Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Rajkumari solo’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4613 Post No. : 16246 Movie Count :

4417

Today’s song is a rare song, from an unknown film Suhagi-48. Yes, the title is Suhagi and NOT Suhag. It is rather an unusual and misleading title. There is a cluster of titles around the word Suhag. There were 4 films as Suhag and also 4 films as Suhagan. There was a film Suhag raat ke Pehle and then there were 3 films as Suhag Raat. 2 films as Suhag Sindoor. There were two films with funny titles like Suhag ka Daan and Suhag ka Balidan. And among all this cluster poor film Suhagi was hidden in a corner !

Made by Blue art pictures, the film was directed by A.Shakoor, who directed only one more film in his career- Paayal-48, also made by the same banner. Film Suhagi was produced by Ismaile Devjee and the MD was Shaukat Dehlavi.

1948 was an year in which all the industries-including film industry- were trying to come back to normalising their businesses. The new government had not yet changed any laws and rules, so there was peace on all fronts. The Black money which was being poured into making films was now used by Politicians and thus the film industry was almost back to genuine producers and filmmakers. Most of the famous studios were on the verge of ending the studio system and studio culture. Some big names like New Theatres, Prabhat, Sagar, Ranjit were now mere shadows of their earlier powerful existence.

While film makers lost an important topic of Patriotism( in a garb), they now concentrated on Indian culture, Mythology, History, Family values, Joint family importance, literacy and such development themes. This changed the face of films. However, stories based on Folk tales, Religion and Kings-Queens and evil Wazirs still continued with public patronage. Raj Kapoor emerged as a Director, Ashok Kumar became a middle aged Hero, Dilip and Dev prospered with love stories and young themes. Older Heroes, Heroines, Directors and character artistes started vanishing and a new crop of actors etc took over their mantle. Music was changing its tunes. Melody ruled over Lyrics now and Naushad, C Ramchandra, H-B, S – J, Madan Mohan and the likes of them started making names and films.

One major event that happened in 1948, was the entry of Southern producers into Hindi heartland, with a Bang, when S S Vasan brought his Magnum-Opus- ” Chandralekha”, with more than 600 prints for All Indfia release. The extraordinary success of this film paved the way of other big production houses of South, like AVM, L V Prasad etc. to push their Hindi remakes of successful Southern films into the Hindi markets all over India.

For the MD Shoukat Dehlavi of film Suhagi, it was only his second film as an MD. Do you know who this MD was ? He used 5 different names to compose music to 29 films in his career spanning from 1947 to 1965 in India. He composed 203 songs and also sang 3 songs in 3 films namely, Dildar-47, Aiye-49 and Baradari-55. His 5 names were 1. Shoukat Dehlavi, 2. Shoukat Hussain Dehlavi 3. Shoukat Ali 4. Shoukat Haidari and finally he took a permanent new name 5. NASHAAD.

I can remember only one more artiste who had 5 names in her life. She was known as Qamar Sultana, Indira, Indu, Jaijaywanti and AMEETA !

After Partition, there was a rush to migrate to Pakistan and artists continued to shift there from 47 to almost 1950. Some artistes like Noorjehan left immediately. There were few cases where some people borrowed money from friends and then left the country quietly, leaving the money lender high and dry. By about 49-50, almost everything was settled on both sides. The conditions in Lahore and Karachi had stabilised considerably for film making and lots of opportunities existed for film artistes there by mid 50s. That led to a second wave of migration to Pakistan at that time. Those who had continued in India completed their assignments here and went to Pakistan.

This type of Migration continued till almost mid 60s, when actor Kumar, MD Naashaad, producer actor Shaikh Mukhtar etc migrated to Pakistan. For the lucky ones, the talented ones and those who had preexisting ties in Pakistan sustained, prospered and were happy, but a few artistes suffered heavily. Once a popular Heroine, Meena Shorey, one of the most handsome actors of his times-Najmul Hasan and the hopeful Shaikh Mukhtar spent their last days in utter neglect, penury, disillusionment and sorrow. Actors like Noor Mohammed Charlie regretted their decision to migrate, but it was too late.
One of the later migrants was NASHAD, music director,who shifted in 1963 or so.

NASHAD was born as Shaukat Haidari,in Delhi,on 11-7-1923. He completed his schooling in Delhi, where he learnt playing the flute. He came to Bombay and worked as assistant/helper to many composers, learning to play different instruments. He even worked as assistant to Ghulam Haider and Naushad.

He was one composer who used several names to give music. His first film was Dildar in 1947. He used the name Shaukat Dehlavi for Dildar-47, Paayal-48, Suhagi-48, Dada-49, Ghazab-51 and Ram Bharose-51. He was Shaukat Hussain Dehlavi for Jeene do-48, Shaukat Ali for Toote Tarey-48 and Shaukat Haidari for Aiye-49.

He was considered a mediocre composer in India. Then one day he was called by producer Nakshab Jarchvi,who offered him a film,with a condition that he changed his name to Nashad. He accepted the offer and used the name Nashad throughout his life. After him his 15 children too used Nashad as their surname.

Nakshab Jarachavi wanted to make a film. Those days Naushad was the Top composer. Films were sold on his name. Naushad worked only for Top banners. Nakshab approached him and offered his film. Naushad scornfully said,” Hum kisi aire gaire ki film ko music nahi detey”. This infuriated Nakshab no end and he challenged Naushad that he will make another Naushad in the industry. He called the comparatively less known but talented Shaukat Haidari,changed his name to NASHAD (to resemble Naushad’s name) and gave him the film.

Nashad, on his part, tried very hard and gave the music to film Naghma. It was,though not like Nashad’s standard, but excellent songs were there and the film became a hit due to its music. Unfortunately, Nashad could not repeat his success again ever in India. As Nashad he gave music to 21 films (total 30 films),like Bara Dari, Bada Bhai, Naghma, Char chaand, Kaatil Jawab, Sabse bada Rupiah, Rooplekha, Darwaza etc

Nashad gave their first hindi movie singing breaks to Mubarak begum, Suman Kalyanpur and Sabita Banerjee.

His friend Nakshab Jarachavi had migrated to Pakistan after 1947 and was making films there. He called Nashad to Pakistan as a composer for his film Maikhana-64 (after his film Fanoos also crashed at the Box office in Pakistan). Nashad accepted his offer. Before leaving , Nashad married singer Premlata and both went to Pakistan. His first film became a major hit and Nashad was on top. He gave music to 64 films in Pakistan.

Nashad died in Lahore on 3-1-1981.

While in India, Nashad was always accused of plagiarism, to which he answered through an interview to Filmfare, dated 5th August 1955, ( Thanks to Cineplot) thus….

” Although no one says it to my face, I know that there is a section in the film industry who decry my music as “a rehash of familiar tunes.”
This amounts to a charge of plagiarism.

I have no defense, no apology, to offer, except to say that, if I am a plagiarist, I am one unconsciously.
With only seven main notes, six ragas, thirty-six raginis and seventy-two sub-raginis, every “new” musical composition is bound to sound familiar in places.
Try to hum any popular film composition of today and then cast back your mind. Make a careful search for a parallel and you will easily find one in some celebrated songs of yesterday.

I believe in popular music, music which people will like, humming and singing it in their homes—in moments of joy or sorrow. I try my-best to keep my compositions free from complicated “alaps,” “tans” and those notational cascades which the man-in-the­-street (who has no musical training) cannot easily remember and hum.

Film music, to be good and popular, must always be the result of team-work. The ego of the music-director as well as that of the lyric-writer needs to be suppressed completely, even to the extent of accepting suggestions from everyone in the unit.

In the music of one of my forthcoming films, the appeal of the songs owes much to suggestions made by the producer and mem­bers of his staff. One of the tunes owes its origin to an air I heard the office-boy humming!

The producer was no professional musician, but I discarded two of my best tunes to fit in a completely different third one based on his suggestions.
I am glad that I do not live in an ivory tower and am not deaf to the music of ordinary people, I say to myself : “If this is the kind of music they love, it is absurd to give them a high-brow composition. Both in rhythm and structure, I stick rigorously to what is popular, even at the sacrifice of my own preferences.

Such film music can be planned scientifically and with precision. My first job usually is to sit with the director and determine the musical “situations”. Once these are agreed upon, I start composing the melodies, in harmony with the “mood” of those situa­tions. Then the lyricist writes the words of the approved tune.

After the song has been recorded, our work is ended and it now depends on the director to make or mar it in his picturisa­tion of it. This, indeed, is a hurdle all film music must take.

Everyone has listened to film songs which sound good on the radio, yet have been “murdered” by poor picturisation. Every­one, too, has heard songs which on the air have sounded mediocre and of no particular merit, yet have been things of beauty in the film—thanks to clever directorial work. A really good song, given to a good director to picturise, seldom fails to go over in a big way with the public.

It is thus necessary for a music director to be careful in signing his contracts. It is important to him to make sure that the film for which he is employed to provide music will be directed by a competent man, so that not only are his songs not “murdered” in transcription to the screen but any possible shortcomings in them are glossed over by good picturisation.

Consequently I have always studied the directors of the films for which I am to provide music. One knows that one’s songs are safe with them and gain in appeal from attractive picturisation.

To these men, too, my tunes often sound “vaguely familiar”! But, then, what tune doesn’t ?
With only seven notes, six ragas, thirty-six raginis—but we’ve just gone over that! ”

Film Suhagi-48 had a starcast of Begum Para, Manorama, Sadiq Ali, Badri prashad, Jilloobai, Abu Bakar etc. The word Suhagi means ‘ Lucky ‘. However the name benefit does not seem to be got by the film, as it was not a famous or popular film.

I have no idea about the story of this film. From its ad.s in Film India, I guess the story was about a family’s bahu who is Lucky after marriage. Today’s song is sung by Rajkumari. With this song, film Suhagi-48 makes its Debut on our Blog.


