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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Hemant Kumar songs’ Category


This article is written by Peevesie’s Mom, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4018 Post No. : 15128

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Blog 10-Year Challenge (2009-19) – Song No. 40
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Hullo to Atuldom

Today is a unique happy birthday date. It is not any celebrity’s birthday. It is the birthdate of our beloved blog Atul-song-a-day which has been nicknamed ASAD and all of its followers are called Atulites.

This is one blog which has brought together a lot of Hindi film music lovers from across the world. It must have started as a one-man’s passion for film music but has now become an addiction for a set of music lovers who are equally passionate about Hindi film music. People who have associated themselves with the blog are going to great lengths to find hitherto unheard songs, finding about the life-stories of those associated with those songs etc. We have our own in-house encyclopaedia who has put a lot of time into researching about long forgotten artists, singers, musicians, and also cleared confusion about artist who had same or similar names and were popular about the same period etc. We have an NRA (Non Resident Atulite) who has assigned Sudhir ji a job of finding movies of the 60s’ decade that were lost or forgotten and Sudhir ji has done a great job of finding at least 112 such movies with about 79 left and these may be really unavailable otherwise he would have dug them out too. In addition to this, he has an ongoing series of songs which were reused in movies and I am sure that will give us a minimum of 50 songs.

Sudhir ji and Arunkumar ji (the encyclopaedia) are just two examples of dedicated contributors. We have others whose craze for Hindi film music has been manifested in the form of reading through the “ancient” 😉 issues of Film-India magazine and sharing knowledge gathered from there with us on the blog. Then there is the case of two resident NRAs who collaborate to produce posts to remember their favourite Sahir on his birth and death anniversaries. Of course, one NRA is more active than the other who I expect will surface in the last week of July as the anniversary of his and our favourite Mohd. Rafi is coming up and his activity will continue on to first week of August. (Hope I am not proved wrong) Of course there are those contributors who surface on the really important celebratory occasion of the blogs’ 15000th post, Atulji’s personal 10000, and birthdays of their personal favourite singers Mukesh, Shamshad Begum etc. I must make special mention of the behind the scene contributor who sees to it that the links of songs posted are working links in addition to sending his farmaishes in the form of lyrics.  So Atuldom is a kingdom of a group with varied interests in HFM and who have their own way of making the blog a unique space in cyberland.

As far as my own film music addiction is concerned, I have mentioned many a times how this blog has affected my way of listening to songs. How I have learnt about the life and times of the singers, actors, music directors, and others associated with movie making. And the most important take-away from this blog is a whole new set of friends who are always in touch 24/7 and who receive my phone-calls with a smile (I can feel it in their “Hello”). But I had an altogether different experience the last time I called Sudhir ji; my “hullo Sudhir ji” was met by a good two minute of laughter, such is the camaraderie that he knew exactly what I was going to say. 😊

For all of the above a big thank you to the blog and the blog master Atul. It is only because Atul ji started the blog on 19th July 2008 that we can call ourselves Atulites or Atulwaasis, who are residents of Atuldom.

Exactly a year after it was born, Atulji posted six songs on 19th July 2009. These represented six movies: two from 1969, and one each of 1956, 1954, 1953 and 1949. Of the movies that these songs were from only one is left to be yyippeed!! That is ‘Sambandh’ of 1969. It has 5 songs posted on the blog, out of a possible 11 or 12 , the last being posted in October of 2011. That is a loooong time ago.

So, to take ‘Sambandh’ a step forward we re-visit it today. The movie was produced by Ram Mukherjee; directed by Ajoy Biswas; had Asha Bhonsle, Mahendra Kapoor, Mukesh, Hemant Kumar for playback singers for songs written by Kavi Pradeep and composed by OP Nayyar. Atul ji has said in one of the previous posts of the songs of this movie that this was an unusual combination- OP Nayyar setting Kavi Pradeep’s words to tune. This movie had Pradeep Kumar and Deb Mukherjee heading the cast which also had Anjana (this was her debut) Sulochana Latkar, Anita Dutt (looks like Anita Guha, must have been Dutt at that time), Achala Sachdev, Vijaya Chaudhary, Abhi Bhattacharya, Nana Palshikar, Leela Mishra, etc.

