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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Ramchandra Pal Song’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3630 Post No. : 14456

Today’s song is from film ‘Kunwara Baap’ (1942).

Hindi film industry is a funny place. Great stories of the world fail when made into films and some ‘made to order’ stories become so successful films that the subsequent film makers copy the films, with slight alterations. Sometimes identical titles have nothing in common and sometimes remakes are made with different titles – not matching the original one in any way.

There was a film ‘Kunwaara Baap’ in 1974 also, made by the comedian Mehmood. There was absolutely no similarity in the story of these films. Mehmood’s film was essentially based on Polio Protection, while the 1942 film was a total comedy. In this case only the title is same, everything else is different. There is interesting information on ‘Kunwara Baap’ of 1942.

‘Bachelor Mother’ (1939) was a popular Hollywood film directed by Garson Kanim, with Ginger Rogers and David Niven in the lead. It was a story of a single girl, who finds an abandoned child and raises it. She is stamped as unwed mother and many hilarious situations are created with her lover.

This film was copied by Kishore Sahu, who produced and directed it under the banner of Acharya Art Prodns. He was the hero and the heroine was Pratima Dasgupta. The film was ‘Kunwara Baap’ (1942). The theme was reversed here and the rich bachelor boy finds a child left in his car. Not finding its parents he decides to keep the child, which causes misunderstandings with his lady friend etc.

The noted Hindi novelist Amritlal Nagar (famous for his novels – ‘Boond aur Sagar’ and ‘Shatranj ke Mohre’ etc.) wrote the dialogues and lyrics of this film. He also acted in the film. Nagar had earlier written for films ‘Sangam’ (1941) and ‘Kisi Se Na Kehna’ (1942). Later he also wrote for ‘Raja’ (1943).

This film became very popular. Later on many films in many languages were made on this theme. Even Hollywood made a remake called ‘Bundle of Joy’ in 1956 with Debbie Reynolds and Eddie Murphy in the lead.

In Madras the AVM supremo saw these two films and decided to make a Tamil film ‘Vazhkai’, on this story. He got his cast ready except the heroine. He wanted a fresh face, preferably a debutante. Anyway, a young Telugu actress Pandhari Bai was selected, but it was found that she could not speak Tamil fluently.  MV Raman, AVM’s Director suggested a name of a young dancer Vijayantimala, who was the daughter of actress Vasundhara Devi and MD Ramaswami. She was called and a contract for 3 years was signed .

When ‘Vazhkai’ was being made, AVM supremo saw the Hindi film ‘Khidki’ (1942) with C Ramchandra’s music. This he liked so much that as many as 3 songs from ‘Khidki’ were copied and used in ‘Vazhkai’ by the MD – Sudarshanam. ‘Vazhkai’ was released in 1949 and it was a super duper hit. AVM made a Telugu remake – Jeevitham (1950). This too was a hit.  Then AVM decided it was time to invade the Hindi films and a film called ‘Bahaar’ was made in 1951 with Vijayantimala and Karan Dewan. Karan Dewan was considered a lucky star in those days. This film also became a hit. ‘Bahar’ also had a  similar story as ‘Kunwara Baap’.

The cast of this film was Kishore Sahu, Pratima Dasgupta, Anjali Devi, Master Dhulia, Moni Chatterjee, Nana Palshikar etc. The film was made by Acharya Art Productions, owned by NR Acharya (ex Bombay Talkies). The film was directed by Kishore Sahu. The music was composed by Ramchandra Pal, for the lyrics by Amritlal Nagar, Balam, Satyakam and Sharma. However, in HFGK, none of the songs of the film are specifically credited to any one lyricist.

The story, dialogues, screenplay and some lyrics were by Amritlal Nagar (17-8-1916 to 23-2-1990). He was an extraordinary person. He handled almost every department of literature – except perhaps poetry and autobiography. Short stories, novels, dramas, travelogues etc. were written by him. During 1940 to 1947 he was associated with the film industry. He wrote stories, screenplays, dialogues of as many as 20 films in Bombay, Kolhapur and Madras. He dubbed MS Subbulaxmi’s Tamil film ‘Meerabai’ (1947) into Hindi. He also worked to translate Russian films like ‘Zoya’ and ‘Bukhara’ into Hindi. He won innumerable awards, including Padma Bhushan and Sahitya Academy award. He was one of the very rare Hindi literature stalwarts to work in film industry for such a sustained period.

