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This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4156 Post No. : 15325 Movie Count :

4222

Hindi Songs in Bangla Films – 10
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‘Saheb Bibi Golam’ (1956, Bangla film) was based on a story by the same title, written by Bangla novelist, Bimal Mitra. The film was directed by Kartik Chattopadhyay. The main star cast of the film was Uttam Kumar, Sumitra Devi, Anubha Gupta, Chhabi Biswas, Chhaya Devi, Nitin Mukherjee and Padma Devi. The story of the film relates to the time when the aristocracy of feudal lords was on the decline under the British rule by the end of 19th Century. The story revolves around the platonic relationship between the feudal lord’s neglected wife (Sumitra Devi) and a clerk (Uttam Kumar). The film was not only critically acclaimed, it was also a box office success.

The Hindi version of the film titled ‘Saheb Bibi Aur Ghulam’ (1962) was produced by Guru Dutt and directed by Guru Dutt’s right hand man, Abrar Alvi. Although the Hindi version of the film was released 6 years after the release of the Bangla version of the film, the idea to produce the Hindi version of the film was put forward to Guru Dutt by SD Burman as early as 1956 when he saw the shooting of the Bangla version  on his visit to Calcutta (now Kolkata) where Guru Dutt was already doing location hunting for his film ‘Pyaasa’ (1957). Guru Dutt had a meeting with novelist Bimal Mitra in SD Burman’s house in Calcutta, after which he decided to produce and direct the film with SD Burman as the Music Director.

When Guru Dutt  heard the story, he had decided that it had to be Meena Kumari who would be performing the role of Chhoti Bahu, the central character in the film. However, Kamal Amrohi, Meena Kumari’s husband declined the offer saying that she did not have dates. So, after failing to find any alternative actress for the role, the film was put in the back burner. It was only after the box office success of ‘Chaudhvin Ka Chaand’ (1960), Guru Dutt decided to revive ‘Saheb Bibi Aur Ghulam’ (1962). This time, after a lot of hard bargaining, Kamal Amrohi agreed with a raise in her fees and also giving bulk dates of 45 days at a stretch from January 1, 1962. He also put a condition that she would not travel to Calcutta to shoot in the haveli. So, the sets of Chhoti Bahu’s rooms in the haveli had to be created in a Mumbai studio.

Biswajit was identified for the role of Bhootnath, the clerk. But he did not agree for a condition of the exclusive contract with Guru Dutt Films. Shashi Kapoor was approached for the role which fell through as he came considerably late to discuss the role by which time Guru Dutt had decided to act in the film for the role of Bhootnath.

The film’s shooting started on January 1, 1961, exactly one year before Meena Kumari’s shooting schedule was to start. Probably, ‘Saheb Bibi Aur Ghulam’ (1962) was the first film from the stable of Guru Dutt Films which was ready in the cans in the record time except Meena Kumari’s part and the picturization of the songs which had to be postponed as the music director, SD Burman was ill during the first half of 1961. When he had recovered from his illness, he was selected by the Government of India to be part of the cultural delegation to the then USSR and other European countries. Guru Dutt lost his patience with SD Burman and entrusted the music direction to Hemant Kumar.

When SD Burman returned from his foreign trip, he was dismayed to find that he was no longer the music director of ‘Saheb Bibi Aur Ghulam’ (1962). Instead Hemant Kumar was roped in his place. SD Burman was very much upset as he felt that it was Hemant Kumar who had maneuvered to take over the music direction during his absence. He was so much involved with the film that he had already composed tunes for some songs with dummy lyrics without waiting for a formal contract. After this incidence, the relations between SD Burman and Hemant Kumar got affected. This explains as to why Na Tum Hamen Jaano Na Hum Tumhen Jaane from ‘Baat Ek Raat Ki’ (1962) was the last song Hemant Kumar sang for SD Burman.

[Note: Information in this article about what went behind the making of ‘Saheb Bibi Aur Ghulam’ (1962) is mainly based on (1) ‘Ten Years with Guru Dutt – Abrar Alvi’s Journey’ (2008) by Sathya Saran, (2) ‘Meena Kumari – The Classical Biography’ (2013) by Vinod Mehta and (3) ‘S D Burman – The Prince Musician’ (2018) by Anirudha Bhattacharjee & Balaji Vittal.]

The Hindi version of the film was not a frame by frame remake of its Bangla version film. Instead, the screen-play/dialogue writer and director Abrar Alvi and Bimal Mitra had a month-long sittings to finalise the screen-play and dialogues in tune with the taste of Hindi film audience without diluting the basic theme of the story. As a result, the visualization of scenes in Hindi version is quite different from the Bangla version. Let me give an example of the scene in which Bhootnath meets Chhoti Bahu for the first time.

In Bangla version, Bhootnath visits Chhoti Bahu’s (Sumitra Devi) room when she was about to complete her daily puja with her back to the camera. And then she looks back and tells  Bhootnath to sit down on the chair. Bhootnath introduces himself to Chhoti Bahu. There is not much movements in camera angles. In Hindi version, Chhoti Bahu calls him to sit as soon as he enters her room. The camera is focused on her feet the first time Bhootnath sees her. Even when she walks to her chair, the camera is still focused on her feet. But Bhootnath instead of sitting on the chair, he sits on the floor with his his dropping eyes. When he introduces himself as Bhootnath, the camera suddenly focuses on Chhoti Bahu’s  face and she tells him that it is a lovely name. It is at this point, Bhootnath who was speaking to her with eyes down looks up to see her face and is surprised that she was not amused by his name as it has been his experience with others. On the contrary, she says it is one of many names of the God. Also, there is a  empty bed shown while both of them are conversing symbolising the state of her marital life.

