Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Hemant Kumar songs’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4448 Post No. : 15901

Today’s song is from film Daku ki Ladki-54. I remember, there was a film in 1933 with the same title, featuring Sulochana, Dinshaw Bilimorea, Ghulam Mohd. Hadi etc. In that film, Ghulam Mohd. had done the role of the Daku, Sulochana was Daku’s Ladki and Dinshaw was the Police Officer.Ghulam Mohd. was known as ” The Prince of Imperial Film Company”, in those days.

Today’s film was made by Harish Productions. Naturally, the director and the Producer was Tara Harish only. Music was by Hemant Kumar. The cast of the film was Geeta Bali, Sheikh Mukhtar, Arjun, Shivraj, Rajan Kapoor, Mukri, Sankatha Prasad, Cuckoo etc etc.

The word “Daku” regularly appeared in the film titles right from the time Talkie films started. There were a total 32 films starting with the word Daku. When the film Daku ki Ladki came in 1933, as if to counter it, a film called Daku ka Ladka came in 1935. Thank God Daku’s family did not expand further ! Interestingly, there were 16 films based on female Dakus and only 7 films on Male Dakus. I wonder, what is the Hindi word for female Daku. A Dakin ? or a Dakuin ? or is it enough just to say He Daku and She Daku ? While female Dakus were honoured by calling them Daku Rani in 5 films and Daku Maharani in 1 film, the poor He Dakus had prosaic titles like Daku Bhupat or Daku Mansoor etc.etc.

When I took up discussing the 50’s film songs, I found that a lot of melodious and good songs to be yet to be discussed. Today’s song is one such song. To listen to Lata and Hemant Kumar is nothing short of a Bliss. Out of 2 such duets from this film one had remained to be discussed. In one of her interviews, Lata had said that she had always enjoyed singing duets with Hemant Kumar. She also said ” I used to feel as if some Sadhu was singing when I heard him singing a song”.

In the Costume drama Daku ki Ladki-54, Ravi Shankar Sharma was Hemant’s assistant in composing music.In few Hemant Kumar films, Ravi has sung songs, including this film. Later on when Ravi himself became a famous and successful composer, he made Hemant Kumar sing in his films. HK was a very respected person in the industry. When he came to Bombay his Hindi was not so good. Like all Bangla people, he had inherent difficulty in pronunciation of certain Hindi words. This was because, in Bangla language, there are no such sounds as plain ” A ” (अ ). So, Arun becomes Orun and Lata becomes Lota. With great practice and hard work, he improved his Hindi. Initially, even Geeta Roy had this problem.

In the cast of the film, you will see a name Shivraj. Not much is known about this good actor. Sometimes I feel some actors have such features that they are fixed for certain roles only and they are misfits in another role. For example, can you ever imagine Rashid Khan or Kanhaiyalal in a role of a sophisticated Millionnnaire ? Or Aruna Irani or Padma Khanna in a Mythological Devi’s role ? They may be good actors, but their physical features and style of acting restricts them to certain roles only. This is true even in case of big stars. Thus, Ashok Kumar became a laughing stock as Abhimanyu or warrier Humayun in full war gear.

The name SHIVRAJ in the cast always created curiosity in my mind. I had seen this actor in several films. I was unable to get any information on him anywhere. His role as the meek husband of Kaushalya (Manorama) in the film Seeta aur Geeta-72 is unforgettable. When I started work on this post, I tried again. This time I found an article – actually an Obituary – on him in The Hindu, dated 4-6-2017. Of course it described in it only about his different roles. From some other source, I got his date of Birth and Death and a little other information.

Shivraj was born on 11-6-1920 in Madhya Pradesh. His full name was Shivraj Pandey. After doing his graduation, he came to Bombay in search of a good job, but joined the film industry. To start with he worked in Minerva as an assistant in administration, He did some film roles too without getting credited. He left Minerva and got a role in the film Sarai ke bahar-47. This was a film made by National studios. His next films were Ziddi, Majboor, Batohi, and Asha all in 1948. Then there was no looking back. Shivraj acted in 212 films. He directed 1 film, Jaani Dushman-57. He retired from work in 2000, but his last released film was Yaar meri zindgi-2008. Shivraj died on 4-6-2017.

There is also a name Arjun in the cast. Now this is a ‘ Same Name Confusion ‘ artiste. Arjun was the Hero in film Malhar-51, opposite actress Shammi (Nargis Rabadi). His name is confused with Music director C.Arjun and many people wrongly presume that C.Arjun acted in the film Malhar. This Arjun is different. His name was Arjun Bakshi Gill. His first film was Naujawan-51, then came Malhar-51.Later he acted in Daku ki Ladki-54 etc. He wrote screenplays and went on doing small roles in films. He migrated to Canada and opened a Music shop. A RMIM member met him there, and recognised Arjun as Malhar Hero. Arjun died in 2001. His daughter Jyoti Bakshi was also an actress, who died in pitiable condition in 2003.

Finally, let us take a look at dancer Cuckoo.

It was 1944. The talkies were already around for 15 years. Devika Rani and Shobana Samarth had already established their glowing presence but it was still a time when nice girls didn’t even become leading ladies, let alone do roles where they had to wriggle their hips — however tastefully — and bare flesh, which at the time meant shoulders and maybe a bit of leg. At such a time, a pretty, fresh-faced Anglo-Indian girl with eyes that danced as enchantingly as her feet appeared in two films — “Pehli Nazar”- 1945 (in which Mukesh made his debut with “Dil Jalta hai toh jalne de”) and “Mujrim -1944.” The girl’s name in the film’s credits was listed simply as “Cuckoo.” Cuckoo was perhaps the first of the most well known dancing queens of Indian Cinema. She was born on 4-2-1928. Her predecessors were many, including a dancer called Azurie, who it is said Cuckoo modeled herself on. But in terms of the sheer body of work and its impact, Cuckoo would have to be the first among Hindi cinema’s dancing queens. It was with her that “cabaret” became an almost indispensable part of films made between the 1950s and 1970s.

Her debut in 1944 was an instant hit and in the space of just the next five years, she had appeared in an incredible 49 films, including Mehboob Khan’s “Anokhi Ada” (1948), H. S. Rawail’s “Patanga” (1949) and Devendra Goel’s “Aankhen” (1950). The only major filmmaker of the time who did not feature Cuckoo in his films was V. Shantaram. In a lot of her films, her role was just a song but its impact was so electrifying that distributors considered it almost as indispensable as the heroine. Like the Helen-Asha combination later on, in many of these songs, Cuckoo’s screen `voice’ was Shamshad Begum. Together, they were responsible for some unforgettable hits.

Mehboob Khan’s films proved to be the turning points in Cuckoo’s career. Her dance numbers in hisAnokhi Ada established her as the leading dancer of the time; and Andaz, a romantic melodrama featuring Raj Kapoor, Dilip Kumar, and Nargis, gave the dancer an opportunity to showcase her acting skills.During her peak period,she was getting Rs.6000/- per dance appearance.

Cuckoo remained the top dancer of Hindi films till she was displaced by Helen and such dancer-actresses as Vyjayanthimala.Cuckoo gave dances in about 76 films. Ironically, it was Cuckoo who had initiated a 13-year-old Helen into films as a chorus dancer.Cuckoo continued to dance until the beginning of the 1960s, the last few years as part of the chorus dancing.It has been recently confirmed that Cuckoo’s real name was Cuckoo Moray.Cuckoo died a slow lingering death, due to Cancer on 30-9-1981 penniless and unattended. No one from the Film industry attended her cremation. (Thanks for some information from Cineplot and from the book”Tujhe mere geet bulate hain” by Sanjeev Tanwar).

Today’s song is a delightful duet of Lata and Hemant Kumar. Let us now enjoy it….


Song-Nazron se chhup gaya hai taqdeer ka saweraa (Daaku Ki Ladki)(1954) Singer-Lata, Hemant Kumar , Lyrics-Kaif Irfani, MD-Hemant Kumar

Lyrics

nazron se ae
chhup gaya hai ae ae
taqdeer kaa aa savera

nazron se chhup gaya hai
taqdeer kaa savera
girta hai jo bhi aansu
leta hai naam teraa
ham rah gaye tadap kar
munh zindagi ne phera
girta hai jo bhi aansu
leta hai naam teraa
nazron se chhup gaya hai
taqdeer kaa savera

duniya mein ham ye kaisi taqdeer le ke aaye
tukde dil-o-jigar ke
ashkon mein muskuraaye
hansti hai mujhpe kismat
rota hai pyaar meraa

girta hai jo bhi aansu
leta hai naam teraa
nazron se chhup gaya hai
taqdeer kaa savera

aaja ki dil liye hai maayoosiyaan nazar mein
ek shamma jal rahi hai
teri yaad ki jigar mein
baaki hai har taraf ab chhaaya hua andhera
girta hai jo bhi aansu
leta hai naam teraa
nazron se chhup gaya hai
taqdeer kaa savera
girta hai jo bhi aansu
leta hai naam teraa


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4425 Post No. : 15845

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Blog 10-Year Challenge (2010-2020) – Song No. 64
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Ten years ago on this date (29 august 2010), as many as seven songs from seven different movies were covered in the blog. Here are their details:-

Blog song post number Song Movie-Year Remarks
2864 Haay mera dil le gaya koi aake ishaaron se Parbat 1952 Movie YIPPEED
2865 I love you O madam Dulhan 1958 5 songs covered (out of 8)
2866 Chaand ko dekho ji Chaand Mere Aaja 1960 6 songs covered out of 7. The seventh song too is apparently part of an already covered song
2867 Pyaase panchhi neel gagan mein geet milan ke gaayen Pyaase Panchhi 1960 5 songs covered out of 10
2868 Apni bhi kyaa zindagi hai niraali Aas Ka Panchhi 1961 YIPPEED
2869 Beta jamoore kah de duniya ko lalkaar ke Biraadari 1966 YIPPEED
2870 Chup ho aaj kaho kyaa hai baat Chhattees Ghante 1974 YIPPEED

“Dulhan”(1958) is still eligible for Blog Ten year Challenge” ten years later today (29 august 2020). The movie had nine songs in it and five of them have been covered so far.

Here are these songs of “Dulhan”(1958) that have been covered so far:-

Song Posted On
Jiyaa sharmaaye nazar jhuki jaaye 07.08.2010
I love you Madam Multiple version song 29.08.2010
Mooliram aur bhindimal ka nikal gayaa hai deewaala 14.04.2012
Mere gore gore gaal 25.11.2018

Here is the sixth song from “Dulhan”(1958) to appear in the blog. The picturisation shows Nirupa Roy leaving Raj Kaumar, but then changes her mind. Some dialogue from Raj Kumar are followed by a few lines of Hemant Kumar after which it is all Asha Bhonsle. P L Santoshi is the lyricist. Music is composed by Ravi.

