Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Ghazal’ Category


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

The ghazal ‘na kisi ki aankh kaa noor hoon’ has been embroiled in a debate about its authorship. This ghazal became popular and well known when Mohammed Rafi sang it for the film ‘Laal Qila’ (1960). The ghazal was credited to Bahadur Shah Zafar, the last Mughal emperor. In fact, this ghazal was picturised on Bahadur Shah Zafar, this role played by M Kumar. The sentiment expressed in the ghazal fitted very well with the status of Bahadur Shah Zafar as the last Mughal king whose writ did not work beyond the walled city of Delhi. It was this that probably led many to believe that the ghazal was the expression of his inner feelings of sorrow and self-pity.

However, there were some Urdu laureates who believed that the ghazal was written by Muztar Khairabadi (1865-1927). But there was no credible evidence to prove the authorship of this ghazal. It was believed that the house in which Muztar’s collections of poems and other works were kept was burned down by hooligans during the communal riots in Delhi in 1947. With this, much of his literary works was destroyed. Both Jaan Nisar Akhtar and Javed Akhtar, the son and grandson respectively of Muztar Khairabadi kept mum on the issue of the authorship of the ghazal. This gave credence to the belief that they did not possess any evidence (at that time) to prove that the ghazal was written by Murtaza Khairabadi.

It is said that Muztar Khairabadi was the magistrate for the states of Tonk (now in Rajasthan) and Gwalior (now in Madhya Pradesh). He was known for his unbiased judgements which were often delivered in extemporaneous verses. He was famous for his judgement on Nathumal’s case which came for hearing to him. The Maharaja of Gwalior had sent instructions to Muztar Khairabadi to deliver the judgement against Nathumal. But he set him free. Having displeased his royal patron, he left his judicial service and fled to Bhopal. It is also said that some of his literary works and other belongings were kept with one of his friends to be collected later. However, that day never came. Later, the friend handed over his belongings to his son, Jaan Nisar Akhtar. He was in the process of publishing his father’s poems when he died in 1976.

During the shifting of his flat, the bundles of Muztar Khairabadi’s works came to Javed Akhtar. He has explained as to how he stumbled upon the unpublished poems, in his chat with ‘The Indian Express’ which was published in December 5, 2015 issue. Excerpts below:

“I found a cardboard box filled with odds and ends among my grandfather’s things. Not knowing what to do with it, I kept it in storage and promptly forgot about it,” he said. It was much later that he found letters from Muztar’s friends, literary luminaries and manuscripts of Khairabadi’s collection of unpublished poetry in his own handwriting.

Akhtar further added that the collection then appeared ready for printing, for it had a title, ‘Khirman,’ appended by his grandfather. The contents of the collection have now transformed into a handsomely produced five-volume compendium. He said while none of Muztar Khairabadi’s poems were published during his lifetime, he was nevertheless a bit of an urban legend.

Akhtar said: “A very famous ghazal of Muztar, ‘Na kisi ki aankh ka noor hoon, na kisi ke dil ka qaraar hoon, jo kisi ke kaam na aa sakey main woh ek musht-e-ghubaar hoon’ (I am the light of no one’s eyes, the throb of no one’s heart, I am that fistful of dust that can be of no use to anyone) has been wrongly ascribed to Bahadur Shah Zafar, the last Mughal emperor.

Having found the manuscript of the ghazal in Muztar’s own handwriting, it has now been proved beyond doubt that the ghazal ‘na kisi ki aankh ka noor hoon’ was indeed written by Muztar Khairabadi. Another evidence of the authorship of the ghazal is that the maqta she’r of the ghazal contains nom de plume ‘Muztar’. The full ghazal is here.

It is interesting to note that ‘Laal Qila’ (1960) was not the first film in which the ghazal ‘na kisi ki aankh ka noor hoon’ was used. Before that, this ghazal was sung by Rajkumari Dubey in the film TOOTE TAARE (1948) under the music direction of Shaukat Ali (Naashaad). Obviously, in this film also, the ghazal was credited to Bahadur Shah Zafar.

Toote Taare (1948) had 8 songs and two of them have been covered in the Blog. I am presenting the 3rd song from the film, a rare one as mentioned earlier. I could not locate the video of this ghazal on YT. Hence, I have made the video from the mp3 clip which I got it from Dr Surjit Singh’s Website and uploaded the same on YT.

S N Tripathi composed the ghazal for ‘Laal Qila’ (1960) keeping in view the state of mind in which Bahadur Shah Zafar was going through after his empire was collapsing and it was confined to only a part of Delhi. But Naashaad has given a different treatment in his composition. Probably, sentiments in the ghazal reflected the state of mind of the heroine in line with the story of the film.


