Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘Anil Biswas


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4372 Post No. : 15709

“Jawaani”(1942) was directed by Wajahat Mirza for National Studios, Bombay. The movie had Surendra, Jyoti, Husn Banu, Kayamali, Agha, Nawab, Dulari, Gulzar, A. R. Kabul, Sankata Prasad etc in it.

The movie had ten songs in it. Three song from the movie has been covered in the blog in the past.

Today (7 July 2020) is the 106th birth anniversary of Anil Biswas (7 July 1914 – 31 May 2003).

On this occasion, here is the fourth song from “Jawaani”(1942) to appear in the blog. This song ois sung by Surendra. Aarzoo Lucknowi is the lyricist of this song. Music is composed by Anil Biswas.

Only the audio of this song is available, but it is clear that the song was picturised on Surendra himself.

The audio is not very clear and some of the lyrics noted by me do not make sense to me, so I may have erred at a few places in the lyrics. I request our knowledgeable readers to help point out the errors as applicable.


Song-Roothhe ko hai manaana (Jawaani)(1942) Singer-Surendra, Lyrics-Aarzoo Lucknowi, MD-Anil Biswas

Lyrics

Roothhe ko hai manaana
Roothhe ko hai manaana aa aa
dukh deta hai khatakta kaanta
dukh deta hai khatakta kaanta
sooli se hai banaana
sooli se hai banaana aa aa
Roothhe ko hai manaana
Roothhe ko hai manaana

humko bhi hai chupke chupke
humko bhi hai chupke chupke
prem ka bal dikhlaana aa aa
prem ka bal dikhlaana aa
thhandi saansen ae ae ae
thhandi saansen seekh rahin hain
hawa ka rukh paltaana
Roothhe ko hai manaana
Roothhe ko hai manaana aa
Roothhe ko hai manaana

Ye hai badalti rut ka chakkar
is’se kya ghabraana aa aa
is’se kya ghabraana
Ye hai badalti rut ka chakkar
is’se kya ghabraana aa aa
is’se kya ghabraana
loot’ti jaati barkha tujhko
yahin hai laut ke aana aa
loot’ti jaati barkha tujhko
yahin hai laut ke aana
Roothhe ko hai manaana
Roothhe ko hai manaana aa
Roothhe ko hai manaana aa aa
dukh deta hai khatakta kaantaa
dukh deta hai khatakta kaantaa
sooli se hai banaana
sooli se hai banaana aa aa
Roothhe ko hai manaana
Roothhe ko hai manaana aa
Roothhe ko hai manaana


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4344 Post No. : 15650

Today’s song is from the film Jwar Bhata-44. It is an important film of the 40’s, because it was the Debut film of Dilip Kumar.

In Hindi film industry, the “Trimurti”of Raj, Dev and Dilip dominated the decades of late 40s, 50s and the 60s- a period of about 25 years in the Golden Age of Hindi films.These three were the most popular, most talked about and the most ‘ín demand’ actors when they were in full form. Each one had a dedicated fixed audience for their films.There were others equally,if not better, actors in this period like, Ashok Kumar, Motilal,Balraj Saqhni, Sanjeev Kumar etc, but these three were different.

What was so different in them ? One point strikes me most, that they never compromised,in selecting films or roles. In other words, once they got established as Heroes, they did not do any roles which did not suit their temperament, style or capacity. For example, when Ashok Kumar was famous as a Romantic Hero,he acted in a Mythological film, “Savitri’-1937, to do Satyavan’s role. Again in 1945, he did the title role in the film ‘Humayun”. Both these Genres were misfits to his image then. He looked pathetic in those misfitting roles. The big three kept off such venturisms, thoughtfully !

Secondly, they always chose only the big banners and ensured they got the maximum footage, the best songs and the best scenes. Thirdly, they never worked with heroines other than A class and of their choice.

Agewise, Dilip Kumar was the seniormost, having been born in 1922. Dev Anand was next, from 1923 and the youngest was Raj kapoor, born in 1924.However, he was the first to die, in 1988. Careerwise, Rajkapoor had only 41 years’ career, from Hamari Baaten-43 (first adult role) to Kim-84. Next was Dilip Kumar, having a career span of 54 years – from Jwar Bhata-44 to Qila-98. Dev Anand had the longest career span of 65 years, from Hum Ek Hain-46 to Chargesheet-2011. He was also the only one of the three, to continue in the next Century, i.e. 21st Century !

All the three gor Dadasaheb Phalke award. Raj Kapoor got it in 1987 at his 63rd year, Dilip Kumar in 1994,when he was72 years and Dev Anand received it in 2002, when he was 79 year old.

While Dilip Kumar and Dev Anand started as Heroes (rather one of the Heroes) in their careers, Raj Kapoor started as a Child artiste in film Inqilab-35 and did 3 films as adult roles, before he became the hero in film Neel Kamal-1947. The first one to become Hero was Dilip Kumar in Jwar Bhata-44 and next was Dev Anand in Hum Ek hain-46.

During my association with this Blog and in my 870 posts, which I wrote here, I have hardly written about songs of these 3 actors. I don’t remember exactly, but I think I have written about 2 films each of Raj, Dev and Dilip, so far. The first film of Dilip Kumar I wrote about was the film Milan-1946 and today’s film Jwar Bhata-44 is his second film today. This is his Debut film.

One more point about these three actors. It was only Raj kapoor’s First Heroine Madhubala, who also became a famous A grade actress. In case of Dilip Kumar, his first Heroine, Mridula Rani and Dev Anand’s first heroine Kamala Kotnis, never took off in Hindi films, nor did they reach A grade status. In a span of a few years, their careers as heroines ended. The Shortest career was of Kamala Kotnis ( who was actually a Telugu actress, married to a Marathi Cinematographer Pandurang Kotnis, who was the younger brother of Dr. Dwarkanath Kotnis, on whose life, V.Shantaram had made the film “Dr. Kotnis ki amar kahani”-1946). Mridula survived longer with about 60 films, upto 1980 to her credit. The last I had heard about her was, in 2016 when she was alive and stayed in Worli, Mumbai. As far as Madhubala’s career, we all know too well.

Incidentally, the case of actress Ameeta was also similar. She was the heroine of Shammi Kapoor in film “Tumsa Nahin Dekha-1957”. He became a big star, but Ameeta remained as a B and C grade film actress. The opposite is the career of Meena Kumari. In her initial career, she was the Heroine of Mahipal. Later Meena Kumari became a big A class actress, but Mahipal remained where he was- B class films.

The case of Dilip Kumar was opposite to Raj Kapoor and Dev Anand’s cases. Both these actors struggled hard in their initial stages, but Dilip was extraordinarily lucky. He was actually invited to be a Hero directly. Here is his story, how he came into the film line…

Born as Yusuf khan in Peshawar, on 11-12-1922, he was third amongst 12 siblings. His father moved to Bombay in 1930 to set up the family’s Dry Fruit business. Yusuf graduated (B.A.) from Khalsa College and took up his first job as Assistant manager in the Army Canteen at Deolali Camp, near Nashik in Maharashtra. Unlike the other two stars (Raj and Dev), he had absolutely no connection in his family with film line, dramas or any art for that matter. One brother did MBBS and settled in the UK, another did Management course and the youngest Nasir Khan alone joined films – much later than Dilip Kumar.

Devika Rani of Bombay Talkies had gone for shopping, one day. At one fruit shop, she saw Yusuf, who had, by chance, replaced his ill father, in the shop. She found his face sensitive and eyes expressive. She called him, talked to him and gave him her card, asking him to meet her next day at the studios. After the routine Screen tests,interview etc, Yusuf was taken in by Bombay Talkies as an apprentice. Devika Rani started grooming her personally. Bhagvati Charan Sharma, famous Hindi writer, employed by Bombay Talkies then, gave yususf the name Dilip. The suffix Kumar was borrowed from Ashok kumar. Bunny Rueben, Film Historian says, “Devika Rani came up with three names – Dilip Kumar, Vasudev and Jahangir. Yusuf selected Dilip kumar.”

Bombay Talkies was heaven for New talents. It had launched and relaunched to fame, Heros like Ashok Kumar,Jairaj, kavi Pradeep, directors K A Abbas, N R Acharya, Najam Naqvi, Amiya Chakrawarty, Gyan Mukherjee, Bimal Roy and actresses Renuka Devi, Mumtaj Shanti, Ranjana and many more. Dilip Kumar’s first film in Bombay Talkies was Jwar Bhata-44. He was not the main Hero. Agha was the main Hero. Dilip was the second hero. His Heroine-Mridula Rani was also a New Entrant.

In his first film, Dilip Kumar did not impress anybody. He was criticised heavily by Baburao patel, who called him Ánaemic and one who needs a lot of good food to look better. As such, even Bombay Talkies also did not have much expectation from him. They had pinned their hopes on the new Heroine Mridula Rani. With every film, Dilip Kumar improved, beyond belief and India got an A class actor.

The story of Mridula is sad. She fell into marital trouble and sank deep into it. She took a break of about 4 years and when she came back, she had to accept only character roles, which she did.

Mridula was a victim of her contract with Bombay Talkies. It destroyed her career as a Heroine forever. Devika Rani was her Mentor in Bombay Talkies. However, after Himanshu Rai’s death, no one was listening to her in the company due to groupism. Disgusted, Devika rani left Bombay Talkies,having sold all the shares. Mridula got stuck in the company without work, due to her 5 year contract. It was Vijay Bhatt of Prakash Pictures who somehow convinced Bombay Talkies to loan her to him and she got roles in 2 of their films. In the film ‘Bhakta Dhruva”-47, she played mother to 16 year old Shashi kapoor (sr) when she herself was about 23 year old only ! But she had no choice. The film and her role became famous, but she lost her chances of becoming Heroine in any film thereafter for ever.

Mridula ( real name Chandrakanta) was born on 2-11-1924 at Almora, but was educated in Delhi. When she was in college doing her graduation, Amiya Chakravarty of Bombay Talkies came to Delhi on a Talent Hunt. He contacted her and gave her an offer. She signed a 5 year contract with Bombay Talkies and Devika Rani became her Mentor, teaching her everything. She was paid 2500 rupees salary with a furnished house. Her first film was “Jwar Bhata”-44, opposite another Debutant Dilip Kumar (Yousuf Khan). After Himanshu Rai’s death, Bombay Talkies was already in disarray. Many people had left the company due to differences with Devika Rai. A group of them formed Filmistan.

After getting released from Bombay Talkies, she acted in few films – Samaj ko badal dalo-47Bhakt Dhruv-47, Toote taare-48, Nar Narayan-49, Veer Babruvahan-50 and Ram Darshan-50.

She got married to her lover Mr. G C Andley. However the marriage was unsuccessful and she went back to Delhi. She spent a miserable life selling whatever she had, to survive. She got divorce and came back to Bombay to work in films, in 1954. She worked in 53 films after this. Her last released film was Saboot-80, though she had married again and retired some time before that.

The last I heard about her was, she was living in worli, Mumbai all alone, in 2016. Her only daughter stayed nearby and looked after her.
( some information for this post has been taken from the book – “Hero vol.I,” by Ashok Raj, with thanks.)

Today’s song is sung by Parul Ghosh and Amirbai Karnataki. Pt Narendra Sharma is the lyricist. Music is composed by Anil Biswas.


