Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘Anil Biswas


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4802 Post No. : 16568

Today’s song is from the film Ladli-1949. This was one of the popular films of MD Anil Biswas in those times. He was still in his prime, but on the downward curve past his prime. By mid 50’s, films came at a snail’s pace to him and then in a few years he left Mumbai, shifted to New Delhi and his life took a 90 degree turn, personally and professionally.

Anil Biswas,the Bhishma Pitamaha of HFM, was a respected person in the industry.He started from the mid 30s and for the next 25 years or so,he created many everlasting gems in film songs. In Bombay, Playback was first started by him in the film Mahageet-1937. By the mid 50s his magic started waning and by 1960, he was almost gone from the industry. Initially he did 10-11 films with Sagar, then with Mehboob for National studios and then in Bombay talkies- where his name became immortal with the film Kismet-1943.

He married Ashalata in 1936. Along with her he started variety pictures and they produced films like Laadli-49,Laajawab-50 Badi bahu-51, Hamdard-53 and Bajuband-54. ( a less known fact is-Anil da had made a Guest appearance in the film Hamdard-53 as a barber.) He also acted in the film Mehman-53 (produced by Ashalata),as a Pujari and a song was shot on him.In both cases he did not get any payments. As a Producer he lost heavily, because Ashalata usurped all the money. Frustrated, he gave up everything and separated from her in 1954. By now, sweet links were established with singer Meena Kapoor-25 years younger to him, since 1948 itself. They got married with each other on 19-3-1957. The death of Brother in law and close friend Pannalal Ghosh in 1960 and younger brother Sunil in 1961 as well as his eldest son- Pradeep,broke his heart. He left Bombay and joined A.I.R. at Delhi on 1-3-1963,where he worked upto 27-6-1975. Later he was a consultant for Nehru University for a few years.

However,hardly anything is known about his eldest son Pradeep,anywhere. Here is some information,hitherto not known much,brought specially for our readers.
Pradeep was a very bright student and always topped in school and college. He passed his entrance exam and the interview,with flying colours for entry to NDA college at Poona,to join armed forces. He excelled even in NDA training.Not only was he very popular there but sang well too. He participated in the music Festival of Khadakwasla NDA and sang 3 songs,winning all prizes. He was also a NDA Topper.

Shri Gopinath Talwalkar,an A.I.R. Programmer at Delhi,used to interview the Toppers of NDA every year. That year Pradeep was the Topper, so he was interviewed. Though the interview was in Hindi, after the recording,Pradeep asked Talwalkar,in pure Marathi,whether his interview had been good. Talwalkar was shocked. Pradeep then explained that he was Anil Biswas’s son and he had learnt Marathi from his actress mother Ashalata. Pradeep knew Hindi,Marathi,English and Gujarati languages.

After completing his NDA training,he was posted as Flight cadet at Jodhpur. He was further promoted and became Pilot Officer in 1957. During one Training flight some altitude problems occurred and his plane crashed at Begumpet Airport, Hyderabad, killing Pradeep instantly. This happened in 1961.

This was also the time of crisis for Anil da. He was struggling to survive. Films were not coming to him. Since he married Meena Kapoor, Lata Mangeshkar-a fast close friend of Ashalata , had gone against him and Meena’s singing career was suppressed. He had already lost Pannalal Ghosh and Sunil-his brother and now Pradeep’s death devastated him and he was literally forced to seek employment with Delhi A.I.R., when the opportunity came. After retirement, till his death on 31-5-2003, he spent his life in total anonymity and recluse. So sad for a composer, who was once a fountain of enthusiasm and who was considered Mentor by leading contemporary composers like C.Ramchandra.

By 1949, the Indian film industry had reasonably stabilised having gone through the rigours of the war period and total shake up of the industry due to the Partition blues. 1949 was the best year in the Golden Era of HFM. There were so many films offering evergreen, out of this world songs, that the audience did not know which film to see and which song to hear. The sale of records registered a Record of Sales in 1949. 157 films were made in 1949. Barring the figure of 181 films in 1947 ( we know the reasons), 1949 produced the maximum films from 1931 to 1984 – a period of 50++ years. What’s more, almost every alternate film gave superb songs. Nearly every Music Director of Hindi films was present in 1949, with his film.

This was also a transition period, when older composers were giving way to newer ones. Additionally, the competition between Naushad and C Ramchandra for the Number One position was at its peak. Though CR is my favourite composer, during the period 47 to 49, it was all the way Naushad who was the undisputed Numero Uno as far as quality and number of hit films were concerned.

In this period Naushad’s strike rate of Hit films was more than double, compared to C R, percentage wise. Naushad had 8 Hits from his 9 films in the period 1947 to 1949. For the same period, CR had only 4 Hits in his 18 films.

The year 1949 had absolutely heavenly showers of Musical Films. Some of such films were Andaz, Badi Behan, Barsaat, Bazaar, Dulari, Jeet, Apna Desh, Chandni Raat, Chaar Din, Sunehre Din, Shayar, Dillagi, Ek thi ladki, Kaneez, Laadli, Lahore, Mahal, Namoona, Patanga etc etc. The year 1949 also witnessed the introduction of A and U Censor certificates, the establishment of Films Division, the start of Navketan productions of Anand brothers and a few other landmarks in Hindi film industry.

Today’s song is an excellent song but rarely heard and not so popular for reasons difficult to fathom. It’s singer was Shiv Dayal aka S.D. Batish. I have a lot of respect for S D Batish,who did a marvellous job of promoting Indian Music in the UK and USA. He is one of those rare people who left the film world, but continued serving the Music,by turning a corner in Life. Such people are few in this world. The monumental work he did for Indian Music in foreign lands is unparalleled. An important point is that he did not do this service to Music for his personal gains. For his sustenance,he had opened a Restaurant in Santa Cruz,California,which was providing him enough for a comfortable living in the USA.

Born December 14, 1914, in Patiala, India, Shiv Dayal Batish abandoned a career in the nascent telephone industry to study devotional song, folk drama, and Indian classical music under his guru Hakim Chandan Ram Charan. In 1934, he relocated to Bombay to try his hand at acting, but roles proved scarce and he returned to Patiala two years later, renewing his focus on music. By 1936 Batish was regularly appearing on All India Radio and recording his first sessions for His Master’s Voice. The film industry nevertheless retained its allure for him, and in 1939 he returned to Bombay, working for a spell under broadcasting legend Z.A. Bokhari. After earning his first film work as an assistant musical director in 1942, Batish later graduated to full-fledged Bollywood musical director, in the years to follow working with playback singer greats including Asha Bhosle, Lata Mangeshkar, and Mohammed Rafi.

Batish also moonlighted as a playback singer in 70 films, singing 115 songs, among them 1944’s Daasi and 1948’s Barsaat ki Raat, before relocating to Britain in 1964. After accepting a position with the BBC Immigration Unit, Batish became a regular in British radio and television, most notably composing “Nai Zindagi Naya Jivan,” the theme song to the Beeb’s classic South Asian series Apna Hi Ghar Samajhiye (“Make Yourself at Home”). He also returned to his roots as a live musician, performing Indian folk and classical music on the vichitra veena, a long-necked fretless flute. In 1965 Batish was summoned by percussionist Keshav Sathe to record the Indian-inspired incidental music for the Beatles’ second feature film, Help! — the experience also proved the beginning of his lifelong friendship with Beatle George Harrison, who later hired Batish to teach his then-wife Patti Boyd the stringed dilruba.

In 1969 Batish assembled wife Shanta Devi, daughter Vijay Laxmi and sons Ashwin Kumar and Ravi Kumar to record North Indian Folk and Classical Music, which for decades remained the lone Indian release to appear on the seminal folk label Topic Records. A year later, the family emigrated to the U.S., settling in northern California and founding a restaurant, the Santa Cruz-based Krishna Café. Although the restaurant business remained Batish’s primary focus for the remainder of his life, he continued playing live and also cut the occasional LP, most notably 1980s Raga Todi, 1985’s Om Shanti Meditation on Dilruba and 1997’s The 72 Carnatic Melakhartas.

He founded “Batish Institute of Music and Fine arts” in California and wrote about 12 books on Indian Classical music,like Ragopaedia,Raga Channels,Rasik Raga lakshan Manjiri etc. He had also founded Batish Recording Co.

He died at age 91 on July 29, 2006.

His singing on AIR drew the attention of an older cousin, Pandit Amarnath, who was an accomplished musician in the Punjabi film industry in Lahore. Amarnath gave Batish the opportunity to sing a song – Pagdi Sambhal Jatta – he had composed for the film Gawandi (1942). The song became a hit, making Batish popular. But, all told, the experience was bittersweet. Ashwin says his father did not relish acting in the movie: the frequent takes, the blinding light from mirrors used as reflectors unnerved him.