Music Director Ramchandra Pal, born in 1909 was actually a medical Doctor, who entered this profession in various capacities. As an actor he did 3 films – ‘Manmohan’ (1936), ‘Deccan Queen’ (1936) and ‘Aazad’ (1940). He produced and directed a film ‘Raj Nandini’ (1962), made under his own banner – Pal Films. However, this film was never released.

He started his music career with  Tamil films, ‘Bilwamangal’ (1932) and ‘Sarangdhara’ (1935). He shifted to Calcutta and gave music to Bangla films, ‘Rajani’ (1936) and ‘Indira’ (1936). His first Hindi film was ‘Prem Sagar’ (1939), a film made in south by a Bombay film company. This he confirmed in the interview given to Harmandir ji (LB-69).

He was connected as MD with Bombay Talkies films ‘Kangan’ (1939), ‘Punarmilan’ (1940), ‘Bandhan’ (1940), ‘Aazad’ (1940) and ‘Naya Sansar’ (1941). His last film as MD was ‘Raj Nandini’ of 1962. In all he gave music to 20 films. He also sang 15 songs in 7 films. Incidentally, today’s song was his last song as a singer. After 1942 he left singing and after 62 he left film industry and started his private medical clinic in Shivaji Park, Dadar, Bombay. He practiced till his death.

The name Anjali Devi, which appears in the cast is not of the famous south actress Anjali Devi (8-12-1927 to 13-1-2014), who acted in films like ‘Ek Tha Raja’ (1951) (dubbed film), ‘Shuk Rambha’ (1953), ‘Ladki’ (1953), ‘Devta’ (1956), ‘Suvarn Sundari’ (1957) etc. This Anjali Devi of the 40s was different. As usual, I find that the filmography of south Anjali Devi includes films done by Anjali Devi of the 40s. This is what I call Same Name Confusion.

Miss Anjali Devi’s real name was Durgesh Kumari. She was born at Benaras in 1926 in a respectable Brahmin family. Her education was not much but she was fluent in Hindi, Urdu, English and Sanskrit. At the age of 14 years, she came to Bombay, to fulfil her desire of becoming an actress. She joined Ranjit Films and worked in film ‘Pardesi’ (1940). The film was released in 1941. She was credited as Durgesh in this film. She was called to Bombay Talkies to work in film ‘Punarmilan’ (1940), directed by Najam Naqvi. When a section of artistes, led by S Mukherjee, left Bombay Talkies to start Filmistan in 42, one of the BT directors NR Acharya also left and started his own company Acharya Art Productions. Anjali Devi also left to join Acharya. She acted in 3 films of Acharya, ‘Kunwara Baap’, ‘Uljhan’ (1942) and ‘Aage Kadam’ (1943). She later on acted in ‘Paristan’ (1944), and ‘Parivartan’ (1949). She then got married to NR Acharya and settled as a housewife.

Film’s heroine was the dashing Pratima Dasgupta.  She was an actress, producer and a director. She was born on 5-9-1921 into a wealthy family of Bhavnagar. Though many sources mention name of the place of Bhavnagar, which is in Gujarat, I doubt it very much. There are no mentions or references that she was in anyway connected to Gujarat in her lifetime. I believe she was born in Bhanagar – a town just 31 kms. from Calcutta city. This unknown Bhanagar must have become well known Bhavnagar. Her family was related to Ravindranath Tagore. So, after the initial education in England, she came to Shantiniketan and completed her studies. She was a favourite and a favoured student throughout.