Song-Prabhu charnon mein deep jalaao(Jwaar Bhaata)(1944) Singers-Parul Ghosh, Amirbai Karnataki, Lyrics-Pt Narendra Sharma, MD-Anil Biswas
Chorus

Lyrics

prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao
man mandir ujiyaalaa ho
prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao
man mandir ujiyaalaa ho
prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao
kare kripaa jo krishnachandra to
kare kripaa jo krishnachandra to
kyun dukh kaa andhiyaalaa ho
kyun dukh kaa andhiyaalaa ho
prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao
man mandir ujiyaalaa ho
prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao

hridayakamal kaa sinhaasan
bane kr^ishna kaa vrindaavan
hr^idayakamal kaa sinhaasan
bane kr^ishna kaa vrindaavan
jeevan apanaa use saunp do
jeevan apanaa use saunp do
jo jag kaa rakhvaalaa ho
jivan apnaa use saunp do
jo jag kaa rakhvaalaa ho

prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao
man mandir ujiyaalaa ho
prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao

nainaa prem-chakor sakhi
chandaa nandakishor sakhi
nainaa prem-chakor sakhi
un nainan se dekh jagat ko
un nainan se dekh dekh
un nainan se dekh jagat ko
base yhaan nandalaalaa ho
base yahaan nandalaalaa ho
prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao
man mandir ujiyaalaa ho
prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao

giridhar ke charanon mein aa
giridhar ke charanon mein aa
raadheshyaam naam gun gaa

koras:raadheshyaam raadheshyaam
jai raadheshyaam raadheshyaam

giridhar ke charanon mein aa
giridhar ke
maalik meraa bansiwaalaa
maalik meraa bansiwaalaa
man meraa brijabaalaa ho
maalik meraa bansiwaalaa
man meraa brijabaalaa ho
prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao
man mandir ujiyaalaa ho
prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4343 Post No. : 15646

—————————————————————————
Blog 10-Year Challenge (2010-2020) – Song No. 35
—————————————————————————

This date ten year ago, viz 8 June 2010 was a relatively prolific day by the then prevailing standards of the blog. As many as four songs were covered that day. Here are their details:

Song Movie title-Year Remarks
Nadi kinaare baithke aao Jaageerdaar (1937) 3 songs covered out of 10. The movie made its debut on this date.
Bhar bhar aayen ankhiyaan

Samrat Chandragupta (1958) The movie has been YIPPEED by now
Aapne yoon hi dillagi ki thi

Mehndi Lagi Mere Haath (1962) The movie has been YIPPEED by now
Aao jhoome gaayen

Paraaya Dhan(1971) The movie has been YIPPEED by now

One can see that four songs from four different decades were covered on 8 june 2010. It was my standard practice in the past to cover around six songs in a day, all belonging to different decades. This practice had become difficult to follow during the last months of 2009 and initial months of 2010 because of disruption due to my transfer. By June 2010, I was finally settled in Nagpur and I was trying to regain the glory days of the blog. And this date was the one when I perhaps decided to shift gears and press the accelerator.

It is to be noticed that the first song of the day was from the decade of 1930s. 1930s was the earliest decade of HFM. Songs of that decade were difficult to come by and so very few songs of that decade were covered by that time. Sudhir Jee has the details. According to him:

On 8th june 2010, the fiilm “Jaagirdaar” of 1937 had made its debut. It was the 690th day of the blog. “Jaagirdaar” was only the 11th film from the 1930s to appear on our blog. And the song was only the 19th song from that decade. Almost two years into this endeavor, and the blog had just scratched the surface of the decade of 1930s. Today that count stands at 210 films and 443 songs from the years 1931-1940. Just for additional information, the approximate total availability of the Hindi film songs of 1930s in public domain is in the range of around 1100.

So we have added considerably to the songs tally of 1930s in the blog and by now we have about 40 % of all available songs of 1930s in the blog.

Coming back to “Jaageerdaar”(1937), this movie was directed by Mehboob Khan for Sagar Film Company, Bombay. The movie had Surendra nath(B.A.L.L.B), Motilal, Bibbo, Maya Bannerjee, Ramchandra Marathe, Yaqoob, Pandey, Sankata, Ziya Sarhadi, Pesi Patel, Bhudho Advani, Mani, Jaaver Bhai Qaiser, Soli Kapadia, Miss Gulzar, Rajkumari etc in it.

The movie had ten songs in it. Three songs have been covered in the past. Here are the details of the three songs covered in the blog:-

S N Song Post number in blog Date of posting
1 Nadi kinaare baithke aao 2521 8-June-2010
2 Pujaari morey mandir mein aao 7951 22-April-2013
3 Baanke bihaari bhool na jaana 13656 14-October-2017

The movie made its debut on this date ten years ago. As “Blog ten year challenge”, here is another song from the movie. It is sung by Rajkumari. Zia Sarhadi is the lyricist. Music is composed by Anil Biswas.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of the song.

Lyrics of this song were sent to me by Prakashchandra.


Song-Auron ke kyun pag padta hai (Jaageerdaar)(1937) Singer-Rajkumari, Lyrics-Zia Sarhadi, MD-Anil Biswas

Lyrics (Provided by Prakashchandra)

auron ke kyun pag padta hai
auron ke kyun pag padta hai
aap lagaa de paa aaa aar
aap lagaa de paa aa aar
auron ke kyun pag padta hai
auron ke kyun pag padta hai
aap lagaa de paa aa aar
aap lagaa de paa aa aar

apni apni naiyyaa ke sab
apni apni naiyyaa ke sab
aap hain kewanhaa aa aar
aap hain kewanhaa aa aar
auron ke kyun pag padta hai
auron ke kyun pag padta hai
aap lagaa de paa aa aar
aap lagaa de paa aa aar

himmat haari sab kuchch haaraa aaa
himmat haari sab kuchch haaraa aaa
paayega jab tu na kinaaraa
paayega jab tu na kinaaraa
doob chukaa qismat ka taaraa
doob chukaa qismat ka taaraa
tujhse hai bezaa aa aar
tujhse hai bezaar
aan aan aan aan
apni apni naiyyaa ke sab
apni apni naiyyaa ke sab
aap hain kewanhaa aa aar
aap hain kewanhaa aa aar
auron ke kyun pag padta hai
auron ke kyun pag padta hai
aap lagaa de paa aa aar
aap lagaa de paa aa aar


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4340 Post No. : 15640

It is 8am, on Friday, the 5th June, 2020. We are onto the 157th day of the year, and running through the 23rd week.

It is also the full moon day today – the Purnima, as per the lunar calendar. It is the last day today of the month of Jyeshtha. From tomorrow, the month of Aashaad with commence.

It is Kabir Jayanti today, the day of the birth of Sant Kabir Das, one of the main architects of the Bhakti Movement in the 15th century India.

The other important associations of today’s date are – it is the World Environment Day today, as the per the calendar of the United Nations. The other lesser known association for today is – International Day for the Fight against Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing. As I checked the internet there are a few more very interesting associations of today’s date, no doubt being driven by business considerations. 🙂

It is the International Doughnut Day today, and one is encouraged to bring home their favorite variety of this sugar-rich bakery item. Other notable celebrations for today – it is the Hot Air Balloons Day, the Fish and Chips Day, Moonshine Day, Co-working Day, and also the day to acknowledge the Long Term HIV Survivors. Of these listed above, let me clarify that the Moonshine day has nothing to do with moonlight or moon gazing. The ‘moonshine’ referred to here is Scotch whisky, and today is the day to celebrate the history of this distinctly flavored and the most notorious of alcoholic beverages. The word ‘moonshine’ here has a historical association dating back to the times when production and trade of this beverage was not legal. It was smuggled around during the night – hence the phrase ‘moonshining’ as it relates to illicit activities in the dark of night. The persons involved with this unlawful activity were called ‘moonshiners’ or ‘moonrakers’.

Notable Indian cinema associations for today – it the birth date of film producer Mukesh Bhatt.

Yesterday, 4th June, we got the sad news of the passing away of the famous director Basu Chatterji. I am sure all have enjoyed the wholesome entertainment provided by his films,

Basu Chatterji
RIP
10 Jan 1930 — 04 Jun, 2020

1969     Sara Akash
1972     Piya Ka Ghar
1974     Rajnigandha
1974     Uss Paar
1975     Chhoti Si Baat
1976     Chitchor
1977     Khatta Meetha
1977     Priyatama
1977     Safed Jhooth
1977     Swaami
1978     Chakravyuh
1978     Dillagi
1978     Do Ladke Dono Kadke
1978     Tumhaare Liye
1979     Baaton Baaton Mein
Etc.

=======

The influence of the writings of Sant Kabir Das on the religious and spiritual ambiance of this land, can never be understated. His message stands tall and proud in a social milieu where many a divisions based on religion, caste, social status etc. have been hammered into our society. An unlettered son in a family of weavers, rose to become one of the most learned and wise teachers, not just of his own era, but for all times to come.

Life of Kabir Das is mostly known from legends that abound, rather than from any documented history. It is agreed by historians that he was born into a Muslim family of traditional weavers. His thirst for knowledge was intense, and he was determined to be led by a learned Guru. Those times were of the Bhakti movement across the length and breadth of this land. In the holy city of Varanasi, the most learned teacher was acknowledged to be Swami Ramanand, whose list of disciples reads like the Who’s-Who of the Bhakti movement.

Kabir Das’ initial efforts to become a disciple were fraught with difficulties of caste and religion, and Swami Ramanand refused to take him in as a student. Knowing the daily routines of the one whom he had already accepted as his teacher in his mind, one day Kabir Das went early morning while the dawn was still dark, to the bathing ghats on the banks of River Ganga, and lay down on the steps from where his trusted master would be alighting down towards the water. In the darkness, Swami Ramanand’s foot touched Kabir Das, and the learned master instinctively uttered the words ‘Ram Ram’. Kabir Das took this utterance as the Guru Mantra and took the touching by the master’s feet as the initiation. The Guru-Shishya relation was established. Later historical descriptions clarify that Swami Ramanand did accede to bring Kabir Das into his inner circle of students.

Kabir Das’ daily routine was his traditional working as a weaver, and a small gathering in the evening outside his hut abode, of people who would come to listen to his daily sermons. He did not sermonize, as in speaking / lecturing, but he sang – the poems and the couplets he would be composing during the day, as his hands worked on the looms and shuttles, creating fabric out of thread. His poems and his philosophy is so much the richer, as he attempts to explain the mysteries of life and existence using the weaving paradigm.

The film ‘Mahatma Kabir’ was released in 1954. The film was produced by MS Ahluwalia under the banner of New Premier films, and it was directed by Gajanan Jagirdar. The lead role of Kabir Das was played by Surendra. The rest of the cast of the film is Sulochana, Jagirdar, Randhir, Lalita Pawar, Rajkumar, Munshi Khanjar, Maqbool, Aruch Tarapur, Radheshyam, Heera Sawant, Fazal, Chandabai, Shiraz, Ghosh, Babu, Madan Puri, Chaman Puri, Lohana, snd Master Indrajeet.

The film has 12 songs, some of which are the original poems of Kabir, and the rest are songs written by Chandra Shekhar Pandey, Ehsan, Izhar Malihabadi, Pt Narendra Sharma, and Safdar ‘Aah’. The music composition is by Ani Biswas. The song presented today is written by Chandra Shekhar Pandey and is sung by CH Atma.

The words are not original as written by Kabir Das, however the words and composition quite closely match with his traditional verses. The song tells about the blessings of the Lord, as they unendingly descend like rain upon each one of us. And some of us are afraid to get wet, and try to rescue themselves from this shower of munificence. The voice of CH Atma brings out the poignancy of the message in these verses.

An interesting side note here – we are hearing the voice of CH Atma on this blog after a gap of more than 3 years now.