As Amarnath’s assistant, Batish learned various aspects of music direction: rehearsing with singers, synchronising instruments and working with an orchestra. These learnings opened yet another opportunity for him. He was invited to Bombay by the Marathi writer and film impresario Keshav Prahlad Atre (Acharya Atre) to compose music for the film Paayaachi Daasi. But, in the end, credit was given to Annasaheb Mainkar.

After the Partition in 1947, the year Amarnath died, Batish moved back to Bombay, this time not to try his luck as an actor, but as a singer and composer. Several prominent music directors of the day employed him for their movies – Anil Biswas for Laadli, Husnlal-Bhagatram for Sawan Bhado, Hamari Manzil, and Surajmukhi; Ghulam Mohammad for Kundan; Roshan for Barsat ki Raat and Taksal; and Madan Mohan for Ada and Railway Platform. Some of his more notable songs were sung with Geeta Dutt in films he provided music himself, such as Betaab and Bahu Beti. He was associated with films in Hindi and gave music to 20 films, composing 154 songs, as S.D.Batish,Master Ramesh and Nirmal Kumar. Some of his songs were famous.

Batish, whose musical oeuvre has been described as an “amalgam of classical music and Punjabi folk and popular styles” composed for 20 films, including Har Jeet, Tipu Sultan and Toofan. For two films, he composed under the name Nirmal Kumar – a moniker that Lata Mangeshkar had given him for luck, according to Ashwin.

By this time, Batish had grown disenchanted with the Hindi film world. Ashwin recalls that his father needed a steady income to sustain his young family, but payments were erratic and delayed. Irked by this, Batish worked for a while to set up an artistes’ union to give them a platform to air their grievances and demands. Then the family decided to go to England.

Shanta Devi, like Batish early in his career, had been an artist with the All India Radio at one time. To raise money for the air tickets, the family sold its land in Bombay’s Santa Cruz neighbourhood – now worth a fortune, Ashwin says. Its new home was on Birchington Road, a residential area in London’s West Hampstead.

The move to the US, as with the one to England, was a family decision. Shanta Devi’s initiative led to the Batish India House (at first called the Sri Krishna Café), a restaurant on Santa Cruz’s Mission Street that served Indian food while music was played by members of the Batish family. “I would serve food and then jump on stage to play music,” remembered Ashwin, who like his father plays several instruments, including the sitar and tabla.

The restaurant was featured often in the local paper, The Santa Cruz Sentinel, and ran till 1985, before music became the all-absorbing act, and SD Batish embarked on the “project of a lifetime”. His wish to collate, annotate, and set in writing every known detail of the Hindustani (the Ragopedia compendia) and Carnatic musical systems coincided with Ashwin’s discovery of Gopher, an early internet protocol that enabled files to be recorded, uploaded and distributed easily. It was a project envisioned after their visits to the library of the University of Berkeley yielded barely a few books on Indian music, and mostly on the Carnatic tradition. What was an inspiration for Batish to explain every raga became a boon not merely for music aficionados but also for his students who were familiar only with English.

He regularly performed with his children, Ashwin and daughter Meena, and lived long enough to see his grandchildren, Keshav and Mohini, grow into musicians. ( Thanks to obituary and bio byJason Ankeny and an article by Anu kumar in scroll.in dated 24-6-2021, along with muVyz, HFGK, Wiki and my notes. All excerpts are adapted ).

Today’s song is the 8th song from this film to be posted here. I like this song very much, I hope you too will like it.


Song- Kisi rangeen duniya mein na kya kya zindagi dekhi (Laadli)(1949) singer-S D Batish, Lyrics-Chandrashekhar Pandey, MD-Anil Biswas

Lyrics

kisi rangeen duniya mein
na kya kya zindagi dekhi
rulaa de gham ko bhi ek baar
aisi zindagi dekhi
kisi rangeen duniya mein
na roti pet ko
kapde na tan ko
ghar na rahne ko
na roti pet ko
kapde na tan ko
ghar na rahne ko
magar kehlaate hain insaan
aisi zindagi dekhi
rulaa de gham ko bhi ek baar

luti duniya kisi ki
ee ee ee ee ee ee
luti duniya kisi ki
par wo sotey bhool kar rona
kafan laaun kahaan se haaaaye
kafan laaun kahaan se haaye
aisi zindagi dekhi
rulaa de gham ko bhi ek baar

umar baali phati dhoti
idhar kheenche udhar kheenche
umar baali phati dhoti
idhar kheenche udhar kheenche
jawaani bhookh donon se
sataayi zindagi dekhi
rulaa de gham ko bhi ek baar

Tadapte bhookh se bachche
padi beemaar hai beevi
Tadapte bhookh se bachche
padi beemaar hai beevi
padi beemaar hai beevi
na kuchh paayaa aa aa
na kuchh paaya
to rassi se
lalakti zindagi dekhi
kisi rangeen duniya mein


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4730 Post No. : 16449 Movie Count :

4466

In the early era of Talkie films, few film studios were famous and well established. Most of these were into making Silent films also. Studios like Prabhat, Imperial, Maadan, Sagar, Bharat, Ranjit, Krishna Tone, Saroj, Saraswati, Kamala Movietone and Ploayart Phototone (of Kardar) from Lahore were active in making Talkie films in the first few years. Studios like Elephanta Movietone- Punjab, Oriental pictures-Lahore, Sharda Movietone-Bombay, Eastern Films Ltd.- Hyderabad, Pioneer Films- Calcutta Ajanta Cinetone (Bhavnani) etc. jumped into the fray 2-3 years later and made Talkie films.

Over a period, studios having a strong and solid financial base and own studios sustained for longer periods and the smaller, occasional filmmakers disappeared. As the time went by, some more powerful and healthy film studios like Minerva(Sohrab Modi) and Bombay Talkies (Himanshu Rai and Devika Rani)entered the filmmaking and gave memorable quality films. After few years, ambitious and capable young people working in these studios separated and established their own studios like Mehboob Studios, Kardar Studios, Raj kamal Kala Mandir etc.

This went on expanding till the studio system crumbled in or around late 40’s and 50’s and Freelancing started. This escalated the cost of making films. Films which were made in 40-50 thousands in early 40’s, went up in Lakhs by late 50’s and then on in crores. Now a popular and successful Hero takes his fees in Crores. The cost of higher class cinema theatres’ tickets rose from 1 rupee to 400 rupees for reclining seats and a Blanket if you want to sleep there ! Only one thing remains same from early cinema theatres to today’s luxurious Multiplex theatres and that is BED BUGS !! They are still available free with every ticket !!!

Today’s song is from film Kokila-1937, made by Sagar Movietone. It will not be an exaggeration to say that the First Decade of Talkie films, i.e. 1931 to 1940 belonged to Sagar Movietone. They made 51 Hindi films in this period and many of these films became Hits and Popular . Films like –

1932 Zarina, Maya Bazar and Meerabai
1933 Mahabharat and Premi Paagal
1934 Grihalaxmi and Shehar ka Jaadu
1935 Dr. Madhurika, Al Hilaal, Vengeance is mine
1936 Man Mohan, Do Deewane and Village Girl
1937 Jagirdar, Kokila and Mahageet( playback started in Bombay from this film)
1938 Dynamite, Gramophone Singer, Hum Tum aur Woh ( first film with 3 Heroes) and 300 days and after
1939 Ek hi Rasta, Ladies Only and Service Ltd.
1940 Alibaba, Civil Marriage and Kumkum

These films were Hits or Popular.

Sagar also gave opportunities to youngsters to become big names later in life. Some examples are-

Actors Motilal, Surendra, Sheikh Mukhtar, Yaqub, Kumar, Sankata Prasad
Director Mehboob, Sarvottam Badami,Ramchandra Thakur, C M Luhar, Nanubhai Vakil, Ezra Mir and Kanjibhai Rathod (First Dalit director to get a chance)
MDs Anil Biswas, Pransukh Nayak, S P Rane, Anupam Ghatak
Actresses Bibbo, Sabita Devi, Maya Banerjee, Sitara Devi and Shobhana Samarth ( after her first film ‘ Nigahe Nafrat’-1935, she got a boost with 2 films here)

Surendra and Motilal were initiated in films by Sagar. The pair of Motilal and Sabita Devi was so popular that they paired in 8 successful films. It was also in Sagar that Mehboob, Anil Biswas and Faredoon Irani became thick friends.( it is another matter that AB and Mehboob split in 1940, never to come together again). They made 6 films together in Sagar.
Thus the contribution of Sagar Movietone in giving successful stars in all fields was ,if not better, but at least equal to Prabhat, Ranjit, Bombay Talkies and New Theatres.