HFGK mentions this song as a female solo, and the audio of the song is indeed a female solo song in Asha Bhonsle’s voice, but we can see from the picturisation that the song begins with Hemant Kumar’s voice. Remark in HFGK mentions that this song was sung by Hemant Kumar in a prose form. We can see that the picturisation combines these two seemingly separate songs to form what looks like a duet song. Incidentally, no records were made of Hemant Kumar version and it is there only in the picturisation.

Lyrics of this song were sent to me by Prakashchandra while BTYC details were provided by Avinash Scrapwala.

Lyrics of video link:(contains Hemant Kumar`s voice while the song begins)
video link:

audio link(does not contains Hemant Kumar`s lines)

Song-Rukne lage kadam aur…Kaise jaaoon main piyaa (Dulhan)(1958) Singers-Hemant Kumar, Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-P L Santoshi, MD-Ravi

Lyrics(Provided by Prakashchandra)

(dialogues)

rukne lagey kadam
aur jhukne lagi nigaahein
aasaan ho chali hain
ulfat ki apni raahein

kaissey
jaaoon main piyaa.aaa
moraa..aaa maaney na jiyaa
tooney mujh pe
na jaaney kaissa jaadu kiyaa

kaissey jaaoon main piya
mora maaney na jiya
tooney mujh pe na jaaney kaissa jaadu kiya
tooney mujh pe na jaaney kaissa jaadu kiya
kaissey jaaoon main piya
mora maaney na jiya
tooney mujh pe na jaaney kaissa jaadu kiya
tooney mujh pe na jaaney kaissa jaadu kiyaa

ye mulaaqaat kaissi hamaari huyee
ye mulaaqaat kaissi hamaari huyee
main to pehli nazar mein tumhaari huyi
tum to nikley balamwa badey hi chhaliyaa
tum to nikley balamwa badey hi chhaliyaa
kaissey jaaoon main piya
mora maaney na jiya
tooney mujh pe na jaaney kaissa jaadu kiya
tooney mujh pe na jaaney kaissa jaadu kiyaa

bairi duniya ki baaton mein aanaa nahin
bairi duniya ki baaton mein aanaa nahin
mujhe dil se kabhi tum bhulaanaa nahin
charnon mein tumhaari rahoongi rasiya
charnon mein tumhaari rahoongi rasiya
kaissey jaaoon main piya
mora maaney na jiya
tooney mujh pe na jaaney kaissa jaadu kiya
tooney mujh pe na jaaney kaissa jaadu kiya
kaissey jaaoon main piya
mora maaney na jiya
tooney mujh pe na jaaney kaissa jaadu kiya
tooney mujh pe na jaaney kaissa jaadu kiyaa


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4425 Post No. : 15843

Today’s song is from the film Hill Station-1957.

The peak of the Golden Era of HFM was in the decade of the 50’s. In this decade, probably all operating MDs gave their best songs and the ordinary, common music loving film goer did not know how much good music he could digest. For some, it was almost an indigestion with excessive indulgence in good, Divine music and this condition had no medicine. The music lovers had to endure and enjoy the excess provision of his choicest music.

1957 – what an year it was! The best year in the Golden Era! The best year in the 50s! The best year for melody and music! Such wonderful films came in this year!!! The lineup of 1957 films looks like the selection of the creamy layer in everlasting music – ‘Mother India’, ‘Pyasa’, ‘Tumsa Nahin Dekha’, ‘Bhabhi’, ‘Asha’, ‘Miss Mary’, ‘Naya Daur’, ‘Do Aankhen Barah Haath’, ‘Paying Guest’, ‘Nau Do Gyarah’, ‘Dekh Kabira Roya’. ‘Nausherwaan e Adil, ‘Gateway Of India’, ‘Hum Panchhi Ek Daal Ke, ‘Kathputali’, ‘Sharada’ . . . Films like Baarish, Ab Dilli door nahin, Abhiman, Bada Bhai, Begunah, Beti, Chhote Babu, Coffee House, Dushman, Johnny Walker, Miss Bombay, Miss India, Mr. X, Narsi Bhagat, Paak Daaman, Pawanputra Hanuman, Ustad, Zamana, Garma Garam had equally melodious songs like other films mentioned, albeit may not be so famous. Films produced in Madras were quite popular. AVM’s ‘Bhabhi’, ‘Miss Mary’ and ‘Hum Panchhi Ek Daal Ke’, Prasad Production’s first Hindi film ‘Sharda’, and MV Raman’s film ‘Asha’ played havoc with their captive audiences. Films from south somehow have always concocted a success formula, mixing comedy, tragedy, social message, excellent production values and above all superb music, which made their films very popular everywhere.

Satyen Bose’s ‘Bandi’ brought together all the three Ganguly brothers in one film for the first time. Later he would repeat this feat in ‘Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi’ in 1958. ‘Musaafir’, Hrishikesh Mukherjee’s first Hindi film as a director, was an experimental film depicting the phases of life – birth, life, death and rejuvenation, symbolically through a succession of tenants in a house on rent. Director Amiya Chakravarty’s competition with Gyan Mukherjee came to an end with his unexpected demise while the making of ‘Kathputali’ was in progress. The film was completed by Nitin Bose. (Later, Gyan Mukherjee also passed away while making ‘Sitaron Se Aagey’ (1958) which was later completed by Satyen Bose. Both films had the same story and same heroine).

With the musical blockbuster ‘Tumsa Nahin Dekha’ from Filmistan, Nasir Hussain introduced his own success formula of entertaining films and minted crores by repeating it several times, in a new garb. This film changed Shammi Kapoor’s luck, and made him an A grade actor. However, it did not much benefit the heroine Ameeta. She remained where she was – a second grade actress. Filmistan also released ‘Paying Guest’, with chocolate hero Dev Anand, with superb music and songs composed by SD Burman. Dev also featured in ‘Nau Do Gyarah’, another musical entertainer from Navketan, his home production company.

A surprise hit that year was the socio-religious film ‘Janam Janam Ke Phere’. The song “Zara Saamne To AaO Chhaliye” became the unexpected top song of the year and an iconic one at that! ‘Apradhi Kaun’ was genuinely an excellent detective story. Amiya Chakravarty’s ‘Dekh Kabira Roya’ was a hit due to its superb music, though its cast was quite ordinary. ‘Do Aankhen Barah Haath’ got the national award. Amiya Chakravarty and Gope passed away this year. Nimmi got married. Vividh Bharati started its broadcast on 3rd October 1957.

Compared to all these musical giants. today’s film Hill Station-57 was not at all comparable. MD Hemant Kumar gave music to 9 films in 1957 alone- must be his maximum for any year. Music Aficionados still debate vehemently whether Hemant Kumar was a better singer or a better MD. As MD, he gave music to 55 films, composing 423 songs. As a singer he sang 320 songs in 173 films. In 1957, while he gave music to 9 films, he actually sang songs in 12 films.

I have not seen this film – that time or even at a later time, because I was not a fan of Bina Rai or Pradeep Kumar. Produced by A A Nadiadwala, for the banner- Pushpa Pictures, this Social film was directed by Shakti Samant. In the cast were also, K N Singh, Maruti, Prtotima Devi, Krishnakant, Shyama,Sheela Vaz and many others, including a Dog named Tiger. I always wondered, how can anybody name a Dog as Tiger, when Tigers are never known to be named as Dog. And then, what’s the role of a Dog in a Social film ? Of course in some films, trained dogs do some story turning acts, as in film ” Hum aapke hain Kaun-94″

In Hindi films, there are some senior actors ( I mean, those who have been in films for more than 25-30 years), who remained quiet, without attracting much comments or getting even few lines in the film reviews. They came, stayed and went as quietly as they remained in films. Actors like Sankatha Prasad, Niranjan Sharma,Habib, Anwar, Shaikh, Shivraj etc etc. One such name was Krishna Kant.

The name of krishna kant or K K is known to many people. Krishnakant ( 15-9-1922 to 24-10-2016) was a noted character actor of long standing. His career spanned from 1943 to 1989, a whopping 46 years. After retirement he had settled in Surat, Gujarat. His life story has been made into a Gujarati book ” Guzra hua zamana” written by the famous author Shri Biren Kothari ji. He has gifted me a copy of this book. Reading this book takes you into those times.KK had a knack of telling the history in an interesting way, with a lot many photographs. Till the last day (94 years) his memory was excellent. During my visit to Surat in early 2016, I could not meet him, due to paucity of time. This will pinch me forever. Our Sudhir ji and Bakshish Singh ji met him, when they went to Surat to meet Harsh Raghuwanshi ji.

Krishnakant acted in 109 Hindi, 16 Gujarati, 2 Bangla and 2 English movies. He has also directed 2 Hindi and 13 Gujarati films. In addition, he was active on TV in his later years. He acted in 8 Hindi and 6 Gujarati serials and directed 3 Hindi serials. He also acted in 1 Hindi and 7 Gujarati stage dramas. Here is a short Bio data of him-

Krishnakant (15-9-1922 to 24-10-2016)
————————————-
Gujarati and Hindi actor and director born in Howrah, Bengal, as Krishnakant Maganlal Bukhanwala. Son of a textile engineer; educated in Surat and in Bombay. Obtained a diploma in radio and electrical engineering (1940); then joined the Rooptara Studio in Bombay, working in the sound department. Assisted Nitin Bose for five years, then worked with Arvind Sen on Muqaddar (also acting in it) and with Subodh Mukherjee (Paying Guest, 1957). First major acting role in Phani Majumdar’s Andolan; other notable roles are a paralytic in Amiya Chakravarty’s Patita and the villain in Shakti Samanta’s Detective. Left films in the late 50s to concentrate on Gujarati theatre work (e.g. Pravin Joshi’s Manas Name Karigar) mainly with Harkrishen Mehta’s group. Returned to cinema in the early 70s; turned to direction with Dakurani Ganga, adapting Mehta’s novel Pravaha Paltavyo. Directed a series of Gujarati films based on plays or films from other languages: e.g. Visamo is based on Harkrishen Mehta’s play, in which he acted the role of an old teacher, recalling Paranjpe’s Oon Paoos (1954) and Panthulu’s School Master (1958). Also adapted Anant Mane’s Manini (1961) as Maa Dikri. With these films he introduced a novel style of urban entertainment to Gujarati cinema, although relying on conventional reformist melodrama plots about the joint family, the generation gap and the exploitation of women. Also noted actor on Hindi and Gujarati television.

