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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Rajkumari song’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4121 Post No. : 15275 Movie Count :

4201

Today’s song is from a film Mangalsootra-1947.

In Maharashtra, from the 19th century onwards, theatre dramas became popular. They were the sole source of entertainment for the family. The stage dramas developed to a great extent, till about the 20’s decade of the twentieth century, when they faced their first competition – in the form of Silent films. However those films being silent, they could not compete wholly with dramas, which provided dialogues, living people on stage and above all music in the dramas.

However by 1931, the Talkie films arrived and the drama sensed the potential danger. They became alert. Still, the Talkie films were not invading the smaller towns as much as the bigger cities and so dramas survived for some time. As the time passed by and the film industry started inroads into smaller towns and villages, there was real panic. There was a Bee-line of stage actors, directors, singers and music directors to the Cinema world. It offered them name, fame and money. Not all were successful, but many musicians, writers and actors defected to this industry.

Even the big names in Marathi stage, like Bal Gandharva, Deenanath Mangeshkar, Nanasaheb Phatak, Master Avinash, dramatists like P K Atre, Mama Varerkar, Novelists like N S Phadke and V S Khandekar and musicians like Prof. B R Deodhar and Master krishnarao Fulambrikar etc tried their hand at this medium. One such name was a well known and very Popular Chintaman Rao Kolhatkar, who was an actor, director, producer and a playwright of repute in Marathi stage dramas.

He also tried his hand at acting in films as well as directing in both, Marathi and Hindi languages. He acted in 2 Hindi films, namely Andheri Duniya-1936 and Mangalsootra-1947. He also directed a bilingual in Marathi and Hindi film Krishna Arjun Yudha-1934. Here is his short Bio data from netizen.com –

Chintamanrao Ganesh Kolhatkar (12 March 1891 – 23 November 1959) , was a very prominent actor as well as producer, director and playwright of Marathi theatre. He joined the Maharashtra Natak Mandali in 1911, but after a year left for another troupe named as Shri Bharat Natak Mandali. His career took a major turn when he entered the Kirloskar Natak Mandali in 1914. He helped establish the Balwant Sangit Natak Mandali with Dinanath Mangeshkar in 1918. Chintamanrao Ganesh Kolhatkar’s greatest performances came in R. G. Gadkari-s plays, in Punyaprabhav i.e. Force of Virtue’ in 1916, Rajsanyas i.e. ‘Kingdom Renounced’ in 1922, and especially as the villain Ghanashyam in Bhavbandlmn i.e. ‘Bond of Affection’ in 1919. He tried the movie industry in 1933 when Sangitnatak began to decline and acted in two films, notably as the tyrant Shakara in Vasantsena in 1942. This was based on Sudraka, but failed in this medium and returned to theatre. He joined Gangadharpant Londhe’s Rajaram Sangit Mandali, worked with M. G. Rangnekar’s Natyaniketan, and established his own company, Lalit Kala Kunj. This one gave P. L. Deshpande a break. Kolhatkar was a non-singing actor, who took roles in Hindi and Urdu as well.
The Police Commissioner of Bombay felicitated him for his acting in Punyaprabhav. Jawaharlal Nehru once called him Bahurupi i.e. ‘many-formed’. This was a term applied to one-man folk performances, which Kolhatkar used as the title for his autobiography. He also wrote character sketches of several playwrights titled Majhe Natakkar i.e. ‘My Dramatists’, and a five-act play, Purnavatar i.e. ‘Complete Avatar’ in 1924. This was staged in 1996 by the group Antarnatya in Mumbai.
His son Chittaranjan Kolhatkar was also a very prominent , famous and prolific actor, producer and director of Marathi stage and films.
Chintamanrao was awarded Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1957, given by the Sangeet Natak Akademi, India’s National Academy of Music, Dance & Drama.

The cast of the film Mangalsootra-47 was Urmila, Anand, Chintaman Kolhatkar, Motibai, Shanta Kunwar, Sheelabai, Mehebano, Dalpat and many others. In the cast, you will find a name Urmila- in some films she is named as Urmila Devi, and Urmila Gupta also. She was not a very good looking actress, but she compensated it with her good acting. Urmila Gupta was born in 1921 at Panja Sahib, Rawalpindi district of United Punjab. Her father, who was a Civil Contractor, died when she was only 5 year old. She did not get much education but could read and write as well as talk fluently, Urdu, Hindi and English.

She started her career with a small uncredited role in film Mirza Sahiban-33. She was the younger sister of Mirza in this film. After some more small roles, she got her major role in film Aasuon ki Duniya-36. After this, she did not look back and did Punjab Lancers-37, Talwar ka Dhani-38, Kahan hai manzil Teri-39, Hurricane special-39, Flying Ranee-39, Desh Bhakt-40, Sasural-41, Sajjan-41, Mere Sajan-41, Naari-42, Das Baje-42, Call of youth-42, Badal -42, Apna Paraya-42, Tamash-42, Kirti-42, Salma-43, Bansari-43 etc etc. Urmila got married to Vinod Talwar, a businessman and stopped working in films, for some time, may be for raising a family. She resumed working in films and acted in another 20 odd films till 1952. She had sung 12 songs. In all, she worked in about 55 films.

I do not know anything about the film Hero Anand. I have seen his name first time in a credit list. The film was made by Golden Pictures, Bombay. It was directed by Dada aka V M Gunjal. Director Vishnupant Mathaji Gunjal or simply Dada Gunjal, was born in Kolhapur in 1904. He was not interested in education, so after passing his Matriculation, he joined the film industry.
Initially he worked in various capacities, but concentrated on Directing the films. He established his own Gunjal Production company at Bombay and directed his first silent film Collegian in 1929. Soon ,realising that producing films was not his cake, he shifted to Directing films for Vishwesh film company, Bombay. Making silent films like Bharati, The Bandit, Vijeta, Bewafa qatil, khabardar, Bhedi khanjar etc.
When Talkie films started, he directed Bhakta ke Bhagwan and Ambarish in 1934. Dada Gunjal directed in all 37 films. Some of his films were, Bhakta dhruv, Panihari,Aparadhi, Ekadashi, Mata, Mamta, Tulsi, Bhakta ke Bhagwan, Noorjehan, Baraat, Kirti, Pati patni, Alakh Niranjan, Mother India -1938 etc.

Dada Gunjal died in 1968.

The film’s Music Director was Ratanlal. He is one of those artistes, about whom hardly any information is available. All that we know about him is what is available in HFGK and books like Dhunon ki Yatra etc. There are only 4 films to his credit. For 2 films- Baraat-42, he gave music with Khemchand Prakash and for film Kismatwala-44 he was with Shanti kumar Desai. Independently he gave music to only Mangalsootra-47 and Parshuram-47.

As per January-1948 issue of magazine Film India, the film was released on 5-12-1947 at Swastik Cinema, Bombay. The review of the film done in this issue, by Baburao Patel is highly critical of every aspect of the film-acting, direction, technical support, story, dialogues etc etc. There is no comment on Music of this film, which means either he was satisfied with it or it was very much below standard to comment even. However, I have listened to some songs of this film and some other films of Ratanlal, I feel he was reasonably good composer. The review only praises the acting by actress Motibai in this film.

The story line of this film, as given in the review is…. Dayal, called popularly Dayal mama (Chintaman Kolhatkar), is a social worker and a Politician in a certain town. He is dragged into a false case and gets jail term of 10 years. After his going to jail, his wife Laxmi (Motibai) and daughter Radha (Urmila) become homeless and helpless. They leave the town and wander.

After 10 years, Dayal comes out of jail and looks for family, but he does not find them. He goes to another city, where, by chance he saves the Zamindar from riding on a Horse, which becomes wild. The Zamindar takes him home, treats him as a friend and appoints him his trusted Manager. Mohan (Anand) is his son, who completes his education. The zamindar dies and Mohan becomes the boss.

Meanwhile Radha grows up as a beautiful and attractive young girl. She and mother move to Mohan’s town, where Radha becomes the village teacher. Radha and Mohan fall in love. But Dayal is against this as Radha’s father is missing.

However, after few reels and may be few Love songs etc, Dayal Mama sees Radha’s mother Laxmi, in the last reel, recognises her. Now, Radha being his own daughter Dayal Mama gives Hari Zandi to Radha- Mohan marriage. All is well. The End. Clap, Clap, Clap.

With such poor and powerless story, what can Vrajendra Gaur, the script and dialogue writer do ? Actually Gaur was a well known and successful writer of many films in 40s and the 50s. He even directed film Kasturi-54. He wrote 59 songs in 13 films. Anyway, all in all, film Mangalsootra-47 was an eminently forgettable film.

With today’s song, this film and Music Director Ratanlal make Debut on the Blog.


Song-Jiya doley Jiya doley Jiya doley re (Mangalsutra)(1947) Singer- Rajkumari, Lyrics- Brijendra Gaud, MD-Ratanlal

Lyrics

Jiya doley
Jiya doley
Jiya doley re ae
Jiya doley
Jiya doley
Jiya doley re
hauley hauley
hauley hauley
khaaye jhakoley
hey hey hey
hauley hauley
khaaye jhakoley
hey hey hey
Jiya doley
Jiya doley
Jiya doley re ae
Jiya doley
Jiya doley
Jiya doley re

neel gagan mein kaale baadal
jhilmil jhilmil ho o
neel gagan mein kaale baadal
jhilmil jhilmil ho
khule chaman mein bhanwra rasiya
kaliyaan choome ho ho o
khule chaman mein bhanwra rasiya
kaliyaan choome ho o
haa aa aa aa
aa aa aa
Jiya doley
Jiya doley
Jiya doley re
Jiya doley
Jiya doley
Jiya doley re ae
hauley hauley
hauley hauley
khaaye jhakoley
hey ae ae
hauley hauley
khaaye jhakoley
hey ae ae
Jiya doley
Jiya doley
Jiya doley re ae
Jiya doley
Jiya doley
Jiya doley re

chanchal lahren magan pawan ke
sang sang bal khaayen
chanchal lahren magan pawan ke
sang sang bal khaayen
jin se meri lagan lagi hai
wo saajan mil jaayen
jin se meri lagan lagi hai
wo saajan mil jaayen
haa aa aa aa aa aa
a aa aa aa
donon mil ke ek nayi duniya basaayen
ho nayi duniya basaayen
Jiya doley
Jiya doley
Jiya doley re
Jiya doley
Jiya doley
Jiya doley re ae
hauley hauley
hauley hauley
khaaye jhakoley
ho ho o
hauley hauley
khaaye jhakoley
hey ae ae
Jiya doley
Jiya doley
Jiya doley re ae
Jiya doley
Jiya doley
Jiya doley re ae ae

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3968 Post No. : 15050 Movie Count :

4128

Today’s song is from film Ghar ki shobha-1944.

The history of Hindi Film Music (HFM) begins with the very first Talkie ” Alam Ara”-1931, in which there were 7 songs. Madan Theatres, Calcutta, Krishna Cinetone, Bombay and few other production houses were busy hectically in 1931, to release their First Talkie film, ahead of all others. Lucky Ardeshir Irani got the cake and released his film Alam Ara before all others and engraved his name in the history of Hindi and Indian talkies. Music and singing being an integral part of the Talkie films, many musicians were attracted to films. Stage and Drama musicians and some classical singers joined films and gave music in them. In those days, Film music was totally influenced by Gujarati, Parsee and Marathi stage and Drama music (Natya Sangeet). Probably no one ever imagined that there was a need for a different approach to Cine Music.

