डी
अलीफ बे पे
क ख ग घ॰॰अ॰॰अ
ए बी सी डी
अलीफ बे पे
और भई क ख ग घ
अब पढ़ने अस्कूल चला है
ये मेरा शहज़ादा
अब पढ़ने अस्कूल चला है
ये मेरा शहज़ादा
ओ परियों ने संवारा है
अखिओं का तारा है
दिल का सहारा मेरा लाड़ला
आ॰॰आ॰॰आ
चंदा से भी प्यारा है
अखिओं का तारा है
दिल का सहारा मेरा लाड़ला

मम्म मम्म मम्मममम मम्मम
मम्म मम्म मम्मममम मम्मम
आ आ आ आ आ आ॰॰आ

 


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3800 Post No. : 14792

Today’s song is from film ‘Mangala’ (1950). This was a film made by Gemini Films of Madras and directed by its boss SS Vasan. The music was given by a team of Balkrishna Kalla, MD Parthasarathy and E Sankar Sastry. The cast of this film was P Bhanumathi, Ranjan, Agha, David, Badri Pershad, BS Kalla etc.

The film was a remake of the hit Tamil film ‘Mangamma Sapatham’ (1943). After the unprecedented foray of Gemini’s Vasan’s hit film ‘Chandralekha’ (1948) into the All India market, Subramaniam Srini Vasan or simply SS Vasan, became aware of the unlimited scope of the Hindi belt market for south-made Hindi films. Vasan was a writer, editor, producer and director, but above all, he was a business tycoon. He had established the popular Tamil magazine “Anand Vikatan”, and owned Gemini Studios, Gemini Laboratories and Gemini distribution circuits.

He soon decided to take advantage of the success of ‘Chandralekha’ and made another tri-lingual film . In Tamil it was called ‘Apoorva Sahodarargal’, in Telugu, it was ‘Apoorva Sahodaralu’, and in Hindi it was called ‘Nishan’ (1949). This film too was a great success. Encouraged by this, SS Vasan made his 1943 Tamil Hit film ‘Mangamma Sapatham’, into a remake in Hindi with the name ‘Mangala’.

Not by coincidence, but by design, the hero for all these 3 remakes and the originals was Ranjan. (This film was remade in Simhalese as ‘Mathalan’ in 1955, and in Telugu as ‘Mangamma Shapatham’ in 1965, featuring NT Ramarao, later the Chief Minister of erstwhile Andhra Pradesh, and Jamuna).

Enthused and inspired with Vasan’s success in the Hindi belt, another giant from the South came forward. AVM’s Tamil film ‘Vazhkai’ (1949) was a big hit in south. AVM made a Telugu version of it with the name ‘Jeevitham’ (1950) followed by a Hindi version ‘Bahaar’ (1951). They introduced Vyjayantimala with this film, in Hindi. The story of the film and the Music by SD Burman made film a big hit in Hindi too. AVM then made Hindi film ‘Ladki’ (1953), with a Tamil and Telugu version. This too became a hit film. However by that time the South market had grown manifolds and there was no need for the south film makers to venture into the Hindi belt to earn money. Thus, there was a slow down in this type of activity. The south now started making Hindi films directly in Madras by calling actors from Bombay. And some films were dubbed too.

Actually, the southern film activity, though as old as Hindi talkie films, is strictly limited to four southern states. It was only the adventurous SS Vasan who ventured into the bastion of Hindi film markets, by promoting his film ‘Chandralekha’. In fact this had encouraged other producers like AVM, Prasad, Vijaya etc. to tap the Hindi belt. While making a multilingual film, the south producers always called the Hindi artistes, be it actors, directors ,composers or singers to come to Madras, but they never went to Bombay. It was only through dubbed or remade films that south actors, composers or actors were exposed to the Hindi arena. Those days anyone from south was a ‘madrasi‘ and likewise anyone from other than south was a North Indian or a Punjabi ! No one from the North bothered to distinguish between Tamil, Telugu, Kannada or Malayalam – films or people. Everything was ‘madrasi‘.

The divide between the north and the south went on widening, which finally resulted in the anti-Hindi agitations of the 60s and 70s in Madras and other southern places. Fortunately, in recent times and with the new generation, thanks to the coalition politics at the centre and states as well as IT centres at Hyderabad and Bangalore, the North-South exchange is much better and each state is identified individually. Thanks also to writers like Chetan Bhagat’s novels. Thanks to Modernization.

In the early times of the film industry, very few educated people used to join here. That is why graduates or postgraduates used to flaunt their degrees with pride – like Moti, BA – the lyricist (though he was actually MA), or Kavi Pradeep’s pseudo name – Miss Kamal BA or even singer Surendra as BA, LLB etc.

A highly qualified person and that too in an unrelated subject joining films was a wonder then. Thus, a young man with an unlikely name for a hero, like RAMNARAYAN VENKATRAMAN SARMA alias actor RANJAN was a novelty. Ranjan was born in Madras on 2-3-1918 in an orthodox Brahmin family. He did his BA with Physics and then completed M Litt in Carnatak music and dance, and became a Research Fellow for Ph.D. He also became the managing editor of ‘NATYAM‘ a magazine for dance, drama and music. In total contrast to his expertise in fine arts, he learnt fencing (sword fighting) after he saw it in the Olympic Games.

He was spotted by a Tamil producer and he made his debut in the film ‘Ashok Kumar’ (1941). After a few films in Tamil and Telugu he got the role of Shashank in the magnum opus film ‘Chandralekha’ in 1948. The drum dance and his fencing were the two main attractions in the film. The final sword fighting is considered the longest ever fencing fight in films till today ! The film was a hit and Ranjan became type cast in action films. Ranjan was a very poor actor, but his fencing skills were marvelous.

In 1949 came ‘Nishaan’, based on the Hollywood film ‘The Corsican Brothers’ – one good and one bad. It was a story of twins. The audience liked a scene from the film which showed that there were marks on one brother’s back if the other one was whipped ! The film, in Hindi, Tamil and Telugu, was a hit everywhere mainly for its fencing scenes. In ‘Mangala’ opposite Bhanumati, he was the villain and the hero too.

He was invited by New York University for a research fellowship, but Vasan did not leave him, so after ‘Mangala’, as soon as the contract was over, Ranjan came to Bombay.

‘Shin Shinaki Boobla Boo’ (1952) saw him with Rehana but as a romantic hero, he was worse than Bharat Bhushan or Pradeep Kumar ! He acted in ‘Sindbad The Sailor’ (1952),  ‘Nishan Danka’ (1952), ‘Kafila’ (1952), ‘Baaghi’ (1953), ‘Shahenshah’ (1953), ‘Baap Beti’ (1954), ‘Baghdad’ (1961), and a host of B and C grade films, many of them dubbed or remakes of southern films. He was known for only fencing. But he never became famous like Stewart Granger in ‘Scaramouche’ for his fencing. In the 1950s he acted in 23 films, in 1960s he did 18 films and in 1970s his tally was 17 films. A total of 58 films in Hindi.

After sword fighting became obsolete he shifted to writing. The story of film ‘Munim ji’ (1955) was written by him. After few years in south he was seen again in ‘Chor Chor’ (1974) and ‘Chaitali’ (1976). ‘Ram Balram’ (1980) was his last film.

He married a Muslim girl and she converted to Hinduism taking the name of Laxmi. Ranjan wrote 12 books on dancing and music. He shifted to USA to live with his son in New Jersey. He passed away 12-9-1983, due to a heart attack. He was so much forgotten that even the news of his death was not published in India.

The composers of ‘Mangala’ was a team of D Parthsarthi, Balkrishna Kalla and E Shanker. This team also gave music to few other films like ‘Sansaar’ (1951), ‘Mr Sampat’ (1952), ‘Bahut Din Huye’ (1954). Balkrishna Kalla with Mohd Shafi gave music to ‘Krishna Kanhaiya’ (1952). Independently he gave music to only one film – ‘Do Dulhe’ (1954). The southern composers gave music only to dubbed films or remakes.

In the original version of ‘Mangala’, which was ‘Mangamma Shapatham’ (1943), the heroine was Vasundhara Devi – mother of Vaijayantimala. In Hindi film ‘Mangala’, the heroine was P Bhanumathi, but the hero was same – Ranjan. There were some Hindi actors like Agha, David and Badriprasad. The composer of today’s song, Balkrishna Kalla also did a small role in this film. When Shamshad Begum sang songs for ‘Chandralekha’, her songs were recorded in Bombay, but for ‘Mangala’, Shamshad went to Madras first time and sang 9 songs out of its 15 songs. In this film the songs and dances of Carmen Miranda were freely copied in the Tamil, Telugu and Hindi versions.

The late 1940’s was marked in Bollywood with the remake of several super hit movies from south, especially from Tamil. The 1950 hit ‘Mangala’, produced by Gemini Pictures, was one such movie which was originally made in Tamil. SS Vasan was the director of the Hindi version. The newspaper, The Hindu, in its issue of 3-2-2013 has said this, about film ‘Mangala’,

Bhanumathi Ramakrishna was so bowled over by the performance of Vasundhara Devi (mother of yesteryear heroine Vyjayanthimala Bali) in Gemini’s blockbuster 1943 Tamil hit, Mangamma Sabadham , that she wished, if at all the film were to be remade in Telugu, she would act in it. In fact, the Tamil movie was released by Gemini supremo S.S. Vasan at a few centres in Andhra also and was well received there too. A few years later, Vasan decided to remake the movie in Telugu and Hindi under the title Mangala . Impressed by Bhanumathi’s performance in the Tamil film, Rajamukthi , he decided to sign her and approached her husband, Ramakrishna Rao. It was an opportunity she was waiting for and Bhanumathi immediately accepted the offer. She was paid a remuneration of Rs. 1 lakh for both the versions. Ranjan, who did the hero’s role in Mangamma Sabadham , was retained to play the lead role in both Telugu and Hindi versions. Popular editor of the time, Chandru (who had done commendable work as editor for Gemini’s earlier trilingual, Apoorva Sahodarulu) was entrusted with the job of directing the Telugu movie.

Based on a popular folklore, an engrossing narrative was weaved by Gemini’s story department. Mangala (Bhanumathi), the charming daughter of a rich farmer, is very haughty by temperament. When Prince Sugunapal (Ranjan) fails to win her love, he throws a challenge that he would marry her and then imprison her for life, denying her the marital bliss. She counter-challenges him that she would bear a child from him and make the child whip him in his court.

The prince marries her and puts her in a lonely palace. She makes her father (Doraiswamy) dig a tunnel from the palace to her village, sneaks through it to her house and learns dance. Disguised as a gypsy, she entices the Prince, secretly gives birth to a child, and when he grows up (Ranjan – dual role) gets her vow fulfilled through him. Realisation dawns on the Prince and the tale ends on a happy note.

All through it is Mangala’s show and Bhanumathi essayed it brilliantly. If Vasundhara Devi was admired for her nice dances in the Tamil version, Bhanumathi scored through her acting prowess. Ranjan made his presence felt in dual role.

The songs and dance sequences were all hits of that time. Music was composed by Partha Sarathi, Kalla and E Sankar Sastri. Two songs from this film were inspired by the famous Brazilian dancer Carmen Miranda’s classics. The song “Ma Ma Ma Ma Ma Mummy” was based on Carmen Miranda’s “Mama Yo Quiero” and “Ayyi Ayyi Ayyi Ayyi Mari Main To Laaj Se” (today’s song) in which Bhanumathi is dressed like Carmen, was based on “I Yi Yi Yi Yi — I Like You Very Much”  from the film “That Night in Rio ” (1941), sung by Carmen Miranda herself.

Enjoy the dance and song video….