Film Kokila -37 was directed by Sarvottam Badami and the music was by Anil Biswas. The cast included the popular pair of Motilal and Sabita Devi as well as Shobhana Samarth, Siddiqui, Maya Banerji, Sitara, Sankata prasad etc. This film was based on the popular noel of the same name, by R.V.Desai (20-5-1892 to 20-9-19540 a leading Gujarati novelist. Another film on his other novel Purnima was made by Prakash Pictures in 1938. The dialogues and songs were written by Siddiqui – who had also acted in this film. He was earlier in New Theatres having acted in films like Pooran Bhagat-32, Rajrani Meera-33 and Chandidas-34. The screenplay was by R.R. Gharekhan, who later changed his name to ‘ Gautam’. As per review of Baburao Patel in his magazine Film India, the film was not very good. however it did good business.

Today’s song is sung by Dattaram kadam- a name I heard first and last time here. Even in Marathi films, he is not mentioned anywhere. The song is good and the singer seems to be an expert. Maybe he was an actor singer on Marathi stage dramas. Anil Biswas was typically very fond of Chorus songs. Almost all of his films will have 1 or 2 Chorus songs. In this film also there are 2 Chorus songs. This film was released on 30-10-1937 in Roxy theatre, Bombay. With this song film Kokila-1937 makes its Debut on this Blog.

( information from the book ” Sagar Movietone” by Biren Kothari ji, ” तीन भिंतींची दुनिया ” by Bhai Bhagat, HFGK and my notes is used for this write up, with thanks.)


Song-Auron ka jag kya hai saadhu apni duniya paida kar (Kokila)(1937) Singer- Dattaram Kadam, Lyricist- Siddiqi, MD- Anil Biswas

Lyrics

Auron ka jag kya hai saadhu
apni duniya paida kar
Auron ka jag kya hai saadhu
apni duniya paida kar
aashaaon ki naao mein baithh ke
aashaaon ki naao mein baithh ke
naya kinaara paida kar
aashaaon ki naao mein baithh ke
naya kinaara paida kar
Auron ka jag kya hai saadhu
apni duniya paida kar
Auron ka jag kya hai saadhu
apni duniya paida kar

jeewan apna apne saare
jeewan apna apne saare
apna ho ??
jeewan apna apne saare
apna ho ??
apna mandir apna devta
apni pooja paida kar
apna mandir apna devta
apni pooja paida kar
Auron ka jag kya hai saadhu
apni duniya paida kar
Auron ka jag kya hai saadhu
apni duniya paida kar
aashaaon ki naao mein baithh ke
aashaaon ki naao mein baithh ke
naya kinaara paida kar
aashaaon ki naao mein baithh ke
naya kinaara paida kar
Auron ka jag kya hai saadhu
apni duniya paida kar
Auron ka jag kya hai saadhu
apni duniya paida kar


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4725 Post No. : 16437

Today’s song is from the film Do Raaha-1952, about which not much is known- except whatever is given in the HFGK.The film was made under the banner of ‘Progressive Pictures,Bombay’. It was directed by Bal Chhabra and was produced by his elder brother Sujit Chhabra under their own banner. The cast of the film was Nalini Jayawant, Shekhar, K N Singh, Agha, Dewan Sharara, Jagdish Sethi and many more. The 8 songs of this film were written by Prem Dhawan-6 songs and one each by Sahir Ludhianvi and Josh Malihabadi. It seems, there was one more song ” Sab paise ki hai maya” sung by Shankar Dasgupta, S D Batish and Prem Dhawan. The song was also recorded but not included in the film. The music was by Anil Biswas.

Like the film title ‘Do Raaha’, Anil Biswas was also almost at a Do Raaha point in his life. He was a disturbed person. His relations with wife Ashalata were worsening by the day. At the same time his closeness to Meena Kapoor was increasing. Out of his total 90 films in his career, 60 films were over and he was looking at the last 1/3 part of his career with a pessimistic view. After this film, he gave music to 29 more films, but his old magic seemed to be deserted him on the way somewhere. Only the films Fareb-53, Pardesi-57, Char dil char rahen-59 and Sautela Bhai-62 had songs having his faint old stamp.

Anil Biswas, the Bhishma Pitamaha of HFM, was a respected person in the industry. He started from the mid 30s and for the next 25 years or so, he created many everlasting gems in film songs. In Bombay,the Playback system was first started by him in the film Mahageet-1937. By the mid 50s his magic started waning and by 1960, he was almost gone from the industry.

Initially he did 10-11 films with Sagar, then with Mehboob for National studios and then in Bombay talkies- where his name became immortal with the film Kismet-1943.

He married Ashalata in 1936. Along with her he started variety pictures and they produced films like Laadli-49,Laajawab-50;Badi bahu-51,Hamdard-53 and Bajuband-54. ( a less known fact is-Anil da had made a Guest appearance in film Hamdard-53 as a barber. He also acted in the film Mehman-53 (produced by Ashalata),as a Pujari and a song was shot on him.In both cases he did not get any payments. As a Producer he lost heavily, because Ashalata usurped all the money. Frustrated, he gave up everything and separated from her in 1954.

To sustain life, he bought a Truck and did a business of transportation. In addition he also took the contract for a canteen in Mehboob Studios. He failed in both ventures. By now, his relations with Ashalata were soured and sweet links were established with singer Meena Kapoor-25 years younger to him, since 1948 itself. They got married with each other on 19-3-1957. The death of Brother in law and close friend Pannalal Ghosh in 1960 and younger brother Sunil in 1961 as well as his eldest son, broke his heart. He left Bombay and joined A.I.R. at Delhi on 1-3-1963, where he worked upto 27-6-1975. Later he was a consultant for Nehru University for a few years.

Like many filmi couples, Anil da’s married life was also a failure. In Bombay,he used to stay in a huge bungalow,called ” Asha-Pradeep “, on Vincent Road. From Ashalata,he got 3 sons-Pradeep, Amit and Utpal and 1 daughter-Shikha. His son Utpal formed a pair as Amar-Utpal and gave music to few films. The other son Amit established the First Digital Recording Studio in Bombay. Daughter Shikha too got married and settled.

However, hardly anything is known about his eldest son Pradeep, anywhere. Here is some information, hitherto not known much, brought specially for our readers.

Pradeep was a very bright student and always topped in school and college. He passed his entrance exam and the interview, with flying colours for entry to NDA college at Poona, to join armed forces. He excelled even in NDA training. Not only was he very popular there but sang well too. He participated in the music Festival of Khadakwasla NDA and sang 3 songs, winning all prizes. He was also an NDA Topper.

Shri Gopinath Talwalkar, an A.I.R. Programmer at Delhi, used to interview the Toppers of NDA every year. That year Pradeep was the Topper, so he was interviewed. Though the interview was in Hindi, after the recording, Pradeep asked Talwalkar, in pure Marathi, whether his interview had been good. Talwalkar was shocked. Pradeep then explained that he was Anil Biswas’s son and he had learnt Marathi from his actress mother Ashalata. Pradeep knew Hindi, Marathi, English and Gujarati languages.

After completing his NDA training, he was posted as Flight cadet at Jodhpur. He was further promoted and became Pilot Officer in 1957. During one Training flight some altitude problems occurred and his plane crashed at Begumpet Airport, Hyderabad, killing Pradeep instantly. This happened in 1961.

This was also the time of crisis for Anil da. He was struggling to survive. Films were not coming to him. Since he married Meena Kapoor, Lata Mangeshkar-a fast close friend of Ashalata , had gone against him and Meena’s singing career was suppressed. He had already lost Pannalal Ghosh and Sunil-his brother, and now Pradeep’s death devastated him and he was literally forced to seek employment with Delhi A.I.R., when the opportunity came. After retirement, till his death on 31-5-2003, he spent his life in total anonymity as a recluse. So sad for a composer, who was once a fountain of enthusiasm and who was considered Mentor by leading contemporary composers like C.Ramchandra.

Here is an interesting incident about the film Girls School-1949, between C Ramchandra, Anil Biswas and Lata Mangeshkar. This film was produced by Kavi Pradeep under the banner of Lokmanya Productions, Bombay. This was a company floated by him and Amiya Chakrawarty-director of this film. To understand the complexities of Girls school, we must go back a little. In 1942, Anil Biswas was invited by Ranjit @ 1500 pm and by Bombay Talkies @ 2500 pm. As National studio was winding up, Anil Biswas wanted to make a change anyway, but due to the contract of national he could not join Bombay Talkies openly. He ,however , gave music to film Basant-42 and the name of his brother in Law, Pannalal Ghosh was used as its MD.