The Bangla version of the film kept the end as per the original story, that is Bhootnath (Uttam Kumar) does not get to marry Jaba (Anubha Gupta). But in Hindi version, there is an indirect hint by way of a dialogue and the last scene in which Bhootnath (Guru Dutt) travels with Jaba (Waheeda Rehman) in a horse cart. Since story has been told in the film in the flash back mode, it was possible in Hindi version of the film to change some sequences in the narration of the story.

The Bangla version of the film had 5 songs of which 2 songs were semi-classical songs in Hindi. Hindi version of the film had 7 songs. The background song in the Bangla version was in Hindi  using a part of a traditional dadra, ‘Ab Ke Saawan Ghar Aaja’ whereas in Hindi version, it was a haunting song, Koi Door Se Aawaaz De Chale Aao.

I am presenting another Hindi song from a Bangla film – ‘Saheb Bibi Golam’ (1956), ‘Kankar Mohe Laage Paniya Bharan Kaise Jaaun’ which has been rendered by Sandhya Mukherjee in dadra style. Lyrics are traditional which have been set to music by Robin Chatterjee. In the film, it has been picturised as mujra song. The equivalent song picturised in Hindi version of the film is Saaqiyaa Aaj Mujhe Neend Nahin Aayegi.

Song – Paniya Bharan Kaise Jaaun, Kankar Mohey Laage  (Saheb Bibi Golam) (1956) Singer – Sandhya Mukherjee, Lyrics – Traditional, MD – Robin Chatterjee

Lyrics

aa aaa aaaaaa aaa aaaa
paniya bharan kaise jaaun
aa aa aa aa
paniya bharan kaise jaaun
kankar mohe laage
kankar mohe laage
kankar mohe laage
kankar mohe laage  
paniya bharan kaise jaaun
paniya bharan kaise jaaun  
kankar mohe laage
kankar mohe laage
kankar mohe laage
 
natkhat roke
meri dagariya aa

natkhat roke
meri dagariya aa

laakh bachaa ke chalun najariya
laakh bachaa ke
laakh bachaa ke chalun nazariya
gher let hai bairi saanwariyaa aa
gher let hai bairi saanwariyaa
kaise paanv badhaaun
kankar mohe laage
kankar mohe laage
kankar mohe laage
kankar mohe laage
kankar mohe laage
 
paniya bharan kaise jaaun
haaye ram
paniya bharan kaise jaaun
haaye ram
paniya bharan kaise jaaun
haaye ram
paniya bharan kaise jaaun
paniya bharan kaise jaaun
haaye ram
kankar mohe laage
kankar mohe laage
kankar mohe laage
kankar mohe laage
kankar mohe laage

kankar mohe laage
kankar mohe laage
kankar mohe laaaaa…..ge ae
kankar mohe laaaa……ge ae
kankar mohe laaaa……ge ae
kankar mohe laaaa……ge ae 
kankar mohe laaaa……ge ae 
kankar mohe laaaa……ge ae 
kankar mohe laaaa……ge ae 

————————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
————————————————————

आ आss आsssss आss आsss
पनिया भरन कैसे जाऊँ
आ आ आ आ
पनिया भरन कैसे जाऊँ
कंकर मोहे लागे
कंकर मोहे लागे
कंकर मोहे लागे
कंकर मोहे लागे
पनिया भरन कैसे जाऊँ
पनिया भरन कैसे जाऊँ
कंकर मोहे लागे
कंकर मोहे लागे
कंकर मोहे लागे

नटखट रोके
मेरी डगरीया॰॰आ
नटखट रोके
मेरी डगरीया॰॰आ
लाख बचा के चलूँ नजरिया
लाख बचा के
लाख बचा के चलूँ नजरिया
घेर लेत है बैरी साँवरिया॰॰आ
घेर लेत है बैरी साँवरिया
कैसे पाँव बढ़ाऊँ
कंकर मोहे लागे
कंकर मोहे लागे
कंकर मोहे लागे
कंकर मोहे लागे
कंकर मोहे लागे

पनिया भरन कैसे जाऊँ
हाय राम
पनिया भरन कैसे जाऊँ
हाय राम
पनिया भरन कैसे जाऊँ
हाय राम
पनिया भरन कैसे जाऊँ
पनिया भरन कैसे जाऊँ
हाय राम
कंकर मोहे लागे
कंकर मोहे लागे
कंकर मोहे लागे
कंकर मोहे लागे
कंकर मोहे लागे

कंकर मोहे लागे
कंकर मोहे लागे
कंकर मोहे ला॰॰गे॰॰
कंकर मोहे ला॰॰गे॰॰
कंकर मोहे ला॰॰गे॰॰
कंकर मोहे ला॰॰गे॰॰
कंकर मोहे ला॰॰गे॰॰
कंकर मोहे ला॰॰गे॰॰
कंकर मोहे ला॰॰गे॰॰


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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has more than 15300 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

15388

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Movies with all their songs covered =1180
Total Number of movies covered =4242

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