 


Song – Ayyi Ayyi Ayyi Ayyi Mari Main To Laaj Se  (Mangala) (1950) Singer – P Bhanumati, Lyrics – Pt Indra, Music – MD Parthasarthy, BK Kalla, E Shankar Shastri

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

ta na na naa raa nanna
ta na na naa raa nanna
taa naa naanaa
ch ch ch ch..ch

ta na na naa raa nanna
ta na na naa raa nanna
taa naa naanaa
ch ch ch ch..ch

ta na na naa raa nanna
ta na na naa raa nanna
taa naa naanaa
ch ch ch ch..ch

ta na na naa raa nanna
ta na na naa raa nanna
taa naa naanaa. . .
ta na na na ra naa naa. . .
ta na na na na naa. . .
ta na na na ra naa naa. . .
ta na na na na naa. . .
ta na na na na naa
ta na na na na naa

taa na na naa raa nanna
naa raa nanna
naa raa nannaa
ta na na na na naa. . .
ch ch ch ch..ch

taa na na naa raa nanna
taa na na naa raa nanna
taa raa nanna
ta na na naa raa nanna
ta na na na na naa. . .
taa naa naa naa. . .

ayyi ayyi ayyi ayyi mari main to laaj se
sainyyaan dekhe mohey pyaar se
aayi aayi raja torey paas re
piya se milan ki aas re
ayyi ayyi ayyi yaa. . .
ahaa haa haa haa. . .
ayyi ayyi ayyi yaa. . .
ahaa haa haa haa. . .
ahaa haa haa haa. . .

kaun jaane kaisa jaadu daal ke
chheen liya dil mora haaye
khili khili khili rahe chaandni
chanda sa ye much muskaaye
chhoti si raat
chhoti si baat
dil ki pukaar
sumba limbaa. . .
suno suno pyaare morey saajna
baaje morey dil ka sitar
gori gori chhori main to baalma
puchho reejho reejho hai kyon nikhar
ayyi ayyi ayyi yaa. . .
ahaa haa haa haa. . .
ayyi ayyi ayyi yaa. . .
ahaa haa haa haa. . .
ahaa haa haa haa. . .

meri chaal nihaar
kaisi thummakdaar
meri kamar nihaar
kaisi lachakdaar
mere nain nihaar
jaise tez kataar
meri nath nihaar
kaisi hai chammakdaar
ye bahaar
ye nikhaar
tum shikaar
main shikaar
phadak phadak
thadak thadak

ayyi ayyi ayyi ayyi mari main to laaj se
haaye ri main to laajon mari
hanh hanh
ayyi ayyi ayyi ayyi mari main to laaj se
saayyaa ji jee
du du de de dor
ka ka ki ki ku ku ke ke kaye kekor
piya se milan ki aas re
chhoti si raat
chhoti si baat
dil ki pukaar
sumba limbaa. . . aa. . .

suno suno pyaare morey saajna
cha cha chu chu chu chu chaye chechor
ka ka ki ki ku ku ke ke kaye kekor
ta tta ta ti tu tu tuteyi tetor
ayyi ayyi ayyi yaa. . .
ahaa haa haa haa. . .
ayyi ayyi ayyi yaa. . .
ahaa haa haa haa. . .
ayyi ayyi ayyi yayyi yayyi yaa. . .

ta na na naa raa nanna
ta na na naa raa nanna
taa naa naanaa

ta na na naa raa nanna
ta na na naa raa nanna
taa naa naanaa

ta ra ra na na naa naa. . .
ta ra ra na na naa. . .
ta ra ra na na naa naa. . .
ta na na naa raa naa
ta na na naa raa naa

ta na na naa raa nanna naa raa nanna naa raa nanna
taa naa naa naa raa. . .
ta na na naa raa nanna
ta na naa raa nanna
ta na na na naa. . .
ta. . na. . na. . naa. . .

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3792 Post No. : 14776

I was very fond of seeing movies and listening to the songs since childhood.Those days,children were not allowed to see films,unlike today. If at all a film is to be seen,the children had to go with their mother,aunt, grandmother or some such female relative and the film would invariably be something like Ram Ravan Yudh or Bakasur ki Maut.

Hyderabad state,where I spent my early years was ruled by a Muslim king-The Nizam(Ala Hazarat).There were some social customs,like Burkha,which reflected in the social lives of the citizen.

For example, in almost every theatre,there used to be a special class-“Zanana Class”.It was made out of the half of the Balcony class with a wall partition between them.The frontal portion facing the screen had a thick curtain,which was removed after the film started and covered again after the film ended,thus protecting the women spectators from the prying eyes of the public.

Same procedure was for Interval period also.Only women and small children were allowed in this subsidised class.A special ‘Curtain Mover’ used to be the in charge of this and the Zanana Class.

Usually a She -Male or a He -Female (don’t know which) was appointed for women’s safety.This type of arrangement was also available in other Muslim states like,Junagarh,Bhawalpur,Lucknow,Bhopal etc.Women used to make lot of noise and at times there were big quarrels,when the films were stopped,curtain moved, peace restored and the films were restarted.

I was lucky to start seeing films independently from the end of 40s. Usually,it was from the school directly. Every Friday to Sunday,there used to be a Morning show from 11 am. In this,the tickets were almost half rates, like 4 annas, 6 annas, 12 annas etc. Thus I was able to see many films of 30s and 40s, till about 1955-56 or so.

Once I went to college, then took up the job and other priorities of life,I saw less films,but never missing an opportunity to see older films and making notes. From 1980 onwards, I stopped seeing films, and when I retired in 1998, I dug out my old collections. I have not visited a theatre after 1980 and yet to see how a Multiplex looks like. I saw few films on TV and players.

In the initial era of Talkie films, Calcutta’s New Theatres and Poona’s Prabhat were the most well known film makers. They used to make films on social issues. Particularly, Prabhat was famous for keeping their films centred on the Reform themes like,Dowry, Child Marriage, Second Marriage, Cast difference etc.From the mid 30s one more company came into limelight and that was Bombay Talkies- founded by Himanshu Rai and Devika Rani. They also followed the trend and films on social issues like Untouchability, illiteracy etc were made. Today’s song is from a film made by Bombay Talkies- Jeewan Prabhat-37.

This was also a film dealing with Caste differences and second marriage. In this film,however, it was shown that the Caste difference stayed and the proposed second marriage got cancelled. I would say, it was quite a realistic depiction of the Indian mindset, because even after hundreds of years, the caste differences exist today, while the other social ills like child marriage, dowry, illiteracy etc are controlled to a greater extent. It would not be wrong to say that as long as the Reservation Policies exist, caste differences will continue to exist-with official support !

Film Jeewan Prabhat-37 was directed by the German Director Franz Osten. The Music Director was Saraswati Devi and lyrics and dialogues were by J.S.Casshyap. The screen play was by Niranjan Pal- Himanshu Rai’s friend since their London days. Kishor Sahu and Renuka Devi made their Debut in this film. Others in the cast were Mumtaz Ali,Prithwiraj kapoor, Maya Devi and M.Nazeer etc etc. The film was released on 2-11-1937 at Minerva Talkies in Bombay. Baburao Patel of Film India, in its December 1937 issue had not much good about this film. He, in fact, criticised both the Debutantes, for their acting calling them as ‘ disappointments ‘. However, the film did good business and ran for 17 weeks in Bombay.

Unlike Prabhat or New Theatres, Bombay Talkies produced their films in quick time. This film-Jeewan prabhat- was made in just 2 months. Their most popular film Achhut kanya-36 was made in 6 months. This was possible due to self sufficient facilities, good planning, modern equipment and total involvement of the staff. Franz Osten’s speed and his planning was such that in the span of just 4 years, Franz directed 16 films for Bombay Talkies !

The Debut making actress Renuka Devi was one of a kind. I am not only surprised,but awed and terribly impressed,when I went through her Autobiography ” A woman of substance-Begum Khursheed Mirza “.

Begum Khursheed Mirza is none other than the famous Heroine of the 30s and 40s-Renuka Devi ( 4-3-1918 to 8-2-1989 ). She was perhaps one of the most educated, upper class, sophisticated and highly cultured Muslim lady, who ever joined the film industry then. One more striking feature of Renuka Devi was that she was one of the very few actresses,who joined the films after their marriage. The other such examples I remember offhand is that of Meenakshi Shirodkar (Bramhachari-38 fame), Shobhana Samarth and actress Neena ( real name Shahida-wife of Mohsin Abdulla, brother of Renuka Devi and later wife of W.Z.Ahmed) in those times.

Renuka Devi had studied upto Masters degree in English Literature,from Aligarh Muslim University. The only other nearest example I remember offhand is that of actress Vanmala (real name Susheela Devi Pawar), who had done B.A and B.T. and was a Teacher in the college before joining films,at the behest of writer,journalist and Director P.K.Atre.

The story of Renuka Devi is quite interesting. Khursheed Jehan was born in Aligarh on 4-3-1918, to Shaikh Abdulla and his wife Waheed Jehan Beg. She was the 6th of the 7 siblings. Her father Shaikh Abdulla (1874-1965) was originally a Hindu. He was the son of a rich Jahagirdar and Landlord from Poonch,Kashmir. They were Kashmiri Brahmins. His name was Thakur Das. He embraced Islam in 1890, while studying in Aligarh. When his family learnt about it, he was disowned by them. He took the name Shaikh Abdulla.

He became a leading Advocate of Aligarh. After he married Waheed Jehan Beg,they both- being of progressive thinking- decided to work for the Muslim women’s education. They faced lot of resistance from the fundamentalists,but they established a Muslim women’s college in Aligarh. To provide students for this college,a school was also started for Muslim girls. soon the girls started joining the school and college. Shaikh Abdulla ensured that all his children were educated. One daughter became a Doctor,another Advocate and two daughters did master’s degrees and later on became Principals of the women’s college. Khursheed also studied upto masters but due to her marriage could not complete it. ( she completed her Masters in English Litterateur in 1963,at the age of 45 years,later).
Khursheed Jehan was married to Akbar Mirza,a Police Officer in Aligarh. Soon she gave birth to 2 sons also.

Her brother Mohsin Abdulla was working in Bombay Talkies,at Bombay. He used to describe how professional these studios were. Khursheed was 21 year old and beautiful. She desired to work in films. She wrote a letter to Devika Rani expressing her desire. This she did, without informing her husband. She received a letter from Devika Rani, inviting her to Bombay for an interview. Now she confided in her husband and he wholeheartedly supported her.

Thus started her acting career. She was 21 years,married and had 2 children too. Her first film was ‘ Jeewan Prabhat”-37. She was given the name RENUKA DEVI. This was a Debut film for Kishore Sahu. Bombay Talkies bosses were very happy with her performance and she was offered a Heroine’s role opposite Jairaj in film ” Bhabhi”-1939. Jairaj was also from a rich background,cultured and highly educated. Their tuning was excellent and the film was a grand success. Renuka also sang few songs in Bhabhi-39. ( when the news of her acting in films reached Aligarh,there was a hue and cry. Her mother wrote to Renuka,’not to visit Aligarh for now’. Renuka did not go to Aligarh for next 2 years).

She was invited to Calcutta By New Theatres to act in film, Badi Didi-39. Her other films were Naya Sansar-41 (Ashok kumar), Sahara-43 (S D Narang), Ghulami-45 ( Masood Parvez) and Samrat Chandragupta-45 ( Ishwarlal ). her film career was very short. She announced her retirement from films in February 1944,while shooting for her last films. She did only 7 films and sang only 3 songs in 3 films.

After partition,her family migrated to Pakistan. In Pakistan,though in demand,she refused to do any films. Instead,she decided to devote her time for women’s uplift,education,welfare and social work. She also did some work on Pakistan Radio.

