Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Jagmohan Sursagar solo’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5049 Post No. : 16962

Today’s song is from an obscure film called Aisa Kyun-1947.

The film was made by Shri Raj Pictures, Calcutta. It was directed by A K Chatterjee and the music was by Anupam Ghatak. The cast of the film was Iftikhar, Radharani, Urmila, Pinky, Faiz, Tandon etc. Most people are not aware of the fact that besides New Theatres studio in Calcutta, there were many other film making studios in Calcutta. Hindi films were also made in Burma at that time by the indo-Burma productions.

Some of the studios based in Calcutta were East india film co., Madon Theatres, Aurora film corporation, Shree Bharat films, Laxmi pictures, Chitramandir, RBS Productions, Dev Datta films, Indra movietone, Kali films, Kamla Movietone, Moti mahal Theatres, Murli Pictures, New Popular Pictures, Quality Pictures, Radha film co., Sonoray Pictures, Star film co., Sunrise film co.and Tollywood studios. (source-Indian Cinematographers’ yearbook-1938) This is an old list of when many Hindi films were made in Calcutta. Of late, there must be a lot of changes now.

In olden days, there were 3 major film centres-Bombvay, Lahore and Calcutta. After 1947, all the Hindi film activity at Lahore shifted to Bombay. By mid 50’s even Calcutta almost stopped making Hindi films. Many Hindi speaking artistes in various disciplines of film making shifted to Bombay and finally Bombay became the only and the main Hindi film making Centre.

The year 1947 is a reminder not only for the Independence of India, but also for the upheaval that took place in the film industry that time. More than in any other industry in India, Muslims were plentiful, working in different sections and departments of the Hindi film industry. majority of them migrated to the newly formed Muslim Nation of Pakistan. This did create a lot of disturbance in the film industry. Right from the beginning of 1947, there were signs that soon the British would leave India – after dividing it into two Nations, India and Pakistan. When the month and date became known for the Partition, there was a great hurry among the filmmakers to complete their projects on hand and in process, compromising many factors like quality of the film, number of songs and such other things.

This resulted in the record number of films made in 1947 alone – 181 Hindi films and about 100 films in other languages in India. This was a record which remained unbroken till 1985, when 187 Hindi films were made. Thus from 1931 to 1985, this record remained unbroken for more than 50 years ! Obviously, this resulted in a big compromise on quality to achieve quantity with many films produced half heartedly. Most or rather many films made in 1947 remained obscure, unheard of and many flopped due to poor quality. Actually only few films were released in 1947, because many films were released in 1948 and 1949, with some films being released in Pakistan too.

Did you ever hear about films Amar Asha, Angoorbala, Attention, Barrister, But Tarash, Chalte Chalte, Chandrahas, Dagabaz Dost, Dehati,Ek kadam,Gaurav,Giribala, Heera, Intezar ke baad, Jhalak,Jurmana, Khaufnak aankhen, Lalaat, Mangalsutra, Moti, Sewa gram, Stage girl, Tohfa or Utho jago ? Of course not all films were below standards. Some of the landmark films were also made in 1947, like Shehnai, Mirza Sahiban, Jugnu, saajan, Naatak, Meera, Elan,Aap ki sewa mein, Dard, Do Bhai, Neel Kamal or Parwana etc. However by and large the picture was like this only.

I have not seen this film, so I have no idea about its story etc. For the film’s Heroine-RadhaRani Calcuttewali, this was her last Hindi film that she acted or sang in. She continued her work in Bangla films, I suppose. This Radha Rani was one of the “Same Name Confusion ” pair, as there was another Radha Rani-Bombaywali. The music director Anupam Ghatak also died in 1947 only.

The music Director Anupam Ghatak – the second-generation Bengali-Hindi composer (after Rai Chand Boral and Pankaj Mullick) was born on 4-12-1911 at Mymensingh(now in Bangladesh). He took music lessons from father Atul Ghatak and Keshav ganesh Dhekan. He became an excellent Flautist. After a short stint in AIR,as a singer in 1930, he joined as asst. to Bishen Chand Boral (brother of Raichand Boral) and later to R C Boral himself for Vidyapati-1937

First independent film score: Payer Dhulo. Later worked at Sagar Film in Bombay, composing Zia Sarhadi’s Bhole Bhale and a series of films for Badami, Luhar et al. (1939). Returned to Calcutta, notably for Barua’s Shapmukti; thereafter had assignments in both Calcutta and Lahore. Known for his wide range, from the sentimental Ekti paisa dao go babu in Shape Mukti to the experimental Gane mor kon indradhanu in Agni Pareeksha.

