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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Songs of 1948’ Category


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

In the 1940s, Lala Jagat Narayan of Jagat Talkies Distribution was one of the biggest controller of the chains of theatres and film distributions network in Northern India having his office at Chandni Chowk in Delhi. He was regarded as an undisputed king of film distribution and exhibition. By virtue of his experience in film distribution and exhibition business, he was in a better position to assess the likes and dislikes of the film audience.

In 1948, Jagat Narayan decided to diversify into the film production business and set up a separate entity named Jagat Pictures. As a businessman, he was attempting for a vertical integration of film productions with his existing business of distribution and exhibition. As a student of economics, I would call his attempt as a backward linkage in that he would have some flexibility in supply chain for film distribution and exhibition.

Jagat Narayan had not done anything new. My understanding is that earlier, Imperial Film Company of Ardeshir Irani had done the same vertical integration albeit in a different way. In 1929, Ardeshir Irani set up Sagar Films (later known as Sagar Movietone) as a subsidiary of Imperial Film Company. In 1930, he roped in Chimanlal Desai and Ambalal Patel, as partners of Sagar Films. They were already the owners of Select Film Circuit in Bangalore which was the sole distributors for South India of the films from Imperial film Company. After sometime, Ardeshir Irani left Sagar Films and Desai and Patel became the sole proprietors of Sagar Films. With this, Desai and Patel had film productions and distributions under their command.

The vertical integration business model was later replicated by some prominent film distributors such as NN Sippy of Prithvi Pictures in 1960, Tarachand Barjatya of Rajshri Film Production in 1962, Gulshan Rai of Trimurti Films in 1970 etc. There are, however, pros and cons for the vertical integration of film business in terms of the risk-reward perception.

Coming back to the Jagat Pictures, ‘VEENA’ (1948) directed by JP Advani was its maiden offering. The star cast included Rehman, Sulochana Chatterji, Veera, Yakub, Hemavati, Leela Mishra, Girdhari etc. It was a social film with familiar story line of a love triangle. The gist of the story of the film based on a review published in December 1948 issue of ‘Sound’ magazine is as under:

Madan (Rehman), a poet, having lost his mother and father in the childhood has been brought up by his grand-mother (Leela Mishra). She gets worried about Madan who spends most of his time in idleness. After having lost in her efforts to make him work, the grand-mother decides to follow the traditional remedy, that is, to get him married. She chooses a girl, Veena (Veera) who is a doctor. Madan is not ready for the marriage. So he runs away from the home.

After days of traveling, Madan reaches a village where he falls in love with Ratna (Sulochana Chatterji), the village girl. He becomes the guest of Ratna’s brother Manglu (Yakub), a vagabond. In the village, Manglu loves Myna (Hemavati) but he is not aware that she also loves him. This leads to a situational comedy. At last, he takes the help of Madan to guide him to woo Myna. He succeeds.

In the meanwhile, Madan and Ratna’s love for each other results into the engagement. However, soon he gets the news that his grand-mother is on the death bed and he must visit her. At first, Madan was not ready but Ratna convinces him to visit so that he also gets blessings from his grand-mother for their impending marriage. So Madan visits her grand-mother. Just before her death, grand-mother places Veena’s hand with his hand and dies before Madan could reveal to her that he was already engaged to Ratna. Much against his wish, Madan gets married to Veena.

After the marriage, Madan tells Veena that she could get anything from him but not his love. But Veena was interested only of his love and nothing else. Madan deserts her and goes back to Ratna. But Veena takes it as a challenge to win over her husband. Veena gets an opportunity to prove her point. When Ratna gets seriously ill, it is Veena who is called upon to perform surgery on Ratna which result in saving her life. Madan has a change of heart and with Ratna’s advice, he goes back to his wife, Veena.

The film was reported to be a box office success. And why not? Being produced by a person who has been in the film distribution and exhibition business for long, his maiden film had all the ingredients of a box office formula – drama, romance, comedy, 12 songs, a couple of dances etc.

The film had 12 songs written by three songwriters, viz. Pt. Narendra Sharma (5), Swami Ramanand Saraswati (4) and Prem Dehlvi (3). All songs were set to music by Anil Biswas. 10 songs are available on YT of which 7 songs have been covered in the blog.

