Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Hemant Kumar songs’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day:

4363 Post No. : 15689

I do not remember when was the last time that I wrote about a NFS. I guess it might have been about 4-5 years ago. There is no specific reason for this gap. I came across a good NFS by Hemant kumar-my favourite singer- that prompted me to take it up for discussion today.

1936 to 1956 was a period when NFS were very very popular, not only in India, but wherever in the world Indian population lived. In western Music, NFS has been a routine since the beginning. For India, where different types of Music existed, it was not possible for one type of music to be popular all over the country. In olden days, like in the period of 1900 to 1940s, the Royalties of various states, depending upon the King’s or the Nawab’s liking and understanding, gave support to Classical music or Ghazals etc. Many Classical singers and Ghazal singers won the Patronage of different states. For the common public, there used to be Jalsas, stage shows or Mushayaras etc. The audience used to be different for each type of singing.

It was somewhere in the mid 1930s when an enterprising pair of a writer and a Musician decided to promote a new type of presentation – singing of Geets. Geet was a type of song which existed in Poetry, but it was not connected with Music in any way. Poet Lyricist Faiyyaz Hashmi and Musician Kamal Dasgupta identified a few aspiring singers and recorded Hashmi’s Geets in their voice. Probably the first ever such Non Filmi Song – a Geet – came out as a 78 RPM record. From 1934 to 1945, this pair (Faiyyaz and Kamal) made NFS extremely popular all over the country. For their 400 recorded songs (in Bangla and Hindi), they selected singers like Jagmohan, Pankaj Mullick, Talat Mahmood, Juthika Roy, Hemant Kumar and few others to sing these Non Film Songs. The NFS thus got established.

Those readers, who are in the age bracket of 60 to 85, will surely remember the popular NFS during their younger days. Sometimes the sales of such NFS exceeded even the popular Film songs! These NFS were popular from Kashmir to Kanyakumari, irrespective of the language barrier. Some of the popular NFS of yore were by Hemant Kumar, Geeta Dutt, Juthika Roy, Jagmohan, K L Saigal, Pankaj Mullick etc. Seeing the popularity of these NFS, even the Film Singers cut their NFS records. Some of them were Lata, Asha, Rafi, Mukesh, Shamshad Begum, Manna Dey, Laxmi Shankar, Jaddan bai, Noorjehan and even Indurani etc etc. These lists are only indicative and not exhaustive.

Today’s NFS is sung by Hemant Kumar (16.6.1920 – 26.9.1989). Hemant Kumar was very fond of singing from his childhood. While in school, one day, one teacher was absent and the period was blank. The boys started pressing HK to sing a song. He too, enthusiastically started singing and all the students started beating the benches to give ‘ music’ to his song. All this commotion went to the Head Master’s room. He came and Hemant was sent home immediately. Next day, his parents met the Headmaster, said sorry and Hemant was allowed in the school again. While he was in H.S.C. he got a call from A.I.R to sing songs.

After HSC, he joined Engineering college, but after an year, he left it and started singing. Columbia cut his few records in Bangla. Then came Bangla film playback singing in film “Nimai Sanyas”. In 1942 he gave a playback in hindi film ‘Meenakshi’-42, under the baton of Panbkaj Mullick. However there was no record issued. In film ‘Irada’-44, Pt. Amarnath gave him an opportunity to sing.

After film ‘Anand Math’-52, he came into Hindi films as an MD. He continued to sing songs even for any MD, who wanted him. Thus he sang more songs for other MDs than for his own films as MD ! On Lata’s insistence, he sang Marathi Koli Geet and some film songs too, in Marathi. He also sang in Gujarati, Punjabi,Oriya and Assamese language films. Vishwa Bharati gave him D.Litt. Sangeet Natak Akademi awarded him in 87. He refused Padmashree and later Padma Bhushan awards.

Today’s song is written by Fayyaz Hashmi, with music by Kamal Dasgupta. This must have been recorded sometime in the early 40s. This song is included in the 1961 LP No.33 E Sx 4252 ” Geets of Hemant Kumar.”

In the 1940s, Kamal Dasgupta was a star composer. He had many firsts to his name. He was the most educated man across the industry in those days. He came to the rescue of singers who were trying to break into the music world. He gave music in the most successful films of the 40s. The sale of his private records touched an all-time high. Yet the man behind many unforgettable melodies has been forgotten.

Kamal was born on July 28, 1912, in Kalia village in the district of Jasore, then in British India (now in Bangladesh). He was initiated into music by his father Prashanna Dasgupta. He later learnt it from his brother Bimal Dasgupta. Afterwards, he became a disciple of the legendary Dilip Kumar Roy and Ustad Zamiruddin Khan. He did his matriculation from Calcutta Academy. Later, he completed his B Com from Komila Victoria Collage. He joined Banaras Hindu University (BHU) for his masters. He earned his PhD from BHU for his work on Mirabai’s bhajaans and music.

Kamal Dasgupta was a versatile musical genius. He used to sing modern songs in Bangala, Hindi, Urdu and Tamil. He was a brilliant composer who composed around 8,000 songs. His first composition was recorded in 1932 in the voice of Satyaboti, (she seems to be the mother of actress Leela Desai). His composition was classical based and folk music. Later he tended to lean towards Thumri style and Naats. In 1935, Kamal Dasgupta joined the Gramophone Company of India in Calcutta as a music director. During this stint, he developed a close and lasting association with the poet Nazrul Islam. They became fond of each other and the relationship lasted for eleven years (1934-45). The culmination of their friendship were 400 songs – inspired by the works of the poet.

Calcutta was the major hub of Indian films produced in the 1930s. New Theatres and Madan Pictures were the main studios along with the other companies. After earning a name with his compositions, Kamal tried his luck in films. His first picture was Pandit Moshai (1936) in Bangla which was followed by Sarbjanin, Vivahotsab and Devyani between 1936-1942. The legendary actor, director Prathmesh Chandra Barua was impressed by his music and gave him a break in Jawaab in 1942. PC Barua directed both the version in Hindi and Bangla. The film was an instant hit. It had cult numbers like Toofan mail ye duniya toofan mail, Ae chand chhup na jana and Kuchh yaad na rahe.

Kamal Dasgupta’s next film was MP productions social, Hospital, starring Kanan Devi, Ahindra Choudhary and Heeralal. The very same year he did another Barua Production, Ranee. The cast included J Ganguly, Kalawati, PC Barua and Jamuna. Like his earlier films, his music became popular. Kamal Dasgupta was as successful in films as he was in his private recording career.

In 1944, he moved to Bombay and did the film Meghdoot (1945), based on the Sanskrit poet Kalidas. Leela Desai and Sahu Modak were in the lead. The film was directed by the legendary Debki Kumar Bose. During his stay in Bombay, he did several films across different genres. His next film was Arabian Nights, directed by Niren Lahari. The cast included Kanan Devi, Nawab and Robin Majumdar. All the numbers of the film became very popular. The same year, he did a social film Bindiya, starring Ragini, Amar, M Shakeer and E Billimoriya. The film was directed by CM Luhar. Kamal Das Gupta used the voices of Anima Dasgupta, Kalyani Das, Hemant Kumar and Amar. His next film was the mythological Krishna Leela (1946) which was directed by Debki Kumar Bose and had Kanan Devi and Paresh Banerjee in the lead. 1946 was the busiest year for Kamal Das Gupta. He did Zameen Asmaan for director Dwarka Khosla, starring Ranjana, Jeevan and Kusum Deshpande.

Coming back to Calcutta, he did Faisala (1947) followed by Manmani. The film had Ragini and Jairaj in the lead. The film was directed by Sarvottam Badami. His last film with his mentor PC Barua was Iran Ki Ek Raat (1949) – a costume drama, starring Jamuna, Narang, Chandrakant and Chandrawati. Its melodious number were: Ulfat mein jise banaya tha, Chhalke chhalke sarabein jawani ke palaye, Kaun hai teer andaaj bada, Ae dil kya and Khel hai ye zindagi. His last release was Phulwari in 1951. He had 40 films to his credit. He gave music to 17 Hindi films. His first film was Jawab-42 and the last Hindi film was Phulwari-51. He had also sung 1 song in Hindi in film Jawab-42.

Following this, the maverick composer got completely disillusioned by the film industry and recording companies. His favourite songs which were sold in the lakhs didn’t carry his name on the jackets. At the age of 44, he married his favourite singer, Firoza Begum and embraced Islam. Kamal Dasgupta, by now, became Kareemuddin Ahmed. He kept on doing movies whenever an offer came. His last film in Bangla was Bodhu Baran in 1967.

He shifted to Dhaka. When Bangladesh became independent, he became a citizen in 1972. The composer was a man of taste. He owned a Buick, a rare thing in Calcutta in the 1950s. He was a great human being. He fed hundreds of people during the Bengal famine. He was also extremely fond of cricket. He was blessed with three sons – Shafin Ahmed, Hamin Ahmed and Tahsin Ahmed. They followed their father in music and cricket. Two brothers played cricket at the state level and Hamin Ahmed was selected for the national team of Bangladesh. Kamal Das Gupta with his failing health and lack of proper medical treatment succumbed to his ailments and passed away in Dhaka on July 28, 1974, at the age of 62.

With all his work in film line, his name will be remembered forever, for making the Geet form of songs in Hindi and Bangla, popular in India. His pioneering contribution to promoting the Non Film Songs, is beyond words. Music lovers throughout the country are indebted to him for this work. Poet Lyricist Faiyaz Hashmi and composer Kamal Dasgupta were regularly churning out wonderful melodies on 78 RPM every month and listeners all over India were enjoying them fully. Surprisingly, while Kamal’s name was written correct, Hashmi was credited in several ways like F Hashmi, F. Hashmi, Faiaz Hashmi, Faiaz Hashumi, Faiyaz Hashmi, Faiyyaz Hashami, Falyyaz Hashmi, Fayyaz Hashimi etc.

Actually,in 1985,Jagmohan Sursagar wrote in his Autobiography…..

” In the initial stages Kamal Dasgupta was influenced by Rabindranath Tagore. Tagore’s songs and compositions(Rabindra sangeet) were extremely popular, but were limited to Bangla people only. Ghazal, qawwali, Dadra, Naat, Thumri, Hori, Kajari etc used to come to market but had a very limited listenership. These never reached the top.

” The fusion of Ghazal,Dadra and Qawali with Bangla Geet style gave birth to Hindi Non Film Songs or geets. As such Geet had a known and accepted place in Literature, but not in Music. To establish this new Genre, Kamal babu used lyrics by Pt.Madhur, Pt. Anjum and Faiyaz Hashmi, got them sung by Jagmohan, Hemant, Talat, Juthika etc. Their records were inscribed with ‘ Hindi Geet (Hindustani Song) ‘. What thus started as NFS Geet from 1936 continued upto next 20 years non stop. “

(adapted, with thanks, from an article by Sharad Dutt, in milleniumpost.in, ‘Yaad kiya Dil ne’ by Subhash Chandra Jadhav and my notes.)

Today’s song is a lovely NFS. I am sure you will love it too.