The synopsis as given on IMDB is:

Manav Chatterjee’s childhood is spent in a wealthy home where his father, Umakant, is an alcoholic, and his mother a simple housewife, who tries in vain to get his dad to give up on alcohol. This results in differences between his parents, leading to their separation, and him leaving the house to be with his mother. Manav grows up as a cynic, and this cynicism increases when he goes to live with a foster and a very wealthy family. He marries Hiralal’s daughter, Sandhya, and both love each other deeply. But things do not seem to go Manav’s way at all, as he is separated from Sandhya, and after several months finds out that Hirala is about to get Sandhya married – again. Now Manav has changed his name, and is being helped by an unknowing Umakant to try and salvage, what possibly remains, of the rest of this bitter and lonely life.

Here is the list of songs posted this-date-that-year as is the practice in the Ten-Year Challenge,

Gore Gore Mukhde Pe Gesoo Jo Chhaa Gaye Patanga

1949

Bujh Gaye Aasha Ke Diye…Badle Rang Jahaan Ke Shikast

1953

Dil Se Milaa Ke Dil Pyaar Kijiye Taxi Driver

1954

Dil Dil Se Milaakar Dekho Mem Sahib

1956

Apni Maata Ke Dulaare Bachche Sambandh

1969

Saathiyaan Nahin Jaana Ke Ji Na Lage Aaya Saawan Jhoom Ke

1969

Hindigeetmala.net (my personal HFGK) lists 12 songs for ‘Sambandh’ of which we have 5 on the blog. Of the twelve, six songs have Asha Bhonsle giving playback, one being a duet with Hemant Kumar. It is difficult to find videos of all the songs that are left to be posted, only audios are available on youtube. Another thing I found was almost all the songs were rather sombre or completely sad. Would love to see the movie to understand why the mood of the songs are so.  And as Atul ji has previously said this is a rather unusual OP Nayyar album with not one peppy number. So, choosing from what is available, here is the Hemant Kumar – Asha song which is a prayer and I would like to know on whom it was filmed.

HAPPY BIRTHDAY ASAD!!!!!
Thank you Atul ji for giving us ASAD.

There is still a lot of songs left in the ocean of HFM for us to find gems, pearls and corals.

P.S. after writing the post I ran through the movie to see who has lip synced the song. I found that the Hemant Kumar part is no where in the movie and Anita Dutt has lip-synced the Asha Bhonsle part.

Editor’s note-With this song, Hemant Kumar completes 200 songs in the blog as a playback singer.

 

Audio

Video

Song – Tum Ko To Karodon Saal Huye Batlaao Gagan Ghambhir  (Sambandh) (1969) Singer – Hemant Kumar, Asha Bhosle, Lyrics – Kavi Pradeep, MD – OP Nayyar

Lyrics

hey jagat pita parmatma
karo nirmal meri aatma
dukh haro dayalu
ab sukh do
sab avgun mere
karo kshama
parbhu karo Kshama
parbhu karo kshama
hey jagat pita parmatma

aaaa aaaaa
aaaa aaaaa

tumko to karodon saal huye
batlaao gagan gambhir
is pyaari pyaari duniya mein
kyun alag alag taqdeer
tumko to karodon saal huye
batlaao gagan gambhir
is pyaari pyaari duniya mein
kyun alag alag taqdeer

milte hain kisi ko bin maange hi moti
oo oo oo
koi maange lekin bheekh naseeb na hoti
oo oo oo
kya soch ke hai malik ne rachi
ye do rangi tasveer
is pyaari pyaari duniya mein
kyun alag alag taqdeer
tumko to karodon saal huye
batlaao gagan gambhir
is pyaari pyaari duniya mein
kyun alag alag taqdeer

kuch kismatwaale sukh se amrit peete
oo oo oo
kuch dil par rakh pathar jeewan jeete
oo oo oo
kahin mann panchhi aakaash ude
kahin paanv padi zanjeer
is pyaari pyaari duniya mein
kyun alag alag taqdeer
tumko to karodon saal huye
batlaao gagan gambhir
is pyaari pyaari duniya mein
kyun alag alag taqdeer

kyun alag alag taqdeer

kyun alag alag taqdeer

kyun alag alag taqdeer

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

हे जगत पिता परमात्मा
करो निर्मल मेरी आत्मा
दुख हरो दयालु
अब सुख दो
सब अवगुण मेरे करो क्षमा
प्रभु करो क्षमा
प्रभु करो क्षमा
हे जगत पिता परमात्मा

आss आsss
आss आsss

तुमको तो करोड़ों साल हुये
बतलाओ गगन गंभीर
इस प्यारी प्यारी दुनिया में
क्यों अलग अलग तक़दीर
तुमको तो करोड़ों साल हुये
बतलाओ गगन गंभीर
इस प्यारी प्यारी दुनिया में
क्यों अलग अलग तक़दीर