For the first 9-10 years of Hindi films, i.e. 1931 to almost 1940,there was virtually no change in the music pattern or the singing styles of songs in films. By the end of the 30s, playback technique was gaining a foothold. This system actually freed the Cinema from songs sung by film stars who were no singers at all ! Genuine, independent, non-star singers were now available to give playback. This was the case in the western India or Bombay made films. The Eastern centre of Hindi film making-Calcutta was strictly following Robindra Sangeet and Nazrul Geeti, adapted into Hindi film songs. They also used more pure Hindi words like Preet, Prem, Bandhan, Milan, Sangam, Vyatha etc to appeal to Hindi belt audience.

Beginning of the change came from the far off Lahore. Dalsukh Pancholi’s “Khazanchi”-41 introduced for the first time the Punjabi folk tunes music in the voice of a New singer SHAMSHAD BEGUM. The use of Dholak and Punjabi robust rhythm in songs was tried by the composer Master Ghulam Hyder. This path breaking,new type of Music was received by the audience with great joy and love, all over India. With this was ushered in the VIBRANT changes HFM was to undergo in the 5th decade,i.e. from 1941 to 1949.

This was also the time when the old batch of actors, singers and composers were slowly getting replaced by a newer crop of artistes. Phirozshah Mistry, Master Ali Baksh, Jaddanbai,Lallubhai Nayak, Pransukh Nayak, Brijlal Verma, Nagardas Nayak, Sunderdas Bhatiya, Govindrao Tembe, Keshvrao Bhole, Master Krishnarao Phulambrikar, master Mohammed, Jhande Khan, Rewashankar Marwadi, B S Hoogan, Meer Sahab, Damodar Sharma, Jhande Khan, Rewashankar Marwadi, S P Rane, Vithaldas Panchotiya, Annasaheb Mainkar, Dada Chandekar, Mushtaq Hussain, Master Chhaila etc were disappearing one by one.

A new set of composers and singers like Anil Biswas, Ashok Ghosh, C.Ramchandra, Ghulam Hyder, Sajjad Hussain, Naushad, K.Datta, Govind Ram, Pt. Amarnath, Husnalal Bhagatram, Khemchand Praksah,Khursheed Anwar, Nissar Bazmi, Vinod, A R Qureshi, Saraswati devi, Bulo c Rani, Gyan Dutt etc were taking over from the old guards.

These new entrants brought with them melodious tunes and music from Goa, UP, Rajasthan, Bengal, Maharashtra, Punjab, Kashmir etc and their experimentation truly enriched the HFM making it a genuinely All India music.

In the 40s, the HFM became absolutely VIBRANT. The new composers with new ideas and hard work tried to understand what the audience wanted. In other words,we can say that hitherto the film music was ” Sales Oriented ” (selling what you produce) till the 30s decade, but the 40’s music was ” Market oriented” (producing what the audience wants). Now, there was a fair and healthy competition and a wide variety in music. The composers too had new singers who were trained and had a singing voice and talent, unlike the earlier ‘Untrained forced singers’. Naushad Ali had once said,’’ The coming of Rafi and Lata liberated we composers from the painful task of making the ‘musically illiterate’ actors and actresses.” Thus Ashok kumar,Leela Chitnis and the likes of them were left alone to concentrate on their acting,while the trained singers sang for them.

New and exclusive playback singers like Amirbai, Zohrabai, Kalyanibai, Rajkumari Mohantara, Shamshad, lalita Deulkar, G M Durani, Rafi etc became popular. Actually, the lead actors now started deciding who should sing their songs. This paved the way for stars to become powerful in coming period.

Like Music, the type of cinema stories too started changing. The Fantasy, Stunt, Mythological, Historical, Religious and Costume dramas gave way to Love stories, Musicals. Family dramas, Comedy, Crime stories…so on and so forth. Overall, the cinema industry was going through a overhauling. However, the winds of Independence, after the world war put a brake to these changes. 1945 to 1950 was a period of turmoil and matters settled fully with the advent of the new decade of the 50’s.

In this change over, here was a film discussing the problems of a Happy Home. Ghar ki Shobha-1944 was a film which stressed the importance and need of the capable housewife who was an ” Adarsh” Bahu, Bibi, Mother and everything else the society needed !

The main players in this family drama were, Karan Dewan, Swarnalata, Jagdish Sethi, Dixit, Fazlu, Ramesh Saigal etc etc. The film was directed by Harshadrai Mehta- who became a well known director in Tamil films of Madras, later. Ramesh Saigal assisted him in direction. Harshadrai Sakerlal Mehta

was a Pioneer Hindi and Tamil director born in Mota, Bardoli Dist., Gujarat. Started as a painter, editor and cameraman at Kohinoor (1919), but made his début for Krishna Film (Ver Ni Vasulat). At Krishna he began his association with long-time partner and cameraman Luhar (e.g. Be Din Ni Badshahi, Amar Asha) making melodramas often starring the Anglo-Indian star Ermeline. Best-known film of this period is Janjirne Jankare, the much-acclaimed Rajput romance scripted and shot by Luhar. Made his most influential films with the famous Mehta- Luhar Prod. set up in 1931 with Bapubhai Desai and the informal support of the Sharda Studio. Made several Sharda-type stunt movies featuring e.g. Navinchandra. Moved to Coimbatore’s Premier Cinetone (1937) and made a number of Tamil films.

In Hindi films, there have been three actors who were very handsome and very lucky but zero in acting – Karan Dewan, Pradeep Kumar and Bharat Bhushan. They all appeared in leading roles opposite all leading actresses of their times. They had the best films, best songs and best roles. Karan Dewan had about 25 Silver Jubilees to his credit and was considered a lucky star. Bharat Bhushan had the most musical films to his credit like ‘Baiju Bawra’ (1952), ‘Shabaab’ (1954) and ‘Mirza Ghalib’ (1954) etc. Pradeep Kumar had ‘Anarkali’ (1953) and ‘Taj Mahal’ (1963).

All three had their brothers producing films for them. Gemini Dewan made films for Karan Dewan, R Chandra made films for Bharat Bhushan and Kalidas for Pradeep Kumar. Unfortunately, in later years, all three lost everything and died in poverty and neglectful anonymity. Karan Dewan was a manager with BR Chopra’s production company. When he died no one came for his funeral except for Chandrashekhar and Manmohan Krishan from the Cine Artist’s Association. Bharat Bhushan worked as a watchman in a film studio, in his last days. Even he died unsung and only the men from the Association were present at the cremation.

Pradeep Kumar’s case is the saddest. He lay seriously ill in the ICU of a Calcutta nursing home, abandoned by his relatives. The hospital was not discharging unless the bills were paid. Luckily one Mr. Pradeep Kondaliya, an estate agent, recognised him, despite his grown beard. He paid the huge outstanding bill of the hospital and took Pradeep Kumar to his home, where he passed away after a few days. He was cremated by his fan. Such is the film industry – cruel and ruthless, where the recognition lasts only till one is successful.

Dewan Karan Chopra aka Karan Dewan ( 6-11-1917 to 2-8-1979 ) youngest of three brothers was born at Gujranwala, Punjab (now in Pakistan), British India. He studied in Lahore, where he became interested in Journalism and started editing a film magazine in Urdu, Jagat Lakshmi. One of the local distributors he met was Tarachand Barjatya, who was then the Manager of Chandanmal Inder Kumar’s distribution office at Lahore. Through his connection with Barjatya he landed in Calcutta, and in 1939, made his acting debut as Puran in the Punjabi feature film Puran Bhagat

Dewan started his film career with the role of Puran in Puran Bhagat in Punjabi in 1939 in Calcutta. It was produced by Raisaheb Sukhlal Karnani and directed by Roop K. Shorey’s father R. L. Shorey. His second film Mera Maahi (1941) was also a Punjabi film, directed by Shankar Mehta at Lahore and starring Ragini and Manorama. This was the movie in which he sang songs for the first time in the movies under the baton of legendary music director Shyam Sunder. Later, in Rattan, he sang for the first time in Hindi movies for Naushad. B R Chopra, then working as a film journalist in Lahore, helped Karan Dewan to get in touch with Devika Rani, who invited Dewan to come to Bombay. When this did not helpDewan get films, he taught “Urdu pronunciation to actors and actresses”.

In 1944, Karan Dewan acted in Rattan, a musical romantic drama, directed by M. Sadiq, which became one of the most popular films of that year. “A tremendous hit”, it paired Dewan with Swarnalata. His decisive film was Rattan (1944), which was produced by his brother Jaimini Diwan, and this movie had turned out to be the biggest hit of 1944. He also sang songs in this movie under music director Naushad, and his song “Jab Tum Hi Chale Pardes” became popular. He sang in films such as Piya Ghar Aaja (1947), Mitti Ke Khiloune (1948) and Lahore (1949). His other important films were Zeenat (1945), Lahore (1949), Dahej (1950), Bahar (1951) and Teen Batti Char Rasta (1953). Known as a “jubilee star”, about twenty of his films are stated to have been jubilee (twenty-five weeks or more) hits.

Dewan married co-actress Manju in 1944 following the release of Rattan, in which she had a character role. By 1966, he was working as a casting agent for the film unit of Maya (1966). He continued to work in the 1960s and 1970s playing supporting parts in films such as Apna Ghar (1960), Shaheed(1965), Jeene Ki Raah (1969) and Nadaan (1971), with the last film in which he was credited being Sohanlal Kanwar’s Atmaram (1979).

He worked in 73 films and sang 18 songs in 9 films. He worked with all leading actresses of his times,including Noorjehan and Nargis. At the end of his career, however, he was down financially and had to work as a Manager with B R Chopra’s company. When he died, except two workers of Cine artistes association, no one else from Film industry was present.

Ustad Alla Rakha aka A R Qureshi ( 29-4-1919 to 3-2-2000) gave music to this film. Having started only in 1943 with Mahasati Anusuya, film Ghar ki shobha-44 was his only the second film as an MD. So his music sounds fresh. After you hear today’s song, you will agree with me. He gave music to 40 films, composing 356 songs. He also sang 14 songs in 7 films.

In the cast of this film, there was one fading actor – Dixit, from the Dixit and Ghori pair of that era. The projected themselves on the lines of Laurel and Hardy…Hardy being our Dixit. Later, Yaqub and Gope triede to project their image as Laurel and Hardy and still later Johar and Majnu tried to copy Bob Hope and Bing Crosby of Hindi cinema ! Let’s take a look at Dixit and Ghory- a very popular comedy pair of early cinema.

Manohar Janardhan Dixit was born on 12-11-1906 at Sinner in Nashik district,Maharashtra (Bombay state at that time.) His comedy career started with silent film ‘Sparkling youth’-1930. His first day of work in a film was 14-11-1929. He did 3 more silent films with Navjivan Films and then joined Ranjit studio. Here he met his mate Nazir Ahmed Ghori,born on 11-8-1901 at Bombay.He was the senior of the two,having started in 1927. He worked till 1931 in silent films of various companies and then joined Ranjit studio in 1931 Here too he did 4 silent films.

He paired with Dixit first time in Char Chakram-1932,directed by Jayant Desai.The film was a terrific hit and the pair did many films together like, Bhutio mahal,Do badmash,Bhola shikar,Bhool bhulaiya,Vishwamohini,nadira etc. They worked together till 1947,doing solo films also in between. Unfortunately none of their films have survived and we know about their acting only through Photographs,interviews and articles. However Dixit’s solo films like Pehle aap-44,Jeevan yatra-46,Aap ki sewa mein-47 and Pugree-47 are still available.In film Pugree,his name was Ramu kaka and the very fat Dixit (222 pounds) carried the world’s smallest dog-Chikoo in the film.Later comedian Omprakash did this role in the remake of the film in Dil Daulat Duniya-1972.