When TV came to Pakistan,she became very active and for next 15-20 years she was a popular figure on Pak TV. In 1963,she completed her Master’s degree,at the age of 45 years. From August 1982 to April 1983,she published 9 instalments of her autobiography in the popular magazine ” Herald ” as ” The uprooted sapling”. This was,later on,edited and published as a Book, ” A woman of substance- the memoirs of Begum Khursheed Mirza “, by her daughter Lubna,in 2004. Renuka Devi died on 8-2-1989 at Lahore after a prolonged illness.

In her book she included a chapter of 24 pages ” Renuka Devi-my celluloid identity”,in which she has described many interesting anecdotes. her detailed description of the times of the 30s and 40s is a lovely chronicle of history of Bombay film industry. here are some excerpts from her book, for you…

1) Back in the Thirties, acting in films was not considered an honourable profession for anybody. And for a married woman from a well-educated and respectable upper-middle class Muslim family, it was forbidden to even think about it. But Khurshid Mirza, the daughter of the founders of the Aligarh Women’s College, the wife of a police officer and already a mother of two, was too free-spirited to be tied down by any social norm. I took the plunge and soon a star named Renuka Devi was born.

2) In 1939, Shanta Apte wrote that she received four or five letters each day from young girls wanting to join the movies “due perhaps to this monetary attraction”. Actresses themselves acknowledged in interviews that the money was substantial and more than one actress claimed that her salary rivalled that of the Governor of Bombay! But aside from several myth-building exercises, it is now apparent that film acting was a uniquely high-paying profession for women. According to Filmindia, Shobhana Samarth’s approximate total income in 1942 was Rs 36,000 while Sardar Akhtar, Naseem Banu, and Madhuri earned about Rs 30,000 each. These figures indicate that leading heroines of the day averaged an income of Rs 3,000-4,000 per month (some actresses were freelancers and did not work through the year), at a time when a French chiffon sari cost Rs 9, and a brand new imported Studebaker cost Rs 6,000. It is hardly surprising then, that I would want to make “a little dough”.

3) Akbar stood by me in the face of stiff opposition from both our families. Nevertheless, he maintained a strange attitude towards my work. He enjoyed the benefits the money brought us, such as a new car, expensive game-hunts, and pleasure trips to fashionable Mussoorie in summer and excellent schooling for our children. And, yet, he treated my work as a hobby, instead of giving it its due importance.

( My thanks to the book,”A woman of substance “, some information from ” Free Library”,Cineplot and my own notes).

One more name Maya Devi may be new to readers. Maya Devi was from Bombay and started her career from silent films in 1928 with Anarkali by imperial. Her first Talkie film was Kunwari ya widhva-35. Her real name was Leela. She became a favourite of Bombay Talkies and she did 6 films with them in 37 and 38. In all she did 5 silent films and 31 Talkie films till 1949. She got married with a Muslim and then migrated to Pakistan, where she did 19 films and then retired in 1964. She died in Lahore on 1-2-67. She did films in Gujarati and Punjabi also.( info from pakfilms.com).

The story of film Jeewan Prabhat-37 was……..

In this film Uma (Devika Rani) is born in a high caste Brahmin family,but falls in love with a boy of Kumhar caste(Potters).Her love with Ramu (Kishore Sahu) leads them nowhere as there is a great opposition to this from all sides. They realise that their love will lead them nowhere. Finally Uma is married off to Nandlal (Prithviraj kapoor), a Brahmin boy and Ramu accepts the reality.

The marriage makes the potters very happy too. Later it is rumoured that Nandlal is about to marry Padma (Chandraprabha),because Uma is a ‘ baanjh’ (infertile). Ramu meets Uma and their meeting is seen by Nandlal. He sends Uma back to her parents. Few days later, Uma discovers that she is pregnant,but Nandlal doubts her fidelity. At the end Padma, herself understands how much Uma loves Nandlal. She withdraws from the proposed marriage. Not only this,she also convinces Nandlal about Uma’s purity.

Finally, Nandlal and Uma begin a new life a new Jeevan Prabhat.


Song-Paalna mero munwa jhoole (Jeewan Prabhat)(1937) Singer-Saraswati Devi, Unidentified Male Voice, Lyrics-J S Kashyap, MD-Saraswati Devi
Chorus

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

mero lalna jhoole paalna
mero lalna jhoole paalna
mero munna jhoole paalna
mero lalna jhoole paalna
mero munna jhoole paalna

hari gulabi resham ki dor lagi
soney chaandi ki bati ye khoob bani
hari gulabi resham ki dor lagi
soney chaandi ki bati ye khoob bani

faro faro maa ek lagaai
mann mohey bholi chhavi pyaari
faro faro maa ek lagaai
mann mohey bholi chhavi pyaari
maa ke mann mein uthat hilore
maa ke mann mein uthat hilore

jhoola jhoole laalna
jhoola jhoole laalna
mora bituwa jhoole paalna
jhoola jhoole laalna
mora bituwa jhoole paalna

badho bhalo to chhodo jhoola
doley it ut chalo khadula
badho bhalo to chhodo jhoola
doley it ut chalo khadula

baat banaawe bholi bholi
baat banaawe bholi bholi
bhookh lagey par daudo aawe
kahey totli boli
bhookh lagey par daudo aawe
kahey totli boli

maa maa
oti de
maa maa
dudhu de

maa daud uthaave
doodh pilaave
maa daud uthaave
doodh pilaave
laalna
mero munwa jhoole paalna
mero lalna jhoole paalna
mero munna jhoole paalna

?? to ghar mein aawe
maatha  peete daud lagaave
?? to ghar mein aawe
maata ji se to daud lagaave

arey kin ne maara
baa..boo
babua kaun laaya
baa..boo
dudhu kaun pilaaya
ammaa
kaala teeka deta
ammaa

mera pyaara raaj dulaara
amma amma karta pyaara
mera pyaara raaj dulaara
amma amma karta pyaara
laalna
mero munwa jhoole paalna
mero lalna jhoole paalna
mero munna jhoole paalna

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

मेरो ललना झूले पालना
मेरो ललना झूले पालना
मेरो मुन्ना झूले पालना
मेरो ललना झूले पालना
मेरो मुन्ना झूले पालना

हरी गुलाबी रेशम की दो लगी
सोने चांदी की बटी ये खूब बनी
हरी गुलाबी रेशम की दो लगी
सोने चांदी की बटी ये खूब बनी

फड़ो फड़ो माँ एक लगाई
मन मोहे भोली छवि प्यारी
फड़ो फड़ो माँ एक लगाई
मन मोहे भोली छवि प्यारी
माँ के मन में उठत हिलोरे
माँ के मन में उठत हिलोरे

झूला झूले लालना
झूला झूले लालना
मोरा बिटुवा झूले पालना
झूला झूले लालना
मोरा बिटुवा झूले पालना

बढ़ो भलो तो छोड़ो झूला
डोले इत उत चलो खडोला
बढ़ो भलो तो छोड़ो झूला
डोले इत उत चलो खडोला

बात बनावे भोली भोली
बात बनावे भोली भोली
भूख लगे पर दौड़ो आवे
कहे तोतली बोली
भूख लगे पर दौड़ो आवे
कहे तोतली बोली

माँ माँ
ओटी दे
माँ माँ
दुधु दे

माँ दौड़ उठावे
दूध पिलावे
माँ दौड़ उठावे
दूध पिलावे
लालना
मेरो मुनवा झूले पालना
मेरो ललना झूले पालना
मेरो मुन्ना झूले पालना

?? ?? तो घर में आवे
माथा पीटे दौड़ लगावे
?? ?? तो घर में आवे
माथा पीटे दौड़ लगावे

अरे किन ने मारा
बा॰॰बू
बबुआ कौन लाया
बा॰॰बू
दुधु कौन पिलाया
अम्मा
काला टीका देता
अम्मा

मेरा प्यारा राज दुलारा
अम्मा अम्मा करता प्यारा
मेरा प्यारा राज दुलारा
अम्मा अम्मा करता प्यारा
लालना
मेरो मुनवा झूले पालना
मेरो ललना झूले पालना
मेरो मुन्ना झूले पालना


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3783 Post No. : 14764 Movie Count :

4037

Today’s song is from film ‘Holi’ (1940). It is written by DN Madhok and composed by Khemchand Prakash. This duet is sung by Sitara Devi and Kantilal.

When silent films started talking, it became imperative for the film makers to recruit only those artistes who could sing on screen. In this compulsion, most of the times, the composers had to compromise on the singing ability of the artistes, because for the artistes, acting was primary and singing was secondary. Barring the born, natural singers like Noorjehan, KL Saigal, Khursheed, Surendra and few others, the rest of the singers in the film industry were all ‘make do’ types. In the early era, till about the beginning of the 40’s decade, the music directors had a tough time getting songs sung by these so called ‘singers’. May be, that is the reason why we find that many composers also sang when the playback started.

Almost all the heroes and heroines (with the sole exception of Jairaj – who was an ‘Aurangzeb’ in music) willy-nilly sang even after the playback singing had firmly set in. Pure and exclusive singers like Lata, Asha, Geeta, Rafi, Mukesh and Talat started occupying their legitimate place in playback singing in films from the mid 1940s onward. At the same time, slowly and steadily singing by the actors and actresses diminished, and by the dawn of the 1950’s decade, playback singing was rooted firmly. In my opinion, this was also one of the major reasons of ‘Golden Period of Film Music’ blossoming from around 1947-48 onward. Due to the availability of playback singers, actors started acting wholeheartedly and composers got new energy and they concentrated on making good music rather than breaking their heads on teaching the ‘pseudo-singers’ how to sing their songs ! In one of the interviews, Naushad had expressed his relief from getting song sung by non-singers !!

Singers like Ishwarlal, Kantilal, AR Oza, Vatsala Kumthekar etc were part actors and part singers. Thus we find that very rarely any song sung by these part time singers became an evergreen song. I can, however, think of only one song- “Zindagi Ka Saaz Bhi Kya Saaz Hai, Baj Raha Hai Aur Be-awaaz Hai” by Naseem Bano in film ‘Pukar’ (1939). She had sung it well and the composer Meer Sahab too should get some credit for its composition. But such cases are rare. Mohd. Rafi’s case in this connection can be quoted. After the regular playback singers became composers’ first choice, one by one the ‘part time’ singers closed their shops ! See here how Rafi did it.

Mohd. Rafi, no doubt, was a versatile singer. Like Lata, when he came on the scene of playback singing – after considerable hard work and struggle, he replaced the old singers who sang in the films, one by one.

  • Ashok kumar’s singing spree stopped when Rafi sang for him in film ‘Saajan’ (1947).
  • Ishwarlal stopped singing when Rafi sang for him in film ‘Sharbati Aankhen’ (1945).
  • Shahu Modak stopped after ‘Chakradhari’ (1954).
  • WM Khan after ‘Aalam Ara’ (1956).
  • Master Nissar after ‘Boot Polish’ (1954)
  • GM Durrani after ‘Lal Pathar’ (1971)
  • Karan Dewan after ‘Duniya’ (1949).
  • Noor Mohammed Charlie after ‘Zameen Ke Taare’ (1960).
  • Balak Ram after ‘Shri Ram Bharat Milan’ (1965).
  • Moti Sagar after ‘Paak Daman’ (1957).
  • Man Mohan Krishna after ‘Basant Bahar’ (1956).

Mohd. Rafi even sang for some composers who used to sing in films,

  • SN Tripathi – ‘Pawanputra Hanuman’ (1957).
  • Snehal Bhatkar – ‘Baawre Nain’ (1950) (he was doing a beggar’s role in this film)
  • Sudhir Sen – ‘Saat Phere’ (1970).

