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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Songs of 1950s (1951 to 1960)’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4108 Post No. : 15259

Today’s song is a lovely duet by Lata and Hemant Kumar, from film Daaka-59. The film was made by Starland productions, Bombay for Hasmukh Kheda. The film was directed by Nanubhai Bhatt and the 6 songs of the film were written by Majrooh Sultanpuri (2 songs) and by Prem Dhawan (4 songs). Their music was composed by the King of Melody – Chitragupta. Dilip Dholakia was his assistant for this movie.

The cast of the film was Ashok Kumar, Nirupa Roy, Pran, Maruti, Smriti Biswas, Badri Pershad, Balam, Kesari, Kathana etc.etc. Songs of this film were recorded in 1956, but for reasons not known to us, the film was censored only in 1959 (25-11-1959). The length of the film was 12,698 feet and was in 14 reels.

Why I gave the details of the length and number of reels is that during the period of 50s, I remember how the films used to begin in the theatres. In Hyderabad city, once the show time was up, the theatre would be plunged in darkness and advertisements would start with slides or shorts. After this, usually there would be Indian News Reel or a Documentary of the Films Division. The Indian News reel was interesting and when some Cricket match was being played, here or abroad, some shots of the match would be shown. By this time, all the audience used to be in their seats. The first scene of the start of the main film was showing its Censor Certificate. It was at this time, when 99% audience used to read loudly in chorus, “14 Reels”, as if they had discovered some top secret ! Perhaps, it gave them an idea whether the film was a long one , normal or a short one.

Ashok Kumar (13-10-1911 to 10-12-2001) the Hero of this film, always surprised me. I wonder how much energy this man must have had. If you see his Career graph,it is most unusual. I am saying this because, normally an actor is at his best Performance level when he is young. As the age increases, his level diminishes and after a certain period, he is away from the Silver screen. In case of Ashok Kumar this is very different story. See the following chart and you will realise what I mean.

Period in years Aproximate Age No. of films done in the decade
Decade 1 (1936-1940 ) 25-30 years 12 (First film- Jeevan Naiya-1936)
Decade 2 (1941-1950 ) 30-40 years 23
Decade 3 (1951-1960) 40-50 years 55
Decade 4(1961-1970) 50-60 years 62
Decade 5(1971-1980) 60-70 years 85
Decade 6 (1981-1990) 70-80 years 60
Decade 7 (1991-1997 ) 81-86 years 13 (Last film- Aankhon mein tum ho-1997)

From 1936 to 1997 he acted in 310 films. That is a very long journey in films, of 61 years ! His first Heroine-Devikarani- was born in 1908 and the Heroine of his last film- Suman Ranganathan was born in 1974 ! He worked with Heroines from 4 generations (a film generation is counted as 15 years). Ashok Kumar ,in his career, paired with Devika Rani-she was 3 years elder to him in age- in 8 films, with Nalini Jayawant in 11 films and with Nirupa Roy in 21 films in 33 years’ period-from Bhai Bhai-56 to Dana Pani-89.

He had to sing his own songs. By that time the system of Playback had started, but actor singing his/her own songs also continued for some time. He sang 77 songs in 25 films. Effectively, his singing was halted by Mohd. Rafi, when he sang for Ashok Kumar in the film Saajan-47- a duet with Lalita Deulkar ( Humko tumhara hi aasra). After this Ashok Kumar sang one song each in film Chalti ka naam Gaadi-58, Aashirvad-68, Kangan-72, Khoobsurat-80 and finally in Shaukeen-82.

Look at his energy level in the above chart. As he grew up in age, his demand increased, he worked in more and more films till he was 86 year old. He was simply unique in this respect. May be Amitabh Bachhan is a match to him or even better than him because nowadays more films are made than before. I hope some contributor does this comparison in the same way.

When Ashok kumar started acting, he had a great problem. He did not know what to do with his hands. in all his early films, you will find him acting very awkwardly, because of this problem. When he acted in film Anjaan-41, this problem was solved. In this film he did a Doctor’s role, who is accused of a murder- which he did not commit. He had to be a detective to collect proof of his innocence and argue in the court also. During this period, he started smoking cigarettes and his ‘Hand’ problem was solved once for all. After this film, Ashok Kumar and his smoking became inseparable in every film ! (and also in private life) .

Ashok Kumar was one of those actors who did Natural acting in their films. Initially, that was not so, but after solving his ‘Hand’ problem in film Anjaan-41, he was one of the best such actor. Motilal, Sanjeev Kumar, Amol Palekar, Farooq Shaikh and Paresh Raval are some other names that came to my mind in this category.

For actress Smriti Biswas, film Daaka-59 was her last film. She quit films and married actor, director, producer and studio owner S D Narang.

Actress Smriti Biswas was born on 17-2-1932, in Calcutta in a middle class family. She was educated at home and she worked as child star in Bangla films, Sandhya and Dwandwa in the 1930s.

Hoping to make a better career, she shifted to Lahore. Here Pancholi studio gave her a break with the film Dhamkee-45. The film shooting started in 1943, but it was released in 1945. She got Raagini-45 in the same year. Its Director was Shanker Mehta. Two more of her films, viz Nek Dil-48 and Roop rekha-48 were also released there.

After Partition she returned to Calcutta. S.D.Narang, actor, producer and director also shifted to Calcutta along with her. He established his own Bengal National Studio and made Bangla and Hindi films with Smriti. Their ‘Ek Aurat’-48 was quite popular.

New Theatres cast Smriti in their film “Pehla Aadmi”-50 based on the story of Subhash Chandra Bose. It was directed by Bimal Roy. Both Smriti and Narang came down to Bombay. In the decade of 1950’s, she did about 21 films there. Daaka-59 was her last film. In 1960, she married S.D.Narang and retied from films, though she was still in demand. She has 2 sons. S.D.Narang died on 25-1-1986. She is in her 80s but enjoys life with family and friends.

Smriti Biswas did only about 27 films in her career, but her vivacious looks, sweet face and speaking style still reminds us of her roles.

Some of her more well known films are, Arab ka Saudagar-56, Bhai saheb-54, Lakhon mein ek-55, Samsheer-53, Aab e Hayat-55, Hum Safar-53 (opposite Dev Anand), Dilli ka Thug-58, Teen batti chaar Rasta-53, Baap re Baap-55 and Bhagam Bhag-56.

Recently I saw an article in Maharashtra Times of 14-4-2017. It was mentioned that She was living in a barely 500 square feet flat in Nashik, along with her two grown up, unmarried sons. All the property, Gold and money left by S D Narang was looted by other relatives and Smriti finds it difficult to pull on.

The Heroine of this film Nirupa Roy was a very unconventional actress of Hindi films. Her repertoire of roles was so varied that she could not be stamped with any one type of roles.

Nirupa Roy (4-1-1931 to 13-10-2004) was an enigma of Hindi Cinema. She has been a Heroine in 110 films,a mother in over 50 films,has been a Goddess in 50 Mythological films, a suffering wife in over 30 films and a Stunt girl in about 10 films.( I remember our Raja ji once said that it was difficult to imagine Nirupa Roy in any other dress than a Saree.) She sang Bhajans,romantic songs,Comedy songs,qawalis,sad songs and peasant folk songs on the screen.

She changed her Heroes like “Badalate huwe saathi”. She did 18 films with Trilok Kapoor ( 50-65), 12 films with Balraj Sahni ( 53-72), 16 films with P.Jairaj ( 53-78), and 21 films with Ashok Kumar ( 56-89). She was Amitabh’s mother in 12 films and a stunt Girl in 8 films. She even wrote a popular film song for film Samrat Chandragupta-58 ( Mujhe dekh chaand sharmaye – Lata).

Today’s song is a sweet duet of Lata and Hemant Kumar. Listening to some of their duets is a divine experience. Some of their duets like “yaad kiya dilne kahan ho tum”, “ye raat ye chandni phir kahan”, “gupchup gupchup pyar karen”, and ” Sanware salone aaye din bahar ke ” are some of the songs they made immortal in HFM. Lata’s voice never sounded sweeter with any other singer.

Today’s song is not as well known as the songs mentioned above, nevertheless this song has the hallmark of a Lata-Hemant Kumar duet song. It is a song that is best heard at night time- a “chhaayaageet” category song.