Dixit acted in 66 Talkie films and 8 silent films in 17 years. He died on 29-6-1949 due to a massive heart attack. His partner Ghori migrated to Pakistan and did 8 films there till 1960, without much success. He died on 9-12-1977 at Karachi.

Today’s song is sung by Rajkumari. Note the type of music and tune. With this song, film Ghar ki Shobha-44 makes its Debut on the Blog.


Song-Main duniya ki raani (Ghar Ki Shobha)(1944) Singer- Rajkumari, Lyrics- Roopbani, MD- Alla Rakha Qureshi
unknown male voice

Lyrics

Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
firti hoon mauj manaati
firti hoon mauj manaati
chhed chhaad se dil behlaati
chhed chhaad se dil behlaati
karti hoon main manmaani
karti hoon main manmaani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani

main ?? kheloon
saagar se geet bakheroon(?)
main ?? kheloon
saagar se geet bakheroon(?)
aazaadi ki deewaani
aazaadi ki deewaani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani

meri laila jaisi aankhen
meri laila jaisi aankhen
sab majnu ban kar jhaanken
sab majnu ban kar jhaanken
zulfen to mast jawaani
zulfen to mast jawaani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani

?? kar pankh hilaati
bhanwron ko paas bulaati
?? kar pankh hilaati
bhanwron ko paas bulaati
patthar dil kar doon paani
patthar dil kar doon paani
haay haay laila
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3936 Post No. : 15011 Movie Count :

4113

Today’s song is from a film Gorakh Aaya-1938. The title of the film looks rather odd. Who is Gorakh ? May be a question in many readers’ minds. Let me explain that Gorakh is a short form of Gorakhnath- who was one of the early Navnaths, from Nath Sampraday. Have I made it more complicated ? So, let us first understand what it all means…

A brief description of the Nath Sampradaay. It is likely that some of our readers may not be familiar with the details behind these names. In the Hindu Sanaatan traditions the worship of Lord Shiva is called Shaivism and the worshippers and followers of Lord Shiva are called Shaivs. Nath Sampradaay is a sub tradition within Shaivism. The followers of this tradition consider Adinath or Lord Shiva as their first Lord. The word Nath implies Master. In this tradition, there is a lineage of nine Gurus or Teachers. The form of sadhna practiced by the followers of this tradition is called Hath Yog (हठ योग).

The first Guru in this lineage is Matsyendra Nath, who is better known as Machhindra Nath (मच्छिंद्रनाथ). The traditional history recounts that Matsyendra was born under an inauspicious star. This warranted his parents to throw the baby into the ocean. In the ocean the baby was swallowed by a large fish, and he lived and grew up inside the belly of the fish, for many years. The fish swam to the bottom of the ocean where Lord Shiva was imparting the secrets of yoga to Mata Parvati. Matsyendra overheard this discourse and learnt the secrets of yoga. He began to practice this yog sadhana inside the fish’s belly. After twelve years he finally emerged as an enlightened Siddha.

The second Guru is Gorakh. The story of Gorakhnath birth is- The first Guru Machhindra Nath went to a house for Bhiksha. The lady of the house, after serving him the Bhiksha, asked him if he can help her in any way to get a long desired child. Guru Machhindra Nath dipped his hand in his Zoli and took some some Vibhuti (ash) He gave it her and asked her to eat it and she will conceive a son. After he is gone , one of the neighbours of that lady tells her not to believe all this. The lady gets a doubt and throws the Vibhuti on a pile of garbage.

Time passes on. After 12 years, Machhindra Nath again comes to the lady and asks, how her son was. The lady, ashamed, tells him the truth. The Guru goes to the Garbage and gives a loud call, ” My son, come here “. From the garbage rises a son of about 12 years. He is Gorak Nath. Machhindranath takes him away with him and gives him the Deeksha (ceremony of bestowing the discipleship) of Nath Sampraday. Go means Earth and Rakh means to protect. So Gorakh is one who is protected by Mother Earth.

There is a list of Nine Nath Gurus, who are called Navnath. The first Nath Guru is Machhindra. The complete list is as follows

Machhindranath ( मच्छिंद्रनाथ )
Gorakhnath ( गोरखनाथ )
Jalandhar Nath ( जालंदरनाथ )
Kanif Nath (Kanhoba) ( कानिफनाथ )
Gahini Nath ( गहिनीनाथ )
Raja Bhartrihari Nath (Bharthari) ( भरथरी )
Revan Sidha Nath (रेवानसिधानाथ )
Charpati Nath and ( चर्पतीनाथ )
Naag Nath. ( नागनाथ )

The stories surrounding every Nath Guru, especially the earlier ones, are very exciting, thrilling and entertaining. One must read them from the original Nath Puraan or Nav Nath Pothi. I have read all of them. These stories are in no way less than any Arabian Night stories. Due to their entertainment value, several films in several languages have been made on the early Gurus like Machhindranath and Gorakhnath. Films on Machhindranath were made as ‘Maaya Machhindra’ in Hindi, in 1932, 1951, 1960 and 1975. Films on Gorakhnath as ‘Alakh Niranjan’, were made in 1940, 1950 and 1975. Films on Bharthari were made in 1932 and 1944. Films on other Naths were made as ‘Raja Gopichand’ in 1933, 1938 and 1950. Same way films on Naths in Telugu, Tamil, Gujarati and other languages were also made. There could be some more films also on this subject.

The story of this film is quite interesting. The film was made by Ranjit Movietone. Screenplay was by Gunwantrai Acharya and dialogues and lyrics were by P L Santoshi. Cinematography was by Krishna Gopal and Music was composed by Gyan Dutt. The film was directed by Chaturbhuj Doshi- who made his debut as a film Director.

Chaturbhuj Doshi (1894–1969) was a Hindi and Gujarati writer-director of Indian cinema. He was one of the top Gujarati screenplay writers, who helped script stories for the Punatar productions. He is stated to be one of the leading figures who launched the Gujarati film industry with work on notable films like Gunsundari (1948) and Nanand Bhojai (1948). He was “well known” for his family socials and had become “a celebrity in his own right”. He made a name for himself as a journalist initially and was referred to as the “famous journalist” & publicist by Baburao Patel, editor of Filmindia.

His debut film as a director was Gorakh Aya (1938), produced by Ranjit Movietone, though he joined Ranjit in 1929, as a scriptwriter. In 1938, he directed another film for Ranjit, a social comedy, The Secretary, and both films were box-office successes for Doshi. His forte was socials, regularly adapting stories and novels for films. He worked initially on comedies like Secretary and Musafir (1940), but then “shifted to more significant films”.

Early life and career – Chaturbhuj Anandji Doshi was born in 1894 in Kathiawad, Gujarat, British India. He was educated at the University of Bombay, after graduation he started work as a journalist for a daily, Hindustan (1926), working for editor Indulal Yagnik. His entry into films was working as a scenarist in the silent era for directors like Jayant Desai, Nandlal Jaswantlal & Nanubhai Vakil. He joined Ranjit Movietone in 1929, and wrote stories and screenplay for several of Ranjit films.

Film Gorakh Aya (Gorakh has come) in 1938, was the first film directed by Doshi. It was produced by Ranjit Movietone with screenplay by Gunvantrai Acharya & dialog-ues by P. L. Santoshi. The music, termed “good” was composed by Gyan Dutt. The Secretary (1938), was a “riotous comedy”, starring Madhuri, Trilok Kapoor. Charlie. The music was composed by Gyan Dutt, became a regular in most of the films directed by Doshi. Musafir in 1940 was a comedy costu-me drama, which had Charlie playing a prince.

Bhakta Surdas, a devotional film directed by Doshi in 1942, is stated to be the “most famous” of the several versions made. It starred K. L. Saigal and Khursheed “the singing idol(s) of millions”, winning “unprecedented popularity” everywhere.

Maheman (1942) starred Madhuri, Ishwarlal, Shamim and Mubarak. Music director Bulo C. Rani had come to Bombay in 1942, and joined Ranjit Studios assisting Khemchand Prakash in music direction.

Doshi helped enormously in the development of the Gujarati cinema. During 1948-49 he directed three successful Gujarati films which “brought immense success to the industry”. The success of the Gujarati film Kariyavar in 1948, directed by Chaturbhuj Doshi from a story by Shaida, called Vanzari Vaav, helped establish the Gujarati film industry along with other films like Vadilo Ne Vanke (1948) by Ram chandra Thakur and Gadono Bel (1950) by Ratibhai Punatar. His next Gujarati film was Jesal Toral (1948) based on folk-lore, which proved a big box-office success. In 1949, Doshi directed another Gujarati film, Vevishal, an adaptation of Meghani’s novel of the same name.

He also wrote stories, and one of his stories Pati Bhakti was used in the Tamil film En Kanawar (1948) produced by Ajit Pictures, which starred the Veena maestro, Sundaram Balachander, who was also the debut director and music composer for the film. In all he directed 24 Hindi films. His last Hindi film was Sanskar-1958. He had also written few songs in film Maya Bazar-32.

Chaturbhuj Doshi died on 21 January 1969 in Bombay, Maharashtra, India. Filmography-1932: Narasinh Mehta (Writer), 1934: Sitamgarh (Writer), 1938: Gorakh Aya, Secretary, 1939: Adhuri Kahani, 1940: Musafir, 1941:Pardesi, Sasural, 1942: Bhakta Surdas, Dhiraj, Mehmaan, 1943: Chhoti Maa, Shankar Parvati (Director, Writer), 1944: Bhartrahari, 1945:Murti, 1946: Phulwari, 1947: Bela, Kaun Hamara, 1948: Jesal Toral, Kariyavar (Director, Writer), Sati Sone, 1949: Bhakta Puran, Vevishal, 1950: Akhand Saubhagya, Kisi Ki Yaad, Ramtaram, 1954: Aurat Teri Yahi Kahani, 1956: Aabroo, Dashera, Dassehra, 1957: Khuda Ka Banda, Shesh Naag, 1958: Sanskar, 1960: Mehndi Rang Lagyo (Writer, Lyricist).

The film had a cast consisting of Mazhar Khan, Trilok Kapoor, Rajkumari and Kalyani in lead roles, Ila devi as the Egyptian queen, Ram Apte, Sarla, Bhagwandas etc etc. Rajkumari Dubey made her debut in this movie as a playback singer. Till then she had only sung for herself.

The story of the film was…..

Machhindranath (Mazhar Khan) observes uncivil excesses in temples. Disgusted he leaves for Himalayas for Meditation. After 7 long years, he comes back with a conclusion that Women are the cause of all problems in this world.
Meanwhile the Egyptian queen (Ila Devi) plans to raid India and camps on the banks of the river Indus. A Rishi kanya (Kalyani) builds an army of women. Machhindranath also builds an all men army and defeats the invader.

One day Tilottama-the head of women’s army (Rajkumari) and Machhindranath meet and they fall in love. He gets totally immersed in her love magic and forgets his duty also, spending life with Tilottama.

His disciple Gorakhnath(Trilok Kapoor) gets worried. He enters the women’s army camp stealthily, reaches Machhindranath and shouts in his ears “Utho Machhinder, Gorakh Aaya’. After few days’reminders, Machhindranath realises his folly. They both escape the women’s camp and continue their duties deligently as before.