मिलते हैं किसी को बिन मांगे ही मोती
ओ ओ ओ
कोई मांगे भी तो भीख नसीब ना होती
ओ ओ ओ
क्या सोच के है मालिक ने रची
ये दो रंगी तस्वीर
इस प्यारी प्यारी दुनिया में
क्यों अलग अलग तक़दीर
तुमको तो करोड़ों साल हुये
बतलाओ गगन गंभीर
इस प्यारी प्यारी दुनिया में
क्यों अलग अलग तक़दीर

कुछ किस्मत वाले सुख से अमृत पीते
ओ ओ ओ
कुछ दिल पर रख कर पत्थर जीवन जीते
ओ ओ ओ
कहीं मन पंछी आकाश उड़े
कहीं पाँव पड़ी ज़ंजीर
इस प्यारी प्यारी दुनिया में
क्यों अलग अलग तक़दीर
तुमको तो करोड़ों साल हुये
बतलाओ गगन गंभीर
इस प्यारी प्यारी दुनिया में
क्यों अलग अलग तक़दीर

क्यों अलग अलग तक़दीर

क्यों अलग अलग तक़दीर

क्यों अलग अलग तक़दीर

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This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4015 Post No. : 15122

“Fashion”(1957) was directed by Lekhraj Bhakri for Kuldip Pictures production, Bombay. The movie had Pradeep Kumar, Mala Sinha, Chandrashekhar, Manoj Kumar, Jabeen Jaleel,Sunder, Jabeen Jalil, Jagdish Sethi, Kammo, Leela Misra etc in it.

The movie had eight songs in it. Five songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the sixth song from “Fashion”(1957) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Hemant Kumar and his wife Bela Mukherji. Bharat Vyas is the lyricist. Music is composed by Hemant Kumar.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of the song. From the sounds of it, the song appears to be a “beggar” song to me, where the citizens of the nation are being called upon to use desi (including marrying Indians) not videshi. Craving for and using videshi items was considered “Fashion” those days, and that was almost considered an anti national act, as can be surmised from the lyrics of this song.


Song-Maati ko lajaana na (Fashion)(1957) Singers-Hemant Kumar, Bela Mukherji, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-Hemant Kumar
Both

Lyrics

bade bade toofaanon ke aage
kabhi nahin jo haaraa hai
naari ki taaqat par ab tak
zindaa desh tumhaaraa hai

maati ko lajaanaa naa
is maati ko lajaanaa naa
desh hai mahaan
iski shaan ko mitaanaa naa
maati ko lajaanaa naa
is maati ko lajaanaa naa
desh hai mahaan
is ki shaan ko mitaanaa naa
maati ko lajaanaa naa
is maati ko lajaanaa naa

bikhra hua yahaan Savitri kaa noor hai
Saavitri kaa noor hai
maati mein ramaa hua sitaaji kaa sindoor hai
is maati mein ramaa hua sitaaji kaa sindoor hai
sitaaji kaa sindoor hai
desh ke jawaanon
desh ke jawaanon
o fashion ke deewaanon
thhodi baat puraani maano
apni sej ko paraai naar se kabhi sajaanaa naa
maati ko lajaana naa
is maati ko lajaana na
desh hai mahaan
iski shaan ko mitaana na
maati ko lajaana naa
is maati ko lajaana na

galiyaan paraayi mein kyun khoyaa teraa dhyaan hai
kyun khoyaa teraa dhyaan hai
apni pujaaran kaa tu hi bhagvaan hai
apni pujaaran kaa tu hi bhagvaan hai
tu hi bhagvaan hai
raam hai tu uskaa aa
raam hai tu uskaa
ghanshyaam hai tu uskaa
chaaron dhaam hai tu uskaa
aisi naari ke jigar pe kataari tu chalaanaa naa
maati ko lajaanaa naa
is maati ko lajaanaa naa
desh hai mahaan
is ki shaan ko mitaanaa naa
maati ko lajaanaa naa
is maati ko lajaanaa naa


This article is written by Peevesie’s mom, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3985 Post No. : 15074

Saw “Bees Saal Pehle” which released on 6th June 1972, viz a few days back aaj se “saintees saal pehle”.