Song- Main saaz bajaaun tum gaao (Hemant Kumar NFS)(1943) Singer- Hemant Kumar, Lyricist- Faiyaz Hashmi, MD- Kamal Dasgupta

Lyrics

Main saaz bajaaun oon
tum gaao o
tum gaao
Main saaz bajaaun oon
tum gaao o
tum gaao
taaaron main main tumhen suna doon
is dil ki jhankaar aar
geeton mein tum mujhse keh do
chhupi baat ek baar
taaaron main main tumhen suna doon
is dil ki jhankaar aar
geeton mein tum mujhse keh do
chhupi baat ek baar
main tumko kuchh samjhaaun
tum mujhko kuchh samjhaao
main tumko kuchh samjhaaun
tum mujhko kuchh samjhaao
Main saaz bajaaun oon
tum gaao o
tum gaao

mere sur mein dard chhupaa ho o
ek jaadoo ho geet tumhaara
mere sur mein dard chhupaa ho o
ek jaadoo ho geet tumhaara
hum tum donon milen jahaan aan
hum tum donon milen jahaan
(?) wo dariya ka kinaara
meri dhun par maujen tadpen
meri dhun par maujen tadpen
tum geet se lehron ko sharmaao o
tum geet se lehron ko sharmaao o
Main saaz bajaaun oon
tum gaao o
tum gaao


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day:

4361 Post No. : 15684

Today’s song, rather a beautiful Bhajan, is from the film Bhagwat Mahima-55. Earlier 3 songs/Bhajans of this film are discussed here, so it will be the 4th Bhajan from this film to appear here.

The film was made by Filmistan. It was directed by a veteran All-rounder Vithaldas Panchotiya and the music was composed by Hemant kumar- who was famous for creating Bhajans in films.

Hemant Kumar’s associaton with Filmistan started with the film Anand math-52. Director Hemen Gupta recommended his name to S.Mukherjee at that time. Having heard Hemant’s name for his Bangla songs, Mukherjee accepted his name. Earlier C Ramchandra had left Filmistan during the making of film Shabistan-51, due to the interference of his old tormentor Bibhuti Mitra, the film Director.(He was called for the film Anarkali again, after Basant Prakash had left halfway).

Hemant did many films for Filmistan like Shart-54, Samrat-54,Nagin-54, Jagriti-54, Bhagwat Mahima-55 and Durgesh nandini-56. When Hemant was asked to make music for the film Nagin, an interesting event happened. S.Mukherjee had never worked with Master Bhagwan, but he had immense faith in Bhagwan’s Music sense. Most times Mukherjee used to ask Bhagwan’s advice on song tunes of his films. One day, C Ramchandra hosted a party at his bungalow-Sai prasad, Dadar, to celebrate Silver jubilee of film Albela. When the party was in full swing, on the IIIrd floor terrace, Mukherjee called Bhagwan aside and asked him to come with him to the ground floor. Bhagwan was surprised, but without questioning, he accompanied him to the ground floor. There he saw a young man with a Harmonium. Mukherjee said,” Dada, listen to these tunes and give me your opinion.” Then he turned to that young bespectacled man and asked him to play his song tunes. After listening to the tunes, Bhagwan looked excited and said,” My God, kya superb tunes hai ye. Sab gaane hit honge”. That was Hemant Kumar with Nagin Tunes ! Needless to say that Mukherjee passed all tunes.

The decade of 1950s, besides being a part of the “Golden Era” of Hindi film music, also was a very favourable period for Religious films. This was a decade in which maximum number of Mythological/Religious films were made – a record number of 124 films in 10 years’ time. This gave an unprecedented average of One film every month for 10 years at a stretch ! This was a period when joint families still existed and there were many senior citizens in almost every family-who were keen on seeing religious films. The TV had not yet arrived and stage dramas were relegated to the second place in entertainment for families.

During the 1960s and the 1970s, the number of Religious films dwindled, as a variety of topics were handled by films – including the New Wave films, which focused on different issues of the Middle class Indians.

Film Bhagwat Mahima-55 was based on Bhagwat Puran stories. Out of all the 18 Puranas of Hindu religion, Bhagwat Puran is the most popular and most read scripture. It contains 18000 Shlokas in 12 Cantos or Chapters and has stories about Lord Shri Krishna and his devotees. Bhagwat puran has 3 main sections, which emphasize about 1) Bhakti Yog or the Spiritual path to God, 2) Dnyaan Yog or the Wisdom Path and 3) (Nishkaam) Karm Yog or the Virtuous Action Path (without expecting fruits thereof). The entire Puran is about Krishna from his birth to his exit from this world and stories about events and people connected with him throughout his Mortal life.

Hemant Kumar (16-6-1920 to 26-9-1989) excelled in religious films, with his melodious music,often sung in his own voice. Looking at his career statistics, he was more successful as a Singer in Hindi films than as a Music Director. He sang 320 songs in 173 films, while he gave music to only 55 films, composing 423 songs, in his career. I simply love his songs, especially his duets with Lata and Geeta Dutt.

When he first came to Bombay in 1951 to score music for film Anand Math-52, he had a problem with Hindi language pronunciations. As a professional, it is to his credit that he tried hard and successfully corrected his Hindi, while retaining the characteristic Bangla sweetness in his voice. Lata had once said,” when Hemant Kumar sings, you feel a Sadhu is singing !”. Hemant Kumar usually wore a Dhoti and Kurta. His voice was typically different and by nature he was a thorough Gentleman.

The director of this film was Vithaldas Panchotiya. Except those readers, who have a knowledge of early era Hindi films, it is unlikely that other readers might have even heard this name. In the early era, when the studio system was firmly established, the artistes employed by the studio had no specific duties. Anybody and everybody had to do what was needed by the company. Due to this many capable artistes became all rounders in film making.

Vithaldas Panchotiya was certainly one such person. He has been a Producer, Director, story writer, dialogue writer, screenplay writer, lyricist, Singer, Music Director and God knows what else !

Born in October 1906 in Vadnagar in Gujarat, he followed his father’s footsteps. His father worked in stage dramas and toured with the drama company. From the age of 8 years Vithaldas started acting in dramas. Later he joined Calcutta’s Alfred Drama company, owned by Madon Theatres Limited. He worked on a salary of Rs. 35 pm. While working in dramas, he established his own Gujarat Film company and produced 12 silent films in 10 years. Vithaldas first acted in silent film ‘ Dhruv charitra’-1921. He learnt dance and music too. He acted , directed, sang songs and gave music also. He acted in Talkie film ” Muflis Ashiqe”-1932, claimed to be India’s first comedy film. He acted, sang and composed music for this film.

Being a staunch Gandhian, he used to participate in rallies etc. Some of his films were Hindustan-32, Insaf ki Tope-34, Gaibi Gola-35 ( he was the writer and the director too.He gave a break to Baby Noorjahan in this film.), Khudai Khidamadgar-37 aka Garib ki Tope, Takdir ki Tope-38 etc . As per one source, he acted in 35 films, directed 10 talkie films, sang 8 songs, gave music to 1 film and wrote Lyrics to 2 films. Additionally story, dialogues and screenplay writing were also done by him. Some of his films were, Shaikh chilli-37, Khush naseeb-46, Prabhu ki maya-55, Ghar ki numaish-49, Karmaveer-38, Raman-54, Jagriti-54, Hum sab chor hain-56, Basant 60, Bhagvat mahima etc.

I find it very difficult to know exactly how many films he did in various capacities in the 1930s, as there are conflicting claims by him and Master Fida Hussain. In a few cases the details in HFGK and what he claims, gets contradicted. Some of his films in the 40s are Ramanuj-43, Giribala-47, Grihalaxmi-48, Ghar ki Numaish-48 ( released only in 1962, with the title ‘ Jai ho muhabbat ki ‘ )

Thanks to information and statistical data provided by Shri Harish Raghuwanshi ji of Surat, we know that his Filmography consists of a total 11+ 26 films. The break up is-

11 silent films
25 Talkie films as Actor and 1 film as a writer only.
9 films as a Director
2 films as Lyricist and
2 films as Music Director
As per Muvyz data, he sang 37 songs in 8 films.

from 1951 to 1960, he did 13 films- mostly ( 9) for Filmistan. He directed 2 of them. After 1960 his work was reduced. The death of his 3 sons broke him emotionally. As a true Gandhian, it was his dream to make a film- Gandhi Sangram- on mahatma Gandhi. He had done all the spade work and the Muhurat of shooting was also done on 2-10-1987, The Government had promised finance. Even Rajiv Gandhi promised him that. However nothing came to him and he died on 30-10-1996, with his dream unfulfilled.

His daughter Shradha used to work in Gujarati films. She too died in a Train accident in 2000. Her daughter Deepshikha is an actress.

The story of the film Bhagwat Mahima-55 is……

Nagar Seth, a rich man living in one of the gayest cities of India, had everything he wanted in life with one exception. And that was his having no children. His wife, Shanta, consoled him by saying that it was better not to have a child rather than have one who would ruin the fair name of the family by his mis-deeds. She narrated to her husband the story of Sukhram who served his son for three generations in the forms of a bull, a dog and a serpent, even though he could have gone to heaven without doing this service. His son, however, ill-treated the father throughout. Anyway, the story failed to impress Nagar Seth.

One day Shri Jagat Guru Shankaracharya happened to pass through the town. Shanta, who was a disciple of his, requested him to console her husband. In doing so, Shankaracharya narrated a story from the Immortal Classic, Shrimad Bhagvat, wherein Atmadev, also placed in similar circumstances, prayed for a child. Doing penance, Atmadev had `darshan of Narad Muni who gave him a fruit saying that his wife would beget a noble son if she ate the fruit. . Atmadevs wife had no faith in miracles and, on the advice of her sister, Ganga, gave the fruit to her cow.
Ganga, who was expecting a baby, offered her child to Dhundhuli (Atmadevs wife) for some consideration. Thus, Atmadev was made to believe that Ganga’s child was his own. He was named Dhundhukari.

At the same time, the cow which had eaten the fruit, also gave birth to a son who was human in every feature except his ears which were shaped like cows. This boy was also brought up by Atmadev and named “Gokarn”.

Both the boys grew up together and, in due course, became young men. Gokarn, who led a pious and righteous life, became a learned and famous man. Dhundhukari, on the other hand, grew up in bad ways and became the terror of the town. . One day, Dhundhukaris real father, i.e.Ganga’s husband, told Atmadev about his son’s real identity. This so much upset Atmadev that he went away into the forest. There, later, he lost his life.

Champa, a helpless girl and one of the many victims of Dhundhukari, conspired with some of her friends and killed Dhundhukari. Because of his manifold sins, he then became a wandering ghost. . Gokarn, who had now become a Mahatma, was at Gaya offering `Pind Dan to his deceased father when he learned about Dhundhukari’s fate. To relieve him of his ghostly existence, Gokarn offered `Pind Dan not once, but 108 times. Still, he was not successful. He then offered prayers to Suryadev on the advice of learned pandits. Suryadev, pleased with the prayers, blessed Gokarn and asked him to recite Shrimad Bhagvat for the salvation of Dhundhukari’s ghost.

Today’s Bhajan is sung by Hemant Kumar. It is a very good Bhajan rendered equally nicely by Hemant Kumar. I like it very much. You too will.