 

Song – Ram Ras Barse Re Manwa Ram Ras Barse  (Mahatma Kabir) (1954) Singer – CH Atma, Lyrics – Chandra Shekhar Pandey, MD – Anil Biswas

Lyrics

ram ras barse re manwa
ram ras barse
re mann chaatak kyon tarse
re mann chaatak kyon tarse..e..e
ram ras barse re manwa
ram ras barse..e..e

boond boond mein daya hari ki
bare ambar se
boond boond mein daya hari ki
bare ambar se
kyon tu chhupa hai ot mein pagle
kyon tu chhupa hai ot mein pagle
bheejan ke darr se..e..e
ram ras barse re manwa
ram ras barse..e..e

kaam krodh mad lobh moh ka
chakra hata sar se
kaam krodh mad lobh moh ka
chakra hata sar se
prem neer mein bheej baawre
prem neer mein bheej baawre
bheetar baahar se..e..e
ram ras barse re manwa
ram ras barse..e..e

virtha dol raha ban ban mein
poochhat dar dar se..e..e
virtha dol raha ban ban mein
mann mandir mein ram basey hain
mann mandir mein ram basey hain. . .
kyon na charan parse..e..e
ram ras barse re manwa
ram ras barse
re mann chaatak kyon tarse
re mann chaatak kyon tarse..e..e
ram ras barse re manwa
ram ras barse..e..e

——————————————–
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————

राम रस बरसे रे मनवा
राम रस बरसे
रे मन चातक क्यों तरसे
रे मन चातक क्यों तरसे॰॰ए॰॰ए
राम रस बरसे रे मनवा
राम रस बरसे॰॰ए॰॰ए

बूंद बूंद में दया हरी की
बरसे अंबर से
बूंद बूंद में दया हरी की
बरसे अंबर से
क्यों तू छुपा है ओट में पगले
क्यों तू छुपा है ओट में पगले
भीजन के डर से॰॰ए॰॰ए
राम रस बरसे रे मनवा
राम रस बरसे॰॰ए॰॰ए

काम क्रोध मद लोभ मोह का
चक्र हटा सर से
काम क्रोध मद लोभ मोह का
चक्र हटा सर से
प्रेम नीर में भीज बावरे
प्रेम नीर में भीज बावरे
भीतर बाहर से॰॰ए॰॰ए
राम रस बरसे रे मनवा
राम रस बरसे॰॰ए॰॰ए

विरथा डॉल रहा बन बन में
पूछत दर दर से॰॰ए॰॰ए
विरथा डॉल रहा बन बन में
मन मंदिर में राम बसे हैं
मन मंदिर में राम बसे हैं॰ ॰ ॰
क्यों ना चरण परसे॰॰ए॰॰ए
राम रस बरसे रे मनवा
राम रस बरसे
रे मन चातक क्यों तरसे
रे मन चातक क्यों तरसे॰॰ए॰॰ए
राम रस बरसे रे मनवा
राम रस बरसे॰॰ए॰॰ए


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4226 Post No. : 15432

Today’s song is from a comedy musical film – Laadli-49.

During the period 1947 to 1950, there was a spate of comedy and musical films.It was also in this period that Naushad and C Ramchandra played havoc with their music. Films like Bela,Daak Bungla, Do Bhai, Jungle mein mangal, Natak, Shadi se pehle,Shehnai, Gunsundari, Hip Hip Hurray, Khidki, Mera Munna, Suhag raat, Andaz, Badi Behan, barsaat, Ek this ladki, Mahal, Namoona and Patanga stirred the HFM from upside down and then up again !

For all other MDs, this period played a challenge to come up to their highest and best level to compete. MDs like Anil Biswas handled the situation with ease, with his musicals like Laadli and Lajawab. Film Laadli-49 was made by Variety pictures – owned by Anil Biswas and his wife Ashalata (Mehrunnisa Bhagat). It was directed by an old friend of Anil Biswas – J P Advani. However, he directed only 3 films of Anil Biswas – Veena-48, Laadli-49 and Lajawab-50.

Jagatrai Pesumal Advani was born on 17-5-1903 in Hyderabad ( Sindh ). After graduating, he studied film making in Germany in the 1920s. After coming back to India, he joined Mohan Bhavnani – a big gun in those days- as his assistant. His first film as a Director was Heer Ranjha-1931. He shifted to Saroj Movietone in 1934 and then to Karachi to work for Golden Eagle Company. He was considered an expert who could handle the Heroines at his will.

He directed about 30 films, including a Hindi/Punjabi bilingual film Sassi-Punnu-46. His Filmography is- 1931: Heer Ranjha; 1933: Zehar-e-Ishq; 1934: Afghan Abla; Dilara; Gafil Musafir; Johar-e-Shamsheer; Tilasmi Talwar; Vasantsena; Flashing Sword; 1935: Bahar-e- Sulemani; Farebi Duniya; Shah Behram; 1936: Elaan-e-Jung; Shokh Dilruba; Sipahsalaar; 1937: Saqi; Insaaf; 1939: Dekha Jayega; 1940: Dharma Bandhan; Sneh Bandhan; 1941: Shehzadi; 1942: Suhagan; 1943: Sahara; 1946: Sassi Punnu; 1948: Veena; 1949: Laadli; 1950: Wafaa; Lajawaab; 1952: Saloni; 1954: Danka; 1955: Hasina.

The cast of the film was Sulochana Chaterjee, Jairaj, Kuldip Kaur, Ramesh Sinha, Randhir, Narbada Shankar and others. There was a coincidence that 2 Sulochanas acted in this film. Along with Heroine Sulochana Chaterjee, the old timer Sulochana Sr. (Ruby Myers) also acted in a side role. Born in Chandranagar, Sulochana Chatterjee was the daughter of a military man and the family, five girls, including the late Kamla Chatterjee ( she looked like Geeta Bali, and was Kidar Sharma’s wife), and one boy, used to travel along with their parents to wherever their father was transferred.
From Calcutta they moved to Jabalpore and it was here that Sulochana did her school­ing. She also took an active part in school dramatics. After some time the family was transferred to Bombay and here her younger sister, Kamla, was spotted by Sohrab Modi, a friend of their father’s, and given a role as a child star in Modi’s picture Jailor (1938).

Once Sulochana happened to visit the sets one day and after watching her sister at work, She was offered a part in Harishchandra Pictures’ “Aina”-44, which she accepted. She was co-starred with Trilok Kapoor. She starred in scores of films after that, among them the comedy “Ladli”-50, in which she appeared with Jairaj, and “Grahasti”-48 which was a memor­able hit and in which she play­ed with Yakub and Masood.

Sulochana acted in two Bengali pictures “Apanaela”, produced by Saroj Mukerjee and directed by Benoy Banerjee with Pradeep Kumar as her leading man, and Benoy Banerjee’s “Minoti” in which she shared stellar honors with Smriti Biswas and Paresh Banerjee. Her well known films are Chaitanya Mahaprabhu-53, Rami Dhoban-53, Shahjehan-46, Veena-48, Nav Durga-53, Jagte Raho-56, Jis desh mein Gaqnga behti hai-60, Sarswatichandra-68 etc.

In all she acted in 119 films. Her first film was Shobha-42 and last film was Shabas Daddy-79. After retirement, she settled in Bombay. Sulochana Chatterjee died on 30-8-1999.

Her favorite pastime, was playing with her sister’s children. She cooked, too, and knitted off and on. She was fond of English pictures , liked Ingrid Bergman and Gregory Peck and comedies. Sulochana could play Bad­minton and drove a car. A gifted linguist, she knew Bengali, her mother tongue, Hindi, English, Marathi, Punjabi, Kutchi and Guajarati. She spoke them all fluently.

Film Laadli was a comedy musical. There were 5 Lyricists and the MD was Anil Biswas. In Hindi film industry,right from 1931 onwards,many composers from Bengal came to Bombay to try their luck,but only a few could make their name here. There was a host of small time Bangla composers (some of them were Big names in Bengal) came to Bombay for a while,did 2-3 films and went back. Few of them were Shoolpani mukherjee, S P Mukherjee, V V Ganguly, Niren Lahiri, Shivram Ghosh, A C Biswas, Bhishmadev Chatterjee, Sushant Banerjee, Robin Chaterjee, Naresh Bhattacharya etc.

Besides these composers,there were some less successful composers from Bengal, in Bombay, like Ashok Ghosh, Pannalal Ghosh, Robin Banerjee, Hiren Bose, Shyamal Mitra, Arunkumar Mukherjee and Manas Mukherjee. Their major problem was Language and cultural difference.

There were 4 major composers from Bengal,who succeeded here and etched their names in the HFM history. I call them A grade. They all operated at the same time during the Golden Age period. Two composers came from East Bengal-Anil Biswas and S D Burman. Two composers came from West Bengal-Hemant Kumar and Salil Chaudhari.

Anil Biswas was the first major composer from Bengal to start his career in Bombay in 1935, at the age of just 21 years, whereas S D Burman was the oldest having started his career in Bombay in 1946, at the age of 40 years ! The longest tenure was that of Salil Chaudhari,but his song total is the lowest, with an average of about 5 songs per film.This is much lower than the average of 8+ and 9 of the others. This may be, because in later part of his career Salil da gave music to many parallel films which had minimum songs.

The two senior composers were from the East Bengal and the two junior composers were from the West Bengal. The styles of these two groups were different because of the different pattern of Eastern and Western Bangla music. All four depended and used heavily from the folk tunes and Bangla songs,from their respective regions. Anil Biswas and Burman da drew heavily from the Eastern Bangla folk tunes and that is why sometimes their music had similarities.

A case in point is song – “Sundari O sundari” from Lajawab-50. It was based on a folk tune of East Bengal. By coincidence S D Burman too used the same tune and same Mukhda for his Bangla film, “Samar’-50. Not only this,S D Burman again used the same tune for a song in film ‘Munimji”-55 ( Anadi re Anadi).
Anil Biswas was hailed as one of the most original,revolutionary and experimental composer,even dubbed as “The Bhishma Pitamaha”of HFM.

He was original. When Anil Biswas came on the scene in the mid 30s, the Parsee Theatre music,Marathi Natya sangeet and Gujarati drama and Lok kala Sangeet was being followed in film music. He decided to change this pattern and used Robindra Sangeet and Folk tunes for his songs. He was Revolutionary because he introduced western instruments in his music as a routine,which no one had thought of,so far. He was experimental,because he tried a variety of singers.

Those days,when playback was not yet common,non singers sang songs and it was a terrible task to make them sing properly. Anil Biswas tried the First ever playback,in Bombay,in his film “Mahageet”-37,singing the playback song himself to be shot on Hiren Bose in the film.

In a span of 30 years and in his 86 films having 777 songs,he used 76 singers. Among his singers Lata stands at First rank with 120 songs. The second place is shared by Surendra and Meena Kapoor( naturally), with 44 songs. Next name is that of Anil Biswas himself,with 43 songs.

Going through the list of singers,one finds very unknown names like Omkar, Kamlakar, Kokila, Gajadhar, D.Manek, Tarachand, Devaskar, Madhav kale, Yusuf Effendi, Solanki and Swapna Sen. Except Madhav Kale and Yusuf Effendi,I have never heard the other names myself,nor have I read about them anywhere. It is likely that these singers were from the early era and his earliest films. He himself first sang in ‘Dharam ki Devi’-35 and his last song was in ‘Sautela Bhai’-62.

Today’s song is the 6th song of this film to be discussed here. The film had an all time immortal song by the Anil Biswas – Lata duo…”Tumhare bulane ko jee chahata hai….” Such fine songs are now only in memory. Today’s song is also a good song. This is a Chorus song. Anil Biswas was particularly fond of Chorus songs and his no film was complete without at least one chorus song. Now, enjoy this chorus song….