This film was released on 30th July 1938 at West End Theatre in Bombay, Baburao Patel, in his magazine Film India, has praised the direction of Chaturbhuj Doshi. As a publicity gimmick, the opening day’s all shows were kept only for women. This helped greatly and in no time the film became popular and a Box Office success.

One of the singer actors was Ram Apte- the child artiste, who was no more like a child. Even Film India criticised him as a child artiste. Ram Apte had been working as a child actor from Vishwa Mohini-1933. Till 1938, he worked in 25 films in child roles. he also sang 4 songs in 3 films. After Gorakh Aaya-38, he gave up working as child artiste.

As I have not seen this film, I do not know on whom this song is filmed, but from the lyrics, it sounds as if it is between two friends. With this song, film “Gorakh Aaya”(1938) makes its Debut on the Blog.


Song-Wo din gaye hamaare (Gorakh Aaya)(1938) Singers- Rajkumari Dubey, Miss Kalyani, Lyrics- P L Santoshi, MD- Gyan Dutt

Lyrics

wo o o din gaye hamaare
wo o din gaye hamaare
wo din gaye hamaare
wo din gaye hamaare
main thhi chhail chhabeeli raadha
wo thhe mohan pyaare
main thhi chhail chhabeeli raadha
wo thhe mohan pyaare
khel rahe thhe swapn lok mein
aasha nadi kinaare
khel rahe thhe swapn lok mein
aasha nadi kinaare
wo din gaye hamaare
wo din gaye hamaare
wo din gaye hamaare
wo din gaye hamaare
wo din gaye hamaare
wo din gaye hamaare

prem ki jyot jaga jaa dete (?)
man mein preetam pyaare re
prem ki jyot jaga jaa dete(?)
man mein preetam pyaare
man mein preetam pyaare
pyaare
pyaare
ye din pyaare pyaare
ye din pyaare pyaare
main ban jaaun raseeli raadha
tum ban jaao kunj bihaari
main ban jaaun raseeli raadha
tum ban jaao kunj bihaari
dekh hamaari leela nyaari
hansen gagan mein taare
hansen gagan mein taare
taare
ye din pyaare pyaare
ye din pyaare pyaare


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3861 Post No. : 14876 Movie Count :

4067

Today’s song is from film Toofan Queen-46. From the title itself, it is clear that this was a C grade Action/Stunt film. This is confirmed once you see its cast comprising of Fearless Nadia, Prakash, Shanta Patel, Anant Prabhu, Shyamsunder, Agha Shapur, Vijay Kumar and Motor cycle ” Champion”.

In Nadia’s films, not only the human characters had names but even her animal helpers and Auto machines had special names. As long as she was in Wadia Movietone, till 1942, she had Punjab ka beta (Horse), Gunboat (Dog), and Austin ki beti ( a jalopy). After she joined Homi Wadia’s Basant Pictures, she had Rajpoot (Horse), Moti (Dog) and Austin ki bachhi (a jalopy). In addition, whenever required, she used a Motor cycle called ” Champion” !

Stunt films was one of my favourite Genres in my younger days. Now of course, this genre does not exist anymore. The action and stunt part of the film is entrusted to the Special effects Team- deleting the need of stunt actors. The Hero of the film himself does most of the stunts and fighting, even in a social film, so the stuntmen and fighters have hardly any job now to justify a complete Stunt film. Actually the line between social and action, social and musical and social, comedy, horror, historical and stunt film is no more visible !

From the days of silent films till about the middle of the 50s, stunt type of films were being made. In early cinema, Shankar rao Vazre, Ganpat Bakre, Yeshwant Dave and Master Vithal were the popular ” Maar peet” film Heroes. Later on, Fearless Nadia took over the reigns and the Genre concluded with films made by Bhagwan dada.

Music in stunt films had insignificant value or importance, so there were no specialised composers in this field. Since stunt films were made generally on shoe-string budgets, any composer, who settles for minimum fees would be selected. Therefore one would see strange unknown composers like Dilip Chand Vedi, Master Dinkar, Brijlal, Mushtaq Ahmed, Sunder das, Master Mohammed, Mohd. Hussain, M.Chhaila, Ram Hira,H.R.Bhalla, Master manzoor, Motilal, G.A.Khan, Amir hussain Khan, Kanhaiya Pawar, Vinod Ganguli, S.N.Manjrekar, Kikubhai Yagnik, Abdul karim khan etc etc.

Some of the composers, who made a name later on in film industry, actually started their careers from stunt, action and Mythological films . One such prominent name was that of CHITRAGUPTA ( SHRIVASTAV ), who gave music to film Toofan Queen-46, our today’s film.

Chitragupta Shrivastav (16-11-1917 to 14-1-1991) was born, brought up and educated in Bihar. He was perhaps the most educated composer of his times. He had done M.A. in Economics from Patna University and also taught for few years. He came to Bombay in 1945 and having learnt classical music wanted to become a composer. He started as an assistant to S N Tripathi. His first break came in 1946 with ” Lady Robin hood”. Initially he got only stunt and devotional films to do. In 1955, Dada Burman recommended him to AVM for “Shiv Bhakta “. This was a landmark film for Chitragupta, because he used Lata for the First time. Later Lata and Chitragupta had very good relations,till the end.

Actually Chitragupta should be counted as No 1 composer who gave very melodious songs to Lata, but this is forgotten, because like Madan Mohan, Roshan,S-J, C.Ramchandra or S D Burman, he never got big banner films ( at least not very often), which became a reason to discuss only their Lata songs frequently. Chitragupta always got mostly B and C grade films,which were not famous,but he was in no way less capable of composing good tunes for Lata.

Chitragupta was a very homely family man with a middle class mentality. He had a fun group comprising of Lata, Usha, Meena, Dilip Dholakiya, Prem Dhawan and Chitragupta. They used to have lot of fun at the home of Chitragupta. Lata liked their food very much. Chitragupta Shrivastav was a Kayastha ( ” Lalaji ” as they are called in Bihar ) and their Non veg food was excellent.

In the late 80s, I came in personal contact with Chitragupta,when my close friend’s daughter married his elder son. When Chitragupta learned that I liked ” Sattu ki poori ” very much, he called me to his house and we ate Sattu Puris and Alloo Sabji, to our heart’s content !

His house in Prabhat building on Khar Road,Bombay had a Music room on the ground floor,where he composed his most tunes during 1959 to 1990. During the early 60s upto 65,he was so busy with work that-according to his son Anand- at one time 4 Lyricists were writing Lyrics in his home,Anand Bakshi in Garden,Majrooh in a room,Rajendra krishna in the Music room and Prem Dhawan under a palm tree and Chitragupta used to visit one by one to see their progress !!

Chitragupta was such a simple person that when S-J demanded 5 Lakhs per film,he hesitated to ask for 50000 !

He remained a typical Gentleman till the end. He was expert in using Bihari folk tunes in his songs. He became the First MD of the First Bhojpuri film ” Ganga maiyya tori piyri chadhaibo’-1962. His main singers remained Lata, Rafi and Mukesh.

As far as singing songs is concerned, it was his hobby. He must have sung about 30 odd songs in 16 films in his career. Most songs were for S N Tripathi,who was his Guru in film Music. He gave music to 149 films, composing 1036 songs. His last film was Shivganga-1989.

Film Toofan Queen-46 was a stunt film, featuring Fearless Nadia, prakash etc etc. A lot has been written on Nadia here and on the Internet. I too have written about Nadia, especially, how I was able to meet her in Bombay during early 80s, in one of my earlier articles. So, today we will know more about the Hero Prakash.

The real name of actor Prakash was Hashmat Ullah Khan. He was born in 1914 at Gwalior, where his father was a businessman.The family was originally a Punjabi Muslim. Hashmat studied somehow upto Inter arts and left the college. He was an overactive child , interested in acting in films. Hashmat ran away to Bombay and worked in Sagar Movietone. He got a small uncredited role in film Village Girl-1936. Not satisfied with this, he travelled to Calcutta.

In Calcutta, Hashmat worked in 3 films-Taqdeer ka teer aka Premlakshya-36,Hawai Daku aka Bandit of the Air-36 ( this was the first film of K N Singh as a Hero. Mazhar Khan was the villain here) and Dangerous woman aka Khatarnak Aurat-38. He also got a miniscule role in New Theatre’s film Abhagin-38. Not getting what he aspired, Hashmat shifted to Delhi and worked in A.I.R. as a singer. True to his nature within two years he left this job and landed in Bombay again.

It is reported that he was very arrogant, untrustworthy and a cheat of first rate. It seems he was quarrelsome, a liar and short tempered. His experiences,perhaps, taught him a lesson and he decided to change himself and concentrate on work seriously. This did good to him in his life. In Bombay first he worked in Garib ki ladki-40, but the film got delayed and was released in 41 only. Meanwhile he did Rani saheba-40 and Pyar-40 also. This time his career took a good turn. Till film Garib ki ladki-40, he used his name Hashmat for credits, but then he took a new name Prakash thereafter till the end.

A changed actor Prakash became acceptable to the industry and films were on his way. In all Prakash did 5 films as Hashmat and 38 films as Prakash. However, he got only action, stunt and C grade films. Once director W Z Ahmed met him and Prakash went to Shalimar Pictures Poona to do 3 films for them, namely Ek Raat-42, Prem Sangeet-43 and Mann ki Jeet-44. He was also a favourite of Master Bhagwan and appeared in many of his stunt films. The year 1946 proved to be the best year for Prakash, because he did 14 films in 1946.

After Partition he migrated to Pakistan and did few films there. He came back to India and did 3 films in the 60s. His last film was Suhag Raat -68. There is no information about him after that. May be he went back to Pakistan or died, we do not know.

Now enjoy today’s song. It is very melodious. I consider Chitragupta as the King of melodious songs. His song is always a guarantee of melody, a good tune and suitable musical accompaniment. Too sad, he was not recognised for his abilities by the industry and he always remained in the ‘B’ team of composers. Nevertheless, one should learn from him, how to be happy and contented with whatever one gets from Destiny !


Song-Tan pinjre mein mann ka panchhi chahak chak kar boley (Toofaan Queen)(1946) Singer- Raajkumari Dubey, Lyrics- Shyam Hindi, MD- Chitragupta

Lyrics

Tan pinjre mein mann ka panchhi
chahak chahak kar boley
jiyara doley
doley
tan pinjre mein mann ka panchhi
chahak chahak kar bole
jiyara doley
doley

chhup ke dwaar
umangon ke koi
dheere dheere kholey
jiyara doley
doley
chhup ke dwaar
umangon ke koi
dheere dheere kholey
jiyara doley
doley

jinse naina lage hamaare
bade raseele bhole bhaale
jinse naina lage hamaare
bade raseele bhole bhaale
jinki soorat basi jiya mein
wo sapnon mein aane waale
jinki soorat basi jiya mein
wo sapnon mein aane waale
jinki ?? jhoom jhoom main
paaon ke ?? khole
jiyara doley
doley
tan pinjre mein mann ka panchhi
chahak chahak kar bole
jiyara doley
doley

jo mere man ke aangan mein
kehte hain nit prem kahaani
jo mere man ke aangan mein
kehte hain nit prem kahaani
wo hain mere man ke raaja
main bani unki deewaani
wo hain mere man ke raaja
main bani unki deewaani
madhur madhur jinki baani
kaanon mein amrit ghole
jiyara doley
doley
tan pinjre mein mann ka panchhi
chahak chahak kar bole
jiyara doley
doley


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3853 Post No. : 14865 Movie Count :

4065

Today’s song is from the film Maharathi Karna-44, a film produced by Prabhakar Films and directed by its owner Bhal G. Pendharkar. Lyricist was Pt. Shiv Kumar and the music was provided by K.Datta aka Datta Korgaonkar. This Mythological film had top class actors in its cast- Prithviraj Kapoor, Durga Khote, Leela Chandragiri, Shahu Modak, Swarnalata, K N Singh and many more in other roles.