Song-Digant Nath devta anant roop sohta (Bhagwat Mahima)(1955) Singer- Hemant Kumar, Lyricist-Sarswati Kumar Deepak, MD- Hemant Kumar

Lyrics

om Japakusuma Samkaasham Kashyapeyam Mahadhyuthim
?? Tamorim Sarva Paapaghnam Pranathosmi Divakaram

Digant Nath devata
anant roop sohta
tamas kiran anek se
?? vishw paalate
Digant Nath devata
anant roop sohta
tamas kiran anek se
?? vishw paalate
Digant Nath devata

kripaalu Ravi kripa karo
kripaalu Ravi kripa karo
dayaalu Ravi daya karo
mahaan ye ?? tu
ke tum karo ??te
Digant Nath devata

suna rahe digant ke
anant ?? bhairavi
saja rahe ho tum nishaan
vishw bhar ki aarti
dukhon se ?? mukti do
ubaarne ki yukti do
sabhi ke paap taap ko
prabhu tumhi sanwaarte
Digant Nath devata
anant roop sohta
tamas kiran anek se
?? vishw paalate
Digant Nath devata
Digant Nath devata aa aa
Digant Nath devata aa aa


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4352 Post No. : 15667

A voice that sounds quite mature, dripping with heavy bass – a baritone that appeared to emerge from somewhere deep inside. Playing this sound on the songs like “Zindagi Pyaar Ki Do Chaar Ghadi Hoti Hai”, or “Lele Dard Paraaya Kar De Door Gham Ka Saaya”, or “Jaane Wo Kaise Log The Jinke Pyaar Ko Pyaar Mila”, “Ganga Aaye Kahaan Se. . .”, and many more of this ilk, sounds so natural and, well, so suitable. The deep bass gets to the perfect tone of poignancy that is needed for these songs.

And yet Sachin Da would choose this voice to present the best of the romance-of-the-young-heart songs, when way back in 1952, he recorded “Ye Raat Ye Chandni Phir Kahaan” for a young guitar strumming conman on screen. He would return to this voice again and again, for the same effect. Fast forward to 1955 and he brings on the same voice for a soft romantic song of the night – “Chup Hai Dharti Chup Hain Chaand Sitaare”. Then in 1958, he would once again return to the same voice for the thumping lyrical “Hai Apna Dil To Awaara”, that astoundingly carried the day as the playback. And then in 1962 would be “Na Tum Hamen Jaano. . .“. All four songs – lip synced by Dev Anand onscreen. Only Sachin Da could have visualized the effect of this voice on these romantic creations. And of course, the voice itself, to be able to bring in that young heart effect into the life breath of these songs.

The effect is so endearingly replicated in other songs like “Keh Rahi Hai Zindagi, Jee Sakey To Jee”, and “Beqaraar Kar Ke Hamen Yun Na Jaaiye”, and “Ye Nayan Darey Darey”, or even in “Ek Baar Zara Phir Keh Do Mujhe Sharma Ke Tum Deewaana”, and many more.

Celebrating the birth centennial (on 16 June, 2020) of this magical voice – Hemant Kumar.

This song is from the lesser known film – ‘Raami Dhoban’ from 1953. The film is produced by Ramesh Vyas for the banner Navkala Niketan, Bombay. The film is directed by Hiren Bose, who is also the music director. The star cast of this film is Kamini Kaushal, Abhi Bhattacharya, Tiwari, Ashita, Ramesh Vyas, Shalini, Bannerjee, Mishra, Sankatha Prasad, Rai Mohan, Gautam, Sachin Ghosh, Nandini, Sona Chatterji, Uma Devi, Sulochana Chatterjee, and Prem Adeeb.

The film is a veritable musical, with as many as 14 songs, all written by Ram Murty. Five over these songs are already featured on our blog.

This song is such a beautiful rendition of a sad song of love – “Panchhi Ud Gaya Preet Laga Ke”. I pulled out and heard this beautiful solo song for the first time today. The words tell of a beloved that stole the heart, and has now left, leaving behind loneliness and a broken heart. The words are lovely, and so is the rendition. A vintage Hemant Da song.

Song – Panchhi Ud Gaya Preet Laga Ke  (Raami Dhoban) (1953) Singer – Hemant Kumar, Lyrics – Ram Murti, MD – Hiren Bose

Lyrics

panchhi udd gaya..aa..aa

panchhi udd gaya preet laga ke
panchhi udd gaya..aa..aa
sapnon ki
sapnon ki sukh sajia ke bairi piir basa ke
sapnon ki..ee..ee
sapnon ki sukh sajia ke bairi piir basa ke
panchhi udd gaya..aa..aa

mann ke pinjra chori chori
bandh ke raakhi prem ki dori
mann ke pinjra chori chori
bandh ke raakhi prem ki dori
chhod gaya..aa
chhod gaya haaye mohe dard bhara geet suna ke
chhod gaya..aa
chhod gaya haaye mohe dard bhara geet suna ke
panchhi udd gaya..aa..aa

shaam rang kuchh kaam na aaya
radhe radhe..ey..ey
bol chuka
par bedardi raha na apna
apna ho kar hua paraaya
tod gaya wo prem ki dori
chhod gaya wo nagri mori
tod gaya wo prem ki dori
chhod gaya wo nagri mori
haaye chhalia
haaye chhalia mujhse munh mod gaya tthes laga ke
haaye chhalia
haaye chhalia mujhse munh mod gaya tthes laga ke
panchhi udd gaya..aa..aa
panchhi udd gaya preet laga ke
panchhi udd gaya..aa..aa

———————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————

पंछी उड़ गया॰॰आ॰॰आ

पंछी उड़ गया प्रीत लगा के
पंछी उड़ गया॰॰आ॰॰आ
सपनों की
सपनों की सुख सजिया के बैरी पीर बसा के
सपनों की॰॰ई॰॰ई
सपनों की सुख सजिया के बैरी पीर बसा के
पंछी उड़ गया॰॰आ॰॰आ

मन के पिंजरा चोरी चोरी
बांध के राखी प्रेम की डोरी
मन के पिंजरा चोरी चोरी
बांध के राखी प्रेम की डोरी
छोड़ गया॰॰आ
छोड़ गया हाय मोहे दर्द भरा गीत सुना के
छोड़ गया॰॰आ
छोड़ गया हाय मोहे दर्द भरा गीत सुना के
पंछी उड़ गया॰॰आ॰॰आ

शाम रंग कुछ काम ना आया
राधे राधे॰॰ए॰॰ए
बोल चुका
पर बेदर्दी रहा ना अपना
अपना होकर हुआ पराया
तोड़ गया वो प्रेम की डोरी
छोड़ गया वो नागरी मोरी
तोड़ गया वो प्रेम की डोरी
छोड़ गया वो नागरी मोरी
हाय छलिया
हाय छलिया मुझसे मुंह मोड़ गया ठेस लगा के
हाय छलिया
हाय छलिया मुझसे मुंह मोड़ गया ठेस लगा के
पंछी उड़ गया॰॰आ॰॰आ
पंछी उड़ गया प्रीत लगा के
पंछी उड़ गया॰॰आ॰॰आ


This article is written by Peevesie’s Mom, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day:

4351 Post No. : 15664

Hullo Atuldom

Often when I read the title of some posts i.e. the name of the song associated with the post, I recollect some other song, may be of a different era. This has happened a number of times. Same goes with movie titles too. There are many movie titles that have been repeated over the years and our in-house encyclopedia, Sudhirji and Atulji have written a few posts regarding the same i.e. about titles that have been repeated.

As I was preparing this post I just googled the title “Bandhan” and I found it has been used about 17 times in TV and movie productions language and country no-bar – found a movie by this title in Bangladeshi cinema too (referred imdb.com). Looks like this is a favorite title of Bengali producers who make entertainment material- there is a drama too with the title “Bandhan” (got this too from imdb.com). Of course we do have movies which have words preceding or following “Bandhan” in their titles- “Bandhan Kachche Dhaagon ka”, “Prem Bandhan”, “Bandhan Anjana” etc etc.

But let us concentrate on Hindi movies. We have four movies with the title “Bandhan” in 1940, 1956, 1969 & 1998.

“Bandhan” (1940) had Ashok Kumar and Leela Chitnis in the lead, was directed by N.R. Acharya and was a Bombay Talkies production. It had music by Saraswati Devi and Ramchandra Pal. It had 11 songs 7 by Saraswati Devi and 4 by Ramchandra Pal and all the songs are posted on the blog.

“Bandhan” (1956) was directed by Hemchandra Chunder (info from imdb.com), produced by D.K. Sarkar, had Pradeep Kumar- Meena Kumari- Motilal playing main characters and had music by Hemant Kumar. The blog has 2 out of its 7 songs.

“Bandhan” (1969) directed by Narendra Bedi and produced by G.P.Sippy had Rajesh Khanna- Mumtaz- Anju Mahendroo and had music by Kalyanji Anandji. This movie had 5 songs and 4 are on the blog. Sanjeev Kumar had a special appearance in this “Bandhan”.

All these movies are present on the blog. “Bandhan” (1998) directed by K. Muralimohan Rao had Jackie Shroff- Salman Khan- Ashwini Bhave- Rambha and was produced by Narendra Bajaj. Anand raj Anand and Himesh Reshammiya were the music directors. This movie is yet to debut on the blog and it has some good songs.

16th June 2020 is the 100th birthdate of the legendary music director Hemant Kumar Mukherjee. He was born in Varanasi in the house of his maternal grandfather who was a physician. He is said to have grownup in the Bhawanipore area of Calcutta. His first recorded song was in 1935 for All India Radio. His first disc (non-film) was for the Columbia label in 1937 and the 1941 released Bengali film “Nimai Sanyas” had his first film song. His first Hindi film song was under Pt. Amarnath’s music direction in the 1944 release “Iraada”. Hemantda (as he was addressed affectionately) was one of the foremost exponents of Rabindra Sangeet. His first as a music director was the 1947 release “Abhiyatri” in Bengali. A detailed biography of Hemantda has been done by the stalwarts of the blog in a few posts in the past and I am not an authority on Hemantda.

The statistics page of the blog tells me that Hemantda has given music in 55 Hindi movies with a total of 417 songs of these the blog has 290 songs; also he has sung 322 songs of which the blog has 204 song. That means we have covered 50% of Hemantda as music director and about 75% as singer on the blog.

Today on his birth centenary we shall have one more which has been sung by him too. He also happens to be the music director. The song is written by Rajinder Krishan. On screen it is performed by Pradeep Kumar who is going around preaching that it is ‘good to be human’ and follow the ‘jiyo aur jeene do’ policy. He is accompanied by Asit Sen who is in awe. I don’t know if I am the only one who feels this- Hemant Kumar’s voice was tailor-made for Pradeep Kumar.

Remembering Hemant Kumar on his birth centenary.