( My thanks to Cineplot, Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema and History of Indian Film Music, for information used herein)


Song-Gareebon ka hissa gareebon ko de do (Laadli)(1949) Singer-Lata, Lyrics- S H Bihari, MD-Anil Biswas
Chorus

Lyrics

gareebon ka hissa gareebon ko de do
gareebon ko de do
gareebon ko de do

gareebon ka hissa gareebon ko de do
gareebon ko de do
gareebon ko de do

ameeron o o
ameeron hamen sookhi roti hi de do o o
ameeron hamen sookhi roti hi de do o o
gareebon ka hissa gareebon ko de do
gareebon ko de do
gareebon ko de do
o o o o
o o o o

jo pahle thhi haalat wahi hai hamaari ee ee
ye pahle bhi bhookhe hain ab bhi bhikhaari
ye pahle bhi bhookhe hain ab bhi bhikhaari
hamesha se hain haath phaile huye do o o
hamesha se hain haath phaile huye do o o
gareebon ka hissa gareebon ko de do
gareebon ko de do
gareebon ko de do
o o o o
o o o o

ye oonchi imaarat ye resham ke kapde ae ae
na kutiya hi hamko na khaadi ke tukde
na kutiya hi hamko na khaadi ke tukde
hamen bhi to apna badan dhaanpne do o o
hamen bhi to apna badan dhaanpne do o o
gareebon ka hissa gareebon ko de do
gareebon ko de do
gareebon ko de do
o o o o
o o o o

agar rookhi sookhi ye khaa kar bachenge
to kal ko ye Gandhi Jawahir banenge
agar rookhi sookhi ye khaa kar bachenge
to kal ko ye Gandhi Jawahir banenge
inhen sirf jeene ka mauka hi de do o o
inhen sirf jeene ka mauka hi de do o o
gareebon ka hissa gareebon ko de do
gareebon ko de do
gareebon ko de do

ameeron o (gareebon ko de do
gareebon ko de do
)
ameeron o (gareebon ko de do
gareebon ko de do
)
ameeron o (gareebon ko de do
gareebon ko de do
)


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4207 Post No. : 15401

Today’s song is from a ‘C’ grade stunt film – ‘Return of Mr. Superman’ aka ‘Superman Ki Wapsi’ (1960).

Hindi film industry is full of third grade, mindless and cheap copies of successful foreign films and stories. Indian films can not copy the costly scenes, sets and A grade actors for C grade films, so they make do with childish cheap sets, unknown producers or directors, actors who are at the fag end of their careers and overall an easy treatment to films. It is painful to see such films.

There was an era, when even action/stunt films carried some prestige. They were made by reputed or specialist film makers like, Wadias, Mohan Pictures, Imperial, Ranjit or even Master Bhagwan. They used to spend a fair amount on erecting sets or on outdoor shootings. Above all, their stunts used to be real and actually breath taking. Famous stunt actors like Azad, Prakash, John Cavas, Fearless Nadia, Vasantrao and Baburao Pehelwan etc. used to undertake thrilling stunts using trained animals like tigers, lions, horses, monkeys, dogs and even jalopy cars and motor cycles. The audience went to watch the stunts. Story, histrionics or music/songs were secondary.

Superman is a comics character popularised first in USA. The first cinema on Superman came in 1948 with actor Kirk Alyn as the hero. This was like a film serial. The feature film came in 1951 with George Reeves first and then the most popular Christopher Reeves. Many actors have done this role till now. A Superman with extraordinary powers has been a dream for mankind since a long long time. May be, perhaps, the Gods in almost every religion were endowed with such powers in fiction and the mythology.

Indian film makers were hardly to miss such stories. But I find that more than flying in the air or jumping from building to building, like Batman or Spiderman, Indian audiences lapped up the ‘Invisible Man’ theme more. The first such film was made by Prakash Pictures, ‘Khwaab Ki Duniya’ in 1938. Then came the successful 1957 film ‘Mr. X’ and lastly the most popular film came on this theme in 1987 as ‘Mr. India’.

On this background, no wonder, Superman, Batman or Spiderman never captured the imagination or fascination of Indian film audience. 1960 saw 2 films on Superman and one was in 1987. Comparatively, Tarzan films became more popular here. Creative producers combined Tarzan with any and every character of Arabian nights, gave him son, daughter and brought him to city or even Circus. Indian avatars of Tarzan like, Zambo and Zimbo were also popular. these films helped Dara Singh to establish himself in Hindi films. Anyway, gone are the days when action or stunt films had special audience. Neither that audience nor those films have any presence now.

Since the day SFX (special effects – an improved version of old trick scenes) became popular in India, every hero has become a stuntman himself. Except probably Ajay Devgan and Akshay Kumar, most other actors are stuntmen by SFX only.

Coming to today’s film ‘Return of Mr. Superman’, the film was made by Manmohan Films – owned by the producer, director and lyricist Manmohan Sabir. From 1952 to 1986, he had directed 10 films. Today’s film was his 6th film as a director. Some songs of the film were also written by PL Santoshi, Kaif Irfani and Anand Bakshi. The cast of the film was Jairaj, Sheila Ramani, Majnu, Naazi, David, Ram Mohan, Rajan Haksar, Master Navin and many others.

Music Director of this C grade stunt film was Anil Biswas, who was once upon a time an A grade composer and many other composers followed him as their ‘Guru’. Anil Biswas (7-7-1914 to 31-5-2003) started his career in music in the early 1930’s. Usually, one generation is considered as 25 to 30 years, but in film music the generation period is 12 to 15 years. So, in his career from early 30s to late 60s, Anil Biswas saw two generations of music lovers. It was easier for him to adapt to changing tastes of music from 30s to late 40s. However, to adapt to changed tastes from 50s to 60s, it became difficult for him. The audience tastes changed drastically from 1930s to 60’s music. In the 30s and the 40s , the music was closer to traditional Indian music, but in the 60s, the film music followed the world music trends like Rock N Roll, Twist and other types.

In this stage of his career, Anil Biswas was in two minds – whether to continue what he knew best or to change over to new way of film music demands. He chose to mix the two, but this took him nowhere. This film music was a compromise on his abilities. After this film, he did two more non descript movies – ‘Lucky Number’ (1961) and ‘Hamen Khelne Do’ (1962). At last he retired after completing his last film ‘Chhoti Chhoti Baaten’ (1965) and left for Delhi to serve at AIR (All India Radio), Delhi. He gave music to 90 films composing 767 songs. He also sang 59 songs in 31 films.

The heroine of this film Sheila Ramani was one of my early favourites, from the time I saw her with Dev Anand in film ‘Funtoosh’ (1956). Earlier too I had seen her in few films, but she looked quite attractive and glamorous in ‘Funtoosh’.

Sheila Ramani, a forgotten name today, but most of us still remember her in Navketan’s ‘Taxi Driver’ (1954) where she was cast as Anglo-Indian club Dancer – Sylvie. Sheila was born on 2-3-1932, in Sindh province. She was selected as ‘Miss Mussoorie 1948’ and adjudged ‘Miss Simla 1950’. Made her debut as Champa, the femme fatale of ‘Badnaam’ (1952), and revealed herself as a danseuse of charm in ‘Anand Math’ (1952). She was one of the few Sindhi actresses besides Sadhana, who made it big in Bollywood. She was mostly seen as upper class mod girl in the 50s, a role she enacted to perfection all through that swinging era in films like V Shantaram’s ‘Teen Batti Chaar Raasta’ (1953), Sheikh Mukhtar’s ‘Mangu’ (1954), ‘Meenar’ (1954), ‘Railway Platform’ (1955), and ‘Funtoosh’ (1956).

Her Uncle Sheikh Latif alias Lachchu was a famous Pakistani producer who produced films like ‘Pattan’ (1955), ‘Khizan Kai Baad’ (1955), ‘Darbar-e-Habib’ (1956) etc. Sheila visited Karachi – Pakistan on the request of her uncle, to play the lead in Pakistani film ‘Anokhi’ (1956). The film was based on Hollywood’s ‘Fabulous Senorita’. “Gaadi Ko Chalana Babu, Zara Halkey Halkey Halkey, Zara Dil Ka Jaam Na Chalkey” sung by Zubaida Khanum was the popular song from the film which did modest to good business in Pakistan. The movie’s great music was composed jointly by Timir Baran (a Bengali who came from India for this purpose) and Hassan Latif. Sheila went back to India and remained as a middle-of-the-range performer in Bombay films. In the later part of her career, she was reduced to obscure films with titles that sounded like ‘Jungle King’ (1959), and ‘The Return of Superman’ (1960). In all, she acted in 24 films. Her last film was ‘Awaara Ladki’ (1967).

Sheila was very fond of sports especially football and swimming. Ballroom dancing was a virtual addiction for her and she used to go out for dancing as often as she could. Sheila was 5 feet four inches tall, and was so fastidious that any dress she would wear won’t be repeated for six months to come at least.

According to her son Rahul Cowasji, she married late Jall Edi Cowasji (President of Bombay Dyeing) on 31st March 1963 and retired from acting in 1962. Part of her family that remained in Pakistan converted to Islam. She was a Hindu. She used to live in Bombay with her husband Jall Cowasji till 1981. They moved to Khartoum (in Sudan, Africa) for 3 years and then to Sri Lanka for 3 years. After her husband’s death in 1984 she migrated to Australia on her own in the late 1980’s and lived in Sydney and Surfer’s Paradise until health problems required her to return to India in the new millennium. She used to live in her husband’s ancestral home in Mhow, near Indore (Madhya Pradesh). She was frail and bed ridden for few years before her death on 15-7-2015.

Her favorite Hindi film of her career was ‘Taxi Driver’ (1954). Sheila was also the leading lady of India’s first Sindhi film after partition – ‘Abana’ (1958), in which, young Baby Sadhana played her younger sister’s role. (Thanks to Cineplot and Sheila’s son Rahul, for some of the information in this Bio).

One more person from the cast of the film – Ram Mohan – needs introduction to our readers with his short Bio. Ram Mohan Sharma, a young, handsome lad from Ambala, was born on 2-11-1929. He was a graduate (BA) and had come to Bombay in 1945 in search of a career in cinema.

The youngster, who was in his early twenties, with fair colour, curly hairs & sharp features, approached Jagdish Sethi to get work in movies as an actor.  Jagdish Sethi found him sincere and gave him a supporting role in ‘Jaggu’ (52), which he was to make. The movie had very good music, scored by Hansraj Behl & it had moderate success, when released. Later, Ram Mohan got small roles in few movies & in 1954, Sethi Sahab took him in the romantic role opposite Shyama in ‘Pensioner’. The movie did not do well & it was the end of Ram Mohan’s career as hero.

Life goes on and he decided to accept any role offered to him. Soon he was a known name in the film circles. In ‘Do Behnen’ (1959), which had Shyama in double role, Ram Mohan enacted the role of villain, which gave his career a big boost as bad man. Later he came in contact with Sunil Dutt & Nargis and forged a permanent friendship with them. Although Ram Mohan mostly got roles of tough characters, but inside he was soft hearted. He was a member of film artists association. He requested Sunil Dutt Ji who was feeling depressed after Nargis Ji passed away, to help the ‘Have Nots’ of film industry. Virtually an encyclopedia of film industry, Ram Mohan knew every technician, junior artists as well as old & forgotten artists, who needed help. Whenever they both were free, they used to visit the ailing artists in hospital or their residences, to give them moral and financial support. Charatcter actor Rajan Haksar was in a charity hospital, after failure of his kidneys. Both benevolent persons visited the hapless artist to boost his spirit. Ram Mohan was a confidant of Asha Parekh, the kind hearted lady who was president of the Artists Association & they together helped many artists, who were in dire need of assistance.

Ram Mohan was also the vice president of CINTAA (Cine and TV Artists Association) for 4 years and secretary for 6 years. Ram Mohan Ji had high reputation every where and when he came to know about the miserable condition of AK Hangal, he met a political leader and arranged the financial help through Maharashtra Govt, on a regular basis. At the time of bereavement, he made it a point to help the family till all religious formalities were over. Every one in the film industry used to address him as Ram Mohan Ji ,to show their genuine respect to him.