By the way, Rafi was the only male playback singer who sang with all 3 major singer actresses

  • Noorjehan – ‘Jugnu’ (1947).
  • Khursheed – ‘Aage Badho’ (1947)
  • Suraiya – they have sung together in 13 films

The female singer in today’s song is Sitara Devi (8-11-1920 to 25-11-2014), the well known Kathak dancer. Her life story is available freely on the internet. She was bestowed the title of ‘Nritya Samragni’  by Ravindranath Tagore, in 1936, when she was just 16 year old. Sitara is also famous for her multiple marriages. She was the one who refused to accept ‘Padma Bhushan’ honour, stating that she deserves nothing less than ‘Bharat Ratna’ alone ! She had taught Kathak Dance to younger actresses like Madhubala, Rekha, Mala Sinha and Kajol.

The male singer in today’s song is Kantilal. KANTILAL CHHAGANLAL PACHCHIGAR was born on 18-4-1907 in Surat, Gujarat. Due to inherent interest in music, after college education he came to Bombay to try film singing. His first film was ‘Bulbul e Paristan’ (1934) from Vishnu Cinetone. Kikubhai Yagnik was the MD. Kantilal sang 2 songs in it. In 1935, he acted, sang and gave music to ‘Preet Ki Reet’ (1935). He sang 6 songs. He also gave music in ‘Punjab Ka Sinh’ (1936) and also in ‘Gul Badan’ (1937). From 1937 to 1941, he was with Ranjit Movietone and acted and sang in 16 films. He sang 40 songs under Khemchand Prakash and Gyan Dutt.

Then came ‘Gazi Salahuddin’, ‘Kangan’, ‘Holiday In Bombay’ and ‘Kanchan’. Kantilal sang 60 songs in 24 films under 5 MDs. Some of his films were, ‘Toofaani Toli’, ‘Ban Ki Chidiya’, ‘Billi’, ‘Gorakh Aaya’, ‘Prithviputra’, ‘Adhoori Kahaani’, ‘Nadi Kinaare’, ‘Aaj Ka Hindusthan’, ‘Achhoot’, ‘Diwali’, ‘Holi’, ‘Musafir’, ‘Pardesi’, ‘Sasural’, ‘Shaadi’ etc.

In 1943, he married Ushaben and acted in Gujarati films and dramas. He passed away on 17-6-1971.

Khemchand Prakash (12-12-1907 to 10-8-1950) was a very talented composer, but unfortunately  most of his career, he dealt with average singers. Whenever he got opportunity to make songs for real singers like Saigal (‘Tansen’ and ‘Bhanwara’), Khursheed, Kishore ( ‘Ziddi’ and ‘Muqaddar’), Lata (‘Mahal’) and Rajkumari, his songs became famous and very popular. Today’s song is sung by the so called part time singers, but they have tried their best in it.

With this song film ‘Holi’ (1940) makes its debut on the blog.

 


Song – Dhanwaalon Ki Duniya Hai Ye, Nirdhan Ke Bhagwaan  (Holi) (1940) Singer – Kantilal, Sitara Devi, Lyrics – DN Madhok, Music – Khemchand Prakash
Kantilal + Sitara Devi

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

dhanwaalon ki duniya hai ye
nirdhan ke bhagwan
dhanwaalon ki duniya hai ye
nirdhan ke bhagwan

nirdhan teri
nirdhan ka main
nirdhan teri
nirdhan ka main
ek anokhi shaan
ek anokhi shaan

do din ki ye mast jawaani
do din ki ye mast jawaani
do din ka ye roo..oop
ek mundere chaanv hai aayi
ek mundere dhoo..oop
bhole panchhi is pinjre ka
bhole panchhi is pinjre ka
jhootha tere maan
haa..aan
jhootha tere maan
haa..aan
dhanwaalon ki duniya hai ye
nirdhan ke bhagwan

ret ke mahal bana kar moorakh
ret ke mahal bana kar moorakh
in mein kiya baseraa. . .
ek fanaa ke jhonka aaya
kooch hua sab dera
ret ke mahal bana kar moorakh
ret ke mahal bana kar moorakh
in mein kiya baseraa. . .
ek fanaa ke jhonka aaya
kooch hua sab dera
jhootha jeevan ka iktaara
jhootha jeevan ka iktaara
jhoothi us ki taa..aan
dhanwaalon ki duniya hai ye
nirdhan ke bhagwan
dhanwaalon ki duniya hai ye
nirdhan ke bhagwan

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-

धनवालों की दुनिया है ये
निर्धन के भगवान
धनवालों की दुनिया है ये
निर्धन के भगवान

निर्धन तेरी
निर्धन का मैं
निर्धन तेरी
निर्धन का मैं
एक अनोखी शान
एक अनोखी शान

दो दिन की ये मस्त जवानी
दो दिन की ये मस्त जवानी
दो दिन का ये रू॰॰प
एक मुंडेरे छाँव है आई
एक मुंडेरे धू॰॰प
भोले पंछी इस पिंजरे का
भोले पंछी इस पिंजरे का
झूठा तेरे मान
हाँ॰॰आँ
झूठा तेरे मान
हाँ॰॰आँ
धनवालों की दुनिया है ये
निर्धन के भगवान

रेत के महल बना कर मूरख
रेत के महल बना कर मूरख
इन में किया बसेरा॰ ॰ ॰
एक फना का झोंका आया
कूच हुआ सब डेरा
रेत के महल बना कर मूरख
रेत के महल बना कर मूरख
इन में किया बसेरा॰ ॰ ॰
एक फना का झोंका आया
कूच हुआ सब डेरा
झूठा जीवन का इकतारा
झूठा जीवन का इकतारा
झूठी उसकी ता॰॰आन
धनवालों की दुनिया है ये
निर्धन के भगवान
धनवालों की दुनिया है ये
निर्धन के भगवान


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3774 Post No. : 14752

Today’s song is a very melodious duet by Surendra and Waheedan Bai, in film Alibaba-1940.

Alibaba’s story is from Arabian Nights stories and is one of the most popular stories around the world. No wonder, our film makers took up this story. Films with ‘Alibaba’ title were made in 1940, 1946 and 1976. Films with ‘Alibaba and 40 Thieves’ title were made in 1932, 54, 66, 80 and 2004. ‘Alibaba and Marjina’ was made in 1977. There may be some more which I have missed. Comparatively, more films were made on Alladin and his Magic Lamp. After all magic has its own attraction. Even in silent era films were made on these two characters.

After the successful film ‘Ek Hi Rasta’ (1939), Mehboob started work on ‘Alibaba’. He had made the beginning of his film career by acting in the silent film on Alibaba. He was one of the 40 thieves ! By now, due to his continuous success, Sagar Movietone had benefited much and he was highly respected in the company. Besides Mehboob, Sagar Movietone had a team of other directors like CM Luhar, Sarvottam Badami, Hiren Bose, Ramchandra Thakur etc. They too were making films for Sagar. However, their films were not as successful as those by Mehboob. In addition, the onset of Second World War had a negative impact on Sagar and it went into loss. Soon, the owners decided to close the company.

By this time, Mehboob was ready with all the arrangements to start the shooting of ‘Alibaba’. Closing down of Sagar was a shock to him. He approached Ardeshir Irani of Imperial and asked for permission to shoot his film there. Irani was very happy. The novice ‘extra’ who had worked in his company – without pay for first five months – had now become acclaimed top class successful Director. Irani was proud of Mehboob. He gladly permitted him to shoot his entire film there.

In the film ‘Alibaba’, Surendra was to do the double role of Alibaba and his son. Now, Mehboob needed two heroines. He selected Waheedan Bai and Sardar Akhtar. Akhtar was the youner sister of Bahar – wife of AR Kardar. In an article in Filmfare dated 16-8-1957, Mehboob wrote “the moment I saw Sardar Akhtar, I fell for her and knew that one day she will be my wife.” Sure enough, he married her later.

It was during the shooting of film ‘Aurat’ (1940), Mehboob was attracted towards Jyoti – sister of Waheedan Bai and one of the cast of Aurat – and he started spending time with her, having tea together, lunch together etc. Sardar Akhtar noticed this and played her cards well. She encouraged Jyoti to accept outside film offers lest she would be out of circulation. Then she poisoned Mehboob by telling him that Jyoti was not a good girl and that she was more interested in outside film roles. Consequently, Jyoti’s role in film ‘Aurat’ was reduced. By the time film ‘Aurat’ was completed, Akhtar had fully influenced Mehboob and then insisted on getting married. He too wanted it and they got married just before the film was released.

Mehboob had wanted to make ‘Alibaba’ in Hindi and Punjabi. Anil Biswas was his pet MD for so many films. He asked Anil da to do the music of Hindi and Punjabi versions. Anil da flatly refused saying that he did not know Punjabi. Even after lot of discussion, he was not ready. Mehboob left the matter as it is. After a week or so, there appeared a news in papers that “. . . Anil Biswas, a Bengali, gives music to Hindi films but can not give music to Punjabi films”. Someone showed this news to Anil Biswas. He was agitated and ran to Mehboob. Anil da said, “OK, I will give music in any language that you make films in. French, English, Arabic, Spanish – any language, but stop spoiling my reputation.”  Mehboob just smiled and said, “Ja Bangali ja. Punjabi gaanon ko music de “. Anil Biswas sought assistance from a Punjabi technician Shahji, who helped him to understand the basic naunces of Punjabi music. The music he ended up composing for the Punjabi version was much better than the one given to Hindi version, according to Anil Biswas himself !

Basic Arabian Night story was adapted for Hindi by Dr. Safdar Aah and for Punjabi, it was Lala Yaqub. The Punjabi lyrics were by Shah Aziz. For film ‘Alibaba’, Mehboob had 4 assistant directors, Chimankant Gandhi, Jagdish Coopal (he also did a small role in the film), Narwekar and Gazi Banwali.

Mehboob Khan came up from a very poor family and he had to struggle hard to reach this stage. So he knew how it feels to miss opportunities to make it big. He himself had lost the opportunity to become a hero twice. First when he was almost selected for ‘Alam Ara’ (1931), vacating for Master Vithal and second time for film ‘Shehar Ka Jaadu’ (1934), this time making way for debutante Motilal.

Mehboob helped many actors to start their careers or do a memorable role first time, in his films, like Sitara Devi, Aruna, Surendra, Maya Banerjee, Arun Ahuja, Harish Taranath, Sheikh Mukhtar, Jyoti, Waheedan Bai, Sardar Akhtar, Veena and Nargis. Mehboob also gave Raj Kapoor his first big and famous film – ‘Andaz’ (1949).

Mehboob was very strict but also kind hearted when it came to remembering people who had helped him in some way. Much of the shooting of ‘Mother India’ (1957) was in rural area of Bilimora, Kolhapur and Nashik. In village Shiroli, near Kolhapur, when the shooting was going on, a major portion of the harvest in the field of a farmer was destroyed. Mehboob Khan met that farmer, apologized and paid fully for all damages. Not only that, when he learnt that the farmer and his family has never seen Bombay, he brought all of them to Bombay , at company’s expenses, and showed them around for a week. In addition, when film ‘Mother India’ was to be released in Rajaram Talkies in Kolhapur, Mehboob wrote to the distributor at Kolhapur to invite the farmer’s family as a special guest for the film premier !

Mehboob Khan’s life is nothing short of a film story. There are many things which have to be brought to people to focus on his qualities. An illiterate village boy touching the sky with hard work and determination is his life story.

Today’s song is very melodious and I liked it. I am sure you too will like it.

[Acknowledgement: Most part of the write up uses the information from the books, ‘Mehboob Khan’ by Shashikant Kinikar and ‘Cinemacha Cinema’ by Isak Mujawar).