Song-Jo milna hai Bhagwaan se (Bandhan)(1956) Singer-Hemant Kumar, Lyrics-Rajinder Krishan, MD-Hemant Kumar

Lyrics

jo milna hai bhagwaan se ae
toh mil pehle insaan se ae
kaise darshan dega maalik
bin poochhe darbaan se
jo milna hai bhagwaan se
toh mil pehle insaan se
kaise darshan dega maalik
bin poochhe darbaan se
jo milna hai bhagwaan se ae

jhoothhe bhed ke bandhan
aur yeh oonch neech ki deewaarein
jhoothhe bhed ke bandhan
aur yeh oonch neech ki deewaarein
prabhu se kaise milne dengi
tujhe beech ki deewaarein
toone khud mushkil kar daale
yeh raste aasaan se
toone khud mushkil kar daale
yeh raste aasaan se
kaise darshan dega maalik
bin poochhe darbaan se
jo milna hai bhagwaan se

laakh chatur tu bane magar
woh sabse bada sayaana hai
laakh chatur tu bane magar
woh sabse bada sayaana hai
apna aap chhupaa kar
bunta jag ka taana baana hai
chaturaai na bhaaye usey
woh pyaar kare anjaan se
chaturaai na bhaaye usey
woh pyaar kare anjaan se
kaise darshan dega maalik
bin poochhe darbaan se
jo milna hai bhagawan se

uska hona hai jo tujhko
bandon ka tu ho ja
apna aap mita de moorakh
aur usi mein kho ja
uska hona hai jo tujhko
bandon ka tu ho ja
apna aap mita de moorakh
aur usi mein kho ja
neecha kar woh kaam nikaale
jo nikle na maan se
kaise darshan dega maalik
bin poochhe darbaan se
jo milna hai bhagwaan se
toh mil pehle insaan se
kaise darshan dega maalik
bin poochhe darbaan se
jo milna hai bhagwaan se ae


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day:

4309 Post No. : 15584

————————————-
Regional language songs in Hindi movies- 1
————————————–

I had heard of ‘Rabindra Sangeet’ many years back in the context of our national anthem. Without knowing much about Rabindra Sangeet, in my younger days, I used to think that like Hindustani classical music, Carnatic classical music, folk music, Western classical music etc, Rabindra Sangeet was a different genre of music. (Now that I know it, I was not off the mark then). When I got associated with our Blog about 10 years back, I started looking at the Hindi film songs in a wider perspective encompassing, among other things, the genres of and the artists behind the Hindi film music. It was during the course of writing articles for the Blog covering songs of the golden period of Hindi film music, singers, lyricists and music directors that I came to know much about Rabindra Sangeet and its influence in Hindi film songs.

Rabindra Sangeet (Tagore songs) refers to over 2000 Bangla songs which were penned and set to music by Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore. During the course of my search on Rabindra Sangeet, I had come across a very informative website, http://www.geetabitan.com, dedicated to Rabindra Sangeet. The website is the repository of around 2200 songs written and composed by Gurudev during his life time. The website gives the main features of each of song with lyrics in Bangla and English with English translations wherever available. The songs are also classified in 6 main themes – Devotion, Patriotic, Love, Nature, Ceremonial and Amazement. In addition, other features of the songs such as raag, taal, and background history etc are also given. I also found that Rabindra Sangeet is complete with swarlipi (notations) which indicates that the system of notations in Indian music may have started with Rabindra Sangeet.

With the help of the lyrics in English, I have listened to many songs on the video sharing platform with the support of English translations. I am aware of the limitation of translation in English of the original Bangla songs or for that matter of any language. But for a non-Bengali like me, translation serves the purpose of understanding something about the song rather than not knowing at all. In a nutshell, Rabindra Sangeet is the amalgam of Hindustani classical music, Bangla folk music, and Western classical music. What attracts a non-Bengali like me to listen to Rabindra Sangeet is the unique sounding melody embedded in the song even though the full understanding of the meaning of the song would have enhanced the listening pleasure. Nevertheless, I feel like listening to Tagore songs again and again. They are soothing to my ears and they sounds like prayers.

It is well known fact that some of Mirza Ghalib’s ghazals can be interpreted differently by different persons. Based on the English translation of Tagore songs, I feel that some of these songs may have multiple interpretations. Probably, the interpretation of Tagore songs could be one of the debating issues for ‘bhadralok’ in the poetic soirees or even in the Coffee House. Hence, like Mirza Ghalib’s ghazals, Rabindra Sangeet would always remain one of the topics for discussion among the musicians. It is because of such interests and the spirituality in Tagore songs that Rabindra Sangeet retains its popularilty even after nearly hundred years when the songs were written and composed.

It is believed that Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore started writing and composing songs since 1875. But his songs were rendered mostly in the confines of Shantiniketan by his students of music and his plays. The credit for making Rabindra Sangeet popular among the masses goes to Pankaj Mullick. ‘Mukti’ (1937) was the film in which Tagore songs featured for the first time.

During the making of the film ‘Mukti” (1937), Pankaj Mullick, the music director for the film, had gone to meet Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore to seek his permission to use the song ‘diner sheshey ghumer deshey’ in the film. Pankaj Mullick was not sure whether he could get the nod from Gurdev as till then, Tagore songs were not used in the films. Moreover, Gurudev had not yet set the music for the song under consideration. Pankaj Mullick rendered the song which was set to music by him, in the presence of Gurudev who was so much impressed by his rendering of the song that he not only allowed Pankaj Mullick to use the song with his music in the film but also allowed him to set to music those Tagore songs which Gurudev had not find time to set to the tune. In the event, Pankaj Mullick got a rare distinction of being the only composer allowed by Gurudev to set tunes to his songs. [Based on http://www.pankajmullickfoundation.org/%5D. Later on, Pankaj Mullick devoted his efforts to make the Rabindra Sangeet popular by singing them on All India Radio and in the concerts.

On the basis of the number of song clips of Rabindra Sangeet available on the video sharing platforms, I feel that among the old stalwarts, Hemant Kumar, Debabrata Biswas, Dwijen Mukherjee, Kanika Banerjee, Suchitra Mitra, Sroboni Sen etc have immensely contributed to to make Rabindra Sangeet popular among the masses.

The popularity of Rabindra Sangeet influenced some of the music directors, especially of Bangla and Hindi films. Just like we say that a song is based on folk music, similarly, it has become common to say that song is influenced by Rabindra Sangeet. There are instances where Hindi films songs have been inspired from Rabindra Sangeet especially under the music direction of Pankaj Mullick, Anil Biswas, Salil Chowdhury. Hemant Kumar, S D Burman, R D Burman etc who hail from Bengal. There are many Hindi film songs inspired from Rabindra Sangeet but here, I will give only few examples:

Anil Biswas: Raahi matwaale (Rabindra Sangeet: ore grihobashi khol dwaar khol)

S D Burman: naina deewaane ek nahin maane (Rabindra Sangeet: shedin dujone dulechhune bone)

Hemant Kumar: mann mera udta jaaye (Rabindra Sangeet: man mor meghe sangi)

Salil Chowdhury: saawan ki raaton mein aisa bhi hota hai (Rabindra Sangeet: jete jete akla pothe)

Kishore Kumar: panthhi hoon us path kaa (Rabindra Sangeet: pather shesh kothay)

Rajesh Roshan: bandan khula panchhi udaa (Rabindra Sangeet: pagla hawaar baadol dine)

Some of the music directors seems to have used some parts of the tunes from Rabindra Sangeet which for a lay man it is difficult to pin point. I can only get some feel of Rabindra Sangeet in some of the songs composed by Anil Biswas like in ‘Anokha Pyaar’ (1948) and ‘Aaraam’ (1951). Some songs of R D Burman’s last film ‘1942 – A Love Story (1994) gives the shades of Rabindra Sangeet. Some of the other songs composed by S D Burman have some traces of Rabindra Sangeet. I found an interesting trivia about a small part of the tune taken from Rabindra Sangeet in jaane wo kaise log thhe jinko pyaar se pyaar mila :

In a conversation between S D Burman and Pulak Bandhyopadhyay, the Bangla film lyricist, S D Burman had revealed that the second verse of the mukhda of the song i.e., hamne to jab kaliyaan maangi kaanthon kaa haar mila’ was inspired from the second verse of our national anthem ‘Punjab Sind Gujarat Maratha Dravid Utkal Banga’. [Source: S D Burman – The Prince Musician – Anirudha Bhattacharjee and Balaji Vittal (2018).]

Rabindra Sangeet has a special place in ‘Hamraahi’ (1945) which had two Tagore songs in Bangla. One Tagore song, jan gan man adhinaayak jaya he has been covered in the Blog. The second Tagore song is ‘modhu gandhe bhara mridu snigdho chhaaya’ which are rendered by Binota Bose (Roy) and Hemant Kumar. The song was written and composed by Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore.

‘Hamraahi’ (1945) was a Hindi remake of Bangla film ‘Udayare Pathe’ (1944). It was a debut Bangla feature film for Bimal Roy as a director who also directed its Hindi remake. Both the versions of the film had, more or less the same star cast which consisted of Radhamohan Bhattacharya, Binota Bose (Roy), Rekha Mallik (Mitra), Maya Basu, Tulsi Chakraborty, Dev Bala, Parul Kar, Manorama etc. Interestingly, the Tagore song under reference was not there in the Bangla version of the film.

Since the song under discussion is in Bangla, I have taken the lyrics in English as well as the English translation from http://www.geetabitan.com. I know that the feelings expressed in Bangla in Tagore songs are difficult to replicate in English translation. The words are in Sanskritised Bangla. The song seems to convey the emotion through nature.

Anil Biswas used the complete tune of this Tagore song for mere chanchal naina madhur ras ke bhare in ‘Angulimaal’ (1960).

Audio Clip:

Song-Modhu gandhe bhara mridu snigdho chaaya (Humraahi)(1945) Singers-Binota Bose, Hemant Kumar, Lyrics-Rabindranath Tagore, MD-Rabindranath Tagore

Lyrics
(Sourced from http://www.geetabitan.com)

modhu gandhe bhaara
mridu snigdho chhaaya
nipo kunjo tale
shyamo kaantimoyi kon swapnomaaya
phire brishti jale
ae ae ae ae
gandhe bhaara
phire rakto aloktako dhouto paaye
dhaara sikto baaye
ae ae ae ae
phire rakto aloktako dhouto paaye
dhaara sikto baaye
ae ae ae ae ae ae
megho mukto sahasyo shashanko kaala
snithi praante jwaale
megho mukto sahasyo shashanko kaala
snithi praante jwaale
ae ae ae ae
gandhe bhara
mridu snigdho chhaaya
nipo kunjotale
shyamo kaantimoyi kon swapnomaaya
phire brishti jale
ae ae ae ae
gandhe bhara

piye uchchhalo tarol prolayo modira
un mukhoro tarongini dhaay adhira
piye uchchhalo tarol prolayo modira
un mukhoro tarongini dhaay adhira
kaar nirbhiko murti tarongo dole
kalo mandro role
kaar nirbhiko murti tarongo dole
kalo mandro role
ae taarahaara nihsimo andho kare
ae ae ae ae
kaar taroni chole
ae taarahaara nihsimo andho kare
ae ae ae ae
kaar taroni chole
modhu gandhe bhara
mridu snigdho chhaaya
nipo kunjotale
shyamo kaantimoyi kon swapnomaaya
phire brishti jale
ae ae ae ae
gandhe bhara…aa

————————————-
English translation (source: http://www.geetabitan.com)
———————————————-

Passionate is languor,
That roam about in the dripping wetness,
Like a dark silhouette of a veiled maid
Under the arbour of kadam trees,
Delightfully fragrant and sombre.
Treading on red-alta washed feet,
Heading the gentle breeze, moist;
Sporadic flashes on forehead,
Smiling crescent peeping through clouds.
She swirls amuck, gurgling,
Having taken elixir of catastrophe.
Emerges from the roaring streams
A face of a valour, unknown.
In this star-less darkness of the night
Who sails his raft all alone.
_____________


This article is written by Avinash Scrapwala, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4206 Post No. : 15396

Today 23rd January (2020) is the 123rd birth anniversary of one of the greatest ‘sons of this soil’, a great visionary, courageous and brave leader Subhash Chandra Bose.