FILMOGRAPHY (* also d): 1943: Paraya Dhan; 1950: Chor, Muqaddar; Mashaal; 1951: Andolan; 1952: Daag; Tamasha; Zalzala; 1953: Patita; 1954: Baadbaan; Dhobi Doctor; Naukri; 1955: Faraar; Subse Bada Rupaiya; Ghar Ghar Mein Diwali; Seema; 1956: Sailaab; Jagte Raho; Patrani; Sudarshan Chakra; Dhola Maru; 1957: Agra Road; Bandi; Begunah; Hum Panchhi Ek Dal Ke; Yahudi Ki Ladki; Bhabhi; 1958: Ghar Sansar; Detective; Howrah Bridge; Mehndi; Parvarish; Post Box 999; Delhi Ka Thug; 1959: Insaan Jaag Utha; Satta Bazaar; Madhu; Ghar Ghar Ki Baat; Jaalsaaz; 1960: Jaali Note; 1961: Tanhaai; 1963: Jivno Jugari; Vanraj Chavdo; 1969: Do Raaste; Kanku; 1971: Duniya Kya Jaane; Hathi Mere Saathi; Pyar Ki Kahani; Sharmilee; Paraya Dhan; 1972: Mere Jeevan Saathi; Do Chor; Annadata; Gunsundari No Ghar Sansar; 1973: Gaai Aur Gori; Suraj Aur Chanda; Mr Romeo; Manchali; 1974: Parinay; Ajnabi; Trimurti; Vardan; Aarop; 1975: Anari; Kala Sona; Sant Surdas; 1976: Deewangee; Koi Jeeta Koi Haara; Sajjo Rani; Dakurani Ganga*; 1977: Jagriti; Kulavadhu*; 1978: Khoon Ki Pukar; Visamo*; Maa Dikri*; Ghar Sansar*; 1979: Sonba Ane Rupba*; 1980: Maniyaro*; Meru Mulande*; Jog Sanjog*; 1981: Hotel; 1982: Prem Lagna*; Dharmo*; Jawabdaar*; 1983: Main Awara Hoon; Poojana Phool; 1986: Teesra Kinara*; Chhota Admi*; 1988: Kharidar.

(adapted from Encyclopaedia of Indian Cinema).

Today’s song is a very good, typical Lover’s song by Hemant Kumar. The song had its own share of popularity for some time in those days. Now enjoy the song, with Nostalgia…..


Song-Wo khushnaseeb hain jinko yahaan qaraar mila (Hill Station)(1957) Singer-Hemant Kumar, lyrics-S H Bihari, MD-Hemant Kumar

Lyrics

wo khushnaseeb hain jinko yahaan qaraar mila
hamen to dil jo mila wo bhi beqaraar mila
wo khushnaseeb hain jinko yahaan qaraar mila
hamen to dil jo mila wo bhi beqaraar mila
wo khushnaseeb hain

mili hain pyaar mein dar dar ki thokaren hamko
mili hain pyaar mein dar dar ki thokaren hamko
lagaaye rakhte hain seene se har ghadi gham ko
jo khatm ho na kabhi aisa intazaar mila
hamen to dil jo mila wo bhi beqaraar mila
wo khushnaseeb hain

sitam hai gham ke samandar mein har khushi doobi
sitam hai gham ke samandar mein har khushi doobi
hamaare ashq mein khud apni zindagi doobi
sahaara de koi aisa na ek baar mila
hamen to dil jo mila wo bhi beqaraar mila
wo khushnaseeb hain jinko yahaan qaraar mila
hamen to dil jo mila wo bhi beqaraar mila
wo khushnaseeb hain


This article is written by Avinash Scrapwala, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4423 Post No. : 15840

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Blog 10-Year Challenge (2010-2020) – Song No.61
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Here, we move on to the second and last movie eligible today for the ‘Blog Ten-Year Challenge’.
The movie is ‘Sahaaraa-1958’.

As discussed in earlier post today the other movies represented today ten years back were as under;

Song Movie title-Year Remarks
Ritu aaye ritu jaaye duniyaa rang badalti hai Sahaaraa-1958 07 songs posted
Dil se dil takraaye Love Marriage-1959 All songs covered
Matwaali naar thumak thumak chali jaaye Ek Phool Chaar Kaante-1960 All songs covered
Phir ek baar kaho Maayaa-1961 All songs covered
Dekhi anaadi teri preet Biraadari-1966 All songs covered
Kaun sunegaa kisko sunaayen Sautan Ki Beti-1989 01 song posted

“Sahaara”(1958) had ten songs in it, including one three version song. Two parts of that three version song is covered in the blog in this post. One of its versions could not be covered because that version does not seem to be available. Counting the two versions as two separate songs (as is the case in HFGK), the seven posts in the blog have covered eight songs from the movie so far. The fact that this is a three version song was discovered by me while going through the HFGK entries for this movie. The entries of this song has been updated accordingly, by adding part 3 of this song there. Part 2 ‘Aaghaz muhabbat ki baaten kya faydaa ab dohraane se’ appearently is not available as of now.

Here are the details of the eight songs from “Sahaara”(1958) discussed so far in the blog:-

Song Posted On Remarks
So jaa dukhiyaare 24.06.2009
Ritu aaye ritu jaaye duniyaa rang badalti hai 27.08.2010
Billi bajaaye baajaa 26.11.2010
Andhhon se dayaa karnaa daataa 12.12.2010
Mujhe tarke taalluk ke liye samjhaaya jaata hai 12.12.2011 Three part song, one part unavailable
Chham chham chham chham chale wo maa 16.06.2015
Ban ke suhaagan rahi abhaagan 18.12.2016

We can see that the movie made its debut on the blog on 24.06.2009 i.e. more than eleven years ago.

Well, when I noticed that the music director of this movie is Hemant Kumar and moreover lyrics were written by Bharat Vyas I was more than happy to take a song for presentation and do not want to miss this opportunity (because of special reasons 😊 which is the matter of another post, so keep visiting the blog 😊).

“Sahaaraa-1958’ was directed by Lekhraj Bhakri for ‘Tasviristaan, Bombay’. It was produced by Kuldeep Sehgal. The movie had Meena Kumari, M. Rajan, Daisi Irani, Manoj Kumar, Geeta Sinha, Kuldeep Kaur, Kanhaiyalal, Badri Prasad Leela Mishra, Sundar, Niranjan Sharma, Sagar, Rinku, Shakeel Nomani, Khanna, Black & White, Kardar, Ameer Banu, Chandabai, Sadhna, Maya Das, Kanchanmala and others.The movie was passed by Censor Board on 08.08.1958.

Music of this movie was composed by Hemant Kumar. And lyrics for all the ten songs were written by Bharat Vyas.

The song under discussion is sung by Protima Bannerjee and composed by Hemant Kumar.

Lyrics of this song reminds me of another such song from the movie ‘Jai Santoshi Maa-1975’ – ‘jo dukh se ghabra jaaye wo nahin hind ki naari’. I think we have many songs in Hindi movies falling in this category where the ‘Bhartiya Naari’ is eulogized for her strength and sacrifices for the sake of her family. Today’s song happens in this situation in the movie.

The song is a background song where Meena Kumari can be seen travelling in a ‘bullock-cart’ returning from her ‘In-Laws house’, where her father in law requested her to suffer for the mistake of his own daughter to save his ‘prestige’ in the society …

I have not watched the full movie so can’t say much about it and its other songs …

If we can locate the missing part of the three part song then this song would see the movie getting YIPPEED. But seeing that one part of the song remains uncovered, this movie too remains technically unYIPPEED.


Song-Har dukhda sahnewaali munh se na kuchh kahnewaali(Sahaara)(1958) Singers-Hemant Kumar, Protima Bannerjee, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-Hemant Kumar
Both

Lyrics

har dukhdaa sahnewaali
munh se naa kuchh kehnewaali
har dukhdaa sahnewaali
munh se na kuchh kehnewaali
tyaag aur sewa mein
jo duniyaa se nyaari hai
haan aa aa aa
tyaag aur sewa mein
jo duniyaa se nyaari hai

dharti si dheeraj waali
ye bharat ki naari hai
bharat ki naari hai
bharat ki naari hai

ghar ki laaj ko dharm jo samjhe
karam kare sukhkaari ee
angaaron mein kood pade jo
samajh use phulwaari ee
ghar ki laaj ko dharm jo samjhe
karam kare sukhkaari ee
angaaron mein kood pade jo
samajh usey phulwaari ee

ho o o o aa aa
har aansoo peenewaali
honthon ko seenewaali

mar mar kar jeenewaali
aisi sannaari hai
haan aa aa aa
mar mar kar jeenewaali
aisi sannaari hai

dharti si dheeraj waali
ye bharat ki naari hai
bharat ki naari hai
bharat ki naari hai

gangaa si nirmal hai jiski
jamuna jaisi kaayaa aa
aisi devi apne sar par
le le dosh paraayaa aa
gangaa si nirmal hai jiski
jamuna jaisi kaayaa aa
aisi devi apne sar par
le le dosh paraayaa aa

ho o o o o aa
qurbaani karnewaali
hans hans kar marnewaali

jiske balidaanon ke aagey
duniyaa haari hai
haan aa aa aa
jiske balidaanon ke aagey
duniyaa haari hai ae

dharti si dheeraj waali
ye bharat ki naari hai
bharat ki naari hai
bharat ki naari hai
har dukhdaa sahnewaali
munh se naa kuchh kehnewaali
tyaag aur sewa mein
jo duniyaa se nyaari hai
aa aa aa aa
tyaag aur sewa mein
jo duniyaa se nyaari hai

dharti si dheeraj waali
ye bharat ki naari hai
bharat ki naari hai
bharat ki naari hai

—————————————
Devnagri Script lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
—————————————-
हर दुखड़ा सहनेवाली
मुंह से ना कुछ कहनेवाली
हर दुखड़ा सहनेवाली
मुंह से ना कुछ कहनेवाली
त्याग और सेवा में
जो दुनिया से न्यारी है
हाँ आ आ आ
त्याग और सेवा में
जो दुनिया से न्यारी है

धरती सी धीरज वाली
ये भारत की नारी है
भारत की नारी है
भारत की नारी है

घर की लाज को धर्म जो समझे
करम करे सुखकारी ई
अंगारों में कूद पड़े जो
समझ उसे फूलवारी ई
घर की लाज को धर्म जो समझे
करम करे सुखकारी ई
अंगारों में कूद पड़े जो
समझ उसे फूलवारी ई

हो ओ ओ ओ आ आ
हर आँसू पीनेवाली
होंठों को सीनेवाली

मर मर कर जीनेवाली
ऐसी सन्नारी है
हाँ आ आ आ
मर मर कर जीनेवाली
ऐसी सन्नारी है

धरती सी धीरज वाली
ये भारत की नारी है
भारत की नारी है
भारत की नारी है

गंगा सी निर्मल है जिसकी
जमुना जैसी काया आ
ऐसी देवी अपने सर पर
ले ले दोष पराया आ
गंगा सी निर्मल है जिसकी
जमुना जैसी काया आ
ऐसी देवी अपने सर पर
ले ले दोष पराया आ

हो ओ ओ ओ ओ आ
कुर्बानी करनेवाली
हंस हंस कर मरनेवाली

जिसके बलिदानों के आगे
दुनिया हारी है
हाँ आ आ आ
जिसके बलिदानों के आगे
दुनिया हारी है

धरती सी धीरज वाली
ये भारत की नारी है
भारत की नारी है
भारत की नारी है
हर दुखड़ा सहनेवाली
मुंह से ना कुछ कहनेवाली
त्याग और सेवा में
जो दुनिया से न्यारी है
आ आ आ आ
त्याग और सेवा में
जो दुनिया से न्यारी है

धरती सी धीरज वाली
ये भारत की नारी है
भारत की नारी है
भारत की नारी है


This article is written by Avinash Scrapwala, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4416 Post No. : 15821

“Jagadguru Shankaracharya-1955” was directed by S. Fattelal for ‘Celestial Pictures, Bombay’. It had Abhi Bhattacharya, Sulochana Chatterjee, Asha Mathur, Sapru, Krishnakumari, Ramesh Sinha, Durga Khote, Baby Nanda, Kanchanmala, Arvind Pandya, Helen, Sheri Mohan, Madhvi, Mohini, Lotan, Eruch Tarapur, C.J. Pande, Devchand, Natwar Chauhan, Champak Lala and others.