During my journey of life, I have found that the common man ( of any religion) has very little knowledge of his own religion. Even most of the educated people have scant information about the basics in their religion. Probably Religion is considered as something one gets to know only in the old age, when nothing else is to do. Just to check this, ask anybody who was Vidur ( Uncle of Kauravas and Pandavas), who was Jayadrath ( Brother in law of Kauravas..Husband of Dushala) or even who was Mandavi ( wife of Bharata)and Shrutikirti ( wife of Shrutikirti). You can hardly find a person who can tell names of 4 Vedas ( Rigved, Saamved, Yajurved and Atharvaved).

This is not exclusive to Hindus alone. I asked some of my Muslim friends and they confided in me that they have never read the Quran. They only know Namaz. Christians too are in the same category. I do not say that everyone should be an expert in Religion. That would be too much to ask for, but I feel atleast a basic knowledge is a must. This is our Heritage and it is applicable to all religions equally.

While watching or reading about a Mythological film. the references and the contexts become easier to understand the story, if one has the basic knowledge. Today’s film Maharathi Karna is obviously about the character Karna. Instead of checking if one knows about him, let us have some information about him- a character from one of our Epics-Mahabharat. Karna represents a right person who was at the wrong place or the Good amonst the Bad. I sympathise with Karna, because I feel that he was forced by the circumstances to join the Evil Kaurav camp.

Karna also known as Vasusena, Anga-Raja, Sutaputra and Radheya, is one of the major characters in the Hindu epic Mahabharata. He is the son of Surya (the Sun deity) and princess Kunti (later the Pandava queen). He was conceived and born to unmarried teenage Kunti, who hides the pregnancy, then out of shame abandons the new born Karna in a basket on a river. The basket is discovered floating on the Ganges River. He is adopted and raised by foster Suta parents named Radha and Adhiratha Nandana of the charioteer and poet profession working for king Dhritarashtra. Karna grows up to be an accomplished warrior of extraordinary abilities, a gifted speaker and becomes a loyal friend of Duryodhana. He is appointed the king of Anga (Bengal) by Duryodhana. Karna joins the losing Duryodhana side of the Mahabharata war. He is a key antagonist who aims to kill Arjuna but dies in a battle with him during the Kurushetra war.

He is a tragic hero in the Mahabharata, in a manner similar to Aristotle’s literary category of “flawed good man”. He meets his biological mother late in the epic then discovers that he is the older half-brother of those he is fighting against. Karna is a symbol of someone who is rejected by those who should love him but do not given the circumstances, yet becomes a man of exceptional abilities willing to give his love and life as a loyal friend. His character is developed in the epic to raise and discuss major emotional and dharma(duty, ethics, moral) dilemmas. His story has inspired many secondary works, poetry and dramatic plays in the Hindu arts tradition, both in India and in southeast Asia.

A regional tradition believes that Karna founded the city of Karnal, in contemporary Haryana.

One of the cast was actress Swarnalata, who married director Nazir, converted to Islam and migrated to Pakistan after Partition. She was heroine of Pakistans first ever Silver jubilee film Pherey (1949. As heroine she was seen in movies like Laarey (1950), Sherhri Babu (1953), Heer (1955), Golden jubilee film Noukar (1955), Noor-e-Islam (1957), Azmat-e-Islam (1965).

She was character actress in movies like Sawaal (1966) and Dunya Na Manay (1971).

Sawarn Lata was born on 20-12-1924 as a Sikh and converted to Islam after she married prominent actor, producer and director Nazir. The first film they produced in Pakistan was Heer Ranjha, but film print was destroyed due to poor negative of the film.

Her converted name was Saeeda Bano, she was born in 1924 in Rawalpindi and died on February 8, 2008 at Lahore.

Before partition she worked in Awaz (1942), Ishara and Tasveer (1943), Bari Baat, Rattan, Swarn bhomi and Us paar (1945), Chand Tara, Laila Majnu, Preetima, Preet (1945), Insaaf, Maa Baap ki laaj and Sham Savera (1946) and Abida (1947).

Contrary to the prevailing custom of having around 10+ songs in a film, the composer K.Datta had only 6 songs in this film and rightly so as Maharathi Karna was a Mythological film. When the story is strong, there is no need of musical support to the film.

K.Datta or Datta Korgaonkar alias Anna saheb, was born in Sawantwadi in konkan area on 4-6-1908. He grew up learning to sing. His mother was a Bhajan singer. He started singing on stage during Ganesh utsav melas. He was called to Kolhapur in 1937 to give music to a Marathi film, Chandrarao Morey’-38. His first break in Hindi came in 1939 with Mera Haq,followed by Alakh Niranjan-40, Geeta-40 ( in Hindi and Marathi) and Yaad-42.

He first came face to face with Noorjehan in Naadaan-43. He was simply mesmerised with her voice and singing style. he composed 7 songs for Noorjehan. After doing Zameen-43 and Maharathi Karna-44, he again composed 4 songs for Noorjehan in film Badi Maa-45. He also gave a break to Lata and Asha to sing in a chorus with Noorjehan. It is very sad that initially, K.Datta’s name was not mentioned on the 78 RPM records of Badi Maa. Only on the ‘re-issue’ records his name came up.

His other films were Yateem-45,Shaahkaar-47,Rangmahal-48,meri kahani-48,Daaman-51,Gumaasta-51,Rishta-54,Harihar Bhakti-56 and Ajanabi-66. In all K.Datta gave independently music to just 17 films,plus one film Badmash-44,with Khan Mastana. His Marathi films were 12 from 1938 to 1965. After retirement in 1965,he spent his time in Bhakti, Pooja and Asrology. He used to have special Pooja on every Thursday,when Bhajans were sung. Many composers and other film industry people used to be his visitors. Naushad, C.Ramchandra, Madan Mohan, Sajjad Hussain etc were the regular visitors to Annasaheb. He died on 23-12-1978.

He was a Noorjehan believer to the core. To date K Datta remains the only top composer from Maharashtra to whom Noorjehan came first, Lata later. No one regretted Partition more than K Datta. Indeed, his creativity seemed to come to an end once Noorjehan left him high and dry by moving, with a song on her lips, to Pakistan. He once said, “Noor Jehan left for Pakistan and took my creativity with her”. The four Noorjehan numbers, as fashioned by K. Datta, are historically most important. Because it was hearing and absorbing these four nuggets of Noorjehan, while acting with her in `Badi Maa’, that Lata Mangeshkar learnt to shape her vocal technique. If Lata came to sound a Noorjehan replica for so long, the tonal base for this was laid, just imagine, by a robustly tall Maharashtrian from the ghats called K Datta in `Badi Maa’.The last number of Noorjehan fetched him the ultimate tribute from no less a movie stalwart than Mehboob Khan, who said: “Bhai Datta, yeh gaana to aap ne Khuda ke darbar mein baithe hue banaya lag raha hai” (“It sounds as if you created this song sitting in Allah’s abode”). K Datta used to play Ek anokha gham ek anokhi musibat ho gayi on a harmonium presented to him by O.P. Nayyar. How grimly significant that the one music director, O.P. Nayyar, who never in his life commissioned Lata, should have gifted that harmonium to the one Maharashtrian composer who believed only in Noorjehan!

Today’s song is a lovely song, with an excellent tune, sung by Rajkumari. With this song film Maharathi Karna-44 makes its Debut on the Blog.


Song-Suno suno hum tumhen sunaayen(Maharathi Karna)(1944) Singer- Rajkumari, Lyrics-Pt. Shivkumar, MD-K Datta

Lyrics

Suno suno
Suno suno
hum tumhen sunaayen
ae preetam chitchor
kahaani
suno hriday ke chor
Suno suno
hum tumhen sunaayen
ae preetam chitchor
kahaani
suno hriday ke chor

ik naari thhi bholi bhaali
pagli preetam ki matwaali
ik naari thhi bholi bhaali
pagli preetam ki matwaali
sunte ho
sunte ho kuchh saaj(?) piya ke
naari bani chakor
ae preetam chitchor
kahaani
suno hriday ke chor
Suno suno
hum tumhen sunaayen
ae preetam chitchor
kahaani
suno hriday ke chor

?? kali kali ka lobhi
sunte ho
aji sunte bhi ho
?? bhanwra nirmohi
nikla
hmm
ae preetam chitchor
kahaani
suno hriday ke chor
Suno suno
hum tumhen sunayen
ae preetam chitchor
kahaani
suno hriday ke chor

preet ki aag se bhi na pighla
preetam ka man patthar nikla
preet ki aag se bhi na pighla
preetam ka man patthar nikla
naari laakh jatan kar haari
chala na kuchh bhi zor
ae preetam chitchor
kahaani
suno hriday ke chor
Suno suno
hum tumhen sunayen
ae preetam chitchor
kahaani
suno hriday ke chor


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3813 Post No. : 14811 Movie Count :

4051

Today’s song is from an obscure old film of the first decade of the Talkie films- Snehlata-1936.

The song is sung by Rajkumari under the baton of Lallubhai Nayak. This Prakash Pictures’ film was directed by Balwant Bhatt-elder brother of another director Nanabhai Bhatt. The cast of the film was, Gulab, Jayant, Panna, Umakant, Shirin Bano, Rajkumari,Lallubhai etc etc.

When films started to be made in India, in the early part of the 20th century, only local talent was used,naturally. As the industry started taking a shape,it was seen as an opportunity to earn wages. It was also an industry which did not require high education, a better creed or a particular religion. All that was required was to look reasonably well ( even tolerable) and readiness to do work. When films were shown in villages towns and cities, it created a desire in the hearts of aspirants and a flow to the film centres like Lahore, Calcutta, Kolhapur and Bombay started.

The Talkie film set the norms for actors. for the main roles-good looks, ability to speak in Hindi and singing ability and for other roles-tolerable looks, readiness to learn and do hard work were the standards. Being Talkie, knowledge of speaking Hindi/Urdu became necessary. This automatically became an exit point for several European, Jew and Anglo Indian artistes who had dominated the silent films. Thus the gates now opened for Hindu and Muslim girls, boys and adults.

As the industry grew, opportunities and requirements increased. Aspirants from other than local stations started pouring in, making the film industry a true representative Of Bharat, that is India. people from far off places thronged to Bombay, Lahore and Calcutta. Bombay had artistes hailing from U.P., Rajasthan, Bengal, Punjab, Delhi in addition to Gujarat and Maharashtra. Some artistes came from obscure and far off places too.

Some such examples come to mind offhand are, Hero Vijaykumar came from Shimla ( later even Sheila Ramani also came from there), kamla Kotnis from Andhra, Ranjan from Tamilnad, A,K,Dar aka Jeevan and Chandramohan from Kashmir, Amirbai Karnataki from Hubli, Sarvottam Badami from Bangalore etc etc.