On this occasion, today I am presenting a song from the ‘1966’ movie ‘Netaji Subhashchandra Bose-1966’.

If we look at the movies made on the life of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, we have the following movies represented on the blog so far.

SNo Movie Year of the movie
01 Pehla Aadmi 1950
02 Netaji Subhashchandra Bose 1966
03 Subhash Chandra 1978
04 Bose- The forgotten hero 2004

Other films inspired by Subhash Bose and INA are,

  1. ’Samadhi’ (1950) was inspired from Indian National Army and it had couple of patriotic songs too).
  2. ‘Ami Subhash Bolchi’ (2011) (Bangla) – a film about a social movement in Bengal inspired by the vision of Subhash Bose (something akin to ‘Lage Raho Munna Bhai’ (2006)).
  3. ‘Raag Desh’ (2017) – a film about the famous Red Fort trials in which the leading soldiers of INA, Colonel Prem Sahgal, Colonel Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon, and Major General Shah Nawaz Khan, were tried by the British Govt. for sedition and waging war against the British Empire. They were sentenced to deportation for life, but the public outcry in favor of these soldiers was so great that the British were forced to release all the defendants. The protest slogan of ‘Sehgal-Dhillon-Shah Nawaz’ became very popular amongst the masses.
  4. ‘Gumnaami’ (2019) – a film based on the Mukherjee Commission Hearings during 1999 to 2005, which investigated the question whether Subhash Bose had died in a plane crash in Taiwan (in 1946).

*(I would request our knowledgeable readers to correct and suggest if  there are any other movies that may have been missed above).

‘Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose’ was directed by Hemen Gupta for ‘Adarshlok, Bombay’.

The cast of this movie included Abhi Bhattacharya, Jaimala, Bipin Gupta, Ulhas, Maxworth, Padma Devi, Niranjan Sharma, N.R. Madholkar, Leela Mishra, Rajeshwar Dayal, Sudarshan Sethi, Mouni Chatterjee, Kant Kumar, Paresh Kumar, Munshi Niyamatulla, Kishan Raj, Mohan Kaul, Jaisingh, Sawant, Kamal Kapoor, Moore, Vulga, Supariwala, Panna Kapoor, Harry, Pears and Kelli.

This movie had five songs penned by Kavi Pradeep and composed to music by Salil Chaudhary. Mohd Rafi, Manna Dey, Savita Bannerjee, Hemant Kumar had given their voices to the songs in this movie.

Three songs from this movie have been posted on the blog earlier. Today’s song is the fourth song from this movie to be posted on the blog. As per HFGK this song is sung by Mohd Rafi, Hemant Kumar and chorus.

As mentioned above lyrics are by Kavi Pradeep and music is by Salil Chaudhary.

Let us listen to this song and pay our tributes and salute to Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose and his contribution in the freedom struggle of India.


Song-Dushmanon Saavdhaan (Netaji Subhashchandra Bose)(1966) Singers-Rafi, Hemant Kumar, Lyrics-Kavi Pradeep, MD-Salil Chaudhary
Rafi + Hemant Kumar
Chorus

Lyrics

dushmanon
saavdhaan
shatruon
saavdhan
chal pade hai aaj
hind ke jawaan
sar pe baandh kar kafan
seena taan
chhod do
chhod do
chhod do o o
paapiyon hamaara hindustaan

dushmanon
saavdhaan
shatruon
saavdhan

chal pade hai aaj
hind ke jawaan
sar pe baandh kar kafan
seena taan
chhod do
chhod do
chhod do o o
paapiyon hamaara Hindustaan

dushmanon
saavdhaan
shatruon
saavdhan

jaa chukaa hai waqt
dagaabaaz tumhaara
ab na rahega
ye takht-o-taaj tumhaara
jaa chukaa hai waqt
dagaabaaz tumhaara
ab na rahega
ye takht-o-taaj tumhaara
dhool mein mil jaayega
ye raaj tumhaara
maut se muqaabla hai
aaj tumhaara
tumpe ham m m
tumpe ham girenge
vajr ke samaan
dushmanon
saavdhaan
shatruon
saavdhan

jhanjhanaa rahaa suno
akaash zaalimon
hoga ab tumhaara sarvnaash
zaalimon
jhanjhanaa rahaa suno
akaash zaalimon
hoga ab tumhaara sarvnaash
zaalimon
denge ham bichhaa
tumhaari laash zaalimon
kaal ban ke aaya hai
subhash zaalimon
ham chaley ae
ham chaley
hatheliyon pe leke jaan

dushmanon
saavdhaan
shatruon
saavdhan
chal pade hai aaj
hind ke jawaan
sar pe baandh kar kafan
seena taan
chhod do
chhod do
chhod do o o
paapiyon hamaara Hindustaan
dushmanon
saavdhaan
shatruon
saavdhan

o ho o o o o
o ho o o o o
o ho o o o o
o ho o o o o

——————————————

(lines* not included in above song)

ham ladenge tumse
jab talak hai dam mein dam
hamko apni pyaari Janmabhoomi ki qasam
ab nahin rukenge
ye badhte huye qadam
mar kar bhi kar jaayenge
aazaad Hind ham
mar kar bhi rakhenge
ham watan ki shaan
dushmanon
saavdhaan
shatruon
saavdhan

(*as mentioned in the complete lyrics of Kavi Pradeep in the book ‘Kavi Pradeep Ka Hindi Sahitya Mein Avdaan’ by Dr. Dinesh Chandra Awasthi)
—————————————————–
Devnagri Script lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
—————————————————–
दुश्मनों
सावधान
शत्रुओं
सावधान
चल पड़े है आज
हिन्द के जवान
सर पे बाँध कर कफ़न
सीना तान
छोड़ दो
छोड़ दो
छोड़ दो ओ ओ
पापियों हमारा हिंदुस्तान

दुश्मनों
सावधान
शत्रुओं
सावधान

चल पड़े है आज
हिन्द के जवान
सर पे बाँध कर कफ़न
सीना तान
छोड़ दो
छोड़ दो
छोड़ दो ओ ओ
पापियों हमारा हिंदुस्तान

दुश्मनों
सावधान
शत्रुओं
सावधान

जा चुका है वक़्त
दगाबाज़ तुम्हारा
अब न रहेगा
ये तख़्त ओ ताज तुम्हारा
जा चुका है वक़्त
दगाबाज़ तुम्हारा
अब न रहेगा
ये तख़्त ओ ताज तुम्हारा
धुल में मिल जाएगा
ये राज तुम्हारा
मौत से मुकाबला है
आज तुम्हारा
तुमपे हम म म
तुमपे हम गिरेंगे
वज्र के सामान
दुश्मनों
सावधान
शत्रुओं
सावधान

झनझना रहा सुनो
आकाश जालिमों
होगा अब तुम्हारा सर्वनाश
जालिमों
झनझना रहा सुनो
आकाश जालिमों
होगा अब तुम्हारा सर्वनाश
जालिमों
देंगे हम बिछा
तुम्हारी लाश जालिमों
काल बन के आया है
सुभाष जालिमों
हम चले ए
हम चले
हथेलियों पे लेके जान

दुश्मनों
सावधान
शत्रुओं
सावधान

चल पड़े है आज
हिन्द के जवान
सर पे बाँध कर कफ़न
सीना तान
छोड़ दो
छोड़ दो
छोड़ दो ओ ओ
पापियों हमारा हिंदुस्तान
दुश्मनों
सावधान
शत्रुओं
सावधान

ओ हो ओ ओ ओ ओ
ओ हो ओ ओ ओ ओ
ओ हो ओ ओ ओ ओ
ओ हो ओ ओ ओ ओ

(*पंक्तियाँ जो कवि प्रदीप के गीत में है और शायद यहाँ फिल्म में या रिकॉर्डिंग में शामिल नहीं की गयी)

हम लड़ेंगे तुमसे
जब तलक है दम में दम
हमको अपनी प्यारी जन्मभूमि कि क़सम
अब नहीं रुकेंगे
ये बढ़ते हुए क़दम
मर कर भी कर जायेंगे
आज़ाद हिन्द हम
मर कर भी रखेंगे
हम वतन की शान
दुश्मनों
सावधान
शत्रुओं
सावधान


This article is written by Raja, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day : 4116 Post No. : 15269

Here is that date again.

The 25th of October is a date that many Hindi film lovers, and lovers of shaayari, remember with some pain. For it was on the 25th of October 1980 that one of the tallest figures of the industry, and certainly of the world of poetry, bade farewell to us.

Sahir Ludhianvi.

I’m usually careful with my choice of adjectives, especially when using them in the superlative. But in the case of Sahir, I don’t have the slightest hesitation in saying “one of the tallest”. For he comfortably satisfies this criterion.

There have been more famous figures in the industry.

And there have certainly been more popular and liked figures in the industry. If anything, Sahir, with his uncompromising nature, and and ego and mood to match, wasn’t the easiest person to get along with.

And yet, when it comes to stature, that too in his particular field, Sahir was truly a giant.
Without belittling any of the others who also produced outstanding work in the form of lyrics, Sahir always seemed to be in a league of his own.

They say that an actor is not real – after all, it is his job to act. He is only putting on a show. Which is one reason Kishore Kumar preferred singing to acting. He felt a singer can put his heart and soul into a song, whereas an actor’s job is to pretend.

A lyricist goes a step further than even a singer.

While a singer can put his heart and soul into a song, he does not create it. He only renders it.

The text comes from the lyricist.

And therefore the lyricist has the best chance of putting his heart and soul into his creation. He talks to his audience through his lines. He can use his poetry as an outlet for his thoughts, his feelings, his joys and his frustrations.

And I feel no one did this better than Sahir.

With Sahir, what you saw was what you got.

Sahir was pretty much an open book in terms of his preferences, his likes and dislikes. Nothing duplicitous or fake about him. He had strong views on certain topics, and he had absolutely no qualms about expressing them.

He even got into trouble early in his life with the Government of Pakistan for this reason – and fled Lahore (and thus, Pakistan) to come to India in 1949.

Imagine if this had not happened. Imagine what might have been lost to us.

Whatever issues Indians might have with the Government of Pakistan, I thank the Pakistan Government, on behalf of all Indians, for creating an “enabling” environment for Sahir to move to India. 🙂

And Sahir never looked back.

From “thandi hawayen” (Naujawan-1951), the song that got him noticed, to “pal do pal ka saath hamaara” (The Burning Train-1980), one of the last films for which he wrote lyrics, Sahir was one of the most highly regarded lyricists of his time.

I remember saying this before. When Sahir passed away, I only knew his name as a lyricist. In those days, still a teenager, I had limited knowledge of song details. I’d know the song, and the singer. Yes, some chance I’d know the composer, but unless I’d listened carefully to the lyricist’s name while listening to it on radio, not much chance I’d know the lyricist. In those days, to be honest, I enjoyed songs without knowing whether it was a Majrooh or Sahir or Shailendra or Hasrat Jaipuri song.

With this limited knowledge, I read the obituary on Sahir in the Illustrated Weekly of India in 1980. It was a fairly long obituary, and naturally many of his songs were mentioned.