Song- Chaand ne kuchh kaha taaron ne kuchh suna (Daakaa)(1959) Singers- Hemant Kumar, Lata Mangeshkar, Lyrics- Prem Dhawan, MD- Chitragupta
Both

Lyrics

chaand ne kuchh kaha
taaron ne kuchh suna
baat hi baat mein jaane kya ho gaya
aankhen jhuk jhuk gayin
dhadkanen ruk gayin
kya bataaun mera dil kahaan kho gaya

chaand ne kuchh kaha taaron ne kuch suna
baat hi baat mein jaane kya ho gaya

hum to khud se hi nazren churaane lage
jaane kya soch kar muskuraane lage
hum to khud se hi nazren churaane lage
jaane kya soch kar muskuraane lage

ab to dil na kisi bhi bahaane lage
baat hi baat mein jaane kya ho gaya
aankhen jhuk jhuk gayin dhadkanen ruk gayin
kya bataaun mera dil kahaan kho gaya

raat aayi hai zulfen sanwaare huye
aankhon aankhon mein kya kya ishaare huye
raat aayi hai zulfen sanwaare huye
aankhon aankhon mein kya kya ishaare huye
bas hai itni khabar
hum tumhaare huye
baat hi baat mein jaane kya ho gaya

chaand ne kuchh kaha
taaron ne kuchh suna
baat hi baat mein jaane kya ho gaya

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4106 Post No. : 15257

Today’s song is from the film Gokul ka Chor-1959. My last post was from film Gokul ka Raja-54. Its now time to get out of Gokul Town – after this post. Not that there are no more films on Gokul. There are still 2 more films with same title ” Gokul”, one of 1946 and the other of 1985. I always wondered why there were no films on Mathura or Vrindavan… two more places closely connected to Krishna. As far as Dwarka is concerned, there is a sole film ” Dwarkadheesh”, made in 1956.

During my school days, we boys always used to have 2 groups, one each who like Ram and Krishna. In our school annual functions,in the debating contest, boys from each group vehemently and enthusiastically spoke about their Group God – Ram or Krishna. From the young age itself, personally, I always adored Krishna. In my opinion, Krishna is more relevant in Kaliyug.

There were 4 Yugs
1. Satyug – 17,28,000 years
2. Tretayug – 12,96,000 years
3. Dwaparyug – 8,64,000 years
4. Kaliyug – 4,32,000 years

Shri Ram was the 7th incarnation (Avtar) of Lord Vishnu and he was born in the middle of Tretayug.
Krishna was the 8th Avatar and was born in the end part of the Dwaparyug.
The 4th yug is Kaliyug in which we are living.

Shri Ram ruled for 11000 years. He existed 1.75 million years ago.

Shri Krishna ruled for 125 years and died just one month before Dwaparyug ended and Kaliyug started. That is only 5122 years BCE, before Today. So mathematically also Krishna was closer to Kaliyug of today.

Shri Ram presented an ideal to follow Raj-Dharma, and all rules, regulations, Laws and Social Norms, irrespective of the sufferings. During his times, Praja used to follow the King. That is why there was a Ram Rajya, where ultimately the Evil paid for its misdeeds.

In Shri Krishna’s times, the world had changed and Krishna taught us how to live in today’s Yug, by Tit for Tat, not tolerating injustice, being street smart, using Chanakya type Neetis to achieve Goals. He provided lessons through his own behaviour, how to survive and be successful with Tact and Intelligence, how Karma is more important than Dharma, when it come to destroying the Evil. The whole Bhagwadgeeta is full of worldly advise.
That is why I feel Krishna is more relevant in today’s times. Ram is respected, Krishna is loved.

So much for the Ram and Krishna philosophies. Anyway, To Each His Own. I only expressed my views.
Interestingly, at a cursory count, I find that out of films on Ram (Ramayan and related) and Krishna (Mahabharat and related), 70% films are on Krishna and 30% films are on Ram. Even the film makers seem to consider Krishna as a better entertainer !

Now, coming to today’s film Gokul ka chor-59, it was made by Roopvani films for producer Sharad Pai. He was the son of Baburao Pai, one of the leading Film Distributors of yore and a partner of Prabhat Films. He joined after Keshavrao Dhaiber had to leave Prabhat, because he married the company Heroine Nalini Tarkhad, breaking the directorial agreement rule. For the same reason, V.Shantaram had also to leave Prabhat when he married Jayashree kamulkar, another Prabhat Heroine. But , funnily, S.Fattelal escaped this rule, because he had married Gulab aka Kamlabai, Prabhat Heroine of the Silent Era, before this rule was formulated ! (This Gulab aka Kamlabai is in the Prabhat Logo)

This film was directed by Vasant Painter and the music was by Sudhir Phadke. Information in details about Sudhir Phadke is already given by Sudhir ji, few years back and by me recently, so I will not repeat it.

However, Vasant Painter is a name not known to many Hindi film watchers.

Vasant Anandrao Painter was born in a village near Kolhapur on 13-8- 1913. His father Anandrao, along with cousin Baburao Painter wanted to make films. Anandrao had bought a second hand Projector, which he turned into a Camera and shot a short film also. Unfortunately, Anandrao Mistry aka Anandrao Painter died suddenly in 1916 and Baburao Painter went on to become the famous founder of Marathi films in the Silent Era.

By the time Vasant became 20 year old,the Silent film era was in full swing and many films were made in Kolhapur,Poona and Bombay.He had a liking for painting,so he picked up poster painting work,first in Maharashtra Film company and later in Prabhat film company when it was started in Kolhapur. He did all jobs,including assisting in cinematography and direction.

His first break came when he was 33 year old. He got an opportunity to direct Prabhat’s film ” Gokul”-46 and later on “Seedha Raasta”-47. After V.Shantaram had left Prabhat to start his own Rajkamal, Vasant Painter remained in Prabhat loyally, so he got the reward. Actress Kamala Kotnis had floated a production company,Kamala Chitra Ltd. She invited Painter to direct her film,’Sati Ahilya’-49. Snehal Bhatkar was the MD. Painter directed ‘ Bhishma Pratignya ‘-1950. This was,probably,the only Mythological film Nargis had acted in, with Shahu Modak. His other films were,Murliwala-51, Devyani-52, Sajni-56, Patit paawan-55, Gokul ka chor-59, Pyar ki jeet-62 and Dagaa-77. Meanwhile he was producing and directing several Marathi films too. He had won 9 awards,including the prestigious ” V.Shantaram Award”.

Vasant Painter died on 31-5-2006, leaving behind him 6 daughters and 1 son.

The cast of the film consisted of Kumkum. Romi, Manorama, Mohan Choti (real name Mohan Gorakshkar from Amaravati, Maharashtra) Ratnamala, Vasantrao Pehelwan, Madhav Kale, Madhu Apte, Polson etc.etc.

In any star cast of any film, after the names of main and known actors, there will be a line of names of actors who are not familiar and they can not be identified in the film, except by a few handful such experts. Information on these actors is neither collected nor compiled, leave alone their Bios being available. They are just names in the list. One such name in this list is Madhav Kale.

Madhav Kale was born in Nashik in 1903. After his school education at Nashik, he joined Deccan college at Poona and passed Intermediate course. He was interested in playing in dramas, which was opposed by his mother. But he used to take part in dramas while in college. He was a good singer too. Wanting to join films, he sent applications to many companies. Saroj and sharda companies responded. He acted in several silent films like Mukti sangram, Kanak kesari etc. He entered the Talkie films with Vikram Charitra-32, Mera Imaan-34 and Vishnu Bhakti-34. During this period, he got married in 1934.

He acted in 21 films. His last film was Gokul ka chor-59 (today’s film). He even directed one film, Sacha Sapna-42. He sang 13 songs in 7 films till 1942.

There is no information about him after this.

Another name in the cast is of Madhu Apte. His full name was Madhukar Shankar Apte. He was a Marathi stage and film actor predominantly, who successfully used his handicap of stammering to advantage, in delivering dialogues and creating humour by mistiming the dialogues. He was born on 1-3-1919 at Poona and died on 25-2-1993 at Poona.