I am presenting one of the two rare songs which were not available on YT. The song is ‘Mera Mann Banphool Phoola Na Samaaye Re’ sung by Shamshad Begum. The words are written by Pt. Narendra Sharma.

An unusual feature of this song is that the musical interludes take place even during the singing of mukhda and antara parts in addition to the usual interludes. These musical interludes are as pleasant to the ears as the song. The long flute interlude during the first antara of the song may be the work of Pt. Pannalal Ghosh.

The musical orchestration gives me an impression of a dance song in a rural setting which means that it may have been picturised on Sulochana Chatterji.


Song – Mera Mann Banphool Phoola Na Samaaye Re (Veena) (1948) Singer – Shamshad Begum, Lyrics – Pt Narendra Sharma, MD – Anil Biswas

Lyrics

mera mann banphool
phoola na samaaye re
mera mann banphool
phoola na samaaye re
mera mann banphool

kabhi hanse kabhi gaaye
kabhi hanse kabhi gaaye
kabhi sharmaaye re
mera mann banphool
phoola na samaaye
mera mann banphool

naache ban bel sang
naache ban bel sang
aaj mere ang ang
naache ban bel sang
naache ban bel sang
aaj mere ang ang
kaun jo ragon mein meri
ras ban jaaye re
kaun jo ragon mein meri
ras ban jaaye re
mera mann banphool
phoola na samaaye re
mera mann banphool

saadh huyi meri poori
saadh huyi meri poori
door do dilon ki doori
saadh huyi meri poori
door do dilon ki doori
koi sapnon ke phool-doley mein jhulaaye re
koi sapnon ke phool-doley mein jhulaaye re
mera mann banphool
phoola na samaaye re
mera mann banphool 
———————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————–

मेरा मन बनफूल
फूला ना समाये रे
मेरा मन बनफूल
फूला ना समाये रे
मेरा मन बनफूल

कभी हँसे कभी गाये
कभी हँसे कभी गाये
कभी शरमाये रे
मेरा मन बनफूल
फूला ना समाये रे
मेरा मन बनफूल

नाचे बन बेल संग
नाचे बन बेल संग
आज मेरे अंग अंग
नाचे बन बेल संग
नाचे बन बेल संग
आज मेरे अंग अंग
कौन जो रगों में मेरी
रस बन जाये रे
कौन जो रगों में मेरी
रस बन जाये रे
मेरा मन बनफूल
फूला ना समाये रे
मेरा मन बनफूल

साध हुई मेरी पूरी
साध हुई मेरी पूरी
दूर दो दिलों की दूरी
साध हुई मेरी पूरी
दूर दो दिलों की दूरी
कोई सपनों के फूल-डोले में झुलाए रे
कोई सपनों के फूल-डोले में झुलाए रे
मेरा मन बनफूल
फूला ना समाये रे
मेरा मन बनफूल

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This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Jeewan Yatra”(1946) was directed by Vinayak for Rajkamal Kala mandir, Bombay. This social film had Nayan Tara, Yakub, Baburao Pendhhrkar, Pratima Devi, Lata Mangeshkar, Shantarin, Sunalini Devi, Mehar Sultana, Sundar Bai, Dixit, Chandrakant, Daamu Anna Mavlankar, Nimbalkar, Parshuram, Kamal, Janki Das, Vikas etc in it.

The movie had ten songs in it. One song from the movie has been covered in the blog.

Here is the second song from “Jeewan Yatra”(1946) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Zeenat Begam. Dewan Sharar is the lyricist. Music is composed by Vasant Desai.

Only the audio of this song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song and also on the identity of the singers of this song.

I have not been able to get a few words right in the lyrics. I request our readers with keener ears to help fill in the blanks/ suggest corrections bin the lyrics as applicable.