Looking at her acting skills,it was Tagore himself who recommended her to act in the Bangla film ‘Gora’ (1938), based on his own novel. Her role of Latika – daughter of Paresh Babu in the film – who falls in love with Bijoy and marries him – was liked by Tagore. She did one more film ‘Na Honewali Baat’ (1938) in Hindi,followed by the Hindi version of ‘Rukmini’ in 1939. After doing 4 Bangla films, she did the Trilingual film (Bangla, Hindi and English)- ‘Raj Nartaki’ (1941). This was made by Wadia Movietone in Bombay and was directed by Modhu Bose, husband of the heroine Sadhona Bose – the international dancer. During her Bombay visit, she got married to an aspiring actor Madsrurul Haq, son of a rich Zamindar Ehsanul Haq of Jallundhar. Madsrurul Haq’s younger sister, Begum Para was a sizzling actress of the 1940s and 1950s

Her other Hindi films were ‘Kunwaara Baap’ (1942), ‘Raja’ (1943) and ‘Shararat’ (1944), all directed by Kishore Sahu. She also did ‘Namaste’ in 1943. After this she turned to direction and did her first film ‘Chhamiya’ in 1945, with Begum Para and David as a Lead pair. She repeated this team again in ‘Pagle’ (1950) also. However her second film ‘Jharna’ (1948) was banned by Morarji Desai, the then Chief Minister of Bombay Province, on the plea that the film had explicit sexual scenes in it. No wonder, as her sister in law – the sizzling Begum Para, had given some uninhibited scenes in this film. This film was a financial disaster for Pratima and she decided to quit films.

In all, Pratima Dasgupta did 10 Hindi films and 8 Bangla films.

Out of the 9 songs of film Kunwara Baap, I have heard 6 songs. Some of them are quite interesting like “Chai Piyogi Rani” and “O Meri Rani, Meri Rani ”, but I felt we must have at least one song of Ramchandra Pal on our blog. This is the only song listed for the film, for which HFGK mentions the singer’s name . Other songs are without names of singers or lyricists. The song’s tune is not very catchy or lilting but the song has a historical value.

The singer and the film both make a debut on the blog.

 

[Author’s Note: Credits – Khalid Hasan from TFT, Pakistan; Isak Mujawar; A.I. Film directory; HFGK; MuVyz; LB-69; Harish Raghuwanshi ji; Wikipedia; and my notes.]

 


Song – Kaahe Paap Se Paap Chhipaaye (Kunwaara Baap) (1942) Singer – Ramchandra Pal, Lyrics – [Unattributed], Music – Ramchandra Pal

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

kaahe. . .
kaahe. . .

paap se paap chhipaaye
re paapi mann..nn
paap se paap chhipaaye
re paapi mann..nn
paap se paap chhipaaye

bigdi baat banaane ko tu
bigdi baat banaane ko tu
hari se aankh churaaye
bigdi baat banaane ko tu
hari se aankh churaaye
karni karta ?? ?? ??
phir paachhe pachhtaaye
re paapi mann..nn
paap se paap chhipaaye

phool ki ?? hovey phir bhi
phool ki ?? hovey phir bhi
bhog doosra paaye
ye kaisa nayay jagat ka
ye kaisa nayay jagat ka
ye kaisa nayay
re paapi mann..nn
paap se paap chhipaaye
paap se paap chhipaaye

paap se paap chhipaa..aaye. . .

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

काहे॰ ॰ ॰
काहे॰ ॰ ॰

पाप से पाप छिपाए
रे पापी मन
पाप से पाप छिपाए
रे पापी मन
पाप से पाप छिपाए

बिगड़ी बात बनाने को तू
बिगड़ी बात बनाने को तू
हरी से आँख चुराये
बिगड़ी बात बनाने को तू
हरी से आँख चुराये
करनी करता ?? ?? ??
फिर पाछे पछताए
रे पापी मन॰॰न्न
पाप से पाप छिपाए

फूल की ?? होवे फिर भी
फूल की ?? होवे फिर भी
भोग दूसरा पाये
ये कैसा न्याय जगत का
ये कैसा न्याय जगत का
ये कैसा न्याय
रे पापी मन॰॰न्न
पाप से पाप छिपाए
पाप से पाप छिपाए

पाप से पाप छिपा॰॰आए॰ ॰ ॰

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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