When actress Shyama Zutshi from Kashmir acted in films like Vishnu Bhakti-34 and Karvaan E Hayaat-35, there was a hue and cry. Famous actor Chandramohan – who too was from Kashmir-resented that women from Kashmir came into films and warned Shyama not to act in films and go back. Eventually, she left films and joined Politics with her father in Kashmir. She is popularly considered as the First Kashmiri girl in Hindi films- followed by Yashodhara Katju in the 40s and 50s. Now of course so many girls and boys are from Kashmir in films. However Shyama Zutshi was NOT the first actress form Kashmir.

The First actress form Kashmir to work as a Heroine in Hindi films was GULAB, who was part of the cast of today’s film Snehlata-36. Her real name was Saraswati Devi. She was born on 10-6-1908 at Jammu. She joined Krishna Film Company in 1924. Her first silent film’Krishna kumar’ came in 1925. She worked in 60 silent films. Her last silent film was ‘Dagabaz Dushman’-32, made by east India Film co.Bombay.

Her first Talkie film was Suryakumari-33, made by Vishnu Cinetone. It was directed by Dhirubhai Desai. She sang one song ‘more preetam jab ghar aaye’ composed bu Kikubhai Yagnik. Then came Baburao Patel’s ‘Bala Joban’-34, Sewa Sadan-34 and Nai Duniya-34 ( Debut film of Rajkumari and Jayant). In this film Gulab sang 2 songs.

Gulab was very beautiful and quite popular in film industry. Some of her films were Bambai ki sethani-35, Challenge-37, Bharosa-40, Pyas-41, Ek Raat-42, Station master-42, Gaali-44, Rattan-44, Mann ki jeet-44, Mirza Sahibaan-47, Lahore-49, Badi Behan-49, stage-51, Post Box 999-58, Chhabili-60 etc etc. She acted in 160 films. her last film seems to be Haqeeqat-64 ( stats from MuVyz)

The Hero of film Snehlata-36 was Jayant. I used to like his masculine, well built personality and resonant voice. Rugged type of roles ( like in Madhumati-58) suited him best. I wonder how this Pathan must have acted in love story films ! His real name was Zakeria Khan. His family was from Peshawar. he was born on 8-10-1915. Till he was 15 year old, his father Sardar S.A.Khan was a Sports superintendent in Alwar state. After schooling, Jayant joined Alwar state army as second Lt. After 2 years he quietly resigned and proceeded to Bombay to become an actor. His family was unaware of this.

For few months, he went from one studio to another looking for an opening. Finally Director Vijay Bhatt met him and took him in Prakash Pictures Gujarati film ‘Sansar leela’-33, which was remade in Hindi as Nai Duniya-34. After this no work for few months and he did smaller roles in stunt films- about 30 films. Director Gunjal advised him to shift to Social films and he did Mud-40, opposite Shobhana Samarth. Then there was no looking back. Films like Mala-41( which was remade as Amar-54 and Jayant had acted in it also doing the same role), Zevar-42, Daavat-43, Poonji-43, Shirin Farhad-45, Maa baap ki laaj-46, Shoharat-48 etc came to him.

Jayant did 105 films. He sang one song in film State Express-38 also. His last film was Insaniyat-74. Film ‘Love and God’ was released in 1986. Jayant had 3 sons- Amjad khan (Gabbar singh), Inayat khan and Imtiyaz khan. Jayant died on 2-6-1975….just 2 months before film ‘Sholey’-75 was released !

The film was directed by the elder brother of Nanabhai Bhatt- Balwant Bhatt. He was born at Porbandar,Gujarat 0n 13-1-1909. Balwant started his career by assisting Naval Gandhi in 1930-31 and then N.B.Vakil at Sagar Studios in 1932. He turned Director with the advent of Talkie films and joined Prakash Pictures with Actress-1934. His first film was Chalta purja-1932 and the last one was Nagin aur Sapera-1966. He directed 33 films,mostly stunt and C grade films. He directed some Gujarati films like Sansar Leela,Seth Sagsha,Diwadandi,Snehlata etc.He was the producer of Dillagi-1942,Gunehgar,Alif Laila etc. Diwadandi-1950 became famous for its song-” Taari aankhni afini”, sung by Dilip Dholakia with music by Ajit Merchant. His film Mordhwaj-52 was the Debut film for MD Narayan Dutt. Balwant Bhatt died on 7-2-1965,at Bombay.

Film Snehlata -36 was also made in Gujarati. In those days, the regional language film industries were not that developed, so bilingual film making was quite common. The film seems to have had 7 songs, but HFGK mentions only 4 songs-all sung by Rajkumari, who was a regular singer in that period. The film ‘which was also known as ‘Bharat ki Devi’ had all songs written jointly by brothers Vijay and Shankar Bhatt.


Song- Hai dhanya tu Bharat naari (Snehlata)(1936) Singer- Rajkumari, Lyricist- Vijay and Shankar Bhatt, MD- Lallubhai Nayak

Lyrics

Hai dhanya tu Bharat naari
mahima hai teri nyaari
Hai dhanya tu Bharat naari
mahima hai teri nyaari
Ganga ki si ujiyaari
tu Ganga ki si ujiyaari
Ganga ki si ujiyaari
?? tumhaari
?? tumhaari
?? tumhaari
mahima hai teri nyaari
Hai dhanya tu Bharat naari
mahima hai teri nyaari

tan man dhan unke charnon par
tan man dhan unke charnon par
tan man dhan unke charnon par
sachmuch toone waar diya
sachmuch toone waar diya
tan man dhan unke charnon par
sachmuch toone waar diya
preetam pag anuraagini toone
aisa adbhut pyaar kiya
preetam pag anuraagini toone
kaisa adbhut pyaar kiya
aa aa aa aa

????
charnon par balihaari
sab charnon par balihaari
sab charnon par balihaari
?? vibhooti aaari
?? vibhooti aaari
vibhooti aaari
mahima hai teri nyaari
Hai dhanya tu Bharat naari
mahima hai teri nyaari
tan man dhan unke charnon par
tan man dhan unke charnon par
tan man dhan unke charnon par
sachmuch toone waar diya
tan man dhan unke charnon par
sachmuch toone waar diya
preetam pag anuraagini toone
aisa adbhut pyaar kiya
aa aa aa
preetam charnon par balihaari
main akshay ki ??
??
??
mahima hai teri nyaari


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3767 Post No. : 14740

“Aabshaar”(1953) was produced and directed by Hasrat Lucknowi for Globe Pictures, Bombay. The movie had Nimmi, Ashok Kumar, Rajkumar, Shyama, Nigar Sultana, Om Prakash, Lalita Pawar, Kuldip, Tiwari, Shyam Lal, Iftikhar, Neelam, Chandni, Leela Pandey etc in it.

The movie had eight songs in it which were penned by three lyricists and composed by three music directors, with five singers lending their voices in these songs.

Two songs from this movie have been covered in the past.

Here is the next song from the movie to appear in the blog. According to HFGK, this song is a multiple version song. One version is sung by Lata and another version by Rajkumari. Sarshar Sailaani is the lyricist. Music is composed by Bhola Shreshtha.

Only Lata version of the song is available and it is a lovely song to listen to. I am sure Rajkumari version would sound just as sweet when we can locate that.
[Editor Note: The Rajkumari version of this song is also now uploaded by Sudhir ji.]

Only the audio of the son is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of the song.

[Lata Version]

[Rajkumari Version]

Song-Mujhko hai tujhse pyaar kyun (Aabshaar)(1953)Singer-Lata/ Rajkumari, Lyrics-Sarshar Sailaani, MD-Bhola Shreshtha

Lyrics

Lata Version
o o o
o o o
mujhko hai tujhse pyaar kyun
pyaar kyun

mujhko hai tujhse pyaar kyun
mujhko hai tujhse pyaar kyun
ye na bata sakoongi main
ye na bata sakoongi main
mujhko hai tujhse pyaar kyun
pyaar kyun

itni kathor preet kyun
preet ki hai ye reet kyun
itni kathor preet kyun
teri hamesha jeet kyun oon oon oon
teri hamesha jeet kyun
meri hamesha haar kyun
ye na bata sakoongi main
ye na bata sakoongi main
mujhko hai tujhse pyaar kyun
pyaar kyun

mehki hui hawa bhi hai
behki hui ghata bhi hai ae
mehki hui hawa bhi hai
behki hui ghata bhi hai
aise mein haaye dil mera aa aa aa aa
aise mein haaye dil mera
dhadke hai baar baar kyun
ye na bata sakoongi main
ye na bata sakoongi main
mujhko hai tujhse pyaar kyun
pyaar kyun
pyaar kyun
pyaar kyun

Rajkumari Version

mujhko hai. . .
tujhse pya..aar kyon

mujhko hai tujhse pyaar kyon
ye na bata sakoongi main
ye na bata sakoongi main
mujhko hai tujhse pyaar kyon

dil mein khayaal e yaar hai
dil mein khayaal e yaar hai
dil hai khayaal e yaar mein
dil hai khayaal e yaar mein
itna khayaal e yaar kya
itna khayaal e yaar kya
itna khayaal e yaar kyon
ye na bata sakoongi main
ye na bata sakoongi main
mujhko hai tujhse pyaar kyon

aankhen karo na chaar tum
aankhen karo na chaar tum
rooth rahe hain ?? tum
rooth rahe hain ?? tum
aaoge ek baar tum
aaoge ek baar tum
dil ko hai ye aitbaar kyon
ye na bata sakoongi main
ye na bata sakoongi main
mujhko hai tujhse pyaar kyon
ye na bata sakoongi main
ye na bata sakoongi main
mujhko hai tujhse pyaar kyon
pyaar kyon. . .

———————————————————
Hindi Script Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

लता की आवाज़

ओ ओ ओ
ओ ओ ओ
मुझको है तुझसे प्यार क्यों
प्यार क्यों

मुझको है तुझसे प्यार क्यों
मुझको है तुझसे प्यार क्यों
ये ना बता सकूँगी मैं
ये ना बता सकूँगी मैं
मुझको है तुझसे प्यार क्यों
प्यार क्यों

इतनी कठोर प्रीत क्यों
प्रीत की है ये रीत क्यों
इतनी कठोर प्रीत क्यों
तेरी हमेशा जीत क्यों॰ ॰ ॰
तेरी हमेशा जीत क्यों
मेरी हमेशा हार क्यों
ये ना बता सकूँगी मैं
ये ना बता सकूँगी मैं
मुझको है तुझसे प्यार क्यों
प्यार क्यों

महकी हुई हवा भी है
बहकी हुई घटा भी है
महकी हुई हवा भी है
बहकी हुई घटा भी है
ऐसे में हाए दिल मेरा॰ ॰ ॰
ऐसे में हाए दिल मेरा
धड़के है बार बार क्यों
ये ना बता सकूँगी मैं
ये ना बता सकूँगी मैं
मुझको है तुझसे प्यार क्यों
प्यार क्यों
प्यार क्यों
प्यार क्यों
प्यार क्यों

राजकुमारी की आवाज़

मुझको है॰ ॰ ॰
तुझसे प्या॰॰आर क्यों

मुझको है तुझसे प्यार क्यों
ये ना बता सकूँगी मैं
ये ना बता सकूँगी मैं
मुझको है तुझसे प्यार क्यों

दिल में ख्याल ए यार है
दिल में ख्याल ए यार है
दिल है ख्याल ए यार में
दिल है ख्याल ए यार में
इतना ख्याल ए यार क्या
इतना ख्याल ए यार क्या
इतना ख्याल ए यार क्यों
ये ना बता सकूँगी मैं
ये ना बता सकूँगी मैं
मुझको है तुझसे प्यार क्यों

आँखें करो ना चार तुम
आँखें करो ना चार तुम
रूठे रहे हैं ?? तुम
रूठे रहे हैं ?? तुम
आओगे एक बार तुम
आओगे एक बार तुम
दिल को है ये एतबार क्यों
ये ना बता सकूँगी मैं
ये ना बता सकूँगी मैं
मुझको है तुझसे प्यार क्यों
ये ना बता सकूँगी मैं
ये ना बता सकूँगी मैं
मुझको है तुझसे प्यार क्यों
प्यार क्यों॰ ॰ ॰


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3761 Post No. : 14734 Movie Count :

4027

“Ajaamil”(1948) was directed by Jamnadas Kapadia for Sanskar Chitra, Bombay. The movie had Umakant, Malti, Kanta Kumari, Narmadashankar, Kashinath, Bhimji Bhai, Chandrika, Shanta bai, Suresh, Manhar Desai etc in it.