Song-Aag dil mein lagaaye baithe hain (Suhagi)(1948) Singer- Raj Kumari Dubey, Lyricist- Not known, MD- Shaukat Dehalvi

Lyrics

Aag dil mein lagaye baithe hain
Aag dil mein lagaye baithe hain
apni duniya aa aa aa
apni duniya lutaayye baithhe hain
haaye
Aag dil mein lagaye baithe hain

haaye majbooriyaan
haaye majbooriyaan muhabbat ki
haaye majbooriyaan muhabbat ki
unko apna banaaye baithhe hain
apni duniya lutaayye baithhe hain
haaye
Aag dil mein lagaye baithe hain

toone kya kya aa aa
kya kya
toone kya kya sitam kiye hum par r
toone kya kya sitam kiye hum par r
yaad hai par bhulaaye baithhe hain
apni duniya lutaayye baithhe hain
haaye
Aag dil mein lagaye baithe hain

ashq aankhon mein hai
haaye ae
ashq aankhon mein hai
labon pe se haan
labon pe se haan
aan aan
dard dil mein dabaaye baithhe hain
dard dil mein dabaaye baithhe hain
haaye
aag dil mein lagaaye baithhe hain
aag dil mein lagaaye baithhe hain aen aen


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4560 Post No. : 16171

The blog ten year challenge series is in progress in the blog since 2019. The current blog ten year challenge (2011-2021) has not yet picked up steam because very few songs were discussed during the initial days of 2010. That year even had a few DOT days during the first few days of the year.

This day ten year ago (viz 20 january 2010) saw just one song getting discussed, and that one song was from “Anjaan”(1956). This movie cannot be taken up for Blog Ten year challenge today because the movie has already been YIPPEED.

So what to do ? “Anjaan”(1956) may have been YIPPEED in the blog, but “Anjaan”(1941) is not. So let me discuss a song from “Anjaan”(1941) today. 🙂

“Anjaan”(1941) was directed by Amiya Chakraborty for Bombay Talkies Limited, Bombay. The movie had Devika Rani, Ashok Kumar, V H Desai, Girish, Suresh, P F Pithawala, Gulab, Fatty Prasad, Yusuf Suleman, Saiyyad Mukhtar, David, Reva, baby Madhuri, Arun Kumar, Ibnul Hasan, Bachan Lal Dixit, Om Prakash, Tarun Kumar, Bhargavi etc in it.

The movie had ten songs in it. Three songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the fourth song from “Anjaan”(1941) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Rajkumari. Kavi Pradeep is the lyricist. Music is composed by Pannalal Ghosh.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knoledgeable readers to thro light on the picturisation of the song.

PS-Our regular visitor Ammj Wijesiriwardene points out that the video of the song is available. From the video, we see that the song is picturised as a stage performance song where one lady, flanked by two others, lip syncs this song and that is performed by their dance accompanied by a dholak player, as this performance is watched by a housefull audience in a haveli. I request our knowledgeable readers to help identify the actors seen in the picturisation.

Audio

video

Song-Chhalko chhalko na ras ki gagaariya(Anjaan)(1941) Singer-Rajkumari, Lyrics-Kavi Pradeep, MD-Pannalal Ghosh

Lyrics

chhalko chhalko na ras ki gagariya
chhalko chhalko na ras ki gagariya
mori panghat pe bheeje chunariya
ho
mori panghat pe bheeje chunariya
chhalko chhalko na ras ki gagariya
mori panghat pe bheeje chunariya
ho
mori panghat pe bheeje chunariya

aayi peene pilaane ki bela
haan aayi peene pilaane ki bela
haan aaj panghat pe pyaaso nka mela
haan aayi peene pilaane ki bela
haan aaj panghat pe pyaason ka mela
dekho laage na mohe najariya
haan dekho laage na mohe najariya
dekho dekho na laage najariya
haan mori panghat pe bheeje chunariya
haan mori panghat pe bheeje chunariya
chhalko chhalko na ras ki gagariya
mori panghat pe bheeje chunariya
haan mori panghat pe bheeje chunariya


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4563 Post No. : 16160

“Ghar” (1945) was a Sunrise Production movie. It was directed by V M Vyas. The movie had Jamuna, Nawab, Molina, Yakub, Kalyani, Dulari, Iftikar, W. M. Khan, Mohan, Mirza Musharaff etc in it.

Three songs from this movie have been discussed in the past.

Here is the fourth song from “Ghar”(1945) to appear in the blog. This rare song is sung by Rajkumari. Roopbani is the lyricist. Music is composed by A R Qureshi.

Only the audio of this melancholic song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Meri aankhon ke aansoo (Ghar)(1945) Singer-Rajkumari, Lyrics-Roopbani, MD-A R Qureshi

Lyrics

Meri aankhon ke aansoo
meri aankhon ke aansoo
aankhon mein hi so jaao
haan haan so jaao
meri aankhon ke aansoo
meri aankhon ke aansoo
aankhon mein hi so jaao
haan haan so jaao
duniyaa aa
duniya kahin badnaam na kar de
haan badnaam na kar de
meri aankhon ke aansoo
meri aankhon ke aansoo
aankhon mein hi so jaao
haan haan so jaao

vidhwa hai tu
tera ujda suhaag
vidhwa hai tu
tera ujda suhaag
tujhe hansna bhi paap
tujhe rona bhi paap
tujhe hansna bhi paap
tujhe rona bhi paap
aap na rowo
na hamko rulaao
na hamko rulaao
aap na rowo
na hamko rulaao
na hamko rulaao
meri aankhon ke aansoo
meri aankhon ke aansoo
aankhon mein hi so jaao
haan haan so jaao

poori ??
bani suhaagan
poori ??
bani suhaagan
ho gayi vidhwa
main abhaagan
choodiyaan tooti
aur kesar bikhra
choodiyaan tooti
aur kesar bikhra
meri aankhon ke aansoo
meri aankhon ke aansoo
aankhon mein hi so jaao
haan haan so jaao

koi nahin jo dewe dilaasa
koi nahin jo bandhaa de aasha
vidhwa vidhwa naam hai mera aa
aansoo peena kaam hai mera aa
dharti mujhe marne nahin deti
duniya mujhe jeene nahin deti
kaise kaatoon dukhiyaa jeewan
Bhagwaan mujhe batlaao
Bhagwaan mujhe batlaao o
meri aankhon ke aansoo
meri aankhon ke aansoo
aankhon mein hi so jaao
haan haan so jaao


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4476 Post No. : 15978

Today’s song is from the film Village Girl aka Gram Kanya-1936.

Nine years later, Ramnik Productions made another film with the same title in 1945 with the famous singer Noorjehan singing under the baton of Melody maker music director Shyamsundar. So, when the name Village Girl is mentioned, one’s mind thinks only of the 1945 film of Noorjehan- Village Girl aka Gaon ki Gori-45.

The 1936 film was made by Sagar Movietone. Though Sagar made Talkie films right from the first year of the Talkie era-1931, their films did not make much mark in the film world, till Motilal and Sabita Devi pair came on the scene in 1934 end with ” Shehar ka jaadu”. The new pair clicked famously and Sagar became a name to reckon with. This successful pair did 8 films together for Sagar.

During this period actor singer Surendra came on the scene with his film ” Deccan Queen”-1936, with Aruna Devi. The two Heros then worked with different Heroines of Sagar company. While Motilal worked with Shobhana Samarth, Bibbo, Maya Banerjee and Rose, Sabita Devi worked with Kumar and Surendra. Both Motilal and Surendra came together in the film Jagirdar-36. For the young pair of Surendra and Sabita Devi, film Village Girl was the first film together. They did only one more film together- For Ladies Only-39. Both the films were directed by Sarvottam Badami.

S.Badami is an example of what the Cinema industry is. For some, it is a ditch which destroys the entrant and for a few lucky ones it plays ” Philosopher’s Stone (Paras)”, which turns their lives into Gold. He is one of the two examples, where an ordinary Motor Mechanic makes it as a famous member of the cinema industry. Besides Badami, the other such example is Poet-Director Gulzar (Sampooran Singh Kalra), who was also a Motor Mechanic.

Sarvottam Badami was born in 1910 at Channapatna in Karnataka,to a revenue officer working in Mysore. He passed his SSLC and worked as a garage mechanic and then a projectionist in Select Picture House, Bangalore, both of which were owned by Dr. Ambalal Patel. Patel moved to Bombay and financed Ardeshir Irani of Imperial Film Company, and Chimanlal Desai as a partner forming Sagar Movietone in 1930.
At the age of 19 years, Badami went to Bombay to study automobile engineering. He was asked by Ardeshir Irani who met him at a wedding to help out with the recording equipment he had purchased from abroad.

Badami helped in the sound recording department for the first Talkie in India, Ardeshir Irani’s Alam Ara (1931). Around that time a German director making the film Harishchandra left half-way and Badami offered to complete it, the co-director was Raja Chandrasekhar, although the co-director credit has also been cited as T. C. Vadivelu Naicker. The film turned out to be successful. He was contracted by Sagar Movietone (Sagar Film Company) to direct three films, two in Telugu and one in Tamil: Galava Rishi (Tamil), Rama Paduka Pattabhishekam and Shakuntala in Telugu. The success of these films established him as a director. His working team had people like the cinematographer Faredoon Irani, music director Anil Biswas and the Sagar Movietone favourites Sabita Devi and Motilal.

Initially, to avoid embarrassment to his family he requested not to be credited in the regional language films. He did not know Hindi but from 1932-1947, he worked for Sagar Movietone and also directed nearly 30 films in Hindi, for many others. His first Hindi film was Chandrahasa (1933) starring Noor Mohammed Charlie. He was paid Rs 2000 per film with the complete film being made within Rs 50,000. He worked with most of the top actors of the time like Motilal, Nargis, Ashok Kumar and Pahari Sanyal. He brought Mehboob Khan who was then doing roles as an extra out of obscurity and gave him the role of Sabita Devi’s father in the film Vengeance is mine(1935).