His Hindi film career started with ‘Tarzan ki Beti-38 and Bhole Bhale-39. He gave music to only 17 Hindi films, composing 153 songs.These included Ladies Only,Service Ltd.,Sadhana,Uski tamanna (all 1939), Civil marriage (1940), Sri Ramanuj-43 etc. In Lahore he did Champa -45,Badnami-46 and Shalimar -46 before Partition. His other films as MD were, Khush Naseeb-46, Aai bahar-46, faisla-47, Aisa Kyun-47 and Banjare-48 and Shamsheer-1953. He had also sung 4 songs in his first film Tarzan ki beti-1938. His last Hindi film was Shamsheer-53, which was released only in 1953,after he died on 5-2-1947 itself.

Today’s song is sung by Jaganmoy Mitra aka Jagmohan Sursagar. So much is already written about him on our Blog by me and others, therefore I will not repeat his Bio-data. However I reproduce here an article published in Bangla Paper ” Anandabazar Patrika,Calcutta ” after his death.
Jaganmoy Mitra passes away

(Translated from Anadabazar Patrika, September 5, 2003)

Jaganmoy Mitra, the legendary singer of “chithi” is very far from us now. (PDG: The opening lines of the song “chithi”(1952), MD: Sailesh Dattagupta, are “tumi aaj koto doore” which means “you are so far today”). He expired yesterday night after suffering a cardiac arrest in his house at Juhu, Mumbai. He was 85. He is survived by three sons and two daughters. Although he stayed away from Bengal for the greater part of his life, he admired Bengali music and culture till his last day.

“aami duranto baishaakhi jhad” (PDG: which means ‘I am a restless summer tempest, you are a fiery flame’, MD: Kamal Dasgupta, 1947) and “shaaon raate yadi” – romantic numbers like these have entertained numerous music lovers over more than five decades.

Besides Bengali, his popularity in Hindi music was also unsurpassable at one time. He was known to the rest of India as ‘Jagmohan’. Gandhiji was an admirer of his music. He has recorded over 400 songs in a career spanning over five decades. Besides Bengali romantic numbers he has also sung Rabindrasangeet,
Nazrulgeeti, and simultaneously in Hindi, Gujrati and Marathi.

His first record for HMV was the Nazrulgeeti “shaaon raate yadi” in 1938. This song propelled him to immediate popularity. He has recorded 100 plus Hindi songs. He scored music for the Hindi film “Sarhad”. (PDG: That should be Sardar(1955)).

He has received numerous awards and felicitations including Padmashri and Sursagar. But he always valued the admiration of his listeners above any awards. His music had taken him to the United States, Great Britain and East Africa. His autobiography is titled “shaaon raate yadi smarane aase more” ( which means ‘If you remember me on a rainy night’).

The song,which follows, is sung so beautifully that one is lost with the soft and melodious voice of Jagmohan. This was his speciality and for this style I simply adore him.


Song-Thhukra de jo nazron se (Aisa Kyun)(1947) Singer-Jagmohan Sursagar, Lyrics-Unknown, MD-Anupam Ghatak

Lyrics

Thhukra de jo nazron se
dil ka mere nazraana
apna na samajh usko
begaana hai begaana
Thhukra de jo nazron se

guzri huyi baaton ko o
o o o o o o o
dohraane se
kya aa aa haasil il
guzri huyi baaten to
afsaana hai afsaana
guzri huyi baaten to
afsaana hai afsaana
Thhukra de jo nazron se

main aen ae ae
thhak gaya samjha kar
apne dil e naadaan ko o o
deewaane ko kya kahiye
deewaana hai deewaana
deewaane ko kya kahiye
deewaana hai deewaana
Thhukra de jo nazron se


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4485 Post No. : 16001

Today’s song is from the film Bhaichara aka Fraternity aka Brotherhood-1943. It was produced by Unity Productions, Calcutta and was directed by a veteran of Silent films- G.K.Mehta.

Gopal Krishna or G.K.Mehta was born on 18-7-1899 and he joined the film industry in 1920. He slogged in the film companies doing odd jobs and finally started directing films from 1928 onwards. By 1931, the Talkie had started and Mehta, after 15 silent films to his credit, directed his first Talkie film-” Chirag E Husn”-1935. Then came Ghazi Diler-36, Toofani khazana-37, Prem samadhi-38, Master Man-38, Juwari-39 and his last film was Bhaichara-1943. He directed Leela Chitnis in film Master man-38, Jairaj and Nirmala in Juwari-39Bharat Bhushan in his second film in Bhaichara-43. Like many other silent film stalwarts like R S Chaudhuri (8-6-1903 to 22-8-1972) with 15 silent and 14 Talkie films, G K Mehta also disappeared without a trace.

This social film had music by Himangshu Dutt – a name not heard by most people in Hindi, but in Bangla films he was a highly respected music composer. Songs composed by him in the early 40s were sung not only by singers of that generation, but also by the younger generations. Due to his early death and a busy schedule in Bangla cinema and Non film music, he was not able to benefit the Hindi audience of the rest of India. He was so popular and respected that he was awarded the first ever award of ” Sur Sagar ” by the people of Dhaka. After him,only singer Jaganmoy Mitra aka Jagmohan was the only person who was awarded the title of “Sursagar “. Jagmohan sang for Dutt’s Bangla films regularly. After Dutt was gone in 1944, Jagmohan sang his Non film songs also. As per HFGK, Himangshu Dutt gave music for only 2 Hindi films – Bhakt Kabir and Bhaichara-43. For both films, Jagmohan sang 2 songs each.