Finally when Anil Biswas joined Bombay Talkies, there were already 2 groups there. One was led by Devika Rani and Amiya Chakraborty and the other was led by S. Mukherjee along with Ashok kumar, Gyan Mukherjee, Pradeep etc- a total of 15 artistes. Anil Biswas was invited by Devika Rani and that too at 2500 pm, when Pradeep was getting 1500 pm. This irritated Pradeep no end and he started troubling and finding faults with Anil Biswas. However Anil Biswas gave excellent music to film Kismet and then everyone was happy as the film celebrated jubilees everywhere.

With this background, Anil Biswas joined Girls school as a MD, mainly due to Amiya who knew his calibre. Kavi Pradeep being a producer and a Lyricist started interfering with Anil Bswas’s work and criticising him at every opportunity. Anil Biswas was fed up. He had already recorded 3 songs and a solo by Lata , “tum hi kaho, mera man udas kyun na rahe” was to be recorded. Anil Biswas had taken C Ramchandra as his assistant for this film. Though C Ramchandra was already a popular and well known composer himself, still due to sheer respect for Anil Biswas, he had accepted to be his assistant here. When the tune for Lata’s solo was made, Pradeep passed caustic remarks about it being not so good. There was an altercation between Anil Biswas and Pradeep and Biswas quit then and there and went away.

Automatically, C Ramchandra had to take over as MD for the balance songs. Pradeep was very happy. Next day recording of Lata’s solo song took place under the supervision of C Ramchandra, as planned. Later when Lata came to know that Anil Biswas had left and C Ramchandra had replaced him,she was very angry and said that she would not have recorded the song had she known about AB’s exit. She objected to CR’s taking over and complained to the Artistes association too. (Remember, at that time Lata and CR’s relations had not formed yet, Lata was still with Husnlal.)

Later on in 1954, when O P Nayyar replaced Roshan for Mehbooba-54, Lata took up the issue with the MDs’ association. Anil Biswas was the chairman that time and OPN was boycotted. That time Lata quoted the film Girls school incident to prove that she is “highly Principled” !

Anyway, this was how C Ramchandra became the next MD of Girls school-49, with 4 duets of Shamshad and 1 solo for Lalita Deulkar. All the 4 duets of this pair are very interesting. However, with all this jhamelas, film Girls school-49 was a total Flop. Pradeep lost heavily and closed the production company forthwith, after just one film.

Today’s song is a very good song and I was surprised to see that it was not yet posted here. Actually, there may still be some more such Gems, waiting to be discovered. This song is sung by Anil Biswas, Meena Kapoor, Shankar Dasgupta and Shamshad. I liked this song. You too will like it.

(Information used in this article is from books Sagar Movietone, Journey down melody lane, Ritu aaye Ritu jaaye, my notes and Marathi book Anil Biswas, with thanks).


Song-Arre na jaane kya samjhen ye moonchhon waale moonchhon waale (Doraha)(1952) Singers- Shankar Das Gupta,Shamshad Begam, Meena Kapoor, Anil Biswas, Lyricist- Prem Dhavan, MD- Anil Biswas
Female chorus
Male chorus

Lyrics

ae jee bach ke chalna aa
paaon mein moch aa na jaaye
ae kamar naazuk kahin bal kha na jaaye

are na jaane kya samjhe ye
moonchho waale
moonchhon waale

khud ko shaane khuda samjhen ye
moonchhon waale
moonchhon waale

ye baanki tagdi moonchho waale
ye ulti seedhhi moonchho waale
ye bin moonchho ke moonchho waale
khud ko shaane khuda samjhen ye
moonchho waale
moonchho waale

degree lene aaye thhe
mister magar
pad gayi jaane kahaan
unki nazar

ishq ke college mein aise
kho gaye
ho o o
ho o o
B A hote hote Majnoo ho gaye
aur humko bhi Laila samjhe
ye moonchho waale
moonchho waale
aur humko bhi Laila samjhe
ye moonchho waale
moonchho waale

ye chhoti chhoti moonchhon waale
ye moti moti moonchhon waale
ye bin moonchhon ke moonchhon waale
khud ko shaane khuda samjhen ye
moonchho waale
moonchho waale

saara din to jootiyaan chatkaayen hum
aur tab kahin ye chaar paise paayen hum

aeji laaye saadi
laayen powder surkhiyaan aan
o o o o
o o o o
tum udaao aur kamaate jaayen hum
arre phir bhi naaz dikhaayen haay
zulfon waale
zulfon waale

o phir bhi naaz dikhaayen haay
zulfon waale
zulfon waale

hoy naagan ban das jaayen haay
zulfon waale
zulfon waale

ho naagan ban das jaayen
ho das jaayen
ho das jaayen
haay
naagan ban das jaayen haay
zulfon waale
zulfon waale

ek din mister zara
ghar bhi raho
aur aane jaane waalon se parda karo

maanjo bartan
jhaadoo do
paani bharo
o o o o
o o o
jis tarah marte hain hum
tum bhi maro
phir dekhen khud ko kya samjhen
ye moonchhon waale
moonchhon waale
phir dekhen khud ko kya samjhen
ye moonchhon waale
moonchhon waale

ye Hitler jaisi moonchhon waale
ye machchar jaisi moonchhon waale
ye bin moonchhon ke moonchhon waale
khud ko shaane khuda samjhen ye
moonchho waale
moonchho waale
humko na jaane kya samjhen
ye moonchhon waale
moonchhon waale


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4687 Post No. : 16371 Movie Count :

4446

‘Nai Roshni’ (1941) was produced by Mehboob Khan under the banner of National Studios and was jointly directed by Chimankant Gandhi and Lalit Mehta. The star cast included Sardar Akhtar, Harish, Husn Bano, Amar, Kanhaiyalal, Sunalini Devi, Sankata Prasad, Budho Advani, Agha, Baby Meena etc.

The director-pair of Chimankant Gandhi and Lalit Mehta had also directed ‘Aasra’ (1941) and Lala Ji’ (1941) – both under the banner of National Studios. Those days, under studio system, it was not uncommon to have two directors for films. It is possible that the original directors assigned for the films were unable to continue their assignments due to a variety of reasons. But when the same pair of directors is repeated in more than one film, it can be safely assumed that the pair has jointly directed the film. For example, Bakul Bhatt and Babubhai Mistri jointly directed two films – ‘Muqabala’ (1942) and ‘Mauj’ (1943). V G Damle and Sheikh Fattelal jointly directed 3 films – ‘Gopal Krishna’ (1938), ‘Sant Dnyaneshwar’ (1940) and ‘Sant Tukaram’ (1948).

There were a few cases where only one film was jointly directed by the pair of directors but not as a substitute for the original director. For example, Zia Sarhadi and Mahendra Thakore jointly directed ‘Postman/Abhilasha’ (1938), Virendra Desai and Mahendra Thakore did for ‘Sadhana’ (1939) and S U Sanny and M Sadiq for ‘Namaste’ (1943).

On checking the details of some of the films produced under the banners of Sagar Movietone and National Studios, I found that Chimankant Gandhi and Lalit Mehta had worked as Assistant/Chief Assistant Director to Mehboob Khan in some films beside also involved in the other areas of film productions since the early years of Sagar Movietone after the advent of sound films These two names are also mentioned in the book, ‘Sagar Movietone’ by Biren Kothari.

Both Chimankant Gandhi and Lalit Mehta were in the inner circle of friends of Mehboob Khan from his Sagar Movietone days. Chimankant Gandhi had started with Mehboob Khan as his Assistant Director from ‘Deccan Queen’ (1936). He continued his association with Mehboob Khan in the same capacity until Mehboob Khan’s last film, ‘Son Of India’ (1962). I have noticed that in the credit titles of the films, the name of Chimankant Gandhi appeared first and that too in bold/capital letters among Mehboob Khan’s 3-4 assistant directors. This shows how important Chimankant was for Mehboob Khan. Lalit Mehta worked as Production Controller and in other capacity with Mehboob Khan during his days in Sagar Movietone and National Studios until he independently directed ‘Amaanat’ (1943) and ‘Azaadi Ki Raah Par’ (1948). I could not trace Lalit Mehta’s filmy career after 1948.

‘Nai Roshni’ (1942), brings another long-term association of Mehboob Khan with Agha Jani Kashmiri, the story, screen-play and dialogues writer. Lucknow-born Agha Jani Kashmiri (1908-1998) had a very interesting journey to his filmy career. At the age of 24, he ran away from his home to Rangoon to become the lead actor in ‘Shaan-E-Subhaan’ (1933) opposite Sultana. After working in a few films at Kolkata, Agha Jani Kashmiri came to Mumbai some time during the second half of 1930s and joined Bombay Talkies. Himanshu Rai, the boss of Bombay Talkies, after knowing his literary background encouraged him to pursue the career in story, screen-play and dialogue writing. He got the first assignment as a screen-play writer for ‘Vachan’ (1938) which was a box office success. He had a small role in Bombay Talkies next film, ‘Bhabhi’ (1938).