Today’s song is sung by Sudha Malhotra and chorus. This is perhaps the first time I am presenting a song of Sudha Malhotra. Whenever her name comes up I remember her popular bhajan, ” Darshan do Ghanshyam nath more, aankhiyan pyaasi re”. I also remember that she is one of those few cine artistes, who try to hide that their debut in the films is through a non-descript film and who insists that a leading Music Director was responsible to launch her in films.

Sudha Malhotra first sang few songs in film “The Last message ( Aakhri paigham)”-1949, under MDs Abid Hussain Khan and Sushant Bannerji. However, in every interview, she has insisted that she debuted in film Arzoo-50 under Anil Biswas. The facts are available in HFGK for anyone to see.

(Some information for this post is taken, with thanks, from The Premier of Hinduism by D S Sarma, Marathi Cinema in Retrospect by Sanjit Narvekar and The Lost Treasure by Kamlakar P.)


Song-Aaya ri kaun sakhi apni nagariya (Gokul Ka Chor)(1959) Singer- Sudha Malhotra, Lyrics- Madhukar Rajasthani, MD- Sudhir Phadke
Chorus

Lyrics

Aaya ri kaun sakhi apni nagariya
apni nagariya
apni nagariya
praanon mein baaj rahi
meethhi baansuriya
meethhi baansuriya
meethhi baansuriya
padte hi paanv sakhi
dharti pe salone
chhalki umang bhari
man ki gagariya
man ki gagariya
o o o o
jeewan ke angna
aasha ka jhoolna
jhoole hain krishn kanhaai
jhoole hain krishn kanhaai
jeewan ke angna
aasha ka jhoolna
jhoole hain krishn kanhaai
jhoole hain krishn kanhaai
baanto badhaai
baanto
baanto badhaai
aaye krishn kanhaai
aaye krishn kanhaai
hohohohohohoho

sooraj ka tej laaya nainon mein bhar ke
sudh budh dev bhoole dekho tadke
maaya hansi ?? koi naya roop dharke
mukh par chaand khila nandkumar ke
dukh se ubaarne
dharti sanwaarne
jyoti nayi jagmagaayi
jhoole hain krishan kanhaayi
jeewan ke angnaa asha ka jhoolna
jhoole hain krishn kanhaayi
jhoole hain krishn kanhaayi
baanto badhaayi
baanto
baanto badhayi
aaye krishn kanhaayi
aaye krishn kanhaayi
ho ho
hohohohoho

baadal ka rang liye
paaras ka tan hai
bali bali jaaye sakhi
baanka man hai

gyaani ka gyaan laayi paawan kiran hai
bade bade jhoomen sakhi
ye to rain hai

jyoti ye karm ka
deepak hai dharm ka
vedon ki hai ye sachchaai
jhoole hain krishn kanhaayi
baanto badhaayi
baanto
baanto badhaayi
aaye krishn kanhaayi
aaye krishn kanhaayi
ho ho
hohohohoho


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4105 Post No. : 15256

“Shole”(1953) was directed by B R Chopra for Hira Films. The movie had had Ashok Kumar, Bina Rai, Purnima, Jeevan, Mohana, Manmohan Krishna, Mirza Musharaf, Romi, Naaz, Uma Dutt etc in it.

The movie had eight songs in it, including two multiple version songs.

Seven songs from the movie have been covered in the past.

Here is the list of the songs of the movie that have been covered in the past:

S N Song Song number in blog Date of posting
1 Mera dil kabhi roye kabhi gaaye re MD-Dhaniram 2216 4-Dec-09
2 Anokhaa jaadoogar Bhagwaan Multiple version song MD-Dhaniram 3519 13-Feb-11
3 Nigaahen mila MD-Dhaniram 9527 5-Mar-14
4 Ghadi ghadi bhar jiya bekaraar ho…aaja gali baalma MD-Dhaniram 14706 20-Oct-18
4 Ae dil tu kahin le chal Multiple version song MD-Nareshwar Bhattcharji 15189 27-Aug-19

Here is the eighth and final song from “Shole”(1953) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Geeta Dutt. Majrooh Sultanpuri is the lyricist. It is the only song in the movie penned by Majrooh Sultanpuri. Other songs were penned by Kamil Rashid (4), Saraswati Kumar Deepak (2) and Sahir Ludhianvi (1).

Music is composed by Dhaniram.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.

I have not been able to get one (may be more) word right in the lyrics. I request our readers with keener ears to help fill in the blanks/ suggest corrections as applicable.

With this song, “Shole”(1953) joins the list of movies that have all their songs covered in the blog.


Song-Bala se hasraten mit jaayen (Shole)(1953) Singer-Geeta Dutt, Lyrics-Majrooh Sultanpuri, MD-Dhaniram

Lyrics

bala se hasraten mit jaayen
dil barbaad ho jaaye
hamen manzoor hai sab kuchh
jo tu aabaad ho jaaye

jo chaahe sahenge door se gham
ab yoon hi pyaar nibhaayenge hum
ab yoon hi pyaar nibhaayenge hum
kismat ne dhaaya hai wo sitam
tujhe paa ke bhi chain na aayenge hum
ab yoon hi pyaar nibhaayenge hum
jo chaahe sahenge door se gham

khush hoke hamen karen dil se juda
khush hoke hamen karen dil se juda
ye bhi to hai ik andaaz e wafa
ye bhi to hai ik andaaz e wafa
samjhenge muhabbat ka ??
tujhe kis roz yaad na aayenge hum
ab yoon hi pyaar nibhaayenge hum
jo chaahe sahenge door se gham

ujdi hui is mehfil ki qasam
toote huye saaz e dil ki qasam
jinse ?? dhadkan jaag uthhe
ab aise bhi geet na gaayenge ham
ab yoon hi pyaar nibhaayenge hum
jo chaahe sahenge door se gham


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4104 Post No. : 15255 Movie Count :

4192

Today’s song is from film ‘Gokul Ka Raja’ (1954). This is the first song of this film to be discussed here. I am surprised how this film was not featured on the blog so far, because songs of this film have been on You Tube for quite some time. May be, because the entire team of this mythological film was from Marathi film industry and the names of producer, director, MD, or the cast were not familiar to the most people. It is because this was a bilingual film, made first in Marathi as ‘Gokulcha Raja’ (गोकुळचा राजा) way back in 1950 and the Hindi version was released only in 1954.

Made by Yashodhan Chitra, Bombay for producers Nana Bapat and Haribhau Guruji, the film was directed by a well known Marathi Director – Bal Gajbar. He had earlier directed another bilingual Hindi-Marathi film ‘Sandesh’ (1952) and before that yet another bilingual ‘Mere Laal’ (1948) (माझं बाळ in Marathi). Bal Gajbar had directed few Kannada films too, like ‘Vichitra Prapancha’ (1955). Before becoming a director, he was an art director with V Shantaram’s Rajkamal Kala Mandir.

All songs of the film were written by YN Joshi. The Music Director was Shridhar Parsekar – a name very few people will remember. I wrote about him first time in my series “Less Known Composers”, on 17-12-2012, seven years ago. Not much was known about him then. In January 2017, Sadanand Kamath ji wrote on him. In last nearly 3 years, some new information has become available on him, so his bio data is now updated further. As the new sources give new information, the history keeps on updating itself. This is a regular process of nature.

Hindi film music is like an ocean. As many rivers merge into the ocean at various stages, regional music from various parts of India is assimilated in HFM (Hindi Film Music).

Initially it was the Marathi stage/natya sangeet and Parsee Theatre which influenced HFM. In the East, it was Robindra Sangeet and Nazrul Geeti made the basis of film songs. In the Lahore centre it was the Punjabi style after ‘Khazanchi’ (1941).

After Partition and polarisation of film production language wise, it was BOMBAY, which became the centre for HFM and it was a wonderful mixture of music specialties from all over the country. There were many successful Music Directors in India. I remember a famous quotation – “Behind every successful man there is a woman.”

Can you tell me,who is behind every successful Music Director ? I am sure many of us do not have the answer.

The answer is THE ARRANGER.

Now, who is this arranger? Some have a vague idea, some may even think, he is the person who arranges song recordings and the musicians.