The cast of the film was Bharat Bhushan, Veena Kumari, isabela, Beena Pal,Sunetra, Ansari,Hadi,Himmat Rai etc etc. One name in the cast is VEENA KUMARI. Now this is a name causing ” Same Name Confusion.” In my book, released in 2018, I had clarified about 56 artistes coming under the SNC category. In the last one and half year I have discussed 14 more such new artistes and including today’s case, there will be 16 artistes. The total comes to 72 and surprisingly there are 36 Males and 36 female artistes in this group, so far. However, I feel, as the time passes by, there are still few more cases yet to come to light and that, finally in this, the females will outnumber the males in numbers.

One of the reasons for this could be that in the early era, actresses came from Muslim Tawayef families or even poor families. In such families, the girls’ names were pretty common – like Nurjahan, Zubeida, Khurshid, Naseem, Zohra or Shameem etc. Those who came first in films kept their original names, others had to change their names. But even then, the limited stock of names created problems. For example, one Khursheed Akhtar changed her name to Shyama and the other changed her name to Anuradha, but there were already 2 Shyamas working in films. One more example was today’s case. Originally Nurjahan, changed name to Veena Kumari, but there was another Veena working in films.

The trouble with same names is when you want to write about them, their Filmography is mixed up. Secondly, most sites, blogs and Fb pages invariably mix up even their Bio data, in addition to Filmography. My B.P. goes up when I see this . Whenever possible, I try to give explanations to make corrections, but every time it is not possible. Further they quote from sites like Wiki and IMDB, who are the major culprits in creating, sustaining and nurturing the same name confusions.

Anyway, let us now see who this Veena Kumari was. Her original name was Nurjahan. Her father was a landlord in Lucknow. She was born in 1916. As per customs of those times, she never went to school, but being well to do, got private tutors and she learnt Urdu and English sufficiently to read and speak. She was a typical good looking girl. She was very fond of seeing silent films, with her father. When the Talkie films started, her interest grew much more and she decided to join films. She was a natural good singer too and this helped her get into films.

Her first film was Inteqam-33, where she worked without any fees. Here she was credited with her real name Nurjahan. In the 1939 film Swastik, made by Mohan Pictures, she became Veena kumari-heroine of Jeevan. She continued working in films like Radhika,Asra and Kasauti- all 1941, Gharib and Zevar in 42, Pratigya, Bhaichara,Masterjee and Chiragh in 43, Mujrim-44, Gunjan and Shauhar in 48. Shauhar was made by her own banner-Dil-Sitan arts. The film was directed by her. Her last film was Basera-50. She sang 22 songs in 7 films. She was quite good at singing. When you hear her songs, you will agree with me.

Now let us see what proves they were 2 different persons. Firstly, Veena kumari started her career much earlier than Veena. Secondly, Veena started acting in Punjabi films in 1941 only and then came to Bombay for films Yaad-42, Najma-43,Rajputani-44, Humayun-45 etc. Thirdly, Veena kumari was a B grade actress and her films were made by smaller banners, whereas, from the beginning, Veena was in the Big league of Mazhar khan, Ranjit, Mehboob, Kardar, K.Asif, Minerva etc. Fourthly, Veena kumari stopped working in 1950, while Veena continued till 1983. The most important point was, Veena could not sing, whereas Veena kumari sang 22 songs in 7 films. All this clearly separates them as different actresses.

Veena acted in about 100 films in her 40 years’ career. Her Biodata is available freely on the Internet as well as on this Blog. So much for the Same Name Confusion in this case.

The hero of the film Bhaichara was Bharat Bhooshan, who was a good looking hero, but acting wise, he was similar to his other clones like Anil Dhawan, Karan Dewan and Pradeep kumar. All of them were good looking but very weak in acting. These Heroes got many films, good heroines and popular songs to sing on screen, as long as their luck favoured them. Once their luck-quota exhausted, they fell on bad days and suffered a bad end too. It is said that Bharat Bhooshan, in his bad days, had to work as a Watchman in a film studio.

Bharat Bhushan (14 June 1920 – 27 January 1992) was an Indian actor in Hindi language films, script writer and producer, who is best remembered for playing Baiju Bawra in the 1952 film of the same name .He was born in Meerut, and brought up in Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh. Bharat Bhushan was born on 14 June 1920 in a Vaishya (Baniya) family at Meerut, Uttar Pradesh.
His father, Raibahadur Motilal, was the government pleader of Meerut. His mother died when he was two years old. His elder brother was film producer Ramesh Chandra, who owned the Ideal Studio at Lucknow. The brothers left for Aligarh to stay with their grandfather after their mother’s death. He did his studies and earned a graduate degree from Dharam Samaj College, Aligarh. After this he took to acting against his father’s wishes. He first went to Calcutta to join cinema and later established himself in Bombay.