That was when it hit me.

Oh, “aage bhi jaane na tu” was Sahir’s?

And “ye raat ye chaandni phir kahaan”?

Oh, and “udey jab jab zulfen teri” also?

And “abhi na jao chhod kar”?

And “zindagi bhar nahin bhoolegi wo barsaat ki raat?”

And “tu Hindu banega na Musalmaan banega”?

Oh, and “jeevan ke safar mein raahi” also?

And “tadbeer se bigdi hui taqdeer bana le”?

There were many more – and each one was a song I knew, a classic. Yet, such was my pathetic knowledge at the time of who the lyricist was, that I never realized these were all Sahir.

At that time, if you’d asked me to mention a few Sahir songs, I’d have come up with Pyaasa and Kabhie Kabhie songs. These I always knew as Sahir songs. But I am ashamed now to think of how ignorant I otherwise was.

It was only at that moment I realized what a legend Sahir had been. And what the world had lost.

After that, I paid a lot more attention to the lyricist, while listening to songs.

And often it was Sahir.

Much later in life, I read that it was only on Sahir’s insistence that All India Radio itself started mentioning the name of the lyricist also, in its radio programmes.

It was not only the name of the lyricist, but also the lyrics themselves, that I started paying attention to.

And that is when I realized that Sahir’s lyrics were different.

They were deep, they conveyed an emotion that came from the heart – and often a strong emotion at that. They were not the “baith ja, baith gayi, khadi ho ja, khadi ho gayi” types.

If today lyrics are a very big, in fact the biggest, part of my love for a song, it is entirely due to Sahir. I listen to lyrics carefully today – no appreciation of a song is complete for me, without appreciating the lyrics.

Whether Sahir was writing romantic poetry (“abhi na jao chhod kar”) or mocking the government for its failures (“cheen-o-Arab hamaara”), whether he was lamenting the state of society (“jinhe naaz hai Hind par wo kahaan hain”), or trying to uplift those seemingly with no hope (“wo subah kabhi to aayegi”), whether he was exhorting the oppressed to fight for their rights (“ponchh kar ashq” , “na munh chhupa ke jiyo”), or showing a mirror to society about its treatment of women (“aurat ne janam diya mardon ko”), whether he was trying to promote communal harmony (“tu Hindu banega na Musalmaan banega”), or talking about the futility of war (“khuda-e-bartar”), every single time Sahir’s lyrics tugged at your heart strings.

Not just because the poetry was beautiful and the lyrics powerful (which they absolutely were), but because you could feel that every word was written with heart and soul. No wonder it went straight from Sahir’s heart to our hearts.

You could feel Sahir’s anguish and despair when he says “ye duniya agar mil bhi jaaye to kya hai”. Or his cynicism when he says “aasmaan pe hai khuda aur zameen pe hum, aajkal wo is taraf dekhta hai kam”.

At the same time, you could feel the romance in the air, with “tum agar saath dene ka waada karo” and “parbaton ke pedon par”. Just listen to poetry like “thehre thehre paani mein, geet sarsaraate hain….bheege bheege jhonkon mein, khushbuon ka deraa hai”. Waah!
And “abhi na jao chhod kar”, one of my alltime favourites, and surely one of the most perfect songs ever in every respect.

Sahir’s poetry for the hurt felt by the jilted lover was no less powerful. “Jaane wo kaise log the jinke pyaar ko pyaar milaa”. Or lines like “laut rahi hain meri sadaayen, deewaaron se sar takra ke….haath pakad kar chalne waale, ho gaye rukhsat haath chhuda ke (sad version of in hawaon mein)”. And of course, “chalo ek baar phir se ajnabi ban jaayen hum dono” with lines like “wo afsaana jisey anjaam tak laana na ho mumkin, usey ek khoobsoorat mod dekar chhodna achha”.

Then you have the Barsaat Ki Raat qawwalis. Roshan’s masterpiece “na to karwaan ki talaash hai” merging into “ye ishq ishq hai ishq ishq” is one of the greatest ever compositions in Hindi cinema, with Sahir’s contribution in lyrics being no less significant. With lines like “jo dawaa ke naam pe zeher do, us chaaraagar ki talaash hai”.

I can go on and on. Dharamputra, Taj Mahal, Aaj Aur Kal, Mujhe Jeene Do, Chitralekha, Kaajal, Waqt, Neel Kamal, Humraaz, Bahu Begum, Aadmi Aur Insaan. Each one with memorable lyrics. One of my favourites is “poochhe koi ki dard-e-wafaa kaun de gaya, raaton ko jaagne ki sazaa kaun de gaya…kehne se ho malaal, to hum kya jawaab dein….duniya kare sawaal, to hum kya jawaab dein”.

Although Sahir was less productive in the 70s, he still came up with poetry that reminded us of Sahir of yore. The 70s was a decade where poetry began steadily losing ground to more “chaalu” lyrics. Urdu also began losing ground in the process.

This was a development that Sahir could not prevent, but did leave him disillusioned. His “main pal do pal ka shaayar hoon” very correctly represents his then state of mind. He continued to write though, but mostly for the Chopra family’s films, for films like Karm, Trishul, Insaaf Ka Tarazu, Kaala Patthar and The Burning Train.

Since Sahir started as a poet, and moved into film song lyrics, the sense of poetry comes across strongly in his lyrics. Much like with Kaifi Azmi.

So much for Sahir’s poetry. No one can do justice to it in one article. I’ve barely scraped the surface.

But what really makes me put Sahir on a different pedestal altogether is not the QUALITY of his poetry, but the CONTENT of his poetry.

Clearly Sahir was a rebel, a non-conformist.

And his poetry often reflected this, since he wrote straight from the heart.

But importantly, he never shied away from expressing his views. He never tried to be politically correct. He showed society a mirror, whether society liked it or not. For example, his line “kaho ji tum kya kya khareedoge, yahaan to har cheez bikti hai” is a much underrated, but powerful, line, in my opinion.

Yes, he railed and ranted – whether it made a difference or not. “Samaj ko badal daalo” he wrote.

Today, 39 years after his death, we are still languishing with most of the ills that existed in Sahir’s time, and which he spoke against.

It is a sad commentary of our times that many of his laments feel just as relevant today as they felt then. Yes, “aurat ne janam diya mardon ko, mardon ne usey bazaar diya” and “tu Hindu banega na Musalmaan banega, insaan ki aulad hai insaan banega” are just as relevant in 2019, as they were in 1958-59.

If Sahir were alive today, he’d probably be writing just as strongly today as he wrote then. The issues haven’t gone, sadly only Sahir has.

That’s a sobering thought.

Now, let’s move on to the song for today.

It’s from the 1969 film, Paisa Ya Pyaar.

As has now become customary :-), the lyrics for this song have been sent to me by Avinashji.

I remember seeing this film as a young boy, but I don’t remember the story now. It was a remake of a Tamil film Panama Paasama, starring Gemini Ganesan and Saroja Devi, which was a pretty big hit at the time. In fact, the name Panama Paasama, translates in Hindi to Paisa Ya Pyaar.

I remember the song “Ber lo, ber lo” was a lift from the very popular “yelantha pazham yelantha pazham” song of Panama Paasama. 🙂

But today’s song is different. It is a typical Sahir song – Insaan ne paise ke liye.

Here, Sahir’s lament is about how money destroys relationships. He talks about how people lose everything, even their own self-respect, for money. He concludes by saying that love is the biggest wealth there is.

The song is sung by Hemant Kumar, music composed by Ravi.

Please do listen.

I’d like to end by saying that Sahir was wrong in one respect.

He wrote

“kal koi mujh ko yaad kare
kyon koi mujhko yaad kare
masroof zamaana mere liye
kyon waqt apna barbaad kare”

Sahir saab, I can only say you grossly underestimated our love and respect for you.

jo aapse mila hai, wo itna hai anmol
roz sunte hain, aap hi ke hum bol
aap ko bhool jaayen, ye mumkin nahin
aap ki yaad na aaye, aisa koi din nahin

Thank you SO MUCH for what you’ve given us, Sahir saab.

And, very importantly, for just being you.

Video

Audio

Song-Insaanon ne paise ke liye aapas ka pyaar mita daala (Paisa Ya Pyaar)(1969) Singer-Hemant Kumar, Lyrics-Sahir Ludhainvi, MD-Ravi

Lyrics (based on audio link) (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)

Insaanon ne ae
Paise ke liye
Aapas ka pyaar mitaa daalaa
Insaanon ne ae
Paise ke liye
Aapas ka pyaar mitaa daalaa
Hanste baste ghar phoonk diye
Dharti ko narak banaa daalaa

Mitti se nikaala sone ko
Sone se banaaye mahal magar
Mitti se nikaala sone ko
Sone se banaaye mahal magar
Jazbaat ke naazuk rishton ko
Mitti ke taley dafnaa daalaa
Insaanon ne
Paise ke liye
Aapas ka pyaar mitaa daalaa

Deen aur dharam ko haar diya
Neki ko badi par waar diyaa
Deen aur dharam ko haar diya
Neki ko badi par waar diyaa
Mandir Masjid aur Girjon ko
Bankon ki bhent chadhaa daalaa
Insaanon ne
Paise ke liye
Aapas ka pyaar mitaa daalaa

Daulat ki hawas mein logon ne
Kya kya na kiya is duniya mein
Kya kya na kiya is duniya mein
Chaahat izzat mehnat gairat
Sabkaa neelaam uthhaa daalaa
Insaanon ne ae
Paise ke liye
Aapas ka pyaar mitaa daalaa

Pyaar apne jagah khud daulat hai
Ye baat na samjhi insaan ne
Pyaar apne jagah khud daulat hai
Ye baat na samjhi ee insaan ne
Kudrat ke banaayi daulat ka
Sikkon mein mol lagaa daalaa
Insaanon ne ae
Paise ke liye
Aapas ka pyaar mitaa daalaa

————————————————————–
Devnagri Script lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
————————————————————–
इंसानों ने ए
पैसे के लिए
आपस का प्यार मिटा डाला
इंसानों ने ए
पैसे के लिए
आपस का प्यार मिटा डाला
हँसते बसते घर फूँक दिए
धरती को नरक बना डाला

मिटटी से निकाला सोने को
सोने से बनाए महल मगर
मिटटी से निकाला सोने को
सोने से बनाए महल मगर
जज़्बात के नाज़ुक रिश्तों को
मिटटी के तले दफना डाला
इंसानों ने
पैसे के लिए
आपस का प्यार मिटा डाला

दीन और धरम को हार दिया
नेकी को बदी पर वार दिया
दीन और धरम को हार दिया
नेकी को बदी पर वार दिया
मंदिर मस्जिद और गिरिजों को
बैंकों की भेंट चढ़ा डाला
इंसानों ने
पैसे के लिए
आपस का प्यार मिटा डाला

दौलत की हवस में लोगों ने
क्या क्या न किया इस दुनिया में
क्या क्या न किया इस दुनिया में
चाहत इज्ज़त मेहनत गैरत
सबका नीलाम उठा डाला
इंसानों ने ए
पैसे के लिए
आपस का प्यार मिटा डाला

प्यार अपने जहाँ खुद दौलत है
ये बात न समझी इंसान ने
प्यार अपने जहाँ खुद दौलत है
ये बात न समझी ई इंसान ने
कुदरत के बनायी दौलत का
सिक्कों में मोल लगा डाला
इंसानों ने ए
पैसे के लिए
आपस का प्यार मिटा डाला


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4108 Post No. : 15259

Today’s song is a lovely duet by Lata and Hemant Kumar, from film Daaka-59. The film was made by Starland productions, Bombay for Hasmukh Kheda. The film was directed by Nanubhai Bhatt and the 6 songs of the film were written by Majrooh Sultanpuri (2 songs) and by Prem Dhawan (4 songs). Their music was composed by the King of Melody – Chitragupta. Dilip Dholakia was his assistant for this movie.