An arranger is the SOUL of film music. Once the composer conceives the tune for a song, he tells it to the arranger, who immediately makes its notations (writing music or Swar Lipi), which a properly schooled musician can read and play. Arranger also decides the instruments and their placements in the song. Most of the arrangers in the Film Industry were from Goa, where traditionally Jazz music was very popular.

A typical Goan likes to live life – ‘sushegaat’– which loosely means ‘araam se‘ or a carefree life. Their philosophy is eat, drink and be merry. This merry part includes Music.

Goa has given many musicians to India. Lata/Asha are  from Mangeshi – Goa, though the family had shifted to Kolhapur, MDs Dattaram (Wadkar) and N Datta (Datta Naik), Singers Kishori Amonkar, Kesarbai Kerkar, Shobha Mudgal, Hema Sardesai, Prabhakar Karekar, Remo Fernandez, Lorna are from Goa. (The list is only indicative, not exhaustive).

Most Arrangers were from Goa —-

Anthony Gonsalves from Majorda, Goa. He worked for Naushad,OP Nayyar and LP. The famous song “My Name Is Anthony Gonsalves” is a tribute by LP to him. He had taught Pyaarelal so many things including notations.

Chic Chocolate aka Anthony Vaz from Aldona, Goa. He worked for C Ramchandra mainly.

Chris Perry worked for Khayyam, RD Burman, Kalyanji Anandji, and Laxmikant Pyaarelal.

Frank Fernando – Anil Biswas, Kishore Kumar, Roshan, C Ramchandra.

Sebastian D’Souza from Bicholim, Goa – worked for Shanker Jaikishen from 1952 to 1975, and also OP Nayyar.

Most of the players of western instruments in the orchestras were from Goa.

From this crop of musicians from Goa, there was one outstanding musician – SHRIDHAR PARSEKAR, who was a singer, a famous violin player, composer of many Marathi songs/films/dramas and few Hindi films. He was an expert in playing almost 10 different instruments.

SHRIDHAR PARSEKAR was born in 1920 in Goa. From the childhood he was a lover of music and learnt classical music, first from his uncle Parshuram Buwa Parsekar and he was trained by him in playing various instruments like harmonium, jaltarang, tabla and violin. He was a disciple of Gajanan Buwa Joshi a noted musician. He operated a vand in Bardez, Goa and played violin, clarinet, harmonium and many other instruments. He was a genius and soon became famous for playing violin.

He came to Bombay and continued learning music here under many well known gurus, like Khadeem Hussain Khan, Natthan Khan and Anwar Hussain. Soon he was performing in stage shows doing jugalbandis with stars of the day like Ravi Shanker, Vilayat Khan and Akbar Ali Khan. Kishen Maharaj was very pleased with him. For some time he joined AIR Bombay as a musician and got friendly with Ustad Alla Rakha who also worked in AIR. RG Ramnathkar, who got him the AIR job, also taught him many Raaga/Raaginis. Parsekar worked at AIR for 6 years.

Later he worked as asst. to Music Director Annasaheb Mainkar and then started as MD for Marathi Films and stage dramas. His music in dramas like ‘Bhakta Damaji’, ‘Paisa Bolto Ahe’, ‘Kuber’ and ‘Kanyadaan’ was very popular. He also recorded many bhavgeets and natyageets from reputed singers in Marathi. HMV and Odeon published his records. Singers like Jyotsna Bhole, Saraswati Rane, Hirabai Badodekar, Vatsala Kumthekar and Master Krishnarao Chonkar also sang for him. One of his songs- “Vithal Vithal Gajari, Awaghi Dum Dumali Pandhari” ( “विठ्ठल विठ्ठल गजरी, अवघी दुमदुमली पंढरी” ) from ‘Bhakta Damaji’ is so popular that it is sold even today.

With Marathi films, recording of private songs, stage shows with prominent musicians, Shridhar had every happiness with him. He had a bungalow, cars, bank balance, name, fame and plenty of demand. He wrote a book on music – ‘Swar Ninad‘.

And then it happened !

He became an alcoholic. Normally, a person becomes alcoholic when he is unsuccessful. But this was an opposite case. While on the top of success he became an alcoholic. He used to drink day and night.

Once there was a jugalbandi programme with Ustad Vilayat Khan. Shridhar came fully drunk to the theatre. Vilayat Khan scolded him and left the show. Such things kept on happening, leading to his downfall. He stopped getting work and all his wealth, house, cars etc. was sold for liquor. His condition was such that he would play violin on streets and earn money. Lata Mangeshkar has narrated an incident, which I read in a book ‘From Noorjehan to Lata’ by Isak Mujawar. The book says…

“One day Lata’s car stopped in the traffic. Out of curiosity she peeped out to see what happened. There was a person in tattered clothes playing a violin beautifully and people had gathered to listen to him. Some people gave him alms. She asked the driver if he knew that person. The driver replied that it was Parsekar Buwa. She got down, went to Parsekar and told him to come with her. She will look after him now. On this, Parsekar replied that her father had asked him to look after their family, which he could not do, so why should she look after him. If she wanted to help, just give some money. She gave him 50 rupees and he almost ran away from there – probably to the wine shop !“

Finally Shridhar Parsekar died of liver cirrhosis on 10-9-1964 !  He was only 44 years old !!  Such a brilliant artist wasted by alcohol. So sad ! Pt Ravi Shankar and Vilayat Khan had personally met his family after his death, so much was the respect for his talent !!

In addition to 7 Marathi films, Shridhar Parsekar gave music to five Hindi films – ‘Nagad Narayan’ (1943), ‘Mahakavi Kalidas’ (1944), ‘Meri Amanat’ (1947), ‘Andhon Ka Sahara’ (1948) and ‘Gokul Ka Raja’ (1954). He composed 45 songs in these films. He sang 5 songs in 2 films, ‘Andhon Ka Sahara’ and ‘Gokul Ka Raja. Many famous singers sang for him, like, Minakshi, Khan Mastana, Rajkumari, Master Krishnarao, Mohantara, Vinodini Dikshit etc.

(Information from these sources also used herein- Marathi Chitrapat Sangeetkar Kosh, Marathi Cinema in Retrospect by Sanjit Narwekar, Purvasurinche Soor by Dr. Suresh Chandvankar and the book ‘Kalatmak Gomantak’ – Kala Academy, Panji – 1972) .

The cast of the film consisted of Dwarakanath, Ratnamala, Chandrakant, Gauri, Hanumanta, Angre etc.

I do not know anything about actor Dwarakanath. Never heard of his name before or after this film ever. Actor Chandrakant was Chandrakant Mandhare (real name Gopal) – the elder brother of the more popular brother Suryakant. These two brothers ruled the Marathi cinema from the late 40s to the 60s.

Gauri was originally Tanibai Dawari, who was active in Prabhat from the silent era. She became famous because of her role of Awali – the shrew wife of Sant Tukaram in that film in 1936. I have recently written in details about her, only last month. As far as the heroine Ratnamala is concerned, how many of us really know anything about this actress. It is surprising that a very lovely and beautiful actress, who was heroine of about 20 films in the 40s and has about 300 films to her credit, remains practically unknown. She was the heroine with Saraswati Cinetone, Prabhat Film Company, Sagar, Ranjit, Prakash Pictures etc. – all well known banners. She was in films for 50+ years and was a famous name in Marathi films of Dada Kondke.

Its a great pity that hardly any or no information about her is available in books, encyclopedias, wiki or on internet. When all sources of information come to a dead end, I turn to Harish Raghuwanshi ji of Surat and I am never disappointed. Here, I provide a short bio-data of Ratnamala, based principally on the articles given by Harish ji. Thanks, Harish ji.

She was born as Kamal Bhivandkar on 22-6-1923 in Bombay. Her father was Auditor of Central Bank, Bombay. She was good looking and could sing well. From the age of 14 years, she went on the stage of several Ganesh Melas prevalent in those times. She earned 5-10 rupees per performance. Due to family’s financial problems, she started looking for work. She was proficient in Marathi, Gujarati, English and Urdu languages. In 1938, she was picked up by Dada Torne of Sarswati Cinetone, Poona, who cast her as Heroine in Marathi film ‘Bhagwa Zenda’. Seeing her performance, she was taken by Prabhat Film Company for the Marathi version of their film ‘Das Baje’ (1942). Torne had renamed her as Ratnamala.