Song – Dil Ka Saaz Bajaaye Jaa  (Alibaba) (1940) Singer – Surendra, Waheedan Bai, Lyrics – Dr Aah Sitapuri, Music – Anil Biswas

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

hmmmm mmmmm

aaaa aaaa
dil ka saaz bajaaye ja
aaaaaaa
dil ka saaz bajaaye ja
jis taar mein tere naghme hain
jis taar mein tere naghme hain
mizraab usi pe lagaaye ja
mizraab usi pe lagaaye ja
dil ka saaz bajaaye ja
aaaaaa
dil ka saaz bajaaye ja

ae. . . pyaare geet sunaaye ja
ae. . . pyaare geet sunaaye ja
baithi hoon ishq ke jhoole mein
baithi hoon ishq ke jhoole mein
main sadqe peeng badhaaye ja
main sadqe peeng badhaaye ja
ae. . . pyaare geet sunaaye ja
ae. . . pyaare geet sunaaye ja

ye beda paar lagaaye ja
ye beda paar lagaaye ja
dariya e mohabbat gehra hai
dariya e mohabbat gehra hai
haaaa aaa
dil ki naav chalaaye ja..aa..aa
dil ki naav chalaaye ja
har baar mujhe apnaaye ja
har baar mujhe apnaaye ja
ye mera tera farq mitey
ye mera tera farq mitey
tu dil mein yun hi samaaye ja
tu dil mein yun hi samaaye ja
ye mera tera farq mitey
ye mera tera farq mitey
tu dil mein yun hi samaaye ja
tu dil mein yun hi samaaye ja..aa..aa

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

हम्ममम मम्ममम

आsss आsss
दिल का साज बजाए जा
आsss
दिल का साज बजाए जा
जिस तार में तेरे नग़में हैं
जिस तार में तेरे नग़में हैं
मिज़राब उसी पे लगाए जा
मिज़राब उसी पे लगाए जा
दिल का साज बजाए जा
आsss
दिल का साज बजाए जा

ए॰॰॰ प्यारे गीत सुनाये जा
ए॰॰॰ प्यारे गीत सुनाये जा
बैठी हूँ इश्क़ के झूले में
बैठी हूँ इश्क़ के झूले में
मैं सदक़े पींग बढ़ाए जा
मैं सदक़े पींग बढ़ाए जा
ए॰॰॰ प्यारे गीत सुनाये जा
ए॰॰॰ प्यारे गीत सुनाये जा

ये बेड़ा पार लगाए जा
ये बेड़ा पार लगाए जा
दरिया ए मोहब्बत गहरा है
दरिया ए मोहब्बत गहरा है
हाsss आsss
दिल की नाव चलाये जा॰॰आ॰॰आ
दिल की नाव चलाये जा
हर बार मुझे अपनाए जा
हर बार मुझे अपनाए जा
ये मेरा तेरा फ़र्क मिटे
ये मेरा तेरा फ़र्क मिटे
तू दिल में यूं ही समाये जा
तू दिल में यूं ही समाये जा
ये मेरा तेरा फ़र्क मिटे
ये मेरा तेरा फ़र्क मिटे
तू दिल में यूं ही समाये जा
तू दिल में यूं ही समाये जा॰॰आ॰॰आ


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3772 Post No. : 14749 Movie Count :

4033

Since the day making of talkie films started in India, till today, no one knows how many actors have worked in films. Few years back, one gentleman had made a list of 7000 actors up to year 2000 and it was posted on a site, which is now defunct. Ordinary film buffs do not know all the names. The experts, perhaps, may know more. Fact remains that there are only few actors known to all and few known to some.

Some time ago, one of my friends and I took a bet on who knows more names of actors. The time limit fixed was 24 hours and no books etc. were to be referred. Next day, we exchanged our lists. Can you believe, I could not cross even 50 ! My friend was better, he wrote 54 names !! When you have some time, try doing this yourself, at least once.

Same case is with music directors and singers. Though no definite number is available, it is generally presumed that there were 1200 to 1500 music directors. How many can you list ?

As far as singers are concerned, it is a different story. I classify film singers into 4 categories.

  1. Regular playback singers like Rafi, Geeta Dutt, Asha, Mukesh, Lata etc
  2. Those who acted and sang – early era actors till 1950
  3. Accidental singers – These are non singers, who sang few lines or a song in a film, sometimes – like Dilip Kumar, Amitabh, many comedians etc., and
  4. Occasional singers – This is the biggest list. Some of the names in this category are, Ira Nigam, Anima Dasgupta, Balwant Singh, Bharat Vyas, Gopal Patel, Hridaynath Mangeshkar, Malti Pande, Jikki, Narendra Chanchal, Pinakin Shah, Ram Marathe, Shobha Gurtu, Seeta Agarwal, Mrs. Vishnilal, Laxmi Kumthekar etc.

It includes those singers, who sang 6-8 songs and disappeared. It also includes those singers who are from other languages like Marathi, Gujarati, Punjabi, Telugu, Tamil etc, but have sung few songs in Hindi too.

Today’s song is also sung by a singer who was a regular singer in Gujarati and Marathi films and occasional singer in Hindi films. The song is from film ‘Shri Ram Avatar’ (1950) and the singer is Leela Mehta. Leela is not new to our blog. Four of her songs are already discussed here.

Daughter of Kanhaiyalal Mehta and Indumati, Leela was born on 10-12-1935 at Borivali in Bombay. She was elder of the two sisters. Due to loss in business, her family shifted first to Ahmedabad and later to Baroda, where they settled. Leela studied in Marathi medium school – New Era Vidyalay in Baroda. Leela participated in all functions of the school and acted in dramas, much to the annoyance of their social circle. She developed interest in singing after listening to songs by Khursheed and Kananbala. She started learning music despite the resistance from home and others in their society.

VM Vyas, the famous director and a family friend knew about her interest and offered her the main role in film ‘Ranak Devi’ (1946). She was just 11 year old and did not suit the role, but she was given another role in it. Kokila Balsara aka Nirupa Roy too acted in it as a Debut film.

Due to her father’s death, the family shifted to Bombay and Leela took the responsibility of being the bread earner by acting and singing in dramas and radio plays. Meanwhile she learnt further music from Prof. Surendra Rao. She started acting and singing in Gujarati films. Ranjit Movietone offered her a big role in film ‘Gunsundari’ (1948), but since the role needed her to put on a sleeveless blouse, she refused that role. Finally, it went to Dulari. She, however sang songs in that film and they became quite popular in Gujarat.

Leela Mehta had grown up in Marathi atmosphere and also was educated in Marathi Medium, so her Marathi was very good. She was invited to work in Marathi dramas. She did roles in famous and popular Marathi dramas and also sang songs. From 1950 onwards, she started acting in Gujarati dramas. Meanwhile she used to sing in Hindi films occasionally. In early 50s, she made very successful foreign trips with her troupe, to perform Gujarati dramas and singing concerts.

Inspite of being successful and acting and singing in Marathi, Hindi and Gujarati films and dramas, her father did not see even one show of hers. This pained her till end. Leela stayed in a bungalow in Versova in Bombay. Once it was rumoured that there was a ghost in it. She immediately left that house and shifted to Dadar. Inadvertently, she forgot to inform the industry about her change of address, and this diminished her demand drastically.

Her mother died in 1972. In 1982, she toured USA. In 1985, the Marathi Natya Parishad honoured her with a cash award. Till 1992, she acted in Marathi and Gujarati TV serials. In all, Leela acted in 300 Gujarati/Marathi dramas, films and serials. Presently Leela is bedridden and unable to speak also.

Leela Mehta acted in only one Hindi film – ‘Shri Ram Avatar’ (1950). She sang 17 songs in 9 Hindi films, including 2 unreleased films. Her films are  ‘Nai Kahaani’ (1943) (2 songs), ‘Gaurav’ (1947) (1), ‘Namak’ (1947) (1), ‘Pehli Pehchan’ (1947) (2), ‘Gunsundari’ (1948) (2), ‘Satyawan Savitri’ (1948) (no information), ‘Chocolate’ (1950) (no information), ‘Shri Ram Avatar’ (1950) (4) and ‘Hanste Rehna’ (1950) (1). Her unreleased films were, Apradh (1948) (3) and ‘Bidhaata’ (1948) (1).

Film ‘Shri Ram Avtar’ was made under the banner of Praveen Leela Productions. It was directed by W Garcher – a name I have come across first time. He seems to have acted also in this film. The other cast was Shahu Modak, Ratnamala, Leela Mishra, Amarnath, Leela Mehta and others. Lyricist was Pt. Shivraj and the music was by Indravadan Bhatt.

Most names in the cast seem familiar except that of Ratnamala. How many of us really know anything about this actress. It is surprising that a very lovely and beautiful actress, who was heroine of about 20 films in the 40s and has about 300 films (131 Hindi films) to her credit, remains practically unknown. She was the heroine with Saraswati Cinetone, Prabhat Film Company, Sagar, Ranjit, Prakash Pictures etc. – all well known banners. She was in films for 50+ years and was a famous name in Marathi films of Dada Kondke.

Its a great pity that hardly any or no information about her is available in books, encyclopedias, wiki or on internet. When all sources of information come to a dead end, I turn to Harish Raghuwanshi ji of Surat and I am never disappointed. Here, I provide a short bio sketch of Ratnamala, based principally on the articles given by Harish ji. Thanks, Harish ji.

She was born as Kamal Bhivandkar on 22-6-1923 in Bombay. She was good looking and could sing well. From the age of 14 years, she went on the stage of several Ganesh Melas prevalent in those times. She earned 5-10 rupees per performance. In 1938, she was picked up by Dada Torne of Sarswati Cinetone, who cast her as a heroine in Marathi film ‘Bhagwa Zenda’. Seeing her performance, she was taken by Prabhat Film Company for the Marathi version of their film ‘Das Baje’ (1942). Torne had renamed her as Ratnamala.

Vijay Bhatt of Prakash Pictures offered her a role in film ‘Bharat Milap’ (1942), when Kusum Deshpande, selected for the role of Bharat’s wife, fell ill. Seeing her performance, she was selected as a heroine for film ‘Station Master’ (1942). Here too, the original heroine Jyoti fell ill. Then came ‘Panghat’ (1943), ‘Police’ (1944), ‘Kavita’ (1944) etc. She acted in many mythological films also. Some of her well known films were, ‘Dholak’, ‘Maya Bazaar’, ‘Sasural’, ‘Bhabhi Ki Chudiyan’, ‘Faulad’, ‘Woh Kaun Thi’, ‘Nishan’, ‘Bahu Beti’, ‘Mera Sayaa’, ‘Raaz’, ‘Saraswati Chandra’, ‘Brahmachari’, ‘Upahaar’, ‘Seeta Aur Geeta’, ‘Nastik’ etc.

She acted in 130 Hindi films and many more in Marathi films. Later she did side roles. She became famous as mother of Dada Kondke in 11 of his films. She was called ‘Aaye‘ (आये) in the Marathi films of Kondke.

Ratnamala was married to Raja Pandit, a Producer Director in Marathi films, when she was very young. As Ratnamala became successful and Raja became a failure, their marriage came on rocks. She had one son – Jaikumar, who had also acted in one film. Unfortunately, he died suddenly in an accident. Ratnamala lived in her own bungalow in Andheri, Bombay, along with her foster son – Ramesh. Ratnamala died of heart attack on 23rd January 1989.

The hero in this film was Shahu Modak. Shahu Modak was a regular actor in many religious films. He did Krishna’s role in over 30 films. He was born in a Christian family of Ahmednagar (Maharashtra), on 25-4-1918. He was trained in music by his Uncle Nivritinath Modak . He also got trained by Ustad Abdul Kareem Khan. There was a gym in his house and he became an expert in wrestling too. He was discovered by Bhal ji Pendharkar. Producer Nanasaheb Sarpotdar gave him his first break in films. He made his debut with a bilingual film from Prabhat – ‘Shyamsundar’ (1932), as a child artist. Shanta Apte also was a child artist debuting in this film. He also sang a song in this film.