In 1940, Agha Jani Kashmiri joined Mehboob’s National Studios and wrote story, screen-play and dialogues for ‘Aasra’ (1941) and ‘Nai Roshni’ (1941). With the closure of National Studios in 1942, Mehboob Khan set up his own production house, Mehboob Productions. The first film produced under the new banner was ‘Najma’ (1943) for which Agha Jani wrote story, screen-play and dialogues. The film was a box office success. Thereafter, Mehboob Khan and Agha Jani Kashmiri combination tasted high box office success in ‘Taqdeer’ (1943), ‘Humayun’ (1945), ‘Anmol Ghadi’ (1946) and ‘Anokhi Ada’ (1948). Agha Jani Kashmiri’s last film with Mehboob Khan was ‘Amar’ (1954).

During his filmy career, Agha Jani Kashmiri wrote story/scree-play/dialogues for over 50 films most of which were box office hits. It was an irony of fate that ‘Tohfa’ (1948), the only film which he produced, directed and wrote story, screen play and dialogues, failed miserably at the box office. But this failure did not dent his stature as a screen-play and dialogue writer. He continued to be active in the film industry until about mid-1970s when he and his wife migrated to Canada to joined his two sons who have settled there. Agha Jani Kashmiri died on March 27, 1998 in Toronto.

‘Nai Roshni’ (1941) was released in Mumbai on November 8, 1941 and a review of the film was published in January 1942 issue of ‘Filmindia’. Based on the review, a summarized version of the story is given below:

Bihari (Amar) is a bank manager and Indira (Sardar Akhtar) is his fashionable wife. Mohan (Kanhaiyalal) is a clerk in the same bank whose financial condition is poor. He has a demanding wife in Vijaya (Sunalini Devi). His daughter, Geeta (Husn Bano) is of a marriageable age. Master ji (Sankata Prasad)’s family stay in the neighborhood of Mohan who has a grown-up son, Madan (Harish), a music teacher. Geeta has joined Madan’s music class and both love each other. But the marriage will have to wait until the financial condition of her father, Mohan improves.

Bihari has a reputation of having affairs with girls. One day, when his wife is away, he brings a girl to his house but is caught red handed by his wife. In order to bring her husband to the senses, Indira hatches a plan in which she pretends to have an affair with Madan by joining his music class. Madan is unaware that Indira is the wife of bank manager, Bihari. The ‘affair’ comes to the notice of Bihari and he is determined to end his wife’s affair with Madan. However, when he is made to believe that Madan has been staying in his house with Indira, Bihari hatches a counter plan which results into some hilarious situations. The only way, Bihari can end his wife’s ‘affair’ is to get Madan married to Geeta which he succeeds. At the end, parents of Geeta and Madan are happy and Indira is happy that her husband has realised not to have his extra-marital relationship.

The film had 11 songs, all written by Dr. Safdar Aah Sitapuri and set to music by Anil Biswas. None of the videos of the songs was available on any video sharing platform. So, I have uploaded a song, ‘wo poochhten hain ae dil tu kiska hai shaidaayi’ which I am presenting here. The song is rendered by Harish and Sardar Akhtar. The audio quality of the song is not up to the mark as the background music sounds as loud as the song rendition. The reviewer of the film had criticised the sound recording of the film.

A feature of this song is that it has a long prelude music (103 seconds).

With this song, ‘Nai Roshni’ (1941) makes its debut on the Blog.

Audio Clip:

Song-Wo poochhte hain ae dil tu kiska hai shaidaayi (Nai Roshni)(1941) Singers-Harish, Sardar Akhtar, Lyrics-Safdar Aah Sitapuri, MD-Anil Biswas
Both

Lyrics

wo poochhten hain ae dil
tu kiska hai shaidaayi
wo poochhten hain ae dil
tu kiska hai shaidaayi

chup hoon to jiyoon kaise
boloon to hai ruswaayi
chup hoon to jiyoon kaise
boloon to hai rusawaayi

wo poochhten hain ae dil
tu kiska hai shaidaayi
wo poochhate hain ae dil

kyun aag uthaata hai
tu phool ke dhokhe mein
kyun aag uthaata hai
tu phool ke dhokhe mein

leti hai ?? aankhon ko kinaaraa ??
let hai ?? aankhon ko ??
wo kam hai jo kar guzre
deewaana wo deewaana
wo kam hai jo kar guzre
deewaana wo deewaana

jab zabt karaana thha
phir kyun kiya saudaayi
jab zabt karaana thha
phir kyun kiya saudaayi

wo poochhaten hain ae dil
tu kiska hai shaidaayi
wo poochhaten hain ae dil
tu kiska hai shaidaa..yi


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4675 Post No. : 16351

“Jalti Nishaani”(1957) was produced by A G Dhanik and directed by Harish. This “Costume drama”(Veshbhoosha pradhan) movie had Geeta Bali, Kamal Kapoor, Ulhas, Kuldeep Kaur, Sundar, Chaman Puri, Indu Pal, Sheikh, Nazeer Kashmiri, Kamal, Mohan, Fazle Kareem, Patanjali, Nathan Raj, Ajeet, K Dukhiya, Asha, Meena, Najma etc in it.

The movie had eight songs in it. Five songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the sixth song from “Jalti Nishaani”(1957) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Shamshad Behgam and Meena Kapoor. Qamar Jalalabadi is the lyricist. Music is composed by Anil Biswas.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knoledgeable readers to thro light on the picturisation of this song.

Lyrics of this song were sent to me by Prakashchandra.

Audio link:

Song-Saaf bata de o hajaayee tu dilbar hai kiska (Jalti Nishaani)(1957) Singers-Shamshad Begum, Meena Kapoor, Lyrics-Qamar Jalalabadi, MD-Anil Biswas

Lyrics(Provided by Prakashchandra)

arrey o o o o Teesmaar khaan

saaf bataa dey ae
o harjaayee ee
tu dilbar hai kis ka
saaf bataa dey ae ae
o harjaayee ee
tu dilbar hai kis ka

jaa rey jaa
tujhe dekh liyaa
kahin aankh ladin
aur khiskaa
khiskaa
khiskaa
saaf bataa dey
o harjaayee ee
tu dilbar hai kis ka
saaf bataa dey ae

mast nigaahein
qaafir qaafir
sau raahen aur ek musaafir
qaafir qaafir ek musafir

ek ka ho jaa o deewaaney
ek ka ho jaa o deewaaney
yaa us ka
yaa is ka
ho jaa aa
yaa us ka

yaa is ka
kis kaa
saaf bataa dey ae
o harjaayee ee
tu dilbar hai kis ka
saaf bataa dey ae

duniyaa mein kuchch kaam to kar jaa aa
jeene waaley mujhpe mar ja
hho mar jaa mar jaa..aa
jeene waaley mujhpe mar jaaa

o balle balle balle balle balle ae ae
maar ke na woh
chadh jaa soolee
rastaa dekhey kis ka
chadh jaa soolee
rasta dekhey kis ka
kis kaa
saaf bataa dey ae
o harjaayee eee
tu dilbhar hai kis ka
saaf bataa dey ae

ek nazar qurbaan hai us par
ek nazar kab se hai is par
ek nazar qurbaan hai us par

dil kehta hai is ka us ka
is ka us ka
is ka us ka
khiska
khiskaa
o khiska
khiskaa
khiskaa

saaf bataa dey ae
o harjaayee eee
tu dilbar hai kis ka

jaa rey ja tujhe dekh liya
kahin aankh lade aur
khiskaa
khiskaa
khiskaa aa


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4670 Post No. : 16346

“Girls’ School”(1949) was written and directed by Amiya Chakraborty for Lokmanya Productions, Bombay. Lokmanya Productions was a joint venture of Kavi Pradeep and Amiya Chakraborty. This movie had Geeta Bali, Sohan, Mangala, Krishna, Sajjan, Ram Singh, Shashikala, Vimala Vashisht etc in it.

The movie had nine songs in it. Anil Biswas was signed up as the music director. But he walked out of the movie when he found Kavi Pradeep the co producer interfering in his work. So C Ramchandra composed music for the remaining songs.

Six songs from “Girls’ School”(1949) have been covered in the past. The movie incidentally had little to do with the education of girls despite its fancy title. And the movie duly flopped. So the songs of the movie are better enjoyed as standalone songs, rather than as part of this movie.