Vijay Bhatt of Prakash Pictures offered her a role in film ‘Bharat Milap’ (1942), when Kusum Deshpande selected for the role of Bharat’s wife fell ill. Seeing her performance, she was selected as a heroine for film ‘Station Master’ (1942). Here too the original heroine Jyoti fell ill. Then came ‘Panghat’ (1943), ‘Police’ (1944), ‘Kavita’ (1944) etc. She acted in many mythological films also. Some of her well known films were ‘Dholak’, ‘Maya Bazaar’, ‘Sasural’, ‘Bhabhi Ki Chudiyan’, ‘Faulad’, ‘Woh kaun thi’, ‘Nishaan’, ‘Bahu Beti’, ‘Mera Saayaa’, ‘Raaz’, ‘Saraswati Chandra’, ‘Brahmachari’, ‘Upahaar’, ‘Seeta aur Geeta’, ‘Nastik’ etc.

She acted in 130 Hindi films and many more Marathi films. Later she did side roles. She became famous as mother of Dada Kondke in 11 of his films. She was called ‘Aaye’ (आये )  in the Marathi films of Kondke.

Ratnamala was married to Raja Pandir, producer director of Marathi films, when she was very young. As Ratnamala became successful and Raja became a failure, their marriage came on rocks. She had one son – Jaikumar, who had also acted in one film. Unfortunately, he died suddenly in an accident. Ratnamala lived in her own bungalow in Andheri, Bombay, along with her foster son – Ramesh. Ratnamala died of heart attack on 23rd January 1989.

Today’s song is the first song sung by Shridhar Parsekar that is being presented. One can easily make out from his clear voice, impeccable pronunciations and the classical singing style that the singer is trained in classical music and is a knowledgeable person. With this song the film ‘Gokul Ka Raja’ and singer Shridhar Parsekar are making their debut on this Blog.

Song – Mangal Prabhat Jaage Surya Kiran Sang (Gokul Ka Raja) (1954) Singer – Sridhar Parsekar, Lyrics – YN Joshi, MD – Sridhar Parsekar

Lyrics

jaa..aa..aa..aage ae ae ae
jaage ae ae ae

jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
surya kiran sang
gokul mein rang
surya kiran sang
gokul mein rang
navjeevan anuraage
jaage
navjeevan anuraage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage

go dhan amrit varsha karta..aa..aa
aaaaa aaaa aaaa aaaa
go dhan amrit varsha karta
sukh saurabh gokul mein jharta
sukh saurabh gokul mein jharta
baal gopal
baal gopal charaayen gaayen
madhu murli jiya laage
laage
madhu murli jiya laage
laage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage

surya kiran sang
gokul mein rang
navjeevan anuraage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
jaa..aa..aa..aage

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

जा॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आगे ए ए ए
जागे ए ए ए

जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
सूर्य किरण संग
गोकुल में रंग
सूर्य किरण संग
गोकुल में रंग
नवजीवन अनुरागे
जागे
नवजीवन अनुरागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे

गो धन अमृत वर्षा करता॰॰आ॰॰आ
आsss आsss आsss आsss
गो धन अमृत वर्षा करता
सुख सौरभ गोकुल में झरता
सुख सौरभ गोकुल में झरता
बाल गोपाल
बाल गोपाल चराएं गाएँ
मधु मुरली जिया लागे
लागे
मधु मुरली जिया लागे
लागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे

सूर्य किरण संग
गोकुल में रंग
नवजीवन अनुरागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे

जा॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आगे


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4096 Post No. : 15242

“Bade Bhaiyya”(1951) was directed by Aspi Irani for Super Pictures, Bombay. This “social” movie had Nirupa Roy, Suresh, Agha, Husnbanu, Naaz, Minu, Guru, Nazir Kashmiri, Neeli, Habib, Ridku, Master Vinay, Yakoob etc in it.

The Movie had eight songs in it. Four of these songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the fifth song from “Bade Bhaiyya”(1951) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by G M Durrani and Shamshad Begam. Manoharlal Khanna is the lyricist. Music is composed by Premnath (music director).

Only the audio of this lighthearted song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Maine jabse tumko dekha hai (Bade Bhaiyya)(1951) Singers-G M Durrani, Shamshad Begam, G M Durrani, Lyrics-Manoharlal Khanna, MD-Premnath
Both

Lyrics

o o o o
maine jabse tumko dekha hai
mere dil mein gudgudi
mere dil mein gudgudi hoti hai
mere dil mein gudgudi
haay gudgudi
hui gudgudi
main taare ginti rahti hoon
jab saari duniya soti hai
mere dil mein gudgudi
mere dil mein gudgugdi hoti hai
mere dil mein gudgudi
haay gudgudi
huyi gudgudi

yeh mere dil ki dhadkan hai
yeh mere dil ki dhadkan hai
ya ik dholak si bajti hai
ya koyi mendhki phudak phudak kar
phudak phudak kar
dil mein mere phudakti hai
ulfat ki bulbul
haay re
ulfat ki bulbul
chahak chahak kar
aur chulbuli chulal chulbuli hoti hai
mere dil mein
ho mere dil mein gudgudi hoti hai

jab saamne mere aate ho
nazron se nazar lad jaati hai
jab saamne mere aate ho
nazron se nazar lad jaati hai
yeh mere dil ki laalaen
kuchh maddham
kuchh maddham si pad jaati hai
yeh mere dil ki laalten
kuchh maddham si pad jaati hai
mere aramanon mein

haay re
mere armnaanon mein nayi kulbuli
kulal kulbuli hoti hai
mere dil mein
ho mere dil mein gudgudi hoti hai

meree dhundhli dhundhli raaton mein
tum aao chaand ban kar aao
meree dhundhli dhundhli raaton mein
tum aao chaand ban kar aao

tum mere dil ke bangle mein
furniture ban ke saj jaao
tum mere dil ke bangle mein
furniture ban ke saj jaao
phir ham tum samjhen haay re
kyun man mein phurphuri
phurar phurphuri hoti hai
mere dil mein jee
ho mere dil mein
gudgudi hoti hai

dheere dheere
haule haule
mere dil mein gudgudi hoti hai
mere dil mein gudgudi
haay gudgudi
huyi gudgudi


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4095 Post No. : 15241

Today, 4th October, is the 88th birthday of Sandhya Mukherjee. The grand old dame is one of the premier playback singers in Bangla cinema. In Hindi films, her contribution is limited to about 30 songs. Her involvement in Hindi films starts with the 1948 film ‘Jhoothi Kasmen’, and her singing assignments are spread over a decade and a half, till the mid 1960s.

A chance encounter with this song prompted the preparation of this post. I came across this song just a few hours ago, and listening to it was love at first hear. Such a lovely melody and arrangement, and such wonderful rendition, this song belongs to that category of unknown and hidden gems, which surprise the listener with their simplicity and beauty. I have listened to it many times since I discovered it earlier in the evening, and I do not seem to be getting enough of it.

The film is ‘Ratnadeep’ from 1952. The film is produced and directed by the legendary Debaki Kumar Bose, for the banner of Chitramaya, Calcutta. The cast of actors is listed as Anuva Gupta, Manju Dey, Molina Devi, Chhaya Devi, Tangamani, Harini, Bakul Ghosh, Abhi Bhattacharya, Pahadi Sanyal, Niteesh Mukherji, Tulsi Chakravarty, Kamal Mishra, Raj Kumar Soni, Sudheer  Chakraborty, Gokul Mukherji, and Gauri Shankar. The film is based on the Bangla novel of the same name, written by Prabhat Kumar Mukherjee.

Eight songs are listed for this film. The music director is Robin Chatterji. Two of the songs are traditional bhajans originally composed by Meerbai and Vidyapati. The remaining six songs have been written by the songwriters Pandit Madhur and Mahendra Pran. However, the lyricist for each individual song is not specifically identified.

We wish Sandhya ji a very happy 88th birthday. May she be blessed with many more years of good health and happiness.