In the next year itself he did a hero’s role in another bilingual – ‘Awara Shehzada’ (1933) (‘Ghatkecha Raja’ in Marathi). With this film, he entered the film History books for doing the first double role in a talkie film ever. He was a prince – Rajkumar and a pauper – Bholaram, in this film. The director of this film was Master Vithal, who himself was the first hero to do a double role in a silent film ‘Prisoner of Love’, in 1927.

Shahu became famous when he did the Havaldar Ganapat’s role in the landmark movie of Prabhat – ‘Aadmi’ (1939) (‘Maanus’ in Marathi). From 1932 to 1986 he acted in about 96 films. His last film too was a mythological – ‘Krishna Leela’ (1986), in which he did Krishna’s role for the last time, at the age of 68 years. He featured in many films of Prakash Pictures, which was a mythological film specialist studio. Shahu Modak initially sang his own songs. He must have sung about 54 songs in 18 films. From the film ‘Bhakta Pooran’ (1952), he started taking playback. But in 1971 he sang a song in film ‘Main Sunder Hoon’.

Shahu Modak passed away on 11-5-1993. There are two interesting things about Shahu Modak. One, he was a very accurate Astrologer. It is said that he had predicted his own date of death. Secondly, like Manhar Desai (Malcolm Alfredo Desai), he too was a Christian and both did roles of Hindu Gods in mythological films.

Let us now enjoy the Leela Mehta song from film ‘Shri Ram Avtar’. The movie makes its debut in the blog with this song.

[Acknowledgements: My thanks to Harish Raghuvanshi ji for some information from his book, ‘ Inhe Na Bhulaana’.]


Song – Aayi Aayi Basant Ritu Aayi  (Shri Ram Avtar) (1950) Singer – Leela Mehta, Lyrics – Pt Shivraj, Music – Indravadan Bhatt
Chorus

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

aayi aayi
basant ritu aayi
sunder ritu aayi
daali daali ne li agndaayi
aayi aayi
basant ritu aayi
sunder ritu aayi
daali daali ne li agndaayi

mere mann ki kali
yug yug ki pali
aaj. . kisi ko dekh muskaai
sunder ritu aayi
daali daali ne li agndaayi
aayi aayi
basant ritu aayi
sunder ritu aayi
daali daali ne li agndaayi

chaand hain naina bolo
kis ke liye aaj
solah singaar kiya
kis ke liye
chaand hain naina bolo
kis ke liye aaj
solah singaar kiya
kis ke liye
kaun si surat
kaun wo moorat
kaun si surat
kaun wo moorat
bhole mann mein aaj samaai
sunder ritu aayi
daali daali ne li agndaayi
aayi aayi
basant ritu aayi
sunder ritu aayi
daali daali ne li agndaayi

mann vyakul hai
baat mukh pen a aaye
mukh pe jo aaye
laaj kehne na paaye
hoga suraj ya to
chanda sa koi
hoga suraj ya to
hoga suraj ya to
chanda sa koi
raja ?? ?? ?? hoga wo koi
raja ?? ?? ?? hoga wo koi

hoon hoon hoon

aayi aayi
basant ritu aayi
sunder ritu aayi
daali daali ne li agndaayi
aayi aayi
basant ritu aayi
sunder ritu aayi
daali daali ne li agndaayi

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

आई आई
बसंत ऋतु आई
सुंदर ऋतु आई
डाली डाली ने ली अंगड़ाई
आई आई
बसंत ऋतु आई
सुंदर ऋतु आई
डाली डाली ने ली अंगड़ाई

मेरे मन की काली
युग युग की पाली’
आज॰॰ किसी को देख मुसकाई
सुंदर ऋतु आई
डाली डाली ने ली अंगड़ाई
आई आई
बसंत ऋतु आई
सुंदर ऋतु आई
डाली डाली ने ली अंगड़ाई

चाँद हैं नैना बोलो
किसके लिए आज
सोलह सिंगार किया
किसके लिए
चाँद हैं नैना बोलो
किसके लिए आज
सोलह सिंगार किया
किसके लिए
कौन सी सूरत
कौन वो मूरत
कौन सी सूरत
कौन वो मूरत
भोले मन में आज समाई
सुंदर ऋतु आई
डाली डाली ने ली अंगड़ाई
आई आई
बसंत ऋतु आई
सुंदर ऋतु आई
डाली डाली ने ली अंगड़ाई

मन व्याकुल है
बात मुख पे ना आये
मुख पे जो आए
लाज कहने ना पाये
होगा सूरज या तो
चंदा सा कोई
होगा सूरज या तो
चंदा सा कोई
राजा ?? ?? ?? होगा वो कोई
राजा ?? ?? ?? होगा वो कोई

हूँ हूँ हूँ

आई आई
बसंत ऋतु आई
सुंदर ऋतु आई
डाली डाली ने ली अंगड़ाई
आई आई
बसंत ऋतु आई
सुंदर ऋतु आई
डाली डाली ने ली अंगड़ाई


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3756 Post No. : 14722

Today’s song is from a film called ‘Diwali Ki Raat’ (1956). This is a film in which singer Talat Mahmood acted as a hero opposite heroine Roopmala. Talat Mahmood (24-2-1924 to 9-5-1998) acted in 12 films from 1945 to 1958 and he also did a cameo role, singing a song-“Shukriya Ae Pyaar Tera Shukriya“, of  three and half minutes in film Aaram-1951. In his early career starting in Calcutta, he fell in love with a Bangla actress Latika Mullick. They got married on 20-2-1951. She was converted to Islam and was renamed Nasreen, who bore two children to Talat. As per a book by Manek Premchand, ‘Talat Mahmood – The Velvet Touch’, he sang 777 songs which included Hindi film songs, NFS and unreleased films etc. As per another source he sang 451 Hindi film songs from 259 Hindi films.

Two very good singers – and my favourites – spoiled their singing careers at the cost of fulfilling their misplaced hype of making it as a singing hero, when such times had died down after Saigal. Mukesh ( 22-7-1923 to 27-8-1976 ) acted in 8 films from 1941 to 1956 and sang 928 songs from 538 films, as per one source. I personally feel, the film bug did more damage to Talat than Mukesh. Of course a money-smart Talat made it up with innumerable foreign tours for concerts and singing jaunts with a party made up of musicians, singers and mimicry artistes.

Recently, I received a copy of Talat’s handwritten inland letter, sent to one of my friends in Gujarat, who wanted to arrange his show. As per what Talat wrote on 26-12-1977, his fees was Rs. 12,000/-, plus hotel accommodation for him and others. The troupe, he said, consisted of singers, dancers, musicians and mimicry artistes. One may feel that Rs. 12,000 was too low, but remember, this was 41 years ago, when petrol was less than two rupees per litre. In late 70s, I had rented a two bedroom, 1,000 sq ft flat in prime locality like Andheri in Bombay, for just Rs. 800 pm. Today the same size flat will command a rent of Rs. 40,000 + pm.

Like the values of money and values of life changed in all these years, almost everything has changed nowadays. These changes have not come overnight, but like slow poisoning, the changes took almost 50 to 60 years to show their effect. The second world war and the independence era were the beginning when quantity started overpowering quality. The film industry was also not an exception. How good the acting or the music was, became secondary and how many films, became the testing apparatus to judge the actor or the composer. Thus the simple but the talented artistes fell behind and those who pushed hard or had the right connections (and the luck) went much ahead.

In the field of Music Direction, at least two names come to the mind, who were talented but too simple to last in the neck to neck competition of the film line. One of them was Snehal Bhatkar (the other being, Bharat Bhai’s favourite- Jaidev). He was the MD for the film ‘Diwali Ki Raat’.

White full shirt, ironed white pyjama, spectacles with big powerful lenses and the trademark white Gandhi Topi – he could easily be mistaken for a ‘Pandharpur Warkari’ (a regular pilgrim to Pandharpur) or a member of a ‘Bhajani Mandali’ or simply a middle class ‘Marathi Manoos’. Such was the appearance of one of Hindi filmdom’s talented, yet not so famous, music maestro VASUDEV GANGARAM BHATKAR or Snehal Bhatkar, as we all know him.

In Hindi film music field there were some talented composers like Ghulam Mohd, Mohd. Shafi, Iqbal Qureshi, Daan singh, C Arjun, Ramlal, Sardar Malik, Ajit Merchant, Jamal Sen, Dattaram, Ganesh, etc. who could never reach the peaks of their careers. They really deserved success and fame, but luck did not favour them. Big banners never approached them and eventually the losers were the music lovers in India. These composers did not know, perhaps, how to sell their art. May be they never wanted to enslave music to gain name and fame, instead they preferred to settle for genuine service to music!

Snehal Bhatkar was one such composer. The maxim of simple living and high thinking never worked in this Mayanagari, but he had no regrets. Till the very end he was contented with whatever God gave him, and whatever name and success he achieved.

He was born into and grew up in a family that was surrounded by traditional devotional music all around. In the lower middle class, the people had their entertainments in singing bhajans and doing keertans in temples en masse.

Vasudev G. Bhatkar was born on 17-7-1919. He knew at least 100 bhajans by heart by the time he was in his 10th class. He was invited to sing in Ganesh Melas and other celebrations and soon became a well-known name in the locality. Because of his singing and skills in playing harmonium and other instruments, he got a job with HMV in Bombay. Here he used to give accompaniment on harmonium to big classical singers. At the same time, taking cognizance of his singing skills, many Marathi bhavgeets and bhajans were recorded by HMV. Some of them are popular in Maharashtra even today.

All this while, Bhatkar was looking for opportunity to compose in films. Sudhir Phadke who also served in HMV and recorded some songs from 1943 to 1945, joined hands with Bhatkar and made a pair – Vasudev-Sudhir. In 1946, they got a film of Baburao Painter – ‘Rukmini Swayamvar’ – for music direction. The problem was that due to his service in HMV, he could not openly work outside. Hence he only gave his name as Vasudev. After this film, the pair separated and Phadke went to give music to films like ‘Gokul’ (1946), ‘Aagey Badho’ (1947), etc. Due to financial constraints Bhatkar was unable to leave his job with HMV.

In 1941, Bhatkar had come to know Kidar Sharma while recording songs for his film ‘Chitralekha’, which he was making for Ranjit Studios. Sharma had just come from Calcutta to establish himself in Bombay. He had a knack of identifying talents. He first gave a chance to Bhatkar to sing some songs with Leela Sawant in his film ‘Kaliyan’ (1944). After ‘Rukmini Swayamvar’, Kidar Sharma gave him his first break as an independent composer in his film ‘Neelkamal’ (1947), where Kidar Sharma launched Raj Kapoor and Madhubala in adult roles as the leading pair. Here Bhatkar used the name B Vasudev. In the subsequent years Bhatkar used different names for different films like VG Bhatkar in ‘Sant Tukram’ (1948), ‘Sati Ahalya’ (1949) and ‘Pagle’ (1950), and Snehal in ‘Suhaag Raat’ (1948) and ‘Thes’ (1949). After doing ‘The’s and ‘Sati Ahalya’, Bhatkar resigned from HMV.

Snehal Bhatkar and Kidar Sharma were very good friends. Kidar gave him ‘Neki Aur Badi’ in 1949. Meanwhile, Kidar Sharma met Roshan Lal Nagrath in some musical event. Sharma was terribly impressed with Roshan and wanted to give him a break in his film. At that point of time, Kidar had just started work on ‘Neki Aur Badi’. He had a heart to heart talk with Bhatkar and Bhatkar gladly left the film for Roshan. Thus Roshan got his break with ‘Neki aur Badi’. Roshan never forgot Bhatkar’s magnanimity in his life and always respected Bhatkar. In return Kidar Sharma gave ‘Hamari Beti’ (1950) to Bhatkar. As he was a free bird now, Bhatkar started using the name SNEHAL BHATKAR  from this film. Snehal was the short form of Snehalata, his daughter.