He made several films based on novels. Some of the writers whose work he used were K.M.Munshi, Sarat Chandra and Ramanlal Vasanthlal Desai. The film Aap ki Marzi (1939) was inspired by the Hollywood film Paradise for Three (1938). He became known for his satirical comedies and “socially relevant films”.His film Grihalaxmi (1934), which starred Jal Merchant and Sabita Devi had the woman getting into marriage only if her doctor husband agreed not to want children. The success of the film mitigated the enraged public reaction at the time.

He showed his understanding of media publicity required for films when in 1937, Badami resorted to woo audiences by announcing cash prizes of Rs.500, Rs.200 and Rs.100 for the best reviews of his newly released film Kulvadhu (1937). The promotional gambit worked sending audiences to the theatres. According to an interview, most of Badami’s films didn’t survive as the negatives were burnt to extract the silver from the silver nitrate.

After Aap ki Marzi-38, he followed his mentor, Dr. Patel and joined Sudama Pictures, when in 1939, Sagar Movietone merged into National Films. Badami

also worked in Famous Cine Laboratories, from 46 to 48.

Apparently, in 1948 Deputy Prime Minister Vallabh bhai Patel, who was then also in charge of the Information Ministry, on a visit to the Cine Laboratories Bombay, asked Badami to help set up a Newsreel and Documentary section. The Films Division was established in 1948. He became chief producer in the newsreel department and made several documentaries. He worked in the Films Division making documentaries from 1948-1952. After that he stopped making films and returned to Bangalore to retire as “I was a forgotten man in the feature film world”. He became an industrialist by starting a manufacturing business. Later he worked as a Consultant for Kamani Group of Industries also. He died in 2005 in Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

FILMOGRAPHY: 1932: Harishchandra; Galava Rishi; Paduka Pattabhishekham; Shakuntala; 1933: Chandrahasa; 1934: Grihalakshmi; 1935: Dr. Madhurika; Vengeance is Mine; 1936: Jeevan Lata; Grama Kanya; 1937: Kokila; Kulavadhu; 1938: Three Hundred Days and After; 1939: Aap Ki Marzi; Ladies Only; 1940: Chingari; Sajani; 1941: Holiday in Bombay; 1942: Khilona; 1943: Prarthana; 1944: Bhagya Lakshmi; 1945: Ramayani; 1946: Uttara Abhimanyu; 1947: Manmani; 1951: Vinoba Bhave (Doc);1952: Roof over the head

(Ack: Sapnon ke saudagar by Vithal Pandya, Sagar Movietone by Biren Kothari, HFGK, muVyz, Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, and my notes)

The cast of the film was Sabita Devi, Surendra, Yakub, Aruna, Kayam Ali, Sankatha Prasad and many others. The film’s story was written by Dr. Jayant Shyama. The story is about a young man Kumar (Surendra) who loves Vilasini (Aruna), but has to marry Bansari (Sabita Devi) due to family obligations. The film shows the complications in their lives.

Kumar’s father (Sankatha Prasad) has taken a loan from sheth Dinanath (Kayam Ali) for Kumar’s education, on condition of Kumar’s marriage to his daughter Bansuri. Unknown to this precondition, Kumar falls in love and impregnates Vilasini. Due to parental obligations, Kumar is forced to marry Bansuri and abandon Vilasini. As the days pass by, Kumar’s father gets killed accidentally by Kumar himself. Vilasini tries to take the blame on herself. In the court the truth comes out and Bansuri comes to know about her love and pregnancy from Kumar. Bansuri frees Kumar from her bond and the lovers unite.

Now we come to the Music riddles of this film. The film, as mentioned in the book “Sagar Movietone” by Shri Biren Kothari ji gives the name of Bhaskar Rao as its Music Director and also for film ‘ Captain Kirti Kumar-37’. Who is this Bhaskar Rao ? A. Bhaskar Rao was a writer ( Aadmi-39) and asstt. Director(Padosi-41) in Prabhat. Hailing from south Karnataka, Amembal Bhasker Rao’s elder brother A.Sunder Rao was an expert Harmonium player. His younger brother A. Dinkar Rao aka D. Amel, was with A.I.R. as a Musician for 40 years. A.Bhasker Rao was a Tabla player and a disciple of Master krisna Rao Phulambrikar.

However, HFGK gives the name of MD as only ” Rao”. The uploader of the song claims that the MD is Shankar Rao Khatu. Dr. Ashok Ranade, in his book “Music beyond Boundaries”, on page 342, mentions the name as Shankar Rao Khatu. I wrote to Shri Girdharilal Vishwakarma ji, who says it is Shankar rao khatu. Now, this Khatu was a famous Bhajan singer. He had dabbled in films too by acting in film Vasant Sena-34, sang a song in film ” Khwabon ki duniya-37″ and gave music to film Sagar kanya-36. In all these films his name appears as Shankar Rao Khatu and nowhere as only “Rao”. I feel this confirms that Rao does not mean Shankar Rao Khatu. In western India like Maharashtra and Gujarat, people from Karnatak or southern states are referred to only as Rao. All these pointers take me to feel that the MD is A.Bhaskar Rao. Moreover, for two successive Sagar films he was the MD.

PS-Shri Biren Kothari has subsequently clarified that the music director was Shankar Rao Khatu.

There is confusion about the singer also. HFGK lists the singer as Rajkumari. When I listened to the other songs of Rajkumari from the same film, I felt that this voice was different. Isuru kariyawasam, the Sinhalese expert on old Hindi films commented on YT that the singer is Sabita Devi. The uploader, Shalin Bhatt agrees to some extent about voice but insists on the name of Rajkumari. Girdharilalji claims it to be Rajkumari Calcuttewali ! I feel it is unlikely because Pullobai did not sing in any film outside Calcutta or films made by other than Calcutta producers. So I have gone the safe way by saying that Rajkumari is the singer of this song.

I request experts to opine. I am not a voice expert.


Song-Tum Tulsi maata pyaari (Village Girl)(1936) Singer-Rajkumari, Lyricist- Unknown, MD- Shankar Rao Khatu

Lyrics

Tulsi maata pyaari
tum Tulsi Maata pyaari
tum Tulsi Maata pyaari
sati ho dukh nivaari
tum devi sankathaari
sati ho dukh nivaari
tum devi sankathaari
sabke rog taaro tum
sabke rog taaro tum
jeewan nav ka taaro
sabke rog taaro tum
sabke rog taaro tum
jeewan nav ka taaro
Tulsi mata pyaari
tum Tulsi Mata pyaari

mahima sabne maani
mahima sabne maani
murli waala gun gaaya
mahima sabne maani
haan aan aan aan aan aan aan
mahima sabne maani
murli waala gun gaaya
murli waala gun gaaya
murli waala gun gaaya
poojan ko aayi daasi
poojan ko aayi daasi
vinti karat tori main
vinti karat tori main
vinti karat tori main
Tulsi maata pyaari
tum Tulsi Maata pyaari

sati ho dukh nivaari
tum devi sankathaari
sab ke rog taaro tum
sab ke rog taaro tum
sab ke rog taaro tum
jeewan nav ka taaro
jeewan nav ka taaro
Tulsi maata pyaari
tum Tulsi Mata pyaari


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day:

4359 Post No. : 15682

Today’s song is from the film Ismat-1944 – a Muslim Social film made by Fazli brothers. This film was directed by the younger brother Sibtain Fazli, making his Debut as a Director. This was the second film of Fazli brothers to be made in Bombay, after the earlier film Fashion-43 also made in Bombay. Prior to that, they began their film making from Calcutta. This was to avoid the possible hindrance from the Muslim fundamentalists in Bombay, who were against making films depicting Muslim social life. Their first such film was Qaidi-40, made at Calcutta. It was followed by Masoom-41 and Chauranghee-42-all at Calcutta. Then they shifted to Bombay.

Films with the Muslim background of Muslim Culture were quite common in India,right from the First ever Hindi Talkie, “Aalam Ara”-31. Not just Social but different Genres like Arabian Night stories,Historical Romance, Folk Tales, Adventure Tales, Religious stories, Common King and Queen stories, Costume dramas etc had Muslim backgrounds. Indian public audiences watched these films with interest and without any bias.

If you see the film production patterns, You will realise that the biggest film companies all over India also followed the pattern of making initial films with Muslim background. Take for example the very first year of talkie films. Out of 24 films made, 7 films were on Muslim background. After Aalam Ara, there was Abul Hasan, Shirin Farhad, Laila Majnu, Noorjehan etc in 1931. Prabhat film company made Ayodhya ka Raja in 1932, but same year, next film was Jalti Nishani-32, a Pseudo-Historical Muslim background movie.

In Calcutta, New Theatres made their first 3 Talkie films in Hindi on Muslim subjects. Mohabbat ke aansoo-a household story, Subah ka sitara-a Folk Tale and Zinda Laash- an Arabian Night story. In the 30s and 40s, most stunt and costume films were on Muslim cultures.

In the initial era, the Talkie films were dependent on Parsi Urdu and Gujarati theatre stories. Before films appeared in India, the main channel of entertainment was stage dramas. Theatres were active and popular mainly in Maharashtra, Bengal and Andhra. The regional drama companies used to have mostly Mythological topics for their dramas. They also used to tour quite a lot. But their sphere of activities was limited to their language areas. Marathi drama companies toured only in Maharashtra towns or where there was a sizable Marathi population, like Baroda, Gwalior or Indore etc. So, their audiences were limited.

Similarly, Bengal and Andhra drama companies also toured where Bangla or Telugu population was the main audience. It was only the Parsee Theatre companies, Alfred, Elphinston etc etc, which toured all over the country, performing their Urdu dramas. Many times these companies used to take whole special trains to travel with artistes and material. This earned them All India acceptance of Muslim themes, which translated into the films that were made initially. In this endeavour, major contribution was from drama writers like Agha Hashra kashmiri, Syed Yavar Ali, Munshi Nazir, Betab, kathawachak, Bekal, Ehsaan etc etc.