In his career of more than five decades, Ram Mohan appeared in more than 250 movies (the number varies from 240 to 277), mostly in negative roles. He did not believe in self publicity and did his philanthropic work quietly. Ram Mohan was keeping indifferent health for six months, when his pillar of strength, his life partner passed away. Ram Mohan Ji also followed suit and breathed his last on 06th December 2015 .

Ram Mohan had 3 sons and 1 daughter, all very well settled in life. He will always be gratefully remembered by thousands of anonymous film artists who were helped by him. His memories will be cherished by his admirers, who loved his work on and off the screen. Truly, to find people like him, in this era is rarity. Let us hope his selfless work will inspire other persons connected with the film industry to help their less fortunate colleagues and the tradition of Vasudhaiva Kutumbkam set by him will continue. He found an admirer in Gulzar Sahab ,who always referred him as Ram Mohan Ji. Please see the credit titles of Izaazat, where his name is mentioned as Ram Mohan ji. (Thanks to Blog – ‘Beete Hue Din’, and Shri MN Sardana ji, for some of this information).

Today’s song certainly reminds us the type of club music of the late 1950s and early 1960s. This, of course, is not a club song, but a love song between hero and heroine. The song does not have anything to suggest the famous Anil Biswas touch of yore. It is one of those routine songs of those times.


Song – Dekh o babu dekh (Return of Mr Superman) (1960) Singer – Meena Kapoor, Lyricist – PL Santoshi, MD – Anil Biswas

Lyrics

dekh o baabu dekh
o baabu dekh
dekh o baabu dekh
o baabu dekh
dil ki dukaan se main layi hoon ye cake
marzi ho to take baabu
marzi ho na take
o babu dekh
dekh o baabu dekh
o baabu dekh
dekh o baabu dekh

bahut hai mehngi
bahut hai sasti
gaahak ki jaisi ho hasti
bahut hai mahangi
bahut hai sasti
gaahak ki jaisi ho hasti
le jaayega koi dilwaala kismat waala cake
o baabu dekh
dekh o baabu dekh
o baabu dekh
dekh o ba abu dekh

dekh ke iski lazzat mister
ho jaayegi ulfat mister
dekh ke iski lazzat mister
ho jaayegi ulfat mister
lekin sun lo shart humari
doge na tum phenk
for godsake
dekh o baabu dekh
o baabu dekh
dekh o baabu dekh

hum to tumse pyaar karega
pyar ka hi iqraar karega
hum to tumse pyaar karega
pyar ka hi iqraar karega
chaahe ho nadiya ka kinara
chaahe romantic lake
o baabu dekh
dekh o baabu dekh
o baabu dekh
dekh o baabu dekh

dil se dil ka sauda kar lo
pyaar se apna pocket bhar lo
dil se dil ka sauda kar lo
pyaar se apna pocket bhar lo
beet gayi gar yoonhi jawaani
ho jaaoge late
o baabu dekh
dekh o baabu dekh
o baabu dekh
dekh o baabu dekh

———————————————————–
Devnagri Script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————–
देख ओ बाबू देख
ओ बाबू देख
देख ओ बाबू देख
ओ बाबू देख
दिल की दुकान से मैं लाई हूँ एक केक
मर्ज़ी हो तो टेक बाबू
मर्ज़ी हो ना टेक
ओ बाबू देख
देख ओ बाबू देख
ओ बाबू देख
देख ओ बाबू देख

बहुत है महंगी
बहुत है सस्ती
गाहक की जैसी हो हस्ती
बहुत है महंगी
बहुत है सस्ती
गाहक की जैसी हो हस्ती
ले जाएगा कोई दिलवाला किस्मत वाला केक
ओ बाबू देख
देख ओ बाबू देख
ओ बाबू देख
देख ओ बाबू देख

देख के इसकी लज़्ज़त मिस्टर
हो जाएगी उलफत मिस्टर
देख के इसकी लज़्ज़त मिस्टर
हो जाएगी उलफत मिस्टर॰॰र्र
लेकिन सुन लो शर्त हमारी
दोगे ना तुम फेंक
फॉर गॉड सेक
देख ओ बाबू देख
ओ बाबू देख
देख ओ बाबू देख

हम तो तुमसे प्यार करेगा
प्यार का ही इक़रार करेगा
हम तो तुमसे प्यार करेगा
प्यार का ही इक़रार करेगा
चाहे हो नदिया का किनारा
चाहे रोमांटिक लेक
ओ बाबू देख
देख ओ बाबू देख
ओ बाबू देख
देख ओ बाबू देख

दिल से दिल का सौदा कर लो
प्यार से अपना पाकिट भर लो
दिल से दिल का सौदा कर लो
प्यार से अपना पाकिट भर लो
बीत गई गर यूं ही जवानी
हो जाओगे लेट
ओ बाबू देख
देख ओ बाबू देख
ओ बाबू देख
देख ओ बाबू देख


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day : 4113 Post No. : 15264

Today’s song is from an old film Ek hi Rasta-39. The film was made by Sagar movietone. It was directed by Mehboob Khan and the music was by Anil Biswas. These two legends actually established themselves in the cinema industry through Sagar Movietyone, which rightly included their names in their list of ” Jewels of Sagar “.

Anil Biswas (7-7-1914 to 31-5-2003), however, had already done 9 films as a Music Director (Dharam ki Devi-35, Bharat ki Beti-35, Bal hatya-35, Shokh Dilruba-36, Sher ka panja-36, Sangdil Samaj-36, Prem Bandhan-36, Pratima -36 and Pyar ki Jogan-36) before coming to Saqgar Movietone. Of course, none of these films were famous or hits. He got success with his film Manmohan–36 from Sagar, first time. The film was also a Milestone for Sagar. Director Mehboob Khan (9-9-1907 to 28-5-1964) also had already directed one film – Al Hilal-35 very successfully and Manmohan- 36 was his second film as a director in Sagar, equally successful again.

The two became thick friends. Anil Biswas used to call him ‘ Mawali ‘ and Mehboob khan called him ‘ Bangali ‘. Cameraman Faredoon Irani also joined them and three friends enjoyed work and life together in Sagar and in National Studios, till, due to differences of work philosophies, these friends parted ways and Anil Biswas separated from the two others, never to work together ever again in life. They had worked together in 6 films (5 Sagar and 1 National Studios). Mehboob Khan directed 8 films for Sagar and 2 for National Studios. Anil Biswas was MD for 11 Sagar films and 2 films of National.

Film Ek hi Rasta-39 or The Only Way, was the first Multi-Hero film in India. It had 3 Heros and 2 Heroines. Heros were Shaikh Mukhtar, Harish and Arun Ahuja and Heroines were Anuradha and Jyoti. The real name of Anuradha was Khurshid Akhtar (same as Shyama). She was the youngest sister of actresses Miss Zohra and Mushtari. After Miss Zohra separated from her husband Rafiq Ghaznavi, Anuradha had married him. Jyhoti’s real name was Sitara Bai. She was singer actress Wahidan Bai’s younger sister. Nimmi was Wahidan’s daughter- who married singer G M Durrani.

Film Ek hi Rasta was based on two Hollywood films, namely ‘ The road back’-37 and ‘ Seventh Heaven’-37. The second world war had just begun. Mehboob tried to depict the ill effects of war in an artistic way in this film. The main Hero of the film was Arun Ahuja.

Arun Ahuja’s real name was Gulshan Singh Ahuja, a Sikh, born on 26-1-1918 at Gujaranwala (now in Pakistan). After the school education, he joined Mughalpura Engineering college and secured an Engineer’s degree in 1937. During his college life he had won the Best Football player of the year award. Mehboob Khan was on a Talent Hunt in Lahore. From among the 100 and odd candidates, his choice fell on the well built, athletic, dashing and handsome Gulshan. He was selected and brought to Bombay to act in film Ek hi rasta-39, with a screen name of Arun Ahuja. He was variously billed as Aroon, Arun, Aroon Kumar, Arun Ahuja etc.

His first film was an outstandingly successful hit film. Arun got roles in Bhole Bhale-39 and Civil Marriage-40. Later Mehboob khan took him for film Aurat 40, which he directed for National Studios. The versatile actor acted in over 25 films in 6 years, some of his films were Kanchan, Holiday in Bombay, Beti, Nurse, Savera, Return of Toofan Mail, Shankar Parvati, Andhera, Bharthari, Caravan, Amrapali etc. From 1945 onwards he became a Free lancer.

During the film Savera-42, he fell in love with his co-star – Nirmala. They got married on 5-5-1945. After marriage Nirmala (7-6-1928 to 15-6- 1996) completed 4 pending films and stopped working. Her last film Sudhar was released in 1949. In this film also she paired with Arun. Thus her last film also had her life partner. She acted in only 12 films, but she sang 63 songs in 23 films.

Arun Ahuja was in demand. He continued working in films. He set up his own production company – Arun Productions and he produced 2 films. One film Sehra was released in 1948, but the other film ” Jo hai saajan” remained unreleased for some reasons. Film Sehra was also a huge flop. Arun suffered heavy losses. He tried to work in films to compensate it, but now due to competition from new stars, new films were slow to come, so he did not get many films. His last film was Aulad-54. He had to sell all his property, bungalow, cars and jewellery. He shifted from his bungalow in Bandra to a chawl in far off suburb Virar, with his family, in 1962. Here his last son Govinda was born in 1963.

His health deteriorated. Nirmala decided to revive her singing, to help the financial difficulties of the family. . Composer A R Qureshi arranged her stage programme in Calcutta. It went off with tremendous success and offers started pouring in. She became famous as a Thumri singer. She did many jalsas in India and abroad. Their financial position improved. Their son Govinda also became a big star. He bought a house in Juhu and the family shifted to Juhu for the sake of convenience. However, Arun Ahuja continued to stay in Virar. He did not shift to Juhu.

Arun Ahuja died on 4-7-1998, two years after his dear wife’s death on 15-6-1996.

Film Ek hi rasta-39 was a hit film. Though it was a debut film of Arun, the benefit of the film being a hit went to the other Hero- Shaikh Mukhtar. The tall, strong and not so good looking actor had a meaty role in the film.All the sympathy of the audience went to him when he kills the person who accuses him falsely.

The second world war had just begun in 1939. The film, however, tried to stress that no problem is solved with a war. War is not a solution.Of course, wars do not care what films say. The II WW went on till August 1945, when the Germans were defeated and Hitler committed suicide, along with his lover, after marrying her in the last hour of their life. The Japanese had already surrendered. The film’s story has already been provided in one of the song-posts of this film, so I will not repeat it . The duet song was sung by Wahidan Bai and Anil Biswas.

Not much information is available on Waheedan Bai. Her younger sister Sitara Bai aka Jyoti and her own daughter Nawab Banoo aka Nimmi were actresses. Waheedan Bai was from a Tawayef family. Her daughter Nimmi, had always denied this-understandably too, but Waheedan Bai’s name gave away the true story.

Waheedan Bai belonged to a small town Fatehabad, near Agra. Her father’s name was Basheer khan. She was second amongst 4 sisters. The youngest was Sitara Bai aka Jyoti. Waheedan was a trained and good singer, but Tawayafs did not get social status, so she got married early to one Abdul Hakeem from Nasirabad, settled in Meerut. He had met Waheedan in a shrine in Agra, where she recited verses from Koran.

Soon after their marriage, His father, a contractor with Military, died and Hakim inherited the business. He was a novice and was cheated by his manager and they lost everything. The family moved to Calcutta to start a Leather business. Here also he failed. In Calcutta, their neighbour was director A.R.Kardar. Through his wife, Bahar, Kardar was contacted and he gave a small role to him in a film. Here again he got terrified and ran away, at the time of shooting.