It starts off as any horror movie of those times. We have Vinod Mehra driving a vehicle (highly polluting by the standards set in the modern days) through a ghat road in perfect weather, rather late in the evening. His vehicle stalls when he stops it to see what or who has jumped over the cliff, doesn’t find a thing but now he has to look for help to restart his journey.

He sees a bungalow close by-predictably- and it is almost dark by the time he gets there. He knocks and the door opens by itself (was reminded of Mehmood from “Pyar Kiye Jaa”). He walks in with a “Koi hai? Arre koi hai?” (anybody there?). And an old man (Iftikhar) materializes and offers him a room for the night in the cob-web infested house.

Surprisingly the room has a clean patch. And as is the norm since time immemorial (my first experience was in the Ashok Kumar- Madhubala starrer “Mahal”) Vinod Mehra hears a lady scream and then sob and then sing plaintively. Sure enough, Vinod runs out of the room seeking the old man and asks for an explanation.

Then the movie goes into “Bees Saal Pehle” there was a Choudhury (Abhi Bhattacharya) in a city nearby, whose only heir (Ritesh) was in love with a sweet girl (Farida Jalal) of the area but had to marry another damsel (Anupama) to relieve her of her distress. By the time the movie got to this point in the story it had given us a party song, a romantic song, a line of a bhootiya (haunting) song and a “questioning the god” song.

Essentially the movie had eight songs with one of them appearing twice in the movie. The singers used were Lata Mangeshkar, Ranu, Asha Bhonsle, Kishore Kumar and Hemant Kumar as playback singers. S.H.Bihari was the lyricist and Hemant Kumar was the producer (Geetanjali Pictures) and music composer. Movie was directed by Probir Roy. The title card said that Ritesh (Hemant Kumar’s son) was introduced in this movie and I was surprised to see Hrishikesh Mukherjee’s name in the star cast. I didn’t get to the part where Hrishida makes a screen appearance as by then I had found my song to go with this post.

Going by the time of release of this movie, today’s song could well be one of the last songs that Hemant Kumar sang for Hindi movies. His journey started in 1935 with recording a song for All India Radio, Bengali non-film songs happened in 1937 and first film song was for “Nimai Sanyas” in Bengali in 1941. His first Hindi film came in the form of “Anand Math” of Filmistan in 1952. He had a 50-year long career dedicated to music- he was a Rabindra Sangeet exponent. I am sure we have had Hemantda’s detailed biography in a few posts of this blog.

We remember Hemant Kumar Mukherjee, of the wonderful voice, with a song sung and composed by him in the later part of his career, today on his 99th birth anniversary.


Song-Poochhe to kaun poochhe ye baat aasmaan se(Bees Saal Pehle)(1972) Singer-Hemant Kumar, Lyrics-S H Bihari, MD-Hemant Kumar

Lyrics

poochhe toh kaun poochhe
yeh baat aasmaan se
yeh kaisi dushmani thhi
bijli ko aashiyaan se
poochhe to kaun poochhe

barbaadiyon ko apni
aabaadiyaan samajh le ae
barbaadiyon ko apni
aabaadiyaan samajh le ae
aisa junoon laaye
har aadmi kahaan se
poochhe toh kaun poochhe
yeh baat aasmaan se
yeh kaisi dushmani thhi ee
bijli ko aashiyaan se
poochhe toh kaun poochhe


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3749 Post No. : 14714

“Pehli Shaadi”(1953) was produced by K S Daryani and directed by Ram Daryani for Krishin Productions, Bombay. The movie had Nargis, Bharat Bhushan, Motilal, Gope, Manorama, Gulab, Leela Mishra, Kammo, Chandu etc in it.

The movie had ten songs in it. Two songs from the movie have been covered in the blog in the past.

Here is the third song from “Pehli Shaadi”(1953) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Hemant Kumar. D N Madhok is the lyricist. Music is composed by Robin Chatterji.

Only the audio of this song is available. Seeing that Asha Bhonsle’s voice figured in six out of ten songs of the movie, it would seem that she was the playback singer for the leading lady of the movie, viz. Nargis. So, this song must have been picturised on Nargis.