This obscure movie had twelve songs according to HFGK. A few of these songs have become available on YT. Though HFGK is silent about the singers of all these songs, One can make out which song contain which voices.

Here is the first song from “Ajaamil”(1948) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Rajkumari. Lyrics are penned by Kavi Prabhulal Dwiwedi according to HFGK. Music is composed by Master Mohan junior.

It is interesting to note that the uploader of this song, well known record collector Mr Girdharilal Vishhwakarma mention the lyricist as S P Tripathi, an entirely different name from what is mentioned in HFGK. I have gone with the name provided by uploader.

Music is composed by Master Mohan Junior.

With this song, “Ajaamil”(1948) makes its debut in the blog. As many as 149 HIndi movies were released in 1948. With this song, “Ajaamil”(1948) becomes the 100th movie of 1948 to find representation in the blog. So this is yet another example of an “artificial” though significant landmark for the blog. 🙂


Song-Maanat naahin bihaari re (Ajaamil)(1948) Singer-Rajkumari, Lyrics-S P Tripathi, MD-Master Mohan Junior

Lyrics

Maanat naahin bihaari re ae
laakh jatan kar haari re ae
Maanat naahin bihaari re ae
laakh jatan kar haari re ae

jaaun jahaan main
sang sang doley
jaaun jahaan main
sang sang doley
madhur madhur sur
bain wo boley
naath hamaare
nain ishaare
lok ki laaj bisaari re ae
lok ki laaj bisaari re ae
Maanat naahin bihaari re ae
laakh jatan kar haari re ae

aap mahaawar mehndi lagaaye
aap mahaawar mehndi lagaaye
aap hi ang hamaar sajaaye
aap hi mohe paan khilaaye
haat se apne lagaayi re
haat se apne lagaayi re
Maanat naahin bihaari re
laakh jatan kar haari re

roothh jo jaaun
mujhko manaaye
roothh jo jaaun
mujhko manaaye
pair paden
aur binti sunaayen
nain neer se
dhoye charan mora
kare manuhaar wo bhaari re ae
kare manuhaar wo bhaari re ae
Maanat naahin bihaari re ae
laakh jatan kar haari re ae
Maanat naahin bihaari re ae
laakh jatan kar haari re ae


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3729 Post No. : 14670 Movie Count :

4010

Today’s song is from an old film School Master-1943. This was a Sun Art Pictures film, produced and Directed by the veteran C M Luhar. The Music director was Ninu Majumdar. There were 10 songs in the film. 5 were by Pt. Indra and 5 were by Pt. Bharat Vyas. Our today’s song is by Bharat Vyas. It is a duet sung by Karan Dewan and Rajkumari. The cast of the film was Jeevan, Maya Banerjee, Karan Dewan, Kaushalya,Gope, Rajkumari Shukla, Susheel kumar and others.

I have not seen this film, but have seen the same name film of 1959. I do not know if their stories were same, but the Hero was same- Karan Dewan. Actor Jeevan was in contract with Prakash Pictures during this period and was taken on loan from them officially for this film. The film of 1959 was a remake of a Kannada film of the same name made in 1958. The film was so popular that besides Hindi a remake in Telugu was made in 72, Tamil in 73, Malayalam in 64 and in Odiya in 85. It was also remade in Kannada in 2010. All these films had the same title School Master. The first Kannada film was inspired by a Marathi film ” Oon Paus ” ( ?? ???? ), which was, in turn, inspired by a Hollywood movie “Make way for Tomorrow”-1937. So much for the originality of Indian film makers !

Believe it or not,but LUCK plays a great role in Film Industry.

I am not talking about the ‘Rags to Riches’ or ‘Riches to Rags’ stories in the film industry. They are there,ofcourse,for everyone to see.

I am thinking about all those geniuses and and born actors,who could never make it to the top.I am thinking of those extras,who came all the way from far off places,with a dream in their eyes and finally ended up as ‘Junior Artists’ -a respectful term for Extras.

I am also thinking of all those Talented Composers,like Sajjad Hussain,Daan Singh,Vinod,Sardar Malik,C.Arjun,Shridhar Parsekar and few others,who,despite their Talents and art could never make it great in the Film Industry.

I am also talking about those superfine actors who were sensitive,talented,hardworking but could not make it to the Top in their lives.

I am also talking about those actors, who were very good looking, but not very good in expressions and acting,but still made it to the Top for some period.Those actors, after whom the producers were running with fat moneybags and those actors who got much more than what they actually deserved for their ‘acting’.

Interestingly,in each decade of the 40s, 50s and 60s there was at least one actor who had an extraordinary luck which took him to the top-but not for long.These actors worked with Top actresses of their times,got the best songs and films were made only for them.

In the 40s, it was KARAN DEWAN. he came to the Silver screen with Punjabi film ‘Puran Bahadur’,but it was Ratan -44 which made his life.The music of Ratan made history and he became a STAR overnight.He was a good-looker,but acting wise he was nothing.His luck was so strong that after Ratan-44,roles came to him in scores and he acted with the best Heroines of his days-like Nargis, Meena Kumari, Nalini Jaywant, Suraiya, Madhubala, Noorjahan, Munawwar Sultana, Swarnalata, Meena Shorey, Kamini Kaushal, Geetabali, Vaijayantimala, Sandhya etc etc….

Once his luck worn out, he had to work as a Production Manager with B R Chopra.When he died, only his colleagues from the Cine Artists’ Association, Chandrasekhar and Manmohan Krishna attended his funeral-nobody else from the film industry !

The ‘Chikana’ Hero of the 50’s was BHARAT BHUSHAN. Though he started with Chitralekha -1941 ( he was in the role of a disciple in the Ashram and was No 17 in the credits of the film!),he became famous because of the musical films of the 50s. He did about 180 films in his career and worked,without exception,with all leading Heroines of his times.he also got the best songs of the decade.
However he never won any acclaim for his acting skills.He always survived with best music and beautiful heroines. Once this supply receded,his days were numbered and he spent his last days in difficult times.

In the 60s and the third in this list was PRADEEP KUMAR,whose top period was late 50s and all 60s, though his last film came in 1994-2 years after his death. Acting wise he was most ordinary,but in looks he always looked Royal. Roles of Princes and Kings suited him best. I don’t remember the film name,but in one film he is shown begging on the road,but even there he was looking like as if he was the king of beggars ! He did many films as a Police Officer,but even in that role he looked a ‘Raees” policeman !

Handsome all Three-they also had one thing common amongst them- Their brothers produced many films (not all) for them, and everyone died in conditions not befitting their images.

Jaimini Dewan made films( including Ratan) for Karan Dewan.

R.Chandra produced films for Bharat Bhushan

and

Kalidas was the producer for many of Pradeep Kumar’s films.

Dewan Karan Chopra aka Karan Dewan ( 6-11-1917 to 2-8-1979 ) youngest of three brothers was born at Gujranwala, Punjab (now in Pakistan), British India. He studied in Lahore, where he became interested in Journalism and started editing a film magazine in Urdu, Jagat Lakshmi. One of the local distributors he met was Tarachand Barjatya, who was then the Manager of Chandanmal Inder Kumar’s distribution office at Lahore. Through his connection with Barjatya he landed in Calcutta, and in 1939, made his acting debut as Puran in the Punjabi feature film Puran Bhagat

Dewan started his film career with the role of Puran in Puran Bhagat in Punjabi in 1939 in Calcutta. It was produced by Raisaheb Sukhlal Karnani and directed by Roop K. Shorey’s father R. L. Shorey. His second film Mera Maahi (1941) was also a Punjabi film, directed by Shankar Mehta at Lahore and starring Ragini and Manorama. This was the movie in which he sang songs for the first time in the movies under the baton of legendary music director Shyam Sunder. Later, in Rattan, he sang for the first time in Hindi movies for Naushad. B R Chopra, then working as a film journalist in Lahore, helped Karan Dewan to get in touch with Devika Rani, who invited Dewan to come to Bombay. When this did not help Dewan get films, he taught “Urdu pronunciation to actors and actresses”.

In 1944, Karan Dewan acted in Rattan, a musical romantic drama, directed by M. Sadiq, which became one of the most popular films of that year. “A tremendous hit”, it paired Dewan with Swarnalata. His decisive film was Rattan (1944), which was produced by his brother Jaimini Diwan, and this movie had turned out to be the biggest hit of 1944. He also sang songs in this movie under music director Naushad, and his song “Jab Tum Hi Chale Pardes” became popular. He sang in films such as Piya Ghar Aaja (1947), Mitti Ke Khiloune (1948) and Lahore (1949). His other important films were Zeenat (1945), Lahore (1949), Dahej (1950), Bahar (1951) and Teen Batti Char Rasta (1953). Known as a “jubilee star”, about twenty of his films are stated to have been jubilee (twenty-five weeks or more) hits.

Dewan married co-actress Manju in 1944 following the release of Rattan, in which she had a character role. By 1966, he was working as a casting agent for the film unit of Maya (1966). He continued to work in the 1960s and 1970s playing supporting parts in films such as Apna Ghar (1960), Shaheed(1965), Jeene Ki Raah (1969) and Nadaan (1971), with the last film in which he was credited being Sohanlal Kanwar’s Atmaram (1979).

He worked in 73 films and sang 18 songs in 9 films. He worked with all leading actresses of his times,including Noorjehan and Nargis. At the end of his career, however, he was down financially and had to work as a Manager with B R Chopra’s company. When he died, except two workers of Cine artistes association, no one else from Film industry was present.

Film industry is one industry where men and women have to work together. Whether it is Actor-director or Singer-Composer, for the sake of work they have to spend much time together. No wonder then that Cupid does his work overtime. Sometimes there are mutual attraction and at times there are one sided fires burning. In most cases the one sided fire is extinguished in a very painful way, like what P L Santoshi faced with actress Rehana or the slap Sanjiv Kumar got from actress Nutan.

There were cases when love of Dilip kumar for Madhubala, died in the High court witness Box, when he gave evidence against her father in the ‘ Naya Daur ‘ legal case. Dev Anand’s love with Suraiyya ended happily for Dev Anand with him marrying Kalpana Kartik, but Suraiyya stayed “Unmarried”, in his ” yaad”, throughout her life. Here the villain was her so called ” Grand mother “, who actually was her own mother, as documented in the book “Stars from another sky” by Saadat Hasan Manto !