Some early Talkie films on Muslim subjects were, Naksh e Sulemani-33, Bahar e Sulemani-35, Naadira-34, Farz e ada-35, Mumtaz Begum-34, Rashida-35 (First Muslim Social film), Noor e yaman-35, Qismat ka shikar-34, Adil e Jahangir-34, Anarkali-35, Jahan Ara-35, Shamsheer e Arab-35 and many more.

Fazli Brothers were the pioneers in making Muslim Social films from 1940 onwards. They felt that due to certain shortcomings in Muslim community, their development is suppressed. Their attempt was to highlight these points like Lack of education, for example, in their films in the garb of entertainment. Filmmakers like the great Mehboob Khan too were keen on such films, because he earnestly wanted to help his community to improve their status in Indian society.

That is why he opted for a Muslim Social theme for his Firtst movie under his own banner,” Mehboob productions”. The film was ‘ Najma-43″. Mehboob featured A grade actors like Veena, Sitara, Ashok kumar, Kumar, Yaqub, Majid and others for his first film. Later on he made yet another Muslim social film,” Elaan”-47 which was much bolder and he expected some opposition from the Muslim Fundamentalists. That is why he had warned his actors – especially Munawwar Sultana- to be ready for any repercussions from their own people, after the film was released. He gave an option to her to quit the film for safety, but she showed total faith in him and stuck to her role in the film.

Film Ismat-44 ( the Google meaning of this word is Chastity or Modesty) was made by Fazli brothers on all this background. By now, with the experience of 4 such films behind them, they had captured the technique of making films with subtle messages to their community. In this film, the darker side of the Western Culture, particularly Divorce and Separation, was highlighted.

The story of the film was – Aslam (Nandrekar) and Ismat (Nargis) get married. They both are from good traditional Muslim families. Same day Shafi Anwar (Ghori) and Ishrat (Mehtab) too get married Both had tasted western culture and follow it merrily. in due course of time, the Eastern culture (Aslam/Ismat) couple is happy, but Western Culture couple (Anwar/Ishrat) can’t adjust or compromise and are divorced. Ishrat joins a Theatre company as a Dancer at a very good salary. Soon she becomes rich and famous.

Aslam goes to Bombay to look for a job and meets with an accident with Ishrat’s car. She takes him to her home and looks after him. In this accident, Aslam loses his memory and forgets about Ismat. One day Ismat and her brother see his photo with Ishrat in a newspaper. They learn everything about his accident and loss of memory etc.

Ismat goes to Bombay and works as a maid in Ishrat’s house. She tries to remind Aslam about his past, step by step. One day Ishrat discovers this and removes Ismat from the job. Dejected, Ismat sits down for nonstop prayer. After some time, due to its power, there is a storm, lightning and thunder. In this period, Aslam is affected and suddenly his memory comes back. He escapes from Ishrat’s home and returns to Ismat. Both get happily united again and Eatern Culture wins over Western Culture.

The Hero of this film was B. Nandrekar, whose name may not ring any bells in new generation readers. Many actors-males and females- shifted from silent films to Talkie films easily as they knew Urdu/Hindi language fluently. There was an actor who easily transitioned from silent films to talkie films. This was B Nandrekar or Baba Saheb Dada saheb Nandrekar.
Nandrekar was one of the very few really handsome actors Hindi films ever had. He was born on 15th November 1910, in Sangli district of Maharashtra, near Kolhapur. Being a Muslim, he could speak Urdu/Hindi fluently. He completed his schooling from Kolhapur and joined films. Vishnupant Damle (one of the founder partners of Prabhat Films) was making silent film ‘Maharathi Karna’ (1928) for Maharashtra Film Co. He offered Nandrekar a role. Then he worked in other films like ‘Baji Prabhu Deshpande’ (1929), ‘Lanka’ (1930), ‘Kismet’ (1931) and ‘Dushman Ki Raat’ (1931).

His first talkie film was ‘Kurukshetra’ (1933). Prabhat gave him a role in ‘Sant Tukaram’ (1936) (its Hindi version came in 1948). He worked in ‘Amar Jyoti’ (1936) and became quite popular as a hero, opposite Shanta Apte. He was the hero in ‘Baghbaan’ (1938) opposite Sitara Devi.

In 1939, he became the first actor to go abroad to shoot scenes in the film ‘Africa In Hind’ – ‘हिन्द में अफ्रीका’ (1939). The shooting was done in Africa. Thus this became the first ever Hindi film to shoot in foreign country, and NOT film ‘Naaz’ (1954), as is popularly believed and also as mentioned in HFGK. Nandrekar had become very popular. The chappals he used in the film ‘Baghbaan’ became fashionable by the name ‘Nandrekar Chappals‘. This alone is enough to prove his popularity.

His lawsuit against Prabhat Film Company was a topic of discussion in the industry. There were differences between him and Prabhat over his contract with them. His lawyers were Mr. Jinnah and Mr. Setalwad, who won the case for him. He was also the first actor to work as a freelancer.

Nandrekar appeared in 23 films. His films were ‘Kurukshetra’ (1933), ‘Amar Jyoti’ (1936), ‘Jaadugarin’ (1937) (UR), ‘Baghbaan’ (1938), ‘Africa In Hind’ (1939), ‘Qaidi’ (1940), ‘Hindustan Hamara’ (1940), ‘Alakh Niranjan’ (1940), ‘Chitralekha’ (1941), ‘Mamaji’ (1942), ‘Duniya Tumhari Hai’ (1942), ‘Nai Kahaani’ (1943), ‘Andhi Duniya’ (1943), ‘Swarn Bhoomi’ (1944), ‘Lady Doctor’ (1944), ‘Ismat’ (1944), ‘Bachpan’ (1945), ‘Kamla’ (1946), ‘Jeevan Sikho’ (1946), ‘Parshuram’ (1947), ‘Meri Amaanat’ (1947), ‘Khandani’ (1947), ‘Sant Tukaram’ (1948) and last film ‘Bihari’ (1948).

He passed away in 1949. No definite information is available about his demise.

Today’s song is sung by Rajkumari. It is composed by H P Sharma (2 songs), who was a co-MD of the film with his own elder brother Pt. Govardhan Prasad (5 songs). This is the third song from film Ismat-44 to feature on this Blog.

(Ack: Information is used, with thanks, from books – ‘ stages of life ‘ by Kathryn Hansen, ‘Muslim Cinema’ by Isak Mujawar, and ‘Forgotten movies on Muslim culture’ by Kamalakar P.)


Song-Badali hawa luti bahar rang-e- chaman bigad gaya (Ismat)(1944) Singer- Rajkumari Dubey Banraswali, Lyricist- Shams Lucknowi, MD- H P Sharma

Lyrics

Badli hawa luti bahaar
rang-e- chaman bigad gaya
phoool hanse to yoon hanse
daagh bhi gar nikal gaya

gham se badal gayi khushi
maut bani hai zindagi
saans mili to jaise ek
saans mili to jaise ek
teer(??) ka dil machal(?) gaya
saans mili to jaise ek
teer (??) ka dil machal(?) gaya

thahri hawa ko chhaanv ne
sharmo haya ko raat bhar
aah magar ghame sahar
aah magar ghame sahar
kaam bana bigad gaya
aah magar ghame sahar
kaam bana bigad gaya
badli hawa luti bahaar
range chaman bigad gaya
phool hanse to yoon hanse
daagh bhi gar nikal gaya


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4343 Post No. : 15646

—————————————————————————
Blog 10-Year Challenge (2010-2020) – Song No. 35
—————————————————————————

This date ten year ago, viz 8 June 2010 was a relatively prolific day by the then prevailing standards of the blog. As many as four songs were covered that day. Here are their details:

Song Movie title-Year Remarks
Nadi kinaare baithke aao Jaageerdaar (1937) 3 songs covered out of 10. The movie made its debut on this date.
Bhar bhar aayen ankhiyaan

Samrat Chandragupta (1958) The movie has been YIPPEED by now
Aapne yoon hi dillagi ki thi

Mehndi Lagi Mere Haath (1962) The movie has been YIPPEED by now
Aao jhoome gaayen

Paraaya Dhan(1971) The movie has been YIPPEED by now

One can see that four songs from four different decades were covered on 8 june 2010. It was my standard practice in the past to cover around six songs in a day, all belonging to different decades. This practice had become difficult to follow during the last months of 2009 and initial months of 2010 because of disruption due to my transfer. By June 2010, I was finally settled in Nagpur and I was trying to regain the glory days of the blog. And this date was the one when I perhaps decided to shift gears and press the accelerator.

It is to be noticed that the first song of the day was from the decade of 1930s. 1930s was the earliest decade of HFM. Songs of that decade were difficult to come by and so very few songs of that decade were covered by that time. Sudhir Jee has the details. According to him:

On 8th june 2010, the fiilm “Jaagirdaar” of 1937 had made its debut. It was the 690th day of the blog. “Jaagirdaar” was only the 11th film from the 1930s to appear on our blog. And the song was only the 19th song from that decade. Almost two years into this endeavor, and the blog had just scratched the surface of the decade of 1930s. Today that count stands at 210 films and 443 songs from the years 1931-1940. Just for additional information, the approximate total availability of the Hindi film songs of 1930s in public domain is in the range of around 1100.

So we have added considerably to the songs tally of 1930s in the blog and by now we have about 40 % of all available songs of 1930s in the blog.

Coming back to “Jaageerdaar”(1937), this movie was directed by Mehboob Khan for Sagar Film Company, Bombay. The movie had Surendra nath(B.A.L.L.B), Motilal, Bibbo, Maya Bannerjee, Ramchandra Marathe, Yaqoob, Pandey, Sankata, Ziya Sarhadi, Pesi Patel, Bhudho Advani, Mani, Jaaver Bhai Qaiser, Soli Kapadia, Miss Gulzar, Rajkumari etc in it.