Son-Ae raat syaah raat (Jeewan Yatra)(1946) Singer-Zeenat Begam, Lyrics-Dewan Sharar, MD-Vasant Desai

Lyrics

Ae raat
syaah raat
ae raat
syaah raat
chhupi baat bata de
chhupi baat bata de
wo kiski thhi aawaaz
wo aawaaz bata de
wo kiski thhi aawaaz
wo aawaaz bata de
ae raat
syaah raat

seene mein tere
bhed bhari baaten hain laakhon
laakhon baaten hain laakhon
bas itna sa
bas itna sa
ye raaz bata de
bas itna sa
bas itna sa
itna sa ye raaz ae raat
bata de
ae raat
syaah raat

ro ro ke
ro ro ke
pighalna
haan haan
toone shama ko sikhaaya
toone shama ko sikhaaya
hans hans ke pighalne ka bhi
andaaz bata de
ae raat
syaah raat

fariyaad kare bhi
dil e barbaad to
kyun kar
bajta hai kabhi
toota hua saaz
bata de
bajta hai kabhi
toota hua saaz
bata de
wo kiski thhi aawaaz
wo aawaaz
bata de
wo kiski thhi aawaaz
wo aawaaz
bata de
ae raat
syaah raat


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Raees”(1948) was directed by Qaisar Sabai for Ballet Pictures, Bombay. This obscure “social” movie had Shanta Kunwar, Jawahar Kaul, M Beg, Urvashi, Balraj, Munshi Munaqqa, Malika, F Shah, Kabli, Usha Rani etc in it.

This forgotten movie had seven obscure songs in it. One rare song from this movie was covered in the blog in the past as the one hundredth song of Zohrabai Ambalewaali.

Here is the second song from “Raees”(1948) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Meena Kapoor. Qaisar Sabai is the lyricist. Music is composed by Manohar Arora.

This pathos filled song, instead of ending up as forgotten, deserves to be counted among the more memorable songs of Meena Kapoor.

Only theb audio of this song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Gham sehna hai lab seena hai(Raees)(1948) Singer-Meena Kapoor, Lyrics-Qaisar Sabai, MD-Manohar Arora

Lyrics

gham sehna hai
lab seena hai
aur chupke chupke rona hai
gham sehna hai
lab seena hai
aur chupke chupke rona hai
ae toote huye dil
tu hi bata
anjaam mera kya hona hai

khwaabon mein to aksar dekha hai
phoolon se saja bistar apna
khwaabon mein to aksar dekha hai
phoolon se saja bistar apna
taaseer (?) magar batlaati hai
saanson ki sez pe sona hai
ae toote huye dil
tu hi bata
anjaam mera kya hona hai

ummeed ka daaman chhoot gaya
kismat roothhi
dil toot gaya
ummeed ka daaman chhoot gaya
kismat roothhi
dil toot gaya
honthon ki hansi gham loot gaya
ab khoon ke aansoo rona hai
ae toote huye dil
tu hi bata
anjaam mera kya hona hai

taqdeer mein ye hi likkhaa thha
naakaam jiyen
naakaam maren
taqdeer mein ye hi likkhaa thha
naakaam jiyen
naakaam maren
aabaad hoon jab ke
maut se wo anjaam
bhala kya hona hai
ae toote huye dil
tu hi bata
anjaam mera kya hona hai


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Grihasthhi”(1948) was directed by S M Yusuf for Aaina Pictures, Bombay. The movie had Faizi, Kuldip, Sulochana Chatterji, Masood, Sharda, Yakub, Shyama, Mirza Musharaf, Pran, Lalita Pawar etc in it.

The movie had eight songs in it. Five of these songs have been covered in the blog.

Here is the sixth song from “Grihasthhi”(1948) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Shamshad Begam. Wahid Qureshi is the lyricist. Music is composed by Ghulam Mohammad.

The video of this song is available. From the picturisation, we see Sharda (sister of Vinod Mehra) singing this expression of love song, while Pran (who has caused this expression of love) looking on. Going by this picturisation, the very slim and young looking Pran appears to be the hero of this song and Sharda appears to be the leading lady of this movie. But HFGK does not even mention the name of Sharda in the star cast, which seems an oversight.

This delightful song is quite a rare song and a wonderful revelation. This is one song that is superbly picturised. This song must be regarded as a forgotten gem.

Though “Grihasthhi”(1948) has been forgotten with time, this movie was one of the biggest hits of its time, so much so that it was remade as “Ghar Basa Ke Dekho”(1963) which was a frame by frame copy of “Grihasthhi”(1948).