He married into a prominent family in Meerut, Zamindar Raibahadur Budha Prakash’s daughter Sarla. They had two daughters, Anuradha and Aparajitha. Anuradha had polio-associated complications. His other daughter Apararith played the role of Mandodari in the famous TV show Ramanand Sagar’s famous serial Ramayan. In an interview, Aparajita had said that after the sudden demise of her husband, she turned to acting. Aparajita has done more than 50 films in her career. Bhushan’s wife Sarla died of labour complications after delivering their second child in the early 1960s, soon after the release of film Barsaat Ki Raat. In 1967, he married actress Ratna, his co-star in the same film.

Bhushan owned bungalows in Bandra, Bombay and other areas. He was an avid reader and boasted of his collection of books, which he had to sell off like his cars and bungalows in bad times, after he turned co-producer on the ploddings of his brother. Only a few of his films were successes and unfortunately, the rest flopped. He died after he escaped his financial crisis, on 27 January 1992.

He made his debut with the Kidar Sharma hit Chitralekha (1941). However, he struggled for over a decade to make a mark in Hindi movies till Baiju Bawra (1952), which gave him instant stardom and legendary status along with Mohammad Rafi, Meena Kumari and Naushad Ali. Though a very talented actor and a prominent star of the 1950s and 1960s in Hindi language films, he often took on roles of tragic musicians in the movies. Films in which he starred as lead actor include Basant Bahar.

“He portrays historical and mythological characters the best in Hindi movies,” states contemporary actor-producer Chandrashekar. He wrote scripts and stories for Barsat Ki Raat, Nayi Umar Ki Nayi Fasal, Basant Bahar, Dooj Ka Chand, etc. He was the producer of Dooj Ka Chand. His brother R. Chandra made many films such as Bebus, Minar, and Basant Bahar.

He was the recipient of the second Filmfare best actor award for the film Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu in 1954. Most of the great songs of major singers of that period such as Rafi, Manna Dey, Talat, and Mukesh were pictured on him. He was the first chocolate-faced good-looking star of Hindi films. He was one of the few actors who had a good sense of music, so most music-based movies were made with him in lead roles in the 1950s and 1960s.

He acted in Hindi language movies until the 1990s.he acted in 211 Hindi films,in all. His last film was Maachis-1996. He is still loved and revered by the Indians for the great movies and great songs that he gave in spite of personal tragedies and stiff competition from his contemporaries. He is considered to be one of the greatest stars and legends of Hindi cinema. (Thanks to wikipedia for some information.)

Let us now listen to the sweet voice of the great Jagmohan in this second song of this film on the Blog….


Song- Vaada na mera toote (Bhaaichaara)(1943) Singer- Jagmohan Sursagar, Lyricist- Not known, MD- Himangshu Dutt Sursagar

Lyrics

Vaada na mera toote ae
waah duniya
duniya badal jaaye
jaaye
Vaada na mera toote ae
waah duniya
duniya badal jaaye
jaaye

main khoon se seenchoonga
khoon se seechoonga
?? phool ye khil jaaye
jaaye
Vaada na mera toote ae
waah duniya
duniya badal jaaye
jaaye

hasti ko mita dena aa
jeene ka saleeka hai ae
hasti ko mita dena
jeene ka saleeka hai
ubhrega wahi daana
ubhrega wahi daana
mitti mein jo mil jaaye
jaaye
Vaada na mera toote ae
waah duniya
duniya badal jaaye
jaaye

phoolon ke pujaari hain
kaanton se nahin darte ae
phoolon ke pujaari hain
kaanton se nahin darte ae
?? jaan rahe tan mein
jaan rahe tan mein
?? jaan nikal jaaye
jaaye
Vaada na mera toote ae
waah duniya
duniya badal jaaye
jaaye
Vaada na mera toote ae


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4311 Post No. : 15589 Movie Count :

4291

In the Indian film industry, it is very difficult for a producer and director to balance their ideals with money making in a film. Very few film producers have become successful in producing films combining the social purpose with commercial consideration. Prabhat Films and its director, V Shantaram was one of the earliest examples who produced and directed socially purposeful films like ‘Duniya Na Maane’ (1937), ‘Aadmi’ (1939), ‘Padosi’ (1941) etc. Fazli Brothers – Hasnain and Sibtain successfully produced and directed Muslim reformist social films like ‘Qaidi (1940), ‘Maasoom’ (1941), ‘Fashion’ (1943) etc. One of the risks of producing reformist social films is that of the backlash such films may face from the fanatics in religious groups. Hence, the commercially minded producers, by and large, avoided producing such ‘reformist’ films.