Song-Na kisi ki aankh ka noor hoon (Toote Taare)(1948) Singer-Rajkumari, Lyrics-Muztar Khairabadi, MD-Nashaad

Lyrics

aa aa aa
aa aa aa

na kisi ki aankh kaa noor hoon
na kisi ke dil kaa qaraar hoon
jo kisi ke kaam naa aa sakey
main wo ek musht-e- ghubaar hoon
na kisi ki aankh kaa noor hoon

meraa rang roop bigad gaya aa aa aaa
mera rang roop bigad gaya aa aa aaa
meraa yaar mujhse bichhad gaya
meraa yaar mujhse bichhad gaya aa
jo chaman khizaan se ujad gaya
jo chaman khizaan se ujad gaya
main ussi ki fasl-e-bahaar hoon
main ussi ki fasl-e-bahaar hoon
na kisi ki aankh kaa noor hoon
na kisi ke dil kaa qaraar hoon
na kisi ki aankh kaa noor hoon

main nahin hoon naghma-e-jaan fiza aa aa
mujhe sun ke koi karega kyaa
mujhe sun ke koi karega kyaa aa
main bade birog ki hoon sadaa
main bade birog ki hoon sadaa
kisi dil jale ki pukaar hoon
kisi dil jale ki pukaar hoon
naa kisi ki aankh kaa noor hoon
na kisi ke dil kaa qaraar hoon
jo kisi ke kaam naa aa sakey
main wo ek musht-e- ghubar hoon
naa kisi ki aankh kaa noor hoon


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws. This is his 400th writeup in the blog

apni marzi se kahaan apne safar ke hum hain
rukh hawaaon kaa jidhar kaa hai udhar ke hum hain

-Nida Fazli

[There is no choice for us as to where we embark on the journey.
Where the direction of the wind is the place to which we belong].
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Forgotten Melodies of the 1940s – 50
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Khud samajh lo ke iltijaa kya hai
Hamhin keh den to phir mazaa kya hai

Iltijaa= Request, desire

The matla (first) she’r of the above ghazal penned by Arzoo Lucknawi is apparently addressed to the ‘maashooqa’ (beloved) by ‘aashiq’ (lover) saying that the former should get a hint, may be the way he talks and treat the beloved, as to what is his request or what he is desirous of. There is no fun if he reveals his request/desire.
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This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

I had no idea about this film KAARWAAN-E-HUSN (1935), a name that I heard for the first time. Even the name of the singer, Miss Noor Jahan was new for me. The film was produced under the banner of Kanwal Movietone and was directed by Choudhary M Raffi. The star cast included S.Nazir, Shahzadi, M. Ansari, S M Hadi, Zohrajaan, Miss Noor Jahan, Agha etc.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Forgotten Melodies of the 1940s – 46
——————————————————–

I take it as a privilege to present the 100th song of a low profile music director who was very active during 1937-1948 though his musical career in films extended till 1965. I have described him as a low profile music director because he and his music has rarely been discussed in articles and books pertaining to Hindi film music. Even Dr Ashok Da Ranade, in his book ‘Hindi Film Song – Music Beyond Boundary’ has not found it necessary to discuss the technicalities of his musical scores who was music director for 58 films aggregating over 600 songs. The music director under discussion is Gyan Dutt.
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This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Forgotten Melodies of the 1940s -38
—————————————
PRARTHANA (1943) was produced under the banner of Minerva Movietone and it was directed by Sarvottam Badami. The star cast included Motilal, Jahanara Kajjan, Sabita Devi, K N Singh, Nimbalkar, Ghulam Hussein, Sadat Ali, Abu Bakar etc. There were 10 songs in the film and five of them were rendered by Jahanara Kajjan. All the songs penned by Dr Safdar Aah Sitapuri were set to music by Saraswati Devi. The main features of all the songs were that they were all based on Hindustani classical raagas.
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This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Forgotten Melodies of the 1940s – 34
———————————————————

‘Mitti Ke Khiloune’ (1948) was produced under the banner of Ranjit Movietone and it was directed by Prahlad Dutt. The star cast included Karan Dewan, Nigar Sultana, Nirupa Roy, Dulari, Ram Avatar, SN Tripathi, Pandit Iqbal etc. The film was reviewed in March 1949 issue of ‘Filmindia’ magazine. The story of the film appears familiar, probably repeated in a few later Hindi films:
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This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Forgotten Melodies of the 1940s -33
—————————————–
MANMAANI (1947) was produced under the banner of Ajit Pictures and it was directed by Sarvottam Badami. The star cast included Jairaj, Ragini, E. Billimoria, Sabita Devi, Nazir Hussain, Amar etc. There were 10 songs in the film but the name of the lyricist is not known. From the gist of the story given in Wikipedia, the film appears to be an interesting one:
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This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Forgotten Melodies of the 1940s – 32
—————————————–

DEEWAANI (1947) was produced by Sohrab Modi under the banner of Minerva Movietone and it was directed by Y D Sarpotdar. The star cast included Wasti, Mumtaz Shanti, Husn Bano, Ghulam Hussain, Abu Bakar, Chanda Bai, Jilani, Sadat Ali, Satya Rani etc. There were 8 songs in the film written by Shams Azimabadi (6) and Sewan Rizvi (2) which were set to music by Gyan Dutt. From the star cast and a couple of songs that I heard, the film seems to belong to social genre, probably a family drama. One song from the film has been covered in the Blog.
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This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Forgotten Melodies of the 1940s – 30
———————————————————

The date was 11th March 1947. The place was Jeevan House, Bombay. The Secretary of the Progressive Writers Association (PWA) was reporting the proceedings of its weekly meeting. Around 50 poets and writers had assembled at the meeting. Among them were Josh Malihabadi, Saghar Nizami, Dr Safdar Aah Sitapuri, Majaz Lucknawi, Ali Sardar Jafri, Vishwamitra Adil, Kaifi Azmi, Sahir Ludhianvi and Majrooh Sultanpuri.
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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where "new" songs are added every day, and that has been the case for more than eight years. This blog has over 12200 song posts by now.

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12248

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Movies with all their songs covered =805 Total Number of movies covered =3427

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