This movie had nine songs (as per HFGK- Vol-III, 1951-1960) written by Bharat Vyas and composed by Avinash Vyas. Asha Bhonsle, Geeta Dutt, Hemant Kumar, Lata Mangeshkar, Manna Dey, Mohd Rafi and Pinakin Shah had given their voices to the songs in this movie. This movie was passed by Censor Board on 12.11.1955.

So far, only two songs from this movie have been posted on the blog.

Song Date of posting
Hey ji Natwar naagar murli adhar dhar 07.10.2012
Jaago hey jaago jaago hey mahaakaal 14.11.2013

Today 20th August is the thirty-sixth ‘Remembrance anniversary’ of music director Avinash Vyas ((21 July 1912 – 20 August 1984). On this occasion here is a song from ‘Jagadguru Shankaracharya-1955’ sung by Hemant Kumar and composed by Avinash Vyas. Lyrics are by Bharat Vyas ji.

After getting associated with this blog I had got many opportunities to listen and share the songs composed by Avinash Vyas ji.

I was not aware of his work or rather his great work to the contribution of Hindi Cinema and Gujarati Cinema and Non-Film music in Gujarati. During the preparation of this post I came across this article by A.M. Vaishnav ji on ‘songs of yore’ here and also there I found comments by our Arun ji giving a brief about Avinash Vyas ji which I am reproducing below;

His full name was AVINASH ANANDRAI VYAS. His wife Sulochana Vyas was a singer and son Gaurang was/is a Music Director.
He was a multifaceted personality. he was a composer, lyricist, playback singer and writer too. In fact, he has written 75 Dance Ballets, in few of which Asha Parekh has also danced. he published 6 books in Gujrati, the last being” Vartul”-1983.
he gave music to 53 Hindi and 175 Gujrati films and 1 Rajasthani film. he got Gujrat Govt awards 10 times. The Sangeet Natak Academy of Gujrat gave him an award. He was given Padmashree in 1970. he made 8 Foreign stage shows. he had acted in a Gujrati film,” Gorakhdhanda”-1949.
His most famous film Har har Mahadev-1950 is also my favourite one.
Though neglected in Hindi, he was honoured suitably in Gujrat, in his life time.

Additional information-
Avinash Vyas collaborated with great songwriters like Qamar Jalalabadi, Madan, Prem Dhawan, Pradeep Patel, Gopal Singh Nepali, Badrinath Vyas, Sadiq Lakhnavi, Devendra, Pt. Sagar, Indeevar, Nilkanth Tiwari, Sagar Husain, Qamar Jalalabadi, Kavi Pradeep, Saraswati Kumar Deepak, Bharat Vyas, B. P. Bhargav, Raja Nene, Ramesh Gupta, Shamim Jaipuri, Indra Chandra, Raja Mehdi Ali Khan, Pt. Mukhram Sharma, Pt. Madhur and Ramesh Shastri.
Avinash’s compostitions were sung by the melodious voices of great singers like Mohammed Rafi, Suman Hemadi Kalyanpur, Anand Kumar Chitragupta, Badrinath Vyas, Dilraj Kaur, Sulochana Kadam, Asha Bhosle, Shamshad Begum, Manna Dey, Mukesh, Geeta Dutt, Hemant Kumar, Talat Mehmood, Kishore Kumar, Meena Kapoor, Ameerbai Karnataki, Krishna Kalle, Mahendra Kapoor, Madhubala Zaveri, , Mohan Tara, Lata Mangeshkar, Sudha Malhotra, S. Balbir, Husn Ara, Kavi Pradeep and Usha Mangeshkar.

I am sure Arun ji must have written in details about Avinash Vyas ji on this blog too, but I have to find and read that post.

In my childhood I must have watched many black & white Hindi movies where music was composed by Avinash Vyas, unaware of who the music director was. However, the song ‘tere dwaar khadaa bhagwaan’ from ‘Waaman Avtaar-1955’ is my all-time favorite and I would also like to mention the songs from ‘Chakradhaari-1954’ which I watched during my stay at Nagpur (exactly four years back around this time i.e. 15/16 August’2016) where I liked all the wonderful songs this movie has.

Paying our tributes to the music director Avinash Vyas today, let us now listen to today’s song …


Song-Bade bade dhoondhhe pahaad aur kan mein dhoondhna bhool gaye (Jagadguru Shankaracharya)(1955) Singer-Hemant Kumar, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-Avinash Vyas

Lyrics

bade bade dhoondhe pahaad
aur kan mein dhoondhnaa bhool gaye ae
kan mein dhoondhnaa bhool gaye ae

bade bade dhoondhe pahaad
aur kan mein dhoondhnaa bhool gaye ae
bhole bhakt bhagwaan ko apne
man mein dhoondhnaa bhool gaye ae
man mein dhoondhnaa bhool gaye
bade bade dhoondhe pahaad
aur kan mein dhoondhnaa bhool gaye
bhole bhakt bhagwaan ko apne
man mein dhoondhnaa bhool gaye ae
man mein dhoondhnaa bhool gaye ae

bade bade pothe padh padh ke
bante ho vidwaan
raamaayan mahaabharat dhoondhi
dhoondhe ved puraan
dhoondhe ved puraan
par apne saans ki chhoti si
dhadkan mein dhoondhnaa bhool gaye
bhole bhakt bhagwaan ko apne
man mein dhoondhnaa bhool gaye ae
man mein dhoondhnaa bhool gaye

saanjh savere jamunaa jal se
ragad ragad tan dhote
aur use dhoondhne
ganga ji mein lagaa rahe ho gotey ae ae
lagaa rahe ho gotey
par kisi deen ki ankhiyan ke
ansuwan mein dhoondhna bhool gaye
bhole bhakt bhagwaan ko apne
man mein dhoondhnaa bhool gaye ae
man mein dhoondhnaa bhool gaye
bade bade dhoondhe pahaad
aur kan mein dhoondhnaa bhool gaye
bhole bhakt bhagwaan ko apne
man mein dhoondhnaa bhool gaye ae
man mein dhoondhnaa bhool gaye

———————————————–
Devnagri Script lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
———————————————-
बड़े बड़े ढूंढे पहाड़
और कण में ढूंढना भूल गए ए
कण में ढूंढना भूल गए ए

बड़े बड़े ढूंढे पहाड़
और कण में ढूंढना भूल गए ए
भोले भक्त भगवान् को अपने
मन में ढूंढना भूल गए ए
मन में ढूंढना भूल गए

बड़े बड़े ढूंढे पहाड़
और कण में ढूंढना भूल गए ए
भोले भक्त भगवान् को अपने
मन में ढूंढना भूल गए ए
मन में ढूंढना भूल गए ए

बड़े बड़े पोथे पढ़ पढ़ के
बनते हो विद्वान्
रामायण महाभारत ढूंढी
ढूंढें वेद पुराण
ढूंढें वेद पुराण
पर अपने सांस की छोटी सी
धड़कन में ढूंढना भूल गए
भोले भक्त भगवान् को अपने
मन में ढूंढना भूल गए ए
मन में ढूंढना भूल गए

सांझ सवेरे जमुना जल से
रगड़ रगड़ तन धोते
और उसे ढूंढने
गंगा जी में लगा रहे हो गोते ए
लगा रहे हो गोते
पर किसी दीन की अंखियन के
अंसुवन में ढूंढना भूल गए
भोले भक्त भगवान् को अपने
मन में ढूंढना भूल गए ए
मन में ढूंढना भूल गए
बड़े बड़े ढूंढे पहाड़
और कण में ढूंढना भूल गए
भोले भक्त भगवान् को अपने
मन में ढूंढना भूल गए ए
मन में ढूंढना भूल गए


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day:

4363 Post No. : 15689

I do not remember when was the last time that I wrote about a NFS. I guess it might have been about 4-5 years ago. There is no specific reason for this gap. I came across a good NFS by Hemant kumar-my favourite singer- that prompted me to take it up for discussion today.

1936 to 1956 was a period when NFS were very very popular, not only in India, but wherever in the world Indian population lived. In western Music, NFS has been a routine since the beginning. For India, where different types of Music existed, it was not possible for one type of music to be popular all over the country. In olden days, like in the period of 1900 to 1940s, the Royalties of various states, depending upon the King’s or the Nawab’s liking and understanding, gave support to Classical music or Ghazals etc. Many Classical singers and Ghazal singers won the Patronage of different states. For the common public, there used to be Jalsas, stage shows or Mushayaras etc. The audience used to be different for each type of singing.

It was somewhere in the mid 1930s when an enterprising pair of a writer and a Musician decided to promote a new type of presentation – singing of Geets. Geet was a type of song which existed in Poetry, but it was not connected with Music in any way. Poet Lyricist Faiyyaz Hashmi and Musician Kamal Dasgupta identified a few aspiring singers and recorded Hashmi’s Geets in their voice. Probably the first ever such Non Filmi Song – a Geet – came out as a 78 RPM record. From 1934 to 1945, this pair (Faiyyaz and Kamal) made NFS extremely popular all over the country. For their 400 recorded songs (in Bangla and Hindi), they selected singers like Jagmohan, Pankaj Mullick, Talat Mahmood, Juthika Roy, Hemant Kumar and few others to sing these Non Film Songs. The NFS thus got established.

Those readers, who are in the age bracket of 60 to 85, will surely remember the popular NFS during their younger days. Sometimes the sales of such NFS exceeded even the popular Film songs! These NFS were popular from Kashmir to Kanyakumari, irrespective of the language barrier. Some of the popular NFS of yore were by Hemant Kumar, Geeta Dutt, Juthika Roy, Jagmohan, K L Saigal, Pankaj Mullick etc. Seeing the popularity of these NFS, even the Film Singers cut their NFS records. Some of them were Lata, Asha, Rafi, Mukesh, Shamshad Begum, Manna Dey, Laxmi Shankar, Jaddan bai, Noorjehan and even Indurani etc etc. These lists are only indicative and not exhaustive.