Waheedan came forward and after hearing her singing, she was given a song in the film and it was recorded. Meanwhile Chandulal Shah offered her roles in his films. They shifted to Bombay and she joined Ranjit Movietone. Her first film was Toofani Toli-37. Prithvi Putra-38 was the second film. Her songs in her films were liked and became famous.She worked in other films like Prof. Waman, M.Sc.-38, Rikshawala-38, The Secretary-38 and Thokar-39.

She got acquainted with Mehboob Khan and he offered her lead role opposite Surendra in film Alibaba-40, a Sagar Movietone film initially, but later on sold to Ranjit of Chandulal Shah, in a game of gambling. Film Alibaba-40 was made in Hindi and Punjabi. The film songs became very popular. When Sagar merged into National Studios, she worked in film Sanskar-40.

Waheedan contracted T.B. and left films. She acted in only 8 films and sang 26 songs in 11 films-including her 8 films. She died in 1942.( based on information from the book- Sagar movietone by Biren kothari ji and my notes)

Here is the song. This will be only the 3rd song from this film to feature here. There were 12 songs in the film and the singers were Jyoti, Waheedan bai, Anil Biswas, Harish and Arun Ahuja.


Song-Mujhe mil jaayegi unki dagariya (Ek Hi Raasta)(1939) Singers-Anil Biswas, Wahidan Bai, Lyrics-Pt Indra Chandra, MD-Anil Biswas
Both

Lyrics

mujhe mil jaayegi ee
unki dagariya
mil jaayegi ee
unki dagariya
haan mil jaayegi
chaahe ghir-ghir aaye badariya
chaahe ghir-ghir aaye badariya
mil jaayegi ee
unki dagariya
mil jaayegi ee
unki dagariya
haan mil jaayegi

chaahe panchhi na bole
chaahe panchhi na bole
chaahe chandrmaa aankh na khole
chaahe panchhi na bole
unhe dhoondh nikaalegi hamri najariya
dhoondh nikaalegi hamri najariya
mil jaayegi ee
unki dagariya
mil jaayegi ee
unki dagariya
mil jaayegi

dwaar naya chhat nayi naya ghar
ghar ka sab saamaan naya
dwaar naya chhat nayi naya ghar
ghar ka sab saamaan naya
phir bhi sakhi kahin tikti nahin hai
phir bhi sakhi
phir bhi sakhi kahin tikti nahin hai
vyaakul
vyaakul hamri najariya aa aa
vyaakul
vyaakul hamri najariya

mujhe mil jaayegi unki dagariya
haan mil jaayegi ee unki dagariya
haan mil jaayegi


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4091 Post No. : 15233 Movie Count :

4186

Today’s song is from the film Vijay-42 – a very obscure film. The film was made by National studios. It was directed by Mohan Sinha. Lyrics of all the 10 songs of the film were by Dr. Safdar Aah Sitapuri, which were composed by Anil Biswas.

Due to heavy losses and the general effects of the second world war, Sagar Movietone was in the red and it joined hands with Yusuf Fazal Bhoy (of RCA)’s company General Films to start a new venture ” National Studios “, in which even Tatas invested some money. National studios made a total of 16 films, before it was wound up. Chimanlal Desai of Sagar left after the first 3 films,namely Aurat, Pooja and Sanskar – all in 1940, and started his own Amar pictures.

The cast of film Vijay was Durga Khote, Harish, Husn Bano, Sankatha Prasad, Vaskar, Maya Devi, Ansari, Agha etc etc.

In our life, there are times when we think of ” Lucky and Unlucky”. Human nature, in general is such that it tends to consider certain things as Lucky for him. It can be people, place or even inanimate things. I have noticed that mostly those people whose livelihood revolves round their physical performance, say like Sports, Acting or other artists believe in Lucky-Unlucky most. There was that famous Cricketer who always entered the playing field with his right foot first. Another one put on his left shoe first. Everybody’s method of wooing the Luck factor is different.

A performance industry like Film Industry is not immune from this Lucky-Unlucky factor. Individual actors or MDs, Lead Pairs, Film Titles, Film stories etc have been labelled Unlucky unabashedly, by the industry. Let us see some examples…

Composer Daan Singh had 6 films in hand, but 4 remained incomplete and only 2 got released. Even his 2 Rajasthani films remained unfinished. He was promptly labelled Unlucky and had to go back to his native place. Kamal Rajasthani had the same story. Out of 9 films on hand, 7 were unfinished and only 2 C grade films were released. He too was called Unlucky.

Rajendra Kumar- Waheeda Rahman was an unlucky pair. Dalsukh Pancholi gave them lead roles in his film ‘Nirmala’. He died and the film was shelved half way. Film ‘Palki’-67 was under making, when its director S U Sunny died. The film was somehow competed but it flopped miserably. Then S S Vasan brought them together in film Shatranj-69. He died during the shootings and it was left incomplete. In film Dharti-70, this pair was in lead, but the director’s mother died on the sets and the film was left stranded. Is it a wonder, if the pair was called ‘Unlucky’ ?

Another Unlucky pair was Dev Anand- Meena Kumari. In film Sanam-51, Meena Kumatri was a side Heroine. From this film Dev-Suraiya pair separated for ever. Its director Nandlal Jaswantlal started his downfall and subsequently died later. The pair came again in films Tamasha and Baadbaan , made by the employees of Bombay Talkies. Both films flopped and Bombay Talkies closed down for ever. Another of their film “Kinare Kinare” was delayed for almost 10 years, finally releasing in 1963, but flopped to such an extent that its producer Nyay Sharma got heart attack due to high debts. No one dared to bring this pair again in any film !

Finally, the curious case of unlucky actor Gajanan Jagirdar. In 1941, Jagirdar worked in Prabhat’s film ” Padosi”. After this film , V. Shantaram and Jayashree left Prabhat. In 1944, Jagirdar directed and acted in and as “Ramshastri” for Prabhat. During the film shooting, Prabhat’s partner Vishnupant Damle expired and Prabhat became rudderless. Third time when Jagirdar went to Prabhat to act as and in ” Lokmanya Tilak”, Prabhat not only closed down but was also auctioned ! Jagirdar acted in film “Mahatma” in English, Hindi and Marathi in 1953 for Alhad Chitra’s Datta Dharmadhikari. Due to high debts, the company not only closed down, but the wife of Dharmadhikari had to cook and make Tiffins to survive ! Finally, when he acted in film ” Shahir Parshuram”-61, made by Mangal pictures, the company closed down and was sold out ! No wonder, in film circles, Jagirdar was typedcast as ” Unlucky ” !!

Why I remembered this Lucky-Unlucky matter was the title of today’s film – Vijay. The name Vijay has a special significance in film industry. When Amitabh Bachhan was going through a real bad patch in his career, he got the film “Zanjeer”-73, by chance and this film changed his life for ever and he never looked back. This hit film had Amitabh as Vijay in it as his name. Amitabh was so much enamoured with the name Vijay, that he started insisting that in every film his name should be Vijay – for luck. And sure enough, in films like Deewar, Hera Pheri, Trishul, Shahenshah, Agneepath (My name is Vijay Deenanath Chavan), Shaan, Shakti, Don, Dostana etc he was named Vijay and the films succeeded. Even in film Sholey, his name was Jay – a short form of Vijay, to pair with name Veeru !

According to one film site, Amitabh was named Vijay in as many as 20+ films from 1973 to 2000. Since finding name Vijay successful, many other actors too wanted this name and consequently, Jeetendra was Vijay in 18 films, Mithun Chakrawarty was Vijay in 16 films. Additionally Shashi Kapoor in 7, Shatrughna Sinha in 6, Raj Babbar in 6, Jacky Shroff in 5, Sunil Dutt in 4 films. Further Govinda, Rajesh khanna, Vinod Khanna etc also had Vijay name by choice in their films.

So much for the concept of Lucky – Unlucky !

Film Vijay-42 was directed by Mohan Sinha. Mohan Sinha was born on 2-12-1903 at Indore. He studied upto Matriculation in Indore. His uncle was General Bhavnani Singh, who was in the Indore state army. With his help, Mohan got in state army as a Lieutenant. However, he did not continue for long and left the army. In 1933, he started a film company at Indore-Navyug films. But due to lack of opportunities in Indore, it was closed soon.

Mohan came to Bombay, floated Krishna Films and made and directed a film ” Fashionable India”-35. It was a hit film and he got offers from Rajputana films,General Pictures, Circo and National. He worked with all of them. Sinha went to Calcutta and started Murli pictures. He made ” Swaraj ke sipahi”-37, which was a flop. He came back to Bombay and directed Industrial India-38, for General films. Then came Swastik-39, Laxmi-40,Anuradha-40 and Vanmala-41. He floated Murari Pictures in 1942 and made Badlati Duniya-43 and Krishnarjuna yudha-45 ( This film was appreciated by Dr. Rajendra prasad, Dr. Shamaprasad Mukherji, Veer Savarkar and Acharya kriplani also)

In 1946, Mohan Sinha directed K L Saigal in Omar Khayyam, Surendra in 1857, Raj Kapoor in Dil ki Rani-47 and Dev Anand in Jeet-49. Mohan Sinha directed in all 32 films. He wrote lyrics for 62 songs in 7 films. His last film was Shaan E Hind-60. He died in 1984. Mohan Sinha’s granddaughter Vidya Sinha was an actress. Vidya’s mother was Mohan’s daughter and she died while giving birth to Vidya. From what I had read somewhere, Vidya’s father PRATAP RANA was so grief stricken that he refused to see his new born daughter and it was Mohan who brought her up and even named the little one after her Late mother VIDYA and gave her his own surname.

All the songs of film Vijay-42 were written by Dr.Safdar Aah Sitapuri. It was director Mehboob, who brought Safdar as a Lyricist for his film Aurat-40, made by National Studios. The composer was Anil Biswas. The pair of Anil Biswas and Safdar lasted for many films. In fact, Dr. Safdar wrote his last song for film Maan-54 for which Anil Biswas composed the music.

Dr. Safdar gave songs to many films of National Studios like, Asra, behan,Roshni, Roti, Vijay etc. His best known song was was the famous Mukesh song ‘ Dil jalta hai to jalne de” from Pehli Nazar-45. He wrote 197 songs for 28 films. He also tried his hand at directing 2 films, namely Bhookh-47 and Maan-54.

Today’s song is a very rare song. According to the uploader, our own Sadanand Kamath ji, it is probably the only song which used the word ” Dilchasp’ in the lyrics.

The song is very melodious and is a duet of Anil Biswas and Amar- an occasional singer. The real name of Amar was Nasir. He was from Punjab. He was born in 1920. After doing bit roles in some films,he got a major break in film Sanyasi-45,in which he sang 5 duets and 1 solo. His solo song,’ Tooti hui kashti’ became very popular.

In 1946,he was the Hero of film Bindiya, where Ragini ( who later migrated to Pakistan) was his Heroine. MD was Kamal Dasgupta, who gave him 3 songs.

Then he was Hero of Suraiya in Natak-47. He sang 1 duet with her and 2 solos. Later he did films like Maang, Lalaji, Vijay, Shukriya, Keemat etc. After 1950 he was doing character roles till 1970. He acted in total 89 films and sang 18 songs in 8 films. He died in 1980.

With this song, “Vijay”(1942) makes its debut in the blog.