Song – Raat Ne Aa Ke Din Ko Chooma, Saanjh Suhaani Aayi  (Ratnadeep) (1952) Singers – Sandhya Mukherji, Lyrics – [Unattributed], MD – Robin Chatterji

Lyrics

raat ne aa ke
din ko chooma
saanjh suhaani aayi aayi
saanjh suhaani aayi
saanjh suhaani aayi manwa doley
raat ne aa ke
din ko chooma
saanjh suhaani aayi

chanda karey ishaare
koi mujhe pukaare
chanda karey ishaare
kya jaanun main aaj bhala kyon
mann hi mann sharmaai
saanjh suhaani aayi aayi

baalapan ke sapne jaage
jaagi mast jawaani
haaye jaagi mast jawaani
duniya ki har ?? suhaani
?? ban karv itraai
tum ban jaao main o saajan
aawo main tum ban jaaun
ye madmaati saanjh salona
ye madmaati saanjh salona
salona sandesa laai
saanjh suhaani aayi aayi

aankhon se tum dil mein aaye
phir bhi rahe kyon praaye
phir bhi rahe kyon praaye
itna to batla do kyon tum
aaj baney harjaai
saanjh suhaani aayi aayi
saanjh suhaani aayi aayi
saanjh suhaani aayi aayi

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

रात ने आ के
दिन को चूमा
साँझ सुहानी आई आई
साँझ सुहानी आई
साँझ सुहानी आई मनवा डोले
रात ने आ के
दिन को चूमा
साँझ सुहानी आई

चंदा करे इशारे
कोई मुझे पुकारे
चंदा करे इशारे
क्या जानूँ मैं आज भला क्यों
मन ही मन शरमाई
साँझ सुहानी आई आई

बालपन के सपने जागे
जागी मस्त जवानी
हाए जागी मस्त जवानी
दुनिया की हर ?? सुहानी
?? बन कर इतराई
तुम बन जाओ मैं ओ साजन
आवो मैं तुम बन जाऊँ
ये मदमाती साँझ सलोना
ये मदमाती साँझ सलोना
सलोना सँदेसा लाई
साँझ सुहानी आई आई

आँखों से तुम दिल में आए
फिर भी रहे क्यों पराये
फिर भी रहे क्यों पराये
इतना तो बतला दो क्यों तुम
आज बने हरजाई
साँझ सुहानी आई आई
साँझ सुहानी आई आई
साँझ सुहानी आई आई

 


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4088 Post No. : 15229

“Coffee House”(1957) was produced and directed by Hari Walia for Niti Arts Productions, Bombay. This movie, whose prints are lost had Geeta Bali, Shammi Kapoor, Vijaylaxmi, Jeevan, Bhagwan, Chanchal, Kumud Tripathi, Pal Sharma, Raja Kapoor, Helen etc in it.

Two songs from this movie has been discussed in the past. Here is the tird song from “Coffee House”(1957) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Geeta Dutt. Prem Dhawan is the lyricist. Music is composed by Roshan, as mentioned earlier.

From the sounds of it, the song appears to be a club dance song/ cabarat dance song.

Only the audio of this song is available. The prints of this movie are lost. It was a fond wish to Shammi Kapoor to be able to watch this movie seeing that it also starred Geeta Bali who would later become his wife.

I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the movie as well as on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Ye hawa ye fizaa ye samaa (Coffee House)(1957) Singer-Geeta Dutt, Lyrics-Prem Dhawan, MD-Roshan

Lyrics

ye hawa
ye fiza
ye samaa
aaj hai
kis kadar haseen jahaan
shaam hai
jaam hai
saathi hai
sun hi le
dil ki sau daastaan

jhoom jhoom ke
jaam choom ke
aa dil ki mehfil mein aa
jhoom jhoom ke
jaam choom ke
aa dil ki mehfil mein aa

husn ki ye meharbaaniyaan phir kahaan
husn ki ye meharbaaniyaan phir kahaan
ishq ki rangeen kahaaniyan phir kahaan
phir kahaan ye sama
ye sama phir kahaan
aa dil ki mehfil mein
jhoom jhoom ke
jaam choom ke
aa dil ki mehfil mein aa
jhoom jhoom ke
jaam choom ke
aa dil ki mehfil mein aa

ye nigaah
ye dil ki mastiyaan
ye ada
ye nigaah
ye dil ki mastiyaan
ye ada
tez hai kuchh aaj dhadkanon ki sada
ye sada sun zara
sun zara ye sada
aa dil ki mehfil mein
jhoom jhoom ke
jaam choom ke
aa dil ki mehfil mein aa
jhoom jhoom ke
jaam choom ke
aa dil ki mehfil mein aa


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4083 Post No. : 15223

———————————————–——————————————
Blog 10-Year Challenge (2009-19) – Song No. 45
——————————————————————————————

The date today 22 september 2019. It is a sunday.

Ten years ago, this date (22 september 2009) was a working day. I was in Nagpur, Maharashtra. Despite that day being a working day, I had covered as many as eight songs on that day. Posting six or more songs in a day used to be no big deal for me.

Here are the details of the eight songs that were covered on 22 september 2009.

Song (Movie title) Year Posting time Remarks
Aandhiyaan gham ki yoon chalin (Zeenat) 1945 1:29 All Songs covered on the blog
Wo marne se nahin darte (Shama Parwaana) 1954 2:19 All Songs covered on the blog
Bahaaye chaand ne aansoo (Lagan) 1955 5:00 TWO/out of Eight songs covered
Ritu aaye ritu jaaye (Hamdard) 1953 5:38 All Songs covered on the blog
Mujh ko tum jo mil gaye (Detective) 1958 7:10 Seven/out of Eight songs covered
Idhar to haath la pyaare (Aakhri Daao) 1958 7:59 All Songs covered on the blog
Bahaaron se poochho (Mera Ghar Mere Bachche) 1960 8:11 Five/out of Nine songs covered
Dharti 1970 8:34 All Songs covered on the blog

As can be noticed, I was awake till 2:19 AM after midnight and I had already posted two songs for the day. They I went back to sleep and woke up before 5 AM. Then I posted six more songs. The eights and final song for the day was posted at 8:24 AM !

Those were the days when I could post eight songs in a day by early morning ! What productivity ! 🙂

I hardly slept those days and that did not even affect my health. My wife, whenever she would join me would make adverse comments about my tendency to sleep less. Her persistent nagging may have finally borne fruit because these days I neither keep awake that late nor do I wake up so early. And I no longer post that many songs in a day. I actually wonder now how I was that motivated one decade ago.

By contrast from ten years ago, today (22 september 2019)I have so far posted just one post.

Here is the second song from the day, when it is already evening. This song is part of the blog ten year challenge. As can be seen from the table above, four out of eight movies have been YIPPEED by now. So only the remaining movies can be taken up for this ten year challenge.

The song taken up for this challenge is from “Lagan”(1955). This movie was produced by directed by O P Dutta for O P Films, Bombay. The movie had Nalini Jaiwant, Sajjan, Shammi, Randheer, Raj Mehra, Baby Naaz, Pappu, Om Prakash, Shamlal, Ram Avtar, Baij Sharma, Pt Iqbal, Shivrj, Uma Dutt, Parshuram, Kanwar Kesho etc , with guest appearance by David.

The song under discussion is the third song out of eight songs that this movie has.

The song is sung by Asha Bhonsle. Rajinder Krishan is the lyricisr. Music is composed by Hemant Kumar.

Only the audio of this song is available. The song appears to be a lullaby song. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.

Lyrics of this song were sent to me by Avinash Scparwala.