Today’s NFS is sung by Hemant Kumar (16.6.1920 – 26.9.1989). Hemant Kumar was very fond of singing from his childhood. While in school, one day, one teacher was absent and the period was blank. The boys started pressing HK to sing a song. He too, enthusiastically started singing and all the students started beating the benches to give ‘ music’ to his song. All this commotion went to the Head Master’s room. He came and Hemant was sent home immediately. Next day, his parents met the Headmaster, said sorry and Hemant was allowed in the school again. While he was in H.S.C. he got a call from A.I.R to sing songs.

After HSC, he joined Engineering college, but after an year, he left it and started singing. Columbia cut his few records in Bangla. Then came Bangla film playback singing in film “Nimai Sanyas”. In 1942 he gave a playback in hindi film ‘Meenakshi’-42, under the baton of Panbkaj Mullick. However there was no record issued. In film ‘Irada’-44, Pt. Amarnath gave him an opportunity to sing.

After film ‘Anand Math’-52, he came into Hindi films as an MD. He continued to sing songs even for any MD, who wanted him. Thus he sang more songs for other MDs than for his own films as MD ! On Lata’s insistence, he sang Marathi Koli Geet and some film songs too, in Marathi. He also sang in Gujarati, Punjabi,Oriya and Assamese language films. Vishwa Bharati gave him D.Litt. Sangeet Natak Akademi awarded him in 87. He refused Padmashree and later Padma Bhushan awards.

Today’s song is written by Fayyaz Hashmi, with music by Kamal Dasgupta. This must have been recorded sometime in the early 40s. This song is included in the 1961 LP No.33 E Sx 4252 ” Geets of Hemant Kumar.”

In the 1940s, Kamal Dasgupta was a star composer. He had many firsts to his name. He was the most educated man across the industry in those days. He came to the rescue of singers who were trying to break into the music world. He gave music in the most successful films of the 40s. The sale of his private records touched an all-time high. Yet the man behind many unforgettable melodies has been forgotten.

Kamal was born on July 28, 1912, in Kalia village in the district of Jasore, then in British India (now in Bangladesh). He was initiated into music by his father Prashanna Dasgupta. He later learnt it from his brother Bimal Dasgupta. Afterwards, he became a disciple of the legendary Dilip Kumar Roy and Ustad Zamiruddin Khan. He did his matriculation from Calcutta Academy. Later, he completed his B Com from Komila Victoria Collage. He joined Banaras Hindu University (BHU) for his masters. He earned his PhD from BHU for his work on Mirabai’s bhajaans and music.

Kamal Dasgupta was a versatile musical genius. He used to sing modern songs in Bangala, Hindi, Urdu and Tamil. He was a brilliant composer who composed around 8,000 songs. His first composition was recorded in 1932 in the voice of Satyaboti, (she seems to be the mother of actress Leela Desai). His composition was classical based and folk music. Later he tended to lean towards Thumri style and Naats. In 1935, Kamal Dasgupta joined the Gramophone Company of India in Calcutta as a music director. During this stint, he developed a close and lasting association with the poet Nazrul Islam. They became fond of each other and the relationship lasted for eleven years (1934-45). The culmination of their friendship were 400 songs – inspired by the works of the poet.

Calcutta was the major hub of Indian films produced in the 1930s. New Theatres and Madan Pictures were the main studios along with the other companies. After earning a name with his compositions, Kamal tried his luck in films. His first picture was Pandit Moshai (1936) in Bangla which was followed by Sarbjanin, Vivahotsab and Devyani between 1936-1942. The legendary actor, director Prathmesh Chandra Barua was impressed by his music and gave him a break in Jawaab in 1942. PC Barua directed both the version in Hindi and Bangla. The film was an instant hit. It had cult numbers like Toofan mail ye duniya toofan mail, Ae chand chhup na jana and Kuchh yaad na rahe.

Kamal Dasgupta’s next film was MP productions social, Hospital, starring Kanan Devi, Ahindra Choudhary and Heeralal. The very same year he did another Barua Production, Ranee. The cast included J Ganguly, Kalawati, PC Barua and Jamuna. Like his earlier films, his music became popular. Kamal Dasgupta was as successful in films as he was in his private recording career.

In 1944, he moved to Bombay and did the film Meghdoot (1945), based on the Sanskrit poet Kalidas. Leela Desai and Sahu Modak were in the lead. The film was directed by the legendary Debki Kumar Bose. During his stay in Bombay, he did several films across different genres. His next film was Arabian Nights, directed by Niren Lahari. The cast included Kanan Devi, Nawab and Robin Majumdar. All the numbers of the film became very popular. The same year, he did a social film Bindiya, starring Ragini, Amar, M Shakeer and E Billimoriya. The film was directed by CM Luhar. Kamal Das Gupta used the voices of Anima Dasgupta, Kalyani Das, Hemant Kumar and Amar. His next film was the mythological Krishna Leela (1946) which was directed by Debki Kumar Bose and had Kanan Devi and Paresh Banerjee in the lead. 1946 was the busiest year for Kamal Das Gupta. He did Zameen Asmaan for director Dwarka Khosla, starring Ranjana, Jeevan and Kusum Deshpande.

Coming back to Calcutta, he did Faisala (1947) followed by Manmani. The film had Ragini and Jairaj in the lead. The film was directed by Sarvottam Badami. His last film with his mentor PC Barua was Iran Ki Ek Raat (1949) – a costume drama, starring Jamuna, Narang, Chandrakant and Chandrawati. Its melodious number were: Ulfat mein jise banaya tha, Chhalke chhalke sarabein jawani ke palaye, Kaun hai teer andaaj bada, Ae dil kya and Khel hai ye zindagi. His last release was Phulwari in 1951. He had 40 films to his credit. He gave music to 17 Hindi films. His first film was Jawab-42 and the last Hindi film was Phulwari-51. He had also sung 1 song in Hindi in film Jawab-42.

Following this, the maverick composer got completely disillusioned by the film industry and recording companies. His favourite songs which were sold in the lakhs didn’t carry his name on the jackets. At the age of 44, he married his favourite singer, Firoza Begum and embraced Islam. Kamal Dasgupta, by now, became Kareemuddin Ahmed. He kept on doing movies whenever an offer came. His last film in Bangla was Bodhu Baran in 1967.

He shifted to Dhaka. When Bangladesh became independent, he became a citizen in 1972. The composer was a man of taste. He owned a Buick, a rare thing in Calcutta in the 1950s. He was a great human being. He fed hundreds of people during the Bengal famine. He was also extremely fond of cricket. He was blessed with three sons – Shafin Ahmed, Hamin Ahmed and Tahsin Ahmed. They followed their father in music and cricket. Two brothers played cricket at the state level and Hamin Ahmed was selected for the national team of Bangladesh. Kamal Das Gupta with his failing health and lack of proper medical treatment succumbed to his ailments and passed away in Dhaka on July 28, 1974, at the age of 62.

With all his work in film line, his name will be remembered forever, for making the Geet form of songs in Hindi and Bangla, popular in India. His pioneering contribution to promoting the Non Film Songs, is beyond words. Music lovers throughout the country are indebted to him for this work. Poet Lyricist Faiyaz Hashmi and composer Kamal Dasgupta were regularly churning out wonderful melodies on 78 RPM every month and listeners all over India were enjoying them fully. Surprisingly, while Kamal’s name was written correct, Hashmi was credited in several ways like F Hashmi, F. Hashmi, Faiaz Hashmi, Faiaz Hashumi, Faiyaz Hashmi, Faiyyaz Hashami, Falyyaz Hashmi, Fayyaz Hashimi etc.

Actually,in 1985,Jagmohan Sursagar wrote in his Autobiography…..

” In the initial stages Kamal Dasgupta was influenced by Rabindranath Tagore. Tagore’s songs and compositions(Rabindra sangeet) were extremely popular, but were limited to Bangla people only. Ghazal, qawwali, Dadra, Naat, Thumri, Hori, Kajari etc used to come to market but had a very limited listenership. These never reached the top.

” The fusion of Ghazal,Dadra and Qawali with Bangla Geet style gave birth to Hindi Non Film Songs or geets. As such Geet had a known and accepted place in Literature, but not in Music. To establish this new Genre, Kamal babu used lyrics by Pt.Madhur, Pt. Anjum and Faiyaz Hashmi, got them sung by Jagmohan, Hemant, Talat, Juthika etc. Their records were inscribed with ‘ Hindi Geet (Hindustani Song) ‘. What thus started as NFS Geet from 1936 continued upto next 20 years non stop. “

(adapted, with thanks, from an article by Sharad Dutt, in milleniumpost.in, ‘Yaad kiya Dil ne’ by Subhash Chandra Jadhav and my notes.)

Today’s song is a lovely NFS. I am sure you will love it too.


Song- Main saaz bajaaun tum gaao (Hemant Kumar NFS)(1943) Singer- Hemant Kumar, Lyricist- Faiyaz Hashmi, MD- Kamal Dasgupta

Lyrics

Main saaz bajaaun oon
tum gaao o
tum gaao
Main saaz bajaaun oon
tum gaao o
tum gaao
taaaron main main tumhen suna doon
is dil ki jhankaar aar
geeton mein tum mujhse keh do
chhupi baat ek baar
taaaron main main tumhen suna doon
is dil ki jhankaar aar
geeton mein tum mujhse keh do
chhupi baat ek baar
main tumko kuchh samjhaaun
tum mujhko kuchh samjhaao
main tumko kuchh samjhaaun
tum mujhko kuchh samjhaao
Main saaz bajaaun oon
tum gaao o
tum gaao

mere sur mein dard chhupaa ho o
ek jaadoo ho geet tumhaara
mere sur mein dard chhupaa ho o
ek jaadoo ho geet tumhaara
hum tum donon milen jahaan aan
hum tum donon milen jahaan
(?) wo dariya ka kinaara
meri dhun par maujen tadpen
meri dhun par maujen tadpen
tum geet se lehron ko sharmaao o
tum geet se lehron ko sharmaao o
Main saaz bajaaun oon
tum gaao o
tum gaao


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day:

4361 Post No. : 15684

Today’s song, rather a beautiful Bhajan, is from the film Bhagwat Mahima-55. Earlier 3 songs/Bhajans of this film are discussed here, so it will be the 4th Bhajan from this film to appear here.

The film was made by Filmistan. It was directed by a veteran All-rounder Vithaldas Panchotiya and the music was composed by Hemant kumar- who was famous for creating Bhajans in films.