I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the movie as well as on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Mose kahi na jaayegi tose suni na jaayegi(Pehli Shaadi)(1953) Singer-Hemant Kumar, Lyrics-D N Madhok, MD-Robin Chatterji

Lyrics

mose kahi na jaayegi
tose suni na jaayegi
mose kahi na jaayegi
tose suni na jaayegi
mere gham ki daastaan
mere gham ki daastaan
kaho to karoon bayaan
tose suni na jaayegi

nagri nagri dwaare dwaare
ek deewaana ye hi pukaare
nagri nagri dwaare dwaare
ek deewaana ye hi pukaare
in do nainon ke maare
in do nainon ke maare
bechaare ho sajan jaayen kahaan
mere gham ki daastaan
kaho to karoon bayaan
tose suni na jaayegi

main majboor mera dil majboor hai
tose main pyaar karoon itna kasoor
mera itna kasoor hai
main majboor mera dil majboor hai
tose main pyaar karoon itna kasoor
tere dar ka jogi ban ke
tere dar ka jogi ban ke
meet mere man ke ho sajan jaaun kahaan
mere gham ki daastaan
kaho to karoon bayaan
tose suni na jaayegi
mose kahi na jaayegi
tose suni na jaayegi
mere gham ki daastaan
kaho to karoon bayaan
tose suni na jaayegi


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3620 Post No. : 14429

98 years ago, this day, was born this exceptional artist – Hemant Kumar. A singing voice that is remembered and cherished for it depth and softness. His versatility with the lower octaves is a measure of wonder. And a pleasure to listen to the songs sung by him.

I was checking online today for news and articles on the occasion of his birth anniversary. I found some – new and less recent. What amazes me is the shallowness of research effort that people put into such endeavours. All articles talk about the beginning of his career in Hindi films – ‘Jaal’ (1952) and SD Burman’s “Ye Raat Ye Chandni Phir Kahaan” as a singer; and as a music director – “Nagin” (1954). One article, based on an interview with him, at least gets to the correct debut as a music director – ‘Anand Math’ (1952). But as a singer, the complete period of 1945 to 1951 is completely overlooked.

Not too many songs to list for this part of his career, but at least the correct information needs to be investigated and presented. His debut Hindi film as a singer is ‘Iraada’ from 1945. For the next 5 to 6 years, he is on record as having sung 2 to 3 songs per year, before reaching the early 1950s, and getting the popular acknowledgement.

For today’s remembrance, I present this wonderful song from the film ‘Banphool’ of 1945. The lyrics of this song are written by Narendra Nath Tuli and the music composition is by Dhiren Mitra. This song is a kind of ‘naat’ in the honor of the Almighty, telling about his qualities as a benevolent Master, and as an unforgiving Judge who would impartially impart justice for both the good and the bad deeds. The mukhda (title line) of this song is an exhortation to revere Him and to connect with Him in love and submission, for He is the true benefactor.

लगा उस से लौ तू
मददगार है वो

On this Holy day of Eid celebration, I present this song in the honor of the Almighty, who is essentially the Father figure for this entire creation. Praise Be Upon Him.

And wishing a very Happy Eid to all friends and readers.
Aameen.

 

Song – Laga Us Se Lau Tu Madadgaar Hai Wo  (Banphool) (1945) Singer – Hemant Kumar, Lyrics – Narendra Nath Tuli, MD – Dhiren Mitra (Dhirendra Chandra Mitra)

Lyrics

laga us se. . .
lau tu. . .
madadgaar hai. . . wo

laga us se lau tu
madadgaar hai wo
laga us se lau tu
madadgaar hai wo
laga us se lau tu
tu ban uska banda
ke ghamkhaar hai wo
laga us se lau tu
tu ban uska banda
ke ghamkhaar hai wo
laga us se lau tu

sitamgaar jis par na ye zulm dhaaye
jo sakhti ke aage na sar ko jhukaaye
sitamgaar jis par na ye zulm dhaaye
jo sakhti ke aage na sar ko jhukaaye
nadaar ho kar bhi khudgaar hai jo
nadaar ho kar bhi khudgaar hai jo
tu banda hai uska talabgaar hai wo
laga us se lau tu

haan. . aan
ghani aur muflis pe. . .
waa ik nazar hai. . .
keeneh ki badi ke ey. . .
mutaabiq ajar hai
wo samjhega us se gunehgaar hai jo
wo samjhega us se gunehgaar hai jo
badal uske khoo hai ki
jabbaar hai wo
laga us se lau tu
madadgaar hai wo
laga us se lau tu

laga us se. . .
lau tu. . .
madadgaar hai. . . wo

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————
लगा उस से ॰ ॰ ॰
लौ तू ॰ ॰ ॰
मददगार है ॰ ॰ ॰ वो