There was one more set of now forgotten producer/directors who were ready to jump into the bandwagon of producing the socially purposeful film taking the Hindu-Muslim unity as the theme. They were Rameshwar Sharma and Lahori Ram Parashar who set up their film banner, Unity Productions. The theme of their maiden film ‘Bhakt Kabir’ (1942), was Hindu-Muslim unity. That means that the film could be prone to attack from the religious fanatics from both Hindu and Muslim. But the film had a smooth release and it become a box office success. Almost all the provincial Governments at time made the film entertainment tax-free.

‘Bhakt Kabir’ (1942) was released at a time when the British rulers with their stooges were successfully deploying their ‘divide and rule’ policy. The success of the film emboldened the Unity Production to produce one more film on Hindu-Muslim unity. The film was titled as ‘Bhaichaara’ (1943). The film, as per the advertising material, advocated the virtues of good neighbourly relationship between Hindu and Muslims who have common traditions and culture in India. The star cast of the film included Bharat Bhushan, Rai Mohan, Ramesh Sinha, Sunetra, Beena Kumari, NA Ansari, Rajendra Singh, Mohammed Hadi, Rajkumar Bedi, Himmat Rai, Isabella etc. ‘Bhaichaara’ (1943) seems to have not done as well as ‘Bhakt Kabir (1942) at the box office.

Under the banner of Unity Productions, Calcutta, the third film produced and directed by Rameshwar Sharma was KL Saigal starrer, ‘Kurukshetra’ (1945). The film was based on the events in the story of Mahabharat which were to depicted in the social scenarios prevalent at that time. The film failed miserably at the box office though it was regarded as an off-beat film. I guess, this film virtually ended the journey of Rameshwar Sharma and Lahori Ram Parashar in Hindi films as producer and director.

‘Bhaichaara’ (1943) had 10 songs written by IC Kapoor, MR Kapoor, Kumar Vyas, Udaybhanu Bhatt and Nazir Bedi. But allocation of songs among the 5 lyricists is not known. All the songs have been set to music by Himangshu Dutta Sursagar.  It is interesting to note that Rameshwar Sharma entrusted the music direction of his first two films to Himangshu Dutta Sursagar.

Himnagshu Dutta (1908-1944) was a Hindustani classical singer who also gave the music direction in about 20 Bangla films. He was a contemporary of Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore and Kazi Nazrul Islam. Just like ‘Rabindra Sangeet’ and ‘Nazrul Geeti’, Himangshu Dutta has been known for his ‘Himangshu Gaan’.  He was also instrumental in promoting SD Burman by composing some of his non-film Bangla songs during his early days of musical career. Himangshu Dutta was the childhood friend of SD Burman in Comilla (now in Bangladesh).

I am presenting the first song from the film, ‘Bhaichaara’ (1943) –  mujhko khayal e yaar sataaye to kya karoon. The song is in a ghazal format sung by Jagmohan Sursagar in an unusual style. For example, he renders the first line, mujhko khayal-e-yaar followed by a short pause and then continue sataaye to kya karoon. This style is repeated in the all subsequent couplets also.

 With this song, ‘Bhaichaara’ (1943) makes a debut in the Blog.

Song – Mujhko Khayaal e Yaar Sataaye To Kya Karoon (Bhaichaara) (1943) Singer – Jagmohan Sursagar, Lyrics – [Unattributed], MD – Himangshu Dutta Sursagar

Lyrics

mujhko khayaal e yaar sataaye to kya karoon
kya karoon
mujhko khayaal e yaar sataaye to kya karoon
kya karoon
rah rah ke unki yaad jo aaye to kya karoon
kya karoon
mujhko khayaal e yaar sataaye to kya karoon
kya karoon
 
shaam e firaaq unka tasawwur ke ha……aaye
shaam e firaaq unka tasawwur ke ha…..aaye
zauq e nighaah e aas badaaye to kya karoon
kya karoon
mujhko khayaal e yaar sataaye to kya karoon
kya karoon
 
pehlu se unki yaad alahda na kar sakaa
pehlu se unki yaad alahda na kar sakaa
zarre mein aaftaab samaaye to kya karoon
kya karoon
mujhko khayal e yaar sataaye to kya karoon
kya karoon
 
behki huyi nazar wo jawaani ki mastiyaan
behki huyi nazar wo jawaani ki mastiyaan
saaqi mujhe jo aap pilaaye
saaqi mujhe jo aap pilaaye
pilaaye
pilaaye
saaqi mujhe jo aap pilaaye to kya karoon
kya karoon
mujhko khayaal e yaar sataaye to kya karoon
kya karoon
kya karoon
kya karoon

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

मुझको ख़्याल ए यार सताये तो क्या करूँ
क्या करूँ
मुझको ख़्याल ए यार सताये तो क्या करूँ
क्या करूँ
रह रह के उनकी याद जो आए तो क्या करूँ
क्या करूँ
मुझको ख़्याल ए यार सताये तो क्या करूँ
क्या करूँ