The cast of the film was Ashok Kumar, Nirupa Roy, Pran, Maruti, Smriti Biswas, Badri Pershad, Balam, Kesari, Kathana etc.etc. Songs of this film were recorded in 1956, but for reasons not known to us, the film was censored only in 1959 (25-11-1959). The length of the film was 12,698 feet and was in 14 reels.

Why I gave the details of the length and number of reels is that during the period of 50s, I remember how the films used to begin in the theatres. In Hyderabad city, once the show time was up, the theatre would be plunged in darkness and advertisements would start with slides or shorts. After this, usually there would be Indian News Reel or a Documentary of the Films Division. The Indian News reel was interesting and when some Cricket match was being played, here or abroad, some shots of the match would be shown. By this time, all the audience used to be in their seats. The first scene of the start of the main film was showing its Censor Certificate. It was at this time, when 99% audience used to read loudly in chorus, “14 Reels”, as if they had discovered some top secret ! Perhaps, it gave them an idea whether the film was a long one , normal or a short one.

Ashok Kumar (13-10-1911 to 10-12-2001) the Hero of this film, always surprised me. I wonder how much energy this man must have had. If you see his Career graph,it is most unusual. I am saying this because, normally an actor is at his best Performance level when he is young. As the age increases, his level diminishes and after a certain period, he is away from the Silver screen. In case of Ashok Kumar this is very different story. See the following chart and you will realise what I mean.

Period in years Aproximate Age No. of films done in the decade
Decade 1 (1936-1940 ) 25-30 years 12 (First film- Jeevan Naiya-1936)
Decade 2 (1941-1950 ) 30-40 years 23
Decade 3 (1951-1960) 40-50 years 55
Decade 4(1961-1970) 50-60 years 62
Decade 5(1971-1980) 60-70 years 85
Decade 6 (1981-1990) 70-80 years 60
Decade 7 (1991-1997 ) 81-86 years 13 (Last film- Aankhon mein tum ho-1997)

From 1936 to 1997 he acted in 310 films. That is a very long journey in films, of 61 years ! His first Heroine-Devikarani- was born in 1908 and the Heroine of his last film- Suman Ranganathan was born in 1974 ! He worked with Heroines from 4 generations (a film generation is counted as 15 years). Ashok Kumar ,in his career, paired with Devika Rani-she was 3 years elder to him in age- in 8 films, with Nalini Jayawant in 11 films and with Nirupa Roy in 21 films in 33 years’ period-from Bhai Bhai-56 to Dana Pani-89.

He had to sing his own songs. By that time the system of Playback had started, but actor singing his/her own songs also continued for some time. He sang 77 songs in 25 films. Effectively, his singing was halted by Mohd. Rafi, when he sang for Ashok Kumar in the film Saajan-47- a duet with Lalita Deulkar ( Humko tumhara hi aasra). After this Ashok Kumar sang one song each in film Chalti ka naam Gaadi-58, Aashirvad-68, Kangan-72, Khoobsurat-80 and finally in Shaukeen-82.

Look at his energy level in the above chart. As he grew up in age, his demand increased, he worked in more and more films till he was 86 year old. He was simply unique in this respect. May be Amitabh Bachhan is a match to him or even better than him because nowadays more films are made than before. I hope some contributor does this comparison in the same way.

When Ashok kumar started acting, he had a great problem. He did not know what to do with his hands. in all his early films, you will find him acting very awkwardly, because of this problem. When he acted in film Anjaan-41, this problem was solved. In this film he did a Doctor’s role, who is accused of a murder- which he did not commit. He had to be a detective to collect proof of his innocence and argue in the court also. During this period, he started smoking cigarettes and his ‘Hand’ problem was solved once for all. After this film, Ashok Kumar and his smoking became inseparable in every film ! (and also in private life) .

Ashok Kumar was one of those actors who did Natural acting in their films. Initially, that was not so, but after solving his ‘Hand’ problem in film Anjaan-41, he was one of the best such actor. Motilal, Sanjeev Kumar, Amol Palekar, Farooq Shaikh and Paresh Raval are some other names that came to my mind in this category.

For actress Smriti Biswas, film Daaka-59 was her last film. She quit films and married actor, director, producer and studio owner S D Narang.

Actress Smriti Biswas was born on 17-2-1932, in Calcutta in a middle class family. She was educated at home and she worked as child star in Bangla films, Sandhya and Dwandwa in the 1930s.

Hoping to make a better career, she shifted to Lahore. Here Pancholi studio gave her a break with the film Dhamkee-45. The film shooting started in 1943, but it was released in 1945. She got Raagini-45 in the same year. Its Director was Shanker Mehta. Two more of her films, viz Nek Dil-48 and Roop rekha-48 were also released there.

After Partition she returned to Calcutta. S.D.Narang, actor, producer and director also shifted to Calcutta along with her. He established his own Bengal National Studio and made Bangla and Hindi films with Smriti. Their ‘Ek Aurat’-48 was quite popular.

New Theatres cast Smriti in their film “Pehla Aadmi”-50 based on the story of Subhash Chandra Bose. It was directed by Bimal Roy. Both Smriti and Narang came down to Bombay. In the decade of 1950’s, she did about 21 films there. Daaka-59 was her last film. In 1960, she married S.D.Narang and retied from films, though she was still in demand. She has 2 sons. S.D.Narang died on 25-1-1986. She is in her 80s but enjoys life with family and friends.

Smriti Biswas did only about 27 films in her career, but her vivacious looks, sweet face and speaking style still reminds us of her roles.

Some of her more well known films are, Arab ka Saudagar-56, Bhai saheb-54, Lakhon mein ek-55, Samsheer-53, Aab e Hayat-55, Hum Safar-53 (opposite Dev Anand), Dilli ka Thug-58, Teen batti chaar Rasta-53, Baap re Baap-55 and Bhagam Bhag-56.

Recently I saw an article in Maharashtra Times of 14-4-2017. It was mentioned that She was living in a barely 500 square feet flat in Nashik, along with her two grown up, unmarried sons. All the property, Gold and money left by S D Narang was looted by other relatives and Smriti finds it difficult to pull on.

The Heroine of this film Nirupa Roy was a very unconventional actress of Hindi films. Her repertoire of roles was so varied that she could not be stamped with any one type of roles.

Nirupa Roy (4-1-1931 to 13-10-2004) was an enigma of Hindi Cinema. She has been a Heroine in 110 films,a mother in over 50 films,has been a Goddess in 50 Mythological films, a suffering wife in over 30 films and a Stunt girl in about 10 films.( I remember our Raja ji once said that it was difficult to imagine Nirupa Roy in any other dress than a Saree.) She sang Bhajans,romantic songs,Comedy songs,qawalis,sad songs and peasant folk songs on the screen.

She changed her Heroes like “Badalate huwe saathi”. She did 18 films with Trilok Kapoor ( 50-65), 12 films with Balraj Sahni ( 53-72), 16 films with P.Jairaj ( 53-78), and 21 films with Ashok Kumar ( 56-89). She was Amitabh’s mother in 12 films and a stunt Girl in 8 films. She even wrote a popular film song for film Samrat Chandragupta-58 ( Mujhe dekh chaand sharmaye – Lata).

Today’s song is a sweet duet of Lata and Hemant Kumar. Listening to some of their duets is a divine experience. Some of their duets like “yaad kiya dilne kahan ho tum”, “ye raat ye chandni phir kahan”, “gupchup gupchup pyar karen”, and ” Sanware salone aaye din bahar ke ” are some of the songs they made immortal in HFM. Lata’s voice never sounded sweeter with any other singer.

Today’s song is not as well known as the songs mentioned above, nevertheless this song has the hallmark of a Lata-Hemant Kumar duet song. It is a song that is best heard at night time- a “chhaayaageet” category song.


Song- Chaand ne kuchh kaha taaron ne kuchh suna (Daakaa)(1959) Singers- Hemant Kumar, Lata Mangeshkar, Lyrics- Prem Dhawan, MD- Chitragupta
Both

Lyrics

chaand ne kuchh kaha
taaron ne kuchh suna
baat hi baat mein jaane kya ho gaya
aankhen jhuk jhuk gayin
dhadkanen ruk gayin
kya bataaun mera dil kahaan kho gaya

chaand ne kuchh kaha taaron ne kuch suna
baat hi baat mein jaane kya ho gaya

hum to khud se hi nazren churaane lage
jaane kya soch kar muskuraane lage
hum to khud se hi nazren churaane lage
jaane kya soch kar muskuraane lage

ab to dil na kisi bhi bahaane lage
baat hi baat mein jaane kya ho gaya
aankhen jhuk jhuk gayin dhadkanen ruk gayin
kya bataaun mera dil kahaan kho gaya

raat aayi hai zulfen sanwaare huye
aankhon aankhon mein kya kya ishaare huye
raat aayi hai zulfen sanwaare huye
aankhon aankhon mein kya kya ishaare huye
bas hai itni khabar
hum tumhaare huye
baat hi baat mein jaane kya ho gaya

chaand ne kuchh kaha
taaron ne kuchh suna
baat hi baat mein jaane kya ho gaya


This article is written by Peevesie’s Mom, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4018 Post No. : 15128

———————————————–——————————————
Blog 10-Year Challenge (2009-19) – Song No. 40
——————————————————————————————

Hullo to Atuldom

Today is a unique happy birthday date. It is not any celebrity’s birthday. It is the birthdate of our beloved blog Atul-song-a-day which has been nicknamed ASAD and all of its followers are called Atulites.

This is one blog which has brought together a lot of Hindi film music lovers from across the world. It must have started as a one-man’s passion for film music but has now become an addiction for a set of music lovers who are equally passionate about Hindi film music. People who have associated themselves with the blog are going to great lengths to find hitherto unheard songs, finding about the life-stories of those associated with those songs etc. We have our own in-house encyclopaedia who has put a lot of time into researching about long forgotten artists, singers, musicians, and also cleared confusion about artist who had same or similar names and were popular about the same period etc. We have an NRA (Non Resident Atulite) who has assigned Sudhir ji a job of finding movies of the 60s’ decade that were lost or forgotten and Sudhir ji has done a great job of finding at least 112 such movies with about 79 left and these may be really unavailable otherwise he would have dug them out too. In addition to this, he has an ongoing series of songs which were reused in movies and I am sure that will give us a minimum of 50 songs.