लगा उस से लौ तू
मददगार है वो
लगा उस से लौ तू
मददगार है वो
लगा उस से लौ तू
तू बन उसका बंदा
के ग़मखार है वो
लगा उस से लौ तू
तू बन उसका बंदा
के ग़मखार है वो
लगा उस से लौ तू

सितमगार जिस पर ना ये ज़ुल्म ढाये
जो सख्ती के आगे ना सर को झुकाये
सितमगार जिस पर ना ये ज़ुल्म ढाये
जो सख्ती के आगे ना सर को झुकाये
नादार हो कर भी खुदगार है जो
नादार हो कर भी खुदगार है जो
तू बंदा है उसका तलबगार है वो
लगा उस से लौ तू

हाँ॰॰आँ
ग़नी और मुफलिस पे ॰ ॰ ॰
वा इक नज़र है ॰ ॰ ॰
कीन्हे की बदी के ए॰ ॰ ॰
मुताबिक अजर है
वो समझेगा उस से गुनहगार है जो
वो समझेगा उस से गुनहगार है जो
बदल उस के खू है की
जब्बार है वो
लगा उस से लौ तू
मददगार है वो
लगा उस से लौ तू

लगा उस से ॰ ॰ ॰
लौ तू ॰ ॰ ॰
मददगार है ॰ ॰ ॰ वो


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

After a long gap-a very long gap really-I am discussing a song from a Mythological film- Ayodhyapati-56.

This song is sung by Hemant Kumar- who had actually specialised in singing such songs in the decade of 1950s. This decade was a Golden period for Religious films, because as many as 124 Religious, Mythological and devotional films were released in the decade from 1950 to 1959. This worked out to an average of one such film released in every month for 120 months, that is 10 years, continuously. Some of the best Bhajans of Hemant Kumar are from this decade only.

Among Mythological stories, Ram katha has always been the most popular, having a slight edge over Lord Krishna’s stories. No wonder that so many films were made, from the silent era till the 1970s on this topic. After 1970s, the baton of religious films/ stories was passed on to Television and no mythological films, barring some exceptions, have been made during the last 30-40 years.

Film Ayodhyapati was slightly different from the normal movies of this genre, viz Ramkatha. The story content of this film was based on a little known but interesting chapter of Ramayana. It was related to an episode before Rama’s birth.

The central theme of the film ( and it occupied a major portion of the film ) was focused on King Dashratha and queen Kaikeyi.

The name Kaikeyi, when uttered, brings hatred, anger and disgust to one’s mind, as she is branded as a ” Villain ” in Ramayana. If one reads the original version of Ramayana, written by the sage Valmiki, one will find that the truth is entirely different. In film Ayodhyapati, the focus is on Kaikeyi- explaining how she got those two Boons, which changed the course of Ramayana, from king Dashrath.

When I went into details, I learnt so many new things. It seems, all was planned with a purpose. Lord Rama, being an incarnation of Bhagwan Vishnu, had a specific mission on this earth and Kaikeyi was made a vehicle to initiate this mission.

Rama accorded Kaikeyi full respect; he gave her his abode and released her from the cycle of births and deaths. Yet Rama’s devotees find it difficult to forgive her for banishing him to the forest. Tulasidas, however, says it was all a Cosmic Play to destroy the demons. But devotees argue that Rama could have gone to the forest anyway, to destroy the demons. Why drag Sita along? Yet a reading of Ramayana shows that all those who met Rama, Sita and Lakshmana were blessed and they attained life’s goal by seeing, meeting, serving, talking to Rama. Many lives were transformed by the vision of Rama with Sita and Lakshmana. Only one person was forever disgraced and disrespected, and that person was Kaikeyi.

No girl is named Kaikeyi lest she takes on her characteristics. This is the bhakti perspective as Kaikeyi is seen in negative light. A jnani would know that what Kaikeyi contributed to the Cosmic Drama. Hers was the greatest sacrifice as she embraced infamy forever. Rama acknowledges her sacrifice and gives her due respect when they all come to meet him in the forest and when he comes back to Ayodhya later.

Kaikeyi’s maid Manthara’s motives are clear as she wanted to serve the king’s mother. But Kaikeyi’s change of behaviour is strange. Kaikeyi was the daughter of King Ashwapati and the only sister of seven brothers. She was brave, daring, rode chariots, fought wars, was extremely beautiful, played instruments, sang and danced. King Dasaratha saw her on a hunting expedition in Kashmir and fell in love with her. Kaikeyi’s father extracted a promise that her son (his grandson) would ascend the throne. Dasaratha agreed as he had no son from any of his wives. But Kaikeyi did not bear a son and so Dasaratha married Sumitra.