The movie had ten songs in it. Three songs have been covered in the past. Here are the details of the three songs covered in the blog:-

S N Song Post number in blog Date of posting
1 Nadi kinaare baithke aao 2521 8-June-2010
2 Pujaari morey mandir mein aao 7951 22-April-2013
3 Baanke bihaari bhool na jaana 13656 14-October-2017

The movie made its debut on this date ten years ago. As “Blog ten year challenge”, here is another song from the movie. It is sung by Rajkumari. Zia Sarhadi is the lyricist. Music is composed by Anil Biswas.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of the song.

Lyrics of this song were sent to me by Prakashchandra.


Song-Auron ke kyun pag padta hai (Jaageerdaar)(1937) Singer-Rajkumari, Lyrics-Zia Sarhadi, MD-Anil Biswas

Lyrics (Provided by Prakashchandra)

auron ke kyun pag padta hai
auron ke kyun pag padta hai
aap lagaa de paa aaa aar
aap lagaa de paa aa aar
auron ke kyun pag padta hai
auron ke kyun pag padta hai
aap lagaa de paa aa aar
aap lagaa de paa aa aar

apni apni naiyyaa ke sab
apni apni naiyyaa ke sab
aap hain kewanhaa aa aar
aap hain kewanhaa aa aar
auron ke kyun pag padta hai
auron ke kyun pag padta hai
aap lagaa de paa aa aar
aap lagaa de paa aa aar

himmat haari sab kuchch haaraa aaa
himmat haari sab kuchch haaraa aaa
paayega jab tu na kinaaraa
paayega jab tu na kinaaraa
doob chukaa qismat ka taaraa
doob chukaa qismat ka taaraa
tujhse hai bezaa aa aar
tujhse hai bezaar
aan aan aan aan
apni apni naiyyaa ke sab
apni apni naiyyaa ke sab
aap hain kewanhaa aa aar
aap hain kewanhaa aa aar
auron ke kyun pag padta hai
auron ke kyun pag padta hai
aap lagaa de paa aa aar
aap lagaa de paa aa aar


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4341 Post No. : 15642 Movie Count :

4308

Today’s song is from the film Dr.Kumar-44. It was a film made by Minerva Movietone and it was directed by a multi faceted debutante, Kishore Sharma. I tried hard to find out information about Kishore Sharma and I was pleased to get a full page article, with photos, on Kishore Sharma, somewhere on the Internet. But when I started reading it, I realised that this person was a different one. Born in the mid 1950s, he was a well known Punjabi film actor. I was not only disappointed, but I also got a hearty laugh, that a person who writes on different artistes causing the ” same name confusions”, got confused himself with a same name actor ! Ha Ha !!

Film Dr. Kumar’s Kishore Sharma started directing films with this film and went on to direct 4 more films, namely Zanjeer-47, Middle Fail-48, Biwi-50 and Shisham-52. As per CITWF, he seems to have worked as an actor also, in Shriman Satyavadi-60, Ek din ka Badshah-64 and Lal Bungla-66. I also found his name as an assistant to Music Director Usha Khanna for the film Achha Bura-1983. That was the end of his information for me.

The film industry in Mumbai is truly a Maya Nagari. people from all over India flock to this city, with a hope to make a career in films. Not all succeed. In fact, most fail and few lucky ones only make it – some with struggle, some with ” useful connections” and yet some with sheer Luck. This has been going on since films started being made here. All the studios used to hire hefty, strong Pathans at their studio gates to ward off the hopefuls as well as those who wanted to have a look at their favourite stars.

While 99.99 % Film people wanted to join the film line, there were 0.01 % people who got into films without even dreaming about it. Difficult to believe ? But it is 100 % true. We will see some cases.

This is the story of a young man named Ramnarayan Venkat Sarma, from Madras. He was highly educated. He was B.A.,M.Litt in Carnatic music and Dance. He was also a research fellow for his Ph.D. He was Managing Editor of the magazine ” Natyam”. He had also learnt Fencing (sword fighting) as a hobby. He participated in some drama staged by his college. Mr. Kittoo, an employee of Gemini Studio attended that programme. Impressed with Ramnarayan, he informed director Raghavachari, the next day at the studio. They went immediately to visit his home early next day, but at a nearby Bus stop, Kittoo saw Ramnarayan in the Bus Queue. They called him and took him to the studio, where he was offered a role of Gautam Budha in a Tamil film, ” Ashok kumar’-1941. Surprised, Ramnarayan accepted it. He was billed as R.Ramani, B.A. in the film. He was given his new film name by Jiten Banerjee of Newtone Studios. And thus RANJAN became a Hero in more than 50 films !

From the late 30s to late 50s, actor singer Parshuram was a known name. He too entered films by chance. His father was very poor. He brought him to Bombay. One day his father carried him on his shoulders, while crossing the Gokhale bridge in Dadar. Parshuram, as was his habit, started singing. A person followed them for quite some time and then stopped them. After usual enquiries, that person – V.Shantaram – asked the father to leave Parshuram in his custody at Prabhat Studios to make him an actor in films. Thus Parshuram grew up in Prabhat and acted in several films there.

The original natural actor Motilal had gone to Sagar studios to watch the film shooting, with a friend. Director K P Ghosh saw him and offered him a Hero’s role in films. Motilal, having lost the chance to join the Navy due to sudden illness, was surprised to no end, but agreed and history was created.

There are other examples like Meena Shorey, or Sarvottam Badami or Ashok Kumar and a few more cases. Why I related all this was to stress the point that Fate can get you anywhere, whether you try for it, do not dream for it, or even are forced to opt for it – like actress Rajkumari Shukla. In the decade of the 40s, the name of Rajkumari Shukla, was quite well known for motherly or side roles. She did not join films by choice, but for making a living, she was forced by circumstances to join films and she made a successful career here.

Raj Kumari Shukla was born in a well-known Brahmin family in Calcutta in 1903. Her own life has been quite tragic. She had to join the film industry not so much because of personal choice, but due to tragic personal circumstances. Like most young girls from Indian families, this virtuous lady, well-versed in household chores, got married. But her family life after marriage proved to be extremely unhappy — so much so that one day her husband gave her a brutal beating and drove her from his house.

Finding no refuge anywhere, she went to Jagannath Puri (in Orissa) and lived there in an ashram. Gradually, her family history and marital problems became known to one of the priests there, and he informed her parents. Her elder sister then brought her back to her house.

One theatre actor known locally as Gujarati Baba used to live nearby. Sometimes, she would get some theatre passes from him and go to local theatres to see some plays. This not only helped her to forget her unhappy past but also kindled in her young heart the desire to act in plays. The Gujarati Baba then persuaded her to adopt acting as a profession. Accordingly, in 1933, she joined Maadan Theatre and began her career as a leading lady, Film-goers of those days can still recall her “Hilaali abroo, Tez aankhen, Kushada peshani aur siaah zulfen”. She excelled in emotional roles.

Starting her career in silent films, she came into her own with the advent of “Talkies”. Apart from Maadan Theatre, she worked for other film companies too. Her memorable films included “Intezaar”, “Zevar”, “Jagat Mohini”, “Far’yaad”, “Chaandni”, “Sharda”, “Panghat”, Tulsi”, “Swami, “Ek Raat”, “Man Ki Jeet”, “School Master”, Dulhan”, “Badalti Duniya”, “Aankh Micholi”, “Raj Nartaki”, “Jhoola” and “Najma”. She now acted more as a character artiste and vamp. Her realistic emoting in such negative roles makes the audiences shiver in revulsion. Her roles in films like “Ek Raat”, “Swami”, “Jhoola”, “Far’yaad” and “Dulhan” have been specially appreciated by film-goers.

She was only an actor and not a singer. She acted in 31 Talkie films. She also worked in few Gujarati and Bangla films. Her last recorded Hindi film was Nai Maa-46. She did sing just one song in her career. That was in the film Panghat-43. It was a duet with Baby Tara. At her times, the other more famous actress-singer Rajkumari Dubey Banaraswali was also very active. In few films both acted, but the songs were only by Rajkumari Dubey Banaraswali. There were two more Rajkumaris also. One was Rajkumari Calcuttewali and another was from south, T.R.Rajkumari. Their details have been described earlier and also in my book” Forgotten artists….”. (Information for the above has been taken from Urdu book,”Filmi Titlian”published in 1945, and Film Directory, with thanks.)

The cast of the film Dr. Kumar-44 mentions a name Najma. She was comparatively a newcomer into films Her real name was Naseem. Since there was already a Naseem (Bano) in Hindi films, she took the screen name of Najma. She was born in 1928, at Lahore, to Abdul Rasheed and Mariyam. Her father was a businessman. Theirs was a respectable fairly well to do family. Though she was not much educated, she was fluent in reading, writing and speaking Urdu and English. She was fond of reading books. She learnt Music and Dance.

Being a good looking girl, at the age of 14, she made a Debut in film Kunwara Baap-1942, a film made by Acharya Art productions of Director N R Acharya. Next was also a film from Acharya – Uljhan-42. She started getting films quickly and acted in Gharonda-43, Nai Zindagi-43, Dr. Kumar-44, Piya Milan-45, Naseeb-45, Chehera-46, Haqdaar-46, Kasam-47 and her last film in India-Parwana-47. Her career in India was short and she did only 11 films, but she acted in major Heroes of her times.

After Partition she migrated to Lahore. In Pakistan, she acted in its first film Teri Yaad-48, with Nasir khan and Asha Posley and the first Hit film Hichkoley-49. After this film, she got married to director Daud Chand, retired from films and raised a family. She died on 6-12-1983 at Lahore.

Today’s song is sung by Rajkumari Dubey Banaraswali. It is a good song. It is composed by the veteran composer Sarswati Devi, who left Bombay Talkies in 1942 – same time when a splinter, disgruntled group led by S.Mukherjee left Bombay Talkies to start Filmistan in 1942. Saraswati devi did not join them, she became a Freelancer. Actually, Dr. Kumar was her first film after leaving Bombay Talkies. With today’s song, film Dr. Kumar makes its Debut on the Blog.