Hemant Kumar’s associaton with Filmistan started with the film Anand math-52. Director Hemen Gupta recommended his name to S.Mukherjee at that time. Having heard Hemant’s name for his Bangla songs, Mukherjee accepted his name. Earlier C Ramchandra had left Filmistan during the making of film Shabistan-51, due to the interference of his old tormentor Bibhuti Mitra, the film Director.(He was called for the film Anarkali again, after Basant Prakash had left halfway).

Hemant did many films for Filmistan like Shart-54, Samrat-54,Nagin-54, Jagriti-54, Bhagwat Mahima-55 and Durgesh nandini-56. When Hemant was asked to make music for the film Nagin, an interesting event happened. S.Mukherjee had never worked with Master Bhagwan, but he had immense faith in Bhagwan’s Music sense. Most times Mukherjee used to ask Bhagwan’s advice on song tunes of his films. One day, C Ramchandra hosted a party at his bungalow-Sai prasad, Dadar, to celebrate Silver jubilee of film Albela. When the party was in full swing, on the IIIrd floor terrace, Mukherjee called Bhagwan aside and asked him to come with him to the ground floor. Bhagwan was surprised, but without questioning, he accompanied him to the ground floor. There he saw a young man with a Harmonium. Mukherjee said,” Dada, listen to these tunes and give me your opinion.” Then he turned to that young bespectacled man and asked him to play his song tunes. After listening to the tunes, Bhagwan looked excited and said,” My God, kya superb tunes hai ye. Sab gaane hit honge”. That was Hemant Kumar with Nagin Tunes ! Needless to say that Mukherjee passed all tunes.

The decade of 1950s, besides being a part of the “Golden Era” of Hindi film music, also was a very favourable period for Religious films. This was a decade in which maximum number of Mythological/Religious films were made – a record number of 124 films in 10 years’ time. This gave an unprecedented average of One film every month for 10 years at a stretch ! This was a period when joint families still existed and there were many senior citizens in almost every family-who were keen on seeing religious films. The TV had not yet arrived and stage dramas were relegated to the second place in entertainment for families.

During the 1960s and the 1970s, the number of Religious films dwindled, as a variety of topics were handled by films – including the New Wave films, which focused on different issues of the Middle class Indians.

Film Bhagwat Mahima-55 was based on Bhagwat Puran stories. Out of all the 18 Puranas of Hindu religion, Bhagwat Puran is the most popular and most read scripture. It contains 18000 Shlokas in 12 Cantos or Chapters and has stories about Lord Shri Krishna and his devotees. Bhagwat puran has 3 main sections, which emphasize about 1) Bhakti Yog or the Spiritual path to God, 2) Dnyaan Yog or the Wisdom Path and 3) (Nishkaam) Karm Yog or the Virtuous Action Path (without expecting fruits thereof). The entire Puran is about Krishna from his birth to his exit from this world and stories about events and people connected with him throughout his Mortal life.

Hemant Kumar (16-6-1920 to 26-9-1989) excelled in religious films, with his melodious music,often sung in his own voice. Looking at his career statistics, he was more successful as a Singer in Hindi films than as a Music Director. He sang 320 songs in 173 films, while he gave music to only 55 films, composing 423 songs, in his career. I simply love his songs, especially his duets with Lata and Geeta Dutt.

When he first came to Bombay in 1951 to score music for film Anand Math-52, he had a problem with Hindi language pronunciations. As a professional, it is to his credit that he tried hard and successfully corrected his Hindi, while retaining the characteristic Bangla sweetness in his voice. Lata had once said,” when Hemant Kumar sings, you feel a Sadhu is singing !”. Hemant Kumar usually wore a Dhoti and Kurta. His voice was typically different and by nature he was a thorough Gentleman.

The director of this film was Vithaldas Panchotiya. Except those readers, who have a knowledge of early era Hindi films, it is unlikely that other readers might have even heard this name. In the early era, when the studio system was firmly established, the artistes employed by the studio had no specific duties. Anybody and everybody had to do what was needed by the company. Due to this many capable artistes became all rounders in film making.

Vithaldas Panchotiya was certainly one such person. He has been a Producer, Director, story writer, dialogue writer, screenplay writer, lyricist, Singer, Music Director and God knows what else !

Born in October 1906 in Vadnagar in Gujarat, he followed his father’s footsteps. His father worked in stage dramas and toured with the drama company. From the age of 8 years Vithaldas started acting in dramas. Later he joined Calcutta’s Alfred Drama company, owned by Madon Theatres Limited. He worked on a salary of Rs. 35 pm. While working in dramas, he established his own Gujarat Film company and produced 12 silent films in 10 years. Vithaldas first acted in silent film ‘ Dhruv charitra’-1921. He learnt dance and music too. He acted , directed, sang songs and gave music also. He acted in Talkie film ” Muflis Ashiqe”-1932, claimed to be India’s first comedy film. He acted, sang and composed music for this film.

Being a staunch Gandhian, he used to participate in rallies etc. Some of his films were Hindustan-32, Insaf ki Tope-34, Gaibi Gola-35 ( he was the writer and the director too.He gave a break to Baby Noorjahan in this film.), Khudai Khidamadgar-37 aka Garib ki Tope, Takdir ki Tope-38 etc . As per one source, he acted in 35 films, directed 10 talkie films, sang 8 songs, gave music to 1 film and wrote Lyrics to 2 films. Additionally story, dialogues and screenplay writing were also done by him. Some of his films were, Shaikh chilli-37, Khush naseeb-46, Prabhu ki maya-55, Ghar ki numaish-49, Karmaveer-38, Raman-54, Jagriti-54, Hum sab chor hain-56, Basant 60, Bhagvat mahima etc.

I find it very difficult to know exactly how many films he did in various capacities in the 1930s, as there are conflicting claims by him and Master Fida Hussain. In a few cases the details in HFGK and what he claims, gets contradicted. Some of his films in the 40s are Ramanuj-43, Giribala-47, Grihalaxmi-48, Ghar ki Numaish-48 ( released only in 1962, with the title ‘ Jai ho muhabbat ki ‘ )

Thanks to information and statistical data provided by Shri Harish Raghuwanshi ji of Surat, we know that his Filmography consists of a total 11+ 26 films. The break up is-

11 silent films
25 Talkie films as Actor and 1 film as a writer only.
9 films as a Director
2 films as Lyricist and
2 films as Music Director
As per Muvyz data, he sang 37 songs in 8 films.

from 1951 to 1960, he did 13 films- mostly ( 9) for Filmistan. He directed 2 of them. After 1960 his work was reduced. The death of his 3 sons broke him emotionally. As a true Gandhian, it was his dream to make a film- Gandhi Sangram- on mahatma Gandhi. He had done all the spade work and the Muhurat of shooting was also done on 2-10-1987, The Government had promised finance. Even Rajiv Gandhi promised him that. However nothing came to him and he died on 30-10-1996, with his dream unfulfilled.

His daughter Shradha used to work in Gujarati films. She too died in a Train accident in 2000. Her daughter Deepshikha is an actress.

The story of the film Bhagwat Mahima-55 is……

Nagar Seth, a rich man living in one of the gayest cities of India, had everything he wanted in life with one exception. And that was his having no children. His wife, Shanta, consoled him by saying that it was better not to have a child rather than have one who would ruin the fair name of the family by his mis-deeds. She narrated to her husband the story of Sukhram who served his son for three generations in the forms of a bull, a dog and a serpent, even though he could have gone to heaven without doing this service. His son, however, ill-treated the father throughout. Anyway, the story failed to impress Nagar Seth.

One day Shri Jagat Guru Shankaracharya happened to pass through the town. Shanta, who was a disciple of his, requested him to console her husband. In doing so, Shankaracharya narrated a story from the Immortal Classic, Shrimad Bhagvat, wherein Atmadev, also placed in similar circumstances, prayed for a child. Doing penance, Atmadev had `darshan of Narad Muni who gave him a fruit saying that his wife would beget a noble son if she ate the fruit. . Atmadevs wife had no faith in miracles and, on the advice of her sister, Ganga, gave the fruit to her cow.
Ganga, who was expecting a baby, offered her child to Dhundhuli (Atmadevs wife) for some consideration. Thus, Atmadev was made to believe that Ganga’s child was his own. He was named Dhundhukari.

At the same time, the cow which had eaten the fruit, also gave birth to a son who was human in every feature except his ears which were shaped like cows. This boy was also brought up by Atmadev and named “Gokarn”.

Both the boys grew up together and, in due course, became young men. Gokarn, who led a pious and righteous life, became a learned and famous man. Dhundhukari, on the other hand, grew up in bad ways and became the terror of the town. . One day, Dhundhukaris real father, i.e.Ganga’s husband, told Atmadev about his son’s real identity. This so much upset Atmadev that he went away into the forest. There, later, he lost his life.

Champa, a helpless girl and one of the many victims of Dhundhukari, conspired with some of her friends and killed Dhundhukari. Because of his manifold sins, he then became a wandering ghost. . Gokarn, who had now become a Mahatma, was at Gaya offering `Pind Dan to his deceased father when he learned about Dhundhukari’s fate. To relieve him of his ghostly existence, Gokarn offered `Pind Dan not once, but 108 times. Still, he was not successful. He then offered prayers to Suryadev on the advice of learned pandits. Suryadev, pleased with the prayers, blessed Gokarn and asked him to recite Shrimad Bhagvat for the salvation of Dhundhukari’s ghost.

Today’s Bhajan is sung by Hemant Kumar. It is a very good Bhajan rendered equally nicely by Hemant Kumar. I like it very much. You too will.


Song-Digant Nath devta anant roop sohta (Bhagwat Mahima)(1955) Singer- Hemant Kumar, Lyricist-Sarswati Kumar Deepak, MD- Hemant Kumar

Lyrics

om Japakusuma Samkaasham Kashyapeyam Mahadhyuthim
?? Tamorim Sarva Paapaghnam Pranathosmi Divakaram

Digant Nath devata
anant roop sohta
tamas kiran anek se
?? vishw paalate
Digant Nath devata
anant roop sohta
tamas kiran anek se
?? vishw paalate
Digant Nath devata

kripaalu Ravi kripa karo
kripaalu Ravi kripa karo
dayaalu Ravi daya karo
mahaan ye ?? tu
ke tum karo ??te
Digant Nath devata

suna rahe digant ke
anant ?? bhairavi
saja rahe ho tum nishaan
vishw bhar ki aarti
dukhon se ?? mukti do
ubaarne ki yukti do
sabhi ke paap taap ko
prabhu tumhi sanwaarte
Digant Nath devata
anant roop sohta
tamas kiran anek se
?? vishw paalate
Digant Nath devata
Digant Nath devata aa aa
Digant Nath devata aa aa


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4352 Post No. : 15667

A voice that sounds quite mature, dripping with heavy bass – a baritone that appeared to emerge from somewhere deep inside. Playing this sound on the songs like “Zindagi Pyaar Ki Do Chaar Ghadi Hoti Hai”, or “Lele Dard Paraaya Kar De Door Gham Ka Saaya”, or “Jaane Wo Kaise Log The Jinke Pyaar Ko Pyaar Mila”, “Ganga Aaye Kahaan Se. . .”, and many more of this ilk, sounds so natural and, well, so suitable. The deep bass gets to the perfect tone of poignancy that is needed for these songs.