शाम ए फिराक उनका तसव्वुर के हा॰॰आ॰॰ए
शाम ए फिराक उनका तसव्वुर के हा॰॰आ॰॰ए
ज़ौक़ ए निगाहे ए आस बढ़ाए तो क्या करूँ
क्या करूँ
मुझको ख़्याल ए यार सताये तो क्या करूँ
क्या करूँ

पहलू से उनकी याद अल्हदा ना कर सका
पहलू से उनकी याद अल्हदा ना कर सका
ज़र्रे में आफ़ताब समाये तो क्या करूँ
क्या करूँ
मुझको ख़्याल ए यार सताये तो क्या करूँ
क्या करूँ

बहकी हुई नज़र वो जवानी की मस्तियाँ
बहकी हुई नज़र वो जवानी की मस्तियाँ
साक़ी मुझे जो आप पिलाये
साक़ी मुझे जो आप पिलाये
पिलाये
पिलाये
साक़ी मुझे जो आप पिलाये तो क्या करूँ
क्या करूँ
मुझको ख़्याल ए यार सताये तो क्या करूँ
क्या करूँ
क्या करूँ
क्या करूँ


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4163 Post No. : 15334 Movie Count :

4225

Today’s song is from an obscure film from Calcutta,- Arzoo-1944.

It is my observation that barring very early Talkie films made by Madan Theatres, Calcutta, films made by other film makers of Calcutta – other than New Theatres – were, generally, not successful or popular in the Hindi belt. At the peak times in the 30’s, there were about 20+ film making companies in Bengal, but New Theatres alone had got the best of Hindi artistes in almost every department of film making and Music, available in the Eastern sector. Accordingly, even Arzoo, made by I.B.Films, Calcutta also did not create any ripples in the Hindi belt. It was directed by R N Vaidya (a successful Silent Film maker ) and M.Issa. The Lyricist was Khwaja Kidwai and the Music was by Subal Dasgupta. The cast of the film was, Dhiraj Bhattacharya, Panna, Pramod Gangully, Renuka Roy, Fazal, Shanta etc.etc.

In Hindi film arena, there were many brother pairs as Music Directors like Husnalal-Bhagatram, Kalyan ji-Anand ji etc. Most of them were prolific and successful too. But there were no cases worth noticing, where two brothers operated separately as MDs, in the same period but never worked as a Team. Two such cases were from Calcutta. The first was that of Timir Baran and Mihir Kiran and then Kamal Dasgupta and Subal Dasgupta. Neither Timir-Mihir nor Kamal-Subal worked as a pair and individually only one became famous in Hindi films. Mihir kiran gave music to only 1 film- Kaarvan e hayat-35 and Timir Baran did 11 Hindi films compsing 86 songs.Subal Dasgupta gave music to only 2 films Subah Shaam and Arzoo both in 1944, Kamal Dasgupta did 17 Hindi films and composed 157 songs.

Kamal Dasgupta ( 28-7-1912 to 20-7-1974) gave music to 17 Hindi films from Jawab-42 to Phulwari-51. Subal gave music to only 2 films as mentioned. He was, however, a prolific composer in Bangla films and NFS. The credit for composing music for Talat Mehmood’s First recorded NFS, ” sab din ek samaan nahi tha” goes to Subal Dasgupta. Some sites and You Tube erroneously mention Kamal Dasgupta’s name as its composer, but it is wrong. I quote here an excerpt from the book ” Talat Mehmood-The Velvet touch” a biography by Manek Premchand,

” His first recording happened in September 1941, the song being Sab din ek samaan naheen tha, Ban jaoonga kya se kya main, iska to kuchh dhyaan naheen tha, written by Fayyaz Hashmi and composed by Subal Dasgupta. Present at this recording was the great singer-composer-actor Pankaj Mullick, who patted the young émigré for a job well done. In Calcutta, the young man started learning Bengali. After six recordings for HMV in Calcutta, Talat returned in 1942 to complete his studies at Marris and in the next couple of years, he heard a lot of Gangubai Hangal, Fayyaz Khan and Roshanara Begum. ” pp 13

Not much information is available on Subal in books or on the net. Even Dr. J.P.Guha has no information on him. Here is something from a Bangladeshi site.

Subal Dasgupta was born at Kalia (Narail) of the old Jessore district in Bangladesh. His parents shifted to Calcutta long before the partition of 1947. His eldest brother professor Bimal Dasgupta was a gifted musician, while his elder brother Kamal Dasgupta also emerged as one of the most successful music directors of his times. His sisters Sudhira, Indira, Basanti—–all were talented singers in their own rights. All of them had recorded songs under HMV banner. He belonged to an immensely accomplished musical family. At a very tender age Subal Dasgupta took lessons in classical music from Ustad Zamiruddin Khan, a renowned maestro of Kheyal and Thumri. It was here, that he met Kazi Nazrul Islam, the great poet , who also started taking classical vocal lessons from the same master. The meeting between the two, later turned out to be of historic significance. This is all that could be collated about Subal Dasgupta.