Song- Haay dil haay dil (Vijay)(1942) Singers- Anil Biswas, Amar, Lyrics- Dr. Safdar Aah Sitapuri, MD- Anil Biswas
chorus

Lyrics

haay dil
haay dil
haay dil
haay dil

kaash khoya hua mera mil jaaye dil
kaash khoya hua mera mil jaaye dil
haay dil
haay dil
haay dil
haay dil

ye haseenon ka dilchasp baazaar hai
jisko dekho wo dil ka khareedaar hai
ye haseenon ka dilchasp baazaar hai
jisko dekho wo dil ka khareedaar hai
kaise bach kar yahaan se bhalaa jaaye dil
kaise bach kar yahaan se bhalaa jaaye dil
haay dil
haay dil
haay dil
haay dil

koi kahta hai dilwaale aana idhar
koi kahta hai dilwaale aana idhar
koi zaalim chalaata hai teer e nazar
koi zaalim chalaata hai teer e nazar

sa yahi chaahte hain ki mit jaaye dil
sab yahi chaahte hain ki mit jaaye dil
haay dil
haay dil
haay dil
haay dil

kaash khoya hua mera mil jaaye dil
kaash khoya hua mera mil jaaye dil
haay dil
haay dil
haay dil
haay dil


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3994 Post No. : 15087

Today’s song is from film Naiya-1947. This social film was made by Mohan Pictures of Ramniklal Shah, which normally made C grade stunt films. The director was Aslam Noori and the music was by Anil Biswas. The cast of the film included Mazhar khan, Munawar Sultana, Ashraf khan, Anwar, Shehzadi, Suman, Balakram, Siraz etc etc. The film had 6 songs listed in HFGK, with record numbers. However it also indicates that there could be 3 more songs, about which no information is available. Lyricist’s name is not mentioned in HFGK,but I find that moviepedia.in mentions name of Aslam Noori – the director as its Lyricist also.

Though 1947 was an year of turmoil due to Partition, it is in this year that a Record production of films was registered, with 181 Hindi films in 1947 alone. This record took another 47 years to get broken, when in 1988, as many as 185 Hindi films were made.( ref: Film Index by Harmandir ji ).

It was also that due to Partition, many Muslim composers like G A Chishti aka Babaji, Ghulam Haider, Firoz Nizami, Rafiq Ghaznavi etc. shifted their base to the new country Pakistan. Some of them continued to visit India and do films, for few more years, on and off. Lyricists like Wahzad Lucknowi and Tanvir Naqvi etc, Singers like Nurjehan, Khurshid, and some actors and actresses too migrated to Pakistan. However, their void was filled up, when younger and talented second line of artistes took over and India did not suffer much.

MDs like Sardar Malik and Ramprasad made their debut, as did lyricists Shakeel Badayuni and Rajendra Krishna in 1947. Asha ( in a chorus), M S Subbulaxmi also debuted this year. Films Jugnu, Do Bhai, Dard and Shehnai saw lasting music getting created in them.

The film industry got a shock in early 1947 with Saigal’s death. Alongwith movies with memorable music, we also had Films like Naiya, whose songs failed to make their mark. The movie “Naiyya” came and went almost unnoticed at the box office.

Artistes leaving one country and migrating to another can be understood, because they continue same work in the new place too. But ever thought what must artistes, who retire or leave films, be doing in their after – life ? One day this question came to my mind and I started thinking. The simple answer was that if it was a woman, she would look after her family and be a housewife, and if it was a man, either he would spend life as a retired person or die in penury. I decided to find out if there was any other way people did spend their balance life.
I found at least 4 cases where people who left this industry midway, did something unusual.

The first case is that of an actor called SHASHI KAPOOR. No-No, he is not that Shashi Kapoor, who was famous actor of the 60s and 70s, who acted in films like Deewar, Dharmaputra, Trishul and many films with Nanda and Sharmila and who was the younger brother of Raj kapoor and Shammi Kapoor.

This actor’s name was Shashi chand F. Kapoor. He acted in the 40s and 50s mainly as a child actor. He acted in 21 films in all. His last film was Bhagwat Mahima-1955. He left films, though in demand and pursued studies. He did B.Sc, M.Sc, LL.B. and taught in Wilson and Kirti colleges, Bombay, and also did work in S.B.I. Then he went to USA for further studies, did his Ph.D. from Michigan University. He worked as faculty member of Michigan University from 1967 to 1998. Then he retired and remained in USA. Sometime back, he gave interviews on Cineplot and Maitri Manthan sites.

The second case is of a Music Director-Mukund Rai Trivedi, who was one of the RAI-FRANK jodi of composers. They together gave music to film GOGOLA-1964. Mukund Rai soon realised that his choice of career was wrong and he left. He joined his family business of Mining in Balaghat-MP and became a very rich and powerful person.

The third case is of ARJUN BAKSHI who was Hero of Malhar-51. He acted in some more films, then wrote screenplays and then left films. He shifted to Canada and opened a Music Shop.

The fourth case is very strange !

ASHRAF KHAN was an actor and singer in many films in the period of 30s to 50s. He left films ……..and became……..believe it or not…..a SUFI SAINT !

I had first time written a short note about him somewhere 7 years ago…in 2012 or so. Here is his information again, but in a different format with some more information collected later on. My friend shri Kamlakar Pasupuleti ji had done lot of research on this actor. It was from his Blog, I first learnt the details about Ashraf Khan.

Ashraf Khan shot to limelight with film Baghban – 1938 . He played the role of a mendicant and rendered three lovely songs composed by Music Director Mushtaq Husain . Ro ro nain gavanvun ,sajanva aan milo was the most popular song among the three songs he rendered. The movie was a great hit and all the nine songs in the movie were popular. The movie was directed by AR Kardar. The lyrics were penned by the comedian Mirza Musharraf. He was paid Rs 90 / – for the nine songs he wrote for the movie. It is important to know how Ashraf Khan progressed in his life and attained the spiritual powers with which he helped millions of people across the globe .

Ashraf Khan was born in Indore in 1901. He lost his father at a young age of seven. The burden of taking care of his widowed mother and a young sister fell on his shoulder . Indore was a famous city for wrestling and the wrestling competitions were held for all ages including children. He took up wrestling as a profession for some time . He later became a Shepard boy and guarded the sheep .

He had a good voice and used to sing while taking the sheep in and out of the city. One evening while returning home from the outskirts he started singing loudly. A Gujarati drama company was stationed in a near by bungalow. The owner of the drama company heard his song and he was called inside. The owner asked the boy if he is willing to work for the drama company. The boy replied Yes. There upon the owner asked him if he can play the role of a girl. The boy daringly replied No, will play the role of a boy . The owner was impressed and he got into the Gujarati drama company.

He started playing small roles and as he grew up was given the role of a hero . His salary increased gradually and by the time he was playing hero roles he was paid Rs 600 / per month. He used to give away his entire earnings to his mother. His mother used to give him four annas a day as his allowance as he had the habit of eating Paan( betal leaf ), but Ashraf Khan used to return back the four annas to his mother in the evening.

Ashraf Khan’s mother tongue was Urdu and Pushtu but he learnt to speak Gujarati with ease and he rendered his dialogues fluently. He gave record breaking performances in Malopati Manjh ( Prithvi Vallabh ). He played the role of a hero Prithvi Vallabh in three thousand shows. Prithvi Raj Chauhan was another stage performance in which he played the hero role of Prithviraj Chauhan in two thousand shows. Ashraf Khan was associated with the Gujarati stage even after joining the films .

With the advent of talkie he moved over to Bombay in 1931. His first film was Shakuntala-31 ( made in Bombay.There was another film Shakuntala made same year in Calcutta by Madon Theatres) With his experience in stage he was hired for three movies Bhartruhari, Gul-e-Bakavali and Veer Kunal. He played the role of a hero initially and later in life played character roles. He acted in more then two dozen movies. Mehboob Khan portrayed him as a mad professor in his famous film Roti – 1942. It was during the filming of Roti that he came in contact with Peer-o-Murshid ( Spiritual Guide) Ghulam Sarvar. Ghulam Sarvar belonged to Lahore and was employed in railways as a guard. He had many followers in Bombay. Ashraf Khan’s devotion towards his spiritual guide was so great that when ever he visited Bombay he used to carry his luggage on his head and escort him home .

Large crowds used to gather to meet Peer-o-Murshid Ghulam Sarvar in the 1940’s and among the film personalities the notable were A R Kardar, Mehboob Khan, Yaqub, Prithviraj Kapoor , Trilok Kapoor, Sardar Akhtar, Akhtari Faizabadi, Jaddan Bai etc etc to name a few. Akhtari Faizabadi and Jaddan Bai used to sing devotional songs during the assembly .

Taking care of the visitors foot ware was the first duty assigned to him by his Peer and Ashraf Khan never thought it was a menial job He knew that the peer is shedding his ego by assigning such tasks. Peer-o-Murshid Ghulam Sarvar was so pleased with his devotion that he handed over his Gaddi ( seat ) to Ashraf Khan. Ashraf Khan became a Peer .

His association with the Gujarati stage lasted till his end. In 1962 after his last stage show at Dharoji in Gujarat he returned to the Durgah where he was stationed with his family . It was the ninth day of the Gyarhvi Sharief ( the eleventh month of Islamic calender ). He lied down on his bed and spoke few words to his wife and fell unconscious, but his lips started moving as if he is narrating verses from Ayat Sherief. This situation continued the whole of that night and the next day. His wife , family members and devotees remained at his bed side reading verses from Ayat Sherief He opened his eyes in the evening. His devotees asked him how he was and he replied that where ever he is, he is doing well .

He was brought to the hospital at Rajkot in this condition. Ashraf Khan passed away at eleven PM on the eleventh day of the Gyarhvi Sherief, the eleventh month of Islamic calendar. His mortal remains were brought for funeral to the residence of Dr Malik who was a friend and a devotee. His devotees were chanting holy verses from Ayat Sherief and Darood Sherief . Around 4 O’ clock in the morning he opened his eyes once again, looked all around him with a smile and closed his eyes. This was a surprising moment for all those who were present around him. A dead man opening his eyes and smiling was some thing strange. The crowd shouted Hazrat is alive, Hazrat is alive, call the doctor. There are several people alive today who witnessed this strange incidence. Dr Malik examined him and pronounced him dead. He was buried at a place which is located on the highway . The Urs is celebrated every year and lakhs of devotees all across the globe visit his Mazaar ( Tomb ).

There are hundreds of families in Hyderabad whose vows were fulfilled by the spiritual powers of Hazrat Ashraf Khan. Each family has a different story to narrate. Many sickly people got cured, many got rid of financial troubles, rivals became friends, many women became mothers after best efforts by doctors failed .

Amirbai Karnataki rendered a couple of devotional songs in his praise. Some disc collectors of Hyderabad had them in their collection .

Ashraf Khan acted in 30 films in all. Some of his films were- Aaiye 1949, Phool 1945, Roti 1942, Baghban 1938, Ajamil 1934, Roop Basant 1933, Malati Madhav 1933, Husn Ka Gulam 1933, Veer Kunal 1932, Gul-e-Bakavali 1932, Bhartruhari 1932. He sang 59 songs in 14 films. Some of songs rendered by Ashraf Khan were in movies …..Baagbaan 1938, Baaghi 1939, Aazaadi-E-Vatan 1940, Roti 1942, Pagli Duniya 1944 and Naiya-1947. His last film was Arab ka sitara-1961.

Noted Record Historian, and President of S.I.R.C., Dr. Suresh Chandvankar also wrote about Ashraf Khan in his book in Marathi ” पूर्वसूरींचे सूर “. He says that after the death of his parents, Ashraf khan was looked after by his father’s Hindu friend Baburao. He learnt Gujarati so well that people thought that he was a Gujarati. He entered Gujarati stage. Due to his good singing, in later period he was called Saigal of Gujarat. In 1960, he was felicitated by the President of India. In Bombay he had a bungalow in Girgaon. From 1950 onwards, he inclined towards Sufism, while still working on stage and films.

After his death, his Darga is set up at Dana Limdi, on the Bombay-Gujarat highway, where every year an Urs is held and lakhs of visitors come.

Truly, reality is stranger than fiction, indeed !