And yet Sachin Da would choose this voice to present the best of the romance-of-the-young-heart songs, when way back in 1952, he recorded “Ye Raat Ye Chandni Phir Kahaan” for a young guitar strumming conman on screen. He would return to this voice again and again, for the same effect. Fast forward to 1955 and he brings on the same voice for a soft romantic song of the night – “Chup Hai Dharti Chup Hain Chaand Sitaare”. Then in 1958, he would once again return to the same voice for the thumping lyrical “Hai Apna Dil To Awaara”, that astoundingly carried the day as the playback. And then in 1962 would be “Na Tum Hamen Jaano. . .“. All four songs – lip synced by Dev Anand onscreen. Only Sachin Da could have visualized the effect of this voice on these romantic creations. And of course, the voice itself, to be able to bring in that young heart effect into the life breath of these songs.

The effect is so endearingly replicated in other songs like “Keh Rahi Hai Zindagi, Jee Sakey To Jee”, and “Beqaraar Kar Ke Hamen Yun Na Jaaiye”, and “Ye Nayan Darey Darey”, or even in “Ek Baar Zara Phir Keh Do Mujhe Sharma Ke Tum Deewaana”, and many more.

Celebrating the birth centennial (on 16 June, 2020) of this magical voice – Hemant Kumar.

This song is from the lesser known film – ‘Raami Dhoban’ from 1953. The film is produced by Ramesh Vyas for the banner Navkala Niketan, Bombay. The film is directed by Hiren Bose, who is also the music director. The star cast of this film is Kamini Kaushal, Abhi Bhattacharya, Tiwari, Ashita, Ramesh Vyas, Shalini, Bannerjee, Mishra, Sankatha Prasad, Rai Mohan, Gautam, Sachin Ghosh, Nandini, Sona Chatterji, Uma Devi, Sulochana Chatterjee, and Prem Adeeb.

The film is a veritable musical, with as many as 14 songs, all written by Ram Murty. Five over these songs are already featured on our blog.

This song is such a beautiful rendition of a sad song of love – “Panchhi Ud Gaya Preet Laga Ke”. I pulled out and heard this beautiful solo song for the first time today. The words tell of a beloved that stole the heart, and has now left, leaving behind loneliness and a broken heart. The words are lovely, and so is the rendition. A vintage Hemant Da song.

Song – Panchhi Ud Gaya Preet Laga Ke  (Raami Dhoban) (1953) Singer – Hemant Kumar, Lyrics – Ram Murti, MD – Hiren Bose

Lyrics

panchhi udd gaya..aa..aa

panchhi udd gaya preet laga ke
panchhi udd gaya..aa..aa
sapnon ki
sapnon ki sukh sajia ke bairi piir basa ke
sapnon ki..ee..ee
sapnon ki sukh sajia ke bairi piir basa ke
panchhi udd gaya..aa..aa

mann ke pinjra chori chori
bandh ke raakhi prem ki dori
mann ke pinjra chori chori
bandh ke raakhi prem ki dori
chhod gaya..aa
chhod gaya haaye mohe dard bhara geet suna ke
chhod gaya..aa
chhod gaya haaye mohe dard bhara geet suna ke
panchhi udd gaya..aa..aa

shaam rang kuchh kaam na aaya
radhe radhe..ey..ey
bol chuka
par bedardi raha na apna
apna ho kar hua paraaya
tod gaya wo prem ki dori
chhod gaya wo nagri mori
tod gaya wo prem ki dori
chhod gaya wo nagri mori
haaye chhalia
haaye chhalia mujhse munh mod gaya tthes laga ke
haaye chhalia
haaye chhalia mujhse munh mod gaya tthes laga ke
panchhi udd gaya..aa..aa
panchhi udd gaya preet laga ke
panchhi udd gaya..aa..aa

———————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————

पंछी उड़ गया॰॰आ॰॰आ

पंछी उड़ गया प्रीत लगा के
पंछी उड़ गया॰॰आ॰॰आ
सपनों की
सपनों की सुख सजिया के बैरी पीर बसा के
सपनों की॰॰ई॰॰ई
सपनों की सुख सजिया के बैरी पीर बसा के
पंछी उड़ गया॰॰आ॰॰आ

मन के पिंजरा चोरी चोरी
बांध के राखी प्रेम की डोरी
मन के पिंजरा चोरी चोरी
बांध के राखी प्रेम की डोरी
छोड़ गया॰॰आ
छोड़ गया हाय मोहे दर्द भरा गीत सुना के
छोड़ गया॰॰आ
छोड़ गया हाय मोहे दर्द भरा गीत सुना के
पंछी उड़ गया॰॰आ॰॰आ

शाम रंग कुछ काम ना आया
राधे राधे॰॰ए॰॰ए
बोल चुका
पर बेदर्दी रहा ना अपना
अपना होकर हुआ पराया
तोड़ गया वो प्रेम की डोरी
छोड़ गया वो नागरी मोरी
तोड़ गया वो प्रेम की डोरी
छोड़ गया वो नागरी मोरी
हाय छलिया
हाय छलिया मुझसे मुंह मोड़ गया ठेस लगा के
हाय छलिया
हाय छलिया मुझसे मुंह मोड़ गया ठेस लगा के
पंछी उड़ गया॰॰आ॰॰आ
पंछी उड़ गया प्रीत लगा के
पंछी उड़ गया॰॰आ॰॰आ


This article is written by Peevesie’s Mom, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day:

4351 Post No. : 15664

Hullo Atuldom

Often when I read the title of some posts i.e. the name of the song associated with the post, I recollect some other song, may be of a different era. This has happened a number of times. Same goes with movie titles too. There are many movie titles that have been repeated over the years and our in-house encyclopedia, Sudhirji and Atulji have written a few posts regarding the same i.e. about titles that have been repeated.

As I was preparing this post I just googled the title “Bandhan” and I found it has been used about 17 times in TV and movie productions language and country no-bar – found a movie by this title in Bangladeshi cinema too (referred imdb.com). Looks like this is a favorite title of Bengali producers who make entertainment material- there is a drama too with the title “Bandhan” (got this too from imdb.com). Of course we do have movies which have words preceding or following “Bandhan” in their titles- “Bandhan Kachche Dhaagon ka”, “Prem Bandhan”, “Bandhan Anjana” etc etc.

But let us concentrate on Hindi movies. We have four movies with the title “Bandhan” in 1940, 1956, 1969 & 1998.

“Bandhan” (1940) had Ashok Kumar and Leela Chitnis in the lead, was directed by N.R. Acharya and was a Bombay Talkies production. It had music by Saraswati Devi and Ramchandra Pal. It had 11 songs 7 by Saraswati Devi and 4 by Ramchandra Pal and all the songs are posted on the blog.

“Bandhan” (1956) was directed by Hemchandra Chunder (info from imdb.com), produced by D.K. Sarkar, had Pradeep Kumar- Meena Kumari- Motilal playing main characters and had music by Hemant Kumar. The blog has 2 out of its 7 songs.

“Bandhan” (1969) directed by Narendra Bedi and produced by G.P.Sippy had Rajesh Khanna- Mumtaz- Anju Mahendroo and had music by Kalyanji Anandji. This movie had 5 songs and 4 are on the blog. Sanjeev Kumar had a special appearance in this “Bandhan”.

All these movies are present on the blog. “Bandhan” (1998) directed by K. Muralimohan Rao had Jackie Shroff- Salman Khan- Ashwini Bhave- Rambha and was produced by Narendra Bajaj. Anand raj Anand and Himesh Reshammiya were the music directors. This movie is yet to debut on the blog and it has some good songs.

16th June 2020 is the 100th birthdate of the legendary music director Hemant Kumar Mukherjee. He was born in Varanasi in the house of his maternal grandfather who was a physician. He is said to have grownup in the Bhawanipore area of Calcutta. His first recorded song was in 1935 for All India Radio. His first disc (non-film) was for the Columbia label in 1937 and the 1941 released Bengali film “Nimai Sanyas” had his first film song. His first Hindi film song was under Pt. Amarnath’s music direction in the 1944 release “Iraada”. Hemantda (as he was addressed affectionately) was one of the foremost exponents of Rabindra Sangeet. His first as a music director was the 1947 release “Abhiyatri” in Bengali. A detailed biography of Hemantda has been done by the stalwarts of the blog in a few posts in the past and I am not an authority on Hemantda.

The statistics page of the blog tells me that Hemantda has given music in 55 Hindi movies with a total of 417 songs of these the blog has 290 songs; also he has sung 322 songs of which the blog has 204 song. That means we have covered 50% of Hemantda as music director and about 75% as singer on the blog.

Today on his birth centenary we shall have one more which has been sung by him too. He also happens to be the music director. The song is written by Rajinder Krishan. On screen it is performed by Pradeep Kumar who is going around preaching that it is ‘good to be human’ and follow the ‘jiyo aur jeene do’ policy. He is accompanied by Asit Sen who is in awe. I don’t know if I am the only one who feels this- Hemant Kumar’s voice was tailor-made for Pradeep Kumar.

Remembering Hemant Kumar on his birth centenary.