It is only in old age that Dasaratha gets four sons due to a yagna ceremony and Rama is the beloved of all. Kaikeyi loves Rama more than her own son Bharata, so it was inconceivable that she would banish Rama to the forest for 14 years. Sages say all this was going according to a Cosmic Plan. Just as there are several grounds for God’s incarnation as Rama and the creation of Ravana, there are several reasons for Kaikeyi’s actions. Firstly, Dasaratha had promised the throne to Kaikeyi’s son and the promise had to be honoured as was the rule of the Raghu Dynasty- ‘Praan jaaye par vachan na jaaye’- ‘Our words must be honoured even at the cost of our life.’ Second, as a child, Rama told Kaikeyi that since he was the incarnation of Vishnu, he needed an excuse to destroy demons and save sages. He needed someone to banish Him for 14 years and chose Kaikeyi as she was the boldest of the queens. Thirdly, as a child, Kaikeyi had blackened the face of a sage in meditation and he cursed her that she too would get a similar black reputation.

Ramkatha exponent Morari Bapu, gives us a fourth reason. Kaikeyi’s guru Sage Ratna, an astrologer, predicted that she would marry the king of Ayodhya who would die due of grief for his sons. To save the Raghu Dynasty, Kaikeyi would have to ensure that for 14 years no one sat on the throne for that would lead to misfortune. Sage Ratna was father of Shravan Kumar’s grandparents. Shravan Kumar was later killed accidentally by King Dasaratha’s arrow. Shravan Kumar’s grandfather was Sage Dhoumya whose parents were Ratnavali and Sage Ratna. Sage Ratna was a royal priest of Nandigram ruled by King Ashwapati. Sage Ratna had warned her that life as a queen would be very testing and her husband would die of grief for his son. Guru Vasishtha knew of this and decided that grief for son could be death of a son so rather than one son and king dying it would be better that only the king dies. So grief of separation was introduced and Dasaratha was allowed to die. Vasishtha advised Kaikeyi to ask for her two boons — for Rama to be exiled for 14 years and throne for Bharata. He knew that Bharata would never sit on the throne as long as Rama was living. It was Vasishtha who advised Bharata to install Rama’s wooden slippers on the throne if Rama disagreed to return to Ayodhya. The whole drama was planned and the players merely acted.

Kaikeyi had been given two boons for her fighting skills. When Indra, king of gods, requested Dasaratha to fight demon Samhasura, Kaikeyi accompanied him. In the battle Dasaratha’s chariot wheel got loose and Kaikeyi put her little finger in the spoke. Soon she took the chariot to a safe place, changed the wheel, nursed the wounded king and again went in the battlefield and they won. Dasaratha promised her two boons which she laughed away. She had forgotten about these boons but not Vashishtha and Manthara. They advised her to use these boons, but the intentions were different.

Kaikeyi inherited obstinacy from her mother. Once when King Ashwapati and his queen were strolling he heard a pair of birds talking and laughed uncontrollably. Ashwapati, King of Kashmir, had the boon of understanding language of birds, insects and animals. The queen wanted to know what the bird had said but the king replied that according to the boon if he disclosed it he would die. The queen said she didn’t care whether he lived or died but he must tell her what the birds had said. The king banished her forever to her parental home. Kaikeyi was raised by maid Manthara who wanted Kaikeyi to enjoy the highest status.

Kaikeyi knew she would be abused, hated and disliked for all times to come but she agreed to be a part of God’s leela or play.(thanks to speaking tree.in for some information.)

Film Ayodhyapati-56 was produced by A.A.Nadiyadwala, under the banner of Pushpa Pictures. The film was directed by S. Fattelal. Sheikh Fattelal Yasin Mistri was born on 20-10-1897, at Kagal in Kolhapur state of Maharashtra. He was the son of a stone Mason.He took artistic education from Abalal Rehman in Kolhapur. At the age of 21 years, he co-founded Maharashtra Film Company in Kolhapur, with Baburao Painter. He worked as an alround technician, learning many aspects of film making, including cinematography to a perfection. He had a friend Vishnu Govind Damle here, who was with Fattelal till he died.