Today’s song is sung by Jagmohan Sursagar. In older times, when when films had not yet become ” inevitable ” in the society, for the period 30s to 50s, Non Film Songs (NFS) ruled the nation. The A.I.R. regularly broadcast NF Bhajans, Geets and Gazals etc. These were extremely popular and their private records used to make a big sale too. Among the NFS male singers, the best was Jagmohan and in the female group, the best was Juthika Roy.

Somewhere in the late 2011 AK ji, of Songsofyore.com, had written on this Blog about the importance of NFS. After reading his views, I too wrote a rather lengthy comment supporting the inclusion of NFS on this Blog. Our contention was that, prior to the Hindi Film Music becoming popular all over India,it was those ghazals, Geets and Bhajans, privately sung and recorded by various artists which had ruled the tastes of music lovers. In fact many famous singers had recorded NFS in the beginning phase of their singing careers. Some names are Talat Mehmood, Saigal, Pankaj Mullick, Jagmohan and JUTHIKA ROY !

I do not think there was a single singer in those days who had not sung a Non Filmi geet of some type like Bhajan or ghazal etc. I am sure many senior readers from this Blog must have grown listening to these NFS Bhajans and Geets. In fact more than a filmi song, may be these people have some old geet or Bhajan embedded in their memories with some persons, events or places.

Today’s singer Jagmohan Sursagar was very well known and close to Rajnikumar Pandyaji and he has elaborated his Bio data in the book ” Aap ki Parchhainyan”. The following information is adapted from this. Born on September 6,1918,Jagmohan whose real name is Jaganmoy Mitra came from a conservative family of land-lords.Sometime before he was born,his father died of a stomach ailment, while his mother was still in her teens. Though Jagmohan had no problems in childhood,he was to grow up an ardent devotee of his mother.When she died in 1981,and was followed by the singer’s wife,in a few months time,Jagmohan felt a terrible void in his life,something that he appears to have been unable to fill ever.

There was an atmosphere of music in his maternal grandfather’s house where they went to live after Jagmohan’s father died.He literally grew up listening to dhrupad,khayal,thumri and tappa,surreptitiously learning from his uncle’s ustads ragas and raginis as also the tabla.It all paid off when after passing his matriculation examination, Jagmohan took part in all Bengal music competition ,topping the list in dhrupad,tappa,thumri,kritan and baul,religious folk music of Bengal.The year was 1937.In the same year,his professional singing career began at All India Radio.The next year,he stood first in khayal singing in an all India competition at Allahabad.

A music recording company, HMV,grabbed him for recording.Says Jagmohan: ” I had a tune and had been trying to compose a song to suit it.But,an acquaintance, Hembabu asked me to see Kazi Nazrul Islam,the great poet.Hembabu took me to him and left me with the poet.The poet was a very kindly man and my diffidence vanished after a while. I sang the few lines I had composed.He praised my tune and music but offered to write a song for me to fit them.I sang the tune several times as the Kazi sat writing stanza after stanza;his words, as if poured after,and there nary was a change or scratching out of a word here or there.That was the song Saaon Ratey Jadi…. on which my re-cording was made.” It was a great hit.Then,in 1940, came two songs of Rabindranath Tagore,both approved by the Nobel prize winning poet.Tagore permitted him to record two more of his songs.

In 1945,Jagmoohan was given the award of Sursagar (ocean of music) in Bengal.The award has not since been given to anyone else,and the singer was only the second recipient of the honour.( The other recipient was Himangshu Datta ). In fact, most people have forgotten that Mitra is Jagmohan’s real surname; it has just become Jagmohan Sursagar, a name under which he also wrote an auto-biography in Bengali. It has recently been translated into Gujarati and brought out under the title of one his more famous songs, Dil Dekar Dard Liya Hai Maine…
Gandhiji too had appreciated Jagmohan’s singing and the singer recorded Sapt Kand Ramayana in six minutes at the Mahatma’s suggestion.Another national leader fond of his singing was Jay Prakash Narayan.

Jagmohan toured abroad also extensive and has been to among other countries East Africa,the U.K.,the U.S.A.and Canada,earning vast fan following everywhere. Speaking at the Ontario College of Art in Toronto,Jagmohan held his audience spell-bound,claiming there essentially was no barrier to music.He sang a Bengali composition in Bhairavi and followed up with an English song ,rendered in the same raga.

He came to Bombay in 1950 to become a Playback singer, but the Bombay film world atmosphere did not impress him and he did not sing in any film. In fact after 1955, he did not cut any record for Hindi films. In 1955, he sang under his own baton, for the only Hindi film for which he was the composer. This movie was “Sardaar”(1955).