Song-Jo milna hai Bhagwaan se (Bandhan)(1956) Singer-Hemant Kumar, Lyrics-Rajinder Krishan, MD-Hemant Kumar

Lyrics

jo milna hai bhagwaan se ae
toh mil pehle insaan se ae
kaise darshan dega maalik
bin poochhe darbaan se
jo milna hai bhagwaan se
toh mil pehle insaan se
kaise darshan dega maalik
bin poochhe darbaan se
jo milna hai bhagwaan se ae

jhoothhe bhed ke bandhan
aur yeh oonch neech ki deewaarein
jhoothhe bhed ke bandhan
aur yeh oonch neech ki deewaarein
prabhu se kaise milne dengi
tujhe beech ki deewaarein
toone khud mushkil kar daale
yeh raste aasaan se
toone khud mushkil kar daale
yeh raste aasaan se
kaise darshan dega maalik
bin poochhe darbaan se
jo milna hai bhagwaan se

laakh chatur tu bane magar
woh sabse bada sayaana hai
laakh chatur tu bane magar
woh sabse bada sayaana hai
apna aap chhupaa kar
bunta jag ka taana baana hai
chaturaai na bhaaye usey
woh pyaar kare anjaan se
chaturaai na bhaaye usey
woh pyaar kare anjaan se
kaise darshan dega maalik
bin poochhe darbaan se
jo milna hai bhagawan se

uska hona hai jo tujhko
bandon ka tu ho ja
apna aap mita de moorakh
aur usi mein kho ja
uska hona hai jo tujhko
bandon ka tu ho ja
apna aap mita de moorakh
aur usi mein kho ja
neecha kar woh kaam nikaale
jo nikle na maan se
kaise darshan dega maalik
bin poochhe darbaan se
jo milna hai bhagwaan se
toh mil pehle insaan se
kaise darshan dega maalik
bin poochhe darbaan se
jo milna hai bhagwaan se ae


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day:

4309 Post No. : 15584

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Regional language songs in Hindi movies- 1
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I had heard of ‘Rabindra Sangeet’ many years back in the context of our national anthem. Without knowing much about Rabindra Sangeet, in my younger days, I used to think that like Hindustani classical music, Carnatic classical music, folk music, Western classical music etc, Rabindra Sangeet was a different genre of music. (Now that I know it, I was not off the mark then). When I got associated with our Blog about 10 years back, I started looking at the Hindi film songs in a wider perspective encompassing, among other things, the genres of and the artists behind the Hindi film music. It was during the course of writing articles for the Blog covering songs of the golden period of Hindi film music, singers, lyricists and music directors that I came to know much about Rabindra Sangeet and its influence in Hindi film songs.

Rabindra Sangeet (Tagore songs) refers to over 2000 Bangla songs which were penned and set to music by Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore. During the course of my search on Rabindra Sangeet, I had come across a very informative website, http://www.geetabitan.com, dedicated to Rabindra Sangeet. The website is the repository of around 2200 songs written and composed by Gurudev during his life time. The website gives the main features of each of song with lyrics in Bangla and English with English translations wherever available. The songs are also classified in 6 main themes – Devotion, Patriotic, Love, Nature, Ceremonial and Amazement. In addition, other features of the songs such as raag, taal, and background history etc are also given. I also found that Rabindra Sangeet is complete with swarlipi (notations) which indicates that the system of notations in Indian music may have started with Rabindra Sangeet.

With the help of the lyrics in English, I have listened to many songs on the video sharing platform with the support of English translations. I am aware of the limitation of translation in English of the original Bangla songs or for that matter of any language. But for a non-Bengali like me, translation serves the purpose of understanding something about the song rather than not knowing at all. In a nutshell, Rabindra Sangeet is the amalgam of Hindustani classical music, Bangla folk music, and Western classical music. What attracts a non-Bengali like me to listen to Rabindra Sangeet is the unique sounding melody embedded in the song even though the full understanding of the meaning of the song would have enhanced the listening pleasure. Nevertheless, I feel like listening to Tagore songs again and again. They are soothing to my ears and they sounds like prayers.

It is well known fact that some of Mirza Ghalib’s ghazals can be interpreted differently by different persons. Based on the English translation of Tagore songs, I feel that some of these songs may have multiple interpretations. Probably, the interpretation of Tagore songs could be one of the debating issues for ‘bhadralok’ in the poetic soirees or even in the Coffee House. Hence, like Mirza Ghalib’s ghazals, Rabindra Sangeet would always remain one of the topics for discussion among the musicians. It is because of such interests and the spirituality in Tagore songs that Rabindra Sangeet retains its popularilty even after nearly hundred years when the songs were written and composed.

It is believed that Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore started writing and composing songs since 1875. But his songs were rendered mostly in the confines of Shantiniketan by his students of music and his plays. The credit for making Rabindra Sangeet popular among the masses goes to Pankaj Mullick. ‘Mukti’ (1937) was the film in which Tagore songs featured for the first time.

During the making of the film ‘Mukti” (1937), Pankaj Mullick, the music director for the film, had gone to meet Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore to seek his permission to use the song ‘diner sheshey ghumer deshey’ in the film. Pankaj Mullick was not sure whether he could get the nod from Gurdev as till then, Tagore songs were not used in the films. Moreover, Gurudev had not yet set the music for the song under consideration. Pankaj Mullick rendered the song which was set to music by him, in the presence of Gurudev who was so much impressed by his rendering of the song that he not only allowed Pankaj Mullick to use the song with his music in the film but also allowed him to set to music those Tagore songs which Gurudev had not find time to set to the tune. In the event, Pankaj Mullick got a rare distinction of being the only composer allowed by Gurudev to set tunes to his songs. [Based on http://www.pankajmullickfoundation.org/%5D. Later on, Pankaj Mullick devoted his efforts to make the Rabindra Sangeet popular by singing them on All India Radio and in the concerts.

On the basis of the number of song clips of Rabindra Sangeet available on the video sharing platforms, I feel that among the old stalwarts, Hemant Kumar, Debabrata Biswas, Dwijen Mukherjee, Kanika Banerjee, Suchitra Mitra, Sroboni Sen etc have immensely contributed to to make Rabindra Sangeet popular among the masses.

The popularity of Rabindra Sangeet influenced some of the music directors, especially of Bangla and Hindi films. Just like we say that a song is based on folk music, similarly, it has become common to say that song is influenced by Rabindra Sangeet. There are instances where Hindi films songs have been inspired from Rabindra Sangeet especially under the music direction of Pankaj Mullick, Anil Biswas, Salil Chowdhury. Hemant Kumar, S D Burman, R D Burman etc who hail from Bengal. There are many Hindi film songs inspired from Rabindra Sangeet but here, I will give only few examples:

Anil Biswas: Raahi matwaale (Rabindra Sangeet: ore grihobashi khol dwaar khol)

S D Burman: naina deewaane ek nahin maane (Rabindra Sangeet: shedin dujone dulechhune bone)

Hemant Kumar: mann mera udta jaaye (Rabindra Sangeet: man mor meghe sangi)

Salil Chowdhury: saawan ki raaton mein aisa bhi hota hai (Rabindra Sangeet: jete jete akla pothe)

Kishore Kumar: panthhi hoon us path kaa (Rabindra Sangeet: pather shesh kothay)

Rajesh Roshan: bandan khula panchhi udaa (Rabindra Sangeet: pagla hawaar baadol dine)

Some of the music directors seems to have used some parts of the tunes from Rabindra Sangeet which for a lay man it is difficult to pin point. I can only get some feel of Rabindra Sangeet in some of the songs composed by Anil Biswas like in ‘Anokha Pyaar’ (1948) and ‘Aaraam’ (1951). Some songs of R D Burman’s last film ‘1942 – A Love Story (1994) gives the shades of Rabindra Sangeet. Some of the other songs composed by S D Burman have some traces of Rabindra Sangeet. I found an interesting trivia about a small part of the tune taken from Rabindra Sangeet in jaane wo kaise log thhe jinko pyaar se pyaar mila :

In a conversation between S D Burman and Pulak Bandhyopadhyay, the Bangla film lyricist, S D Burman had revealed that the second verse of the mukhda of the song i.e., hamne to jab kaliyaan maangi kaanthon kaa haar mila’ was inspired from the second verse of our national anthem ‘Punjab Sind Gujarat Maratha Dravid Utkal Banga’. [Source: S D Burman – The Prince Musician – Anirudha Bhattacharjee and Balaji Vittal (2018).]

Rabindra Sangeet has a special place in ‘Hamraahi’ (1945) which had two Tagore songs in Bangla. One Tagore song, jan gan man adhinaayak jaya he has been covered in the Blog. The second Tagore song is ‘modhu gandhe bhara mridu snigdho chhaaya’ which are rendered by Binota Bose (Roy) and Hemant Kumar. The song was written and composed by Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore.

‘Hamraahi’ (1945) was a Hindi remake of Bangla film ‘Udayare Pathe’ (1944). It was a debut Bangla feature film for Bimal Roy as a director who also directed its Hindi remake. Both the versions of the film had, more or less the same star cast which consisted of Radhamohan Bhattacharya, Binota Bose (Roy), Rekha Mallik (Mitra), Maya Basu, Tulsi Chakraborty, Dev Bala, Parul Kar, Manorama etc. Interestingly, the Tagore song under reference was not there in the Bangla version of the film.

Since the song under discussion is in Bangla, I have taken the lyrics in English as well as the English translation from http://www.geetabitan.com. I know that the feelings expressed in Bangla in Tagore songs are difficult to replicate in English translation. The words are in Sanskritised Bangla. The song seems to convey the emotion through nature.

Anil Biswas used the complete tune of this Tagore song for mere chanchal naina madhur ras ke bhare in ‘Angulimaal’ (1960).

Audio Clip:

Song-Modhu gandhe bhara mridu snigdho chaaya (Humraahi)(1945) Singers-Binota Bose, Hemant Kumar, Lyrics-Rabindranath Tagore, MD-Rabindranath Tagore

Lyrics
(Sourced from http://www.geetabitan.com)

modhu gandhe bhaara
mridu snigdho chhaaya
nipo kunjo tale
shyamo kaantimoyi kon swapnomaaya
phire brishti jale
ae ae ae ae
gandhe bhaara
phire rakto aloktako dhouto paaye
dhaara sikto baaye
ae ae ae ae
phire rakto aloktako dhouto paaye
dhaara sikto baaye
ae ae ae ae ae ae
megho mukto sahasyo shashanko kaala
snithi praante jwaale
megho mukto sahasyo shashanko kaala
snithi praante jwaale
ae ae ae ae
gandhe bhara
mridu snigdho chhaaya
nipo kunjotale
shyamo kaantimoyi kon swapnomaaya
phire brishti jale
ae ae ae ae
gandhe bhara

piye uchchhalo tarol prolayo modira
un mukhoro tarongini dhaay adhira
piye uchchhalo tarol prolayo modira
un mukhoro tarongini dhaay adhira
kaar nirbhiko murti tarongo dole
kalo mandro role
kaar nirbhiko murti tarongo dole
kalo mandro role
ae taarahaara nihsimo andho kare
ae ae ae ae
kaar taroni chole
ae taarahaara nihsimo andho kare
ae ae ae ae
kaar taroni chole
modhu gandhe bhara
mridu snigdho chhaaya
nipo kunjotale
shyamo kaantimoyi kon swapnomaaya
phire brishti jale
ae ae ae ae
gandhe bhara…aa

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English translation (source: http://www.geetabitan.com)
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Passionate is languor,
That roam about in the dripping wetness,
Like a dark silhouette of a veiled maid
Under the arbour of kadam trees,
Delightfully fragrant and sombre.
Treading on red-alta washed feet,
Heading the gentle breeze, moist;
Sporadic flashes on forehead,
Smiling crescent peeping through clouds.
She swirls amuck, gurgling,
Having taken elixir of catastrophe.
Emerges from the roaring streams
A face of a valour, unknown.
In this star-less darkness of the night
Who sails his raft all alone.
_____________


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TWELVE years. This blog has over 15900 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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