Song-Chhaayi maayi chhaayi maayi aaja nindiya (Lagan)(1955) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Rajinder Krishan, MD-Hemant Kumar

Lyrics(Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)

Chhaayi maayi
Chhaayi maayi
Aaja nindiya
Saat suron ka leke meethhaa baaja Nindiya
Chhaayi maayi
Chhaayi maayi
Aaja nindiya
Saat suron ka leke meethhaa baaja Nindiya
Aa
Aaja nindiya

Raat bajaaye dholki
Chham chham naache taare
Sote sote ajab tamaasha
Dekhe bachche saare
Raat bajaaye dholki
Chham chham naache taare
Sote sote ajab tamaasha
Dekhe bachche saare
Ghoom ghoom ke naache
Chandaa rajaa nindiya aa aa
Saat suron ka leke meethhaa baaja Nindiya
Chhaayi maayi
Chhaayi maayi
Aaja nindiya
Saat suron ka leke meethhaa baaja nindiya
Aa
Aaja nindiya

Bani dulhaniya chaandni
Taare bane baraati
Baithe baithe khoob udaaye
Halwaa aur bataashe
Bani dulhaniya chaandni
Taare bane baraati
Baithe baithe khoob udaaye
Halwaa aur bataashe
Bani dulhaniya chaandni
Taare bane baraati
Baithe baithe khoob udaaye
Halwaa aur bataashe
Tu bhi aa ke laddu peda
Khaaja nindiya
Saat suron ka leke meethhaa baaja nindiya
Chhaayi maayi
Chhaayi maayi
Aaja nindiya
Saat suron ka leke meethhaa baaja nindiya
Chhaayi maayi
Chhaayi maayi
Aaja nindiya
Saat suron ka leke meethhaa baaja nindiya
Aa aa
Aaja nindiya
Aa aaja nindiya
Aa aaja nindiya
Aa aaja nindiya

———————————
Devnagri Script lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
———————————-
छायी माई
छायी माई
आजा निंदिया
सात सुरों का लेके मीठा बाजा निंदिया
छायी माई
छायी माई
आजा निंदिया
सात सुरों का लेके मीठा बाजा निंदिया

आजा निंदिया

रात बजाये ढोलकी
छम छम नाचे तारे
सोते सोते अजब तमाशा
देखे बच्चे सारे
रात बजाये ढोलकी
छम छम नाचे तारे
सोते सोते अजब तमाशा
देखे बच्चे सारे
घूम घूम के नाचे
चन्दा राजा निंदिया आ आ
सात सुरों का लेके मीठा बाजा निंदिया
छायी माई
छायी माई
आजा निंदिया
सात सुरों का लेके मीठा बाजा निंदिया

आजा निंदिया

बनी दुल्हनिया चांदनी
तारे बने बाराती
बैठे बैठे खूब उडाये
हलवा और बताशे
बनी दुल्हनिया चांदनी
तारे बने बाराती
बैठे बैठे खूब उडाये
हलवा और बताशे
तू भी आ के लड्डू पेडा
खाजा निंदिया
सात सुरों का लेके मीठा बाजा निंदिया
छायी माई
छायी माई
आजा निंदिया
सात सुरों का लेके मीठा बाजा निंदिया
छायी माई
छायी माई
आजा निंदिया
सात सुरों का लेके मीठा बाजा निंदिया

आजा निंदिया
आ आजा निंदिया
आ आजा निंदिया
आ आजा निंदिया


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4083 Post No. : 15222

Today’s song is from film Gharbaar-53. The film was produced by Ratilal Vora for K.Pictures, Bombay.It was directed by Marathi cinema’s famous and successful director Dinkar D. Patil. The cast of the film was Surendra, Manhar Desai, Sulochana Chaterjee, Kuldip Kaur, Shakuntala, Shammi, Baby Naaz, Paro, Kathana, Gope and others. The film’s 8 songs were written by Indivar, Kaif Irfani and D N Madhok. The music was by Vasant Prabhu.

From the beginning of Talkie films, there have been the occasional actors, directors, producers, Lyricists and Music Directors – whose contribution to the Film industry had not been more than just ONE or TWO appearances. There were countless MDs with just one film. Some of the names for your information are, Master Mohan-Pati Bhakti-32, K R Gore-Bhool ka bhog-35, S P Mukherji-Jagran-36, Govindam-Jeevan Jyoti-37, K M Pawar-Paak Daaman-40, Pratap Mukherji- kisi se na kehna-42, Dinkar Rao-Beete din-47, Mukund Masurekar-Didi-48 etc etc. The book ” Dhunon ki yatra” by Pankaj Raag lists hundreds of such names from all decades.

Composer Vasant Prabhu was also one such person who got only one film in Hindi to make songs, Not because he was not capable, but because he was busier in Marathi films and he died at a very young age.

During my early times on this Blog, I had run a series titled, “Less known composers”, 7 years ago. I had discussed songs composed by almost unknown Music Directors like Shridhar Parsekar, Pt. Motiram, Bhushan, Kamal Rajasthani etc. In this series, the last name was Vasant Prabhu’s. 7 years ago, not much information was available on him – not even his real name or dates of birth and death. In last few years, more information and details are available about him. It is always like this. History gets updated with the availability of newer evidences, proofs and documents. So, here is the newly updated information on Vasant Prabhu now….

Vasant Prabhu was born on 19-1-1924. His real name was Vyankatesh Krishnarao Prabhu. His family belonged to Panemangrul, near Mangalore in Karnataka. His father owned many hotels in Bombay. Unfortunately his father lost all 14 hotels and the rich family had to stay in a chawl in Parel.

While still a young boy, he joined the Ganesh melas and used to sing songs on stage. His voice being sweet and the style lovable, he used to get “Once More’ many times. On one such occasion he got 26 times ‘Once More’ and while singing repeatedly his throat was damaged.

While still young,he learnt Kathak dancing and classical music. His elder brother acted in films. He too did child roles. This is when he became Vasant from Vyankatesh. He was a tall,handsome and well built young man.He wanted to become an Actor,so he went to kolhapur, then to Poona and finally landed in Bombay.

Here he did not get any actor’s role,but he joined HMV as a Music composer. Vasant kamerkar who also worked in HMV, helped him to get the job. While here, he started composing Marathi Bhavgeets. Vasant Prabhu, Lata Mangeshkar and Lyricist P.Savalaram ( Savlaram Patil) created many iconic Marathi songs from 1948 to 1965.

His first song was sung by Lata ji,” Ganga yamuna dolyat ubhya kaa…” (गंगा यमुना डोळ्यात उभ्या का) in 1949.This song became so famous overnight that after more than 70 years,even today, it is played on AIR and in almost every Marathi marriage in Maharashtra, by the Band.This is a song of Bidaai, sung so soulfully and the wordings are so meaningful that sensitive women start weeping listening to this song.

While at HMV, Vasant Prabhu also composed some NFS for Lata ji and Geeta Dutt in Hindi. One of Geeta ji’s songs,”Jamuna ke teer kanha aao” is extremely popular with Geeta lovers. ( There is a controversy about Nikhil Ghosh composing this bhajan. The references are divided. It is possible that Vasant Prabhu provided the tune,as he was already in HMV)

Vasant Prabhu’s name is written in Gold for the Marathi Bhavgeets that he composed with Lata and P.Savalaram. The 50’s decade was famous for their songs. In all 110 Bhavgeets were composed by Vasant Prabhu.

Vasant started his film career with Marathi film ‘Ram Ram pavhana’-1950, along with Lata Mangeshkar, choreographing few dances and composing its music too. From 1950 to 1968 he gave music to 22 Marathi films and 5 stage dramas, while doing private albums also.

He was the MD for most Marathi films produced by Lata ji’s ‘Surel Chitra Production company’. In film ” Vaadal” he composed a Thumari in such a wonderful manner that when this film was released in Nagpur the Audience wanted to listen to the Thumari again and again,and threatened to burn the theatre if not done so.Finally that Thumari was shown 5 times that day !

In another film,’Taaraka’, he made actress Sulochana Latkar do an item number in the film.Probably she danced the Item number first and last time in her life.

Singers like Phiroz Dastoor and Talat Mehmood also sang for his Marathi films.

In 1953 he did his only Hindi film “GHARBAAR”-53. There were 8 songs in the films sung by Rajkumari, Lata, Asha,Talat Mehmood and Surendra.

Vasant Prabhu was very honest,punctual,straight forward,disciplined and hot tempered.He never went to anyone to ask for work. Of course work always came to him.He used to compose his tunes lying down in his balcony.

Unfortunately, he got addicted to alcohol in young age and died on 13-10-1967. He was just 43 years old that time.

(Thanks to Madhu Potdar’s biography of Vasant Prabhu-“Manasicha chitrakar” ( मानसीचा चित्रकार ), the Marathi chitrapat Sangeetkar kosh and article by Sulabha Ternikar. )

Similarly, another actress in the cast – Shakuntala was also different than many others of her ilk, i.e. those who started as a child artiste. Right from beginning of the films,child artistes were required to do roles in the films. In the initial stages and also in later periods too, girls used to do Boys’ roles ( but never heard of vice versa ! ). We have the famous examples of Honey and Daisy Irani sisters. Many child stars acted in films till they became older or were not suitable for child roles. One such example was Junior Mehmood. It was quite natural that most of them wanted to continue acting in films as an adult too and many tried to become hero/ heroines. Unfortunately, only some of them could shine as heroes or heroines, while most child stars failed as adult Hero/Heroines.