In 1929, Fattelal left Maharashtra Film Company, along with his friends, Damle, Shantaram, Dhaiber nd Sitaram Kulkarni, to establish Prabhat Film company. He was popularly known as ‘ Saheb Mama ‘. In Prabhat, Fattelal became head of the production department and built sets for all the major films of Prabhat. His sets were appreciated even in Hollywood in those days. He made a team with Damle and they first directed a silent film ” Maharathi Karna “. Their next venture was Talkie film ” Sant Tukaram”-36. This film won laurels all over India and also in the Venice film festival. He worked on film ” Gopal Krishna”-38, ” Sant Dyaneshwar”-40 and ” Sant Sakhu”-42. After Damle died in July 1945, Fattelal directed film ” Jagadguru Shankaracharys”-55 and his last film as a Director was ” Ayodhyapati”-56. Then he retired.
Fattelal died on 24-1-1964 at Bombay.

Fattelal had married actress Gulab bai alias Kamla Devi.She was an actress in Maharashtra film company and later on in Prabhat film company. Most of our readers must have seen the famous Logo of Prabhat Films. It shows a bent lady, blowing ” Tutari “. The lady was Gulab bai, on whom this logo was filmed…by Fattelal himself.

Film Ayodhyapati-56 had 11 songs. One song is already discussed here. Today’s song is the second song.Unfortunately, barring these two, no other song is presently available on You Tube or anywhere on Internet. There is a 3 part very melodious song in this film, which depicts the preparation for young Rama’s proposed coronation, which never took place then.

The cast of the film was Usha Kiran ( Kaikeyi), Abhi Bhattacharya (King Dashrath), Rajkumar-khatri ( Rama), Ratnamala (Seeta), Dar Kashmiri alias Jeevan (Narad) etc etc. We also find a name ‘ Baby Asha Parikh’- who was to debut as a Heroine within 3 years from then on. Today’s song by Hemant kumar is played in the background when lord Rama leaves Ayodhya for the banishment to Jungles for 14 years……..


Song-Chhod chaley aaj hamaare Raam Ayodhya chhod chaley (Ayodhyapati)(1956) Singer-Hemant Kumar, Lyrics-Saraswati Kumar Deepak, MD-Ravi

Lyrics

chhod chale ae ae
aaj hamaare raam ayodhya chhod chaley
chhod chale ae
aaj hamaare raam ayodhya chhod chaley
vanvaasi ban raj dulaare sabse naata tod chaley
mukh mod chaley ae
aaj hamaare raam ayodhya chhod chaley

chala raam ka sewak ban kar laxman jaisa bhai
chali jaanki ban kar apne preetam ki parchhaai
nar naari pashu panchhi sabka manyak(?) naata tod chaley
mukh mod chaley ae
aaj hamaare ram ayodhya chhod chaley

jaise bachhde chhin jaane par dekha karti gaiyya
jaise bachhde chhin jaane par dekha karti gaiyya
waise hi ro ro kar dekhen ram lakhan ko maiya
maaya mamta mahal moh in sabse naata tod chaley
mukh mod chaley ae
aaj hamare raam ayodhya chhod chaley

Laxman bina mahal hai soona
seeta bina rasoi
raam bina hai sooni ayodhya
saari parja royi
chhod ke kaliyon ki galiyaan kaanton se nata jod chaley
mukh mod chaley ae
aaj hamaare
raam ayodhya chhod chaley
aaj hamaare
raam ayodhya chhod chaley


This article is written by Avinash Scrapwala, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

I have in one of my earlier posts mentioned this that music lovers like me always have songs playing in their mind. Or some incidents/memories will always bring some song to mind (that is what I think). For me many things / situations time to time bring me to some song, or it will remind me of some song that I would have listened earlier may be years before or a song which is lying dormant in my memory.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Arab Ka Saudaagar” (1956) was directed by S D Narang for New Original Pictures, Bombay. The movie had Pradeep Kumar, Smriti Biswas, Shashikala, Sundar, Narang, Hiralal etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Phir Bhi”(1971) was produced and directed by Shivendra Sinha for Chhavi Bhaarti, Bombay. I recall this movie as a school kid as a “boring” movie. No, I had not watched it, but I had read its story cum screen play. Those were the days when story and screenplay of movies were published with photographs were published in pocket book format. I recall reading such books for “Kati Patang”(1970) and “Bobby” (1973)as well.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today (23 january 2017) is the 120th birth anniversary of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose (Dob-23 january 1897).

Lots and lots have been written and said about Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose over the decades. We in this blog have also written about him. In fact, I too have written about him in this blog durng his earlier birth anniversaries.
Read more on this topic…


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has over 15100 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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