A dignified individual, Jagmohan never turned bitter,became more of an introvert,paying heed to the calls of none but his inner voice.After the deaths of his mother and his wife in 1981,feeling lonely,he had moved residence thrice– from Bombay to Delhi for two years while he was a member of Censor Board,then to Calcutta and to Ahmedabad.

He did not seem to regard his moving from one city to another as something of great importance. He declared :”I crave for affection ,respect and human warmth and go wherever my inner-self tells me to. I have followed the dictates of my inner-self only all my life.”
“I can go away from a city,but I cannot go away from music”,he said.

He had become so popular due to his NFS in Hindi and Bangla, that he had neither the time nor the desire to sing for films. However Jagmohan sang 23 songs in 12 films, The films were, Bhakta Kabeer-42, Bhaichara-43, Hospital-43, Arzoo-44, Subah Shaam-44, Ameeri-45, Meghdoot-45, Krishnaleela-46, Pehchaan-46, Zameen aur Aasmaan-46, Iran ki ek raat-49 and Sardar-55.

After many attempts, it became clear as to how many Non film songs or Geets he sang in Hindi and the number is 75 songs. However. his songs are few on this Blog.The generation born in the 40s grew on Saigal,Jagmohan and Pankaj Mullick songs. There was a period when Non film Geets were extremely popular, even in the presence of film music, but gone are those days now when record collection was a respectful hobby. With this, the decline of such songs too came fast and only memories lived on.

In his book, Aap ki parchhainyan, shri Rajnikumar Pandyaji has mentioned an incident when Jagmohan went all the way to a far off place, just so that a dying fan of his songs, could listen to him while on deathbed. This is how Rajnikumar Pandya ji described this incident -in an E mail sent to me after I posted above information earlier. ” The patient was Manubhai Trivedi,father of my writer friend Niranjan Trivedi, I was knowing that Manubhai was an ardent fan of Jagmohan but due to his serious ailment it was not possible for him to come down to my place to see Jagmohanda who just arrived by morning train from Bombay .

“I therefore requested to Dada to pay a visit to Manubhai . He reluctantly agreed to it,We went to Manubhais place which was just few minutes form my place, After seeing his serious condition he expressed hid desire to sing a Bhajan before him though Manubhai was not in his senses, Anyway he sang a Bhajan “Ab tim kab sumiroge Raam, Jeevn do din ka maehamaan,’There were tears in the eyes of all who were present there including me and my small daughter who is party seen in the photograph attached with this mail. ( he attached a photograph for me).
Manubhai passed away after a week of this incident. ” The family members of the fan became eternally obliged to Jagmohan’s noble gesture.
Jagmohan returned to Bombay, after almost 2 years in Ahmedabad. He died on 4-9-2003, in Bombay.

The Hero of film Arzoo was Dhiraj Bhattacharya ( 5-11-1905 to 1959 ) worked in 10 Hindi films, namely Radha krishna-33, Seeta-34, Chandragupta-34, Balaa ki raat-36, Mandir-37, Kumkum the dancer-40, Arzoo-42, Wapas-43,Shri Ramanuj-43 and Irada-44.

Today’s song is not only a very rare song, but also an excellent Gazal. In the NFS, there is no parallel to jagmohan and Pankaj Mullick. You too will fall in love with this song, when you hear it. With this song, film Arzoo-44 makes its Debut on the Blog.

(I thank Rajnikumar Pandya ji, Manik Premchand ji, wiki and my notes for information used in the above article. )


Song- Hai kaun dil nahin jo pareeshaan e Aarzoo (Aarzoo)(1944) Singer- Jagmohan Sur Sagar, Lyricist-Khwaja Kidwai, MD- Subal Dasgupta

Lyrics

Hai kaun dil nahin jo pareeshan e aarzoo
Hai kaun dil nahin jo pareeshan e aarzoo
ye zindagi hai asal mein saamaan e aarzoo
ye zindagi hai asal mein saamaan e aarzoo
murjhaati hai jo ye ke to khilti hai doosri
murjhaati hai jo ye ke to khilti hai doosri
kaliyon se yoon bhara hai gulistaan e aarzoo

uske karam se ae ae ae
badhhta hai har dil ka hauslaa
uske karam se badhhta hai
har dil ka hauslaa
har dil ka hauslaa
phaila hua hai is liye daamaan e aarzoo
phaila hua hai is liye daamaan e aarzoo
maayoosiyaan bhi deti hain ummeed ko janam
maayoosiyaan bhi deti hain ummeed ko janam
naakaam e aarzoo ki to jaan hai aarzoo

shaayad isi tarah se khule girah phaans(?) ki
shaayad isi tarah se khule girah phaans(?) ki
girah phaans(?) ki
ham chhodte hain baandh ke paimaane aarzoo
ham chhodte hain baandh ke paimaane aarzoo


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