Successful child artistes are few like Meena Kumari, Madhubala,Nargis, Shashi kapoor, Sachin etc, but you can count them on fingers, whereas the list of unsuccessful child artistes who tried to become adult Hero/Heroines is quite long.

Unlike Baby Tabassum, who could not become a successful adult Heroine in good films, there was another ‘Baby’ who became quite successful as an adult Heroine opposite well known actors under famous banners and left halfway due to her marriage. Her name is BABY SHAKUNTALA. She worked with well known actors like Kishore kumar, Bharat Bhooshan, Karan Dewan, Amarnath, Anant Marathe, Master Bhagwan, Abhi bhattachrya etc. She was also lucky to have worked under ace directors like V.Shantaram, Bimal Roy,Homi Wadia, kishore Sahu, Raja Nene, Gajanan Jahagirdar,Shahid Lateef etc. Born on 17-11-1932, she recently – 4 years ago – died on 18-1-2015 at Kolhapur.

The director of this film Dinkar D Patil was also one of those mentioned above, who visited Hindi films just for one or two films. He directed 2 Hindi films, but he was a very big name in Marathi cinema and a winner of Phalke award also.

Dinkar D. Patil (1915–2005) was a prominent Marathi film director, scriptwriter, and dialogue writer during the Golden Era (1950–1990) of the Marathi Film Industry. He directed, wrote scripts and dialogue for more than 60 Marathi films. He also directed two Hindi Films-Mandir-48 and Gharbar-53. He wrote his famous autobiography titled as Patlache Por (पाटलाचे पोर).

Dinkar Patil was born in a Maratha Patil family on 6 November 1915 in the village of Benadi near Kolhapur. From his childhood he was interested in Marathi stage shows, Marathi plays and cinema. He studied in Kolhapur and completed his B.A.
He started his film career doing assistant job in the Maharashtra Film Company owned by Baburao Painter at Kolhapur, and eventually became an assistant director to Master Vinayak and later transitioned into a film director. He directed and wrote scripts for more than 60 Marathi films.

His films depicting rural life with rural themes, he was considered an authority in both script writing and also directing. He wrote script and dialogue for 62 films and directed 35 films including two Hindi films, Mandir and Gharbar. He received a number of film awards including the prestigious Dadasaheb Phalke Award.

Dinkar Patil introduced Marathi Lavani folk dance in his films, which made his films more popular. He was closely related to Jayaprabha and Shalini Studio in Kolhapur. Also, he made valuable efforts in establishing Marathi Film City – Chitranagari in Kolhapur.

His famous autobiography titled as Patlache Por (पाटलाचे पोर) was published in 1984 in Marathi. More than 10,000 copies were sold during initial years after publication and now it is translated in many other Indian Languages.

He lived in Mumbai for most of his life but returned to Kolhapur with a desire to spend the last years of his life there. Due to attachment to the studios in Kolhapur namely Jayaprabha and Shalini, he reportedly expressed his last desire to immerse his ashes in the premises of the two studios namely Jayaprabha and Shalini Studio in Kolhapur as he was closely attached throughout his life. He died on 23-10- 2005 at the age of 90 in Kolhapur. ((adapted from wiki)

film Gharbaar-53 had 8 songs. Today’s song is the 3rd song to be presented here. By coincidence, all these 3 songs are presented by me, in last 7 years. Today’s song is sung by Asha Bhosle and Surendra. While Asha was the new struggling voice, Surendra was the fading voice of the earlier generation. After this song, he sang only twice – in film Gawaiya-54 and in film Pati Patni-66. That was the end of his singing.

Surendra ( 11-11-1910 to 11-9-1987) was a very successful actor singer. He was first projected by Sagar Movietone as Bombay’s answer to Calcutta’s Saigal. In his first film, Surendra has actually sung a Parody of Saigal’s song. What a way to begin singing career ! Surendra acted in 73 films. He sang 152 songs in 40 films.

Listen to this song and you will feel the contrast between a rising singer and a fading one.


Song- Khet pake ud ud jaa (Gharbaar)(1953) Singers- Asha Bhonsle, Surendra, Lyrics- D N Madhok, MD- Vasant Prabhu
Female chorus
All chorus

Lyrics

urr
hey
khet pake
ud ud jaa
dheeth na ban
?? mera ho piya
hey
khet suhaane
hari hari daaliyon ke beech lage motiyon ke daane

mere maula ki
hey mere maula ki rang maula jaane
hey mere maula ki rang maula jaane ho

khet pake
ud ud jaaye
dhheeth na ban
o kaaga
?? mera ho piya

o o o
o o o
idhar udhar khetiyaan hai
beech bahe paani
aji beech bahe paani
idhar udhar khetiyaan hai
beech bahe paani
kaise lage
aji aise lage
ho re jaise
jeewan ki raah mein
thhumak thhumak
aji thhumak thhumak chali jaaye jawaani
rok lo
ise rok lo

aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
rok lo
ise rok lo
ye chali kha ke kasam
ye chali kha ke kasam
paani ko aag lagaae mein

mere maula ki
hey mere maula ki rang maula jaane
o mere maula ki rang maula jaane ho

khet pake
ud ud jaa
dheeth na ban
o kaaga
?? mera o piya

o o o
o o o o
o o o o

o o o
o o o o
o o o
ghadi ghadi sar sar ki boliyaan suhaani
aji boliyaan suhaani
ghadi ghadi sar sar ki boliyaan suhaani
bole mera khet jaise
koi ishaare
chhup chhup ke
aji chhup chhup ke bole meeethhi baani
maang lo
aji maang lo

aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa
maang lo
aji maang lo
ke meri jholiyon mein
ke meri jholiyon mein
tere liye umr bhar ke daane

mere maula ki
o mere maula ki rang maula jaane
o mere maula ki rang maula jaane ho


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4082 Post No. : 15221

“Captain Kishore”(1957) was directed by J B H Wadia for Wadia Movietone Bombay. This movie had Shashikala, Suresh, Anwar, Naina, Roopmala, Mirza Musharraf, Sheikh, Tuntun, Munshi Munaqqa, Pakku, Shree Bhagwan, Azeem, Mohini, Abdullah, Korega, Yadav, Julin, Bismillah, M K Hasan, Mitthu Miyaan, Kalla, O M Singh, Mohammad Ali, Ghani etc in it.

The movie had seven songs in it. Three of these songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the fourth song from “Captain Kishore”(1957) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Geeta Dutt. Khumar Barabankwi is the lyricist. Music is composed by Citragupta.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song. What a delightful song it is. Very much a forgotten gem of a song.


Song-Ae bewafa ye to bata (Captain Kishore)(1957) Singer-Geeta Dutt, Lyrics-Khumar Barabankwi, MD-Chitragupta

Lyrics

ae bewafa
ae bewafa
ye to bata
kya hai meri khata aa
ae bewafa

dil ka fasaana toone na jaana
chhoda zamaana tere hi liye
toote hain saare sapne hamaare
yoon besahaare koi kya jiye
kyun kar diya be-aasra
ye to bata
kya hai meri khata aa
ae bewafa

nazren milaa ke
ulfat jataa ke
apna banaa ke
daga kyun diya
nazren milaa ke
ulfat jataa ke
apna banaa ke
daga kyun diya
ban ke paraaya mujhko bhulaaya
dil ko jalaaya
ye kya hai kiya
kis baat ka badla liya
ye to bata
kya hai meri khata aa
ae bewafa

tere liye hum tadpenge har dum
dil mein tera gham rahega sanam
tere liye hum tadpenge har dum
dil mein tera gham rahega sanam
darti nigaahen dekhengi raahen
bhar bhar ke aahen kahenge ye ham
jo kuchh kiya
achha kiya
ye to bata
kya hai meri khata aa
ae bewafa


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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has over 15200 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

15258

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1179
Total Number of movies covered =4192

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