Today (1 may 2021) is the birth anniversary of Manna Dey (1 may 1919-24 october 2013). On this occasion, here is a song from “Girls’ School”(1949). The song is sung by Manna Dey and Shamshad Begam. Kavi Pradeep is the lyricist. Music is composed by Anil Biswas.

Anil Biswas is mentioned as the music director of this song, but I suspect that this song could have been composed by C Ramchandra, seeing that C Ramchandra used the voices of Shamshad Begam and Lalita Deulkar as female voices in other songs composed for the movie, mainly because Lata Mangeshkar, the first choice for female playback singer, who had recorded three songs with Anil Biswas for the movie, refused to record more songs, when she came to know about the unceremonious ouster of Anil Biswas from this movie. However, I have gone with Anil Biswas as the music director here as mentioned in HFGK.

Today is also International labour day. The lyrics of the song sound appropriate for tat occasion as well.

Lyrics of this song were sent to me by Prakashchandra.

audio link:

Song-Phoolon ka sapna dekhne waalon (Girls School)(1949) Singers-Manna Dey, Shamshad Begam, Lyrics-Kavi Pradeep, MD-Anil Biswas
Both

Lyrics(Provided by Prakashchandra)

phoolon ka sapnaa aa aa
dekhne waalon o o o
kaanton ..on ..on pe chalnaaa aa
seekh lo o
ae jee o o o
o jee o o o

haayye rey phoolon ka sapna
dekhne waalon o o
kaanton pe chalnaa seekh lo
kaanton pe chalna
seekh lo o o
haayye rey phoolon ka sapna
dekhne waalon o o
kaanton pe chalnaa seekh lo
kaanton pe chalna
apne haathon se apni qismat
apne haathon apni qismat
khud badalnaa seekh lo o o
khud badalna seekh lo
haayye rey phoolon ka sapna dekhne waalon o o o

badey atpatey jagat ke rastey ae
o o o
o jee oo

chaley ae ae chalo rey bhai
rotey hanstey
o o o o o o o
o jee oo ooo

yahaan bhool bhulaiyyaa kaheen kaheen
hai taal-talaiyyaa kaheen kaheen
dhokey ka jaal hai har taraf

dhokey ka jaal hai har taraf
zara bachke nikalnaa seekh lo
ae jee bachke nikalna seekh lo
haayye rey phoolon ka sapna dekhne waalon o o
kaanton pe chalnaa seekh lo o
kaanton pe chalna
seekh lo o o
haayye rey phoolon ka sapna dekhne waalon o o o

mat aaney do aankh mein paani ee
oo jee oo
kamzori ki hai ye nishaani..eee
oo jee oo
baadal ki kadak se mat daro
bijli ki tadak se mat daro
baadal ki kadak se mat daro o o o o oo

tum toofaanon ke beech bhi
be-dhadak tehalnaa seekh lo o o o
be-dhadak tehalnaa aa seekh lo o o
thokar pe thokar lagey
thokar pe thokar lagey
magar tum phir bhi sambhlnaa seekh lo
ae jee phir bhi sambhalnaa seekh lo
haayye rey phoolon ka sapna dekhne waalon o o o
kaanton pe chalnaa seekh lo
kaanton pe chalna
seekh lo o o
haayye rey phoolon ka sapna dekhne waalon o o


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4637 Post No. : 16292

Today, March 29th 2021, we are celebrating Holi, the festival of joy and merry-making albeit in a subdued manner due to COVID-19 guidelines, banning public and private celebrations of Holi.

During Holi, the most popular genre of Hindustani semi-classical music is Hori which, in Brajbhasha means ‘happiness’. (I understand that in Brajbhasha region, people pronounce holi as ‘hori’). The ‘hori’ songs are written mostly in Brajbhasha or Awadhi. Obviously, hori singing is popular in Uttar Pradesh and a part of Bihar. The joy and merry-making mood come in the background of the expectation of a good Rabi harvest. The blooming of flowers in the spring season (Phagun) and the mustard fields with yellow flowers create a colourful atmosphere in North India. The mood of the rejoice among the farmers and villagers create the spirit behind the Holi celebration which has, over a period of time, percolated all over the country.

The tradition of playing with colours during Holi is linked to Radha-Krishna Leela (divine play) especially in Brajbhasha region of Uttar Pradesh. Hori singing reflects Krishna’s revelries and playing pranks with Radha. Hori is generally rendered in Thumri style and conventionally, the song will have a mukhda and an antara. One of the various names of Krishna such as Shyam, Kaanha, Nandlala, Banwari, Baanke-Bihari etc would appear either in mukhda or antara part of the hori song.

In the Awadh region of Uttar Pradesh and the Mithila region of Bihar and Jharkhand (also some part of Nepal), hori singing also centres around Lord Ram. The earliest recorded hori song which I have come across is ‘Jamuna tath Ram khelen hori’ by Janaki Bai of Allahabad (Chappan Churi), recorded in 1910 which is a ‘Ram Hori’ song. Pandit Chunnilal Mishra has rendered even ‘Shiv Ki Hori’.

The traditional hori songs are based on the folk singing of the particular region and are thus embedded with the rural atmosphere. I guess, over the years, the folk songs rendered during the holi festival became so popular that some of the Hindustani classical vocalists adapted the traditional hori songs in their concerts, rendering mostly in the form of Thumris. On the video sharing platforms, some of the hori thumris rendered by Ustad Faiyyaz Khan, Kesarbai Kerkar, Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan, Pandit Bhimsen Joshi, Pandit Kumar Gandharv, Begum Akhtar, Shobha Gurtu, Girija Devi, Siddheswari Devi etc are available.

The popularity of hori songs attracted Hindi films when talkies came in 1931. The hori songs in Hindi films have now been adopted as holi festival songs, written and sung in typical Bollywood style. There are hundreds of holi songs picturised in Hindi films. As of now, we have on our Blog as many as 62 songs tagged as ‘Holi Songs’. On the basis of the movie-wise listing of the songs available on-line, the credit for the first traditional hori song used in Hindi film was ‘mope daar gayo saari rang ki gagar’ in ‘Ghar Ki Laxmi’ (1931). Probably, in the film, this song may have been rendered by Rampyari, the then famous singer-actor-dancer whose name I found in the star-cast. Unfortunately, neither the film nor the gramophone records of the songs from this film are available. It may be noted that in the early years of talkies, many film songs were not released on the gramophone records.

Luckily, I got a rare mp3 clip of the traditional hori song with the same mukhda as in ‘Ghar Ki Laxmi’ (1931) in the film ‘Comrades’ (1939) which I am presenting on the occasion of the Holi festival. The song is rendered by Wahidan Bai, the mother of Nimmi. The lyrics are traditional but it has been attributed to Dr. Safdar Aah Sitapuri. Probably, he may have changed a few words. For example, in my view, the line ‘kaisa dhokha diya’ seems to have been added in the traditional lyrics as these are in pure Hindi. The song is set to music by Anil Biswas.

The song is a typical hori thumri having a mukhda and an antara with the name of Krishna appearing as ‘Shyam’ in the antara. Being trained in Hindustani classical singing, Wahidan Bai has tendered this hori thumri with elaborations and ornamentations. It is worthwbhile to note that as to how elaborately she has rendered the line ‘bin rang daare jaane na doongi’ with ornamentations. The ‘murki’ element in the song while singing jaa….ne na doongi..ee, jaa…..ne na doongi..eeeee is my favourite.

This song becomes the earliest ‘holi song’ from Hindi films to be covered in the Blog though are a few more ‘holi songs’ pertaining to the Hindi films were released prior to 1939.