The successful 2-way traffic usually ended with a marriage. We can see marriages between producers and Actresses( Himanshu Rai-Devika rani and W Z Khan and actress Nina), directors and singers/actresses ( Nalini jaywant-Virendra Desai, Shaukat Hussain-Noorjehan, Geeta Dutt-Guru Dutt, Lalita Pawar-G.P.Pawar, Rattanbai-Hafiz Khan), Actors and Actresses ( Arun Ahuja-Nirmala devi, Snehprabha Pradhan-Kishore Sahu, Dev Anand-Kalpana Kartik, Dharmendra- Hema Malini, Rajesh Khanna-Dimple Kapadiya, Amitabh Bachchan-Jaya, Abhishek-Aishwarya, Kishore Kumar-Madhubala, Premnath-Bina Rai, Karan Dewan-Manju Desai, Marutirao Pehlwan-Tara Devi.)

There were some odd combinations like Satyendranath Athiah-Bhanu Athaiya (Lyricist-Costume designer),Lyricist-Singer (Amar Verma-Manik Verma), Singer-villain (Shakti Kapoor- Shivangi Kolhapure),Music teacher-student ( Roshan-Ira Moitra, Hemant Kumar-Bela Mukherjee, C.Ramchandra-‘Ben’ Ratan Thakur), and even a singer-Orchestra player (Vinita Amladi-Krishna Chakravarty) and lastly between singer-singers ( Jyoti-G M Durani, Gauhar Karnataki- Bal Gandharva). There were those pairs who were singers-actors ( Amirbai- Himalayawala,Rafiq Gazanavi- Anwari bai).

The interesting group, however,was that of Composer-Singers ( Sudhir Phadke-Lalita Deulkar, Asha Bhosle-R D Burman, Naashad-Premlata, Anil Biswas-Meena Kapoor, Pannalal Ghosh-Parul Ghosh, Khayyam-Jagjit Kaur, Ghulam Haider-Umrao Zia begum, Kamal Dasgupta-Firoza begum, Ninu Majumdar-Kaumudi Munshi).

Ninu (Niranjan) Majumdar was born on 9-9-1915 in a Gujarati Nagar Brahmin family of Baroda (Vadodara). Ninu was a pet name that he became famous by. His real name was Niranjan, which he later used as a pen name in his Gazals. His father, Nagendra Mazumdar made silent films. He was also a Music Director and Lyricist in his times. Ninu Majumdar’s name is variously written as Mujumdar, Muzumdar, Majumdar and Mazumdar.

After the early influence of Faiyaz Khan, Mazumdar’s search took him to various routes and he studied different kinds of music before he came into his own to become one of the first Gujarati Sugam Sangeet (light music) singer. He soon graduated to composing his own music and writing songs. Apart from classical music, the earlier influence was also of Ravindra Sangeet. This was at the time when Bengali language enjoyed prestige among Gujaratis of a kind that was comparable to the status of French among the English speaking nations. He grew out of it in a few years.

The more lasting influence on his music was that of folk songs and semi-classical music of Uttar Pradesh (U.P.) like the Hori, Chaiti, Barkha Biraha as well asThumri and Dadra. He learned these during his stint in U.P. where he did farming for some years and also kept in touch through association with people like Satyendra Trivedi, a connoisseur of music and the “Thumri Queen”, Siddheshwari Devi, a family friend and his wife Kaumudi’s Guru.

Ninu’s ambition, even when he started his schooling in music at Baroda, was to become a music director in films. From 1937 onwards he participated in light Gujarati musical programmes. He also produced several features for All India Radio. From 1954, Mazumdar worked with all India Radio in Mumbai for over 20 years as Light Music Producer. He would have liked to take part in Hindi programmes too but the shortage of Gujarati artists forced him to concentrate on programmes in that language.

When in charge of music for the newly launched Vividh Bharati, that had to compete with Radio Ceylon without using any film music (film music was not played on AIR for several years due to conflicts over contracts and royalties), he successfully produced programmes inviting Salil Chaudhary, Kanu Ghosh and others from Bombay Youth Choir or IPTA and using voices of Manna Dey and other well known artists. Later when the issue of royalties was settled between the film producers and AIR, Mazumdar was the first to produce the popular Jaymala Programme by interviewing eminent persons from the film industry.

A career in films was also cut out for Ninu Mazumdar, as his father, Nagendra Mazumdar, was a dramatist and film producer. Nagendra was not much of a musician but he imparted his son training in music from the very early days.

Ninu found the field restricted, in a way in films, because of the need of working at a very fast pace and with view to pleasing the majority among the public. Ninu tried to introduce a new trend in film music, that of, adding a classical touch by borrowing from the old masters like Surdas. These attempts met with considerable success in Gopinath, a picture in which Ninu had interest as a producer as well.

It was in films made in the forties that a young Ninu Mazumdar’s voice could be heard. He sang with Sardar Akhtar in “Uljhan”, with Amirbai Karnataki in “Paristan” and Meena Kapoor in “Gopinath”.

He provided music for Jail Yatra and Gopinath, two of the earliest Raj Kapoor films. It is well documented by now that the Yashomati Maiyase Poochhe Nandlala song in RK movie Satyam Shivam Sundaram is a direct lift from Mazumdar’s Aai Gori Radhika in Gopinath.

He also composed music for several Gujarati Films like “Jeevano Jugari”, “Okha Haran”, “Sharad Poonam” etc.

He sang and penned quite a few of his songs. Amongst others who sang for him were Meena Kapoor, Shamshad Begum, Geeta Dutt, Suraiya, Hameedabanu, Pradeepji, C.H.Atma, Ameerbai Karnataki, Raj Kapoor, Shankar Dasgupta, S.D.Batish, Lakshmi Shankar, Talat Mehmood, Siddheshwari Devi, Rajkumar, Nalini Mulgaonkar, Dilip Dholakia, Ajeet Merchant, Shobha Gurtu, Sarla Bhide, Lata Mangeshkar, Asha Bhosale, Manna Dey, Kishori Amonkar, Usha Mangeshkar, Leela Mehta, Premlata Naik, Kishori Ghia, Suman Kalyanpur, Kaumudi Munshi,etc.

Vetern composer Ninu Mazumdar passed away on March 3 2000. Some of his songs have become so popular that people often do not even remember who wrote or composed them.

He gave music to 19 Hindi films – Black out-1942,Amanat, Masterjee, School Master, Kiran, Paristan, Rangila Dost, Main kya karun, Gudiya, Jail yatra, Gopinath, Kuch naya, Aflatoon, Pul, Raj ratan, Ram Shastri, Teen Tasweeren, Bhai Saheb-54 and Punam ka chaand-67.

He sang 28 songs in 13 films and directed 1 film-Kuchh naya-48

His son Uday gave music to TV serial ” Buniyaad ” in the 80s.

The Director CHIMANLAL MULJIBHOY LUHAR ( 1901-1948) was a Chemistry graduate from Bombay University. He started writing as a critic and author in journals like Beesvin sadee, Navchetan and Bombay Chronicle. He joined film line as a lab Assistant in Kohinoor studios in early 20s. Soon he became a noted cameraman for several documentaries, with K.D.Brothers, Bombay,under a British cameraman of Prince of Wales’ official entourage. After a brief stint at Rajkot with Saurashtra Films and a longer one at Krishna Films-where he shot 20 films, he joined Sharada Studios with ‘Dagabaz Duniya-1926 and several stunt films by Master Vithal. He turned a producer for a few stunt films. Later he was a partner in Sharda films and a Director with Sagar Movietone(1934-1940). From 1941 to 46 he worked for Prakash Pictures. He directed Sassi Punnu-32,Silver King-35 Talash-E-haq (first film of Nargis, made by Jaddanbai)-35, Do deewane, Kharab Jaan, Capt. Kirtikumar, Dynamite, Kaun kisika, Sewa Samaj, Saubhagya, Darshan, Station master, School Master, Uss paar and Bindiya. He died at the young age of 47 years,in 1948. He had established his own production outfit ‘Sun Art Pictures’ in 1943, but he made only 3 films with it -School Master-43, Uss Paar-44 and Bindiya-46, before he died, after a prolonged illness.

I have heard 6 songs of this film and I was,honestly,impressed with the songs. There are 2 songs by Ninu Majumdar himself and 2 duets of Karan Dewan and Rajkumari. Both the duets are light comedies. With today’s song the film School Master – 1943 makes its Debut on the Blog.

(credits- HFGK,wiki, Prof.Yadav’s book, star portraits,encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, Filmdom-46, inhe na bhulana, Filmindia-43 and my notes)


Song-Mera khuli hawa mein bangla (School Master)(1943) Singers-Karan Dewan, Rajkumari, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-Ninu Majumdar

Lyrics

Mera khuli hawa mein bangla
mera khuli hawa mein bangla
bangle mein balam akela
kahaan hai meri banglewaali

kahaan hai teri banglewaali
pardesi des paraaya
jahaan teri kahin banglewaali

ho aisi banglewaali
ho aisi banglewaali
roop ho kaali
chaal matwaali
kahaan hai teri banglewaali
pardesi des paraaya
jahaan teri kahin banglewaali

bangle de(?) baanke sanwariya
bangle de(?) baanke sanwariya
?? aankh milaaye najariya
?? aankh milaaye najariya
hamre dil mein unki maala
unke munh mein gaali

kahaan hai meri banglewaali
bangle mein balam akela
kahaan hai meri banglewaali

dilon beech deewaar na kheencho
dilon beech deewaar na kheencho
phool chaaho to kaliyaan seencho
phool chaaho to kaliyaan seencho
aao pujaari khadi pujaarin
aao pujaari khadi pujaarin
liye prem ki thhaali
haan liye prem ki thhaali
haan liye prem ki thhaali

kahaan hai meri banglewaali
bangle mein balam akela
kahaan hai meri banglewaali


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3613 Post No. : 14408

“Toote Taare”(1948) was directed by Harish for Umar Khayyam Films, Bombay. This “social” movie had Sheikh Mukhtar, Shamim, Kanhaiyalal, Mridula, Murad, Putlibai, Sudhir, Babu, s Ghosh, Sultan, Shareif, Kanchan Kumar, Anwari Bai, Murad, Laddan, Agha Dehalvi etc in it.

The movie had eight songs in it. Four songs have been covered in the past. Here is the fifth song from “Toote Taare”(1948) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Rajkumari. Lyricist is not known (though there were two lyricists in the movie, viz. Anjum Pilibhiti and Rafiq Ajmeri). Music is composed by Nashaad.

I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Man mein laagi aag sajanwa (Toote Taare)(1948) Singer-Rajkumari, MD-Nashaad

Lyrics

man mein laagi aag
man mein lagi aag sajanwa
man mein laagi aag
yaad tihaari deepak raag
man mein laagi aag sajanwa
man mein laagi aag

bichhad gaye tum hamse mil ke
bichhad gaye tum hamse mil ke
man ke phool murjhaaye khil ke
man ke phool murjhaaye ae
jaag ke so gaye bhaag
sajanwa
sajanwa man mein laagi aag
sajanwa man mein laagi aag

mere jeewan raag tumhi ho o
mere jeewan raag tumhi ho o
sar ka mere taaj tumhi ho
sar ka mere taaj tumhi ho
tumhi se lagi laaj
sajanwa
sajanwa man mein laagi aag
sajanwa man mein laagi aag

aake sun lo o o
aake sun lo o o
baat hamaari ee ee
bat hamaari
aasu hamre yad tihaari
aasu hamre yaad tihari
kab tak khele phaag sajanwa
sajanwa man mein lagi aag
sajanwa man mein lagi aag
yaad tihaari deepak raag
man mein laagi aag sajanwa
man mein laagi aag


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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has more than 15300 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

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Movies with all their songs covered =1180
Total Number of movies covered =4215

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