Sudhir ji and Arunkumar ji (the encyclopaedia) are just two examples of dedicated contributors. We have others whose craze for Hindi film music has been manifested in the form of reading through the “ancient” 😉 issues of Film-India magazine and sharing knowledge gathered from there with us on the blog. Then there is the case of two resident NRAs who collaborate to produce posts to remember their favourite Sahir on his birth and death anniversaries. Of course, one NRA is more active than the other who I expect will surface in the last week of July as the anniversary of his and our favourite Mohd. Rafi is coming up and his activity will continue on to first week of August. (Hope I am not proved wrong) Of course there are those contributors who surface on the really important celebratory occasion of the blogs’ 15000th post, Atulji’s personal 10000, and birthdays of their personal favourite singers Mukesh, Shamshad Begum etc. I must make special mention of the behind the scene contributor who sees to it that the links of songs posted are working links in addition to sending his farmaishes in the form of lyrics.  So Atuldom is a kingdom of a group with varied interests in HFM and who have their own way of making the blog a unique space in cyberland.

As far as my own film music addiction is concerned, I have mentioned many a times how this blog has affected my way of listening to songs. How I have learnt about the life and times of the singers, actors, music directors, and others associated with movie making. And the most important take-away from this blog is a whole new set of friends who are always in touch 24/7 and who receive my phone-calls with a smile (I can feel it in their “Hello”). But I had an altogether different experience the last time I called Sudhir ji; my “hullo Sudhir ji” was met by a good two minute of laughter, such is the camaraderie that he knew exactly what I was going to say. 😊

For all of the above a big thank you to the blog and the blog master Atul. It is only because Atul ji started the blog on 19th July 2008 that we can call ourselves Atulites or Atulwaasis, who are residents of Atuldom.

Exactly a year after it was born, Atulji posted six songs on 19th July 2009. These represented six movies: two from 1969, and one each of 1956, 1954, 1953 and 1949. Of the movies that these songs were from only one is left to be yyippeed!! That is ‘Sambandh’ of 1969. It has 5 songs posted on the blog, out of a possible 11 or 12 , the last being posted in October of 2011. That is a loooong time ago.

So, to take ‘Sambandh’ a step forward we re-visit it today. The movie was produced by Ram Mukherjee; directed by Ajoy Biswas; had Asha Bhonsle, Mahendra Kapoor, Mukesh, Hemant Kumar for playback singers for songs written by Kavi Pradeep and composed by OP Nayyar. Atul ji has said in one of the previous posts of the songs of this movie that this was an unusual combination- OP Nayyar setting Kavi Pradeep’s words to tune. This movie had Pradeep Kumar and Deb Mukherjee heading the cast which also had Anjana (this was her debut) Sulochana Latkar, Anita Dutt (looks like Anita Guha, must have been Dutt at that time), Achala Sachdev, Vijaya Chaudhary, Abhi Bhattacharya, Nana Palshikar, Leela Mishra, etc.

The synopsis as given on IMDB is:

Manav Chatterjee’s childhood is spent in a wealthy home where his father, Umakant, is an alcoholic, and his mother a simple housewife, who tries in vain to get his dad to give up on alcohol. This results in differences between his parents, leading to their separation, and him leaving the house to be with his mother. Manav grows up as a cynic, and this cynicism increases when he goes to live with a foster and a very wealthy family. He marries Hiralal’s daughter, Sandhya, and both love each other deeply. But things do not seem to go Manav’s way at all, as he is separated from Sandhya, and after several months finds out that Hirala is about to get Sandhya married – again. Now Manav has changed his name, and is being helped by an unknowing Umakant to try and salvage, what possibly remains, of the rest of this bitter and lonely life.

Here is the list of songs posted this-date-that-year as is the practice in the Ten-Year Challenge,

Gore Gore Mukhde Pe Gesoo Jo Chhaa Gaye Patanga

1949

Bujh Gaye Aasha Ke Diye…Badle Rang Jahaan Ke Shikast

1953

Dil Se Milaa Ke Dil Pyaar Kijiye Taxi Driver

1954

Dil Dil Se Milaakar Dekho Mem Sahib

1956

Apni Maata Ke Dulaare Bachche Sambandh

1969

Saathiyaan Nahin Jaana Ke Ji Na Lage Aaya Saawan Jhoom Ke

1969

Hindigeetmala.net (my personal HFGK) lists 12 songs for ‘Sambandh’ of which we have 5 on the blog. Of the twelve, six songs have Asha Bhonsle giving playback, one being a duet with Hemant Kumar. It is difficult to find videos of all the songs that are left to be posted, only audios are available on youtube. Another thing I found was almost all the songs were rather sombre or completely sad. Would love to see the movie to understand why the mood of the songs are so.  And as Atul ji has previously said this is a rather unusual OP Nayyar album with not one peppy number. So, choosing from what is available, here is the Hemant Kumar – Asha song which is a prayer and I would like to know on whom it was filmed.

HAPPY BIRTHDAY ASAD!!!!!
Thank you Atul ji for giving us ASAD.

There is still a lot of songs left in the ocean of HFM for us to find gems, pearls and corals.

P.S. after writing the post I ran through the movie to see who has lip synced the song. I found that the Hemant Kumar part is no where in the movie and Anita Dutt has lip-synced the Asha Bhonsle part.

Editor’s note-With this song, Hemant Kumar completes 200 songs in the blog as a playback singer.

 

Audio

Video

Song – Tum Ko To Karodon Saal Huye Batlaao Gagan Ghambhir  (Sambandh) (1969) Singer – Hemant Kumar, Asha Bhosle, Lyrics – Kavi Pradeep, MD – OP Nayyar

Lyrics

hey jagat pita parmatma
karo nirmal meri aatma
dukh haro dayalu
ab sukh do
sab avgun mere
karo kshama
parbhu karo Kshama
parbhu karo kshama
hey jagat pita parmatma

aaaa aaaaa
aaaa aaaaa

tumko to karodon saal huye
batlaao gagan gambhir
is pyaari pyaari duniya mein
kyun alag alag taqdeer
tumko to karodon saal huye
batlaao gagan gambhir
is pyaari pyaari duniya mein
kyun alag alag taqdeer

milte hain kisi ko bin maange hi moti
oo oo oo
koi maange lekin bheekh naseeb na hoti
oo oo oo
kya soch ke hai malik ne rachi
ye do rangi tasveer
is pyaari pyaari duniya mein
kyun alag alag taqdeer
tumko to karodon saal huye
batlaao gagan gambhir
is pyaari pyaari duniya mein
kyun alag alag taqdeer

kuch kismatwaale sukh se amrit peete
oo oo oo
kuch dil par rakh pathar jeewan jeete
oo oo oo
kahin mann panchhi aakaash ude
kahin paanv padi zanjeer
is pyaari pyaari duniya mein
kyun alag alag taqdeer
tumko to karodon saal huye
batlaao gagan gambhir
is pyaari pyaari duniya mein
kyun alag alag taqdeer

kyun alag alag taqdeer

kyun alag alag taqdeer

kyun alag alag taqdeer

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

हे जगत पिता परमात्मा
करो निर्मल मेरी आत्मा
दुख हरो दयालु
अब सुख दो
सब अवगुण मेरे करो क्षमा
प्रभु करो क्षमा
प्रभु करो क्षमा
हे जगत पिता परमात्मा

आss आsss
आss आsss

तुमको तो करोड़ों साल हुये
बतलाओ गगन गंभीर
इस प्यारी प्यारी दुनिया में
क्यों अलग अलग तक़दीर
तुमको तो करोड़ों साल हुये
बतलाओ गगन गंभीर
इस प्यारी प्यारी दुनिया में
क्यों अलग अलग तक़दीर

मिलते हैं किसी को बिन मांगे ही मोती
ओ ओ ओ
कोई मांगे भी तो भीख नसीब ना होती
ओ ओ ओ
क्या सोच के है मालिक ने रची
ये दो रंगी तस्वीर
इस प्यारी प्यारी दुनिया में
क्यों अलग अलग तक़दीर
तुमको तो करोड़ों साल हुये
बतलाओ गगन गंभीर
इस प्यारी प्यारी दुनिया में
क्यों अलग अलग तक़दीर

कुछ किस्मत वाले सुख से अमृत पीते
ओ ओ ओ
कुछ दिल पर रख कर पत्थर जीवन जीते
ओ ओ ओ
कहीं मन पंछी आकाश उड़े
कहीं पाँव पड़ी ज़ंजीर
इस प्यारी प्यारी दुनिया में
क्यों अलग अलग तक़दीर
तुमको तो करोड़ों साल हुये
बतलाओ गगन गंभीर
इस प्यारी प्यारी दुनिया में
क्यों अलग अलग तक़दीर

क्यों अलग अलग तक़दीर

क्यों अलग अलग तक़दीर

क्यों अलग अलग तक़दीर


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4015 Post No. : 15122

“Fashion”(1957) was directed by Lekhraj Bhakri for Kuldip Pictures production, Bombay. The movie had Pradeep Kumar, Mala Sinha, Chandrashekhar, Manoj Kumar, Jabeen Jaleel,Sunder, Jabeen Jalil, Jagdish Sethi, Kammo, Leela Misra etc in it.

The movie had eight songs in it. Five songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the sixth song from “Fashion”(1957) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Hemant Kumar and his wife Bela Mukherji. Bharat Vyas is the lyricist. Music is composed by Hemant Kumar.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of the song. From the sounds of it, the song appears to be a “beggar” song to me, where the citizens of the nation are being called upon to use desi (including marrying Indians) not videshi. Craving for and using videshi items was considered “Fashion” those days, and that was almost considered an anti national act, as can be surmised from the lyrics of this song.


Song-Maati ko lajaana na (Fashion)(1957) Singers-Hemant Kumar, Bela Mukherji, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-Hemant Kumar
Both

Lyrics

bade bade toofaanon ke aage
kabhi nahin jo haaraa hai
naari ki taaqat par ab tak
zindaa desh tumhaaraa hai

maati ko lajaanaa naa
is maati ko lajaanaa naa
desh hai mahaan
iski shaan ko mitaanaa naa
maati ko lajaanaa naa
is maati ko lajaanaa naa
desh hai mahaan
is ki shaan ko mitaanaa naa
maati ko lajaanaa naa
is maati ko lajaanaa naa

bikhra hua yahaan Savitri kaa noor hai
Saavitri kaa noor hai
maati mein ramaa hua sitaaji kaa sindoor hai
is maati mein ramaa hua sitaaji kaa sindoor hai
sitaaji kaa sindoor hai
desh ke jawaanon
desh ke jawaanon
o fashion ke deewaanon
thhodi baat puraani maano
apni sej ko paraai naar se kabhi sajaanaa naa
maati ko lajaana naa
is maati ko lajaana na
desh hai mahaan
iski shaan ko mitaana na
maati ko lajaana naa
is maati ko lajaana na

galiyaan paraayi mein kyun khoyaa teraa dhyaan hai
kyun khoyaa teraa dhyaan hai
apni pujaaran kaa tu hi bhagvaan hai
apni pujaaran kaa tu hi bhagvaan hai
tu hi bhagvaan hai
raam hai tu uskaa aa
raam hai tu uskaa
ghanshyaam hai tu uskaa
chaaron dhaam hai tu uskaa
aisi naari ke jigar pe kataari tu chalaanaa naa
maati ko lajaanaa naa
is maati ko lajaanaa naa
desh hai mahaan
is ki shaan ko mitaanaa naa
maati ko lajaanaa naa
is maati ko lajaanaa naa


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has over 15700 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Important Announcement

(© 2008 - 2020) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

Total number of songs posts discussed

15701

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1211
Total Number of movies covered =4323

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