Song-Ae kismat bata kya bigaada hai tera (Dr Kumar)(1944) Singer-Rajkumari Dubey, Lyricist- Gaafil Harnalvi, MD- Saraswati Devi

Lyrics

Ae ae ae kismat
bata aa kya aa
bigaada hai tera

ae kismat bata kya bigaada hai tera
chaman kyon kiya toone barbaad mera
ae kismat bata kya bigaada hai tera
chaman kyon kiya toone barbaad mera

ruki meri us waqt rangeen duniya aa aa
ruki meri us waqt rangeen duniya
muhabbat ka jab ho raha thha sawera
muhabbat ka jab ho raha thha sawera

tadapti hain aahen ae ae ae ae
tadapti hain aahen
ubalte hain aansoo
tadapti hain aahen
ubalte hain aansoo
kahaan jaaoon
chaaron taraf hai andhera
kahaan jaaoon
chaaron taraf hai andhera

ye mushqil hai
main aen
dil ko dil se bhulaa doon
ho o o
ye mushqil hai
main dil ko dil se bhulaa doon
ke jis dil mein hai zindagi ka basera
ke jis dil mein hai zindagi ka basera
ae kismat bata kya bigaada hai tera
chaman kya kiya toone barbaad mera
ae kismat bata
ae kismat bata
ae kismat bataa aa


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4271 Post No. : 15502 Movie Count :

4272

Today, 28th March, is the remembrance day of another famous creator of musical melodies who has given us some of the most charming songs rooted in the classical music of our country. Shrinath Tripathi or SN Tripathi, passed away, this day in 1988 in Bombay, at the age of 75.

Regulars will remember the film ‘Achhoot Kanya’ (1936), and the iconic song “Main Ban Ki Chidiya Ban Ke Ban Ban Boloon Re”, so wonderfully composed by Saraswati Devi, and rendered by Ashok Kumar and Devika Rani, In an interview once, Ashok Kumar had described how this song was prepared. He was a novice at that time, and not a trained singer. He says that this song was rehearsed for almost a month before Saraswati Devi was satisfied enough to proceed to the recording room. The main stumbling notes for Ashok Kumar and for Devika Rani were the enhanced emphasis on “. . .Boloon Re” and “. . .Doloon Re”. Ashok Kumar narrates that it took him and Devika Rani one full month to render this emphasis to the satisfaction of the music director. A lesser known trivia attached to this anecdote is that SN Tripathi was the assistant music director for this film, and he conducted these rehearsals with the singers for the said one month.

Born in Benaras on 14th March, 1913, young Shrinath got associated quite early with Badriprasad, who was also from Benaras. [Note: Yes, the same Badriprasad whom we are more familiar as a character actor / music director / dance director / story and dialogue writer in Hindi films.] Badriprasad was already associated with the theatre scene in Benaras. Shrinath started to assist him with composing music for the stage plays, according to the scene and action on stage. In the company of Badriprasad, he also got wonderful opportunities to meet and listen to many other artists of classical music, vocal and instrumental, as part of the active cultural environment in the city.

Later, Badriprasad made his way to Calcutta and joined the theatre activities there, and eventually moved to films, and thence migrated to Bomabay (now Mumbai). Shrinath came to Lucknow and joined the Morris College of Music. That is where he met with Himanshu Rai and Devika Rani, who had come scouting for music talent for their production house – Bombay Talkies. They invited Shrinath to Bombay, and he joined them as a violinist and and assistant in the music department. The year would have been 1933 or 34, as his first credits are as the assistant music director for the 1934 film ‘Jeevan Naiya’.

He remained with Bombay Talkies till the release of film ‘Bhabhi’ in 1938. The he struck out, seeking assignments as an independent music director. His first break was with the film ‘Chandan’, which was apparently delayed and got released in 1941. There started a career that continued till the mid 1980s. His last film was ‘Mahasati Tulsi’ (1985). From the mid 1960s to mid 1980s, his assignments dwindled quiet a bit. The musical tastes were changing more towards orchestral and western style tunes. He got confined to religious films and regional films. Coming into the 1980s, he did only 3 films from 1981 to 1985.

As happens usually, the industry stopped paying any attention and his last years were spent in financial difficulties. He left this world after a brief illness, in 1988.

The film ‘Choodiyaan’ was released in 1942. The film was produced under the banner of Prakash Pictures and was directed by KJ Parmar and LJ Bhatt. The cast of actors included Prem Adeeb, Maya Bannerji, Jeevan, Shakir, Gulab, Bholaram, Meher Sultana, Baby Tara, Ranibala, Sitaram, Chiman Seth, Lakshmi, Vasant Kanse, Athawale, OP Sharma amongst others.

The film had eleven songs written by five lyricists – Pt Indra, prem Adib, Ramesh Gupta, Sharma and Tiwari. This song is written by Tiwari. My intuition says that the full name of this song writer is Neelkanth Tiwari. The time period is the same. His career also begins from 1941.

The song is rendered by Rajkumari (Rajkumari Dubey). The song presents a generic ode to the jewllery item ‘choodi’ (bangle). The song presents a  brief description about its construction, and its importance. The beauty of the song is that it is presented as a first person i,.e. the bangle itself is presenting this song. Given that the name of the film is ‘Choodiyaan’, this song might well have been the theme song of the film, and quite possibly may have been played at the time of credits. I request more knowledgeable readers to please add more information about this song and it picturization.

With this song, the film ‘Choodiyaan’ makes its debut on our blog. 🙂

[Note: There is one word in the lyrics that I seek help from readers to decipher. It is in the second antaraa. I request other readers and friends with keener ears to please help.]

Song – Choodi Hoon Main, Ek Kahaani Hoon Main (Choodiyaan) (1942) Singer – Rajkumari, Lyrics – Tiwari, MD – SN Tripathi

Lyrics

choodi hoon main
ek kahaani hoon main
choodi hoon main
ek kahaani hoon main
naari ke
naari ke sukh ki nishaani hoon main
naari ke
naari ke sukh ki nishaani hoon main
choodi hoon main
ek kahaani hoon main

bana kaanch ka hai kada mera tan
bana kaanch ka hai kada mera tan
darpan sa nirmal hai par mera mann
darpan sa nirmal hai par mera mann
zara thhes pahunchi tadakti hoon main
zara thhes pahunchi tadakti hoon main
aisa hai naari ka komal ye mann
aisa hai naari ka komal ye mann
naari ke sapnon ki rani hoon main
naari ke sapnon ki rani hoon main
choodi hoon main
choodi hoon main
ek kahaani hoon main
naari ke
naari ke sukh ki nishaani hoon main
naari ke
naari ke sukh ki nishaani hoon main
choodi hoon main
ek kahaani hoon main

patli kalaai hai phoolon ki daal
patli kalaai hai phoolon ki daal
chidiya si us par chehakti hoon main
patli kalaai hai phoolon ki daal
chidiya si us par chehakti hoon main
pyaari ke yauwan ka main hoon basant
pyaari ke yauwan ka main hoon basant
preetam ke mann mein thhirakti hoon main
preetam ke mann mein thhirakti hoon main
laakhon baras ki jawaani hoon main
laakhon baras ki jawaani hoon main
choodi hoon main
choodi hoon main
ek kahaani hoon main
naari ke
naari ke sukh ki nishaani hoon main
naari ke
naari ke sukh ki nishaani hoon main
choodi hoon main
ek kahaani hoon main

——————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
——————————————

चूड़ी हूँ मैं
एक कहानी हूँ मैं
चूड़ी हूँ मैं
एक कहानी हूँ मैं
नारी के
नारी के सुख की निशानी हूँ मैं
नारी के
नारी के सुख की निशानी हूँ मैं
चूड़ी हूँ मैं
एक कहानी हूँ मैं

बना काँच का है कड़ा मेरा तन
बना काँच का है कड़ा मेरा तन
दर्पण सा निर्मल है पर मेरा मन
दर्पण सा निर्मल है पर मेरा मन
ज़रा ठेस पहुंची तड़कती हूँ मैं
ज़रा ठेस पहुंची तड़कती हूँ मैं
ऐसा नारी का कोमल ये मन
ऐसा नारी का कोमल ये मन
नारी के सपनों की रानी हूँ मैं
नारी के सपनों की रानी हूँ मैं
चूड़ी हूँ मैं
चूड़ी हूँ मैं
एक कहानी हूँ मैं
नारी के
नारी के सुख की निशानी हूँ मैं
नारी के
नारी के सुख की निशानी हूँ मैं
चूड़ी हूँ मैं
एक कहानी हूँ मैं

पतली कलाई है फूलों की डाल
पतली कलाई है फूलों की डाल
चिड़िया सी उस पर चहकती हूँ मैं
पतली कलाई है फूलों की डाल
चिड़िया सी उस पर चहकती हूँ मैं
प्यारी के यौवन का मैं हूँ बसंत
प्यारी के यौवन का मैं हूँ बसंत
प्रीतम के मन में थिरकती हूँ मैं
प्रीतम के मन में थिरकती हूँ मैं
लाखों बरस की जवानी हूँ मैं
लाखों बरस की जवानी हूँ मैं
चूड़ी हूँ मैं
चूड़ी हूँ मैं
एक कहानी हूँ मैं
नारी के
नारी के सुख की निशानी हूँ मैं
नारी के
नारी के सुख की निशानी हूँ मैं
चूड़ी हूँ मैं
एक कहानी हूँ मैं


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4238 Post No. : 15450 Movie Count :

4256

Today’s song is from the film Jhankar-42. The song is sung by Rajkumari and chorus. It is a traditional song written by Amir Khusro.

This film was a special film for many people. The Music Director of this film was Bashir Dehlavi who started his career as a Music Director with this film. The film was the first film made by the banner-Silver films, Bombay. The director was S. Khalil making his debut with this film. The cast of the film was Chandra Mohan, Pramila, M.Kumar, Azuri, Shehzadi, Gope, Altaf, Ghulam Mohammed, Chandra kumar and many others.