Song-Aaj ek jugnu chamka mere jeewan ke andhiyaare mein (Grihasthhi)(1948) Singer-Shamshad Begam, Lyrics-Wahid Qureshi, MD-Ghulam Mohammad

Lyrics

aaj ek jugnu
aaj ek jugnu
chamka
mere ho jeewan ke andhiyaare mein
ho jeewan ke andhiyaare mein
aaj ek jugnu
aaj ek jugnu chamka
mere ho jeewan ke andhiyaare mein
ho jeewan ke andhiyaare mein
aaj ek jugnu

chamka jugnu u u u
aur ek pal mein
chamka jugnu u u u
aur ek pal mein
baandh liya aa aa
man ke aanchal mein
baandh liya aa aa
man ke aanchal mein

dekh usey hansoon
aur sharmaaun
dekh usey hansoon
aur sharmaaun
kya jaanoon u u
is baare mein
kya jaanoon u u
is baare mein
aaj ek jugnu
aaj ek jugnu
chamka mere ho jeewan ke andhiyaare mein
ho jeewan ke andhiyaare mein
aaj ek jugnu

kaun jaane kis desh se aaya
dekhte hi mere man ko bhaaya
kaun jaane kis desh se aaya
dekhte hi mere man ko bhaaya
haar gayi main
tan man apna
haar gayi main
tan man apna
uske ae ae
ek ishaare mein
uske ae ae
ek ishaare mein
aaj ek jugnu
aaj ek jugnu
chamka mere ho jeewan ke andhiyaare mein
ho jeewan ke andhiyaare mein
aaj ek jugnu

darti hoon main man todd na den wo
haath pakad kar chhod na den wo
kah doongi main
dukh sahne ki shakti
kah doongi main
dukh sahne ki shakti
nahin hai ae ae
man bechaare mein
nahin hai ae ae
man bechaare mein
aaj ek jugnu
aaj ek jugnu
chamka
mere ho jeewan ke andhiyaare mein
ho jeewan ke andhiyaare mein
ho jeewan ke andhiyaare mein
aaj ek jugnu


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

So this is the Yippeee song for today. I had promised Atul ji that I would do both the debut and the Yippeee songs today. The debut was easy, but getting to the Yippeee turned out to be a ‘tedhi kheer’ today.  Atul ji has shared with me a reference list which contains information about the near-Yippeee films. But then cross referencing and searching for the last missing songs becomes quite a job.  Anyway, finally I have a song that was blocking the Yippeee for the 1948 film ‘Ziddi’, just because it was not available online, and not available easily otherwise. Thankfully I am able to locate it in my collection and have uploaded the song online today.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Last week, I came across a rare song from NEK DIL (1948), a film I heard for the first time. The film was produced and directed by G A Thakur under the banner of Light House Productions. Pran and Smriti Biswas were in lead roles with Begum Parveen, Ramesh, Nazar, Saleem Raza, Durga Mota, Zubeida etc in the supporting role. The film was produced in Lahore and it was stated to be belonging to the social genre.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Bharat Upadhyay, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Lata’s Songs NOT YET covered on our Blog – 18
————————————————
Meri Kahaani, (1948) was produced by Super Team Federal Productions, Bombay and directed by Keki Mistry. It had a star-cast consisting of Surendra, Munnawar Sultana, Pratima Devi, Sanobar, Leela Kumari, Ramesh Sinha, Bhudo Advani, Santosh Kumar, Murad Khan, Vaskar etc.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Chunariya”(1948) was directed by Ravindra Dave for Kuldip Pictures, Bombay. The movie had Pran, Manorama, Cuckoo, Wasti, Chand Burque, Randhir, Sofia, Ramesh, Sarita, Baij Sharma etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Hip Hip Hurray”(1948) was directed by Arvind Sen Roy for Kashmir Films, Bombay. This Social film, also known as “Chaube Ji”, had Dixit, Balwant Singh, Naveen Yagnik, Nirupa Roy, Mangla, Prabhu Dayal, Kumkum, Gulab, Bhudo Advani, Baby Durga, Mohan, Sarita Devi, Radha Kishan, Gope etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Saajan Ka Ghar”(1948) was directed by Shori Daulatwi for Navyug Chitrapat, Bombay. This movie had Jairaj, Ranjana, Kusum Deshpande, Basant Thengdi, Vishnu Mehrotra, Uma Dutt, Latifa Khanam etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where "new" songs are added every day, and that has been the case for more than eight years. This blog has over 13300 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3200 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

13378

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1012
Total Number of movies covered =3703

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