Another interesting name in the list of the cast of film Naiya-47 is that of Shiraj or Master Shiraj. He was one of the most popular and very famous Hero in the silent era. Like many others, when the Talkie era began, he too was relegated to the background and with great difficulty could get character roles in films. His first Talkie film was Mast Faqir-1934. He sang one song each in 2 films- Baghdad ka chor-34 and Chalta Purja-34. He continued doing roles in films.

During his good times, he had learnt the art of Massaging, as a Hobby and this became his last straw for survival. When film roles were not available, he used to roam about with his kit and do Massaging to earn a living. After doing about 26 films, till Naiya-47, he stopped getting credited in the cast. Now he worked as an extra.

He was last seen in film Guddi-1971- doing massage to Omprakash in one scene. In that film, Dharmendra tells Jaya Bhaduri (Guddi) that Master Shiraj was a star in silent film era. Director Hrishikesh Mukherjee ensured that Shiraj got his name in the film credits of Guddi-71.

Master Shiraj was just one of those unfortunate film artistes who spent their end-time in a very pathetic manner. Some other examples are- actor/singer Parshuram died on road as a beggar, Singer Vatsala Kumthekar died on road as a mad beggar,Wasti was seen begging near Liberty cinema and Rattanbai was seen begging near Haji Ali. There are many more such stories. The world of films is the most unpredictable and unless the artiste is wise to secure his future, there is no light at the end of the tunnel !

Today’s song from film Naiya-47 is a typical old time style song. Nothing special about the song, but the singer was special.


Song-Siyaram ram Siyaram(Naiyya)(1947) Singer- Ashraf Khan, Lyricist- Safdar Aah Sitapuri, MD- Anil Biswas
Chorus

Lyrics

Siyaram ram siyaram ram
Siyaram ram siyaram ram
Siyaram ram siyaram

Pran ka panchhi ud gayo raam
tan ka pinjra soona soona aa
Pran ka panchhi ud gayo raam
tan ka pinjra soona soona
Siyaram ram siyaram ram
Siyaram ram siyaram ram
Siyaram ram siyaram

janam janam ki sangi saansen aen
pawan pawan mein mil gayi jaan
Siyaram ram
siyaram

janam janam ki sangi saansen aen
pawan pawan mein mil gayi jaan
Siyaram ram
siyaram

tod ke naata maat pita khud
chita maan chola rakh diya aaj
Siyaram ram
Siyaram

raamnaam chhut kahu na apna
raam
siyaram
raamnaam chhut kahu na apna
sumran kar man raam ka naam
tan ka pinjra soona soona
pran ka panchhi ud gayo raam
tan ka pinjra soona soona
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram

mahal domahle sona chaandi ee
raaj paat jag ka sukh chain aen
mahal domahle sona chaandi ee
raaj paat jag ka sukh chain
jaise sapna dekh rahe thhe ae
aankh jo moondi khul gaye nain
Siyaram ram Siyaram
jaise sapna dekh rahe thhe ae
aankh jo moondi khul gaye nain
Siyaram ram Siyaram

kaunn bharam maan phansa thha man re
kaunn bharam maan aan
kaunn bharam maan phansa thha man re
aise bharam ko sau parnaam
tan ka pinjra soona soona
pran ka panchhi ud gayo raam
tan ka pinjra soona soona
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram

Siyaram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3972 Post No. : 15058

———————————————–——————————————
Blog 10-Year Challenge (2009-19) – Song No. 34
——————————————————————————————

Ten years back, 3rd June, 2009, five songs and five films. The films are,

Shart 1954
Return of Mr Superman 1960
Ganga Jamuna 1961
Khoj 1971
Ek Baar Muskura Do 1972

The film ‘Shart’ from 1954 made its debut on the blog with the iconic “Naa Ye Chaand Hogaa Na Taare Rahenge”. In terms of completion, the films ‘Shart’ and ‘Ganga Jamuna’ have been yippeee’d already. The remaining songs of the rest of the three films are waiting in the wings.

Coming of 1960s also saw the waning of the career of music director Anil Biswas. Active in the industry since 1935, Anil Biswas has made a very significant and a lasting contribution to the music of Hindi cinema. A trendsetter in many ways, Anil Da has also been responsible to introduce and groom some of the finest singing voices in the industry.

After two and half decades, in the beginning of 1960s, his body of work was reduced to just a trickle. In 1961, he directs the music for ‘Lucky Number’; in 1962, it is ‘Sautela Bhai’; and after many delays, ‘Chhoti Chhoti Baaten’ finally got released in 1965.  And it turns out to be his last film in the industry. He had actually moved to Delhi already, during this time frame (March of 1963) and was working at the All India Radio as the director of the National Orchestra and Chief Producer of the program ‘Sugam Sangeet’.

Today, we revisit one of his lesser known films – ‘Return of Mr Superman’ from 1960. The song is a mujra performance, presented on screen by Heera Sawant. I hope I am correctly identifying the main dancer in this clip. I request other knowledgeable readers and friends to please confirm or correct me. There are other actors in the audience that can be identified. We can clearly make out David and Rajan Haksar. There is another gentleman with ruffled hair and a large round eyes. I request the readers and friends to please help put a name to this face. Also, there is a trio of supporting singers on screen, who lip sync the chorus lines. Again, the request is to help identify these ladies.
[Ed Note: Prakash ji has identified the “. . .gentleman with ruffled hair and a large round eyes.” as Jagdish Kanwal. Thanks Prakash ji.]

The film is produced and directed by Manmohan Sabir, for his home banner – Manmohan Pictures, Bombay. The film has seven songs listed in the Geet Kosh, written by four songwriters – Anand Bakshi, Kaif Irfani, Manmohan Sabir, and PL Santoshi. This song is written by Manmohan Sabir. The music, of course, is by Anil Biswas.

The cast of the film is listed as Jairaj, Sheela Ramani, Helen, David, Naazi, Majnu, Shammi, Ram Mohan, Rajan Haksar, Jagdish Kanwal, Heera Sawant, Nazeer Kashmiri, Mohinder, Saleem Raza, Robert, Gulab, Ramesh, Arvind, Harun, Master Naveen, Krishna, and Funny Walker.

There is one interesting discussion that we have had earlier on this blog, relating to one song purportedly from this film. The song is “Stella O Stella O Stella”. The curiosity about this song is that it has also appeared earlier in the film ‘Chaar Dil Chaar Raahen’ from 1959. This earlier film also has music directed by Anil Biswas. On our blog, it so happens that this song, as it appears in ‘Return of Mr Superman’ is already posted; and the same song as it appears in ‘Chaar Dil Chaar Raahen’ has not yet been posted.

I would like to bring to the notice of interested readers, the fact that this song does NOT appear in the list of songs given in Geet Kosh for the film ‘Return of Mr Superman’. The original song, as appearing in ‘Chaar Dil Chaar Raahen’, written by Sahir Sb, is the correct attribution of this song. The appearance in the later film ‘Return of Mr Superman’ is simply a repeat use, probably inserted at a short notice to fill a certain scenario. The song certainly does not belong to this later film.

Coming back to the song for today – as one listens carefully, one realizes that this is actually a ghazal that has been presented as a mujra. An interesting variation. I am sure we will find more such instances, if we start looking carefully. Earlier, we have identified a couple of ghazals that has been presented as qawwaalis (and I am sure there are more of such instances also). So now we have another variation – I am sure we will find more cases of a ghazal presented as a mujra. As one listens to the wordings, it is really a very endearing expression –

dil to tujh ko de diya, ab jaan bhi de denge hum
jaan lene se na ab, ae jaan e mann ghabraaiye

So, remembering Anil Biswas – his rememberance day was 31st May, just three days ago. Getting on to another 10 year connect. And getting to listen to this wonderful mujra. . .

Editor note-With this song, Meena Kapoor completes 100th song as a singer in the blog.

Song – Dil Milaate Jaaiye Nazren Milaate Jaaiye (Return of Mr Superman) (1960) Singer – Meena Kapoor, Lyrics – Manmohan Sabir, MD – Anil Biswas
Chorus

Lyrics

dil milaate jaaiye..ae..ae
nazren milaate jaaiye
dil milaate jaaiye
nazren milaate jaaiye
ik nazar ae meharbaan
ab aur na tarsaaiye
ik nazar ae meharbaan
ab aur na tarsaaiye

haaye na tarsaaiye
ab aur na tarsaaiye
dil milaate jaaiye
nazren milaate jaaiye
dil milaate jaaiye
nazren milaate jaaiye

aap ka parda rahe aur
hum ko ho deedaar e yaar
aaaa aaaa aaaa aaaa
bach ke duniya ki nazar se
ae ji khwaab mein aa jaaiye
bach ke duniya ki nazar se
khwaab mein aa jaaiye
khwaab mein aa jaaiye
khwaab mein aa jaaiye
dil milaate jaaiye
nazren milaate jaaiye
dil milaate jaaiye
nazren milaate jaaiye

gair ki mehfil mein hum se
parda-daari kis liye
haaan aaaa aaaa aaaa
hum tumhaare hain
tumhaare
tumhaa..are
ae ji hum se na sharmaaiye
hum tumhaare hain
tumhaare
hum se na sharmaaiye
hum se na sharmaaiye ji 
hum se na sharmaaiye
dil milaate jaaiye
nazren milaate jaaiye
dil milaate jaaiye
nazren milaate jaaiye

dil to tujh ko de diya
ho oo oo oo oo
dil to tujh ko de diya
ab jaan bhi de denge hum
haaan aaa aaa aaa aaaa
jaan lene se na ab
ae jaan e mann ghabraaiye
jaan lene se na ab
ae jaan e mann ghabraaiye
jaan e mann ghabraaiye
ji jaan e mann ghabraaiye
dil milaate jaaiye
nazren milaate jaaiye
ik nazar ae meharbaan
ab aur na tarsaaiye
dil milaate jaaiye
nazren milaate jaaiye

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

दिल मिलाते जाइए॰॰ए॰॰ए
नज़रें मिलाते जाइए
दिल मिलाते जाइए
नज़रें मिलाते जाइए
इक नज़र ए मेहरबान
अब और ना तरसाइए
इक नज़र ए मेहरबान
अब और ना तरसाइए

हाए ना तरसाइए
अब और ना तरसाइए
दिल मिलाते जाइए
नज़रें मिलाते जाइए
दिल मिलाते जाइए
नज़रें मिलाते जाइए

आप का पर्दा रहे और
हमको हो दीदार ए यार
आ आ आ आ
बच के दुनिया की नज़र से
ए जी ख्वाब में आ जाइए
बच के दुनिया की नज़र से
ख्वाब में आ जाइए
ख्वाब में आ जाइए
ख्वाब में आ जाइए
दिल मिलाते जाइए
नज़रें मिलाते जाइए
दिल मिलाते जाइए
नज़रें मिलाते जाइए

गैर की महफिल में हमसे
पर्दादारी किस लिए
हाँ आ आ आ आ
हम तुम्हारे हैं
तुम्हारे
तुम्हा॰॰आरे
ए जी हम से ना शर्माइए
हम तुम्हारे हैं
तुम्हारे
हम से ना शर्माइए
हम से ना शर्माइए
जी हम से ना शर्माइए
दिल मिलाते जाइए
नज़रें मिलाते जाइए
दिल मिलाते जाइए
नज़रें मिलाते जाइए

दिल तो तुझको दे दिया
हो ओ ओ ओ ओ
दिल तो तुझको दे दिया
अब जान भी दे देंगे हम
जान लेने से ना अब
ए जान ए मन घबराइए
जान लेने से ना अब
ए जान ए मन घबराइए
जान ए मन घबराइए
जी जान ए मन घबराइए
दिल मिलाते जाइए
नज़रें मिलाते जाइए
इक नज़र ए मेहरबान
अब और ना तरसाइए
दिल मिलाते जाइए
नज़रें मिलाते जाइए


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has over 15700 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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(© 2008 - 2020) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

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