Audio Clip:

Song- Mo pe daar gaye saari rang ki gagar (Comrades)(1939) Singer-Wahidan Bai, Lyrics-Safdar Aah Sitapuri, MD-Anil Biswas

Lyrics

aaaaaaaa aaaaa
aaaaa aaaa aaaaaaaaa
aaaaa aaaa aaaa
aaa

mope daar gaye saari rang ki gagar
mope daar gaye saari rang ki gagar
kaisa dhokha diya aa aa aa
mope daar gaye saari rang ki gagar
mope daar gaye saari rang ki gagar
main to bhool se dekhan laagi udhar
main to bhool se dekhan laagi udhar
mope daar gaye saari rang ki gagar
mope daar gaye saari rang ki gagar
main to bhool se dekhan laagi udhar
main to bhool se dekhan laagi udhar
mope daar gaye saari rang ki gagar
mope daar gaye saari rang ki gagar

bin rang daare jaane na doongi
bin rang daare…ae
jaa….ne na doongi..ee
jaa…..ne na doongi..eeeee
haa…n
jaane na doo…ngi
bin rang daare jaane na doongi
bin rang daare jaane na doongi
Shyam kaho ab jaat kidhar
Shyam kaho ab jaat kidhar
mope daar gaye saari rang ki gagar
mope daar gaye saari rang ki gagar
kaisa dhokha diya aa aa aa
mope daar gaye saari rang ki gagar
mope daar gaye saari rang ki gagar


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4579 Post No. : 16189

———————————————–——————————-
Blog 10-Year Challenge (2011-2021) – Song No. 6
——————————————————————————
As many as six songs from six different movies were covered on this day ten years ago (on 30 January 2011). Here are the details:-

Blog Post number Song Movie Year Remarks
3465 Jab tumne muhabbat chheen li Amaanat 1955 YIPPEED by now
3466 Lelo sone ka laddoo Multi part song Paisa Hi Paisa 1956 5 songs covered out of 10
3467 Dil hai ye tera dil tu liye jaa Ghulaam Begam Baadshah 1956 3 songs covered out of 6
3468 O mere bichhde balam (Mr John) Mr John 1959 3 songs covered out of 6
3469 Jhoom jhoom kar chali akeli Taj 1956 YIPPEED by now
3470 Aankhon mein tum dil mein tum ho Half ticket 1962 YIPPEED by now

Three movies have since been YIPPEED in the blog. Songs from three movies are eligible for Blog Ten Year Challenge today. One of these movies (Mr John-1959) has already been covered today.

“Paisa Hi Paisa”(1956) is another eligible movie for Blog Ten Year Challenge today. This movie was directed by Mehrish for Mehboob Productions Limited, Bombay. The movie had Kishore Kumar, Shakila, Radhakishan,Muqri,Zul Velani,Murad, Sham Kumar, Amar Kumar, Kumud Tripathi, Mala Sinha, Husn Bano, Haroon, Siddiqui, P.Bali etc in it.

The movie had ten songs in it. Five of these songs (including one multiple version song) have been covered in the blog. Here are the details:-

Song Date posted
Lelo sone ka laddoo Multi part song 30 January 2011
Paise ka mantar paise ka jantar 10 May 2011
Pyaar kiya jhhakhh maari 20 December 2014
Bas ek tum bin kal na pade 19 November 2016

As part of Blog Ten Year Challenge, here is the sixth song from “Paisa Hi Paisa”(1956). The song is sung by Asha Bhonsle and Rafi. Majrooh Sultanpuri is the lyricist. Music is composed by Anil Biswas.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of the song.

Lyrics of this song were sent to me by Prakashchandra.


Song-Uff na karna (Paisa Hi Paisa)(1956) Singers-Asha Bhonsle, Rafi, Lyrics-Majrooh Sultanpuri, MD-Anil Biswas

Lyrics

uff na karnaa aaa aaa aaa
aaa aaa aaa aaa
tum mohabbat meri badnaam na ho o o o
aaj ulfat ka zamaane mein kahin
aaaa aam na ho o o o o

pee jaa agar aansoo bahey
hotaa hai gham hota rahey
pee jaa agar aansoo bahey
hotaa hai gham hoha rahey ae
honay bhi de honay bhi de honay bhi de
pee jaa agar aansoo bahey ae

o o o o
o o o o
o o o
o o o o o
o oo o o o
ek jaan aur laakhon sitam
betaab hain rone ko hum
ek jaan aur laakhon sitam
betaab hain rone ko hum m
roney bhi de roney bhi de roney bhi de
ek jaan aur laakhon sitam

o o o o
o o o o
(aakshi)
ae balma khisak jaa aaj tu
varnaa lutegi aabroo
balma khisak jaa aaj tu
varnaa lutegi aabroo
lutegi aabroo
balamaa lutegi aabroo
chal de yahaan se uff na kar
aayaa karey munh ko jigar
chal de yaahaan se uff na kar
aayaa kare munh ko jigar r
aaney bhi de aaney bhi de aaney bhi de
chal de yahaan se uff na kar

o o o o
o o o o o
o o o o o o
teraa hi dum bhartaa hoon main
marne se kab dartaa hoon main
teraa hi dum bhartaa hoon main
arrey marne se kab dartaa hoon main
nahin dartaa hoon main
sajaniyaan (haa)nahin dartaa hoon main
dekho idhar ye main chalaa
hatt jaa aree duniyaa zaraa aaa
jaaney bhi de jaaney bhi de jaaney bhi de
dekho idhar ye main chalaa


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4542 Post No. : 16112

Chandraseniya Kayastha Prabhu, popularly known as CKP is one of the numerically smallest Marathi speaking communities of Maharashtra. But he cummnity has produced many intellectuals, playwrights, writers and bureaucrats. They are also regarded as an elite and a broad-minded community. But when one of their girls, Saroj Shilotri (Shobhna Samarth after marriage) tried to venture into films, her maternal uncle (who became the guardian after the death of her father) vehemently opposed her entry into films. The reason was, ‘who will marry her’? Those days, even broad-minded communities regarded working in the films as an act of moral turpitude.

Luckily for Shobhna Samarth, before signing her first film in 1935, she got engaged to Kumar Samarth who also belonged to CKP community. He had just returned from Germany after completing a course in cinematography. Later, they married. But her maternal uncle did not forgive her for the act of what he regarded as a sacrilege of family traditions.

About 5 years later, Shobhna Samarth’s maternal uncle again faced a similar situation. This time, it was his daughter, Nalini Jaywant who was inclined to join the film industry after she was picked up by producer Chimanbhai Desai for his film, ‘Radhika’ (1941). After a great deal of persuasion by a common friend of Chimanbhai Desai and Nalini Jaywant’s maternal uncle, the latter reluctantly permitted her to act in the film.

Today, December 24, 2020 is the 10th Remembrance Day of Nalini Jaywant. 10 years ago, she died of a heart attack but it came to the notice 3 days after her death in her bungalow by neighbours, thanks to the continuing howling by her two pet dogs. She was staying alone after the death of her husband, Prabhu Dayal and was leading a life of a recluse with a couple of pet dogs to give her the company. A distant relative of her is said to have took her body on a municipal ambulance and cremated her.

This unfortunate happening shows that Nalini Jaywant’s 25 years of an active and successful filmy career with 63 films did not counted at the end. During her heydays, she used to host a number of filmy parties and get-together in her bungalow. But after the death of her husband, Prabhu Dayal, the same bungalow had witnessed almost a deserted look during her last 20 years. Her first marriage her director, Virendra Desai in 1945 who was already married with children (whom she divorced in 1948) probably the marriage arising out of infatuation. The second with Prabhu Dayal in 1963 were probably the marriage of convenience. Her parents and brothers kept distance from her. Probably, they did not like her indulgence in socially unexpected behaviour after she joined the films.

Nalini Jaywant (18/02/1926 – 24/12/2010) had two distinct phases of her filmy career. The first phase began with her debut film ‘Radhika’ (1941) produced by Chimanbhai Desai and directed by his son, Virendra Desai. Baburao Patel, the editor of ‘Filmindia’ magazine did not review the film by saying that he did not want to waste the costly paper by reviewing the useless film. Her second film to release was Mehboob Khan’s ‘Bahen’ (1941) where she was paired with Sheikh Mukhtar in the role of his younger sister. This was followed by ‘Nirdosh’ (1941) with Mukesh, ‘Aankh Michowli’ (1942) with Satish Batra and ‘Aadab Arz’ (1943) with Karan Diwan. These films did not create much ripples in the box office front but Nalini Jaywant established herself in the Hindi film industry as an accomplished actress.

Sometime in 1945, Nalini Jaywant married Virendra Desai who was already married with children. This was not liked by his father, Chimanbhai Desai who expelled Virendra Desai from the house and removed him from his film production company, Amar Films. Later, both of them signed a 2-year contract with Filmistan – Nalini Jaywant as an actress and Virendra Desai as a director with a monthly salary and a bungalow in Malad to stay. However, both of them did not get any assignment during the period of contract though Filmistan had produced films like ‘Shikaari’ (1946), ‘Aath Din’ (1946), ‘Safar’ (1946), ‘Do Bhai’ (1947), ‘Saajan’ (1947). ‘Shehnaai’ (1947) etc during the period of their contract. The two-year contract was like two-year ‘vanwaas’ for them from films. This gap was long enough for the film industry to forget their existence.

The first thing Nalini Jaywant and Virendra Desai did after the period of contract got over was to re-establish themselves in the film industry. Both of them formed a film production company, Nalini Films. ‘Gunjan’ (1948) was the outcome of it which was directed by Virendra Desai. After the failure of the film at the box office, Nalini Jaywant divorced Virendra Desai in 1948. My assessment of their divorce is that she may have realised that so long as her name is attached with Virendra Desai, she would not get any role in the new films in the making as her husband would insist to be the director of her films. The divorce was also good for Virendra Desai in that he went back to his family.