Snehal Bhatkar did many Marathi films and recorded many bhajans in Marathi, which are ever popular. He did 28 films in Hindi (including one unreleased film in the 1950s) and 12 films in Marathi. Out of 27 released Hindi films, 9 were made by Kidar Sharma.

The song which made Mubarak Begum and Bhatkar famous in India was ‘Kabhi Tanhayion Mein, Hamari Yaad Aayegi’ from the film ‘Hamari Yaad Aayegi’ (1961). (This film was was originally named ‘Jawaan Mohabbat’). Actually this song was to be done by Lata Mangeshkar. Lata had already recorded two songs for this film. Due to her extremely busy schedule she was unable to do this song, so she suggested the name of Asha Bhosle. But Kidar Sharma, already upset over Lata’s refusal, opted for Mubarak Begum and the rest, as they say, is history. She imbued a unique character to this song with her special voice.

After 1960, the musical scene in India was undergoing drastic changes and there was no space for composers like Bhatkar, who used minimum orchestra and dwelt upon melody. His films came in long intervals. Even Kidar Sharma left him after ‘Fariyaad’ (1964) only to return in ‘Pehla Qadam’ (1981). Finally Bhatkar did his last Hindi film ‘Sahme Hue Sitare’ (1994), which featured his son Ramesh Bhatkar, who was already a popular hero in Marathi film, stage and TV. This obscure film did nothing good to Bhatkar. After retirement Bhatkar devoted his time for children’s welfare and his original love – Bhajan Mandali singing.

Snehal or Vasudev Gangaram Bhatkar, together with cousin Devji Bhatkar and Panchambuwa Pandurang Shivalkar, was the founder member of ‘Vishwambhar Prasadik Bhajan Mandal’ in Dadar. It is still in operation after 50 years, with new set of singers. Bhatkar was very kind hearted. Every year, during Ganapati festival he used to visit his ancestral village ‘Bhate’ in Ratnagiri district and participate in singing bhajans.

Lata, Talat and Mukesh were his favourite singers. Although Talat has not sung many songs for him, his song “Zindagi Kis Mod Pe Laayee Hamein” from ‘Diwali Ki Raat’ was very popular. When rehearsals for this song were being done, Bhatkar had used only tabla and sitar for the practice session. The producer who chanced upon this rehearsal was so much impressed with this that he insisted recording the song only with minimum instruments. So, this song has only tabla, sitar and another instrument for accompaniment.

Though there were many melodious songs composed by Bhatkar like, Khusro’s “Lakhi Babul More Kaahe Ko Deenha Bides Re” sung soulfully by Mukesh in ‘Suhaag Raat’ (1948); “Ro-oge Pachhtaoge” by Mukesh and Rajkumari in ‘Thes’ (1949); Lata’s “Chanda Tujhko Laaj Na Aayee” from ‘Bhola Shankar’ (1951); Suman Kalyanpur’s “Haal-e-Dil Unko Sunana Tha“- Fariyaad (1964), no other big banner producer opted for Snehal Bhatkar, except Kidar Sharma . May be his compositions were not so simple for common man to hum or sing, although they were quality songs.

Despite several melodious songs Bhatkar was never counted among the first line composers. Kidar Sharma returned to him in 1980, but by that time Snehal Bhatkarwas already on a descending track.

SNEHAL BHATKAR, a talented but sadly not much applauded composer, died peacefully on 29-5-2007 at his Dadar home.

Today’s song is sung by Mahendra Kapoor. As far as I know, this is my first song of Mahendra Kapoor. Today’s song was his first solo song of his career. Mahendra Kapoor was among the premier playback singers of the Golden Age of Hindi musical cinema, with hits like “Chalo Ek Baar ” and “Neele Gagan Ke Taley” vaulting him to a level of celebrity rivaling the on-screen actors miming to his vocals. Born January 9, 1934, in Amritsar,  Kapoor spent the majority of his childhood in Mumbai, where he claimed top honors in the All-India Murphy-Metro Singing competition in 1957. His victory captured the attention of filmmaker Raja Nawathe, who used him in 1958’s ‘Sohni Mahiwal’. This also caused a controversy, because the contest was for new comers and Mahendra Kapoor had already sung  songs in several films like ‘Madmast’ (1953), ‘Madhur Milan’ (1955) ‘Lalkar’ (1956) and ‘Heer’ (1956) and also his first solo song in film ‘Diwali Ki Raat (1956). Later on he gave some lame excuse that he had not got any payment for that song etc. (beetehuedin.com has all the relevant details on this controversy and the court case etc, in MK’s interview article).

A year later, Kapoor launched into the top ranks of Bollywood singers when composer and musical director Ramchandra Chitalkar tapped him to perform the show stopping “Aadha Hai Chandrama Raat Aadhi” in the film ‘Navrang’ (1959). Kapoor quickly proved himself a versatile talent even by Bollywood standards, performing in a number of regional Indian languages beyond his native Hindi. Within the sub genre of Marathi language productions, he was renowned as the playback singer of choice for superstar Dada Kondke — and over time his repertoire expanded, becoming virtually synonymous with patriotic anthems when he delivered “Mere Desh Ki Dharthi. . .” in Manoj Kumar’s 1967 film ‘Upkaar’, a rendition that also earned him the Best Male Playback Singer honors from India’s National Film Awards voters.

Kapoor remained a respected and popular figure across his five-decade cinema career, notching additional hits via “Iktara Bole. . .” (from ‘Yaadgaar’, 1970), “Fakira Chal Chala Chal” (from ‘Fakira’, 1976) and “Ab Ke Baras” (from ‘Kranti’, 1981). While his filmography embraces dozens of directors, he enjoyed his most fruitful collaboration with filmmaker BR Chopra, a partnership that extends across productions like 1959’s ‘Dhool Ka Phool’, 1963’s ‘Gumrah’, 1965’s ‘Waqt’, 1969’s ‘Aadmi Aur Insaan’ and 1973’s ‘Dhund’. From 1980 onward Kapoor appeared largely in small, regional films in the Punjabi and Bhojpuri tongues, and with son Rohan he mounted a series of live tours spanning across India and overseas. His contributions to the Bollywood industry were later recognized via the Indian government’s Padmashri Award as well as the Madhya Pradesh government’s Lata Mangeshkar Award. Poor health plagued Kapoor during the final years of his life, and he suffered a fatal heart attack in his sleep on September 27, 2008.

Today’s song is the 7th song from this film, to be discussed here. There are 10 songs in the film as per HFGK, but one Talat song was removed from the film. For this film, Kersi Mistry and Prabhakar Naren were the assistants for Bhatkar. Mistry later claimed that the above song was composed by him.


Song – Tere Dar Ki Bhikmangi Hai Daata Duniya Saari (Diwaali Ki Raat) (1956) Singers – Mahendra Kapoor, Lyrics – Madhukar Rajasthani, Music – Snehal Bhatkar

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

tere dar ki
bhikhmangi hai
daata duniya saari
ho daata duniya saari

koi maange mahal do-mehle
koi kutiya chhoti
koi maange sona chaandi
koi sookhi roti
re roti
koi maange laal salona
koi maange laal salona
koi sundar naari
maange koi sundar naari
waah re duniya rachne waale
shaan hai teri nyaari
shaan hai teri nyaari
tere dar ki bhikhmangi hai
tere dar ki bhikhmangi hai
daata duniya saari
ho daata duniya saari

koi tujh par phool chadha kar
maalik tujh rijhaaye
koi tujh par phool chadha kar
maalik tujh rijhaaye
koi bechaara dukh ka maara
aansoo bhent chadhaaye
koi bechaara dukh ka maara
aansoo bhent chadhaaye
donon hi mohtaaj hain tere
donon hi mohtaaj hain tere
donon tere pujaari
donon tere pujaari
khel rahe ho khel anokhe
kya samjhe sansaari
kya samjhe sansaari
tere dar ki bhikhmangi hai
tere dar ki bhikhmangi hai
daata duniya saari
ho daata duniya saari

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

तेरे दर की
भिखमंगी है
दाता दुनिया सारी
हो दाता दुनिया सारी

कोई मांगे महल दो-महले
कोई कुटिया छोटी
कोई मांगे सोना चाँदी
कोई सूखी रोटी
रे रोटी
कोई मांगे लाल सलोना
कोई मांगे लाल सलोना
कोई सुंदर नारी
मांगे कोई सुंदर नारी
वाह रे दुनिया रचने वाले
शान है तेरी न्यारी
शान है तेरी न्यारी
तेरे दर की भिखमंगी है
तेरे दर की भिखमंगी है
दाता दुनिया सारी
हो दाता दुनिया सारी

कोई तुझ पर फूल चढ़ा कर
मालिक तुझे रिझाये
कोई तुझ पर फूल चढ़ा कर
मालिक तुझे रिझाये
कोई बेचारा दुख का मारा
आँसू भेंट चढ़ाये
कोई बेचारा दुख का मारा
आँसू भेंट चढ़ाये
दोनों ही मोहताज हैं तेरे
दोनों ही मोहताज हैं तेरे
दोनों तेरे पुजारी
दोनों तेरे पुजारी
खेल रहे हो खेल अनोखे
क्या समझे संसारी
क्या समझे संसारी
तेरे दर की भिखमंगी है
तेरे दर की भिखमंगी है
दाता दुनिया सारी
हो दाता दुनिया सारी


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3744 Post No. : 14701

Today’s song is from a comparatively less known film, ‘Prem Sangeet’ (1943). It was produced and directed by WZ Ahmed, under his own banner, Shalimar Pictures, Poona. The music was by its resident MD SK Pal aka Suryakant Pal (nephew of MD Ramchandra Pal, who was with Bombay Talkies). The lyricist was Bharat Vyas. The cast of the film was Neena, Jairaj, H Prakash, Shanta Thakkar, Rajkumari Shukla, Tiwari, Anwar, Gulab, Randhir and many more. The song is sung by Bharat Vyas and Shanta Thakkar.

Bharat Vyas (18-12-1918 to 4-7-1982) wrote 1247 songs in 189 films. In addition, he acted in 3 films, ‘Ghulami’ (1945), ‘Prithviraj Sanyogita’ (1946) and ‘Maa’ (1952). He directed a film also – ‘Rangila Rajasthan’ (1949). He sang 8 songs in 6 films – ‘Prem sangeet’ (1943), ‘Mann Ki Jeet’ (1944), ‘Ghulami’ (1945), ‘Chandralekha’ (1948), ‘Navrang’ (1959) and ‘Santaan’ (1980). He was one of the MDs for film ‘Rangila Rajasthan’ and had composed 3 songs. Shanta Thakkar, who sang with him was also not a regular singer. She had sung just one song in ‘Nirdosh’ (1941), and after today’s song, she sang one more song in ‘Mann Ki Jeet’ (1944) – only 3 songs in career.

There are many books on Hindi film related subjects in almost all languages. Most books give factual or biographical information. There was one author – Saadat Hasan Manto – whose books combined facts, myths, opinions, humour and lascivious stories about the film people he came in contact with, while he was in India before partition. I have some of his books like Meena Bazaar, Stars from Another Sky, and Dastavej Vol 5. One gets to know about the conditions prevailing in the film world in those times, through the eyes of one amongst them. Manto was close to many heroes like Shyam, Ashok kumar and others like Nazir Ahmed, Rafiq Ghaznavi etc. In one of his books, he has revealed the inside story how a shy housewife – Shahida – became a popular film heroine Neena and what magic her mentor (husband later on) WZ Ahmed played to convert her.

About two years back Sadanand Kamath ji had also written about her in one of his articles on song from film ‘Ek Raat’ (1942). I have used some part of his story along with additional information gathered from the All India Film Directory and Who’s Who – 1946, some Pakistani sites and my notes to make her story a wider one.