The cast of the film displays names of artistes who had almost passed their best years. Most actors were from the 1930s and now they tended to do side roles since lead roles were not coming that frequently. Due to excess alcohol, the handsome fine actor Chandramohan was on his way to self destruction. By 1949, his condition was worsoned irreversibly and he died of Liver Cirrhosis. Ghulam Mohammed, once a Hero, was reduced to character roles and after Partition he migrated to Pakistan.

Pramila did only one more film Beqasur-50 and retired from films. In 1942, she did 4 films. The last 1942 film she did was her husband’s film Jhankar-42. Kumar shifted his focus to producing and directing films and finally he too migrated to Pakistan. He continued acting in Pakistan films. Altaf was the husband of actress Khurshid jr. (elder sister of Meena kumari), who was getting edged out slowly as an actress. Actress Shehzadi Jr. also migrated to Pakistan after failing as a Producer (Utho Jaago-47). Gope’s and her last film as a leading pair was Hanso hanso aye duniyawalon, also in 1942. After this film, Gope became a Comedian for full time.

With such cast and debutante director and music director, the new company tried to make a Comedy film. I have not seen this film and I could not find its story or review anywhere on internet or in Film India magazine. However, from the film’s advertisements in the magazine and the news bits in it, I find that the film was not very successful, but must have given enough boost for the producers to go ahead and make 6 more films in next 8 years.

One of the owners of this banner- Silver Films – was actor M. Kumar, who was a successful artiste in the 30s and 40s, having worked with many prestigious banners. KUMAR was born in the prestigious family of Syed s of Lucknow-UP in India, on 23-9-1906. His real name was SYED HASSAN ALI ZAIDI. His family used to call him MIJJAN Miyan.

He was a handsome and tall person. He was keen on joining cinema, so he came to Calcutta and joined New Theatres. After doing side roles in Subah ka Sitara-32 and Zinda Lash-32, he was hero in PURAN BHAGAT in 1933. Even Saigal was also in the film.The film was about to be released and suddenly communal riots broke out in Calcutta.The new Theatre management found it difficult to announce a Muslim name of the hero of PURAN BHAGAT, in the tense atmosphere of Calcutta.The director of the film was Kumar Debaki Bose,a person from a Royal family. He took a decision and told Mijjan,” from today, I am giving you a part of my name. You will become KUMAR now.” This solved the film release problem and thus his name became KUMAR, then onwards. Truly enough, Debki Bose, thereafter never used his name Kumar again in his life !

After doing Yahudi ki Larki, Kumar came to Bombay. First he worked in Sagar ( 3 films) , Imperial (2 films)and then joined Ranjit Studios.

He married another actress PRAMILA , who was actually a Jew, Esther Williams. Pramila was later India’s FIRST Miss India in 1947. They got a son and a daughter Naqi Jehan (who too became a Miss India in 1967, exactly 20 tears after her mother.) Naqi acted opposite Rajesh Khanna in Akhari Khat, as a Heroine. Later she married into the business family of Kamdar of Bombay and became Mrs.Nandini Kamdar. Kumar had 3 sons from his earlier marriage. His first wife and children shifted to Pakistan after the Partition.

Kumar did many films in Ranjit, but in 1942, he was removed from Ranjit. At the same time, his friend, CHANDRAMOHAN also left Minerva Movietone (reason-despite PUKAR-39 being a blockbuster, his salary was not increased inspite of a promise by Sohrab Modi).They both decided to launch own company and on 16-3-1942, SILVER FILM CO. was launched. Its first film was Jhankaar-42. They produced Bhalai-43, Bade Nawab Saab-44, Devar-46, Naseeb-45, Dhun-53 and Bahana-60. Kumar acted in these films. He also directed Dhun and Bahana.

He produced and directed Aap-Beeti-1948 under his own company, Kumar Studios.Then under Shama Productions, he made Nahle pe dehla, Dhoom Dham and Dilbar. Later in life he made Badal aur Bijlee and Jungle King under Artists United films. Kumar worked in 73 films as an actor from 1932 to 1963.

From Najma in 1943, Kumar did only character roles in films like Bhishm Pratigya, Dayara, Mahal, Shri 420, Khiladi, Maalik, Baiju Bawra, Yahudi ki Ladki. His memorable role was in Mughal e Azam, that of the sculptor and a famous song-‘Aye mohabbat zindabad’ was shot on him. His last film was Raat aur Din (released in 1967)

In 1963, Kumar migrated to Pakistan, and started to work in Pakistani films without any delay. His son, S. A. Hafiz, who made Tauba, later became one of the best and well known directors of the country. Later he settled in USA. Kamal and Zeba played the lead in Tauba, which became a grand success. Kumar worked in 22 Pakistani films, including Head Constable, Azad, Shabnam, Naela, Saiqa, Sajda (his own film), Hum Dono, Nadya Ke Paar, Ik Musaflr Ik Hasina, Baalam etc. He gave one Superhit and three Hit films in Pakistan. Interestingly, he continued to act in the name of Kumar only, without using his original Muslim name there. Kumar died on 4-6-1982.

Film Jhankar-42 director S.Khalil directed only 7 films – jhankar-42, Nai Zindagi-43, Bhai Jaan-45, Shahkar-47, Sartaj-50, Gunehgar-53 and Benazir-64.

There is one more name ” Chandra Kumar” in the cast. Hardly, anyone will know who this actor was. He was none other than actor Anil Kumar (real name- Sardar Gul), who actually started his career with Minerva Movietone with its first film ” Said-E-Havas”-36, with the name Chandrakumar. After that he took the name Anil Kumar, but in this film he acted with this name, surprisingly. May be in few other films too he used this name.

Actor Anil Kumar (Sardar Gul) was born in 1915 at Calcutta. His father had a fruit business. They were from Peshawar (just like Dilip Kumar). He was not much educated but could speak Hindi, Urdu and English fluently. Once he went to Bombay to meet a friend. There he met an old acquaintance, who took him to Sohrab Modi.

The good looking Sardar Gul was liked by Modi and he offered him the lead role in his film ‘ Saed E Havas’-36. Sardar Gul was given a screen name of Chandra Kumar. The film was based on a translation of William Shakespeare’s drama- King John, by Agha Hashra Kashmiri in 1907. Sardar Gul was to get Rs. 200 for this work. The film was a flop and Sohrab Modi refused to pay him more than Rs 50. Annoyed, he left Bombay and returned to Calcutta.

However he came back in 1938 and did his first film with a new screen name Anil Kumar. The film was Talwar ka Dhani-38. Soon he was well known and acted in 10 films in next 3 years. As the decade of the 40s saw many new actors, producers and directors, he was reduced to Character roles and side roles. By 1950, he was almost like an extra. He did work in many films, but only few films credited him, as his roles were negligible. We find his name in just 30 films, where he was credited, the last such film being Tarzan and Deliailah-64.

Today’s song is sung by Rajkumari and chorus. The MD Bashir Dehlavi started his career with this film and gave music to 6 more films. His last film was Hawai Khatola-46. The song is a traditional one, written by Amir Khusro (1253 – 1325). This song is used in many films. some films are Heer Ranjha-48, Suhag Raast-48, Nadir Shah-68, Maang bharo Sajna-80 and Umrao Jaan-81 etc. Amir Khusro’s some other songs in films are Chhap tilak sab chhini re in Main Tulsi tere aangan ki- 78 and Rain suhag ki jaagi in Junoon-78.

Let us now enjoy this traditional song. With this song, Film Jhankar-42 makes its Debut here.


Song-Kaahe ko byaahi bidesh re lakhi baabul morey (Jhankaar)(1942) Singer-Rajkumari Dubey, lyrics-Amir Khusro, MD-Basheer Dehalvi

Lyrics

Kaahe ko byaahi bides re lakhi baabul morey
Kaahe ko byaahi bides re lakhi baabul morey
Kaahe ko byaahi bides re lakhi baabul morey

gudiya khilaune maine taak mein chhode
gudiya khilaune maine taak mein chhode
chhoda saheliyon ka saath re
lakhi Baabul more
chhoda saheliyon ka saath re
lakhi Baabul more

Kaahe ko byaahi bides re lakhi baabul morey

sona bhi deenha baabul rupa bhi deenha
sona bhi deenha aa aa aa aa aa aa
sona bhi deenha baabul rupa bhi deenha
deenha ratan jadaau re
lakhi baabul more
deenha ratan jadaau re
lakhi baabul more
Kaahe ko byaahi bides re lakhi baabul morey

itna dihin baabul ???
itna dihin baabul ???
saas nanand bole bol re lakhi baabul morey
saas nanand bole bol re lakhi baabul morey
Kaahe ko byaahi bides re lakhi baabul morey

aam tale se dola jo niksa
aam tale se ae ae ae
aam tale se dola jo niksa
koyal sabad sunaaye re lakhi baabul morey
koyal sabad sunaaye re lakhi baabul morey
Kaahe ko byaahi bides re lakhi baabul morey

tu kya boley meri kaali koyaliya
tu kya boley meri kaali koyaliya
chhoda baabul ka des re lakhi baabul morey
chhoda baabul ka des re lakhi baabul morey
Kaahe ko byaahi bides re lakhi baabul morey
Kaahe ko byaahi bides


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4121 Post No. : 15275 Movie Count :

4201

Today’s song is from a film Mangalsootra-1947.

In Maharashtra, from the 19th century onwards, theatre dramas became popular. They were the sole source of entertainment for the family. The stage dramas developed to a great extent, till about the 20’s decade of the twentieth century, when they faced their first competition – in the form of Silent films. However those films being silent, they could not compete wholly with dramas, which provided dialogues, living people on stage and above all music in the dramas.

However by 1931, the Talkie films arrived and the drama sensed the potential danger. They became alert. Still, the Talkie films were not invading the smaller towns as much as the bigger cities and so dramas survived for some time. As the time passed by and the film industry started inroads into smaller towns and villages, there was real panic. There was a Bee-line of stage actors, directors, singers and music directors to the Cinema world. It offered them name, fame and money. Not all were successful, but many musicians, writers and actors defected to this industry.