The first film Nalini Jaywant signed after her divorce was ‘Anokha Pyaar’ (1948) with Dilip Kumar and Nargis. This film gave her a new lease of life in her filmy career. Film critics praised her in the role of a flower girl. But the real-take off in her filmi career came from a hit film. ‘Samaadhi’ (1950) in which she paired with Ashok Kumar for the first time. This was followed by another big success for her in ‘Sangraam’ (1950), once again pairing with Ashok Kumar. The success of Ashok Kumar-Nalini Jaywant combination resulted in both working together in as many as 11 films during 1950-57. Her second film. ‘Shikast’ (1953) was a milestone in that she could stand-up to the acting caliber of Dilip Kumar for which he praised her for her performance.

The box office success of ‘Naastik’ (1954) in which she was paired with Ajit resulted her working with him in 11 films. But after ‘Kaala Paani’ (1958), Nalini Jaywant did not have films to much talk about. From the beginning of the 1960s, film offers started declining. Many new leading actresses had joined the film industry and the age was catching with her.

The box office failure of ‘Amar Rahe Ye Pyaar’ (1961) jointly produced by Radhakrishan and Prabhu Dayal and directed by Prabhu Dayal financially broke both of them. While Radhakrishan committed suicide by jumping from his building, Prabhu Dayal who by this time had married Nalini Jaywant, became an alcohol addict. ‘Bombay Race Course’ (1965) was virtually her last film as a heroine after which she did not work in the films until she was offered character roles in ‘Bandish’ (1980) and ‘Naastik’ (1983).

In an interview published on DNA India on the eve of Dilip Kumar’s 90th birthday, he said among other things that he consistently rated Nalini Jaywant as his formidable co-star. He further said that she was the only actress who could spring surprises in the final takes if he was not alert, thanks to the natural spontaneity she possessed.

In a rare interview of Nalini Jaywant published in the Deccan Herald after her death in 2010, she regretted that she could get the opporrtunity to show her acting prowess only in films like ‘Anokha Pyaar’ (1948), ‘Samgraam’ (1950), ‘Shikast’ (1953), ‘Raahi’ (1953) and ‘Kaala Paani’ (1958). She said that she was not interested in making a come back in the film when the offer came for a character role in ‘Naastik’ (1983). But she had to accept it after many requests from Pran and Promod Chakravarty.

Pranay Gupte, the first cousin of Nalini Jaywant [Pranay’s mother, Professor (Dr.) Charusheela Gupte and Nalini Jaywant’s mother are sisters] who had visited her bungalow many times in his teen, wrote a tributary article – ‘Alone and Forgotten’ which appeared in ‘The Hindu’- December 29, 2010. In this article, he said “Actor Nalini Jaywant was a relic of a glorious past who lived in an unforgiving present. Listening to her in the autumn of her life made you flinch”. By the way, Pranay Gupte is a veteran international journalist and authors of several books who is based in the U.S.A.

On the occasion of Nalini Jaywant’s 10th Remembrance Day, I have selected one of the songs from her second released film ‘Bahen’ (1941). In this film, there were 12 songs of which 2 songs have been covered in the Blog. The songs picturised on Nalini Jaywant in the film were sung by her.

The song I am presenting is ‘aayi jawaani jiya lehraaye’ which is rendered by and picturised on Nalini Jaywant who was 15 years of age. The song is written by Safdar Aah Sitapuri which is set to music by Anil Biswas. As the song comes to an end, one can see Shaikh Mukhtar weeping because he does not want his sister to go away from him after marriage. A young Kanhaialal, the prospective bridegroom, is also seen at the end of the song.

Video Clip:

Audio Clip:

Song-Aayi jawaani jiya lahraaye (Bahan)(1941) Singer-Nalini Jaiwant, Lyrics-Safdar Aah Sitapuri, MD-Anil Biswas

Lyrics (Based on Video Clip)

jiya lehraaye
aayi jawaani
jiya lehraaye
aayi jawaani
jiya lehraaye
piya ghar jaana
sajan ghar jaana
piya ghar jaana
sajan ghar jaana
naihar ki galiyon mein kachhu na suhaaye
naihar ki galiyon mein kachhu na suhaaye
aayi jawaani
jiya lehraaye
aayi jawaani
jiya lehraaye

sakhiyaan saheliyaan hoy gayin suhaagin
sakhiyaan saheliyaan hoy gayin suhaagin
hoy hoy mora jiya lalchaaye
hoy hoy mora jiya lalchaaye
pee ke kunwar bin sooni sooni laagoon
pee ke kunwar bin sooni sooni laagoon
sundar gahanwa more man bhaaye
sundar gahanwa more man bhaaye
aayi jawaani
jiya lehraaye
aayi jawaani
jiya lehraaye
piya ghar jaana
sajan ghar jaana
piya ghar jaana
sajan ghar jaana
naihar ki galiyon mein kachhu na suhaaye
naihar ki galiyon mein kachhu na suhaaye
aayi jawaani
jiya lehraaye
aayi jawaani
jiya lehraaye


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4527 Post No. : 16087

“Angulimaal”(1960) was produced by M/s Prakash Veramal and directed by Vijay Bhatt for P V Films, Bombay. This historical movie had Nimmi, Bharat Bhushan, Anita Guha, Ulhas, Chandrashekhar, Achla Sachdev, Manmohan Krishn, Prem Adeeb, Kesri, Rammohan, Vinod Kumar, Sheela Kashmiri, Vimla, Helen etc in it.

The movie had seven songs in it. Six songs have been covered in the past. Here are their details :-

Song Date of posting Singers Remarks
Aayi aayi basanti belaa 18 March 2011 Lata Mangeshkar, Manna Dey, Meena Kapoor
Dheere dheere dhal ri chanda ( 20 April 2011 Aarti Mukherjee
Bade aaye shikaari shikaar karne 5 May 2011 Manna Dey, Asha Bhonsle
Jaa ri na bataaun main to naam chitchor kaa 6 May 2011 Lata Mangeshkar, Meena Kapoor
Mere chanchal naina madhur ras ke bhare 27 October 2018 Meena Kapoor
Buddham sharnam gachhaami 11 October 2020 Manna Dey Picturised as a Five part song

The eighth and final song from the movie is sung by a male voice and Asha Bhonsle. Bharat Vyas is the lyricist. Music is composed by Anil Biswas.

The song is picturised on Manmohan Krishn and a lady who I guess is a young Achla Sachdev. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of the song including the identification of the lady. I feel that the male voice is that of Manmohan Krishn himself, who was an occasional singer as well.

With this song, all the songs of “Angulimaal”(1960) are now covered and the movie joins the lists of movies that have been YIPPEED in the blog.


Song-Murliwaale Gopal teri sharan mein hai mera laal (Angulimaal)(1960) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-Anil Biswas
Murli Krishn

Lyrics

om namo brahmanayadevay
go bramhanahitayse
jagathitay krishnay govinday namo namah
om

muraliwaale gopal,
gopaal
gopal

muraliwaale gopal
teri sharan mein hai mera laal
tere charan mein hai mera laal
muraliwaale gopal
teri sharan mein hai mera laal
tere charan mein hai mera laal
tu hi rakhana ise sambhal
teri sharan mein hai mera laal
tere sharan mein hai mera laal
tere charan mein hai mera laal
muraliwale gopa aa aal

phool mera hai komal-komal
kathin tera sansaar
iski dag-mag naiya kanhaiya tu hi lagaana par
khewaiyya tu hi lagaana par
har sankat dena taa aal
teri sharan mein hai mera laal
tere sharan mein hai mera laal
tere charan me hai mera laal
muraliwale gopaa aa aal
muraliwale gopal, ho muraliwale gopal

nainon ke gangaajal se
jeewan ke paap dhula de
nainon ke gangaajal se
jeewan ke paap dhula de
apni umar chadhhaaun tujhe
mere laal ko amar bana de
mere laal ko amar bana de
hey shaanti ki liye mashaal
jagaaye jag mein jyot vishal
kare uncha bharat ka bhaa aal
teri sharan mein hai mera laal
teri sharan mein hai mera laal
tere charan mein hai mera laal
muraliwaale gopal
teri sharan mein hai mera laal
tere charan mein hai mera laal
muraliwaale gopaa aa aal


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over THIRTEEN years. This blog has over 16500 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Important Announcement

(© 2008 - 2021) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

Total number of songs posts discussed

16569

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1280
Total Number of movies covered=4510

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