Neena (real name Shahida) was born on 18th July 1919 in Aligarh in a cultured Muslim family. She was the eldest of six siblings. Her father was  Prime Minister of a small state. Later he was appointed as a  magistrate in Lucknow. Subsequently, he became a member of Federal Public commission. She studied in Aligarh and completed her graduation. During her college days, Moshin Abdullah fell in love with her. They got married and she settled for her domestic duty. Her husband got a job in Bombay Talkies laboratory where Shashdhar Mukherjee was his colleague. Shahida accompanied her husband and stayed in Malad.

When WZ Ahmed set up his film production company, Shalimar Pictures, Moshin Abdullah joined him in the same capacity which he was holding in Bombay Talkies and shifted to Poona (Pune) with his wife Shahida. Probably it was during this period that WZ Ahmed came to know about Shahida and offered her the lead role in his first film ‘Ek Raat’ (1942). Even though her husband was connected with Hindi films and her sister-in-law (husband’s sister), Renuka Devi (Begum Mirza) was an established actress in Bombay Talkies, Shahida was not interested in pursuing a career in films. It was her husband who persuaded her to take the lead role in ‘Ek Raat’ (1942) offered by WZ Ahmed. Saadat Hasan Manto, in his book ‘Stars From Another Sky’ has pointed out that for Moshin Abdullah, Shahida taking up the role in the film was a necessity as he was always short of money due to his gambling habit.

Before the film went on floor, a massive publicity of the film with Shahida getting her screen name ‘Neena’ as a mystery woman was launched, with giant billboards on the roads of Karachi – without showing her face. This created a suspense and she started getting fan mail too, before her film was released. The film was first released in Karachi on 18th July 1942 where it ran for 9 weeks. With the positive feedback from the cine goers, the film was next released in Hyderabad (Deccan) followed by an all-India release. The film was a box office success.

WZ Ahmed announced his next film ‘Mann Ki Jeet’ (1944) with Neena and Shyam in the lead roles. However, in the meantime, he released a quickie , his second film ‘Prem Sangeet’ (1943) with Neena and Jairaj in lead roles without much publicity as there was no more mystery about Neena. His concentration was now on ‘Mnan Ki Jeet’ (1944). She was quite good looking. In 1945, she was voted “The best dressed beauty of the Indian film world” award from I.F.J.A. She worked in only 5 films, ‘Ek Raat’ (1942), ‘Prem Sangeet’ (1943), ‘Mann Ki Jeet’ (1944), ‘Prithviraj Sanyogita’ (1946) and ‘Meerabai’ (1947). One more ambitious film was planned and announced – ‘Shri Krishna Bhagwan’, in which she was to play Radha. However due to partition and their migration to Pakistan, this was cancelled.

WZ Ahmed in his capacity as a producer-director was virtually in full control of Neena. Her husband Moshin Abdullah being removed from Shalimar Pictures for not doing his allotted work, had lost his grip over his wife. On the other hand, Neena found wide differences in attitudes towards her of WZ Ahmed who was courteous and her husband who was not only swindling her money in gambling but he was also a womaniser. Slowly, she became close to WZ Ahmed. In 1946, Neena divorced her husband and married WZ Ahmed.

After the partition, both WZ Ahmed and Neena migrated to Pakistan lock stock barrel, leaving the staff of Shalimar Pictures in a lurch as many of the staff had not received their salary for months. In August 1948, Bombay High Court adjudged WZ Ahmed, the sole proprietor of Shalimar Pictures as insolvent. Thus the saga of a ‘mystery woman’ of Hindi films ended in mysterious circumstances.

Although, Ahmed was declared as insolvent, the workers of Shalimar made an attempt to revive the Shalimar Pictures company. They pooled their resources and Bharat Vyas produced a movie, ‘Rangeela Rajasthan’ in 1949, under the banner of Shalimar Pictures. Many ex employees like Bharat Vyas , SK Pal and Shyama Dulari etc. worked for free. However this last attempt was also not enough to save the company and it was sold out, to pay the dues of suppliers etc.

In Pakistan, Neena worked for her husband’s 2 films – ‘Roohi’ (1954) and ‘Vaada’ (1957). The third film remained unfinished, and she retired to remain a housewife – a second time. She died sometime in April 1990, in Karachi.

Waheeduddin Ziauddin Ahmed, the smart brain behind showing tempting dreams to a housewife and making her an actress in 5 films, died in a hospital in Lahore, after a prolonged illness, on 15-4-2007. It was/is believed by some even now that Neena sang her own songs initially. However, during one of his visits to India , Ahmed made it very clear that ALL songs including those attributed to Neena were sung by Sitara Kanpuri only. This is recorded in Listener’s Bulletin no. 134 of July 2007. So, there should be no doubt whatsoever about this. After his death in Lahore, the leading Newspaper of Pakistan, ‘The Dawn’ wrote a short obituary on him, on 17th April 2007. It throws light on his work. Here it is..

W.Z. Ahmed, 91, one of the most outstanding film directors of the subcontinent, passed away at a local hospital late on Sunday night (15-4-2007). He was suffering from an infection of the lung. He was laid to rest at the Bagh-i-Rehmat graveyard on Monday afternoon.

After coming up with a series of films in only five years, Wahiduddin Ziauddin Ahmed, was not as prolific as some of his successors in the film industry. He directed-produced five films before the partition of the sub-continent: ‘Aik Raat’, ‘Mann Ki Jeet’, ‘Prem Sangeet’, ‘Prithaviraj- Samyukta’ and ‘Mira Bai’ — all released between 1942 and 1947.

After partition, he made just two films ‘Roohi’ and ‘Wada’, while a third one, ‘Wafa Ki Ada’, remained incomplete. The country’s environment was obviously not suited to his brand of cinema and his creation as one of his masterpieces, ‘Roohi’, has the distinction of being the first-ever film to be banned in Pakistan. The government said the film generated ‘class hatred’, and if that was not bad enough, portrayed a ‘rich married woman having an affair with a young, unmarried man’.

The ban was later revoked and ‘Roohi’ was released in 1954. The same year W.Z. Ahmed was at the forefront of the campaign against the screening of Indian films. The protest was known as ‘Jaal agitation’ after a Dev Anand-starrer of the same name that had been imported out of East Pakistan’s quota — a limited number of Indian films were allowed into Pakistan until then — and then brought over to West Pakistan. The protest led to the arrest of Mr Ahmed and many others in Lahore.

Mr Ahmed owned the Shalimar Pictures in Pune and another studio in Madras before 1947. Some very famous writers and lyricists worked for Shalimar, including Josh Malihabadi, Krisan Chander, Ramanand Sagar, Akhtar-ul-Iman and Sagar Nizami. He established the W.Z. Studio at Wahdat Road in Lahore after some years after partition. He spent many years of his life pursuing the ideal of a filmmakers’ cooperative.

Sanaullah Khan Gandapur, who worked as an assistant to W.Z. Ahmed, remembers his guru as an excellent story-writer and a director with a vision and skill to mould actors according to his requirement. “He was a man of diversified interests and immense knowledge,” Mr Gandapur says.

Mr Ahmed was born in Gujarat, India, in 1916 where his father was a senior police officer. He is said to have been moved into entering filmdom by K.L. Sehgal’s Dev Das. It is said Mr Ahmed went to watch Dev Das and was so disappointed with the production that he decided to direct films himself.

He married twice. His first wife was a daughter of Sir Ghulam Husain Hidayatullah. Later on, he married Shahida, who acted in films under the adopted name of Neena. She died a few years ago (April 1990). Mr Ahmed had a son, Fariduddin Ahmed, and a daughter, Afia Rabbani.

Fariduddin Ahmed, well known as Farid Ahmed, was a talented filmmaker who married television and stage actor and producer, Samina Ahmed. Farid died in 1993.

Today’s song is a duet and is a parody of the famous and popular song from film ‘Jhoola’ (1941) – “Main To Dilli Se Dulhan Laaya Re”, sung by Arunkumar and Rehmat Bano. It was filmed on Mumtaz Ali and a debutant actress Shehzadi (not the sister of Zubeida, Sultana and Mehtab). I feel in this song some other tunes of songs are also present, but I could not identify them. This was the first ever song sung by Bharat Vyas in Hindi films.
 


Song – Main To Aagre Se Joota Laaya Re Ho Rani Ji (Prem Sangeet) (1943) Singers – Bharat Vyas, Shanta Thakkar, Lyrics – Bharat Vyas, Music – SK Pal

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

main aagre se
main jaipur se
o main aagre se
o main jaipur se

main aagre se joota laaya re
ho rani ji
main aagre se joota laaya re
ho rani ji
main jaipur se chunri laayi re
ho raja ji
main jaipur se chunri laayi re
ho raja ji
o main aagre se joota laaya re
ho rani ji

aao paniya
aao paniya bharan ko chalen
haan haan paniya bharan ko chalo na re
haan chalo na re
ui chalo na re
aao paani pioge raja
na na chaai pilaao
na na paani pio
na na chaai pilaao
na na paani pio
pio pio
ye paani ka pyaala hai
pio pio
main naahin piunga
main naahin piunga
hato to to to. . .

mora jiya ghanda mera
keh sakoon ganwaar hai
mora jiya ghanda mera
keh sakoon ganwaar hai
hua hai qusoor humse zuroor
maaf hamen karo huzoor

khaao khaao kasam
tum ram ji ki
haan haan ram ji ki
hanuman ji ki
ho siya jaanki ki
aaj gori women ko haraaya re
ho ram ji
aaj gori women ko haraaya re
ho ram ji

main aagre se
o main jaipur se
o main aagre se
o main jaipur se
main aagre se joota laaya re
ho rani ji
main aagre se joota laaya re
ho rani ji
main jaipur se chunri laayi re
ho raja ji
main jaipur se chunri laayi re
ho raja ji
ho main aagre se
main aagre se joota laaya re
ho rani ji

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-

मैं आगरे से
मैं जयपुर से
हो मैं आगरे से
हो मैं जयपुर से

मैं आगरे से जूता लाया रे
हो रानी जी
मैं आगरे से जूता लाया रे
हो रानी जी
मैं जयपुर से चुनरी लाई रे
हो राजा जी
मैं जयपुर से चुनरी लाई रे
हो राजा जी
ओ मैं आगरे से जूता लाया रे
हो रानी जी

आओ पनियां
आओ पनियां भरन को चलें
हां हां पनियां भरन को चलो ना रे
हाँ चलो ना रे
ऊई चलो ना रे
आओ पानी पीओगे राजा
ना ना चाय पिलाओ
ना ना पानी पियो
ना ना चाय पिलाओ
ना ना पानी पियो
पीओ पीओ
ये पानी का प्याला है
पीओ पीओ
मैं नाहीं पीऊँगा
मैं नाहीं पीऊँगा
हटो टो टो टो॰ ॰ ॰

मोरा जिया घणा मेरा
के सकूँ गंवार है
मोरा जिया घणा मेरा
के सकूँ गंवार है
हुआ है क़ुसूर हमसे जुरूर
माफ हमें करो हुज़ूर

खाओ खाओ कसम तुम राम की
हाँ हाँ राम जी की
हनुमान जी की
हो सिया जानकी की
आज गोरी वुमेन को हराया रे
हो राम जी
आज गोरी वुमेन को हराया रे
हो राम जी

मैं आगरे से
ओ मैं जयपुर से
हो मैं आगरे से
हो मैं जयपुर से

मैं आगरे से जूता लाया रे
हो रानी जी
मैं आगरे से जूता लाया रे
हो रानी जी
मैं जयपुर से चुनरी लाई रे
हो राजा जी
मैं जयपुर से चुनरी लाई रे
हो राजा जी
हो मैं आगरे से
ओ मैं आगरे से जूता लाया रे
हो रानी जी


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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 14800 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3800 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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Movies with all their songs covered =1162
Total Number of movies covered =4071

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