Even the big names in Marathi stage, like Bal Gandharva, Deenanath Mangeshkar, Nanasaheb Phatak, Master Avinash, dramatists like P K Atre, Mama Varerkar, Novelists like N S Phadke and V S Khandekar and musicians like Prof. B R Deodhar and Master krishnarao Fulambrikar etc tried their hand at this medium. One such name was a well known and very Popular Chintaman Rao Kolhatkar, who was an actor, director, producer and a playwright of repute in Marathi stage dramas.

He also tried his hand at acting in films as well as directing in both, Marathi and Hindi languages. He acted in 2 Hindi films, namely Andheri Duniya-1936 and Mangalsootra-1947. He also directed a bilingual in Marathi and Hindi film Krishna Arjun Yudha-1934. Here is his short Bio data from netizen.com –

Chintamanrao Ganesh Kolhatkar (12 March 1891 – 23 November 1959) , was a very prominent actor as well as producer, director and playwright of Marathi theatre. He joined the Maharashtra Natak Mandali in 1911, but after a year left for another troupe named as Shri Bharat Natak Mandali. His career took a major turn when he entered the Kirloskar Natak Mandali in 1914. He helped establish the Balwant Sangit Natak Mandali with Dinanath Mangeshkar in 1918. Chintamanrao Ganesh Kolhatkar’s greatest performances came in R. G. Gadkari-s plays, in Punyaprabhav i.e. Force of Virtue’ in 1916, Rajsanyas i.e. ‘Kingdom Renounced’ in 1922, and especially as the villain Ghanashyam in Bhavbandlmn i.e. ‘Bond of Affection’ in 1919. He tried the movie industry in 1933 when Sangitnatak began to decline and acted in two films, notably as the tyrant Shakara in Vasantsena in 1942. This was based on Sudraka, but failed in this medium and returned to theatre. He joined Gangadharpant Londhe’s Rajaram Sangit Mandali, worked with M. G. Rangnekar’s Natyaniketan, and established his own company, Lalit Kala Kunj. This one gave P. L. Deshpande a break. Kolhatkar was a non-singing actor, who took roles in Hindi and Urdu as well.
The Police Commissioner of Bombay felicitated him for his acting in Punyaprabhav. Jawaharlal Nehru once called him Bahurupi i.e. ‘many-formed’. This was a term applied to one-man folk performances, which Kolhatkar used as the title for his autobiography. He also wrote character sketches of several playwrights titled Majhe Natakkar i.e. ‘My Dramatists’, and a five-act play, Purnavatar i.e. ‘Complete Avatar’ in 1924. This was staged in 1996 by the group Antarnatya in Mumbai.
His son Chittaranjan Kolhatkar was also a very prominent , famous and prolific actor, producer and director of Marathi stage and films.
Chintamanrao was awarded Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1957, given by the Sangeet Natak Akademi, India’s National Academy of Music, Dance & Drama.

The cast of the film Mangalsootra-47 was Urmila, Anand, Chintaman Kolhatkar, Motibai, Shanta Kunwar, Sheelabai, Mehebano, Dalpat and many others. In the cast, you will find a name Urmila- in some films she is named as Urmila Devi, and Urmila Gupta also. She was not a very good looking actress, but she compensated it with her good acting. Urmila Gupta was born in 1921 at Panja Sahib, Rawalpindi district of United Punjab. Her father, who was a Civil Contractor, died when she was only 5 year old. She did not get much education but could read and write as well as talk fluently, Urdu, Hindi and English.

She started her career with a small uncredited role in film Mirza Sahiban-33. She was the younger sister of Mirza in this film. After some more small roles, she got her major role in film Aasuon ki Duniya-36. After this, she did not look back and did Punjab Lancers-37, Talwar ka Dhani-38, Kahan hai manzil Teri-39, Hurricane special-39, Flying Ranee-39, Desh Bhakt-40, Sasural-41, Sajjan-41, Mere Sajan-41, Naari-42, Das Baje-42, Call of youth-42, Badal -42, Apna Paraya-42, Tamash-42, Kirti-42, Salma-43, Bansari-43 etc etc. Urmila got married to Vinod Talwar, a businessman and stopped working in films, for some time, may be for raising a family. She resumed working in films and acted in another 20 odd films till 1952. She had sung 12 songs. In all, she worked in about 55 films.

I do not know anything about the film Hero Anand. I have seen his name first time in a credit list. The film was made by Golden Pictures, Bombay. It was directed by Dada aka V M Gunjal. Director Vishnupant Mathaji Gunjal or simply Dada Gunjal, was born in Kolhapur in 1904. He was not interested in education, so after passing his Matriculation, he joined the film industry.
Initially he worked in various capacities, but concentrated on Directing the films. He established his own Gunjal Production company at Bombay and directed his first silent film Collegian in 1929. Soon ,realising that producing films was not his cake, he shifted to Directing films for Vishwesh film company, Bombay. Making silent films like Bharati, The Bandit, Vijeta, Bewafa qatil, khabardar, Bhedi khanjar etc.
When Talkie films started, he directed Bhakta ke Bhagwan and Ambarish in 1934. Dada Gunjal directed in all 37 films. Some of his films were, Bhakta dhruv, Panihari,Aparadhi, Ekadashi, Mata, Mamta, Tulsi, Bhakta ke Bhagwan, Noorjehan, Baraat, Kirti, Pati patni, Alakh Niranjan, Mother India -1938 etc.

Dada Gunjal died in 1968.

The film’s Music Director was Ratanlal. He is one of those artistes, about whom hardly any information is available. All that we know about him is what is available in HFGK and books like Dhunon ki Yatra etc. There are only 4 films to his credit. For 2 films- Baraat-42, he gave music with Khemchand Prakash and for film Kismatwala-44 he was with Shanti kumar Desai. Independently he gave music to only Mangalsootra-47 and Parshuram-47.

As per January-1948 issue of magazine Film India, the film was released on 5-12-1947 at Swastik Cinema, Bombay. The review of the film done in this issue, by Baburao Patel is highly critical of every aspect of the film-acting, direction, technical support, story, dialogues etc etc. There is no comment on Music of this film, which means either he was satisfied with it or it was very much below standard to comment even. However, I have listened to some songs of this film and some other films of Ratanlal, I feel he was reasonably good composer. The review only praises the acting by actress Motibai in this film.

The story line of this film, as given in the review is…. Dayal, called popularly Dayal mama (Chintaman Kolhatkar), is a social worker and a Politician in a certain town. He is dragged into a false case and gets jail term of 10 years. After his going to jail, his wife Laxmi (Motibai) and daughter Radha (Urmila) become homeless and helpless. They leave the town and wander.

After 10 years, Dayal comes out of jail and looks for family, but he does not find them. He goes to another city, where, by chance he saves the Zamindar from riding on a Horse, which becomes wild. The Zamindar takes him home, treats him as a friend and appoints him his trusted Manager. Mohan (Anand) is his son, who completes his education. The zamindar dies and Mohan becomes the boss.

Meanwhile Radha grows up as a beautiful and attractive young girl. She and mother move to Mohan’s town, where Radha becomes the village teacher. Radha and Mohan fall in love. But Dayal is against this as Radha’s father is missing.

However, after few reels and may be few Love songs etc, Dayal Mama sees Radha’s mother Laxmi, in the last reel, recognises her. Now, Radha being his own daughter Dayal Mama gives Hari Zandi to Radha- Mohan marriage. All is well. The End. Clap, Clap, Clap.

With such poor and powerless story, what can Vrajendra Gaur, the script and dialogue writer do ? Actually Gaur was a well known and successful writer of many films in 40s and the 50s. He even directed film Kasturi-54. He wrote 59 songs in 13 films. Anyway, all in all, film Mangalsootra-47 was an eminently forgettable film.

With today’s song, this film and Music Director Ratanlal make Debut on the Blog.


Song-Jiya doley Jiya doley Jiya doley re (Mangalsutra)(1947) Singer- Rajkumari, Lyrics- Brijendra Gaud, MD-Ratanlal

Lyrics

Jiya doley
Jiya doley
Jiya doley re ae
Jiya doley
Jiya doley
Jiya doley re
hauley hauley
hauley hauley
khaaye jhakoley
hey hey hey
hauley hauley
khaaye jhakoley
hey hey hey
Jiya doley
Jiya doley
Jiya doley re ae
Jiya doley
Jiya doley
Jiya doley re

neel gagan mein kaale baadal
jhilmil jhilmil ho o
neel gagan mein kaale baadal
jhilmil jhilmil ho
khule chaman mein bhanwra rasiya
kaliyaan choome ho ho o
khule chaman mein bhanwra rasiya
kaliyaan choome ho o
haa aa aa aa
aa aa aa
Jiya doley
Jiya doley
Jiya doley re
Jiya doley
Jiya doley
Jiya doley re ae
hauley hauley
hauley hauley
khaaye jhakoley
hey ae ae
hauley hauley
khaaye jhakoley
hey ae ae
Jiya doley
Jiya doley
Jiya doley re ae
Jiya doley
Jiya doley
Jiya doley re

chanchal lahren magan pawan ke
sang sang bal khaayen
chanchal lahren magan pawan ke
sang sang bal khaayen
jin se meri lagan lagi hai
wo saajan mil jaayen
jin se meri lagan lagi hai
wo saajan mil jaayen
haa aa aa aa aa aa
a aa aa aa
donon mil ke ek nayi duniya basaayen
ho nayi duniya basaayen
Jiya doley
Jiya doley
Jiya doley re
Jiya doley
Jiya doley
Jiya doley re ae
hauley hauley
hauley hauley
khaaye jhakoley
ho ho o
hauley hauley
khaaye jhakoley
hey ae ae
Jiya doley
Jiya doley
Jiya doley re ae
Jiya doley
Jiya doley
Jiya doley re ae ae


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TWELVE years. This blog has over 16200 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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